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View of MIT.nano, site of the former Building 12, as the Spring semester began. L E T T E R





Dear Friends, It is an exciting time to be a materials scientist at MIT, and one can see it all around when visiting campus. For the past year, the campus has been changing on a daily basis: Building 12 is entirely gone and we see daily progress on the the new Institute-wide priority construction project, “MIT.nano”, rising before our eyes at the center of campus. This new building’s state-of-the-art clean rooms, fabrication facilities, and materials characterization suite will dramatically accelerate materials research at MIT. We eagerly await the building’s completion in 2018. At the same time that MIT’s physical facilities are rapidly evolving, DMSE’s



New Hires:


Research News:


In Memoriam:


faculty and staff are rapidly changing as well, as the department has enjoyed ~20% growth over the past five years. In the following pages, you will find biographical info on four young materials scientists who have accepted offers to join the faculty ranks of our department in the past year. They bring new strengths and interests to our academic and research endeavors. As always, the DMSE faculty are garnering international attention, and it is a pleasure to share with you in the pages of this newsletter their latest promotions and awards. Our faculty also occupy leadership roles in large research enterprises and major academic initiatives at MIT and elsewhere. We are grateful for their dedication to their work and to our field. If you have the opportunity to greet any of them, I hope you will congratulate them on their accomplishments. It is often noted that materials research is at the heart of all current technology and societal needs. Our discipline is central to the advancement of communications, energy storage, medicines, surgical instruments, and so much more. Our faculty and students work passionately at the forefront of these areas, and they are leading collaborations with industry, government, and academics to continue to innovate. There are too many stories to share them all, but a handful of research efforts are profiled in this issue of Structure, beginning on page 10. Among these, we are particularly excited about several major manufacturing initiatives that are bringing millions of dollars of research support to MIT, a large portion of which will support DMSE students and faculty. The work done by DMSE’s own Professor Van Vliet in support of these national policy-level efforts speaks to a coming renaissance in manufacturing in this country.


Sadly, in 2015, we lost two giants in our field. Professor Harry Gatos and Professor Régis Pelloux both died last year. We were fortunate to have the opportunity to celebrate and remember their lives and their careers with their families and students. You will find remembrances of them on pages 24 and 25.

We are also deeply saddened to learn of the deaths of several long-time friends and colleagues. Robert Cammerata, S.B. ’79, was on the faculty of the Department of Materials Science and Engineering at Johns Hopkins. He was a beloved and respected mentor and friend to many in our field. David Holt, Sc.D. ’65, was part of the DMSE community for many years and was a close friend to many faculty and staff. Mark Ralph, S.B. ’76, S.M. ’79, was a valued member of the staff in MIT’s Department of Mechanical Engineering. We send condolences to the families of these good friends. DMSE is a community, one that I am proud to be a part of. I enjoy awestruck moments in an unending sequence as I meet with our alumni, whose global impact has truly changed the world. At the same time, our students continue to amaze me, as they not only juggle an MIT course load, but also lead the way in outreach activities to the local community, pursue entrepreneurial and innovation opportunities, and grow into the best possible ambassadors for our department. Thanks to our current and future alumni, I know that our future is bright, and that our DMSE community will grow and prosper. As always, your good wishes and support are deeply appreciated by everyone here in DMSE. I hope to have the chance to meet you if you happen to be on campus or if I am traveling in your area. With best wishes,

Chris Schuh Department Head Danae and Vasilis Salapatas Professor of Metallurgy 77 Massachusetts Avenue, Building 6-113 Cambridge, MA 02139-4307 617-253-6901 email:

Around DMSE P R O M O T I O N S Krystyn J. Van Vliet was promoted to full professor, effective July 1. Professor Van Vliet received her Sc.B. from Brown University and her Ph.D. from our department. She joined our faculty in 2004 after a post-doctoral appointment at Children’s Hospital in Boston. Her research interests are diverse, leading to collaborations across the Institute and around the world. Her keen insight into technology and policy resulted in her appointment as MIT’s faculty co-lead on the President’s Advanced Manufacturing Program 2.0. In that capacity, she worked with the MIT Provost to direct a nationwide team of representatives who are developing programs to stimulate innovation in U.S. manufacturing. Professors Alexander-Katz and Beach were both awarded tenure, effective July 1, 2015. Alfredo Alexander-Katz received his B.S from UNAM, Mexico, and his Ph.D. from the University of California, Santa Barbara, both in Physics. His research in soft materials science is at a frontier area, combining disciaddressing and plines questions with a variety of theoretical and modeling techniques. After postdoctoral positions at NSF and CNRS, he came to MIT in 2008 and was promoted to Associate Professor in 2013. Geoff Beach joined our faculty in 2008, after receiving his B.S. from Caltech, and his M.S. and Ph.D. from the University of California, San Diego, all in 3

Physics, and thencompleting a post-

doctoral fellowship at University of Texas, Austin. His experimental work in magnetic materials is leading to new developments and even a new class of devices, called magneto-ionics. His excellence in the classroom was recognized with MIT’s School of Engineering Bose Junior Teaching Award. Effective July 1, 2016, Polina Anikeeva and Juejun (JJ) Hu will both be promoted to Associate Professor. Polina Anikeeva joined our faculty in 2011. She holds the Class of 1942 Career Development Professorship, which was established at the class’s 40th reunion to support imaginative teaching by gifted young faculty members who show exceptional promise. Her research is at the interface of materials science, electronics, and neurobiology with the goal of advancing understanding and treatment of disorders of the nervous system. Her group designs, synthesizes, and fabricates optoelectronic and magnetic devices that record and manipulate neuronal activity and development. JJ Hu came to MIT in 2015 from the University of Delaware where he was a tenure-track assistant professor. He holds the Merton C. Flemings Career Development Professorship. His research is in multifunctional photonic integration which he applied to address new applications and needs in environmental monitoring, renewable energy harvesting, communications, and biotechnology. P E R S O N N E L C H A N G E S The department is delighted to welcome new faculty and staff and sorry to say farewell to several other long-time faculty, staffers, and friends.

Robert Macfarlane, AMAX Assistant Professor of Materials Science and Engineering, joined us last summer. He received a B.A. in biochemistry from Willamette University in 2004, where he was both a National Merit Scholar and a Goldwater scholar. He obtained his Ph.D. in chemistry working in the lab of Chad Mirkin at Northwestern in 2013, where he focused on developing a series of design rules for the DNA-programmed assembly of nanoparticles. At NU, he received the Ryan Fellowship for nanotechnology researchers, the International Institute of Nanotechnology Outstanding Research Award, and an MRS Gold Graduate Student Award. Upon graduating from NU in 2013, he was awarded a Kavli Nanoscience Institute post-doctoral fellowship, and worked in the labs of Robert Grubbs (Chemistry) and Harry Atwater (Materials Science) at Caltech. His research focused on the development of self-assembling photonic crystals using brush block copolymer architectures. His research interests align closely with DMSE’s activities. He and his students are developing a set of design principles to synthesize new inorganic/organic composite materials, where nanoscale structure is manipulated to tune emergent physical properties of a bulk material. Such structures may have a significant impact on energy-related research via light manipulation (photonic band gaps or plasmonic metamaterials), electronic device fabrication (semiconducting substrates or data storage devices), and environmental and medical research (hydrogels for sustained drug delivery).


Professor Julia Ortony joined us in January 2016. She holds a B.S. in chemistry from the University of Minnesota (2005) and a Ph.D. in materials chemistry from UCSB (2011). During her Ph.D., Professor Ortony worked in the laboratory of Professor Songi Han to build and develop instrumentation for measuring water dynamics in soft materials. She

later conducted research as a postdoctoral fellow at the Simpson Querrey Institute for Regenerative NanoMedicine at Northwestern University where she investigated conformational dynamics on sub-nanometer length scales in supramolecular biomaterials. Professor Ortony’s research interests are in: (1) design and optimization of soft materials with nanoscale structure for important new technologies, and (2) development of advanced instrumentation for measuring conformational and water dynamics analogous to molecular dynamics (MD) simulations. By combining these thrusts, she explores technologies ranging from biomedical therapies to energy materials with special consideration paid to molecular motion. She hopes to expand DMSE’s academic offerings in soft materials, including molecular self-assembly, macromolecules, and colloids, and the newly emerging technologies based on each. In addition, characterization of soft materials is challenging because of their delicate nature as compared to solids. Coursework focusing on characterization strategies for aqueous systems will provide DMSE students with the set of tools necessary for exploring soft materials. Professor Cem Tasan joined us in 2016, coming from the MaxPlanck-Institut für Eisenforschung where he led the Adaptive Structural Materials group, and where he was a post-doc from 2010 to 2012. He received a B.Sc. and M.Sc. from Middle East Technical University in 2005, both in Metallurgical and Materials Engineering, and a Ph.D. from Eindhoven University of Technology in 2010 in Mechanical Engineering. He explores the boundaries of physical metallurgy, solid mechanics, and analytical microscopy to provide materials solutions to environmental challenges. He is interested in multi-field multi-probe mapping, micro-mechanicallyguided alloy design, and healability, particularly related to energy and the environment. He holds the Thomas B. King Career Development Professorship.

Professor Jennifer Rupp will start as Assistant Professor in January 2017. She is a French and German native and currently an Assistant Professor of Electrochemical Materials at ETH Zurich in Switzerland. She studied at the University of Vienna before receiving a Ph.D. in Materials at ETH Zurich. She was a researcher at the National Institute of Materials Science in Tsukuba, Japan in 2011, and also worked at MIT with Professor Tuller and Professor Yildiz. Her research lies primarily in solid state information memory systems, energy storage, and harvesting devices. She has worked on new material architectures and ionic transport-structure relations for solid state ionic conductor thin films, electrochemistry and system aspects for memristors, solid state batteries, solar-to-fuel conversion and microfuel cells. Her awards include “top 40 scientist speaker under the age of 40” at the World Economic Forum, Spark award for most innovative and economic invention by ETH Zurich, and Kepler award for “new energy materials” by the European Academy of Science.


We are pleased that Professor Jeehwan Kim has accepted a joint appointment with DMSE. He joined the Department of Mechanical Engineering faculty in September. He received his B.S. from Hongik University in South Korea, his M.S. from Seoul National University, and his Ph.D. from the University of California at Los Angeles in 2008, all in materials science. Begining in 2008, he was a research staff member at IBM’s T.J. Watson Research Center, conducting research in photovoltaics, 2-D materials, graphene, and advanced complementary metal-oxide semiconductor (CMOS) devices. He was named a master inventor at IBM for his prolific creativity, with over a hundred patent filings in five years. His breakthrough contributions include: demonstration of peeling of large-area single-crystal graphene grown from a SiC substrate, enabling reuse of the expensive substrate;

successful growth of GaN on graphene, with 25% lattice mismatch, demonstrating that GaN films grown from the process function well as LEDs and pointing to a new principle for growing common semiconductors for flexible electronics; and achieving high efficiency in silicon/polymer tandem solar cells and 3-D solar cells. Bilge Yildiz has accepted a joint-appointment with DMSE in December 2014. Born the daughter of two math teachers in Izmir, Turkey, Professor Yildiz was academically inspired with a leaning towards math and science from an early age, and quickly developed a fondness for engineering that motivated her schooling for the rest of her life, bringing her to MIT. She has been performing experiments and computations to develop deep understanding of the behavior of material surfaces under extreme conditions of temperature, stress, and aggressive chemical environments as a post-doctoral associate in the Department of Nuclear Science and Engineering since February of 2003. In 2012 she was promoted to Associate Professor, and in 2014 she was awarded tenure. Professor Yildiz’s focus on the behavior of materials has resulted in many fruitful collaborations with our department, most notably with Professor Tuller. In addition to her research, Professor Yildiz is a dedicated instructor of graduate and undergraduate subjects, with a particular interest in teaching surface science. Yang Shao-Horn was named the W.M.Keck Professor of Energy, given by the W.M. Keck Foundation which was established by William Keck, the founder of Superior Oil. Jeff Grossman was awarded the Morton and Claire Goulder and Family Professorship in Environmental Systems, established in 2001 to further environmental research across the disciplines. Angela Belcher was awarded the James Mason Crafts Professor, established in 1992 to honor the fourth President of the Institute. President Crafts, one of the most


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highly regarded chemists of his day, led MIT from 1897 to 1900. Professor Belcher has been named to lead MIT’s pk-12 Action Group, an initiative charged with coordinating, integrating, and strengthening approximately one hundred educational programs aimed at students of all ages, from preschool through highschool. The Provost’s Office has appointed Krystyn Van Vliet and Gene Fitzgerald as Singapore Research Professors for 2016. This honor reflects their commitment to the mission and objectives of the Singapore MIT Alliance for Research and Technology program. Professor Christine Ortiz has stepped down from her role as Dean of Graduate Education, effective July 1. She will be on leave for the next academic year working on new projects and initiatives related to education. Professor Gerbrand Ceder has accepted a position at the University of California Berkeley and Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory. Professor Michael Demkowicz has accepted a position as Associate Professsor in the Department of Materials Science and Engineering at Texas A&M University.


James Hunter has joined our staff as a Technical Instructor. James completed a Ph.D. in environmental chemistry at MIT in 2014 and a B.S. in chemistry at UC Berkeley in 2009. His Ph.D. focused on advancing knowledge of the chemistry of smog and atmospheric particle formation. James discovered his passion for teaching while a graduate student, influenced by his experiences with undergraduate field research in CEE and volunteer work in the DMSE forge and foundry. He enjoys teaching both the hands-on skills and the theoretical underpinnings associated with lab work. James grew up in California, and spent most of his free time during his teenage years conducting chemistry experiments and learning blacksmithing and other metalworking techniques. These interests later developed into a formal study of chemistry and a serious interest in materials science.

Ryan Kendall came to DMSE Headquarters as an Administrative Assistant in December with a focus on the department’s Faculty Search. Within MIT, he has held previous temporary administrative roles at the Office of Graduate and Special Student Admissions and, most recently, the Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Lab. He has also worked for Lesley University and the Harvard Kennedy School. Ryan brings a creative outlook to problem solving with two years of experience studying Illustration at Maine College of Art before finishing his college career at Lesley University, receiving his B.A. in English and Creative Writing. He grew up in the Worcester area of Massachusetts but moved to Cambridge for college and never left. Tiffany Luongo is now the Undergraduate Administrative Assistant in the DMSE Academic Office. Tiffany graduated from UMass Boston with a Bachelor’s in History and Minors in Anthropology and Classical Studies. Previously, she has worked as a Human Resources Representative and Administrative Assistant in MIT’s Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory (CSAIL) and as an office manager at the World Society for the Protection of Animals and the Bostonian Society. Mary Lindstrom has spent eleven years at MIT, first as a lab manager and now as the Environment, Health and Safety (EHS) Coordinator for DMSE and BE. Mary studied at William Jewell College and Cambridge University while pursuing a bachelor’s in molecular biology and obtained a master’s in immunology and molecular pathogenesis at Emory University. She lived in Oklahoma, Arkansas, and Iowa growing up. She enjoys hiking, kayaking, traveling, reading, and spending time with her family.

Adam Shervanian came to DMSE as Facilities Manager last winter. He is brand new to MIT. For two years, he managed facilities for CBRE. Prior to that, he spent eight years as the Director of Facilities and Services for the School of Public Health at the University of Maryland. He also has eight years of experience working in facilities and event management at Wagner College and Southern New Hampshire University. A graduate of Southern New Hampshire University (New Hampshire College when he attended) and Wagner College, he is a Massachusetts native who has lived in Illinois, North Dakota, New York, Maryland, and Florida. Heather Upshaw joined DMSE in 2014 as the Development Officer. She comes to MIT with more than eight years of experience in development, including previous positions at Wellesley College and the University of Chicago. A native New Yorker, Heather did her undergraduate work at St. John’s College studying the great books. Her first projects have been raising endowed funds for graduate student fellowships and capital funds for the renovation of the Flemings Materials Processing Lab and the Kingery Ceramics and Glass Lab.

many DMSE faculty, students, and staff, mostly in the ceramics program. Her good humor and good advice will be very missed and we wish her and her family the best. Ike Feitler, S.B. ’02, is leaving his role in DMSE to join MIT’s Project Manus, a new endeavor to upgrade facilities and equipment and encourage the enthusiastic maker community at MIT. Joe Glogowski retired from the position of Environmental Health and Safety Coordinator for DMSE. We appreciate the many years he devoted to our labs and students and wish him the best in the future. Franklin Hobbs has left his position as Technical Instructor to pursue a graduate degree in geology at the University of Wisconsin in Madison. The breadth of knowledge and the dedication he brought to teaching our students bode well for his future career in academia. Gerry Hughes has joined Lincoln Labs. As DMSE Facilities Manager overseeing many large and small projects, Gerry left an indelible mark on our department. EDI TORI AL


Rachel A. Kemper, DMSE Communications Coordinator Ryan Kendall, PRI NTIN G :

Geetha Berera and Meri Treska were both promoted to Senior Lecturer, recognizing their ongoing important contributions to undergraduate education in a range of laboratory subjects. Dr. Berera first came to MIT in 1992 as a postdoctoral associate and joined DMSE as a lecturer in 2000. Dr. Treska joined MIT in 1992 as a visiting scientist, started teaching in DMSE in 1993, and was appointed as a lecturer in 2001. Nathaniel Berndt has left his position as DMSE Headquarters Assistant to pursue a Ph.D. in history at Duke University. Julia Hollingsworth-Brown has moved from the DMSE Academic Office to Headquarters.

Puritan Press A C K NOWLED G MENTS:

Many thanks to those who contributed time, photography support, and text, including: Peter Houk, Dominick Reuter, Lillie Paquette, Bryce Vickmark, Richard Pasley, Angelita Mireles, Tara Fadenrecht, Julia Hollingsworth-Brown, Mike Tarkanian, and Franklin Hobbs. OT HER




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Toni Centorino has retired, and her retirement is the end of an era. She came to MIT as a secretary to Professor W. David Kingery, in 1959. Since then, she has worked with

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Facilities DMSE’S NEW HANDS-ON LABS Merton C. Flemings Materials Processing Lab and W. David Kingery Ceramics and Glass Lab “Technology and innovation” at MIT bring to mind nanoscale and computational research in energy and medicine, software development, on-line teaching, and many other novel concepts that are very small or even invisible to the human eye. But they also represent inventions and creations that are at the macroscale, in manufacturing, design, and production. Laboratory facilities for hands-on education are of critical importance for students engaged in these activities; on April 13, we celebrated the reopening of two critical spaces following a comprehensive renovation: the W. David Kingery Ceramics and Glass Laboratory and the Merton C. Flemings Materials Processing Laboratory, home to MIT’s forge and foundry.

“Right next to MIT’s commitment to cutting-edge smallscale research in MIT.nano are facilities for manufacturing and classical materials processing technologies,” says Professor Chris Schuh, DMSE Head. “Students are in the labs, getting their hands dirty, working with molten metal and flowing glass. They’re seeing and experiencing how materials truly behave under specific conditions, and this is reinforcement for the rigorous mathematical treatment of materials processing that they learn in the classroom. And they are innovating the next generation of materials manufacturing technologies, injecting new micro- and nanoscale concepts into scalable manufacturing processes.” Forge, foundry, and glassblowing activities were part of the Course 3 curriculum at MIT’s founding; for decades, MIT students have been given the opportunity to explore, understand, create, and learn while working with glass and metal. However, the glassblowing and forge activities shared one room while the foundry was down the hall, in a cramped and dark room.

These spaces continue the mission of DMSE’s teaching laboratories, all of which have been renovated since 2000 with new systems and equipment. They are used for undergraduate subjects, for freshman seminars and explorations, for faculty research, and for outreach activities with Cambridge public schools. Their location on the garden level below the Infinite Corridor is at the center of MIT, on a path connecting materials science and engineering labs and offices in Buildings 4, 6, 8, and 13 and the location for the new MIT.nano building.


The renovation provided more space for these activities, allowing new equipment to be added, and more students to participate in classes at all levels. Improved safety and ventilation systems have brought the state-of-the-art to these labs, which have been in use since Building 4 opened. “Adding space to these labs allowed us to improve the current facilities and gives us room to grow in the future. We now have the flexibility to add equipment to support new research projects and classes and can expand our processing capabilities,” says Mike Tarkanian, ’00, S.M. ’03, Lecturer in DMSE.

Thanks to the generosity of an anonymous donor, the Ceramics and Glass Lab is named for W. David Kingery. Professor Kingery, ’48, Sc.D. ’50, (1926–2000), was a pioneer in the study of ceramics, whose research led to the use of ceramics in oxygen sensors, fuel cells, and a variety of electronics. He received the Kyoto Prize in 1999. Flemings, whose research in metal casting processes revolutionized the field, explains that “hands-on laboratory experience is a vital part of all engineering education. The best laboratories provide students the opportunity to explore, invent, create and often to make real things.” D M S E C O M M O N S In June, work was completed on the DMSE Commons, a meeting and collaborative space for our community on the first floor of Building 4, looking out over Killian Court. Because the space is so close to the teaching labs in Buildings 4 and 8, students are able to leave their work in progress for quick breaks for team conversations away from equipment noise, writing and reading reports and papers, or viewing data and presentations on the large screens.

The renovation was made possible by a fundraising campaign that has raised nearly $3 million for these facilities to date. A coalition of alumni and friends made generous gifts to name the Merton C. Flemings Materials Processing Laboratory, now home to the forge and foundry facilities in 4-004. Merton C. Flemings, ’51, Sc.D. ’54, Toyota Professor Emeritus of Materials Science and Engineering, established the foundation of modern solidification science and engineering, and made major contributions to industrial developments in metal casting. He mentored generations of students in foundry science, encouraging them to explore, invent, and create. Flemings was founding director of the Materials Processing Center and led the department of Materials Science and Engineering during many of the years of its evolution from a metallurgy to a much broader materials department.


The space is flexible, with folding glass walls that allow the space to be separated in up to three areas. A refrigerator and coffee/tea facilities will fuel the students well into the night!

Research News P H O T O N I C S M A N U FA C T U R I N G Partnership of government, industry, and academia will pursue integration of optical devices with electronics. MIT is a key player in a new $600 million public-private partnership announced by the Obama administration to help strengthen high-tech U.S.-based manufacturing. Physically headquartered in New York state and led by the State University of New York Polytechnic Institute (SUNY Poly), the American Institute for Manufacturing Integrated Photonics (AIM Photonics) brings together government, industry, and academia to advance domestic capabilities in integrated photonic technology. Federal funding of $110 million will be combined with some $500 million from AIM Photonics’ consortium of state and local governments, manufacturing firms, universities, community colleges, and nonprofits nationwide.

in silicon photonics technology, with MIT developing photonic designs that SUNY Poly has then built in its state-ofthe-art fabrication facility. Photonic devices are seen as key to continuing the advances in computing speed and efficiency described by Moore’s Law — which may have reached their theoretical limits in existing silicon-based electronics, Kimerling says. The integration of photonics with electronics promises not only to boost the performance of systems in data centers and high-performance computing, but also to reduce their energy consumption — which already accounts for more than 2% of all electricity use in the U.S. Kimerling points out that a single new high-performance computer installation can contain more than 1 million photonic connections between hundreds of thousands of computer processor units (CPUs). “That’s more than the entire telecommunications industry,” he says — so creating new, inexpensive, and energy-efficient connection systems at scale is a major need.

The public-private partnership aims to spur these twin goals: improving integration of photonic systems and revitalizing U.S. manufacturing. The consortium includes universities, community colleges, and businesses in 20 states. The integration of such systems has been progressing in Six state governments, including that of Massachusetts, are stages, Kimerling says. Initially, the conversion from optical also supporting the project. to electronic signals became pervasive at the network level to support long-distance telecommunication, but it is now MIT will manage important parts of the program: Profes- moving to circuit boards, and will ultimately go to the level sor Michael Watts of EECS will lead the technological in- of individual integrated-circuit chips. novation in silicon photonics. Lionel Kimerling, the Thomas Lord Professor in DMSE, will lead a program in education “Europe is ahead in industry coordination right now,” foland workforce development. lowing a decade of government investment, Kimerling says. This initiative, he says, is “one of the first of this kind in the “This is great news on a number of fronts,” MIT Provost U.S., and the bet is that the innovation and research here, Martin Schmidt says. “Photonics holds the key to advances combined with the manufacturing capability, will allow our in computing, and its pursuit will engage and energize re- companies to really take off.” search and economic activity from Rochester, New York, to Cambridge, Massachusetts, and beyond.” Leadership in technological innovation Within the new alliance, an MIT team managed by Watts An ongoing partnership will lead technological innovation in silicon photonics. MIT’s existing collaboration with SUNY Poly led to the first complete 300-millimeter silicon photonics platform, Watts The evolving integration of photonics and electronics will says. That effort has led to numerous subsequent advances have a great impact on many different technologies, Watts


says. For example, LIDAR systems — similar to radar, but using light beams instead of radio waves — have great potential for collision-avoidance systems in cars, since they can provide greater detail than radar or sonar. Watts has worked to develop single-chip LIDAR devices, which could eliminate the moving parts in existing devices — such as tiny gimbaled mirrors used to direct the light beams in a scanning pattern — replacing them with fixed, electrically steerable phased-array systems, like those now used for cellphone tower antennas. “LIDAR systems that exist today are both bulky and expensive, because they use mechanically scanned lasers,” Watts says. But doing the same thing at the nanoscale, using phased-array systems on a chip, could drastically reduce size and cost, providing high-resolution, chip-scale, 3-D imaging capabilities that do not exist today, he says. Integration of photonics and electronics could lead to big advances in many areas, including in biological and chemical sensors that could have greater sensitivity than existing electronic versions, and in new kinds of medical imaging systems, such as optical coherent tomography. “The goal of this initiative is to lower the barriers to entry in this field for U.S. companies,” Watts says.

Michael R. Watts (left) and Lionel C. Kimerling (right). Photo: Bryce Vickmark Kimerling says that a significant issue in developing a robust photonics industry is the need to develop a trained workforce familiar with both electronics and optical technology — two very different fields. Educational programs that encompass these disparate fields “are important, and don’t exist today in one organization,” he says. An expected impact of this initiative is development of an Interstate 90 corridor, from Boston to Rochester, of industrial firms developing related products and services, much as Silicon Valley emerged in California around companies such as Intel and their chip-making technology.

Other major members of AIM Photonics include the UniContributions in education and training versity of Arizona, the University of Rochester, and the UniMIT will also host AIM Photonics’ program in education versity of California at Santa Barbara. In addition to the and workforce development, which Kimerling will direct. Department of Defense, federal funding for the project will This will include developing educational materials — rang- come from the National Science Foundation, the Departing from K–12 through continuing education — to prepare ment of Energy, the National Institute for Standards and future employees for this emerging industry. MIT will also Technology, and NASA. lead workforce development, with a special emphasis on the inclusion of veterans, underrepresented minorities, and Roots in the Advanced Manufacturing Partnership other students. This collaboration flows from the work of the Advanced Manufacturing Partnership (AMP), a White House-led efMIT will work to support internships, apprenticeships, and fort begun in 2011 with the aim of bringing together inother forms of hands-on training in a national network of dustry, universities, and the federal government to identify industry and university partners. The effort will also sup- and invest in key emerging technologies, with the idea of port an industry-wide roadmap to help align the technology stoking a “renaissance in American manufacturing.” supply chain with new manufacturing platforms.

David L. Chandler, MIT News Office


S E L F - S T A C K I N G N A N O G R I D S Polymer nanowires that assemble in perpendicular layers could offer route to tinier chip components. Since the 1960s, computer chips have been built using a process called photolithography. In the past five years, chip features have gotten smaller than the wavelength of light, which has required some ingenious modifications of photolithographic processes. The rate of circuit miniaturization that we’ve come to expect — predicted by Moore’s Law Top: two images of a nanomesh bilayer of PDMS cylin— will eventually require new manufacturing techniques. Block copolymers, molecules that spontaneously self-assemble into useful shapes, are an alternative to photolithography. A paper in Nature Communications describes the first technique for stacking layers of block-copolymer wires such that the wires in one layer will naturally orient themselves perpendicularly to those in the layer below. The ability to easily produce such “mesh structures” could make self-assembly a practical way to manufacture memory, optical chips, and even future generations of computer processors. “There is previous work on fabricating a mesh structure — for example our work,” says Amir Tavakkoli, a postdoc in RLE. “We used posts that we had fabricated by electron-beam lithography, which is time consuming. But here, we don’t use the electron-beam lithography. We use the first layer of block copolymer as a template to selfassemble another layer of block copolymer on top of it.” Tavakkoli’s co-first-authors on the paper are Sam Nicaise, a graduate student in EECS, and Karim Gadelrab, a DMSE graduate student. The senior authors are Professors Alfredo Alexander-Katz, Caroline Ross, and Karl Berggren of EECS. Unhappy couples In a block copolymer, the constituent polymers are chosen so that they’re chemically incompatible with each other. It’s their attempts to push away from each other — both within a single polymer chain and within a polymer film — that causes them to self-organize.


In this case, one of the constituent polymers is carbonbased, the other silicon-based. In their efforts to escape the carbon-based polymer, the silicon-based polymers fold in on themselves, forming cylinders with loops of silicon-based

ders in which the top layer is perpendicular to the complex orientation of the bottom layer. Bottom: wellordered nanomesh patterns of PDMS cylinders. Images on right are zoomed-in views of the images on the left.

polymer on the inside and the other polymer bristling on the outside. When exposed to an oxygen plasma, the carbon-based polymer burns away and the silicon oxidizes, leaving glass-like cylinders attached to a base. To assemble a second layer of cylinders, the researchers simply repeat the process, albeit using copolymers with slightly different chain lengths. The cylinders in the new layer naturally orient themselves perpendicularly to those in the first. Chemically treating the surface on which the first group of cylinders are formed will cause them to line up in parallel rows. In that case, the second layer of cylinders will also form parallel rows, perpendicular to those in the first. If the cylinders in the bottom layer form haphazardly, snaking out into elaborate, looping patterns, the cylinders in the second layer will maintain their relative orientation, creating their own elaborate, but perpendicular, patterns. The orderly mesh structure has the most obvious applications, but the disorderly one is perhaps the more impressive technical feat. “That’s the one the materials scientists are excited about,” Nicaise says. Whys and wherefores Glass-like wires are not directly useful for electronic applications, but it may be possible to seed them with other types of molecules, to make them electronically active, or to use them as a template for depositing other materials. The researchers hope that they can reproduce their results with more functional polymers. “We use computer simulations

to understand the key parameters controlling the polymer orientation,” Gadelrab says. The geometry of the cylinders in the bottom layer limits the possible orientations of the cylinders in the upper layer. If the lower cylinder walls are too steep to permit the upper cylinders from fitting in comfortably, the upper cylinders will try to find a different orientation. It’s also important that the upper and lower layers have only weak chemical interactions. Otherwise, the upper cylinders will try to stack themselves on top of the lower ones like logs on a pile.

For consumers, low-cost FHEs could make a big impact, particularly for medical care. Advances in these devices and their manufacturing could eventually create a world where someone could walk into a local drugstore and buy bandages that monitor and treat wounds, or an arm patch that measures glucose levels and delivers insulin.

“Right now, you can buy a Band-Aid, but you can’t buy — at any reasonable cost — a Band-Aid that would monitor your blood flow and treat your burn,” says Professor Krystyn Van Vliet, MIT faculty lead for the Advanced Manufacturing Partnership 2.0, the second part of a public-private partnership whose work led in part to the creation of Larry Hardesty, MIT News Office the manufacturing innovation institutes. “There’s a big difM A N U F A C T U R I N G F L E X I B L E ference between being able to make something and being E L E C T R O N I C S able to make something so that it’s a commercial product Government, industry, and academia partner to bring that creates U.S. job opportunities.” new generation of electronics to commercial scale. MIT is one of several Massachusetts universities that will A dependable means of manufacturing in the U.S. would support a federal initiative to boost manufacturing innova- be advantageous for the military in making use of FHEs — tion in the area of flexible hybrid electronics (FHEs), a high- for example, with sensors embedded in military uniforms or potential new generation of electronics still in the early airplanes. “Consumers may be buying flexible electronics stages of development. this year or this decade, but if all of the key components or a few key steps have to be manufactured in another counMIT will work closely with the University of Massachusetts try, then it’s not as easy for the military to make use of those at Amherst — the leader of the Massachusetts node of the flexible electronics,” Van Vliet explains. collaboration — and other partners, to support the Manufacturing Innovation Institute for Flexible Hybrid Electron- Domestic manufacturing would also be a boon to the econics, managed by FlexTech Alliance, a non-profit research omy. “A lot of really great innovations get invented in the and development group based in San Jose, California. Con- U.S., but you want to invent it here and make it here,” Van sortium members include several leading research universi- Vliet says. “If you can both invent and make in the same ties and industry leaders such as Boeing and General place, then you’re able to invent more quickly, invent betMotors. A total of $171 million in funding — $75 million in ter, speed standards of living, and create rewarding jobs. If federal grants and more than $96 million in nonfederal con- your making happens overseas, then you don't have that tributions — support this initiative, funded by the Depart- rapid feedback.” ment of Defense as part of an Obama administration program to reinvigorate manufacturing leadership and job Partnership for progress creation in the U.S. The research team that will be spearheading the Institute’s role in the collaboration includes Brian Anthony, David Electronics of the future Hardt, John Hart, and Sang-Gook Kim of MechE; Marc Stretchable, bendable, wearable next-generation electron- Baldo, Duane Boning, and Vladimir Bulovic of EECS; and ics open the doors to countless innovations — smart band- Karen Gleason of ChemicalE. Both of these properties — cylinder geometry and chemical interaction — can be predicted from the physics of polymer molecules. So it should be possible to identify other polymers that will exhibit the same behavior.


ages or sensors embedded in bridges and airplanes — but the technology is not yet developed enough for the devices to be manufactured and sold at a large scale and low cost.

“MIT has assembled a team of ten PIs with extensive history collaborating with industry and successfully translating research to scaled manufacturing,” says Anthony, MIT’s lead investigator for the partnership and co-director of the Master of Engineering in Manufacturing Program and Medical Electronics Device Realization Center. Researchers will work to develop and improve flexible electronic devices as well as low-cost and scalable ways to manufacture those devices, like roll-to-roll manufacturing: the process of creating FHEs on rolls of flexible plastic or foil similar to plastic wrap and aluminum foil.


longtime member of the MIT faculty and the founder of Bose Corporation, who pursued similarly unconventional research visions. “My dad really was driven by curiosity and would do research into whatever drove his curiosity,” says his son Vanu Bose ’88, S.M. ’94, Ph.D. ’99. Proposals are reviewed according to the likelihood that the research could not be funded through traditional means; that the research and the researcher are intellectually adventurous; and that the project will have significant impact on the researcher. The grants offer up to $500,000 over three years.

“Manufacturing innovation is part of that ‘mens-et-manus’ Anikeeva will delve into the mechanisms behind the poorly mentality here,” Van Vliet says, referring to MIT’s motto understood magnetic sensing abilities of some worms and of “mind and hand.” “It’s thinking about things and then migratory birds — and the possibility of conferring such being able to make things. The maker movement is an imabilities to mammals. portant part of that, but ‘maker’ means ‘make it once.’ Manufacturing means I can make it many times, and in a “As a materials scientist and neural engineer, I rarely get to way that lots of people can make use of it.” engage in a basic biophysics project, as it is difficult to secure stable research funding for ideas outside one’s imThe manufacturing initiative includes a program in edumediate area of expertise,” Anikeeva says. “Within the cation and workforce development to be run by the reBose project, together with my students, I look forward to gional branches of the partnership. MIT will contribute applying our understanding of nanomagnetism to studyexperience in education and training programs honed by ing biophysical mechanisms of magnetosensation in previous collaborations with industry, including educaseveral organisms.” tional software, instructional design expertise, manufacturing curriculum content, coordination with edX, and In the natural world, there are many methods for sensing manufacturing education leadership. the Earth’s magnetic field, which can help organisms navigate. Some of these mechanisms are well-understood by “In order for this to be possible, the state government has researchers; migratory butterflies, for example, use sunto be very supportive of manufacturing innovation, and light to produce magnetism-sensitive molecules, while the Massachusetts state government has been tremensome bacteria contain iron particles that align along a dously so,” Van Vliet says. “We are grateful for support magnetic field. Other magnetism-sensing creatures remain from Governor Baker's administration for the impact that enigmatic. Pigeons can navigate in a magnetic field even this initiative’s teaching, training, and commercialization without light. And C. elegans, a type of roundworm, uses opportunities will have on the Commonwealth's economic magnetic sensing to find food; hungry worms from the activity.” Northern and Southern Hemisphere burrow in opposite directions in a magnetic field — both trying to burrow Jessica Fujimori, MIT News correspondent “down,” deeper in the soil to find nutrients. R E S E A R C H I N G M A G N E T O S E N S A T I O N Anikeeva and her team aim to determine how exactly Professor Polina Anikeeva is one of four MIT recipients of these birds and worms are able to sense magnetism — a Professor Amar G. Bose Research Grant. The program, which genes could be involved, what those genes produce, launched in 2014, supports innovative and unconvenand if it might be possible to transfer these genes and abiltional projects and is named for the late Amar Bose, a ities to mammalian cells. The idea has intrigued Anikeeva


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since her days as a postdoc, when she hypothesized that magnetic fields could be used to non-invasively stimulate neurons in the brain.

Jessica Fujimori, MIT News correspondent N E W F A C U L T Y P R O J E C T S The MIT Research Support Committee has awarded Professor Rafael Jaramillo $75,000 in Chang funding for a proposal entitled, “Solution-Synthesized Carrier Selective Contacts for Low-Cost, High-Efficiency Heterojunction Solar Cells.” They awarded Professor JJ Hu $75,000 in NEC funding for a proposal entitled, “A Flexible, MultiSite Optical Imagining and Stimulation Platform for Auditory Diagnosis and Restoration.” W O O T Z R E S E A R C H P R O J E C T In mid-July, students from DMSE traveled to rural, central Florida to meet at the forge of master smith Alfred “Al” Pendray along with Distinguished Emeritus Professor John Verhoeven (Iowa State University) and William “Bill” Dauksch (retired vice-president of Nucor Corporation). It was at this forge in Williston, FL, that Pendray and Verhoeven rediscovered a process that closely replicates the composition, properties, and structure of wootz Damascus steel blades—a “holy grail” in metallurgy. The techniques for producing wootz Damascus steel, not to be confused with pattern-welded Damascus steel, were lost at the beginning of the 19th century, and since that time many brilliant minds, including Michael Faraday, have attempted to replicate the pattern with no avail. Third-year Ph.D. students Samuel Wagstaff and Bradley Nakanishi, seniors Mary Elizabeth Wagner and Ian Chesser,


Wootz Damascus ingot

MIT team with Wootz experts and Lecturer Michael Tarkanian (S.M. ’03, S.B. ’00) made the trip to learn about the techniques Pendray and Verhoeven have refined with decades of research. They had the opportunity to help Pendray in various steps of the process: loading the clay graphite crucible with its charge of glass and steel, melting the wootz ingot in Pendray’s homemade propane furnace, forging with his 450 poundequivalent Nazel air hammer, heat treating, grinding, and etching. The ultimate goal of the trip for the group was to learn about the challenges and questions that still remain regarding wootz Damascus. The students have ambitions to continue learning more about the materials science of this mysterious hypereutectoid steel. Wagstaff first made contact with Pendray while he and Nakanishi were preparing their own wootz Damascus steel blade for the TMS (The Minerals, Metals and Materials Society) first-ever Bladesmithing Competition in 2015. In March of that year, Wagstaff and Nakanishi first visited Pendray’s workshop, driving the 100-mile trip from the TMS Conference in Orlando to Williston. With renewed ambitions inspired by this trip, Wagstaff and Nakanishi presented this work at the 2016 TMS Bladesmithing Symposium and will submit another blade to the 2017 TMS competition. Wagner and Chesser worked with a team on a wootz Damascus last Spring for their 3.042 (Materials Project Laboratory) project. Tarkanian was an instructor for the subject. Their project investigated the influence of individual impurity carbide-forming elements (e.g. V, Mo, W, etc.) that Verhoeven and Pendray had assigned responsibility for creating the characteristic water-like pattern in Damascus steel, which is formed by of a composite structure of carbide “sheets” in a pearlite matrix. The undergraduate group had been in contact with Verhoeven and Pendray throughout the semester while working on their project.

Bradley Rex Nakanishi

Events M A D M E C 2 0 1 5 Biomimicry — “innovation inspired by nature” — has led to the invention of bullet trains, vaccines, adhesives, and light bulbs, among other things. Add to that list the winning invention of this year’s MADMEC competition: Influenced by the anti-reflective wings of the glasswing butterfly, a team created a lowcost coating for solar cells that mitigates reflection, to allow the cells to absorb nearly all light to boost efficiency. For that invention, the two-student team, aptly named Glasswing, took home the grand prize of $10,000 from the ninth annual MADMEC contest, organized each year by DMSE and sponsored this year by Saint Gobain and Dow Chemical. Second-place team Lumos won $7,000 for developing photoluminescent road paint — for use in crosswalks, highway lines, and other road markings — that absorbs sunlight during the day so it can glow in the dark. The team TTRM took home the third-place prize of $5,000 for developing a phase-changing material that adds or removes air in car tires to mitigate the undesirable effects of underinflated or overinflated tires — such as tire wear and reduced efficiency. With the prize money, Glasswing plans to continue research and development and, potentially, launch a company to commercialize the invention, team member Ahmed Al-Obeidi, a DMSE graduate student, said.

Glasswing prototype — “MIT” in the nanopillar structure. “How we make what we have scientifically valid and make it a business is something I haven’t done before and something that sounds interesting,” he said. “We have a proof of concept and now we have to see where we fit in the landscape.” The contest saw five MIT student teams deliver oral and poster presentations explaining inventions they built over the summer to solve energy, transportation, and sustainability issues. Judges were MIT faculty and representatives from the contest’s sponsoring companies. Starting in June, MADMEC hosts several events that walk competing teams through development milestones, such as feasibility studies and refining their prototypes. All teams (usually around ten at the beginning of the competition) receive $1,000 to prototype, and the winners of three mini-contests win an additional $500 each. Nature’s solution Reflection is an issue for many optoelectronic devices, including photovoltaics, smartphone displays, and windows, Al-Obeidi said during his team’s presentation. Typical solar cells made of silicon, for instance, reflect up to 30 percent of light, reducing efficiency. As a solution, manufacturers use anti-reflective coatings. But these coatings are expensive to produce and even still don’t absorb all light. “We asked the question, ‘How does nature solve these problems?’” Al-Obeidi said, “because nature usually has a pretty interesting solution.”


Mike Tarkanian with Glasswing, Alexandra Sourakov and Ahmed Al-Obeidi, MADMEC 1st-place winners.

As it turns out, the transparent wings of the glasswing butterfly are coated with nanostructures that resemble tapered pillars on pedestals. These “nanopillar” structures act essentially as anti-reflective coatings, reflecting 2–5% of light from the butterfly’s wings.


Learn more about MADMEC at

The team reconstructed these tapered nanostructures in a coating, but kept the process simple, inexpensive, and scalable. To do so, they used common photovoltaic materials and fabrication tools. This involved depositing oxide on a glass film, applying a patterned mask of silver, and etching — removing layers from the surface, except those protected by the mask — with different gases. But the trick was tweaking the etching gases during the process, which allowed them to customize the nanostructure shape. Essentially, they could shrink the diameter at the top of the structure and keep a thicker diameter at the base to create tapered nanopillars. “That structure’s unique, because it’s been shown by modeling that that has the best optical properties … which has to be structured by things that are more complicated than this simple technique,” Al-Obeidi said. The coating is significantly less expensive and quicker than other anti-reflective coatings, Al-Obeidi said, and is economically viable for solar cells if the price point is less than $14 per square meter. The coating can also be used to reduce glare on glass and other displays. Getting their hands dirty While some teams like Glasswing may further develop their prototypes and take them to market after the competition, the primary aim is “to give students an opportunity to get their hands dirty and build something,” said Michael Tarkanian, MADMEC director.

Demonstration of Lumos, glow-in-the-dark paint. “It’s distinctly a prototyping contest,” he added. “We wanted to give people an outlet to use their classroom knowledge and put it into practice.” Indeed, the Lumos students entered the competition mostly for the learning experience, said team member Michelle Chao, a DMSE junior. To develop their photoluminescent paint, the four-student team mixed and baked various ceramic powders. The final powder is suspended in paint to absorb light from the sun in the daytime — and car headlights at night — and release that energy as a bright glow during night hours. Areas with this paint won’t need streetlights and will be safer, as drivers can better see markings. Eliminating one in ten streetlights in the United States, the team estimates, could save $156 million annually in electricity and maintenance costs, and reduce carbon emissions by an amount equivalent to that produced by 260,000 cars. Spinning out the technology into a company is still up in the air, Chao said. But by going through the competition, she learned the ins and outs of manufacturing materials and how to work through all the unexpected results that come from mixing materials in the lab. “There are so many more variables that you are not aware of when you’re in the classroom,” Chao said. Still, several former MADMEC competitors have started companies based on their inventions: Embr Labs, winner of the 2013 competition, is developing a thermoelectric bracelet that heats and cools the body, and Levant Power, the third-place winner at the first MADMEC, in 2007, is designing shock absorbers that improve vehicle handling while generating electricity to improve overall efficiency.


Design Challenge to 3D-Print a whistle; Glasswing is winner and other contestants are reinforcing earplugs.

Rob Matheson, MIT News

Awards and Honors F A C U L T Y H O N O R S The Graduate Materials Council named Professor Alfredo Alexander-Katz the Best Advisor, and Professor Michael Demkowicz was named the Best Teacher. The awards are determined by vote after all DMSE grad students have the opportunity to nominate. Professor Antoine Allanore was named an Early Career Faculty Fellow by TMS. These awards recognize an assistant professor for his or her accomplishments that have advanced the academic institution where employed, and for abilities to broaden the technological profile of TMS. Professor Polina Anikeeva was named one of this year’s 35 Innovators Under 35 by Technology Review, recognized for developing new ways to record and stimulate brain activity. She also received the BRAIN young investigator award from the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society (IEEE EMBS). Professor Anikeeva was also presented with the Junior Bose Award for Excellence in Teaching, from MIT’s School of Engineering. This award is presented each year to the outstanding contributor to education from among the School of Engineering faculty members who are being proposed for promotion to associate professor without tenure. Engineering Council selects the recipient as part of its promotion deliberations.

Professor Lorna Gibson was named a MacVicar Fellow. The MacVicar Fellowships are named for the late Margaret MacVicar, Professor of Physical Science and Dean for Undergraduate Education, and they recognize sustained excellence in undergraduate education. Professor Gibson’s subject 3.032 Mechanical Behavior of Materials is available on the edX platform. Photo Credit: Dominick Reuter. Professor Angela Belcher was named to the National Academy of Inventors. Election to NAI Fellow status is a high professional distinction accorded to academic inventors who have demonstrated a highly prolific spirit of innovation in creating or facilitating outstanding inventions that have made a tangible impact on quality of life, economic development, and welfare of society. Professor Gerbrand Ceder was named an MRS Fellow. Professor Michael Cima and his longtime collaborator Professor Bob Langer of ChemE were named Leading Global Thinkers of 2015 by the Foreign Policy Group. They were particularly recognized as Innovators, for their work on drug delivery systems that allow physicians to implant medications, targeted to a specific area or need, rather than administering injections or prescribing pills. Professor Darrell Irvine was inducted into the American Institute for Medical and Biological Engineering.


Professor Anikeeva gave a TEDxCambridge talk in Boston in June; “Rethinking the Brain Machine Interface” can be viewed on YouTube. Photo Credit: Laura Latimer.

Professor Ju Li has been named an APS Fellow, nominated by the Division of Materials Physics.

U N D E R G R A D U A T E A W A R D S Inbar Yamin ’15 was named Outstanding Senior. In addition to her outstanding academic performance again this year (recipient of the Julian Szekely Award for the Outstanding Junior last year), she was the TA for 3.032x, a tutor for 3.034, and a grader for 3.054. She was the president of the Friends of Israel Club and taught beginners Hebrew over IAP. Through a connection with DLab, she worked with ayzh, a company that makes clean birthing kits and helps entrepreneurs in developing countries sell those clean birthing kits.

Professor Jeffrey C. Grossman gave DMSE’s 2014 Wulff Lecture, an introductory, entertaining lecture which serves to educate, inspire, and encourage MIT undergraduates to take up the study of materials science and engineering. “Hey, Atoms, What Have You Done for Me Lately?” is available on YouTube. Professor Niels Holten-Andersen has received an Office of Naval Research Young Investigator Award for “Using Bio-Inspired Material Crosslink Dynamics to Engineer Energy-Dissipative Polymer Mechanics.” Buisness Insider named Professor Elsa Olivetti one of MIT’s Twelve Most Impressive Professors. Professor Donald Sadoway was invited to give several addresses over the past year, including the Sidney Pacific Presidential Fellows Distinguished Lecture Series, “Electrochemical Pathways towards Sustainability”; at Crossroads 2015, a one-day event to discuss innovations to supply chains, “Advancing the Energy Revolution”; and as the keynote speaker at the Technology Innovation Forum, “Inventing Inventors: Faculty at Their Best.”

Christina Tringides ’15 received the award for Outstanding Senior Thesis. Christina’s thesis, “Materials Selection and Processing for Reliable Neural Interfaces,” describes a suite of materials processing methods that she developed to engineer the interfaces between fiber-based probes and neural tissues. The results are included in a Nature Biotechnology paper and a non-provisional US patent application on which she is a co-author/co-inventor. Her work has also landed her both a talk and a poster presentations at the Spring MRS Meeting in 2015. She graduated with a double major in Physics. Jennie Zheng ’15 received the Horace A. Lubin Award for DMSE Community Service. Jennie served as the SUMS President and previously Co-Career Development Chair. During her time as President, Jennie worked to create a SUMS website page and arranged numerous study breaks, student-faculty lunches and pub nights, and industry/grad school panel sessions.

Professor Harry Tuller was made a Fellow of the Electochemical Society, recognizing his technical contributions and involvement with ECS.


Technology Review named Professor Emeritus Sid Yip one of this year’s 7 over 70, recognized particularly for his work with reducing carbon emissions associated with cement production. Recently, Professor Yip published a book on Nuclear Radiation Interactions.

Inbar Yamin and Jennie Zheng at Commencement 2015.

MISTI, the MIT International Science and Technology Initiatives, asked students to create videos documenting their summer experiences and then had a contest with four categories: “MISTI in a Minute,” “Day in the Life of a MISTI Student,” “My MISTI Project,” and “Best Foreign Language Clip.” Two DMSE undergrads were runners-up, Marol Escajeda for her video documenting a day in her life working at the Universidad Politecnica de Cataluna, Spain; and Clarissa Towle for her video describing her project working with graphene transistors at the Iberian Nanotechnology Lab in Portugal.

Raku Watari ’16 received the Julian Szekely Award for the Outstanding Junior. He is shown here with Mrs. Joy Szekely, long-time supporter of MIT, DMSE, and the Szekely Award. While at MIT, Raku has participated in UPOP and performed a UROP with the Sadoway Group. Jose Burgos ’15 was awarded the Joseph M. Dhosi Outstanding Internship Award. His internship report, “Comparison of Machined and Metal Injection Molded Components With Respect to Mechanical Properties and Behavior,” for his work at Boston Scientific Group which was supervised by Professor Niels Holten-Andersen.

MIT’s School of Humanities and Social Sciences has named Teresa de Figueiredo, Lisa Kong, and Tiffany Yeh to join the 2016 class of Burchard Scholars. The award honors sophomores and juniors who demonstrate academic excellence in the humanities, arts, and social sciences, as well as in science and engineering. This year, 35 students were named Burchard Scholars. G R A D U A T E A W A R D S At Commencement, the department presented the award for the Best Ph.D. Thesis to Uwe Bauer of the Beach Group for his thesis, “Voltage Programmable Materials.” Uwe’s thesis work has led to ten papers, including firstauthored papers in Nature Nanotechnology and Nature Materials, and three filed patent applications. Professor

The Undergraduate Teaching Award was given to Carolyn Joseph ’15 for significant contributions to 3.091. Rebecca Gallivan ’17 was named Outstanding Sophomore. Rebecca has held a UROP with the Holten-Andersen group and this past fall, she was a TA for 3.091 working with Professor Jeff Grossman. Khetpakorn Chakarawet ’15 and Inbar Yamin ’15 were invited to join Phi Beta Kappa. Jesus Moreno ’16 and Chimdimma Okwara ’16 were named Burchard Scholars for the School of Humanities and Social Sciences.


Shruti Sharma ’15 received a Gates Scholarship to study at the University of Cambridge.

The DMSE Community Service Award was presented to Michael Campion for his dedication to the department and to the community around us. Michael spends most Sundays teaching advanced math topics to 4th–6th graders, he is also a mentor for MITXplore.

Beach said of Uwe, “he led every aspect of the work, and it is with no exaggeration that I say without his insights, attention to detail, and extraordinary engineering and laboratory skills, this work never would have happened, neither in my group nor in the many competing groups exploring magneto-electric effects in thin metallic ferromagnets at the time.” Uwe is working as a senior engineer at the MIT start-up Liquiglide, Inc. The Graduate Student Teaching Awards were presented to Zachary Cordero, for his work in 3.22 Mechanical Behavior of Materials, and to Michael Gibson, for his work in 3.20 Materials at Equilibrium. The John Wulff Excellence in Teaching Award was presented to Eric Jones. Eric was a TA in the sophomore core subject 3.022 Microstructural Evolution in Materials. Jinhyuk Lee of the Ceder Group was awarded a Gold Medal at the Fall 2014 MRS meeting. During the Spring 2015 MRS meeting, Neelkanth Bardhan of the Belcher C A L T E C H


The Best Paper Award for Second- or First-Year Student Award was received by Sai Gautam Gopalakrishnan who was the first author of the paper “The Intercalation Phase Diagram of Mg in V2O5 from First Principles,” which was published in Chemistry of Materials.

S P A C E C H A L L E N G E Bradley R. Nakanishi representatives to observe and advise. There were 32 particisented MIT and DMSE at last pants from 14 different countries, including Spain, Ausspring’s Caltech Space Challenge in Pasadena, CA. The tralia, Germany, Japan, Italy, India, Canada, and France. Challenge Problem Statement read: “In five days, each team is challenged to design a mission to land humans Brad’s team members included graduate and undergradon an asteroid brought back to lunar orbit, extract the asuate students, representing many engineering and sciteroid's resources and demonstrate their use.” ence disciplines. They proposed that astronauts could travel to an asteroid with a cargo of an inflatable habitat, Brad was on the winning team—team Voyager—funcin which they could live as they drill for samples and contioning as the materials science/in situ resource utilization duct seismic studies. expert, specifically considering molten oxide electrolysis. The team is continuing to work on their project, writing In some ways, Space Challenge is based on JPL’s A-Team, papers for journal submission. a team of engineers from many disciplines who work on design and evaluation of mission concepts, and during The Space Challenge is run by students, who design chalthe contest, the teams were able to spend half a day lenges based on NASA and JPL organizational plans. working with these experts. While participants are encouraged to use their imaginations to come up with something cool to meet the chalBrad learned about this competition from an email forlenge, their entries are judged on both creativity and warded to students by the DMSE Academic Office. He feasibility. The judges are from SpaceX and JPL and the encourages his fellow DMSE students to take advantage sponsors, primarily from aerospace industry, send repreof these opportunities.

M A D M E C U P D A T E Coolflux and AquaFresco, two teams from the 2014 MADMEC competition, were Grand Finalists in this year’s MIT Clean Energy Prize! This meant that they were in the final six teams of a 21-team competition. Congratulations to CoolFlux who won their division and received $36,000 which they will use to continue work on the project. CoolFlux uses a phase change material to improve building cooling by up to 40%. Their design has evolved greatly since they placed second in MADMEC 2014, now using metal salts in an insulating material. They have expanded the team to include founders Alan Ransil, Wenhao Sun, Josh Wolff from TPP, and Andres Potes from Sloan. New employees are Lealia Xiong and Jonathan Chester, an intern last summer. They’ve received a provisional patent and have applied for funding as they continue to refine the product and enter further competitions. AquaFresco, MADMEC 2014 first-place winners, are also continuing work on their project, a filtration system that can improve water efficiency in laundry to 95%. Team members Ting-Yun Huang, Alina Rwei, and Christopher Lai have developed a closed-loop system that will greatly improve water consumption, in homes and in businesses. Aqua Fresco also received $50,000 from the MassChallenge Startup Competition. The MassChallenge provides mentorship, office space, and other resources to new startups over the course of four months, at the end of which 26 finalist teams are judged and over $1.5 million in prizes is awarded. In recent months, their work has been reported in the Atlantic and in Boston magazine. Embr Labs, creators of Wristify personal heating and cooling device and MADMEC 2013 winners, were finalists in the Index: Design to Improve Life competition this past fall.


Group received a Gold Medal and Priyank Kumar of the Grossman Group received a Silver Medal. At the Fall 2015 MRS meeting, graduate students Kelsey Stoerzinger of Professor Yang Shao-Horn’s group, Scott Grindy of Professor Niels Holten-Andersen’s group, and Ritchie Chen of Professor Polina Anikeeva’s group were recognized with Silver Medal Awards. Patrick Dixon, a student in Professor Gibson’s group, was named a Fellow of the Martin Family Society of Fellows for Sustainability for the academic year 2015–16, which will support his work on structural bamboo products. A L U M N I H O N O R S & N E W S Each year, Forbes magazine compiles lists of 30 young innovators under 30 years of age, in 20 different fields. We are incredibly proud that several of our recent alumni were included in the 2015 and 2016 lists. Saturo Emori, Ph.D. 2014, and Charles Sing, Ph.D. 2012, are both recognized for their contributions to new understandings of materials behaviors (Forbes 30 Under 30 in Science, 2015) and Sam Shames, 2014, was recognized for his contributions in developing Wristify, the 2013 MADMEC winner that is currently being developed by Embr labs (Forbes 30 Under 30 in Energy, 2015). Krishna Gupta, 2009, was recognized for his role as co-founder of Romulus Capital, a firm specializing in investing in earlystage startups (Forbes 30 Under 30 in Venture Capital, 2015). Reid Van Lehn, S.B. 2009 and Ph.D. 2014, was recognized for his research on chemically engineered nanoparticles and their interaction with cell membranes (Forbes 30 Under 30 in Science, 2016). Reid is currently a post-doc at CalTech and will be starting a faculty position at UW Madison in the fall. We have recently learned that two members of the DMSE community were named L’Oréal Women in Science Award Winners; Pimpa Limthongkul, Ph.D. 2002, won in 2014 in Thailand, and Dorthe Bomholdt Ravnsbæk, post-doc 2012, won in Denmark for 2015. We’d love to hear of other L’Oréal winners, please send us the good news.

Diran Apelian, Sc.D. ’73, Alcoa-Howmet Professor of Mechanical Engineering at Worcester Polytechnic Institute and director of WOPI’s Metal Processing Institute, is the recipient of the Audubon Society’s Joan Hodges Queneau Palladium Medal. The award, administered by the American Association of Engineering Societies, honors cooperation between engineering professionals and environmentalists. Long-Qing Chen, Ph.D. ’90, received the MRS Materials Theory Award, which recognizes exceptional advances made in materials theory to the fundamental understanding of the structure and behavior of materials. Dr. Chen is Distinguished Professor of Materials Science and Engineering and Professor of Engineering Science and Mechanics at Penn State. Manoj Choudhary, Sc.D. ’80, has been elected President of the International Commission on Glass (ICG), a nonprofit society of national scientific and technical organizations with particular interests in glass science and technology. It was founded in 1933 and is now the recognized world-wide organization in the field of glass with 37 member organizations from universities, scientific institutions, glass industry, and allied organizations. Mary Ellen Galvin, S.M. ’82 Sc.D. ’84, has been named Dean of the College of Science at Notre Dame University and a faculty member in chemistry and biochemistry. Dr. Galvin has most recently been serving as director for the Division of Materials Research at NSF. Previously, she had appointments at University of Delaware and at Bell Labs. Randolph E. Kirchain, Ph.D. ’99, was named co-director of MIT’s Concrete Sustainability Hub. Jian Luo, S.M. ’99, Ph.D. 2001, has been named a Department of Defense National Security Science and Engineering Fellow. These fellowships provide up to five years of research support in areas that are critical for DOD technology development. Professor Luo is in the Department of NanoEngineering at UC San Diego.


Shashi Murthy, Ph.D. 2003, was elected to the 2016 Class of Fellows of the American Institute for Medical and Biological Engineering (AIMBE). Dr. Murthy is Professor of Chemical Engineering and the Founding Director of the Michael J. and Ann Sherman Center for Engineering Entrepreneurship Education at Northeastern University. He is also a Faculty Fellow at the Barnett Institute of Chemical & Biological Analysis at Northeastern and holds visiting appointments at the Massachusetts General Hospital, Shriners Hospital for Children, and the Broad Institute of Harvard and MIT. Richard Polich, S.M. ’65, and Polich Tallix Fine Art Foundry, based in Rock Tavern, New York, will be the new creator of the Oscar statuette. Using a digital scan of a 1929 Oscar, Polich Tallix has created a new mold and restored subtle details to the statuette. Each award is cast in bronze then electroplated with 24-karat gold. Dick Polich is a long-time friend of DMSE, and he was a key donor to the Merton C. Flemings Materials Processing Lab. Richard E. Riman, Ph.D. ’87, has been named to the New Jersey Inventors Hall of Fame. Dr. Riman is Distinguished Professor at Rutgers in Materials Science and Engineering.

Obituaries H A R R Y C . G A T O S , 1 9 2 1 – 2 0 1 5 We are greatly saddened to announce the death of our friend and long time colleague Harry C. Gatos. Professor Gatos was born in Greece to a family that valued education and encouraged him to pursue a career in science. After completing a Diploma at the University of Athens, where he held lecturer positions and wrote two textbooks, he came to the U.S. to pursue a Master’s degree at Indiana University. He was awarded a Ph.D. in Chemistry from MIT in 1950. His diverse research interests helped define and create a new of field of study in electronic materials. He focused on semiconductor materials and chemistry and physics of materials, first as a Research Engineer at DuPont and then returning to Massachusetts in 1955 to work at Lincoln Labs, where he was Head of the Solid State Division, 1964–65. During his time at Lincoln Labs, he held visiting faculty appointments at MIT and at Brandeis University. In 1965, Professor Gatos was formally hired as an MIT faculty member, performing research on electronic materials with a joint appointment in the Departments of Metallurgy and Electrical Engineering (now DMSE and EECS). His contributions to materials science are immeasurable, most notably his role as co-founder of MRS and its first president, 1973–75. During the 20th anniversary of MRS, he explained that the founders’ goal was a professional home for a new discipline of materials science, one that recognized and encouraged interdisciplinary research rather than focussing on distinct materials classes. In addition to his leadership in MRS, he was president of the Electrochemical Society 1967–68 (ECS) and head of MIT’s Center for Materials Science and Engineering.


He retired from MIT in 1990. In 1991, Sumitomo Electric Industries, Inc., established the Gatos Lecture and Award to recognize Professor Gatos “whose research in materials paved the way for applications by corporations worldwide, including Sumitomo Electric Industries, Inc.” The prize has been awarded four times, most recently in 2014 to Dr. Takao Abe whose talk was titled “Silicon: The Most Perfectly Engineered Material.”

Professor Gatos was the recipient of the ECS Acheson Award, the ECS Award in Solid State Science and Technology, and the Golden Cross of the Order of Merit of the Polish People’s Republic. He was elected to the National Academy of Engineering in 1983 for “Contributions to the advanced engineering of electronic materials and to engineering education.” He was a fellow of the American Association for Advancement of Science and the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. Perhaps Professor Gatos was as well known and respected a musician as he was a scientist. An accomplished flutist, he frequently played for and with his colleagues and friends. A board member for the Longy School of Music, the Cambridge Society for Early Music, and the James Pappoutsakis Memorial Fund, he was a tireless advocate for music and the arts. A special symposium remembering Professor Gatos was held during the Fall MRS meeting in Boston.

R É G I S M . N . P E L L O U X , 1 9 3 1 – 2 0 1 5 Régis M.N. Pelloux, professor emeritus of materials science and engineering, died July 10 after a long struggle with Parkinson’s disease. He was 83 years old. Professor Pelloux was born in Passy, France, in the Alps, and had a life-long love of mountains and the outdoors, which he shared with his family, friends, colleagues, and students. He was educated in France and then received a Jean Gaillard Fellowship to study at MIT, where he received an M.S. in 1956 and a Ph.D. in 1958. After completing his doctorate, he enrolled in the French army, stationed at the French Army Atomic Research Centre. In 1961, he was hired by Boeing Scientific Research Laboratories to work on difficult assignments relating to turbine fracture. He joined the MIT faculty in 1968, in what is now the Department of Materials Science and Engineering. At MIT, Professor Pelloux was a researcher and educator in what was the new and relatively small field of fatigue and fracture of engineering materials and structures. He worked closely with faculty in the departments of Aeronautics and Astronautics and Mechanical Engineering; consulted widely; and taught an unusually large course load. He was generous with his time and expertise, offering advice and a listening ear to junior faculty and graduate students and frequently collaborating with colleagues throughout the Institute, even offering his skills to the MIT Physical Plant Department when a large centrifugal refrigeration compressor failed in one of the main buildings. His students remember his big heart, his love of his adopted country, and his support for them and for MIT. He retired in 1995. Professor Pelloux was a fellow of ASM International and the American Institute of Mining, Metallurgical and Petroleum Engineers, a recipient of the Albert Sauveur Award from ASM International, and an honorary member of the French Society of Metallurgy and Materials.


He is survived by his wife, Isabel; his son, Marc, and daughter-in-law Carolynn; and his daughter Babette and daughter-in-law Ronda.

A memorial service was held on October 8 in the MIT Chapel. Many former students and friends joined his family to remember and celebrate Professor Pelloux. Memorial gifts may be made to MIT, in memory of Régis Pelloux for the DMSE Graduate Fellowship Fund (account 3122200) via or checks may be made payable to MIT and mailed to Bonny Kellermann ’72, Director of Memorial Gifts, 600 Memorial Drive, W98-500, Cambridge, MA 02139.

Donors Paul H. Adler SM ’81* Rajiv Agarwal MEng ’00* Ariya Akthakul SM ’98, PD ’03, PhD ’03* Adrian E. Albrethsen PhD ’63 Benjamin C. Allen SM ’54, ScD ’57* Samuel M. Allen SM ’71, PhD ’75* Carl J. Altstetter ScD ’58* Anonymous Linda J. Anthony SM ’76, PhD ’80* Frank F. Aplan ScD ’57* Arthur H. Aronson ’58* Chester L. Balestra ’65, ScD ’71* Eric A. Barringer PhD ’83 Mark G. Benz SM ’59, ScD ’61* Sreekar Bhaviripudi PhD ’07, PhD ’09 Chandi P. Biswas SM ’70, ScD ’73 John E. Blendell SM ’76, ScD ’79 David F. Bliss SM ’81* Gabriel Bochi PhD ’95* J. Robert Booth ScD ’72* Tracy Barnum Braun ScD ’74 Mary A. Breton ’14* William E. Brower, Jr. PhD ’69 Caryl B. Brown SM ’95* Paul E. Brown ’56, SM ’57, ScD ’61* Susan Ipri Brown SM ’95* Edwin F. Brush, Jr. ’63, SM ’65, SM ’66, ScD ’67 Leonard J. Buckley SM ’81, PhD ’86 T. David Burleigh SM ’80, PhD ’85* John C. Campbell SM ’57* Gary M. Carinci PhD ’89* Bonny J. Schwenke Carmicino ’86* Wai-Kit Chang SM ’96 Hitesh Chelawat SM ’10 Andrew Chen SM ’91, PhD ’95* Katherine C. Chen PhD ’96* Jeremy Cheng ’01* June F. Cheng ’99, SM ’00 Brymer H. Chin ’74* Grace Chin Michael P. Chin ’86, SM ’87 Patrick K. Chin ’85* David R. Chipman ’49, ScD ’55* Roland Tuck-Chow Choo ScD ’91* Tongjai Chookajorn PhD ’13 Manoj K. Choudhary ScD ’80* Edison C. Chu SM ’96 Kuo Chin Chuang PhD ’65* Harold R. Clark PhD ’82* William S. Coblenz SM ’77, PhD ’81 26

* 1861 Circle + Deceased.

Richard E. Cole SM ’52 Aliki K. Collins PhD ’87* Brett Page Conner SM ’00, PhD ’02 Carolyn Meyers Conrad ’78, SM ’80 David C. Cranmer SM ’78, PhD ’81* Joan H. Cranmer SM ’81 Mary E. Cross SM ’80 Shannon L. Dahl ’99* David Thomas Danielson PhD ’08 Kathryn A. Dannemann PhD ’89 Vivek R. Dave SM ’91, PhD ’95 Daniel B. Dawson SM ’67, ScD ’73* Mark R. De Guire PhD ’87* James F. Deucher ’74 Irene R. Dhosi Elaine A. Dickerson ’96* Jeff Dickerson ’94, MEng ’95* Carl L. Dohrman PhD ’08* Chun Christine Dong PhD ’90* Mary C. Doswell SM ’82 Joseph M. Driear ScD ’80* James L. Drummond SM ’70* Colin R. Ducharme MBA ’06, SM ’06* David C. Dunand PhD ’91* Andreas T. Echtermeyer SM ’85, PhD ’88* Jonathan Mark Edward MEng ’08* John W. Elmer ScD ’88* Ricky L. Ewasko ’77, SM ’82* August Ferretti ’59* Davis S. Fields, Jr. SM ’54, ScD ’57* Paul M. Fleishman SM ’82 Frederick B. Fletcher ScD ’72* George Foo ScD ’77 Gordon E. Forward ScD ’66 Robert A. Frank ’83, SM ’85, ScD ’89* Gerald S. Frankel ScD ’85 Robert L. Freed PhD ’78* Douglas W. Fuerstenau ScD ’53* Robert J. Furlong, Jr. SM ’77* Terry J. Garino PhD ’87 Charles J. Gasdaska SM ’78, PhD ’86 Frank W. Gayle ScD ’85* Samuel P. Gido PhD ’93 Ralph G. Gilliland PhD ’68* Emilio Giraldez Paredes PhD ’86* Stacy Holander Gleixner ’92* Andrew John Gmitter SM ’08 Daniel S. Gnanamuthu MTE ’72* Brage Golding, Jr. PhD ’66*

A R C H A E O L O G I C A L V I S I T I N G FA C U LT Y F E L L O W F U N D For over four decades, MIT’s Center for Materials Research in Archaeology and Ethnology has pioneered research in the use of materials by ancient societies, shedding light on technological evolution. Now, thanks to a generous new gift, DMSE has established a Visiting Faculty Fellows position in Archaeological Materials. This new endowment will bring distinguished visitors in the field to campus for a one-year appointment, giving them the opportunity to experience MIT’s distinctive interdisciplinary culture and allowing our students to learn from global leaders in archeological materials. Joseph I. Goldstein ’60, SM ’62, ScD ’64*+ Cuiling Gong SM ’96, PhD ’99* Lori M. Goodenough SM ’02 Cindy and Robert S. Goodof ’72, SM ’73* Frank E. Goodwin SM ’76, ScD ’79 Taras Z. Gorishnyy PhD ’07* Kevin Willy Gotrik PhD ’13 David M. Goy SM ’86* Dodd H. Grande SM ’83, PhD ’87 Mark L. Green PhD ’88* Martin L. Green PhD ’78* Manohar S. Grewal ScD ’72* Vernon Griffiths ScD ’55* Honglin Guo PhD ’98* Carol A. Handwerker ’77, SM ’78, ScD ’83* Mina K. Healey ’15 Gregory J. Hildeman ScD ’78* David C. Hill ’68, SM ’69, PhD ’70* Eric Richards Homer PhD ’10* William F. Hosford, Jr. ScD ’59 Mr. & Mrs. Hans Hoyer Simone Peterson Hruda SM ’87, PhD ’92* Peter Yaw-Ming Hsieh SM ’99* Huey-Shin Hsu ScD ’82 Can B. Hu PhD ’80 Lily Huang ’88, SM ’89 Howard R. Huff PhD ’66 Min-Ha Hwang PhD ’01 Jang-Hi Im SM ’71, ScD ’76 Anthony J. Ives ’96, MCP ’97* Bor Z. Jang SM ’79, PhD ’82* Shyh-Hua E. Jao SM ’88, PhD ’90*

member (have given annually for five or more years).

Amanda R. Jenks ’13 Mark H. Jhon ’01* Timothy V. Johnson ScD ’87 Janet L. Jozwiak ’82 Wonjoon Jung PhD ’07 Yeon Sik Jung PhD ’09 Debra L. Kaiser ScD ’85* Karsten August Kallevig ’99* Junichi Kaneko SM ’65, ScD ’67* Theodoulos Z. Kattamis SM ’63, ScD ’65* Robert Nathan Katz ’61, PhD ’69* Thomas E. Kazior PhD ’82* George A. Keig ScD ’66 Satbir S. Khanuja PhD ’96 Heinz Killias PhD ’64* Heejae Kim PhD ’05 Heewoo Kim ’14 Yong-Kil Kim PhD ’88* Christopher G. King ’82* Thomas C. Kinnare ’86 James D. Klein ScD ’84 Gerald A. Knorovsky ScD ’77* David B. Knorr SM ’77, ScD ’81* Laura Lynn Beecroft Kramer ’91* George Krauss SM ’58, ScD ’61* William Kuhlman PhD ’07 Kaplesh Kumar ScD ’75 Shuba Kumar SM ’96* David M. Kundrat ScD ’80 Charles R. Kurkjian ScD ’55* Melody M.H. Kuroda ’98, SM ’01* Carol S. Kurtz S. ’54 GM Ronald A. Kurtz ’54, ’59, SM ’60* Raymond K.F. Lam ScD ’88* Thomas Andrew Langdo PhD ’01 Amelia M. Lapena ’94*


MIT and DMSE thank our generous donors for their support of Course III during the fiscal year ending in June 2015. Gifts can be made by visiting Gifts for FY 2014–15 are visible on

Garrett C. Lau ’13* Michael R. Lebo PhD ’71* Arthur K. Lee SM ’80, PhD ’84* Byung-Lip Lee SM ’73, ScD ’76 Eva C. Lee ’98* Jonq-Ren Lee PhD ’95 Lidia H. Lee PhD ’84* Minjoo Lawrence Lee PhD ’03 Dorothy Lemelson* Jennifer A. Lewis ScD ’91 Kathy Hsinjung Li ’05, MEng ’06* Matthew R. Libera SM ’83, ScD ’87 Ching-Te Lin SM ’96, PhD ’98* Minfa Lin ScD ’90* Pinyen Lin PhD ’90* Ulf H. Lindborg ScD ’65* Jifeng Liu PhD ’07 Herbert W. Lloyd SM ’52* Isabel K. Lloyd PhD ’80* Mary and Michael D. Lubin ’52, PhD ’67* John P. Lynch, Jr. ’52* Bruce A. MacDonald SM ’61, PhD ’64* Sanjeev Makan SM ’97* Kira E. Marciniak ’99* Vincent P. Martinelli ’85, SM ’86 Thomas O. Mason PhD ’77* Lawrence J. Masur SM ’82, PhD ’88* Douglas M. Matson PhD ’96 Satoru Matsuo PhD ’93 John E. Matz SM ’93, ScD ’99* Colin C. McAneny ’58 Blythe E. McCarthy ’87, SM ’88 Robert L. McCormick SM ’82, PhD ’85* Heather E. McCulloh PhD ’95* May Chin McGrew* Michael E. McHenry PhD ’88* Michael McNallan ’70, SM ’74, PhD ’77 Joyce Mcdevitt Stephen A. Metz ’67, PhD ’70* Reid A. Mickelsen ScD ’63* Gary A. Miller ’60, SM ’61, ScD ’65* Thomas P. Moffat ScD ’89 Edmund H. Moore SM ’87 Kathy Morrissette Samuel K. Nash SM ’48, ScD ’51*


George E. Nereo SM ’63, ScD ’66 Harvey R. Nesor ’61* Henry J. Nusbaum PhD ’77* Solar C. Olugebefola ’99, PhD ’07* Binu K. Oommen SM ’06 J.I. Orbegozo SM ’65* Karen B. Ouzts MAR ’77, MCP ’77 Satyavolu S. Papa Rao PhD ’96 Tae-Soon Park PhD ’02* Woonsup Park PhD ’88* Neil E. Paton PhD ’69 George W. Pearsall ScD ’61 Richard W. Pekala SM ’83, ScD ’84* Regis M.N. Pelloux SM ’56, ScD ’58*+ James S. Perrin ’58* Albert F. Peterson SM ’57* Bradley William Peterson PhD ’06* William T. Petuskey ScD ’77* Alfonso Pinella SM ’66* Jerry D. Plunkett PhD ’61 Sophie Marie Poizeau PhD ’13 Roger Wayne Powell PhD ’74* Srinivasamurthy Ravi Prakash PhD ’09* William R. Prindle ScD ’55* Daniel T. Quillin ’89* Livia M. Racz ’89, PhD ’93 David V. Ragone ’51, SM ’52, ScD ’53* Joe Raguso SM ’91 Krishna Rajan ScD ’78 Richard A. Rawe SM ’58* Dennis W. Readey ScD ’62 Christine M. Reif ’84* William H. Rhodes ScD ’65* Rodney G. Riek ’69 Richard E. Riman PhD ’87 Martin D. Robbins SM ’56* McDonald Robinson ScD ’67* St. Julien P. Rosemond ’09 Alan R. Rosenfield ’53, SM ’55, ScD ’59* Robert C. Ruhl PhD ’67* Scott Ivan Rushfeldt MEng ’05* Anil K. Sachdev ScD ’77* Dagfinn and Grete Saether Jack P. Salerno PhD ’83* Srikanth B. Samavedam PhD ’98* K.K. Sankaran PhD ’78* Ronald O. Scattergood SM ’63, PhD ’68* Thomas F. Schaub, Jr. SM ’95 Ronald J. Selines ’70, SM ’71, ScD ’75*

I N G O A N D N I C O L E W E N D E R F E L L O W S H I P DMSE is deeply grateful to Ingo and Nicole Wender for endowing a new fellowship in Materials Science. The Wender Fellowship will be given with preference to students working to improve the sustainability of extraction and industry, and it is the department’s first fellowship with specific preference for students from Latin America and Africa. This gift will be a wonderful resource for our international students and will deepen our longtime commitment to improving industry through advanced technology. Ronald S. Shemenski PhD ’69 Andrew M. Sherman ’67, PhD ’72* William M. Sherry PhD ’78 Bruce M. Shields SM ’52* Robert W. Shields MTE ’59, SM ’59 Raj N. Singh ScD ’73 Sachchida N. Singh ScD ’87 John H. Smith ScD ’64* Marian Bamford Smith ’59* Matthew F. Smith ’58* Philip P. Soo PhD ’00 Daniel Knight Sparacin PhD ’06* Edward S. Sproles, Jr. ScD ’76* Edward T. Stephenson, Jr. SM ’56* Yusuf Sumartha SM ’97 Alan W. Swanson PhD ’72* Anne Symchych Joy Szekely* Yo Tajima PhD ’82 Andrew R. Takahashi ’99, SM ’07* Eddy K. Tan ’89, SM ’91 Yuying Tang PhD ’94 Peter Tarassoff ScD ’62* Paul A. Tick ScD ’67* Edmund Y. Ting SM ’80, ScD ’84* Ellen S. Tormey PhD ’82* Joshua S. Trauner ’97 Paul L. Tremblay SM ’83 Sha-Li Tsai ’96* Chi-Yuan A. Tsao PhD ’90* T.H. Tsiang SM ’74, ScD ’83 John C. Turn, Jr. PhD ’79* Heather M. Upshaw Johannes M. Uys ScD ’59* Leo F. P. Van Swam SM ’70, ScD ’73*

Pamela Bowren Vandiver SM ’83, PhD ’85 Thomas Vasilos ScD ’54* Robert H. Walat ’93 Christine A. Wang ’77, SM ’78, ScD ’84* Hao Wang PhD ’04* Lorraine C. Wang ’97* Stanley I. Warshaw ScD ’61* Michael J. Warwick SM ’88, ScD ’91 David O. Welch SM ’62* Eric Werwa PhD ’97* Bruce W. Wessels PhD ’73* Jack H. Westbrook ScD ’49* Thomas R. White ’69* Peter S. Whitney PhD ’86 George G. Wicks PhD ’75* John E. Woodilla, Jr. ’58, PhD ’67* Eric John Wu PhD ’02* Yuhong Wu PhD ’03 Thomas A. Yager PhD ’80* Kayo Yamamura SM ’82 Man F. Yan ’70, ScD ’76* Keelan K. Yang ’94, MBA ’02* Miao Ye PhD ’08 Brian J.J. Zelinski PhD ’88 Weixian Zhong MNG ’10* Bizhong Zhu PhD ’97* Dow Chemical Company* IBM Vortexwerks Exxon Mobil Corporation* Google, Inc.* Jack & Pauline Freeman Foundation* Saint-Gobain Ceramics & Plastics*

Donors 2013–14 Joan S. Adams SM ’80 Paul H. Adler SM ’81* Ariya Akthakul SM ’98, PhD ’03* Andrew Michael Albers SM ’04* Adrian E. Albrethsen PhD ’63 Carl J. Altstetter ScD ’58 Linda J. Anthony, PhD SM ’76, PhD ’80* Frank F. Aplan ScD ’57* Arthur H. Aronson ’58* Charles P. Ashdown PhD ’84* Francis J. Azzarto SM ’67 Alicia M. Bachman Frederick Bachman Wendy Bachman James C. Baker PhD ’70 Chester L. Balestra ’65, ScD ’71* Renato G. Bautista SM ’57* Dolores D. Beasley Robert R. Beck Mark G. Benz SM ’59, ScD ’61* Sreekar Bhaviripudi PhD ’07 David F. Bliss SM ’81* Peter Bloom Andrew M. Blum BMO Capital Markets Gabriel Bochi PhD ’95 Valerie Jordan Booden ’95* J. Robert Booth ScD ’72* Mary A. Breton ’14 Harold D. Brody ’60, SM ’61, ScD ’65 Katharine T. Brody S ’60 ’91 Caryl B. Brown SM ’95* Paul E. Brown ’56, SM ’57, ScD ’61* Susan Ipri Brown SM ’95* Leonard J. Buckley SM ’81, PhD ’86 T. David Burleigh SM ’80, PhD ’85* Daniel P. Button PhD ’83 Rodolfo Ernesto CamachoAguilera PhD ’13 John C. Campbell SM ’57* Gary M. Carinci PhD ’89 Bonny J. Schwenke Carmicino ’86* Robert J. Cava ’73, SM ’74, PhD ’78 Julius Chang ’81, SM ’82, PhD ’89 Katherine C. Chen PhD ’96* Jeremy Cheng ’01* June F. Cheng ’99, SM ’00 Patrick K. Chin ’85* David R. Chipman ’49, ScD ’55* * †

Roland Tuck-Chow Choo ScD ’91* Omar Choucair Manoj K. Choudhary ScD ’80* Uma Chowdhry PhD ’76* Edison C. Chu SM ’96 Kuo Chin Chuang PhD ’65* Stephen Chwastiak PhD ’63* Harold R. Clark PhD ’82* William S. Coblenz SM ’77, PhD ’81 Richard E. Cole SM ’52 Aliki K. Collins PhD ’87* Michelle A. Cooper Corning Incorporated Catherine M. Cotell SM ’84, PhD ’88 John M. Coughlin ’65, SM ’67* Dorothy F. Courchesne Jeanne L. Courter PhD ’81* David C. Cranmer SM ’78, PhD ’81* Joan H. Cranmer SM ’81 Shannon L. Dahl ’99* Mary V. Dailey Kathryn A. Dannemann PhD ’89 Vivek R. Dave SM ’91, PhD ’95 Daniel B. Dawson SM ’67, ScD ’73* Mark R. De Guire PhD ’87* James F. Deucher ’74 David H. Deyoung PhD ’81 Irene R. Dhosi Carl L. Dohrman PhD ’08* Chun Christine Dong PhD ’90* Alfred L. Donlevy SM ’63* Mary C. Doswell SM ’82 Dow Chemical Company Dow Corning Corporation Joseph M. Driear ScD ’80* James L. Drummond SM ’70* Jonathan I. Dubroff Colin R. Ducharme MBA ’06, SM ’06* David C. Dunand PhD ’91* Yoshio Ebisu SM ’75 Andreas T. Echtermeyer SM ’85, PhD ’88* Jonathan Mark Edward MNG ’08* Sami M. El-Soudani SM ’72 John W. Elmer ScD ’88* Erten Eser SM ’72, PhD ’78* Exxon Mobil Corporation* William Farrell Robert S. Feigelson SM ’61* August Ferretti NON ’59*

Davis S. Fields, Jr. SM ’54, ScD ’57* Marc A. Finot ScD ’96 Bertram Fleischer SM ’58* Paul M. Fleishman SM ’82 Frederick B. Fletcher ScD ’72* George Foo ScD ’77 Gordon E. Forward ScD ’66 Robert A. Frank ’83, SM ’85, ScD ’89* Gerald S. Frankel ScD ’85 Donald O. Frazier Robert L. Freed PhD ’78* Victoria Friedensen Douglas W. Fuerstenau ScD ’53* Robert J. Furlong, Jr. SM ’77* Ronald P. Gale PhD ’78 Mary L. Gambone SM ’84* Bruce Gaskey Robert M. Gates SM ’89* Frank W. Gayle ScD ’85* Amalkumar P. Ghosh PhD ’85 Samuel P. Gido PhD ’93 Donald C. Gillies Ralph G. Gilliland PhD ’68* Emilio Giraldez Paredes PhD ’86* Dannellia B. Gladden SM ’91 Stacy Holander Gleixner ’92* Thomas S. Glover Daniel S. Gnanamuthu MTE ’72* Joseph I. Goldstein ’60, SM ’62, ScD ’64* Debra M. Goll James J. Goll Cuiling Gong SM ’96, PhD ’99* Robert S. Goodof ’72, SM ’73* Frank E. Goodwin SM ’76, ScD ’79 Taras Z. Gorishnyy PhD ’07* Leslie D. Gorman Kevin Willy Gotrik PhD ’13 David M. Goy SM ’86* Dodd H. Grande SM ’83, PhD ’87 Graphtek Services Inc Amy R. Grayson ’97, PhD ’03 Jonathon J. Grayson ’97 Mark L. Green PhD ’88* Martin L. Green PhD ’78* Paul S. Greenberg Manohar S. Grewal ScD ’72* Vernon Griffiths ScD ’55* Honglin Guo PhD ’98* Monica L. Gupta ’94

1861 Circle member (have given annually for five or more years). Deceased this year.

Carol A. Handwerker ’77, SM ’78, ScD ’83 Rita Hansen Adam S. Helfant ’85* Joshua Lee Hertz PhD ’06 Paul Hertz ’77 Elizabeth Higashi Gregory J. Hildeman ScD ’78* Dale V. Hodson ’79 Eric Richards Homer PhD ’10 William F. Hosford, Jr. ScD ’59 Charles R. Houska ’51, SM ’54, ScD ’57* Simone Peterson Hruda SM ’87, PhD ’92* Peter Yaw-Ming Hsieh SM ’99* Can B. Hu PhD ’80 Lily Huang ’88, SM ’89 Howard R. Huff PhD ’66 Gordon Hunter ’80, SM ’81, PhD ’84* Min-Ha Hwang PhD ’01 IBM International Foundation Jang-Hi Im SM ’71, ScD ’76 Anthony J. Ives ’96, MCP ’97* Arun Jain ’78, SM ’81 Susan MacCracken Jain MCP ’82, SM ’82 Shyh-Hua E. Jao SM ’88, PhD ’90 Mark H. Jhon ’01* Lindley N. Johnson Kenneth A. Jones PhD ’68* Chrstine B. Joosten Wonjoon Jung PhD ’07 Debra L. Kaiser ScD ’85* Karsten August Kallevig ’99* Junichi Kaneko SM ’65, ScD ’67* Sung Hoon Kang SM ’04 Theodoulos Z. Kattamis SM ’63, ScD ’65* Allan P. Katz ’69* Robert Nathan Katz ’61, PhD ’69* Thomas E. Kazior PhD ’82* George A. Keig ScD ’66 Joan E. Kertz SM ’01* Satbir S. Khanuja PhD ’96 Heinz Killias PhD ’64* Yong-Kil Kim PhD ’88* Christopher G. King ’82* Gerald A. Knorovsky ScD ’77* David B. Knorr SM ’77, ScD ’81* Iwao Kohatsu PhD ’71*


MIT and DMSE thank our generous donors for their support of Course III during the fiscal year ending in June 2014. Gifts can be made by visiting

Laura Lynn Beecroft Kramer ’91* George Krauss SM ’58, ScD ’61* William Kuhlman PhD ’07 Kaplesh Kumar ScD ’75 Shuba Kumar SM ’96* Charles R. Kurkjian ScD ’55* Melody M.H. Kuroda ’98, SM ’01* Raymond K F. Lam ScD ’88* Thomas Andrew Langdo PhD ’01 Amelia M. Lapena ’94* Felix Lau SM ’01* David E. Laughlin PhD ’73 Alan L. Laves ’82 Michael R. Lebo PhD ’71* Robert J. Ledoux ’78, PhD ’81* Arthur K. Lee SM ’80, PhD ’84* Caroline Lee ’93, SM ’95 Eva C. Lee ’98* Jonq-Ren Lee PhD ’95 Lidia H. Lee PhD ’84* Evan Levine Charles A. Lewinsohn ’87* Kathy Hsinjung Li ’05, MNG ’06* Qiong Li SM ’88 Yawen Li PhD ’05 Matthew R. Libera SM ’83, ScD ’87 Ching-Te Lin SM ’96, PhD ’98* Der-Gao Lin PhD ’87 Minfa Lin ScD ’90* Pinyen Lin PhD ’90* Ulf H. Lindborg ScD ’65* Yachin Liu PhD ’91 Herbert W. Lloyd SM ’52* Isabel K. Lloyd PhD ’80* Libby K. Louie PhD ’97 Mary L. Lubin S ’52 PH Michael D. Lubin ’52, PhD ’67* Charles E. Lyman PhD ’74* John P. Lynch, Jr. ’52* Bruce A. MacDonald SM ’61, PhD ’64* Sanjeev Makan SM ’97* Ninamarie Maragioglio ’77, ’78 Kira E. Marciniak ’99* Jordan C. Marks ’14 Thomas O Mason PhD ’77* Lawrence J. Masur SM ’82, PhD ’88* Douglas M. Matson PhD ’96 John E. Matz SM ’93, ScD ’99* Blythe E. McCarthy ’87, SM ’88 Mary L. McCarthy SM ’81 Robert L. McCormick SM ’82, PhD ’85* Diane McDonnell May Chin McGrew*

Michael E. McHenry PhD ’88* Joanna M. McKittrick PhD ’88 Michael McNallan ’70, SM ’74, PhD ’77 Diego A. Mendez de la Luz MNG ’04, MBA ’11, SM ’11 Hiroshi Menjo SM ’85* Stephen A. Metz ’67, PhD ’70* Arthur B. Michael Revocable Trust Jane Michalow Penina B. Michlin ’00 Reid A. Mickelsen ScD ’63* Gary A. Miller ’60, SM ’61, ScD ’65* Sanjiv Mittal ScD ’83 Cesare Monti SM ’96 Edmund H. Moore SM ’87 Kathy Morrissette Michael Myers ScD ’70* Samuel K. Nash SM ’48, ScD ’51* George E. Nereo SM ’63, ScD ’66 Harvey R. Nesor ’61* David L. Ngau ’97* Carlos A. Nocetti MTE ’74, SM ’74 Ann O'Har Maxine Oleyar Elsa A. Olivetti PhD ’07 Solar C. Olugebefola ’99, PhD ’07* Binu K. Oommen SM ’06 J.I. Orbegozo SM ’65* Antonio M. Ostrea PhD ’67 Albert E. Paladino, Jr. ScD ’62* Satyavolu S. Papa Rao PhD ’96 DohyunPark ’14 Tae-SoonPark PhD ’02* Woonsup Park PhD ’88* George W. Pearsall ScD ’61 Richard W. Pekala SM ’83, ScD ’84* Jason S. Pellegrino ’08*† Maria S. Perkinson James S. Perrin ’58* Albert F. Peterson SM ’57 Bradley William Peterson PhD ’06* William T. Petuskey ScD ’77* Alfonso Pinella SM ’66* Jerry D. Plunkett PhD ’61 Patricia A. Powers Paul K. Predecki SM ’61, PhD ’64 Daniel T. Quillin ’89* Livia M. Racz ’89, PhD ’93 David V. Ragone ’51, SM ’52, ScD ’53* Max Ramundo ’14 Dawn V. Randall W. ’50 ML Stephen Raphel*

Ranjan Ray ScD ’69* Dennis W. Readey ScD ’62 Maureen T.F. Reitman ’90, ScD ’93* William H. Rhodes ScD ’65* Albert D. Richards SM ’83, ScD ’86, SM ’86* Jennifer Rigney ’92* Tilghman Lee Rittenhouse SM ’99 Martin D. Robbins SM ’56* William L. Robbins PhD ’72* McDonald Robinson ScD ’67* Neil E. Rogen SM ’56, MTE ’57 Alan R. Rosenfield ’53, SM ’55, ScD ’59* Robert B. Rosner SM ’89, PhD ’92 Katherine C. Ruhl S. ML ’67* Robert C. Ruhl PhD ’67* Scott Ivan Rushfeldt MNG ’05* Anil K. Sachdev ScD ’77* Saint-Gobain Ceramics & Plastics* Jack P. Salerno PhD ’83 Peter D. Salmon Srikanth B. Samavedam PhD ’98* K.K. Sankaran PhD ’78* Tiffany Suzanne Santos ’02, PhD ’07 Thomas F. Schaub, Jr. SM ’95 Sandra Schmerin Edward G. Schmit ’86 Elliot M. Schwartz ’89, PhD ’95 Robert F. Sekerka Michele W. Sequeira ’89, SM ’91 Edward O. Shaffer PhD ’95 Ronald S. Shemenski PhD ’69 Andrew M. Sherman ’67, PhD ’72* Bruce M. Shields SM ’52* Jonathan Phillip Singer PhD ’13 Raj N. Singh ScD ’73 Sachchida N. Singh ScD ’87 Marian Bamford Smith NON ’59* Joseph E. Soussou SM ’68, PhD ’70* Daniel Knight Sparacin PhD ’06* Barbara H. Spreng S. ’65 EE Douglas C. Spreng ’65* Edward S. Sproles, Jr. ScD ’76* George R. St. Pierre ’51, ScD ’54 Edward T. Stephenson, Jr. SM ’56* Katharine Stohlman ’79* Lincoln D. Stroh SM ’88 Anne Suissa SM ’91*

Alan W. Swanson PhD ’72* Joy Szekely* Peter Tarassoff ScD ’62* Edward J. Tarney ’79, SM ’80 TBFS Chicago Neil L. Thompson Ellen S. Tormey PhD ’82* Paul L. Tremblay SM ’83 Min-Hsiung Tsai ME ’72 Sha-Li Tsai S. ML ’96* Chi-Yuan A. Tsao PhD ’90* John C. Turn, Jr. PhD ’79* TwinTech LLC Johannes M. Uys ScD ’59* Leo F. P. Van Swam SM ’70, ScD ’73* Pamela Bowren Vandiver SM ’83, PhD ’85 Thomas Vasilos ScD ’54 John J. Vaughan PhD ’81 Julian E. Villarreal ’07* Vortexwerks David M. Walter ’84 Billie Wang ’00* Hao Wang PhD ’04 Lorraine C. Wang ’97* David Wargo ’75, SM ’76, SM ’78 Stanley I. Warshaw ScD ’61* David O. Welch SM ’62* Joanne Wenig Eric Werwa PhD ’97* Bruce W. Wessels PhD ’73* Michael D. Westphal ’90 Thomas R. White ’69* George G. Wicks PhD ’75* Susanna Wilson Thomas R. Wolfe Susan H. Wolford Brian S. Wolkenberg SM ’00* John E. Woodilla, Jr. ’58, PhD ’67* Jeryl K. Wright ScD ’73* Eric John Wu PhD ’02* Yuhong Wu PhD ’03 Thomas A. Yager PhD ’80* Man F. Yan ’70, ScD ’76* Chiang Y. Yang PhD ’77 Keelan K. Yang ’94, MBA ’02* Jongsoo Yoon ’12 James Andrew Yurko PhD ’01* Nicole S. Zacharia ’01, PhD ’07 Juris Zagarins MTE ’83* Jamie Zaninovich Karen Zaninovich Weixian Zhong MNG ’10 Bizhong Zhu PhD ’97* Michael C. Zody ’90, SM ’94* Emmanuel N. Zulueta SM ’80*


M E A L S W I T H A L U M N I While Jerry Seinfeld is drinking coffee in cars with comedians, the GMC and SUMS are eating lunch and dinner with materials scientists. Our students have long valued their opportunities to meet alums and learn about life after MIT, and they are now organizing these small group events, either on campus or at a restaurant. Conversations cover career paths, workplaces, research interests, work-life balance, goals, inspirations, and more.

Kapoor, S.M. ’87, Sc.D. ’89, and Sophie Poizeau, Ph.D. ’13 of Saint-Gobain; Adam C. Powell IV, ’92, Ph.D. ’97, of INFINIUM; Kevin Gotrik, Ph.D. ’13, of 3M; Vivek Dave, S.M. ’91, Ph.D. ’95, of Northern New Hampshire Technical Associates; and Adam Jandl, Ph.D. ’15, of Lam Research Corporation. By presenting a variety of experiences, backgrounds, and perspectives, students hope to learn about careers in academia, consulting, government, research, law, medicine, industry, and more.

So far, alumni participants include Professor Emeritus Merton C. Flemings,’51, S.M. ’52, Sc.D. ’54, of DMSE; Martin Green, Ph.D. ’78, and Adam Hannon, Sc.D. ’14, of NIST; Robert Hyers, ’93, Ph.D. ’98, of UMass Amherst and Boston Electromet; Rakesh

If you are interested in meeting an engaging group of current grad students, either in the Cambridge area or at a professional conference, please email To connect with the undergraduates, please contact

Structure Winter 2016  

Newsletter for alumni and friends of MIT's Department of Materials Science and Engineering (DMSE)

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