Arts & Sciences Winter Magazine 2016

Page 1


vol. 33 no. 3


Letter from the Executive Director


Winter Exhibits & Programming Calendar




West Wing Opening


2015 Annual Dinner


MOAS Guild News


Volunteer of the Quarter, New Children's Museum Exhibit & Congratulations

An interview with Nesbitt's friend and assistant, Tim Hoffman, offers us a look at the man behind the canvas



Fall Fundraising Events Round-Up, Children's Museum Golf Classic & More

Artist Spotlight: Lowell Nesbitt BY MEGAN FINELY


MOAS Trustees and Members celebrated the opening of the newly-built West Wing, October 30, 2015


Zach In Time


John James Audubon’s Travels Through Florida

Africa: Up Close & Personal



See Africa through the eyes of a nature photographer Event Wrap-Up: Passport to Polynesia

From tropical food and drink to Polynesian fire dancing, this year's event was enjoyed by all


Over and Out BY SETH MAYO

The Hunt for Water on Mars ON THE COVER: “Giraffe-ing Around” Masai Giraffes, Photography by Dr. Harry Moulis, part of the Africa “Up Close and Personal” exhibit opening January 18, 2016 at MOAS






Executive Director ANDREW SANDALL ASHLEY ADAIR, Security TYLER ADAIR, Security JUSTIN ALISA, Security LEE ASHTON, Security MARK CARRUTHERS, Guest Services Associate JENELLE CODIANNE, Director of Marketing and Public Relations STEVE CONKLIN, Director of Finance ROBERT CONSOLO, Planetarium Educator COREY COOK, Guest Services Associate DEAN CORMIER, Facilities Assistant STEVEN DALLAS, Head of Security MEGAN FINLEY, Curatorial Assistant ERIC GOIRE, Director of Operations KELSEY HANSEN-KRAUSE, Education Assistant AUSTIN HARDEN, Security NICOLE HARPSTREIT, Guest Services Associate LORI HOEPFINGER, Guest Services Associate ASHLEY HOLLIS BUSSEY, Planetarium Educator SIARA HUNT, Planetarium Educator NICHOLAS INCANNELLA, Security JESSI JACKSON SMITH, Director of Development ARIEL JENNIS, Planetarium Educator THOMAS LEARY, Security ERIC MAUK, Curator of Exhibits DAN MAYNARD, Facilities Assistant SETH MAYO, Curator of Astronomy AMANDA MITCHELL, Security MONICA MITRY, Membership and Volunteer Coordinator AMANDA NEELY, Director of Sales and Special Events PATRICIA NIKOLLA, Guest Relations Manager FREDRIKA PAULIG, Events Assistant ANGELO PIERCE, Security CODY ROGERS, Security JASON SCHREINER, Planetarium Educator ROY SHAFFER, JR., Maintenance Supervisor LISA SHAW, Guest Services Associate ISRAEL TAYLOR, Physical Plant Assistant ROBERT WOHLRAB, Curatorial Assistant J. “ZACH” ZACHARIAS, Senior Curator of Education and Curator of History LUIS ZENGOTITA, Science and Education Associate




Dear friends, Welcome to the first edition of Arts & Sciences magazine of 2016, a year that the Museum of Arts & Sciences is happy to say that we finally have ANDREW SANDALL 100% of the Museum open to the public for the first time since the devastating floods of 2009. While it is always exciting to head into a new year, I really do not know how we can exceed the incredible moments that we enjoyed in 2015. It will surely go down as one of the important years in our long history. We had already opened the new Planetarium and Root Train Station in the second half of 2014, but the moment everyone had been waiting for came in February 2015 when we opened the doors to the Cici and Hyatt Brown Museum of Art. A giant crowd had been eagerly waiting outside to be among the first people to see the inside of the stunning building that they had watched slowly rise on Nova Road. The reaction from the community has been fantastic. So many people have commented on how they had no idea just how long it would take to truly look around the Museum and that they would need to come back at least one more time to take it all in. With the opening of the HoneyBaked Ham Café in the summer, it is now a premier destination in the area for a coffee, pastries, or to have one of their fantastic sandwiches for lunch. I do not think that it is any coincidence that our membership has grown considerably since the opening of the Brown Museum as it has given visitors so many more reasons to come back regularly. An equally big milestone was reached in October when the West Wing was finally reopened in its new form. The impact that the floods of 2009 had on the Museum were always visible in the old West Wing as we were never able to fully reopen every gallery or move back into the administrative and curatorial

spaces. With the opening of the new wing, we were finally able to put that era behind us and bring a more contemporary feel to the Museum with reimagined galleries and a new feel and design that gives the art a better chance to stand out as the main attraction. Of course, the Giant Ground Sloth skeleton has taken center stage in the new Prehistory of Florida gallery and it has been wonderful to finally display the mastodon bones to the public. We feel that we did something very special with the West Wing to help bring the Museum strongly into the 21st century. So far, our visitors agree! We also brought an American icon to the Museum late in the year with the final installation into the Root Family Museum. It was a special year for the Root family in 2015 as it marked the 100th anniversary of the patent being issued for their CocaCola bottle design. We kicked off a year of celebrations for them with the installation of a new display containing one of the rarest and most historic Coca-Cola bottles in the world. Even with all of this behind us, we still have plenty going on at the Museum. We will soon start construction on the new main lobby to the Museum that is expected to open by the fall. It won’t be long before our buildings are full of students taking part in the Summer Learning Institute, the Guild will be planning the next Halifax Art Festival, and new visitors will be coming through our doors for the first time, suddenly realizing what an amazing gem we have here in Daytona Beach. Our programs will continue to offer fun, educational experiences for all ages and interests. Our staff and volunteers will be working hard behind the scenes to make the Museum welcoming and informative, and I am sure I will continue to be found rushing around the Museum, two cellphones in hand, quickly moving from project to project! It is truly an amazing time to be involved with the Museum of Arts & Sciences and we could not do any of it without you. Thank you from all of us here for your support in 2015. We look forward to seeing you around the Museum in 2016.



GOLD Bright House Networks Brown & Brown, Inc. Cici and Hyatt Brown Guild of the Museum of Arts & Sciences Halifax Health Gene and Diane Rogers Travel Host Magazine Zgraph, Inc.

Thomas Hart, President Melinda Dawson, Vice President Bridget Bergens, Second Vice President SILVER Bethune-Cookman University Linda M. Hall, Secretary Cobb Cole J. Lester Kaney, Assistant Secretary Daytona Beach News-Journal Cory Walker, Treasurer Daytona International Speedway Amy Workowski, Assistant Treasurer Jon Hall Chevrolet Mastando Media Carol Lively Platig, Past President NASCAR ® Cici Brown, Trustee Liaison RLF Architects Liz Chanfrau Todd Huffstickler BRONZE Bahama House Janet Jacobs Best Western Aku Tiki Inn Kim A. Kancke, MD Bomar Construction Carl W. Lentz, III, MD, FACS Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University Chris Lydecker Florida Hospital Memorial Medical Center Gary R. Libby Trust Eileen McDermott Giles Electric Family Katherine Hurst Miller Tom and Peggie Hart Ellen O’Shaughnessy Consuelo and Richard Hartmann Kathy Wilson, MOAS Guild Representative Ed and Pat Jackson Allison Morris Zacharias Dr. and Mrs. Kim A. Klancke Jill Simpkins and L. Gale Lemerand Stuart and Lisa Sixma HONORARY TRUSTEES David and Toni Slick Miriam Blickman SunTrust Bank Anderson Bouchelle (Deceased) J. Hyatt Brown Alys Clancy (Deceased) Tippen Davidson (Deceased) Susan Root Feibleman (Deceased) Thurman Gillespy, Jr., MD Herbert Kerman (Deceased) Chapman Root (Deceased) Jan Thompson (Deceased)

Executive Director Emeritus Gary R. Libby

Arts & Sciences is published quarterly by the Museum of Arts & Sciences, 352 S. Nova Road, Daytona Beach, Florida 32114, telephone 386.255.0285, web site Income from contributors helps offset a portion of the expense involved in the production of this publication. ADVERTISING INQUIRIES All inquiries regarding advertising should be directed to the MOAS Communications Department at 386.255.0285, ext. 320.

ABOUT THE MUSEUM ABOUT THE MUSEUM OF ARTS AND SCIENCES The Museum of Arts and Sciences is a not-for-profit educational institution, chartered by the State of Florida in 1962 and accredited by the American Alliance of Museums. Museum collections and research include Cuban and Florida art, American fine and decorative arts, European fine and decorative arts, pre-Columbian and African artifacts, Pleistocene fossils, Florida history and regional natural history. Permanent and changing exhibitions, lectures, and classes highlight educational programs. The Museum houses changing arts and sciences exhibition galleries, permanent collection galleries, a gallery of American art, paintings, decorative arts and furniture, the Charles and Linda Williams Children’s Museum, the Cici and Hyatt Brown Museum of Art, the Cuban Fine and Folk Art Museum, a state-of-the-art planetarium, library, the Frischer Sculpture Garden, maintains nature trails in a 90-acre preserve in adjacent Tuscawilla Park, and operates Gamble Place in Port Orange. The Museum of Arts and Sciences is recognized by the State of Florida as a cultural institution and receives major funding from the State of Florida, Department of State, Division of Cultural Affairs and the Florida Council on Arts and Culture. Major Museum programs and activities for members, school children and the general public are also supported by grants from the County of Volusia, the Guild of the Museum of Arts and Sciences, the Junior League of Daytona Beach, Target®, Elfun Community Fund, and the UCF Educational Partnership. MUSEUM HOURS: 10 a.m. – 5 p.m. Monday through Saturday 11 a.m. – 5 p.m. Sunday The Museum of Arts and Sciences is committed to the Americans with Disabilities Act by making our facility and programs accessible to all people. If you have any special requirements, suggestions, or recommendations, please contact our representative, Executive Director, Andrew Sandall, at 386.255.0285. If you prefer, you may contact the Cultural Council of Volusia County representative at 386.257.6000, or the Division of Cultural Affairs, The Capitol, Tallahassee 850.487.2980, or TT 850.488.5779. A COPY OF THE OFFICIAL REGISTRATION AND FINANCIAL INFORMATION MAY BE OBTAINED FROM THE DIVISION OF CONSUMER SERVICES BY CALLING TOLL-FREE WITHIN THE STATE. REGISTRATION DOES NOT IMPLY ENDORSEMENT, APPROVAL OR RECOMMENDATION BY THE STATE. THE TOLL-FREE NUMBER IS 1.800.435.7352. FLORIDA REGISTRATION #CH-1851


I Got Rhythm!

The Charles and Linda Williams Children’s Museum at MOAS is always exploring ways to upgrade and change the exhibits that are available to guests. The newest

exhibit, targeted at some of the Museum’s youngest guests, is called “I Got Rhythm”. This exhibit is sponsored by PNC Bank.

The new exhibit provides the opportunity to play with drums from around the world, for example, a gong, bongos, djembe and a drum set. Rhythm unifies people of all ages and backgrounds. The Museum has designed this educational experience with preschoolers in mind. Our puppet, Harmony, will teach children how to play rhythms. We are excited to hear the unforgettable memories that your family will make at the “I Got Rhythm” exhibit, sponsored by PNC Bank. n


Phil Kenyon

Phil Kenyon graduated from Florida Atlantic University in Boca Raton, FL

with a Bachelor’s in American Studies. After completing college, he enlisted in the Army and served as a combat engineer in Vietnam. Later on he joined the laundromat business, but after 7 long years, he decided that his next adventure should be joining the Postal Service. He worked in the Postal Service industry for 31 years before deciding to retire. Retirement and the desire to keep busy brought him to volunteer in the Gift Shop at MOAS. Phil has always had an interest in the Liberal Arts, which is evident through his book and classical music collections. He enjoys his time volunteering for MOAS and views it all as a learning experience. n

CONGRATULATIONS! Congratulations to MOAS Trustee, Dr. Thurman Gillespy Jr., and his wife, Elaine Gillespy, on winning the 2014 Tippen Davidson Award for the Arts. The Tippen Davidson Award for the Arts was established to recognize leadership and long standing support by individuals of cultural endeavors in Volusia County by the Volusia County Cultural Alliance.

Dr. Thurman Gillespy Jr. and his daughter, Janet Gillespy, in front of the 2014 Award.


Congratulations to the Guild of the Museum of Arts & Sciences for receiving an Agency Champion Award at the 2015 National Philanthropy Day celebration, presented by the Volusia-Flagler Chapter of the Association of Fundraising Professionals on November 19th. The Museum nominated the Guild as its Agency Champion in recognition of its energy, enthusiasm, and fundraisers that excite Museum visitors and patrons throughout the year. The Guild has been actively promoting and supporting the Museum since 1962. The Museum could not provide the From left to right, MOAS Trustee, Ellen O’Shaughnessy, Executive Andrew Sandall, Guild President, Kathy Wilson, Guild level of service in the community that it does Director, Treasurer, George Fortuna, Guild Past President, Joan Horneff, and Pat Abernathy without the support of this hard-working and funloving group of friends. n



MOAS Annual Dinner, December 7, 2015

Marion Whelton, winner of the MOAS Marge Sigerson Volunteer of the Year Award, and Executive Director, Andrew Sandall.


t this year’s Annual Dinner, the MOAS Board of Trustees recognized those who have made some of the most significant contributions to the Museum’s efforts with these awards: The MOAS Marge Sigerson Volunteer of the Year Award, which recognizes exceptional volunteerism with MOAS, was presented to Marion Whelton. Marion and her husband retired and moved to Daytona Beach in 1987 after their twin daughters left for college. Shortly after, Marion began volunteering at MOAS as a docent and has enjoyed it for the past 28 years. Having always been interested in history and art, Marion has enjoyed educating others about the Museum exhibits. Her most vivid memories over the years include learning about the Russian dinosaurs, the Egyptian mummies, Greek Pottery, and of course, the new Cici and Hyatt Brown Museum of Art. This past year, Marion became the Head Docent at MOAS and has provided outreach presentations to schools and clubs, as well as teaching and mentoring new docents at the Museum. 8 ARTS & SCIENCES MAGAZINE

Honorary Trustee, Dr. Thurman Gillespy Jr. and Board of Trustees President, Tom Hart at the 2015 Annual Dinner.

The MOAS Award of Distinction offered in honor of longtime support and outstanding service to the Museum was presented to MOAS Trustee, Barbara Young. Barbara Young first started as a member of the MOAS Board of Trustees in 2004 and has served the Museum in numerous officer positions. She is an active member of the Garden Club of the Halifax Country and was involved from day one in the planning and execution of the Sensory Garden, which was a large project for the Museum. This Sensory Garden, which is at the front entrance to the Klancke Environmental Center, is an elevated garden that is not only visually beautiful, but also promotes visitors to experience the garden through touch, sound and smell. The Museum would like to express its sincere thanks for the service given by Barbara Young and know that she will continue to remain an active member of the Museum for years to come. It was the Museum’s great pleasure to present Dr. Thurman Gillespy Jr. with the title of Honorary Trustee. The achievement of becoming an Honorary

Executive Director, Andrew Sandall with MOAS Trustee, Barbara Young, winner of the MOAS Award of Distinction.

Trustee is a very rare and very special recognition, one that hasn’t been granted by the Museum since 1992. Dr. Gillespy and his wife Elaine have been integral to the development of the Museum throughout the last nine years. The first year that Dr. Gillespy was appointed to the Board of Trustees in 2006, he and his wife contributed generous funding that allowed for the renovation of a gallery that became known as the Elaine and Thurman Gillespy Jr. Gallery. It is through our memories that we will recall this gallery, as it has now been replaced with a beautiful new gallery that bears the same name in the newly reopened West Wing of the Museum. The couple has remained committed to and engaged in the life and the growth of the Museum of Arts & Sciences. Most recently, they made the lead gift that allowed the Museum to obtain the grant funding to construct a new museum lobby, which is scheduled to open in the fall of 2016. We thank Dr. Gillespy for all that he has done and continues to do for the Museum. n


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Lowell Nesbitt

By Megan Finley, Curatorial Assistant

The Jack Mitchell and Robert Pavlik Collection represents some of the best known artists from the 20th century. Lowell Nesbitt, whose work is featured prominently in the collection, was one such artist. His work covers a wide range of subjects including X-ray inspired paintings, “portraits” of artists’ studios, and perhaps most famously, his series of flower paintings. Nesbitt was capable of astounding artistic output, with his flower series alone consisting of over 400 works. His unique artistic style and perspective earned him a place in galleries and collections both nationally and internationally.

Nesbitt was born in 1933 in Baltimore, Maryland. He studied at the Tyler School of Art at Temple University in Philadelphia, graduating in 1955. He briefly attended the Royal College of Art in London from 1955 to 1956 and was in the U.S. military for a short time. Nesbitt was inspired to focus on painting during his stint at the Phillips Collection as a guard. His work was exhibited for the first time in 1958 at the Baltimore Museum of Art. By the 1960s Nesbitt’s reputation as an artist was growing, with his work being exhibited in numerous galleries. In 1969 and 1970 NASA named him the official artist of the Apollo 9 and Apollo 13 missions. In 1980 the US Postal Service released a series of four postage stamps based on his flower series. He died in 1993 in SoHo leaving behind a large and diverse body of work. For this article I had the pleasure of interviewing Tim Hoffman, a friend and the assistant of Lowell Nesbitt. In this interview Mr. Hoffman offers us a look at the man behind the canvas. Continued on page 12

The exhibit which is showing Nesbitt’s work, along with other artists, is the Jack Mitchell and Robert Pavlik Collection; do you have any stories about Nesbitt and Mitchell? “Lowell and Jack were esteemed professionals and friends with great respect and admiration for each other’s work. There is a detached, almost cold, and candid perspective in their works that they shared. Every year Lowell had Christmas dinner with Jack and his partner Bob Pavlik at their apartment where they exchanged gifts. Lowell always gave a painting, drawing or a print and received a photograph from Jack. It was a long, loyal, and warm friendship and both had impressive collections of each other’s work. They spoke on their studio phones to each other endlessly and often. Long after Nesbitt died, Jack expressed his love and concern for Lowell’s work and the fate of his own collection.” The works of his that we have are primarily of his flowers; do you have any interesting stories regarding his series of flower paintings? “Despite what people commonly thought, Nesbitt’s subject matter was much greater than the “flower series.” His oeuvre included architecture, landscape, still life: his clothes, his shoes, animals, the human figure and technology. He was extremely prolific, much to many critic’s dismay; in fact, prolific enough to leave the impression with anyone not paying attention that all he did were floral works. Indeed, he produced enough in his “flower series” alone to eclipse most other artist’s lifetime work. As sketches for his flower paintings he created cut out collages from flower seed catalogs (instead of pencil sketches) which he was heavily criticized for. Perhaps they assumed he painted directly from the seed catalog, unaware that his catalog collages themselves were marvelous “spin-off" works of art. But, also not commonly known is that Nesbitt was a master draftsman and produced enough highly skilled drawings in all subject matters to leave anyone with the impression that he only did drawings. He always felt some distress that his voluminous production was sometimes denounced by critics as a distraction from quality, but he was too fueled with energy and confidence to let it slow him down.” What was Nesbitt’s relationship like with the art community at large as well as the gay community? “Nesbitt never downplayed being gay as most other gay artists did successfully in his time. He was a naturally flamboyant loner which made him a difficult and complex person to evaluate artistically – if one made that mistake. While his talent may have amplified his personality, it did not always work both ways. Nesbitt had social connections, dealers with connections, other artist friends with connections, and ultimately connections to much money, but he had obstacles with prevailing art critics, as his nemesis, Henry Geldzahler, whose crucial timely praise escaped him. And if you were perceived as too gay – as the term applied in that day – a barrier existed: and People Magazine would not go with a story on you, and it sort of continued down the line and blocked bigger commercial success. Nonetheless, Nesbitt accomplished much that has been hailed by both communities.” Do you have any personal stories about Nesbitt that you would like to share? “Lowell was an extremely gifted and successful artist who, despite it all, still died penniless. He had a wonderful sense of humor which one day toward the end of his fortune and his life involved serious hesitation about discarding a large cardboard refrigerator box on the streets of New York outside his heavily mortgaged loft studio. Having left the potential homeless habitat on the sidewalk for refuse collection, Lowell knowingly turned and remarked, “Hoffman, wait a minute, I may be needing that box.” n

From top: Grapes 81, Lowell Nesbitt; Jack Mitchell and Robert Pavlik Collection Photograph of Lowell Nesbitt and Jack Mitchell Lily on Gold – 69, Lowell Nesbitt; Jack Mitchell and Robert Pavlik Collection



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Up Close & Personal By Dr. Harry Moulis

After taking a one-year photography course during my junior year of high school in Isfahan, Iran, I became yearbook photography editor during my senior year. I gained experience by editing college and medical school yearbooks and photographed sporting events, theatrical productions, weddings, baptisms, vacations, and wildlife. I soon discovered that I enjoyed outdoor, nature, scenery and wildlife photography the best. I have been honored with the inclusion of my images in Audubon and National Geographic publications. One of my hobbies is paddling canoes and kayaks. Naturally, I take my photographic equipment with me. Throughout the years, I have learned tricks and techniques to capture sharp images. In fact, I have an e-book published titled, Nature Photography Without a Tripod, and give lectures on this topic, as well as the topic of travel photography. I was humbled when first asked to display my Florida nature photography at the Museum of Arts & Sciences (MOAS) in September 2011 through March 2012. After my wife and I visited Zimbabwe, Botswana and South Africa in July 2012, I was again asked to display my work at MOAS. I took advantage of an opportunity to visit Kenya and Tanzania in July 2014 to increase my base of photographs from which to select quality images to display. My next exhibition at MOAS will begin in January 2016 and is scheduled to run for three months. The exhibition title, Africa – Up Close and Personal, describes the

exhibit quite accurately, with up-close portraits and depictions of intimate activities. This exhibit includes 58 of my photographs and one painting, by my wife, of a lion we had seen while in South Africa. Traveling to Africa When most people talk about Africa, they are referring to sub-Saharan Africa where amazing wildlife and scenery can be viewed and photographed. If you have ever wanted to visit Africa, I would encourage you to do so. Chances are, if you travel to that region of the world, you will want to visit again. Here are some travel tips for adventurous souls. What is the best time of the year to visit Africa? For wildlife viewing, May through August would be some of the best times to travel, since during African summertime the wildlife tend to be less visible due to the heat and the density of foliage which minimizes the spotting of animals. It may be chilly during this time, but wearing layers allows comfort. The most expensive times to travel here are during June through October and during the Christmas and Easter holidays. What are the best countries for wildlife viewing? According to several websites, the best countries for wildlife viewing are South Africa, Zimbabwe, Zambia, Botswana, Namibia, Kenya and Tanzania.


National parks and private preserves have professional guides who do a fine job of spotting animals that as tourists, we may miss. On vehicle safaris, guides are often in radio contact with each other and notify other guides with exciting sightings. Guides can also help identify the species of animals and plants as well as share information about their history, geology, geography and entomology. What wildlife will you see? The big five, a term used by hunters, include the lion, leopard, elephant, Cape buffalo and rhinoceros. Ideally, a guide will try to spy these animals while trekking through the brush. There are thousands of animals and birds and, surprisingly, 1,139 are reportedly endangered. The ten most endangered species are the African elephant, African penguin, African lion, cheetah, black rhinoceros, African wild dog, pygmy hippopotamus, mountain gorilla, Ethiopian wolf, and, the most endangered, the addax, also known as the white or screwhorn antelope. Landscapes, trees, plants, flowers, sunrises, sunsets and people also are all great subjects for photography. What should you pack for a safari? Pack layers of clothing, a hat and gloves, sunglasses, sunscreen, binoculars, a camera(s) and lens(es), extra batteries, and memory cards. Before a trip be sure to check the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) website to know the necessary vaccines that are needed. If you are traveling to countries that have malaria, prophylactic antibiotics are recommended. What types of safaris are there? Safari options are as follows: family safari, migration safari, traditional safari, walking/hiking safari, canoe safari, special interest safari, primate safari, beach safari and horse riding safari. My trips have been traditional “jeep” safaris with open vehicles which allow for great views with no window glare or reflection. Locally and on vacations, I challenge myself to try and capture close-up images. I take three cameras and three lenses in a photographer-specific rolling backpack. I do hope that you will take a trip to the Museum to see my newest exhibit and the beauty that I have been fortunate enough to capture in Africa. I would like to extend my sincere thanks to Borland-Groover Clinic for graciously sponsoring the exhibition. If you would like to see more of my work, my website is n






THANK YOU TO OUR PASSPORT TO POLYNESIA SPONSORS Signature Sponsor Guild of the Museum of Arts & Sciences Gala Sponsor Vince Carter’s This year’s annual Passport fundraiser was hosted by the beautiful Shores Resort & Spa in Daytona Beach Shores on October 10th. Guests enjoyed the tropical ambiance, food and drink of the islands, including a Mai Tai bar, a silent auction, and even an amazing Polynesian dance and fire show. The event was a great success thanks to our sponsors and attendees!


Entertainment Sponsor Lynn and Preston Root Toasting Sponsor S.R. Perrott, Inc. Valet Parking Sponsor Bergens Periodontics & Implant Dentistry

Table Sponsors

Cici and Hyatt Brown Brown & Brown, Inc. Carter Electric Chanfrau and Chanfrau Cobb Cole Melinda Dawson Daytona International Speedway Florida Hospital Memorial Medical Center Hall Construction Co., Inc. Thomas and Peggie Hart Lentz Plastic Surgery Lohman Apartments NASCAR Ray and Carol Lively Platig Gene and Diane Rogers Root Company VOA Associates Incorporated

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WINTER EXHIBITS Jack Mitchell and Robert Pavlik Collection

THROUGH FEBRUARY 21, 2016 This exhibition represents the collection of famed portrait photographer, Jack Mitchell and his partner, Robert Pavlik, comprising mostly of works given to the couple by renowned artists they considered first and foremost as friends.

Faces from the Past: Portraits from the MOAS Collection

THROUGH FEBRUARY 28, 2016 18th through 20th century portraits in a variety of mediums from the MOAS collection.

John James Audubon: A Selection of Prints from the MOAS Collection

THROUGH FEBRUARY 28, 2016 John James Audubon was a FrenchAmerican ornithologist noted for his bird drawings and paintings. Enjoy a selection from the MOAS collection of Audubon’s life devotion to painting birds and other animals.

Forms of Fancy: Sculptures from the MOAS Collection

THROUGH WINTER 2016 From an ancient tomb figure from China to a 21st century painted ceramic “Kitty Hawk”, this exhibit represents 2,000 years of sculpture from across the globe.

Africa “Up Close and Personal”

OPENING JANUARY 18, 2016 Experience Africa up close and personal through the works of Daytona Beach photographer, Dr. Harry Moulis. This exhibit includes 58 photographs of African animals as well as a painting.

Midway: Portrait of a Daytona Beach Neighborhood, 1943

OPENING FEBRUARY 28, 2016 Gordon Parks, American photographer, musician, writer and film director, is best remembered for his photographic essays for Life magazine and as the director of the 1971 film, Shaft. The photography by Parks captures life at Bethune-Cookman College as well as a Daytona Beach neighborhood that was known as Midway.

Coast Guard Paintings

OPENING MARCH 1, 2016 On loan from the U.S. Coast Guard Art Program, this collection features various paintings of the Florida Coast Guard in action.

Pacific Exotics: The Woodblock Prints of Paul Jacoulet

OPENING MARCH 5, 2016 This group of 47 original woodblock prints by Paul Jacoulet demonstrates not only his interest in exotic subjects, but also the remarkable range of techniques and unsurpassed skills that his carvers and printers used to achieve the images.

Stay in touch! For the latest exhibit and programming information, sign up for our e-newsletter at!


WINTER PROGRAMS Ongoing Events Wednesday Yoga in the Gallery Wednesdays, 5:30pm-6:30pm Take a break from your busy day and enjoy weekly Yoga in the Gallery at the new Cici and Hyatt Brown Museum of Art. Meet in the lobby to join registered yoga instructor, Ashley Brooks of Holistic Movements, for an hour-long session that will provide you with an opportunity to practice a series of gentle yoga poses. Class is open to all experience levels. Please bring a mat, towel and water. Space is limited and registration is required. RSVP to the Museum at 386-255-0285. $10.00 for general admission, $5.00 for members.

January January 9

7:00pm-9:45pm Second Saturday Laser Rock Concert 7:00pm Electrolaze 8:00pm Laser U2 9:00pm Pink Floyd - The Wall $5.00 for one show, $7.00 for two shows and $9.00 for three shows. January 12 2:00pm-3:00pm Talk and Walk: The Phenomenal John James Audubon Join Senior Curator of Education and History, James “Zach” Zacharias, and learn about the amazing adventures of John James Audubon’s adventures through Florida and his quest to document all of the birds of North America. View the Museum’s collection of Audubon prints that are currently on exhibit. Free for members or with paid museum admission. January 14 4:00pm-4:45pm Special Planetarium Show: Gamma-Ray Bursts – The Most Powerful Explosions in the Universe Gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) are the most energetic and dangerous blasts in the entire universe. Over the past few decades, we have gone from complete ignorance to a rapidly evolving understanding of these monstrous space events. Join us in the Planetarium for your introduction to these modern astrophysical marvels. $5.00 for adults, $3.00 for children, free for members or with paid museum admission. January 14 5:30pm-7:30pm American Wine Tasting Wine lovers, rejoice! Join us at the Cici and Hyatt Brown Museum of Art for an American wine tasting with S.R. Perrott. Spend an evening with friends while enjoying light appetizers and a tasting of wonderful wines from the States. Learn why we swirl wine in a glass and how to smell, taste and describe wine. This event is for ages 21 and over. Seating is limited. Admission is $15.00 and can be purchased in person at the Museum guest relations desk or by calling 386-2550285.

MOAS 2016 History-Con

January 23 • 10:00am-4:00pm Join us for a fun filled day of celebrating Florida’s amazing history with reenactors, presentations, and history organizations that highlight our local, regional and state history. Learn about the many history clubs and organizations that help maintain our important cultural heritage. Take part in trivia prizes, mystery objects, author book signings, tours and more! Free for members or with paid museum admission.

MOAS History-Con Schedule 10:30am MOAS Senior Curator of Education and History, James “Zach” Zacharias, presenting the history of Barney Oldfield, automobile speed racer and record holder on the sands of Ormond Beach. 11:00am James Bullock presenting Fort Mose, the first legally sanctioned free African settlement in what would become the United States. 11:30am Jim Sawgrass presenting the Seminole War in Northeast Florida, a view from the Seminole Indians. 12:00pm Joseph Vetter presenting the “Voices of Pride Reenactors Civil War History” 12:30pm Break 1:00pm Local authors and historians, Ron and Alice Howell, presenting “The Lost Causeway, Discovering the Old Kings Road." 2:00pm Daniel Friend and Rick Tinsley presenting "World War II Maritime History and the War Boats from Volusia County." Discover the major contributions to the War effort in our own county. 3:00pm Steve Noll Ph.D. Master Lecturer University of Florida Department of History presenting "Florida Transportation History: Planes, Trains, and Automobiles and Steamboats Too!" Learn about the hardships of travel in Florida and the eventual travel boom making Florida a major destination.

January 20 2:00pm-3:00pm Curator’s Choice Tour: Top Ten at the Cici and Hyatt Brown Museum Take a trip through Florida’s cultural history and natural wonders with Senior Curator of Education and History, James “Zach” Zacharias, as he discusses his favorite ten paintings from the collection. Free for members or with paid admission. January 29 2:00pm-3:00pm Porch Talk at Gamble Place: Florida East Coast Pirates Pirate History Contrary to popular culture, real pirates were ruthless vagabonds looking for easy targets to plunder. Learn about the many brutal attacks on St. Augustine and the demise of the notorious English pirate, Black Beard. Uncover the real truth about pirates and learn how a handful of pirates affected the history of Florida. Kindly RSVP to the Museum at 386.255.0285. $5.00 for general admission or free for members.

February February 5 6:00pm-9:00pm Stargazing at Gamble Place Come with the family and enjoy the beauty of the night sky at Gamble Place in Port Orange. There will be numerous telescopes setup for your enjoyment with ongoing live star tours of the current celestial objects that are visible. Evening tours of the historic houses will be conducted throughout the event and hands-on astronomy stations will be setup around the property. Hot chocolate will be available for purchase. Guests are welcome to bring their own lawn chairs and blankets, and warm clothing is advised. Kindly RSVP for the event by calling the Museum guest relations desk at 386.255.0285. This event is weather permitting. $5.00 for adults, $3.00 for children. February 6 2:00pm-3:30pm To Kill a Mocking Bird Written as part of Volusia County’s multifaceted promotion in conjunction with a program called The Big Read, Hey, Atticus!, an original play written and directed by Karen Poulsen, is a heartwarming portrayal of the relationships that made the creation and ultimate success of the well-known American classic, To Kill a Mockingbird. In the play, local performers depict the lives of the author, her editor, and her friends during the creation of the soon-to-be classic. Nelle Harper Lee, played by Terri Schmidt, is the plucky author struggling to write her novel with the encouragement and unwavering belief of her editor, Tay, portrayed by Carrie Van Tol. Friends, Joy and Michael, Valerie Orzel and Terence Van Auken respectively, offer Nelle support and a generous opportunity. Assisting with this production is Stage Manager, Heidi Ackerson, and Stage Assistant, Kay Stoddard Matheny. The Big Read is a program of the National Endowment for the Arts in Partnership with Arts Midwest. This event will take play in the Root Family Auditorium and is free to the public.

February 8 4:00pm-4:45pm Special Planetarium Show: Chinese Astronomy and Mythology As early as 2000 BC, detailed observations of celestial objects have been made in China. To celebrate the beginning of the Chinese New Year, we will take a look at the history of Chinese astronomy and the beautiful mythology that was weaved into their celestial recordings. $5.00 for adults, $3.00 for children, free for members or with paid museum admission. February 10 3:00pm-4:30pm The Many Faces of Realism in Western Art Join Ruth Grim, Curator of Exhibitions from the Appleton Museum of Art, College of Central Florida, as she takes you on a journey from the ancient Greeks to present time where the quest for realism is the strongest in fine arts. Learn about many of the western world’s greatest masterpieces of realism. Free for members or with paid museum admission. February 13 6:00pm-7:00pm Date Night under the Stars Celebrate Valentines with your special someone in the Planetarium. We will explore how love and romance are weaved into the cosmos during an immersive astronomy show as you are whisked through the stars. A small box of chocolate will be included with each ticket purchased. The regular scheduled Second Saturday Laser Concerts


with a special "Love Song" compilation show at 7pm will follow after Valentines program. Tickets for those shows are a separate fee. Seating is limited. Kindly RSVP by calling the Museum guest relations desk at 386.255.0285. $8.00 for general admission and $6.00 for members. February 13 7:00pm-9:45pm Second Saturday Laser Rock Concert 7:00pm Laser Love Songs 8:00pm Laser Beatles 9:00pm Laser Zeppelin $5.00 for one show, $7.00 for two shows and $9.00 for three shows. February 19 2:00pm-3:00pm Porch Talk at Gamble Place: The Edge of Empires – Fort Caroline and The Struggle for North Florida In the early history of European contact in Florida, the French and the Spanish were locked in a battle for the control of the southeast. Join Senior Curator of Education and History, James “Zach” Zacharias, to learn about the French stronghold on the St. John’s River and the founding of St. Augustine. Seating is limited, kindly RSVP to the Museum at 386.255.0285. $5.00 for general admission, free for members. February 24 3:00pm-4:00pm Famous Historical Black Floridians In celebration of Black History Month,

discover the many famous black people of African heritage who contributed to the development of Florida’s history from Spanish Florida through the 20th Century. Free for members or with paid museum admission. February 25 3:00pm-4:30pm Africa: Power Concealed, Power Revealed, the Art of Africa Join Dr. Robin Poynor from the Center of African Studies, University of Florida, for a talk on the Museum’s African collection. Learn the importance of the sculpture, ritual, and status items. Discover how these important objects were used as symbols of power and how to read the forms, motifs and materials used in their creation. Free for members or with paid museum admission.

March March 1 3:00pm-4:00pm Talk and Walk with Preston Root Join Preston Root, of the Root Family, and learn first-hand about the interesting objects that make up the Root family’s collection of Americana artifacts. Hear family stories and tour this unique collection. Free for Volusia County Residents and museum members or with paid museum admission.

March 9 12:00pm-1:00pm Lunch and Learn: The Women Artists of the Brown Collection Join us for lunch at the HoneyBaked Ham Café at the Brown Museum. There are many women artists in the Brown Collection such as Jane Peterson’s “Horseshoe Crabs” ca. 1950. Enjoy lunch with Senior Curator of Education and History, James “Zach” Zacharias and learn about the importance of their Florida artwork. Seating is limited and a RSVP is required. All lunch orders must be prepaid at the time of reservation. Call the Museum at 386.255.0285 ext. 312 to place your lunch order and reserve your spot! Lecture is $5.00 plus paid lunch for general admission and free plus paid lunch for members. March 11 3:00pm-4:00pm African Photography with Dr. Harry Moulis Join Dr. Moulis to view his exhibit Africa: Up Close and Personal, and hear about his travels and photography adventures throughout Central and Southern Africa. Learn about his quest to document endangered species from black rhinos and Cape buffalo to elephants and many others. Free for members or with paid museum admission. March 12 10:00am-5:00pm Smithsonian Magazine Museum Day Live! Enjoy free Museum admission when you present a Museum Day Live! coupon. Visit for details. Does not include admission to the Planetarium. March 12 3:00pm-4:00pm Dragons from Deep Time! Join Senior Curator of Education and History, James “Zach” Zacharias, for a look at the many ferocious carnivores from the past. Learn about Moasaurs, super crocs, Tyrannosaurus, and many other animals that inhabited the paleontological record. Free for members or with paid museum admission. March 12 7:00pm-9:45pm Second Saturday Laser Rock Concert 7:00pm Electropop 8:00pm Laser Metallica 9:00pm Pink Floyd - The Dark Side of the Moon $5.00 for one show, $7.00 for two shows and $9.00 for three shows. March 16 4:00pm-4:45pm Special Planetarium Show: Finding Water on Mars Take a journey to the red planet Mars and learn about our understanding of water on this cold and desolate world. We will take a look at the armada of spacecraft and rovers that have explored Mars, helping to uncover clues about its potential for life presently and in its past through NASA's campaign to "follow the water". $5.00 for adults, $3.00 for children, free for members or with paid museum admission

March 18 2:00pm-3:00pm Porch Talk at Gamble Place: Spring Nature Trail Walk Meet Senior Curator of Education and History, James “Zach” Zacharias, at Gamble Place in Port Orange for a short spring walk through the nature trails. Learn about the many plants and animals that makeup the many ecosystems of the preserve. Space is limited – call the Museum at 386.255.0285 to reserve your spot. $5.00 for general admission, free for members. March 31 3:00pm-4:00pm Talk and Walk: The French Connection The Museum’s galleries are overflowing with objects from France. Join Senior Curator of Education and History, James “Zach” Zacharias, for a walk through the art, history and influences of France as experienced through the Museum’s collections. Free for members or with paid museum admission.

CHILDREN’S PROGRAMMING February February 2 1:30pm-2:15pm Preschool Percussion (Ages 3-5) Learn about European rhythms. This class is brought to you free of charge by PNC Bank. Kindly RSVP in advance to 386-255-0285. February 4 1:30pm-3:00pm Winter Night Sky (Ages 7-13) Learn about the objects that can be seen in the winter night sky. $15.00 for general admission, $10.00 for members. Kindly RSVP to 386-2550285. February 9 1:30pm-3:00pm Light (Ages 4-6) Learn about light and how it powers the world. $15.00 for general admission, $10.00 for members. Kindly RSVP to 386-255-0285.

March March 1 1:30pm-2:15pm Preschool Percussion (Ages 3-5) Learn about American rhythms. This class is brought to you free of charge by PNC Bank. Kindly RSVP in advance to 386-255-0285. March 3 1:30pm-3:00pm Daniel Bernoulli (Ages 7-13) Learn about the life and the contributions of Swiss mathematician, Daniel Bernoulli. $15.00 for general admission, $10.00 for members. Kindly RSVP to 386-255-0285. March 8 1:30pm-3:00pm Asian Art Gallery (Ages 4-6) Learn about this culture and how they lived through their artifacts. $15.00 for general admission, $10.00 for members. Kindly RSVP to 386-255-0285.


THE WEST WING Unveiled to the World On Friday, October 30, 2015, the Museum of Arts & Sciences celebrated a momentous occasion by cutting the ribbon to the new West Wing, therefore marking it as open to the public. The ribbon cutting was attended by the Museum Board of Trustees, staff members from FEMA, the Volusia County ECHO advisory board as well as county and city and state government officials. Congressman John Mica was also present for the ribbon cutting as he played an integral part in securing the FEMA funding for the construction of the new wing. The West Wing was originally built in a dip on the Museum property causing it to be lower than the later additions added on in the years that followed. On May 19, 2009, heavy rains resulted in four to six inches of water flooding the Museum’s 20,000 sq. ft. West Wing. Museum staff were able to successfully remove art and artifacts at the first signs of water intrusion, but the space was rendered unusable due to the damage caused by days of continuous precipitation. Some galleries were able to be refurbished, allowing them to reopen to visitor. However, the previous home of the Giant Ground Sloth skeleton had to remain closed. In August 2009, the State of Florida Division of Emergency

Management issued a White Paper with a primary recommendation of demolition with reconstruction at an elevation above the building’s current level to prevent future flooding issue. With the help of Congressman Mica, the Museum was able to obtain FEMA funding to make reconstruction possible. FEMA financing was matched in part by a Volusia County ECHO Grant and a contribution from the Museum. The Museum also celebrated the West Wing opening by having an opening gala on the evening of Thursday, October 29, 2015. Those in attendance toured the galleries and enjoyed a delicious meal that was served in the spacious main hall of the new wing. Museum Members were also invited to an exclusive afterhours member drop in event. Docents were present for touring and there was even an awesome raffled door prize! The West Wing is home to the Karshan Center of Graphic Art, the Cuban Foundation Museum, the Gillespy Gallery featuring sub-Saharan African artifacts, the Marzullo gallery which showcases weaponry from around the world, and the Prehistory of Florida Gallery which is home to Florida’s Giant Ground Sloth skeleton. It has been wonderful to see a space that had been boarded up by temporary walls for so long now wide open and filled with people. n

Member Drop In Photo: MOAS Member Drop In door prize winner Gala Opening Photo: From left to right, Edith Shelly, MOAS Board Second Vice President, Bridget Bergens and Sheryl Cook at the West Wing Gala Opening Ribbon Cutting Photo: From left to right, Ellen O’Shaughnessy, Janet Jacobs, Allison Morris Zacharias, Todd Huffstickler, MOAS Board President, Tom Hart, MOAS Board Assistant Secretary, J. Lester Kaney, MOAS Board Trustee Liaison, Cici Brown, Congressman John Mica, Daytona Beach City Commissioner, Ruth Trager, Daytona Beach City Commissioner, Patrick Henry, MOAS Board Assistant Treasurer, Corey Walker, MOAS Executive Director, Andrew Sandall, Mayor of New Smyrna Beach, Adam Barringer


…the perfect place for your special events!

Events Coordinator Kim 386-481-7771 2150 LPGA Boulevard, Daytona Beach 386-274-0015 Tuesday through Thursday & Sunday 11am – 10 pm Friday & Saturday 11am – 11 pm, Brunch Every Sunday ‘til 2 p.m.






Fall Fundraising Events By Kathy Wilson, Guild President

What could usher in the fall season better than the 53rd Halifax Art Festival followed by the 11th Annual Festival of Trees? These are two of the biggest “fun”raisers for the GUILD this year. TEA FOR TWO 2015


The Halifax Art Festival (HAF) was held on November 7 and 8 with beautiful weather bringing out record crowds, much to the delight of the over 250 artists and artisans. As the second longest continual running art festival in the state of Florida, the HAF showcases amazing talent from a variety of artists. In addition, the Student Art Competition gives our local students the ability to display their art and even win monetary awards, graciously provided by the Helen Wessel Foundation. The Guild’s members and friends volunteered their time to support the smooth running of this

major event which is not an easy feat. The Festival of Trees began on Sunday November 15 with Tea for Two, a joint gathering of the Guild of MOAS and the Daytona Symphony Guild. The event was highlighted with decorating tables in various themes and enjoying sweet and savory treats, along with musical entertainment. Finally on November 19 the Festival of Trees Gala took place, this year in the newly reopened West Wing. Surrounded by trees beautifully decorated and up for silent auction, the crowd enjoyed a sampling of food from over 20 area restaurants. It was simply a night of fun and enjoyment, again with a record attendance. What a way to begin the holiday season! n

SAVE THE DATE! Children's Museum Golf Classic Mark April 11, 2016 on your calendars to participate in the Sixth Annual Children’s Museum Golf Classic. This tournament is sponsored by the Guild of the Museum of Arts & Sciences and benefits the Charles and Linda Williams Children’s Museum. We will continue to play at one of the top private clubs in the area, Club de Bonmont at Plantation Bay. The entry fee is $125 per person, which includes on-course snacks and refreshments, shirts, hats, balls, and other gifts, plus an excellent awards banquet. We will have 18 hole tournaments for men and women as well as co-ed and 9 hole tournaments. The tournament will be followed by an awards luncheon and silent auction. Let’s make this year better than the last, so please join us to “Play for the Kids.” For more information, please call the Museum of Arts & Sciences or email us at



Bank of America Biggby Coffee Bright House Networks Cinematique Theater of Daytona City of Daytona Beach Cultural Council of Volusia County Daytona Auto Mall Daytona Beach Area Convention & Visitors Bureau Daytona Beach Firehouse #1 Daytona Beach News-Journal Diana Minotti Fire Art, LLC. Donnie’s Donuts Downtown Development Authority Helen Wessel Foundation Hot Action Sportswear Kelly White Krispy Kreme Lamar Macaroni Kid Daytona Masotti’s Media Services Mastando Media Ormond Magazine Ponce Inlet Women’s Club Quality Inn, Daytona Speedway Riverfront Shops of Daytona Beach Rue & Ziffra WELE WFTV Channel 9 WNDB Zappi’s Italian Garden


4M Diversified, LLC. Adam & Dana Kennedy Amalfi’s Angell & Phelps Chocolate Factory LLC Bahama Breeze Café Heavenly Chart House Clancy’s Cantina Cracker Barrel Daytona Beach Symphony Society Guild D.B. Pickles Deli & Bakery Restaurant Florida Power & Light Fusion 43 at Rose Villa Hall Construction HoneyBaked Ham Café at the Brown Museum Ivory Thai Kitchen Las Bistro Leanh’s Chinese Restaurant Lost Lagoon Wings & Grill McKenna’s Place, Seafood, Sports & Spirits Michael’s at the Pavillion Mr. Dunderbak’s Bavarian Delicatessen & Restaurant Peppers Mexican Cantina Riverside Catering & Marketing S. R. Perrott That’s Amore Theia’s Pastries The Grind Gastropub Third Wave Café Vince Carter’s Restaurant




Travels Through Florida John James Audubon, the great American frontier ornithologist, was a phenomenon, a super star, and a true Horatio Alger story. He was a selftaught artist and scientist who singlehandedly lifted bird portraits to a status of fine art. Audubon accomplished this by creating one of the greatest art books of all time, “The Birds of America”.



Breaking from the tradition of the day, he created life-size ornithological portraits with birds set in their natural surroundings. His epic book, a four volume set, was an incredible endeavor beginning in 1827 and lasting 11 years until its completion in 1838. Back then, production of the book cost just over $150,000 to produce an enormous sum. In terms of modern day valuation this would cost well over $2 million dollars. “The Birds of America” consisted of

435 hand colored prints and contained just over 700 North American species with each print measuring 39 inches tall by 26 inches wide. The book was called the “Double Elephant Folio” for its enormous size printed on handmade paper. It makes perfect sense since the first page, or plate, was the American Turkey – an enormous bird. Audubon sold his book to patrons who purchased an advance subscription, which was quite pricey for the time, and that could end up costing close to $1,000 dollars for all of the volumes and biographies on the birds. After purchasing a subscription, the buyer would receive five prints per month that were shipped in a round tin consisting of one large bird, one medium bird, and three small bird species. It is estimated that not more than 200 complete sets were produced, but Audubon did sell enough to make himself rich and famous. John James Audubon was born a creole in Santo Domingo, Haiti, as an illegitimate child. His mother, Jean Rabin, was a French chambermaid and his father was a successful planter and

sea captain. Due to upheavals on the island, the family fled back to France where his father and stepmother raised him in Nantes, France. Growing up, Audubon was always curious about nature and especially birds with a great aptitude for drawing. After flunking out of the French Naval Academy, he was sent to America to escape inscription into Napoleon’s Grand Army. At 18 years old, he found himself in New York City, headed to Mill Grove, Pennsylvania where his father owned an investment property. Living at the Mill Grove Estate, now a museum and preserve, Audubon met and later married the neighbor’s daughter, Lucy Bakewell. Audubon became America’s first bird watcher; he had a passion for discovery as well. He conducted the first bird banding experiments and realized that the same birds returned to the same spot. He also broke the common scientifically held theory that vultures found their food by smell. At Mill Grove, through scientific observation and experimentation, Audubon proved that vultures find their carrion by sight, not smell. Eventually, the young Audubons moved out west to the frontier where he engaged in various business adventures in Ohio and Kentucky. Unfortunately, his lackadaisical effort in his business enterprises put him up in debtor’s prison. After his personal financial disaster, Audubon realized that his passion was for natural history, art, and in particular, birds. After a chance meeting with Alexander Wilson, the reigning father of American Ornithology, Audubon was inspired and set off on his adventure to produce his own book pertaining to the birds of the North American Continent. He began his journey down the Mississippi, eventually landing in New Orleans, all along the way documenting, painting and exploring the region for birds. His background artist at the time was a former art student of his, 12 year old George Mason, who painted 50 backgrounds or more for the book. Audubon also painted charcoal portraits of local merchants and taught dance and music to raise money for his endeavor. Eventually, Audubon set his sights on Florida, which at the time was considered the nation’s “Garden of Eden”. His expectations for his travels in Florida were high. He traveled through the peninsula on foot, horseback, canoe, skiff, and cutter. His background artist at this time was George Lehman, a Swiss landscape painter who accompanied him on his trip• through Florida. We know about Audubon’s travels through the many letters and journal entries he kept of his travels in Florida. Leaving Charleston on November 15, 1831, Audubon set sail to St. Augustine with his trusty dog Plato, a Newfoundland dog that was given to him by a hunting companion. Unfortunately, the harbor entrance to St. Augustine was extremely dangerous and only the best pilots could navigate the treacherous inlet. He wrote back to his wife Lucy that the famous ancient city’s port is “shocking, we spent almost 24 hours to proceed 4 miles”. He also wrote, “Saint Augustine resembles some dusty old French village and is doubtless the poorest I have seen in America”. He stated that the inhabitants are poor, lazy fishermen. He went on to state that the city is surrounded by thousands of orange trees and that the Old Spanish fort is a relic only

curious to the geologist. He shot some local birds, collected marine specimens on Anastasia Island and documented around 17 species in St. Augustine. After three frustrating weeks in the ancient city, he headed south along the Kings Road to the sugar plantation of General Joseph Hernandez, thirty miles to the south located in today’s Flagler County. He stayed for 10 days at the plantation, but never really made a warm connection with the general. Hernandez regarded Audubon as a spectacle of the backwoods with an unreasonable vocation. The general did not purchase a subscription for “The Birds of America”. On Christmas morning, 1831, Audubon hiked 15 miles to the most successful of all the plantations, the John J. Bulow Plantation, also known as Bulowville. The young Bulow inherited the plantation from his deceased father, a former Charleston planter, where Audubon was welcomed with open arms. He wrote very favorably about his stay at Bulowville. It makes sense, since John Bulow was schooled in Paris, they had a lot in common. Audubon used Bulowville as a base to shoot, document, and paint, in particular, the brown pelican. Setting out with the young Bulow and several slaves, they headed to Live Oak Point, now known as Ponce Inlet. There, among the mangrove swamps, he found his pelicans and shot several of them for possible mounting and painting. Upon the return trip to Bulowville, Florida’s unpredictable weather struck with a Nor’easter storm. Cold, freezing rain stopped the group in their tracks. Audubon, Bulow and the slaves spent the night stuck in low tide mud 300 yards from a marshy shore. The next morning they pushed for their lives to remove their small craft from the muck. They eventually made their way back safely to the warm comfort of the plantation. After leaving Bulowville, Audubon rode an Indian pony to the plantation at Spring Garden, owned by Colonel Orlando Reese. Today, it is known as Deleon Springs State Park. There he explored parts of the St. John’s River, including Lake Dexter and Lake Woodruff. After staying for the weekend, he headed back to St. Augustine where he explored the St. John’s River aboard the Cutter Spark from Jacksonville to as far down as Palatka. Eventually, Audubon left Florida disappointed and believed that it was no Eden, but he did not

give up easily. John James Audubon returned to Florida again with the help of the United States Navy providing him free transportation aboard the U.S. Schooner Marion in April, 1832. He headed south by bypassing St. Augustine to the Florida Keys. Finally, he found the Eden he was seeking. His host in Key West was Jacob Housemen, a notorious wrecker who profited off of desperate ships caught on the reefs. Audubon explored Indian Key, Key Largo, Cape Sable and the notorious Dry Tortugas aboard the Marion. He acquired the help of a guide named James Egan who was a native Bahamian living on the Miami River. While in the Keys, he painted the cormorant, grey king bird, flamingo, brown pelican, Key West pigeon, sooty tern, and many others. The sooty tern was documented on a trip 70 miles due west of Key West to the Dry Tortugas where the birds were so plentiful you could knock them down with a stick. Audubon spent 17 days in Key West and was even hosted by wreckers at sea that provided natural history specimens for him. On May 22, 1832, John James Audubon left Key West, never to return again. The Audubon Legacy will live on for eternity with his name being attached to the largest environmental club in the world. He was a man of boundless energy who in Florida, faced many trials and tribulations. In a time when there were no binoculars, museum collections, field guides and cameras, he had to shoot his specimens in order to document them. For all of the birds that he shot and mounted, it was a mere drop in the bucket to the general killing that was an accepted part of frontier America. Eventually, Audubon would find a great demand for his work, not in America, but in Europe, thirsty for information from the North American continent. He took a big risk by breaking tradition and combining art and science into one single effort. His amazing endeavor helped inspire one of the largest conservation movements in history and laid the foundation for the environmental movement in the 1970’s. n

The Museum of Arts and Sciences owns 63 original prints and a total of 103 artifacts. A portion of those prints from the permanent collection can be seen on display at the Museum until February 28, 2016.




The importance of water for life on Earth is undeniable. H2O is vital for all forms of life, and 70% of the human body is made up of these precious molecules. Our innate desire to explore has motivated us to search for life elsewhere in the universe. Although the search for earth-like planets outside of our solar system has been a big part of it, scientists are still looking for the potential for life closer to home.


uch of our attention has been focused on our close planetary neighbor, Mars. This ruddy red planet, 140 million miles from the sun lies in a region of the solar system that astronomers call the habitable zone: an imaginary disc around a star where a planet could potentially harbor life. The problem is Mars is a cold desert world, a place that doesn’t seem to be too friendly for living organisms, or even to the smallest of microbial creatures. But there is water on Mars, and where there is or once was water, it is believed that life could exist. NASA’s motto to “Follow the Water”, a campaign to discover water in the solar system and for the environmental conditions that could sustain life in the past or present, has been a driving force for many spaceflight missions to Mars since the beginning of the 21st century. The idea that water exists on Mars is nothing new. In the 1700’s and 1800’s, as telescopes were growing rapidly in size and sophistication, astronomers of the day saw white polar ice caps on both the northern and southern hemispheres of Mars, reminiscent of Earth’s same features. Before more direct proof, it was correctly assumed that these caps could hold enormous amounts of frozen carbon dioxide (dry ice) and water ice. Astronomers in this era also saw through their telescopes large dark patches that were thought to hold oceans, and some believed that alien civilizations inhabited the planet. The idea of an alien civilization on Mars was hotly contested, but direct understanding of the surface of Mars did not come until 1964 when the Mariner 4 spacecraft made the first flyby of the planet taking close up images. These early images showed a seemingly dead world void of life and liquid water. In 1971, the unmanned Mariner 9 probe became the first spacecraft to orbit another planet, which happened to be Mars. Mariner 9 returned thousands of images revealing a landscape etched with dry river beds, canyons and deltas – all of which could have been formed by the presence of water long ago during balmier periods. Now that Mars is frigid, with average temperatures of minus 67 degrees Fahrenheit, much of this water is found in the form of ice. The northern polar region of the planet contains mostly water ice with a thin layer of frozen carbon dioxide that covers an area in the winter time that is a little larger than Texas. In 2004, an ESA (European Space Agency) orbiting spacecraft, Mars Express, studied the lesser known southern

pole, finding that about 85% of the ice was frozen carbon dioxide and 15% was made up of frozen water. If both poles could be completely melted, it would cover the whole surface of Mars with 18 feet of liquid water! During the cold and dark winter, water vapor in the atmosphere is deposited to the poles, thickening the ice found there. During the summer, the ice on the poles transitions from a solid back to gas form in what is called sublimation. This drastic phase change creates powerful winds on the surface that stir up dust, and thin wispy cirrus clouds can develop in the upper atmosphere.

The rover, Opportunity, was very successful right off the bat when it landed in an area rich in hematite: an iron mineral usually formed in the presence of water. The rover made its way into numerous craters - gouged out by rocks from space that smashed into the Martian surface. These types of features reveal underlying areas, and Opportunity zeroed in on crater walls, especially an area called “Burns Cliff” that exhibited a layering of material. These stratified layers indicate where shallow ground water flowed, depositing material over time. Continued on page 30

Huge abundances of water ice have also been found in and under the Martian ground, and in 2007 NASA’s Mars Phoenix Lander made direct confirmation of this in a northern region that is covered in permafrost polygon patterns. This type of terrain is usually formed when water freezes and thaws over and over again, and is found in cold tundra environments on Earth. Phoenix may have directly interacted with water ice when a dig sample was made with its robotic shovel revealing a small exposed patch of bright white material. Scientists were excited when the uncovered material disappeared slowly, sublimating away. This is not surprising, since the tenuous Martian atmosphere of mostly carbon dioxide is less than 1% the pressure of Earth’s. Water at that pressure quickly boils or evaporates away. Ice is usually not a promising sign for life on Mars. Fortunately, there is strong direct evidence that liquid water was common on the surface, at least in an earlier version of the red planet. Billions of years ago, there may have been enough liquid water to support a large ocean, thought to have covered an area of lower elevation on the northern region called Vastitas Borealis, where Phoenix landed. If this was true, it would have meant that a third of the Martian surface would have been covered in liquid water. Discovery of past liquid water on the surface has also been the focus of the extremely successful twin exploration rovers – Spirit and Opportunity. When these identical rovers landed on opposites sides of Mars in 2004 in warmer, but still cold, locations near the equator, they found the type of geology that pointed to water. The rover Spirit accidentally uncovered bright silica rich material when one of its wheels had malfunctioned. The silica was most likely left behind from the eruption of an ancient hot spring or from searing hot steam rising through cracks. Even though these types of environments seem inhospitable, there has been evidence of life on Earth within these same types of environments.

Opposite page: A stunning high resolution mosaic of Mars as it would look from a spacecraft. Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech Top: A top down view of the north polar cap on Mars shows the water ice present during the summer. Credit: NASA/JPL/MSSS Bottom: NASA’s Curiosity rover found this rock outcrop on the Martian surface a month after it landed in 2012. Named “Hottah”, these rocks were most likely shaped by fast moving water long ago. Credit: NASA/ JPL-Caltech/MSSS

Knowing where the water is on Mars also has tremendous benefits for future human crewed missions to the planet. For a future dweller on the surface, the Martian water will be a crucial resource that will be needed to sustain a long term mission. Although the twin rovers were able to find many water-formed minerals and even places where fresh water may have existed, most locations studied would have contained water that would have been very salty and similar to sulfuric acid. In stark contrast to the stomping grounds of the twin rovers, the more recent Curiosity rover that landed on Mars in 2012 has been trekking through terrain that had fresher water, and even better chances for life. The size of a Mini Cooper, Curiosity landed in Gale Crater – an impact basin on the surface that is believed to have held water long ago. Only after a month following the successful landing, this hefty rover found uniquely shaped rocks that most likely formed in fast moving water. The Hottah rocks - as they were called - were cemented together as if a river had laid them down. Curiosity’s suite of instruments has been used to test soil samples and the air around the rover. In many locations, it has found the soil to contain water vapor and even organic materials - compounds that have carbon and hydrogen and are common ingredients for life. Methane gas has also been discovered to fluctuate, another organic compound that can be produced by life, but can also come from other natural processes on Mars. So why did Mars become a dead planet? This fundamental question continues to drive scientists. An important aspect of Mars is that it is a rather small planet (half the size of Earth); it wasn’t able to sustain a warm and active metal core at its center to drive a magnetic field. Earth’s active and powerful magnetosphere is generated by the spinning action of an iron-nickel core at its center, and this protects us from harmful radiation from the sun and distant cosmic sources. When Mars lost its magnetosphere “shield” long ago, it allowed the sun to bombard the planet with solar radiation and particles, eating away the atmosphere.


This process has now been studied in detail by NASA’s recent Mars orbiter, MAVEN (Mars Atmosphere and Volatile EvolutioN Mission), which has been flying through the Martian atmosphere. Just last November, MAVEN results were released, showing that the sun strips off 100 grams (1/4 pound) of atmosphere every second. This “eating away” of the atmosphere is even more pronounced during powerful solar storms that frequently occur. This type of data can

released findings that indicated the presence of brief occurrences of flowing liquid water on the surface. The extremely successful NASA orbiter MRO (Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter) has observed dark streaks since 2010 that have been given the acronym RSL, or recurring slope lineae. These RSL’s seem to occur in warmer regions of Mars where summer temperatures can make it above minus 10 degrees Fahrenheit. The chemical signature of hydrated salts were observed by MRO, and this compound allows water, in fleeting moments, to stay in liquid form at much colder temperatures – much like salt is used on a cold sidewalk in the winter. These salty streaks may derive from shallow underground reservoirs of water, making their appearance every so often during the summer. Since there is significant evidence for water now and in the past on Mars, NASA is refocusing their efforts from just looking for the environment that could support life, to directly looking for life in future missions.

Mars may have looked similar to this animated view of the planet filled with liquid water billions of years ago. Credit: ESO/M. Kornmesser/N. Risinger

be used to look back in time to see how the Martian environment evolved and altered the climate on the surface. With a thinner atmosphere, pressure begins to drop and liquid water easily vaporizes away. A reduced atmosphere also removes the “green-house” affect that keeps the planet warm. Temperatures are driven down and water then freezes. If life did exist on the planet, the solar and cosmic radiation would have destroyed much of it. With all of the bad news for Mars, the fourth planet from the sun still holds surprises in the search for water. Late last year, NASA

One very exciting mission will include a twin of the Curiosity rover that will be launched in 2020 to look for life on Mars. This 2020 rover, as it is informally named, will have a different set of instruments than Curiosity, better suited for looking for signatures of life. Knowing where the water is on Mars also has tremendous benefits for future human crewed missions to the planet. For a future dweller on the surface, the Martian water will be a crucial resource that will be needed to sustain a long term mission. It is amusing to think that if we don’t find extra-terrestrial life on Mars, maybe the water there will make it at least a bit more habitable for us. n

Dark streaks, hundreds of feet long, found lining the middle of the image were formed from liquid water welling up and pouring down this slope inside the Garni Crater. These streaks, or recurring slope lineae, are found to be salty. Credit: NASA/JPL/University of Arizona

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