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15

2 kgçavitrNI ¦matikdækfa GdækfaRB¼átiemakç 3 sumg:lvilasnI GdækfaTIXnikay 4 bbBa©sUTnI GdækfamCÄimnikay 5 sartSb,kasinI GdækfasMyutþnikay 6 menarfbUrNI GdækfaGg:útþrnikay 7 brmtSeCatika GdækfaxuTÞkáz£ nigsutþniát 8 FmμbTdækfa GdækfaFmμbT 9 Catkdækfa GdækfaCatk 10 GdæsalinI GdækfaFmμsg:NIbkrN_ 11 semμahvienaTnI GdækfaviPg:bkrN_ 12

bBa©krNdækfa

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RáMKm<Ir KW Fatukfa kfavtSú buK:lb,BaØtþi ymk nigbdæan . 13 visuT§imK: bkrN_viesseBaleday sIl smaFi bBaØa . 14 jaeNaT&y EtgmunkalenA}NÐa c,ab´edImGnþrFanehIy . 15

britþdækfa

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c,ab´edImGnþþrFan

ehIy . RB¼Km<IrTaMgen¼ ánCaRbeyaCn_d¾éRkElg cMeBa¼mnusßkñúgRbeTs epßg @ elakeBalTukfa Km<IrTaMgGs´eRbIeBlevlaRtwmEt 1 qñaM k¾án seRmc ánekItesckþIGs©arü sUm,IEpndIk¾keRmIkjab´j&r .

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16

lT§plkargar vNÑkmμrbs´RB¼BuT§eXas£ GñksikßaPasaálI TUeTA ánsresIr nigrab´Ganelakfa CaburaNacarüy¨agsMxan´éRkElg rbs´elak .

3

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17

raynamelakGñkman]bkar³ 3

elakRKÚGKÁbNÐitFmμacarü b‘ut savgS elakRKÚFmμbNÐit rs; supat elakRKÚviniyacarü KaM GuIv ])ask k¥at h‘n ])ask nak; em:A ])ask TMu TYn ])ask huk swghYt ])ask Cwm CMnit ])ask ekIt Titü ])ask sn m:arDI ])ask hay cMerIn ])ask Gwum ér:y:a ])ask suRk h‘t ])ask esam rtn³ ])ask sM qay ])ask em:A pun ])ask Ca suI)an ])asika fab; elOm ])asika hay sar:at; ])asika b‘ut sum:alI ])asika ys sm,tþi ])asika BU h‘ag ])asika b‘ut esdadYg ])asika Eb:n rmNI RBmTaMgBuT§bris½Tkñúg nigeRkARbeTs 3

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18

raynamGñkERbsRmÜl 3

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])ask hay cMerIn ])ask Guwm ér:y:a ])ask eXOm saer:n

3

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19

btþiTankfa 3 kareroberog ERbsRmÜlGdækfaRBHéRtbidkCaexmrPasa edIm,I bUCacMeBaHRBHrtnéRt mü:ageTotedIm,Itmál;TukCasm,tþivb,Fm’Cati nigCa cMENkcUlrYmkñúgkartaMgenAénRBHsT§mμKRmb; 5>000 RBHvsSa . eyIg´CaRkúmERbsRmÜlGdækfa sUmelIknUvbuNükuslEdlekIt eLIgGMBIkargarenH H]TÞisfVay nigeKarBCUn ³ -RBHmhavrkSRt nigmhavrkSRtiyanI -RBHmhakSRténRBHraCaNacRkkm<úCa -semþcRBHsgÇraCTaMgBIrKN³ -matabitaéneyIg´TaMgGs;Kña -elakRKÚGKÁbNÐitFmμcarü b‘ut savgS -elakRKÚFmμbNÐit rs; supat -sBVmuxm®nþIraCkar nigRbCanura®sþénkm<úCrdæ -sBVstVTaMgGs;kñúgRt½yPB sUmelakeRtkGr GnuemaTnanUvcMENkbuNüenH sUmGnuemaTna ¡>>>>> Rkúmeroberog nigERbsRmÜl

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20

Gdð k za sM y u t þ n i k ay sKazvK< bfmPaK rY m man

eTvtasMyutþ eTvbutþsMyutþ ekaslsMyutþ marsMyutþ srub ³ man 4 sMyutþ

man 8 vKÁ man 3 vKÁ man 3 vKÁ man 3 vKÁ

esμInwg esμInwg esμInwg esμInwg

81 30 25 25

sURt sURt sURt sURt

man 17 vKÁ esμInwg 161 sURt minmanRBHGdækfaEkesckþI 16 sURt rts

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21

matikaFm’

eQμa¼Fm’ GarmÖkza

eTvtasMyutþ nLvK< TI 1

Gdækfa Gdækfa Gdækfa Gdækfa Gdækfa Gdækfa Gdækfa Gdækfa Gdækfa Gdækfa

»XtrNsURt niemakçsURt ]benyüsURt Gec©nþisURt KticäinÞisURt CaKrsURt Gb,diviTitsURt susmμúdæsURt manHkamsURt GrBaØsURt

nnÞnvK< TI 2

Gdækfa Gdækfa Gdækfa Gdækfa

nnÞnsURt nnÞisURt ntßibutþsmsURt xtþiysURt

TMB&r 1

TI 1 TI 2 TI 3 TI 4 TI 5 TI 6 TI 7 TI 8 TI 9 TI 10

6

TI 1 TI 2 TI 3 TI 4

89

61 65 71 73 75 77 79 80 85

96 101 104

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22

Gdækfa Gdækfa Gdækfa Gdækfa Gdækfa Gdækfa

skmansURt niTÞatnÞisURt TukársURt hirisURt kudikasURt smiT§isURt

TI 5 TI 6 TI 7 TI 8 TI 9 TI 10

107

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150

110 112 116 118 121

stivK< TI 3

Gdækfa Gdækfa Gdækfa Gdækfa Gdækfa Gdækfa Gdækfa Gdækfa Gdækfa Gdækfa

stuløb|kayivK< TI 4

Gdækfa sBÖisURt

TI 1

153 155 162 165 169 171 172 174 177

180

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23

Gdækfa Gdækfa Gdækfa Gdækfa Gdækfa Gdækfa Gdækfa Gdækfa Gdækfa

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GaTitþvK< TI 5

Gdækfa Gdækfa Gdækfa Gdækfa Gdækfa Gdækfa Gdækfa Gdækfa Gdækfa Gdækfa

GaTitþsURt kinÞTsURt GnñsURt ÉkmUlsURt GenamiysURt Gc©rasURt vnerabsURt eCtvnsURt mcärisURt XdikrsURt

TI 1 TI 2 TI 3 TI 4 TI 5 TI 6 TI 7 TI 8 TI 9 TI 10

193 205 213 218 228 231 260 271 273

275 277 282 283 285 287 296 298 301 305

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24

CravK< TI 6

Gdækfa CrasURt TI 1 Gdækfa GCrsasURt TI 2 Gdækfa mitþsURt TI 3 Gdækfa vtßúsURt TI 4 Gdækfa bzmCnsURt TI 5 minmanGdækfa TutiyCnsURt TI 6 minmanGdækfa ttiyCnsURt TI 7 Gdækfa ]b,fsURt TI 8 Gdækfa TutiysURt TI 9 Gdækfa kvisURt TI 10

308 311 312 314 315 316 317 318 319 320

GnÆvK< TI 7

Gdækfa namsURt TI 1 Gdækfa citþsURt TI 2 minmanGdækfa tNØasURtTI 3 Gdækfa seBaØaCnsURt TI 4 minmanGdækfa Bn§nsURt TI 5 Gdækfa GBaÖhtsURt TI 6 Gdækfa ]DÐitsURt TI 7 minmanGdækfa bhitsURtTI 8

322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329

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25

minmanGdækfa \cäasURt TI 9 Gdækfa elaksURt TI 10 XtVavK< TI 8

Gdækfa Gdækfa Gdækfa Gdækfa Gdækfa Gdækfa Gdækfa Gdækfa Gdækfa Gdækfa Gdækfa

XtVasURt rfsURt vitþsURt vudæisURt PItsURt nCirtisURt \sSrsURt kamsURt )efyüsURt beC¢atsURt GrNsURt

TI 1 TI 2 TI 3 TI 4 TI 5 TI 6 TI 7 TI 8 TI 9 TI 10 TI 11

330 331

333 335 336 338 341 344 346 348 349 350 351

eTvbutþsMyutþ ksSbvK< TI 1

Gdækfa bzmksSbsURt TI 1 Gdækfa TutiyksSbsURt TI 2 Gdækfa maXsURt TI 3 minmanGdækfa maKFsURtTI 4

353 357 359

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26

Gdækfa Gdækfa Gdækfa Gdækfa Gdækfa Gdækfa

TamlisURt TI 5 kamTsURt TI 6 bBa©alcNÐsURt TI 7 taynsURt TI 8 cnÞimsURt TI 9 suriysURt TI 10

360 362 366 368 371 372

GnazbiNÐikvK< TI 2

Gdækfa cnÞimssURt TI 1 Gdækfa evNÐúsURt TI 2 Gdækfa TIXldæisURt TI 3 Gdækfa nnÞnsURt TI 4 Gdækfa cnÞnsURt TI 5 minmanGdækfa vasuTtþsURtTI 6 Gdækfa suRBhμsURt TI 7 Gdækfa kkuFsURt TI 8 minmanGdækfa ]tþrsURt TI 9 minmanGdækfa GnafbiNÐiksURt TI 10

375 376 377 378 380 382 383 387 389

nanatitæiyvK< TI 3

minmanGdækfa sivsURt TI 1

390

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27

Gdækfa exmsURt TI 2 Gdækfa esrIsURt TI 3 minmanGdækfa XdikarsURtTI 4 Gdækfa CnþúsURt TI 5 Gdækfa erahitsSsURt TI 6 minmanGdækfa nnÞsURt TI 7 minmanGdækfa nnÞivisalsURtTI 8 Gdækfa susimsURt TI 9 Gdækfa nanatitßiysURt TI 10

391 392 395 396 400 404 404 405 422

ekaslsMyutþ ThrvK< TI 1

Gdækfa Gdækfa Gdækfa Gdækfa Gdækfa Gdækfa Gdækfa Gdækfa Gdækfa Gdækfa

ThrsURt burissURt raCsURt biysURt GtþrkçitsURt Gb,ksURt GtßkrNsURt mløikasURt yBaØsURt Bn§nsURt

TI 1 TI 2 TI 3 TI 4 TI 5 TI 6 TI 7 TI 8 TI 9 TI 10

429 447 448 454 454 455 456 458 461 474

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28

CdilvK< TI 2

Gdækfa Gdækfa Gdækfa Gdækfa Gdækfa Gdækfa Gdækfa Gdækfa Gdækfa Gdækfa

CdilsURt TI 1 bBa©raCsURt TI 2 eTaN)ksURt TI 3 bzmsgÁamvtßúsURtTI 4 TutiysgÁamvtßúsURtTI 5 FItusURt TI 6 bzmGb,maTsURtTI 7 TutiyGb,maTsURtTI 8 bzmabutþksURt TI 9 TutiybutþksURt TI 10

478 486 491 495 498 500 502 504 513 516

buK<lvK< TI 3

Gdækfa buKÁlsURt TI 1 Gdækfa GyüikasURt TI 2 minmanGdækfa elaksURtTI 3 Gdækfa \sStßsURt TI 4 Gdækfa bBVetabmsURt TI 5

521 525 527 528 535

marsMyutþ te:kmμvK< TI 1

Gdækfa te)kmμsURt

TI 1

540

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29

Gdækfa naKsURt TI 2 Gdækfa suPsURt TI 3 Gdækfa bzm)ssURt TI 4 Gdækfa Tutiy)ssURt TI 5 Gdækfa sb,sURt TI 6 Gdækfa sub,tisURt TI 7 minmanGdækfa nnÞnsURt TI 8 Gdækfa bzmGayusURt TI 9 Gdækfa TutiyGayusURt TI 10 :saNvK< TI 2

Gdækfa Gdækfa Gdækfa Gdækfa Gdækfa Gdækfa Gdækfa Gdækfa Gdækfa Gdækfa

)saNsURt sIhsURt skliksURt bdirUbsURt manssURt btþsURt GaytnsURt biNÐsURt ksSksURt rC¢sURt

TI 1 TI 2 TI 3 TI 4 TI 5 TI 6 TI 7 TI 8 TI 9 TI 10

544 547 548 550 554 557 560 561 563

564 565 566 568 570 571 573 574 578 581

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30

sm¬hulvK< TI 3

Gdækfa Gdækfa Gdækfa Gdækfa Gdækfa

sm<hulsURt smiT§isURt eKaFiksURt stþvsSsURt marFItusURt

TI 1 TI 2 TI 3 TI 4 TI 5

584 586 588 594 598

3

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-1- GarmÖkfa Gdð k za su t þ n þ b i d k sM y u t þ n i k ay eQμ a H

sartæb|kasinI elx 29

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-2- sartßb,kasinI Gdækfa sMyutþnikay sKafvKÁÁ RBHZm(d*RbesIrenaHedaysirsa . x\úMsUmbegÁannms,ar edaysi r sacM e BaHRBHGri y sg¹

CaBY k énRBHGri y ;

bu K < l sU m |I T aM g 8 BY k Cabu R tEdlekI t BI R BHór;rbs´ RBHsu K t CaGñ k jaM j I ú n U v mar ni g esnamar . bu N üÉNaseRmcehI y edaykarRkabzV a ybg< M R BHrtnRt& y rbs´x\úMGñkmancitþRCHzøaehIy edayRbkardUecñH edayGanuPaBénbuNü enaH x\ ú M C aGñ k manGnþ r ayEdlkm© a t´ l Á e hI y Gdð k zaNa EdlRBHxI N aRsB 500 Gg< CaGñ k CM n aj EbkZø a ykñ ú g bdi s mÖ i T arY m Kñ a cg RkgehI y taM g BI b fmsg< a ynatmk mankarcgRkgBI r elI k eT[t KW kñ ú g Tu t i y -tti y sg< a yna edI m |I R bkasesckþ I r bs´ b krN¾ s M y u t þ ni k ayd* R besI r EdlRbdab´ e dayvK< é nsM y u t þ E dlEckjaNepSg> EdlRBHsm¬ ú T Æ

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-3- GarmÖkfa ERbCaPasamKZ; EdlCaPasaCaTIrIkray RtwmRtÚvtamreb[bRBH:lI minmanPasadéTRcbUkRcbl´layLM minCMTas´RTwsþIrbs´RBHezr;TaMg LayGñ k enAkñ ú g mhavi h ar RBHezr;TaM g enaH dU c CaRbTI b énezrvgS Ca Gñ k vi n i c ä & y GZi k rN¾ d * l Á i t lÁ n ´ nw g kat´ e sckþ I E dldEdl> ecj nw g Rbkasesckþ I G dð k zasM y u t þ n i k ayenH edI m |I e sckþ I r I k ray eRtkGr rbs´ s aZu C n ni g edI m |I t aM g enAGs´ k alyU r énRBHZm( . karBN( n aNa EdleZV I T u k kñ ú g RBHnKrTaM g Lay Edlbnþ C ab´ mkBI R BHnKrsavtæ I xageRkay:ncgRkgBI r elI k eT[tenaH :n»za er]gTaM g Lay ni g RBHBu T Æ v cn;EdleJlTu k kñ ú g RBHnKrenaH RbRBw t þ eTAedayBi s þ a r x\ ú M n w g eJlGdð k zaenaHkñ ú g TI e nH nw g mi n eJloBi s þ a r eBkeT cM E NkGdð k zaénRBHsU R tBY k Naev[rcaker]g rEmgmi n Cak´ c|as´ edI m |I e sckþ I C ak´ c |as´ é nRBHsU R tenaH x\ ú M k * n w g sEmþ g er]gTaM g enaH

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-4- sartßb,kasinI Gdækfa sMyutþnikay sKafvKÁÁ Zatu Gaytn; «®nÞ i y Gri y sc© 4 bdi c © s mu b |aT eTsnaEdlCa RBH:lI mann& y d* l Á i t lÁ n ´ ni g vi b sSnaPavna JküEdleJlmk enHTaM g Gs´ x\ ú M e JlTu k kñ ú g vi s u T Æ i m K< e hI y y¨ a gbri s u T Æ i l Á eRJHdU e cñ a H kñ ú g TI e nH nw g mi n Bi c arNaer]gTaM g Gs´ e naHeT[t k* e RJHKm¬ I r vi s u T Æ i m K< Edlx\ ú M r cnaTu k

edayRbkardU c eJlmkenHÉg

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ehI y nw g RCabesckþ I t amEdlBw g GaRs& y Km¬ I r sM y u t þ -

ni k ayenaH:n . kñ ú g RBHKm¬ I r TaM g enaH Km¬ I r eQμ a Hza sM y u t þ n i k ay man 5 vK< KW

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-5- GarmÖkfa sU R tza Évemμ su t M CaedI m EdlRBHGannÞ e tæ r eJlTu k kñ ú g evlaeZV I bfmmhasg< I t i e naH

manni T anCaxagedI m

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RBHGdð kzacarü :neZV I oBis þarTukkñú gxagedImrbs´ Gdð kzaTIXnikaysu m g< l vi l asi n I

eRJHdU e cñ a H

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-6- sartßb,kasinI Gdækfa sMyutþnikay sKafvKÁÁ nLvK<TI 1 eTvtasM y u t þ G dð k za OXtrNsU R tTI 1 OXtrNsU R t Kb|I R Cabvi n i c ä & y kñ ú g OXtrNsU R tTI 1 én nLvK< dU e cñ H ?

[ 1 ] bTza Évemμ su t M CaedI m enH Cani T an . kñ ú g bTTaM g enaH Jküza ÉvM Cas& B Þ n i : t . bTza

em CaedI m CabTnam . Jküza

vi kñ ú g bTza savtæ i y M vi h rti enH Cas& B Þ ó bsK< . bTza hrti CabTGaxüat Kb|I R CabkarEckbTedayn& y enHmu n .

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-7- Gdækfa nLvKÁ »XtrNsURt TI 1 karTTY l Jkü Gakar JkücgÁ ú l bgØ a j JkükM N t´ B i t R:kd Bi t y¨ a genaH . ÉvM s& B Þ e nH Edlmkkñ ú g Jküóbma kñ ú g RbeyaKman ÉvM s& B Þ CaxagedI m za ÉvM Caetn mec© n ktþ B V M ku s lM BhM u ERbza stV EdlekI t ehI y

Etgsø a b´ C aZmμ t a

eRBaHdU e cñ a H

Kb|I s agku s lo

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mu N Ð k sS smNksS vNÑ M P asti ERbza k* R sI e zakTabenH rEmg

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-8- sartßb,kasinI Gdækfa sMyutþnikay sKafvKÁÁ eJlsresI r smN;RtegalenaH y¨ a genH y¨ a genH mi n za Rtg´ T I NamY y . ÉvM s& B Þ Edlmkkñ ú g karTTY l Jkü dU c kñ ú g RbeyaKEdlman JküCaedI m za ÉvM Penþ t i exa et Pi k ¡ Ú PKveta bc© e sSasu M ERbza Pi k ¡ ú T aM g enaH :nnaM K ñ a TTY l RBHtRmas´ r bs´ R BHmanRBHPaKza y¨ a g enaHÉgRBHGg< . ÉvM

s& B Þ E dlmkkñ ú g Gakar

dU c kñ ú g RbeyaKEdlmanJküCa

edI m za ÉvM Büaexa GhM Penþ PKvta Zmμ M eTsi t M GaCanami ERbza x\ ú M R BHGg< e Jly¨ a genaHBi t RBHGg< x\ ú M R BHGg< r EmgRCabTU e TAdl´ Z m( EdlRBHmanRBHPaKRTg´ s Emþ g Tu k ehI y . ÉvM s&B Þ E dlmkkñ ú gJkücgÁúl bgØ aj dUckñú gRbeyaKmanJkü CaedI m za Éhi t V M maNvk .eb. ÉvBa© veThi saZu ki r PvM GanenÞ a eyn

su P sSmaNvsS

etaeTyübu t þ s S

ni e vsnM

etnu b sg, m tu

Gnu k m|M ó:Tay ERbza mkenHmaNBtU c Gñ k ÉgcU r cU l eTArkRBH smN;eQμ a HGannÞ e hI y TU l sY r dl´ e sckþ I m anGaBaZti c esckþ I

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-9- Gdækfa nLvKÁ »XtrNsURt TI 1 lM : kti c esckþ I r h& s rhY n esckþ I m ankmø a M g esckþ I e nAsb|ay edayJkürbs´ e yI g za su P maNBetaeTyübu R t sU m sY r RBHGannÞ dl´ esckþ I manGaBaZti c esckþIl M:kti c esckþIrh& srhYn esckþI enAsb|ay ni g cU r eJly¨ a genHza sU m RbTanOkas sU m RBHGannÞ cU r Gnu e RKaHcU l eTAkan´ n i e vsn¾ r bs´ s u P maNBetaeTyübu R tcu H . ÉvM s& B Þ Edlmkkñ ú g GvZarN; KW JkükM N t´ E dlBi t R:kd dU c kñ ú g RbeyaKEdlmanJküCaedI m za tM kw mBa¦ z kalama .eb. ÉvM ena Étæ ehati ERbza mñ a lGñ k kalam;TaM g Lay Gñ k sm< a l´ esckþ I e naHdU c emþ c

Zm( T aM g enH

Caku s l

ßGku s l

CaGku s l

RBHGg< maneTas ßmi n maneTas maneTasRBHGg< bNÐ i t ti H ed[l ßsresI r bNÐ i t ti H ed[lRBHGg< Zm( e nHbu K < l smaTanoeRcI n ehI y rEmgRbRBw t þ e TAedI m |I e sckþ I m i n CaRbeyaCn¾ edI m |I T u k ¡ ß eT ßGñ k yl´ y¨ a gNa kñ ú g esckþ I e nH Zm( T aM g enH bu K < l smaTanobribUN( ehIy rEmgRbRBw tþe TAedIm|IesckþImi n CYyse®g<aH

edI m |I T u k ¡

kñ ú g esckþ I e nH

BY k x\ ú M R BHGg< e XI j y¨ a genH RBHGg< .

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-10- sartßb,kasinI Gdækfa sMyutþnikay sKafvKÁÁ ÉvM s& B Þ e nH kñ ú g TI e nHbNÐ i t Kb|I e XI j za eRbI k ñ ú g Gtæ 3 y¨ a g KW kñ ú g Gakar ni T sSn; GvZarN; . bNþ a Gtæ

3

y¨ a genaH

RBHGannÞ

rEmgsEmþ g esckþ I e nH

eday ÉvM s& B Þ EdlmanGakarCaGtæ za RBHtRmas´rbs´ RBHmanRBHPaKenaH lÁ i t lÁ n ´ e dayn& y epSg> taM g eLI g edayGZüaRs& y mi n Emn ti c sm|Ú r N¾ e dayGtæ ni g BüJ¢ n ; man:di h arüepSg> RCaleRCA edayZm( Gtæ eTsna ni g bdi e vZ mkkan´ K nø g énesatRKadM b U g KY r dl´ k arsi k SaedayPasarbs´ e r[g> xø Ü n énstV T aM g enaH Gñ k Nahñ @ nw g Gacyl´ : nedayRbkarTaM g BY g sU m |I n w g oekI t esckþ I R :zñ a edI m |I nw g sþ a b´ edaykarTaM g BY g za x\ ú M s þ a b´ m ky¨ a genH KW sU m |I x \ ú M s þ a b´ m k ehI y edayGakarEtmü¨ a g . RBHGannÞ k alnw g edaHxø Ü n za x\ ú M m i n EmnsymÖ Ú RBHsU R tenH x\ ú M mi n :neZV I o Cak´ c |as´ eTI b sEmþ g RBHsU R tTaM g Gs´ E dlsmKY r eJl kñ ú g kal«LÚ v enHza Évemμ su t M KW z a sU m |I x \ ú M k * s þ a b´ m kehI y y¨ a genH eday ÉvM s& B Þ Edlmanni T sSn;CaGtæ .

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-11- Gdækfa nLvKÁ »XtrNsURt TI 1 RBHGannÞ kalsEmþ g kmø a M g KW karRTRTg´ c aM r bs´ x ø Ü n Edl smKY r dl´ P av; EdlRBHmanRBHPaKRtas´ s resI r y¨ a genHza mñ a l Pi k ¡ ú T aM g LayGannÞ e nH CaGñ k RbesI r CagPi k ¡ ú T aM g Lay EdlCasavk rbs´ t zaKtEpñ k Bhu s SÚ t manKti mansti mankarRTRTg´ c aM Caóbdð a k ni g RBHZmμ e snabtI e JlTu k y¨ a genHza RBHGannÞ q ø a tkñ ú g Gtæ qø a tkñ ú g Zm( qø a tkñ ú g BüJ¢ n ; qø a tkñ ú g ni r u t þ i qø a tkñ ú g JküxagedI m ni g xagcug dUecñH kaljúaMgnUvesckþIR:zñanwgsþab´rbs´stVTaMgLayekIt eLI g eTI b eJlza Évemμ su t M ERbza x\ ú M s þ a b´ m kehI y y¨ a genH Jkü enaHÉg mi n xV H mi n elI s edayGtæ ßeJlGM B I B üJ¢ n ;y¨ a genHb¨ u e NÑ a H mi n KY r eXI j Cay¨ a gdéT edays& B Þ z a ÉvM EdlmanGvZarN;CaGtæ enH .

eJlGM B I em s& B Þ em s& B Þ R :kdkñ ú g Gtæ 3 y¨ a g . Bi t y¨ a genaH em s& B Þ man Gtæ z a mya dU c kñ ú g RbeyaKEdlmanJküCaedI m za Kaza Pi K I t emμ GePaCeBa¦ n yüM ERbza ePaCnEdl:nmkeRJHkareRc{g eyI g mi n

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-12- sartßb,kasinI Gdækfa sMyutþnikay sKafvKÁÁ KY r bri e PaK . em s& B Þ manGtæ z a myØ M dU c kñ ú g Rb eyaKCaedI m za saZu em Penþ PKvasg¡ i e tþ n Zmμ M e Testu ERbza bBi R tRBHGg< d * c eRmI n sU m RbTanRBHverakas sU m RBHmanRBHPaKcU r sEmþ g Zm( e dayseg¡ b dl´ x\ ú M R BHGg< c u H . em s& B Þ manGtæ z a mm dU c kñ ú g RbeyaKza Zmμ T ayaTa em Pi k ¡ e v Pvz CaedI m ERbza mñ a lPi k ¡ ú T aM g Lay BY k Gñ k cU r CaZmμ T ayaTrbs´ t zaKt Etkñ ú g TI e nH KY r eRbI k ñ ú g Gtæ 2 y¨ a g KW mya su t M ERbza x\ ú M s þ a b´ m kehI y ni g mm su t M ERbza karsþ a b´ r bs´ x \ ú M .

eJlGM B I su t s& B Þ su t s& B Þ kñ ú g bTza su t M enH Cas& B Þ m anóbsK< ni g mi n man óbsK<

EckGtæ : neRcI n

dU c Gtæ z a

kareTA

R:kdehI y

teRmk

snSM xV l ´ x V a y sTÞ a rmμ N ¾ Edldw g :ndayesat; ni g dw g tamvi z I énesatTV a rCaedI m . Bi t dU e cñ a H su t s& B Þ e nH manGtæ z a eTA dU c kñ ú g RbeyaKza esnaybsu e ta CaedI m ERbza esnaXø a teTA .

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-13- Gdækfa nLvKÁ »XtrNsURt TI 1 su t s& B Þ manGtæ z a manZm( E dlR:kdehI y kñ ú g RbeyaK za

su t Zmμ s S

bsSeta

CaedI m

ERbza

manZm( E dlsþ a b´ e hI y

eXI j ehI y . su t s& B Þ manGtæ z a TTw k edayraK; ni g mi n TTw k edayraK; dU c kñ ú g RbeyaKza GvsSú t a GnvsSú t sS CaedI m ERbza Pi k ¡ ú n I m an teRmkcM e JHbu K < l Edlmi n manteRmk . su t

s& B Þ

manGtæ z a

snSM

kñ ú g RbeyaKza

tu e mØ h i

bu B a¦ M

bsu t M Gnb|kM CaedI m ERbza bu N ümi n Emnti c EdlelakTaM g Lay snSM e hI y . su t s& B Þ manGtæ z a xV l ´ x V a y KW karRbkber]y> kñ ú g Qan dU c RbeyaKza ey Qanbsu t a ZI r a CaedI m ERbza Gñ k R:C\ T aM g LayBY k Na xV l ´ x V a yehI y kñ ú g Qan . su t s& B Þ manGtæ z a sTÞ a rmμ N ¾ Edlbu K < l Kb|I d w g eday esat; dU c kñ ú g RbeyaKza Ti d ð M su t M mu t M CaedI m ERbza rU b Edl eyI g eXI j ehI y sM e LgEdleyI g »ehI y BY k bI é nZm( E dleyI g RCab

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-14- sartßb,kasinI Gdækfa sMyutþnikay sKafvKÁÁ ehI y . su t s& B Þ e nH manGtæ z a dw g tamTV a rénesatTV a r ni g RTRTg´ c aM tamEdlxø Ü n dw g ehI y

dU c kñ ú g RbeyaKza

su t Zera

su t snñ i c eya

CaedI m ERbza RTRTg´ T u k nU v su t ; snSM T u k nU v su t ; Etkñ ú g TI e nHman Gtæ za cUleTARTRTg´ T ukehIy ßza karcUl eTARTRTg´Tu k edayRkEs énesatTV a r . k* k alGtæ é n em s& B Þ za mya k* n w g Rbkbesckþ I :nza x\ ú M : nsþ a b´ m kehI y cU l eTARTRTg´ T u k ehI y tamvi z I é nesatTV a r kal em s& B Þ esμ I n w g mm k* n w g Rbkbesckþ I : nza karsþ a b´ KW karcU l eTARTRTg´ T u k edayRkEsénesatTV a rrbs´ e yI g dU e cñ H . bNþ a bTTaM g 3 enH edayRbkardU c eJlmkenH bTza ÉvM CabTsEmþ g ki c © rbs´ v i J ¦ a N esatvi J ¦ a NCaedI m . bTza em Ca bTsEmþ g dl´ b u K < l Edlmankardl´ R Bmedayvi J ¦ a N

Edlxø Ü n :n

sþ a b´ m kehI y . bTza su t M CabTsEmþ g dl´ k arTTY l Tu k edaymi n xV Hmin elIs ni gmi n vi brit edayPaBCaGñ kmin bdiesZcMe JHkarmin :n sþ a b´ m k . mY y eT[t bTza ÉvM CabTRbkasPav;Edlvi z I é nvi J ¦ a N

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-15- Gdækfa nLvKÁ »XtrNsURt TI 1 enaH RbRBwt þeTAtamRkEsénesatTVar CaZmμ CatiRbRBwtþ e TAkñú gGarmμN¾ edayRbkarepSg> . bTza em CabTRbkasxøÜn . bTza sut M CabT RbkasZm( . k* kñ ú gRBH:lIe nH manesckþI seg¡ bdUe cñ Hza x\úMmin :neZVI v tæúdéT eRkAGM B I v tæ ú e nH KW z a x\ ú M s þ a b´ Z m( e nHmk edayvi J ¦ a Nvi z I E dlRbRBw t þ eTAkñ ú gGarmμN ¾ manRbkarepSg> . mYyeT[t bTza ÉvM CabTRbkas Zm( E dlKY rcgÁ ú l bgØ aj . bTza em CabTRbkasbuK<l . bTza su t M CabTRbkaski c© KW naTIrbs´buK< l . sut bTenH manGtæaZi b |ayza x\ ú M n w g sEmþ g nU v sU R tNa sU R tenaH x\ ú M : nsþ a b´ m kehI y y¨ a genH . mY y eT[t bTza ÉvM enH CabTcgÁ ú l bgØ a jedayGakar epSg> énci t þ s nþ a nEdlCatY k an´ y kGtæ ; ni g BüJ¢ n ;epSg> eday lk¡ N ;EdlRbRBw t þ e TAedayGakarepSg> eRJH ÉvM bTenH Cas& B Þ sEmþ g dl´ b J¦ t þ i r bs´ G akar . bTza em CabTsEmþ g dl´ G ñ k eZV I . bTza su t M CabTsEmþ g dl´ G armμ N ¾ . k* e dayJküRtw m Etb¨ u e NÑ H rEmgCaPav;éncitþsnþanRbRBwtþeTAedayGakarepSg> Kña eZVIkarsnñidðan

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-16- sartßb,kasinI Gdækfa sMyutþnikay sKafvKÁÁ kñ ú g karTTY l Garmμ N ¾ r bs´ G ñ k eZV I k arRBmeRB{gKñ a kñ ú g ci t þ s nþ a nenaH . mü¨ a geT[t bTza ÉvM CakarsEmþ g naTI r bs´ b u K < l . bTza su t M sEmþ g naTI r bs´ v i J ¦ a N . bTza em sEmþ g dl´ bu K < l EdlRbkbnaTI T aM g BI r . k* k ñ ú g RBH:lI e nH manesckþ I s eg¡ b za x\ ú M C abu K < l dl´ R Bmedayvi J ¦ a NEdlmankarsþ a b´ m kCaki c © ‘naTI ’ :nsþ a b´ m kehI y edayevaharza svnki c © Edl:nmkehI y Cab´ edayvi J ¦ a N dU e cñ H . bNþ a bTTaM g 3 enaH bTza ÉvM ni g em CaGvi C ¢ m anb|J¦ t þ i edayGM N acénscä i k tæ ; ni g brmtæ s c© ; . Edl Bi t kñ ú g RBH:lI e nH manRbkarEdlKY r nw g cgÁ ú l bgØ a jza ÉvM kþ I em kþ I eJlGM B I b rmtæ many¨ a gNa . bTza su t M Cavi C ¢ m anb|J¦tþi eRJHGarmμ N ¾ E dl:nR:kdtamTV a rénesatkñ ú g TI e naH manedaybrmtæ . mü¨ a geT[t bTza ÉvM ni g em Caó:TabJ¦ t þ i eRJHCaJkü Edlbu K < l Kb|I e Jl GaRs& y ykvtæ ú e naH> . bTza su t M Caóbni Z anb|J¦ t þ i eRJHCaJküEdlbu K < l Kb|I eJl eRb{bpÞ w m nw g Garmμ N ¾ T aM g Lay man«dð a rmμ N ¾ C aedI m .

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-17- Gdækfa nLvKÁ »XtrNsURt TI 1 k* k ñ ú g RBH:lI e naH RBHGannÞ rEmgsEmþ g esckþ I m i n vegV g Tu k edayJküza ÉvM eRJHGñ k vegV g ehI y rEmgmi n Gaccak´ Z ø ú H :neday RbkarepSg> ni g rEmgsEmþ g esckþ I m i n Pan´ R cLM é nJkü Edlelak :nsþ a b´ m kTu k edayJküza su t M eRJHza ebI b u K < l manJküEdl :nsþ a b´ sþ a b´ m kvehI y ePø c eTA rEmgnw g mi n RCabc|as´ z a JküenH x\ ú M : nsþ a b´ m kehI y edayrvagkal edayGakary¨ a genH RBHGannÞ enH

eTI b eQμ a Hza

manesckþ I s eRmcpø Ú v bJ¦ a eRJHesckþ I m i n vegV g

ni g manesckþ I s eRmcpø Ú v sti eRJHesckþ I m i n Pan´ R cLM . kñ ú g esckþ I s eRmc 2 y¨ a genaH ebI s ti m anbJ¦ a CaRbZan k* GaceZV I k arkM N t´ : nBi t R:kdkñ ú g BüJ¢ n ; ebI b J¦ a mansti C aRbZan k* Gaccak´ Zø úHkñ úgGtæ k* eRJHRbkbedayGMNacénZm( T aMgBI renaH RBHGannÞ eTI b :nnamza Zmμ P NÐ a Kari k ‘Xø a M g énRBHZm( ’ eRJHGacnw g rkSaRBHZm( o sm|Ú r N¾ edayGtæ ; ni g BüJ¢ n ; . n& y mü¨ a geT[t RBHGannÞ sEmþ g eyani e samnsi k arTu k eday Jküza ÉvM eRJHGñ k mi n maneyani e samnsi k ar rEmgmi n Gaccak´ Z ø ú H

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-18- sartßb,kasinI Gdækfa sMyutþnikay sKafvKÁÁ :nedayRbkarepSg> . rEmgsEmþ g PaBCaGñ k manci t þ m i n revI r vay edayJküza su t M enH eRJHci t þ E dlrevI r vay mankarsþ a b´ m i n :n . Bi tehIy buK< l manci tþ revIrvay sUm|IGñ kdéTniy ayosm|Ú rN¾ RKb´ y¨ a g k* e nAeJlza x\ ú M m i n :n» sU m ni y aymþ g eT[t . k*bNþaKuNZm( 2 y¨agenaH kaleJlGMBIeyaniesamnsikar RBHGannÞ rEmgoseRmcnU v Gtþ s mμ a bNi Z i ni g bu e BV k tbu B a¦ t a eRJH bu K < l Edlmi n :ntm, l ´ x ø Ü n Tu k RbéB

ni g mi n :neZV I b u N üTu k kñ ú g kal

mun ehIy nwgmaneyani esamnsikarmi n :n . eJlBIkarmin revI rvay RBHGannÞ rEmgoseRmcnU vsTÆmμsSvn; ni gsb|úris UbsSy; eRJH Gñkmanci tþrevI rvay rEmgmi nGacedIm|Is þab´ nigGñ kminmanóbnis S& y k* m i n mankaresBKb´ C amY y nw g sb|ú r s . n& y mY y eT[t x\ ú M : neJlTu k ehI y za eRJHbTza ÉvM rEmg sEmþ g éxdl´ G akarepSg> énci t þ s nþ a n EdlCatY T TY l ykGtæ ; ni g BüJ¢ n;epSg> oRbRBwtþ eTA edayGakarepSg> Kñ a k* l k¡N ;Gakar EdlceRmI n y¨ a genH rEmgmi n mandl´ b u K < l Edlmi n tm, l ´ x ø Ü n Tu k RbéB

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-19- Gdækfa nLvKÁ »XtrNsURt TI 1 ßmi n :neZV I b u N üTu k kñ ú g kalmu n dU e cñ a H RBHGannÞ eTI b sEmþ g sm|tþ i KW cRk 2 Rbkarxagcu g edayGakard* e RcI n edayJküza ÉvM enH . rEmgsEmþ g sm|tþ i KW cRk 2 RbkarxagedI m edayRbkbkarsþ a b´ edayJkü su t M enH . Bi t ehI y kalbu K < l enAkñ ú g Gavas Edlmi n EmnCa bdi r U b eTs ßev[rcakkaresBKb´ s b|ú r s rEmgmi n mankar sþ a b´ . edayn& y enH Gasysu T Æ i ‘KW e sckþ I s eRmcénGZüaRs& y ’ rEmgCakarseRmcdl´ elak eRJHesckþIseRmcéncRk 2 Rbkarxag cu g . beyaKsuT Æ i ‘KW esckþIseRmcénbeyaK;’ rEmgCakarseRmc eRJHcRk 2 RbkarxagedI m . k* e dayesckþ I b ri s u T Æ i é nGasy;enaH elakeTI b CaGñ k Qø a sqø a tkñ ú g karseRmcmK< p l . eRJHesckþ I b ri su T Æ i é nbeyaK;enaH elakeTI b CaGñ k Qø a séRkElgkñ ú g RBHbri y tþ i . edayehtuenH Jkürbs´RBHGannÞGñkmanbeyaK; nigGasy; bri s u T Æ i e hI y Gñ k bri b U N ( e hI y edaykarseRmcmK< p l rEmgsmKY r edI m |I C aJküxagedI m sRmab´ T TY l nU v RBHtRmas´ r bs´ R BHmanRBHPaK eRb{bdU c Bnø W é nGru N Ca KW Cani m i t þ é nRBHGaTi t ünw g rHeLI g y¨ a gNa

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-20- sartßb,kasinI Gdækfa sMyutþnikay sKafvKÁÁ eyani e samnsi k ar Cani m i t þ é nku s lkmμ dU e cñ a H ehtu e naH RBHGannÞ kalnw gepþ ImJküEdlCani T ankñú gfan;EdlKY r eTIbeJlbTza Évemμ su t M

CaedI m

n& y mY y eT[t

RBHGannÞ

rEmgsEmþ g Pavsm|tþ i

KW

Gtæ b|di smÖ iTa nigbdi PaNb|dis mÖiTarbs´xøÜn edayJküEdlsEmþg dl´ k arcak´ Z ø ú H :n edayRbkarepSg> za ÉvM enH . elakrEmg sEmþ g Pavsm|tþ i KW Zmμ b |di s mÖ i T a ni g ni r u t þ i b |di s mÖ i T a edayJkü EdlsEmþ g dl´ k arcak´ Z ø ú H RbePTénZm( Edlbu K < l Kb|I s þ a b´ z a su t M enH . mY y eT[t RBHGannÞ kalnw g eJlJküEdlsEmþ g dl´ e yani e samnsi k areday ÉvM enH . eTI b sEmþ g za Zm( T aM g enH x\ ú M s mø w g edayci t þ x\ ú M c ak´ Z ø ú H lÁ e hI y edayTi d ð i dU e cñ H . kaleJlJküEdl sEmþ g dl´ k arRbkbkarsþ a b´ e day su t M enH eTI b sEmþ g za Zm( C a eRcI n x\ ú M : nsþ a b´ m kehI y RTRTg´ c aM T u k ehI y snSM T u k ehI y eday bJ¦ a dU e cñ H kalelaknw g sEmþ g Gtæ ni g BüJ¢ n ;obri b U r N( eday JküsUm|I T aMg 2 enaH rEmgeZVI kareGIe BIkñú gkarsþab´oekI teLIg eRJH

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-21- Gdækfa nLvKÁ »XtrNsURt TI 1 za kalbu K<l mi nsþ ab´Zm( EdlbribUrN( e dayGtæ nigBüJ¢n ; eday eKarB rEmgCaGñ k Xø a tqá a ycakRbeyaCn¾ d * Z M eRJHehtu e nH bu K < l Kb|I e ZV I e sckþ I e KarBkñ ú g karsþ a b´ Z m( o ekI t eLI g cu H . mY y eT[t edayJküTaM g Gs´ z a Évemμ su t M enH RBHGannÞ kalmi n RTRTg´ Z m( E dlRBHtzaKtRbkasehI y Tu k sRmab´ x ø Ü n eTI b eQμ a Hza rEmgQanknø g PU m i r bs´ G sb|ú r s kalebþ C \ a PaBCasavk eQμ a Hza rEmgQancu H kan´ P U m i é nsb|ú r s . RBHGannÞ rEmgjú a M g ci t þ r bs´ e lakoec[secjcakGsTÆ m μ ni g oci t þ r bs´ e laktaM g enA kñ úgRBHsTÆ mμ edayTM n genaHdUcKñ a kalelaksEmþ gza k*RBHtRmas´ rbs´ RBHmanRBHPaKenaHÉg x\úM : nsþ ab´mkehIyEtmü¨ agb¨ue NÑ aH dUe cñ H eQμ a Hza rEmgedaHxø Ü n ecj rEmgsEmþ g GagRBHsasþ a rEmgjú a M g RBHtRmas´ r bs´ R BHCi n RsI o Ci t sñ i T Æ rEmgjú a M g Zmμ e nþ t i o taM g enA . mü¨ageT[t RBHGannÞ kalminebþC\ a ‘mi n TTY l’ nU v RBHtRmas´ rbs´ R BHmanRBHPaKza CaZm( E dlxø Ü n eZV I o ekI t eLI g ebI k bgØ a jnU v kar:nsþ a b´ m ktaM g BI x agedI m edaybTza Évemμ su t M dU e cñ H eQμ a H

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-22- sartßb,kasinI Gdækfa sMyutþnikay sKafvKÁÁ za rEmgjú a M g karmi n mansTÆ a ovi n as rEmgjú a M g sTÆ a sm|tþ i k ñ ú g Zm( enHoekI t eLI g dl´ e Tvta ni g mnu s STaM g BY g za RBHtRmas´ e nH x\ ú M : n TTYlmkcMeJHRBHP& ®kþ rbs´ RBHmanRBHPaK

CaGñ kekø {vkø aedayevsa-

rC¢ J ¦ a N 4 CaGñ k RTRTg´ T u k nU v TsBlBa¦ a N RTg´ t aM g enAkñ ú g GasPfan ‘fan;d* R besI r ’ RTg´ b nø W s I h naT RTg´ x ¬ s ´ b M p u t CagsBV s tV RTg´ C aZM k ñ ú g Zm(

RTg´ C aZmμ r aCa

RTg´ C aZmμ a Zi b tI

RTg´ m anZm( d U c Ca

RbTI b RTg´ m anZm( C asrN; RTg´ j ú a M g cRkd* R besI r KW RBHZm( o RbRBwtþeTA RTg´CaRBHsmμasm¬úTÆRBHGg<enaH kñúgRBHtRmas´enH nrNa> minKYreZVIesckþIsgS&y ßeg]gqál´kñúgGtæ kñúgZm( kñúgbT ßkñúgBüJ¢n; dU e cñ H edayehtu e nH RBHGdð k zacarü eTI b cgJküCaKazaTu k za ? vi n asyti GsSTÆ M sTÆ M veD¿ti sasen Évemμ su t mi e c© t M vTM eKatmsaveka . RBHGannÞ

Casavkrbs´ R BHsmNeKatm

eJly¨ a genHza

x\ ú M : nsþ a b´ m kehI y y¨ a genH enHeQμ a Hza rEmgjú a M g PaBCaGñ k mi n man sTÆaovinas rEmgjúaMgsTÆasm|tþioceRmInkñúgRBHBuTÆsasna dUecñH .

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-23- Gdækfa nLvKÁ »XtrNsURt TI 1 eJlGM B I ÉkM

smyM

bTza ÉkM sEmþ g karkM N t´ c M n Y n . bTza smyM sEmþ g sm& y ‘KW e vla’ EdlkM N t´ T u k ehI y . bTza ÉkM smyM sEmþ g sm& y EdlkM N t´ T u k mi n Bi t R:kd . smy s& B Þ kñ ú g bTza smyM enH eRbI k ñ ú g Gtæ z a esckþ I R BmeRB{gKñ a kñ ú g Gtæ z a xN; kñ ú g Gtæ z a kalevla kñ ú g Gtæ z a RbCu M kñ ú g Gtæ z a ehtu ni g Ti d ð i kñ ú g Gtæ z a :n cM e BaH kñ ú g Gtæ z a lHbg´ kñ ú g Gtæ z a cak´ Z ø ú H . Bi t ehI y smy s& B Þ e nH manGtæ z a RBmeRB{gKñ a dU c kñ ú g RbeyaKza Geb|v nam esV b i óbsg, e myüam kalBa© smyBa© ó:Tay dU e cñ H CaedI m ERbza Rbsi n ebI BY k eyI g GaRs& y kalevla ni g esckþ I R BmeRB{gKñ a :nehI y k* K b|I c U l eTAkñ ú g ézá E sÁ k enH . smy s& B Þ manGtæ z a xN; dU c kñ ú g RbeyaKza Éeka c exa Pi k ¡ e v xeNa c smeya c RBhμ c ri y vasay CaedI m ERbza mñ a l Pi k ¡ ú T aM g Lay

k* x N;mY y

sm& y mY y man

edI m |I k arRbRBw t þ R Bhμ -

cri y ; .

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-24- sartßb,kasinI Gdækfa sMyutþnikay sKafvKÁÁ smy s& B Þ manGtæ z a kalevla dU c kñ ú g RbeyaKza óNØ smeya bri L ahsmeya CaedI m ERbza evlaekþ A evlaRkhl´ Rkhay . smy s& B Þ manGtæ z a RbCu M dU c kñ ú g RbeyaKza mhasmeya bvnsμ w CaedI m ERbza RbCu M Z M k ñ ú g éRBZM . smy s& B Þ manGtæ z a ehtu dU c kñ ú g RbeyaKza smeyabi exa et ÇÇÇGb|div ie TÆa Gehasi CaedIm ERbza mñalPTÞali sU m|I ehtu enHÉg :nCasm& y Edlelakmi n Tan´ : ncak´ Z ø ú H za RBHmanRBHPaK Rbzab´ k ñ ú g Rkú g savtæ I sU m |I R BHmanRBHPaKnw g RTg´ R Cabe y I gz a P i k¡ ú eQμaH PTÞali CaGñkmineZVIobribUN(kñúgsik¡akñúgsasnarbs´RBHsasþa dU e cñ H

mñ a lPTÞ a li

ehtu s U m |I e nH

:nCasm& y EdlGñ k mi n cak´ Z ø ú H

ehI y . smy s& B Þ manGtæ z a Ti d ð i dU c kñ ú g RbeyaKza etn exa bn smeyn ÇÇÇGaraem bdivsti CaedIm ERbza k*sm&yenaHÉg briBVaCk eQμ a H óK< a hmanH Cabu R trbs´ n agsmNmu N Ð i k a enAGaRs& y kñ ú g

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-25- Gdækfa nLvKÁ »XtrNsURt TI 1 Garamrbs´ n agmlø i k a EdlmansalamY y xñ g manedI m Tnø a b´ d u H er[g Kñ a Cu M v i j CaTI s nÞ n aKñ a BI e r]gTi d ð i . smy s& B Þ manGtæ z a :ncM e BaH dU c kñ ú g JküCaKazaza ? Ti e dð

Zemμ

rayi e ka

c

eya

Getæ a

Gtæ a Pi s mya

ZI e ra

eya

cetæ a

sm|-

bNÐ i e tati

bvu c © t i

GñkmanbJ¦aCaeRK}gRTRTg´ tzaKteJlza CabNÐit eRJHkar:ncMeJHnUvRbeyaCn¾kñúgTidðZm( nigRbeyaCn¾ Edl RbRBw t þ e TAkñ ú g sm|rayi k PB . smy

s& B Þ

manGtæ z a

lHbg´

dU c kñ ú g RbeyaKza

smμ a

manaPi s mya Gnþ m kasi Tu k ¡ s S CaedI m ERbza :neZV I n U v TI b M p u t én Tu k ¡ e hI y eRJHlHbg´ m ananu s & y :nedayRbéB . smy s& B Þ manGtæ z a cak´ Z ø ú H dU c kñ ú g RbeyaKza Tu k ¡ s Sbi L nedð a ÇÇÇGPi s myedæ a CaedI m ERbza Tu k ¡ manGtæ z a eb[teb[n manGtæza RtÚvbc©&ytak´Etg manGtæza duteral manGtæza ERbRbÜl manGtæ z a cak´ Z ø ú H .

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-26- sartßb,kasinI Gdækfa sMyutþnikay sKafvKÁÁ Etkñ ú g bkrN¾ e nH smy s& B Þ manGtæ z a kalevla eday ehtu e naH elakRBHGannÞ e TI b sEmþ g za sm& y mY y bNþ a sm& y TaM g Lay EdlCaRbePTénkalevla manqñ a M rdU v Ex knø H Ex eBlyb´ eBlézá eBlRBw k eBlézá R tg´ eBllá a c bfmyam mCÄi m yam bcä i m yam ni g mY y EPø t CaedI m . kñ ú g Jküza sm& y mY y enaHkñ ú g bNþ a sm& y TaM g Lay manqñ a M CaedI m TaM g enH

RBHsU R tNa>

EdlRBHmanRBHPaKRtas´ T u k kñ ú g qñ a M

kñ ú g rdU v kñ ú g Ex kñ ú g bk¡ kñ ú g evlaEdlCacM E NkeBlyb´ kñ ú g evla EdlCacM E NkeBlézá Na> RBHsU R tTaM g Gs´ e naH RBHGannÞ R Cab lÁ e hI y kM N t´ l Á e hI y edaybJ¦ a sU m |I B i t y¨ a genaH k* e RJHkal RBHezr;nw g eJly¨ a genHza

x\ ú M : nsþ a b´ m kehI y y¨ a genH

kñ ú g qñ a M

ÉeNaH kñ ú g rdU v ÉeNaH kñ ú g ExÉeNaH kñ ú g bk¡ É eNaH kñ ú g kalEdl CacM E NkénraRtI É eNaH

ßza

kñ ú g kalEdlCacM E NkénTi v aÉeNaH

y¨ a genH Gñ k Na> k* m i n GacedI m |I R TRTg´ c aM T u k :n ßsEmþ g :n ßza oGñkdéTsEmþ g:nedaygayeLIy TaM gCaJküEdlelakRtÚv eJl

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-27- Gdækfa nLvKÁ »XtrNsURt TI 1 eRcI n dU e cñ a H RBHezr;eTI b RbmU l esckþ I d U c eJlehI y enaH Tu k Rtw m EtbTEtmY y b¨ u e NÑ a Hza sm& y mY y dU e cñ H . mü¨ a geT[t RBHmanRBHPaK

RBHGannÞ

rEmgsEmþ g dl´ s m& y TaM g Layrbs´

EdlmanRbePTénkalmi n Emnti c

tamEdlR:kd

c|as´ kñ úgBY keTvta ni gmnus STaMgLay manCaedImy¨ agenH KW sm&y EdlRBHGg<e sþ cyagcuHkan´ RBHKP( sm& yEdlRBHGg<RbsUti sm&y EdlRBHGg<RTg´ s ø út RBHh#T&y sm& yEdlRBHGg<e sþ cecjRBHpñÜs sm& y EdlRBHGg< R Tg´ Q ñ H mar sm& y EdlRBHGg< R tas´ d w g sm& y EdlRBHGg< R bzab´ C asu x kñ ú g Ti d ð Z m(

sm& y EdlRBHGg< R tas´ e Tsna

‘kEnø g xø H sEmþ g sm& y Edldak´ R BHCnμ a yu s g¡ a rpg’ sm& y EdlRBH Gg< e sþ c rlt´ x nÆ b ri n i B V a n bNþ a sm& y TaM g enaH sm& y mY y eJlKW sm& y EdlRtas´ e TsnaTu k . mY y eT[t bNþ a sm& y énjaNki c © ni g kru N aki c © sm& y én RBHkru Nakic© Na

kñ ú gbNþasm& yEdlRTg´bdibtþi e dI m|IRbeyaCn¾dl´

RBHGg< nigedI m|I dl´ bu K<l déT sm&yénkarbdibtþi e dI m|I RbeyaCn¾ d l´

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-28- sartßb,kasinI Gdækfa sMyutþnikay sKafvKÁÁ bu K < l déTNa kñ ú g sm& y énRBHkrNI y ki c © T aM g BI r dl´ G ñ k RbCu M sm& y RTg´ s Emþ gZmμ IkzaNa kñ úgbNþ asm& yéneTsna ni g bdi b tþ i s m& y én eTsnaNa RBHGannÞ e Jlza ²sm& y mY y ³ dU e cñ H sM e dAyksm& y NamY y kñ ú g bNþ a sm& y TaM g enaH . sY r za k* k ñ ú g RBHsU R tenH elakeZV I J kücgÁ ú l bgØ a jTu k eday Tu t i y avi P tþ i z a ÉkM smyM mi n dU c kñ ú g RBHGPi Z mμ E dleZV I T u k edaystþ mI v i P tþ i z a ysμ w s mey kamavcrM ni g bTénsU R tdéTeRkAGM B I R BHGPi Zmμ e nH k* e ZV I n i e TÞ s Tu k edayPU m μ v cn;za ysμ w smey Pi k ¡ e v vi v i e c© v kaemhi ERbza mñ a lPi k ¡ ú T aM g Lay kñ ú g sm& y Na Pi k ¡ ú s á a t´ e hI y cak kamTaM g Lay cM E Nkkñ ú g RBHvi n & y elakeZV I n i e TÞ s Tu k edayttiyavi Ptþ i za etn smeyn Bu e TÆ a PKva dUe cñ H eRJHehtuGVI . eqø I y za

eRJHkñ ú g RBHGPi Z mμ

ni g RBHvi n & y manGtæ d U e cñ a H

Et

RBHsU R t manGtæ C ay¨ a gdéT . Bi t ehI y kñ ú g bNþ a bi d k 3 enaH kñ ú g RBHGPi Z mμ b i d k ni g bT énsU R tdéTBI G Pi Z mμ e nH smy s& B Þ rEmgseRmcesckþ I manGtæ

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-29- Gdækfa nLvKÁ »XtrNsURt TI 1 énGZi k rN; ni g mankarkM N t´ d l´ P av; ‘sPavZm( ’ edayPav;CaGtæ eRJHGZi k rN; manGtæ e sμ I n w g smys& B Þ EdlmankalCaGtæ man smU h ;CaGtæ . sPavZm( T aM g Lay manpsS;CaedI m EdlRBHmanPaK RTg´ R tas´ T u k kñ ú g RBHGPi Z mμ ni g bTénsU R tdéTeRkABI G Pi Z mμ e nH elakkM N t´ T u k edayPav;énsm& y eJlKW xN; smvay; ‘kar RbCu M ’ ni g ehtu eRJHdU e cñ a H edI m |I b M P ø W G tæ e naH elakeTI b eZV I n i e TÞ s Tu k kñ ú gTI e nH edayPU mμv cn; . Etkñ ú g RBHvi n &y smy s&B Þ rEmgoseRmcki c © manehtu C a Gtæ ni g mankrN;CaGtæ . Bi tNas´ sm& yNa EdlCasm&yRBHGg< RTg´ bJ¦tþis ik¡ abT ‘RBHvi n & y ’ sm& y enaH sU m |I R BHsavkTaM g Lay manRBHsarI b u R tCa edI m

k* K b|I d w g :nedaylM : k

eRJHRBHmanRBHPaK

kalnw g RTg´

bJ¦tþisik¡abTTaMgLay edaysm&yEdlCakal Caehtu nigCakrN; enaH RTg´B icarNaehtuénkarbJ¦tþis ik¡ abT esþcRbzab´ enAkñú gTIe naH> eRJHdU e cñ a H edI m |I b M P ø W G tæ ; enaH elakeTI b eZV I n i e TÞ s smy s& B Þ Tu k

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-30- sartßb,kasinI Gdækfa sMyutþnikay sKafvKÁÁ edaykrNvcn; kñ ú g RBHvi n & y enaH . cM E Nkkñ ú g RBHsu t nþ ; enH ni g kñ ú g sU R tdéT Edlmaner]gekI t eLI gy¨agenH smy

s&B Þ

rEmgseRmcGtæénGc©nþs Me yaKTuti ya-

vi P tþ i . Bi t ehI y RBHmanRBHPaK RTg´ s Emþ g RBHsU R tenH ßRBHsU R t déT

rhU t dl´ G s´ s m& y Na

:nesþ c Rbzab´ e nAedayZm( C aeRK}g

enA KW RBHmhakruNa rhU tdl´Gs´ sm&yenaHÉg eRJHdUe cña H edIm|I bM P ø W e sckþ I e naH

elakeTI b eZV I n i e TÞ s Tu k

edayóbeyaKvcnTu t i y a-

vi P tþ i kñ ú g RBHsU R tenH eRBaHehtu e nH elakeTI b RbB& n Æ C aKazaTu k za tnþ M

Gtæ m evk¡ i t V a

GBa¦ R t smeya vu e tþ a

Pu e mμ n

kreNn

c

óbeyaeKn esa «Z

elakBi c arNaesckþ I e naH> ehI y eTI b eJl smy s&B Þk ñ úgTId éT> KW kñúg RBHGPiZmμ edayPUm μv cn; ‘stþmIv i Ptþ i’ kñ úgRBHvin &y edaykrNvcn; ‘ttiyaviPtþi’ Etkñ ú g RBHsu t nþ ; enH elakeJl smy s& B Þ eday

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-31- Gdækfa nLvKÁ »XtrNsURt TI 1 óbeyaKvcn; ‘Tu t i y avi P tþ i ’ dU e cñ H . cM E NkRBHburaNacarüTaMgLay BN(naTu kza smy s&B Þe nH epSgKñ aRtwmEtevaharza tsμ w smey ß etn smeyn ß tM smyM b¨ u e NÑ a H kñ ú g bI d kTaM g 3 enaH smy s& B Þ manGtæ C aPU m μ v cn;Et mü¨ a gb¨ u e NÑ a H eRJHehtu e nH sU m |I n w g eJlza ÉkM smyM k* K b|I RCabza manGtæ e sμ I n w g Éksμ w smey dU e cñ H .

eJlGM B I b T

PKva

bTza PKva :ndl´ RKÚ . eRJHbNÐ i t kñ ú g elak ehARKÚ z a PKva

Bi t ehI y

RBHmanRBHPaK

RTg´ C aRKÚ r bs´ s BV s tV T aM g Lay

eRJHRBHGg< R Tg´ C abu K < l vi e ssbM p u t edayKu N TaM g BY g

eRJHdU e cñ a H

bNÐ i tKb|I RCabJküza PKva dUe cñH . sU m|IRBHbu raNacarüTaMgLay k* e Jlza ? PKvati vcnM esdð M

PKvati vcnmu t þ m M

Ku r u K arvyu e tþ a esa

PKva

etn

vu c © t i

Jküza PKva CaJküRbesI r bM p u t Jküza PKva Ca

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-32- sartßb,kasinI Gdækfa sMyutþnikay sKafvKÁÁ Jküx¬ s ´ b M p u t RBHmanRBHPaKRBHGg< e naH KY r dl´ k ar eKarBedayfan;CaRKÚ eRJHehtu e naH RBHGg< e TI b RTg´ RBHnamza PKva dU e cñ H . mü¨ a geT[t

bNÐ i t Kb|I R CabGtæ é nbTenaHedayBi s þ a r

eday

GM N acénKazaenHza ? PaKüva PK< v a yu e tþ a Ptþ v a vnþ K mena

PeK< h i c vi P tþ v a Pevsu PKva teta

RBHmanRBHPaKRBHGg<enaH RTg´maneCaK RTg´kac´bM:k´ ki e ls:nehI y RTg´ R bkbedayPKZm( RTg´ E ckZm( RTg´ e sBZm(

RTg´ k m© a t´ P BTaM g LayehI y ehtu e naH

RBHGg< eTI b RTg´ R BHnamza PKva dU e cñ H . k* G tæ é n PKva enaH x\ ú M e JlTu k ehI y kñ ú g ni e TÞ s énBu T Æ a nu s Sti kñ ú g bkrN¾ v i e ss eQμ a Hza vi s u T Æ i m K< e naHÉg . k* e daylM d ab´ é nJküRtw m Etb¨ u e NÑ H RBHGannÞ k alsEmþ g Zm( tamEdl:nsþ a b´ m k eQμ a Hza rEmgeZV I Z mμ k ayrbs´ R BHmanRBHPaK

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-33- Gdækfa nLvKÁ »XtrNsURt TI 1 oRbckSTu k edayJküza Évemμ su t M kñ ú g RBHsU R tenH edayJkü enaHÉg RBHGannÞ eQμ a Hza obri s & T CaGñ k xV l ´ x V a y eRJHmi n :n eXI j RBHbrmsasþaoRsalcitþ za :vcn; ‘KW RBHZm(v in& y’ enH man RBHbrmsasþ a knø g eTAehI y k* m i n Emn RBHZm( v i n & y enH CaRBHbrmsasþ a rbs´ e lakTaM g Lay dU e cñ H . edayJküza ÉkM smyM PKva RBHGannÞ kalsEmþ g dl´ RBHmanRBHPaKRTg´ m i n manenAkñ ú g sm& y enaH eQμ a Hza rEmgRbkas karbri n i B V anrbs´ rUbkay edayJküenaHÉg RBHGannÞ eQμaHza júaMg bri s & T EdlRsvw g kñ ú g CI v i t oekI t esckþ I t k´ s ø ú t TaM g esckþ I ó sSah¾ kñ ú g RBHsTÆ m μ e kI t eLI g dl´ b ri s & T za sU m |I R BHmanRBHPaKRBHGg< e naH EdlmanRBHvrkayesμ I e daydu M e BRC RTg´ m ankmø a M g 10 RTg´ s Emþ g Gri y Zm( e Qμ a Hy¨ a genH>

enAEtesþ c rlt´ x nÆ b ri n i B V a n:n

Gñ k déT

Nahñ @ nw g Kb|I m anesckþ I R :zñ a kñ ú g CI v i t dU e cñ H . mY y eT[t RBHGannÞ kaleJlJküza ÉvM eQμ a Hza rEmg sEmþgdl´eTsnasm|tþi kaleJlza em sutM eQμaHza rEmgsEmþg

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-34- sartßb,kasinI Gdækfa sMyutþnikay sKafvKÁÁ dl´ s avksm|tþ i kaleJlza ÉkM smyM eQμ a Hza rEmgsEmþ g dl´kalsm|tþ i kaleJlJküza PKva eQμaHza rEmgsEmþ geTsksm|tþ i dU e cñ H . bTza savtæ i y M :ndl´ kñ ú g nKrEdlmaneQμ a H y¨ a genH . k* J küza savtæ i y M enH Castþ m I v i P tþ i c u H kñ ú g Gtæ z a Ci t . bTza vi h rti CaJküsEmþ g dl´ e sckþ I d l´ R Bmedayvi h arZm( y ¨ a g NamY y kñ ú g bNþ a «ri y abzvi h ar Ti B V v i h ar RBhμ v i h ar ni g Gri y vi h ar edaymi n Ebø k Kñ a Etkñ ú g TI e nH Jküza vi h rti enH CaJküsEmþ g dl´ karRbkbeday«ri y abzNamY y kñ ú g bNþ a «ri y abzTaM g LayRbePT epSg> mankarQr karedI r karGg< ú y ni g karedk . edayehtu e naH RBHmanRBHPaK Rbzab´ Q rkþ I esþ c yageTAkþ I Rbzab´ G g< ú y kþ I pÞ M k þ I bNÐ i t Kb|I R Cabza rEmgRbzab´ e nAn@ u H Ég . Bi tehI y RBHGg<RTg´bM: t´esckþIl M:kén«riyabzmY yeday «ri y abzmY y RTg´ n aM G tþ P aBeTA KW oRbRBw t þ e TA mi n oRTú D eRTam eRJHehtu e naH RBHGannÞ e TI b eJlza rEmgRbzab´ e nA dU e cñ H . bTza eCtven :ndl´ kñ ú g óTüanrbs´ R BHraCku m ar RTg´ R BH

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-35- Gdækfa nLvKÁ »XtrNsURt TI 1 namza eCt . Bi t Nas´ RBHraCóTüanenaH RBHraCku m arGg< e naH RTg´ s agedaylÁ e hI y eRBaHehtu e naH RBHraCóTüanenaH eTI b eQμ a H za eCtv& n dU e cñ a H RBHGannÞ e TI b eJlza kñ ú g RBHeCtv& n enaH dU e cñ H . bTza Gnazbi N Ð i k sSGaraem esckþ I z a kñ ú g GaramEdldl´ k arrab´ za Carbs´ G nazbi N Ð i k KhbtI eRJHKhbtI eQμ a Hza Gnazbi N Ð i k ; zV a ydl´ R BHPi k ¡ ú s g¹ manRBHBu T Æ C aRbZan edaykarbri c © a KR:k´ m an RbmaN

54

ekadi

.

esckþ I s eg¡ b kñ ú g RBHsU R tenH

manRtw m Et

b¨ u e NÑ H . cM E Nkesckþ I B i s þ a r RBHGdð k zacarüBN( n aTu k kñ ú g sBV a svsu t þ v NÑ n a kñ ú g Gdð k zamCÄi m ni k ay eQμ a H bbBa© s U T nI . kñ ú g esckþ I e nH ebI m anGñ k CM T as´ z a Rbsi n ebI RBHmanRBHPaK Rbzab´ e nAkñ ú g Rkú g savtæ I RBHezr;k* m i n KY r nw g eBalza RBHmanRBHPaK Rbzab´ e nAkñ ú g vtþ e CtBn ebI R bzab´ e nAkñ ú g vtþ e CtBn k* m i n KY r nw g eBal za Rbzab´ e nAkñ ú g RBHnKrsavtæ I dU e cñ H eRJHza RBHmanRBHPaKmi n GacRbzab´ e nAkñ ú g sæ a nTI B I r kEnø g RBm> Kñ a kñ ú g evlaEtmY y . eqø I y za RbkarenaH mi n Kb|I e XI j y¨ a genaH eRJHx\ ú M : neJl

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-36- sartßb,kasinI Gdækfa sMyutþnikay sKafvKÁÁ Tu k ehI y mi n Emnßza Jküza savtæ i y M Castþ m I v i P tþ i cu H kñ ú g Gtæ z a Ci t dU e cñ a H kñ ú g TI e nH vtþ e CtBnenH enACi t RBHnKrsavtæ I RBHmanRBHPaKkalRbzab´ e nAkñ ú g TI e naH

RBHGannÞ

eTI b eJlza

savtæ i y M

vih rti eCtven EdlERbza Rbzab´ e nAkñú g vtþe CtBn Ci t RBHnKrsavtæI eRb{bdU c hV Ú g eKaTaM g LayRtac´ e TACi t Tenø K g< a ni g Tenø y mu n aCaedI m eKrEmgehAza Rtac´ e TACi t Tenø K g< a Rtac´ e TACi t Tenø y mu n a dU e cñ a H . Bi t Nas´ Jküza savtæ I RBHezr;eJlTu k edI m |I s Emþ g dl´ eKacrRKamrbs´ R BHmanRBHPaKRBHGg< e naH Jküd* e ss elakeJl edI m |I s Emþ g dl´ s æ a nTI e nAGaRs& y EdlsmKY r dl´ b BV C i t . bTza GBa¦ t ra eTvta : ndl ´ e Tv t amY y Gg < Edlman n am ni g eKaRtmi n R:kd . k* k ñ ú g Jküza bBi R tRBHGg< d * c eRmI n RBH manRBHPaK RTg´ rEmgRCabéRkElgdl´ karbU Carbs´x\úM RBHGg< RBHGg< :nRtas´ d l´ v i m u t þ i EdlCaZm( G s´ e TAéntNØ a dl´ y k¡ G ñ k manski þ Z M mY y Gg< edayZm( d * s eg¡ b dU e cñ H sU m |I e sþ c sk, e TvraC EdlR:kd ehI y elakk* e Jlza GBa¦ t era sM e dAdl´ mY y Gg< .

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-37- Gdækfa nLvKÁ »XtrNsURt TI 1 mY yeT[t Jküza eTvta enH CaJküTUe TAdl´ e TvtaTaM gLay sU m |I E teTBZI t aTaM g Lay Etkñ ú g TI e nH elakR:zñ a ykeTvbu R t . k* eTvbu R tenaHÉg Gg< N amY y kñ ú g bNþ a Can´ r U : vcrPU m i .

eJlGM B I

GPi k , n þ

s& B Þ

GPi k , n þ s& B Þ kñ ú g bTza GPi k , n þ a y rtþ i y a enH R:kdkñ ú g Gtæ za karGs´ e TA ‘knø g eTA’ lÁ sÁ a t eRtkGréRkElgCaedI m . kñ ú g bNþ a JküTaM g enaH GPi k , n þ s& B Þ R:kdkñ ú g Gtæ z a Gs´ eTA dU c kñ ú g RbeyaKmanCaedI m za GPi k , n þ a Penþ rtþ i ni k ¡ e nþ a bfema yaema ci r M ni s i e nñ a Pi k ¡ ú s M e Xa óTÞ i s tu Penþ PKva Pi k ¡ Ú n M :ti e mak¡ M ERbza bBi R tRBHGg< d * c eRmI n raRtI G s´ e TAehI y bfmyamknø g eTA ehI y Pi k ¡ ú s g¹Gg< ú y Gs´ k alyU r ehI y bBi R tRBHGg< d * c eRmI n sU m RBHmanRBHPaKRTg´ s Emþ g :di e mak¡ d l´ P i k ¡ ú T aM g Laycu H . GPi k , n þ s& B Þ kñ ú g Gtæ z a lÁ dU c kñ ú g RbeyaKmanCaedI m za GyM «emsM ctu n ñ M bu K < l anM GPi k , n þ t era bNI t tera c ERbza bu K < l enH lÁ C ag RbNI t Cagbu K < l TaM g 4 enH .

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-38- sartßb,kasinI Gdækfa sMyutþnikay sKafvKÁÁ eka

em

vNÞ t i

:Tani

«TÆ i y a

ysSa

ClM

GPi k , e nþ n

veNÑ n sBV a OPasyM Ti s a Gñ k Nahñ @ ru g er]geday#TÆ i eday ys manvNÑ s Á a tlÁ jú a M g Ti s TaM g BY g oPø W r u g er]g mkzV a ybgM < e CI g rbs´ t zaKt . GPi k , n þ manCaedI m za

s& B Þ GPi k , n þ M

kñ ú g Gtæ z a ePa

eRtkGréRkElg

eKatmM

GPi k , n þ M

ePa

dU c kñ ú g RbeyaK eKatmM

ERbza

bBi RtRBHeKatmd* ceRmI n KY reRtkGréRkElg bBiRtRBHeKatmd*ceRmI n KY r eRtkGréRkElg . Etkñ ú g TI e nH GPi k , n þ s& B Þ eRbI k ñ ú g Gtæ z a Gs´ e TA edayJkü enaH elakeTI beJlza kalénraRtI Gs´ e TAehIy Gs´e TAedayCuMv ij ehI y . kñ ú g esckþ I e naH Kb|I R Cabza eTvbu R tenH mkehI y kñ ú g evla Ci t TI b M p u t énmCÄi m yamenaHÉg . :n»za eTvtaTaM g Lay kalmkkan´ T I b eRmI r bs´ R BHBu T Æ ß savkrbs´ R BHBu T Æ rEmgmkkñ ú g evlamCÄi m yamb¨ u e NÑ a H enHCani y am rbs´ e TvtaTaM g Lay . GPi k , n þ s& B Þ kñ ú g Jküza GPi k , n þ v NÑ a enH

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-39- Gdækfa nLvKÁ »XtrNsURt TI 1 eRbI k ñ ú g Gtæ z a vNÑ ; lÁ .

eJlGM B I

vNÑ

s& B Þ

vNÑ s& B Þ R:kdkñ ú g Gtæ : neRcI n y¨ a g dU c kñ ú g Gtæ z a sm|ú r Ku N ku l vK< ; ‘RtkU l ’ ehtu RTg´ R Tay xñ a t rU : ytn; CaedI m . kñ ú g bNþ a Gtæ T aM g enaH vNÑ s& B Þ eRbI k ñ ú g Gtæ z a sm|ú r dU c kñ ú g RbeyaKmanCaedI m za su v NÑ v eNÑ a PKva ERbza RBHmanRBHPaK mansm|ú r dU c vNÑ ; énmas . vNÑ s& B Þ kñ ú g Gtæ z a Ku N dU c kñ ú g RbeyaKmanCaedI m za kTa sBüú N Ø a

bn

et

Khbti

smNsS

eKatmsS

vNÑ a

ERbza

mñ a lKhbtI elakRbmU l Ku N rbs´ R BHsmNeKatmmk Tu k BI k al Na . vNÑ s& B Þ kñ ú g Gtæ z a RtkU l ‘ku l vK< ’ dU c kñ ú g RbeyaKman CaedI m za ctþ a era em ePa eKatema vNÑ a ERbza bBi R tRBHeKatm d* c eRmI n RtkU l TaM g 4 enH . vNÑ s& B Þ kñ ú g Gtæ z a ehtu ‘karN¾ ’ dU c kñ ú g RbeyaKmanCa

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-40- sartßb,kasinI Gdækfa sMyutþnikay sKafvKÁÁ edI m za kñ ú g sM y u t þ n i k ay vnsM y u t þ z a Gz ekn nu veNÑ n KnÆ e tæ enati vu c © t i ERbza ebI d U e cñ H ehtu G V I Gñ k eTI b eJlza eyI g lY c kø i n . vNÑ s& B Þ kñ ú g Gtæ z a RTg´ R Tay ‘sNð a n’ dU c kñ ú g RbeyaK manCaedI m y¨ a genHza mhnþ M htæ i r aCvNÑ M GPi n i m μ i n i t V a ERbza ni m μ i t RTg´ R TayCaesþ c dM r I Z M . vNÑ s& B Þ kñ ú g Gtæ z a xñ a t ‘bmaN’ dU c kñ ú g RbeyaKmanCa edI m y¨ a genHza teyabtþ s S vNÑ a ERbza xñ a trbs´ : Rt 3 y¨ a g . vNÑ s& B Þ kñ ú g Gtæ z a rU : ytn; dU c kñ ú g RbeyaKmanCaedI m y¨ a genHza veNÑ a KenÆ a resa OCa ERbza BN( kø i n rs OC; . kñ ú g TI e nH vNÑ s& B Þ e naH elakeRbI k ñ ú g Gtæ z a sm|ú r eday JküenaHÉg elakGZi b |ayza manvNÑ ; lÁ KW sm|ú r lÁ manvNÑ ; KY r R:zñ a manvNÑ ; CaTI e Bjci t þ . Bi t ehI y eTvtaTaM g Lay kalmkkan´ m nu s Selak lHvNÑ ; EdlmanenAtamRbRktI ni g #TÆ i t amRbRktI ehI y eZV I G tþ P aBoeRKat RKat eZV I v NÑ ; :neRcI n y¨ a g TaM g eZV I # TÆ i k * : neRcI n y¨ a g kalnw g eTA

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-41- Gdækfa nLvKÁ »XtrNsURt TI 1 kan´ s æanTI TaMgLay mansæanTI CaTIs Emþ gmehaRsBCaedIm rEmgmk edaykayEdlxø Ü n tak´ E tgehI y

.

eTvtaTaM g Lay

sU m |I m ankayEdlxø Ü n mi n :ntak´ E tgehI y

Can´ k amavcr

k* G acedI m |I n w g mkkñ ú g TI

enaH:n cM E NkeTvtaCan´ r U : vcr mi n Gac . Gtþ P aBrbs´ e TvtaTaM g Gs´ enaHCakaylÁ itéRkElg karseRmckic© eday«riyabzedayGtþPaBenaHman eRBaHehtu d U e cñ a H eTvbu R tenH eTI b mkedaykarEdlxø Ü n tak´ E tgehI y enaHÉg . eRJHdU e cñ a H elakeTI b eJlTu k za GPi k , nþ v NÑ a manvNÑ ; lÁ .

eJlGM B I ekvl

s& B Þ

kñ ú g Jküza

ekvl

s& B Þ

ekvlkb|M

enH

manGtæ C aGenk

dU c kñ ú g Gtæ z a edaymi n mancM E NkenAsl´ edayeRcI n TaM g Gs´ kar manmi n eRcI n rw g maM karEbkecjBI K ñ a CaedI m . Bi t dU e cñ a H ekvl s& B Þ manesckþ I s M e dAdl´ esckþ I m i n man cM E NkenAsl´ dU c kñ ú g RbeyaKmanJküza ekvlbri b u N Ñ M bri s u T Æ M RBhμ criy M CaedI m cU rRbkasRBhμcriyobris uTÆi bribUN(e dayCMuv i j .

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-42- sartßb,kasinI Gdækfa sMyutþnikay sKafvKÁÁ ekvl s&B Þ manGtæn&yza edayeRcI n dU ckñúgRbeyaKCaedI m za ekvlaGg< m KZa bhU t M xaTnI y M ePaCnI y M GaTay óbsg, mi s Snþ i CaedI m ERbza kan´ y kxaTni y ; ni g ePaCni y ; GM B I E dnGg< ; ni g EdnmKZ;Rtw m Etlμ m ehI y nw g cU l eTA . ekvl s& B Þ manesckþ I z a TaM g Gs´ dU c kñ ú g RbeyaKCaedI m za ekvl Tu k ¡ k ¡ n Æ s S smu T eya ehati CaedI m ERbza smu T & y rEmg Ca ‘ehtu ’ énkgTu k ¡ T aM g mU l . ekvl s&B Þ manesckþIza esckþI manmineRcIn dU ckñú gRbeyaK CaedI m za ekvlM sTÆ a mtþ k M nnu Gymaysμ a CaedI m ERbza elak d* m anGayu o Zm( R tw m Etza sTÆ a manRbmaNmi n eRcI n RbRBw t þ e TAmi n Emnß . ekvl s& B Þ manesckþ I z a esckþ I R tÚ v kary¨ a grw g maM dU c kñ ú g RbeyaKza Gaysμ e ta Gnu r u T Æ s S Bahi e ka nam sTÆ i v i h ari e ka ekvlM s M X ePTay

fi e ta

CaedI m

ERbza

RBHGnu r u T Æ

mansTÆ i v i h ari k

eQμ a Hza Bahi k ; taM g enArw g maM k ñ ú g karTmø a ysg¹ .

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-43- Gdækfa nLvKÁ »XtrNsURt TI 1 ekvl s& B Þ manesckþ I z a karEckecjBI B Y k dU c kñ ú g RbeyaK za ekvlI vu s i t V a ótþ m bu r i e sa vu c © t i ERbza enAEbkKñ a elakeJlza Caótþ m bu r s . Etkñ ú g TI e nH elakbM N gyk ekvl s& B Þ EdleRbI kñ ú g esckþ I z a esckþ I m i n mancM E NkenAsl´ .

eJlGM B I kb| s& B Þ kb| s& B ÞenH manGtæCaGenk dUckñúgGtæza P¢ ab´ ßeZVITu kkñúg ci t þ : n kñ ú g Gtæ z a evahar kñ ú g Gtæ z a kal kñ ú g Gtæ z a bJ¦ t þ i kñ ú g Gtæ za karkat´ ßekar kñ úgGtæza vikb|; ‘RbmaN ßKY r’ kñúgGtæza els ‘elsn& y ßkarGagti c tY c ’ kñ ú g Gtæ z a eJlGM B I C u M v i j CaedI m . Bi t ehI y kb| s& B Þ EdleRbI k ñ ú g Gtæ z a P¢ a b´ dU c kñ ú g RbeyaK manCaedI m y¨ a genHza

Okb|nI y emtM

ePaeta

eKatmsS

yzatM

Grhetasmμ a sm¬ ú T Æ s S ERbza RbkarenaH KY r eZV I T u k kñ ú g ci t þ : nza RBH eKatmd* c eRmI n CaRBHGrhnþ s mμ a sm¬ ú T Æ . kb| s& B Þ EdleRbI k ñ ú g Gtæ z a evahar ‘JkücgÁ ú l bgØ a j’ dU c kñ ú g RbeyaKmanCaedI m y¨ a genHza Gnu C anami Pi k ¡ e v bBa© h i smN-

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-44- sartßb,kasinI Gdækfa sMyutþnikay sKafvKÁÁ keb|hi plM bri P u B a¢ i t u M ERbza mñ a lPi k ¡ ú T aM g Lay tzaKtGnu J ¦ a t edI m |I k arbri e PaKEpø e QI edayeZV I k b|;rbs´ s mN; 5 ‘kb|; 5 kñ ú g RBHvi n & y ehAza eZV I k b|i y ; KW ? 1 GK< i b ri c i t þ M Epø e QI E dldu t edayePø I g 2 stæ b ri c i t þ M Epø e QI E dlecaHedays®sþ a 3 nxbri c i t þ M Epø e QI E dlecaHedayRkck 4 GBI C M Epø e QI E dlmi n EmnCaBU C 5 ni B V d BI C M Epø e QI E dlykRKab´ e cjehI y . kb| s& B Þ EdleRbI k ñ ú g Gtæ z a kal dU c kñ ú g RbeyaKEdlman CaedI m za eyn su T M ni c © k b|M vi h rami ERbza RCabza eyI g nw g enA rhU t dl´ G s´ k alCani c © . kb| s& B Þ EdleRbI k ñ ú g Gtæ z a bJ¦ t þ i ‘sM e dAdl´ n ambJ¦ t þ i KW kartaM g eQμ a H’ dU c kñ ú g RbeyaKEdlmanCaedI m y¨ a genHza «c© a ysμ a keb|a ERbza eRBaHehtuenH elakd*manGayu eTIbmaneQμaHza kb|; . kb| s& B Þ EdleRbI k ñ ú g Gtæ z a ekarkat´ dU c kñ ú g RbeyaKmanCa

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-45- Gdækfa nLvKÁ »XtrNsURt TI 1 edI m za kb|i t eksmsSú ERbza ekarsk´ ni g Bu k mat´ e RscehI y . kb| s& B Þ EdleRbI k ñ ú g Gtæ z a vi k b|; ‘RbmaN ni g KY r ’ dU c kñ ú g RbeyaKmanCaedI m za

kb|ti

TV g < ú l keb|a

ERbza

RbmaNRBH

GaTi t üeRC 2 Zñ a b´ k* K Y r . kb| s& B Þ EdleRbI k ñ ú g Gtæ z a els ‘ehtu b nþ i c bnþ Ü c ’ dU c kñ ú g RbeyaKmanCaedI m za Gtæ i keb|a ni b C¢ i t M ERbza ehtu b nþ i c bnþ Ü c EtgmanedI m |I n w g TeRmtkaymanehI y . kb| s& B Þ EdleRbIkñú gGtæza edayCuMv ij dU ckñú gRbeyaKman CaedI m y¨ a genHza

ekvlkb|M

evLú v nM

OPaestV a ERbza

jú a M g vtþ

eCtBnedayCu M v i j oPø W s V a gésV . Et kb| s&B Þ kñ ú gTI e nH elakbM Ngykkñú gGtæza edayCuMv ij eRJHdU e cñ a H kñ ú g Jküza ekvlkb|M eCtvnM enH bNÐ i t Kb|I e XI j y¨ a genHza jú a M g vtþ e CtBnedayCu M v i j TaM g Gs´ dU e cñ H . bTza OPaestV a :ndl´ pSayeTAnU v rsμ I E dlekI t eLI g GM B I sM B t´ eRK}gRbdab´ ni g srI r ; eZV I o manrsμ I E tmY y omanOkasEt

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-46- sartßb,kasinI Gdækfa sMyutþnikay sKafvKÁÁ mY y dU c RBHcnÞ ni g RBHGaTi t ü . bTza eyn kñ ú g Rbkarza eyn PKva etnu b sg, m i enH Ca tti y avi P tþ i c u H kñ ú g Gtæ é nstþ m I v i P tþ i

dU e cñ a H

Kb|I R Cabesckþ I k ñ ú g TI e nH

za RBHmanRBHPaKRbzab´ e nAkñ ú g TI N a eTvbu R tenaH k* c U l eTAKal´ kñ ú g TI e naH dU e cñ H . mü¨ ageT[t Kb|I e XIj esckþI kñú gTIenH y¨ agenHza RBHmanRBHPaK EdleTvta nigmnu s STaM gLayKb|IcU leTAKal´ edayehtuNa eTvbu R tenaH k* c U l eTAKal´ e hI y edayehtu e naH dU e cñ H . sY r za eRJHehtu G V I RBHmanRBHPaK EdleTvta ni g mnu s S TaM g LayKb|I c U l eTAKal´ . eqø I y za eRJHGñ k TaM g enaHmanesckþ I R:zñ a edI m |I n w g seRmcKu N vi e ssmanRbkarepSg> eRb{bdU c edI m eQI ZM EdlbeBa© j Epø R Kb´ r dU v kal EdlhV Ú g stV T aM g LaynaM K ñ a eTAkan´ edI m eQI e naH edayR:zñ a nw g cw k su I n U v Epø m anrsqá a j´ dU e cñ a H . mY y eT[t bTza óbsg, m i manJküGZi b |ayza eTAehI y . bTza óbsg, m i t V a enH CabTsEmþ g dl´ e Blcu g eRkayénevlacU l

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-47- Gdækfa nLvKÁ »XtrNsURt TI 1 Kal´ . mü¨ a geT[t RbkarenHmanJküGZi b |ayza eTvbu R tenaHeTA ehI y y¨ a genH KW eTAkan´ s æ a nTI E dlCi t CagenaH eJlKW TI C i t RBHmanRBHPaK dU e cñ H k* m an . «LÚvenH eTvbu RtenaH mkkan´TI b eRmIé nbuK<l d*kMB Ul kñú gelak edayRbeyaCn¾ N a CaGñ k R:zñ a edI m |I T U l sY r dl´ R beyaCn¾ e naH eTI b eZV I G J¢ l I k mμ E dlru g er]gehI y edayRmamTaM g 10 nms, a rRbti s æ a n Tu k elI s I s ;ehI y :nQrkñ ú g TI s mKY r mY y .

[2] s&BÞza ÉkmnþM Cas&BÞsEmþgPavnbuMsklig< dUckñúgJkü TaM g Layza

RBHcnÞ

ni g RBHGaTi t üvi l eTA

mi n :nesμ I K ñ a CaedI m

.

eRJHdU e cñ a H bNÐ i t Kb|I R Cabesckþ I k ñ ú g TI e nHza eTvbu R tenaH :nQr ehI y edayki r i y aEdlQrehI y enaH eQμ a Hza QrehI y kñ ú g TI d * s m KY r mY y . n& y mY y eT[t Jküza Ékmnþ M enH CaTu t i y avi P tþ i e RbI k ñ ú g Gtæ é nstþ m I v i P tþ i . bTza Gdð a si :ndl´ rEmgseRmc«ri y abz Qr . Bi t ehI y eTvta ni g mnu s STaM g LayEdlCabNÐ i t cU l eTA

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-48- sartßb,kasinI Gdækfa sMyutþnikay sKafvKÁÁ Kal´ R BHmanRBHPaK Cabu K < l KY r eKarBkñ ú g fan;CaRKÚ rEmgQrkñ ú g TI d* s mKY r mY y eRJHxø Ü n CaGñ k qø a tkñ ú g karGg< ú y . k* e TvtaenH CaGg< NamY y kñ ú g bNþ a eTvtaCabNÐ i t TaM g enaH eRJHdU e cñ a H eTI b :nQr kñ ú g TI d * s mKY r mY y

dU e cñ H

.

sY r za

k* Q ry¨ a gNa

eTI b eQμ a Hza

Qrkñ ú g TI d * s mKY r mY y . eqø I y za ev[reTasénkarQr 6 y¨ a g KW Qrqá a yeBk ç QrCi t eBk ç QrelI x ül´ ç Qrkñ ú g TI x ¬ s ´ QrcM m u x eBk ç QrxageRkayeBk . Bi tehI y buK< l EdlQrqáa yeBk ebIR:zñanwgni yay k* RtÚv ni y aysM e Lgxø a M g > . ebI Q rCi t eBk rEmgnw g eRc{teb[tKñ a . ebI QrelI x ül´

rEmgpSayedaykøintY . ebIQ rkñúgTIx¬s ´ rEmgRbkas

dl´ e sckþ I m i n eKarB

.

QrcM m u x eBk

ebI R :zñ a nw g emI l

k* n w g RtÚ v

emI l Tl´ E Pñ k Kñ a . QrxageRkayeBk ebI R :zñ a nw g eXI j mu x k* R tÚ v egI y emI l . eRJHdU e cñ a H sU m |I e Tvbu R tenH k* Q rev[reTasTaM g 6 enH edayehtu e naH elakeTI b eJlTu k za Ékmnþ M Gdð a si ERbza :nQrehI y kñ ú g TI d * s mKY r mY y .

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-49- Gdækfa nLvKÁ »XtrNsURt TI 1 bTza ÉtTevac EckbTCa ÉtM Gevac ERbza :nRkabTU l JküenH . bTza kzM nu CakarNbu c ä a . Bi t Nas´

esckþ I E dlRBHmanRBHPaKRTg´ q ø g OX;:nehI y

R:kddl´ ‘eTvta’ mu WnelakZatu edayehtuenaH esckþIs gS&yrbs´ eTvtaenH kñ ú g TI e nHza k* R BHmanRBHPaKRTg´ q ø g OX;:nehI y eday ehtuenH nwgRTg´ mi nRCabGVI > rEmgmin man edayehtue naH eTvtaenaH kalTU l sY r dl´ e htu E dlRTg´ q ø g OX;enaH eTI b RkabTU l y¨ a genH . bTza mari s enH CaJküehAedayJküd* B I e raH ç GZi b |ay za Gñ k mi n manTu k ¡ dU e cñ H Rbsi n ebI e sckþ I C ay¨ a genaHman kalNa bu K< lRtÚ v cak´ Rtg´ e dI mRTÚgedaylM EBg ßkaleyI geqHenAkñúgnrkRtw m EtJn´ q ñ a M dU e cñ H Jküza mari s enH rEmgeXø { gXø a teTA eRJHza stV n rk

EdleQμ a Hza

Gñ k mi n manTu k ¡ m i n maneT

stV n rkCaGñ k mi n

R:scakTu k ¡ k * B i t sU m |I y ¨ a genaH elakk* e hAza mari s ‘CaGñ k mi n manTu k ¡ ’ edaysM e Lgrbs´ G ñ k ceRmI n ehI y . :n»za kñ ú g kalmu n evaharza

mari s enH Carbs´ m nu s SedI m kb|

Gñ k mi n manTu k ¡

Gñ k

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-50- sartßb,kasinI Gdækfa sMyutþnikay sKafvKÁÁ sm|ÚrN¾edayesckþIsux tmkxageRkay esckþITuk¡nwgman ßminman k* eday elakk* e nAEtehAJküenH edaysMeLgrbs´GñkceRmIn ehIy n@ u H Ég

dU c RsHQU k TaM g Lay

Edlmi n manp, a QU k kþ I

mi n manTw k kþ I

elakk* e hAza RsHQU k dU e cñ a H . OX; 4 kñ ú g RBH:lI z a OXmta enH KW kaemaX; PevaX; Ti e dð a X; ni g Gvi e C¢ a X; . kñ ú g OX;TaM g enaH esckþ I e RtkGreBjci t þ kñ ú g kamKu N

5

eQμ a Hza

kaemaX

.

esckþ I e RtkGreBjci t þ k ñ ú g

rU : rU b PB ni g esckþ I R :zñ a kñ ú g Qan eQμ a Hza PevaX . Ti d ð i 62 eQμ a Hza Ti e dð a X . esckþ I m i n dw g kñ ú g sc© ; 4 eQμ a Hza Gvi e C¢ a X . kñ ú g bNþ a OX;TaM g 4 enaH kaemaX rEmgekI t eLI g kñ ú g ci t þ ú b|aTEdlshKtedayelaP; 8 dY g . PevaX rEmgekI t eLI g kñ ú g citþúb|aTEdlshKtedayelaPTidðiKtvib|yutþ 4 dYg . TiedðaX rEmg ekI t eLI g kñ ú g ci t þ ú b |aTEdlsm|yu t þ e dayTi d ð i K t; 4 dY g . Gvi e C¢ a X rEmgekI t eLI g kñ ú g Gku s lTaM g BY g . k* Z m( T aM g Gs´ e nH eQμ a Hza OX; eRJHGtæ z a Caehtu n aM s tV

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-51- Gdækfa nLvKÁ »XtrNsURt TI 1 eTA ni g eRJHGtæ z a CaKM n rZM ‘rasedð n ’ . Jküza eRJHGtæ z a Ca ehtu n aM s tV e TA GZi b |ayza Caehtu o Zø a k´ e TAkñ ú g xageRkam . Bi t ehI y OX;enH rEmgjú a M g stV T aM g LayEdlenAkñ ú g GM N acrbs´ x ø Ü n oZøak´eTAkñúgxageRkam KW oekItkñúgTuK<tiepSg> mannrkCaedIm mü¨ag eT[t mi n oeTAkñ ú g xagelI KW RBHni B V a n rEmgoeTAkñ ú g xageRkam KW kñ ú gPB 3 kMe NI t 4 Kti 5 viJ ¦aNdðiti 7 nig stþa vas 9 dU e cñHxøH . Jküza eRJHGtæ z a CaKM n rZM GZi b |ayza eRJHBY k énki e lsenHZM pSayGM NaceTA taM gBIGvicI mhanrk drabdl´P vK<PUmi BY kénki els KW OX;enHNa eQμ a Hza manesckþ I e RtkGreBjci t þ k ñ ú g kamKu N 5 sU m |I k ñ ú g OX;d* e ss k* n & y enHÉg . bNÐ i t Kb|I R Cabki e lseQμ a H za OX; eRJHGtæ z a CaKM n rZM edayRbkardU e cñ H . bTza Gtri GZib |ayza eTvbuRtenaHTUlsYrza bBi RtRBHGg< Gñ k ni r Tu k ¡ RBHGg< q ø g OX;sU m |I T aM g 4 enH :ny¨ a gNahñ @ dU e cñ H . lM d ab´ e naH

RBHmanRBHPaK

kalnw g RTg´ v i s C¢ n abJØ a rbs´

eTvtaenaH eTI b Rtas´ J küCaedI m za Gb|ti d ð M xV a hM ERbza tzaKtmi n

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-52- sartßb,kasinI Gdækfa sMyutþnikay sKafvKÁÁ Qb´ C aedI m . bNþ a bTTaM g enaH bTza Gb|ti d ð M EkCa Gb|ti d ð h enþ a ERbza mi n Qb´ . bTza GnayU h M EkCa GnayU h enþ a ERbza mi n Rbw g KW mi n Büayam . RBHmanRBHPaKRtas´ b JØ a eZV I o CaJküEdl bi T :M g ehI y edayRbkardU e cñ H . sUm|IeTvtak*sþab´JküEdlCacMENkxageRkAmun ZmμtazabuK<l Edlqø g OX;

RtÚ v Qrkñ ú g TI E dlxø Ü n KY r Qr

RtÚ v Büayamkñ ú g TI E dl

xø Ü n Kb|I q ø g eTI b qø g eTA:n EtRBHGg< R tas´ z a tzaKtmi n Qb´ mi n Rbw g qø g :nehI y nU v kgki e ls

KW

ki e lsEdldU c CaOX;

‘Gnø g ´

Tw kkY c’ EdlpSayeTAtaMgBIGvicInrkdrabdl´P vK<PUmi dUecñH citþ rbs´ eKk* n w g Rtac´ e TAkan´ e sckþ I s gS& y za enaHCaGV I h ñ @ eTI b eQμ a Hza mi n RCabnU v Gtæ é nbJØ a . sY r za k* R BHmanRBHPaKRTg´ b M e BjRBH:rmI TaM g Lay ehI y seRmcnU v sBV J ¦ ú t J¦ a N edI m |I R tÚ v karRtas´ v tæ ú E dl stV m i n Tan´ : ndw g mi n Emnß . eqø I y za RBHmanRBHPaKseRmcnU v sBV J ¦ ú t J¦ a N RTg´ m anRBHbM N gnw g Rtas´ J küRtw m Etb¨ u e NÑ H k* m i n Emn . k* e Tsnarbs´ R BHmanRBHPaK man 2 y¨ a g KW sEmþ g eday

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-53- Gdækfa nLvKÁ »XtrNsURt TI 1 ni K < h mu x ni g Gnu K < h mu x . kñ ú g bNþ a 2 y¨ a genaH bu K < l BY k Naman esckþ I R bkan´ x ø Ü n za CabNÐ i t rEmgsm< a l´ k ñ ú g vtæ ú E dlxø Ü n mi n dw g za dw gehIy dUcRJhμN ¾ 500 EdlbY sCabBVCit edIm|I RKbsg,t´ manH rbs´ R Jhμ N ¾ ni g bBV C i t TaM g enaH RBHmanRBHPaKeTI b RTg´ s Emþ g Zm( dU c RBHsU RtTaM gLay manmUl briyaysURtCaedIm enHeQμ aHza niK<hmu x eTsna . RBHtRmas´ e nH smdU c EdlRtas´ T u k za mñ a lGannÞ tzaKtnw g eJlRKbsg, t ´ b u K < l EdlKY r RKbsg, t ´ tem, I g bu K < l EdlKY r elI k tem, I g

tzaKtnw g elI k

Pi k ¡ ú N amanZm( C asar;

Pi k ¡ ú e naHnw g

taM g enA dU e cñ H . cM E NkCnBY k Na CaGñ k Rtg´ R:zñ a cM e JHkarsi k Sa RBHmanRBHPaK rEmgsEmþ g Zm( d l´ C nTaM g enaH eZV I o CaGñ k dw g :ngay dU c kñ ú g sU R tTaM g Lay manGakeg¡ y üsU R tCaedI m TaM g jú a M g CnTaM g enaH orY cpu t dUckñ ú gJküza mña ltis S; Gñ keRtkGréRkElg mña ltisS; GñkeRtkGréRkElg edayOvaTEdltzaKteJlehIy edaykarsikSa EdltzaKteJlehI y . edayGnu s asnI E dltzaKteJlehI y

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-54- sartßb,kasinI Gdækfa sMyutþnikay sKafvKÁÁ dU e cñ H enHeQμ a Hza Gnu K < h mu x eTsna . k* e Tvbu R tenH manmanHrw g tÁ w g ‘manesckþ I r w g tÁ w g eRBaHesckþ I Rbkan´ x ø Ü n ’ sm< a l´ x ø Ü n za CabNÐ i t . :n»za eTvbu R tenaH:nman esckþ I K i t y¨ a genHza eyI g rEmgdw g OX; rEmgdw g nU v esckþ I E dlRBHtzaKtRTg´ q ø g OX;:nehI y bu ¨ E nþ z a eyI g mi n Tan´ d w g ehtu Rtw m Et b¨ u e NÑ H za RBHmanRBHPaKRTg´ q ø g OX; edayehtu e nH:n y¨ a gNa dU e cñ H eyI g nw g dw g Gtæ E dlRBHmanRBHPaKRTg´ R CabenaHÉg JküNa ti c ßeRcI n EdleyI g mi n Tan´ d w g eyI g nw g dw g JküenaH EdlRBHmanRBHPaKRtas´R:b´ehI yenaHÉg eRJHza JküEdlRBHmanRBHPaK Rtas´ y ¨ a gNaenaH eyI g mi n Tan´ R Cab dU e cñ H . lM d ab´ e naH RBHbrmsasþ a eTI b Rtas´ b JØ a eZV I o CabJØ a kM : M g ‘KW y l´ l M : k’ edayRBHtRmi H za eTvbu R tenHmi n Tan´ l Hbg´ m anHenH k* m i n KY r nw g TTY l Zm( e Tsna eRb{bdU c sM B t´ E dlenAsAhμ g ‘mi n Tan´ CM r HosÁ a t’ mi n KY r nw g RClk´ B N( tzaKtnw g RKbsg, t ´ m anHrbs´ eTvbuRtenHmun ehIynwgRbkasesckþIenaHeT[t dl´GñkmancitþRbesIr

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-55- Gdækfa nLvKÁ »XtrNsURt TI 1 sY r ehI y dU e cñ H . sU m |I e Tvbu R tenaH

k* C aGñ k manmanHEdlRBHGg< n aM e cjehI y

ni geTsnaenaH Kb|IRCabedayJküsYrbJØ aoéRkElgeLI geTA eRJH CaGñ k manmanHEdlRBHGg< n aM e cjehI y n@ u H Ég TaM g esckþ I e nH k* : n CaRbeyaCn¾ d l´ b u K < l EdlsY r bJØ a eTvbu R tTU l sY r za bBi R tRBHGg< Gñ k ni r Tu k ¡ k* R BHGg< m i n Qb´ mi n Rbw g qø g OX;:ny¨ a gNa x\ ú M R BHGg< nw gRCab:nedayRbkarNa sUmRBHGg<Rtas´R:b´dl´x\úM RBHGg< e day RbkarenaHcu H dU e cñ H . lM d ab´ e naH RBHmanRBHPaKkalnw g Rtas´ t bbJØ a dl´ e Tvbu R t enaH eTI b Rtas´ z a yTa sV a hM CaedI m . bNþ a bTTaM g enaH bTza yTa sV a hM EkCa ysμ w kael GhM ‘ERbza kñ ú g kalNaeyI g ’ . su GkSr CaRtw m Etni : t . k* su GkSrkñ ú g TI e nHy¨ a gNa kñ ú g bTTaM g BY g k* d U e cñ a H . bTza sM s I T ami esckþ I z a kaleyI g mi n qø g k* l i c cu H kñ ú g TI e naHÉg . bTza ni B V ú y Ø a mi esckþ I z a kaleyI g mi n GactaM g enA k* r EmgRbRBw t þ e TAknø g

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-56- sartßb,kasinI Gdækfa sMyutþnikay sKafvKÁÁ bJØ a sU m|I RBHmanRBHPaKRtas´e hIyy¨agenHza tzaKtmi n Qb´ min Rbw g qø g OX;:nehI y dU e cñ H sU m |I n w g CabJØ a EdleTvtaRCabehI y Etk* m i n Cak´ c |as´ eRJHeXI j eTas KW karmi n yl´ eRJHkarQb´ ni g kñ ú g esckþ I B üayam edI m |I e ZV I G tæ e naHoR:kd elakeTI b sEmþ g Zm( EdlCaBY k Tu k ; 7 BY k . Bi t ehI y eJledayGM N acki e ls kalbu K < l Qb´ eQμ a Hza rEmgli c cu H . eJledayGM N acGPi s g¡ a r kalbu K < l Rbw g eQμ a Hza rEmgGENþ t . mü¨ a geT[t eJledaytNØ a rEmgli c cu H

.

ni g Ti d ð i

kalbu K < l Qb´

eQμ a Hza

eJledayGM N acénki e lsd* e ss

ni g GPi s g¡ a rTaM g Lay kalbu K < l Rbw g eQμ a Hza rEmg GENþ t . mü¨ ageT[t eJledayGMNacéntNØa kalbuK<lQb´ eQμ aH za rEmgli c cu H . eJledayGM N acénTi d ð i kalbu K < l Rbw g eQμ a H za rEmgGENþ t . mü¨ a geT[t eJledayssStTi d ð i kalbu K < l

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-57- Gdækfa nLvKÁ »XtrNsURt TI 1 Qb´ eQμ a Hza rEmgli c cu H . eJledayóecä T Ti d ð i kalbu K < l Rbw g eQμ a Hza rEmgGENþ t eRJHza PvTi d ð i Rbkan´ m aM k ñ ú g manHEdlCaZm( yWtyU r EtviPvTi d ð iRbkan´ maMkñú gkarRtac´e TA . mü¨ageT[t eJleday GM N ackarCab´

kalQb´

eQμ a Hza

rEmgli c cu H

.

eJleday

GM N acóTÆ c © ; kalRbw g eQμ a Hza rEmgGENþ t . mY y eT[t eJledaykamsu x lø i k anu e yaK kalbu K < l Qb´ eQμ a Hza rEmgli c cu H . eJledayGtþ k i l mzanu e yaK kalRbw g eQμ a Hza rEmgGENþ t . eJledayGM N acénGku s laPi s g¡ a rTaM g Gs´ kalbu K < l Qb´ eQμ a Hza rEmgli c cu H . eJledayGM N ac énku s laPi s g¡ a rEdlCaelaki y ¾ T aM g Gs´ kalbu K < l Rbw g eQμ a Hza rEmgGENþ t

.

RbkarenH

smBi t dU c RBHmanRBHPaKRtas´ T u k za

esyüzabi cu n Þ eyekci Gku s la Zmμ a seBV et GeZa PaKM K mnI y a eyekci ku s la Zmμ a seBV et óbri P aKM KmnI y a dU e cñ H ERbza mñ a lcu n Þ ; Gku s lZm( B Y k NamY y manehI y Gku s lZm( B Y k enaH

Kb|I B nø i c cu H eTAkñ ú g xageRkam

ku s lZm( B Y k NamY y manehI y

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-58- sartßb,kasinI Gdækfa sMyutþnikay sKafvKÁÁ ku s lZm( B Y k enaH Kb|I G ENþ t eLI g eTAkñ ú g cM E NkxagelI . eTvta sþ a b´ v i s C¢ n abJØ a enHehI y taM g enAkñ ú g esatabtþ i p l CaGñ k eRtkGr ehI y RCHzø a ehI y Rbkasdl´ e sckþ I e RtkGr ni g esckþ I R CHzø a rbs´ xø Ü n eTI b eBalJküCaKaza ci r sSM vt CaedI m ERbza yU r Nas´ mkehI y x\ ú Me TIbnwgeXIj xINasvRJhμN¾ Gñkrlt´ e dayCuMv ijehIy mi n Qb´ mi n Rbw g ehI y qø g tNØ a CaeRK}gCab´ k ñ ú g elak . bNþ a bT TaM g enaH bTza ci r sSM esckþ I z a edaykalEdlknø g eTAGs´ k al yU r . :n»za eTvtaenH eXI j RBHsmμ a sm¬ ú T Æ R BHnamza ksSb; cab´ t aM g BI R BHGg< b ri n i B V a nmkemø H mi n Zø a b´ : neXI j RBHBu T Æ R BHGg< d éT kñ ú g cenø a Hkald* y U r GEgV g enH

eRJHdU e cñ a H

RKaeXI j RBHmanRBHPaK

kñ ú g ézá e nH eTI b :nRkabTU l y¨ a genH . sY r za k* k ñ ú g kalmu n GM B I k al enH eTvtaGg< e nH mi n Zø a b´ e XI j RBHbrmsasþ a ß . eqø I y za eXI j ßmi n eXIj cU relI kTu ksi n cu H eRJHGaRs& yTsSn; ‘KWseRmcesatabtþ i m K< ’ k* s mKY r nw g eJly¨ a genH .

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-59- Gdækfa nLvKÁ »XtrNsURt TI 1 bTza RBahμ N M :ndl´ xI N asvRJhμ N ¾ CaGñ k man:b EdlbnSat´ b g´ e hI y . bTza bri n i B V ú t M :ndl´ Gñ k rlt´ C u M v i j ehI y edaykarrlt´ ki e ls . bTza elaek :ndl´ kñ ú g stV e lak . kñ ú g bTza

vi s tþ i k M

enH

tNØ a

elakehAza

CaeRK}gCab´

eRJHehtu énkarCab´ CMB ak´ nigesckþI R:zñ akñú gGarmμN¾ T aMgLay man rU : rmμ N ¾ C aedI m GZi b |ayza eTvtaRkabTU l za yU r Nas´ m kehI y x\ ú M R BHGg< e TI b nw g eXI j xI N asvRJhμ N ¾ Gñ k mi n Qb´ mi n Rbw g Etqø g OX;:nehI y knø g pu t ehI y KW dkecjehI y nU v tNØ a EdlCaeRK}g Cab´ e naH dU e cñ H .

[3] bTza smnueBa¦a stæa Gehasi esckþIza RBHsasþaRTg´ sresI r Jkürbs´ e Tvta EdlmanGCÄas& y tm, l ´ m aM edayRBHT& y b¨ u e NÑ a H . bTza

Gnþ r Zayi esckþ I z a eTvtaenaH lHbg´ k ayEdl

xø Ü n tak´ E tgehI y

taM g enAkñ ú g kayEdlCaó:Ti n ñ k ;tamRbRktI r bs´

xø Ü n eRJHmanesckþ I R:zñaEdlseRmcehIy manTIB w gEdl:nehI y

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-60- sartßb,kasinI Gdækfa sMyutþnikay sKafvKÁÁ :nbUCaRBHTsBledayeRK}gRkGUbTaM g Lay ni gkRmgp,aeQI ehIy RtLb´ e TAkan´ B i P Brbs´ x ø Ü n dU e cñ H Ég .

cb;Gdækfa »XtrNsURtTI 1 3

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-61- Gdæ k fa nLvKÁ ni e makç s U R t TI 2 G dð k za ni e mak¡ s U R tTI 2

«LÚ v enH taM g BI s U R tTI 2 CaedI m eTA x\ ú M l Hesckþ I E dlman mkehI y kñ ú g sU R tTI 1 ni g esckþ I E dlgayehI y nw g BN( n aesckþ I Edlmi n Tan´ : nBN( n a ni g esckþ I E dlmi n Tan´ C ak´ c |as´ b ¨ u e NÑ a H .

[ 5 ] bTza Canasi ena elakEkCa Canasi nu ERbza RTg´ rEmgRCabßhñ @ . bTza ni e mak¡ M CaedI m CaeQμ a Hrbs´ Z m( T aM g Lay manmK< C aedI m . Bi t ehI y stV T aM g Lay rEmgrY c pu t BI e RK}gcg KW ki e ls:nedaymK< eRJHdU e cñ a H elakeTI b eJlza mK< C apø Ú v rY c pu t rbs´ s tV T aM g Lay dU e cñ H . cM E Nkkñ ú g xN;énpl stV T aM g Lay enaH rY c pu t ehI y GM B I e RK}gcg KW ki e ls eRJHdU e cñ a H elakeTI b eJlza pl CaeRK}grY c pu t rbs´ s tV T aM g Lay dU e cñ H . Tu k ¡ T aM g BY g rbs´ s tV T aM g Lay

rEmgsá b ´ r má a b´ e TA

eRJHseRmcRBHni B V a n

dU e cñ a H eTI b eJlza RBHni B V a nCaTI s á a t´ dU e cñ H .

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-62- sartßb,kasinI Gdækfa sMyutþnikay sKafvKÁÁ mü¨ ageT[t Zm( T aMgGs´enH CaeQμaHrbs´ RBHniB Vann@u HÉg eRJH za stV T aM gLayrEmgput rEmgrYcpu t rEmgsáb´rmá ab´GMB ITuk¡T aM gGs´ eRJHseRmcRBHni B V a n eRJHdU e cñ a H ni B V a nenaHÉg elakeTI b eJlza ni e maek¡ a karrY c pu t bemaek¡ a karpu t RsLH vi e veka TI s á a t´ dU e cñ H . bTza Canami xV a hM ERbza eyI g rEmgs< a l´ e dayBi t . exa GkSr eRbI k ñ ú g Gtæ n & y za Bi t GZi b |ayza eyI g rEmgdw g :nedayBi t . Bi t ehI y eyI g ‘tzaKt’ jú a M g :rmI 30 oeBj ehI y seRmcsBV J ¦ ú t J¦ a N

edI m |I R tas´ d w g nU v Zm( E dlCapø Ú v rY c pu t énstV

TaM g LayCaedI m n@ u H Ég edayehtu e nH eyI g eTI b bnø W s I h naT . :n »za sU R tenH eQμ a Hza Bu T Æ s I h naT .

[ 5 ] bTza nnÞ i P vbri k ¡ y a GZi b |ayza eRJHkarGs´ e TAeday CuMvijénkmμPB EdlmanesckþIePøItePøInCamUl sUm|InwgeJlza eRJH karGs´ e TAénesckþ I e Pø I t ePø I n ni g PB dU e cñ H k* K Y r . kñ ú g bu r i m n& y enaH bNÐ i tKb|I RCabza sg¡ ark¡nÆ EdlkmμPBkan´y kehIy edayGM Nac énGPi s g¡ a r KW kmμ 3 y¨ a g . xnÆ 2 ‘evTna ni g sJ¦ a xnÆ ’ Edl

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-63- Gdæ k fa nLvKÁ ni e makç s U R t TI 2 sm|yu t þ e dayZm( ‘sg¡ a rk¡ n Æ ’ enaH EdlsJ¦ a ni g vi J ¦ a Nk¡ n Æ k an´ ykehIy . EtevTnaEdlsm|yutþe dayxnÆ 3 ‘sJ¦ a sg¡ ar viJ ¦aNk¡ n Æ ’ TaM g enaH elakkan´ y kehI y edaykarkan´ y knamZm( T aM g enaH eRJHdUe cñ aH niB Van Edlrlt´ki e lsenAmanCIv it ‘só:Tie ssniB V an’ EdlRBHmanRBHPaKRtas´e hIy edayGM Nacénkarmi nman teTA ‘KW C aTI s á a t´ ’ énnamk¡ n Æ 4 EdlCaGnu : Ti n ñ k ; dU e cñ H . kñ ú g bTza evTnanMn ie raZa óbsma :ndl´ eRJHesckþ I r lt´ ni g eRJH esckþ I s á b ´ é nevTnaEdlCaó:Ti n ñ k ; . kñ ú g RBH:lI e naH xnÆ 3 Edl sm|yu t þ e dayevTnaenaH CaZm( E dlelakkan´ y kehI y edaykar kan´ y kevTnaenaHÉg . sU m |I r U b k¡ n Æ elakk* k an´ y kedayGM N ac énvtæ ú ni gGarmμN ¾ rbs´namxnÆ T aMgenaH . eRBaHehtue nH niB Van Edl mi nmankmμ CrU b ni gvi : kxnÆd* ess ‘ehAza Gnu: TiessniB Van’ eTIb Rtas´ T u k edayGM N acénesckþ I m i n manteTA ‘KW C aTI s á a t´ ’ énxnÆ 5 EdlCaGnu: Ti n ñ k; dUecñ H edayRbkardUe cñH . Etkñú gn&yTI 2 sg¡ ark¡ n Æ elakkan´ y kedaykarkan´ y knni Þ KW esckþ I e Pø I t ePø I n . rU b k¡ n Æ

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-64- sartßb,kasinI Gdækfa sMyutþnikay sKafvKÁÁ eJlKW ób|tþ i P B elakkan´ y k edaykarkan´ y kPB . kaleJledayseg¡ b xnÆ 3 CaZm( E dlelakkan´ y kehI y edaysJ¦ a xnÆ C aedI m Etmü¨ a g . bNÐ i t Kb|I R Cabza RBHni B V a n Edl RBHmanRBHPaKRtas´ e hI y edayGM N acénesckþ I m i n manteTA ‘KW C aTI sá a t´ ’ énxnÆ 5 TaM g enH dU c BN( n amkdU e cñ H . RBHezr;Gñ k er[nKm¬ I r ni k ay 4 eBjci t þ n & y enHÉg . RBHmanRBHPaK RTg´júaMgeTsnaocb´eRscehIyedayGMNac énRBHni B V a nedayRbkary¨ a genH dU e cñ H Ég .

cb;Gdækfa niemakçs URtTI 2 3

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-65- Gdæ k fa nLvKÁ ]benyüsU R t TI 2 G dð k za óbenyüsU R tTI 3 Kb|I R Cabvi n i c ä & y kñ ú g óbenyüsU R tTI 3 teTA ?

[ 7 ] bTza óbnI y ti :ndl´ rEmgGs´ e TAedayCu M v i j rEmg rlt´

ßza

rEmgmkdl´

KW

rEmgcU l dl´ m rN;edaylM d ab´

.

mü¨ a geT[t GZi b |ayza hV Ú g eKaEdlnayeKa:ledjek[geTA y¨ a g Na CI v i t enHk* d U e cñ a H RtÚ v CranaM e TAkan´ e sckþ I s ø a b´ . bTza CI v i t M :ndl´ CI v i t i ® nÞ i y . bTza Gb|M ERbza ti c tY c KW bnþ i c bnþ Ü c . bNÐ i t Kb|I R Cabesckþ I z a CI v i t KW Gayu e naHCarbs´ t i c edayGakar 2 y¨ a g KW eQμ a Hza ti c eRJHCI v i t enaH RbRBw t þ e TAedaykarrs KW esckþ I s absU n üeTA ni g eRJHCI v i t enaH RbkbedayxN; KW Rtw m Et mY y xN; . Bi t ehI y eRJHRBH:lI z a eya Pi k ¡ e v ci r M CI v ti esa vsSstM Gb|M va Pi e yüa ERbza mñ a lPi k ¡ ú T aM g Lay bu K < l Nars´ e nAyU r

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-66- sartßb,kasinI Gdækfa sMyutþnikay sKafvKÁÁ bu K < l enaHk* K b|I r s´ e nAmY y ryqñ a M ti c Cagxø H eRcI n Cagxø H dU e cñ H eTI b eQμ a Hza ti c eRJHCI v i t enHRbRBw t þ e TACab´ e dayrs KW esckþ I s absU n üeTA . k* k aleJlGM B I b rmtæ xN;énCI v i t rbs´ s tV T aM g Layti c KW RbRBw tþ e TARtw mEtci tþ mYydYgb¨u eNÑaH ‘eJlGMBI brmtæ xN;man 3 KW ób|aTxN; fi t i x N; Pg< x N;’ eTI b eQμ a Hza ti c eRJHCI v i t nam enaH CasPav;RbRBwtþeTACab´edayxN; . óbmaedaykg´énrz sUm|I kalvileTA rEmgvileTAedaycMENkénkg´rzb¨ueNÑaH sUm|IkalQb´ k* rEmgQb´ e daycM E Nkénkg´ r zn@ u H Ég y¨ a gNa CI v i t rbs´ s tV T aM g Lay rEmgRbRBw t þ e TAkñ ú g xN;énci t þ m Y y dY g k* d U e cñ a HEdr kalci t þ dY g enaHrlt´e hIy k* ehAza stVs øab´e hIy dUcJküEdlRTg´Rtas´ Tu k za ? GtI e t ci t þ k ¡ e N CI v i t æ n CI v ti n CI v i s Sti GnaKet ci t þ k ¡ e N

n

CI v i t æ

n

CI v ti

CI v i s Sti

.

bc© ú b |enñ

ci t þ k ¡ e N n CI v i t æ CI v ti n CI v i s Sti .

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-67- Gdæ k fa nLvKÁ ]benyüsU R t TI 2 kñ ú g xN;énci t þ E dlCaGtI t bu K < l eQμ a Hza rs´ e nAehI y mi n EmnkM B u g rs´ e nA

kñ ú g xN;énci t þ E dlCaGnaKt

mi n Emnnw g rs´ e nA

bu K < l eQμ a Hza nw g rs´ e nA mi n Emnrs´ e nAehI y mi n EmnkM B u g rs´ e nA kñ ú g xN;énci t þ E dlCabc© ú b |nñ bu K < l eQμ a Hza kM B u g rs´ e nA mi n Emn rs´ e nAehI y mi n Emnnw g rs´ e nA . CI v i t M

Gtþ P aeva

c

su x Tu k ¡ a

c

ekvla

Ékci t þ s mayu t þ a lhu e sa vtþ e t xeNa . CI v i t KW Gtþ P aB su x ni g Tu k ¡ T aM g Gs´ Rbkbedayci t þ d Y g Et mY y xN;rbs´ c i t þ e naH rEmgRbRBw t þ e TAel]nrh& s . ey

ni r u T Æ a

mrnþ s S

seBV b i sTi s a xnÆ a

ti d ð m ansS

va

«Z

Kta Gb|di s nÆ i y a .

ci t þ B Y k Narbs´ s tV EdlkM B u g taM g enA ßkM B u g sø a b´ rlt´ e TA ehI y kñ ú g elakenH

ci t þ T aM g Gs´ e naH

mi n :nRtLb´ m kekI t eT[teT

sU m |I x nÆ T aM g Layk* d U c Kñ a . Gni B V e tþ n n Caeta bc© ú b |enñ n CI v ti ci t þ P g< m eta

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-68- sartßb,kasinI Gdækfa sMyutþnikay sKafvKÁÁ elaeka brmtæ i y a . eRJHci t þ m i n ekI t stV e lakk* e Qμ a Hza mi n ekI t eRJHci t þ e kI t eLI g stV e lakk* e Qμ a Hza rs´ e nA eRJHesckþ I r lt´ é nci t þ stV e lak eTI b eQμ a Hza sø a b´ e hI y enHCabJ¦ t þ i C ab´ e daybrmtæ . bTza CrU b ntsS GZi b |ayza kalbu K < l cU l dl´ C raehI y ßza kalbuK< lRtÚ vCranaM cU leTAkan´ s mñ ak´énesckþIs øab´ . bTza n snþ i

taNa

GZi b |ayza

nrNa>

eQμ a Hza

GacedI m |I n w g okar

karJr KW okarrY c pu t P& y oCaTI B w g :n rEmgmi n man . bTza ÉtM PyM esckþ I z a P& y enHman 3 y¨ a g KW karcU l dl´ e sckþ I s ø a b´ énCIviti®nÞiy Civiti®nÞiymanGayutic nigminmaneRK}gRbyuTÆrbs´buK<l EdlRtÚ v Craek[geTAehI y GZi b |ayza CaTI t aM g énP& y ‘Pyvtæ ú ’ KW Caehtu é nP& y ‘PykarNM ’ . bTza bu B a¦ a ni kyi r az su x avhani :ndl´ vi J ¦ Ú C nKb|I e ZV I b u N üTaM g Lay EdlnaM e sckþ I s u x mko KW onU v esckþ I s u x . edayehtu e nH eTvtasM e dAykrU : vcrQan eTI b kan´ ykbuB V ectna muB a©nectna ni gGbrectna ehIyeJldl´buN ü

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-69- Gdæ k fa nLvKÁ ]benyüsU R t TI 2 TaM g Lay edayGM N acénJküBhu v cn; . ni g kan´ y kesckþ I e Bj ci t þ k ñ ú g Qan

esckþ I R :zñ a kñ ú g Qan

ni g esckþ I s u x kñ ú g Qan

eTI b

eJlza bu N üTaM g LaynaM e sckþ I s u x mko dU e cñ H . :n»za eTvtaenaH mankarKi t za O!stV T aM g Lay ceRmI n QanehI y

manQanmi n Tan´ s absU n ü

eZV I m rNkalehI y

Kb|I

taM g enAkñ ú g RBhμ e lak rhU t dl´ G s´ e vlad* y U r GEgV g KW RbmaN 1 kb|xø H 4 kb|xø H 8 kb|xø H 16 kb|xø H 32 kb|xø H 64 kb|xø H dU e cñ H eRJHxø Ü n ÉgekI t kñ ú g RBhμ e lakEdlmanGayu E vgyU r eTI b eXI j stV T aM g LayEdlkM B u g sø a b´ kM B u g ekI t EdlmanGayu t i c kñ ú g eTvta Can´ kamavcrxageRkam dU ckarZø ak´cu HénRKab´ e Pø{gRtw mEtb¨HxÞb´ k* E bk eTA eRJHdU e cñ a H eTI b eJlehI y y¨ a genH . lM d ab´ e naH RBHmanRBHPaKRTg´ R BHtRmi i H za k* e TvtaenHrEmg eJlvdþ k za ‘JküEdlRbRBw t þ e TAkñ ú g vdþ ; ’ Edlmi n smrmü kal nw g RTg´ s Emþ g vi v dþ k za dl´ e TvtaenaH eTI b Rtas´ R BHKaza TI 2 .

[ 8 ] bNþ a bTénKaza TI 2 TaM g enaH bTza elakami s M :n

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-70- sartßb,kasinI Gdækfa sMyutþnikay sKafvKÁÁ dl´ elakami s 2 y¨ag KW bri yayelakami s ‘elakamis Edl Caehtu’ nib|riyayelakamis ‘elakamisEdlminCaehtu’ vdþ;Edl RbRBw t þ e TAkñ ú g PU m i 3 ehAza bri y ayelakami s . bc© & y KW eRK}g GaRs& y 4 y¨ a g ehAza ni b |ri y ayelakami s . kñ ú g TI e nHelak R:zñ a ykbri y ayelakami s EdlBi t sU m |I n i b |ri y ayelakami s k* K Y r kñ ú g TI e nHdU c Kñ a . bTza snþ i e bek¡ a GZi b |ayza R:zñ a ehI y RtÚ v karehI y cg´ :nnU v snþ i E dlyW n yU r eJlKW RBHni B V a n .

cb;Gdækfa ]benyüsURtTI 3 3

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-71- Gdæ k fa nLvKÁ Gec© n þ i s U R t TI 4 G dð k za Gec© n þ i s U R tTI 4

Kb|I R Cabvi n i c ä & y kñ ú g Gec© n þ i s U R tTI 4 teTA ?

[ 10 ]

bTza Gec© n þ i ERbza rEmgknø g eTA . bTza kala

:ndl´ bu e rPtþ k alCaedI m . bTza trynþ i rtþ i e ya :ndl´ kal raRtI T aM g LayQanknø g eTA rEmgpu t eTA KW rEmgobu K < l Edlnw g sø a b´ e TA Ci t esckþ I s ø a b´ e dayrh& s . bTza veyaKu N a :ndl´ Ku N KW kg ‘CM n an´ ’ énbfmv& y mCÄi m v& y ni g bcä i m v& y . Bi t ehI y Gtæ é n Ku N s& B Þ eRbI k ñ ú g Gtæ e RcI n y¨ a g dU c kñ ú g Gtæ za Can´ é nsM B t´ dU c RBH:lI z a Gnu C anami Pi k ¡ e v GhtanM vtæ a nM Ti K u N M

sM X adM

ERbza

mñ a lPi k ¡ ú T aM g Lay

tzaKtGnu J ¦ a tsM B t´

sg¹adi e ZV I o Ca 2 Can´ EdleZV I e daysM B t´ z μ I dU e cñ H . manGtæ z a Gani s gS kñ ú g bTenHza stKu N aTi k ¡ i N a :di k g¡ i t BV a ERbza Kb|I

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-72- sartßb,kasinI Gdækfa sMyutþnikay sKafvKÁÁ R:zñ a nU v Tk¡ i N aTaM g ry . Gtæ é n Ku N s& B Þ Edlmanesckþ I s M e dA dl´ ekadð a s dU c kñ ú g Jküza Gnþ M Gnþ K u N M ERbza eJHev[nZM eJHev[ntU c . Edlmanesckþ I s M e dAdl´ eRK}gcg dU c kñ ú g Jküza bBa© kamKu N a ERbza eRK}gcg KW kam 5 y¨ a g dU e cñ H . Etkñ ú g TI e nH Gtæ é n Ku N s& B Þ eRbI k ñ ú g Gtæ z a rasi EdlERbza KM n r ßKN; eRJH dU e cñaH bNÐ itKb|I RCabbTza veyaKuNa enHza CaKM n rénv& y dU e cñ H . bTza Gnu b u B V M Chnþ i GZi b |ayza v& y TaM g LayrEmglHbg´ e cal bu K< l eTAedaylMd ab´ . Bi tNas´ bfmv&y rEmglHbg´e calbuK<l Gñ k taM g enAkñ ú g mCÄi m v& y ç bfmv& y ni g mCÄi m v& y TaM g BI r rEmglHbg´ ecalbu K < l EdlGñ k enAkñ ú g bcä i m v& y bu ¨ E nþ z a kñ ú g xN;énesckþ I s ø a b´ sU m |I v & y TaM g 3 k* R tÚ v lHbg´ e calbu K < l enaHÉg . bTza ÉtM PyM esckþ I z a P& y 3 y¨ a genH KW karQancu H eTAénkalTaM g Lay raRtI ni g Ti v aknø g eTAedayrh& s

ni g KM n rénv& y TaM g LayRtÚ v lHbg´ e cal

bu K < l eTA . Jküd* e ssdU c nw g n& y mu n n@ u H Ég .

cb;Gdækfa Gec©nþis URt TI 4 3

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-73- Gdæ k fa nLvKÁ kti q i n Þ i s U R t TI 5 G dð k za kti q i n Þ i s U R tTI 5 Kb|I R Cabvi n i c ä & y kñ ú g kti q i n Þ i s U R tTI 5 teTA

[ 11 ]

?

bTza kti qi e nÞ :ndl´ bu K < l kalkat´ KY r kat´ n U v

Zm( b ¨ u n μ a n . sU m |I k ñ ú g bTd* e ssk* n & y enH . k* k ñ ú g bTza qi e nÞ Ceh enH eJlGM B I G tæ E tmü¨ a gdU c Kñ a . eTvtaenH kalev[rJküdEdl> k* e dI m |I C aRbeyaCn¾ d l´ k arRbB& n Æ K aza eTI b :neJlehI y y¨ a genH . bTza

kti

sg< a ti e ta

ERbza

Pi k ¡ ú k nø g Zm( E dlCaeRK}gCab´ C M J k´

b¨ u n μ a n . RBH:lI z a sg< a ti e ka xø H . manesckþ I d U c Kñ a .

[ 12 ] bTza bBa© qi e nÞ :ndl´ kalkat´ KY r kat´ O rmÖ a Ki y seJ¦ a Cn; 5 y¨ a g . bTza bBa© Ceh :ndl´ kallH KY r lH óTÆ mÖaKi yseJ¦ aCn; 5 y¨ag karkat´ ni gkarlH sUm|Ikñú gTIenH kal eJlGM B I Gtæ k* Etmü¨ agdU cKñ a EtRBHmanRBHPaKRtas´y¨agenH k* eRJH osmnw g JküEdleTvtaGagmk . mü¨ ageT[t RBHmanRBHPaK rEmgRtas´ za OrmÖ aKiyseJ¦a Cn;

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-74- sartßb,kasinI Gdækfa sMyutþnikay sKafvKÁÁ 5 CaeRK}gGU s TajoZø a k´ e TAkñ ú g xageRkam dU c Kñ a nw g du M z μ E dleKcg Tu k Rtg´ e CI g Kb|I k at´ s eJ¦ a Cn;enaH:nedayRBHGnaKami m K< dU e cñ H ni g Rtas´ z a

óTÆ m Ö a Ki y seJ¦ a Cn;

5

EdlGU s TajeTAkñ ú g cM E Nk

xagelI dU cKñ anw gEmkeQI EdlbuK<leRbIédcab´ nw gKb|I l HseJ¦ aCn; enaH:nedayRBHGrhtþ m K< dU e cñ H . bTza bBa© vu t þ r i P avey esckþ I za kalceRmI n Ku N vi e ssoéRkElg KW oeRcI n eLI g edI m |I R tÚ v kar kat´ ni gedIm|I RtÚ v karlHseJ¦aCn;TaM genaH KYrceRmIn«®nÞi y TaMg Lay mansTÆ a CaTI 5 . bTza

bBa© s g< a ti e ta

esckþ I z a

Qanknø g ehI y nU v Zm( C a

eRK}gCab´ C M J k´ 5 TaM g enH KW eRK}gCab´ C M J k´ KW raK; eRK}gCab´ CM J k´ KW eTas; eRK}gCab´CM J k´ KW emah; eRK}gCab´CM Jk´ KW manH eRK}gCab´ CM J k´ KW Ti d ð i . bTza OXti e NÑ a ti vu c © t i eKeJlza qø g OX;TaM g 5 :nehI y Etkñ ú g RBHKazaenH eJldl´ « ®nÞ i y 5 TaM g elaki y ; ni g elaku t þ r ; dU e cñ H Ég .

cb;Gdækfa ktiq inÞis URtTI 5 3

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-75- Gdæ k fa nLvKÁ CaKrsU R t TI 6 G dð k za CaKrsU R tTI 6 Kb|I R Cabvi n i c ä & y CaKrsU R tTI 6 teTA ?

[ 13 ] bTza CaKrtM ERbza Pá a k´ e hI y . bTza bBa© CaKrtM GZi b |ayza k* k aleJlGM B I K azaEdlvi s C¢ n a kal«®nÞ i y 5 man sTÆ a CaedI m Pá a k´ e hI y nI v rN; 5 k* e Qμ a Hza lk´ eRJHehtu G V I . eRJHza bu K < l Edldl´ R BmedaynI v rN; 5 enaH Gg< ú y kþ I Qrkþ I sU m |I e dkdrabGru N rHkþ I k ñ ú g TI N amY y rEmgCaGñ k eQμ a Hza lk´ e hI y eRJHesckþ I R bmaT KW eRJHCaGñ k dl´ R BmedayGku s l kalnI v rN; 5 enH lk´ e hI y y¨ a genH «®nÞ i y 5 eTI b eQμ a Hza Pá a k´ eRJH ehtu G V I . eRJHza bu K < l Edldl´ R Bmeday«®nÞ i y 5 mansTÆ a Ca edI m enaH sU m |I e dklk´ k ñ ú g TI N amY y k* e Qμ a Hza CaGñ k Pá a k´ eRJHkar mi n RbmaT KW eRJHCaGñ k dl´ R Bmedayku s l . bu K < l rEmgkan´ y k rEmgsmaTan

rEmgRbkan´ m aM n U v ZU l I

KW

ki e lsedaynI v rN; 5

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-76- sartßb,kasinI Gdækfa sMyutþnikay sKafvKÁÁ n@ u H Ég . Kb|I R Cabesckþ I e nHza nI v rN;TaM g Lay mankamqnÞ ; CaedI m EdlekI t mu n

rEmgCabc© & y dl´ k amqnÞ ; CaedI m

EdlekI t eLI g eBl

eRkaydU e cñ H CaedI m eTI b eC]za bu K < l rEmgbri s u T Æ i e day«®nÞ i y

5

dU e cñ H . sU m |I k ñ ú g TI e nH elakeJl«®nÞ i y 5 TaM g EdlCaelaki y ; ni g elaku t þ r ; dU e cñ H Ég .

cb;Gdækfa CaKrsURtTI 6 3

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-77- Gdæ k fa nLvKÁ Gb,di v i T i t sU R t TI 7 G dð k za Gb|di v i T i t sU R tTI 7 Kb|I R Cabvi n i c ä & y kñ ú g Gb|di v i T i t sU R tTI 7 teTA ?

[ 15 ] bTza Zmμ a :ndl´ sc© Z m( 4 . bTza Gb|di v i T i t a :ndl´ mi n Tan´ : ncak´ Z ø ú H edayjaN . bTza brvaeTsu :ndl´ kñ ú g vaT;EdlRbkbedayTi d ð i 62 Bi t ehI y vaT;TaM g enaH eQμ a Hza vaT;rbs´ C nBY k déT eRJHCavaT; rbs´ B Y k ti r æ i y déT eRkAGM B I v aT;kñ ú g sasnaenH . bTza nIyer :ndl´ rEmgXøateTAtamZmμtarbs´xøÜnxøH buK<l déTrEmgTaj ‘naM ’ eTAxø H . kñ ú g bTTaM g enaH kalkan´ y kvaT;za eT[gCaedI medayxø Ü n Ég eQμaHza rEmgXø ateTA . kalkan´y kvaT; za eT[genaH tamJkürbs´ G ñ k déT eQμ a Hza RtÚ v Gñ k déTnaM e TA . bTza kaela etsM bBu C Äi t u M GZi b |ayza kalenH CakalsmKY r edI m |I n w g Pá a k´ r bs´ b u K < l TaM g enaH . Bi t Nas´ RBHBu T Æ R Tg´ ó b|tþ i e LI g kñúgelak RBHZm(EdlRBHGg<RTg´Rtas´sEmþg RBHsg¹CaGñkbdibtþilÁ

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-78- sartßb,kasinI Gdækfa sMyutþnikay sKafvKÁÁ ehI y TaM g bdi b Tak* c eRmI n eTvtaeTI b eJlza k* m haCnTaM g enHlk´ ehI y kñ ú g vdþ ; mi n Tan´ P á a k´ dU e cñ H .

[16] kñúgbTza sm¬úTÆa :ndl´ GñkRtas´dwgehIyedayRbéB edayehtu edaykarN¾ . Bi t Nas´ Gñ k Rtas´ d w g 4 BY k KW RBHsBV J ¦ Ú B u T Æ bec© k Bu T Æ ctu s c© B u T Æ ni g su t Bu T Æ . kñ ú g Bu T Æ ; TaM g enaH Gñ kbM eBj:rmI 30 ehIyseRmcRBHsmμ asem¬ aZi eQμ aHza RBHsBVJ¦ Ú B u T Æ . Gñ k bM e Bj:rmI G s´ 2 Gseg¡ y üéRkElgedayEsnkb| eTI b Rtas´ d w g edayxø Ü n Ég eQμ a Hza RBHbec© k Bu T Æ . RBHxI N aRsB GñkGs´Gasv;edaymin mansl´ eQμ aHza ctus c©B uT Æ . Gñk CaBhusSÚ t eQμ aHza sutBuT Æ . BuTÆ; 3 xagedIm rEmgsmKY rkñúgGtæ e nH . bTza smμ T Ba¦ a y :ndl´ dw g edayehtu edaykarN¾ . bTza crnþ i v i s em smM GZi b |ayza rEmgRbRBw t þ e sμ I k ñ ú g elaksnñ i vasEdlmi n esμ I ßkñ ú g BY k stV E dlmi n esμ I ßza ki e lsCatEdlmi n esμ I dU e cñ H Ég .

cb;Gdækfa Gb,div iT itsURt TI 7 3

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-79- Gdæ k fa nLvKÁ su s mμ ú d æ s U R t TI 8 G dð k za su s mμ ú d ð s U R tTI 8 Kb|I R Cabvi n i c ä & y kñ ú g su s mμ ú d ð s U R tTI 8 teTA ?

[17] bTza su s mμ ú d ð a :ndl´ CaGñ k vegV g ePø c edayPaB CaGñ k mi n cak´ Z ø ú H edaybJ¦ a dU c y¨ a gza Gñ k ERs P¢ Ü r ERs 2 gar k* Kb|I e RBaHRsÚ v eRcI n kalsM e dAdl´ R sÚ v Edlmi n :nGM B I E Rs Edlxø Ü n mi n :nsabeRJH

eJlza

RsÚ v rbs´ e yI g CaeRcI n vi n asGs´ e hI y

rEmgeJldl´ R sÚ v Edlmi n :nenaHÉg zavi n asGs´ e hI y y¨ a gNa sU m|I kñ úgTIe nHk* d Ue cñaH eQμ aHza vegV gePø c eRJHxøÜnmi ncak´Zøú H ‘eday bBa¦ a ’ .

[18] bTza Gsmμ ú d ð a :ndl´ eQμ a Hza mi n vegV g ePø c eRJH xø Ü n :ncak´ Z ø ú H ehI y edaybJ¦ a . Jküd* e ss dU c nw g n& y mu n dU e cñ H Ég .

cb;Gdækfa susmμúd æs URt TI 8 3

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-80- sartßb,kasinI Gdækfa sMyutþnikay sKafvKÁÁ G dð k za mankamsU R tTI 9

Kb|I R Cabvi n i c ä & y kñ ú g mani k amsU R tTI 9 teTA ?

[19] bTza mankamsS :ndl´ buK<lEdlR:zña KW R:zña manH . bTza Tema GZi b |ayza eTvta rEmgeJlza Tm; Edl RbRBw t þ e TAkñ ú g cM E NksmaZi rEmgmi n mandl´ b u K < l EbbenH . k* k ñ ú g bTza sec© n Tenþ a Tmsa óebetaevTnþ K U vi s i t RBhμ c ri e ya ERbza bu K < l Edlmanxø Ü n TU n μ a nehI y edaysc© ;

CaGñ k cU l dl´ e hI y eday

Tm; CaGñ k dl´ T I b M p u t énevT CaGñ k manRBhμ c ri y Zm( c b´ e hI y dU e cñ H elakehA«®nÞ i y za Tm; . kñ ú g bTza yTi sc© a Tma caKa xtþ ü a Pi e yüaZ

vi C ¢ t i

ERbza

Rbsi n ebI n w g manZm( d éTéRkElgCag sc© ;

Tm; caK; xnþ i kñ ú g elakenH dU e cñ H elakehAbJ¦ a za Tm; . kñ ú g JküenHza Taenn Temn sMyemn sc©v aeTn Gtæi buB a¦M Gtæi buB a¦s S GaKema ERbza bu N üman kardl´ é nbu N ürEmgman edayTan eday

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-81- Gdæ k fa nLvKÁ mankamsU R t TI 9 Tm; edaysc© v aca dU e cñ H elakehA óe:szkmμ z a Tm; . kñúgJküza sk¡isSsi exa tVM buNÑ «mina TmUbsemn smnñ a Keta su n abrnþ s w μ CnbeT vi h ri t u M ERbza mñ a lbu N Ñ ; Gñ k Rbkbedayesckþ I G t´ Z n´ edayesckþ I s á b ´ e nHehI y nw g GacenAkñ ú g CnbTsu n abrnþ ; dU e cñ H elakehA GZi v asnxnþ i z a Tm; EtJküza Tm; kñ ú g RBHsU R tenH CaeQμ a Hrbs´ Z m( E dlCacM E NksmaZi eRJH ehtu e naH eTvtaeTI b eJlza n emanmtæ i Gsmahi t sS ERbza bBa¦ a rEmgmi n mandl´ G ñ k manci t þ m i n taM g maM . kñ ú g bTTaM g enaH bTza emanM :ndl´ jaNkñ ú g mK< 4 . Bi t Nas´ jaNkñ ú g mK< 4 enaH jaN NarEmgdw g ehtu e naH jaNenaH eTI b eQμ a Hza eman; GZi b |ayza rEmgdw g sc© Z m( 4 . bTza mc© ú e ZyüsS :ndl´ vdþ ; EdlRbRBw t þ eTAkñ ú g PU m i 3 Bi t ehI y vdþ ; EdlRbRBw t þ e TAkñ ú g PU m i 3 enaH elak ehAza mc© ú e Zyü; eRJHGtæ z a CaTI t aM g énesckþ I s ø a b´ . bTza :rM :ndl´ eRtI y ‘ni B V a n’ KW CaTI r lt´ é netPU m i k vdþ enaHÉg .

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-82- sartßb,kasinI Gdækfa sMyutþnikay sKafvKÁÁ bTza teryü :ndl´ Kb|I c ak´ Z ø ú H ßKb|I d l´ . JküenH elakeJlTu k za bu K < l NamY y kalenAkñ ú g éRBRbmaTehI y mi n Kb|I qø g pu t mi n Kb|I c ak´ Z ø ú H mi n Kb|I d l´ e RtI y énetPU m i k vdþ EdlCaTI t aM g énmc© ú : n .

[20] kñ ú g bTza manM bhay :ndl´ lHmanH 9 y¨ a g edayGrhtþ m K< . bTza su s mahi t etþ a :ndl´ manci t þ t aM g maM lÁ e hI y edayóbcarsmaZi ni g Gb|nasmaZi . bTza su e ctesa :ndl´ ci t þ E dlpU r pg´ s m|yu t þ e dayjaN GZi b |ayza Bi t ehI y elakmi n ehAza Gñ k manci t þ p U r pg´ e dayR:scakjaN eRJHdUe cñaH Gñ kenaHeTIbeQμ aHza mancitþpU rpg´ eRJHRbkbedayjaN . bTza sBV Z i vi b |mu e tþ a esckþ I z a rY c pu t ehI y kñ ú g Zm( T aM g BY g manxnÆ ni g Gaytn;CaedI m . kñ ú gJküza teryü enH elakeJlza kalQanknø getPUmikvdþ

cak´ Z ø ú H RBHni B V a nqø g eTA dU e cñ H

eTI b eQμ a Hza karqø g pu t eday

karcak´ Z ø ú H . eRJHehtu e nH si k ¡ a 3 elakeJlehI y edayKaza

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-83- Gdæ k fa nLvKÁ mankamsU R t TI 9 enH . y¨ a gNa KW EdleQμ a Hza manH enH CaeRK}gTmø a ysI l eRJHdU e cñ a H

elakeTI b eJldl´ G Zi s I l si k ¡ a

edayJküza

manM

bhay ERbza lHbg´ m anHehI y . elakeJl GZi c i t þ s i k ¡ a eday Jküza susmahitetþ a ERbza mancitþ taM gmaMl Áe hIy . elaksEmþg bJ¦ a Tu k eday ci t þ s& B Þ kñ ú g Jküza su e ctesa enH eRJHdU e cñ a H eTI b eQμ a Hza sEmþ g GZi b |J¦ a si k ¡ a edayJküza su e ctesa enH . kalsI l man k* e Qμ a Hza manGZi s I l kalci t þ m an k* e Qμ a H za manGZi c i t þ kalbJ¦ a man k* e Qμ a Hza manGZi b |J¦ a eRJHdU e cñ a H sI l 5 kþ I sI l 10 kþ I eTI b eQμ a Hza sI l kñ ú g TI e nH . :ti emak¡ s M v r Kb|I R Cabza eQμ a Hza GZi s I l . smabtþ i 8 eQμ a Hza ci t þ . QanEdlCa:Ténvi b sSna eQμ a Hza GZi c i t þ . kmμ s SktajaN eQμ a Hza bJ¦ a . vi b sSnaeQμ a Hza GZi b |J¦ a . BitehIy sIlEdlRbRBwtþeTAkñúgkalEdlRBHBuTÆminTan´ób|tþi dU e cñ a H sI l 5 sI l 10 eQμ a Hza sI l b¨ u e NÑ a H . :ti e mak¡ sM v rsI l rEmgRbRBw t þ e TAkñ ú g kalEdlRBHBu T Æ R Tg´ ó b|tþ i e LI g dU e cñ a H

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-84- sartßb,kasinI Gdækfa sMyutþnikay sKafvKÁÁ eTI b eQμ a Hza GZi s I l . sU m |I k ñ ú g ci t þ ni g bJ¦ a k* n & y enHdU c Kñ a . mü¨ a geT[t sU m |I s I l 5 sI l 10 EdlGñ k R:zñ a RBHni B V a n smaTanehI y k* e Qμ a Hza GZi s I l dU c Kñ a . sU m |I s mabtþ i 8 Edl cU l dl´ e hI y k* e Qμ a Hza GZi c i t þ dU c Kñ a . ßza elaki y sI l TaM g Gs´ eQμ aHza sIl dUcKñ a elakutþ rsI l eQμ aHza GZis Il . sUm|I kñ ú g ci t þ ni g bJ¦ a k* n & y enHdU c Kñ a . elakRbmU l si k ¡ a 3 mkeJl sasnZm( T aM g Gs´ T u k edayRBHKazaenH edayRbkardU e cñ H Ég .

cb;Gdækfa mankamsURt TI 9 3

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-85- Gdæ k fa nLvKÁ GrBaØ s U R t TI 10 G dð k za GrBa¦ s U R tTI 10 Kb|I R Cabvi n i c ä & y kñ ú g GrBa¦ s U R t TI 10 teTA ?

[21] bTza snþ a nM :ndl´ Gñ k manki e lsEdlsá b ´ r má a b´ ehI y mü¨ a geT[t :ndl´ bNÐ i t . sU m |I b NÐ i t elakk* e hAza sb|ú r s dU c kñ ú g JkümanCaedI m za senþ a hev sBÖ i bevTynþ i TU e r senþ a bkaesnþ i dU e cñ H k* m an . bTza RBhμ c ari n M ERbza Gñ k RbRBw t þ Zm( d * R besI r KW Gñ k RbRBw t þ m K< R Bhμ c ri y ; . eRcI n bTza ekn veNÑ a bsI T ti esckþ I z a eTvtaTU l sY r za BN( s m|ú r rbs´ P i k ¡ ú E dlenAéRB rEmgzø a pU r pg´ edayehtu G V I . sY r za k* e RJHehtu G V I e TvtaenH eTI b TU l sY r y¨ a genH . eqø I y za :n»za eTvtaenHCaPU m μ e Tvta GaRs& y enAkñ ú g éRBeRsag eXI j Pi k ¡ ú T aM g LayGñ k enAéRB RtLb´ G M B I b i N Ð : t eRkayPtþ e hI y cU l eTAkan´ é RB kan´ y klk¡ N kmμ d ð a n ‘kmμ d ð a ntam RbRktI v i b sSna’ kñ ú g TI s Rmakevlayb´ ni g EdlCaTI s Rmakkñ ú g evla ézá T aM g enaH Gg< ú y cu H ehI y . k* k alPi k ¡ ú T aM g enaHGg< ú y edaykmμ d ð a n

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-86- sartßb,kasinI Gdækfa sMyutþnikay sKafvKÁÁ y¨agenHehIy ÉkK< taci tþEdlCaeRK}gCRmHrbs´ elak k* ekI teLI g . lM dab´enaH karbnþ é nvisPaK;k*cUleTArmá ab´ . karbnþénsPaK;Zøak´ cu H ehI y ci t þ r Emgzø a pU r pg´ kalci t þ z ø a pU r pg´ e hI y elahi t k* z ø a pU r pg´ . ó:TayrU b TaM g Lay Edlmanci t þ C asmu d ð a n rEmgbri s u T Æ i . vNÑ ; énmu x hak´ b I d U c CaBN( é nEpø e tñ a tTM u EdlZø a k´ c akedI m dU e cñ a H . eTvtaenaH RKaeXI j Pi k ¡ ú T aM g enaHehI y eTI b Rti H ri H za Zmμ t a srI r vNÑ ; ‘BN( s m|ú r énragkay’ enH rEmgzø a pU r pg´ d l´ b u K < l Edl:nePaCn TaM g Laybri b U r N¾ manrsd* R bNI t Gñ k manTI e nAGaRs& y eRK}gbi T :M g TI Gg< úy TI e dk mansmös SEdlsb|ay Gñ kmanR:saTepSg> manR:saT 7 Can´ C aedI m Edloesckþ I s u x RKb´ r dU v kal ni g dl´ Gñ k :nvtæ ú T aM g Lay CaedI m

mankRmgp, a eQI

EtPi k ¡ ú T aM g enH

eRK}gRkGU b

ni g eRK}glab

Rtac´ b i N Ð : t qan´ P tþ l ayKñ a seRmckar

edkelI E RKRkaledaysø w k eQI e pSg> ßedkelI E pnkþ a ßelI s i l a rEmgenAkñ ú g TI T aM g Lay manKl´ e QI C aedI m ßza Rtg´ T I v al vNÑ ; rbs´ P i k ¡ ú T aM g enH rEmgzø a pU r pg´ eRJHehtu G V I h ñ @ dU e cñ H eRJHdU e cñ a H eTI b :nTU l sY r esckþ I e naH cM e JHRBHbrmsasþ a .

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-87- Gdæ k fa nLvKÁ GrBaØ s U R t TI 10 lM d ab´ e naH RBHmanRBHPaK kalnw g Rtas´ d l´ e htu e naH dl´ eTvta eTI b Rtas´ R BHKaza TI 2 . bNþ a bTTaM g enaH bTza GtI t M esckþIza RBH:TZmμikraCRBHnamÉeNaH mankñúgkalEdlknøgehIy . RBHraCaGg< e naH :nzV a ybc© & y TaM g Layd* R bNI t > dl´ B Y k eyI g . óbCÄay¾ G acarürbs´ e yI g CaGñ k manlaPeRcI n RKaenaHBY k eyI g qan´ GaharEbbenH

dNþ b ´ c I v rEbbenH

Pi k ¡ ú T aM g enH

rEmgmi n esakesA

dl´ b c© & y Edlknø g eTAehI y dU c Pi k ¡ ú E dlmanbc© & y eRcI n BY k xø H y¨ a g enH edayRbkardU e cñ H . BI r bTza nb|Cb|nþ i naKtM GZi b |ayza RBH:TZmμ i k raCnw g mankñ ú g GnaKt CnbTTaM g Laynw g pSayeTA vtæ ú TaM g Lay manTw k edaHzø a Tw k edaHxab´ C aedI m nw g ekI t eLI g eRcI n Nas´ Gñ keJlnw gmankñ úgTI enaH> za sUmelakTaM gLaycUrTMJ rsu I cUrbriePaKCaedI m kñ ú g kalenaH BY k eyI g nw g qan´ G aharEbbenH nw g dNþ b ´ cI v rEbbenH Pi k ¡ ú T aM g LayenH rEmgmi n R:zñ a bc© & y Edlmi n Tan´ m an y¨agenH edayRbkardUecñH . bTza bc©úb|enñn esckþIza rEmgciJw©m xø Ü n Égedaybc© & y NamY y Edl:nkñ ú g xN;enaH . bTza etn :n dl´ edayehtu s U m |I 3 y¨ a genaH .

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-88- sartßb,kasinI Gdækfa sMyutþnikay sKafvKÁÁ RBHmanRBHPaK lu H sEmþ g kardl´ R BménvNÑ ; y¨ a genHehI y «LÚ v enH kalnw g sEmþ g esckþ I v i n asénvNÑ ; enaHÉg eTI b Rtas´ K aza kñ ú g lM d ab´ e naH . bNþ a bTTaM g enaH bTza GnaKtb|Cb|ay ERbza eRJHR:zñ a bc© & y Edlmi n Tan´ m kdl´ . bTza Éetn :ndl´ edayehtu T aM g 2 enH . bTza neLavhri e ta lu e ta GZi b |ayza BY k Pi k ¡ ú J l nw g s< m esø k sø a M g dU c edI m bbu s Rss´ Edlbu K < l dkecaldak´ p Þ a M g zμ E dlekþ A nw g sá Ü t eTA dU e cñ a HÉg .

cb;Gdækfa GrBaØs URt TI 10 cb; nLvKÁ TI 1

kñúgvKÁenH rYmman 10 Gdækfa KW H1-»XtrNGdækfa 3-]benyüGdækfa 5-ktiq inÞiGdækfa 7-Gb,div iT itGdækfa 9-mankamGdækfa

3

2-niemakçGdæk fa 4-Gec©nþiGdæk fa 6-CaKrGdæk fa 8-susmμúd æGdæk fa 10-GrBaØGdækfa

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-89- Gdæ k fa nnÞ n vKÁ nnÞ n sU R t TI 1 nnÞnvK< TI 2 G dð k za nnÞ n sU R tTI 1 Kb|I R Cabvi n i c ä & y kñ ú g sU R tTI 1 énnnÞ n vK< teTA ?

[23] bTza tRt ERbza kñ ú g GaramenaH . s& B Þ z a exa Rtw m EtCani : t EdleZV I B üJ¢ n ;osÁ a ter[bry . bTza Pi k ¡ Ú Gamenþ s i :ndl´ rEmgoPi k¡ ú T aMgLayEdlCabris &T d*RbesIr :nRCab . bT za Pi k ¡ e va CabTsEmþ g dl´ G akarEdlehAPi k ¡ ú T aM g enaHmk . bTza PTenþ CaJküTTY l RBHtRmas´ . bTza et Pi k ¡ Ú esckþ I z a Pi k ¡ ú B Y k Na CaGñ k mannaTI n w g TTY l RBHZm( e Tsna KW Pi k ¡ ú T aM g enaH . bTza PKveta bc© e sSasu M esckþ I za Pi k ¡ ú T aM g enaH sþ a b´ R BHtRmas´ r bs´ R BHmanRBHPaKehI y CaGñ k mannaTI KW sþ a b´ e hI y TTY l RBHtRmas´ r bs´ R BHmanRBHPaK .

[24] bTza ÉtTevac esckþIza «LÚvenH RBHmanRBHPaK:n

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-90- sartßb,kasinI Gdækfa sMyutþnikay sKafvKÁÁ Rtas´ J küCaedI m za er]genHZø a b´ m anmkehI y dU e cñ H . bNþ a bTTaM g enaH bTza tavti g Skayi k a :ndl´ ekI t kñ ú g BY k eTvtaCan´ t avtþ i g S

elakehAeTvelakCan´ T I B I r za

tavti g Skay

‘ERbza manBY k 33 ßBY k eTB 33’ GacarüTaM g Lay eJlza :n »za bJ¦tþieQμaHza tavtigSkay enH ekIteLIgkñúgeTvelakenaH eRJH GaRs& y eTvbu R t 33 Gg< ób|tþ i k ñ ú g TI e naH eRJHmrN;rbs´Cn 33 nwgmXmaNBkñúgRsúkGclRKam dUecñH . k* e RJHkamavcreTvelak 6 Can´ m anehI y sU m |I k ñ ú g cRkvaLd* e ss tamEdl:nRtas´ T u k za manesþ c catu m μ h araCmY y Jn´ G g<

manBi P Btavtþ i g SmY y Jn´

dU e cñ H

CaedI m dU e cñ a H Kb|I R CabnambJ¦ t þ i e nH rbs´ e TvelakenaH dU e cñ H . Bi t Nas´ edayehtu e nH bTza tavti g Skay eTI b mi n xu s . Kb|I R Cabvi e RKaHkñ ú g bTza nnÞ n ven enHza éRBenaH rEmgjú a M g bu K< l TaM gLayGñ kcU l eTAehIy orI kray oeRtkGr eRJHehtu enaH éRBenaH eTI b eQμ a Hza nnÞ n ; ERbza jú a M g bu K < l EdlcU l eTAehI y oeRtkGr . Bi t Nas´ kalmrNni m i t þ 5 y¨ a g ekI t eLI g ehI y

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-91- Gdæ k fa nnÞ n vKÁ nnÞ n sU R t TI 1 BY keTvtaTaMgLay rEmgTYj yMza BY keyIgnw gRtÚv lHbg´ e calsm|tþi cu t i e TA dU e cñ H . sk, ; eTvraCoOvaTza

Gñ k TaM g Layku M e sayesak

eLI y EdleQμ a Hza sg¡ a rTaM g Laymi n EbkZø a yeTAmi n maneT dU e cñ H ehI y eTI b oeTvtaenaHcU l eTAkan´ s Y n nnÞ n v& n kñ ú g ézá e naH esckþ I e sak esA eRJHmrN;rbs´ e TvtaenaH sU m |I R tÚ v eTvtadéTeRk{mRkM k* r Emg sá b ´ r má a b´ : n eRJHeXI j sm|tþ i é nsY n nnÞ n v& n enaH . bI t i : emaC¢ ; b¨ u e NÑ a H rEmgekI t eLI g . eBlenaH kaleTvtaTaM g LaykM B u g elg enAkñ ú gsYn nnÞ n v&nenaHÉg ‘ragkay’ rEmgrlayeTAdMNk´Tw ksenSI m EdlRtÚ v kM e dA ni g rEmgRtÚ v rlt´ e TA dU c CaGNþ a tRbTI b RtÚ v xül´ b k´ dU e cñ a H . mü¨ a geT[t kEnø g NamY y rEmgjú a M g eTvtaGñ k cU l eTAkñ ú g xag kñ ú gehI y orIkray oeRtkGrn@uHÉg eRJHehtu e naH TIenaHeTI beQμaH za nnÞ n . kñ ú g TI e nH :ndl´ kñ ú g sY n nnÞ n v& n enaH . bTza Gcä r a kñ ú g bTza Gcä r asg¹bri v u t a enH CaeQμ a H eTBZI t a Gñ k Ehhmkñ ú g BY k rbs´ n ageTBGbSrenaH . bTza Ti e BV h i :ndl´ Gñ k ekI t kñ ú g eTv-

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-92- sartßb,kasinI Gdækfa sMyutþnikay sKafvKÁÁ elak . bTza bBa© h i kamKu e Nhi :ndl´ eRK}gcg KW kam ßcMENkénkamTaM g 5 eJlKW rUb sM eLg køin rs nigepadðB V; CaTI RsLaj´ CaTI e Bjci t þ . bTza smb|i t a KW EqÁ t s, b ´ s , l ´ . Jkü za mU l mi t þ k* C aevvcn;rbs´ B aküza EqÁ t s, b ´ s , l ´ e naHÉg . bTza bri c ari y mana :ndl´ eTvtaTaM g LayrI k rayehI y KW jú a M g «®nÞ i y orI kraykñ úgkamKu N manrUbCaedImTaM genaH . bTza tayM evlayM :ndl´ kñ ú g evlaEdlbeRmI e naH . k* k alenaH bNÐ i t Kb|I R Cabza mi n yU r eTvbu R tenaH k* ó b|tþ i eLIg . BitehIy GtþPaBrbs´eTvtaEdlób|tþieLIgenaH manRbmaN 3 Kavut ruger]ghak´bIdUcduMmasBN(Rkhm eTvbuRtenaH esø{kdNþb´ sM B t´ T i B V Rbdab´ t ak´ E tgedayeRK}gRbdab´ E dlCaTi B V RTRTg´ e day p, a eQI T i B V EdlnageTBGbSrlabRsLabedaylmÁ i t cnÞ ni g eRK}g labTaM gLayEdlCaTiB V RtÚ v RKbsg,t´ ehIy jaMj IehIy ecameram ehI y edaykamKu N 5 EdlCaTi B V RtÚ v raK;RKbsg, t ´ mi n eXI j RBHni B V a nEdlCaTI r las´ e cjcakelak kaleJlKazaenHza n et

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-93- Gdæ k fa nnÞ n vKÁ nnÞ n sU R t TI 1 su x M

bCannþ i

CaedI m

edaysM e Lgd* x ø a M g

ehI y k* R tac´ e TAkñ ú g sY n

nnÞ n v& n dU c Cabu K < l eJlvacaeRKatRKat ‘Edlmi n EmnCavacarbs´ sb|ú r s’ edayehtu e naH eTvbu R tenaH eTI b :neJlKazaenH kñ ú g evlaenaH . bTza ey n bsSnþ i nnÞ n M :ndl´ eTvtaBY k NaEdlenA kñ ú gTI e naH rEmgeXIj nnÞn v&nedayGMNacénkaresaybJ© kamKuN . bTza nreTvanM :ndl´ nr;EdlCaeTvta . KW bu r sCaeTvta . bTza ti T sanM ERbza samsi b . bTza yssSi n M ERbza dl´ RBmedayys KW bri v ar ‘bri v arys’ .

[25] BI r bTza GBa¦ t ra eTvta :ndl´ eTvtaCaRBHGri y savikamYyGg< . bTza bc©Pasi GZib|ayza eTvtalág´exøAenH rEmg sm< a l´ s m|tþ i ‘rbs´ x ø Ü n ’ enHza Carbs´ K g´ v g´ Carbs´ m i n jab´ j & r rEmgmi n RCabdl´ s m|tþ i e naH Etgmanesckþ I v i n aseTACaZmμ t a eRBaH ehtu e nH

eTvtaEdlCaRBHGri y savi k a

CaGñ k mi n lHbg´ e sckþ I t aM g

ci tþ sEmþ gsPav; eTI b:neJlKazaenHza n tVM Bael ERbza mñal

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-94- sartßb,kasinI Gdækfa sMyutþnikay sKafvKÁÁ Gñ k lá g ´ e xø A . bTza yza GrhtM þ veca GZi b |ayza kalCM T as´ esckþ I R tÚ v karrbs´ e TvtaEdllá g ´ e xø A y¨ a genHza elak rEmgmi n dw g Jkürbs´ R BHGrhnþ T aM g Lay edayBi t dU e cñ H ehI y «LÚ v enH kal nw g sEmþ g Jkürbs´ R BHGrhnþ T aM g Lay eTI b eJlJküza Gni c © a Ca edI m . bNþ a JküTaM g enaH Jküza Gni c © a seBV sg¡ a ra GZi b |ay za sg¡ a rEdlRbRBw t þ e TAkñ ú g PU m i 3 TaM g Gs´ eQμ a Hza mi n eT[g eRJH Gtæ za manehI yminmanvi j ‘ekItehIyk*rlt´e TA’ . Jküza ób|aTvyZmμ ie na :ndl´ sPav;EdlekI teLI g nigsabsUnüeTA ‘mankar ekI t eLI g ni g mankarvi n aseTACaZmμ t a’ . Jküza ób|C¢ i t V a ni r u C Änþ i enH Caevvcn;rbs´J kümu n ‘KW ób|aTvy’ . mü¨ ageT[t ERbza eRJH ekI t eLI g ehI y rEmgrlt´ e TA dU e cñ a H elakeTI b eJlza mankarekI t eLIg nigvinaseTACaZmμta . k*kñúgTIenH elakkan´ykfan;kñúglMdab´ enaHÉg edays&B Þ ó b|aT; ni gvy; . Jküza etsM vUb sema sue xa GZi b|ayza RBHni B V an eJlKW karcUl eTAsáb´rmáab´é nsg¡ arTaM gLay

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-95- Gdæ k fa nnÞ n vKÁ nnÞ n sU R t TI 1 enaH Casu x . enHCaJkürbs´ R BHGrhnþ T aM g Lay dU e cñ H Ég .

cb;Gdækfa nnÞnsURtTI 1 3

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-96- sartßb,kasinI Gdækfa sMyutþnikay sKafvKÁÁ G dð k za nni Þ s U R tTI 2 Kb|I R Cabvi n i c ä & y kñ ú g nnÞ i s U R tTI 2 teTA ?

[26] bTza nnÞ t i ERbza rEmgeRtkGr KW rEmgmanci t þ C a rbs´ x ø Ü n . bTza bu t þ i m a :ndl´ manbu R teRcI n . Bi t ehI y bu R tBY k xø H eZV I ksi kmμehI y rEmgjú aM gCRgúkRsÚ voeBj BY kxø H eZVI karehIy rEmg naM R :k´ ni g masmk BY k xø H beRmI r aCkar rEmg:nvtæ ú T aM g Lay man yan Jhn; Kam ni K mCaedI m . mata ßbi t a kalesaysi r I E dl ekI t eLI g edayGanu P aBénbu R tTaM g enaH

rEmgeRtkGr

.

mü¨ a geT[t

mata ßbi t aeXI j bu R tTaM g Lay Edlbu K < l Rbdab´ t ak´ E tg eZV I o ekI t esckþIeRtkGr esaysm|tþikñúgézámg<lCaedIm rEmgeRtkGr . eday ehtu e naH eTvtasM e dAykkarRbRBw t þ e TAenaH eTI b eJlza nnÞ t i bu etþ h i

bu t þ i m a ERbza Gñ k manbu R t rEmgeRtkGreRJHbu R tTaM g Lay

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-97- Gdækfa nnÞnvKÁ nnÞisURt TI 2 dU e cñ H . bTza eKahi tezv esckþ I z a Gñ k manbu R t rEmgeRtkGr eRJHbuRt y¨agNa sUm|IGñkmaneKa k*dUecñaH GñkmaneKaeXIjmNÐl éneKa ‘TI l anéneKa’ sm|Ú r N¾ e hI y eRJHGaRs& y eKaTaM g Lay eK esaysm|tþ i KW bJ© e Kars eTI b eQμ a Hza rEmgeRtkGreRJHeKaTaM g Lay . bTza óbZi kñ ú g bTza óbZI h i nrsS nnÞ n a enH :ndl´ óbZi 4 y¨ag KW kamUbZi ‘óbZi KW kam’ xnÆÚbZi ‘óbZi KW xnÆ’ kielsU b Zi ‘óbZi KW ki e ls’ ni g GPi s g¡ a rU b Zi ‘óbZi KW GPi s g¡ a r’ . Bi t Nas´ sU m |I k amTaM g Lay RBHmanRBHPaKk* R tas´ e hAza óbZi eRJHvcntæ ; za esckþ I s u x Edlbu K < l cU l eTAtaM g Tu k kñ ú g kamKu N enH k* e RJHkamTaM g enH CaTI G aRs& y enAénesckþ I s u x dU c Edl Rtas´ T uky¨ agenHza esckþIs ux esckþI esamnsSNa GaRs&ykamKu N

5

ekI t eLI g

enHeQμ a Hza

esckþ I e Bjci t þ k ñ ú g kamTaM g Lay

dU e cñ H . sU m |I x nÆ T aM g Lay k* R tas´ e hAza óbZi eRJHxnÆ T aM g enaHCaTI GaRs&yenAénTuk¡EdlmanxnÆCamUl . sUm|IkielsTaMgLay k*Rtas´

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-98- sartßb,kasinI Gdækfa sMyutþnikay sKafvKÁÁ ehAza óbZi eRJHki elsTaMgenaH CaTI GaRs& yenAénTuk¡kñú gG:y . sU m |I G Pi s g¡ a rTaM g Lay

k* R tas´ e hAza

óbZi

eRJHGPi s g¡ a rTaM g

enaH CaTI G aRs& y enAénTu k ¡ k ñ ú g PB . Etkñ ú g TI e nH elakbM N gyk kamUbZi eRJHkamKuN 5 EdlbuK<lbeRmIedayGMNacénvtæúTaMgLay mankarenAkñ ú g R:saT 3 rdU v CaedI m manTI G g< ú y TI e dk GaPrN; Gav sM B t´ E dlRbNI t manbri v arKal´ b eRmI edaykarraM C aedI m Ca ehtu n aM m knU v bI t i e samnsS rEmgjú a M g nr;oeRtkGr dU e cñ a H bu R tTaM g Lay ni g eKaTaM g Lay y¨ a gNa Kb|I R Cabza sU m |I ó bZi T aM g enH k* dU e cñ a H eRJHCaTI e RtkGrrbs´ n r; . :TénKazaza n hi esa nnÞ t i eya ni rU b Zi esckþ I z a bu K < l Nami n manóbZi KW ev[rcakkardl´ RBmedaykamKu N CaGñ k xV H xat manGahar ni g eRK}gesø { kdNþ b ´ :nedaylM : k bu K < l enaHÉg rEmgeRtkGrmi n :n . sY r za mnu s SdU c eRbt mnu s SdU c stV n rk EbbenHnw g eRtkGr y¨ a gNa . eqø I yza RbkarenH RBHmanRBHPaKRtas´v is C¢ n aTukehIy ‘kñú g

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-99- Gdækfa nnÞnvKÁ nnÞisURt TI 2 KazaTI 27’ RBHmanRBHPaKRTg´ s þ a b´ J kü ‘EdleTvtaeJl’ enH ehI y RTg´ m anRBHtRmi H za eTvtaenH rEmgeZV I e r]génesckþ I e sakesA n@ u H Ég oCaer]gKY r eRtkGr tzaKtnw g sEmþ g esckþ I E dlvtæ ú T aM g enaH Caer]génesckþIesakesAdl´eK dUecñH kalnwgTmøayvaT;rbs´eTvta enaH edayóbmaenaHÉg dU c bu K < l jú a M g JküCaehtu p l oZø a k´ e TA edayehtu pl eTI b RTg´pø as´ RBHKazaenaHÉg ehI yRtas´za esacti CaedI m .

[27] bNþ a bTTaM g enaH bTza esacti bu e tþ h i esckþ I z a kalbu R tTaM g Layvi n aseTAkþ I

:t´ b g´ e TAkþ I

edayGM N acénkareZV I

dM e NI r eTAkEnø g epSg sU m |I m anesckþ I s gS& y kñ ú g kal«LÚ v enHza nw g :t´ b g´ e TA mata ni g bi t a rEmgesakesA . mY y eT[t kalbu R tsø a b´ e hI y kþ I kM B u g nw g sø a b´ k þ I ßRtÚ v raCbu r s ßecarCaedI m cab´ e TA ßza enAkñ ú g kNþ a b´ é drbs´ s RtÚ v TaM g Lay mata ßbi t aCaGñ k manesckþ I s gS& y za sø a b´ e hI y kþ I rEmg esakesA . kalbu R trbU t Zø a k´ G M B I e dI m eQI ßGM B I P ñ M C aedI m manéd ni g eCI g :k´ k þ I rbY s kþ I manesckþ I s gS& y za :k´ e hI y kþ I mata ßbi t a

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-100- sartßb,kasinI Gdækfa sMyutþnikay sKafvKÁÁ rEmgesakesA . bu K < l manbu R t rEmgesakesAeRJHbu R tTaM g Lay y¨agNa sU m|I Gñ kmaneKa k*dU e cñaH rEmgesakesAeRJHeKaTaM gLay edayGakar 9 y¨ a g . :TRBHKazaza óbZI hi nrsS esacn esckþ I z a dU c Ca bu R t ni g eKaTaM g Lay y¨ a gNa sU m |I ó bZi KW kamKu N 5 k* d U e cñ a H rEmgjú a M g nr;oesakesA edayn& y EdlRtas´ Tu k za tsS ec kamymansSqnÞ C atsS Cnþ ú e na et kama bri h aynþ i

slø v i e TÆ a v

ru b |ti Rbsi n ebI s tV e naH

manesckþ I R :zñ a man

esckþ I e Bjci t þ e kI t eLI g ehI y kamTaM g enaH rEmgjú a M g eKovi n aseTA dU cbu K< lRtÚv kU nsrmu tehI y rEmgvin as dUe cña H . eRJHdUecñ aH bNÐit Kb|I R Cabza esckþ I e sakesArbs´ n r; k* K W er]gesckþ I e sakesAn@ u H Ég . bTza n hi esa esacti eya ni r U b Zi esckþ I z a RBHmanRBHPaKRtas´ G Zi b |ayTu k za óbZi T aM g 4 enH mi n mandl´ b u K < l Na bu K < l enaH rEmgmi n manóbZi KW esckþ I e sakesA mñ a leTvta eRJH ehtu e naHÉg RBHmhaxI N aRsBnw g esakesA ßkM B u g esakesAmanß dU e cñ H Ég .

cb;Gdækfa nniÞs URt TI 2 3

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-101- Gdæ k fa nnÞ n vKÁ ntß i b u t þ s msU R t TI 3 G dð k za ntæ i b u t þ s msU R tTI 3 Kb|I R Cabvi n i c ä & y kñ ú g ntæ i b u t þ s msU R tTI 3 teTA ?

[28] :TKazaza ntæi butþsmM ebmM esckþIza buRtTaMgLay rbs´ x ø Ü n sU m |I B i k ar mata ßbi t a k* e nAEtsm< a l´ d U c du M m as mankar sÞ a bRc:c´ s rI s ;CaedI m

eRb{bbI d U c CakRmgp, a eQI

bu R tTaM g enaH

sU m |I m atabi t aCRmHragkayehI y k* n aM m kesø { kdNþ b ´ edI m |I o ekI t esamnsS dU cbu K< lx© b´eRK}gRkGU b nigeRK}glab dUe cñ aH eRBaHehtu enaHÉg eTvtaeTI b eJlza ntæ i bu t þ s mM ebmM esckþ I R sLaj´ e sμ I edaybu R t rEmgmi n man KW EdleQμ a Hza esckþ I R sLaj´ d éTesμ I edayesckþ I R sLaj´ k ñ ú g bu R tmi n maneT dU e cñ H . bTza eKasmi k M ERbza esμ I e dayeKaTaM g Lay eTvtaRkab TU l za bBi R tRBHmanRBHPaK Zmμ t aza RTBüdéTesμ I e dayeKa rEmg mi n man dU e cñ H . bTza su m i y sma GaPa enH eTvtaRkabTU l za

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-102- sartßb,kasinI Gdækfa sMyutþnikay sKafvKÁÁ eQμ aHza Bnø W s VagdéTesμ I edayBnøW RBHGaTi tü rEmgmi nman dU e cñ H . bTza

smu T Þ b rma

esckþ I z a

eQμ a Hza

RsHTaM g LaydéTNamY y

RsHTaM g Gs´ T aM g enaH mansmu R TCay¨ a géRkElg KW smu R TRbesI r CagRsHTaM g Gs´ e naH eTvtaTU l za bBi R tRBHmanRBHPaK eQμ a Hza TI e kI t RbPBTw k déT esμ I e daysmu R Tmi n maneT dU e cñ H . EdleQμ a Hza esckþ I R sLaj´ e sμ I e dayxø Ü n mi n manenaH man GZi b |ayza stV T aM g Lay lHbg´ e calbi y CnTaM g Lay manmata bi taCaedImk*man lHbg´e calbuRtZItaCaedIm oenAGaRs&y ‘nw gGñ k déT ehI y ’ rEmgrkci J © w m CI v i t xø Ü n n@ u H Égk* m an . k* e Qμ a Hza RTBüesμ I edayRsÚ v rEmgmi n man GZi b |ayza CnTaM g Lay rEmgcU l eTAkan´ smñ ak´ rbs´m©as´ RTBü kan´ y kvtæúTaMgLay manR:k´ nigmasCaedIm xø H ni g kan´ y keKa ni g RkbI C aedI m xø H k* R :zñ a kñ ú g RsÚ v Gg, r n@ u H Ég . eQμaHza BnøWesμIedaybBa¦arEmgminman sUm|IRBHGaTitüCaedIm k*rEmg beBa© j Bnø W E tmü¨ a gb¨ u e NÑ a H KW rEmgkm© a t´ e sckþ I g gw t EdlCabc© ú b |nñ b¨ u e NÑ a H . cM E NkbJ¦ a rEmgjú a M g elakZatu T aM g mu W n oaPø W rkvtæ ú d éT

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-103- Gdæ k fa nnÞ n vKÁ ntß i b u t þ s msU R t TI 3 esμ I m i n :n

TaM g rEmgkm© a t´ b g´ e sckþ I g gw t Edlbi T :M g kñ ú g CacM E Nk

énGtI t CaedI m :npg . eQμ a Hza RsHesμ I e dayePø { grEmgmi n man . sU m |I T enø ßbw g ßsÞ w g CaedI m k* e day EdleQμ a Hza RsHesμ I e day ePø { g rEmgmi n man eRJHkalePø { gmi n Zø a k´ e hI y Tw k sU m |I R tw m EtmYy zñ a M g édoesI m kñ ú g mhasmu R T rEmgmi n man . EtkalePø { gZø a k´ e hI y Tw kk* Cab´tKña rEmgmandl´B iPBénRBhμ Can´ GaPsSra eRJHehtuenaH RBHmanRBHPaK kalnwgRtas´ tbJkürbs´e Tvta eTI bRtas´ RBHKaza za ? ntæ i Gtþ s mM ebmM

ntæ i ZBa¦ s mM ZnM

ntæ i bBa¦ a sma GaPa

vu d ð i ev brma sra

esckþ I R sLaj´ e sμ I e dayxø Ü n mi n man RTBüesμ I e day RsÚ v mi n man Bnø W e sμ I e daybBa¦ a mi n man ePø { gb¨ u e NÑ a H CaRsHd* R besI r dU e cñ H .

cb;Gdækfa ntßibutþsmsURt TI 3 3

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-104- sartßb,kasinI Gdækfa sMyutþnikay sKafvKÁÁ G dð k za xtþ i y sU R tTI 4 Kb|I R Cabvi n i c ä & y kñ ú g xtþ i y sU R tTI 4 teTA ?

[30] bTza xtþ i e ya Ti b TM ERbza RBHraCaRbesI r bM p u t Cag stV e CI g 2 . bTza ekamarI esckþ I z a eTvtaeJlza Pri y aEdl Caku m arI ‘enAekμ g ’ RbesI r bM p u t CagPri y aTaM g Lay eRJHkan´ y kkñ ú g evlaEdlnagCaku marI ‘RsI RkmuM ’ . bTza buB VeCa esckþI za buRtNa ekI t mu n

Camnu s SxV a k´ E Pñ k m¡ a gk* e day

ßbu R tEdlCaBi k arCaedI m k*

eday bu tþN aekI tmu n bu tþ enHÉg eQμaHza RbesIrbMpu t kñúgvaT;rbs´ eTvtaenH k*e RJHstVe CIg 2 TaM gLay manRBHBuTÆ CaedImenH RBHBuTÆ Cabu K< lRbesI rbM pu tCagstV 2 eCIgTaMgGs´ dUe cñ aH RBHmanRBHPaK eTI b Rtas´ R BHKaza tb .

[31] Kb|IRCabvinicä&ykñúgKazaTI 2 za RBHmanRBHPaKRbesIr bM p u t CagstV T aM g Gs´ TaM g stV m aneCI g ni g mi n maneCI g esckþ I B i t

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-105- Gdæ k fa nnÞ n vKÁ xtþ i y sU R t TI 4 enaH kalRBHGg< RTg´ ób|tþi rEmgRTg´ób|tþikñú gstVe CI g 2 b¨ue NÑaH . eRJHdU e cñ a H eTI b Rtas´ z a smμ a sm¬ ú e TÆ a Ti b TM esedð a ERbza RBHsmμ a sm¬ ú T Æ R besI r CagstV e CI g 2 dU e cñ H . karEdlRBHsmμ a sm¬ ú T Æ RTg´ ó b|tþ i eLI gCabu K<lRbesIrbMpu tCagstVe CI g 2 TaM gGs´ e naH mi n eXø { gXø a teLI y . bTza GaCanI e ya GZi b |ayza dM r I ßstV T aM g Lay manesH CaedI mk* eday stVNamY y rEmgdwgnUv ehtu stVGaCaenyüenH cat´ CastV R besI r bM p u t CagstV e CI g 4 dU c esHeQμ a Hza Ku L vNÑ rbs´ RBHraCaRBHnamza kU d kmμ . :n»za RBHraCaesþ c ecjtamTV a rxagTi s bs© w m RTg´ R ti H ri H za eyI g nw g eTAecti y bB( t eBlesþ c mkdl´ e RtI y Tenø k lm¬ ; . esH k* Q b´ e nARtg´ e RtI y

mi n R:zñ a nw g qø g Tw k eTA

.

RBHraCaRtas´ e hA

nayGsSacarümk ehI y Rtas´ z a Ohñ @ e sHEdlelakTU n μ a nlÁ e hI y mi n R:zñ a nw g qø g Tw k dU e cñ H . nayGsSacarüRkabTU l za bBi R tRBHsmμ t i e TB esHEdlx\ ú M R BHGg< T U n μ a nlÁ e hI y k* e RJHesHenaHKi t za ebI

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-106- sartßb,kasinI Gdækfa sMyutþnikay sKafvKÁÁ eyI g nw g qø g Tw k eTA eramknÞ ú y nw g esI m kaleramknÞ ú y esI m ehI y k* nw g eZV I T w k oesI m dl´ R BHraCa dU e cñ H eTI b mi n qø g eTA eRJHxø a cTw k esI m dl´ R BHsrI r ;rbs´ R BHGg< edayGakary¨ a genH sU m RBHGg< c U r oraCbu r skan´ e ramknÞ ú y esHcu H . RBHraCa:noeZV I e hI y y¨ a genaH esH eTI b qø g eTAedayrh& s drabdl´ e RtI y m¡ a genaHÉg . bTza su s SÚ s a esckþ I z a sþ a b´ b g< a b´ GZi b |ayza Pri y a Edlkan´ y ksU m |I k ñ ú g evlaEdlCaku m arI ßxageRkaymanrU b lÁ ßmi n lÁ cU r elI k Tu k si n Pri y aNasþ a b´ b g< a b´ s V a mI rEmgbeRmI rEmgo sV a mI e Bjci t þ Pri y aenaHRbesI r bM p u t CagPri y aTaM g Lay . bTza GsSeva ERbza sþ a b´ O vaT GZi b |ayza bu R tNabgk* e day bÁ Ú n k* eday bu t þ N arEmgsþ a b´ O vaT rEmgTTY l Jkürbs´ m atabi t a CaGñ k sñgtamOvaT bu RtenHRbesIrCagbuRtTaMgLay mñaleTvta RbeyaCn¾ GV I h ñ @ e daybu R tdéTEdlCaecar mankarkat´ C Ba¢ a M g CaedI m dU e cñ H Ég .

cb;Gdækfa xtþiysURt TI 4 3

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-107- Gdæ k fa nnÞ n vKÁ skmansU R t TI 5 G dð k za skmansU R tTI 5 vi n i c ä & y kñ ú g skmansU R tTI 5 teTA ?

[32] bTza fi e t mCÄnþ i e k ERbza kñ ú g evlaézá R tg´ . bTza snñ i s i e nñ s u

:ndl´

sñ a k´ G aRs& y kñ ú g TI E dlmi n esμ I K ñ a

eRJHcU l

eTAkan´ T Itamesckþ Is b|ay y¨agNa . GZib|ayza eQμ aHza evla ézá R tg´ e nH CaevlaTu B V l én«ri y abzrbs´ s BV s tV T aM g Lay . Et kñ ú g TI e nH

elaksEmþ g esckþ I T u B V l én«ri y abz rbs´ s tV T aM g Lay

b¨ u e NÑ a H . bTza blaetv :ndl´ »sU r sM e LgrM B gxø a M g . k* k ñ ú g TI e nHelakeJlyksM e LgEdlru k kY n b¨ u e NÑ a H sM e LgenHÉg eRb{b dU c CasM e LgrM B gxø a M g . Bi t ehI y kñ ú g rdU v ekþ A evlaézá R tg´ BY k stV eCI g 4 ni g BY k bkSI T aM g LaymkRbCu M K ñ a ‘sRmak’ sM e Lgxø a M g KW sM e LgénRBg´ e dI m eQI E dlxül´ b k´ R tÚ v pg TI e sμ A yabø g #sSI Edl xül´bk´ RtÚvpg edI meQI kki tKñ aRtg´e dImnw gedIm Emknw gEmkpg rEmg

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-108- sartßb,kasinI Gdækfa sMyutþnikay sKafvKÁÁ ekI t eLI g Rtg´ k Nþ a léRBnU v sM e LgrM B genaH

elakeJlsM e dAyk

sM e LgZM e nH . bTza tM PyM bdi Pati mM esckþIza kñúgkalEbbenaH sMeLg dU e cñ a H rEmgR:kdCaP& y dl´ x \ ú M . :n»za eTvtaenaHmanbJ¦ a Tn´ exSay kalmi n :nesckþ I s u x 2 y¨ a g KW esckþ I s u x kñ ú g karGg< ú y esckþ I s u x kñ ú g karni y ayrbs´ x ø Ü n kñ ú g xN;enaH eTI b eJly¨ a genH . k* e RJHkñ ú g kaldU e cñ a H Caevlasá a t´ r bs´ P i k ¡ ú EdlRtLb´ B I b i N Ð : t ehIyGg< úyceRmI nkmμd ð ankñú géRBRkas´ esckþIs uxmanRbmaNmi n Emn ti c rEmgekI t eLI g . RBHmanRBHPaKRtas´ s M e dAykJküNaza su B a¦ a KarM bvi d ð s S

snþ c i t þ s S Pi k ¡ ú e na

Gmanu s I rtI ehati

smμ a Zmμ M vi b sSetati c

bu r eta bcä e ta vabi

Gbera ev n vi C ¢ t i

Gti v

pasu

Pvti

ÉksS vseta venti c

kalPi k ¡ ú c U l eTAkan´ s u B a¦ a Kar ‘pÞ H sá a t´ ’ manci t þ s á b ´ ehI y eRtkGrenAkñ ú g vtæ ú E dlmi n Emnrbs´ m nu s S eTI b

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-109- Gdæ k fa nnÞ n vKÁ skmansU R t TI 5 eTI b eXI j Zm( e dayRbéB dU e cñ H . ni g Kazaza bu K < l déTxagmu x ßza xageRkay rEmgminR:kd kalebICabuK<lmñak´ÉgenAkñúgéRB esckþI esckþ I s u x rEmgekI t :nedayrh& s dU e cñ H .

[33] eRJHehtuenaH RBHmanRBHPaKeTIbRtas´RBHKazaTI 2 . bNþ a bTTaM g enaH bTza sa rti bdi P ati mM GZi b |ayza kñ ú g evlaEbbenH eQμ a Hza karGg< ú y rbs´ b u K < l Etmñ a k´ É g y¨ a gNa enaHCaesckþ I e RtkGr rEmgR:kddl´ t zaKt . Jküd* e ss dU c Kñ a nw g n& y mu n n@ u H Ég .

cb;Gdækfa skmansURt TI 5 3

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-110- sartßb,kasinI Gdækfa sMyutþnikay sKafvKÁÁ G dð k za ni T Þ a tnÞ i s U R tTI 6 Kb|I R Cabvi n i c ä & y kñ ú g ni T Þ a tnÞ i s U R tTI 6 teTA ?

[34] bTza ni T Þ a GZi b |ayza RBHmanRBHPaKRtas´ z a mñ a l GK< i e vsn; tzaKtrEmgdw g kñ ú g Exxagcu g rdU v Ki m Ø n þ ; ‘rdU v ekþ A ’ tzaKt Qancu H kan´ e sckþ I l k´ dU e cñ H eRJHesckþ I l k´ E dlCaGBüakt;Ebb enH zI n mi T Æ ;eTI b ekI teLIgkñú gGkuslcitþ EdlCassg¡ ari krbs´ RBHesk¡ ; bTza

ni gbu zu C¢ n TaM gLay tnÞ I

:ndl´

TaM gkñúgcMENkxagedIm

esckþ I g gu y egakgk´

ni gxagcug

.

EdlekI t eLI g kñ ú g evla

ehvht´ ni g RtCak´ C aedI m . JküenH smdU c EdlRBHmanRBHPaK Rtas´ T u k za ktma tnÞ i Ç ÇÇ bNþ a bTTaM g enaH bTza tnÞ I etI d U c emþ c esckþ I g gu y egakgk´ ki r i y aggu y egakgk´ sPaBci t þ E dlggu y egak gk´ esckþ I x ¢ i l RcGU s ki r i y ax¢ i l RcGU s sPaBci t þ E dlx¢ i l RcGU s Na enHtzaKteJlza tnÞ I dU e cñ H . bTza vi C i m ð i t a ERbza esckþ I esckþ I m i t Bt´ k ay . bTza Grti :ndl´ esckþ I m i n eBjci t þ k ñ ú g Zm(

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-111- Gdæ k fa nnÞ n vKÁ ni T Þ a tnÞ i s U R t TI 6 EdlCakusl . bTza Ptþs mμe Ta ERbza esckþIRsvw geRJHGahar esckþ I l M : kci t þ e RJHGahar . k* e sckþ I B i s þ a rénJküTaM g enH mk ehI y kñ ú g RBHGPi Z mμ

edayn& y CaedI m za

ttæ

ktma

vi C i m Ø i k a

ya

kaysS vi C i m Ø a ERbza bNþ a JküTaM g enaH Jküza esckþ I m i t Bt´ kay etI d U c emþ c esckþ I T eRmténkayÇÇÇ dU c emþ c . bTza Éetn esckþ I z a esckþ I e sAhμ g edayóbk, i e ls manesckþ I l k´ C aedI m enH Caehtu R :kd Edlham:n . bTza nb|kasti :ndl´ mi n Cak´ c|as´ KW mi n R:kd . bTza Gri y meK< a :ndl´ elaku t þ r mK< . bTza «Z ERbza kñ ú g elakenH . bTza :Ni n M ERbza dl´ s tV TaM g Lay . bTza vI r i e yn :ndl´ esckþ I B üayamEdlekI t RBm nw g mK< . bTza nM bNaemtV a enH :ndl´ naM k i e lsecjehI y . bTza Gri y meK< a :ndl´ elaki y ; ni g elaku t þ r mK< . eRJHehtu enaH RBHmanRBHPaKeTIbRtas´ za mK< rEmgbris uTÆi eRJHnaM óbk,i els ecjehI y edaymK< n @ u H Ég dU e cñ H Ég .

cb;Gdækfa niT Þa tnÞis URtTI 6 3

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-112- sartßb,kasinI Gdækfa sMyutþnikay sKafvKÁÁ G dð k za Tu k , r sU R tTI 7

Kb|I R Cabvi n i c ä & y kñ ú g Tu k , r sU R tTI 7 teTA ?

[36] bTza Tu t þ i t i k ¡ M :ndl´ RTaM : nlM : k KW Gt´ R TaM : n edaylM : k . bTza GBüetþ n ERbza CnJl . bTza samBa¦ M ERbza Zm( r bs´ s mN; GZi b |ayza eTvtarEmgsEmþ g JküenHza ku l bu R tGñ k qø a t TU n μ a nZm( r bs´ s mN;Na 10 qñ a M x ø H 20 qñ a M x ø H 60 qñ a M x ø H sU m |I k arTU n μ a ny¨ a géRkElg KW sg, t ´ B i t anedayGNþ a t xø H RKbsg, t ´ c i t þ e dayci t þ x ø H esBGasn;EtmY y nU v Ptþ E tmY y dg RbRBw t þ R Bhμ c ri y rhU t dl´ G s´ C I v i t

eZV I s mNZm(

bBi R tRBHman-

RBHPaK bu K < l JlGñ k mi n qø a t rEmgmi n GaceZV I n U v smNZm( e naH:n dU e cñ H . bTza BhU h i ttæ sm¬ a Za esckþ I z a eTvtarEmgsEmþ g za esckþ I l M : keRcI n rbs´ b u K < l Jl

Gñ k bdi b tþ i e dI m |I s eRmcmK<

kñ ú g

Gri y mK< eJlKW smNZm( e naH eRJHkñ ú g cM E NkxagedI m rEmgman

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-113- Gdæ k fa nnÞ n vKÁ Tu k á r sU R t TI 7 Gnþ rayeRcI n dU e cñH . bTza cit þM ec n niv arey GZib|ayza Rbsi n ebI

mi n Kb|I h amci t þ E dlekI t eLI g edayó:ymi n RbéBenaH

k* K b|I

RbRBw t þ s mNZm( : nGs´ é zá b nþ i c bnþ Ü c KW Kb|I R bRBw t þ : nmY y ézá x ø H eRJHza bu K < l EdlZø a k´ e nAkñ ú g GM N acci t þ rEmgmi n GaceZV I s mNZm( :n . bTza beT beT :ndl´ RKb´ > Garmμ N¾ BitehI y kñú gTI e nH bT s& B Þ elaksM e dAdl´ G armμ N ¾ eRJHza Garmμ N ¾ N a> Edljú a M g kie lsoekIt bu K< l JlrEmgliccuH ‘rEmgCab´CM B ak´’ kñúgGarmμN¾ enaH>

bT

s& B Þ

nw g sM e dAdl´ « ri y abzpgk* K Y r

eRJHza

ki e ls

rEmgekI t eLI g kñ ú g «ri y abzNa> mankaredI r CaedI m bu K < l JlenaH eQμ a Hza rEmgli c cu H kñ ú g «ri y abzenaH> Ég . bTza sg, b |anM ERbza mankamvi t k, C aedI m . bTza ku e mμ a v ERbza dU c GeNþ I k . bTza Gg< a ni :ndl´ Gvyv;TaM g Lay manÇkÇCaKRmb´ R :M . bTza semaThM ERbza lw b ßza lw b ehI y . bTza menavi t ek, ERbza vi t k, E dlekI t eLI g kñ ú g ci t þ .

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-114- sartßb,kasinI Gdækfa sMyutþnikay sKafvKÁÁ RBHd* m anRBHPaKRTg´ R tas´ s Emþ g JküenHTu k edayJküRtw m Etb¨ u e NÑ H za GeNþ I k lw b Gvyv;TaM g Lay manÇkÇCaKRmb´ 5 Tu k kñ ú g sñ Ú k rbs´ x ø Ü n mi n oOkasdl´ c ck eRJHkarlw b xø Ü n eTI b pu t BI G nþ r ay y¨agNa Pik¡ ú k* d U e cñ aH karTb´ T l´nw gvitk, E dlekIteLI gkñú gcitþ kñú gkar rkSaGarmμ N ¾ r bs´ x ø Ü n rEmgmi n oOkasdl´ m ar eRJHkarTb´ T l´ e naH elakeTI b dl´ e sckþ I m i n manP& y dU e cñ H . bTza Gni s Si e tþ a ERbza CaGñ k mi n GaRs& y edaytNØ a ni s S& y ni g Ti d ð i n i s S& y . bTza Gehdð m aena ERbza mi n eb[teb[n . bTza bri n i B V ú e ta ERbza bri n i B V a nehI y edayki e lsni B V a n ‘edaykarrlt´ s ñ i T Æ é nki e ls’ . bTza nU b veTyü kBa© i GZi b |ay za CaGñ k R:zñ a eZV I o dU c Cami n dw g edayvtæ ú N amY y manesckþ I v i b tþ i é n Gacar;CaedIm minKb|IeJldl´buK<ldéTNa> KWza k*Pik¡úcUleTAtaMg Tu k nU v Zm( 5 y¨ a g manJküza eyI g nw g eJledaykald* s mKY r nwg mi n eJlGMB I kalEdlmi n smKY rCaedIm Tu kkñú gxagkñú g ehIyGaRs&y PaBCaGñ k kru N a Kb|I e JlGM B I c i t þ E dltaM g Tu k kñ ú g sPaBénesckþ I

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-115- Gdæ k fa nnÞ n vKÁ Tu k á r sU R t TI 7 Gnu e RKaH dU e cñ H Ég .

cb;Gdækfa Tuk ársURtTI 7 3

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-116- sartßb,kasinI Gdækfa sMyutþnikay sKafvKÁÁ G dð k za hi r i s U R tTI 8 Kb|I R Cabvi n i c ä & y kñ ú g hi r i s U R tTI 8 teTA ?

[ 38 ] CnNa rEmgraraM gGku s lZm( T aM gLayedayhi ri eRJH ehtu e naH CnenaHeTI b eQμ a Hza Gñ k raraM g Gku s lZm( e dayhi r i . bT za ekaci elaksμ w vi C ¢ t i enH eTvtaTU l sY r za bu K < l Na> EbbenH enAmanß . bTza eya ni n Þ M GbeBaeZti ERbza bu K < l NakalnaM esckþ I r i H Kn´ ‘esckþ I G aRkk´ ’ ecj rEmgdw g . bTza GesSa PeRTa ksami v GZi b |ayza esHGaCaenyü ceRmI n kalsarzI n aM C nø Ü j ecj rEmgdw g rEmgmi n oCnø Ü j Zø a k´ e TA kñ ú g xø Ü n eRJHeXI j RsemalénCnø Ü j dU c Cacak´ e hI y y¨ a gNa Pi k ¡ ú Nakalmi n oGek, a snvtæ ú ‘er]geCr’ Zø a k´ e TAkñ ú g xø Ü n eQμ a Hza naM k ar ni n Þ aecj kalnaM e cj rEmgdwg eTvtaTUl sYrza RBHxINaRsBEbb enH Rtw m EtmY y Gg< m anß . bu ¨ E nþ z a bu K < l EdleQμ a Hza pu t BI k areCr

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-117- Gdæ k fa nnÞ n vKÁ hi r i s U R t TI 8 edayJkümin Bi t rEmgmi n man . bTza tnuya ERbza tic GZib|ay za eQμaHza RBHxINaRsBTaMgLay raraMgGkuslZm(TaMgLayeday hi r i R tac´ e TA manti c . bTza sTa sta :ndl´ Gñ k Rbkbeday esckþ I b ri b U N ( é nsti G s´ k alCani c © . bTza Gnþ M Tu k ¡ s S bb|ú y ü :ndl´ seRmcRBHni B V a n CaZm( E dlCaTI b M p u t énvdþ T u k ¡ . Jküd* ess mann& y tamEdleJlehI y n@ u H Ég .

cb;Gdækfa hiris URtTI 8 3

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-118- sartßb,kasinI Gdækfa sMyutþnikay sKafvKÁÁ G dð k za ku d i k asU R tTI 9 vi n i c ä & y kñ ú g ku d i k asU R tTI 9 teTA ?

[ 40 ] bTza kc© i et ku d i k a CaedI m GZi b |ayza eTvtaenaH RbmUlbJØaTaMgenHmkcgCaKaza edayeZVImataodUcCaxÞm eRJHsMedA ykkarenAkñ ú g épÞ 10 Ex eZV I P ri y aodU c CasM b u k ‘sM b u k stV ’ eday GM Nacénesckþ I Gal&y dU cBYkstVbkSI Rtac´rkGaharrhU tGs´mYy ézá e hI y k* R tLb´ m kenAkñ ú g sM b u k evlaraRtI y¨ a gNa stV T aM g Lay k* d U e cñ a HEdr sU m |I n w g eTAkñ ú g TI e naH>

ehI y k* r Emgmkkan´ s mñ a k´ é n

matu R Kam eZV I b u R tTaM g LayoCatM N vgS eRJHsM e dAykkarbnþ v gSRtkU l ni g RbéBNI e nH eTI b TU l sY r cM e JHRBHmanRBHPaK .

[41] sUm|IRBHmanRBHPaK kalnwgRTg´visC¢nabJØadl´eTvta enaH eTIbRtas´Jküza tKÄ CaedIm ERbza BitehIy xÞmrbs´tzaKt mi nman Bi tehI y sM bukrbs´ tzaKtmi nman BitehI y tMNvgSrbs´

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-119- Gdæ k fa nnÞ n vKÁ ku d i k asU R t TI 9 tzaKtmi n man Bi t ehI y tzaKtCaGñ k rY c pu t ehI y GM B I eRK}gcg . bNþ a bTTaM g enaH bTza tKÄ Cani : t kñ ú g JküedaycM E Nk enaHÉg . bTza ntæ i :ndl´ lHbg´ : nehI y eRJHtzaKtCabBV C i t mü¨ a geT[t eQμ a Hza mi n man eRJHmi n mankarenAkñ ú g épÞ r bs´ m atakñ ú g vdþ ; eT[t mi n mankarci J © w m rkSaPri y a mi n mankarekI t eLI g énbu R t .

[42]

eTvtaRti H ri H za

bJØ a Edlmi n ebI k bgØ a jEdleyI g cg

dUcrMuTukehIyTUlsYr ehIysmN;enH k*visC¢nabJØaRtwmEtza Edl eyI g sY r ehI y enaHÉg RBHGg< R Tg´ R Cabdl´ G ZüaRs& y rbs´ e yI g ßeT hñ @ eTI b Rtas´ e daHRsayehI y ßza RBHGg< R Tg´ m i n RCabJküy¨ a g NamY y Rtas´ e hI y Rtw m Etrt´ m at´ dU e cñ H eTI b eJlJküza ki n þ a hM CaedI m eT[t . bNþ a bTTaM g enaH bTza ki n þ a hM EkCa kw et GhM ERbza x\ ú M R BHGg< e Jldl´ R BGg< z a GV I .

[43] lMdab´enaH RBHmanRBHPaK kalnwgRtas´R:b´dl´eTvta enaH eTI b Rtas´ J küza matrM CaedI m ERbza Gñ k eJlmataza CaxÞ m

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-120- sartßb,kasinI Gdækfa sMyutþnikay sKafvKÁÁ GñkeJlPriyaza CasMbuk GñkeJlbuRtza CaeRK}gbnþvgS GñkeJl tNØ a za CaeRK}gcgdl´ t zaKt .

[43] eTvtasþab´RBHtRmas´enaHehIy eRtkGr elIksresIr Gnu emaTnaedayKazaza sahu et CaedIm ERbza BitehIy xÞ mrbs´ RBHGg< m i n man Bi t ehI y sM b u k rbs´ R BHGg< m i n man Bi t ehI y eRK}g bnþ v gSrbs´ R BHGg< m i n man

Bi t ehI y

RBHGg< C aGñ k rY c pu t ehI y GM B I

eRK}gcg dU e cñ H rI krayeRtkGrehIy bUCaRBHmanRBHPaKedayeRK}g RkGU b ni g p, a eQI T aM g Lay ehI y eTAkan´ e Tvsæ a n dU e cñ H Ég .

cb;Gdækfa kud ikasURt TI 9 3

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-121- Gdæ k fa nnÞ n vKÁ smi T § i s U R t TI 10 G dð k za smi T Æ i s U R tTI 10 Kb|I R Cabvi n i c ä & y smi T Æ i s U R tTI 10 teTA ?

[45] bTza te:Taram KW GaramEdlmaneQμaHdUc:nehIy y¨ a genH eRJHCaGnø g ´ T w k eRCA manTw k ekþ A eQμ a Hza te:Ta . :n»za Bi P Brbs´ n aK taM g enARtg´ E pndI e RkamPñ M e vParbB( t manbri m NÐ l RbmaN 500 eyaCn¾ dU c CaeTvelak EdlmanEpndI seRmcehI y edayEkvmNI

ni g RbkbedayóTüan

EdlCaTI r I k ray

kñ ú g TI e naH manGnø g ´ T w k ZM s Rmab´ C aTI e lgrbs´ B Y k naK . sÞ w g eQμ a H te:Ta enH CaTw k ekþ A Bu H ex¢ a l> hU r mkGM B I G nø g ´ T w k ZM e naH . sY r za eRJHehtu G V I eTI b dU e cñ H . eqø I y za :n»za elak ‘sM e dAykOkaselak KW TI e nAGaRs& y ’ rbs´ e RbtcM n Y n eRcI n Edl elamB& T Æ R kú g raCRKw H . kñ ú g TI e naH sÞ w g te:TaenH rEmgmkkñ ú g cenø a H énnrk eQμ a Hza mhaelahku m Ö I T aM g 2 eRJHdU e cñ a H sÞ w g te:TaenH

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-122- sartßb,kasinI Gdækfa sMyutþnikay sKafvKÁÁ eTI b Bu H ex¢ a l> hU r mk . smBi t dU c EdlRBHmanRBHPaKRtas´ T u k za mñ a lPi k ¡ ú T aM g Lay kñ ú g TI N a sÞ w g te:TaenHhU r ehI y TI e naHrEmgekI t CaRtBaM g Tw k man Tw k hU r sÁ a t CaTw k EdlKY r eRtkGr CaTw k RtCak´ CaTw k BN( s CaTw k taM g enAlÁ e hI y CaTI r I k ray manRtI ni g GeNþ I k eRcI n ni g manp, a bTu m RbmaNb¨ uncRkrIks< ú Hs< ay mü¨ageT[t sÞw gte:Tarbs´ mhanrkTaMg BI r enH rEmghU r mkedaymi n dac´ E xS edayehtu e nH edI m sÞ w g te:Ta enH eTI b Bu H ex¢ a l> hU r ehI y dU e cñ H . k* k ñ ú g TI x agmu x rbs´ G aramenH manGnø g ´ T w k ZM e kI t eLI g Rtg´ s Þ w g te:TaenaH vi h arenH elakeTI b ehA za teTaram eRJHGaRs& y sÞ w g enaH . bTza smi T Æ i esckþ I z a :n »za Gtþ P aBrbs´ R BHezr;seRmcehI y ‘edayplkmμ ’ manrU b lÁ KY r RCHzø a eRJHdU e cñ a H eTI b R:kdnambJ¦ t þ i z a smi T Æ i n@ u H Ég . Jkü za

edI m |I e RsacRsBxø Ü n

esckþ I z a

RBHezr;Gñ k R:rBÆ B üayamenaH

eRkakeLI g kñ ú g evlaCi t Pø W :nobu K < l kan´ y kesnasn;ecjmkxag eRkA ehI y edI r ‘c®g, m ’ eTAmk> kñ ú g TI c ®g, m ZM R bmaN 60 htæ man

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-123- Gdæ k fa nnÞ n vKÁ smi T § i s U R t TI 10 esckþ I s m< a l´ z a esnasn;EdleyI g eRbI R :sedayxø Ü n EdleCaK edayejI s nw g esAhμ g eTI b cU l eTAkan´ s Þ w g te:Ta edI m |I l u b lag xø Ü n . Jküza mancIv rEtmYypÞa Mg KW esø {ks|g´ cgvtæB nÆceg, H ehIy Qrkan´ y kcI v r . Jküza rg´ c aM o sá Ü t xø Ü n :ndl´ eZV I o xø Ü n man TwkecjehIydU cnw gRKamu n> eRJHza cI v rEdlxøÜ n dNþb´kñúgevlaEdl xø Ü n enAesI m nw g esAhμ g nw g mankø i n sÁ ú y . k* R bkarEdleJlenH mi n EmnCavtþ k ñ ú g kargU t eT

EteRJHelakCaGñ k dl´ R BmehI y edayvtþ

dU e cñ a H elakeTI b eQμ a Hza CaGñ k taM g enAkñ ú g vtþ KW ki c © E dlKY r eZV I n @ u H Ég KW z a eBlelakgU t eRscehI y k* e ZV I k i c © E dlKY r eZV I ehI y RtLb´ eLI g mkQr . kñ ú g esckþ I e nH Kb|I R Cabvtþ k ñ ú g kargU t Tw k dU e cñ H . cM E NkPi k ¡ ú E dlR:zñ a nw g gU t Tw k

eTAkan´ k M B g´ T w k ehI y

dak´ c I v rTaM g Laykñ ú g TI N amY y ehI y

Qrsi n

edayeLI y

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Kb|I R keLkemI l RKb´ >

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mi n KY r Rbjab´ c u H eTA kalRCabnU v PaB

CaGñ k sá a t´ e hI y k* k M N t´ v tæ ú T aM g Lay mandg< t ´ e QI Ku m ¬ e QI ni g vlø i C aedI m

ehI y bnÞ a bkaycu H RKEhmeLI g 3 dg

ehI y Kb|I n aM

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-124- sartßb,kasinI Gdækfa sMyutþnikay sKafvKÁÁ sM B t´ó tþ rasg< ; ecjhal ehIyRsayvtæ BnÆdak´s g,t´cIvrn@uHÉg ebI sM B t´ s Rmab´ g U t Tw k mi n man k* c U r Gg< ú y Rtg´ m at´ T w k ehI y edaHsM B t´ esø { kecj ebI m anTI s Rmab´ G g< ú y Kb|I h alsM B t´ e sø { k ebI m i n man mUrehIyk*dak´Tuk ehIysnSwm> QancuHTwk eBlQancuHeTARbmaN Rtw m naPi ‘p© i t ’ ehI y eTI b gU t edaymi n eZV I o kU n rlkTw k ekI t eLI g RKanw g RtLb´ k* K b|I m u C cu H edayEbrmu x eq¬ a HTi s Edlxø Ü n mk . eday Gakary¨ agenH cIv r eQμ aHza xøÜn:nrkSaehIy . sU m|Ik alnw gegIb eLI g k* m i n eZV I o ekI t sM e Lg egI b eLI g snSw m > kñ ú g evlaQb´ k argU t Kb|I Gg< úyRtg´mat´ T wk ehI yyksMB t´ mkbi T:MgxøÜ n kaleRkakeLI g Qr

eTI b esø { koer[bryCabri m NÐ l eRscehI y

cgvtæ B nÆ c eg, H

mi n Rbjab´ d Nþ b ´ c I v r Kb|I Q r dU e cñ H . sU m |I R BHezr;k* g U t dU e cñ a H kaleRscehI y k* R tLb´ e LI g mk QrRkeLkemI l kayEdlmanTw k mi n Tan´ s á Ü t . sU m |I e dayRbRktI kayrbs´ R BHezr;k* z ø a pU r pg´ kalbegÁ a nkaynaM m kedayRbéB KW gU t TwkekþAG)un> BN(énmuxeTIbrugeracn¾elIsGVIeRb{b CaGñksm|ÚrN¾eday

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-125- Gdæ k fa nnÞ n vKÁ smi T § i s U R t TI 10 rsμ I dU cEpø etñatTM u E dlrbUtGMB I Tg eRb{bbIdU cRBHcnÞ eBjvg´ kñú g xN; enaH mu x rbs´ e lakk* R bRBw t þ e TAedaysi r I dU c p, a bTu m kM B u g rI k sU m |I BN( s m|ú r énsrI r ;k* z ø a pU r pg´ .

[46] sm& y enaH PU m μ e TvtaEdlsæ i t enARtg´ é RBRkas´ R keLk emIlRBHsmiTÆiEdlKYrRCHzøa minGacRKbsg,t´citþTuk:n CaGñkbegÁan eTAkñ úgkam RtÚv esckþ I elaPRKbsg,t´ e hIy Kitza eyI gnwglY gelam RBHezr; eTI b Rbdab´ G tþ P aBedayeRK}gRbdab´ d * O Lar ehI y eZV I G aram TaM g Gs´ o Pø W T U e TA ‘oPø W r u g er]gedaycM E NkEtmY y ’ hak´ b I d U c RbTI b eKamePø I g TaM g Jn´ dU c ykRBHcnÞ m ktaM g Tu k eRscehI y k* c U l eTArk RBHezr; mi n:nsM B H Qrkñú gevhas¾ ‘GENþtenAkñú g Gakas’ ehIy eJlKaza . KazaenaH EdlRBHGannÞ e tæ r naM m keJlehI y za Gz exa GBa¦ t ra eTvta .eb. GCÄPasi ERbza RKaenaHÉg kalraRtI bfmyamknø g eTAehI y ‘Ci t Pø W ’ eTvtamY y Gg< m anvNÑ ; lÁ C aedI m . Jküza mi n bri e PaKehI y KW mi n bri e PaKkamKu N 5 . Jküza karsU m :ndl´ karRtac´ e TAbi N Ð : t . evlaEdl

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-126- sartßb,kasinI Gdækfa sMyutþnikay sKafvKÁÁ enACakemø a HenaHÉg smKY r esBkamKu N 5 . eQμ a Hza kal kñ ú g esckþ I z a kalku M k nø g hY s elakeTAeLI y enH . eRJHza bu K < l dl´ RKaM R KaeRJHCra mankayenaHRsú t cu H ehI y maneQI R ct´ k an´ e TAxag mu x jjI j j& r CaGñ k EdleraKkÁ k man´ ni g eraKhW t RKbsg, t ´ e hI y mi n Gacbri e PaKkam:n

eRJHehtu e naH

eTvtasM e dAykkaldU e cñ H

eTI b eJlJküza ma tM kaela óbcä K a ERbza kalku M k nø g elak eTAeLI y dU e cñ H .

[47] bNþ a bTTaM g enaH bTza ma óbcä K a ERbza ku M Q an knø g eLI y . s& B Þ z a eva kñ ú g bTza kalM evahM n Canami enH Ca ni : t . Jküza Gatμ a mi n Tan´ d w g kal elakeJlsM e dAykmrNkal . GZi b |ayza Zm( 5 TaM g enH KW CI v i t BüaZi kal; TI E dl ecalragkay

ßEdlsø a b´

‘eThni e k¡ b n;’

ni g

Kti

‘EdlekI t

epSg> man 5’ 1 rbs´s tV T aMgLay minmannimitþ Gñ kNa> mi nKb|I dw g kñ ú g elakénstV E dlRbRBw t þ e TA . 1- Kti 5 KW ni r yKti ebtKti ti r cä a nKti mnu s SKti ni g eTvtaKti .

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-127- Gdæ k fa nnÞ n vKÁ smi T § i s U R t TI 10 kñ ú g bNþ a Zm( T aM g 5 enaH CI v i t eQμ a Hza mi n manni m i t þ eRJH kM N t´ m i n :nza CI v i t enH mancM n Y n b¨ u e NÑ H mi n elI s GM B I e nHeTA dU e cñ H Bi tehI y sU m|I kñ ú gkalEdlepþImdMbUg KW Ca rUb kll; stV T aMgLay k* rEmgsø ab´ kñ ú gevlaEdlCa Gm¬úT ; ‘KWrU bEdlekI tmk:n 2 GaTi tü’ Ca ebsi ‘KW r U b EdlCadu M t U c ’ Ca Xn; ‘KW r U b EdlCadu M R kas´ ’ rU b EdlekI t mk:n 1 Ex 2 Ex 3 Ex 4 Ex 10 Exkþ I kñ ú g cenø a HEdl RbsU t i c akKP( k þ I GM B I e nHeTAxagkñ ú g mY y ryqñ a M k þ I eRcI n CagmY y ryqñ a M kþ I rEmgsø a b´ n @ u H Ég . sU m |I BüaZi k* e Qμ a Hza mi n manni m i t þ eRJHmi n mankarkM N t´ za stV T aMgLayrEmgsø ab´edayBüaZie nHb¨u eNÑaH min sø ab´edayBüaZi déT>

dU e cñ H

eRJHza

stV T aM g LayrEmgsø a b´ e dayeraKEPñ k k* m an

edayeraKdéT> maneraKRtec[kCaedI m k* m an . sU m |I kal k* e Qμ a Hza mi n manni m i t þ eRJHmi n mankM N t´ y ¨ a g enHza kñ ú g kalenHb¨ u e NÑ a HstV K b|I s ø a b´ kñ ú g kaldéT> stV m i n sø a b´ eRJHza stV T aM g LayrEmgsø a b´ k ñ ú g evlaRBw k k* m an kñ ú g evladéT>

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-128- sartßb,kasinI Gdækfa sMyutþnikay sKafvKÁÁ KW evlaézá R tg´ C aedI m k* m an . sU m |I T I k Enø g EdlRtÚ v lHbg´ e calragkay k* e Qμ a Hza mi n man ni m i t þ eRJHmi n mankarkM N t´ : ny¨ a genHza ragkayrbs´ s tV E dl nw g sø a b´ e nH Kb|I s ø a b´ k ñ ú g TI e nHb¨ u e NÑ a H TI d éT> mi n sø a b´ Bi t Nas´ kalstV T aM g LayekI t xagkñ ú g Rsú k Gtþ P aBrbs´ s tV T aM g enaH rEmg dak´ e TAxageRkARsú k k* : n stV E dlekI t sU m |I x ageRkARsú k Gtþ P aB rEmgdak´ e TAxagkñ ú g Rsú k k* : n stV E dlekI t elI e Kak elI z ñ l ´ C aedI m k* d U c Kñ a bNÐ i t Kb|I o Bi s þ a redayRbkarmi n Emnti c . sU m |I Kti k* e Qμ a Hza mi n manni m i t þ eRJHmi n mankarkM N t´ :n y¨ a genHza stV c u t i G M B I T I e nHehI y Kb|I e kI t eLI g kñ ú g TI e nH dU e cñ H eRJHza stV T aM g Lay cu t i G M B I e TvelakehI y ekI t eLI g kñ ú g mnu s Sk* man cu t i G M B I m nu s SelakehI y ekI t kñ ú g TI N amY y énelakTaM g Lay maneTvelakCaedI m k* m an stV e lakmanKti 5 rEmgpø a s´ b þ Ú r eTA dU c eKaynþ ‘eKaEdlRbkbedayeRK}gynþ ’ y¨ a genH edayRbkardU e cñ H eRJHkarpø a s´ e TAénKti e naHÉg edayehtu e nH RBHezr;eTI b eJlnw g

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-129- Gdæ k fa nnÞ n vKÁ smi T § i s U R t TI 10 eTvtaza Gatμ a mi n dw g kal; KW mi n dw g esckþ I s ø a b´ e nHza karsø a b´ n w g mankñ ú g kaleQμ a HenH dU e cñ H . Jküza kal;enAkM : M g mi n :nR:kd :ndl´ kal;enHbiT:MgehIy minCak´c|as´ nigminR:kddl´Gatμa . Jküza rEmgmi n R:kd

eRJHehtu e naH ehtu N a

GZi b |ayza

eRJHehtu e naH

kal;Edlbi T :M g enH

Gatμ a eTI b mi n bri e PaKkam

Ku N 5 ehIy eTIbsUm . kñú gJküza kalkuMknøghYsGatμa eLIy enH RBHezr;eJlza kal dU e cñ H edaysM e dAykkaleZV I s mNZm( . Bi t ehI y Zmμ t aza smNZm( e nH Edlbu K < l Qanknø g v& y TaM g 3 kñ ú g v& y cu g eRkay CaGñ k mankayEdlRTú D eRTamehI y man eQI R ct´ C aTI T u l eTAkñ ú g xagmu x jjI j j& r EdleraKkÁ k man´ ni g eraK hW tRKbsg,t´ e hIy minGaceZVI kar ‘bdibtþi :n’ eRBaHza kñú gkalenaH bu K < l EbbenaH mi n Gacer[nBu T Æ v cn;tamEdlR:zñ a tamEdlRtÚ v kar ßza mi n GacedI m |I r kSanU v Zu t g< ; ßza mi n Gacnw g enAéRB ßza mi n Gac cU lsmabtþ i:ntamEdlR:zñ a ßza mi nGaceZVI Zmμkza nigGnuemaTna edaysrP& B a¦ v i Z I C aedI m . cM E Nkkñ ú g kalEdlenACakemø a H sU m |I G ac

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-130- sartßb,kasinI Gdækfa sMyutþnikay sKafvKÁÁ eZV I ki c© T aM gBYg eRJHdUe cñaH RBHezr;eTI b eJlza kalEdleZVI s mNZm( e nH ku M Q anknø g hY s Gatμ a eTAeLI y KW z a Gatμ a nw g mi n bri e PaKkam TaM gLay nw geZV I smNZm( drabesμ I k almin Tan´Q anknøghYsGatμa eTA .

[48] Jküza mkQrRtg´EpndI esckþIza :n»za eTvtaenaH Ki t za

Pi k ¡ ú e nH

rEmgeJleQμ a HénkaleZV I s mNZm(

mi n eJlnU v

Gkal rEmgeJlZm( E dlRbRBw t þ e TARBmedayehtu RbRBw t þ e TARBm edayGani s gS dU e cñ H edayJküRtw m Etb¨ u e NÑ H eTI b ekI t esckþ I x μ a s kñ ú g RBHezr;

sm< a l´ R BHezr;enaHdU c mhaRBhμ

dU c KM n rePø I g

CaGñ k

Tn´ P ø n ´ e kI t eLI g eTI b cu H GM B I G akasmkQrRtg´ E pndI . Jküza Qr Rtg´ E pndI enaH elakeJlsM e dAykJküEdleJlehI y enH . k* e TvtaenaH mkQrRtg´ E pndI e hI y sU m |I k * B i t dl´ y ¨ a genaH elakmkehIyedayesckþI RtÚ vkary¨agNa

k*kan´ ykRbeyaCn¾y¨ag

enaHÉgeT[t eTI b eJlJküza Thera tV M CaedI m . bNþ a JküTaM g enaH Jküza enAkemø a H KW manGayu e nAti c . Jküza mansk´ e xμ A

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-131- Gdæ k fa nnÞ n vKÁ smi T § i s U R t TI 10 :ndl´ Cakemø a Hmansk´ e xμ A Rsi l . Jküza ceRmI n KW Rss´ l Á . Bi t ehI y bu K < l xø H sU m |I C akemø a HmanEPñ k xV a k´ m ¡ a g ßza kñ ú g mnu s SBi karTaM gLay manGñ kTal´RkCaedI mTaMgenaH . buK<l NamYy sU m |I e nACakemø a H k* m i n RbkbeTAedayPaBCakemø a HEdlRss´ s Á a t . cM E Nkbu K < l NamanrU b sÁ a t KY r rmi l emI l KY r RCHzø a dl´ R Bmeday sm|tþ i T aM gBYg R:zñ anw geRbIeRK}gRbdab´ Na> rEmgRbdab´edayeRK}g Glg, a renaH> Rtac´ e TAdU c eTvbu R t bu K < l dU e cñ H rEmgeQμ a Hza Gñ k RbkbedayPaBCakemø a HEdlRss´ s Á a t . k* R BHezr;dl´ R BmehI y edayrU bsm|tþ i E dlótþ m edayehtue naH eTvtaeTI b eJlcMeBaHelak y¨ a genH . Jküza CaGñ k mi n rI k raykñ ú g kamTaM g LayeLI y :ndl´ kar mi n ePø ItePø In mi n briePaKkamTaMg Lay KW mi nmanesckþIR:zñ a . Jkü za ma snÞ i d ð i k M hi t V a ‘ku M l Hbg´ s nÞ i d ð i k kameLI y ’ GZi b |ayza k* eTvtaedayeRcI n mi n eXI j sc© ; enAmanraK; mi n dw g ci t þ r bs´ G ñ k déT eXI j Pi k¡ úT aMgLay RbRBw tþ RBhμcriyd*bris uTÆi Cab´mi n dac´rhUtGs´ 10

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-132- sartßb,kasinI Gdækfa sMyutþnikay sKafvKÁÁ qñ a M x ø H 20 qñ a M x ø H .l. 60 qñ a M x ø H eTI b manesckþ I s m< a l´ za Pik¡úT aMg enHlHbg´ kamKuN 5 EdlCarbs´mnu s S R:zñ akamTaMg LayEdlCa Ti B V eTI b eZV I s mNZm( dU e cñ H sU m |I e TvtaenH k* K i t dU c y¨ a genaHÉg eRJHdU e cñ a H

elakeTI b eJldl´ k amTaM g Lay

EdlCarbs´ m nu s S

eZV I C asnÞ id ð ikkam nigeJlkamEdlCaTiB V eZVI okali kkam . RBHezr; eJlJküza n xVahM Gavue sa CaedIm esckþI za Gñkd* manGayu Gatμ a lHbg´ s nÞ i d ð i k kamehI y mi n sÞ ú H eTArkkamEdlCaTi B V EdlCakali kkameLI y

eyI g mi n R:zñ a kñ ú g kamTi B V E dlRbRBw t þ e TAtamevlaEdl

kM N t´ e LI y sÞ ú H eTArkelaku t þ r Zm( E dlsnÞ i d ð i k Zm( . RBHezr;:neZV I kamTaMg 5 sUm|I Carbs´ TiB V sUm|ICarbs´ mnusS oevlaEdlRbRBwtþ eTAtamkM N t´ eRJHkamTaM g enaH Edlbu K < l mi n Kb|I : nkñ ú g lM d ab´ é n ci t þ ni g eZV I e laku t þ r Zm( o CaZm( E dlCasnÞ i d ð i k ; eRJHelaku t þ r Zm( e naH CaZm( E dlbu K < l Kb|I : nkñ ú g lM d ab´ é nci t þ edayRbkardU e cñ H . k* k amKu N 5 RbCu M K ñ a ehI y karesayGarmμ N ¾ t amEdlR:zñ a tamEdlRtÚ v karrbs´ k am bu K < l sU m |I m ankamEdldl´ R BmehI y k*

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-133- Gdæ k fa nnÞ n vKÁ smi T § i s U R t TI 10 minseRmc ‘min:n’ kñúglMdab´éncitþ ‘Gnnþrcitþ’ . BitNas´ Edl bu K < l R:zñ a nw g esay«dð a rmμ N ¾ p ø Ú v ck¡ ú T V a r ‘pø Ú v EPñ k ’ eTI b ehACagTaM g Lay manCagsresr CageZVIs Mbu Rt ni gCagrUbCaedI mmk Kb|IeJl za BY kelakcU rtak´ E tgvtæú eQμaHenH dU e cñ H citþ T aMgLaykñúgTI enH man RbmaNJn´ e kadi m i n Emnti c ekI t eLI g ehI y k* r lt´ e TA edayesckþ I epSgKñ a kñ ú glM dab´e naHcitþ e TIbseRmcdl´ GarmμN¾ e naH ‘KW«dðarmμ N¾ ’ kñ ú g xageRkay sU m |I k ñ ú g TV a rd* e ss k* n & y enHÉg . cM E Nkesatabtþ i p l rEmgekI t eLI g kñ ú g cenø a H ‘lM d ab´ ’ én esatabtþ i m K< b ¨ u e NÑ a H var;rbs´ c i t þ d éTkñ ú g cenø a HenaHmi n man . sU m |I kñ ú g pl 3 d* e ssk* d U c Kñ a . RBHezr;kan´ y kGtæ T aM g enaHÉg ehI y eJlza kali k a hi Gavu e sa CaedI m . kñ ú g bNþ a bTTaM g enaH bTza kali k a :ndl´ vtæ ú E dleKdl´ RBmedayRbeyaCn¾ d * l Á mi n Kb|I s eRmc:n sU m |I k ñ ú g cenø a Hénkal edayn& y EdleJlehI y . Jküza Bhu T u k ¡ a ‘manTu k ¡ e RcI n ’ :n dl´ eQμ a Hza manTu k ¡ e RcI n eRJHesckþ I T u k ¡ e naH Edlxø Ü n GaRs& y kam

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-134- sartßb,kasinI Gdækfa sMyutþnikay sKafvKÁÁ TaM g LayRbRBw t þ e TAmaneRcI n . eQμ a Hza BhU : yasa ‘manesckþ I cegÁ { tcgÁ l ´ e RcI n ’

eRJHesckþ I c egÁ { tcgÁ l ´ E dlRbRBw t þ e TARBmnw g

vtæ ú é nkamenaHÉgmaneRcI n . Jküza y¨ a géRkElg kñ ú g bTza kñ ú g kamTaMg Lay maneTasy¨ agéRkElg esckþIz a eTasb¨ueNÑ aH eQμ aH za y¨ a géRkElg eRJHesckþ I s u x Edlxø Ü n GaRs& y kamTaM g 5 ehI y eTI b :n GZi b |ayza Tu k ¡ b ¨ u e NÑ a HmaneRcI n Cag . bTza snÞ i d ð i e ka GyM Zemμ a GZi b |ayza elaku t þ r Zm( e nH Edlbu K < l Na> cU l dl´ ehI y bu K < l enaH> Kb|I e XI j xø Ü n Égedaybc© e vk¡ N J¦ a N Edlkan´ ykelaku t þ r Zm( e naH Edlxø Ü n GaRs& y bu K < l déTehI y Kb|I d l´ eRJH ehtu enaH elaku tþ rZm( enaH eTIbeQμ aHza snÞid ðieka ERbza EdlbuK<l Kb|I e XI j edayxø Ü n Ég . Zm( E dleQμ a Hza Gkal eRJHGtæ z a kal rbs´Zm(enaH Cab´tnwgkaroplrbs´xøÜnminman . Zm(EdlCa Gkal n@ u H Ég eQμ a Hza Gkali e ka ERbza mi n rgcaM k al . GZi b |ayza kñ ú g elaku t þ r Zm( e nH Zm( KW Gri y mK< e naH rEmgoplCi t CaTI b M p u t kñ ú g karRbRBw t þ e TArbs´ x ø Ü n .

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-135- Gdæ k fa nnÞ n vKÁ smi T § i s U R t TI 10 Jküza KY r ehAGñ k déTza elakcU r mkemI l cu H GZi b |ayza Zm( E dleQμaHza Éhi bsSie ka eRJHGtæza KYrdl´ Éhi bsSviZI Edl RbRBw t þ e TAehI y y¨ a genH

dU e cñ H

.

Zm( E dleQμ a Hza

Obnyi e ka

eRJHGtæza KYrbegÁancUlmkkñúgcitþrbs´xøÜn sUm|InwgRtÚvePøIgeqHsMBt´ ßsI s ; k* m i n ERbRbÜ l . kñ ú g bTza bc© t þ M evTi t eBV a vi B a¦ Ú h i enH manesckþ I s eg¡ b za Edlvi J ¦ Ú C nTaM g BY g manóK¹di t Ba¦ Ú b u K < l CaedI m Kb|I d w g :nkñ ú g xø Ü n za mK< E dleyI g ceRmI n ehI y

plEdleyI g seRmcehI y

ni e raZEdl

eyI g eZV I o c|as´ e hI y dU e cñ H cM E Nkesckþ I B i s þ a r x\ ú M e JlTu k ehI y kñ ú g bkrN¾ v i e sseQμ a Hvi s u T Æ i m K< eBlBN( n aZmμ a nu s ti .

[50] «LÚvenH eTvtaenaH hak´bIdUcCabuK<lxVak´ minRCabnUv Gtæ E dlmanrU b ‘ehtu ’ Ebø k Kñ a énJküEdlRBHezr;eJlehI y eTI b eJlJküza kzBa© Pi k ¡ ú CaedI m ERbza En@ ! Pi k ¡ ú cu H kali k kamTaM g Lay RBHmanRBHPaKRTg´ R tas´ z a manTu k ¡ e RcI n ÇÇÇ etI d U c emþ c . bNþ a bTTaM g enaH bTza kzBa© esckþ I z a eTvtaeJlza En@ !

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-136- sartßb,kasinI Gdækfa sMyutþnikay sKafvKÁÁ Pi k ¡ ú kali k kamTaM g Lay EdlRBHmanRBHPaKRTg´ R tas´ etI d U c emþ c kamTaM g Lay RBHmanRBHPaKRtas´ z a manTu k ¡ e RcI n etI d U c emþ c kam TaM g Lay RBHmanRBHPaKRtas´ z a manesckþ I c egÁ { tcgÁ l ´ e RcI n etI dU c emþ c bNÐ i t Kb|I R Cabesckþ I E dlCab´ T ak´ T gedaybTTaM g BY g y¨ a g enH edayRbkardU e cñ H .

[51] Jküza neva ‘bY s zμ I ’ :ndl´ Pi k ¡ ú E dlmanvsSami n eBj 5 eQμ a Hza nv taM g BI v sSa 5 eTA eQμ a Hza mCÄi m ; taM g BI vsSa 10 eTA eQμ a Hza ezr; . n& y mY y eT[t Gñ k manvsSa 10 mi n Tan´ b ri b U r N¾ eQμ a Hza nv taM g BI v sSa 10 eTAeQμ a Hza mCÄi m ; taM g BI v sSa 20 eTA eQμ a Hza ezr; . kñ ú g TI e naH RBHezr;eJlza eyI g CaGñ k bY s zμ I dU e cñ H . sU m |I b u K < l xø H bY s kñ ú g evlaEdlxø Ü n man Gayu 7 qñaM kalQanknøg 10 vsSa k*enACasameNrn@uHÉg buK<l enH k* e Qμ a Hza zμ I bY s mi n yU r kñ ú g TI e naH RBHezr;eJlza k* e yI g CaGñ k bY s mi n yU r dU e cñ H . Jküza Zmμ v i n & y enH esckþ I z a Zm( ni g vi n & y sU m |I T aM g 2 enH

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-137- Gdæ k fa nnÞ n vKÁ smi T § i s U R t TI 10 CaeQμ a Hénsasnab¨ u e NÑ a H . Bi t ehI y eJledayZm( kñ ú g esckþ I enH elakeJlza Ca 2 bi d k ‘su t nþ ; ni g GPi Z mμ ’ eJlBI v i n & y elakeJlza Cavin&ybidk edayehtuenH RBHezr;eTIbeJlza eyIg eTIbEtCaGñkmkkan´karbdibtþi EdlRBHmanRBHPaKRbkasehIy eday bi d kTaM g bI dU e cñ H . Jküza manskþ i Z M esckþ I z a manbri v areRcI n . eRJHza eTvraCmY y Gg< > manbri v arryekadi k * m an Jn´ e kadi k * m an . ehtu e naH eTvtaenaH eTI b R:b´ z a eTvtaTaM g enaHtaM g enAkñ ú g TI E dlZM rEmgsresI r RBHtzaKtkñ ú g TI e naH

BY k eTvtaGñ k manskþ i t U c dU c Cax\ ú M

EdlekI t kñ ú g Rsú k mata nw g manOkasGM B I N a . Jküza Éx\ ú M R BHkru N ak* m kedI m |I s þ a b´ Z m( E dr esckþ I z a eTvta RCabehI y za

sU m |I e bI e TvtaEdlCabri s & T Gg< ú y ehI y

cRkvaLenHoeBj

eZV I d U c emþ c

rEmgjú a M g

eyI g Kb|I : nedI m |I e TAkan´ s mñ a k´ é n

RBHBu T Æ edayBu T Æ v i z I d * Z M dU e cñ H .

[52] eTvtaeJlnw g RBHsmi T Æ i z a bu c ä Pi k ¡ ú bu c ä Pi k ¡ ú ERbza TU l sY r cu H Pi k ¡ ú TU l sY r cu H Pi k ¡ ú enHCaJküni y aydEdl edI m |I e ZV I o mu t

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-138- sartßb,kasinI Gdækfa sMyutþnikay sKafvKÁÁ maM .

[53] kñ ú g Jküza Gek¡ y üsBa¦ i e na stþ a ‘BY k stV E dlman esckþ Is m< al´ kñ ú gbBa© k¡n Æ ’ enH esckþI za xnÆ 5 RBHmanRBHPaKRtas´ ehAza vtæ ú s Rmab´ R :b´ eRJHxnÆ 5 enaH Cavtæ ú é nkarR:b´ T aM g BY g énkzaTaM g BY g edaykarR:b´ edayn& y CaedI m za Gñ k enaHCaeTvta Camnu s S CaRKhsæ CabBV C i t CastV Cabu K < l eQμ a Hti s S; eQμ a H bu s S;CaedI m

.

mü¨ a geT[t

manesckþ I s m< a l´ o caM : ny¨ a genHza

enaHCastV Canr; CastV c i J © w m Cabu K < l CaRsI CaRbú s dU e cñ H man ehI y dl´ x nÆ T aM g enaH eRJHehtu e naH xnÆ T aM g enaH eTI b eQμ a Hza man esckþ I s m< a l´ . esckþ I s m< a l´ p g vtæ ú s Rmab´ R :b´ p g eQμ a Hza esckþ Is m< al´ kñ ú g vtæ ús Rmab´ R:b´ . GZib|ayza manesckþIs m< al´ kñ ú g xnÆ 5 zaCastV Cabu K < l CaedI m . Jküza Gek¡ y üsμ w bti d ð i t a ‘Rbkan´ s Á i t kñ ú g bBa© k ¡ n Æ ’ :ndl´ karRbkan´ m aM k ñ ú g xnÆ 5 edayGakar 8 y¨ a g . Bi t Nas´ bu K < l EdlraK;RbLak´ e hI y rEmgCab´ C M B ak´ ‘Rbkan´ m aM ’ edayGM N acén

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-139- Gdæ k fa nnÞ n vKÁ smi T § i s U R t TI 10 raK; bu K< lEdleTas;RbTU sra¨ yehI y rEmgCab´CM B ak´ edayGM Nac éneTas; bu K < l vegV g ehI y rEmgCab´ C M B ak´ e dayGM N acénemah; . bu K < l Rbkan´ x u s rEmgCab´ C M B ak´ e dayGM N acénTi d ð i . bu K < l Edl manki e lsd* m ankmø a M g

rEmgCab´ C M B ak´ e dayGM N acénGnu s & y

bu K < l EdlmaneRK}gcgTu k

rEmgCab´ C M B ak´ e dayGM N acénmanH

. .

bu K < l mi n eBjci t þ rEmgCab´ C M B ak´ e dayGM N acénvi c i k i c ä a . bu K < l manci t þ r evI r vayehI y rEmgCab´ C M B ak´ e dayGM N acénóTÆ c © ; dU e cñ H . Jküza Gek¡ y ümbri B a¦ a y ‘mi n kM N t´ d w g nU v bBa© k ¡ n Æ ’ KW mi n kM N t´ d w g xnÆ 5 edaybri J ¦ a 3 . Jküza eyaKmaynþ i mc© ú e na ‘rEmglu H kñ ú g GM N acénesckþ I sø a b´ ’ GZi b |ayza stV T aM g Lay rEmgmkkan´ k i e lsCaeRK}gRbkb k* m ankarrsat´ e TA karcU l eTAkan´ l M e nAénmc© ú KW mkkan´ G M N acén mc© ú

.

RBHmanRBHPaK

Rtas´ k amTaM g LayEdlCab´ T ak´ T geday

kay edayKazaenH edayRbkardU e cñ H . Jküza kM N t´ d w g :ndl´ karkM N t´ d w g edaybri J ¦ a TaM g 3

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-140- sartßb,kasinI Gdækfa sMyutþnikay sKafvKÁÁ enH KW jatb|ri J ¦ a tI r Nb|ri J ¦ a bhanb|ri J ¦ a . kñ ú g bNþ a bri J ¦ a TaM g enaH jatb|ri J ¦ a etI d U c emþ c / bu K < l rEmgkM N t´ d w g xnÆ 5 za enHrU b k¡ n Æ .l. enHvi J ¦ a Nk¡ n Æ Zm( T aM g enH manlk¡ N ; rs bc© ú b |dð a n ni g bTdð a nCaedI m én xnÆ T aM g enaH enHeQμ a Hza jatb|ri J ¦ a . tI r Nb|ri J ¦ a etI d U c emþ c / bu K < l rEmgBi c arNaxnÆ 5 eZV I o Cavtæ ú E dlxø Ü n dw g ehI y y¨ a g enH edayGakar 42 edayPaBmi n eT[g CaTu k ¡ CaeraK enHeQμ a Hza tI r Nb|ri J ¦ a . bhanb|ri J ¦ a etI d U c emþ c / bu K < l RKaBi c arNay¨ a genHehI y rEmglHkamcä n Þ ; kñ ú g xnÆ 5 edaymK< d * R besI r enHeQμ a Hza bhanb|ri J ¦ a . Jküza Gk¡ a tarM n mBa¦ t i GZi b |ayza xI N asvPi k ¡ ú kM N t´ dw g xnÆ 5 edaybri J ¦ a 3 y¨ a genHehI y rEmgmi n sm< a l´ d l´ b u K < l EdlR:b´ .

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-141- Gdæ k fa nnÞ n vKÁ smi T § i s U R t TI 10 Jküza Gk¡ a tarM ‘esckþ I E dlR:b´ ’ :ndl´ RBHxI N asv; Kb|Idwgdl´GñkeZVIedayGMNacénkmμ GZib|ayza RBHxINaRsB rEmg mi n sm< al´ KW min eXIjesckþI EdlR:b´ esckþIE dleKeJlehI yza Cabu K < l dU e cñ H . sY r za esckþ I E dlR:b´ dU c emþ c / . eqø I y za bu K < l enHeQμ a H ti s S; ßbu s S; Edlbu K < l RbkasedayeQμ a H ß edayeKaRt y¨ a gNamY y . Jküza tBaØ i tsμ a n ehati ‘eRJHesckþ I e naH mi n mandl´ bu K< l enaHeLI y ’ :ndl´ esckþIEdlR:b´ za buK< l enHeQμaH ti s S; ßbu s S;enaH rEmgmi n mandl´ R BHxI N aRsBenaH . Jküza eyn nM vC¢ a n tsS Gtæ i ‘ehtu e naH CnNamY y Kb|I t i H ed[lbu K < l naH edayehtu N a ehtu e naHmi n mandl´ b u K < l enaH eLI y’ GZi b|ayza Gñ kNa> Kb|Ie Jldl´esckþI E dlR:b´ ‘xnÆ 5’ enaHza bu K < l enH manteRmkehI y edayraK;Na ßbu K < l enH RtÚ v RbTU s ra¨ y ehI y edayeTas;Na ßza bu K < l enH vegV g ehI y eday emah;Na dUe cñ H ehtuTaM gGs´e naHÉg rEmgminmandl´ RBHxI NaRsB

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-142- sartßb,kasinI Gdækfa sMyutþnikay sKafvKÁÁ enaH .

[54] bTza eya mBa¦ t i ERbza bu K < l Na rEmgsm< a l´ GZi b|ayza bu K< l Na rEmgsm< al´xøÜ nza eyI gCaGñkesμ IeK ßRbesI r CageK ßza ezakTabCageK . edayJküenH RTg´ k an´ y kmanH 3 EdlmanJküza eyI g RbesI r CageKCaedI m . kalmanHTaM g 3 enaH EdlRBHGg< R Tg´ k an´ y kehI y k* r EmgeQμ a Hza RTg´ k an´ y kmanH 9 Ég . Jküza es vi v eTz etn KW z a bu K < l enaHKb|I n i y ayeday manHenaHÉgnw gbu K< lNamYyy¨agenHza elakesμ Ie yI g edayehtuGVI rEmgesμ I e yI g edayCati ß ßeJlGM B I e KaRt ßcM E Nkxø H énRtkU l ß za edayPaBCaGñ k manBN( s m|ú r zø a pU r pg´

ßedayCaBhu s SÚ t ß

edayZu t g< K u N dU e cñ H RBHmanRBHPaKRtas´ k amTaM g Lay Edlman karRbRBw tþ eTAedayevlabnþi cbnþÜ c edaymYyKazaknøHsUm|IenH eday RbkardU e cñ H . bTza tI s u vi Z asu :ndl´ manH 3 . Bi t Nas´ RBHmanRBHPaKRtas´ e kadð a s;za Cavi Z ; dU c kñ ú g bTza Ékvi e Zn rU b -

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-143- Gdæ k fa nnÞ n vKÁ smi T § i s U R t TI 10 sg< e ha CaedI m ERbza se®g< a HrU b Tu k edaycM E NkmY y . Rtas´ e hA Gakar ‘lk¡ N ;’ za Cavi Z ; dU c kñ ú g bTza kzM v i Z M sI l vnþ M vTnþ i kzM v i Z M bBa¦ v nþ M vTnþ i CaedI m ERbza rEmgeJlGakardU c emþ c za Ca Gñ k mansI l

rEmgeJlGakardU c emþ c za

CaGñ k manbJ¦ a CaedI m

.

kñ ú g RBH:lI e nHza ti e sSa «ma Pi k ¡ e v vi Z aktma ti e sSa eseyüahmsμ I t i vi Z a hI e nahmsμ I t i vi Z a ERbza mñ a lPi k ¡ ú T aM g Lay manHTaM g 3 enH etI d U c emþ c manHTaM g 3 enH KW manHza eyI g RbesI r CageK eyIgesμIeK eyIgezakTabCageK dUecñH RbkarenHRtas´manHza CaviZ; . sU m |I k ñ ú g bkrN¾ e nH

k* R tas´ m anHn@ u H Ég edayJküza vi Z ;

eday

ehtu e naH eTI b Rtas´ z a tI s u vi Z asu :ndl´ manH 3 dU e cñ H . Jküza Gvi k m|maena ‘Gñ k mi n jab´ j & r ’ GZi b |ayza bu K < l NarEmgmi n jab´ j & r mi n eTareTAkñ ú g manH 3 edayseg¡ b ßkñ ú g manH 9 edayBi s þ a r . Jküza sema vi e stI t i n tsS ehati esckþ I Rbkan´ z a eyI g esμ I e K RbesI r CageK ezakTabCageKenH RBHmanRBHPaKRTg´s Emþ gmanHTaMg 3 enHza mi nmandl´ RBHxI NaRsB eRBaH

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-144- sartßb,kasinI Gdækfa sMyutþnikay sKafvKÁÁ :nlHbg´ m anHehI y

.

bTcu g eRkayénRBHKazaenH

Edlx\ ú M e JlTu k ehI y

.

edayknø H KazaenH

mann& y tam

RBHmanRBHPaKRtas´

elaku t þ r Zm( 9 y¨ a g Edlbu K < l Kb|I e XI j :nedayxø Ü n Ég eday RbkardU e cñ H .

[55] bTza bhasi sg¡ M 1 ERbza Pi k ¡ ú x I N aRsB lHbg´ bJ¦ t þ i e cjehI y GZi b |ayza bJ¦ a eQμ a Hza sg¡ a Edlmanmkkñ ú g :lI z a bdi s g¡ a eyani e sa CaedI m ERbza Bi c arNaedayó:yd* RbéB . sg¡a manGtæesμInwgkarKNna ‘rab´cMnYn’ ßkarrab´ dU c kñ ú g RBH:lI z a Gtæ i bn ekaci KNeka va yu T Æ i e ka va sg¡ a yi e ka va eya behati Kg< a y vali k M KeNtu M ERbza k* G ñ k Na> Caehara k* e day CaGñ k su x u m k* e day CaGñ k rab´ k * e day Gacnw g rab´ c M n Y n RKab´ xSac´ k ñ ú g Tenø K g< a dU e cñ H . sg¡ a manGtæ e sμ I n w g ekadð a s; KW cM E Nk ßPaK dU c kñ ú g bTza sBa¦ a ni T ana hi bbBa© s g¡ a CaedI m ERbza Bi t ehI y Zm( E dlCacM E Nkénesckþ I y W t yU r Caehtu é nsJ¦ a . mü¨ a g 1- kñ ú g :lI z a bhasi kg¡ M

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-145- Gdæ k fa nnÞ n vKÁ smi T § i s U R t TI 10 eT[t bJ¦ t þ i m kkñ ú g Jküza sg¡ a dU c bTza ya etsM Zmμ a nM sg¡ a smBa¦ a enH ERbza bJ¦ t þ i KW eQμ a HénZm( T aM g enaH . sU m |I k ñ ú g TI e nH elakk* R :zñ a ykbJ¦ t þ i b ¨ u e NÑ a H . Bi t ehI y

esckþ I é nbTza

bhasi

sg¡ M

enH

GZi b |ayza

RBHxI N aRsBlHbg´ e hI y lHbg´ e calehI y lHRsLHehI y nU v bJ¦ t þ i e nHza bu K < l EdlraK;RbLak´ e hI y Gñ k EdleTas;RbTU s ra¨ y ehI y bu K < l vegV g ehI y . bTza n vi m anmaKa ERbza seRmcZm( EdlR:scakmanHehI y KW mi n cU l dl´ m anH 3 y¨ a g Edlman 9 RbePT . mü¨ a geT[t épÞ é nmata

TanehAza

vi m an;

eRJHGtæ z a

CaTI

GaRs&y RBHxINaRsB rEmgmincUleTAkan´TIGaRs&y ‘KWépÞénmata’ enaHteTAeT[t edayGM N acénbdi s nÆ i . bTza vi m anmaKa enH Ca JküeJldl´ G tI t

EteRbI k ñ ú g Gtæ n & y énGnaKt

.

bTza

Gecä C ¢ i

ERbza kat´ e hI y . bTza qi n ñ K næ M ERbza kat´ e RK}gcg 4 ‘Knæ ; 4’ ehI y . bTza Gni X M ERbza mi n cegÁ { tcgÁ l ´ c i t þ KW mi n manTu k ¡ .

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-146- sartßb,kasinI Gdækfa sMyutþnikay sKafvKÁÁ bTza ni v asM ERbza mi n manesckþ I R :zñ a edaytNØ a . bTza bri eysmana ERbza karEsV g rk KW RtÜ t emI l . bTza naCÄKmu M ERb za mi n CY b RbTH KW mi n dl´ mi n RbsBV mi n eXI j . esckþ I e nH man Gtæ é nGtI t Etmanesckþ I s M e dAdl´ b c© ú b |nñ . bTza «Z va hu r M va ERbza kñ ú g elakenH ßkñ ú g elakmu x . bTza sBV n i e vsensu ERbza kñ ú g sæ a nTI G aRs& y rbs´ s tV T aM g BY g :ndl´ kñ ú g PB 3 kM e NI t 4 Kti

5

vi J ¦ a Ndð i t i

7

stþ a vas

9

GZi b |ayza

rEmgmi n eXI j

RBHxI N aRsB KW GñkmaneRK}gcgEdlkat´e cjehIy EdlkMB u gekI t ßekI t eLI g ehI y eRJHkarEbkZø a yénkay Tmø a yxnÆ k ñ ú g TI G aRs& y rbs´ s tV sU m |I T aM g BY g enH edayRbkardU e cñ H . edayRBHKazaenH RBHmanRBHPaKRtas´ e laku t þ r Zm( Edlbu K < l Kb|I e XI j :nn@ u H Ég .

[56] eTvtaenaH luHsþab´RBHKazaenHehIy eTIbkMNt´esckþI :n edayehtu e naHÉg eTI b RkabTU l za «msS xV a hM Penþ CaedI m ERbza bBi R tRBHmanRBHPaKd* c eRmI n x\ ú M R BHGg< R Cabesckþ I é nZm( E dl RBHmanRBHPaKRtas´ e dayseg¡ b oBi s þ a r y¨ a genH . bTza :bM

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-147- Gdæ k fa nnÞ n vKÁ smi T § i s U R t TI 10 n kyi r a ERbza mi n KY r eZV I : benaH smKY r dl´ n w g eJl sU m |I e day GM N acénku s lkmμ b z 10 sU m |I e dayGM N acénmK< R bkbedayGg< 8 . eJlGM B I k u s lkmμ b z 10 mu n KW kñ ú g bNþ a bTTaM g enaH bTza vcsa ERbza edayvaca :ndl´ vcIs ucrit 4 y¨ag . bTza mnsa ERbza edayci t þ :ndl´ menasu c ri t 3 y¨ a g . bTza kaeyn va kiB a©n M sBVe laek ERbza edaykayNa> kñúgelakTaM gBY g :ndl´ kaysu c ri t 3 y¨ a g . ku s lkmμ b z 10 TaM g enH rEmgmanmu n edayRbkardU e cñ H . eJledaymK< R bkbedayGg< 8 k* e daybTza kaem bhay ERbza lHkamTaM g LayecjehI y :ndl´ hamkamsu x lø i k anu eyaK . edaybTza sti m a sm|Caena ‘mansti mansm|CJ¦ ; ’ enH :ndl´ kan´ yksti nigsm|CJ¦; CaGñ keZVIku slkmμ bz 10 . edaybTza Tu k ¡ M n esevz Gntæ s BaØ i t M ERbza mi n KY r esBesckþ I T u k ¡ EdlRbkbedayeTasenH

:ndl´

bdi e sZGtþ k i l mzanu e yaK

.

eTvtaev[rpø Ú v TI b M p u t TaM g 2 enH:nehI y eTI b RkabTU l za bBi R tRBH-

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-148- sartßb,kasinI Gdækfa sMyutþnikay sKafvKÁÁ manRBHPaK x\ ú M R BHGg< R Cabku s lkmμ b z 10 nw g edaysti s m|CJ¦ ; EdlCaGñ k eZV I E dlRBHGg< R tas´ e hI y edayGakary¨ a genH k* n & y enH Ég eJledayGM N acénmK< R bkbedayGg< 8 . :n»za RBHZm( eTsnamanRbeyaCn¾ Z M : nmanehI y kñ ú g TI e naHÉg . kñ ú gevlacb´eTsna eTvtaenaHkMB ugQry¨agNan@uHÉg bJ¢Ú n jaNeTAtamRkEséneTsna eXI j mK< E dlRbkbedayGg< 8 Edl xø Ü n seRmcehI y eRJHesckþ I t aM g maM k ñ ú g esatabtþ i p l eTI b RkabTU l esckþ I e naHdl´ R BHmanRBHPaK bNþ a bTTaM g enaH bTza vcsa :n dl´ smμ a vaca . Etmena mi n EmnCaGg< m K< eRJHdU e cñ a H ci t þ E dl sm|yu t þ e daymK< eTI b :ndl´ menasu c ri t 3 . bTza kaeyn va ki B a© n M :ndl´ smμ a kmμ n þ ; . cM E Nk smμaGaCIv; elakkan´yksmμavaca nigsmμakmμnþ;rYmKñan@uHÉg . eday bTza sti m a :ndl´ smμ a vayam; smμ a sti ni g smμ a smaZi . edaybTza sm|Caena :ndl´ smμ a Ti d ð i ni g smμ a sg, b |; . kar ev[rcaknUvTIbMputTaMg 2 elakkan´ykedaybTTaMg 2 KW kaem bhay

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-149- Gdæ k fa nnÞ n vKÁ smi T § i s U R t TI 10 ni g Tu k ¡ M n esevz dU e cñ H . eTvtaenaH kalRkabTU l za bBi R t RBHmanRBHPaK x\ ú M R BHGg< r EmgRCabmCÄi m abdi b Ta Edlmi n GaRs& y nU v TI b M p u t TaM g 2 enH tamEdlRBHGg< R tas´ e hI y edayRbkardU e cñ H rY c ehI y eZV I k arbU C aRBHtzaKtedayeRK}gsk, a r;TaM g Lay manrbs´ RkGU b ni g p, a eQI C aedI m eZV I R bTkSi N rY c ehI y k* e c[secjeTA dU e cñ H Ég .

cb;Gdækfa smiT §is URtTI 10 3 cb´ n nÞ n vK< T I 2

rYmkñúgvKÁenHman

?

1- GdækfannÞn 3- Gdækfantßb ut þs m 5- Gdæk faskman 7- GdækfaTuk ár 9- Gdæk fakud ik a

2- GdækfannÞi 4- Gdæk faxtþiy 6- Gdæk faniT Þa tnÞi 8- Gdækfahir i 10- Gdæk fasmiT §i

v ° u

3

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-150- sartßb,kasinI Gdækfa sMyutþnikay sKafvKÁÁ stþivK<TI 3 G dð k za stþ i s U R tTI 1 Kb|I R Cabvi n i c ä & y kñ ú g stþ i s U R tTI 1 énstþ i v K< T I 3 teTA ?

[57] bTza stþ i y a enH CabzméneTsna . GZi b |ayza edays®sþ a manmu x Etm¡ a gCaedI m . bTza Omedð a ERbza RtÚ v Rbhar ehI y . Bi t ehI y eRK}gRbharenHman 4 y¨ a g KW eQμ a Hza Omdð ; ómdð; mdð ; nigvi mdð; kñ úgbNþaeRK}gRbharTaM g 4 enaH eRK}gRbhar EdleKdak´T u kxagelIomanmu x cu HxageRkam eQμaHza Omdð; . eRK}g RbharEdleKdak´ T u k xageRkamomanmu x eLI g elI eQμ a Hza ómdð ; . eRK}gRbhareKeRbI s Rmab´ c ak´ T mø ú H EdldU c Caesñ { tKnø w H TV a r eQμ a Hza mdð ; . eRK}gRbharsU m |I T aM g Gs´ d * e sseQμ a Hza vi m dð ; . k* k ñ ú g TI e nH elakR:zñ a ykeRK}gRbharEdleQμ a Hza Omdð ; eRJHeRK}gRbharRbePTenHTaruNCag ‘sahav’ eRK}gRbharTaM gGs´

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-151- Gdæ k fa stþ i v KÁ sti s U R t TI 1 dU c mnu s SEdlRtÚ v lM E Bgmi n sU v mu t cak´ e hI y

Büa:llM : k man

eTasxagkñ ú g KW manTw k rég ni g QamenARtg´ m u x dM e ¶ mi n manTw k rég ni gQamhU recj eTI beZV I oKMuxÞúHenAxagkñúg . GñkRtÚ vkarnwgnaMxÞúH ni g Qamecj RtÚ v cgGñ k Cmá W T u k nw g ERK ehI y eZV I o sI s ;sM y u g cu H . eK rEmgdl´ n U v karsø a b´ ßTu k ¡ e sÞ I r Etnw g sø a b´ . Jküza bri B V e C¢ EkCa vi h eryü ERbza Kb|I e nA . sY r za kñ ú g KazaenH eTvtaeJly¨ a gNa . eqø I y za eTvtaeJlza bu r s RtÚvcak´edaylMEBg Rbjab´eZVIesckþIBüayamedIm|InwgrkSadMe¶ eday kardklM E Bgecj ni g bu r sEdlRtÚ v ePø I g eqHelI k |al .l. Rbjab´ eZV I e sckþ I B üayamedI m |I B nø t ´ e Pø I g

y¨ a gNa

bBi R tRBHd* m anRBHPaK

Pi k ¡ ú k * d U e cñ a Hn@ u H Ég Kb|I m ansti mi n RbmaT edI m |I l HkamraK; dU e cñ H . lM d ab´ e naH RBHmanRBHPaKRTg´ t Rmi H za KazaEdleTvtaenHnaM mktaM gTu kehI y eZV Ióbma kan´ykRbeyaCn¾:ntictY c sUm|Inw geJl k* e KeJldl´ k arlHedaykarRKbsg, t ´ k amraK;Etmü¨ a g k* k amraK; EdlmK< minTan´ dkecjdrabNa drabenaH k*enAmankartamcger]y>

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-152- sartßb,kasinI Gdækfa sMyutþnikay sKafvKÁÁ eRJHdU e cñ a H kalnw g RTg´ k an´ y kJküóbmaenaHÉg ehI y RTg´ p ø a s´ sEmþ g edayGM N acénmK< eTI b Rtas´ R BHKaza TI 2 . esckþ I é nKaza enaH Kb|I R CabedayTM n gEdleJlehI y n@ u H Ég .

cb;Gdækfa stþis URtTI 1 3

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-153- Gdæ k fa sti v KÁ pu s ti s U R t TI 2 G dð k za pu s ti s U R tTI 2 Kb|I R Cabvi n i c ä & y kñ ú g pu s ti s U R tTI 2 teTA ?

[59] bTza napu s nþ M pu s ti esckþ I z a vi : k rEmgmi n Bal´ RtÚ v bu K< l Edlmin Bal´RtÚ v kmμ ‘KWGñkmin eZVI kmμ’ mü¨ ageT[t kmμ rEmg mi n Bal´ R tÚ v bu K < l Edlmi n Bal´ R tÚ v kmμ n @ u H Ég . eRJHza kmμ rEmg mi n Bal´ RtÚ vbu K< l Edlmin b¨ H Bal´kmμenaHÉg . eRBaHza kmμ rEmgmin eb[teb[ndl´ bu K<l Edlmi neZVI ‘kmμ’ . bTza pus nþB a© teta pu e s esckþ I z a vi : k rEmgBal´ R tÚ v bu K < l Edlb¨ H Bal´ k mμ mü¨ a geT[t kmμ n@ u H Ég rEmgb¨ H Bal´ b u K < l Edlb¨ H Bal´ k mμ . eRJHza kmμ rEmgeZV I ‘eb[teb[n’ bu K < l EdleZV I ‘kmμ ’ . bTza tsμ a pu s nþ M pu s ti Gb|Tud ðb|eTasin M GZib|ayza eRJHvi:k rEmgminb¨ H Bal´buK<l Edlmin b¨ H Bal´ k mμ rEmgb¨ H Bal´ b u K < l Edlb¨ H Bal´ k mμ RbkarenHCaZmμ t a rbs´ k mμ v i : kTaM g Lay dU e cñ a H RBHmanRBHPaKeTI b Rtas´ z a ?

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-154- sartßb,kasinI Gdækfa sMyutþnikay sKafvKÁÁ bu K < l Na rEmgRbTU s cM e JHbu K < l Edlmi n RbTU s tb CaGñkbrisuTÆi CaGñkminmanTITYl KW kiels buK<lEdl RbTUs cMe JHbuK <l EdlminRbTUs RBHmanRBHPaKRtas´ Tu k y¨ a genH . mü¨ ageT[t kmμ ßvi: k rEmgBal´RtÚ v buK< lenaH Edlb¨HBal´ kmμ e naHÉg eRJHza bu K < l enaH rEmgGaceZV I k arsmø a b´ b u K < l déT ß mi n ‘smø a b´ ’ k* e day EtGtþ a eQμ a Hza taM g enAehI y kñ ú g G:y 4 edaykmμ e naH edayehtu e naH RBHmanRBHPaKeTI b Rtas´ z a :b rEmg RtLb´ mkdl´ bu K<l JlenaHvij dUcZUl Id*l ÁitEdl:ceTARcasxül´ dU e cñ a H .

cb;Gdækfa pustis URtTI 2 3

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-155- Gdæ k fa sti v KÁ CdasU R t TI 3 G dð k za CdasU R tTI 3 Kb|I R Cabvi n i c ä & y kñ ú g CdasU R tTI 3 teTA ? bNÐ i t Kb|I R Cabesckþ I é nKazaza Genþ a Cda dU c teTAenH ?

[61] bTza Cda CaeQμ a Hrbs´ t NØ a dU c CasM N aj´ . Bi t ehI y tNØ a enaH eQμ a Hza Cda eRJHGtæ z a dU c CaéRBRkas´ eJlKW karRbTak´ K ñ a énEmkeQI T aM g Lay manEmk#sSI C aedI m edayGtæ z a cak´e RsHKñ a eRJHekI teLI ger]y> jy> kñú gGarmμN¾ T aM gLay man rU : rmμ N ¾ C aedI m edayGM N acénGarmμ N ¾ T aM g xagkñ ú g ni g xageRkA . k* t NØ a enH eTvbu R tehAza CaeRK}gcak´ e RsHTaM g xagkñ ú g Ca eRK}gcak´e RsHTaM gxageRkA eRJHekIteLIgkñú gbrik¡ arrbs´xøÜ n nigbrik¡ arrbs´ Gñ kdéT TaM gkñ ú gGtþPaBrbs´xøÜ n ni gGtþPaBrbs´Gñ k déT TaMg kñ ú g Gaytn;xagkñ ú g ni g Gaytn;xageRkA . BY k stV r vl´ xV l ´ x V a y ehI y edayeRK}gcak´ e RsH KW tNØ a enaH EdlekI t eLI g y¨ a genH .

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-156- sartßb,kasinI Gdækfa sMyutþnikay sKafvKÁÁ GZi b|ayza edI meQI T aMgLay man#sSI CaedI m RbTak´Kñ aehI yeday Emkrbs´ e QI T aM g Lay man#sSI C aedI m y¨ a gNa bCa KW BY k stV sU m|I T aM gGs´ e nH k*rvl´ x Vl ´xV ayehIyedayeRK}gcak´ eRsH KW tNØ a RtÚ v tNØ a enaHcgTu k ehI y dU e cñ a H . k* e RJHBY k stV R tÚ v tNØ a cgTu k ehIyy¨ agenH dU e cñaH x\ ú MRBHGg< e TI bsUmTUlsY rRBHGg< za tM tM eKatm buc äami dU e cñ H ERbza bBi R tRBHeKatm x\ ú M R BHGg< s U m TU l sY r RBHGg< . bTza eKatm KW eTvta rEmgehARBHmanRBHPaKedayRBHeKaRt . bTza eka «mM vi C dey CdM ERbza Gñ k NaKb|I k ab´ q , a rnU v eRK}gcak´ eRsHenH esckþ I z a eTvbu R tenaHTU l sY r za Gñ k NaKb|I k ab´ q , a r KW Gñ k NaGackab´ q , a rnU v eRK}gcakeRsH KW ‘tNØ a ’ d* R kas´ E dltaM g enA kñ ú g elakZatu T aM g 3 enH:n .

[62] lMdab´enaH RBHmanRBHPaK kalnwgRTg´visC¢naesckþI enHdl´ e Tvbu R tenaH eTI b Rtas´ z a ? sI e l

bti d ð a y

nera

PavyM GatabI ni b eka Pi k ¡ ú

sb|eBa¦ a ci t þ M bBa¦ B a© esa

«mM

vi C dey

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-157- Gdæ k fa sti v KÁ CdasU R t TI 3 nrCnmanR:C\a taMgmaMk ñúgsIl ehIy ceRmIn nUv smaZi ni g vi b sSnabJ¦ a CaGñ k manBüayamdu t kemþ A ki e ls Rbkbeday:rihariyb|J¦a CaGñkeXIjP&ykñúgsgSar bu K < l enaH eTI b kab´ q , a rnU v tNØ a CaeRK}gcak´ e RsHenH :n . bNþ a bTTaM g enaH bTza sI e l bti d ð a y :ndl´ taM g enA kñ ú g ctu b |ari s u T Æ i s I l . k* k ñ ú g bTenH Kb|I R Cabza RBHmanRBHPaK EdleTvtaTU l sY r dl´ C da KW tNØ a Edlcgnr;Tu k RBHGg< e TI b epþ I m Jküza sI l mi n :nTU l sY r y¨ a gdéT k* m i n :nRtas´ y ¨ a gdéT . eRJHza

RBHmanRBHPaKRtas´ d l´ s I l kñ ú g TI e nH

k* e dI m |I R Tg´ s Emþ g

dl´ T I B w g rbs´ n r; CaGñ k kab´ q , a rnU v eRK}gcak´ e RsH KW tNØ a Edl cgTu k . bTza nera :ndl´ stV . bTza

sbeBa¦ a

:ndl´

Gñ k manbJ¦ a

eRBaHbdi s nÆ i e day

bJ¦ a EdlCaéRtehtu EdlekI t BI k mμ . bTza ci t þ M bBa¦ B a© PavyM :ndl´

jú a M g smaZi

ni g bJ¦ a oceRmI n

. Bi t Nas´

RbkarenH

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-158- sartßb,kasinI Gdækfa sMyutþnikay sKafvKÁÁ RBHmanRBHPaKRtas´ s mabtþ i 8 Tu k CaRbZanénci t þ Rtas´ v i b sSna Tuk edayeQμaHza bJ¦a . bTza Gatab ERbza manesckþIBüayam . Bi tehI y esckþ IB üayam Rtas´ehAza Gatab; eRJHGtæza CaeRK}g du t ki e lsTaM g Layoekþ A pSa . esckþ I B üayamCaeRK}gdu t ki e ls rbs´ n r;enaHmanehI y ehtu e naH nr;CaGñ k manesckþ I B üayamenaH eTI beQμ aHza GatabI ERbza GñkmanesckþIBüayamCaeRK}gdutki e ls oekþ A pSa . kñ ú g bTza ni b eka enH Rtas´ e hA bJ¦ a za enbk; . GZib|ayza nr;CaGñkRbkbedaybJ¦a eQμaHza enbk; enaH . RTg´ s Emþ g :ri h ari y b|J¦ a edaybTza ni b eka enH . GZi b |ayza bJ¦ a EdlCaehtu j ú a M g bu K < l Kb|I r kSaoseRmcki c © T aM g BY g edayn&y za enHCakalsmKY r edI m |I e r[n ‘óeTÞ s ’ enHCakalsmKY r edI m |I s ak sY r ‘bri b u c ä a ’ CaedI m eQμ a Hza :ri h ari y b|J¦ a . kñ ú g bJØ a BüakrN¾ e nH bJ¦ a mk 3 var; . kñ ú g bJ¦ a TaM g enaH bJ¦ a TI m Y y eQμ a Hza sCati b J¦ a ‘bJ¦ a mkRBmnw g karekI t ’ bJ¦ a TI B I r eQμ a Hza vi b sSnabJ¦ a . bJ¦ a TI b I eQμ a Hza :ri h ari y b|J¦ a

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-159- Gdæ k fa sti v KÁ CdasU R t TI 3 EdlCaeRK}gnaM e TAkñ ú gkic© T aMgBY g . bTza Pik ¡ú manvieRKaHza Gñ kNa rEmgeXI j P& y kñ ú g sgSar

ehtu e naH

Gñ k enaHeTI b eQμ a Hza

Pi k ¡ ú

.

bTza esa «mM vi C dey CdM esckþ I z a Pi k ¡ ú e naH Kb|I k ab´ q , a rCdaenH :ndl´

Pi k ¡ ú e naHCaGñ k RbkbedayKu N TaM g Lay

mansI l aTi K u N

CaedI m TaM g enH ‘Gñ k RbkbedayKu N Zm( 6 KW sI l smaZi bJ¦ a 3 y¨ a g ni g vI r i y ;’ GZi b |ayza Pi k ¡ ú G aRs& y EpndI KW sI l ehI y elI k s®sþ a KW vi b sSnabJ¦ a Edlxø Ü n sM e l[glÁ e hI y edayzμ KW smaZi edayéd KW :ri h ari y b|J¦ a Rbkbedaykmø a M g KW esckþ I B üayam p< g eLI g ehI y Kb|I k ab´ q , a r Kb|I k at´ Kb|I T mø a ynU v eRK}gcak´ e RsH KW tNØ aEdlsæ itenAkñ úg snþ anénxøÜn enaHsU m|ITaM gGs´ eRb{bdUcbu rs EdlQrelI E pndI q, a rKu m ¬ # sSI Z M

elI k s®sþ a Edlxø Ü n sM e l[glÁ e hI y

dU e cñ a H

.

RBHmanRBHPaK

Kb|I k ab´

RKaRtas´ e sk¡ P U m i e day

JkümanRbmaNb¨ u e NÑ H ehI y «LÚ v enH kalnw g RTg´ s Emþ g dl´ R BH mhaxI N aRsBGñ k kab´ q , a rnU v éRBRkas´ ‘tNØ a ’ ehI y taM g enA eTI b Rtas´ J küza ?

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-160- sartßb,kasinI Gdækfa sMyutþnikay sKafvKÁÁ eysM raeKa c eTaesa c

Gvi C ¢ a c vi r aCi t a

xI N asva

etsM vi C ¢ i t a Cda

Grhenþ a

raK;kþ I eTas;kþ I Gvi C ¢ a kþ I Edlbu K < l BY k Nakm© a t´ : n ehIy buK<lTaMgenaH manGasv;Gs´ehIy CaGñkqáay cakki e ls tNØ a CaeRK}gcak´ e RsH Edlbu K < l TaM g enaHkab´ q , a r:nehI y . RBHmanRBHPaK lu H RTg´ s Emþ g dl´ R BHxI N aRsBGñ k kab´ q , a r nUveRK}gcak´e RsH KW tNØ a y¨agenHehI ytaMgenA kalnwgRTg´s Emþ g OkasCaeRK}gkab´ q , a réRBRkas´ e T[t eTI b Rtas´ J küza ? ytæ namBa© rU b Ba©

GessM

óbru C Äti

bdi X rU b sBa¦ a c

Étæ sa qi C ¢ e t Cda

namkþ I rU b kþ I bdi X sJ¦ a ni g rU b sJ¦ a kþ I rEmgrlt´ mi n manesssl´ k ñ ú g TI N a

tNØ a CaeRK}gcak´ e RsH

enaH rEmgrlt´ e TAkñ ú g TI e naH . bNþ a bTTaM g enaH bTza namM :ndl´ GrU b xnÆ 4 . kñ ú g bT

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-161- Gdæ k fa sti v KÁ CdasU R t TI 3 za bdi X rU b sBa¦ a enH elakkan´ y kkamPB edayGM N acénbdi X sJ¦a kan´ykrU bPB edayGM N acénrUbsJ¦ a . kalPBTaMg 2 enaH RTg´ k an´ y kehI y GrU b PB k* C akarkan´ y kehI y edayseg¡ b énPB n@ u H Ég . kñ ú g bTza Éetæ s a qi C ¢ e t Cda enH ERbza tNØ a CaeRK}gcak´ eRsH

rEmgdac´ e TAkñ ú g TI e naH KW z a tNØ a EdlCaeRK}gcak´ e RsHenH

rEmgdac´ e TAkñ ú g TI b M p u t énvdþ ; EdlRbRBw t þ e TAkñ ú g PU m i 3 KW z a GaRs& y RBHni B V a nehI y rEmgdac´ rEmgrlt´ e TA dU e cñ H enHCaGtæ E dlRBHmanRBHPaKRTg´ s Emþ g Tu k ehI y dU e cñ H Ég .

cb;Gdækfa CdasURt TI 3 3

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-162- sartßb,kasinI Gdækfa sMyutþnikay sKafvKÁÁ G dð k za menani v arNsU R tTI 4

Kb|I R Cabvi n i c ä & y kñ ú g menani v arNsU R tTI 4 teTA ?

[63] bTza yeta yeta :ndl´ KY r hamci t þ c ak:b ß bu N ü . :n»za eTvtaenH mankareXI j y¨ a genHza Garmμ N ¾ N amY y EdlCaelaki y ¾ ßEdlCaelaku t þ r ; edayRbkarepSg> manGarmμ N ¾ EdlCaku s lCaedI m bu K < l Kb|I h amci t þ KW mi n Kb|I o Garmμ N ¾ e naH ekI t eLI g dU e cñ H . Jküza s sBV e ta EkCa esa sBV e ta ERbza bu K < l enaHÇÇÇ cakGarmμ N ¾ T aM g BY g . TI e naH RBHmanRBHPaKRTg´ R ti H ri H za eTvtaenH rEmgeJlJküEdlCaGni y üani k ; ‘Jkümi n naM s tV ecjcakTu k ¡ ’ Zmμ t aza ci t þ CaPav;EdlKY r hamk* m an KY r ceRmI n k* m an tzaKtnw g Eckesckþ I e naH sEmþ g dl´ e K dU e cñ H eTI b Rtas´ R BHKaza TI 2 za ?

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-163- Gdæ k fa sti v KÁ menani v arNsU R t TI 4 n sBV e ta mena ni v arey mena yeta

yttþ m aKtM yeta

c

:bkM

teta teta mena ni v arey bu K < l mi n KY r hamXat´ c i t þ s BV G enø I ni g ci t þ E dldl´ nU v esckþ I s RgÜ m eT lu H Etci t þ G aRkk´ e kI t eLI g kñ ú g kal Na> eTI b RtÚ v bu K < l hamXat´ c i t þ k ñ ú g kalenaH . bNþ a JküTaM g enaH JküEdlRBHmanRBHPaKRtas´ z a mena yttþ m aKtM :ndl´ mi n Kb|I h amci t þ e dayRbkarTaM g BY g KW z a Zm( GV I > EdleJlehI y mi n KY r hamXat´ c i t þ T aM g Gs´ eRJHza Zm( E dl Caehtu o ci t þ m kkan´ e sckþ I s RgÜ m y¨ a gNa EdlekI t eLI g edayn& y za eyI g nw g oTan nw g rkSasI l EdlCaehtu n aM m knU v esckþ I s RgÜ m ci t þ C aedI m enH bu K < l mi n Kb|I h am eRBaHza RbkarenH Caesckþ I k BU n Caesckþ I c eRmI n edayBi t . Jküza yeta yeta c :bkM :ndl´ Gku s l rEmgekI t BI Z m( N a > bu K < l Kb|I h amXat´ c i t þ G M B I Z m( e naH >

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-164- sartßb,kasinI Gdækfa sMyutþnikay sKafvKÁÁ dU e cñ H Ég .

cb;Gdækfa menanivarNsURtTI 4 3

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-165- Gdæ k fa sti v KÁ Grhnþ s U R t TI 5 G dð k za Grhnþ s U R tTI 5 Kb|I R Cabvi n i c ä & y kñ ú g Grhnþ s U R tTI 5 teTA ?

[65] bTza ktavI ERbza manki c © e ZV I e RscehI y KW manki c © EdlmK< 4 eZV I e hI y . bTza GhM vTami esckþ I z a eTvtaEdlenA kñ ú g éRBeRsagenH sþ a b´ e vaharrbs´ B Y k Pi k ¡ ú e nAéRBni y ayKñ a za eyI g qan´ G ahar eyI g Gg< ú y :Rtrbs´ e yI g cI v rrbs´ e yI g CaedI m eTI b Ki t za eyI g sm< a l´ z a Pi k ¡ ú T aM g enHCaRBHxI N aRsB k* b u ¨ E nþ k ñ ú g Jkü Caevaha manesckþ I s m< a l´ z a Camnu s S CastV sPaBEbbenHrbs´ RBHxI N aRsBTaM g Lay man ßmi n maeThñ @ dU e cñ H edI m |I n w g RCabkar RbRBw t þ e TAenaH eTI b :nRkabTU l sY r ehI y y¨ a genH . RBHmanRBHPaK Rtas´ t bza Pi k ¡ ú N a CaGñ k qá a yGM B I k i e ls manki c © e ZV I e RscehI y manGasv;Gs´ e hI y CaGñ k RTRTg´ n U v ragkay Edlmankñ ú g Cati C aTI bM pu t Pi k¡ ú e naH Kb|I eJlza eyI gni yaydUe cñ HxøH buK< l déT> niyay

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-166- sartßb,kasinI Gdækfa sMyutþnikay sKafvKÁÁ cM e JHeyI gdUe cñ Hxø H Pi k¡ ú enaHCaGñ kqø at RCabJküniyaykñúgelak Kb|I eJltamsmμ t i E dlni y ayKñ a .

[66] bTza smBa¦ M ERbza Jküni y ay CaPasakñ ú g elak Caevaharkñ ú gelak . bTza kus ela ERbza qøat KW qøatkñú gZm( man xnÆC aedIm . bTza evaharmetþn ERbza eJltamsmμ tiEdlni yay Kñ a :ndl´ kalmi n eZV I ‘mi n lHbg´ ’ JküEdlGaRs& y kareXI j Ca mnu s S CastV e hI y mi n naM J küEdlni y ayoepSgKñ a eTI b smKY r nw g eJlza eyI g rbs´ e yI g dU e cñ H Bi t Nas´ kaleKeJlza xnÆ TaMgLayrEmgbriePaK xnÆTaMgLayrEmgGg<úy :Rtrbs´xnÆTaMgLay cI vrrbs´x nÆT aMgLay dU e cñH esckþIepSgKñaénJküni yayman EtGñ k Na> k* RCabmin :n eRJHdUe cñaH RBHxINaRsBeTIbmi n niyay dU e cñ aH rEmgni y ayeTAtamevaharkñ ú g elakn@ u H Ég .

[67] lM d ab´ e naH eTvtaeTI b Ki t za ebI P i k ¡ ú e nHmi n ni y ayeday Ti d ð i k*RtÚ vniy ayedayGM NacénmanH eTI bTU lsY reT[tza eya ehati CaedI m ERbza Pi k¡ ú NaCaRBHGrhnþ mankic© e ZVI e RscehIy manGasv;

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-167- Gdæ k fa sti v KÁ Grhnþ s U R t TI 5 Gs´ e hI y CaGñ k RTRTg´ n U v ragkayEdlmankñ ú g Cati C aTI b M p u t Pi k ¡ ú e naH GaRs& y manHßhñ @ eTI b eJlza eyI g ni y aydU e cñ H Gñ k xø H Gñ k déT> ni y aycM e JHeyI g dU e cñ H xø H . bNþ a bTTaM g enaH bTza GaRs& y manHßhñ @ :ndl´ Pi k ¡ ú e naH GaRs& y nU v manH Kb|I e JledayGM N acénmanHßhñ @ .

[68] lM d ab´ e naH RBHmanRBHPaK RTg´ R BHtRmi H za eTvtaenH rEmgeZV I R BHxI N aRsBdU c bu K < l manmanH dU e cñ H kalnw g RTg´ s Emþ g za manHsU m |I T aM g 9 y¨ a g RBHxI N aRsBlH:nGs´ e hI y eTI b Rtas´ RBHKazatbza ki e lsCaeRK}gcgTaM g Lay mi n mandl´ P i k ¡ ú E dllH manHecjehI y manH ni g Knæ ; TaM g BY g EdlPi k ¡ ú e naHkm© a t´ e cjehI y Pi k¡ ú CaGñ kmanbJ¦alÁknøgbg´ e hIy nUv esckþIsm<al´xøÜn Pik¡ú enaHKb|I eJlza eyI g ni y aydU e cñ H xø H bu K < l TaM g LaydéTni y aycM e JHeyI g dU e cñ HxøH Pi k¡ úenaHCaGñ kqø at RCabJküniyaykñúgelak Kb|IeJltam karsmμ t i E dlni y ayKñ a . bNþ a bTTaM g enaH bTza vi Z U b I t a ERbza km© a t´ e cjehI y .

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-168- sartßb,kasinI Gdækfa sMyutþnikay sKafvKÁÁ bTza manKnæ s S ERbza manH ni g Knæ H ÇÇÇ EdlPi k ¡ ú e naH . Jküza smBa¦ M sM e dAdl´ Jküni y ayEdlsm< a l´ z aCaxø Ü n . GZi b|ayza RBHxI N aRsBenaHCaGñ k RKbsg, t ´ : nehI y KW Qanknø g ehI y nU v esckþ I s m< a l´ z axø Ü n edaytNØ a Ti d ð i ni g manH . Jkü d* e ss manesckþ I g ayTaM g enaHÉg .

cb;Gdækfa Grhnþs URtTI 5 3

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-169- Gdæ k fa sti v KÁ beC¢ a tsU R t TI 6 G dð k za beC¢ a tsU R tTI 6 Kb|I R Cabvi n i c ä & y kñ ú g beC¢ a tsU R tTI 6 teTA ?

[69] bTza bu d ð M EkCa bu c ä i t M ERbza edI m |I n w g TU l sY r . bTza kzM Caenmu EkCa kzM Caenyüam ERbza x\ ú M R BHGg< n w g RCab dU c emþ c . RBHmanRBHPaKRtas´tbza BnøW T aMgLaykñú gelakman 4 y¨ag minmanTI 5 . RBHGaTitüPøWkñúgeBlézá RBHcnÞPøWkñúgeBlyb´ mYyeT[t ePø I g rEmgru g er]gkñ ú g eBlézá ni g eBlyb´ R Kb´ R Ka ‘Et’ RBHsmμ a sm¬ ú T Æ RbesI r CagBnø W T aM g Lay enHCaBnø W R besI r bM p u t .

[70] bTza Ti v artþ w ERbza kñ ú g eBlézá ni g eBlyb´ . bTza ttæ t tæ ERbza RKb´ R Ka KW Pø W k ñ ú g TI e naH> Ég . bTza Ésa GaPa ERbza Bnø W r bs´ R BHBu T Æ . sY r za Bnø W r bs´ R BHBu T Æ dU c emþ c . eqø I y za Bnø W s U m |I T aM g BY g enH KW Bnø W KW Qank* e day Bnø W KW bI t i k *

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-170- sartßb,kasinI Gdækfa sMyutþnikay sKafvKÁÁ eday Bnø W KW bsaT;k* e day Bnø W KW Zmμ k zak* e day cU r elI k Tu k cu H Bnø W EdlekI t eLI g eRJHkarR:kdénRBHBu T Æ T aM g Lay eQμ a Hza Bnø W énRBHBu T Æ Bnø W e nHb¨ u e NÑ a H ru g er]gRbesI r bM p u t CagBnø W T aM g Gs´ mi n man Bnø W d éTeRb{bpÞ w m :n dU e cñ H Ég .

cb;Gdækfa beC¢a tsURtTI 6 3

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-171- Gdæ k fa sti v KÁ srsU R t TI 7 G dð k za srsU R tTI 7 Kb|I R Cabvi n i c ä & y kñ ú g srsU R tTI 7 teTA ?

[71] bTza ku e ta sra ni v tþ n þ i :ndl´ karGenÞ a leTAkñ ú g sgSarenH rEmgRbRBw t þ e TAmi n :nkñ ú g TI N a . GZi b |ayza eTvta TU l sY r za sgSarTaM g LayGaRs& y GV I eTI b mi n RbRBw t þ e TA dU e cñ H . RBHmanRBHPaKRtas´ t bza dI Tw k ePø I g xül´ mi n taM g enAkñ ú g TI N a sgSarTaM g Lay

RbRBw t þ e TAmi n :nkñ ú g TI e naH

vdþ ; vi l eTAmi n :nkñ ú g

TI n @ u H Edr namkþ I rU b kþ I rEmgrlt´ G s´ k ñ ú g TI n u @ H Edr . bTza n KaZti ERbza mi n taM g enA . bTza Geta ERbza kñ ú g TI N a KW kñ ú g RBHni B V a n . Jküd* e ssgayTaM g Gs´ e naHÉg .

cb;Gdækfa srsURtTI 7 3

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-172- sartßb,kasinI Gdækfa sMyutþnikay sKafvKÁÁ G dð k za mhTÆ n sU R tTI 8 Kb|I R Cabvi n i c ä & y kñ ú g mhTÆ n sU R tTI 8 teTA ?

[73] bu K < l eQμ a Hza manRTBüeRcI n eRJHGtæ z a RTBürbs´ eKCasar;

manEkvmu k þ a CaedI m

maneRcI n

.

bu K < l manePaK;eRcI n

‘sm|tþ i e RcI n ’ eRJHGtæ z a eKmanmhaePaK; EdlCaPaCn;eZV I e day mas ni g R:k´ C aedI m eRcI n . bTza GBa¦ m Ba¦ a Pi K i C Änþ i ERbza rEmg RtÚ v karrbs´ d éT>

KW

rEmgR:zñ a

rEmg#süarbs´ d éT>

.

bTza

Gnlg, t a ERbza mi n ecHlμ m KW mi n ecHEqÁ t ekI t esckþ I R :zñ a mi n man TI b M p u t

.

bTza

ósSú k , C aetsu

ERbza

manesckþ I x V l ´ x V a y

KW

BüayamedIm|IRtÚvkarvtæúEdleBjcitþTaMgLay manrUbCaedIm Edlmin Tan´ e kI t eLI g oekI t eLI g kñ ú g bNþ a vtæ ú E dleBjci t þ Edlmanlk¡ N ; epSg> edI m |I R tÚ v karesayvtæ ú E dlekI t eLI g enaH . bTza Pvesatanu s ari s u ERbza GENþ t eTAtamRkEsénPB

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-173- Gdæ k fa sti v KÁ mhT§ n sU R t TI 8 :ndl´ rsat´ e TAtamRkEsénvdþ ; . bTza Gnu s Sú k a ERbza mi n manesckþ I x Vl ´ x V a y :ndl´ eRJHmi n man ‘kielsCaeRK}g’ eb[teb[n . lM d ab´ e naH RBHmanRBHPaKRtas´ z a bu K < l TaM g LaylHbg´ pÞ H lHbg´ b u R t lHbg´ b su s tV C aTI R sLaj´

bY s ehI y km© a t´ r aK;

eTas; ni g Gvi C ¢ a ecj CaGñ k manGasv;Gs´ e hI y CaGñ k qá a ycak ki e ls bu K < l TaM g enaH CaGñ k mi n xV l ´ x V a ykñ ú g elak . bTza GKarM ERbza pÞ H :ndl´ pÞ H RBmTaM g matu R Kam . bTza vi r aCi y a ERbza km© a t´ e hI y :ndl´ Tmø a yehI y . Jküd* e ssgayTaM g enaHÉg .

cb;Gdækfa mhT§nsURtTI 8 3

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-174- sartßb,kasinI Gdækfa sMyutþnikay sKafvKÁÁ G dð k za ctu c k, s U R tTI 9 Kb|I R Cabvi n i c ä & y kñ ú g ctu c k, s U R tTI 9 teTA ?

[75] bTza ctu c k, M ERbza ck, man 4 :ndl´ «ri y abz 4 eRJHkñ ú g TI e nH«ri y abz elakehAza ck, . bTza nvTV a rM ERbza TV a r 9 :ndl´ TV a r 9 Edlmanmat´ d M e ¶ 9 kEnø g . bTza bu N Ñ M ERbza manGsu c i e BjehI y KW eBjeTAedayrbs´ m i n sÁ a t . bT za

elaePn

sM y u t þ M

ERbza

RbkbedayelaP;

KW z a

sm|yu t þ

edaytNØ a . bTza kzM yaRta Pvi s Sti enH eTvtaTU l sY r za karecjcak ‘GM B I T u k ¡ ’ srI r ;enH EbbenH nw g man:ny¨ a gNa KW z a karrY c pu t

karrY c pu t edayCu M v i j

karQanknø g y¨ a glÁ

nw g man:n

y¨ a gNa dU e cñ H . RBHmanRBHPaKRtas´ t bza ?

[76]

eqtV a

nTÆ w

vrtþ B a©

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-175- Gdæ k fa sti v KÁ ctu c ká s U R t TI 9 «cä a elaPBa©

:bkM

smU l M tNØ M GBV ú y Ø ÉvM yaRta Pvi s Sti buK <lRtÚvkat´n Uv kUn kMRBapg RB&R t esckþIR :zñ a ni g elaP;d* l amkpg

ehI y dktNØ a orelI g TaM g #s

RtÚ v yaRtatamlM G anenHÉg . bTza nTÆ w :ndl´ karcgesckþ I e RkaZ GZi b |ayza esckþ I eRkaZmanTaM g mu n TaM g eRkay esckþ I e RkaZ mankmø a M g RbRBw t þ e TAehI y y¨ a genH eTI b eQμ a Hza karcgesckþ I e RkaZ . bTza vrtþ M ERbza RB& R t ‘ki e lsCaeRK}grY b rw t ’ :ndl´ RtÚ v kat´ n U v kU n kM R Bapg RB& R t pg . eQμ a HkarCab´ C M J k´ K ñ a éntNØ a ni g Ti d ð i elakeJlTu k kñ ú g Kaza

M

za snÆ a nM shnu k , m Etkñú gTIenH ev[rElgEtkielsEdlelakGZib|ayTu k kñ ú g RBH:lI e hI y ki e lsd* e ss Kb|I R Cabza CaeRK}grY b rw t eRJHdU e cñ a H eTI b Rtas´ z a kat´ n U v RB& R t KW ki e lsCaeRK}grY b rw t dU e cñ H . bTza «cä a elaPM enH RBHmanRBHPaKRtas´ T u k za Zm( E tmY y

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-176- sartßb,kasinI Gdækfa sMyutþnikay sKafvKÁÁ enHÉg eQμ a Hza elaP; eRJHGtæ z a R:zñ a eRJHGtæ z a esckþ I c g´ :n ni g esckþ I R tÚ v kar . mü¨ a geT[t esckþ I c g´ : nmankmø a M g exSay ekI t eLI g RKadM b U g esckþ I e laPmankmø a M g ekI t eLI g kñ ú g evlat> mk . mü¨ ageT[t esckþ IR:zñakñ úg vtæúE dlxøÜn min Tan´: n eQμ aHza esckþIcg´ :n esckþ IeRtkGrkñ úg vtæ úE dlxøÜn :nehIy eQμaHza esckþI elaP . bTza smU l M tNØ M :ndl´ tNØ a EdlmanmU l edaymanGvi C ¢ a Ca mUl . bTza GBÖúyØ :ndl´ EdlmK<dkeLIgehIy . Jküd*ess gayTaM g enaHÉg .

cb;Gdækfa ctuckás URtTI 9 3

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-177- Gdæ k fa sti v KÁ ÉNi C gÇsU R t TI 10 G dð k za ÉNi C g¹sU R tTI 10 Kb|I R Cabvi n i c ä & y kñ ú g ÉNi C g¹sU R tTI 10 teTA ?

[77] bTza ÉNi C g¹M ERbza manRBHCg¹ ‘sμ g ’ mU l er[v esμ I dU c sμ g Rmw K RTay . bTza kI s M :ndl´ manRBHsrI r ;esμ I mi n Zat´ . mü¨ ageT[t GZib|ayza manRBHtc; ‘Es|k’ mi nsáÜt KW man RBHsrI r ;lÁ edaymi n :c´ m ankø i n p, a eQI ni g eRK}glabTaM g Lay . bTza vI r M ERbza manesckþ I B üayam . bTza Gb|aharM :ndl´ manGaharti c eRJHCaGñ k s< a l´ RbmaNkñ ú gkaresayRBHRkyahar . mü¨a geT[t eQμ aHza manGahar ti c eRJHmi n :nesaykñ ú g evlavi k al . bTza Gelalu b |M ERbza minmanesckþIelaP :ndl´ RTg´R:scakesckþIR:zñakñúgbc©&y 4 . mü¨ a geT[t karmi n manesckþ I e laPenH KW mi n Cab´ e dayrstNØ a . bTza sI h M e vkcrM naKM :ndl´ dU c CaraCsI h ¾ ni g dM r I d * R besI r Rtac´

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-178- sartßb,kasinI Gdækfa sMyutþnikay sKafvKÁÁ eTAEtÉg . eRJHza bu K < l enACaBY k rEmgCaGñ k RbmaT Gñ k Rtac´ e TA EtÉg rEmgCaGñ kminRbmaT . eRJHdU e cñaH PaBCaGñ kminRbmaT elak eTI b kan´ y kza CaGñ k Rtac´ e TAEtmñ a k´ É g n@ u H Ég .

[78] RBHmanRBHPaKRtas´ t bza ? bBa© kamKu N a elaek

menaqdð a bevTi t a

Étæ

ÉvM

qnÞ M

vi r aCi t V a

Tu k ¡ a

bmu c © t i

kamKu N 5 manci t þ C aTI 6 bNÐ i t RbkasehI y kñ ú g elak bu K < l km© a t´ e sckþ I e Bjci t þ k ñ ú g namrU b enH :n ehI y k* p u t BI T u k ¡ : n dU e cñ H . bTza bevTi t a ERbza RbkasehI y KW R:b´ e hI y . bTza Étæ

ERbza

kñ ú g namrU b enH

.

Bi t Nas´

rU b

elakkan´ y keday

GM N acénkamKu N 5 cM E Nk nam elakkan´ y kci t þ . k* É bNÐ i t Kb|I k an´ y knam ni g rU b TaM g BI r edaymi n epSgGM B I K ñ a ehI y Kb|I R bkb esckþ I k ñ ú g nam ni g rU b enH edayGM N acénZm( manxnÆ 5 CaedI m cu H .

cb;Gdækfa ÉNiCgÇsURt TI 10

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-179- Gdæ k fa sti v KÁ ÉNi C gÇsU R t TI 10

cb;Gdækfa stivKÁ TI 3 EdlrYmman 10 Gdækfa 1- Gdæk fasti 3- Gdæk faCda 5- Gdæk faGrhnþ 7- Gdæk fasr 9- Gdæk factuk á

2- Gdæk fapus ti 4- Gdæk famenanIv arN 6- Gdæk fabeC¢a t 8- Gdæk famhT§n 10- GdækfaÉNiC Ç

rås

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-180- sartßb,kasinI Gdækfa sMyutþnikay sKafvKÁÁ stuløb|kayik vK< TI 4 G dð k za sBÖ i s U R tTI 1 Kb|I R Cabvi n i c ä & y kñ ú g sBÖ i s U R tTI 1 énstu l ø b |kayi k vK< T I 4 teTA ?

[79] bTza stu l ø b |kayi k a manvi e RKaHza eTvtaTaM g Lay EdleQμ a Hza stu l ø b |kayi k a eRJHelI k tem, I g edayGM N acénkar smaTanZm( r bs´ s b|ú r s ehI y ekI t eLI g kñ ú g sY K ( . kñ ú g esckþ I e naH maner]gdU c teTAenH er]gGñ k sresI r Zm( r bs´ s b|ú r s :n»za CncMnYneRcInrYmKñaeZVICMnYjtampøÚvsmuRT eRbIsMeBAeTA kan´ s mu R T . kalsM e BAénCnTaM g enaHeTAedayrh& s dU c kU n Zñ Ú Edl bu K< l :j´ eTAehIy kñ úgézáTI 7 eTIb ekIt mhnþ raykñú gkNþalsmuRT

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-181- Gdæ k fa stu l ø b ,kayi k vKÁ sBÖ i s U R t TI 1 KW rlkZM t aM g eLI g ehI y k* j ú a M g sM e BAoeBjeTAedayTw k . kal sM e BAkM B u g nw g li c cu H mhaCneTI b nw k dl´ e Qμ a HeTvtarbs´ x ø Ü n er[g> xø Ü n ehI y eZV I k i c © m ankarGgV r ni g TY j yM C aedI m . kñ ú g bNþ a énCnTaM g enaH bu r smñ a k´ n w k za eyI g RtÚ v RbsBV P & y d* s ahavEbbenHedayBi t eTI bnw kdl´Zm(rbs´ x ø Ün eXIj nUvsrN;TaM gLay nigsIlTaM gLay brisuTÆiehIy eTIbGg<úyceRmInsmaZidUcRBHeyaKI . BYkCnTaMgLay eTI b sY r Kat´ d l´ e htu E dlmi n xø a cenaH . bu r sGñ k CabNÐ i t enaH eTI b eJlza mñ alGñ kd* ceRmI n TaMgLay EmnehI y eyIgmi n xøacP& yEbb enH eRJHeyI g :nzV a yTandl´ B Y k Pi k ¡ ú k ñ ú g ézá E dleLI g TU k eyI g :n TTY l srN;TaM g Lay ni g sI l TaM g Lay edayehtu e naH eyI g eTI b mi n xø a c dU e cñ H . CnTaM g enaHeTI b eJlza bBi R tnay k* s rN; ni g sI l TaM g enH smKY r dl´ B Y k CndéTxø H ßeT . bNÐ i t enaHeqø I y za Emn ehIy Zm(TaMgenH rEmgsmKYrsUm|Id l´B Ykelak . CnTaMg enaH eTIb eJlza ebI d U e cñ a H sU m elakbNÐ i t cU r odl´ B Y k eyI g xø H . CnCa bNÐ i t enaH eTI b cat´ e ZV I B Y k mnu s STaM g enaH oCamY y BY k > mY y rynak´

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-182- sartßb,kasinI Gdækfa sMyutþnikay sKafvKÁÁ rY m Ca 7 BY k . tBI e naHk* o sI l 5 . kñ ú g bNþ a CnTaM g 7 BY k enaH CncM n Y n 100 nak´ BY k dM b U g taM g enAkñ ú g Tw k RbmaNRtw m kÇeCI g eTI b :nTTY l sI l . BY k TI 2 taM g enAkñ ú g Tw k RbmaNRtw m Cg< g ´ Ç ÇÇ BY k TI 3 taM g enAkñ ú g Tw k RbmaNRtw m ceg, H ÇÇÇ BY k TI 4 taM g enAkñ ú g Tw k RbmaN Rtw m p© i t ÇÇÇ CnBY k TI 5 taM g enAkñ ú g Tw k RbmaNRtw m edaHÇÇÇ BY k TI 6 taM g enAkñ ú g Tw k RbmaNRtw m ÇkÇÇÇ BY k TI 7 Tw k smu R TkM B u g hU r cU l mat´ eTI b :nTTY l sI l 5 . CnCabNÐ i t enaH lu H osI l 5 dl´ C nTaM g enaHehI y eTI b RbkasnU v sM e Lgxø a M g > za vtæ ú d éTCaTI B w g cM e JHBY k eyI g mi n man BY k elakcU r rkSasI l b¨ u e NÑ a H dU e cñ H . CnTaM g 700 enaH eZV I k al;kñ ú g smu R TenaH ehI y eTAekI t kñ ú g PBtavtþ w g S eRJHGaRs& y sI l Edlxø Ü n TTY l ykkñ ú g evlaCi t sø a b´ . vi m anTaM g Layrbs´ e TvtaTaM g enaH k* e kI t eLI g CaBY k > CamY y Kñ a . vi m anmasrbs´ G acarümanRbmaN 100 eyaCn¾ ekI t Rtg´ k Nþ a l énvi m anTaM g Gs´ . eTvtad* e ss Cabri v arrbs´ e TvtaEdlCaGacarü

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-183- Gdæ k fa stu l ø b ,kayi k vKÁ sBÖ i s U R t TI 1 enaH

vi m anEdlTabCagvi m anTaM g Gs´ e naH

k* e nAmankm¬ s ´ R bmaN

dl´ 12 eyaCn¾ . eTvtaTaMgenaH :nBicarNaplkmμkñúgxN;Edl xø Ü n ekI t ehI y :nRCabdl´ k ar:nsm|tþ i e naH eRJHGaRs& y Gacarü eTI b eJleLI g za BY k eyI g nw g eTA BY k eyI g nw g eJlsresI r Ku N én Gacarürbs´BYkeyIgkñúgsmñak´énRBHTsBl dUecñH ehIycUleTAKal´ RBHmanRBHPaKkñ ú g evlacenø a HmCÄi m yam .

[80] kñ ú g bNþ a eTvtaTaM g enaH eTvta 6 Gg< :neJlKaza mY y Gg< m Y y Kaza edI m |I B N( n aKu N Gacarürbs´ x ø Ü n edayJküza ? sBÖ i e rv smaesz sBÖ i ku e BV z snæ v M stM sTÆ m μ m Ba¦ a y eseyüa ehati n :bieya . buK <l KY rGg< úyrYm CamYynwgBYksb|úrsbue NÑaH KYreZVI esckþ Is ñ i T Æ s ñ a ledayBY k sb|ú r s eRBaHdw g c|as´ n U v RBHsTÆ m μ r bs´ B Y k sb|ú r s rEmg:nCabu K < l RbesI r

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-184- sartßb,kasinI Gdækfa sMyutþnikay sKafvKÁÁ mi n GaRkk´ e LI y . bNþ a bTTaM g enaH

bTza

sBÖ i

ERbza

BY k bNÐ i t

KW

BY k

sb|ú r s . r GkSreZV I n aTI s nÆ i . bTza smaesz ERbza KY r Gg< ú y rY m k* Jküza smaesz enH CaRbZanéneTsnab¨u e NÑ aH . GZib|ay za Kb|I s eRmc«ri y abzTaM g BY g rY m nw g sb|ú r sTaM g LayEtmü¨ a g . bTza ku e BV z ERbza KY r eZV I . bTza snæ v M ERbza esckþ I s ñ i T Æ s ñ a l :ndl´ esckþ I s ñ i T Æ s ñ a ledayemRtI Etesckþ I s ñ i T Æ s ñ a ledaytNØ a EdlGñ kNa> mi n KY reZV I . RbkarenH RBHmanRBHPaKRtas´s MedAyk Jküza buK<lKb|IeZVIesckþIsñiTÆsñalemRtInwgRBHsmμasm¬úTÆ RBHbec©kBu T Æ ni g RBHsavkTaM g Lay dU e cñ H . bTza stM ERbza rbs´ B Y k sb|ú r s . bTza sTÆ m μ M :ndl´ RBHsTÆ m μ e pSg> mansI l 5 sI l 10 ni g sti b |dð a n 4 CaedI m . Etkñ ú g sU R tenH elakR:zñ a yksI l 5 . bTza eseyüaehati ERbza manEtKu N d* R besI r KW manEtesckþ I c eRmI n . bTza n :bi e ya :ndl´ esckþ I l amkGV I > rEmgmi n man .

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-185- Gdæ k fa stu l ø b ,kayi k vKÁ sBÖ i s U R t TI 1 [81] lMdab´enaH eTvtadéTeT[t:neJlKazaenH kñúgsmñak´ RBHmanRBHPaKza ? buK<l KYrGg<úyrYmnwgBYksb|úrs .l. rEmg:nbJ¦a mi n Emn:nbJ¦ a GM B I b u K < l déT ‘CnJl’ eT dU e cñ H . bTza naBa¦ e ta ERbza mi n Emn:nGM B I b u K < l déTeT KW eQμ a H za bJ¦a EdlbuK<lminEmn:nGMBIbuK<lJl dUceRbgláCaedIm Edl bu K < l mi n Kb|I : nBI d M u R KÜ s ßxSac´ C aedI m . k* b u K < l RCabc|as´ n U v Zm( rbs´ sb|ú rsTaM gLayehIy esBKb´CamY ybNÐi tb¨u eNÑa H

eTIb:n

dU c eRbgTaM g Lay maneRbglá C aedI m Edlbu K < l rEmg:nGM B I R Kab´ lá C aedI m .

[82] lMdab´enaHÉg eTvtadéTeT[t:neJlKazaenH kñúgsmñak´ RBHmanRBHPaKza ? buK<lKYrGg<úyrYmnwgBYksb|úrs .l. rEmgminesak esAkñ ú g kNþ a lBY k CnGñ k esakesAeLI y . bTza esakmeCÄ GZi b|ayza buK<l EdleTAehIykñú gkNþal

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-186- sartßb,kasinI Gdækfa sMyutþnikay sKafvKÁÁ éner]gEdlCaTI t aM g énesckþ I e sakesA ßza eTAehI y kñ ú g kNþ a lén stV T aM g LayEdlmanesckþ I e sakesA dU c ó:si k a ‘mlø i k a’ rbs´ BnÆ ú l esnabtI ni g dU c sg, i c © s ameNr EdlCasTÆ i v i h ari k rbs´ R BHZmμe snabtI CaGñ keTARtg´ kNþalénecar 500 rEmgminesakesA .

[83] lM d ab´ e naHÉg eTvtadéTeT[t:neJlKazaenH kñ ú g smñ a k´ R BHmanRBHPaKza ? bu K < l KY r Gg< ú y rY m nw g BY k sb|ú r s .l. rEmgru g er]g kñ ú g kNþ a lénjati dU e cñ H . bTza jati m eCÄ vi e racti ERbza rEmgru g er]gkñ ú g kNþ a lén BY k jati KW z a rEmgRbesI r dU c sameNr eQμ a Hza GZi m u t þ k ; Edl CasTÆ i v i h ari k rbs´ R BHsgi , c © e tæ r ; . er]gGZim ut þksameNr :n»za sameNrenaH CakμÜyrbs´R BHsg,ic©e tær; . kñ ú g kal enaH RBHezr;eJlnw g sameNrza sameNr Gñ k ZM e hI y Gñ k cU r eTA sYrdl´ Gayu rbs´ Gñ k ehI ycU rmk eyIgnw góbsm|Tao dUe cñH sam-

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-187- Gdæ k fa stu l ø b ,kayi k vKÁ sBÖ i s U R t TI 1 eNrTTYlJküza kruNaelakm© as´ zV aybg<MRBHezr;ehIy kan´ :Rt ni g cI v reTARsú k bÁ Ú n RsI EdltaM g enACi t éRBEdlCaTI G aRs& y enArbs´ BY k ecar ehI y k* R tac´ e TAbi N Ð : t . bÁ Ú n RsI e XI j elak eTI b ni m nþ o eTAKg´ k ñ ú g pÞ H kalqan´ P tþ a hareRscehI y . sameNreZV I k i c © v tþ r Y c eTI b sY r dl´ G ayu r bs´ x ø Ü n . nageqø I y za x\ ú M m © a s´ m i n RCabeT Em¨ e TI b RCab . sameNreJlza nagcU renATIenH Gatμanw geTArkejam ehI y k* cU leTAkan´ é RB . BY kecar eXIjsameNrBIcmáa y eTIbbJ¢Ú nsJ¦ a dl´ K ñ I K ñ a . BY k ecarosJ¦ a NedayJküza :n»za sameNrmY y Gg< : ncUlmkkan´ é RB BY kGñ kcU reTAnaMsameNrenaHmk dU ecñH . ecar BY kxø HeJlza eyIgnw gsmø ab´ BY kxø HeJlza eyIgnw gElg . sUm|I sameNrk* K i t za eyI g CaRBHesk¡ ; manki c © E dlKY r eZV I d l´ x ø Ü n eyI g Rbw k Sanw g BY k ecarTaM g enHehI y nw g eZV I e sckþ I s Y s þ I eTI b ehAemecarmk eJlza mñ a lGñ k manGayu Gatμ a nw g eZV I e sckþ I ó bma ‘kareRb{beZ[b’ dl´ e lak dU e cñ H ehI y :neJlKazaTaM g enHza ? kñ ú g GtI t kald* y U r GEgVg manéRBd*Z Mm Yy xø adMbgmYy

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-188- sartßb,kasinI Gdækfa sMyutþnikay sKafvKÁÁ Rtac´s Þa k´c MN ItampøÚv ekag kñúgkalenaH va:nsmø a b´ cm|k;ehIy RmwK nig stVT aMg LayeXIjcm|k;søab´ ehIy k*P &yxøac naMK ñaeKcec[seTAkñúgevlaraRtI eTIb mi n ekI t RbeyaCn¾ d l´ v a y¨ a gNamu i j elaksmø a b´ smN;eQμaH GZim ut þk; CaGñkminmankielsCaeRK}g kgV l ´ k* d U c Kñ a enaHÉg CnTaM g LayGñ k eZV I d M e NI r nw g min mk BYkelakk*n wgdac´R TBü smN;eQμaHza GZimu t þ k ; CaGñ k mi n manki e lseRK}gkgV l ´ eBalJkü Bi tR:kd CnTaMgLayGñkeZVId Me NIrnwgmin mk esckþI sabsU n üénRTBünw g man . emecareJlza ebI e lakeXI j Gñ k eZV I d M e NI r mkehI y nw g mi n R:b´ d l´ Gñ k Na> bBi R telakd* c eRmI n kalelakrkSasc© ; enH:n k* c U r eTAtamsb|aycu H . sareNrenaH EdlBY k ecarTaM g enaHedaHElgehI y eTAehI y

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-189- Gdæ k fa stu l ø b ,kayi k vKÁ sBÖ i s U R t TI 1 sU m |I e XI j jati T aM g Lay k* m i n :nR:b´ TI e naHkaljati r bs´ s ameNrenaHmkdl´ BY k ecark* n aM K ñ a cab´ ehI y eZV I T aru N kmμ BY k ecar:n eJlnw g matarbs´ s ameNr EdlnagkM B u g xU c ci t þ TY j yM z a ? GZim ut þ k; nwgsYrnagza GZim ut þk; «LÚvenHmanGayu b¨unμan En@nag x\úMsYrehIysUmR:b´ BYkeyIgnwgdwg :n y¨ a gNa . matarbs´ G Zi m u t þ k ;eJlnw g BY k ecarza ? eyI g enHÉg Camatarbs´ G Zi m u t þ k ; Gñ k enHÉgCabi t a enHCabÁ Ú n RsI enHCabgbÁ Ú n Rbú s CnTaM g Gs´ k ñ ú g TI e nH Cajatirbs´GZim ut þ k ; . GZim ut þk; manRbRktIe ZVIk ic © Edlmi n smKY r eLI y eXI j jati N amkehI y k* m in ham RbkarenHCavtþbdibtþirbs´smN;TaMgLayEdl CaRBHGriy; Gñ k manZm( e sμ I e dayCI v i t ßhñ @ . nayecareJlza ? GZi m u t þ k ;manRbRktI eBalJküBi t eXI j jati N a

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-190- sartßb,kasinI Gdækfa sMyutþnikay sKafvKÁÁ ehI y k* m i n ham eRJHkarRbRBwt þesckþIl Árbs´GZimu t þ k ; CaPi k ¡ ú G ñ k manRbRktI e BalJküBi t . CnTaM g Gs´Cajatirbs´GZim ut þk;rYc putP&y ehIy sUm Rbkb edayesckþ I s u x cu H . jati T aM genaH EdlecarTaMgLayedaHElgorY cxøÜ n ehIy eday Gakary¨ a genH eTAehI y eJlnw g GZi m u t þ k ;za ? :! CnTaM gGs´ rY cpu tP&y ehIy :nesckþIs uxehIy eRJHkar RbRBw tþ l Á rbs´elakCaPik¡ ú E dleJlvacastü; . BY kecarTaMg 500 RCHzø a ehI y eTI b sU m bY s kñ ú g smñ a k´ r bs´ sameNreQμ a H GZi m u t þ k ; . sameNreTI b naM s i s STaM g enaHeTAkan´ smñ a k´ R BHóbCÄay¾ ehI y xø Ü n k* ó bsm|Tamu n xageRkaymk eTI b eZV I karóbsm|TaoGenþ v asi k rbs´ x ø Ü n manRbmaNTaM g 500 enaH . Genþ v asi k TaM g Gs´ enaH

taM genAkñúg OvaTrbs´GZimutþ ketær;

k* s eRmc

RBHGrhtþ m anpld* R besI r dU e cñ H . eTvta

kan´ y kesckþ I e nHehI y

RkabTU l RBHmanRBHPaKza

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-191- Gdæ k fa stu l ø b ,kayi k vKÁ sBÖ i s U R t TI 1 stM sTÆ m μ m Ba¦ a y jati m eCÄ vi e racti ERbza bu K < l dw g RBHsTÆ m μ rbs´ B Y k sb|ú r sehI y rEmgru g er]gkñ ú g kNþ a lénjati dU e cñ H . kñúglMdab´enaHÉg eTvtadéTeT[t :neJlKazaenH kñúgsmñak´ RBHmanRBHPaKza bu K < l KY r Gg< ú y rY m nw g BY k sb|ú r s .l. rEmgtaM g enACasu x er]y> . Jküza sattM enH ERbza er]y> KW eTvtarEmgeJlza CnTaMgLayrEmgtaMgenACasuxer]y> ßza manesckþIsuxd*yWnyUr . lM d ab´ e naHÉg

eTvtadéTeT[t:neJlKazaenH

kñ ú g smñ a k´

RBHmanRBHPaKza bBiRtRBHmanRBHPaK Jkürbs´GñkNahñ@ CasuPasi t . RBHmanRBHPaKRtas´ z a Jkürbs´ B Y k Gñ k TaM g Gs´ C asu P asi t edaybri y ay k* b u ¨ E nþ B Y k Gñ k cU r sþ a b´ J kürbs´ t zaKtvi j za ?

[86] buK<lKYrGg<úyrYmnwgBYksb|úrs KYreZVIesckþIsñiTÆsñal nw g BY k sb|ú r s bu K < l RCabc|as´ n U v RBHsTÆ m μ r bs´ B Y k sb|ú r sehI y rEmgpu t cakTu k ¡ T aM g BY g .

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-192- sartßb,kasinI Gdækfa sMyutþnikay sKafvKÁÁ bTza sBV a sM eva ERbza rbs´ B Y k Gñ k TaM g Gs´ . bTza bri y aeyn :ndl´ edayehtu . bTza sBV T u k ¡ a bmu c © t i ERbza rEmgputcakTuk¡TaMgBYg GZib|ayza minEmnmanehtu KW KuNd*RbesIr Etmü¨ a gb¨ u e NÑ a H rEmgmi n :nRtw m EtbBa¦ a mü¨ a g rEmgmi n esakesAkñ ú g kNþ aléner]gCaTItaM g énesckþIe sakEtmü¨ ag rEmgruger]gkñúgkNþal énjati Ç ÇÇ rEmgekI t kñ ú g su K ti Ç ÇÇ mi n EmntaM g enACasu x Gs´ k alyU r Et mü¨ a g k* b u K < l enaHÉg rEmgrY c pu t cakvdþ T u k ¡ T aM g Gs´ dU e cñ H Ég .

cb;Gdækfa sBiÖs URt TI 1 3

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-193- Gdæ k fa stu l ø b ,kayi k vKÁ mcä r i s U R t TI 2 G dð k za mcä r i s U R tTI 2 Kb|I R Cabvi n i c ä & y kñ ú g mcä r i s U R tTI 2 teTA ?

[88] bTza mecä r a c bmkTa c ERbza eRJHesckþ I k M N aj´ ni g esckþ I R bmaT :ndl´ eRJHesckþ I k M N aj´ Edlmankarbi T :M g dl´ s m|tþ i r bs´ x ø Ü n Tu k Calk¡ N ; ni g eRJHesckþ I R bmaT Edlman karenAR:scaksti Calk¡ N ; . Bi t Nas´ bu K < l xø H Ki t za kal eyI g ovtæ ú e nH vtæ ú e nHk* n w g Gs´ e TA vtæ ú r bs´ e yI g ßvtæ ú E dlCarbs´ manenAkñ ú g pÞ H k* n w g mi n man dU e cñ H eQμ a Hza mi n oTan eRJHesckþ I kM N aj´ . bu K < l xø H sU m |I R tw m Etjú a M g ci t þ o ekI t eLI g za eyI g KY r o Tan dU e cñ H k* m i n man eRJHxø Ü n CaGñ k xV l ´ x V a ykñ ú g karelgCaedI m enH eQμ a Hza mi n oTan eRJHesckþ I R bmaT . bTza ÉvM TanM n TI y ti ERbza ehtu e nH bu K < l eTI b oTan mi n :n GZi b |ayza Zmμ t aza TanenH EdlCaehtu n aM m konU v ys

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-194- sartßb,kasinI Gdækfa sMyutþnikay sKafvKÁÁ onU v si r I onU v sm|tþ i sU m |I y ¨ a genH bu K < l k* o mi n :n eRJHdU e cñaH elakeTIbeJldl´ehtuénkarmino eRJHesckþIkMNaj´CaedIm . bT za bu B a¦ M Gakg¡ m aenn ERbza bu K < l EdlR:zñ a bu N ü KW Gñ k R:zñ a buNüEdlepSgedayectna manbuBVectnaCaedIm . kñúgJküza eTyüM ehati vi C ¢ a nta ERbza dw g c|as´ e hI y eTI b oTanenaH eTvtaeJlza bu K < l dw g c|as´ z a plrbs´ T anman dU e cñ H eTI b oTan .

[89] lM d ab´ e naH eTvtadéTeT[t:neJlKazaTaM g Laykñ ú g smñ a k´ R BHmanRBHPaKza ? mnus SkMNaj´

P&ycMe BaHehtuN a

ehIyminoTan

ehtuenaHÉg CaP&yrbs´G ñkmino buK <l kMNaj´xøac cM e BaHehtu N a eRBaHesckþ I X ø a n ni g eRsk ehtu e naH Ég EtgBal´ RtÚv buK <lBalkñúg elakenH nigelakmux eRBaHehtu e naH saZu C nKY r km© a t´ b g´ n U v esckþ I k M N aj´ CaGñ k RKbsg, t ´ n U v mnÞ i l ehI y RtÚ v oTan ‘eRBaHza’ bu N üTaM g Lay CaTI B w g rbs´ s tV k ñ ú g elakxagmu x .

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-195- Gdæ k fa stu l ø b ,kayi k vKÁ mcä r i s U R t TI 2 bTza temv BlM pus ti GZib|ayza esckþIXø an nigesckþI eRsk rEmgBal´ R tÚ v KW rEmgCab´ t am rEmgmi n lHbg´ b u K < l Jl enaHÉg TaM g kñ ú g elakenH ni g elakmu x . bTza tsμa :ndl´ k*eRJHesckþIeRsk nigXøan rEmgBal´RtÚvdl´buK<lJlenH n@uHÉg . bTza vi e nyü mecä r M ERbza bu K < l KY r km© a t´ e sckþ I k M N aj´ :ndl´ naM e sckþ I k M N aj´ E dlCamnÞ i l ecj . bTza TC¢ a TanM mlaPi P U GZib|ayza buK<lEdlkm©at´mnÞil luHkm©at´mnÞil KW esckþIkMNaj´ enaH:nehI y eTI b oTan:n .

[90] kñ ú g lM d ab´ e naHÉg eTvtadéTeT[t :neJlKazaTaM g Laykñ ú g smñ a k´ R BHmanRBHPaKza ? CnBY k Na kalrbs´ m anti c k* E bgEcko dU c BY k edI r pøÚvqáay EbgEckrbs´odl´BYkGñkeZVIdMeNIrrYmKña Cn TaMg enaH kalbu K <l BYk déTsøab´e hIy eQμaHza rEmg min søab´ Zm(enHCaZm( rbs´bNÐitmanmkBIb uraN Cn mY y BY k

kalrbs´ m anti c k* E bgEcko

CnmY y BY k

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-196- sartßb,kasinI Gdækfa sMyutþnikay sKafvKÁÁ sU m |I r bs´ m aneRcI n k* m i n o Tk¡ i N aTan EdleKEbg EckGM B I R TBüti c ehI y o rEmgmanplesμ I K ñ a nw g Tan rab´ B an´ . bTza et metsu n mi y ünþ i esckþ I z a bu K < l TaM g enaH kal bu K < l déTsø a b´ e hI y eQμ a Hza rEmgmi n sø a b´ eRJHesckþ I s ø a b´ KW CaGñ k manRbRktI m i n oTan dU c bu K < l Edlsø a b´ e hI y kalbu K < l déT naM v tæ ú T aM g Lay man:y ni g Tw k CaedI m sU m |I e RcI n mkdak´ t eRm{bKñ a ehIy R:b´ za vtæ ú e nHcU rCarbs´GñkenH vtæú e nHcUrCarbs´Gñ kenH dUe cñH bu K < l Edlsø a b´ e hI y enaH

k* m i n GaceRkakeLI g mkTTY l karEckcay

:n y¨ a gNa sU m |I b u K < l Edlmi n oTank* d U c Kñ a eRJHdU e cñ a H ePaK; TaM g Layrbs´ G ñ k sø a b´ e hI y ni g rbs´ G ñ k manRbRktI m i n oTan eTI b eQμ a Hza esμ I > Kñ a edayehtu e naHÉg bu K < l EdlmanRbRktI o Tan kalCnTaM g LayEbbenHsø a b´ e hI y eQμ a Hza rEmgmi n sø a b´ . bTza GTÆ a nM v shavC¢ M Gb|sw μ ey bevcä n þ i GZi b |ayza mnu s STaM g LayGñ k edI r pø Ú v knþ a rrY m Kñ a kales|{gmanti c bu K < l Edl

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-197- Gdæ k fa stu l ø b ,kayi k vKÁ mcä r i s U R t TI 2 eZV I d M eNI rrYmKñ ak* EbgEck KW rEmgoTann@uHÉgdl´buK<l EdleZVIdMe NI r rY m Kñ a

y¨ a gNa

RbkarenHk* d U e cñ a HÉg

bu K < l BY k NaeZV I d M e NI r rY m Kñ a

eTAkan´ p ø Ú v knþ a r KW sgSarEdlmanxagedI m ni g xagcu g Edlbu K < l dw g mi n :n

kalvtæ ú E dlKb|I o sU m |I m anti c

k* E bgEckrbs´ o dl´ C n

TaM g enaH kalCndéTsø a b´ e hI y eTI b eQμ a Hza rEmgmi n sø a b´ . bT za És Zemμa snnþe na GZi b|ayza Zm(enHCarbs´bu raN mü¨ ageT[t Zm( e nHCarbs´ b NÐ i t CM n an´ c as´ . bTza Gb|esμ e k ERbza bu K < l BY k mY y kalrbs´ m anti c . bTza bevcä n þ i EkCa TTnþ i ERbza rEmgo . bTza Bhu e nek n Ti c ä e r ERbza CnBY k mY y manrbs´ e RcI n k* m i n o KW z a CnBY k xø H sU m |I manePaK;eRcI n Nas´ k* r Emgmi n o . bTza shesSn smM mi t a ERbza rab´ e sμ I e dayJn´ KW rEmgmanplesμ I K ñ a nw g Tanrab´ J n´ .

[91] kñ ú g lM d ab´ e naHÉg eTvtadéTeT[t :neJlKazaTaM g Laykñ ú g smñ a k´ R BHmanRBHPaKza ? Tan BYkCnJlkalo o:nedaylM:k kuslZm(

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-198- sartßb,kasinI Gdækfa sMyutþnikay sKafvKÁÁ BY kCnJlkaleZV I eZVI: nedaylM: k BYkGsb|ú rs rEmgeZV I t ammi n :n ‘eRBaH’ Zm( r bs´ s b|ú r s Edl BY k Gsb|ú r sRbRBw t þ t am:nedaylM : k eRJHehtu enaH kareTAGMBIelakenHrbs´BYksb|úrs nigBYkGsb|úrs eTIbepSgKña BYkGsb|úrsrEmgeTAkan´nrk BYk sb|ú r srEmgeTAkan´ s Y K ( . bTza Tu r nV e ya ERbza RbRBw t þ t am:nlM : k KW cU l dl´ : n edaylM : k GZi b |ayza oeBj:nlM : k . kñ ú glM dab´enaHÉg eTvtadéTeT[t :nRkabTU l cMe JHRBHmanRBHPaKza bBi R tRBHmanRBHPaK Jkürbs´ G ñ k Nahñ @

Casu P asi t

dU e cñ H .

[92] RBHmanRBHPaKRtas´ z a Jkürbs´ B Y k Gñ k TaM g Gs´ Ca su P asi t edaybri y ay k* b u ¨ E nþ B Y k Gñ k cU r sþ a b´ J kürbs´ t zaKtvi j za CnNa ci B a© w m Pri y apg kalebI R TBümanti c enAEto Tan:npg RbRBw t þ Z m( : npg

RbRBw t þ n U v esckþ I x V l ´

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-199- Gdæ k fa stu l ø b ,kayi k vKÁ mcä r i s U R t TI 2 xV a y ‘kñ ú g kargarpg’ BY k CnEdlmankarbU C arab´ B an´ dl´ b u K < l mY y Esnnak´ enAEtmi n dl´ m Y y cM N i t rbs´ bu K < l y¨ a genaH . bTza Zmμ M cer :ndl´ rEmgRbRBw t þ Z m( KW ku s lkmμ b z 10 . bTza eyabi smu B a¢ k M cer ERbza bu K < l Na rEmgRbRBw t þ sÁ a t :ndl´ RbRBw t þ s Á a tedayGM N acénkarCRmHesckþ I G aRkk´ R Kb´ y¨ a g taM g GM B I e dI m eTA ni g edayGM N acénkarjaM j I ú dU c CakarbBa¢ a n´ RsÚ v CaedI m . bTza TarM c e:sM EkCa TarM c e:esenþ a ERbza ci J © w m rkSaPri y a . bTza TTM Gb|ksw μ ERbza kalrbs´ m anti c k* o :n :ndl´ bu K < l NasU m |I m anRtw m Etsø w k eQI ni g bEnø C aedI m manti c k*eZV I karEbgEcko:nn@u HÉg buK< l enaHeQμ aHza rEmgRbRBwtþ Zm( . bTza stshsSanM ERbza kalbu rsmY y Esnnak´ KW bu rs EdlelakEbgEckecjCaBYk mY yJn´ > rab´:nCary eTI beQμ aHza bu r smY y Esn .

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-200- sartßb,kasinI Gdækfa sMyutþnikay sKafvKÁÁ bTza shsSyaKi n M ERbza karbU C arab´ J n´ manvi e RKaHza eQμ a Hza karbU C amY y Jn´ eRJHGtæ z a karbU C aPi k ¡ ú m Y y Jn´ G g< ßza karbU C aEdlekI t BI k arbri c © a KRTBümY y Jn´ k habN; . karbU C amY y Jn´ e naH mandl´ P i k ¡ ú e naH ehtu e naH Pi k ¡ ú e naH eTI b eQμ a Hza mankar bU C amY y Jn´ . edaybTza karbU C arab´ J n´ d l´ b u K < l mY y Esnnak´ CakarsEmþ g dl´biNÐ:t 10 ekadi1 . ßza 10 ekadiénkhabN; Rtas´za buK<lBYkNarEmgorbs´manRbmaNb¨ueNÑH bu K < l TaM g enaH

enAEtmi n dl´ m Y y cM N i t énbu K < l enaH

:n . bu K < l Na sU m |I k alRbRBw t þ Z m( rEmgRbRBw t þ sÁ at ciJ © wmrkSaPriya sUm|Irbs´mantick*o:n kar bUCarab´J n´e naH rEmgmin dl´m YycMN it énbuK <l Edl RbRBw t þ Z m( e naH .

1- Jküza 10 ekadi e nH sM e dAykcM E NkEdloplmY y Jn´ ehI y Ku N nw g bu r s mY y Esn’ .

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-201- Gdæ k fa stu l ø b ,kayi k vKÁ mcä r i s U R t TI 2 mü¨ a geT[t TanNaRtw m Etrbs´ b u K < l Ci t di t Kñ a Rtw m Etmñ a k´ k þ I Rtw m EtCaslakPtþ k þ I Edlbu K < l RklM : koehI y TanTaM g Layén bu K< l TaM genaHsU m|I T aM gGs´ TanTaMgGs´ e nH sMe dAykTanEdlbuK<l mankarbU C arab´ B an´ d l´ b u K < l mY y Esnnak´

rEmgmi n dl´ m Y y cM N i t

rbs´ T anEdlbu K < l RklM : k ‘CaGñ k RbRBw t þ Z m( ’ oehI y . eQμ a Hza klM ERbza cM E NkmY y enaH EbgEckecjCa 16 cM E Nkxø H

Ca

100

cM E Nkxø H

Ca

1Ç000

cM E Nkxø H

kñ ú g TI e nH

RBHmanRBHPaK RTg´kan´ykcMENkénryRtas´za TanNa EdlbuK<l RklM :kenaHoehI y eRJHTanenaH elakEckehIyCarycMENk kar obiNÐ:tedayrYmTaMg 10 ekadi rbs´buK<lenH k*mindl´mYycMNit énTan Edlbu K < l RklM : kenaHoehI y .

[93] kalRBHtzaKt RTg´ e ZV I n U v TanEdlrktémø m i n :ny¨ a g enHehI y eTvtaGñ k Edlkñ ú g TI C i t eTI b Ki t za RBHmanRBHPaK jú a M g mhaTany¨ agenH oRbRBw tþ eTAedayKazamY y:T dUcykrtn;vtæúT aM g rye:HcUleTAkñ ú gnrk sU m|I eRcIny¨ agenH enAEtmanRbmaNticy¨ag

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-202- sartßb,kasinI Gdækfa sMyutþnikay sKafvKÁÁ enH dU c RbharmNÐ l énRBHcnÞ eTI b eJlKazaza ? y&B a¦e naH manpld*T UlayeRcInEdr enAEtmin dl´T an EdlbuK<loehIyedayZm(d*esμI etIedayehtudUcemþc bu K < l bU C arab´ B an´ dl´ b u K < l mY y Ban´ n ak´ e naH enAEt mi n dl´ m Y y cM N i t rbs´ b u K < l y¨ a genaH etI d U c emþ c . bNþ a bTTaM g enaH bTza ekn ERbza eRJHehtu G V I . bTza mhK<eta ERbza ZM s em|I m enHCaJküevvcn;rbs´Jküza TU l ay . BIrbTza semn Tin ñs S ERbza énTanEdlbuK<loedaykarRbRBwtþ .

[94] lMdab´enaHRBHmanRBHPaK kalRTg´nwgEckTan sEmþg dl´ e TvtaenaH eTI b Rtas´ z a TTnþ i

ehek

vi s em

ni v i d ð a

XtV a vZi t V a Gz esacyi t V a sa Tk¡iNa GsSúm ux a sTNÐa semn Ti n ñ s S n GKÇem . bu K < l BY k mY y :nsæ i t enAs) b ´ k ñ ú g Zm( m i n esμ I vayeK

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-203- Gdæ k fa stu l ø b ,kayi k vKÁ mcä r i s U R t TI 2 smøab´eK eZVIoeKesakesAehIyoTan TanenaHeQμaH za manmu x EdleCakedayTw k EPñ k CaTanRbkbeday GaC\ a eTIbmin dl´témøé nTanEdlbuK <l oehIy eday Zm( d * e sμ I . bNþ a bTTaM g enaH bTza vi s em ni v i d ð M ERbza :nsæ i t enAs) b ´ kñ ú g Zm( m i n esμ I :ndl´ taM g maM k ñ ú g kaykmμ vcI k mμ ni g menakmμ Edl rkesckþ I s á b ´ m i n :n . bTza XtV a enH EkCa e:eztV a ERbza vayehI y . bTza vZi t V a ERbza smø a b´ e hI y KW eZV I o sø a b´ . bTza GsSú m u x a ERbza manmu x eCakedayTw k EPñ k Bi t ehI y Tan EdleZV I o Gñ k déTERskyM ehI y o RBHmanRBHPaKRtas´ z a Tanman mu x eCakedayTw k EPñ k

.

bTza

sTNÐ a

ERbza

RbRBw t þ e TAeday

GaC\ a . RBHmanRBHPaKRtas´za Tk¡i N aEdlbuK< l KMramGñkdéTehI y RbharehI y eTI b o ehAza Tk¡ i N aRbRBw t þ e TAedayGaC\ a . RBHd* m anRBHPaK

kalnw g RTg´ s Emþ g esckþ I e nH

y¨ a genHza

tzaKtmi n Gackan´ y kmhaTanehI y oeQμ a Hza manplti c ßTan

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-204- sartßb,kasinI Gdækfa sMyutþnikay sKafvKÁÁ Edlti c oeQμ a Hza manpleRcI n eRJHRBHsmμ a sm¬ ú T Æ k* b u ¨ E nþ m haTanenH eQμ a Hza manplti c y¨ a genH eRJHPaBmi n bri s u T Æ i e kI t eLI g dl´ x ø Ü n Tanti c enH eQμ a Hza manpleRcI n y¨ a genH eRJHPaBbri s u T Æ i ekI t eLI g dl´ x ø Ü n dU e cñ H eTI b Rtas´ Jküza edayn&yy¨agenH BY k Cn EdlmankarbU C arab´ B an´ dl´ b u K < l mY y Esn nak´ enAEtmindl´mYycMNitrbs´buK<ly¨agenaH:n .

cb;Gdækfa mcäris URt TI 2 3

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-205- Gdæ k fa stu l ø b ,kayi k vKÁ saFu s U R t TI 3 G dð k za saZu s U R tTI 3 Kb|I R Cabvi n i c ä & y kñ ú g saZu s U R tTI 3 teTA ?

[98] bTza óTanM óTaensi EkCa óTaharM óTahari :ndl´ niyayelIkxøÜnmkGag . dUcCa buK<lrEmgminGacnwgkan´ykRbmaN eRbgEdltic:n eRJHRCÜ tRCabeTA elakehAeRbgenaHza CacMENk Edlsl´ B i e ss bu K < l Nami n Gackan´ y ksmu R TEdlmanTw k eRcI n y¨ a gNa eRJHhU r Cn´ l i c eTA elakehATw k enaHza OX; y¨ a gNa hTy;Na rEmgmi n Gacnw g etag ‘hamXat´ ’ JküEdlekI t GM B I b I t i Tu k :n eRJHCaJküEdlmankmøaMgéRkElg Gt´RTaM e nAxagkñú gmin :n rEmgecjmkxageRkA elakeTIbehAJküenaHza óTan dUecñaHEdr eTvta enaHbnø W ó Tan kan´ y knU v JküEdlekI t GM B I b I t i E bbenH . kñ ú g lM d ab´ enaHÉg eTvtadéTeT[t :nbnø W ó Tankñ ú g smñ a k´ R BHmanRBHPaKza Tan CakarRbéBNas´ kalEdlmanR:k´ t i c enAEto

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-206- sartßb,kasinI Gdækfa sMyutþnikay sKafvKÁÁ :n CakarRbéB mYyeT[t karoedaysTÆa CakarRbéB BY k Gñ k R:C\ e Balza Tan ni g cm|aM g mankmø a M g esμ I K ñ a BY k sb|ú r ssU m |I m anKñ a ti c

rEmgQñ H BY k Gsb|ú r s

EdlmanKñ a eRcI n :n kalebI b u K < l NaeC] ‘kmμ p l’ ehIyoTansUm|ItictYc buK<lenaHrEmg:nesckþIsux kñ ú g elakxagmu x eRBaHEtTanenaHÉg . bTza sTÆ a ybi sahu TanM ERbza TanEdloedaysTÆ a Ca karRbéB :ndl´ TanEdlbu K < l eC]kmμ ni g plrbs´ k mμ e hI y o CakarRbéB KW Cakmμ E dlceRmI n dl´ x ø Ü n :n . bTza Ghu EkCa keznþ i ERbza rEmgeJl . sY r za ehtu G V I Tan ni g cm|aM g TaM g BI r enaH eTI b eQμ a Hza esμ I K ñ a . eqø I y za eRJHza bu K < l Edlxø a ckñ ú g CI v i t rEmgmi n Gacnw g c|aM g bu K < l Edlxø a ckarGs´ k* r Emgmi n Gacnw g oTan . BitNas´ kalbuK<leJlza x\úMnwgrkSaCIvitpg c|aMgpg dUecñH rEmgminc|aMg EtbuK<llHbg´esckþIGal&ykñúgCIvit ehIyjúaMgósSah¾

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-207- Gdæ k fa stu l ø b ,kayi k vKÁ saFu s U R t TI 3 oekI t eLI g za sU m |I e yI g RtÚ v dac´ G vyv; ßsø a b´ k * e day eyI g nw g RtÚ v dl´ P aB«tsar;enaH dU e cñ H rEmgc|aM g . bu K < l kaleJlza eyI g nw g rkSaePaK;TaM g Laypg ni g oTanpg dU e cñ H eQμ a Hza rEmgmi n o Tan Etbu K<l lHbg´esckþI Gal&ykñú gePaK;TaM gLay nigmanósSah¾ za eyI gnwgomhaTan dU e cñ H eQμa Hza rEmgoTan . Tan nigcm|aM g rEmgesμ I K ñ a sU m |I e dayGakary¨ a genH . JküGV I > Edlnw g Kb|I e Jl oéRkElgCagenH rEmgmi n man . bTza Gb|abi snþ a Bhu e k Ci n M ERbza BY k sb|ú r ssU m |I m an Kñ a ti c rEmgQñ H BY k Gsb|ú r sEdlmanKñ a eRcI n :n GZi b |ayza BY k vI rburssU m|ImanKñ ati c k* Gacc|aM gQñHBYkGñ kmanesckþIP&yxø acEdl manKñ a eRcI n :n y¨ a gNa bu K < l Edldl´ R BmedaysTÆ a k* d U e cñ a H . kalRTBümanti c ehI y o rEmgjaM j I ú e sckþ I k M N aj´ : neRcI n TaMgjúaMgplrbs´Tan:neRcIn . Tan nigcm|aMg eTIbesμIKñasUm|Ieday Gakary¨ a genH . edayehtu e nHÉg eTvtaeTI b eJlza ebI b u K < l man sTÆ a rEmgovtæ ú s U m |I t i c :n dU e cñ H . k* e dI m |I R bkasesckþ I e nHza

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-208- sartßb,kasinI Gdækfa sMyutþnikay sKafvKÁÁ eRJHdUe cñ aHÉg TaykenaH rEmgCaGñ kmanesckþIs ux kñú gelakxagmu x dU e cñ H Kb|I j ú a M g er]gÉksadkRBahμ N ¾ o Bi s þ a r . bTza Zmμ l TÆ s S ERbza Gñ k manZm( E dl:nehI y :ndl´ bu K < l EdlmanePaK; :n ehIyedayZm( E dlsá b´ ni gbuK< l EdlmanZm(: nehI y . kñú gesckþI enH bu K < l manZm( E dlseRmcehI y CaRBHGri y bu K < l eQμ a Hza Gñ k manZm( E dl:nehI y . eRJHdU e cñ a H TanEdlbu K < l manePaK;:n ehI y edayZm(

rEmgodl´ R BHGri y bu K < l manZm( : nehI y

elak

eJlza sU m |I R bkarenaH k* C akarlÁ . esckþ I k ñ ú g bTKazaza bu K < l Na rEmgoTandl´ GñkmanZm(E dl:nehIy sU m|IenH k* mann& yenH Ég . bTza ódðanvIr iyaZiK tsS :ndl´ GñkmanePaK;EdlseRmc ehI y edayesckþ I t s) U B u H Bar ni g esckþ I B üayam . bTza evtrNI ‘eQμ a HnrkmY y reNþ A EdlmanTenø ’ enHCaRbZanéneTsnab¨ u e NÑ a H . GZib|ayza k*buK<lenaH QanknøgeTA:nedayRbkarTaMgBYg KW reNþA nrkrbs´esþcym; eQμ a Hza evtrNIxø H namhanrk 31 mansBa¢Ivnrk ni g kaLsu t þ n rkCaedI m xø H .

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-209- Gdæ k fa stu l ø b ,kayi k vKÁ saFu s U R t TI 3 [100] kñ ú g lM d ab´ e naHÉg eTvtadéTeT[t :nbnø W ó Tankñ ú g smñ a k´ R BHmanRBHPaKza bBi RtRBHGg<G ñkniT (uk ¡ .l. orbs´E dl:nmkeday Zm( CakarRbéB b¨ u E nþ k arBi c arNaehI y o eTI b Cakar RbéBBi t eRBaHTanEdlbu K < l Bi c arNaehI y o RBHsu K tRTg´ s resI r . bTza vi e cyü TanM ERbza TanEdlbu K < l Bi c arNaehI y o . kñ ú g esckþ I e nH :ndl´ TanEdlbu K < l Bi c arNaehI y oenaH man 2 y¨ a g KW Bi c arNaTk¡ i N a ‘rbs´ s Rmab´ e ZV I b u N ü’ 1 ç Bi c arNaRBHTk¡ i e Nyübu K < l ‘bu K < l EdlKY r TTY l rbs´ e ZV I b u N ü’ 1 . kñ ú g BI r y¨ a genaH karnaM b c© & y TaM g LayEdlGaRkk´ e cj ehI y eRCI s erI s ykrbs´ E dlRbNI t > zV a ydl´ R BHTk¡ i e Nyübu K < l TaM g enaHeQμ a Hza karBi c arNaTk¡ i N a . karev[rbu K < l TaM g LayeRkAGM B I sasnaenH EdlmansI l vi b tþ i e hI y ni g bu K < l Edlmi n Rbkbeday Knø g Zm( ehI y zV a yTandl´ b BV C i t kñ ú g RBHsasna Gñ k dl´ R Bmeday

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-210- sartßb,kasinI Gdækfa sMyutþnikay sKafvKÁÁ sI l aTi K u N eQμ a Hza karBi c arNaTk¡ i e Nyübu K < l . edayGakar TaM g BI r y¨ a genH eQμ a Hza Tan Edlbu K < l Bi c arNaehI y o . bTza su K tb|sdð M ERbza RBHsu K tRTg´ s resI r ehI y . k* e TvtaeJldl´ karBicarNaTk¡ iNa ‘rbs´ e ZVIbuNü’ edayJküza BICani vut þani yza enH ERbza dU c BU C EdlsabeRJHehI y GZi b |ayza eTyüZm( KW vtæ ú e ZV I b u N üEdlRbNI t > dU c karBi c arNaBU C EdlsabeRJHehI y . bTza :eNsu b i saZu sM y ema ERbza esckþ I s RgÜ m kñ ú g stV T aM g LayCakarRbéB KW z a manesckþ I s RgÜ m kñ ú g stV T aM g Lay k* rEmgCakmμ E dlceRmI n .

[101] eTvtaenH kalnw g Qanknø g Gani s gSrbs´ T an Edl BY k eTvtadéTeJlehI y edI m |I e Jldl´ G ani s gSénsI l eTI b epþ I m Jküza eya :NPU t ani GehfyM crM brU b vaTa

n

kerati

:bM

PI r u M bsM s nþ i n hi ttæ sU r M

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-211- Gdæ k fa stu l ø b ,kayi k vKÁ saFu s U R t TI 3 Pya hi senþ a n keranþ i :bM . buK <lNa RbRBwt þx øÜnCaGñkmineb[teb[nstVT aMgLay min eZV I: b eRJHxøacesckþIt i Hed[lGMB IG ñk déT bNÐit TaMgLayrEmgsresI r dl´ b u K < l Edlxø a c:b Etmi n sresI r bu K < l Edlekø { vkø a kñ ú g kareZV I : benaH sb|ú r s TaM g Lay rEmgmi n eZV I : b eRJHesckþ I x ø a c:b . Jküza GehzyM crM EkCa Gvi h w s enþ a crmaena ERbza CaGñkmi nRbRBw tþ eb[teb[n . bTza brUb vaTa ERbza eRJHxøacesckþI ti H ed[lGM B I b u K < l déT . bTza Pya :ndl´ óbvaTP& y ‘P& y KW esckþ I t i H ed[l’ .

[103] bTza Tana c exa Zmμ b TM v eseyüa ERbza bTén Zm( b ¨ u e NÑ a H RbesI r CagTan KW z a bTénZm( eJlKW RBHni B V a nn@ u H Ég RbesI r CagTan . bTza bu e BV v hi bu B V t erv senþ a ERbza eRJHza sb|ú r s TaM g Laykñ ú g kalmu n kþ I kalmu n eTAeT[tkþ I GZi b |ayza kñ ú g kalmu n

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-212- sartßb,kasinI Gdækfa sMyutþnikay sKafvKÁÁ KW kalénRBHBu T Æ R BHnamza ksSb;CaedI m ni g kñ ú g kalmu n eTAeT[t KW kñ ú g kalénRBHBu T Æ R BHnamza ekanaKmn;CaedI m kþ I bNÐ i t TaM g enaH sU m|I T aMgGs´ eQμ aHza Casb|ú rskñú gkalmu n ßkñú gkalmu neTAeT[t enaHÉg dU e cñ H Ég .

cb;Gdækfa saFus URt TI 3 3

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-213- Gdæ k fa stu l ø b ,kayi k vKÁ nsnþ i s U R t TI 4 G dð k za nsni þ s U R tTI 4 Kb|I R Cabvi n i c ä & y kñ ú g nsnþ i s U R tTI 4 teTA ?

[105] bTza kmnI y ani ERbza Garmμ N ¾ C aTI t aM g énesckþ I R:zñ a :ndl´ Garmμ N ¾ E dlKY r R:zñ a manrU b CaedI m . bTza Gbu naKmnM GnaKnþ % a bu r i e sa mc© ú e ZyüM :ndl´ mi n mkdl´ R BHni B V a n eJlKW CaTIminRtLb´mkeT[t EtGnÞak´énmc©ú eJlKW vdþ;EdlRbRBwtþ eTAkñ ú g PU m i 3 Bi t Nas´ bu K < l EdlseRmcRBHni B V a nehI y rEmgmi n RtLb´ mkeT[t dUe cñaH elakeTIbehAniB VanenaHza GbunaKmn; ERbza CaTI m i n RtLb´ m keT[t . GZi b |ayza bu K < l EdlCab´ C M J k´ e hI y Ca Gñ k RbmaTehI y kñ ú g kamTaM g Lay eQμ a Hza rEmgmi n mk KW mi n Gac seRmcRBHni B V anenaH eRJHehtue naH elakeTIbeJly¨agenH . bT za qnÞ C M ERbza ekI t BI q nÞ ; GZi b |ayza ekI t eRJHtNØ a qnÞ ; . bTza GXM ERbza Tu k ¡ KW bJ© k ¡ n Æ bTTI 2 ‘Tu k ¡ ’ Caevvcn;

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-214- sartßb,kasinI Gdækfa sMyutþnikay sKafvKÁÁ énbJ© k ¡ n Æ e naHÉg . bTza qnÞ v i n ya GXvi n eya ERbza eRJHkm© a t´ qnÞ ; ecj eTI b km© a t´ b J© k ¡ n Æ : n GZi b |ayza eRJHkm© a t´ t NØ a :n eTI b km© a t´ b J© k ¡ n Æ : n . bTza GXvi n ya Tu k ¡ v i n eya ERbza eRJH km© a t´ b J© k ¡ n Æ : n eTI b km© a t´ T u k ¡ : n GZi b |ayza eRJHkm© a t´ bJ© k¡ n Æ : n vdþ T u k ¡ r EmgCakarEdlxø Ü n km© a t´ : nehI y dU c Kñ a . bTza sg, b |raeKa

ci ® tþ a ni ERbza

ERbza

Garmμ N ¾ E dllÁ T aM g Lay

.

bTza

teRmkEdlsm|yu t þ e dayesckþ I R ti H ri H

kñ ú g TI

enH elakbdi e sZvtæ úT aMg Lay ‘vtæúkam’ ehI yeJlza teRmkEdl sm|yu t þ e dayesckþ I R ti H ri H y¨ a genHza Caki e lskam . esckþ I e nH bNÐ i t Kb|I o Cak´ c |as´ e daybsu r sU R t . Bi t Nas´ kalRBHezr; ‘RBHsarI b u R t’ eJlza esckþ I R ti H ri H ni g teRmk Cakamrbs´ b u r s bsu r bri B V a Ckk* e Jlza Zm( B Y k NamanGarmμ N ¾ l Á Zm( T aM g enaH mi n Emnkam elakeJlza esckþ I R ti H ri H ni g teRmkkñ ú g elakza Cakam Caesckþ I RtiHri H ebI d U e cñ aH sUm|IPik¡úCasisSrbs´elak k*Kb|I briePaK kamkñ ú g Gku s lvi t k, ; dU e cñ H lM d ab´ e naHRBHezr;:n eJlnw g bsu r -

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-215- Gdæ k fa stu l ø b ,kayi k vKÁ nsnþ i s U R t TI 4 bri B V aCkenaHza Rbsin ebI GarmμN¾B YkNalÁ GarmμN¾B Y kenaH mi n Emn kamEmnenaH elakk* m i n RtÚ v eJldl´ e sckþ I R ti H ri H ni g teRmkza Ca kamkñ ú g elak

kalbu K < l eXI j rU b TaM gLay

EdlCaGarmμN¾pøÚ v citþ

sU m|I RBHsasþak*Rtas´za kamePaKI Kb|I mandl´eK dU e cñH kalbuK<l sþ ab´s M eLgTaM gLay hitkøi nRkGUbTaMg Lay Pøk´ r sTaM gLay Bal´ RtÚ v smö & s STaM g Lay EdlCaGarmμ N ¾ p ø Ú v ci t þ sU m |I R BHsasþ a k* R tas´ za kamePaKI Kb|I m andl´ e K dU e cñ H . bTza Geztæ ZI r a ERbza bu K < l EdlmanbJ¦ a TaM g Lay rEmg km© at´ qnÞ ; kñ úgGarmμ N ¾ T aMgLayenaHedayBi t GZib|ayza bNÐi tTaMg Lay rEmgkm© at´ qnÞ raK;kñú gGarmμ N¾ T aM gLayenaHedayBit . bTza sM e yaCnM sBV M :ndl´ seJ¦ a Cn;sU m |I T aM g 10 y¨ a g . bTza Gki B a© n M :ndl´ ev[rcakki e lsCaeRK}gkgV l ´ T aM g Lay manraK; CaedIm . bTza nanubtnþi Tuk¡a ERbza Tuk¡TaMgLay rEmgminZøak´dl´ bu K < l enaH KW z a vdþ T u k ¡ T aM g Lay rEmgmi n Zø a k´ e TAelI b u K < l enaH .

[106] RBHezr;eQμ a Hza emaXraC Gñ k qø a tkñ ú g Gnu s nÆ i sþ a b´

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-216- sartßb,kasinI Gdækfa sMyutþnikay sKafvKÁÁ Kazaza xI N asvPi k ¡ ú l HbJ¦ t þ i e cjehI y dU e cñ H mansti k M N t´ K aza sU m |I T aM g enaHehI y eTI b Ki t za esckþ I é nKazaenH mi n eTAtamGnu s nÆ i dU e cñ H kalnw gbnþGnusnÆ i tamEdlRbRBwtþ e TAy¨ agNa eTI beBalJkü y¨ a genHza Rbsi n ebI B Y k eTvta BY k mnu s Skñ ú g elakenH ßkñ ú g elak déTkþ I mi n :neXI j RBHxI N aRsBenaH CaGñ k ótþ m CagnrCn Gñ k RbRBw t þ R beyaCn¾ e dI m |I B Y k nrCn Gñ k rY c pu t ehI y y¨ a genaH eTvta ni g mnu s SBY k Na rEmgzV a ybg< M R BHxI N aRsBenaH eTvta ni g mnu s STaM g enaH rEmgCaGñ k EdlbNÐ i t Kb|I s resI r . bNþ a bTTaM g enaH bTza «Z va hu r M va ERbza kñ ú g elakenH ßkñ ú g elakdéT . bTza nru t þ m M Gtæ c rM nranM ERbza CaGñ k ótþ m Cag nrCn CaGñkRbRBw tþ RbeyaCn¾ e dIm|InrCnTaMgLayenaH sUm|Ik*B i t Et RBHezr; k* m i n :nsM e dAykRBHxI N aRsBdéT sM e dAykRBHTsBl b¨ u e NÑ a H . bTza eytM nmsSnþ i bsM s i y a et ERbza BY k eTvta ni g BY k mnu s SNa rEmgzV a ybg< M R BHxI N aRsBenaH CaGñ k rY c pu t ehI y y¨agenaH GZib|ayza rEmgzVaybg<MRBHmanRBHPaKRBHGg< enaH eday

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-217- Gdæ k fa stu l ø b ,kayi k vKÁ nsnþ i s U R t TI 4 kay ßedayvaca ßza edaykarbdi b tþ i t amedayBi t BY k eTvta ni g mnu s STaM g enaH Kb|I C aGñ k EdlbNÐ i t KY r sresI r ßeT .

[107] bTza Pik¡ú CaJküEdlRBHmanRBHPaK Rtas´ehARBHemaXraCetær . bTza GBa¦ a y Zmμ M ERbza dw g nU v Zm( KW :ndl´ dw g sc© Z m( T aM g 4 . bTza sg< a tI t a etbi P vnþ i ERbza sU m |I e Tvta ni g mnu s STaM g LayenaHÇÇÇ

rEmgCaGñ k knø g bg´ n U v Zm( C aeRK}gCM J k´

GZi b |ayza eTvta ni g mnu s SBY k Na rEmgzV a ybg< M R BHmanRBHPaK enaH edaykay ßedayvaca ßza edaykarbdi b tþ i t am eTvta ni g mnu s STaM g enaH dw g sc© Z m( 4 ni g vi c i k i c ä a ehI y nU v Zm( C aeRK}gCab´ C M J k´ x ø H

rEmgCaGñ k knø g pu t

rEmgCaGñ k EdlbNÐ i t Kb|I s resI r xø H

dU e cñ H Ég .

cb;Gdækfa nsniþs URt TI 4 3

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-218- sartßb,kasinI Gdækfa sMyutþnikay sKafvKÁÁ G dð k za óCÄansJ¦ I s U R tTI 5 Kb|I R Cabvi n i c ä & y kñ ú g óCÄansJ¦ I s U R tTI 5 teTA ?

[108] bTza óCÄansBa¦ika ERbza CaGñkmanesckþIsm<al´ kñ ú gkareBaleTas GZi b|ayza eTvelak eQμaHza óCÄansJ¦I Edl epSgBI e TvelakdéTenaHmi n man k* b u ¨ E nþ z a eTvtaTaM g enHGaRs& y kar bri e PaKbc© & y 4 rbs´ R BHtzaKt ehI y mkeBaleTas . :n»za eTvtaenaH manesckþ I R ti H ri H y¨ a genHza RBHsmNeKatm Kb|I e Jl lYgelamomanesckþ Is enþas edaybgSúkU lcI v r edaydMu: yEdl rkmk:nedaykarbi N Ð : t edaykarenAesnasn;Kl´ e QI eday zñ a M R taM e dayTw k mU R tsÁ ú y

ni g rEmgeJlsresI r bu K < l Edljú a M g ki c ©

enaHoseRmcdl´ k M B U l EtRBHGg< R TRTg´ c I v rEdlRbNI t mansM B t´ examB®sþsac´ l Á itRbePTlÁCaedI m rEmgesayePaCnd* RbesI r Edl smKY r dl´ R BHraCa rEmgpÞ M e lI R BHbnÞ M d * R besI r kñ ú g RBHKnÆ k u d i EdlKY r

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-219- Gdæ k fa stu l ø b ,kayi k vKÁ ]CÄansBaØ I s U R t TI 5 Cavi m anrbs´ e Tvta rEmgesayePsC¢ ; TaMgLay manTwkedaHzøa Twk edaHxab´CaedIm rEmgsEmþgZm(dl´mhaCnkñúgeBlézá Jkürbs´RBHGg< nw g kareZV I r bs´ R BHGg< RbRBw t þ e TAepSgKñ a y¨ a gdU e cñ H eTvtaenaH eTI b mkRbkaseBaleTasRBHtzaKt edayehtu e naH RBHZmμ s g< a hketæ r TaM g Lay eTI b ehAeQμ a HeTvtaTaM g enaHza óCÄansBa¦ i k a ERbza CaGñ k manesckþ I s m< a l´ k ñ ú g kareBaleTas dU e cñ H .

[109] bTza GBa¦ z a snþ M ERbza manedayGakary¨ a gdéT KW :ndl´ RbRBw t þ e TAedayGakary¨ a gdéT . bTza ni k c© ERbza e:kbeBaä a t :ndl´ kare:kbeJä a tbnø M e Ksu I . bTza ki t vesSv enH eTvtaeJlza dU c RJnbkSI b eBaä a tcab´ b kSI . Bi t Nas´ RJn enaH kalenAkñ ú g TI m i n manKu m ¬ e QI k* c U l eTAsEmþ g dU c lk¡ N ;énKu m ¬ eQIehIybiT:MgxøÜneday Emk nigsøwkeQICaedIm júaMgstVTaMgLay manstV e ká a k ni g stV T TaCaedI m osø a b´ eZV I k arci J © w m Pri y a . bu K < l Edlku h kbi T :M g Gtþ P aBedaysM B t´ b gSú k U l beBaä a tmhaCn eRJH xø Ü n CaGñ k qø a tkñ ú g karni y ay TM J rsu I e hI y Rtac´ e TA karsu I e naH rbs´

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-220- sartßb,kasinI Gdækfa sMyutþnikay sKafvKÁÁ bu K < l enaHdU c lY c TaM g karbri e PaKbc© & y 4 sU m |I T aM g Gs´ k* d U c lY c dU c karsu I s ac´ s tV r bs´ R JnstV CaGñ k beBaä a tstV y ¨ a genH eTvta eJlGM B I k are:kbeBaä a tenH edayRbkardU e cñ H edaysM e dAykRBHmanRBHPaK . bTza briC annþi bNÐi ta ERbza bNÐi tTaMgLay rEmg s< a l´ b u K < l enaH GZi b |ayza bNÐ i t TaM g Lay rEmgdw g za bu K < l enH CaGñ k eZV I ‘KW e ZV I G M e BI N a RtÚ v ni y aycM e BaHGM e BI e naH’ ßmi n eZV I ‘KW m i n eZV I G M e BI N a mi n RtÚ v ni y aycM e BaHGM e BI e naHeT’ dU e cñ H . edayehtu e nH Ég eTvtaTaM g enaHsm< a l´ z a sU m |I R BHtzaKtrbs´ B Y k eyI g n@ u H Ég k* CabNÐ i t eTI b eJlehI y y¨ a genaH .

[110] lM d ab´ e naH RBHmanRBHPaK eTI b Rtas´ J küza ? nyiT M Pasi t metþn

Éknþ s venn

va

sk, a

yayM bdi b Ta TL$ a

yay ZI r a bmu c © n þ i

Qayi e na marBnÆ n a

n ev ZI r a bku B V n þ i

vi T i t V a elakbri y ayM

GBa¦ay niB V út a ZIr a

ti N Ñ a elaka vi s tþ i k M .

Gnu k , m i t ev

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-221- Gdæ k fa stu l ø b ,kayi k vKÁ ]CÄansBaØ I s U R t TI 5 buK<lNa> minGacRbRBwtþrbdibTaenH edayehtuRtwm Etniyay ßRtwmEtsþab´ buK<lEdlmanbJ¦aTaMgLay CaGñ k manQan

rEmgpu t BI e RK}gcgrbs´ m ar eday

bdi b Tad* m aM bu K < l EdlmanbJ¦ a TaM g Lay RCabkar RbRBw t þ e TArbs´ e lakehI y

:ndw g nU v ctu r ari y sc© ;

CaGñ k rlt´ k i e ls qø g nU v tNØ a CaeRK}gCab´ C M J k´ k ñ ú g elakehI y rEmgmi n ni y ay edayBi t . bNþ a bTTaM g enaH bTza yayM bdi b Ta TL$ a GZi b |ayza bdi bTaenH KW karbdi btþ i Zm( s mKYrdl´Zm( BitehI y buK<l TaM gLay manbJ¦ a KW bNÐ i t TaM g LayCaGñ k maM T aM manQanTaM g 2 KW Garmμ N Ubni CÄan ni g lk¡N U bni CÄan rEmgrYcpu tBIeRK}gcgrbs´mar:n edaybdi bTaNa bu K<lmi nGacnwgseRmc KW bdi btþibdi bTaenaHeday Rtw m Etni y ay ßRtw m Etsþ a b´ . bTza n ev ZI r a bku B V n þ i esckþ I z a bu K < l EdlmanbJ¦ a TaM g Lay KW bNÐ i t TaM g Laydw g c|as´ e hI y nU v bri y ayénelak ‘vi Z I k ar

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-222- sartßb,kasinI Gdækfa sMyutþnikay sKafvKÁÁ ni y ayrbs´ s tV e lak’ ni g dw g ehI y nU v karekI t eLI g ni g karvi n aseTA rbs´ s g¡ arelak eRJHdw g sc©Zm( 4 eTI bniB VanehIy edayki e lsni B V an CaGñkqø gtNØ aCaeRK}gCab´CM J k´kñú gelak rEmgmi n eZV I y ¨ a genH GZi b |ayza tzaKtrEmgmi n ni y ayJküEbbenH .

[111] kñúglMdab´enaHÉg . eTvtaTaMgenaHcuHmkQrelIEpndI Rkabcu H Ci t RBH:TTaM g BI r rbs´ R BHmanRBHPaK ehI y :nTU l za Gc© eya ena Penþ G c© K ma CaedI m ERbesckþ I z a bBi R tRBHmanRBHPaKd* ceRmI n eTasrbs´ B Y k x\ ú M R BHGg< : nknø g elμ I s eTAehI y BY k x\ ú M R BHGg< CaJl CaGñ k vegV g ehI y CaGñ k mi n qø a t x\ M ú R BHGg< T aM g Lay:nemI l gayRBHmanRBHPaK bBi R tRBHmanRBHPaKd* c eRmI n sU m RBHmanRBHPaKemtþ a Gt´ e Tasdl´ B Y k x\ ú M R BHGg< edI m |I n w g sRgÜ m kñ ú g kalteTA bT za bfvi y M bti d ð h i t V a ERbza QrelI E pndI GZi b |ayesckþ I z a kmμ EdlminsmKYr EdlBYkx\úMRBHGg<eZVIehIy BYkx\úMRBHGg<eRbIJküniyay ehARBHGg< E dlmi n eZV I k mμ y ¨ a genaH edayvaT;za eZV I ehtu e nHÉg BY k x\ ú M R BHGg< x μ a s TaM g mi n eZV I e sckþ I e KarBkñ ú g RBHmanRBHPaK EdldU c Ca

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-223- Gdæ k fa stu l ø b ,kayi k vKÁ ]CÄansBaØ I s U R t TI 5 mhaRBhμ RBHd* m anRBHPaKdU c CaKM n rePø I g EdlcU l eTArk:neday eZVIkarnms,arehIy QancuHGMBIGakasQrelIEpndI . bTza Gc©eya ERbza eTas :ndl´ karPø a M g Pø a t´ . bTza ena Gc© K < m a ERbza rbs´ B Y kx\ ú M Edlknø gelμIs ehIy GZi b|ayza BY kx\úM RBHGg<knø gelμIs ehI y eTasenaHRKbsg, t ´ x \ ú M R BHGg< o RbRBw t þ e TA . bTza GbsaeTtBV M ERbza EdlBY keyIgemIlgay GZi b|ayza EdlBY kx\úM RBHGg< Kb|I e ZV I o RBHGg< T as´ R BHT& y :n . :n»za eTvtaenaHb¨ H Tg< i c RBHmanRBHPaKedayGakar 2 y¨ a g KW edaykay ni g edayvaca kar mi n zV aybg< MRBHtzaKt ehIyQrkñúgGakasenH eQμ aHza b¨HxÞb´ e day kay kaleTvtaTaMgenaH eJlvacaCavaT;rbs´Gsb|ú rs manRbkar epSg> dU cmnu sSGaRkk´ n aM E xlmkkarJrxøÜ n eQμaHza b¨ HTg<i ceday vaca . eRJHdU e cñ a H elakeTI b eJlTu k za BY k eTvtaBY k enaHeJlza BY k x\ ú M R BHGg< T aM g Lay

:nsm< a l´ R BHGg< z a

CaGñ k Edlbu K < l Kb|I

emI l gay:n . bTza bdi K < N Ø a tu EkCa xmtu ERbza sU m emtþ a Gt´ nU v eTas .

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-224- sartßb,kasinI Gdækfa sMyutþnikay sKafvKÁÁ bTza Gaytw sM v ray ERbza edI m |I n w g sRgÜ m kñ ú g kalteTA GZi b |ayza edI m |I e sckþ I s RgÜ m kñ ú g GnaKt ni g edI m |I m i n eZV I n U v kM h u s esckþ I R bTU s ra¨ y esckþ I t i H ed[lEbbenHeT[t . lM d ab´ e naHÉg RBHmanRBHPaK RTg´ : neZV I k arjjw m oR:kd kñ ú g esckþ I e nH GZi b |ayza RBHmanRBHPaK kalnw g RTg´ s Emþ g dl´ RBHGg< EdlRTg´ m ankarTU n μ a nehI y eTI b sEmþ g nU v lk¡ N ;énesckþ I eRtkGr . sY r za eRJHehtu G V I . eqø I y za :n»za BY k eTvtaTaM g enaH sU m oRBHGg< G t´ e Tas odl´ B Y k eTvtaedayPav;rbs´ x ø Ü n rEmgeZV I R BHtzaKtEdlCabu K < l d* R besI r elI s elak

RBmTaM g eTvelak

odU c Caelaki y CnZmμ t a

mñ a k´ . lM d ab´ e naH RBHmanRBHPaK eTI b :nRTg´ e ZV I k arjjw m oR:kd edaybM N gza tzaKtnw g sEmþ g kmø a M g énRBHBu T Æ m u n >

ehI y nw g Gt´

eTaskñ ú g xageRkay edayJküEdlnw g eJlteTAxagmu x . bTza Pi e yüaesa mtþ a y EkCa Gti e rkb|maeNn ERbza edayRbmaN

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-225- Gdæ k fa stu l ø b ,kayi k vKÁ ]CÄansBaØ I s U R t TI 5 éRkElg . bTza «mM KazM GPasi ERbza eTvtamY y Gg< : neJl KazaenH GZi b |ayza eTvtamY y Gg< m anesckþ I s m< a l´ z a RBHsasþ a enH RTg´ e RkaZnw g BY k eyI g eTI b :neJlehI y . bTza n bdi K < NØ a ti EkCa n xmti ERbza rEmgmi n Gt´ e Tas KW rEmgmi n elI k Elg . bTza ekabnþ e ra ERbza bu K < l manesckþ I e RkaZEdlekI t eLI g ehI y kñ ú g xagkñ ú g . bTza s evrM b di m u c © t i ERbza rEmgRbsBV nUv eB[revra GZi b|ayza buK< l enaH KW buK< l mansPaBEbbenH rEmg RbsBV e B[revra rEmgtaM g Tu k rEmgmi n lHbg´ n U v eB[revraenaHkñ ú g xø Ü n dU c bu K < l ekI t bU s ���p, a b´ m u x ’ . bTza Gc© e ya ec n vi e C¢ z ERbza ebI e Tasmi n Kb|I m an GZi b |ayza ebI k mμ KW karknø g elI s mi n man esat . bTza ena cI Z GbhtM si y a ERbza kM h u s k* m i n Kb|I m an GZi b |ayza eQμ a Hza esckþ I P ø a M g Pø a t´ m i n Kb|I m an . bTza eknI Z ku s ela si y a ERbza kñ ú g elakenH Gñ k Na CaGñ k qø a t eRJHehtu G V I GZi b |ayza Rbsi n ebI e B[revraTaM g Laymi n Kb|I s á b ´ e sat Gñ k NaKb|I C aGñ k qø a t eRJHehtu G V I . bTza ksSc© y a

ERbza

eTasTaM g Layrbs´ G ñ k Nami n Kb|I m an

KW

:ndl´

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-226- sartßb,kasinI Gdækfa sMyutþnikay sKafvKÁÁ eTas EdlRbRBw t þ k nø g pø Ú v vacarbs´ G ñ k Nami n man kM h u s rbs´ G ñ k Nami n man Gñ kNahñ @ rEmgminRbsBVesckþIvegV g GñkNahñ@ eQμ aH za CabNÐ i t rhU t dl´ G s´ k alCani c © e naHÉg . :n»za kareZV I n U v karjjw m oR:kdrbs´ R BHmanRBHPaK k* edI m |I n w g Rtas´ K azaenH . eRJHdU e cñ a H RBHmanRBHPaKeTI b RTg´ m an RBHtRmi H za

«LÚ v enHtzaKtnw g sEmþ g kmø a M g rbs´ R BHBu T Æ

ehI y nw g

Gt´ e Tasdl´ B Y k eTvta eTI b Rtas´ J küza tzaKtsS Bu T Æ s S sBV PU t anu k m|i e na CaedI m ERbesckþ I z a eTasTaM g Laymi n man kM h u s k* mi n mandl´ R BHtzaKtenaH

CaGñ k Rtas´ d w g ehI y

CaGñ k manesckþ I

Gnu e RKaHdl´ s tV T aM g BY g RBHtzaKtenaH rEmgmi n dl´ n U v esckþ I v egV g RBHtzaKtenaH rEmgCaGñ k manbJ¦ a CaGñ k mansti k ñ ú g kalTaM g BY g kalRTg´ s Emþ g eTasehI y ebI b u K < l Namanesckþ I e RkaZenAxagkñ ú g manesckþ I e RkaZxø a M g rEmgmi n Gt´ e Tasobu K < l enaH rEmgRbsBV n U v eB[revra tzaKtmi neRtkGrnU v eB[revraenaH tzaKtrEmgGt´ e Tasdl´ Gñ k TaM g Lay . bNþ a bTTaM g enaH bTza tzaKtsS GZi b |ayza RBHnamza

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-227- Gdæ k fa stu l ø b ,kayi k vKÁ ]CÄansBaØ I s U R t TI 5 tzaKt edayehtu T aM g Lay manJküCaedI m y¨ a genHza tza GaKetati tzaKeta ERbza eQμ a Hza tzaKt eRJHesþ c mkehI y y¨ a g enaH KW esþ c mkedI m |I G nu e RKaHdl´ e venyüstV tamRbéBNI r bs´ R BH Bu T Æ T aM g Laykñ ú g kalmu n . bTza Bu T Æ s S GZi b |ayza RBHmanRBHPaK manRBHnamEdl:nehI y y¨ a genH edayGM N acénkarEtg taM g edayvi e mak¡ n þ i j aN edayehtu T aM g Lay mankarRtas´ d w g sc© ; 4 CaedI m . bTza Gc© y M eTsynþ I n M ERbza kalRTg´ s Emþ g eTasehI y GZi b |ayza JküNaEdlGñ k TaM g LayeJldl´ b u K < l EdlsEmþ g eTasehI y

bu K < l enaHrEmgRbsBV e B[revra

eRJHdU e cñ a H

JküenaH

RTg´ R tas´ l Á e hI y bu ¨ E nþ e yI g rEmgmi n eRtkGr mi n R:zñ a nU v eB[revra . bTza bdi K < N Ø a mi evac© y M EkCa tu m Ø a kM GbraZM x mami ERbza tzaKt rEmgGt´ e Tasdl´ B Y k Gñ k k dU e cñ H Ég .

cb;Gdækfa ]CÄansBaØIs URtTI 5 3

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-228- sartßb,kasinI Gdækfa sMyutþnikay sKafvKÁÁ G dð k za sTÆ a sU R tTI 6 Kb|I R Cabvi n i c ä & y kñ ú g sTÆ a sU R tTI 6 teTA

?

[115] bTza sTÆ a Tu t i y a bu r i s sS ehati ERbza sTÆ a CaTI 2 ‘Casmø a j´ ’ rbs´ b u r s KW :ndl´ kalbu r seTAkan´ e Tvelak ni g RBHni B V a n sTÆ a rEmgCasmø a j´ T I B I r KW rEmgjú a M g ki c © r bs´ s mø a j´ oseRmc . bTza ena ec GsTÆ i y M Gvti d ð t i EkCa yTi GsTÆ i y M n ti d ð t i ERbza ebI G ñ k mi n mansTÆ a taM g enA . bTza yesa ERbza ys :ndl´ brivar . bTza kitþi ERbza kitþiys :ndl´ kareJl elI k sresI r . bTza ttV s S ehati ERbza rEmgmandl´ e KenaH KW za tBI e naH rEmgmandl´ e K . bTza nanu b tnþ i s g< a ERbza ki e ls CaeRK}gCab´CMJk´ rEmgminmanesckþIRkvl´Rkvay KW :ndl´ kiels CaeRK}gCab´ C M J k´ 5 y¨ a g manraK;CaeRK}gCab´ C M J k´ C aedI m rEmg mi n cU l dl´ .

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-229- Gdæ k fa stu l ø b ,kayi k vKÁ sT§ a sU R t TI 6 [116] RBHmanRBHPaKRtas´ z a BY k CnJlGñ k Gab´ « tR:C\ a rEmgRbkbesckþ I R bmaT cM E NkGñ k R:C\ rEmgrkSaesckþ I m i n RbmaT dU cbu K< lrkSaRTBüd* RbesI r buK< l kuM tamRbkbesckþIRbmaT nigkuM tam Rbkbesckþ Is ñ i T Æs ña l

edayGMNacesckþI eRtkGrkñú gkam

eRJHza

bu K < l mi n RbmaTehI y CaGñ k manQan ‘mankarsmø w g Bi n i t ü’ rEmg seRmcbrmsu x . bTza bmaTmnu y u B a¢ n þ i ERbza rEmgtamRbkbesckþ I R bmaT GZi b|ayza CnBY kNarEmgeZVI KW rEmgoesckþI RbmaTekIteLIg Cn TaM g enaHeQμ a Hza rEmgtamRbkbnU v esckþ I R bmaTenaH . bTza ZnM esdð Mv rk¡t i ERbza dU cbu K< lrkSaRTBüd*RbesIr KW :ndl´ dU cbuK< l rkSaRTBüd* ó tþ m manEkvmu k þ a ni g EkvmNI E dlmansar;CaedI m . bT za Qayenþ a ERbza CaGñ k manQan :ndl´ lk¡ N U b ni C Äan ni g Garmμ N U b ni C Äan

kñ ú g Qan

2

y¨ a genaH

vi b sSna

mK<

ni g pl

eQμ a Hza lk¡ N U b ni C Äan . Bi t Nas´ vi b sSna eQμ a Hza lk¡ N U bni CÄan eRJHGtæza cU l eTAsmøw gdl´l k¡N;TaM gbI . mK< eQμaHza

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-230- sartßb,kasinI Gdækfa sMyutþnikay sKafvKÁÁ lk¡ N UbniCÄan eRJHGtæ za rEmgoseRmcnUv bhankic© Edlmkdl´ ehI y edayvi b sSna . pl eQμ a Hza lk¡ N U b ni C Äan eRJHGtæ z a rEmgcUleTAsmøwgnUvnieraZsc©; EdlCatzlk¡N; . Et smabtþi 8 bNÐ i t Kb|I R Cabza CaGarmμ N U b ni C Äan eRJHcU l eTAsmø w g Garmμ N ¾ énksi N . Grhtþ s u x eQμ a Hza brmsu x EdlRBHmanRBHPaKRTg´ bM N gykehI y dU e cñ H Ég .

cb;Gdækfa sT§a sURt TI 6 3

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-231- Gdæ k fa stu l ø b ,kayi k vKÁ smysU R t TI 7 G dð k za smysU R tTI 7 Kb|I R Cabvi n i c ä & y kñ ú g smysU R tTI 7 teTA

?

[117] bTza sek,su ERbza kñúgEdnsk,;enH :ndl´ CnbT mYyEdlCaTIenArbs´raCkumarTaMgLay EdlmaneQμaHza sk,; eRJH GaRs& y JküóTanza sküa vt ePa ku m ara ERbza ku m ard* c eRmI n TaM g enH Gachñ @ ‘ßGachñ @ ’ dU e cñ H elakeTI b ehACnbTenaHza sk, ; tamru L $ i s BÞ s a®sþ . kñ ú g TI e nH :ndl´ kñ ú g CnbTeQμ a Hza sk, ; enaH . bTza mhaven ERbza kñ ú g éRBZM KW :ndl´ kñ ú g éRBZM E dl Cab´ C amY y nw g hi m vnþ EdlekI t eLI g ÉgedayZmμ C ati mi n manGñ k Na daM T u k . bTza seBV ehv Grhenþ h i ERbza su T Æ E tCaRBHGrhnþ KW :ndl´ RBHGrhnþ EdlseRmcehIykñúgézá E dlRBHGg<Rtas´smysURtn@ uHÉg . kñ ú gsU RtenaH manGnubuB V ikza KW vacaCaeRK}geJlGMB I lM d ab´ dU c teTAenH ?

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-232- sartßb,kasinI Gdækfa sMyutþnikay sKafvKÁÁ esþ c skü; ni g ekali y ; vi v aTKñ a er]gbgØ Ú r Tw k cU l ERs :n»za esþ c skü; nigekaliy; mY y kEnø g Rtg´ s Þ w g

eQμ a H

erahi N I

:nosagTMn b´karBarTw k

EdlenAcenø a HnKrkbi l Psþ ú

nw g ekali y nKr ehI y oeZV I s nÞ Ú g TaM g Lay . kñ ú g RKaenaH Caevla edI m Ex 7 ‘ExeCsð ’ kalTaM g Lay kM B u g eRk{msV i t kmμ k rTaM g BI r RBHnKreTI b RbCu M K ñ a

.

kñ ú g bNþ a kmμ k rTaM g BI r enaH

kmμ k rGñ k enAkñ ú g

ekali y nKr eJlza Tw k enHnaM m keRbI e dI m |I s nÞ Ú g énBY k eyI g TaM g BI r nKrnw g mi n RKb´ R Kan´

k* s nÞ Ú g rbs´ B Y k eyI g nw g seRmcedayTw k Edl

hU r mkkñ ú g pø Ú v EtmY y b¨ u e NÑ a H

sU m BY k elakcU r oTw k enHdl´ B Y k eyI g

dU e cñ H . kmμ krGñ kenAkñú gnKrkbilPsþú eJlza kalBYkelakjúaM g RsÚ v oeBjCRgú k ehI y k* k an´ y kkhabN; R:k´ mas EkvBi T U r ü ni g elah;TaM g LayTu k cM E NkBY k eyI g k* n w g manRtw m EtkeBa¢ I ni g lÁ I CaedImenAkñ úg éd nwgmi nGacedIreTACitTV arpÞHrbs´B Ykelak sUm|I snÞÚ g rbs´ B Y k eyI g

k* n w g seRmcedayTw k EdlhU r mkkñ ú g pø Ú v EtmY y n@ u H Ég

sU m BY k elakoTw k enHdl´ B Y k eyI g dU e cñ H . kmμ k rGñ k enAkñ ú g ekali -

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-233- Gdæ k fa stu l ø b ,kayi k vKÁ smysU R t TI 7 ynKr eJlza BYkeyIgmino kmμkrGñkenAkñúgnKrkbilPsþú k*eJl za sU m |I B Y k eyI g k* m i n o eTI b ekI t karRbEkkttaM g Kñ a mñ a k´ e RkakeLI g eTARbharmñ a k´ . sU m |I k mμ k renaH k* R bharkmμ k rdéT RKaRbharKñ a ni gKñ ay¨ agenHehIy k*bnþ t eTAdl´Cati dl´ raCRtkU l júaM gkareQøaH KñaoceRmIn eLIg edayRbkardU e cñ H . kmμ k rGñ k ekali y nKreJlza BY k elakenAkñ ú g kbi l Psþ ú cab´ B Y k ekμ g > eTAKRmam CnBY k NaenArY m nw g bgbÁ Ú n RsI r bs´ x ø Ü n CnBY k enaH dU c cck dM r I T aM g Lay esHTaM g Lay Exl Gavu Z TaM g Lay rbs´ C nTaM g enaH nw g eZV I G V I B Y k eyI g :n dU e cñ H . kmμ k rrbs´ e sþ c skü;TaM g enaH eJlza BY k elakCamnu s S ekI t eraKXø g ´ nw g BY k ekμ g > eTAKRmamCnBY k NaGaRs& y enARtg´ e dI m Rke¶ dU c mnu s SGnazami n manTI e TA dU c CastV t i r cä a n dM r I T aM g Lay esHTaM g Lay Exl ni g Gavu Z TaM g Layrbs´ C nTaM g enaH nw g eZV I G V I B Yk eyI g :n dU e cñ H . kmμ k rTaM g enaH Gñ k xø H k* e TAR:b´ d l´ G amaRtGñ k Rbkbkñ ú gkargarenaH . BY kGamaRtk*RkabTUl dl´ raCRtkU l . lM d ab´ enaH esþ cskü;TaM gLay eJlza BYkeyIgnwg sEmþgkmøaMg ni gBl

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-234- sartßb,kasinI Gdækfa sMyutþnikay sKafvKÁÁ rbs´ B Y k eyI g EdlenArY mKñanw gbgbÁÚnRsI T aM gLay dU e cñ H eRt{mc|aMg ehIyk*e sþ cecjeTA . sUm|I esþ cekali y;TaM gLay k* eJlza BYk eyI g nw g sEmþ g kmø a M g

ni g Blrbs´ e yI g

enARtg´ e kalRBw k S

‘edI m

Rke¶’ dU e cñ H eRt{mkarc|aM g ehI y k* e sþ c ecjeTA . RBHmanRBHPaK

esþ c ecjcakRBHmhakru N asmabtþ i

kñ ú g

evlaCitPø W énraRtI e hIy RtÜtemIlstVelak RTg´: neXIj CnTaM genaH eRt{mc|aM g y¨ a genH

ecjeTAehI y

rNaza kaltzaKteTAehI y

RKaRTg´ e XI j ehI y

eTI b Bi c a-

kareQø a HenH nw g sá b ´ ß eThñ @

dU e cñ H

RBHGg<RTg´ RCabkñ ú gRBHT&yza tzaKtnw geTAkñú gTI e naH ehIynwgeJl Catk

3

Catk

edI m |I c U l eTArmá a b´ k areQø a HKñ a

kalenaH

vi v aTk*

nw g sá b ´ c u H tBI e naHtzaKt nw g sEmþ g Catk 2 Catk edI m |I s Emþ g esckþ Is amK< I ehIynw gsEmþ gGtþTNÐs URt sUm|IGñ knKrTaMgBI rsþ ab´ eTsnaehI y k* n w g zV a yRBHraCku m armY y nKr 250 Gg< tzaKtnw g jú a M g ku m arTaM g enaHobBV C ¢ a smaKmZM n w g man dU e cñ H . eRJHdU e cñ a H kalGñ k nKrTaM g BI r enH eRt{mc|aM g ehI y RBHmanRBHPaKRTg´ m i n :n

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-235- Gdæ k fa stu l ø b ,kayi k vKÁ smysU R t TI 7 R:b´ GñkNa> RTg´kan´yk:Rt nigcI vr edayRBHGg< Égn@uHÉg esþ c eTARbzab´Kg´ B t´ E Pñn kñ ú gGakas

kñ ú g cenø a HBY k esnamatüTaM g BI r nKr

ehI y RTg´ b eBa© j qBV N Ñ r gSI . BY k Gñ k nKrkbi l Psþ ú eXI j RBHmanRBHPaKehI y Ki t za RBHsasþ a RTg´ C abu K < l RbesI r CaRBHjati r bs´ BY k eyI g esþ c mkehI y esckþ I E bk:k´ K ñ a rbs´ B Y k eyI g RBHGg< R Tg´ RCabehI y hñ @ dU e cñ H eTI b Ki t za k* k alRBHmanRBHPaKesþ c mkehI y BY k eyI g mi n GacedI m |I n w g eRbI s ®sþ a jú a M g srI r ;rbs´ G ñ k déToZø a k´ e TA BY kGñ kekali ynKr cU rsmø ab´B Y keyIg ßcUrdutBYkeyIgk*eday dUe cñ H eTIbnaMKñaecalGavuZTaMgLay ehIyGg<úycuH zVaybg<MRBHbrmsasþa . sU m|I Gñ kekali ynKr k*Ki tdU e cñ a HEdr naMKñ aecalGavuZ eTI bGg<ú yzV ay bg< M R BHbrmsasþ a dU c Kñ a . RBHmanRBHPaK TaM g EdlRTg´ R CabehI y n@ u H Ég k* R tas´ s Y r za mhabBiRt RBHGg<esþcmkeRJHehtuGVI dUecñH . RBHraCaTUlza bBiRt RBHmanRBHPaK BY k x\ ú M R BHGg< m i n :nmkkñ ú g TI e nH edI m |I e lgkI L aRtg´ kM B g´ T w k Rtg´ P ñ M Rtg´ T enø ßTsSnaPñ M EtBY k x\ ú M R BHGg< j ú a M g s®g< a mo

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-236- sartßb,kasinI Gdækfa sMyutþnikay sKafvKÁÁ ekI t eLI g ehI y eTI b mk dU e cñ H . RBHmanRBHPaKRtas´ s Y r za mhabBi R t RBHGg< R Tg´ G aRs& y GV I eTI b RTg´ v i v aTKñ a . RBHraCaTU l za Tw k RBHGg< . -RBHman ; mhabBi R t Tw k mantémø e RcI n ß . -RBHraCa ; mantémø t i c RBHGg< . -RBHman ; eQμ a Hza EpndI mantémø ßmhabBi R t . -RBHraCa ; mantémø R bmaNmi n :n RBHGg< . -RBHman ; kSRti y ¾ T aM g Lay mantémø ß . -RBHraCa ; Zmμ t aza kSRti y ¾ T aM g Lay mantémø R bmaNmi n :n . -RBHman ; mhabBi R t RBHGg< G aRs& y Tw k Edlmantémø R tw m Etbnþ i cbnþ Ü cehIyjú aMgkSRtiy¾T aMgLay EdlmantémøRbmaNmin:n ovi n aseTA edI m |I R beyaCn¾ G V I Zmμ t aza esckþ I e BjRBHT& y kñ ú g kar Tas´ E TgKñ a rEmgmi n man mhabBi R t karcgGaXat Edlru k ¡ e Tvta mYyGg< nigxøaXμ ú M :ncgGaXatKñ aehIy eRJHeZVI eB[revrakñú g vtæú E dl

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-237- Gdæ k fa stu l ø b ,kayi k vKÁ smysU R t TI 7 mi n KY r edayGM NacénkareQøaHKñ a karcgGaXatenaH nwgRbRBwtþ e TA rhU t dl´ G s´ k b| dU e cñ H ehI y Rtas´ pnÞ n Catk . lM d ab´ e naH RBHmanRBHPaKeTI b Rtas´ z a mhabBi R t RBHGg< mi n Kb|I C aGñ k eQμ a Hza manbu K < l déTCabc© & y eRJHza bu K < l manGñ k déTCabc© & y ehI y BY k stV c tu : TTaM g Laykñ ú g hi m vnþ EdlmanTM h M dl´ e TAbI J n´ e yaCn¾ eTI b :nnaM K ñ a rt´ e TAkan´ m hasmu R T edayJkü rbs´ T nSaytU c mY y eRJHdU e cñ a HÉg RBHGg< e TI b mi n KY r manGñ k déTCa bc© & y dU e cñ H ehI y Rtas´ bfvi ó Tri y nCatk . lM d ab´ e naHÉg Rtas´ z a mhabBi R t kñ ú g kalNa> stV E dl mankmø a M g exSay eXI j nU v eTas eXI j OkasEdlRbTU s ra¨ y stV Edlmankmø a M g eRcI n mhabBi R t ßza kñ ú g kalNa> stV E dlman kmø aMgeRcI n eXI jeTas eXIj OkasEdlnw gRbTU sra¨ ystV E dlman kmø a M g exSay eRJHza sU m |I s tV c abeC[bkb|as k* j ú a M g dM r I Z M o sø a b´ :n

dU e cñ H

ehI y Rtas´

ldu k i k Catk

.

lu H Rtas´ C atkTaM g

3

edI m|I bMN gdl´ karsá b´rmá ab´nU vviv aTy¨ agenHehIy edI m|IRtÚ vkarsEmþ g

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-238- sartßb,kasinI Gdækfa sMyutþnikay sKafvKÁÁ esckþ I s amK< I eTI b Rtas´ C atk 2 CatkeT[t . sY r za RBHGg< R tas´ y¨agNa . eqø Iyza Rtas´za mhabBiRt Bi tehI y GñkNa> eQμ aH za mi n eXI j pø Ú v énesckþ I C aGñ k RBmeRB{gKñ a dU e cñ H ehI y RTg´ R tas´ ru k ¡ Z mμ C atk . tBI e naH k* R tas´ e T[tza mhabBi R t Gñ k Na> mi n Gac eXI j pø Ú v énesckþ I R BmeRB{gKñ a :n

k* k ñ ú g kalNa

CnTaM g LayeZV I

esckþ IT as´ ETgdl´ Kñ anigKñ a kñú gkalenaH bu Rtrbs´ n ayRJn eTIbnaM CnTaM g enaHeTAsmø a b´ eRJHehtu e naH EdleQμ a Hza esckþ I e Bjci t þ kñ ú gkarvi v aTKñ a eTI bminman dUe cñH ehIyRtas´ vdþk Catk . lu HRtas´ CatkTaM g 5 enH y¨ a genHehI y kñ ú g TI b M p u t k* R tas´ Gtþ T NÐ s U R t . RBHraCaenAkñ ú g nKrTaM g BI r RTg´ R CHzø a ehI y Rtas´ z a ebI R BHsasþ a esþ c mi n mkeT BY k eyI g TaM g Lay EdlmanGavu Z kñ ú g éd nw g smø a b´ K ñ a nigKñ a nwgjú aMgsÞ w g KW elahitohUreTA BYkeyI gTaMg Layk*mi n :n eXI j bu R t ni g bgbÁ Ú n rbs´ B Y k eyI g nw g mi n eXI j sU m |I T V a rRsú k kar naM d M N w g ni g kartbdM N w g rbs´ B Y k eyI g k* n w g mi n man CI v i t rbs´ B Y k eyI g :nehI y eRJHGaRs& y RBHsasþ a Rbsi n ebI R BHsasþ a enARKb´

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-239- Gdæ k fa stu l ø b ,kayi k vKÁ smysU R t TI 7 RKgraCsm|tþ i e sat TV I b Cabri v arBI r Jn´ k* n w g enAkñ ú g RBHhsæ ‘kñ ú g GM N ac’ rbs´ R BHGg< RTg´ e sayraCsm|tþ i k ñ ú g TV I b TaM g 4 TaM g bu R t rbs´ R BHGg< k * K b|I m anrab´ J n´ e dayBi t RKaenaHÉg RBHGg< k * n w g man kSRtiy¾CabrivarEhhmesþceTA bu¨Enþza RBHGg<RTg´lHbg´raCsm|tþienaH Ég esþ c ecjmhaPi e n®s, m ¾ seRmcsem¬ a Zi j aNehI y sU m |I k ñ ú g kal«LÚ v enH k* s U m oRBHGg< mankSRti y ¾ C abri v arEhhmRBHGg< c u H dU e cñ H ehI y zV a yRBHku m arkñ ú g mY y nKr 250 Gg< . RBHmanRBHPaK RTg´ j ú a M g RBHku m arTaM g enaHobY s ehI y esþ c eTAkan´ mhav&n ‘éRBZM’ RKaenaH esckþImi neRtkGrekIteLI gehIydl´ Pi k ¡ ú T aM g enaH EdlbY s edayesckþ I e KarB ‘kñ ú g RBHsasþ a ’ Etmi n :n eBjci t þ r bs´ x ø Ü n . sU m |I P ri y acas´ r bs´ P i k ¡ ú T aM g enaH k* K i t za kar RKb´ R KgpÞ H lM : k sU m RBHGyübu t þ c U r sw k cu H CaedI m . ehI y bJ¢ Ú n dM N w g enaHeTA . Pi k ¡ ú T aM g enaHmanesckþ I x V l ´ x V a yci t þ y ¨ a gxø a M g . RBHmanRBHPaK RTg´ B i c arNa RTg´ : nRCabdl´ P i k ¡ ú T aM g enaH minmanesckþIeRtkGr RTg´RBHtRmiHza BYkPik¡úTaMgenH enArYmnwgRBHBuTÆ

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-240- sartßb,kasinI Gdækfa sMyutþnikay sKafvKÁÁ R:kddUcCatzaKt enAEtGpSúk ‘cg´swk’ eNØIycuH tzaKtnwgBN(na dl´ RsHEdlCaTI GaRs&yenAénstVtaevAdl´Pik¡ú T aM genaH

ehI y naMe TA

kan´ T I e naH k* n w g benÞ a bg´ e sckþ I m i n eRtkGr:n dU e cñ H ehI y RTg´ : n BN( n adl´ R sHCaTI e nAGaRs& y énstV t aevAenaH dl´ P i k ¡ ú T aM g enaH . Pi k ¡ ú T aM g enaHR:zñ a nw g eXI j RsHénstV e naH . RBHmanRBHPaKRtas´ s Y r za mñ a lPi k ¡ ú T aM g Lay BY k Gñ k R:zñ a nw geXIj ß . BYkPi k¡ ú RkabTU lza bBi RtRBHmanRBHPaK BY kx\úM RBHGg< R:zñ a nw g eXI j RBHGg< . -RBHmanRBHPaK ; ebI B Y k Gñ k bM N gy¨ a genH cU r mk eyI g nw g eTA . -Pi k ¡ ú ; bBi R tRBHmanRBHPaK BY k x\ ú M R BHGg< n w g eTAkan´ T I C aTI cU l dl´ r bs´ b u K < l Edlman#TÆ i : ny¨ a gNa . -RBHmanRBHPaK ; BY kGñkbMNgnwgeTA tzaKtnwgnaMe TAeday Ganu P aBrbs´ t zaKt . -Pi k ¡ ú ; RBHkru N a RBHGg< .

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-241- Gdæ k fa stu l ø b ,kayi k vKÁ smysU R t TI 7 RBHmanRBHPaKRTg´ n aM P i k ¡ ú 500 rU b ehaHeLI g eTAkñ ú g Gakas ehI y cu H Rtg´ R sHEdlCaTI G aRs& y enAénBY k stV t aevA ehI y Rtas´ n w g Pi k¡ ú T aM genaHza mñ a lPi k¡ ú T aMgLay kñú gRsHCaTIGaRs& y enAénstV t aevA enH BY k Gñ k mi n Tan´ s < a l´ e Qμ a HRtI B Y k Na cU r sY r tzaKt dU e cñ H Pi k ¡ ú TaM g enaHTU l sY r ehI y > RBHmanRBHPaKk* R tas´ R :b´ J küEdlBY k Pi k ¡ ú TaM g enaHTU l sY r ehI y mY y eT[t RTg´ G nu J ¦ a toBY k Pi k ¡ ú T aM g enaH TU l sY reQμ aHRtIT aM genaHb¨ ueNÑ aH k* eT oTUlsYrdl´ eQμ aHénedImeQIT aM g Laykñ ú géRBenaHxø H eQμa HénBY kstVm aneCI gBI r ni geCIgbYnxøH ni g:n Rtas´ R :b´ e hI y . lM d ab´ e naH stV t aevA Casku N raC TM R tg´ k M N at´ e QI Edl BY k stV T aM g enaHeRbI c M B u H JM E hhmmk edayBY k énstV T aM g BI r xag KW TaM g xagmu x ni g xageRkay . BY k Pi k ¡ ú e XI j stV e naHehI y TU lsY rza bBi RtRBHGg< d *ceRmI n BY kx\úM RBHGg< rEmgsm<al´z a stVtaevAmYy enaH CaraCaénBY k stV T aM g enH BY k stV T aM g enH Cabri v arrbs´ s tV e naH RBHmanRBHPaKRtas´ z a y¨ a genaHÉg sU m |I R bkarenH k* d U c CavgSrbs´

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-242- sartßb,kasinI Gdækfa sMyutþnikay sKafvKÁÁ tzaKt CaRbéBNI rbs´tzaKtdUcKñ a . Pik¡ú RkabTUlza bBi RtRBHGg< d* c eRmI n kñ ú g kal«LÚ v enH BY k x\ ú M R BHGg< eXI j stV T aM g enHb¨ u e NÑ a H EtRBHmanRBHPaK Rtas´ J küNaza sU m|I enHk* CavgSrbs´ tzaKt Ca RbéBNI r bs´ t zaKtdU c Kñ a

dU e cñ H

BY k x\ ú M R BHGg< b M N gnw g sþ a b´ R BH-

tRmas´ e naH . RBHmanRBHPaKRtas´ z a mñ a lPi k ¡ ú T aM g Lay BY k Gñ k RtÚ v karnw g sþ a b´ ß . BY k Pi k ¡ ú T TY l RBHtRmas´ z a RBHkru N a RBHGg< . RBHmanRBHPaKRtas´ z a ebI d U e cñ a H BY k Gñ k cU r sþ a b´ c u H . RBHmanRBHPaK eTI b Rtas´ ku N alCatk EdlRbdab´ e dayRBHKaza 300 Kaza RTg´benÞabg´ehIynUvesckþImineRtkGrrbs´BYkPik¡úTaMgenaH . kñúgevla cb´eTsna Pik¡úsUm|ITaMgGs´ ‘500’ taMgenAehIykñúgesatabtþipl . sU m |I # TÆ i r bs´ P i k ¡ ú T aM g enaHk* m kehI y ‘seRmcehI y ’ edaymK< e naH Ég . er]grbs´ P i k ¡ ú T aM g Lay manRbmaNb¨ u e NÑ H si n tBI e naH RBHmanRBHPaKesþcyageTAkñúgGakas esþcyageTAkan´mhav&nenaHÉg . sU m |I P i k ¡ ú T aM g enaH

kñ ú g evlaeTA

:neTAedayGanu P aBrbs´ R BHTs-

Bl kñ ú g evlamk :nEhhmRBHmanRBHPaKmkkan´ m hav& n eday

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-243- Gdæ k fa stu l ø b ,kayi k vKÁ smysU R t TI 7 Ganu P aBrbs´ x ø Ü n . RBHGg< e sþ c Rbzab´ e lI G asn;EdleKRkalTu k Rtas´ e hAPi k ¡ ú T aM g enaHmk edayJküza mñ a lPi k ¡ ú T aM g Lay BY k Gñ k cU r mk

tzaKtnw g R:b´ k mμ d ð a ndl´ B Y k Gñ k EdlenAmanki e ls

Edl

Kb|I R bharedaymK< 3 xagelI dU e cñ H ehI y Rtas´ R :b´ k mμ d ð a n . Pi k ¡ ú T aM g LayKi t za RBHmanRBHPaKRTg´ R Cabdl´ B Y k eyI g manesckþ I mi neRtkGr eTIbRTg´n aMeTAkan´RsHEdlCaTIGaRs& yenAénBYk stVtaevA RTg´ b enÞ a bg´ e sckþ I m i n eRtkGr edayRtas´ ku N alCatk kalBY k eyI gseRmcesatabtþ iplkñú gTIenaHehI y «LÚv enH :nRbTankmμ dð an edI m |I s eRmcmK< 3 kñ ú g mhav& n enH k* k arEdlBY k eyI g oevlaknø g eTA edayKi t za BY k eyI g cU l dl´ R kEsZm( e hI y dU e cñ H rEmgmi n sm KY r eLI y karEdlBY k eyI g dU c BY k CnTaM g Lay k* m i n smKY r dU e cñ H . Pi k ¡ ú T aM g enaH eTI b zV a ybg< M R BHyu K l:TRBHsasþ a ehI y eRkakeLI g cab´ s M B t´ n i s I T n;sRmab´ G g< ú y rlas´ e hI y RkalGg< ú y Rtg´ k Enø g rbs´ x ø Ü n Rtg´ K l´ e QI C i t jkPñ M . RBHmanRBHPaKRTg´ RBHtRmi Hza sUm|IPik¡ú T aMgenHmanRbRktIs æit

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-244- sartßb,kasinI Gdækfa sMyutþnikay sKafvKÁÁ enAkñ ú gkmμ d ð an Edlmi nTan´seRmc EteQμaHza ehtu E dleZVIolM : k dl´ P i k ¡ ú E dl:nó:yehI y rEmgmi n man kalPi k ¡ ú T aM g enHbM E bkKñ a eTAbdibtþi epþImtaMgvibsSnaseRmcRBHGrhtþehIy k*nwgmkkan´smñak´ rbs´ tzaKt edaybMNgza BYkeyIgnwgR:b´KuNvie ssEdlxøÜn:n seRmcehI y kalPi k ¡ ú T aM g enHmkehI y BY k eTvtakñ ú g mu W n cRkvaLnw g RbCuMKñakñúgcRkvaLmYy ‘enH’ mhasm&y KW karRbCuMZMnwgman tzaKt eTI bKY rGg< úykñ ú gOkasEdlsáat´ dUe cñ H . lMd ab´e naH eTI besþcRbzab´ kñúgBuTÆasn; kñúgkEnøgEdlsáat´ . RBHezr; EdleTATTYlykkmμdðan munPik¡úTaMgGs´ seRmcehIynUvRBHGrhtþ RBmTaMgbdismÖiTaTaMgLay . tBI e naH Pi k ¡ ú d éT> eT[t k* T M n genH drabdl´ 500 rU b :nseRmc RBHGrhtþ R BmTaM g bdi s mÖ i T aTaM g Lay

dU c p, a bTu m TaM g LayrI k ecj

BI K u m ¬ b Tu m dU e cñ a H . Pi k ¡ ú E dlseRmcRBHGrhtþ m u n Pi k ¡ ú T aM g BY g Ki t za eyI g nw g Rkab TUlRBHmanRBHPaK dUecñH eTIbeRkakeLIgBIGasn; cab´sMBt´nisITn; rlas´ ehI y :nEbrmu x eq¬ a HeTAkan´ R BHTsBl . Pi k ¡ ú d éT> eT[t k*

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-245- Gdæ k fa stu l ø b ,kayi k vKÁ smysU R t TI 7 eZV I y ¨agenHsU m|IT aM g 500 rUb :neTAehI yedaylMd ab´ hak´bIdU cCa cU leTAkan´ eragqan´ Pi k¡ ú Edlmkmu n zV aybg<M ehIyRkalsM B t´nis ITn; ‘sM B t´sRmab´RTab´Gg<úy ’ ehIyk* Gg<úykñúgTI s mKY rcMENkmYy CaGñ k R:zñ a nw g R:b´ K u N vi e ssEdlxø Ü n cak´ Z ø ú H ehI y RkeLkemI l pø Ú v Edlxø Ün mk edayKi tza Gñ k déTNa> manenAßeThñ@ dU e cñ H mi n eXIj sU m |I b u K < l déTeLI y eRJHdU e cñ a H Pi k ¡ ú T aM g Gs´ e naH eTI b mkGg< ú y kñ ú g TI s mKY r cM E Nkm¡ a g Pi k ¡ ú e nHmkehI y k* m i n R:b´ d l´ P i k ¡ ú e nH sU m |I P i k ¡ ú enHmkehI yk* min R:b´ dl´ Pik¡ú e nHdUcKñ a :n»za Gakar 2 y¨ ag rEmg mandl´RBHxI NaRsBTaM gLay KW elakjúaM gcitþ oekI teLI gza Ohñ@ stV e lak RBmTaM g eTvelak Kb|I c ak´ Z ø ú H nU v Ku N EdleyI g cak´ Z ø ú H :n edayqab´ r h& s dU c Kñ a cu H dU e cñ H RBHxI N aRsBTaM g Lay rEmgmi n man bMNgnwgR:b´KuNviessdl´KñanigKña

dUcbursGñk:ndwgkMNb´RTBü

mi n R:b´ k M N b´ R TBüEdlxø Ü n dw g ehI y enaH . k* k alGri y mNÐ l KW mK< E dljú a M g ploekI t eLI g y¨ a genH ekIteLI gehIy mNÐl énRBHcnÞe Bjvg´k* R:scakeRK}gesAhμ gTaMg

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-246- sartßb,kasinI Gdækfa sMyutþnikay sKafvKÁÁ enH KW G& B Þ T w k senSI m EpSgePø I g ZU l I ni g rahU edayCu M v i j Pñ M y u K nÆ r énTisbs©wm EdlRbkbedaysirI dUckg´EdlseRmcedayR:k´ Edl buK<lcab´bgViloRtac´eTAkan´kNþalevhas¾ ‘épÞGakas’ dUcmNÐl énceBa© { nd* Z M

EdlseRmcehI y edayR:k´

EdlelI k eLI g Tu k Rtg´

Ti s bs© wm edI m|I sEmþgdl´v tæúE dlCaTIrIkrayrbs´ elak EdlRbdab´ edayBu T Æ ú b |aTenH dU e cñ a H . RBHmanRBHPaK RTg´ R bzab´ e nAkñ ú g sk, C nbTmY y EPø t KW Ca evlamY y ry; mY y EPø t RBmedayBY k Pi k ¡ ú T aM g 500 rU b EdlCaBY k ZM kñ ú g éRBZM Ci t RBHnKrkbi l Psþ ú Pi k ¡ ú T aM g Gs´ n @ u H Ég CaRBHGrhnþ d U c BN( n amkdU e cñ H . Kb|I R Cabesckþ I t eTAeT[tza sU m |I R BHmanRBHPaKRTg´ ó b|tþ ie LI gkñ ú gvgSénRBH:Tmhasmμt sU m|IB YkPik¡ú 500 rUb enaH k* e kI t kñ ú g RtkU l rbs´ R BH:Tmhasmμ t . RBHmanRBHPaK RTg´ ekI tkñ ú gKP(énkSRti y ¾ sU m|IPik¡ú T aMgenaHk* e kI tkñúgKP(énkSRtiy¾ RBHman RBHPaK CaraCbBV Ci t sU m|IPik¡ú T aMgenaHk*CaraCbBV C i t . RBHd* m anRBHPaK RTg´ l Hbg´ e sV t qRtkñ ú g PaBCaesþ c cRkBtþ i Edlsæ i t enAkñ ú g

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-247- Gdæ k fa stu l ø b ,kayi k vKÁ smysU R t TI 7 kNþ a b´ R BHhsæ ehI y RBHpñ Ü s sU m |I P i k ¡ ú T aM g enaH k* l Hbg´ e sV t qRt lHbg´ PaBCaRBHraCaTaMgLayEdlenAkñúgkNþ ab´ RBhsæ ehIybYs . RBHmanRBHPaK RTg´ C abu K < l bri s u T Æ e hI y edayRBHGg< É g kñ ú g Okas Edlbri s u T Æ i e hI y kñ ú g cM E NkénraRtI E dlbri s u T Æ i e hI y RTg´ m anbri v ar Edlbri s u T Æ i e hI y RTg´ m anraK;EdleTAR:sehI y manbri v arEdl manraK;eTAR:sehIy maneTas;eTAR:sehIy manbrivar Edlman eTas;eTAR:sehI y manemah;eTAR:sehI y manbri v ar Edlman emah;eTAR:sehIy mantNØaeTAR:sehIy manbrivarGñkmantNØa eTAR:sehI y mi n manki e ls manbri v arCaGñ k mi n manki e ls RTg´ sá b ´ r má a b´ e hI y manbri v arCaGñ k sá b ´ r má a b´ e hI y RTg´ T U n μ a nlÁ e hI y manbri v arEdlTU n μ a nlÁ e hI y RTg´ C aGñ k rY c pu t ehI y manbri v arCaGñ k rY cpu tehI y eTI bruger]géRkElgkñúgéRBZMe naH dU ecñH . Jküza sk,; enH maneRcI n RbmaNRtw m Na bNÐ i t Kb|I e JlRtw m enaH enHeQμ a H za vNÑP Um i . Jküza Pik ¡úmanRbmaN 500 rUb suT ÆEtCaRBHGrhnþ enH elakeJlsM e dAykPi k ¡ ú T aM g enH edayRbkardU e cñ H .

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-248- sartßb,kasinI Gdækfa sMyutþnikay sKafvKÁÁ Jküza eyPu e yün ERbza edayeRcI n KW :ndl´ BY k eTvta TaM g LayEdlRbCu M K ñ a maneRcI n BY k Edlmi n :nRbCu M K ñ a manti c KW BY k EdlCaGsBa¦ I s tV ni g BY k EdlekI t kñ ú g GrU : vcrb¨ u e NÑ a H . BY k eTvtamu W n cRkvaLRbCu M K ñ a Kb|IRCablMdab´éneTvtaTaMgLay EdlmkRbCuMKña kñúgéRBmhav& n dU c teTAenH ? :n»za BY k eTvtaEdlGaRs& y enACu M v i j éRBmhav& n beJ© j sMeLgxøaMg> za ²bBiRtelakd*ceRmInTaMgLay BYkeyIgcUrmk eQμaH za kareXI j RBHBu T Æ manóbkar;eRcI n karsþ a b´ Z m( m an óbkar;eRcI n kareXI j RBHsg¹ k* m anóbkar;eRcI n BY k eyI g TaM g LaycU r mkcu H ³ dU e cñ H eTI b mkzV a ybg< M R BHmanRBHPaK ni g RBHxI N aRsBEdlseRmc RBHGrhtþ k ñ ú g xN;enaH ehI y :nQrkñ ú g TIs mKY rkñúgcM ENkm¡ag . edayó:yenHn@ u HÉg BYk eTvtaTaM gLay sþ a b´ s M e LgeTvtaTaM g enaH Gs´ b I d gkñ ú g hi m vnþ EdlpSayecjeTAbI J n´ e yaCn¾ e dayGM N acén sM e Lg mansM e Lgknø H Kavu t mY y Kavu t knø H eyaCn¾ mY y eyaCn¾ C a

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-249- Gdæ k fa stu l ø b ,kayi k vKÁ smysU R t TI 7 edI m BY k eTvtakñ ú g Cm¬ Ú T V I b TaM g Gs´ KW eTvtaEdlGaRs& y enAkñ ú g nKr 63 Jn´ Rtg´ R bLayTw k 99 Esn Rtg´ k M B g´ 96 Esn ni g kñ ú g TI C a TI e kI t énrtn; KW smu R T 56 Esn kñ ú g cRkvaLTaM g Gs´ KW kñ ú g bu B V vi e Th; GmreKayan; ótþ r ku r u ni g kñ ú g TV I b tU c 2 Jn´ tBI e naH eTvta EdlenAkñ ú g cRkvaLTI B I r k* e dayTM n genHÉg bNÐ i t Kb|I R Cabza BY k eTvtaTaM g Lay kñ ú g mu W n cRkvaLmkRbCu M K ñ a ehI y edayRbkardU e cñ H . k* m u W n cRkvaLkñ ú g TI e nH elakR:zñ a ykelakZatu 10 eday ehtu e naH RBHmanRBHPaKeTI b Rtas´ z a Tshi c elakZatU h i eTvta eyPu e yün snñ i b ti k aehanþ i ‘ERbza k* e TvtamkBI e lakZatu 10 :n RbCu M K ñ a edayeRcI n ’ sPaBy¨ a genH bnÞ b ´ é ncRkvaLTaM g Gs´ k* e Bj eTAedayeTvtaTaM g Lay EdlmkRbCu M K ñ a ehI y taM g BI R Bhμ e lakmk hak´ b I d U c Cam¢ ú l Edlbu K < l dak´ b nþ K ñ a kñ ú g bM B g´ m ¢ ú l edaymi n dac´ r y; dU e cñ a H . kñ ú g TI e nH Kb|I R Cabkm¬ s ´ r bs´ R Bhμ e lak y¨ a genHza :n »za manduMzμRbmaNb¨unpÞHkMBUltaMgenAkñúgRBhμelak kalebIeKTmøak´ du M z μ e naHcu H mkkan´ e lakmnu s SenH 4 Ex eTI b Zø a k´ d l´ E pndI .

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-250- sartßb,kasinI Gdækfa sMyutþnikay sKafvKÁÁ kñ ú g Okasd* Z M T U l ayy¨ a genH

bu K < l QrxageRkame:Hp, a eQI

ßkM Nat´eQI rEmgmin :neTAkñú gxagelI ßQrxagelI ykRKab´és¬ e:HeTAxageRkam rEmgmi n mancenø a HRbehagZø a k´ e TAkñ ú g xageRkam:n edayGakary¨ a genH

eTvtaTaM g Lay:nmkmi n dac´ r y;

drabrkTI

TM e nrmi n :n . mY yeT[t TICaTI Rbzab´rbs´ esþ ccRkBtþi rEmgmi n cegÁ {teday kSRti y ¾ T aM g LayEdlmanskþ i Z M e sþ c mkehI y > rEmg:nOkas KW mancenø aH karcegÁ {txagenH ni gxagenH rEmgminmany¨agNa Rbkar enH k* d Ue cñ aHÉg TI E dlCaTI Rbzab´ rbs´RBHmanRBHPaK mi ncegÁ {t BYk eTvtaGñ kmanskþ i ZM ni gBY kRBhμ T aM gLaymkehIy kan´TI Rbzab´ rbs´ RBHmanRBHPaK rEmgmi n manTI c egÁ { t rEmg:nOkas KW TI T M e nr . :n»za BY k eTvtaTaM g Lay 10 Gg< x ø H 20 Gg< x ø H ni m i μ t Gtþ P aBotU c ehI y enAkñ ú g TI R tw m Etb¨ u n cu g eram kñ ú g TI C i t RBHmanRBHPaK k* m an . BY k eTvta 60 BY k :nQrenAxagmu x rbs´ e TvtaTaM g BY g .

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-251- Gdæ k fa stu l ø b ,kayi k vKÁ smysU R t TI 7 [118] bTza suTÆavaskayikanM ERbza RBhμEdlenAkñúgsuTÆavas . RBhμ e lak 5 Can´ EdlCaTI e nAénRBHGnaKamI ni g RBHxI NaRsBTaM g Lay eQμ a Hza su T Æ a vas . bTza ÉtTehasi ERbza BY k RBhμ m anesckþ I R ti H ri H . sY r za eRJHehtu G V I BY k RBhμ e TI b man esckþ I R ti H ri H . eqø I y za :n»za BY k RBhμ T aM g enaHcU l smabtþ i ni g ecjtamevlaEdlkM N t´ T u k

ehI y RkeLkemI l PBrbs´ R Bhμ T aM g -

Lay:neXIjsPaBTeT dUceragPtþkñúgevlaEdlbuK<lbriePaKehIy ‘kñ ú g evlaxageRkayénPtþ ’ eBlenaH eTI b Bi c arNaemI l za BY k RBhμ TaM genHeTANa RCabehIynUvsmaKmZMza smaKmenH BYkeyIgeday eRcI nRtÚv enAxageRkay ehIyk*Okasrbs´buK<lEdlmkeRkay rEmg rk:nedaylM : k eRJHdU e cñ a H BY k eyI g kaleTA k* n w g mi n eTAédTeT KY r EtgKazamY y Gg< > mY y Kaza sw m eTA BY k eyI g nw g oeKdw g nU v PaB EdlxøÜnmkehIykñúgsmaKmZM edayKazaenH nignwgeJlBN(naKuN rbs´ R BHTsBl

edayRbkardU e cñ H

esckþ I R ti H ri H enH

eTI b :nman

ehIy eRJHPav;énBYkRBhμTaMgenaHecjcaksmabtþi ehIyBicarNa .

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-252- sartßb,kasinI Gdækfa sMyutþnikay sKafvKÁÁ [118] RBH:lI z a PKveta bu r eta :tu r hM s u ERbesckþ I z a mkR:kdenAcM e JHmu x rbs´ R BHmanRBHPaK KW :ndl´ BY k RBhμ E dl eJlKaza kñ ú g smñ a k´ R BHmanRBHPaK dU c Zø a k´ c u H kñ ú g TI c M e JHmu x . k* esckþ I y ¨ a genHkñ ú g TI e nH

mi n Kb|I y l´ y ¨ a genaH

k* B Y k RBhμ T aM g enaH

taM g enAkñ ú g RBhμ e lakn@ u H Ég EtgKazaTaMgLayehIy mYyGg<cu HRtg´ kNþab´cRkvaLEpñkxagburtæimTis ‘TisxagekIt’ mYyGg<cuHRtg´kNþab´ cRkvaLEpñ kxagTk¡ i N ‘Tisxagt|Úg’ mYyGg<cu HRtg´ kNþab´cRkvaL Epñ k xagbcä i m ‘Ti s xagli c ’ mY y Gg< c u H Rtg´ k Nþ a b´ c RkvaLEpñ k xag ótþ r ‘Ti s xagótþ r ’ . lM d ab´ e naH RBhμ E dlenARtg´ N þ a b´ c RkvaLEpñ k xagbu r tæ i m Ti s cU l smabtþ i mannI l ksi N CaGarmμ N ¾ ehI y beJ© j rsμ I B N( e x[v júaMgeTvtakñúgmuWncRkvaLodwgEdlesckþIEdlxøÜnmkehIy dUcbuK<l Jk´ n U v Es|kseRmcehI y edayEkvmNI Zmμ t aza Bu T Æ v i z I Gñ k Na> k* m i n Gacnw g oéRkElgCag eRJHdU e cñ a H RBhμ e TI b mktamBu T Æ v i z I E dl xø Ü n mi n Gacknø g eTA zV a ybg< M R BHmanRBHPaKehI y :nQrkñ ú g TI s m

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-253- Gdæ k fa stu l ø b ,kayi k vKÁ smysU R t TI 7 KY r cM E Nkm¡ a g lu H Qrkñ ú g TI s mKY r ehI y k* : neBalnU v KazaEdlxø Ü n Etgmk . RBhμ m Y y Gg< EdlZø a k´ e nARtg´ k Nþ a b´ c RkvaLEpñ k xagTk¡ i N cU l smabtþ i manbI t ksi N CaGarmμ N ¾ beJ© j rsμ I B N( m as jú a M g BY k eTvta kñ ú g mu W n cRkvaLodw g nU v esckþ I E dlxø Ü n mkehI y dU c bu K < l dNþ b ´ s M B t´ B N( m as ehI y :neZV I d U c y¨ a genaHÉg ‘dU c Gg< m u n ’ . RBhμEdlenARtg´kNþab´cRkvaLEpñkxagbcäim cUlsmabtþi manelahi t ksi N CaGarmμ N ¾ ehI y beJ© j rsμ I B N( R khm jú a M g BY k eTvta kñ ú gmu W ncRkvaLodwgnUvesckþIE dlxøÜnmkehIy

dUcbuK< l rMukayeday

sM B t´ km¬ ld* RbesI rmanBN( Rkhm ehI y eZVIdUcy¨ agenaHÉg . RBhμ EdlenARtg´ k Nþ a b´ c RkvaLEpñ k xagótþ r

cU l smabtþ i O Tatksi N

ehIy beJ©jrsμ IB N(s júaM gBY keTvtakñú gmuWncRkvaLodwgnU v esckþI Edlxø Ü n mkehI y

dU c bu K < l dNþ b ´ p Þ a M g sM B t´ p , a mø i H

ehI y :neZV I d U c

y¨ a genaH dU c Kñ a . Etkñ ú g RBH:lI e Jlza kñ ú g RKaenaHÉg BY k eTvta 4 Gg<e naH :n:t´ GMB IB Y kRBhμCan´s uTÆ avas mkR:kdcM eJHRBHP&®kþ

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-254- sartßb,kasinI Gdækfa sMyutþnikay sKafvKÁÁ RBHmanRBHPaK

zV a ybg< M R BHmanRBHPaKehI y

:nQrkñ ú g TI s mKY r

m¡ag dUecñH hak´bIdUckñúgxN;EtmYyCamYyKñaTaMg 4 Gg< KWza esckþI R:kdcM eJHRBHP&®kþ pg zV aybg<M e hIy:nQrkñúgTI s mKYrm¡ agpg kar Bi t enaH RBhμ e naH:nR:kdehI y edaylM d ab´ tamEdleJlehI y enH elakeJleZV I o rY m Kñ a . k* k areJlKazarbs´ e TvtaTaM g 4 enaH sU m |I k ñ ú g RBH:lI elakk* e JlTu k epSg> Kñ a .

[120] bNþ a bTTaM g enaH bTza mhasmeya EkCa mhasmeha ERbza karRbCu M Z M . RBHmanRBHPaK RTg´ R tas´ e hAéRBZM z a dgeRsag . sUm|IedayJküTaMgBIrenH RBHmanRBHPaKk*Rtas´za kar RbCu M K ñ a KW karRbCu M Z M k ñ ú g dgéRBkñ ú g ézá e nH dU e cñ H . lM d ab´ e naH

edI m |I s Emþ g dl´ e TvtaEdlRbCu M K ñ a

eTI b eJlza

eTvkaya smaKta ERbza BY k eTvtamkRbCu M K ñ a ehI y . bNþ a JküTaM g enaH Jküza eTvkaya edaHRsayCa eTvXda ERbza BY k eTvta . bTza GKtmØ «mM Zmμ s myM ERbza BY k x\ ú M m k ehIykan´ T ICM n u M EdlRbkbedayZm(enH esckþIza eRJHeXIj BYkeTvta

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-255- Gdæ k fa stu l ø b ,kayi k vKÁ smysU R t TI 7 mkRbCu M K ñ a ehI y y¨ a genH sU m |I B Y k x\ ú M k * m kehI y kan´ T I R bCu M E dlRbkb edayZm( e nH . sY r za eRJHehtu G V I . eqø I y za eRJHedI m |I n w g eXI j RBHsg¹ Edlmarp© a j´ m i n :n . bTza Tk¡ i t eyv GbraCi t sM X M ERbza edI m |I e XI j GbraCi t sgÇ KW sgÇEdlmarp© a j´ m i n :n GZi b |ayza BY k x\ ú M m kehI y edI m |I nw g eXI j RBHsg¹EdlGñ k Na> p© a j´ m i n :n CaGñ k mans®g< a mEdl xø Ü n :njaM j I m arTaM g bI Q ñ H ehI y kñ ú g ézá e nHÉg . k* R Bhμ e naH RKaeJlKazaenHehI y zV a ybg< M R BHmanRBHPaK :nQrRtg´kNþab´cRkvaLEpñkxagburtæimTis . lMdab´enaH RBhμGg< TI B I r k* m kehI y edayn& y dU c eJlehI y enaHÉg :neJlKazaza tRt Pi k ¡ e va smaThM s u .eb. rk¡ n þ i bNÐ i t a ERbesckþ I z a Pi k ¡ ú T aM g Laykñ ú g TI R bCu M e naHtaM g maM e hI y :neZV I c i t þ r bs´ x ø Ü n oRtg´ e hI y Pi k ¡ ú TaM g BY g enaHCabNÐ i t rEmgrkSa«®nÞ i y TaM g Lay dU c naysarzI k an´ ExSbegØ { r dU e cñ a H . bNþ abTTaMgenaH bTza tRt Pik ¡e va edaHRsayCa tsμw snñi-

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-256- sartßb,kasinI Gdækfa sMyutþnikay sKafvKÁÁ :tdð a en Pi k ¡ Ú ERbza Pi k ¡ ú T aM g Laykñ ú g TI R bCu M e naH . bTza smaThMs u ERbza taM gci tþ maMehIy KW :ndl´ RbkbedaysmaZi . bTza Gtþ e na óCu k mkM s u ERbza :neZV I c i t þ r bs´ x ø Ü n oRtg´ e hI y GZi b |ay za lHbg´ e hI y nU v ci t þ T aM g BY g rbs´ x ø Ü n Edlekagmi n Rtg´ ehI y eZV I o Rtg´ . bTza sarzI v entþ a ni KehtV a ERbza naysarzI k an´ n U v ExSbr GZi b |ayza kalesHsi n Æ B rt´ e TAlÁ e hI y naysarzI G ñ k manCnø Ü j sM y ¨ u g cu H ehI y kan´ y kExSbrTaM g BY g mi n das´ e t]n mi n elI k eLI g nU v Cnø Ü j kan´ E xSbegØ { ry¨ a gmaM y¨ a gNa Pi k ¡ ú T aM g 500 rU b enH Rbkb edayqLg<úebk¡a manTVarEdlRKb´RKgehIy CabNÐit rEmgrkSa«®nÞiy TaM g Lay dU e cñ a H edayGakary¨ a genHÉg eTvtaTaM g LayeTI b eJl za bBi R tRBHmanRBHPaK BY k x\ ú M R BHGg< m kehI y kñ ú g TI e nH edI m |I e XI j Pi k¡ ú T aM g enaH . sU m|IeTvtaGg<e naHmkehIy k*Qrkñú gTIsmKY rn@u HÉg . lM d ab´ e naH RBhμ G g< T I b I k* m kehI y edayn& y dU c eJlehI y n@ u H Ég :neJlKazaza eqtV a xI l M eqtV a blI X M .eb. su s U naKa

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-257- Gdæ k fa stu l ø b ,kayi k vKÁ smysU R t TI 7 ERbza Pi k ¡ ú T aM g LayenaH kat´ b g´ n U v beg< a l KW raK; eTas; emah; kat´ n U v rnu k TV a r KW raK; eTas; emah; Kas´ r M e lI g nU v ssrex]necj ehI y mi n manesckþ I j ab´ j & r CaGñ k bri s u T Æ i R:scakmnÞ i l Edl RBHBu T Æ G ñ k manck¡ ú R Tg´ T U n μ a nlÁ e hI y CanaKkemø a HEtgRtac´ e TA . bNþ a bTTaM g enaH bTza eqtV a xI l M ERbza kat´ n U v beg< a l KW za kat´ r aK; eTas; ni g emah; EdldU c Cabeg< a l . bTza blI X M ERbza rnukTVar :ndl´ raK; eTas; nigemah;n@uHÉg dUcCarnukTaVr . bTza «nÞ x I l M ERbza ssrex]n :ndl´ raK; eTas; ni g emah;n@ u H Ég dU c Cassrex]n . bTza Ohc© m enCa ERbza mi n man esckþ I j ab´ j & r GZi b |ayza Pi k ¡ ú T aM g enHmi n manesckþ I j ab´ j & r eday esckþIjab´j&r KW tNØa CaGñkTajeLIgehIy dkeLIgehIynUvtNØa EdldU c ssrex]n . bTza et crnþ i ERbza Pi k ¡ ú T aM g enaHRtac´ e TA GZi b |ayza rEmgRtac´ c ari k eTAedaymi n eTI s Tak´ k ñ ú g Ti s TaM g 4 . bTza vi m la ERbza R:scakmnÞ i l KW mi n manmnÞ i l . Jküza R:scakmnÞilenH Caevvcn;rbs´Jküza CaGñkbrisuTÆiehIyenaHÉg .

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-258- sartßb,kasinI Gdækfa sMyutþnikay sKafvKÁÁ bTza ck¡ ú m a ERbza Gñ k manck¡ ú KW :ndl´ Gñ k manck¡ ú 5 . bTza su T nþ a ERbza TU n μ a nlÁ e hI y :ndl´ TU n μ a nehI y tam pø Ú v ck¡ ú x ø H pø Ú v esatxø H pø Ú v Xan;xø H pø Ú v Ci v Ø a xø H pø Ú v kayxø H ni g pø Ú v ci t þ xø H . bTza su s U naKa ERbza CanaKkemø a H :ndl´ CanaKCM T g´ . Kb|I R Cabvcntæ ; kñ ú g Jküza naK enaH dU e cñ H . qnÞ a TI h i n Kcä n þ I t i naKa CnBY k Na rEmgmi n lM e G[gedayGKti T aM g Lay man qnÞ aKtiC aedIm ehtue naH CnTaMgenaH eTIbeQμ aHza naKa . etn etn meK< n bhI e n ki e les n GaKcä n þ I t i naKa CnBY k Na rEmgmi n mk kan´ k i e lsTaM g Lay EdlmK< e naH> lHehI y ehtu e naHCnTaM g enaH eTI b eQμ a Hza naKa . nanb|karM GaKu M n keranþ I t i naKa CnBY k Na rEmgmi n eZV I k M h u s manRbkarepSg> ehtu e naH CnTaM g enaH eTI b eQμ a H za naKa . enHCaesckþ I s eg¡ b kñ ú g Jküza naK enH cM E Nkesckþ I Bi s þ a r Kb|I R Cabedayn& y EdleJlTu k kñ ú g mhani e TÞ s . mü¨ a geT[t Kb|I R Cabesckþ I y ¨ a genHkñ ú g TI e nHza bu K < l rEmgmi n eZV I e sckþ I G aRkk´ rEmgmi n Cab´ k ñ ú g eRK}gcg EdlRbkbTu k kñ ú g elak

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-259- Gdæ k fa stu l ø b ,kayi k vKÁ smysU R t TI 7 y¨ a gNa> kñ ú g TI T aM g BY g CaGñ k rY c pu t ehI y elakehAbu K < l enaHzaCa naK KW CaGñ k mi n jab´ j & r . kñ ú g bTza su s U n aKa enH GZi b |ayza naKkemøaH dl´ ehI ynU vsmabtþi énPav;CanaK; dU e cñ H . BY keTvtaTaMg enaH eJlza bBiRtRBHmanRBHPaK BY kx\úM RBHGg< mkehI y edIm|I eXI j naKkemøaH EdlGacarüEbbenHTUnμanehIy sUm|IRBhμGg<enaH k*:neTA Qrkñ ú g TI s mKY r n@ u H Ég . lM d ab´ e naH RBhμ G g< T I 4 mkehI y edayn& y dU c eJlehI y n@ u H Ég :neJlKazaza eyekci Bu T Æ M srNM Ktaes CaedI m ERb esckþ I z a CnBY k NamY y dl´ e hI y nU v RBHBu T Æ C asrN; CnTaM g enaH nw g mi n eTAkan´ G :yPU m i lu H lHbg´ r agkayEdlCarbs´ m nu s SehI y nw g eTAbM e Bjkñ ú g BY k eTvtami n xan . bNþ a bTTaM g enaH bTza Ktaes ERbza dl´ e hI y :ndl´ dl´ s rNKmn¾ EdlR:scakesckþ I s gS& y . sU m |I R Bhμ e naH k* :nQrkñ ú g TI s mKY r n@ u H Ég dU e cñ H Ég .

cb;Gdækfa smysURtTI 7 3

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-260- sartßb,kasinI Gdækfa sMyutþnikay sKafvKÁÁ G dð k za skli k sU R tTI 8 Kb|I R Cabvi n i c ä & y kñ ú g skli k sU R tTI 8 teTA ?

[124] bTza mTÞ k u c ä i :ndl´ sY n EdlmaneQμ a Hy¨ a genH . Bi t Nas´ sY n enaHkalRBH:TGCatstþ ú e kI t kñ ú g KP( e hI y RBHmata rbs´ R BH:TGCatstþ ú e naH manesckþ I R :zñ a nw g oKP( Z ø a k´ e TA eday RTg´Rti Hri Hza KP(E dlenAkñ ú gépÞrbs´ eyIgenH nwgCasRtÚ v rbs´ RBHraCa nw g manRbeyaCn¾ G V I e dayKP( e nH dU e cñ H eTI b oTmø a yKP( k ñ ú g sY n enaH eRJHehtu e naH sY n enaH eTI b eQμ a Hza mTÞ k u c ä i dU e cñ H . k* é RBEdl elakehAza mi K Tay eRJHéRBenaH RBHraCaRBHraCTanedI m |I e sckþ I rY c pu t P& y énRmw K TaM g Lay . kñ ú g bTza k* e daysm& y enaHÉg enH CaGnu b u B V i k za KW vacaCaeRK}geJlGM B I l M d ab´ . k* R BHeTvTtþ G aRs& y RBH:TGCatstþ ú e hI y sU m |I b J¢ Ú n nay xμ a n´ Z ñ Ú T aM g Lay ni g dM r I Z n:lcM e JHeTA k* m i n GaceZV I G nþ r aydl´ C I v i t

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-261- Gdæ k fa stu l ø b ,kayi k vKÁ skli k sU R t TI 8 rbs´ RBHtzaKt:n eTIbKitza eyIgnwgjúaM gRBHtzaKtosø ab´eday édrbs´e yIg dUe cñ H eLI gkan´PñMKiCÄkU d ehIy elIksilaZM RbmaNb¨un pÞHkMBUlRKEvgeTA edayKitza RBHsmNeKatm cUrEbkexÞcxÞI dUecñH . :n»za RBHeTvTtþ e naHmankmø a M g eRcI n RTRTg´ k mø a M g esμ I n w g dM r I R :M . k* ÉGnþ rayénCI v i trbs´ RBHBuTÆ T aM gLay EdlnwgKb|ImanedayesckþI Büayamrbs´ b u K < l déT RbkarenaHCaGfan; KW Cavtæ ú E dlRbRBw t þ e TA mi n :n eRJHdU e cñ a H si l adéTeTI b taM g eLI g kñ ú g Gakas ehI y TTY l si l adu M e naH EdlmktRmg´ R BHsrI r ;rbs´ R BHtzaKt . bM E NkpÞ a M g zμ d * ZM taM geLIgehI y eRJHsil aTaMgBIrb¨HxÞb´Kña eTI bxÞ ateTARtÚv xagcu g énxñ g RBH:Trbs´ R BHmanRBHPaK . RBH:Tmanelahi t Bu r BgeLI g eRb{bdU c RtÚ v RbharedayBU e zAZM eRb{bdU c RClk´ e dayTw k l& k ¡ . RBHmanRBHPaKRTg´ e qμ { gRBHenRteTAxagelI

ehI y :nRtas´

cM e JHPi k ¡ ú e TvTtþ z a Gñ k Namanci t þ R bTU s ra¨ y ehI y manci t þ s mø a b´ eZV I e lahi t rbs´ t zaKtotaM g eLI g ‘oBu r Bg’ mñ a lemaXbu r s Gñ k enaHRbsBV v tæ ú Edlmi n Emnbu N üCaeRcI n dU e cñ H taM g BI e naHmkkarmi n

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-262- sartßb,kasinI Gdækfa sMyutþnikay sKafvKÁÁ pasu x ekI t eLI g ehI y dl´ R BHmanRBHPaK . BY k Pi k ¡ ú K i t za vi h arenH CaTITYl minrabesμI minsmKYrdl´CncMnYneRcIn mankSRtiy¾CaedIm nig dl´ bBV Ci tTaM g Lay . Pik¡ú T aMg enaH eTI bCY yKñ aEsgRBHtzaKteday ERKtU c naM e TAkan´ s Y n eQμ a Hza mTÞ k u c ä i . edayehtuenaHÉg RBHGannÞ e tæ r eTI b eJlza k* e daysm& y enaHÉg RBH:Trbs´ R BHd* m anRBHPaK Tg< i c edaybM E Nkzμ e hI y . bTza PUs a ERbza eRcI n KW mankmøaM g éRkElg . bTza suT M Rtw m Et Cani : t . bTza Tu k ¡ a ERbza lM : k :ndl´ mi n manesckþ I s u x . bTza ti B V a ERbza xø a M g kø a :ndl´ maneRcI n . bTza xra ERbza rw g :ndl´ eRKatRKat . bTza kduka ERbza mi n sb|ay :ndl´ CaTu k ¡ x ø a M g kø a . bTza Gasata ERbza mi n sb|ay :ndl´ mi n rI k ray . eQμ a Hza RTg´ m i n sb|ay eRJHGtæ z a ci t þ r EmgEnbni t kñ ú g Garmμ N ¾ T aM g enaH GarmμN¾B YkenaH min júaM gcitþoEqÁ ts,b´s ,l ´ KW mi n oceRmI n . bTza setasm|Caena ERbza manRBHsti s m|CJ¦ ; :ndl´ CaGñ k RbkbedayRBHsti ni g sm|CJ¦ ; Gt´ R TaM k ñ ú g evTna .

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-263- Gdæ k fa stu l ø b ,kayi k vKÁ skli k sU R t TI 8 bTza Gvi h Ba¦ m aenabi ERbza RTg´ m i n lM : k KW mi n RtÚ v eb[teb[n mi n lu H kñ ú g kan´ G M N acénevTnaTaM g LayEdlRbRBw t þ e TA . kñ ú g bTza sI h esyüM enH :ndl´ karedk 4 y¨ a g KW kamePaKI e syüa KW karedkrbs´ G ñ k manRbRktI e sBkam . ebtesyüa

KW karedkrbs´ e Rbt .

sI h esyüa

KW karedkrbs´ s I h ; .

tzaKtesyüa

KW karpÞ M r bs´ R BHtzaKt .

kñ ú g karedkTaM g 4 enaH karedk EdlRBHmanRBHPaKRtas´ Tu k za mñ a lPi k ¡ ú T aM g Lay stV G ñ k bri e PaKkam edayeRcI n rEmgedk xageqV g ‘epÁ {geqV g’ enHeQμaHza kamePaKIe syüa . BitNas´ kñú g bNþastVEdlbriePaKkamTaMgenaH eQμaHza karedkxagsþaM ‘epÁ{gsþaM’ manmi n eRcI n . karedkEdlRBHmanRBHPaK Rtas´ T u k za mñ a lPi k ¡ ú T aM g Lay eRbtTaM g Lay edayeRcI n rEmgedkpá a r enHeQμ a Hza ebtesyüa . Bi t ehI y eRbtTaM g Lay rEmgmi n GacedkepÁ { gm¡ a g:n eRJHxø Ü n man

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-264- sartßb,kasinI Gdækfa sMyutþnikay sKafvKÁÁ sac´ ni gQamti c eRJHCaGñ kmanqÁwgrKI mrKam eTIbedkpáarb¨u e NÑ aH . karedk EdlRBHmanRBHPaKRtas´ T u k za mñ a lPi k ¡ ú T aM g Lay sI h mi KraC edayeRcI nykknÞú yrbs´xøÜ n cUl eTAkñú gcenø a HeCIg ehIy edkepÁ { gxagsþ a M enHeQμ a Hza sI h esyüa . Bi t ehI y sI h mi K raC manGM NaceRcIn kalnwgedk k*dak´e CI gmu x 2 Tu kkEnø gmYy dak´ e CIg 2 eRkayTu k kEnø g mY y ehI y ykknÞ ú y dak´ T u k cenø a H kM N t´ O kas Edldak´ e CI g mu x eCI g eRkay ni g knÞ ú y eTI b dak´ s I s ;elI e CI g mu x TaM g BIrehIyedk sUm|IedkeBlézá kalPáak´k*mintk´søút KWza elIksIs; eLI g

kM N t´ O kasEdldak´ e CI g mu x CaedI m

ebI G V I >

taM g xu s RbRktI

k* m i n manci t þ r I k ray nw g mi n sb|ayza ehtu e nH mi n smKY r dl´ C ati rbs´ x ø Ü n TaMgmi n smKYrdl´PaBCaGñkkø ahan dUe cñH karedky¨agenaH mi n RBmeTArkGahar k* b u ¨ E nþ kalGvyv; maneCI g mu x CaedI m taM g Tu k er[bry k* m anci t þ r I k rayza ehtu e naH smKY r dl´ C ati r bs´ x ø Ü n nw g smKY r dl´ P aBCaGñ k kø a han eRkakeLI g Bt´ k ayEbbraCsI h ¾ rlas´ eram bnø W s I h naT ehI y k* e cjeTAeKacr ‘rkGahar’ . karedkkñ ú g

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-265- Gdæ k fa stu l ø b ,kayi k vKÁ skli k sU R t TI 8 RbePTTI 4 Rtas´ e hAza tzaKtesyüa . kñ ú g karedkTaM g 4 enaH karedkdU c sI h ;mkkñ ú g sU R tenH . Bi t ehI y karedkenH eQμ a Hza karedkd* ó tþ m eRJHkaredkenaH Ca«ri y abzEdlmanGM N aceRcI n . bTza :eT bTM :ndl´ dak´ e CI g eqV g elI e CI g sþ a M . bTza Gc© a Zay ERbza RtÜ t eCI g KW keCI g b¨ H xÞ b ´ n w g keCI g Cg< g ´ b ¨ H xÞ b ´ n w g Cg< g ´ e vTna rEmgekIter]y> citþmintaMgmaM karedkk*minCasux KWza karedk rEmg mi nCab´ tKñ a karel[neCI gehIydak´y¨agenH evTna rEmgmin ekI t citþ rEmgtaM g maM eRJHdU e cñ a H eTI b edky¨ a genH . bTza seta sm|Caena :ndl´ mansti s m|CJ¦ ; kM N t´ k ñ ú g karedk . k* b Tza ódð a nsBa¦ M ERbza manesckþ I s m< a l´ k ñ ú g kareRkakeLI g enH elakmi n :n eJlTu kkñ ú gTI e nH . k* karseRmcsIhesyüarbs´ RBHtzaKtenaH Ca karpÞ M e RJHRbQY n . RKaenaHÉg kalbfmyamknø g eTAehI y BY k eTvtastu l ø b |kayi k a 7 ryGg< manvNÑ ; lÁ jú a M g sY n mTÞ k u c ä i T aM g mU l oPø W cU l eTAKal´ R BHmanRBHPaK zV a ybg< M e hI y :nQrkñ ú g TI d* s mKY r mY y bTza stþ s ta ERbza 7 ry KW eTvtaTaM g Gs´ e naH

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-266- sartßb,kasinI Gdækfa sMyutþnikay sKafvKÁÁ kñ úgRBHsU RtenH mkkan´T I CaTIpÞM e RBaHRbQY n . bTza óTanM óTaensi ERbza :nbnø W ó Tan :ndl´ BY k eTvtaGñ k mkkan´ T I p Þ M R bQY n ehI y k* m aneTamnsSn@ u HÉg :nEzø gehIy GZib|ayza k*B YkeTvtaTaM genaH eXI j esckþ I G t´ s g, t ´ c M e JHevTnarbs´ R BHtzaKtehI y eTI b bnø W ó Tan za O!RBHBuT ÆT aM gLaymanGanuPaBeRcI n kalevTnaEbbenHRbRBwtþ e TA ehI y sU m |I R tw m Etkarzá Ú r k* m i n :nman RTg´ p Þ M e dayRBHvrkayEdl mi n jab´ j & r eRb{bdU c rU b EdlseRmcedaymas Edlbu K < l Rbdab´ ehI y taM g Tu k elI T I e dkd* m ansi r I «LÚ v enH RBHsrI r ;rbs´ R BHmanRBHPaK rEmgru g er]géRkElg dU c RBHcnÞ e Bjvg´ s m|Ú r N¾ e dayrsμ I RBHP& ® kþ r bs´ R BHmanRBHPaKk* R ss´ l Á dU c p, a bTu m kM B u g rI k kñ ú g xN; enH sU m |I v NÑ ; énRBHvrkayk* z ø a pU r pg´ dU c masEdlrM l aylÁ e hI y dU e cñ H .

[126] k* k ñ ú g bTza naeKa vt ePa ERbza RBHsmNeKatmd* ceRmI n CanaKhñ @ enHCaJküehARBHmanRBHPaKedayZm( . GZi b|ay za eQμ a Hza naK eRJHGtæ z a mankmø a M g . bTza naK vta EkCa

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-267- Gdæ k fa stu l ø b ,kayi k vKÁ skli k sU R t TI 8 naKPaevn ERbza eRJHPav;CanaK; . kñ ú g RKaenaHÉg eTvtadéTeT[t :nbnø W ó TanenH kñ ú g smñ a k´ R BHmanRBHPaKza RBHsmNeKatm RTg´ CasI h ;hñ @ Ç ÇÇ RBHsmNeKatm RTg´ C aGaCaenyühñ @ Ç ÇÇ RBHsmNeKatm RTg´ C ani s P;hñ @ Ç ÇÇ RBHsmNeKatm RTg´ C aeZaryØ h ñ @ Ç ÇÇ RBH smNeKatm RTg´ C aGñ k Tnþ h ñ @ Ç ÇÇ .

[127] Kb|IRCabvinicä&ykñúgbTza sIeha vt CaedIm eQμaHza sI h ; eRJHGtæ z a CaGñ k mi n tk´ s ø ú t . eQμ a Hza GaCaenyü eRJH Gtæ z a bdi b tþ i e dayesckþ I q ø a tQø a s ßeRJHdw g dl´ e htu . eQμ a Hza ni s P; KW CaGñ k Gg´ G ac eRJHGtæ z a rkGñ k eRb{besμ I m i n :n . Bi t Nas´ eKaósu P ;CastV R besI r CaRbZankñ ú g hV Ú g éneKamY y ry eKa GasP; CastV R besI r bM p u t CaRbZankñ ú g hV Ú g éneKamY y Jn´ ni s P; bNÐiteJlza CastVRbesIrbMputCaghVÚgéneKamYyEsn . k*RBHman RBHPaKRTg´ b di J ¦ a KW TTY l PaBGasPfan ‘fan;d* R besI r ’ eRJHGtæ za rkGñ k eRb{besμ I m i n :n . kñ ú g TI e nH eTvtaeJlJküza ni s P; s& B Þ edayGtæ e naHÉg . eQμ a Hza eZaryØ ; eRJHGtæ z a naM Z u r ;eTA .

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-268- sartßb,kasinI Gdækfa sMyutþnikay sKafvKÁÁ eQμ a Hza Tnþ ; eRJHGtæ z a mankaresBKb´ x u s eTAR:sehI y .

[132] bTza bsS ERbza cU r emI l :ndl´ CaJkübg< a b´ Edlmi n mankM N t´ . bTza smaZw :ndl´ smaZikñú gGrhtþ pl . bTza suv im ut þi ERbza rY c pu t lÁ e hI y :ndl´ rY c pu t lÁ e hI y edaykarrY c pu t rbs´ plci t þ . mY y eT[t ci t þ R bRBw t þ e TAtamraK; RBHsmNeKatm mi n o begÁ aneTAehI y ni gci tþ RbRBwtþ eTAtameTas; RBHsmNeKatm mi n o RtLb´ mk eTvtaeJlza mi nobegÁa neTAcMeJHehI y nigmi noRtLb´ mk eRJHmi n manci t þ T aM g BI r enaH . bTza n c ssg¡ a rni K < y Ø cari t vtM :ndl´ RtÚ v RKbsg, t ´ RtÚ v hamki e lsTaM g LayEdlRbRBw t þ e TACamY y sm|eyaK Edlnw g RbRBw t þ e TACamY y sg¡ a r KW ci t þ t aM g maM RbRBw t þ e TACamY y yplsmaZi eRJHelakkm© a t´ k i e lsTaM g LayehI y . bTza Gti k , m i t BV M ERbza CaGñ k Edlxø Ü n Kb|I k nø g KW z a Kb|I C aGñ k Edlxø Ü n RKbsg, t ´ : n Edl xø Ü n Kb|I e b[teb[n:n . bTza GTsSna :ndl´ mi n manjaN Bi t

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-269- Gdæ k fa stu l ø b ,kayi k vKÁ skli k sU R t TI 8 Nas´

bu K < l Edlmi n manjaN

k* C aGnÆ B alb¨ u e NÑ a H

.

Jküza

ÉvrU e b stæ r i G breCÄyü esckþ I z a eTvtaTaM g Lay rEmgeJlti H ed[lPi k ¡ ú e TvTtþ z a kalRBHsasþ a manKu N EbbenH elakenAeZV I G nþ ray:n dU e cñ H . bTza bBa© e vTa ERbza manevT 5 :ndl´ CaGñ k RTRTg´ T u k nU v evTTaM g Lay man«ti h asevTCaTI 5 ‘KW e sckþ I d w g pø Ú v RbéBNI C aTI 5’ . bTza stM smM EkCa vsSstM ERbza mY y ry qñ a M . bTza tbsSI ERbza mantb; :ndl´ GaRs& y tb; . bTza crM EkCa crnþ a ERbza RbRBw t þ e TA . bTza n smμ a vi m u t þ M ERbza mi n rY c pu t edayRbéB GZi b |ayza sU m |I R Jhμ N ¾ T aM g LayEbbenH RbRBw tþ v tþGs´mY yryqñaM sU m|IdUecñ aH citþ rbs´ RJhμN¾ enaH k* m i n rY c pu t edayRbéB . bTza hI n tþ r U : n :rM Kma et ERbza RJhμ N ¾ T aM g enaH manrU b d* G aRkk´ rEmgmi n dl´ e RtI y GZi b |ayza RJhμ N ¾ T aM g enaH mansPaBCaGñ k eZV I x ø Ü n ezakTab rEmgmi n dl´ R BHni B V a n . RBH:lI z a hI n tæ r U : dU e cñ H k* m an GZi b |ayza RJhμ N ¾ T aM g enaH manCati E dl

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-270- sartßb,kasinI Gdækfa sMyutþnikay sKafvKÁÁ GaRkk´

manRbeyaCn¾ s absU n üCu M v i j ehI y

.

bTza

KNØ a Zi b nñ a

EkCa tNØ a y GeCÄatæ t a ERbza RJhμ N ¾ T aM g enaH CaGñ k EdlRtÚ v tNØ a RKbsg, t ´ e hI y . bTza vtþ s I l BTÆ a ERbza Cab´ C M J k´ e day sI l ni g vtþ GZi b |ayza RJhμ N ¾ T aM g enaH CaGñ k Edlvtþ T aM g Lay mankarRbRBw t þ d U c BEB ni g RbRBw t þ d U c su n xCaedI m ni g sI l TaM g Lay enaHÉgcgTu k ehI y . bTza lU x M tbM ERbza tb;EdlesAhμ g :n dl´ tb;Edlmanesckþ I e Bjci t þ k ñ ú g kareZI V t b; 5 y¨ a g mankaredk elI b nø a CaedI m . «LÚ v enH eTvtaenaH kalnw g eJldl´ d l´ s asna Cani y üani k Zm( eTI b eJlJküza n mankamsS CaedI m . JküenaH man n& y :neJlTu k ehI y nu @ H Ég .

cb;Gdækfa skliksURtTI 8 3

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-271- Gdæ k fa stu l ø b ,kayi k vKÁ bzmbC¢ ú n ñ F I t u s U R t TI 9 G dð k za bfmbC¢ ú n ñ Z I t u s U R tTI 9 Kb|I R Cabvi n i c ä & y kñ ú g bfmbC¢ ú n ZI t u s U R tTI 9 teTA ?

[133] bTza bC¢ ú n ñ s SZI t a ERbza ZI t arbs´ e sþ c bC¢ ú n ñ e TvraC GZi b |ayza ZI t arbs´ e sþ c catu m μ h araCi k a EdlCaeTvraCrbs´ vsSvlahk eQμ a Hza esþ c bC¢ ú n ñ e TvraC . bTza GPi v enÞ ERbza rEmgzV a ybg< M GZi b |ayza bBi R tRBH manRBHPaK nagx\ ú M m © a s´ sU m zV a ybg< M R BHyu K l:Trbs´ R BHGg< .

[134] bTza ck¡úmta ERbza Gñkmanck¡ú GZib|ayza eTBZIta eJlza su n Þ r vcn;za Zm( E dlRBHtzaKtGñ k manck¡ ú edayck¡ ú ‘ck¡ ú 5 KW mM s ck¡ ú ç Ti B V c k¡ ú ç bJ¦ a ck¡ ú ç Bu T Æ c k¡ ú ni g smnþ c k¡ ú ’ 5 Rtas´ d w g ehI y x\ ú M m © a s´ :n»ehI y kñ ú g smñ a k´ é nCnBY k déTEtmü¨ a gb¨ u e NÑ a H . bTza

sahM Tani kat´ b TCa sa GhM « Tani ERbza x\ ú M m © a s´ dU e cñ a HÇÇÇ

kñ ú g kal«LÚ v enH . bTza sk¡ i Canami ERbza rEmgdw g c|as´ KW z a

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-272- sartßb,kasinI Gdækfa sMyutþnikay sKafvKÁÁ rEmgdw g c|as´ e dayGM N acénkarcak´ Z ø ú H . bTza vKrhnþ a ERbza ti H ed[l KW :ndl´ ti H ed[ly¨ a genHza Zm( e nHmanbTénGk¡ r ; ni g BüJ¢ n ;mi n Rtw m RtÚ v ßza Zm( e nHmi n Cani y üani k ; . bTza eraru v M ERb za eraru v nrk GZi b |ayza eraru v nrk man 2 KW ZU m eraru v nrk ni g Caleraru v nrk . kñ ú g nrk 2 enaH ZU m eraru v nrk mankñ ú g cM E NkmY y k* J küza Caleraru v nrkenaH CaeQμ a Hrbs´ G vi c I m hanrk . eRJHza kñ ú g eraru v nrkenaH kalePø I g eqHsenÆ a senÆ A ehI y stV T aM g Lay rEmg ERskRTehayM e r]y> eRJHdU e cñ a H nrkenaH elakeTI b ehAza eraru v ; dU e cñ H . bTza eXarM ERbza kac :ndl´ eXaeXA . bTza xnþ i y a óbsemn óebta ERbza Gñ k Rbkbedayesckþ I Gt´ Z n´ ni g esckþ I s á b ´ GZi b |ayza kaleBjci t þ e hI y kalGt´ Z n´ ehI y eTI b eQμ a Hza RbkbehI y edayxnþ i ni g esckþ I s á b ´ c akki e ls manraK;CaedI m dU e cñ H Ég .

cb;Gdækfa bzmbC¢únñF Itus URtTI 9 3

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-273- Gdæ k fa stu l ø b ,kayi k vKÁ Tu t i y bC¢ ú n ñ F I t u s U R t TI 10 G dð k za Tu t i y bC¢ ú n ñ Z I t u s U R tTI 10 Kb|I R Cabvi n i c ä & y kñ ú g Tu t i y bC¢ ú n ñ Z I t u s U R tTI 10 teTA ?

[135] bTza ZmμM c GZib|ayza ZItarbs´esþcbC¢únñeTvraC eQμ a H cu l ekaknTa eJlza x\ ú M m © a s´ m kkñ ú g TI e nH zV a ybgM < n U v RBHrtnRt& y KW nU v RBHsg¹pg edayJküza c s& B Þ KW z a nU v RBHBu T Æ RBHZm( RBHsg¹ . bTza Gtæ v tI ERbza manRbeyaCn¾ . bTza Bhunabi exa tM esckþ Iza :ndl´ eTBZItaeQμ aH culekaknTaenaH :neJlZm( N a sU m |I Z m( e naH x\ ú M m © a s´ k * K b|I E ck:nedaybri y ay eRcI n . bTza taTi e sa Zemμ a ERbza Zm( e naH GZi b |ayza eTBZI t a eQμ a H cu l ekaknTa rEmgsEmþ g za bBi R tRBHmanRBHPaK k* Z m( e nH mankartaM g enAy¨ a genaH mancM E NkeRb{bpÞ w m :nlÁ CaZm( K Y r dl´ k ar Eckedaybri y ayTaM g LayeRcI n dU e cñ H . bTza lbyi s Sami EkCa kzyi s Sami GZi b |ayza eTBZI t a

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-274- sartßb,kasinI Gdækfa sMyutþnikay sKafvKÁÁ cu l ekaknTa eJlza Zm( E dlx\ ú M m © a s´ s i k Saedayci t þ manRbmaN b¨ u n Na KW z a Zm( m anRbmaNeRcI n Rtw m Na Edlx\ ú M m © a s´ e r[nedayci t þ nwgmineJldl´RbeyaCn¾rbs´Zm(enaHrhUtdl´Gs´mYyézá KW nwgeJl edayseg¡b RtwmEtmYyEPøtb¨ueNÑaH dUcbuK<leb[teb[nsMbukXμúM dUecñaH . Jküd*e ss manesckþ IgayTaM gGs´ enaHÉg .

cb;Gdækfa TutiybC¢únñF Itus URtTI 10 cb;stuløbkayikvKÁT I 4 3 rY m kñ ú g vK< T I 4

man 10 Gdækfa KW -GdækfasBÖis URt - Gdækfamcäris URt - GdækfasaFus URt - Gdækfansnþis URt - Gdækfa]CÄansBaØis URt - GdækfasT§asURt - GdækfasmysURt - Gdækfasklik sURt - GdækfabzmbC¢úF Itus URt - GdækfaTutiybC¢únFItus URt {;|

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-275- Gdæ k fa GaTi t þ v KÁ GaTi t þ s U R t TI 1 GaTitþvK<TI 5 G dð k za GaTi t þ s U R tTI 1 Kb|I R Cabvi n i c ä & y kñ ú g GaTi t þ s U R tTI 1 teTA ?

[138] bTza Cray mreNn c enH CaRbZanéneTsna GZib|ayza elak KW BYkstVRtÚvePøIgTaMgLay 11 kg ‘ePøIg 11 kg KW raK;ç eTas;ç emah;ç Cati ç Craç mrN;ç esak;ç bri e Tv;ç Tu k ¡ ç eTamnsSç ó:yas’ manraK;CaedIm du teralehI yenaHÉg . bTza Taenn :ndl´ ectnakñ ú g karoTan . bTza Ti n ñ M ehati su n I B Ö t M esckþ Iza ectnaEdlCabu N ükñúgkaro rEmgmandl´Taykn@u HÉg dUc vtæ úE dlm©as´ pÞ HnaM e cjehI y eRBaHehtuenaH elakeTIbeJlza ecara hrnþ i GZi b |ayza kalePaK;Edlxø Ü n mi n :no sU m |I e carTaM g Lay k* b ø n ´ : n sU m |I R BHraCaTaM g Laynw g rw b GU s :n sU m |I e Pø I g k* e qH:n ß

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-276- sartßb,kasinI Gdækfa sMyutþnikay sKafvKÁÁ Gnþ r ZaneTA sU m |I k ñ ú g TI E dlxø Ü n rkSaTu k ehI y . bTza Genþ n ERbza edaykarsø a b´ . bTza srI r M sbri K < h M GZi b |ayza ragkay ni g ePaK;mi nvi n aseTAedayGMNacénGnþrayTaMgLay manecarCaedIm . bTza sK<muebti GZib|ayza rEmgekItkñúgsYK( dUcsaZuCnTaMgLay manRBHevsSnþ r CamharaCCaedI m .

cb;Gdækfa GaTitþs URtTI 1 3

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-277- Gdæ k fa GaTi t þ v KÁ ki n Þ T sU R t TI 2 G dð k za ki n Þ T sU R tTI 2 Kb|I R Cabvi n i c ä & y kñ ú g ki n Þ T sU R tTI 2 teTA ?

[140] bTza GnñeTa GZib|ayza buK<lsUm|ImankmøaMgeRcIn Etmi n :nbri e PaKGahareRcI n ézá ‘BI r -bI é zá ’ k* m i n Gacnw g eRkakeLI g cM E Nkbu K < l Edlmankmø a M g exSay :nbri e PaKGaharehI y k* r Emg dl´ R Bmedaykmø a M g :n

ehtu N a

eRJHehtu e naH

eTI b Rtas´ z a bu K < l oGahar eQμ a Hza okmø a M g

RBHmanRBHPaK dU e cñ H

.

bTza

vtæ e Ta GZi b |ayza bu K < l sU m |I m anrU b lÁ EtmansM B t´ e sμ a keRKak dU c sM B t´ R blak´ ßmi n mansM B t´ rEmgCabu K < l KY r ex¬ I m RtÚ v Rbmaz emI l gay mi n KY r emI l . bu K < l mansM B t´ b i T :M g lÁ e hI y rEmglÁ eRb{bdUceTvbu Rt ehtuNa eRJHehtu enaH RBHmanRBHPaK eTI bRtas´ za bu K < l osM B t´ eQμ a Hza ovNÑ ; dU e cñ H . bTza yaneTa :n dl´ yanTaMgLay manhtæi yan ‘yandMrI’ CaedIm k*bu¨ E nþ za kñú gbNþa

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-278- sartßb,kasinI Gdækfa sMyutþnikay sKafvKÁÁ yanTaM g enaH yandM r I yanesH rEmgmi n smKY r dl´ s mN; karo eTAedayrzk*minsmKYrdUcKña yanEdlsmKYrdl´smN; k*KW Es|k eCI g sRmab´ s mN;Gñ k rkSanU v sI l xnÆ eRJHdU e cñ a H bu K < l oEs|k eCI g eQI R ct´ d l´ m nu s Scas´ ERK taM g mY y eT[t bu K < l Na rEmg CRmHpø Ú v rEmgeZV I C eNþ I r rEmgeZV I s ¬ a n rEmgoTU k sU m |I T aM g Gs´ e nH k* e Qμ a Hza oyandU c Kñ a . bTza su x eTa ehati KW eQμ a Hza o esckþ Is ux k* e RJHnaMesckþIs ux kñú gyanmko . bTza ck¡úe Ta ehati GZi b|ayza oRbTI b eKamePøI g eQμ aHza ock¡ú eRJHbuK< l TaM gLay sUm|ImanEPñkk*minGacemIleXIjkñúgTIggwt:n GñkoRbTIb eKamePøIg enaH rEmg:nsU m |I k ardl´ R BménTi B V c k¡ ú dU c RBHGnu r u T Æ e tæ r . bTza sBV e Ta ehati GZi b |ayza Gñ k ovtæ ú R Kb´ y ¨ a g dU c EdleJlehI y n@ u H Ég KW mankarokmø a M g CaedI m KW z a kalPi k ¡ ú R tac´ biNÐ:teTABIr bIRsúkmin:nGVI> mkehIykþI kalgUtTwkkñúgRsHe:k¡rNIEdlRtCak´ ehI y cU l eTAkan´ T I s RmakGaRs& y edkkñ ú g ERKmY y EPø t ehI y eRkak eLI g mkGg< ú y kþ I rEmg:nkmø a M g eRb{bdU c bu K < l déTnaM m kdak´ o kñ ú g

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-279- Gdæ k fa GaTi t þ v KÁ ki n Þ T sU R t TI 2 ragkay . k* bu K< lRtac´e TAkñú g xageRkA BN(sm|úrkayrEmgesAhμg edayxül´ nigkMedAézá kalcUleTAkan´TIsRmakGaRs&y biTTVarehIy edkRtwmEtmYyEPøt esckþIbnþénvisPaK;rEmgcUleTAsáb´rmáab´ esckþI bnþ é nsPaK;rEmgQancu H

rEmg:nBN( s m|ú r

eRb{bdU c bu K < l naM

mkTu k o . k* k albu K < l Rtac´ e TAxageRkA bnø a rEmgmu t dg< t ´ e QI rEmgb¨ H xÞ b ´ Gnþ r ayTaM g Lay manBs´ C aedI m ni g ecarP& y rEmgekI t eLIg kalcUleTAkan´ T IsRmakGaRs&y biT TVaredkehIy Gnþ rayTaMg Gs´ e naHrEmgmi n man kalsV a ZüayehI y bI t i ni g esckþ I s u x kñ ú g Zm( rEmgekI t eLI g kaleZV I k mμ d ð a nTu k kñ ú g ci t þ e hI y esckþ I s u x sá b ´ r Emg ekI t eLI g kalbu K < l Rtac´ e TAxageRkAejI s TaM g Lay rEmghU r ecj EPñ k TaM g BI r rEmgRsvM a g kñ ú g evlaEdlcU l eTAkan´ e snasn; eRb{b dU c CaZø a k´ c u H eTAkñ ú g reNþ A ERK ni g taM g rEmgmi n R:kd k* k albu K < l edksRmakRtw m EtmY y EPø t PaBzø a pU r pg´ é nEPñ k k* n w g man:n eRb{b dU c Cabu K < l naM m kTu k Rtg´ R behagxül´ T V a r bgÁ Ü c ni g ERK taM g rEmg R:kd edayehtue naH RBHmanRBHPaKeTIbRtas´za esa c sBVT eTa

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-280- sartßb,kasinI Gdækfa sMyutþnikay sKafvKÁÁ ehati eya TTati óbsSyM ERbza k* b u K < l Na oTI s RmakGaRs& y bu K < l enaH eQμ a Hza ovtæ ú R Kb´ y ¨ a g dU e cñ H . bTza GmtM TeTa c esa ehati GZi b |ayza kalbu K < l jú a M g bi N Ð : toeBjedayePaCnd* R bNI t ehI y zV a y eQμ a Hza o esckþ I m i n sø a b´ . bTza eya Zmμ m nu s asti GZi b |ayza bu K < l NarEmgTUnμanZm( rEmgR:b´Gdðkza rEmgTUnμan:lI rEmgedaHRsay bJØaEdlsYrehI y rEmgR:b´kmμdð an rEmgeZVIs þab´Zm( sUm|I T aMgGs´ enH eQμaHza rEmgTU n μ anZm( . mYyeT[t karoZm( e nHb¨u eNÑaH bNÐi t Kb|I R Cabza RbesI r CagkaroTaM g Gs´ RbkarenH smdU c RTg´ R tas´ Tu k za ? sBV T anM Zmμ T anM Ci n ati

sBV r tw

Zmμ r ti

Ci n ati

sBV r sM Zmμ r esa Ci n ati

tNØk¡eya sBVTuk¡M Cinati

karoZm( rEmgQñHkaroTaMgBYg esckþI eRtkGrkñ ú g Zm( rEmgQñ H esckþ I e RtkGr TaM g BY g rsénZm( rEmgQñ H rsTaM g BY g

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អដ្ឋកថា ព្រះសុត្តន្តបិដក ភាគ២៩-1