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The Modern Order of Saint Lazarus

A history of the Military and Hospitaller Order of Saint Lazarus of Jerusalem in the last half century


The Modern Order of Saint Lazarus

A history of the Military and Hospitaller Order of Saint Lazarus of Jerusalem in the last half century

Office of the Grand Archivist & Historian - MHOSLJ Torri ta’ Lanzun, Malta

2014


Copyright Š 2014 by The Office of the Grand Archivist & Historian of the Military & Hospitaller Order of Saint Lazarus of Jerusalem.

All rights reserved. No part of this book may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system or transmitted in any form by any means: electronic, electrostatic, magnetic, tape, mechanical photocopying, recording or otherwise without the prior permission of the Publisher. For permission to use material from this book please contact the publisher: Office of the Grand Archivist & Historian, Torri ta’ Lanzun, Mensija, San Gwann, Malta


The Modern Order of Saint Lazarus

Contents

1. General history of the Order a. The historical developments in the last half century b. The properties of the Order c. The Schismatic Groups of the Order of Saint Lazarus – a background to their history d. Bid to acquire King George V Hospital in Malta e. The legal development of the Military and Hospitaller Order of Saint Lazarus 2. National jurisdictions a. The Grand Priory of Australia b. The Grand Priory of Canada c. The Grand Priory of the Maltese Islands d. The Delegation of Norway e. La Grand Priore en Espaùa f.

The Grand Bailiwick of Luxembourg

g. The Order in Scotland 3. Hereditary & Grand Commandery jurisdictions a. The Grand Commandery of the Castello


The Modern Order of Saint Lazarus

2. National Jurisdictions of the Order


The Modern Order of Saint Lazarus

The Grand Priory of Australia Chev. Raymond Bagdonis GCLJ

The first attempts to establish a jurisdiction on the Australian continent date to the 1960s after the re-institution of the English Tongue in November 1961.1 By 1965, a Bailiwick of Australia had been established under the jurisdiction of the Grand Bailiwick General and Commissionerate General LtCol Robert Gayre. The members included Chev. Richard Leslie Gair KLJ and Paul Wichelo Nichols MLJ.2 Following the 1969 schism within the Order, which was eventually to lead to the separation of the membership into two obediences, the Australian jurisdiction followed the leadership of Grand Master H.R.H. Prince Charles Philippe d ’Orleans, Duke of Nemours, Vendome and Alencon.3 The Australian jurisdiction within the Malta Obedience remained rather limited in membership so that by 1994, it still retained the status of a Delegation. 4 The Paris Obedience of the Order of Saint Lazarus of Jerusalem under the Grand Master Duke of Brissac established itself in Australia in November 1979. It was created a National Delegation by Magistral Decree dated 15th March 1980 with Alderman Ray Bagdonas being apppointed the first Delegate. Throughout 1980, efforts were made to augment the membership mainly in New South Wales and on the 25th May 1981, the Australian Delegation held its first meeting at the Union Club where it was agreed to meet an appeal for assistance from psychiatric nurse Pat Swan for a day care/activity centre for the mentally ill in the Campbelltown area of Sydney. The Order leased premises in Campbelltown and agreed to provide ongoing funding with the staffing provided by the local Area Health Service. The centre, called St. Lazarus House, was opened by the Mayor of Campbelltown on the 1st August 1981. 5 The members in New South Wales continued to meet monthly and further recruitment was carried out. The success of the Campbelltown St. Lazarus House brought a Health Commission request for a similar facility at Bankstown and the Order leased premises and funded this day care centre which was opened on 8th May 1982. Commander Bagdonas represented the Order on the management committees of both houses. The Sydney press and television widely reported on the work of the Order and both St. Lazarus Houses.

1 2

The chapter is primarily based on the information available on the National Jurisdiction’s website.

Green Cross Booklets, 1965, 6:p.11-12, 43 rd th Report of the Grand Magisterial Council held in Liège 3 and 4 June 1972. Continuation of list of members, amendments and audited accounts. MHOSLJ, Malta, 1972, p.7 4 Saint Lazarus Newsletter, No. 1, January 1994 3

5

Ray Bagdonas. The Millitary and Hospitaller Order of St. Lazarus of Jerusalem - It's History and Work. 1988

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The Modern Order of Saint Lazarus The Delegate realizing that for the Delegation to be a truly national body it needed membership from other States. He therefore set out to recruite further members to form a sub-delegation in Victoria. The Victorian sub-delegation or branch held its first meeting on 5th December 1982 in Sydney when members attended an Investiture at St. John's Anglican Church, Gordon, which was the Order's chapel. Sir Donald Trescowthick KBE CLJ was elected the first president of the Victorian branch. The next branch to be established was in Queensland in November 1983 with Solicitor General Cmd. Denis Galligan QC as its first president. In November 1983, the Queensland and Victorian members attended a reunion and investiture at St. Mary’s Catholic Cathedral in Sydney. A branch was established in the Australian Capital Territory on 11 th May 1984 with the Hon. Justice John Kelly as President. With all state branches meeting regularly, recruitment took place for a branch in South Australia which was formed at an inaugural meeting at the Adelaide Club on 9 th October 1984 with Cmd. Lewis Barrett OBE being elected branch President. Victoria and Queensland had made no further progress with recruitment, so the Delegate Cmd. Bagdonas resumed a membership drive which placed both branches on a sounder footing. The Order's new found strength and national identity was reflected by the attendance of members from all State branches at a National Reunion and Investiture held at Canberra on the 15th December 1984. Recognition for the Order's strong growth in Australia was given when on the 10 th April 1985 by the Magistral Decree No. 85, a Grand Bailiwick covering Australia and the South Pacific region was created. The Delegate Ray Bagdonas was made the Order's first knight in Australia. The next national reunion was held in Adelaide in February 1987, followed by Melbourne in February 1988 where the newly formed Tasmanian Commandery had its inaugural meeting electing the Hon. Ken Lowrie as its first President or Commander. All commanderies meet regularly, usually every two months or so, hold annual general meetings to elect their executive officers while the Grand Bailiwick holds a national chapter and investiture annually. Each Commandery carries out its own humanitarian work, as does the Bailiwick on projects initiated by the National Council and the Grand Bailiff. Thanks to the efforts of its members the Order has made great progress over a short period of time making a positive contribution in aid of the sick or suffering and to the ecumenical Christian ideal. A National Council, comprising the Presidents of each State and the ACT together with the office bearers as set out in Section 4.2, is responsible for the governance of the Order between National Chapter meetings.

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The Modern Order of Saint Lazarus

The Grand Priory in Canada Chev. Charles Savona-Ventura Grand Archivist & Historian

The Order of Saint Lazarus of Jerusalem had established a presence in the French New World in the 16th century when the Grand Master of the Order, Aymard de Clermont de Chastes, was appointed the King's Lieutenant-General of New France. He was responsible for sending Samuel de Champlain to explore the St. Lawrence River. Throughout the history of New France distinguished services were often rewarded with knighthood in the Order. By 1763, the French had lost its holding in Canada to the British, and almost all of the members of the Order left the New World. Only Chev. D’Estimauville de Beaumouchel continued to represent the Order in Canada, dying in 1831. In the early twentieth century, the Order’s presence in Canada was restricted to individuals. In 1921, the most Reverend Felix Couturier [died 1941] was appointed Bishop of Alexandria, then a suffragen of Kingston, Ontario. Bishop Couturier had been admited to the Order a few years earlier. In 1929, Eugene Corriveau was appointed the Order’s Delegate in Canada being succeeded by Col. Thomas Guerin. The delegation was maintained until the Second World War when it became isolated from the central organization in Paris. 1 In 1961, the Order re-instituted the English Tongue with the appointment of LtCol Robert Gayre of Gayre and Nigg, Baron of Lochoreshire as Commissioner General and Grand Bailiffiship General for the English Tongue. This led to the establishment of various commanderies and delegations in the United Kingdom and other Commonwealth countries, including the eventual setting up of the Grand Bailiwick of Canada. 2 The Canadian R. Mingo Sweeney was admitted to the Order soon after the estab lishment of the English Tongue. Following his return to Canada in 1962, Mingo Sweeney was introduced to the Honourable J. Keiller Mackay, then Lieutenant-Governor of Ontario who showed a significant interest in forming a Canadian Bailiwick. On the 26th November 1962, an investiture took place in Toronto presided by LtCol Robert Gayre. About Hon. J. Keller Mackay

1

Charles Savona-Ventura. The French First Colonial Empire. In: The History of the Order of Saint Lazarus of Jerusalem. Nova publishers, New York, 2014, p.87-95; Robert Pichette. The Order of Saint Lazarus in New France. In: A Short History of the Grand Priory of Canada. Historical Commission – MHOSLJ, Canada, 1977, p.30-42 2 The Green Cross – La Croix de Sinople, 1962, 1(i):p.18-28; The Green Cross – La Croix de Sinople, 1963, 1(ii):p.23-31

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The Modern Order of Saint Lazarus twenty knights, dames and commanders were invested and the Hon. Keiller Mackay was installed as the first Canadian Grand Bailiff of the Military and Hospitaller Order of Saint Lazarus of Jerusalem. 3

Founder Members of the Canadian jurisdiction: [left to right standing] Cmdr Peter Wilch CLJ (Banner Bearer); Chev. R. Mingo Sweeny KLJ (Referendary); Chev. The Hon. Roland Michener KLJ; Chev. LtCol Douglas B. Weldon KLJ; Chev Jean Lanctot KLJ; Mrs Irene Sweeney CLJ; Chev. O’Neill O’Higgins KLJ; Chev. LtCol Ian Douglas KLJ (Secretary General); Chev. The Hon. Léon Balcer KLJ; Chev. LtCol G.Allan Burton KLJ; Chev. The Hon. Marc R. Drouin KLJ; Chev. Trevor Moore KLJ; F.E. Duder CLJ; Chev. Patrick Nicholson KLJ; Chev. Harolde J. Savoy KLJ; Chev. Jacques Brillant KLJ; Chev. W.M.V. Ash KLJ; Chev. LtCol Frank F. McEachren KLJ (Vice Chancellor). [left to right seated] Dame J. Keiller Mackay DGCLJ; Chev. LtCol The Hon. J. Keller Mackay GCLJ (Grand Baillif); LtCol Robert Gayre GCLJ (presiding); Chev. LtCol The Hon. J. Pierre Sévigny GCLJ (Chancellor); Mrs Pierre Sévigny DGCLJ.

On the 25th March 1965, Letters Patent for the incorporation of the Order in Canada were issued by Louis Lesage serving Secretary of State of Canada. This empowers the order to grant honours, record Arms, receive gifts, and to engage in charitable, ecumenical and chivalric works locally and abroad.4 While the Canadaiam jurisdiction sarted as an offshoot of the English tongue, it quickly strove to assume a more leading role within the International Order. On the 16 th January 3

George F.G. Stanley, J.S. McGivern, Laszlo Kato. The Order of Saint Lazarus in Canada – Its Aims and Objectives. In: A Short History of the Grand Priory of Canada. Historical Commission – MHOSLJ, Canada, 1977, p.43-98 4 th Letters Patent incorporating The military and Hospitaller Order of Saint Lazarus of Jerusalem in Canada 25 March 1963. In: A Short History of the Grand Priory of Canada. Historical Commission – MHOSLJ, Canada, 1977, p.66-68

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The Modern Order of Saint Lazarus 1968, the officers of the Canadian jurisdiction sent a letter to the Commissioner-General for the English Tongue stressing the bilingual character of the jurisdiction and requesting the status of a Grand Priory dependent directly upon the Grand Magistracy of the Order. Matters came to a head indirectly in the wake of the 1969 when the Duc de Brissac assumed the leadership of the Order surplanting the Grand Master Charles Philippe d’Orléans de Nemour and creating a schism. The Canadian Bailiwick chose to endorse and support the Duc de Brissac and gravitated towards the Paris Obedience. The jurisdiction was raised to a Grand Priory by magisterial decree in 1970 with the Hon. Keiller Mackay being confirmed as the first Grand Prior; while Patrick Nicholson and General Guy Gauvreau were appointed to the Supreme Council. By 1974, the Canadian jurisdiction was second in numbers only to that of France. By 1976, the number of admissions within the Canadian jurisdiction had amounted to 420 members.5 The growth in the number of members of the Grand Priory within the Paris Obedience during the early 1970's brought about a greater degree of de-centralization in the organization of the Order in Canada, and the policy of establishing local Commanderies was extended. By 1974, there were six Commanderies in Canada:      

Commandery of Acadia [covering Atlantic Canada] Commandery of Quebec [covering the Quebec region] Commandery of Montreal [covering the Quebec region] Commandery of Toronto [covering the Ontario region] Commandery of Ottawa [covering the Ontario region], and Western Commandery [covering western Canada]. 6

In later years, four more Commanderies, namely: Edmonton, Calgary, British Columbia, and Western Ontario were created. More recently, the Thunder Bay Commandery and the Provisional Delegation for Newfoundland and Labrador were added. Newfoundland became a commandery in its own right in 2006. In 2010 the Arctic Delegation was proudly established to serve the vast northern regions including the Yukon, Northwest Territories, and Nunavut. Today, the Canadian Grand Priory, with its representation from coast to coast to coast is a significant integral part of the ancient historical and ecumenical Order of Saint Lazarus. 7 The Malta Obedience by 1972 reestablished the Commandery of the Holy Trinity to represent its interests in Canada though this continued to collaborate with the other Commandieries within the Paris Obedience. 8 By 1983, the Canadian jurisdiction listed a total of 601 members.9

5

Members of the Canadian Grand Priory since 1962. In: A Short History of the Grand Priory of Canada. Historical Commission – MHOSLJ, Canada, 1977, p.87-97 6 George F.G. Stanley et al., 1977, op. cit. 7 The Order in Canada. The Order of St. Lazarus, Canada, 2013, accessed at http://www.stlazarus.ca/ 8 Constitutional Decrees – 46th Grand Master H.R.H. Prince Charles Philip of Orleans, Duke of Nemours, Vendome, and Alencon. MHOSLJ, Netherlands, 1969, p.5-6; An Introduction to the Order of Saint Lazarus of rd th Jerusalem. MHOSLJ, Malta, n.d. (¬1971), p.9; Report of the Grand Magisterial Council held in Liège 3 and 4 June 1972. Continuation of list of members, amendments and audited accounts. MHOSLJ, Malta, 1972, p.7 9 James J. Algrant y Canete, Jean de Beaugourdon. Armorial of the Military and Hospitaller Order of Saint Lazarus of Jerusalem. H.A. van den Akker, Holland, 1983, p.306-332

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The Modern Order of Saint Lazarus

             

1962 – 1970  LCol The Hon. John Keiler Mackay 1970 – 1972  Patrick Nicholson 1972 – 1980  BrigGen J. Guy Gauvreau 1980 – 1982  Col Frank F. McEachern 1982 – 1985  The Hon. Pauline M. McGibbon 1985 – 1987  Chev. John C. Parkin 1987 – 1992  Chev. Andrew A. Duncanson 1992 – 1997  Col Jean-Claude Dubuc 1997 – 2001  Dr. George Trusler 2001 – 2004  LCol Frederic L.R. Jackman 2004 – 2007  Chev. Robert H Vandewater 2007 – 2010  Chev. Georges N. Parent 2010 – 2013  Chev. Richard M Dumbrille 2013 et sec  The Hon. Peter A. S. Milliken Heads of the Canadian Jurisdiction – Paris Obedience

Chev Patrick Nicholson 2nd Grand Prior

Chev BrigGen J. Guy Gauvreau 3rd Grand Prior

Current Grand Prior Hon. Peter A. S. Milliken

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The Modern Order of Saint Lazarus On the 26th-29th August 1976, the Canadian jurisdiction hosted an international gathering in Quebec presided by the head of the Paris Obedience H.E. Pierre de Cossé Duc de Brissac and the Spiritual Protector H.B. Maximos V. During this meeting, the Duc of Brissac formally assumed the post of 47th Grand Master.10

Procession to the Church of Saint-Coeur de Marie, Quebec – 1976 Meeting.

In spite of the differences plaguing the Order resulting from the 1969 schism, the Canadian jurisdictions continued to actively strive to heal the rift between the two branches. In 1979, representatives of the Grand Priory of Canada (de Brissac fraction) and the Grand Priory of America (de Borbón fraction) met in Canada to discuss the potential for reunification. Recommendations made from both sides led to an agreement signed in 1979 by both Grand Masters and most of the Heads of Jurisdictions of both branches. In a spirit of knightly confraternity, it was decided that each side would give up its vain quarrels and would work to achieve reunification. Each side would retain its structure and identity – the branch governed by the Duke of Seville would be known as the "Malta Obedience", while that governed by the Duke of Brissac would be known as the "Paris Obedience". The spiritual unity of the Order was to be assured by the Spiritual Protector H.B. Maximos V. Hakim. 11 In 1981, the members of the two obediences in Canada organised a joint meeting and investiture under the auspices of the Spiritual Protector, His Beatitude Maximos V Hakim. They subsequently elected a common Grand Prior of Canada effectively joining together in a single unified Grand Priory. While re-unification had effectively taken placed within the Canadian region, the Canadian jurisdiction continued to actively strive to bring about a general re-unification of the two branches of the Order. A Reunion Meeting of the Paris Obedience was held in Toronto in 1992.12 In spite of setbacks, the reunification process of the de Brissac – de Seville group continued 10

George F.G. Stanley et al., 1977, op. cit. th th Report of the Grand Magistral Council held in Helsinki, Finland, 7 – 8 September 1982. MHOSLJ, Finland, 1982, p.69-70 12 Charles Savona-Ventura. The Sigillography and Commemorative artifacts [medallions, medals, stamps, plates] of the Order of Saint Lazarus. Office of the Grand Archivist & Historian, Malta, 2014 11

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The Modern Order of Saint Lazarus culminating with the appointment of a common 49th Grand Master H.E. Carlos Gereda y de BorbĂłn, Marquis de Almazan in 2008. The Melkite Patriarch His Beatitude Gregory III remained the Spiritual Protector of the united Order. Thus, some 1500 international members of the Paris Obedience finally moved towards reunification with the 4000 members of the Malta Obedience. On the 15th April 1998, the Grand Priory was granted rights of the bannar and emblem of the Grand Priory, this being registered in Public Register of Arms, Flags & Badges of the Canadian Heraldic Authority. 13

13

Grant of Flag and Badge April 15, 1998, Vol. III, p. 234. Public Register of Arms, Flags & Badges – Canadian Heraldic Authority. http://reg.gg.ca/heraldry/pub-reg/project.asp?lang=e&ProjectID=754&ShowAll=1

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The Modern Order of Saint Lazarus The Grand Priory of Canada with its thirteen sub-jurisdictions today forms a very important facet of the Internatational Order. Led by Grand Prior the Hon. Peter A. S. Milliken KCLJ, MMLJ, the jurisdiction continues with its philantropic works to achieve its mission to care for the aged, the sick and the needy, and to provide support for the advancement of palliative and hospice care in Canada and overseas. It further strives towards the alleviation of suffering by caring for persons with leprosy; to support of Ecumenism to foster Christian unity at pastoral, cultural, and social levels; and for the promotion of the time tested ideals of chivalry.

            

ACADIA COMMANDERY ARCTIC DELEGATION BRITISH COLUMBIA DELEGATION CALGARY COMMANDERY EDMONTON COMMANDERY MANITOBA DELEGATION MONTREAL COMMANDERY NEWFOUNDLAND DELEGATION OTTAWA COMMANDERY QUEBEC COMMANDERY THUNDER BAY COMMANDERY TORONTO COMMANDERY WESTERN ONTARIO COMMANDERY

A major project for the jurisdiction has been the publication of the book A Caregiver's Guide written by a team of experienced end-of-life care professionals and health educators based on extensive input from palliative care professionals in the fields of nursing, medicine, social work, pharmacy, nutrition, physiotherapy, occupational therapy and pastoral counselling. The publication was first published in 2002 in Alberta as a project of the Edmonton and Calgary commanderies and developed in association with the Alberta Hospice Palliative Care Association and the Edmonton Regional Palliative Care Program. The Order of St. Lazarus contributed significantly to all aspects of the publication and also raised the funds needed to print and distribute the first 20,000 copies. In 2003, The Western Ontario Commandery funded a reprint for hospices and palliative care programs in their area. After numerous requests for a revised, national edition of A Caregiver's Guide were received from across Canada, and with the encouragement of Senator Sharon Carstairs, then Minister with Special Responsibility for Palliative Care, in 2005 the Order of St. Lazarus committed to support the publication of a national edition endorsed by the Canadian Hospice Palliative Care Association (CHPCA). With funding from the Order, 50,000 copies of the book, and 15,000 of the French translation Guide des aidants naturels, were printed and distributed to Canadian caregivers via hospice palliative care programs associated with the CHPCA. To date more than 300,000 copies of the book, in the English and French language editions as well as in Chinese and two Inuit languages, have been distributed in Canada, all at no cost to the caregivers. Moreover, the Order of St. Lazarus has also supported the translation and publication of international editions of the guide in Portugal, Australia, China and Japan; while several European countries are currently exploring the potential for its translation and use. In 2012, the Canadian jurisdiction commemorated the 50th Anniversary from its initiation. From a very small presence, the jurisdiction was to find favour and expand exponentially to become a major player in the International Order. A commemorative medal was issued. The circular gold medal, in large and miniature format, has a obverse showing the new distinctive Canadian "Badge" in centre 9|P age


The Modern Order of Saint Lazarus encirled by the words ‘ORDO SANCTI LAZARI * ATAVIS ET ARMIS’. The reverse bears a large numeral "50" in centre, CANADA at the top and the years 1962-2012 at bottom. The ribbon shows a green stripe in centre, representative of the "Order" flanked on either side by alternating red and white stripes denoting Canada's "Official Colours", while symbolizing the shield of the Order between two Canadian flags. The sum of either 4 red or 4 white stripes plus the green centre stripe totals "5" in each instance, echoing the 5 decades of service to mankind by the Canadian Priory. 14

14

http://www.stlazarus.ca/medal.html

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The Modern Order of Saint Lazarus

The Grand Priory of the Maltese Islands Chev. Charles Savona-Ventura Grand Prior of the Maltese Islands

The Maltese Jurisdiction of the Military and Hospitaller Order of Saint Lazarus of Jerusalem has a relatively recent history. There are no direct references to any links between the Order of Saint Lazarus and the Islands during the medieval period, though regulations relating to the Order in Sicily would have applied to the Islands as well.1 During the Hospitaller period, a number of 16th century Grand Masters of the Order of Saint Lazarus of Jerusalem had probably spent time on the Maltese Islands having been first professed as knights of the Order of Saint John in Malta. 2 Their sojourn on Malta however would probably have predated their appointment to the post of Grand Master of the Order of Saint Lazarus.3 Similarly members of the Order of St John were admitted to the fused Order of St Lazarus and Mount Carmel during the 17 th and 18th century usually after obtaining a dispensation to get married.4 Other members of the Order of St John exiled from Malta were in 1800 admitted members of the Order of St. Lazarus.5 After the departure of the Order of Saint John from the Maltese Islands in 1798, the political and cultural history of the Islands became interlinked with that of the British Isles. The origins of the present Maltese jurisdiction are therefore linked to the development of the English Tongue historically based upon Scotland, England and Ireland set up on the 25th November 1961, under the Presidency of the Commissioner General and Grand Bailiff for the English Tongue, Lt. Colonel Robert Gayre of Gayre and Nigg, Laird of Lochore. Original Maltese members of the Scottish Grand Bailiwick

1

During 1268-1272, Charles I of Anjou adopted Pope Clement IV’s bull of August 1265 and ordered that all the leprosaria in his domains were to be placed under the protection and government of the Order of St Lazarus. He further proposed the confinement, by force if necessary, of all lepers in the Lazarite houses, and the donation of all their property to the Order – the latter suggestion was violently resisted by the sufferers’ families. This edict would have extended to the Maltese Islands so that had any lazarettos or land holdings been extant there, these would have fallen under the governance of the Order. 2 These include: Jean de Lévis [professed Knight OSJ: 1532; elected GM OSL: 1557]; Michel de Seure de Lumigny [professed Knight OSJ: 1539; elected GM OSL: 1564/1586]; François Salviati [professed Knight OSJ: 1544; elected GM OSL: 1578]; Armand de Clermont de Chastes [professed Knight OSJ: 1566; elected GM OSL: 1593]; and Jean-Charles de Gayand de Monterolles [elected GM OSL: 1599]. 3 C. Savona-Ventura. The Hospitaller Knights of Saint Lazarus. Grand Priory of the Maltese Islands – MHOSLJ, Malta, 2006 4 H.M. Langle, J.L. Tréourret de Kerstrat: Les Ordres de Saint Lazare de Jerusalem et de Notre Dame du MontCarmel aux XVIIe et XVIIIe siecles. Publications LTK, Paris, 1992. p.128, 132, 148, 152, 154, 279, 337, 346 5 These included Baille de Flashlander, Grand Bailli baron Jean Baptiste de Pfirdt-Blumberg Karspach, General Lamb, and Comte Theodore Rostopchine. J.J. Algrant, J. Beaugourdon: Armorial of the Military and Hospitaller Order of St Lazarus of Jerusalem. van den Akker, Delft, 1983, p.234

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The Modern Order of Saint Lazarus were the Sir Hannibal Publius Scicluna MBE KStJ GCM KCMM KCSG KLJ [GC . 127] and his spouse Lady M.H. Scicluna DLJ [GC No. 405].6 In 1964, Colonel Joseph Vincent Abela MBE OBE KCStJ KLJ was also admitted a knight of the Order.7

Chev. Sir Hannibal Scicluna Bust at The Mall Gardens, Floriana, Malta

Chev. Sir Hannibal P. Scicluna: b. Floriana, Malta 15.02.1880 d.21.12.1981. Education: St Ignatius College, Gozo Seminary, University of Malta qualified as legal procurator and MA (1938). Also awarded LLD hon. causa (1966). Joined Civil Service and held posts of Librarian of National Library and Director of National Museum. Member of various Orders including the Sovereign Military Order of St John, the Military Constantine Order of St George, the Order of the House of Lippe, and the Order of St Lazarus. Actively involved in philanthropic and cultural activities; wrote a number of historical publications. He was made Chevalier de la Legion d’Honneur (1918) and was awarded MBE (1935) and made knight bachelor (1955). He was also awarded the King George V Jubilee Medal, the King George VI Coronation Medal, and the Queen Elizabeth II Coronation Medal. 8

Chev. Joseph Vincent Abela: b. Balzan, Malta 31.12.1903 d.31.03.1975. Education: Malta Lyceum. Started Military career joining as Permanent Cadre Officer in the King’s Own Malta Regiment in 1923, then the Royal Malta Artillery (192551), appointed Commissioner of the Civil Defense Corps in 1951. During World War II served in Malta and the Middle East. Involved in philantrophic activities serving as Chairman to the Malta Playing Fields Association (1951-58), Commissioner of the St John Ambulance Brigade (after 1945), Island Commissioner of the Boy Scouts (after 1960), and Chairman of the Duke of Edinburgh Award Scheme (after 1963). Awarded MBE (1940), OBE (1954), Boy Scouts “Silver Wolf” (1963), made Fellow of the Institute of Civil Defense Chev. Joseph V. Abela (1952), and Friend of World Scouting (1962). Also was a Knight Commander of St John (1949), and Knight of Malta (1957). Made Knight of St Lazarus in 1964 and was appointed as the first Commander eventually Prior of Malta in 1966 and Chancellor of the Order in 1970. 9

The initiative to establish a national jurisdiction in Malta, a member of the British Commonwealth, was taken on the 2nd December 1964 through the efforts of LtCol Gayre and Sir Hannibal Scicluna who approached Col. J.V. Abela with the suggestion to found the Independent Commandery of Malta. The first exploratory meeting was followed by moves to establish a Maltese

6

The Green Cross. June 1962, 1(1):21-22 Malta Who’s Who 1965. Progress Press, Malta, 1965, p.8-9 8 A. Ellul Galea: Hannibal Publius Scicluna. In: M.J. Schiavona, L.J. Scerri (eds.): Maltese Biographies of the Twentieth Century. PIN, Malta, p.512 9 Malta Who’s Who 1965. Progress Press, Malta, 1965, p.8-9; J.A. Consiglio: Joseph Vincent Abela. In: M.J. Schiavone, L.J. Scerri (eds.): Maltese Biographies of the Twentieth Century. PIN, Malta, 1997, p.4 7

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The Modern Order of Saint Lazarus jurisdiction with the foundation meeting being held on the 30 th September 1966. This meeting addressed to by LtCol. Gayre was attended by Col. J.V. Abela, J. Abela, Dr. J. Agius, J. Amato Gauci, Elias Zammit and Prof. Joseph Zammit Maempel. Following the meeting a decision was made to formally apply to the Grand Master through the offices of the Laird of Gayre and Nigg to establish the Malta jurisdiction. Sir Hannibal Scicluna was nominated as Grand Commander, while Col. J.V. Abela was appointed as Commander to manage the local jurisdiction. The founding members resolved “That the scope of the Independent Commandery of the Order of Saint Lazarus in Malta be to help, by medical and non-medical means, in the prevention and management of chronic longdrawn disease in the population of these Islands, and to minimize the consequences thereof”. 10 The founding members included: 11         

Col. Joseph Vincent Abela [b.1903; d.1975; ad.1964] – Commander of Malta Elias Zammit KLJ [ad.1967 – GC No. 2] – Hon. Treasurer Anthony Zammit CLJ [d.2009; ad.1967 – GC No. 3] Anthony Miceli-Farrugia KLJ [b.1914; d.2002; ad.1967- GC No. 54] – Referendary Robert Biasini dei Conti Stagno Navarra KLJ [b.1904; d.1995; ad.1967 – GC No.55] – Chancellor Prof. Canon Carmelo Muscat KLJ [b.1926; ad.1967] – Chaplain Prof. J.V. Zammit-Maempel KLJ [b.1912; d.2001; ad.1967 – GC No. 59] - Hospitaller Ms. Evelyn Abela OLJ [ad.1967 – GC No. 56] Major Albert Edward Abela OLJ [b.1932; d.2007; ad.1967 – GC No. 57]. Joseph Amato Gauci KLJ [b.1909; d.1995; ad.1967 – GC No. 150] – Hon. Secretary

Chev. Elias Zammit TREASURER

Chev. Joseph Amato-Gauci SECRETARY

Chev. Prof. Joseph ZammitMaempel HOSPITALLER

Chev. Anthony MiceliFarrugia REFRENDARY

Founding Council Members of the Independent Commandery of Malta [exclude Col. Joseph Vincent Abela – Commander]

10

The Prior’s Speech: St. Lazarus Day Celebration Dinner – 2nd December 1972. St Lazarus News-Letter - Malta, April 1973, 1(6):3-4; Green Cross Booklets, April 1965, 6:p.44; Archives of the Grand Priory of the Maltese th th Islands: 1966-1971. Minute notes dated 30 September 1966 and 18 May 1967 11 Algrant, J. Beaugourdon: Armorial of the Military and Hospitaller Order of St Lazarus of Jerusalem. van den Akker, Delft, 1983, p.408-410, 430; T.C. Cutajar: L-Ordni ta’ San Lazzru ta’ Gerusalem – The Order of St. Lazarus of Jerusalem. Grand Priory of Malta – MHOSLJ, Malta, 2003, p.35.

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The Modern Order of Saint Lazarus The membership continued to increase gradually throughout the subsequent years though in 1968 a proposal was made by Lt.Col. J.V. Abela to limit admission to the Maltese jurisdiction to Maltese “of blood and not by residence”. Foreign expatriate members of the Order in Malta were placed under the wing of Col. Gayre who established a Malta branch of the Scottish Commandery of Lochore.12 By 1969, a roll of members in the jurisdiction amounted to 17 individuals. 13 On the 15th April 1969, the Independent Commandery of Malta was raised to the status of a Priory of Malta.14 The Priory of Malta hosted the Grand Magistral Council meeting held in Malta on the 3 rd-5th October 1969 during which its members participated actively. The delegations attending the Council were received by His Grace the Archbishop Sir Michael Gonzi and His Coadjutor Bishop Emmanuel Gerada at the Curia. 15 The early years of the Maltese jurisdiction 1967-1970 were characterised by a search for the raison d’etre of the Order’s role in Malta. Various propositions were put forward and investigated. These included the proposal of assuming the management of the recently closed King George V Hospital at Floriana, Malta. This proposition was positively received by the Grand Master who offered to contribute towards the necessary guarantee the sum of £500, while further guarantees were forthcoming from the Laird of Gayre [£1000], Chev. Zammit [£500] and Col. Abela [£500]. An application for acquiring the hospital was made but the scheme fell through since the government earmarked the hospital as a skin and cancer centre. Further proposed projects included the setting up of a private nursing scheme – the St. Lazarus Nursing Auxiliary Service – and the possibility of running Mobile Clinic for skin disorders, a Convalescent home, an Old People’s Home, a Maison de Repos, and an X-ray Clinic. 16 The succeeding prior of the Maltese jurisdiction in 1970 was Chev. R. Basini dei Conti Stagno Navarra.17 Chev. Basini embarked on further organising the jurisdiction setting out in 1973 the statutes for the Priory of Malta drafted with the help of Chev. Judge Gouder, Chev. Col. J. Abela,

12

Archives of the Grand Priory of the Maltese Islands: 1966-1971. Minute notes dated 9th November 1967; A. Zammit. Malta Priory. Report of the Grand Magistral Council held in Salzburg, 26th to 29th October 1990. MHOSLJ, Malta, 1990, p. 20-21 13 Roll of the Order. Names and members and affiliates of the Order by Grandmaster. Report of the Grand Magistral Council held in Malta 3rd to 5th October 1969. MHOSLJ, Malta, 1969, p.12, 30-44. 14 Letter from Chev. Col. R. Gayre dated 15th April 1969. MHOSLJ Archives B10:9 15 Report of the Grand Magistral Council held in Malta 3rd to 5th October 1969. MHOSLJ, Malta, 1969, p.3; Order of Chivalry Council Meeting in Malta. Times of Malta, 2nd October 1969, p.13 16 Archives of the Grand Priory of the Maltese Islands: 1966-1971. Minute notes dated 1967-1970 17 St. Lazarus News-letter, Malta, June 1971, 1(1):p.1. Archives of the Grand Priory of the Maltese Islands: 19661971. Minute notes dated 19th March 1970

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The Modern Order of Saint Lazarus Chev. J. Amato Gauci, Chev. Antoine Zammit, and Richard Flores Martin [GC 595].18 The Priory had continued to increase in numbers with an augmentation in membership to a total of 28. 19

Chev. Robert Biasini dei Conti Stagno Navarra Prior 1970-1985

Chev. R. Basini dei Conti Stagno Navarra: b. Malta 22.12.1904. Education: Malta Lyceum, Stella Maris College, and the University of Ankara. Joined the Civil service in 1923 and eventually was appointed Director of Agriculture in 1941, retiring in 1957. During the Second World War he served as Regional Protection Officer for the central region of the Island and Chairman of the Price Control Board. He was awarded the Defence Medal and the Coronation Medal in 1953. Basini was a pioneer in the setting up of the flower growing industry in Malta and after 1957 was the Managing Director of the Malta Flower Export Company. Admitted to the Order of Saint Lazarus in 1967 and eventually was 20 appointed Prior of Malta in 1970.

In 1969, a decision was made by the Grand Master to move the Grand Chancellary of the International Order from Paris to Malta. The Maltese jurisdiction quickly took the initiative to propose suitable sites for housing the Grand Chancellary and suggested the soon-to-vacate Admirality House and the St. John Counterguard. Other buildings, schedule to be vacated by the British Services, were discussed with the Malta Government Lands Department.

21

On the 11-15th

May 1973, the Priory of Malta hosted a Chapter General and the official visit of the 47 th Grandmaster Prince Francesco Enrique de Borbón who inaugurated Torri ta’ Lanzun as the Grand Cancellery of the Order establishing Malta as the Administrative seat of the Malta Obedience fraction of the Order. The original purchase of Torri ta’ Lanzun was made possible through the generosity of LtCol Robert Gayre.22 The legal transfer and restoration of Torri ta’ Lanzun was carried out under the professional expertise of notary Dr. J.R. Grech LLD BA CLJ and architect Chev Maurice Captur BE&A ArCE KLJ. The restoration was made possible through donation made by various members of the Order, overseas and from Malta.23 During the Grand Master’s visit, on the 13th May 1973, the Priory donated an 18

St. Lazarus News-letter, Malta, April 1973, 1(6):p.4; The Militay and Hospitaller Order of Saint Lazarus of Jerusaem – Malta Priory 1973: Statute. Malta Priory, MHOSLJ, Malta, 1973, +.24p. 19 Continuation of list of Members, Amendments, Recognitions of Meritorious Service. MHOSLJ, Malta, 1971, p.5-10,12; Inauguration of the Grand Chancery, Malta; Report on Chapter General held on 11th and 12th May 1973. MHOSLJ, Malta, p.7 20 St. Lazarus News-letter, Malta, June 1971, 1(1):p.4 21 Archives of the Grand Priory of the Maltese Islands: 1966-1971. Minute notes dated 5th March 1969 and 27th February 1971 22 Inauguration of the Grand Chancery, Malta; Report on Chapter General held on 11th and 12th May 1973. MHOSLJ, Malta, p.7; Order of St Lazarus headquarters to be inaugurated. Times of Malta, 12th May 1973, p.20 23 Inauguration of the Grand Chancery, Malta; Report on Chapter General held on 11th and 12th May 1973. MHOSLJ, Malta, p.3, 10-11

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The Modern Order of Saint Lazarus ambulance to the Hospital of St Catherine of Siena at Attard, Malta. This ambulance had been obtained from the Commandery of Lochore, Scotland through the agency of Messrs. Chalmers and Hardie. The Grandmaster made the formal presentation and further invested the Rev. Mothers Columba Camilleri and Celia Bye as officer and member of the Companionate of Merit respectively. A plaque to commemorate the event was unveiled; while the hospital undertook to fly the Flag of St Lazarus on St Lazarus Day (17th December) and name a new wing of the hospital after the patron saint of the Order.

Unveiling of Commemorative plaque th th At St. Catherine’s Hospital on the 13 May 1973 by the 47 Grandmaster Prince Francesco Enrique de Borbón and Chev A. Zammit, then Secretary General of the Priory of Malta, onlooking.

Commemorative plaque

In 1975, the Priory of Malta was elevated to the status of Grand Priory of the Maltese Islands 24 with Judge William D. Harding being appointed Grand Prior; assisted by Robert Biasini dei Conti Stagno Navarra as Prior. A Grand Magistral Council was held in Malta on the 23 rd – 24th September 1977. The Grand Priory hosted a Gala Dinner at the Casino Maltese in Valletta. This was attended by H.R.H. the Prince Grand Master and his spouse, the Members of the Supreme Council and Members of the Order. Investiture ceremonies officiated by the Grand Master were held at Castello Lanzun and in the Chapel of the Immaculate Conception at Mensija, San Gwann. 25

24

rd

th

Report of the Grand Magstral Council held in Malta 23 – 24 September 1977. MHOSLJ, Netherlands, 1977, p.5; Hand-written amended Statute of the Grand Priory dated 1975 in the Grand Priory’s Archives. 25 Report of the Grand Magstral Council held in Malta 23rd – 24th September 1977. MHOSLJ, Netherlands, 1977, p.20

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The Modern Order of Saint Lazarus Judge William D. Harding: b. Valletta, Malta 21.10.1898 d. 24.09.1985. Education: Malta Lyceum, University of Malta graduating B.Litt (1915) and LL.D. (1919). Followed postgraduate studies. Appointed as legal advisor to HM’s Forces (1930) and eventually judge (1935). Served on a number of government boards and commissions; and as Council Member to the University; also served as acting Governor of Malta. Was active in the philantrophic fields serving on the committees of several associations. He was awarded the Jubilee Medal (1935), the Coronation Medal (1953) and a CBE (1959). He was nominated Knight of Magistral Grace of the Sovereign Military Order of St John of Jerusalem (1963) Chev. Judge William D. Harding and Officer in the Venerable Order of St John (1969). 1975-1985 Admitted to the Order of St. Lazarus in 1975 and served as the first Grand Prior of Malta to the Military & Hospitaller Order of St Lazarus of Jerusalem.26

In 1983, the Grand Priory of Malta was represented by 55 members. Besides Judge W.D. Harding serving as Grand Prior, the officers included Robert Biasini dei Conti Stagno Navarra as Prior, Major F.E. Critien – Vice Chancellor; R.S. Attard – Receiver General; A. Miceli-Farrugia – Convener Admissions Ceremony; Prof. J.V. Zammit-Maempel – Hospitaller. Senior Chaplains included Rev. Mons. I. Sciberras-Psaila, Rev. Canon E. Ghigo, and Rev. Canon F. Perici; while Rev. Canon E. Galea served as Chaplain.27 Judge Harding died in 1985. In the subsequent years, the Grand Priory apparently suffered a decline, so that in 1990 the new Prior H.A. Consul Chev Antoine Zammit, Marquis of Tiana commented that “the Priory was in a very weak position, bereft of Members, let alone active Members and, to make things worse without a Council.” On taking over, the new Prior established a new Council and strove to recruit fresh blood.28

Chev. the Marquis Antoine Zammit 1985-1993 [acting Prior] 1997-2007 [Grand Prior] Emeritus 2007

26

Chev. the Marquis Antoine Zammit de Tiana [d. Sliema, Malta 21/06/2009] was one of the first admissions into the Maltese jurisdiction being invested as Commander in 1967. He quickly became involved in the general administration of the Order serving as Secretary to the Chancery in 1969. He was appointed Prior in 1991 and continued serving in that role until 1997 when he was appiinted Grand Prior. He was nominated Commander in the Venerable Order of St John, and Knight Commander and Knight in the Order of Merit of the Military and Hospitaller Order of Saint Lazarus of Jerusalem. In 2007, he was appointed Grand Prior Emeritus. He was appointed CStJ, KCLJ, KMLJ

M.J. Schiavone: William D. Harding. In: M.J. Schiavone, L.J. Scerri, (eds.): Maltese Biographies of the Twentieth Century. PIN, Malta, 1997, p.344 27 J.J. Algrant, J. Beaugourdon, 1983: op. cit., p.408-410, 430 28 A. Zammit, 1990, op. cit., p.20-21

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The Modern Order of Saint Lazarus In 1993, Chev. Dr. Jaime H. Cremona GCLJ was appointed Grand Prior [GM decree 07/93], with Chev A. Zammit being re-appointed Prior. 29 In his first council meeting held on the 5th August 1993, the new Grand Prior set up a commission to update and revise the Grand Priory’s statute to bring it in line with the new decrees promulgated by the Order. The Chev. Dr. Jamie H. Cremona 1993-1997

commission included the Grand Prior Chev. Dr. J.H. Cremona, Chev. Dr. Joseph R. Pace, and Dr. A.J. Perici

Calascione. The revision was completed by the September 1994 and approved by the members in the Annual General Meeting held in April 1995.30 The members of the Grand Priory in 1993-94 included a total of 59 members.31 Chev. J.H. Cremona resigned his post in 1997. He was replaced as Grand Prior by Chev. the Marquis Antoine Zammit de Tiana [GM Decree 18/1997]. He was assisted by Chev J.R. Pace as Prior who had been promoted to Knight Grand Cross of Grace. 32 In 14-16th September 2001, the Grand Priory of the Maltese Islands co-hosted together with the Commandery of the Castello a visit by the 48th Grandmaster-elect, H.R.H. the Duke of Seville who had taken over the leadership of the latter Jurisdiction. During the visit, the Grandmaster-elect visited St Catherine of Siena Home for the Elderly (previously a general private hospital where his father had unveiled a plaque during his visit in May 1973) and made a courtesy visit to the H.E. Guido de Marco President of the Republic of Malta. 33 In 2003, the Grand Master Don Francesco de Paula de Borbón y Escasany set out to re-organize the Order’s administration and introduce accountability. This led to the expulsion of the long-serving Grand Chancellor Chev. Reginald S. Attard occupying the post since 1986. Chev. Attard, supported by a number of members from various jurisdictions broke off from the Order, set up his own schismic group, and assumed the post of Vicar-General. The Maltese jurisdiction, out of loyalty, became embroiled in the turbulence generated by this administrative turmoil. This led to a division of the jurisdiction into two fractions under the direction of Chev. Antione Zammit on one side loyal to the Grand Master and Chev. Joseph R. Pace on the other side loyal to Chev. Attard. Both groups 29

Chev. Dr. Jamie Cremona had previously served as Vice-Chancellor, Secretary to Supreme Council and ViceCustodian. He was appointed Grand Prior of the Maltese Islands and Grand Hospitaller in 1993. St. Lazarus Newsletter, Malta, Jan 1994, 1:p8 30 Letter dated November 1993 from the Grand Prior addressed to the Chevaliers of the Order and subsequent correspondence. Archives: Grand Priory of the Maltese Islands - MHOSLJ 31 Grand Priory of Malta: List of Members 1993-1994. Archives: Grand Priory of the Maltese Islands – MHOSLJ, 1994 32 Saint Lazarus Newsletter, April 1999, 14:p.2 33 Saint Lazarus Newsletter. November 2001, p.3-4,5-6

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The Modern Order of Saint Lazarus immediately tried to regroup and to increase their membership.34 However, the shismic group was better organised. In November 2005, the splinter group of the Grand Priory of the Maltese Islands hosted the Grand Magisterial Meeting presided by the Grand Vicar H.E. Chev Count R.S.R. Attard. A commemorative medal was struck to commemorate the occasion.35 Commemorative Medal - 2005 The Badge: Obverse. A bronze medal 33 mm in diameter. In the centre is the arms of the Grand priory of the Maltese Islands and on the surrounding scroll “GRAND MAGISTERIAL COUNCIL MEETING” and below “MALTA 2005”. Reverse. In the centre is an eight-pointed cross and on the surrounding scroll is “ORDO MILIT ET HOSPIT SANCTI LAZARI HIEROSOLYMITANI”. The Ribbon: 33 mm wide ribbon of depicting the Maltese colours – white and red; edges with green.

H.E. Francois Michel le Tellier

H.E. Count R.S. Attard

Commemorative Stamps th 9 November 2006 Supreme Council Meeting

H.R.H. Don Francisco de Borbón y Escasany

H.E. Don Carlos Gereda de Borbón

Commemorative Stamps th 13 September 2008 th Installation of the 49 Grandmaster

Following the demise of the Vicar General Chev Attard, the same group in November 2006 hosted the Supreme Council Meeting and an International Investiture to discuss the future options for the group. For this occasion, the Grand Priory of the Maltese Islands commissioned from MaltaPost Ltd a limited edition commemorative stamp issue depicting two past personalities of the Order who had both served as Vicar Generals with grand magisterial privileges – H.E. Francois Michel le Tellier [served 1673-1691] and H.E. Count R.S.R.

34

Chev. Dr. Joseph Pace 2004-2007 [schismic group] 2007-2013 [re-united Grand Priory] Emeritus 2013

The schismic group under Chev. Pace held their first investiture on the 19 th November 2004. Order of St Lazarus investiture. Vide: The Sunday Times, 5th December 2004, p.103; The loyal group held their first investiture on the 22nd January 2005. Vide: Decorations and heraldic banners. Gallerija – The Malta Independent on Sunday, 20th February 2005, p.15 The schismic group also set up a presence on the internet with a dedicated homepage and published a regular newsletter - Ordo Sancti Lazari - Newsletter of the Grand Priory of the Maltese Islands and the Commandery of Gozo [editor: C. Savona-Ventura, 2006-2013; F. Brincat, 2013 et sec].outlining its activities. Other past newsletters published by the National Jurisdiction included: St. Lazarus News-letter Malta [editor: R. Flores Martin; J.M. de Conti Sant-Manduca, 1974-1978; J.R. Pace 1978; A. Zammit, 1991]; and The Lazarite [editor: A. Barbara, 1999; J. Pace, 2000-2001]. 35 Order of St Lazarus grand investiture. The Sunday Times [Malta], 27th November 2005, p.104

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The Modern Order of Saint Lazarus Attard [served 2004-2006]. Following this meeting, the Grand Priory of the Maltese Islands unilaterally decided to re-join the Order led by Grandmaster H.R.H. Don Francisco de Borbón y Escasany Duke of Seville. Reunification of the two fractions of the Grand Priory of the Maltese Islands was eventually achieved in 2007, with Chev Joseph R. Pace being appointed Grand Prior of the reunified jurisdiction while Chev. Antoine Zammit was appointed Grand Prior Emeritus. A delegation of the Grand Priory joined the rest of the Order in Manchester, U.K. on the 13 th September 2008 to participate in the installation of the 49 th Grandmaster H.E. Don Carlos Gereda de Borbón, Marquis of Almazan. Two commemorative stamps were commissioned from MaltaPost Ltd depicting the outgoing 48th Grandmaster and the new 49th Grandmaster. During this meeting the delegation led by the Grand Prior had the opportunity to meet with the newly installed Grandmaster and present him with the historical publication entitled “The Hospitaller Knights of Saint Lazarus” authored by Chev. Charles Savona-Ventura and published by the Grand Priory in 2006.

Book presentation to Grandmaster Grand Prior Chev J.R. Pace presenting a copy of the book about the history of the Order to the GM Don Carlos Gereda de Borbón.. Chev. Michael Chiavola is onlooking.

Book presentation C. Savona-Ventura. The Hospitaller Knights of Saint Lazarus. Grand Priory of the Maltese Islands – MHOSLJ, Malta, 2006, +244p. ISBN: paperback 978-99932-0-460-2; hardback 99899932-0-461-9

On the 9-10th September 2009, the Grand Priory of the Maltese Islands co-hosted, with the Grand Commandery of the Castello, the Grandmaster H.E. Don Carlos Gereda de Borbón during his visit to the Maltese Islands undertaken with the aim of assuming the leadership of the Grand Commandery. The official ceremony, attended by a representative delegation 36 of the Grand Priory led by the Grand Prior Chev. J.R. Pace, took place at Torri Lanzun on the 9th September. The Grand Priory council members had the opportunity to meet with the Grandmaster during a lunch organised on the 10th September. For the occasion, the Grand Priory presented the Grandmaster with a 36

Delegation included: Chev. Dr. J.R. Pace, Chev. M. Ciavola, Chev. Prof. C. Savona-Ventura, and Mr. C. Cilia.

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The Modern Order of Saint Lazarus reproduction of the 1673 Ode á la glorie des chevaliers de l'ordre de Saint-Lazare de Jérusalem by Jacques de Coras published by Sebastien Cramoisy of Paris. The reproduction also carried a historical note relating to the Ode and the author Jacques de Coras prepared by the historian of the Grand Priory Chev. Prof. Charles Savona-Ventura. In addition, the Grandmaster was presented with a set of stamps commemorating his installation as Grandmaster of the Order in September 2008.

Council delegation lunching with GM Don Carlos Gereda de Borbón th

10 September 2009 (left to right) Fr. T. Moore, Mr. G. Sammut, GP Chev. J.R. Pace, Mr. J. Grixti, GM Don Carlos Gereda de Borbón, Chev. A. Cutajar, Chev. M. Ciavola, Mr. C. Cilia, Chev. J. Spiteri Audibert

Book presentation Ode á la glorie des chevaliers de l'ordre de Saint-Lazare de Jérusalem. Grand Priory of the Maltese Islands – MHOSLJ, Malta, 2009.

Grand Prior presenting gifts to GM Don Carlos Gereda de Borbón th

10 September 2009 Chev. A. Cutajar onlooking

The Grand Priory members had the opportunity to meet with the Grandmaster during a gala dinner organised jointly with the Grand Commandery of the Castello on the 10th September. For the occasion, the two jurisdictions presented the Grandmaster with a model of a Maltese fishing boat in silver.

Gala Dinner th Villa Arrigo, 10 September 2009 GM Don Carlos Gereda de Borbón with Grand Prior Chev. J.R. Pace – Grand Priory members in opposite table.

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Gala Dinner th Villa Arrigo, 10 September 2009 GM Don Carlos Gereda de Borbón making dinner speech. Grand Prior Chev. J.R. Pace onlooking and Grand Priory members in opposite table.


The Modern Order of Saint Lazarus On the 16-19th April 2010, the Grand Priory was happy to host the Order’s Spiritual Protector Patriarch Gregory III Laham during his stay on the Islands that coincided with Pope Benedict XVI’s weekend visit to the Islands on the occasion of the 1950th anniversary of St. Paul’s shipwreck in Malta. The three-day programme covering the visit to the Islands of Malta was a very intensive one with a mix of a true pilgrimage to the traditional Pauline sites in Malta; visits to shrines dedicated to Our Lady; visits to the Co-Cathedral of St. John in Valletta; and the celebration of the Eucharist in the Melkite rite in Our Lady of Damascus Church in Valletta and concelebrating with His Holiness Pope Benedict XVI on the Floriana Granaries. In addition the Patriarch and his entourage—the Most Reverend Archbishop Joseph Absi and Archimandrite Mtanios Haddad—had courtesy visits with His Holiness the Pope and His Excellency Archbishop Cremona. A Gala Dinner was given in the Patriarch's honour by the Grand Priory of the Maltese Islands and the Commandery of Gozo. Two commemorative stamps were prepared depicting the Patriarch Gregory III Laham and His Holiness Pope Benedict XVI. For the occasion, the Grand Priory presented the Grandmaster with a reproduction of the 17th century handbill Virtu della Pietra di San Paolo published in Messina with a note relating to the Maltese folklore associated with St. Paul’s shipwreck prepared by the historian of the Grand Priory Chev. Prof. Charles Savona-Ventura. Another gift included a fossilized shark’s tooth or St. Paul’s tongue.37

Patriarch’s visit to Malta th Hotel Excelsior, 17 April 2010 Group photo of Grand Priory and Commandery of Gozo members with Patriarch Gregory III Lahan and his entourage.

37

Ordo Sancti Lazari. 2010, 5(2):p.2-5

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Patriarch’s visit to Malta th Mellieha Marian Sanctuary, 17 April 2010 [left to right] Chev. Prof. C. Savona-Ventura, Chev. Dr. R. Gatt, and Chev. Dr. J. Debono with Patriarch Gregory III Lahan.


The Modern Order of Saint Lazarus

Patriarch’s visit to Malta th St. Paul’s Grotto, 19 April 2010 Group photo of Grand Priory and Commandery of Gozo members with Patriarch Gregory III Lahan and his entourage.

Commemorative Stamps th 19 April 2010 th On the footsteps of St. Paul – 1950 anniversary Patriarch’s visit to Malta

In May 2013, His Excellency Grandmaster Don Carlos Gereda de Borbón Marquis of Almazán led a high ranking delegation comprising the Grand Executive Council on a visit to Malta to commemorate the 40th Anniversary since the Order acquired Castello Lanzun as its official headquarters. The anniversary activities, jointly organised by the local jurisdictions, included a reception at the Castello Lanzun hosted by the Grand Commandery of the Castello, where the Grand Master unveiled a commemorative Plaque, and an International Investiture in St. Paul’s Anglican Pro-Cathedral at Valletta. New postulants representing the Grand Priory of the Maltese Islands and its sub-jurisdiction the Commandery of Gozo, the Grand Commandery of the Castello, the Delegation of Norway and the Priory of Belgium, were admitted to the Order. Several other members were promoted or awarded meritorious distinctions for services rendered to the Order’s charitable work. Interantional Representatives from various jurisdictions attended the formal Investituure in St. Paul’s Anglican Pro-Cathedral at Valletta. The Investiture was directed by Chev. Clive Bennington, deputy Grand Marshall of the Order. A religious Service, led by the Chancellor of the Cathedral the Rt. Rev. Simon Godfrey assisted by the Chaplains of the local jurisdictions, preceded the Investiture, and Hymns were sung by a 12-strong Choir led by Dame Marie Therese Vassallo. The homily was delivered by Rev. Fr Peter Chappell, Gozo Commandery Chaplain. The evening before the formal investiture – which was held on Sunday 12th May, - the Postulants attended a Vigil Service in the baroque Madonna tal-Pilar Church at Valletta, led by Senior Chaplain Rev. Colin Westmarland and the Chaplains of the local jurisdictions. The Investiture was followed by a very well attended and convivial Gala Dinner at the Grand Hotel Excelsior, sited just outside the fortifications of Valletta overlooking the historic Grand Harbour. Don Carlos was presented with a fine table centre of Gozo Lace containing the Maltese Cross and several motifs. During the following days, the General Executive Council held its meeting. 23 | P a g e


The Modern Order of Saint Lazarus

H.E. the Grand Master making his address th regarding the 40 anniversary celebration of the acquisition of Castello Lanzun [Chev. J. Maidens and Chev. J.R. Pace flanking]

Grand Master unveiling the commemorative plaque in Castello Lanzun

Vigil Service Our Lady of Pillar Church, Valletta

The Investiture Service St. Paul’s Anglican Cathedral, Valletta

Grand Master investing a knight of the Grand Priory [Chev. Dr. J. Debono]

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Grand Master addressing the Gala Dinner Grand Hotel Excelsior, Floriana


The Modern Order of Saint Lazarus In July 2013, Chev. J.R.Pace retired as Grand Prior having served at the helm for ten years, and was appointed Grand Prior Emeritus. Chev. Prof. Charles Savona-Ventura was appointed in his stead, assisted by Chev. Michael Ciavola serving as Prior and Chancellor. 38 Chev Savona-Ventura had since 2005 served as Hospitaller and Historian and editor for the Grand Priory. He was in 2013 appointed Chev. Pr. Charles SavonaVentura 2013 et sec

Grand Archivist and Historian for the Order.

The Arms of the Grand Priory, then known as the Independent Commandery of Malta, were originally designed in 1967. The originally proposed designs made by Chev. J.V. Abela on the 18th March 1967 included: [1] argent a Cross vert; in the dexter chief quarter a Maltese cross argent on a caton gules; and [2] argent a Cross vert; in the all chief quarters a Maltese cross argent fimbriated gules. It appears however that the design adopted, as proposed by Chev. Lt.Col. Robert Gayre of Gayre and Nigg were argent a Cross vert; in the dexter chief quarter a Maltese cross gules. While the Council of the Independent Commandery of Malta was given the option of registering these arms with the Court of the Lord Lyon at H.M. New Register House in Edinburgh, this registration was never applied for.

39

The arms, now belonging to the Prior of Malta, were depicted and described in the

journal International Lazarite in 1975.40 The Arms of the Grand Priory of the Maltese Islands today are represented as: argent a Cross vert; in the dexter chief quarter a Maltese cross gules, surmounting a Cross of eight Beatitudes vert, encircled by The Grand Collar, the whole on a mantle sable, with tarsils and ornaments or, on the sinister side bearing the Cross of eight Beatitudes vert, over all the Eastern Crown vert of the Order lined sable on which is borne a Cross and Orb or; beneath the arms is the motto „Atavis et Armis“. The Grand Priory of the Maltese Islands was legally registered as “The Military and Hospitaller Order of St. Lazarus of Jerusalem – Obedience of Malta – Grand Priory of the Maltese Islands” in the name of the then Grand Prior in the “Industrial Property Registrations Directorate” in February 2006

38

th

GM Decree 21/13 dated 8 June 2013 th Archives of the Grand Priory of the Maltese Islands: 1966-1971. Minute notes dated 9 November 1967; th email from Sophie Reilly of the Court of the Lord Lyon dated 13 December 2013. 40 International Lazarite, April-June 1975, 1:2, p.66, 70 39

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The Modern Order of Saint Lazarus – Trade Mark No: 42988 registering the arms of the Order in accordance to article 37(4) of The Trademarks Act 2000.41 During its years of existence, the Maltese Jurisdiction has striven to assist those suffering from leprosy [Hansen’s disease] both in Malta and overseas. In Malta, support was given to the resident inmate lepers of the local leprosarium at Hal Ferha Estate at Gharghur until its closure in 2004. Besides regular visits to these individuals, the jurisdiction helped organise an annual Christmas Party when gifts and monetary donations were made to the inmates.

42

Hansen’s disease is now

considered extinct on the islands, though cured old cases still live in the community. In 2012, two old lepers living in the community were brought to the attention of the Grand Priory. These have been “adopted” by the Grand Priory which became cognisant of their needs to deal with the medical problems they face, solve their administrative hurdles, and also supplement their non-contributory leprosy pension by a monetary grant. In addition, the Maltese jurisdiction has regularly supported various philanthropic organisations working with sufferers of Hansen Disease. Together with the Commandery of the Castello, the Maltese jurisdiction set up a Leprosy Fund in 1994. This was used to support the lepers at the Abu Zabaal Leprosy Mission run by Caritas in Egypt and the St. Lazarus Leprosy Mission in Pumwani, Kenja.

Fr. Cassar at the St. Lazarus Leprosy Mission

Christmas Party at Hal Ferha Leprosaum

set up by the Grand Priory of the Maltese Islands in Kenya, 1996

in December 1995

In recent years, the Maltese jurisdiction has also supported the Missionary Movement “Gesu filProxmu” to build a school for children affected by leprosy in Ethiopia. It has also supported the philanthropic work of Dr Donald Sammut, a Malta-born hand-plastic surgeon, with his annual philanthropic work with lepers in India and Nepal under the auspices of the group “Working

41

Registration of Trademarks: Industrial Property Registration Directorate. Malta Government Gazette, 8 February 2006, 17877:p.1150-1154 42 Archives of the Grand Priory of the Maltese Islands: 1966-1971. Minute notes dated 27th February 1971

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th


The Modern Order of Saint Lazarus Hands”.43 Working Hands is a UK Registered Charity that raises funds for a surgical programme, currently based at a leprosy hospital in Nepal, supporting a team of Hand Surgeons who travel there to operate and to teach the local surgeons. Working Hands is independent, not linked to any major organization, and all donated funds find their way directly to the front line of treatment, purchasing equipment and consumables for each trip.44 On the international front, the jurisdiction continued with the fund-raising efforts of U.K.-based agency Lepra and in the documentation efforts of the Oxford-based International Leprosy Association's Global Project on the History of Leprosy funded by the Nippon Foundation. 45

Presentation of Cheque to Fr. G. Grima founder of the Moviment Missjunarju “Gesu fil-Proxxmu” in support of th his work with lepers in Ethiopia - 16 December 2007

Presentation of Cheque to Order of Charity th Catholic Institute - 12 September 2008 during talk delivered by UK-based Consultant Hand surgeon Mr Donald Sammut describing his work among lepers in India and Nepal. (right to left) Mr. Donald Sammut, Chev Michael Chiavola, Chev. Tony Cutajar

Early in its history, the Maltese jurisdiction established links with the foundation known as the Order of Charity. The Order of Charity has been established set up originally by a signed agreement with the International Raoul Follereau Foundation (est. 1946) dated 1970 and formally registered by a Notarial degree dated 18th May 1983 (not. Maurice Gambin). In November 1970, contacts were established to investigate the possibility of collaboration between the Priory of Malta and the Order of Charity in Malta. It was proposed that the officials of the Order of Charity would be admitted to the Priory, while the patrons would be given a Companionate of Merit. 46 Nothing significant came out the these initial contacts though the 43

Ordo Sancti Lazari. 2008, 3(3):p.2 http://www.donaldsammut.com/working-hands/ 45 C. Savona-Ventura: Leprosy Archives - The Maltese Islands. Grand Priory of the Maltese Islands - MHOSLJ, Malta, 2006, +16p. [updated 2007] This e-publication details the history of leprosy in the Maltese Islands and includes an annotated bibliography, a biographical profile of a prominent leprologist, a short history of the various leprosaria, a history of the Order of St. Lazarus in Malta, statistical tables about leprosy in Malta, and finally the legal code that pertains to leprosy. Available at http://www.stlazarusmalta.org/publications.html 46 Archives of the Grand Priory of the Maltese Islands: 1966-1971. Minute notes dated 26th November 1970 and 27th February 1971 44

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The Modern Order of Saint Lazarus jurisdiction, throughout the years, has donated funds to the Order of Charity, the Malta branch of the Raoul Follereau Foundation, particularly to assist lepers in Ethiopia and Madras. 47 In 2009, the Maltese jurisdiction was asked to take over the management of the Order of Charity, thus assuming a more national role in fund-raising for the benefit of lepers worldwide. The appointed principal administrator of the Order of Charity was Chev. Tony Cutajar assisted by Chev. Dr Joseph Galea as treasurer. The serving Grand Prior is the president ex-officio of the affiliate. Grand Prior Emeritus Chev. Jaime H. Cremona serves as the Honorary Chairman. The statute of the Order of Charity as an affiliate of the Grand Priory of the Maltese Islands was significantly reviewed and re-registered by Notarial degree dated 11th December 2013 (not. Joseph Abela). This led to the Raoul Follereau Foundation (Malta) – Order of Charity being formally registered as a legal entity and a NonGovernmental Organization [NGO Number: VO/0980].48 After 2004, the schismic group of the Grand Priory of the Maltese Islands acquired links with the St. Lazarus Corps – Special Rescue Group which functions as a voluntary relief movement whose purpose is to protect human life and health and to ensure respect for the human being thus developing the Body, the Mind and the Spirit. The Grand Priory supported the SRG-SLC by purchasing a new ambulance for use during the public activities of the group. In addition it financially supported the group to upgrade its training programme and its first aid support equipment.49 The agreement of association with the SRG-SLC was terminated in August 2011 after the management of the SRG-SLC opted to join the schismic group known as the United Grand Priories of the Hospitaller Order of St. Lazarus of Jerusalem led by Maximilian Ellul. The actions of the SRG-SLC led to the issuing of a GM decree No. 64/11 whereby any members who associate themselves with bodies or associations that use the name, green cross, badge or other emblem representing the Order will no longer be treated as members in good standing and be placed in the inactive list.50 The Maltese jurisdiction has also supported several other philanthropic initiatives both locally and overseas. Besides philanthropic work with the needy, the Grand Priory has also supported cultural and social philanthropy. To better organise its fund-raising activities and obtain official recognition as a Non-Governmental Organization, the Grand Priory in 2013 set out to establish and formally register a new affiliate named Ordo Sancti Lazari Melitensis Fundatio –Maltese of the 47

Saint Lazarus Newsletter, May 1997, 10:p.14; Leprosy fund donates money to Caritas Egypt. Gallarija - The Malta Independent, 14th January 1996, p.20 48 th Notarial Degree notary Joseph Abela dated 11 December 2013. Archives of the Grand Priory of the Maltese Islands, 2013 49 Ordo Sancti Lazari. 2008, 3(3):p.2 50 Grand Magistral decree No.64/11 dated 30th June 2011

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The Modern Order of Saint Lazarus Order of Saint Lazarus [NGO Number: VO/0835]. The Ordo Sancti Lazari Melitensis Fundatio in a voluntary charitable organization managed under the supervision and guidance of the Grand Priory of the Maltese Islands. The serving Grand Prior acts as the President ex-officio, while the Grand Prior Emeritus serves as Honorary President. The Executive chairman is the serving almoner of the Grand Priory. The main missions of the Foundation are:  to raise funds for distribution and donation to Maltese or overseas charities, philanthropic bodies and also any approved deserving individuals;  to participate in activities and projects to generate assets for charitable and philanthropic purposes;  to practice and support the principles and values of Christian charity protecting and assisting the weak, helping the poor, the aged, the very young, the handicapped and the sick in society. To better serve the needs of its Gozitan members, the Grand Priory took the initiative to establish a sub-jurisdiction in the sister Island of Gozo. A Foundation Meeting for the setting up of the Gozo Delegation of the Priory of Malta with Dr. Joseph R. Pace serving as the delegate was held on the 4th July 1970, the first meeting being addressed by Lt. Col. Gayre of Gayre and Nigg and Chev. J. Amato Gauci.51 The first investiture ceremony to inaugurate the new Delegation was held on the 31 st October 1971. This coincided with the award of the Grand Cross of Merit to the Bishop of Gozo Giuseppe Pace [b.1890; d.1972; con.1944].52 The first members of the Delegation were 53:     

Dr. Joseph R. Pace LLD, CLJ - Delegate Dr. William Grima BSc. MD, CLJ - Hospitaller Mr. Austin Camilleri CLJ – Treasurer/Secretary Mr Joseph P. Dimech BArch, A&CE, CLJ Canon Fr. Emmanuel Galea CLJ - Chaplain

Dr. Joseph R. Pace 1971-1975

51

St. Lazarus News-letter, Malta. 1978, 2(1):p.2; Report of the Grand Magisterial Council held in Liege 3rd to 4th June 1972. MHOSLJ, Malta, 1972, p.8; J.R. Pace: personal correspondence in e-mail dated 12th January 2006 52 st Letter from Bishop Joseph Pace to Grand Referandery dated 31 October 1971. MHOSLJ Archives, Torri Lanzun, San Gwann, Malta, Corr. 3:281 53 Letter from Chev J. Amato Gauci to Grand Referandery dated 21st September 1971. MHOSLJ Archives, Torri Lanzun, San Gwann, Malta, Corr. 3:281

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The Modern Order of Saint Lazarus In 1971, the Delegation of Gozo headed by Dr. Joseph R. Pace donated a statue of Saint Lazarus for the chapel at Castello Lanzun, then being set up as the Administrative Headquarters—the Grand Chancery of the Order. 54 After Dr. Pace moved residence to Malta in 1973, he resigned the leadership and transferred to the Malta jurisdiction.55 Rev. Canon Emmanuel Galea was subsequently appointed delegate for Gozo.56 By 1975, the Gozo delegation had apparently disbanded and had failed to send in the 1973 Report of Activities or the oblations.57 It was amalgamated within the mother

Rev. Canon Emmanoel Galea CLJ 1974-1975

Priory of Malta.

Investitutre of His Lordship Mons. Joseph Pace

Group photograph – 1971 Investiture

with the Ecclesiastical Grand Cross of Merit at his Palace by Chev. Lt. Col. Robert Gayre asssisted by Chev. Joseph Amato Gauci and Rev. Edward Bondi

(left to right) Dr. J.R. Pace CLJ; Chev. Col. J.V. Abela; Chev Robert Biasini dei Conti Stagno Navarra [Prior]; Austin Camilleri CLJ [Member Gozo Delegation]; Rev. Emmanuel Galea [Delegation Chaplain]; Antoine Zammit CLJ; Chev. Lt.Col. Robert Gayre [Grand Referendary]; His Lordship Mons Joseph Pace GCMLJ; Rev. Edward Bondi` [Bishop Chaplain]; Chev. Joseph Amato Gauci [Grand Chancellor]; Dr. William Grima MD, CLJ [Member Gozo Delegation]; Joseph P. Dimech B Eng, A&CE, CLJ [Member Gozo Delegation]

Another attempt to re-establish a sub-jurisdiction in the sister island was made in 2005 by the schismic group supporting the Vicar General Chev. R. Attard. The Commandery, initially named the Commandery of Gharb, but later named the Commandery of Gozo was established by Grand

54

St. Lazarus News-Letter, Malta, April 1973, 1(6):p.4; The Lazarite, Nov 2000, p.1; The Lazarite, Jan-Mar 2001, p.2 55 Letter from Dr. J.R. Pace to Grand Chancellor Chev. J. Amato Gauci dated 16th December 1973. MHOSLJ Archives, Torri Lanzun, San Gwann, Malta, Corr. 3:281 56 th Letter from Grand Chancellor Chev. J. Amato Gauci to Rev Canon Galea dated 7 January 1974. MHOSLJ Archives, Torri Lanzun, San Gwann, Malta, Corr. 3:281 57 Letters from the Grand Chancellor to Rev. Canon Gales dated 5th June 1974 and to A. Camilleri dated 25th March 1975. MHOSLJ Archives, Torri Lanzun, San Gwann, Malta, Corr. 3:281

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The Modern Order of Saint Lazarus Magistral decree No. 02/05 dated 9th March 2005. The first appointed commander for this subjurisdiction was Chev. Paul Peter Banavage. 58

Chev. Paul P. Banavage 2005-2013

Chev. Banavage receiving the decree setting up the Commandery of Gozo from th Grand Chancellor Chev. Freidrich Schuberth dated 9 April 2005 [Chev. J.R. Pace and Mrs. Pace onlooking]

The adopted arms for the Commandery of Gozo were argent a Cross vert; in the dexter chief quarter a cross of eight points gules; in the right chief quarter the three hills depicting Gozo, surmounting a Cross of eight Beatitudes, encircled by The Grand Collar, the whole on a mantle sable, with tarsals and ornaments or, on the sinister side bearing the Cross of eight Beatitudes vert, over all the Eastern Crown vert of the Order lined sable on which is borne a Cross and Orb or; beneath the arms is the motto „Atavis et Armis“. The sub-jurisdiction was formally recognised by the Grand Master Don Carlos Gereda de Borbón, Marquis de Almazán, on the 2 nd July 2011 by Grand Magistral Decrees No. 52/11 and No. 53/11 which officially recognised the Commandery of Gozo, and confirmed Chev. Paul Banavage as its first Commander.59 Chev. Banavage resigned his post in May 2013 to be appointed Commander Emeritus; Commander Chev. Carmel Saliba 2013 et sec 58

Establishment of the Commandery of Gozo within the Grand Priory of the Maltese Islands and appointment th of Chevalier Paul Peter Banavage to its first Commander. Grand Magistral Decree no. 02/05 dated 9 March 2005. 59 GM decrees No.52/11 & No.53/11 dated 2nd July 2011

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The Modern Order of Saint Lazarus Dr. Renald Blundell was appointed in his stead to be soon replaced by Chev. Carmel Saliba. 60 In 2004, the Commandery of Gozo affiliated the Step-by-Step Foundation which is a non-profit organisation, with the goal of assisting brain injured children to reach their full potential. The Commandery of Gozo supported the activities of the Step-by-Step Foundation, assisting the Foundation to obtain and refurbish premises with clinic facilities at Hamrun in Malta [named Centru Kavallier Vincent J. Bugeja opened officially by Hon. Minister Dolores Cristina on the 16 th December 2005] and at Gharb in Gozo [named Centru Nikolai Nappa opened officially by Hon. Minister Giovanna Debono on the 10th September 2005].61 The change in administration engendered in 2013 followed by the transfer of Chev Banavage to the Grand Commandery of the Castello and the resignation of Confrere Kenneth Cremona Caruana from the Order brought about problems between the administrators of the Step-by-Step Foundation who were no longer members of the Maltese jurisdiction and the Grand Priory’s administration which was demanding a greater degree of accountability. For this reason it was deemed better to end the affiliation.62

Presentation of financial support th 10 September 2005 from the Chev. Banavage – Commandery of Gozo to Ms. Marisa Xwereb Step-by-Step

60

Opening of the Step-by-Step Clinic – Centru Nikolai Nappa th at Gharb, Gozo – 10 September 2005 Opening address by Chev. Paul Banavage Commandery of Gozo with Hon. Minister of Gozo Ms Giovanna Debono and Major of Gharb onlooking

During the months of July-August 2013, the post of Commander of Gozo was filled by Dr. Renald Blundell who, together with his appointed Council, defected to the schismic group of the United Grand Priories of the Hospitaller Order of Saint Lazarus. The individuals were subsequently expelled by Grand Magistral Decrees Nos. 31/13 – 36/13. 61 th Brain injured children's centre launched in Gozo. Galleria - The Malta Independant on Sunday, 25 September 2005, p.4 62 Kenneth Cremona Caruana eventually resigned from the Grand Priory and joined the United Grand Priories of the Hospitaller Order of St. Lazarus.

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The Modern Order of Saint Lazarus

The Delegation of Norway Chev. Tom Harald Martinsen Delegate for Norway

The Military and Hospitaller Order of Saint Lazarus of Jerusalem established a presence in Norway in 1994 as a jurisdiction within the Paris Obedience when Grand Master H.E. François de Cossé Marquis de Brissac established the Bailiwick of the Kingdom of Norway led by Chev. Kaare Eikeland.1 After the death of Chev. Eikeland in 2002, Chev Jan Erik Winther Wilhelmsen assumed the leadership of the jurisdiction. In 2002, the Duke of Brissac announced that it was his intention to retire from the headship of the Paris Obedience on reaching his 75th birthday in 2004 and proposed that the Duke of Seville should be appointed Grand Master. The Norwegian jurisdiction felt generally dissatisfied with this decision and opted to break off its allegiance to the Duke of Brissac and join the Orléans Obedience led by Prince Charles Philippe d’Orléans as Grand Master. This was organized into one commandery in Oslo and another in Bergen. 2 Other members of the jurisdiction opted to become inactive; while others transferred their individual allegiance to other jurisdictions within the Malta Obedience led by the Duke of Seville.3 In 2008, the Paris and Malta Obediences were formally reunited under the Grand Mastership of H.E. Carlos Gereda y de Borbón, Marquis de Almazan. On the 25th October 2010, the Grand Magistral decree 04/10 established the Delegation of Norway within this united group.4 The past members Tom Harald Martisen and Steinar Gaerup, who in 2004 had transferred their allegiance to the British Commandery of Londinium, joined the newly established delegation. Attempts at negotiating reconciliation with the Norwegian jurisdiction under the Orléans Obedience were made during 2011 but these negotiations failed.5 1

The Malta Obedience also had its own jurisdiction in Norway in 1994. The Delegation of Saint Olav had ceased to exist by 1997. Saint Lazarus Newsletter, No. 1, January 1994; Saint Lazarus Newsletter, No. 11, December 1997 2 The Orléans Obedience now has no jurisdictions in Norway. See: http://www.orderofsaintlazarus.com. The schismic group from the Paris Obedience led by Philippe Piccapietra known as the Saint Lazare International also retains a jurisdiction in Norway. See: http://www.oslj.org/ 3 The Malta Obedience in 2004 also underwent a schism within its ranks when the Grand Chancellor broke off relations with the Duke of Seville and established his own branch of the Order with himself as Vicar General. On the 19th March 2005, this schismic group established a Delegation of Norway by GM decree 03/05 with Rev. Svein Lorang Rasch EGCStJ SChLJ serving as delegate. www.oslj-international.org/Obedience%20of%20Malta/ jurisdictions/Jurisdictions_all/Norway/Norway.htm - Website last updated 25/03/2005; accessed 28/06/2014. 4 GM decree 04/10 dated 25th October 2010. 5 Chev. Tom Martinsen entered negotiations with Chev. Wilhelmsen in 2011. The initial contacts seemed positive but the negotiations failed after the Chev. Wilhemsen was deposed from the post of Grand Prior. The Orléans Obedience now has no jurisdictions in Norway. See: http://www.orderofsaintlazarus.com. The schismic group from the Paris Obedience led by Philippe Piccapietra known as the Saint Lazare International also retains a jurisdiction in Norway. See: http://www.oslj.org/

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The Modern Order of Saint Lazarus

GM Decree 04/10 setting up the Delegation of Norway

In May 2013, The Delegation of Norway, which has assumed the patronship of St. Olaf, was recognised by the Norwegian authorities on the 1 st May 2013. The first new recruits to the jurisdiction were admitted on the 10th May 2013 during an investiture held by the Grand Master in

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The Modern Order of Saint Lazarus Malta. During that same investiture, Tom Martinsen was invested as Delegate. 6 In addition, the jurisdiction was joined by six members from the Orléans Obedience, five of whom came from the St. Sunniva Priory of Bergen which had been disbanded. The Delegation of Norway presently has 17 members.

Chev. Tom Martinsen being appointed Delegate for Norway by the Grand Master H.E. Carlos Gereda de Borbón

The headquarters of the Delegation of Norway is presently sited in the Gamlebyen Church and the adjoining granite building owned by Oslo University. Gamlebyen Church has a long history and is sited over the ruins of a late 13th century Franciscan Monastery. After the Protestant Reformation in 1536, the Franciscan Abbey Church was converted into a hospital. It was destroyed in 1567, during the Swedish attack. It was rebuilt with the building being divided into several floors. It served thereafter as a hospital building with a church on the first floor. The house now known as the "stone building" was added later.

Gamlebyen Church, Oslo 6

Service of Investiture – Presiding Officer The Grand Master His Excellency Don Carlos Gereda de Borbón, Marqus of Almazán. St Paul’s Anglican Pro Cathedral, Malta G.C. 12 th May 2013. MHOSLJ, Malta, 2013

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The Modern Order of Saint Lazarus This edifice is regarded as the oldest hospital building in Oslo. During the 1700s there were also several buildings, including the "Dollhuset" for psychiatric patients. In 1734, a new church was built on the foundations of the nave. After the last fire in January 1794, the church was rebuilt in Louis XVI style two years later, again in brick. The old medieval choir was demolished and replaced with a tower that stands there today. The newly built church was opened in May 1796. In the 1800s the church was rebuilt several times. In the period 1934-1939, it was renovated by architect William K. Essendrop, re-establishing its earlier appearance. The flat murtaket was replaced with an arched vault, and a new sacristy was built. The church was reopened on Christmas Eve 1939, in the presence of King Haakon VII.7

7

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gamlebyen_Church

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The Modern Order of Saint Lazarus

La Grand Priore en España Chev. José María de Montells 1

Modernamente, la orden se establece en España a la sombra de sus Grandes Maestres. Siendo nuestro país su lugar de nacimiento y residencia (excepto el corto período del Gran Magisterio del Duque de Nemours) es natural que nuestra Patria tenga un cierto protagonismo en el conjunto de las jurisdicciones de la Sacra Religión de San Lázaro. El establecimiento del Gran Priorato de España puede datarse al poco de ser elegido el entonces teniente coronel Borbón, Gran Baylío de la Orden, con el nombramiento de un Gran Prior en la persona de su primo, don Alfonso de Borbón y León, marqués de Squilache, fusilado junto a su hermano, el marqués de Balboa, en el turbión revolucionario de 1936. 2

1

Texto originalmente publicado en un capítulo de la obra de José María de Montells titulado "Historia Appasionada de la religión de San Lázaro" [Academia Internacioal de Nuestra Señora del Monte Carmelo: Torri ta 'Lanzun, Malta, 2003] 2 Lo cierto es que quedan pocos testimonios de la presencia lazarista, salvo los arruinados lazaretos medievales, dado que, tanto los Reyes Católicos como sus sucesores, desconfiaron de una orden de obediencia francesa en sus estados, y anexionaron sus bienes y hospitales a las ordenes de Santiago y Calatrava, lo que no obsta para que Carlos V lograse el restablecimiento canónico de San Lázaro en Capua, agregándole el Hospital de San Juan de Palermo y el de Santa Ágata de Mesina y Felipe II, diera su protección a la Religión de la cruz verde, en sus dominios de Italia y se mostrase dispuesto a erigir una orden de San Lázaro española, bajo la administración de los monarcas hispanos, previa una bula papal dada al efecto, que no llegó a aparecer. No obstante, la presencia de la orden está acreditada en Segovia, Arévalo, Valladolid, Cuéllar, Palencia, Zaragoza y Huesca. Según Ildefonso Turull de Ventosa, existe documentación en el Archivo General de Simancas, sobre la orden en España, referida a los año 1566 y 1567, donde se consigna su carácter de orden militar. Este mismo autor, afirma que hay evidencias de que las leproserías de Tortosa, Sallent y Tárrega pertenecieron a los hospitalarios lazaristas. El mismo origen se atribuye al lazareto de San Lázaro de Teas, en la provincia de Santander. Pese a todo ello, hubo siempre caballeros lazaristas en los reinos de España, dependientes de la Encomienda Magistral de Boigny, hasta que en 1709, se crea, según Lozano de Luaces, la primera encomienda española documentada, la llamada Encomienda de Santa Eulalia de Barcelona, erigida por el caballero Juan de Gräels, antiguo oficial de las Guardias Walonas afincado en Cataluña, mientras que en Castilla se fundase en 1712, la Encomienda de San Antonio del Desierto, a cargo de los hermanos don Antonio y don Francisco de Fuentes y del Castillo, que fueron recibidos en la Orden como comendadores hereditarios. Consta en los archivos de la Orden que a la llegada de Felipe de Anjou a España como rey y señor natural, Luis XIV, su abuelo, le hizo merced de algunas encomiendas de San Lázaro para sus súbditos españoles, a cambio de varios Toisones, para los caballeros franceses que le acompañaron a nuestro país.

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The Modern Order of Saint Lazarus Son precisamente aquellos acontecimientos, los que paralizan la acción de la orden en España. De 1936 a 1939, los lazaristas, inmersos en la contienda, protagonizan diversas acciones heroicas, mientras su Gran Maestre se cubre de gloria militar en la toma de Málaga a las fuerzas republicanas. Como en tiempos de las Cruzadas, la guerra produce una gran mortandad en las filas de la milicia y el hospital de San Lázaro. Víctimas de aquella violencia fratricida cayeron entre otros muchos, el caballero José de la Lombana y Carnicero, asesinado en el barco prisión Uruguay, surto en el puerto de Barcelona; el marqués de Casa Real, en Valencia o el duque de Hornachuelos, en Madrid. Al término del cruel paréntesis que supuso la Cruzada, la orden retoma nuevamente el pulso, nombrando un nuevo Gran Prior, el Conde de Jordana, compañero de armas del Gran Maestre, que había sido ministro en el Gobierno de Primo de Rivera y lo volvía a ser con el presidido por el Generalísimo. El día nueve de mayo de 1940, se publicaba en el Boletín Oficial del Estado, la Orden del Ministro de la Gobernación, don Ramón Serrano-Súñer, miembro también de la Religión, por la que se reconocía a San Lázaro su carácter de “Institución Oficial”, declarándola de “Utilidad Pública” para todo el territorio Fotografía oficial firmado por el general español. Esta circunstancia, Franco dedica "A los Caballeros de la unida al carisma del Teniente Orden Militar de San Lázaro General Borbón, motivó la Hospitalaria Jerusalén" del 17 Junio de 1974. entrada masiva de ilustres personalidades del generalato, entre los que destacan entre otros El general Millán Astray muchos, Asensio, Bautista Sánchez, Millán-Astray, Barrón o Moscardó, el con el hábito lazarista héroe del Alcázar o el propio Franco. Sucedió a Gómez-Jordana, el marqués de Falces, que siguió en la misma línea iniciada por su predecesor, incorporando a la orden, ejecutorias brillantísimas en el servicio a la sociedad española, mientras se iniciaba en círculos próximos a la curia más vaticanista, una triste oposición a la acción benéfico-social de la Religión, que tuvo su expresión escrita en el entorno a la revista Hidalguía, no obstante ingresaran en la orden, grandes personalidades eclesiásticas. Para esas fechas, la orden había recibido del Estado, todos los reconocimientos posibles. En 1946, creado el departamento de lepra, dermatosis y enfermedades venéreas, se autorizó por los Gobiernos Civiles de cada provincia, una cuestación en todo el territorio nacional (el denominado día de San Lázaro, el 17 de Diciembre) que serviría para financiar la atención sanitaria de la orden. Según Lozano de Luaces, gracias a los decretos de 1940 y de 1946, se llevó a cabo un ingente trabajo de erradicación de la lepra en España, lograda plenamente en nuestros días, pues su presencia es ya meramente residual. 38 | P a g e

El General Rada Peral con la cruz lazarista sobre su guerrera


The Modern Order of Saint Lazarus Como bien sabemos, el Gobierno realizó un gran desarrollo de la red sanitaria con la apertura de nuevos hospitales generalistas, dos leprocomios principales y numerosos ambulatorios. 3 A Falces, le sucede como Gran Prior, el marqués de Cárdenas de Montehermoso, Gran Refrendario de la orden, lazarista irreductible, que había acompañado al Gran Maestre desde los tiempos iniciales. Autor de estimables trabajos eruditos, como su libro sobre la Insigne Orden del Toisón de Oro, que sirvió al Infante don Jaime para sustentar su pretensión a la soberanía de la orden, como duque titular de Borgoña o su trabajo sobre el Hospital de San Lázaro y España, publicado en 1935, de gran interés histórico, su autoridad se vio seriamente mermada por los continuos ataques a los que se sometió a la orden, para propagar su descrédito, en beneficio de otras, más próximas a la Santa Sede. El protagonismo asumido por Cárdenas en la defensa de la legitimidad de la Religión de San Lázaro aconsejó su sustitución en aras de un apaciguamiento de todas las partes. Tres generaciones: don Francisco de Borbón y Castellví, en el centro, su El Gran Priorato entonces recayó en un lazarista de la primera hijo, el general Borbón y su nieto, el hora, de toda la confianza de don Francisco, ya que el antiguo teniente Borbón Portaestandarte del Gran Priorato, el duque de Montemar, había sido acérrimo partidario, aún en los peores momentos. En tiempos de turbación, no hacer mudanza que dijo San Ignacio; Montemar presidió, nominalmente al menos, los avatares de la orden, en una oscura etapa de transición entre una nueva generación de caballeros y los veteranos lazaristas leales a la Casa de Borbón- Sevilla.

D. Francisco de Borbón, el Gran Maestre y el marqués de Cárdenas de Montehermoso

Nada pudo hacer el Gran Maestre, don Francisco de Borbón, sumido en los deberes de su profesión militar, frente a la conspiración de una parte del Gran Priorato galo, descontento con la escasa contribución de la jurisdicción española a sus iniciativas, por lo que finalmente resignó sus poderes, sucediéndole el duque de Nemours, quién le proclamó Gran Prior autónomo de España y Gran Maestre Emérito.

Tampoco Nemours pudo poner fin a la contestación interna del Gran Priorato de Francia y la orden se dividió dramáticamente en las dos obediencias que hoy conocemos, aunque la ruptura oficial aconteció más tarde. Don Francisco fue elegido, de nuevo Gran Maestre, en 1973, a la muerte 3

Orden Hospitalaria de San Lazaro de Jerusalen. Order dated 9th May 1940 from the Ministry of the Interior, Spain; and Articulo 22/25. Decreto de 8 de marzo de 1946 por el que se aprueba el Reglamento par la lucha contra la Lepra, Dermatosis y Enfermedades sexuales. Decree from the Ministry of the Interior signed by Francisco Franco dated 8th March 1946. This recognition was again reiterated in 1980. Vide: Orden Militar y Hospitalaria de San Lázaro de Jerusalem, de Villaviciosa de Odón (Madrid). Note from the Ministry of the th Interior dated 4 August 1980. Vide: Jaime Nuno de Montells y Pajares. Ordo Sancti Lazari Repertorio Bibliografico/Bibliography 1930-2005. Grand Priory of Spain, MHOSLJ – Madrid, 2005, p.57-59. Official photograph signed by General Franco dedicated “A los Caballeros de la Orden Militar Hospitalaria de San Lázaro de Jerusalén” dated 17th June 1974.

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The Modern Order of Saint Lazarus de don Carlos Felipe de Orleáns, muy vinculado al Gran Priorato español desde siempre ya que, no en balde, había ingresado en la Religión, en 1950, en la investidura de caballeros de la Iglesia de la Comendadoras de Madrid. De 1973 a 1980, gobierna la orden como Gran Prior de España, don Eugenio José Méndez de Haro, que posteriormente sería expulsado, por sentencia firme de los tribunales. Su nombre, al ser borrado de los escalafones, no figura en la relación de Grandes Priores. En honor a la verdad, su período de mandato se caracterizó por un considerable esfuerzo en dar a conocer la realidad internacional del hospital lazarista, todavía víctima por aquellos años, de los ataques del grupo nobiliarista que lideraba el marqués de Villarreal de Álava y en una lucha denodada por evitar la propagación de las tesis separatistas de la llamada Obediencia de París. Retirado Méndez, finalmente los jóvenes accedieron al poder, con el nombramiento como Gran Prior, del duque de Tovar, en 198O. Hay que apuntar aquí, la renovación del respaldo legal en el que se sustentaba la orden en España, ya que por expreso deseo del Gran Maestre, restaurada la monarquía, se hicieron las oportunas gestiones para que el 4 de agosto de aquel año, el Ministerio del Interior, habiendo oído los dictámenes emitidos por los Ministerios de Justicia, Defensa y Sanidad y Seguridad Social, reconociese, una vez más, la legalidad a todos los efectos civiles de la Orden como institución oficial. Don Alfonso de Figueroa y Melgar, duque de Tovar, extraordinario genealogista y fino escritor, muy bien secundado por un Consejo de Gobierno, donde abundaban excelentes colaboradores, como Van Halen, Dávila, Soravilla o Poyatos, condujo a la orden a la plena inclusión en el conjunto de las corporaciones nobiliarias españolas. En 1984, para subrayar este hecho, S.M. el Rey dedicó su foto a todos los caballeros de la Religión. Ya con su sucesor, el duque de Santoña, se obtuvo el nombramiento del Cardenal Silvio Oddi como protector espiritual de toda la Orden y la aceptación del Cardenal Primado de España y Arzobispo de Toledo, don Marcelo González Martín como protector en España. Sin perjuicio de esta protección espiritual, posteriormente el cardenal Enrique y Tarancón aceptó la gran cruz eclesiástica y el Gran Priorato espiritual de la Orden en España. En 1989, luego de un muy positivo balance de su gestión, el duque de Santoña fue sustituido por el actual Gran Maestre, ya que sus quehaceres profesionales impedían su asistencia a la Comisión de Reunificación, donde se jugaban los destinos de toda la orden. El duque de Sevilla, Gran Prior de España, asistió como Coadjutor de la orden, al Consejo Magistral de Washington, donde fracasaron las maniobras para despojar a su padre del supremo magisterio en favor de Brissac. Durante todo este tiempo fue Gran Prior Emérito, el doctor Dolcet, una vida consagrada al lazarismo, que había desempeñado las dignidades de Prior de España y Gran Hospitalario del Consejo Supremo. En nuestros días, una vez fallecido don Francisco y cumplida la sucesión natural, el duque de Santoña retomó las riendas del Gran Priorato, presidiendo un nuevo Consejo de Gobierno desde el año 2001, que ha impulsado en comunión con el Gran Maestre, la creación de la Fundación San Lázaro, para el desarrollo de programas de atención social en nuestro país. Notoria es también la labor emprendida en el terreno cultural, con la organización de un Congreso de Estudios Históricos, de gran importancia para restablecer la verdad sobre la genuina condición de la caballería lazarista, que tuvo lugar en Madrid en el año 2002, bajo la presidencia del duque de Sevilla y del que se 40 | P a g e


The Modern Order of Saint Lazarus concluyó la creación de una Academia Internacional para el estudio de la historia de la Religión de la cruz verde.

RELACIÓN DE GRANDES PRIORES DE ESPAÑA 1929-1936

Excmo. Sr. don Alfonso de Borbón y León, Marqués de Squilache, Grande de España Borbón y León, Excmo. Sr. don Alfonso de (Madrid, 1893-Aravaca, 1936).- Marqués de Squilache, Grande de España. Capitán de Infantería del Servicio de Aeronáutica. Gentilhombre de Cámara de S.M. Casado en 1925, con doña María Luisa de Caralt y Más. Gran Prior de España y del Gran Consejo Consultivo de la Orden. Medalla de Sufrimientos por la Patria y de la Orden Jalifiana de la Medahuia. Gran Cruz de Justicia. Caído por Dios y por España. (1930)

1941-1944

Excmo. Sr. General don Francisco Gómez-Jordana y Sousa, Conde de Jordana Gómez-Jordana y Sousa, Excmo. Sr. don Francisco (1876- 1944).- Conde de Jordana. Vicepresidente del Gobierno. Ministro de Asuntos Exteriores. Alto Comisario de España en Marruecos. Jefe del Somatén de Marruecos. Miembro del Directorio Militar. Teniente General del Ejercito. Casado con la Excma. Sra. dña. María del Carmen Prats y Souza. Gran Prior de España de la Orden. Gran Cruz de Justicia. (1940)

1944-1956

Excmo. Sr. don José María Velluti Zbikoswki, Marqués de Falces, del Cerro de la Cabeza y de Torreblanca, Grande del Reino de Navarra Velluti Zbikoswki, Excmo. Sr. don José María.- Marqués de Falces, del Cerro de la Cabeza y de Torreblanca. Grande del Reino de Navarra. Casado con la Excma. Sra. dña María de la Esperanza de Murga y Ansuátegui. Bailío del Gran Priorato de España, después Gran Prior de España de la Orden. Maestrante de Zaragoza. De la Real Hermandad de Infanzones de Nuestra Señora de la Caridad de la Imperial Villa de Illescas. Gran Cruz, con collar. (1930)

1956-1962

Excmo. Sr. don José Romero de Juseu y Lerroux, Marqués de Cárdenas de Montehermoso, Gran Refrendario Romero de Juseu y Lerroux, Excmo. Sr. don José (+ Madrid,1969).- Marqués de Cárdenas de Montehermoso. Abogado. Casado con la Excma. Sra. dña. María Josefa Armenteros y Peñalver, Marquesa de Casa Peñalver. Académico de la de Bellas Artes y Ciencias Históricas de Toledo. Correspondiente de la American Society of Heraldry, de la Societé Heraldique Luxemborgeoise, del Instituto Cubano de Genealogía y Heráldica, de la Academia Costarricense de Ciencias Genealógicas, del Ateneo de Ciencias y Artes de México y del Instituto Argentino de Ciencias Genealógicas. Camarero Secreto de Capa y Espada de S.S. Gran Refrendario y Gran Prior de España. Gran Cruz de la Orden de Honor y Mérito, de la República de Cuba. De la Real, Antiquísima y Muy Ilustre Cofradía de Caballeros Nobles de Nuestra Señora del Portillo, de Zaragoza; de la Real Hermandad de Infanzones de Nuestra Señora de la Caridad de la Imperial Villa de Illescas; del Toisón de Oro (discernido por el Infante Don Jaime, Duque de Anjou y de Segovia, Jefe de la Casa de Francia y de Borbón) Gran Collar. (1932)

1962-1967

Excmo. Sr. don Pedro Osorio de Moscoso y Moreno, Duque de Montemar, Grande de España Osorio de Moscoso y Moreno, Excmo. Sr. don Pedro (Madrid, 1904-Madrid, 1986).Duque de Montemar. Grande de España. Casó con la Excma. Sra. dña. Elisa Estanga y Cólogan Franchi. Portaestandarte del Gran Priorato de España y más tarde, Gran Prior. De la Real, Antiquísima y Muy Ilustre Cofradía de Caballeros Nobles de Nuestra Señora del Portillo de Zaragoza. Maestrante de Ronda. Gran Cruz.

1967-1973

Serenísimo Señor don Francisco de Borbón y Borbón, Gran Maestre Emérito, XLV y XLVII Gran Maestre Borbón y de Borbón, Ssmo. Sr. don Francisco Enrique de (Santander, 1912-Villaviciosa de Odón, 1995).- Jefe de la Casa de Borbón-Sevilla; Coronel Honorario de Caballería,

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The Modern Order of Saint Lazarus Coadjutor de la Orden, con derecho a la sucesión durante el Gran Magisterio de su padre, más tarde, XLV y XLVII Gran Maestre de la Orden; Casó en primeras nupcias en l942, con la Excma. Sra. doña Enriqueta Escasany y Miquel y en segundas, en 1967, con la Excma. Sra. doña Maria Josefa Garcia de Lóbez y Salvador; Doctor Honoris Causa por la Universidad de California; Senador Honorario del Estado de California; Coronel Honorario del Estado Mayor de la Guardia Nacional de los EEUU; Canciller de Gracia y Merced de la Casa Real de Georgia. Presidente de la Asociación Hispanoamericana de Heráldica y Genealogía, Miembro de Honor de la Sociedad Heráldica Española. De la Mesa de la Fundación Europea. Dos Cruces Rojas del Mérito Militar, dos cruces de Guerra, Medalla de la Campaña, Cruz de Guerra y Valor Militar italianas, Cruz del Aguila Alemana. Orbe Hispánico de Honor. Grandes cruces de la Orden de Vasco Nuñez de Balboa de Panamá, del Cóndor de los Andes de Bolivia y de San Jorge de Baviera. Del Hábito del Hospital de San Juan en Dinamarca, del Toisón de Oro (discernido por don Jaime de Borbón y Battemberg, duque de Segovia y de Anjou), de la Ilustre Comunidad Mozárabe de Toledo, del Estamento Militar del Principado de Gerona. Gran Collar de la Orden de Carlos V. Gran Maestre Emérito del Estament de Cavallers Nobles del Principat de Catalunya. Gran Collar.

1973-1980 1980-1985

Don José Eugenio Méndez de Haro Excmo. Sr. don Alfonso de Figueroa y Melgar, Duque de Tovar, Marqués de Gauna, Grande de España Figueroa y Melgar, Excmo. Sr. don Alfonso de (Madrid, 1936).- Duque de Tovar, Marqués de Gauna, Grande de España. Licenciado en Derecho, escritor, genealogista. Casado en 1965, Con la Excma. Sra. dña. Oliva Gonzalez-Conde y Rueda. Gran Prior del Gran Priorato de España de la Orden. De la Consulta Heráldica Iberoamericana. Del Instituto Internacional de Heráldica y Genealogia. Hidalgo a Fuero de España. Caballero Mozárabe de Toledo. Del Hábito de San Juan, de la Real Maestranza de Caballería de Ronda, del Real Cuerpo Colegiado de Hijosdalgo de la Nobleza de Madrid, de la Constantiniana de San Jorge. Gran Cruz. (1978)

1985-1989

Excmo. Sr. don Juan Manuel Mitjans y Domecq, Duque de Santoña, Marqués de Santurce y de Manzanedo, Grande de España Mitjans y Domecq, Excmo. Sr. don Juan Manuel (Jerez de la Frontera, 1951).- Duque de Santoña, Marqués de Manzanedo y de Santurce, Grande de España. Casado con la Excma. Sra. dña. Cristina Basa Ybarra. Abogado. Presidente del Consejo Asesor del Gran Maestrazgo. Director de la Academia de Genealogía, Nobleza y Armas Alfonso XIII, Vicepresidente Primero de la Consulta Heráldica Iberoamericana, Colegiado de Mérito del Colegio Heráldico de España y de las Indias. Lugarteniente General de la Orden de Carlos V. Gran Prior del Gran Priorato de España. Gran Cruz.

1989-1994

Serenísimo Sr. don Francisco de Borbón y Escasany, Duque de Sevilla, Grande España, XLVIII Gran Maestre Borbón y Escasany, Ssmo. Sr. don Francisco de (Madrid, 1943).- V Duque de Sevilla, Grande de España. Licenciado en Ciencias Económicas. Empresario. XLVIII Gran Maestre de la Orden. Coadjutor con derecho a la sucesión, durante el Gran Magisterio de su padre. Gran Prior de España. Casado en primeras nupcias en 1973, con Beatriz, Condesa de Hardenberg, con sucesión; en segundas, en 1991, con la Excma. Sra. doña Isabel Karanitsh Cimloff Ykaracefcef y en terceras, en el año 2000, con la Excma. Sra. doña María de los Angeles Vargas-Zúñiga de Juanes. Patrón de yate. Colegiado de Mérito del Colegio Heráldico de España y de las Indias. Desde Abril de 1995, Gran Maestre interino, confirmado como Gran Maestre de la Orden, el 15 de Diciembre de 1995, por decisión del Consejo Supremo Internacional, reunido en la Iglesia del Santísimo Cristo de la Fe de Madrid y proclamado oficialmente, por el Capítulo General de la Orden, el 5 de Octubre de 1996, en la Iglesia de Santa María de la Pasión de Milán. Presidente de la Fundación San Lázaro en España y desde Septiembre de 2001, Comendador Hereditario de la Encomienda del Castillo (de la Torre de Lanzun) de Malta. Protector de la Academia Internacional de Nuestra Señora del Monte Carmelo. Caballero Honorario Noble de la Ilustre y Antiquísima Hermandad de Caballeros

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The Modern Order of Saint Lazarus Mozárabes de Toledo. Del Estamento Militar del Principado de Gerona. Gran Cruz de la Orden de Sao Tomé Apóstolo. Gran Collar del Hábito de San Eugenio. Placa de Sons of American Revolution. Gran Cruz de la Orden del León de la República de Finlandia. Medalla de la Peregrinación de San Olav. Gran Collar.

1994 -2001

Excmo. Sr. don Juan Manuel Mitjans y Domecq, Duque de Santoña, Marqués de Santurce y de Manzanedo, Grande de España Mitjans y Domecq, Excmo. Sr. don Juan Manuel (Jerez de la Frontera, 1951).- Duque de Santoña, Marqués de Manzanedo y de Santurce, Grande de España. Casado con la Excma. Sra. dña. Cristina Basa Ybarra. Abogado. Presidente del Consejo Asesor del Gran Maestrazgo. Director de la Academia de Genealogía, Nobleza y Armas Alfonso XIII, Vicepresidente Primero de la Consulta Heráldica Iberoamericana, Colegiado de Mérito del Colegio Heráldico de España y de las Indias. Lugarteniente General de la Orden de Carlos V. Gran Prior del Gran Priorato de España. Gran Cruz.

2001 --

El Duque de Santoña, Marqués de Santurce y de Manzanedo, Grande de España Mitjans y Domecq, Excmo. Sr. don Juan Manuel (Jerez de la Frontera, 1951).- Duque de Santoña, Marqués de Manzanedo y de Santurce, Grande de España. Casado con la Excma. Sra. dña. Cristina Basa Ybarra. Abogado. Presidente del Consejo Asesor del Gran Maestrazgo. Director de la Academia de Genealogía, Nobleza y Armas Alfonso XIII, Vicepresidente Primero de la Consulta Heráldica Iberoamericana, Colegiado de Mérito del Colegio Heráldico de España y de las Indias. Lugarteniente General de la Orden de Carlos V. Gran Prior del Gran Priorato de España. Gran Cruz.

El Marques de la Lapilla

RELACIÓN DE CABALLEROS DEL GRAN PRIORATO DE ESPAÑA CONDECORADOS CON LA MEDALLA DE LA LEALTAD. 4        

Excmo. Sr. don Luis Dolcet Buxeres Excmo. Sr. don José Casajuana y Gibert Excmo. Sr. don José Soriano Ribera Excmo. Sr. don Juan Flotats Sanmartí Excmo. Sr. don Ramón Esteve Piñol Excmo. Sr. don Vicente Boluda Fos Excmo. Sr. don José María de Montells y Galán Excmo. Sr. don Juan Van Halen Acedo

4

Creada por Decreto Gran Magistral de 5 de Octubre de 1986, para honrar adecuadamente a aquellos caballeros que se hubieran distinguido de manera especial en la salvaguarda de los valores de fidelidad y devoción al Gran Maestre y a la Orden, la Medalla de la Lealtad de San Lázaro, ha sido concedida en muy pocas ocasiones, constituyendo uno de los más preciados galardones para los lazaristas de todo el mundo. La insignia de la medalla consiste en la cruz maltesa de ocho puntas, esmaltada de verde, fileteada de oro, angulada de la cifra de la orden, también de oro, rodeada de una corona de laurel, esmaltada de verde y coronada por un listel de oro, con la palabra LEALTAD en esmalte rojo, pendiente de una cinta con los colores nacionales de España. Se lleva al cuello, a modo de encomienda.

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The Modern Order of Saint Lazarus RELACIÓN (PROVISIONAL) DE CABALLEROS DE LA CLASE DE JUSTICIA, INGRESADOS EN EL GRAN PRIORATO DE ESPAÑA, DURANTE EL SIGLO XX.5  Agreda y Pardo, Excmo. Sr. don Juan Manuel  Agudo Sánchez, Ilmo. Sr. don Jesús Fernando  Aguilar y Gómez Acebo, Excmo. Sr. don Fernando de  Alcántara y Pérez Cabezas, Ilmo. don Víctor Nicolás de  Almagro y Montes de Oca, Excmo. Sr. don Gerónimo  Alonso Vega, Excmo. Sr. don Camilo  Alvarez de Toledo y Cabeza de Vaca, Excmo. Sr. don Alonso  Alvarez Gómez, Ilmo. Sr. don Octavio  Alvarez Montes y Bernaldo de Quirós, Excmo. Sr. don Joaquín  Andreu Socas de Borjas, Excmo. Sr. don Juan.  Anes Alvarez de Castrillón, Excmo. Sr. don Gonzalo  Anglada Rovirosa, Ilmo. Sr. don Ruperto de.  Antón Reglero, Ilmo. Sr. don Florentino  Aragonés Meseguer, Ilmo. Sr. don Francisco  Argila y Olivares, Ilmo. Sr. don Antonio  Armengol Larapoza, Ilmo. Sr. don Juan  Armengol Pereyra, Ilmo.Sr. don Alejandro  Arolas y Joval, Ilmo. Sr. don Apolonio Ramón de  Arteaga y Echagüe, Excmo. Sr. don Joaquín de  Asensio Cabanillas, Excmo. Sr. don Carlos  Azcoiti y Sánchez-Muñoz, Excmo. Sr. don Mariano de  Azoy Castañé, Excmo. Sr. don Alfonso  Bagration de Moukhrani y Baviera, S. A. R. don Bagrat Juan  Bagration de Mukhrani, S.A.R. don Irakly  Barrera y Jaime, Ilmo. Sr. don Antonio  Barrón Ortiz, Excmo. Sr. don Fernando  Bartomeu y González Longoria, Excmo. Sr. don Maximino  Barucci y Borbón, Excmo. Sr. don Francisco 5

 López de Vilariño y Torre de Castro, Excmo. Sr. don José Antonio  López-Montero y Juarez, Ilmo. Sr. don Angel  Lopo Branco, Ilmo. Sr. don Jaime de  Lozano de Luaces, Ilmo. Sr. don Vicente  Lucendo Muñoz, Ilmo. Sr. don Tomás  Maldonado y Pardo Manuel de Villena, Ilmo. Sr. don Luis  Manrique de Lara y Bravo de Laguna, Excmo. Sr. don Agustín  Márquez de la Plata y Angioletti, Excmo. Sr. don José Manuel  Martel y Adeler, Excmo. Sr. don Erik Ignacio  Martín-Dávila de Burgos, Excmo. Sr. don Jesús  Martín Prat y Armesto, Excmo. Sr. don José Antonio  Martínez de Campos y de la Viesca, Excmo. Sr. don Arsenio  Martínez de Campos y Serrano, Excmo. Sr. don Carlos  Martínez Anguita y de Lara, Ilmo. Sr. don Pablo de  Martínez Mercadal, Ilmo. Sr. don Enrique  Martos Azlor de Aragón, Excmo. Sr. don José Luis  Martí de Salazar, Excmo. Sr. don Juan Felipe de  Mata Gorostizaga, Excmo. Sr. don Enrique de la  Medina Togores, Ilmo. Sr. don Juan Ignacio de  Mélida Fuentes Bustillo, Excmo. Sr. don Enrique  Millán Astray y Terreros, Excmo. Sr. don José  Miraved del Valle, Ilmo. Sr. don Juan Jo  Miraved y Blanco, Ilmo. Sr. don Cándido  Mitjans y Domecq, Excmo. Sr. don Juan Manuel  Mitjans y Fitz James Stuart, Ilmo. Sr. don Carlos Alfonso  Monasterio Ituarte, Excmo. Sr. don José  Montells y Galán, Excmo. Sr. don José María  Montells y Gimeno, Excmo. Sr. don José de

No existe, por ahora, un único archivo centralizado y sistematizado del Gran Priorato de España, ya que se halla dividido en tres grandes grupos: el particular del Marqués de Cárdenas de Montehermoso, en poder de su herederos y que se reprodujo, en parte, en el Armorial de Algrant y Beaugourdon, gracias al ingente trabajo del que fuese Juez de Armas del Gran Priorato de España, don José de Vilana y Petit; el que perteneció al Gran Maestre, don Francisco de Borbón y de Borbón, que se custodiaba en la sede magistral de El Bosque, en Villaviciosa de Odón y que ha sido cedido a la Orden por su hijo, don Enrique de Borbón y García Lóbez, fuente principal de esta relación y el de la Lugartenencia del Capítulo Noble del Principado de Cataluña, que ha sido recientemente devuelto a la Cancillería. A estos tres archivos principales hay que añadir otros varios procedentes de escalafones circunstanciales (publicados con ocasión de las investiduras de caballeros y damas) y que han supuesto un trabajo añadido de rastreo en diversas obras genealógicas y nobiliarias y en índices de otras corporaciones. Se han examinado también, en la medida de lo posible, los expedientes de algunos caballeros obrantes en el Archivo General Militar de Segovia. Es, por tanto, una nómina que deberá ser ampliada conforme se vayan estudiando los fondos no consultados todavía. Lo que sí puede decirse es que son todos los que están, pero no están todos los que son.

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The Modern Order of Saint Lazarus  Barucci Antoliseni y Brundel, Excmo. Sr. don Rinaldo  Bauffremont-Courtenay, S.E. el Príncipe Jacques de  Bauffremont y Osorio de Moscoso, Excmo. Sr. don Pedro de  Baviera y Mesía, S.A.R. don Fernando de  Beigbéder Atienza, Excmo. Sr. don Juan  Beltran Massés, Excmo. Sr. don Federico  Beneyte Serrano-Verdu, Excmo. Sr. don Francisco  Benthen de Amiel, Ilmo. Sr. don Ignacio  Benthem Guille, Ilmo. Sr. don Ignacio  Benítez de Lugo y Ascanio, Excmo. Sr. don Luis  Bernal Sanchez, Ilmo. Sr. don Manuel  Bernold, Excmo. Sr. don Gunther P  Boluda Fos, Excmo. Sr. don Vicente  Bonal Sánchez, Excmo. Sr. don José Juan  Borbón de Ast, Excmo. Sr. don Alberto de  Borbón y de Borbón, Ssmo. Sr. don Francisco Enrique de  Borbón y Castellví, Ssmo. Sr. don Alberto de  Borbón y Castellví, Ssmo. Sr. don Francisco de  Borbón y Escasany, Ssmo. Sr. don Alfonso de  Borbón y Escasany, Ssmo. Sr. don Francisco de  Borbón y García de Lóbez, Ssmo. Sr. don Enrique de  Borbón y León, Excmo. Sr. don Alfonso de  Borbón y León, Excmo. Sr. don Enrique de  Borbón y Rich, Excmo. Sr. don Alberto de  Borbón y de la Torre, Ssmo. Sr. don Francisco de  Borrás Lavín, Ilmo. Sr. don Juan  Bru de Sala y Valls, Ilmo. Sr. don José Antonio de  Bueno Tárrega, Ilmo. Sr. don Baltasar  Bueno Monreal, S. Emmcia. Rvdma. el cardenal Dr. don José María  Bueres Santa Eulalia, Ilmo. Sr. don Angel  Calderón Díaz, Excmo. Sr. don Pedro  Calderón y Gómez de Rueda, Ilmo. Sr. don Fernando  Cappa y Rodríguez, Ilmo. Sr. don José Luis de  Carballal González, Ilmo. Sr. don José  Caruana y Gómez de Barreda, Excmo. Sr. don Luis  Casanova Baron, Excmo. Sr. don Luis Gonzaga de  Casaús y García de Samaniego, Ilmo. Sr. don Joaquín  Casajuana y Gibert, Excmo. Sr. don José  Cascales Valero, Excmo. Sr. don Juan  Castellví y Hortega de Medina, Excmo. Sr. don Enrique  Cediel Infantes, Ilmo. Sr. don Jaime  Colom y Martí-Codolar, Ilmo. Sr. don Luis María  Cora y Lira, Excmo. Sr. don Jesús de  Cunha Coutinho, Excmo. Sr. don José Antonio Alves da  Cubas y Urquijo, Excmo. Sr. don Felipe Neri de  Cuello Jiménez, Ilmo. Sr. don Manuel  Dalmases y Esteva, Excmo. Sr. don Antonio de

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 Montells y Pajares, Ilmo. Sr. don Rafael José de  Montesino-Espartero y Juliá, Excmo. Sr. don Luis  Montoliú y Carrasco, Excmo. Sr. don Carlos deMora y Aragón, Excmo. Sr. don Jaime de  Mora y Aragón, Excmo. Sr. don Alejandro de  Moreno y Fernández, Excmo. Sr. don Salvador  Moreno Manzano, Ilmo. Sr. don Joaquín  Moscardó e Ituarte, Excmo. Sr. don José  Muñoz Altea, Excmo. Sr. don Fernando  Muñoz-Cobo y Muñoz-Cobo, Ilmo. Sr. don Diego  Murillo y Ascaso, Excmo. Sr. don Pedro V  Noya Cortés del Valle, Ilmo. Sr. don Eduardo  Olano y de Silva, Ilmo. Sr. don Víctor  Oltra y Borbón, Excmo. Sr. don Alfonso de  Orleáns-Borbón y Coburgo, S.A.R. don Ataúlfo de  Orleáns-Borbón y Orleáns-Braganza, S.A.R. don Miguel de  Orleáns-Borbón y Sajonia-Coburgo, S.A.R. don Carlos Felipe de  Orgaz y Yoldi, Excmo. Sr. don Luis  Osorio y Díez de Rivera, Excmo. Sr. don Beltrán  Osorio de Moscoso y Jordán de Urríes, Excmo. Sr. don Luis  Osorio de Moscoso y Moreno, Excmo. Sr. don Pedro  Pastor Krauel, Ilmo. Sr. don Eugenio  Pastor Freiza, Ilmo. Sr. don José María  Pau y Arriaga, Ilmo. Sr. don Antonio  Peiro Mir, Ilmo. Sr. don Manuel  Peiro Sancho de Doñate, Ilmo. Sr. Don Manuel  Pemán y Pemartín, Excmo. Sr. don José María  Pemartín y Calvi, Ilmo. Sr. don Juan  Pereira y Paz, Excmo. Sr. don Joaquín  Pérez de Quintanilla y Romero de Fernández, Ilmo. Sr. don Manuel  Pérez de Seoane y Roca de Togores, Excmo. Sr. don Juan  Pérez de Tudela y Pérez, Ilmo. Sr. don Carlos  Pfaff y Clarasó, Ilmo. Sr. don Enrique  Pfaff Bertran, Ilmo. Sr. don Juan Eduardo  Pfaff y Clarasó, Ilmo. Sr. don Juan Francisco  Polignac, S.E. Príncipe Guy de  Ponte y Manso de Zúñiga, Excmo. Sr. don Miguel  Poza y Moreno, Ilmo. Sr. don Francisco Javier de la  Pozzi y López de Requena, Ilmo. Sr. don Carlos  Poyatos Bernaldez, Excmo. Sr. don Luis Manuel  Prusia, S.A.I.R don Francisco Guillermo de  Quintana Aparicio, Excmo. Sr. don Gerardo  Rada y Peral, Excmo. Sr. don Ricardo de  Rada y Martínez, Ilmo. Sr. don Francisco de  Regil y Escobedo, Ilmo. Sr. don Jorge de  Reixachs y Bertran, Excmo. Sr. don Alberto de  Retortillo y de León, Excmo. Sr. don José Luis  Revilla Chavarria, Ilmo. Sr. don Braulio  Rincón-Gallardo y Romero de Terreros, Excmo. Sr.


The Modern Order of Saint Lazarus  Dávila Arrondo, Excmo. Sr. Don Fidel  Dávila García-Miranda, Excmo. Sr. don José Antonio Dávila Jalón, Excmo. Sr. don Valentín  Díaz-Miranda Macías, Ilmo. Sr. don Felipe  Díez Alegría y Gutiérrez, Excmo. Sr. don Manuel  Dolcet Buxeres, Excmo. Sr. don Luis  Dolz de Espejo y Andreu, Excmo. Sr., don Tomás  Dutilh Giménez, Ilmo. Sr. don José María  Echeverría Echániz, Ilmo. Sr. don Juan Ignacio  Escasany y Auceil, Ilmo. Sr. don Ignacio  Espejo y Valdelomar, Ilmo. Sr. don Luis  Espinosa de los Monteros y Bermejillo, Ilmo. Sr. don Eugenio  Espinosa Ferreiro, Ilmo. Sr. don José Juan  Esteve Piñol, Excmo. Sr. Don Ramón  Ferran Capdet, Ilmo. Sr. don José  Feigenblatt von Miller y Rojas, Ilmo. Sr. don Morris  Feliu de Cabrera y Quadreny, Excmo. Sr. don Sebastián  Fernández-Canivell y de Toro, Ilmo. Sr. don Ramón  Fernández de Córdoba y Castrillo, Excmo. Sr. don Mariano  Fernández Pardo, Ilmo. Sr. don Pedro  Fernández Maquieira y de Borbón, Excmo. Sr. don Alberto  Fernández Miranda y Lozana, Excmo. Sr. don Enrique  Fernández Prieto y Domínguez, Excmo. Sr. don Enrique  Fernández Rodríguez y Alvarez Alonso, Ilmo. Sr. don Mariano Marcial  Fernández Rodríguez y Martínez Cortázar, Ilmo. Sr. don Carisio José  Fernández Rodríguez y Martínez Cortázar, Ilmo. Sr. don Mariano  Flotats Sanmartí, Excmo. Sr. don Juan  Figueras y Figueras, Ilmo. Sr. don Luis  Figueroa y Melgar, Excmo. Sr. don Alfonso de  Franco Bahamonde, Excmo. Sr. don Francisco  Franco Bahamonde, Excmo. Sr. don Nicolás  García Correa y Gómez, Ilmo. Sr. don Luis  García y López de Carvajal, Ilmo. Sr. don Celestino  García Bernal, Ilmo. Sr. don Francisco Javier  García Pellicer, Ilmo. Sr. don Luis  García Rodríguez, Rev. e Ilmo. Sr. don Angel  García Valiño y Marcén, Excmo. Sr. don Rafael  Gimeno Castrillo, Excmo. Sr. don Conrado  Gimeno y Rodríguez Jaén, Ilmo. Sr. don Vicente  Gómez de Casals Ciutat, Ilmo. Sr. don Narciso  Gómez Morejón, Ilmo. Sr. don Recaredo  Gómez-Jordana y Sousa, Excmo. Sr. don Francisco  González de Rivera y Montoro, Ilmo. Sr. don Luis  González de Valls y Caballero, Excmo. Sr. don Rafael  González Contreras, Excmo. Sr. don José Antonio

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don Carlos  Rio Arce, Ilmo. Sr. don Ignacio del  Río Arce, Ilmo. Sr. don José Joaquín del  Rocha Rodríguez, Excmo. Sr. don Jaime  Rochefulcauld, Excmo. Sr. don Carlos de La  Rodón Guinjoan, Ilmo. Sr. don Ramón María  Rodríguez de Acuña y Dorta, Excmo. Sr. don Manuel  Rodríguez Augustin, Ilmo. Sr. don Eduardo  Rodríguez de Maribona y Dávila, Ilmo. Sr. don Manuel  Rodríguez Díaz de Quintana, Ilmo. Sr. don Miguel  Romero de Juseu y Lerroux, Excmo. Sr. don José  Romero de Juseu y Armenteros, Ilmo. Sr. don Enrique  Romero de Juseu y Armenteros, Ilmo. Sr. don José Arturo  Rostworowski, Ilmo. Sr. don Nicolás Pedro de  Ruiz-Ayúcar y Alonso, Ilmo. Sr. don Miguel Angel  Ruiz de Luna y Díez, Excmo. Sr. don Joaquín  Rújula y Ochotorena, Excmo. Sr. don José de  Rumania, S.A.R. Nicolás de  Saavedra y Collado, Excmo. Sr. don Fausto  Saénz de Buruaga y Polanco, Excmo. Sr. don Apolinar  Sáinz de la Maza y Gutiérrez Solana, Excmo. Sr. don Leopoldo  Salanova y Salanova, Excmo. Sr. don Rafael de  Salcedo Bermejillo, Ilmo. Sr. don Felipe  Saliquet y Zumeta. Excmo. Sr. don Andrés  Sánchez de León y Cotoner, Excmo. Sr. don Antonio  Sánchez González, Excmo. Sr. don Juan Bautista  Sangróniz y Castro, Excmo. Sr. don José Antonio  Santiago y Díaz de Mendívil, Excmo. Sr. don Fernando de  Sarabia y de la Peña, Excmo. Sr. don José Luis de  Sarabia y Hazas, Excmo. Sr. don Justo de  Schwertschwendi y Pfister, Ilmo. Sr. don Federico Michel von  Serrano Armenteros, Excmo. Sr. don José Luis  Serrano Suñer, Excmo. Sr. don Ramón  Siboni Gabay, Excmo. Sr. don Isaac  Sierra Xauet, Excmo. Sr. don Alberto  S. M. el Rey Simeón II de los búlgaros  Simón Tor, Ilmo. Sr. don José María  Siracusa Gagliano Pisa, Ilmo. Sr. don Giuseppe  Sizzo de Noris y Fontanals, Excmo. Sr. don Alvaro  Solchaga y Zabala, Excmo. Sr. don Joaquín  Solís y Lasso de la Vega, Excmo. Sr. don Pedro  Soravilla Fernández, Excmo. Sr. don Roberto  Suanzes de la Hidalga, Excmo. Sr. don Saturnino  Talarewitz Yurital, Ilmo. Sr. don Enrique  Tella y Cantos, Excmo. Sr. don Heli Rolando de  Thierry-Michel de Pierredón y Brecy de Lerdus, Excmo. Sr. don Enrique María  Torrent Nolla, Ilmo. Sr. don Santiago


The Modern Order of Saint Lazarus  Gonzalez-Conde y de Borbón, Excmo. Sr. don Fernando  Gordon de Wardhouse y Rodríguez de Casanova, Ilmo. Sr. don Alfonso  Habsburgo-Lorena y Borbón, S.A.I.R. don Antonio de  Habsburgo-Lorena y Borbón, S.A.I.R. don Francisco de  Hernández Rovira, Excmo. Sr. don Juan José  Hoces y Dorticós Marín, Excmo. Sr. don José Ramón de  Hohenzollern, S. A. el Príncipe Federico de  Ibáñez de Aldecoa y Urcullu, Excmo. Sr. don Rafael.General. Gran Cruz  Inchaurraga y Martín de Ipiña, Ilmo. Sr. don José María de  Jado y Canales, Ilmo.Sr. don Angel de  Jarillo de la Reguera, Ilmo. Sr. don Emilio  Jiménez y Mendoza, Excmo. Sr. don Fernando  Landecho y Allendesalazar, Excmo. Sr. don José  Lara y Guerrero, Excmo. Sr. don Carlos  Lavín del Noval, Ilmo. Sr. don Gonzalo  León y Arias de Saavedra, Ilmo. Sr. don Federico de  León y Adorno, Ilmo. Sr. don Juan Antonio de  Llaneza Carral, Ilmo. Sr. don Juan Eladio  Lobeiras Fernández, Ilmo. Sr. don Manuel Angel  López de Carrizosa y Ratibor, Excmo. Sr. don Jaime  López Nieto y Mallo, Excmo. Sr. don Francisco  López Vegue, Ilmo. Sr. don Juan Antonio  Lombana y Carnicero, Ilmo. Sr. don José de la

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 Torrejón Fuentes, Ilmo. Sr. don Alejandro  Torres de Navarra y Delgado, Ilmo. Sr. don Ramón Ignacio  Torres-Muñoz y Osácar, Ilmo. Sr. don Guillermo  Tuero de Alonso y Andriani, Ilmo. Sr. don Jesús  Turull y Ventosa, Ilmo. Sr. don Alfonso  Ungría y Goiburu, Excmo. Sr. don Bernardo de  Urriolagoitia Harriague, Excmo. Sr. don Mamerto  Urrutia González, Excmo. Sr. don Gustavo  Utesa Buyo, Ilmo. Sr. don José María  Uzquiano y Leonard, Excmo. Sr. don Enrique  Valle y Fernández, Ilmo.Sr. don Isaac del  Vallés y Prat, Excmo. Sr. don Agustín  Van de Walle y de Ponte, Excmo. Sr. don Antonio  Van Halen y Acedo, Excmo. Sr. don Juan  Van Halen y Bona, Excmo. Sr. don Juan  Van Halen y Rodríguez, Ilmo. Sr. don Juan  Varela Iglesias, Excmo. Sr. don José Enrique  Vega y Blasco, Ilmo. Sr. don Antonio de la  Velluti Zbikoswki, Excmo. Sr. don José María  Vilá y Batista, Ilmo. Sr. don Pablo de  Vilana y Petit, Ilmo. Sr. don José de  Villaamil y Díaz de Bustamante, Excmo. Sr. don Francisco  Van Vollenhoven, Excmo. Sr. don Mauricio  Ximenez Enciso y Fernández, Ilmo. Sr. don Rafael de  Zamoyski y Borbón, Ilmo. Sr. don Carlos  Zbikowski y Margarida, Ilmo. Sr. don Enrique de  Zarandieta y Sánchez-Arjona, Ilmo. Sr. don Enrique de


The Modern Order of Saint Lazarus

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The Modern Order of Saint Lazarus

The Grand Bailiwick of Luxembourg Chev. Reichsritter Dr. Fred Reinertz Bailiff of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg and Preceptor of the Fondation de St Lazare ASBL

The natonal jurisdiction of the Order of Saint Lazarus was established in the grand duchy of Luxembourg after the publication of the Grand Master’s decree following the Grand Magistral Council meeting in Salzburg in 1979.1 The members of the Delegation of Luxembourg quickly organized thenselves with a mix of members of members resident in the Grand Duchy and others non-resident members. Within three years, the delegation members and affiliates numbered seventeen. In 1982, the Delegation had organized a number of charitable projects included providing food staples for the Polish relief and organizing the sale of a table dinner service bearing the insignia of the Order designed and manufactured by the firm Valleroy and Boch. The charitable donations amounted to about ₏32 000.2 In 1982, the Delegation was raised to the status of a Bailiwick [GM decree 9/82] under the leadersgip of Chevalier Fernard Lavandier GCLJ as Bailiff; while H.E. Pierre Werner, the Head of Government of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, was admitted in the Order in the Grade of Knight Grand Cross with collar [GM decree 6/82]. During the Grand Magistral Meeting held in Washington in 1984, the Bailiff proposed the setting up of a intercontinental centee to coordinate the charitable activities of the Order.3 The Foundaton de Saint Lazare was set up on the 21st Jauary 1988 by a Grand Ducal decree in the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg with the full agreement of the leaders of the Order. The role of the Foundation as defined by the statute was to assure the solidarity with all its jurisdictions to the world institutions. The Luxembourg Foundation, extending its interest to the increasing problem of AIDS, was confirmed in January 1991 by the World Health Organization. It was also registered as a

1

rd

th

Report of the Grand Magistral Council held in Edinburgh, Scotland, 23 -24 June 1980. MHOSLJ, Malta, 1981, p.33-36. 2 th th Report of the Magistral Council geld in Helsinki, Finland 7 -8 September 1982. MHOSLJ, Finland, 1983, p.4649,64. 3 th th Report of the Magistral Council held in Washington D.C., USA 12 to 15 July 1984. MHOSLJ, Malta, 1985, p.52-53.

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The Modern Order of Saint Lazarus member of the International Leprosy Association and as a nongovernmental organization working on AIDS by the United Nations Non-governmental Liason Service.4 The Grand Bailiwick of the Duchy of Luxembourg underwent a decline in the 1990s. Since its inception, the Grand Bailiwick was governed by a bailiff resident in Strasbourg, France and was composed of a strong non-Luxembourg resident membership base. The resident Luxembourg members gradually lost interest in the activities and distanced themselves from it as it was perceived more and more as a foreign-run entity with no real presence in the country. The same applied to the Fondaton de Saint Lazare. This situation was exacerbated by the Bailiff being struck with an incurable disease which resulted in his being unable to exercise his duties. With a fading membership base and the dwindling of the assests, the ailing bailiff felt committed to initiated the liquidation of the Grand Bailiwick. H.E. Fernard Lavandier the Bailiff emeritus of Luxembourg, formerly also Grand Almoner and Member of the Supreme Council died after a long illness on the 1 st October 2003 at Strasbourg.5 Before liquidation was completed, the Grand Chancellor of the Order was informed that some local interest still remined, and he empowered the Luxembourg national N.H. Chev Reichsritter Dr. Fred Reinertz PhD KCLJ-J, PSLJ to assume and reorganize the administration of the Order in the Grand Duchy. The liquidation of the national jurisdiction was therefore suspended and efforts were successfully made to regain conformity with the legal requirement, thereby permitting a continuation of the Order and the Foundaton de Saint Lazare in the Grand Duchy.

4

th

th

Report on the Grand Magistral Council, Castle of Albatarrec, Lerida, Spain, 14 to 18 May 1992. MHOSLJ, Malta, 1992, p.43-51. 5 Saint Lazarus Newsletter No. 22, January 2004, p.15

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The Modern Order of Saint Lazarus

The Order in Scotland H.E. Chev. Neil F. Donaldson GCLJ, CMLJ Chancellor of the Grand Bailiwick of Scotland

The Early Days The Grand Bailiwick of Scotland was founded by Lt Colonel Robert Gayre of Gayre and Nigg in 1961, following his appointment as Commissioner General for the English-speaking world within the Order. He accepted this office only on the condition that Protestants might be admitted to the Order as full members and was very successful in increasing the membership. Apart from the list of founding members, as at 30th June 1964, which reads like a list of the noble families and prominent citizens of Scotland, there are no records of the early meetings of the Grand Bailiwick. The only references that do occur, and they are very few, do so in letters between some senior members. At the time of the great schism the Grand Bailiwick of Scotland ceased to function. In April 1975, during a meeting in Borthwick Castle, Midlothian, a proclamation issued by Pierre de Cosse, 12th Duke of Brissac and 47th Grand Master of the Order announced the establishment of the "Délégation de Saint André de l'Ordre Militaire et Hospitalier de Saint Lazar de Jerusalem", which would operate until the Grand Bailiwick of Scotland was reformed. The Délégation was part of the Grand Priory of France, attached directly to the Grand Magistere of the Order. Its object was to further the aims of the Order through prayer, personal service and fundraising. Membership was to consist of British subjects resident in Scotland, although non-residents of Scottish descent or having strong Scottish connections could be included. Members of the former Grand Bailiwick of Scotland who signed a suitable agreement also qualified for admission. The officers, who were elected by the members and approved by the Grand Priory of France, were: President Vice-President Secretary and Treasurer Hospitaller Ecumenical Representative

Lt Colonel The Borthwick of Borthwick, GCLJ Nigel Tranter, KLJ Charles H Martineau KLJ Dr James C P Logan, KLJ The Very Rev Thomas Veitch, KLJ.

Discussions with Colonel Gayre in April 1983 ended with the recommendation that the Grand Bailiwick of Scotland be re-constituted. It was also recommended that the only existing member of the original Grand Bailiwick, Hugh McPherson, be made the Chancellor of the new organisation, which would hold allegiance to Paris. By February 1984 Lt Colonel Borthwick was able to report on the re-establishment of the Grand Bailiwick of Scotland and the appointment of office bearers by the

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The Modern Order of Saint Lazarus decrees Nos 83-02 and 83-03 respectively of the Magistaire General. It is now necessary to go back in time in order to follow the second strand of the story.

The Hereditary Commandery of Lochore In 1967 the Hereditary Commandery of Lochore was established, although the formal letters patent were not signed until 1969. The conditions were laid down that Lt Colonel Gayre had to settle in trust for and on behalf of the Order certain fiefs and assets that belonged to him. In return, the Grand Master, the Duke of Nemours, erected the assets as a Commandery and conferred the title "Founder Commander" upon Lt Colonel Gayre with the rights of succession to the eldest of his descendants. St Vincent's Church, the first church to have been acquired for the Order since the Reformation, became the official chapel of the Commandery on its establishment. When finally purchased by Lt Colonel Gayre in 1971, it was licensed as a private chapel within the diocese of Edinburgh and was to remain a parochial church for as long as the Episcopalian congregation continued to exist. The chaplain was to be appointed by the Order. As the proposed headquarters of the Vice Chancery of the English Tongues of the Order, it was planned that the basement contain a lecture hall, library and museum; the north aisle be converted into a Chapter House for meetings of the order and serve as a chapel; and a refectory be established in the west end vestry. The body of the church was to be suitably decorated with banners and full achievements of arms. Unfortunately, not all the plans for the chapel came to fruition.

View from the gallery in the west of the church and the choir roof

The church was regularly used for investitures. Members would change in the nearby St Stephen's Church then march in procession into the collegiate chapel. When The Grand Bailiwick of Scotland had been re-formed it was allowed the use of the chapel for investitures.

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The Modern Order of Saint Lazarus

Lt Colonel Gayre making a presentation during an investiture service

At this time two documents were matriculated at the Lord Lyon Court, in Edinburgh; the first on 3 August 1967 stated that the headquarters of the whole of the English Tongue is in St Vincent's Church, Edinburgh; while the second, on 26th September recorded not only the arms of the Hereditary Commandery of Lochore, but also the arms of the Grand Bailiwicks of Scotland, England and Canada and the Bailiwicks of Ireland and South Africa. rd

An emergency ambulance corps was established, with the intention of working closely with the Police and Scottish Ambulance Service and attending public events. It was divided into five sections based in Glasgow, Edinburgh, Galashiels, Stirling and Ayr. The headquarters was to have been in St Vincent's Church Hall, but ended up in Glasgow. The ambulances tended to be used for general transport of the sick and elderly. This led to heavy use, with the consequent need for frequent servicing and repairs. When the headquarters was burnt down the church hall had to be sold to provide the finances to obtain a new one. The emergency ambulance service disappears from the records during the nineteen eighties. In 1967 the Duke of Nemours made his friend Lt Colonel Gayre the Grand Referendary of the Order. This proved to be a complete anathema to the French members, so Pierre de Cosse, 12 th Duke of Brissac caused the Duke of Nemours to be deposed and assumed the position of head of the French faction (later to be known as the Paris Obedience). Lt Colonel Gayre then formed a new faction of English speaking members on Malta, where he had a home, under the leadership of the Duke of Nemours. When, in 1970, the Duke of Nemours suddenly died his nephew declined the title of Grand Master and became the co-adjutor. When Colonel Gayre managed to persuade the Duke of Seville to assume the title in 1973, the factions were reduced to two - the Paris Obedience and the Malta/Spanish Obedience. The Hereditary Commandery of Lochore affiliated to the Spanish Obedience. The Grand Magistry of the Malta/Spanish Obedience was in Spain while its administration was in Malta. In the summer of 1982 a Grand Magistral Council meeting was held in Helsinki. It fell to Lt Colonel Gayre to give the inaugural address and preside over the proceedings due to the illness of HRH Prince Franciso be Borbon y de Borbon had suffered a heart attack. During the post-conference tour, Lt Colonel Gayre fell ill and was taken to hospital. After treatment, he returned home accompanied by Chev Douglas Gair, his Chancellor. Not long after this in 1983, Chev Gair was made 53 | P a g e


The Modern Order of Saint Lazarus responsible for the running of the Hereditary Commandery and given the title of Surrogate Commander. This left Lt Colonel Gayre able to concentrate on international matters. Also in 1983 a member was admitted to the Hereditary Commandery who was to experience an extraordinarily rapid promotion and have an effect on future events. Admitted into the Order as a commander (CLJ), Richard Comyns had attained the rank of Grand Cross (GCLJ) by the end of 1986 and had been made a Knight of the Order of Merit (KMLJ) and assistant to the Surrogate Commander. Under the leadership of Chev Gair, irregularities occurred. A number of members, not liking what was happening, decided to become inactive and applied for "Gremio Religionis". Following a number of scandals involving the Spanish officials, the Hereditary Commandery of Lochore moved its allegiance to the Paris Obedience in 1985, under the leadership of the Maquis de Brissac, son of the Duke.

The Joint Existence of Hereditary Commandery and Grand Bailiwick In 1984 the Grand Bailiwick of Scotland was re-formed with Captain Alexander Ramsay of Mar, a great grandson of Queen Victoria, in the office of Grand Baillie, and Lt Colonel John Borthwick as the Baillie. 1986 saw John Borthwick's claim to the title of the 23rd Baron of Heriotmuir, Borthwick and Locherwort proved, a ruling given by the Lord Lyon, Scotland's regulator of titles and honours. While the Grand Bailiwick prospered, the problems besetting the Grand Commandery continued until 1988 when Lt Colonel Gayre was informed of what had been occurring. He made a request to the Grand Master, (the Marquis de Brissac) that Lord Borthwick be appointed the executive Commander of the Hereditary Commandery of Lochore. The Grand Master not only confirmed this request, but also made the Hereditary Commandery a Grand Commandery of, and under, the administration of the Grand Bailiwick of Scotland. The Grand Commander and his heirs were to keep the hereditary office in an honorary and non-executive fashion, not subject to the authority of the executive Commander, or of the Grand Bailiwick of Scotland. The Church of St Vincent was to remain, as far as is practical, the Church of the Order in Scotland. LtColonel Gayre wrote to the members on the Commandery recommending that they transfer their membership to the Grand Bailiwick. It is not clear whether Douglas Gair and Richard Comyns were dismissed from the Order, or whether they resigned. However they were among the founder members, and were the Secretary General and Vice-Chancellor respectively, of the Grand Priory of Scotland of the Military and Hospitaller Order of St Lazarus of Jerusalem which was established in 1988. Most of the members of Lochore transferred to the Grand Bailiwick, with a suitable re-arrangement of offices. No further information has been found on the Grand Commandery of Lochore or the Emergency Ambulance Corps. When Captain Alexander Ramsay of Mar demitted office as the Grand Baillie in 1989, Lord Borthwick was promoted in his stead, subsequently resigning the commission as the Executive Commander of the Grand Commandery of Lochore.

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The Modern Order of Saint Lazarus The year 1990 saw the Grand Priory merge with the Grand Bailiwick, with Chev Douglas Gair in the office of Secretary General and Chev Richard Comyns as Chancellor. Although Lord Borthwick stated that the name of the combined organisation was the Grand Bailiwick of Scotland, the Secretary General and Chancellor insisted that it should be The Grand Priory and Grand Bailiwick of Scotland. This name persisted for about six years, but eventually its original name prevailed. During 1991-1992 there was a large increase in the membership in the west of Scotland and it was not long before the possibility of establishing a Commandery was discussed. The planning and hard work came to fruition on Saturday, 19th November 1992 when the Commandery of Dalriada, with Chev Robert McIntyre, KCLJ, as the first Commander, was consecrated by the Grand Baillie, Lord Borthwick, with the assistance of Chevaliers Richard Comyns, GCLJ, and Douglas Gair, GCLJ, in the Govan Old Parish Church, Glasgow. However the Commandery was only officially recognised in 2011 when the Grand Magistral Decree No. 34/11, signed by Carlos Gereda de Borbon, 49 th Grand Master of the Order, was issued to the Grand Bailiwick of Scotland. In 1996, Lt Colonel Robert Gayre of Gayre and Nigg died. His trusteeship of the Scottish Episcopal Chapel of St Vincent was inherited by his son Reinold. Access to the church is no longer open to the Grand Bailiwick. Lord Borthwick died on 30th December 1996, but before doing so, he had appointed Leslie Peters, the Baron of Lee to be his successor as Grand Baillie. Shortly after his appointment, the Baron was in dispute with Chevalier Comyns, who thought he should have been appointed Grand Baillie on Lord Borthwick's death. The outcome was that Chevalier Comyns resigned from the Order. Although the Baron of Lee was only in office for a short period, as he died on 2nd February 2002, his time in office was one of great activity. Shortly before his death he was able to persuade Lord Kinross to succeed him

The Baron of Lee chairing a Grand Bailiwick of Scotland dinner

. Christopher Patrick Balfour, 5th Baron Kinross, appointed Grand Baillie in 2002, proved to be a different leader to his predecessors. He stamped his own personality and style of management on the Grand Bailiwick, mainly through the council, which met in his chambers. His style was to consult on all issues and accept the advice of others, where it was appropriate. During Lord Kinross' time in office, the number of applications for membership of the Order decreased so instead of holding one

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The Modern Order of Saint Lazarus investiture in May and one in October, as had been the practice, only one investiture has since been held each year, usually in May.

The Grand Baillie, the Lord Borthwick of that Ilk.

Lord Kinross

Lord Kinross, recipients of awards and guests at the 2009 investiture

From the beginning, Christmas was celebrated with a carol service held in a different church every year. After the service the congregation would retire to a nearby hotel and enjoy a seasonal festive supper. During Lord Kinross' time as Grand Baillie, the carol service became a permanent feature, weather permitting, in an Edinburgh church. Immediately after the service of carols and lessons, representatives of the chosen charities for the year were presented with cheques, then invited to say a few words about their charities and how the given money would be used. After the

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The Modern Order of Saint Lazarus service and presentations, the congregation still retires to enjoy suitably seasonal festive refreshments.

Lord Kinross presenting a cheque to a representative of the Leprosy Mission.

Occaisionaly a charity that had been recommended would be unable to send a representative. In that case, members from the part of Scotland where the charity is sited would be delegated to make the presentation.

R Mennie and G Young with the children of Kelbourne School

When Lord Kinross retired from his law practice at the end of 2009, he also demitted office as Grand Baillie. During his seven years in office he had guided the Grand Bailiwick through a period of great international change. For two years the Grand Bailiwick was left in the care of the council, while the search for a suitable replacement for the office of Grand Baillie went on. The work of the Jurisdiction continued. Eventually, in 2011, a suitable candidate, in the person of Colonel John L Kelly, MBE, BSc, FRGS, was appointed by the Grand Master.

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The Modern Order of Saint Lazarus

Colonel John L Kelly

Also in 2011, the Grand Master approved the formation of the Commandery of the East of Scotland. The Commandery has instituted an award for the youth of South East Scotland called the "Volunteer in the Community Award". The most recent award was to an eleven year old Selkirk wolf cub who swam over 20 miles, a distance equal to the width of the English Channel between Dover and Calais, in order to raise £3000 to go towards the repair of the local Scout Hall. Since then it has been decided to extend this scheme over the whole country.

Charitable Functions From the beginning the Order in Scotland has always been very active raising money for good causes. Unfortunately, the Hereditary Commandery of Lochore's church and ambulance unit were such a heavy drain on resources which limited giving for charitable purposes. The ambulances needed constant repairs, occasional replacements and insurance cover. One year the church repairs to fabric and furnishings amounted to over £17,000. Lt Colonel Gayre supported the Hereditary Commandery from his own resources. However to raise funds, the Grand Bailiwick held an annual Autumn ball, often in fancy dress or masked. During the ball there was always an auction which in a short period of time contributed a large sum of money for charitable causes. The largest amount ever raised was £9000 in half an hour, but £7000 was often achieved. This was due to the excellent sponsorship that had been organised and the valuable items donated. As well as the annual ball, there was a prestigious black tie dinner, with a guest speaker. The events also included a conversazione and a garden open day. Since then the money raising functions have decreased to an Autumn dinner, although individual members occasionally host functions, with profits donated to the Grand Bailiwick for charitable purposes. The members in the north of Scotland, although not yet formed into a Commandery, are very active.

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The Modern Order of Saint Lazarus Each year a charity dinner with a guest speaker is held in Aberdeen. The money raised is donated to a suitable charity.

Rev J McConnell, R Newton, T Bee, J Bee and L Veitch-Rutherford

G Casely, D Cameron, Prof M Ross (Speaker), and A Thomson at the 2013 Aberdeen DInner

Every summer, usually in August, a social outing to some noteworthy place in Scotland is arranged. This is purely a social event so that members can meet and get to know each other. These events can range across the whole country, from Fort George in the north to New Lanark Model Village, in the south west, a scheme established by mill owner Robert Owen, in the 18 th century, to improve the education and working conditions of his workers.

After lunch coffee in the Officers Mess, Fort George, Morayshire.

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The Modern Order of Saint Lazarus Appendix 1: List of Founder Members as at 30th June 1964 Office

Holder

 

Grand Bailiff Referendary

 

Chancellor

     

Vice-Chancellor Secretary General Director of Ceremonies Sword-Bearer Banner-Bearer Convenor of the ecumenical commission Convenor of the Chivalric Commission Registrar Herald-Painter Depute Piper

     

The Most Noble The Marquis of Huntly, GCLJ. Captain Alexander A A D M Ramsay of Marr, GCLJ, MA, FIAS. The Much Honoured David Wilson Reid of Robertland, KL, KHL, KLJ, MA, Barrister-at-Law. Major The Lord Elibank, KLJ, MA. Rev Hugh Mackay, CLJ, MA, FSA (Scot). Colonel Colin MacLeod of Glendale, OBE, TD, KLJ. The Much Honoured Captain John Hay of Hayfield, KLJ. The Much Honoured The MacNeil of Barra, KLJ. Rev Hugh Mackay, CLJ, MA, FSA (Scot).

   

Nigel Tranter, KLJ. John Russell, OLJ, MA. John MacLeod, OLJ. E Hamish McLaren, OLJ.

   

Knights (KLJ)   

                   

Peter Hamish Armour, MA, LLB, Grand AuditorGeneral of the English Tongue. John MacDonald Bannerman, OBE, JP, LLD, MA. BSc. The Much Honoured Major Borthwick of Borthwick, TD, JP Grand Almoner of the English Tongue. Ilay Campbell the Younger of Succoth. Dr Arthur Melville Clark of Herriotshall and Oxton, DLitt, DPh. Sir Ivor Colquhoun of Luss, Baronet. The Hon Robert Cameron Corbett. Kenneth Charles Corsar of Cairniehill. Major George S Draffen of Newington, MBE, KHL. Aldred Strathallan Dundas Drumond. The Much Honoured Captain Alwyn Arthur Compton Farquharson of Innvercauld, MC, JP. Lt Colonel David William Fraser, OBE. Gulio Enrico Castelli Gair. Reinold J R Gayre of Gayre and Nigg, CL. Ian Anderson Gilmore, MBE. Charles Gordon Goldie, MBE, KHL. The Much Honoured John Hay of Hayfield. Bailie George Hedderwick, JP. The Right Hon The Earl of Kinnoull. William Merrilees, OBE. Sheriff Kenneth W Middleton, The Much Honoured Captain Patrick Munro of Foulis, TD, DL. Colonel Colin S MacLeod of Glendale, OBE, TD.

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     

              

 

Norman MacLeod of Suardal. The Much Honoured Ranald of Clanranald. The Lord Reay. Sir Compton Mackenzie, Kt, OBE, LLD, FRSL. The Much Honoured MacNeil of Barra. Captain John Campbell Harvey Webb Macpherson, CL, Grand Sword Bearer of the English Tongue. Captain The Lord Napier and Ettrick, GCMD. The Much Honoured David Wilson Reid of Robertland, KHL, Chancellor of Scotland. The Much Honoured Captain Rattray of Rattray. Charles Renner. The Lord Rollo and Dunning. Sheriff Charles Campbell Ross, Younger of Ross. Sir Hannibal Publius Scicluna, Kt, MBE, KStJ, KStG, GCMM, GCCN. Lt Colonel Professor T Brown, QC, DCL, LLD, FBA, Captain Anthony Stevenson, MC Archibald Stirling, Younger of Keir. The Right Hon the Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne. The Lord Doune. Major The Lord Elibank, Vice-Chancellor of Scotland. Major D Cargill-Thomson, KStJ. Nigel Tranter. Bruce Edward Arthur Pollard Urquhart. Professor James Young, DSO, MD, FRCSE, FRCOG.


The Modern Order of Saint Lazarus Dames (DLJ)            

Chaplains

Madam Margaret Borthwick of Borthwick. The Countess of Breadalbane. Madam Winifred Paton Corsar of Cairniehill. The Lady Doune. Madam Everid, Baroness Delgatie Hay of Hayfield. Mrs Angela Josephine Hedderwick. Madam Elizabeth MacNeil of Barra. Mrs Sheila Mary Harvey Webb Macpherson. Madam Diana Wilson Reid of Robertland. Madam Beatrice Rosamund Morton Ross of That Ilk, the Younger. Lady Margaret Helen Scicluna, DCMM. Mrs April Agnew-Somerville (nee April Drummond of Megginch) Mrs Eva Macpherson Young.

    

F D Abbott, FRAS, Grand Secretary-General. Dr James R Allan. Mrs M M Allan. Mrs Agnes Elizabeth Armour. John Hugh Borthwick, Younger of Borthwick. James Henry Alexander Borthwick, Younger of Crookston. Councillor William Caird. T G Comrie. Dr John William Lyon Dean. Mrs Ellen Maud Mary Lyon Dean. John Telfer Dunbar, FSA (Scot). Andrew Arthur Laird Evans, MA, LLB. Charles Campbell Gairdner of Lethendy. Mrs Margaret Russell Forest Gilmour. Dr Robert MacLagan Gorrie. Dr Isobel Francis Grant. Miss Elizabeth Renell Cother Harvey-Webb

 

The Rev Professor Edgar Primrose Dickie. The Rev Tom Nicoll Fraser. The Rev R Stuart Loudon, TD, DD. The Rev John Lyford-Pike. The Rev Hugh Mackay, Secretary-General Scotland. The Rev Ronald Selby-Wright, TD, DD, FRSA, FSA(Scot). The Rev Thomas Veitch, Convenor of Ecumenical Commission of the English Tongue. The Rev James Armour. The Very Rev Walter de Voil, Dean of Brechin.

 Commanders (CLJ)                 

 

Madam Dr Moira Anne Leask-Helgesen of Leask. Mrs Margaret Lyford-Pike. Dr Alistair Campbell McLaren, TD, MB, ChB, DPH. Dougals Chalmers Neillands. John Paul. John Reid. Captain A S D Rodger. Lt Colonel Andrew Armitage Shivas. Mrs Isabel Margaret Shivas. Dr Arnold Urquhart Somerville, JP. Mrs Jean L Somerville. Dr T B M Sloan. Dr David John Douglas Stevenson, MA, MB, ChB. Robert Shand Thoms. Mrs Joan Evelyn Veitch.

      

Captain Hugh Macpherson, FSA(Scot). John Ronald Scott Morrison. Ronald MacDonald Robertson, WS. Mrs Janet Macpherson. John Russell, MA, Registrar-General Scotland. Mrs Hope Russell, Christopher Ryland Thomson.

 

William John Mackay, FSA. James Campbell Duder Harvey Webb Macpherson (in minority). Miss Sheena Macpherson. Raymond Stanley Morris. Mrs Margaret Newton Morris. Miss Marjorie Jane Veitch (in minority). Cedric Walter Benedict de Voil (in minority).

           

Officers Companion Fourth Class (OLJ)       

Malcolm John Bevan. Captain Robert Colquhoun Hay, MA, LLB. Miss San Hailary Hibbert. Edward James Bruges Irvine. Captain Peter Douglas Kelley, MM, JP. Eon Hamish McLaren, Piper, Scotland. John Campbell MacLeod, Herald-Painter Depute

Officers Companion Fifth Class (MLJ)       

Mrs Bebe Barwiss-Holliday. Ian McNab Cowe. Mrs Gertrude Mary Cowe. George Maxwell Draffen Younger of Newington (in minority). A Douglas Harper. Noel Seward Macpherson Harvey-Webb (in minority). Miss Margaret Maclennan Mackay.

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    


The Modern Order of Saint Lazarus Appendix 2: The Early Leaders of the Order in Scotland 1. Lieutenant Colonel Gayre of Gayre and Nigg George Robert Gair was born in Dublin on 6th August 1907 to Mary O'Connor the wife of William Gillies Gair. There is no information as to where he went to school, but he read Geography at Edinburgh University, graduating with an M A. He went on to undertake postgraduate studies in anthropology at Exeter College, Oxford and lectured in Germany. While there, he produced reports on military preparations for MI 6. An army reservist, he was recalled to the Colours in 1939 and served with the British Expeditionary Force in France as a Lieutenant Colonel in the Royal Artillery. In 1943 he was appointed director of Education in the Allied Control Commission for Italy, based in Naples, and later Chief of Religious Affairs for the German Planning Unit, Supreme Headquarters Allied Expeditionary Force. In 1954 Lt Col Gayre moved to India as Professor of Anthropogeography at Saugar University. During his time there he became a Fellow of the National Academy of Science of India and was appointed as an advisor to the Tribal Commissioner of India. In 1943 he adopted the spelling of his name as Gayre and in 1957, after the death of his father, had it changed legally to Gayre and Nigg. On buying the Barony of Lochore from the National Coal Board, he adopted the title Baron of Lochoreshire. A prolific writer, he is well known for his books on Heraldry, Mead and Racial Studies. In 1960 he founded "Mankind Quarterly", which was a vehicle for his "academic investigations" of the relative merits of different races. In 1972 Lt Col Gayre bought the Torri Ta Lanzum in Malta and very generously donated it to the Commandery of the Castello in 1973. It was officially opened as the Headquarters of the Order in 1973 by the late Grand Master, H E Don Francesco de Borb贸n y Borb贸n. In 1983 his wife of fifty years died. During the 1980s Lt Colonel Gayre suffered a number of strokes and finally died in 1996. During his life, he lived mostly on the Isle of Man although he had bought Minard Castle on Loch Fyne, Argyllshire, where most of his art collection was kept.

2. Captain Alexander Ramsay of Mar Alexander Arthur Alfonso David Maule Ramsay was born in Clarence House, London on 21st December 1919. His mother was the former Princess Patricia of Connaught, granddaughter of Queen Victoria, who voluntarily renounced her title when she married Captain the Honourable Alexander Robert Maule Ramsay, RN. His christening was held in the Chapel Royal, St James's Palace, in the presence of King George V and Queens Mary and Alexandra, Princess Louise the Duchess of Argyll and Princess Christian, his godmother, both daughters of Queen Victoria. Other sponsors were the Prince of Wales (later to become King Edward VIII) and King Alfonso of Spain. He was also closely related to the Swedish, Norwegian and Danish royal families through his aunt, Princess Margaret of Connaught who was the first wife of King Gustav IV of Sweden. When 62 | P a g e


The Modern Order of Saint Lazarus young, he was a playmate of the present Queen Elizabeth II and was a Page of Honour in 1937 at the Coronation of King George VI. Educated at Eton, he was commissioned into the Grenadier Guards in 1937. During World War II he was in Tunisia where, as the result of a wound sustained during a tank battle, he lost his right leg below the knee. Thereafter he used an artificial limb, which never stopped him wearing the kilt. In 1944 he was appointed ADC to the Duke of Gloucester, who was the Governor General of Australia. Knowing that he would inherit the Mar estate, near Balmoral, on leaving the army in 1947, he went up to Trinity College, Oxford, and read Agriculture. Early during his first term he requested permission of the Dean of the College to miss a tutorial to attend the wedding of his cousin. The Dean was most disapproving until informed that the cousin was Princess Elizabeth. Unfortunately, death duties forced the sale of most of his estate, but he was permitted to add the Mar style to his name. In 1956, after receiving Royal consent, he married Flora Fraser, who later succeeded to her father's titles as Lady Saltoun and chief of Clan Fraser. They lived at her ancestral seat, Cairnbulg Castle, Fraserburgh, Aberdeenshire. In 1971 he was made Deputy Lieutenant of the County. For more than thirty years he was chairman of the executive committee of the Scottish lifeboat society. In 1959 he was the vice-patron of the Braemar Royal Highland Games. On 20th December 2000 he died and was survived by his wife and three daughters. At the time of his death, he was one of five surviving great-grandchildren of Queen Victoria. Although he never had a title, he was always considered to be a member of the royal family.

3. 23rd Lord Borthwick of Borthwick, Baron of Heriotmuir, 17th Laird of Crookston, Hereditary Royal Falconer in Scotland John Henry Stuart Borthwick was born on 13th September 1905 in Borthwick Castle, Midlothian, Scotland. His mother was Milena Florence Prince, who was married to Henry Borthwick of that Ilk, 16th Laird of Crookston, the junior branch of the family. He was educated at Fettes College, Edinburgh, and took a diploma in Agriculture at King's College, Newcastle upon Tyne, which used to be part of Durham University. On 8th January 1938 he married Margaret Frances Cormack. Commissioned into the Royal Artillery in 1939, he was involved in the air defence of Birmingham and also the defence of the Clyde against any sea borne attack. In 1943, while waiting embarkation, he suffered a severe allergic reaction to a vaccination and ended up in hospital. This saved his life because the ship he should have been on was torpedoed with the complete loss of the lives of all who were on her. He had a distinguished career in the North West European campaign; ending the war as a Lieutenant Colonel on the allied military government staff, as GSo1 in charge of Nordrhein Westphalen.

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The Modern Order of Saint Lazarus

Borthwick Castle, Midlothian

When released from the army, he returned to the Scottish Borders and took up sheep and cattle farming. In 1963 he became an elected member of parliament and in 1965 he was made the deputy Lieutenant of Midlothian. From 1970 until 1972 he was the highly regarded president of the West Lothian and Midlothian Area Farmers' Union. It was only after his wife's death in March 1976 that he decided to lay claim to the title that had lain dormant since 1910. Crucial evidence for his claim was found in the Vatican. He succeeded to the title 23rd Lord Borthwick of Borthwick after the Lord Lyon, Scotland's regulator of titles and honours ruled that he had proved his rights as "heir male of the body of William, first Lord Borthwick, to the armorial rights and peerage titles". Lord Borthwick died after a short illness on 30th December 1996, leaving twin sons.

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The Modern Order of Saint Lazarus - Part 2  

National Jurisdictions

The Modern Order of Saint Lazarus - Part 2  

National Jurisdictions

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