V9 N3 Fall 1981 U.S. Heavy Cruiser 'Astoria'

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VOL. 9


NO. 3

U.S. HEAVY CRUISER ASTORIA (1933-1942) Exactly 39 years after the loss of the U.S.S. Astoria (CA-34) in battle, former members of her crew met at Gearhart, near Astoria, on August 7-9, 1981. Since 1972 the Astoria Reunion Association has held national meetings every 3 years to renew friendships and to honor their old ship and the men lost with her. The Astoria was a heavy cruiser of the New Orleans class, launched December 16, 1933 at the Puget Sound Naval Shipyard. Her standard displacement was 10,136 tons with a length on the waterline of 578 feet and a top speed of 32. 7 knots . She was protected by armor plate up to 5 inches thick. The principal armament consisted of nine 8-inch/55-caliber guns and eight 5-inch/25-caliber guns. She was first commissioned on April 28, 1934 and spent the next few years in routine peacetime duties. When the

Japanese Ambassador to the United States, Hiroshi Saito, died in 1939, the Astoria was assigned to transport his ashes back to Japan. Mistakenly interpreting the Astoria's mission to indicate an improvement in the strained diplomatic relations between the 2 countries, the Japanese gave the crew an elaborate and warm welcome. The Astoria was at sea on December 7, 1941 when the Japanese attacked Pearl Harbor. She was subsequently assigned as an escort for the aircraft carrier Yorktown and was present in that capacity at the Battles of the Coral Sea and Midway where she engaged enemy aircraft. Destruction of Japanese aircraft carrier superiority in the Pacific at Midway allowed Allied commanders to plan an offensive in the Solomon Islands. The invasion had to be (continued on page 4)





FROM THE QUARTERDECK At this writing, just a month has passed since the death of the Museum's Founder and Director, Rolf Klep. In those few weeks expressions of a deep sense of loss and profound admiration have come to the Museum from every part of the country. Articles and editorials about him; letters of tribute from old friends, Museum members, and total strangers; and contributions for the Museum in his honor continue to appear. In many of these notes and letters and comments there has been a common thread: one of confidence that the Columbia River Maritime Museum will achieve all that Rolf Klep dreamed it could. The Trustees and staff of the Museum share that confidence, and we pledge that Rolfs overriding precept -uncompromising pursuit of excellence shall continue to guide the affairs of this institution. Michael Naab

More than ten years of planning, fund raising, and construction will come to fruition in the Spring, when the Museum's magnificent new facility opens its doors to the public . Preparation of the exhibits is proceeding at a dizzying, but satisfying, rate under the guidance of Exhibit Designer Max Chance. The exact date for the opening-probably in Aprilwill be announced at the Annual Meeting in November. Every Museum Member, and everyone who has contributed to this momentous project over the years , will be invited to the opening celebrations. Special bulletins will be issued as opening day approaches.

• SIX-PAC RACES The Oregon Corinthian Sailing Association staged its 1981 annual Six-Pac Series of yacht races on the lower Columbia on July 18-25. Two of these races are at Astoria and another starts from there. This year community organizations for the first time made a special effort to welcome and give recognition to the racers. The Port of Astoria established the Astoria Cup. Other participants in planning included the Astoria Chamber of Commerce, the Astoria Yacht Club and, of course , the Maritime Museum . The Museum's contribution to the effort was to provide free tours of the Museum for participants and a special showing of the magnificent film American Challenge about the Observer Single-Handed TransAtlantic Race.

• COLUMBIA STEAMERS Thirteen of the Columbia River Maritime Museum's finest and most striking historical photographs are featured in "Columbia Steamers," a 1982 calendar now on sale. The finely reproduced photographs illustrate various types of steamers once used on the Columbia River: sternwheel packets and towboats , a railroad ferry, tug, steam schooner, etc. Also included are capsule histories of the vessels depicted. Museum member Patrick C . Jensen selected the photographs and produced the calendar as a private venture with the Museum's cooperation. Copies can be purchased from the Museum for $6.00 each (plus $1.00 per copy if ordering by mail). They would be excellent Christmas gifts, both useful and decorative , especially for anyone interested in watercraft, history, or photography.

* Rolf Klep (1904-1981), Founder of the Columbia River Maritime Museum.



THE AUXILIARY The Columbia River Maritime Museum Auxiliary held its annual organizational meeting and luncheon at the Museum on September 23rd. The Auxiliary is a women's group, the purpose of which is to assist the Museum. A recent special project has been raising money to equip the kitchen of the Museum's new building. Volunteer help has been provided in serving at Museum social events, preparing mailings, and promoting the Museum's volunteer docent (tour guide) program. In the future it may also provide a volunteer staff for the gift shop in the new Museum. Current officers are: Helen Webster, President; Paula Morrow, Vice President; Betty Farmer, Secretary; Margaret Mund, Treasurer; and Sus Fulton, Historian. Standing committee chairwomen are: Bea Bergey, Programs; Ottie Dreeszen, Publicity; Ebba Brown and Lynn Glynn, Membership; Jan Stewart, Calling; and Ruth Pruzynski, Kitchen. The Auxiliary generally meets at the Museum on the 4th Wednesday of each month from September through May at 11 :30 a.m. A guest speaker and a brief presentation by a Museum staff member highlighting an artifact from the collection are ordinarily featured. Meetings are open to the public and the Auxiliary welcomes new members.

MUSEUM ACHIEVEMENTS RECOGNIZED A few weeks ago Lhe Museum was most gratified to receive a framed copy of the document below:

RESOLUTION OF THE PORT OF PORTLAND COMMISSION WHEREAS the COLUMBIA RIVER MARITIME MUSEUM maintains an increasingly diversified collection of maritime artifacts which serves as a reminder of the im portant role maritime activities play in the state and have played throughout Oregon's history; and WHEREAS the educational programs developed by the museum's staff aid thousands of school children and adults by broadening their knowledge of maritime history in the state; and WHEREAS the museum's staff has shown a high degree of professionalism in executing administrative tasks; and WHEREAS the efforts of the museum's staff resulted in an increased number of patrons, members, and contributions during the past year when many other institutions were experiencing a reverse trend; and WHEREAS significant progress is being made toward meeting the museum's goal of opening a new facility in 1981; THEREFORE, BE IT RESOLVED that the Port of Portland Commission by this resolution recognizes the im portant contributions made to the state and the maritime industry by the COLUMBIA RIVER MARITIME MUSEUM; and BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED that the Port of Portland Commission endorses the activities and efforts of the museum's staff to furthering the awareness of Oregon maritime history. Adopted by the Port of Portland Commission at the regular meeting of March 11, 1981.

Guest speaker Peter Stanford.

STANFORD TO SPEAK The guest speaker for the 1981 annual membership meeting and dinner will be Mr. Peter Stanford, President of the National Maritime Historical Society, headquartered in New York City, and Editor of its journal Sea History. He is also the U.S. Chairman of the World Ship Trust. The meeting will be held at the Astoria Golf and Country Club on Friday, November 13th, beginning with no-host cocktails at 6:30, followed by a fine dinner at 7:30, then a brief business meeting to elect 6 individuals to terms as Trustees and to vote on proposed revisions of the by-laws. The evening will conclude with Mr. Stanford's remarks and promises to be most enjoyable. Reservations will be required, due to limited space. Invitations will be mailed to all members and those planning to attend are requested to promptly return the enclosed reservation cards with payment.





U .S.N. diagram of hits on U .S.S. Astoria at Battle of Savo Island.

moved forward drastically when it was learned that the enemy was building an airfield on Guadalcanal Island which would threaten sea lanes to Australia and complicate the projected campaign. This led to hurried planning and limited training with slim forces; nevertheless, Rear Admiral Richmond Kelly Turner's Task Force 62 achieved complete surprise and landed Marines on Guadalcanal and Tulagi with slight initial opposition. The Astoria was assigned to British Rear Admiral V.A.C. Crutchley's cruisers and destroyers screening the transports and providing shore bombardment. Air cover was provided by Vice Admiral Frank Jack Fletcher's aircraft carriers, but confusion on the beaches delayed unloading supplies from the transports and Fletcher withdrew his carriers to the southeast on the evening of August 8th to refuel and replace fighter losses. Meanwhile, Japanese Rear Admiral Gunichi Mikawa had decided on counterattack when he learned of the landings and left Rabaul on the 7th. His force of 5 heavy cruisers, 2 light cruisers, and a destroyer was sighted several times by planes and a U.S. submarine as it steamed toward Guadalcanal, but reports of its size and composition were neither prompt nor accurate. Turner thought the Japanese intended to establish a seaplane base, while Crutchley's captains assumed that Fletcher's carrier planes would attack any approaching enemy force. This did not occur, but they were neither informed of Fletcher's withdrawal nor warned of the possibility of attack by surface forces on the night of August 8-9, 1942. Mikawa had several advantages. He knew the location and patrol formation of the Allied ships from air reconnaissance. The Imperial Navy was most proficient in night combat, having practiced for it intensively. Furthermore, the Japanese had the world's most powerful and effective torpedoes and equipped all their cruisers with them, while none of the Allied cruisers was so armed. Crutchley's screening force actually outnumbered Mikawa's, but he unwisely divided it to simultaneously block all approaches to the landing areas. Two destroyers were to patrol west of Savo Island, which divided the sound between Guadalcanal and Florida Island. The passage southeast of Savo was covered by the Australian heavy cruisers Australia and Canberra, the U.S. heavy cruiser Chicago, and 2

destroyers. The channel northeast of Savo was guarded by 2 destroyers, the Astoria, and her sisterships Quincy and Vincennes. Well to the east between Guadalcanal and Florida Island were the light cruisers U.S. S. San Juan and the Australian Hobart with 2 more destroyers. The night of August 8-9 was very dark with low clouds and no moon or stars, patches of fog, and intermittent rain. Weather conditions and the proximity of numerous islands made both radio and radar unreliable. Crutchley was summoned to confer with Admiral Turner on the evening of the 8th and, with his flagship Australia, was still absent from his command when Mikawa attacked. Only the group southeast of Savo was aware of his absence. Not anticipating surface attack, the Allied cruisers were secured from general quarters, routinely patrolling their search patterns in Condition II, indicating an intermediate state of readiness for battle. Expecting renewed enemy air raids in the morning, nearly all of the captains had turned in for some much needed sleep. The first indication of trouble came when unidentified planes appeared and dropped flares. These were seaplanes launched from Mikawa's cruisers to lay course markers. Unfortunately, radio reports of this failed to reach Admiral Turner. Although the U.S. destroyers west of Savo had radar and the Japanese did not, the Japanese spotted the Americans visually first and slipped past to the south of Savo without being detected. Racing into Savo Sound at 30 knots, Mikawa gave the order to attack at 1 :33 a.m. A Japanese flare illuminated the area and they were already launching torpedoes at the southern group of the Allied screen when spotted by the destroyer Patterson (at 1 :43 a.m. on the 9th) at a range of about 5,000 yards to the northwest. The Canberra immediately took 2 torpedo hits and was virtually smothered by enemy shells while her crew were still running to their battle stations. Quickly set afire and left dead in the water, she had to be abandoned and was sunk by a U.S. destroyer at 8:00 that morning. The Chicago was slowed by a serious torpedo hit in the bow and a shell hit disrupted her gunnery; she soon lost contact with the enemy. Only the Patterson radioed a warning to the northern group. The Astoria did not hear it, but it was picked up by the Vincennes, where it never reached the bridge, and the Quincy, where the bridge neglected to pass the information

to the gunnery officer. Admirals Turner and Crutchley both saw gunfire from the transport area, but sent no messages or orders, while Crutchley decided to keep the Australz"a there until he learned what was happening. The Japanese, meanwhile, were racing to engage the northern Allied force. The light cruisers and destroyer accidentally separated from the main body and passed west of the Americans, while the heavy cruisers went to the east of them, placing the U.S. ships in a crossfire. Captain Riefkohl of the Vincennes was the senior officer in the Astoria's group. His ship had spotted firing to the south and went to general quarters, but unfortunately Riefkohl awaited orders from Admiral Crutchley, unaware that he was not with the southern group. Therefore, the Japanese opened fire first, at about 1:51, with guns and torpedoes, scoring hits almost immediately and quickly knocking the Vincennes out of action; she had to be abandoned and went down around 2:50 a.m. The Quincy was caught even less prepared and likewise speedily succumbed, sinking at 2:35. The Astoria, at the rear of the line, was the first ship of her group to open fire. Her gunnery officer had been alerted by Japanese aircraft flares and ordered the main guns trained out, quickly opening fire when he spotted an enemy cruiser. Meanwhile, Captain W.G. Greenman was called to the bridge and the crew ordered to battle stations. She got off 2 full salvos from her main battery before a Japanese salvo started a furious blaze among her seaplanes amidships. Subsequent enemy hits progressively silenced her guns, but not before she fired about 56 eight-inch shells and 59 rounds of five-inch, scoring hits on at least one enemy cruiser. Torn by enemy shells, the Astoria received a serious hit on the bridge and one cut her fire mains, preventing effectively fighting the dangerous conflagration amidships. Others in her engine and boiler rooms knocked out power and forced all survivors to be ordered out from below at 2:25. The Japanese swept back around Savo Island to the northwest, pounding the destroyer Ralph Talbot as they passed, and ceased fire about 2: 15. The eastern Allied force saw gun flashes from the battle, but did not know what was going on and, in the absence of any orders, took no action. In under 40 minutes Mikawa had inflicted damage which would sink 4 heavy cruisers and crippled another and a destroyer. There was now little to prevent destruction of the vital Allied transports, but Mikawa was uncertain of how badly he had hurt the enemy and feared being in range of a carrier air strike at dawn, not knowing of Fletcher's previous withdrawal. Satisfied with what had already been accomplished, he rejected the possibility of renewed attack and ordered his ships back to base at 2:23. Admiral Fletcher learned of the battle by radio, but made no attempt to turn back and catch the enemy by air attack, so the Japanese were able to retire unmolested. The Astoria was dead in the water and listing with uncontained fires threatening her 5-inch ammunition magazine. Survivors were separated by the fire amidships and communications from the bridge aft had been cut, so those forward did not know if anyone else was alive. By 4:45 a.m. the destroyer Bagley had removed all survivors from the ship's forecastle, only discovering those aft as she backed

away. The Bagley was unable to return for them until 6:00. The fires then seemed to be subsiding and the list was not increasing, so Captain Greenman ordered 300 of her crew back aboard to try to save the Astoria. Some progress was made in effecting repairs, restoring power, and extinguish ing fires and it seemed possible to beach her. But about 11 :00 a.m. there was an explosion below and it became obvious she was doomed. The order to abandon ship was given and she slipped quietly beneath the surface at 12: 15 p.m., the crew having been picked up by the destroyer Buchanan and the transport Alchiba. The Astoria suffered 238 killed or missing and 142 wounded; total Allied losses amounted to 1,024 dead and 709 wounded. The Japanese had taken only 6 hits with 35 dead and 51 wounded. Some retribution was exacted the next day, however, when the U.S. submarine S-44 torpedoed and sank the enemy cruiser Kako as she was returning to base. The heavy ship losses forced the Navy to temporarily withdraw from the area, leaving 16,000 Marines without air or naval support and with inadequate food and ammunition supplies. The whole campaign was endangered, but the Allied defeat ultimately proved indecisive because Mikawa had not destroyed the Allied transports. Had they been lost, the Marines could not have been maintained on Guadalcanal and future offensives would have been drastically delayed. But the Japanese did not move quickly enough to exploit Mikawa's success and the Allies gradually gained the upper hand in a series of savage and closely contested battles around the Solomons, inflicting irreplaceable losses on the Japanese Navy. Causes of the tragic Savo disaster were many and cannot be blamed on any one individual. Many mistakes were made, reflecting general combat inexperience in lack of aggressiveness and dangerous complacency. Especially damaging was the failure at all levels to promptly and fully communicate critical information. All this was compounded by Crutchley's happenstance absence from his command. This was, however, one of the first American surface battles with the Japanese and some consolation may be found in the fact that the shock of the experience led to speedy correction of lax procedures. As an epilogue to the story, while still under construction the light cruiser Wilkes Barre (CL-90) was renamed the Astoria on October 16, 1942, and saw active service against Japan from December 1944 to the end of the war.

Astoria at Sydney, Australia, 1934.

NEW MEMBERSHIPS, INCREASED SUPPORT(*) JUNE 4 - SEPTEMBER 30 PILOT Mr. Maurie D. Clark, Portland* Mr. Harry Claterbos, Jr. * Mr. Ted Halton, Jr., Portland * Captain Mike Leback SUSTAINING Bioproducts, Inc., Hammond* Mr. Thomas J. Greif, Portland Mr. & Mrs. Kenneth C. Hadley, Salem* Mrs. Severin Harkson, Portland Mr. Gary D. Larsen, Portland* Mr. W. Calder McCall, Portland* Mr. & Mrs.John P. Syvanen * Mr. & Mrs. Stephen Webster, Lincoln City SUPPORTING Chevron Shipping Co., San Francisco William H. Hunt, Portland Oregon Linen Rental * Dr. & Mrs. Timothy A. Patrick* Ross & Raw, Inc. * RADM. Frank Virden, Ret., Gainesville, FL

CONTRIBUTING Dr. H. V. Adix, Jr., Lake Oswego Mrs. Lester E. Andersen, Portland Mr. William L. Brewster, Portland Capt. & Mrs. James T. Clune, Warrenton* Allen R. Davis * Mr. & Mrs. Robert P.Jenkins, Palo Alto, CA* Captain & Mrs. James Lessard Mr. & Mrs. F. Faber Lewis, Portland Mr. Bill Lind Col. & Mrs. Jack A. Osborne, Rockaway Mr. & Mrs. E.W. Pardy, Seattle* Mr. William Polits, Portland Mr. & Mrs. Arnold W. Seeborg, Warrenton Mr. Ralph A. Woodford, Clackamas * ANNUAL Mr. & Mrs. Paul F. Barnum Mr. & Mrs. Barry Barrett, Petaluma, CA Mr. & Mrs. Alfred P. Cole, Encino, CA

Mr. & Mrs. Robert William Davis, Beaverton Mr. & Mrs. Toby Dyal, Portland Mrs. Jeane K. Eckert, Los Altos, CA Mr. & Mrs . Robert S. Everett, Kettle Falls, WA Mr. ThomasJ. Fordham, Pacific Grove, CA Mr.John Gilmore, Milton-Freewater Mr. & Mrs.John Kline, Lynwood, WA Mr. Donald Landwehr Capt.John A. Mackenzie, Honolulu, HI Mr. & Mrs. Wayne Meisner, Yorktown, VA Mrs. Clara Miles, Vancouver, WA Mr. Robert F. Miles Mrs. Walter Norblad, Stayton Mr. Haydon Sivers Mr. Keith Walters, Springer, NM Mr. Robert Wayne, Cannon Beach Miss Diane White, Tigard Mr. & Mrs. Franz Ridgeway, Portland STUDENT Ms. Susan Hartzband, Athens, OH

• MEMORIAL CONTRIBUTIONS, JUNE 4 - SEPTEMBER 30 MARTIN ADEN Dr. David I. Williams WAYNE AHO Mrs. Aili Kary Mr. & Mrs. A.J. L'Amie ROBERT ANET Mrs. Elmer Blomquist Mr. & Mrs. Arnold Curtis Mr. & Mrs. Dick Thompson HELMA BARENDSE Mr. & Mrs. Alan Takalo MARY BAY Mr. & Mrs.Joseph Boyington Mr. & Mrs. Ed Niemi

Mr. & Mrs. Arnold Curtis Mr. Frances Hoare Mr. & Mrs. Art Johanson Mr. & Mrs. Ralph Morrow Mr. & Mrs. R.A. Mund Mrs. Matilda Nordstrom SIDNEY CARLSON Mr. & Mrs. Ford Knutsen DORA CLAY Mrs. Shirley Cole HERSCHEL CRUZAN Mr. & Mrs. Ronald L. Larsen Dr. David I. Williams

ELMER HAUKE Mrs. Elmer Blomquist Mr. & Mrs. Roy Duoos Mr. & Mrs. Trygve Duoos Mr. Kasten Fellman Mr. & Mrs . Donald M . Haskell Mr. & Mrs. Frank E. Ross Mrs. Jordis Tetli OLGA M. HAUSER Mr. & Mrs. A.J. L'Amie HENRY T. HAZEN Mr. & Mrs. Walter Gadsby, Jr. CHRIS K. HENRY Dr. David I. Williams

JOHN DAWSON Mr. & Mrs. L.F. VanDusen

WALTER G. HOUGLAND, JR. Mr. & Mrs. Charles O'Neal

ELIZABETH B. FOSTER Mr. & Mrs. Harold Dahlgren

INEZ HUNT Mr. & Mrs. Marvin Belcher Mrs. Alice Ranta

LUCY BURGET Mr. & Mrs. L.F. VanDusen

JERRY D. HAGLUND Mrs. Gladys Duncan Mr. & Mrs. Carl Labiske

JOYCE JAMIESON Mr. & Mrs. Ed Lundholm

DIANE BYRD Mr. & Mrs. Arnold Curtis

HARVEY W. HALONEN Mr. Joseph Boyington

ANNA KIVISTO Mrs. Aune Anderson Mr. & Mrs. Trygve Duoos Mr. & Mrs. Wayne Tolonen

AGDA CARLSON Mr. Lawrence Carlson Mr. Gerald Crowell

ELMORE C. HANSEN Mr. & Mrs. R.A. Mund Mr. & Mrs. Steve Mund

LEE BONNELL Mr. Harold W. Dahlgren HUSTON H. BUNCE Mr. & Mrs. Willard Caspell

DORIS KLEP Mr. & Mrs. Charles P. Mersereau

ROLF KLEP Mr. & Mrs. George Abrahamsen Mr. Hugh Ackroyd Mr. & Mrs. George]. Altstadt Mrs. Hilda Andersen Mr. & Mrs. Paul Autio Autzen Foundation & Family Mrs . Berenice Baker Mrs. Helen C. Baker Mr. & Mrs. Graham Barbey Mr. & Mrs. Fred Barnum Miss Debra Barrick Dr. Bernard Berenson Mr. & Mrs. Oscar K. Berg Mr. Deskin O. Bergey Mrs. Elmer Blomquist Mr. & Mrs. Ernest Brown Mr. & Mrs. Angelo Buccalari Mr. & Mrs. Ted Bugas Mr. & Mrs. Robert Burkholder Mr. & Mrs. Eben Carruthers Mrs. Maurine Carruthers Mr. & Mrs. John L. Cathers Mrs. Gertrude Howe Chase Mr. & Mrs. Robert Cox Mr. Ottar Dahl Mr. & Mrs. Harold W. Dahlgren Mr. David L. Davies Mr. & Mrs. John Dierdorff Mr. & Mrs. Roy Duoos Mr. & Mrs. Trygve Duoos Mr. & Mrs. S.F. Durkheimer Mrs. Joseph M. Dyer Mr. Kasten Fellman Mrs. Florence Flavel Mr. Harry Flavel Miss Mary Louise Flavel Mr. & Mrs. J. W. Forrester, Jr. Mr. & Mrs. L. Samuel Fort Mr. & Mrs . C . Edwin Francis Mr. & Mrs. George Fulton Mr. & Mrs . Walter Gadsby, Jr. Mrs. Charlotte H . Gerow Capt. & Mrs. Frank Gillard Mrs. Jessie Greig Mr. & Mrs. Rodney J. Grider Mr. & Mrs. Charles Gustafson Mr. Herb Hansen Mr. & Mrs. Edward Harvey Mrs. Virginia Haseltine Mr. & Mrs. Donald]. Haskell Mr. & Mrs. S.V. Hatchitt Mr. & Mrs. Eric A. Hauke Mr . & Mrs. Edmund Hayes Mrs. Olga Henningsen Mrs . Edith Henningsgaard Mrs. A. Alan Honeyman Mr. & Mrs. Ronald C. Honeyman Mr. & Mrs. Ronald]. Honeyman Mrs . Herb Howell Mr. & Mrs. Patrick Jensen Mrs. FranzJohnson Mr. & Mrs. Ragnor Johnson Mr. Lowell E. Kern Mr. 0. A. Kiminki Mr. & Mrs. Ruben Kuratli Mr. & Mrs. A.J. L'Amie Mr. & Mrs. Clyde Lee Mr. & Mrs. Fred Lindstrom Mr. & Mrs. Carl F. List Mr. & Mrs. Eugene Lowe

Col. John M. MacGregor Mr. & Mrs. John A. Mackenzie Capt. & Mrs. Chester MacNeill Mr. & Mrs. Herbert Malarkey Capt. & Mrs. Kenneth McAlpin Mr. & Mrs. W.F. McGregor Mr. & Mrs. Ralph Morrow Mr. & Mrs . R.A. Mund Mr. & Mrs. Robert Myers Mr. & Mrs. Michael Naab Mr. & Mrs. Ed Niska Mrs. Walter Norblad Mr. & Mrs. Charles O'Neal Oregon Historical Society Mr. & Mrs. Erling Orwick Mr. & Mrs. Claude F. Palmer Miss Solveig Pedersen Mr. Emil J. Perkins Mr. & Mrs. Floyd L. Pittard Mr. & Mrs. E. Charles Prussman Mr. & Mrs. I. Pruzynski Capt. James Purcell Mr. & Mrs. George Reynolds Dr. Harvey Rones Mr. & Mrs. Frank E. Ross Mr. & Mrs. Tom Sandoz Mr. & Mrs. James Scarborough Shaver Transportation Company Mr. & Mrs. Charles E. Simpson Mr. & Mrs. Glenn Smith Mr. & Mrs. George Stadelman Mr. & Mrs. Frank]. Starzel Mr. & Mrs. Charles B. Stoner Miss Adaline Svenson Miss Leila Svenson Miss Medora Svenson Mr. & Mrs . John P. Syvanen Mrs . Ruth M. Taylor Mrs. Jordis Tetli Mr. & Mrs . Frank Thorsness Mr. & Mrs. Carl H. Tolonen Mr. & Mrs. Henry W . Tomberg Mr. & Mrs. L.F. Van Dusen Mr. & Mrs. Thomas Vaughan Mrs. Petra M. Vincent Mrs. Frances W. Warren Mr. & Mrs. J. Dan Webster Miss Ethel M. Wicks Employees of Yergen & Meyer Mrs. Jane Youell -Westland Foundation Mr. & Mrs. J. Kenneth Youell Mr. & Mrs. A.V. Young Mrs . O.K. Zatterlow GEORGE 0. LAINE Mr. & Mrs. Trygve Duoos Mr. Rudy Ranta JAMES LEE Mr. & Mrs. A.J. l'Amie WILLIAM LOUKAS Mr. & Mrs. Trygve Duoos Mr. & Mrs. A.J. L'Amie ROY GENE LOVEJOY Mr . Jerry Henry

VICTORIA LUNDHOLM Mr. Leonard Haga Mrs. Gertrude Miller Mrs. Theresa Wilson GLEN R . MATSON Mr. & Mrs. Arnold Curtis Mr. & Mrs. Trygve Duoos Mr. Buddy Hoell Mrs. Elvi Morgan Mr. & Mrs. John Palo Mr. & Mrs. Jeffrey Salo Mr. & Mrs. Myron Salo Mr. Terry Salo Mr. & Mrs. Wayne Salo Mr. & Mrs. Larry Teien ANNA MAUNULA Mr. & Mrs. Charles Gustafson Mr. & Mrs. James Hope HAROLD A. MILLER Ms. VelmaJeremiah CARL MONSEN Mrs. Nora Bue Mrs. Sharon Bue Mr. & Mrs. Max Chance Mr. & Mrs. A.J. L'Amie Mr. & Mrs. "Kelly" Larson Mrs. Blanche Mjelde Mr. & Mrs. David Palmberg Mr. & Mrs . Robert Paschall ADELE T. McINTYRE Mr. & Mrs. Trygve Duoos ANDREW NEILSON Mr. & Mrs.John P. Rieck Mr. & Mrs. James Shaw HARRIETTE F. NEVIUS Mr. & Mrs. Walter E. Naylor RICH NIEMI Mr. Mike Aini Mr. & Mrs.J.C. Benson Mr. & Mrs. Otto W . Browning Mrs . T. Violet Crussell Mr. & Mrs. Arnold Curtis Mr. & Mrs. Peter Davis Mr. & Mrs. Trygve Duoos Mr. & Mrs. Robert Engblom Englund Marine Supply Co. Employees Mr. & Mrs. Phil Ensminger Ms. Kara Erickson Mr. & Mrs. Stanford Grimberg Mr. & Mrs. Dave Hanley Mr. & Mrs. Ahti E. Hayrynen Mr. & Mrs. Carl Hill Mr. & Mrs. John E. Hill Mr. & Mrs. Harold Hunt Mr. & Mrs. Ed Lahti Mr. John Lam pa Mrs. Taimi Lampa Mr. Ernie Larson Ms. Linda Linnane Mr. & Mrs. Ralph Mattila Mrs. Clara Miles Northwest Fishermen's Wives Assoc. Mr. Greg Perkins & Family

MEMORIAL CONTRIBUTIONS, CONTINUED Mr. Ryan Phillips Mr. & Mrs. Gilbert Pitkanen Mr. & Mrs. William Raasina Mr. Dan Roberts Mr. & Mrs. Jerry Roberts Mrs. Sylvia Roberts Miss Rose Rosandich Mr. & Mrs. Arvi Severson Mrs. Toivo Sjoblom Mr. & Mrs. Larry Teien Mr. & Mrs. Joseph Thompson Miss Margaret Tolonen Miss Rose Tolonen Miss Lydia Westersund Mr. & Mrs. Swen Westersund




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$100 per year Student* (Categories marked with • apply to individuals only)

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NAME ADDRESS _ __ _ __ _ _ __ _ __ __ _ _ _ _ _ __ __ CITY _ _ __ _ _ _ _ __

STATE._ _ _ _ _ __ ZIP_ _ __ _

RUSSELL NIEMI Mr. & Mrs. Arthur Johanson FREDERICK P. NUS BICKEL Mrs. Morgan Coe DUANE PEABODY Mr. John A. 0 'Phelan DEBBIE PEITSCH Mr. & Mrs. Robert Palmrose ESTHER K. PORKO Mrs. Loretta H. Bonnell Mr. & Mrs. Richard Cameron Mr. & Mrs. David Drake Mr. & Mrs. Trygve Duoos Mr. Leonard Haga Mrs. Viana Hansen Mr. & Mrs. Lee Howton Mrs. George Huhtala Mrs. Lennia Ivanoff Mr. & Mrs. Toivo Kuivala Mr. & Mrs. John Lager Mr. & Mrs. Arvi Lopakka Mr. & Mrs. Carl Paronen Mrs. Sylvia Roberts Mr. Terry Salo

Mr. & Mrs. Wayne Salo Mrs. Hannah Seeborg Mr. & Mrs. Larry Teien Mr. & Mrs. Tom Utti Mr. & Mrs. J almar Wilson Mrs. Theresa Wilson BRUNO J. RISTO Mr. & Mrs. Trygve Duoos Mr. & Mrs. Carl H. Tolonen Mr. & Mrs. CarlJ. Tolonen Miss Margaret Tolonen Miss Rose Tolonen JOEL SARKIE Mr. & Mrs. Jon Westerholm HARRY SCOTT Mr. & Mrs. L.F. VanDusen

JACOB BERT SEPPALA Mr. & Mrs. Arnold B. Curtis BRINTON V. SHANNON Mr. & Mrs. George Fulton Mr. & Mrs. Denny Thompson



LUELLA SHA VER Mr. & Mrs. Walter Gadsby.Jr. JOSEPHINE SWANSON Mr. & Mrs. Carl H. Tolonen Dr. David I. Williams Mrs. M.T. Winch PETER V. T ADEi Mrs. Clara Miles DAVID TURPLE Mrs. Marjorie R. Norris PHILIP WEINSTEIN Mr. & Mrs. Arnold Curtis HELMI WILKINSON Mrs. Clara Miles ADELLE WOOD Mr. & Mrs. L.F. VanDusen DOROTHY WOOTTON Mrs.Joseph M. Dyer

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Astoria, Oregon Permit No. 209

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