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Word of mouth THE CHANGING FACE OF DENTISTRY AND ITS EFFECT ON A GENERATION EDITION 74 MAY, 2021 SUNSHINE COAST >> 100% LOCALLY OWNED
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self-determined victim of 1960s dentistry, I like to say that I have lost count of the number of dentists whose retirement I have secured. My mother’s diligence in ensuring regular check-ups that usually resulted in any tiny cavity being packed with amalgam, committed me to a lifetime of dental appointments. About 20 years ago I spent a lot of time, angst and money having the amalgam removed but now I hear even that is no longer the answer. It certainly left many gaps to be dealt with in various expensive ways. Happily, the “drill and fill” of my childhood has been replaced with “let’s wait and see how that goes”. Now, it is said, the black mark may
Contents not be decay at all and a tooth could remineralise without further attention. As one dentist told me, “that’s why you don’t see dentists driving Porsches anymore”. I was recently quoted tens of thousands to have the perfect smile but pointed out that that was something I needed to consider decades ago as I would be long buried before I could get my money’s worth. In any event, there are many of us who have lived with a mouthful of problems that in some cases could have been avoided with modern x-ray technology and techniques. The bigger concern now is that members of this generation who still have their own teeth, even if they are cobbled together, are heading into nursing homes where oral hygiene is often low on the list of jobs that have to be done each day. Glenis Green this month looks at the dental trials and tribulations of this generation, the changes and what to look out for with ageing teeth. It’s sure to give you a smile. And now, Covid-permitting, I’m off to Perth for a short break. Moving at last. Until next month. Dorothy Whittington Editor
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Word of mouth – the changing face of dentistry The children who grew up with dentists keen to fill every cavity with amalgam, are now facing a whole new mouthful of challenges. GLENIS GREEN sinks her teeth into the changing face of dentistry and its effects on a generation.
hen Bev was called on to attend her father-in-law’s 80th birthday party it was with some trepidation. Having suffered problems with her teeth since long sessions of anaesthetic for heart surgery to repair a valve damaged in her childhood with rheumatic fever, she had pegs and three temporary glued-in top teeth while awaiting crowns. Her worst fears were realised during the festivities when she bit into a scone and one of her teeth ended up in the cream and jam and she was left looking like a pirate. “I’ve never been so embarrassed,” she
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says. “I just had this peg sticking down in front, but on the upside I’m pleased I didn’t swallow the tooth.” Teeth have often been the bane of the Baby Boomer generation who didn’t have access to the knowledge and practices of modern dentistry, and usually have a mouth full of amalgam fillings – if they are lucky. Many others just suffer the trials and tribulations of dentures – partial or full mouth – and the dread of eating out in public in case they come loose, or the discomfort of getting bits of food grating between the dental plate and gums. Often the fear of being seen “toothless” is all consuming and Bev
recalls her own mother – who, like Bev’s dad, ended up having all teeth extracted and replaced with dentures when they were in their 20s – refusing to ever be seen without her teeth. While her dad didn’t care and always took his out at night to soak in a glass beside the bed, her mum was intensely private about teeth issues. Bev remembers finding her mum unconscious after a mini-stroke, with her teeth fallen out on the floor. “I was waiting for the ambulance and all I could think of was trying to put her teeth back in because I knew she hated being seen without them,” she says. It almost sounds funny, but for a generation that didn’t grow up with fluoride in the water supply, white fillings, affordable crowns and veneers as well as implants and all the trappings of today’s modern dentistry, dealing with teeth problems can affect quality of life. Bev eventually had to have all her teeth out when she was 60 and with no substantial bone left in her jaws for implants, the only option was dentures top and bottom. All very well, but getting them to fit properly without pain or discomfort is a whole other ball game as anyone with dentures will attest. In Bev’s case she often ended up avoiding certain foods – or eating at all – and lost weight as well as the confidence to eat in public places. After many trips to the dentist, she is now coping OK but is envious of her friend Vera who had a full set of implants some time ago and seems to breeze through all the situations that can cause potential embarrassment.
Dentistry has transformed greatly since we sat in the dentist’s chairs as youngsters – often given a dab of mercury to play with in a dish – while the dreaded drill roared and hefty amalgam fillings were forced into every cavity. In the very, very early days cocaine was sometimes used as an anaesthetic. Ronald Leach a retired dentist with 42-years’ experience writes that perhaps one of the biggest ways dentistry has changed has been in infection control. It wasn’t that long ago that masks weren’t used and instruments were cold disinfected. Over time, blood-borne pathogens increased in the general population and things changed dramatically. Instruments were properly sterilised, gloves and masks became the norm and easily contaminated surfaces were covered with disposable materials. Dental records have also changed with electronic entries showing complete details of fillings, cavities, diagnosis and treatment plans. Filling materials which were once basic with silver and gold or porcelain, are now composite or acrylic with exact shadings, and implants are common. Even X-rays have changed from hand-developed silver emulsion celluloid film to today’s rapid digitisation and these days you get more radiation walking past a brick building than a dental X-ray. The arrival of dental insurance also changed the landscape, although it can be stressful finding out just what procedures are and are not covered by your particular level of cover. Cosmetically, the chance to have a better smile has never been easier with
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porcelain laminate veneers effecting an instant transformation by simply removing a small amount of enamel, rather than other long-term procedures. Tooth whitening, which began with chemical and rubber dams and lights that caused discomfort, can be carried out at home. There’s rapid laser whitening and over-the counter products. In fact, new technologies such as laser dentistry, cone beam radiology, digital X-rays, diagnostic imaging and intra-oral cameras have virtually created a new profession, so the real challenge for dentists is deciding which technologies to buy and how to afford them. Dental hygienists have also changed the landscape, with regular appointments concentrating on prevention rather than cure. But a growing proportion of elderly Australians now living in residential aged care facilities, is dependent on others for daily oral hygiene care and they often have high levels of plaque and dental calculus, or teeth tartar. The Community of Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology in Australia notes that with the declining rates of full sets of dentures, periodontal disease is becoming more prevalent in the elderly. And those with just a few teeth left or with dentures are suffering mucosal conditions and often rely on their caregivers to control or prevent oral disease. As Bev discovered, medications frequently damage oral health, especially in the aged population which is likely to be treated with multiple medicines. Dry mouth in particular leads to caries, pain, gum damage and tooth loss. Antipsychotics also can cause major adverse oral effects. The Dental Foundation of Australia says cognitively impaired high-care residents face increased risk of dental issues and a greater need for assistance
and treatment. Poor oral health has been linked with increased mortality and morbidity in nursing home residents and has a serious impact on quality of life. The association says the social impact of poor oral health can have an ongoing effect on other aspects of seniors’ lives such as their general health, social support and communication abilities. The Australian Dental Foundation’s aged care program strives to support the provision of professional and high quality dental treatment and related services to residents in aged care facilities and residential living complexes, to control and prevent pain, eating difficulties, communication issues and the social embarrassment caused by dental related problems. The association’s program operates as a fully functional mobile dental team providing a wide range of services to residents such as examinations, cleans and, where required, fillings, X-rays, denture services and extractions. The program bulk bills the Department of Veterans Affairs Gold Care card holders and participates in all government assistance schemes such as the Pensioner Denture Scheme, Emergency Dental Scheme and General Dental Scheme to reduce out-of-pocket expenses for eligible patients. Those with private health cover may also be eligible for potential rebates once full payment has been made to the foundation. The recent Royal Aged Care Commission included a number of key Australian Dental Association recommendations for dramatically overhauling the delivery of oral health care in its final report to the Government. Key to the report is that the commissioners recommended the adoption of the ADA’s recommendations for the Seniors Dental Benefits Schedule
(SDBS) to help make dentistry affordable to all older Australians. The report said the scheme would fund dental services for people who live in residential aged care and older people who live in the community and receive the age pension or have a Commonwealth Seniors Health Card. It would be limited to treatment required to maintain functional dentition as well as being an important health prevention intervention. Federal ADA president Dr Mark Hutton said if the Government acted on this report it would mean funding dental care for older Australians as well as seeing some fundamental systems finally put in place to ensure better dental care for those in residential and home care. “We heard consistently that oral and dental health care needs of people living in residential aged care are not treated as priorities,” he said. “Daily oral health care is not often undertaken and access to oral and dental health practitioners is limited.” Much of what was heard by the commission about the failures in dental care focused on lack of staff time and inadequate training as well of lack of access to dental health professionals. “But there can be no excuse for failing to brush older people’s teeth and clean their dentures daily,” he says. “The fact is Australians are living longer, often well into their 80s, and keeping their teeth for longer too, but with a longer life span comes more complex oral health needs. Rates of gum disease and dental decay are highest in the over-65s, for example.” Coupled with this are long waiting lists in the public dental system, poor value for money for private health insurance cover for dental work, and almost non-existent provision of oral care for those in aged care. It’s a perfect storm for rotten dental health in older Australians.
Dr Hutton said the ADA was delighted the commissioners had agreed to a number of the group’s key recommendations and it was urging the Government to implement the various schemes and processes to make these a reality. “With coordinated thinking between agencies, providers and dental practitioners the dental needs of our seniors in aged care means they can be assessed before going into care and receive ongoing treatment and care while in aged care or on a Level 3 or 4 Home Care Package through care by the same dentist and through enhanced training in oral health for care workers,” he said.
FOR YOUR BEST DENTAL HEALTH: • Brush twice a day, floss, limit sugar intake and visit the dentist once or twice a year. • Flush out remnants of fizzy and acidic drinks. • Don’t rinse after brushing your teeth - the toothpaste will leave a protective film • Use straws for sugary drinks • Don’t snack during the day • Eat nuts and cheese for dessert to help protect enamel. • Don’t use whitening toothpaste to excess • Breathe through your nose • Don’t brush too hard.
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IN A former mining village in South Wales, Jan Vokes (Toni Collette) rises at dawn each morning to clean and work the register at the local supermarket. She bartends at a workingmen’s club at night, all while caring for her elderly parents and disabled husband, Brian (Owen Teale). Inspired by club patron Howard Davies’ (Damian Lewis) talk of his time as part of a syndicate that owned a winning racehorse she decides to try to breed one herself. Undaunted by her lack of cash, she buys an undistinguished mare for £300 and installs her in a makeshift stable in the garden, and enlists a motley crew of villagers to join a fledgling syndicate. Using their retirement savings to pay the stud fee, Jan and Brian are overjoyed when the mare gives birth. They name the foal Dream Alliance. Based on a true story, Dream Horse is a classic tale of triumph against adversity, as an ordinary woman makes her wildest dream come true and Dream becomes a beacon of hope in their struggling community.
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Winners of double passes to see the comedy-drama June Again, which opens in cinemas on May 6, are Karan Mullins of Moffat Beach, David Harris of Woombye, Colin Jackson of Maroochydore, Faye Leggett of Coolum Beach, and Henriette Sonne of Mapleton. Passes are valid for most cinemas and are in the post. Enjoy the film!
IN THE GARDEN — with Penny
HAVE to love this time of the year! With some great rain and beautiful autumn days our gardens are thriving. Keep the weeds at bay by pulling them out while small. This stops them from seeding with minimal root disturbance to other plants. Time is running out to purchase bare root roses and bulbs. My daffodils and jonquils are already up. I leave them in the ground unless I want to divide them. A great time to plant sweet peas for bunches of gorgeous blooms with a divine scent. Roses will probably need a spray with white oil to combat scale which shows up along the stems. Spray late afternoon to avoid burning foliage. Give all plants some fertiliser to keep them healthy through the colder months. Deciduous magnolias are starting to flower, and it’s a good time to
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purchase one for your garden. Still time to plant ranunculi and anenome corms and gladioli. Plant seedlings of lobelia, alyssum and viola in a shallow bowl for a lasting display. Stocks, marigolds, snapdragons and calendulas can also be planted out. Caladiums are starting to die down. Remember to put a tag in the pots so they aren’t accidentally thrown out. Most types of veges can be planted including cabbage, cauli, broccoli, tomatoes and herbs. I will be opening my garden at 18 Strathford Ave, Nambour, to the public on May 8, 9am-4pm. Entry $5 and $5 for morning or afternoon tea, proceeds to benefit Nambour Community Gardens. Many plants for sale including some rare varieties, as well as hundreds of gardening books. Hope to see you on the day. Tune in to the garden show on 104.9 Sunshine FM each Saturday 8am-9am. See Penny’s Patch on Facebook. Penny Hegarty is the Garden Show presenter on Sunshine FM, 8am Saturdays. Follow Penny’s Patch on Facebook.
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BOOMERS HIGH ON HAPPINESS SCALE This group is also more involved in their community, with 73 per cent saying they feel connected to others. The least connected are the Millennials (born 1981-96) with only 52 per cent saying they feel part of wider society. “The sense of community is greatest in the older volunteer group who wants to give something back,” Mr Korn said. They are also the happiest.” The least happy are the Gen Xers (born 1965-1980) with only 59 per cent saying they are satisfied. “They are the middle group and they’re mostly mums and dads whose lives are a mess of stress,” he said. “But they often do revel in it”.
The hymn Rock of Ages was written by Rev Augustus Montague Toplady on a playing card in the 18th century? He was caught in a fierce storm while walking in Somerset, and took shelter in the cleft of a large rock. The curate then composed the words and music of one of the world’s best-known hymns and, anxious to get it written down, used the only paper he had on him – a playing card.
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OLDER Baby Boomers are the happiest and loving life more than other generations, while Generation Z, those born 1997-2015, don’t care much about money and live in the moment. But they find the juggle of daily life the biggest struggle of any group in society, an online study of 20,000 people has found. The research by Nestle found three quarters of those aged under 22 – the Zoomers – say they feel overwhelmed with everything they have to do. This compares to just 36 per cent of those over 70. Social researcher Neer Korn said young people could be materialistic, but they also recognised that having money wouldn’t necessarily make them happy. The most chilled generation of all is those aged over 73. “This generation no longer has anything they have to do – they are at their peak,” Mr Korn said. “But they have lots they want to do”.
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Many old favourites – customs, household items, fashions – have simply disappeared from our lives and we didn’t even see them go. There were no goodbyes, everything just kept moving forward. Let’s take time to remember. Cast your mind back to a simpler time, when plaster ducks flew across the wall, the “good” glasses were kept in the china cabinet, and aged aunts gave you a hankie for Christmas. We’d like to hear what has remained in your mind, and to get the conversation going and the memories flowing, have compiled a list of questions for you to think about. This is only to get you started, so feel free to come up with your own experiences that have become lost in time. In the coming months, we will bring you a countdown of the top memories that defined a childhood in the 1950s, ’60s or ’70s.
Pam Van Der Kooy, author of Stuff We Had in the ’50s and ’60s, remembers the old television sets. If you owned a television, the government charged £5 for a television viewing licence. This was on top of the existing radio licence (Broadcast Listener’s Licence) of £2 pounds 15 shillings. If you didn’t pay, you ran the risk of a fine of up to £50 pounds. Some people hid the antennae in the roof cavity or their TVs in cupboards in case the inspectors came knocking.
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QUESTIONNAIRE AROUND THE HOUSE 1. What don’t you see in the kitchen any more? A meat grinder 2. Did you/your mother wear an apron? Yes, tied at the waste with pockets that held everything from clothes pegs to a hanky that was freely used on all sorts of childhood ailments.
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5. What did you have in the laundry? Fingers caught in wringers and concrete washing tubs
DINING 6. What did your mother cook that you wouldn’t touch? Tripe in white sauce (not even cheese)
7. What was your favourite dessert? Blancmange
8. What was special for tuckshop day? Cream bun
9. Christmas memories? Big tin of Arnott’s cream biscuits, coloured soft drinks, leg of ham.
10. What was different about buying the groceries? No plastic bags, either paper
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15. Favourite games/books? Anything Enid Blyton (Famous Five, Secret Seven) and playing elastics.
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4. What has disappeared from your bedroom? Embroidered doilies with a
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Diplomat retires to the life of an author When John Michell retired from his busy life as a lawyer and diplomat, he decided to write a book. RUSSELL HUNTER meets the author who finds age and experience has put him in good stead.
any of us, when we finally stop working, take things a bit more slowly. We spend time in the garden, the kitchen, with the grandkids. Some travel and others prefer to stay home. While ignoring none of these, former lawyer-diplomat John Michell has become a writer. The author of two books, John, who recently turned 71, is an avid reader who is still learning from the best, none of whom he ever expects to even closely equal. Both books, Dublin Zoo and The Far Grass are heavily influenced by his professional experiences — his 33 years in the diplomatic service in particular, and especially the aggregated 21 years he spent abroad. His long-term overseas assignments included Moscow, where he witnessed first-hand the collapse of the Soviet Union, London, Washington DC, Port Moresby, New Delhi, Honiara, and Trinidad and Tobago where he was Australia’s ambassador to the Caribbean. John served as chief negotiator for the Australian-led Peace Monitoring
Group on Bougainville, Papua New Guinea. He was political adviser to the Solomon Islands Ceasefire Monitoring Council and deputy head of the Australian mission in Dili, East Timor, where he headed the mission’s political section during East Timor’s bloody struggle for independence. So why did he choose to write? His career had always involved writing, so “in 2017 I made a snap decision to write full time.” The diplomatic corps had always insisted that reports must be a certain length. “They had to be succinct and readable,” he says. “I decided to write longer than they wanted and then had to go over it and cut it back without losing the meaning, a bit like a sculptor with a block of stone.” Now, however, before he gets to that stage, John Michell the novelist – as opposed to Mr Michell the lawyer or diplomat – has to find and mould his characters. “I usually arrive at a fairly clear idea of who the main characters will be and what they’ll do,” he said. “That largely comes as a result of
gaining knowledge of events and times.” But that’s something readers can decide for themselves — whether or not it works. Dublin Zoo, a thriller set in Europe’s inter-war years, was published in February last year and The Far Grass (the title references those lonely cricketers posted to faraway outfield positions) last November. Both are works of fiction. He wrote the draft of The Far Grass first but set it aside “until I sorted out in my mind some possible legal complications that might arise from my previous work.” He returned to the draft only after Dublin Zoo was published. “My writing takes an internationalist perspective given I was a diplomat for 33 years, 21 of those spent abroad from Australia,” John says. “Added to this I have a keen interest in history and as a result both my books are set in frameworks incorporating historical international events.” But, as with all authors, readers can be hard to come by. In fact, for most writers, getting published – getting past the gatekeepers who decide what will
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29/04/2021 12:00:20 PM
OUR PEOPLE and will not see the light of day – is much more gruelling than the effort of crafting a book. Today’s relative ease of selfpublication has come as a welcome bypass. “Given the nature of my books, they’re most likely to appeal to older readers who can recall the historical events of which I write, or at least enjoy the nostalgia of those earlier times – the type of person who typically would
“My books are most likely to appeal to older readers who can recall the historical events of which I write.” read Your Time,” he says. “There’s also the fact that I’m an older bloke who continues to rage against the dying of the light as I now embark on my third novel. Indeed, one of my key tenets is that age is an aid to writing rather than an impediment – after all it’s the garnering of experience and not laying bricks.” But like most “emerging” writers gaining profile is a constant struggle.
“I can say, though, the feedback I’ve had from the small pool of strangers who have read the books, that is, neglecting the unconscious bias of family/friends, has been very strong.” John – like probably the majority of those who write today – self publishes. But there are still mountains to climb. For without the marketing muscle of a mainstream publisher it can be hard to reach those elusive readers. “It can be difficult to get your book in front of people,” he says. “Apart from social media which I don’t especially enjoy using, there’s the traditional media, contacts who have contacts and so on. But it’s not at all easy. “It’s a bit like moving a big boulder on the side of a hill. You keep pushing and pushing and it seems it’ll never move. But if you keep pushing it’ll begin to inch its way uphill.” A firm believer in quality – quality of writing and quality of content – John aims his books at the over 50s based on his own knowledge of history and international affairs. “They’re more likely to have a knowledge of modern history,” he says. “Yes, there is some nostalgia there and I think if I can write with clarity, that this group will understand and respond. Age is an aid to writing.” His books can be found at fishpond. com.au and inhousebookstore.com.au
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29/04/2021 12:00:37 PM
From Poland to Yandina Creek The Zgrajewski family moved from Poland a century ago and were pioneers at Yandina Creek, where they farmed bananas and made music. Their daughter, writes AUDIENNE BLYTH, became the most widely known member of the family.
tanny was a popular nun. Her real name was Sister Martha Stanislaus and before that it was Martha Zgrajewski. She was born in 1911 and died in 2015 at the remarkable age of 105. In 1939, she became a nun taking the name Sister Stanislaus after a Polish saint. For more than 60 years she worked as the cook at Southport Girls Boarding School. On her retirement, she lived at Holy Cross, Wooloowin, still treasuring her traditional nun’s garb, the penguin suit, and wishing it was never changed. She was always quick to add that everyone called her Stanny. In 1985, television host Mike Walsh invited her to appear on his show and described her as the ultimate in hilarious entertainment. Her bizarre routine included playing a range of whacky instruments such as the bush banjo consisting of a rusty kerosene tin, bits of wire and a broom handle, also mutton bones, lagerphone, zither, mouth organ and kazoo – sometimes all at the same time. No doubt these instruments were a legacy from her Yandina Creek days. She was a notable entertainer for charities. In 1980, the Bundaberg News-
Sister Martha Stanislaus with Mike Walsh in 1985.
Mail reported her musical talents while saying that she came from “the Snake Gully Settlement near Nambour.” They meant to say Yandina Creek. Stanny received a letter from Queen Elizabeth in 2011, when she turned 100. She said she would have liked one from the Pope but only if he was Polish. Stanny’s parents, Hipolit and Petronela Zgrajewski, and their son John arrived in Bundaberg from Poland in 1908. They managed to buy a cane farm in South Kalkie where another three children were
born and survived – Mary in 1908, Martha in 1911 and Agnes in 1914. There were seven other children, all stillborn. Isolation and great hardship marked their early days at Yandina Creek where the family relocated to a banana farm in 1921. One year’s crop boiled on the way to Melbourne and became worthless but the freight was still payable. However, they continued to work hard on the farm and became self-sufficient, even slaughtering their own pigs and calves and preserving the meat by corning, smoking or curing as there were no refrigerators. The family had a strong Polish Catholic faith and would ride horses all the way to Yandina or Eumundi to attend mass, having fasted from midnight the previous night, the custom at that time. They were used to making their own entertainment. Hipolit Zgrajewski instilled in his family a love of music and taught them to play by ear such instruments as a zither and an accordion that he had brought from Poland, as well as other musical instruments which he ingeniously made. At first, the two younger children had school lessons by correspondence supervised by the older children as their
mother was unable to read or write English and their father could only read English. When their daughter Martha (Stanny) attended Lower Doonan Provisional School, the female teacher boarded with the family and not only shared her bedroom but, because of a lack of spare beds, also shared her bed! The teacher was not too pleased with Lower Doonan and wrote to the Education Department “the bad roads no less than the distances involved prohibit travelling … all of which conspires to render Lower Doonan a swamp-pitted, inaccessible jail.” John Zgrajewski bought a T-model Ford, a “Tin Lizzie”, to transport farm produce and bananas along the rough bush tracks from their farm to the North Arm Railway Siding. The family also travelled and played in their own band at dances and concerts in the district. They went into business for short periods, operating a café in Eumundi and running a boarding house mainly for miners from Gympie working the North Arm gold mine. Zgrajewskis no longer live at Yandina Creek but their pioneering days live on in the name of Zgrajewski Road.
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29/04/2021 12:01:05 PM
AGES & STAGES
by Mocco Wollert
THE same group of dogs assemble nearly every morning in front of a café. I call it the Dog Convention. The dogs are as different as politicians, meeting for a session of parliament. They are not actually convening anything but dogs and owners love coming together and socialising. It fosters the communityspirit big time. None of the passers-by actually pay much attention to the owners, apart from the casual “hello”. All attention goes to the four-legged people. As I pass them every morning on my way to the cafe, the dogs now recognise me and are happy to be patted. I am always fascinated by their different personalities, as much as their owners. Firstly, there is Pippa One, a small honey-coloured Maltese Yorkie. She has pink ribbons in her hair and I call her the princess; she oozes royalty. She is disdainful of – and will not tolerate – strangers but now lets me pat her and I nearly drop a curtesy each time. Katie, the multi-shiatzu wears green bows on her head. She dances about “hey look at me, pat me, pat me!” She can’t wait to be noticed by the passing humans.
The two Cavalier King Charles spaniels, Pippa Two and Otter, are often in a pram. They are too old to walk any distance. Prams appear to be the in-thing for older dogs these days. It is not only practical but makes life easier for the dog owner. Pippa Two looks at me as if I were a long-awaited friend. Her eyes are like liquid chocolate. Touching her, is like touching silk. Among all the pedigree, pretty, long-haired canines, my favourite is a tiny bitzer, called Ratty-Natty. She is small, black, with erect ears and is in constant motion. Humans hold no threat. I am sure she considers herself a human. Come to think of it, I am sure all her doggie friends feel the same. She too shares a pram – and human – with Harvey, pure white and twice her size, not quite a West Highlander but close. This black/white contrast makes for an interesting family. The dogs are total opposites not only in colour but also in temperament. Harvey lounges contentedly again his owner, all four legs up in the air, unlike Ratty-Natty’s antics. I look forward to crashing the dog convention every morning. I love the variety, not only of the dogs but also the owners. The saying goes that owners look like their dogs after a while. Thank goodness, not the owner of Ratty-Natty. I am always in awe and wonderment to see the devotion on the faces of dogs when they look at their owners. If you ever want to see unconditional love, just look into the eyes of a dog. Even the scruffiest, roughest individual must seem like God to them. And no, it is not all about being fed. I never cease to wonder at the loyalty of dogs, even if they are treated badly. Maybe it is comparable with the child wanting mother, even though the mother might neglect or mistreat the child. When I hear stories about animals having been mistreated or suffering, I get very distressed and angry. Any person who mistreats an animal, should, in my opinion, be punished as if the crime had been committed against a fellow human. May your dog be happy and love you forever.
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LIFE has many phases. The latest had me browsing the babywear department and shifting cleaning supplies to the top shelf in the laundry. You guessed it – my husband and I are to be grandparents in 2021. But wait, there’s more … Hot on the heels of the son and daughter-in-law’s announcement, came the same exciting news from the daughter and her husband. Talk about sibling rivalry. Two grandbabies are coming our way. This has brought out various baby-related conversations. The latest was a frantic message from the daughter asking her birth weight. Her other half had revealed the hefty size of his brother and himself at birth. Will they find out the sex? Will they reveal potential names? More importantly, what will we be called by these new family members? Just quietly, hubby and I had discussed this topic well before the baby news. Baby No.1 will be part Swedish. Grandparents have distinct titles there, translating literally to father’s father and father’s mother etc. This would
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have us called Farfar and Farmor. This is growing on me. I’m sure I will be “far more” – far more than what, I don’t know. Baby No.2, due a couple of months later, will be all Aussie. Does this mean I get to choose a separate name? Absolutely. Some people seem to think Grandma sounds older than Nanna. My mother is a Grandma and Great-ma to the next generation. The name suits her to a T. I’ve heard of Nan, Gran, Maw-Maw and even a Babica. Gammy? Imagine if I developed a limp. Gammy with a gammy leg. Gi-Gi? Sounds a bit horsey. Granzy? I could spell that Grand-Zee and take up rap music. The rather formal Grandmother conjures up an image of a stern-looking woman in 18th century clothing. I have time to narrow it down. Babies don’t talk much for the first year or so. Hubby happily settled for the Swedish, Farfar straight away. Luckily, he has me to bestow another title upon him. Poppy or Pop-pop come to mind. Gramps or perhaps, Grumps. This could be fun. At the end of the day, the names won’t matter too much. Happy, healthy babies (and parents) will be our only real request. I look forward to this next phase. Happy Mother’s Day to all!
Call 134 478 or visit irt.org.au 14 YOUR TIME MAGAZINE / May 2021
29/04/2021 12:01:17 PM
With foodie MARTIN DUNCAN, the powerhouse behind Scone Time that brings communities together by providing morning tea at various venues around the Sunshine Coast each month. WOOHOO! Country Noosa vs Mary Valley Country vs Glasshouse Country Sconeoff with Noosa Black Coffee and myself as host is on. Set the date, Sunday, June 20, 2.30 pm. It’s to help us raise awareness and funds for Sunshine Coast Riding for the Disabled - RDA Inc. This fun fundraiser started in 2018 when Sally Hookey of Hinterland Feijoas and I, as Country Noosa president and Food Agribusiness Network both said our scones were supreme and challenged Mary Valley Country folk. Megan of Forage farms, Malcolm of Amamoor Lodge and Tanya of Melawondi Spring Retreat and more declared it was game on. Foodies in cafes and boutique accommodation across Country Noosa, Mary Valley Country and Glasshouse Country and a CWA lady or two are vying for the title of “Best Scones” in five categories: CWA Classic Scone, Savoury Scone, Fruit Scone, Rogue Scone and Gluten-free Scone
This talented bunch of ladies from QCWA Beerwah have a ton of knowledge, passion and baking know-how between them – and are very competitive. What fun! Book now at trybooking. com/BPMTG Sconetimes coming up are: Cooroy Memorial Hall, May 11, 10am-11.30am Glasshouse Country, Bankfoot House, June 10, 10am-11.30 am, with hosts Peter Connell and Ann Podobnik. Tickets $8 can be purchased online trybooking.com or call 0473 902 261 to reserve a ticket.
May 2021 / YOUR TIME MAGAZINE 15
29/04/2021 12:01:31 PM
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Rule out the reversible – it may not be dementia onset We have to acknowledge that there will likely be some deterioration in brain power as we age and although this seems to begin earlier than we might think, KAILAS ROBERTS writes that it does not necessarily mean that dementia is setting in.
decline in brainpower is not inevitable – I have seen people in their 90s that are as sharp as a tack – but it does seem to be the usual course. This age-related decline is mostly characterised by a slowing of thinking: It takes longer to find the answer to a question or the right word, leading to more “tip of the tongue” moments. A degree of forgetfulness may also be anticipated – new memories may not be so easily formed. With time and patience, however, the information can be absorbed and recalled, and importantly, changes with ageing do not generally stop you doing what you want to do each day. If problems with memory or thinking extend much beyond this point, however, it is important to rule out a reversible cause before worrying that dementia is setting in. This may include physical health conditions, psychological
problems and medication effects. Though these are myriad, there are some more common culprits that are worth discussing. When it comes to your physical health, deficiencies of certain vitamins can be problematic for your brain. B vitamins and vitamin D seem to be of relevance here. These are particularly important for brain health and having low levels can cause cognitive difficulties including increasing the risk of dementia. Kidney and liver problems can also affect brain functioning, as can low blood sodium. Likewise, an underactive thyroid gland can impair your thinking. These conditions are not uncommon and are easily checked using a simple blood test. The other physical condition I have seen frequently is obstructive sleep apnoea, a problem with your airways closing as you sleep, causing you to snore loudly and to have
periods of not breathing (the apnoea) overnight. This can have a profound effect on your ability to think and cause you to feel very tired during the day. It is more likely to occur if you are carrying too much weight but being slim does not make you immune. Psychological problems can affect us throughout our life. Sometimes they are predictable – occurring in response to stresses in life such as physical illness and loss – but they can also occur out of the blue. The most common psychological problems are depression and anxiety, and these can have detrimental effects on the brain both in the short term and longer term. They may be associated with chronic inflammation caused by the continuous release of stress hormones such as cortisol, and can cause changes in brain structure that may predispose you to memory problems and dementia.
Symptoms of depression include consistently low mood, lack of enjoyment and drive, changes in sleep and appetite and feelings of hopelessness or even suicide. Anxiety is often felt in the body – for instance as muscle tension and headaches, chest discomfort, changes in breathing and nausea – but also alters thinking patterns, potentially causing you to ruminate over worrying things or think the worst is going to happen. Sleep disturbance often also occurs. Finally, medications. As you get older, the chances of being on medications increases. Many commonly prescribed medications can impact negatively on the brain, especially when used in combination. Strong opiate painkillers are classic examples, as are sedative medications used for sleep or anxiety. Antihistamines can be a problem, as can medications for
incontinence and even those used for the health of your heart and vascular system. If you are worried about the function of your brain, it is important to discuss this with your doctor earlier rather than later (and don’t stop your medications before doing so). Treating any of these reversible causes may be enough to remedy the situation.
Kailas Roberts is a psychogeriatrician and author of Mind your Brain — The Essential Australian Guide to Dementia now available at all good bookstores and online. Visit yourbraininmind.com or uqp.com.au
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May 2021 / YOUR TIME MAGAZINE 17
29/04/2021 12:01:59 PM
From no tech to high tech – safety at home Living safely at home requires planning, not just hoping for the best. KENDALL MORTON lists some ideas to help you live safely at home for longer.
irst up, prepare for emergencies. Stuff happens and when it does, it will be easier for you and those around you, if you have planned ahead. For example, write up an emergency card. This will have key contacts, the doctor’s details and a list of medications. Place the card on the fridge and another copy in your wallet or handbag. Do not rely on someone getting your ICE (In Case of Emergency) number from your mobile phone. If you are out cold, you are not in a position to tell them your password. Use the old-fashioned contact card instead. There are a range of personal alarms on the market. They must be worn to be effective and you need to be able to activate the alarm by pressing it. This may work for a fall, but it won’t work if you pass out. That said, they are a valuable tool.
Another safety option is an Apple i-Watch. These have a fall alert. The watch notes when you have fallen and if you don’t get up within a set time, it sends a message to your chosen contact. Amazon has a program called Alexa Care Hub which allows you to check in with someone in another home via your phone. Say “Hi Mum, are you up yet?” and she will hear it through her Alexa device. It acts like an intercom. If
you are in trouble you can ask Alexa to make a phone call. This is handy if you have fallen and can’t reach your phone. The Alexa Care Hub also notes when someone has not been active. For instance, if your mum’s routine is to listen to the radio each morning via Alexa but she hasn’t done so, you may be alerted. Google Home is a voiceactivated virtual assistant with multiple uses. You can ask it to switch on the lights so you don’t have to walk down a dark
hallway to reach the light switch. Google Home can also contact someone if you fall or injure yourself. A Gold Coast company Home Guardian uses artificial intelligence in its home safety device for seniors. Known as Home Guardian Model II, this device does not have to be worn. It comes as a pack of three units with built-in cameras and sound sensors. The units are usually placed in the living area, the bathroom and the bedroom. The AI units have been trained to identify “normal” human activity. If they detect something different, they alert up to five chosen emergency contacts. The Home Guardian II can advise your contacts of many situations such as a likely fall, wandering, excessive coughing and when someone is absent. The AI is built into each device. No images are sent to the cloud or a central point for
processing. The processing all happens at your place. The information it shares, with your approval, is just the health and safety alerts. The Home Guardian II has been approved as an assistive technology for people on Home Care Packages, CHSP programs and NDIS. Nothing replaces human contact, as we have found from our year of on-again off-again COVID restrictions. But it’s easy to let time slip away and friends, family and neighbours become more remote. Make some simple social plans. Perhaps you could call a family member every Sunday or have your neighbour in for a cuppa once a week. This way you can be a valuable part of each other’s social safety net. Kendall Morton is Director of Home Care Assistance Sunshine Coast to Wide Bay. Call 5491 6888 or email kmorton@homecare assistance.com
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1300 899 222 | mckenzieacg.com 18 YOUR TIME MAGAZINE / May 2021
29/04/2021 12:02:13 PM
Give yourself a hand-up
FIT HAPPENS With Tom Law
Our hands and wrists may have new and different jobs to do in retirement, but flexibility and strength remain key. TRISTAN HALL suggests some handy exercises.
GOOD food, nutrition and exercise are important for a healthy life – nothing new there, but we are also being told that good friendships can extend life expectancy. Canadian psychologist and author Susan Pinker has studied different communities around the world, looking at the effect of friendship and close family relationships on longevity. She found people living in Sardinia were constantly surrounded by friends and family, and the result was a huge difference in life expectancy, with men in particular increasing their lifespan by years, sometimes decades, compared to other parts of Europe It is not an isolated study. In the UK, Cambridge researchers analysed studies about the biggest risks of mortality and found a lack of social interaction can greatly reduce lifespan. In the US, research showed that loneliness is so risky it has the same effect as smoking up to 15 cigarettes a day.
o you have retired and it’s time to play. If you are discovering your artistic side and using your hands to paint, draw, strum a ukulele, whittle or any of the other creative options out there, start slowly. Develop strong flexible hands and wrists to avoid repetitive strain, long term injuries and expensive surgery so you can keep enjoying your leisure time. HERE ARE SOME EXERCISES TO GET YOU STARTED. Hand massage Before doing these exercises, warm up by massaging each hand for a few minutes. Use your thumb and press into the palm of your hand moving across the whole surface. Give some attention to the muscle that supports the thumb. It can get overworked. You can also wake up your forearm muscles with some light squeezing. Remember to breathe throughout. Shake out your hands when you’re done. Fist, hook and open The tendons in your hands come down your forearms and move
through the carpal tunnel. To help your tendons run smoothly, try this exercise. Start with your hand in a fist. Open it halfway so the fingers are hooked. Then open it all the way. Meanwhile place your other hand on your forearm, so you can feel the tendons working. Do this in a slow controlled way for 10 repetitions. Switch hands and repeat. Shake your hands gently to relieve any tension. Finger stretches This exercise stretches your tendons so your hands continue to have a good range of movement. Hold one hand up and with the other hand; gently bend each finger back and hold for 10 seconds. Meanwhile wave your other fingers so they get a different
stretch. Switch hands and repeat. One cycle is enough. Do not force fingers beyond comfortable. Wrist Circles Place your forearm comfortably on the edge of a table with your wrist hanging freely. Move your wrist in clockwise circles 5 times, then reverse the motion. Next, drop your wrist freely over the table edge then bring it up again. Repeat 5 times. Do the same exercise for the other wrist. Finger Strengthening Place a rubber band over your fingers and thumb towards the fingertips. Stretch your fingers out against the band and hold for 3 seconds. Repeat 10 times. Vary the strength of the elastic band as needed. Switch hands and repeat. These exercises should help you build stronger more supple hands so you can enjoy the fun and freedom of your chosen hobby for a long time to come. Tristan Hall is an exercise physiologist with Full Circle Wellness. Call 0431 192 284 or visit fullcirclewellness.com.au
I agree, based on my own experience and anecdotal evidence. Many of the over 55s I regularly work with tell me the best thing about our sessions is the coffee group and breakfast immediately after the workout. In fact, sometimes if people are injured they will not attend the session, but still turn up at our favourite coffee shop to meet the rest of us for coffee and breakfast. The Man Walk, an organised walk specifically for men, has been very popular. The men walk twice a week with no purpose other than to chat and network about anything and everything. It’s on Facebook as “The Man Walk — Walk, Talk, Support”. We could all do with a little support at times. Social interaction is not only a pleasant time spent with family or friends, it can extend our life. Tom Law is the author of Tom’s Law Fit Happens. Visit tomslaw.com.au
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May 2021 / YOUR TIME MAGAZINE 19
29/04/2021 12:02:29 PM
Face fears and be safe shopping online Many shudder at the thought of purchasing online but also can find it physically challenging to get out to the shops. NATHAN WELLINGTON gives the tips on how to shop safely from home.
t is a conundrum. Many are reluctant to shop online because they are afraid of losing their money, being scammed, not receiving the goods they purchased or having their identity stolen, but at the same time, getting to the shops can be difficult. I want to share a story about a client who had never purchased a product online. I had been called out to help fix her printer. The old faithful printer had been limping along for years and each time I visited her, I would advise her to consider a replacement. One day the printer finally stopped working, never to be resurrected. The thought of having to purchase a new printer filled her with dread as she didn’t own a car and relied on her son-in-law for transport. She would not be able to get to the retail store for another week and wasn’t even sure what sort of printer to get. It was such a nervous relief for her when I suggested we purchase a printer online together. After a 15-minute search for a replacement printer, we found a similar brand at a price she could afford. Lo and behold, from the comfort of her dining room table she had securely purchased a printer that would be delivered free to her door the next day. She was a changed person, and with a few ground rules we laid out together, she felt empowered to take back her autonomy knowing she no
longer needed to rely on others for her shop visits. Here are a few ground rules to start you off: SHOP WITH RETAILERS YOU KNOW AND TRUST. Know the retailer you are purchasing from. I generally suggest keeping with the major retailers who have a reputation and a good online presence. ONLY SHOP ON SITES USING HTTPS ENCRYPTION HTTPS encryption is used to encrypt any data being transferred over the internet, which protects your personal and payment details. You can find the HTTPS sign on the address line of a website. USE A LOW LIMIT CREDIT CARD OR DEBIT CARD IF POSSIBLE To limit your risk, look at using a low limit credit card or debit card for internet transactions, this reduces your exposure in case of fraud. Also investigate PayPal as an option for purchasing online. USE STRONG PASSWORDS This goes without saying, but
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use a strong password consisting of letters (both uppercase and lowercase), numbers, and special characters which make it more difficult for would-be fraudsters to guess. WATCH OUT FOR “TOO GOOD TO BE TRUE” DEALS Throughout the year, but especially during holiday seasons, we are spammed with phishing attempts via email, social media, and even SMS texts. If something seems like it’s too good to be true, it probably is. Don’t click that link, just delete it. DO YOUR RESEARCH If you are not sure what to purchase, research online and compare retailers, their terms and conditions, delivery fees and insurance policies so you are comfortable before buying. Lastly, practise with smaller more regular purchases first from retailers your already use in order to get familiar with the process. The more you practise the easier it becomes. Call 1300 682 817 or email firstname.lastname@example.org
THE BIGGEST SCAMS and how to avoid them Superannuation has revolutionised retirement, and ordinary workers have savings that should set them up for a long and financially secure life. PATRICIA HOWARD warns it can also make them vulnerable. MANY retirees with fat super packages will become victims of various rip-off schemes, ones that can be avoided with a little bit of knowledge. The most obvious are online scams. ASIC estimates Australians lose $30 million to online scams every year and sadly, once the money is lost, there is little that can be done to get it back. Online scams come in many forms, from bogus emails requesting you to send money to clear a tax debt, to the infamous online love affair scams. The best advice is, just don’t. Don’t send money to an online bank account and never give your bank account details or identification documents such as a driver’s licence to anyone without knowing exactly who you are dealing with. The next biggest scam is investments that are simply too good to be true. Most common are companies promoting investments they describe as being like term deposits or secured against property, but which offer a much higher return. Typically, if you dive into these investments, you will learn your funds are being used to provide “mezzanine” finance to property developers and are totally at risk. Unfortunately, retirees can also end up losing money at the
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hands of their family. Too often, on entering retirement, people will discuss with their loved ones just how much money they have in superannuation. It is easy for family members to think you can or should give just a little bit of it to them. This can be as simple as making you feel guilty if you don’t, or to breaking the law to get their hands on your precious savings. The best way to avoid all of this is to never discuss your finances in detail with family. Unless you are very confident of your financial situation, keep every cent for your retirement years. While many will argue this is not strictly a rip-off, maintaining a self-managed super fund, or do-it-yourself super fund, in retirement is. Finally, many people move into retirement homes for the lifestyle and having a strong community around them, but this can often end in tears. Find a good solicitor to review any paperwork and ensure your financial rights and obligations are fully explained before signing. Patricia Howard is the author of The No-Regrets Guide to Retirement: How to live well, invest wisely and make your money last (Wiley), and a licensed financial adviser. Visit patriciahoward. com.au
Call 134 478 or visit irt.org.au/homecare 20 YOUR TIME MAGAZINE / May 2021
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Little Yaris toughens up Another day and another Sports Utility Vehicle for active urban types has hit the showroom floor. BRUCE McMAHON reviews the Yaris Cross and finds that it has some credibility on a forest track.
oyota has moved into the growing niche for sub-compact SUVs with the Yaris Cross, a jacked-up, toughed-up version of the Yaris. This one is chasing customers looking for a cross-city hatchback with some adventure appeal, maybe not for tackling the Birdsville track but a reliable companion to reach a far-off hiking trail or bird-watching hide. The Yaris Cross, with extra body cladding around wheel arches and door sills so you know it’s a rugged little mite, sits up with 170mm of ground clearance. Go to the all-wheel drive versions and there’s a traction control system to help tackle rough or slippery surfaces. Among nine variants, there’s the choice of two-wheel drive or all-wheel drive, 1.5 litre petrol motor or hybrid 1.5 with electric motor plus three levels of equipment. Recommended prices – before on-road costs – range from $26,990 to $37,990. The baby Toyota is a little longer in the wheelbase and a little wider in the track than a standard Yaris, with slightly bigger body and more interior space. It’s okay up front but while
headroom is good in the back seat, knee and leg room are a bit squeezy for full-sized adults. Rear cargo space is reasonable, and the back seat can be split three ways to be folded down, which is handy. It’s a very practical interior, albeit not very plush with a deal of hard plastic surfaces although there’s a fair range of storage spots. There’s not too much missing from the base GX model. It carries safety and
convenience gear from eight airbags to a pre-collision system, lane warnings and an infotainment screen for Bluetooth connectivity and all. Move to the GXL and you add satellite navigation and blind spot monitoring plus rear cross traffic alert. This last one can be a godsend in a Bunnings car park on Saturday morning. An all-wheel drive, hybrid GXL version of the Yaris Cross might well be
the pick of the litter. It has city-soft steering and understeer but good grip; it runs a Constantly Variable Transmission that can grumble under load but generally well handles the petrol-electric power. It will sit on a highway, or tackle a gravel road, at reasonable speeds and, with mixed use, still return around 5 litres for 100km. That version is not cheap at $35,000, but if looking for a compact SUV which will handle a range of needs, in and out of town, Toyota’s Yaris Cross has fair appeal backed by a five-year warranty with seven years for the engine and drivetrain plus up to 10 years for the hybrid battery. The interior’s not that flash. There’s no spare tyre – just a tin of filler goo – and the 85kW is never overwhelming. Still, the Yaris Cross has some character in its weekend-tuff-mudder body style plus some dirt-road credibility not always found among today’s tribe of SUVs. But don’t forget about Toyota’s bigger RAV4. Some versions aren’t far off the Cross on prices and it’s a bigger machine for getting further out of town.
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With a little help from your friends Friends are important at any time in life but as we age, we tend to choose to have a smaller circle. JUDY RAFFERTY examines introverts, extroverts and changing friendships.
onnections to family, friends and community give us a sense of belonging and a sense of place in our own little bit of the world. According to research, our friendship patterns change as we age. As older people, rather than wanting a range of people in our lives, we tend to have, by choice, a smaller number of friendships. The number of friendships may be smaller, but the friendships are deeper and more meaningful. There are a variety of theories to explain this. One is that as we age, we find social interactions increasingly stressful and become more selective about which we choose to engage in. I wonder if, with the wisdom of age, we become less tolerant of wasting time with friendships that are demanding or unrewarding. It is important to continue to make new friends. Unfortunately, it is true that, at any age, our current friends are not always going to be a part of our lives. People move on for many reasons. If your pool of friends is small, then it is important to have back-up or be ready to make a new friend. It is usually at this point, when I am speaking to a group, that someone timidly raises a hand and says,
24 YOUR TIME MAGAZINE / May 2021
but I am an introvert, so I find making friends hard. Do you know if you are an introvert or an extrovert? It is useful to think of these traits as being on a continuum. In your mind draw a line with extroversion at one end and introversion at the other. You can be at either end or, like most people, somewhere in between. An introvert is generally more reserved. That does not mean that an introvert cannot sometimes be the life of the party or enjoy a social event, it just takes more out of them and they are likely to want to go home from the party sooner. Extroverts tend not to turn down invitations and so may have a broader group of acquaintances. They tend to talk
to others to sort out problems while an introvert is more likely to ponder in their own mind. In fact, introverts are more likely to worry and possibly overthink problems. Extroverts are more likely to be risk takers. Making new friends is a risky activity. It requires you to be vulnerable to rejection. Perhaps the easiest way to identify whether you are an introvert or an extrovert is to ask yourself whether you find that being with others takes of your energy or gives you energy. Introverts need time alone to recover energy. Extroverts need time with others to recharge. Neurobiology helps us to understand us why some people are introverts and some are extroverts. There is a difference in their brains. Introverts are more sensitive to dopamine, a chemical in the brain that is part of its reward system. When it is released, it makes us feel good. Because the brains of introverts are more sensitive to dopamine, they need less of it to get the response required. It is easy for them to become neuro-chemically overstimulated. When this happens a quiet period is
needed to rebalance and recharge. Extroverts’ brains are less sensitive to dopamine and need more of it to feel good which results in more talk, more action and often, more risk taking. It could be argued that talk, action and risk taking are helpful for making new friends. The ancient Greek maxim was to know thyself. A jolly good idea. When making new friends be mindful of yourself as an introvert or extrovert or of being somewhere in the middle. I don’t think the Greeks said to know your neighbour but consider the person to whom you are talking. Initially, an introvert may seem a bit cold and unresponsive to an extrovert while an extrovert might seem a bit overwhelming to an introvert. This should not stop you being friends. It might mean you gain from each other. An extrovert will encourage their introverted friend to get out and about and the introvert will help keep the connection meaningful and grounded. Judy Rafferty is the author of Retirement Your Way, A Practical Guide to Knowing What You Want and How to Get It. Available at all good bookshops and online.
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Retirement village living, buying and selling Retirement Villages are not a good financial investment, so why choose to live in one? DON MACPHERSON has the simple answer – community.
ou don’t want to be known as “that nice little old lady that lives on level 11 who we never talked to” or worse, “they found that nice little old lady on level 11 after a week”. People do – and should – buy for lifestyle rather than investment. It’s a choice for companionship, community involvement, and security. Covid has caused people to re-think their lives, and to see others enjoying the wellbeing that comes with the community living that a retirement village offers. However, as with any significant transaction, buyer be aware! People buying into a retirement village need to understand the transaction is very different to buying and selling a house in the way they have been used to doing throughout their lives. Different retirement villages provide different ways of creating rights to reside in their properties. There are four main ways that retirement village offer tenure to an incoming resident: 1. LEASEHOLD This is the most common way that retirement villages offer their properties to incoming residents. The lease contract creates a right to reside for an extended period (usually 99 years – and we are yet to see someone outlive their lease). A lease is registered in the Titles Office. There is no stamp duty. Sometimes there is capital gain, but not usually. 2. LICENCE Less common, at least in Queensland, a licence creates a right to reside but is not registered against the Title Deed. However, there are additional protections provided under the Retirement Villages Act. Usually there is no capital gain. There is no stamp duty.
period – called various names such as exit fees, or deferred management fees. Exit fee percentages vary across the industry, and can be based on the incoming payment, or the resale figure. Other exit payments, such as renovation costs, reinstatement costs, costs of sale, legal costs, and valuation fees vary from contract to contract, and operator to operator. Some allow for capital gain (and loss), some do not.
Retirement village contracts are always long and complex, often running to more than 100 pages. Specialist advice should be sought before entering into a contract for any type of retirement village arrangement. Don MacPherson is an expert in retirement village contracts at Sunshine Coast Elder Law. Call1800 961 622 or visit sunshinecoastelderlaw.com.au
Don MacPherson is an expert in retirement village contracts at Brisbane Elder Law. Call1800 961 622 or visit brisbaneelderlaw.com.au 3. MANUFACTURED/RELOCATABLE HOMES This model involves owning the house, but not the land. The owner pays a site rental to have a house on the land owned by the operator. Because you own the home there is usually a modest capital gain possible. There is no stamp duty. 4. FREEHOLD This is the way that people are used to owning property. They buy the property (like buying a house) and can sell it at the end. They pay stamp duty. They get any capital gain or bear any loss. The title is registered in the Titles Office. This is the traditional ownership method. It is more like buying a unit in an apartment building and is subject to a body corporate structure. It is however rare in the retirement village industry. Whatever the ownership model, all retirement village contracts provide extensive rules in relation to occupation of the home in which you live. There are always ongoing fees while in the village. There are usually significant fees payable at the end of the ownership
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GARDENERS CELEBRATE 75TH ANNIVERSARY BUDERIM Garden Club, the sixth oldest garden club/horticultural society in Queensland, its 75th anniversary this year. It was founded in 1946 as an informal small group of residents interested in gardening and the beautification of Buderim through private gardens and public parks. The first formal committee was elected in 1949. The Club affiliated with Garden Clubs of Australia in 1975, and in September 1985 hosted its10th convention. In 1967-8 membership was about 40, and this increased to more than 200 in 1978 and 300 in 1988. It is now about 278. The first recorded BGC Flower show and Carnival was on September 3, 1949. In 1975, the Spring Show was the opening function for the Buderim Ginger Festival and was opened by Lady Cilento. The Gardens of Buderim (Garden Walk), commenced in 1988, and was the opening feature of the inaugural Sunshine Coast Festival of Gardens. More than 1000 attended. The club’s Garden Walk (open gardens) has continued every year and remains popular as part of the Buderim Garden Festival Weekend. The Spring/Autumn Flower Show is now in its 62nd year. In 1995, the Gardens of Buderim became a feature of the Buderim Garden Festival and has been held every year since, until last year’s pandemic forced its cancellation. The club is hoping for a great year for its 75th anniversary, with the Garden Festival and celebrations. Its major project is the proposed History Walk (Arbour) in the Buderim Village Park. Call 0477 611 819 or email john. email@example.com
GLASSHOUSE SENIORS THE annual general meeting of the Glasshouse Country Senior Citizens Club is coming up on May 11. Last month’s meeting was well attended and new members welcomed. There was also a day trip to Eumundi Markets, a brewery tour, and lunch in Cooroy. Visitors’ luncheons, which include stalls, progressive raffles, plus a major door prize and entertainment, remain popular. Coming up is a visit Caboolture and Pine Rivers Seniors Clubs on May 25, and to Maleny Seniors Club on July 27. Monthly meetings are held at Beerwah Community Hall on the second Tuesday of each month. Call 54969260 for fun, fellowship and outings for over 55s. 26 YOUR TIME MAGAZINE / May 2021
FAMILY HISTORY RESEARCH
GUEST speaker at the Caloundra Family History Research group’s general meeting on May 20, will be Stephanie Ryan who has been senior librarian in family history at the State Library for more than 20 years. A former high school teacher and teacher-librarian, she also has participated in radio and television programs and contributes to the State Library’s blogs. All are welcome to attend. Meetings are at the Caloundra Family History Research Group’s rooms at the SCTC, Gate 2, Pierce Ave, Little Mountain. Visit caloundrafamilyhistory.org.au or call June 0409 932 229.
CALOUNDRA CALOUNDRA Evening View club is a platform for women to enjoy friendships and visitors are always welcome. Members are of all age groups and come from many backgrounds. Meetings are held monthly at Caloundra Power Boat Club, Golden Beach, with a 2-course dinner and guest speaker. Call May Thomas 0414 369209.
CALOUNDRA Quota club members Vera Green, Helen Woodriff, Karen Zeier and Lyn Cosgrove at the recent Lamb Taste Testing Fundraiser. The club meets on the second Thursday, 7pm, and has a social coffee morning on the first Friday of the month, 10.15am, both at the Caloundra Power Boat Club. New members welcome. Call Karen 0451 075 677 or Dianna 0407 229 879.
CHURCH TURNS 100 YANDINA Baptist Church is celebrating its centenary. Although there have been Baptists in Yandina since 1910, and worship services since 1911, it wasn’t until 1921 that they obtained a building to call their own. The Pomona Union Church building was purchased and transported to the present site on the corner of Railway and Low Streets, Yandina. Yandina Baptist Church was officially constituted in 1921. The main centenary event will be held on the weekend of June 5-6, with a worship service, visiting speakers, book launch, history display, and various craftworks including a centenary banner. To join the celebrations and catch up with old friends call 5446 8156. Visit yandinabaptist.org or the Yandina Baptist Church Facebook page.
Craft group members Cathy Stone, Pauline Gray, Carolyn Adamson and Sandra Farrell with the centenary banner.
CONNECT WITH PROBUS PROBUS Club of Currimundi invites retirees and seniors to attend a monthly meeting to meet our friendly members over morning tea and find out more about the many activities on offer. The club motto of Fun, Friendship and Fellowship reflects the important role of social interaction in the lives of seniors and retirees. People who have relocated to the area and don’t know many people, as well as locals who have finished work or find themselves feeling lonely due to the loss of a partner or friend, can benefit by joining a club where the emphasis is on social interaction. As well as monthly meetings on the second Wednesday of each month, there are regular events such as golf, tennis, bowls, walking group, book club, craft group, day trips, lunches, dinners, coffee and chat mornings and breakfasts. There are also picnics for special occasions, progressive lunches and camping/caravanning trips away. The next meeting is May 12, at the Caloundra Indoor Bowls Club, Burke St, Golden Beach.All welcome. Call Ros 0458 753 922 or visit probuscurrimundi.org
CALLIGRAPHY EXHIBITION EVERY two years, the Calligraphy and Papercraft Group of the Buderim Craft Cottage displays its artistry and handcrafted paper designs for the community. This year’s show with the theme is “Words Words Words” is coming up next month. There will be artworks for sale as well as raffles, demonstrations and giveaways. The Buderim calligraphers have been meeting for 34 years and still has some of its foundation members. The group includes calligraphers, graphic artists and paper crafters who bring their individual skills in book-binding and mixed media to create and coordinate with traditional ink and nib calligraphy. Their work has been published in major calligraphic and art magazines and appeared around the world. The calligraphers have designed and printed a numbers of tea towels as a signature project. Funds from the sale of the tea towels enable the group to run specialised courses by interstate and overseas experts. Buderim Craft Cottage, Main Street. June 5 -13, 10am-2pm Monday to Friday and 10am-3pm weekends. Entry free. Plenty of free parking nearby.
GLASSHOUSE GLASSHOUSE Country View Club last month enjoyed morning tea and a talk on native bee keeping from Anne Ross of Hive Haven before heading to the start of the Beerburrum walking track (pictured above) where there is a bench bearing a plaque in memory of Maree Rau, a friend and club secretary who died in 2017. The next outing is on May 5, 10am, for a visit to Maroochy Botanical Gardens for morning tea. The May lunch will be at 11am on May 19, at Glasshouse Country RSL, 1 Reed Road, Glasshouse. The club currently supports four Learning for Life students. New members welcome. Call Jill 0417793708 or Janet 0448845303 or visit view.org.au MAROOCHYDORE After a recent talk by Rebecca Ind from Lifeblood Maroochydore, the Maroochydore View Club was inspired to become a Lifeblood team. Blood and plasma is urgently needed for all ages and all walks of life to save lives. Di Herd is the first donor on the Maroochydore View Lifeblood team. Maroochydore View Club meets on the fourth Friday of every month for lunch and a guest speaker. New members and guests welcome. Call Maggie 0418 793 906 to book.
PENNY’S GARDEN OPEN NAMBOUR Community Gardens will benefit from an open garden at the home of columnist and Sunshine 104.9 presenter Penny Hegarty. It will be on May 8, 9am-4pm at 18 Strathford Ave, Nambour. Entry is $5 and morning or afternoon tea available for $5. There will be plants for sale, including some rare varieties, desert roses, bulbs, stags and elks, garden books, pickles, jams and chutney, porcelain dolls and a garage sale among other activities. Eftpos available, just head to Nambour for a garden treat. Sunshine Coast
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Time to spring clean the arteries Cholesterol and blood pressure problems have become the curse of the generation. TRUDY KITHER suggests diet and the right supplements can give the arteries a clean and make a big difference to life quality and quantity.
logged arteries are a problem involving the inside layer called the endothelial layer. If there is a dysfunction with this layer, you will also have inflammation, scar tissue, cholesterol, and calcium buildup. The best way to check is the coronary artery calcium score with a CT scan. It is much more valuable than a cholesterol test because it measures the calcium buildup in your arteries, one of the best predictors of mortality. Your score should be zero, but sometimes it can be up around 100, 200, 500, or more. If you find that yours is high, you should be applying some of the following points and re-testing in a couple of months. 1. Make sure insulin levels are normal. You can do this by dropping your carbohydrate intake and doing intermittent fasting. By maintaining a low-carb eating regime (or even ketogenic), you will lower your insulin. High insulin levels cause inflammation and thickening of your arteries, possibly even clots, and AGE (Advanced Glycated End-products). Inside the artery, the proteins become damaged and unusable. It can happen
from consuming too many carbs and Omega 6s. Therefore, lowering insulin by low-carb/keto eating and intermittent fasting are the most important things you can do. Without doing these, the following points won’t work. 2. Consume foods high in Vitamin K2. They help to keep the calcium out of your arteries. Vitamin K2 is high in eggs (especially the yolk), grass-fed butter, grass-fed beef, Natto (fermented soybeans), sauerkraut, and a little bit of hard and soft cheese. 3. Tocotrienols (not technically a food) are potent antioxidants.
Tocotrienols are different from tocopherols, the vitamin E complex and are 50 times stronger. By consuming green, leafy vegetables, you will get a good amount of vitamin E, which is highly recommended. However, if you have artery damage, it is essential to take the tocotrienols because their antioxidant activity is so powerful. They can stop your artery damage from getting any worse as they prevent oxidation and free radical damage. 4. Decrease the Omega 6 fatty acids from your diet. Omega 6 oils are in corn, soy, cottonseed, and canola. Replace with Omega 3 fatty acids. You can find Omega 3 fats in salmon, fatty fish, cod liver oil, walnuts (which has a precursor to Omega 3). If you eat meat, always ensure it is grass-fed, as it contains higher amounts of Omega 3 fatty acids. 5. Check potassium levels. To decrease the arteries’ stiffness, which can then lead to high blood pressure, you need to make sure you have enough potassium in your diet. Every adult needs 4700mg of potassium a day, which equates to one
large green, leafy salad, of 6-8 cups. Potassium keeps the arteries nice and soft. Vitamin D is also essential for keeping your blood pressure low and supports Endothelial dysfunction. It is almost impossible to get high amounts of vitamin D from your food. It is better to get the high amounts you will need from either the sun or a high-quality supplement. You will need at least 10,000 IU’s or more to drop blood pressure. The good thing is, most times you will be able to see your blood pressure come down when you take it. The combination of potassium and vitamin D is a powerful remedy for keeping arteries soft. 6. Another good remedy for blood pressure is pomegranate. Take it as a supplement or put the seeds in your salads as it has excellent properties to lower blood pressure. Focusing on these remedies will help to keep arteries clean and working as well as possible. Consult your registered naturopath to ensure these recommended treatments are right for you. Trudy Kither is a naturopath and owner of Nature’s Temple. Visit naturestemple.net
May 2021 / YOUR TIME MAGAZINE 27
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OSTEOPOROSIS is a chronic condition that weakens bones over time, making them more likely to break. It’s often referred to as “the silent disease” because usually there are no signs or pain until the first fracture. About 15 per cent of Australians aged over 50 are affected by osteoporosis. If you’ve broken a bone in a minor bump or fall, you could already have it. Osteoporosis affects about one in three women over 50, but men are also at risk There are many factors that can increase the risk of osteoporosis, including, family history, low calcium or vitamin D levels, having some chronic conditions and lifestyle. After menopause, women are at greater risk than men because of the rapid decline in oestrogen levels. When oestrogen, or hormone levels decrease, bones lose calcium and other minerals at a much faster rate. Low levels of testosterone increase the chance of developing osteoporosis in men, and occur due to ageing and certain medications, such as those for prostate cancer. The lifestyle impact of osteoporosis
on sufferers can be extremely negative, so monitoring bone health and treating low bone density is essential as we age. Left untreated, osteoporosis causes bones to become brittle and fragile. With early diagnosis and treatment, you can take control and reduce the risk of losing mobility and independence. The first step to treating osteoporosis is to get diagnosed. A Bone Mineral Density (or BMD) test is a specialised, non-invasive scan that assesses bone density and provides information about bone strength and risk of fracture. It’s quick, painless and you may be eligible for bulk billing at X-Ray and Imaging. No preparation is required and you can even wear your own clothes if they are loose, comfortable and have no metal. There is no need to be concerned about the radiation dose, as it is so low that it equates to the radiation we naturally receive from the earth in three hours or about one-tenth of a chest x-ray. Call 5436 0888 or visit xrayimaging. com.au
Sunshine Coast Neurosurgery is the specialist practice of Dr Stephen Byrne, where we apply cutting-edge technology and the latest techniques to deliver world-class healthcare and personalised medicine. Sunshine Coast Neurosurgery have a specialist interest in minimally invasive brain & spine surgery and use their extensive experience to treat many common conditions such as: Cervical and Lumbar degenerative conditions, Brain, Spine & Pituitary tumours, and Chiari malformations. All patients receive one-to-one pre-operative counselling and tailored personalised care using the latest techniques. Please contact us - or speak with your GP for a referral - and we look forward to helping you along the road to recovery. Sunshine Coast University Private Hospital Suite 17, 3 Doherty Street, Birtinya Q 4575
T 07 5437 7256 E firstname.lastname@example.org www.scneurosurgery.com.au
28 YOUR TIME MAGAZINE / May 2021
29/04/2021 12:05:57 PM
TRIAL TESTS NEW SLEEP APNOEA TREATMENTS NEW trials at the University of Western Australia offer hope to sufferers of sleep apnoea who struggle to get a full night’s sleep without disruption. Sleep apnoea is the second most common sleep disorder affecting about 50 per cent of people over 50. It occurs when the airway or throat narrows or completely blocks during sleep. The current most effective way of treating sleep apnoea is via a continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) machine that blows air into the upper airway passages. However, less than 50 per cent of patients go on to use it long term. UWA’s Centre for Sleep Science is seeking volunteers to take part in one of two current trials investigating two new treatments that are possibly more tolerable than CPAP yet still effective for users. The centre’s director Dr Jen Walsh said there was a need for new sleep apnoea therapies on the market. “Current therapies for sleep apnoea can work very well if people can tolerate them, but these potential new therapies might be a great alternative for people who struggle with existing options,” she said. “It is really exciting that novel treatments for sleep apnoea are being investigated. Being involved in a trial gives people the opportunity to test-run and contribute to the development of these cutting-edge therapies.”
The centre is looking for volunteers up to 75 years old who have obstructive sleep apnoea but are not regularly using any treatments for each of the two studies. The first trial involves a small surgery with regular follow up and therapy adjustment over a 12-month period. Participants would place a small patch under the chin each night to stimulate the surgically fitted device and keep the airways open during sleep. The second trial, a pharmaceutical study, would require participants to take medication over an eight-week period. Both trials involve at least five overnight stays at the sleep lab at the Centre for Sleep Science, to assess how effective the therapy is for participants. Email email@example.com.
CLIMB YOUR OWN EVEREST FOR PARKINSON’S RESEARCH PARKINSON’S disease affects more than 100,000 Australians and the numbers are growing at 38 people a day. The prevalence of Parkinson’s is greater than prostate, bowel and many other forms of cancer and the total number of Parkinson’s sufferers is four times the number of people suffering MS. Of sufferers, 20 per cent are 50 and 10 per cent are under 40. To raise awareness and research funds to help find a cure, the Everest on Mount Coolum challenge is coming up in July. It is a 42-climb challenge over five days, accumulating 8848m – the height of Mt Everest. “You can do it locally by trekking your favourite hill, or stairs, it’s up to you. Form a team and share the load,” organiser Gary McKitterick Gillett from Trek Ready Himalayas said. Gary, 60, works at Nambour General Hospital’s Acute Restorative Care (ARC) ward with Parkinson’s and dementia patients. He said Everest on Mount Coolum was also excellent fitness training. He is preparing to trek to Mt
Everest Base Camp in October. “Every two or three years I go to Nepal and do a trek to raise money for the Shake It Up foundation,” Gary said. “Every dollar we raise goes straight to the Australian foundation which is linked to the Michael J Fox Foundation.” Shake It Up funds Australian research into finding better treatments for Parkinson’s Disease. This year’s Everest on Mount Coolum is on July 26-30. Participants can join the team or set their own schedule and location. “Anyone can get a team together or incorporate the activity into their current fitness regime,” Gary said. “The concept is simple. You just have to accumulate 8848m over a week, a month, or three months. It’s up to you and your trainer. “Use the stairmaster, the local hill, the stairs in your building, or join us on Mt Coolum or Mt Ngun Ngun, it’s your choice as to where you participate.” Register at Virtual Everest Trek on our-fundraisers.raisely.com, email Gary at trekreadyhimalayas@ gmail.com or message 0409 573 951.
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Ph: 07 5473 0724 www.kansha.com.au May 2021 / YOUR TIME MAGAZINE 29
29/04/2021 12:06:16 PM
TREAT FOR BEATLES FANS
SINATRA TRIBUTE HAS IT ALL
FOLLOWING two sold-out tours of The Beatles Abbey Road Live in 2019-20, the Antipodean Rock Collective (ARC) is returning to Caloundra to present the final Beatles album, Let It Be. ARC, comprised of Kram (Spiderbait), Darren Middleton (Powderfinger), Mark Wilson (Jet) and Davey Lane (You Am I) are self-confessed Beatles tragics. As with Abbey Road Live, the band will once again walk the tightrope to faithfully and lovingly bring another brilliant Beatles creation to life on stage from start to finish. Recorded mostly in 1969 prior to Abbey Road, Let It Be was released in May 1970, days before the film of the same name, and almost a month after the band split. The album has 12 tracks including Get Back, The Long and Winding Road, Across the Universe and, of course, Let It Be, McCartney’s ode to his mother, Mary. This will be followed by a second set, playing a selection of audience favourites coveing the The Beatles’ catalogue. Book now for an all-star performance. The Events Centre, Caloundra Thursday, July 15, 7.30pm Tickets $72. Bookings 5491 4240 or visit theeventscentre.com.au
JOURNEY through some of the greatest songs of the 20th century, as seen through a world-famous pair of blue eyes. Whether you’ve been listening to the man called The Voice for too many years to remember, or you’re a kid who’s never heard the kind of singing he helped make famous (or you’re somewhere in-between), come fly with the Caloundra Chorale and Theatre Company as it presents My Way, A Musical Tribute to Frank Sinatra. The show is full of the songs and humorous stories of Sinatra’s life, and the classic tunes of Harold Arlen, Irving Berlin, Sammy Cahn, Johnny Mercer, Cole Porter, and others. There’s a little romance with five crooners, a swingin’ three-piece band, and a
AFTERNOON IN THE PARK GOES TO THE DOGS
Grant Marks, Colin Butcher, Helen Duffy, Sarah Sullivan and Julie Marks production imported from New York City. CCTC Theatre, 3 Piringa St, Wurtulla May 7-8, 12, 14-15, 7.30pm. May 8-9, 15-16, 2pm. Tickets $32, concessions $29, groups $26. Bookings essential 0490 329 912
ALL YOU NEED IS JAZZ THE Jazz and Blues Collective presents Queensland’s award-winning jazz vocalist Ingrid James in All You Need Is Love. It celebrates the melodies from the 1930s to the ’60s and ’70s – from Cole Porter and Carlos Jobim to the Beatles and Beach Boys. James, an artist who can “move gracefully between traditional jazz and soulful blues with a powerful, yet sultry vocal resonance” is world-class and does not appear to follow the style or phrasing of any of the jazz divas.
The timeless melodies will be given the Jazz and Blues Collective magical mystery jazz treatment. A Coffee Crew van will be on site from 12.30pm and doors open 1pm. There is a BYO drink licence so bring food and nibbles, but no glass for drinking. Millwell Road Community Centre, 11 Millwell Rd East, Maroochydore. Sunday, June 6, 1.30pm to 4pm Tickets $25, concessions $23 Bookings ticketebo.com.au/jazz-bluescollective or call Graeme 0417 633 734.
A PLAY set in a park on the Noosa River where six dogs meet daily to discuss their lives, loves and social media status will be presented on site this month. Neil Nash plays Gussy, the golden retriever who practices Buddhism and is determined to win the heart of Honey, (Zoe Griffen) a botoxed Insta-star with 50,000 followers who refuses to connect as dogs do. Ali Lambole is Missy, an anxious little whippet who longs for a life of security with her best friend and Glen Miller plays Jock, the friendly bull mastiff, whose dopey demeanour does not attract the ladies. Roscoe (Curtis Bock) is a jack russell who can’t control his anger and Lily, played by the playwright Tania Nash, is an elderly labrador whose old way of life has long gone. Bring a picnic for an afternoon of theatre by the river. Pooch Park is supported by the Queensland Government and Noosa Council. Chaplin Park, Mill St, Noosaville May 8 and 15, 2pm, Tickets $15 Bookings anywhere.is/poochpark
The Bestt of Bublé A specctaacularr sh how celebrating the e so ong gs and d the sttorry of Michael Bublé.
Wednesday 16 6 Ju une e @ 11aam
Blo o om Blo oom sing gs hitts fro om artists Stevie Niickss, Carrole e Kin ng and Linda Ronstadt.
Wedn nesday 10 Nove ember @ 11am
Darren Coggan Jo oin Darre en Co ogg gan as he celebrate es the joy of being g home for Christmas.
We edn nesday 15 Dece emb ber @ 11am
The Events Centre, Caloundra Tickets: $22.50 / Groups 8+: $20 *Stagedoor Cafe will be open 2 hours prior to each show. Visit the website for menu.
Saturday 12 June at 3pm BOOK NOW:
theeventscentre.com.au | 07 5491 4240
30 YOUR TIME MAGAZINE / May 2021
Tickets: $49 / Concession, Group 6+ & Child: $45 BOOK NOW: theeventscentre.com.au | 07 5491 4240 Sunshine Coast
29/04/2021 12:06:32 PM
THE TAP PACK IS HEADING THIS WAY DRESSED in slick suits and equipped with sharp wit, Australia’s hottest tap dance sensation The Tap Pack brings its high energy, tap comedy show to the Sunshine Coast next month. Picking up where the Rat Pack left off, The Tap Pack gives a modern twist to the crooners and artists from the ’50s to the new millennium, featuring songs from Sinatra, Dean Martin and Sammy Davis Jr and forward to Ed Sheeran, Bublé and Beyonce. A mix of slick humour, high energy entertainment and world class tap dance, The Tap Pack stars some of the nation’s finest and most distinguished dancers and singers. They include Jesse Rasmussen (Hot Shoe Shuffle, Grease, Candy Man), Jordan Pollard (Westside Story, Anything Goes, Singin’ in the Rain), Sean Mulligan (from London’s West End), Max Patterson (toured London, Berlin and USA with The Tap Pack) and Tom Struik (West Side Story, Boys in the Band, Kylie Minogue and Shrek). Armed with lovable on-stage
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larrikinisms, they sing, dance and joke giving invigorating energy to a timeless style. The J, Noosa Junction. June 24, 7.30pm. Tickets 5329 6560 or thej.com.au The Events Centre Caloundra, June 25, 7.30pm. Bookings: 07 5491 4240 Tickets theeventscentre.com.au
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ORCHESTRA PRESENTS SEA SYMPHONY SUNSHINE Coast Symphony Orchestra is excited to be back together after a year’s forced break to present Symphony by the Sea. The concert is water-themed symphonic masterpieces by Handel, Mendelssohn, Strauss, Bizet, and Smetana. Peroframnces include The Blue Danube Waltz, The Pearl Fisher duet, Handel’s Water Music, and Mendelssohn’s The
Hebrides (Fingal’s Cave). It will be the orchestra’s first concert since December 2019. The SCSO, performing since 1972, has a new rehearsal space that fits its full 50-piece orchestra symphony orchestra. Coolum Civic Centre, 2-4 Park St, Coolum Beach. Saturday, May 8, 2pm Tickets $25 include a program Visit sunshinecoastsymphonyorchestra.com
GET READY FOR KNITFEST KNITFEST Yarn and Fibre Arts Festival returns to Maleny on July 3-4, when the main street will be yarnbombed. Now in its fifth year, the festival attracts about 10,000 visitors each year as it celebrates fibre arts and crafts with workshops, music, trade stalls and craft markets. The theme this year is “There’s A Dragon In My Garden”. Discover new skills and creativity
with the use of yarn including knitting, crochet, basket weaving, spinning and weaving and felting. There are competitions for community and craft groups and skilled artisans to decorate trees in the main street of Maleny with handmade art installations of yarn and fibre. There are also competitions for the best beanie, scarf, shawls and tea cosy. Follow on Facebook or visit knitfest.com.au
THE J THURSDAY 24 JUNE
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BOOK AT THEJ.COM.AU OR PHONE 07 5329 6560
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29/04/2021 12:08:28 PM
INDUSTRY EXPERTS ENTITLEMENT HELP
Let experts handle Centrelink dramas
Power of attorney laws changing
Help at hand to find home care provider
Knee replacement surgery
In a perfect world, CAPA Services would not be needed but unfortunately, we don’t live in a perfect world. CAPA Services is a private organisation staffed by Centrelink specialists who work to ensure that clients receive their correct Centrelink entitlement. Managing director Narelle Cooper has more than 30 years’ experience in dealing with Centrelink on behalf of clients and has addressed audiences around southeast Queensland on matters relating to Centrelink. She has attended Centrelink tribunals and achieved positive outcomes for many clients. We assess pension eligibility and ensure our clients are receiving their maximum allowable entitlement. We fill in the paperwork, handle correspondence and deal with any issues or complications. We update and upload, working with SMSF and business structures both simple and complex. We talk to Centrelink on behalf of our clients, and yes, we spend the time waiting on the phone. CAPA Services has the knowledge and experience and understands the Centrelink processes so can take the confusion, anxiety and stress out of dealing with Centrelink.
On November 30, 2020 changes were made to the law regarding Queensland Guardianship Systems. Some of the changes that came into effect include: • Changes to the general principles and health care principles. • Clarity on applying the presumption that a person has capacity until proved otherwise. • Clarity around what constitutes a ‘conflict transaction’. • Changes to the eligibility requirements for attorneys. • Limiting the number of joint attorneys. New Enduring Power of Attorney and Advance Health Directive forms came into effect, replacing the existing forms. Since the new forms were introduced, many of our clients have not taken up the option to include views, wishes or preferences or include a nominated person to be notified each time the attorney acts. It is easy to see however that in some circumstances the requirement for the attorney to inform another person when they are acting (i.e. the nominated person), could provide a ‘check and balance’ which may assist in ensuring the attorney acts appropriately when exercising their power. Importantly, from November 20, 2020 only the new forms for Enduring Powers of Attorney and Advance Health Directives can be used.
You have received the good news that your home care package has been approved, and now you have to find the right provider. On the Sunshine Coast, there are approximately 79 home care providers, so where do you start? How do you select the right one to provide the care you are looking for? What fees are charged? There are a number of fees permitted within the guidelines: 1. Basic daily care fees range from nothing to $10.85. 2. Income tested fee is set by the government based on earnings over a threshold. 3. Care management fee is from $34 to $340 per fortnight. 4. Package management fee is from nothing to $540 per fortnight. 5. Exit fee can be as as high as $500 for some providers. 6. Self-managed fee is for people who wish to manage their own package, but not every provider charges this fee. Many providers state they provide dementia care, but few have an established model. Your Future Care can help you search for the right provider to meet your needs or review your current provider to find better options.
Knee replacement surgery is a very common procedure. According to the Australian National Joint Replacement Registry, 66,729 procedures were performed in 2019 alone. Knee replacement surgery has evolved over the years and is now a very successful procedure. Improvements in implants, surgical techniques and various technologies to assist the surgeon have all helped to improve functional outcomes of knee replacements and patient satisfaction. We expect that these improvements will also contribute significantly to implant longevity. Many patients can expect their knee replacement to last over 20 years these days. Despite the success of knee replacement surgery, there are always risks involved. These need to be discussed carefully with your surgeon. It is also imperative that surgery be seen as a last resort. Patients should always trial a multi-disciplinary non-operative approach to manage arthritic pain prior to embarking on surgery. At Sunshine Coast Orthopaedic Group, we offer a world-class selection of surgical and non-surgical solutions to manage your arthritic pain.
TRENT WAKERLEY PARTNER, KRUGER LAW LEVEL 4, OCEAN CENTRAL, OCEAN STREET, MAROOCHYDORE 5443 9600, KRUGERLAW.COM.AU
CARMEL MORGAN DIRECTOR YOUR FUTURE CARE, 0488 221 678 CARMEL@YOURFUTURECARE.COM.AU YOURFUTURECARE.COM.AU
NARELLE COOPER DIRECTOR CAPA SERVICES CENTRE FOR AGE PENSION ADMIN SERVICES 07 5354 0144 OR 1300 043 197 ADMIN@CAPASERVICES.COM.AU
32 YOUR TIME MAGAZINE / May 2021
DR DAEVYD RODDA SUNSHINE COAST ORTHOPAEDIC GROUP SUNSHINE COAST UNIVERSITY PRIVATE HOSPITAL. SUITE 12, 3 DOHERTY STREET, BIRTINYA. 5493 8038 SCORTHOGROUP.COM.AU
29/04/2021 12:09:36 PM
NEW HOME LEASE-BACK PROVES A WINNER
POPULAR among Affinity Lifestyle Resort’s new residents is the lease back option currently being offered on newlycompleted display homes. “We found that retirees are wanting to travel after cashing up and selling their family home, but still want to know they will have a home base when they get back,” national sales and marketing manager Marlene Cumming said. One of the initiatives at Affinity Lifestyle Resort is that buyers can purchase a display home and lease it back to the
company for 12 months and achieve a rental of 4 per cent for that period. The buyer doesn’t pay site fees, management agent fees, council or water rates, home insurance, maintenance and other costs that are common to rental properties. The home is then used for up to 12 months as a display home. At the end of the lease, the company will clean the home and hand it back maintained. The buyer can then move into their beautiful home at Affinity Lifestyle Resort and start enjoying many of the advantages and the convenient location. There are terms and conditions, and the offer is for a limited time. “It’s such a win for the buyer,” Ms Cumming said. “They secure their home, have an opportunity to travel and make a great return on their money until they can move in within that 12-month period”. The location has easy access to major shops, medical centres and the M1, yet it retains a peaceful, country feel. Call 1300 295 807 for a personal tour.
DEMAND FOR LUXURY HOMES GROWS THE newest release of homes at Buderim’s only luxury lifestyle community B by Halcyon has been moved forward to satisfy pent-up demand. The homes form part of the community’s Rainforest Series, with tiered sites reaching up towards a canopy of old forest growth and established mature trees. Following the success of the first release of the Rainforest Series called Canopy I, there are 20 luxury homes available in Canopy 2, with eight doublestorey Daintree homes and a selection of 12 stunning lowset homes. Almost all of Canopy I was snapped up by discerning buyers in February, with increased demand driving the decision to make the next range of homes available sooner. B by Halcyon project director Chris Carley said there had been overwhelming interest in the Rainforest Series. “We have had a lot of interest from local buyers as well as those coming from Brisbane and interstate,” he said. “The market has responded to the quality and
lifestyle the community offers.” The Daintree is the latest home design being offered at B by Halcyon. The two-storey home designed by Base Architects offers spacious living with the luxury of a four-car garage and can be built in either a traditional or contemporary style. Display homes are open and new homes are available. Homes in Canopy 2 are from $639,000 to $1.3million. Call 1800 050 555 to register for a private tour.
COMMUNITY LIFE BECKONS AT BUNDY
SWITCHING AGED CARE PROVIDER IS YOUR RIGHT
IF IT’S time for a tree change, then Bundaberg’s first riverfront over 50s retirement community Spring Lakes Resort – in an enviable location and affordable price range – has it all. Located at the southern end of the Great Barrier Reef, Bundaberg offers the perfect year-round climate to enjoy a relaxed, independent and active retirement, and is just 15 minutes from the seaside town of Bargara. Project manager Grant Botica said the resort featured luxuriously-appointed homes and first-class features. As the Bundaberg region’s newest lifestyle resort, Spring Lakes was designed specifically for low-maintenance living. “We are the only retirement community overlooking 29 acres of river frontage,” Grant says. “We are also close to medical facilities, shopping and dining.” An onsite golf course and bowls green, pools, gym, cinema and community centre create a community that has it all.
MOVING into residential aged care is one of the biggest decisions an individual and their family can make. It affects not only the person needing care, but also close family members such as children and siblings. More often than not, the decision is discussed by the family and can be a stressful and uncertain time for all concerned. Since the move into aged care is a high-involvement and an intensely considered purchase, it can be extremely upsetting if the care and service provided in your new home does not live up to the advertised or promised expectations. Whatever the reason, it is important to know that you have the right and freedom to switch to another provider. The Ormsby, in Buderim, by McKenzie Aged Care provides warm and welcoming homes where people are cared for and cared about. The Ormsby team can assist and guide you through the process of switching to better care that meets your
Spring Lakes Resort is the only Over 50s resort in Bundaberg that can offer new-builds, with 12 designs to choose from, some with storage for caravans, RVs and boats. There are also newly-built homes ready to move into. “We have thoughtfully designed Spring Lakes as a community that has it all for retirees who are active and independent but want the security of a community around them and want to know that a lot of the maintenance is taken care of,” Grant said. Visit springlakesresort.com.au
wants and needs. Switching to The Ormsby and quality aged care is easier than you may think. We make the process as smooth and stress-free as possible for everyone involved and liaise with your current provider to ensure both parties efficiently manage the changeover. Call 1300 899 222.
Are you interested in
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and don’t know how or where to start?... Then call Margaret at Inspired Outcomes for some answers. One stop shop for Seniors moving forward Sunshine Coast
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0448 201 884 May 2021 / YOUR TIME MAGAZINE 33
29/04/2021 12:09:48 PM
The WORLD in Your Hands
Travel in Your Time
Have a whale of a time in Hervey Bay The first time he went whale watching DANIEL PACE suffered seasickness in rough Gold Coast waters and there was no sign of a whale. His experience with the Pacific Whale Foundation at Hervey Bay was completely different.
On-board expert Dr Kate Sprogis.
ervey Bay, a beautiful spot, 280km north of Brisbane, is the equal of any coastal town in Australia. Considering that about 30 per cent of the 23,000 humpback whales that migrate along Australia’s eastern coast between mid-July and early November each year stop here to rest and play, this is definitely the place to be. We arrived early for our 2.30pm departure and were told that the strong northerly winds would make the trip out to see these amazing creatures a bumpy ride. It’s a credit to Pacific Whale Foundation that they give you the option of rescheduling the tour or obtaining a full refund if anyone in your party is prone to sea sickness. After my Gold Coast trip, I felt some trepidation, but we took the risk and it was certainly worth it. Thankfully, no one was sick and many laughed gleefully as the boat crashed into the waves.
It was about 45 minutes before we sighted our first humpback but because it was close to a sandbank, the captain opted to not disturb the exquisite mammal and kept going. A few minutes later we saw our first pod but they were shy and not coming up to play. You need a fair slice of luck with whale watching but patience and persistence are definitely rewarded. Some chatter on the two-way radio between boat captains in the bay and we were off again. Finally the magical moment arrived when we spotted a mother and her calf playfully breaching. It’s an awe-inspiring sight as these magnificent animals, weighing up to 40 tonnes and around 15m long, propel themselves out of the water, twisting and throwing out a pectoral fin before reentering the water. This is where the dilemma between enjoying the experience and trying to capture that killer photo comes into play. I would suggest focusing on the former because unless the whales are close to the boat or you have a telephoto lens, you’re probably not going to capture an awardwinning shot. The no-approach zone by law is 100m so this is a show you’ll likely experience from a distance. But you may get lucky, especially if you take the tour in the early stages of the season, which starts in July. “Every day is always different,” says Dr Kate Sprogis, a marine biologist and researcher for Pacific Whale Foundation, who was on board to help spot the humpbacks. “Sometimes at the start of the season (July) you’ve got the sub-adults, or teenagers, and they definitely come around the boat. They’re very curious and don’t have a lot going on in terms of being reproductively active, whereas the adults aren’t interested in the boat as much
because they’ve got other things on their mind. “The mothers and calves are busy with their own lives as well. The mother has to save a lot of energy because she’s giving all her energy to the calves with her milk. “You never know what you’re going to get and it all depends on the weather.” Sally and Alan Dennison, from Maryborough, who took their nine-yearold grandson Isaac from Brisbane on the trip certainly loved the natural spectacle. “I thought it was great. I’ve actually never seen so many breaches and we’ve been twice before,” Sally said. Young Isaac actually enjoyed the rough seas in Platypus Bay off the world heritagelisted Fraser Island. And for grandparents wondering what their grandkids are most likely to ask Dr Sprogis about the whales, it’s their bowel movements. “One of the most common questions I get from kids is about whale poo. They want to know if it’s similar to a dog or a cat,” Dr Sprogis said. “From adults, the most common question is ‘how long are they in gestation?’ “When they find out it’s 12 months and
the mothers give birth to a calf the size of a ute, they’re like ‘woah’.” For the record, whale poo is usually a pinky-red colour and is a key nutrient for the ocean environment, creating “pastures” for small fish and krill to feed on. Local celebrity Nala, a female humpback who has returned to Hervey Bay every year since 1992, is the inspiration for a sculpture in the town built in 2012. But those hoping to catch a glimpse of the famous white humpback Migaloo will be disappointed. “I would love to see Migaloo,” Dr Sprogis said. “He hasn’t been seen here in Hervey Bay for several years. They say he goes on the east side of Fraser Island. You have to stay 300m away from him because all the boats go out and he gets harassed.” As for Hervey Bay, it’s the perfect spot to relax and unwind. Enjoy some fish and chips on the Esplanade and you never know, you might spot a pod of humpback whales playing in the distance. Daniel Pace toured as a guest of the Pacific Whale Foundation. Visit pacificwhale.com.au
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34 YOUR TIME MAGAZINE / May 2021
29/04/2021 12:10:04 PM
BILL MCCARTHY RAPED, not believed, persuaded to recant, charged for false reporting. Life destroyed. Seattle 2008. This true story commences with this shameful event. Denver 2010 and later, more rapes with a similar modus operandi. This is the backbone of the story. The flesh is the activities of the different police forces, the response of individual detectives and their efforts to find the perpetrator. Interwoven with this is the changing attitudes forced by a few brave female officers. The author describes how victim care, evidence gathering, the use of databases, better methodology and communication between different jurisdictions, has been improved. The rapist was caught, and the Seattle police humbled. The uncanny prescience of this story for Australians is especially notable. A must-read book.
SUZI HIRST A TRUE story, this was a harrowing, emotional read that had my attention from the beginning. The women raped were aged 18-65 years and each one was affected in a different way – victims and survivors, with long-lasting psychological trauma. Rape can easily be dismissed when reporting the violation and is often not reported for that reason. Women are often perceived to have brought it on themselves by wearing provocative clothing or drinking too much, which was not the case in these rapes. The book is well-researched, well-written and a must-read. One must hope that the “Me Too” movement will continue to bring positive results on this age-old crime against women (and men). 10/10
UNBELIEVABLE T. Christian Miller & Ken Armstrong
JOHN KLEINSCHMIDT A TRUE story based on investigative case files and interviews with victims and others connected to each case, it is frustratingly slow for much of the book. The rapist is clever and one of the victims uncertain about exactly what happened to her, making it difficult for detectives to make progress. This is a story of doubt, lies and a quest for justice, laying bare the manner in which rape cases are investigated and exposing the long history of cynicism toward rape victims. This book crystalises the extreme difficulty that victims have being believed. Not one of my favourite reads.
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IT WAS timely that I read this book during the recent media storm about increasing reports of sexual assaults on young teenage women and in the hallowed halls of our Federal Government. Written by two masters of investigative journalism, this book was not only disturbing but also educational for me. The true stories of multiple episodes of terrifying and degrading rape are skilfully blended with factual information about rape and rape investigation in USA. The rapist, a disciplined, intelligent ex-military veteran, meticulously planned, executed and covered up his brutal sick fantasies. His psychological profile was disturbing and the immediate and long-term effects he had on his victims horrific. The book outlines the steep learning curve that regional American police investigators needed to overcome male bias, poor interviewing techniques, modern computer science and genome mapping. A must read. 8/10
JO BOURKE ALTHOUGH this is a story of painstaking police work with hundreds of references in the index, it reads like a crime novel with chilling portrayals of the rapist and his victims – definitely not to be read when alone at night. I feel so sorry and angry for Marie, accused of false reporting, who had to wait three years to be vindicated and another two years for monetary compensation. Unfortunately judgements were made by friends and police based on Marie’s troubled childhood. One wonders how many victims would have been saved had Marie been believed during the early interviews. Thanks to the perseverance of two detectives the rapist will never be released. It is to be hoped that this account will be compulsory reading for all police personnel involved in investigating sexual complaints. This book has been difficult to review given the claims of sexual harassment and historical rape in our echelons of power. Perhaps a copy of this book could find its way to parliament!
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36 YOUR TIME MAGAZINE / May 2021
On August 11, 2008, Marie reported that a masked man had broken into her home near Seattle and raped her. Within days, police – and even those closest to Marie – became suspicious of her story. Confronted by minor inconsistencies and doubt, 18-year-old Marie broke down and said her story was a lie and was charged with making a false report. Two years later, two detectives join forces on cases of sexual assault and soon discover they are dealing with a serial rapist. Marie’s story bears an eerie resemblance. This true crime story told by two Pulitzer Prize-winning journalists is a chilling tale of doubt, lies, and the hunt for justice, unveiling the disturbing reality of how sexual assault is investigated and the long history of scepticism toward its victims.
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MARY BARBER THIS is an important and very readable book about a serial rapist in the USA and the women who suffered at his hands. The connected stories show how debilitating the process of reporting a rape can be, having to recount the painful events many times while in a state of shock and trauma. The preconceptions of police and other professionals can influence whether you are believed. I found the book a little hard to follow at times. There are many cases across states and many police officers involved. However, it is a well written account of what these women faced. It’s horrific. The rapist is cold, calculating and very difficult to catch. It’s a worthwhile and informative read.
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6 3 2 7 4 9 8 5 1
7 1 4 8 5 6 9 3 2
8 5 9 3 1 2 4 6 7
9 7 5 2 6 3 1 4 8
3 2 6 1 8 4 7 9 5
4 8 1 9 7 5 6 2 3
7 3 8 1 2 9 5 6 4
CODEWORD P C D R I K S Y Z M X QW 2
H L U O J V B N A G T E F 3
4 6 9 2 8 1 7 5 3
8 7 2 5 9 3 1 4 6
3 5 1 7 4 6 8 9 2
1 8 4 9 6 2 3 7 5
5 2 7 3 1 4 6 8 9
6 9 3 8 5 7 4 2 1
Secret message: Built environments
2 1 6 4 7 5 9 3 8
9 4 5 6 3 8 2 1 7
2 6 8 4 3 1 5 7 9
WORD STEP DRANK, PRANK, PLANK, PLANS, PLAYS, PLOYS
floor, folly, fool, forlorn, FORLORNLY, loon, lorry, only, roll, roof
1. Pre-decimal currency, what predominant colour was a one-pound note? 2. In which country are the Sunwolves super rugby union team based? 3. What is the specialised area of study of an ichthyologist? logist? 4. Mong Kok is a shopping district in which large city? y? 5. At the end of a letter, email or text message, what does the letter “x” mean? 6. In which country is the world’s southernmost McDonald’s Donald’s restaurant? 7. In Boney M’s song, who was described as “Russia’s greatest love machine”? 8. To “chortle” is to do what? 9. What is the length of Australia’s longest straight stretch retch of road: 146km, 164km, 188km? 10. What mattress size is between double and king? 11. In what sport did Lester Piggott excel? 12. How many five-point stars are on the Australian flag? 13. On which Queensland island is the famous Whitehaven ehaven Beach? 14. What African animal has a variety called Rothschild? 15. Who was prime minister when John Howard was treasurer? 16. If a yacht left Redcliffe and sailed exactly east, in what country would it make landfall? 17. How many dots are on a single die? 18. Which of the Seven Deadly Sins is represented by the colour green? 19. What pseudonym did Samuel Langhorne Clemens use? 20. Which Australian state grows the most pineapples?
PUZZLE SOLUTIONS QUICK CROSSWORD
1 4 3 5 9 7 2 8 6
With Quizmaster Allan Blackburn
5 9 7 6 2 8 3 1 4
There may be other correct answers
1. Green; 2. Japan; 3. Fish; 4. Hong Kong; 5. Kiss; 6. New Zealand (Invercargill); 7. Rasputin; 8. Laugh; 9. 146km; 10. Queen; 11.Horse racing, jockey; 12. One; 13. Whitsunday Island; 14. Giraffe; 15. Malcolm Fraser; 16. Australia (Moreton Island); 17. 21; 18. Envy; 19. Mark Twain; 20. Queensland.
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Kendall Morton Director May 2021 / YOUR TIME MAGAZINE 37
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ACROSS 1 6 8 9 10 11 13 14 15
The default cut-out kept changing (10) Those aﬂoat on platforms made of rooﬁng beams? (7) Ninety-nine, out of choice, return the voice (4) The electronic version of you (4) Evade rabbit traps or you will end up shortened (11) Cover for the rig with a broken part (4) Sound contented but not quite pure, right? (4) Large value account charged chemical amalgamation (7) A nasty habit: I step into an infectious disease (9,1)
The store faced difﬁculties as predicted (10) 2 This continental greeting leaves the US intelligence organisation with nothing (4) 3 The rival outlet retuned to an invisible wavelength (11) 4 Pastry made by a degraded woman? (4) 5 It was the dumber crab that went after the small food fragment (10) 6 The kind of confused, empty talk you can eat? (7) 7 The hunts go better with this weapon (7) 12 Informer gives a mathematical constant to a parliamentarian (4) 13 Be in poor humour when they sack political leader ﬁrst (4)
WORK IT OUT!
The leftover letters will spell out a secret message No. 046
SUDOKU Level: Medium
BRUTALISM BUILDING DESIGN ENGINEERING GEOMETRY GOTHIC MODERNIST PATTERN ROMANESQUE STEEL STONE
Copyright © Reuben’s Puzzles www.reubenspuzzles.com.au. Refer to the website for a cryptic solving guide.
7 5 9 7
6 1 4 8 3
3 1 1 4 5 9 9 6 3
6 2 9
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29/04/2021 12:11:03 PM
5 words: Good 8 words: Very good
10 words: Excellent
Using the nine letters in the grid, how many words of four letters or more can you list? The centre letter must be included and each letter may only be used once. No colloquial or foreign words. No capitalised nouns, apostrophes or plural words ending in “s”.
ACROSS 1 6 10 11 12
13 14 15 20 21 25 26 28
Variety of nut (9) Boss (4) Tavern (3) Confusing (10) A rectangle halved from diagonal corners (8) Special abilities (6) Objurgation (4) Group of organisms (7) Obliterated (7) Circle of light (4) Spectacles (6) Rocky (8) Impregnating (11)
29 Biological blueprint (abb) (3) 30 Calm (4) 31 Worsen (9)
1 Ofﬁce machines (8) 2 Conscious (8) 3 West Australian port city (6) 4 Apologise, eat – (9) 5 Musical instrument (4) 7 Treble (6) 8 Abstract (6) 9 Book of the Old Testament (7)
16 17 18 19 22 23 24 27
Purifying (9) Non-speciﬁc (7) Asian country (8) Temper (8) Employable (6) Car fuel (6) Brand (6) Middle Simpsons child (4)
SUDOKU Level: Easy
9 4 6 1 2 7 8 9 6 6 7 3 2 3 6 1 9 2 5 2 8 1 6 8 3 4 9 2 1 7 WORK IT OUT!
Complete the list by changing one letter at a time to create a new word at each step. One possible answer shown below.
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Welcome to Your Time magazine, your 55+ baby boomers to seniors magazine on the Sunshine Coast and Brisbane. We hope you enjoy the read and...
Published on May 4, 2021
Welcome to Your Time magazine, your 55+ baby boomers to seniors magazine on the Sunshine Coast and Brisbane. We hope you enjoy the read and...