(Photo credit courtesy of NFL/LA RAMS)
FEBRUARY 18, 2022 • VOLUME 06 • ISSUE 07 • AMERICA’S LGBTQ NEWS SOURCE • LOSANGELESBLADE.COM
These 5 out gay guys cheered the Rams to a history-making Super Bowl victory Los Angeles is one of 11 NFL teams with male cheerleaders
By DAWN ENNIS When the Los Angeles Rams brought the Vince Lombardi Trophy home to SoFi Stadium Sunday in the team’s 23-20 Super Bowl victory over the Cincinnati Bengals, it wasn’t just the coaches and the men in the jerseys, shoulder pads and cleats celebrating. The team won with the encouragement of ﬁve energetic, out and proud gay men, an essential part of the Rams squad of 28 cheerleaders. “It’s like a dream,” co-captain Napoleon told the Los Angeles Blade in a media availability on Friday. “I feel like we’re bringing this army of out gay, proud men with us.” He described the feeling as being caught in “a whirlwind.” “First, having it be at home in L.A., it feels amazing, seeing all the banners everywhere,” said Napoleon. The Super Bowl LVI logo adorning all those banners and everything else related to the big game was actually the work of a transgender woman. More about her story later on. As ESPN reported, it was the Rams’ second Super Bowl championship and ﬁrst title in Los Angeles since 1951. The other co-captain, Napoleon’s fellow trailblazer Quinton, called being on the sidelines on Sunday “a badge of honor.” Also, since this is also Black History Month, he said that makes their diversity even more special. “We have Jose, who’s Hispanic. Eswinn’s Hispanic. Brendan’s white. Napoleon is Filipino Black. I’m Black. We have so much to choose from, and there’s no way a little boy or girl Inglewood, CA: September 12, 2021: Los Angeles Rams host the Chicago Bears at Soﬁ Stadium. The Rams beat the Bears 34-14 can look at our team (Carrie Giordano/Los Angeles Rams) and not see themselves, same with our female teammates. We have so much diversity, it’s awesome.” Three years ago, Quinton, 29, and Napoleon, 31, broke the gender barrier as the NFL’s ﬁrst male cheerleaders to work the sidelines of a Super Bowl. And while 11 NFL teams now have men on their squads, the Rams now have ﬁve. “It was our rookie year when we went the ﬁrst time,” Jinnies added. And now in their fourth season with the Rams, he and Peron are the elders, with Diaz being the only one of the rookies with two seasons under his belt. So, with a record-setting ﬁve out gay men cheering on the Rams, the Big Game was a historic moment in sports and for the LGBTQ community, and that was not lost on these guys. Yet it also came amid rising anti-LGBTQ hate, which concerned at least one of the rookie cheerleaders. “I’ve been having fear that I was going to be accepted and that all the men in the audience were not going to be kind,” said Eswinn, 29, from Long Beach. “But now, being on the ﬁeld and performing, I remember that we get a lot of messages, kind messages from people saying how grateful and excited they are for us, and it means a lot to me and to all of us.” Those supportive fans approached the rookie cheerleaders at an event Thursday in San-
ta Monica, said Jose, who’s from Indiana and records fun, informative videos for kids on the cheerleaders’ oﬃcial Instagram account. “We had a fan come up to us and say, ‘I remember when the ﬁrst two men joined the team and now there are four of you.’ And we’re like, ‘No, there’s ﬁve.’ And he was like, ‘Oh my goodness! That is amazing news. I’m so happy to hear that. I love that there are more and more men on this team, and you guys are representing something far greater than just cheer and dance and yourselves.’ So, knowing that we have the support within ourselves and within our amazing little community is just something that really gets us through.” “You know, I still pinch myself,” said Brendan, 22, from Shelby Township, Mich. He said he and Jose moved to California after college to try-out for the squad. “I still remember, watching Quentin and Napoleon on “Good Morning America” in 2018, and now they’re sleeping over at our house, like in between practice. I get to call these men who were my idols, my best friends now. And so, it still feels so surreal.” “This is the right moment for it to happen,” said Jose, 22, remembering everything fans and athletes have been through during the COVID-19 pandemic. “To have ﬁve men on the ﬁeld as cheerleaders for the Super Bowl, that’s history. That’s actually a huge moment for queer representation, and for the Rams and a ﬁrst for the Super Bowl and at SoFi; just a lot of ﬁrsts. But the wait was worth it, for sure.” Jose said he hoped fans in the stands and viewers watching on Sunday were aware that all this progress started with Black queer men. “When Quentin and Napoleon ﬁrst made the team, it gave me hope,” he said. “It gave me a new outlook on life, and it allowed me to believe that my dreams were able to be achieved. And now here I am dancing beside them, and it’s a really great feeling to become the representation that I wanted so badly as a kid.” “As a Black man, I got into dancing because I saw somebody looked like me on TV,” noted Quinton. “I feel like we have so much representation and diversity on this team and we’re so inclusive. Also, who gets to say they’ve been to two Super Bowls in four years? Not many people can say that.” This was Maureen Raisch’s ﬁrst Super Bowl, and she scored an invite to all the festivities associated with it, including the NFL Honors awards ceremony. As the New Yorker walked the red carpet, almost everywhere she looked, she saw examples of her work as part of the NFL’s creative team. That red, palm tree-layered logo with the roman numerals LVI was her design. And Raisch just happens to be a transgender woman. “The concept was developed through 2020, actually through my transition,” Raisch told me. “And as I came out to the team, we were closing in on the actual mark, the ﬁnal, what we call the primary mark, you know, the primary logo.” The ﬁnal image was part of what Raisch, 39, described as a collaborative eﬀort. “It’s got the reﬂectivity of California, like the idea of the golden hour sunset, tied to ﬁlm. It’s a cinematic story of L.A.: The greatness, the entertainment value. And then kind of making the analogy of the bigger conclusion, the epic ﬁnale, if you will, of the NFL season and all the storylines. So, there’s some cool cohesion with the visual concept of L.A., between the city and connecting it to the Super Bowl,” with the Lombardi trophy reﬂecting a glimmer of that California red sunset. That trophy now resides back in L.A. for the ﬁrst time since 1951. Raisch, who came out during Trans Awareness Week in November, said the NFL has been super supportive of her and her transition, and she sees her job as being a supporter of sports fans. “The best work we do is when we take the fan experience, the fan culture and all that into account,” she said. “You take that into consideration and you’re doing work for the fans.” Follow Maureen Raisch on Instagram at @maureendeets. Follow the L.A. Rams cheerleaders at @laramscheer. And watch a video of the cheerleaders’ media availability on YouTube by clicking here. Note: the Rams requested the Blade exclude the cheerleaders’ last names for their own protection. LOSANGELESBLADE.COM • FEBRUARY 18, 2022 • 03
Third annual “Gun Violence is a ‘Drag’” beneﬁt held at Precinct DTLA
Show was hosted by RPDR’s Ongina with performances from Jessica Wild, Mariah Balenciaga, Victoria “Porkchop” Parker & Denver’s Jessica L’whor By STAFF REPORTS
LOS ANGELES – This past weekend, on February 6th, The Dru Project gathered at Precinct DTLA to raise money and awareness at their third annual Gun Violence is a Drag show. Put on by co-producers Tennessee Martin, Domenic Vermeulen, and The Dru Project’s Communications Director Sara Grossman, the event was ﬁlled with celebrities, a drag show, and queer joy – one of the main tenants of The Dru Project’s mission. The organization was launched in 2016, shortly after the Pulse Nightclub shooting, to honor victim Drew Leinonen. To date, the organization has given out over $100,000 in scholarships to LGBTQ+ leaders and grants to gay-straight alliances. In light of the “Don’t Say Gay” legislation From one of the tables at Precinct, DTLA (Photo credit: Sara Elizabeth Grossman/CODE-mktg) currently being discussed in Florida, it is more important than ever to ensure LGBTQ+ youth are taken care of and aﬃrmed. Celebrities Jonathan Bennett, Jaymes Vaughan, and Melissa Rivers jumped on stage during the drag show’s intermission to help raise money. “Growing up, I was raised in a home that was very tolerant. The outsiders were the ones who weren’t. I know I disap-
pointed my mother by not being a gay man and then having a son who is also not gay, but we do what we can to support,” Melissa Rivers said of her late mother, Joan. She also mentioned, “We have come a long way since wearing red ribbons. Now they’re rainbow so we may never forget what happened June 12, 2016.” “The Downtown Los Angeles bar Precinct’s owners were amazing to work with,” Sara Grossman told The Blade. “You usually see these events take place in West Hollywood, but it’s fantastic to see the gay scene spreading out around the city.” Grossman said that Precinct generously donated the space, helped them plan for seating, and even pledged part of the event’s kitchen and bar revenue to the organization. Other celebrities who showed out for the cause included the original Queer Eye’s Jai Rodriguez, Once Upon a Time’s Lana Parilla, and Katie Thurston from the Bachelorette. Together with the event’s sponsors – pride groups from diﬀerent studios (Legendary, ATN Entertainment, Glamazon, A&E, Starz, and Lionsgate), the room raised $25,000 for LGBTQ+ youth. Now in its 6th year operating, The Dru Project’s GSA guide has been downloaded in almost every state and in 14 diﬀerent countries – something they know Drew Leinonen would be proud of. The show was hosted by RPDR’s Ongina and featured performances from Jessica Wild, Mariah Balenciaga, Victoria “Porkchop” Parker, and Denver’s Jessica L’whor. “We can’t wait to return to Precinct for another Gun Violence is a Drag,” Grossman said. “It could not have been better if we tried. We strive every day to create a world that Drew would have been proud of. I think he’d be pleased with how things are going for us.”
Rapper shot at WeHo area restaurant during Bieber hosted after-party Justin Bieber had headlined a Super Bowl-week party dubbed “Homecoming Weekend” event at the Paciﬁc Design Center in West Hollywood earlier By STAFF REPORTS
someone, then gunshots were heard. BEVERLY GROVE – The Los Angeles Police Department is Madison would not conﬁrm TMZ’s reporting. searching for the person who opened ﬁre on patrons outside According to TMZ, the guest list included several A-list celeba restaurant located at 401 North La Cienega Boulevard early rities, including Bieber, his wife Hailey Rhode Bieber, Kendall Saturday morning. Jenner, Khloe Kardashian, Leonardo DiCaprio and Tobey MaAmong those wounded was 24-year-old rapper Kodak Black, guire. However the LAPD would not conﬁrm if the celebrities whose legal name is Bill Kapri, who gained notoriety after his were present at the time of the shooting. prison sentence was commuted by former President Donald Los Angeles Fire Department paramedics responded and Trump. transported two victims to local hospitals with non-life-threatLAPD spokesperson Drake Madison said that police reening injuries. Oﬃcers discovered there were two additional sponded to reports of the shooting at 2:45AM locating the vicvictims who self-transported to local hospitals, bringing the tims outside of The NICE GUY restaurant, which is popular with total shot to four. All four victims are listed in stable condition. celebrities. A 19-year-old man, a 24-year-old man, a 60-yearThe suspect is described as a male Black. No arrests have old man and possibly a 22-year-old man — who left the scene (Los Angeles Blade ﬁle photo) been made. — were wounded, Madison said Anyone with information on this crime is urged to call The restaurant was hosting an after-party for Justin Bieber, Wilshire Robbery Detective B. Romero, at (213) 922-8217. who had headlined a Super Bowl-week party dubbed “HomeDuring non-business hours or on the weekends, calls should be directed To 1-877-LAPDcoming Weekend” event at the Paciﬁc Design Center in West Hollywood Friday evening. 24-7 (877-527-3247). Anyone wishing to remain anonymous should call Crime Stoppers at Upon arrival, oﬃcers located two victims of gunshot wounds. Preliminary investigation 1-800-222-TIPS (800-222-8477). revealed there was a physical altercation between several individuals at the location. GunTipsters may also contact Crime Stoppers by texting to phone number 274637 (C-R-Ishots were ﬁred by an unknown suspect, who then ﬂed south from the location. M-E-S on most keypads) with a cell phone. All text messages should begin with the letters Witnesses told detectives from the LAPD’s Wilshire Area that there was an altercation. “LAPD.” Celebrity gossip website TMZ claimed that Kodak Black, Gunna and Lil Baby were standing Tipsters may also go to www.LAPDONLINE.org, click on “webtips” and follow the prompts. on the street when a ﬁght broke out. In a cell phone video, Kodak allegedly took a swing at
04 • FEBRUARY 18, 2022 • LOSANGELESBLADE.COM
Senator Wiener introduces major mental health workforce legislation
SB 964 increases investment in California’s mental health workforce and creates new opportunities for recent Masters in Social Work graduates By STAFF REPORTS SACRAMENTO – Out Senator Scott Wiener (D-San Francisco) introduced Senate Bill 964 Thursday, the Behavioral Health Workforce Revitalization Act. SB 964 increases California’s investment in its behavioral workforce in order to retain workers, increase the size of the behavioral health workforce, and support behavioral health workers who are facing a signiﬁcant increase in demand for services. “The key to better mental health and addiction care is investing in our mental health workforce,” said Senator Wiener. “Mental health workers are heroes, and they have some of the hardest jobs out there. They should be paid a living wage and given opportunities for career advancement. If we allow this shortage to grow, we will continue to fail to provide people – particularly our most underserved communities – with the mental health care they so badly need.” “Our behavioral health workforce is strained and struggling,” said Maggie Merritt, Executive Director of the Steinberg Institute. “We urgently need to rebuild and invigorate it with a holistic approach. A revitalized workforce that is treated fairly and represents all Californians will ensure that our most vulnerable get the help they deserve.” SB 964 is a critical investment in our behavioral health workforce. The legislation establishes a Behavioral Health Workforce Preservation and Restoration Fund to provide hiring and performance-based bonuses, salary increases or supplements, overtime pay, and hazard pay for workers in the behavioral health sector. SB 964 also creates a stipend program for students in Master of Social Work (MSW) programs who specialize in public behavioral health. Students will be eligible for a stipend of $18,500 a year for up to two years, and will be required to complete two years of continuous, full-time employment in a public behavioral health agency. In addition, SB 964: Creates an online job board where licensed providers in California can post job openings for behavioral health workers in order to increases awareness about job opportunities Expands access to culturally competent care by making peer support specialists a statewide Medi-Cal beneﬁt and establishing a statewide certifying body to certify these peer specialists Develops accelerated social work programs with new coursework focused on behavioral health Amends the existing Medicaid Graduate Medical Education Code to add behavioral health providers to the list of those eligible under the program
Creates new career ladders for peers and community health workers by developing an accelerated program from certiﬁcation to associates, bachelors, and masters programs Requires a study of California’s behavioral health licensing requirements to eliminate unnecessary bureaucratic barriers that keep welltrained and talented workers from entering the ﬁeld and working at the top of their scope Requires a comprehensive landLunar New Year speech by Sen. SCOTT WIENER in San scape analysis of the behavioral Francisco, February 1, 2022 health workforce to further develop (Photo Credit: Oﬃce of Sen. Scott Wiener) strategies for retaining workers Currently, only one-third of Californians who live with a mental illness receive the care they need. One of the largest drivers of this failure is a shortage of behavioral healthcare workers. Today, 31 California counties in “high need” for mental health services report having a workforce shortage. With healthcare workers resigning in droves and mental health needs skyrocketing as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic, the behavioral health workforce shortage has gone from challenge to crisis. Even with the increase in need for quality mental health and addiction treatment, facilities across the state are closing due to worker shortages. When workers can instead, for example, become traveling nurses and receive a $100,000 signing bonus, it becomes even more diﬃcult for hospitals and other facilities to retain staﬀ. And without essential behavioral health workers providing this important care, people with mild mental health symptoms can fall into severe mental illness.
CONTINUED AT LOSANGELESBLADE.COM
Newsom announces $312 Million for New Clean California projects The projects are expected to generate 3,600 jobs led by Caltrans to remove trash and beautify community gateways By STAFF REPORTS
SAN FRANCISCO – As part of his landmark $1.1 billion Clean California initiative, Governor Gavin Newsom announced the award of $311.7 million for 126 NEWSOM visits site of $2.6 million Clean beautification California beautiﬁcation project in San projects along Francisco (Photo Credit: Oﬃce of the Governor) the state highway system – with 98 percent of the projects beneﬁting historically underserved or excluded communities. Designed to foster cultural connections and civic pride, the projects are expected to generate 3,600 jobs as part of the multiyear initiative led by Caltrans to remove trash and beautify community gateways and public areas along highways, streets
and roads while creating thousands of jobs for Californians. “With Clean California projects transforming more and more sites across the state, we’re taking the next step to create enriching public spaces that serve the needs of our diverse communities and that all of us can take pride in – starting in the neighborhoods that need it most,” said Newsom. “Working together, the state and local governments are advancing unique beautiﬁcation projects that will make a positive impact for years to come.” Developed in close collaboration with tribal and local governments, non-proﬁts and businesses, the 126 state beautiﬁcation projects will be completed in 47 of California’s 58 counties, including art installations, green space and proposals that improve safety and promote community connections. Construction will begin in April 2022, a full list of the projects can be found here. Governor Newsom announced the grants Friday at an interchange in San Francisco, the site of a new $2.6 million project that will include a tree nursery, dog park and other features.
In addition to these awards for Clean California projects along the state right-of-way, the Administration in December announced the availability of almost $300 million in grants to cities and counties for local projects that will clean and beautify neighborhood streets, parks and transit centers throughout California. Caltrans will review the project proposals from cities, counties, transit agencies, tribal governments and other governmental entities and announce grant recipients on March 1. The Governor’s California Blueprint proposes an additional $100 million to fund additional local Clean California grants. Over three years, Clean California will remove an additional 1.2 million cubic yards, or 21,000 tons, of trash from the state system alone – enough to ﬁll the Rose Bowl three times over. The initiative has already resulted in 6,300 tons of litter removed from the State Highway System and, to date, Caltrans has hired 528 new team members, including 428 maintenance workers who collect litter and perform maintenance duties like graﬃti removal.
LOSANGELESBLADE.COM • FEBRUARY 18, 2022 • 05
Newsom signs sick leave extension, expanded relief for small businesses
SB 114 ensures employees have access to COVID-19 supplemental paid sick leave through September 30, 2022 By STAFF REPORTS
OAKLAND – Governor Gavin Newsom on Wednesday visited a small business in Oakland to sign legislation extending COVID-19 supplemental paid sick leave for workers, and early budget action to provide an additional $6.1 billion in tax relief, tax credits and direct grants for small businesses hit hard by the pandemic, bolstering the state’s historic COVID relief eﬀorts and investing in California’s iconic entrepreneurial economy. “As California continues to lead the nation’s economic recovery, today’s action deepens our commitment to supporting the workers and businesses that have sustained us all during this unprecedented pandemic and are driving our economy,” said Newsom. “We’re ensuring that workers have the time they need to take care of themselves and their loved ones, expanding our nation-leading small business relief grant program and supporting the businesses whose innovation and entrepreneurial spirit help make California the 5th largest economy in the world.” Outlined by the Governor, Senate President pro Tempore Toni G. Atkins and Assembly Speaker Anthony Rendon in January, SB 114 by the Committee on Budget and Fiscal Review ensures that employees continue to have access to up to 80 hours of COVID-19 supplemental paid sick leave through September 30, 2022, which may be used by employees who have been advised to quarantine, those caring for COVID-impacted family members, attending a COVID-19 vaccination appointment, and more. Small businesses employing 25 or fewer workers are exempt from the legislation, which is retroactive to sick leave taken beginning January 1, 2022. “Paid sick leave is key to ensuring workers don’t have to make the impossible choice between going to work sick or losing wages needed to pay rent and keep food on the table,” said Art Pulaski, Executive Secretary-Treasurer of the California Labor Federation. “By signing COVID paid sick leave into law today, Gov. Newsom provided critical protection to frontline workers and families across the state, and underscored California’s commitment to the essential workers that have given so much to help our communities weather this devastating pandemic.” Building on last year’s robust support for small businesses impacted by the pandemic — including $6.2 billion in tax relief for small businesses that received Paycheck Protection Program loans — Governor Newsom today signed SB 113 by the Committee on Budget and Fiscal Review to provide an additional $6.1 billion in tax relief, tax credits and direct grants to the hardest hit businesses. SB 113 includes provisions that: Provide a nearly $500 million tax cut for restaurants and venues: By conforming state tax policy for the federal Restaurant Revitalization Fund and federal Shuttered Venue Operators grant programs, grants received by such businesses will not be considered taxable by the state – translating into a tax cut totaling nearly $500 million over the coming years. Restore $5.5 billion in tax credits and deductions for California businesses: By restoring business tax credits, including for research and development and the net operating loss deduction for businesses one year early, the near-term beneﬁt for such businesses is estimated to reach $5.5 billion. Invest $150 million in COVID-19 relief grants for California’s small businesses: SB 113 invests an additional $150 million in California’s Small Business COVID-19 Relief Grant Program to fund applicants on the waitlist – the program has provided grants of up to $25,000 for small businesses impacted by the pandemic. “This business relief package of more than $6 billion will help to oﬀset losses employers have incurred, help create good paying jobs, and will speed up our 06 • FEBRUARY 18, 2022 • LOSANGELESBLADE.COM
Governor NEWSOM signs paid sick leave extension and COVID relief for small businesses while visiting NIDO’s BackYard in Oakland. (Photo Credit: Oﬃce of the Governor)
economic recovery from the pandemic,” said Jennifer Barrera, CEO of the California Chamber of Commerce. “While we have more work to do, this sends the right message that California is investing in the success of our business community.” “Paid sick leave is a life or death issue for grocery workers like me and the customers in our stores,” said Samantha Webster, a grocery store worker at Safeway in Hercules and a member of the United Food and Commercial Workers Local 5. “I’m proud of the way grocery workers came together to demand this important public health measure. Having access to supplemental paid sick leave will now let me stay home if I need to and not have to worry about getting my customers and coworkers sick.” From the beginning of the pandemic, the Administration has taken action to protect and support California’s workforce, including expanding access to job-protected Paid Family Leave and workers’ compensation; more resources for critical child support services for essential employees and vulnerable populations; additional weekly unemployment beneﬁts; building a pipeline of personal protective equipment to help workers stay safe on the job; and support for employees to isolate and quarantine outside their home, among other measures. “I’m grateful to the Governor and our leaders in the Legislature for taking this urgent action to support teachers like me with the paid sick leave we need to keep ourselves, our families and colleagues safe while providing a safe learning environment for students,” said Johanna Garcia Normart, a teacher at Eden Gardens Elementary in Hayward. “This extension will help our schools continue to meet the unprecedented pandemic challenges we face every day.” “Paid COVID sick leave really matters for all workers, and especially for health care workers, who need it in order to provide quality safe services to our patients and communities, and in order to take care of ourselves and families, too,” said Mayra Castaneda, a health care technologist and member of SEIU UHW. For full text of the bills, visit: http://leginfo.legislature.ca.gov.
Newsom announces $38 million to combat youth homelessness By STAFF REPORTS
SACRAMENTO – Taking action to support teens and young adults experiencing homelessness, Governor Gavin Newsom today announced $38 million in new grants for community-based organizations across Governor GAVIN NEWSOM (Photo Credit: Oﬃce of the Governor) the state through the Homeless Youth Emergency Services and Housing Program. The grants will allow local service providers to deliver temporary housing and supportive services for youth experiencing homelessness. “These grants will provide relief and emergency support to young people across California experiencing homelessness, who are too often left in dire situations to fend for themISO 12647-7 Digital Control Strip 2009 selves,” said 100 Governor “We’re providing immediate 100 60 70 Newsom. 30 100 60 100 70 30 100 60 A aid for those living on our streets – bringing resources and services directly to young people in need and helping them onto a path towards a stable future.” The grants are being distributed through the Oﬃce of B 100 100 60 100 100 70 70 30 30 100 100 100 70 70 30 30 orga100 100 60 Emergency Services (Cal OES) to 100 1260community-based nizations from San Diego to Humboldt for local partners to provide youth experiencing homelessness with access to a range of housing options that meet their needs, as well as mental health support with crisis intervention and stabilization services.
“This funding represents an important lifeline in protecting adults experiencing short or long-term housing instability. some of the most vulnerable members of our communities,” California has the second highest rate of unsheltered youth said Cal OES Director Mark Ghilarducci. “Through the partnerexperiencing homelessness in the nation, and the number is ship with these community-based organizations we are able growing. Nearly 36 percent of all homeless youth in the Unitto provide meaningful support and change lives.” ed States are living in California without a safe place to call “Addressing youth homelessness takes a village,” said home. These targeted grants bolster Governor Newsom’s Business, Consumer Services and Housing Agency Secretary wider eﬀorts to protect vulnerable Californians by combatLourdes Castro Ramírez, who serves as Co-Chair of the Caliting the root causes of homelessness and rebuilding the fornia Interagency Council on Homelessness. “This is why this state’s mental and behavioral health infrastructure. investment in community-based organizations that make up “Funding from the Homeless Youth Grant Program will the village and provide bridges of support to young people is provide meals, supportive engagement counselors, case an important part of our eﬀorts to prevent and end homemanagement services, educational re-engagement services, lessness.” and ﬂexible housing funds that can be used for short-term The following organizations were awarded Homeless Youth hotel vouchers, food cards, and transportation cards, to enEmergency Services and Housing Program grants: sure youth have a safe place oﬀ the streets as they await lonBill Wilson Center (Santa Clara County) ger-term housing placements,” said Sherilyn Adams, Executive Center for Human Services (Stanislaus County) Director of Larkin Street Youth Services in San Francisco. “LarCommunity Human Services (Monterey County) kin Street will utilize OES funds to ensure young people are Interface & 40 Family County) 100 70 Children 30 100 40 100Services 40 100 (Ventura 40 70 40 70 40 40 40 70 40 40 70 40 70 40 40linked 3 to transitional, 10 25 50 75 100 quickly supportive, and90 subsidy-based Larkin Street Youth Services (San Francisco County) housing resources via low-barrier engagement programs in Orangewood Foundation (Orange County) our Engagement and Community Center.” Redwood Community Action Agency (Humboldt County) “This grant will expand the range of housing options availRuby’s Place (Alameda County) able to youth experiencing homelessness in Orange Coun100San 10.2 7.4 7.4 25 19 19 to 50 40 40 75 66 66 youth 100 100 100 through 80 70 70 100 100 Diego 70 70 30 30 100 40 100 40 40 100 10 40 40 20 70 70 70 70 40 70 40 40 0 0 0 0 enable 3.1 2.2 2.2 Orangewood Youth Services (San Diego County) ty and shepherd the Volunteers of America Los Angeles (Los Angeles County) continuum of housing, ranging from emergency shelter to Waking the Village (Sacramento County) independent housing,” said Chris Simonsen, Chief Executive Women’s Center – Youth & Family Services (San Joaquin Oﬃcer of the Orangewood Foundation in Santa Ana. County) T:10" The funds aim to ensure safe shelter for teens and young CONTINUED AT LOSANGELESBLADE.COM 3%
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LOSANGELESBLADE.COM • FEBRUARY 18, 2022 • 07
Out Black congressmen to CDC: require insurers to cover injectable PrEP
“We urge you to ensure that public and private insurance plans cover Apretude at no cost to patients — just like the other forms of PrEP” By STAFF REPORTS
WASHINGTON – A pair of the openly gay Black members are ViiV is the manufacturer of Apretude and expects to start shipping leading a group of 58 House Democrats in calling on the Biden it to wholesalers and distributors early this year, according to the administration to require medical insurers to cover PrEP in its recompany website. cently FDA-approved form as an injectable HIV preventative drug. If the U.S. government were to issue rules requiring insurers In a letter dated Feb. 4 and made public on Thursday, Reps. to cover injectable PrEP, it would follow-up on earlier actions to Ritchie Torres (D-N.Y.) and Mondaire Jones (D-N.Y.) lead colleagues make HIV prevention drugs more widely available. The CDC unin urging the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid and the Centers der the Trump administration made free PrEP available to those for Disease Control to issue the new requirements for Apretude, without insurance coverage, while the Biden administration iswhich the Food & Drug Administration approved for use in Desued requirements to make insurers include PrEP as part of their cember. coverage. “To ensure that this life-saving medication is as accessible as According to a statement accompanying the letter, however, possible to the people who need it most, particularly LGBTQ+ peosigniﬁcant racial disparities remain in PrEP use: “While the HIV ple and people of color, we urge you to ensure that public and priinfection rate among Black Americans is eight times as high as U.S. Capitol building (Blade photo by Michael Key) vate insurance plans cover Apretude at no cost to patients — just among white Americans, just nine percent of the Black Amerilike the other forms of PrEP,” the letter says. cans for whom PrEP is recommended have been prescribed the While PrEP has emerged in recent years as an HIV prevention medication, compared to 66 percent of their white counterparts. treatment in the form of a daily pill, commonly Truvada, the injectable drug oﬀers patients Similarly, while the HIV infection rate among Hispanic Americans is four times as high as as potential alternative or those who may experience pill fatigue with a shot expected to among white Americans, only 16 percent of recommended Hispanic Americans have been be taken one month apart, and then every two months thereafter, according to the FDA. prescribed PrEP.”
Tennessee considers LGBTQ+ education ban- ‘Don’t say gay’ “I think [LGBTQ+ education] is something that should be left to mom and dad at home,” state Rep. Bruce Griﬀey (R) said By ZACHARY JARRELL
NASHVILLE – Lawmakers in Tennessee are considering a bill that would ban the teaching of LGBTQ+ issues and lifestyles in public schools. The Tennessee legislation is similar to a bill going through the Florida legislature, referred to by opponents as the “Don’t Say Gay” bill, that has received national attention, including condemnation from the White House. H.B. 800, introduced by state Rep. Bruce Griﬀey, would ban textbooks and other instructional materials in Tennessee public schools that “promote, normalize, support, or address controversial social issues, such as lesbian, gay, bi-sexual, and transgender (LGBT) lifestyles.” The legislation states that LGBTQ+ issues and lifestyles are “inappropriate” and oﬀend a “signiﬁcant portion” of students, parents and Tennessee residents with “Christian values.” “The promotion of LGBT issues and lifestyles should be subject to the same restrictions and limitations placed on the teaching of religion in public schools,” the bill reads. Chris Sanders, the executive director of the statewide LGBTQ+ rights group the Tennessee Equality Project, said the bill would have a “devastating” eﬀect on LGBTQ+ students. “It erases them and stigmatizes them. It marginalizes students who have LGBTQ parents. It gives the green light to bullies because it sends the message that there is something wrong with our community, a message that many students are already hearing loud and clear without extra help from the Legislature,” Sanders told the Blade in an email. Griﬀey did not immediately respond to a request for comment. However, during a recent state House Finance, Ways and Means Committee hearing, Griﬀey brieﬂy spoke about the bill, which was introduced last year in what was a record year for anti-LGBTQ+ legislation. “I think [LGBTQ+ education] is something that should be left to mom and dad at home,” he said. Florida is considering a similar bill, deemed the “Don’t Say Gay” bill, which would ban 08 • FEBRUARY 18, 2022 • LOSANGELESBLADE.COM
classroom discussions about sexual orientation and gender identity that are not “age-appropriate” in schools – though it is not clear what is considered “age-appropriate.” LGBTQ+ advocates and Democrats around the nation have criticized the legislation. The White House recently said the bill was “cynically using our students as pawns in political warfare.” Tennessee Capitol Building “Just imagine what it would (Photo Credit: State of Tennessee) feel like to be a kid watching the leaders in your state bully you through legislation that tries to erase your existence,” a White House spokesperson said. “These types of attacks are the root cause of the mental health crisis that LGBTQI+ face. The president wants LGBTQI+ young people who may be feeling scared or alone because of these legislative attacks to know that they are loved exactly for who they are, and that he won’t stop ﬁghting for the protections and safety they deserve.” The bill continues to move through the Florida statehouse, with Republican Gov. Ron DeSantis signaling support for the legislation – saying it is “entirely inappropriate” for teachers and school administrators to have conversations with students about their gender identity. The Tennessee bill has stalled for the time being, but, according to Sanders, it should be back before the House “soon.”
West Virginia Trans man wins broad nondiscrimination protections LGBTQ people face a “patchwork of protections” against discriminationThe state is one of 29 with no law to ban discrimination in employment By ZACHARY JARRELL
CHARLESTON, Wv. – A West Virginia Trans man won a three-year-long legal battle late last year, establishing legal precedent that protects LGBTQ+ people in the state from discrimination. Robb Livingood, a Trans man, sued West Virginia’s Fifth Judicial Circuit Public Defender’s Oﬃce, alleging it denied the public defender a position he was qualiﬁed for because he was transitioning – publicly presenting as a masculine woman and privately experimenting with diﬀerent pronouns. The job ended up going to someone with signiﬁcantly less experience, the Mountain State Spotlight reported. “I had spent a life building my resume and my qualiﬁcations, and I was bringing a lot to the table,” Livingood told the outlet, adding: “To be turned away from a job on a basis other than my qualiﬁcations, that just struck me as a gross injustice.” In court ﬁlings, the Fifth Circuit Public Defender’s Oﬃce argued that Livingood was underqualiﬁed for the position and stated Trans people “are not a protected class under West Virginia’s Human Rights Act.” It also denied that the oﬃce discriminates on any basis in its hiring decisions, according to the Spotlight. However, a December 2021 ruling from a judge on West Virginia’s Human Rights Commission disagreed with both claims, saying that the oﬃce did discriminate against Livingood. The interpretation of the West Virginia civil rights laws gives LGBTQ+ people in the state protections against discrimination. “It surprised me, in a good way,” Livingood told the Spotlight. The public defender’s oﬃce appealed the decision but did so after the deadline, the
outlet reported. The commission has yet to decide whether they’ll consider the late appeal. The ruling comes as West Virginia lawmakers have tried to pass a bipartisan proposal, called the Fairness Act, to update human rights law to include explicit protections for LGBTQ+ people in the state. Though the ROBB LIVINGOOD (via Facebook) legislation has been endorsed across the state, including more than 100 diverse faith leaders, it has not made it out of the state legislature. In 2020, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that existing federal law prohibiting discrimination in employment based on an employee’s sex also protects LGBTQ employees. LGBTQ people face a “patchwork of protections” against discrimination, according to Fairness West Virginia. The state is one of 29 states with no state law to ban discrimination in employment. According to a Norman Analytics and Research poll, 81% of West Virginians believe non-discrimination laws in the state should be strengthened.
Arizona Republican breaks from party to block anti-Trans bill
The legislation was one of Arizona’s 15 anti-LGBTQ+ bills introduced so far this year, the most of any state By ZACHARY JARRELL
PHOENIX – A bill aiming to ban gender-afﬁrming care for LGBTQ+ youth in Arizona is eﬀectively dead after Republican state Sen. Tyler Pace broke from his party last week and voted against the legislation. The rare and unexpected move came last Wednesday with Pace joining three Democratic colleagues on the Arizona Legislature’s Health and Human Services Committee, splitting the vote 4-4 and eﬀectively stalling the bill. Though Pace saw “both sides,” he attributed his vote to the testimony of LGBTQ+ youth and their parents against the anti-Trans youth health care bill. “The testimonies we heard today about Arizona Republican state Senator TYLER PACE the many people who are using these ave(Photo Credit: Oﬃce of Senator Tyler Pace) nues of medical treatments to save lives, to improve lives,” he said during the committee hearing, “I don’t want my vote to stop those great things.” At the hearing, Trans youth and their families stood in front of the committee to testify against the anti-Trans bill. “Kids like me should be able to be who they are without lawmakers attacking their rights,” said Samuel Cars, who identiﬁes as Trans and bisexual. “I ask you when you vote on this bill to think about me and this question: What side of history do you want to be on? Because the only way to be on the right side is vote no on this bill.” Other people who spoke to the committee noted how the bill could increase suicide rates 10 • FEBRUARY 18, 2022 • LOSANGELESBLADE.COM
for Trans youth in the state. Late last year, LGBTQ+ youth suicide prevention group The Trevor Project found a strong link between gender-aﬃrming therapy and lower rates of suicide and depression in Trans youth. The legislation – S.B. 1138, which sought to ban gender-aﬃrming care to Trans and nonbinary youth, including reversible puberty blockers, hormone therapy and surgeries – was one of Arizona’s 15 anti-LGBTQ+ bills introduced so far this year, the most of any state, according to NBC News. Pro-LGBTQ+ activists and lawmakers grew so concerned over the legislative landscape that they hosted a press conference last month, sounding alarm bells over the anti-LGBTQ+ bills. “This is an attack on human rights,” said Arizona state Rep. César Chávez, chairman of the Arizona LGBTQ Legislative Caucus, at the press conference hosted by the HRC. “We’re criminalizing individuals for being who they are. On top of that, we’re criminalizing doctors and health care workers, individuals that are doing their job.” The Arizona state Senate passed an anti-Trans sports bill at the beginning of February that would restrict Trans women and girls from playing on school sports teams that match their gender identity. Pace voted in favor of the legislation. Last year, Arkansas and Tennessee passed similar gender-aﬃrming care bans, making them the only two states in the country to do so. However, a federal judge blocked the Arkansas ban last summer, according to LGBTQ+ research nonproﬁt the Movement Advancement Project (MAP). MAP also notes that Tennessee’s law prohibits medical providers from providing hormone-related medication to “prepubertal minors.” “Best practice medical care for transgender youth only includes such medication once a youth has entered puberty, not prior to it, and this further illustrates how these legislative eﬀorts reﬂect a fundamental lack of understanding of medical care for transgender youth,” it added. “However, this legislation sets a dangerous precedent for further restrictions of medical care for transgender youth.”
Anti-LGBTQ+ Hawley Backs Anti-LGBTQ+ Hartzler in Missouri Senate race Hartzler has a long history of attacking the LGBTQ+ community & the Senator’s record on anti-LGBTQ+ animus is also lengthy By BRODY LEVESQUE ST. CHARLES, Mo. – Speaking with reporters at the annual Missouri Republican Party statewide Lincoln Days Saturday, February 12th at St. Charles Convention Center in St Charles, U.S. Senator Josh Hawley, (R-MO) announced he was backing Missouri Rep. Vicky Hartzler’s campaign to land the state’s other U.S. Senate seat. Hartzler has a long history of attacking the LGBTQ+ community. Her public animus ﬁrst brought media attention in 2004 when as head of the Missouri Coalition to Protect Marriage, was a critical component of the successful campaign to install a statewide constitutional ban on same-sex marriage. Her attacking LGBTQ+ Americans continued after her election to Congress in 2011. During the early summer of 2017, as a member of the U.S. House Armed Services Committee, Hartzler an amendment to the National Defense Authorization Act, (NDA) which is the annual defense policy bill, that would have banned the coverage of transition-related health care for Transgender military personnel. After a procedural battle that failed to get the amendment through the committee, Hartzler, with support from other anti-LGBTQ+ Republicans including now former Rep. Steve King (Iowa), Rep. Mo Brooks, (Alabama), now former Rep. Duncan Hunter, (California) managed to get the amendment attached for debate and a vote on the House ﬂoor as part of the NDA. “This is diﬀerent from somebody going in and having a cold,” she said during the ﬂoor debate. The Hartzler Amendment was defeated: 214 No, 209 Yes. Undeterred, Hartzler along with the powerful chair of the
House Freedom Caucus and an ally of then-President Donald Trump, Rep. Mark Meadows lobbied then U.S. House Speaker Paul Ryan, (R-WI), and House Majority Leader Kevin McCarthy, (R-CA), to hold the amendment over as a separate bill for a House vote. The Speaker and the Leader refused and Hartzler and Meadows approached the Trump White House. On July 26, 2017, then-President Donald Trump announced through a series of tweets that transgender individuals will no longer be allowed to serve in the U.S. military. Meadows later went on to leave Congress and was the last White House Chief-of-Staﬀ for Trump. In 2019 Hartzler held a reception in her Capitol Hill oﬃce for proponents of the discredited practise of conversion therapy. The reception was held as Rep. Ted Lieu, (D-CA), introduced a bill to ban the practice- Lieu’s oﬃces are immediately adjacent to Hartzler’s. This weekend for her newly announced run for Senate she released a Transphobic campaign ad that attacks University of Pennsylvania Swimmer Lia Thomas, deadnaming and misgendering the collegiate athlete. The Senator’s record on anti-LGBTQ+ animus is also lengthy. Following the Supreme Court’s Obergefell marriage equality ruling, as a Republican candidate for Missouri attorney general, Hawley wanted the state legislature to exempt businesses and religious groups from participating in samesex couples’ marriage ceremonies. At the time, gay rights advocacy group PROMO said Missouri law already permitted
such discrimination. Senator Hawley falsely claimed at a Senate hearing for the Equality Act that it would force individuals, adoption agencies. In a proﬁle Sen HAWLEY (L) and Rep. HARTZLER written by GLAAD, (R) at campaign event Feb 12 2022 it was noted that he (Photo via the Twitter account of U.S. Senator Josh Hawley, [R-MO]) also co-sponsored a bill targeting transgender children from participating in sports; voted to support an anti-transgender amendment tacked onto COVID-19 relief package; voted against COVID-19 relief that provided $2.8b to Missouri. Hawley has also criticized the Supreme Court decision that bans discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity in the workplace. The court ruled that Title VII of the 1964 Civil Rights Act, which prohibits discrimination based on race, religion, national origin and sex, protects gay and transgender workers. “You know, to me, for someone who has said, Justice Gorsuch, who said that he’s a textualist and an originalist, I just don’t see how you get there with that methodology,” Hawley told the Washington Examiner. He also said of the Supreme Court decision that protects gay and transgender workers: it “represents the end of the conservative legal movement.”
Charges of anti-LGBTQ+ discrimination at BYU dismissed DOE is “dismissing this complaint” pursuant to the religious exemption under Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972
By CHRIS JOHNSON WASHINGTON – The Biden administration has dismissed charges of alleging anti-LGBTQ discrimination against students at Brigham Young University on the basis that the religious exemption under Title IX prohibits changes against the school. In a letter dated Feb. 8 and obtained Friday by the Washington Blade, an oﬃcial with the Oﬃce of Civil Rights informs Brigham Young University President Kevin Worthen the Department of Education is “dismissing this complaint” pursuant to the religious exemption under Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972. “Because the University is exempt from the above-referenced regulatory provisions of Title IX to the extent that application of those provisions conﬂict with the religious tenets of its controlling religious organization, OCR lacks jurisdiction to address the complaint’s allegations,” writes Sandra Roesti, supervisory attorney with the Department of Education’s Oﬃce of Civil Rights. The Department of Education letter emphasizes the determination is the result of “an individual OCR case,” therefore should not be considered as “a formal statement of OCR policy and should not be relied upon, cited, or construed as such.” The initial complaint, which the letter was ﬁled on March 9,
2020, challenged alleged Brigham Young University engages in the diﬀerent treatment of students who are involved in samesex romantic relationships by stating that such relationships are not compatible with the principles of the University’s Honor Code. The ﬁler of complaint isn’t identiﬁed. Brigham Young University in an organizational statement stated the dismissal of charges against the Mormon university were no surprise because the U.S. government has consistently recognized the religious exemption under Title IX applies to the school. “BYU had anticipated that OCR would dismiss the complaint because OCR has repeatedly recognized BYU’s religious exemption for Title IX requirements that are not consistent with the religious tenets of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints,” the statement says. According to Brigham Young University, the school wasn’t aware of the complaint until Oct. 21, 2021, when the Oﬃce of Civil Rights gave the case had been opened. The school asserted its religious exemption and outlined relevant religious tenets of the Church of Jesus Christ, concluding the response from the Department of Education demonstrates the university “has a religious exemption that applies to this issue.”
As a religiously afPride Flag at BYU ﬁliated uni(Photo Courtesy of Aﬃrmation LGBTQ Mormons Families & Friends) versity with a history of a hostile climate toward LGBTQ students, Brigham Young University has recently come under scrutiny for its policies. The school banned all protests from students on Y Mountain, a social place for students, after pro-LGBTQ students lit it up in rainbow colors, according to a media reports. Paul Carlos Southwick, director of pro-LGBTQ student group known as the Religious Exemption Accountability Project, said in a statement the Department of Education’s dismissal of the charges “is another example of the federal government siding with discrimination and powerful institutions like BYU at the expense of vulnerable LGBTQ+ students.” “By dismissing this investigation, the federal government has not only dashed the hopes of many LGBTQ+ students who saw the investigation as a sign of good things to come, but it has placed the government’s stamp of approval on BYU’s discriminatory practices, which the government not only funds, but has now formally handed out a license to discriminate,” Southwick said.
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PETER ROSENSTEIN is a longtime LGBTQ rights and Democratic Party activist. He writes regularly for the Blade.
Democrats: Get smart and pass some legislation! Time to stop ‘all or nothing’ drumbeat
If Democrats want a chance to win in 2022 they need to get smart now and pass some legislation. Time has come to move forward on the parts of the Build Back Better bill that can pass. Time to stop the “all or nothing” chant. If Democrats do this they just might get the chance to govern another day. Better than allowing Republicans to take back the Congress and spiral the nation backwards while destroying our democracy. The progressive left should do what they ﬁnally did in 2020 when they got behind Joe Biden; recognize only a moderate candidate can win in swing districts. Those like Congressperson Cori Bush (D-Mo.) are just courting defeat by sticking with losing slogans like “Defund the Police.” She is a smart woman who must understand this was one of the things Republicans used eﬀectively to defeat Democrats. Instead look at how Eric Adams, New York City’s new mayor, is dealing with the complicated issue of policing. Using debunked slogans is not the way to victory. First lady Dr. Jill Biden spoke recently, saying unfortunately free community college is oﬀ the table for now. While she doesn’t like it, she recognized Congress must move forward with what is possible today. The American people do better with some progress. Democrats must accept our nation’s founders set up a government which calls for “compromise.” Not compromise on principles, but often compromise to make incremental progress. Whether it’s voting rights, women’s rights, LGBTQ+ rights or other initiatives, forward progress is better than none. Blaming President Biden for things like not passing the Equality Act, ﬁrst introduced by my then boss, Bella S. Abzug (D-N.Y.), in 1974, and which no Congress since then has passed, is ridiculous. As with many civil rights issues, while we have made progress there’s still have a long way to go. As an older gay man, I would never have believed being LGBTQ+ would be a beneﬁt to getting a job. Yet today, in the Biden administration, it is; as is being a woman, African American, Latino or Asian. The push for diversity in this administration is real and strong. Just look at the Oﬃce of Presidential Personnel. The ﬁrst “out” lesbian ambassador has recently been conﬁrmed by the Senate, as has the ﬁrst transgender oﬃcial. That is real progress. Now it’s time for the Democratic-controlled Congress to stop falling into
the trap where “The perfect is the enemy of the good.” Recently, the Working Families Party in New York endorsed Jumaane Williams, the left-leaning NYC public advocate, for governor. If he did accidently win the Democratic nomination it would lead to the ﬁrst Republican governor in New York in years. He won’t win and I assume the Working Families Party hopes endorsing him pushes Gov. Hochul to the left. In a recent poll she leads him 46 percent to 11 percent. It is time for Democrats to accept moderates will win in these diﬃcult times, even in New York City and Buﬀalo as we saw in the 2021 mayoral races. Many smart, principled, Democrats won’t give up ﬁghting for progressive policies. Policies like a $15 minimum wage, universal healthcare, the Equality Act, free community college and legislation to ﬁght climate change. But those smart Democrats also must acknowledge they won’t get them all at once. They must accept incremental progress and the opportunity to continue to ﬁght for what they believe in future Congresses. If Democrats stick together and can point to some progress on issues people care about Republicans are showing they will help us to win the 2022 elections. They are doing so by their in-ﬁghting. It will help when a Democratic candidate can ask his/her Republican challenger if they support the Republican view of the nation which includes the Republican National Committee’s resolution saying Jan. 6 rioters engaged in “legitimate political discourse.” Even some Republican congressional leaders, including Senate Minority Leader Mitch McConnell, are attacking that and then having Trump attack them. It appears Donald Trump is ﬁnally causing a real ﬁssure in the Republican Party and Democrats need to take advantage of that. We can make progress and we are seeing the administration and some in the business community ﬁnally recognizing the inequality in our nation and slowly moving towards changing that. The Democratic Congress can make positive incremental changes. As they do Republican legislatures around the nation will continue to try to take us backwards. Democrats can show voters we are diﬀerent and not play into Republican hands in 2022 with debunked slogans and lack of any progress. For once Democrats must be the smarter Party. If that happens, they will win.
12 • FEBRUARY 18, 2022 • LOSANGELESBLADE.COM
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Pope Francis promotes extremist homophobe Shelton Fabre to Archbishop Progressive Catholics laud Fabre as anti-racist but ignore his extremist anti-LGBTQ track record
The Catholic Church is one of the most powerful forces in the U.S. pushing back against civil rights for LGBTQ people. Just in the past three years, the Church has spent millions to defeat state and national laws protecting queer people from discrimination. They’ve won critical court cases to exclude queer people from the protection of civil rights laws. Bishops have fired administrative LGBTQ staff in increasing waves of witch hunts and lobbied Congress to remove LGBTQ outreach from a federal suicide hotline. Bishops are embracing conversion therapy, rejecting pro-LGBTQ Catholic groups like DignityUSA they had tacitly tolerated for decades, and in some cases even ordering priests to deny almost all sacramental and communal Church life to LGBTQ Catholics. It’s a war out there. Pope Francis was supposed to change that Francis took over the reins of the Church in March of 2013, and he electrified the world with his “Who am I to judge” remark in response to a question about a gay priest. His remarks since have been confusing and often contradictory, but progressive Catholics (most lay Catholics in the U.S.) have clung to the notion that Francis will make the Church more welcoming and more healthy. —Liberal Catholic news sources are keeping mum about Fabre’s staunch opposition to LGBTQ civil equality — Despite the Pope’s contradictory words, U.S. Catholics say he’s making future change possible by appointing progressive bishops. But is he? When Francis appointed Bishop John Doerfler to run the Church in Michigan’s upper peninsula despite an anti-LGBTQ track record, liberal Catholics waved the appointment away as a bureaucratic “mistake.” The consequences became dire for queer Catholics after Doerfler ordered his priests to withhold sacraments from transgender and gay people, but since the diocese is very small, the Pope’s “oopsie” only hurt a small number of people. Surely Pope Francis had not intended this harm, commented U.S. Catholics, and surely he would be cautious not to repeat such a mistake. But he just did. This week. In a decision with far broader consequences. Francis just appointed an extremist homophobe to one of the most powerful positions in the U.S. Church Tuesday, the Catholic press announced that Pope Francis chose Bishop Shelton Fabre, currently of Houma-Thibodaux, Louisiana, to be the new archbishop of Louisville, Kentucky. He will serve as only the second Black archbishop in the U.S. Church. Catholic journalists praised Fabre’s work on an anti-racism Church panel as they celebrated his promotion. Some journalists wrote that his appointment would bolster Francis’s “kinder” more “pastoral” vision of Church leadership. So far, nobody has reported Fabre’s extremist anti-LGBTQ track record, not even publications that had reported on it explicitly in the past. Wire services are running the same bland reports about an “anti-racist” Black archbishop, and even liberal Catholic news sources are keeping mum about Fabre’s staunch opposition to LGBTQ civil equality. Fabre aligns with a hardcore group of extremist anti-LGBTQ clergy Last January, nine U.S. Catholic bishops, two of them retired, issued a statement titled, “God Is on Your Side: A Statement from Catholic Bishops on Protecting LGBT Youth.” This tiny group of bishops issued the statement shortly after the U.S. Conference of Catholic Bishops (USCCB) lobbied Congress to kill a federal suicide hotline because it offers services specifically to LGBTQ people. The statement appeared to offer support for the LGBTQ Equality Act, which the House of Representatives was about to take up. The statement read in part: “The Catholic Church values the God-given dignity of all human life and we take this opportunity to say to our LGBT friends, especially young people, that we stand with you
is a former Air Force intelligence analyst, long-time LGBTQ activist, an alumnus of Queer Nation and Act Up NY, a frequent columnist for the LA Blade, a contributor to other LGBTQ news outlets, and an “agented” but unpublished novelist.
and oppose any form of violence, bullying or harassment directed at you. Most of all, know that God created you, God loves you and God is on your side.“ Marianne Duddy-Burke of the pro-LGBTQ DignityUSA said in a statement she hoped more bishops would sign the pro-LGBTQ statement: “Given that this statement asks for nothing more than human dignity, I would hope that more bishops would add their names.” Fabre signed a dueling, mean-spirited endorsement of homophobia instead In what became a battle of dueling statements, a much larger group of bishops issued a harsh statement opposing LGBTQ equality in the name of the USCCB, doubling down on opposition to the Equality Act, reaffirming the Church’s right to discriminate against LGBTQ people when delivering state-contracted services, reaffirming opposition to civil same-sex marriage, and support for health care workers to deny medical care to LGBTQ people on religious grounds. Bishop Fabre signed the harsh homophobic statement in his capacity as chairman of of the USCCB’s Ad Hoc Committee Against Racism, sending an implicit message — Don’t be racist, don’t discriminate against Black people, who are fully deserving of human dignity. DO DISCRIMINATE against LGBTQ people, who are NOT fully deserving of human dignity. When Fabre signed that statement, he joined a short list of some of the most notorious homophobes in the U.S. Church — like Cardinal Timothy Dolan, an outspoken enemy of LGBTQ Catholics. Another signatory, Archbishop Paul Coakley, bemoans the U.S. Supreme Court decision legalizing same-sex marriage a “tragic error,” insisting that Catholic doctrine should play a role in denying equal marriage even to people of other faiths or no faith. This hardcore faction is largely seen as fighting against Pope Francis’s perceived progressive spirit. Fabre issued a hypocritical statement on Tuesday In a press conference, Fabre told reporters his work in anti-racism is framed in “a call to respect the human life and human dignity of each and every person.” He did not explain how his opposition to equal human and civil rights for LGBTQ people fits into that framing. Apparently, “each and every person” actually means each and every cisgender, straight person. So far the Catholic press is silent on the question of why Pope Francis promoted an extremist homophobe to one of the most powerful leadership positions in the U.S. Church. Is this just another “oopsie,” a bureaucratic blunder? That’s what many progressive Catholics claimed when Francis promoted Doerfler and when he personally signed off on a document forbidding priests from blessing LGBTQ people in committed relationships or marriages, saying, “God can’t bless sin.” Some claim Francis didn’t pay close attention to the document and didn’t realize what it said, even though a Papal signature on such a document is an extraordinary breach of custom. Maybe Doerfler’s appointment was really a mistake, maybe barring priests from blessing gay people, which the German Catholic clergy are rebelling over, was really a mistake. But now Fabre, a notorious homophobic hardliner? The mistake hypothesis is wearing increasingly thin. It’s commendable that the Pope promoted a Black man and an anti-racist to a powerful position, but I have a question. Is it not possible to identify a U.S. Catholic leader who is Black and anti-racist but is NOT a hardcore homophobic bigot? Two LGBTQ Catholic advocacy leaders I contacted told me “on background” that such an appointment would indeed be possible, and that they are bitterly disappointed Pope Francis elevated Fabre instead. So, here we go again with the Papal rollercoaster, with contradictory statements and actions from a man who can’t seem to decide where he wants to lead the Church, and can’t get real about treating queer people with dignity and equality. Will the real Pope Francis please stand up? (The preceding article was previously published by Prism & Pen– Amplifying LGBTQ voices through the art of storytelling and is republished by permission.) LOSANGELESBLADE.COM • FEBRUARY 18, 2022 • 13
LGBTQ-inclusive noms reﬂect progress, but Oscar is still dragging his feet Hope for continuing visibility in the Hollywood entertainment machine By JOHN PAUL KING
porary – and less rigidly moralistic – perception of In summing up LGBTQ inclusion among this year’s LGBTQ+ identity. nominees for the Academy Awards, you can’t get The GLAAD statement makes no direct mention much more accurate and succinct than this stateof “Dog,” though it is presumably included in the acment from GLAAD President and CEO Sarah Kate knowledgment of LGBTQ content among the nomiEllis: nees. The advocacy organization is more concerned “This year’s Oscar nominations for performances in the context of Oscar with the direct inclusion of from queer actors including Ariana DeBose and Krisqueer talent, and rightly so. Nevertheless, it’s worth ten Stewart, as well for powerful LGBTQ stories in recognizing that “Dog” is a movie which could not ﬁlms like ‘West Side Story,’ ‘Flee,’ and ‘The Mitchells have been made in a world where queerness was vs. The Machines,’ are clear reminders of the opporstill forbidden on our screens, and its elevation to tunities that exist with audiences and critics when the top of the Awards race of 2021 is a victory for Hollywood invests in queer talent and tells diverse the community, whether it takes home the big prizstories in bold and original ways. With several wores or not. thy LGBTQ stories, actors, and creators absent from As to that, Campion’s ﬁlm seems sure to win in this year’s list, the industry and Academy should priseveral categories, including Picture, Best Cinemaoritize investing in and recognizing creators and stotography, and Best Actor (though some pundits ries from LGBTQ and other marginalized communiKODI-SMIT MCPHEE and BENEDICT CUMBERBATCH were both nominated for have speculated an upset from Will Smith for “King ties that audiences both crave and connect with.” ‘Power of the Dog.’ Richard” or Andrew Garﬁeld for “tick, tick… BOOM!”). Ellis is on target with both observations. Oscar’s Cumberbatch, for his part, fully deserves a win – slate of nominated ﬁlms is peppered with queereven if it does make him the latest straight actor to snag an Oscar for playing gay. So, too, ness, though only a few place it front-and-center, and having two openly LGBTQ performdoes Kodi Smith-McPhee, nominated for Supporting Actor, whose delicate interpretation of ers nominated within a single year is a record. Nevertheless, it’s a notable fact that severCumberbatch’s sensitive but inscrutable nephew implies queerness while remaining amal high-proﬁle out contenders didn’t make the cut (Lady Gaga for “House of Gucci,” Tessa biguous. Thompson for “Passing,” Abbi Jacobson for “The Mitchells vs. the Machines,” and Colman It’s a category full of wild cards (including fellow “Dog” star Jesse Plemons), but he could Domingo for “Zola”) in a year when the front-runner for Best Picture is widely considered easily ride the movie’s Oscar wave into a win. Supporting Actress nominee Kristin Dunst to be “The Power of the Dog” – a ﬁlm that explores the queer dynamic in a relationship bestands a strong chance at victory for her much-lauded performance as McPhee’s beleatween two men, both played by non-LGBTQ actors. guered mother, but she would have to beat DeBose’s electric turn as Anita in Steven SpielSome of the potential LGBTQ nominees were long-shots, of course (Jacobson, for examberg’s “West Side Story” – and the odds seem in favor of DeBose to be of the few clear-cut ple, would have been the ﬁrst person ever nominated for a voice performance in an aniwinners at the ceremony, something that would also make her the ﬁrst queer woman of mated ﬁlm), and the signiﬁcance of “Flee” – an animated docudrama about a queer Afghan color to win an Academy Award for performance. refugee telling his story on the eve of his marriage – receiving nods in three categories “West Side Story” itself, which features a supporting queer character expanded and more (Best Documentary Feature, Best International Feature, and Best Animated Feature) should clearly deﬁned than in the source material, earned six additional nominations, including for not be understated. Given the high level of acclaim it has received, not to mention the Best Picture and for Spielberg’s direction. It’s not likely to displace either “Dog” of Campion momentum it’s picked up in the “Awards Season” buzz, it stands as the best chance for an from the top spot in those categories, but it could take home some of the less high-proﬁle LGBTQ-focused ﬁlm to pick up some gold on Oscar night. awards for which it has been tapped – Best Production and Costume Design seem its best That is, of course, unless you count “The Power of the Dog,” the year’s most-nominated shots. ﬁlm with nods in 12 categories. Director Jane Campion (now the ﬁrst woman to earn more “The Mitchells vs. the Machines,” with its bisexual teenage heroine, is a dark horse for than one nomination for Best Director) weaves queerness throughout the fabric of her adBest Animated Feature, but fellow nominee “Flee” could conceivably be carried by its buzz aptation of Thomas Savage’s novel – the premise and plot both depend upon it – but can it into taking the category over Disney’s “Encanto,” widely viewed as the front-runner. The lattruly be called an LGBTQ ﬁlm? Neither of its two central characters are clearly identiﬁed as ter ﬁlm also has an edge for Documentary Feature, and though International Feature seems queer, though it’s perhaps obvious that Benedict Cumberbatch’s hyper-masculine rancher destined for Ryusuke Hamaguchi’s “Drive My Car” (which also snagged nods in the Picture has compartmentalized his queerness into a ritualized blend of hero worship and sexual and Director categories), it’s a possible winner there, as well. fetish. Finally, out actress Kristen Stewart, nominated for Leading Actress as Lady Diana in There’s also the uncomfortable but unavoidable interplay of toxic tropes as the two “Spencer,” has a shot, but also some strong competition – Nicole Kidman in “Being the characters come together to confront both the archetype of the he-man cowboy as ideRicardos” and Olivia Colman in “The Lost Daughter” seem locked in tight contention for alized masculine image and the expectation of a sexual “mentorship” between an older their performances, and Jessica Chastain’s turn in “The Eyes of Tammy Faye” should not be and younger gay man – not to mention the inescapable connection to the old rules of the counted out, either. “celluloid closet,” in which one of the only acceptable roles for a gay character was that of No matter which, or even if, any of these nominations convert to LGBTQ-friendly wins on (spoiler alert) cold-blooded murderer. presentation night, it’s safe to say that Oscar 2021 gives us hope for continuing acceptance Yet the inclusion of these elements – which might be seen as “problematic” by some in and visibility in the Hollywood entertainment machine. the community – is a deliberate choice intended for the precise purpose of turning them It’s also safe to say there’s still plenty of room for improvement. inside out and upside down, something Campion’s movie achieves with subtle and chilling The Academy Awards are set to broadcast on ABC, Sunday, March 27. You can ﬁnd a full brilliance. Seen as a disavowal of these outdated assumptions, “Dog” is very much a movie list of the nominees at the Oscars website. that rejects the oppressive worldviews of the past and strikes a blow for a more contem14 • LOSANGELESBLADE.COM • FEBRUARY 18, 2022
Barbara Poma, owner of Pulse, arises from the ashes, with 49 Angels
Pulse families ask for these to be the take-away of the new memorial: a feeling of love, hope, community, courage, strength and acceptance
By ROB WATSON Pulse was, it was where everyone who walked in could see people just like them. Girls and WEST HOLLYWOOD – Her story…. We never know about life’s path. We never know how boys alike. We had girls on the bar, boys on the bar—which everyone told us would never following our loves and our passion can lead to heartbreak, and we don’t know how our work, but it did. Everyone of different races, gender and sizes, was represented every night. heartbreaks can then be transformed into new hope. That was something we worked hard to build.” No one can attest to this truth more than Barbara Poma. Barbara is the owner of Pulse Barbara’s new rainbow connection had emerged. nightclub in Orlando Florida. On the night of June 12th, 2016, a man named Omar Mateen On that June night, she was in Canwalked into her life and her vision and cun Mexico on a mother/daughter trip not only demolished it, but left her celebrating her daughter’s high school grieving for 49 of her cherished patrons. graduation. At 2am her time, she got It was not the first time in her life a call she will never forget. It was her where her path made of a glorious rainmanager shouting “He’s shooting! He’s bow had been shattered. Barbara had shooting! He’s shooting!” Everything known grief before. was noisy where she was and she had Barbara’s venture into the fabulous trouble grasping what he was saying. It life started with her big brother, John. did not make sense to her. There had John was gay and came out at 18. been a shooting elsewhere in Orlando Barbara was 14 at the time. “John was the night before, but they had never everything I’m not. He was very witty had any trouble at Pulse. She asked if and funny and he was not serious. He he meant the previous shooting. “NO, was a rule breaker, and I was a rule folhe is inside Pulse shooting inside right lower. I was check all the boxes, follow NOW,” was the answer. all the rules. For John, none of that was “I was completely in a state of shock. happening. He was my first very best I can only explain it as the darkest scarfriend in life, I loved being with him. It iest moments of your life, all I kept saywas really though him that I connected ing to my manager was “please tell me into the LGBTQ+ community and grew no one is dead, please tell me that evup in it,” she told me during our coneryone is OK.” I could not grasp what versation on the podcast Rated LGBT he was saying. We did not know this Radio. was a terrorist attack, we didn’t know – John’s coming out was harsh in their he had gotten out so fast. I started doItalian catholic family. He found ways BARBARA POMA ing a roll call of the staff. Where’s Bobto embrace it however. He would take outside of PULSE bie? Where’s Kate… just going through his kid sister to “the beach”, but not a in Orlando, Florida (Courtesy of Barbara Poma) everybody. Where’s Brian? Made him beach his mother imagined. It was the try to contact people, find out whether gay beach and T dances on the Fort they were still inside or whether they had gotten out,” she says. Lauderdale strip. “So I grew up with drag queens and gay men. It was my normal. It was She was on a plane back the next morning. “It took me a while to grasp the reaction of everything I knew and loved. I thought everyone had a fabulous older gay brother. I was the city and of the world. I did not know if one day had passed or five days had passed. I did extraordinarily lucky. That was my connection to the community.” not have any concept of time. I could not sleep, I could not eat. I was just trying to wrap my On February 13th, 1991 Barbara lost that lifeline to the community she fell in love with. brain around what was happening. I was not allowed to leave the house—the people who John, her brother and best friend, died of AIDS. Life would go on, as it did for many of us at surrounded me, kept me home. that time, until Barbara found a way to channel the celebration of John into a new entity, The press was allowed to be at Pulse, but I wasn’t allowed to be at Pulse. I tried not to a nightclub. A friend brought her a proposition and a business plan for a gay bar, and her watch too much TV because it was too hard. I just wanted to be down there and be with husband agreed to fund it… if she would run it. everyone but I was isolated here at home. When it started to click in, it was really hard to She embraced it even though it had never been her intention to be an owner of a gay digest and understand.” business. She wanted to create the neighborhood’s safe space. “It was a blast. It was to Four weeks and two days later, when she finally was given possession of Pulse back by the me though, going back to a time warp, the club filled with people dancing, and having their FBI, she walked into her club. “I entered the building and experienced what I can only defriends with them, their straight friends, because that was really important to us when we scribe is what happens when a soul leaves a human body. I experienced it when my brother first started Pulse. We wanted it to be a beautiful clean space where you would be proud to took his last breath, all of a sudden, he was a shell of himself. Pulse was completely a shell bring your mom. It was really important to us, and it was,” she recalls. “We started off with of itself. It was gone. The spirit of it was gone. It was not what it was, you could feel it. And I that mission that everyone who walks in that door is welcome, everyone who walks in is knew instantly that we could not dance in there again.” family. That’s how we were. That’s how the staff was. We were a place unlike other bars where it’s just ‘twinks’ or ‘girls’ or ‘bears’ or just ‘the most gorgeous men with their shirts off’. That is not what CONTINUED ON PAGE 19 LOSANGELESBLADE.COM • FEBRUARY 18, 2022 • 15
French actor goes home to mother in ‘My Best Part’ Nicolas Maury’s feature film opens Feb. 25 By JOHN PAUL KING
“My Best Part,” the English-language title of actor Nicolas Maury’s feature film directorial debut, which opens for a limited theatrical run and simultaneously drops on VOD platforms Feb. 25, is a reasonably suitable name for a movie about an actor with mommy issues, in that it plays on both its main character’s profession and the self-searching battle with his own insecurities which lies at the center of the story, but it is not the original one. In France, where the film opened in 2020 after being named as an official selection at Cannes, though it was never screened there due to COVID-19, it goes by the title “Chiffon Garçon,” derived from the affectionate nickname bestowed upon its hapless lead by his mother, and it’s easy to understand why the decision was made to change it for English-speaking audiences. The word “chiffon,” which is translated in the subtitles as “napkin” but in French usage typically refers to any rag or cloth used to wipe something clean, is one of those linguistic transplants that conveys a more limited sense in English than it does in its country of origin, and neither “Napkin Boy” or “Rag Boy” really get the point across — besides which, they don’t exactly roll off the tongue. It’s not uncommon for international films to go by different titles in different countries, of course, so it’s no surprise Maury’s romantic “dramedy” went with that option. It’s worth mentioning, however, because the change of name doesn’t make it any easier to acclimate American audiences to the almost quintessentially French sensibility of his movie.
NICOLAS MAURY and NATHALIE BAYE in ‘My Best Part’ (Photo courtesy of Altered Innocence)
Maury — known to American audiences from the popular French comedy series “Call My Agent,” which gained a cult following among binge-hungry Netflix viewers during the pandemic — stars as Jérémie, a still-young-but-aging actor in Paris whose career is as much on the skids as his personal life; his relationship with Albert (Arnaud Valois), a handsome veterinarian who clearly loves him, has been sabotaged by his extreme jealousy, and he’s abruptly been fired as the lead in an upcoming movie on a whim from its director. Weighing perhaps most heavily on him, his father has just committed suicide by shotgun, sparking an existential depression that makes his problems feel even more insurmountable. A glimmer of hope appears, however, when he lands an audition for a stage role he seems born to play. Hoping for a respite from his insecurities while he prepares for it, Jérémie heads off to spend time with his clear-headed mother Bernadette (Nathalie Baye) at her country house, counting on her solace and support to help him find a more positive outlook.
16 • LOSANGELESBLADE.COM • FEBRUARY 18, 2022
When he arrives, however, he is surprised by the presence of Kévin (Théo Christine), a new handyman whose presence in the household feels like a replacement for his own. Despite the somewhat gloomy set of circumstances that lead into its premise, “My Best Part” is not a heavy affair — at least, not all the time — but aims at the sort of quirky, lighthearted approach favored by most contemporary romcoms. To this end, Maury makes the perfect centerpiece; fey and fragile, with a perennially hangdog expression, he seems cut from the same cloth as many classic cinema clowns — childlike, eternally out of step with the world around him, and just handsome enough to be an appealing romantic figure, yet with enough gravitas behind the eyes to carry the weight when he’s required to get serious. There’s a distinctly European flavor to his comedic persona, a tendency toward sentiment that sometimes leans dangerously close to the maudlin — for American tastes, at least — but there’s also a touch of “l’enfant terrible” that undercuts his most pitiable moments and turns them into shrewd self-satire. He’s also openly, unquestionably, and unapologetically gay, a welcome twist that sets his image apart from that of predecessors like Buster Keaton, Jacques Tati or even Paul Reubens’ Pee-Wee Herman. The chance for LGBTQ audiences to see a classic cinema formula reframed through a queer perspective is obviously a treat, and still a rare enough experience to make it noteworthy. Maury brings his queerness to the screen without a filter, and it’s glorious, whether you find him maudlin or not. As a director, Maury draws from a rangy set of influences. There’s a nostalgia about his film, a deference to the classics that nevertheless finds expression in a style more in tune with contemporary arthouse cinema than the stylized romantic comedies of the past. At times, the resulting blend feels a bit uneven — the comedy a little bitter, the wisdom a little pat — and veers unpredictably between styles so that we sometimes feel as if we are watching two different movies cut together into one. Nevertheless, he has a keen eye behind the camera, and a boldly intuitive approach to filmmaking that — though it may occasionally disorient us, in the moment — never loses our interest, even when it takes a surreal turn into Jacques Demy territory for a surreal “Hollywood” ending. If “My Best Part” has a shortfall, it comes in its ambitious screenplay, which perhaps tries to pack too much substance into what feels like it should be as airy as a souffle. Penned by Maury with Sophie Fillières and Maud Ameline, it excels both in its broad satirical strokes — particularly its savage lampoon of fragile show business ego — and in its illumination of Jérémie’s inner struggles. Where its ambitions exceed its grasp are the places where it aims closer to the heart; there’s a yearning for resolution in the relationships that never quite earns fulfillment, instead opting to funnel its accumulated emotional stakes into a climactic crisis involving an adorable puppy, who, for the record, gives a brilliant canine performance. As for the human actors, Maury dominates the screen, despite sharing it for much of the time with his co-star, 10-time Cesar Award nominee (and four-time winner) and French cinema icon Nathalie Baye. She gives a warm, genuine, and layered performance, but even her grounded presence is not enough to bring full depth to the relationship between their characters, which ultimately feels less important than the stress that’s placed upon it sets us up to expect. Valois, known to American audiences from his powerful performance in 2018’s “B.P.M.,” makes his too-good-to-be-true character seem true, and Christine manages to do the same, even as the film sweeps him along into its barely plausible (but undeniably crowd-pleasing) denouement. Ultimately, of course, plausibility is not what makes “My Best Part” (or “Chiffon Garçon,” if you prefer) a fun movie — and it is a fun movie, quibbling aside. While it never quite wins our heart, it makes us care about its characters, even the underwritten and overdrawn ones, and in the end, perhaps that’s more important. There’s a truth in it, somewhere, that can’t quite be explained — much in the way that the full French meaning of “chiffon” is not conveyed in English. Something is lost in the translation. For a lot of people, that might make it difficult to enjoy; but for those who can simply give in and appreciate its offbeat charm, it comes highly recommended.
Dorothy To Paradise’ is an unforgettable masterpiece will cure your Valentine’s blues Hanya Yanagihara’s new novel consists of three novellas By KATHI WOLFE
“To Paradise,” the new novel by Hanya Yanagihara, editor-in-chief of T: The New York Times Style Magazine and author of the bestselling novel “A Little Life,” is unforgettable. Yanagihara, 47, an Asian American woman who was born in Los Angeles and grew up in Hawaii, is known for writing about queer (especially, gay male) characters. Some in the LGBTQ+ community think that Yanagihara portrays queer characters as stereotypes! Others love Yanagihara’s work. Queer author Edmund White has compared “To Paradise” to Tolstoy’s “War and Peace.” “To Paradise” is a “War and Peace”-like masterpiece. But with Tolstoy, you know how things end — what happens to Pierre, Prince Andrew, Natasha and their families. “To Paradise” consists of three novellas. It takes place over 200 years and features characters with the same names in different time periods and families. It’s beautifully written. You’ll care about the characters. But, at the end, you won’t know what will happen to them. The first novella “Washington Square,” is an homage to the Henry James novel with the same title, takes place in 1893 in Greenwich Village in New York. It is much like a James or Edith Wharton novel. It’s upper-crust families are preoccupied with status, wealth and ensuring that their children marry well. In Yanagihara’s reimagining of American history, America didn’t become a unified nation of states after the Civil War. In her imagining, after the war, America became a loosely connected set of territories. New York is in the territory called the Free States. In the Free States, both same-sex marriage and arranged marriages are legal. David Bingham, who is gay and prone to “nervous troubles,” lives in a mansion with his grandfather. His grandfather is concerned that David will have difficulty finding a husband because of his “illnesses.” He arranges for David to marry Charles Griffith, a rich man. Charles falls in love with David. But David doesn’t want to marry Charles. He loves Edward Bishop, a poor man who teaches music. David longs to escape from his grandfather — to live “in color.” He and Ed are set to go to California, where, unlike in the Free States, life is risky for gay people. The second novella of “To Paradise,” “Lipo-Wao-Nahele,” is set in late 20th century New York in the same Greenwich Village mansion and in Hawaii. In the first section of this novella, a paralegal, also, named David Bingham, lives with his wealthy lover, also named Charles Griffith. David struggles with his conflicted feelings about Charles. “He knew he should feel infantilized by how obviously unequal their life together was,” Yanagihara writes, “and yet he didn’t ... it was a relief not to think.”
By Hanya Yanagihara c.2022, Doubleday $32.50 | 720 pages
(Photo cover courtesy of Amazon)
David grew up in Hawaii. He became estranged from his father, a descendent of Hawaiian royalty. The second, and longest, section of this novella is in the form of a seemingly endless letter from David’s father to David. “To Paradise” is a gripping book. But reading this letter is like being a child traveling with your parents. You keep wondering: are we there yet? “Zone Eight,” the third novella is set in 2093. It spans several decades (going back to the 2070s) over a serious of pandemics. New York is now Zone Eight and run by an authoritarian government. There is no Internet, access to books is restricted and flies monitor conversations. Pandemic life in “Zone Eight” makes our COVID-19 era seem like carefree. In “Zone Eight,” yet another Charles Griffith, a research scientist, tries to keep his granddaughter Charlie safe. “Zone Eight,” is narrated by Charlie and by Charles. Charlie is in an arranged marriage to a gay man. At age 10, she became intellectually disabled from medication she received when she had a virus. Charlie is an interesting character. She works at a lab and knows what’s going on in her life and world. She wants to be loved. But Charlie’s voice is often flat and childlike. I can’t help but think that there’s some ableism in Yanagihara’s depiction of Charlie. Despite this quibble, “To Paradise” is an enthralling book. It may make you cry or squirm, but you won’t stop reading it.
LOSANGELESBLADE.COM • FEBRUARY 18, 2022 • 17
Wild and crazy rides
Ford Bronco, Land Rover Defender 90 lean into retro roots By JOE PHILLIPS
There’s a twisted allure to bad boys and mean girls. Me, I like nasty toys — vehicles so wild and crazy they overrule common sense. A Bronco? That’s not the name for a mild-mannered ride. Even the Defender 90 sounds like some sort of sci-fi creation from a “Star Trek” episode. But then, when it comes to being seduced by an untamed beast, perhaps Spock and the Borg say it best: Resistance is futile.
$30,000 MPG: 20 city / 24 highway 0 to 60 mph: 7.7 seconds Last year I raved about the return of the four-door Ford Bronco after a 25-year absence. This time I test drove the two-door model, which is even more playful. It’s also 16 inches shorter, which somehow makes the bold and brawny styling even more pronounced. This includes two upright protruding hood handles, which look like devil’s horns but can be used to help tie down a kayak or camping gear on the roof. As with a sports coupe, the two-door Bronco exudes wanderlust and excitement. Ground clearance is really high, but it’s great for driver visibility. To help you climb inside, chunky grab handles are tastefully sculpted into each end of the dashboard. And while the back seats aren’t the easiest to access, they are comfortable once you get there. Choice of two brisk engines, along with some butch-sounding trim levels: Big Bend, Black Diamond, Badlands and Wildtrak. A nifty Trail Assist feature allows you to make turns that are sharper than expected, and the one-pedal driving system automatically applies the brakes just by lifting your foot off the accelerator. Other niceties: Standard all-wheel drive, an optional manual transmission and removable roof and doors. The tall roof also helps the cabin seem a bit more spacious, and those vinyl seats and rubber surfaces can easily be hosed down after a day of off-roading. Despite its Spartan appearance, this stubby SUV boasts the latest infotainment and safety features, but at a price. Fully loaded, a two-door Bronco can easily top $60,000.
Land Rover Defender 90 $50,000 MPG: 18 city / 21 highway 0 to 60 mph: 7.6 seconds
As with the Ford Bronco, the Land Rover Defender 90 leans into its retro roots. But the styling here is far more futuristic and the off-road prowess much more formidable. To overcome challenging landscapes, a Terrain Response system lets you choose from various modes: Grass/gravel/snow, mud/ruts, rock crawl and wade. The adjustable air-suspension system raises and lowers the vehicle, allowing the Defender to travel through streams up to 35.4 inches deep while a sensor detects the depth automatically. The novel tailgate is hinged at the side, with a full-spare wheel attached — an anomaly in today’s world of donut spare tires. Though the four- and six-cylinder engines are mighty enough, this year there’s a new supercharged 518-hp V8 that can thrust this studly two-door SUV from 0 to 60 mph in just 4.9 seconds. But despite such gusto, Land Rover also sprinkles in plenty of glitz. This includes the exquisite and high-quality interior fit and finish, with wood-grain trim, tasteful ambient lighting and heated/ cooled 12-way seats made of fine faux-suede material. There’s also smartphone integration, in-car Wi-Fi and a large infotainment touchscreen. And forget Coachella or any world-class concert hall — the optional 14-speaker Meridian stereo sounds just as nice. Like the Bronco, such options don’t come cheap — up to $120,000 for a completely decked-out Defender 90. And both of these two-door vehicles are only so practical, with less passenger room and cargo space than in a four-door SUV. But oh my, these adult Tonka toys are a helluva lot of fun to drive.
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Barbara Poma, owner of Pulse, arises from the ashes, with 49 Angels If the Universe had not learned anything, it needed to learn this: it could burn Barbara Poma’s fabulousness down, but she will always rise with the next new hope. That new hope is the onePULSE foundation. The foundation is creating a monument of wonder in the spot where the worst LGBTQ massacre occurred. President Biden has already signed the bill with the national monument designation. It will consist of a permanent museum, a permanent memorial, and a “Survivor’s Walk” which is a walkway from Pulse to the trauma unit that saved so many lives. onePULSE also features an education program based on intersectionality. “96 percent of our victims that night were black and brown. It is a large consideration to incorporate that fact,” Barbara states. It includes a tribute program to the fallen 49 called Think, Relate and Inﬂuence. It trains organizations on inclusivity. They have a safe space education for religious pastors on turning churches to be more aﬃrming. Barbara has also laid down the gauntlet of making the 49 more than victims, she has opened the door for them to be angels. She has given the means for each of them to ﬁnd a sense of immortality by sending oﬀ into the world others who will carry on their individual inspiration. “We have our 49 Legacy Scholarship, which we have a scholarship in each one of the victim’s names, that was designated by their family members in that victims career aspirations or career where they achieved it, for example, Alcamenda Alverez wanted to become a nurse but had not achieved it yet, so her family set up a scholarship for people seeking a nursing career. We are in our third cycle. These range from EMT, to cosmetology to medical. These are national scholarships opened to everyone. The criteria for recipients is how can you move forward the legacy of that one of the 49 angels.” Working with the commissions for Oklahoma City and 9/11, Barbara gained guidance. Each surveyed their communities on how people should feel visiting the memorial site for each horror. Oklahoma City and New York designed theirs to capture “grief, anger, sorrow, loss, sadness.” They succeeded. Those are the feelings you experience in visiting those sites. Pulse families ask for these to be the take-away of the new memorial: a feeling of love, hope, community, courage, strength and acceptance. “Our families want this to be a beautiful space that people want to come to. We want people to know the joy of Pulse where people were having the time of their lives. Our goal, when you visit the memorial and museum when they are ready, is that you take the spirit with you and impart it then wherever you live, “ Barbara explains. Barbara Poma has a vision. She is on a mission to make the Pulse memorial a reality, she won’t quit until it is done, and she WILL succeed. She will stand yet again in a rainbow of hope. She still talks to her brother John, looking skyward she asks, “Really, is this what this was all meant to be about?” She does not get a reply. I ended our conversation with this: Barbara, I did not know your brother, but as a gay man with a kid sister myself, I know, I KNOW he is looking down at you right now. And he is very, very proud.
Where ALL GUYS come together Visit www.squirt.org today to join the action
ROB WATSON is the host of RATED LGBT RADIO, a national podcast and he’s one of the founders of the evolequals.com. A gay dad, business man, community activist and a blogger/writer, Watson is a contributor to the Los Angeles Blade covering entertainment, ﬁlm, television, and culture with occasional politics tossed in.
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