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Sec. 562, P. L. & R. U. S. POSTAGE


Copper COlllllIando

Meet .Joe (;opper AUGUST 13. 1943


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the editorial in the adjoining column Indicates, this is an issue in review of the first year of COPPER COMMANDO. It is designed to refresh your memory as to the various operations and to show how

important to the war the production of copper and the man who works at it are. On these two pages we have 楼iews of the three different locations-above we see a view of BuHe from the Montana School

of Mines; below we show a of the reduction works at while on the opposite page unusual view of the stack conda smelter.

view of part Creat Falls, we show an at the Ana-


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WHAT do you mean, "Meet Joe Copper?" Who is Joe Copper? What's he got to do with us? Well, Joe Copper is a worker in the copper industry. He's you and me and the guy across the street. He's,the fel.low that goes underground to mine ore. He's the blacksmith that fixes the bits. He's the electrician who wires things and keeps them that way. He's the fellow in the lamp house; he's the raise man; he's the welder. He's the smelterman and he's the refiner. In short, he's everybody that's tied up with this job. He's the old fellow who has been on the hill or in the camp for years; he's the young fellow of draft age frozen to his essential job. He's the copper industry and the war can't be won without him. Because Joe Copper-and that means yo,u and it means me-is a vital cog in our war machine and because so many of the Joe Coppers are doing so much to get this war over with, we think it only right that we close the first year of COPPER COMMANDO with a tribute to Joe Copper. For a solid year your Victory Laborty1anagement Production Com mit tee newspaper has worked with Joe Copper: your newspaper has tried to mirror his activities, to tell the miner of Butte about the smelterman at Anaconda and the re-' finer at Great Falls. It's tried to let the boys at Great Falls and Anaconda know what the mines are like. . This, then, is a review of our fi rst year and a little halt while we go back and look it over carefully. All the pictures which appear in this issue have appeared during the year-we dug into our storeroom and got out lots of interesting cuts we have used before and assembled them in the hope that this picture issue will serve as a memory tickler. We think Joe Copper deserves a whale of a lot of credit. We've had some headaches and some heartaches, too, in getting out the copper, and we aren't rid of all of them yet. Many of these conditions have been the result of a war we didn't start, but the results, too, of a war we determine to finish. The editors of COPPER COMMAj\lDO want to thank Joe Copper for working with us during our first year. Joe Copper has been mighty nice to us. COPPER COMMANDO believes in him and believes in the job 'he is doing. COPPER COMMANDO hopes that by the time we finish another year, we shall be miles along the road to victory as a result of all the Joe Coppers in Butte, Anaconda and Great Falls, pulling together to complete their important job.

AUCUST- 13, 1943·

COPPER COMMANDO . ment Production'

is the official


Union Representatives

of the Anaconda

at Butte, Anaconda,

It is issued every two weeks .••• mittee

by neither

mendation Board.







is headed by a joint com ..

its policies are shaped by botli sides and are was established

with the concurrence

Its editors are Bob Newcomb its chief photographer


East Helena and Creat Falls, Montana.


of the War Department

l. Boardman;

of the Victory


from Labor and Management;



of the War

and Marg Sammons; is Bob Nesmith;

at the

recom ...



its safety editor is John

its staff photographer

is Les \

Bishop •••

Its Editorial Board consists

AFL; Ed Renouard,


Denis McCarthy,


ACM, from Butte; Dan Byrne, CIO; Joe Marick,


ACM, from Anaconda;


ACM, from Creat

F. Bird~ •

AFL; C. A'.

Jack Clark, C.-O; Herb Donaldson, AFL, and E. S.

Falls •••


home of every employe of ACM in the four locations-if



is mailed to the

you are not receiving your.


copy advise COPPER

at 112 Hamilton


Butte, or, better

drop in and tell us. This is Volume 1, No. 26.



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COPPER starts in Butte, as we all know. 'and the 'Story of Joe Copper starts with the miners on the sheet, waiting to be lowered to their working places. These are the Joe Coppers who, shift in and shift out, go underground to mine the ore. It's no cinch for Joe Copper to realize every minute of his work- . :Ing day that what he's doing is of essential import!nce to getting the war won. He's a human being like everybody else, and war sometimes can seem remote to


• the fellow whose work isn't tied up with the actual manufacture of fighting equipment. There doesn"t seem to be any close relation between the rock that's hoisted and the war that's being fought in many corners of the earth. But Uncle Sam knows, and most of the Joe Coppers know, too, that copper is a vital material of war and it goes into practically every piece of fighting equipment Uncle Sam wants and needs. It is up to the Joe Coppers to keep Uncle Sam supplied.

Butte has figured in industrial history for many years-it's the kind pf town that's known from coast to coast because it is vigorous, because it is informal and because it's friendly. But never before in the history of the community has it been so essential as it is today. The eyes of the fighting world are on this community and on the Joe Coppers in it, and there's no kidding about that. We want Joe Copper to know what the world knows-that HE is important.

AUCUST 13, 1943



Underground ON this page and on the following page, we see several Joe Coppers busy at their jobshere, in pictures you have seen in our newspaper before, we find two Joe Coppers setting up preparatory to drilling and the actual drilling going on below. Afte,'the drilling is com--. plete, it's important that primers be ready and powder on hand, so that nothing. will hold them from hauling this ore and starting it toward the fighting front. In the pictures on the following page you can see the Joe Cop-, pers crimping blasting caps onto fuses to make a primer, making a complete primer, and loading the holes with primers and dynamite getting ready to blast.


After the drilling and the blasting are finished, tJten it's up to the boys to get the ore, which has been loosened from Mother Earth, into cars so that it can be raised to the surfat:e and sent along to the smelter in Anaconda. In the large picture on the following, page we see a Joe Copper operating a scraper or slusher. These are some of the important steps, then, in the work we're When you look at all these pictures, it seems a pretty simple thing to dislodge rock and get it moving, but there are many steps in doing the job in the proper way. In issues of our newspaper over the past year, you must have seen these scenes.


These Are. More Joe.C;oppers ~

THERE'S the ore on the way to the smelter. It has been raised from the mines of路Butte, dumped into ore cars, and now is headed to the smelter for treatment. It looks like a far cry from the peaceful

AUCUST 13, 1943

scene above to the battlefronts of the world, but it isn't very far when you stop and figure it out. When the ore leaves the hands of the miners, it moves on to the hands of the smeltermen who pick up

where the miners leave off and car~y on .. In the picture below, a long ore trail\ wends its way up the steep banks leading to the Anaconda smeltet. There are som. good slaps for the Japs in that ore.




HERE are views of several steps through wh,ich the ore passes after reaching the smelter-the arrival of the or\e car, the weighing and the dumping of the ore in

the tipple, the conveying of the ore to the crushers, the Hardinge ball mills and the classifiers. which sort the ore. If it is too bulky back it ,goes to the mill.




AUCUST 13, 1943


TH E finely ground ore goes then to the Agitair flotation machines-you can see . the copper bubbling off. After it floats off it is dewatered and it is dried then on the Oliver filters and moved along to the

Reverberatory furnaces and then goes to the converters where it is reduced to molten metal. When it leaves the converters, the metal is free at last for the first time since nature placed it in the ore. From the

converters the molten metal is conveyed to the furnaces and then is poured in molds. When hardened, they become copper anodes. In each important step, some ., Joe Copper at the smelter is on the job.


THE Joe Coppers at the smelter have about finis'hed their end of the job--the hardened anodes are raised from the cooling ·tank and are transported by truck to box cars. At the left, the anodes arrive by train and are unloaded by men at the electrolytic copper refinery at the Great Falls Reduction Works.


~UCUST 13. 1943


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T.hese Are Joe (;oppers at Great Falls AT the electrolytic copper refinery at the Creat Falls Reduction Works, the anodes from Anaconda are lowered into the copper tanks where, through the electrolytic process, the copper is gathered upon the

are again melted for conversion into war starting sheets to become copper cathodes. The copper cathodes are removed materials. Here again we find Joe Copfrom the electrolytic tanks by means of pers doing their important war job-a job giant cranes, placed on flat cars, and sent • essential if we are going to get the war along to the furnace refinery where they won. It cannot be won without copper.

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AUCUST 13, 19~

On to' the Fitrna~e BOOID TH E copper cathoCiesare ready now to be moved along on the flat cars. These heavy sheets are dropped by crane upon the cars which are then moved out into the yard. A long line of ca~hodes is seen on the track outside the furnace refinery. When the furnaces are ready to be charged, these cathodes are moved in car' by car and the giant crane piles them into the seething furnace. These pictures ~n

AUCUST 13, 1943

this page, which all of you have seen in earlier issues of our labor-management newspaper,- shoW' an important step in copper production. It is into these furnaces, which you see below, where the copper and %inc are blended to make gilding metal. Remember how the Cov-. ernment some months ago asked the Creat Falls Refinery to 'accomplish what amounted to a major miracle and change



over to production of a new type of product-gtlding metal, which is an alloy of ninety per cent copper and ten per c~nt %inc-so that the munition makers of our country could have enough material for their driving bands for shells, for cart· ridge cases and for other vital war purposes?-fiere at Creat Falls the Joe Coppers are engaged in one of the most important copper operations of the country .

Here Is the

Finished Produ~t at

Great Falls Beady for


• AND now the copper begins to reach the end of its cycle. The pure product is poured out into molds which take the form of wedge cakes and bars. These cakes and bars are dropped into a cooling bath where they are hardened, and from that point on they are ready to be shipped to the war markets of the world. In the pictures at the top and below, we see copper reaching its final form-those a gilding metal cakes shown in the picture at the bottom, while the pictures in the center show pi'les of wire bars ready for shipment throughout the country. Here again the Joe Coppers of our industry do their large share. Here again the Joe Coppers fulfill their end of the job so that the United Nations can win a speedy victory for the preservation of peace for the rest of our time. These Joe Coppers are true soldiers of production. Uncle Sam knows how important their work is for victory, and we want our Joe Coppers to know it too.





Thanks to Joe (;opper •

THESE are wire bars, hundreds and hundreds of them, waiting service in the war. Copper takes too many forms for us to show you them all. But the Joe AUGUST 13, 1943

Coppers· of our industry know that the more copper that comes out of the mines, the more anodes come out of Anaconda and the more finished products come out

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of Great Falls. It's a three-way team. One cannot operate without the other. If any link in the chain breaks down, the war program suffers. That affects all of us •






THIS dying Jap is being given a drink of water by an American soldier. It shows a quality of mercy on our part that the J a ps have never shown us. •


Maybe that's why, as time goes on, we are getting tougher. We don't want our boys to starve to death in Axis concentration camps. But, unfortunately, many of our boys must for the present starve in concentration camps because we haven't won the war yet. We will win this war through the united. all-out effort of the country-the fighting men on the battlefronts and the fighting men on the production fronts. In the latter, Joe Copper ranks as an outstanding figure. Whether he's a miner or a smelterman or a refiner makes no difference. The United Nations' war program needs copper and it needs the f1l11effort of every Joe Copper to provide it • I

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AUCUST 13, 1943


Copper Commando - vol. 1, no. 26  
Copper Commando - vol. 1, no. 26  

war effort, copper industry, Montana School of Mines, Anaconda smelter, workers, Butte, underground, production process, Great Falls, furnac...