modmuze April 2022

Page 1

modmuze APRIL 2022

ModFashion and a Cultural Reset

Growing up a Little at a Time, Then all at once

Frank and Me


12 14 28 42 76

Letting Go Guest writer: Cooper Carr Despite the Darkness, We Bloom How Mod fashion reflects the resilience of the human spirit.

Frank and Me Guest Writer: Katelyn Schedcik Growing up a Little at a Time, Then all at Once How I’m learning to not take my childhood for granted while healing my inner child. The Rise of Clean Girl Core Social responsibility and dewy skin are flooding social media.


6 54 68 80

Dreamland Exploring the breath of fresh air that accompanies this season.

Not Your Mother’s Glamour Shots New wave glamour for a new era of women.

From the Archives Putting a bit of life back into vintage styles.

Ode to Grandma’s Closet Styling pieces your grandma would love.


23 32 39 44 50 64

Colorful Emotion Monochrome looks and expressing emotion through color choice.

That’s So Vintage Talk about a blast from the past.

Feeling Blue? Pantone’s Color of the Year is Prepare to see this modern color everywhere.

Dressing Like no one is Watching How to make the decision to dress in what YOU want.

Fashion of the Revolution Basically, just a history of berets.

CONTENTS The Unknown History of an Icon Denim — the universal fashion piece, but does anyone really know how it came about?

editor’s note I have been avoiding writing this for a week now. This is my last editor’s note for modmuze, and it’s bittersweet. With graduation quickly approaching, I’m sure some of you are feeling the same way as me right now– Excited for the future, but just not quite ready to let go of this chapter of life yet. Although I am a bit teary eyed as I’m writing this, I am truly eager to see the future of modmuze. It is being left in the enthusiastic, capable hands of the incoming Editor-in-Chief, Faith Bollom. She has so many great ideas for the magazine, and I can’t wait to see how she helps modmuze grow and makes it even better than it already is. OK, enough with my emotions because the modmuze team has yet again created a stunning publication with some of the my favorite modmuze articles I’ve ever read. Sometimes we choose a theme for our issues, and we didn’t this time. However, we were all somehow on the same page still. It seems like right now we’re all craving comfort and a reclaim of self. Many of the articles and editorials in this issue focus on vintage pieces and accessories. Of course vintage clothing is popular right now because of the sustainable options, but also I think vintage clothing is a comfort zone for Gen Z. These pieces remind us of different times when we so desperately were wishing we weren’t going through what we have in the past two years. The article “Despite the Darkness, We Bloom” perfectly sums up the idea that history and fashion repeat itself, especially

when major cultural shifts take place. This issue also features a personal essay titled “Growing up a Little at a Time, Then all at Once.” This article is all about healing your inner child, which I think we could all take notes on. Another article with a focus on reclaiming ourselves is “Dressing like no one is Watching,” and this article serves as a great reminder to dress for yourself, not others. My tenth and final issue as Editor-in-Chief of modmuze was one of my favorites to work on, and I hope you enjoy and take in all of the great content our team has to offer. Thank you to the modmuze team for making such a creative and inclusive space at OSU; I hope it continues to thrive for generations to come. I also want to thank our modmuze adviser, Dr. Cosette Joyner-Martinez, for her endless support and encouragement over the years. I can’t wait to follow along with modmuze next year, and I hope you will too. xoxo,



Kendall Minaldi, DHM

Hadley Waldren, ENG Brittney Tran, MKTG


Madelyn Lindsey, MKTG


Rylee Keesee, MKTG/MGMT

TREASURER Lauren Watkins, DHM COPY EDITOR Faith Bollum*, MMJ

CREATIVE ADVISOR Kelly Kerr Multimedia Producer 106 Nancy Randolph Davis 918-691-1813

WRITERS Leah Brainerd, DHM Hadley DeJarnette, SMSC Katy Kemp, SMSC Emily McCaslin, MMJ Haley Simpson, SMSC Bailey Sisk, SMSC Tyler Tassi, SMSC Emily West, SMSC

FACULTY ADVISOR Cosette Joyner Martinez Associate Professor Design, Housing & Merchandising 434A Human Sciences (405) 744-9525

PRODUCTION Millie Bryant, SMSC [web content] Chandler Henderson, DHM Karynsa Teel, DHM MARKETING

Megan Fillo MKTG/MGMT Kylie Nelson, MKTG Olivia Trolinger, SMSC Brooke Twiehaus, MKTG/MGMT

PHOTOGRAPHY Sarah G. Cornett, SMSC Hannah Clare Floyd, SMSC Kylie Nelson, MKTG Nicole Renaud, ART Elizabeth Sanders, ART STYLISTS Sara Cady, DHM Cierra Carney, DHM Alex-Marie Constable, EEE Abby Haraway, DHM Anabelle Lindsey, DHM Gabby Rangel, DHM Lauren Watkins, DHM​ CREATIVE

modmuze is a fashion and lifestyle magazine produced by students, for students. Our magazine provides a unique platform for students to freely express themselves creatively -in any and all ways imaginable. our mantra empowering self-expression

Chandler Henderson, DHM Jessica Meza*, SMSC​


*Incoming member of 2022-2023 Director’s Team.


modmuze editorial team


Morgan Malget, DHM/MMJ



6 modmuze APR



m a l a e n r

“Dreamland” explores the breath of fresh air that accompanies this season– inspired by the dreamlike state that phases us during spring. “Dreamland” presents the opportunity to play with statement pieces and not take it all too seriously. Let this serve as a reminder to play with colors and patterns, unconventional pairings and bold accessories. Find your own inner “Dreamland.” By: Rylee Keesee

APR modmuze 7

8 modmuze APR

Photographer & Stylist: Rylee Keesee Models: Skylar Schnedorf, Lucy Lewis, Kaitkin Ayers

APR modmuze 9

10 modmuze APR

APR modmuze 11



By: Guest Writer, Cooper Carr

12 modmuze APR


Today, I felt like I met the little kid who I used to be. I saw my own tiny fists clenched around something. Whatever was inside was old and dirty, and it was of no use, but my younger self wanted to keep it so bad because it was his. I wanted to look out for little me. I tried to reason with him; I told him I wanted to give him something much better, but he wouldn’t hear it. So, I had to start working on loosening his grip. I am stronger but he was so impassioned, and I knew he would cry. I told him, “I’m you from the future. One day you’ll be grateful I did this,” but he didn’t believe me. I told him that no matter what, he will have to let his treasure go or else it will fall apart in his hand. Eventually I wrestled it away. He cried as I knew he would. Maybe he had a right to tears because I had taken something very special from him. He cried every day for a week, but he started to talk about his loss less, and he started to smile a little more. Today, I reminded him that eventually he will think about our struggle and laugh. The corners of his mouth turned down, and he hid his face from me, but he did not reject the possibility. It makes me happy to see the way he is growing up. It makes me sad to see the pain that the growth requires. I can’t show him what is coming to make his hands busy again. Maybe I haven’t seen it myself. I’m not so much older than him after all. I know he will not be so quick to squeeze it tightly. My own hands are bigger and stronger, but they are still open. So, I hold everything and nothing all at once. I know that one day someone could come up to me and tell me he is me from the future. He could rip anything from my hands, and I would not be able to stop him. It would hurt. So, I’m just going to hold things loosely.

APR modmuze 13

Despite the



Blo m.

By: Haley Simpson

14 modmuze APR

APR modmuze 15

16 modmuze APR

How Mod fashion reflects the resilience of the human spirirt. APR modmuze 17


istory repeats itself. There are human habits and practices that are as old as time. Fortunately enough, fashion follows suit. Silhouettes, patterns, colors and accessories circle back every now and then. Have you ever wondered why this happens, what brings back flare jeans or yellow tinted sunglasses? Societal change. Fashion is not as simple as a cute idea or a fun look. Fashion is a reaction to the world we live in. It imitates social climate, breathes reform and demands attention for what it stands for. When history repeats itself, so does culture. Your grandparents are responsible for the trends you know today. Shocking, right? Baby boomers were in their late teens and early 20s during the birth of Mod fashion. Mod began in the later ‘50s and went through the ‘60s. Taking inspiration from the Beatniks, the so called Mods were a fashion obsessed, music loving and progressive subculture. Marked by miniskirts, chelsea boots, polished silhouettes with cutouts and wide-leg trousers, the Mods flooded coffee shops and disco clubs to feed their socially deprived hearts. Italian fashion largely influenced designers like Mary Quant and John Stevens who became staples in the closets of the Mods. The bright color palettes and floral patterns were a sign of hope for the future. Women had more control over how they dressed and where they went, and it became normal to go

18 modmuze APR

“After two years of very similar conformity, austerity and uncertainty, Gen Z is also breaking free; just like the fashion icons who came before us.”

Photographer: Kylie Nelson Stylist: Cierra Carney Models: Emily West, Caden Riggins, Reagan Hodson

APR modmuze 19

out dancing without the accompaniment of a male counterpart which inspired less modest outfits. The Mods were also led by pop stars like David Bowie and Miles Davis who also dabbled in the same fashion endeavors. Self-expression and uniqueness was the trademark of the Mod subculture. The world was post-World War II and was deciding how it wanted to recover. The past 40 years had been marked by conformity, austerity, poverty and fear. The economy regained strength and the adolescent generation got their first taste of disposable income. Not only that, but a huge cultural shift was taking place alongside the protests for a civil rights movement. Women gained rights and swiftly took to fashion to stake a new claim on their sexuality. For the first time, leisure ruled over work and an entire generation had been set free at the peak of adolescence. Fast forward 60 years, it’s 2021, and your favorite bar just allowed you to come in without a mask on. You spent 2020 online shopping from your quarantined room with the help of TikTok, and the last time you cared about what you wore in public was 2019. You’re now in your early 20s and not just any outfit will do. After two years of very similar conformity, austerity and uncertainty, Gen Z is also breaking free; just like the fashion icons who came before us. The past three years were marked by rioting for racial justice, presidential change, fear of the pandemic and a women’s rights movement. The absence of job opportunities and the appearance of stimulus checks provided adolescence with a new priority order.

20 modmuze APR

Leisure and self care came before work. Just like the Mods, fashion began to reflect feelings toward current events. The emergence of wide-leg jeans was the very start of the new era of fashion that reflects Mod. Gen Z values uniqueness and individuality, leaving skinny jeans in the past. Trends like yellow tinted sunglasses, chelsea boots, minimal makeup, halters, cutouts and flare jeans have circled back. Fresh, bright colors and floral prints symbolize positivity toward the future. Italian inspired cuts and silhouettes are popular again and were seen in Versace and Dolce and Gabbana runway shows during 2021. Brands like Miu Miu embrace the modern Mod fashion, and platforms like TikTok spread the word. Pop stars such as Harry Styles and Taylor swift lead Gen Z with a style similar to Mod. No one will forget Style’s outfit completely inspired by Mod fashion on the cover of his Fine Line album. Pop culture shows have begun to showcase current fashion and makeup trends and party scenes that look straight out of the ‘60s. It all comes down to representation of a generation breaking free. As we look to the past for comfort and inspiration, we should appreciate the ground work the Mods laid for what we enjoy today. They began the rejection of femininity and the normalization of anyone, anywhere partaking in the Mod fashion subculture. It was, and still is, all about fashion as a release from daily existence. If there’s one thing Mod style has proven time and time again, it’s the resilience of the young human spirit. Above all else, no matter the times. Even in darkness, we bloom.

APR modmuze 21



Emotion By: Emily West

22 modmuze APR


APR modmuze 23

Monochrome looks and expressing emotion through color choice. Color has been known to be used to create tangible connections to our emotions, and color has always played a role in fashion expressivity. Monochrome looks in fashion are a great way to bridge the use of color to express personal style and emotion. Whether going out or keeping it casual, monochrome looks are a great tool to feel put together with a few simple steps. However, there is a misconception that this effect only comes from neutral palettes. Incorporating color into monochrome styles can help unleash a new outlet to express yourself. But color expression in fashion doesn’t have to follow the assignment set by society.

24 modmuze APR

Yellow doesn’t have to mean you feel happy. Pink doesn’t have to feel flirty. The power of fashion is being able to use color to express your emotions how you want to. It’s your prerogative. One day, blue could be happy, and the next day, blue could feel tired. No matter what color you feel like dawning that day, there are many ways to create cohesion within your look. Utilizing a wide range of shades and tints can help add dimension to monochrome looks and keep the look from looking too “matchy-matchy,” if that’s not the vibe you’re going for.

Monochrome looks can be fancy, to street wear, to athleisure, it’s all about how you accessorize. Adding a blazer over a matching active set can easily elevate your look to a more put together ensemble, and dressing down a look with some matching tennis shoes can keep your look from looking too formal. Monochrome looks are also a great opportunity for layering, especially during the fall and winter seasons. With the added chill in the air, additional layers of scarves and hats can be added to build up looks and add in those different pops of shades and tints. In addition, adding accessories or components that incorporate analogous color schemes can also help add dimension. This incorporation of ‘neighboring’ colors can also be helpful in expressing dual-emo-

tionality. We are complex individuals who experience a wide variety of emotions throughout the day, and, luckily, monochrome looks allow us to express multiple emotions. Happiness. Anxiety. Confidence. Disgust. Sadness. Anger. Excitement. Insecurity. Depression. Flirtatiousness. Boldness. Using color is a way to turn yourself inside-out. Express inner emotions and utilize fashion as a productive outlet to work through those emotions, like your own form of self-care and therapy. Monochrome fashion is a channel to express sentiments that have vast amounts of untapped potential. Get out there, get creative and express that colorful emotion.

APR modmuze 25

26 modmuze APR

Stylist: Emily West Photographer: Nicole Renaud Models: Emma Tappana,Gabrielle Tiger, Caroline Pitzer, Jai Richardson

APR modmuze 27


28 modmuze APR


st Gue

Wr i t er, Kat el yn Sc h ed cik

It wasn’t until I was slamming my steering wheel and ugly crying to “Self Control” that I realized how much Frank Ocean impacted me. Believe it or not, I thought he was pretty overrated before I listened to him. When I came to Oklahoma State my freshman year, that’s all I heard people talking about when it came to music taste. Frank this, Frank that, blah blah blah. I got hounded for never listening to the beat switch in “Nights.” Friends looked at me funny when I complained that “Pyramids” is almost 10 minutes long. Then I met my ex. Like many girls I know, I wanted to mold into the perfect woman just for him. So, I picked up his slang, made tons of excuses for him and began listening to his playlists. Come to think of it, my ex making me listen to Frank was the only good thing to come out of that relationship. He texted and begged me to give “Nights” a listen one day. I agreed and let out a sigh as I added the song to my queue. I was walking back from class while listening to it. I remember looking down at the breaks in the concrete while analyzing the first few seconds of the tune. “Alright, so it’s a little catchy,” I thought to myself. “Nothin’ crazy, though.” I kept walking and caught myself bopping my head to the soft beat. OK, maybe it’s better than I thought. The song sped up, so did my feet. Soon enough, the beloved beat

switch that everyone worships played through my tangled headphones. I thought the thing about gettng goosebumps while listening to music was a myth. I looked down at my arm to see every last hair sticking up. Maybe there was a cool breeze? Even though it was 95 degrees outside. I was baffled. Time went on, and I slowly added the Blonde album to my library. “Nikes” and “Ivy” made their way into my daily commute. “White Ferrari” accompanied me in the bathtub with a glass of Barefoot. At last, I had a seat on the Frank Ocean bandwagon. I didn’t understand, though, why everyone seemed to have an attachment to his music. Sure, his discography was well put together, and his lyrics were somewhat relatable. I just couldn’t put my finger on why others put him on a pedestal. Then my ex and I parted ways. Cue the ugly crying, steering wheel slapping and “Self Control” blasting. Ah. So this is what everyone was talking about. Suddenly, every word he sang made sense.

I figured out that I wasn’t connected to his music because I couldn’t relate to it. Now, I certainly could.

APR modmuze 29

For the next few weeks, Blonde and Channel Orange comforted me. “Pilot Jones” made me realize how my ex’s addictions affected me, “Lost” shined a light on my internal conversation, and “Godspeed” assured me that time would heal all. Not soon after, I listened to his EPs and his songs that weren’t as popular. I discovered “Novacane” during my not-so-healthy phase of constant partying and abuse of distractions. When I play it, it reminds me of the hot summer days I spent on my grimy porch sweating buckets and smoking Newports. It’s one of those up-beat songs with a sad meaning. That’s kinda how I remember summertime. I gave “Moon River” a listen when I had trouble cutting off those who weren’t benefitting me anymore. Like other college students, I went through my fair share of friend groups. I like to call temporary friendships “placeholders,” because that’s exactly what they are; they hold the duties of a friend until a real friend comes along. “Moon River” sounds like my mother. It taught me that you have to move with the flow or else you’ll get caught in the drift. I blared “Solo” when I wanted to remember how far I’d come. Nobody really talks about how lonely college can be. I didn’t find my people until senior year. Before that, it was endless

30 modmuze APR

nights of ordering a large pepperoni from Papa John’s and chugging cheap wine by myself, but I was there for myself. I learned what I love and how I think. Being alone was the single greatest thing to ever happen to me. “Solo” reminds me that it was beneficial, not wasted time. Every emotion I had, Frank had a song to pair. His voice feels like one of those hugs you don’t want to leave. Cheesy? Yeah. Comforting? Absolutely. To say Frank impacted my college years would be an understatement. He grew with me. Who knew an artist I previously looked down upon would turn out to be something I couldn’t live without? I encourage you to listen to an artist you usually don’t WWgive a second thought to. They might end up being everything you need to hear.




32 modmuze APR




By: Emily West

APR modmuze 33

Talk about a blast from the past. 34 modmuze APR

Thrifting and antique shopping are all the rage right now, and there’s a reason. It’s because certain things never go out of style and it’s time these vintage accessories make their comeback. Vintage accessories are remaking their claim to fame for this spring season and I’m not mad about it. The front runner on this burst back into the limelight is the classic silk scarf. Vintage scarves have been a staple in the feminine wardrobe for years. Designer after designer have come out with different patterns and ways in which to style them. From head scarves to ascots to an accent on purses, scarves can help polish off any look and bring a retro vibe to your outfit, and what is a fabulous head scarf without a glamorous pair of sunglasses to complete the vintage Hollywood glam look.

ent as edgy. Either way you like it, gloves will be a great item to have this spring to elevate your outfit of the day. As mentioned before, jewelry can play a vital role in changing the aesthetic of an outfit, and vintage jewelry has come a long way to be back at the forefront of trending looks. Today, fashion lovers thrive on searching for one of a kind pieces and vintage jewelry allows for that need to be fulfilled. The big trend in vintage jewelry we see most today is pearl stranded chokers and necklaces. Pearls add elegance and embellishment and, when paired with other similar pieces, can provide cohesion.

The last and final vintage accessory that we all can’t seem to get enough is the hair clip. Those clips of many different shapes, sizes and colors have “Certain Sunglasses in a variety of coltaken the “quick things never ors and shapes are a must this and dirty” updo go out of style, spring season. Adding a pair of to the next levglasses is a great way to give el. By elevating and it’s time some elegance and groove the simplest of these vintage to any ensemble, especialhair dos, these accessories ly when paired with a hat, claw clips have headpiece or scarf. Those aronce again capmake their en’t the only accessories we extivated women comeback.” pect to see this spring. Lace fineverywhere beger gloves have also stepped back cause of their ease into society and have become a must and timeless look. have for many of today’s influencers. Overall, vintage accessories are a powLace gloves are a feminine touch that erful tool in your repertoire, and they can be versatile within your wardrobe. deserve their time, again, in the spotWhen paired with a slip dress, they light. The trend forecast is that these can add elegance. When layered un- vintage influences will be highly prevder rings or bracelets, they can pres- alent this spring 2022 fashion season.

APR modmuze 35

36 modmuze APR

Stylist: Emily West Photographer: Emily West Models: Megan Fillo, Caroline Pitzer

APR modmuze 37

Feeling Blue? PANTONE’s Color

of the Year is.

Prepare to see this modern color everywhere.

By: Tyler Tassi

APR modmuze 39

It has officially been announced: Pantone’s Color of Year for 2022 is PANTONE 17-3938 “Very Peri”. This periwinkle color, a cross between a blue/ purple color and gray, with slight red undertones, is a light, modern take on the color blue. In fact, PANTONE created this shade specifically for 2022’s Color of the Year, something that has never been done before in history. In PANTONE’s official description of the color and why they choose it as the color of the year, PANTONE states “ As we emerge from an intense period of isolation, our notions and standards are changing, and our physical and digital lives have merged in new ways. Digital design helps us to stretch the limits of reality, opening the door to a dynamic virtual world where we can explore and create new color possibilities. With trends in gaming, the expanding popularity of the metaverse and rising artistic community in the digital space PANTONE 17-3938 Very Peri illustrates the fusion of modern life and how color trends in the digital world are being manifested in the

40 modmuze APR

physical world and vice versa.” In fact, simply looking at Very Peri, one cannot help but feel like the color is a breath of fresh air. A new, modern take on traditional colors like blue and purple. Very Peri continues the trend of modern colors and shades being seen in pop culture and fashion. Vibrant hues of classic colors like orange, red, yellow, pinks and purples have been seen all over social media, marketing and branding. These colors all differ in shades and tones from the traditional colors of the rainbow. The rise in vibrant color choices for clothing and Y2K fashion have all caused a rise in unconventional shade choices from traditional colors for clothing. Colors like pistachio green, chocolate brown and now periwinkle have all been seen on various runways around the world. In fact, Very Peri has already been seen on Fendi, Saint Laurant and Christian Dior have all had periwinkle clothing in their Spring/Summer 2022 shows.

Photograper: Hannah Floyd Stylist & Model: Abby Harraway

APR modmuze 41

Growing up a Little at a Time, How I’m learning to not take my time for granted while healing my inner child. One of my core memories that tends to revisit my mind the most often was wanting to grow up. Being the little sister to the coolest older sister, I grew up chasing her shoes, and always feeling like my feet were never big enough to fill what she had done at that age. This memory is pressing even now that I am in my 20s and have begun my own life where I am claiming my own identity. However, now that I am finally the age that I always wanted to be when I was growing up, I so desperately wish I could rewind the past 10 years. Presence has always been an important word in my life, how I would fill up the space around me and what I would do with the life I was given. Presence is tricky because with no end date known to me, life continues on whether I enjoy the presence I have created or not. In my mind, existing is only worth it if my presence is worth it— if I am doing enough, knowing enough and just how much space I truly take up in the world. This thought process has dented my wellbeing overtime, causing me to never feel like I’m meeting my younger self’s expectations. The inner turmoil of being in your 20s is exploring your new found freedom while discovering that life isn’t like how you imagined it would be when you were 10. The hard pill to swallow that has taken a few years to convince myself of

42 modmuze APR

is, life won’t be like how I expected it to pan out. There was no way I could’ve expected that a worldwide pandemic would hit my freshman year of college and take two years away from my “perfect college experience” I had dreamt up as a kid. I could’ve never imagined the pitfalls that I would go through and have to recover from. When I was 10, life was all ahead of me and everything was going to be OK. But when I was 10, I could’ve never anticipated the friendships I would make that would help me build the bridges to keep going. I would have never guessed the passion I have found for life and the stability to know that my presence always matters no matter how much space I think I might be taking up. There are not many things for certain in this world. One thing we can always count on is time. Time will move on, one second at a time, and nothing will stop that. However, I am learning it’s about how I fill that time. I don’t need to always be worried about filling up the space around me, pleasing others, enjoying myself at all times or anything that I may think I should be doing. Forcing myself to be in the present, regardless if I’m enjoying that moment or not is easier said than done, but hey, here’s to trying and not being torn up if I fail a few times on the way.

Then all at Once. By: Faith Bollom

APR modmuze 43

DR ES SIN G DR ES SIN DR ES S DR E D “You’re really going to wear that?” “Maybe you should change.” “That’s not what everyone else is wearing.” We’ve all heard it. No matter our gender, age, sexuality, race, etc., everyone has heard this at one time or another. We’ve all gone back into our rooms to change out of fear of being judged, and it’s time to make a change. Merriam-Webster defines clothes as “items designed to be worn to cover the body,” which is technically true, but clothing is so much more than just a cover up. On the contrary, the Utah Education Network describes clothes as a form of “identification, which “establishes who someone is or what they do.” I believe this definition is superior to the first one because yes, clothes do help us cover up, but more importantly,

44 modmuze APR

they are a form of self-expression. I love looking at clothing as an art form. It is a way for people to tap into their creative side and have fun, mix and match different items to put together different outfits and express who they are. Fashion shouldn’t be about showing off how much money you have or what your status is. Instead, it should be about showing your true self and empowering others to show their true selves. After all, clothes give us power when we need it the most. Ultimately, clothing is to be worn to help someone feel confident, comfortable, beautiful and powerful, but are we really feeling these things when

the person we are dressing for is not ourselves?

When you dress for someone else, it is taking away the importance and the real meaning of clothing. This is not to be confused with taking outfit inspiration from other people. I think taking inspiration from the people we see around us is a great concept. Likewise, Pinterest and Instagram are also unique tools for outfit inspiration and for seeing influencers outfits of the day. Taking inspiration

like no one is watching


How to make the decision to dress in what YOU want. APR modmuze 45

from others is a great way to experiment with different clothes and find what makes you feel the best. However, you shouldn’t feel pressure to dress exactly like them if you don’t want to. Just because a famous fashion model is wearing something, doesn’t mean you should feel pressure to fully resemble them. I love to take inspiration from others, but that doesn’t mean I should let them fully dictate what I wear to the point of losing my uniqueness. It can be difficult for people to be comfortable with being unique when all that society screams at us is high expectations. We look on Instagram every day and see what we “should be wearing” based on what other people think is “socially acceptable,” but it’s when we put down the phone and start dressing in things that we actually like that will really make a difference.

is fully up to you. There is no specific right or wrong way to wear clothing. Every person’s body is different, you can’t judge someone for not having the same feelings about certain articles of clothing as you. You are never “asking for something” because of what you are wearing. If someone gets the wrong idea because of something you are wearing, that has nothing to do with you. That is their fault, not yours because it is your body. You are never “asking” for people to be deliberately hurtful to you, especially hurting you for expressing who you really are. Emily Lindin, a writer for Teen Vogue, puts it like this, “If someone thinks the only reason for a girl to dress up is for the enjoyment of guys, that person is basically saying that the primary function for female bodies is to be pleasing to men. That our self-expression only matters if it matters to men. That isn’t true for the girl you’re slut shaming, and it isn’t true for you either.” You can’t love yourself if you’re constantly looking for the approval of others. Wear what you are comfortable and confident in, and then you will attract the people who you are supposed to be friends with, not the people who are going to put you down just for wearing something that they don’t necessarily like.

The real problem is introduced when we start being afraid to try something new because we feel like someone is going to judge us. Another thing that needs to be addressed is the topic of slut shaming. Nothing makes me more upset than people being ridiculed for trying to be themselves. People are afraid to wear what they want because they are anxious of what others will say about them, and then they shame themselves after someone makes a rude comment. Clothing has a subjective meaning— On behalf of all the women and “how much” or “how little” you wear men out there who have ever been

46 modmuze APR

We should never let someone have full control over what we wear, especially if it makes the end result something we don’t feel comfortable in. ridiculed for what they were wearing, I’m sorry. Don’t listen to them. You’re doing great. So what can we do to make a change? We’re going to buy the shirt we wanted to buy. We’re going to grab that dress out of the back of our closet that we’ve been afraid to wear and we’re going to wear it with confidence. We’re going to stop letting other people choose our outfits for us. We’re going to throw out all the criticism that gets thrown at us and we’re going to be unapologetically us. Don’t let men, women or the world dictate what you wear. Do it for you.

APR modmuze 47

Fashion of the Revolution By: Katy Kemp

Basically, just the history of berets.

50 modmuze APR

Picture a revolutionary. Who do you see? What are they wearing? In the history of American liberation and civil rights movements, it was vital for revolutionaries to be able to pick each other out of a crowd or to have a signal indicating solidarity, to know who in a room you could trust despite being strangers. While the militant-esque uniforms of race rights groups like the Black Panthers or Brown Berets might not have been sported by members daily, simple indicators of one’s position in the fight for a liberated country popped up across organizations. The first, and most recognizable, symbol of protest fashion is the infamous Black Panther Party uniform. Established as the official dress code of Black Panthers by founders Huey P. Newton and Bobby Seale, members of the Party were typically spotted wearing all black— black pants, black leather jackets, a dark shirt and even sunglasses to obscure the Panthers’ identities. The most essential aspect of the Black Panther uniform was a black beret, sitting atop all-natural black hair. Though not necessarily enforced by dress code, Black Panthers wore their hair natural as a means of rejecting white beauty standards and to set an

example for young black Americans. The Black Panther Party was revolutionary not only in its socio-political platform, but also because they worked to reverse the psychological components of anti-black racism by preaching pride in one’s non-eurocentric features. The black beret was so heavily associated with the Black Panther Party that it became an unspoken rule not to don the garment if you weren’t standing guard over a crowd of protesters in the streets of Oakland. The impact of Newton and Seale’s berets didn’t go unnoticed by other revolutionary groups. Following the Black Panther Party’s example, street activist Cha Cha Jiménez organized Chicago’s Afro-Latinx community and called themselves the Young Lords. In a move that might’ve been influenced by color coding in West Side Story, Jiménez implemented the use of purple berets when organizing publicly. Berets weren’t the only intersection between the Young Lords and the Black Panthers— both organizations shared similar revolutionary platforms, publicly opposing American capitalism, labor exploitation, housing inequality, and, most importantly, police brutality. The Young Lords only had a few

APR modmuze 51

major demonstrations throughout their short reign, bearing their purple berets during an occupation of a South Bronx hospital intended to publicize the subpar conditions of healthcare facilities in black and Latinx neighborhoods. A smaller, yet effective, symbol in protest fashion was the pin-back protest button, often used to display protest chants, urge others to vote for an act or generally demand change. Protest buttons were especially popular during the Vietnam War, in which anti-war pacifists sported pin-backs with phrases ranging from “get out of Vietnam” to “draft beer not students.” Given the conscription only drafted young men from ages 18 to 26, college students had a particular bone to pick with the war— meaning the average anti-Vietnam War pacifist was a university or high

52 modmuze APR

school student. This era in American history also popularized the use of peace signs, and easily the most basic anti-Vietnam War protest pin featured the simple circled intersection of three lines. Climate change activists, working class strikers, and queers on the frontlines of the Gay Liberation Front utilized protest buttons as a means of communicating both with lawmakers and onlookers, displaying grievances with specific systemic injustices in short phrases to both urge change and rally support. Other notable symbols representing liberation and a revolt against inadequate treatment included that of armbands used to coordinate large-scale street protests. Middle schooler Mary Beth Tinker and her siblings were expelled from a Des Moines public school for wearing black armbands featuring a single white peace sign in an act of protest against the Vietnam War. The early ‘70s saw the rise of punk music and fashion, with an important aspect of punk rebel-

ling against materialism by mending or decorating old clothes with a plethora of safety pins. In more recent times, safety pins have become a symbol of solidarity— worn to communicate that the wearer is an ally to marginalized voices. Revolution cannot exist without organization. When Huey Newton and Bobby Seale slipped on a black leather jacket with a black beret, they weren’t trying to establish themselves as fashion icons. Cha Cha Jiménez didn’t put the Young Lords in a purple beret as a fashion statement. These revolutionaries created an image recognizable to their communities that were demoralized, communities that were painfully aware of their disadvantages but couldn’t count on representatives or congressmen to improve their conditions. With a dress code, these communities could look up to leaders who were genuinely fighting for their liberation

APR modmuze 53


APR modmuze 55

56 modmuze APR

APR modmuze 57

58 modmuze APR

APR modmuze 59

60 modmuze APR

APR modmuze 61

62 modmuze APR

Stylisst: Rylee Keesee, Hadley Waldren, Lauren Watkins, Kindall Minaldi Photograpgher:Rylee Keesee Models:Rylee Keesee, Hadley Waldren, Lauren Watkins, Kindall Minaldi

APR modmuze 63




ICON By: Leah Brainerd

Denim— the universal fashion piece, but does anyone really know how it came about? Jeans are one of the most timeless and iconic garments of this century, but people often don’t know where they came from. Although we may not know the origins, this mysterious piece has shaped our past and present styles as a nation. Yves Saint Laurent is quoted saying, “I wish I had invented blue jeans. They have expression, modesty, sex appeal, simplicity— all I hope for in my clothes.” This statement shows how denim is not simply for one class in society, but how blue jeans have been every man’s clothing since their invention. Denim’s origin is seen primarily as gold rush pants that started with Levi’s, but denim and jeans go back much further.

64 modmuze APR


n the 1600s, coarse, worker cloth was created in Dungri, India and was called Dungaree. Dungaree were overalls before they were called overalls. Then, in Genoa, Italy, sail cloth from ships was fashioned into work pants and became jeans. In Nimes, France, coarse cloth was created and called “Serge de Nimes,” which eventually became the denim that we know today. Later, in the 1800s in America, these pants started to be called blue jeans.

A dye called indigo was what gave the pants their blue color that we know and love today, but indigo dye was a green weed from Africa that took a very delicate process to become blue and had to be shipped to America. When the slave trade started in America, the slaves knew how to use indigo for fabrics, and indigo was said to be worth its weight in gold. This newfound way to make indigo in America made slave owners rich and prolonged slave t r a d e

THE 1600S INDIGO TRADE Eliza Lucas was a botanist that received an indigo plant as a gift and made indigo available to grow in America, creating another cash crop with rice, cotton and tobacco. However, it took 2 pounds of cotton to make a single pair of jeans. Denim was very sturdy and became readily available, so jeans became the clothing of slaves, “negro cloth,” as it was called in the late 1800s.

APR modmuze 65

THE 1800S

A s for the gold rush in the late 1800s, Jacob Davis was a tailor in Reno, Nevada in the 1870s. A woman came to Davis asking for a pair of jeans that would not rip so much at the seams for her husband, so Davis used the rivets he had for saddles and put them on the weak points of jeans. These riveted pants became so popular that Davis could not keep up, so he asked for help from Levi Strauss, his dry goods supplier in San Francisco. The two made a patent to scale up the business and were granted patent rights in 1873. In 1890, the patent ended, and the entire market flooded with riveted jeans by all sorts of names, and it became an American staple.

Today, jeans are almost everywhere. You can dress them up, you can dress them down, you can wear them for almost any job, you can customize them, you can make them different colors and they are iconic in so many ways.

66 modmuze APR

“From the Archives” puts a bit of life back into vintage styles; playing with antique and thrift finds to create colorful, exciting and current looks. Shopping vintage is not only a sustainable and cheap way to look good, but it also provides an opportunity to be completely unique and fully yourself. Fashion is fun, so don’t forget to just be yourself and have some fun with it! By: Annabelle Lindsey

68 modmuze APR

From the Archives

APR modmuze 69

Stylist: Anabelle Lindsey

70 modmuze APR

APR modmuze 71

72 modmuze APR

Photographer: Hannah Floyd

APR modmuze 73

Models: Anabelle Lindsey, Ellie Fly, Emily Potter

74 modmuze APR

APR modmuze 75

By: Haley Simpson

The Rise of Clean Girl Core Social responsibility and dewy skin are flooding social media. Clean girl core has flooded TiKTok and my thoughts. No, I’m not referring to middle-aged women filling glass jars with detergent and scrubbing their kitchen sinks with copious amounts of cleaning products; I mean the girls with flawless ‘no makeup’ makeup, clean polished hair and minimalist gold jewelry. You know what I’m talking about, it’s the girls you envy as you scroll TikTok in bed, it’s the put-together-claw-clipping girls with effortless beauty. Don’t confuse my tone as hateful, I want to be like them. I have nothing but envy for the clean core girlies. If you haven’t been too active on social media since the pandemic began, TikTok has set the life span for trends into hyperdrive. Driven by the pandemic and pure boredom, new ideas emerge rapidly. One of my favorites to emerge is clean girl core. I define clean girl core as the aesthetics of natural beauty, thorough skincare routines, eco-friendly products, healthy habits and classic silhouettes. It’s sort of a big sister to self-care trends. It’s long term and sustainable as opposed to the special occasion nature of self-care. Although there are a few defining characteristics, clean girl core is very malleable. It can be personalized and redefined when new products and ideas are discovered.

76 modmuze APR

To be more specific, the clean girl core has a few prominent players. Scents that imitate fluffy clean laundry such as REPLICA Sunday Morning are the baseline. The next up to bat is the skincare routine. A simple, hydrating and moisturizing system that protects the skin to improve your natural look is essential. The Ordinary is a great brand to start with if you want to dable, it’s cruelty-free, vegan and affordable. The star of the show is dewy, natural makeup that looks like you have hardly anything on. Matte and oil-free skin has been booted. Glossier is the backbone of clean girl core, but Ilia Beauty is another great clean brand. Fluffy brows, natural complexions, freshly glossed lips and even faux freckles are in, anything to imitate natural, freshly showered beauty. As for hair, it’s simple. A slicked bun or brushed tangle-free hair tucked behind your ears will do. Top all of the above off with minimalist gold jewelry and an earth tone athleisure set and you have mastered clean girl core. At first glance, clean girl core is just a trend, but any arbiter of taste knows that trends are a much deeper reflection of society. While we were locked away in our rooms, matte, full-face glam makeup became unfit for daily lounging and zoom meetings. That

APR modmuze 77

Stylist: Lauren Watkins

Photographer: Madelyn Lindsey

Model: Brighto n Roggo w

doesn’t mean beauty went out the window, it rather evolved with the attitude of society. Many had more time to care for themselves and made a hobby out of skincare and laid-back looks. A bit of time for reflection proved that beauty needed a hard reset and a fresh look at where and how we were purchasing our makeup. Social responsibility became very important over the past few years, and many beauty brands with practiced social responsibility also follow a clean and simple aesthetic. That being said, clean girl core embodies a lifestyle. The clean girl aesthetic is a product of values as well. Taking care of your health through a holistic diet, minimalist and tidy spaces and productive habits are a part of the clean girl lifestyle. Your best clean girl has freshly washed, crisp, white linens and a well made bed. Her room is clutter free and entices peace and growth, and there’s a likely chance her diffuser is flowing with ylang-ylang in the corner on a perfectly dusted night stand. Her color pallet is neutral with intentional additions of sage or forest green. She favors green juice and whole fruits and vegetables and can be found browsing the isles of sprouts on a weekly basis. She never procrastinates and has her work done with just enough time to cook something fresh for dinner. This of course only happens once she’s finished a well planned trip to the gym in a matching workout set. I’d describe her as simplified high maintenance; high maintenance only where it counts.

78 modmuze APR

APR modmuze 79

80 modmuze APR

An Ode to



APR modmuze 81

82 modmuze APR

Photographer: Nicole Renaud Stylist: Abby Haraway Model: Natalie Leding

APR modmuze 83


Subscribe at

LOVE, the modmuze editoral staff