N E W S
F R O M
M I T ’ S
D E P A R T M E N T
M A T E R I A L S
S C I E N C E
A N D
E N G I N E E R I N G
structure N A N O
M I C R O
M A C R O
M E S O
M O L E C U L A R
C R Y S T A L
S U M M E R
I N T E R F A C E
2 0 1 4
Jennie Zheng, a student in 3.042, DMSE’s undergraduate capstone design class, tests the conductivity of a silver ink her team developed for painting on solar cell grid contacts. L E T T E R
F R O M
T H E
D E P A R T M E N T
H E A D
Dear Friends, If you are able to come to campus in the next few months, bring your camera; it is a great chance to get some “before” photos. The next few years will see renovation and construction projects at MIT that are generational in scope, and the “after” photos promise to be remarkable. On page 8, you will read about the Institute’s top academic priority: a new, state-of-the art facility essentially dedicated to synthesis and characterization of materials
and solid-state devices. To be named MIT.nano, the building will provide all the tools needed to manipulate, manufacture, and measure materials across scales, down to the nanoscale. The building is a major Institute project that will benefit units across all of MIT, and we in DMSE are particularly excited about it. Not only does it promise a major upgrade to the cleanroom, synthesis, and characterization facilities upon which we build much of our research, but it helps to position materials research centrally within the campus and the Institute’s future. Located on the site of Building 12 (which is about to be demolished), the new facility is located directly next to MIT’s great dome, and will physically connect all of DMSE’s core facilities in the main group (Buildings 4, 6, and 8) to those in Building 13. MIT.nano is a long-term project that will affect the campus for several years before it is completed. In the meantime, as the Institute moves to demonstrate its commitment to cutting-edge synthesis and characterization, DMSE is also excited to be recommitting ourselves to excellence in materials processing and manufacturing. Our glass lab, metalworking forge, and metal casting foundry have been popular student facilities for decades, offering hands-on opportunities for creative and inventive work in materials processing. As I write, construction has begun on a new, renovated space below the great dome on the ground level of Building 4 that will co-locate, expand, and modernize these critical teaching facilities. These labs, once completed, will be adjacent to the new MIT.nano building, each being visible from the windows of the other. Please see page 11 for further details. While construction has begun, we are still raising funds to pay for the project and for the new equipment in the space. This department has always enjoyed a healthy footprint near the heart of the campus, and MIT.nano will provide a bridge that physically connects us. It also reinforces the geographical center of the department on the Infinite Corridor, at the intersection of Buildings 4 and 8. In this area, we have been renovating teaching laboratories for over a decade, and now we are moving to build a cultural center there as well. Thanks to hard work by DMSE’s space committee (chaired by Prof. Lorna Gibson), we are about to
launch a renovation project that will develop a DMSE community center on the ground floor of Building 4, overlooking Killian court and right at the heart of the Institute (see page 10). This new space will feature a flexible layout where students can meet to interact, collaborate, teach, and present to one another in small groups, and which can also be opened up to accommodate larger community events such as research seminars. The core strength of DMSE has always been its excellent people, and we are excited to put our community at the geographical center of the department as well. Our community is always growing: we have recently been fortunate to hire new faculty and teaching staff (please see pages 3 and 6), and we are preparing for the new incoming freshmen and graduate students. This year, we celebrated the career of Professor Linn Hobbs, and thanked him for his remarkable contributions to our department, to our field, and to the Institute, among others (please see page 17). The above projects are some of the most prominent in the space and facilities future of DMSE; they help to crystallize the department’s footprint within MIT, and poise our community to have impact well beyond MIT. I feel lucky to be at MIT during a time of great forward momentum and positive change. I hope you will come visit us often over the coming few years, “before” and “after” the evolution of the campus. With best wishes,
Chris Schuh 77 Massachusetts Avenue, Building 6-113 Cambridge, MA 02139-4307 617-253-6901 email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Around DMSE N E W F A C U L T Y The department is delighted to welcome two new faculty members, both of whom will join us in 2015. Juejun (JJ) Hu will hold the Merton C. Flemings Career Development Professorship of Materials Science and Engineering. He comes to us from the Uni-
versity of Delaware, where he was a tenure-track assis-
tant professor. Prior to that, he was a post-doc in MIT’s Microphotonics Center. As the Francis Alison Young Professor, Professor Hu initiated and led research projects involving environmental monitoring, renewable energy, biological sensing, and optical communications. He received the 2013 Gerard J. Mangone Young Scholars Award, which recognizes promising and accomplished young faculty and is the University of Delaware’s highest faculty honor. His research is in “three main thrust areas: substrate-blind multifunctional photonic integration; mid-infrared integrated photonics; and 3-D photonic integrated circuits.” Professor Hu’s group has “applied these photonic technologies to address emerging application needs in environmental monitoring, renewable energy harvesting, communications, and biotechnology. Professor Hu holds the B.S. in Materials Science and Engineering from Tsinghua University, and the Ph.D from our department. His Ph.D. advisor, Professor Lionel Kimerling, says Professor Hu is “a fountain of new ideas. ... Scientists like JJ thrive in a problem-rich environment.” Professor Hu is excited to be returning to campus in January; “This is like coming back home after being away for four years—I am truly thrilled to (re-) start at DMSE!”
Rafael Jaramillo will hold the Toyota Career Development Professorship in Materials Science and Engineering, beginning summer 2015. He has a B.S. summa cum laude and an M.Eng., both in Applied and Engineering Physics from Rafael Jaramillo Cornell University. He also holds a Ph.D in Physics from the University of Chicago. Dr. Jaramillo is currently a senior postdoctoral fellow at MIT in the Laboratory of Manufacturing and Productivity (LMP). His interests in renewable energy and accomplishments in developing materials systems and techniques for energy applications led to him receiving the Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Postdoctoral Research Fellowship from the US Department of Energy. Prior to his appointment in LMP, he was a postdoctoral fellow at the Harvard University Center for the Environment. His research in the MIT PVLab “focuses on improving the efficiency of chalcogenide solar cells.” Dr. Jaramillo says his research interests “lie at the intersection of solid state physics, materials science, and renewable energy technologies.” He hopes to “continue to expand his research in the science of renewable energy technologies with emphasis on exploring new materials.” He feels it is “imperative to develop sources of energy for our economy that are sufficient, safe, and renewable.” “I aspire to establish a world-renowned research program in electronic materials for energy technologies while at the same time cultivating scientific curiosity and intellectual rigor in students at all levels. The breadth of expertise and ambition at MIT make it a terrific place to undertake research that aims to connect the very small, at the scale of a single electron, to the very large issues of energy production, economic growth, and environmental sustainability. By its nature this work bridges multiple disciplines within engineering and science, and I look forward to following the science where it leads.”
P R O M O T I O N S We are pleased to announce that, effective July 1, Jeffrey C. Grossman was promoted to the rank of Full Professor and Michael J. Demkowicz was promoted to the rank of Associate Professor.
Jeff Grossman joined our faculty in fall 2009. After receiving his Ph.D. in theoretical physics from the University of Illinois, he held a postdoctoral position at U.C. Berkeley, and then was a Lawrence Fellow at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory.
Professor Grossman’s group uses theory and simulation to gain fundamental understanding, develop new insights based on this understanding, and then use these insights to design new materials for energy conversion and storage with improved properties—working closely with experimental groups at each step. He has published more than eighty scientific papers on the topics of solar photovoltaics, thermoelectrics, hydrogen storage, solar fuels, nanomechanical phenomena, and self-assembly. He is an enthusiastic educator, dedicating himself to finding the best way to communicate fundamental concepts of materials science in a way that immediately engages students and helps them understand connections between theory and application. Michael J. Demkowicz joined our faculty in 2008 after appointments at Los Alamos National Labs. He did his undergraduate work at the University of Texas at Austin, with degrees in Physics and Aerospace Engineering, 2000, and he holds a Master’s and Ph.D. in Mechanical Engineering from MIT. Mike Demkowicz
He works at the intersection of fundamental materials physics and computational design of structural materials. His research addresses the need for rapid advances in structural material performance in the areas of energy, infrastructure, and transportation. He has developed a research strategy built on “reduced order mesoscale models,” or ROMMs, which enable physics-based design of structural materials. He harnessed this capability for mitigating He-induced degradation, engineering interfaces for harsh environments, and imparting radiation-resistance to amorphous solids. This research has led to a new mechanism for stabilizing helium generated in nuclear reactions without causing material damage—an especially important development for nuclear energy applications. Further work centers on materials performance in deep-well exploration and mitigation of severe surface wear. In the classroom, Professor Demkowicz has redeveloped the content for the core graduate subject 3.22: Mechanical Behavior of Materials and he has created a new subject, 3.33: Defects in Materials. His work on materials design through interface engineering led him to co-found an ongoing series of symposia on “Solid-State Interfaces” at The Minerals, Metals, and Materials Society (TMS) spring meeting. In 2012, Demkowicz received the NSF CAREER award and the TMS Early Career Faculty Fellow award for his work on interface engineering. A P P O I N T M E N T S W. Craig Carter has been named the POSCO Professor of Materials Science and Engineering. Professor Carter came to MIT in 1998 with a research focus in the application of theoretical and computational materials science to microstructural evolution and the relations between materials properties and microstructure. He places particular emphasis on the physical analysis of complex processes when possible and the development Craig Carter of numerical algorithms and codes when microstructural simulation is required, and in recent years he has brought his interests and
to learn more about DMSE faculty and staff please visit http://dmse.mit.edu
skills to the science of battery materials and the electrochemo-mechanics of phase transitions and fracture of battery electrodes. He and Professor Yet-Ming Chiang have developed a flow battery that utilizes co-suspensions of solid state electrode and electronically conductive particulates. They co-founded a company, 24M, to produce grid scale energy storage solutions. Professor Carter is recognized as one of DMSE’s most innovative instructors. He is a MacVicar Fellow and has received the MIT School of Engineering Bose Teaching Award. His use of Mathematica in the classroom was honored with a Wolfram Innovator Award. The professorship was established by the Pohang Iron and Steel Company (POSCO) in 1987. POSCO, headquartered in Korea, is one of the world’s largest steel producers and is now a global player in energy and sustainability. Previous POSCO chair holders were Sam Allen, Joel Clark, and Tom Eagar.
Christine Ortiz is now the Morris Cohen Professor of Materials Science and Engineering. Professor Ortiz’s research focuses on structural or load-bearing biological materials, in particular musculoskeletal (internal to the body) and exoskeletal (external to the Christine Ortiz body) tissues. The Ortiz research group studies these fascinating materials using expertise in the field of “nanomechanics,” including the measurement and prediction of extremely small forces and displacements, the quantification of nanoscale spatially-varying mechanical properties, the identification of local constitutive laws, the formulation of molecular-level structure-property relationships, and the investigation of new mechanical phenomena existing at small length scales. Novel experimental and theoretical methods are employed, involving increasing levels of complexity from individual molecules to biomimetic
molecular assemblies to the matrix associated with single cells and, lastly, to the nanoscale properties of the intact tissue. The result, and ultimate objective of the Ortiz research program, is a fundamental, mechanistic-based understanding of tissue function, quality, and pathology. Professor Ortiz has been MIT’s Dean of Graduate Education since 2010. She joined DMSE in 1999, coming from a post-doc appointment at the University of Groningen. The Morris Cohen chair was created in honor of Professor Cohen’s 75th birthday and was funded through gifts from a large number of students, friends, collaborators, and MIT offices. It was the first MIT chair created to honor a living faculty member and funded through a widespread effort. It was previously held by Ned Thomas. Earlier this year, Ian Waitz, Dean of the School of Engineering, named Alfredo Alexander-Katz the Walter Henry Gale Associate Professor of Materials Science and Engineering in recognition of his excellence in teaching Alfredo Alexander-Katz and research. Professor Alexander-Katz studies self-assembly and dynamics of biological soft-materials. His group is particularly focused on designing novel polymerlike drug delivery carriers and understanding their response to chemical and physical stimuli. This work will enable a new generation of drug-delivery vectors to target different areas of the body in a very specific manner, while providing a deeper understanding of the processes of adhesion and targeting in flow. He is also studying the supramolecular self-assembly of chlorophyls in the antennas of Photosynthetic Bacteria (the most efficient light harvesting organisms on Earth) and studying the dynamics of driven soft systems in general. The research in Prof. AlexanderKatz’s group is highly interdisciplinary, at the interface of materials, biology, physics, chemistry and medicine.
The professorship was established in 2011, by Thomas S. Gale in memory of his father, Professor Walter H. Gale. Professor Gale received his S.B. (1929) and S.M. (1930) degrees from MIT in Aeronautical Engineering. Niels Holten-Andersen was named the Doherty Assistant Professor in Ocean Utilization. Professor Holten-Andersen joined our faculty in 2012; he has a bachelor’s in biology, a B.Sc.Hon in molecular biology, a master’s Niels Holten-Andersen in cell biology, and a Ph.D. in biochemistry. His research is in applications of Nature-inspired materials science, particularly in the study of hydrogel mechanical properties, inspired by the mussel. The two-year chair is endowed by the Henry L. and Grace Doherty Charitable Foundation and it supports promising, non-tenured professors who undertake marine-related research that will further innovative uses of the ocean’s resources.
Jessica Sandland returned to DMSE last year to serve as Technical Instructor working with the faculty to create online content for the Semester From Anywhere and MITx. Jessica received the S.B. (1999) and Jessica Sandland Ph.D. (2005) from our department. After receiving her doctorate, she worked at Lincoln Labs and at Lesley University. We’re thrilled to have her back. Hilary Sheldon was inducted into MIT’s Quarter Century Club, an organization for employees who have been at the Institute for 25 years. Recognized for 50 years of service, were Professors Harry C. Gatos and Robert M. Rose.
Rachel A. Kemper, DMSE Communications Coordinator email@example.com Elissa Haverty, Graduate Assistant, firstname.lastname@example.org
Tara Fadenrecht has joined our staff as a Technical Instructor. She recently received her MFA from the University of Pennsylvania where she was a Andrew W. Mellon Graduate Research Fellow. She also holds a BFA in Metalsmithing and Jewelry Tara Fadenrecht Design from the University of Kansas. She has shown sculpture, video, and installation work both nationally and internationally, most recently at the Forum Factory in Berlin. She has already taught two IAP courses, Enameling and Intro to Jewelry, and this spring, she taught a Hollowware class to supplement the existing Metals Lab courses and was a key part of the 3.094 faculty. To view her work, please visit www.t-fade.com.
ACKNOWL ED G MENTS:
Many thanks to those who contributed time, photography support, and text, including Prof. Linn Hobbs, Kris Brewer, Tara Fadenrecht, Franklin Hobbs, Angelita Mireles, Mike Tarkanian, Eric Thorsen, Essdras M. Suarez .
C ON N E C T:
Follow us on Twitter http://www.twitter.com/mit_dmse Like us on Facebook http://www.facebook.com/mit.dmse Join us on LinkedIn MIT Department of Materials Science and Engineering (DMSE) Add us on Google+ MIT Materials Science and Engineering (DMSE) Follow us on Instagram mit_dmse
M A R A T H O N T E A M Among the runners in this year’s Boston Marathon were many DMSE students, alumni, and faculty. Of this group, several joined the MIT Strong team to honor the late Officer Sean Collier, including Rachel Delucas ’03, Jenn Gagner ’07, Mike Gerhardt ’12, and Sam Shames ’14. “I had run the marathon the previous two years (2012 and 2013) with friends from the MIT wrestling team, and after our experience last year, I knew I wanted to run again this year and that the race would be something special,” said Sam Shames of his decision to run. “When I saw that MIT was going to have a team, I submitted my application and was lucky enough to get chosen.” The events surrounding last year’s marathon had a profound impact on the MIT community, students included. “I had a lot of trouble dealing with the events of that week,” said Michael Gerhardt. “That weekend, I found my old running shoes and went for a jog. I found running to be incredibly meditative and relaxing. I started adding a little distance each week, and started looking for ways to run the Boston Marathon next year. I had always been telling Dad that I would run it with him some year, and I knew that this was the year.” “I reached the top of Heartbreak Hill, and my legs were exhausted. Six more miles lay before my father and me, and I had no idea how I was going to finish. My stomach hurt and the heat began to wear on me. I started thinking of all
Runner Mike Gerhardt ’12 (right), a member of MIT Strong, trains for the Boston Marathon at a 30K race with his father, Massachusetts State Trooper Wayne Gerhardt. Mike was waiting at the finish line for his father to finish last year’s race when the bombings occurred. Both were unharmed — and ran together this year. Photo courtesy Mike Gerhardt. the training I had done, and all the miles I had run in the ice and snow, and I refused to quit. I thought of Officer Collier next, and the sacrifice he made, and for him I refused to quit. I thought about how dark and terrible the week of April 15, 2013, had been, and how far I had come in a year.” Michael was one of the MIT Strong Team members who finished the marathon. The team surpassed their original fund raising goal of $142,600, raising $176,000. Sam recalls fondly: “I did meet Officer Collier once. The beginning of my junior year my friend and I were up on the roofs exploring and when the MIT police came to tell us to get down, Office Collier was one of the officers. His warmth and kindness really struck my friend and me; even though he we were clearly doing something we shouldn't and making more work for him and his colleagues he was still very kind to us and did not try to guilt us unnecessarily or anything.”
Sam Shames ’14 gives a thumbs-up on Commonwealth Avenue. Photo courtesy of Sam Shames.
Congratulations to all the runners, especially the MIT Strong team and DMSE’s representatives.
to learn more about MIT.nano and the research in it
Facilities M I T . n a n o Starting in 2018, researchers from across MIT will be able to take advantage of comprehensive facilities for nanoscale research in a new building to be constructed at the very heart of the Cambridge campus, on the location of the current Building 12. The 200,000-square-foot building, called “MIT.nano,” will house state-of-the-art cleanroom, imaging, and prototyping facilities supporting research with nanoscale materials and processes — in fields including energy, health, life sciences, quantum sciences, electronics, and manufacturing. An estimated 2,000 MIT researchers may ultimately make use of the building, says electrical engineering professor Vladimir Bulović, faculty lead on the MIT.nano project and associate dean for innovation in the School of Engineering. “MIT.nano will sit at the heart of our campus, and it will be central to fulfilling MIT’s mission in research, education, and impact,” says President L. Rafael Reif. “The capabilities it provides and the interdisciplinary community it inspires will keep MIT at the forefront of discovery and innovation, and give us the power to solve urgent global challenges. By following the lead of faculty and student interest, MIT has a long tradition of placing bold bets on strategic future technologies, and we expect MIT.nano to pay off in the same way, for MIT and for the world.”
please visit http://mitnano.mit.edu
“The tools of nanotechnology will play a critical part in how many engineering disciplines solve the problems of the 21st century, and MIT.nano will shape the Institute’s role in these advances,” says Ian A. Waitz, dean of the School of Engineering and the Jerome C. Hunsaker Professor of Aeronautics and Astronautics. “This project represents one of the largest commitments to research in MIT’s history. MIT.nano will carry the last two decades of research into new realms of application and discovery.” “Usually we talk about how science enables new technology, but discovery is a two-way street,” adds Maria Zuber, MIT’s vice president for research and the E.A. Griswold Professor of Geophysics. “In MIT.nano, technology will advance basic science through the extraordinary observations that will be possible in this state-of-the-art facility.” The four-level MIT.nano will replace the existing Building 12, and will retain its number, occupying a space alongside the iconic Great Dome. It will be interconnected with neighboring buildings, and accessible from MIT’s Infinite Corridor — meaning, Bulović says, that the new facility will be just a short walk from the numerous departments that will use its tools. “This building needs to be centrally located, because nanoscale research is now central to so many disciplines,” says Bulović. Users of the new facility are expected to come from more than 150 research groups at MIT, including many in DMSE. They will include, for example, scientists who are working on methods to “print” parts of human organs for transplantation; who are creating superhydrophobic surfaces to boost power-plant efficiency; who work with nanofluids to design new means of locomotion for machines, or new methods for purifying water; who aim to transform the manufacturing of pharmaceuticals; and who are using nanotechnology to reduce the carbon footprint of concrete, the world’s most ubiquitous building material.
Architect’s rendering of MIT.nano. Building 13 is in front of the Dome, the new building to its left. Credit: Wilson Architects.
The research that will take place in MIT.nano could also help the world meet its growing energy needs, Bulović says. For example, cloud computing already consumes 1.3 percent of the world’s electricity; as this technology proliferates, its energy use is projected to grow a thousandfold over the com-
minimal electromagnetic interference, dedicated to advanced imaging technologies — and a floor of teaching laboratory space. Finally, the facility will feature an innovative teaching and research space, known as a Computer-Aided Visualization Environment (CAVE), allowing high-resolution views of nanoscale features. To help the MIT community prepare for the process of construction in the center of campus, project leaders conducted meetings with 35 labs, centers, and departments — mainly abutters — to explain how the project will affect them.
View of MIT.nano from outside Building 13. Credit: Wilson Architects. ing decade. Hardware based on nanoscale switching elements — a new technology now being pursued by MIT researchers — could prove crucial in reducing the energy footprint of cloud computing. “But we have many urgent challenges that existing technology cannot address,” Bulović says. “If we want to make sweeping change — more than incremental progress — in the most urgent technical areas, we need this building and the tools of nanoscience and nanotechnology housed within it.” “The need for advanced facilities to support nanoscale research was identified in 2011 as the Institute’s highest academic priority as part of the MIT 2030 process to envision how our campus might evolve to meet future needs for research and education,” says Israel Ruiz, MIT’s executive vice president and treasurer. “It is wonderful to see we are boldly moving to accomplish our goal.” MIT.nano will house two interconnected floors of cleanroom laboratories containing fabrication spaces and materials growth laboratories, greatly expanding the Institute’s capacity for research involving components that are measured in billionths of a meter — a scale at which cleanliness is paramount, as even a single speck of dust vastly exceeds the nanoscale. The building will also include the “quietest” space on campus — a floor optimized for low vibration and
Bulović explained that while nanotechnology plays a part in about 20 percent of the research on MIT’s campus, the facilities used today for this research are scattered and overcrowded. But construction of the building that will alleviate that overcrowding will itself pose many challenges, in the short term. The project team has made many efforts to reduce disruptions as much as possible, Wanat said. For example, while traditional construction of such a building would use sheet pilings around the foundation, this project will instead use slurry walls, poured in place which will produce far less noise and vibration than the driving of sheet pilings, Wanat said. Construction vehicles will use exhaust scrubbing to minimize the impact of fumes on adjacent buildings. Just digging the hole for the new building’s foundation will involve removing 1.4 million cubic feet of dirt, explained Travis Wanat, MIT.nano’s senior project manager. The building itself will use 12,000 cubic yards of concrete, 3.4 million pounds of steel, and 53,000 square feet of glass. On its way to the Building 12 site, all of that material will have to pass through just three access points. The building itself will be constructed with far more steel and less concrete than is typical for such a structure, greatly reducing the number of trucks needed to deliver materials to the construction site. In the demolition of the existing Building 12 — scheduled in 2015 — equipment will dismantle and crush sections of the building as they are removed.
A sectional rendering of MIT.nano showing distribution of its research facilities. Credit: Wilson Architects. The new building, described by architect Samir Srouji of Wilson Architects as “a stone box wrapped around with a veil of glass,” will connect to Building 13, Building 16, and have easy ground-level access from the Infinite Corridor and Building 24.
The space will be flexible, allowing two separate lounge spaces, with a common area available for kitchen use and for meetings or project work. As the spaces are so close to the DMSE teaching laboratories in Buildings 4 and 8, the students will be better able to take quick breaks for a snack, to work on problem sets between classes, or hold a study group.
Bulović said that the $350 million cost of the building is comparable, per square foot, to that of similar recent buildings at Harvard University and the University of Massachusetts at Lowell. He added that the cleanroom space within MIT.nano is larger than that found at those facilities, and that the new building will include the highest-quality vibration-free space for imaging equipment on the entire MIT campus.
L A B & O F F I C E R E N O VAT I O N S As we hire new faculty, say farewell to retirees, and adapt to new technological needs, DMSE renovates and overhauls offices and lab spaces. These renovations might be complete gutting of the space, removing asbestos, and installing new air systems, or they could be minor cosmetic changes including new paint and carpet and updated communications connections for internet.
D M S E C O M M O N S In the coming months, construction will begin on new collaborative spaces, in the office suite directly across from the Lab for Advanced Materials in Building 4 (many will remember these as the offices of Professors Bob Rose, Tom Eagar, and Sam Allen, and of Leslie Lawrence, Jeri Hill, and Ayn Inserto).
DMSE’s Space Committee works with Professor Schuh, Professor Ross, and Gerry Hughes, Facilities Manager, to identify and prioritize labs and offices for renewal. In the past year, labs on the 5th floor of Building 13 were renovated for the Holten-Andersen and Allanore groups, and office suites have been created for DMSE emeriti (2nd floor of Building 8), for the Olivetti group (4th floor of Building 8), and for the Schuh group (first floor of Building 8).
—adapted from MIT News Office stories
G L A S S L A B , F O U N D R Y, A N D F O R G E For many years, the people walking through the basement of the Infinite Corridor have slowed to watch the activity in 4-013, the long-time home of the Glass Lab and Forge. Currently, those hoping for a glimpse of molten glass or red-hot metal are disappointed: the space is gutted, to be renovated along with the lab across the hall as a new home for the glass lab, forge, and foundry. Our department was founded by educators who emphasized teaching through doing, rather than through observation or rote learning, and MIT’s glass and metal-working facilities date back to our beginnings. Hands-on education is no less valuable today; students and instructors with a wealth of on-line resources treasure experiences of heating, annealing, cooling, hammering, bending—and of making pieces and making mistakes. Our students learn the basics of materials processing from classical techniques like investment casting while discovering how new technologies like 3D-Printers are integrated into a traditional process.
Architect’s rendering of new Foundry, Forge, Glass Lab, to be completed December 2014. Credit: Imai Keller Moore Architects.
The hallway outside the forge, foundry, and glass lab will have art in the walls, floor, and ceiling. Mike Tarkanian is building a prototype of the ceiling treatment, marbles in a stainless steel grid. The foundry, forge, and glass lab continue the mission of DMSE’s teaching laboratories, all of which have been renovated since 2000 with new systems and equipment. They are used for DMSE undergraduate subjects, for freshman seminars and explorations, for faculty research, and for outreach activities with Cambridge public schools. Their location in the basement of the Infinite Corridor is at the center of MIT, on the path connecting DMSE’s labs in Buildings 4, 6, 8, and 13 and the location for MIT.nano.
Foundry Area hydraulic press
induction furnace and power supply
glass lab back-lit display case (not shown in this view)
hydraulic press glory hole ventilation enclosure
annealer coal forge
furnace ventilation enclosure glass light diffusers in corridor foundry-produced MIT DMSE medallion
Events M A D M E C Heating or cooling certain parts of your body — such as applying a warm towel to your forehead if you feel chilly — can help maintain your perceived thermal comfort. Using that concept, four MIT engineering students developed a thermoelectric bracelet that monitors air and skin temperature, and sends tailored pulses of hot or cold waveforms to the wrist to help maintain thermal comfort.
The team estimates that if the device stops one building from adjusting its temperature by even just 1 degree Celsius, it will save roughly 100 kilowatt-hours per month. The annual competition is sponsored by Saint Gobain, BP, and Dow Chemical. The contest’s theme this year was “materials science solutions for sustainability.” After the competition, some teams may further develop their products, or even take them to market. But the primary aim of the competition is to engage students in prototyping and design, says Michael Tarkanian, a lecturer in DMSE who runs MADMEC. “The goal is to allow students to get their hands dirty, working in the labs to design and build functional prototypes,” he says. “It gives them an opportunity to put their classroom knowledge to work, solving problems related to energy, habitat, and sustainability.” For the competition, teams of two to five MIT students receive $1,000 to build their prototypes. Starting in June, monthly checkpoints and several independent design challenges are organized to help guide the teams in the development process.
Wristify’s winning prototype. For this invention, the team, called Wristify, took home the $10,000 first prize at this year’s MADMEC, DMSE’s annual materials-science design competition. The product is now a working prototype. And although people would use the device for personal comfort, the team says the ultimate aim is to reduce the energy consumption of buildings, by cooling and heating the individual — not the building. “Buildings right now use an incredible amount of energy just in space heating and cooling. In fact, all together this makes up 16.5 percent of all U.S. primary energy consumption. We wanted to reduce that number, while maintaining individual thermal comfort,” says Sam Shames, a Course III senior who co-invented the Wristify technology. “We found the best way to do it was local heating and cooling of parts of the body.”
Over the course of developing its technology, the Wristify team made a key discovery: Human skin is very sensitive to minute, rapid changes in temperature, which affect the whole body. They found they needed to heat or cool any body part (in their case, the wrist) at a rate of at least 0.1 C per second in order to make the entire body, overall, feel several degrees warmer or colder. After 15 prototypes, the team landed on its final product, which resembles a wristwatch and can be powered, for up to eight hours, by a lithium polymer battery. This prototype demonstrated a rate of change of up to 0.4 C per second. The “watch” part of the prototype consists of the team’s custom copper-alloy-based heat sink (a component that lowers a device’s temperature by dissipating heat). Attached is an automated control system that manages the intensity and duration of the thermal pulses delivered to the heat sink. Integrated thermometers also measure external and body temperature to adjust accordingly.
Learn more about MADMEC at http://madmec.mit.edu
Third-place prize went to PolySolar, a team of students who developed a concept for polymer-based solar cells that are inexpensive, efficient, and stick to any surface. Three other teams competed in the contest. EZ Iron experimented with creating metal from powder. Another team, Infilterators, bonded amino acids with carbon to create a polymer that can be applied to water filters to remove heavy metal ions, such as lead and mercury. And Therminator combined graphene oxide with carbon nanotubes to create thin films that can be applied to silicon chips to help them cool faster.
Sam Shames, Matt Smith, and Mike Gibson receive the winning certificate for Wristify. “What we developed is a wearable, wrist-based technology that leverages human sensitivity, can detect and perfect rates of change, and can maintain overall thermal comfort while reducing the need to heat and cool buildings,” Shames says. With the prize money, the team plans to further develop the prototype, using advanced algorithms to better automate the thermal pulses, among other things. Other Wristify co-inventors were graduate students Mike Gibson and David Cohen-Tanugi, and postdoc Matt Smith. Two other teams won second and third place prizes, earning $6,000 and $4,000, respectively. Taking second place was GeckoLight, a team of four engineering students who developed inexpensive, small LED lights — powered by solar-powered, rechargeable batteries — that can stick to any surface, including skin.
The sticky material on the back of the lights is based on geckos’ feet — which are equipped with a forest of small hairs that stick to surfaces — and the fine filaments mussels use to dangle on rocks without breaking loose. The team’s idea is to replace kerosene-based fuels that release 19 million tons of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere per year — especially in developing countries.
Ritchie Chen demonstrates GeckoLight’s utility. Some former MADMEC teams have gone on to start companies to commercialize their inventions. One successful example has been Levant Power, which placed third in the first MADMEC, in 2007. The company, which designed shock absorbers that improve vehicle handling while generating electricity to improve overall efficiency, has performed successful tests with the U.S. military and with city buses in New York. This year’s competition, the eighth annual occurrence, is underway, with twelve project teams entered and over thirty student participants. All are invited to the final presentations and award ceremony, to be held September 19, 1:00p.m., in 6-120; check out the MADMEC website for updates on the teams’ progress.
Rob Matheson, MIT News Office
Awards and Honors F A C U L T Y H O N O R S Polina Anikeeva the inaugural recipient of the Dresselhaus Award, established this year by Institute Professor Millie Dresselhaus with the proceeds of her Kavli Award. Professor Anikeeva also participated in an MIT panel on Women in Academia, presented by the Undergraduate Women in Physics and held in honor of Prof. Dresselhaus’s contributions to women and junior faculty. Other panelists were former president Susan Hockfield, and Professors Barbara Liskov, Paola Cappellaro, and Molly Potter. Angela Belcher was featured on NOVA, in an episode titled “Making Stuff Wilder.” David Pogue, the show’s host, interviewed her about using “nature’s toolbox” to address technological challenges. Michael Demkowicz was recognized with the Graduate Materials Council (GMC) Best Teaching Award this year. Professor Demkowicz teaches 3.22: Mechanical Behavior of Materials, and he has created a new subject, 3.33: Defects in Materials. Jeff Grossman was the recipient of many honors this year, from many different organizations, recognizing his excellence in teaching, advising, and research innovations. From the School of Engineering, he received the Bose Award for Excellence in Teaching in recognition of his work in MIT’s undergraduate academic program. He also received the Frank E. Perkins Award for Excellence in Graduate Advising from MIT’s Graduate Student Council; this award recognizes unbounded compassion and dedication towards students; nominations for this award are submitted from students across the Institute. The GMC named him Best Advisor this year. Professor Grossman was elected to join the American Physical Society Fellows. His citation read, “For important contributions to the development and application of quantum Monte Carlo methods for electronic structure calculations, and the use of first principles methods to predict the properties of materials and nanostructures and the microscopic level.” Professor Grossman received a Professor Amar G. Bose
Research Grant for his proposal “Coal for Photovoltaics: Let it Shine Instead of Burn.” Seven proposals, out of one hundred submitted, were selected for funding. Recipients will receive $500,000 over three years. Linn Hobbs was honored by the British government with a reception in his honor recognizing his many years of coordinating the international collaborations between the U.S. and the U.K. Professor Hobbs has advised the Marshall scholarships, the Fulbright, the Gates. He is also the advisor for the MIT partnerships with Cambridge University and Imperial College, London. Michael Rubner has been named a Fellow of the Materials Research Society. The citation reads, “For pioneering research in layer-by-layer assembly of functional thin films; inspirational mentoring of two generations of materials scientists; and visionary leadership in the materials community worldwide.” Donald R. Sadoway, the John F. Elliott Professor of Materials Chemistry, delivered the fall 2013 Wulff Lecture to a full house in 10-250. His lecture was entitled “Electrochemical Pathways Towards Sustainability,” and focused on his research group's development of liquid metal batteries for home- and grid-level energy storage, and molten oxide electrolysis for metals production. In addition to explaining the principles behind these technologies, Prof. Sadoway outlined his approach towards sustainable materials development, stressing the factors of elemental abundance, cost, and local availability. The Wulff Lecture is an introductory, entertaining lecture which serves to educate, inspire, and encourage MIT undergraduates to take up the study of materials science and engineering. It honors the late Professor John Wulff, a skilled, provocative, and entertaining teacher who conceived of a new approach to teaching general chemistry and inaugurated the popular freshman subject, 3.091 Introduction to Solid State Chemistry. Professor Sadoway received the 2014 Norm Augustine Award for Outstanding Achievement in Engineering Communication from the American Association of Engineering Societies.
U N D E R G R A D U A T E A W A R D S At Commencement, Colleen Loynachan ’14 was named Outstanding Senior and also received the award for the Outstanding Senior Thesis. She was the SUMS President this Academic Year. Her thesis, “Targeted Magnetic Nanoparticles for Remote Manipulation of Protein Aggregation,” was supervised by Prof. Polina Anikeeva. She recently presented her work at an MRS talk in late April. During her time at MIT she participated in the Oxford exchange program, received the Barry Goldwater Scholarship, elected to Tau Beta Pi, and was a TA in 3.014. She is also the recipient of the 2014 Henry Ford II Scholar Award, for “the senior in the School of Engineering who has attained the highest academic record at the end of the third year and who has exceptional potential for leadership in the profession of engineering and in society.” She will attend Imperial College next year as a Marshall Scholar before enrolling at Stanford University’s MS&E department. DMSE’s other recipient of the Outstanding Senior Award was Sam Shames ’14. Sam was a member of Prof. Grossman’s research group and a TA in 3.012 Fundamentals of Materials Science and Engineering for two years. He was a championship wrestler, wrote for The Tech, helped with MIT’s edX initiative, was an MIT tour guide, and in his spare time ran the 2014 Boston as a member of MIT Strong team. Sam will work full time next year at Wristify, a start-up that grew out of his team’s winning MADMEC project. He was also a Hertz Fellowship finalist. Erica Lai ’14 was the recipient of the Horace A. Lubin Award for DMSE Community Service. Erica served as the SUMS Career Development Chair for two years. She initiated the Feast with Faculty program and organized panel discussions on graduate school and careers in industry. Max Ramundo ’14 was awarded the Joseph M. Dhosi Outstanding Internship Award. His internship report, “Processing and Phase Transformations in Nano CeramicReinforced Quasicrystalline Aluminum Alloys,” was supervised by Dr. Marina Galino. His DMSE faculty internship advisor was Prof. David Roylance. After graduation, he will do a 6-month internship with Ferrari, S.p.A. in Maranello, Italy, as part of their graduate program. 14
Inbar Yamin ’15 received the Julian Szekely Award for the Outstanding Junior. In addition to her outstanding aca-
demic performance, Inbar has taught Hebrew to beginners, been a departmental tutor, is involved with MIT Hillel, and has worked as a UROP. Sarah Warkander ’16 was named Outstanding Sophomore. The Department conferred an Undergraduate Teaching Award on William Dickson ’14 and Mary Breton ’14, for their significant contributions to 3.091r. Professor Michael Cima wrote, “Will and Mary were my key collaborators last semester for the 3.091r experiment. I can say it would not have happened without their devotion to doing a great job.” Haewoo Kim, Colleen Loynachan, and Caitlin Sample were all invited to join Phi Beta Kappa. Hanna Vincent ’14 was named a 2014 honorable mention All-American by the Intercollegiate Sailing Association. She was captain of the MIT Women’s Sailing Team. G R A D U A T E A W A R D S At Commencement, the department presented two awards for the Best Ph.D. Thesis: to Satoru Emori of the Beach Group for his thesis, “Domain Walls Driven by Interfacial Phenomena; and to Tongjai Chookajorn of Professor Schuh’s group for her thesis, “Enhancing Stability of Powder-Route Nanocrystalline Tungsten-Titanium via Alloy Thermodynamics.” Satoru is currently a post-doc at Northeastern University. Tongjai will perform a post-doc at MIT and then work as a research scientist at the National Metal and Materials Technology Center in Thailand. Jocelyn Newhouse received the Ph.D. Distinction Award for her thesis, “Modeling the Operating Voltage of Liquid Metal Battery Cells,” advised by Prof. Don Sadoway. Currently, Jocelyn is a post-doc with Prof. Elsa Olivetti. The Graduate Student Teaching Award was presented to Oliver Kent Johnson for his work in 3.21 Kinetic Processes of Materials, taught by Prof. Carl Thompson who said, “without Oliver’s outstanding assistance this term, 3.21 could have been a disaster.” The DMSE Community Service Award was presented to Alexandra Toumar for her dedication to the department and to the community around us. Since coming to MIT
three years ago, she has been the GMC President, Coffee Hour coordinator, Co-President of the Women of Materials Science, GSC representative for the Title IX student working group, and the Public Service Center liaison. Wenxuan Huang received the Exceptional 1st-Year Student Performance Award. He came to MIT from the National University of Singapore; he was nominated for this award by his thesis advisor, Professor Gerbrand Ceder, “Wenxuan has an intellectual depth that I rarely experience, even at MIT, and a research intensity that drives him to tackle important fundamental problems.” The John Wulff Excellence in Teaching Awards were presented to Rachel Zucker and Donghum Kim. Rachel was a TA for 3.044 Materials Processing (Spring 2012, Spring 2013) and 3.016 Mathematical Models for Materials Scientists and Engineers (Fall 2012, Fall 2013), and Donghun was a TA for 3.091 Introduction to Solid-State Chemistry (Fall 2013). Benjamin Grena from the Fink Group was a runner-up at MIT’s Polymer Day poster contest. Benjamin’s poster was titled, “Porous Polymeric Domains in Thermally-Drawn Fibers.” Polymer Day is sponsored by the Program in Polymer Science and Technology, PPST. Two DMSE graduate students were included in Forbes magazine’s annual lists of “30 Under 30,” young innovators who will change the world. David Cohen-Tanugi and Sophie Ni were both included in the Energy and Industry list. David was recognized for his work with the MIT Water Club and for his participation in “Wristify,” this year’s winning MADMEC team. Sophie is a co-founder of Takachar, an organization that is working to create valuable charcoal for home cooking from organic waste discarded in some of the world’s poorest cities. Abishek Kashinath received one of the three graduate student awards presented at the DOE energy frontier research center (EFRC) conference in Washington, DC in 2013. The DOD has funded approximately 50 EFRCs at universities, and all participants were invited to the conference. About 15 finalists were chosen to give presentations that were judged for scientific merit, clarity of
communication, and how well they represented the effort of their respective EFRCs. Abishek is a member of the Demkowicz Group. One of the other winners was Maria Luckyanova from Prof. Gang Chen’s group in MechE. S T A F F A W A R D At the School of Engineering Infinite Mile Awards Ceremony, the Ellen J. Mandigo Award for Outstanding Service was presented to Gerry Hughes. Gerry joined DMSE as the Facilities Manager in 2001, with responsibilities for repairs, renovations, maintenance, and relocations in labs and offices across five buildings. This year, Gerry received his Master of Science in Facilities Management. We are proud of his accomplishments and grateful for the expertise, understanding, and good humor he brings to MIT every day. A L U M N I N E W S Richard Bradt ’60 received the 2013 W.D. Kingery Award from the American Ceramic Society. Dr. Bradt, emeritus professor of engineering at the University of Alabama, recalls taking 3.76 with Professor Kingery and using classnotes that later became Introduction to Ceramics. Julia Jaskolska ’13 was awarded the Zonta J. M. Klausman Women in Business Scholarship to support her graduate study at Cambridge University where she is enrolled in the master’s program in Engineering for Sustainable Development. She is one of twelve young women scholars internationally who received this honor. Tim Mueller, Ph.D. ’07, an assistant professor of materials science and engineering at Johns Hopkins University, will receive an NSF CAREER Award. Regina Valluzzi, ’89, had a solo exhibition at the Governor’s Academy in Byfield, Mass. Dr. Valluzzi is an artist who uses novel techniques to create paintings that often illustrate materials science principles. “Nano Night Music” is currently on view in DMSE’s conference room, 6-103. Anton Van der Ven, Ph.D. 2000, is now Associate Professor of Materials at the University of California, Santa Barbara.
Retirement Linn Walker Hobbs has an insatiable curiosity and a great breadth of knowledge and, in retirement, we are sure he will take that curiosity to accumulate even more knowledge on an even greater breadth of topics. Linn received his Bachelor's degree summa cum laude from Northwestern University in 1966. He holds the D. Phil. degree from Oxford University (1972), where he was a Marshall Scholar. He continued at Oxford as an NSF Postdoctoral Fellow and was elected a Research Fellow of Wolfson College, Oxford (1972–76). Prior to coming to MIT, he was Associate Professor of Ceramic Science at Case Western Reserve University and before that Section Leader in the Defects in Solids Group, Materials Development Division, U.K. Atomic Energy Research Establishment at Harwell. His research interests in radiation effects in ceramics and other materials, atomistic structures of glasses, and hightemperature corrosion of metals led him to join the MIT faculty in 1981. He has held joint appointments in the Departments of Materials Science and Engineering and Nuclear Science and Engineering, has served as Associate Chair of the MIT Faculty (1993–95), and has chaired many Institute committees, many of which form and advise the undergraduate academic experience, including global education opportunities. He is President of MIT's chapter of Sigma Xi, the Scientific Research Society, and for a decade was chair of DMSE’s graduate program. He won MIT’s Arthur C. Smith Award for sustained contributions to MIT’s undergraduate program in 2002. Linn has a deep understanding of materials properties, analytical techniques, and processing technologies. He has held leadership positions in the Microscopy Society of America, MRS, ACerS, and other organizations. He has shared his expertise by organizing many workshops and conferences and serving on many editorial boards and advisory committees.
In 2001, he was made an Officer of the Order of the British Empire, in recognition of his many years working with the Marshall, Rhodes, Gates, and Churchill scholar programs.
Besides his research interests, he is an expert in antiquarian horology, cartography, 18th- and early 19th-century fortepianos, oenology, and amateur radio. His IAP offering, In Vino Veritas, has been called MIT’s most popular class (offered for over three decades), with no p-sets, no exams, and no lab assignments, but many good wines and good conversation. He is married to Dr. Linda Cunningham and he has two children, Susannah Howe, a professor of engineering at Smith College, and Franklin Hobbs, a DMSE instructor. Linn is dedicated to helping DMSE students with their research and future plans and to assisting the many students, at MIT and elsewhere, who are candidates for the international scholar programs. He is a devoted colleague and friend, a person who creates and sustains relationships with all those around him, concerned for their well-being and interested in their lives. He wish him the very best in the future—he will be impossible to replace.
Obituaries R O B E R T E . O G I L V I E , 1 9 2 3 – 2 0 1 3 Robert E. Ogilvie, Professor Emeritus of Metallurgy in the Department of Materials Science and Engineering, passed away after brief illness on September 3, 2013. He was 89. Professor Ogilvie’s academic foundation in metallurgy and his insatiable curiosity led him to become a worldrenowned expert in the detection of art forgeries, the construction of samurai swords, and the analysis of meteorites. His diverse research interests connected him to many communities where he formed strong friendships. In remarks that he gave at Professor Ogilvie’s memorial service at the MIT Chapel on 28 September 2013, Professor Yet-Ming Chiang said “Bob was an MIT original. To me, he embodied the unique meritocracy that is one of MIT’s core values, where you can come from anywhere, including rural Idaho, and by virtue of scientific ability, rise to the very top of your profession. He also epitomized that combination of scientific curiosity, technological practicality, lifelong self-learning, love of discovery, and love of teaching that represents the best of MIT.” Born in Wallace, Idaho, in 1923, Bob served in the Navy during World War II, and then pursued undergraduate studies at Gonzaga University and the University of Washington. He came to MIT for graduate school in 1950, studying x-ray absorption analysis with Professor John T. Norton. “In the mid 1960s, he built one of the very first electron microprobes, launching the field of electron probe microanalysis, or EPMA. This is a technique that uses a finely focused electron beam to measure the elemental makeup of materials at micrometer length scales by exciting the emission of X-rays that are characteristic of the elements within. In many ways, EPMA was to that era what nanotechnology, and the enabling nanometer-scale probes are to us today. It allowed for the first time the analysis of materials constitution at length scale that were then unprecedented. It is fair to say that without microanalysis, nanoanalysis would not exist today. EPMA is still in widespread use today, for instance in the field of geology, as is a methodology for quantitative analysis that bears Bob’s name. The Ziebold-Ogilvie analysis, developed with Bob’s
student Tom Ziebold and published in two papers in 1963 and 1964, enabled the precise quantification of unknown compositions using appropriate reference standards. Based on this early research, Bob became a cornerstone of the Microbeam Society, in which he was active for many years, including serving as its President.” His graduate research led to the development of the electron microbeam probe and the founding of AMR, Inc. with Professor Norton. Also at that time, he began working with William Young, founder of the Research Lab at the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, and developed a long collaboration and supportive relationship with what is now the Department of Conservation and Collections Management at the MFA and with conservators and conservation scientists there and elsewhere. He was instrumental in establishing the series of workshops and publications on the Application of Science in the Examination of Works of Art. His use of the electron microprobe in detecting forgeries and authenticating art was the subject of cover stories in Technology Review and Saturday Review. “Bob was also instrumental in fostering the growth of transmission electron microscopy within our Department
starting in the early 1970’s. ... He came into possession of a valuable and then state-of-the-art TEM, the Philips EM300. Bob subsequently donated this instrument to help launch the Central Facility for electron microscopy that continues to this day within our Center for Materials Science and Engineering.”
Bob is survived by children Claudia Ogilvie of Pittsfield, MA, Marylee Bergin of Ridgewood, NJ, and Rob Scott Ogilvie of Nashville, TN, as well as grandchildren Robert C. Ogilvie, John G. Ogilvie, Alex Bergin, and Zoe Bergin. Donations may be made to the St. Labre Indian School, 1000 Tongue River Rd., Ashland, Montana.
Another application of the electron microanalyzer was the examination of meteorites; the instrument could determine the objects’ thermal history and the size of the original body of which the meteorite was a fragment. Bob was a member of the Harvard-Smithsonian Meteorite Discussion group, and in 2000 he was recognized for his longtime involvement and contributions with a named minor planet, 3973 Ogilvie.
L A R R Y K A U F M A N , 1 9 3 0 – 2 0 1 3 Dr. Lawrence Kaufman, Sc.D. ‘55, died in Israel on December 3, 2013. Larry was the developer of the CALPHAD (CALculation of PHAse Diagrams) method of computational thermodynamics, a scientific approach that is considered one of the most powerful tools available for materials design.
Bob had a long fascination with the creation and structure of samurai swords, leading him to visit swordmakers in Japan, including the famous Gassan family. His extensive collection of samples and data has been invaluable for students and scholars. “Bob loved scientific mysteries. For a number of years, he attempted to reproduce the Chinese magic mirror in his laboratory. This device is a cast handmirror in which you can see your image like any ordinary mirror, but if light is reflected off of it and onto the wall or ceiling, an artistic pattern or writing appears in the projected image. If you asked Ogilvie how it worked, the answer was always ‘It’s magic!’”
Larry was outgoing and energetic. He founded CALPHAD, Inc., which produces a journal published by Elsevier and also organizes an annual conference. CALPHAD conferences are held in various locations around the world, in sites that are historic and scenic; family members are welcome to attend and the organizers arrange tours, banquets, and visits to cultural and historic sites. These conferences have contributed to the close-knit nature of the CALPHAD community.
At MIT, Bob taught “Fundamentals of Crystallography and X-Ray Diffraction,” “Electron Optics,” “Materials Laboratory,” and “Celestial Navigation.” “Bob helped to establish, and then taught for many years, one of the legacy courses of our Department, an undergraduate course on the characterization of materials known that was known for 30 years by its MIT course number 3.081, and which continues today as Course 3.014. With Bob, you would remember the core principles of materials science and engineering because you could not forget his stories, delivered with such wonder, wit, and humor.”
He directed the X-Ray and Electron Optics Lab at MIT and served as President of the Electron Probe Analysis Society of America. An avid sailor, he sailed “Op-Tiki,” a 36-foot Cheoy Lee ketch, around the world with his son Rob.
As a visiting lecturer, Larry made the CALPHAD method accessible to MIT students, helping them with classsroom and research projects and offering tutorials in ThermoCalc. CALPHAD is now regarded by some as a foundation to the Materials Genome project. CALPHAD is organizing a memorial scholarship in his name. Our condolences to his wife Sandra and to his many friends world-wide.
Donors Omar S. Abdul-Hamid PhD ’93 Paul H. Adler SM ’81* Yoshihiko Aihara SM ’92 Ariya Akthakul SM ’98, PhD ’03* Adrian E. Albrethsen PhD ’63 Benjamin C. Allen SM ’54, ScD ’57* Samuel M. Allen SM ’71, PhD ’75* Carl J. Altstetter ScD ’58 Linda J. Anthony SM ’76, PhD ’80* Frank F. Aplan ScD ’57 Rand S. April Arthur H. Aronson ’58* Chester L. Balestra ’66, ScD ’71* Simon C. Bellemare PhD ’06 Sreekar Bhaviripudi PhD ’07 Kenneth J. Bialkin John E. Blendell SM ’76, ScD ’79 David F. Bliss SM ’81 Gabriel Bochi PhD ’95 Valerie Jordan Booden ’95* J. Robert Booth ScD ’72* H. Kent Bowen PhD ’71* Brittany Boyd Tracy Barnum Braun ScD ’74 Ignatius L. Britto PhD ’82 Harold D. Brody ’60, SM ’61, ScD ’65 Katharine T. Brody S. ’60 ’91 William E. Brower, Jr. PhD ’69* Caryl B. Brown SM ’95* Paul E. Brown ’56, SM ’57, ScD ’61* Susan Ipri Brown SM ’95* Relva C. Buchanan ScD ’64 Leonard J. Buckley SM ’81, PhD ’86 Camille and Henry Dreyfus Foundation* John C. Campbell SM ’57* Gary M. Carinci PhD ’89 Douglas J. Carlson ScD ’89* Bonny J. Schwenke Carmicino ’86* Susan L. Carvey Julius Chang ’81, SM ’82, PhD ’89 Andrew Chen SM ’91, PhD ’95* Katherine C. Chen PhD ’96* Patty P. Chen ’03, MNG ’04 Jeremy Cheng ’01* June F. Cheng ’99, SM ’00 Chung-Yi Chiang PhD ’08 Brymer H. Chin ’74* Grace Chin
Patrick K. Chin ’85* David R. Chipman ’49, ScD ’55* Yung H. Choi SM ’76 Roland Tuck-Chow Choo ScD ’91* Manoj K. Choudhary ScD ’80* Uma Chowdhry PhD ’76* Kuo Chin Chuang PhD ’65* Stephen Chwastiak PhD ’63* Harold R. Clark PhD ’82* William S. Coblenz SM ’77, PhD ’81 Kevin R. Coffey PhD ’89 Richard E. Cole SM ’52 Aliki K. Collins PhD ’87* Brett Page Conner SM ’00, PhD ’02 Normand D. Corbin SM ’82* Jeanne L. Courter PhD ’81* David C. Cranmer SM ’78, PhD ’81* Joan H. Cranmer SM ’81 Jianyi Cui PhD ’07 Shannon L. Dahl ’99* Vivek R. Dave SM ’91, PhD ’95 Daniel B. Dawson SM ’67, ScD ’73* T.M. De Fromont De Bouaille SM ’79 Mark R. De Guire PhD ’87* Irene R. Dhosi Bradley J. Dinerman Carl L. Dohrman PhD ’08 Chun Christine Dong PhD ’90* Alfred L. Donlevy SM ’63* Thomas M. Donnellan SM ’82, ScD ’88* Mary C. Doswell SM ’82 Dow Chemical Company Joseph M. Driear ScD ’80* James L. Drummond SM ’70* Charles S. Dudney PhD ’78 Edmund C. Duffy Georges J. Duval SM ’71 Andreas T. Echtermeyer SM ’85, PhD ’88* Jonathan Mark Edward MNG ’08 Gregory J. Ekchian MNG ’10 James J. Elacqua Frances P. Elliott* Engineered Fibers Technology, LLC Exxon Mobil Corporation* David J. Fanger SM ’96* Michael J. Fasolka PhD ’00 Robert S. Feigelson SM ’61* Sally Feldman Warren L. Feldman
M C G A R R Y F U N D We are delighted to announce that thanks to the family, friends, and collaborators of Professor McGarry, the Frederick J. McGarry Fund for Mentorship and Advising has been formally established. We are especially grateful for a major contribution from the Dow Corning Foundation. This fund will support mentoring and advising activities for junior faculty, undergraduates, graduate students, and post-docs. Funds will be specifically available to support activities encouraging women in materials science.
Professor Frederick J. McGarry One of the fund’s beneficiaries will be the Women of Materials Science, a group of primarly graduate students and post-docs who meet throughout the academic year and offer resources to the community. They provide mentoring to other students. This funding will allow them to increase their programs to provide science instruction to local area schools and other groups and to bring in speakers from academia and industry. Over the next year, we will continue to fundraise, hoping to create an endowment that can support these activities in perpetuity. If you are interested in contributing, please contact Heather Upshaw, DMSE Leadership Giving Officer, email@example.com, 617-324-4284.
1861 Circle member (have given annually for five or more years). Deceased this year.
MIT and DMSE thank our generous donors for their support of Course III during the fiscal year ending in June 2013. The donor list for 2013–14 will be printed in our winter issue. Gifts can be made by visiting http://giving.mit.edu.
August Ferretti NON ’59* Davis S. Fields, Jr. SM ’54, ScD ’57* Paul M. Fleishman SM ’82 Frederick B. Fletcher ScD ’72* Marie-Theres Flueler George Foo ScD ’77 Gordon E. Forward ScD ’66 Heather Forward S. ML ’66 Linda Francescone Robert A. Frank ’83, SM ’85, ScD ’89* Robert L. Freed PhD ’78* David J. Friedman Eric J. Friedman Douglas W. Fuerstenau ScD ’53* John P. Furfaro Robert J. Furlong, Jr. SM ’77* John Gardiner Barry H. Garfinkel Terry J. Garino PhD ’87 Frank W. Gayle ScD ’85* H. Lee Gearhart ’76 Max E. Gellert ’48*† Amalkumar P. Ghosh PhD ’85
Ralph G. Gilliland PhD ’68* Emilio Giraldez Paredes PhD ’86* Stacy Holander Gleixner ’92 Andrew John Gmitter SM ’08 Daniel S. Gnanamuthu MTE ’72* Frederick T. Goldberg, Jr. Marjorie Goldner Joseph I. Goldstein ’60, SM ’62, ScD ’64* Cuiling Gong SM ’96, PhD ’99 Lori M. Goodenough SM ’02 Louis Goodman Robert S. Goodof ’72, SM ’73* Frank E. Goodwin SM ’76, ScD ’79 Taras Z. Gorishnyy PhD ’07* John P. Gorman SM ’02 David M. Goy SM ’86* Granahan Investment Management, Inc. Mark L. Green PhD ’88 Martin L. Green PhD ’78* Paula S. Greenman* Manohar S. Grewal ScD ’72*
Vernon Griffiths ScD ’55* Richard J. Grossman Honglin Guo PhD ’98* Dean H. Hall ’67, SM ’73 Carol A. Handwerker ’77, SM ’78, ScD ’83 David W. Hansen Kent F. Hansen ’53, ScD ’59* Robert A. Hard SM ’49, ScD ’57* Wayne C. Hasz SM ’84 Adam S. Helfant ’85* Laurel E. Henschel Darrel Hieber Gregory J. Hildeman ScD ’78* Allon I. Hochbaum ’03 Dale V. Hodson ’79 Eric Richards Homer PhD ’10 Michel P. Hosdain SM ’57* Jimmy C. Hsiao Peter Yaw-Ming Hsieh SM ’99* Lily Huang ’88, SM ’89 Gordon Hunter ’80, SM ’81, PhD ’84* Min-Ha Hwang PhD ’01 Jang-Hi Im ’71, ScD ’76
Anthony J. Ives ’96, MCP ’97* Jack & Pauline Freeman Foundation Mark H. Jhon ’01* Timothy V. Johnson ScD ScD ’87* David M. Jonas PhD ’92 Tamala R. Jonas SM ’89, PhD ’93 Janet L. Jozwiak ’82 Claudia I. Joyce Deborah A. Kadlick Richard F. Kadlick Harold Kahn PhD ’92 Debra L. Kaiser ScD ’85* Karsten August Kallevig ’99* Junichi Kaneko SM ’65, ScD ’67* Alexandra G. Kat PhD ’92* Theodoulos Z. Kattamis SM ’63, ScD ’65* Allan P. Katz ’69* Robert Nathan Katz ’61, PhD ’69* Jiro Kawamoto SM ’84, PhD ’88 Thomas E. Kazior PhD ’82*
D M S E E N D O W E D F E L L O W S H I P S U P D A T E Graduate students are critical to MIT’s continued strength In academic year 2013–14, 37 incoming graduate stuand vitality, and funding for graduate fellowships is our dents were supported on a combination of funding from highest departmental priority. In the past, we have the Class of 1939 Course III Graduate Fellowship Fund awarded fellowships to some incoming students, while the (established for their 50th reunion in 1989), the Morris rest either received outside funding or joined a research Cohen (1933) Fellowship Fund, the Nicholas J. Grant group as soon as they arrived at MIT. Over the past Graduate Fellowship Fund, the Carl M Loeb, Jr. (1928) decade, DMSE has stated that graduate fellowships are Fellowship in Materials Engineering, the H.F. Taylor Felour primary fundraising goal so we can promise every inlowship Fund, the Gilbert Y Chin (1959) Graduate Felcoming student full tuition, stipend, and insurance suplowship Fund, the Ronald A. Kurtz Graduate Fellowship port—this support allows students to take time to find the Fund, the John F Elliott Graduate Fellowship Fund, the right research group for their interests and to dedicate Anne M. Mayes (1986) Fellowship in Materials Science & themselves to the core curriculum. Engineering, the David V. Ragone (1951) Endowed Graduate Fellowship, the Danae and Vasilis Salapatas FellowFor the past two years, we have made a significant step ship Fund, and the Stuart Uram (1956) Endowed towards that goal, and all incoming students have been Fellowship Fund. supported on fellowships until they have joined a research group at some point in their first semester. Two factors DMSE’s faculty and administration are deeply grateful to have made this possible: 1) careful use of the endowed all supporters of these funds and for other funding funds and reinvestment of the income has increased the sources, including MIT’s Presidential Fellowships, MITEI number of students we can support; and 2) our great facfellowships, NSF funding, and the Hertz Foundation. ulty have sufficient research funds to support these stuWithout them, our students and faculty would not be able dents. Our goal is to continue to build funding to support to continue to perform the exciting and groundbreaking all incoming grad students for at least their first semester. work that happens every day at MIT.
Stuart P. Keeler ’57, ScD ’61 Ashish S. Kelkar SM ’01* Ryan J. Kershner ’98, PhD ’04* Joan E. Kertz SM ’01 Heinz Killias PhD ’64* Yong-Kil Kim PhD ’88* Lionel C. Kimerling ’65, PhD ’69* Christopher G. King ’82* Kenton J. King David B. Knorr SM ’77, ScD ’81* Iwao Kohatsu PhD ’71* Laura Lynn Beecroft Kramer ’91* George Krauss SM ’58, ScD ’61* William Kuhlman PhD ’07 S. Andrew Kulin ’49, ScD ’51 Shuba Kumar SM ’96* David M. Kundrat ScD ’80 Charles R. Kurkjian ScD ’55 Melody M.H. Kuroda ’98, SM ’01* Ka-Siu Lai SM ’76, MTE ’78 Raymond K.F. Lam ScD ’88* Thomas Andrew Langdo PhD ’01 Amelia M. Lapena ’94* Felix Lau SM ’01* David E. Laughlin PhD ’73 Michael R. Lebo PhD ’71 Arthur K. Lee SM ’80, PhD ’84 Chia-Hua Lee SM ’08 David S. Lee SM ’76, ScD ’81 Eva C. Lee ’98* Hyuck Mo Lee PhD ’89 Jae-Gab Lee PhD ’91 Jonq-Ren Lee PhD ’95 Lidia H. Lee PhD ’84* Minjoo Lawrence Lee PhD ’03 Charles A. Lewinsohn ’87* Kathy Hsinjung Li ’05, MNG ’06* Matthew R. Libera SM ’83, ScD ’87 Jenny A. Lichter ’04, PhD ’09* Pimpa Limthongkul PhD ’02 Ching-Te Lin SM ’96, PhD ’98* Minfa Lin ScD ’90* Pinyen Lin PhD ’90* Ulf H. Lindborg ScD ’65* Yachin Liu PhD ’91 Herbert W. Lloyd SM ’52* Lockheed Martin Corporation* Libby K. Louie PhD ’97 Jeri A. Loynachan Ralph E. Loynachan Michael D. Lubin ’52, PhD ’67* Anne T. Lundegran Charles E. Lyman PhD ’74* John P. Lynch, Jr.’52* * †
Bruce A. MacDonald SM ’61, PhD ’64* Sanjeev Makan SM ’97* Kira E. Marciniak ’99 Louis J. Martel ’56 Thomas O. Mason PhD ’77* Lawrence J. Masur SM ’82, PhD ’88* Pracheeshwar S. Mathur SM ’68, ScD ’72* Satoru Matsuo PhD ’93* John E. Matz SM ’93, ScD ’99* Robert L. McCormick SM ’82, PhD ’85* Martha McGarry May Chin McGrew* Michael E. McHenry PhD ’88 Joanna M. McKittrick PhD ’88 Stephen A. Metz ’67, PhD ’70* Gary A. Miller ’60, SM ’61, ScD ’65* Thomas P. Moffat ScD ’89* Francois R. Mollard SM ’60, ScD ’67 Jorge Monreal MNG ’07 Edmund H. Moore SM ’87 Mike Naeve Samuel K. Nash SM ’48, ScD ’51* Leah N. Nation ’11* Harvey R. Nesor ’61* David L. Ngau ’97* Trinh Tran Nguyen PhD ’06* Henry J. Nusbaum PhD ’77* Margaret M. O’Connor SM ’82 Ylva Kristina Olsson SM ’07 Solar C. Olugebefola ’99, PhD ’07 Binu K. Oommen SM ’06 Paul W. Oosterhuis J.I. Orbegozo SM ’65* Alex J. Otto PhD ’91 Albert E. Paladino, Jr. ScD ’62* Satyavolu S. Papa Rao PhD ’96 Tae-Soon Park PhD ’02* Siamrut Patanavanich ’09, SM ’11 Richard W. Pekala SM ’83, ScD ’84* Jason S. Pellegrino ’08* Regis M.N. Pelloux SM ’56, ScD ’58* William J. Penney James S. Perrin ’58* Erin E. Perry ’13 Albert F. Peterson SM ’57 Bradley William Peterson PhD ’06 Robert B. Pincus Alfonso Pinella SM ’66* Kenneth A. Plevan Jerry D. Plunkett PhD ’61 Richard F. Polich SM ’65*
Alan W. Postlethwaite SM ’49* Helen M. Pounds William F. Pounds* Roger Wayne Powell PhD ’74 Daniel T. Quillin ’89* David V. Ragone ’51, SM ’52, ScD ’53* Joe Raguso SM ’91* Krishna Rajan ScD ’78 Richard A. Rawe SM ’58* Dennis W. Readey ScD ’62 Christine M. Reif ’84* Maureen T.F. Reitman ’90, ScD ’93* William H. Rhodes ScD ’65* Margaret A. Ridge-Pappis Richard E. Riman PhD ’87 Tilghman Lee Rittenhouse SM ’99 Martin D. Robbins SM ’56* Michael Rogan Neil E. Rogen SM ’56, MTE ’57 StJulien P. Rosemond ’09 Alan R. Rosenfield ’53, SM ’55, ScD ’59* Katherine C. Ruhl S. ML ’67* Robert C. Ruhl PhD ’67* Scott Ivan Rushfeldt MNG ’05 Russell, Briar & Co. LLP Anil K. Sachdev ScD ’77* Sajan Saini PhD ’04 Saint-Gobain Ceramics & Plastics* Jack P. Salerno PhD ’83 Srikanth B. Samavedam PhD ’98* K.K. Sankaran PhD ’78* Catherine Marie Bambenek Santini PhD ’02 John T. Santini, Jr. PhD ’99 Bryan K. Scanlon Liselotte J. Schioler ScD ’83 Erika K. Schutte ’95 Elliot M. Schwartz ’89, PhD ’95 Schwartz MSL LLC James J. Scutti ’80, SM ’82 Joyce Seitz Dipanjan Sen PhD ’11 Edward O. Shaffer PhD ’95 Andrew M. Sherman ’67, PhD ’72* William M. Sherry PhD ’78 Akihiko Shibutani SM ’77 Bruce M. Shields SM ’52* Richard A. Singer PhD ’92 Sachchida N. Singh ScD ’87 John H. Smith ScD ’64* Marian Bamford Smith ’59* Daniel Knight Sparacin PhD ’06 Barbara H. Spreng Douglas C. Spreng ’65* Edward S. Sproles, Jr. ScD ’76*
1861 Circle member (have given annually for five or more years). Deceased this year.
Charles Stein SM ’54, MTE ’60, ScD ’62 Edward T. Stephenson, Jr. SM ’56* Milton G. StromYusuf Sumartha SM ’97 Jin Suntivich ScD ’12 Alan W. Swanson PhD ’72* William J. Sweet, Jr. Joy Szekely* Peter Tarassoff ScD ’62* Denise J. Thomas Edwin L. Thomas Robert Tiernan PhD ’69 Edmund Y Ting SM ’80, ScD ’84 Ellen S. Tormey PhD ’82* Sha-Li Tsai S. ML ’96* Chi-Yuan A. Tsao PhD ’90* John C. Turn, Jr. PhD ’79* Douglas John Twisselmann PhD ’01 Leo F.P. Van Swam SM ’70, ScD ’73* Krystyn Joy Van Vliet PhD ’02 Pamela Bowren Vandiver SM ’83, PhD ’85 Thomas Vasilos ScD ’54 Robert H. Walat ’93 Hao Wang PhD ’98 Hao Wang PhD ’04 Lorraine C. Wang ’97* Michael J. Wargo ’73, ScD ’82*† Norma M. Webb David O. Welch SM ’62* Edward P. Welch Eric Werwa PhD ’97* Bruce W. Wessels PhD ’73* Jack H. Westbrook ScD ’49 Thomas R. White ’69* George C. Whitfield ’03, MNG ’04, PhD ’12 Peter S. Whitney PhD ’86 George G. Wicks PhD ’75* Tony A. Wilson ’81 Stanley M. Wolf ScD ’72* John E. Woodilla, Jr. ’58, PhD ’67* Eric John Wu PhD ’02 Yuhong Wu PhD ’03 Earle Yaffa ’63 Thomas A. Yager PhD ’80* Man F. Yan ’70, ScD ’76* Keelan K. Yang ’94, MBA ’02* Tri-Rung Yew SM ’87, PhD ’90* Euijoon Yoon PhD ’90* James Andrew Yurko PhD ’01* Nicole S. Zacharia ’01, PhD ’07 Juris Zagarins MTE ’83* Lirong Zeng PhD ’08 Weixian Zhong MNG ’10 Michael C. Zody ’90, SM ’94* Emmanuel N. Zulueta SM ’80*
M I C H A E L J . W A R G O , ’ 7 3 , S C D ’ 8 2 Mike Wargo, a long-time friend of MIT and our department, passed away unexpectedly August 4, 2013 at his home. He was 61 years old. He is survived by his wife, Adele Morrissette of New York, NY, and brothers John, David, and Robert, all of whom graduated from MIT. We are grateful and touched that his family requested memorial gifts be made to the DMSE Endowed Fellowship Fund by contacting Bonny Kellermann, firstname.lastname@example.org or at 617-253-9722 or through the MIT Giving site https://giving.mit.edu/givenow/michael-wargo.dyn. He held an S.B. in Earth and Planetary Science and a Doc-
sion. A scientific member of many lunar missions, includ-
torate in Materials Science. From the time of his doctoral
ing the Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter and the LCROSS
work with Professor Gus Witt through his research ap-
satellite, he helped map resources for human missions to
pointments at MIT and up to the time of his death, Dr.
the moon and participated in the discovery of ice in the
Wargo maintained a supportive and generous relationship
shadows of lunar craters. In nearly two decades at NASA,
with DMSE. At MIT, he was part of the 3.091 staff for
his numerous awards included NASA’s Exceptional Service
many years, both formally as a TA under Gus Witt and
Medal and seven group achievement awards. He was a
later when Mike would drop by the grading room and
member of the team planning the next robotic mission to
help tackle piles of hundreds of exams. He received the
Mars in 2020 and worked gathering crucial scientific in-
John Wulff Award for Excellence in Teaching and the Hugh Hampton Young Memorial Fund Prize for exhibiting leadership and creativity while maintaining exceptionally broad and interdisciplinary interests. Mike’s friends all fondly remember his good humor, his booming voice, and his generosity with his time and expertise. At the time of his death, he was Chief Exploration Scien-
tist for NASA’s Human Exploration and Operations Mis-
formation needed to allow humans to be sent safely to the moon, Mars, and near-Earth asteroids. Much of his work helped develop a “roadmap” for human and robotic space exploration for the next two decades. In his memory, NASA has asked the International Astronomical Union to name a crater on the moon in his honor “so his name will be forever enshrined in the heavens.”
DMSE 6-113, 77 MASSACHUSETTS AVENUE CAMBRIDGE, MA 02139-4307
D E T O U R S & D I V E R S I O N S If you are coming to campus at any point in the next four years or so, youâ€™ll find that access routes to Building 13 and the Main Group have changed. On June 9, construction on MIT.nano officially began. This new building, on the site of Building 12, will house nanofabrication facilties for the MIT research community, a large number of whom are affiliated with DMSE. Professor Vladimir BuloviÄ‡, Associate Dean for Innovation in the School of Engineering and faculty lead for the MIT.nano project, compares building on this site to building a ship in a bottle. While construction is underway, pedestrian traffic will be restricted through the area bounded by Building 13, Mass. Ave., Albany Street, and Building 16. Also beginning June 9, a complete renovation of the foundry, forge and Glass Lab facilties (to be completed by the end of 2014). During this project, parts of the basement corridor will be closed off and the casting,
blacksmithing, and glassblowing facilities are offline until December or so. This summer, we will also construct new student lounge and collaborative spaces on the first floor of Building 4, right across from the Lab for Engineering Materials. We hope relocating these spaces closer to the teaching and project facilities will encourage more spontaneous teamwork and serve as an idea incubator, as well as being a relaxing place for students to gather. Inside are stories on all three of these projects. The MIT campus is constantly under construction, allowing for new facilities and programs, but the new Building 12 MIT.nano and new hands-on facilties are once-in-a-lifetime opportunities to change the way that DMSE does research and offers educational activities. Please be patient with the disruption and plan to celebrate when the construction is complete!