Military Press, October 1, 2019

Page 1

Volume 44 • Number 19 • October 1, 2019


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2 October 1, 2019

I’m Feeling Lucky •

World War II Started 80 Years Ago: Here are 5 Places World War III Could Start


he flashpoints may change over time, but the fundamental foundations of conflict—the decay of U.S. military hegemony and of the global international order that has accompanied it— mean that the near future will likely become more hazardous than the recent past. The world has avoided war between major power war since 1945, even if the United States and the Soviet Union came quite close on several occasions during the Cold War. In the first two decades following the fall of the Berlin Wall, great power war seemed virtually unimaginable. Today, with China’s power still increasing and Russia’s rejection of the international order apparently complete, great power conflict is back on the menu. UKRAINE The world remembered Ukraine when an incident at the passage into the Sea of Azov resulted in shots fired, a ramming and the detention of two Ukrainian patrol vessels. Whether instigated by Russia or Ukraine (and both governments appear to have played some part), the interception reignited tensions in a crisis that has smoldered for the last couple of years. The declaration of martial law by the Ukrainian government suggested the possibility of unrest in Ukraine. The Ukrainian government

continues to lack the capacity to consequentially change facts on the ground. Given the continuing tensions between Russia and the United States, even a small shift could threaten the uneasy balance that has held for the last several years, potentially throwing Eastern Europe into chaos. THE SOUTH CHINA SEA The South China Sea (SCS) has become wrapped into the growing trade clash between the United States and China. For now, that conflict is playing out in exchanges of heated rhetoric, tariffs and various other trade sanctions. The United States and Canada recently escalated the conflict by arresting an executive of the Chinese technology firm Huawei, which led to counter-steps by China against Canadian citizens and U.S. firms. PERSIAN GULF The perpetual political and military crisis in the Middle East has settled into an uneasy tedium. Economic pressure on Iran continues to increase, as the United States

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take ever more aggressive steps to curtail trade. The Saudi war on Yemen shows no signs of abating, and while the Syrian Civil War has dialed down to a low, slow burn, both the United States and Russia remain committed to their partners and proxies. But like any slow burn, the conflict could reignite. Political turmoil in Iran could destabilize the region, either pushing Iran into aggressive behavior or making the Islamic Republic a tempting target for its enemies. The tensions between Kurds, Turks, Syrians and Iraqis could break into open conflict at any time.

UNPREDICTABLE As a colonel at the U.S. Army War College memorably phrased the problem, “the United States has wrongly predicted every conflict since the Korean War. Why should we expect World War III will be any different?” Great powers tend to devote diplomatic, military, and political resources to what they regard as the most serious conflicts on their plates. Less critical conflicts don’t receive as much attention, meaning that they can sometimes grow into serious confrontations before anyone quite notices what’s going on. Disruptive conflict could emerge in the Baltics, in Azerbaijan, in Kashmir or even in Venezuela, but the United States, China and Russia only have so much focus. If World War III comes about, it may well come from a completely unexpected direction.

KOREAN PENINSULA It is undoubtedly correct that tensions on the Korean Peninsula have declined a great deal in the last year, as Kim Jong-un has demonstrated a degree of forbearance regarding nuclear and ballistic missile tests, and President Donald Trump has toned down his rhetoric about confronting North Korea. And indeed, the prospects of an enduring peace are surely brighter now than at any time since the mid-1990s.

FINAL THOUGHTS Is the world more dangerous today than it was a year ago? Perhaps not, although the decay of the relationship between China and the United States portends ill for the future. The flashpoints may change over time, but the fundamental foundations of conflict— the decay of U.S. military hegemony and of the global international order that has accompanied it—mean that the near future will likely become more hazardous than the recent past.

October 1, 2019 3

THE CHARGERS REPORT The Chargers entered Sunday’s game against the Texans without nine key players. Los Angeles did a decent job disguising them the first two games by filling in the holes with their best options possible, but the lack of playmakers finally caught up to them in yesterday’s loss. The secondary has taken the biggest beating, as they’ve been forced with throwing a player in cornerback Brandon Facyson, who had no starting experience prior to this season, into the fire after the losses of Trevor Williams and Michael Davis. The lack of depth and the poor performances by some of the defensive backs resulted in Houston quarterback Deshaun Watson having one of the biggest games of his career, and it was one of the worst defensive outings by the secondary in many years. As for the offensive line, the underwhelming production yesterday from left guard Dan Feeney and offensive tackles Sam Tevi and Trent Scott

4 October 1, 2019

suggested that the positional group needs a slight makeover. In order to fix the offensive line, it’s simple. Forrest Lamp needs to see the field as a starter. Feeney’s upand-down performances should be enough to warrant Lamp a starting job over him. If Tevi and Scott’s woes continue, it might also be time for Los Angeles to throw in rookie Trey Pipkins. Pipkins had his early growing pains this preseason, but he showed more promise the last couple games. Other players that the team could look to throw on the field more is linebacker Drue Tranquill, who’s been a special teams ace and wide receiver Andre Patton, given the lack of playmakers at the position behind Keenan Allen and Mike Williams. The bottomline is that the injuries, players playing out of position or simply underperforming have hurt the team. It might be wishful thinking, but these are simple changes that could be made in order to help them in the time being.

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Pola Negri

Charlie Chaplin That Time Charlie Chaplin Was Like That: You know, some stars married much younger women back in the day. Some stars married younger women twice. Charlie Chaplain married two sixteen-year-olds and an eighteen-yearold, the last when he was in his fifties.

People accuse Millenials of being photoobsessed camera hogs, but the generation’s got nothing on the silent film stars. When lover Rudolph Valentino died, Negri fainted three times, the second time onto Valentino’s coffin, where she dramatically declared that he had proposed to her and called herself his widow. On standing, she fainted again, in front of the $2,000 flower arrangement ($28,007.57 in today’s money!) that spelled out her first name. Compared to that, a few filtered selfies sound totally reasonable.

John Lennon

John Lennon Was A Total Prolapsed Anus Of A Human Being: Lennon physically assaulted both of his wives and constantly verbally harangued his son. But somehow, his most famous scandal was the time he said that the Beatles were “bigger than Jesus” in an interview.

“University and College? I just don’t get it . . . ”

Jerry Lee Lewis Jerry Lee Lewis Married His 13-Year-Old Cousin When He Was 22: Technically, she was a first cousin once removed, the daughter of his cousin J. W. Brown. And, technically, age is just a number and jail is just a room!

“ . . . Global Campus sounds so much better!”

University of Maryland University College is now UNIVERSITY OF MARYLAND GLOBAL CAMPUS We spent a lot of time trying to explain our old name. After all, it did have two “universities” and a “college” in it. Now we’re adopting a new name that better communicates who we are: a state university with a global reach and a rich history of serving the military around the world. We offer online and hybrid courses, more than 90 programs and specializations, and more than 140 classroom and service locations worldwide, including at military installations. UMUC is now University of Maryland Global Campus. New name. Same mission.

Learn more at UMGC.EDU © 2019 University of Maryland Global Campus

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October 1, 2019 5 9/17/19 11:26 AM

‘When even one American - who has done nothing wrong - is forced by fear to shut his mind and close his mouth - then all Americans are in peril.’ Harry S. Truman

34th U.S. President

April 12, 1945 - January 20, 1953

Alben W. Barkley

35th U.S. Vice President January 20, 1949 – January 20, 1953

News Stories

• 22nd Amendment to the US Constitution, limiting the number of terms a president may serve, is ratified (Feb. 27). • Julius and Ethel Rosenberg sentenced to death for treason (April 5; executed June 19, 1953). • The first commercial computer, UNIVAC, is put into use at the U.S. Census Bureau.

• •

t telephone call was The first direct-dial coast to coas took place between call The er. made during Novemb ey, and the Mayor of Jers the Mayor of Englewood, New 18 seconds to connect ut abo took It ia. forn Alameda, Cali T’s direct distance AT& g usin ed the call and it was plac an use operator to connect dialing system which did not the call.

During January the United States government began nuclear bomb testing at a test site in Nevada. The U.S. Government moved the testing back to the mainland and chose a large portion of mountainous and desert land in Nevada, located about 65 miles away from Las Vegas, as their site. 1951 Unemployment dipped to 3.3% in the US and new roads were built to take the ever increasing numbers of cars including the New Jersey Turnpike.

uclear weapon t s the first thermon rm rfo pe t was tes Sta d The Unite eenhouse.” The tes rt of “Operation Gr blast, named “Georg during May as a pa e o ewetak Atoll and th tion of a non-weap conducted at the En all-scale demonstra sm ul ssf the first succe hydrogen bomb.

Sports • • • • • • •

• In an effort to introduce rhythm and blues to a broader white audience, which was hesitant to embrace “black music,” disc jockey Alan Freed uses the term rock ‘n’ roll to describe R&B.

Super Bowl won by LA Rams World Series won by NY Yankees NBA Championship won by Rochester Stanley Cup won by Toronto Wimbledon - Women: Doris Hart Wimbledon - Men: Dick Savitt Kentucky Derby won by Count Turf



• Yul Brynner makes his first appearance as the king of Siam in Rodgers and Hammerstein’s The King and I. Gertrude Lawrence costars • Color television introduced in the U.S.

• • • •

The African Queen A Streetcar Named Desire An American in Paris A Place in the Sun

Books • • • • • • •

Hannah Arendt, The Origins of Totalitarianism Hortense Calisher, In the Absence of Angels Truman Capote, The Grass Harp Carson McCullers, The Ballad of the Sad Café Adrienne Rich, A Change of World J. D. Salinger, The Catcher in the Rye Herman Wouk, The Caine Mutiny

1951 Hudson Hornet ican Queen • The Afr 6 October 1, 2019 6 October 1, 2019 • •

. . . n e h w r e b m Reme

1 5 19

1951 Chevy Truck


test s ge,” was onized

brues begin during Fe n American Gam Aires, Argentina. The very first Pa os re held in Buen ary. The games we n American games was to create Pa e th icas. of e os rp The pu ion for the Amer regional competit an Olympic-style

Nobel Prize

• Chemistry: Glenn T. Seaborg and Edwin H. McMillan (U.S.) • Physics: Sir John Douglas Cockcroft (UK) and Ernest T. S. Walton (Ireland) • Medicine: Max Theiler (South Africa)

BORN THIS YEAR: Anjelica Huston Actress Kurt Russell Actor Sally Ride Astronaut John Mellencamp Musician Lynda Carter Actress

Miss America

• Income per year ....................... $9,000 • Average wage.......................................... $3.66 • New house .......................................... $9,000 • Rent .................................................................................... $52 • New car.......................................................... $1,500 • Gallon of gas ....................................................... 19¢ • Gallon of milk ..................................................... 27¢ • Loaf of bread ..................................................... 16¢ • First-class stamp ........................................... 3¢ • Movie ticket ..........................................................53¢

• Yolande Margaret Betbeze Fox (AL)

ire Named Des A Streetcar

aris ican in P An Amer the Sun A Place in

1951 Mercedes-Benz

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October 1 , 2019 7 October 1, 2019 7

MACARTHUR VS TRUMAN: THE SHOWDOWN MacArthur vs. Truman: The Showdown That Changed America

“This looks like the last straw,” a seething President Harry Truman scrawled in his diary on April 6, 1951. Once again the commander of U.S. forces in the Korean War, General Douglas MacArthur, had gone public with his differences with the commander in chief over the conduct of the war—this time in a letter to House Republican Leader Joseph Martin.

Truman thought it nothing less than “rank insubordination,” and five days later he delivered the shocking news to the American people that he had relieved MacArthur of his command and replaced him with General Matthew Ridgway. “With deep regret I have concluded that General of the Army Douglas MacArthur is unable to give his wholehearted support to the policies of the United States Government and of the United Nations in matters pertaining to his official duties,” the president said. The tension that had been mounting

for months between the modest president and the egotistical general went beyond mere personality differences. Still upset that MacArthur had mistakenly assured him during a face-to-face meeting on Wake Island that the communist government of China would not intervene on behalf of North Korea, Truman favored a “limited war.” MacArthur, however, publicly advocated the more expansive use of American military power, including the bombing of China, employment of Nationalist Chinese forces from Formosa (Taiwan) and the possible use of nuclear weapons. Fearing that such an approach risked a massively expanded war in Asia and even the start of World War III— with the Soviet Union coming to the aid of China—Truman clashed repeatedly with MacArthur before finally dismissing him. H.W. Brands, author of the new book “The General vs. the President: MacArthur and Truman at the Brink of Nuclear War,” tells HISTORY that Truman’s

decision had far-reaching implications beyond just the conduct of the Korean War. “I think the enduring legacy is that Truman took a great political risk, and he did it immediately to prevent World War III, but also to prove the principle that civilian elected officials are above military officials, however grand and decorated they may be,” he says. “Generals ever since have taken that lesson. With Lyndon Johnson, the generals in Vietnam knew not to take their differences outside of the administration or popular opinion would probably be against them.” Truman’s decision not only ended MacArthur’s military career, it ended the president’s political career as well, setting the stage for the subsequent presidency of Dwight Eisenhower. In the first 24 hours after the president’s announcement, the White House received more than 5,000 telegrams—three-quarters of them backing the popular MacArthur, who had been named the greatest living American in a 1946 poll. “In the wake of the firing, Truman’s popular approval Macarther vs Truman, continued on Page 11


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“Sorry to hear about the damage, but I have some good news for you, I can hire you right now! Our working hours are 8 to 4. Come on in tomorrow about 10, and we’ll get you started.” The guy says, “If working hours are from 8 to 4, why do you want me to come at 10?”

Just for Laughs

“Well, here in the government offices, we don’t do anything but sit around and scratch our balls for the first two hours. No point of your coming in for that.

A guy goes to an interview for a job as a government accountant. The interviewer asks him, “Are you a veteran?”

10 October 1, 2019

So the preacher grabs him and dunks him in the water. He pulls him up and asks the drunk, “Brother, have you found Jesus?” The drunk replies, “No, I haven’t found Jesus.” The preacher shocked at the answer; dunks him into the water again for a little longer this time.

The drunk again answers, “No, I haven’t found Jesus.”

The guy says, “Why yes, in fact, I served two tours in Vietnam.”

The guy says, “In fact I am 100% disabled. During a battle, an explosion removed my genitals so they declared me disabled… but it doesn’t affect my ability to work, though.”

The drunk answers, “Yes, I am.”

He again pulls him out of the water and asks again,”Have you found Jesus, my brother?”


“Good,” says the interviewer, “That counts in your favor. Do you have any service related disabilities?”

The preacher turns around and is almost overcome by the smell of alcohol, whereupon he asks the drunk, “Are you ready to find Jesus?”


A man is stumbling through the woods totally drunk when he comes upon a preacher baptizing people in the river. He proceeds to walk into the water and subsequently bumps into the preacher.


An angry wife was complaining about her husband spending all his free time in a bar, so one night he took her along with him. “What’ll you have?” he asked. “Oh, I don’t know. The same as you I suppose,” she replied. So, the husband ordered a couple of Jack Daniel’s and threw his down in one shot. His wife watched him, then took a sip from her glass and immediately spat it out. “Yuck, that’s TERRIBLE!” she spluttered. “I don’t know how you can drink this stuff!” “Well, there you go,” cried the husband. “And you think I’m out enjoying myself every night!”

By this time the preacher is at his wits end and dunks the drunk in the water again. This time holds him down for about 30 seconds and when he begins kicking his arms and legs he pulls him up. The preacher again asks the drunk, “For the love of God, have you found Jesus?” The drunk wipes his eyes, catches his breath and yells to the preacher, “Are you sure this is where he fell in?” •


Macarther vs Truman Continued from Page 8

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MacArthur, however, harbored ambitions of succeeding Truman as commander-in-chief after returning home to a hero’s welcome that included an address to a joint session of Congress and a ticker-tape parade through New York City. “There was this popular surge of support for MacArthur when he came home, but it turned out it was for what MacArthur had done in the past rather than what he might do in the future. He was the last of the generals to come home and get his victory parade,” Brands says. “MacArthur read it as possible support for a MacArthur candidacy for president. It turned out that wasn’t it.” MacArthur’s support among right-wing Republicans began to sag after a Senate committee heard secret testimony from his superiors, including Generals George Marshall and Omar Bradley, that disputed the viability of MacArthur’s plan for a total war and revealed the United States lacked the military capability at the time to win another world war. “It demonstrated that MacArthur was just talking hot air, and very silently the air started to leak out of the MacArthur balloon,” Brands says. When MacArthur’s keynote speech at the 1952 Republican National Convention fell flat, delegates abandoned the general. “They turned to another general—one with a more common touch, Eisenhower,” Brands says. “MacArthur’s political balloon sank to earth and was never seen again.” The two competing visions of Truman and MacArthur as to how to respond to the threat of communism and wage war in the nuclear age reverberated for decades after Eisenhower brought the Korean War to a conclusion. “Truman thought the Cold War could be won without an all-out war with the Soviet Union, but MacArthur did not believe that was possible,” Brands says. “MacArthur essentially believed that World War III had begun and the U.S. had to wage it. He believed there was no substitute for victory.

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rating set a record not matched before or ever since—22 percent—lower even than Nixon’s at the depth of the Watergate scandal,” Brands says. After what the historian calls “political suicide,” Truman did not even pursue his party’s nomination in 1952.

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Radio tubes, military tubes, tube testers, transformers, parts, RCA, Western Electric, Altec, Mcintosh, JBL, Marantz, Ampex, Electrovoice, Dynaco, amplifiers, speakers, microphones, mixers, turntables, etc.



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Volume 42

• Number 18

• Sept. 15,











Publisher: Richard T. Matz Advertising: (858)537-2280 x303 Public Relations: Lisa Matz Managing Editor: Lisa Vante Distribution: Dennis Wink Contributing Writers: Doug Aguillard, Keith Angelin, Elise Cooper, Art Garcia, Howard Hian, Jeri Jacquin (The Movie Maven), Carlos Kremer, Heather E. Siegel Contact Us: Tel 858.537.2280 333 S. Juniper St., Suite 103 Escondido, CA 92025 •

DISTRIBUTION Distributed on the 1st and 15th of each month. Available aboard all San Diego County military bases, onboard in-port ships, at participating Albertsons, Ralphs, CVS Pharmacies and 7-11s. For more locations, visit

The Military Press is published semi-monthly on the 1st and the 15th by Military Press Publishing LLC, a commercial, free-enterprise newspaper. It does not necessarily reflect the opinion of the Department of the Navy and is no way associated with the Department of the Navy. The editorial objective of the Military Press is to promote support for a strong military presence. The opinions and views of the writers whose materials appear herein are those of the writers and not the publisher. Appearance of advertising does not constitute endorsement by the Military Press. Consumers should make informed decisions when purchasing products and services, and when considering business opportunities, and research before investing. Subscription by mail is $50 per year to CONUS or FPO addresses.

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1. Noodles 6. Throat-clearing sound 10. Kaolin 14. Sea 15. Prospector’s find 16. Fit 17. Refine metal 18. Nonclerical 19. Dogfish 20. From now on 22. Teller of untruths 23. Not used 24. Collection of maps 26. Flora 30. Small boat 32. African virus 33. Starting 37. Urarthritis 38. Data stream manipulator 39. Thug 40. Sings (to attract) 42. Reddish brown 43. Angered 44. Girdle 45. Substantial 47. Court 48. Lady’s escort 49. The same backward as forward 56. Decorative case 57. Swill 58. Hermit 59. Roman emperor 60. Brute 61. Canker sore 62. Biblical garden 63. Found on most beaches 64. Encounters

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The rules to play Sudoku are quite simple. Fill in the blanks so that each row, each column, and each of the nine 3x3 grids contain one instance of each of the number 1 through 9.


1. Ritzy 2. Crest 3. Observed 4. After-bath powder 5. Aerial 6. Bestow 7. Rime 8. Modify 9. Repairman 10. Rival 11. Female demon 12. Pseudonym 13. 365 days 21. Ef-

feminate 25. 2,000 pounds 26. Pleads 27. Double-reed woodwind 28. See the sights 29. Change 30. Handed over 31. Anagram of “Sage” 33. Portend 34. Charged particles 35. Not a single one 36. Annoying insect 38. Temperate bog

orchids 41. Louse-to-be 42. Goon 44. Bamboozle 45. Doled out 46. Habituate 47. Rubbed 48. Heredity unit 50. Diatom 51. Forsaken 52. Part in a play 53. A single time 54. Encounter 55. Makes a mistake

This week’s solutions:

October 1, 2019 11



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