Page 1

Graduation Project part II

Instructors : - Dr. Sameh Elfekki - Dr. Omar Fawzy - Dr. Rasha Sayed

Spring 2018

Gr. 23

Fishing logistic center Al Max, Alexandria, Egypt

Section B

141089

Nada Hatem Shams


Table of Contents


ďƒ˜ Table of Content Executive Report

5

I Introduction

6

1. What Is The Problem ?

7

2. What Is Fishing Logistic Centre ?

10

3. Why ?

11

4. How ?

12

5. Site Analysis

13

6. Program Of The Project

23

II Design Approach

24

1. Objectives

25

2. Three Proposed Concepts

26

3. Concept Submission

36

4. Chosen Concepts

37

5. Form Generation

38

6. Project Zoning

39

7.Programmatic Concept

41

8. Design Development Submissions

45

9. Final Project Design

56

10. Project Shots

59

III Construction

60

1. Construction Materials

61

2. Wall Section

70

IV Structure

74

1. Structure systems

75

2. Isometric structure

77

V Environmental

78

1.Solar Radiation study

79

2. Solar and ventilation study

80

3. Natural light and thermal comfort

81

N

W

S

June, 10 AM

Green

IVV Sustainability

84

1. Environmental

85

2. socially

87

3. Economically

89

E

South

North West

3


Executive report


( 1 )Executive Report

(1-2 ) Research & studies conclusions

This is a report submitted as a partial requirement of graduation project fulfillment, and it provides an analysis of design process through the graduation project starting from site analysis till the design development and the final product. It contains a summary of all the studied data that contributed to the production of the final project.

After gathering and analyzing all the studies a 2D zoning was done to locate functions and deciding the best orientation for each one according to its uses. The zoning helped in making a conceptual physical model where the design and programmatic concept were studied, and how they affected the form generation.

(1–1) Research & Studies

(1-3) Design approach

The research process started with gathering all the needed data about the site , its potentials, the studying the site analysis, knowing the site threats , opportunities, strengths and weakness.

After Several trials on the physical model, the resulted model led to the master plan phase, integrating project function to be in a whole unity. The programmatic and design concepts were analyzed and effected the master plan.

Studying the surrounding context and wether it will effect the design theme & concept or not . The gathering data about site climate about site climate, and analyzing it on the site, where it will help in orientation decisions. Studying previous similar projects, analyzing them and gathering notes and decisions from them.

(1-4) Design progress The concept phase was followed by setting the project plans and studying each zone needs and its relation ship between it and others . Studying the landscape and designing them according to the building and project functions.

Setting the space program of the whole project, and the space program within each project. Design progress

Construction

structure

Environmentally

sustainability 5


Chapter I

Introduction


ďƒ˜ Project satisfaction

Chapter 1 - Introduction

What is the problem ? Al Max, Alexandria, Egypt, People are trying to survive and improve their living but the world is against them. In other words, there is nothing the locals can do because no one is giving them a hand to rebuild their place. The fact that the government is in no use and trying to take their place, the people are not giving up and standing for what they want. They stopped them from fishing, they took some of their boats, and they are trying to take over what they have left, their own village. After 1917, the social composition of Al Max area changed where each fishermen become high income while nowadays, they became low income. More than 85% of residents were born in Al Max, therefore, most of the residents today are fourth generation of the original residents (land owner). The percentage of Al Max residents that work in fishing are 60 % and that is 18.5% of Ameriaâ€&#x;s district, where it is near to their homes and 15% work outside. Not all of them work as fishermen, 25% of them work in cement and petrol industries.

Table showing what are the different ages and genders can help with when it comes to the jobs. As it is showing, the male gender is higher than the female gender. The locals prefer to have boys as their children because they inherit the fishing job and can easily help them around with the boats. Type

Population

Male

23859

Female

22009

New Born

45865

Percentage of population

1.9%

(Table 1) Percentage of AL Max Population

`` (Figure 2), vegetable hawkers street.

fishermen 60% cement &petrol 25% industries street 15% (Figure 1), Chart showing jobs of Al Max residents

The unemployment rate in Alexandria in Alexandria to be 17.3% higher than the average in the Republic's 12.7% while the rate of poverty in the province around 12%. The planning Ministry report revealed increasing poverty rates in Mina onions where approximately 53.5% with poverty in America toward 47.2% while Department of Sidi Gaber in the province increased by 5.7%.

(Figure 3), Residential buildings in Al Max with mixed-use building

1. (Ministry of Urban Renewal and informal settlements 2017).

2. General Organization for Physical Planning in Cairo and Alex.

7


 Project satisfaction

Chapter 1 - Introduction

What is the problem ?

FACTORYS POLICIES

LACK OF FISHES

SEWEGE POLUTED CANAL

POLLUTED CANAL

BAD TRANSPORTATION

STRESS - PRESURE

LACK OF AWARNESS

UN PRODUCTIVE

LACK OF HOSPITAL

(Figure 4), factor effect on the human behavior at Al Max make them on stress and unproductive

Environment Effects : Government obligate fishermen the to have licenses every day so they have financial problems.

Not only 70% of the regions inhabitants are not well educated because there are only two levels of school “Elementary & Preparatory”, but also there are many diseases due to lack of hospitals.

Bad transportation inside the area due to small gaps between houses.

Bad condition of houses , lack of job opportunities.

The problem of factory‟s sewage illuminate the canal‟s function which is fishing as its very polluted than before.

(Figure 5), shows the environmental effect

8


Project satisfaction

Chapter 1 - Introduction

What is the problem ? The fishermen’s main problem is that they cannot fulfill their daily needs. They cannot fish in the sea due to the governments restrictions and limiting them in a certain area because of the fishing licenses. The need of training and educational Centre Due to low income resident cant allow to afford for higher level as university so they need to cheaper and nearby educational and training Centre to help them in daily live . Increase of un employment due to lack of licenses government gives ,

through glass where it will show how they build their boats, sew their nets and remove the fish after they‟re back from fishing.

Social approach: The people of AL-MAX are isolated from the rest of the community & that led to their bad attitude. This project will let them communicate with different types of people and they will start to coop and learn new things.

Target Group that

the

Need for spaces to sell their product As there is no place to sell their fishing product as Open market at Al Max only in EL-Agamy so its fare from them as the lack and tough of transportation

Youth From 20

Women 20-40

Men 30-60

Project Diagram

Need for Logistic company to organize the fishing processes and the fishermen need for safety and something make them sure of fixed salary to enhance their life.

Project Approaches : Cultural approach: The fishermen started looking for other jobs because they do not know how to fish without anyone bugging them or taking their license away. They do all the work on their own with no help. They even build their own boats and so their nets. They want any job to help their income increase so they and their families survive.

Touristic approach: We want the people to know beautiful AL- MAX is, after all it is called Venice of Egypt. In this center, there will be a see

(Figure 6), Project diagram

9


Project satisfaction

Chapter 1 - Introduction

Literature Review fishing logistic Centre ? Hutchison ports Alexandria “Alexandria International Container Terminals (AICT) is a free zone company and operates two fully integrated container terminals at Egypt‟s main commercial parts of Alexandria Port and El Dekheila Port since 2005”. These ports are located on the Mediterranean Sea and are both international and local trading activities in Egypt.

Mission of Fishing Logistic Centre are Getting the right services to the right place, at the right time, and in the desired condition at the lowest cost and highest return on investment Major objectives for Maritime logistics - Effectively meet emergency needs - Careful handling of merchandise - Willingness to take back defective goods and resupply them quickly.

(Figure 7), AL Max map

(Figure 9), Fishing logistic from 1960 – up tell now

Alexandria Port is considered one of the largest and most important ports in the Mediterranean. It's also one of the oldest, built around 2000 B.C. Due to its crucial location; the Port of Alexandria handles almost 60% of Egypt's foreign trade according to Alexandria Port Authority (APA), is one of the largest and oldest ports that was built in 2000 BC. It is also one of the important ports in the Mediterranean Sea.

Fishing industry includes any industry or

activity concerned with taking, culturing, processing, preserving, storing, transporting, marketing or selling fish or fish products. It is defined by the Food and Agriculture Organization as including recreational, subsistence and commercial fishing, and the harvesting, processing, and marketing sectors.

The commercial activity is aimed at the delivery of fish and other seafood products for human consumption or as input factors in other industrial processes. Directly or indirectly, the livelihood of over 500 million people in developing countries depends on fisheries and aquaculture. Makes open markets of sea-fisheries along the County Down coastline. These ranged from landbased pursuits such as the capture of crabs and lobsters.

(Figure 8), Logistic function digram 1. (Ministry of Urban Renewal and informal settlements 2017).

(Figure 10), 1913 Canada 2. The Canadian marine logistic history

10


ďƒ˜

Project satisfaction

Chapter 1 - Introduction

Why AL- Max ? The process of Fishing Logistic and training Centre needs a terminals that depend on the trading method as Al Max located front of the Mediterranean sea which is the connection point to Asia Africa , Europe and the middle east along Egyptian Mediterranean coast ( Alexandria ) .

Missions for Fishing Logistic Centre ?

Designing an iconic fishing Centre in Egypt that seeks to be a role model globally in logistic administration, recreational , education & training Centre

Establishing one of a kind city in the Middle East that concerning the department of Fishing Logistic for import and export Local products

Seeking to build global network that improve shipping system and create collaborations with economical scale by combining workshops & commercial support program

The optimum way to generate the financial substance to support the development of Al Max community to meet the requirement of the quality of life, by offering them good quality of services and licenses.

Establish a win-win relationship with related industries cooperating with steel, salt and petrol industries for raising the fishing issues as in boats maintenance , nets production, fish market

Refreshing tourism by directing focus to fishing tourism in Egypt

Holding Global conferences related to fishing trade

Increase the national economy

11


Project satisfaction

Chapter 1 - Introduction

How ? Full integrated project Financially , Logistic services , commercial , and touristic.

Build organization

to allow Al Max Community to be aware that the harmonious environment is a source of productivity and well being.

well being & professional development

in the performance of Fishermen Logistic Centre in the regional area” Al Max “ and mutual trust between all member of Al Max community.

Sustainability and climate protection

on transport and logistic solution provided with friendly environment for services.

Ecological transformation

transformation approach toward sustainable development also for tourism

12


ďƒ˜ Site Analysis

Chapter 1 - Introduction

Site selection criteria Connection to community to Al Max Direct Exposure to main road Water Front Land Mark

Site selection criteria

3

1

2

3 proposed sites , scale 1:600

Reasons

Site I

Site II

Site III

Connection with community

Located in near the fishermen village

Located on the center of Al Max

Located inside facilities

Direct Exposure to main road

Direct access from main road

Accessible through secondary roads

Direct access from main road

Water Front

Near the Mediterranean sea

Flanked by El- khandak

Near to the Mediterranean sea

Land Mark

Military base, Harbor

Al- Max research centers

Harass Al Hdoud stadium , Al Max Lighthouse 13


ďƒ˜ Site Analysis

Chapter 1 - Introduction

Site selection criteria Site 3 Location:

Al-Max is a perfect place for a Fishing logistics center depending on a cultural, commercial and scientific research that led to how the Fishing logistic center will affect the area.

3

Al as a result of the mixed use of the land (historical, commercial, cultural & residential) where the Fishing logistic center should take place affecting all of them. The site location is chosen according to the project functions and objectives. The project will adopt a cultural, touristic & social approaches that will be connected to the aquaculture spine where it began from Al-Mahmoudia lake to the Mediterranean sea.

Urban Fabric :

3 3

(Figure 106)

14


ďƒ˜ Site Analysis

Chapter 1 - Introduction

Site land use:

Site Surroundings :

3

3

Residential Factories

Military Education

Governmental Green

building heights:

- Haras El Hdod Stadium Al Max Harbor - Military base - Lighthouse - New Fishermen Residential

building conditions:

3

3 3

The average of buildings heights in the site is Ground floor +1,+5 which provide visual and character for the project. Building Heights associated with their streetsâ€&#x; width

the condition of the building are mostly medium condition due to the distance from the factories and a the other building near to the sea have a bad condition due to the humidity of the sea 15


ďƒ˜ Site Analysis

Chapter 1 - Introduction

Site 3 Micro Accessibility & Road Hierarchy :

1

3

4 3 3

2

Keys:

The accessibility to the site is very easy because itâ€&#x;s located on the main road Al Max street and & provide two accessibility to site

2

Road , hierarchy map `Scale 1 : 1000

Key Main roads

3

4

1

3m resident street 17m Al Max street

12m resident street

Al Max street ( bridge above al Khandaq ) 17m ,

16


ďƒ˜ Site Analysis

Chapter 1 - Introduction

Site 3 Facade Analysis 2 7 3 5 4 3

1 1 - 6 stories residential buildings as a height - RC Structure - Building conditions between good and medium condition - Water front toward the sea and al khandak

Landmarks : -

Al iaesh mosque

El Mustafa Mosque as a landmark Haras El Hadod Stadium Al Max Lighthouse New fishermen residential

3

2

light House

4

Haras stadium

Building Conditions - Building conditions varies between good as a new buildings and old one effected by the humidity and the factory pollution

17m Al Max street

5

6

7 17


 Site Analysis

Chapter 1 - Introduction

S.W.O.T

     

 

 

    

  

Accessed from 2 main roads. Close to the heart of fishing craft & Al-Max research center. The site is located in between of Al-Khandak & Mediterranean sea. The site is located in a very active area which is the center of al max and the factories. It can be accessed from Mediterranean sea. Green area located next to the site.

3

Low land level. Surrounded by factories & military area. Bad condition of the surrounding buildings. Lack of services.

In the center of Al-Max. Enough labor. Located next to the fishermen village. Next to the max research center. Waterfront.

Pollution of factories & petrol companies. The military area and their constrains. Drug abuse & high crime rate in the area.

18


ďƒ˜ Site Analysis

Chapter 1 - Introduction

Sky Line

MAP KEY:

Significant Buildings :

A- Light Tower, Al Max B- Hars El Hdod School C- Al Gaich Mosque D- Hars El Hdod Stadium E- Alexandria for Refining & Petro- Chemicals F- Alexandria for Minerals G- Wadi Al Amar residence H- Masr for Chemicals I- Cement Industries J- Al Khandaq K- Sewage pipes L- Aqua center O- Harbor

A

c

D

c I

Al Gaich Mosque

F

I

Cement Industries

D

Hars El Hdod Stadium

F

Alexandria for refining & petro chemical

A

Light Tower, Al Max

19


ďƒ˜ Site Analysis

Chapter 1 - Introduction

Climatic Studies :

Topography:

Wind rose:

The wind rose of Alexandria shows how many hours per year the wind blows from the indicated direction. In the North, they use big windows to maximize the daylight and prevailing wind. In the North East, they use small windows to minimize the sun exposure.

The topography shows that Al Max is the lowest part of Alexandria, due to the heavy rain, the buildings that are lower than the streets are drowned.

Humidity:

Ratio of rainy days in Al Max: The maximum ratio of rainy days are in January, July and August.

Maximum temperature

August has the highest humidity rate, while April is the least month that has humidity. The average annual percentage of humidity is 68%.

Water temperature

Dry period is in March, April, May, June and July.

20


 Site Analysis

Chapter 1 - Introduction

Site location Al max

Point of interest on the site

Al Max is one of the western parts of Alexandria, whose inhabitants practice fishing, which houses were built on the series of one of the agricultural drainage chan- nels.

site Residential Cargo

Educational Stadium Industrial

Climate – Sun Path – Plot Area

Blot Area 21000 m²

site Perfable wind Sun orientation

Access

Blot Area 21000 m²

Roads

Node

21


ďƒ˜ Program of the project

Chapter 1 - Introduction

Project Program: Proposed services / activities for Fishing logistic center

Commercial sector Beside & through the building - East

workshops

Toward high value of environment N West

Administration Beside access of building East

Hollow Gram Recreation al area - N West

Facilities Near to the service access S East

The fishing industry includes any industry or activity concerned with taking, culturing, processing, storing, transporting, selling fish or fish products. It will help the fishermen improve their craft and maintain their boats and produce the fishing equipment with a small learning zone. They can make use of manufacturing zone as a touristic zone.

Definitions : The commercial sector A small place used for the trade in and sale of fish and other seafood, trade between fishermen and fish merchants. • Fish processing which produce the fish products • Marketing of the fish products & equipment. Recreational sector ( workshops ) The recreational fishing industry consists of enterprises such as the manufacture and retailing of fishing tackle, rod, arrows and apparel, the payment of license fees to regulatory authorities, and the design and building of recreational fishing boats. Maintenance workshop Workshops for maintaining the deteriorated and damaged boats from climatic or from salt water, contains equipment's and boats parking . Educational workshop Educational zones for the community to learn how to manufacturing the nets, boats, trickles, and learning how to store & pack fishes for marketing. Administration , logistic services & monitoring Managing the commercial zone with the recreational sector, logistic services for fishing boats and monitoring weather forecasting and level of sea waves. Hollow gram as a attraction element For touristic and al max community

Facilities: Something designed, built, installed, etc., to serve a specific function affording a convenience or service: transportation facilities; a rest room, especially one for use by the public, as in restaurant. 22


 Program of the project

Chapter 1 - Introduction

Manufacturing sector • Reception hall • Fees & customer service room • Control room • Fishing boats zone • Fishing equipment's zone • Boats motors zone

1150 m²

Educational sector • Manger room • Staff room • Navigation learning Manufacturing fishing equipment's

650 m²

Hollow gram zone • Control room • Technical zone • Maintenance area • Electrical services • Fees room

520m²

Facilities • Security Control Center • Fire Command Center • Maintenance project control • Emergency clinic • Boats Garage • Private parking • Public parking

1820m²

Commercial sector Administration logistic services Recreational sector

900m²

Manufacturing workshop

Recreational sector • Fishing equipment • Canvas Building recreational fishing boats zones • license fees room for recreational boats

2500 m²

Educational workshop

Administration • Manger • Administrative offices • Logistic offices • Conference rooms • Paper storage room • Financial flow room • License flow room • Communication room • Security room + Atria

800 m²

Hollow Gram

Commercial sector • Manger office • Fish Processing • Fish Packaging • Cooling storages • Market

Facilities

Net Area 14,700 m² Foot print : 9450 m²

55 %

Land Area 21,000 m² - 5 Acre

45 %

Project Program:

23


Chapter II

Design Approach


 Objectives

Chapter II Design Approach

Objectives The Project Promote to make value efficiency, quality of services, reliability, responsibility, continuous improvement, skill development and social responsibility on ethics. Social approach By using fisher men in fishing craft, ships navigation and ships maintenance. Job chances not only for men but also for women in housework and packing , it help the growth of domestic income, therefore they can teach their kids and develop on the revival of Al Max community.

Economical dimensions Facilitate the process of fishing through the facilities the project provides as sell fish product and fishing tools with having touristic zone, consequently it help in the contribution of the national income, so it will increase the life standard of Al Max community.

Sustainable dimensions Adaptive building with environment applied with responsive & productive design deal with passive energy. Safety dimensions Secure the navigation of ships and fisher men„s safety by making periodic ships repair and prevent any accidences for worker through the design.

Cultural & identity approach Draw attention for Al max‟s culture heritage and identity of Alex. Is Bride of the sea. With merging popular architectural features and motifs from Greek and ancient Egyptian architecture on Egypt. (Figure 11), Environment of Al Max

25


 Concept 1

Chapter II Design Approach

Slogan: Keywords:

Geo - Enlightenment

Geographical relation – enlightenment development – progressive dynamic operation – interactive community – diffusion of land activities – aqua diamond core

Concept Statement: The Enlightenment Prism inspired from tower reflect the global geographical location “ Guiding light which diffuses from the Light Tower “ from the city toward international trading. It also projected to be fishermen logistic center for it‟s geographical location, which connect Alexandria with ( Europe, Asia and the Middle East ).

( Fig . 12 )Current Pharos

( Fig. 13 ) Giza Pyramids

( Fig. 14 ) old Pharos light tower

Concept I The Philosophy of the concept proposed through four connective axis projected toward the three integral ( Europe, Asia and the middle East ) united with the transmitting prism. In which embraced with a diffused prism which give message of reflected light and give Ancient civilization image of Egypt and the region projected to control suppliers and reinforce the economy of the aqua resource of Al Max which can make a development interaction with the community. Therefore, the project could be a such a prototype of upgrading the transportation service, also respect the passive function. The functional concept of the ecological diffusion of natural light which is inspired from the neighborhood landmark“ Light Tower “.

( Fig. 15 ) The seven spectrum prism

Alexandria

Middle East

( Fig. 16 )worldwide Map

26




Concept 1

Chapter II Design Approach

Concept deformations Spectra Diffusion

Canvas

Reflection of light

Suspended Prism

Reflective Illumination

Context Skyline

27


Educational area

Stadium

Industrial & Cargo area

Residential area

Master Layout

Storage

Commercial zone

Concept 1

Forecast information flow & fishingzone Admin. Financial license Workshops & classes

Panoramic observer area Management zones

Conceptual Zoning

ďƒ˜ Chapter II Design Approach

28

28


 Concept II Slogan:

Chapter II Design Approach

Eco- Civilized Maritime

Keywords: - Place identity - Ecological design - Fishermen suppliers - Education Commercial markets - Touristic activation - insurance service

-

Concept Statement: The morphology of the project structure inspired from the civilized motif in Alex. & Ancient Egyptian prism , which embrace the identity of Alexandria Civilization stretched forward with enlightenment Eco-glassier prism.

( Figure17 ) Greek Motif

( Figure 18 ) Millennium Bridge

(Figure 19 ) Washington University skylight

Concept III The image of the structure embrace the civilization of Alexandria, which inspired from its Greek motif merge it with the main image of Egyptian civilization “ Pyramid “ morph it into eco- Glassier prism gained from it passive energy. The structure begin from with the main Fishermen Logistic suppliers structure obtained from three geometry of Greek motif it‟s ceiling inclined with solar angle orientation stretchered toward the sea connected with Eco-power bridge, hang with it two Ecological prism enrich the project with ecological power to be self sufficient and produce power to be self sufficient and produce power to the neighborhood.

The whole structure projected to : Reflect Greek motif in building mass. • Empower the fishing market by supply the fishermen with their license service • ( Boats, workshops & maintenance ). • Activation of working force through • - commercial market - Nets production. • Merging tourist to reinforcement the financial return through - Aquatic Gallery - Aquarium hollow gram theater - Markets 29


Concept II

Chapter II Design Approach

Concept deformations

Egyptian pyramids

• • • • • •

Greek Motif

Financial flow logistic Fishermen suppliers Educational Workshops Commercial sector License flow • storage

Pyramid pentagon

• • •

Following up through civilizations

Historical walkway simulation Boats maintenance Net, fishing tools production

Aquarium

Hollow gram theatre ( recreational sector )

Context Skyline

Sketches of the whole page by the student

30


Sketches of the whole page by the student

Commercial sector

Marke t

Vertical Transition

Marke t

Market zone

Historical simulation walkway

Hanging Prism Hollogram theater

Stadium

Aquarium

Touristic zone + recreationa l

Nets production

Historical path way simulation

.

Hanging Prism Boat workshop & maintenance + Hollow gram theater Nets fishing tools productions recreational sector Workshops boats & maintenance Fish Fauna Agora

Historical walkway

Aquari um

Residential area

Industrial & Cargo area

Digital screens

Water wall generate Hydro power container structure

GFRC patched on suspended bridge

Conceptual Zoning

Model sketch

Acrylic grid panel

Deployable structure

Concept II

Aquari um

Passive light oriented toward sun light

Educational area

Master Layout

ďƒ˜ Chapter II Design Approach

31


 Slogan Concept : III Slogan: Keywords:

Chapter II Design Approach

Means Of The Community

Aqua preservation – image of city - Preserve land identity – aquaculture ( interactive functions ) – reflection of community – tourism proportion Concept Statement:

Means of the community inspired from Merging between activities of the community and Ecological resources present in building structure, by the method of embracing this images through the whole skeletal structure.

( Fig. 20 ) fishing boat

Concept II The collective image of the concept is integrate between the image of the city and their activities. Applying them through the hierarchy of a bulk ship, merged with steel structure from the images of the industrial factories among site and reflect the image of fishing ships by proposed with an Eco-membrane with Tensile Fabric structure, which make the whole structure depend on passive energy.

( Fig. 23) ETFE, Entertainment Center

( Fig. 21 ) fishing boats , net

( Fig. 22) man holding fishing nets

( Fig. 24 ) sketch by researcher

32


ďƒ˜

Concept III

Chapter II Design Approach

Concept deformations 1

Vertical zoning

Tensile membrane

Hollow gram show

Water wall + Eco- glass

Seafood restaurant

Solar tube

Aquatic museum Logistic services Workshops & classes Markets Souvenir retails

Context Skyline

33 Sketches of the whole page by the student

33


ďƒ˜

Concept III

Chapter II Design Approach

Concept deformations Process 2

Hierarchy of ships

Sailing Rope

Merging both of them

Finally, the wave grooved the up-leveled base in a way to achieve passive cooling in side the whole structure Environmental study

Context Skyline

Sketches of the whole page by the student

34


Sketches of the whole page by the student

Solar tubes

Resident ial area

Stadium

Industrial & Cargo area

Logistic services Workshops & classes Markets Souvenir retails

Seafood restaurant

Aquatic museum

Hollow gram show

Conceptual Zoning

Concept III

Water wall + Eco- glass

Tent fabric structure “canvas“

Educational area

Master Layout

 Chapter II Design Approach

35


 1st Jury Concept submission

Chapter II Design Approach

Feed back : Needs more abstraction – Need to be more closed as forms – Put in mind the arch. Solution of the form

36


 Chosen Concepts “ Development “

Chapter II Design Approach

Reflective Heritage Problem Statement

CONCEPT :

The fishermen‟s main problem is that they cannot fulfill their daily needs. They cannot fish in the sea due to the governments restrictions and limiting them in a certain area because of the fishing licenses. Vision The Proposed project of “ Fishermen Logistic Centre “ is to build organization required to allow Al Max Community to be aware that the harmonious environment is a source of productivity and well being In order to achieve an ecological transformation approach toward sustainable development Mission

Reflective Heritage

 Geo - Enlightenment Keywords Place identity Ecological design Fishermen suppliers Commercial markets - Touristic activation insurance service - dynamic operation Concept Statement: The morphology of the project structure inspired from the civilized motif in Alexandria & Ancient Egyptian prism , which embrace the identity of Alexandria Civilization stretched forward with enlightenment Ecoglassier prism. Inspirations

Seeking to build global network that improve shipping system and create synergies with economical scale by combining workshops & commercial support program , generate the financial substance to support the development of Al Max community to meet the requirement of the quality of life.

Concept process

Egyptian pyramids

Spectra Diffusion

Greek Motif

Canvas

Pyramid pentagon

Reflection of light

Suspended Prism

Light diffusion from prism

37


ďƒ˜ Form Generation

Chapter II Design Approach

Form Generation

N

W

E

S

1 Light diffusion reflected from light tower

4

Built in structure

6 Environmental deformation

2 Interference between 2 sources of light from heritage & identity of Al Max

5

3 Resolution of reflective heritage & identity

Bush up the structure

7 Patched on Reflective ceiling

( Shadow + Sun ) 38


ďƒ˜ Project zoning

Chapter II Design Approach Master Plan

Mezzanine

Plan Keys: Public Customer service Private Customer service Logistic licenses Indoor Cafeterias Managements Patio Restaurants and cafeteria Commercial sector Container outdoor workshops Service access Access building

1st Floor

1st Floor

Basement Floor

Plan Keys: Recreational. Bridge Manufacturing Workshops Education workshops Administration & management Financial and banking Hollow gram zone Media show zone Storage products backing Staff parking services parking 39


Wet Area

Vertical circulation

Management offices

Public entrance

Customer services

Containers Markets

Observing bridge + media show

Responsive skin

Project zoning

Horizontal circulation

Administration

Managements offices

Deployable skin

High Density

Recreational workshops

Gallery

Ageis Hyposurface

ďƒ˜ Chapter II Design Approach

40


ďƒ˜ Programmatic Concept

Chapter II Design Approach

Character

Priority

The Zone that has the priority is the administration , Training canter,& Packaging . It has the priority of the master plan Layout.

The dominant character is horizontal as well as the verticality of the stepped structure that created through the project levels, whiten the elevated structure taking reflection of light form

Hierarchy The Project is divided into 6 main zones , the administration zone , logistic zone , Commercial zone , Outdoor and indoor workshops zone, recreational zone The Hierarchy of the building is oblivious through heights. Creating a spine that starts at its peak point creating Administration ,as it raised up to form the commercial Open markets to recreational zone to form a continuous spine that has no visual end refer to the diffusion of the reflective of light.

Main Path Secondary path Straight path

41


ďƒ˜

Programmatic Concept Circulation

Main Path Secondary path Straight path

Vehicles path

Solid & Void

Built In structure Elevated structure

Chapter II Design Approach

Main Nodes

Outdoor workshops Outdoor markets Cafeteria + Restaurants

Hollow gram Media show

Green Spaces

Green spaces

42


ďƒ˜

Programmatic Concept

Chapter II Design Approach

Service grouping

Density

Entrance

` Low Density

Medium Density

High Density

The Part of high density is the administration linked with outdoor markets and packing and storage . While the workshops and licenses area creates a medium density , And the cafeteria is the lowest density

People grouping

Exits

Entrance

The whole services is connected by a grid of road located on the zero level also the basement for backing and storage

Communication

5 6

3 open markets

2

1

4

1. A pedestrian path from project entrance connecting from cafeteria to workshops and services area.

H.G.

Workshops

Open Markets and workshops will be expresses a wonderful landmark for AL Max as it will be the main gathering point of the project , the hollow gram & out and indoor media show will host large event which will attract large number of visitors.

2. Pedestrian path connecting Logistic with open markets and outdoor workshops. 3. A service road ramped underground connecting the packing and storage area . Ramped bath toward basement for employee parking 4. Pedestrian bridge connecting hollow gram to the media show through indoor workshops

43


Programmatic Concept Safety

Chapter II Design Approach Vertical circulation

Orientation

• Orient the building toward the north west , while making opened building form to make the maximum benefit from the prevailing wind from north west and north direction , and preventing the south direction by minimize the surface face this direction therefore it face the south East. • Escape stairs for each 30m to reach outside the building the fastest time.

Vertical Circulation Wet Area Escape stairs 44


ďƒ˜ Design Development - 2nd Jury

Chapter II Design Approach

45


ďƒ˜

Design Development - 2nd Jury

Chapter II Design Approach

Feed back : Layout & form are good / plans need more work , corridors need redesign. – corridors need to be on 90 ^ degree not 45 ^ - corridors are too long, area of spaces are too small

46


ďƒ˜ Design Development – 3rd Jury

Chapter II Design Approach

High Density

47


Design Development – 3rd Jury

Chapter II Design Approach

48


Design Development – 3rd Jury

Chapter II Design Approach

49


Design Development – 3rd Jury

Feed back : Edit line weight – scale shed on the left of the section

Chapter II Design Approach

Basement scale 1:200 50


 Design Development – 4th Jury

Chapter II Design Approach

51


Design Development – 4th Jury

Chapter II Design Approach

52


Design Development – 4th Jury

Chapter II Design Approach

53


Design Development – 4th Jury

Chapter II Design Approach

54


ďƒ˜

Design Development – 4th Jury

Chapter II Design Approach

Feed back : Need more studies in the technology sector to improve the project with evidence why use those technology revise the spacing of sherougou Ban ( tree column ) Present the project in sequence as a scenario

55


ďƒ˜ Final Design Plans + Sections

Chapter II Design Approach

56


ďƒ˜ Final Design Plans + Sections

Chapter II Design Approach

57


ďƒ˜ Final Design Plans + Sections

Chapter II Design Approach

58


ďƒ˜ Project Shots

Chapter II Design Approach

Commercial sector + Container structure +Staff gate

Cafeteria & restaurant

Arial shot for the project

Interior shot sea view

parametric facade + stepped structure

Outdoor workshops + containers

N w shot + Media show + folded roof

Deployable skin shot

Interior shot for facade

59


Chapter III

Construction


 Construction materials

Chapter III Construction

• Key Plan

NW

`

Container structure S W Lattice folded structure

Aegis Hypo-Surface FlectoFold Twisted louvers Kinetic Panels Holographic Technology LED glass screen wall 61


 Construction materials

Folded structure

Deployable panels

Chapter III Construction

Kinetic Cells

Nano facture Grey

Curtain walls Tree Column

Container structure

Bio guard Acoustic

Beniam more shorline paint

Construction materials 1- Lattice folded structures, stainless steel • Self repair capability Stainless steel is an alloy containing at lest 10.5% chromium , this gives the steel an inherent ability to protect itself from corrosion. React with oxygen create invisible protective film. If this layer damaged chemically repair it easily . The presence of nickel improves formability and weld ability. • Corrosion resistance from air polluted • Low weight , low thickness result a lower overall weights after erection , therefore a lighter, more cost effective supporting structure. • Flat PVC Plastisol or Polyester coated steel strip in colors and finishes to match our range of roofing and cladding sheets, come in standard 3000mm x 1220mm flat sheet size, 0.7mm sheet thickness. 1. Technical guide to stainless steel

Stainless steel roof

PVC coating

Texture

62


Construction materials

Chapter III Construction

2- Kinetic panels – insulated Aluminium Deployable panels responding to density rate which have High thermal insulating aluminium façade system with UV values to 0.4 W/(m²K) The surface elements are transparent or opaque to provide shading; there isn‟t the option of adding functions such as daylight control or solar energy generation

Acoustic Performance Ultima panels can be specified to meet specific acoustic performance criteria. Bonding and Structural Performance Independently tested by Witch Engineering, all metal facings are pressure bonded to the insulation core using an adhesive which can withstand temperatures -40°C to 140°C

(Figure 26 ) Schüco Parametric System

(Figure 25 ) Exploded panel

Thermal Performance, Fire Performance

(Figure 27 ) High insulated aluminum for reflection

2- curtain wall Sound insulation: Double glass curtain wall due to the role of noise shielding, reducing the outdoor noise for indoor impacting. At the same time, double glass curtain wall can still introduce natural ventilation in strong noise environment, reducing the building energy consumption. The sunshade blind of the Double glass curtain wall been installed inside the internal layers 1. Architectural fabrications

(Figure 28 ) High insulated aluminum for reflection

63


Construction materials

Chapter III Construction

4. Container structure BE GREEN, BE RESPONSIBLE • Giving a new life to maritime shipping containers • Reuse of existing furniture and accessories • Ecological paints Environmentally and visually friendly Automatic opening and levelling system uses hydraulics and can be deployed on any ground. Once closed, the units are safe and secure and can be used as storage space onsite, self-sufficient with electricity and water. Technology friendly for Wi-Fi, broadcasting, touch-screens and lounge on the roof, stairs and access ramps. Attached Container

Single Container Recreational workshop and markets

(Figure 29 ) Exploded containers 1. Steinecker container specifications

64


Construction materials

Chapter III Construction

4. Sherigu ban structure Steel loses its loadbearing capacity at a temperature in excess of 550°C during a fire; therefore structural steel protection (e.g. with board, paint, spray etc) is required to preserve the stability of the building structure in the event of fire. Advantage : • Very thin • Fast & clean application • Space saving • Choice of colours

(Figure 30 ) Fabrication (left to right): the base section, the top section (inverted), detail of pinned connection on upper branch. 5. Lattice folded structures •

Folded structures are three-dimensional structures - spatial structures and they belong to the structural systems.

Based on geometric shape of: folded plate surfaces, folded plate frames & spatial folded plate structures

6. Flecto Fold Twisted louvers • panels can be rotated electronically by the user according to the desired level of privacy and shading • Reduce heat radiation from direct sun light and allowing positive and negative pressure for cross ventilation •

FlectoFold is an Elastic-Kinetic Material gradient facade component supported by kinetic steel plate

1. CAFCO spray steel isolation

65


Construction materials

Chapter III Construction

7. LED glass screen wall •

The screen will be used for the approaching media hanging Prism .

Achieving the inside out exposure concept and exposing what happening inside the project.

• Glass LED displays are modular & snap into place on support frames. Standard size can be used to assemble larger displays. (Fig. 31) led facade

All Power supplies & receiving cards are build into the modules, and the power cables can easily be connected.

(Fig. 33) Primark outdoor partition glass (Fig. 32) X-Glass LED details

8. Aegis Hypo-Surface Aegis is a faceted metallic surface that has potential to deform physically as a real time response to electronic stimuli from the environment (movement, sound, light ).

Driven by a bed of pneumatic pistons, the dynamic “terrains” are generated as real-time calculations.

(Fig. 34) Dynamic cells directed into high incident of radiation to provide passive energy 1. Modern Led screen

2. MARK BURRY- Aegis Hyposurface

66


Construction materials - Kinetic Solar Panels

Chapter III Construction

Kinetic Solar Panels: A Transformative and Expandable , Geometric System for Photovoltaic Structures •

conventional solar panels are typically oriented in a fixed direction, calculated to optimize the solar energy collection.

• As a result, the pragmatic and aesthetic reassessment of the form of the current PV panel systems, to achieve more flexibility and adaptability for incorporation into architecture seems well-reasoned.

(Fig. 35) PV Form

The face of the module

45 degree rotation

90 degree rotation

close arrangement 135 degree rotation

up

Connection point

PVC `

Base of the module

down

Up of the module

(Fig. 35) PV panel systems Exploded

• The flat main square modules were divided into four square segments • elevated, rotated 90 degrees and enlarged to increase the total size of the modules. Taking advantage of a weaving pattern, and taking into account the sequence of the elevated modules, the panels in the final proposed system have 3.3 times more surface coverage (to the 3.7 rate of the whole system) in the open arrangement of the modules. • An instance of the system, with a total coverage of 3.24 square meter in closed mode (60cm x 60cm main modules) and 10.70 square meter in open mode and designed to produce 0.6 kilowatts of peak power, is currently being prototyped. 1. The Adaptive Solar panels

Down of the module

(Fig. 36) PV panel systems elements 67


Construction materials - Kinetic Solar Panels Unit

Steel cable

Chapter III Construction Stainless steel frame

Young‫׳‬s modulus

MPa

180

Yield strength

MPa

502

Vertical beam c.s.

U section: 80×45 mm, t=6 mm

Horizontal beam c.s.

L section: 100×50 mm, t=6 mm

Minimum breaking strength

kN

9.1

Pretension

N

500

Cable diameter

D=4 mm

(Fig. 37) PV panel systems

(Fig. 38) PV panel systems details

(Fig. 39) PV pistons 1. The Adaptive Solar panels

(Fig. 40) PV sample 68


Construction materials

Chapter III Construction

9. Holographic Technology Using hologram technology in architecture and interior design treatments contribute to the development of visual and sensory perception of the 3D and 4D. FILM MATERIAL OPTIONS Non permanent or permanent sticking Anti-reflectives, Adhesives, Scratch resistance

(Fig. 41) holographic screen

(Fig. 42) holographic cartoon film

True holographic screens are made with holographic film. A „3D hologram‟ is an example phrase used to describe a simulated 3D image, using the old Pepper‟s Ghost effect (also known as Pepper Ghost and Peppers Ghost). These are commonly used for advertising and promotional activities. Advances in projectors and materials means Pepper‟s Ghost can be used up to life size and large enough to use to fill an entire stage. 10. Indoor floors Shades

Ceiling

Walls

Offices

Suspended stainless steel

Wooden strips

Floor

Construction Ceilings Armstrong Ceilings EMEA Bio guard Acoustic Mineral Suspended Ceiling Systems

Wall partitions

Nanofacture Grey 85 % light reflection comfort and resistance of any heavy traffic 0.06mm and sound reduction 19dB

Toilet Tile

Carrara Matte 6 in. x 24 in. Glazed Porcelain Floor and Wall Tile

1. GLIMM HD/3D HOLOGRAPHIC SOLUTIONS

Toilets

Rattan White Carrera With Light Bardiglio Lines

69


 Wall section

Chapter III Construction

Details section Detail 5 Joint 60 0 cm

5 Painted fire proofing truss support folded roof

Anchor Bolt

Metal Plate

Member 60 0 cm

Concrete ( light structure )

I Beam Column

Detail A’ A

Triangular reticulated arc Diagonal 0 30cm Rigid zing planchuela Nodal Plate

Bracket arm from 3’ - 6’ machined aluminium plates

Double glazed , clear vision , low E Operable Kinetic devices allow rotation of Elastic kinetic louvers responds for air direction.

Detail A

Bracket arm from 3’ - 6’ machined aluminium plates

B

Metal decking T Beam support false celling ( sprayed fire proofing )

Detail B

Halfen type curtain wall hanger fixed to curtain wall nits ( 2 per unite ), allow for vertical adjustment )

C

Detail C

Floor premium for air distribution

Horizontal extruded aluminium mullion at bottom

Detail 5- Wall Section

70


ďƒ˜

Wall section

Chapter III Construction

• Detail 4 Deployed Panels

4

D

Detail 4 D Kinetic joints Rubber Joints

Double glazed Deployed panels

High isolated aluminium Panel

Silicon

Detail 4

Detail 4

71


ďƒ˜

Wall section

Chapter III Construction

• Detail 4 Deployed Panels D1

Blot 6mm

D2

Steel packing

Top of concrete foundation

Base Plate 14 mm Bedding Space

Section Detail 1 Frame attachment slab Bolt 6mm

Base of concrete Plates of tines Twisted wires of steel

Marble cladding

Detail 1- Plan

W.P Layer 2cm Saddle Brackets

Detail 2 Metal Canopy

72


Wall section

Chapter III Construction

• Detail 4 Deployed Panels D3

D3 Sherigu Ban Structure

Detail 3-Sherigu Ban Structure Attached to Precast Pedestal Slab

Precast Column Below Typical Sherigu Ban Column Slab Attachment

Laminated beam L x 440 x 140mm

Steel Plate 260 x 160 x15mm Hexagonal node 150mm D Bolt M24

D3

73


Chapter IV

Structure


 Used structure systems

Chapter IV structure

Aegis Hyposurface Cells Lattice folded Plates Pre-caste Folded RC. structure D5

Girder Purlins I Beam Frame space truss

D1

D4

D2

D3

1. Flat slab structure

Where ? Using simple flat slab along the whole building spacing. Why ? helpful for total construction process especially for easing off installation procedures and saving on construction time. Benefits of Using Flat Slab •Flexibility in room layout •Saving in building height •Shorter construction time •Ease of installation of M&E services •Use of prefabricated welded mesh 2. Space truss

( Figure 43) Saving in Building Height

Why ? a rigid, lightweight, truss-like structure constructed from interlocking struts in a geometric pattern. are transmitted as tension and compression loads along the length of each strut. Steel space frames provide great freedom of expression and composition as well as the possibility to evenly distribute loads along each rod and external constraints. What ? tetrahedra built from aluminium or tubular steel struts.

( Figure 44)space truss

75


ďƒ˜ Used structure system

Chapter IV structure

classification Space plane covers. These spatial structures are composed of planar substructures. Their behavior is similar to that of a plate in which the deflections in the plane are channeled through the horizontal bars and the shear forces are supported by the diagonals 10 m spacing between farms.

3. Shergue ban structure - steel tree column As it allow the building to be elevated prevent blocking the vision , space between each column 8m and also using shergue ban to extra support for extended structure on the building form the sides, also using it to support they pyramid shape which is light weight structure .

76


D3

D5

I Beam Frame

Purlins

Girder

D2

D1

D4

space truss

Pre-caste Folded RC. structure

Lattice folded Plates

Aegis Hyposurface Cells

ďƒ˜ Axiomatic structure Chapter IV structure

77


Chapter V

Environmental


 Solar Radiation study

South Facade

Chapter V Environmental

North Facade Solar Radiations

Facade Treatments & Roof Treatment Different treatment according geographic orientation South Façade Stepped floor to provide high shadow rate & deployed panel to reflect high direct incidents also while still allowing low angled winter sun in to space.

West Facade West Façade Double glazed within deployed panels ( reflect high incidents ) & Folded roof reflecting sun rays.

North Façade Kinetic Louvers which allows maximum daylight and natural ventilation ( thermal heat comfort )

Shadow rate ThefollowingShadowsimulationsshowbothsce nariosofthelongestandshortestdaysoftheyear asexplainedingraph – 1st April 12Pm Lat. 31.2º Log. 30.0º

Shadow Ranges Preventing the building by using Folded Structure to reduce high radiation , also by using kinetic cells which projected to direct radiations to provide passive energy & to decrease thermal heat gain and create thermal comfort. How the roof treated ? By using folded structure roof which minimize the sun exposure expose most of roof surface to indirect sun light which reduce heat radiation that transmit to the roof , that make thermal heat comfort .

79


ďƒ˜ Solar Radiation study & ventilation

Chapter V Environmental

NW

` SW Indoor Environmental quality

Orientation of the building permit very good natural ventilation by directing the most of the elevation to prevailing wind direction. Kinetic cells patched on folded ceiling 24 cells in the high indecent radiation to provide passive energy . Indoor Lighting To promote occupants productivity comfort & well being by providing high-quality lighting 80


Natural light and thermal comfort

Chapter V Environmental

• Using stepped structure to allow self shading , which reduce heat radiation and allow indirect sun light as a diffusion of light which more comfortable and provide better indoor environment for workers. • Using kinetic panels as it works to sun reflection as it high insulated aluminium make benefit from light colour of aluminium surface to reflect direct sun , also penetrate diffused light. Also by using kinetic louvers to control of wind speed and penetrate also work as sun shades

• Using folded structure decrees heat radiation, and slide it down to the elevation to minimize the upper direct sun rays in the summer .

Summer mid –day sun ( high angle )

Equinox morning sun ( Low angle )

South West 81


Natural light and thermal comfort

Chapter V Environmental

FlectoFold Twisted louvers

• panels can be rotated electronically by the user according to the desired level of privacy and shading • Reduce heat radiation from direct sun light and allowing positive and negative pressure for cross ventilation

( Figure 43 ) SOM China Art Gallery

• •

FlectoFold is an Elastic-Kinetic Material gradient facade component The structural analysis is based on the geometry of the max. length (13,6m)

( Figure 44 ) Mock-Up Tests

Closed

Opened

Laminate material 82


South

June, 10 AM

Highly thermally insulating aluminium façade system The surface elements are opaque to provide shading (daylight control or solar energy generation)

• provide passive energy & solar thermal control

Responsive Kinetic ceiling • •

Green

Water Feature North West

Folded Structure (Self Reflective ceiling )

Elastic-Kinetic Material gradient façade. Respond to air speed and orientation allowing natural ventilation from northern direction and natural lights.

Flecto-Fold louvers

Natural light and ventilation study

December, 10 AM

Parametric Facade

 Chapter V Environmental

83


Chapter IVV

Sustainability


ďƒ˜ Environmentally

Chapter IVV Sustainability

I. Intelligent construction A. The system is constructed using natural and artificial processes B. The architectural image is embodied in Construction and materiality C. The construction is designed to maximize Material efficiency by using light colors and reflective material as aluminum and self cleaning white washed paint D. Each material is implemented to its maximum Potential E. Prefabrication/rapid prototyping ( folded roof )

Parametric Facade

Flecto-Fold louvers

June, 10 AM

Folded Structure (Self Reflective ceiling )

December, 10 AM

South

Green

Water Feature North West

2. Integration into landscape + building Orientation A. Analysis of the landscape and its natural elements Is the foundation and origin of/for design B. Building and landscape integration creates a New unit/whole entity

85


Economically

Chapter IVV Sustainability

Low Energy windows

Moisture resistant

• Improved air quality and comfortable living environment • Pollutant control and environmental comfort

• Products and systems that resist moisture or inhibit the growth of biological contaminants in buildings. MavRoc ceiling, lattice partition.

low VOC, 100% acrylic latex paint

Sealed garage

• Benjamin Moore Pristine EcoSpec Paint contains less than 10 grams of VOC's per liter.

Nanofacture Grey 85 % light reflection comfort

• protects leaving space from combustion gases including carbon monoxide

Low Volatile Organic Compounds

ENVIRONMENTAL COMFORT

FlectoFold Twisted louvers

• Court for natural Lighting and thermal comfort controls, open form , building orientation, high shadow rate

• Reduce heat radiation from direct sun light and allowing positive and negative pressure for cross ventilation.

86


ďƒ˜ socially

Chapter IVV Sustainability

1. Community A. Scale is irrelevant to the importance of an entity/group. B. Support for the exchange of experience and social e practice is embodied C. All members of the community are participants in and influencers of the design : women in hand fishing products , men in fishing by giving them licenses and provide markets place to dell their products , while train the youth crafts and get their daily needs.

2.

Culture

( Figure 45 )AL Max Community

A. The social history of the place is present in the design B. The geological history of AL Max is complimented and preserved the present culture is constituent of the place C. Cultural permanence is accommodated the quality of life for the fishing culture is enhanced by the design and intervention D. The collective conscious of culture is harnessed

( Figure 46 ) The culture of community Al Max

87


ďƒ˜ socially

Chapter IVV Sustainability

Culture is which manifests itself on

all layers of scale and is present in every species, poly culture, structure and system. Each cultural entity is a constituent of the place and should be harnessed and celebrated through the design process. Each place tells a story and has a history embedded within it and it is through cultural expression that these stories are told.

Socially by making an integration

between all the Al Max community needs, which is Manufacturing workshops training workshops “ educational “ , outdoor market , fishermen to get licenses , recreational area and also restaurants in one place to be the a masterpiece of Al Max and Alexandria .

4. Experience of place The experience of Al Max embodies a set of qualities and phenomenological characteristics that are identifiable in and specific to any place. The fishing , manufacturing experience is driven by clear systemic form. The place experience able by communities and individuals, and tell a story about the place by combing the Greek motive and light house in the concept . The experience of place reflects the intentions of the design and describes the regenerative nature of the system. ( Figure 47 )fisher men at Al Max

Light house

Fishing boats

Factories

88


Economical sustainability

Chapter IVV Sustainability

Low Energy windows

Insulated folded roof

• Reduce heat radiation from direct sun save energy bills • Double glazed curtain walls

• More durable roofs covering require less frequent replacement • Insulated roof and walls reduce energy loss and save money

Reuse local shipping containers

Durable finishes

• Composite and recycled containers products insure long life and low maintenance

• Siding and long lasting finishes increase durability and reduce need to re-paint

Kinetic Cells

Sustainable construction materials

• Minimize building mechanical and electrical system sizes by incorporating passive solar technologies to help meet space conditions NW loads and lighting loads.

• FlectoFold louvers recycled content, low off gassing of harmful air emissions, zero toxicity.

25 Kinetic Cells

Folded structure ` SW

Low Water Plants

Waste trashes boskets

• Select plants that have low water and pesticide needs, and generate minimum plant trimmings.

• Selling the waste product from manufacturing and fish products , increase project income

Sago Palm

Hesperaloe parviflora

Spider Plant

89


Figures No. + References


ďƒ˜ Table of figures Code

Title

Page

I

Reference

I Introduction

1

Chart showing jobs of Al Max residents

7

Gr. 23 Researchers

2

Street sellers

7

www.amusingplanet.com/.../the -fishing-village-of-al-maxalexandria

3

Residential buildings in Al Max with mixed-use building

7

https://dailynewsegypt.com/201 6/08/.../al-max.../al-maxalexandria

4

factors effect on the human behavior at Al Max make them on stress and unproductive

8

Gr. 23 Researchers

5

shows the environmental effect

8

Gr. 23 Researchers

6

Project diagram

9

Gr. 23 Researchers

7

AL Max map

10

Google Earth

8

Fishing logistic from 1960 – up tell now

10

https://egyptianstreets.com/.../t he-alexandrian-sketcher

9

Logistic function diagram

10

www.infodiagram.com/diagram s/logistics-icons

10

http://www.thecanadianencycl opedia.ca/en/media/5040/

10

Fisher men ,1913 Canada

II

Design Approach

11

Environment of Al Max

25

www.remax.com.eg/Avalon

12

Current Pharos

26

https://www.planetminecraft.co m/project/the-light-toweralexandria/

26

https://i.pinimg.com/originals/5a /12/d4/5a12d4

26

http://www.historyinsidepictures. com/TheAncientPharos

13 14

Giza Pyramids old Pharos light tower

15

The seven spectrum prism

26

https://i.pinimg.com/originals/5a /12/d4/5a12d4a2a6e32f3753986 1a6d0dfc639.jpg

16

World wide map

26

https://www.mapsofworld.com/

17

Greek Motif

29

https://i.pinimg.com/originals/35

18

Millennium Bridge

29

http://archives.njit.edu/vol01/et d/1990s/1999/njit-etd1999039/njit-etd1999-039.pdf

19

Washington University skylight

30

https://www.roofingcontractor.c om/articles/91105-r

20

fishing boat

32

http://www.lundboats.com

21

fishing boats , net

32

https://www.istockphoto.com/p hotos/fishing-boat

22

ETFE, Entertainment Center

32

http://www.fosterandpartners.c om/projects/khan-shatyr

23

man holding fishing nets

32

https://i.pinimg.com/originals/ 91


ďƒ˜ Table of figures Code 24

Page

Title

32

Conceptual sketch

Reference Sketch by the designer

Construction

III 25

Exploded panel

63

www. Bim-objects- schuco

26

SchĂźco Parametric System

63

www. Bim-objects- schuco

27

High insulated aluminum for reflection

63

http://www.worldstainless.org/File

28

High insulated aluminum for reflection

63

http://www.worldstainless.org/File

29

Exploded containers

64

http://steineckercontainer.de/container

30

Fabrication for space truss structure

65

https://www.progressivematerials. com.au/product/vermiculite-s

31

led facade

66

https://mcburry.files.wordpress.co m/2012/01/mcb_p_0000081.jpg

32

Glass LED details

66

https://mcburry.files.wordpress.co m/2012/01/mcb_p_0000081.jpg

33

Primark outdoor partition glass

66

https://mcburry.net/aegishyposurface/

34

Dynamic cells directed into high incident of radiation to provide passive energy

66

https://mcburry.net/aegishyposurface/

35

PV Form

67

www.dienststelle.de/2006/09/06/a egis-hyposurface-imts-

36

PV panel systems Exploded

67

www.dienststelle.de/2006

37

PV panel systems elements

67

https://mcburry.net

38

PV panel systems details

68

www.dienststelle.de/2006/09/06/a egis-hyposurface-imts

68

https://mcburry.net/aegishyposurface/

39

PV pistons

40

PV sample

68

www.dienststelle.de/2006/09/06/a egis-hyposurface-imts

41

holographic screen

69

http://english.bit.edu.cn/Picture

42

holographic cartoon film

69

http://www.glimmdisplay.com/ho lographic-solutions/

Structure

IV 43

Saving in Building Height

75

http://wsbnw.com/&psig

44

space truss

75

http://wsbnw.com/&psig

V

Environmental

45

SOM China Art Gallery

82

http://SOM.jap..museum.facade

46

Mock-Up Tests

82

SOM.japan.museum.facade

Sustainability

IVV 47

AL Max Community

87

https://www.remax.com/realestat eofficerealtor/alexandria

48

( Figure 48 )fisher men at Al Max

88

https://www.remax.com/realestat eofficerealtor/alexandria

92


ďƒ˜ Reference No.

Page

Reference

1

7

Alexandriaâ€&#x;s university Library Faculty of Engineering

2

63

http://www.worldstainless.org/Files/issf/non-imagefiles/PDF/Euro_Inox/RoofingTech_EN.pdf

3

64

http://steinecker-container.de/container/Container2/SpezContainer/Spez_high%20cube20.pdf

4

65

https://www.progressivematerials.com.au/product/vermiculite-spray/

5

66

https://mcburry.files.wordpress.com/2012/01/mcb_p_0000081.jpg

6

66-68

7

69

http://www.glimmdisplay.com/holographic-solutions/

8

76

https://theconstructor.org/structural-engg/flat-slab-types-design-advantages/13919/

9

77

https://www.progressivematerials.com.au/product/vermiculite-s

10

78

https://mcburry.files.wordpress.com

https://mcburry.net/aegis-hyposurface/

93


This is a report submitted as a partial requirement of graduation project fulfillment, and it provides an analysis of design process through the graduation project starting from site analysis till the design development and the final product. It contains a summary of all the studied data that contributed to the production of the final project.

Report for graduation project II - Email : nada.hatem@msa.edu.eg Spring 2018

Profile for Nada H. Shams

Graduation project II Report Fishing Logistic Centre  

This is a report submitted as a partial requirement of graduation project fulfillment, and it provides an analysis of design process throug...

Graduation project II Report Fishing Logistic Centre  

This is a report submitted as a partial requirement of graduation project fulfillment, and it provides an analysis of design process throug...

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