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The South against The North

Versus What really happened. . . !

Slavery and Servitude. . . MORE ABOUT THE 13th AMENDMANT INSIDE

Lincoln’s Assassination


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By: Nick Brooks

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Civil War

Spring 2012

The Weaponry and Artillery

During the Civil War, many different types of weaponry, ranging from edged weapons to rifled-muskets and breech-loaders were used. A large number of these guns were considered “modern,” I.E Having the most advanced technology available at the time. The Civil War was the first to see the Mass Production of weapons, the new technique of rifling barrels, and the advent of repeating guns and metallic cartridges. Advances in medicine, transportation, and communication were also very much present.

Although tactics were still prominent, many tactics were removed, as the ammo conservation and things like supplies and reloading weren’t factors, attributed to the advancement in technology of the age. Ball and powder weaponry still existed, but it was used much, much less then the metal cartridge ammo, and weaponry such as the LeMat ball and powder pistol slowly became extinct, due to the un reliablility of the powder, and the lengthy reload.




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Election of Lincoln March 4th, 1861

South Carolina Secedes December 24th, 1860

Battle of Fort Sumter April 12th â&#x20AC;&#x201C; 13th, 1861

1st Battle of Bull Run July 21st, 1861

Battle of Antietam September 15th, 1862

2nd Battle of Bull Run August 28th- 30th, 1862

Emancipation Proclamation September 22nd, 1862

Sherman Burns Atlanta November 15th, 1864

Battle of Gettysburg July 1st â&#x20AC;&#x201C; 3rd, 1863

Lincoln Assassinated April 14th, 1865

13th Amendment December 6th, 1865

Lee Surrenders April 9th, 1865


The North Strengths



Industrial advantage, far larger population, economics, political leaders, and the railroad

No home field advantage, horrible military leaders, no allies and the north had to do the invading.

Many soldiers in the North called it The War of Rebellion. The confederates called the Union Soldiers Yankees and Blue Bellies along with a few other choice words.

Northern Military Leaders Some of the most well known although pore military leaders are General Irvin McDowell, General Ulysses S. Grant, and John Pope

Political Leaders Blue Union Soldier

President Abraham Lincoln played one of the biggest rolls in the war. Without him the North would not have been so successful. Lincoln kept the South from gaining foreign allies and he gave the North something to fight for.

Gray is the color of the Confederate soldiers

The Confederate States of America The Confederate flag

November 2, 2010 Strengths • • • • •


• Confederates Military leadership • Gray backs Defensive War • Rebels Fighting on own soil • C.S.A. Military Experience Southerners supported the war

Weaknesses • • • • •

Smaller population Few factories & food to support troops Few railroads to move supplies and soldiers Received no imported goods Unindustrialized economy (agriculture based)

Jefferson Davis (left) and Robert E. Lee (right) Political and Military Leadership • Robert E. Lee • T.J. “Stonewall” Jackson • Jefferson Davis- President of the Confederate States • John B. Floyd • James “Old Pete” Longstreet

"Although volume upon volume is written to prove slavery a very good thing, we never hear of the man who wishes to take the good of it, by being a slave himself." ~Abraham Lincoln

â&#x20AC;&#x153;War is cruelty. There is no use trying to reform it. The crueler it is, the sooner it will be overâ&#x20AC;?

Union General William T. Sherman said this shortly before beginning his brutal March to the Sea

“ T H E A R T O F W A R I S S I M P L E E N O U G H . F I N D O U T W H E R E Y O U R E N E M Y I S . G E T AT H I M A S S O O N A S Y O U C A N . S T R I K E H I M A S H A R D A S Y O U CA N , A N D K E E P M O V I N G O N . ”




"Any victory would be dear at such a price." Robert E. Lee, on the death of Stonewall Jackson !

Photographs of the Civil War The first photographs The American civil war, witch took place during (1861-1865) was the fourth war in history to be caught on camera. The three were the Mexican American war (18461848) The Crimean wartime period was (18541856), and the Indian Rebellious. These three wars happened before the Civil war.

Captured in black and white! From 1862-1866 Alexander Gardner, and a small team of photographers set out to capture some of Americaâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s major events. Witch was when the civil war was in action. Gardner and his small group of men worked under extreme weather and bad conditions. They didnâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t always have all the equipments they needed. Although with all their hard work and effort. They where able to capture grate moments of what we know to be the Civil War. Their hard work really did pay off. Because now their photographs are very meaning full not just to history but as well as for the United states .

Mathew B. Brady was also one of the main photographers during the civil war. He was born in 1823 in Warren County, New York. Brady opened a private studio in New York City displaying photographs of famous Americans. Brady also had employees. What he did was he would put them into groups, in order to spread them across the country, and to get work. Brady was at the war of The First Battle of Bull Run. He was very clam witch helped him capture grate photos of that outrages war.

Of all the camps that were listed, I picked these two because they were the most popular. They were opposite but at the same time, very much alike. Camp Douglas was also called “North’s Andersonville!”

Camp Douglas

Andersonville Camp

It was the largest military prison in the south during the Civil War. This camp was built in 1864 to move Union prisoners in Richmond, Virginia, to a location away from the war. A site where the prisoners could be guarded by fewer men. The prison consisted of 27 acres and was surrounded by walls made of pine logs which stood 15-20 feet high. Prisoners here suffered from hunger, diseases, medical shortages and exposure. Approximately 45,000 prisoners would enter Andersonville's gates during its 14-month existence. Nearly 13,000 would never see freedom again.

Other Camps SOUTH -Camp Ford -Castle Thunder -Libby Prison -Cahaba Prison -Salisbury Prison

NORTH -Alton Prison -Camp Chase -Camp Randall -Elmira -Point Lockout

LiLi Gomez p.3

It was located near Lake Michigan, in Chicago. Camp Douglas was known as northern prison camp with the highest mortality rate. In 1862, the fist prisoners arrived. The conditions at this camp were horrible. It was reported that one in five prisoners within those walls died. To confederate soldiers this was a place of brutal misery. To prevent escape, the prisoners were deprived of their clothes and those who had blankets no longer did. With all the brutal deaths, diseases, and unhealthy conditions, the camp later was nicknamed “Eighty Acres of Hell.”


Jackson By Daniel Moore

The Legend!

Thomas “Stonewall” Jackson was a major part of the Civil War. He served the Confederate as a general He was talked about more than Robert E. Lee in till Lee succeeded him after his death. He got his nickname because he would stay in once place instead of helping his ally, Barnard Elliott Bee, Jr. Bee, Jr. shouted, “There is Jackson standing like a stone wall. Let us determine to die here, and we will conquer. Rally behind The Virginians!” just before his death.

His death. In the battle of Chancellorsville, Major John D. Barry’s troop marched towards Jackson’s troop. Jackson shouted, “Halt who goes there?” but fired before evaluating the reply. Barry retorted that it was a Yankee trick and fired. Three bullets, two in his left arm and one in the right hand hit Jackson and sent him home. Eight days later, he died of pneumonia

I freed a thousand slaves I could have freed a thousand more if only they knew they were slaves. ~Harriet Tubman

Harriet Tubman Harriet Tubman’s contribution to the civil war


The Underground Railroad: “I was the conductor of the Underground Railroad for eight years, and I can say what most conductors can't say; I never ran my train off the track and I never lost a passenger”. ~Harriet Tubman

Harriet Tubman was one of the conductors of the Underground Railroad. After she made her escape for freedom she went back and helped other runaway slaves get to Canada. The first people who she helped rescue was her family She would carry a revolver with her and she threatened to shoot any slaves who considered going back because it would endanger the group even further. Although her husband John just laughed at her dreams of freedom she still helped with the Underground Railroad.

By: Sorcha Sullivan

Civil War: During the Civil War Harriet Tubman worked as a spy for the Union. She also worked as a nurse and a cook. After the Civil War she moved to Auburn, New York she lived there for the rest of her life and she died in 1913.

The Underground Railroad By: Ashlynn Bauer

What was it? The Underground Railroad was a network of secret routes and safe houses used by black slaves during the 1800’s throughout the U.S. to escape to free states and Canada with the aid of abolitionists who were for their cause.

How was it kept a secret? It was illegal to run from the family who owned you if you were African American, and it was also very illegal to aid the slaves in escaping. So in order to keep the Underground Railroad a secret, they referred to it as stated. They also called the people who helped “conductors” or “station masters”. They called their housing “stations”, and other railroad terms like these were also used.

Why not accept slavery? Slaves lived with severe abuse and neglect in most cases. They were seen as property rather than human beings. They wanted freedom, as would anyone under those conditions would.

The Routes to Freedom

By: Blake Bowman

Jefferson Davis Contributions Jefferson Davis: The First President of the Confederate States

ACCOMPLISHMENTS AND FAILURES June 3rd, 1808. Davis is born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania July 14, 1846. Davis resigns the House of Representatives seat to lead the Mississippi Rifles December 5th, 1847. Davis appointed to United States Senate. March 7th, 1853. Davis Appointed Secretary of War and defense by Franklin Pierce. November 6th, 1861. Davis elected president of The Confederate States of America

Jefferson Davis, First President of the Confederates states. Actually was very popular. He contributed to society in many ways, being in the U.S. Senate, The House of Representatives, and being the Secretary of War for President Franklin Pierce. Jefferson was highly affiliated with South Carolina and was elected unanimously amongst the Confederates. Upon his death he held one of the biggest funerals of the time, with over 1400 people, mostly southerners, in attendance. He is still a highly admired man among the southerners.

May 10th, 1865. Davis held prisoner by northern states for contempt. June 3rd, 1881. Davis writes and publishes a book entitled, “The Rise and fall of the Confederates.” December 6th, 1889. Davis dies in New Orleans, with one of the biggest funerals ever held with around 1400 people.

President Jefferson Davis, The Confederate States of America

“I worked night and day for twelve years to prevent the war, but I could not. The North was mad and blind, would not let us govern ourselves, and so the war came.” -Jefferson Davis

Harpers Ferry By: Alicia Cuevas


Background Harpers Ferry is a town in Jefferson in West Virgina that is virtually indefensible. This town dominates all sides but by a higher ground. Harpers Ferry is the scene of several events during the civil war. This town before was an economically thriving community with amazing stragic importance. It is a hint location for both the North and the South. Harpers served a very important role in these events. It is wedged between both the Potomac and the Shenandoah with are both rivers which are bonded by the Bolivar Heights. Robert Harper gave this community its name. This town in 18 miles west from Frederick, Maryland. It is a federal and armory place. It was actually built in 1796. During the civil war Harpers Ferry was regarded as a major city. Harpers Ferry is 50 miles from Washington D.C. The population isn’t so big its approximately 308.

Timeline Battle In 1862 John Brown attacked onto the Federal arsenal rivers.

John Brown raid In 1859 On October 16.His raid was attained the initial success.

Robert E. Lee In 1859 Passed gaps so they could defeat his army and to put down John Browns

The Battle of Harpers Ferry was on September 12 through the 15 of the year of 1862. Robert E. Lee decides that his campaign wants to capture at leas 12,000 men from the union force. Lee didn’t seceed he was secure that his line of supplies was going to fight this battle and that he and his campaign were going to win. His campaign threatened the Confederate. This defeat gave all the Confederates the biggest capture from the union troops to freed up the Confederates. But the Confederate forces were overlooking Harpers Ferry was a garrison to the field armies. The Confederates bombard the Garrison from the white flag. The Union troops had to freed up the Confederate forces to actually prove that they did not need any help or in other words no back up therefore they didn’t want any help from anyone they were completely confedent in themselves that they were going to win this battle fare and square. In the end the Union had 44 dead and 173 wounded. There were more that 12,500 prisoners taken away from it.

By: August Harris


Clara Barton Clara Bartonâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s significance to the Civil War Clarissa "Clara" Barton is best known as the founder of the American Red Cross. She began her lifetime of helping others at the beginning of the Civil War, when she organized medical care for Union troops wounded in the Baltimore Riots of 1861. Her efforts to bring better medical care and to help locate missing servicemen laid the groundwork, which she began in 1881. Under Clara Barton's leadership, the American Red Cross's early peacetime work included helping victims of the Mississippi and Ohio River floods in 1882 and 1884, the Texas famine of 1886, the yellow fever epidemic in 1887 in Florida, an Illinois earthquake in 1888, and the now-famous 1889 Johnstown, Pennsylvania flood. The American Red Cross first experience in war was in the Spanish American War of 1898. Clara used the argument that the American Red Cross would help more crises than just the war. She then became President of the American branch of society on May 21,1881. In her career after the Civil War, she also travelled the country giving speeches, for which she was paid quite well. Her friendship with Susan B. Anthony and Julia Ward Howe led her to support the women's suffrage movement. She also supported civil rights for freed African-Americans after the war. She ran the Red Cross until retiring in 1904. She died in Glen


By: Emily Donker

Bleeding Kansas

On May 30th 1885 the Nebraska- Kansas act was signed by President Franklin Pierce. The Nebraska- Kansas act was responsible for causing the Label “Bleeding Kansas” , it was to let the territory’s decide if they wanted to allow slavery or ban slavery. In latter months on November 29th 1885 Kansas held it’s first election, Missiourians that were pro- slavery flooded to Kansas to swing the vote in favor of slavery in Kansas. After winning the territorial legislature pro-slavery officials got rid of all free-state members to secure the removel of Governor Andrew Reeder. A couple days latter, on December 1st 1885 a small army of Missiourians came under command of “Sheriff” Jones to siege Lawrence. Governor Wilson Shannon kept the proslavery men from attacking Lawrence. Almost a year after the Nebraska- Kansas act was signed, on May 21st 1856 a group of 700 pro-slavery enthusiasts raided Lawrence, They destroyed the Free-state Hotel, smashed the presses of two Lawrence news papers and killed one man. The next day after delivering a speech called “The Crime Against Kansas” Massachusetts Charles Sumner was beaten unconscious by congressman Preston Brooks from South Carolina. In the recent Lawrence raid, on May 24th John Brown five innocent pro-slavery men in Pottawtomie Massacre, John Brown was the most radical Anti-slavery enthusiasts the country has seen during “Bleeding Kansas”.

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Most medical students in the United States trained for two years, sometimes less. They received hardly any clinical experience and were given no laboratory instruction.

Surgery in the Civil War is extremely misunderstood. Even during the war, surgeons were known as "butchers" and were called really bad things by both citizens and soldiers.

The Union army performed about 30,000 amputations throughout the war. It was a quick, painful, and extremely bloody process that made any onlooker stare in horror.

Many changes were made in hospitals. They developed wings to keep different injuries together, or apart. This allowed for faster treatment of the patients, slowing the spread of disease, and for better care to the patient. This also helped maintain documentation of patients.

Above—Bell Nurse Far left— amputation kit Left—Field Hospital By: Stephanie Jensen




Women During the Civil War By Angelica Adamson

Harriet Tubman Born into slavery in Maryland,

Harriet Tubman freed herself, and played a major role in freeing the remaining slaves. She was raised under harsh conditions. Tubman was injured at the age of 12 by taking a blow to the head by her owner. At the age of 25 she married John Tubman a free African American. Five Years later fearing she would be sold she made her escape. She conducted approximately 300 slaves to freedom. Harriet Tubman was a monument to courage and determination that continues to stand out in American history.

Women Fight for the Civil War Men were not the only ones who fought in the Civil War. Women took charge and bore arms into battle, too. Women lived in camp, suffered in prisons and died for their respective causes just like men did. The Union and Confederate armies forbade the enlistment of women soldiers. The women used masculine names and hid the fact they were female by disquieting themselves as men. It’s impossible to know for certain how many women soldiers served in the Civil War. In estimate as many as 250 women in the ranks of the confederate army. In the post-Civil War era, the topic of female soldiers arisen in both literature and the press. The army held to regard for women soldiers, Union of Confederate. They tried to deny that women played a military role however a small role in the Civil War.

Bravery of the Women

Harriet’s Birth is unknown. Different accounts lists 1820 or 1821. Harriet’s death was in 1913.

It was an accepted convention that the Civil War was a man’s fight. Images the of women during the conflict focus on self-sacrificing nurses, romantic spies, or brave ladies maintaining the home front in the absence of their beloved men.

Battle of Bull Run July1861, In July of 1861 newspapers were pressuring president Abraham Lincoln, to end the rebellion of the southern states. He ne about the 90, day enlistment of the recruits that had answered the call to arms and knew he needed to act fast. Although General Irvin McDowell believed his troops were not yet adequately trained he proposed a plan to march his 35,000 troops 30 miles south and attack the confederates defending a vital railroad junction. After marching twenty miles in two days they reached a stream known as Bull Run their objective for that evening. A confederate spy network made it aware to everyone what the union troops were doing and allowed the confederates the get organized and into position. On Sunday July 21 the Union troops charged across the stream and forced the confederates into a defensive position at the top of a hill. Confusion reigned through out the day with the arrival of reinforcements were showing up. The confederates charged and the Union lines broke apart. It was determined a southern victory but the confederates were to tired to pursue the fleeing enemy and capitalize their victory

Andy Nunes

Battle Statistics The battle lasted a little over 5 hours. The Union Army was about 35,000 troops strong and was lead by General Irvin McDowell. It was estimated that the Union Army lost about 2900 troops during the battle. General Pierre Gustave Toutant led the Confederate Army 22,000 men strong during the battle. The Confederates had better leadership and the home field advantage. Only 2000 of their men were lost.



The single bloodiest day in American History! In just a 24-hour time period, over 23,000 soldiers died!! !



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July 1-3


Battle of Gettysburg


July 1

July 2nd

July 3rd


A warm morning on July 1st 1863 the confederate and the union army started a war. Meade totaled up 100,000 men to strengthen his defensive position and Lee decided to attack the Union. 75,000 confederate forces were positioned along seminary ridge waiting for an attack. Lee attacked the North with a 150 gun volley and the North fought back with a cannon. The Northern fishhook was still intact. 28,000 men were lost to Lee and the Union won the war. The north gained a distinctive advantage over the confederate states.

The battle of Gettysburg took place in Gettysburg on July first, second, and third in 1863. So many men fought and died than any other battle in American History. General Robert Lee of Virginia brought around 75,000 men and general George Meade had a 97,000 man army. The war had been going on for three days and so many men had lost their lives. By the end of the third day the North had won the battle and Lee had lost around 28,000 of his men costing him a huge loss.

By Whitney Wills

The Life of Lincoln Before the Presidency By Hannah Wood

The time line leading up to presidency 1809 – Abraham Lincoln was born to Thomas and Nancy Lincoln on February 12, in Hardin County, Kentucky.

1816 – The Lincolns move to Indiana because of their opposition to slavery.

1831 – The family moves again

and Abe decides to live on his own in New Salem Illinois.

1834 – Lincoln ran for legislature and won receiving votes from Democrats even.

1842 – Abraham marries Mary Todd from Kentucky and slaveowning family.

1846 – Lincoln runs for the US House of Representatives and wins.

1849 – Abe moves to Springfield and studies law. He became one of the state’s most successful lawyers.

1854 – Lincoln’s interests in politics reignites when the Kansas–Nebraska Act.

1861 – Lincoln enters the presidency.

Career Before the Presidency Abraham Lincoln wasn’t born into politics and was born without a middle name but that didn’t keep him from becoming the 16th president of the United States in 1861. He joined the military after working as a clerk soon after living on his own. In 1832 he ran for state legislature but lost. The year after Andrew Jackson appointed Lincoln for postmaster of New Salem Massachusetts. In 1834 Lincoln he finally made his debut into the state legislature for Illinois as a Whig. 1947 was the year that Abe served a two-year term in the House of Representatives. In 1854 once again he was elected for state legislature and the US Senate but resigned for the senate job. 1960 he ran for president and in March of 1961 was inaugurated.

Abraham Lincolnâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s presidency "#!$%&!'()*&!


President Abraham Lincoln was one of the most influential and important presidents in all of United States history. Lincoln was known most for his help with passing the last emancipation proclamation bill making it illegal in all states to own slaves Abraham Lincoln was president from 1861 till he was assassinated by John Wilkes booth while attending a play on April 14th, 1865. One of the things Lincoln is most noted for was during the civil war he passed the Emancipation proclamation freeing slaves. As a final step Abraham Lincoln passed the final proclamatio n-on allowing blacks to join the army on January1st, 1863

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toward the abolishment of slavery he upset John Wilkes Booth leading to his assassination.

Assassination Of Lincoln Abraham Lincoln

John Wilkes Booth

As Abraham and Mary Lincoln, along with two guests, sat in the presidential box of Ford’s Theater, Booth managed to enter the box and fire a derringer into the back of Lincoln's head. Perhaps seeing how the murder was committed provided some comfort to a public that was shocked and intensely curious about what had happened. After shooting Lincoln, John Wilkes Booth jumped from the presidential box to the stage of the theater, exclaiming the state motto of Virginia, "Sic semper tyrannis", which means "thus ever to tyrants". Some reported that he also yelled, "The south is avenged," or "the south shall be free." Booth broke his leg in his leap to the stage, but managed to flee the theater and escape on horseback into the night. Mortally wounded, Lincoln was carried to a rooming house across the street from Ford's Theater and placed in a bed. Government officials gathered around, and Lincoln finally surrendered to his wound on the morning of April 15, 1865. Secretary of War Edwin Stanton remarked, "Now he belongs to the ages."

“Every one desires to live long, but no one would be old.” Abraham Lincoln By: Bailey


By: Chris Gasseling

October 25, 2010

Emancipation Proclamation Issued by Abraham Lincoln during the American Civil War.

The Emancipation Proclamation... Consisted of two executive orders issued by Abraham Lincoln. The first executive order consisted of all slaves being freed in Confederate States that did not return to Union control by January 1st 1863.

The second executive, issued January 1st 1836 named that ten specific states would now be free states

Continued on



Slaves Freed!

13th Amendment

The Emancipation Proclamation was criticized for freeing only the slaves which the Union had no power over.

Immediately over 20,000 slaves were freed, and by July 1865 nearly 4 million slaves (almost all slaves.) were freed.

The 13TH Amendment officially ended slavery, on December 18th 1865.

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13 Amendment

February 1, 1865 By: Brittany Desjardin

Section 1: Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction. Section 2: Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.

What does it mean? The thirteenth amendment was the final abolishment of slavery after the Emancipation Proclamation and continues to prohibit slavery today. It also prohibits involuntary servitude, which is the forced labor of someone who does not want to work through mental, physical or emotional force. These rules should be 100% enforced except as a punishment for a crime. It is considered as the first in the reconstruction amendments after the civil war. Shortly after the thirteenth amendment was passed, selective enforcement of laws still permitted racial segregation in some cases.

Ku Klux Klan By: Kyle Sanders

November 1st, 2010

Vengeance Following the Civil War The Ku Klux Klan was started in Pulaski, Tennessee on Dec. 24th, 1865. Six white Confederate veterans sat around the campfire and thought of a secret group. This group became known as the Ku Klux Klan. These white men felt very threatened after the Civil war; just like many others in the south as well. After the war, blacks had won their freedom and slavery was banned in the U.S. The South’s main economy was agriculture. The

Above: The Ku Klux Klan symbol

main cash crop at the time was cotton. Before the war, slaves worked on these plantations and were necessities

The Ku Klux Klan was an organized group

to the slave owners. Southerners felt like their livelihood

and created a hierarchy with elected officials. Brian

was threatened, so they retaliated. After the Civil War,

A. Scates was the Klan’s first elected president.

the Confederacy was destroyed but lived on in many

Although there was a hierarchy with levels or

southerners through the KKK.

organizations, the local chapters thrived and were

Members of the Klan would dress up in white robes

independent. These local groups lasted for about

and pretend to be ghosts. The Klan would murder blacks

ten years and hate crimes continued against the

and leave their bodies in the street. In some cases, homes

blacks. The first KKK died out for a while until a

were burned to the ground.

rebirth of the Klan in the 1920’s.

Editors Nick Brooks Emily Donker Chris Gasseling

Cover Design Angelica Adamson Bailey Gorsuch Dan Moore Hannah Wood

Timeline Blake Bowman Alicia Cuevas Stephanie Jensen Jake Sanchez


Lili Gomez Garrett Lower Sorcha Sullivan

The North Ashlynn Bauer August Harris Andy Nunes Whitney Wills

The South Joe Cline Brittany Desjardin Liz Ochoa Kyle Sanders

Created by: The American History Research students of Alliance High School, Alliance, NE.

Versus: The South Against The North  
Versus: The South Against The North  

A collection of articles, stories, and biographies of the key events, people and information of the Civil War. Created by the American Hist...