Page 1

"#$%#&'(!)*%+ ,-.!/0!1%23$%#3$( 456784549

!"#$"%&'()*$+(,-.(/0(1$23#$"3#'4-5&56"(78479:8((((( =+#(,-.(79:8;>?(

(((((((((((((((((((((( (

:(;(8<


STRATEGY PLAN  MAX  IV  LABORATORY  2013  -­‐  2026   ...............................................  1   1   EXECUTIVE  SUMMARY  ......................................................................................  4   2   VISION,  GOALS  &  VALUES  .................................................................................  5   3   STATUS  .............................................................................................................  8   3.1  

MAX I-­‐III  .................................................................................................................................  8  

3.2 MAX  IV  Project  .......................................................................................................................  8   3.2.1   MAX  IV  Building  ......................................................................................................................  8   3.2.2   MAX  IV  Accelerator  .................................................................................................................  9   3.2.3   Funded  MAX  IV  Beamlines  ....................................................................................................  10   3.3  

Organization .........................................................................................................................  11  

4 TRANSITION  MAX-­‐LAB  TO  MAX  IV  ..................................................................  13   4.1  

Ramping up  to  MAX  IV  .........................................................................................................  13  

4.2

Dark period  ..........................................................................................................................  13  

4.3

Decommissioning MAX  I-­‐III  ...................................................................................................  14  

5 FUTURE  ACTIONS  ...........................................................................................  15   5.1  

Position of  MAX  IV  ...............................................................................................................  15  

5.2 Future  beamlines  .................................................................................................................  15   5.2.1   Beamline  ramp-­‐up  plan  ........................................................................................................  15   5.2.2   The  MAX  IV  Straw-­‐Man  Suit  .................................................................................................  16   5.2.3   Phase  II  beamlines  ................................................................................................................  21   5.2.4   Selection  process  for  Phase  IIb  and  Phase  III  beamlines  ......................................................  21   5.2.5   Individual  applications  vs.  Funding  Frame  ............................................................................  24   5.2.6   Swedish  High  energy  beamline  at  PETRA  III  .........................................................................  24   5.3  

Phase II  accelerator  ..............................................................................................................  25  

5.4

MAX FEL  ...............................................................................................................................  25  

5.5 Internationalization  ..............................................................................................................  26   5.5.1   Status  &  milestones  of  the  internationalization  ...................................................................  26   5.6   Synergies:  ESS  –  SVS  –  MAX  IV  ..............................................................................................  27   5.6.1   Priorities  for  SVS  ...................................................................................................................  28   5.6.2   SVS  time  plan  ........................................................................................................................  28   5.7   Industry  -­‐  Innovation  –  Education  .........................................................................................  29   5.7.1   Industry  .................................................................................................................................  29   5.7.2   Education  &  outreach  ...........................................................................................................  30  

6 RESOURCES  NEEDED  TO  FULFILL  VISION  .........................................................  32   Strategy  Plan  MAX  IV  Laboratory_August  23_2013           Dnr  MAX  2013/95  

                                           

2 /  37  


7 TIME  PLAN  &  MAJOR  EVENTS  .........................................................................  35   7.1  

Communication ....................................................................................................................  35  

7.2        Phase  IIb  Workshops………………………...…………………………………………………………………………………35  

8 QUESTIONS  TO  VETENSKAPSRÅDET  ................................................................  37      

Strategy Plan  MAX  IV  Laboratory_August  23_2013           Dnr  MAX  2013/95  

                                           

3 /  37  


1 Executive  Summary       MAX  IV  Laboratory  is  a  Swedish  national  laboratory  providing  scientists  with  X-­‐rays   for  research.  It  is  presently  operating  the  MAX  I-­‐III  facilities  and  building  MAX  IV,   which  will  be  inaugurated  June  21st  2016.     This  document  proposes  a  strategy  for  the  laboratory  until  2026.  By  then  MAX  IV   shall  have  reached  its  full  capacity  and  will  be  a  crown  jewel  for  natural  science  in   Sweden  and  a  cornerstone  in  the  academic  and  industrial  materials  competence   center  in  Brunnshög,  Lund.  MAX  IV  is  built  with  the  strong  intellectual  and  financial   support  of  12  major  Swedish  Universities.  It  shall  continue  this  collaboration  and  in   addition  attract  international  partners  contributing  both  intellectually  and  to   investment  and  operation.  This  will  provide  a  better  and  more  complete  facility  for   less  Swedish  money.     In  its  development  MAX  IV  shall  keep  a  close  watch  of  the  international  scene  as   exemplified  by  storage  rings  and  free  electron  lasers,  emerging  communities  and   grand  challenges.     Because  of  its  revolutionary  design  MAX  IV  will  provide  high  brightness  X-­‐ray  beams   of  high  transverse  coherence  and  ultra-­‐short  duration.  These  will  transform  our   understanding  of  matter  and  materials  in  many  fields  of  natural  science.  Based  on   these  world-­‐leading  strengths  we  suggest  scientific  fields  for  which  beamlines  shall   be  built  up,  the  straw-­‐man  suit.  The  selection,  prioritization  and  specification  of   beamlines  serving  these  fields  shall  be  done  in  full  collaboration  with  the  scientific   community  and  the  funders.  The  final  suite  of  beamlines  will  serve  all  of  natural   science  and  cater  to  existing  as  well  as  emerging  communities.     The  existing  MAX  I-­‐III  storage  rings  continue  to  attract  almost  1000  users/year   producing  circa  240  publications  and  35  PhD  students  every  year.  In  the  transition   phase  we  prioritize  MAX  IV  while  safeguarding  the  operation  at  MAX  I-­‐III,  which  will   be  closed  down  in  December  2015.     The  MAX  IV-­‐project  consists  of  three  subprojects:  Building,  accelerator  and   beamlines.  All  are  on  schedule  and  in  specifications.  Since  reporting  a  slight  cost   increase  in  summer  2012  the  cost  is  reported  to  the  funders  on  a  quarterly  basis  and   no  further  increase  has  occurred.     The  accelerator  project  entered  the  installation  phase  in  May  2013  and  LINAC   installation  is  progressing  according  to  plan.  Commissioning  will  start  in  March  2014.   The  building  is  scheduled  for  final  handover  in  October  2015.  Beamlines  are   progressing  according  to  plan.  The  inauguration  of  the  entire  facility  is  scheduled  for   June  21st  2016.     To  cope  with  the  very  complex  and  expensive  MAX  IV  project  the  laboratory  has   reformed  its  organization.  It  now  has  a  matrix  organization  handling  the  MAX  IV   project  complemented  by  a  line  organization  taking  care  of  the  individual  employees   Strategy  Plan  MAX  IV  Laboratory_August  23_2013           Dnr  MAX  2013/95  

                                           

4 /  37  


and organizing  operation  issues.  This  organization  shall  remain  in  place  at  least  until   completing  the  MAX  IV  project  in  2016.     MAX  IV  Laboratory  already  has  close  to  50  %  international  users.  It  has  the  potential   and  ambition  to  become  a  regional  facility.  For  this  formal  partnership  with   countries  in  the  Nordic/Baltic  region  shall  be  established.  Partnership  shall  allow   contributions  to  the  operation  cost  and  to  future  investment  matching  the  scientific   use  of  MAX  IV.  A  first  step  towards  this  goal  was  taken  in  December  2012  with   Estonia  and  Finland  funding  the  FinEstBeaMS  beamline  at  MAX  IV.   Internationalization  must  be  done  in  a  way  protecting  the  large  initial  Swedish   investment  and  resulting  in  a  win-­‐win  situation  for  both  Swedish  and  Nordic/Baltic   users.     The  future  development  of  MAX  IV  is  mostly  steered  through  the  beamline  ramp-­‐up   plan.  The  suggested  ramp-­‐up  allows  exploiting  the  full  capacity  of  the  revolutionary   MAX  IV  design  and  serving  all  areas  of  natural  science  in  the  Nordic/Baltic  countries.   It  will  require  full  involvement  of  the  many  scientific  user  communities  and  the   international  partners.  For  this  we  suggest  a  beamline  selection  process  balancing   scientific  excellence  and  strategic  aspects  while  maximizing  transparency  and   accountability.     Sweden  will  build  and  operate  beamline  P21  at  PETRA  III.  This  is  optimized  for  high   energy  X-­‐rays  and  can  ideally  complement  MAX  IV.  It  is  suggested  to  exploit   synergies  by  coordinating  the  efforts.     From  the  beginning  the  MAX  IV  project  anticipated  the  construction  of  an  FEL.  We   summarize  the  scientific  and  economic  benefits  of  co-­‐locating  the  FEL  with  MAX  IV   and  suggest  a  time  line  for  the  application  and  building  process.     To  maximize  the  synergies  enabled  by  the  proximity  of  MAX  IV  Laboratory,    the   European  Spallation  Source  (ESS),  the  Lund  University  campus,  and  Science  Village   Scandinavia  (SVS)  we  list  priorities  including  for  example  a  common  physical  (user   reception)  as  well  as  virtual  (user  office)  portal  with  ESS  and  suggest  a  timeline  for   their  realization.  Cohesion  with  Lund  University  and  other  universities  shall  be   maintained  by  joint  appointments  and  by  contributing  to  education.     Finally  we  estimate  the  full  resources  necessary  to  realize  the  vision  of  MAX  IV  as  a   world-­‐leading  regional  facility  serving  all  of  natural  science.  Starting  from  the   operations  cost  applied  for  (2014-­‐2018)  and  assuming  the  beamline  ramp-­‐up  we   anticipate  an  almost  constant  investment  need  of  150  MSEK/year  (2017-­‐2023)  and   an  operations  budget  levelling  out  just  above  500  MSEK/year  in  2026.  Part  of  this   cost  shall  be  financed  by  the  future  Nordic/Baltic  partners.          

Strategy Plan  MAX  IV  Laboratory_August  23_2013           Dnr  MAX  2013/95  

                                           

5 /  37  


2 Vision, Goals  &  Values  

This  document  describes  the  vision  of  building  and  operating  MAX  IV  as  a  world-­‐ leading  user  facility  for  all  of  natural  science.  MAX  IV  is  based  on  more  than  25  years   of  successful  work  in  photon  science  in  Lund.  It  is  presently  hosted  by  Lund   University  (LU)  and  located  next  to  the  future  European  Spallation  Source  (ESS)  and   to  Science  Village  Scandinavia  (SVS),  with  which  it  will  collaborate  closely  and  exploit   all  possible  synergies.  This  will  make  the  Brunnshög  complex  a  unique  asset  for   research,  innovation  and  education  for  the  entire  Nordic  and  Baltic  region.     The  developing  MAX  IV  will  be  driven  by  the  needs  of  the  Nordic  and  Baltic  users  and   will  keep  a  close  watch  on  the  international  competition.     When  becoming  operational  June  21st  2016  MAX  IV  will  be  the  lowest  emittance   storage  ring  worldwide  and  will  stay  so  for  many  years  to  come.  It  is  our  goal  to   translate  this  unique  machine  performance  to  unique  beamlines  and  to  unique   results  in  science  and  innovation.  For  this  MAX  IV  will  expand  its  user  community  to   non-­‐traditional  fields  like  cultural  heritage,  engineering,  cell  biology  and  others.     It  must  be  the  goal  to  exploit  the  full  potential  of  the  initial  investment  in  the  facility.   We  define  this  as  follows:   • Provide  excellent  service  for  all  fields  of  natural  science   • Building  and  operating  a  full  portfolio  of  beamlines   • A  close  collaboration  with:   a. The  Swedish  and  other  universities  to  optimize  research  and   education.   b. ESS  as  exemplified  by  a  common  entrance  point  for  all  users   (electronic  user  portal  &  physical  reception).   c. Related  facilities  like  ESRF,  PETRA  III,  European  XFEL  and  others  to   exploit  synergies  and  complementarities.   • Becoming  a  regional  facility  for  all  interested  users  in  the  Nordic/Baltic   countries  by  securing  financial  contributions  to  the  operation  and  investment   in  beamlines.   • Building  and  operating  an  FEL  to  complement  the  science  done  at  the  storage   rings.     The  staff  of  MAX  IV  will  provide  an  inspiring  and  welcoming  environment  for  new   and  for  returning  users  from  both  academia  and  industry.  The  beamline  staff  will  be   qualified  to  support  the  most  demanding  research  projects  because  of  their   experience  and  their  own  active  contributions  to  research.  Some  staff  will  be  active   in  educating  the  next  generation  of  scientists.      

Strategy Plan  MAX  IV  Laboratory_August  23_2013           Dnr  MAX  2013/95  

                                           

6 /  37  


It is  our  vision  to  operate  MAX  IV  using  renewable  energy  sources  to  be  procured  in   a  long-­‐term  contract  from  a  commercial  energy  supplier.  This  shall  lower  the   environmental  footprint  and  make  the  project  immune  against  rising  energy  prices,   which  have  to  be  expected  in  the  future.  The  recycling  of  energy,  by  selling  heat   from  the  cooling  systems  to  the  central  heating  system  of  Lund,  is  already  realized   and  lowers  the  operations  cost.      

Strategy Plan  MAX  IV  Laboratory_August  23_2013           Dnr  MAX  2013/95  

                                           

7 /  37  


3 Status 3.1 MAX  I-­‐III   The  MAX  I,  II,  and  III  facilities  have  provided  a  broad  scientific  community  access  to   VUV  and  X-­‐ray  radiation  and  energetics  electrons  for  nuclear  physics  research  for   decades  and  are  the  foundation  on  which  MAX  IV  is  built.     The  beamlines  continue  to  attract  almost  1000  users  per  year  and  produce  high   quality  science  published  in  about  240  articles  per  year.  However  most  of  them  are   no  longer  competitive  with  newly  built  beamlines  at  more  modern  sources  (SLS,   DIAMOND,  SOLEIL,  PETRA  III,  …).     For  the  coming  years  their  task  is  to  continue  serving  users  at  the  level  possible  given   their  age.  This  will  ensure  the  continuity  in  the  user  community  and  prepare  users  as   well  as  possible  for  the  opportunities  of  MAX  IV.       Because  of  limited  resources  and  because  of  the  need  to  focus  on  the  future  and   prepare  the  staff  for  upcoming  challenges,  MAX  IV  Laboratory  has  decided  to   prioritize  the  MAX  IV  project,  while  safeguarding  the  operations  at  MAX  I-­‐III.  The   MAX  I-­‐III  accelerators  and  beamlines  will  be  closed  in  December  2015.   This  results  in  a  dark  period  of  at  least  6  months.  See  also  4.2.  

3.2 MAX  IV  Project   The  MAX  IV  project,  funded  jointly  by  VR,  LU,  VINNOVA,  and  Region  Skåne,  was   approved  in  2010.       An  increased  project  cost  estimate  was  reported  in  the  summer  of  2012.  The  main   cost  drivers  are  in  the  New  Lab  Facilities  subprojects,  which  cover  the  infrastructure   necessary  to  support  users  during  their  work  at  the  beamlines  and  general   infrastructure  for  the  facility.  The  MAX  IV  Phase  I  cost  is  monitored  closely  and   reported  to  the  funders  on  a  quarterly  basis.     At  present  contracts  for  more  than  70  %  of  the  total  expected  cost  has  been  signed.   The  approved  budget  is  1  134  MSEK  plus  a  guarantee  by  the  funders  concerning  cost   increases  necessary  to  construct  the  accelerators  of  the  MAX  IV-­‐project  Phase  I.  It   has  been  agreed  with  the  funders  that  an  application  to  cover  the  funding  gap  will   be  submitted  to  VR  in  spring  2014  when  the  exact  amount  is  known.   3.2.1     MAX  IV  Building   The  building  project  is  progressing  well.  At  present  about  60  %  of  the  approved   budget  has  been  spent  and  no  problems  with  technical  specifications,  budget  or   schedule  have  been  encountered.   Topping  out  is  planned  for  August  22nd  2013;  first  beneficial  occupancy  (LINAC  and   start  building  only)  is  planned  for  October  1st  2013.  Full  hand  over  of  the  entire   building  is  scheduled  for  October  2015.    

Strategy Plan  MAX  IV  Laboratory_August  23_2013           Dnr  MAX  2013/95  

                                           

8 /  37  


3.2.2 MAX  IV  Accelerator   The  accelerator  is  based  on  a  novel  multi-­‐bend-­‐achromat  (MBA)  design  providing   world-­‐leading  emittance  for  moderate  investment  cost.  It  consists  of  three  parts   which  each  have  unique  and  irreplaceable  functions.     1. The  LINAC  accelerates  electrons  to  the  operating  energies  of  the  storage   rings,  thus  allowing  for  top-­‐up  injection.   The  combination  of  a  laser  cathode  gun  and  two  bunch  compressors  provides   the  ultra-­‐short  electron  bunches  (<100  fs)  required  for  ultra-­‐fast  science  at   the  Short  Pulse  Facility  (SPF)  used  by  the  funded  FemtoMAX  beamline  (SPF   can  host  2  beamlines).   The  LINAC  is  also  a  prerequisite  for  the  future  expansion  to  an  FEL.     2. The  1.5  GeV  storage  ring  provides  high  brightness  radiation  and  will  be  the   only  modern  storage  ring1  in  the  spectral  region  between  about  5  and  500   eV.  It  serves  the  large  and  successful  scientific  community,  which  has  built  up   MAX-­‐lab  to  become  an  internationally  recognized  facility.   The  1.5  GeV  ring  can  host  approximately  6  beamlines,  more  beamlines  would   require  expanding  the  present  building.     3. The  3  GeV  storage  ring  provides  the  highest  brightness  radiation  in  the   spectral  region  between  about  250  eV  and  35  keV.  By  fully  exploiting  the   multi-­‐bend  achromat  (MBA)  lattice,  invented  by  M.  Eriksson  and  the  MAX-­‐lab   team,  it  achieves  a  record  low  emittance  (0.3  nm*rad)  and  performances   exceeding  those  of  recent  facilities  (Soleil,  Diamond)  by  an  order  of   magnitude  at  comparable  or  lower  cost.    This  will  allow  focusing  the  beam  to   sub-­‐micron  spot  sizes  while  maintaining  the  low  divergence  necessary  for   diffraction  and  other  scattering  experiments,  an  important  requirement  in   the  ever-­‐increasing  field  of  nano-­‐science.   The  3  GeV  ring,  when  combined  with  state  of  the  art  beamlines,  provides   world  leading  research  facilities  in  fields  such  as  structural  biology,  soft   matter,  nano-­‐science,  energy  materials,  etc.  of  huge  importance  for  solving   the  challenges  that  face  society  in  the  decades  to  come.   The  3  GeV  ring  can  host  approximately  20  beamlines.       The  MAX  IV  accelerator  project  can  be  considered  a  true  leader  on  the  international   scale.  Even  before  completion  its  MBA  design  is  copied  by  much  larger  international   competitors  like  ESRF2,  APS,  Spring83  and  PEP-­‐X.     The  accelerator  project  entered  a  new  phase  when  installation  of  the  accelerator   components  began  in  May  2013.  By  early  July  280  meters  of  LINAC  structures  were   installed  and  under  vacuum.  No  serious  problems  were  encountered  so  far.                                                                                                                   1

The  competitors  for  the  1.5  GeV  ring  are  for  example  ALS,  BESSY,  ELETTRA,  NSRRC  which  are  circa  20   years  old,  SOLARIS  being  built  in  Kracow,  PL  is  an  exact  copy  of  the  MAX  IV  ring  realized  as  a   collaborative  project.   2  ESRF  Low  Emittance  Project:   http://www.esrf.eu/fr/home/UsersAndScience/Publications/Highlights/2012/axs/axs9.html   http://www.esrf.eu/about/upgrade/documentation/whitepaper-­‐upgrade-­‐phaseII.pdf   3  Spring-­‐8  upgrade  plan:   http://www.spring8.or.jp/en/about_us/whats_sp8/spring-­‐8_II/   Strategy  Plan  MAX  IV  Laboratory_August  23_2013           Dnr  MAX  2013/95  

                                           

9 /  37  


UL'P$&!6X!,-.!/0!1/?-C!#P++&*!TW3dL+'!7I!3V!#W&!7\!%KK&*&$%#L+'!;U!T#$PK#P$&TF!d%[&'PLS&T!%+S!"1<Q!K%[L#L&T! L+T#%**&S!3+!#W&!'L$S&$T!%+S!P+S&$![%KPPN!e456785Z846fB!

7B4B7! UP+S&S!,-.!/0!@&%N*L+&T! JK%(E3+6"#5E"B3+(3N(2%$G*B+%6($"(,-.(/0(6"$#"%C(PB"K(<(2%$G*B+%6(N3#(PKBEK("K%( ,(*")-./)01+.2)3$112(42#56)!"+7"2162(df-ce($+C(:7(!P%CB6K(Z+BO%#6B"B%6(d`K$*G%#6V( kY"%23#&V(f$#*6"$CV(f$#3*B+6[$(/+6"B"5"%"(df/eV(f5+&*B&$(J%[+B6[$(QY&6[3*$+(dfJQeV( 1B+[YHB+&V(15*%hV(15+CV(!P%CB6K(-&#BE5*"5#%(Z+BO%#6B"'(d!1ZeV(!"3E[K3*GV(ZG%h($+C( ZHH6$*$e(H#3OBC%C(N5+CB+&(3N(M99(,!Rf($+C(:L7(,!RfV(#%6H%E"BO%*'@(JK%(6EB%+"BNBE( N3E56(3N("K%6%(2%$G*B+%6(P$6(C%"%#GB+%C(B+(E*36%(E3**$23#$"B3+(PB"K("K%(56%#( E3GG5+B"'@(JK%(N$E"("K$"("K%(5+BO%#6B"B%6(X3B+"*'(E3+"#B25"%("3("K%(N5+CB+&(6K3P6("K%( 6"#3+&(B+O3*O%G%+"($+C(C%CBE$"B3+(3N("K%(5+BO%#6B"B%6($+C("K%B#(#%6%$#EK%#6@( S%E%+"*'(R6"3+B$($+C(FB+*$+C(K$O%(N5+C%C("K%(E3+6"#5E"B3+(3N($+(D"K(2%$G*B+%( 5+C%#*B+B+&("K%(C%CBE$"B3+(3N(#%6%$#EK%#6(N#3G("K%6%(E35+"#B%6("3("K%(H#3&#%66(3N( ,-.(/0(1$23#$"3#'@(( JK%(E3+6"#5E"B3+(3N(%$EK(3N("K%6%(%B&K"(2%$G*B+%6(B6(G$+$&%C(2'($(2%$G*B+%(6H%EBNBE( H#3X%E"("%$GV(G$B+"$B+B+&(E*36%(#%*$"B3+6("3("K%(56%#(E3GG5+B"'@(JK%(25B*CI5H(3N("K%( B+CBOBC5$*(2%$G*B+%6(B6(2%B+&(E33#CB+$"%C(2'("K%(A%$G*B+%()#3X%E"(aNNBE%(dA)ae(PB"K( #%6H%E"("3($**(3O%#$**($6H%E"6(*B[%(56%(3N(,-.(/0(1$23#$"3#'(#%635#E%6V(E3**$23#$"B3+6( PB"K(%\"%#+$*(H$#"+%#(*$23#$"3#B%6V(6"$+C$#CBU$"B3+(3N("%EK+BE$*($+C(3#&$+BU$"B3+$*( 63*5"B3+6V($+C(C%O%*3HG%+"(3N(E3GG3+("%EK+BE$*(63*5"B3+6@(A5B*CI5H(3N($**(N5"5#%( 2%$G*B+%6(PB**($*63(2%(E33#CB+$"%C(2'(A)a@((

!"#$"%&'()*$+(,-.(/0(1$23#$"3#'4-5&56"(78479:8((((( =+#(,-.(79:8;>?(

(((((((((((((((((((((( (

:9(;(8<


The initial  phase  of  beamlines  consists  of:     • FemtoMAX  (Linac):  Studies  of  ultra-­‐fast  processes  in  materials   • NanoMAX  (3  GeV  ring):  Imaging,  spectroscopic  &  scattering  techniques  with   nanometer  resolution   • BALDER  (3  GeV  ring):  Hard  X-­‐ray  absorption  spectroscopy  with  emphasis  on   in-­‐situ  and  time  resolved  studies   • BioMAX  (3  GeV  ring):  Macromolecular  crystallography  with  a  high  degree  of   automation  and  remote  access   • Veritas  (3  GeV  ring):  RIXS  combining  a  unique  resolving  power  with  high   spatial  resolution     • Hippie  (3  GeV  ring):  High-­‐pressure  photoelectron  spectroscopy  on  solids  and   liquids     • ARPES  (1.5  GeV  ring):  Angle  resolved  photoelectron  spectroscopy  for  detailed   studies  of  the  electronic  structure  of  solids   • FinEstBeaMS  (1.5  GeV  ring):  Electronic  structure,  gases,  aerosols,   luminescence     All  initial  seven  beamlines  have  presented  Technical  Design  Reports  (TDR),  which   were  evaluated  by  international  experts.  Procurement  and  purchasing  is  on-­‐going  for   all  these  seven  beamlines.     Part  of  the  development  of  technical  solutions  for  the  seven  beamlines  is  being  done   within  the  MAX  IV  –  SOLEIL  collaboration  funded  by  the  Swedish  Research  Council.   An  agreement  on  collaborative  metrology  of  X-­‐ray  optics  and  R&D  of  gratings  has   been  signed  with  Helmholtz  Zentrum  Berlin  (HZB).     A  TDR  for  FinEstBeaMS  will  be  presented  late  2013.  An  agreement  concerning   procurement  and  financial  aspects  of  the  FinEstBeaMS  beamline  has  been   negotiated  with  Tartu  University.     The  beamline  projects  are  on  time.  Contracts  completed  so  far  indicate  that  they  will   be  in  budget.  

3.3 Organization The  MAX  IV  Laboratory  is  a  National  Laboratory  founded  by  Lund  University,   VINNOVA  and  VR  (see  Governmental  Regulation  2011:1567).  Lund  University  hosts   the  MAX  IV  Laboratory  and  is  the  legal  entity  for  the  laboratory.  Lund  University,   VINNOVA  and  VR  appoint  the  Board  of  the  Laboratory,  which  is  responsible  towards   the  main  funders  of  the  Laboratory  and  appoints  the  Director  and  the  management   team  of  the  Laboratory.     The  MAX  IV  project  is  much  bigger,  more  technically  demanding,  ambitious  and  last   but  not  least  more  expensive  than  anything  the  previous  MAX-­‐lab  organization  has   done.  While  the  project  relies  on  the  experienced  people  and  on  their  motivation,  it   does  require  a  more  structured  organization.  First  steps  in  this  direction  were  taken   several  years  ago.  They  were  accelerated  and  completed  by  the  current  director  who   joined  the  laboratory  in  August  2012.   Strategy  Plan  MAX  IV  Laboratory_August  23_2013           Dnr  MAX  2013/95  

                                           

11 /  37  


The organization  of  the  Laboratory  now  has  the  following  core  elements:   • Coexisting:     o Project  organization  using  a  matrix  structure  to  realize  the  MAX  IV   project4.   o Line  organization  handling  personnel,  career  and  operation  of  the   present  MAX  I-­‐III  facilities.   • The  Director  with  overall  responsibility   • Three  Directors  for  Accelerator,  Administration  and  Science,  respectively   A  second  science  director  (Life  Science)  is  presently  being  recruited.   • A  single  project  coordinator  responsible  for  coordinating  the  three  sub-­‐ projects  (building,  accelerator,  beamlines).   • The  project  coordination  office  (PCO)  negotiating  and  agreeing  on  solutions   for  issues  in  and  between  sub-­‐projects.     • The  steering  committee  [Machine-­‐,  Science-­‐,  Administrative-­‐,  Building-­‐ director,  and  Director]  deciding  on  issues  having  substantial  influence  on  the   budget,  scope  or  time  and  on  issues  escalated  by  PCO.     The  MAX  IV  Laboratory  is  further  supported  by:   • The  MAX  IV  Laboratory  Board   • The  Machine  Advisory  Committee  (MAC)   • The  Science  Advisory  Committee  (SAC)   • The  Program  Advisory  Committee  (PAC)     The  management  and  organization  of  the  laboratory  is  regularly  reviewed;  see  for   example  National  Audit  report  concerning  2011,  Self-­‐evaluation  to  VR  June  2012  and   Kåre  Bremer’s  review  of  Swedish  national  research  infrastructures  May  2013.  These   documents  can  be  found  at:  https://www.maxlab.lu.se/strategy_report      

                                                                                                              4

Project  management  plan  MAX  IV  Project,  as  agreed  at  February  2013  Board  meeting  (Item  14).  

Strategy Plan  MAX  IV  Laboratory_August  23_2013           Dnr  MAX  2013/95  

                                           

12 /  37  


4 Transition MAX-­‐lab  to  MAX  IV   4.1 Ramping  up  to  MAX  IV   Ramp-­‐up  towards  MAX  IV  in  terms  of  personnel  and  organization  has  started  and  is   vital  for  the  whole  project.  The  ramp-­‐up  is  delayed  due  to  the  late  decision  on  the   operations  budget  for  2013,  which  came  only  on  2012-­‐12-­‐14  thus  limiting  the  staff   that  could  be  hired  for  2013.     For  the  future  MAX  IV  Laboratory  will  take  an  optimistic  and  courageous  point  of   view  and  ramp  up  staff  and  competences  now  to  have  qualified  people  in  place  2016   when  they  are  needed.  It  will  assume  that  the  funders  will  provide  reasonable   funding  for  the  project.     While  being  courageous  and  optimistic  we  will  take  great  care  to  communicate  the   ambitions,  the  status  and  the  pending  issues  to  all  funders  in  time,  allowing  them  to   take  the  necessary  decisions.  This  document  is  part  of  this  strategy!  

4.2 Dark period   After  several  decades  of  successful  research  the  MAX  I-­‐III  accelerators  and  beamlines   will  be  permanently  closed  in  December  2015.5     The  opening  of  MAX  IV,  with  its  initial  set  of  8  beamlines,  to  users  on  June  21st  2016   will  cause  a  minimum  dark  period  of  6  months.  However  several  communities,   currently  active  at  MAX  I-­‐III  will  have  significantly  longer  dark  periods.  Examples  are:   • Non  protein  diffraction  is  presently  done  at  BL  I711  and  BL  I811,  but  there  is   not  yet  a  funded  such  diffraction  beamline  at  MAX  IV.   • SAXS  is  presently  done  at  BL  I911,  but  there  is  not  yet  a  funded  SAXS   beamline  at  MAX  IV.  Funding  for  the  CoSAXS  beamline  has  been  applied  for   and  a  decision  is  expected  by  November  2013.   • Nuclear  Physics  has  been  a  very  strong  activity  at  MAX-­‐lab  during  the  past  25   years.  At  present  the  user  community  is  small  and  shrinking  (leading   professors  have  retired).  In  order  for  nuclear  physics  to  play  an  important   role  at  MAX  IV  would  require  strong  signals  by  the  Swedish  universities  such   as  replacing  the  retired  professors.   • Infrared  spectroscopy  and  imaging  has  been  done  successfully  at  MAX  I     (BL  73)  and  III  (BL  D7),  but  today  is  challenged  by  ever  improving  laboratory   instruments.     At  MAX  IV  the  small  diameter  of  the  vacuum  chamber  makes  it  technically   very  difficult  to  extract  the  FIR  part  of  the  spectrum  at  competitive   intensities.  Therefore  a  very  strong  initiative  by  the  user  community  would   be  needed  to  justify  the  extra  technical  effort.  

                                                                                                              5

RFI  decided  February  7,  2013  to  guarantee  the  amount  of  52,5  MSEK  for  securing  the  operations  of   MAX  I-­‐III  for  2015  and  through  this  minimize  the  dark  period.    

Strategy  Plan  MAX  IV  Laboratory_August  23_2013           Dnr  MAX  2013/95  

                                           

13 /  37  


Gas phase  and  low  density  matter  is  only  partly  covered  by  the  FinEstBeaMS   BL  and  by  the  CliMAX  endstations  that  are  part  of  the  transfer  package   (decision  November  2013).  

Most  soft  X-­‐ray  and  VUV  science  is  covered  by  the  transfer  package  for  which  a   funding  decision  by  VR  is  expected  in  November  2013.    

4.3 Decommissioning MAX  I-­‐III   In  2016  the  existing  MAX  I-­‐III  accelerator,  all  beamlines  and  the  entire  infrastructure   will  be  decommissioned.  The  goal  is  to  hand  over  the  current  building  to  LU  in  the   summer  2016.  The  necessary  resources  for  the  decommissioning  have  been  applied   for  to  VR  (2013-­‐03-­‐26).      

Strategy Plan  MAX  IV  Laboratory_August  23_2013           Dnr  MAX  2013/95  

                                           

14 /  37  


5 Future Actions   5.1 Position  of  MAX  IV   The  unique  properties  of  the  MAX  IV  accelerator  will  allow  ground  breaking  science   because  of  its  low  emittance  and  coherence  (microscopy,  micro-­‐diffraction),  and   because  of  the  full  energy  LINAC  (ultra-­‐fast  processes).     MAX  IV  will  be  the  lowest  emittance  (ε=  0.3  nmrad)  accelerator  worldwide.  It  is  the   ambition  to  maintain  this  position  [5.2.4]  and  to  expand  this  capability  to  the   beamline  [Future  beamlines  5.2]  and  science  programs  and  to  become  a  worldwide   leader  in  synchrotron  radiation  research.   When  deciding  on  future  science  areas  MAX  IV  will  focus  on  its  strengths  in  terms  of:   o Unique  properties  of  the  accelerator   o High  brightness  and  high  coherence  ideally  suited  to  small  spot   analysis  and  imaging  techniques.   o Broad  energy  range:   10  -­‐  400  eV  @  1.5  GeV  ring           250  –  35keV  @  3  GeV  ring   o Ultra-­‐fast  science  using  the  SPF  and  potentially  an  FEL  in  the   future   o Strong  support  by  the  Swedish  universities  as  exemplified  in  their  co-­‐ funding  of  the  beamlines.   o A  strong  user  network  mostly  in  the  Nordic  and  Baltic  countries.   o Synergies  with  research  institutes  nearby  (European  Spallation  Source,   Medicon  Village,  IDEON  Science  park),  Swedish  and  other  universities,   and  partners  in  the  Nordic/Baltic  region.   o Accelerator  physics  (this  will  require  recruiting  a  leading  expert  to   succeed  Mikael  Eriksson  as  the  Machine  Director).     The  MAX  IV  Laboratory  should  strive  for  becoming  a  European  steward  in   sustainable  development  of  research  facilities.  

5.2 Future beamlines   5.2.1 Beamline  ramp-­‐up  plan   The  number  of  beamlines  determines  not  only  the  breadth  of  science  MAX  IV  can   enable  and  the  number  of  users  it  can  support;  it  also  has  major  influence  on  the   cost  of  ownership6.  It  is  thus  the  main  parameter  to  steer  the  future  of  the  facility.     With  the  presently  funded  8  beamlines  not  even  all  of  the  community  already   existing  at  MAX  I-­‐III  is  served,  much  less  are  new  communities  attracted.  Thus   increasing  the  number  of  beamlines  is  mandatory.  Increasing  the  number  of   beamlines  does  not  increase  the  base  cost  necessary  to  operate  the  facility   (accelerator,  administration,  rent).  Thus  it  is  a  way  to  take  better  profit  from  the   large  initial  investment  made  by  the  Swedish  funders.                                                                                                                     6

We  define  cost  of  ownership  as  the  full  cost  needed  to  build  (investment)  and  operate  (salaries,   consumables,  overhead)  the  facility  and  to  keep  it  competitive  until  2026.  Upgrades  beyond  this  and   decommissioning  are  not  included.   Strategy  Plan  MAX  IV  Laboratory_August  23_2013           Dnr  MAX  2013/95  

                                           

15 /  37  


JK%(B+O%6"G%+"(N3#(N5#"K%#(2%$G*B+%6($+C("K%B#(3H%#$"B3+(E36"6(6K$**(B+(H$#"(2%( NB+$+E%C(2'(_3#CBE;A$*"BE(H$#"+%#6@(kBO%+("K%($G2B"B3+("3($e(6%#O%($**(NB%*C6(3N(+$"5#$*( 6EB%+E%($+C(2e(2%E3G%($(#%&B3+$*(N$EB*B"'(P%(E3+6BC%#($("3"$*(3N(7?(2%$G*B+%6( E3GH*%"%C(2'(797L(#%$*B6"BE@( JK%(+5G2%#6(3N(2%$G*B+%6($+C("K%B#(5+B^5%(EK$#$E"%#B6"BE6(K$O%("3(#%N*%E"("K%( C%G$+C(3N("K%(56%#(E3GG5+B"'@(cKB*%("K%(B+B"B$"BO%(N3#(+%P(2%$G*B+%6(PB**($*P$'6( E3G%(N#3G("K%(6EB%+"B6"6(d23""3GI5He("K%(6%*%E"B3+($+C(C%EB6B3+6(K$O%("3(2%("$[%+( 2'("K%(*$23#$"3#'(G$+$&%G%+"(d"3HIC3P+e@(JK%'(K$O%("3(#%N*%E"("K%($O$B*$2*%( #%635#E%6V(N$O35#(6'+%#&B%6V(2$*$+E%(#B6[6($+C(E3+"#B25"%("3(63*OB+&("K%(&#$+C( EK$**%+&%6(35#(63EB%"'(B6(N$EB+&@( c%(N3#%6%%($(#$GHI5H(H#3E%66(NB+B6KB+&($#35+C(797L(d$235"(:;8(3N("K%(*BN%"BG%(3N( "K%(,-.(/0($EE%*%#$"3#e($6(6K3P+(B+(FB&5#%(7@(

!"#$%&$'()*+,-($.)*/01/$2+)-$ 2.! 1/! 1.! 0/! 0.! /! .!

1.02! 1.03! 1.0/! 1.04! 1.05! 1.06! 1.07! 1.1.! 1.10! 1.11! 1.12! 1.13! 1.1/! 1.14!

8,!9:,-$%#9$+:,!

UL'P$&!4!@&%N*L+&!$%NO8PO!O*%+!g9h!

8,!#-&%!:;&%($+:,!

/"(G56"(2%(6"#%66%C("K$"($+($CCB"B3+$*(2%$G*B+%6(E$+(3+*'(2%(6"$#"%C(BN(B+($CCB"B3+("3( "K%(B+O%6"G%+"("K%#%(B6($(&5$#$+"%%(N3#("K%(3H%#$"B3+6(E36"($+C("K%(+%E%66$#'(*3+&I "%#G(6"$NN($663EB$"%C(PB"K("K%(2%$G*B+%@( /N(B+(C352"(,-.(/0(1$23#$"3#'(6K$**(H#B3#B"BU%(^5$*B"'(3O%#(^5$+"B"'s( HB4B4 :W&!,-.!/0!!"#$%&'$()!*+"! J3(6526"$+"B$"%("K%(2%$G*B+%(#$GHI5H($+C(B"6(#%*%O$+E%(N3#(6EB%+E%(P%(56%("K%( E3+E%H"(3N($(v6"#$%&8$()6*+"w@(/"(B6($(*B6"(#%H#%6%+"B+&(N35#(CBNN%#%+"(E*$66%6(3N( 2%$G*B+%6]( /@ A%$G*B+%6($*#%$C'(N5+C%C($+C(B+("K%(25B*CB+&]()W%T&!/( f-c(T(!cR(5+BO%#6B"B%6($+C(R6"3+B$+IFB++B6K(2%$G*B+%6( p<(x(:(A16q( //@ A%$G*B+%6(N3#(PKBEK(N5**(H#3H36$*6(K$O%(2%%+(P3#[%C(35"]()W%T&!//%( F5+CB+&(K$6(2%%+($HH*B%C(N3#(B+("K%(v)K$6%(//$(-HH*BE$"B3+w("3(0S(79:8I98I7L( p8("#$+6N%#(x(7(+%P(A16q( !"#$"%&'()*$+(,-.(/0(1$23#$"3#'4-5&56"(78479:8((((( =+#(,-.(79:8;>?(

(((((((((((((((((((((( (

:L(;(8<


III. Beamlines for  which  proposals  are  being  prepared:  Phase  IIb   Final  decisions  are  pending,  but  funding  for  some  will  be  applied  for  in  2014   [6  new  BLs]   IV. Wildcards  reflecting  beamlines  to  be  built  2020  and  beyond:  Phase  III   For  these  the  science  case  is  not  known  yet  because  it  has  to  reflect  new  and   unexpected  progress  and  areas  where  further  capacity  is  needed  to  satisfy   the  needs  of  the  users  community.     [6  new  BLs]  

Together  these  25  beamlines  would  fill  the  suit  provided  by  the  large  Swedish   investment  into  the  MAX  IV  facility  and  shall  guide  the  development  of  MAX  IV  until   2026.  The  beamlines  listed  are  based  on  user  input  and  are  a  further  development  of   the  existing  Strategic  Plan  2012-­‐20207.     It  cannot  be  emphasized  enough  that  this  straw-­‐man  suit  is  tentative  and  subject  to   changes.  Scientific  fields  develop  and  funding  changes.  No  decisions  have  been  taken   for  Phase  IIb  and  Phase  III.  Fields  not  yet  represented  may  rise  and  fields  now  listed   may  decline.  We  present  this  list  as  an  input  to  the  funders  and  to  the  community  to   initiate  the  necessary  discussion  preceding  any  decision.     The  straw-­‐man  suit  is  based  on  the  following  assumptions:   o Lifetime  of  MAX  IV  accelerator:       25  years               plus  10-­‐15  years  after  an  upgrade   o Average  lifetime  of  a  beamline:     10  years  with  regular  minor  upgrades               plus  5-­‐10  years  after  major  upgrade   o Full  capacity  of  25  beamlines:     reached  by  2026   o Ramp-­‐up:           1  -­‐  2  beamlines/year     This  straw-­‐man  suit  has  to  reflect  the  strengths  of  MAX  IV  and  its  scientific   community  and  their  ambitions  on  the  international  scene.        

                                                                                                             

7

Strategic  Plan  2012-­‐2020  MAX  IV  Laboratory  (May,  2012):   https://www.maxlab.lu.se/sites/default/files/Strategisk%20dok_0.pdf  

Strategy Plan  MAX  IV  Laboratory_August  23_2013           Dnr  MAX  2013/95  

                                           

17 /  37  


No.

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

Oper– Name   Design   ation   Unique  properties   International  potential   Phase  I  (financed  by  KAW  and  12  major  Swedish  Univ.)  

ARPES

BALDER

BioMAX

FemtoMAX

NanoMAX

Hippie

Veritas

2011

2011

2011

2011

2011

2011

2011

2016

Angle resolved   electron  spectroscopy.   Full  polarization   variation  of  light.  

2016

Hard X-­‐ray  absorption   spectroscopy  (XANES,   EXAFS)  emphasizing  in-­‐ situ  and  time-­‐resolved   studies   Small  focus,  low   divergence  beam;  high   throughput  protein   diffraction;  large  high   speed  detector;  high   level  of  automation;   remote  access;  on-­‐the-­‐ fly  data  analysis   Femto-­‐second  X-­‐ray   diffraction  and   spectroscopy.  More   flux  than  available  at   existing  slicing-­‐based   sources   Nano-­‐scale  imaging  of   materials,  spatial   resolution  down  to  low   nm  range.  Scanning   and  coherence-­‐based   imaging  methods.   Near  ambient  pressure   photoemission  to   study  surface  reactions   under  relevant  gas   pressures.  Full   polarization  variation   of  light.  

2016

Soft X-­‐ray    resonant   inelastic  X-­‐ray   scattering.  High  flux  at   world-­‐class  energy   resolution,  study   excitations  in  solids   and  liquids.  Full   polarization  variation   of  light  

2016

2016

2015

2016

Strategy Plan  MAX  IV  Laboratory_August  23_2013           Dnr  MAX  2013/95  

                                           

Existing international  user   community;  will  be  state-­‐of-­‐ the-­‐art  and  attract   additional  international   users.  Will  be  exceed   performance  of  related   beamlines  at  HZB-­‐BESSY  and   ALS,  which  are  aging.  

Will be  state-­‐of-­‐the-­‐art  and   attract  additional  users   worldwide.  

Existing users  in  DK,  FI,  NO;   will  be  state-­‐of-­‐the-­‐art  and   attract  additional  users  from   oversubscribed  BLs   worldwide.   Will  attract  international   users  that  require  more  flux   than  available  at  slicing-­‐ based  sources  (SLS,  ALS,   HZB-­‐BESSY,  SOLEIL).   Will  be  state-­‐of-­‐the-­‐art  and   attract  users  worldwide   because  it  fully  exploits  the   potential  (brightness)  of   MAX  IV.   Existing  international  user   community;  will  be  state-­‐of-­‐ the-­‐art  and  attract   additional  users  from   oversubscribed  BLs   worldwide.  

Will be  state-­‐of-­‐the-­‐art  and   attract  additional  users   worldwide.   Fully  exploits  the  MAX  IV   potential  (brightness).  

18 /  37  


Phase I'  (financed  by  Finland  and  Estonia)  

8

9

FinEstBeaMS

CoSAXS

10 SoftiMAX  

11 FlexPES  

12 PEEM  

13 SPECIES  

VUV and  soft  X-­‐ray   spectroscopy  for   studies  of  solids,  gases,   and  aerosols  including   luminescence.    

Funded by  Estonia  and   Finland.   Role  model  for  international   partners.  

2013 2016   Phase  IIa  (applied  for  to  VR  2013-­‐03-­‐26)  

2014

2014

2014

2014

2014

2016

Small and  Wide  Angle   X-­‐ray  Scattering  (SAXS   and  WAXS),  X-­‐ray   Correlation   Spectroscopy  (XPCS),   and  Coherent  X-­‐ray   Diffraction  Imaging   (CDI).  Exploits  fully  the   potential  of  MAX  IV   (low  emittance  &  high   coherence).   Soft  X-­‐ray  Coherent  X-­‐ ray  imaging  and   Scanning  Transmission   X-­‐ray  Microscopy.  Full   polarization  variation   of  light.  Exploits  fully   the  unique  coherence   of  MAX  IV  X-­‐rays.     Soft  X-­‐ray   spectroscopies  on   solids,  gases,  aerosols,   and  liquids.  Multi-­‐ dimensional   spectroscopy  and   coincidence  methods.   High  cost  efficiency  by   reuse  of  MAX  II   equipment.   One  of  few  aberration   corrected  SPELEEM  on   a  modern  source   (ultimate  resolution  in   the  low  nm-­‐range).  Full   polarization  variation   of  light.  High  cost   efficiency  by  reuse  of   MAX  II  equipment.  

2016

Near ambient  pressure   photoemission  and   soft  X-­‐ray  resonant   inelastic  X-­‐ray   scattering.  High  cost   efficiency  by  reuse  of   MAX  II  equipment.    

2017

2017

2016

Strategy Plan  MAX  IV  Laboratory_August  23_2013           Dnr  MAX  2013/95  

                                           

Existing Nordic,  in  particular   Danish,  user  community.   Will  be  state-­‐of-­‐the-­‐art  and   attract  additional  users   worldwide.  

Will be  world-­‐leading  due  to   high  coherent  flux  from   MAX  IV  and  will  attract  users   worldwide.  

Existing international  user   community;  will  be  state-­‐of-­‐ the-­‐art  and  attract   additional  users  from   oversubscribed  BLs   worldwide.  

Existing international  user   community;  will  be  state-­‐of-­‐ the-­‐art  and  attract   additional  users  from   oversubscribed  BLs   worldwide.  

Existing international  user   community;  will  be  state-­‐of-­‐ the-­‐art  and  attract   additional  users  from   oversubscribed  BLs   worldwide.  

19 /  37  


Phase IIb:  Covering  obvious  gaps  in  the  portfolio   (Application  to  VR  planned  for  spring  2014)  

Combined diffraction  &   imaging  for   hard   2015-­‐ 14   materials   2017  

Cultural 15   heritage  

2015-­‐ 2017

Diffraction for  crystals  &   2015-­‐ 16   surfaces   2017  

2019-­‐ 2020

2019-­‐ 2020

2019-­‐ 2020

Medical imaging  and   bio-­‐medical   17   technology  

2015-­‐ 2017

2019-­‐ 2020

Microfocus 18   MX  

2015-­‐ 2017

2019-­‐ 2020

Strategy Plan  MAX  IV  Laboratory_August  23_2013           Dnr  MAX  2013/95  

Analyse meso-­‐ structure  of  hard   materials  (metals,   ceramics,  …)  by   combining  diffraction   and  micro-­‐ tomographic  imaging.   Samples  can  be   powder  or  few  grains.   Includes  3D  grain  and   stress  mapping.   Dedicated  to   investigating  precious   cultural  artefacts  by   tomography  &   fluorescence.   Solve  small  molecule   structure  by  powder   and  single   crystal/surface   diffraction.  Focused   beam  will  allow   measuring  single  or   few  crystals  in   polycrystalline   samples.   Millisecond  time   resolution  to  capture   dynamics  and  transient   phases.   Medical  imaging:   tissue,  teeth,  bones,   and  animals.  High   resolution  &   sensitivity,  samples  up   to  centimetres.  Close   proximity  to  hospital   and  full  involvement  of   medical  faculty  &  and   bio-­‐medical  industry.   Solve  the  most   challenging  protein   structures  membranes,   ribosome,  …  )  using   micron  sized  crystals.   These  are  much  easier   to  produce,  but  cannot   be  analysed  today.   Fully  exploits  MAX  IV   advantages   (brightness)  

                                           

Driven by  the  Danish   community.  Is  on  a  top   position  of  the  roadmap  for   Danish  research   infrastructure.  In  particular   the  imaging  part  will  be   state-­‐of-­‐the-­‐art  and  attract   users  worldwide.     Large  potential  for  use  by   National  Heritage  Boards  of   Scandinavian  and  Baltic   countries  

Existing international  user   community  from  particular   in  DK.  Large  user  base  for   diffraction  in  Scandinavia.    

Will offer  state-­‐of-­‐the-­‐art   facilities  combined  with   large  local  expertize  on   biological  imaging.  Will   attract  users  worldwide.  

Will be  world  leading  BL  and   attract  users  worldwide.  

20 /  37  


Micro-­‐focus spectroscopy  XAS  and   XAFS  in  the  difficult   but  relevant  "tender"   X-­‐ray  range  (2-­‐5keV)   for  light  elements  (Si,   P,  S,  Na,  …)  in   environmental,  geo,   materials  science.    

Will be  state-­‐of-­‐the-­‐art  and   attract  users  worldwide.   Only  few  BLs  exist  in  this   difficult  spectral  region.  

Tender X-­‐ray   2015-­‐ 2019-­‐ 19   spectroscopy   2017   2020   Phase  III:  Expand  to  new  communities  and  open  to  emerging  fields   20   Phase  III_1   2019   2022   The  science  cases  for  these  BLs  are  not  yet  developed.   21   Phase  III_2   2019   2022   They  must  be  based  on  the  needs  of  the  scientific   22   Phase  III_3   2020   2023   community  and  the  possibilities  in  ca.  2020.   These  BLs  leave  room  for  MAX  IV  to  be  world  leading   23   Phase  III_4   2020   2023   beyond  2020.   24   Phase  III_5   2021   2024   The  BL  will  take  into  account  the  development  of  both   25   Phase  III_6   2021   2024   ESS  &  SVS  and  will  depend  on  international  partners.   Figure  3:  Straw-­‐man  suit  listing  beamlines  which  would  realize  the  full  potential  of  the  MAX  IV  initial   investment  as  a  regional  facility  reaching  its  capacity  by  2026.  

5.2.3 Phase  II  beamlines   The  Phase  II  process  was  started  in  December  2012  and  has  led  to  an  application  for   funding  to  Vetenskapsrådet  (2013-­‐03-­‐26),  which  is  anchored  in  the  scientific   community,  ranked  by  the  Scientific  Advisory  Committee  (SAC)  and  approved  by  the   Board.8     The  Phase  IIa  application  requests  funding  for:   1.)  Transfer  package  (75  MSEK)   2.)  CoSAXS  beamline  (98.5  MSEK)   3.)  Softi-­‐MAX  beamline  (94.84  MSEK)     These  were  selected  from  9  proposals,  which  were  extracted  from  the  sketches  in   the  Strategic  Plan  2012-­‐2020  [see  note  7].  The  interaction  with  the  user  community   was  intense,  but  limited  by  the  short  notice  (December  2012  –  March  2013).  Partial   funding  of  15  MSEK  for  the  transfer  package  was  granted  by  KAW  in  May  2013.     Work  for  the  Phase  IIb  application  is  presently  on-­‐going.  It  consists  of  a  series  of   workshops,  leading  to  presentations  at  the  2013  Users  Meeting.  In  the  continued   process  the  results  of  these  workshops  will  be  cast  into  beamline  proposals  to  be   ranked  and  submitted  to  the  funders.   5.2.4 Selection  process  for  Phase  IIb  and  Phase  III  beamlines   Selecting  the  right  beamlines  is  crucial  for  the  success  of  a  facility.  It  requires  intense   and  open  communication  between  the  scientists  proposing  a  beamline,  the   laboratory  managing  the  facility  and  the  funders  providing  the  resources.  It  also                                                                                                                   8

Application  Research  Equipment  Grant  to  Vetenskapsrådet/The  Swedish  Research  Council,  Research   infrastructures,  MAX  IV  Phase  IIa  Beamlines,  VR  No  2013-­‐44950-­‐102300-­‐94.   Strategy  Plan  MAX  IV  Laboratory_August  23_2013           Dnr  MAX  2013/95  

                                           

21 /  37  


always requires  hard  choices  because  resources  (money,  people,  time)  are  limited   and  not  every  proposal  can  be  realized.       Decisions  have  to  be  based  on  scientific  excellence,  availability  of  resources,  and   strategic  arguments.  We  propose  the  following  scheme  for  the  selection  process:     1. Science  Case   Scientists  are  invited  to  suggest  a  Science  Case.  For  this  they  provide  the  MAX  IV   Science  Director  with  an  informal  document  answering  the  relevant  questions:   o What  shall  be  done?   o Why  is  this  important?   o Who  will  be  using  the  beamline?   o How  shall  it  be  realized  technically?   MAX  IV  analyses  the  Science  Case,  assigns  a  responsible  and  assists  the  proposers  in   organizing  a  workshop  at  which  the  following  issues  are  discussed:   o Scientific  case   o User  case   o International  status  of  the  field   o Technical  issues   o Possible  funding  from  industry,  international  partners,  etc.     As  an  output  of  the  workshop  the  scientists  deliver  a  short  workshop  report  to  the   Science  Director  summarizing  the  workshop  and  updating  their  proposal.  This   includes  a  list  of  people  able  to  work  on  the  project  in  the  future.   This  step  has  already  been  done  for  some  of  the  science  cases  related  to  Phase  II.     2. Beamline  Case   MAX  IV  receives  the  input  from  all  workshops  (at  present  8  +  FEL).  In  order  to   maximize  the  scientific  output  and  to  minimize  the  use  of  resources,  MAX  IV  makes  a   suggestion  how  to  map  the  suggested  Science  Cases  to  Beamline  Cases.  This   suggestion  takes  into  account  technical  aspects,  the  size  of  the  user  community,  and   resources.  It  may  lead  to  combining  several  Scientific  Cases  into  a  single  Beamline   Case  or  to  splitting  a  Science  Case  to  several  Beamline  Cases.     This  suggestion  is  presented  to  the  user  community,  typically  at  the  users  meeting,   where  input  is  requested.  Based  on  this  MAX  IV  makes  the  final  list  of  Beamline   Proposals,  which  for  every  proposal  assigns  a  Beamline  Spokesperson  and  a  list  of   collaborators.     3. Beamline  proposal   The  beamline  proposal  is  worked  out  by  the  responsible  and  the  collaborators  with   the  support  and  guidance  of  MAX  IV.  It  is  submitted  to  MAX  IV.   It  contains:   I. Scientific  case   II. User  case   III. International  status  of  the  field   IV. Technical  design  suggestions   Strategy  Plan  MAX  IV  Laboratory_August  23_2013           Dnr  MAX  2013/95  

                                           

22 /  37  


V. Budget and  time  plan   VI. Possible  funding  from  industry,  international  partners,  etc.  

4. Beamline  ranking  and  selection   All  Beamline  Proposals,  together  with  a  preliminary  assessment,  are  submitted  to   the  MAX  IV  Scientific  Advisory  Committee  (SAC),  the  University  Reference  Group   (URG),  and  the  MAX  IV  Industrial  Network  Group  (MING)  by  the  MAX  IV   Management.   • URG  comments  on  the  relevance  in  terms  of  the  strategic  plans  of  the   universities.     • MING  comments  on  the  Industrial  Relevance  in  terms  of  size  of  the  user   community,  international  competition  and  any  aspects  that  would   increase  the  beamline’s  attractiveness  for  industry.     • The  MAX  IV  management  reviews  the  advice  and  recommendations  on   Beamline  Proposals  by  the  URG  and  MING,  analyses  them  with  respect  to   the  available  resources,  synergy  effects  and  the  strategy  agreed  upon   with  the  MAX  IV  stakeholders.  It  makes  a  preliminary  ranking  of  the   proposals.  This  suggestion  is  presented  to  the  SAC.   • SAC  comments  the  ranking  and  selection  proposed  by  the  management.   The  SAC  comments  are  based  on   o 1)  Scientific  excellence   o 2)  Size  and  impact  of  the  users  community  (academic  and   industrial)   o 3)  Technical  feasibility   o 4)  Status  of  the  international  competition   The  comments  explicitly  address       o A)  A  recommendation  to  build  the  beamline  or  not   o B)  Advice  on  the  ranking  of  all  Beamline  Proposals  suggested  by   the  management   • After  the  SAC  comments,  the  MAX  IV  management  reviews  all  input  on   Beamline  Proposals  by  the  SAC,  URG  and  MING  and  makes  the  final   ranking  of  the  proposals.       5. Beamline  application   The  MAX  IV  management  submits  the  final  ranked  list  of  beamlines  to  the  MAX  IV   Board,  which  checks  its  compliance  with  the  strategy  and  its  feasibility  and   authorizes  an  application  to  one  or  more  of  the  funding  agencies.  All  decisions  as   well  as  all  written  advice  from  the  various  parties  involved  in  the  beamline  selection   process  will  be  accessible  to  the  scientific  community  and  stakeholders.  MAX  IV   prepares  the  application  and  submits  it  according  to  the  rules  of  the  specific  funder.     6. Beamline  project   Upon  approval  of  full  funding  the  beamline  becomes  a  Beamline  Project.  MAX  IV   assigns  a  Beamline  Project  Manager  (either  from  existing  MAX  IV  staff,  or  from  the   user  community,  or  it  recruits  a  person).  This  person  becomes  member  of  the   Beamline  Project  Office  (BPO),  which  coordinates  the  building  of  all  beamlines  at   MAX  IV.  MAX  IV  receives  the  full  funding  and  takes  responsibility  to  build  and   Strategy  Plan  MAX  IV  Laboratory_August  23_2013           Dnr  MAX  2013/95  

                                           

23 /  37  


operate the  beamline  and  for  its  safety.  During  the  design  and  building  process  the   Beamline  Project  Manager  and  the  MAX  IV  Management  are  in  close  contact  with   the  Beamline  Spokesperson  and  the  collaborators.   5.2.5 Individual  applications  vs.  Funding  Frame   Depending  on  the  funding  situation  there  are  different  scenarios  for  how  often   Science  Cases  are  selected  and  Beamline  Applications  are  submitted.     I. If  MAX  IV  succeeds  in  obtaining  a  funding  frame  financing  the  construction  of   some  3-­‐5  beamlines  over  a  period  of  5-­‐7  years,  such  a  process  will  happen  at   the  beginning  of  such  a  cycle.  At  this  point  MAX  IV  Laboratory  would  likely   take  a  decision  for  the  first  2  years  (2-­‐3  beamlines)  and  repeat  the  process   after  two  years  to  always  be  open  for  new  opportunities  such  as  changes  in   science  or  funding  using  the  process  described  in  section  5.2.4.         It  would  give  great  flexibility  to  the  facility  and  allow  staging  the  building  of   beamlines  with  the  goal  of  maximizing  the  output  for  given  resources.  In   particular  it  would  allow  opening  MAX  IV  to  new  and  emerging  communities,   not  having  the  users  base  to  beat  all  other  projects  in  direct  competition.  It   will  also  allow  making  optimum  use  of  international  contributions,  which  may   amount  to  only  a  fraction  of  a  beamline.     II. If  no  funding  frame  is  available,  then  MAX  IV  will  submit  individual   applications  to  all  relevant  funders  whenever  calls  are  open.  It  will  result  in   many  applications,  some  of  which  may  be  overlapping  (same  project  to   several  funders)  or  depending  on  one  another  (parts  of  the  same  project  to   several  funders).     Clearly  the  later  case  is  undesirable  for  the  community  and  the  facility.  Thus  MAX  IV   will  increase  its  efforts  to  negotiate  some  kind  of  funding  frame  with  its  funders.   5.2.6 Swedish  High  energy  beamline  at  PETRA  III   PETRA  III  is  an  ideal  complement  to  MAX  IV,  providing  better  performance  above   circa  35  keV.  The  Swedish  beamline  P219  at  PETRA  III  will  offer  valuable   opportunities  for  hard  materials  (metals,  ceramics),  thick  samples  and  pair   distribution  function  (PDF)  work.     At  present  the  design  of  P21  is  coordinated  by  the  Röntgen-­‐Ångström  Cluster  (RAC)   and  not  at  all  coordinated  with  the  activities  at  MAX  IV.  Coordination  would  be  of   advantage  for  all  of  X-­‐ray  science  in  Sweden.  MAX  IV  is  willing  to  play  a  role  in  this   beamline,  but  would  need  a  mandate  and  possibly  additional  resources  to  do  so.       The  coordination  should  continue  into  the  operation  phase  to  maximize  the  output   and  the  obvious  synergies.  Such  coordination  by  MAX  IV  would  also  result  in  a  closer   relation  between  MAX  IV  and  DESY  (Petra  III)  thus  fulfilling  and  important  goal  of  the   RAC  and  the  MoU  between  the  Swedish  and  German  governments.                                                                                                                   9

P21  Bl  at  PETRA  III:  http://petra3-­‐extension.desy.de/e84814/e86693/  

Strategy Plan  MAX  IV  Laboratory_August  23_2013           Dnr  MAX  2013/95  

                                           

24 /  37  


5.3 Phase II  accelerator   In  order  to  stay  competitive  on  the  international  scene  the  accelerator  and  its  team   need  an  ambitious  but  realistic  development  program.  A  strong  accelerator  physics   program  was  a  major  reason  for  the  successful  MAX  IV  ideas  and  design.  However   for  the  first  years  (<2018)  the  full  attention  must  be  given  to  attain  the  relevant   specifications  for  user  operation:   o Emittance  <  0.3  nmrad   o Current  stability  <  0.5  %  (using  top-­‐up)   o Availability  >98%   o Current  >300  mA   o SPF:  repetition  rate  =  100Hz  (FemtoMAX  beamline)     The  following  upgrade  goals  are  suggested:     The  introduction  of  some  20  insertion  devices  will  automatically  reduce  the   ring  emittance  to  approximately  0.15-­‐0.2  nm  rad.  Reducing  the  emittance   even  further  by  lattice  improvements  should  be  investigated.   o Coupling  reduction  will  increase  brilliance  and  coherence  even  further   o Improved  electron  beam  stability   o Filling  pattern  development   For  many  time  resolved  experiments  a  hybrid  (cam-­‐shaft)  filling  pattern  is   necessary.  At  the  1.5  GeV  ring  this  would  for  example  allow  the  use  of  TOF   analysers  for  atomic  and  molecular  physics  and  for  electron  spectroscopy   (AR-­‐TOF).     Any  such  upgrade  program  will  require  both  a  financial  budget  and  dedicated   machine  shifts.  

5.4 MAX FEL   FEL’s  are  a  very  important  and  dynamic  field  of  photon  science.  The  FEL´s  now  being   planned  and  constructed  will  pave  the  way  for  the  next  generation  of  photon-­‐based   science  in  terms  of  the  Fourier  transform  limited  longitudinal  coherence,  fs  pulses   and  diffraction-­‐limited  radiation  offered  by  these  sources.  Sweden  is  a  major  player   at  LCLS  and  the  European  XFEL  and  there  is  a  sizable  user  community  as  well  as   knowhow  in  accelerator  physics.     A  FEL  has  been  an  option  for  the  MAX  IV  design  since  the  beginning  and  the  basic   investment  (LINAC,  SPF,  infrastructure)  has  already  been  done.  Placing  a  Swedish  FEL   at  MAX  IV  and  thus  complementing  the  high  performance  rings  and  beamlines  at   MAX  IV  is  a  natural  and  cost-­‐effective  way  of  opening  up  both  doors  of  tomorrow’s   science,  which  rests  on  temporal  and  geometrically  optimized  sources.  Moreover,   this  would  make  use  of  synergies  with:  a.)  the  Lund  Laser  Center  b.)  the  storage  rings   c.)  the  support  laboratories  and  infrastructure  in  SVS  and  d.)  ESS.     After  being  pushed  by  the  user  community  the  SAC  has  evaluated  the  possibility  of   building  a  FEL  in  the  existing  building  very  soon  (start  circa  2014).  The   recommendation  was  NOT  to  do  this.  The  reason  being  that  in  this  case  the  FEL   Strategy  Plan  MAX  IV  Laboratory_August  23_2013           Dnr  MAX  2013/95  

                                           

25 /  37  


would not  be  competitive  in  terms  of  flux  and  that  seeding,  which  is  considered  a   must  for  a  future  FEL,  would  not  be  possible  due  to  length  limitations.  Instead  the   SAC  recommended  working  towards  a  full  FEL  in  the  future.   Current  ideas  suggest  that  the  future  FEL  would  have  5-­‐6  GeV  energy,  requiring  circa   350  meters  additional  length  (200  meters  accelerator,  150  meters  IDs  and   experiment)  and  cost  of  order  900  MSEK10.     The  MAX  IV  Laboratory  team  in  collaboration  with  Swedish  universities  will  continue   working  towards  the  FEL  by  assembling  a.)  the  user  and  science  case  and  b.)  the   technical  design.  These  should  be  completed  by  the  end  of  2016,  which  would  allow   an  application  for  funding  in  2017  and  start  of  operation  circa  2022  (1a  planning  +  2a   building  +  2a  installation  and  commissioning).  

5.5 Internationalization Internationalizing  MAX  IV  is  a  top  priority.   It  is  the  way  to  exploit  the  full  potential  of  the  large  initial  Swedish  investment  and   get  a  better  and  more  complete  facility.  It  would  provide  financial  contributions  to   both  future  investment  and  operation.  It  is  attractive  to  partner  countries  because  it   gives  them  access  to  a  world  leading  facility  for  moderate  cost  and  being  partner  will   provide  long-­‐term  stability  for  their  research  programs  and  influence  on  the  future   strategy.  It  will  also  create  kickback  by  cooperation  in  education  and  instrument   building  as  well  as  by  in-­‐kind  contributions.     It  is  advantageous  for  the  Swedish  scientific  community  because  it  provides  a  more   complete  and  better-­‐equipped  facility  and  more  long-­‐term  stability.  In  addition  it  will   attract  top  brains  to  Sweden.     If  internationalization  does  not  happen,  Sweden  will  focus  its  resources  on  Swedish   research,  thus  reducing  access  for  non-­‐Swedish  users.  This  would  lead  to  an   incomplete  facility  and  less  international  users  and  collaborations.  Both  are  bad  for   the  progress  of  science.     Internationalization  can  and  will  be  organized  in  a  way  that  Swedish  researchers  also   profit  from  it.     MAX  IV  will  do  whatever  possible  to  support  internationalization,  but  the  initiative   resides  with  the  Swedish  Ministry  for  Education  and  Research,  who  has  the  authority   and  the  means  to  drive  the  issue.   5.5.1 Status  &  milestones  of  the  internationalization   Internationalization  of  MAX  IV  has  been  part  of  the  project  plan  since  the  beginning.   The  international  perspective  was  mentioned,  for  example,  already  in  the  agreement   2010  between  Lund  University,  VR  and  VINNOVA  [see  §  6.2  in  the                                                                                                                   10

This  is  a  very  rough  estimate  assuming:  175  MSEK  for  extending  the  LINAC  tunnel,  150  MSEK  for  the   acceleration  up  to  5-­‐6  GeV,  150  MSEK  for  undulators,  125  MSEK  for  the  experimental  hall,  50  MSEK   for  a  laser  lab,  and  250  MSEK  for  two  FEL  based  beamlines.  

Strategy Plan  MAX  IV  Laboratory_August  23_2013           Dnr  MAX  2013/95  

                                           

26 /  37  


Överenskommelse/Agreement https://www.maxlab.lu.se/strategy_report].  Status   and  outlook  are  as  follows:   • 2013-­‐06-­‐18/19:   Workshop  “MAX  IV  –  Future  Opportunities”  was  held  at   the  site.  Official  delegations  representing  the  ministries,   research  councils  and  scientists  from  Denmark,  Estonia,   Finland,  Norway  and  Poland  were  present.   • 2013-­‐06-­‐28:   Official  invitation  from  Katarina  Bjelke  (Division  for   Research  Policy,  Swedish  Ministry  of  Education  and   Research)  for  bilateral  discussions  sent  to  Denmark,   Estonia,  Finland,  Norway,  and  Poland.   • 2013-­‐Oct  &  Nov:   Bilateral  negotiations  planned     • 2013-­‐11-­‐27/28:   International  conference  Joint  Nordic  Focus  on   Research  Infrastructures  -­‐  Looking  to  the  Future  in   Stockholm.  Organized  by  the  Nordic  Council  of   Ministers,  the  Swedish  Ministry  of  Education  and   Research,  NordForsk  and  the  Swedish  Research  Council,   this  conference  is  an  opportunity  to  continue   negotiations  and  possibly  to  sign  a  Letter  of  Intent.   • 2014-­‐Jan  &  Feb:   Sweden  presents  a  proposal  to  the  potential  partners   outlining  the  structure  of  partnership  in  MAX  IV.   • 2014-­‐Mar  –  Jun:     Multinational  negotiations  on  partnership   • 2015:       First  financial  commitments  by  partners   • 2016:       Changing  MAX  IV  governance  structure  to           accommodate  partners.   • 2016-­‐Jul:       Partners  use  MAX  IV  and  contribute  to  its  cost         alongside  their  Swedish  colleagues.  

5.6 Synergies: ESS  –  SVS  –  MAX  IV   For  exploiting  the  full  potential  of  MAX  IV  a  close  collaboration  with  the  future   European  Spallation  Source  (ESS)  and  with  Science  Village  Scandinavia  (SVS)  is   essential.   • Synergies  in  research  and  education   It  will  allow  realizing  synergies  such  as  joint  research  programs,  user  consortia  and   support  laboratories  in  the  important  fields  of  structural  biology,  materials   engineering,  soft  matter  and  nano-­‐composites  and  energy  materials.  When  including   LU  and  other  universities  it  will  enable  creation  of  a  joint  theory  group,  workshops   and  hopefully  a  research  school  in  Materials  Science  using  X-­‐rays  and  Neutrons.   • Synergies  in  instrumentation  and  technology   MAX  IV  and  ESS  use  similar  cutting  edge  technology  in  many  areas.  Collaborating  will   allow  achieving  better  output  with  the  same  resources.  This  is  particularly  true  in  the   field  of  data  management  and  analysis.  Here  ESS  is  presently  setting  up  the  Data   Management  Center  Copenhagen  (DMSC).  Together  with  the  Swedish  National   Infrastructure  for  Computing  (SNIC)  these  are  very  good  platforms  to  acquire,  store   and  analyse  the  vast  amounts  of  data,  which  MAX  IV  will  produce.      

Strategy Plan  MAX  IV  Laboratory_August  23_2013           Dnr  MAX  2013/95  

                                           

27 /  37  


• "L+'*&!O3L+#!3V!K3+#%K#! ,-.(/0(K$6("K%($G2B"B3+("3(K$O%($(6B+&*%(E3GG3+(H3B+"(3N(E3+"$E"(PB"K(R!!(*3E$"%C( HK'6BE$**'(B+("K%(E%+"%#(3N(!0!@(JKB6(6K35*C(E3GH#B6%(23"K(HK'6BE$*(E3+"$E"6(65EK($6( "K%(#%E%H"B3+(N3#(56%#6V(OB6B"3#(E%+"%#;G56%5GV(E3+"#3*(#33GV(6KBHHB+&(T(#%E%BOB+&( %"E@(/"(6K$**(2%(E3GH*%G%+"%C(2'($(OB#"5$*(E3+"$E"(H3B+"](=B&B"$*(56%#6(3NNBE%V( K$#G3+BU%C(E$**6(N3#(H#3H36$*6V(P%26B"%6(%"E@( JK%(N%$6B2B*B"'(3N($(X3B+"(B+C56"#B$*(*B$B63+(3NNBE%(d/1ae(6K$**(2%(6"5CB%C@( • jP$S*&T!#3!K33O&$%#L3+! `33H%#$"B3+(B6(B+(H#$E"BE%(KB+C%#%C(2'("KB+&6(*B[%("K%(3#&$+BU$"B3+(dR!!](G5*"B+$"B3+$*( 3#&$+BU$"B3+V(,-.(/0](+$"B3+$*(*$2(K36"%C(2'(1ZeV(CBNN%#%+"("BG%(6E$*%(dB+$5&5#$"B3+]( 79:L(d,-.(/0eV(79:>;79(dR!!eeV(&#%%+(NB%*C(6B"%(dR!!e(O6@("#$CB"B3+$*(*$2(d,-.(/0e@(( HB9B6 )$L3$L#L&T!V3$!"0"! ,-.(/0(K$6("K%(N3**3PB+&(H#B3#B"B%6(B"(P$+"6("3(#%$*BU%(B+(!0!]( )52*BE("#$+6H3#"( F3#(56%#6(T(6"$NNV(9<]99I7:]99V(<(C$'6;P%%[( k5%6"(Q356%( !BGH*%(25"(N5+E"B3+$*(B+E*5CB+&($(GB+BG5G($G35+"(3N(E$"%#B+&( 1Z(C%H$#"G%+"( JKB6(P35*C(&#%$"*'(6"#%+&"K%+("K%(A#5++6KY&(6B"%($+C($EKB%O%($(E#B"BE$*( G3OB+&("3( G$66@(/"(6K35*C(B+E*5C%($(*$23#$"3#'(25B*CB+&($+C($(*%E"5#%(K$**@( A#5++6KY&( JK%(HK'6BE6(C%H$#"G%+"(PB"K("K%(15+C(1$6%#(`%+"%#(B6($(+$"5#$*(E$+CBC$"%@( ,%%"B+&(#33G( `$N%"%#B$V(#%6"$5#$+"V(E3NN%%(H*$E%( 0B6B"3#(E%+"%#(;( J3($""#$E"("K%(&%+%#$*(H52*BE($+C(%6H%EB$**'(EKB*C#%+V("K%(N5"5#%(&%+%#$"B3+( G56%5G( 3N(6EB%+"B6"6( !5HH3#"( ,$+'(6'+EK#3"#3+(%\H%#BG%+"6(#%^5B#%($CCB"B3+$*(EK$#$E"%#BU$"B3+(2%N3#%( *$23#$"3#B%6( 3#(C5#B+&("K%(2%$G"BG%(d%*%E"#3+(GBE#36E3H'V(E%**(2B3*3&'V(H#3"%B+( E#'6"$**BU$"B3+V(E$"$*'"BE(#%$E"B3+6V(KB&K(H#%665#%V(ge@( JK%6%(H#B3#B"B%6($#%(E3+6B6"%+"(PB"K("K%(+%%C6(3N(R!!@(JK%'(6K35*C(2%(#%$*BU%C(B+( E3**$23#$"B3+@(J3&%"K%#(R!!($+C(,-.(/0(E$+(3O%#E3G%("K%(2$##B%#("3(6"$#"("K%( HK'6BE$*(E3+6"#5E"B3+(P3#[("3P$#C6(!0!@( HB9B4 "0"!#LN&!O*%+ J3(2%(#%$C'(PK%+(,-.(/0(6"$#"6(3H%#$"B3+V("K%(H*$++B+&(P3#[(K$6("3(6"$#"(+3P@(c%( $+"BEBH$"%("K%(N3**3PB+&(6EK%C5*%(N3#("KB6(P3#[@(

UL'P$&!EX!:LN&!O*%+!V3$!2PL*SL+'!PO!#W&!,-.!/0!$&*%#&S!O$L3$L#L&T!%#!"0"B!:WLT!#LN& O*%+!+&'*&K#T!#WL+'T!*LR&! 3P#T#%#L3+T!e%K%S&NLK!%+S!L+SPT#$L%*fF!dWLKW!%$&!L+!#W&!VP**!L+#&$&T#!3V!,-.!/0F!2P#!2&(3+S!L#T!K3+#$3*B!

!"#$"%&'()*$+(,-.(/0(1$23#$"3#'4-5&56"(78479:8((((( =+#(,-.(79:8;>?(

(((((((((((((((((((((( (

7D(;(8<


5.7 Industry –  Innovation  –  Education   5.7.1 Industry   MAX  IV  Laboratory  is  committed  to  actively  engage  with  industry,  and  serve  its   needs,  by  providing  tailored  solutions  and  reliable  access  to  brilliant  synchrotron  X-­‐ ray  sources.   Industrial  liaison  work  can  be  divided  into  service  oriented  activities,  i.e.  providing   access  to  its  synchrotron  X-­‐ray  sources  to  industrial  clients,  and  all  other  activities  in   collaboration  with  the  private  sector,  e.g.  innovation,  patenting,  technology  transfer   etc.     Service-­‐oriented  activities  here  refer  to  access  to  synchrotron  X-­‐ray  instruments   through  proprietary  beam  time  (commercially  purchased),  not  industrial-­‐academic   partnerships  accessing  the  facilities  through  normal  peer-­‐reviewed  public  access   modes.         Currently  the  largest  use  of  SXR  by  industry  is  in  the  fields  of  pharmaceuticals  (MX),   followed  by  chemical  industries  (EXAFS,  SAXS),  and  a  wide  spectrum  of  industries   using  (high-­‐resolution)  powder  diffraction  and  other  capabilities.  This  situation  is  not   likely  to  change  with  the  only  exception  of  imaging  techniques,  in  which  the  low   emittance  of  MAX  IV  will  open  new  frontiers.     To  increase  industrial  use  of  SR  MAX  IV  will  focus  on:   • Raising  awareness  of  what  its  facilities  can  offer   • Training  industrial  users  by  hands-­‐on  courses  (see  also  5.7.2.1)   • Optimizing  modes  of  access  (time-­‐scales,  turn-­‐around  time)   • Offering  a  single  point  of  access  together  with  ESS  to  realize  synergies  (see   also  5.6)   • Listening  to  and  accommodating  the  needs  of  industry  in  terms  of  assistance   during  experiments,  data  reduction  and  interpretation   • Establishing  the  MAX  IV  Industrial  Network  Group  (MING)  to  advise  on  all   aspects  of  commercial  use  ranging  from  access  modes  to  experimental   infrastructures,  support  labs  and  selection  of  beamlines  (see  also  5.2.4)   • Supporting  the  existing  as  well  as  new  emerging  mediator  companies,  which   provide  specialized  service  to  industrial  companies  in  a  way  that  MAX  IV  can   and  should  not  compete  with   • Providing  commercial  service  directly  through  the  ILO  for  specific   experiments  and  where  no  mediator  companies  exist   • Developing  partnership  agreements  with  complementary  facilities  in  areas   not  covered  by  beamlines  at  MAX  IV  (e.g.  P21  at  PETRA  III,  ESRF,  DTU  Imaging   portal,  ESS,  …)  with  the  aim  of  passing  industrial  clients  onwards     • Actively  seek  operational  co-­‐funding  for  investment  (parts  of  beamlines,   dedicated  sample  environment,  detectors)  in  return  for  privileged  and   guaranteed  access  modes     The  goal  is  product-­‐oriented  service  by  offering  tailored  solutions  (preparation,   execution  and  interpretation  of  experiments)  either  by  referring  clients  to  mediator   companies  surrounding  MAX  IV  or  through  the  ILO  at  MAX  IV  itself.     Strategy  Plan  MAX  IV  Laboratory_August  23_2013           Dnr  MAX  2013/95  

                                           

29 /  37  


The pricing  of  the  access  to  beamtime  will  be  competitive  with  other  synchrotron  X-­‐ ray  facilities  (e.g.  ESRF  €3  600/8h  shift  excl.  VAT).     The  ambition  is  to  increase  the  direct  commercial  exploitation  of  MAX  IV  to  a  level  of   ≈5  %  of  the  user  shifts  at  full  operation  in  2020,  thereby  generating  additional   revenue  of  around  10-­‐20  MSEK  annually.   5.7.2 Education  &  outreach   Education  and  outreach  are  fundamental  issues  for  MAX  IV  Laboratory  to  fulfil  its   mission  of  providing  service  to  new  communities  and  partner  states  and  to   disseminate  its  results  into  the  public.  MAX  IV  Laboratory  must  take  an  active  role  in   educating  academic  users  as  well  as  in  reaching  out  to  the  general  public.   5.7.2.1 Academic  education   MAX  IV  Laboratory  has  a  strong  tradition  of  providing  support  to  academic   education,  which  must  be  preserved  in  the  future.  Training  students  all  the  way  from   undergraduate  to  the  post-­‐graduate  level  is  an  important  tool  for  broadening  the   user  base  and  bringing  synchrotron  radiation  as  a  tool  to  new  communities.  MAX  IV   should  continue  to  have  an  open  door  policy  regarding  support  for  university   courses,  projects,  visits  and  PhD  students.     At  present  some  MAX  IV  Laboratory  employees  hold  formal  academic  appointments   at  LU  and  thus  give  lectures  and  supervise  students  on  all  levels.  Reversely  for   instance  the  LU  academic  department  MAX  N-­‐Fak  has  several  members  who   significantly  contribute  to  the  strength  of  the  MAX  I-­‐III  and  MAX  IV  projects.     For  the  future  it  must  be  the  goal  that  the  very  successful  model  of  collaboration   between  MAX  IV  and  LU  be  extended  to  include  all  Swedish  and  other  universities.   This  requires  that  possibilities  be  created  for  formal  dual  affiliation  of  MAX  IV   Laboratory  staff  at  Swedish  and  possibly  other  universities.       Temporary  staff  like  postdocs  shall  be  educated  so  that  they  find  appropriate   positions  after  leaving  the  laboratory.  This  necessitates  own  research  as  well  as   dedicated  training  through  the  permanent  staff.     Future  actions:   • Continue  a  proactive  collaboration  with  all  Swedish  universities  ensuring  high   quality  education  and  supervision  of  students  on  all  levels.   • Expand  hands-­‐on  training  courses  focused  on  a  particular  field  or  technique   for  newcomers  (students,  experienced  staff,  industry)  in  collaboration  with   the  users  and  Swedish  universities.     These  courses  shall  provide  theoretical  background,  practical  training  on  the   beamline  and  data  analysis.  At  the  end  of  the  course  scientists  shall  be  able   to  write  an  application  for  beamtime,  do  a  standard  experiment  with  the   support  of  the  local  staff  and  analyse  and  publish  the  results.   This  will  be  particularly  important  for  emerging  communities  and  techniques.   • Expand  joint  appointments  of  MAX  IV  staff  with  Swedish  and  other   universities.   Strategy  Plan  MAX  IV  Laboratory_August  23_2013           Dnr  MAX  2013/95  

                                           

30 /  37  


?-(&0.$>28+.)2>*.$"+-()@)-*"#2$./) J3(6H#%$C(6EB%+"BNBE(#%65*"6($+C("3(B+E#%$6%("K%(5+C%#6"$+CB+&(N3#("K%(#3*%(3N(6EB%+E%( B+("3C$'r6(63EB%"'(,-.(/0(1$23#$"3#'(6K$**($E"BO%*'($CC#%66("K%(&%+%#$*(H52*BE(3+($**( *%O%*6@(!H%EB$*($""%+"B3+(6K$**(2%(&BO%+("3(EKB*C#%+(PK3(GB&K"(2%E3G%("K%(6EB%+"B6"6( 3N("K%(N5"5#%@( 9:;:<:<

F5"5#%($E"B3+6]( • -E"BO%*'(P3#[("3(B+N3#G("K%(&%+%#$*(H52*BE("K#35&K($**(G%CB$(EK$++%*6@( • `3+"B+5%(3NN%#B+&(&5BC%C("35#6("3(6K3P("K%(5+B^5%(#%6%$#EK(N$EB*B"B%6($+C("K%( #%$*B"'(3N($(6EB%+"BNBE(B+6"B"5"%@( • `3+"B+5%($+C(%\H$+C($E"BOB"B%6(N3#(6EK33*(EKB*C#%+(B+(v&#5+C6[3*$($+C( &'G+$6B5Gw($+C($CCB"B3+$*("#$B+B+&(N3#("%$EK%#6(B+(v&'G+$6B5Gw@( • `33#CB+$"%(35"#%$EK(PB"K(!P%CB6K($+C(3"K%#(5+BO%#6B"B%6V(R!!($+C(!0!@( • A5B*C($+C(3H%#$"%($(6BGH*%(OB6B"3#(E%+"%#($"("K%(+%P(,-.(/0(6B"%(2'(79:?@( • )56K(N3#($(*$#&%#(OB6B"3#(E%+"%#(3#($(N5**(6EB%+E%(G56%5G(d0$""%+K$**%+V( R\H*3#$"3#B5G("'H%e("3&%"K%#(PB"K(1Z($+C(H366B2*'(3"K%#(5+BO%#6B"B%6V(R!!($+C( !0!@(

HBI A[&$%**!:LN&!)*%+!

FB&5#%(?(6K3P6("K%(3O%#$**("BG%(H*$+(%+OB6$&%C(N3#("K%(,-.(/0(N$EB*B"'@(cB"K("KB6(H*$+( ,-.(/0(#%$EK%6(N5**(E$H$EB"'(B+(797LV(:9('%$#6($N"%#(B+$5&5#$"B3+V("K%#%2'(G$[B+&( 3H"BG5G(56%(3N("K%(*$#&%(B+B"B$*(B+O%6"G%+"(B+("K%(2$6BE(N$EB*B"'@( JK%(E#B"BE$*(6"%H6(6"%%#B+&("K%(25B*CI5H($#%("K%($HH*BE$"B3+6(N3#(2%$G*B+%6()K$6%(//2( d79:MeV()K$6%(///(d79:De($+C(N3#("K%(FR1(79:L;:<@( JKB6(3O%#$**("BG%(H*$+(PB**($**3P(#%$*BUB+&("K%(6'+%#&B%6(PB"K(R!!V(PKBEK(B6(%\H%E"B+&( "3(#%E%BO%(:6"(+%5"#3+6($#35+C(79:>@(

UL'P$&!HX!A[&$%**!#LN&!O*%+!&+[LTL3+&S!V3$!S&[&*3OL+'!#W&!VP*!O3#&+#L%*!3V!,-.!/0!P+#L*!4549!

JKB6("BG%(H*$+(B6($G2B"B356(25"(#%$*B6"BE@(J3(BGH*%G%+"(B"(PB**(#%^5B#%(+3"(3+*'("K%( 65HH3#"(3N("K%(N5**(!P%CB6K(E3GG5+B"'V(25"($*63(B+"%#+$"B3+$*(H$#"+%#6KBH($6( CB6E566%C(B+(EK$H"%#(?@?@(

!"#$"%&'()*$+(,-.(/0(1$23#$"3#'4-5&56"(78479:8((((( =+#(,-.(79:8;>?(

(((((((((((((((((((((( (

8:(;(8<


6 Resources needed  to  fulfil  vision  

Our  vision  is  to  operate  the  accelerator  complex  (LINAC,  1.5  GeV  and  3  GeV  rings)   and  the  full  amount  of  25  beamlines  listed  in  the  straw  man  suit  by  2026  with  world-­‐ leading  performance  and  output.     In  the  following  we  try  to  give  an  estimate  of  the  full  cost  associated  with  fulfilling   this  vision  until  202611.   Such  an  extrapolation  is  very  difficult  and  involves  several  assumptions.  The  main   assumptions  are:12   • The  cost  of  operating  MAX  IV  can  be  divided  into:   o A  Base  Cost  covering  administration,  management,  rent,  accelerator,   etc.  300  MSEK  (of  which  salaries  amount  to  circa  115  MSEK  and  other   costs  (e.g.  rent,  electricity,  administrations  costs))  to  circa  185  MSEK)     o a  Cost  per  Beamline  built  and  operated.   • An  average  beamline  will  cost  105  MSEK  in  investment  (over  a  4  year  building   period)  plus  10.5  MSEK/annually  in  terms  of  operation  (staff,  consumables,   overhead,  upgrades  to  keep  the  beamline  and  associated  labs  competitive  for   10  years).  This  includes  5  MSEK  to  either  integrate  equipment  supplied  by   users  or  to  build  up  laboratory  capacity  related  to  the  beamline.   These  numbers  are  extracted  from  two  more  detailed  budgets  submitted  to   VR  2013-­‐03-­‐26  (MAX  IV  Operations13  and  MAX  IV  Phase  IIa  BL).   • The  three  transfer  beamlines  in  the  application  are  low  cost  in  terms  of   investment  but  have  identical  operations  cost  to  a  new  beamline.   • In  the  following  extrapolation  internationalization  is  not  explicitly  considered.   o All  cost  are  summed  up  but  part  of  these  costs  should  be  taken  by   future  Nordic  and  Baltic  partners.   o Internationalization  might  add  costs  related  to  the  formation  of  an   independent  legal  entity  (ERIC  or  similar)  and  to  becoming   independent  of  LU.  These  costs  are  not  included.  They  would  in  part   be  compensated  by  not  paying  overhead  to  LU  any  longer  (2016:  14   MSEK,  2018:  20  MSEK).   • All  costs  are  given  in  2013  prices.  Indexing  according  to  real  inflation  and   salary  development  (circa  2  %/annually)  has  to  be  added.     The  cost  crucially  depends  on  the  beamline  ramp-­‐up  plan  [Figure  2].  It  can  be   steered  by  changing  this  ramp-­‐up.  However  reducing  the  number  of  beamlines  does   not  reduce  the  Base  Cost  of  300  MSEK/annually  and  reduces  the  service  to  the   scientific  user  community.  Delaying  the  ramp  up  risks  not  taking  advantage  of  the   large  initial  investment  (circa  3  500  MSEK).                                                                                                                     11

In  the  following  the  cost  of  a  future  MAX_FEL  is  not  taken  into  account.    This  extrapolation  is  associated  with  many  assumptions,  which  may  change  over  the  long  projection   horizon  of  13  years!  It  has  to  be  taken  with  great  care  and  should  be  reevaluated  after  commencing   operation  in  2016  and  then  periodically  every  few  years.   13  Application  Operation  grant  to  Vetenskapsrådet/The  Swedish  Research  Council,  Research   infrastructures,  MAX  IV  Operations  2014  –  2018,  VR  No  2013-­‐45096-­‐102946-­‐75.   12

Strategy Plan  MAX  IV  Laboratory_August  23_2013           Dnr  MAX  2013/95  

                                           

32 /  37  


-665GB+&("K%(2%$G*B+%(#$GHI5H(&BO%+(B+(FB&5#%(7(#%65*"6(B+(B+O%6"G%+"6($6(6K3P+(B+( FB&5#%(L($+C(B+(3H%#$"B3+6(E36"($6(&BO%+(B+(FB&5#%(<@(

%-3(45*(-5$6745$'84$9!:;<=$ 2/.! 2..! 1/.! 1..! 0/.! 0..! /.! .!

1.02! 1.03! 1.0/! 1.04! 1.05! 1.06! 1.07! 1.1.! 1.10! 1.11! 1.12! 1.13! 1.1/! 1.14!

<=(-&!88(!>;;*+9($+:,!

8,?&-$@$:!'&!A#,B&B!

"#,B&B! CD>EF!GEH!I,+?J!

UL'P$&!9X!/+[&T#N&+#!K3T#!$&iPL$&S!#3!VP*VL*!#W&!VP**!O3#&+#L%*!3V!#W&!,-.!/0!T#3$%'&!$L+'T!2(!$&%*LML+'!#W&! 2&%N*L+&!$%NO8PO!'L[&+!L+!UL'P$&!4B!

JK%(N5"5#%(B+O%6"G%+"(E36"(B6(3+*'(#%*$"%C("3(+%P(2%$G*B+%6@(JK%()K$6%(/(2%$G*B+%6( $#%(X3B+"*'(N5+C%C(2'(f-c($+C("K%(!P%CB6K(5+BO%#6B"B%6(d&#%%+e@(-+($HH*BE$"B3+(N3#( )K$6%(//$(2%$G*B+%6(dJ#$+6N%#(H$E[$&%(x(7(N5**(2%$G*B+%6e(K$6(2%%+(652GB""%C("3(0S( d63*BC(&#%'e@( F#3G(79:L(n(7978("K%(B+O%6"G%+"(B6(#35&K*'(E3+6"$+"($"(:?9(,!Rf;$++5$**'( #%N*%E"B+&("K%(#$GHI5H(3N(:@?(2%$G*B+%6;$++5$**'@()$#"(3N("K%6%(B+O%6"G%+"6(6K$**(2%( NB+$+E%C(2'(N5"5#%(_3#CBE($+C(A$*"BE(H$#"+%#(E35+"#B%6@(JK%(E3+6"$+"(B+O%6"G%+"( N$O35#6($(N5+CB+&(N#$G%V(PKBEK(%\"%+C6(3O%#(?ID('%$#6($+C($**3P6(3H"BGBUB+&("K%( 6%*%E"B3+(3N(2%$G*B+%6@(

!"#$"%&'()*$+(,-.(/0(1$23#$"3#'4-5&56"(78479:8((((( =+#(,-.(79:8;>?(

(((((((((((((((((((((( (

88(;(8<


4..!

;45,*)5(>$?75)+$!"#$%&$@/(A)5,7-$6745$9!:;<=$ 1.02!K!1.06L!MN!(;;*+9($+:,!C1.02K.2K14J! 1.07!K!1.14L!HO$%(;:*($+:,!

/..! 3..! 2..! 1..! 0..! .!

1.02! 1.03! 1.0/! 1.04! 1.05! 1.06! 1.07! 1.1.! 1.10! 1.11! 1.12! 1.13! 1.1/! 1.14!

UL'P$&!ZX!AO&$%#L3+T!K3T#!V3$!#W&!VP**!,-.!/0!V%KL*L#(!$&TP*#L+'!V$3N!#W&!2&%N*L+&!$%NO8PO!O*%+!L+!UL'P$&!4B!

JK%(3H%#$"B3+6(E36"(&BO%+(B6(N5**(E36"(+%%C%C("3(3H%#$"%("K%(N$EB*B"'(dA$6%(`36"(x(`36"( H%#(2%$G*B+%(l(Ç(3H%#$"B3+$*(2%$G*B+%6e@(F3#(79:8(B"(B+E*5C%6("K%($HH#3O%C(N5+CB+&( 2'(0S(d>9(,!Rfe($+C(1Z(d87(,!Rfe@(F3#(79:M("3(79:D(B"(B6("K%(E36"($HH*B%C(N3#(B+("K%( $HH*BE$"B3+("3(0S6@( JK%(E36"(&5$#$+"%%C(2'(0S(N3#(3H%#$"B+&(,-.(/I///(5+"B*("K%(%+C(3N(79:?(dEK$H"%#(M@7e( B6(B+E*5C%C@( F#3G(79:L(n(797L("K%(3H%#$"B3+6(E36"(B+E#%$6%6(&#$C5$**'(#%N*%E"B+&("K%(B+E#%$6B+&( +5G2%#(3N(2%$G*B+%6(&3B+&(B+"3(3H%#$"B3+(dÅ(:@?(2%$G*B+%6;$++5$**'e@()$#"(3N("K%( 3H%#$"B3+6(E36"(6K$**(2%(NB+$+E%C(2'(N5"5#%(_3#CBE($+C(A$*"BE(H$#"+%#(E35+"#B%6@( /N("K%(+%E%66$#'(#%635#E%6(6K35*C(+3"(2%($O$B*$2*%(,-.(/0(P35*C(E3GH#3GB6%("K%( ^5$+"B"'(2'(25B*CB+&(N%P%#(2%$G*B+%6V(25"(+%O%#("K%(^5$*B"'@(

!"#$"%&'()*$+(,-.(/0(1$23#$"3#'4-5&56"(78479:8((((( =+#(,-.(79:8;>?(

(((((((((((((((((((((( (

8M(;(8<


Z :/,<!)1-?!G!,-]A;!<0<?:"! ZB6 C3NNP+LK%#L3+!

`3GG5+BE$"B3+(PB**(N3E56(3+("P3("'H%6(3N(%O%+"6]( :@e %O%+"6(#%*$"%C("3(25B*CB+&(5H("K%(,-.(/0(N$EB*B"'(*B[%(#%H3#"B+&(GB*%6"3+%6($+C( $EKB%O%G%+"6( 7@e 6EB%+E%(2%B+&(C3+%($"("K%(%\B6"B+&(*$23#$"3#'(6B+E%("K$"(B6(35#(#$B63+(Cr%"#%( $+C("K%(#%$63+(PK'(3"K%#(H$#"B%6V(3"K%#(E35+"#B%6V(P35*C(C%EBC%(3+(N5+CB+&( H$#"(3N("K%(3H%#$"B3+6(3N($+C(B+O%6"G%+"6(B+("K%(,-.(/0(1$23#$"3#'@(

UL'P$&!IX!,$X3#(%O%+"6(N3#("K%(,-.(/0()K$6%(/(H#3X%E"(79:8I79:L@!

ZB4 )W%T&!//2!^3$RTW3OT!

=5#B+&(79:8(,-.(/0(1$23#$"3#'(B+B"B$"%C($(6%#B%6(3N(P3#[6K3H6(#%*$"%C("3()K$6%(//2( 2%$G*B+%6(N3#(CB6E566B3+(3N(6EB%+E%(E$6%6($+C;3#(6H%EBNBE(2%$G*B+%6@(JK%(6EB%+"BNBE( $+C(H#$E"BE$*(3#&$+BU$"B3+(3N("K%6%(P3#[6K3H6(K$6("3($(*$#&%(%\"%+"(2%%+("$[%+(E$#%( 3N(2'(&#35H6(N#3G("K%(56%#(E3GG5+B"'@(JK%(N3**3PB+&(P3#[6K3H6(K$O%(3#(PB**(2%(K%*C( C5#B+&(79:8]( • AB3($+C(G%CBE$*(BG$&B+&(56B+&(6'+EK#3"#3+(*B&K"V(-H#B*(::I:7( • !-.!($+C(E3K%#%+"(.I#$'(6E$""%#B+&V(,$'(7I8( • !'+EK#3"#3+(#$CB$"B3+(2$6%C(BG$&B+&(G%"K3C6V(,$'(:MI:?( • !'+EK#3"#3+(#$CB$"B3+(B+(%+OB#3+G%+"$*($+C(63B*(6EB%+E%V(,$'(89I8:( • !'+EK#3"#3+(#$CB$"B3+(B+(E5*"5#$*(K%#B"$&%(#%6%$#EKV(!%H"%G2%#(8IM(( • =BNN#$E"B3+(P3#[6K3H(I(y!EB%+E%($+C(R\H%#BG%+"yV(!%H"%G2%#(?IL( • JK%(F5"5#%(3N(,BE#3N3E56()#3"%B+(`#'6"$**3&#$HK'V(!%H"%G2%#(7MI7? • /+C56"#B$*(Z6%(3N(,-.(/0($+C(/++3O$"B3+V(aE"32%#(<(

!"#$"%&'()*$+(,-.(/0(1$23#$"3#'4-5&56"(78479:8((((( =+#(,-.(79:8;>?(

(((((((((((((((((((((( (

8?(;(8<


The 26th  Annual  Users  Meeting  includes  a  session  where  the  organizers  of  each  of   the  workshops  will  present  the  discussions  and  conclusions  reached  at  their   workshop.  Following  this  session  science  cases  will  be  mapped  onto  beamline  cases   for  potential  inclusion  in  the  Phase  IIb  suite  and  groups  responsible  for  developing   the  cases  of  these  will  be  formed  as  described  in  section  5.2.4.  A  URG  meeting  for   presentation  and  discussion  of  the  beamline  list  is  planned  for  early  October.       The  beamline  cases  will  be  presented  at  a  workshop  combined  with  a  SAC  and  MING   meeting  December  4-­‐5  in  order  that  the  SAC  can  prepare  the  ranked  list  of   beamlines.  Finally  the  MAX  IV  Laboratory  management  will  prepare  a  suggestion  for   the  final  ranked  list  of  beamlines  and  submit  it  to  the  MAX  IV  Laboratory  Board.                      

Strategy Plan  MAX  IV  Laboratory_August  23_2013           Dnr  MAX  2013/95  

                                           

36 /  37  


8 Questions to  Vetenskapsrådet  

We  ask  Vetenskapsrådet  to  provide  us  with  feedback  to  this  document  so  that  we   can  improve  possible  shortcomings  and  take  the  decisions  and  actions  proposed   herein.  In  particular  we  ask  for  feedback  on  the  following  issues:     1.) The  beamline  ramp-­‐up  is  in  our  strategy  to  a  large  extent  dependent  on  the   progress  of  the  internationalization.  Is  this  acceptable  to  VR?     2.) Do  you  agree  to  keep  the  resources  needed  to  design,  build  and  operate  the   MAX_FEL  separate  from  the  MAX  IV  strategy  or  would  you  like  to  receive  a   Total  Cost  of  Ownership  including  MAX_FEL?     3.) The  dark  period  [4.2]  has  been  discussed  in  earlier  stages  and  is  calculated  to   6  months.  Is  this  still  a  reasonable  and  acceptable  period  to  VR?     4.) PETRA  III  is  according  to  our  strategy  an  ideal  complement  to  MAX  IV,   providing  better  performance  above  circa  35  keV  [5.2.6].  The  Swedish   beamline  P21  at  PETRA  III  will  offer  valuable  opportunities  for  hard  materials   (metals,  ceramics),  thick  samples  and  pair  distribution  function  (PDF)  work.   How  does  VR  suggest  to  make  use  of  these  synergies  and  how  shall  the   strategies  and  technical  solutions  of  P21  and  MAX  IV  be  co-­‐ordinated?     5.) Details  on  future  beamlines  in  phase  III  is  in  our  strategy  open  until  circa  2018   [5.2]  to  allow  incorporating  new  and  presently  unknown  fields  of  photon   science.  Is  this  acceptable  to  VR?     6.) Does  Vetenskapsrådet  require  individual  applications  every  year  for  beamline   investments  or  is  it  willing  to  accept  an  application  for  a  funding  frame  of   circa  6  beamlines  in  Phase  IIb  or  III  (circa  600  MSEK  investment)?   How  would  that  change  if  part  of  such  beamline  investment  was  paid  by   international  or  industrial  partners?      

Strategy Plan  MAX  IV  Laboratory_August  23_2013           Dnr  MAX  2013/95  

                                           

37 /  37  

MAX IV Laboratory Strategy Plan 2013 - 2026  
Read more
Read more
Similar to
Popular now
Just for you