MEMEX THE ANNUAL MAGAZINE OF THE
SCHOOL OF LIBRARY & INFORMATION SCIENCE
Photograph of Trevor F. Smith and Sparks Webb with the Memex #001. Courtesy of Trevor F. Smith.
Photograph of Memex #001 Wiring Harness. Courtesy of Trevor F. Smith.
School of Library & Information Science 1
About the Cover
n 1945, Vannevar Bush described a proto-hypertext system called the memex in his Atlantic Monthly article, “As We May Think.” The technology for the system was far beyond Bush’s capabilites in 1945, however, it inspired technological developments during the subsequent seventy-five years. In 2014, a father/daughter team of Trevor F. Smith and Sparks Webb tackled the task of making Bush’s dream a reality. This included using period wood and hardware integrated with modern technology. The cover image and insets on these pages illustrate the final product. For more information see https://trevor.smith.name/ memex/.
Cover: Photograh of Memex #001. Left: Photograph of Memex #001 Controls. Courtesy of Trevor F. Smith.
Director’s Note I
t’s been 45 days since LSU closed its doors due to the coronavirus. Normally, I would reflect on the previous year in my annual note for the newsletter, but it seems impossible to ignore the current situation. Unlike many others on campus, SLIS was well-prepared to weather this particular storm with our long history of distance and online education. Rather than rushing to move classroom teaching into online formats, SLIS was able to focus on supporting our students during these difficult times. Know that I am keeping all of our students, alumni, and friends in mind, and wishing us all strength as we move forward. On to my regular reflections… In redesigning our newsletter into a more substantial annual magazine, we thought it needed a formal name and landed on Memex. Why Memex? For me, it’s because it is such a symbol of the post-World War II era and the first steps toward what would become known as the information age. Some of you may have taken the Information Science course I taught many, many years ago, in which we would discuss the vision of this amazing memory index, which never came to pass as Vannevar Bush  envisioned it (nope, we never did reach the point that we all had microfilm readers in our living rooms) but formed the basis for modern search systems. This was such an exciting time in the development of our field and we are paying tribute to that time. I will point out, however, that this was also the age of the Jetsons and I’m still waiting for my flying car.
As I review this newsletter, I am overwhelmed with the number of activities SLIS accomplished during the past year. In fact, we could not include everything we wanted to within these pages! Here are just a few examples: SLIS hosted a holiday open house where attendees could take a picture with a snowman. Several students and alumni attended virtually as well . We continued to spotlight our growing undergraduate program at recruitment events . Dr. Benoit led an effort to host a Thanksgiving dinner for students and faculty who remained on campus during the break . Our student workers continued digitizing our alumni files . SLIS Graduate Assistants were treated to a newly remodeled space (which used to house the computer lab) . Several current students and alumni volunteered to help process the SLIS archives —be sure to look at some of the images found in the archive in this issue. SLIS keeps moving forward, and I look forward to showcasing our student and alumni successes every year. Please help us tell your stories and let us celebrate with you by sending me any updates throughout the year. Be it a new job, promotion, publication, conference presentation, award, personal milestone (such as a wedding or birth), or community service—let us know! Be well. School of Library & Information Science 3
CONGRATULATIONS TO THE CLASS OF 2019
he School of Library & Information Science congratulates the graduating class of 2019. The class includes a total of sixty-five students and eighty-nine degrees. Within the class, fifty-eight students completed the requirements for the Masterâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s in Library & Information Science. Additionally, many of the following students also earned certificates in Archival Studies (CARST), School Librarianship (CSLIB), and Records & Information Management (CRIM) alongside their MLIS or separately. We proudly welcome the following to the SLIS Alumni. Robert Adams, MLIS Sheryll Anderson, MLIS Michael Belmont, MLIS Camille Black, MLIS Louisa Breaux, MLIS Melody Brewton, MLIS Emily Bucher, MLIS/CSLIB Alexandra Butterworth, MLIS Christina Byrom, MLIS/CSLIB Daena Carrillo, MLIS/CARST Michael Anna Catalanotto, CSLIB Ann Marie Chaney, MLIS/CARST Lauren Cleveland, MLIS Christina Cope, MLIS/CSLIB Amy Corder, MLIS Misty Crawford, MLIS Anthony Cupp, MLIS/CARST Amy Denisco, MLIS/CARST Carlette Dennis, MLIS/CRIM Angelique Diaz, MLIS/CARST Erica Didier, MLIS Mary Duboulay, MLIS/CARST Amy Duplessis, CSLIB Sarah Fontenot, MLIS Beth Gainer, MLIS/CARST Kellie Gleason, MLIS/CARST Heather Gros, MLIS/CSLIB Roxanne Guidry, MLIS/CARST Jennifer Hardin, MLIS/CARST Skylar Harrell, CARST Elizabeth Hendershott, CARST Kristen Hoffpauir, MLIS Wesley Horton, MLIS
Kallan Jackson, MLIS Maya Johnson, MLIS Mary Kearns, MLIS/CARST Iriana Lonon, MLIS Cameron Lowry, MLIS Megan Mackel, MLIS Kristina Minor, MLIS Deborah Moore, MLIS Marisol Moreno Ortiz, MLIS Jasimiel Northern, MLIS Brandee Orgeron, CSLIB Jacob Paramore, MLIS Daniel Perez, MLIS Jacqueline Picariello, MLIS/CARST Aubrey Rector, MLIS Sandra Robinson, MLIS Jennifer Rogillio, CSLIB Sydney Rosenberger, MLIS/CSLIB Emily Saltzman, MLIS Catherine Sampson, MLIS/CARST Savannah Sanchez, MLIS Benjamin Schexnayder, MLIS/CARST Rozalin Shepherd, MLIS Karmen Spencer, CRIM Chandler Taylor, MLIS/CARST/MA History Matthew Temple, MLIS Althea Topek, MLIS Kathryn Trevino, MLIS/CARST Bethany Vieira, MLIS Erica Villani, MLIS Erin Voisin, MLIS/CARST Natalie Worsham, MLIS/CARST School of Library & Information Science 5
Amazing Internships: Baseball Hall of Fame
wo SLIS students, Mike Belmont and Kallan Jackson, hit it out of the park with a prestigious internship in Summer 2019 when both were selected for the Frank and Peggy Steele internship at the National Baseball Hall of Fame in Cooperstown, New York. Established in 1939, the museum includes digital materials, a library research center, and an archival collection. According to the Hall of Fame’s website, the collection includes “tens of thousands of three-dimensional artifacts, all of which represent a particular moment in baseball history.” The internships included the opportunity to attend career seminars, present artifacts at public events, and host the All-Star Gala, as well as attend a Minor League game. Both worked primarily within the library research center, utilizing databases and other materials, including books, newspaper clippings, and artifacts, to answer some of the nearly 60,000 inquiries the research center receives each year. Belmont, a self-described “lifelong, enthusiastic fan of baseball,” appreciated this chance to learn more about the value that baseball holds for Americans. Mike stated that SLIS classes had taught him many necessary skills for working with the public, and also noted, “this was a very customer service-based role, and it really helped develop how to interact with patrons in a variety of different situations.” Upon graduation, he accepted a job as an information technology librarian at Mount St. Mary’s University in Emmitsburg, Maryland, where he manages the library’s OCLC World Share management services, digital resources, and operates as instructor to students and faculty. Jackson, on the other hand, was not a fan of baseball when she first started, but stated, “having access to such resources allowed me to learn the game of baseball and appreciate its history.” She also credited SLIS courses with teaching her the interpersonal skills needed to interact effectively with patrons. Belmont and Jackson are just a few of the many SLIS students who are engaged in internships and volunteer opportunities. Not only do students learn critical skills and gain hands-on experience, but they greatly support the institutions where they work.
Donor Spotlight: Jackie Wintle J
ackie has led a peripatetic life. In 1934, she began life in Pittsburg, KS, and after three months accompanied her mother to the West coast to meet her father, a graduate of the Naval Academy. She was baptized on the USS California in Bremerton, WA, and spent her first five years traveling up and down the East and West coasts as she and her mother followed the ships on which her father was stationed. She started grammar school in New Orleans, and completed her elementary and high school education in Shreveport before coming to Baton Rouge to study at LSU. Among other activities, she served as editor of the Gumbo her senior year. After graduation in 1956 she headed to New Haven, CN, for an MA in Teaching at Yale University, and taught 10th grade English for one year outside Philadelphia, PA. Deciding that teaching was not for her, she returned to Shreveport and ultimately to LSU for an MS in Library Science in 1962, supporting herself as an intern in the LSU Library. From there she went to Washington, D.C., where she began as a Special Recruit at the Library of Congress (LC) and carved a 30-year career. She moved from her Maryland home in the D.C. suburbs to the mountains of western North Carolina in 2006. In 2013, she moved to Austin, TX, to join her husband, Jim Allen, a good friend from library school days.
SHE’S ADOPTED THE MOTTO “BLOOM WHERE YOU’RE PLANTED.”
In 1958, Jackie joined the Shreveport Junior League and learned to transcribe braille as her volunteer activity. This ultimately led to her curiosity about, and subsequent employment with the National Library Service (NLS) for the Blind and Physically Handicapped at LC. She enjoyed progressively responsible positions with NLS, completing her career there as Assistant Director. Her last position at LC was Director of Educational Programs--a nice way to tie together her teaching and library background. Jackie believes in the concept of Noblesse Oblige and in sharing her talents and assets with others. She has coordinated Sunday school classes, served two active terms on the University Park (MD) Town Council, and has participated in other civic activities, such as serving on the Black Mountain (NC) library advisory board. In 1989, SLIS selected her as an Outstanding Alumni, and CHSE honored her with an Alumni of Distinction Award in 2014. In 2006, Jackie established an endowment at the School of Library & Information Science in support of her passions and life’s work. The Mary Jack Wintle Education Fund makes it possible for SLIS to support students with disabilities, provide courses about providing library services to people with disabilities, and provide materials for the LSU libraries to support their collection in this subject area. Starting in the fall of 2020, The Wintle Education Fund will support an annual professional development webinar focused on information services for underrepresented and underserved communities. The inaugural Wintle Webinar will focus on information services for the blind and visually impaired. School of Library & Information Science 7
Coming Fall 2020
In Fall 2020, SLIS will begin offering three professional development webinars per semester. Each webinar will focus on a particular aspect of libraries, archives, cultural heritage or information professions. Participants may register for each webinar individually or receive a discount for subscribing to an entire series. SLIS students and alumni will receive an additional discounted rate. The first series in fall will include the inaugural Wintle Webinar and a two part webinar on copyright law. Pay attention to the SLIS website for further details in the coming months.
Wintle Webinar Information Services for the Blind & Visually Impaired
The Wintle Education Fund supports an annual professional development webinar focused on information services for underrepresented and underserved communities. The inagural webinar will focus on information services for the bind & visually impaired. Registration for the webinar will be free for all attendees. More details will be posted on the SLIS website in the coming months.
Copyright Law for LIS A Two-part Webinar Series The final two webinars for the Fall 2020 series will focus on copyright law within libraries, archives and cultural heritage institutions. Part one will cover basic information such as copyright terms, length, and fair use. Part two will focus on digital implications of copyright law.
Fierce Honors Virtually Vital
ith a $2,000 Dean’s Circle seed grant, LSU School of Library & Information Science (SLIS) Associate Director Edward Benoit, III, Ph.D., launched the Virtual Footlocker Project (VFP) to investigate how contemporary veterans and active duty personnel document their time in service. He was later awarded a $391,000 early career grant from the Institute of Museum and Library Services (IMLS) to take the project to the next level. In our Snapchat-Skype-Instagram world, images and text appear and disappear in split seconds. How will the experiences of our generation survive the ravages of time? That’s what Benoit wondered on a long flight from Milwaukee to Baton Rouge for a job interview with LSU. Of particular interest to the second-generation Air Force veteran and Ph.D. in information studies was how much history would be lost if soldiers’ digital descriptions of events and interactions with family and each other vanished into cyberspace. “I began thinking about what items would mark my time in service and of current military personnel,” Benoit said. For generations, airmen, sailors, marines, and soldiers documented their wartime experiences in personal diaries, photographs, and correspondence. Veterans often kept these collections long after their service and handed them down to family members. Some items eventually make their way to museums and archives. In archives, these treasured personal accounts serve a vital role in humanizing wartime sacrifices and experiences. “With the shift toward digital technologies over the past 20 years, the contemporary 21st-century soldier no longer creates the same analog personal archives,” Benoit said. “That creates a critical future gap in the record.” Shortly after joining the SLIS faculty in 2014, Benoit submitted a grant application to the LSU College of Human Sciences & Education (CHSE) Dean’s Circle to explore options for safeguarding military memories made on digital devices. “I loved the name, and we found the application to be unique,” recalled Arthur M. Halbrook, Ph.D., then vice president of CHSE Dean’s Circle. “These firsthand accounts are recreations of a moment in time and represent reflections of how things really were,” Halbrook continued. “They’re a part of history that should be preserved. School of Library & Information Science 9
If they’re lost, they’re lost forever.” The Dean’s Circle seed grant allowed Benoit to catalog the types of formats active duty personnel used and where they stored these documents, videos, and images. He presented preliminary results at a prestigious international conference and published an article in Preservation, Digital Technology & Culture. Based on those findings, Benoit received the Russell B. Long Professorship in 2018 to collect and analyze additional data. Now, with the IMLS funding, “We will conduct a series of focus groups, map technical requirements on existing standards, identify technical and policy-based challenges, and propose a functional framework for protocol design,” explained Benoit. “We will develop a series of workshops for archivists.” Though it is still in the formative stages, VFP has already received national attention and support from the United Service Organizations, Wounded Warrior Project, Louisiana Secretary of Veterans Affairs, Louisiana National Guard Museum, Betty H. Carter Women Veterans Historical Project, and National WWII Museum. In recognition of his contributions to information science, Benoit was recently honored as CHSE’s 2019 Advocate for Diversity and received the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee’s School of Information Studies 2017 Distinguished Alumni Award. This past July, Benoit co-authored Participatory Archives, a book that explores how the archival community is leveraging social media and digital technology to engage users and expand collections. While the research and technology pilot program involves only active duty military and veterans, its innovative application may one day help preserve and archive precious digital memories for families everywhere.
For more information on the Virtual Footlocker Project see VirtualFootlocker.com.
Originally published by the LSU Foundation in Cornerstone Winter 2019 and Spring 2020.
E L SUFO UND ATIO N.OR G/C ORN ERST ONE
Our Past 10
Deepfakes LSU Event Discusses New Challenges for Media Literacy
r. Seungwon Yang, Assistant Professor in the School of Library and Information Science and Center for Computation and Technology, contributed to a discussion on the effect of deepfakes towards media literacy. The event took place on October 22 in the Hill Memorial Library Lec ture Hall. Yang joined other speakers including Len Apcar, the Wendell Gray Switzer Jr. Endowed Chair in Media Literacy at Manship School of Mass Communication; John Fletcher, the Billy J. Harbin Associate Professor of Theatre History at the College of Music & Dramatic Arts; and Rebecca Kelley and Brittany O’Neill from LSU Libraries. Uses of deepfakes include the manipulation of video footage and audio via computer algorithms to swap a person being filmed with another (typically a well-known, public figure). Deepfakes have taken on a new, more sinister quality as the United States approaches an election year. If deepfakes are almost indiscernible from original video, then it is more difficult for the public to take political ads and information at face value. How does one determine what is a deepfake? Yang stated audiences must “consider textual content, users, and network characteristics to identify fake news events in social media.” Similar tactics could be used to detect deepfakes. However, as detection becomes more arduous, people may have to rely on A.I. technology. The average American does not possess the technology to detect the use of deepfakes in video ads or streaming. The inability to trust what one is seeing and hearing creates a feeling of uncertainty and cynicism that is unhealthy in an already divided, partisan climate. There are a few popular examples on YouTube, such as Jordan Peele speaking and appearing as Barack Obama. The fake Obama, with over seven million views, opens his speech saying, “We’re entering an era in which our enemies can make anyone say any-
thing at any point in time.” Another video, entitled “Bill Hader impersonates Arnold Schwarzenegger,” has thirteen million views. Bill Hader slowly shifts into the image of Schwarzenegger as his voice impression becomes more accurate during the Conan show. According to a Washington Post Article titled, “Top AI researchers race to detect ‘deepfake’ videos: ‘We are outgunned,’” a large portion of funding to detect deepfakes comes from the U.S. Pentagon’s Defense Advanced Research Project Agency. They have sponsored a number of corporate and academic research groups who, with every advancement, find deepfake synthesis has become more complex. In discussing the topic, Dr. Yang concluded the following: “Deepfake videos are becoming a threat for the information society. They look so realistic to human eyes, and, thus, it is almost impossible to distinguish them from real ones unless we rely on another A.I. technology. In this presentation, one of the background technologies of deepfakes—Generative Adversarial Networks (GANs)—and the basics of deep neural networks were introduced. The future in the fight against deepfake videos may not be too bright. However, we must continue it.” School of Library & Information Science 11
Author Event: Dr. Wayne Wiegand
n February 5, 2019, SLIS welcomed Dr. Wayne Wiegand as part of the Quality of Life Lecture Series to speak on his recent monograph, co-authored with Shirley A. Wiegand, The Desegregation of Public Libraries in the Jim Crow South. According to LSU Press, the book tells the comprehensive story of the integration of southern public libraries. As in other efforts to integrate civic institutions in the 1950s and 1960s, the determination of local activists won the battle against segregation in libraries. In particular, the willingness of young black community members to take part in organized protests and direct actions ensured that local libraries would become genuinely free to all citizens. The Wiegands trace the struggle for equal access to the years before the Supreme Court’s Brown v. Board of Education decision, when black activists in the South focused their efforts on equalizing accommodations, rather than on their more daunting—and dangerous—task of undoing segregation. After the ruling, momentum for vigorously pursuing equality grew, and black organizations shifted to more direct challenges to the system, including public library sit-ins and lawsuits against library systems. Although local groups often took direction from larger civil rights organizations, it was the energy, courage, and determination of younger black community members that ensured the eventual desegregation of Jim Crow public libraries. The Wiegands examine the library desegregation movement in several southern cities and states, revealing the ways that individual communities negotiated—mostly peacefully, sometimes violently—the integration of local public libraries. This study adds a new chapter to the history of civil rights activism in the mid-twentieth century and celebrates the resolve of community activists as it weaves the account of racial discrimination in public libraries through the national narrative of the civil rights movement. Often referred to as the “Dean of American Library Historians,” Wiegand is F. William Summers Professor of Library and Information Studies Emeritus at Florida State University. In addition to over one hundred scholarly articles, he is author of History of A Hoax: Edmund Lester Pearson, John Cotton Dana and “The Old Librarian’s Almanack” (1979), Patrician in the Progressive Era: A Biography of George von Lengerke Meyer (1988); Politics of an Emerging Profession: The American Library Association, 1876-1917 (1986), “An Active Instrument for Propaganda:” American Public Libraries During World War I (1989), and Irrepressible Reformer: A Biography of Melvil Dewey (1996). The last three were given the G.K. Hall Award for Outstanding Contribution to Library Literature (1988, 1991; 1997). In 2011, he published Main Street Public Library: Reading Spaces and Community Places in America’s Heartland, 1876-1956 (University of Iowa Press). In 2012, he published with coauthor Sarah Wadsworth “Right Here I See My Own Books:” The Women’s Library at the 1893 Chicago World’s Fair (University of Massachusetts Press). In May 2015, he published with co-editors Pamela Spence Richards and Marija Dalbello A History of Modern Librarianship: Constructing the Heritage of Western Cultures, in which he authored the essay on the “United States and Canada.” 12
Coming to Baton Rouge SLIS Hosting Major Conferences Library History Seminar XIV* This international conference, held every five years under the auspices of the Library History Round Table of the American Library Association, will meet at the Historic Hilton Hotel in downtown Baton Rouge. The conference theme is “Librarians Without Borders: Historical Perspectives on Library Outreach.” More than 30 national and international library historians will present their research on different aspects of librarians moving outside the boundaries of the library building. Our keynote speaker will be Dr. Nancy Isenberg, T. Harry Williams Professor of History at LSU, and author of Sex and Citizenship in Antebellum America (University of North Carolina Press, 1998). She will be speaking on the history of the women’s rights movement and suffrage. Dr. Gaines Foster, LSU Foundation M.J. Foster Professor of History, our plenary speaker, will present “Still Fighting the Civil War?” which puts the current fights over Confederate symbols in some historical context. The conference will include a reception at the LSU Museum of Art at the Shaw Center for the Arts, and attendees will also have the opportunity to visit the Old State Capitol, the Old Governor’s Mansion, the New State Capitol, the State Museum, and the State Library, as well as LSU’s Hill Memorial Library and Special Collections on the LSU Campus. *The Seminar was originally scheduled for August 11-13, but is being rescheduled due to Covid-19.
Society of Southwest Archivists Annual Meeting, May 11-15, 2021 The SSA Annual Meeting will return to Baton Rouge in 2021 for the first time since 2005, and only the third time since SSA’s founding. SSA serves archivists, special collections librarians, preservationists, conservators, records managers, and others interested in the preservation of our documentary heritage from Arizona, Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, New Mexico, and Texas. The conference will be held at the Hilton Baton Rouge Capitol Center, and attendees will have the opportunity to tour regional cultural heritage institutions. Additional information will be posted on the SSA website. School of Library & Information Science 13
n the fall of 2019, SLIS established the School of Library & Information Science Advisory Council. The Council provides the School with feedback and input regarding its programs, strategic plan, student learning outcomes, curriculum, and other issues as necessary. Membership includes representatives of alumni, current students, employers, library professional and paraprofessional staff, professional organizational leadership, and stakeholders. The Council meets at least twice a year with additional meetings as necessary. Members Dr. Carol Barry (Co-chair) Director, SLIS Dr. Will Monroe (Co-chair) Assistant Director Instructional Technology, LSU Law School Library Kim Adkins Chair, Louisiana Library Association, School Libraries Section Katherine Burright Student Representative Rebecca Clouse Chair, Louisiana Library Association, Public Libraries Section Gina Costello Associate Dean, Head of Special Collections, LSU Libraries Susan Gauthier Library Services Director, East Baton Rouge School System Danny Gillane Librarian, Lafayette Public Library Elizabeth Green President, SLIS Student Association Rebecca Hamilton State Librarian of Louisiana Luis Interano Adult Services Librarian, West Baton Rouge Parish Library
Sonnet Ireland President, Louisiana Library Association Amy Jones Archivist, Diocese of Baton Rouge Carolyn Loos Senior Information Specialist, Exxon/Mobil Dania McBride Student Representative Heather Plaisance Chair, Louisiana Library Association, Academic Libraries Section Christy Reeves Vice President, Ochsner Health System Cheylon Woods Director, Ernest J. Gaines Center, University of Louisiana at Lafayette
2019 SLIS in Brief LIS 1000: Information Literacy & Critical Analysis approved as SLISâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; first Integrated Learning Core (ILC) course. ILCs will soon replace Gen Ed courses. SLIS remains among the leaders in proportion of alumni who give back. Dr. Benoit was appointed Associate Director of SLIS in August. He will assist the Director with program assessment, course scheduling, undergraduate programs, and adjunct liaison.
PUBLICATIONS Benoit, E., III, & Eveleigh, A., eds. (2019). Participatory Archives: Theory & Practice. London: Facet Publishing. Benoit, E., III & Force, D.C. (2019). “One Size Does Not Fit All: Graduate Archival Education in the 21st Century.” American Archivist, 82, no.1: 24-52. Jin, T., & Chen, M. (2019). “Do Cultural Differences Impact on Intellectual Property Protection in the United States and China?” Proceedings of the Annual Conference of CAIS / Actes du congrès annuel de l’ACSI (ISSN 2562-7589), available at https://journals.library.ualberta.ca/ojs.cais-acsi.ca/index. php/cais-asci/article/view/1099/961. Jin, T., & Chen, M. (2019). “Exploring Underlying Causes of Cross-national Differences in Intellectual Property Ethics: A Concept Map.” Proceedings of the 20th European Conference on Knowledge Management (ISBN: 978-1-912764-32-7), 1: 584-593. doi: 10.34190/KM.19.135 Jin, T., & Chen, M. (2019). “Cultural Barriers to Intellectual Property Ethics: A Theoretical Model.” Proceedings of the Association for Information Science and Technology, 56(1): 491-494. doi: 10.1002/pra2.00053 Ju, B. & Kim, Y. (2019). “The Formation of Research Ethics for Data Sharing by Biological Scientists: An Empirical Analysis.” Aslib Journal of Information Management, 71(5): 583-600. Ju, B. & Stewart, B. (2019). “‘The Same Platform as Others’: Perceptions of Information Bias Among Black Wikipedians.” Journal of Documentation, 75(6): 1486-1502. Stauffer, S.M. (2019). “Marilla Waite Freeman: The Librarian as Literary Muse, Gatekeeper, and Disseminator of Print Culture.” Library & Information History, 35(3): 151-167. doi: 10.1080/17583489.2019.1668156 Stauffer, S.M. (2019). “Let Us Forget this Cherishing of Women in Library Work: Women in the American Library War Service, 1918-1920.” Libraries: Culture, History, and Society, 3(2): 155-174. doi: 10.5325/libraries.3.2.0155 Stewart, B. & Kendrick, K. (2019). “‘Hard to Find’: Information Among LGBT College Students.” Aslib Journal of Information Management, 71(5): 601-617. doi: 10.1108/AJIM-02-2019-0040 Stewart, B. & Ju, B. (2020). “‘On Black Wikipedians’: Motivations Behind Content Contribution.” Edited by Du, J.T., Xie, I., and Waycott, J. Information Processing & Management, 57(3). Stewart, B. & Ju, B. (2019). “Racial Climate and Inclusiveness in Academic Libraries: Perceptions on Welcomeness among Black College Students.” The Library Quarterly, 89(1): 16-33. Stewart, B. (2019). “Southern Imprints and Readers.” In Zboray, R.J. and Zboray, M.S., eds. The Oxford History of Popular Print Culture: Volume 5: US Popular Print Culture to 1860. Oxford University Press. Trudi, W, & Benoit, E., III. (2019). “Technology Use in Designing Curriculum for Archivists: Utilizing Andragogical Approaches in Designing Digital Learning Environments for Archives Professional Development.” Preservation, Digital Technology & Culture, 48(2): 85-94. School of Library & Information Science 15
Wu, Y. & Meng, F. (2019). “Categorizing Security for Security Management and Information Resource Management.” Journal of Strategic Security, 11(4): 72-84, available at https://scholarcommons.usf.edu/ jss/vol11/iss4/4. Yang, L. & Wu, Y. (2019). “Creating a Taxonomy of Earthquake Disaster Response and Recovery for Online Earthquake Information Management.” Knowledge Organization, 46(2): 77-89. Wu, Y. & Yang, S. (2019). “Designing Effective Knowledge Presentation Techniques for Large Digital Collections.” Proceedings of the Association for Information Science and Technology, 56: 827-828. doi:10.1002/pra2.193 (peer reviewed; poster). Zhang, W., Ji, M., Wang, H., Zhang, C., Xu, S., & Wu, Y. (2020). “An Exploration of How the Resourcing of Staff and Book Purchasing Affects the Development of China’s Public-School Libraries in Guangzhou.” Journal of the Australian Library and Information Association (JALIA), 69(1): 70-92. doi:10.1080/247501 58.2019.1702140 (correspondence author). Yang, S. & Stewart. B. (2019). “@Houstonpolice: An Exploratory Case of Twitter During Hurricane Harvey.” Online Information Review, 43(7): 1334-1351. Youn, C., Das, A. K., Yang, S., & Kim, J. (2019). “Developing a Meta Framework for Key-Value Memory Networks on HPC Clusters.” Proceedings of the Practice and Experience in Advanced Research Computing on Rise of the Machines, 66: 1-6. Yang, S., Ju, B. & Chung, H. (2019). “Identifying topical coverages of curricula using topic modeling and visualization techniques: A case of digital and data curation.” International Journal of Digital Curation, 14(1): 62-87. Zou, L., Lam, N.S.N., Shams, S., Cai, H., Meyer, M.A., Yang, S., Lee, K. & Park, S.J. (2019). “Social and geographical disparities in Twitter use during Hurricane Harvey.” International Journal of Digital Earth, 12(11): 13001318.
PRESENTATIONS Benoit, E., III & Guidry, R. (2019). “Dispatches from the Front: Findings from the Virtual Footlocker Project Phase 1.” Society of American Archivists, Austin, TX, August 2019. Benoit, E., III, A. Lee J.A., Buchanan, S.A., & Roeschley, A. 16
(2019). “What’s Next for Archival Education?” Society of Southwest Archivists, Tucson, AZ, May 2019. Jin, T., & Chen, M. (2019). “Cultural Barriers to Intellectual Property Ethics: A Theoretical Model.” 82nd Annual Meeting of ASIS&T, Melbourne, Australia, October 2019. Jin, T., & Chen, M. (2019). “Do Cultural Differences Impact on Intellectual Property Protection in the United States and China?” 47th Annual Conference of the Canadian Association for Information Science, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, B.C., June 2019. Jin, T., & Chen, M. (2019). “Exploring Underlying Causes of Cross-national Differences in Intellectual Property Ethics: A Concept Map.” 20th European Conference on Knowledge Management, Universidade Europeia de Lisboa, Lisbon, Portugal, September 2019. Stauffer, S.M. (2019). “Friends of Freedom Libraries.” Popular Culture/American Culture Association in the South, Wilmington, NC, September 2019. Stauffer, S.M. (2019). “Imagining the Empire: Images of ‘The Other’ in British Children’s Books, 1815-1914.” SHARP Annual Conference, Amherst, MA, July 2019.
Stauffer, S.M. (2019). “Friends of Freedom Libraries.” Southwest P/ACA Annual Conference, Albuquerque, NM, February 2019. Wu, Y. & Meng, F. (2019). “Creating a Security Methods Taxonomy for Information Resource Management.” 21st International Conference of Asian Digital Libraries (ICADL), Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. [peer-reviewed; poster paper] Wu, Y. (2019). “An Entity and Event Relationship Model for Representing Knowledge in Scientific Documents and Supporting Knowledge Discovery.” Workshop on Ontology and Rich Semantics (RICH), Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, November 2019. Yang, S., Apcar, L., & Fletcher, J. (2019). “Deepfake, Generative Adversarial Network, and Detecting Fake News in Social Media.” Deepfake presentation at the Louisiana State University Libraries Event, Baton Rouge, LA, October 2019. Yang, S. & Wu, Y. (2019). “Designing Effective Knowledge Presentation Techniques for Large Digital Collections.” Proceedings of the 82nd ASIS&T Annual Meeting, Melbourne, Australia. [peer-reviewed; poster paper]
AWARDS & GRANTS
Benoit, E., III. (2019). Advocate for Diversity Award. Given by College of Human Sciences & Education, Louisiana State University. Benoit, E., III. (2019). “Virtual Footlocker Project: Developing a User-Centered Framework for Digital Preservation of Active Duty and Veteran Personal Records.” Institute of Museum and Library Services, 2018/2019. $390,706. Funded. Jin, T. (2019). LSU Faculty Travel Grant program and LSU CHSE Dean’s Faculty Research & Travel Grant program, $1,750; total funded. Yang, S. (2019). Center for Computation and Technology (CCT) Research Support Fund, $10,000; percent effort 100%. Yang, S. (2019). LSU CHSE Dean’s Faculty Research & Travel Grant program, $2,100; percent effort 100%.
Benoit, E., III. (2019). Appointed as Vice Chair/ChairElect of the Graduate Archival Education Subcommittee, Society of American Archivists, 2019-present. Benoit, E., III. (2019). Appointed as Co-chair of the Local Arrangements Committee 2021, Society of Southwest Archivists, 2019-present. Benoit, E., III. (2019). Appointed to Editorial Board, Preservation, Digital Technology & Culture, 2019-present. Benoit, E., III. (2019). Appointed as Book Reviews Editor, Preservation, Digital Technology & Culture, 2019-present. Stauffer, S.M. (2019). Appointed to Editorial Review Board, Public Library Quarterly, 2019-present.
Voisin Receives Ham Scholarship Erin E. Voisin of Louisiana State University is the 2019 recipient of the F. Gerald Ham and Elsie Ham Scholarship given by the Society of American Archivists (SAA). The award will be presented at a ceremony during the Joint Annual Meeting of the Council of State Archivists and SAA in Austin, TX, July 31–August 6. The $10,000 scholarship supports the graduate archival education of a student who is studying at a United States university program. Scholarship selection criteria include the applicant’s past performance in his or her graduate program in archival studies as well as faculty members’ assessment of the student’s prospects for contributing to the archives profession. Ms. Voisin’s thoughtful essay, “Breaking Down Barriers: Inclusivity, Outreach, and the Interdisciplinary Imperative,” contends that archival thinking requires a multifaceted, interdisciplinary approach to understand the past and negotiate the challenges of today and the future. She reflects on the evolution of her understanding of archives, and the way in which her archival work is informed by her education in classical antiquity and professional experience in historical archaeology. In addition to her exceptional academic record in conjunction with working full time, Voisin actively contributes to the campus ALA and SAA student chapters, and has presented at state and national archival meetings. Her faculty nominator noted that he is “impressed with her intellectual curiosity, dedication to the profession, and her willingness to go above and beyond requirements.” Photography by Craig Huey
The scholarship was created in 1998 by SAA Fellow, past president, and longtime member F. Gerald Ham and his wife Elsie. School of Library & Information Science 17
ver the past two years, LSU librarians Hayley Johnson (MLIS, 2010) and Sarah Simms received multiple grants for their project, “Through an Extended Lens: Louisiana, Internment, and the Geography of Change.” They presented their findings throughout the country, including at the National World War II Museum in New Orleans, the WWII Japanese American Internment Museum, the Alexandria Museum of Art, the ALA Conference, and many more. In the fall of 2018, Johnson and Simms received a surprising call from TEDxLSU asking them if they would consider developing a TED talk based on their research project--but there was a catch. TED talks typically only have a single speaker, but, in the case of Johnson and Simms, this project could only be presented by the both of them since each were so invested in the research. The two were able to convince the TEDxLSU organizers that they could share the stage and effectively tell a story together, and the pair were invited to speak at TEDxLSU 2019: Illuminate. The real work began during the subsequent five months. WorkPhoto by Zack Tullier & TEDxLSU ing closely with Annemarie Galeucia, the pair developed their script, and then spent two months internalizing it. The TEDx coaches stress the importance of avoiding rote memorization to provide a more natural delivery of the talk. As Johnson notes, “You don’t focus on exact words, necessarily, but points. So, if you go blank, then you know what the next big point you were going to talk about, and you pick back up and keep going.” Simms added, “Which is really hard to do with two people... the pressure is not failing your partner.” The TEDx coaches also spent a lot of time working on delivery and body movements. After working for most of the spring, Johnson and Simms moved onto the stage for two rehearsals. One with a script and the dress rehearsal without it the day before the talk. According to Simms, “What’s really nerve racking is that you don’t know when you will be going. They don’t decide what order people will present until after the dress rehearsal.” Reflecting on the experience, Simms noted: “Hayley handled things like a boss--totally cool. She went and sat in the audience since we were during the second part of the day. I stayed in the green room, and just panicked. Then right before we went on, I lost the entire script--all of it out of my mind. We were standing there, ready to go on stage, and Annemarie was trying to get us to do a breathing exercise. We went on stage to our marks, there was a count down, and it was suck it up, now or never...We turned that corner and just nailed it.” While the pair noted the high stress levels before and during the event, both agreed that it was a great experience. “We can’t be more grateful for being asked, and being able to share our message and tell our story,” Simms noted. Johnson added, “One of the really great things was getting out of our own comfort zone and having an opportunity that is usually reserved for bigger type of researchers on campus--but emotionally, it was very draining. In the end, overall, it was extremely positive. Although the live event occurred in March, the TEDxLSU videos were not released for several months. At the time, Johnson and Simms were in Hawaii, spending time with the family of the man they had researched. They viewed the talk together, and his family was really pleased to shared it with others. Simms noted, “What was most emotional was that people whose parents or grandparents had been in the camp were so thankful the story was being shared.”
Watch Simms & Johnson’s TEDxLSU talk on the LSU SLIS YouTube Page
From the SLIS Archives
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School of Library & Information Science 21
Class Notes 1990s
Pamela Cambre Lakvold (MLIS, 1991) received the Spaht Scholar Award presented by the East Baton Rouge Parish Library. The Spaht Scholar is an annual award established by The Will and Leona Huff Fund, and presented by the East Baton Rouge Parish Library’s Children’s Services. The award is designed to recognize an exceptional educator who makes a difference in the lives of their students by encouraging the love of learning. Miriam D. Childs (MLIS, 1993) presented “The Colorful Peripatetic Wanderings of the Louisiana Supreme Court--and What Its Law Library Can Do for You!” at the LSBA’s 13th Annual Solo and Small Firm Conference. Ms. Childs is also planning on presenting, “ Loaves and Fishes: Providing Legal Assistance to SRLs When Resources are Limited,” at the 2020 American Association of Law Libraries Annual Meeting & Conference.
Jo Ann Henson (MLIS, 2000) received the 2019 Distinguished Library Faculty Award from George Mason University. Since 2012, Ms. Henson has been the Business and Economics Librarian at the George Mason University Libraries, and her tenure has been marked by her active involvement in forming key partnerships with the School of Business and the Department of Economics, providing support for their students’ and faculty’s research endeavors. In addition to research and reference support, she leads over 40 instructional sessions each semester as well as ensures the Libraries’ business and economics resources are current, up-to-date, and reflective of a broad array of disciplinary needs. Prior to joining Mason, Henson was the Business Reference Librarian at Louisiana State University (LSU), where she was responsible for launching an annual “Meet Your Librarian” Day and for being the first librarian to schedule “embedded” office hours within the Business School. Kristin Whitehair (MLIS, 2004) is currently the director of library services for Saint Luke’s Hospital of Kansas City. She recently received a Health Science Library Network of Kansas City award entitled “Return on Investment – Performance Measurement” for her work implementing service level metrics to measure library performance.
SLIS Alumni Mixer at the Roosevelt Room in Austin during the 2019 Society of American Archivists Conference
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Current SLIS Students & Alumni Volunteer to Help Process the SLIS Archives
Jude Morrissey (MLIS, 2012) began a new position as Access Services Librarian for Yale Divinity Library. Leslie Smith (MLIS, 2015) was married on April 18th, 2020. Ellen John (MLIS, 2018) started as the Branch Manager for Ponchatoula Branch Library of Tangipahoa Parish Library. Zach Tompkins (MLIS, 2013) joined LSU Libraries as the University Archivist. Amy Corder (MLIS, 2019) was selected to participate in the ALA Student-to-Staff program at the 2019 ALA Annual Conference. Established in 1973, the program allows 40 students, both ALA members and members of their school’s ALA student chapter, to attend and participate in an annual conference in exchange for volunteering 16 hours to ALA staff during the conference. Althea Topek (MLIS, 2019) received a 2019 Annual Meeting Travel Award from the SAA Foundation. Roxanne Guidry (MLIS & CARST, 2019) co-presented with Dr. Edward Benoit, III, “Dispatches from the Front: Findings from the Virtual Footlocker Project Phase 1,” at the 2019 SAA Conference.
Jennifer Razer (MLIS) was recently promoted to Senior Librarian-Digital Services at the Arkansas State Library. She will also present on the role of state/government documents in the classroom at the Arkansas Education Summit in June 2020. Glynnis Alford (MLIS) was inducted into the Omicron Delta Kappa leadership honor society, and hired as a full time Library Technician in the Children’s department of a community branch of the East Baton Rought Parish Library system. Izzy Oneiric (MLIS) received the 2019 David B. Gracy II Student Scholarship from the Society of Southwest Archivists. Jessica Fontenot (MLIS & CSLIB) received the 2019-2020 Elementary Teacher of the Year award from Opelousas Catholic School.
We want to hear from you! Send us any news you would like to share with fellow SLISters, such as weddings, births, promotions, new jobs, awards, publications, awards, presentations, and so on. E-mail your news to carolbarry@ lsu.edu 24
2019 SLIS Scholarship & Travel Awards
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Friends of the Lafayette Parish Public Library Fellowship Julia Reed Jimmie Hartman Hoover Memorial Scholarship Jennifer Razer & Brett Williams
Mary Hutcheson Memorial Scholarship Mallory Lindenbaum Lewis Mack Fellowship Sean Neary Florrinell F. Morton Scholarship Amanda Davis Richard W. Peck Scholarship Madeline Mahony Agnes Corkern Sayers Endowed Fellowship Kellie Gleason Dorothy Beckemeyer Skau Scholarship Emily Metrock Sidone Lawrence Walker Scholarship Cameron Lowry H.W. Wilson Scholarship Stephanie Mealer Nettie P. Wilson Scholarship Jennifer Levasseur Beth M. Paskoff Award Marisol Ortiz & Rachel Sherman SLIS Student Travel Award Roxanne Guidry
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Is There a Doctor in the House? D
uring the fall of 2019, SLIS partnered with the LSU College of Art & Designâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Doctor of Design (DDes) in Cultural Preservation program to begin offering the Graduate Certificate in Archival Studies as one of the DDes areas of specialization. Through this unique partnership, DDes students focusing on archival studies graduate with both degrees. Launched in fall 2017, the DDes program arose from the confluence of current professional trends, education conditions, and college administratorsâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; interest in leveraging existing resources into new opportunities. The program is the first advanced academic degree offered within the College of Art & Designâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;and the first of its kind in Louisiana and the Gulf Region. The doctoral program highlights the many ways in which the study, preservation, and
enhancement of cultural initiatives and resources benefit the economy of communities and the quality of life for their residents. The multidisciplinary degree was created to meet increasing demands for advanced training and experimentation in the management and preservation of cultural heritage.
The 60-credit-hour program encompasses six semesters of study and 45 hours of course offerings specific to the curriculum and its advanced nature, mostly devoted to individual, supervised research, requiring students to work one-on-one with faculty. Students share a common core of seminars on cultural preservation and research methods, while the curriculum for each specialization includes allied subjects and special requirements to ensure cross-disciplinary study.
As an advanced academic degree, the DDes will generate graduates prepared to fill leadership positions in numerous professional and academic fields related to the cultural economy and thereby make significant contributions to the advancement of cultural preservation in Louisiana and throughout the country. For more information about the DDes/CAST program, contact Dr. Michael Desmond, Director of Graduate Studies at the LSU College of Art & Design, or Dr. Ed Benoit from SLIS. https://design.lsu.edu/doctordesign-cultural-preservation/
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