Page 1

402.3 // Portfolio

The Hard Food Centre& Youth Home

UP875035

Portsmouth, England // 402 Architectural Design - Synthesis F.C.Y.H//

to be read in conjunction with :402.2 - Design & Access Statement F.C.Y.H// 402.1 - Outline Brief


table of content

1. Site Introduction 2. The Hard Existing Masterplan 3. Client & Building Programme 4. Design Development 5. Proposed Building 6. Sustainability & Services


1.0//SITE INTRODUCTION

The Hard Food Centre & Youth Home // Portsea,Portsmouth

site information 1.1 Site Location

Site is located at western part of Portsmouth, called Portsea. The area was originally known as the “Common” and lay between the town of Portsmouth and the nearby transportation hub.

figure 1 : Portsmouth Key Plan

figure 2 : Portsea Location Plan

402.3 // Portfolio// 402 Architectural Design - Synthesis // The Hard Food Centre & Youth Home// Portsea,Portsmouth

03


SITE PLAN WITH CONTEXT


1.0//SITE INTRODUCTION

The Hard Food Centre & Youth Home // Portsea,Portsmouth

1.2 Site Surrounding The site is known as the Hard south according to Supplementary Planning Document (SPD) by Portsmouth City Council and it occupies a prominent location at the southern end of The Hard, opposite the pedestrian entrance to the Gunwharf Quays development. It is bounded to the east by residential properties, to the north by public car park and to the west by The Hard hub. 1) The Hard Interchange (THI) THI is a transportation hub that provides bus services, National Railway trainline and Ferry services. 2) Gunwharf Quay Gunwharf Quay is a mixed residential and commercial development. 3) Gunwharf Underpass A short tunnel-entrance leading in/out from Gunwharf Quay. 4) Neighbouring Residential Adjacent 2 storey terrace residential along the Victory Rd. 5) Spinnaker Tower The 170 meter tower landmark is situated next to Gunwharf Quay. 6) Row of Commercial lots Includes Convenient shops, public houses, post office, hotel, betting store etc. 7) Portsmouth Historic Dockyard A Navy historical museum located next to Portsmouth Naval Base. 8) Portsmouth Harbour Public transportation hub includes Train and Ferry services. 9) Car Park Existing Car Park that can be utilized for the proposed development.

figure 4 : Spinnaker Tower

figure 3 : The Hard

figure 5 : Gunwharf Quay Underpass

figure 6 : Gunwharf Quay

402.3 // Portfolio// 402 Architectural Design - Synthesis // The Hard Food Centre & Youth Home// Portsea,Portsmouth

figure 7 : The Hard Interchange 05


1.0//SITE INTRODUCTION

The Hard Food Centre & Youth Home // Portsea,Portsmouth

VIEWS

figure 8 : View A

figure 9 : View b

figure 10 : View c

figure 13 : View f

figure 12 : View e

figure 11 : View d

402.3 // Portfolio// 402 Architectural Design - Synthesis // The Hard Food Centre & Youth Home// Portsea,Portsmouth

06


1.0//SITE INTRODUCTION

The Hard Food Centre & Youth Home // Portsea,Portsmouth

1.4 Site Analysis Prominent Wind

Sun Path

Pedestrian /Cyclist

Zoning

Vehicular

402.3 // Portfolio// 402 Architectural Design - Synthesis // The Hard Food Centre & Youth Home// Portsea,Portsmouth

Figure Ground

View

Buildings Height

07


SITE SECTION A-A

SITE SECTION B-B


2.0 // EXISTING MASTERPLAN

The Hard Food Centre & Youth Home // Portsea,Portsmouth

1.5 Site Condition The triangular shaped site is dominated by the derelict 12 storey Brunnel House building that fronts The Hard (Figure 15). The site also comprises one public house and taxi office on the corner with College Street, which is currently still running in business, and one former commercial garage at the corner of Victory Road an ageing decked car park (2 storeys) at the rear of Brunel House. 1.6 Site SWOT Strength • Strategic Location - Next to Transportation Hub. • Highly Accessible - located along the main road. • Close Proximity to Public Facilities, Commercial, The Hard Transportation Hub. Weakness The existing derelict building is an eyesore and may give negative impression towards the people especially to the newcomers as the site is located next to the city gateway.

figure 14 : existing site surrounding

Opportunities Site could be use to accomodate a building that give benefit the government, client and local community. Threat Potential noise pollution coming from the main road, nearby railway and sea activities might affect the future user of the site.

2.0 Existing Masterplan

figure 15 : Brunel House image

figure 16 : PCC SPD For The Hard

• Vision of The Hard Masterplan The Vision set by Portsmouth City Council in the Supplementary Planning Document (SPD) June 2012 are to shape The Hard into a vibrant waterfront destination, building on its function as a key city gateway and its reputation as an area of historic character and charm. New passenger facilities, cultural opportunities and places to live, to work, to stay, to eat and to relax will enhance the experience of visitors and residents alike. The creation of a distinctive public realm will revitalise and transform the area. • The Hard South // The Proposed Site Currently, the strategic location of the site is not being fully utilized. The abandoned Brunel House not only an eyesore to the local people, it could potentially gave a bad impressions towards new visitors as the site is situated at the main gateway into Portsmouth City. This unused urban space should be used to accomodate building that has beneficial values towards the local government, the client and the local community. • Linking In With The Hard Masterplan In order to gain development consents from Portsmouth City Council, it is important to follow the criterias sets by PCC in the SPD for future development of The Hard South. The criterias are as followed :1. Significant opportunity for a mixed use development. 2. Incorporating a landmark building addresses both The Hard frontage and interchange area to the west. 3. Active ground floor uses will be extremely important in this location fronting The Hard. 4. Appropriate uses could include small scale retail (maximum 280 square metres per unit) serving the local community and tourism markets, cafés or restaurants. 5. The upper storeys could accommodate a hotel, conference centre, leisure uses or office suites. 6. An element of residential accommodation would also be acceptable on the upper floors.

figure 17 : The Hard Boundaries 7

402.3 // Portfolio// 402 Architectural Design - Synthesis // The Hard Food Centre & Youth Home// Portsea,Portsmouth

09


3.0 // CLIENT & BUILDING PROGRAMME

3.1 Client’s Ambition

The Hard Food Centre & Youth Home // Portsea,Portsmouth

3.2 Youth Homelessness

• About The Client & Their Mission Portsmouth City Council (PCC) will be the main funder and in collaboration with a non profit organisation, The Foyer Federation (TFF) with the main mission to achieve the vision for all young people to have a chance to realise their potential, build a thriving, independent and sustainable adulthood, and become a valuable asset to society. • About The Foyer Federation (TFF) The Foyer Federation was established with a sole purpose to help transforming the circumstances of young people who have faced barriers in their lives. The non profit organisation has a network of 120 accredited learning and accomodation worldwide known as ‘Foyers’. These Foyers provide up to 10,000 16-25 year olds per year with mutually agreed, tailor-made programmes which give the young people access to housing, learning, personal development, training and employment opportunities in line with their needs and goals. • Intergration across Government body, Non Profit Organisations and Communities In order to have an effective,reliable and sustainable building operation in a long run, a strong cooperation must be forged between Portsmouth City Council, The Client, other non profit organisations networking together with the help of local communities. This is to ensure the proposed building scheme can achieve the project mission. • The Foyer Federation Networking The non profit organisation that will heavily involved in running the programme after the proposed building has completed includes Portsmouth Food Bank and other networking partnership includes John Pounds Centre, Centre Point, Two Saints, Shelter, Crisis and other voluntary bodies.

figure 18 : Stakeholders Logos

• Homelessness in UK More than 300,000 people are now categorised as homeless in Britain after a spike in numbers in the last year. According to a study by a non profit body, Shelter, found that 307,000, or one in every 200, people are now either sleeping rough or in temporary accommodation. Although the figure has risen by 13,000 in the last year alone, Shelter said the partial nature of government data means the real number of homeless people is likely to be even higher.The number of homeless people nationally - including rough sleepers and those in temporary accommodation - will rise to 575,000 by 2041. London has the highest number of rough sleeper/ homeless with South East Region came second based on the study. (300,000 people in Britain are now homeless (2017, November 8), Independent. Retrieved from http://www.independent. co.uk)

• Effect to the Youth Public view homelessness as the result of personal failings or incompetent behavior, and if the economy is going well, there is no excuse for not getting on. Theoretical, historical and international perspectives indicate that the causation of homelessness is complex, with no single “trigger” that is sufficient for it to happen. Study has classified the causes of homelessness into two categories, Personal circumstances and Structural factors. These problem categories play a role – and interact with each other – and the balance of causes differs over time, across countries, and between demographic groups. 402.3 // Portfolio// 402 Architectural Design - Synthesis // The Hard Food Centre & Youth Home// Portsea,Portsmouth

10


3.0 // CLIENT & BUILDING PROGRAMME

The Hard Food Centre & Youth Home // Portsea,Portsmouth

3.3 Portsmouth Food Market & Cookery School • About the Proposal The proposal for the development of the site would be a mixed type use that includes Cookery Workshops, Student Accomodations, Food market, Food Bank, Food Growing Area and other related facilities. Key elements of the development :1. Cookery School Cookery school is a programme where students will be learning about cooking skills. The programme will be held in the cookery workshops. These workshops can be utilize for public programme where community based cooking classes can be held on the weekend.

• Project Aim The main aim of the project is to reduce number of youth homelessness and unemployment throughout UK, in a long run through the educational opportunities in cookery courses. This opportunity would hopefully help the youth community to achieve a better, positive and independent life after the completion of the course. The development would also improve the image of the site while creating a building that would make the site better in term of the existing cityscape, pedestrian connection, security, and activity.

2. Food Bank The Food Bank is to sustain the Cookery School programme by collecting donated food from various non profit organisations and local supermarkets before the supply will be use for the Cookery School. 3. Food Market Food Market consists of booths that promote and sells various type of cuisine. The booths will be run by the Cookery School students and also local businesses.

4. Student Accomodation The Student Living area consists of hostels and other common areas where the students will be staying throughout the course. The minimum length of stay would be 4-6 months and the maximum length would be 2 years. 5. Food Growing Area Food Growing Area serve as a space for the students to learn on growing their own vegetable as well as supplying the cookery programme.

• Target User (Cookery School Program) Young adult and adult ranging from 16 to 27 years old. • Length Of Stay Minimum stay: 4-6 months Maximum stay: 2 years

402.3 // Portfolio// 402 Architectural Design - Synthesis // The Hard Food Centre & Youth Home// Portsea,Portsmouth

11


3.0 // CLIENT & BUILDING PROGRAMME

The Hard Food Centre & Youth Home // Portsea,Portsmouth

3.4 Spatial Arrangement

3.5 Programme Relation

figure 19 : Spatial Diagram

402.3 // Portfolio// 402 Architectural Design - Synthesis // The Hard Food Centre & Youth Home// Portsea,Portsmouth

figure 20 : Programme Relation 12


4.0 // DESIGN DEVELOPMENT

figure 21 : Key Sketch 1

The Hard Food Centre & Youth Home // Portsea,Portsmouth

figure 22 : Key Sketch 2

figure 23 : Key Sketch 3

4.1 Initial Idea

The initial concept of the development is to create a mixed type building where the:- building plinth will have minimal structural design that would accomodate the busy nature of the site where it will allow the pedestrian to pass through the building - the public spaces/realms are allocated on that particular level. - middle section of the building will be allocated for cookery school programme. - private student community of the cookery school programme will live at the top of the building. - lower level of the building will have 2-3 storey high void to create a ‘comfortable’ and spacious public realm - open to public.

figure 24 : Key sketch 4

402.3 // Portfolio// 402 Architectural Design - Synthesis // The Hard Food Centre & Youth Home// Portsea,Portsmouth

13


4.0 // DESIGN DEVELOPMENT

The Hard Food Centre & Youth Home // Portsea,Portsmouth

4.2 Design/Structural Exploration The followings are Key Design Stages and Progress prior to the Final Outcome. Week 2-3 The key design concepts during this stage:- The idea of minimize building footprint on the plinth level. - Structural cores are placed in a grid system where all the spaces and rooms are revolve around these cores. - The creation of structural cores allows the ground floor be “free” and allows pedestrian to walk through the building. - The levelling difference of the Spaces create unique visual connection. - The rectangular structures are too big and will create a lot of blank walls on the ground floor.

Week 4-5 The key design concepts during this stage:- Allign with the same core idea from previous week. - Explore wooden Lattice Structure frame as a substitution of the previous heavy structural cores. - Precedent 1 : Kengo Kuma’s Sake No Hana, UK. - Precedent 2 : Kengo Kuma’s Yusuhara Townhall, Japan. figure 26 : Sake No Hana, UK

figure 27 : Yusuhara Townhall, Japan

figure 25 : Week 2-3 Design

402.3 // Portfolio// 402 Architectural Design - Synthesis // The Hard Food Centre & Youth Home// Portsea,Portsmouth

figure 29 : Week 4-5 Design 14


4.0 // DESIGN DEVELOPMENT

The Hard Food Centre & Youth Home // Portsea,Portsmouth

Week 5-6 (Interim 1) The key design concepts during this stage:- Continuation of the exploration from previous week. - Enable less structural footprint for the ground floor but the wooden lattice structure creates complication in term of supporting with heavy upper building part.

figure 31 : Interim 1 Key Section

figure 30 : Interim 1 Design

402.3 // Portfolio// 402 Architectural Design - Synthesis // The Hard Food Centre & Youth Home// Portsea,Portsmouth

15


4.0 // DESIGN DEVELOPMENT

The Hard Food Centre & Youth Home // Portsea,Portsmouth

Week 7 The key design concepts during this stage:- Exploration of new structure based on the interim review feedback. - Precedent 3 - Toyo Ito’s Sendai Mediatechque - The “Tube” is a lattice structural columns where the technology can be well integrated with R.C. Structure. - The “Tube” not only allows less structural footprint while supporting the top floor, but it would allow natural lighting to penetrate into the ground floor.

Week 8-9 ( Interim 2) The key design concepts during this stage:- The number for the “Tube” is reduced and the focus is to use the Tubes as a way to only support the upper roof garden. - Conventional R.C. Structure will be used for the Main Building to suit its simple rectangular form.

figure 32 : Sendai Mediatechque

figure 33 : Designing Tube Structure using Grasshopper Software

figure 34 : Week 7 Design

402.3 // Portfolio// 402 Architectural Design - Synthesis // The Hard Food Centre & Youth Home// Portsea,Portsmouth

figure 36 : Sketch Section

figure 35 : Interim 2 Design 16


4.0 // DESIGN DEVELOPMENT

The Hard Food Centre & Youth Home // Portsea,Portsmouth

Final The key design concepts during this stage:- Complication to create a uniform language between the previous “Tube” and the main building. - The “Tube” is simplified and based on a precedent study of Helsinki Pavilion by Aalto University. - Precedent 4 : World Design Capital Helsinki 2012 Pavilion by Aalto University - The new structure follows the Main Building gridline.

2_LIGHTWEIGHT STEEL STRUCTURE

1_REINFORCED CONCRETE STRUCTURE / MAIN BUILDING

Precedent Studies The triangle-shaped grate structure was inspired by The World Design Capital Helsinki 2012 Pavilion by Aalto University which provide a playful light which sweeps over the inner spaces as the day passes.

Figure 36 & 37 : Triangular shaped grate roofing The World Design 402.3 // Portfolio// 402 Architectural Design - Synthesis // The Hard Food Centre & Youth Home// Portsea,Portsmouth

17


KEY PERSPECTIVE


5.0 // PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT

The Hard Food Centre & Youth Home // Portsea,Portsmouth

SITE PLAN WITH DEVELOPMENT 402.3 // Portfolio// 402 Architectural Design - Synthesis // The Hard Food Centre & Youth Home// Portsea,Portsmouth

18


5.0 // PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT

The Hard Food Centre & Youth Home // Portsea,Portsmouth

Design Diagrams

MASSING STRATEGIES

1.Optimal Orientation In order to gain effective solar gain and achieve natural ventilation, the building is orientated according to site analysis.

2.Maximise Usage of the Building Plinth The first idea is to maximise the built area for the ground floor as it is the most crucial level of the proposed building.

4.“Capturing” the Axes of Pedestrian Nodes Recognising and arranging the building plinths according to the Pedestrian Nodes/ Main Pedestrian access Points. (Mainly from Gunwharf & The Hard)

5.“Encourage Pedestrian Flow” The creation of passageways in between the building blocks would allow passersby to walk through the building thus ensuring continuity of pedestrian flow.

402.3 // Portfolio// 402 Architectural Design - Synthesis // The Hard Food Centre & Youth Home// Portsea,Portsmouth

3.“Opening More” Building Plinth is key in avoiding the building becomes alienated and secluded from surrounding, thus it needs to be open more.

6.“Food Market as Main Attraction” The Food Market is allocated in front of the busy frontage as a way to invite the public into the building.

19


5.0 // PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT

The Hard Food Centre & Youth Home // Portsea,Portsmouth

7.Transparent Facade Transparent Facade for the building plinths where it would encourage visual connectivity between people inside the building - pedestrian on the surrounding street.

8.“Reduce Structural Intensity” The combination of Triangular steel structure with glass facades would reduce structural intensity and building mass. The Roof Garden Structure will also have skylight to allow sunlight penetration into the Food Market below

9.Public - Private Hierarchy All the bublic spaces are allocated on the ground floor, whilst Semi Public and Public Spaces are allocated on 1st Floor up to the Top Floor.

10.Optimal Accomodation Orientation The Student Accomodation is orientated according to sun path as part of the passive solar heating. There are two wings of Student Accomodation; North-South Facing and East -West Facing.

11.Vegetable Roof Garden as Focal Point Vegetable Roof Garden is located above the Food Market as the main connector for all the Student accomodation, where this plane will be utilized for gardening, meeting and socialising among the student community.

12.“Housings have view towards the Garden” All the housing units will have view towards the Garden, connecting the community visually.

402.3 // Portfolio// 402 Architectural Design - Synthesis // The Hard Food Centre & Youth Home// Portsea,Portsmouth

20


NORTH ELEVATION

SOUTH ELEVATION


WEST ELEVATION

EAST ELEVATION


GROUND FLOOR

1.Optimal Orientation

2.Maximise Usage of the Building Plinth

3.“Opening More”


GROUND FLOOR

4.“Capturing” the Axes of Pedestrian Nodes

5.“Encourage Pedestrian Flow”

6.“Food Market as Main Attraction”


FIRST FLOOR

7. Transparent Facade

8.“Reduce Structural Intensity”

9.Public - Private Hierarchy


SECOND FLOOR

Housing Wings - North-South Facing & East- West Facing

Roof Garden as Focal Point - Where all the activities and interactions happen

“All Housings Orientate Towards Central Garden”


THIRD FLOOR

Housing Wings - North-South Facing & East- West Facing

Roof Garden as Focal Point - Where all the activities and interactions happen

“All Housings Orientate Towards Central Garden”


FOURTH FLOOR

Housing Wings - North-South Facing & East- West Facing

Roof Garden as Focal Point - Where all the activities and interactions happen

“All Housings Orientate Towards Central Garden”


5.0 // PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT

The Hard Food Centre & Youth Home // Portsea,Portsmouth

SECTION C-C

402.3 // Portfolio// 402 Architectural Design - Synthesis // The Hard Food Centre & Youth Home// Portsea,Portsmouth

09


5.0 // PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT

The Hard Food Centre & Youth Home // Portsea,Portsmouth

PERSPECTIVE 1 402.3 // Portfolio// 402 Architectural Design - Synthesis // The Hard Food Centre & Youth Home// Portsea,Portsmouth

09


5.0 // PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT

The Hard Food Centre & Youth Home // Portsea,Portsmouth

Precedent // STUDENT HOUSING

figure 40 : Plan

figure 38 : Initial Sketch

1. Student Housing Poljane • Student Housing project by Bevk Perovic Arhitekti is a building on the edge of Ljubljana city centre, comprising of 56 dwelling units for students of Ljubljana University. • It is a building of “high programmatic clarity” a series of public programs (spaces for teaching, communal living and leisure) are concentrated in a horizontal transparent base while series of student living units hover above in two slabs. • Student units are organized around central service cores containing bathrooms and kitchen/dining rooms, which appear on the elevation of the buildings as huge openings windows like ‘eyes’, overlooking the street.

figure 39 : Perspective

402.3 // Portfolio// 402 Architectural Design - Synthesis // The Hard Food Centre & Youth Home// Portsea,Portsmouth

figure 41 : Section 31


5.0 // PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT

The Hard Food Centre & Youth Home // Portsea,Portsmouth

Precedent // COOKERY SCHOOL & GARDEN 2. Croydon Community Garden Learning Centre Architects : Geraghty Taylor Architects Location : London, United Kingdom Project Year : 2013 Croydon community garden learning centre empowers disadvantaged locals through education.

figure 42 : Plan A

Entrepreneurial charity, Good Food Matters, has created a community Food Learning Centre in New Addington, Croydon. The Centre trains disadvantaged local people to grow, cook and market sustainably produced organic food. It provides them with a new set of skills, promotes a healthy lifestyle and helps them to be productive members of their community. Geraghty Taylor Architects has designed the Community Hub Teaching Kitchen and associated garden where people are taught the skills and confidence they need to reintegrate into society. The key drivers of the project’s design were Inclusivity and Sustainability, values that are also deeply embedded in Geraghty Taylor’s own philosophy.

figure 43 : Plan B

figure 44 : Interior

figure 42 : Perspective

402.3 // Portfolio// 402 Architectural Design - Synthesis // The Hard Food Centre & Youth Home// Portsea,Portsmouth

32


Student Accomodation North- South Facing • Entrance from the north. • Less prominent spaces are placed at the north face of the unit. • Main spaces like lounge, dining and kitchen are located towards the South - where most Activities will happen. • Those main spaces have direct connection into the balcony - Passive Heating. • Balcony serves as planting area, where users can grow their own herb and food - encourage healthy eating. • Balcony allows interaction with their neighbours - they can see each other.


Student Accomodation East-West

• Entrance from the side. • Less important spaces are placed in the middle. • Main spaces like lounge, dining and • kitchen are located at the south. • Those main spaces have direct connection into the balcony - Maximise sunlight. • Balcony serves as planting area, where users can grow their own herb and food encourage healthy eating. • Balcony allows interaction with their neighbours - they can see each other.


PERSPECTIVE 2


AXONOMETRIC


AXONOMETRIC


AXONOMETRIC


5.0 // PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT

The Hard Food Centre & Youth Home // Portsea,Portsmouth

SECTION A-A

402.3 // Portfolio// 402 Architectural Design - Synthesis // The Hard Food Centre & Youth Home// Portsea,Portsmouth

39


5.0 // PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT

The Hard Food Centre & Youth Home // Portsea,Portsmouth

SECTION B-B

402.3 // Portfolio// 402 Architectural Design - Synthesis // The Hard Food Centre & Youth Home// Portsea,Portsmouth

40


FACADE DETAIL


5.0 // PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT

The Hard Food Centre & Youth Home // Portsea,Portsmouth

BAY ELEVATION

figure 13 : Concrete Cladding

figure 14 : Solar Control Glass Curtain Wall

402.3 // Portfolio// 402 Architectural Design - Synthesis // The Hard Food Centre & Youth Home// Portsea,Portsmouth

43


NORTH ELEVATION

WEST ELEVATION


SOUTH ELEVATION

EAST ELEVATION


6.0 // SUSTAINABILITY

The Hard Food Centre & Youth Home // Portsea,Portsmouth

6.0 SUSTAINABILITY 6.1 HVAC SYSTEM Heating, Ventilating and Air Conditioning (HVAC) Comfort HVAC system is key for the proposed building to achieve thermal comfort and good indoor air quality. HVAC allows the process of replacing air in internal spaces which involved “temperature control, oxygen replenishment, and removal harmful elements which could lead to “Sick Building Syndrome”. As shown in the diagramme below, there are various ventilation strategies according to different part of the building. Spaces that requires mechanical ventilation would include Cookery Workshops and Kitchen. Mixed-mode ventilation (allow both Natural and Mechanical) is used for spaces like Food Market, Offices, Cafe and Common Room.

402.3 // Portfolio// 402 Architectural Design - Synthesis // The Hard Food Centre & Youth Home// Portsea,Portsmouth

46


6.0 // SUSTAINABILITY & SERVICES

The Hard Food Centre & Youth Home // Portsea,Portsmouth

6.2 PASSIVE SOLAR HEATING OPTIMAL BUILDING ORIENTATION & SPATIAL ORGANISATION Most of the main spaces of the building are allocated and faced towards the South direction in order to maximise solar gain and passive heating while Services, storage and plant room are placed on the northern part of the building. Solar Controlled Glass will be used throughout the buildings to controlled amount of solar gain.

402.3 // Portfolio// 402 Architectural Design - Synthesis // The Hard Food Centre & Youth Home// Portsea,Portsmouth

47


6.0 // SUSTAINABILITY

The Hard Food Centre & Youth Home // Portsea,Portsmouth

6.3 NATURAL VENTILATION

The proposed building, especially Student Accomodations were designed to utilize the potential of using natural wind to ventilate the indoor spaces. Natural ventilation is important to ensure good air quality and comfort condition can be achieved inside the building spaces. Each Student Accomodation is designed to have openings at both end where it enables Cross Ventilation that optimize the path air follows through the building. Additionally, based on discussion with Environmental engineer, more openings will be provided for the Food Market, where Stacked Ventilation can happened to ventilate the interior space.

402.3 // Portfolio// 402 Architectural Design - Synthesis // The Hard Food Centre & Youth Home// Portsea,Portsmouth

48


6.0 // SUSTAINABILITY

The Hard Food Centre & Youth Home // Portsea,Portsmouth

6.4 MECHANICAL VENTILATION

Mechanical Ventilation Certain spaces like Cookery Workshop requires Mechanical Ventilation where it uses mechanical fan to ventilate air in and drive stale air out. Due to the nature of cookery programe (which produce smoke, airborne grease, combustion products, fumes, smoke, odors, heat, and steam), extractor hoods would be installed where it will channel the unwanted air out and maintained comfort inside the spaces. Mixed-Mode Ventilation Spaces like Food Market, Offices, Cafe and Common Room will adopt the mixed mode ventilation which uses both Natural and Mechanical technique of space conditioning. The Mixed mode ventilation allows flexibility where these spaces can use natural ventilation through operatable window or air-conditioning, depending on different seasons or occassions.

402.3 // Portfolio// 402 Architectural Design - Synthesis // The Hard Food Centre & Youth Home// Portsea,Portsmouth

49


6.0 // SUSTAINABILITY

The Hard Food Centre & Youth Home // Portsea,Portsmouth

6.5 HEATING SYSTEM // GEOTHERMAL HEATING & COOLING

Ground Source Heating & Cooling System (GSHC) Ground Source Heating &Cooling System (GHCS) is an energy efficient central heating and cooling system that will be intergrated into the proposed building. GHCS has four main components where ; 1) Borehole Ground Loop 2) Channelling Pipes, 3) Heat Pump and 4) Air Distribution Unit. The following are the advantages of GSHC :• Cost Efficiency • No Fuel Deliveries Needed • Minimal Maintenance required

402.3 // Portfolio// 402 Architectural Design - Synthesis // The Hard Food Centre & Youth Home// Portsea,Portsmouth

50


MArch Year 1 l Final Design Project : Portsmouth Food Centre & Youth Home l 2018  

Final Design Project of my first year of MArch.

MArch Year 1 l Final Design Project : Portsmouth Food Centre & Youth Home l 2018  

Final Design Project of my first year of MArch.

Advertisement