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THE HOLY BIBLE CONTAINING THE

OLD AND NEW TESTAMENTS TRANSLATED INTO THE BURMESE FROM THE ORIGINAL TONGUES

By Rev. A. Judson, D.D.


a[A ) J ၊? a[voygVdawmfrS? r ] efrmbmomtm; z ] ifÙ qRm,k'\ef teufy ] efI yHkMSdyfaom

"r^a[mif;usrf;MSifÙ "r^opfusrf; wnf;[laom

xm~RbkRm; .

or^musrf;


THE HOLY BIBLE Translated into Burmese from the original tongues by Rev. A. Judson, D.D. Cover design and typesetting, copyright Š 2015 MediaServe All rights reserved This edition first published 2015 ISBN 978-1-906389-44-4 Printed in China for MediaServe www.mediaserve.org


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xi

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,Hku j nfolrsm; udk wRm; pDRifc ] if; ¨tau j mif;rl um; ? a,×È cRpf wnf;[l aom cs vs uf RSd aomwdk uf r ] pf rS wyg; tc ] m; aom wdkufr ] pfudk tb,folrsS rcsMdkif/ xdkwdkufr ] pftay:Y aR…? aiG? ausmufaumif;? opfom; ? r ] ufyif? aumuf×kd ;rsm; udk xyfqifÙI wnfaqmufaom olRSdorsS? toD;toD;vkyfaomtvkyfonf


xii

xifRSm; vdrfÙrnf/ tb,fodkhenf;[lrlum; ? abmfy ] csdefaehRufonf rD;tm; z ] ifÙ xifRSm; apvdrfÙ rnf/ vlwdkif;vkyfaomtvkyfonf tb,fodkhaomtvkyfz ] pfonfudk rD;onf ppfau j m pHkprf; vd rfÙ rnf / xdk wdk uf r ] pf tay:Y xyf qifÙ I wnf aqmuf aom tu j if ol .tvk yf onf r ) J ./ xdkolonf tu s d K;udk cHRvdrfÙrnf/ tu j ifol. tvkyfonf u„rf;avmif./ xdkolonf t×ÈH;cHR vdrfÙrnf/ odkhaomfvnf; rD;MSifÙvGwfouJÙodkh olonf u,fwifc ] if;odkh aRmufvdrfÙrnf/© £1aum 3;11-`15¤

u,fwifRSifcRpfawmf avmuodkh u = G vmawmfrrlrSDu vlrsm; udk rnfuJÙodkh pDRifrnfenf;/ ¨ynwfwRm; udk rodbJ y ] pfrSm; aomolwdkh onf ynwfwRm; rJÙ ysufpD;c ] if;odkh aRmufu j vdrfÙ rnf/ ynwfwRm; udk odvsufyif y ] pfrSm; aomolwdkhonf ynwfwRm; .pDRifc ] if;udk cHRu j vdrfh rnf/© £aRm 2;12¤ ¨omoemyvl wdkh onf ynwf wRm; awmf udk rod bJ ? udk ,f tvdk tavsmuf wRm; awmf udk usifÙaomtcg olwdkhonf ynwfwRm; awmfudk rodbJ? udk,fusifÙwRm; udk trSDy _ oz ] ifÙ4if;? udk ,f udk udk ,f od aompd wf MS vHk;onf ​ ouf aocH ​o z ] ifÙ 4if;? tcs if;cs if; aqG;aMG;qif c ] if I ty ] pfwifvsuf? v…wfvsufaeoz ] ifÙ4if;? rdrdwdkhpdwfMSvHk;xJ Y rSwfom; aomwRm; .tu s d K;udk xifRSm; pGm y ] u j ./ iga[may ] maom {~Ha*vdwRm; twdkif; bkRm; ocifonf a,×ÈcRpftm; z ] ifÙ vlwdkh. rxifRSm; aomtrÈtRmwdkhudk ppfau j mpDRifawmfrlaomaehY xdkodkh pDRifawmfrlvwHh/© £aRm 2;14`16¤

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xiii

¨udk ,f OmEf MS ifÙ rod Mdk if aom cRpf awmf .arw W mawmf udk od em; vnf c ] if;iSg4if;? oif wdkh onf wwf pG rf;Mdk if oz ] ifÙ bk Rm; ocif .y ] nfÙ pHk awmf rl c ] if; RSd orsS MS ifÙ tnD y ] nfÙ pHk u j ygrnf tau j mif; igonf qkawmif;avhRSd./© £{ 3;19¤

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pu j m~Vmxufwefzdk;RSdaom~dnmOfudkaR…aiG? tusifÙoDvMSifÙ ~,fI rRay/ ¨olwdkhtouf~dnmOf.aRG;Ref tbdk;u ( D ;vSay./ odkhz ] pfI tpOf×ÈH;vsuf aeRrnf© £qm 49;8¤ ¨rd pOf bquf us if vnf aom tcs nf;MSD; us ifÙ u ( Hy _ rl c ] if;rS ? aR… aiG tpRSd aom azmuf y ] ef ysufpD;wwfaomOpPmMSifÙ oifwdkhudk aRG;awmfrlonfr[kwf© £1ay 1;18¤


xiv

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xv

¨az ] mifÙrwfawmfrlc ] if;wRm; onf u ( D ;rm; pGmaomawmif×kd ;MSifÙ wlyg./ wRm; pDRifawmfrlcsuf wdkhonf tvGefeufeJRm z ] pfu j yg./ tdkxm~RbkRm; ? udk,fawmfonf vlr s d K;MSifÙ wdRpQmefr s d K;udk apmifÙrawmfrl./© £qm 36;6¤ ¨az ] mifÙrwfaomolonf rdrdwdRpQmeftoufudk MSar ] mwwf./ rwRm; aomolrlum; u×kEm tRmYyif u j rf;u ¹ wfwwf./© £ok 12;10¤

or^musrf;pmudk topfroGif;R? rMÈwfry,fR/ ¨a,×Èonf cRpfawmf wnf;[laom bkRm; ocif.om; awmf z ] pfawmfrlonfudk oifwdkhonf ,Hk rnf tau j mif; xdk odkh ,Hk I emrawmf tm; z ] ifÙ touf udk Rrnf tau j mif; TrsS avmuf aR;xm; vsufRSdownf;/© £a,m 20;31¤ ¨Tpmapmif.tem*w W d pum; udk u j m; aomoltaygif;wdkhtm; igoufaocHonfum; ? tu j if olonf TtRmY xyfI topfoGif;./ TpmapmifY aR;xm; aom ab;'Efwdkhudk xdkol tay:odkh bkRm; ocif oufaRmufapawmfrlrnf/ tu j ifolonf Tpmapmif.tem*w W d pum; tc s d Khudk MÈwfy,f./ TpmapmifY aR;xm; aomtoufyifMSifh4if;? oefhRSif;aomr _ dh awmfMSifh4if;? xdkolpyfqdkifaomtcGifhudk bkRm; ocif MÈwfy,fawmfrlrnf/© £Asm 22;18-`19¤

သမor^musrf;pmrS azmfy ] xm; aom tz ] pftysufrsm; rSefuefau j mif; taxmuftxm; rsm; / vlom; rsm; .rlvtp vlom; rsm; .tOD;qHk;rdbrsm; z ] pfaom tm'HMSifÙ{~wdkhrS qif;oufvmau j mif;udk urBmhvlOD;aR .y ] efhyGm; MÈef;tR u j nfÙvsSif odMdkifau j mif; ynmRSifrsm; u qdkygonf/ usrf;pmwGif azmfy ] aom MSpfumvtwdkif; ​vufRSdvlOD;aRwdk;yGm; ​MÈef;MSifÙudkuf​nD​rÈRSd​au j mif; awG¸​RSd​R​onf/ qifÙ​uJ ay ] mif;vJ vmc ] if;​t,ltqtR vlom; onf vGefcJÙaom MSpfwpfoef;rS tpy _ onf[k cefhrSef; wGufcsuf vsSifyif vufRSd urBmhtRG,ftpm; tvHk;aygif;wpfoef;yif vlom; rsm; aexdkifRef qefhMdkifrnf r[kwfay/ tc s d Kh u vl onf arsmuf rS ay ] mif;vJ z ] pf ay:vmonf [k xif r ] if ,l qcs uf rsm; RSd ygonf / tu,fI vlonf arsmufrS ay ] mif;vJz ] pfay:vmvsSif arsmufonf rnfuJÙodkh z ] pfay:​vm​oenf;/ arsmuf wpf r s d K;wnf;MS ifÙ yif taz ] rRbJ z ] pf ae​vsS if us ef tr s d K;aygif; ar ] muf r ] m; pGm.taz ] udk rnfuJÙodkh odRSdMdkifrnfenf;/ xkhd ty ] if urBmay:RSd rnfonÙf opfawmMSifÙ wdRdpQmef×kH rsm; RSd arsmufrsm; onfvnf; vltz ] pfodkh wpf~ufwpfysufz ] pfap? ay ] mif;vJz ] pfay:aeonfudk wpfu ( d rfwpfcgrsSyif rawG¸Ryg/


xvi

{'ifO,smOf {'ifO,smOfudk vltrsm; u 'E @ mRD[k ,lqcJÙu j onf/ odkhaomf ,cktcg {'ifO,smOf.wnf aeRmtwd tus udk ay ] mMdk if y )D z ] pf onf / {'if ​O ,smOf onf taRS¸ tv,f ydk if;a'o ygRS ef;​ yifv,fauG¸teD;w~dkufwGif wnfRSdonf/ {'if O,smOfwnfRSdcJÙaomaeRmrSm ,ck tDRwfMdkifiH ul;em; (KUNA) a'o[k ,Hku j nfu j ygonf/ tmA ] [H.Zmwd ORr » dh MSifÙ AmAkvkefr » dh wdkhonf {'ifO,smOfxJY wnfRSdcJÙaom r » dh rsm; z ] pfonf/ ,cktcg xdkr » dh rsm; onf tDRwfMdkifiHwGif wnfRSdonf/ ORr » dh onf tDRwfMdkifiHawmifydkif;? AmqmRm y ] nfe,f epDpDRmr » dh teD;wGif wnfRSdy ) D ;? AmAkvkefr » dh onf r » dh awmfb*¬'uf.awmifbuf rdkif 50 tuGmwGif wnfRSdonf/ tvG ef om,mvS ycJÙ aom {'if O,smOf onf ,ck tcg qm[mRoJ uMWmRtz ] pf r ] if awG¸ Ronf/ oJuMWmRrS opfyifMSifÙ 'dkifMdkaqm×kyfu = G if;rsm; awG¸RSdonf/ or^musrf;pmwGif vSyaom {'ifO,smOfonf ar ] atmufodkh MSdrfÙcscHRau j mif; azmfy ] xm; onf/ ¨oifonf {'ifopfyifwdkhMSifÙ twl ar ] atmuftRyfodkh MSdrfÙcsc ] if;udk cHRonf© £a,Z 31;18¤/

tm'H MS ifÙ {~wdkh .y ] pf rSm; c ] if;au j mifÙ bk Rm; ocif u {'if O,smOf rS MS if xk wf cJÙ y ) D ; aRv… rf;rdk;c ] if; aemufydkif; ar ] atmufodkh aRmufRSdoGm; cJÙc ] if; z ] pfonf/ 1983 ckMSpf pufwifbmvxkwf National Geographic Science rS azmfy ] csuftR? qm[mR oJuMWmRonf wpfcsdefu pdrf;vef;aomuGif;y ] if z ] pfum? RmoDOwk ay ] mif;vJrÈau j mifÙ ,aeh oJ uMWmRtz ] pf ay ] mif;oGm; onf [k ,l qonf / ,ck r ] if awGh RonfÙ taRS¸ tv,f ydk if;a'o tm; vHk;rSm oJ uMWmRz ] ifÙ zHk;tk yf vs uf RSd onf / tHh o j pRmrSm urBmh aReH . 70 Rmcdk if MÈ ef;onf Ta'orS xG uf RSd cJÙ c ] if;z ] pf onf / tau j mif;rSm wpf csd ef u raRrwG uf Mdk if aom wd Rd pQmef rsm; ? opf yif MS ifÙ ×k yf ~w ’ Krsm; pGmonf MS pf aygif;rsm; pGm ar ] atmuf Y epf r +_ yf cJÙ c ] if;au j mifÙ z ] pf onf [k National Geographic Science u azmfy ] cJÙygonf/ {'ifO,smOfMSifÙ ywfoufonfÙ aRS;a[mif; ypPnf;rsm; udk ORa'oY xyfrHawG¸RSdRonf/ xdktxJY yxrpmvHk; tu†Rmudk R¸…H ap;y ] m; ay:wGif usL×kd ;z ] ifÙ aR;xm; onfudk awG¸Ronf/ ORa'oonf ,ck tDRwfMdkifiHwGif wnfRSdonf/

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xvii

r ] -pf​RSd​au j mif; awG¸RSdcJÙu j onf/ xdkaeRmudk odyµHynmRSifrsm; wl;azmfu j Rm ausmufy ] m; ? ausmuf eHRHrsm; ay:wGif u ( D ;rm; onÙf wdRdpQmef×kyfykH rsm; ? avSavSmfcwfaeyHkrsm; udkvnf; awG¸RSdcJÙu j onf/ 4if;wdkhudk u j nfÙc ] if;tm; z ] ifÙ wpfcsdefu TaeRmonf tvGefu ( D ;rm; onfÙ opfawmRSdcJÙau j mif; od Mdkifonf/ aysmufqHk;aeaom r ] pfMSpfpif;pvHk;udk RSmazGawG¸RSdxm; y )D;z ] pfonf/

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xviii

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130

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175

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215

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240

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266

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wRm; olu ( D ;rSwfpm ×ko~w ’ K

〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮

〮〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮

"r^RmZ~ifyXrapmif

1 Rm

〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮

269

2 Rm

〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮

305

〮〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮

3 Rm

〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮

334

〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮

4 Rm

〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮

368

〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮

5 Rm

〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮

399

6 Rm

〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮

429

{Z

〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮

465

ae

〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮

476

〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮

490

〮〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮

"r^RmZ~if'kwd,apmif

〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮

"r^RmZ~ifwwd,apmif "r^RmZ~ifpwkw ’ apmif RmZ~ifc s KyfyXrapmif

RmZ~ifc s Kyf'kwd,apmif {ZRrSwfpm

〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮

〮〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮

ae[rdrSwfpm

×k

〮〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮

{owm~w ’ K

〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮

{o

a,mb~w ’ K

〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮

a,mb

qmvHusrf; okw W H usrf;

〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮

〮〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮

a'oemusrf;

〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮

aRSmvrkefoDcsif;

〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮

a[RSm,tem*w W d usrf;

〮〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮

〮〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮

498

〮〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮

527

ok

〮〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮

608

a'

〮〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮

633

oD

〮〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮

qm

a[RSm

642

〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮

647

a,Rrdtem*w W d usrf;

〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮

a,

〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮

705

a,Rrdr ] nfwrf;pum;

〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮

r ] nf

〮〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮

767

a,Zausvtem*w W d usrf; 'Ha,vtem*w W d usrf;

〮〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮

a,Z

〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮

773

〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮

825

〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮

'H

a[maRStem*w W d usrf;

〮〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮

a[m

a,mvtem*w W d usrf;

〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮

a,mv

tmrkwftem*w W d usrf;

〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮

tm

〮〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮

854

o j

〮〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮

860

o j A'dAsm'dwf×lyg×kH a,me~w ’ K

〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮

〮〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮

a,me

rdu†mtem*w W d usrf;

〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮

rd

em[Hktem*w W d usrf;

〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮

em

[Au U Kwftem*w W d usrf; aZzedtem*w W d usrf; [*¬Jtem*w W d usrf;

〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮

〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮

〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮

ZmcRdtem*w W d usrf;

〮〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮

rmvcdtem*w W d usrf;

〮〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮

〮〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮

〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮

〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮 〮〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮

[A aZ

861 864 869 871

〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮

874

〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮

876

〮〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮

878

[*¬J Zm

〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮

842 850

rmv

〮〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮

888


2 - 3

urBmOD;usrf;- 1〺1

urBmOD;usrf;- 1〺24

urBmOD;usrf; 2

3 4 5

6 7

8

9 10

11

12

1

urBm.tp

t​p​t​OD;​Y​bk​Rm; ​o​cif​onf​aumif;​uif​MSiÙf​ ar ] ​u ( D ;​udk​zef​qif;​awmf​rl​./​`​ar ] ​u ( D ;onf​ t​qif;​oE Œ mef​r​RSd?​vGwf​vyf​v[m​z ] pf​./​ euf​eJ​Rm​t​Ryf​udk​arSmif​rdkuf​zHk;v…rf;​I​bkRm; ​o​cif​ .​~d​nmOf​awmf​onf​aR​rsuf​MSm​y ] if​ay:​rSm​vÈyf​RSm; ​ awmf​rl​./ bk​Rm; ​o​cif​u​vnf;?​t​vif;​z ] pf​ap​[k​trdefh​ a wmf ​RSd ​I ​ t ​v if; ​ z ] pf ​a v ​. / ​ ` ​ xdk ​t ​v if;​ aumif;onf ​udk ​ bk ​Rm; ​o ​c if ​r ] if ​I ?​ t​v if;​MS ​iÙf​ arSmif​rdkuf​udk​ydkif;​c ] m; cGJ​xm; ​awmf​rl​./​`​t​vif;​udk​ aeh ​[l ​a om​ t​r nf ​z ] ​iÙf ​ž if;?​ arSmif ​rdk uf ​udk ​ nOfÙ​ [l aom​t ​r nf ​z ] ​iÙf ​ž if;?​ac:​a ~:​o ​rk wf ​a wmf ​rl ​I ?​ nOD;​MS​iÙf​eH​euf​onf​y​X​r​aeh​Ruf​z ] pf​av​./ w​z ef ​ bk ​Rm; ​o ​c if ​u ?​ aR​t ​v ,f ​Y ​ rdk Cf;​ rs uf MSmu j uf ​z ] pf ​a p?​aR​MS ​iÙf ​a R​cs if;​c ] m; ​em; ​a p​[k​ t ​rd efh ​a wmf ​ RSd ​o ​z ] ​iÙf ? ​ ` ​ rdk Cf; ​rs uf ​MSm ​u j uf ​udk​ bkRm; o​cif​zef​qif;​awmf​rl​I?​rdkCf;​rsuf​MSm​u j uf​ atmuf​Y​RSd​aom​aR​MS​iÙf?​rdkCf;​rsuf​MSm​u j uf​tay:​Y​ RSd​aom​aR​udk​ydkif;​c ] m; ​awmf​rl​onf​twdkif;​z ] pf​av​ ./​`​rdkCf;rsufMSmu j ufudkvnf;​rdkCf;aumif;uif​ [l​aom​t​rnf​z ] ​iÙf​bk​Rm; ​ocif​ac:a~:​o​rkwf​awmf​ rl​I?​n​OD;​MS​iÙf​eH​euf​onf​'kwd,​aeh​Ruf​z ] pf​av​./ w ​z ef ​ bk ​Rm; ​o ​c if ​u ? ​ rdk Cf; ​a um if; ​u if​ atmuf ​Y ​RSd ​a om​a R​ pk ​a ~;​a p?​ uk ef;​a y:​a p​[k​ trdefhawmf​RSd​onf​t​wdkif;​z ] pf​av​./​`​ukef;​udk​ar ] ​ [l ​a om​t ​r nf ​z ] ​iÙf ​ž if;?​aR​pk ​a ~;​Rm​udk ​yif ​v ,f​ [laom​t​rnf​z ] ​iÙf​žif;?​bk​Rm; ​o​cif​ac:​a~:​orkwf​ awmf ​rl ​I ?​ xdk ​t ​rÈ ​t ​Rm​a umif;​o nf ​udk ​ bk Rm; ​ ocif​r ] if​awmf​rl​./ w​zef​bk​Rm; ​o​cif​u?​ar ] ​onf​r ] uf​yif​udk​žif;?​ p​yg; ​oD;​udk ​z ] pf ​a p​a om​p​yg; ​y if ​udk ​ž if;?​ar ] ay:​rSm​ r s d K;apÙ​yg​vsuf​opf​oD;​r s d K;​udk​z ] pf​ap​aom​opfyif​udk​ žif;?​ayguf ​a p​[k ​t​rd efh ​a wmf ​RSd ​o nf ​t ​wdk if;​z ] pf​ av​./​`​ar ] ​onf​r ] uf​yif​udk​žif;?​p​yg; ​oD;​r s d K;​udk​ z ] pf ​a p​a om​ p​yg; ​y if ​udk ​ž if;​ rd ​rd ​Y ​r s d K;​a pÙ ​yg​vs uf​ opfoD;​r s d K;​udk​z ] pf​ap​aom​opf​yif​udk​žif;​aygufap​

./​`​xdk ​t ​rÈ ​t ​Rm​a umif;​o nf ​udk ​bk ​Rm; ​o ​c if​13 r ] ifawmf​rl​I?​n​OD;​MS​iÙf​eH​euf​onf​w​wd​,​aeh​Ruf​ z ] pf​av​./ w​zef​bk​Rm; ​o​cif​u?​aeh​MS​iÙf​nOfÙ​udk​ydkif;c ] m; ​ap​14 c ] if;​iSg​rdkCf;​aumif;​uif​rsuf​MSm​u j uf​Y​tvif;tdrf​ wnf ​a p?​ed ​rd wf ​v u† ​Em?​csd ef;cs uf ​a om​t csd ef ?​ aeh​Ruf​t​ydkif;​t​c ] m; ?​MSpf​t​ydkif;​tc ] m; ​bdkh​z ] pf​ap/​`​ rdk Cf;​a umif;​u if ​rs uf ​MSm​u j uf ​Y ​w nf ​I ​ar ] ​u ( D ;​15 vif;​p​Rm​t​vif;​tdrf​z ] pf​ap​[k?​trdefhawmf​RSd​onf​ t​wdkif;​z ] pf​av​./ xdk​odkh​bk​Rm; ​o​cif​onf​t​vif;​tdrf​u ( D ;​MSpfvHk;​16 wnf;​[l​aom?​aeh​udk​tkyf​pdk;​R​aom​tu ( D ;​wvHk;?​ n OfÙ ​udk ​tk yf ​pdk; ​R ​a om ​ t ​i ,f ​w vHk; ​MS iÙf ​w uG​ u j ,f rsm; ​wdkh ​udk ​zef ​q if;​a wmf ​rl ​y ) D ;​vsSif ?​`​ar ] ​u ( D ;​17 Yvif;​a p​c ] if;​iSg​ž if;?​ aeh ​MS ​iÙf ​n OfÙ ​udk ​ tk yf ​pdk;I?​`​ tvif;​MS​iÙf​arSmif​rdkuf​udk​ydkif;​c ] m; ​ap​c ] if;​iSg​žif;?​rdkCf;​18 aumif;uif​rsuf​MSm​u j uf​Y​bk​Rm; ​o​cif​xm; awmf​ rl​./​xdk​t​rÈ​t​Rm​aumif;​onf​udk​bk​Rm; ​o​cif​r ] if​ awmf ​rl ​I ?​`​n​OD;​MS ​iÙf ​eH ​e uf ​o nf ​p​wk w ’ ​a eh ​R uf​19 z ] pfav​./ w​z ef ​bk ​Rm; ​o ​c if ​u ?​t​o uf ​RS if ​I ​vÈ yf ​RSm; ​20 wwf ​a om​wd ​R pQmef ​wdkh ​udk ​aR​o nf ​rsm; y ] m; pGm​ a rG; bGm; a p / ​ iS uf wdkh v nf; ​ a r ] a y: ​ rdk Cf;​ aumif;uif ​rs uf ​MSm​u j uf ​y ] if ​~ ,f ​ysH ​a p​[k ​trd efh​ awmf ​RSd ​. /​`​xdk ​odkh ​vsS if ​aR​o nf ​wd ​R pQmef ​t r s d K;​21 tvdk uf ​rsm; ​y ] m; pGmarG;​bGm; ​I ?​ig; ​u ( D ;​t ​p ​RSd ​a om​ t​ouf​RSif​I​vÈyf​RSm; ​wwf​aom​wd​R pQmef​t​aygif;​ wdkh ​udk ​ž if;?​ysH ​w wf ​a om​iS uf ​r s d K;​t aygif;​wdkh ​udk ​ž if;​ bk​Rm; ​o​cif​zef​qif;​I?​xdk​t​rÈ​t​Rm​aumif;​onf​ udk​r ] if​awmf​rl​./​`​bk​Rm; ​o​cif​u​vnf;?​rsm; y ] m; ​pGm​22 arG;bGm; ​u j ​a vmÙ /​yif ​v ,f ​a R​rsm; ​udk ​y ] nfÙ ​a p​u j ​ avmÙ/​iSuf​wdkh​vnf;​ar ] ​ay:​Y​rsm; ​y ] m; ​ap​ownf;​ [k ​xdk ​wd ​R pQmef ​wdkh ​udk ​aumif;​u ( D ;​a y;​a wmf ​rl ​I ?​`​ 23 n​OD;​MS​iÙf​eH​euf​onf​yOၬ​r​aeh​Ruf​z ] pf​av​./ w​z ef ​bk ​Rm; ​o ​c if ​u ?​ar ] ​o nf ​t​o uf ​RS if​24 aom​ow Ö ​~g​r s d K;​wnf;​[l​aom​om; ​,Of​wdkh​udk​žif;?​ wGm; ​wwf​aom​wd​R pQmef​wdkh​udk​žif;?​om; ​RJ​r s d K;​wdkh​udk​


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žif;?​arG;bGm; ​ap​[k​t​rdefh​awmf​RSd​onf​t​wdkif;​​z ] pf​ a v ​. / ​ ` ​ xdk ​odkh ​ bk ​Rm; ​o ​c if ​o nf ​ om; ​RJ ​r s d K; ?​ om; ,Ofr s d K;?​ar ] ay:rSm​wGm; wwfaomwdRpQmefr s d K;​ t​a ygif;​wdkh ​udk ​zef ​q if;​I ?​xdk ​t ​rÈ ​t ​Rm​​ aumif;​ onf​udk​r ] if​awmf​rl​./ w​zef​bk​Rm; ​o​cif​u?​ig​wdkh​yHk​oE Œ mef​MS​iÙf​wnD​ w​o E Œ mef ​w nf;​vl ​udk ​zef ​q if;​u j ​pdkh /​ol ​o nf​ yif​v,f​ig; ​wdkh​udk​žif;?​rdkCf;​aumif;​uif​iSuf​wdkh​udk​ žif;?​om; ​,Of​wdkh​udk​žif;?​ar ] ​w​y ] if​vHk;​MS​iÙf​wuG?​ar ] ​ ay:​rSmwGm; ​wwf​aom​wd​R pQmef​taygif;​wdkh​udk​žif;?​ tkyf​pdk;​ap​[k​t​rdefh​awmf​RSd​./​`​xdk​odkh​bk​Rm; ​o​cif​ onf​rd​rd​yHk​oE Œ mef​MS​iÙf​t​nD​vl​udk​zef​qif;​awmf​rl​ . / ​ bk ​Rm; ​o ​c if ​. ​yHk ​o E Œ m ef ​a wmf ​MS ​iÙf ​t ​nD​ vla,mufsm; ?​vl​rdef;​r​udk​zef​qif;​y ) D ;​vsSif?​`​tcsif;​ wdkh?​rsm; ​y ] m; pGm​arG;bGm; ​u j ​avmÙ/​ar ] ​u ( D ;​udk​y ] nfÙ​ ap​I ​Mdk if ​u j ​a vmÙ /​ yif v,f ​ig; ​wdkh ​udk ​ž if;?​ rdk Cf;​ aumif;​uif​iSuf​wdkh​udk​žif;?​touf​RSif​I​ar ] ​ay:​rSm​ vÈ yf ​RSm; ​w wf ​a om​ wd R pQmef ​t aygif;​wdkh ​udk ​ž if;​ tk yf pdk; ​u j ​a vmÙ ​[k ​ rd efh ​a wmf ​rl ​I ? ​ ol ​wdkh ​udk​ aumif;u ( D ;​ay;​awmf​rl​./ bk​Rm; ​o​cif​u​vnf;?​u j nfÙ​×È​avmÙ/​ar ] ​w​y ] if​ vHk;​Y​p​yg; ​oD;​udk​z ] pf​ap​aom​p​yg; ​yif​t​r s d K;​r s d K;​wdkh​udk​ žif;?​r s d K;​a pÙ ​udk ​z ] pf ​a p​a om​t​oD;​MS ​iÙf ​y ] nfÙ ​pHk ​a om​ opf​yif​t​r s d K;​r s d K;​wdkh​udk​žif;?​oif​wdkh​pm; ​p​Rm​bdkh​ig​ay;​ ./​`​ar ] ​om; ?​rdkCf;​aumif;​uif​iSuf?​t​ouf​RSif​I​ ar ] ​ay:​rSm​wGm; ​wwf​aom​wd​R pQmef​r s d K;​t​aygif;​wdkh​ pm; ​p ​Rm​bdkh ?​r ] uf ​y if ​t ​r s d K;​r s d K;​wdkh ​udk ​ig​a y;​r nf ​[k​ rdefhawmf​rl​onf​t​wdkif;​z ] pf​av​./​`​bk​Rm; ​ocif​ onf ​rd ​rd ​z ef ​q if;​o ​rsS ​a om​t ​Rm​wdkh ​udk ​u j nÙf ​×È​ vsSif?​tvGef​aumif;​onf​udk​r ] if​awmf​rl​I?​n​OD;​MSiÙf​ eH​euf​onf​q​X​r​aeh​Ruf​z ] pf​av​./ xdk​odkh​aumif;​uif​ar ] ​u ( D ;​MS​iÙf​wuG?​cyfodrf;​ aom​wef​qm​wdkh​onf​y ) D ;​pD;​vsuf​RSd​u j ​./​`​ ow Ö ​r ​a eh ​R uf ​a Rmuf ​vsS if ?​ bk ​Rm; ​o cif​ onf​zef​qif;​aom​t​rÈ​udk​vuf​p​owf​awmf​rl​cJÙ​y ) D ;​ onf ​z ] pf ​I ?​zef ​q if;​o ​rsS ​a om​t ​rÈ ​t Rm​wdkh ​o nf​ y ) D ;pD;​y ) D ;​rS?​xdk​ow Ö ​r​aeh​Y​i ) d rf​~yfpGm​aeawmf​rl​./​`​ xdk​ow Ö ​r​aeh​udk​bk​Rm; ​ocif​onf​aumif;u ( D ;​ay;​ I​oefh​RSif;​ap​awmf​rl​./​tau j mif;​rl​um; ?​zef​qif;​ y _ ​y ] if​awmf​rl​aomtrÈ​t​Rm​tvHk;pHk​wdkh​onf​y ) D ;​pD;​ aom​au j m​iÙf?​xdkaeh​Ruf​Y​i ) d rf​~yfpGm​ae​awmf​rl​./

urBmOD;usrf;- 2〺18

onf ​aumif;​u if ​MS ​iÙf ​ar ] ​u ( D ;​udk ​zef qif;​a wmf ​rl​ aom​a eh ?​ zef ​q if;​Rm​um​v ​Y ​ aumif;​u if ​MS iÙf​ ar ] u ( D ;​.​rl​v​tw ’ Kyµ​w Ö d ​ay​wnf;/​`​ar ] Y​v,f​,m​5 y s d K;​y if ​r ​a yguf ​rSD ?​ v,f ,m​Y ​ p​yg; ​y if ​r u ( D ;yGg; ​rSD ?​ tyif ​RSd ​o ​rsS ​wdkh ​udk ​ zef ​q if;​a wmf ​rl ​. /​ xdk ​t ​cg​ xm~R​t ​RS if ​bk ​Rm; ​o ​c if ​o nf ​ar ] ​a y:​Y ​rdk Cf;​udk​ RGmap​awmf​r​rl​ao;/​ar ] ​Y​vkyf​aom​vl​vnf;​rRSd​ ao;​onf​z ] pf​I?​`​ar ] ​rS​t​cdk;​taiGËxGuf​o​z ] ​iÙf​ar ] ​6 w​y ] if​vHk;​udk​pdk​ap​av​./ xdk ​a emuf ?​ xm​~ ​R ​t ​RS if ​ bk ​Rm; ​o ​c if ​o nf​7 ar ] rÈefh​z ] ​iÙf​vl​udk​zef​qif;​I?​ol​.​MSm​acgif;​xJ​odkh​ZD~​ t​ouf​udk​rÈwf​awmf​rl​vsSif?​vl​onf​t​ouf​RSif​ aom​ow Ö ​~g​z ] pf​av​./ xm​~ ​R ​t ​RS if ​bk ​Rm; ​o ​c if ​o nf ​v nf;​ t​a RS¶​8 rs uf ​MSm?​{​' if ​t ​R yf ​Y ​O​,smOf ​udk ​pdk uf ​y s d K;​y ) D ;​vsS if ?​ zef qif;​a wmf ​rl ​a om​vl ​udk ​xdk ​O ​,smOf ​Y ​ae​Rm​cs​ awmf ​rl ​. /​`​xdk ​a r ] ​xJ ​u ​t​q if;​vS ​I ?​pm; bG ,f​9 aumif;​aom​t​yif​t​r s d K;​r s d K;​udk​xm​~​R​t​RSif​bkRm; ​ o​c if ​ayguf ​a p​a wmf ​rl ​. /​xdk ​O ​,smOf ​t ​v ,f ​Y​ touf​yif​vnf;​RSd​./​aumif;​r​aumif;​udk​odu„rf;​ Rm​t​yif​vnf;​​RSd​./ xdk ​O ​,smOf ​udk ​pdk ​a p​vdk ​a om​iSg​r ] pf ​w ​r ] pf ​o nf​10 {'if ​t ​R yf ​xJ ​u ​ pD;xG uf ​o ​z ] ​iÙf ?​ O​,smOf ​y ] if ​rSm​ av;z ] muGJ​I​r ] pf​r​av;oG,f​z ] pf​av​./​`​y​X​r​r ] pf​11 um; ​ zd ​×È ef ​t ​r nf ​RSd ​. /​ xdk ​r ] pf ​o nf ​ aR… ​RSd ​a om​ [m~d​v​y ] nf​em; ​w​aRSmuf​vHk;​udk​pD;oGm; ​av​./​`​ xdk​y ] nf​rS​z ] pf​aomaR…​onf​aumif;​vS​./​Aa"​v​12 opf​ap;​eS​iÙf​RS​[H​ausmuf​vnf;​RSd​./​`​'kwd,​r ] pf​13 um; ​*d​[kef​t​rnf​RSd​./​xdk​r ] pf​onf​uk​RS​y ] nf​em; ​ waRSmuf​vHk;​udk​pD;oGm; ​av​./​`​w​wd​,​r ] pf​um; ​14 [d ​' ​a u​v ​t ​r nf ​RSd ​. /​xdk ​r ] pf ​o nf ​tm​×È ​Rd ​wdk if;​ taRS¶ ​odkh ​pD;oGm; ​a v​. /​pwk w ’ ​r ] pf ​um; ​O​z ​R wf​ trnf​RSd​./ xdk​t​cg​xm​~​R​t​RSif​bk​Rm; ​o​cif​onf​vl​udk​,l​15 I​{​'if​O​,smOf​udk​y _ ​pk​apm​iÙf​ae​ap​c ] if;​iSg​xm; awmf​ rl​./​`​xm​~​R​t​RSif​bk​Rm; ​o​cif​u​vnf;?​aumif;​16 r​aumif;​udk​odu„rf;​Rm​t​yif​rS​wyg; ?​xdk​O,smOf​Y​ RSd o​rsS ​a omt​y if ​wdkh ​. ​t ​oD;​udk ​oif ​o nf ​pm; ​R​ aom​tcG​iÙf​RSd​./​`​xdk​t​yif​.​t​oD;​udk​um; ​r​pm; ​R/​17 pm; ​a om​a eh wG if ​{​u ef ​t ​rS ef ​a oR​r nf ​[k ​vl ​udk​ ynwf​xm; ​awmf​rl​./ xm​~​R​t​RSif​bk​Rm; ​o​cif​u​vnf;?​a,mufsm; ​18 tm'HMSifh{~ o nf ​ w ​a ,m uf ​w nf; ​ r ​a e ​a um if; ? ​ ol ​MS iÙf​ T​t​au j mif;​t​Rm​um; ?​xm​~​R​t​RSif​bk​Rm; ​ocif​ awmfaomt​axmuf​t​r​udk​olÑ​bdkh​ig​vkyf​OD;​rnf​[k​

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t​u j H ​RSd​awmf​rl​./​`​xm​~​R​t​RSif​bk​Rm; ​o​cif​onf​ ar ] ​wd​R pQmef​wdkh​MS​iÙf?​rdkCf;​aumif;​uif​iSuf​taygif;​ wdkh ​udk ​ ar ] ​z ] ​iÙf ​ zef ​q if;​a wmf ​rl ​y ) D ;​vsS if ?​ vl ​o nf​ tb,f​odkh​ac:​a~:​o​rkwf​rnf​udk​od​c ] if;​iSg?​vl​RSd​Rm​ odkh​aqmif​cJÙ​awmf​rl​./​vl​onf​vnf;​touf​RSif​ aom​o w Ö ​~g​t ​a ygif;​wdkh ​udk ​ac:​a ~:​o rk wf ​o nf​ twdk if;?​em​r nf ​t ​oD;​t ​oD;​RSd ​u j ​. /​`​xdk ​odkh ​vl​ onf​om; ​,Of​t​aygif;​wdkh​udk​žif;?​rdkCf;​aumif;​uif​ iS uf ​t ​a ygif;​wdkh ​udk ​ž if;?​om; ​RJ ​t aygif;​wdkh ​udk ​ž if;?​ trnf​ay;​I​rSnfÙ​av​./​odkh​aomf​vnf;​vl​MS​iÙf​awmf​ aom​t​axmuf​t​r​ray:​rRSd​ao;/ xdk ​t ​cg​xm​~ ​R ​t ​RS if ​bk ​Rm; ​o ​c if ​o nf ​vl ​udk​ u ( D ;​a om​td yf ​c ] if;​z ] ​iÙf ​td yf ​a p​a wmf ​rl ​I ?​vl ​o nf​ tdyf​aysmf​pOf?​eH​×kd ;​w​acsmif;​udk​bk​Rm; ​o​cif​xkwf​y ) D ;​ vsS if ?​xdk ​t ​×kd ;​t ​pm; ​t​om; ​udk ​ apÙ ​p yf ​a p​a wmf ​rl​ ./​`​xm​~​R​t​RSif​bk​Rm; ​o​cif​onf​vl​xJ​u​xkwf​ aom​eH ​×kd ;​z ] ​iÙf ​ vl ​rd ef;​r ​udk ​ zef ​q if;​I ​ vl ​RSd Rm​odkh​ aqmif​cJÙ​awmf​rl​./​`​vl​u​vnf;?​,​ck​T​ol​onf​ igh​t​×kd ;​xJ​u​t​×kd ;?​igh​t​om; ​xJ​u​t​om; ​z ] pf​./​vl​ xJ​u​xkwf​aom​au j m​iÙf​olÑ​udk​vl​rdef;​r​[k​ac:​a~:​ tyf ​o nf ​[k ​qdk ​a v​. /​`​xdk ​t ​a u j mif;​a u j m​iÙf​ a,mufsm; ​onf​udk,f​rd​b​udkpGefh​I?​udk,f​cifyGef;​Y​ rSD ​~J ​o ​z ] ​iÙf ?​xdk ​ol ​wdkh ​o nf ​w​om; ​w ​udk ,f ​w nf;​ z ] pf ​R ​vd rfÙ ​r nf /​`​xdk ​ol ​vif ​r ​,m; ​MS pf ​OD;​wdkh ​o nf​ t ~ wf ​r ​~ wf ​bJ ​a e ​I ? ​ RS uf ​a u j m uf ​c ] if; ​MS ​iÙf​ uif;vGwf​u j ​./

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6 - 7

vlom; wdkh​usqHk;c ] if;

ar + G ​onf​xm​~​R​t​RSif​bk​Rm; ​o​cif​zef​qif;​ awmf ​rl ​a om​ ar ] ​wd ​R pQmef ​w ​um​wdkh ​x uf​ vd r^m​o nf ​z ] pf ​I ?​rd ef;​r ​tm; ?​oif ​wdkh ​o nf​ O,smOf​Y​RSd​o​rsS​aom​t​yif​wdkh​.​t​oD;​udk​r​pm; ​R​[k​ {​uef​pif​ppf​bk​Rm; ​o​cif​rdefh​awmf​rl​o​avm​[k​ar;​ ./​`​rdef;​r​u​vnf;?​ig​wdkh​onf​O​,smOf​Y​RSd​aom​ tyif​wdkh​.​t​oD;​udk​pm; ​R​aom​tcG​iÙf​RSd​./​`​O​,smOf​ t​v ,f ​Y ​RSd ​a om​t ​y if ​. ​t ​oD;​ukd ​um; ?​oif ​wdkh​ onf​r​udkif​r​pm; ​bJ​ae​u j ​avmÙ/​odkhr​[kwf​ao​ rnf​[k​bk​Rm; ​o​cif​t​rdefh​awmf​RSd​onf​[k​ar + G ​tm; ​ qdk ​. /​`​ar + G ​u ​v nf;?​oif ​wdkh ​o nf ​{uef ​t ​rS ef​ ao​R​rnf​r​[kwf/​`​t​au j mif;​rl​um; ?​xdk​toD;​udk​ pm; ​a om​a eh ​Y ​oif ​wdkh ​o nf ​rs uf pd yG iÙf vif;​vs uf​ aumif;​r​aumif;​udk​od​I?​bkRm; ​ocif​uJÙ​odkh​z ] pf​u j ​ v​wHÙ ​o nf ​udk ? ​ bk ​Rm; ​o cif ​od ​a wmf ​rl ​o nf ​[k​ rdef;r​tm; ​qdk​./​`​xdkt ​ yif​onf​pm; bG,f​aumif;​

urBmOD;usrf;- 3〺17

c ] if;?​t​qif;​vnf;​vS​c ] if;?​ynm​wdk;yGg; ​ap​vdk​aom​ iSg?​MSpf​oufbG,f​aom​t​yif​z ] pf​c ] if;​udk​rdef;​r​onf​ r ] if​vsSif?​toD;​udk​,l​I​pm; ​./​rd​rd​cifyGef;​tm; ​vnf;​ ay;​I​ol​onf​vnf;​pm; ​./​`​xdk​ol​MSpf​a,muf​wdkh​7 onf​rsuf​pdyG​iÙf​vif;​I?​rd​rd​wdkh​Y​t​~wf​t​csnf;​pnf;​ RSd ​o nf ​udk ​od ​r ] if ​vsS if ?​rd ​rd ​wdkh ​~ wf ​R ef ​bdkh ​o​a bFm​ ozef;​yif​tRGuf​wdkh​udk​c s Kyf​pyf​I​cg; ​pnf;​udkvkyf​u j ​ ./ ae​{​aom​t​csdefwGif?​xdk​O​,smOf​Y​xm​~​R​tRSif​8 bk​Rm; ​o​cif​u = G ​awmf​rl​aom​t​oH​udk​vl​vif​r​,m; ​ wdkh ​o nf ​ u j m; ​vsS if ?​ t​xH ​a wmf ​rS ​ vG wf ​c ] if;​iSg?​ O,smOf ​t ​y if ​wdkh wG if ​yk ef;uG ,f ​vs uf ​aeu j ​. /​`​ xm ~ ​R ​t ​RS if ​bk ​Rm; ​o ​c if ​u ​v nf; ? ​ o if ​o nf​9 tb,f​rSm​RSd​o​enf;​[k?​vl​udk​ac:​awmf​rl​./​`​vl​10 u​vnf;?​O​,smOf​Y​udk,f​awmf​.​t​oH​udk​u„efawmf​ u j m; ​vsS if ?​ t​~ wf ​t ​cs nf;​p nf;​​ RSd ​a om​a u j miÙf ?​ au j muf ​I ​yk ef;​vs uf ​a e​yg​o nf ​[k ​avsSmuf ​a v​ . / ​ ` ​ bk ​Rm; ​o ​c if ​u ​v nf; ? ​ o if ​Y ​ t ~ wf​11 tcsnf;pnf;​RSd​onf​udk​oifh​tm; ​t​b,f​ol​ay ] m​ o​e nf;/​r​pm; ​R ​[k ​ig​y ​n wf ​a om​t ​y if ​. ​t ​oD;​ udk pm; ​y ) D ​a vm​[k ​ ar;​a wmf ​rl ​. /​`​ vl ​u ​v nf;?​12 u„ ef awmf ​Y ​tyf ​a y;​a wmf ​rl ​a om​rd ef;​r ​o nf ​xdk​ tyif​.​t​oD;​udk​ay;​I​u„ef​awmf​pm; ​rd​yg​onf​[k​ avsSmuf ​a v​. /​`​ xm​~ ​R ​t ​RS if ​bk ​Rm; ​o cif ​u​13 v nf; ? ​ o if o nf ​ t b ,f odkh ​ y _ y ) D ; o e nf; ​[k​ rd ef;rtm; ​ ar;​a wmf ​rl ​vsS if ?​ rd ef;​r ​u ?​ ar + G ​o nf​ u„efawmf​r​udk​vSnfÙ​pm; ​I?​u„ef​awmf​r​onf​pm; ​rd​ yg​y ) D ​[k​avsSmuf​av​./​ xm​~ ​R ​t ​RS if ​bk ​Rm; ​o ​c if ​o nf ​ ar + G ​udk ​a c:​I​14 oif ​o nf ​ T​t ​rÈ ​udk ​y _ ​a om​a u j m​iÙf ?​ om; ​, Of ?​ om; RJ ​t ​a ygif;​wdkh ​x uf ​usd ef ​c ] if;​udk ​cH ​R ​. /​oif​ onf ​~rf;​z ] ​iÙf oGm; ​I ​ar ] ​rÈ efh ​udk ​w​o uf ​vHk;​pm; ​R​ rnf/​`​oif​MS​iÙf​rdef;​r​udk​žif;?​oif​.​t​r s d K;​tMG,f​MSiÙf​15 rdef;​r​.​t​r s d K;​tMG,f​udk​žif;?​ig​onf​Ref​i » d ;zGJË​ap​rnf/​ ol​onf​oif​.​acgif;​udk​u ( d wf​vdrfÙ​rnf?​oif​onf​ ol​.​z​aem​iÙf​udk​u ( d wf​vdrfÙ​rnf​[k​rdefh​awmf​rl​./ rdef;​r​udk​vnf;?​oif​Y​udk,f​~ef​aqmif​c ] if;​a~'em​16 udk​ig​tvGef​rsm; ​y ] m; ​ap​rnf/​yif​yef;pGm​a~'​em​udk​ cHI​om; bGm; ​R​rnf/​udk,f​cifyGef;​.​tvdk​odkh​vdkuf​ I?​ol​.​tkyf​pdk;​c ] if;​udk​vnf;​cHR​rnf​[k​rdefh​awmf​rl​ ./​`​a,mufsm; ​udk​vnf;?​xdk​t​yif​.​t​oD;​udk​r​pm; ​17 R​[k ​ ig​y ​n wf ​a omf ​v nf;?​ oif ​o nf ​ r​,m; ​.​ pum; ​udk​em; axmif​I​pm; rd​aom​au j m​iÙf?​ar ] ​onf​ oif ​. ​t wG uf ​usd ef c ] if;​udk ​cH ​vs uf ​RSd ​. /​ar ] ​.​


urBmOD;usrf;- 3〺18

18 19

20

21

22

23

24

toD;​udk​w​ouf​ywf​vHk;​yifyef;pGm​​ pm; ​R​rnf/​`​ ql;​yif​t​r s d K;​r s d K;​wdkh​udk​vnf;​oif​t​bdkh​ar ] ​ayguf​ap​ rnf/​v,f​Y​z ] pf​aom​[if;oD;​[if;RGufwdkhudk​oif​ pm; ​R​rnf/​`​oif​xGuf​Rm​ar ] ​odkh​r​y ] ef​rSD​wdkif​atmif?​ oif​.​rsuf​MSm​rSac„;xGuf​vsuf​t​pm​udk​pm; ​R​rnf/​ t​au j mif;​rl​um; ?​oif​onf​ar ] ​rÈefh​z ] pf​I?​ar ] ​rÈefh​odkh​ y ] ef​R​rnf​[k​rdefh​awmf​rl​./ xdk ​t ​cg​vl ​o nf ​rd ​rd ​r ​,m; ​udk ?​{​~ ​t ​r nf ​z ] ​iÙf​ rSnfÙ​av​./​t​au j mif;​rl​um; ?​ol​onf​touf​RSif​ aom​ol​t​aygif;​wdkh​.​t​rd​z ] pf​ownf;/ xm ​~ ​R ​t ​RS if ​bk ​Rm; ​o ​c if ​o nf ​v nf; ? ​ vl​ vifr,m; ​bdkh​om; ​aR​z ] ​iÙf​~wf​vHk​udk​vkyf​I​~wfc »H​ ap​awmf​rl​./ xm​~​R​t​RSif​bk​Rm; ​o​cif​u​vnf;?​vl​onf​ig​ wdkhwGif​w​yg; ​yg; ​uJÙ​odkh​z ] pf​I?​aumif;​r​aumif;​udk​od​ wwf​./​,​ck​rSm​ol​onf​xm​~​R​t​ouf​udk​R​c ] if;​ iSg?​vuf​udk​qefh​vsuf​t​ouf​yif​.​t​oD;​udk​,l​I​ r​pm; ​o​iÙf​[k​rdefh​awmf​rl​I?​`​vl​onf​rd​rdxGuf​aom​ ar ] ​Y ​vk yf ​R ​r nf ​t ​a u j mif;?​xm~​R ​t ​RS if ​bk Rm; ​ ocif​onf?​{​'if​O​,smOf​xJ​u​v…wf​vdkuf​awmf​rl​ ./​`​xdk​odkh​vl​udk​MSif​xkwf​y ) D ;​vsSif?​toufyif​vrf;​ udk ​apm​iÙf ​a RSmuf ​a p​c ] if;​iSg?​rD;​p uf ​v uf ​e uf ​MS ​iÙf​ wuG​ac​×k​Adrf​wdkh​udk​O​,smOf​t​aRS¶​buf​Y​xm; ​awmf​ rl​./

4

2 3 4

5 6 7

8 - 9

um$eMSifhtmaAv

xdk ​a em uf ? ​ vl ​tm ​'H ​o nf ​ r ​,m; ​{ ​~ ​MS ​iÙf​ quf qH ​o ​z ] ​iÙf ?​{​~ ​o nf ​y​#d ​o aM> pGJ ​,l ​I ?​ um$e​udk​bGm; ​r ] if​vsSif?​xm​~​R​bkRm; ​.​vl​ udk​ig​R ​y ) D ​[k​qdk​av​./​`​w​zef​olÑ ​nD​tm​aAv​udk​ bGm; ​r ] if ​a v​. /​ tm​a A​v ​um; ​ odk;xd ef;​z ] pf ​. /​ um$e​um; ​v,f​vkyf​aom​ol​z ] pf​./​`​t​csdef​apÙ​ aom​t​cg?​um​$​e​onf​xm​~​R​bk​Rm; ​xH​ylaZmf​ ou U m​bdkh ?​ar ] ​t ​oD;​udk ​aqmif ​cJÙ ​. /​`​tmaA​v​ onf​vnf;?​rd​rd​odk;​pkwGif​tOD;bGm; ​aom​om; ​tc s ¸d K​ MS iÙf ?​odk;​qD ​O ​udk ​aqmif ​cJÙ ​. /​xm​~ ​R ​bk ​Rm; ​o nf​ tmaA​v​MS​iÙf​ol​.​yl​aZmf​ou U m​udk​y​rm​E​y _ ​awmf​ rl./​`​um​$​e​MS​iÙf​ol​.​yl​aZmf​ou U m​udk​yrmE​y _ ​ awmf​r​rl/​xdk​au j m​iÙf​um​$​e​onf​tvGef​pdwf​qdk;​ I​rs uf ​MSm​ys uf ​a v​. /​`​xm~R​bk Rm; ​u ​v nf;?​ o if ​o nf ​ t ​b ,f ​a u j m ​iÙf ​ pd wf qdk; ​o ​e nf; /​ tb,f​au j m​iÙf​rsufMSmysufoenf;/​`​oif​onf​ aumif;rGefpGm​y _ ​vsSif​tcG​iÙf​r​R​avm/​aumif;rGefpGm​ r​y _ ​vsSif?​t​y ] pf​az ] ​aom​,Zf​aumif​onf​wH​cg; ​em; ​

4

urBmOD;usrf;- 4〺21

rSm​~yf​vsuf​RSd​./​ol​onf​oif​.​t​vdk​odkh​vdkuf​I?​ oif​onf​olÑ​udk​tkyfpdk;​R​.​[k​um$​e​udk​rdefh​awmf​ rl​./ um​$​e​u​vnf;​v,f​odkhoGm; ​u j ​ukef​tHÙ​[k​nD​8 tm​aA​v​udk​ac:​I?​v,f​odkh​aRmuf​aom​t​cg?​nD​ tm​aA​v​udk​Ref​buf​y _ ​I​owf​av​./​`​xm~R 9 bk​Rm; ​u​vnf;?​o​iÙf​nD​tm​aAv​onf​t​b,f​rSm​ RSd​o​enf;​[k?​um​$​e​udk​ar;awmf​rl​vsSif?​tu„Mfk​yf​ r​od​yg/​tu„Mfk​yf​onf​nD​udk​apmiÙf​R​aom​ol​z ] pf​yg​ o​avm​[k​avsSmuf​qdk​./​`​bkRm; ​o​cif​u​vnf;?​10 oif​onf​t​b,f​odkh​y _ ​y ) D ;​oenf;/​o​iÙf​nD​taoG;​ .​t​oH​onf​ar ] ​xJ​u​igh​udk​atmf​[pf​vsuf​RSd​onf​ w​um; /​`​odkh​z ] pf​I​o​iÙf​nD​.​taoG;​udk​cH​,l​c ] if;​iSg?​11 rd ​rd ​y ​p yf ​udk zG ​iÙf ​a om​ ar ] ​u ( D ;​. ​usd ef ​c ] if;​udk ​ oif​ onf​cH​R​aom​au j miÙf?​`​,​ck​rS​p​I​ar ] ​Y​vkyf​aom​12 t​cg​y​u​wd​twdkif;​t​oD;​t​MSH​udk​r​R​R/​ar ] ​u ( D ;​ay:​ rSm​ay ] ;​R a ​ om​ol ?​t​R yf ​R yf ​v nf ​R ​a om​ol ​z ] pf ​R​ vd rfÙ ​r nf ​[k ​ rd efh ​a wmf ​rl ​. /​`​ um​$ ​e ​u ​v nf;?​13 t u„ Mfk ​yf ​t y ] pf ​o nf ​ r a z ] ​Mdk if ​a tm if ​ ​u ( D ; ​yg​ o a vm / ​ ` ​ t u„ Mfk ​yf ​udk ​ a r ] u ( D ; ​y ] if ​rS ​ , ​a eh​14 MSifxkwf​awmf​rly ​) D ?​rsuf​MSm​awmf​udk​vnf;​r​r ] if​R/​ ar ] ​u ( D ;​ay:​rSm​ay ] ;​R​aom​ol?​tRyf​Ryf​vnf​R​aom​ ol ​ z ] pf ​yg ​R ​r nf / ​ a wGË ​o ​rsS ​a om ​ol ​wdkh ​o nf​ tu„Mfkyf​udk​owf​yg​vdrfÙ​rnf​[k?​xm​~​R​bk​Rm; ​udk​ avsSmuf​qdk​./​`​xm​~​R​bk​Rm; ​u​vnf;?​odkh​z ] pf​I​15 um​$ ​e ​udk ​o wf ​a om​ol ​r nf ​o nf ​um; ?​ck ​e pf ​q​ aom​t ​y ] pf ​' Ef ​udk ​cH ​R ​vd rfÙ ​r nf ​[k ​rd efh ​a wmf ​rl ​y ) D ;​ vsS if ?​um​$ ​e ​udk awGË ​a om​ol ​wpHk ​w ​a ,muf ​rsS​ rowf​ap​c ] if;​iSg?​xm​~​R​bk​Rm; ​onf​ol​Y​t​rSwf​ ay;​awmf​rl​./ um​$​e​onf​xm​~​R​bk​Rm; ​xH​awmfrS​xGufoGm; ​16 I?​{​'if​y ] nf​t​aRS¶?​aem​'​y ] nfwGif​ae​av​./​`​xdk​17 t​cg​um​$​e​onf​rd​rd​r​,m; ​MSiÙf​qufqH​o​z ] ​iÙf?​ol​ onf ​y​#d ​o aM> pGJ ​,l ​I ?​om; ​{ aemuf ​udk ​bGm; ​r ] if​ av​./​um​$​e​onf​vnf;​r » dÑ ​udk​wnf​I?​rd​rd​om; ​ .​t ​r nf ​t ​vdk uf ?​xdk ​r » dÑ ​udk ​{aemuf ​r » dÑ ​[k ​o​rk wf​ av​./​`​{​aemuf​om; ​um; ​$​R'f?​$​R'f​om; ​um; ​18 r ​[k ​a , ​v ? ​ r [k a , v ​om; ​um; ​ r ​ok ​RS ​v ?​ rokRSv​om; ​um; ​vm​ruf​wnf;/ vm​ruf​onf?​tm​'​MS​iÙf​Zd​v​t​rnf​RSd​aom​rdef;r​19 MSpf​a,muf​MS​iÙf​tdrf​axmif​buf​y _ ​I?​`​tm'​onf​20 om; ​,m​A​v​udk​bGm; ​r ] if​av​./​xdk​om; ​um; ?​wJY​ ae​a om​ol ?​odk;MGm; ​p ​o nf ​wdkh ​udk ​arG;​a om​ol wdkh​ .tbqRmz ] pfav​ownf;/​`​,kAv​t​rnf​RSd​21


THE NEW TESTAMENT IN BURMESE Translated by Rev. A. Judson, D.D.


a[A ) J ? a[voygVdawmfrS? r ] efrmbmomtm; z ] ifh qRm,k'\ef teufy ] efaom

ocifa,×ÈcRpf.

"r^opfusrf;


"r^opfusrf; 27 usrf;wdkh. trnfemrrsm; / RSifr\JcRpf~if

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r

RSifrmukcRpf~if

〮〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮

rm

〮〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮

42

vk

〮〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮

68

RSifvkumcRpf~if

〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮

RSifa,m[efcRpf~if wrefawmf~w ’ K aRmro j ~g'pm

〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮

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aumRd M}Ko j ~g'pmyXrapmif

〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮

aumRd M}Ko j ~g'pm'kwd,apmif *vmwdo j ~g'pm

〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮

〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮

〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮

a,m w

〮〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮

〮〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮

aRm

〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮 〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮

204

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222

*v

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{

〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮

zdvdyµdo j ~g'pm

〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮

zd

〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮

oufomavmedwfo j ~g'pmyXrapmif

〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮

oufomavmedwfo j ~g'pm'kwd,apmif wdarmaoo j ~g'pmyXrapmif

〮〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮

wdarmaoo j ~g'pm'kwd,apmif wdwko j ~g'pm

〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮

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zdavrkefo j ~g'pm a[A )Jo j ~g'pm

〮〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮

145 186

1 aum

〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮

〮〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮

112

2 aum

{zufo j ~g'pm

aumavmoJo j ~g'pm

1

aum

〮〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮

234 240 246 251

1 ouf

〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮

255

2 ouf

〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮

259

1 wd

〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮

262

2 wd

〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮

267

〮〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮

270

wd

〮〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮

zdav

〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮

〮〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮

a[A )J

〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮

274

〮〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮

287

RSif,mukyfo j ~g'pm

〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮

RSifayw×ko j ~g'pmyXrapmif

,m

273

1 ay

〮〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮

291

RSifayw×ko j ~g'pm'kwd,apmif

〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮

2 ay

〮〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮

297

RSifa,m[efko j ~g'pmyXrapmif

〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮

1 a,m

〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮

300

2 a,m

〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮

305

3 a,m

〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮

306

,k

〮〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮

307

Asm

〮〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮

308

〮〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮

RSifa,m[efko j ~g'pm'kwd,apmif

〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮

RSifa,m[efko j ~g'pmwwd,apmif RSif,k'o j ~g'pm Asm'dwfusrf;

〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮

〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮〮

〮〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮 〮


2 - 3

RSifr\JcRpf~if 1〺1

RSifr\JcRpf~if 2〺1

RSifr\JcRpf~if o​cif​a,​×È​.aqG​awmf​pOf​r s d K;​awmf​quf​rsm;

2 3 4 5

6 7 8 9 10 11

12 13 14 15 16

17

1

tm​A ] ​[H​MS​iÙf​'g​~d'f​wdkh​rS​qif;​ouf​awmf​rl​aom​ a,×È cRpf .aqG awmf pOf ​ r s d K; awmf quf​ pmRif;[l rl um; ?​`​ $Zmuf /​ $Zmuf om; ​ ,mukyf/​,mukyfom; ​,k'rSpI​nDaemif​wpk/​`​ ,k 'onf ​ rd rd cif yG ef;​wmrmwG if ​ r ] if aom​om; ​ zmRuf​MS​iÙf​Zm​R/​zm​Ruf​om; ​a[Z×kH /​a[Z×kH ​om; ​ tm​RH/​`​tmRHom; ​trde'yf/​trd​e'yf​om; ​em×Èef/​ em​×È ef ​om; ​pmv​rk ef /​`​pmvrk ef ​o nf ​rd rd ​c if yG ef;​ Rmcyf wG if ​r ] if ​a om​om; ​aAmZ/​aAmZonf ​rd ​rd​ cifyGef;​×k​owGif​r ] if​aom​om; ​o j Auf/​o j Aufom; ​ a,RSJ/​a,RSJom; ​'g~d'frif;u ( D ;​wnf;/​`​'g​~d'f​rif;u ( D ;​ onf ​ORd ,​. ​c if yG ef;​z ] pf ​bl;​a om​rd ef;rwG if ​r ] if​ aom​om; ​aRSmv​rkef/​`​aRSmv​rkef​om; ​aRmaAmif/​ aRmaAmif ​om; ​t​bd ​, /​t​bd ​, ​om; ​tmo/​`​ tmo​om; a,m​RS​zwf/​a,m​RSzwf​om; ​,​a[m​RH/​ ,a[mRH​om; ​o j ​Zd/​`​o j ​Zd​om; ​a,moH/​a,moH​ om; ​tm​cwf/​tm​cwf​om; ​a[​Zud/​`​a[​Z​ud​ om; ​r​em​a RS /​r​em​a RS ​om; ​tmrk ef /​tm​rk ef ​om; ​ a,m​RSd/​`​a,m​RSd​om; ​a,m,​udrf/​a,m​,​udrf​ onf​Am​Ak​vkef​r » dÑ ​odkh​aeRm​ay ] mif;​cg​eD;wGif​r ] if​aom​ om; ​a,​acg​ed​rS​pI​nD​aemif​w​pk​wnf;/ Am Ak vk ef r » dÑ odkh ​ a e Rm a y ] m if; o nf a em uf ?​ a,acged om; ​ RSmvaov/​ RSmvaovom; ​ aZ×kAaAv/​`​aZ×kAaAvom; ​tA s K'f/​tA s K'fom; ​ {vsmudrf/​{vsmudrfom; ​tmaZmf/​`​tmaZmfom; ​ Zm'kwf/​Zm'kwfom; ​tmcdrf/​tmcdrfom; ​{vk'f/​`​ { vk 'f om; ​ { vm Zm / ​ { vm Zm om; ​ r \ ef /​ r\efom; ​,mukyf/​`​,mukyfr ] ifaomom; um; ?​ rmRd.​cifyGef;​a,moyfwnf;/​xdkrm​Rd​onf​c​Rpf​ [k​ac:​a~:​o​rkwf​aom​a,​×È​.​r,f​awmf​z ] pf​./ T odkh vsS if ? ​ r s d K; ​p Of ​ MG ,f q uf a yg if; um; ?​ tm A ] [H rS o nf ​ 'g ~d 'f wdk if a tm if ​ w q ,f​ av;quf ?​ 'g~d 'f rS onf ​ Am​Ak ​vk ef ​r » dÑ ​odkh ​ aeRm​ ay ] m if; o nf wdk if a tm if ​ w q ,f a v; q uf ?​ AmAk vk ef r » dÑ odkh ​a y ] mif;y ) D ;rS onf ​ cRpf awmf ​wdk if​ atmif​wq,fav;quf​z ] pfownf;/

a,m​oyf​xH​odkh​aumif;​uif​w​ref​xif​RSm; ​c ] if;​

a,​×È ​c ​R pf ​o nf ​bGm; ​r ] if ​c ] if;​udk ​cH ​a wmf ​rl ​a om​18 tau j mif;tRm[l rl um; ?​ r,f awmf rmRd ​o nf​ a,moyf MS iÙf ​xd rf;​r ] m; ​a qmif ​MS if;​I ​rRS uf wif ​rSD​ wGif​oefhRSif;aom~dnmOfawmfau j miÙf​y#d​o​aM>​ pJG ae​. /​`​ol ​. ​c if ​yG ef;​a,m​o yf ​o nf ​ol awmf​19 a um if; ​z ] pf ​I ? ​ rm ​Rd ​t ​o ​a R ​udk ​ r ​ys uf ​a p ​cs if​ aomau j miÙf​wdwfqdwfpGm​pGefhy,frnf[k​tu j H ​RSd​ ./​`​xdk​odkh​u j H ​pnf​I​ae​pOf​wGif​tdyf​ruf​udk​r ] if​R​20 onf​rSm?​xm​~​R​bk​Rm; ​.​aumif;uifwrefonf​ xifRSm; I?​'g~d'ftr s d K;​a,moyf?​oif​.​cifyGef;​rm​Rd​ udk ​ xd ef; od rf; ​R ​r nf ​t cG ​iÙf ​udk ​ r ​pdk; ​Rd rf ​MS ​iÙf / ​ T​ y#doaM>​onf​oefhRSif;​aom​~d​nmOf​awmf​au j m​iÙf​ z ] pf​./​`​om; ​a,mufsm; ​udk​bGm; ​r ] if​vdrfÙ​rnf/​xdk​21 om; ​o nf ​rd ​rd ​vl ​wdkh ​ukd ​ty ] pf ​rS ​u ,f c„ wf ​r nf ​ol​ z ] pf​aom​au j m​iÙf?​a,×È​[l​aom​t​rnf​z ] ifÙ​rSnfÙ​R​ rnf​[k​aumif;uifwref​qdk​./ xdk tau j mif;tRmrl um; ?​xm~Rbk Rm; ​o nf​22 yaRmzufz ] iÙfxm; awmfrlaom​Asm'dwf​awmf​y ] nfÙ​pHk​ r nf ​t ​a u j m if; ​w nf; / ​ ` ​ Asm ​'d wf ​a wmf ​t ​cs uf​23 [l rl um; ​u j nfÙ ​×È ​a vmÙ /​o​wdkh ​o ​rD;​u ​nm​o nf​ y#doaM>pJG​,l​I​om; ​a,mufsm; ​udk​bGm; ​r ] if​v​wHÙ/​ xdk​om; ​udk​{​rmaMG​v​t​rnf​z ] ifÙ​rSnfÙ​R​u j ​v​wHÙ​[k​ vm​o​wnf;/​{​rmaMG​v​t​euf​um; ?​ig​wdkh​MSiÙftwl​ RSd awmf rl aom​bk Rm; ocif [k ​qdk vdk ​o ​w nf;/​`​ a,m​oyf​onf​tdyf​aysmf​Rm​rSMdk;vsSif?​xm~R​bkRm; ​24 .aumif;uifwref​rSmxm; ​onf​t​wdkif;​y _ ​I​rd​rd​ cif yG ef;​udk ​ xd ef;​od rf;​a v​. /​`​ odkh ​a omf vnf;?​25 om; OD;​udk​rbGm; ​rSD​wdkif​atmif​oH~gor​y _ bJ​ae./​ xdkom; udkvnf;​a,×È[laom​t​rnf​z ] ​iÙf​rSnfÙ​av​ ./ t​aRS¶​y ] nf​rS​ynmRSdrsm; ​aRmuf​RSd​vm​c ] if;

2

,k ​' ​y ] nf ​ A uf ​v if ​r » dÑ ​Y ​ a [ ​×k 'f ​r if; ​u ( D ;​ vuf xuf ?​a,​×È ​o nf ​bGm; r ] if ​c ] if;​udk ​ cH​ awmf​rl​y ) D ;​rS?​rm​*k​ynm​RSd​wdkh​onf​t​aRS¶​y ] nf​ u ​ a , ×k RS ​v if ​r » dÑ ​odkh ​ a Rm uf ​vm ​u j ​vsS if ? ​ `​


RSifr\JcRpf~if 2〺2 2

3

4

5 6

7 8

9

4 - 5

2

,ckbGm; r ] if​aom​,k'​RSifbkRif​onf?​t​b,f​rSm​ RSdawmf​rl​oenf;/​t​aRS¶​y ] nf​Y​ol​.​u j ,f​udk​ig​wdkh​ r ] if​R​onf​z ] pf​I​zl;awGË​yl​aZmf​c ] if;​iSg​aRmuf​vm​y ) D ​[k​ ar;r ] ef;ay ] mqdk u j ./​`​ xdk pum; udk u j m; vsS if ?​ a [ ×k 'f r if; u ( D ; o nf ​ a , ×k RS v if r » dÑ ol r » dÑ om; ​ taygif;​wdkhMSiÙfwuG​pdwfylyefc ] if;odkh​aRmuf​oz ] iÙf?​`​ ,Zf​ykaRm​[dwf​tu ( D ;​wdkh​MS​iÙf​vl​wdkhwGif​usrf;​y _ ​q​Rm​ RSd ​o ​rsS ​wdkh ​udk ​pk a~;​a p​I ?​c​R pf ​a wmf ​udk ​t​b ,f​ tRyf​rSm​bGm; ​r ] if​vdrfÙ​rnf​enf;​[k​ar;​r ] ef;​awmf​rl​ ./​`​ xdk qRmwdkh uvnf;?​ yaRmzuf wOD;​​a R;​ xm; aomtcsuf[lrlum; ?​`​tkd​,k​'​y ] nf​Aufvif​ r » dÑ ?​ tpdk;R​a om​,k 'r » dÑ wdkh wG if ​ oif onf ​ r » dÑ i,f​ r » dÑ ,k wf ​r [k wf / ​ t a u j m if; rl um; ? ​ ig . vl pk​ $oaRv​t​r s d K;​udk​tkyfpdk;​R​aom​ocif​onf​oif​ .​t ​xJ ​rSm​ay:xG ef;​v ​wHÙ ​[k ​us rf;​vm​RSd ​yg​. /​xdk​ au j m​iÙf​,k​'​y ] nf​Aufvif​r » dÑ ​Y​c​Rpfawmf​udk​bGm; ​ r ] if​R​yg​rnf​[k​rif;u ( D ;​tm; ​y ] ef​u j m; ​avsSmuf​xm; ​ u j ​./ xdk tcg​a[×k 'f rif;u ( D ;onf ?​rm*k ynmRSd ​wdkh​ ukd ​r​x if ​r ​RSm; ​a c:​I ?​u j ,f ​a y:xG ef;​a omtcsd ef​ umvudk​apÙapÙar;r ] ef;y ) D ;rS?​`​oifwdkhoGm; I​xdk​ ol i ,f udk ​ u º d ; ​pm; ​RSm ​u j ​yg / ​ a wGË ​vsS if ​ igh ​xH ​odkh​ y ] ef vmI​igvnf;​xdk ol i,f udk ​zl;awGË ​yl aZmf R​ atmif ​u j m; ​a y ] m​u j yg[k ​rSmxm; awmf rl vs uf ?​ Auf vif r » dÑ odkh ​apv… wf av./​`​xdk ol wdkh onf​ rif;u ( D ;​p um; ​udk ​ emcH ​y ) D ;​vsS if ​ xG uf oGm; ​u j ​I ?​ t a RS¶ ​y ] nf ​Y ​ r ] if ​R ​a om ​u j ,f ​o nf ​ ol ​wdkh ​a RS¶​ uoGm; ​o ​z ] ​iÙf ?​ol i,f ​a wmf RSd Rm​t Ryf tay:odkh​ aRmuf​Iwnf​vsuf​ae​./​`​xdk​u j ,f​udk​r ] if​y ] ef​ aom​t ​cg​tvG ef ​~ rf;ar ] muf ​~ rf;om​c ] if;​RSd ​I ?​`​ td rf ​odkh ​~ if ​a v ​a omf ? ​ r ,f ​a wmf ​rm Rd MS iÙf w uG​ ol i,f ​a wmf ​udk ​a wGË r ] if ​vsS if ​y ] yf ​~ yf ​udk;uG ,f ​I ?​ rdrd​wdkh​bE @ m​OpPm​wdkh​udkzG​iÙf​y ) D ;​rS​avm​Aef​MS​iÙf​rk​Ref​ w nf; ​[l ​a om ​ eHh ​om ​r s d K; ​udk ​ž if; ? ​ a R… ​udk ​ž if;​ j ​./​`​aemuf​rS​a[​×k'f​rif;​u ( D ;​ qufuyfy ​l aZmf​u xH​odkh​r​y ] ef​R​rnf​t​au j mif;​tdyf​rufwGif​Asm​'dwf​ awmf ​udk ​R ​I ​rd ​rd ​wdkh ​y ] nf ​odkh ​tc ] m; ​a om​v rf;​z ] ​iÙf​ y ] efoGm; ​u j ​./

RSifr\JcRpf~if 2〺23

r,f ​a wmf ​MS ​iÙf ​ol ​i ,f ​a wmf ​udk ​aqmif ​,l ​y ) D ;​vsS if ?​ tJ *k w Ö K​y ] nf ​odkh ​a y ] ;​I ?​w​z ef ​ig​a y ] m​qdk ​o nf ​wdk if​ atmif ​xdk ​y ] nf ​Y ​a e​a vmÙ /​a[​×k 'f ​r if;​u ( D ;​o nf​ oli,f​awmf​udk​owf​tHÙ​aom​iSg​RSm​vdrfÙ​rnf​[k​qdk​ av​./​`​xdk​t​cg​a,m​oyf​onf​x​I​r,fawmf​14 MSiÙf​ol​i,f​awmf​udk​nOfÙ​t​csdef​Y​aqmif​,l​y ) D ;​vsSif​ tJ​*kw Ö K​y ] nf​odkhxGufoGm; ​I?​`​a[​×k'f​rif;​u ( D ;​tedpP​15 aRmuf ​o nf ​wdk if ​a tmif ​xdk ​y ] nf ​Y ​a e​a v​. /​T​ tau j mif;​t ​Rm​um; ?​igh ​om; ​udk ​tJ ​*k w Ö K​y ] nf ​rS ​ig​ ac: ​cJÙ​y ) D ​[k ​xm​~​R​bk​Rm; ​onf ​y​aRm​zuf​z ] ​iÙf​xm; ​ awmf​rl​aom​Asm​'dwf​awmf​y ] nfÙ​pHk​rnf​tau j mif;​ wnf;/ xdk tcg​a[×k 'f rif;u ( D ;onf ​rm*k ynmRSd wdkh​16 vSnfÙz ] m; onfudkodvsSif?​y ] if;pGm​t​rsufxGuf​I​ vl ​udk ​a pv… wf ​o ​z ] ​iÙf ?​ rm​*k ​y ​nm​RSd ​wdkh ​Y ​ apÙ ​a pÙ​ ar;r ] ef;​y ) D ;​aomu j ,f​.​t​csdef​um​v​udk​axmuf​I?​ Aufvifr » dÑ rSpaom​aus;vufRSdorsSwdkhY​MSpfMSpf​ tRG,frSpI?​xdktRG,fatmuf​,kwf​aomoli,f​ a,mufsm; ​taygif;wdkhudk​owfap​./​`​yaRmzuf​17 a,Rrd​a[mbl;onfum; ?​`​Rmrt​Ryf​Y​onf;pGm​18 aomnnf;wGm; ​idkau = G ;​r ] nf​wrf;​c ] if;​t​oH​udk​u j m; ​ R​I?​Rm​ac​v​onf​rd​rd​om; ​wdkh​r​RSd​aom​au j m​iÙf​idk​I​ pdwf​r​ay ] ​Mdkif​[l​aom​p​um; ​onf​xdk​t​cg​Y​trSef​ us​o​wnf;/ em​Z​Ruf​r » dÑ ​odkh​o​cif​a,​×È​ y ] efvnfu = G vmawmf​rl​c ] if;

a [ ​×k 'f ​r if; ​u ( D ; ​ t ​ed pP ​a Rm uf ​o nf ​a em uf ?​19 a,moyf​onf​tJ​*kw Ö K​y ] nf​Y​tdyf​ruf​udk​r ] if​y ] ef​ onf​rSm?​xm​~​R​bk​Rm; ​.​aumif;​uif​wref​onf​ 11 xif​RSm; ​I?​`​oif​x​avmÙ/​r,f​awmf​MS​iÙf​oli,fawmf​20 udk ​aqmif ​,l ​y ) D ;​vsS if ?​$​o ​a Rv​wdk if;​odkh ​oGm; ​ avmÙ/​ol​i,f​awmf​udk​owf​tHÙ​aom​iSg​RSm​aom​ol​ wdkh ​o nf ​ a o ​u j ​y ) D ​[k ​ qdk ​a v ​. / ​ ` ​ xdk ​t cg​21 12 a,moyf​onf​x​I​r,f​awmf​MSiÙf​ol​i,fawmf​udk​ a qm if ​,l ​y ) D ; ​vsS if ? ​ $ ​o ​a R ​v ​wdk if; ​odkh oGm; ​I​ aRmuf ​o nf ​RSd ​a omf ?​`​a[​×k 'f ​r if;​u ( D ;​. ​t Rm​Y​22 om; ​a wmf ​tm​a c​v o ​ nf ​ ,k ​' ​y ] nf wG if ​ rif;​y _ ​ au j m if; ​udk ​ u j m; ​R ​vsS if ? ​ xdk ​y ] nf ​odkh ​ r oGm; ​~HÙ ​I​ tJ​*kw Ö K​y ] nf​odkh​ tdyfruf​Y ​Asm​'dwf​awmf​udkR​y ] ef​y ) D ;​rS​*g​vd​vJ​y ] nf​ xGuf​ay ] ;vGwf​ar ] muf​c ] if; odkhoGm; ​I ?​`​c​Rpf​a wmf ​udk ​em​Z​Ruf​vl​[k ​ac:​a ~:­ 23 13 xdk ​ol ​wdkh ​ oGm ; ​u j ​o nf ​a emuf ?​ a,m​o yf ​o nf​ u j ​v ​wHÙ ​[l ​a om​ y​a Rm​z uf ​wdkh ​. ​MÈ wf xG uf ​MS ​iÙf​ td yf r uf ​udk ​r ] if ​o nf ​rSm ? ​ xm ​~ ​R ​bk ​Rm; ​.​ tnD?​em​Z​Ruf​t​rnf​RSd​aom​r » dÑ ​odkh​aRmuf​I​tr )J​ aumif;uif​w​ref​onf​xif​RSm; ​I?​oif​x​avmÙ/​ ae​av​./

10


Asm'dwfusrf; 20〺5

650 - 651

325

MÈwfuywf​awmf​au j m​iÙf?​vnf​yif;​z ] wf​c ] if;​udk​cH​R​ aom​ol​wdkh​.​~d​nmOf​rsm; ​udk​ig​r ] if​./​ol​wdkh​onf​ touf​RSif​I ​t​MSpf​w​axmif​ywf​vHk;​cRpfawmf​ 5 MSiÙf​t​wl​pdk;pH​R ​u j ​./​`​u = G if;​aom​vl​ao​wdkh​onf​ xdk​t​MSpf​w​axmif​r​ukef​rDS​touf​r​RSif​R ​u j /​T​ x ​a r ] m uf ​c ] if; ​um; ? ​ y ​X ​r ​x ​a r ] m uf ​c ] if; ​ z ] pf​ 6 ownf;/​`​y​X​r​x​ar ] muf​c ] if;​udk​~if​pm; ​aom​ol​ onf​r​*F​vm​RSd​aom​ol?​oefhRSif;​aom​ol​z ] pf​./​xdk​ odkh ​a om ​ol ​o nf ​ 'k wd , ​a o c ] if; ​. ​v uf ​MS ​iÙf​ uif;vG wf ​vs uf ?​bk ​Rm; ​o ​c if ​. ​, Zf yk aRm[d wf ?​ c R pf ​a wmf ​. ​, Zf ​yk a Rm ​[d wf ​z ] pf ​I ? ​ t MS pf​ waxmifywf​vHk;​c​Rpf​awmf​MS​iÙf​t​wl​pdk;pH​R​u j ​vdrfÙ​ rnf/ pmwef​y ] pf'EfpDRifcHRc ] if;

xdk​t​MSpf​w​axmif​ukefy ) D ;​rS?​pm​wef​onf​axmif​ 8 xJ​uvGwf​aom​tcG​iÙf​udk​RI?​`​taR​twGuf​tm ; ​ z ] ​iÙf​o​rk'<​Rm​oJvHk;​MSiÙf​trsS​rsm; ​aom​a*g​*?​rm​a*g​*​ wnf;​[l​aom​ar ] u ( D ;​av;​rsuf​MSm​ay:​rSm​ae​aom​ vl​t​r s d K;​r s d K;​wdkh​udk​vSnfÙz ] m; ​tHÙ​aom​iSg​žif;?​ppf​wdkuf​ 9 bdkh​pnf;​a~;​ap​c ] if;​iSg​žif;​wuf​vdrfÙ​rnf/​`​xdk​ol​ rsm; ​wdkh​onf​ar ] ​u ( D ;​rsuf​MSm​ay:​odkh​wuf​I?​oefh​RSif;​ ol​wdkh​.​wyf​udk​žif;?​cspfbG,f​aom​r » dÑ ​awmf​udk​žif;?​ ~dk if; ​u j ​. / ​ xdk ​t ​cg ​ bk ​Rm; ​o c iÙf ​t ​xH ​a wmf ?​ 10 aumif;uif​rS​rD;u s ​I​ol​wdkh​udk​r s d K​av​./​`​ol​wdkh​ udk​vSnfÙ​z ] m; ​aom​rmRf​ewf​udk​vnf;?​om; ​RJ​MS​iÙf​rdpQm​ y​aRm​zuf​RSd​Rm?​uefh​MS​iÙf​aRm​aMSm​aom​rD;​tdkif​xJ​odkh​ cs​ypf​vsSif?​ol​wdkh​onf​aeh​nOfÙ​r​y ] wf​urBm​t​quf​ quf​y ] if;pGm​aom​a~​'​em​udk​cH​R​u j ​v​wHÙ/ 7

aovGefolrsm; ​ wRm; pDRifcHRc ] if;

w​z ef ​wHk ?​z ] L​a om​y v ˆ if ​u ( D ;​udk ​ž if;?​yv ˆ if ​a y:​rSm​ xdkif​awmf​rl​aom​ol​udk​žif;​ig​r ] if​./​aumif;uif​MSiÙf​ ar ] ​u ( D ;​onf​rsuf​MSm​awmf​aRS¶​rS​ay ] ;vGiÙf​I​ol​wdkh​ae​ 12 p​Rm​t​Ryf​r​RSd/​`​aovGef​aom​ol​tu ( D ;​t​i,f​wdkh​ onf​yv ˆ if​awmf​aRS¶​rSm​Ryf​ae​u j ​onf​udk​ig​r ] if​ ./​pm​a pmif ​rsm; ​udk ​zG ​iÙf ​xm; ​. /​t​o uf ​pm​a pmif​ wnf;​[l​aom​t​c ] m; ​w​yg; ​aom​pm​apmif​udk​vnf;​ zG​iÙf​av​./​aovGef​aom​ol​wdkh​onf​rdrd​wdkh​t​us​iÙf​ t​wdk if;?​pm​a pmif ​wdkh ​Y ​a R;​xm; ​cs uf ​rsm; ​MS ​iÙf ​t ​nD​ 13 wRm ; ​pD​Rif​c ] if;​udk​cH​R​u j ​./​`​o​rk'<​Rm​onf​rd​rd​Y​ RSd​aom​vl​ao​wdkh​udk​tyf​ay;​./​r​R​Em​MS​iÙf​r​R​Em​ Mdkif​iH​onf​vnf;​rd​rd​wdkh​Y​RSd​aom​vl​ao​wdkh​udk​tyf​ 11

Asm'dwfusrf; 21〺8

ay;​u j ​. /​vl ​t oD;​t oD;​wdkh ​o nf ​rd ​rd ​wdkh ​t ​us ​iÙf​ twdk if;​w​Rm; ​pD ​R if ​c ] if;​ukd ​cH ​R ​u j ​. /​`​xdk ​t ​cg​14 rREm​MS​iÙf​r​R​Em​MdkifiH​udk​rD;tdkif​xJ​odkh​cs​ypf​av​./​ xdk ​a o​c ] if;​um; ​'k wd ​, ​a o​c ] if;​z ] pf ​o ​w nf;/​`​ touf​pm​apmif​Y​pm​Rif;​r~if​aom​ol​RSd​o​rsS​wdkh​udk​15 vnf;​rD;​tdkif​xJ​odkh​csypf​av​./

21

a,×kRSvifr _ dh opf

aumif;​uif​opf​MS​iÙf​ar ] ​u ( D ;​opf​udk​vnf;​ ig​r ] if​./​t​b,f​odkh​enf;​[lrl​um; ?​aRS;​ aumif;​uif​MS​iÙf​aRS;​ar ] u ( D ;​onf​aRG¸​oGm; ​ u j ​y ) D /​xdk​t​cg​rS​p​I​o​rk'<​Rm​rRSd/​`​oefh​RSif;​aom​r » dÑ ​2 wnf;​[l​aom​a,×kRSvif​r » dÑ ​opf​onf​rd​rd​cifyGef;​ bdkh ​wef ​qm​q if ​a om​​ r*F vm​a qmif o​wdkh ​o ​rD;​ uJÙ odkh ​ y ] if ​q if ​vs uf ? ​ bk Rm; ​o ciÙf ​t ​xH ​a wmf ?​ aumif;​u if ​bHk ​rS ​q if;​o uf ​o nf ​udk ​ ig​r ] if ​. /​`​ aumif;​u if ​rS ​u ( D ;​a om​t ​oH ​um; ?​bk ​Rm; ​o ​c if ​.​3 wJ awmf ​o nf ​ vl ​wdkh wG if ​ RSd ​. /​ vl ​wdkh ​MS ​iÙf ​t wl​ usdef;~yf​awmf​rl​rnf/​ol​wdkh​onf​udk,f​awmf​.​vl​ z ] pf​u j ​vdrfÙ​rnf/​bk​Rm; ​o​cif​onf​udk,f​awmf​wdkif​ ol​wdkh​MS​iÙf​t​wl​RSd​ae​I​ol​wdkh​.​bk​Rm; ​o​cif​z ] pf​awmf​ rl ​r nf / ​ ` ​ bk ​Rm; ​o c if ​o nf ​ ol ​wdkh ​. ​rs uf ​pd ​Y​4 rs uf Rnf ​RSd ​o ​rsS ​wdkh ​udk ​ok wf ​a wmf ​rl ​r nf /​aemuf​ wzef ​ao​a b;​r RSd ​R /​pd wf ​r ​om​n nf;wGm; ​c ] if;?​ atmf[pf​c ] if;?​yifyef;​c ] if;​vnf;​r​RSd​R/​t​au j mif;​ rlum; ?​aRS;​z ] pf​bl;​aom​t​Rm​wdkh​onf​aRG¸oGm; ​u j ​ y ) D /​`​yv ˆ if ​a wmf ​a y:​rSm​xdk if ​a wmf ​rl ​a om​ol ​u​5 vnf;?​ig​o nf ​cyf ​od rf;​a om​t ​Rm​wdkh ​udk ​t​o pf​ zefqif;​onf​[k​rdefh​awmf​rl​./​w​zef​wHk?​aR;​xm; ​ avmÙ/​T​p​um; ​onf​opPm​pum; ?​[kwf​rSef​aom​ p​um; ​z ] pf​.​[l​I​žif;?​`​t​rÈ​y ) D ;​y ) D /​igonf​tm​v​z​6 z ] pf​./​Óar​C​vnf;​z ] pf​./​tp​MS​iÙf​t​qHk;​vnf;​ z ] pf ​. /​ aRiwf ​a om​ol ​tm; ​ touf ​p rf;​a R​udk​ tbdk;​r ,l ​bJ ​ig​​ ay;​r nf /​`​atmif ​r ] if ​a om​ol​7 onf​T​tRm​wdkh​udk​tarG​cH​R​vdrfÙ​rnf/​ig​onf​ol​ .​bkRm; ​ocif​z ] pf​rnf/​ol​onf​vnf;​ig​.​om; ​z ] pf​ vdrfÙ​rnf/​`​au j muf​wwf​aom​ol?​r​,Hk​u j nf​aom​8 ol ?​ puf ​qk yf RGH ​RSmbG ,f ​a om​ol ?​ vl ​t ​o uf ​udk​ owf​aom​ol?​r​w​Rm; ​aom​ar​xkef​Y​rSD​~J​aom​ol?​ y _ ​pm; ​w wf ​a om​ol ?​×k yf ​wk ​udk ​udk;uG ,f ​a om​ol ?​ o pPm ​ys uf ​a om ​ol ​t ​a yg if; ​wdkh ​rl ​um; ? ​ 'k ​wd ,​ aoc ] if;​wnf;​[l​aom​uefh​MS​iÙf​avmif​aom​rD;​tdkif​ xJ​Y​rd​rd​wdkh​t​bdkh​udk​R​u j ​vdrfÙ​rnf​[l​I​žif;​ightm; ​ rdefh​awmf​rl​./


Asm'dwfusrf; 21〺9

652 - 653

326

a,​×k​RS​vif​r » dÑ ​opf 9

10

11 12

13

14

15 16 17

18 19

20

21

22

aemuf ​qHk;​a om​a b;​' Ef ​ck ​e pf ​yg; ​MS ​iÙf ​y ] nfÙ ​a om​ zvm; ​ck ​e pf ​vHk;​udk ​a qmif ​a om​aumif;​u if ​w ​r ef​ ckepf​yg; wGif​w​yg; ​onf​vm​y ) D ;​vsSif?​igh​udk​MÈwf​quf​ I?​vm​cJÙ ​yg/​odk;​o ​i ,f ​. ​c if yG ef;​w nf;​[l ​a om​ r*F vm​a qmif ​o ​wdkh ​o ​rD;​udk ​ig​y ] ​r nf ​[k ​ay ] m​qdk​ vsuf?​`​u ( D ;​r ] ​iÙf​aom​awmif​odkh​~dnmOfawmf​tm; ​ z ] iÙf​igh​udk​aqmif​oGm; ​I​oefh​RSif;​aom​a,×kRSvif​r » dÑ ​ onf ​bk ​Rm; ​o ​c if ​. ​bk ef;awmf ​MS ​iÙf ​y ] nfÙ ​pHk ​vs uf ?​ bk Rm; ​o ​c ​iÙf ​t ​xH ​a wmf ?​aumif;​u if ​bHk ​rS ​qif;​ ouf​onf​udk​igh​tm; ​y ] ​av​./​`​xdk​r » dÑ ​.​t​aRmif​ t​~g​onf?​ausmufo​vif;​e​*g; oGJË​uJÙ​odkh?​t​r ] wf​ qHk;​aom​ausmuf​rsufrGef​MS​iÙf​wl​./​`​u ( D ;​r ] ​iÙf​aom​ r » dÑ ×kd ;​v nf;​ RSd ​. /​ t​a RS¶ ​b uf ​Y ​ wH ​cg; ​oHk;​a yguf ?​ ar ] muf​buf​Y​oHk;ayguf?​awmif​buf​Y​oHk;​ayguf?​ t​aemuf​buf​Y​oHk;ayguf?​wH​cg; ​w​q,f​MSpf​ayguf​ RSd ​. /​`​xdk ​wH ​cg; ​w ​q ,f ​MS pf ​a yguf ​Y ​aumif;​u if​ wref​w​q,f​MSpf​yg; ​RSd​./​$oaRv​t​r s d K;​wq,f​ MSpf​r s d K;​.​em​r​wdkh​onf​xdk​wH​cg; ​ay:​Y​aR;​xm; ​vsuf​ RSd​./​`​r » dÑ ×kd ;​tr ] pf​onf​w​q,f​MSpf​xyf​RSd​./​odk;​ oi,f​.​wref​awmf​wq,f​MSpfyg; ​.​emr​wdkh​onf​ r » dÑ ​×kd ;​tr ] pf​ay:​Y​aR;​xm; ​vsuf​RSd​u j ​./ ig​MS​iÙf​p​um; ​ay ] m​aom​ol​onf?​r » dÑ ​udk​žif;?​wHcg; ​ wdkh ​udk ​ž if;?​r » dÑ ​×kd ;​udk ​ž if;​wdk if;​c ] if;​iSg?​wkd if;​p Rm​​ aR…​ usLvHk;​yg​./​`​r » dÑ ​onf​pwkRef;​av;axm​iÙf​z ] pf​./​ xdk ​ol ​o nf ​ usL vHk; ​MS ​iÙf ​r » dÑ ​udk ​ wdk if; ​I ​ r » dÑ ​. ​t ​eH ?​ tvsm; ?​tr ] iÙf?​,lZem​wRm​MSpfq,f​pD​RSd​./​`​r » dÑ ×kd ;​ 'k​udk​wdkif;​I?​vltawmif​uJÙ​odkh​aom​aumif;​uif​ w​ref​tawmif​tm; ​z ] iÙf?​wRm​​ av;​q,f​ av;​ awmif​RSd​./​`​r » dÑ ​×kd ;​udk,f​onf​e​*g; oGJË​ausmuf​z ] pf​ ./​r » dÑ ​o nf ​v nf;​u j nf ​v if ​a om​z ef ​MS ​iÙf ​wl ​a om​ aR… pif ​z ] pf ​. /​`​r » dÑ ×kd ;​t r ] pf ​wdkh ​o nf ​ausmuf ​r ] wf​ tr s d K;​r s d K;​MS ​iÙf ​y ] nfÙ ​pHk ​u j ​. /​yX​r ​t r ] pf ​um; ​e​*g; oGJË​ z ] pf​./​'k​wd​,​tr ] pf​um; ​eDvm?​w​wd​,​t​r ] pf​um; ​ r​[l ​Rm?​pwk w ’ ​t ​r ] pf ​um; ​r ] ?​`​yOၬ r​t ​r ] pf ​um; ​ au j mif ?​ qXr​ t​r ] pf ​um; ​ ausmuf ​eD ?​ ow Ö r​ tr ] pf ​um; ​c×k ok vd wf ?​tØ​r ​t ​r ] pf ​um; ​rs uf RGJ ?​ e~​r​tr ] pf​um; ​O\​z​Rm; ?​'o​r​t​r ] pf​um; ​c×k​ ok y ] wf ?​{u​' ​o ​r ​t ​r ] pf ​um; ​~Sg​ud M}K?​'Gg​' o​r​ tr ] pf ​um; ​ a*:​rk wf ​z ] pf ​o wnf;/​`​ wH ​cg; RG uf​ wq,f ​MS pf RG uf ​t ​oD;​t ​oD;​wdkh ​o nf ​yk ​vJ ​w y ] m; ​ pD z ] iÙf ​y ) D ;​I ​yk vJ ​w q,f ​MS pf ​y ] m; ​z ] pf ​u j ​. /​r » dÑ ​v rf;​r​ onf ​u j nf ​v if ​a om​z ef ​uJÙ ​odkh ​a om​aR… ​p if ​z ] pf​ ./​`​r » dÑ ​xJ ​Y ​Ad rmef ​a wmf ​udk ​ig​r r ] if /​t​a u j mif;​

Asm'dwfusrf; 22〺7

rlum; ?​t​eMW​wef​cdk;​MS​iÙf​y ] nfÙ​pHk​awmf​rl​aom​xm​~R​ t​RSif​bk​Rm; ​ocif​MS​iÙf​odk;​oi,f​onf​xdk​r » dÑ ​.​Adrmef​ z ] pf ​a wmf ​rl ​. /​`​xdk ​r » dÑ ​o nf ​ae​. ​t ​a Rmif ?​v.​23 taRmif ​udk ​tvdk ​r ​RSd /​t​a u j mif;​rl ​um; ?​bk Rm; ​ ocif​.​bkef;awmf​onf​xdk​r » dÑ ​udk​vif;​ap​./​odk;​ oi,f​onf​vnf;​xdk​r » dÑ ​.​qD​rD;​z ] pf​./​`​vl​tr s d K;​r s d K;​24 wdkh ​o nf ​xdk ​r » dÑ ​. ​t ​v if;​udk ​t​rSD ​y _ ​I ​oGm; ​vm​u j ​ vdrfÙ​rnf/​avm​uD​RSif​bkRif​wdkh​onf​vnf;​rd​rd​wdkh​ bkef;​t​o​aR​udk​xdk​r » dÑ ​xJ​odkh​aqmif​cJÙ​u j ​vdrfÙ​rnf/​`​ r » dÑ ​wH​cg; ​wdkh​udk​aeh​tcsdefY​tvsSif;​rydwfwwf/​nOfÙ​25 rl um; ​ rRSd /​`​ vl ​t ​r s d K;​r s d K;​wdkh ​o nf ​ rd rd ​wdkh ​ bk ef;​26 toaR​udk ​xdk ​r » dÑ ​xJ ​odkh ​aqmif ​cJÙ ​u j ​vd rfÙ ​r nf /​`​ npf nL; ​a om​t ​Rm?​ puf qk yf bG ,f ​a om​t ​Rm?​27 o pPm ​ys uf ​a om ​t ​Rm ​ w ​pHk ​w ​ck ​rsS ​ r ​~ if ​R ​bJ ?​ odk;oi,f​.​t​ouf​pmapmif​Y​pm​Rif;​~if​aom​ol​ wdkh​om​vsSif​~if​R​./

22

t​ouf​aR​pD;​Rm​r ] pf

w​z ef ?​ ausmuf ​o ​v if;​uJÙ ​odkh ​ u j nf​ vif ​I ?​ bk ​Rm; ​o ​c if ​MS ​iÙf ​odk;​o ​i ,f ​.​ yv ˆ if ​a wmf ​xJ ​u xG uf ​a om?​t​o uf​ aR​pD;​Rm​r ] pf ​udk ​ aumif;​u if ​w ​r ef ​o nf ​ igh ​tm; ​ y ] av​./​`​r » dÑ ​vrf;​r​t​v,f​Y​žif;?​xdk​r ] pf​MSpf​buf​2 Y​žif;​t​ouf​yif​RSd​./​xdk​t​ouf​yif​onf​toD;​ w​q,f​MSpf​r s d K;​udk​oD;​wwf​./​rd​rd​t​oD;​udk​vnf;​ v​wdkif;ay;​wwf​./​tRGuf​onf​vnf;​vl​tr s d K;r s d K;​​ wdkh​.t​em​aRm​*g​i ) d rf;​p​Rm​bdkh​z ] pf​./​`​aemuf​w​zef​3 usdef​c ] if;​ab;​w​pHk​w​ck​rsS​r​RSd/​xdk​r » dÑ ​Y​bkRm; ​o​cif​ MSiÙf​odk;​o​i,f​.​yv ˆ if​awmf​RSd​I?​bk​Rm; ​o​cif​.u„ef​ wdkh ​o nf ​bk ​Rm; ​~ wf ​udk ​y _ ​u j ​vd rfÙ ​r nf /​`​rs uf ​MSm​4 awmf​udk​r ] if​R​I?​ol​wdkh​e​zl;​Y​vnf;​em​r​awmf​aR;​ xm; ​vsuf​RSd​vdrfÙr ​ nf/​`​xdk​r » dÑ ​Y​nOfÙ​r​RSd​R/​qD​rD;​udk​5 t ​vdk ​r ​RSd / ​ a e ​. ​t ​a Rm if ​udk ​v nf; ​ t ​vdk ​r ​RSd /​ tau j mif;​rl ​um; ?​xm​~ ​R ​t RS if ​bk ​Rm; ​o cif ​o nf​ ol​wdkh​Y​aRmif​c ] nf​awmf​udk​v…wf​awmf​rl​I?​ol​wdkh​ onf​urBm​t​quf​quf​pdk;pH​R​u j ​v​wHÙ/ ocifa,×È​u = G vmawmÙrnf

aumif;​u if ​w ​r ef ​u ​v nf;?​ T​p ​um; ​o nf​6 o pPm ​p um; ? ​ [k wf ​rS ef ​a om ​p ​um; ​z ] pf ​. /​ y a Rm z uf ​wdkh ​. ​~d ​nm Of ​udk ​t ​pdk; ​R ​a om ​xm ~ ​R​ tRSif​bk​Rm; ​ocif​onf?​um​v​r​u j m​r​r ] ​iÙf​rSD​z ] pf​R​ rnf​trÈ​t​Rm​rsm; ​udk​rd​rdu„ef​wdkh​tm; ​y ] ​ap​c ] if;​iSg?​ aumif;​uif​wref​awmf​udk​apv…wf​awmf​rl​y ) D /​`​ig​7


Asm'dwfusrf; 22〺8

8

9

10

11

12

13 14 15

654 - 655

327

onf ​ tvs if ​t ​r ] ef ​ vm​r nf /​ T​pm​a pmif ​.​ tem*w Ö d ​p um; ​udk ​ apm​iÙf ​a RSmuf ​a om​ol ​o nf​ r*Fvm​RSd​.​[k​ay ] m​qdk​./​`​ig​a,m​[ef​onf​T​ t​Rm​rsm; ​udk​u j m; ​r ] if​./​u j m; ​r ] if​y ) D ;​vsSif?​xdk​tRm​ rsm; ​udk ​y ] ​a om ​ a um if; ​u if ​w r ef ​. ​a c ] ​R if; ​Y​ udk;uG,f​tÙH​aom​iSg​y ] yf​~yf​./​`​ol​u​vnf;?​r​y _ ​ yg​MS ​iÙf /​ig​um; ?​oif ​. ​vk yf ​a bmf ​a qmif ​b uf ​z ] pf​ ./​oif​.​tpf​udk​yaRmzuf​wdkh​MS​iÙf​T​pm​apmif​.​ pum; ​udk ​ apm​iÙf ​a RSmuf ​a om​ol ​wdkh ​. ​vk yf ​a bmf​ a qm if ​b uf ​v nf; ​ z ] pf ​. / ​ bk ​Rm; ​o ​c if ​udk​ ukd;uG,f​avmÙ​[k​ay ] m​qdk​./ w​z ef ​wHk ?​ igh ​tm; ​ rd efh ​a wmf ​rl ​o nf ​um; ?​ T​ pmapmif ​. ​t ​em​* w Ö d ​p ​um; ​udk ​wH ​qd yf ​r ​c wf ​MS iÙf /​ tau j mif;​rl ​um; ?​um​v ​t ​csd ef ​a Rmuf ​vk ​eD;​y ) D ?​`​ rw​Rm; ​a om​ol ​o nf ​ r​w ​Rm; ​o ​z ] iÙf ​ y _ ​a p​OD;/​ npfnL; ​aom​ol​onf​npf​nL; ​ap​OD;/​az ] miÙfrwf​ aom​ol​onf​az ] m​iÙf​rwf​ap​OD;/​oefh​RSif;​aom​ol​ onf​oefh​RSif;​ap​OD;/​`​ig​onf​tvsif​tr ] ef​vm​ rnf/​ig​onf​t​u s d K;​t​y ] pf​udk​aqmif​cJÙ​onf​z ] pf​I?​ vl​t​oD;​t​oD;​wdkh​tm; ​rd​rd​wdkh​tusiÙf​t​wdkif;​qyf​ ay;​rnf/​`​ig​onf​tm​v​z​z ] pf​./​Ó​ar​C​vnf;​ z ] pf​./​t​OD;​qHk;​aom​ol?​aemuf​qHk;​aom​ol​z ] pf​./​ t​p​MS​iÙf​t​qHk;​vnf;​z ] pf​./​`​touf​yif​MS​iÙf​qdkif​I?​ r » dÑ ​wH​cg; ​twGif;​odkh​~if​tHÙ​aom​iSg​y​nwf​awmf​wdkh​udk​ us​iÙf​aom​ol​wdkh​onf​r​*F​vm​RSd​u j ​./​`​y ] if​Y​um; ?​ acG;​z ] pf​aom​ol?​y _ ​pm; ​wwf​aom​ol?​r​w​Rm; ​aom​

Asm'dwfusrf; 22〺21

ar​xkef​Y ​rSD~J​aom​ol?​vl​t ​ouf​udk ​owf​aom​ ol?​×kyf​wk​udk​udk;uG,f​aom​ol?​opPm​ys uf​c ] if;​udk​ MSpfouf​I​y _ ​aom​ol​t​aygif;​wdkh​onf​RSd​u j ​./​`​ig​16 a,×È​onf?​t​oif;​awmf​wdkh​t​bdkh​T​t​Rm​rsm; ​udk​ oif​wdkh​tm; ​ouf​ao​cH​ap​c ] if;​iSg?​ig​.​aumif;​uif​ wref​udk​apv…wf​./​ig​onf​um; ?​'g​~d'f​.​tr ] pf​ z ] pf ​. /​tMG ,f ​v nf;​z ] pf ​. /​xG ef;​a wmuf ​a om​ rdkCf;aomuf​u j ,f​vnf;​z ] pf​./​`​~d​nmOf​awmf​MSiÙf​17 r​*F​vm​aqmif​o​wdkh​o​rD;​u?​vm​cJÙ​yg​[k​qdk​u j ​./​ u j m; ​aom​ol​u​vnf;?​vm​cJÙ​yg​[k​qdk​yg​ap?​aR​iwf​ aom​ol ​o nf ​ vm​yg​a p/​ t​vdk ​RSd ​a om​ol ​o nf​ tbdk;​udk​r​ay;​bJ​t​ouf​aR​udk​,l​yg​ap/ T​pm​apmif​.t​em​*w Ö d ​p​um; ​udk​u j m; ​aom​ol​18 t​aygif;​wdkh​tm; ​ig​ouf​ao​cH​onf​um; ?​tu j if​ol​ onf ​ T​t ​Rm​wdkh ​Y ​ xyf ​I ​ t​o pf oG if;​. /​ T​ pmapmif​Y​aR;​xm; ​aom​ab;​'Ef​wdkh​udk​xdk​ol​t​ay:​ odkh ​bk ​Rm; ​o ​c if ​ ouf ​a Rmuf ​a p​a wmf ​rl ​r nf /​`​ tu j if ​ol ​o nf ​T​pm​a pmif ​. ​t​em​* w Ö d ​p ​um; ​19 tc s ¸d K​udk​MÈwf​y,f​.?​T​pm​apmif​Y​aR;​xm; ​aom​ touf ​y if ​MS ​iÙf ​ž if;?​oefh ​RS if;​a om​r » dÑ ​a wmf ​MS ​iÙf ​ž if;?​ xkdol​pyf​qkdif​aom​tcG​iÙf​udk ​bk​Rm; ​o​cif​MÈwf​y,f​ awmf​rl​rnf/​`​ig​onf​t​vsif​t​r ] ef​vm​rnf​rSef​20 ay​.​[k?​`​T​t​Rm​rsm; ​udk​ouf​ao​cH​aom​ol​rdefh​21 awmf ​rl ​. ?​tm​r if /​o​c if ​a ,​×È u = G ​vm​a wmf ​rl ​yg/​ igwdkhocif​a,​×È​c​Rpf​.​aus;​Zl;​awmf​onf​oefh​RSif;​ ol​t​aygif;​wdkh​Y​RSd​ap​o​wnf;/

"r^opfusrf;wdkhwGif​aemufqHk;usrf;wnf;[laom​RSifa,m[ef​pDRifaR;xm; aom Asm'dwfusrf;​y ) D ;./


ISBN 978 1 906389 44 4

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Burmese Bible  

The complete Bible in Burmese. Judson Version in new typesetting.

Burmese Bible  

The complete Bible in Burmese. Judson Version in new typesetting.

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