[[March March 2011 2012]]
March 2012 [features] 14 Higher Costs on Horizon Growing demand and environmental regulations stress electric rates
16 Living with Hounds
Bloodhoud owner fell in love with big,
[columns] 20 Flavorful, Fetching Fare Tastes your dog will thank you for 22 The Root of the Matter
Owner Marlene Groves of Kiowa gets her bloodhound Sebastian ready for his close up.
Learn about sustainable gardening
25 Energy Tips
Open a window on warmth and create a mini sunroom
Wild turkey population thrives,
in Colorado over the phone
Share in caring for Colorado’s statehouse
thanks to group’s efforts
5 Letters 6 Calendar 7 Co-op News 12 NewsClips 29 Funny Stories 30 Discoveries
Sebastian, a purebred bloodhound, poses for the photographer. Photo by brentwardphotos.com
COMMUNICATIONS STAFF: Mona Neeley, CCC, Publisher/Editor@303-455-4111; firstname.lastname@example.org Donna Wallin, Associate Editor; email@example.com • Amy Higgins, Administrative Assistant/Writer; firstname.lastname@example.org ADVERTISING: Kris Wendtland@303-902-7276; NCM@800-626-1181
The official publication of the Colorado Rural Electric Association Volume 43, Number 02
OFFICERS: Bob Bledsoe [Tri-State] President; Bill Midcap [Fort Morgan] Vice President; Don Kaufman [Sangre de Cristo] Secretary; Jack Schneider [Poudre Valley] Treasurer; Kent Singer [CREA] Executive Director BOARD OF DIRECTORS: John Porter [Empire]; Don McClaskey [Grand Valley]; Jim Lueck [Highline]; Michael Glass [Holy Cross]; Dan Mills [K.C.]; Tom Compton [La Plata]; Stan Cazier [Mountain Parks]; B.D. Paddock [Mountain View]; Joseph Costa, Reg Rudolph [San Isabel]; Mike Rierson, [San Luis Valley]; Marcus Wilson, Kevin Ritter [San Miguel]; Mark Grasmick [Southeast]; Jim Jaeger, Ron Asche [United Power]; Bill Jordan [White River]; Stuart Travis [Y-W]; Charles Perry [Yampa Valley]; Basin Electric, CoBank, Moon Lake Electric, Wheatland Electric [Associate Members]
EDITORIAL: Denver Corporate Office, 5400 N. Washington Street, Denver, CO 80216; Phone: 303-455-4111 • Email: MNeeley@coloradocountrylife.org • Website: coloradocountrylife.coop • Facebook: Colorado Country Life • Twitter: @COCountryLife Colorado Country Life (USPS 469-400/ISSN 1090-2503) is published monthly for $9/$15 per year by Colorado Rural Electric Association, 5400 N. Washington Street, Denver, CO 80216. Periodical postage paid at Denver, Colorado. POSTMASTER: Send address changes to Colorado Country Life, 5400 N. Washington Street, Denver, CO 80216 Publication of an advertisement in Colorado Country Life does not imply endorsement by any Colorado rural electric cooperative or the Colorado Rural Electric Association. Editorial opinions published in Colorado Country Life magazine shall pertain to issues affecting rural electric cooperatives, rural communities and citizens. The opinion of CREA is not necessarily that of any particular cooperative or individual.
Extreme Dome Makeover
We all share in caring for Colorado’s statehouse BY KENT SINGER || CREA EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR || KSINGER@COLORADOREA.ORG
The gleaming gold dome of the Colorado Capitol is probably the single most recognizable man-made structure in Colorado. Covered in gold leaf donated by Colorado miners, the dome has proudly stood over our state’s Capitol and capital city for more than 100 years. But the iconic dome is in need of a makeover. While it doesn’t need quite the kind of extreme makeover featured on the familiar ABC television show, it does need an extreme amount of money to accomplish the work that does need to be done. Money is still being raised, but the work has already begun. The need for repairs to the Capitol dome became clear in 2006 when a large piece of cast-iron cladding fell onto the observation deck. Since then the observation deck has been closed, denying visitors the opportunity to enjoy the spectacular views of Denver and the Front Range from that vantage point. During this time, investigators were also reviewing the dome structure, determining what kind of repairs the dome needed. The Capitol Dome Restoration Project was initiated in 2011 when the state legislature appropriated $4 million to begin the work. Repairs will include the replacement of deteriorated cast iron to reinforce the dome’s superstructure, replacement of 110-year-old bolts, restoration of the windows and repainting. Contractors will also restore the gilded copper dome roofing and apply new gold leaf that will be donated by AngloGold Ashanti and the Cripple Creek & Victor Gold Mining Company in Teller County. The work should be completed in 2014. If you have visited the Capitol recently, you have seen that the dome is now surrounded by scaffolding and
encased in white shrink-wrap. Installing this protective covering was the first step in the renovation project that began in late January. Of course, the Capitol is home to two of the three branches of government in Colorado with the goverKent Singer nor’s office situated on the first floor and the Colorado General Assembly (both the House of Representatives and the Senate) on the second floor. Although the Colorado Supreme Court used to hear arguments in the old Supreme Court chambers on the second floor, the judicial branch of government moved out of the Capitol many years ago.
sharein the carecolorado.org
As a symbol of our democracy and the center of government, the Colorado Capitol is an important place for all Coloradans. Your co-op representatives at the Colorado Rural Electric Association spend many hours at the Capitol making sure that both the governor and the General Assembly are aware of co-op issues and concerns. As the trade association representing co-op interests, we follow the legislative process carefully to be sure that your local electric co-op can continue to provide reliable, afford-
able and environmentally responsible electricity. For me personally, though, the Colorado Capitol will always hold a special place in my heart. Not only is it where I spent the first seven years of my legal career as a staff attorney in the Legislative Drafting Office (now the Office of Legislative Legal Services), it is also the place where I met my wife, Deb. Almost all of our friendships are based on the great people we have met over the years who have worked in some capacity, either as members of the body, staff or lobbyists, at the Capitol. You can disagree with the outcomes from time to time, but the democratic process that unfolds under the gold dome is always recognized for its openness, fairness and lack of corruption. The gold dome is a fitting symbol for this Centennial State. Its renovation project is being supported by the Share in the Care Colorado campaign. The campaign is raising funds for the construction efforts. Although the Colorado General Assembly has appropriated funds for the project, private donations are also being sought to offset costs. I encourage all Coloradans to contribute to this worthy cause, this symbol of our democracy. As Winston Churchill once said: “… democracy is the worst form of government except all those other forms that have been tried from time to time.”
FOLLOW EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR KENT SINGER’S BLOG AT COLORADOREABLOG.WORDPRESS.COM ColoradoCountryLife.coop 4 March 2012
[letters] Long-term Costs of Electricity I want my utility to plan for the future and think about the long-term costs of its electricity supplies, not just getting the cheapest today. Electricity from coal and natural gas is going to get more and more expensive as more and more people compete for limited resources. We need to encourage wise development of inexhaustible supplies that our country controls for our own security and economy. I encourage the electric co-ops to lead the way. Lee Cassin, De Beque
Alternative Sources of Power Renewable tax incentives should be extended. We need to look at sources of electricity other than what we currently use and encourage individuals to incorporate solar and wind generation to reduce pollution. Thank you for including information on a thermosyphoning air panel in your December issue. We have been using one to help heat our garage in the winter for years and see temperatures over 120 degrees on sunny days at no cost to us. Bill Williams, Dolores
Coal, oil and gas are established and well-funded industries. Alternate energy sources face significant political, corporate and financial barriers, and tax incentives help level the playing field. Tax incentives help promote research and move industries forward to determine the viability of long-term sustainability for various energy sources. Rod Johnson, Eads
Thanks for the Support On behalf of the board of directors of Grand County Council on Aging, and specifically board member Charlotte Waddell, I would like to thank you for your donation to GCCA. Your gift came at the right time to enable us to continue providing programming and transportation to the senior and disabled residents of Grand County. Sharon Shoenberger Grand County Council on Aging, Granby
Send your letter to the editor by mail or email. You must include your name and address to be published. Letters may be edited. ColoradoCountryLife.coop March 2012 5
[March] March 10 Fort Collins KRFC Birthday Bash Lincoln Center 5:30 pm • 970-221-6730 March 10 Ignacio Bridal & Event Showcase Sky Ute Casino Resort 9 am-4 pm • 970-563-1756 March 10 Loveland Get Up & Get Down to Get Kids Out Loveland Ski Area 8:30 am-4 pm goals4youth.org March 10 Ridgway Wine & Whiskers Carnival Ouray County 4-H Event Center 5:30 pm-12 am • adopt mountainpets.org
March 17 Greeley Celtic Tenors concert Union Colony Civic Center 7:30 pm • ucstars.com March 17 Pueblo “Up in the Air” show Sangre de Cristo Arts Center 11 am and 2 pm • sangre decristoarts.org March 18 Beulah (Almost) Spring Equinox Hike Mountain Park Environmental Center 9-11:30 am • hikeandlearn.org March 23-25 Loveland Gem & Mineral Show Larimer County Fairgrounds 970-493-6168 March 24 Durango Choral Society performance St. Columba Catholic Church 7:30 pm • durangochoral society.org
March 15 Elbert Silent auction and concert Elbert School 5:30-8 pm • elbertboosters@ hotmail.com
March 24 Falcon Horseman’s Day Falcon High School coequinevets.com
March 16 Denver Spanish Happy Hour Museo de las Americas 5-8 pm • museo.org
March 24 Grand Junction Walk From Obesity Eagle Rim Park 9:30 am • walkfrom obesity.com
March 25 Northglenn Vintage Voltage Expo Ramada Plaza Convention Center 11 am-4 pm • danacain.com March 27 Denver Free Admission Day Denver Botanic Gardens botanicgardens.org March 29- April 1 Crested Butte Junior Freeskiing Tour Crested Butte Mountain Resort jrfreeskiing.com
April 6 Windsor Easter Eggstravaganza Community Recreation Center 10:30-11:30 am • 970-674-3500 April 7 Boulder Boulder Roubaix Road Race 41st and Oxford Road All day • dbcevents.com
April 7 Durango Easter Beagle Express March 31 Durango & Silverton Railroad Burlington 10 am and 12 pm • durango. Home & Garden Show Burlington Community Center train.com. 9 am-3 pm • burlingtoncolo. April 7 com Grand Lake Easter Egg Hunt March 31 Town Park Grand Junction 11 am • 970-627-8428 Fly-Fishing Expo DoubleTree Hotel April 7 grand-valley-anglers.org Loveland Concert for Biodiversity March 31 Rialto Theater Center Trinidad 7-9 pm • www.ci.loveland. Peacock Ball fundraiser co.us The Mitchell Museum 719-859-1802 April 7 Monarch Kayaks on Snow Monarch Mountain 888-996-7669 x 5050
April 7 April 3-14 Winter Park Durango Snowshoe Race Graffiti Exhibit March 24 Colorado Adventure Park Durango Arts Center Grand Junction winterparksnowshoeseries. Golden Age Games fundraiser durangoarts.org com Orchard Mesa Bowling Lanes April 6 5 pm • 970-245-6175 April 15 Littleton March 17 Greeley Free Admission Day March 24 Burlington “Shrek the Musical” Denver Botanic Salida Pitch Tournament Union Colony Civic Center Gardens at Chatfield “Wild Flowers” art Burlington Community Center 3 pm • ucstars.com botanicgardens.org 6:30 pm • burlingtoncolo.com exhibit opening Salida Steamplant 5-7 pm • 719-539-7120 March 17 SEND CALENDAR ITEMS Granby March 25 Beach Bash and snow fun TWO MONTHS Elbert SolVista Basin IN ADVANCE TO: All-you-can-eat breakfast 5-8 pm • granbyranch.com Russell Gates Mercantile Calendar, Colorado Country Life, 5400 N. Washington St., Community Hall Denver, CO 80216; fax to 303-455-2807; or email calendar@ 8 am-1 pm • 306-648-3325 coloradocountrylife.org. March 16-18 Eckert Crane Days Fruitgrowers Reservoir 970-874-9532
ColoradoCountryLife.coop 6 March 2012
Y-W ELECTRIC ASSOCIATION, INC.
Minutes from the 2011 Annual Meeting of Members
The 66th Annual Meeting of the Members of Y-W Electric Association, Inc., was called to order by President Darrel Brenner at 10 a.m. on March 18, 2011, at the Eckley Community Center, Eckley, Colorado, pursuant to notice required by the Bylaws of the Association. PLEDGE OF ALLEGIANCE Manager Terry Hall led the members and guests in the Pledge of Allegiance. INVOCATION Reverend Eldred Sidebottom gave the invocation. DRAWING — GRAND PRIZE Manager Hall announced that the name of one member of the Association is being drawn from a drum containing the names of all members. The name of that member was put in an envelope to be announced at the end of the meeting. That member will be the winner of the $5,000 grand prize provided that member is present at the meeting. The board has decided to cap the grand prize at $5,000. The names of two members attending the meeting were drawn from a different drum containing names of all members that registered at the meeting. They will be the winners of the $250 and $500 prizes and their names were also placed in envelopes to be opened at the end of the meeting. APPOINTMENT OF CREDENTIALS AND ELECTION COMMITTEE President Brenner introduced the members who have been appointed to serve on the Credentials and Election Committee. n Leo Pieper (Chairman), Akron n Tom Fuller, Akron n Elva Masters, Anton n Albert Corliss, Yuma n Frank Smith, Wray n Junior Weishaar, Idalia n Connie Newbanks, Eckley
INTRODUCTION OF BOARD MEMBERS AND STAFF President Brenner introduced the members of the board of directors, their wives who were present and members of the Y-W staff.
INTRODUCTION OF GUESTS, RETIRED DIRECTORS AND OTHERS n Rick Gordon — Tri State n Ron Ebenkamp — Tri-State n James Spiers — Tri-State n Mark Farnsworth — Highline n Dennis Herman — Highline n Dixie Fagerlin — Highline n Steve Oestman — Highline n Mike Prom, CEO — Western United n Kent Singer — CREA n Donna Norris — CREA n Larry Hill — WAPA n Matt Yakab — WAPA n Tim Edgar — CSU Energy Coordinator Past Y-W staff and directors and spouses: n Morris and Shirley Sunderman n Lloyd and Rozetta Anderson n Katherine Zion n Robert and Jeanie Goodman n Bill and Beulah Krause n Lucille Hardy n Lucile Bledsoe
QUORUM AND VOTING RULES Attorney Levi Williamson reviewed the bylaw provisions relating to quorum and voting rules. REPORT OF ATTENDANCE Mindi Segelke, office manager, reported that there were 379 members registered for the meeting and this constitutes a quorum for the conducting of any business that might come before the meeting, including the election of directors. READING OF NOTICE OF MEETING Secretary Chet Gebauer read the Notice of Annual Meeting, which includes the time and place of the annual meeting and proof of publication and the names of nominees for each of the vacancies on the board of directors. [continued on page 8] ColoradoCountryLife.coop March 2012 7
[Y-W News] [continued from page 7]
APPROVE 2010 ANNUAL MEETING MINUTES It was properly moved, seconded and carried that the minutes of the Annual Meeting of Members held March 19, 2010 at Akron, Colorado, be dispensed with and approved as published in the Colorado Country Life magazine. INTRODUCTION OF NOMINEES FOR DIRECTOR Manager Hall introduced the nominees for director: n Charles (Jim) Soehner — District 3, Yuma County n Joneal Young — District 6, Washington County n Darrel Brenner — District 7, Town of Akron ELECTION OF DIRECTORS Attorney Williamson announced that because there is no competition for any of the Director positions, a voice vote is appropriate. It was properly moved, seconded and carried to elect Soehner, Young and Brenner to another term as directors for their respective Districts. BYLAW AMENDMENTS Attorney Williamson announced that the board of directors proposed two amendments to the Y-W Bylaws. The Board proposed deleting two sentences in Article II, Meetings of Members, to conform to Title 40 of the Colorado Revised Statutes as follows: ARTICLE II Meetings of Members Section 5. Voting Each member shall be entitled to only one (1) vote upon each matter submitted to a vote at any meeting of the members, including voting for one (1) director from each district in which a director is to be elected. At all meetings of the members at which a quorum is present, all questions shall be decided by a vote of a majority of the members voting thereon in person and, where authorized, by mail, except as otherwise provided by law, the Articles of Incorporation of the Association or these Bylaws. If a husband and wife hold a joint membership, they shall jointly be entitled to one (1) vote and no more upon each matter submitted to a vote at a meeting of the members. A member shall be entitled to vote for the election of directors either at a meeting held for such purpose or by mail. In addition, voting by mail must be in writing on ballots provided by the Association and the return envelope containing the ballot must be signed by the member voting. The presence of a member at a meeting of the members shall revoke a mail vote theretofore executed by such member and such member shall be entitled to vote at such meeting in the same manner and with the same effect as if such member had not voted by mail. Voting by members other than members who are natural persons shall be allowed upon presentation to the Cooperative, prior to, or upon registration at, each member meeting, of satisfactory evidence entitling the person presenting the same to vote. (Stuart and Dolores J. Blecha, Act. #1352002801) Notwithstanding the foregoing provisions of this ColoradoCountryLife.coop 8 March 2012
Section, whenever a member is absent from a meeting of the members but whose spouse attends such meeting, such spouse shall be deemed to hold, and may exercise the right to vote, to the same extent that such member could vote if present in person. Cumulative voting and voting by proxy shall be prohibited at all meetings of the members. Section 9. Credentials and Election Committee The Board of Directors not more than forty-five (45) days prior to the annual meeting of members, shall appoint a Credentials and Election Committee consisting of an uneven number of members, not less than five (5) nor more than fifteen (15) who are not directors or candidates for the office of director, or member of the same household of or close relative of any director or candidate. In appointing the Committee, the Board shall have regard for equitable representation of the several areas served by the Cooperative. It shall be the responsibility of the Committee to pass upon all questions that might arise with respect to the registration of members, to count all ballots cast in the election or in any other ballot vote taken, and to rule upon the effect of any ballots irregularly marked. The Committee’s decision on all such matters shall be final. President Brenner asked for a motion to approve the Bylaw amendments. It was properly moved, seconded, and carried to amend the Bylaws as proposed by the board of directors. 2010 CREA CAMP DELEGATES Andy Molt announced that the 2010 CREA camp delegates were not able to attend the annual meeting. They were Shelby Guy, Akron; Dezarea Kasa, Lone Star; Matthew Paul, Idalia; Tawney Bleak, Otis; Phillip Foy, Otis; John Patterson, Otis; and Robbie Parker, Idalia. Molt gave a slideshow presentation of their time at the camp. 2011 CREA CAMP DELEGATES Andy Molt announced the delegates for the 2011 CREA camp. They are Will Helling, Idalia; Joelle Holtman, Liberty; Travis Hill, Akron; Brendon Dutton, Idalia; Jared Allacher, Otis; and Kati Kuntz, Otis. The alternates are Jaci Palser, Otis; and Sam Weaver, Liberty. (Rodney and Gina Lynn Palser, Act. #3701008501) 2011 SCHOLARSHIP WINNERS Andy Molt announced the 2011 Scholarship winners. They are: Y-W ELECTRIC 4-YEAR $1,000 n Phillip Foy – Otis High School n Danielle Lenz – Wray High School Y-W ELECTRIC $1,000 n Larrah Welp – Wray High School n Kyle Michaelis – Akron High School n Alison Seedorf – Yuma High School n Tawney Bleak – Otis High School
[Y-W News] Y-W ELECTRIC $500 n Caitlin Brown – Yuma High School n Hannah Gates – Liberty High School n Danielle Jones – Arickaree High School n Adam Morostica – Idalia High School Y-W ELECTRIC CONTINUING EDUCATION $500 n Deseray Gruben – Colorado State University BASIN ELECTRIC MEMBER DEPENDENT $1,000 n Maura Jostes – Akron High School BASIN ELECTRIC EMPLOYEE DEPENDENT POOL DELEGATE n Phillip Foy – Otis High School TRI-STATE G&T $500 n Landon Schaffer – Idalia High School n Chance Friedly – Akron High School LINE TECHNICIAN n Ryan Rhea MANAGER’S REPORT Manager Hall presented his report with the aid of screen projections. The financial reports were for the year 2010. He presented and discussed the balance sheet, statement of revenue, expenses and margins, financial ratios and capital credits retirement history. The 2010 operating margins were $1,792,736. Total margins for the year were $3,984,022. Y-W met its financial ratio requirements for 2010. For 2010, Tri-State did not increase their wholesale power rate. Y-W raised retail rates by 3.56 percent to cover additional costs at Y-W. Y-W did not raise retail rates for 2011. The irrigation load control program will continue in 2011. Wells are controlled in May, June and September. There are two options available. Manager Hall discussed the Republican River Compact and the potential impacts on Y-W and its members. He reviewed system improvements made in 2010, including rebuilding 5.7 miles of three-phase overhead line, sectionalizing on the Baseline substation circuits and installation of 92 new services. He reviewed Y-W’s future construction plans. He discussed Western United, the Colorado Rural Electric Association and various legislative issues. PRESIDENT’S REPORT President Brenner announced that his report would be a little out of the ordinary. He talked about the interesting and little known facts about Y-W. He described the differences between the various types of lines maintained by Y-W. Y-W owns 4,013 miles of electric lines, enough to stretch from New York to Milan, Italy. Y-W has 8,916 members, resulting in a consumer density of 2.22 consumers per mile of line, the third lowest density in Colorado. Y-W owns nearly 68,000 poles, more than 68 million feet of wire, 22 substations and 38 vehicles. Y-W employees
drive approximately 250,000 miles each year. Y-W has had only five very minor vehicle accidents in the last five years. Y-W has the second largest irrigation load in Tri-State’s system, and third largest in the country of RUS borrowers. Y-W’s summer load is 130 MW, compared to only 30 MW in the winter. Brenner reviewed effects of the Migratory Bird Treaty Act and the Bald and Golden Eagle Protection Act. The cost to date for Y-W to comply with the laws is $694,000. Y-W spends approximately $70,000 each year to trim trees. Each year, Y-W hires an inspector to inspect Y-W’s poles at an annual cost of $46,600. Y-W has the third highest plant investment per consumer in the state. Y-W’s power costs are higher than average due to the low load factor of the irrigation load. Y-W’s retail rates are about average for the state. Y-W retires capital credits to its members and is currently on a 20-year rotation. Y-W has retired $15,138,045 to its members, including over $6 million in the past 10 years. (Paul L. and Joy T. Livingston, Act. #3035002401) President Brenner thanked the other directors, General Manager Hall, his staff and employees for their hard work in 2010. TRI-STATE REPORT Jim Soehner, Y-W’s representative on the Tri-State G&T Board of Directors, presented a report given at the Tri-State Board of Directors meeting. The report reviewed Tri-State’s asset utilization mix and integration of renewable energy. Soehner introduced Jim Spiers, Tri-State’s senior vice president of business strategy, R&D. Spiers reviewed the numerous government regulations that Tri-State must comply with. He reviewed rule making from the previous six months and future federal regulations that will affect the cost of power. He reviewed the board’s strategic goals. APPROVAL OF REPORTS It was properly moved, seconded and carried that the members accept and approve the reports presented at the meeting and approve the actions of the board of directors for the year 2010. DISMISS COMMITTEES President Brenner dismissed all the committees he appointed to serve this meeting with the thanks of all members. PRIZE DRAWINGS Throughout the meeting, drawings for prizes were conducted by Manager Hall. Robin Dunn’s name was drawn for the $5,000 prize, but was not present. ADJOURNMENT President Brenner called for any other business that should come before the meeting, and, hearing none, ruled that the meeting be adjourned. __________________________________ Secretary __________________________________ President ColoradoCountryLife.coop March 2012 9
[Y-W News] [Billing Corner]
Because You Asked ...
We found a way to provide a new customer convenience service
Y-W Electric will be offering E-bill to our consumers this month. This service allows you to pay your bill electronically on Y-W’s website. You may also choose to receive a monthly statement electronically. Check out the website at www.ywelectric.coop for more information. Credit card and check by phone payments are still accepted during regular business hours. Due to the utilization of E-bill, there is no longer a fee charged for using check or credit card payments by phone. If requesting this service, you will either need your credit card or your bank and checking account information. (Mitchell A. and Carmen C. Witte, Act. #1060100101)
Sign up for E-bill and save time!
CLAIM YOUR CREDIT
Each month, Y.W. Electric offers members a chance to earn a $20 credit on their next electric bill. If you recognize your name and account number in this magazine, call 800-660-2291 and ask for your credit. It couldn’t be easier. Members claiming their $20 credit from the December 2011 issue were Andrew Weaver, Jody L. Kogl, Don Riemenschneider, Rian and Sarah Bernhardt and John and Roberta Schaffner. Get acquainted with your account number, read your Colorado Country Life magazine and pick up the phone. That’s all the energy you’ll need to claim your energy bucks. You must claim your credit during the month in which your name appears in the magazine (check the date on the front cover). ColoradoCountryLife.coop 10 March 2012
A Source for the Problem
What nuisances could be lurking around your home and what are the best ways to remedy them? EnergyStar.gov lists several common household problems and offers suggestions on how to identify and repair them. On its website you can find information such as this scenario: n If you suspect you have a water leak, find its location. It could be somewhere obvious, such as a bathroom or ceiling. However, it could be more inconspicuous, such as the attic, roof or basement. n Fix the leak immediately. If the leak has caused substantial water damage or mold, you will need to hire a contractor who specializes in mold remediation and water damage repairs. n Dry out the area completely after the leak is repaired. Failing to fix a water leak can lead to mold, mildew or other biological growth. Depending on the severity, conditions can lead to rot, structural damage, premature paint failure and a variety of health problems. Water can seep into your house from the outside through a leak in your roof or foundation or small gaps around windows or doors. Water can also come from inside your house from a leaking water pipe, toilet, shower or bathtub. High indoor humidity caused by normal activities of everyday living, such as showering, cooking and drying clothes, can also be a source of mold, mildew or musty odors. Visit EnergyStar.gov for more useful tips on common household problems.
Add it Up
Spring clean your electric bill by cutting costs at home. Find out how you can add up your savings by visiting togetherwe
SIGN UP FOR GREEN POWER
Y-W Electric is offering a renewable energy program subject to renewable energy being available from Y-W’s wholesale electric power supplier, TriState Generation and Transmission Association. Members may sign up for a set amount of renewable resource power in 100-kilowatt-hour per month increments. There will be a small premium of 7.5 cents per 100-kWh block in addition to the present rate. Tri-State Generation and Transmission Association has purchased output electricity from wind farms, hydropower projects and solar power to provide this service.
Guidelines for Green Power Rate Availability — To all
Y-W Electric members in 100-kWh per month blocks. (Joe and Dora Tovar, Act. #1373001607)
Eligibility — Any Y-W Electric member, who must complete and return to Y-W Electric an Intent to Purchase Renewable Generated Power Application. This form will indicate the number of 100-kWh blocks the member intends to purchase monthly. Rate — The rate will be a renewable power
premium (added charge) for all renewable power delivered to the member participant as committed in the Intent to Purchase Renewable Generated Power Application. The renewable rate will be 7.5 cents per 100-kWh block in addition to the present rate applicable to the member.
Duration — Once the member has committed to the purchase, this rate shall qualify on a monthto-month basis.
SIGN UP FOR GREEN POWER Name
save.com/add-up-your-savings. City, State, Zip Code
St. Patrick’s Day March 17
Number of Green Power blocks of 100 kWh
Signature I have committed to this purchase. This rate shall qualify on a month-to-month basis.
ColoradoCountryLife.coop February 2012 11
U.S. SECOND IN RENEWABLE GENERATION
Renewable energy consumption increased by about 8 percent between 2008 and 2009, according to the U.S. Energy Information Administration. In 2009, electricity from renewable resources contributed about 8 percent of the country’s total energy demand and 10 percent of the country’s total electricity generation. The United States has fallen to second place behind China in total renewable energy consumption due to China’s recent massive additions of hydroelectric production. However, the U.S. consumes the most renewable energy from sources other than hydropower, twice as much as Germany and more than three times as much as Spain, according to the EIA’s Annual Energy Outlook 2010.
HOW OLD ARE U.S. POWER PLANTS?
Replacing incandescent lightbulbs with energy-efficient compact fluorescent lightbulbs makes a difference.
Readers Conserve Their Electricity in Multiple Ways
Age of Power Plants Affects Future of Electricity Generation in U.S.
The current fleet of electric power generation plants across the United States has a wide range of ages. Gas plants tend to be newer than the oil- and coal-fired plants. Wind farms are a newer addition to the capacity mix. In general, about 530 gigawatts or 51 percent of the electric capacity available in 2010 was at least 30 years old, according to the U.S. Energy Information Administration. The generation stations owned by Colorado’s electric co-op power supplier, Tri-State Generation and Trans24 out of the mission, tend to fall into that category with five out of 25 oldest U.S. power six stations having been built in the 1970s and 1980s. The age of power plants is important as power facilities are hydrosuppliers plan for the future and for new regulations power plants that that will require changes. There is concern that many power plants will be closed rather than updated to were built over 60 meet the new standards. Fewer power plants means less electricity available at a time when demand for years ago. electricity is still growing.
COAL-CONNECTED JOBS Coal is mined in 25 states in the U.S. and is responsible for 154,000 direct jobs and more than 400,000 indirect jobs, according to a study by PricewaterhouseCoopers.
ColoradoCountryLife.coop 12 March 2012
In February we asked what readers were willing to do to cut energy use, and we heard from many people who have already trimmed their usage. They have reduced the number of lightbulbs in their home and have replaced incandescent bulbs with compact fluorescent bulbs. They are living in cooler homes this winter and have cut back on watching television. Others have changed their routines when it comes to washing dishes and washing and drying clothes. Energy conservation is a way of life for many of our readers.
March’s question for readers: What is one advantage of being a member of your electric co-op? Answer at email@example.com
The electric co-op newsletter Innovations in Energy is looking for subscribers. Simply send your name and email address to mneeley@ coloradocountrylife.org for your free subscription. Last month, the wrong email address was listed. We apologize.
ColoradoCountryLife.coop March 2012 13
HIGHER POWER COSTS ON THE HORIZON Growing demand and environmental regulations stress electric rates for electric utilities CRAIG STATION In 2002, Tri-State Generation and Transmission embarked on its largest environmental project upgrade in its 50-year history at Craig Station, a $121 million, multi-year retrofit to Units 1 and 2 to address opacity concerns and the mitigation of particulate matter. Environmental controls at the station include a wet limestone scrubber system that removes 90 percent of the sulfur dioxide produced for Units 1 and 2; a dry lime system used for Unit 3; a fabric-filter baghouse that collects 99 percent of fly ash; state-of-the-art lownitrogen-oxide burners and over-fired air that reduce the formation of nitrogen dioxide; and a continuous 24-hour emissions-monitoring system that ensures that flue gas
ColoradoCountryLife.coop 14 March 2012
BY MEGAN MCKOY-NOE, CCC
Thirty-five years ago disco was king, personal computers were born and Americans needed more electricity. To meet this demand, not-for-profit, consumer-owned electric cooperatives, in partnership with their wholesale power suppliers, built or invested in power plants, mostly coal or nuclear. Unfortunately, many of these plants may be forced to make expensive changes to meet increasing environmental regulations, and as electric demand climbs again, new generation will be needed to keep the lights on. Some coal-fired power plants may require modifications so severe that it will be more cost effective to simply shut them down.
Accelerating factors Consumers, adding more plugged-in devices daily, already pay more for electricity. The average annual residential electric bill has risen $263.40 since 2005, with electricity use outpacing efficiency efforts. Despite the recession, U.S. homes on average used an additional 50 kilowatt-hours every month between 2009 and 2010; retail electricity sales rose 4.4 percent. Americans arenâ€™t the only people using more power; as worldwide energy use grows, resource competition (and prices) shoot up. By 2035, global energy consumption, primarily in China and India, will jump 53 percent from 2008 levels. In spite of increasing energy needs, 37,600 megawatts of older coal-fired power plants are slated for retirement by 2018. The North American Electric Reliability Corporation, the Atlanta, Georgia-based organization charged with overseeing reliability of the electric grid covering the United States, most of Canada and the Mexican state of Baja California Norte, predicts a worstcase scenario where environmental regulations may force coal plants generating up to 54,000 MW of additional power to shut their doors by 2018. New power plants could offset this loss, with natural gas taking center stage. The National Energy Technology Laboratory, a branch of the U.S. Department of Energy focused on advancing national, economic, and energy security, predicts 20,000 MW of natural gas facilities will start operating this year, with another 28,000 MW proposed for 2013. A strong breeze from wind project proposals may add 42,000 MW this year and 28,000 MW in 2013, but only if federal production tax credits continue. Shifting fuel focus While about 50 percent of the nationâ€™s electricity comes from burning coal, co-ops rely more heavily on the fossil fuel with approximately 80 percent of co-op electricity coming from coal. Why the difference? The majority of co-op coal power plants were built between 1975 and 1986, when using natural gas was prohibited by the federal Powerplant and Industrial Fuel Use Act. Now, a series of U.S. Environmental Protection Agency regulations impacting cooling water intake structures, coal ash disposal, interstate transport of air pollutants and hazardous air
pollutants like mercury are affecting all electric utilities. In most cases, co-ops will need to retrofit coal-fired plants with costly pollution control equipment; in others, co-ops could opt for early plant retirements. “Time is tight: Improvements take time and new technologies have to be tested before going mainstream,” says Kirk Johnson, senior vice president of government relations for the National Rural Electric Cooperative Association, the Arlington, Virginia-based service organization for electric cooperatives. “We’re deeply concerned that EPA’s strategy to require significant change within very compressed timelines may be unachievable and could damage the economy of rural America and affect service reliability,” he says. Seeing the handwriting on the wall, co-ops have taken action. Over the last decade, power supply co-ops have invested $3.4 billion to boost plant perfor-
mance and limit emissions. In fact, since 1990, power plant emissions of nitrogen oxides and sulfur dioxides — compounds formed by burning fossil fuels — dropped at least 67 percent nationally even as electricity use climbed 38 percent. And the large-scale expenditure isn’t over. Another $4 billion has been slated for upgrades through 2021, with the bulk of the money — $2.18 billion — marked for work this year and next.
Regulation risks “Environmental regulations are shown to be the number one risk to [maintaining electric] reliability over the next one to five years,” reports NERC’s 2011 LongTerm Reliability Assessment. Why the concern? Because steps required by EPA rules have the potential to cost the industry billions of dollars and don’t provide enough time to comply. “Regulation on top of regulation, and court decision on top of court decision,
have compounded the situation to the point that we now have contradictory regulations and court decisions that don’t make any sense,” explains NRECA CEO Glenn English. “Our nation needs to adopt a balanced, commonsense approach to environmental protection that factors in electric reliability and affordability.” NRECA has been actively urging EPA through comments, testimony and litigation to consider the negative impacts of increased electric power costs on consumers as it continues to move forward with its rule making. Electric cooperatives are leading the way to find affordable solutions to America’s electricity demand. Find out how you can help at www.ourenergy.coop. Megan McKoy-Noe writes on consumer and cooperative affairs for the National Rural Electric Cooperative Association, the Arlington, Virginia-based service arm of the nation’s electric cooperatives.
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HOUNDS ColoradoCountryLife.coop 16 March 2012
BY MARLENE GROVES
Think bloodhound and the image of a dog with its nose to the ground following a scent immediately comes to mind. You think of police departments and crimes solved thanks to a dog’s nose. And those images are of a working dog that does its thing when called on and then, maybe, quietly waits somewhere to be called on again. Bloodhounds are so much more than that. They make great family pets and are active outdoor-loving dogs. They are also fun to show. My husband always wanted a bloodhound. He looked for one back in 1980, but that resulted in us getting a basset hound. Fast forward several years to when the kids are grown and we are living on a ranch in Elbert County, northeast of Colorado Springs, and my husband is even more determined to get a bloodhound. Many who are only familiar with the television image of a bloodhound with its nose to the ground ask why a bloodhound? Think about it. Bloodhounds are big. The females can be about 90 pounds or more and 24 to 25 inches at the shoulder. Males weigh up to 135 pounds and can be 29 inches at the shoulder. At that size, their tails are perfectly able to knock any glass off a coffee table or break a glass cabinet door. And they eat a lot, at least twice a day. And there is their nose. It will drive them to the kitchen counter where they can easily snag any unguarded meal. And, oh yeah, there is that drool. A bloodhound does drool all of the time and when the dog shakes its head, the drool flies everywhere. With that type of information, who would consider a bloodhound? Once you meet a bloodhound, you understand, especially if you are a big-dog person (meaning a person who likes large dogs). How can you not like this dog that goes from noble and dignified one minute to a total comic character the next? For me, and others, it’s a “touchy-feely” thing. I touched a bloodhound and I liked it — the soft excess skin and those lovely long ears. And then when you rub its ears, it doggie purrs like a kitten. (It’s not really a purr; it’s more like a grumbly-rumbly moan.) We were ready for a bloodhound. We have always had and loved dogs, so we were prepared for all of the ways life changes when you add a puppy or dog to your family. But who knew we could be so taken with this one breed of dog. We became totally hooked on bloodhounds once we finally got one. Why is that? Sometimes the best way to explain bloodhound
People think of bloodhousnds as tracking dogs, but they also make great pets.
personalities, traits and behaviors is to tell people about our particular bloodhounds, so here goes. Our first bloodhound was Marshall. Sadly he only lived about two years, as he had some health problems. But he was an affectionate bloodhound even though he was rather scrawny compared to the American Kennel Club’s bloodhound standard for the breed. After Marshall we got Hunter and Sassy. Our older male, Hunter, is absolutely the smartest dog we have ever had. He is a bloodhound with high problem-solving abilities. For example, gate latches and doorknobs were problems for him. They kept him in or out. So, he studied them until he figured out the gate latch is pushed up to open the gate and lever door handles are pushed down to open doors. Needless to say we had to change our gate latches and our door handles to make them dog proof. Hunter is a true ranch dog, often spending his days with my husband, riding in the tractor and checking fences and animals. He is a bloodhound that does not allow animal intruders. If there are coyotes or foxes, he is not happy until they are chased off. And snakes are also not allowed. He will corner any snake and bellow his distinctive bloodhound bay until the snake is removed from “his” yard. Hunter is a wonderful bloodhound; but he is an example that not every dog you love should be bred. Hunter lacks some breed type characteristics and more importantly he lacks a good health history. So Hunter is happily neutered and living the good life at our Bloodhound Ranch. Our female bloodhound is Sassy. She is the most squishy and loveable dog anyone could have ever imagined. She is living therapy for us each day, bringing us nothing but love and joy. Okay if I am honest, she is also a huge attention hog and rather possessive of all doggie toys. Yes, she is a spoiled dog. She is a large female bloodhound, with good bone and substance, and she is “dripping with type,” meaning she is a good breed type with long ears, abundant skin and, well, drippy skin. A well-rounded bloodhound, Sassy is an American Kennel
[continued on page 18]
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THE WORKING EQUIPMENT OF A BLOODHOUND [continued from page 17]
Club and international champion, with her Canine Good Citizen designation, a Rally title and a trailing title. She is working on her obedience title. She is also temperament tested and approved for therapy work. But above all Sassy is an adored family pet. Bloodhounds can be sensitive, and Sassy is a good example of that. She has a great nose with an aversion to smelling dead things. This makes her great in discerning dead things, but her sensitive nature makes it something we don’t want her to have to do regularly. A true Sassy story: While traveling with Sassy through Texas, I stopped at a hotel/motel, which was something we had done quite often. It was just one night and, of course, I had to allow Sassy potty time. As I walked her, I did not understand Sassy’s behavior. She refused to walk in a certain area or by a parked truck and trailer. I was actually a little frustrated, thinking, “Come on; what’s the big deal?” The next morning while I was checking out of the hotel, I heard the night clerk exchanging information with the day clerk. The first clerk said something about a strange client who checked in last night. Apparently, he was transporting a dead body. Yep, this was the truck and trailer Sassy refused to be around. From that day forward I was a better bloodhound owner as I understood that there are things that bloodhounds (all dogs really) smell and know that people just don’t understand. We also have a young bloodhound male, Sebastian. He is pretty much a regular at the Colorado dog shows, and he has some big paws to fill with a famous half-sister, Kiss, who is the number one bloodhound in the country. Sebastian has a marvelous example of a bloodhound head, which is narrow in proportion to its length and has a visible occipital peak (the little top knot bump on a bloodhound’s head). Of course, a bloodhound head is an instrument for scenting. The long ears sweep the scent up and toward the large nose and nostrils while the excess skin holds the scent near. Even the drool of a bloodhound enhances any scents the bloodhound picks up. Bloodhounds were bred and designed to be scenting
For additional bloodhound information, visit: American Bloodhound Club www.bloodhounds.org South Central Bloodhound Club www.southcentralbloodhounds.org Official Colorado Bloodhound Rescue www.southcentralbloodhounds.org/rescue.html
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• EXCESS SKIN wrinkling around the face holds and focuses the scent • EYES are nearly blocked from any visual distractions • LONG SNOUT allows more olfactory (scent) receptors • LARGE NOSTRILS let the scent touch the scent receptors • LONG EARS actually sweep up the scent.
and trailing dogs, so a working bloodhound could be required to follow a trail for a good portion of a day. Therefore, besides needing a good bloodhound head, bloodhounds need a good heart and good lungs. They also need good legs and feet. Sebastian has all of these characteristics and good bone, good musculature and wonderfully “knuckled up” feet. He spends many of his days on the move, running and chasing birds, butterflies and even bees so he seems to have a good heart and lungs. But how do we really know if our dogs have healthy hearts? We have them tested, relying on a veterinary cardiologist who gives our bloodhounds echocardiograms. Bloodhounds should also have their hips and elbows tested. An X-ray should be taken and sent in for evaluation and certification. There are many other optional tests for bloodhounds, but the basic health testing requirements cover heart, hips and elbows. A healthy dog will be a happy dog. As a big dog, a bloodhound will also do best with a large yard and a good strong fence. It is a breed that is perfect for where we live now at what has become Bloodhound Ranch. Marlene Groves is a retired business consultant and a member of several dog clubs. She is a current board member for the South Central Bloodhound Club and the treasurer for the Colorado Federation of Dog Clubs. She and her husband raise buffalo, but they also have a passion for their bloodhounds. Learn more at www.bloodhoundranch.com.
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Flavorful, Fetching Fare Tastes your dog will thank you for
BY AMY HIGGINS || AHIGGINS@COLORADOCOUNTRYLIFE.ORG RECIPE RESOURCES Dig up some delicious ideas from all over the globe on Allrecipes.com, a recipe resource for cooks of all skill levels. You can read reviews, suggestions and articles, and post your own recipes if you’d like.
Whipping up delicious meals for the family could be common practice in your home, but you might be forgetting about an important member: your beloved canine. It’s amazing how many pet-friendly recipes are out there, many of which can be prepared with ingredients currently in your cupboard. So, instead of picking out a prepackaged treat for your pup, pull out the measuring cups and get cooking. Bullwrinkle.com offers more than 70 recipes on its website. Here are a couple to get you started:
Bowwow Bonbons 1 large apple 1/4 cup honey 1/2 cup water 1/2 teaspoon cinnamon 1 cup oatmeal 1 1/2 cups whole wheat flour 1/8 cup whole wheat flour
FOOD FOR THOUGHT There are several “people” foods your pet can safely consume, but there are also many deadly ones. Foods like grapes, chocolate and walnuts are commonly listed food items considered dangerous or deadly to pets. For more information on dangerous food items for pets, visit Healthypet. com.
Preheat oven to 350 degrees. Core, slice and mince the apple. In a large bowl, combine the minced apple, honey, water, cinnamon and oatmeal. Gradually blend in the wheat flour, adding enough to form a stiff dough. In a small bowl, add 1/8 cup wheat flour. Spoon the dough by rounded teaspoon onto ungreased baking sheets, spacing about 2 inches apart. To prevent sticking, dip the bottom of a glass in the wheat flour and then flatten each spoonful of dough. Bake for 30 minutes. Remove from oven and flip each cookie. Reduce oven temperature to 325 degrees. Bake for an additional 30 minutes. Let cool overnight. Makes 3 dozen large dog treats.
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For more healthy snacks for your pet, visit colorado countrylife.coop. Click on Recipes.
Fido’s Favorite Treats 1 cup rolled oats 1/3 cup margarine or butter 1 cup boiling water 3/4 cup cornmeal 1 tablespoon sugar 2 teaspoons chicken or beef instant bouillon 1/2 cup milk 1 cup shredded cheddar cheese 1 egg, beaten 2 cups white or wheat flour Preheat oven to 325 degrees. Grease cookie sheet. Combine rolled oats, margarine and water in a large bowl; let stand for 10 minutes. Stir in cornmeal, sugar, bouillon, milk, cheese and egg. Mix well. Add flour 1 cup at a time, mixing well after each addition to form a stiff dough. On a floured surface, knead in remaining flour until dough is smooth and no longer sticky. Roll or pat out dough to 1/2-inch thickness; cut with cookie cutter. Place 1 inch apart on cookie sheet. Bake for 35 to 45 minutes or until golden brown. Cool completely. Store loosely covered. Makes 3 1/2 dozen treats.
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The Root of the Matter
Learn about sustainable gardening in Colorado over the phone BY EVA ROSE MONTANE || WWW.XERISCAPEGARDENS.COM
Gardening in Colorado’s high and dry climate doesn’t have to be difficult. In fact, it can be just as gorgeous, colorful and uncomplicated as gardening in other “gentler” climates. On March 20, you can call in to a new tele-series that will feature dry climate gardening experts sharing their real life experiences and expertise on how to work with nature in the interior West. The problems Do any of these statements describe your experience? • The soil in your backyard is so clay-like you could use it on a potter’s wheel. • The only plants that grow for you are considered noxious weeds. • Your xeriscape isn’t supposed to need an elaborate irrigation system, but when you water by hand the water runs off, never soaking into the soil. • You diligently do everything you’ve been told and your plants still don’t thrive. • You successfully nurse your new plants through their first season, but then they perish over the winter. • You need to water your compost heap regularly to get it to do more than sit there for years, unchanged. • Your xeric plants rot. • You successfully grew your favorite plants elsewhere, but in Colorado they never take off. The series This speakers series will teach you the secrets to gardening in our dry climate, saving you from years of trial and error. These experts will help you save time, toil and hundreds or even thousands of dollars in amendments that don’t work and plants that won’t make it. The best part is you can listen at home for free. In this series, speakers will share suggestions and advice so you can come to realize that gardening in Colorado is
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Thriving gardens in Colorado: With a simple call, learn how to do it with fewer inputs of amendments, water and time.
just as wonderful as it is anywhere else in the world. The high-country West boasts amazing landscape vistas, but unique environmental challenges for gardeners. The good news is that we see gardens thriving, many successfully mirroring the countryside’s natural splendor. These speakers will discuss in length the many coveted plants that prefer these climatic conditions over the soggy coasts and humid midlands. Colorado gardeners have their share of trials and triumphs, but you’ll learn some tricks from these experts that will make you wonder why it ever seemed so difficult. The intent of this series is to illustrate that gardening can bring you more joy than frustration. You’ll take pride in the renewed beauty of your garden beds as you reclaim the gardening paradise we truly live in here in Colorado. This series will be held twice per
week and is accessible from your own home telephone. A recording will be posted on the website for 24 hours following each speaker in the event you’re unable to listen live. If you’d like to participate in this free tele-series, learn more or just see the list of speakers and their topics, visit abundantearthgardens.com/speakerseries.Even though you must participate by telephone or online, you can register online. Join these experts to learn what it means to work with Colorado’s nature instead of against it. Eva Rose Montane is a garden designer, writer and educator in Durango.
Read more gardening advice at coloradocountrylife.coop. Click on Living in Colorado and then Gardening.
So much more than lawn cover BY KATIE LAMAR JACKSON
To many people, grass is dense, green coverage for the yard. In fact, there are many varieties of grass that can be used for so much more — to accent landscapes and patios; to add color, texture and sound to the garden.
Think pampas, big and little bluestem, prairie dropseed, cord, porcupine, fountain, feather and hair grasses … the names alone suggest the fabulous array of options available for planting, many of which have the added advantage of being native to an area and, thus, environmentally responsible choices. Not only are ornamental grasses beautiful, they are also easy to grow and maintain. Give them a home in well-drained soil and sufficient room to grow and they will be happy with hardly any fertilizer or irrigation and only a bit of maintenance. And some grow with little moisture. Colorado garden centers and nurseries have increased the availability of xeriscape grasses that grow with little or no supplemental water. Among the shorter types, blue fescue is popular for its mounds of bright green and blue grass. Native sideoats grama, sand lovegrass and Junegrass are also good garden grasses. To find just the right ornamental grass, begin by assessing the area where it will be used. Determine the lighting and moisture available, then think about what size of plant will work best in that spot. Ornamental grasses range from low-growing ground covers to giant, towering clumps and come in a wide range of colors and textures. So the only limit is imagination and space. Using only native plants may narrow the options a bit, but there should still be plenty to choose. Once the grasses are in the ground, keep them well watered and tended until they become established, then sit back and enjoy — no mower needed.
Don’t just dream of getting your business in front of a quarter million readers each month … advertise in Colorado Country Life. Call Kris today at 303-902-7276 for rates and information on special sections
Watch for an educational section in the June Colorado Country Life. To advertise in the section call Kris at 303-902-7276 ColoradoCountryLife.coop March 2012 23
A Bug-Friendly Garden Creating a foundation for the future BY KATIE LAMAR JACKSON
Bugs (insects, to be more scientifically correct) are often considered foes in the garden and landscape. To Doug Tallamy, however, they are gifts to our ecosystems. Tallamy, an entomologist and a professor and chairman of the University of Delaware’s entomology and wildlife ecology department, has demonstrated through his research and experience in his own backyard that nurturing the right insects is a good thing for plants and the environment. His research on how plants and insects interact and the impact of nonnative plants on insect populations was field tested when he and his wife, Cindy, bought land in Pennsylvania in 2000. They spent several years eliminating invasive and nonnative plants from their property and replacing those alien plants with native species. Then they recorded the changes in the insect and animal populations that visited there. Today, their land is a haven for butterflies, bees, beetles and other insects that attract birds, reptiles, amphibians and many other species, some of which are facing declining populations and possible extinction. As Tallamy began sharing the story of his research and personal experience with community groups, audience members often asked for “how to” information. So he decided to write a pamphlet, which quickly became a book titled Bringing Nature Home: How Native Plants Sustain Wildlife in Our Gardens (Timber Press). According to Tallamy, biodiversity is in serious decline for a variety of reasons, including urbanization and the loss of natural habitats. As a result, whatever green space is left needs to nurture a diverse array of organisms, from fungi and bacteria in the soil to plants, insects and birds. Beyond supporting a healthy ecosystem, such diversity is critical to humans, who — whether they realize it or not — depend on biodiversity for their own survival. Unfortunately, the way many people
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Every time we use an alien plant when we could have used a native, biodiversity is lost. garden today does not promote a hospitable environment for diverse species. “People don’t realize that the way we have simplified our landscapes has played a big role in the loss of biodiversity,” Tallamy said. But Tallamy believes that those same gardens can be transformed to support biodiversity without giving up the aesthetics of a beautiful landscape or without going completely native. “Increasing the percentage of natives in your garden is a good goal to start with, and should generate feelings of accomplishment rather than guilt,” said Tallamy. “Every time we use an alien plant when we could have used a native, biodiversity is lost. It is up to the individual gardener to decide how to deal with this trade-off,” he said. “I always say the more native plants the better, and as you increase the percentage of natives in your yard, you are providing more food and raising the carrying capacity of your yard.”
A SUNNY DISPOSITION
Download CREA’s NEW 2012 Legislative Directory app for your iPad or iPhone
Open a window on warmth BY JAMES DULLEY
What is the most efficient option in creating a mini sunroom with a tight budget?
Visit iTunes to download the app The Colorado Rural Electric Association has published its 2012 Legislative Directory. Paper copies are available for $1 each by calling 303-455-4111. You can also download the Legislative Directory as an app on your Apple device for $9.99. Have legislators’ names, phone numbers, email addresses, websites and more at your fingertips.
Did you know that you could get a Colorado Country Life subscription for $9 in-state and $15 out-of-state? Just call the nice people at CCL at 303455-4111.
You know my sister lives in Arizona and would really like to read about home. I will get her a subscription for her birthday. Thanks for the great gift idea.
Creating a bow or bay window, sometimes called the “poor man’s sunroom,” can actually provide some of the benefits of an authentic sunroom at a lower cost. Even though it costs considerably less than adding a small sunroom, installing an efficient bow or bay window is still not an inexpensive home improvement project. The basic difference between bow and bay windows is a bow window is made of four or more narrow window panels while a bay window is made from three window panels. More window panels creates a more circular appearance. A bay window may be slightly more efficient than a bow window because there are fewer joints and seams to be sealed between the window panels, but the difference in energy efficiency and durability is not significant. In addition to high-quality glass, look for a window that has insulation in the seat board and the top. This saves energy and improves your comfort near the window. If you are replacing an older window, a new bow or bay window will be more efficient and reduce your utility bills, regardless of which design you choose. By including the utility bills savings with the increase in your home’s resale value, you should be able to recover most of the cost over a reasonable time period.
For more information on creating a mini sunroom, visit coloradocountrylife.coop. Click on Energy Tips then on Energy Tips.
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Wild turkey population thrives, thanks to groups’ efforts BY DENNIS SMITH|| OUTDOORS@COLORADOCOUNTRYLIFE.ORG
According to experts, there are now more wild turkeys strutting about the forests, river bottoms and mountains of the continent than at any time in our history. While state wildlife agencies played a necessary role in this achievement, much of the credit for the outstanding success of the wild turkey recovery programs can be directly attributed to the efforts, dedication, financial assistance and relentless determination of nonprofit, volunteer sportsmen’s organizationsm most notably the National Wild Turkey Federation. Founded in 1973 in Edgefield, South Carolina, the NWTF has raised more than $331 million to conserve or restore nearly 16 million acres of habitat benefitting not only wild turkeys but also hundreds of other species of upland wildlife, including quail, deer, grouse, pheasants, songbirds and furbearers. Considering there were only an estimated 1.3 million wild turkeys in North America when the NWTF was founded and that there are more than 7 million wild turkeys today, the NWTF’s recovery and restoration accomplishments could arguably be considered the greatest conservation success story in North America’s wildlife history. Cumulatively, the NWTF boasts more than 550,000 members in 50 states plus Canada, Mexico and 14 foreign countries. It supports scientific wildlife management on both public and corporate lands and promotes wild turkey hunting as a traditional North American sport. Last year, $5,000 of NWTF money was used locally to enhance the large-scale habitat projects in Colorado game management units 57, 58 and 86. To date, the Colorado Top of the World chapter has treated more than 1,000 acres of Bureau of Land Management land, and in 2011 sponsored a Wheelin’ Sportsmen’s event for physically disabled hunters at Canterbury Ranch and a guided youth hunt at Oswald Ranch. The chapter participated in a variety of other worthwhile outdoor programs, such as Women in the Out-
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doors and JAKES, a curriculum for young hunters. Obviously, the chapter more than just talk turkey; it walks the talk. And in grand style. It has much to strut about. In keeping with the NWTF’s fundraising tradition, the Top of The World Chapter — representing Salida, Buena Vista, Leadville, Howard and Cotopaxi — is hosting its 14th annual banquet and auction on Saturday, March 10 at the Chaffee County Fairgrounds in Poncha Springs. The public is invited to join members for an evening of fun, raffles, auctions, games and dinner. The door opens at 4:30 p.m., the dinner begins at 6 p.m. and the auc-
The Merriam’s subspecies shown here is the only wild turkey species native to Colorado. It is most commonly found in foothill, ponderosa and piñon juniper environments.
tion follows immediately afterward. There will be drawings and prizes for the kids, so bring them along. Bid on shotguns and turkey-hunting accessories as well as fine art and sculptures created by some of America’s foremost wildlife artists. Find out what a Golden Gobbler is and give your kids a chance to win a private ranch guided turkey hunt for 2012. The banquet has sold out in the past so call immediately. Seating will be limited to 250. For details and banquet tickets, contact Pete Sar-daczuk (pronounced Sarda-chuck) at 719-942-5037 or firstname.lastname@example.org.
Miss an issue? Catch up at www.coloradocountrylife.coop. Click on Outdoors.
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[classifieds] TO PLACE A CLASSIFIED AD Please type or print your ad on a separate paper. Indicate how many months you would like your ad to run and which month to start. There is a minimum of 12 words at $1.63 per word/month. Be sure to include your full name and address for our records. Check MUST accompany this order or call to pay by credit card. Send your ad to: mail: Colorado Country Life 5400 N. Washington St., Denver, CO 80216 phone: 303-902-7276 fax: 303-455-2807 email: email@example.com
ANTIQUES AT THE ABBEY — Sale and Show, May 5-6, Abbey in Cañon City, 2951 E Hwy 50, Saturday 9-5, Sunday 10-4, Admission $3, no charge 14 and under. Glass grinder on duty for repairs to your chipped glass. Go on a treasure hunt seeking all things worth remembering plus so much more, from vintage clothing and jewelry to artwork, memorabilia, toys, furniture, retro, just to mention a few of the fabulous finds waiting for you. Info: Jo Peterson 719-5961022 (510-03-12) CHAIR CANING, hand caning, machine caning, fiber rush caning. Pueblo West, 719-547-0723. firstname.lastname@example.org (858-04-13) FURNITURE RESTORATION. Quality craftsmanship since 1974. Bayfield, CO, www.antiqueresdurango. com 970-884-1937. Prompt service, guaranteed repairs. (988-04-12)
BLACKSMITHING BASICS for the Homestead. Well illustrated, easy to understand. Signed by the author. $18 includes shipping. www. delarondeforge.com DeLaRonde Forge, PO #1190, Mancos, CO 81328 (010-03-12) IZZY AULD’s incredible e-Books. Download mysteries, intrigue, suspense, from Amazon or B&N, www.izzyauld.com (014-12-12) LET US PUBLISH your book! We can take your manuscript, design a cover, edit and format it, and print it. Check us out. Personalized service is our specialty. 719-7492126. www.peakvistapress.com (933-03-12)
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RODEO ROOTS to Modern-Day Cowboys is a fine, fun book about rodeo. Great gift! $20. Bulk order discounts. Call 303-455-4111 to order one today. (106-12-12)
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AVON sells – you earn big. Build sales via internet or local. Flexible hours. $10 start up. ISR. 719-5500242. (133-05-12) BUSY, FULL SERVICE, AUTO REPAIR workshop in SW Colorado. No competition. Est. 35 yrs. Retiring owner may carry. Solid investment, dependable staff, 6 bays, paint booth, offices. 1-970563-4500. Please ask for Joyce. (942-05-12) GET PAID TO PLAY THE LOTTERY, even if you never win. Visit our website today for more information. www.lottomagiconline. com/?S4465. (911-03-12) INDEPENDENT CONTRACTORS/ dealers. Complete range commercial restoration products. Free guide. Call Janice, 1-800-800-2844 www.andek.com Restores metal, flat roofs, etc. 573-489-9346 (856-03-12) K-LAWN – LAWN FERTILIZING business opportunity. Part-time seasonal work. Be your own boss. NOT a franchise. It’s YOUR business! Training by turf professionals. Superior quality products. Protected territory. Low startup costs. www.k-lawn.com. 800-4459116 (914-04-12)
LEGITIMATE WORK AT HOME opportunity. No sales, investment, risk. Training/website provided. Weekly/monthly income plus bonuses, benefits. Call Carrie 303-579-4207, www.workathome united.com/ourabundance (932-06-12) PIANO TUNING PAYS. Learn with American School home-study course. Tools included. Call for info. 800-497-9793. (158-01-13) ROOMY AND SPACIOUS in rooms and outside accommodations -- this motel has 14 rooms, beauty shop (rented), studio apartment, lovely owners’s quarters. Good Business. Many repeat guests every month. Nearly everything has been updated or replaced. Call Betty 719-263-4773 or cell 719-2511554 (025-04-12)
HEAVY DUTY CATTLEPENS. Portable or permanent; 32x45 working pen w/16’ crowding tub, $3,325. Call Kenneth 580-876-3699, www.cccattleequipment.com (882-04-12)
FREE BOOKS/DVDS. Soon the “Mark of the Beast” will be enforced as Church and State unite! Let the Bible reveal. The Bible Says, POB 99, Lenoir City, TN 37771. thebiblesaystruth@yahoo. com 888-211-1715. (814-04-12) FREE SERMON: What is the world’s age? Does original sin exist? No! Does God love all? No! Is there reincarnation? No! Sacramentarian Christian Assembly, 606 Pratt St., #602, Longmont, CO 80501-4946, 303-772-8825 (995-06-12)
START YOUR OWN BUSINESS – home/internet. Simply the highest quality candles/gifts/beauty. Enter free drawing. www.naturesbest. scent-team.com (831-05-12)
FREE SERMONS: • Myth of AntiChrist! • Myth of Secret Rapture! • Myth of Beast’s Mark! • Myth of Great Tribulation! Pastor Edwin Vrell, 606 Pratt St., #602, Longmont, CO 80501 (995-03-12)
50 SUBARUS! (1995-2011) Outbacks, Foresters, Imprezas, Tribecas & more! Great prices! One-year warranty! Dealer: www. MonumentMotors.com 719-4819900 (574-08-12)
CLOCK REPAIR & RESTORATION
DURANGO AREA. CLOCKS of all kinds repaired. Antique and modern. Clocks bought and sold. Call Robert 970-247-7729, bob.scott@ usa.net (109-05-12)
GRIGGS MASTERY ACADEMY: 10 Courses – 10 Books – 10 Months. Innovative professional development. www.griggsachieve.com (994-04-12)
EQUIPMENT & SUPPLIES
COMMERCIAL WEED and fire spray equipment. 307-660-8563 or visit us at www.oldwyomingbrand company.com (024-08-12)
NEED A LOAN? Members Federal Credit Union can help with your Auto, Home, Credit Card, and more! Visit www.mbrcu.com or call 303-755-2572. (965-03-12)
$400 WEEKLY ASSEMBLING PRODUCTS FROM HOME. For free information, send SASE: Home Assembly – CC, Box 450, New Britain, CT 06050-0450. EARN $75,000/yr PART TIME in the livestock or equipment appraisal business. Agricultural background required. Classroom or home study courses available. 800-4887570. www.amagappraisers.com (935-04-12)
HOBBIES & CRAFTS
AWARD WINNING LONG-ARM QUILTING — reasonable rates, quick turnaround. Karen Niemi, 303-470-9309, http://creative. stitching.home.comcast.net, email@example.com (846-08-12) BOOKS, PATTERNS, CLASSES, knitting, felting, crocheting, weaving, spinning, natural dye extracts, Jacquard and Gaywool dyes. www. tablerockllamas.com Colorado Springs, 866-495-7747 (791-05-12)
LOOKING TO REPLACE AMWAY PRODUCTS? Lose your distributor? I can ship to your home, no hassle, no salesman. Monika Cary 970-7242912. (982-03-12)
MACHINERY & PARTS
SAWMILL EXCHANGE: North America’s largest source of used portable sawmills and commercial equipment for woodlot owners and sawmill operations. Over 800 listings. THE place to sell equipment. 800-459-2148 www. sawmillexchange.com . (267-03-12)
LEARN TO PLAY GUITAR from the convenience of your own home. Fast, fun, and guaranteed. www. LearnGuitarCentral.com. (106-12-12)
FREE – 5 EXOTIC CHICKS or 3 ducks with 100 frypan special @ $36.95 plus shipping. Also Cornish Cross, standard breeds, fancy chicks, ducks, geese, turkeys, bantams, guineas, pheasants, quail, supplies, video. FREE COLOR CATALOG 417-532-4581. Cackle Hatchery – PO Box 529, Lebanon, MO 65536. www.cacklehatchery. com. (876-07-12)
CAÑON CITY – 35 ACRES, new 6-stall Morgan-built barn, attached 36x36 insulated shop with 2 baths, 3 corrals. Custom built home (2007) 3/4, metal roof, BLM views, wrap around deck – many extras! $555,000 719-275-2616 (026-03-12) GRAND JUNCTION HORSE FARM, 3130 A 1/2 Rd, 3550+ sq. ft. home on 14 acres. Newly remodeled, new central air, new boiler, new water heater, new roof, half brick ranch w/new vinyl siding. 5 bdrm, 3 1/2 bath, living room, dining room, large kitchen, large family room. New carpet/tile/wood floors. Full horse barn w/indoor stalls & outside runs. All steel fencing, arenas, loafing sheds on large pastures. Additional fencing around home & inground heated pool. RV building (50x28’), two large ponds, etc. Ginny 970-2609629, Terry 970-261-3001, Gtraudt@ edbozarth.com 3% to 6% to any REALTOR w/buyer (946-06-12) LAND WANTED — cash buyer looking to purchase 500-20,000 acres in Colorado. Will consider bailouts, foreclosures, joint ventures, condo/commercial projects. Will close quickly. Call Joe at Red Creek Land 719-543-6663. (648-04-12)
[funny stories] REAL ESTATE
ROCKY FORD 20 ACRE FARM with 2 houses: 1st, 4/1, enclosed porch, wood burning stove, 3 car garage, BIG RED BARN and shed. 2nd, modular, 3/2, gas fireplace, enclosed back porch, open front porch, 2 car garage and shed. 2 shares of highline canal, well and creek. Dan 303-995-2005 or dan@ afinc.net Will pay commission to realtor with buyer. (027-03-12) TURN-KEY CATTLE/HORSE ranch. NM-Col. border, 5 miles to Navajo Lake. 120 acres, 80 shares water ponds, springs, home, barns, 505872-2141, firstname.lastname@example.org (018-03-12)
BECOME AN ORDAINED Minister by correspondence study. Founded in 1988. Free info. Ministers for Christ Outreach, PMB 767, 6630 W Cactus, B107, Glendale, AZ 85304. http://www.ordination.org (441-06-12)
NFR & PBR RODEO TICKETS – Las Vegas. All seating levels available. Call 1-888-NFR-rodeo (1-888637-7633) or www.NFR-Rodeo. com. *BBB Member; Since 1990. (912-11-12)
WANTED TO BUY
OLD GAS AND OIL items: Gas pumps, advertising signs, globes, etc. Pieces, parts, etc. considered. Also 1932-34 Ford cars and trucks, parts and pieces too. Any condition. Brandon, 719-250-5721. (519-11-12)
KAUAI VACATION RENTAL, 2bdr, full kitchen. Minutes from beaches. $600/wk. 808-245-6500; makanacrest.com; kauaiweddings. com. (756-05-12)
OLD POCKET WATCHES – working or non-working and old repair material. Bob 719-859-4209 email@example.com. (870-06-12)
WANTED TO BUY
VINTAGE FISHING TACKLE. I buy rods, reels, lures, creels, etc. Call Gary at 970-222-2181 (960-06-12)
NAVAJO RUGS, old and recent, native baskets, pottery. Tribal Rugs, Salida. 719-539-5363, b_inaz@ hotmail.com (817-06-12) OLD COLORADO LIVESTOCK brand books prior to 1975. Call Wes 303-757-8553. (889-08-12) OLD COWBOY STUFF–hats, boots, spurs, chaps, Indian rugs, baskets, etc. ANYTHING OLD! Mining & railroad memorabilia, ore carts! We buy whole estates. We’ll come to you! Call 970-759-3455 or 970565-1256. (871-05-12)
WANT TO PURCHASE minerals and other oil/gas interests. Send details to: PO Box 13557, Denver, CO 80201. (402-02-13) WANTED DEAD OR ALIVE – ATV’s, UTV’s, motorcycles 719-404-3144. firstname.lastname@example.org (015-04-12)
Call Kris to advertise in Classifieds: 303-902-7276
NEED HELP GOING ‘GREEN’ THIS ST. PADDY’S DAY? Win one of these ‘green’ products: • Power Smart Wall Outlet This four-outlet adapter has two outlets that shut down when not in use; two outlets are always on • U-Socket This outlet adapter includes two USB ports • Designer CFL by Plumen This ultra-modern CFL looks stylish while saving energy
Visit Contest at coloradocountrylife.coop for how to enter to win.
An Irishman was terribly overweight, so his doctor put him on a diet. “I want you to eat regularly for two days, then skip a day, then eat regularly again for two days, then skip a day,” the doctor instructed. “Repeat this procedure for two weeks. You should have lost at least 5 pounds the next time I see you.” The next time he saw the Irishman, the doctor was shocked because he lost nearly 30 pounds. “That’s amazing!” the doctor said. “Did you follow my instructions?” The Irishman nodded and said, “I’ll tell you though, I thought I was going to drop dead on that third day.” “Because of the hunger?” the doctor asked. “No,” said the Irishman. “From the darn skipping!” Doris Achenbach, Collbran
A taxi driver and a pastor arrive at the Pearly Gates at the same time. A stretch limo pulls up, the driver steps out, drapes a beautiful silken robe on the taxi driver’s shoulders and helps him into the back of the limo. The pastor watches as the limo drives off and then pulls into the driveway of a huge mansion. The pastor thinks to himself, “Wow! If a taxi driver gets all of that, I can hardly imagine what’s coming my way!” But the next car to pull up is a Ford Pinto. The driver steps out of the car, tosses the keys and a terry cloth robe to the pastor and starts walking back toward the gates. “There must be some mistake,” the pastor exclaims. “I served the Lord faithfully for more than 40 years. That guy was a taxi driver. Are you sure there wasn’t a mix-up?” “I’m sure,” the driver says. “You see, while you worked, people slept. While he worked, people prayed.” Liz Ackerman, Cheyenne Wells
Our 3-year-old daughter stood watching as I nursed her baby sister. “Mommy, what’s the baby doing?” she asked. “She’s drinking milk,” I said. With a puzzled expression, she asked, “What’s in the other one? Orange juice?” Diane Kleinman, Pagosa Springs
We pay $15 to each person who submits a funny story that’s printed in the magazine. At the end of the year, we draw one name from those submitting jokes and that person will receive $150. Send your 2012 stories to Colorado Country Life, 5400 N. Washington St., Denver, CO 80216 or email funnystories@ coloradocountrylife.org. ColoradoCountryLife.coop March 2012 29
Hand Over the Reins
The LeashLocket is ideal for dog owners who want a convenient alternative to the standard leash. This retractable lead attaches to your dog’s collar as a lightweight fob ready to grab, release and go. There is no trying to clip a leash to an eager, jumping pup. The LeashLocket lead is nearly 6 feet long and comes in a small and large size — one for up to 55 pounds and the other up to 90 pounds. There is also an optional wrist strap. The Denver-based company sells the LeashLocket for around $25 and it comes in red, pink, black or blue. For more information, visit leashlocket. com.
[Canine Cookies ] Taste tested by Colorado Country Life hounds, these Colorado-made treats are sure to satisfy your pup.
SAVE WITH PET ASSURE Veterinarian care is costly, so it’s a nice surprise when you discover a company like Pet Assure. With Pet Assure, pet owners receive discounts on veterinarian medical services, pet products, lost pet recovery service and office visits. Any pet is covered for any medical service with no annual limit, the company touts. Everyone can sign up for Pet Assure, but Co-op Connections Card members receive a discounted rate of $7.95 per month or $79 per year. For more information, visit the Co-op Connections Card list on your local co-op website or petassure.com.
[The KONG Holds Strong]
Fill a super sturdy KONG with your dog’s favorite treat and keep your dog happy. These hollow rubber toys have been satisfying spirited canines throughout the world for more than 35 years. It started with a rock-chewing dog named Fritz and his frustrated owner, Joe Markham, who gave the dog a rubber suspension part from his Volkswagen van out of desperation. Fritz loved it and, after Markham made some revisions, the KONG came to be. Today, the Golden-based KONG Company manufactures a variety of durable products for dogs and even cats. KONG products are available at pet stores and online. Visit kongcompany.com.
ColoradoCountryLife.coop 30 March 2012
Zuke’s — Durango-based With Zuke’s all-natural treats, you can immediately smell the goodness simply by opening the resealable packaging. The texture in Clean Carrot Crunch Z-Bones helps clean dogs’ teeth while herbs like rosemary and parsley help freshen their breath. Peanut Butter Formula Power Bones are bite sized and loaded with ingredients to help fuel your active dog. Visit zukes.com.
Doggie Dips & Chips — Loveland-based Doggie Dips & Chips’ crunchy dog biscuits contain no preservatives, artificial colors or flavors, sugar or salt. Texas T-Bone biscuits are made with beef broth and barbecue sauce. Monkey Bars are filled with bananas, oatmeal and cinnamon. The company’s biscuits can be purchased prepackaged or direct from the store bakery. Visit doggiedipsand chips.com. Both companies’s dog treats were wag tested and slobber approved. Although completely different in aroma and appearance, all treats produced the same happy result, free of residual crumbs.