Total domestic consumption of milk in all products returned to positive annual growth during the third quarter, for the ﬁrst time since early this year. Strengthened use of all cheese was a key driver of this positive development. Meanwhile, U.S. dairy export volumes backed off a bit during the third quarter from their record pace during the prior quarter but kept the U.S. dairy industry on an almost certain path to set yet another calendar year record. Year-to-date performance through the third quarter was 18 percent of total U.S. milk solids production, up signiﬁcantly from the current 17.3 percent calendar year record set in 2021. The U.S. dairy industry has now clearly resumed increasing milk production after many months of below year-ago levels. Despite this greater supply, dairy product prices, which had been falling in recent months, found a floor and rebounded in some cases during October. Retail price inflation for all items, the categories of food and beverages, dairy products and for most individual dairy products moderated in October from a month earlier. The Dairy Margin Coverage program generated a second payment for 2022, of $0.88/cwt for Tier 1 coverage at the $9.50/cwt level, in September. The CME Group dairy futures and USDA’s dairy outlook are currently indicating that milk prices will be about $2.50 to $3.00 per hundredweight lower in 2023 than this year.
Commercial Use of Dairy Products
The rolling 3-month changes from a year earlier in the domestic commercial use of milk in all products turned positive in September. These aggregate measures of consumption change in the U.S. market had been consistently negative since February. The recent change doubtless reflected positive trends in both retail and food service consumption, the two major
drivers of Americans’ dairy foods consuming behaviors. American-type cheese consumption recovered during July–September from a spring and summer slump, while other cheese resumed stronger increases than those during the summer months. Fluid milk, yogurt and butter consumption, by contrast, have remained almost consistently in negative growth territory in the United States this year.
Dairy Management Inc. REPORT Volume25|No.11DMI|NMPF November2022
Total Fluid Milk Products Yogurt Butter American–type Cheese All Other Cheese Total Cheese Dry Skim Milk All Products (milk equiv., milkfat basis) All Products (milk equiv., skim solids basis) All Products (milk equiv., total solids basis) 10,509 1,172 493 1,309 2,005 3,315 206 56,616 44,945 48,525 10,744 1,224 537 1,304 1,953 3,258 217 56,275 44,902 48,362
-235 -52 -44 5 52 57 -11 340 42 163
-2.2% -4.3% -8.2% 0.4% 2.7% 1.7% -5.3% 0.6% 0.1% 0.3% Domestic Commercial Use Jul–Sept 2022 Jul–Sept 2021 2021–2022 Change Percent Change
U.S. Dairy Trade
U.S. exports of American-type cheese declined by almost 20 percent during the July–September third quarter from their relatively high levels during the second quarter. Total cheese exports declined by just over ten percent over the same time. Total U.S. dairy exports backed off to 18.5 percent of total U.S. milk solids production from 19.3 percent as well. Nevertheless, third quarter export performance remained near record high levels, keeping the U.S. dairy industry on an almost certain path to set yet another record for export volumes during a full calendar year.
U.S. dairy imports saw few significant developments during the third quarter, with a 15 percent annual increase in casein imports highlighting the period.
The USDA/NASS September milk production report revised the past several months of milk production data to now clearly
show U.S. milk production rising again after many months below year-ago levels. The revised data show U.S. milk production rose over year-earlier levels by 0.5% in July, 1.7% in August and 1.5% in September. U.S. dairy cow numbers edged back above their level of a year earlier in September, following many months below. Total U.S. milk solids production gains again exceeded those of raw milk production by more than half a percentage point.
Rising U.S. milk production during the third quarter of 2022 has yet to show up noticeably in the period’s dairy product production data, compared with the rolling three-month period a month earlier. Annual growth in all types of cheese, butter and whey products declined over those two periods.
Dairy Product Inventories
Cheese stocks kept falling in September from the record levels they reached at the end of July. While all types of Butter
2 – Dairy Market Report | November 2022 Dairy Management Inc.
Anhydrous Milk Fat/Butteroil American–type Cheese Cheddar Cheese All Other Cheese Total Cheese Dry Skim Milk Whole Milk Powder Dry Whey Whey Protein Concentrate/Isolate Lactose
Milk Solids Exported
U.S. Dairy Exports Jul–Sept 2022Jul–Sept 2021 2021–2022 Change Percent Change
Cheese Dry Skim Milk MPC (all protein levels) Casein Percent of U.S. Milk Solids Imported
U.S. Dairy Imports Jul–Sept 2022Jul–Sept 2021 2021–2022 Change Percent Change continued on page 3
17,289 3,644 21,002 20,785 90,382 111,384 194,297 8,660 64,848 61,528 120,509 18.5% 9,895 6,236 16,036 15,951 91,444 107,480 221,999 9,601 53,304 53,729 94,589 17.9% (metric tons) 7,395 -2,593 4,966 4,833 -1,062 3,904 -27,702 -941 11,544 7,799 25,921 0.6% 75% -42% 31% 30% -1% 4% -12% -10% 22% 15% 27% 4%
13,959 49,535 58 10,199 18,092 3.5% 13,604 51,016 116 9,799 15,713 3.3% (metric tons) 355 -1,481 -58 400 2,379 0.2% 3% -3% -50% 4% 15% 5%
cheese did so in August, the further drop in September was due entirely to non-American varieties. End of September butter stocks were 86 percent of their average level during the previous four Septembers. Dry skim milk inventories declined along with butter from August to September, while dry whey stocks were stable for the month.
Dairy Product and Federal Order Class Prices
As expected, dairy product prices that had been falling in recent months found a floor and rebounded in some cases
during October. That month’s nonfat dry milk and dry whey prices were stable from September, while cheese prices staged a not insignificant rebound. Butter prices, which had yet to fall, reached another monthly high in October. These various product price behaviors caused a larger increase for the month in the October Class III price than that for Class IV. The gap between the two therefore narrowed in October, from almost five dollars per cwt to just over three.
As measured by the year-over-year rate of increase in their respective CPI’s, the most common measure of retail price inflation, the overall cost of living, general food and beverage inflation and overall inflation for dairy products and for most individual dairy product categories receded modestly in
Dairy Market Report | November 2022 – 3 Dairy Management Inc.
American Types Cheddar Italian Types Mozzarella Total Cheese Butter Dry Milk Products Nonfat Dry Milk Skim Milk Powder Dry Whey Whey Protein Concentrate 9,413 6,004 56,512 7,280 1,362 951 1,466 1,160 3,441 437 423 165 243 134 9,442 5,914 55,836 7,146 1,384 955 1,436 1,119 3,429 438 399 209 239 125 (million pounds) -30 90 676 134 -22 -5 30 41 12 -1 25 -44 4 9 -0.3%
-20.9% 1.9% 6.8% Milk and Dairy Products Production Jul–Sept 2022Jul–Sept 2021 2021–2022 Change Percent Change Butter American Cheese Other Cheese Dry Skim Milk Dry Whey 267 843 627 282 64 278 842 640 318 64 (million pounds) 324 844 614 268 63 -18% 0% 2% 5% 1% Dairy Product Inventories Sept 2022Aug 2022Sept 2021 2021–2022 Change continued
Dairy Product Inventories from page 2
Milk Production Cows (1,000 head)
(million pounds) Total Milk Solids (million pounds) Dairy
1.5% 1.2% 1.9% -1.6% -0.5% 2.1% 3.7% 0.3% -0.2% 6.2%
from a month earlier. Butter was one of the few exceptions, with its annual CPI rise creeping up a tenth of a percent to 26.7 percent. This will also likely change soon, given the wholesale butter price drop in November.
$3.191 $2.156 $2.045 $2.221 $1.582 $0.486 $22.71 $25.73 $21.81 $24.96 $4.184 $3.836 $5.960 $4.847
$3.116 $1.950 $1.884 $1.983 $1.580 $0.490 $23.62 $26.51 $19.82 $24.63 $4.181 $3.808 $6.084 $4.718
$1.417 $0.386 $0.238 $0.520 $0.222 -$0.059 $5.63 $8.65 $3.98 $7.92 $0.521 $0.649 $0.564 $1.195
$1.34 $4.06 $1.94
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Producer Prices All Milk (per cwt.) Feed Prices Corn (per bushel) Soybean Meal (per ton) Premium Alfalfa Hay (per ton) Feed Prices (per cwt of milk) Corn Soybean Meal Premium Alfalfa Hay DMC Feed Cost* (per cwt.) DMC Margin* (per cwt.) *DMC calculations are not revised $24.40 $7.09 $474 $342 $7.61 $3.48 $4.69 $15.78 $8.62 $24.30 $7.24 $511 $343 $7.77 $3.76 $4.70 $16.22 $8.08 $18.30 $5.47 $344 $244 $5.87 $2.53 $3.34 $11.71 $6.69 $6.10 $1.62 $130 $98 $1.74 $0.96
Milk and Feed Prices Sept 2022Aug 2022 Sept 2021 2021–2022 Change NDPSR Dairy Product Prices Butter Cheddar Cheese 40-Pound Blocks 500-Pound Barrels Nonfat Dry Milk Dry Whey Federal Order Class Prices for Milk Class I Mover Class II Class III Class IV Retail Dairy Product Prices
Milk (per gallon) Lowfat Fluid Milk (per gallon) Cheddar Cheese (per pound) Butter (per pound)
Dairy Product and Federal Order Prices Oct 2022Sept 2022 Oct 2021 2021–2022 Change
Milk and Feed Prices
under the Dairy Margin hundredweight) Dairy Product and Federal Order Class Prices from page 3 continued on page 5
$8.62/cwt, up by $0.54/cwt from the August margin and generating a payment of $0.88/cwt for Tier 1 coverage at the $9.50/cwt level under the program. The
(per pound) $1.775
$1.770 $1.807 $1.701 $1.360 $0.545 $17.08 $17.08 $17.83 $17.04 $3.663 $3.187 $5.396 $3.652
Milk and Feed Prices from page 4
September U.S. average all-milk price rose $0.10/cwt from August. The DMC feed cost formula produced a $0.45/cwt lower feed cost for the month, due almost entirely to lower soybean meal and corn prices (numbers don’t add exactly due to rounding). Together, the September payment and the August one for $1.42/cwt will return more to producers enrolled for $9.50.cwt Tier 1 coverage than their annual premium payments.
Current forecasts indicate that, of the remaining three months in 2022, additional payments under the Dairy Margin Coverage program are most likely to occur in December. Dairy futures currently indicate the all-milk price will rebound in October and November from August and September levels. USDA’s Farm Service Agency opened enrollment for both calendar
year 2023 DMC and for Supplemental DMC on Oct. 17. The deadline to enroll is Dec. 9. USDA’s November World Agricultural Supply and Demand Estimates (WASDE) report made mostly modest downward adjustments from a month earlier to its product, class and all-milk price forecasts for calendar years 2022 and 2023. The CME-based forecasts at the time of the two reports showed much the same pattern for those same prices.
WASDE milk production forecasts in the November report were little changed from a month earlier, with an increase of just 100 million pounds for 2022 and no change in the 2023 forecast. The November forecasts indicate that 2022 production will be 0.3 percent higher than in 2021 and 2023 production will be up by 1.0 percent from this year. Taken together, the CME and the WASDE are currently indicating that milk prices will be about $2.50 to $3.00 per hundredweight lower in 2023 than during this year.
National Milk Producers Federation email@example.com www.nmpf.org
Dairy Management Inc.™ and state, regional, and international organizations work together to drive demand for dairy products on behalf of America's dairy farmers, through the programs of the American Dairy Association ®, the National Dairy Council ®, and the U.S. Dairy Export Council ®
The National Milk Producers Federation (NMPF) is a farm commodity organization representing most of the dairy marketing cooperatives serving the U.S.
Dairy Market Report | November 2022 – 5 Dairy Management Inc.
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