PDPW Dairy's Bottom Line -- August 2019

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Sharing ideas, solutions, resources and experiences that help dairy producers succeed.

Showerheads effectively cool cows


airy cows in almost every region of the world deal with heat stress at some point. At Rosy-Lane Holsteins near Watertown, Wisconsin, the farm has made improvements throughout the years to help the cows beat the heat. Ten years after building a naturally venJENNIFER tilated freestall barn with fans VAN OS over the stalls, the dairy built a mechanically cross-ventilated barn. Baffles push fast-moving air down to cow level. Ensuring fast airspeeds reach where cows are lying down is important to promote adequate rest. Farm partners Jordan Matthews and Lloyd Holterman said the cross-ventilated barn provided a more-comfortable environment for the cows. They put their earlier-lactation best-producing cows there. Those cows are more vulnerable to heat stress because they generate so much body heat while producing milk. My animal-welfare research group includes Rekia Salter and Kim Reuscher, graduate students in dairy science at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. They wanted to help the farm owners discover whether the strategy was working as intended. We teamed with Mario Mondaca, an engineer with Nigel Cook’s team at The Dairyland Initiative, to assess the barns and cow responses. The cross-ventilated barn is working well overall. At the same level of temperature-humidity index, cows in that barn tended to have lesser respiration rates than those in the naturally ventilated barn where airspeeds in the stalls were more inconsistent. Nonetheless on the warmest days respiration rates were elevated for cows in both barns. There’s no precise heat-stress

averaged 161,000 throughout a study this past August. The benefits of the showers for rapidly cooling cows was readily apparent. Immediately after showers the respiration rate was reduced on average by 10 breaths per minute. The difference in respiration rates when cows were showered versus not showered was especially noticeable on the hottest days when the cows needed the most help staying cool. A potential concern about soaking cows only at milking times is that body temperature may not stay suppressed for the entire time between milkings. But in looking at the data, cow core-body temperature was already in the normal range – from 100.4 to 102.7 degrees Fahrenheit – 99 percent of the time before milking. That told us the ventilation systems in the barns and holding pen played an imCONTRIBUTED PHOTOS portant role in helping the cows In warm weather, cows receive brief high-volume showers while they are milked in the parlor at Rosy-Lane Holsteins. dissipate heat. The showers in the parlor were an added benefit to help the cows not need to while they are being milked. The showers use about 3 gallons work as hard in coping with heat stress. per minute. They are turned After relaying those findings on only after the milking claw to the partners at Rosy-Lane, is attached on the final cow in that side of the double-12 parlor. we presented our results at the Regular, left, and infrared photos That ensures water isn’t already American Dairy Science Assoshow a cow’s udder after she spraying when cows enter, which ciation meeting in Cincinnati, was soaked with a shower during could cause them to balk. It also Ohio. Recently the U.S. Departmilking. Her legs became wet, as ment of Agriculture awarded our ensures the spray doesn’t enter shown by the purple, cooler regions, the teat cups while they are beresearch team a grant to gather An infrared photograph of a cow but her udder remained dry. data on ventilation performance ing attached. following soaking from a shower across more farms and create a A common question about shows green and blue regions, training program. The goal is for soaking cows in the parlor is negative eff ects include elevated which indicate cooler temperatures. others in the industry to learn whether that increases the risk The yellow and red regions indicate core-body temperature as well to use our method for providing of mastitis if the teat ends beas depressed feed intake and warmer areas. customized feedback to improve come wet. Before and after the milk yield. But soaking cows at ventilation and cooling perforcows were showered, we examthe feed bunk or in the holding threshold for respiration rate. mance. Contact jvanos@wisc. ined the backs of their udders pen inevitably leads to water But at 60 breaths per minute for wetness. We took digital and edu if interested in the project. it’s clear that additional cooling waste, because individual-cow presence under the nozzles var- infrared photographs. After the would help cows cope better. Jennifer Van Os is an assistant showers the udders remained ies. At Rosy-Lane an additional professor and University of Wiscondry in four out of every five inThe Rosy-Lane partners cooling strategy is implemented sin-Division of Extension specialist stances. When we did observe at milking time. It’s well-known worked with their plumber to in animal welfare in the departthat high-volume low-pressure run recycled water from the plate wetness, we classified the drip patterns. We rarely saw streams ment of dairy science at UW-Madcooler to the parlor, where insoaking of cows can be effecison. Email jvanos@wisc.edu to dividual showerheads over each of water reach the milking cups tive for alleviating the negative or the teats. Somatic-cell count reach her. milking stall soak cows briefly effects of heat stress. Those

Diversify Dairy Manager Institute debuts rotations, increase manure spreading


raditional manure-spreading periods in spring and fall can present challenges when adverse weather strikes. Most of Wisconsin received excessive precipitation this spring and in fall 2018. As a result most farmers struggled to spread manure on cropland for this growing season. For those relying ERIC on custom COOLEY manure haulers, weather challenges present scheduling difficulties. Everyone wants manure spread when conditions are optimal. Incorporating winter wheat into dairy-crop rotations can provide manure-spreading opportunities in the summer. That’s when soil conditions are ideal and custom-hauler schedules are more open. In typical corn-soybean-alfalfa rotations, manure applications are often limited in the fall because of wet conditions. Alfalfa does provide in-season spreading opportunities after cuttings. But there can be issues with crop damage, manure-borne pathogens, palatability and soil-phosphorus accumulation. Incorporating

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Please see COOLEY, Page E2

For dairy managers whose responsibilities are shifting from cow management to human management, the Professional Dairy Producers of Wisconsin developed PDPW Dairy Managers Institute™. The program is designed to equip attendees with a broad range of tools to manage, engage and develop high-performing

teams. It will be held Aug. 13-14 in Madison, Wisconsin. A follow-up session Dec. 10 will assess progress made and revisit assignments given throughout the program. Participants will learn techniques to deal with change, delegate responsibilities and communicate more effectively. They will

discover their strengths and weaknesses as leaders. They’ll also learn strategies to increase productivity, decrease employee turnover, enhance cooperation, discover the talents of team members and develop skills to work cohesively with team members. The program is built around practical appli-

cation, real-life experiences and group interaction. Class size is limited; pre-registration is required

to attend. Visit www.pdpw. org or contact mail@pdpw. org or 800-947-7379 for more information.

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Sharing ideas, solutions, resources and experiences that help dairy producers succeed.

PDPW: Who we are

Professional Dairy Producers of Wisconsin (PDPW) is Dairy's Professional Development Organization®. With a vision to lead the success of the dairy industry through education, our mission is to share ideas, solutions, resources and experiences that help dairy producers succeed.

PDPW Board of Directors President Jay Heeg Colby, Wis. 715-507-0030 jcheeg@yahoo.com Vice President Katy Schultz Fox Lake, Wis. 920-210-9661 katylschultz@gmail.com Secretary Dan Scheider Freeport, Ill. 815-812-4012 dnscheider@gmail.com Treasurer Janet Clark Rosendale, Wis. 608-341-6709 vafarmsllc@hotmail.com Directors Andy Buttles Lancaster, Wis. 608-723-4712 stonefront@tds.net Ken Feltz Stevens Point, Wis. 715-570-6390 feltzfarms@hotmail.com John Haag Dane, Wis. 608-576-0812 jahaag5@gmail.com Corey Hodorff Eden, Wis. 920-602-6449 corey@secondlookholsteins.com Steven Orth Cleveland, Wis. 920-905-2575 orthlanddairy@gmail.com

PDPW Advisers

Jim Barmore GPS Dairy Consulting Verona, Wis. jmbarmore@gpsdairy.com Paul Fricke UW-Madison Dairy Science Madison, Wis. pmfricke@wisc.edu Kurt Petik Rabo AgriFinance Fond du Lac, Wis. kurt.petik@raboag.com Andrew Skwor MSA Professional Services Baraboo, Wis. askwor@msa-ps.com

www.pdpw.org mail@pdpw.org 800-947-7379

Cooley From E1

winter wheat on some acreage in the rotation will provide nutrient uptake and soil protection through the fall and winter after planting. It will also provide a marketable crop for both grain and straw. Straw is a great bedding material. Even if producers don’t have a use for it on their farms, there’s a strong market for it. Winter wheat is harvested in late July to early

Take steps to prevent calf pneumonia D airy producers know calf pneumonia is a costly disease. After diarrhea it’s the second-leading cause of death loss in calves. The costs associated with treating pneumonia and respiratory disease in calves has a bigger economic impact on dairies than previously thought. Research has shown that heifers that developed respiratory disease as calves GEOF are less productive SMITH when they enter the milking herd compared to calves that didn’t have pneumonia. A handful of significant studies have been published on that topic in the past five years. A study from Wisconsin followed almost 1,400 calves into their first lactations. Calves were divided into two groups.  those that had been treated for pneumonia within the first 60 days of life  those that had not been treated Calves treated for bovine respiratory disease had decreased growth rates, greater age at first calving and increased incidence of dystocia. Furthermore 84 percent of the calves without bovine respiratory disease eventually entered the milking herd, while only 66 percent of the calves that had pneumonia entered lactation. A second study followed more than 14,000 calves during a sixyear period on a Utah dairy. As in the Wisconsin study, calves were divided into groups depending on whether or not they had been treated for pneumonia. Results of that research showed 83 percent of healthy calves entered the milking herd compared to only 65 percent of calves that previously had bovine respiratory disease. In addition the latter group had significantly less 305-day milk production

August when soils are usually dry and weather conditions are favorable for manure spreading. It’s important to note that manure applications on harvested winter-wheat fields should coincide with planting a second forage crop or a cover crop. University of Wisconsin-Discovery Farms monitored elevated nitrate losses through tile at a site that received manure on wheat ground without a cover crop. A cover crop will retain nutrients from the applied manure. It will pro-

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Calves that are overcrowded in group-housing conditions often have poor air quality and may have increased treatment rates for pneumonia. Decreasing group sizes will often help improve ventilation and decrease the risk of respiratory disease.

It’s important to work with a veterinarian to ensure any antibiotics used will be effective against the bacteria causing pneumonia on a specific dairy. Just because one drug might have worked in the past – or currently works for a neighbor – doesn’t mean it’s the correct one to use.

lostrum in sufficient amounts and frequencies to ensure calves receive adequate levels of antibodies.  Feed calves at a suitable plane of nutrition, especially during winter months.  Provide sufficient ventilation and appropriate air quality. Several studies have linked bovine respiratory disease in calves to poorly ventilated housing. Whether calves are housed in hutches or barns, or individually or in groups, air quality is critical to avoiding respiratory disease. In hutches or individual pens calves need enough space – 30 square feet per calf. Hutches need to be separated so they compared to calves that didn’t don’t touch each other. have calf-hood pneumonia. Individual pens should have Though many treated calves eventually return to health, their solid sides to prevent nose-tonose contact between calves. But future productivity is severely compromised. While some dair- they should be open in the front and back to allow air movement. ies treat 30 percent or more of In group housing no more their calves for pneumonia, calf than 15 to 20 calves should be in managers should set a goal to treat no more than 10 percent of each pen regardless of how much space they have. Larger groups their total calf crop. have been shown to have a signifPreventing respiratory disicant increase in risk for disease. eases is vital to any calf-care Barns can become cold in the program. The most important winter; closing the curtains isn’t steps to pneumonia prevention necessarily the answer because are worth reviewing. that leads to poor ventilation.  Feed excellent-quality co-

vide soil protection while enhancing physical, chemical and biological properties of the soils, until it’s terminated. Liquid in the applied manure will help the cover crop germinate, especially when soils are dry. Wheat may also provide the opportunity to double-crop by planting a crop that can be taken as a fall forage. Drilling a mix of peas and oats, or barley, with the manure application can provide additional fall forage. The fast-growing oats and peas can be harvested in October. Those living plants will use nutrients from the manure application. Caution should be taken when applying liquid manure on excessively dry soils. Manure can pose a risk when cracks develop in dry soil. Some soils develop shrink cracks as they dry, such as those with a greater clay content. Those cracks have been observed to extend more than 17 feet down through the soil. That’s of

Dr. Geof Smith, veterinarian, is a professor of ruminant medicine in the College of Veterinary Medicine at North Carolina State University. Email geoffrey_smith@ncsu.edu to reach him.

particular concern on tiledrained fields or shallow soils over fractured bedrock. Those soil cracks become direct conduits for manure to tile lines or fractures. If large soil cracks are present, wait until after a light rain – or apply a light application of manure to swell the soil shut before applying a full manure rate to the field. Manure applications after winter-wheat harvest provide opportunities to remove manure from pits before fall. The dry weather commonly associated with the season reduces the risk of nutrient runoff. Paying careful attention to soil conditions and weather forecast prior to application as well as using cover or double-forage crops will further improve nutrient retention. Eric Cooley is a co-director of the University of Wisconsin-Discovery Farms. Contact etcooley@wisc.edu or 608235-5259 for information.


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Studies have shown calves can tolerate winter’s cold temperatures if they are deeply bedded in fresh straw. Despite the best preventative efforts, bovine respiratory disease in calves is bound to occur from time to time. Recognizing clinical signs of disease in the early stages makes a critical difference. Early treatment leads to increased prevention of lung scarring. It also lessens negative impact on milk production when those animals enter the lactating herd. It’s important to work with a veterinarian to ensure any antibiotics used will be effective against the bacteria causing pneumonia on a specific dairy. Just because one drug might have worked in the past – or currently works for a neighbor – doesn’t mean it’s the correct one to use. Diagnostic tests will help identify the cause of pneumonia and the best treatment options. Several scoring systems have been developed by the University of Wisconsin as well as the University of California-Davis so workers can screen calves for signs of bovine respiratory disease two to three times per week. Visit www.vetmed.wisc.edu/ dms/fapm/fapmtools/8calf/ calf_respiratory_scoring_chart. pdf for a scoring chart with pictures and descriptions. Preventing pneumonia will go a long way toward having healthy productive cows once they enter the milking herd. Calves are more than just an expense on the dairy. They are a critical investment in the future productivity of every farm. Spending a little more money on nutrition and facilities for preweaned calves can deliver big dividends down the line.

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A tile-drainage system monitored by the University of Wisconsin-Discovery Farms in northeastern Wisconsin has an elevated median nitrate loss of 24.05 milligrams per liter compared to 8.4 milligrams per liter, which is the median of all other monitored tile in northeastern Wisconsin. The site harvested wheat and applied manure without planting a cover crop.


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The Consider risk-management tools Legal Yield S o far 2019 has been a year of surprises. Excessive snow in the winter months and record spring rains have finally given way to summer. For the first four months of the year weather concerns combined TIM BAUMGARTNER with depressed prices indicated things weren’t going to go well for the dairy industry. Fortunately as the calendar pages flipped to May and then to June, milk prices began to respond in a positive direction. A continued shrinking of the milk herd seemed to generate a continued slowdown in milk output, supported by some modest gains in productivity yearover-year. As global milk supply tightens, better milk prices are a possibility. If the Class III board prices posted July 12 hold until the end of the year, the price would be at levels not reached in more than 18 months. But also difficult planting and growing seasons could lead to increased feed costs and negatively impact profit-

ability in the second half of the year. While favorable prices instill hope, producers should take advantage of management practices to secure increased revenue. Every dairy business needs to be able to calculate what it costs to produce a hundredweight of milk. That can be done on a “Cash Flow Break Even” basis, which would take into account several factors.  purchased feed costs  labor costs  other cash operating expenses, including agronomy  principal and interest payments  cash capital purchases for the year An accurate calculation for cost of production is feed cost + labor cost + net herd-replacement costs + capital costs + overhead production costs—other income, on a per-hundredweight basis Dairy producers should work with a lender or business consultant to calculate those numbers. It’s impossible to predict with certainty global supply and demand, milk-production risks, feed-production risks, geopolitical concerns and other factors. That makes market predictions

difficult. For those with sound risk-management strategies, trying to outguess the market isn’t the objective. The goal is to increase margin spread. Take advantage of profitable marketing windows. For an increasing number of dairy producers, that’s about $15 to $16 Class III-priced milk. To do that producers need to know their cost drivers. They need to make decisions that focus on decreasing operational costs while efficiently increasing milk production. It’s important to recognize profitability isn’t guaranteed by operational size; it’s determined by efficiency. While economies of scale do exist, risk-management tools are available to dairies of all sizes. Dairy Margin Coverage provides a substantial amount of protection for smaller operations – those with as many as 250 cows – depending on productivity of the herd. The coverage plan allows producers to lock in a profitable return with the enhanced income-over-feed cost protection of $9.50 per hundredweight. For larger operations Dairy Revenue Protection, the forward cash market and Chicago Mercantile Exchange futures are recommended

risk-mitigating tools for securing a profitable margin. It’s difficult to say which way the market will go through the end of 2019 and into 2020. For those with a sound foundation on cost of production and for whom it provides profit opportunity at the prevailing prices, consider ways to proactively protect that margin. As one example – and without encouraging one risk-management platform more than another – look at the final half of 2019 and the first quarter of 2020. It would be possible utilizing Dairy Revenue Protection to secure floor on milk of about $16.60 for quarter-four 2019 and almost $16 per hundredweight in quarter-one 2020. In any 12-month calendar year during the past 20 years, 65 percent of the time the Class III average pay price for the year didn’t exceed $16 per hundredweight. It’s not a guarantee but statistically it merits consideration, along with other risk-management tools available in the current industry. Tim Baumgartner is a dairylending-team leader at Compeer Financial, a mission sponsor of PDPW.


Perceive carefully and be considerate


ur amazing daughter Laura recently had a difficult day on our farm. She’s our calf manager, herd manager, animal caretaker and a lover of all aniHANK mals. She’s WAGNER definitely a great person to have in charge of caring for our animals. On that particular day several sick animals needed extra attention from her. She was noticeably discouraged and just not her usual happy self. It took extra time for her to do her tasks that day. But I believe her frustration stemmed from feeling bad for the animals – she cares deeply – and not the extra work involved in caring for them. To make matters worse she had also recently lost one of her horses as well as a couple of cats, which are almost like children to her. I knew some of what she was feeling. But I wasn’t sure if that was all that was bothering her. So I asked her what was wrong. She proceeded to tell me her frustrations and sorrow. I wanted to understand what was bothering her. But I also wanted to help her return to her usual happy self. I tried to help her see that the day wasn’t as bad as she perceived it to be. In the midst of our con-

versation she said, “You just don’t understand what I’m going through.” Part of me wanted to agree with her perception that she was having a bad day. Instead I found myself asking her the same question I ask myself when I perceive I’m having a bad day. So I asked her, “Is this really a bad day? And if so, what are you comparing your bad day to?” She was noticeably irritated by Dad’s line of questioning and caught a little off-guard. She didn’t quite know how to respond. I continued asking questions to help her see beyond her current thinking. Later that day our plans were to spend time playing in a golf tournament as a family. I suggested she think about how fortunate we are to spend time with each other daily on our farm. We also regularly play together and make countless memories. I proposed to her that rather than participating in the golf outing we could instead stop at a hospital on our way to spend time near the intensive-care unit. I was sure we’d find scared and hurting people there. I also reminded her that later that night her mom and I would be attending a wake, followed by a funeral the next day. And in moments of frustration a few of my experiences with people in poverty-stricken Togo, Africa, can be re-


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flected on. The point is that no matter how bad we perceive things are for us, somebody always is much worse. We need to shift our thinking and our focus off why we think our current circumstances are so bad. Instead we need to think about all we have to be thankful for. Circumstances can then instantly change or improve. What we think leads to what we believe. Each belief leads to a perception. Perception

Plan now to prevent probate


he family farm has always been unique from an estate-planning perspective. Unlike many traditional businesses, a farm business typically holds a disproportionate amount of illiquid assets such as real estate, equipment, crops and livestock. ASHLEY It often has HAWLEY few liquid assets. Important planning needs to take place to deal with the incapacity or death of family-farm owners. Let’s say Farmer John passes away. He was married with six children. Farmer John inherited the farmland along with livestock and equipment from his parents. They received it from their parents. That happened before he met his spouse and he never added his spouse’s name to the real estate or business interest. Years ago when the kids were little, Farmer John created a will primarily for the purpose of naming a guardian for

the kids. The will says all of Farmer John’s assets will pass to his spouse. If Farmer John’s spouse is also deceased, those assets will be divided six ways. Upon Farmer John’s death a probate is necessary. Probate is the court-supervised process of transferring Farmer John’s assets to his beneficiaries. But Farmer John had a will and he’s married. It doesn’t matter. If a person passes away  with assets in his or her name,  without a beneficiary designation, and  with the total of those assets in Wisconsin is more than $50,000 the estate will need to be probated. Probate comes with its headaches, especially for family farms. Time and money are the two biggest culprits. In terms of money the estate will need to pay the executor as well as filing fees and other court costs. The probate Please see HAWLEY, Page E4

then becomes our reality, even when the perception isn’t true. Hank Wagner is a dairy producer and a John Maxwell Team teacher, mentor, speaker and coach. To learn more about nurturing thankfulness, consider reading Hank’s book “Teachable Moments: Lessons from Africa.” It’s available online at amazon.com and at most book stores. Email hwagner@ frontiernet.net for more information.



E4 | Thursday, August 8, 2019

Hawley From E3

filing fee is 0.2 percent of the estate’s total assets. Assets considered in Farmer John’s example are land, buildings, machinery, livestock and planted crops. For a farm that fee

alone can be substantial, especially in an estate consisting of mainly real estate with little cash on hand. Selling assets may be required to pay fees, expending money earmarked for a spouse or beneficiaries. Attorney’s fees should also be considered. Dividing a family farm can

be extremely challenging. Take the example of Farmer John’s six children. Let’s say hypothetically that Farmer John’s spouse passed first. Two of the children live on the farm and two live near but not on the farm. Two live out of state and don’t talk with their siblings.


Consider who will be the executor. The eldest son thinks it should be him, but he’s not on the farm and doesn’t know anything about running a farm. But he’s the oldest. The youngest daughter thinks it should be her. She’s been practically running the

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farm deals are done with a handshake as opposed to a written contract. As a result people may appear claiming to be creditors because once upon a time they made a handshake deal with Farmer John. Handshake deals on whose cows are whose or who is renting or using the land and equipment are two of the most common disputes in farm probates. Those claims need to be thoroughly investigated, which will result in additional time and money for the estate. Additionally all creditors will be notified of the probate process, requiring many unpaid obligations to come due in a short time. Estate planning is about analyzing goals. Think about what is most important to the farmer and the farm family. Probate can be avoided. A well-drafted estate plan can eliminate unnecessary cost and fighting. Consulting an estate-planning attorney, preferably one with experience dealing with the uniqueness of the family farm. The correct options can be chosen to ensure pitfalls don’t deprive heirs of a lifetime’s hard work.

farm since she was 12. The CPA daughter thinks the youngest daughter has always been spoiled and is not smart enough to deal with the farm’s financials. Even if a decision can be made on who becomes the executor, then a decision needs to be made concerning how to divide the land, equipment and livestock. Farmer John wanted the farm to go on for generations. He didn’t want one or two of his kids to force the others to buy them out. Or worse he didn’t want them to force a sale of the farm to pay them off. Those can be difficult subjects, potentially leading to a lot of unnecessary costs if the beneficiaries don’t see eye-to-eye. That’s especially true when mom or dad, who was always there to keep the peace, is no longer able to mediate. Defining “fair” in a family-farm situation is often the most difficult task to accomplish in estate planning. If that term isn’t considered by Farmer John prior to his death, the default rules or a six-way division will likely leave everyone feeling the solution was unfair. It’s also important to note that probate is a public process. With family farms that creates a unique situation because many

Ashley Hawley, an attorney at Ruder Ware, focuses her practice on estate planning. Visit www.ruderware.com for more information.





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2003 CIH LBX331P, 51,000 Bales, Packer Cutter, Acid Applicator, Roller Chute, $25,000 2013 GEHL V270, 900 Hrs., Cab/Heat/Air, 2 – Spd., Hand/Foot Controls, PwrTach, EX Condition, Was $33,000 ...................................................... NOW $31,000

2011 NH CR9070, 1700 Hrs., 4wd, Duals, Straw Chopper, Chaff Spreader, EX CONDITION, MUST SELL NOW!!

2005 MF 9790, 2100 Hrs., 1400 Sep. Hrs., Straw Chopper, Chaff Spreader, VG CONDITION, CALL NOW WE’LL DEAL

2008 NH FP230, Processor, NEW Knives, NEW Shearbar, NEW Chains, READY TO GO!!, $25,000

2008 CASEIH FHX300 & HDX20 HaYHead, NEW Chains, Blower Rebuilt, NEW Shearbar, READY TO GO!!, $18,900

2012 MF 9540, 585 Sep. Hrs., 18.4x42 Duals, Loaded with Options, EX CONDITION, CALL NOW AND SAVE B$G

1997 MF 8780, 2800 Sep. Hrs., 18.4x42 Duals, Chopper, Lateral Tilt – Black Feeder House, $39,000

2011 NH H7450, 13’ DiscBine, Rubber Rolls, Drawbar Swivel Hitch $18,900

2010 NH BB9060, 3x3 Baler, Roto-Cutter, Auto-Oiler, Roller Chute, Acid Applicator, $55,000

2017 NH C227, 400 Hrs., Cab/Heat/Air, 2 – Spd., Hand/Foot Controls, PwrTach, LIKE NEW, Was $37,900......................................... NOW $35,900

2017 NH L228, 250 Hrs., Cab/Heat/Air, 2 – Spd., PwrTach, PwrTach, LIKE NEW, Was $38,000 ..................................................... NOW $36,000

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