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Petting Wars: Dog-Dog Aggression In The Home + Dogs Can Smell Your Emotions!

The lifestyle magazine for modern dogs and their companions

Are You Causing Your Dog’s Barking? What to do if you’re the problem

IC F I R TER S & TOY TS! A TRE

Recipes for Summer Fun

p44

Easy Homemade Treats

Finding friends & even romance at dog meetups moderndogmagazine.com

$5.95

BEST SUMMER EVER! p12

FIND YOUR TRIBE DISPLAY UNTIL SEPT ‘18

S U MM ER 2018

PROBIOTICS FOR DOGS ACTIVITIES TO TIRE OUT EVEN HIGH-ENERGY BREEDS GREAT GIVEAWAYS! p30

Staff-Favourite Gear

find your breed match: Is the Shar-Pei, Cane Corso or German Shorthaired Pointer for you?


VOL 17

NO 2

abel submitted by julie bailey

SUMMER 2018

70 FEATURES 28

Why Your Dog Eats Poop, According to the Latest Scientific Research Finally, science sheds some light on a mystery that has long stymied—and disgusted—dog lovers.

32

Are You The Cause Of Your Dog’s Barking Problem? What to do if you suspect you are at the root of your pup’s alarm barking. BY TEOTI ANDERSON

34

The Scent of Emotions Dogs can smell your emotional state—and it alters their mood. BY STANLEY COREN

42

Don’t Call Your Dog Why you should never call a stray or loose dog

46

Dog Meets Baby Four steps to successfully introducing a baby into your formerly dog-only home.

80

A Tired Dog is a Good Dog Solve behavioural issues and get your pup into that perfectly sleepy, happy, non-trouble-making zone with these ideas to tire out even the most high-energy breeds!

86

Find Your Tribe Finding new friends—and even romance!—at dog meetups. BY TRACEY TONG

90

Petting Wars Dog-dog aggression in the home and what to do about it. BY NICOLE WILDE

92

Can You Dig It? Earthdog enthusiasts and their driven dogs put ancient instinct to the test. BY PATRICIA KOMAR

BY ELEANOR MUNK

112 BODY & SOUL 56

Summer Bummers: Hidden Dog Dangers

58

5 Signs Your Dog Has An ACL Injury A veterinary explains how to spot this common problem and why rest and medicine won’t fix it.

60

What’s the Difference Between Raw, Dehydrated, Freeze Dried, and Air Dried Dog Food, Anyways?

62

Third-grader Invents Revolutionary Dog Dryer; Modern Dog Poll; Get Social With Your Dog!

64

New Pet Test Determines The Cause of Your Dog’s Allergies; Hear For Good; Give Your Dog a Natural Immunity Boost

66

Explain That Buzzword: The Lowdown On Probiotics and How They Can Improve Your Dog’s Health

BY KAT ALBRECHT

BY JENNIFER MESSER

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SUMMER 2018

READ YOUR BREED 26

Find Your Breed Match Is the Shar-Pei or the German Shorthaired Pointer the dog for you? Find out on page 26!

100

The Cane Corso So much more than meets the eye.


56 THE GOODS 30

Pup-tacular Summer Finds Perfectly summery fun finds for dogs and their people.

50

Dog Trip! Essential gear for your dog-inclusive summer road trip.

84

Terrific Toys! Toys to help you make the most of the summer season—Modern Dog office pack tested and approved!

102

Let Them Eat Treats! The favourite treats of our office dogs.

DOG LIFE 24 38

We’re Giving It Away! We’ve got three whole months of awesome giveaways, from pet cams to dog food prize packs, and winners every week! See what’s up for grabs on page 24. Stars, They’re Just Like Us! Candid snaps of celebs out and about with their pups.

REGULAR FEATURES 6 Editor’s Letter 8 Contributors 10 Stuff We Love 14 The Scoop 22 Smile! Photo Contest 117 Marketplace

ON THE COVER Minnie, a gorgeous Airedale Terrier from Napa, CA. Nicknamed the “king of the terriers,” the Airedale is friendly, clever, and courageous. Photographed by Amanda Jones.

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74 44

DIY Eat: Bison Brittle Especially great for dogs with food allergies, this delicious, novel-protein dog treat recipe got fourpaws-up from our taste testers! BY SUZI BEBER

52

Wildly Sustainable Concerned with conservation, a biotechnologist creates sustainably sourced Omega-3 powerhouse supplements you can feel great about giving your dog. BY J. LESLIE JOHNSON

How to be Flea and Tick-Free This Summer

68

BY NICOLE KALLISH

70

Hero Dogs Meet seven amazing canine heroes demonstrating remarkable bravery and unwavering loyalty

74

Hello Summer! Take this quiz to see what type of summer adventures best suit you and your dog then turn the page for products matched to your pup’s personality type!

96

DIY Eat: Cool Treats For Hot Dogs Recipes for the perfect training treats for the dog days of summer.

105

Connie’s Book Club Grab your dog and a beach blanket—we have Editor-in-Chief Connie Wilson’s round-up of this summer’s must-read dog books!

112

Last Lick Summer fun inspo courtesy of dogs!

In USA: MODERN DOG (ISSN 1703-812X) Volume 17, Issue 2. Published quarterly by Modern Dog Inc. at 142 Churchill Drive, Newington, CT 06111-4003. Periodicals postage paid at Hartford, CT and additional offices. POSTMASTER: send address changes to Modern Dog, PO Box 310402, Newington, CT 06131-0402.


EDITOR'S LETTER

CONNIE WILSON WITH PENNY, PHOTO KHAREN HILL

I L L U S T R A T I O N LBOYL JAA B CO K IOETCHLRAORYKD MSAUNBCMUI S T TOE D B Y A L E X

OUR R E ADE R S WR IT E

The Best Way to Greet Your Dog (Do it right, and you’ll improve your bond.) >> moderndogmagazine.com/ BestWayToGreetYourDog

PHOTO @PRINCEREEFER

J

oin me in having the best summer ever! After a slow start in many parts of the country, summer has finally materialized from the months of gray skies and wet spring days, and we’re ready for it! My intrepid sidekick Penny, a rescued Wirehaired Dachshund, is certainly eager to kick off this beloved season. Whether sunbathing on the beach (and periodically cooling her belly in the ocean), walking the shady trails of Pacific Spirit park here in Vancouver, BC, or begging for a morsel of our late-evening backyard dinner, she loves it all, as do I! So let’s celebrate summer! To make the most of this canine-favourite season, we’ve packed this issue with terrific toys to take you from the backyard to the beach, Modern Dog office-pack-tested treats to fuel your trail hikes, and piece-of-cake recipes like Bison Jerky (page 44) that your dog will drool over. As usual, we set out to solve behaviour problems (Could you be the cause of your dog’s problem barking? Find out on page 32.), explore some of the science behind our dogs (turns out they can smell our emotions!), and even show how people are making new friends—and even finding romance—at dog meetups! On a more serious note, we share actionable tips for those experiencing dog-dog aggression in the home, and provide tips from a dog behaviourist for prepping your dog for a baby’s arrival. We also take a look at a unique canine sport (If you have terriers, turn to page 92!), round up must-read books to pack on summer vacation, and share essential gear for the canine-inclusive road trip. And of course, we have months of awesome giveaways and a whole ton of adorable photos to lift your spirits and inspire you to get out there and have a ball. So jump right in. They don't call them the "dog days" for nothing! Wishing you and your dogs the best the season has to offer.

“So you’re telling me that me dropping my bags at the door and rolling around on the floor with my dog for at least 10 mins is working? Good :)” —Krista McQuaid

Cuteness Overload >> moderndogmagazine.com/ UnbelievablyCutePuppies

“Thank you for making my day with these adorable images. What a fantastic collection!”—Sam Ivy

Should Be

6 Things You

The lifestyle

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FALL 2015

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SIGNS YOUR DOG LOVES YOU p56 15

LE AB OP OR AD OTO S! PH EA ID 0

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Are Youg Makin These g Trainin ? Mistakes

Much Love,

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DISPLAY UNTIL

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YOUR Y FIX HAPP GALORE! CUTE DOGS ! p22 FREE STUFF! IX ON ELAINE HENDR ACTRESS DOGS RULE WHY RESCUE

Help Depressed? Stressed? Is Your Dog

Connie Wilson, Publisher & Editor-in-Chief

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Perfect Find Your Breed Match

is in here is on p28

plus Is Your

p94

ble! I'm Adopta lating You? Dog Manipu

Find out on

p24

“I love Modern Dog magazine! There are many helpful articles as well as news on new products related to our beloved pets.”—Gail McKuhen


C ON TRIBUT OR S SUMMER 2018

VOL 17

NO 2

Publisher

Kat Albrecht is a former police detective and current Director of the Missing Animal Response Network living in Ladysmith, BC. Since 1996, she has trained many search dogs to find lost pets and is widely regarded as the leading authority on lost pet recovery training. She is also the author of two books, Pet Tracker and Dog Detectives: Train Your Dog to Find Lost Pets. To learn how to train your dog to find lost pets visit missinganimalresponse. com. Find out why you shouldn't call a lost dog on page 42!

Modern Dog Inc. Editor-in-Chief

Connie Wilson Editor & Creative Director

Jennifer Nosek Design & Production

Clara To Circulation & Audience Development Coordinator

Jennifer Yau Sales & Marketing

Mariah Stanley, Katherine Hall Manager, Accounting Services & Subscription Services

Celine Benipayo Copywriter & Administrative Assistant

Laura Dennis Copywriter & Subscription Coordinator

Eleanor Munk Sales & Marketing Assistant

Alice Sewell Controller

Cecilia de Roca Chan, CPA, CGA Honourary Editor-at-Large

After losing her six-year-old Golden Retriever, Blues, to cancer in the spring of 2001, Suzi Beber founded The Smiling Blue Skies Cancer Fund, part of OVC Pet Trust, at the University of Guelph. To date, over $1.8 million has been raised. Suzi’s other passion is creating special-needs diets for companion animals. Her passion for research guides her in the development of fun recipes with healthy benefits. Turn to page 44 for her easy-to-make health-enhancing recipe your dog will love!

Jytte Wilson GET YOURSELF A SUBSCRIPTION! Give us a call at 1-800-417-6289 or subscribe online at moderndogmagazine.com/subscribe Advertising inquiries call (866) 734-3131 In Canada: MODERN DOG (ISSN 1703-812X) Volume 17, Issue 2. Published quarterly by Modern Dog Inc. at Suite 202–343 Railway St, Vancouver, BC Canada V6A 1A4 POSTMASTER: send address changes to Modern Dog, Suite 202–343 Railway St, Vancouver, BC Canada V6A 1A4 In USA: MODERN DOG (ISSN 1703-812X) Volume 17, Issue 2. Published quarterly by Modern Dog Inc. at 142 Churchill Drive, Newington, CT 06111-4003. Periodicals postage paid at Hartford, CT and additional offices. POSTMASTER: send address changes to Modern Dog, PO Box 310402, Newington, CT 06131-0402. PHONE

(604) 734-3131 OR TOLL FREE (866) 734-3131 (604) 734-3031 OR TOLL FREE (866) 734-3031

FAX

Originally from Auckland, New Zealand, Dr. Michael King now resides in Vancouver, BC, and is part of the team at Canada West Veterinary Specialists. His accomplishments include performing Western Canada’s first canine open heart surgery. Dr. King enjoys all aspects of surgery but has a particular interest in arthroscopy and joint replacements. In this issue, he delves into ACL issues in dogs (actually correctly called CCL in canines!), explaining classic signs of ACL injury and why rest won’t cure your dog. Turn to page 58 to read all about it!

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The publisher is not responsible for unsolicited manuscripts, images, photographs or other materials. By accepting and publishing advertising the publisher in no way recommends, guarantees or endorses the quality of services or products within those advertisements. Copyright 2018 by Modern Dog Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced by any means, electronic or mechanical, including the Internet or photocopying without the written permission of the Publisher. Modern Dog and its logotype are the trademarks of Modern Dog Inc. Modern Dog is published four times a year. One-year subscription prices: Canada $16CAD, U.S.A. $16USD, foreign $45USD. Subscription orders and customer service inquiries should be sent to Modern Dog Subscription Services, Suite 202–343 Railway St, Vancouver, BC Canada V6A 1A4

PRINTED IN CANADA

www.moderndogmagazine.com Publications Mail Agreement Number 40743013 We acknowledge the financial support of the Government of Canada. Nous reconnaissons l'appui financier du gouvernement du Canada.


@

!

STUFF WE LOVE Modern Dog staffers’ picks of the litter

#

1 One of the perks of working at a dog magazine is hearing reader feedback on which products they love. So when my family’s rescued Poodle, Hatchie, showed signs of anxiety, there was no question that Thundershirt was the first thing on my mind! Countless testimonials show the Thundershirt, designed to naturally reduce stress by hugging your dog, really works.—Celine (Starting at $40, thundershirt.com) 2 I’m all decked out in my new summer look with a beautiful, handcrafted DWAM (Dog With a Mission) leash and collar. Colourful and upbeat, they’re totally in line with our boho hippy style and the matching suede treat bag my mom has slung on her belt keeps my treats stylishly on hand. Love them!—Penny the Miniature Dachshund (DogWithAMission.nl/us)

BL

$

3 NMN Designs’ Indus Diner is a modern, one-of-a-kind raised bowl stand made of hardwood and completed with a brushed-finish stainless steel top. Available in small or large size and two striking finishes—natural or walnut, no matter your home aesthetic, this diner will fit right in!—Clara (from $145, nmndesigns.com) 4 Along with the many joys of having dogs come many messes of all shapes, sizes, and sources. Goodwinol’s odour and stain remover, Out Dam Spot, is engineered to remove all pet-caused spots, stains, and odours and will keep your carpets, clothing, and upholstery smelling and looking fresh—no matter the cause of the mess!—Jennifer ($9, Goodwinol.com) 5 Can’t get enough of seeing your dog? You can now interact with your pup with this adorable and affordable PetCam by Pet-Peeps. Using your smart device and the free app, you can see, talk to, and hear your dog, and much more, from anywhere in the world!—Katherine ($99, pet-peeps.com) 6 I’m delighted I can now harness the power of probiotics when grooming my dog Penny! Skout’s Honor has a line of probiotic-powered grooming products available in lovely honeysuckle, lavender or unscented fragrances that defend against environmental damage, positively affect the skin’s biome, and leave Penny’s coat cleansed, shiny, and silky!—Connie ($13, SkoutsHonor.com)

(

%

7 Thanks to Furbliss, dog hair hasn’t taken over my home! This amazing multifunction brush for pets gets rid of dog hair, dander, and sebum while brushing, massaging, relaxing, and deshedding your dog. Plus, the backside of the brush removes hair off of your clothing (or furniture), so once you’re done brushing him, simply give your legs a swipe! Now that’s what I call bliss-ful!—Mariah ($17, furbliss.com) 8 Looking for an easy way to pamper your pooch? Wüfers Cookie Club delivers the most ridiculously cute dog cookies right to your door, every month for a year! With boxes for every season and holiday (even a free birthday box with each subscription!), your pup will feel loved all year long.—Jen Yau (From $28 month, wufers.com) 9 This unassuming device is the undercover superhero of pet hair removal! With nothing to plug in, wear out or replace, the portable Fur-Zoff collects pet hair from furniture, clothes, car interiors, carpets and bedding. Fur-Zoff to the rescue!—Laura ($13, Furzoff.net) 10 For my health and that of the environment, I try to follow a plant-based diet at least one day a week—and now my pup can join me! On Meat-Free Monday, I treat him with delicious vegan Wiggle Biscuits from V-dog! Packed with organic, plantbased goodness, these treats are available in Blueberry and Peanut Butter flavours. Yum!—Alice ($12, v-dog.com)

* & 10 moderndog

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^


Digi

Emmie

DOGS MEET SPRINKLERS

Let these dogs be your hilarious guides to recapturing child-like summer joy!

Madison

Belle Luna Hula Xxxx

Pandora & Bear 12 moderndog

Ellie SU MMER 2018

Xxxxx


THE SCOOP

NETFLIX & WOOF:

PETS BEAT PEOPLE AS PREFERRED NETFLIX BINGING COMPANIONS New study reveals pets to be best binge paw-tner

O

ur love for our pets has reached epic heights—special pet taxi services in Mumbai, paid leave in Italy when you dog is sick, emotional support miniature horses in Canada—so it should come as no surprise that our four-legged and even twolegged furry friends have infiltrated our entertainment habits as well. According to a new survey released by Netflix, when it comes to watching TV, four out of five members have watched Netflix with their pet, and the majority (61%) find pets to be the best binge partner, beating out parents, romantic partners, friends, and kids.

Let’s face it—you and your S.O. might disagree on what to watch and your bestie might dare to stream an episode without you. Pets, on the other hand, are not only awesome cuddlers, they don’t hog the remote, they’ll never share spoilers, and they’re always down for one more episode! They make the perfect partners for the company, the cuddles (one in three have turned

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to their furry friends for comfort during a sad or scary scene) and even the conversation (22% have talked to their pet about the show or movie they were watching). Though you should be warned that pet bingeing can also be ruff. Almost half of respondents (44%) have moved where they were sitting so their pet would be more comfortable, 16% have bribed them with treats to watch longer, and some (11%) have even gone so far as turning off a show because their pet didn't appear to like it. The snuggle is real. Bird people appear to take watching Netflix with their pet to the next level. More than a quarter of bird owners have picked a show because they thought their pet would like it, as opposed to 17% of dog owners and 16% of cat owners. But it doesn’t stop there—35% of bird owners have a separate profile for watching Netflix with their pet, while only 18% of dog owners and 16% of cat owners can say the same. Now that’s dedication.


THE SCOOP

THE DOG POOL PROJECT

I

t was an unprecedented challenge for Toronto’s BonaVista Pools, but one the family-owned company relished: build a water retreat for dogs.

The Doggie Tales Dog Rescue and Sanctuary in King City, Ontario, commissioned the project, dubbed “Project Doggie Tales.” The non-traditional client? Rescued dogs. The goal was to create a water feature that was both welcoming to dogs and in keeping with the natural feel of the surrounding landscape. Working closely with the property owner, the landscape designer, and the landscaper, BonaVista Pools focused on the water feature’s positioning on the property and activity level options it presented for the dogs, as well as cohesion with the natural environment.

To achieve the latter, the pool surface was constructed of coloured concrete and finished with beach pebbles in brown and beige to match the surroundings. The beach pebbles and rocks were even placed by hand while the concrete was being installed to provide a streambed look. And unlike traditional pools, the water is treated using an oxymatic system, which creates the Hydroxyl ion to disinfect the pool water, allowing the dogs to splash in chlorine-free, sanitized water. Completed in just three short weeks, the project won BonaVista Pools a Landscape Ontario Award of Excellence in the Landscape Construction category for top water feature. But the real reward, says company president Melissa Brown, “is watching the rescued dogs play, socialize, cool off, and simply enjoy this project.”

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PHOTO COURTESY OF EFFIE EDITS, BONAVISTA POOLS

A pool company gets a commission from an unusual client—rescue dogs


THE SCOOP

CBD

TO THE RESCUE

Learn about the different ways to administer this powerful plant Products containing Cannabidiol (CBD) are being reported to help dogs with problems ranging from anxiety to canine cancer. Here’s how to give it a try. As natural, hemp-derived products containing CBD become more commonplace, you may be wondering: what the heck is CBD and how do I try it out? We’re here to help. In short, CBD is a non-psychoactive compound found in hemp plants (no, it will not get your dog high) that is increasingly being reported to help with a host of canine illnesses, from anxiety to seizures to cancer. It can be administered via tinctures, treats or oils—here are a few to consider. (Remember, always consult your vet.)

TINCTURES Iceland Pure, known for their high-quality fish oils, rich in fatty acids such as omega-6 and omega-3, now also offers CBD Tinctures— organic, Colorado-grown hemp blended with their pure sardineanchovy oil. Administer by adding drops to your dog’s daily meals. (From $105/50 ml,IcelandPure.com)

OILS Diamond CBD offers a line of CBD products made especially for your pets. Their MediPets oil and Pet Food are organic and 100% natural, available in enticing bacon flavours for small, medium, and large dogs. Diamond CBD advises adding eight to ten drops to your dog’s food, treats, or water bowl one to two times a day depending on your dog’s condition. (From $20/25mg, diamondcbd.com) Tuscan Natural Simply Pure CBD oils are organic and made with olive oil to help your dog’s coat keep its healthy shine. Made without pesticides or solvents, it can be added to your dog’s daily dinners

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to relieve pain and nausea, and stimulate the appetite. (From $53/150mg,shoptuscannatural.com) Gotantler Natural’s new line of Pet Support Health Oil for pets is allnatural and has anti-inflammatory effects, helping with multiple issues including pain and anxiety. Gotantler Natural's suggests starting with three to four drops a day as every dog requires different dosages. If necessary, you can then increase the daily amount until your dog is at a comfortable dosage. ($75/60ml,gotantlernaturals.com)

TREATS Green Coast Pet makes hemp-powered soft chews as well as tasty HempButters that dogs love. Designed to help maintain hip and joint mobility as well as a healthy inflammatory response, their hemp chews, such as chicken and whitefish, are easy to chow down on, enabling a higher absorption of active ingredients such as hemp seed oil and extract. ($30,greencoastpet.com) True Leaf’s pet products do not contain CBD, but instead use hemp seed oil in their supplement sticks, oils and chews. They include calming herbs such as extracts of chamomile and lemon balm and other active ingredients including salmon, relaxing L-Theanine, and cold-pressed hemp seed oil. Your dog will love these functional treats made with tasty ingredients like chickpeas, sweet potatoes, and coconut oil. (From $11/200g, trueleafpet.ca)

MEMBERSHIP Medical Cannabis Dispensary has a Pet Division which offers membership for your pups, allowing them to have access to CBD oils, creams, and capsules. (CannabisDispensary.ca) *Remember, it is always recommended to consult your veterinarian prior to administering CBD to your dog.


THE SCOOP CAPTION THIS!

C A R T O O N S © 2018 B Y D A V I D J A C O B S O N

Exercise your funny bone. Create a caption for this cartoon and submit your entry at moderndogmagazine.com/cartooncaption. The most comic captions will be published in the next issue.

AND THE WINNING CAPTION FROM THE SPRING ISSUE IS…

"I'll be adding my own special fertilizer." SUBMITTED BY:CAROL KAPUSINSKY

RUNNER-UP CAPTIONS "Now if I can just find some bacon seeds..." SUBMITTED BY: DEBRA JERAULD

"This time I'll try adding water!" SUBMITTED BY: BILL JOSLYN

"Who needs a green thumb when you have a green dewclaw?!?" SUBMITTED BY: MADDOG

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! E L I SM Guero

Modern Dog’s Photo Contest Winners!

Primrose

Maltese

Piper

French Bulldog

Mix

Xxx Xxx

Chloe

Rottweiler

Sadie Mae Guidry Penelope Chocolate Labrador

English Bulldog

Pudglet Pug

Parker

Pembroke Welsh Corgi 22 moderndog

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Noodles

Basset Hound

Paddy

Goldendoodle

Kubo

Border Collie


Zara Samantha

Staffordshire Bull Terrier

Molly

German Shepherd

Shih Tzu Pekingese Mix

Max

Yorkshire Terrier

Orion

Alaskan Malamute

Kooji Barbosa Axle French Bulldog

Pike Mix

Pug and Shih Tzu Mix

Stormy Krueger

Chihuahua Terrier Mix

White German Shepherd

Totem

Shiloh Shepherd

Think your dog ought to be in Modern Dog?

Cooper

Yorkshire Terrier

Capone & BugsyLaw

Upload your dog’s photo at moderndogmagazine.com/ photocontest. Not only will he or she be entered to be our Dog of the Week, but a selection of the photos entered will appear on these pages!

American Bullies

moderndogmagazine.com

23


ENTER TO WIN

We’re giving it away! Enter to win fabulous giveaways each and every week in June, July, and August. Go to moderndogmagazine.com/giveaways to enter! Lucky readers will win every week.

june

1st-7th

Win 1 of 8 Mickey Mouse costumes from Rubie’s Pet Shop Boutique. Check them out on Facebook for more adorable canine costumes!

8th-14th

15th-21st

22nd-30th

8th-14th

15th-21st

22nd-31st

Win a delicious prize pack from Primal Pet Foods! Your dog will love the well-balanced, freeze-dried raw formulas in 6 delectable flavours like lamb, rabbit, and venison.

Win 1 of 5 PetCams! This Puppy will let you see, hear, and talk to your pets from anywhere with a PetCam from Pet-Peeps.com.

july

1st-7th

Win 1 of 10 Lavender Mint Duos from John Paul Pet! The shampoo and detangling spray use tea tree lavender mint extract to cleanse, calm, soothe, and leave your pup smelling great.

august

1st-7th

Win 1 of 2 free trials of fresh meals from The Farmer’s Dog— the leading pet health company helping dogs live long and healthy lives.

Win $200 worth of freshly-cooked, ready-to-eat meals from PetPlate. These customized, pre-portioned, nutrient dense and delicious meals are delivered right to your door!

8th-14th

Win 1 of 4 Dog Bundles! This bundle of premium quality dog-tested toys and all-natural treats and chews provides hours of fun for your best friend.

Win 1 of 5 PureLUXE Elite Nutrition grain-free holistic dog food prize packs. Includes two four-pound bags of food in your choice of formula.

15th-21st

Win 1 of 7 HandsOn Gloves—the massage your dog will beg for! These gloves provide a more thorough shedding, bathing and grooming experience for you and your pup.

Win 1 of 4 Crumps’ Naturals prize packs. Includes treats—Sweet Potato Chews, Beef Tendersticks, Original Plaque Blasters & Mini Trainer ChicSnaps—and new Gutsy dehydrated dog food.

Win 1 of 5 Probiotic Skin Care sets from Skout’s Honor, which includes: Shampoo, Conditioner, 2-in-1 Shampoo + Conditioner, Detangler & Deodorizer. Your pet will never look or feel better!

22nd-31st

Win 1 of 5 Barkworthies totally RAWSOME trios! Treat your pup to these treats made with oats, bully flakes and freeze-dried RAW ingredients.

No purchase necessary to enter or win. Beginning June 1, 2018 at 12:01 AM (PST) through August 31, 2018 at 11:59 PM (PST), enter each day at moderndogmagazine.com/giveaways. Each week’s giveaway ends at 11:59 PM (PST). Each week, the specified number of winners for that week’s giveaway will win the prize featured in the giveaway calendar (ARV: $200). Odds of winning depend on the number of entries received. Contest is open to legal Canadian and US residents 18 and older as of date of entry. Void in Puerto Rico and where prohibited by law. Giveaway subject to complete official rules available at moderndogmagazine.com/giveaways.

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INSET PHOTO: CALVIN SALVATORIELLO SUBMITTED BY LISA PINTO

s y a w a e v i G t a Gre


Find Your Perfect Breed match

Is the Shar-Pei or the German Shorthaired Pointer for you? The Shar-Pei

T

Loyal, independent, calm

he Shar-Pei is one of the most ancient breeds still in existence. This fascinating breed’s unique physical appearance melds seemingly disparate elements into an arresting package: superabundant folds of skin, small triangular ears, a wide hippo’s mouth, a high, curled tail, small eyes, and, like the Chow Chow, a blue or black tongue make this breed one of a kind. Topping it all is the sandpapery coat that gives the breed its name—“shar-pei” means “sand skin,” a reference to the harshness of the coat. The overall look is described by the AKC as “dignified, lordly, scowling, sober, and snobbish.” The Pei is special—and he knows it! He is clever, but not easily swayed. He does not make friends easily—the breed is known for being standoffish and suspicious of both strangers and other dogs—but is a loyal and devoted protector of his family. A warrior lurks in the heart of every Pei. This otherwise calm dog will meet what he sees as a threat with tenacity, making training and socialization paramount.

I'm Loyal! Is the Shar-Pei right for you? Find out more at: moderndogmagazine.com/Shar-Pei

“Shar-Pei are very intelligent, can be stubborn, and are extremely loyal to the family,” says Terry Cole of TnT Shar-Pei Rescue (tntsharpeirescue. com). “As with any dog, it is important to establish yourself and other humans in the family as leaders, and socialize, socialize, socialize!”

The German Shorthaired Pointer

Friendly, smart, and willing to please

W

ith sleek good looks and an eager-to-please personality, the German Shorthaired Pointer makes #11 in the ACK’s list of most popular breeds for good reason. Friendly, smart, and willing to please, this versatile hound of German origin can do it all. Though originally developed as an all-round hunting dog, the GSP’s adaptability serves him well in modern times. While the breed is not a good choice for a couch-potato owner in a small apartment—boundless energy is a hallmark of the breed—GSPs can fit into a variety of situations as long as they are given sufficient activity for body and brain. Vigorous exercise is a must, but owners who run, hike, bike, or are involved in agility will find the GSP a perfect companion. This medium-sized breed is comparable in height to the Labrador Retriever but of lighter build, weighing in at 45 to 70 pounds. In North America, the tail is usually docked but in many places around the world, docking is now illegal and GSPs are wagging long, natural tails again. The breed’s low-maintenance short coat should be solid liver in colour or a combination of liver and white. A weekly rubdown with a hound glove is all that is required for grooming. With aristocratic good looks and a happy disposition, this trainable and devoted family dog could be your perfect match, provided you, too, like to run off steam with plenty of exercise.

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I'm ! tic energe Is the German Shorthaired Pointer right for you? Find out more at: moderndogmagazine.com/GSP


WHY YOUR DOG EATS POOP, ACCORDING TO THE LATEST SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH Finally, science sheds some light on a mystery that has stymied—and disgusted—dog lovers for generations By Eleanor Munk

T

ry as we might, we humans generally have a hard time understanding why in the world our dogs eat poop. Nothing is quite as disturbing as watching the cute canine you cuddle up with on the couch chow down on a steaming pile when you’re out for a walk. After all, dogs have an incredible sense of smell; shouldn’t they be revolted by feces consumption? Unfortunately, poop eating, known in the scientific community as coprophagia, is a fairly common behaviour in dogs. New research explains why this may be so. A study recently published in the journal of Veterinary Medicine and Science suggests that this yucky behaviour is linked to “greedy eating”—think dogs that inhale their food—as well as an instinct leftover from dogs’ ancestors, the wolves. According to the study, led by veterinarian Benjamin Hart, wolves may have eaten the feces of their pack (dropped by old or sick pack members who couldn’t make it outside—dogs and wolves alike don’t like to soil their living area) in order to clean up their dens. Doing so, posits Hart, who is director of the Center for Animal Behavior at the University of California at Davis, would have helped wolves avoid intestinal parasites such as larvae or worms. Because it usually takes around two days for parasites and pathogens to develop, eating the feces would generally be safe and would keep the parasites from developing in their living area. As for the greedy eating, Professor James Serpell of the

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University of Pennsylvania and editor of the recent book The Domestic Dog: Its Evolution, Behavior and Interactions with People, explains it thus: dogs evolved as scavengers, meaning that they would eat whatever they could find—including feces. This impulse is a leftover of their evolution. In order to survive, canines couldn’t afford to be picky. This behaviour is still seen in many parts of the developing world, where dogs consume this, um, “pre-digested” food source when scavenging for anything to fill their bellies. Today, dogs (and cats) “are fed diets that are relatively rich in fats and protein, not all of which may be completely digested, making their feces potentially attractive as a second hand food source,” Serpell explained to the Washington Post. Though it may prove small comfort, coprophagia appears to be a normal, natural dog behaviour that has been taking place for centuries. However, always consult your vet to make sure there are no other health problems leading to your pup’s behaviour (for example, a diet deficient in nutrients or calories), or psychological issues (like isolation or anxiety) that are spurring the behaviour. When those are ruled out, if you would like to put an end to the poop eating, the American Kennel Club suggests vitamin supplementation, enzyme supplementation, and taste-aversion products. And of course, keep your dog’s living area clean (aka manage the supply), supervise your dog while outside, and train a solid “leave it” command to discourage your dog from devouring droppings.


Calling all dapper dogs! Get suited up for summer with a snazzy seersucker bow tie from On Cloud Canine. This washable bow tie is easily attached to any collar with Velcro. The subtle stripes are a classic, making it perfect for summer weddings and backyard parties alike! $12, On-Cloud-Canine.MyShopify.com

Show everyone in your life where your priorities truly lie with this handmade sterling silver necklace from Mark Poulin. One side of the reversible charm features a drawing of a dog and the other states “love me-love my dog.” The perfect statement piece to let people know who comes first! From $36, MarkPoulin.com

PUP-TACULAR SUMMER FINDS! Perfectly summery fun finds for dogs and their people.

It’s a pup party in a box! Birthday, adoption day or just because—your dog party needs a Pawty Box. These themed party décor kits for dogs include all the adorable essentials—from invitations and pawty hats to treat bags and bow ties—for an Instagram-worthy canine celebration. $80, PawtyBox.com

Add a touch of whimsy to any garden, yard, or potted plant with a garden stake representing your favourite breed. These hand-painted resin signs from Anything Dogs come in a huge array of breeds—from the Cairn Terrier (pictured) to the Samoyed, there is truly something for everyone. A perfect gift for any dog-loving gardener! $44, AnythingDogs.com

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Sometimes the only way to beat the heat—for pups and people alike—is with a refreshing pool plunge! Luckily, the dog-lovers at DOOG have introduced the convenient Pop-Up Pool just in time for summer. Easily folded and stored, this awesome watertight dog pool is durable, perfect for travel, and available in three sizes for summer fun! From $45, DoogUSA.com


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TRAINING

ARE YOU THE CAUSE OF YOUR DOG’S BARKING PROBLEM What to do if you find you are at the root of your dog’s alarm barking

By Teoti Anderson

My Miniature Poodle Daisy barks when anyone—including my husband—enters our home, but only when I'm at home. Everyone can come and go without four-alarm barking from Daisy so long as I'm out. What gives and how do I fix this? By all accounts from your family and friends, your dog is an angel. She lets the cleaning lady in the house without a peep. The delivery guy drops packages at your door and never hears a sound of protest. The yard maintenance team mows the lawn and hacks away at your shrubbery while your dog monitors the progress in stalwart silence. Until you come home. Then your silent hound turns extremely vocal. Every arrival is met with a deafening round of barking. Your husband can’t even walk in the door without your dog signalling alarm. Why does your dog bark only when you’re around? Are you causing the problem? Probably. Ouch. If your dog is only exhibiting a behaviour when you’re present then you need to look in the mirror to find the cause. Recognizing you’re the problem isn’t always

a fun realization but without facing the root cause—in this case, you—you won’t be able to find a solution. Dogs who alarm bark only when the owner is present can be territorial and protective of those owners. Some dogs go further than barking. They will growl, snap or even bite. Your sweet fluffball snuggling next to you in bed turns into a growling menace when your spouse or significant other tries to join you. Your dog is next to you on the couch, and snaps at your friend who tries to give you a hello hug. What gives? Your dog is telling the other person to back off. Deep down inside, if you really take a hard look at yourself, don’t you find this rather flattering? It’s hard to admit but most people get a little kick when their dog “defends” them in this manner. Even when it’s a tiny Maltese, you get a chuckle at her fierce devotion to you— there’s so much love that she would appoint herself your personal guard. This is part of the problem. You like it. And your dog knows this. Dogs are extremely perceptive. And if you’re pleased, you’re rewarding the behaviour. Your dog can sense that you are happy with her actions. So, one of the first things you need to do is stop

Is Your Dog’s Barking Actually Fear-Based? Does your dog growl, lunge and bark at other people or dogs? Many times, people think their dogs are guarding them, when in fact that’s not the case. Much aggressive behaviour is based in fear. A fearful dog will often adopt the “best defense is a good offense” approach, making himself scary and loud so whatever’s frightening him will go away. In this case, this dog isn’t guarding you at all—he’s guarding himself.

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How can you tell? Does the behaviour happen when you’re not nearby? If your dog is by himself and sees another person or dog, does he still go ballistic? Then your guard dog is protecting himself, not you. Work with a professional, reward-based trainer to help your dog learn that he’s safe and you’ll take care of him—no need for out of control barking.


acting so flattered when it happens. Let your dog know that it does not make you happy. If your dog is on the couch and snaps at someone who comes near you, make her get off the couch immediately. If she’s on the bed and growls, she loses bed privileges. This typically isn’t enough to fix the problem. You’ll need to add some counter conditioning, teaching your dog that when people come near you, it’s a good thing rather than something to be worried and upset about. Set up some training scenarios. Every time your honey hugs you, give your dog a treat. Every time your friend hugs you, give your dog a treat. Every time the delivery service brings your food to the door, give your dog a treat. She’s going to start associating people coming near you as opportunities for delicious treats, rather than cause for alarm. When you can’t predict someone is coming over and a guest’s arrival causes your dog to erupt in a frenzy of barking, you can still be as prepared as possible. Keep treats near the door. Before letting the person in, put your dog on leash if she is also likely to bark and lunge at them. Tether your dog to a sturdy piece of furniture, or if your house layout allows it, put her behind a baby gate. Take your time and set your dog up for success—your guest can wait an extra minute. When your dog looks at the guest, toss her a treat. With time and practice, your dog will learn to anticipate that guests mean treats, and the barking will lessen. For times when you simply can’t use a guest’s arrival as an opportunity to train your dog, then just put her out of sight. You can put her in a bedroom or crate with a stuffed food toy. This is managing the issue, not fixing it, but it’s better than letting her practice bad behaviour. Keep in mind, the longer your dog has been practicing barking at others who approach you, the longer it may take to fix it. If it’s a new problem, you want to work on fixing it right away before it gets worse. Often what happens is that the dog practices the behaviour for a long time, and finally something happens to make you realize you really need to fix this. She may finally bite someone. Or, you may have been single and are now with a really special person, and you realize your dog needs to learn to share. It can be hard to realize we’re the root of our dog’s problem, but there’s a certain amount of empowerment in that as well. If the problem is you, you can work to fix it! Let your dog be a loving companion, not an alarm waiting to launch. Everyone in your life will appreciate sharing you. n Teoti Anderson, CPDT-KA, KPA-CTP, is a professional dog trainer and author of The Dog Behavior Problem Solver, Ultimate Guide to Dog Training, Puppy Care and Training, and more. She hosts the Get Pawsitive Results radio show on Pet Life Radio and educates pet parents and other trainers on canine behaviour through popular webinars and workshops.

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PSYCHOLOGY

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THE SCENT OF EMOTIONS Dogs can smell your emotional state—and it alters their mood By Stanley Coren | Illustration by Ryan Garcia

I

remember once listening to a lecture delivered by a clinical psychologist about how to cure a person’s fear of dogs (technically called cynophobia). During the question period that followed, a person from the audience asked, “Isn’t treating a fear of dogs complicated by the phobic person’s reaction to dogs? It’s my understanding that dogs can ‘smell fear’ on a person, and the scent triggers an aggressive response in the dog. If so, the individual’s phobia would be strengthened because their fearful scent would generate a hostile response in any dog they encountered.” The psychologist responded by noting that she had also often heard of dogs detecting and responding to the emotional scent produced by people, however, she knew of no direct data. As far as she could tell, it might just be a popular myth. There is a lot of evidence which suggests that dogs are good at reading human emotions. For example, dogs can read the facial expressions of people. Research has shown that they respond differently to happy versus angry facial expressions, not only from live people, but also from photographs. Dogs do not simply read these facial expressions but react, changing their responses to individuals and the things in their environment based on these expressions. Thus an angry glare that their owner directs toward someone will cause the dog to avoid that person in the future. There is also evidence that dogs can read our tone of voice and extract our emotional state from that. If, for instance, their owner looks at something and says something like, “Wow! That is really nice!” in a happy tone of voice, the dog is much more likely to approach that thing. All of these studies, however, focused on the dog recognizing visual and auditory cues for emotion transmitted by people; the contribution of a dog’s exquisite ability to recognize scent has only barely been investigated in this regard. It makes sense to think that a person’s emotional state may alter how they might smell to a dog. This is because our emotions can trigger pheromones, which are biological chemicals that alter the composition of bodily fluids—such as our sweat, which then evaporates into the air around us. In essence then, we are moving in a localized cloud of smells which contains information about the emotions that we are currently experiencing. There was one, somewhat odd, piece of research, which suggests that dogs do moderndogmagazine.com

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We are moving in a localized cloud of smells which contains information about the emotions that we are currently experiencing. process and recognize some emotional smells. This study was conducted by a team of researchers headed by Marcello Siniscalchi from the University of Bari “Aldo Moro” in Valenzano, Italy. In that investigation dogs were presented with a small vial which released minute amounts of a chemical smell. The vial was small enough so that if the dog wanted to sniff at it he could use only one nostril at a time. Some of the smells tested were neutral (such as the scent of lemon), while others were positive (dog kibble), however one of the vials contained adrenaline, a stress hormone present in pheromones when an individual is suffering from fear or anxiety. What these researchers found was that the dogs were much more likely to use their right nostril when sniffing the adrenaline. I know that some readers are now thinking, “So what?” but bear with me; this is an important finding for two reasons: First, that the dogs respond differently when sniffing adrenaline shows that dogs can recognize the scent of a stress hormone. The second reason that this particular behaviour makes sense is because the right nostril leads directly to the right hemisphere of the brain which is believed to be more specialized for processing emotional stimuli than the left hemisphere of the brain. The question about whether dogs can smell positive versus negative emotional states, and, specifically, how dogs might behaviourally respond to such scents has recently been addressed by another Italian research team, this one headed by neurobiologist Biagio D’Aniello of the University of Naples “Federico II.” The results were published in the journal Animal Cognition. The researchers say that their study “was designed to examine a new perspective, namely the transmission of emotional states from humans to dogs via human body odours produced during happiness and fear.” They were also very concerned about testing the popular notion that if dogs smell fear on a person it is likely to trigger an aggressive response from the dog toward the fearful individual. The first step in a piece of research like this involves gathering the scent stimuli. The “odour donors” came from a laboratory in Lisbon. A number of people were shown a 25 minute video designed to induce the emotional states of either fear or happiness. Sweat samples were then collected on pads, placed in sealed packets, frozen, and returned to the behavioural lab in Naples.

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The test subjects were a sample of 40 Labrador and Golden Retrievers who had been fitted out with mobile heart rate monitors. Each dog was placed in a small room with his owner and a stranger (who was not one of the odour donors). Both the dog’s owner and the stranger sat reading magazines and did not specifically interact with the dog. Meanwhile an apparatus was used to disperse scents from either the “happy sweat” or the “fearful sweat,” while in a control condition no odour was released. The dogs’ behaviours and physiological responses did change as a result of their exposure to emotionally tinged sweat odours. The dogs that had been exposed to the fear-related smells showed more behavioural signs of stress than those exposed to the happy or neutral smells. These dogs seemed to also seek reassurance through contact with their owners. In addition, when the fear smell was in the room the dogs’ heart rates were considerably higher than they were in either the happy or neutral conditions. However, while the dogs were clearly responding emotionally to the scent of fear, their response seemed to mirror the emotion that they were detecting in that they acted in a fearful manner themselves. There was no evidence of aggression toward either the owner, the stranger, or the scent dispensing apparatus. The dogs also seemed to recognize the odour associated with a happy emotion. Exposure to that scent did not produce stress signs or an elevated heart rate, but rather the dogs now tended to show more interest and approach behaviour toward the stranger. In an interview, D’Aniello summarized the results saying, “Thus our data, while supporting the dog’s ability to perceive human emotional chemo-messages, do not prove that they trigger attack.” As for the suggestion that someone who is afraid of dogs is more likely to be the recipient of hostile responses when they meet dogs, he suggested, “When people are afraid of dogs, they also assume unusual postures and look the dog in the eyes. This behaviour can be interpreted by the dog as a threat.” Bottom line? Dogs do seem to be able to smell human’s emotional state and look to their owners to model their response. As for those fearful of dogs? The scent of your fear alone is unlikely to provoke a response, though your unusual fear-driven behaviour might well make a dog uncomfortable. n


Actress Nicole Kidman pets a Poodle between takes on the set of 'The Goldfinch' in New York City.

! s r a t Sey’re just

Their dog is their fave travel companion.

Th ! s u e k li Ewan McGregor takes his dog for a walk to the trailhead near his home in Brentwood, CA.

They make time for sunny dog outings.

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Sienna Miller and her daughter Marlowe Layng Sturridge are seen walking their dog in the rain in New York City.

Rain doesn't keep them from a dog walk!

NEW, SPLASH NEWS; ©ELDER ORDONEZ, SPLASH NEWS; ©SPLASH NEWS;

They say hello to dogs.

CLOCKWISE FROM TOP: ©CHRISTOPHER PETERSON, SPLASH NEWS; ©SPLASH

Lucy Hale is seen carrying her dog Elvis through LAX airport.


Priyanka Chopra poses with her dog Diana in New York City.

They take their dog to work.

They carry their little dogs.

! s r a t Sey’re just

"A Dog's Purpose" is to travel with their famous actor dad! Dennis Quaid and his adorable Bulldog Peaches were spotted checking into their NYC hotel as Dennis prepared for his press tour for "I Can Only Imagine."

Hilary Duff was spotted while taking her two dogs for stroll in New York City.

They explore their neighbourhoods together. Martha Hunt walks her dog Bear in New York City.

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CLOCKWISE FROM TOP: ©JANET MAYER, SPLASH NEWS; ©247PAPS.TV, SPLASH NEWS;

They match their accessories with their dogs!

©ROBERT O'NEIL, SPLASH NEWS; ©FELIPE RAMALES, SPLASH NEWS;

Th ! s u e k li


DON’T CALL YOUR DOG! Why You Should Never Call a Stray or Loose Dog A lost pet recovery expert and educator explains how to best retrieve a dog on the loose By Kat Albrecht

Kat Albrecht is the founder of Missing Pet Partnership and teacher of the eight-week Missing Animal Response Course. We had the expert in animal recovery explain why the most common approach to recovering a loose, scared dog is, in fact, the worst.

I

know—if your dog has escaped and is running loose or if you encounter a stray, it sounds crazy-stupid when I say, “don’t call the dog.” You’re probably thinking, “but he always comes to me when I call him” or “how will I get the dog to come to me then?” The answer is by calming him and attracting him to come to you, and I will explain how to do so. But first let me explain why calling a dog can cause him to run from you (and when a dog runs, pretty much everyone chases after the dog, which is the worst thing you can do!). Here’s what we know: Dogs that have been scared off by fireworks, thunder, or other traumatic events can be so terrified that they will not even come to their owners. While some dogs will ultimately calm down and then approach people, other dogs will continue to run from everyone. Many dogs with fearful temperaments, such as dogs who were not properly socialized, puppy mill dogs, and dogs that have been through an extremely traumatic experience (perhaps escaped due to a car crash, for example) are in

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fight or flight mode and will be highly reactive to sounds and movement. One of the worst things that you can do is call out to a stray or panicked dog. It’s likely other people who have encountered the loose dog have already tried to capture him and thus calling him has become a trigger that causes him to automatically bolt in fear when anyone, including his owner, calls him. In many cases, people try to call the dog as they look directly at him and walk towards him, an action that is dominant and frightening to a scared dog.

INSTEAD, SING TO YOUR DOG! I’ve been asked, “If I’m walking through the neighbourhood searching for my dog and I can’t call his name, can I whistle?” The answer is no, because chances are good that if other people encountered your dog, they whistled to him (which many people do because everyone knows that dogs come when you whistle, right?) so whistling will also be a trigger that causes your dog to run. The same goes for slapping your leg and clapping your hands. Instead, sing to your dog! Yes, really. Pick any tune you like and make up the words as you go along. Singing to your dog will accomplish two things: it will get your voice heard by your dog and it will sound different to your dog than the sounds used by strangers who’ve tried to grab him. Singing will also help you to calm down and hopefully your voice will reflect peace rather than the fear that is


When you fixate all of your attention on a dog in fight or flight mode, he will think that you are trying to catch him and become even more terrified. projected when you’re worried and calling your dog. (Note that if your dog has a fearful temperament or took off because of a traumatic incident, a silent search is best, but if you need to make noise while searching, then sing while you search!)

IF YOU SEE YOUR DOG, CALM HIM (BUT DON’T CALL YOUR DOG) If, during your search, you encounter your dog, do NOT call out to him and don’t use a coaxing voice. If he is looking at you, immediately sit down. If you see him and he does not see you, start singing, sit down, and look away, which is a submissive gesture. Standing up is a dominant gesture so sitting down is critical to attracting a panicked dog to come to you. Consider faking that you’re eating food on the ground. Better yet, come prepared with a baggie of smelly treats, like pieces of hotdog or liver treats. Potato chip bags are perfect to carry your treats in because they make loud, crinkly noises that dogs associate with food. Keep in mind that sometimes food will work as a lure and sometimes it won’t—it depends on the dog and the level of panic. When dogs are in a full fight or flight mode and their adrenaline is flowing, they may be too distracted for food. This is one of the reasons why, when you try to feed a hotdog to a scared or panicked dog, he oftentimes won’t eat it. Watch your dog out of the corner of your eye without looking directly at him. Do not walk towards him. One of our volunteers at Missing Animal Response Network captured a tiny terrier that ran from her when she called him but came wiggling up to her once she laid flat on her back and patted her chest. Another of our volunteers captured a panicked dog by getting out of the car with a Frisbee and tossing it back and forth with the dog owner as they both just ignored the dog. Your body language should convey that you are ignoring or haven’t noticed the dog. Calming them down and attracting them to come to you is the key to catching loose dogs. When you fixate all of your attention on a scared dog, he will think that you are trying to catch him and become even more terrified. Many dog owners don’t believe that their own dog would not come to them and find out the hard way: they call their loose, frightened dog and it has the opposite of the desired effect; instead of attracting him they cause him to bolt. Don’t let this be you. If you see your dog, instead of calling him, sit down on the ground, look away, and start making lip-smacking “nummy, nummy” sounds as you drop treats on the ground, slowly enticing your dog to come to you. I guarantee this non-intuitive approach will result in a much faster reunion! n Find out more about the Missing Animal Response Course at

missinganimalresponse.com.

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eat

RECIPE

D.I.Y.

Bison Brittle

These novel-protein dog treats are especially great for pups with red meat allergies and are powered up with the health-promoting properties of turmeric, cinnamon, and carob. Your dog is going to love these! By Suzi Beber

INGREDIENTS (Organic is best whenever possible.)

• 1 pound grass fed or organic bison liver (Other livers can easily be used for this recipe, for example, beef, duck or turkey.) • 1/2 cup sweet potato, grated • 1 tsp carob powder

el v o n tein pro rce! sou

• 1 tsp cinnamon

DIRECTIONS

• 1 tsp turmeric • 1/2 cup whole brown rice flour or another whole flour of your choice, for example, hemp or quinoa

1. Preheat oven to 2000F. 2. Combine all ingredients in a food processor or blender and blend until smooth. 3. Line a cookie sheet with parchment paper, spread liver paste onto parchment paper, and place cookie sheet on middle rack of oven. 4. Bake for 3 hours. Remove cookie sheet from oven, take a test piece and break it in two—if you hear a “snap,” the brittle is done! If not, continue baking for another half hour. 5. Once cool, treat your delighted dog with a piece! Be sure to cool completely before storage. Keep Bison Brittle in an airtight container or Ziploc bags, no refrigeration necessary. Will keep for months if completely dry/cool.  

*

Remember that treats and other additions to your dog’s regular meal should comprise no more than 10 percent of their daily intake. Always introduce new foods gradually to avoid stomach upset. When in doubt, consult your vet. 44 moderndog

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food ingredients  //////////////

BISON Bison is considered a non-allergenic protein, making it easily digestible for pets with a red meat intolerance. Grass-fed bison is free from pesticides, herbicides, hormones, and antibiotics. It is also a good source of omega 3 fatty acids and the B vitamins. Grass-fed bison is high in CLA (Conjugated Linolenic Acid), which has been recognized to help block tumour growth, reduce the risk of diabetes, and stimulate the immune system.

SWEET POTATO Sweet potatoes are a great source of Vitamin E. They also provide many other important nutrients, including Vitamins A, B6, and C, calcium, iron, folate, potassium, copper, thiamine, and iron.  Sweet potatoes are complex carbohydrates, and are an example of a beta-carotene rich vegetable, which may be a significant factor in reducing the risk of certain cancers. They are also a good source of dietary fibre, helping to support a healthy gastrointestinal system.

CAROB Carob is the fruit of the carob tree, also known as the locust tree and St. John’s tree. Carob is rich in natural sugars and contains all the principal vitamins and minerals. It's been use for millenia— in ancient Egypt, carob pods were combined with porridge, honey and wax, as a remedy for diarrhea. They also used carob in recipes for expelling worms and treating poor eyesight and eye infections. In the 1st century AD, the Greek physician Dioscorides wrote that carob helped to relieve stomach pain and settle digestion, and this bit of news has not changed since.

CINNAMON Cinnamon has many applications. In the West, the inner bark is used primarily for digestive upsets, like indigestion and diarrhea. In China, cinnamon is well recognized as an energizing “herb,” used to treat kidney problems and even asthma.  Compresses made from diluted cinnamon tincture help to relieve arthritic and rheumatic pain.

TURMERIC Turmeric has many benefits. It exhibits liver-protective qualities similar to milk thistle and artichoke. It also has anti-inflammatory properties and is a powerful antioxidant. Turmeric stimulates the immune system and is used as both an anti-carcinogen and as part of some cancer treatments. It is considered one of the best anti-mutagenic foods.

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HOW TO LAY THE FOUNDATION FOR A SAFE & POSTIVIE RELATIONSHIP

DOG MEETS BABY By Jennifer Messer

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Four steps to successfully introducing a baby into your formerly dog-only home.

“D

aa” is Jake’s only word so far. My partner Tim likes to think it means “dad,” but our stubby one-year-old’s index finger pointed squarely at the dog says otherwise. Charlotte, our 12-year-old Pit Bull, has adapted well to her new name, along with the Neanderthal hugs, jock-like whacks, and obnoxious sounds emitted by her two-legged sibling. Admittedly, I’m longing to hear my son say “mama.” But for now I’ll settle for his monosyllabic reference to the big hairy beast that our relatives feared would harm him, the 80 pounds of terrier who is arguably his best friend. Our comedic duo of Pit Bull and toddler has turned out to be real bosom buddies. A far cry from the tragedy forecast a year ago by worried relatives who were adamant that a dog-aggressive terrier and a newborn have no business living together. The concern was misguided, but very understandable. Charlotte is a big, strong dog of ill-reputed breed and a downright nuisance with other dogs. She is the classic backyard-bred Pit Bull: a sweetheart with humans and a social misfit with her own kind. But Charlotte’s lifetime track record of being exceptionally people-friendly, and her ability to scrap without doing any harm to even her worst canine foes, makes her as safe as any large dog can be around babies. Not an easy sell for a breed with entrenched mythology about locking jaws and “turning” on people, even for my partner and I, two veterinarians able to cite all the scientific facts and agreement of our expert colleagues. Despite some pretty pushy pleas to re-home her, Tim and I stuck to our guns and proceeded with the planning and work that is needed for any blended family of canine and kid. The training and safety considerations apply well beyond big burly terriers, so I’ll take the opportunity to share some pointers from our four step “tail” of success:

Step One: First Impressions No sooner did I deliver Jake than we delivered home some of his used baby blankets. You only get one shot at making a great first impression, so Charlotte’s first whiff of Jake was followed immediately by a five-star dinner of meatball parmesan. The order and timing is important when teaching new associations. First you present the thing you want the dog to like (baby smell), then something fabulous just a split second after (dinner). Easy when you are working with blankets and a food bowl, more complicated when working with five pounds of squirming newborn. So for our arrival home we had two extra adults on hand and pre-assigned roles. Tim was baby-butt-presenter, I was dog handler, our pet nanny was baby gate manager and my mom was on stand-by for post-greeting handoff of baby Jake. Yes, it was tantamount to stage planning for a Broadway production; laugh if you will, but it worked. We kept their introduction short and sweet: once Charlotte had some good sniffs and a few chunks of freeze dried liver, we passed Jake off to my mom so we could fuss over the dog like she was queen of the castle. Charlotte seemed impressed with the new addition, and we were rather impressed with ourselves. Jake was impressed with no one, and did what newborn babies do best—kept us up most of the night!

Step Two: Build a Foundation of Trust between Siblings Prenatal class prepares you to respond to your baby’s cry like a world class butler, prompt and reliable. They do not prepare you for juggling TWO needy creatures that must learn to like each other. We knew that when Jake cried he could wait an extra few moderndogmagazine.com

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seconds to be tended to, so we made sure we tossed something good Charlotte’s way en route. It didn’t take her long to go from tucking her tail to salivating when Jake wailed. And with four adults around there was usually enough manpower to give Charlotte some love and attention along with her snack. Charlotte adjusted very quickly to cries from a distance, but erratic movements and sudden screams in close proximity took a bit more time. As Jake grew so did our dependence on baby gates. Gates gave us control of when and where the two kids would have access to each other, enabling us to give our full attention when they were in shared space. Managing their access to each other allowed us to spend those first few months teaching them to like and trust each other, rather than having to harp on Charlotte to follow a bunch of new kid rules. We wanted all her neurons focused on learning what a great addition Jake is, not trying to figure out what is permitted. And besides, we had enough work on our hands just keeping everyone housed, fed, and bathed—we weren’t looking for more! As Jake matured, his behaviour shifted from a pretty small repertoire of movements to new ones almost every day. He was getting strong enough to hurt Charlotte but was still too immature to be taught not to. By four months of age he could give a pretty good pinch, and the normal stage of experimenting with cause and effect made Charlotte a very attractive outlet for his ever increasing abilities. Our main job from four to eight months was to protect Charlotte from Jake’s uninhibited manhandling. We kept shared time short and well supervised, quickly getting a finger between his palm and her fur to prevent a tight squeeze, and intercepting eyeball pokes and foot bites. Being human, we’d miss the boat now and then, which was an opportunity both to gauge her reaction and make it well worth her while (think hotdogs and Frisbee, pronto) for tolerating him. The brief but regular interactions created a foundation of familiarity, fondness, and confidence between them in preparation for the next step—some rules of engagement.

Step Three: Teach Dog & Toddler Some Rules With a solid foundation of good feelings between them, it was time to put some rules in place. Dogs and kids learn new rules very easily—it is only when you go back and forth on whether something is or isn’t allowed that you create stress and confusion.

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Jake is being taught that he must not approach Charlotte while she is eating. Soon we will teach him to bring her dessert so that she will grow to like the sight of him approaching her dish. He is also not allowed to pinch her, grab her tail or feet, or bug her when she’s sleeping. Jake is just the right age to be learning that there are boundaries for everything in his life, including access to his furry friend. Likewise, Charlotte is being taught some boundaries with Jake: no snatching food from his mouth, knocking him over, or soliciting attention when we are changing or feeding him. Learners do best when they get feedback on what they are doing right AND what they are doing wrong, so long as the feedback is mostly positive and they are never scared or hurt when it is negative. A simple word to mark a mistake followed swiftly by loss of privilege is all the punishment either of them ever needs to get our message loud and clear. Of course, with two learners in the house it is important that they know which one of them we’re talking to, so we use different words to verbally reward and punish each of them: “Cookies” and “Ah-ah” for Charlotte, “Good Job” and “No” for Jake. Feedback words for Jake will expand quickly, of course, and will simply not include the two I’ve always used for Charlotte. It is working out well so far. When Jake grabs a fistful of fur I can blurt “Cookies” to let Charlotte know there’s a reward forthcoming for tolerating the abuse and “No” to Jake, followed by an instructive “gentle” as I get Charlotte her deserved treats. If Jake persists he loses his playmate to the other side of the baby gate... a pretty harsh and effective punishment!

Step Four: Let them Train Each Other We expect Jake to transgress—and to be chastised and even downright frightened by Charlotte when he does. Their solid foundation and Charlotte’s pristine track record of safety around dogs and humans will see them through. Jake has been socialized well enough to Charlotte that he should be able to endure a bark, growl or intentionally harmless snap without becoming fearful of her or, worse yet, of dogs in general. At 14 months, he is now old enough to connect cause and effect so that her punishment will impact his behaviour towards her (not pinch toes again), and I can use language now to help him with that learning. It is in his best interest to know that dogs can be scary if provoked. Likewise, Charlotte is very well socialized to Jake. She is always happy to see him, solicits his

ILLUSTRATION BY JESS GOLDEN

Our comedic duo of Pit Bull and toddler have turned out to be real bosom buddies.


company, and has shown absolutely no aggression towards him. With this foundation of trust in place we now let Jake fend for himself a bit: he has mastered an effective ear-piercing shriek to stop her from stealing his coveted cheddar bunnies. Should they end up in a situation where Jake provokes her, I expect her to do with him what she’s done many times over with cats, pesky puppies, and the few dogs she’s known as friends—give lots of cues to tell him he’s doing something she doesn’t like, and eventually escalate to a impact-less snap if her warnings go unheeded. The silver lining to Charlotte’s rap sheet of canine fisticuffs is that she has demonstrated, paws down, that she is a safe biter. That may sound like an oxymoron, but dogs are designed to be able to argue and bite without hurting each other. Not all of them learn this in the critical first five months of life, but Charlotte did and she has had lots of canine kafuffles to prove it! This means that when push comes to shove and Charlotte bites, she can gauge to the nanometer what she does with her jaws and can brush skin without so much as an ounce of pressure. Her bite inhibition—the term for inhibiting force when biting—is our ultimate insurance policy regarding Jake’s safety, no matter what he may to do provoke her. We do not expect Charlotte to bite Jake, but we are absolutely confident that she would do him no harm if she did.

ILLUSTRATION BY JOEL KIMMEL

Life Choices I am often asked why I would take the chance in keeping a large dog of ill-reputed breed in the house with a child. My answer? For the same reason that I travel by car with Jake—the quality of life it brings us both is worth the risks. As Janice Bradley points out so well in her book “Dogs Bite But Umbrellas and Slippers are More Dangerous,” dogs are statistically a much safer bet than toys, playgrounds, caregivers, and, of course, car transport, which is hands down the biggest unnecessary threat

to our kid’s lives, one which we nonetheless impose on them daily. When I watch my son hug his “Daa,” sneak his dinner to her under the highchair, and look for her as soon as he comes home from daycare, I know I’ve made the right choice. And I think Charlotte concurs. She’s taken to curling up next to his car seat on long journeys, despite plenty of room to sit elsewhere, and falling asleep alongside him—his little fist resting snugly on her big head. In fact, Charlotte seems to like most of her new life with our new addition, especially his generous attitude toward sharing food and toys. There is, of course, always room for improvement. Charlotte has suggested we get in gear teaching Jake a more reliable sit stay, gentler mouth, and to go potty on command. We may be new parents but we’re old pros at puppy rearing, so I know we’ll manage just fine. n

WHO SAYS BABIES AND DOGS CAN’T MIX?

Did you miss the precursor to this piece? Visit moderndogmagazine.com to read Jennifer Messer’s account of preparing her dog Charlotte for the arrival of an infant in “Pregnancy, Babies, and the Family Dog.” In this article, Jennifer, a behaviourist-trainer-vet, prepares her Pit Bull for the imminent arrival of an infant while reassuring her mother of her sanity. moderndogmagazine.com/babiesandbullies

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Make safety a priority when travelling with Fido this summer. SturdiBag is the perfect pet carrier, whether you are traveling by plane, train, automobile, or foot. Ultra-light, solid, and available in multiple styles and sizes, this machine-washable carrier is the ultimate in comfort for both you and your pup. From $74, SturdiProducts.com

Floppy hats, zinc oxide, and beach umbrellas—us humans are covered when it comes to sun protection, but what about our pups? My Dog Nose It is a safe, natural, water resistant and paraben-free sun protector created just for dogs. It not only protects your pup’s sensitive skin, but soothes, heals, and moisturizes, too! $13, MyDogNoseIt.com

Who hasn’t wished for a third arm when heading out on an adventure with Fido? Juggling leash, keys, phone, coffee, and then adding a full poop bag to the mix can lead to chaos! Do yourself a favour and attach a Doggie Did hands-free waste carrier to your dog’s leash and use it to carry the bags until you reach the closest trash can. $10, DoggieDid.com

Protecting your dog is a breeze with this spray on sunscreen with Aloe Vera from Warren London. It not only protects your dog's most vulnerable areas from harmful sun exposure, it moisturizes their skin and coat too. $13, WarrenLondon.com

dog trip!

Essential gear for your summer road trip!

Travel, fireworks, party guests… summer can be stressful for our furry friends. Give your dog relief with anxiety-busting Pet Remedy Calming Spray. Spray the unique and effective—check out the testimonials!—blend of 100% natural essential oils on clothes or bedding to immediately ease your dog’s anxiety. The $35 Calming Spray Pack includes a handy mini travel spray! PetRemedyUSA.com

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Unrestrained, unsafe car rides are a thing of the past thanks to the FidoRido. This quick and easy-to-use 3-in-1 booster seat and restraint system for dogs up to 30 pounds (or two dogs totalling 30 pounds) installs easily with your car’s seat belt, keeping your dog safe and secure. Your dog can stand, sit, lie down, and look out the window when restrained (harness provided)! And it also does double duty as a dog bed and a pet bathtub! $110, FidoPetProducts.com


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INSPIRE

Wildly Sustainable Concerned with conservation, a biotechnologist creates sustainably sourced Omega-3 powerhouse supplements you can feel great about giving your dog.

W

hen Harald Fisker, a Danish-born biotechnologist, was travelling in Alaska in the late nineties for his career in fish processing, he kept hearing stories that disturbed him. Large boats moving through northern waters were not able to get out of harbour because of the large piles of fish waste. Harald had encountered a similar problem when he worked in Norway: the body of the fish was processed but the rest of it—the head, tail, and frame— was discharged into the sea. “It’s big pollution and an enormous waste, and it’s not really necessary,” observes Harald. “You can’t use all of the fish but you can use most of it.” Seeing an opportunity to make the fish processing industry more sustainable and help the environment at the same time, Harald left the corporate world where he had worked for several decades and started his own business, Grizzly Pet Products, a company that takes surplus, human-grade fish parts and transforms them into high quality supplements for dogs and cats. “Dogs, especially large dogs, have always been close to my heart,” says Harald, adding, “I love shepherds; I

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grew up with them.” Wanting to make the highest quality products possible, Harald even designed and built his own plants in Alaska. There, he extracts oil and meal from human quality fish products. The oil and meal is then packaged in his own facilities in Washington state. “It is important to me that I know from source to customer what we are doing,” he explains. One of the cornerstone products for Grizzly Pet Products— named for the massive bear that thrives on wild salmon—is their Wild Alaskan Salmon Oil. It is rich in omega-3 fatty acids such as EPA and DHA, which play a vital role in pet health. Aside from producing a healthy skin and coat, fatty acids support cardiovascular, immune, and cognitive functions. Fish oils are an excellent source of omega-3 fatty acids for pets because they are readily absorbed. Fatty acids found in plant sources such as flax seed must be converted by the pet’s metabolism before they can be taken up, and a significant amount of nutrients are lost in the process. Harald, who has a Masters degree in biotechnology, is


It’s big pollution and an enormous waste, and it’s not really necessary,” observes Harald. “You can’t use all of the fish but you can use most of it. adamant about using only wild Alaskan salmon that forage on a diverse array of nutrient-rich organisms. “Farmed salmon these days have a totally different composition than the wild salmon that still feed in the ocean,” notes Harald. He says farmed salmon are fed vegetable oils, which are higher in omega-6 fatty acids than in omega-3s. The scientist estimates it takes up to 40 percent more farmed salmon oil to yield the amount of omega-3s found in the wild-sourced product. In addition to Wild Salmon Oil, Harald produces the more economical Wild Pollock Oil. “It’s a very good alternative if you want to supplement your pet’s food with something that will keep the coat nice, and away from dryness and itchiness,” he comments, “but it is not quite as high in the omega-3 profile as the salmon oil.” Harald says it is also beneficial to alternate the two products. While the biotechnologist sources his wild salmon and pollock from Alaska, he gets another of his key ingredients— krill—from Antarctica. For several years, Harald had heard about the powerful antioxidant properties of Antarctic krill but was reluctant to use it because he knew the tiny crustacean was a primary food source for many large Antarctic animals such as whales, seals, birds, and fish. He consulted the major companies that harvest krill in moderndogmagazine.com

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D WIL N MO SAL R FO LTH HEA

Antarctica and discovered that they adhered to standards set forth by internationally recognized groups such as the World Wildlife Fund (WWF) and the Commission for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources (CCAMLR). The latter limits the amount of krill being caught to protect all aspects of the Antarctic ecosystem. “The biomass in the Antarctic is enormous, and it is just a tiny fraction that is being caught,” explains Harald, adding, “They are taking less than one percent of the re-growth of krill per year.” When he was certain the harvesting of Antarctic krill was sustainable, the biotechnologist incorporated it into two of his products, Grizzly Krill Oil and Grizzly Joint Aid. Wild krill contains a substance called Astaxanthin, which produces the arthropod’s deep red colour. Astaxanthin is a powerful antioxidant that fights free radicals detrimental to pet health. Harald notes his krill oil for pets contains a high amount of this potent antioxidant, up to eight times more than that found in krill oil supplements for people. Wild Antarctic krill oil is also an important part of the biotechnologist’s joint supplement, Grizzly Joint Aid. While this product contains standard ingredients such as glucosamine and chondroitin, substances that have been shown to support tissues and cartilage, the wild Antarctic krill oil facilitates absorption of all nutrients. This is especially important for senior pets, whose digestion slows as they age. Recently, Harald has diversified and added a “super food” to his line of high-quality supplements. The first and primary ingredient of the pet food is, not surprisingly, wild Alaskan salmon. Harald feels proud to be putting this precious resource, previously being wasted, to good use. Looking back on his early days in the fish processing industry, the biotechnologist says that perhaps 60 percent of the fish was used. “Maybe we are going closer to using 89 percent all the time,” Harald reflects, adding, “That feels good.” n

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SUMMER BUMMERS Hidden dog dangers

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ummer, with its sunshine, beach romps, and fresh emerald grass, seems a dog’s paradise, but the summer season actually poses the most dangers to our pets. The biggest culprit of them all is the sun, leading to scorched paws, sunburns, heatstroke, and even loss of life. Every year, lives are lost due to extreme heat in cars. Heat can rise rapidly in cars—on a sunny day, temperatures rise about 10°C (50°F) above the temperature outside within 10 minutes, San Francisco State University meteorologist Jan Null tells The Globe and Mail. After 30 minutes it's 19°C (66°F) hotter in a car than it is outside. “It's a lot hotter than most people think,” Null says. “On a 27° C (80°F) day, the dashboard can be 82°C (180°F) or hotter.” Since dogs and children are smaller on average than their parents, their core temperature can increase three to five times faster than that of an adult. So if you’re running errands, leave your dog at home—everything has a way of taking longer than you expect it to. The sun can also wreck havoc on your dog’s sensitive paws. The surface of an asphalt road can get as hot as 60°C (140° F) on a hot summer day. Would you want to walk barefoot on that? If you live somewhere hot, protect your dog’s feet with a pair of dog booties. Muttluk’s, for instance, makes weatherproof boots that afford great protection against the sun and do double duty, protecting your pup’s paws from salt and ice in the winter. And sunburns for dogs are real. Just because dogs have fur coats doesn’t mean they are protected from burns. Thincoated and light-coloured dogs are particularly vulnerable, and the delicate noses and ears of all dogs are susceptible to the sun’s harsh rays. The University of Saskatchewan

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advises the use of pet-specific sunscreens only, not human sunscreens, which can contain ingredients that are harmful to dogs, such as zinc oxide, octyl salicylate, and ethylhexyl salicylate. Warren London Dog Sunscreen, which is nontoxic and contains moisturizing aloe vera, is a great choice. And be sure to keep your dog hydrated with plenty of water. The American Kennel Club warns to be aware of signs of dehydration, including reduced energy levels, panting, loss of appetite, dry nose and gums, and sunken, dry-looking eyes. Water can be dangerous as well—an alarming number of dogs drown in swimming pools every year. Install a pet ramp, such as Skamper Ramp, in your pool so that your pup can climb out if she falls in, and prevent your dog from reaching the water unsupervised in the first place with a pet enclosure or gate. Lucky Dog Pet Kennels provide enclosures that put an emphasis on dog safety, great for even for “escape artist” dogs like Huskies. (They also make kennels with roofs to provide shelter and protect against UV protection.) If your dog ever does escape your house, yard or petsitter, you can be prepared for that as well. (The American Humane Association estimates that ten million dogs and cats are lost or stolen in the U.S. every year.) Set up your pup with a Help4Pets ID tag. These easy-to-spot ID tags are like a 911 call for your pet—if someone finds your dog and calls the number, they’re connected with a team of specialists who will contact you and help in any emergency. You can ensure that medical treatment is authorized in case your pet is found injured and you can’t be located, or they can provide emergency vet referrals if your vet is unavailable or if you are travelling. With nothing to plug in or scan, you can ensure that help for your dog is just a phone call away!


BODY & SOUL

REST WON'T FIX THIS PROBLEM!

5

SIGNS THAT YOUR DOG HAS AN ACL INJURY By Dr. Michael King

Football, hockey and soccer players are not the only ones to get sidelined due to knee problems. Just like athletes, dogs can end up with a cruciate ligament injury. In fact, cruciate damage is the second most common orthopedic condition found in dogs after hip dysplasia, and is the most frequently operated orthopedic condition in our canine friends.

off lameness over weeks or months. They might seem to get better with rest, but then become lame again as they become more active.

Just like in people, there are two cruciate ligaments within the dog’s knee, and they form a cross (which is where the name “cruciate” comes from). In both people and dogs, the front part of the cross is the ligament that gets injured, except in our fourlegged friends, it’s known as the “cranial” cruciate ligament—so technically, though frequently referred to as ACL, it is correctly abbreviated to CCL.

3. Lameness & stiffness in both back legs: Although it’s usually noticed as a lameness on one leg first, about 60 percent of patients that have a CCL injury will go on to get one in the other knee within two years. If the two injuries happen at the same time and both knees are affected at once, the dog may seem to be “stiff” in the hind end, or be reluctant to go for their normal walks or get up at all.

The other difference is that ACL injuries in people are usually traumatic sporting injuries. In dogs this is not the case. Instead, the ligament gradually becomes weaker over time, partly due to genetics. This is why we see it so commonly in certain breeds. Normal activity can then cause the weakened ligament to tear without any unusual force or injury. The CCL primarily prevents the shin bone (tibia) from shifting forward and the thigh bone (femur) from shifting backwards. An injury causes instability of the joint, resulting in discomfort, and the following common signs: 1. Lameness: This can come on without warning when the weakened ligament gives way as the dog is running or playing. They can suddenly be so uncomfortable that they will not put the foot down at all. Alternatively, some dogs show a gradually worsening, on-and-

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2. Sitting abnormally: They may sit or lie with their leg sticking out to the side rather than tucked in like normal, as it hurts to bend the knee.

4. Knee thickening & swelling: CCL injuries cause inflammation and swelling in the knee and over time scar tissue develops. This makes the injured side look bigger than the normal knee. 5. Clicking: Walking on the unstable knee puts more stress on other structures in the joint. The meniscus, a shock-absorbing pad of cartilage, can easily become torn or injured due to the knee moving in an abnormal way. It sometimes creates an audible “click” in the knee that can be heard when going on a walk. A meniscus injury is quite uncomfortable so there is typically a significant lameness as well as the clicking. Treatment: Since the CCL becomes injured due to it being too weak, it unfortunately will not heal with rest or medication. Though the scar tissue that forms around the knee over time does help, the only way to truly resolve the lameness is with surgery. Thankfully this is usually very effective, and with current surgical procedures such as the “TPLO” or “TTA”, even extremely large dogs can get back to being active and comfortable.


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BODY & SOUL

What's the Difference Between Raw, Dehydrated, Freeze Dried, and Air Dried Dog Food, Anyway? Confused by the options out there? We explain dog food prep styles so you can decide what’s best for your pup! 60 moderndog

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Raw dog food Raw dog food is fresh food in its natural state, i.e. uncooked and unprocessed. Proponents of this diet believe that dogs thrive by eating what canines ate before they were domesticated—largely raw meat and no grains. Raw muscle meat forms the foundation of a raw food diet. Added organ meat provides the multi-vitamins, ground bone offers calcium, and fresh vegetables like kale or broccoli provide the veg dogs would have gotten from the stomach of the prey animals they consumed. Raw dog food is frequently frozen—just defrost to feed your dog.

Recommendation: Try Primal’s Raw Frozen Mixes, made of organic raw meat (chicken, lamb, sardine, beef or turkey) and incorporating fresh ground bone for calcium and certified organic produce for additional fiber, vitamins, and minerals. Find it at primalpetfoods.com.

Dehydrated raw dog food Raw food can also be dehydrated. Dehydration involves a slow,

gentle process of using warm air to remove water or moisture from raw ingredients to preserve them. It is free of artificial preservatives and still has nutrients and enzymes intact. Dehydrated dog food offers the benefits of a raw diet with none of the defrosting hassle, making it ideal for camping or travelling, as dehydrated food is lighter and more nutrient dense than frozen raw, and does not require refrigeration.


Recommendation: Try Gutsy, an awesome all natural, grain-free, gently dehydrated dog food. It’s made from antibiotic and hormone-free chicken or salmon and trout, plus organic fruits and vegetables. Bonus: it contains ingredients specifically designed for preventative and protective gut health so it’s great for your dog’s digestion. Find it at crumps.ca.

Freeze Dried raw dog food Freeze-drying, like dehydration, is a water removal process which is used to preserve perishable food. While dehydration uses warm air to remove moisture, however, freeze-drying works by a three step process: a freezing phase (lowering the temperature until all liquid in the product turns to solid), a primary drying/sublimation phase (reducing pressure to reduce the water in the material), and a secondary drying/absorption phase (raising the temperature to break the bonds between the material and water molecules). Freeze drying preserves more of the nutritional content of the food than dehydrating, as proteins, vitamins, and minerals stay intact due to freezing before drying.

Recommendation: We love Primal Pet Food’s natural, raw freeze-dried formulas, such as the delicious duck, lamb, and rabbit nuggets! Check it out at primalpetfoods.com

Air Dried raw dog food The process of air-drying food, like dehydration and freezedrying, also involves removing moisture from raw ingredients to help preserve the perishable material. It is similar to dehydration but does not include the addition of heat, further minimizing damage to proteins, vitamins, nutrients, and enzymes.

Recommendation: Ziwi uses this gentle process to make nutrient-dense, glycerin free food and snacks—in their own facility no less! Try their super-healthy air-dried mackerel and lamb & venison formulas! Available at ziwipets.com

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BODY & SOUL Third-grader Invents Revolutionary Dog Dryer All dog people are familiar with the trial and tribulations of the dreaded B-word: Bath Time. If wiggling, whining, and water everywhere weren’t enough to make you throw in the towel, next comes attempting to dry off a soaking wet dog. A third-grader step up to the plate to solve this problem. As a school project, Marissa Streng was tasked with coming up with an original invention. The then nine-year old looked to her furry family member, Mojo the Pug, for inspiration. Mojo disliked being dried off and Mojo’s family disliked the resulting wet-dog smell and damp furniture, so Marissa’s goal was to invent a quick-drying solution that Mojo couldn’t run away from. The result is the ingeniously simple and effective Puff-N-Fluff. This revolutionary dog dryer is essentially a rectangular piece of material with elastic leg holes that easily fastens around your dog from head to tail. Just attach a hair dryer to the flex-hose and let warm air completely engulf and circulate around your pooch until they are nice and dry. The Puff-N-Fluff can also be used to warm up after chilly walks and remove icicles from fur in winter, making it a solution for all seasons. Way to go, Marissa! Available in sizes from XS – L. From $35, TheDogDryer.com

MD ResuPoll lts

18%

of Modern Dog readers would feed their dog meat grown in a lab.

Get Social With Your Dog! New social media site is designed especially for dogs and the people who love them

Today’s world is extremely connected. Most of us are on at least one social media platform, whether Facebook, Twitter, Instagram, Snapchat or one of the multitude of other social offerings. We can quickly and easily reach out to our friends and even make new ones, tweeting, snapping, ‘gramming, and messaging updates and activities. Our pups, however, were previously left out. Although most dogs are social creatures, it’s not always easy for them to find a doggy playmate. Dog owners wanting to facilitate playdates for their dogs or even make social connections with likeminded dog lovers had few options. Until now—Bond.Dog is a new, innovative social media platform especially for dogs, designed to connect new doggie friends and give dog owners a place to share pictures and videos of their dogs without feeling like they're bombarding Facebook friends and colleagues with dog photos. On top of this, Bond.Dog lets you message other dog lovers, shop in a dog-product-focused marketplace, and find dog-friendly places and businesses on the “bond map,” where you can meet-up with social pups and their people. Online meets good old in-person offline interaction! In an era that is so easy to facilitate social engagement online, your dog deserves to join in on the fun! Check out bond.dog to register—it’s totally free!

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SPECIAL PROMOTION

NATURAL DOG

Products to enhance a healthy canine lifestyle

A Hipster Hound is a fun-loving, free-spirit with impeccable taste. Therefore, a Hipster Hound expects only fresh, all-natural pet treats – just like you would bake in your own kitchen. These handmade treats are made with all-natural and responsibly sourced ingredients that are freshbaked and dehydrated for freshness. HipsterHound.net

Green Coast Pet had your dog’s health in mind when creating their line of healthy and unique treats and hemp-based products. The chews offer benefits beyond the standard baked hemp biscuit due to the cold-extrusion process used and include a unique SuperBlend of other beneficial ingredients to enhance overall wellness. GreenCoastPet.com

Give your pup the power of plants! V-dog’s New Blueberry Wiggle Biscuits are 100% vegan, USDA organic, and packed with delicious superfoods like coconut, kale, buckwheat, and blueberries. Their coconut-y smell and simple, allergen-free ingredients make them perfect for reward-based training or as a healthy and tasty anytime snack. v-dog.com

Before deciding to use harsh chemical dips to treat mange, consider All-Natural GOODWINOL OINTMENT—the safe alternative. The dog lovers at Goodwinol Products are proud to offer an all-natural product that can be used by both veterinarians and owners alike to keep their dog’s skin in optimum health. goodwinol.com

From $39.99. I’M-YUNITY for Dogs. Improve your dog’s immunity and quality of life with I’m-Yunity. It’s the only clinically proven medicinal mushroom extracts of Coriolus versicolor. I’m-Yunity contains proprietary and standardized extracts to help to reduce pain and fatigue while improving energy levels, mobility, and appetite. Learn about clinical results at ImYunityForDogs.com and use code “moderndog” for a 5% discount!

Summer is here! Tick infestations are on the rise. Timely tick removal is vital in preventing disease transmission to pets! Be prepared to remove ticks quickly, safely & easily – on the spot! The selfenergizing TickZapper gently stuns & removes the entire tick (including mouthparts) without risk of human contact! TickZapper.com

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BODY & SOUL

NEW PET TEST DETERMINES THE CAUSE OF YOUR DOG’S ALLERGIES Do you suspect your dog has allergies but are unsure what exactly is to blame? If your dog is constantly scratching, eating her paws raw or otherwise seems miserable, allergies could be to blame. But is it environmental? Your dog’s diet? Something else entirely? Zeroing in on the cause can be frustrating for dog parents who are desperate to ease their dog’s symptoms. Traditionally, food allergies are ruled out with a laborious weeks-long elimination diet, but a new service, the Affordable Pet Test, gives insight much faster. This non-invasive allergy test uses the latest diagnostic technology to locate the source of a dog's allergy or intolerance symptoms. By testing a few strands of your dog's fur, the Affordable Pet Test can help you figure out what is causing your dog’s discomfort and provide answers regarding the degree of severity of the allergy. Results are provided in seven to ten business days, allowing you to make the dietary or environmental changes necessary to address the issue. Order your kit for $125 at AffordablePetTest.com.

Give Your Dog A Natural Immunity Boost! Your dog’s immune system is an impressive powerhouse, working hard every day to fight off harmful pathogens, viruses, and parasites. At the same time, this marvelous system also makes sure your dog’s cells are working properly, keeping a check on whether they are aging or reproducing too rapidly. With such a busy immune system, your dog can use all the help she can get! Enter Purica’s Immune Pet supplement, designed to help your pup fight off any disease, illness, or infection that may come her way. This all-natural supplement strengthens your dog’s natural immune response to illness through a nature-inspired blend of the medicinal herb Ashwagandha and eight micronized mushrooms. In addition to supporting immunity, this detoxifying and energy boosting supplement also helps to optimize your dog’s overall health! Find it at purica.com.

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Hear For Good A non-profit transforms two lives with every canine-person pairing For nearly 40 million Americans who experience hearing loss, day-to-day life can be frustrating, lonely, or even dangerous. Making a difference? Dogs. International Hearing Dog Inc., a nonprofit organization founded in 1979, trains hearing assistance dogs and pairs them with hard-of-hearing individuals. In doing so, they transform not one but two lives. For the deaf or hard of hearing recipient, life is easier and less isolating. Their dogs act as their ears, listening and alerting to alarm, doorbells, and dangers. The assistance dog gets a new “leash” on life as well: all the dogs in the program are rescued from local animal shelters. This also frees up space in the shelters for other dogs in need. Even better? Dogs are trained and matched to their new homes all at no cost to the recipient. To date, the organization has trained more than 1,300 professionally certified Hearing Dogs. They hope to train many more dogs and continue improving the lives of deaf and hardof-hearing individuals. If you’d like to help them continue their great work, consider giving the gift of a donation at hearingdog.org and help turn around two lives with this amazing program!


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BODY & SOUL

Explain That Buzzword

I

The lowdown on probiotics and why they can improve your dog’s health

f you’ve ever wondered what probiotics are and why gut health is increasingly thought to be important for overall health, you’re not alone. The buzzword “probiotics” is thrown around a lot lately, with TV commercials and dairy-aisle packaging routinely touting their benefits. But what exactly are probiotics, and what do they have to do with health and wellness? Basically, probiotics are good bacteria that help keep digestive tracts happy. Lest the word “bacteria” scare you off, there are in fact types of bacteria that are good for you, and probiotics fall into this category. Simply put, probiotics are live microorganisms, usually bacteria and yeasts, which are similar to microorganisms that are found in the gut, and therefore promote good gut health. (The word “probiotic” derives from the Greek word “pro,” meaning “promoting,” and “bio,” meaning “life.”) Because probiotics are similar to the hard-working microorganisms found in the gut, consuming food or supplements that are probiotic-rich is excellent for the gut health of both people and dogs. It can prevent or treat gastrointestinal conditions such as irritable bowel syndrome, as well as improve overall wellness—gut health is increasingly thought to have far reaching effects and has even been linked to Alzheimer’s. Cardiologist turned autoimmunity/microbiome expert Dr. Steven Gundry reports that almost all of his (human) patients who suffer from memory loss also have underlying gut issues. (The canine

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version of Alzheimer’s is Canine Cognitive Dysfunction.) So where can you find probiotics? For people, think supplements, dairy products such as yogurt and kefir, or naturally fermented foods including sauerkraut and kimchi. Though pup’s can safely enjoy plain, unsweetened, live culture yogurt (try adding some to your dog’s dinner!), probiotic supplements formulated specifically for dogs are best; this way, you can be sure that the probiotics survive long enough to benefit your dog’s digestive tract. Where else can you find probiotics? Increasingly, they’re being used in non-food products, from kitty litter to dog-bed fabrics, where they fight odours naturally. They’re also making a welcome appearance in grooming products too. Skout’s Honour has a new grooming line called Probiotic Skin Care For Pets that contains probiotics to improve skin health and naturally protect your dog’s coat. The topical probiotics in their shampoos and conditioners reduce inflammation and boost the skin’s natural defenses, reducing shedding and solving skin problems like itching and hot spots. It’s probiotics for the win, inside and out!

Bonus Term! Prebiotics are like food for probiotics. These non-digestible carbohydrates give probiotics the best chance for survival as they move through the stomach. Good sources include bananas and whole grains!


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HOW TO BE FLEA AND TICKFREE THIS SUMMER 3 steps to keeping pests and parasites at bay. By Nicole Kallish, grooming expert and Andis Education Manager

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or your dog’s wellbeing and happiness, it’s extremely important to keep him free from parasites such as fleas and ticks, which can pose serious health risks to your pet. Fleas and ticks feed off the host animal’s blood—in this case, your dog—transferring dangerous microorganisms, which can cause Lyme disease (a tissue disease) or Rocky Mountain spotted fever and Anaplasmosis (both infections of the blood), among others. In some regions with cooler climates, like northern and midwestern states, these parasites are prevalent in spring and summer. However, in warmer southern states they’re a year-round problem. Here are the three keys to keeping your pup happy, healthy, and parasite free!

Detection Of Parasites: Know The Signs

Excessive licking or chewing, hotspots, restlessness, and, in severe cases, anemia, can all be signs that parasites are present. • FLEAS. Look for fleas with a flea comb. This specialty comb has thin, narrowly spaced tines designed to collect these tiny, brown, fast-moving insects. They do not fly but they are serious jumpers. Fleas can be anywhere on the pet, and you will see flea droppings on the skin resembling small specks of pepper. Another sign your pet has fleas is that the skin can appear red and irritated, usually from the flea bites and the scratching that follows. • TICKS. Ticks look like a spider. They have eight legs and range from about the size of a sesame seed to around ¼ inch when fully engorged. Ticks can be anywhere on your dog but pay special attention to the ears, between the paw pads and the anal area. You are most likely to find ticks by feeling them under your pet’s fur. On the skin you may see a red “bullseye mark,” which is a sure sign that a tick had attached and was feeding. The skin can become irritated, making the pet scratch. If a tick has attached to your pet, see your vet.

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Prevention Of Parasites

• Chemical. There are sprays, which can be used on surfaces such as couches, floor boards, dog beds, and in the yard as well as topical solutions, which you will apply to dog’s fur. These contain insecticides to kill the fleas or ticks. Oral preventatives, prescribed by a veterinarian, are given to the pet monthly. Each has its own side effects so it is best to consult with your veterinarian to determine what you should be using. • Natural. There are a wide range of natural sprays, powders, and oral parasite preventatives. Sprays usually have an essential oil component, which can kill or deter pests. Powders sometimes include diatomaceous earth along with natural oils made in powder form. Oral natural preventatives come in many forms, such as tablets or treats. Consult your veterinarian to determine the right choice for your pet. • Environment. If you live in an area where fleas and ticks are a problem, it’s a good idea to treat both inside and outside of your home in addition to treating your dog. If you take your dog in your car, it’s a good idea to treat there too.

Importance Of Grooming

Whether it’s at home or at the groomer’s, one of the easiest and most effective ways to detect and eradicate parasites year-round is grooming. A regular grooming routine for your dog is not only an essential part of their overall health, it’s also a great way to bond and deepen you relationship. To make grooming effective and efficient, using the right tools is key. • Comb & brush. This not only keeps your pup looking great but it’s a key part of finding those pesky parasites. Slicker brushes work well on thick, short-to-medium length coats such as on the Labrador Retriever or the Pomeranian. Pin brushes are great for dogs with a more delicate long coat, such as on the Yorkshire Terrier or the Afghan Hound. Use a flea comb. This specialized tool will help rid your dog of fleas. • Know parasite hideouts. Regularly inspecting “hideout” areas such as the paw pads and genital areas is always a good idea. Similarly, inspecting and cleaning ears regularly helps. • Do the summer shave down. Depending on your dog’s coat (breeds that have a double coat should not be shaved as their insulating coat actually keeps them cool in the summer and protects from pests), a short trim or a summer shave down can be a great way to keep that hair manageable so that the brushing, maintenance, and parasite detection is much easier. This can be done at the groomer or at home. If you are doing this at home, try using clipper attachment combs over the blade to achieve a cute stylish trim ranging in length from around 5/8 of an inch to 1¼ inches long. Awesome at-home grooming resource: For free grooming tips visit andisgroomingcollege.com. moderndogmagazine.com

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HERO DOGS

Meet seven amazing canine heroes demonstrating remarkable bravery and unwavering loyalty and commitment. All seven are among those nominated in this year’s Hero Dog Awards. The 2018 winners will be named September 29th at a star-studded gala in Beverly Hills. A broadcast will air on the Hallmarl Channel later this fall!

E DOG

LAW E NFORC

EMENT

DOG

PHOTO CHRIS SMITH OF IVEY PHOTOGRAPHY

SERVIC

SHEEVA [Charity Partner] K9s4Cops [Sponsor] K-9 Courage Program from Zoetis [Location] Russellville, Alabama

SD GUNNER [Charity Partner] Alpha Bravo Canine [Sponsor] Modern Dog magazine [Location] Richmond Hill, Georgia Douglas Kinard served 20 years in the US Army. Following his service in Iraq, he was classified 100-percent disabled with total body nerve damage, a Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) and Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). Altogether, he was diagnosed with 43-plus injuries before being honourably discharged in 2010. Enter Gunner, a four-year old Great Pyrenees mobility-assistance and PTSD service dog. Gunner and Douglas were partnered in 2013, and “Gunner has given me a new life," Douglas shares. “I have periods where my legs and arms randomly cooperate with the rest of my body. This is where Gunner comes in. Gunner is trained to assist me in the same manner as a cane. I push against him to stand from a seated position. I hold on to his harness so he can pull me up. He pulls my wheelchair when my legs aren’t working, and licks me on the face to distract me when anxiety gets the best of me. He also watches my back and alerts me when someone is approaching from behind and creates a safe space around me so that people do not violate my personal space. Gunner has given me back the want to live.” In 2014, Gunner became the first mobility assistance TBI Service Dog to be approved by the Department of Veterans Affairs in the Southeast Georgia Coastal Region. “Overall, Gunner has given me back my ability to feel independent therefore allowing me to be more involved with my children and my marriage,” Douglas says. “I would not be here if it weren’t for Gunner. Gunner is my hero and my battle buddy. I cannot do life without him.”

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Unlike most police K-9s, Sheeva wasn’t born and bred to be a law enforcement service dog. In fact, she grew up on the streets of Texas, abandoned and alone. Near starvation and riddled with fleas and ticks, she was saved just in time by a wonderful lady near the outskirts of San Antonio. After being rehabilitated, she eventually found a foster home, but was neglected. Due to her Pitbull breed mix she was continually overlooked by numerous adoptive families and, after time, was placed in a Houston area animal shelter. For many dogs, this sadly would have been the end of the road, but a beautiful partnership between Animal Farm Foundation and Universal K9 proved her saviour: Sheeva was accepted into their narcotic detection dog program. She completed her rigorous training and was placed with an officer in Alabama where she currently works and lives, becoming the state’s first and only non-specific breed working K-9. Sheeva continues to train and to challenge breed stereotypes. Sheeva is the definition of an American hero dog and is living the American dream: she began with nothing and has become something—a working dog with a purpose.


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OG HERO D

THERA

PY DOG

PHOTO JEN SHANNON

ING EMERG

OSCAR

ODIN [Charity Partner] Goatlandia [Location] Santa Rosa, California

[Charity Partner] Therapy Animal Coalition [Sponsor] Chicken Soup for the Soul Pet Food [Location] Saint Augustine, Florida

During the recent Northern California fires, Roland Tembo and his daughter were awoken with mere minutes to evacuate their home. The flames were swiftly approaching and devouring entire Sonoma County neighbourhoods. Roland gathered his daughter and went to get Odin and Tessa. Odin is a Great Pyrenees dog who, with his sister Tessa, guards the Tembo’s six-goat herd. Odin is extremely bonded with Roland but also incredibly loyal to his flock and refused to leave the herd. He sat down and looked Roland right in the eye as if to say, “I’ll stay and protect them.” He wouldn’t budge. Roland made the very painful decision to leave Odin and the goats in order to save their own lives. Two days later when they were able to return, Roland found Odin fire-singed and dirty, but with six goats, all safe, in the middle of acres of completely decimated burnt land and homes. Roland believes that Odin led the goats to a patch of rocks and kept them safe in the middle of a firestorm. We applaud Odin’s dedication and courage, his incredible bond with his owner Roland, and his duty to protect his flock. He truly is a hero.

Oscar, an 81-pound English Goldendoodle, is certified as a Therapy Dog with Pet Partners. His speciality is visiting the oncology units at both the Adult and Children’s hospitals in Jacksonville, FL. Inpatient oncology patients are the most vulnerable and most have been permanently separated from their animals due to risk of infection and their immune compromised state. At Baptist MD Anderson Hospital, Oscar is their superhero. He wears his Superman cape and flies in and out of patients’ rooms. His paw has held the hand of a dying soul, his coat has caught tears, and his head has been the platform for praying hands. At Wolfson Children’s Hospital, Oscar is the reindeer that leads Santa around and takes over 90 pictures with children. He’s a best friend who watches dog videos with a little girl. He brings the last true smile from a child who won’t see ninth grade. He hugs parents and gives high-fives to every nurse, doctor, and visitor he sees. Oscar loves his job. His only goal in life is to bring happiness to everyone he meets, especially those whose hope has dwindled. His favourite compliments are “You absolutely made my day!” and “That is the only smile I have seen in weeks.”

IN / HEAR GUIDE

G DOG

NATHAN 72 moderndog

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[Charity Partner] Guiding Eyes for the Blind [Location] Marietta, Georgia Nathan is a guide dog for Megan Dean, who explains here what Nathan means to her: “Nathan and I bonded in August of 2015 after a challenging and adventurous matchmaking process. We are graduates of the Guiding Eyes for the Blind program and despite what most people may think, those that have been through the selection process know that guide dogs chooses their handler…And the blessing is that Nathan chose me! Nathan enables me to live a full and productive life with trust and confidence in him as my sighted companion. With his support, I am able to live independently, maintain a fulltime career, engage in social activities, and take fun-filled vacations. Day over day, he guides me as I take public transportation, cross busy intersections and manoeuvre public places knowing I am safe under his watchful eyes. His relentless patience as he rests under my desk while I work, his ongoing willingness to be of service at a moment’s notice, and his amazing ability to manoeuvre challenging situations most other dogs never encounter make him my Canine Super Hero. For guide dogs, balance is important and I ensure Nathan spends a few hours each day just being a dog. He has endless enthusiasm, loves to play as hard as he works, and is fully energized with the sight of a toy. At the end of the day, we close our eyes content with our partnership and what we have accomplished and look forward to what tomorrow holds. Nathan is my forever hero. He has my heart and I am grateful for his loving spirit and guiding eyes.”


MILITA

COFFEE SEARC

H & RE SCU

DIVA

E DOG

RY DOG

[Charity Partner] SD Gunner Fund [Sponsor] K-9 Courage Program from Zoetis [Location] Waynesville, Missouri Coffee, now retired, was paired with her forever handler and entered into training in April 2006. From the start of her training there was no question that Coffee was stubborn, but she was also affectionate and had a passion to please. In 2007, Coffee conducted her first of three 12-month deployments to Afghanistan, a deployment that pitted her desire to protect and please against the harsh and unforgiving realities of a combat environment. Regardless of the uncertainties and unfriendliness of the environment, Coffee never wavered. She consistently and willingly placed herself between those she was tasked to protect and the hazards she was trained to find. She served as an explosive working dog for just shy of 10 years in the Army. She supported countless missions during her 36 months deployed in Afghanistan as well as a multitude of explosive sweeps for local authorities, community events, VIPs, dignitaries, and the Secret Service. Regardless of the work Coffee was always ready to lend some love and affection to anyone that was near. No matter how long or hard the mission she was always ready and willing to play and lend her affection to anyone needing a moment of friendship and support.

[Charity Partner] National Disaster Search Dog Foundation [Location] Saint Augustine, Florida Diva, a three-year-old Belgian Malinois, is a Search and Rescue Dog for Los Angeles County Fire Department CA-TF2. Though it’s hard work, she absolutely loves what she does. Diva was in Montecito, CA following the devastating mudslides, searching in mud and debris up to her head. She searched and cleared huge areas for five days straight. Thanks to her training and great sense of smell, her team knew there were no people to be found in her search area, allowing all efforts to be focused on other, smaller areas in order to locate the bodies of those that were swept away. Prior to that, Diva went to Mexico City after the 7.1-magnitude earthquake that struck there. She flew on her first military airplane (C-17) from March Airforce Base into Mexico City. They were greeted by a mob of cameras and people excited to see the team but they still got straight to work. The first collapsed building they came to was an elementary school with people yelling, “she is trapped inside, please help!” Diva was yanking forward to be released; her handler released her collar and she ran full sprint into the building to help the trapped girl. She searched everywhere but there was no one there. They later found out there was never anyone there, it was all frantic miscommunication, but her efforts cleared that building and allowed everyone to move on to search other buildings.

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Take this quiz to see what type of summer adventures best suit your dog, then turn the page to see must-have products tailored to your dog’s personality type!

QUIZ

WHAT’S YOUR DOG’S SUMMER PERSONALITY TYPE?

What type of toy does your dog most respond to? A Anything to play tug with! B Sticks! We can play fetch forever. C Anything that floats! D Not into toys—he likes lounging! 1

2 What is your dog’s favourite environment? A The couch B Forest trails C A puddle or a pool— basically anywhere there’s water! D Starbucks

3 What is your dog’s favourite summer treat? A Hot dogs B Liver snaps

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C Ice cream D The free dog cookies they

sometimes give out at stores 4 What is your dog’s musthave summer accessory? A Bandana (which could also serve as a bib) B Harness C Waterproof Gear D A nice leash and collar 5 If your dog could go anywhere on vacation, where would she choose? A Texas for the BBQ! B Mount Kilimanjaro, or to some other challenging hiking locale C Hawaii, or somewhere with surf and sun! D New York City, baby!

Mostly A’s—PARTY PUP! Your dog likes chilling, visiting with friends and family, and eating. Turn the page to see what you should have on the menu for days like this. Mostly B’s—ADVENTURE POOCH! You and your dog like to get outdoors and explore the paths less travelled. Your dog’s ideal day is spent romping through the wilderness or reaching the summit of your local mountain. Turn the page for products perfect for adventurous pups like yours. Mostly C’s—WATER DOG! Your dog is all about the beach life. If there's a body of water, be it a pool, ocean, or puddle, your dog wants to be in it! Turn the page for some of the safest and best products for a day spent on or by the water. Mostly D’s—CITY HOUND! Nothing suits your dog better than an urban stroll and posting up at a table outside your local café while you enjoy a latte and your dog enjoys the people watching. Turn the page for best products for a chill, urban outing with your pup.


SPECIAL PROMOTION

Pawty in a Box is the first Barkday pawty decor kit for dogs! With six themes to choose from, these kits include all the essentials needed for their big day. PawtyBox.com

Don’t forget your fourlegged drinking buddy this summer! Beer Paws offers a beefy, malty brew made just for dogs. It goes great with their Beer Biscuits—made in partnership with over 50 real craft breweries! BeerPaws.com

Party Pup

This dog is the life of the backyard bash! Keep your dog cool this summer with their own pool from Midlee Designs. Throw in a toy or let them soak! Easy to set up, drain, and store. Splish, splash! Find it on Amazon.com

With fun, handmade, allnatural gourmet treats from Tail Bangers Dog Bakery on offer this summer, your pup will never miss out on the family fun of an outdoor barbecue again! TailBangers.com

Fetch-a-holics rejoice! The iFetch Too provides hours of fetching fun for your ball-chasing pup. This automatic ball launcher features a built-in rechargeable battery and launches the ball 10, 25, and 40 feet! Great for indoor or outdoor use. goifetch.com

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Fun, flirty and ultra-girly, this crocheted knit Lacy Breezy Cover-up Hoodie from Oscar Newman is a perfect addition to your pup’s party wardrobe! Hand-crocheted flowers adorned with sequins complete the fashionista look. OscarNewman.com


SPECIAL PROMOTION

Your adventure dog deserves a delicious post-hike meal! USA sourced and made with all-natural, human-grade ingredients, Portland Pet Food Company's lightweight, BPA-free meal pouches have a two-year shelf life. PortlandPetFoodCompany.com

Casual sophistication meets high-function with the Richmond Commuter Harness from Mission Wild. Featuring premium ripstop, heathered material, reflective trim, and two snap on saddle bags, it’s perfect for an excursion with your pup! Mission-Pets.com

Adventure Pooch For this dog, it's all about outdoor adventures!

Keep your pet safe, comfortable, and stylish with the Buddy Belt harness! The unique lowcut design cradles your dog's chest, minimizing pressure on the neck and spine. Available in many sizes and colours with the accessories to match. Buddy-Belts.com

Always be prepared with the multi-season Rain Slicker by Chilly Dogs! With a perfect fit for every size, it offers 100% wind and water protection. Carefully crafted in Canada. ChillyDogs.com

Is it really summer if you don’t get a little dirty? The WetPet towel is a super absorbent, biodegradable and disposable single-use towel that helps eliminate any cross-contamination. RayPet.net

Even thrill-seekers need to stay safe! The innovative and ultralight design of the Life Savior from Hurtta North America ensures a comfortable fit with plenty of flexibility in the water. Available in 5 sizes. Hurtta247.com

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SPECIAL PROMOTION

Enjoy stylish safety all summer long with the Paws Aboard Pet Life Jacket! Providing a secure fit, ultimate buoyancy and high visibility, it will ensure your pup’s wellbeing around water. FidoPetProducts.com Keep your dog healthy and engaged with P.L.A.Y.'s Scout & About Toss and Float Toy. Ideal for training, splash games or just plain fun! Available in two sizes and colours on PetPLAY.com

Water DoG Cowabunga! Life's a beach for this water-loving dog

The Il Pellicano collection uses classic colours and details inspired by the Amalfi Coast. From first mate polos to anchor rope toys, your dog can be as yacht club or beach bum as his heart desires! HarryBarker.com

Fido, meet your new floating friends— SEALS from DOOG! Featuring a unique design and material, these toys stay upright in the water, are easy to spot, and look great fetch after fetch. DOOGusa.com

Water dogs, rejoice! American Dog has the toys for you! With plenty of adorable designs to choose from, these floating toys are extremely durable—perfect for hours of fun in the sun. LoveAmericanDog.com

CBD—non-psychoactive cannabinoid in cannabis—can help pets’ anxiety, joint pain, seizures, and more. Gotantler Naturals is proud to offer this allnatural product to help your pet beat the heat and stay in optimum health this summer. GotantlerNaturals.com

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SPECIAL PROMOTION

On Cloud Canine's playful, stylish and comfortable carrier totes have all the functionality you need for outings with your bestie. Available in many colours, with coordinating bow ties! Made in Los Angeles. oncloudcanine.com

Get your pup summer-ready in style with a reversible clipon bandana from Uptown Pups. Each bandana is one of a kind, 100% organic cotton and feature a quick release buckle for easy use. UptownPupsBandanas.com

Give your urban pup protection from hot pavement this summer with Lavasox boots. This pawfriendly design is perfect for desert climates while the ultra-grip sole is great for indoor use, too. Made in Chicago. Saltsox.com

City Hound

The smoothest, most stylish ride for your pets: Petique’s Black Camo Pet Stroller. With a large storage basket, large back pockets, and a cup holder tray—Adventure Awaits! Petique.com

It's summer in the city for the urban pup

Pawdentify ID Tags are easy to read, durable, quiet, and available in numerous vibrant, colorful designs. The included polished stainless steel TagLoc connector easily attaches tags to collar. Visit pawdentify.com. The Wagz Serve Smart Feeder is more than automatic feeding. It delivers the right nutrition at the right time to help your dog maintain his beach bod all summer! Wagz.com

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DOG LIFE

A TIRED DOG IS A GOOD DOG Solve behavioural issues and get your pup into that perfectly sleepy, happy, non-trouble-making zone with these ideas to tire out even the most high-energy breeds!

I

ssues with obesity, destructive behaviour, separation anxiety, excessive barking, attention-seeking, leash pulling, and many other undesirable behaviours often have the same root cause: your dog just isn’t getting enough exercise. The adage “a tired dog is a good dog” generally holds true— dogs need daily physical and mental stimulation in order for them to thrive. Younger, high-energy breeds in particular need an appropriate outlet for all that energy; otherwise your pup might start to feel restless, anxious, or depressed, and is likely to redirect all that excess energy into any manner of unwanted or unhealthy behaviours. The exact amount of exercise your dog needs will of course depend on his breed, temperament, and individual character, but in general, dogs need at least a few hours of daily stimulation so that they can feel tired, happy, and healthy. Unfortunately, many of us fall far short of this benchmark at odds with long work hours and busy schedules. Sometimes there doesn’t seem like there’s enough time in a day to give your dog the exercise he needs. Here’s how to wear out those furry balls of energy when a hike, long walk, or trip to the dog park is out of the question.

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�IFETCH: Have a pup who could just play fetch forever? The iFetch is a dream come true! This award-winning automatic ball launcher can keep a game of fetch going indefinitely. Your dog can play indoors or out, and with you or even by herself! Your pup will delight in this new, never-ending game! Check out cool videos of the ball launcher in action at goifetch.com


�CHUCKIT! FLYING SQUIRREL: Don’t let this

�BIKE TOW LEASH: The awesome bike-leash attachment

adorable, brightly coloured squirrel toy fool you – it’s the perfect aerodynamic shape for slicing through the air in a far flying arc! You’ll be able to tire out your pup in no time with a stimulating game of fetch. Bonus: you won’t be able to lose the toy, either— made of durable material, this Flying Squirrel glows in the dark, and even floats! Find it at petmate.com.

is an ingenious way to safely tire out even the most energetic dogs. Designed by Mike Leon, the Bike Tow Leash is an attachment between your dog’s leash and your bike, giving you the ability to help your dog get a better workout in a much shorter time span. Find it at biketowleash.com.

�GYMS FOR DOGS: The Hill Climb by Gyms for Dogs offers strength training for dogs! This sturdy ramp with safety side rails is designed for outdoor play, combining fresh air and exercise. The Hill Climb provides dogs with the challenge of incline training, helping our furry friends to expend energy while also safely building muscle in the legs and torso. Fabulous for beginning a dog park in your very own backyard! Find it at gymsfordogs.com.

�DOGTREAD: Have difficulty keeping up with your dog’s fast pace? The Dogtread is a godsend for anyone with an impossible-to-tire dog, mobility issues or for when inclement weather makes a run impossible. These treadmills, specifically designed for dogs, will ensure that your pup can get his exercise rain or shine, with or without an athletic or mobile owner! Westminster Kennel Dog Dog Show competitors use these when New York City winter weather keeps them indoors. Find it at dogtread.com. moderndogmagazine.com

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Tug-of-war has been a canine crowdpleaser since the dawn of time and Jolly Pets has provided a well-deserved update for all the energetic tuggers out there: made of durable canvas, this Jolly Tug toy contains a supersized squeaker for supersized fun! From $11, JollyPets.com

Got a mischievous monkey that needs distracting? The interactive burrow toys from ZippyPaws are colourful, fun, and whimsical additions to any pup’s playtime that will keep them occupied for hours! Your dog will love searching out the three squeaky critters hidden inside! $14, ZippyPaws.com

C I F I R R TE ! S Y O T Your dog will go crazy for this crustacean! The Grip & Bite range of toys from Dogline Group is designed to stand up to any wear and tear you can throw at it this summer. Comes in seven fun shapes. $10, DoglineGroup.com

you make Toys to help e summer th the most of ice dern Dog off season—Mo nd approved! a pack tested

Give your resident shoe-chewer an approved, fun alternative with the preppy Boat Shoe toy from Harry Barker. Your dog won’t believe his luck that there’s a shoe—made with durable cotton canvas and soft berber fleece—he’s actually allowed to chew! From $12, HarryBarker.com

Stimulate your dog with a Buster Cube treat toy from Kruuse. This enriching toy combines feeding and playing —just fill with food or treats and let your dog be entertained physically and mentally for hours! $20, Kruuse247.com

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Sick of slobbery fingers and exhausted elbows? The Chuckit! Sport Launcher is a great way to exercise your dog without tiring yourself out! The hands-free pick up and ergonomic handle offer comfort and control—no more bending over to pick up a wet tennis ball!—and since the Chuckit! launches balls two to three times farther than you ever could, your dog can quickly run off steam! From $7, Petmate.com


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Find Your Tribe:

PHOTO LYNNE TAUPIER

Finding new friends— and even romance!— at dog meetups By Tracey Tong

W

hen Buffy Snider met Mike Caruso in 2008, “it was love at first sight,” she says. “We knew right away that we were meant for each other.”

On their second date, Buffy fell in love a second time—with Mike’s eight-month-old Bernese Mountain Dog, Milo. The couple, who married two years later, tried participating in the local dog club but, as it was focused on breeding and showing, found it didn't meet their needs. “I wanted to learn more,” says the instructional designer, “but we didn't show or breed, so there wasn't anything there for us. And they only had two events a year.” Hoping to find others who shared a love for the breed, they started the Colorado Bernese Mountain Dog Meetup in 2011. Based in Littleton, Colorado, the group—which at 590 members, is the world’s largest Berner meetup—meets anywhere from three times a month to four times a weekend, all over the state, says Buffy. “Milo [who has since passed] was a very important part of our family—we formed the group for him and revolved our life around him,” Buffy says. “And we found there were a lot of people like us out there.” People like Alison Lee, who not only met a long-term boyfriend at a dog meetup—her rescue Chihuahua, Ethel, did too. Alison started going to general dog meet ups in New York City “to socialize my dog” in 2008. At one of the first meetups that she and Ethel attended, “another little Chi came around and they started sniffing each other. Ethel didn’t snap at him, which I thought was amazing,” she said. The pair saw that same dog, named Sam, again at the next month’s meetup, at which time, the Chihuahua’s 86 moderndog

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owner, David, came over to introduce himself. “We hit it off,” Alison says. They went out for coffee immediately after that event. “Of course, it helped that our dogs liked each other too. “For the longest time, we jokingly credited the dogs for bringing us together.” Sam and Ethel remained inseparable until Ethel’s death in 2013. Soon after, Alison and her boyfriend split up, but Alison still thinks dog meetups are a great place to meet potential friends and romantic partners. “You automatically have a shared interest,” she says, “and I’ve always thought that dog people tend to be down-to-earth, relaxed.” There are two main kinds of dog meetups—breed-specific meetups, like the one that Buffy and Mike formed, and nonbreed-specific meetups like the one Alison attended, which welcome dogs of all shapes and sizes. When Ashlee Linton’s apricot Standard Poodle Nica was a puppy, she had just moved to Ottawa, Ontario. She found a non-breed-specific dog meetup that conveniently met at the farm that backed onto their property, where dog owners would meet daily after work. Dog meetups were a way to both socialize Nica and for Ashlee to meet people. “I think it’s important for dogs to be around all types of breeds and people, and learn how to interact,” she says. As for the humans, Ashlee became closer with some friends “because of that shared activity,” she says.


INSET PHOTO LEAH WELLS

Toronto, Ontario-based couple Cameron Thompson and Victoria Ferguson chose a breed-specific meetup, the Ridgeback Romps, for their three-year-old Rhodesian Ridgeback, Chuck. Through the group, the trio goes on hikes, spends time outdoors, and meets people with Ridgebacks who enjoy the same pastimes. “The majority of people who own Ridgebacks enjoy the outdoors and trail run or mountain bike with their dogs, so we had a lot in common,” says Victoria. “Typically, when we meet up with other Ridgeback owners it is on the trails—somewhere the dogs can run off leash and get out their energy. We also mix up the trails we go to, so we have learned of whole new trail systems from other dog owners.” The group stays in touch via email and Facebook. There’s often an instant connection with other dog owners, says Cameron. The couple recently moved, and they are already making friends with people they’ve met at their new dog park. “As soon as we saw our first Ridgeback at our new park, we got the owner’s phone number and we’ve gone out a few times since with the dogs,” he said. “I definitely think there is potential to meet long-term friends through dogs,” says Victoria. “Once you meet someone on the trails or at the dog park, you already have dogs and the love for the outdoors in common.”

The San Francisco Chihuahua Meetup has more than 1,800 members connected through their admiration of the diminutive breed, but often, organizer and founder Kate Singleton sees friendships extend beyond just dogs. “People have become friends both within the group and outside,” says Singleton, who owns four Chihuahuas. These include people from different walks of life, who may not have met otherwise— “young adults to retired people, hipsters, families, artists, financial advisors, doctors, lawyers, high-tech workers, insurance brokers, customer service reps. We have people from lower income to the very wealthy.” These people come together not only to share playtime and snacks once a month, but to go to dinner, hold potlucks, parties and swap meets, and get involved with local rescue efforts. “My first impression of dog meetups was that they were a mix of very friendly, compassionate, and knowledgeable people,” says Ottawa, Ontario resident Melinda Roy, who took her Pug, Pandy, to meetups hosted by the Under My Wing Pug rescue starting in 2011. “Some took a few more liberties dressing their Pugs in costume than I personally prefer, but everything was in good fun. There's something completely ridiculous and fun about being in a room full of Pugs. There's so much snorting! You can't look around

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without smiling.” Under My Wing’s meetups include vendors, information, grooming services, and even professional portrait services. Dogs are allowed to roam off-leash and socialize freely. Although Pandy passed away recently, Melinda continues to find commonalities and connections with other dog owners. “We've met fellow Pug people who have also adopted from Under My Wing, and had great conversations talking about our experiences with the group,” she says. Breed loyalty is real, says Buffy. She and Mike initially wanted a group where people could just have fun together with their Berners, but instead, found some true friends and

Find out how!

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great connections with other Bernese owners from all over the state. Whether they are hanging at the dog park, hiking, camping, taking train rides, fundraising, holding parties or enjoying lunch or beer on dog-friendly patios, group members always have a great time, she says. Milo passed away three years ago but his legacy and the friendships live on. Buffy and Mike now have two more Berners, Little, and Mora. For Buffy, the group was not only fun, but life-changing. “When I met my now-husband and Milo, my life changed for the better,” she said. “Knowing that we have an amazing network of literally hundreds of people with the same love of Bernese Mountain Dogs is incredible. I know I'll have these friends forever.” n

Are brief nods from others out walking their pups just not cutting it? Dog meetups are a great way to let your pup socialize while making new friends (and perhaps even getting a date!) in one fell swoop. Meetup.com allows you to search for what you’re interested in, whether it’s a specific breed or dogs in general, and choose a geographic area and a travel distance limit. Depending on your location, a quick search can yield dozens of groups which hold events that you can indicate interest in and choose to attend. No luck finding what you’re looking for? Form your own Meetup Group and watch the members roll in.

PHOTO LYNNE TAUPIER

Breed loyalty is real.


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TRAINING

PETTING WARS: DOG-DOG AGGRESSION IN THE HOME AND WHAT TO DO ABOUT IT By Nicole Wilde

My dogs have a tenuous relationship that can erupt into violence, keeping everyone in my home on edge. One of the triggers is when I'm paying attention to one dog and the other comes over. What can I do to help them get along and create harmony in my home? You, my friend, are a valuable resource! You have managed to be so amazing that each of your dogs wants you all to himself. While that might be flattering, it is also no fun for anyone. I feel your pain because I actually had the same problem myself when we first adopted my second dog. I had to come up with solutions for this, two of which I cover in the “Petting Wars” chapter of my new book, Keeping the Peace: A Guide to Solving Dog-Dog Aggression in the Home. Read on for an excerpt outlining one of these very effective techniques, which I call “You Guard It, You Lose It.” I hope you will find it helpful. When a dog guards his owner and another dog backs down, the guarder is inherently being rewarded. Why would he ever stop the behaviour when it works so well? But what if, instead, the valuable resource were to disappear when he tried to guard it? To put it in a human context, imagine that you love pizza. You certainly do not want anyone coming near your very own yummy slice of heaven, so whenever someone approaches, you tell them to back off. But what if every time you warned someone away, the pizza vanished? How many more times would you say something when someone approached? In no time at all, you would learn that quietly enjoying your pizza even if someone was close by was the best way to keep the prize to yourself. Here’s how to apply the principle to your dogs: At the exact moment your dog pulls the “She’s mine!” routine, say in a

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light voice “Too bad!” and immediately stand up and walk away. There is no need to reprimand your dog or to use a stern voice. The phrase is merely a verbal marker that lets your dog know that was the exact moment he was doing the thing that resulted in the consequence of losing his valuable resource—you. If your dog follows you, ignore him. You are effectively giving him a time out, so you need not ignore him for longer than a minute or two. No talking to, looking at, or interacting with him while he’s being ignored! If necessary because of your home’s layout or for convenience sake, you can instead tether your dog (assuming your dog has been conditioned to a tether ahead of time) to the leg of the couch near you. Pet your dog as you normally would. If another dog approaches and the tethered dog shows guarding behaviours, when you move away, he will be unable to follow. You could even move to the opposite end of the couch out of his reach and give the other dog attention. Imagine the guarder’s surprise! The “You Guard It, You Lose It” technique offers a very clear, easy lesson for dogs to learn, and it is very effective. Think of scenarios in which one of your dogs guards you or your other family members, and formulate a plan. Choose a marker word that everyone will use, and make sure it is used at the exact moment your dog begins to show any guarding behaviour. Be sure everyone knows to stand up and walk away immediately after the word or phrase is spoken. Plan ahead of time where they will move to and for how long. If everyone in the family is on the same page, your dogs will learn much more quickly. As with all behaviour modification, consistency is key. n Nicole Wilde is an award-winning author of ten books on canine behaviour. Her books, seminar DVDs, and Wilde About Dogs blog can be found at nicolewilde.com.


DOG LIFE

Can You Dig It? S RIERO R E T E T TAK E TH D UN GRO

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Earthdog enthusiasts and their driven dogs put ancient instinct to the test. By Patricia Komar | Photographed by Dina Goldstein

T

abu spots the opening in the ground. She whines and barks. Her little body is like a tight muscle, writhing, twisting. In the dark recesses of her mind, she must hear the howls of ancestors urging her on. I put her on the ground. She sniffs the earth. Picks up the scent. She’s off. With her nose plastered to the ground, she runs, looking like a mini-rhinoceros, chasing the invisible scent line right to the hole, disappearing into the tunnel. She’s gone. Tabu, my Cairn Terrier, is one of many terriers and Dachshunds tested in simulated hunting situations at this earthdog practice held in Aldergrove, British Columbia. Owners bring their dogs here to test the dogs’ instinctual behaviour on scent trails and in underground tunnels leading to quarry. They want to see if their pups can still do what their canine ancestors were bred to do as early as 55 B.C.: go to ground and get rid of rodents and other vermin that were wreaking havoc on their owners’ land. Dogs that do well here can go on to participate in Earthdog Tests, Canadian Kennel Club (CKC)-sanctioned, non-competitive events leading to the titles Junior Earthdog, Senior Earthdog, and Master Earthdog. Early Sunday morning, the day of a scheduled practice, Tabu senses something’s up when I begin packing the SUV with her special blanket, favourite bed, stuffies, snacks, and my gumboots. A dead giveaway, the green gumboots. Tabu knows. She races to her seat in the car. We’re off for an extreme adventure heading down the highway in the direction of rolling hills and fresh country air, leaving behind city noise and traffic jams. As I turn off the highway, Tabu remembers. She’s been here twice before. Her body begins to shudder. She whines and barks. Weird utterances escape her little mouth as she talks in a language known only to other Cairns. She jumps from window to window, her instinct awake. She knows. We’re here to play the game and she’s ready. I turn onto the rutted dirt road that leads up to the site. At the far end of the field, vehicles are lined up, tailgates down, people setting up kennels and walking their dogs. I chat with other “earthdoggers” who have ventured out to the country. Janna Kumi, who works in the heart of Vancouver as a negotiator for the federal moderndogmagazine.com

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The event is as much a human social event as a dog-fun event. government, leaves the city behind to bring Bina, her Wirehaired Dachshund, to the practice. Kumi found Bina in Bavaria via the Internet. “She was destined to chase foxes in their dens—a most gruesome job. She’s shy, always was, as I was told. We bonded immediately, and I promised her she would have a good life in a new land—far away from foxes.” I can’t see the tunnels, as they are buried. Three-sided tunnels consisting of two nine-inch side walls and a roof are inserted in trenches dug in the ground, so that the floor is exposed earth. The tunnels are then covered with dirt and vegetation. At the end is a simulated den sprayed with quarry scent. A pet rat, kept completely safe in a secure container, separated from the dogs, and never harmed, serves as the faux quarry. Ray Walden, from Richmond, B.C., is the “Dungeon Master.” “I designed and built the tunnels used here,” he says. “I’ve built several hundred feet of tunnels.” His designs are unique—famously so—as some feature Plexiglas siding. At demonstrations at malls and expos spectators to view the dogs making decisions as they maneuver through the tunnels. In order to have a successful run at the beginner level, “Introduction to Quarry,” dogs must traverse a 10-foot-long tunnel with one 90-degree turn within two minutes, then “work” the quarry (barking, growling, digging) for 30 seconds. At each level, tests increase in difficulty using longer tunnels and built-in obstacles, such as a tree root. At the Master level, dogs are worked two at a time, one underground while the other “honours,” staying above and taking over when needed. Chris Roberts brings Andy, an eight-year-old Cairn, to practice at the Master level.

(above) An earthdog is put to the test. (right) “Dungeon Master” Ray Walden.

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Piper needed very little coaching to find his inner earthdog. “Andy lost one eye to cancer. She’s a pirate dog. You’ll hear AARRRRRRR when she gets down there,” Roberts jokes. Andy still has all the characteristics needed for being an earthdog. “The dogs that ‘go to ground’ are the short-legged terriers [Latin—terra, meaning earth] and Dachshunds [German for badger hound].” They have good noses, excellent reflexes, are top-notch sprinters, and are courageous, persistent, strong, flexible, often able to turn around in a tunnel, and can think on their own. To some, earthdogging is more than a timed run. Kumi, readying Bina at the Senior run, tells me, “Earthdogging is a sport primarily for the dog, overcoming their fear going into a dark hole and confronting their fears. When I saw her head pop up at the end of the 30-foot tunnel on the Junior test, I can’t describe how I felt: very proud of her, happy for her. Brought tears to my eyes!” Lia Bijsterveld, president of the Sea to Sky Earthdog Club, says, “The event is as much a human social event as a dog-

fun event.” Her nine-year-old Border Terrier, who was the first CKC Master Earthdog, sticks his head out of the hole to orient himself, barks once, twists his body around and launches himself almost backwards right back into the hole. “Piper needed very little coaching to find his inner earthdog. He was destined to take part in earthdog and it would be cruel not to let him participate.” I’m watching for Tabu as she negotiates her way deep in the tunnel, flying on instinct, searching for the hideout. A muffled little growl. Digging. Barking. Clearly, my little earthdog hasn’t moved all that far from the generations of working terriers that make up her ancestry; their drive, their joy in working a scent below the ground lives on in her. I couldn’t be more proud. n

Patricia Komar is a freelance writer living in the Lower Mainland. With her two dogs, Bruno and Tabu, she searches for muses in the wilds of B.C.

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PET PROJECT

eat D.I.Y.

Cool Treats

For Hot Dogs Say hello to these frozen treats, perfect for the dog days of summer! By Rose Frosek

Make these healthy frozen treats for your summer-loving pup. They’re practically effortless. They take just minutes to make, dogs love them, and they’re grain-free— they’re the perfect training treat for the dog days of summer!

PB and Banana Ice Box Drops

Frozen Yogurt Drops INGREDIENTS

INGREDIENTS

Plain, unsweetened yogurt

1 cup peanut butter

Mashed strawberries, blueberries or cantaloupe

1 ripe banana

½ cup water

DIRECTIONS Combine the above in a small bowl then spoon small drops of the mixture on to a plate or cookie sheet lined with wax or parchment paper. Place in freezer. Once frozen, store the treats in an airtight container in the freezer until your deserving dog asks for a treat!

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DIRECTIONS In a small bowl, mash banana then stir in the peanut butter and water. Spoon small kiss-sized drops of the mixture on to a plate or cookie sheet lined with wax or parchment paper. Place in freezer. Once frozen, store the treats in an airtight container in the freezer until needed (your dog would say that’s right now).


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BREED PROFILE

The Cane Corso So much more than meets the eye By Kelly Caldwell

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IV E , T C E T O PR IGENT, INTELL ING LOV

H

is size, his muscular frame, those intense eyes… this is a dog with presence. His appearance is intimidating, but the Cane Corso is a complex, wonderful breed with a story that doesn’t simply begin or end with that “tough guy” image. The Cane Corso is an imposing breed that owes its earliest origins to the Romans. Their use of Molossian war dogs, a breed of large, powerful dogs they bred for battle in the first Century, led to the development of some of today’s most sizeable and powerful breeds, including the Neapolitan Mastiff, the Cane Corso’s close cousin. Since as early as 600 AD, the Cane Corso has been used in his native Italy by farmers for the purpose of hunting mid- to large-sized game, as well as guarding and herding livestock. Tough as nails, intelligent, and extremely versatile, Cani Corsi were commonplace throughout Italy. Prior to the 19th century, most farms in the country had one of these dogs ‘on staff.’ But farming practices shifted in the 20th century; many of the tasks this working breed handled became automated. As the dependence on them for work declined, so did their popularity. By the mid 20th century, Italy was in jeopardy of losing one of its national canine treasures. Fortunately, a group of dog fanciers prevented that from happening. In the 1970s, concerted efforts were taken to bring the breed back from the brink of extinction. Working with a variety of Mastiff-type breeds, fanciers honed type and temperament into the Cane Corso we know today. In 1983, the Society Amatori Cane Corso was formed, and later in that decade Cani Corsi were imported into the United States. The International Cane Corso Association was formed in 1993 and the American Kennel Club (AKC) recognized the breed in 2010. The AKC accepts the breed in a variety of coat colours. White

patches are common and are accepted on the chest, toes, chin, and nose. The standard emphasizes proportions vs. specific weight restrictions, but these dogs tend to weigh between 85 and 110 pounds. The Cane Corso is heavily-boned and very muscular, but notably less stocky than some of his Mastiff-type cousins. Without question, he’s an impressive and hard-working dog. But could this breed also fit the bill as a family companion? Maybe. First things first: this is a dog who needs a guardian that’s a lot like him—confident, assertive, and interested in seeking out activities to work off physical and mental energy. It’s not enough for the Cane Corso to love you; he must also respect you. Temperament-wise, the According to the most recent AKC breed is confident and registration statistics assertive, but not pushy or [1] Labrador Retriever aggressive. Around the home, [2] German Shepherd Dog he’s cherished for being so [3] Golden Retriever easy to be around—calm, [4] French Bulldog quiet, and eager to stay close [5] Bulldog by. Those guarding instincts [6] Beagle remain strong, though. [7] Poodle He’ll let you know when [8] Rottweiler someone has arrived at your [9] Yorkshire Terrier home, and while he’s not an [10] Pointers instigator, he’s also not likely [40] The Cane Corso to back down from a threat— if he feels his home and people are threatened, his protective instincts will surface. His appearance alone is a first line of defense that could scare off many intruders. When it comes to guarding and protecting, many feel the

Most Popular Dogs in the U.S.

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Size: Large The AKC accepts this muscular, heavily-boned dog at a height of 25 to 27.5 inches at shoulder height for males; 23.5 to 26 for females. Weight should be proportionate to height, generally 85 to 110 pounds. Activity level: These dogs need regular exercise and activities that will keep them mentally challenged. Long daily walks are a minimum, and participation in canine sports is encouraged. Grooming: His coat is short, stiff, and shiny. A light undercoat provides additional warmth in cold temperatures. Occasional brushing and bathing will suffice. Heritage: Working Like many of the Mastiff-type breeds, the ancient Italian Molossar that formed the basis of the Cane Corso was used for hunting as well as livestock protection and herding.

If you like the Cane Corso, you might also give some consideration to the:

For information on Cane Corso rescue in the U.S., visit canecorsorescue.org. In Canada, visit canadian-cane-corso-association.com.

READ YOUR BREED

For more breed profiles, go to moderndogmagazine.com/breeds

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Neapolitan Mastiff

Mastiff

Dogue de Bordeaux

INSET IMAGES ©AMERICAN KENNEL CLUB

Profile: The Cane Corso

Cane Corso has no equal in the dog world. So how can we reconcile that with the fact that he’s known to be generally calm and loving to his family? Well, perhaps we can chalk it up to the fact that very little in life is as simple as it seems. This is not a one-dimensional dog. If you’re thinking about bringing a Cane Corso into your life, you’ll need the time and budget for training. Ideally starting in the puppy stage, this breed must be taught proper manners and good behaviour with people and other animals. Early socialization is vitally important. Positive-reinforcement training techniques work well with this breed, because he’s both intelligent and eager to please his loved ones. Mental and physical outlets for the Cane Corso are necessary. He’s a working breed and needs a job to thrive. A bored Cane Corso can act out through aggression, digging, or barking excessively. Not fun. Long daily walks would be a bare minimum. Once fully developed (around the 18-month mark,) he’s well-suited for more vigorous activities, such as running or biking along trails with you. He also needs to be challenged mentally. Obedience training is a must, but—because he’s such a versatile breed—the Cane Corso is likely to excel in just about any activity you throw his way. These are true ‘up for anything’ dogs who have been known to enjoy agility, tracking, or even dock-diving to name but a few activities. Yes, he’s large, but he’s fleet-footed and surprisingly agile. Whatever you throw at him, he can handle it. As tough as he may be, the Cane Corso isn’t suited to a life outside and away from his family. He bonds closely with his guardians and wants to be near them. In terms of health and wellness, keeping him healthy and looking his best isn’t a huge challenge. His short, stiff coat will shed a couple of times a year, and just requires regular brushing and the occasional bath. Keeping his nails trimmed should be a priority. The bigger the dog, the harder they fall, but slipping on long toenails is easily avoidable. The Cane Corso is known as a strong, healthy breed, but as with all purebreds they can be prone to some health considerations. Always work with a reputable breeder who conducts health clearances on foundation stock and puppies—or consider rescue as a first choice. As a protector, he may have no equal in the dog world, but the Cane Corso’s story doesn’t end there. He’s brave and he’s a powerhouse, but he’s also loving, docile, and easygoing. If he happens to be the right breed for you, count your blessings— because, to be loved by a dog of this magnitude is something special, indeed.n


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Connie’s Book Club Curl up with a good dog and a good book

EDITOR-IN-CHIEF CONNIE WILSON’S SELECTION OF THIS SUMMER'S MUST-READS.

Antiques Wanted (A Trash 'n' Treasures Mystery) By Barbara Allan Yeehaw! Get ready for the best mystery in the Wild West. When Brandy Borne’s mother Vivian decides to run for county sheriff in the small town of Serenity, Brandy agrees to join on as Vivian’s campaign manager. But before you can say “howdy buckaroo,” trouble hits the area! A mysterious and massive explosion rocks Serenity, killing the aunt of Vivian’s political opponent and wounding Brandy in the process. In order to prevent further deaths, Brandy and Vivian must round up their trusty Shih Tzu Sushi and catch a dastardly outlaw before it’s too late.

Ruff Justice By Laurien Berenson As the spring dog show season enters full swing, prize-winning Poodle owner Melanie Travis is excited to help her son and his Standard Poodle win a championship title. But Melanie’s priorities change when things take a dark turn at a conformation show, and Jasmine Crane, a talented artist that crafts handmade dog accessories, is murdered behind her concession booth with one of her own beautiful dog leashes! Her death is soon followed by the disappearance of dog sitter Amanda, and Melanie begins to suspect that the crimes are connected. Will Melanie be able to catch an insidious killer and solve this perplexing mystery? Check out this page turner to find out—we didn’t want to put this book down!

Keeping the Peace: A Guide to Solving Dog-Dog Aggression in the Home By Nicole Wilde There are a lot of great things about having multiple dogs in your home—having two dogs is great for easing a dog’s loneliness during the daytime, plus there is the simple fact that dogs are pack creatures, and often enjoy the company of additional buddies! Dogs, however, are complex creatures that can sometimes react negatively to other pups, particularly when they are in their personal territory. He and other dogs may not necessarily get along. But how do you deal with this problem, and address canine aggression problems? To begin with, we’d suggest reading up on the subject in Nicole Wilde’s fabulous and informative guide, Keeping the Peace. Filled with sage and empathetic advice, this handy book is filled with knowledge and suggestions for dealing with dog aggression. Covering topics that range from stress, breed, age, and triggers, including other factors, Wilde provides insightful and useful advice and therapies for addressing these issues. An extremely helpful and intelligent guide! moderndogmagazine.com 105


Bodie On the Road By Belinda Jones This fun and uplifting read tells the story of a broken-hearted woman and an abandoned dog who come together on a road trip to mend each other’s hearts. Crushed after a breakup, Belinda Jones is beginning to feel like hope and happiness is not in sight for her… until she finds joy in the shape of Bodie the mixed breed. Following the pair from Big Sur to the wilds of the Pacific Northwest, this wonderful book shows us the power and beauty of new beginnings and how the bond between humans and dogs might be stronger and more meaningful than any romantic relationship.

Canine Confidential: Why Dogs Do What They Do Secret of the Snout: The Dog’s Incredible Nose By Frank Rosell Of all our dogs’ senses, the one that stands out above them all is their fascinatingly complex and powerful sense of smell. Your dog’s nose is capable of search-and-rescue, solving crimes, and detecting cancer— superpowers which only scratch the surface of your dog’s olfactory abilities. This absorbing deep dive into the capabilities of your dog’s nose will leave you wowed by the mighty canine snout.

By Mark Bekoff Dog behaviour can be baffling. Why do dogs play? Do pups actually recognize themselves in mirrors? And what’s the deal with eating grass, anyway? Award-winning scientist Marc Bekoff answers all of these questions and more in this insightful and fascinating book that clarifies the many mysteries behind our wonderful, often perplexing dogs.

A Borrowing of Bones The Dog: A Natural History By Ádám Miklósi Behaviour, biology, history, evolution… Can’t decide which aspect of the diverse and endlessly intriguing canine species is most interesting? Dr. Ádám Miklósi’s comprehensive, in-depth guide to everything canine is for you. Gorgeously photographed, this thorough overview explores everything from the anatomy and physiology of dogs to their evolution and the emergence of modern breeds. A must-read for understanding the science behind our furry pals!

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By Paula Munier Beautifully written from start to finish, this amazingly captivating and heartbreaking novel tells the story of Mercy Carr, a retired US Army vet, and Elvis, a Belgian Malinois and former K9 soldier. While the two are recovering from their time spent in active duty, Elvis’ bomb-sniffing skills lead him to a horrifying scene: a crying baby abandoned next to a shallow grave of human bones. Evocative, gripping, and often quite intense, this mystery thriller not only keeps you on the edge of your seat, but also delves into the emotional stories of heroic working dogs, retired veterans, and inspiring rescue pups. An extremely memorable read and a terrific mystery novel.


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Must-haves for you & your dog

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Must-haves for you & your dog

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LAST LICK

Your Summer Inspo

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Go ahead; give yourself permission to play like a kid. Instead of dodging that sprinkler, why not run through it?

Whatever big move you’re contemplating, go for it. Throw yourself in the deep end.

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Two words: kiddie pool. So you live somewhere landlocked? Don’t let that rain on your parade. Kiddie pools are fun for everyone, dogs and adults included.

Our dogs are never happier than when they’re eating. Join them in the simple plesaure of a cool treat on a hot day. For a pupfriendly ice cream recipe go to moderndogmagazine. com/icecream

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Truth: there are very

few days that can’t be improved by a fun floatie. Grab your pool toys and your pup and retire to the nearest body of water.

PHOTO TANYA KING

Summer is finally here! Take your cues from these summer-loving pups and dive into the best the season has to offer. Ice cream cone, anyone?


Profile for Modern Dog Magazine

Modern Dog Summer 2018  

Let’s celebrate summer! To make the most of this canine-favourite season, we’ve packed this issue with terrific toys to take you from the ba...

Modern Dog Summer 2018  

Let’s celebrate summer! To make the most of this canine-favourite season, we’ve packed this issue with terrific toys to take you from the ba...