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free magazine! MOHAWK VALLEY LIVING MAGAZINE november 2015

autumn inthe the autumn in

adirondacks adirondacks andmore more stories from our and theregion! valley! 26

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Next Month: Part 2 of the Adventure Club’s trip to Rome!

contents 5 8 9 11 13 16 20 22 26 29 34 37 41 43 48 50 57 59 63 65 72 75 83 88 89 90 91

Oneida County Historical Society North Utica Calendar Classical MV The Music Never Stops ADK Journal Finders Keepers Store Riggy’s View Ilion Little Theatre Oliver’s Organic Eggs Weaver Barbara Decker November Nature On the Farm with Suzie MV Gardens & Recipes Trip to Old Forge Utica Map Restaurant Guide Winter Farmers Markets Antiques Shopping Guide Local CD Review Peregrine Falcons, Part 2 WWI in Herkimer County Tales from Shawangunk, Part 14 Gallery Guide MV Astronomy Club MV Comics Live & Local Advertiser Directory

Next Issue:

December 1st

Available at our sponsors and your closest Stewart’s Shop. Visit our website for a complete list of pick-up locations.

Food Chain Reaction by Sharry L. Whitney

Thanksgiving is traditionally a time of thanks, and we want to thank you for reading Mohawk Valley Living. We also want to acknowledge the amazing power you have. You’ve nourished the growth of this magazine. When you support our advertisers you start a chain reaction. Well, more like a circle than a chain, which is even better! When you respond to an ad in the magazine and shop, for example, at Tom’s Natural Foods and buy, for example, some Jake’s Gouda, not only do you support a local store and a local cheese maker, but at the end of the month this shop and cheese maker send some of their hard-earned money to us as payment for their ad in this magazine. Some of that money goes to our local printer, Vicks in Yorkville; to our writers like Suzie Jones at Jones Family Farm (products also available at Tom’s); to our delivery and salespeople who are all ardent supporters of local businesses; to the local media we use to promote the magazine; and what’s left over goes to Lance and me and supports and fuels us for the next issue. Our community is like a garden. When you shop local stores and products, it’s like feeding the soil and we all get a better, healthier community. When you send your money out of the area, you are depleting your community and it becomes less productive (like my sad beets this summer that we didn’t take the time to replenish with our compost last spring.) This garden analogy is really starting to impact Lance and me personally and how we shop. Now when we head out to a local shop or farmers’ market, we try to make sure we have cash. It was hard at first because we had become a “plastic” people out of selfish convenience. And although many vendors at farmers’ markets now take credit cards—and none of them will ever want to dissuade you from using them if you don’t have cash—there is a cost to them that goes to the credit card companies, depleting our community. Lance and I are also careful about limiting the money we spend on our social media advertising, opting to use primarily local print, television, and local radio. When you advertise on Facebook you may reach local people, but social media is not local media. 100% of the money you spend on social media advertising flies to the West Coast, further depleting our community’s “soil.” So, again, thank you for shopping our directory this holiday season and for nourishing our community of advertisers and, through that, our magazine and greater community. We are sincerely thankful and humbled by the awesome power you wield. •


PUBLISHERS Lance and Sharry Whitney EDITOR Sharry L. Whitney DESIGN & LAYOUT Lance David Whitney ASSISTANT EDITORS Shelley Delosh Jorge Hernandez ADVERTISING EXECUTIVES Susan Collea Bill Gruby CONTRIBUTORS Peggy Spencer Behrendt, Carol Higgins, Brian Howard, Suzie Jones, John Keller, Melinda Karastury, Frank Page, Susan Perkins, Matt Perry, Cynthia Quackenbush, Denise Szarek, Gary VanRiper CONTACT US (315) 853-7133 30 Kellogg Street Clinton, NY 13323 Mohawk Valley Living is a monthly magazine & television show exploring the area’s arts, culture, and heritage. Copyright © 2015. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced without the consent of Mohawk Valley Publishing.

Printed at Vicks in Yorkville, NY.

Mohawk Valley Living is brought to you by

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utica’s flatirons from the Oneida County Historical Society by Brian Howard, Executive Director Have you ever driven through downtown Utica and wondered about its unique street pattern? The acute angle at which Hotel, Seneca, and Washington Streets intersected with Genesee Street gave rise to three triangle-shaped buildings that defined the west side of downtown for generations. Only one—the Carlile Building at the intersection of Washington and Genesee— exists today. The earliest streets in what became Utica were originally trails blazed by Native Americans who had been using them for centuries, prior to the arrival of “settlers” from the Atlantic seaboard in the 1700s. Whitesboro and Main Streets stemmed from trails that paralleled the Mohawk River, and routes extending south later became Genesee and Albany Streets. The creation of Hotel, Seneca and Washington Streets (and also Broadway) was one of the first attempts to draw business away from Genesee, as the former frontier settlement of Old Fort Schuyler grew into the city of Utica. It is odd that neither the northern nor southern intersection of these streets with the ones they connected to— Whitesboro to the north and Genesee to the south—were at a right angle. Nevertheless, they were built and the property owners at the Genesee-end of things all constructed

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Carlile Building c. 1930s

Carlile Building c. 1980

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triangular-shaped buildings to maximize the utility of these oddly-shaped lots. Perhaps the most prominent of these “flatiron” structures was the Devereux Building. The Devereux stood at the Hotel Street intersection from the 1840s through 1990 and was originally a dry goods store whose north side faced the Erie Canal (now Oriskany Street). Built on the wealth amassed by brothers John and Nicholas Devereux, this 4½ story structure was a central location for trade, industry and politics. One of Utica’s most prominent politicians, Sen. Francis Kernan, ran his law office in the building. Longtime residents may recall the White Tower hamburger restaurant on the ground floor. Tragically, the Devereux was heavily damaged by arson in early 1990 and met the wrecking ball that December. A lot of its bricks were used for fill at the site, which is now home to the City of Utica arch, key, and Franklin Square Park. Moving south, the Seneca Street intersection featured a multi-siloed “flatiron” that stood opposite the modern-day Landmarc building site. It was lost to the devastating urban renewal age that saw the demolition of many of Utica’s iconic structures; a park exists there now. Today, the original intersection exists only in pictures and postcards. The Carlile Building still stands at the juncture of Genesee and Washington Streets. Today, it houses Irwin’s Fine Food, Mello’s Subs, and the appropriately-named Triangle Coffee Shop on the ground floor. It is the last physical vestige of these unique structures, buildings which help us to tell the story of Utica’s development during the 19th century. •

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Corrections One of our readers called and told me about an error in my Mohawk Airlines story. I had written, “US Airways was subsequently acquired by American Airlines and is scheduled to end as a brand in October of this year.” It’s the other way around — US Airways actually acquired American Airlines (which was in bankruptcy), but is keeping the AA brand name and doing away with the US Airways brand. Mea culpa! Also, Pat Kelly’s article on wood planes makes reference to a picture of a medal which did not make it into the magazine (see right) -Brian Howard


north utica 100th anniversary calendar

North Utica

Local historian and author, Howard Bushinger, has done it again with another calendar. A great gift for anyone who grew up in the area! The calendar goes on sale around November 1st, and will be available at the Oneida County Historical Society.

Oneida County Historical Society

1608 Genesee Street, Utica (315) 735-3642 Open Tues.-Fri. 10-4, Sat 10-2

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classical mv

Kevin J. Spooner Name: Kevin J. Spooner Instrument(s): voice, piano, trumpet Age: 16

Hometown/current town: Oneida

Education: studies voice with Lauralyn Kolb, piano with Deborah Guarneiri Current school: Oneida High School Collaborations (current/past): Member: Junior B# Musical Club, St. Patrick’s Church Senior Choir, Masterworks Chorale at Hamilton College; Participant, Oneida HS Concert Choir, Chamber Choir, Jazz Choir, Jazz Band, and Wind Ensemble; Will participate: All State Music Festival Dec. 2015, American Choral Directors Assoc., Eastern HS Honor Choir 2016; Participated in the American Choral Directors Association Eastern Junior High Honor Choir 2014; Has attended: All State and All County Music Festivals, Westminster Choir College Vocal Institute 2015 (chosen as a soloist for both the mid-point concert and final concert); Former member, Syr. Children’s Chorus; Winner, B# Scholarship Competition for Voice 2015 (John Winter Family Fund of the Community Foundation of Herkimer and Oneida Co.) Influences/Inspirations: There have been many people who have inspired me to strive to become a better musician. My grandma, because she always attended my performances and never failed to push me in the right direction. My friend, Mike McCormick is a role model for me. I look up to him as an accomplished musician. My teachers Roselle Lynch, Heather O’Connell and Lauralyn Kolb. Last but not least, my mom has helped me because she has always been understanding and encouraging as I pursue my musical endeavors. Personal statement: Music plays a very important role in my life. I can always depend on it to lift me up or to help me express my emotions. It always puts me in a great mood! I used to be very shy, but after I opened up to the world of music I became more outgoing and comfortable around people. I believe that music should be a part of everyone’s life whether it be in a small choir, larger musical endeavors, or simply by enjoying it. I hope that as a musician, I will be able to touch the lives of many people bringing joy and beauty into their lives.

In cooperation with

You can hear Kevin Spooner perform at the Jr. B# Musical Club event, Tuesday, November 17 at 7 pm at the First Presbyterian Church, 1605 Genesee St., Utica


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It’s fun and fast paced for all ages, and you just may learn some Utica history!

utica In cooperation with Mohawk Valley Living and the Oneida County Historical Society.

the music never stops

Gunnar Coston by john keller

In this column I have interviewed seasoned musicians who have honed their skills over many years. I also have spoken to newer artists who are just breaking out. This month, I had the pleasure to interview a musician both seasoned and young who has been on the music scene for a while, has received numerous accolades throughout the community, put as many miles behind his drum kit as most well-established drummers, and he’s only 17! Gunnar Coston is a phenomenal musician. He has played with his father, Roy Coston, in Lovebone and Coston, as well as various cover bands, including Ozzmageddon, Stone Dead Forever, and others. While in these bands, he has shared stages with national acts, including Raven, Zebra, and Green Jelly. Always looking for new adventures, he recently acquired the position to hold the backbeat for CNY sensation Wicked, due to the departure of JP Clubs. Speaking with Gunnar is easy. He’s soft-spoken, charismatic, and wise beyond his years. He has made music his life and passion. One can truly believe this when hearing and watching him perform. I was lucky to catch him during a brief lull of activity. How long have you been playing drums and what got you started? I started playing drums when I got my awesome Pearl double-bass kit on Labor Day 2010. After I got good enough, my dad, Roy Coston, asked me if I would play in his band. Do you play any other instruments? I used to play guitar. I wanted to be just like my dad, but right around the age of 12 or 13, I realized that I couldn’t get anywhere big with guitar, so I moved over to the drums.

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Who are your influences, in terms of style and in character? My dad showed me some awesome double-bass guys like Tommy Aldridge from Whitesnake and Scott Travis from Judas Priest, but I also like John Bonham and some of the stuff he did with one foot. Eric Carr was probably my favorite person to watch and his character was awesome. Same thing with Peter Criss. What was it like performing in your father’s bands? Performing in my dad’s bands was awesome. He gave me the experience and knowledge about the music business, good and bad. With Coston, you got the opportunity to share the stage with many great and famous national bands. Can you relate some of your fondest and most exciting moments? Probably the best memories were Coston opening up for Pat Travers in Syracuse at the Westcott Theatre and another was playing at the Kallet Theatre, in my hometown 11


Oneida, 30 years to the month that my dad played there with his band Ardent. Last year you were voted, by a great majority, to perform in Keith James’ AllStar Band. Who else was included and how was that experience? The Keith James All-Star Band was pretty cool. It only lasted two years. The way that worked was that Keith had a contest for each instrument on the radio station’s website that he worked for at the time. Twenty people or so were nominated by people for each instrument. My dad won the guitar contest and I won the drum contest. Then other guys in different bands won bass, keyboards, and singer (Elliott Ciotti/ Enemy Down, Jeff Dingman/Radionix, and Shawn Scribner/Blame Anchor, respectively), and Keith also played keyboards, so it was a duel thing. We then played a show with no rehearsal, and it was awesome! Each of the respected bands got to open up for the show. It was such a great experience. How did the sponsorship with Soultone Cymbals come about? I went on the Soultone website because I saw Nick Menza from Megadeth, Steven Adler from Guns N’ Roses

and many other guys were endorsing these cymbals. One day I emailed them a packet about what I have done musically. I believe it was the first day of 11th grade that I received an email saying they wanted to endorse me. Now you have joined regional rockers Wicked. How was that process? I saw a posting on Facebook that Wicked was looking for a new drummer. Coston had played a couple shows with them so I knew of them. Their manager, Bob Acquaviva, had been my dad’s old manager in the ’90s, so I knew of him as well. I went into the audition with the five songs that Bob sent me, dyed my hair blond, and I got the job. What differences do you find between playing in Wicked as compared to Coston? Wicked is much simpler on me than Coston was. I went from two bass drums in Coston down to one in Wicked. That was a big change. You say that playing in Wicked is easier than in Coston. Coston was mainly covers, so you were basically emulating other drummers, but in Wicked you need to come up with and invent your own new sounds. What is the rehearsal process like? How do you present your input? Rehearsal is pretty simple. The other guys write a riff during the week and they record it and send it to me. I listen to it or I wait until practice, when we write together. We always write the full song together just to have all of our inputs. I write my parts very simply just to get the basic parts in, and then I

go back and add fills wherever it applies to them. What is on the horizon for Gunnar and Wicked? We will be recording our new album this winter and it will be out in the spring of 2016. You have accomplished so much in so few years. Where do you picture yourself years from now? I hope to be touring the world in the next couple of years. How do you see the local music scene and how do you envision changes? The local music scene in this area seems to be sadly dying, but I’m trying my best to keep it alive and to continue keeping it that way. The music scene I think needs more bands like Wicked. Many of the bands play a lot of the same things. That is what makes us so different, not just from our seven-inch heels and white leather, but the music we play. Bands need to mix in some originals with some of their covers. That’s what made Coston so different from all the other bands, too. Not just from the way we looked, but the songs we played. I agree. Lastly, what advice do you have for the area’s up-and-coming musicians? My advice is to keep practicing! Practice makes perfect. That’s what my dad always told me. I had more experience growing up about music because of the way my life was. Another piece of advice, other than practice, is to always think that there’s someone better than you and you need to climb to their level. That will keep giving you an edge. Great advice. Thank you, Gunnar. May you keep riding that success train! •

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Happy Trails to You

Adirondack Saddle Tours Story and Photos by Gary VanRiper

When my son, Justin, talks about his favorite part of working with me on our Adirondack Kids series of children’s books, he usually refers to the “live research” we do to help keep our stories authentic, such as paddling with loons in Moss Lake, hiking the mountains in the Adirondack high peaks wilderness, riding the train along the Hudson River. He would also act as a model during those excursions for our illustrators. Now it’s the grandchildrens’ turn to help model during research. After 15 books in 15 years, the title for our new book has always been Top Secret, and it still is! But we’ve loosened up a little bit with hints about what our new stories will be about. This year our research took us to (Hint #1) Adirondack Saddle Tours on the Uncas Road along the Fulton Chain of Lakes in Eagle Bay, NY, that for some 30 years has been leading tours in the region by horseback. There were several options for hitting the trails locally, from 1 to 5½ hour rides, among them trips around Moss Lake, Cascade Lake, and a shorter trip through some nearby forest. They will also trailer out to more distant and remote locations. The story we are currently working on revolves around one of those first two locations mentioned (Hint #2), but the question during this research tour was how long the grandchildren would last on horses. Perhaps the greater question was how long I would last in the saddle. We noted all ages were welcome and no experience was needed, which was good for me.

Ben & Judy’s


Megan Payne from Camden, NY, is a guide with Adirondack Saddle Tours.

Grace Birmingham uses the deck to mount her horse, Patches.

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The grandchildren easily mounted their horses from the provided deck and after donning helmets (they are all about safety first there) along with some brief instructions on how to stop and go and turn, we were on our way. I learned pretty quickly each horse had its own distinctive personality. My horse, Jasper, did not like the mud–we made a few short detours. And as for taking photographs while riding? Let’s just say that for every one shot I had in focus there were 10 others that looked like something akin to modern abstract art. Granddaughter Grace’s horse, Patches, was fairly insistent on stopping to eat-repeatedly. And despite his name, Samson was no match in strength for our other granddaughter, Addison, who took charge and kept him on task the entire loop. Hmm. I wonder if any of this will make into our story. (Hint #3) The Saddle Tours website notes that the guides are patient – and ours certainly was. And along the trail the world got a little bit

Riding the trails in the Adirondacks. Tours will continue in November as conditions permit.

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smaller as we learned our guide, Megan, had recently moved to Justin’s and my hometown of Camden, NY, where she and her family built a new horse barn. We are neighbors. The girls absolutely loved the experience and want to go again. And again. That one hour resulted in a lot of great notes for our next story. But even more importantly, just as the various “live research” tours have done for my son and me, it produced yet another lifetime memory for me with our grandchildren. The owner of Adirondack Saddle Tours, John Evans, has ridden the trails for some 50 years and has been committed to making it possible for many with handicaps to enjoy the horseback riding experience as well. I asked him if he offers rides throughout November. He said he does as long as weather allows. He also happened to mention an intriguing object that sits somewhat hidden along the trail that leads to Cascade Falls. (That’s the final hint!) The rest, along with the title of our next book, remains Top Secret.• For more information on Adirondack Saddle Tours visit or call 1-800-HORSEBACK or 315-390-4005. There is also a Facebook page under Adirondack Saddle Tours.

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Gary VanRiper is an author, photographer, and pastor at the Camden Wesleyan Church. He has written 15 children’s books with his son, Justin. Find out more at:

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The Everyday Adventures of Mohawk Valley Girl:

finders keepers

in richfield springs Finders Keepers, on Main Street in Richfield Springs, is not just an antiques store and not just a second-hand store. As owner Anna Rathbun puts it, it is “an everything store.” The first time my husband, Steven, and I were in Finders Keepers, we had been enjoying a stroll down Richfield Springs’ old-fashioned-looking Main Street, waiting for the museum to open. We ventured into Finders Keepers and continued our stroll into the past. Like many such stores, Finders Keepers features a wide variety of items encompassing quite a span of years. The day we were there, it was quite crowded with furniture, decorations, clothing, and more. We enjoyed picking our way through, looking at things that might be fun to own but were definitely fun to look at. Soon I was perusing the books while Steven continued to browse. I found a new-to-me biography of Queen Elizabeth I (I love the Tudors, although I did not catch that series everybody was talking about a short time back), as well as a number of paperbacks. I was especially delighted to find several works of pulp fiction, featuring lurid covers and titles such as The Comfortable Coffin, Pattern for Panic, and Mongo’s Back in Town. I have a minor collection of such books, parts of which I display from time to time. Near the cash register, I discovered a rack of postcards for quite a reasonable price. I love to send postcards, so I picked out several. I don’t think I need to visit a place in order to send somebody a postcard of it, although that is nice when I can. While I browsed, I chatted up the owner about all kinds of things. We talked about revitalizing downtown, a subject of concern to many of villages. She also told me some of the ins and outs of the trash-to-treasure business. I thought I could get a good blog post out of the visit, but later realized it might be a good place to write about for Mohawk Valley Living. This made an excellent excuse to go back again. When



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Nursery & Garden Center

Gift Cards available!

Precut Christmas Trees (assorted sizes and varieties)

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Facebook: George’s Farm Products 607-437-6450

Relax and Embrace the Hamilton Experience! Shop, Dine, Gather during the Holiday Season with Family and Friends

Boutiques Burst with Holiday Specials!

So many wonderful shops and restaurants to choose from filled with unique clothing, gifts, gourmet foods, toys and so much more!

Late Night Shopping Bonus!

Most shops open until 8:00 pm, light refreshments, prizes, and special sales! Friday, November 20th

I called for the hours, I found that they vary greatly, because Anna works alone most of the time. However, she is usually there seven days a week and, if called away, she puts a note on the door with an estimated time of return. The day I visited, I was in luck. Anna was having a wonderful sale: Everything on the sidewalk out front was 25 cents! I immediately picked up a beautiful tin with a Currier and Ives print. Steven loves tins. I again found books and postcards, and chatted for a while with Anna. The reason Finders Keepers features such a wide variety of stuff is that they buy estates. They go into houses that heirs want to sell and take everything, up to, and sometimes including, the spindles on the staircases and the kitchen sink! Anna tries hard to recycle everything, donating many items she does not want to sell in the store. The store has been in business for 23 years, with the last 19 in their current location on Main Street. The Main Street building previously housed Jack Diamond’s Five and Ten Cent Store. I miss five and ten cent stores. We talked a lot about how we love and support local businesses. I enjoyed my second trip to Finders Keepers as much as I had enjoyed my first. I intend to make it a regular stop when I go adventuring in that direction again. •

Finders Keepers 138 W. Main St., Richfield Springs 315-858-9633 Hours vary Cynthia M. Quackenbush, a.k.a. “Mohawk Valley Girl,” writes a daily blog about her everyday adventures in the Mohawk Valley. Follow her frugal fun at:


N O T CLIN SION I L L O C 315.853.5665 PO Box 292, McBride Ave. Clinton, NY Fax: 315.853.4751

Pathway of PEARLS

People Enduring All Realities of Life Successfully

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Artisan Cheese handmade by the Felio Family and sold locally throughout the Mohawk Valley!

For locations visit: Also see us every Saturday at the Oneida Co. Market at Utica’s Union Station!

The Mohawk Valley from a Dog’s Perspective!

RiggY's vIew

Explore Russell Park, Ilion’s gem. Give a bark, for man’s best frend! Cemetery Trail is lesser known, so wag your tail and bury a bone!

Location: Russell Park is located on Park Road off Frederick Street in Ilion behind the Ilion Central School or accessible from the Park Street entrance behind Remington Arms. The parking area for the Cemetery (or Cemetary) Trail is located on the west side of Park Road .3 miles from Highland Ave. behind Remington Arms or .6 miles from Frederick St. behind the Ilion School. GPS: 43.006318, -75.033577

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ilion little theatre BY mohawk valley girl

I have had fewer Mohawk Valley adventures lately than I like due to community theater commitments. Of course, activities with the Ilion Little Theatre (ILT) constitute Mohawk Valley adventures, and community theater is one of my passions. With these thoughts in mind, I look forward to ILT’s 2015-16 season with anticipation. We are deep into rehearsals for the first show of the season, Lunch Hour by Jean Kerr. Suzanne Rodio is directing for the first time at ILT. I have had the pleasure of acting in two plays with Suzanne and am happy to be acting as her stage manager now. Suzanne is excited about the play and about the theater in general. She makes it a point to see as much local theater as possible. Really, I must follow her example and check out the other area community theaters. Lunch Hour is a romantic comedy that is not in the common mode. I do not want to give away too much of the plot (I hate it when advance publicity does that), so I will just say it deals with marital and extra-marital relationships that are not always what they seem (oh, dear, I hope I haven’t said too much!). I don’t think I have to worry about any spoiler alerts for the season’s second production, The Birds by Conor McPherson, because I haven’t read it and don’t know that much about it myself. I do know that it is not like the Alfred Hitchcock movie or the Daphne DuMaurier short story. In other words, theater-goers do not need to worry that real or fake birds will inundate the stage and/or audience (although that would be an awesome effect). The action takes place after the birds have attacked. The characters are sheltering in an isolated home, not even sure if

Volunteers getting ready for the season!

Cushman’s Jewett’s Cheese House

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1212 Catherine St., Utica, NY 733-6603


Tues-Sun 6-2


See Remington firearms and artifacts from the 1800s to today. Shop for clothing, hats, and souvenirs in the Country Store. 14 Hoefler Avenue, Ilion (315) 895-3200 FREE! Mon-Fri. 8am-5pm (store closes 4:30pm)

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other people are left alive. There is no electricity and little food. Soon, the characters feel as threatened by each other as by the birds outside. “So there is a post-apocalyptic thing going on,” I suggested to the director, Stephen Wagner, when he was telling me about it. Post-apocalyptic stuff is really hot these days. Stephen has directed two previous shows for ILT, Don’t Talk to the Actors and The Psychic, both of which I enjoyed very much. I have also enjoyed acting with Stephen. I had planned on taking a show off after Lunch Hour, but, you know, if Stephen WANTS me to audition… If anyone enjoys the final show of the season, they should thank Suzanne Rodio, because she is the one who really pushed me to direct. I’m glad she did, because I might never have found Leading Ladies by Ken Ludwig, one of the funniest scripts I have ever read. Leading Ladies follows two downon-their-luck Shakespearean actors with a plan to get their hands on a lot of dough. Do I need to tell you that things do not go as planned? Once again, I don’t want to tell you too much about it, because I want you to come see it and I want you to be surprised at the comic developments. I can only hope the audience laughs as heartily as I did as I was reading it!•

Ilion Little Theatre will launch their ninety second season on Nov 6th with the romantic comedy "Lunch Hour" by Jean Kerr. Subscribing membership provide admission to all three plays of the season which are still available. "Lunch Hour" will be presented on November 6,7,13,and 14th at 8P.M. and November 8 and 15 at 2P.M Directing will be Suzanne Rodio. "The Birds" will be presented Feb 26, 27 and March 4,5 at 8P.M. and Feb 28 and March 6 at 2 P.M. This play is directed by Steve Wagner. "Leading Ladies" is April 29 & 30 and May 6 and 7 at 8P.M. and May 1 and 8 at 2PM.This p lay is directed by Cindy Quackenbush. Anyone interested in purchasing the season's ticket is asked to call the theatre at 315 894 3203 and leave a message.

Holiday Open House!

Village Florals

Fri. & Sat., Nov. 27 & 28: 8-6 Sunday, Nov. 29: 10-3 Gourmet Samples & Giveaways FREE Poinsettia plant with $100 purchase!

20% off storewide (excluding fresh arrangements/plants)

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Cheese and so much more!

Fresh “Squeaky” Cheese Curd every Thursday Think of us for your Holiday Shopping needs: •Mail Order Gift Boxes •Gift Baskets to order •Gifts & Gourmet Foods Come see us at:

Sauquoit Valley Arts & Craft Show Nov. 21 & 22 & in our Clinton store for the "Holiday Stroll" Nov. 27 & 28 Mail Order Too! Order Online or Call 1-800-211-3345 Visit our stores: 8190 St. Rt. 12, Barneveld (next to Family Dollar) and 13 W Park Row, Clinton or shop 24

For a Farewell that Lasts Forever...

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This Thanksgiving, share good food, happy memories, and your plans... Visit us for preplanning options.

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a visit to

Oliver’s organic eggs in frankfort story and photos by sharry l. whitney

As I drive along Clemons Road, enjoying the breathtaking views of the Mohawk Valley, I daydream I’m in Switzerland. I’ve never been to Switzerland, but I grew up hearing wonderful stories about it from my father, who spent time there during his military service. Today, though, I’m on a “domestic flight” to visit Oliver and Shauna Aeschlimann at Oliver’s Organics Eggs in Frankfort. The reason this farm is here—and the reason our community enjoys their organic eggs—is because this place reminded Oliver’s father of Switzerland. Fritz Aeschlimann, a Swiss dairy farmer, emigrated from Switzerland to Canada with his wife in 1976. They raised four boys on their farm in Kincardine, Ontario, until the boys grew into young men. It was then that Fritz realized that all of his boys were interested in the family dairy business, but due to supply management quotas in Canada, they would not all be able to expand the farm. He began looking for a new place in the northern United States, searching from Wisconsin to New England. When he came to the Mohawk Valley, the landscape reminded him of Switzerland and he knew he found their new home. Oliver, the eldest, was 16 years old when they made the move to the United States. That was around 20 years ago. Today, Oliver, his wife, Shauna, and their two daughters raise organic eggs, broiler chickens, and turkeys for Thanksgiving. Although Oliver has his degree in Dairy Management from SUNY Cobleskill, he loves chickens. He and his wife purchased 20 acres of farmland next door to the family dairy farm where

Inset: 18-month-old Avery loves her chickens; From top: Oliver Aeschlimann has a degree in dairy management, but chose to raise chickens; October is the last month for aising chicks before the weather turns cold; The turkeys at Oliver’s Organic Eggs are free-range, and enjoy dining on plants and insects.

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Oliver’s parents continue to raise organic grass-fed dairy cows (90-plus head) with the help of Oliver’s three younger brothers, Wes, Dominic, and Lukas. Both he and his father adopted organic farming practices in 2006. The advantage of making the change to organic farming together allowed Oliver and his father to share in the growing of the organic grains they need. They farm about 700 acres of land, both owned and rented. “The hardest thing about going organic was that there weren’t any successful role models in the area at the time,” Oliver says. “It was a lot of trial and error. My dad, brother, and I use crop rotation, the more in rotation the better. With organic practices, you can’t just spray the weeds down. You have to amend the soil to try and manage them.” Another challenge to raising certified organic, free-range hens is that they have to have access to the outdoors daily. Out on pasture, the chickens enjoy eating a variety of plants and insects, which makes them healthier and producers of nutritious eggs. But outdoors, they are also vulnerable to their biggest predator, hawks. The Aeschlimanns’ corgi, Roman, is great with the chickens, but offers little protection from a swooping raptor. And then there’s the paperwork. Shauna handles all the bookkeeping for the business, including documenting any instance when the chickens need to stay in for the day. “The only time we don’t let them out is if the wind and cold is dangerous for them,” she says.

Top: The Aeschlimann family (l-r): Oliver, Rhianna, Avery, and Shauna Bottom: Oliver and his cousin Tim on the family dairy farm in Canada, 1979

This year, pass down


th A Past. i W t n e s e Pr

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When the Aeschlimanns welcomed their second daughter, Avery, Shauna quit her job to work on the farm full time. Both Avery, 18 months, and her big sister, Rhianna, 3, like to help collect eggs (which are gathered three times a day) and help with the feeding of the chickens and turkeys. “Shauna is really the backbone of the business,” Oliver concedes. “And we couldn’t do it with Millie’s help, too,” he adds, speaking of Shauna’s grandmother Millie Sirko, who also helps with babysitting. “She puts the labels on all the cartons.” In addition to their hens, Oliver’s Organics Eggs raised 350 turkeys this year, and they’re sold out. They wish they could have raised more and hope to eventually make them available year-round. “Shauna’s the turkey farmer,” Oliver says. “It was her idea. She raises them from hatchlings, which is more difficult than raising chickens.” The turkeys were pre-sold through the new CSA they started last year, which means they were sold before they even hatched. The meat and eggs produced by their 3,000 NOFA certified organic hens are sold through their CSA as well as at Tom’s Natural Foods in Clinton and Szarek Farms in Westmoreland. The restaurant The Tailor & The Cook in Utica is a client as well. They also have a New York City contract for 600 halal meat hens. Distributors in Albany and Ghent, NY, sell the majority of the 1,500-2,000 eggs they produce each week. “That’s an important number for us,” Oliver says. “It means we’re productive. Productivity is key.” Oliver says a good laying hen will be productive about 1.5 years. Efficiency is crucial. So how does he keep track of 3,000 chickens? Productive egg-layers are singled out with an identifying blue mark. Leg bands identify young up-and-coming egg-layers. Between the raising of hatchlings, growing and rotating organic feed crops, maintaining the flock, warding off predators, and all the paperwork, operating an organic farm is a tough job. “It’s full-time and it’s hard,” Oliver says. “But I love raising chickens.” As I drive away, I pass Oliver’s father’s farm. I see Fritz working on a tractor with his sons, and watch his youngest son, Lukas, fixing a fence—reminders of just how hard farming is. But then the idyllic rolling hills behind the grazing cattle call to me like a Swiss yodel, as they probably did to Fritz Aeschlimann 20 years ago, and I’m pulled back into my daydream. •

Top: The dairy farm that Oliver’s father, Fritz, grew up on in Switzerland. Middle: Rhianna, age 3, enjoys helping out with daily chores. Bottom: The Aeschlimann’s nearly 3,000 chickens have access to the outdoors every day.

Stash Away INC.

quilt shoppe


Bicycle Parts, Accessories & Clothing Repairs on All Makes & Models of Bikes Cross-Country Skis & Snowshoes 411 Mohawk St., Herkimer, NY 315-866-5571


November 5th,6th,7th and 8th FABRICS • NOTIONS • BOOKS HANDMADE GIFTS • CLASSES PATTERNS• WOOL/SUPPLIES 8388 Elmer Hill Rd., Rome 315-533-7611 Closed Mon., Open Tues/Wed 10-4, Thurs 11-8, Fri/Sat 10-5, Sun 11-5

Primitive/Country Furniture & Home Decor If you like country/primitive, you’ll love our shop! Unique one of a kind items.

Christmas Open House! Nov. 28, 10-5 2353 Route 80, West Burlington 607-643-6127 Open Tues-Sat 10-5 • Facebook at Bittersweet Farm Mercantile

local arts

barbara decker story and photos by sharry l. whitney

It’s Tuesday evening, and in Barbara Decker’s home studio in Clinton, NY, Berit Nelson is quietly repairing a broken thread in the towel she is weaving. She is in the company of those who can sympathize. The small studio is filled to capacity with weavers, which means there are four in the room: Barbara and three students. “Co-weavers” might be a better term for Barbara’s weekly weaving students, some of whom have been attending “class” for nearly 10 years. Barbara would be the first to admit that she is a student herself. “You can never know it all,” she says gleefully. “There’s always new stuff to learn.” She shows me the complicated pattern Berit is weaving. “It’s called turned taqueté,” Barbara says. “We don’t know what it means, but it’s fun to say.” Berit has been weaving with Barbara for about nine years. She started weaving while living

Top photos: Barbara helps long-time weaver, Berit Nelson, with her weaving technique called turned taqueté; Middle: Lewis Jones uses a weaving technique known as soumak; Bottom: Monica Spath is working on an unusual weaving inspired by modern anime 29

in California. When she moved to this area, she found Barbara and now weaves here. Next to her, Diana Shaw is working on a pretty white-and sage-colored placemat. The pattern is a special anniversary weave celebrating the 40th anniversary of the popular yarn store WEBS. When asked why she weaves, she points accusingly to Berit and says, “It’s her fault!” Tucked behind the door at the other side of the room is a loom where Lewis Jones is working on a pillow top. It’s a combination of straight weaving and tapestry, known as soumak. He has been weaving here at Barbara’s for four years. In the adjacent room, Monica Spath is working on an unusual weaving inspired by modern anime. “My first love was drawing and painting,” she says. “I’m a creative person, so I enjoy this, too.” This is her seventh year weaving at Barbara’s. In the middle of the main room is

Diana Shaw weaves a placemat using a special anniversary weave published by a popular yarn store.


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the loom Barbara is working on. Her hands are a blur as she throws the shuttle back and forth through the yard threads. She is currently working on a vibrantly colored chenille shawl that she describes as “yummy.” She first learned to weave about 40 years ago while her husband was working on his doctorate in Ohio. A lady was hosting a weaving class, so Barbara thought she’d give it a try. She was hooked immediately and within the first year had purchased her own loom. When she and her husband moved to Clinton, she joined what is now the Foothills Weaving & Fiber Arts Guild. “I was destined to weave,” she says. The weaving process makes her feel connected to the centuries-old tradition that is a part of many cultures. “It’s so old and so universal,” she says. “You find it everywhere, your clothes, the curtains, rugs, towels....” She feels lucky to live in a time where weaving can be done as a creative art instead of out of necessity. She is currently

It’s not too early to think about...(gulp)...SNOW!

John Hargreaves attends the morning weaving class at Barbara Decker’s home studio in Clinton.

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Elizabeth Phillips Storm, ca. 1845, Ammi Phillips, oil on canvas. Fenimore Art Museum, Gift of Mr. and Mrs. Clayton E. Weber. Seated Young Girl Working on an Album (American, ca. 1845-50). Tinted sixth plate daguerreotype. Collection of Jane Katcher.

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focused on creating women’s clothing that is both timeless and stylish. The repetitive nature of weaving makes it a very relaxing occupation. “A lot of people have to do yoga or meditation to get rid of stress,” Barbara says. “I get to weave. I get to do meditation, and I have yardage at the end!” Barbara enjoys sharing her enthusiasm for weaving, which is why she began her Tuesday weaving classes long ago. Over the years she has woven together a small group of dedicated weavers who are all different, but bound together by their love of weaving. “I enjoy seeing the things they’re working on. They’re doing such interesting projects,” she says. “It’s also nice to share with people who know the same language, and know when threads break it deserves sympathy and support.” •

Holiday Open House 4-8 p.m. Friday, Dec. 4, and 10 a.m.-4 p.m. Saturday, Dec. 5 9 Franklin Ave., Clinton (315) 853-2174


MV Nature

a november walk in the forest

White-tailed Deer follows a scent

story and photos by Matt Perry The November woods echo with the voices of Canada Geese flying high above the tree tops. These honking calls are as much a staple of the fall woods as the sight of an antlered White-tailed Deer doggedly perusing the scent of a doe. The “V” shaped flying formations of the geese slowly shift as individuals take up new positions in the “V” by moving forward or back in line and as the flocks themselves merge and separate. Though some of these flocks are migrating south, many of the geese are merely commuting. In the morning, they travel from the wetlands (the rivers and marshes) to the countryside in search of cut cornfields where they can feed. In the evening, right before dark, they make the reverse trip. This behavior typically continues until snow covers their foraging fields and ice covers their wetlands. When that comes to pass, the majority of these

Few beechnuts were left on the ground

holdout flocks will finally leave for good. In the Mohawk Valley they will not be seen again until they return in the spring. By mid-November the nature preserve’s deciduous trees are largely void of foliage except for the buckthorn bushes at the forest edge, which remain dark green. As I walk the forest trails, I scan the ground for signs of foraging behavior by wildlife. When you can’t find the creatures themselves, finding evidence of them is the next best thing, and it can offer as good, if not better, insights into their behavior. At this time, the leaves covering the ground are still intact and easily recognizable by species, even though their colors have faded. Only a few weeks before, what constituted a multi-hued three-dimensional forest canopy has become a two-dimensional carpet–a vast and seemingly unbroken mosaic of browns and tans; and now this carpet is as flat as if it had been spread out with a rolling pin. That’s what a few rain showers can do at this time of year. My walk led me to a grove of prominent nut-bearing trees. I looked below them for signs of disturbance in the leaf litter. This was a poor year for nut-production, but a few of the older beech trees were marginally prolific and produced a few bushels of nuts. Sure enough, the leaves beneath a patriarch beech had been rummaged through. Wild Turkeys had visited the site and had scoured it for nuts. No doubt they were also feast-


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Flocks of Canada Geese fly overhead

ing on the insects and plant seeds that were uncovered. Some areas around the base of the tree looked like they’d been worked with a metal rake, but it was the powerful feet and claws of the turkeys that were responsible for the scratching. Further confirmation of the perpetrators’ identities came in the form of their droppings that liberally anointed the area. A few cast-off feathers also acted as the turkeys’ unmistakable calling cards. For such large and seemingly awkward birds, turkeys are quite adept at searching for food in hard-to-reach places. Judging by the amount of wild grapes on the ground, it was clear that at least one turkey had flown into a nearby sugar maple tree in order to get to the grape vine entwined in its upper branches. From a precarious perch, the turkey was able to feast on the sweet grapes. On the ground below, I could see that much of the fruit was lost to gravity, but if only one out of every 20 grapes I found was consumed, then the turkeys were eating well indeed.



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Upon leaving, I hadn’t gone 50 feet from the feeding area when a young male turkey (called a “Jake”) suddenly exploded up from the ground. He rose diagonally and shot like a guided missile into the air, bashing through beech branches and hemlock boughs along the way. I was just beginning to wonder why this guy had been left behind by the group, when five others sprung to their feet, ran about three yards and hurled themselves into the air. They all flew in the same general direction as the first bird. About 30 seconds later, I could hear them haphazardly coming down into distant tree tops, and crash land-

Hermit Thrush

ing onto perches, which is their way. I probably spoke too soon when I compared the Jake’s flight to a guided missile; there seems to be little “guided” about the flight of the Wild Turkey. As I continued on my trek, I kept my eyes on the forest floor for more subtle examples of animal foraging. I thought of some possible songbirds for which I might find evidence. How about a Hermit Thrush? They occasionally spend the fall, and even the early part of the winter with us. They make their living by turning over individual leaves and searching for insects and worms. I wondered if I would be able to distinguish a leaf manipulated by a thrush from one turned over by the wind, or one shoved aside by the hoof of a deer. Possibly; but in the midst of my quandary, I was distracted by a large bird flying in low from the edge of the woods. On silent wings, it flew into a small swamp and disappeared into its recesses. That had to be an owl, but I wasn’t sure which species. I fol-

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Wild Turkey in a clearing lowed after it – all the while adopting the slow deliberate motions of a foraging deer. I knew that if this were a Great Horned Owl, it wouldn’t stick around to be ogled by a human, but it might tolerate something less intrusive. Otherwise, it would head far deeper into the woods where it could resume hunting in solitude. As I methodically crept closer to the owl’s suspected location, I began to hear the short scolding calls of a songbird. I glimpsed the bird’s spotted chest; it was a Hermit Thrush and he was swooping down at something. After taking another few steps, I could see the predator that was drawing his ire; it was a

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The Barred Owl seemed unbothered by the songbird’s attack Barred Owl. She was perched on a small hemlock tree, where she stoically tolerated the mock lashing from the thrush. I say “mock” lashing because the songbird never actually made physical contact with the owl; it was all just a show. Witnessing this behavior so far removed from the thrush’s breeding season seemed a curious thing. It’s presumed that during the nesting season, a Hermit Thrush will try to drive off a perceived nest predator--but what would justify this type of “mobbing” behavior at this time of year? In November, the thrush would have no family or nest to protect.

Presumably, he’d only have himself to watch out for, and it appeared he was putting himself in more jeopardy by hazing the owl. Why risk your life trying to drive off a formidable predator when you can just as easily move to another part of the forest? I suspect that such defensive behavior is hard-wired in the thrush’s brain, and he simply can’t turn it off at will. The Barred Owl, for her part, seemed to ignore the thrush and went about looking for chipmunks and other preferred rodent prey. My forest adventure wasn’t quite over yet. As I reached the next clearing, I looked up to catch a glimpse of another noisy flock of Canada Geese and I happened to see two raptors circling in the sky above them. One was screeching out a familiar call–it was one of the nature preserve’s resident Red-tailed Hawks. The hawk appeared none-too-happy about the other raptor traversing its airspace. The interloper was an immature Golden Eagle and it easily dwarfed the Red-tail. The eagle was about as unperturbed by the Red-tail’s rebuke as the Barred Owl was by the Hermit Thrush’s scolding. It just soared leisurely along on a southerly heading. Golden Eagles are typically the last of the raptors to migrate through the re-


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gion in the fall. In fact, mid to late November is the best time to see one. Occasionally, an immature Golden Eagle will spend the winter in the Mohawk Valley. I recall a few years ago finding one in the company of two Bald Eagles by the West Canada Creek in Newport. The Golden Eagle is not a fish eater like the Bald Eagle, but both species do partake of carrion, and likely they were making a good living feeding on road kill in that area. As I exited the woods, I could see that the forest was all but prepared for a new paradigm to take hold. The last vestiges of the growing season were quickly Juvenile Golden Eagle disappearing and the fall’s transition to winter was at hand. •

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On the farm with Suzie

holidays on the farm by Suzie Jones

I so enjoy the holiday season! The last two calendar months of the year seem, for nearly all intents and purposes, dedicated to food, drink, and family--although not necessarily in that order. On the farm, it means a slowing down after a busy summer and exhausting fall harvest season. I get back to really enjoying food again. I cook and bake. We throw a holiday party for friends and neighbors. We are social once again after a long, communal drought that allows only work, work, and more work. But, of course, holidays on the farm aren’t all gift wrap, turkey legs, and grasshopper pies. Farming continues in its usual, unforgiving manner. A few Novembers back, we agreed to allow a friend to set coyote traps on our land—down the hill, near our creek. Our children and dogs had no reason to go over there at that time of the year, and we certainly didn’t mind him thinning out our resident predator population. Our friend quietly came and went those crisp fall days, checking his traps regularly. Later that month, we were excited to have family from Pittsburgh visit for Thanksgiving. Our three nieces are the same ages as our girls, and are equally active and curious about the natural world. When my daughters asked—on Thanksgiving Day itself—if they could take their cousins down to the creek, I thought nothing of it. In fact, I was relieved to have them out of the house so my sister-in-law and I could concentrate on getting the big feast ready. It couldn’t have been 20 minutes later when I heard the screams. My youngest, Margaret, had sprinted the quarter-mile up the hill and back to the house, screaming that Canute (our guardian dog) had been caught in a trap. Of course,

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Photo of Canute by Khushi

we dropped everything and ran down to investigate. Canute, at 140 pounds, was wild with fear. Any attempt we made to open the noose holding his paw resulted in him thrashing and snapping—he seemed to be all teeth and froth. I had never feared our gentle gianttractors until Upgraded PowerStar™ bring farming comfort and efficiency to a that day. (A frightened dog can be extremely completely level. Both dangerous.) We callednew our vet—Herkimer Vet- the 64-hp T4.65 PowerStar™ and 75-hp T4.75 are erinary Associates—and Dr. Fischer was built New Holland SMARTthewith: lucky doc on call. “How was your turkey?” I During this year’s Value Bonanza sales event, take advantage of more SMART ways to asked in my attempt to keep the mood light. “I save, including 0% FINANCING, CASH BACK and ever-popular BONANZA BUCKS • XL COMFORT: don’t know—it just came outVisionView™ of the oven!” was cab provides on select New Holland products. You’ll find the best his reply. Oops. But Dr. Fischer comfort, came straight- visibility industry-leading and savings of the year on that New Holland tractor and away and managed to sedate our frightened convenience with two wide-opening doors, a pooch. It was only then that we could extract equipment you’ve had your eye on. platform, a 10-vent himflat-deck from the trap and assess any damage. Re- climate system, But time is not on your side—Value Bonanza ends CommandArc™ console, left-hand power markably, the trap had done exactly what it was November 30, 2015 so hurry into your New Holland meant to do—ensnare foot,more. but otherwise shuttle leverhis and dealer today! not hurt him in any way. During this year’s XS OPERATING COSTS: withValue Bonanza sales event, take advantage of more SMART ways to • Every winter, we have our usual cropTier of 4B engines save, including lambs and goat kids—a few each day throughadvanced common rail technology deliver 0% FINANCING, CASH BACK and ever-popular BONANZA BUCKS on select New Holland products. You’ll find the best out the months offueling December and Once response See alland the SMART precise forJanuary. optimal fuel deals at savings of the year on that New Holland tractor and all is said and done, we will have 100-120 baefficiency with industry-leading, 600-hour equipment you’ve had your eye on. bies bouncing around our barn. Thankfully, service the vast majorityinterval. of those births are uneventful But time is not on your side—Value Bonanza ends with experienced, healthy mothers doing most Choose New to save youNovember money,30, 2015 so hurry into your New Holland of•the work all on their Holland own. Of course, we dealer today! and protect births, the environment. havedowntime had our fair share of not-so-simple Clinton Tractor & Impl Co too. But, again, the vast majority of those need-


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ing assistance just need a simple re-positioning of the head before it will exit the birth canal or pulling a very large baby out of a tired mom. Unfortunately, we had a sheep prolapse her entire uterus a few years ago…on New Year’s Day, in fact. Having never dealt with a prolapse before, I called our vet and found that Dr. Hayes was on call. He told us to keep her calm and still, and to run warm, clean water over her prolapsed uterus until he could arrive. Once Dr. Hayes was on site, he proceeded to remove the placenta (detaching the cotyledons from the caruncles), rinsed her uterus well and checked it for tears, and then slowly and carefully pushed it back where it belonged. It was fascinating to watch and I learned so much that day. Our sheep, “Prolapsia” as we then named her, pushed her uterus out again a few days later. But having watched Dr. Hayes do it, I got my confidence up, rinsed her (now much smaller) uterus and pushed it back into place. I’ve grown accustomed to recognizing the signs of early labor in sheep and goats: Pawing the ground, “talkative” behavior, seeking out a quiet spot. I’ve become attuned to the timing necessary to have their babies unassisted and can even manage to go into the house for a hot cocoa or warm my boots for the fire before going out again and attending to wet newborns and anxious mothers. It was last Christmas Eve that I noticed young Lizzy, a first-time freshening ewe, was straining and pushing as if she were in labor. She had showed no other signs of labor—she didn’t even look like she was ready to freshen, really. Everything about it was very odd. I checked her and found that her cervix hadn’t softened or opened. She clearly needed more time for labor to progress, so I gave her a quiet spot with fresh water and hay and went inside to wrap presents. When I went back out 45 minutes later, she was really straining—pushing as if her life depended on it. As I texted my husband to come out for a consult, I watched her push out much of her large intestine. Before I could even react, she pushed out more…much more. It was an absolute mess. We didn’t call the vet that night, as we knew there was no fix for poor Lizzy. My husband often gets the worst job on the farm—putting an animal down—and he did it quickly and quietly that Christmas Eve night. So, yes, I love the holiday season and its change in pace and focus. But we’re never really “off the clock,” as the farm is always calling. I’m also continually wary of my track record of needing a veterinarian on major holidays. Here’s hoping your (and my) holidays are uneventful this year! • Suzie Jones and her husband, Peter, own Jones Family Farm in Herkimer. Together, with their children, they produce specialty goat cheeses and gelato. Find them at local farmers’ markets and at:


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Not your Grandma’s Winter Squash By Denise A. Szarek

No Thanksgiving here in the Mohawk Valley is complete without winter squash. Most of us grew up with some form of mashed butternut or acorn squash. Squashes are one of the oldest crops–10,000 years by some estimates. Native Americans grew squash in the “Three Sister” tradition alongside corn and beans. Sure, we all grew up with butternut and acorn squash. In addition to the familiar butternut and acorn squash, varieties come in a staggering diversity of fruit size, shape, and color. Heirloom squash varieties have been cultivated all over the world, from Japan to Italy to Australia. A member of the cucurbitaceous family, the squash is related to melons, cucumbers, and gourds. Harvested in the fall, winter squash, which includes pumpkin varieties, are distinguished from zucchini and other summer squash by their dry, hard skin and long shelf life that extends through winter. They must be cured

for 10 days or more after harvest, at which point their skins harden and their starches turn to sugar. When properly stored in a cool, dry place, some squash varieties will keep for up to six months. Nutritionally, squashes are powerhouses packed with beta carotene, Vitamin C, potassium, magnesium, manganese, calcium, and fiber. With their diverse shapes, sizes, and colors, heirloom winter squashes are grown for their remarkable appearances, as well as their distinct flavors. We use a lot of compost, feed them with organic pelleted chicken poo and mulch them. Winter squash is easy to grow if you have room. If your room is limited, there are wonderful bush varieties that work well in tight spaces. One of my all-time favorite winter squashes is the buttercup squash for its rich creamy taste and texture, but this year we have diversified our garden and we highly recommend you try some of these heirloom varieties in your garden:


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Boston Marrow – This is perhaps the oldest squash still sold in America. The squash originated in Upstate New York and legend has it that Native Americans gifted the vegetable to European settlers. But beware if your Boston Marrow squash has a neck – it’s not a true Boston Marrow. We only grow ours from the Landreth Seed Com-


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Acorn – These small ridged squash have long been the standby at many a Thanksgiving dinner. With hard skin and sweet orange flesh, acorns can be found in a variety of colors. Try the small colorful striped carnival squash, a hybrid of the acorn or the “sweet dumpling,” which is perfect for stuffing.

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pany, which can trace the seeds back to 1831. It’s excellent for pies. Buttercup – Truly one of my favorites. A variety of turban squash, the buttercup is squat and pumpkin shaped with faintly striped, dark green skin. The flesh is sweet potato-like, somewhat dry and great for mashing with butter. Butternut – The pearshaped butternut has dense, sweet nutty flesh and very few seeds, making it Grandma’s favorite cooking squash to mash, roast, or puree in soups. The Waltham variety is our favorite of this cream-colored classic.

skin is edible, too.

Delicata – This small oblong squash is a great single serving squash. Just cut in half, scoop out the seeds, and bake stuffed with your favorite savory filling. No need to peel, the thin striped

Georgia Candy Roaster – Heirloom squash from North Georgia that produces vigorous vines and ample long fruits that store well into spring. The Cherokee in the Appalachians originally cherished this squash for its ability to withstand winter frost. We fell in love with this squash this season and plan on growing more next season. Hubbard – With blue-gray, bumpy skin and a tear-drop shape, this heavy weight of the squash family tops the scale at 20 pounds average. The Hubbard’s family-size heft makes it a favorite for roasting and thus a great turkey substitute at a veg-



etarian Thanksgiving. Luckily, there is a wonderful small variety of this classic called Blue Ballet, which is just as flavorful as its big sister, but much easier to handle. Kabocha – Similar to a Buttercup, this Japanese variety (Kabotcha is Japanese for squash) has dense flesh and hard skin that softens when cooked. The deep yellow flesh is a bit flaky and dry, but sweet. Bake or roast it with lots of butter. Pumpkin – Generally classified into two categories: those for carving and those for eating. Field pumpkins sold for jack-o-lanterns usually lack flavor while sugar pie pumpkins like the New England pie variety hold true to their name. Squat and richly hued French heirlooms, Rouge Vif d’Etampes and Musquee d’ Provence make a wonderful fall display but are also tasty roasted. One of our favorites is Long Island Cheese pumpkin. Red Kuri – Resembles a small Hubbard with a deep red-orange skin, the red Kuri has a chestnut-like flavor. Its bowl-like seed cavity works well for stuffing. Spaghetti – Light yellow skin, large and oblong, the spaghetti is another favorite of ours. When roasted, the light, stringy flesh comes away in strands that makes a delicious gluten/carb-free pasta substitute. Just scrape flesh with fork. Turban – Also known as Turk’s Cap, makes a colorful centerpiece not to be mistaken for a decorative gourd. Turbans are edible, with a sweet nutty flavor.


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They’re great roasted and made into soup. Phew! Lots of great winter squash to try, both in your garden or to look for at your local farmers’ market. Cooking and Freezing – We roast several squash at a time on a cookie sheet in the oven at 350 degrees for about an hour depending on size. Place the squash on the cookie sheet and pierce with a fork in several places to allow steam to escape. When fork tender, remove from the oven, allow to cool, cut in half, and scoop out the seed. Scoop out the flesh and use in your recipe or pack in freezer bags or plastic containers and freeze until ready to use.

Roasted Winter Squash and Apple Soup by Denise Szarek

1 winter squash 2 sweet tart apples, peeled and cut in half 2 pears, peeled and cut in half 1 medium yellow onion, peeled and cut in half 2 cloves garlic, peeled 1/4 c. oil 2 tsp. salt 1 tsp. finely chopped fresh rosemary 1 tsp. fresh thyme leaves 1 tsp. ground allspice 1 c. heavy cream 4 c. unsalted chicken or veggie broth Preheat oven to 400 degrees F. Place the squash on a cookie sheet; pierce it in several spots with a fork. In a large bowl, combine the apples, pears, onions, garlic, olive oil rosemary, thyme, and allspice, toss all to coat well with oil. Spread on the cookie sheet with the squash. Roast, turning once, until fork tender, 40-50 mins. When done cut the squash in half, remove seeds, and scoop out the flesh. Place all the veggies/fruit in a large soup pot. Puree, using an immersion blender, with the veggie/chicken broth. Place the pot over medium heat, add heavy cream and simmer until warmed through. To serve, garnish with thinly slice apples. Enjoy!

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mv Family road trip

a trip to old forge

story and photos By Melinda Karastury The Mohawk Valley is a wonderful place to live in, with its close proximity to the scenic Adirondack Mountains, lakes, and rivers. We pack up parents/grandparents LeeAnn and Gary Brockett and my children Joshua and Alana Karastury and head to Thendara, NY, for a trip on the Adirondack Scenic Railroad. The family arrives at the quaint Thendara (Old Forge) station and heads to the ticket booth. We check out the gift shop while picking up the tickets. Alana purchases a pen in which a train moves back and forth on the track as you move the pen. Checking the clock, we head outside and line up for a 12:30 p.m. departure. “All aboard the Adirondack Scenic Railroad!” shouts the conductor, Phil. He greets each of the passengers as they board the train. The train is departing from Thendara to Otter Lake and back again. The small historic train station located in Thendara is a throwback to the golden age of railroading, a time when wealthy entrepreneurs like Cornelius Vanderbilt, Andrew Carnegie, J.P. Morgan, and Collis P. Huntington built fabulous wilderness estates in the heart of the Adirondacks. The Preservation Society that operates the railroad is a not-for-profit corporation chartered by the New York State Department of Education. The Railroad is staffed by 150 volunteers and only a few full and part-time employees. In July 1994, the Adirondack Centennial Railroad became the Adirondack Scenic Railroad. Annually, the railroad carries more than 55,000 tourists and outdoor enthusiasts to experience the pristine mountain terrain and remote areas of the Adirondacks, all with minimal impact on the environment. We find some seats sit across from one another, kids on one side and adults on the other. The train lurches forward and black smoke billows from the stack of engine #8223 as the green and gray coaches chug along the tracks. Josh is relaxed in his seat with his face pressed to the window as the world whips by at about 30 miles an hour. The ride is very comfortable and at one point we each navigate the coaches. Navigating the train while moving is like riding a wave, and it requires a keen focus to



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Kaydence Crissey holds up the perfect size pumpkin for a little girl

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keep your balance while having fun at the same time. “It is a challenge navigating the carts, but I enjoy walking through the train while it is moving,” LeeAnn says. In the open cart area, Alana, Josh, and even Grandpa get in on putting their heads out the window as their hair whips in the wind. “The open cart is the best place to be!” Gary says. The train ventures through forests, past sparkling rivers, over bridges, tranquil ponds and streams, into the six-million-acre Adirondack Park. The scenery is vibrant and a color palette of red, oranges, and yellows can be seen in every direction. “The Adirondack Scenic Railroad is very relaxing. The colors along the river are beautiful, and it is a good time overall,” LeeAnn says as the ride nears its end. Alana chimes in, “My favorite part is watching the engine switch around and go to what was the back to take us back to the train station. So cool!” Josh smiles and says, “The Adirondacks are so beautiful, like a colorful painting.” Gary sums up the experience: “Together with my family on this beautiful autumn day is my favorite part of the trip.” We embrace in a group hug and marvel at a family trip together that highlights fall in New York. Exiting the train, we acknowledge the fact that the Adirondack Scenic Railway is a very important cultural and scenic asset to Central New York. The day doesn’t end there as we head a couple of miles up the road to the town of Old Forge. Ozzie’s Café, located on Main St. in Old Forge, is the perfect location for “linner” after a beautiful after-

Engine #8223 departs from Thendara Station on its way to Otter Lake.

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Joshua Karastury watches the autumn landscape go by.

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Clockwise from top left: Gary and LeeAnn Brockett enjoy a ride on the ADK Scenic RR; A young boy hangs from a window as we watch engine #8223 switch from south to north on the tracks; Ozzie’s Cafe, Main St., Old Forge; The autumn colors and rushing waters of Moose River. noon on the Adirondack Scenic Railroad. The name Ozzie’s lovingly refers to owner Eric Sutherland’s first golden retriever. When entering the cafe, you will initially see a large sign with the words “Love, Laughter, & Friends are Always Welcome Here.” The family-run business, open since 2008, is gracious and friendly. Relative Becky McGough greets us when we enter and hands us menus. She highlights the specials, and we take a seat at a unique refurbished door table that seats five. The menu can satisfy any craving. Alana comments on the many dog paw prints that can be found all over the rustic cafe. Gary goes to the counter and places our order with Romanian barista extraordinaire Diana Grigoruta. The autumn harvest coffee warms the hands and body with its splendid spicy seasonal blend that is the perfect caffeine kick for an afternoon of fall foliage. The staff dances about the café all smiles as a steady stream of people enter and exit. The storefront has ample additional seating of Adirondack chairs and tables

 

Thank you for 33 years!

    

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r. Jessica Price is the proud new owner of Clinton Veterinary Hospital (Dr. Walsh has retired). The location and hours will remain the same, but the name will be changing to “Clinton Pet Vet”.

Ozzie’s Cafe staff: Becky McGough, Diana Grigoruta, Alex Sutherland, and owner Eric Sutherland. for patrons to enjoy the outdoors. Alana slurps down her “thumbs-up, too-good-to-stop-andtalk, brain freeze” delicious peach smoothie. Joshua warms himself up with a cup of mint tea. The food comes shortly after we order. The McCauley Mountain hot panini is slow roasted beef with a tangy blue cheese dressing, and it is scrumptious. Gary is happy with the Seventh Lake cold panini saying, “Roast beef and horseradish is one of my favorite combinations.” Alana is a grilled cheese lover, so she asks for a special order from Ozzie’s and they courteously make a cheddar cheese ciabatta panini for her. “It’s cheesy and the ciabatta bread is so yummy!” Alana happily says. Joshua enjoys one of his favorites, a breakfast sandwich with maple ham. He devours it so fast we all joke that we didn’t even see him eat it. Mom’s gluten-free chicken salad over Romaine with walnuts and green apple is sweet and tasty. Owner Eric asks us how everything is and says, “We have the best espresso and coffee in town.” He says the customer favorite food items are the paninis and chili. The season is winding down but visitors still stop by to fuel up and warm up with the extensive menu and many cafe drinks. Ozzie’s is a homey eatery right in the heart of Old Forge, and they treat their customers like family. It is also conveniently located for browsing the many great shops in town. We stroll around town window shopping and stop in a few of the shops to check out a variety of goods. Of course, we get some ice cream at the Pied Piper. We take our cones to a bench and sit by the Old Forge Pond, watching the geese across the way on the sandy beach. The view is breathtaking, and the family takes a few quiet moments to stare off at the colorful spectrum of trees and mountains. Geese fly overhead as they honk goodbye. The sun is lower in the sky now, and we all saunter over the covered bridge back to the car all tuckered out from a busy day. The ride home is nostalgic and filled with love, laughter, and stories of the Adirondacks. •

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Some old photos of The Ohio Tavern. The left picture is from the 30’s or 40’s when it was still more of a bar room/ dance hall for loggers. The photo on the right is the original building built by Sam Zogby as a store and gas station. He sold supplies to loggers in order to generate enough money to build his “hotel.” 50 50

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Specializing in Weddings & Banquets


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winter farmers markets NEW! Clinton Indoor Farmers Market

Just a few years ago winter markets were as rare as a good tomato in January, but now they're popping up everywhere! Be sure to make them a regular part of your grocery shopping this winter. Who knows, you might even find a good indoor tomato!

Thursdays, 10am-3pm, October 15-December 10 Kirkland Art Center 9 1/2 East Park Row, Clinton

Cooperstown Farmers’ Market

Saturdays, 9am-2pm, September-December January-April 10am-2pm 101 Main Street, Cooperstown

Hamilton Farmers’ Market

3rd Saturday of the month, 9am-1pm, November-April Parry's General Store 100 Utica Street, Hamilton

Little Falls Winter Farmers Market

2nd and 4th Saturdays of the Month, 9am-1pm, November-April Travelodge Little Falls 20 Albany Street, Little Falls


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Open M-F 8-5, Sat 8-4, Closed Sundays

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15 Seymour Lane, Westmoreland, NY

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582 Main St., New York Mills, M-Sat 11-6 315-768-6465 57

Poolville Winter Farmers’ Market

Morrisville Winter Market

2nd and 4th* Saturdays of the Month, 10am-Noon, Nov-Dec February-April *2nd November market will be Tues 11/24, 3pm-6pm *2nd December market will be Tues 12/22 3pm-6pm Poolville Community Center, 7484 Willey Road, Poolville

First Saturday of the month, 9am-1pm November-December, February-April Madison Hall, 100 E Main St, Route 20, Morrisville

Oneida County Public Market

2nd Sat of each month, 9am-1pm, January-April Holiday Markets in Nov/Dec., Union Station, Utica Parry's, 100 Utica Street, Hamilton

Sherburne Winter Farmers' Market

1st Saturday of the month,10am-1pm, November-April Sherburne American Legion 15 S. Main St. Sherburne

Oneonta Farmers Market

Saturdays, 9am-1pm, Nov and Dec 2nd & 4th Saturdays, 9am-1pm, January-May Main Street Plaza, Oneonta

Westmoreland Winter Farmers Market

2nd Saturday of the month, 9am-noon, Nov-Dec 1st Saturday of the month, 9am-noon, January-April Westmoreland Firehall, 100 Station Road, Westmoreland

Parker's Clapsaddle Farm

Fridays, Noon-6pm and Saturdays, 10am-5pm Open Year Round 437 Otsego St., Ilion

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local CD review


A little bit can go a long way. The new self-titled EP by local horror-rock specialists Casanova Frankenstein & the Voodoo Machine is a quick tutorial on their exciting stage show. Sounding like a throwback to a future age, the CD contains four tracks of blues-based neo-billy rock’ n’ roll that will creep up on you like a ghoul in the night. Led by Frankie Casanova Frankenstein, the group has attained a fan following for their live performances that feature ghostly make-up, “undead” hosts, and fire-eating. Their songs take on a macabre, yet fun tone. Backed by Danny Stitches on bass and Robbie Sliverz on drums, the band is different and deserves the attention. They are a welcome breath of freshness on the local music scene. A few months ago I had interviewed Dan in this magazine. The CD set opens with the autobiographical “Casanova Frankenstein.” This is a tender tale of a lab-made boy who is in search of love just for a night. Power chords dominate the very danceable tune and the bass plays around the melody coupled with the enchanted answer vocals, which make this a key starter. Track two, “Gone,” rides along on Danny’s bass and Robbie’s drums. It’s a definite toe-tapping melody that shuffles along the ear drums. The opening lines: “I’ve got a bloodstained shirt and an old black suit and a suitcase chuck full of razor blades. Don’t ask me to stay, I’m on one-way train and I’m not afraid to die,” pull you in, willingly, to take that final trip with Frank. My personal favorite on this disc is “The Hanging Tree,” which is not to be confused with the song from The Hunger Games movie, although it does tap into the same territory. This song is from the viewpoint of someone who actually is looking forward to being hung (!?) He’s even brought along his own rope for the hangman. “Let’s all dangle our toes from your Hanging Tree.” One cannot help but bob one’s head to this unnerving, yet delightful, ditty. The final track is a discordant, disconcerting recitation from Frankie’s diary entitled “Waterworx.” It poses an uneven end to the CD, yet still remains faithful to the essence of the band. This is but a mere sample of the music from this band. I await a full-length release in the near future. An eerie hybrid of rockabilly, punk, early rock ’n’ roll, and theater is found within, along with large slabs of originality. Casanova Frankenstein & the Voodoo Machine EP is a must- own CD, perfect for parties and highway drives. It’s available from Off-Center Records and Utica Vapors, as well as on iTunes, Amazon, and Spotify. Check them out via Facebook at •


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the peregrine falcons of utica

the last chick returns to the canyon and beyond

Ares flying in with prey

part two by matt perry

In the October issue, this year’s Peregrine Falcon chicks hatched and two became accomplished flyers. The last chick, Orion, had unsuccessfully attempted to fly and fell into a parking lot. She was taken to Woodhaven Wildlife Center in Chadwicks, and then moved to Kindred Kingdoms Wildlife Rehabilitation Center in Pennellville, where she was rehabilitated for 10 days. On Saturday morning, June 28th, mother Astrid was acting in a curious manner. She was perched on one of the small ledges on the steeple of Grace Church, peering across the canyon at the nest box. Occasionally she would give a staccato alarm call, but mostly she stood quiet like a stone gargoyle on the façade of a gothic edifice. This was the day that Orion was set to return to the canyon but, of course, there was no way that Astrid could have known that, right? It’s not like anything happened to tip her off. But for whatever reason, there she was, waiting. Orion was brought back as planned and released through the back of the nest box – in the very same manner that her chick, Tres, was one year before. The transfer from the carrier into the nest box went off without a hitch. Orion strolled into the box and immediately seemed to pick up where she left off. She paced around the interior, flapping

her wings and asking to be fed. Only minutes after Orion’s emergence, Astrid took to the air and began swooping at the box and giving loud alarm calls. She was not having this. This was what rejection looked like. In 2014, when we released Tres in precisely this manner, nothing of this kind occurred. His entire family observed him enter the box, fly out across the canyon and land on the County Building. All of the family members, including Astrid, welcomed him back. This time it was not at all like that. The essential difference seemed to be that Orion was a female, and to Astrid it meant that she was a potential threat to her and to her hold on the territory. It’s important to note that during this confrontation, there was no actual physical contact taking place between mother and daughter;

Astrid was only hazing Orion by repeatedly swooping at the box. Inside the box, Orion didn’t know what to do. She would cower when Astrid made a close pass, but then immediately go back to begging mode as if nothing were amiss. The other family members seemed as confused as Orion. For a while the three males all took to the air and swirled around the box like gulls over a fishing trawler. It was an unusual scene. The natural default for the male falcons is to bow to the will of the adult female, who is for all practical purposes their sovereign queen. As for our falcon project, there was no going back and “un-releasing” Orion. This was a sink or swim situation. By law, the birds were not to be interfered with. In other words, the falcons would have to work this out for themselves. After a few hours of intermittent hazing by Astrid, Ares visited the nest box. From the box’s main perch, he looked at his daughter and seemed to have no trouble recognizing her and perceiving her as no threat. Astrid was not having this either; she chastised Ares by diving down and nearly landing on top of him. Following that, first Comet and then Skye landed on the box

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on duty, Orion seemed to regain confidence. She began exercising her wings and prancing about. She even jumped onto the roof of the nest box. Soon one of the most extraordinary events of the season happened; following an amazing mid-air food transfer between Ares and Comet, Comet brought the prey over to the nest box and gave it to Orion. It seemed that all was not lost! Even if Astrid remained intent on rejecting Orion, her brothers and father would continue to look out for her, even if it meant defying their queen. It’s important to note that an adult female Peregrine Falcon is easily the most formidable member of the family. Obviously, her reactions—as harsh as they seemed to us— Skye is examined at Woodhaven Wildlife Center were far tamer than they could’ve been had she really intended to press and greeted their besieged sister. Astrid’s her point. In other words, she was holding assault subsided during the boys’ visit. back and merely tolerating this “mutiny.” While Skye perched on the east veranda, The next day following Orion’s probComet positioned himself right in front of lematic return to the canyon, the amount of his sister on the box’s main perch, and for hazing by Astrid was considerably reduced, the next hour or so he seemed to be adopt- but she was still not accepting her daughing a defensive position. At one point when ter. Ares was now in the highly unusual Astrid resumed swooping at the box, Com- position of working at cross-purposes with et was quick to react. He flew directly after his mate, but now he wasn’t suffering any his mother, driving her off. Astrid mount- consequences for it. The pair seemed to be ed no counter-offensive. She returned to agreeing to disagree. Ares brought food to the State Building and resumed glaring at Orion more than once that day–one time the box. In the meantime, with defenders even in the midst of one of Astrid’s haz-

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Astrid brings a pigeon to the roof of Hotel Utica

ing sessions. Skye and especially Comet continued playing interference for Orion. It was young peregrine solidarity day in the canyon. Orion wasn’t exactly out of the woods yet. It remained to be seen what would happen once she properly fledged, but for the most part our fears were allayed. She was certainly not alone or without friends. As if Comet didn’t do enough to distinguish himself during this time, on day two of his self-assumed role as Orion’s protec-

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prey of any kind, nor for that matter were any of them ever Skye is released on the roof of the Adirondack Bank seen chasing their mother or displacing her from a perch as Comet began doing. Of course, everyone ousted Ares from his perch all the time, but there’s some unwritten rule out there that says no young falcon is ever supposed to disrespect their mother. Before 6 a.m. on Monday, Orion fledged from the nest box. Her flight was strong and sure; she’d clearly benefited from the practice she received in the flight cage at Kindred Kingdoms. During her maiden flight she circumtor he actually caught a pigeon on his own. navigated the canyon and made several After this unprecedented feat, he flew la- good landings. But after only two hours of boriously with his prize over to the State roaming the skies above Downtown Utica, Building. There he somehow managed to she struck a window on the State Office land on a ledge with one foot while still Building and was killed instantly. Her body keeping a grip on his prey with the other was recovered that morning by the DEC. foot. He then used all his might to drag the Identifying her was simple since she’d pigeon up onto the ledge with him. This been fitted with leg bands while in captiviwas the very first time any of us had seen ty. It was hard news for the falcon watchers a fledgling peregrine catch anything, let to take in, but those veteran birders among alone something that large. None of the us realized only too well that window young from last year were seen catching strikes and impacts against structures are

Comet & Skye are reunited

the most common cause of bird fatalities in the world. In fact, in North America, millions of birds die this way annually. Orion was just one of the few casualties that had a name and a known history. A young falcon’s life is one characterized by rapid changes. These changes are physiological, social, and environmental in nature. After all, in just a few weeks they transform from an embryo living inside the tranquil darkness of an egg to being a fullsized animal capable of out-flying any living thing on the planet. In such a short time they go from being a cared-for member of a tight family group to being a self-sufficient, independent entity, migrating over vast

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Comet drops off food to Skye

tracts of unfamiliar terrain. For our falcon family, losing Orion was just another one of those quick changes; a reshuffling of reality, and they quickly adjusted to it. As our official Fledgling Watch came to an end on July 1st (an unofficial watch continued), the two brothers, with their parents’ tacit permission, reigned over the skies of downtown. One evening while patrolling, they found an osprey soaring in the family’s airspace. Skye and Comet intercepted it and calmly escorted the intruder out of the territory. Astrid and Ares didn’t stir, but only observed the action from their high perches on the State Building. The osprey, with a wingspan two times larger than a peregrine, didn’t seem overly bothered by

his ushers, and politely consented to move on. We didn’t think it was possible, but the brothers’ aeronautical antics were becoming even more extreme, and this was especially so on windy days. Strong winds coming through the canyon are not something falcons tend to avoid. In fact, they revel in the chance to use the wind to their advantage. The wings of a falcon are perhaps nature’s ultimate airfoil and, on strong winds, the fluidity of their wing shape allows them to do just about anything, all while expending the minimal amount of energy. At this time the challenge for the remaining falcon watchers was how to keep up with these birds as they began to push beyond the bounds of the canyon. On the evening of July 2nd, Skye takes flight I got a call from someone who was

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working late in the State Office Building. She reported that one of the falcons had come down in the building’s east parking lot and was apparently injured. When we arrived on the scene, we saw that it was Skye and he was standing near the back of the lot with a half dozen well-intended people gathered around him. One of his wings was drooping. It was obvious that he was injured and required attention. Skye was examined at Woodhaven Wildlife Center and later X-rayed at a local veterinary clin-

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ic. Though it was determined that no bones seemed not to know what to do with himwere broken, he had a badly bruised wing self. He began perching in odd places, inand recovery would require an extended cluding inside a light fixture mounted on the period of “cage rest.” This was turning out steeple of Grace Church. Comet’s strange to be quite a year! It was hard to believe yet behavior didn’t last too long though, and another accident had he soon went befallen our falcon back to stirring family. Before we up his parents started our falcon by displacing project in Utica we them from their were told by expeperches and by rienced falcon folks pilfering stored in other parts of the prey from state that emergenAres’ food cy interventions on “pantries.” The the part of Fledgpantries were ling Watch volunlocated on high Skye makes an emergency landing on the teers would be rare ledges–mostly County Building things. However, on the State Ofincluding the prefice Building. vious year’s mishap Interestingly, with Tres, we’ve now needed to intervene the fully feathered prey was often uniformly stored with the heads tucked in toward three times! While Skye was recovering at Kindred the building and tails pointing out. Perhaps Kingdoms, Comet became the sole pere- this made them less likely to be blown out grine fledgling in the canyon. After becom- by the wind. With only one fledgling to ing used to an extremely active exercise provide for now, Ares was having no trouregimen, he was now forced to spend more ble keeping the pantries full. time being sedentary. For a few days he On July 10th, nine days after his acci-

dent, Skye was brought back to the canyon for release. Instead of releasing him through the box, we opted to set him free on the roof of the Adirondack Bank Building. We foresaw no problems. Skye’s flight ability had been tested in the flight cage at Kindred Kingdoms and by all accounts he was good to go. Also, since Skye was a male, we had reason to believe that Astrid would see him as no threat and readily accept him back into the fold. On the roof, Skye eagerly left the transport carrier and wasted little time in taking to the air. His first flight was to Hotel Utica where he made a good landing on that building’s high ledge. Astrid did an initial flyover and then followed up with some swooping, which resembled a tamer version of the hazing she gave Orion. This was not an encouraging thing to see. At that time, Comet was perched on the State Building but made no moves and Ares was not anywhere in view. About an hour later Skye took a few flights around the canyon, presumably reacquainting himself with the lay of the land. Astrid dogged him on some of these flights, but thankfully she didn’t drive him too hard or force him into any reckless landings. Upon Ares’ return, both he and Comet took a turn flying with Skye.


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prey in his talons. He came directly over to Skye and dropped off the meal in precisely the manner a parent would. In fact, he had become like a surrogate parent to Skye. Comet provided a lifeline for Skye, without which it’s doubtful he would have survived this period. This was extraordinary behavior and something I had never seen in over 20 years of observing raptors. Granted, I had never before been able to study a family of raptors quite this closely before either. One day when Ares soared into the canyon with prey, both boys flew in to meet him. Comet took the food in a mid-air transfer and headed for Hotel Utica. Ares also headed out toward the periphery of the canyon. That left Skye alone in the air with Astrid. She intercepted him and proceeded to drive him into making an emergency landing on the side of the County Building. For a little while he awkwardly clung to the virtually sheer face of that structure. Fortunately, he was able to take off again from that position and ended up landing on a more substantial window ledge on the State Building. To the delight of all the falcon watchers and quite probably to all the falcons, Astrid’s attitude toward Skye did eventually turn around and on one occasion she was even seen delivering food to him. By the start of August both Skye and Comet were gone from the canyon. There was little point in them staying since their parents had ceased providing food. By this point in their development the age-old instinct to migrate was taking hold. There was no doubt that Comet was ready for prime time. He had become an efA missing middle tail feather made Astrid very recognizable in flight

This culminated in Comet and Skye sharing a window ledge. It looked pretty much like old times. They did a lot of face-to-face interacting, including some bill touching. From the ground we could see that Skye’s left wing still seemed to be drooping and, when he flew, it appeared a little stiff. He also seemed to tire easily. By all indications he wasn’t ready to take up where he left off. He was able to maintain altitude when he flew and his landings were strong, but he had little endurance. He obviously needed more time for his injured flight muscles to recover. There was, of course, no question of recapturing him. Just as was the case with Orion, once a falcon was released, we were all committed. In the following days, Skye proceeded to take it slow and only made infrequent flights between the buildings in the canyon. Ares was seldom seen bringing food to Skye but, remarkably, that task was taken on by Comet. I recall seeing Skye perched on the roof of the County Building, looking dejected after experiencing a hazing from his mother. Comet flew in from the direction of Hotel Utica with

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Comet & Skye finally resumed sparing

fective hunter weeks before. Despite our early misgivings, he proved that he would make an excellent provider for not just himself but for a future mate and brood of his own. In fact, of all our fledglings from both seasons, Comet seemed to be the one most likely to succeed. There still remained questions about Skye and his ability to become independent. When we last saw him he still was not flying at 100 percent, and Comet was there still trying to encourage him along. Of course, Skye’s own will to persevere cannot be discounted. We did wonder if he would he travel together with Comet or if the two would separate. It’s unlikely that we will ever know what they chose to do. Skye, like Orion, had been banded while in captivity, so it’s conceivable that sometime in the future we may hear news of him. Throughout these two articles I neglected to mention the tremendous amount of effort that was expended by the fledgling watch volunteers. I’ve never known a more committed group of people. Their assistance in this endeavor helped to ensure the safety of these magnificent endangered birds. If I mentioned each individual vol-

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unteer and listed their merits, little space would have remained for the falcons, but at the same time I don’t want to ignore the contributions and sacrifices that so many people made for this project and for these birds. Thank you all so much. Some of us were quick to be annoyed with Astrid’s harsh treatment of Orion and Skye, but at the risk of sounding like a cliché, it’s a tough world out there and this is particularly true for raptors. It may be difficult for us to comprehend, but Astrid’s need to keep her territory secure must remain her top priority. She is the family’s leader and she is also their security chief. From her perspective, any potential threat to the breeding area must be taken seriously and acted upon. Having nestlings or fledglings reintroduced after an extended absence is something that would rarely, if ever, happen in nature and, logically, she would have to look upon such returning offspring with suspicion. I strongly suspect that the falcons’ instinct to protect and defend a breeding site is not something that can be easily turned off and on. It’s important to consider that in both of this season’s reintroduction cases, Astrid did not unleash the full wrath she was capable of and ultimately she deferred to the will of the subservient mem-

bers of the family. There is little doubt that if Orion had not been killed and if she succeeded someday in winning a territory, she would’ve behaved similarly to her mother in comparable circumstances. Finally, with regard to the altruistic behavior witnessed in these young falcons, it’s likely that there is a significant survival advantage to being unselfish toward siblings. As we witnessed in the relationship between Comet and Skye, when the birds helped each other, they were in fact helping themselves. Giving a hand up to your brother helps assure that your brother will be there in the future to give you a hand up when you need it. Also, if a sibling survives, he may be able to help hone your flying skills and make you a much more accomplished flier and hunter, which in turn better prepares you for future competitions with rivals. Providing food for each other and maintaining a close-knit relationship is all useful preparation for becoming solicitous mates and a family’s primary food provider. Many of us have heard accounts of nestling eagles (as well as Barn Owls and some other raptor species) killing their younger, weaker siblings in the nest. They do this usually in years when food is scarce, and removing the competition makes good

survival sense for a stronger nestling. In the case of the falcons we got to see the other side of the coin, a survival tactic that better matches our own human sensibilities. Volunteers are most welcomed to join our Fledgling Watches. Please contact the Utica Peregrine Falcon Project (on the web at for details on how to get involved.) Watching the behavior of the falcon family on our website is great, but nothing compares to actually seeing these birds in action in their own urban canyon. •

Matt Perry is Conservation Director and resident naturalist at Spring Farm CARES in Clinton. He manages a 260 acre nature preserve which is open for tours by appointment. Matt is also regional editor of “The Kingbird”, which is a quarterly publication put out by the New York State Ornithological Association. Matt writes a weekly blog about the nature preserve, which can be found at:

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herkimer county in world war 1 By Susan Perkins, Town of Manheim Historian

World War I began on July 28, 1914, and ended on Nov. 11, 1918. According to the Encyclopedia Britannica: “World War I , also called First World War or Great War, was an international conflict that in 1914-18 embroiled most of the nations of Europe along with Russia, the United States, the Middle East, and other regions. The war pitted the Central Powers– mainly Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Turkey--against the Allies–mainly France, Great Britain, Russia, Italy, Japan and, from 1917, the United States. It ended with the defeat of the Central Powers. The war virtually unprecedented in the slaughter, carnage, and destruction it caused.” According to, 17,096 men from Herkimer County entered the draft. Eighty-five men from Herkimer County were killed during World War I. In going through our files at the

World War I Welcome Home for Company M 107th Infantry society, I found interesting Herkimer April 1919 on the corner of North Main and Albany artifacts that led to research Street in front of the Manion Block. on Bernard Elow, who was born in Brooklyn, NY, in 1895 and died in 1984 in Tucson, AZ. He enlisted in New York City in 1917. He served overseas from July 2, 1917, until March 13, 1919. Bernard served with General Pershing as his bugler. Bernard married Rose, who died in 1996 in Tucson, AZ. According to Rose’s obituary they had a daughter, Renee Jacobs of Tucson, and a son, Kenneth Elow of New Hartford. Caption: Lieutenant Carey J. The Elows moved to Herkimer Walrath (1895-1918) was killed in around 1936 from Brooklyn. BerBullecourt, France. nard managed Derby Sportswear on East German Street in 1937, and then Caption: This invitation was sent to Bernard Elow to attend The American Legion reception to General John J. Pershing who was going to be at the Madison Square Garden on September 11, 1919.

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Bernard Elow in France in 1917 holding his bugle.

Private Carlton Walrath (1897-1918) was killed Bullecourt in France.

founded the Kordeen Manufacturing Company, producing ladies’ and children’s sportswear and outer garments in 1953. They were members of Temple Beth Joseph in Herkimer. The Elows are both buried in the Jewish Cemetery at Oakhill Cemetery in Herkimer. Another interesting story of two

brothers from Herkimer who fought in World War I was Lieut. Carey J. Walrath and his brother, Private Carlton Walrath. Both were in Company M, New York National Guard. On September 29, 1918, they were both in the same shell hole near Bullecourt, France, when a piece of shrapnel killed

the lieutenant. As he fell, his brother caught him and was about to lower him to the ground, when he also was killed by a machine-gun bullet. Company M camped in Weller Park, Mohawk, during July to August 1918, after five months of guard duty at dams, waterworks, and other public property in various parts of the state. The company was “federalized” and went to Van Cortland Park in New York for a short stay, and then to Spartanburg, SC, where it was merged with the old Seventh Regiment N.Y.N.G. into the 107th Regiment, US Infantry. After six months of training, the company moved to Newport News, VA, and embarked for Brest, France, to join the Fourth British Army Corps. After training at Abbeyville and Amiens for a month, it moved into the front line near Ypres and Mont Kemmel, seeing action and sustaining it first casualty. On Sept. 29, 1918, the company was in the attack on the “Hindenburg Line” and





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A message sent to Bernard Elow from King George Vth. dated April 1918 thanking soldiers of the United States for fighting in the “Old World”

suffered its most severe casualties. It was not until Nov. 1, 1918, that the 107th Infantry was taken out of the line for a rest period, which fortunately lasted until Nov. 11, 1918. • List of Company M Soldiers Killed in Battle: First Lieut. Carey J. Walrath, Herkimer First Sgt. John J. Crowley, Mohawk Tony George, Herkimer Fred Davis, Ilion Paul Sage, Norwich Earl Crim, Ilion Clifford Freeman, Rome Harold Wright, Ilion Carlton D. Walrath, Herkimer

Howard Shaffer, Ilion Guy Bateman, Newport Theodore Morey, Newport Robert Patterson, Frankfort John Myers, Herkimer Arthur Sterrett, Norwich Edward Keller, Mohawk James McCormick, Walden Floyd Pudney, Norwich Archibald Christensen, Mohawk Leo Decker, Little Falls List of Company M Soldiers Who Died of Disease: Sgt. James Moynehan, Mohawk Morton J, Evans, Herkimer Sgt. Leroy Folts, Herkimer Harry Andrews, Fly Creek Glenn E. Walter, Little Falls Sue Perkins is the Executive Director of the Herkimer County Historical Society and historian for the town of Manheim.

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My 1951 Chevy named Violet



SHAWANGUNK Shawangunk nature preserve, cold brook by Peggy Spencer Behrendt

Co-Captains Tim (#10) and Francis (Dege) Degennaro after the game that started Harbor High School’s (Ohio) first winning season in seven years In 1974, Tim and Peggy Spencer Behrendt set off on an adventure. They began a new life in the woods of Cold Brook, NY, without modern conveniences like electricity or indoor plumbing. These are excerpts and reflections from Peggy’s journal chronicling their adventures. See issues 1-12 for her diaries from their first year.

We made sure each of our children had a substantial car to drive when they were 16. This is a tradition, it seems, in Tim’s family. He was the only kid in his sophomore class (1952) to have a car. His older brother gave it to him when he left for college. Tim absolutely loved it! The mechanical brakes (similar to the brakes on a bicycle) of this 1937 Lincoln Zephyr only worked well when they were wet; otherwise, he had to gauge his speed for the extra time needed to stop. One weekend, his football team had a scrimmage in a nearby town but had no bus available. Tim volunteered to drive some of the players, and Coach Soltys reluctantly accepted on the condition that he came along to make sure they got there safely. All went smoothly until they crest-

ed a hill and saw a farm wagon stopped near the bottom, preparing to turn. Tim stepped on the brakes as hard as he could, but they rammed into the rear end of the manure wagon and broke the wooden bumper. Fortunately, no one was hurt. A $20 bill from Coach pacified the furious farmer and they went on their way, but Tim was not his favorite player for a while. Coach was paid back for putting up with him though when Tim co-captained their first winning season (1954) in seven long years. It’s the mid 1980s: Our youngest daughter Heidi has returned from France where she studied French literature but plans to live in a city and doesn’t need the nice 1951 Chevy we bought for her. So, we’ve given her the money instead, and now I have my

very own, personal car to drive. We decide to paint it plum, or is it purple? Anyway, we call her “Violet.” We have trouble starting her at first, until we discover that the key turns counter-clockwise, not clockwise. The dimmer switch for lights is a button on the floor for the left foot and the gear shift is on the steering wheel column. Sometimes the gears lock up, so I always try to park so I can exit forward and don’t have to back up. If this isn’t possible, I carry work gloves so I can open 75

en clouds moves in and we bought into a sweet, little retreat cotusurps my hopes for a tage suitable for guests, we got a call from sunny day. I’m grouchy a person with many serious environmenand am glad Tim is go- tal allergies who hoped to find a natural ing to work today, so I place to escape the out-gassing of modern can be cranky without materials and gain some respite. He said making Tim misera- he had to keep his calls short, due to the ble, too. The satisfac- stress caused him by telephone energy tion of creating some- emissions, but he finally seemed satisfied thing often cheers that a stay here in our forest was worth me up, so I decide to trying. Friends drove him here after sunbuild some shelving set (because he was allergic to solar light). brackets out of lum- Tim lit their way with a feeble flashlight ber from old wood along the narrow path between the dark, I pretended I was a pallets. I want to towering trees of our forest to the little celebrity because my car get our stuff better retreat cottage, nestled in a mossy glade got so much attention organized. But it’s under the stars. not going well. We felt pleased to be able to offer this Why do the nails cozy little cabin we’d worked so hard on keep bending? What am to a person in such need, but he barely t h e I doing wrong? It seems like small car- entered it before he turned around with hood, reach in pentry projects are often more difficult a distinctive sniff and declared, as he and disentangle the gear rods. When than big ones. hurried back to his friend’s car, “I smell it rains, there’s a water drip over my foot wood!” We never heard from him again! on the gas pedal but otherwise, it’s heaps The first flakes of snow begin to float Another memorable visitor told us he of fun to take around town! People always in the air and I decide to take a took a bus from Rome to Utica, NY, one notice it when I pass by, so I wear dark walk into the forest, to intiday, and never glasses and wave, pretending I’m a celeb- mately experience this manrity. ifest transformation of sea Dawn arrives with the hopeful opti- sons. mism of great pink cheeks in a rhapsody I wander aimlessly, takof blue sky. I light the morning fire and ing the path of least resiswhen the dry kindling starts to snap and tance around fallen trees, pop, warm myself up by doing the exer- enjoying the silence excises I vowed to do every day when I was cept for the soft plop of 15 and was introduced to President John white snow clusters on dry F. Kennedy’s Council on Fitness in 1963. leaves of golden rust. It is I do 50 sit-ups, 50 leg lifts, 40 push-ups an excursion into another (half from my feet, half from my knees). world, and I love it, but How I hate them! But other than a bit of realize its appeal is not for rug burn on my tail-bone, I feel good that everyone. Our humble Retreat Cottage at least I got that done for today. After we turned an old Outside, a dense canopy of snow-lad- plywood shack on land

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Walking through the genesis of winter in our forest

went back. He had also taken another kind of trip, and never came back. A well- mannered man, David S. spoke quietly and gently, but was always quite disheveled, with long, reddish gold hair that had become one massive dreadlock. Extremely long fingernails adorned his hands and uncut toenails stuck out of his worn-out sneakers. Punks passing him on the city streets occasionally mocked or punched him knowing he wouldn’t or couldn’t retaliate. We met him at an open luncheon hosted by our church at 1304 Genesee St. in Utica once a week. He was offered a Fig Newton one day, and it took him a whole hour to eat it with tiny nibbles. Tim and I were impressed. This was an object lesson in how to really savor food! I tried his eating technique while driving on a long trip back from


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Pennsylvania. Tim was exhausted and sleeping. I was MVILR… Where living is learning Name _____________________________________________________________ getting sleepy too…too sleepy for safety. I pinched and learning is living. myself, slapped my cheeks. It didn’t help. I pulled out Address __________________________________________________________ an apple and started eating it in tiny nibbles like Da_____________________________________________________________________ vid and his Fig Newton. I made it last a good hour. It Primary Phone _________________________________________________ kept me awake better than anything else, and it got us Secondary Phone_______________________________________________ close enough to home to make it safely. One day a mutual friend brought David to Date Shawaof Birth ____________________________________________________ ngunk. When a mosquito landed on him, he wouldn’t E-mail ________________________________________________________________________ College just for the fun of it! kill it. He just brushed it away. “I don’t have anything Vehicle Year _____________________________________________________ against them,” he explained. In another culture, he (Additional contact information) Retirement is everything you Vehicle Make ____________________________________________________ MVILR Office would have been considered a holy man. Campus Center (Suiteis 221) thought it would be. Or it? Traveling, Model ___________________________________________________ Wandering amidst the silent majesty of ourVehicle forest, Phone: 315-792-7192 & 792-7292 visiting the grandchildren, golfing, and Fax: 315-792-7278 I eventually realize that I’m lost. The snow melts too Color______________________________________________________________ Visit in our website: participating club/church activities quickly to follow my footprints home and no sunlight Plate ______________________________________________________________ are nice, but do you miss socializing permeates the snow-laden cloud layer to help me is a 501(C)(3), organized and Emergency Contact ___________________________________________ with your MVILR work something facilitated by group? volunteers, withIs support make sure I don’t walk in circles. Strangely though, services by SUNY Poly. just missing? What if there was a way Emergency Phone ______________________________________________________ I’m not afraid. There’s something enchanting about SUNY Poly is handicapped accessible, but to maintain your health, your there are circumstances thatchallenge may require being in this place with no frame of reference; everywalking some distances. mind, and join a group of interesting thing is new to me, like it is to a child. MVILR admits students of any race, color, and national people? There is! or ethnic origin. I skirt the edge of abandoned beaver ponds, open Mohawk Valley Institute for Learning in Retirement The Mohawk Valley Institute for to the sky, full of sage- and copper- colored cattails Learning in Retirement (MVILR) can and grasses with the dark bones of old trees sprinprovide you with what you are looking kled throughout. I enter deep forest bogs where giant for. MVILR offers a fall term of 8 weeks balsam trees are

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tipped over, roots and all. They expose huge, upended medallions of soil and rocks held in place by a filigree of twisted wood, topped by a crown of ferns among green, bronze, and silver mosses with little red spore cups sprinkled about. A tiny pool of water often lies sedately below. Since I’m in only about a square mile of wilderness encircled by Black Creek and roads, I know that if I don’t get hurt, exhausted, hypothermic, or wander in circles, I’ll eventually find my way home by finding a flowing stream to get my bearings. And if I don’t, my faithful husband will come looking for me. And it is time to look for home now, back to making shelves and brackets. I am energized by my walk in the deep woods and happy to see the warm glow of our little cottage, which looks impressively like “civilization” after where I’ve been. When Tim returns from work I find out why I had trouble with my shelf brackets. The pallet lumber is hardwood. It’s naturally harder to get nails through it unless one drills a hole first!

Helen Schermerhorn holds hands with a chickadee at 103

In 1983, my mom and sister ask me to join them in a basketry class with Flo Hoppe at the Kirkland Art Center in Clinton. In college, it was considered an easy

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credit class for inept or desperate students, so I’m shocked at how challenging and fun it is. Flo is a skilled teacher and I’m jealous of the time she spends helping other students, wanting her assistance all to myself. I become a Basket Case. I start taking classes in willow basketry, too, with visiting teachers from different European countries. Each has unique techniques and a long history of traditional basketry essential to farming and daily life before we had cardboard, plastic, or even paper bags. Making them makes me feel connected to the daily rhythm of my rural ancestors, and there’s a magic in taking a bunch of branches and turning them into useful items of naturally beautiful wood hues. There are interesting old words to learn such as skeining, waling, the upset, slewing, bodkin, rapper, on the plank…. I plant new gardens of basketry willow to support this craft and it becomes another source of pleasure and income for us. My interest in historical basketry leads me to view a huge, 10-bushel basket in an attic in Poland, NY that was once used

locally for harvests. It is in the home of Helen Schermerhorn who, in 1993, is 103 years of age, (1890-1996). She still has an excellent memory with an extremely broad perspective. In fact, her father told her that when he was a boy, he saw Abraham Lincoln campaigning for president from the back of a train stopped in Whitesboro, NY. I was hired to tune her piano and found her so charming that I often re-visit and play music for her on this cherished instrument that made Helen and her sister weep for joy when they first got it as children, almost 100 years ago. Occasionally, she would weep again for no apparent reason. “I’m sorry,” she’d apologize. “I just have to cry, sometimes. There are so many dear ones that I have lost.” The dignified 19th-century home where she spent her entire life is well-appointed but simple and uncluttered. She explains why. “Instead of always giving new things to each for holidays, we’d sometimes repair or refinish a treasured item we already had.” One day, Helen is brought to see us at

Shawangunk. She is delighted to experience our simple woodland cottage, but the kerosene lamps and root cellar are nothing new to her. We show her a replica of an 1890 Sears catalog and she says, “Oh, yes. I remember that.” The highest point of our visit with this delightful centenarian is the total joy we see on her face when a chickadee lands on her hand to take a sunflower seed. This is the first time in 103 years that she has had a chickadee hold hands with her. •

Look for more from Peggy’s memoirs next month. The Shawangunk Nature Preserve is a deep ecology, forever wild, 501©(3), learning and cultural center. Tim and Peggy still live there and can be contacted through their website.

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Lead paint poisoning affects over one million children today. Learning disabilities, hearing loss, speech delays, violent behavior and, in rare cases, seizures and even death: these are just some of the effects lead paint poisoning has on young children. If your home was built before 1978, lead paint on your walls, doors, windows and sills may be dangerous. And it’s not just large paint chips that can cause damage. In fact, three granules of lead dust are enough to poison your child. Let’s make all kids lead-free kids. To learn more about the simple steps you can take to safeguard your family, log on to or call 800-424-LEAD.

For more information contact the Childhood Lead Poisoning Prevention Program at 315-266-6147. 70

Oneida County Health Department under leadership of Oneida County Executive, Anthony J. Picente, Jr.


GAllery Guide

Detail of a painting by John Loy, one of the artists represented at the International Small Works Exhibition at the Kirkland Art Center this month

Ancestral Memory, the work of Fiber Artist Lauren Bristol and Stone Sculptor Tom Huff

Recent Photographs by Pamela Karaz Nov. 21 - Dec. 31, 2015 Opening: Sat., Nov. 21, 11-2

Through December 5, 2015

Adirondack Art & Picture Framing

Broad Street Gallery

8211 State Route 12 Barneveld, NY

A primitive mix of new and old purposeful clutter, handmades including wreaths, dolls, ornies, grubby prims, cabinets, framed prints, bird houses, finds, signs, seasonal wares & one of a kinds! 6170 Valley Mills St., Munnsville (315) 495-2470 Tue - Sat: 10-5, Sun: 11-4

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Fresh or Silk Available!

Christmas Trees and Wreaths will be arriving Nov. 23rd. Baked Goods Now Available Every Fri., Sat. & Sun.!

Your Hometown Florist


2774 Oneida St., Sauquoit (315) 737-8181

6505 Route 5, Vernon, NY 13476 (315) 829-3035 Mon-Wed 9-5, Thur-Fri 9-6, Sat 9-4


“Wildflowers” Kathy VanLoan & Phyllis Lapi November 7 - November 12, 2015 Opening: Saturday, Nov. 7, 5-7pm

Cherry Branch Gallery

25 Main Street, Cherry Valley, NY (607) 264-9530

Photographs Evoking Culture, Memory, and Place the photographs of Sylvia DeSwaan and Wells Horton November 7 - December 20, 2015 Opening Reception: Sat., Nov. 7, 12-3pm

Earlville Opera House

18 East Main Street, Earlville, NY (315) 691-3550

Annual Adorn-a-Door Wreath Festival Saturday, Nov. 28, 10am-4:30pm

Cooperstown Art Association 22 Main Street, Cooperstown, NY (607) 547-9777

50 at 20: Masterpieces of American Indian Art from the Thaw Collection Through December 31, 2015 Highlighting 50 outstanding works of American Indian Art spanning 2,000 years of art in North America.

Fenimore Art Museum

5798 Highway 80, Cooperstown, NY (607) 547-1400

Enjoy a quiet, peaceful getaway in the country... “Unplug” and relax without TV or internet in our fully restored country-style farm house nestled on an old working farm dating back to the 1700s or stay in our beautifully restored hops house. The Farm House features four rooms each with their own bathroom, and a fully equipped kitchen, laundry room, and living room. Climb to the top of the cupola for a hilltop view! The Hop House features two bedrooms, two bathrooms, and 3 queen-size sleeping spaces, laundry room, and fully equipped kitchen. Dream big as you gaze up to the top of the cone-shaped roof!

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A full country breakfast is served Monday-Saturday. Continental breakfast on Sunday.

Showcase of Local Artists’ Works Open Every Saturday and Sunday 1-5pm The work of Mary and John Loy , Rainer Maria Wehner, Sylvia de Swaan, Vartan Poghosian , Kathy Donovan, and more.

4 Elements Studio

Recent Haudenosaunee Painting Through December 5, 2015

Hamilton Center for the Arts 19 Lebanon Street, Hamilton, NY (315) 368-4453

714 Washington St., Utica, NY (Entrance is from Broadway Street) (315) 794-1689

My Wonder Land, Alice Dennis November 3 - 25, 2015 Opening: Wednesday, Nov. 4, 5-7pm

Fusion Art Gallery

8584 Turin Rd, Rome (315) 338-5712

Artist Talk, Lori Nix Wed., November 4, 6pm-8pm Nix is a photographer and printer based in Brooklyn, NY who has been building and photographing dioramas since the early 1990s.

Sam and Adele Golden Gallery 188 Bell Road, New Berlin, NY (607) 431-8765


Mercantile The BIG RED BARN filled with antiques & vintage pieces, collectibles, glassware, furniture, accessories. New items arriving daily. Visit our gift shop!

Over 30 Vendors!

Open 6 days: 10-5:30 , closed Tues. 8124 Route 12, Barneveld (315) 896-2681

International Small Works Exhibition November 5 - December 18, 2015 Reception: Sunday, Nov. 8, 4-6pm

Kirkland Art Center

9 1/2 East Park Row, Clinton, NY (315) 853-8871

The Italian Presepe: Cultural Landscapes of the Soul, Photographs by Margot Balboni Through January 10, 2016 Special Event: The Italian American Nativity, Sunday, Nov. 15, 2pm

Munson Williams Proctor Arts Institute 310 Genesee Street, Utica, NY (315) 797-0000

Surprise the ones you love with a cruise vacation! Cruises from 3 days and longer to fit your schedule & budget!

Call 315-768-1700 Toll Free: 1-866-722-SHIP(7447) 214 Oriskany Blvd., Whitesboro www.The Cruise

Annual Holiday House Shopping & Indie Artisan Sale

Garbage Day: New Work by Lauren Fix, Kathryn King, Jamie Mulac & Samantha Samek

Gala Kick Off: Nov 12, 6-8pm Sale: Nov. 13-15, Noon-6pm Ladies Night: Nov. 19, 6-8pm Sale: Nov. 20-22, Noon-6pm

November 28 - January 10, 2016 Reception: Saturday, Nov. 28, 5-7pm


Rome Art & Community Center

3273 Route 28, Old Forge, NY (315) 369-6411

308 West Bloomfield Street, Rome, NY (315) 336-1040

Personal Perspectives: Five Artists’ Sense of Place

Karen Hampton: The Journey Through December 20, 2015 Artists in Conversation at The Overlook: Wednesday, November 4, 4:15-5:30pm

November 6 - 15, 2015 This show is the Companion Exhibition, in conjunction with the Glimmerglass Film Days

Wellin Museum of Art

Hamilton College 198 College Hill Road, Clinton, NY (315) 859-4396

The Smithy

55 Pioneer Street, Cooperstown, NY

Having an art opening? Let us know. Email:

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Westmoreland Winter Farmers Market Mark your calendar for these Saturdays: 11/14/15, 12/12/15, 1/2/16, 2/6/16, 3/5/16, 4/2/16

Featuring: Utica Bread, Drover Hill Farm, Shaw's Maple; Mel's Creations, Heartsease Hill, Slate Creek Farm, Papa's Ink, Weekend Creations, Jones Family Farm Poplar Hedge Creamery & Farm; The Goat Tree Soapery, Cold Brook Farm-CSA, Alpacas 4 Pleasure Farm, Szarek Farms, Kriemhild Dairy, Fair Haven Farm, Bolivar's Gold & Silversmiths, Takacs & Daughter Produce

Westmoreland Volunteer Firehouse 100 Station Rd, Westmoreland • 9 am to Noon

Like us on Facebook • P.O.P. Kids Club happening at the winter market

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Mohawk valley astronomical society

So, You Want to Buy a Telescope? by carol higgins

Ahhh, November. The leaves are almost gone, daylight is getting shorter, and temperatures are dropping. That can only mean one thing… the Christmas shopping season is here! One item that often appears on shopping lists is a telescope. Want some advice? Do some research and plan before you buy. In 1608, an eyeglass maker in Holland filed the first patent for a telescope. Hans Lippershey put two glass lenses inside a tube to see things in the distance better. He named the instrument “Kijker” (which means “looker”). It was Galileo Galilei who decided to build a telescope to look at the night sky in 1609. Galileo’s efforts triggered a new age of discovery, and the evolution of observing equipment revolutionized our understanding of the universe. Do you wonder what you are seeing when you look up at the night sky? Well, a telescope will help. There are lots of telescopes and they vary significantly in price, quality, and capability. If you’re just starting, the options can be confusing. Here are some things to consider: First is portability and storage. If you buy a large, heavy telescope, don’t forget you have to carry it outside. Where will you set it up? Where will you store it? Next is price. How much do you want to spend? And, lastly, are you willing to learn how to make adjustments to your telescope, or do you want to set it up quickly and start observing? The main parts of an observing system are: the telescope, an eyepiece to look through, and a mount that the telescope rests on. Telescope. The size of the opening in the front determines how much light enters the telescope. The larger the opening (“aperture”),

the more light so you can see fainter objects. There are three basic telescope designs. Refractors are quick to set up, need little maintenance, and are lightweight and portable. Many inexpensive refractors often show weird color fringes around objects. More costly refractors fix the color problem if they use ED or fluorite glass. Reflectors require some maintenance, a process called “collimation” to align internal mirrors. Reflectors are a good value; you can get a large aperture for the least cost. Large Dobsonian-style reflectors are lightweight but somewhat bulky to store and move around. Smaller table-top models are good for graband-go observing. Compound telescope designs result in a shorter length telescope with a larger aperture. They are usually high quality but cost more. Smaller compounds are fairly portable. Eyepiece. Telescopes usually come with at least one eyepiece. You can purchase additional eyepieces later if you want to change the magnification. Mount. Many telescopes come with a tripod mount or a swivel base. Some tripods are lightweight aluminum and easy to setup, but are shaky. A sturdy tripod won’t shake the telescope when you are trying to focus on an object. Some mounts have a “go to” capability; select an object from a list using a hand controller, and the telescope moves to the object. So, what’s next? Do you have a friend with a telescope? Try it out, and ask questions. Look on the Internet or in magazines such as

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Sky & Telescope and Astronomy for telescope information and places to buy. Read, learn, and make your decision based on what is best for you. Just remember the old axiom: “You get what you pay for.” You don’t have to buy the most costly one, but low-cost telescopes often have lower quality optics and a shaky tripod. Choose the best quality telescope you can afford.

Have questions? On Nov. 7 come to the Waterville Public Library at 206 White St. for a program, “How Telescopes Helped Change Our View of the Universe” starting at 6:30 p.m. You’ll learn about telescopes, and MVAS members will be on hand to answer questions. At 7:30 p.m., we’ll go outside to Barton-Brown Observatory for an evening of stargazing through a variety of telescopes. The event is free. Visit for info.

Wishing you clear skies! A S MARTACH OICE S MART

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live & local Well looks like this turkey of a month is under way. Traditionally the night before Thanksgiving is one of the busiest bar nights and best nights for live music. This night always brings me back to the legendary nights at The Devereux with Vinny and The Butchers! Wow! Were those great shows. This year will be great too. The Crazy Fools have a great show at Lukins on Varick St. The Crazy Fools have been playing for many years and have been heavily influenced by legendary American Rock Band. The Band. The Fools have decided to honor that by doing a Thanksgiving eve show that features a full set of music by The Band. I asked Ryan Gaffney why that show and The Band? Ryan said: “Well the Band’s Last Waltz concert was on Thanksgiving so it is now a part of the holiday. PLus the influence of The Band on The Crazy Fools is so strong. The Crazy Fools have made more than a few group trips to Levon Helm Studios, in Woodstock NY, for Levon’s Midnight Ramble concerts. While Helm was still alive. Ryan says, “It was like Levon was personally welcoming you into his home and the shows there were always fantastic”. While down in Woodstock The Crazy Fools would always include a trip to the Big Pink House. This was The Band’s home in the late 60’s and early 70’s. Also the name for not only one of The Band’s but, one of the best records of modern times. Music From Big Pink. Ryan said “the big pink visits were spiritual and we could feel the vibe and presence of the great music made there.” They brought their guitars and played on the site as well. Look for a setlist of songs from The Last Waltz set in addition to many other classics from The Band. The Crazy Fools consist of Johnny Sullivan and Ryan Gaffney on guitars, Jessica Hiltebrandt, drums, Sean Gaffney, bass and Gary Rose on keyboards. Look for The Crazy Fools on Facebook for more info

News n Notes •Simple Props has been a staple in CNY music for many years and has recently welcomed in Bill Carman as bass player. •According to a release online Al Schnier and Vinny Amico have left


Floodwood but the band will continue. •Look for some changes in drummers for both The BOMB and SoundBarrier Len Milano Jr. will be laying down the beat for SoundBarrier. Also congratulations to Mike Peek of that band on his recent wedding. The BOMB is also auditioning and trying out new drummers. •One more note on the BOMB. The local music community and myself send our thoughts and prayers to their guitarist Mtchell Mann, whose wife Theresa was injured in an auto accident.. •92.7FM The Drive notes: The Thanksgiving tradition started by Tom Starr, way way back continues with the annual playing of Arlo Guthrie’s Alice’s Restaurant. Tune in for the time. For up to date local music shows and to submit your own events check out the Live and Local at You can always contact me to be featured here or to send me your shows HAPPY THANKSGIVING AND GO SEE SOME LIVE MUSIC! Listen to Genesee Joe live on 92.7FM, The DRIVE.

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2349 Rte 12-B, Deansboro, NY 315-821-6188 Open Tues-Sat 10-5 91

Consignment The Online Exchange, Dolgeville . . . . . . . . . 61 The Queen’s Closet, Yorkville . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59 Revolve Consignment, Rome . . . . . . . . . . . 67 Treasures Lost & Found, New Hartford . . . . 62 The Village Basement, New Hartford . . . . . . 69 Walk-in Closet, Barneveld . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42 Delis Kountry Kupboard, Madison . . . . . . . . . . . . 57 Olde Kountry Market, Vernon . . . . . . . . . . 83 Diners Adirondack Diner and Lanes, Barneveld . . 50 Charlie’s Place, Clinton . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 Riverside Diner, Marcy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52 Wendy’s Diner, Cassville . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 Dry Cleaners Dapper Dan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67 M & M Cleaners, Utica . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35 Electrical City Electric, Marcy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 Estate Sales Attic Addicts, Yorkville . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59 The Potting Shed Antiques, Whitesboro . . . 61 Events, Entertainment, and Activities Clayville Fire Dept. Craft Fair, Nov. 21 . . . 68 Children’s Museum, Utica . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36 Earlville Opera House . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30 Fenimore Art Museum, Cooperstown . . . . . 32 Hamilton College P.A., Clinton . . . . . . . . . . 64 Herkimer County Craft Fair . . . . . . . . . . . 41 The Stanley, Utica . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35 View, Old Forge . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40 Farm Equipment Clinton Tractor, Clinton . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39 Hobby Hill Farm, Lee Center . . . . . . . . . 19 Springfield Truck & Tractor . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38 White’s Farm Supply, Waterville/Canastota . . 96 Farm Produce

Grassy Cow Dairy, Remsen . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73 Jones Family Farm, Herkimer . . . . . . . . . . . . 94 North Star Orchards, Westmoreland . . . . . . . 21 Oneida County Public Market, Utica . . . . . . 14 Szarek Farm & Greenhouses, Westmoreland . . 8 Stoltzfus Family Dairy, Vernon Center . . . . 71 Sunnybrook Farm, Deansboro . . . . . . . . . 69 Twin Orchards, New Hartford . . . . . . . . . 45 Feed and Farm Needs Pohl’s Feed, Vernon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69 Financial Institutions Adirondack Bank . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 Bank of Utica . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64 Financial Services Turnbull Insurance, New Hartford . . . . . . . . 6 Van Meter & Van Meter, Little Falls . . . . . . . . 18 Fireplaces Hearth Shop, Rome . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40 Fitness & Gyms Curves, Herkimer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69 TeamFit, New Hartford . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66 Flooring D&D Carpets of Rome . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72 Tru-Line Hardwood Flooring, Whitesboro . . 45 Florists Clinton Florist, Clinton . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70 Michael’s Greenhouse, Sauquoit . . . . . . . . . . 83 Village Florals, New Hartford . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 Funeral Services Enea Funeral Service, Herkimer . . . . . . . . . . 72 Nunn & McGrath, Utica . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 Prince-Boyd & Hyatt, Rome . . . . . . . . . . 58 Furniture Adirondack Furniture, Utica . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Ironwood Furniture, Clinton . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 Jeff ’s Amish Furniture, Jordanville . . . . . . . . 20


Complete Collision and Mechanical Repair Since 1987

7509 Route 5 • Clinton, New York 13323 • Phone 315-853-8804 92

John Froass & Son, Sherrill . . . . . . . . . . . 31 Just Lean Back, Richfield Springs . . . . . . . . . 7 Furniture Makers Custom Woodcraft, Munnsville . . . . . . . . . 78 Garden Centers and Greenhouses Casler Flower Farm, West Winfield . . . . . 35 George’s Nursery & Garden, Clinton . . . . . 17 Juliano’s Greenhouses, Schuyler . . . . . . . . 23 Michael’s Greenhouse, Sauquoit . . . . . . . . . 83 Szarek Greenhouses, Clinton . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 Top Notch Garden Center, Newport . . . . . . 61 Gift Shops/Shopping Artisans Corner, Clinton . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44 Between Us Sisters, Munnsville . . . . . . . . . . 83 Bittersweet Farm Mercantile, West Burlington . . 28 Butternut Barn, Richfield Springs . . . . . . . . 59 Casler Flower Farm, West Winfield . . . . . . 35 The Cat’s Meow, Sherburne . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 Clinton Pottery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 84 Cobbler and Company, Sharon Springs . . . . 77 Country Connections, Boonville . . . . . . . . . . 63 Fusion Art Gallery, Rome . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 Hummingbird Kreations, Rome . . . . . . . . . 43 Krizia Martin, Clinton . . . . . . . . . . . 21 Little Falls Antique Center, Little Falls . . . . . 60 Main Street Gift Shop, Newport . . . . . . . . 54 Mystical Dragonfly, Richfield Springs . . . . . 69 Newport Marketplace, Newport . . . . . . . . . 61 Owl & Moon, West Burlington . . . . . . . 43 Outlet Center, Rome . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61 Pathway of Pearls, Schuyler . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 Paca Gardens, Little Falls . . . . . . . . . . . . 47 Remington Country Store, Ilion . . . . . . . . . 22 The Old Blacksmith Shop, Schuyler Lake . . 81 Village of Hamilton . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 White Begonia, Sherrill . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63 Golf and Recreation Twin Ponds Golf & Country Club, NY Mills . . 23

Grocery/Convenience Stores B & F Milk Center, Whitesboro. . . . . . . . . . . 70 The Country Store, Dolgeville . . . . . . . . . . . 55 Deansboro Superette, Deansboro . . . . . . . . 16 Meelan’s Market, Clark Mills . . . . . . . . . . . 34 Mohawk Village Market, Mohawk . . . . . . . 15 Olde Kountry Market, Vernon . . . . . . . . . . 83 Reilly’s Dairy, Inc., Sauquoit . . . . . . . . . . . . 34

Learning in Retirement MVILR at SUNYIT, Utica . . . . . . . . . . . . 79 Lighting Mills Electrical Supply, Rome . . . . . . . . . . . . 73

View, Old Forge . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40 Natural Cleaning Products Essential 8 Handmade Natural Products . . . 42

Lodging Lights of Home B&B, Oriskany Falls . . . . . . 84

Natural Food Stores Brenda’s Natural Foods, Rome . . . . . . . . . . . 54 Cooperstown Naturals, Cooperstown . . . . . 18 Peter’s Cornucopia, New Hartford . . . . . . . . 77 Sunflower Naturals, Barneveld . . . . . . . . . . 69 Tom’s Natural Foods, Clinton . . . . . . . . . . . 65 Westmoreland Winter Market . . . . . . . . . . . 87

Mailing and Shipping Services The UPS Store, Rome . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57

Office Supplies Hummel’s Office Plus, Rome & Herkimer . . 23

Heating Oil Ber-Mor Gas, Rome . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66 Little Falls Fuel, Little Falls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44

Manufactured and Modular Home Builders G & I Homes, Utica/Vernon/Oneonta . . . . . 20 Leisure Village, Taberg . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72

Olive Oils/Balsamic Vinegars Adirondack Olive Oil Co., New Hartford . . . 25

Hobby Shops Locomotion Hobby, Rome . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41

Maple Syrup Ben & Judy’s Sugarhouse, West Edmeston . . . . 13 Shaw’s Maple Products, Clinton . . . . . . . . . 36 Tibbits Maple, New Hartford . . . . . . . . . . 9

Hardware/Farm & Home Lincoln Davies, Sauquoit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27 Pohlig Enterprises, Little Falls . . . . . . . . . . . 81 Pohl’s Feed, Vernon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69 Morgan’s Hardware, Waterville . . . . . . . . . . . 65 Turner Lumber, Barneveld . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 89

Home Goods Chapter Designs, Little Falls . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Insurance Gates-Cole Insurance, New Hartford . . . . . 25 Farm Family Insurance, Boonville . . . . . . . . . 12 M L Croad Insurance, Rome . . . . . . . . . . . . 37 Turnbull Insurance, New Hartford . . . . . . . 6 Iron Work - Architectural & Ornamental Raulli’s Iron Works, Rome . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41 Jewelry Clinton Jewelers, Clinton . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46 Fall Hill Bead & Gem, Little Falls . . . . . . . . . 30 Goldmine Jewelers, New Hartford . . . . . . . 41 Lawn Care and Property Maintenance Wright’s Lawncare & Snow Plowing, Rome . . . 38 Lawn Mowers J.B.’s Small Engine Works, Utica . . . . . . . . 78 SD Outdoor Power, New Hartford . . . . . . . 31 Springfield Truck & Tractor . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38

Liquor Stores and Wine Seneca Liquor, New Hartford . . . . . . . . . . . . 68 Trenton Station Liquor & Wine, Barneveld . . . 87

Painting, Interior/Exterior Production Painting Services of CNY . . . . 69

Massage, Therapeutic Zensations, Rome . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41

Pet Memorialization and Cremation Burdick & Enea Memorials, Clinton . . . . . . . 80

Media 1420 The Fox . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 86 1450 WKAL, Rome . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 92.7 The Drive WXUR, Utica . . . . . . . . . . . . 90 Weekly Adirondack, Old Forge . . . . . . . . . . 22 WCNY, Syracuse . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32 FOX33/WUTR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2

Pet Services Not Just Poodles Pet Salon, Whitesboro . . . . 16 Pet Shops Peterson’s Pets, Rome . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35 Wild Things, New York Mills . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57

Milk Cedar Park Farm Goat’s Milk . . . . . . . . . 45 Monuments & Memorials Burdick & Enea Memorials, Clinton . . . . . . . 80 Yorkville Memorials, Yorkville . . . . . . . . . . . 24 Museums Fenimore Art Museum, Cooperstown . . . . . 32 Goodsell Museum, Old Forge . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Remington Arms Museum, Ilion . . . . . . . . 22

Libbey’s Stitched with Prayer!

Optometrist Towpath Vision Care, Little Falls . . . . . . . 74

Sew Blessed

Also visit our Christian gift shop!

Sewing, mending, alterations, embroidery, custom work, upholstery, and sewing classes. Quality work from first stitch to finish! Weddings, proms, dance, skate, cheer & more! 77 East State Street (Route 5), Sherrill

Regular Hours: Tues-Fri 10-5, Sat 10-3, Sun & Mon by Appt. (315)361-5323

Pharmacies Garro Drugs, Utica . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71 Photography Fusion Art/The Photo Shoppe, Rome . . . . . 13 Physical Therapy Inertia PT, Utica . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73 Pizzerias Bazan Bakery, New Hartford . . . . . . . . . . . . 74 DiCastro’s Brick Oven, Rome . . . . . . . . . . . 55 Primo Pizzeria, Clinton . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50

Whether you prefer a simple private gathering, full traditional funeral, Veteran’s service, cremation, or a non-traditional service, we provide the very best in personal and professional services and have pricing for everyone’s budget.

(315) 866-1500 or (518) 568-7040

527 East Albany St., Herkimer 20 Bridge St., St. Johnsville


Tony’s Pizza, New Hartford . . . . . . . . . . . 53 Pools/Pool Supplies and Spas Swan Pools & Spas, Ilion/Washington Mills . . . 81 Portable Toilets and Bathrooms Mohawk Ltd. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 Primitives 1890 Farmhouse Primitives, Earlville . . . . . 43 Between Us Sisters, Munnsville . . . . . . . . . 83 Bittersweet Farm Mercantile, West Burlington . . 28 Butternut Barn, Richfield Springs . . . . . . . . 59 Main Street Gift Shop, Newport . . . . . . . . . 54 Public Service Oneida County Health Department . . . . . 82 Quilt and Yarn Shops Heartworks Quilts & Fabrics, Fly Creek . . . . 26 Stash Away Quilt Shoppe, Rome . . . . . . . . 28 Tiger Lily Quilt Co, Utica . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76 Real Estate Coldwell-Banker, Diane Lockwood . . . . . 89 Scenic Byway Realty, Richfield Springs . . . 58 Record Stores Off-Center Records, Utica . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 89 Restaurants and Cafés Ann St. Deli, Little Falls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51 Ballister’s Bistro, Rome . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54 Black Cat, Sharon Springs . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 Boyz From Italy, Rome . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54 Cafe Crete, New Hartford . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52 Club Monarch, Yorkville . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56 Copper Moose Ale House, Little Falls . . . . . 51 Delta Lake Inn, Rome . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54 DiCastro’s Brick Oven, Rome . . . . . . . . . . . 55 Dominick’s Deli, Herkimer . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51 Georgio’s, New Hartford . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52 Heidelberg Baking Co., Herkimer . . . . . . . . 51 Karam’s Middle East Bakery, Yorkville . . . . 56 The Kitlas Restaurant, Frankfort . . . . . . . 51 Knuckleheads Brewhouse, Westmoreland . . 56 Main Street Ristorante, Newport . . . . . . . . 54

Mitsuba Hibachi, New Hartford . . . . . . . . 53 Ohio Tavern, Cold Brook . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 Phoenician Restaurant, New Hartford . . . . 53 Piccolo Cafe, Little Falls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51 Raspberries Cafe, Rome . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53 RoSo’s Cafe & Catering, Utica . . . . . . . . . . . . 56 Sammy & Annie Foods, Utica . . . . . . . . . . 56 The Vigneto Restaurant, Rome . . . . . . . . . . 55 Wigwam Tavern, Forestport . . . . .. . . . . . . . 51 Recreational Vehicles CJ Motor Sports, Boonville . . . . . . . . . . . . 74 Hobby Hill Farms, Lee Center. . . . . . . . . . . 19 Schoff Polaris, Rome . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36 Salons/Haircutters The Cutting Crew, Utica . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 Heads R Turning Salon & Spa, Ilion . . . . . . 44 Nikki Fraccola at Schuyler Commons . . . . . 74 Seamstress & Tailors Libbey’s Sew Blessed, Sherrill . . . . . . . . . . . 93 Shoes Karaz Shoes, New Hartford . . . . . . . . . . . . The Village Crossing, Clinton . . . . . . . . . . Small Engine Repair J.B.’s Small Engine Works, Utica . . . . . . . . Springfield Truck & Tractor . . . . . . . . . . .

78 38

Snowmobiles Schoff Polaris, Rome . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36 Soap Cranberry Ridge Goat Milk Soap . . . . . . . 70

Travel Agencies The Cruise Wizards, Whitesboro . . . . . . . . 85 Tree Farms Massoud’s Tree Farm, Sauquoit . . . . . . . . 37 Veterinarians Adirondack Veterinary Service, Rome . . . . . 36 Clinton Pet Vet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57 CNY Veterinary Medical, Westmoreland . . 47 Websites Utica Remember When . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91 Weddings and Banquets Club Monarch, Yorkville . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56 DiCastro’s Too, Rome . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37 Twin Ponds Golf & Country Club, NY Mills . . 23 Wellness and Alternative Health Therapy Heads R Turning Salon & Spa, Ilion . . . . . . 44 Mystical Dragonfly, Richfield Springs . . . . 69 Pathway of Pearls, Schuyler . . . . . . . . . . . 19 Windows RA Dudrak, Holland Patent . . . . . . . . . . . . 44 Wine Bars and Ale Houses Copper Moose Ale House, Little Falls . . . . 51 Wineries Pailshop Vineyards, Fly Creek . . . . . . . . . 17

Specialty Wood Wightman Specialty Woods . . . . . . . . . . . . 67 Tourism Old Forge, Town of Webb . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Towing Services Clinton Collision, Clinton . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19

When plan “A” fails, go to...


“B” Prepared Emergency Preparedness • Camping Hiking • Self Reliance 8585 Turin Rd., Rome (315) 533-6335 WWW.PLANB-BPREPARED.COM Facebook: Plan B Emergency Preparedness


67 77

Trailers Blizzard Manufacturing, Boonville . . . . . . 21

Thank you for shopping our advertisers!

Stop in today and see why it’s so easy to do business with Steet-Ponte! Steet-Ponte Chevrolet

Steet-Ponte Ford Lincoln Mazda

3036 State Route 28 Herkimer, NY 13350 (315) 866-5080

5074 Commercial Drive Yorkville, NY 13495 (315) 736-3381

Steet-Ponte Volkswagen

Steet Toyota Scion

5046 Commercial Drive Yorkville, NY 13495 (315) 736-8291

4991 Commercial Drive Yorkville, NY 13495 (315) 736-8241

Steet-Ponte auto group

Kubota’s Orange Plus Program saves you money on the performance-matched attachments and implements you need. Mix, match and save – that’s the plus side of buying Kubota Orange.



Customer Instant Rebate

with purchase of a new Do great things with Kubota’s BX and B Series compact tractors.


0 Down, 0% Financing for 72 Months Kubota Standard L Series with two or more qualifying implements.*/**



Offer ends 12/31/15.

Offer ends 10/31/15.

Do great things with Kubota’s BX and B Series compact tractors.


White’s Farm Supply, Inc.

0 Down, 0% Financing for 72 Months A.P.R.


Offer ends 12/31/15.


4154 Route 31 (315) 697-2214


8207 Route 26 (315) 376-0300


962 Route 12 (315) 841-4181

*$0 down, 0% A.P.R. financing for up to 72 months on purchases of new Kubota BX and B Series equipment available to qualified purchasers from participating dealers’ in-stock inventory through 12/31/2015. Dealer Participation Required. Example: A 72-month monthly installment repayment term at 0% A.P.R. requires *Customer of $1,000 aredocumentation available on purchases of newDealer Kubota L3301/L3901/L4701 Series with two or more qualifying new Kubota or 72 payments of $13.89 per $1,000 financed. 0% A.P.R. interest isinstant availablerebates to customers if no dealer preparation fee is charged. charge for document preparation fee shall be in accordance withPstate Inclusion of from ineligible equipment maydealers’ result in astock. higher blended 0% A.P.R. and low-from dealer’s pre-rebate selling price on qualifying purchases. Rebate Land ridelaws. implements participating DealerA.P.R. subtracts rebate © Kubota Tractor Corporation, 2015 rate financing may not be available with customernot instant rebate offers. Financing is available through Kubota Credit Corporation, U.S.A.,expires 3401 Del 10/31/2015. Amo Blvd., available after completed sale. Some exceptions apply. Offer **Customer instant rebates of $1,750 are available on purchases Torrance, CA 90503; subject to credit approval. Some exceptions apply. Offer expires 12/31/2015. See us for details on these and other low-rate options or go to of new Kubota L3301/L3901/L4701 Series equipment from participating dealers’ stock. Dealer subtracts rebate from dealer’s pre-rebate selling price on for more information. Optional equipment may be shown.

*$0 down, 0% A.P.R. financing for up to 72 months on purchases of new Kubota BX and B Series equipment available to qualified purchasers from participating dealers’ in-stock inventory through 12/31/2015. Dealer Participation Required. Example: A 72-month monthly installment repayment term at 0% A.P.R. requires 72 payments of $13.89 per $1,000 A.P.R. available tosale. customers if no dealer preparation feeequipment is charged. charge qualifyingfinanced. purchases.0% Rebate not interest available is after completed Some exceptions apply.documentation Offer expires 10/31/2015. Optional may Dealer be shown. for document preparation fee shall be in accordance with state laws. Inclusion of ineligible equipment may result in a higher blended A.P.R. 0% A.P.R. and

© Kubota Tractor Corporation, 2015