National Forest Week
September 20 to 26, 2015 | National Tree Day - September 23
Wildland Fire You can make a difference!
Wildland fire is a powerful natural force. Fire has shaped Canada’s forests, prairies and parklands for countless generations, and brings healthy renewal to diverse ecosystems. But some fires can have a devastating impact on public safety and property. Use FireSmart principles to help protect your family and property from wildfire damage: play a role in control.
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B2 â€˘ THURSDAY,
September 17, 2015
Thank you to all of our friends in forestry who continue to maintain success and increase local value in the industry while thriving in our beautiful valley.
Service Excellence Since 1956
For 3 generations and 59 years we have been proudly serving Merritt, the Nicola Valley and surrounding areas. We are dedicated to ensuring you feel valued as a customer and receive great serviceâ€”every time. 2865 Neilson Street, Merritt, BC V1K 1B8
ph:250-315-4748 fax: 250-315-4749 e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
THURSDAY, September 17, 2015 • B3
NATIONAL FOREST WEEK
NATIONAL FOREST WEEK
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Serving the Thompson-Okanagan for over 20 years
2663 Granite Avenue, Merritt BC, Located next to Fountain Tire
Proud to support our forest industry
The fate of Merritt has long been tied to the lumber industry. That’s why National Forest Week is particularly important here in the Nicola Valley. With all of the ups and downs that occur within any natural resource based industry, it’s important to recognize some of the challenges that face it, and also get to know some of the people who deal with those challenges on a daily basis. The Herald spoke with some of the people who work in the forestry industry, and put together a summary of the upcoming timber supply review. We hope you will enjoy this glimpse into an industry that in some way — either directly or indirectly — affects all of our lives here in the Valley. And if you get a chance this week, don’t forget to thank a forester for everything they do. – David Dyck, editor
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Big or small we ﬁx them all! s ,OGGING MINING TRUCKS AUTOMOTIVE s !IR CONDITIONING COOLANT mUSHING s &ULL SERVICE REPAIR OF AIR CONDITIONING UNITS s 2ECORE RADIATORS s 2EPAIR RADIATORS s #USTOM BUILT RADIATORS s (EATER CORES NEW AND RECORE s &LUSHING POWER
Mesabi radiator authorized repair facility & sales. Air conditioning mobile unit. SERVICING ALL MAKES AND MODELS. NO DISTANCE TOO FAR TO SERVE YOUR NEEDS! No heat? Try Flushing BEFORE REPLACING 2775 Marian Avenue, Merritt, B.C.
B4 • THURSDAY,
September 17, 2015
NATIONAL FOREST WEEK
Prou ud d to ackn no owlle edge ou urr Na attiio on na al Forest Week
Regulating, organizing, educating in the forestry sector David Dyck THE MERRITT HERALD
Like many Merritt residents, Andrea Inwards has built a career around forestry. Though while many are busy with the job of turning trees into lumber, Inwards is concerned with regulation. After obtaining her science degree in forest management from UBC, she became a registered professional forester for the provincial government. That was 24 years ago, and she hasn’t looked back. Her job has many different facets to it. Part of it is looking after wood lot licenses and cut control. But her favourite part of her job is community forestry. A community forest is an areabased license managed by a local community and its stakeholders. About 10 years ago, the B.C. provincial government changed the Forest Act to allow communities to hold forest licenses. “It’s about employing local people, diversifying what you get from the economy, safety and improving relations with First Nations,” Inwards told the Herald.
See ‘Community’ Page B5
Sept. 20th to 26th
APPRECIATING THOSE IN THE FOREST INDUSTRY
FOR ALL THEY DO, AND THEIR CONTINUED
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Andrea Inwards has spent the past 24 years working in the forestry sector for the provincial government. Submitted photo
DOWNTOWN MERRITT: #120 1700 Garcia St. Railyard Mall
Proud Supporters of National Forestry Week!
Log Hauling • Forestry • Silviculture The Upper Nicola Band's vision for their Traditional Territory is: to implement Suxwtxtem principles in order to take care of the resources within the Traditional Territory in a manner which is socially acceptable, economically viable, ecologically sustainable and meets present needs without compromising the options of future generations"
Upper Nicola Band Forestry
Off: 250-350-3342 www.uppernicola.com
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THURSDAY, September 17, 2015 • B5
NATIONAL FOREST WEEK
Community forests are Thanks
FOR ALL YOUR HARD WORK! FROM
Ideally, the forest is managed to reflect the values of the people in that area. From Page B4 She helped set up a bunch of them in the Southern Interior Forest Region, including Princeton, Lumby, Clinton, Kaslo and Slocan, to name a few. “We would give them an area of land, and they would be responsible for all the planning, but they would also get the revenue from the wood,” explained Inwards. “They pay an annual rent on the land based on their annual allowable cut, and then they pay a stumpage for what they cut.” That stumpage rate — or what they pay the Crown for the wood — is exceptionally low. In some cases they’re managed by the municipality — in others, they’re managed by special interest groups. Inwards’ job is to meet with the community initially and tell them about the program and what the expectations are. Then she’d walk them through the application process. Ideally, said Inwards, the forest is managed to reflect the values of the people in that area. “Some of them are super cool, the one in Likely — it’s a tiny little place, but they do amazing things for their community,” said Inwards. Likely is a small community located in the Cariboo. “They deliver firewood to the shut-ins and the single moms and stuff like that — it’s really cool.”
She said the meetings in Cherryville include home made ice cream. “It’s pretty fun, because it’s a different client base,” she said. “So now we’re dealing with little community groups, or city managers who don’t know any forestry stuff.” Of course, much of her job involves dealing with other members of the forestry industry — loggers, mill managers, consultants, or “people who do the actual work,” she laughed. But she said she doesn’t mind that, either. “The community of forestry is really nice in this area,” she said. “There isn’t a ton of change. They’re starting to get more young people in as older people move out. I’ve been dealing with the Tolko guys since day one and they’re a super group, and Aspen has lots of really good people.” Inwards serves on the local forestry committee, a group that gets together to enhance the image of the forestry sector and try to educate people on the industry. It has representatives from government and industry on it. “We do tree planting with the grade fives, we do a golf tournament in the spring, we’re doing a ball tournament [soon] — basically it’s just getting everybody out together,” she said. They also give out bursaries and do a poster contest. She said one of the things she enjoys most about the job is the people. “The community of forestry is really nice in this area,” she said.
Call us for information on Special Occasions Tel 250-315-1022 Open Sun to Wed: 11am-12am Thu-Sat: 11am-1am 3701 DeWolf Way, Merritt, BC (Take Exit 290 off Hwy 5)
Merritt Machine Works Ltd. For all your machining & welding.
Proud to be of service to the forest industry since 1975
Phone: 250-378-5326 Fax: 250-378-4606
1120 McFarlane Way, Merritt
Where friends meet to eat
A big thank you to all for your support and continued patronage. We would like to recognize all the hardworking men & women in the forestry industry.
2101 Quilchena Avenue, Merritt
B6 • THURSDAY,
September 17, 2015
NATIONAL FOREST WEEK
THE TIMBER SUPPLY REVIEW
The T he Forest Industry Supports our Familiess
in a nutshell — part 1 Started in 1992 to update the understanding of timber supply in each of the province’s 38 timber supply areas (TSAs). British Columbia’s chief forester determines the allowable annual cut (AAC), based on a review of a management unit.
We P W Proudly dly S Support pp the h F Forest IIndustry d y 1964 Quilchena Avenue • 250-378-2215
The AAC is the maximum amount of timber that the chief forester determines is reasonable to harvest from the TSA. The chief forester’s job is to determine the AAC for each TSA every ten years, or, as in the case of the upcoming Merritt TSA, whenever it is deemed necessary. The last TSA done in Merritt was in December of 2010. The chief forester at that time said that as the mountain pine beetle was wrapping up its attack on the district, he wanted to get back sooner than the typical 10 year period. Some of the things that go into the chief forester’s decision on what to set the annual allowable cut at are forest composition and management, and objectives for that land base, the region, and the province.
Recognizing our local forest workers and their important role forestry plays in our community. Thomson’s Truck Parts & Sales
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Recognizing our First Nations Forest Contractors WINTER IS COMING ARE YOU DUE FOR A NEW SET OF WINTER TIRES THIS YEAR?
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THURSDAY, September 17, 2015 â€˘ B7
NATIONAL FOREST WEEK
THE TIMBER SUPPLY REVIEW in a nutshell â€” part 2 The review process varies depending on the complexity of the information or issues, but there are three general stages that take place. STAGE 1: Information sharing and gathering. A data package, which descirbes the inventory and management information and timber supply analysis assumptions that are believed to best reflect current forest management is produced and made public. STAGE 2: The timber supply analysis. This generally follows the data package, but will differ based on input from the public and First Nations, or new information and analysis.
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STAGE 3: The determination. The chief forester considers the information from the data package, timber supply analysis, information, objectives and uncertainties that were unavailable or could not be quantified. He or she then announces the new AAC with a rationale document explaining the decision. WHAT DOES IT MEAN FOR MERRITT? The chief forester will make her decision by the end of this year, and depending on what she sets the AAC at will determine how active the mills in the area will be.
Fengate thanks the individuals of the forest industry for their efforts and sacriďŹ ce during this trying year.
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B8 â€˘ THURSDAY,
September 17, 2015
NATIONAL FOREST WEEK WINNER OF THE 2015 MIKE MORRISON MEMORIAL SCHOLARSHIP
A brief look at the Tsilhqotâ€™in Nation Aboriginal title case By Jennifer Dustin â€œIt only took 150 years, but we look forward to a much brighter future. This without question will establish a solid platform for genuine reconciliation to take place in British Columbia.â€? â€“ Grand Chief Stuart Phillip (as quoted by CBC, 2014) On June 26th, 2014, for the first time in Canadian history, the Supreme Court of Canada declared Aboriginal title to a Canadian First Nation. The Tsilhqotâ€™in Nation Aboriginal Title Case Decision (also referred to as the William Case Decision) resulted in Aboriginal title to nearly 1,900 square kilometers in south central British Columbia. Aboriginal title designates primary control of land â€” including the right to enjoy and profit from the land. Stemming from a series of cumulative legal proceedings spanning over two decades, the Williams Case Decision resulted in a landmark decision that is sure to change the future of land claims and economic development for Canadian First Nations. Motivated to protect traditional territory from over-logging and what the Tsilhqotâ€™in believed was improper use of the land by provincial and federal governments, the Tsilhqotâ€™in Nation began a formal legal battle with the British Columbia and Canadian governments to assert indigenous rights over an area roughly 4,300 square kilometers near the city of Williams Lake.
In November 2007, Judge David Vicker of the British Columbia Supreme Court ruled that the Tsilhqotâ€™in had demonstrated Aboriginal title over a portion of the land in dispute, but stopped short of making a formal judgment of title: â€œWhile the BC Supreme Court decision did not find Aboriginal title because of an issue related to the pleadings of the case, it did express its opinion that the Tsilhqotâ€™in Nation could prove Aboriginal title to parts of its claimed traditional territory.â€? Based on this decision, the Tsilhqotâ€™in Nation filed an appeal, ultimately resulting in the Canadaâ€™s first legal declaration of Aboriginal title. There are two primary gains in achieving aboriginal title: â€œthe right to control the landâ€? and â€œprotection from government jurisdiction.â€? Specifically, Aboriginal title trumps the Forest Act, which allows government and private companies access to â€œCrownâ€? resources. The Tsilhqotâ€™in, now with Aboriginal title, are granted control of formerly recognized Crown land/ recourses (Tsilhqotâ€™in National Government, n.d.); they have regained the right to decide what developments occur on the land (economic, social, culture, etc.). The Canadian government can intervene, however, in exceptional circumstances; they must either have express consent from the First Nation, or have strong justification â€” proven in court â€” before the intervention.
Continued on next page
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tXXXSBNBEBDPN 3571 Voght Street, Exit 290 off Highway 5, Merritt, BC Phone: 1-250-378-3567
PROUD TO SUPPORT OUR FORESTRY INDUSTRY!
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THURSDAY, September 17, 2015 â€˘ B9
NATIONAL FOREST WEEK WINNER OF THE 2015 MIKE MORRISON MEMORIAL SCHOLARSHIP From Page B8 In a wider context, the granting of Aboriginal tile is significant to First Nations across Canada, many of whom are engaged in ongoing land disputes. Aboriginal title extends indigenous rights to allow the First Nation primary control of the land. The William Case Decision opens the door for other First Nations to be granted title of traditional lands beyond the previous â€œpostage stampâ€? system that permitted plaintiffs extended rights to isolated areas that were proven to be used extensively for traditional purposes. In addition, the William Case Decision adds to ongoing negotiation/translation between Western colonial and First Nations ways of knowing/ruling. One academic article by Weir outlines how, in 2007, Judge Vickers stopped short of declaring full Aboriginal title in part because he was unable to meet his own aspirations: â€œIn order to truly hear the oral history and oral tradition evidence . . . courts must undergo their own process of decolonization.â€? The Williams Case required the Tsilhqotâ€™in Nation to prove the historical use of the land, however, â€œproof â€? is a culturally constructed concept that required â€œtranslationâ€? between the oral histories of the Tsilhqotâ€™in and the contemporary Canadian judicial system. The William Case Decision is only one example of the dynamic relationship between Canadian and First Nationsâ€™ cultures, but one that has changed the way First Nations can protect and maintain their relationship with traditional territory. The decision has implications to non-indigenous people as well; where once sources of economic development were accessible, today they may no longer be, or require extensive negotiation or sanctions. John Loxley, a long respected academic and advocate in community development and economics, recognizes the tension between competing economic and cultural interests, and argues that Canadian and First Nations governments need to work together toward in
order to achieve relevant and sustainable development. â€œTogether with this highly developed sense of stewardship over land and natural resources, Aboriginal communities maintain a value system which appear to be singularly relevant to the search for a more sustainable form of economic existence.â€?
In support of National Forestry Week FRANKâ€™S MECHANICAL SERVICES Quality Auto Service & Repairs for your Car or Light Truck
Owner Frank Douthwright
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Servicing all commercial needs in the foreset industry.
Jennifer Dustin is currently completing her second year of the PhD program at McMasterâ€™s School of Social Work in Hamilton, Ont. Jennifer received her BA in English and a Bachelor of Social Work from Thompson Rivers University before moving to Hamilton to complete her MSW at McMaster University. Jenniferâ€™s social service experience includes work with children, youth and families in non-profit agencies, community development work, and post-secondary instruction - all of which, Jennifer recognizes are linked to her deeply supportive and encouraging upbringing in her hometown of Merritt, B.C. Largely informed by her practice experience, Jenniferâ€™s doctoral studies explore the relationship between media representations of social work, and public understandings of social work practice. Submitted photo
Nicola Plumbing & Heating has been proud to have supported the foresty industry and their needs for the last 30 years. We look forward to working with the forest industry indu in dust stry ry y iin n th the e fu futu future. ture re.
2064 Coutlee Ave Ave., P P.O. O Box 2999 2999, Merrit Merritt, B.C. V1K 1B8
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2ECOGNIZING THE HARD WORKING FORESTRY EMPLOYEES 7E THANK YOU
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