Learn how to pair food and wine, pg. 6
Assistants, trainers keep football ticking. SPORTS, pg. 12
lcohol wareness A A Volume LXXVI, Number 123
Wednesday, May 16, 2012
The real cost of an alcoholic beverage
Know the signs of alcohol poisoning:
• mental confusion • unresponsive • gasping for air • throwing up • cold/clammy skin • erratic breathing • loss of consciousness • paleness of skin *information provided by Aware Awake Alive ERIN HURLEY
GRAPHIC BY MELISSA WONG/MUSTANG DAILY
A night of revelry can leave drinkers with more than just a nasty hangover. Laws against public intoxication and driving under the influence can leave people, and their pocketbooks, hurting for much longer than a hangover ever will. The fine for being found drunk in public is around $370, according to San Luis Obispo Superior Court’s 2012 Bail Schedule, though the exact number is up to the discretion of a judge. Driving under the influence (DUI) is even more costly, because bail is usually $5,000 for a first offense, according to the 2012 Bail Schedule. This does not include court fees, insurance costs and long-term effects of driving after drinking.
The costs of drinking and driving go far beyond several thousand dollars in fees, though, drug and alcohol specialist for the County of San Luis Obispo Health Agency Jenn Rhoads said. “It’s not very cut and dry,” Rhoads said. “It all depends on what kind of situation it was.” In addition to spending at least four hours in jail after an arrest, people arrested for drinking and driving can have their license restricted or lose it entirely. Anyone under 21 found driving with any alcohol in their system will lose their license for at least one year, Rhoads said. People over the age of 21 can have their license restricted, or lose it for a year, depending on the circumstances of their arrest and their blood alcohol content (BAC). A blood alcohol content
You have to still have a significant amount of alcohol in your system to be behaving in an impaired manner. JENN RHOADS COUNTY OF SAN LUIS OBISPO HEALTH AGENCY ALCOHOL SPECIALIST
greater than 0.08 is over the legal limit, and usually results in a misdemeanor DUI, while driving with greater than 0.2 is considered a felony, Rhoads said. If, however, a driver is found to be under the influence in connection to a crash, the DUI is immediately a felony, Rhoads said. “Of course the penalties are higher and more serious if there was a car crash involved,” Rhoads said. And anyone convicted of a DUI in San Luis Obispo has to attend alcohol awareness programs at San Luis Obispo’s Drug and Alcohol Services, at an additional cost. Even driving after one or two drinks can cost, though, Rhoads said, because of a lesser DUI called a “wet reckless.” The wet reckless describes someone who is pulled over for driving erratically, and is found to have consumed alcohol, but blows a BAC below the .08 limit. “You have to still have a significant amount of alcohol in your system to be behaving in an impaired
ARTS, pg. 9
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manner,” Rhoads said. For wet reckless offenders and minors who blow less than a .08, a required two-month alcohol awareness class will cost $311. For larger offenses though, people are sentenced to longer, costlier programs — up to the 18-month, $2,283 Second Chance program for people convicted of more than one DUI in 10 years. And any DUI will result in higher insurance costs for years to come, Rhoads said. Even for those who don’t get behind the wheel afterward, drinking can lead to negative consequences with the law. A drunk in public charge usually costs around $370 for the first offense, and stays on an offender’s record, according to the San Luis Obispo Susee REAL COST, pg. 2
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Alcohol poisoning can turn a party scene into a lifethreatening situation, and if the symptoms aren’t recognized, the consequences can be deadly. There are a number of symptoms to look for in a case of alcohol poisoning and steps that can be taken to help, Cal Poly Health Education Department Director Rojean Dominguez said. “People don’t wake up and go, ‘Oh, I think I’m going to become an alcoholic today,’ or ‘Oh, I think I’m going to party until I have alcohol poisoning,’” Dominguez said. “No one ever thinks it will happen to them.” Cal Poly recently partnered with Aware Awake Alive to inform people to look for a range of symptoms of alcohol poisoning including mental confusion, gasping for air, erratic breathing and blueness of skin. Any of these symptoms are serious on their own and are cause to get the person medical attention, Dominguez said. An individual’s risk for alcohol poisoning can be influenced by a number of biological factors, Dominguez said — weight, a family history of alcoholism and enzymes for metabolizing alcohol that are present in some cultures but not in others can all contribute. California’s recent amnesty law removing responsibility from people who bring underage victims of alcohol poisoning to a hospital for medical attention has increased the number of hospital transports, Dominguez said, and the law also removes responsi-
INDEX News.............................1-5 Arts..............................6-9
bility from the victim as well. The family of Carson Starkey, a Cal Poly student who died from alcohol poisoning in 2008, helped bring that law about, Dominguez said — first in Starkey’s home state of Texas and then to several others, including California. There are several things Dominguez suggests to avoid endangering oneself when drinking alcohol: spacing drinks with water, keeping track of how many drinks are consumed, eating before and during drinking and using a buddy system. Once a person’s blood alcohol level reaches 0.06 percent, judgment becomes impaired, Dominguez said — and even if a person stops drinking after having a lot of alcohol in a short period of time, their blood alcohol content will keep rising as the alcohol continues to be absorbed by the body. Associate director of Apartment Life and Education Juliette Duke said in dealing with alcohol poisoning of students living on campus, resident and community advisers know the protocol. Advisers receive training on what signs to look for to identify alcohol poisoning, Duke said, and contact the University Police Department (UPD) as well as the coordinator of Student Development once they see or are informed of a sick student. Most of the time the advisers just call right away, she said. Once UPD is informed of a medical situation, the respondents usually just bring an ambulance right away, Duke said. “We always err on the side of see POISONING, pg. 2
Opinions/Editorial......9-10 Classifieds/Comics........10 Sports.......................11-12
Wednesday, May 16, 2012
Closing the door on drunk driving JOELLE LEVY
Your mother is crying, your best friend is dead and you are locked in jail. This is not how you thought the night would end. Alcohol-related collisions are responsible for the death of one American every 22 minutes, according to Cal Poly University Police Department (UPD) Commander Lori Hashim. Driving under the inf luence, or a DUI, is often the reason for this statistic. It refers to operating a motor vehicle while one’s blood alcohol content is above the legal limit set by state statute. “In California, you legally
are not allowed to drive with a blood alcohol concentration of 0.08 or greater,” Hashim said. “Drivers under 21 years old may be arrested if their blood alcohol concentration is as little as 0.01.” A convicted drunk driver faces fines (sometimes thousands of dollars), jail time, increased insurance costs, attorney fees, courts costs, lost time from work and even injury or death. The U.S. Department of Education has evidence that 25 percent of college students report they have driven while intoxicated in the past month, and an even greater percentage report having driven after having any amount of alcohol and/or ridden with a driver
believed to be intoxicated. One study, conducted by vice president of Research for Lifespan Peter Snyder found that 3.36 million students get behind the wheel drunk each year. Even though alcohol is sometimes prevalent in college culture, it is not difficult to find alternatives to driving while intoxicated. One of the easiest, and most common, alternatives to drunk driving is to designate a driver who will stay sober for the night. “I personally have been a designated driver many times,” Cal Poly Community Service Officer and kinesiology sophomore Mandi Schlimmer said. “It’s easy to find sober drivers because many students don’t drink.” Cal Poly’s UPD website suggests: “If you might consume alcohol or drugs, have a plan before you set out — don’t assume you will be able to arrange a ride home later or
have a safe place to crash.” If it is too late to find a sober driver, cabs are always available. To get the phone number of a local cab company, a text message can be sent to 466453 (“GOOGLE” on most phones) with the word “taxi” and your zip code. For example, text “taxi 93401” for taxi listings in San Luis Obispo, Calif. Some bars and restaurants have programs which provide patrons with a safe ride home. Rachel Kelly, restaurant manager of San Luis Obispo nightclub/restaurant The Graduate, said it offers its own solution to finding a sober ride on Wednesdays. “The Graduate offers a $5 Safe Ride shuttle service every Wednesday night,” Kelly said. “The shuttle picks students up at the Campus Bottle, brings them to The Graduate and then drops them back off when the night is over.” One of the safest alternatives to drinking and driving is
simply choosing not to drink. There are many fun things one can do without alcohol, and Cal Poly works hard to promote and provide sober fun. For example, resident advisers (RAs), such as Fremont Residence Hall RA and recreation, parks and tourism administration sophomore Kevin Mould, put on weekend programs on campus for under-age students. “As an RA, I try to create opportunities for my residents to build relationships with one another, whether that means organizing simple movie nights or more engaging events such as barbecues or dances,” Mould said. Business administration freshman Kieran Pierce agreed that sober activities are more fun. “Sprite will always taste 10 times better than vodka, and a game of ping pong is much easier to win without alcohol,” Pierce said.
WORD ON THE STREET Do you think it’s a bar’s responsibility to encourage having a safe ride home?
“Yes, because they’re the ones providing the alcohol.” • Tori Prince liberal studies sophomore
‘Fratfolder’ spams professors ALLISON MONTROY
Cal Poly faculty received an email last week telling them to “study the smart way, by using old exams,” so they could “kick ass on finals and get ready to start summer ‘fratbatical.’” The spam email advertised “Fratfolder,” a “college exam database” website launched by Alex Baldwin, a student at the University of Texas. Exams from Cal Poly were found in the database, for Computer Design and Assembly Language Programming (CPE 229) and Calculus III (MATH 143), as well as folders for materials by professors John Bellardo and Grace Goschke. Goschke, a biological sciences professor, said learning that students were posting her class work on the website was disheartening, but it was only a practice exam posted, not the real final. Using Fratfolder “is cheat-
ing, obviously,” Goschke said. “You pay a lot of money to come to school, you’d think you’d want to make the effort to learn something.” Goschke said that professors go through a lot of trouble to ensure students are not cheating, and that “in general, no one is trying to surprise anyone. I give students online quizzes, and they’ve already seen pretty much every question on the exam.” The Fratfolder email said obtaining old exams is “all free, we only ask you cheers us next time you do a keg stand.” It also said having previous semester’s exams to study was a better idea than using study guides. Some students agree with the idea. “I think it would be a really good idea,” bioresource and agricultural engineering senior Alex Paulsen said. “It would be a good resource, and give a good idea of a professor’s style and how they would test you.” Paulsen said he would definitely use the website, and did not necessarily find it unethical. Not all students feel the same way. Social sciences junior Veronica Kontilis said websites of that nature take away from
education, especially in an environment where students study and work hard to learn. “It’s hard to earn an ‘A’, and something like that is unfair and unethical,” Kontilis said. Kontilis said even so, many students at Cal Poly probably use the site. “It’s not illegal, but it is unethical,” said computer science professor Bellardo, who is one of the professors linked to on the website. Students who use Fratfolder are “jipping themselves from their education,” Bellardo said. While his exams have not yet appeared on Fratfolder, Bellardo said there are always going to be resources available for students who want that information. Bellardo said by claiming copyright of course materials, professors can have more authority over where their material is posted. This is not the first website that allows students to post and share exams. At postyourtest.com, both students and faculty are encouraged to share class material. Since the initial email, Fratfolder has “gone on summer break,” according to the website.
mends people not drink to the point of being unable to care for themselves, he said. People going out drinking should also designate one friend to abstain and help keep everyone safe, Staley said. “If you’re going to go, try to have somebody who’s the sober, responsible person,” Staley said. Biomedical junior Farid Khoshnevissan said he always designates a sober driver when going downtown, to make sure everyone has a safe way home. “By the time you’re going downtown getting drinks, the bus system’s no longer working so the only option is to walk there or get a car,” Khoshnevissan said. A sober friend is the ideal way to avoid any arrests or fines, Khoshnevissan said.
continued from page 1
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perior Court’s 2012 schedule. The arrest is often limited to those who are so intoxicated that they are publically disruptive, San Luis Obispo Police Department (SLOPD) Captain Chris Staley said. “Generally with the drunk in public, people are brought to our attention,” Staley said. “Sometimes it’s their behavior: people are yelling and screaming, stumbling in the streets.” Police will not arrest any intoxicated person who stumbles out of a bar, because SLOPD only has between seven and eight officers downtown on an average weekend night, Staley said. However, Staley still recom-
POISONING continued from page 1
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caution,” Duke said. The numbers of reported alcohol poisonings are higher this year, Duke said — but she said this a result of the Aware Awake Alive program being brought to campus, which encourages more people to report these incidents. UPD Commander Lori
Hashim confirmed what Duke said — last year there were 18 reports of alcohol poisoning, and so far this year, there were 44, she said. But Hashim said she doesn’t think the number of alcohol poisonings is any more or less than in the past. “I just think the reporting piece is different,” she said. Hashim also said a recent increased awareness on campus about alcohol poisoning is responsible.
“I think it lies more on the person. Once you leave the bar, you’re no longer the bar’s responsibility.” • Mark McNeff electrical engineering sophomore
“No, people should be responsible.” • Giovanna Ascolani kinesiology sophomore
“No, because they’re an establishment. It’s not their responsibility what people do beyond the boundaries of the bar.” • Nate Hennes communication studies senior Aerospace engineering senior Joshua Hauswirth hasn’t ever gone to the hospital for drinking too much, but a few of his friends had to have their stomachs pumped, he said. And he has seen the effects of alcohol poisoning firsthand. “In my experience, when their eyes kind of glaze over and they’re not really with you anymore, that’s when you need to really start paying attention,” Hauswirth said.
MD op/ed 10
Wednesday, May 16, 2012
US trains doctors, but not all join field Monae Johnson is a doctoral candidate in public health at New York Medical College. The Supreme Court’s ruling on the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, expected in June, will determine the future for countless Americans. Health care reform debates have elevated the plight of millions of uninsured Americans to the national consciousness. However, the physician workforce that would be needed to care for millions of newly insured people deserves equal attention. There is a growing shortage of primary care physicians in the United States, and it has been forecast for decades. The American Association of Medical
Colleges projects a shortage of 124,000 physicians by 2020, 37 percent of them primary care doctors. This growing shortage predates the coming squeeze due to the Affordable Care Act, whereby 16 million to 32 million newly insured will enter our health care system and another 45 million will vie for consistent primary-care access in underserved areas. Some might ask how a shortage of this magnitude is possible in a country with such a wealth of medical schools, teaching hospitals, health systems and academic societies — along with so many faculty, medical students and resident physicians. The answer lies in understanding the root cause of the shortage: Although the Council on Graduate Medical Education has kept pace with projections to increase medical school enrollment by 15 percent over the next 10 years, there is a bottleneck in training doctors. Problem No. 1 is that for the last 15 years, the United States has capped the number of residency positions at 22,000 openings, with no funding for new residency slots. T h e private m a rket has cried out in unison, “We need more
residency slots,” and the federal government knew that this day would come. U.S. medical schools have enrolled thousands of international medical students and increased the number of women applicants by 3 percent; American Indian and Asian applicants are also up. However, the total cost of medical student debt is too high and is not sufficiently subsidized by current government programs — that’s problem No. 2. The Journal of the American Medical Association reported in 2008 that only 2 percent of fourth-year med students plan careers in general internal medicine, largely because of debt. The exorbitant cost and outrageous financing options deter many black and Hispanic students, in particular, from pursuing careers in general medicine. Ironically, minority primary-care physicians are most desperately needed in underserved areas. Many minority students are first-generation would-be doctors not competitively prepared in public high school premed curricula, and therefore they need two years of post-baccalaureate training (with even more debt) after incurring four years of college debt just to make the cut to get into medical school. Yet, our current system sustains only 22,000 first-year residency slots for approximately 38,000 degreed physicians annually. True, the Affordable Care Act does offer a 10 percent Medicare pay boost to entice residents into primary care training — but let’s do the math. How could a new graduate pay off $400,000 in educational debt as a primary care physician with an annual salary of about $47,000 (the mean first-
year residency stipend)? After loan repayment, this doctor has a possible $700 left per month. And frankly, 30-somethings with $400,000 of debt want to begin repayment just so they can aspire to the American dream of marriage, a family, buying a home and even affording decent clothes and meals. In 2010, more than half of all graduating medical students in the U.S. had this type of debt. And if the Supreme Court upholds the Affordable Care Act, we will need these graduating medical students to buttress the influx of millions of newly insured into our national health care system. If federal regulators adopted any of the following solutions, we would be in a much better situation: Encourage the Center for Medicare & Medicaid Services to remove the current cap on residency slots nationwide, thereby funding more slots. Require all private insurers to contribute to residency training funding. Provide tuition remission for medical school students who attend one of the 78 public U.S. medical schools, with annual enrollment of 79,000 students. Allow all medical schools to create a primary care physician education track funding students for four years of tuition in exchange for primary care practice post-graduation. During the Great Recession, our federal government spent more than $150 billion bailing out A.I.G. and $50 billion for General Motors. In recent years, our federal government spent $140 billion annually fighting wars overseas. The cost of not addressing this problem far exceeds the cost of solving it, and the medical education community understands this.
Ask an alcohol expert Dr. Mitchell Hecht is a physician specializing in internal medicine. Q: I know that drinking alcohol in moderation can be a good thing, but what would you consider to be the ideal quantity? A: The American Heart Association recently posed that question to 1,000 American adults and found that while 76 percent of those surveyed agreed with the statement that wine (not other forms of alcohol) can be good for the heart, only 30 percent knew the American Heart Association’s recommended limits for daily wine consumption — no more than two drinks per day for men and no more than one drink a day for women. What defines a drink? Four ounces of wine, one 12 ounce beer, 1.5 ounces of 80 proof spirits or one ounce of 100 proof spirits. According to a recent Gallup poll, the average American male consumes 6.6 drinks per week, and the average American female consumes 2.9 drinks per week. This varies depending upon which part of the country you’re from. For example, folks in the South drink up to 25 percent less than folks in other parts of the country. Drinking too much alcohol can raise triglyceride levels, raise blood pressure and contribute to obesity and a heightened risk of diabetes. Excessive drinking can increase the risk of stroke. Drinking also increases the risk of accidents through intoxication. In 2000, alcohol was labeled as a carcinogen, linked to throat and esophageal cancer. Even a drink a day can increase a woman’s chance of developing breast cancer. If you happen to be drinking wine primarily for its health benefits, those same antioxidants can be found in good quality grape juice like Welch’s.
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Wednesday, May 16, 2012
FOOTBALL continued from page 12
er relationship with the team. Players must check in for their academic game plan, a regulation to ensure they are on the right track with school, and visit the training room often, which assistant coaches regulate. In addition, traveling to different states for games is when the most bonding takes place, Johnston said, because coaches and players alike must rely on each other to keep their heads on straight. Another bright side of the job is when assistant coaches’ efforts pay off through game performances. “Let’s say some team you know does a couple things really well, and you’ve harped
on it so hard all week about what to do when you get this situation,” Johnston said. “To see them do the right thing and keep their composure … those are kind of the special moments when you can see the instruction that they’ve been given paying off.” No matter how hard the team works to improve its game, though, nothing helps as much as student support, Johnston said. In 2008, the Mustangs experienced an extremely successful season when they went to the Football Championship Series (FCS) Playoffs. People were being turned away from games because the stadium was at maximum capacity. The team would like to see that amount of support consistently, as student enthu-
siasm this season was not as strong, Johnston said. “The students don’t realize how much of a difference it makes when we come to a packed stadium that’s full of energy as opposed to a half-filled place,” he said. “It fires us up when we see people getting so excited for the game. It can turn the game around sometimes … the players and coaches really appreciate that.” Athletic trainers Only under rare occurrences are athletic trainers in the public eye, and during which, they might be criticized for not recognizing players’ conditions or something of the sort. Cal Poly athletic trainer Jim Eggen is no exception. Athletic trainers are often
misconceived as just plain trainers, Eggen said. An athletic trainer meets the qualifications set by a state and practices under a physician’s direction, while a personal trainer monitors and alters someone’s customized exercise program in a fitness or sports setting. The biggest difference between an athletic trainer and a trainer is the considerable amount of education an athletic trainer must go through, Eggen said. “It starts with learning indepth anatomy and physiology, and learning how the body responds to insults and figuring out a safe way to repair it,” he said. Eggen went through a kinesiology and athletic training program at San Diego State University and went on to complete a graduate program at the University of Virginia. Athletic trainers are required to be at every football practice, all conditioning events and games. In off times, injured players visit the training room to receive treatment as needed. The most rewarding part of the job is seeing athletes get better and back on their feet, Eggen said. “They work to get better, and then they stop coming in,” he said. “Not because you don’t want to see them anymore, but just because that usually means they’re healthy enough to return safely to their sport. Seeing them back out on the field, that’s kind of cool. (It’s also rewarding) when athletes say ‘Thank you,’ because they’re about the only ones that do.” Video coordinators
PHOTO COURTESY OF KATIE RYAN
“To be part of the Cal Poly football tradition is something that if you’re a part of it, you should be proud of it,” assistant coach Patrick Johnston said. “Whether you’re a player or coach, it’s something that needs to be embraced.”
Much of the team’s game preparation is based on studying video footage of practices and opponents’ games. Jake Otten, kinesiology junior and the team’s video coordinator, oversees the editing and compilation of video clips for coaches to use. The constant time and attention the job requires creates pressure, Otten said. The video coordinator will usually receive film for the next opponent on Sunday
morning, and must have the footage marked, cut up and ready to go by Sunday afternoon. He usually gets three games to be marked up in three hours, Otten said. “If the game gets done at 9 p.m., I’ll be there until 1 in the morning putting the game in,” Otten said. “So while everyone else is partying, I’m still in office marking up the game so they can watch it the next morning.” Despite the difficult hours, being a part of the team is worth it, Otten said. In 2010, the Mustangs defeated the No. 1-ranked Montana Grizzlies in Alex G. Spanos Stadium, one of the biggest wins since head coach Tim Walsh took over in 2009. “It was one of the biggest accomplishments we ever had at Cal Poly,” Otten said. “Being a part of that — just the rush and feeling really said, ‘Wow, I’m really happy with what I’m doing right now. This was all worth it, just that one game was worth it for the entire year.’” Otten has volunteered for the team for two years and has high hopes to become a coach one day. Not many people want to do video because of the heavy workload and the time crunch it requires, he said. But his dad is video coordinator for the Raiders, so Otten has been exposed to the challenging aspects of the career. As video coordinator, he works closely with the coaches and the players. Through a program called Huddle, Otten puts videos on the computer to be streamed live from the house of whomever requested it. He also creates highlight films for the team’s personal enjoyment. Otten’s success as a video coordinator can be attributed to his lifelong exposure to football and playing on his high school’s team. Although he would have enjoyed playing college football, working behind the scenes is better for his goal of becoming a coach, Otten said. “I like hanging out with the team; I like being involved in something other than just school,” he said. “Football’s a
big part of the school, so it’s kind of fun to be involved. And even though it’s behind the scenes, you know someone needs to do it. It’s kind of cool to be that guy.” Defensive quality control In addition to editing videos, studying those videos in game preparation is another crucial aspect to the team’s success. Defensive quality control works to remain one step ahead of the opponent and understand the tendencies they might run. Having played on the offensive side of football in college, defensive quality control coach Russell Oka said it is challenging to study the defensive side. “It’s learning new things and seeing it from a different perspective from the other side of the ball,” Oka said. “That’s been the most challenging thing. But it’s a good challenge because it helps me understand the whole game better.” Another difficulty is a seemingly lack of resources Cal Poly football has. The team does not get an equal chance to gather recruits or players compared to other, larger teams, but that doesn’t stop it from having high expectations, he said. “We don’t let (lack of resources) be an excuse,” Oka said. “(We) expect to win on a consistent basis, so it’s really promoting a winning attitude here.” Oka has worked at Cal Poly for only a couple months, but said he has learned a lot about the football team through offthe-field interactions. Before every game, home or away, the players touch a memorial rock representing a plane crash in 1960 during which 22 players’ and coaches’ lives were taken. “It’s a reminder to the kids that to play football is a privilege, and to be able to play this game is something that they shouldn’t take for granted,” Oka said. “I would say that at Cal Poly, (the team takes) a lot of pride in their history. Coach Walsh does a good job of reflecting that not only with the players but with staff as well.”
Wednesday, May 16, 2012
Behind the scenes of Cal Poly football ANDREA KANG
The Mustang football team completed a 6-5 season culminating in a Great West title in Cal Poly’s final year in the conference, and the team is currently preparing for a strong season to come. Behind the Mustangs’ successes stand a large group of individuals who work behind the scenes to ensure the team stays on top of its game.
the game and start working right away on the next opponent,” he said. “You’ve got to have a plan done by Sunday night or Monday morning. Sometimes during the season, you wish there were
more hours in the day to get accomplished what you want to get accomplished.” The plus side of his busy schedule is it allows for a clossee FOOTBALL, pg. 11
Assistant coaches A day in the life of an assistant coach holds various responsibilities. During offseason, assistant coaches focus on recruiting players for next year and regulating players’ academics and physical training. During the season, however, they hold a busier schedule filled with different tasks. “We’re not at a big school where they have 20 assistants to do the grunt work,” assistant coach for defensive secondary positions Patrick Johnston said. “Guys wear a lot of different hats. You have to be a football coach, an event planner, a travel agent — a lot of different things to do that we have to do ourselves, where at the big schools they have the luxury of just having a lot of people and the programs to do those things.” Because of the many responsibilities the job entails, Johnston said the average day is time consuming and full of deadlines. “We’ve got to get back from
MAX ZERONIAN/MUSTANG DAILY
The Cal Poly football team opens its 2012 season with a home game against San Diego Sept. 1.
Wednesday, May 16, 2012
French president, Greek elections to determine EU future FREDERIC CASTEL
The financially besieged European Union embarked on an uncertain path Tuesday, with a new president in France and a call for new elections in Greece, developments that are certain to change the way Europe handles its economic crisis. In an expression of the uncertainty, European stock markets closed at their lowest levels of the year, while the dollar value of a euro sank to less than $1.28. In France, Socialist Francois Hollande took his oath of office in a rainy Paris at a subdued ceremony befitting a troubled economy. Hollande’s four children and other family members were not in attendance and his personal guest list numbered only 40, in contrast to the 500 who’d been invited to the swearing-in of the last Socialist president, Francois Mitterrand, in 1981. Hollande pledged to cut the president’s pay by 30 percent, a gesture that contrasted with the bombast of his predecessor, Nicolas Sarkozy, who at his inauguration five years ago announced that he was raising his salary 140 percent to $24,843 a month. In his inaugural address, Hollande described France’s economic situation in blunt terms: “massive debt, low growth, high unemployment, a degraded competitiveness and a Europe that is struggling to emerge from the crisis.” He pledged to spread the pain of a budget shortfall, through new taxes, from a middle class that is losing jobs to the wealthy. “It’s time to put production
before speculation, sustainable employment before quick profit,” Hollande said. “There cannot be sacrifice for some people — and even more sacrifices for those people — while there are privileges for others.” He then flew off to Berlin for a meeting with German Chancellor Angela Merkel, whose advocacy of tough austerity measures as the way to cure Europe’s economic malaise had found a champion in Sarkozy. In contrast, Hollande has called for government spending to try to jumpstart the slowing European economies. The beginning of the trip seemed to augur the difficulties of the coming relationship: Lightning struck Hollande’s state jet, forcing him to return to Paris for a new plane before continuing on to Berlin. There he proposed that both parties “put all the ideas and suggestions on the table” at a European Council scheduled for May 23, “including euro bonds, common European obligations,” which so far have been opposed by Germany. For her part, Merkel made scant mention of the differences between the two. Meanwhile, in Greece, that country’s president gave up on his efforts to cobble together a unity government, a failure that will send Greek voters back to the polls next month in an effort to settle the country’s political morass. No date for the new elections — the last ones were on May 6 — has been set, but the balloting must take place by mid June — coincidentally, the deadline for the country to impose new spending cuts and taxes called for under the bail-
out agreement. That timing is likely only to increase the appeal for voters of the Radical Left Coalition, whose leader, Alexis Tsirpas, has called for the country to repudiate the austerity measures. Radical Left, which is also known as Syriza, finished second in the May 6 balloting. But voter surveys last week showed that it now is polling in first place, ahead of the last vote’s leaders, the conservative New Democracy party and Greece’s formerly dominant political party, the Socialists, also known as PASOK. New Democracy and PASOK made up the coalition government that signed the bailout accord agreeing to the austerity measures. Still, Radical Left, with an estimated 20 percent of the vote, would not control enough seats in Parliament to form a government on its own and would have to find other parties willing to rule with it. The prospect of a government led by Tsirpas unnerved many in Europe, who feared a Greek default on the bailout agreement would lead to its exit from the eurozone, the 17 countries that recognize the euro as their currency. German Foreign Minister Guido Westerwelle in a statement called on Greece not to give up on the structural reforms called for in the bailout agreement, which imposed budget cuts and new taxes in return for billions of euros in international loans. “The decisions that lie ahead in Athens are not just about the future government of Greece,” Westerwelle said. “This is about a commitment by the Greek people to Europe and the euro.”
The State Department said Tuesday that documents to allow Chinese dissident Chen Guangcheng to come to the U.S. had been completed, and Chen himself talked to lawmakers on Capitol Hill from his hospital room to describe the brutal treatment of his relatives by Chinese authorities. Chen’s case has become a rallying cry for human rights activists, critics of China’s one-child policy and Republicans who say the Obama administration hasn’t been assertive enough with its principal economic rival. Rep. Christopher Smith, RN.J., led a hearing of a House of Representatives Foreign Affairs subcommittee, the second this month, to highlight the case and criticize the White House response. Smith and other lawmakers
are unhappy with the slow pace of efforts to permit Chen and his wife and children to come to the United States, a quest that began more than two weeks ago after the activist escaped from extralegal home detention and took temporary refuge at the U.S. Embassy in Beijing. Since then, Chen and his family have been under what Smith called “de facto arrest” at a Beijing hospital, waiting for U.S. and Chinese authorities to allow him to travel to the United States to study at New York University. “The story, unfortunately, is far from over,” Smith said. State Department spokeswoman Victoria Nuland said Tuesday that the visa application process was complete for Chen, his wife and children, and that everything now depended on Beijing. “All of the processing on the U.S. side has been completed,” she said. “We are
ready when he and his government are ready.” She added that Chen is continuing to work with his government. In the meantime, Chen and his supporters have said that his family and friends have been subject to harsh treatment by Chinese authorities and that his wife and children were suffering from malnutrition. “When I saw them, I felt very saddened,” Chen said Tuesday through a translator. Chen described to Smith and other lawmakers and human rights activists how government “thugs” had gone to the home of his elder brother and beat him and his sister-in-law. Then they returned and started beating his nephew. “What happened to my family is a violation of Chinese law,” Chen said. The authorities took away Chen’s nephew, too, and charged him with “intentional homicide.” Chen called it
LOS OSOS —
SANTA CLARA —
A Los Osos man faces charges for murdering his mother, who died Tuesday due to injuries she sustained last month, the San Luis Obispo County Sheriff’s Department reported. Lisa Ann Van Heuver, 56, was allegedly assaulted on April 17, after which her 23-year-old son, Michael Bret Van Heuver, was arrested on suspicion of attempted murder. The charges have been changed to murder.
Silicon Valley’s leading drinking-water provider, which collects millions of dollars from the public to provide clean water, is under investigation for violating state water-pollution laws after repeatedly spilling hydraulic oil into its reservoirs. Prosecutors from the Santa Clara County District Attorney’s Office have notified the Santa Clara Valley Water District that the agency is facing fines of up to $25,000.
There is no mechanism for member nations to force Greece to leave the eurozone, but their animosity if Greece simply refused to repay them so soon after being bailed out could make remaining in the monetary union very uncomfortable, if not untenable. Still, while Merkel has assured the rest of Europe that austerity is far from dead, Greece — which announced Tuesday its reserves were down to $1.9 billion, while its debt remains around $540 billion — might find some leniency. Europe also has a lot to lose in a Greek default. If Greece left the union, bankrupt, other nations would have to absorb that debt, in addition to their own.
Chinese activist Chen Guangcheng cleared to enter US McClatchy Newspapers
a “trumped-up charge” that resulted from his nephew attempting to defend himself. Chen said the treatment his relatives had received was consistent with his own experience after his arrest in 2005. “This is a pattern of raids,” Chen said. “It’s not the first time.” Chen also said that none of his relatives were permitted to see a lawyer, something that also had happened to him. But for all the cost to his family and him, Chen said he had to be the voice of political prisoners all over the word. “What I’ve done is honor my conscience and conviction,” he said. “I cannot be silent when we face these kinds of evils.”
A Miami-Dade fire captain has been demoted down to firefighter as punishment for a rant, posted on his personal Facebook page, about the Trayvon Martin case, county officials said Monday. Captain Brian Beckmann’s post lambasted the prosecutor, Angela Corey, who charged George Zimmerman with second-degree murder in Martin’s death.
Indonesian police Tuesday said they had refused to issue a concert permit for U.S. pop star Lady Gaga, citing objections from conservative Muslim groups. The Islamic Defenders’ Front, a group known for sometimes violent campaigns against vice, had threatened to block Lady Gaga’s planned June 3 concert, accusing her of promoting Satan worship and homosexuality.
Wednesday, May 16, 2012
Don’t just dine, pair with wine Heather Rockwood is a food science senior and Mustang Daily food columnist. The joys of being 21 and older in San Luis Obispo County include wine, wine, more wine and some beer. We are near 200 wineries in San Luis Obispo County and a handful of delicious microbreweries as well. This gives plenty of reasons to make a few day trips full of wine and beer tasting, but drinking these delightful beverages is just the beginning. The challenge is pairing these alcohols per-
fectly with various meals. Wines and beers can add immensely to a dish when properly paired, and there is no better way to get the hang of pairing than trial and error — a little prior reading tends to expedite the process as well. The variation in the qualities, flavors and characteristics of wines and beers is immense; you could easily read volumes of books on the subject and still not even scratch the surface, but I will attempt to offer a few tips to, hopefully, inspire the artistic
culinary adventurer I know is hidden deep inside everyone. As I said before, you need to experiment and create a symphony of flavors for yourself. The most common pairing combinations seen are white wine with chicken or fish and red wine with heavier meats such as beef and lamb. Pork seems to play the fence and can be successfully paired with whites, and can also stand up to some reds. The theory in these combos is the lighter meats do not overpower the often lighter white wines, while a more full-
bodied red wine enhances the richer flavors of some meats that sit a little heavier in your stomach. The rule of light drinks complementing light food and bold complimenting bold plays out well with beer as well. Often lagers are compared to white wines, offering a light and crisp flavor that goes well with lighter meats, while the robust flavors of most ales compare well to various reds. Another fallback plan to pairing that will never disappoint is regional pairing. If you have a favorite food from
a particular region, try finding a beer or wine also made in that region. For example, if you love bratwurst, a German food, try purchasing a German beer to pair with it. Or if you are crazy for shrimp carbonara, try pairing it with a nice white from Italy.
“Bee happy” • PHOTO CREDIT David Hodson •
A childhood comfort and favorite food, peanut butter and jelly sandwiches, can be turned into an adult snack sensation when paired with a bold Syrah (also often referred to as a Shiraz). Adult floats are also gaining in popularity — that is pairing a rich stout with ice cream flavors such as chocolate or vanilla (but I admit this one seems more like a mixed drink than a pairing). In an attempt to keep it classy, you can open a bottle of champagne, and keeping the fact that you are a college student in mind, potato chips become a lovely pairing partner. Remember wine and beer pairing is not just for the snooty experts, and with so many options right at your fingertips, I encourage you to take the challenge of finding the perfect pairing to create a harmonious fusion of flavor with food and beverage.
Wednesday, May 16, 2012
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Risky on the blocks Downtown bars face consequences for guests’ fun times. DAVID LIEBIG
A surge of college-age people flood the bars and streets of downtown San Luis Obispo every Thursday, Friday and Saturday night starting around 11 p.m. Some just want to relax with friends; others test the limits of the law and their bodies. Students and local bar-goers gather to socialize, drink and dance at nightlife establishments such as SLO Brewing Co., where the line to get in sometimes reaches the end of the city block on which it’s located. Other popular spots include Frog and Peach Pub, where rock and reggae bands take the stage, and Mo|Tav, where live DJs set a danceclub vibe. Andrew Cruz has seen it all. The environmental engineering senior said he goes downtown to let loose once or twice a week. He said he enjoys the college-town atmosphere. “Everyone’s around the same age,” Cruz said. “Everyone’s around 21 to 24, because it is a college town — as opposed to the Bay Area, where you can get 30 year olds in there and weird 40 year olds too.”
Though the young crowd fosters a “friendly atmosphere,” some take their merrymaking to an extreme, Cruz said. “You get the occasional drunk people that just piss on the sidewalk or throw up in Bubble Gum Alley,” he said. “They’re having too much fun.” Alcohol-related issues might come prepackaged with college towns, but Bill Hales, who owns Mo|Tav, Frog and Peach Pub and other downtown bars, said San Luis Obispo is exceptionally manageable. “I own bars in other college towns,” Hales said. “Without question, what makes this town unique is the quality of the students. In relation to other college towns, this is a piece of cake.” To counteract the irresponsible behavior that does happen, 14 downtown establishments formed the Safe Nightlife Association in summer 2011. The group launched the “One 86, All 86” program in October — a collaborative effort to ban a person from all participating bars for the night after he or she is kicked out of one. Hales said the program has been a success. “I really think it sent a message loud and clear,” Hales said. “We have really had a problem-free school year.” The Safe Nightlife Association also paid for extra portable restrooms and cleanup measures on St. Patrick’s Day — something Hales said they plan to do for graduation day as well.
Wednesday, May 16, 2012 Volume LXXVI, Number 123 ©2012 Mustang Daily
“When you die, your penis is going to be so small.”
Without question, what makes this town unique us the quality of the students.
“Creeky Tiki. It doesn’t have the standard bar feel.” • Eric Hasenkamp biological sciences senior
“SLO Brew, because you always see your friends.” • Nicole Sugihara architecture senior
BILL HALES DOWNTOWN BAR OWNER
San Luis Obispo’s rumored “zero-tolerance policy” — supposedly putting those 21 and older at the same risk for a DUI as minors — is a myth. “Lots of rumors get started out there that have no valid basis,” Staley said. The city enforces the same laws that apply throughout
Despite the occasional disrespectful passenger, Freeman said SLO Safe Ride has been running smoothly so far, and he is proud to be a part of it. “I’m happy I’m doing it,” he said. “I feel like it’s a public service. It kind of protects the community.”
“Marston’s. It’s more laid back and not as crowded.” • Matt Duffy industrial technology senior
GOP creates ‘Crossroad Generation’ Brendan Pringle is an English senior and Mustang Daily conservative columnist. During his 2008 campaign, President Obama related to young voters in a special way, promising jobs under the elusive, ambiguous motto of “change.” For many, he’s been a shoulder to cry on, but unfortunately not much more than that. In anticipation of November, Obama has distanced himself from economic issues in an effort to hide the fact that he’s only made the economy worse. His recent endorsement of
think we realize we are the ones who will have to pay this all back? Just like in the 2008 presidential election, the “millennial generation” (those who came of age in the new millennium) will be the defining factor for 2012. We may not have directly seen President Reagan’s example of leadership and fiscal responsibility, but we’ve surely witnessed the economic failures of liberal politics through Obama. Fewer than half of the students who graduated from college during Obama’s presidency were able to find a full-time job within a
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California: 0.08 percent blood alcohol content is the legal limit for those 21 and older, unless the driver shows serious signs of being impaired. To help prevent people from driving under the influence, SLO Safe Ride, a transport service established this summer, is on call every weekend for people in need of a sober lift. SLO Safe Ride owner Trevor Freeman said he started the business because he “just wanted to give people a ride home” but has since seen “a great response to it.” Intoxicated patrons can be hard to deal with at times, though, he said. “Sometimes the people we deal with don’t realize we’re doing a service for them,” Freeman said. “We definitely try to kill them with kindness and respect.”
What is your favorite bar in San Luis Obispo?
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“We wanted to show the city that we do care about what happens down here,” Hales said. The Safe Nightlife Association’s efforts are “a great step in the right direction,” according to San Luis Obispo Police Department (SLOPD) Captain Chris Staley. “I think it’s been a very positive move by the bar owners,” Staley said. Still, Thursday, Friday and Saturday nights are SLOPD’s busiest hours, during which the force increases the number of officers on duty from four or five to six or seven, Staley said. He said the most common laws broken downtown are public intoxication, public urination and vandalism. Citations for driving under the influence (DUI) are also common, Staley said. But
WORD ON THE STREET
gay ma rriage is year of just one of graduamany social tion. And, issues he has used of course, to distract progresthe burden sive young voters of debt has from his election only grown promises. He can worse, averagrave about his spotty ing $25,000 per record of job creation, graduate; it but under his adminhas now hit istration, the nathe one-triltional debt has lion-dollar gone through mark. In the roof. fact, PEDRO MOLINA/NEWSART Does he not o u r
nation has more student debt than credit card debt. Obama has pushed for lowering college costs and freezing student loan interest rates, but at what cost to our future? Such measures will only hurt the economy as more and more banks go under (and get bailed out with taxpayer dollars). Obviously, someone has to pay the tab. The grimmest statistic: 42 percent of college grads (ages 18 to 29) are currently living with their parents, and 45 percent of this year’s graduates are expecting the same future. For most college students, I’d say this reality is bone chilling. Amid these gloomy prospects, what is a college student to do? Well, instead of hitting up Wal-Mart for some replacements to those NASCAR or Justin Bieber bed sheets, now is the time to get active. The right has responded with open arms via “Crossroads Generation” — a super
political action committee, or PAC, geared toward reclaiming this disillusioned demographic. Rather than pushing special interest agendas, this PAC is focused on the one thing that unifies all younger voters: jobs. As communications director Kristen Soltis said, “Younger voters aren’t looking for a party label. They’re looking for someone to present a solution for how things are going to get better.” Indeed, more and more young voters have opted for “independent” status. Approximately 38 percent of these voters are independents, and this group is generally cynical of politics. As the Wall Street Journal reported, President Obama’s 2008 victory was the result of effective branding — not America’s sudden endorsement of socialism. Our generation was sold on his taglines of “hope” and “change” without considering his actual agenda (and better yet, its impact on our national debt).
We are the most educated generation, and yet, we are the least successful in the job market. Feminists can complain all they want about the disparities between the sexes, but the fact is that the 18to 30-year-old demographic is actually being underpaid as a whole. As a more, shall we say, “rationally-based” party, the GOP has always been more successful in using facts to advance its cause. Rather than simply shoving cameras in front of the “disadvantaged,” the GOP tends to use solid statistics to hammer its points. At this juncture, the facts are unmistakable. Four more years of Obama could rob our entire generation of opportunity. The longer our résumés remain empty, the less likely we will have any success at scoring a dream career in the post-Obama age. And trust me: the comforts of home aren’t so comfortable when you’re in your late 20s, regardless of how much you love your mama’s meatloaf.