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Jacqueline Ann Martinez MARCH + MLA PennDesign graduate portfolio


Contents 01

THE EPHEMERAL PARADOX [004 - 019] ARCH 701 • FALL 2014 • A Strategy of Urbanibbling Reboot_Bangkok TH

02

THE CONFLUENCE OF ECOLOGY [020 - 037] ARCH 602 • SPRING 2014 • Museum of Ecology_Integrative Design Studio

03

THE PLEXUS SPINE OF NORTH PHILLY [038 - 051] LARP 601 • FALL 2013 • The Philadelphia Studio: The Northeast Corridor

04

THE BASINS AT SULPHUR DELL [052 - 055] HINES ULI COMPETITION • SPRING 2014 • HONORABLE MENTION

05

HYDROPHYLIC URBANISM [056 - 069] LARP 502 • SPRING 2013 • Infrastructure for Open Waters_Coastal Park

06

URBAN WATER FARM [070 - 073] SCHENK WOODMEN COMPETITION • SPRING 2013 • AWARDED 2ND PLACE

07

WINTER WUNDERLAND [074 - 079] MEDIA III • FALL 2013 • Surface Modeling + Narrative Animation_Playscape

08

THE RIVER AND THE RAIL [080 - 087] LARP 501 • FALL 2012 • Traversing Landscapes_Bartram’s Garden

09

UNCOVERING THE INVISIBLE SYSTEM [088 - 093] ARCH 502 • SPRING 2012 • Breadboarding the City

10

RE-ENERGIZING THE URBAN AGRICULTURE CYCLE [094 - 097] SCHENK WOODMEN COMPETITION • SPRING 2012 • HONORABLE MENTION

11

TRANSITION: PERCEPTION DISTORTION [098 - 103] ARCH 501 • FALL 2011 • Concept Contect Content

12

BSA DESIGN CENTER [104 - 107] DESIGN STUDIO 5 • NU SPRING 2009 • Comprehensive Design Studio

Appendix 13

URBAN DETRIVORE [110 - 123] MARCH/MLA THESIS 2014 -2015 • A Renegotiation Between Growth + Decay


01

The Ephemeral Paradox An emergent entity built on opposite forces of constant flux

Massive Gangrene {but}…_A Strategy Of Urbanibbling Reboot: Bangkok TH ARCH 701 • PennDesign Fall 2014 • partner_Walaid Sehwail • critic_Francois Roche

Passage of decay and human detritus as generative sources for spatial and ecological emergence, evolving the urban biotope into an ecological succession composed of informal armatures creating analogous urban habitats for the marginalized species pushed out of the city from the rapid urbanization in the last 50 years. These assemblages of species, infrastructures, and material, both natural and artificial, create infiltrating cocoons, burrowing into the building, nibbling away at the concrete skeleton, shitting out re-assembled extrusions, creating armatures composed of infrastructure and analogous habitats for urban species, both animal and humans alike.


The Ephemeral Paradox

an emergent entity built on opposite forces in constant flux, one of growth and one of decline schizophrenic scenario -------prologue------(Walaid)

The trash always comes back around in these parts, the cracked limbs come back soft but wounded, it’s the slingshot force that pulls them back to shape. Its when the least expected rush of light comes, the violent thrust exfoliates the extremities. What is left is the passing of the most romantic acts: the kiss, the burn, yet a soft nestling between the masses, that is only noticed from their difference. Their differences dancing on the eve of lust, making love bring the new to the surface, the new escapes the old get rolled forward, everything leaves the deep cave…the host. The return is only the moment that never gets noticed. (Jackie)

The host is left abandoned. Alone. Unfertile. The signs of life left marked on the walls. The inner surface of the host scared with imprints of the past. The markings of aggression, of struggle, of passion, flung without regard about the space. The host consumes the moment. A guilty pleasure knowing without its presence the act would not occur. Eating up the dependency, proud of it’s own dominance. Dejected, the host yearns for the trash. -------pause------(Jackie)

Overwhelmed with the wash of soft waves, the trash resigns itself to the undertow of the blanketing liquid. Slowly disintegrating it’s soul, the trash takes its last breath before the white light of liquid whisks its DNA together with an unidentified entity. Scene 2. Act 1.

Yawning, the new soup opens its newborn eyes. It looks to its left and right, a sea of sameness expands to a seemingly eternity. A creeping claustrophobia and filth begins to set in, shattering the initial thrill of anarchistic freedom contained within the soup of eternity. Strategic alliances commence, the sharing of resources and protection in exchange from the promise of the new frontier, the frontier reaching for the light, for the sky, the purity, the endless expansiveness that lies above. Congregated communities begin to build, leaning on eachother in the shared agenda to climb higher. Reaching and reaching, growing and growing, a competitive race plummets upwards. Distrust and paranoia begins to infiltrate, the over eager, the risk taker, the driven, tear themselves apart from their comrades, slithering up, one by one. The anxious driver in the traffic, weaving back and forth, slowly making its way forward. (Walaid)

Pitch black not a person in sight, sweat drips the younglings climbing up the internal intestines that bring them home, a straight shot tubular space that shows Bangkok’s filth sucked up vertical. The smell of shit, grease and cum surround the younglings’ climb to the nest, a space for many, a place for entertainment, and joy, a place to take out the trash and bring the street life up and defecates their waste.

006 ARCH 701 • FALL 2014


THE EPHEMERAL PARADOX

007


SYNTHETIC HAIR COCOONING_CONTRACTION + MATERIAL TRANSFORMATION

2c. stage 12

nce

d is

1 a. jit t e

A_

r

t ur ba

t ur ba ce n

d is

pe e ty

. zon

PE

O

1 a . jit t e

+

2a. zone of agent ifluence 2b

+

+

dist urb an ce

2a. zone of agent ifluence

2a. zone of agent ifluence

1a. jitt er

r

N

2c. zone type B_COCOON

2c.

2c.

2 b.

.

1a

jitter

_O pe A zone ty

PE

N

stage 07

disturbance

stage 03

1b. re sult ant rep el c

li

ing ng

2c.

stage 02

+

stage 01 2a. zone of agent ifluence

2

stage 00 008 ARCH 701 • FALL 2014


2c.

VERTICAL BUBBLING EXTRUSION

2c.

1a. jitte r

+

2a. zone of agent ifluence

2 b.

.

1a

jitter

dist urb an ce

pe zone ty

A_O

PE

N

disturbance

1b. re sult ant rep el c

li

ing ng

EXPERIMENT NOTES

+

2a. zone of agent ifluence

Glue is extruded down into water container, the glue begins to “dry” by transforming from a viscous to a soild ‘bubble’ traping air inside individual units. The units repel the pressure at the bottom and climb their way up vertically, they congregate and form towers gradually extruding upwards. By the insertion of metal and plastic after the phase of bubbling, the bubble extrusions attract to their suface, clinging to the inserted armatures. THE EPHEMERAL PARADOX

009


CONTRACTION_ATTRACTION AND REPULSION

001

002

003

004

005

006

007

008

009

010

011

012

013

014

b a

B2 B1 1a .

C2 recoiling /cl inging

A2

1a.

1a

.

A1

reco il

ing /

07.

00:70

clin gi ng

C1

EXPERIMENT NOTES

Hairs repel the heat, recoiling away in on themselves and then cling to eachother, a material transformation from solid fiber, to viscous liquid, to quickly drying back to a soild again. A process of repelling, recoiling, compacting, and combining.

A

00.

B

01.

00:00

02.

00:10

+

00:20

03.

00:30

04.

00:40

+

05.

00:50

06.

00:60

08.

+

00:80

09.

00:90

+

stage 00

stage 01

stage 02

stage 03

hairs bound at both ends

disturbance applied at bottom. hairs repell, bulge emerges

hairs recoil and begin to melt. bulge periphery expands.

binding breaks. cocooning forms at ends. bulge densifies.

010 ARCH 701 • FALL 2014


+

Growth Stage 03

+

Growth Stage 02

Growth Stage 01

COCOON GROWTH STUDIES_DEGREE OF COMPACTNESS

+

THE EPHEMERAL PARADOX

011


T_05

RHIZOMATIC CANKER GROWTH

[200 iterations]

[200 iterations]

[160 iterations]

T_04

s]

[120 iteration

[160 iterations]

ns]

[80 iteratio

tions]

[40 itera

T_03

[120 iterations]

T_02

[80 iterations]

ENTRY A urban landscape entry \\ Soi Charoen Krung 51: (alley)

T_01

[40 iterations]

012 ARCH 701 • FALL 2014

GROWTH DEGREE OF WRAPPING TO STRANGLING

ENTRY B social activity entry \\ Thanon Charoen Krung Rd. (corridor)


INFRASTRUCTURE AS SPINE_CITY CANKER COCOONING 1850

Chao Phraya River

1888

Urban Density Growth

1900

Suburban Blanket

Bangkok Thailand, a growing south Asian city in global exports and industrialization has been subject to vast increases of population, resulting from rapid rural-to-urban migration. Rapid urbanization, one of the phenomena’s of globalization from the last 50 years has among many patterns, shown the importance of infrastructure within the informal growth of settlements within cities. Settlement, typically spreading from edges of infrastructure acting as armatures to the city for access to jobs and services society cannot provide for themselves. Infrastructure, the cities systems of basic utilities such as water, sewage, transportation, electricity, etc, are essential lifelines to society, whether formal or informal. Exhibited in almost all historic cities, the source of water has played a key role in development, an infrastructural keystone to trade, potable use, waste, circulation, etc. The water systems, especially exhibited in Bangkok along its canals and central river Chao Phraya have become the spine and scaffold of development spreading outwards throughout the land.

1922 1953 1974

CANKER SORE GROWING FROM THE RIVER AND CANALS

INFRASTRUCTURAL SCAFFOLD

SPINE

Chao Phraya River Historic Chao Phraya Khlongs (canals) 1974

1953

1922

1900

1888

1850

THE EPHEMERAL PARADOX

013


014 ARCH 701 • FALL 2014


HABITATION ARMATURES_Taxonomy of Infrastructures

THE EPHEMERAL PARADOX

015


GLOBAL LOSS GLOBAL HABITAT HABITAT LOSS source// The Atlas of Global Conservation

100% 90% 60% 30% 15% 10% 5% 2.5% 1% 0%

+

Habitat loss, one of the main aftereffects of deforestation due to urbanization has created a slew of ‘situations’ within our ‘urban’ fabric. Popularly believed as a binary dualism, forest versus city, in actuality, our cities are just another type of biotope interconnected within the overlapping loops of global ecology. Ecologies, a composite culturally construed term composed of acting agents with various agendas, interconnected processes, and abiotic ‘infrastructures’ supporting the cycles within. The urban biotope isn’t much different than the paradisiacal ‘wilderness’ we perceive of the nature ‘out there’. Aside from the human species with our own complex agendas and subsequent man-made artifacts, the species that had once dominated the land that has been claimed and converted to ‘urban’ do not see the black and white binary of the constructed two land-types. ‘Wild’ species instead adapt to the urban landscape, finding and creating analogous habitats. Our urban biotopes, specifically, the developing overcrowded cities, become subject to pathogens carried between species as a natural disturbance in the succession of recalibration within the global cycle we all are a part of. 016 ARCH 701 • FALL 2014

URBAN ANALOGOUS HABITAT

PATHOGENIC EMERGENCE IN URBAN AREAS

species re-inhabitat lost land finding analogous habitats in the urban environment

+

toxoplasma gondii

URBANIZATION_SHRINKING HABITAT

trypanosoma lewisi

histoplasmosis

HABITAT OVERCROWDING_% OF DENSITY

16X MORE LAND rapid increase 1944 - 2002

4.8 % growth rate 1974_50%

1922_10%

1953_20%

1900_5%


PATHOGENIC BIOTOPES

THE EPHEMERAL PARADOX

017


ANTHROPOGENIC CYCLE ANTHROPOGENIC CYCLE_Material Loops, Emergent Ecologies, Pathogenic Scenarios CONCRETE

PARTICIPATING SPECIES

REBAR

Ca(OH)2 + CO2

CaCO3 + H2O

cement

reinforced steel limestone

granite

sand

(calcium carbonate)

iron clay

carbon

siphonaptera flea

limestone

rhopalocera butterfly

chiroptera bat

aves bird

rattus rat

felis catus rat

homo sapiens human

(calcium carbonate)

CEMENT STALACTITE (aq)

(g)

Ca(OH)2 + CO2

(s)

CaCO3 + H2O(l)

Formation Water leaking through cracks in concrete reacts with the calcium oxide ffrom the cement, forming calcium carbonate when exposed to air. Small particles of calcium are left behind as the water drips away, allowing stalactites to form over time.

BAT HABITAT

Bats natural habitat of caves, roosting on stalactites protected from predators will dwell in analogous urban habitats similar to those of caves and stalactites.

URBAN FOWL

RUSTICLE iron oxide

iron carbonate

iron hydroxide

Formation formation of rust occuring underwater when wrought iron oxidizes. Accelerated by warmer temperatures, they form in water with little to no dissolved oxygen.

community of symbiotic microbes

schizophrenia bacteria

HUMAN INFECTION

eat the rusting metal as a source of food, causing microbial corrosion and producing the mineral compounds as waste products which forms the rusticle.

CEMENT STALAGMITE (aq)

(g)

Ca(OH)2 + CO2

urban debris

TOXOPLASMA GONDII

GUANO

step 1// oocysts ingested by mammal

an obligate, intracellular, parasitic protozoan that causes the disease toxoplasmosis. Found worldwide, T. gondii is capable of infecting virtually all warm blooded animals.

N + P 2O 5 + K

(s)

CaCO3 + H2O(l)

Bird and bat excrement high in minerals. Sold as a natural fertilizer throughout the world, popular in Thailand.

Formation During the stalactite formation process, excess drips excape the vertical extrusion and fall to the next surface creating mounded stalagmites typically creating a porous surface with many crevices caused from the dripping.

“normal”

fungi

(halomonas titanicae)

Structure contain channels allowing water to flow through, built up in a ring structure, can easily disintegrate into fine powder with the slightest disturbance

step 2// ingestion by secondary host step 3// rapid tachyzoites dividing step 4// dividing bradyzoites in tissue cysts step 5// ingestion of tissue cysts

vegetation contaminated by oocysts from infected host droppings, infilitrates soil and water and eventual plan harvested by humans for food. tachyzoites transmitted could potentially cause schizophrenia and other bipolar disorders

oocyst

INTERMEDIATE HOST 1

INTERMEDIATE HOST 2

urban birds likely to contract the parastite and bring it into the cocoon. parasite does not affect the bird in any real way. bird hosts the actute stages of infection where the parasite spreads throughout the bloodstream

DEFINITIVE HOST

manipulates the behaviour of the rat in order to increase its chance of being consumed by cats, its definitive host, ensuring the completion its life cycle. manipulating the anxiety and attraction nerves, the rat becomes attracted to the cat’s urine scent

finally arriving within the definitve host of a feline, the parasite can sexually reproduce within the intestines of members of the cat family, completely it’s cycle. the cat continues to spread the infection by way of its feces which can eventually effect humans

step 3// rapid tachyzoites dividing

step 6// oocysts consumed by humans

acute infection

step 4//conversion to slowly dividing bradyzoites in tissue cysts

POLLINATORS

chronic infection

FERTILE SOIL

The accumulation of dirt and debris in the stalagmite crevices starts to mix with the guano creating a fertile soil rich in nitrogen, phosphate, and potassium, three nutrients essential for plant growth.

HISTOPLASMA CAPSULATUM

an infection that occurs from breathing in the spores of the fungus Histoplasma capsulatum.

fungi

step 1// mycelial form in the soil step 2// inhalation of conidia by species step 3// migration to lymph nodes

DECOMPOSING GUANO DISTURBANCE

spores of the fungus, microconidia, are inhaled and reach the lungs of the host first. the warmer temperature inside the host signals the transformation to a yeast. ‘zombie state’

step 4// travels into bloodstream step 5// central nervous system dissemination

$$$

1. airbourne spore inhaled from physical disturbance and make their way into the lungs

2. the yeast are phagocytized by immune cells and move into the host’s lymph nodes.

3. once inside the lymph nodes, the yeast continues on to other parts of the body and into the blood stream

4. symptoms: influenza, fever, insomnia with daytime sleepiness, blindness. left untreated can be fetal.

extraction

PIONEER SPECIES GROWTH

TRYPANOSOMA LEWISI

First successional plants will begin to colonize in the soil. These pioneer plants will typically be annuals which start the process of forest succession. With their seasonal death, their decomposition adds to the nitrogen and other minerals that help fertilize the soil for the next stage.

a trypanosome of the sub-genus Herpetosoma (Stercoraria section), parasite of rats transmitted by vector of fleas

step 1// epimastigote stage: parasite in flea step 2// parasite reproduction in epithelial cells step 3// metacyclic trypomastigote step 4// injected metacyclic to human host

‘sleepers’

WETLAND

With the introduction of large quantities of water, the soil saturation will increase and transform the eco-type into a wetland community with hydrophilia plants and potential insect and water fowl habitants

018 ARCH 701 • FALL 2014

INTERMEDIATE VECTOR

parasite burrows in flea rectum. the flea then harbors the parasite through the epimastigote stage in its midgut.

BLOOD MEAL

flea bites a rodent and ingests its blood, afterwards, the parasites migrate and reproduce in the epithelial cells of the flea's stomach before migrating into the lumen of the stomach and finally into the insect's rectum.

DEFINITVE HOST

rodent ingests flea or flea feces. the parasite begins reproducing epimastigotes in the blood capillaries of the rat. trypanosomes appear in the peripheral blood of the rat, which looks like thick worms.

HUMAN HOST

infected rodent bites human. the parasite begins the same process of that found in the rats, eventually causing the ‘sleepy sickness’ which disrupts the sleeping cycle of the human and can eventually lead to death if untreated.


THE EPHEMERAL PARADOX

019


STRUCTURAL + FORMAL CONFLUENCE STUDY [physical model_3d-print, wires, acrylic, glue, thread]


The Confluence of Ecology

museum of ecology_a dialogue between organisms and their environments

02

Integrative Design Studio_The Nature Image ARCH 602 • PennDesign Spring 2014 • partner_Margaret Gerhart • critic_Justin Korhammer Published in Pressing Matters 2

The Museum of Ecology, located at the historic Pier 17 on NYC’s East River, exemplifies the essence of ecological systems in a dialogue between organisms, their environments, and the abiotic elements that shape all living things. The 4 elements braid together in a system of interlocking circulation loops that cultivate the historic ecologies native to the site in the resultant interstitial spaces through a progression of exterior and interior. Connecting to the larger urban ecologic cycle, the museum participates in filtering and harnessing energy flows and forces. Designed to deteriorate over time, the cultivated ecologies will propagate along the east river shore, restoring the riverfront to a healthier dynamic interface with Manhattan.


PRESENT DAY ECOLOGIES_URBAN FLOWS AND FORCES

OVERALL SITE

AIR NOISE

CIRCLE LINE BOAT 0:00-1:45, 80 PPLE, S-12.9KN

ROAD NOISE

BLOCK ISLAND HIGH SPEED FERRY 0:30-1:45, 60 PPLE, M-20KN

SUBWAY NOISE TAXI 25:07, 70 PPLE, M-28KN

CREEK NOISE NYPD 0:48-1:00, 2-4 PPLE, F-25-45 KN

LAND EVOLUTION NYPD 12:30, 2-4 PPLE, F-35-45 KN

022 ARCH 602 • SPRING 2014


CONCEPT_THE URBAN ECOLOGICAL LOOP 01

08

06

09

09

05 03

08

09

01

07

05

09 03

08

02

09

07

04

07

T IO

AB IC

IC OT BI

03 06

02

01

01 02

so

il

il

so

02

02

02

02

BIO

r

te

wa

r

wa

te

wa

TIC

il

so

01

r

te 01

air

air

01

sun

n

su

air

sun

il

so

r

te

wa

air

sun

SITE_pier17

THE CONFLUENCE OF ECOLOGY

023


THE BEACH: A PUBLIC TERRACE 024 ARCH 602 • SPRING 2014

THE EAST RIVER WATER OVERLOOK

ECO-TYPE EXHIBIT: UPLAND FOREST


ECO-TYPE EXHIBIT: SALT MARSH

ECO-TYPE EXHIBIT: EXTENDED EAST EEL GRASS MEADOW RIVER BIKEWAY

RESTORED EAST RIVER RIPARIAN EDGE THE CONFLUENCE OF ECOLOGY

025


BIOTIC + ABIOTIC CONFLUENCE FORCE 01_biotic factors

ECOLOGY_e·col·o·gy relations of biotic organisms to one another and their abiotic environment biotic factors_meaning of or related to life, living • man, plants, animals, fungi, bacteria CONFLUENCE

biotic + abiotic combine creating an ecosystem abiotic factors_nonliving factors that affect biotic • soil, water, air, sun

FORCE 02_abiotic factors

FORCE 02

FORCE 02

SPLICE + CONFLUENCE EXPERIMENT

FORCE 02_oil

FORCE 01

FORCE 01_water

FORCE 03_syrup

02_natal separation

03_multiple isolations

04_isolations in confluence and pure force

05_isoltations congregated at seam

06_3rd force

SEAM

FORCE 03

FORCE 01

FORCE 02

01_confluence

FORCE 01

FORCE 01 + FORCE 02

SEAM

07_3rd force pierces through seam

026 ARCH 602 • SPRING 2014

08_3rd force collects

09_projects into force 01

10_isolations at seams

SEAM


CULTIVATED HISTORIC ECO-TYPES

By treating the 4 abiotic elements as vectors whose relationship creates the interstitial spaces that house the native ecologies, the organization of the form of the Museum of Ecology invites the visitors to better understand the complex relationships between the abiotic elements and the natural ecologies within the site. Designed to propogate native ecologies over time, the cultivated ecologies will eventually restore the riverfront to a healthier dynamic interface with Manhattan. THE CONFLUENCE OF ECOLOGY 027


STRUCTURAL SYSTEM CONFLUENCE

SPINE_00

TRIANGULAR TRUSS

VEINS_01

TENSION STEEL CABLES

REINS_02

THICK GAUGE STEEL CABLES

ARCHES_03

TRIANGULAR TRUSSES

RIBS_04

CONCRETE STEEL PLATE LIGHTWEIGHT TRUSS

COMPOSITE

028 ARCH 602 • SPRING 2014


EXHIBIT LEVELS PLAN

12. EX IT

11.

R TE EN

10. 09.

23.. 08. 13. 06.

07.

DN

03.

04. UP

ABIOTIC ELEMENT EXHIBITS

UP

DN

UP

05.

1. earth element exhibit 2. air element exhibit 3. sun element exhibit 4. water element exhibit CULTIVATED HISTORIC ECO-TYPES

- 20

d.

UP

1.

+ HP

a. eco-type_salt marsh b. eco-type_freshwater wetland c. eco-type_upland oak/pine forest d. eco-type_eelgrass meadow

22.

a. - 15

ENGINEERED URBAN ECOLOGIES

DN

DN

UP

24.

01.

01. rain water collection filtration 02. hydroponic forest

21.

03. aquaponic fish tank - LP

b.

25.

14.

MUSEUM RECEPTION

+ HP

c.

03. entry plaza 04. subway tunnel

DN

16.

05. museum shop + lofted cafe bar

OPEN TO BELOW (WATER)

DN

06. ticket window + subway bodega +5

07. reception lobby WATER

15.

08. coat check

02.

+10

4.

09. storage 10. shipping/recieving

20. 18.

17. OPEN TO BELOW (WATER)

03.

19.

11. underground parking 12. peck slip car ramp 13. entry drop-off

MUSEUM RECREATION 14. flexible urban event space + exhibit

+15

15. interior water pool/seasonal ice skate rink

2.

16. wetland spillout lounge +30

3.

17. restaurant bar lounge 18. restaurant bar 19. aquaponic forest restaurant dining 20. restaurant kitchen+operations 21. forest spillout lounge 22. eelgrass meadow viewing den 23. restored riparian river edge 24. river edge bike + pedestrian path 25. river decks

THE CONFLUENCE OF ECOLOGY

029


INTREGRATED SYSTEMS

HYDRO EXTRACTION step 01

COLLECTION

step 02

FILTRATION potable uses

aquaponics

thermo regulate

step 04

step 03

SITE CONNECTIONS

EXCHANGE

STORE

+

MULTI-MODAL MULTI-SECTIONAL

peck

slip

+

+

+ south et

stre

CIRCULATION

ABIOTIC NARRATIVE LOOPS URBAN SPINE

c.

d.

p.2

p.4

WATER

urban spine p.1

EARTH

a.

b. p.3

STRUCTURAL FORCES

BONES

030 ARCH 602 • SPRING 2014

AIR

SUN


AQUAPONIC SYSTEM DETAIL

RAIN WATER HARVEST DETAIL

WATER PUMP

SPRINKLER COOLING DEVICE EVACUATED TUBE SOLARCOLLECTORS

PULLEY GEARS

GLASS PANEL HEATING

HYDRONIC TRAYS

BACK UP WATER RELIEF SYSTEM WATER FILTRATION &STORAGE

WATER PIPING CABLE FRAME INTERIOR RADIANT HEATING

HYDRONIC HARVEST

WATER PUMP CIRCULATOR

HOT WATER STORAGE

WATER TANK

PANEL STRUCTURE DETAIL

WATER PUMP CIRCULATOR

FILTERED WATER

GRAY WATER BACKUP

RAIN WATER HARVEST + FILTRATION EXTRACTION

4”

53.1°

"

7'-10

7'-10

"

A

A A

A

H

H

H G

H

.4°

.4°

63

F

63

B

C

L 7'-0"

PANEL ENVELOPE DETAILS

CLOSED SYSTEM CIRCULATING WATER FOR HEAT GAIN AND DISTRIBUTION CAPTURED AND FILTERED WATER EXCESS WATER DIVERTED TO GRAY WATER CISTERN FOR LATER USE

THE CONFLUENCE OF ECOLOGY

031


032 ARCH 602 • SPRING 2014


THE CONFLUENCE OF ECOLOGY

033


NATIVE NY STATE WETLAND SPECIES

“AIR” EXHIBIT BONE air exhibit narrative

light weight truss

steel rib plates finished floor hydronic tubing concrete floor slab pedestal beams building systems concrete footing 30ft pylons 034 ARCH 602 • SPRING 2014

Sweet flag

Swamp milkweed

Big bluestem

Weeping Willow

Acorus calamus

Asclepias incarnata

Andropogon gerardii

Salix alba


POTENTIAL HABITANTS

10

01 10

08

06

09

09 05

03

08 10 09 07

01 09

03 02

10 07

Muskrat

Great White Egret

Spotted Salamander

Wood Frog

Ondatra zibethica

Ardea alba egretta

Ambystoma maculatum

Rana sylvatica

diamond ridge truss clay paneling cap

HISTORIC ECOSYSTEM COMMUNITIES 03__MARITIME BEACH

06__LOW SALT MARSH

09__OAK-TULIP FOREST

10 WOODY WETLAND

02__MARINE GRAVEL BEACH 05__MARINE ROCKY INTERTIDAL 08__OAK-PINE FOREST 01__EELGRASS MEADOW

04__BRACKISH TIDAL MARSH

07__SALT MARSH

metal panel frame

wire tension cables plant growth perforations recessed light light weight truss “SUN” exhibit narrative clay paneling cable connection glass display case

+7FT HIGH

TIDE

LOW TIDE

RIVERBED

“SUN” EXHIBIT BONE sun exhibit narrative

RIVER EDGE BIKE PATH open to the public

THE CONFLUENCE OF ECOLOGY

035


10

01 10

NATIVE NY STATE UPLAND SPECIES 08

06

09

09 05

03

08 10 09

01

07 10

09 03 02

07

Tulip Tree

White Oak Quercus alba

Liriodendron tulipifera

HISTORIC ECOSYSTEM COMMUNITIES 03__MARITIME BEACH

06__LOW SALT MARSH

02__MARINE GRAVEL BEACH 05__MARINE ROCKY INTERTIDAL 01__EELGRASS MEADOW

04__BRACKISH TIDAL MARSH

09__OAK-TULIP FOREST 10__WOODY WETLAND 08__OAK-PINE FOREST 07__SALT MARSH

FARMERS MARKET open to the public

“SUN” EXHIBIT BONE sun exhibit narrative

“SUN” exhibit narrative finished floor hydronic tubing concrete floor slab pedestal beams building systems

glass enclosure recessed light steel rib plates bone cladding perforated drain

036 ARCH 602 • SPRING 2014

Pitch Pine

Flowering Dogwood

Pinus rigida

Cornus florida


POTENTIAL HABITANTS

Gray Squirrel

Eastern Chipmunk

Sciurus carolinensis

Tamias striatus

Ruffed Grouse Bonasa umbellus

Sharp-shinned Hawk Accipiter striatus

diamond ridge truss wire tension cables plant growth perforations

metal panel frame clay paneling light weight truss

“AIR” EXHIBIT BONE air exhibit narrative

THE CONFLUENCE OF ECOLOGY

037


03

The Plexus Spine of North Philly

transforming the NEC into an ecological corridor that grows with the community and city forces The Philadelphia Studio: The North East Corridor LARP 601 • PennDesign Fall 2013 • critic_Lucinda Sanders AWARDED IN ANALYSIS + PLANNING ASLA 2014

Reinstating the role of the NEC as a plexus spine both physically and socially, the rail infrastructure that slices through these north Philadelphia neighborhoods can be catalyzed using the atypical fabric from the rail line scars and perpetual vacancy from the loss of industry. Connecting disparate urban patches and corridors through the impervious collage of North Philadelphia, a large-scale bio-diverse civic landscape infrastructure stitches the neighborhoods together, weaving into the fabric and connecting river to river. By creating a flexible framework to adjust to unforeseen city forces, the habitat trail will act as the economic/development driver growing with the community throughout multi-scalar interventions along the armature.

+


THE NORTHEAST CORRIDOR

THE WORKSHOP OF THE WORLD

rail lines

THE PREVALENCE OF VACANCY

industry

THE FRAGMENTED FABRIC

vacant lots

THE PREVAILING GASH

fabric

THE BOOKENDS_changing character river to river

topography 2ft contours

THE URBAN HYDROLOGIC CYCLE

hydrology

THE LARGER ECOLOGIC SYSTEM_patches and corridors

LANDSCAPE ORIENTED DEVELOPMENT

pollution facility green stormwater projects water inlets water shed cso overflow PA stewardship small patch large patch corridor proposed patch proposed corridor residential district school spine grafts tendons development cells

040 LARP 601 • FALL 2013


7.5 MILE BIO-DIVERSE HABITAT TRAIL (7ft x 1ft physical model_33 serial sections printed on transparency mounted on arcylic slides)

LEVERAGE FOR PARTNERSHIPS + DEALS WITH MONETARY BACKERS

THE ARMATURE_An Interwoven Combination of Parts of Elements in a System or Structure

THE PLEXUS SPINE OF NORTH PHILLY

041


D-07

01

smooth crabgrass

purple top

digitaria ischaemum

tridens flavus

02

common cattail

primrose willow

typha latifolia

ludwigia linifolia

seaside goldenrod

04

new york fern

solidago sempervirens

thelypteris noveboracensis

mountain mint

pycnanthemum tenuifolium

peat moss

high bush blueberry

sphagnum angustifolium

Vaccinium corymbosum

atlantic white cedar

river birch

chamaecyparis thyoides

betula nigra

03

WOODY UPLAND

PINE BARRENS/CONFIEROUS FOREST

MARITIME FOREST

RIPARIAN EDGE

WOODY THICKET

WOODY VERNAL POOLS

SERPENTINE GRASSLAND

GROUNDWATER BOG SWAMP

SALTMARSH

PULSING WATER TIDAL WETLAND

D-04

D-05

D-06

STILLWATER TIDAL WETLAND

D-02

D-03

GNESIS MEADOW

ECO-NODE 04_FRANKFORD CREEK CORRIDOR

D-01

SPONTANEOUS URBAN MEADOW

DELAWARE RIVER

pitch pine

tuliptree

pinus rigida

liriodendron tulipifera

D-08

D-09

D-10

D-11

D-12

D-13

D-14

D-15

22

23

11

FRANKFORT CREEK WATERSHED 12

13

DELAWARE RIVER WATERSHED

14

15

16

17

18

15

19

min

min

40

min

in 5m

3

20

CO2

30

21

Hg

min

PAHs

10

25

min

in

09

ECO-NODE 03_READING VIADUCT

20

m 20 C-06

15

REMEDIATION MEADOW hardy native grasses colonize adjacent to tracks and along inactive rail bridges withstanding contaminated soil and air

C-05

C-04

10

min

in 5m

01

C-03

min

0

C-02

C-01

08

07

ECO-NODE 02_RAIL INFRASTRUCTURE NEXUS

[proposed ecology patch]

B-12

B-11

B-10

09

direct flow

B-09

min

12

min

20

B-08

min

direct flow

STORMWATER WETLAND runoff from the NEC is slowed and filtered through dense plantings of native wetland species before absorbed into the soil, recharging the groundwater

B-07

25 min

in

adjacent repurposed industrial

soil flow

m 15

B-06

10

min

BU

ground water recharge B-05

05

02

min

B-04

A

B-03

tim

B-02

m

B-01

m

06

05

04

RIPARIAN EDGE

0

emergent riparian edge constrctured from steep slope along NEC, water from corridor drains and seeps down along the sides creating a fast draining moist climate typical of riparian edges. water is collected and directed by a swale to micro-low points to urban wetland for infiltration

03

02

01

-c a s p

adjacent civic landscape

runoff collection

5.5

min

7.5

min

15 10

03

min

min

[p

in 5m

A-10

0

SCHUYLKILL RIVER WATERSHED

A-09

EN

tim

ECO-NODE 01_FAIRMONT PARK PATCH

A-08

A-07

m above

A-05

effective rainfall U1

U3

surface zone soil zone

WALK .05 mi | min

A-04

soil flow

C1

below

A-03

A-01

04

U2 x1

direct runoff flow

SALT MARSH MICRO-HABITAT salt spreading from road overpasses for ice traction collects in soils and water below creating a micro-climate of a salt induced ecology

A-02

SCHUYLKILL RIVER

042 LARP 601 • FALL 2013

m

road salt

A-06

(1-U2) x1 X2

}

ground water flow

RUN .1 mi | min

groundwater zone

0

1 side above

C2

salt contamination process

2

min

2

in .5 m

0

in 5m

flat

TOPOGRAPHIC RELATION TO NEC

BIKE .175 mi | min

-c a s p

[fa


THE SPINE_Community Developed and Maintained through Incremental Strategy

ifera

BUILDINGUP UP THE HABITAT TRAIL ECOLOGIES [Forest’s Don’t Magically Grow Overnight] BUILDING THE HABITAT TRAIL ECOLOGIES [Forest’s Don’t Magically Grow Overnight]

ACCELERATED SUCCESSIONAL REFORESTATION PROCESS OF THE NEC_managed ecological successional process time money

(approximately 10 years)

$

management

02_RE-PURPOSE

01_MOW SITES

-cut and slash existing annuals -fertilize soil with cut trimmings and periennals [save any plant that add nutrients and minerials as they decompose species from successional phases 3 to 5)

03_NATURAL FERTILIZER 04_SEED PIONEERS raise level of organic matter with natural fertilizers (compost, green manure, manure, seaweed, and worm castings)

-meadow bomb and plant plugs for 1st succesional hardy annual pioneer plants adding nitrogen and aerating soil

[succession phase 01] [prep degraded urban soil with existing plants by accerlating decomposion benefits]

05_PLANT PERIENNALS

06_WOODY PIONEERS

08_PIONEER TREES

09_MATURE FOREST

[succession phase 02]

[succession phase 03]

[succession phase 04]

[succession phase 05]

-meadow bomb and plant plugs for 2nd successional hardy periennal plants and grasses after annuals have established

-plant hardy tolerant woody pioneer shrubs from trail nursery particular to site conditions

-plant plugs and saplings of pionner hardy softwood fast growing trees

-plant hardwood saplings and B+B trees from trail nursery

08_REGULAR MAINTENANCE -maintain forest with pruning, weeding, and watering if necessary

10 YEARS

ENGINEERED REFORESTATION PROCESS OF THE NEC_fast track forest for cataylic investment time money

(approximately 2 years)

$$$$

management

.05 mi

| min

mi | min

75 mi

01_MOW SITES | min

-cut and slash existing annuals and periennals [save any plant species from successional phases 3 to 5)

02_REPLACE SOIL

-extract degraded soil down to 2 ft and replace with fertilized top soil (save degraded soil for eco node park sites)

03_RE-PURPOSE

-fertilize soil with cut trimmings that add nutrients and minerials as they decompose

05_PLANT TREES

-plant saplings and B+B trees from trail nursery

05_PLANT UNDERSTORY -plant saplings of understory growth around larger trees

06_PLANT GROUNDCOVER -fill in forest floor with plugs of desired groundcover and hercaceous layers

07_NURTURE

-excessivily nurture forest for the first 2 years with watering and weeding until landscape is self suffient

08_REGULAR MAINTENANCE -maintain forest with pruning, weeding, and watering if necessary

[fast tracked nutrient rich soil with accelerated demposion benefits of existing plants]

2 YEARS

THE PLEXUS SPINE OF NORTH PHILLY

043


pavilion pavilion trail lighting trail lighting

educational educational kiosk kiosk

intimate intimate rest rest

swaleswale

framed framed view view

groundcover groundcover 07

07

06

06

05

05

04

04

03

03

02

02

05

seating seating

05

decking woodwood decking 04

04

04

03

03

01

04

03

03

01

02

02

foot lighting foot lighting

MULTI MODAL NETWORK ACCOMMODATING MULTIPLE SPEEDS/USES MULTIMODAL NETWORK ACCOMODATING MULTIPLE SPEEDS/USES MULTIMODAL NETWORK ACCOMODATING MULTIPLE SPEEDS/USES MULTI-SPEED TYPOLOGY MULTI-SPEED PATHPATH TYPOLOGY

SECONDARY TYPOLOGY SECONDARY PATHPATH TYPOLOGY

TERTIARY TYPOLOGY TERTIARY PATHPATH TYPOLOGY

BRIDGE CROSSING TYPOLOGY RAIL RAIL BRIDGE CROSSING TYPOLOGY 11

TYPE 2

TYPE 1

TYPE 2

TYPE 1

09

08

08

07

06

01 05

03

05

02

06

03

06

02

05

high traffic high traffic porosity porosity aromatic aromatic color color

Decking WoodWood Decking high traffic high traffic porosity porosity aromatic aromatic color color

Rubber Rubber high traffic high traffic porosity porosity aromatic aromatic color color

StoneStone Dust Dust high traffic high traffic porosity porosity aromatic aromatic color color

WoodWood ChipsChips high traffic high traffic porosity porosity aromatic aromatic color color

Dirt/Bare Elfin Thyme Dirt/Bare EarthEarth Elfin Thyme high traffic high traffic porosity porosity aromatic aromatic color color

high traffic high traffic porosity porosity aromatic aromatic color color

County Creeper County Park Park Creeper high traffic high traffic porosity porosity aromatic aromatic color color

04

04

$ $ 044 LARP 601 • FALL 2013

$ $$ $ $$ $ $

$ $$ $

$$$ $$$

$ $$ $

07

07

07

Asphalt Asphalt

08

08

08

08

$ $$ $

$ $$ $

04

06

01

TYPE 1

TYPE 1

TYPE 2

TYPE 12

TYPE 1

FAST

MEDIUM FAST

SLOW MEDIUM

SLOW

10

09

09

09

09

VARYING TRAIL MATERIALS FOR DIFFERENT MODES AND BUDGETS VARYING TRAIL MATERIALS DIFFERENT MODES AND BUDGETS VARYING TRAIL MATERIALS FORFOR DIFFERENT MODES AND BUDGETS

09

10

10

11

uses inactive rail bridges for street crossings • uses• inactive rail bridges for street crossings • accomodates 2 speeds with planting in tracks • accomodates 2 speeds with planting in tracks hard material • hard• material

10

• cutthe intoearth/follows the earth/follows the grading doesfollow not follow contours • cutthe intoearth/follows the earth/follows the grading • cut into the grading • does• not contours • cut into the grading section accomodating all speeds • medium accomodating 2 speed • single accomodating 1 speed • wider• wider section accomodating all speeds • medium width width accomodating 2 speed types types • single width width accomodating 1 speed type type • sectional to programatic • sectional to programatic soft material • sectional profileprofile variesvaries to programatic needsneeds• sectional profileprofile variesvaries to programatic needsneeds• soft •material hard material hard material soft material • hard• material • hard• material + soft+material

04

05


SPECIES ATTRACTOR

dicksessel spiza americana [ PA endangered ]

honeybee apis koschevnikovi [USA endangered]

alfalfa

panic grass

american chestnut

purpletop

HABIT AT

rock cress

NT UP LAND

pin cherry

sweet pepperbush

PIEDM O

american beech

WOOD Y

white oak

american holly

american lady vanessa virginiensis

SPECIES ATTRACTOR yellow bellied flycatcher empidonax flaviventris [ PA endangered ]

swamp azalea

rhododendron

white pine

atlantic cedar

BITAT

high bush blueberry

OG FOR EST HA

cinnamon ferns

CONFIE ROUS M OSSY B

pitch pine

mountain laurel

sedge wren cistothorus platensis [ PA endangered ]

SPECIES ATTRACTOR yellow crowned night heron nyctanassa violacea [ PA endangered ]

american bittern botaurus lentiginosus [ PA endangered ]

pin oak

rice cut--grass

jewelweed

primrose willow

cattail

HABITA T

black willow

basswood

PLAIN

bulrush

SHWA TER

soft stem bulrush

ND FRE

river birch

LOWLA

ironwood

red spotted purple limenitis arthemis

THE PLEXUS SPINE OF NORTH PHILLY

045


RIPARIAN EDGE

THE SPINE_7.5 MILE RIVER TO RIVER BIO-DIVERSE HABITAT TRAIL

start end

2.5 hr RUN loop 15 mi start

+

TEMPLE HOSPITAL

end

40 min BIKE loop 6 mi

ECO-NODE 0

+

start end

ECO-NODE 02_RAIL INFRASTRUCTURE NEXUS

home

40 min WALK loop 2 mi

BROAD ST

school

10 min BIKE commute 1.5 mi

home

de

la

sc

hu

work

wa

re

ylk i

ll r

15 min WALK commute 1 mi

riv

er

ive

rw

wa

te

at

SC

HU

YL

KI LL

RI

VE

R

TR AI

L

er

rs he

sh

ed

TEMPLE UNIVERSITY

d

+

ECO-NODE 01 _FAIRMONT PARK PATCH

.5 mi .5 km

new repurposed warehouse

repurposed warehouse

new development

new development existing residential

existing residential

UPLAND ECOLOGY TYPE

existing residential

WETLAND ECOLOGY TYPE

leasable office+residences public program public program

retail

office/commerc

public program

main trail

“backyard” building spillout

rain garden

secondary trail main trail

“backyard” building spillout

ECO-NODE 01_FAIRMONT PARK PATCH

main trail

graft landscape

ECO-NODE 02_RAIL INFRASTRUCTURE NEXUS [proposed ecology patch]

+ commercial transit hub

renovated transit

repurposed warehouse

+

INDUSTRIAL RUIN-SCAPE

ECO-NO

civic landscape +

FAIRMONT PARK

+

PROPOSED ECO PATCH

LEHIGH

main trail

new live/work development +

proposed patch extension

+

renovated warehouse

new live/work development + +

+

+

+ +

+

+ + +

046 LARP 601 • FALL 2013

+ +


+

WOODY VERNAL POOLS

GROUNDWATER BOG SWAMP

SERPENTINE GRASSLAND

PULSING WATER TIDAL WETLAND

SPONTANEOUS URBAN MEADOW

GNESIS MEADOW

STILLWATER TIDAL WETLAND

WOODY UPLAND

SALTMARSH

WOODY THICKET

CONFIEROUS FOREST

RIPARIAN EDGE

MARITIME FOREST

+

ECO-NODE 03_LEHIGH VIADUCT

ECO-NODE 04_ FRANKFORD CREEK CORRIDOR

n fra ed sh er at kw d ee he cr rs te rd wa kfo r ive er ar law

de

S HI LE GH UC

AD

VI T

BIO-DIVERSE HABITAT TRAIL

• quiltwork trail composed of varying eco-types responding to their sites existing conditions with strategic transition species between the patches EXISTING SITE CONDITION INDICATORS

dry IL RA

LA

DE

sparse

SLOPE

wet

h2o

RT

IVE

R RE WA

h2o

HIGH

dense

+ ELEVATION

LOW

new mid-rise development

g residential

y patch]

URBAN MEADOW ECOLOGY TYPE

SALT TOLERANT ECOLOGY TYPE

existing residential

“backyard” building spillout new development

boat launch/fishing pier office/commercial

v

CSO filtration wetland

v

LEHIGH VIADUCT

pop-up lounge

main trail

secondary trail access ramp FRANKFORT CREEK

ECO-NODE 03_LEHIGH VIADUCT

secondary creek trail

office/commercial

office/commercial

public program

public program WHEATSHEAF

main trail

ECO-NODE 04_FRANKFORD CREEK CORRIDOR

renovated warehouse new development

URBAN MEADOW

FRANKFORD CREEK

+

ECOLOGY PATCH

renovated warehouse +

new development main trail

+

+ +

ECOLOGY PATCH LEHIGH VIADUCT

+

+

+

+

main trail

+ + +

cso filtration wetlands civic landscape

THE PLEXUS SPINE OF NORTH PHILLY

047


THE URBAN INTERFACE: Spectrum of Connections through Public/Private Factor THE URBAN INTERFACE: Spectrum of Connections through Public/Private Factor planting vegetation weaves through building carving and roof extending habitat from Spine

Spine + Developer Collaboration

public view out towards NEC + Philly Skyline

CIVIC USE public program

+

visibility

recreational programs

building envelope mostly transparent for visiual connection

+

program extension of exterior program out into backyard landscape

+

public

NorthEast Corridor

CIVIC USE public program community meeting space

Plexus Habitat Spine

habitat extended from Spine

“Backyard” Building Landscape

interface Spine extends out from the main trail weaving in and out through the building both horizontally and vertically, blurring the boundaries between what is building and what is civic realm

accessible roof garden for events + everyday use

topography topographic shift to distinguish separate zones

main spine trail

material seamless material palette from Spine landscape and trail network into building territory

EXISTING

TOPO

white pine

atlantic cedar

CONNECTIVE FACTOR 01

pitch dine

NATURAL FIELD CONIFEROUS FOREST durable hearty groundcover to accomodate rough foot traffic from various sport programs. perimeter edges left untouched to support taller perennial grasses creating visible edge distinctions

program extension of public program out into the civic landscape

01

N. Broad St + West Indiana Ave

NEW DEVELOPMENT_Cultural | Recreation Center

habitat claiming territory

+

planting vegetation building interface program extension of exterior program out into backyard landscape habitat claiming territory

character left untouched for neighborhood identity/hertige

interface portion of building demolished, leaving exterior wall facing NEC; extension of architectural character into Spine

+

public

NorthEast Corridor

“Backyard” Building Landscape

OFFICE USE semi-private program

RENOVATED INDUSTRIAL

Spine + Developer Collaboration

Plexus Habitat Spine

+

private

structure demolished

visibility Opaque and Transparency where appropriate for visiual connection or barrier

EXISTING TOPO

YOUNG FOREST_middle succession

material material distinction between Spine and private Building

CONNECTIVE FACTOR 04

compacted urban soil remediated through nutrient building plants, shrubs and pioneer trees are planted to start to accumulate before forest matures

secondary spine trail

[industrial buildings come straight up to the tracks]

main trail detours to sidewalk

04

1771 West Sedgley Ave

WAREHOUSE RENOVATION_Office | Mixed Use

EXISTING

PUBLIC RESIDENTIAL USE semi-public program

+

public

NorthEast Corridor

+

Plexus Habitat Spine

+

Private Residential Exterior

private

planting dense screening vegetation at seam

visibility Screening elements at seam to separate private from Spine private can view public

program public programs act as residence and Spine buffer

EXISTING CONDITION interface private and public cut off from each other via topography and planting. topography distinct topographic shift separting private from public obscurring direct views from the Spine into residences

CONNECTIVE FACTOR 05

EXISTING TOPO

HARDY EDGE main spine trail secondary access trail ramp

hardy forest edge planted at seam between tracks and spine to withstand train toxins. plants strategically chosen that do not significantly litter for track traction

05

3048 Clifford Street EXISTING ROWHOUSE_Residential

048 LARP 601 • FALL 2013


MIXED-USE

OFFICE

RESIDENTIAL

connected public

COMMERCIAL

CULTURAL

02

03

04

05

separated private

VARIABLES OF CONNECTIONS • material • topography • planting • visibility • interface • program COMMERCIAL/OFFICE semi-public program

program extension of exterior program out into backyard landscape

+

+

Building Spillout

+

“Backyard” Building Landscape

NorthEast Corridor

Spine + Developer Collaboration

Building Extension

+

Plexus Habitat Spine

+

public

private COMMERCIAL/OFFICE semi-public program

visibility terrace and glazing where appropriate for visiual connection

COMMERCIAL USE public program

planting vegetation creeps inward toward the building from the Spine

COMMERCIAL USE public program

interface carved out portion of building to extend into the Spine

main spine trail

RIPARIAN ECO - TYPE REMEDIATIVE MEADOW compacted urban soil in transition to become fertile nutrient rich groundwork for later successional eco-types. first stage annual and second stage perennial plants planted for soil build-up.

CONNECTIVE FACTOR 02

material material continuity from interior public program to exterior extension and landscape

02

1428 West Glenwood Ave

NEW DEVELOPMENT_Commercial | Retail + Office

planting terrace and roof planting extending Spine habitat

RESIDENTIAL USE private program

RESIDENTIAL USE private program

+

interface extension of civic realm into building zone

+

Building Spillout

topography topographic shift to distinguish separate zones

“Backyard” Building Landscape

program extension of program out into backyard landscape at seam between the Spine and the buildig property

+

Building Extension

+

Spine + Developer Collaboration

Plexus Habitat Spine

+

public

NorthEast Corridor

01

visibility terrace and glazing where appropriate for visiual connection

private

RESIDENTIAL USE private program

LIVE/WORK USE semi-public program main spine trail

COMMERCIAL USE public program

snowmelt + w

oody deb ris

EXISTING TOPO

WOODY ECO - TYPE VERNAL POOL_seasonal wet meadow

leaf litter

CONNECTIVE FACTOR 03

vernal pools fed by woody leaf litter and the breakdown of organic matter by fungi and microorganisms releasing nutrients to the pool supplying the food chain for frogs, various aquatic insects, and salamanders

material material continuity from interior public program to exterior extension and landscape

03

1610 West Glenwood Ave

NEW DEVELOPMENT_Mixed Use | Economic Diverse Housing THE PLEXUS SPINE OF NORTH PHILLY

049


NEW DEVELOPMENT_CULTURAL | RECREATION | COMMUNITY CENTER NEW DEVELOPMENT_CULTURAL | RECREATION | COMMUNITY CENTER planting

accessible roof garden for events + everyday use

vegetation weaves through planting building carving and roof extending Spine vegetationhabitat weavesfrom through building carving and roof extending habitat from Spine

interface Spine extends out from the interface main trail weaving in and out through the building boththe Spine extends out from horizontally and vertically, main trail weaving in and out blurring through the boundaries building both between what building and horizontally andisvertically, what is civic realm blurring the boundaries between what is building and what is civic realm

accessible roof garden for events + everyday use

habitat extended from Spine

CIVIC USE public program CIVIC USE community meeting space public program

habitat extended from Spine

community meeting space

public public

view out towards NEC + Philly Skyline view out towards NEC + Philly Skyline

CIVIC USE public program CIVIC USE recreational programs public program

visibility building envelope mostly visibility for visiual connection transparent building envelope mostly transparent for visiual connection

recreational programs

material program

seamless material palette from material Spine landscape and trail network into building territory seamless material palette from Spine landscape and trail network into building territory

extension of public program out program into the civic landscape extension of public program out into the civic landscape

ECO NODE 02_”EVERYTHING IN MODERATION” CASE STUDY

INDUSTRIAL RUINS PARK

ECO NODE 02_”EVERYTHING IN MODERATION” CASE STUDY

• decrepit warehouses left for historic ruins • flexible event space

INDUSTRIAL RUINS PARK

W ES

TL

E

Connie Mack Stadium • historic

SPORT FIELDS

+ Jehovah's + Witnesses Jehovah's Witnesses

• socially active programs

AV

E

+ Rayburn Park + Rayburn Park

SPORT FIELDS

+ Church + Church

04_REPURPOSED WAREHOUSE

EH

IGH

ST

• Leasable Office Space • Collective Work Space 04_REPURPOSED WAREHOUSE • Workshops/Fabrication Labs • Leasable Office Space • Building Extension/Spillout Space • Collective Work Space [lounge, gathering, event] • Workshops/Fabrication Labs • Building Extension/Spillout Space WEST SEDGLEY event] AVE [lounge, gathering,

W active programs • socially ES T IN

Community Garden

+ +

Septa Septa

Amtrak

+ +

T ST R

EE

WATERSCAPE PARK

OA

D

• stormwater filtration/collection • passive recreation programs

H NO

Ford Building • historic

RT

Ford Building • historic

H

• stormwater filtration/collection • passive recreation programs

BR

WATERSCAPE PARK

RT

RE ST TH

ET

17

RE

H

ST

RT

H

NO

17 T

H

• Economic Diverse Housing above • Retail/Commercial on ground floors 03_MIXED USE/HOUSING [food, drink, apparel, merchandise] • Economic Diverse Housing above • Building Extension/Spillout Space • Retail/Commercial on ground floors [gathering, entertaining, collective use] [food, drink, apparel, merchandise] • Building Extension/Spillout Space [gathering, entertaining, collective use]

ET

03_MIXED USE/HOUSING

NO

050 LARP 601 • FALL 2013

+ Pathmark + Pathmark

+ +

RT

200 ft 100 m

AV

E

NO

200 ft • various targeted ages for social development 100 m

E

NA

Amtrak

CIVIC PLAYGROUND

AV

DIA

WEST SEDGLEY AVE

Community Garden

• various targeted ages for social development

NA

T IN

+ +

CIVIC PLAYGROUND

DIA

W ES

T

AV

SE T

EE

IGH

ER

ST R

W ES

EH

ST

+ KIPP Charter School + KIPP Charter School D

TL

TS OM

SE T

OA

W ES

• decrepit warehouses left for historic ruins • flexible event space

ER

Deliverance Church WES

BR

+ Dobbins Tech School + Dobbins Tech School

+ Connie Mack Stadium Church • historic + Deliverance

TS OM


program extension of exterior program outprogram into backyard landscape extension of exterior program out into backyard landscape

+ +

+ +

public

NorthEast NorthEast Corridor Corridor

“Backyard” “Backyard” Building Building Landscape Landscape

Collaboration between Spine + Developer

Plexus Plexus Habitat Habitat Spine Spine

Collaboration between Spine + Developer

topography topographic shift to topography distinguish separate zones topographic shift to distinguish separate zones

public

main spine trail main spine trail

APHY TOPOGR HY POGRAP TING TO

EXISTING EXIS

ECO NODE 02_SCENARIO STUDIES

01_CULTURAL BUILDING PLAN

ECO NODE 02_SCENARIO STUDIES

01_CULTURAL BUILDING PLAN

civic realm

private realm

civic realm

private realm

WE RAN OUT OF MONEY [whoops . . . spent too much $ on trees] WE RAN OUT OF MONEY [whoops . . . spent too much $ on trees]

EVERYTHING IN MODERATION [a little of this, a little of that] EVERYTHING IN MODERATION [a little of this, a little of that]

Joe Frazier Gym • historic Joe Frazier Gym • historic

GLENWOOD AVE GLENWOOD AVE OPEN FESTIVAL/MARKET FIELD

THE MARKET BOOM [Industries and Temple moved in]

W ES

TI ND W IAN ES AA TI ND VE IAN AA VE N RT ORT H H BR BR OA OA D D ST ST RE RE ET ET

• Recreation Hub • Visitor Center 01_CULTURAL BUILDING • Community Center • Recreation Hub • Neighborhood Historic Exhibit • Visitor Center [Connie Mack Stadium, Joe Frazier Gym] • Community Center • Neighborhood Historic Exhibit [Connie Mack Stadium, Joe Frazier Gym]

NO

01_CULTURAL BUILDING

THE MARKET BOOM [Industries and Temple moved in]

• large field open for community uses

OPEN FESTIVAL/MARKET FIELD 02_TRANSIT COMMERCIAL HUB • large field open for community uses • Flexible Office Space floors above • Retail/Commercial on ground floors 02_TRANSIT COMMERCIAL [food, drink, apparel, merchandise] • Flexible Office Space floors above • Flexible Outdoor Event Space • Retail/Commercial on ground floors [entertainment, market, festival] [food, drink, apparel, merchandise] • Flexible Outdoor Event Space [entertainment, market, festival]

HUB THE APOCALYPSE [landscape utopia/return to nature] THE APOCALYPSE [landscape utopia/return to nature]

THE PLEXUS SPINE OF NORTH PHILLY

051


The Basins at Sulphur Dell

04

connect + protect_landscape oriented development through bundled recreation + stormwater network Hines Urban Land Institute Student Competition • PennDesign Spring 2014 (2 week interdisciplinary group competition) AWARDED HONORABLE MENTION

Anchored by the upcoming Nashville Sounds Ballpark, the Basins at Sulphur Dell leverages the neighborhoods central location and distinct history to create a resilient community that enables healthy lifestyles. Diagonal axes cut through the existing fabric adding another arm to the Music City Greenway, creating community connections and direct access to the riverfront. The Basins’ expanded greenway system protects the neighborhood through a series of strategically placed water-collecting plazas. These plazas occupy the lowest points of the site and are designed to create spurs of activity off the greenway.


P1

Strengthening Anchors Open Space - 274481

P1

Retail - 122593 Office Affordable Rent - 106597

Strengthening Anchors Market Rate - 545418

U

T

Upscape Apartments - 145867

Open Space - 274481

03

Retail - 122593

02

M

Office Affordable Rent - 106597

01

U

Market Rate - 545418

T

a

Upscape Apartments - 145867

R

S

04

03

e

02

M

P2

01

Retail - 116184 Office - 105074

Capturing Buzz

Affordable Rent - 317869

Open Space - 415144 Market Rate - 693495

Retail - 116184 Upscape Apartments - 71630 Office - 105074

Affordable Rent - 317869 Market Rate - 693495

M Retail/Residential N Residential R Office Park 01 The Market S Retail/Residential T Residential02 The Schoolyard 03 Income The Historic Nook U Retail/Mixed Residential

Upscape Apartments - 71630

P3

Capitalizing Value Retail - 1112641 Office - 189466

Affordable Rent - 317869

Retail - 1112641

Market Rate - 1258818 Upscape Apartments - 89199

Affordable Rent - 317869

Upscape Apartments - 89199

d

M

K

G

F

06

f

D

G

06

I

f

J D

I

C B

C

g

J

05

B

A

05

g

A

v

v

v

v

topographic berms topographic berms allow for allow views for views

v v

v

local vendors

v

v

local vendors

v

v

v

v

v

054 HINES ULI COMPETITION • SPRING 2014

v

v

v

v

v

v

v

v

v

vv

v

v

• COMMUNITY COURTYARD

to allow for programs

• FLEXIBLE CIVIC SPACE

greenway bundle expands greenway bundle expands to allow for programs

• FLEXIBLE CIVIC SPACE

5’ bike rack

8’ bus stop shelter

8’ 5’ bus bike stop rack shelter

9’ rain garden swale

9’ street parking

9’ rain garden swale

200 ft 100 m

9’ street parking

5’ bike lane

5’ bike lane

c

100 m

Market Rate - 1258818

9’ drive lane

d

M

K

L

F07

d The Shed/The Shed e Motor Boat Docks & Pier f Fishing Pier 200 ft g Kayak Launch

Office - 189466

L

N

c Ball Park d The Shed/The Shed AMENITIES e Motor& Boat Docks & Pier a Farmer’s Market Orchard f Fishing b Bicentennial Park Pier c Ball Park g Kayak Launch

Open Space - 296681

9’ drive lane

07 c

b

AMENITIES

Open Space - 296681

Capitalizing Value

• MULTI-MODAL CONNECTIONS CONNECTIONS • MULTI-MODAL

e

N M

06 The Bicentennial 01 The Market 02 The Schoolyard 07 The Commons 03 The Historic Nook 04 The Porch 05 The Terrace a Farmer’s Market & Orchard 06 The Bicentennial b Bicentennial Park 07 The Commons

• CONNECTIONS TO LOCAL AMENITIES

P3

04 The Porch

The Terrace WATER05PLAZAS

M

04

b

WATER PLAZAS

• CONNECTIONS TO LOCAL AMENITIES

P2

A Office B Residential C Residential D Retail/Residential F Retail/High-end Residential G Affordable Housing BUILDINGS I Office A Office J Affordable Housing B Residential K Retail/High-end Residential C Residential L Retail/High-end Residential D Retail/Residential M Retail/Residential F Retail/High-end Residential Residential G AffordableNHousing R Office Park I Office J AffordableSHousing Retail/Residential K Retail/High-end Residential T Residential L Retail/High-end ResidentialIncome Residential U Retail/Mixed

Open Space - 415144

R

S

a

BUILDINGS

Capturing Buzz

v v


THE SOUTH BRAID

THE STREAM

THE SOUTH BRAID

THE NORTH BRAID

THE STREAM

THE NORTH BRAID

e

f

g

community cistern community cistern

v

bike share + bar

bike share + bar

v

v

v

v

v

v

v

v

v

v

CSO OUTFALL FILTRATION

spillout space spillout space v

v v

v

v

v

vv

food truck seating

food truck seating

v

v

RECREATIONAL BOATING DOCKS

CSO OUTFALL FILTRATION

v

v

v

v

v

v

v

v

vv

v

• THE PORCH: extended riverfront

v

RECREATIONAL BOATING DOCKS

• THE PORCH: extended riverfront

rain garden swaleswale rain garden informal seating informal seating

v

RIPARIAN RIVERWALK

THE SHED

• THE SHED: celebrated hertitige

vv

• COMMUNITY COURTYARD

vv

• COMMUNITY COURTYARD

THE PIER

iews

RIPARIAN RIVERWALK

THE SHED

• THE SHED: celebrated hertitige

THE PIER

THE PORCH THE PORCH

ecologically enhanced ecologically enhancededge edge riparian walk riparian walk

fishing piers

fishing piers

THE BASINS AT SULPHUR DELL

055


PHASE 02 MID-RISE HOUSING + NEW CREEK PARK EXPANSION [foam, glue, salt, wood, acrylic, thread, tape, trace paper, toothpicks, wire]

05

Hydrophylic Urbanism

development proposal catalyzing dynamic systems of flux, shifting the paradigm of coastal resilience Variable Energy Systems_Infrastructure for Open Waters_Coastal Park LARP 502 • PennDesign Spring 2013 • critic_Ellen Neises Exhibited at The Future of Staten Island

Retreating from the coast is not necessary or desirable; coastal lowlands can be re-shaped to create dynamic water interfaces, integrating development, transportation, ecology, and culture into a topographically enhanced coastal mouth threading inland into the existing fabric. Using Midland Beach of Staten Island as a case study, the degraded creek bed that had been cut off from the coast is ripped open, inviting the sea into a new robust network connecting new and old settlement through a matrix of landscape, protecting against surge and shedding water. Hydrophylic Urbanism is a development proposal catalyzing dynamic systems of flux, shifting the paradigm of coastal resilience.


058 LARP 502 • SPRING 2013


HYDROPHYLIC URBANISM

059


ge sur sto rm

e ms urg sto r

HP_40 - 50ft

ru no ff

un off rr fre s

hw

at er

sh wa te fre

+

+

+ +

+

+ +

+

+ +

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+ +

+

+

+

+

+

+ + +

+

+

+

+

+

+ +

+

+

+ +

+

++ ++ + +

+

+

+

+ +

+

+ +

+

+

+

+ +

+ +

+

saltwater freshwater orginal creek netowork runoff watershed HP_30 - 40ft + HP_10 - 15ft saltwater freshwater orginal creek netowork runoff watershed HP_40 - 50ft HP_30 - 40ft + HP_10 - 15ft

+

A

mounding A mounding

• FRESH_woody upland •upland SALT_maritime forest forest • FRESH_woody • SALT_maritime

B

B sloping sloping

• FRESH_freshwater • SALT_dunescape • FRESH_freshwater riparian riparian • SALT_dunescape

C

C dipping dipping

• FRESH_emergent • SALT_estuarine • FRESH_emergent wetland wetland • SALT_estuarine wetlandwetland

EXISTING CONDITIONS AT CREEK EXISTING CONDITIONS AT CREEK 1

1 existing flat existing flat

2

2 existing creek existing creek

MATRIX COMBINATIONS MATRIX COMBINATIONS A A

ng

ng

+

++

TOPOGRAPHIC OPERATION TOPOGRAPHIC OPERATION

lo

lo

+

+

+ +

+ +

+ B + 1 + 1 A + A + B + 2 B + 2 A + B

A

2

fle flect ct

060 LARP 502 • SPRING 2013

+

de

de

SOFTSCAPE MANIPULATION SOFTSCAPE MANIPULATION

SALT WATER TO FRESHWATER

++

SALT WATER TO FRESHWATER

t ec

pro t pro t

t ec

+

sh

sh

or e

en

or e

e rr n

cu

tr

é

A

C

C

cu

rr

t t r

en

2

A + C C + 1 A + C C + 2

é

A

+B 1 + +B 2 +

B C B C

C

1

1

+ C + + 1 + C + + 2

C

B

B

en

t 2

2

A

A

B

B

1 2


+

+

+

+

seaview ave

+

naughton ave

midland ave

+

+ +

CAPODANNO BLVD

+

father capodanno boulevard

multi-speed

secondary

tertiary

boat service

bike extension

current bike

+ boat stop

park entrance

MULTI-SPEED PATH TYPOLOGY • cut into the earth/follows the grading • wider section accomodating all speeds • sectional profile varies to programatic needs • hard material

DEVELOPMENT STRATEGY

+

hylan boulevard

04

04

04

03 03

father capodanno boulevard

02 01

01

recreation nodes

intermodal sportsplex

high density towers

mid-rise

single family

850 buyouts at $ 300,00 each =

$ 255,000,000 allocated to new development

• revenue generated from market rate and leased space supports subsequent phases

FAST

MEDIUM

SLOW

phase 01_SPORTSPLEX + COASTAL MOUTH

SECONDARY PATH TYPOLOGY • does not follow contours • medium width accomodating 2 speed types • sectional profile varies to programatic needs • hard material + soft material

• get major infrastructure revisions completed: raise capodanno + reroute coastal residential street network • create immediate coastal protection to most vulnerable housing • create iconic hub for community scale social revenue

phase 02_SINGLE FAMILY HOUSING + EXTENSION • create coastal protection to 2nd tier vulnerable housing • collect revenue from most valuable lots to support further phases

phase 03_MID-RISE HOUSING + NEW CREEK PARK

• create park majority with buffering strategies and water network connecting to bluebelt and coastal softening • mid-rise housing nodes for emergency base ops and neighborhood scale social revenue

phase 04_HIGH-RISE HOUSING + RECREATION HUB

TYPE 2

• re-grade “Last Chance Pond Park” connecting park system to activated commerical cooridor • create community center and revenue generating retail and leasable space

TYPE 1

NEIGHBORHOOD GATHERING PROGRAM SPACES • picnic + grilling areas • playgrounds • dog parks • community gardens • farmer’s market • fields

TERTIARY PATH TYPOLOGY • cut into the earth/follows the grading • single width accomodating 1 speed type • soft material

PASSIVE INTIMATE RECREATION PROGRAMS • kayaking • canoeing • fishing • bird watching • hiking • horseback riding • running trails • bike trails

SOCIALLY ACTIVE RECREATION PROGRAMS • soccer • tennis • basketball • swimming pool • ice skating/hockey rink • gym • squash courts • racquetball • running track

TYPE 1

MULTIMODAL NETWORK

HYLAN BLVD

04

COLLECTIVE FLEXIBLE PROGRAM SPACES • retail • restaurants • outdoor dining • event space • ice skating • boat launch + rentals • gardens • lawns HYDROPHYLIC URBANISM

061


retreating from the coast is not necessary or desirable. low lying areas can be re-shaped with soft and hard infrastructure strategies to protect existing fabric while also increasing the waterfront for new development

NO RETREAT

strategic landform and hydrological moves paired with hard infrastructure such as buildings, and multi-modal circulation infrastructure will create protective flexible robust network

SOFT + HARD

1

2

SOCIAL EQUALITY THROUGH DIVERSE RESIDENTIAL MAKE-UP 60 % OWNED

INTERMIXED

CUT FILL

cut and fill landform operation for storm surge alleviation through attenuation + water shedding

$$ $

30% market-rate 30% low-income

40 % LEASED

$$ $

20% market-rate • 10% rent to own

20% low-income • 10% rent to own

HISTORICAL TOPOGRAPHY STUDY

PRESENT CONDITION_greatkills case study

+

+

+

PROPOSED_greatkills case study

HISTORIC CONDITION_greatkills case study

prospect view of park_buffer protection

run off swale

socially active recreation hub

buffer mound with incorporated seating

phase 04 HIGH-RISE HOUSING + RECREATION HUB

062 LARP 502 • SPRING 2013


solar distributor

water storage well

PROTECT

light well

3

inundation only damage only inundation + damage

The Traina’s stand amongst their house remains they had lived in for 43 years

20 ft FEMA flood line 14 ft current flood line present topography

PROTECT

current sea level

protects existing fabric while also expanding waterfront for new supportive development

1,056 - 1,829

ARTIFICIAL FILL historic topography

homes affected by SuperStorm Sandy in Midland Beach, Staten Island 6 - 11 destroyed

water collection

527 - 1,016 major damage

emergency water storage

523 - 802 minor damage

PERPETUAL FLOODING IN DEGRADED CREEK BED

collective flexible program spaces

neighborhood gathering program spaces maximized waterfront_development stimulus elevated neighborhood street for cross park connection

public ground plane promoting neighborhood ownership

HYDROPHYLIC URBANISM

063


BATHTUB CREATED BY ARTIFICIAL FILL AND SEVERED CONNECTION TO BAY PARK ENTRANCES

historic creeks present-day creeks fill in wetland area creating BATHTUB CREATEDartificial BY ARTIFICIAL FILL mono-culture of invasive phragmites AND SEVERED CONNECTION TO BAY outfall culvurted creek

phase 04 HIGH-RISE HOUSING + RECREATION HUB PARK ENTRANCES

historic creeks present-day creeks

SITEartificial WILL fillBE UNDERWATER; in wetland area creatingEARTHWORK mono-culture FORMED of invasive phragmites TO PROTECT FABRIC outfall culvurted creek strategy to protect fabric buffering

hylan boulevard

phase 04

HIGH-RISE HOUSING + RECREATION HUB

+

hylan boulevard

+

+ +

+

+

+

EARTHWORK ARMORS AGAINST SURGE + INVITES LONG SHORE DRIFT angled to protect against surge mounded high points buffering and inviteforlong short drift

+

+ +

seaview ave

naughton ave

DISATTACHED FRESH + SALTY SYSTEMS angled to protect against surge and invite long short drift

ft dri

MID-RISE HOUSING + NEW CREEK PARK

+

re ho gs

naughton ave

+

+

+

+

ft dri

+

+

+

mounded high points for buffering

+

re ho

storm

+

500 year flood zone (.2% annual chance)

+

gs

+ + surge

EARTHWORK ARMORS AGAINST SURGE projected most vulnerable housing INVITES LONG 100 year flood+zone (1% annual chance) SHORE DRIFT

+ +

+

midland avemidland ave

+

e

storm surg

+

+ + +

lon

phase 03

+

lon

+

+

seaview ave

+

+

projected most vulnerable housing SITE WILL BE UNDERWATER; EARTHWORK 100 year flood zone (1% annual chance) year flood zone (.2% annual chance) FORMED TO500 PROTECT FABRIC buffering strategy to protect fabric

new creek drains 1,700 acre watershed

existing freshwater collection DISATTACHED FRESH + SALTY SYSTEMS freshwater new creek drains 1,700 watershed systems cutacre off from eachother

existingcollection salt water existing freshwater saltwater

freshwater

phase 03

systems cut off from eachother DYNAMIC existing salt water HYDROLOGICAL SYSTEM

MID-RISE HOUSING + NEW CREEK PARK

saltwater

+ olmypia boulevard

+

+

olmypia boulevard

proposed sweet + salty water system DYNAMIC HYDROLOGICAL SYSTEM

+

rip open proposed sweet + saltyseam, waterreestablish system mouth

+

+

+ +

father capodanno boulevard

+

phase 02

rip open seam, reestablish mouth IMPROVING ROBUST WATER INTERFACE TRANSPORTATION AND CONNECTIONS

+

+

+

+ water transportation network ROBUST WATER INTERFACE IMPROVING ferry commuter water taxi + TRANSPORTATION ANDtoCONNECTIONS +

+ + +

+

+

SINGLE FAMILY HOUSING + PARK EXTENSION

phase 02

+ +

father capodanno boulevard

+ +

+ +

SINGLE FAMILY HOUSING + PARK EXTENSION

+

+

+

+

+

boat network stop

water transportation network ferry to commuter water taxi +

boat network stop

DEVELOPMENT GROWS FROM DAMAGED HOUSES IN HISTORIC WETLAND superstorm sandy damaged housing DEVELOPMENT GROWS FROM DAMAGED inundation WETLAND HOUSES IN HISTORIC damage superstorm sandy damaged housing damage + inundation

phase 01

inundation new development damage damage + inundation intermodal sportsplex new development

INTERMODAL SPORTSPLEX + COASTAL MOUTH

phase 01 INTERMODAL SPORTSPLEX + COASTAL MOUTH

intermodal sportsplex TYPOLOGIES CORRESPOND TO CONTEXT

TYPOLOGIES CORRESPOND TO CONTEXT commercial strip along hylan commercial strip along hylangrid existing street existing street grid

E RG SUGE

coastal boulvard

R

coastal boulvard

EL

FABRIC TAKING OWNERSHIP OF PARK

CO ED RE IFT

IFT

DR

064 LARP 502 • SPRING 2013

DR

RE

O SH

MID-RISE HOUSING + NEW CREEK PARK

park entrance

HO

NG

S NG LO

LO

passivepassive intimate recreation spine spine intimate recreation

phase 03 phase 03 MID-RISE HOUSING + NEW CREEK PARK

THROUGH WEAVINGOFOF DEVELOPMENT FABRIC TAKING OWNERSHIP PARK THROUGH WEAVING OF DEVELOPMENT entrances connect to high traffic streets parkto entrance entrances connect high traffic streets

M

ED

++

FERRY PORT CONNECTED

TO BOAT NETWORK FERRY PORTSHARE CONNECTED TO BOAT SHARE NETWORK

M CO

FL CT DEFLE

DE

EL W

ST M D OR TED ST C E E

W

MU OR S

commutercommuter water taxi_waterscape network network water taxi_waterscape


5-2

5 - 20

years years

1-5

20’ FEMA

years

14’ flood line

inter-tidal mudflat

1-5

current elevation

years

INFRASTRUCTURES IN FLUX

current elevation

salt tolderant meadow strip

tidal flats

MORPHING BIO-DIVERSE EDGE_adjusting to rising sea levels, infrastructure shifts result in programmatic and circulation variability and create a inter-tidal mudflat salt tolderant meadow strip tidal flats constantly evolving network and subsequent bio-diversity

5 - 20

years

20’ FEMA

14’ flood line

years

current elevation

1-5

FEMA current20’ elevation

1-5

14’ flood line

years

ACTIVATING CREEK BED

years

5 - 20

MORPHING BIO-DIVERSE EDGE_adjusting to rising sea levels, infrastructure shifts result in programmatic and circulation variability and create a constantly evolving network and subsequent bio-diversity

maritime forest

brackish wetland

maritime forest

martime dune

brackish wetland

brackish wetland

martime dune

brackish wetland

DYNAMIC HYDROLOGIC EXPANSION _stemming from the active existing creeks, the degraded bed is sculpted with strategic landscape + hydrology moves both protect the existing fabric; while also inviting water to creep into the lowlands carving new diverse landscapes DYNAMIC HYDROLOGIC EXPANSION _stemming from the active existing creeks, the degraded bed is sculpted with strategic landscape + hydrology

5 - 20

years

years

5 - 20

moves both protect the existing fabric; while also inviting water to creep into the lowlands carving new diverse landscapes

20’ FEMA 20’line FEMA 14’ flood

years

1-5

current elevation

1-5

flood line current14’ elevation

years

BUFFER AND PROTECT FABRIC

INFRASTRUCTURES IN FLUX ACTIVATING CREEK BED BUFFER AND PROTECT FABRIC

20’ FEMA 14’ flood line

freshwater riparian maritime forest brackish wetland freshwater riparian brackish wetland maritime forest brackish wetland brackish wetland

TOPOGRAPHICTOPOGRAPHIC INTERVENTION_ fill is added tofillcreate protective that shed that sea water andwater rainwater; drainingdraining the bath-tub effect behind INTERVENTION_ is added to createmounds protective mounds shed sea and rainwater; the bath-tub effect behind Father Cappodanno buffering andbuffering protecting neighborhood FatherBoulevard Cappodanno Boulevard andthe protecting the neighborhood

integrated new and old development

integrated new and old development

development, park, and defense

development, park, and defense embedded in topographic integration embedded in topographic integration

seam ripped open_dynamic hydrological system

seam ripped open_dynamic hydrological system

phase 02 SINGLE FAMILY HOUSING + PARK EXTENSION phase 02 SINGLE FAMILY HOUSING + PARK EXTENSION

HYDROPHYLIC URBANISM

065


PHASE 04_HIGH RISE HOUSING TYPOLOGY STUDY PHASE 04_HIGH - RISE HOUSING TYPOLOGY STUDY

new construction acts as a sponge, absorbing and collecting water throughout the building and integrated sitework new construction acts as a sponge, absorbing and collecting water throughout building and integrated sitework

light well solar collector/distributor

water storage

flood line current sea level

present topography historic topography water collection emergency water storage tidal freshwater wetland

066 LARP 502 • SPRING 2013


DEVELOPMENT PROTECTS + ANIMATES THE EXISTING FABRIC_ARCHITECTURE TYPOLOGY STUDIES DEVELOPMENT PROTECTS + ANIMATES THE EXISTING FABRIC_ARCHITECTURE TYPOLOGY STUDIES

new architecture and park landscape weave into degraded creek bed and existing housing fabric new architecture and park landscape weave into degraded creek bed existing housing fabric

architecture seawall_BUNKER TO ARMOR MOST VULNERABLE HOUSING ferry terminal + large scale recreation facility act as a landform building most vulnerable housing fabric

phase 01_INTERMODAL

• absorbs surge • protects houses inland • gateway to development park network

SPORTSPLEX + COASTAL MOUTH

topographic extreme_PROTECT 2ND TIER VULNERABLE HOUSING $$$ multi-authored single family $ low-end/retro-fitted existing • safe on high-ground

phase 02_SINGLE

• water collection + storage • alleviating impervious surfaces • maximize sponge

FAMILY HOUSING + PARK EXTENSION

neighborhood amenity program • buildings become neighborhood nodes

neighborhood rec programs

park entries through building_PORTALS TO NETWORK

community gardens • neighborhood takes ownership

phase 03_MID-RISE

HOUSING + NEW CREEK PARK

retail + leasable space

flexible event space_CREATING A COMMUNITY CENTER

high density development growing off commercial corridor

• $$$ to fund future park growth

present topography

phase 04_HIGH-RISE

HOUSING + COMMERCIAL HUB HYDROPHYLIC URBANISM

067


NEW CREEK NETWORK EXPANSION_STRATEGIC WATER SHEDDING MOUND + DIPPING mound and dipping phasing build-up MOUND PHASING BUILD-UP

• + 5’

• + 5’

• existing height

• existing height

meadow

freshwater riparian

salt tolerant grasses

maritime forest

+5FT OF FILL ADDED TO CREATE BUFFER MOUND

01

02

MOUND STRATEGICALY PLANTED FOR FRESH TO SALT-WATER ECOLOGY TRANSITION

• + 4’ • + 5’

• + 5’

• existing height

03

• existing height

ADDITIONAL MATERIAL PLACED FOR INCREASED MOUND HEIGHT

04

MOUND BUILT UP

Protection Mound

Extended Creek

Branch

current topography

ARTIFICIAL FILL

OAK/PINE UPLAND SHALLOW MARSH

arrow arum

spatter dock white oak

witch-hazel

cattail spicebush

RIPARIAN EDGE

duck weed

azalea

river birch

basswood primrose willow

WET MEADOW

fetterbush

arrowood water pepper

wild rice

indian grass

bur marigold

DEEP MARSH

bulrush

Branch

persimmon

purple top

jewelweed

068 LARP 502 • SPRING 2013

goldenrod

stiltgrass

eel grass

pickeweed yarrow pitch pine

aster panic grass

bergamont white cedar

big blue stem beach plum

MARITIME FOREST DRY MEADOW

Extended Creek

cordgrass

historic topography


meadow

freshwater riparian

salt tolerant grasses

maritime forest

MOUND PHASING BUILD-UP +5FT OF FILL ADDED TO CREATE BUFFER MOUND

01

02

MOUND STRATEGICALY PLANTED FOR FRESH TO SALT-WATER ECOLOGY TRANSITION

• + 5’

• + 5’

• + 4’

• existing height

• existing height

• + 5’

• + 5’

• existing height

• existing height

meadow

freshwater riparian

salt tolerant grasses

maritime forest

01

+5FT OF FILL ADDED TO CREATE BUFFER MOUND

03

ADDITIONAL MATERIAL PLACED FOR INCREASED MOUND HEIGHT

02

MOUND STRATEGICALY PLANTED FOR FRESH TO SALT-WATER ECOLOGY TRANSITION

04

MOUND BUILT UP

• + 4’ • + 5’

• + 5’

• existing height

03

• existing height

ADDITIONAL MATERIAL PLACED FOR INCREASED MOUND HEIGHT

04

MOUND BUILT UP

nd

Extended Creek

arrow arum

WET MEADOW

spatter dock

cattail

duck weed

river birch

primrose willow

water pepper

wild rice

indian grass

bur marigold

bulrush

persimmon

purple top

goldenrod

jewelweed

stiltgrass

yarrow

aster

bergamont

big blue stem

DRY MEADOW

Branch

SHALLOW MARSH

Extended Creek

arrow arum

spatter dock

cattail

duck weed

river birch

WET MEADOW

primrose willow

water pepper

wild rice

indian grass

bur marigold

bulrush

persimmon

purple top

jewelweed

goldenrod

stiltgrass

yarrow

aster

bergamont

big blue stem

DRY MEADOW

Branch

SHALLOW MARSH HYDROPHYLIC URBANISM

069


06

Urban Water Farm

flood emergency refuge/aquatic recreation + culture center Base Ops/Emergency Field Operations Schenk Woodmen Competition LARP 502 • PennDesign Spring 2013 (1 week group competition) AWARDED 2ND PLACE

Weaving the site into the urban fabric with connective armatures dynamically functioning as water transportation, stormwater absorption, strategies, and deployable pod tracks. Urban Water Farm creates deployment of interconnected motherships along schuykill river through stormwater management infrastructure connecting parks and people back to the “hidden river”.


PROJECT AGENDA + TYPICAL OPERATIONS SITE PLAN Weaving the site into the urban fabric with connective armatures PROJECT AGENDA +TYPICAL OPERATIONS SITE PLAN dynamically functioning as water transportation, stormwater absorption strategies, and deployable pod tracks PROJECT AGENDA + TYPICAL OPERATIONS SITE PLAN

a

Weaving the site into the urban fabric with connective armatures dynamically functioning as water transportation, stormwater absorption strategies, and deployable pod tracks

Bringing the culture + habitat of the river into the community to create REFUGE RECREATION a refuge for both people and wildlife year-round and through the crisis + WILDLIFE HABITAT

3

trochilidae

hummingbird

yucca moth

prodoxidae

WATER

trochilidae

hummingbird

FILTERED WATER RETENTION BASIN + HYDROPONIC FA

prodoxidae

yucca moth

bombus

2

4

3

Research Labs Archival Storage Food Court

runoff

river

Alleviating drastic CSO overflows into the Schuylkill River by collecting and filtering both river and runoff flood waters through a system of wetlands FLOOD MANAGEMENT and an additional crisis storage doubling the collected water volume additional crisis storage

runoff

additional crisis storage

b

more flood water storage in hollow earthforms

Deploying motherships along the river to monitor and test the water quality and wildlife habitat along with ongoing research at the wetland, hydroponic farm, and drinking water purification process on site

2

b

more flood water storage in hollow earthforms

FLOOD MANAGEMENT

50%

FILTERED RIVER

WILDLIFE HABITAT_agriculture pollinators

3

50%

1

FILTERED WATER RETENTION BASIN + HYDROPONIC FARM

4

river

WILDLIFE HABITAT_agriculture pollinators

Administrative Offices 2 Research Labs LEGEND - TYPICAL 3 OPERATIONS Archival Storage 1 Administrative Offices 4 Food Court

REFUGE RECREATION + WILDLIFE HABITAT

Alleviating drastic CSO overflows into the Schuylkill River by collecting and filtering both river and runoff flood waters through a system of wetlands and an additional crisis storage doubling the collected water volume

WATER

LEGEND - TYPICAL OPERATIONS bumblebee

betula nigra

mugwart

EROSION CONTROL/STABILIZATION PLANT STRATEGY

FLOOD WATER ALLEVIATION

STORMWATER INFRASTRUCTURE STRATEGY

riverbirch

artemisia vulgaris

phytolacca americana

alosa sapidissima

ardea herodias

trochilidae

4

WILDLIFE HABITAT_riparian edge

DROUGHT + WATER INUNDATION TOLERANT PLANT STRATEGY

EROSION CONTROL/STABILIZATION PLANT STRATEGY

pokeweed

great blue heron

american shad

WILDLIFE HABITAT_riparian edge

FLOOD WATER ALLEVIATION

sandpiper

achillea millifolium

wild carrot

pokeweed

anisoptera

marsh wren

WILDLIFE HABITAT_urban wetland

yarrow

phytolacca americana

cistothorus palustris

monarch

danaus plexippus

STORMWATER INFRASTRUCTURE STRATEGY

daucus carota

Bringing the culture + habitat of the river into the community to create a refuge for both people and wildlife year-round and through the crisis

DROUGHT + WATER INUNDATION TOLERANT PLANT STRATEGY

bombus

betula nigra

riverbirch

artemisia vulgaris

mugwart

pokeweed

stormwater from road kerbing diverted into bioswale

WILDLIFE HABITAT_urban wetland

bumblebee

FILTERED RIVER

phytolacca americana

american shad

alosa sapidissima

ardea herodias

great blue heron

trochilidae

sandpiper

achillea millifolium

wild carrot

daucus carota

yarrow

phytolacca americana

a

pokeweed

CONNECTIVE ARMATURES

anisoptera

marsh wren

danaus plexippus

cistothorus palustris

stormwater from road kerbing diverted into bioswale

monarch

CONNECTIVE ARMATURES

WATER S

2

1

1

2013

1972

• emergent riparian buffer

river progressively getting cleaner: • 40 species of fish • otters,runoff crabs, migratory birds stormwater • emergent riparian buffer

clean water act

80 - 90% river pollution from

2013

1822

river polluted from industrial revolution

1972

AQUATIC RESEARCH

river supplied clean water to philadelphia

1909

1822

AQUATIC RESEARCH

1909

river progressively getting river polluted from to monitor clean waterand act test river supplied Deploying motherships along the river the water quality cleaner: revolution water to and wildlifeclean habitat alongindustrial with ongoing research at the wetland, hydroponic • 40 species of fish philadelphia • otters, crabs, migratory birds farm, and drinking water purification process on site

80 - 90% river pollution from stormwater runoff

c

Serving one of Philadelphia’s poorest neighborhoods, hydroponic farming is an economical method of feeding the neighborhood and conserving water usage while also alleviating nutrition pollution

c

Serving one of Philadelphia’s poorest neighborhoods, hydroponic farming is an economical method of feeding the neighborhood and conserving water usage while also alleviating nutrition pollution

$$ soil system over time

soil system

AQUATIC FARMING

hydroponic system over time $$ soil$system over time AQUATIC FARMING

$

soil system

b

hydroponic 1/20th

hydroponic system over time

FILTER

hydroponic 1/20th

072 SCHENK WOODMEN COMPETITION • SPRING 2013

upper lobby

upper lobby

cafe

cafe

a flood alleviation

flood alleviation

SCHUYLKILL RIVER

emergency storage

SCHUYLKILL RIVER

emergency storage

a


b WILDLIFE HABITAT_typical wetland

SOIL NUTRIENT BUILDING PLANT STRATEGY

FILTERED WATER RETENTION BASIN + HYDROPONIC FARM

c c

b

SOIL NUTRIENT BUILDING PLANT STRATEGY

WILDLIFE HABITAT_typical wetland

rainfall

U2 x 1

U1

direct runoff flow

soil flow

U3

ground water flow C2

rainfall

U2 x1

U1 U3

groundwater zone

seaside goldenrod

ground water flow

solidago sempervirens

soil flow

SALT TOLERANT PLANT STRATEGY

seaside goldenrod

X2

} maritime saltbush

direct runoff flow

solidago sempervirens

(1-U2) x1

atriplex acadiensis

}

maritime saltbush

(1-U2) x1

atriplex acadiensis

ragweed

ambrosia artemisifolia

WILDLIFE HABITAT_riparian edge

ragweed

aix sponsa

wood duck

betula nigra

riverbirch

artemisia vulgaris

mugwart

pokeweed

phytolacca americana

american shad alosa sapidissima

ardea herodias

FLOOD WATER ALLEVIATION

blue heron

trochilidae

WILDLIFE HABITAT_riparian edge

ambrosia artemisifolia

aix sponsa

wood duck

achmophorus

achmophorus

FF WATER

grebe

a

grebe

xanthocephalus

FF WATER sandpiper

a

blackbird

xanthocephalus

blackbird

sweet clover melilotus officinalis sweet clover melilotus officinalis

Offices

research lab research lab

EXISTING SUPERMARKET

site runoff bio-swales

EXISTING SUPERMARKET

red clover trifolium pratense

R WATER FILTERED RIVE

red clover trifolium pratense

white clover trifolium repens

white clover trifolium repens

e

site runoff bio-swales

HABITAT_agriculture pollinators FILTERED WATERWILDLIFE RETENTION BASIN + HYDROPONIC FARM

hydroponic retention basinfarm hydroponic farm

WILDLIFE HABITAT_agriculture pollinators

retention basin

medical center medical center research lab research lab

purified water tank

hummingbird trochilidae

hummingbird trochilidae

yucca moth prodoxidae

yucca moth prodoxidae

bumblebee bombus

bumblebee bombus

R FILTERED RIVE

purified water tank

corridor

lobby corridor

lobby

water pump room

water pump room

b

supply storage room

b

supply storage room

upper lobby

betula nigra

riverbirch

artemisia vulgaris

mugwart

pokeweed

phytolacca americana

american shad alosa sapidissima

blue heron

ardea herodias

trochilidae

sandpiper

trochilidae

hummingbird

WATER STORAGE + FILTRATION STRATEGIES TYPOLOGIES

WATER STORAGE + FILTRATION STRATEGIES TYPOLOGIES

WATER STORAGE + FILTRATION STRATEGY TYPOLOGIES

ARM

ATER

RATIONS

SIN + HYDROPONIC FARM ators

EROSION CONTROL/STABILIZATION PLANT STRATEGY

NO FILTERED RU EROSION CONTROL/STABILIZATION PLANT STRATEGY

NO FILTERED RU

FLOOD WATER ALLEVIATION

WATER

C2

C1

surface zone soil zone

X2

groundwater zone

C1

surface zone soil zone

SITE RUNOFF BIO-SWALE STRATEGY SALT TOLERANT PLANT STRATEGY

SITE RUNOFF BIO-SWALE STRATEGY

c c

URBAN WATER FARM

073


07

Winter Wünderland Pittsuburg winter sports + recreation playscape

Media III_Surface Modeling+Narrative Animation_Playscape LARP 543 • PennDesign Fall 2013 • critic_Keith VanDerSys

Nestled within a forested hillside on the southern side of the Monongahela River in Pittsburg, the Winter Wünderland exploits the annual snow fall of the region creating a winter sports and recreation playscape as a neighborhood park. By strategic terrrain modeling, the programs are carved into the hilly site held by central water retention basins acting as the ice rink centerpiece of the park throughout the winter months.


toboggan sledding

snoshoe

ice skate

ski

sno-play

Existing Context_Programmatic+Circulation Organization

Existing Topography + Landscape Conditions

Cage Edit Existing Surface with Main Organization Logic

Large Collector Dip at Center with subsquent High Mound for Supply

snoball • forts • snoman

bottom dip to break acceleration flat area for play flexibility

Sledding Zones Created With Higher Flat Top And Bottom Dip

Sno-play Area Comprised of Large Flat Area for Variety of Activities

figure • speed • play

backcountry • downhill

wide slope for downhill turning radi backcountry trails

Downhill And Backcountry Skiing Trails with Different Slopes 076 MEDIA 111 • FALL 2013

figure

speed

play

3 Skate Rinks Aggregated at Center with Views of all Activities


Figured Flow Path Network Projected onto Existing Surface

Center Collection_water • social gathering • 360 park view gathering zone gathering zone

gathering zone

Secondary Formal and Prorammatic Logic_ trails • tracks • peaks

Primary Path Network Surfaced with Sweep 2

2 tracks for racing viewing/cheering area at terminus

Curved Toboggan Tracks Sculpted into Sloping Landforms

Varied Topography and Vegetation for Different Degrees of Snoshoers 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 16

Winterpark with Varied Topography for Different Program Needs

Crescendo of Topographic Intensity WINTER WUNDERLAND

077


ICE SKATE RINKS play

-

figure

speed

-

SNO-SHOE HIKING

trails

pine slopes

trails +

pine forests

+

-

-

SLEDDING HILLS + +

ski slopes

-

tracks

downhill slopes +

-

+

SKIING TRAILS

+

TOBOGGAN +

+

-

flat flexible area

SNO-PLAY

main path organization

water collection

existing site

078 MEDIA 111 • FALL 2013

THE WINTER WUNDERLAND


View from the SnowShoe Trails down to the Ice Rinks

View from the top of the Sled Hills down into the Ice Rink Bowl

WINTER WUNDERLAND

079


08

The River + The Rail

emergent symbiotic machine by process of system splicing + reactionary opposition Traversing Landscape_Bartram’s Garden LARP 501 • PennDesign Fall 2012 • critic_Dilip da Cunha Published in Process 17

Industrial cities characteristically exhibit infrastructural networks along rivers. Although traveling adjacent to eachother through the fabric, systems are separate with no interaction. The River and The Rail proposes a deliberate juxtaposition, celebrating the 2 systems while creating new symbiotic infrastructure remediating each system’s weaknesses through a progression of splicing, reactions, and armistice.


d eri ais ge y f ro le n ab str a m

s ari ar ug te w m o es rt ia vu lg

c

am om bro mo sia n r ar ag te w m e is ed iifo lia

sm

is

dig o ita oth ria c is ra ch b ae gr m as um s

h co ors ny e za we ca ed na de ns g

se ree ta n ria fo vir xt id ail is

rs te

ch m en m op on od la iu m m b alb sq um ua r

• accumalates lead from soil • food for wildlife (esp. birds)

• herbaceous perennial • phytoremediation by absorbing heavy metals (zinc, cooper, lead, cadmium) • tolerant of road salt/compacted soil • erosion control on slopes

co

m

s ari ar ug te w m a is rt ia vu lg

c

il ty om ph m a o la n tifo c lia att a

s nu pa ph tte ar rd ad o ve ck na

w se hite ta c ria at vir fish id is b se lueb ta ac ria k vir he id rrin is g fo se urs ta pin ria e vir st id ick is le ba ck giz se za ta rd ria s vir had id is w se hite ta s ria uc vir ke id r is qu se illb ta ac ria k vir id is

MATURE watershed boundry

• herbaceous perennial • nutrient absorption in wetlands • stream/riverbank stablizer • food for wildlife

• herbaceous perennial • nutrient absorption in wetlands • food for wildlife

• winter/summer annual • disturbance adaptor colonizer of bare grounds

• herbaceous perennial • phytoremediation by absorbing heavy metals (zinc, cooper, lead, cadmium) • erosion control on slopes

• summer annual • accumalates lead from soil • food for wildlife (esp. birds)

• summer annual • disturbance adaptor colonizer of bare grounds, tolerant of contaminated soils

• winter/summer annual • disturbance adaptor colonizer of bare grounds

• summer annual • food + habitat providor

• summer annual • phytoremediation by absorbing heavy metals (zinc, cooper, lead)

082 LARP 501 • FALL 2012

w se hite ta p ria er vir ch id is ro se ck ta ba ria s s vir id is

wealth of nest sites, shelter, food and water

RIPARIAN SYSTEMS: MIGRANT CORRIDORS

Geese and Ducks (Anatidae)

headwaters

tributary

valley is less steep, stream begins to meander

percolation

groundwater (aquifier)

valley is steep, V shaped

YOUNG

FISH LADDERS: TIDAL UPSTREAM TRAFFIC the tidal Schuylkill River is home to more than 40 species of fish that can migrate up the Schuylkill River to spawn


• summer annual • disturbance adaptor to bare ground

• evergreen biennial • distubance-adapted colonizer of bare ground

• summer annual • stream + riverbank stabilizer; nutrient absorption in wetlands

• summer annual

rig an os e us

sis

a co sia m tic m eli da na yf co low m e m r un is

b cir ull siu th m ist vu le lg are

im we pa lw tie e ns ed ca pe n

je

c

am om bro mo sia n r ar ag te w m e is ed iifo lia

Loons (Gaviidae)

sh se or ta tn ria os vir e s id tur is g eo n

Booby and Gannets (Sulidae)

lo se ngn ta o ria se vir ga id r is

sh se or ta tn ria os vir e s id tur is g eo n

flood plain

at se lan ta tic ria s vir tur id ge is on s

Turkeys and Grouse (Phasianidae)

ra se inb ta ow ria s vir me id lt is

n se orth ta e ria rn vir pik id e is

te se ss ta ella ria t e vir d d id ar is te r

b se and ta ed ria k vir illifi id sh is

sli se my ta s ria cu vir lpin id is

ra se inb ta ow ria t vir rou id t is

Quails (Odontophoridae) Bitterns, Herons and Egrets (Ardeidae)

Cormorants (Phalacrocoracidae)

OLD AGE valley has wide flood plain; stream meanders

THE RIVER AND THE RAIL

083


deployable seeding harvest structure deployable seeding harvest structure

SYS

re-appropriated industrial re-appropriated industrial rubble gabion wall wall rubble gabion

remediative planting remediative planting

habitat refuge river river habitat refuge

wetland wetland canalcanal

SPLICING REACTIONARY PERFORMATIVE MODEL STUDIES SPLICING REACTIONARY PERFORMATIVE MODEL STUDIES SPLICING REACTIONARY PERFORMATIVE MODEL STUDIES DISSIPATION A RADIAL DISSIPATION A RADIAL

SYSTEM A Reaction Study_Density Dissipation ( water • pepper • dishsoap • wood dowel SYSTEM A Reaction Study_Density Dissipation ( water • pepper • dishsoap • wood dowel ) ) system B_ intrusion system B_ intrusion

displacement collected at terminus displacement collected at terminus

system A_ intrusion system A_ intrusion radial dissipation radial dissipation

squeezed density at midpoint squeezed density at midpoint displaced sectionally at perimeter displaced sectionally at perimeter

system A_ reactor system A_ reactor system B_ reactor system B_ reactor 001

007

002

002

003

007

003

007

004

004

005

005

006

006

007

007

008

008

009

009

010

010

011

011

012

012

013

013

014

014

007

SYSTEM B Reaction Study_Surface Displacement ( gravel • wood dowel SYSTEM B Reaction Study_Surface Displacement ( gravel • wood dowel ) )

ACCRETION B PERIMETER ACCRETION B PERIMETER system B_ intrusion system B_ intrusion

001

displacement collected at terminus displacement collected at terminus

system A_ intrusion system A_ intrusion radial dissipation radial dissipation

squeezed density at midpoint squeezed density at midpoint displaced sectionally at perimeter displaced sectionally at perimeter system A_ reactor system A_ reactor system B_ reactor system B_ reactor 001

007

007

007

001

002

002

003

003

004

004

005

005

006

006

007

007

008

008

009

009

010

010

011

011

012

012

013

013

014

014

007

084 LARP 501 • FALL 2012

A A

wetland canal with hard + soft edges wetland canal with hard + soft edges

deployable seeding harvest structure

deployable structure The The deployable seedingseeding structure created by the created by re-appropriated the re-appropriated rubbles cultivates rubbles cultivates remediation remediation plants plants to seeded be seeded to to be out to out contaminated contaminated industrial The canals industrial sites. The sites. wetland wetland canals cut into the cut into the industrialscape with both industrialscape with both soft and soft and hard edges creating habitat hard edges creating habitat refuge for river the ecologies river ecologies refuge for the and and provide a social amenity. provide a social amenity.

deployable seeding harvest structure

EMERGENT SYMBIOTIC MACHINE EMERGENT SYMBIOTIC MACHINE DYNAMIC MODEL STUDIES EMERGENT SYMBIOTIC MACHINE

B B


SYSTEM SPLICING PHASING STAGES_Intruction • Reaction • Armistice [site sections: graphite on arches • interventions: digital]

SYSTEM SPLICING PHASING STAGES_Intrusion • Reaction • Armistice [site sections: graphite on arches • interventions: digital]

canals dug from wetland

stage 02 ___

SYSTEM A INTRUSION UPON SYSTEM B

subsurface removed reappropriated along canal

SYSTEM B REACTION TO INTRUSION

EMERGENT ARMISTICE

plantings for soil remediation + erosion control

stage 03 ___

stage 01 ___

SUBSURFACE TREATMENT • HABITAT REFUGE salix babylonica

tanacetum vulgare

ardea herodias

PHYTOREMEDIATION NURSERY • BROWNFIELD SEEDING NETWORK alosa sapidissima gabion wall cell infrastruce

helianthus annuus

stage 01 ___

stage 02 ___

EMERGENT ARMISTICE

plantings for remediation nursery

SYSTEM A REACTION TO INTRUSION

plants reappropriated to gabion wall exterior

mound rubble stacked in gabion walls sliced into wetland

SYSTEM B INTRUSION UPON SYSTEM A

stage 03 ___

THE RIVER AND THE RAIL

085


SYSTEM SPLICING ARMISTICE [site sections: graphite on arches • intervention splices: digital perspectives]

SYSTEM SPLICING ARMISTICE [site sections: graphite on arches • intervention splices: digital perspectives]

DEP

DEPLOYABLE SEEDING HARVEST STRUCTURE: VARIABLE SIZE • FORM • FUNCTION

PLAN

ELEVATION

086 LARP 501 • FALL 2012

SECTION


DEPLOYABLE SEEDING HARVEST STRUCTURE [exploded axon: digital • perspective: graphite on arches] DEPLOYABLE SEEDING HARVEST STRUCTURE [exploded axon: digital • perspective: graphite on arches]

brassica juncea

anuual, perennial early spring summer

indian mustard

Duration Bloom Period Fruit/Seed Period

track feet and locking mechanism to allow for vertical + horizontal movement

alfalfa grass

anuual, perennial spring summer

medicago sativa

Duration Bloom Period Fruit/Seed Period

heteranthera dubia

anuual, perennial early spring spring - early winter

water stargrass

Duration Bloom Period Fruit/Seed Period

irrigation sourced from wetland embedded within vertical sliding frames

steel frame tie sandwhiched within gabion wall for structure

deployable fabric shell for sporatic seed harvesting + undetermined events/uses

STABLE gabion wall_main structural support steel frame_secondary structural support seeding frame planter tracks FLEXIBLE planter tray irrigation frame planter trays

THE RIVER AND THE RAIL

087


CONCEPTUAL RENDERING_HYDROLOGICAL SYMBIOSIS URBANISM


Uncovering the Invisible System

09

the intertwining of building and site creating a new symbiotic architecture with water as mediator Breadboarding the City ARCH 502 • PennDesign Spring 2012 • critic_Mark Kroeckel Published in Pressing Matters

Acknowledging the city of Philadelphia’s drastically overflowing combined sewer outfalls into the Delaware River, my project attempts to alleviate the issue by revitalizing the city’s water system to create a new urban realm in which buildings and sites become 1 entity with water acting as the mediating agent resulting in a new symbiotic architecture that is tightly woven into the urban fabric remediating the city’s blasé attitude by the soft transitions from exterior into interior.


FORMAL JUXSTAPOSITION + PURIFICATION SYSTEM

DIURNAL + SEASONAL METAMORPHOSIS IMPLICATIONS

DIURNAL IMPLICATIONS DIURNAL++SEASONAL SEASONAL METAMORPHOSIS METAMORPHOSIS IMPLICATIONS

FORMALJUXSTAPOSITION JUXTAPOSITION++PURIFICATION PURIFICATION SYSTEM FORMAL SYSTEM FORMAL JUXSTAPOSITION + PURIFICATION SYSTEM

DIURNAL + SEASONAL METAMORPHOSIS IMPLICATIONS

soft, free-form organic language soft, free-form organic soft, free-form organic language language

programmatic shift + water level 001

J

+ water programmatic shift level 002 programmatic shift + water level 003

angular, constructed man-made language angular, angular, constructed constructed man-made language 3 3 man-made language

a

a

a 2

a 3 2

a

3

aa

22

aa

3 3

2

3a3 33

22

DIURNALMETAMORPHOSIS METAMORPHOSIS DIURNAL 2

R RE

R

WA

LA

E aaD

2 2

ER ARRE confluence AW WA

LA DDEEL

b

J

a a

3

2

emergent surface programmatic shift

confluence confluence

aa

bb

SEASONAL METAMORPHOSISJ

3 3

+ water level 001 emergent connections + water level 001 + water level 002 + water level 002 + water level 003 + water level 003 emergent connections emergent connections

J

ER R RIV IVE

aa

2 2

J

IVE

a 3 3

aa

DIURNAL METAMORPHOSIS

J

emergent surface emergent surface programmatic shiftshift programmatic

2 2

SEASONAL SEASONALMETAMORPHOSIS METAMORPHOSIS

PERFORMATIVE MODELS_WATER ABSORPTION: MOVEMENT + DISTORTION

PERFORMATIVE MODELS_WATER ABSORPTION: MOVEMENT + DISTORTION PERFORMATIVEMODELS_WATER MODELS_WATER ABSORPTION: MOVEMENT ++DISTORTION PERFORMATIVE ABSORPTION: MOVEMENT DISTORTION

HYDR HY

3

7 8

2 3

1

3

7

5

4

7

8

2

2 4

0 min

1/2 min

0 min 0 min

1/2 min 1/2 min

1

1

1. sugar dissolving

1. sugar dissolving 1. sugar dissolving

5 min 5 min

5 min

2. sugar particles breaking down

2. sugar particles breaking down 2. sugar particles breaking down

15 min

3. purer water migrating away from sugar

15 min 3. purer water migrating 15 away min from sugarwater migrating away 3. purer from sugar

a a v

v

v

v v

v v v

090 ARCH 502 • SPRING 2012

v

v v

vv v

v

v

v

v v

v

v

v

v

v

20 min 20 min 20 min

5

4

25 min

4. sugar particles re-distributed

25 min 4. sugar particles re-distributed 25 min 4. sugar particles re-distributed

5

6

30 min

5. clear distinction between re-crystallizing sugar and purer water

2 23

6

35 min

6

6. re-formalized sugar mass 7. purer water absorbing into water

8

40 min

8. water absorbing at edges

35 min 30 min 40 min 5. clear distinction between30 min 6. re-formalized sugar mass 35 min 8. water absorbing at edges 40 min re-crystallizing sugar and purer 5. clear distinction between waterre-crystallizing sugar and purer water

7. purer water absorbing intomass water 6. re-formalized sugar 7. purer water absorbing into water

8. water absorbing at edges

a

b

b

b

2

2


shift

001

002

003 nections

J

ace shift

J

HYDROLOGICAL SYSTEM TYPOLOGIES 2

HYDROLOGICAL SYSTEMTYPOLOGIES TYPOLOGIES HYDROLOGICAL SYSTEM 3 hardscape 2 3 softscape 2

3 hardscape

2

3 softscape

b

infrastructure

b

infrastructure

a

architecture

a

architecture

40 min

edges

2

2

3

3

UNCOVERING THE INVISIBLE SYSTEM

091


FILTER PHASE 001

FILTER PHASE 001

FILTER FEEDERS

purification by consuming rain water bacteria and small decomposing matter

ou gh str u

ctu

r ate nw rai

re

performative exterior structure operative exterior structure

thr

Dorsal Acartia tranteri

ate rf ilte red

Water Flea Bosmina longirostris

COLLECT

filter feeders

in w ra

a

rainwater storage

Conepod Cyclops strenuous

D

wa

te

rc

EP

ha

nn

ele

dt

b

LO

of ilte

rin

gp

Y

ha

se

00

2

FILTER

fish + plants further filter water

c

01

FILTERPHASES PHASES002/003 002/003 FILTER common rudd common roach

surface Yellow Iris Iris pseudacorus

littoral

Common rudd Scardinius erythrophthalmus

48 cm

middle

Water Soldier Stratiotes aloides 35 cm

limnetic

Spiked watermilfoil Myriophyllum spicatum

PLANTS purification by consuming excess nutrients and de-acidification by removing carbon dioxide

092 ARCH 502 • SPRING 2012

Peach Glow Nymphea alba

tench

bottom

FISH

84 cm

purification by consuming un-desired plankton, algae, insects, larvae, snails, etc.

Common Roach Rutilus rutilus

Tench Tinca tinca


01 02 03 04 05

06 07 08 09 10

market park stalls retail shared workspace media center bar/cafe

market park performance space small studios small meeting rooms shared kitchen/dining gallery

11 12 13 14 15

lounge large studios conference rooms large meeting rooms stormwater catchment

g matter FLORIST STREET

SECOND FLOOR

P2

15

DN

13

14

15

NORTH 2ND STREET

03

15

DN

15

12

15

15

RACE

ET STRE

FLORIST STREET

GROUND FLOOR

P1

07 DN

03

09 UP

03

DN

08

DN

UP DN

ater 01

05

NORTH 2ND STREET

04 02

DN

06

UP

10

11

DN

RACE

ET STRE

d ythrophthalmus

ach s

UNCOVERING THE INVISIBLE SYSTEM

093


10

Re-Energizing The Urban Agriculture Cycle connecting landscapes through graywater collection + filtration repurposing existing structures Re-Visioning the Food Truck Route in Old City Schenk Woodmen Competition ARCH 502 • PennDesign Spring 2012 (1 week competition) HONORABLE MENTION

Re-energizing the urban agriculture cycle in Old City Philadelphia promotes a more sustainable approach to the food truck typology. Food truck stops are connected throughout the neighborhood creating an urban running trail path that connects within the larger landscape infrastructure. The path is inserted into the existing fabric allowing for flexible responses to the context.


LANDSCAPE STRATEGIES ALONG TRAIL PATH

LANDSCAPE STRATEGIES ALONG TRAIL PATH LANDSCAPE STRATEGIES ALONG TRAIL PATH a

a

C

b

building edge pedestrian way seating + agriculture planter gray water trough + drain running trail tree alle road

building edge pedestrian way seating + agriculture planter gray water trough + drain running trail tree alle road

FOOD

C

b

building edge pedestrian way GPS/runner tracker/info board gray water trough + drain running trail tree alle road

building edge pedestrian way gray water trough + drain running trail + tree corridor building edge pedestrian way

road

building edge pedestrian way GPS/runner tracker/info board gray water trough + drain running trail tree alle road

gray water trough + drain running trail + tree corridor road

filtered graywater fed orchard existing billboard structure

existing billboard structure filtered graywater fed orchard

filtered graywater storage

filtered graywater storage graywater pipes graywater pipes

2ND STREET

2ND STREET

Urban Orchard Garden

Urban Orchard Garden

Produce Agriculture Field Produce Agriculture Field

Food Tr

096 SCHENK WOODMEN COMPETITION • SPRING 2012


FOOD TRUCK ROUTE: Connecting Landscapes

FOOD Landscapes FOODTRUCK TRUCKROUTE: ROUTE: Connecting Connecting Landscapes FOOD TRUCK ROUTE: Connecting Landscapes URBAN RUNING TRAIL PATH connecting neighborhoods and stitching into the existing landscape infrastructure TRACKING INFO KIOSK connecting people with the broader community TRACKING INFO KIOSK

TRACKING INFO KIOSKwith connecting people connecting people with the broader community the broader community

building edge pedestrian way cker/info board GPS/runner tracker/info board gh + drain gray water trough + drain running trail tree alle road

M

FRESH

M

M

M

M

M

PRODUCE FOOD TRUCKFRESH connecting people with FRESH healthier options

URBAN RUNING TRAIL PATH connecting neighborhoods and stitching

URBAN RUNING TRAIL PATH into the existing landscape infrastructure connecting neighborhoods and stitching into the existing landscape infrastructure

COLLECTION + REPURPOSE connecting Old City with a citywide sustainable storm water goal

COLLECTION + REPURPOSE

COLLECTION + REPURPOSE connecting Old City with a citywide connecting Old City with a citywide sustainable storm sustainable storm water goal water goal

URBAN AGRICULTURE connecting the community with locally grown and harvested food

URBAN AGRICULTURE URBAN AGRICULTURE connecting the community with connecting the community with locally grown and harvested food

locally grown and harvested food

PRODUCE FOOD TRUCK connecting peopleTRUCK with PRODUCE FOOD healthier options connecting people with

healthier options

board structure

ure

aywater fed orchard

rchard

aywater storage

age

pipes

griculture Field

ld

Food Truck Garage

Orchard Garden Seating DELAWARE EXPY

Food Truck Garage

Orchard Garden Seating DELAWARE EXPY

Food Truck Garage

Orchard Garden Seating

DELAWARE EXPY RE-ENERGIZING THE URBAN AGRICULTURE CYCLE

097


Transition: Perception Distortion

11

an exploration of episodic memory retrieval through the lens of Eternal Sunshine of the Spotless Mind Concept Context Content ARCH 501 • PennDesign Fall 2011 • critic_Philipp von Dalwig

The Arts Pavilion acts as a gateway transition between the 2 contrasting site conditions: Wild Natural Landscape + Urban Hardscape. Transitions become distorted according to adjacent conditions through the progression of the building. Through distortion, the user’s perception becomes heightened, leaving the user in the programmatic action space in state of “awareness” to further concentrate on the given task of the space.


INSTANCES OF DISTORTION INSTANCES OF DISTORTION

a

SUBJECT

Viewer

OBSERV

Being Viewed

Installation Exhibit

3

a

SUBJECT

Viewer

5

Being Viewed

Installation Exhibit

03 3

c

02

d

5

6

03

b

b

ORIENTATION Ramp

Floor

Wall

2

6

a ORIENTATION Ramp

Floor

Wall

01

2

a

c

c

CONTEXT

Exterior

Exterior Lounge

CONTEXT

Exterior

Exterior Lounge

d

c

02

01

Interior

1

Interior

1

01 RECEPTION 02 EXHIBITION 03 LOUNGE 01 RECEPTION 02 EXHIBITION Progression of Manipulated/Urbanized Landscape 03 LOUNGE

d d

SCALE

Contained

Thresholds

SCALE

Contained

Thresholds

100 ARCH 501 • FALL 2011

Released

Released

2

1

3

4

5

Progression of Manipulated/Urbanized Landscape

1

2

3

4

5

6

6

GROUND FLOOR GROUND FLOOR

P1

P1


OBSERVATIONAL DISTORTION

TRANSITION: PERCEPTION DISTORTION

101


EPISODIC MEMORY PROCESS From an information processing perspective there are 3 stages in the formation and retrieval of memory: 1 time EPISODIC MEMORY PROCESS ENCODING receiving, processing and combining of received information

EPISODIC MEMORY PROCESS place From an information processing perspective there are 3 stages in the formation and retrieval of memory: STORAGE creation of a permanent record of the encoded information 3 emotions From an information processing perspective there are 3 stages in the formation and retrieval of memory: 2

1 2 3 4 5

RETRIEVAL calling back the stored information in response to some cue senses time receiving, and combining of received information for use in a process or processing activity people ENCODING place STORAGE creation of a permanent record of the encoded information emotions RETRIEVAL calling back the stored information in response to some cue senses for use in a process or activity people

4 5

c3

5

1

1

b2

3

c3

3 5

4

1

4

5

b2

2

a 1

2

1

2

3

3

3 4 4

5

3

4

2

5

5

1

a 1

2

2 1

4

3 1

3

5

5

4

2

2

3

2

3 4 1

5

4 5

a a

102 ARCH 501 • FALL 2011

performance auditorium installation exhibit

a

performance auditorium

b

installation exhibit exterior lounge

c

1 2

a b

PROGRAM CONNECTIONS c exterior lounge

1

4

PROGRAM CONNECTIONS


SEQUENCE OF TRANSITION

SEQUENCE OF TRANSITION SEQUENCE OF TRANSITION

RECEPTION

1 garden

INSTALLATION EXHIBIT

2 garden RECEPTION

3 garden INSTALLATION EXHIBIT

PERFORMANCE AUDITORIUM

4 garden

5 garden PERFORMANCE AUDITORIUM

EXTERIOR LOUNGE

6 garden EXTERIOR LOUNGE

Progression1of Containment RECEIVE3 gardenRELEASE Progression garden 2 garden 4 garden 5 gardenof Exterior 6 garden Progression of Containment RECEIVE

RELEASE Progression of Exterior

c c

d d

TRANSITION: PERCEPTION DISTORTION

103


12

BSA Design Center

didactic architecture_integrated passive + active systems with structure Comprehensive Design Studio Design Studio 5 • Northeastern University Spring 2009 • partner_Shane Gibbons • critics: David Stern, Kiel Moe

The BSA Design Center, situated along the Fort Point Channel in South Boston, connects to the larger urban water dialogue. The building participates in collecting, filtering and releasing rain water back to the Channel, while harnessing the water for evaporative cooling within the building atrium and along the celebrated drip edge at the perimeter of the site courtyard. Combining both passive and active strategies, the building utilizes a parking garage structure to circulate the airflow through double T beams embedded with hydronic tubing, thus maximizing the thermal capacity of the surface area. The air is then sucked up through the atrium along the thick rammed earth wall contributing to the stack effect through it’s inherent thermal activity.

2

4 5


RAIN WATER CYCLE 1 VEGETATED ROOF 2 DRIP EDGE 3 WATER RUNNEL 4 FILTRATION WETLANDS 5 WATER CHANNEL

1

3


BUILDING SECTION PERSPECTIVE BUILDINGENVELOPE ENVELOPE SECTION PERSPECTIVE

1

4

2

8

5

6 7 3 9 15

13

11

10

12 14

16

17

18

19

1

site cast concrete beam

2

site cast concrete column

3

batt insulation in light weight stl stud

4

gyp. board interior finish wall

5

exterior grade dens glass

6

water proofing membreane

7

rigid insulation

8

tube stl strongback system

9

light weight stl stud sill

10

diffuse overhead lighting

11

cast in place hydronics

12

raised floor stl pedestal support

13

raised floor panels

14

site cast double T floor slabs

15

stl clip angle with dowel bolted to stongback frame

16

stone rainscreen

17

operable ventilation window

18

glass curtain wall with stone rainscreen

19 double layer glass

65

106 DESIGN STUDIO 5 • SPRING 2009 2009 DESIGN STUDIO 5 • SPRING


66

BSA DESIGN CENTER 107 BSA DESIGN CENTER


appendix


13

Urban Detritivore_A Renegotiation Between Growth and Decay an emergent architectural scaffold generated from structured decay at the philadelphia navy yard

MARCH/MLA Thesis • PennDesign 2014-2015 • advisors_Annette Fierro (ARCH) + Karen M'Closkey (LARP)

Can we develop a method by which the growth of new urban tissue is structured through the decay of the old, to both animate and evolve the urban corpse? Currently, the decay of our human artifacts, this urban entropy, typically gets type cast as signs of degradation (both land and society), blight, or nostalgia. But in fact, it is the natural ecology of urbanity. A latent potential lies embedded within the process of urban entropy. Instead of vilifying and eradicating this aspect, I propose to use these processes as generative sources of urban growth, choreographing the deterioration, prompting an evolution of the architecture instead of an end or a beginning. Working in the Philadelphia Navy Yard, on a silver of land, excluded from the Re-development masterplan, the project poses a new park gateway to Philadelphia, connecting the Navy Yard, Delaware River, and FDR Park.


Urban Detritivore_A Renegotiation Between Growth and Decay The Navy Yard, originally an island, operated under the Navy for 128 years until 1996 when the site was bought and sold to PIDC in 2000 with the agenda of commercial re-development. The Masterplan aims for rehabilitation and re-development of the existing buildings, the urban fabric, and the addition of new architecture to compliment and animate the old. Aligning with the current paradigms of adaption and post-industrial re-hab projects, the masterplan is conventional in its techniques for re-development with its use of operational extensions and subtractions. My project takes on this conventional understanding of Adaptive Reuse by critiquing how the current paradigms are typically understood in the context of rehabilitation projects, which transform the building through physical operations. For example, at one end of the spectrum, e.g. Duisburg Nord, we can suture in new architecture and re-assemble existing fragments, while at the other we can detonate the whole site, like Pruitt–Igoe, starting fresh with a terra nova and a brand new building obliterating any trace of its history. The concept of adaptation will be explored by unpacking the ways in which the term is understood in living systems, specifically in regards to emergence and ideas of succession. The project grew out of an interest in erasure, particularly in the intersection between building life cycle and ecological succession, with embedded concepts of entropy, growth and decay, disturbance and evolution. These ideas have a long history in the subject of ruins, which greatly influenced my choice of site, specifically, the paradoxical motives of both preserving a heritage and the desire to fulfill new cultural demands. Unlike, ancient ruins prized for their heritage and there graceful decay, our modern ruins are left marginalized, not yet awarded ruin “value” for their unfavorable material deterioration and disturbing reminder of an obsolescence come too soon. Typically falling into urban blight, where the decay of the structure is a passive result from neglect, or calling to notations of nostalgia concocted from the ideals of romantic picturesque. My question is: Can we develop a method by which the growth of new urban tissue is structured through the decay of the old, to both animate and evolve the urban corpse? We reserve the right to fail, but fail gloriously. We don’t need to assume or pretend we can easily answer this question. This exploration is not a ‘project’ per say, in the sense that it produces a final product, an idealized state of ‘completion’, on the contrary this thesis is an experiment of method. The hypothesis, influenced by a hyper-contextualization, is aimed at producing a growth model, an organizational logic that operates by way of processes extracted from the research of extant entropy on the site. The value of this proposal lies in the translation of such dynamic processes into a ‘reality’ of urbanism. Flirting on the line between the art-of architecture and the dirty grit of pragmatism. The methodology is inspired by the notions of emergence and ecological succession, whereby incremental changes occur from disturbances such as development pressures, environmental shifts, and human interaction. An ecology of dynamic urban processes, by which natural systems, both living and non-living (abiotic and anthropogenic), produce organized arrangements of material in space and time. A forensic mapping of extant site conditions in conjunction with an analysis of intense entropy on the site will provide the variables to both fuel and disrupt the growth model as well as the starting points to intervene. The proposition is to create a scaffold, to both appendage the failing structures, creating pockets of space for development to colonize within, as well as an armature for the material deterioration of the shell and structure to be catalyzed producing emergent urban ecologies. 112 MARCH/MLA THESIS • 2014 - 2015


Tower Investments (Bart Blastein)

PMC (Ron Kaplan)

Commerce Center

Buccini Bolin Group The Navy Yard

The Shipyard

Central Green District

ical netwo t i l o rk -p o i c o s

Philadelphia Authority for Industrial Development

SEPTA

Transportation

Chatham Bay Group

Private Real Estate Organizations

Digsua

Preservation Alliance of Greater Philadelphia

O'Neil Prop Group

Drano

PIDC

(PHS) PA Horticultural Society Philadelphia Planning Commission

Delaware Exp Philadelphia Parks Alliance Philadelphia Regional Port Authority

CSX Rail lines

Public Organizations The Commonwealth of PA

emergence River Associations FDR Skatepark Adjacent POI Wells Fargo Center

Lincoln Field

+

Philadelphia Water Department

Philadelphia Parks and Rec Department

DECAY

GROWTH

site morphology (society, environment, historyl)

Citizens Bank Park

PA Department of Environmental Protection

Athletic Base Ball Club of

Environmental Organizations

Philadelphia (Fair + Exhibit on

PA Department of Conservation

Parade Grounds)

and Natural Resources

Philadelphia Navy Yard

Naval Support Activity Philadelphia Navy Activities

Naval Surface Warfare Center Ship Systems Engineering Naval Facilities Engineering Command

en (pol m p icy, c v elo ommun ity, private de

t)

Ecology

Naval Inactive Ship Maintenance Facility

Schuykill River Delaware River Water Ways Girard Point Meadow Lake Parks

Urban OutďŹ tters

FDR Park Marine Parade Grounds

Tasty Baking Company

Crescent Park

Iroko Pharmaceuticals FDR Golf Club Aker Philadelphia Shipyard

Rhoads Industries

Nearby Companies (120) Owner_Philadelphia Industrial Development Corp.

Philadelphia Industrial Development Corporation

Energy E

cient Buildings Hub Mark Group Inc. RevZilla.com

GlaxoSmithKline

URBAN DETRIVORE

113


+

+

EXTANT SITE CONDITIONS

+

cqueline Martinez | march+mla thesis 2014-2015 visors_Annette Fierro + Karen M'Closkey

+ +

+

+ +

+ +

+

queline Martinez | march+mla thesis 2014-2015 isors_Annette Fierro + Karen M'Closkey

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

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08 +

12

de

825

+

y

exp

+

+

+

772

+

+

+

07 +

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

C

+

+

+

08

south 26th st.

re

a law

+

+

+

+

09

11

aw del

15

+

south 26th st.

xpy

e are

B

+

+

772

07

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

C

langley ave

12

09

11

14 10

548

B

15

langley ave

825 668 13

A

14 10

548

668 13

A

r

100 FT

08 LEGEND

07

06

05

100 FT

grasses

in-active rail

highway above

13

entropic moment

puddles

active rail (csx)

road salt spray

A

entropic case study

trees

degraded path

2ft grade change

08

07

06

05

LEGEND grasses

in-active rail

highway above

13

entropic moment

puddles

active rail (csx)

road salt spray

A

entropic case study

degraded path

2ft grade change

trees SITE TRANSECT

SITE TRANSECT SITE TRANSECT

the grasslands

the grasslands

116 MARCH/MLA THESIS • 2014 - 2015

degraded path in the grasslands

degraded path in the grasslands

parking lot lake

parking lot lake

back-side rails

behemoth ships

back-side rails

behemoth ship


Urban Corpse_a renegotiation of growth and dec

EXTANT SITE CONDITIONS

02

Urban Corpse_a renegotiation of growth and de

EXTANT SITE CONDITION

02

FDR park

FDR park +

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

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02 06

+

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763

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694

05

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01

02 03

06

694 603

613

01

120

542

04

03

613

120

542

reserve basin

04

sin

04

03

03

the allée

the allée

01

02

wall of ships

wall of ships

02

01

rectangular mundane boxes

rectangular mundane boxes

enterance greeting

enterance greeting

URBAN DETRIVORE

117

+

+


SERIAL SITE SECTIONS_Entropic Moments

118 MARCH/MLA THESIS • 2014 - 2015


synonyms: deterioration, degeneration, crumbling, decline, degradation, decomposition, breaking down, collapse; disorder, chaos

GROWTH VARIABLE STRATEGY

1.

deer s

N biological

2.

chemical

climatic

anthropogenic

3.

14

15

B

TOOLBOX OF AGENTS + PROCESS’ 15 13

14

ENTROPIC PROCESS VARIABLE

SECTION 08

broken glass

The fallen facade materals and bits EMERGENT MICRO-CLIMATE land in a heap in front of the building. Aggresive pioneer plants have begun S_01 A the debris. Hypochaeris to13colonize CMU block falls to ground radicata in particular, is slowly invading the building materials. 11

RAIN consistent rain water 12 collects in cavities

S_02 rain collects in cavities and saturates material

3.

fallen CMU block

ICE freez/thaw cycle breaks CMU block

S_03 collected water freezes and expands during cold periods and breaking the CMU

S_04 little pockets collect blown debris

SECTION 07

3. DEGRADING RUBBLE PILE

11

WIND debris + seed 12 propagation

S_05 pioneer species cultivate the warm moist condtions created by the debris accumulation + CMU thermal properties

10 09

10 state change time URBAN DETRIVORE

09

119


ENTROPIC MOMENT CASE STUDY A

Urban Corpse_a renegotiation of growth and decay

Jacqueline Martinez | march+mla thesis 2014-2015 advisors_Annette Fierro + Karen M'Closkey

ENTROPIC MOMENT A

Roof drain relocated in 1969. Original location patched and sealed. Over time, patch-job deteriorated/failed creating a weak spot in the moisture barrier.

Cementitious asbestos ceiling tiles absorb water because of their porous material composition. Biological growth such as lichens and moss can be seen in the damp zones, accelerated by the lack of sunlight due to it’s interior location. Ceiling tiles at leaking spot saturate beyond holding capacity, and eventually fall.

mildew/lichen

steel crane beam fallen tiles

Jacqueline Martinez | march+mla thesis 2014-2015 1. advisors_Annette Fierro + Karen M'Closkey

2.

Water leaking through cracks in concrete reacts with the calcium oxide ffrom the cement, forming calcium carbonate when exposed to air. Small particles of calcium are left behind as the water drips away, allowing stalactites to form over time.

cementitious asbestos tiles sprinkler pipe mildew/lichen concrete beam leak saturation white lichen

3.

04

STALACTITE FORMATION • adopted from Rev Mike at www.geocaching.com

crack water droplet

RAIN leak above beam slowly releases water through material cracks

S_01 carbon dioxide is lost into the air leaving deposite of calcite at opening

Urban Corpse_a renegotiation of growth and decay S_02 ring of calcite congregates at base as water falls

ENTROPIC MOMENT A

icicles

S_03 stalactite straw builds as water continutes to drop from the crack

04

S_04 end of straw fills with calcite forcing water to move outside of straw

1. ROOFRoof DRAIN LEAK drain relocated in 1969.

Cementitious asbestosASBESTOS ceiling tiles 2. CEMENTITIOUS

Original location patched and sealed. Over time, patch-job deteriorated/failed creating a weak spot in the moisture barrier.

cementitious asbestos tiles

absorb water because of their

mildew/lichen

Ca(OH)porous 2 + CO2 CaCOcomposition. 3 + H2O + Mg3Si2O5(OH)4 material

fallen tiles

1. 2.

mildew/lichen

calcium carbonate when exposed to air. Small particles of calcium are left behind as the water drips away, allowing stalactites to form over time.

concrete beam leak saturation white lichen

3.

Ca(OH)2 + CO2

RAIN leak above beam slowly releases water through material cracks

S_01 carbon dioxide is lost into the air leaving deposite of calcite at opening S_02 ring of calcite congregates at base as water falls

S_03 stalactite straw builds as water continutes to drop from the crack

(aq)

CaCO3 + H2O + Mg3Si2O5(OH)4

sum

(g)

Ca(OH)2 + CO2

(s)

CaCO3 + H2O(l)

hollow core

S_05 calcite continues to build on outside and bottom of straw

N 2.

mer

ing

water droplet

3. CEMENT STALACTITE

2. CEMENTITIOUS ASBESTOS

mer

spr

core

crack

icicles

1.

win

S_05 calcite continues to build on outside and bottom of straw

• adopted from Rev Mike at www.geocaching.com hollow

S_04 end of straw fills with calcite forcing water to move outside of straw

sum

1. ROOF DRAIN LEAK

(aq) reacts (g) with the calcium (s) concrete

Ca(OH) 2 + CO2 CaCO 3 + H2O(l) oxide ffrom the cement, forming

sprinkler pipe

Biological growth such as lichens and moss can be seen in the damp zones, accelerated by the lack of sunlight due to it’s interior location. Ceiling tiles at leaking spot saturate beyond holding capacity, and eventually fall.

steel crane beam

STALACTITE 3. CEMENT Water leaking through cracks in STALACTITE FORMATION

3.

ter

N

1. 2.

-s u

spr

bird habitat in CMU block

mm

3.

er win win ter d

ing

-s u

DELAWARE RIVER

mm

bird habitat in CMU block

er

win

4.

d 5.

DELAWARE RIVER

4. emergent growth at seam

female

moss + lichen

WIND amplified by proximity to the water, intense winds flow through the building RAIN consistent rain water dripping maximizes sperm dispersal

5. plywood rail track

male

4. MOSS COLONIZATION

moss + lichen

WIND amplified by proximity to the water, intense winds flow through the building

5.

CORROSION FORMATION Water dripping and bounce trajectory lands forcibily onto the steel creating ‘barnacle’ like corrsion. The unique formation of S_01 water ricochets the corrosion creates a dimple like onto steel tracks pot-mark, creating a micro-climate S_02 water begins to within and between the ‘barnacles’. corrode steel S_03 The micro-climate, wet, shady, and corrosion form enforced by drip rich with minerals released from S_04 dimple is created the corrsosion process creates a perfect habitat for moss and lichen S_05 CORROSION FORMATION Water dripping and bounce spores get to colonize within. caught in dimple trajectory lands forcibily onto the S_06 plant germinates steel creating ‘barnacle’ like and begins to grow corrsion. The unique formation of S_01 STEEL CORROSION water ricochets the corrosion creates a dimple like onto steel tracks pot-mark, micro-climate Fe + 3O2 +creating 2H2O =a2Fe 2O 3H2O S_02 water begins to (steel) + (oxygen) (water) = the hydrated ferric oxide (rust) within and +between ‘barnacles’. corrode steel S_03 The micro-climate, wet, shady, and corrosion form enforced by drip rich with minerals released from S_04 dimple is created the corrsosion process creates a perfect habitat for moss and lichen S_05 spores get to colonize within. caught in dimple

WIND wind rustles spores RAINwithin moss field leak drip ricochets from hitting track

5.

corrosion

STEEL CORROSION 5.time

S_04 growth

RAIN leak drip ricochets from hitting track

S_06 plant germinates and begins to grow

WIND wind rustles spores within moss field

day 55

rail track

male

4.

4.

plywood

day 25

4.

rain water dripping maximizes sperm dispersal

day 05

female

RAIN emergent growth at seamconsistent

day 01

MOSS LIFE CYCLE Consistent water dripping landing directly on rail track bouncing off S_01 radially, creating a zone that sperm carried in water drops recieves a constant force of water. water drip no-growth patch Moss and lichen grow on the ceiling rail track tile rubble with the conditions of ceiling tile rubble porous surface area to cling to, shade, and moisture. Lichens and moss + lichen patch S_02 moss are important pioneer spores dispersed by wind + fauna species of primary succession, beginning to break down the MOSS LIFE CYCLE Consistent water dripping landing unfertile ground condition. directly on rail track bouncing off S_03 S_01 radially, creating a zone that sperm carried germination in water drops recieves a constant force of water. water drip S_04 MOSS COLONIZATION no-growth patch growth Moss and lichen grow on the ceiling rail track tile rubble with the conditions of ceiling tile rubble porous surface area to cling to, shade, and moisture. Lichens and moss + lichen patch S_02 moss are important pioneer spores dispersed by wind + fauna species of primary succession, beginning to break down the unfertile ground condition. saturation S_03 germination time

5.

Fe + 3O2 + 2H2O = 2Fe2O3H2O

day 55

day 25

corrosion time

N

day 05

saturation time

day 01

(steel) + (oxygen) + (water) = hydrated ferric oxide (rust)

N

spring

summer

spring

120 MARCH/MLA THESIS • 2014 - 2015

summer

fall

fall

winter

winter


ENTROPIC MOMENT CASE STUDY B

Urban Corpse_a renegotiation of growth and decay

Jacqueline Martinez | march+mla thesis 2014-2015 advisors_Annette Fierro + Karen M'Closkey

ENTROPIC MOMENT B

Salt spreading from the highway system for ice I-95 traction falls below onto the building and landscape below. The salt infiltrates into the soils and waters creating a mico-climate of a Jacqueline Martinez | march+mla thesis 2014-2015 advisors_Annette Fierro + Karen M'Closkeysalt induced ecology. salt tolerant

corrogated steel roof steel rafters

1.

05

The combination of the de-icing CORROSION FORMATION salt fron I-95, rain water, and fallen debris such as rocks, all S_01 salt falls from play a role in the accelerated I-95 onto roof corrosion of the corrogated steel S_02 roof. Salt accelerating the rain water falls onto roof mixing with salt crystals corrosion process with water S_03 through the additon of ions, once salt water begins to corrode steel the material starts to weaken, the force of small rocks and oher S_04 falls debris from debris easily break through the I-95 break through corroded spots surface of the corroded steel.

2.

RAIN water collects in corroded groves

Urban Corpse_a renegotiation of growth and decay

ENTROPIC MOMENT B

05

1.

S_05 hole is created

SPRAY 1. ROADSaltSALT spreading from the U3

U1

U2

(steel) + (oxygen) + (water) = hydrated ferric oxide (rust)

fallen debris such as rocks, all play a role in the accelerated corrosion of the corrogated steel roof. Salt accelerating the corrosion process with water through the additon of ions, once the material starts to weaken, the force of small rocks and oher debris easily break through the surface of the corroded steel.

corrogated steel roof

soil flow

1

steel rafters

direct runoff flow

ground water flow

(1-U2)

C2

CORROSION FORMATION

Fe + 3O2salt + 2H 2OI-95, + NaCl= 2Fe2O 3H2O fron rain water, and

effective rainfall

C1

groundwater zone

1.

CORROSION 2. STEEL The combination of the de-icing

highway system for ice NaCl I-95 traction falls below(salt) onto the building and landscape below. The salt infiltrates x into the soils and waters x } of creating a mico-climate a salt induced ecology. salt tolerant SALT CONTAMINATION DIAGRAM surface zone soil zone

1

X2

2.

S_01 salt falls from I-95 onto roof

S_02 rain water falls onto roof mixing with salt crystals

NaCl

RAIN water collects in corroded groves

NaCl

S_03 salt water begins to corrode steel

NaCl

1.

S_04 falls debris from I-95 break through corroded spots S_05 hole is created

1. ROAD SALT SPRAY surface zone soil zone

U3

U1

effective rainfall

C1

groundwater zone

2. STEEL CORROSION

Fe + 3O2 + 2H2O + NaCl= 2Fe2O3H2O

NaCl

(steel) + (oxygen) + (water) = hydrated ferric oxide (rust)

(salt)

soil flow

U2 x1

NaCl

direct runoff flow

ground water flow

NaCl

} (1-U ) x 2

C2

1

X2

SALT CONTAMINATION DIAGRAM NaCl

20 FEET

2.

summ

er

NaCl

20 FEET

N

2.

summ

er

NaCl

3.

win

ter

N 4.

win

3.

ter NaCl

NaCl

5.

NaCl NaCl

4.

NaCl NaCl

NaCl

fox hole NaCl

NaCl

5.

NaCl NaCl

NaCl NaCl

Rainwater passing through the corroded roof openings saturate the wood flooring below. As the wood begins to deteriorate, the process is assisted by the lack of light, creating a conducive habitat for fungal and bacterial growth further decomposing the wood.

corroded steel floor joists

wood planks

WOOD ROT PROCESS

S_01 exposure to moisture

S_03 wood warps

S_04 microbes eat away at the wood

Rainwater passing through the corroded roof openings saturate the wood flooring below. As the wood begins to deteriorate, the process is assisted by the lack of light, creating a conducive habitat for fungal and bacterial growth further decomposing the wood.

WOODS_04 ROT PROCESS wood splinteres at weak zone

S_05 S_01 wood breaks downto exposure moisture to small pieces

3. WOOD DETERIORATION corroded steel floor joists

wood planks

steel truss floor joists

4.

MICROBES primary succession pioneer species (fungus, lichen, moss, etc)

S_03 wood warps

steel truss floor joists

S_04 microbes eat away at the wood

S_04 wood splinteres at weak zone

4.

MICROBES primary succession pioneer species (fungus, lichen, moss, etc)

S_01 triple fork armature creates base for the platform attachment

S_02 platform is constructed with twig ‘beams’

fox hole

WOOD broken down wood from floor planks cultivated for nests

S_03 creased and bent twigs tucked in circle with fine grasses twisted together to form the cup’s rim

Birds collect broken down wood from deteriorating floor planks and colonize the nooks created from the cross bracing within the steel truss floor joists.

S_04 moss is added to the

BIRD NEST FORMATION outer cup providing

camoflage protection S_01 S_05 triple fork armature to shape out the nest, the creates base for the bird uses their body and platform attachment feet to press down and smooth the lining

4. BIRD NESTING HABITAT

S_02 platform is constructed with twig ‘beams’

MOSS bits of moss are used to help camoflage and WOOD seal the outer layer broken down wood from floor planks cultivated for nests

S_03 creased and bent twigs tucked in circle with fine grasses twisted together to form the cup’s rim

cross bracing

S_04 moss is added to the outer cup providing camoflage protection

formation BIRD time

S_05 wood breaks down to small pieces

3. WOOD DETERIORATION

NaCl

BIRD NEST FORMATION

cross bracing

wood floor planks

RAIN consistent rain water saturates exposed wood flooring

S_02 wood expands

3. decay time

RAIN consistent rain water saturates exposed wood flooring

S_02 wood expands

3.

Birds collect broken down wood from deteriorating floor planks and colonize the nooks created from the cross bracing within the steel truss floor joists.

wood floor planks

4.

S_05 to shape out the nest, the bird uses their body and feet to press down and smooth the lining

NESTING HABITAT

MOSS bits of moss are used to help camoflage and seal the outer layer

N

formation time

decay time

N

spring

summer

spring

summer

fall

fall

winter

winter

URBAN DETRIVORE

121



Jacqueline Ann Martinez PennDesign Graduate Portfolio