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REVOLUTIONARY INCIDENTS :
SUFFOLK AAD KINGS C
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thi battle of long :^laap,
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A A W.YORK: LEAVITT & COMPANY. 191 BROAA 1549.
PREFACE. The present volume completes a plan the compiler had some years since conceived, of collecting and arranging in chronological order, the scattered and fragmentary notices of the events that occurred on
Island, during our
history of the Island during this soul-stirring period
has been hitherto clouded in gross darkness.
very name scarcely appears on the pages of our History, except
record a disastrous defeat of our arms.
contents of these volumes
not barren in Revolutionary Incidents, unique in their character,
The Counties a
student of our country's history.
of Suffolk, Queens and Kings, each played
and yet appropriate part in the great drama of
outbreak of rebellion in the port of Boston,
find the Puritans of Suffolk
assembling in almost every
town, and voting resolutions of aid and sympathy brethren of the Massachusetts Bay. pressions heartless.
people were ready to follow their
leaders in rebellion, the militia were organized, and Suffolk
armed for the contest. Far different was the state of feeling in Queens County. Here the Royal Governors, and other crown officers had occasionally resided, and exerted an overshadowing influence.
often connected with other wealthy and aristo-
cratic families in the County,
and dependents. the passive
also their adherents
Then, there was the peaceable Quaker,
as head of
Church and rampant
a dead weight, that the
of rebellion could hardly move, until the Congressional marched into the County, disarmed the Loyalists and
carried off their leaders.
The population of Kings County was mostly Dutch, who made but a tardy and feeble show of resistance to the powers that be
her Deputies finally absented themselves from the
Provincial Congress, and the flagging spirit of revolt quickly
subsided at the approach of the British
enemy, there was
the Island to the
difference in the conduct of the
The prominent Whigs
After the American
of Suffolk fled to their
brethren on the Main, with what movables they could carry, leaving behind their stock, houses and farms to the enemy.
Those who remained, reluctantly took an oath of allegiance, which they never meant to regard, and were ever treacherous subjects of a King they had sworn to obey. The great majority of the people of Queens County, took the oath
Most of the leading Whigs, trusting to British proclamations,
and not knowing where punished
home, and were
some ended only
case of Kings County
homes on the prospect of
theatre of hostilities.
similar to that
peace-loving inhabitants had already
Dutch brethren, some to New Jersey, and some up the North River, while a few who remained and trusted to the chances of British clemency, were thrown in the Provost. Within two months after the American Army had given up the Island, the principal inhabitants of the three Counties had signed a representation of loyalty to King George the
and in order that their wholesome example of dutiful
return to obedience might have
rebellious portions of the State,
was published at length names of all the signers
New- York Mercury, with
influence on the other in
Queens and Kings Counties. During the entire period of the revolution, the British held New- York City, a part of Westchester County, and all of There were Staten and Long Island under military rule. no elections
窶馬o voting except annual town meetings窶馬one pay 窶馬o judges窶馬o courts of at
except town taxes
dicature, their place being supplied
by the arbitrary
King's justice or some military character.
Court of Police was after a while established in City
summary New- York
length, in the year 1780, for the greater con-
venience of His Majesty's loyal subjects on Long Island, a
Court of Police was also opened in Jamaica.
ants could not go to or from the city, or bring out goods,
The price of wood and farmer's produce was regulated by proclamation ; their horses, wagons and persons, could at any time be impressed into the King's serwithout a permit.
vice, at a stipulated price.
and hamlet was
In the winter season almost every
wagoners, billeted in the people's houses, or cantoned in tem-
The consequence was,
such of the farmer's produce as had not been
a ready market and
flourished on British gold
but as there were few opportunities for investing
banks of deposit their
they were compelled
for safe keeping,
money by them, and were
not of the established faith,
some were even
trade forms a striking fea-
This consisted in buying imported goods
City, (with the professed design of retailing
were mostly occupied by
or used as storehouses and prisons
In Suffolk County, the
them to the County,) and then carrying them
the Island to secret landing-places,
sent across the
whence they were
under cover of night,
and exchanged with the people of Connecticut
and farmer's produce, of which the British army stood in great need.
prohibited by both
can and British authority, yet the cunning of the smugglers
often acted as spies) generally eluded the sleepy vigi-
lance of government the sparse
This trade was protected by
population of Suffolk County, the extensive sea-
border, the absence of a British
and the prover-
bial insincerity of the people in their professed allegiance.
Whiggish feeling of the
invading party of their brethren from the Main
Sag Harbor, St. George's, or Slongo always found ready and effectual aid in guides, food, or information. Indeed Washington used to say, that he always had more correct knowledge by spies, of the position and designs of the British army on Long Island, than at any other place. In fine, the British authority in Suffolk County, w as little more than an r
empty shadow. Quite different was the state of things in Queens and
the great body of the people
heart loyal, the settled parts were more compact, and rarely free from the presence of
troops, spreading dissipation
and shining gold with open hand.
Although the people of Long Island had taken an oath of crown in 1776, they were never deemed
fealty to the British
bona fide British subjects, and on the return of peace, in 1783, (with the exception of a few
attainted of treason,)
they quietly slipped off their oath with their loyalty, and without the formality of abjuring their allegiance, took their places
the citizens of these free and
Rise and Progress of the Revolutionary 13
Rise and Progress oe the Spirit,
Letters relating to the Battle of Long Island,
Incidents of the British Prisons and Prison Ships at
APPENDIX. Forms of Orders, &c, issued
REVOLUTIONARY INCIDENTS OF
PART REVOLUTIONARY SPIRIT
532. At a meeting of the inhabitants of the parish of South Haven, June 13, '74, Wm. Smith, Moderator ; It
was voted (and agreed),
ing up the port of Boston,
Act of Parliament for block-
unconstitutional, and has a direct ten-
dency to enslave the inhabitants of America, and put an end
also the opinion of this meeting), that if the Colo-
unite and strictly adhere to a non-importation agreement
from Great Britain and the them,
of that oppressive act
such an agreement may be entered 3.
and have no trade with
should have great reason to expect in a short time, a repeal
further voted and agreed), that
Col. Nath'l Woodhull, Col.
heartily desire that
Floyd, Mr. Thos. Fanning, Capt.
Josiah Smith, Capt. David Mulford, and Capt. Jona. Baker, be a
standing committee for this place, to correspond with the Committee of Correspondence in the city of N. Y., and others, and that they
immediately communicate the above sentiments to them.
533. At a meeting of the inhabitants of East Hampton?
warned by the Trustees, June
and immunities of British
will co-operate with our brethren in this
utmost of our
will to the
and in a lawful manner defend the
shall appear best adapted to save
and in a measure already
us from the
from the principles
adopted by the British Parliament respecting the town of Boston in particular,
and the British Colonies in North America in general. That a non-importation agreement through the colo-
the most likely
us from the present and future
Chatfield, Esq., Col.
net Miller, Stephen Hedges, Thos.
Esq., John Gardiner,
Esq., and Capt. David Mulford be a standing committee for keeping
up a correspondence with the colony
N. Y., and the towns of this
occasion, with other colonies
and that they
transmit a copy of these votes to the committee of correspondence
N. Y. Voted unanimously, not one dissenting
for the city of
BURNET MILLER, 534. At a general
inhabitants of Huntington tions
Meeting, June 21, '74, the
That every freeman's property is absolutely his own, and no it from him without his consent, expressed
has a right to take
by himself or his representative. That therefore, all taxes and duties imposed on His Majesty's
subjects in the
American Colonies by the authority of Parliament,
are wholly unconstitutional, and a plain violation of the most essential
rights of British subjects.
That the Act of Parliament lately passed for shutting up the means or device, under color of law, to compel them, or any other of His Majesty's American subjects, to submit to Parliamentary taxations, are subversive of their just and 3d.
port of Boston, or any other
SUFFOLK COUNTY. That we are of opinion
suffering in the
that our brethren of Boston are
of British America.
That therefore it is the indispensable duty of all the colonies some effectual measures for the repeal of said Act, and every other Act of Parliament whereby they are taxed for raising 5th.
to unite in
the opinion of this meeting, that the most effectual
for obtaining a speedy repeal of said Acts, will be to break off
commercial intercourse with Great Britain, Ireland, and the En-
West [ndia colonies. And we hereby declare
ourselves ready to enter into these
or such other measures as shall be agreed upon by a General Congress of
gress to take such measures as shall be most effectual to prevent
such goods as are
at present in
America, from being raised to an ex-
appoint Col. Piatt Conklin, John Sloss Hobart,
Esq., and Thos. Wicks, a committee for this town, to act in con-
junction with the committees of the other towns in the county, as a
general committee for the county, to correspond with the committee
of N. Y.
ISRAEL WOOD, The
above Resolutions were also adopted at Smithtown
that " Sol. Smith, Dan'l Smith, and Thos.
Tredwell be a committee fully empowered, in conjunction with the committees of the other towns, to choose delegates to represent this
General Congress, and to do
in defence of our just rights
that shall be necessary
liberties against the unconstitutional
attacks of the British Ministry and Parliament.
DAN'L SMITH, N. Y. Circular 536.
to the several
Gentlemen The now sinking under :
and compassionate concern.
distresses of the poor of the
the hand of power, call for our tender
Every motive of
policy and humanity
should excite us to contribute liberally to their immediate redress.
countrymen and brethren, suffering
and their hard condition
We recommend a generous
may one day
be our own.
subscription for the support of the indi-
gent of that oppressed town.
In some instances
convenient to contribute in wheat or flour, which will be equally serviceable.
vision should be
whole Continent requires that pro-
interest of the
sufferers in our
cause, and the honor and reputation of this Colony must animate us to distinguish ourselves on so benevolent
537. At a meeting of the Committees of Correspondence
county of Suffolk,
That we recommend
County Hall, Nov.
towns in this county to set forward a subscription for the employment and relief of the distressed poor in the town of Boston, to be collected in such 1.
as the committees in each
to the several
to be in
readiness to be forwarded early next spring. 2.
That John Foster have the care of procuring a vessel
to call at the several harbors in this county, to receive
and carry the
above donations to Boston. 3.
fully approve of the proceedings of the late
Continental Congress, and different
to see that the Association
committees of the
by them entered
behalf of themselves and their constituents, be strictly observed.
538. At a meeting of the Committees of Observation for the several towns and districts of Huntington, Smithtown, Islip,
and South Haven," and some of the principal inhabitants of the town of Brookhaven, held at Smithtown, Feb. 23, '75, Col. Piatt Conklin being Chairman, 2.
Resolved nera. con., That
think ourselves under obligations
of gratitude to the worthy gentlemen in particular this
in the late Continental Congress,
in general, for their noble, patriotic
and to that whole as-
faithful discharge of
their important trust. 3.
Resolved nem. con., That a letter be sent to
Nath'l Woodhull, Esqrs., Representatives of this County, informing them that, if a motion should be made in the house for appointing
Delegates to represent this Province, at the Continental Congress, to be held at Philadelphia, in May next, it is our opinion and desire, that they should join in their appointment.
SUFFOLK COUNTY. 4.
Resolved nem. con., That in case the Assembly do not appoint
Delegates, the Committee of Correspondence for the city of N. Y., be desired to call a Provincial Convention for that purpose.
N. B. Most of the towns and districts in this County, have at pubtown meetings, fully adopted the measures recommended by the
Congress, and determined on a
observation of the Association.
539. Nathan Fordham, Burnet Miller, and Thos. Youngs, a sub-
Sag Harbor, request of Congress, (Ap.
ammunition and warlike and that the cannon exposed
stores, suitable for
an inclosed list of cannon,
be mounted on carriages, as they are
to the ravages of the Ministerial
540. Robt. Hempstead
was Chairman of a meeting of the ComCounty Hall, Ap.
mittees from the different towns in Suffolk, at the
Floyd, Col. Nath'l Woodhull, Col.
Phineas Fanning, Thomas Tredwell, and John Sloss Hobart, Esqrs., Deputies to the N.York Provincial Convention for choosing Delegates to the Continental Congress, to be held at Philadelphia, in
the Provincial Congress, to be held,
22d, '75, Col.
Thomas Tredwell, John Ezra L'Hommedieu, Thos. Wickham, James Havens, and John
Nath'l Woodhull, Foster,
Selah Strong, were elected Deputies for one year.
542. At a meeting of freeholders and other inhabitants of Brookhaven, June
chosen 16 persons, as a Committee of Observation
sent said town and deliberate on other matters relative to our
present political welfare.
that the last
June, be appointed as the day for the Committee to meet.
The Committee met hull,
at Coram, June 27 Present, John WoodHelme, Esq., John Robinson, Thos. Fanning, Lt. ;
Brown, John Woodhull, Jr., Thompson, of Smith, and Jonah Hulse, of Patentship of Jos.
Capt. Jona. Baker, Dan'l Roe, Sam'l
Capt. Josiah Smith.
Then proceeded, and chose John Woodhull, Esq., Ch'n, and Sam'l Thompson, Clerk, and entered 1.
into the following resolutions
Resolved nem. con., That
express our loyalty to His
and acknowledge him as our rightful lord and
Resolved unanimously, That
the opinion of this
Acts passed in the British Parliament, for the purpose of raising a revenue in America also the Acts for stopping for the Port of Boston for altering their charter and government tee, that the several
Catholic religion, and abolishing the equita-
ble system of English laws and erecting in their stead
Government in Canada as also the Act for restraining the New England fishery and further declaring they have power to make laws binding on us in all cases whatsoever, are contrary to the constitution and subversive of our legal rights as English freemen and
British subjects. 4.
Resolved nem. con., That
will use our
adhere to the Resolutions of the Honorable Continental
Congress, and to comply with the injunctions of our Provincial Convention,
which (under God) we hope
the most effectual
to obtain redress of our present grievances,
and save us from im-
pending ruin. 5.
We do unanimously make this our apology to
public and to our several Congresses, that
Congressional measures, and hope a veil
for our remissness
patriotic spirit, but
because opposition ran so high in some parts of arose,
we have come so late into may be cast over our past this
from want of better information.
unanimously resolved, that we will keep a strict watch no provisions be transported from the bounds of our constituents,
6. It is
so as to 7.
the hands of our enemies.
Ordered, that the proceedings of this meeting be printed by
John Holt. 543. [The General Association (see Queens Co., 25,) was alThe most unanimously signed in Suffolk, only 236 recusants. original lists may be seen in Vol. XXX. of the MS. Papers of the
N. Y. Provincial Congress, in the Secretary of State's Office, at Albany, and are reprinted in Force's American Archives, III., 608.
Israel Youngs of Cold Spring brought in his Henry Dawkins an engraver, whom he employed
sloop from N. Y.
9 weeks in the garret of his house counterfeiting
They were Huntington Com-
to Philadelphia for the paper used.
Wicks, taken before the
arrested by aid of Thos.
mittee at Nath'l Williams' Tavern, and thence to N. Y. where they
were confined till July 18, when Dawkins was sent to Westchester and Israel and Isaac Youngs to Litchfield, where they lived at
10 with the
Jour. 445, 718, 577.
'76, when they went off leaving Ketcham was probably discharged Aug. 17.
(See also 53.)
Youngs was taken
to N. Y. by Thos. Brush and Sam'l Brown The houses of George and Isaac Youngs and
Eliph. Brush, charged by Jacob
John Williams were searched, but nothing found. [Philip was acJune 17. Ed. Jour. 471, 714.
Phineas Fanning, David Mulford, Esq., Capt. Tim. were appointed muster masters of the troops to be raised in
545. Col. Earle,
Suffolk, July 8, '75.
John Hulbert, Capt.
29, '75, Suffolk Co. Warrants,
Philips, 1st Lt.
John Grennel, Capt.
2dLt. Dan'l Griffen, Capt; Benj. Marvin, 1st Lt.
2d Lt. Capt. John Grenell, of Huntington, July 14, '75.
Smith, 1st Lt.
Alex. Ketcham, 2d Lt.;
in place of
Philips and Philip Conklin declined.
547. Whilst the British were at Boston, their vessels occasionally carried off stock from Suffolk Co.
July 5, '75:
people of E. and S.
Capt. Hulbert's company, to
guard the stock on the
or 4000 sheep) from the ravages of the enemy.
July 31, '75.
looking for stock, as der.
Congress allow Griffing and Hulbert's companies to
now raising for Schuyler's army, may remain common land of Montauk, (2000 cattle and 3
of British shipping are seen off Oyster Ponds,
company have no powCor. 69.
Congress order Wooster to send from his camp at Har-
lem, four companies to
(to be under command of Col. Phineas Fanning,) guard stock on the east end of L. I. Congress also vote 200 lbs.
the order of Ezra
L'Hommedieu and John
Jour. 102, 103.
Congress recommend the removal
Gardiners and Plum
of stock from Jour. 110.
Congress hear that 36 cattle and 1100 sheep are
taken from Fisher's Gardiner's
Aug. 22, to
I., and 40 or 50 cattle and 1800 or 2000 sheep from by Col. Abijah Willard. Jour. 112,119.
come again with
Gardiner of Plum
says Col. Willard threatens
force sufficient to take off stock
Sep. 7, '75.
Capt. John Hulbert marched from Montauk, but his
have borrowed guns.
Ebenezer Piatt received of Congress 100
Sep. 14, '75. der.
548. Thos. Helme, 3, '75, that
Chairman pro tern., writes to Congress, Aug. Parson James Lyon, [put under guard in Wooster's
Camp, Aug. 11,] Benj. Floyd, Dr. Gilbert Smith, Joseph Denton, Richard Floyd, and John Baleys, innkeeper, have from the beginning taken every method to seduce the ignorant and counteract the measures recommended for redress of grievances.
They d n all 1. They have
Congresses and Committees, wishing they were in h
declared they will furnish the men-of-war and cutters with provisions.
List of Field Officers of 2d Bat.
1st Col. Jonas Hedges, 2d Col. ; Uriah Rogers, 1st Major; Geo. Herrick, 2d Major; John Gelston, Adj. Phineas Howell, Q. M. ;
Company Capt. David Howell;
1st Lt. Jer'h Post;
2dLt. Paul Jones
En. Zeph. Rogers. Capt. John Dayton,
1st Lt. Isaac
Mulford Hunting 2d Lt. ;
1st Lt. Dan'l
En. Theoph's Pierson.
Capt. David Pierson
En. Dan'l Conklin.
2d Lt. Thos.
SUFFOLK COUNTY. Capt.
2d Lt. Lemuel
2d Lt. Henry
En. Nath'l Rogers.
Capt. Josiah Howell,
En. Isaac Halsey.
1st Lt. Nath'l
2d Lt. Mat.
1st Lt. Silas Jessup; 2dLt.
ward Conklin; En. Dan'l Fordham. 1st Lt. Edward Topping 9. Capt. John Sandford Howell En. John Hildreth. ;
2d Lt. Philip
Sept. 4, '75, Philetus Smith
Edmund Smith, jr. 1st Lt.
Dan'l Tillotson, 2d Lt.; and Richard
Smith, En., under the inspection of Dan'l Smith, Jacob Mills and
Thos. Tredwell, Committee-men. 551.
Matthew Rose was chosen Capt.
Smith, 1st Lt.
David Fanning, 2d Lt.
Sep. 6, '75. Sam'l
and John Smith, Ensign, of
of 1st Reg. of Suffolk, at Southhold, in presence of
Tho's Fanning and
hull, 1st. Lt.
Thompson was chosen
Isaac Davis, 2d Lt.
and Dan'l Satterly, Ensign, of
presence of Nath'l Roe,
of Brookhaven, in
Woodhull, and Sam'l Thompson, Committee-men.
552. At a meeting
ting Field Officers for the
From Huntington, John SlossHobart, Dr.
Gilbert Potter, Capt.
5, '75, for
Western Reg. of
Esq., Tho's Wickes, Esq.,
Henry Scudder, Stephen Piatt. From Smithtown,
Ketcham,Tho's Brush jr., John Squier, Eben'r
Tho's Tredwell, Esq., Jeffery Smith, Jacob Mills, Jonas Phillips, Philetus Smith,
Smith, Dan'l Smith.
Jona. Baker, John Woodhull. Jos. Brown, Sam'l
haven, <%c, ter,
Smith, Tho's Fanning,
Dan'l Roe, Nath'l Roe. bert Potter, Lt. Col.
Smith, 2d Major
Floyd was nominated Col.
Capt. Nathan Woodhull, 1st Major;
Philip Roe, Adj.
Woodhull, Brig. Gen. 553. Sep. hull, 1st Lt.
5, '75. ;
Eben'r Miller was chosen Capfc
and David Davis, Ensign, of 2d Com-
Brookhaven, in presence of Tho's Helme, John Woodhull
and Noah Hallock, Committee-men. Committee Chamber, Huntington, Sept. 11,
Officers of the 1st three Militia
JohnWickes,Capt.; Epenetus Conklin, 1st Lt; Jonah Wood,2d Ebenezer Prime Wood, Ensign. 2. Jesse Brush,Capt. Epenetus Conklin, 1st Lt. Philip Conklin, 1.
Jos. Titus, Ensign.
Gilbert Fleet, 1st Lt.
part not yet elected officers.
555. At a meeting of the several committees in the 1st
Reg. of Suffolk Co. held at Smithtown, Oct. 24, '75 Smith was appointed Chairman ; present,
Jesse Brush, Esq., John Squires,StephenKetcham,Tho's Wickes,
Henry Scudder, Dr.
Esq., Timothy Ketcham,
Gilbert Potter, Tho's
Brush, jr., Israel Wood, Stephen Kelsey, Ebenezer
Dan'l Tillotson, Tho's Tredwell, Esq., Jeffery Smith, Philetus
Smith, Dan'l Smith, Capt. Job Smith, Jacob Mills,
Epenetus Smith, Sam'l
Hulse, of Manor St. George. Capt. Josiah Smith, of Moriches. Capt. Sam'l Thompson, Wm. Brewster, John Woodhull, Dan'l Roe, Nath'l Roe,
Capt. Jona. Baker, Richard Woodhull,
Esq., of Brookhaven. JefFery
Smith was nominated
in place of
and Capt. Jesse Brush 2d Major
in place of
John Sloss Hobart, Tho's Tredwell, Selah
Strong, Nath'l Woodhull, Ezra L'Hommedieu, David Gelston, Tho's
Wickham, and Dan'l Brown,
were elected Deputies
557. Nov. 27, '75.
Tho's Hempstead, 1st Lt.;
commission [as Capt.]
John Drake, En-
Huntington, Dec. 10, :
will receive this
by Major Brush, who
the Committee to lay before the Congress, the state of the
to their slackness in military preparations, as also that
reason to believe
We not only
indifferent in this great contest.
methods are used by our neighbors
beg your advice but
opinion, if there is not a sufficient
immediately sent to effectually subdue Queens Co. and to intimi-
date the people
among us, a great many from here will soon be in a little Queens Co., which we have great
better condition than the rebels of
reason to believe vants.
interest with our slaves
have exerted myself in
by your House, individual, I I
must be obliged
but as to myself as an
am determined to live and die free, am sir, your most humble servant,
GILBERT POTTER. To John
in Pro. Congress.
559. Commissions issued Dec. 12, '75. tus, Capt.
Joshua Rogers, 1st Lt,
Joel Scudder, Capt.
Comp. Jona. Ti3d Comp.
Tho's Brush, 2d Lt.
Nath'l Buffit, 1st
Smith, 2d Lt.
John Hart, Ensign.
men, within the bounds of Brook Haven, Smithtown, Manor St. George and the Patentship of Moriches, who have chosen Dan'l Roe, Capt.; ips,
Hugh Smith, 1st Lt.; Caleb Brewster, 2d Lt.; Eben'r PhilAnd as Hugh Smith and David Fanning, 1st and 2d
Brookhaven, (whereof Nath'l Roe
Capt.) have enlisted in the minute service, the
Baker, 2d, Lt.
company have chosen Doxey Lane, Ensio-n.
was made in presence of us, who are of the committee. The minute men (who are much needed to still intestine disaffection) want powder, ball, guns, drum, colors &c, which choice of the above
are not to be had here
pany not able
be bought, a great part of the com-
WM. SMTH. JOSIAH SMITH. To
Congress send 1000
561. Jan. 5, '76.
ton Committee. Gilbert Potter certifies that St. Kelsey and
562. Jan. 12, '76.
Committee-men, had inspected the election of comp. of Huntington,
Isaac Dennis, 2d Lt.
Piatt Veal, Capt.
Jacob Conklin, En.
Thos. Wickes and Jesse Brush certify the election of John Buffet, Capt.
Zeb. Ketcham, En. of the
4th Comp. Suffolk Co., Jan. 24, '76.
pursuance to your order,
pointed the Field-officers for the minute
militia of this
great exposedness of the east end, and the extensiveness of the
county, induces us to desire a no. of Continental troops
tioned here. this Island,
and hope a
a no. of poor
the cause, and
no doubt the Continent proposes
would be glad
be stationed here.
are good soldiers and friends to
minute men, but have no some could be procured at
to enlist as
should be glad to
the public expense.
makes it difficult to raise and They complain that they are not sufficiently
situation of this county
the minute men.
considering the great distance they are obliged to travel 10,
and 12 miles, and that on
on the same account, are
at considerable expense, besides the ex-
pense of raising their companies, and pray they
order of the Committee,
WM. SMITH, 564.
Minute Men. Feb. 20, '76.
Josiah Smith, Col.; John Hulbert, 2d Col.
Jona. Baker, 2d Major
Isaac Reeve, 1st
Isaac Overton, declined,) Eben. Dayton, Q,.
Adj., (in place of
Officers of the Artillery.
Wm. Rogers, Captain 1st Lt.
John Franks, Capt.
Thos. Baker, 2d Lt.
Tuthill, Lt. fireworker.
SUFFOLK COUNTY. 565.
Isaac Thompson, Chairman
of the Committee of
writes to Congress, Feb. 9, '76, that there never has been a militia
company in that precinct, but that the east part bore arms in the Smithtown company, and the west were under a Huntington Captain, which has caused uneasiness. The people, with the consent of Col. Potter, assembled and chose Benajah Strong, Captain ry, 1st Lt.
Sam'l Oakley, 2d Lt.
The company numbers 36
signed the association.
and Annen Mowbray, En., who or 37.
566. Thos. Cooper and S. Halsey, Committee-men, certify the Nath'l Howel, jr., 1st Lt. and election of Zeph. Rogers, Capt. ;
Mat. Sayer, 2d
company of minute men
Lt., of a
before Feb. 23, '76.
Maltby Gelston certifies the election of David Pierson, Capt. John Foster, jr., 1st Lt. Abm. Rose, 2d Lt. and Edward Topping, En., of another company of minute men in South Hampton. Ezekiel Mulford, Capt. John Miller, 1st Lt. and Nath'l Hand, 2d Lt., of a company of minute men at East Hampton. ;
Smith, Chairman, requests of Congress,
the loan of ÂŁ500, to be lodged with the Treasurer, Col. Josiah
pay out the same.
John Chatfield of E. Hampton, and Thos.
Cooper of S. Hampton, are directed out for the British
to station persons to
569. Mar. 27, '76.
Roe and Sam'l Thompson,
the election of Selah Strong, Capt.
Brewster, 2d Lt.
Clark, 1st Lt.
and Nath'l Brewster, En., of a minute company in
Brookhaven. 570. Ap. 7, 76.
Henry Skudder, 2d
Nath'l Piatt, Capt. Lt.
and Henry Blatsley, En.
ÂŁ22 18 6, for keeping when British fleet was exmember of the Committee, was
571. Account of Capt. Jeremiah Rogers, look-out at South Hampton, pected, certified by
exhibited for payment, Jan. 28, '77.
Nath'l Woodhull, Thos.
Strong, John Sloss Hobart, Thos. Wickham, David Gelston, Dan'l Brown, and Ezra L'Hommedien, were elected to represent Suffolk
Co. in Provincial Congress, as appears by the certificate of
Smith, Chairman, and Ezra L'Hommedieu, Clk. of the Committee. 573. Capt. John Davis had enlisted 70 1st Lt. of
and Benj. Marvin,
company, 75 men, before Ap.
574. In consideration of the defenceless state of E. part of Suffolk Co., the 3 companies raised for continental service,
tinued there. 575.
two companies of minute men
Southold, Col. Smith's Reg. 1.
2d Lt. 2.
Joshua Youngs, 1st Lt.
James Reeve, En.
Paul Reeve, Capt.
David Horton, 2d
Nath'l Hudson, En.
2d N. Y. Reg.
Dan'l Roe, Capt.
Jona. Titus, 1st Lt.
Geo. Smith, 2d Lt.
Benj. Titus, En. 2.
Daniel GrifFen, Capt.
2d Lt. 3.
John Davis, Capt. ;
Jacob Conklin, En. ;
Silvanus Conklin, En.
Return of Col. Smith?
SUFFOLK COUNTY. Staff of Minute Regiment. Josiah Smith, Col.; John Hulbert, Lt. Col.
Overton, 2d Maj.
Eph'm Marvin, Adj.
Isaac Reeve, Maj.
578. Wra. Smith writes to Congress from
25, '76, that there
and the Ships of
Eben. Dayton, Q. M.
a communication from Winthrop's Patent?
that one Gyer, a skipper, had
carried off a no. of disaffected persons, mostly from Conn.,
been skulking in the woods, particularly one Fountain, a gunsmith. It is
suspected the British also get water, clams, and oysters.
men have been
stationed there since last
are farmers, they cannot leave the matter
Monday, but as they
home without ruining
referred to Congress.
579. Lt. John Holliday sends to Gen. Greene, from Far Rocka-
Nathan and Lazarus Gyer, of Blue Point, and
Benj. Scribner, taken in a clam boat near against Silas Carman's
Landing, O. Bay.
ashore at Fort
were seen by Gilbert Jones, of the O. Bay Committee, with a prospect-glass. They were examined, May 26, before Joshua Ketcham and B.
580. June 8, '76.
Jona. Baker and Steph. Fountain, convicted
committees of Brookhaven, Manor St. George, and Patentship of Moriches, of taking up arms and corresponding with the
British ships, and promoting discord among the inhabitants and seducing many to forsake the cause of their country, were brought to Congress by Lt. Wm. Clarke, and committed to safe custody.
Nathan and Lazarus Gyre and Jona. Baker were
July 18. Litchfield jail.
to reinforce the Continental
of Queens, 175; of Kings, 58 men,
guard-boats Montgomerie and Schuyler lay at Fire
583. June 27, '76. Gen. Nath. Woodhull, Ezra L'Hommedieu, John Sloss Hobart, Burnet Miller, Thos. Dealing, David Gelston,
Smith, and Thos. Tredwell,Esqs., elected to the 4th Pro. Con-
a new form of government, as appears
committee, signed by
certificate of the
Jour. 515. 584. June 29, '76.
Officers of 2d
Comp., 3d Bat., Militia.
Wells, En. 585.
List of Officers of Col. Smith's Reg.
Col. Josiah Smith
Sergeant Maj. John Stratton
Q. Master Serg. Maj.
Company. Capt. Zeph'h Rogers
Lt. Paul Jones
Q. Master Increase Carpen-
Gelston, Tim. Halsey, David Lupton
Corp's Jehiel Howell, Elias Pierson, Jona. Cook.
2d Comp. Capt. Skudder
John Stratton, John
Hubbs, Jed'h Mills, John Hart.
3d Comp. Capt. briel
1st Lt. Robt.
Nathan Furman, Gabriel Leveridge Smith, Thos. Gillinworth, John Furman. (See Q. Co.
4th Comp. Capt. Peter Nostrand Co., p. 85)
2d Lt. John Carman
Thos. Williams, (See Q.
Serg'ts Benj. Cornell, Martin Ryer-
Rem. Hardenbergh. 5^ Comp. Capt. Thos. Wicks 1st Lt. Brush 2d Lt. Whitman Serg'ts Ketcham, Vail, Sammis Corp's Rusco, Conklin, Kelsey. 6th Comp. Capt. R. Manee 1st Lt. Jotham Townsend 2d Lt. Richard Townsend Serg'ts Wm. Roe, Sam'l Burr, Hicks Corp's son,
Mitchell, Jackson. (See
1th Comp. Capt. Selah Strong [Nath'l
Woodhull, Smith, Woodhull
kins, Marvin, Lyons.
8th Comp. Capt. Youngs Serg'ts Beasley, King,
(See Q. Co.,
2d Lt. Isaac Hicks [or
Comp. Capt. [Paul] Reeve
Wheelock Roe, Rich'd Hubbard, Nath'l Conklin
Corp's Solomon, Havens, Wells.
10th Comp. Capt,
1st Lt. Increase
SUFFOLK COUNTY. Lt.
Serg'ts Thurston, Higbie
Smith. (See Q. Co.,
Corp's Oba. Smith,
11th Comp. Capt. B. Birdsall.
12th Comp. Capt. Ezekiel Mulford
M. Mulford^Pierson, Domini Crook, Ludlam Parsons. t Serg'ts
2d Lt. [Nath'l]
* Capt. Nath'l Piatt, of Col. Smith's Reg't of militia drafts raised on L.
March 8, '77, of Congress £8, for the last half bounty paid Matthew Beal, and Thomas Peters, privates. Also £141, full of a Pay and Subsistence Roll of part of his company that
Nath'l Smith, 17, 6, in
joined Col. H. B. Livingston's Reg. t Jan. 16, '77.
Roll for £70, 18, 9, of Caleb Brewster, Lt.
and Cor. Clark, Zophar Hawkins, and Jacob Jones, privates in Capt. Selah Strong's Company, in Col. Smith's Reg., who joined Col. Livingston's Reg., from July 20 to Dec. 29, was paid by Congress. Jour. 774. X
Capt. Hulbert's account current
Aug. 31, 1776,
Acc't of supplies,
12. 12. 11.
men, (£28. wages and billeting
Cr. cash rec'd of
Smith Town, Aug. 12,
send you inclosed, the Resolution"of the Convention
and a Letter from the President I desire that
you would with
likewise a Letter from Gen. Greene.
under our command, at the most convenient place that you think proper in your county,
on the way
Gen. Greene's encampment.
companies in Suffolk County are
at Increase Carpenter's
to-morrow, some time in the latter part
of the day. I
your humble servant,
JOSIAH SMITH, To
In Convention of the Representatives of the State of New-York,
1776, Resolved, That Col. Josiah Smith immedi-
new Levies to
the western part of Nassau Island, and within 2 miles of Brig. Gen. Greene's encampment and that he obey such orders as he may receive" from time to time from Gen. Greene. Harlem, Aug. 8, '76. Sir You will see by the inclosed resolution that you are ordered to march the whole force under your command within 2 miles of the army all his
I., commanded by Gen. Greene. It is expected Convention, that you order Kings and Queens Counties first, as
west end of L.
they are near, and Suffolk to follow as soon as possible. tions,
with the inclosed,
directed to send you with dispatch, not
doubting you will execute them with the utmost diligence.
and very humble servant.
Col. Josiah Smith.
N. B. If this letter must dispatch your orders pay the cost.
you in Queens County or Kings, you officers by express, and Congress will
[See Greene's Letter, Sec. 93, Queens Co.
Huntington, July 23, '76. Yesterday the Freedom and Independence of the Thirteen United Colonies was, with beat of drum, proclaimed at the several places of parade, by reading the Declaration of the General Congress, to-
gether with the Resolutions of our Provincial Convention thereupon
which were approved and applauded by the animated shouts of the people who were present from all the distant quarters of tins district. After which the flag which used to erty on one side, and i.
w as T
wave on Liberty-pole, having
on the other, underwent a reform,
George III. were discarded,
being publicly ripped off; and then an effigy of the Personage, represented by those letters, being hastily fabricated out of base materials, its
face black like
Dunmore's Virginia [negro] regiment,
head adorned with a wooden crown, and
feathers, like Carleton
and Johnson's Savages, and
in the Union, instead of a blanket or robe of state,
gun-powder, which the original seems
gether with the letters above mentioned,was ploded and burnt to ashes.
and lined with
a gallows, ex-
In the evening the Committee of this
town, with a large number of the principal inhabitants sat around the genial board, and drank 13 patriotic toasts,
among which were,
and independent States of America; The General Con-
the 13 States;
Commanders, and success and enlargement to the American Navy. Nor was the memory of our late brave heroes, who have gloriously lost their lives in the cause of Liberty and their Country forgotten. Holt's
mounting four cannon Aug.
tion of the East
N. Y. Journal.
Southold expended ÂŁ24. 17.
589. Convention send an express on Saturday morning to Suffolk Co. to
Gen. Woodhull, or
march without delay
with 5 days' provisions into the Western part of Queens all
half the western Reg. of Suffolk Co.
Jamaica, whence he wrote
to the convention for further instructions, but the
had not arrived at
I received information
house from Jamaica half an hour, before
by express from Capt. Thompson of Brook-
haven, that two ships, one brig and three tenders had landed a ber of regular troops between Old Man's and
one o'clock were shooting
your party to the eastward, and as our
expect them in our bay before morning, the only
harbor in the Sound
Major Smith has ordered the
are gone and the wind fresh to the eastward, I well
not lay there.
letter is lost
Huntington, Aug. 26,
by removing or destroying them.
Queens with the horse, to prevent the Queens from falling into the enemy's hands?
the militia of
stock and provisions in either
absence to Lt. Col. Pot-
19, '76, as field-pieces for the protec-
have not ordered any
here as yet,
mustering them to make as good opposition as possible.
We must have help here I think Gen.
every thing possible for
Washington should be acquainted.
shall be done.
In great haste, Yours,
GILBERT POTTER. To
Brig. Gen. Woodhull.
Benj. Havens, Nath'l
Williams, Philip Allen,
Hendrickson and Nathaniel Seaman were empowered
32 fat cattle
Commissary General, and
Suffolk Co's on account of the
Gen. Woodhull's En-
of Queens Co., Aug. 27, '76.
send you a copy of a letter from Col. Potter,
yesterday at 11 o'clock, after bringing about 100
Major Smith has,
I expect, all the rest that
40 of the
from the Regiments in Queens Co., and about longing to Kings and Queens Co's, which got
of the troop be-
southward of the Hills in Kings Co. drove to the
eastward of the cross road between the two Co's, and have placed guards
sentries from the
South side of the Island, in
order to prevent the cattle going back, and to prevent the communica-
within about six miles of the
Their light-horse,* has
been within two miles of
tions of the Tories with the
me, and unless
our stay here will answer no purpose.
soon want to be supplied with provision,
obedient humble servant
NATH'L WOODHULL. * See Queens Co., Sec. 99, 593.
Note.— Ed. orders Col. Smith's and
Gen. Woodhull, and that he then take post on the
heights near the west of
for preventing the depredations
Co., or in
and incursions of the
that he call out the militia and other inhabitants to protect those re-
moving, or to destroy stock and other provisions. vent intercourse with the
enemy and secure
also to pre-
suspicious persons and
search their houses for papers. Smith's and Remsen's Regiments were now shut up in the American Lines, so that no assistance ever reached Woodhull. Ed. Jamaica, Aug. 27, '76.
Gentlemen: ing brought
at Jamaica, with less than 100
have sent them off with the Troops of Horse, with orders the rest Eastward of this place to the East end of to put
into the fields
the cattle from the westward, southward of the hills
guard over them.
informed, are intrenching from the Heights near Howard's, South-
SUFFOLK COUNTY. ward.*
received yours, with several resolutions, which I
was in my power to put in execution, and Remsen, mentioned in yours, join me with wish
other assistance immediately,
moving East, and tinue
but, unless Col's
Regiments, or some
not be able, for the people are
cannot get any assistance from them.
here as long as I can, in hopes of a reinforcement
and drive the stock before me, into the Unless you Col's Smith and Remsen, I think cannot join me.
other assistance, I fear I shall soon be obliged to quit
hear from you.
Your most obedient,humble
NATH'L WOODHULL. To *
Hon. Convention of the State of N. Y.
mistake of course.
have been received
and acted upon by the Convention before the preceding one, Ed. so entered in the Journal.
The battle of Brooklyn had now been fought
an account of
which, see Kings Co.) and the enemy had so completely surprised the American scouts, on the morning of Aug. 27, that not one probably had escaped to apprize
and warn him to
Woodhull of the
loss of our outposts,
from impending danger, for we find him the day
after the defeat yet at Jamaica, writing a letter to the
waiting for a reply, at
his perilous proximity.
596. Major Lawrence,
behooved him to withdraw speedily and
who came on
a message from Woodhull,
informs Convention the morning of Aug. 28, that Dr. told
scattering troops [British] had posted
themselves, Aug. 27, on the ridge of
maica; that they had been in
between Newtown and Ja-
and drink but had not plundered as he understood. Convention, Aug. 28, order Maj. Lawrence to wait on Gen. Wash-
ton with a copy of
and inform him
and Remsen's Regiments may be sent
Woodhull by way of
Washington declined sending the Regiments as he could not Ed. Convention also order Mr. Van Wyck to repair immediately to Flushing to gain intelligence of the situation of the enemy and what spare them.
places are occupied by Woodhull, and that he dispatch a boat with
possible expedition with the information, at the
ing out the most suitable place for
same time pointWoodhulPs reinforcement to land. Flushing, Aug. 28, '76.
Gentlemen:â€” I am informed by Thos. Thorne, a member of Committee, who just came from Gen. Woodhuli, that he was at Jamaica
and that he [Thorne]
came from White Stone that the ships of war lay between Thorn's Point and Great Neck that there can be no danger of bringing up our men to this place, if [we] can get them up just
will be proper to
soon as possible by the same boat, as just going to
send this intelligence off as
cannot get any other.
am, Gentlemen, your most
the Pro. Congress.
[Whether Van Wyck ever reached Woodhuli or Perhaps he
sible to tell.
in companies of 8 or 10,
hands of the light-horse, who,
pillaging at Flushing.
Jamaica, Aug. 28, 597. press,
you yesterday, one by ex-
;* and also sent my Brigade-major to my situation, and I expected an answer to some of but my express informed me he was detained till last
and another by Mr. Harper
to the General.
night for an answer.
a copy of the
message by tion.
rec'd yours of the 26th,
without a single word of answer to
have about 70 men, and about 20 of the troop, which
force I have or can expect,
people are so alarmed in Suffolk, that they will not any more of them
march and as to Col's Smith and Remsen's regiments, they cannot join me, for the communication is cut off between us. I have sent about 1100 cattle to the great fields on the plains yesterday, about 300 more gone and I have ordered a guard of an off this morning to the same place :
and horses are worn out with toward Hempstead to take
get no water in those fields.
cattle are not all
My men gone off
ordered them yesterday, but they were not able
brought yesterday about 300 from Newtown.
think the cattle are in as
much danger on
and have ordered the inhabitants
the north as
on the south
you cannot send
me an immediate reinforcement, I am afraid I shall have no men with me by to-morrow night for they consider themselves in an enemy's And if I can have no reinforcement, I beg you will send very country. ;
them, or leave them,
for I shall
do with the stock, whether
not be able to get them,
I shall kill
tend them [even] if the men I have will all stay with me. I beg you would immediately send at least 2 members as a committee that I may have their advice for unless you do, I must quit, for I hope the Con:
vention does not expect
brick with [out] straw.
NATH'L WOODHULL. [*
Robert Harper had just carried .£200
and was on
his return to the Convention.
Committee of Flush-
the last letter ever written by the General
ten probably only a few hours before his capture
waiting for a reply that he was overtaken by the enemy.
pliance with his request, the Convention ordered,
Judge Hobart and Jas. Townsend be a Committee to repair to Gen. Woodhull, to assist him with their advice, and that they impress boats and persons to convey themselves to the General with the ut-
most dispatch all
and that they and the General be instructed
such stock and grain in Queens and the western part of Suffolk,
be in danger of falling into the enemy's hands and cannot be
removed, to be destroyed.]
Townsend and Hobart, on arriving in Queens Co., Woodhull's capture, when they hastened on to Hunting-
ton— Ed.] Aug.
der Sam'l Townsend, a
senger to him (fearing a
ignorance of Woodhull's
of their body, to be sent as a mes-
into the enemies' hands) to
give an account of their proceedings upon the subject of his letters,
and of Washington's sen.
letter declining to
part, if any, the
not able to say.
and perhaps acted as inner guards. to
send Cols. Smith and
did not set out. I.
regiments bore in the battle of
They were hemmed Col.
in the Lines,
Smith joined in the retreat
as appears by the following letter.
the President of the Convention.
march my Reg. over to N. Y., and there to receive orders from the Convention of N. Y., which I desire you to send me by the bearer, Col. Phinehas Fanning.
the General to
[Convention order Col. Smith's Reg. to Hoorn's Hook, but it was soon disbanded, " the Col. giving leave for every man to shift for himself in getting their families
effects off L. I."
[The death of Gen. Woodhull has not been described
tory of the Revolution, and as the accounts both written and traditional
insert all the notices of his capture
have met with, and leave the reader
599- Death of Gen. Woodhull, from Wood's L.
pages 88, 89.
Ed. o/1826. Before General Woodhull had reached the outposts of the rican
discovered that the British had possession of the
country between him and the
left wing of the American army, and any farther advance would only expose his troops, without effecting any good purpose, and therefore ordered a retreat. The
in the rear
companions, waiting, as
and retreated slowly with only one or two the return of his Brigade Major
is said, for
severe thunder shower, as
to take refuge in a public
lage], and before he left the house
British Dragoons, and 71st
who had been
Reg. of British
dispatched in pursuit of the
under his command, accompanied by some disaffected inhabi-
tants [of Jamaica] as guides.
to be a
Major Baird$ of the
he was overtaken by a detach-
ment of the 17th Reg. of
house about 2 miles east of Jamaica
save the King."
The Gen. stept to the doorj in order who first approached him, said
71st, as is reported, ordered
which he most cowardly and cruelly
to say all,"
assailed the defenceless General
with his broadsword, and would have killed him on the spot,
had not been prevented by the interference of an
honor and humanity, said to be Major Delancy|| of the Dragoons,
arrested his savage violence.
The Gen. was
SUFFOLK COUNTY. the head, and one or both arms * * * * * the wrist. It is
was mangled from the shoulder
said that one of the battalions employed in this inglorious
warfare against an unresisting individual, or some other one, was com-
manded by a Major Crewe,1T a distant kinsman of the Gen., and that when he came to be apprized of that fact and of the circumstances of the case, he was so mortified, that he either resigned his commission and quit the service, ®r obtained permission to leave the army,
and returned to England. [* It is
demonstrated by documents that Gen.
dered to join the A. army at
but to drive off the stock towards the
[t Could foot soldiers have kept suit of the
Gowanus, Aug. [I
up with dragoons in
Besides, the 71st Reg.
their hot pur-
in battle at
The accounts vary
of the precise
of the General's capture
his horse, stepping to the door, taken in the
the barn, or after an ineffectual
attempt at concealment, or on the
piazza.] [§ In '76 there
was a Capt.
(not Major) Sir Jas. Baird of the 71st
See Queens Co., Sec. 112.]
Major Crewe (17th Dragoons),
slow about [I
he ever did resign, was very
have italicised the words implying doubt or uncertainty
They occur nine times! In his first edition, 1824, Wood says, " Woodhull was suffered by the officers to be so cut and mangled, that he died of his wounds a few days after his capture." above account.
A New Haven paper
of Sep. 4, says, "Woodhull, late President
New-York Congress, for was wounded on the head with
refusing to give up his side arms,
a cutlass and had a bayonet thrust
through his arm."
[The mention of
cutlass and bayonet
indicate that both
horse and foot were present at Woodhull's capture. Col. Livingston says, Southold, prisoner ter
Woodhull was taken
28, and cruelly treated
he was taken he received a
language, and was
by the horse.
in his head and
committed close prisoner
this refer to his
being ordered to say "
save the king!"
Fishkill, Sep. 7th, that "
Island Sep. 5th, '76, reports at
one of the Light Horsemen told he had
taken Gen. Woodhull in the dark in Increase Carpenter's barn
would answer when he spoke
that before he
to the General,
cut him on the head and both arms." Jour. 617, 619. " Sundry prisoners taken on L. I. Aug. 27, were, in an inhuman
and barbarous manner, murdered
particularly a General
hacked to pieces with cutlasses, when
Allen's Life, written
and prevent is
highly probable in
were sent expressly
his driving off the live stock,
Howard, aged (who acted as and started in
had surrendered their
Woodhull, of the
which they so much needed,
scouts to the enemy), heard where Woodhull's party lay,
but on hearing an exaggerated account of
his force, they returned."
after the battle, they set out
him, and entered Jamaica village at tea-time, inquiring for
the night before the battle, the light horse
Hinchman, a noted Whig, who had house, expecting perhaps to find Woodhull there. the house of Robert
ran out of the back door, but was stopped by the soldiers
already surrounded the
Hinchman was next seen in front of his house on his knees with hands uplifted and the enemy flourishing their swords over his head. His life was spared, but he was put in jail that night and next day sent westward.
light horse rode
where they saw two horses
and supposed the
Mrs. Hinchman used to
must be near.
After searching a while to no
purpose, they fired their pistols into the thatched roof of the barn, but as the straw
They then broke open till
his putting forth his
they pricked the heel of
Gen. Woodhull was
brought wounded the same evening into the back room of her house
on a bed,
He begged pit
as a butcher
would a shin of
Mrs. H. not to leave him alone, and that her son might
up with him that
" Don't be uneasy, General," said the kind
hostess, " I don't expect to go to bed to-night."
said " he
(In Knapp's Life of
in the stone church, exposed
The next morning enemy would have made Woodhull walk with other prisoners to the British army, but he was too faint. Whithead Hicks had previously offered his carriage for the use of the wounded General, but the kind offer was rejected, incredible as it may seem, by Sir Wm. Erskine At last, as David Lamberson, also a prisoner, was too unwell to walk, they made him take his own chair and Woodhull with him in it. The General, with other prisoners, was probably first taken to Howe's head-quarin his blood-stained garments, to the gaze of all.")
near Brooklyn, to be registered.
of his confinement
brought on board a prison-ship off
tertained and soon exchanged.
when he was
was Woodhull's treatment from
Sterling, taken prisoners the
lar or Continental
nothing of the place
about a fortnight
that of Gen. Sullivan
day before, who were kindly enbecause they were of the Regu-
army, while Woodhull, though President of the N.
Y. Convention, was but a general of militia
Robert Troup, Esq., a Lieutenant in Col. Lasher's battalion of
prisoner by a British scouting party,
about three o'clock, A. M., Aug. 27,
west of Jamaica.
After a week's confinement at Flatbush, he with seventy or eighty officers,
was put on board
a small vessel or transport, lying between
Gravesend and the Hook, which had been employed in bringing cattle
After Troup's release, he
treatment he had received "
at the close of
That while he was confined on board
made oath he adds
the said transport, Brigadier
General Woodhull was also brought on board, in a shocking mangled condition ture,
that deponent asked the General the particulars of his cap-
told by the said General that he
of light-horse, under the
he was asked by the said Captain
had been taken by a party
of Captain Oliver if
he would surrender
that he an-
in the affirmative, provided, he would treat him like a gentleman, which Captain De Lancey assured him he would whereupon the General delivered his sword, and that immediately after the said Oliver De Lancey, junior, struck him, and others of the said party imitating his example, did cruelly cut and hack him in the manner he then was; that, although he was in such a mangled and horrible situation, he had,
nevertheless, been obliged to sleep on the bare floor of the said trans-
port, if a lieutenant of the
not lent him a mattress
man-of-war who guarded the transport had Woodhull was afterwards car-
ried to the hospital in the church of
Utrecht, where he perished, as
deponent was on good authority informed, through want of care, and other necessaries
deponent saith not.
the 17th of January, 1777, before
heard of Woodhull 's perishing through want of care
and other necessaries, ter
confirmed by the following extract of a
from Dr. Silas Holmes, of Norwich, a prisoner and assistant
surgeon in the British Hospital,
himself attended Woodhull.
" The wounded prisoners taken at the battle of Brooklyn were put in the churches of Flatbush
Utrecht, but being neglected and
unattended, were wallowing in their fected
and breathed an
after the battle, Dr.
was appointed to superintend the sick. He was humane, and dressed the wounded daily, got a sack-bed, sheet and blanket for each prisoner, and
distributed the patients into
pay Dr. Bailey
husband, he replied, he had done no more than his duty, and
was any thing
Samaritan in the for nine
was to me." Woodhull had not
care and attention to her if there
fallen into the
of his illness
His wounds, neglected
days in the hot months of August and September, had assumed
such a malignant form, that not even the medical could avail to save his valuable
of Dr. Bailey
N. Y. Convention in behalf of Gen. Woodhidl, Sep. 18, '76.
inquiries, hath at
length received certain intelligence that the Hon. Nath'l Woodhull, Brig. Gen. of the militia, and President of the Convention of this State, is at
present in the hands of the enemy, and that he
whilst actually employed in executing the Resolutions of this House.
they are loudly called upon not only by the sacred
voice of honor and public
duty, but likewise by the sympathizing
principles of personal affection and respect, to exert themselves in
restoring so valuable a person to that liberty lost in
which he has hmiself
endeavoring to secure to others that inestimable blessing
Therefore, Resolved, that a State be immediately
of the prisoners at the disposal of this
and that John Sloss Hobart, Esq. wait on his Excellency with the earnest request of this Convention, that he will be pleased to give his assistance
and advice in negotiating his exchange."
Hobart thus writes from
Fairfield, Oct. 7, '76
wrote to Convention
giving an account of the progress I had
change of Gen. Woodhull, since which intelligence of his death.
arm was taken
but the mortification
in negotiating the ex-
have received the melancholy
in his still
continued, and in a few
days put an end to that useful life. He was attended in his dying moments by his lady, who was permitted to remove the corpse to his seat, where it was interred about the 23d ult. These particulars I have from Capt. Benajah Strang, of Islip, by whose door the procession passed on its
to St. George's.
Woodhull's death (Thompson,
published in the N. Y. Nat. Advocate, Feb. 28, 1821, and thence copied into the L. license)
by some person of
called at Carpenter's Inn,
A tragedy has 1849. in
was probably written (with
in his rides
and heard the story from the Landlady.
been written on the same subject, by Mr. Lester,
Woodhull may be found in Thompson, and See Queens Co., Sec. Ill, 112. Ed.]
Knapp's Biography. [The
original Journal of Col.
Woodhull, 3d, N. Y. Reg., kept during
the expedition of Gen. Amherst, against Montreal, in 1760,
possession of his descendants at Mastic.
SUBMISSION OF SUFFOLK COUNTY. 600. [The consternation of the inhabitants of Suffolk, at
hearing the news of the disastrous battle of Brooklyn and the
subsequent abandonment of the Island better understood from the following scription
documents than any de-
Hobart and Townsend who had been sent by the Convention advise with Woodhull, write as follows, from Hunting-
our unspeakable mortification
when we arrived
Co., that the militia had dispersed, and Gen.
fallen into the
hands of the enemy.
We then proceeded with all
where we could have any enemy were in full possession of the western parts of Queens Co., as far as Jamaica, and We have orderthe Disaffected from the east were gone in to them. ed the militia of Suffolk to rendezvous here, and written to Col. Muldispatch to this town, as the only place
prospect of making an effectual stand, as the
fordof E. Hampton, to come up and take command, and have borrow-
ed ÂŁ320 from the Treasurer of Q. Co.
being able to cross at Sand's Point, has returned. of this town, are
Our express not
no. of militia
arms, but they complain their officers
have exerted ourselves to recover the people
from the consternation into which they were thrown by the precipitate retreat of Woodhull's party.
party of Kings Co. horse have
crossed the sound from this place, leaving their horses to follow in the next boat.
[they did not return.
stopped the horses and
with Gen. Woodhull are
men back who were companies. As
sent for the
purpose after the party
form the rest into
SUFFOLK COUNTY. to field officers
Col. Potter is gone is
be at a
loss, as Col.
with us and begins to be in
Reg. of Suffolk Co., Aug. 30, Smithtown, by Eben'r Dayton, Q. M,
and men of part of Brookhaven and
Maj. Jeffery Smith sent orders to Adjutant Philip Roe,
4 companies in Brookhaven to march immediately to
Piatt Carlls' in Huntington.
2d Major Brush Cor. 291.
Narrative of the proceedings of the
to order the
Major Smith resigned
and there appeared a high
the middle of next day
arrived to Epenetus Smith's, Smithtown, and the other, Capt. Nich.
Roe's, was coming up. was gone to Huntington
desired the companies to wait
reported at Smith's that the Major
to see Messrs. till
Hobart and Townsend, and
which was not
were uneasy and eager to march
Hempstead the woods E. of to
make a stand in At dusk the Major returned and called the officers into a room, and told them he thought " it dangerous to march farther West, as their forces would not be sufficient to oppose the enemy, and he very much gave up the Island they must fall in the enemy's hands, it would not be good policy to incense a cruel enemy by being taken in arms if they remained quietly at home, they would fare Col. Potter was better, and that he should resign his commission gone off and left him alone, and Maj. Brush had judged it unsafe to Plains, to bring off the stock and
Capt. Thompson said company to return home immediately."
proceed against the enemy, unless reinforced.
he would give orders,
he would give no orders as he designed to decline his
commission (but advised them to wait from Hobart and Townsend) their
they could have orders
milita repaired to
Sam'l Buell writes from Sag Harbor, Aug. 30,
he has just
West end of the Island, that the ministerial army are on this side our army. The enemy have 200 horse whose riders were to dine, Aug. 28, at Hempstead. The Hessians fight terribly. I am with Col. Livingston. Will you throw over a numreceived direct intelligence from the
ber of Troops
Trumbull, V. 444.
H. B. Livingston writes from Sag Harbor, Aug. 30,
of a detachment of 200 troops by order of Washington,
over forces in the night, that they
not be seen by
the British ships in the Sound."
Robt. Hempstead, Ch'n of a Committee meeting, at
have received several expresses from the middle of the Island, that the enemy's scouting party of about 300 horse and 400 foot with a no. of tory recruits, are about penetrating into Suf'76, writes that they
folk Co., as they have already marched as far as the West part of Hempstead Plains, where they took Gen. Woodhull prisoner. " Will you aid us with men and ammunition, as our men are chiefly drawn off
to raise over
men in the whole Co.
If you send
provisions also, except fresh."
Maltby Gelston, Ch'n of the Committee of S. andE. Hampton, met Hampton, Aug. 31, '76, writes to the same effect.
Sag Harbor, Aug. 31, that Gen Woodhull is fallen hands of the King's troops. Two days ago they drove 1500
Buell writes from
from Hempstead Plains to their army.
to enter Suffolk with
300 horse and a company
each are stationed here with one-third of our militia,
march immediately up the Island. They are fortifying 15 miles hence, where the Island is but 15 rods wide, where 200
are ordered to
can oppose 2,000.
H. B. Livingston,
Camp, River Head, Sep.
1, '76, writes that
Plobart has brought a letter from Huntington.
H. B. Livingston, Saybrook Harbor, Sep. he marched
4, '76, writes that
River Head, within about 50 miles of the British Light
Horse, with his detachment of 200 men, and the Suffolk militia, but
the militia heard the Island
fled to their
up, they proposed to sub-
retreated to Cont., having disarmed
70 of the inhabitants and brought off 4 cannon with baggage and some provisions.
Inhabitants of Suffolk County.
601. His Excellency Gen.
enjoin and order
upon your said
officer for the eastern part of this Island, I
persons whatsoever in your County of Suffolk,
use your utmost
efforts to preserve the
Committee-men and others acting under the
authority of the Rebels, immediately do cease and remain at their re-
SUFFOLK COUNTY. spective homes, that every
arms lay them down forthwith and
surrender themselves on pain of being treated as rebels
by furnishing them with whatever lays in their power.
they bring in their cattle (except milch cows and calves) for
persons to be aiding and assisting His Majesty's Forces
and their wagons and horses for transporting their bag-
shall be fully paid,
His Majesty having
sent his army, not for the oppression, but for the protection of the inhabitants
also signify that unless they
respects, and an immediate compliance with these
orders respecting the cattle and wagons, I shall be under the neces-
of marching the forces under
without delay into
the county, and lay waste the property of the disobedient, as persons
unworthy His Majesty's clemency.
WILL. ERSKINE, Head-Quarters
Queens County, Aug.
ordered by His Ex. the Hon.
his Majesty's forces in
N. A., from Nova
Scotia to the Floridas, on the application of the County of Suffolk, by
Nath'l Woodhull and Sam'l Philips,
who have signified to him that the down their arms and again
inhabitants of said Co. are desirous to lay
and obedient subjects
security of the inhabitants, he
that for the peace
and ease and
willing to accept of their submission
and promise them protection, on the King's Colonels, or other of Militia, respectively, causing the their
and rejecting the orders of Congress and Committees,
of Gov't., and in
through the county to lay
arms, take the oath of allegiance, and sign the said
obedience to them, and to obey the legal authority
places of worship in future to pray for the
and royal family, as was used before the present unprovoked
OLIVER DELANCEY, Major Gen'l of
the Militia in the Southern
District of the Colony of
are hereby directed to give orders to
Capts., or next
folk Co., to call their several
officers of Militia, in the 3d Bat. of
at the usual places,
immediately, and to order those that have taken up arms against the
King, to lay them down and take the oath of allegiance to the King,
and sign a
of submission, disclaiming and rejecting the orders
of Congress or Committees, and to obey the legal authority of Gov-
by order of Gen. Howe. O.
have inclosed a true copy of the writing sent
Sep. 2, '76.
President of the Trustees of Huntington
writes to Col. Livingston to disperse his
or the Regulars will be
the people are in a doleful situation, have received the Procla-
mation and sent in
Smithtown did the
Hedges to the
Sagg and of
administered the oath of allegianoe to the peo-
and South Hampton.
ple of East
on Montauk were driven in
Harrison says, Sep.
Bay and Hempstead, and proceeded as
before Sep. 7, '76.
Ministerial Troops have been to O.
disaffected have joined to assist the
stock or persons going off the Island.
mission and some recruits. allegiance,
Southold met by order of Col. Phineas Fanning to take
surrounded the house of Col.
Col. Mulford at East
and Thos. Smith, of
has set guards to prevent
Ketcham has got a com-
Hog I., receives men were going
administers oaths of submissions.
moving westward from Con't to bring off gunpowder and flour which one Ireland had sold to the British Col. Jos. Smith was in Con't. Jour. 612. Wm. Warne, who left Nassau Island, Sep. 5, says Suffolk Co. had given up, and Gen. Howe sent word if they would testify their loyalty, they must send him 200 wagons, and they sent 300 to remove baggage from N. Utrecht to Hellgate. Jour. 619. Before Oct. 7, '76, 200 infantry and 100 cavalry were at Huntington Livingston
to force the people to join the British
Oba. Jones Sep. 13, '76. tion,
Zeb. Howell, an Express, brings Delancey's Proclama-
dated Sep. 11, from Jamaica to South Hampton, and says, " British
Jamaica, and 2
be sent to Jamaica to
SUFFOLK COUNTY. Gen.
a true account of Suffolk Co."
窶年athan "Woodhull, of
and E. and S. Sagg Meeting-House, to appoint
the west part of Suffolk,
meet, Sep. 14,
Jamaica, Queens Co., Sep.
His Ex. the Hon.
Howe, Gen. and commander-in-chief
His Majesty's forces within the Colonies lying on the Atlantic Ocean,
from Nova Scotia
to re-establish order
gov't, within the
concealed rebels from
and other listing
a Brigade of Provincials solely for the defence of this Island, to apprehend, or drive
do hereby, for the encouragement of en-
Majesty's well-affected subjects,
in the county of Suffolk, give notice, that
upon any persons
of good recommended characters, raising a company of 70 men, they
one Capt., one Lt., and one Ensign, and
and subsisted as the
shall be paid
soldiers are in the British
hoped the inhabitants of the county
for the service, as it will
will cheerfully raise
prevent the disagreeable busi-
ness of detaching them, which I shall be under the necessity of doing, if
the companies cannot be raised without.
my hand, the date above. OLIVER DELANCEY, Brig. Geril.
Jamaica, Sep. 11, '76.
ordered by His Ex. Gen.
to write to
you, and order
the fat cattle and sheep in Suffolk Co. to be immediately driven to
Jamaica, where proper persons will be appointed to ascertain the
weight of them
give certificates of the value of them, that the owners
keeping a distinct account of those
long to the people forced
are in actual rebellion,
refreshment of the King's Troops.
must be speedily obeyed, or the county will otherwise feel the resentment of the King's Troops. Reserving only as many cattle as is necessary for their
my hand, the above date. OLIVER DELANCEY, Brig.
606. 64 men,
are daily coming off to the Continent.
Sam'l Buell, Sep.
supports the request of the Trustees of E.
Trumbull would not carry off
are subjects of His Majesty,
will be exposed to his displeasure."
Sag Harbor crowded with emigrants. Hampton, Sept. 22, '76, that the people are as a torch on fire at both ends, which will be speedily consumed, for the Con't Whigs carry off their stock and produce, and the British punish them for allowing it to go hopes the Whigs will not oppress the opSep. 15.
Buell writes from E.
pressed, but let the stock alone.
Dan'l Collins' Bill for going from Sag Harbor to E. Hampton, and taking from Col. Gardiner's house 130 firearms and 3 silver-hilted swords, and from Col. Mulford's, 3 casks powder and 2 boxes lead,
at another time, 3
Hampton, was £14.
Convention paid £44.
Dec. 24, '76.
casks powder from
Gelston, Esq., of S.
16. 5. to
John Field and £630.
to others, for freight of vessels to Con't.
per day for hire of his sloop, Sep. 6 to 30, in
transporting stock and inhabitants from L.
Dr. Jona. Havens, Steph. Howell, and others, brought off goods from L.
Convention paid £64. 10. lies
to Con't, of fami-
Dan'l Haines, Dan'l Hedges, Mat. Osborn, Jas. Jen-
nings, Elisha Mulford, Linus Dibble, Isa. Franks, and Jona. Tuttle.
Before Sep. 27, Capt. Rodgers carried off from Huntington Sam'l
Skidmore and Isaac Ketcham, who were both put
in Fairfield jail.
former had possessed himself of the farm of Dr. Z. Piatt's brother
N. Y. Convention.
Jour. 649, 636.
Thos. Dering, John Foster, and Thos. Wickham, appointed by
N. Y. a Committee to report on the claims for transporting and effects from L. I. to Con't. Dec. 31, '76.
Capt. Hale, an American spy
was detected near Huntington
and executed in N. Y., but as the accounts are conflicting, we insert all
we have met
the original notices of his melancholy fate leave the reader to draw his
Extract of a Letter to the Missouri Republican from Stephen
Hempstead, Sen., aged 69, copied I
into the L.
Star, of April 2, 1827.
Company in Col. Webb's Reg.
in his confidence.
After the retreat of our army
SUFFOLK COUNTY. from L.
go over to L.
camp, &c, expecting them
he was sent
from a recent
from N. Y.
In that harbor there :
sloop and one or two
was an armed all
any place he should designate. I.,
arrived at Norwalk, 50 miles
Capt. Hale had a general order to
the sloop at Huntington, L.
the intention of crossing over the
but none offered until
must go with him as
as I could with safety and wait for his return.
camp on Harlem Heights, with
N. Y., but that he was too unwell that upon a second illness
to go, not having recovered
to discover the disposition of the
vessels to take
set across the
by Capt. Pond, who commanded the ves-
Capt. Hale had changed his uniform for a plain suit of citizen's
brown of a
with a round broad-brimmed hat
Dutch Schoolmaster, leaving
and private papers with me, and
assuming the character
also his silver shoe buckles, say-
ing they would not comport with his character of Schoolmaster, and retaining nothing but his college diploma, as an introduction to his as-
sumed calling. Thus equipped we parted for the last time in life. He went on his mission and I returned back again to Norwalk, with orders to stop there until
he should return, or
return back again to cross the
hear from him, as he expected
he succeeded in his object. got
whither he also passed, and had nearly executed his mission, and was passing the
British piquet guard
between the Lines of the two armies,
within a mile and a half of his own quarters, when he was stopped at a Here there was no suspicion of tavern at a place called the " Cedars. " his character being other than he pretended, until
most unfortunately he
crowd by a fellow countryman and an own relation, but a tory and renegade, ) who had received the hospitality of his
board and the attention of a brother from Capt. Hale, at his quarters at
Cambridge the winter
and most inhumanly and infamously betrayed him, divulging his true charand having him searched, his diploma acter, situation in the army &c. ;
when without any formality of trial hung him instantaneously, and sent a flag over to our army, stating that " they had caught such a man within their lines this morning, and hung him as a spy." Thus suddenly and unfeelingly
corroborated his relative's statement, or delay, they
did they rush this
young and worthy man
hour's preparation nor the
into eternity, not allowing
privilege of writing to his friends,
nor even to receive the
last consolations of his religion, refusing to let
the chaplain pray with him, as
Capt. Hale, of the time
these circumstances I
and do most
After parting with
was authentically imformed at them. " He died on the inglo-
The above account by Mr. Hempstead is valuable so far as he own knowledge and yet I cannot help thinking he is in error when he says Hale carried his diploma with him. Do soldiers carry their diplomas about with them in w ar ? Besides, it [
speaks from his
than a Yankee schoolmaster
to be a
could not speak or understand
Dutch, and yet was going among the Dutch with a paper in his pocket
to be a
not the report of his attempting to cross from one camp to the other at " the Cedars, " ( if there ever was such a place, ) be a mere supposition, and have for
grown out of
to take a short cut, rather
One account makes
Hale in Coventry
the idea that
than a circuitous one by his betrayer
the other, at Winter Hill.
not the plans and sketches rather than the diploma that betrayed
Newburyport, Feb. 13,
a genuine specimen of Tory benevolence, and depended upon as a real matter offact.
as his uncle
where he was hospitably entertained but Whig, and had a son, a young gentleman of a libe;
and most amiable
strongly felt for his
bleeding country, and being very active in the military way,
urged and prevailed on
Portsmouth, N. H., after his elopement thence,
a commission in the Continental
consequently Samuel was obliged to conduct with caution, and counterfeit as well as he could a Whiggish phiz, w hile he tarried, which was but a short time however, before he made his escape Some time after this, Capt. Hale, at the reto Gen. Ho.ve in N. Y. quest of the General, went into N. Y. in disguise, and having nearly accomplished his designs, whom should he meet but his aforesaid ;
cousin Samuel, well.
he attempted to shun, but
Capt. Hale soon found he
Sam knew him
advertised, and so particularly
described, that he could not get through L.
he therefore attempted
SUFFOLK COUNTY. to escape
by way of Kingsbridge, and so
outer guard, where he tried,
51 succeeded as to get to the
was suspected, apprehended,
and yet would have been acquitted, had not
carried back and
Samuel appeared and made oath, that he was a Captain in the Continental Army, and that he was in there as a Spy in consequence of which he was immediately hung up however, grateful cousin
gallows he made a sensible and spirited speech,
them they were shedding the blood of the innocent, and he had ten thousand lives, he would lay them all down, if
things, told that if
called to do
in defence of his injured, bleeding country.
Printers throughout the Continent are desired to exhibit
scene to the public, that they
are to expect if they
what mercy they
hands of Tories.
N. H. Gaz., Feb.
think the above contains some gross misstatements.
" In Hale's attempt
was apprehended, carried before Sir Wm. Howe, and the proof of his object was so clear, that he frankly acknowledged who he was and what were his views Sir Wm. Howe at once gave an order to the Provost Marshal to execute him the return he
next morning. feeling
was accordingly executed
manner, and by as great a savage as ever disgraced humanity.
clergyman, whose attendance he desired, was refused him
moment's devotion was not procured, though he requested it. Letwhich, on the morning of his execution, he wrote to his mother and
other friends, were destroyed
by the Provost Marshal,
very extraordinary reason given
that the rebels should not
army who could
die with so
Hannah Adams, as quoted
from the Life of Gen.
Washington spoke with Hull,
by Dr. Thatcher.
Knowlton, and he to Hale. the
measure as dangerous and disgraceful.
Hale was absent.
In a few days a British officer under
a flag informed Hamilton that Hale had been executed that morning as a spy.
he was present at the execution and " Hale had passed through the
at the circumstances.
armies on Long and York Islands, made sketches of fortifications and memoranda. When apprehended he was taken before Howe, and the
concealed papers found.
Howe, without morning, and put him
near the in
marquee while and
to give for
pen and ink, and wrote
were making. Hale enletters
which were subsequently destroyed
Shortly after he
Provost Marshal to
I requested the
by Cunningham. were around.
his execution next
the neccessary preparations
Mother and a Brother
in custody of the Provost Marshal.
He was refused. He next asked for a Bible. That On the morning of the Execution my station was
once declared his name, rank and ob-
form of a
words were, "
have but one
home from Camp on N. Y. Island, we hanged an officer of the Provincials who
British officer thus writes
Sep. 23, '76, "yesterday
as a spy.
Jas. Drewett, on board British frigate
25, '76, " ington.
we hung a man who was sent
N. Y. writes, Sep.
as spy by Gen.
An American officer thus writes from Camp at Harlem, Sep. 26, '76, One Hale, in N. Y., on suspicion of being a spy, was taken up and dragged without ceremony to the Execution Post and hung up.
Beekman Mansion, Howe's Head Quarters, near Turtle Bay, and thrÂŤ* miles from the City Hall. The precise spot of his Exe-
cution cannot be pointed out..
Wooden said he remembered the capture of Hale as if it were Wooden was a ship builder at Oyster Bay 2 or 3 miles from yesterday. Sol.
the scene of Hale's capture
and as he
built boats for the British,
constant intercourse with them, he
very crew that captured Hale.
heard the story from the
from Conn, to L.
near Oyster Bay, by an American boat that was to return for him on a set day.
gave out that he was disgusted with the rebel cause,
and had deserted, but did not wish
He journeyed on
mation, he returned by L.
where having obtained
arrived at the shore about Huntington or Oyster Bay.
morning he went out shore.
when he saw
did not see the frigate Halifax, Capt.
which had come ashore
like a school.
all possible infor-
Early in the
a boat rowing to the
SUFFOLK COUNTY. frigate
was hid by
this for a friendly
the fog or an intervening point of land.
boat walked deliberately
the boat struck the shore he discovered his mistake and retraced his
ordered to stop
looking over his shoulder he saw
the whole crew standing up with their guns levelled at him.
he was ordered on board and his papers showed what
taken to N. Y.
boat of the Halifax, and execu-
ted on an apple tree in Col. Rutgers' orchard. [
See also Queens Co., Sec. 368,
an account of his execu-
Robert Townsend of Oyster Bay, who died some years ago aged 85, used to say he had heard Capt. Quarme, of a British armed vessel which
lying in the
Sound near Huntington
say that a boat's crew belonging
at the time of Hale's capture,
to his vessel
being ashore on L.
Huntington Harbor, was mistaken by Hale
tle east of
Sound, and thus he committed himself before he
the other side of the
of his mistake into the
when he found what
a fine fellow he was, he was sorry he had fallen
into his power.
Quarme's boats took a
aged 87, says "he heard that one of Capt.
by the name of Hale somewhere near Hunt-
ington Harbor, and then the
taken to N. Y., and that was
he ever heard of him."
death of Hale has been the subject of a Novel, by
Saybrook, Sep. 12, '76.
the head of 400 I
have been ob-
have given Gen. Washington a
by the same conveyance
succeed in the attempt
to this place for several reasons, that I
time to mention.
have just time to
liged to retreat from L.
be found in Thompson.
this is sent by.
set out for
going to make,
yet save Suffolk
Co., though most of the inhabitants have been prevailed
upon to take King of Great Britain, through a persuasion that the Island was given up as indefensible. Gov. Trumbull has assisted me with 260 men. an oath of allegiance
Robt. R. Livingston, Jr. 609.
of South and East
(to avoid the imputation of
a letter to
being concerned with the Conn.
whale-boats) that some arms taken from the people of East
by order of Col. Gardiner
by the subjects of the
King's name, had been retaken bearer,
was caught by Cor. 401.
Before Sep. 17, '76.
610. Sai/brook, Sep. 24, '76. Last Friday a party from Lt. Col.
was put under command
Roe, to go from Saybrook off Roe's family,
of Capt. Dan'l
for the purpose of bringing
Friday night 12 o'clock,
Brook H., taking 14 men with him
the family, leaving 14 under Lt. Geo. Smith
pressed teams as he went to
the goods, not being able to procure
At 9 A. M.,just
and a no. of others.
the Capt. left the sloop at sist in
them by other he was inform-
ed by one of the guards that Richard Miller of B. Haven, a young
gentleman of family and fortune, but a notorious enemy to
(who had arms concealed which R. ordered on him.
to hail him,
He was hailed 3
was passing and
he refused to
upon which he stopped, and 5 men kill him if
with their pieces presented told him they would instantly
stood and viewed
them half a minute,
then discharged a pistol at them, and rode off with the utmost expedition,
on which he was several times ordered to
guns were separately
but he refu-
him, from the last of which
a ball was shot through his body, upon which he dismounted and
carried into Capt. Roe's house, and left in care of a no. of the
Capt. R. being informed that one Jacob Smith,
in conjunction with Miller,
and not far distant when he was taken,
had collected a party of several, and were endeavoring to surround and take him, thought it prudent to retreat on board his vessel, where he had but just time to arrive with his wife and family, being obliged to leave
all his effects
Miller and Smith had received commissions under the
G. Britain, and had been raising men, pressing horses and wagons, together with persons to drive them, to assist Howe in removing his baggage.
likewise taken fat cattle from the inhabitants,
and obliged them to drive them
to the Ministerial
Conn. Courant, Sep. 30,
SUFFOLK COUNTY. 611. This enlist
to certify that
Ensign Sam'l Glover
service, for the defence of the liberty of
complete a Bat. in His Majesty's
hand, at Brookhaven, Sep. 22d, 1776.
JACOB SMITH. iV. Y., Sep. 27, '76.
to desire the
Justices of the
farmers of their Districts to attend at some central place, to
each, what grain and straw he can spareâ€” as to hay we must have the whole, for which you'll give them proper Certificates to me to pay them The whole of the grain and forage of Rebels in arms is to be seized by. All persons removed off are to be deemed Rebels,
and dealt with accordingly.
JOHN MORRISON, Commissary of Forage.
Copy of a blank order left with
the Inhabitants of Suffolk Co.
L. L, Sep. 1776.
are hereby ordered to preserve for the King's use
bushels of wheat,
of Indian corn, and of the same, but to
your wheat and rye straw
and not to dispose
order in writing, as you will answer the con-
trary at your peril.
JOHN MORRISON, Major, and Commissary of Forage. 614. In pursuance
of his Excellency
orders to me, you are hereby directed to take into your custody
and creatures you can find on L. I., being the property of persons in actual rebellion, or who have deserted their habitations, and put themselves under the protection of the rebels, taking an exact forage,
account of what
and report frequently
respecting grain and forage, and to Jas. Christie, respecting creatures.
In execution of this duty you are to employ such persons as you think proper, boats,
will apply to
you may require civil
His Majesty's Justices of the Peace
drivers, mills, barns
for the benefit of
His Majesty's service
and military, are hereby required
and what other conveniences
be a sufficient warrant.
Oct. 1, 1776.
SUBMISSION OF Jamaica, Oct.
To John Hewlett, Esq L. I. You are to use your utmost endeavors to for the army when delivered a receipt will
be given, to be paid at a
any butcher or others
with you un-
der pretence of bringing them to me, without a written order from me, seize their cattle, put a fair value
the owners shall be paid
on them, and drive them
also seize all sheep
and employ proper people
to assist you.
doing whereof, this shall be your warrant.
JAS. CHRISTIE, Com. for
615. Lt. Col. H. B. Livingston sends the N. Y. Convention from
Saybrook, Oct. 16,
'76, the paroles of Col.
and Geo. Howel, of L. F., a
driving cattle to virtue of an
disaffected to the
Fanning, Major Conklin,
was apprehended for procuring and Gen. Howe's Army. He has also acted as Col. (by of influence,
commission from Geo. 3d)
in calling the people of
Southold together to see whether they would take the oath of
Brookhaven, Oct. 18, '76. 616. Sir
—In consequence of
instructions I have just received
from head-quarters, you are forthwith for his Majesty's service.
not stint the cause.
teams will answer
you can't get a
impress wagons and horses unlimited
for every team,
number of wagons,
you'll send with-
White Stone, near Flushing. I beg, Sir, you'll yourself on this occasion. Don't omit one moment, as it seems
out loss of time to exert
to be critical.
Capt. 1st Comp., 1st Bat.,
To Sam'l Glover. 617.
taken at Mastic, on broke
Sam'l Glover, a notorious offender, was
found papers 611 and 616.
N. London on the night of Feb.
offered.— Con. Gaz., Feb. 14, '77.
618. Jos. Greene, Major 1st Bat., writes from Hempstead, Oct. 22, '76, to Capt. Smith, quartered at Setauket, to collect and drive in
rebel horses in Suffolk Co.
brought 2 prisoners to Greene.
Smith's Lieutenant, French, had
the Right Honorable RICHARD, LORD VISCOUNT HOWE, of the Kingdom of Ireland, and his Excellency WILLIAM HOWE, Esquire, General
of His Majesty''s forces in America, the King's Commissioners for restoring peace to His Majesty's Colo-
Excellencies, by your Declaration bearing date July 14,
1776, were pleased to signify that "the King is desirous to deliver His American subjects from the calamities of war, and other oppressions which they
His protection and peace
to restore the Colonies to
and, by a subsequent Declaration dated
Sep. 19, 1776, having also been pleased to express your desire "to confer with His Majesty's well affected subjects upon the means of restoring the public tranquillity, and establishing a permanent union
with every Colony as a part of the British Empire
whose names are hereunto subscribed, inhabitants of the county of Suffolk, on Nassau Island, in the Province of N. Y., reflecting with the tenderest emotions of gratitude on this instance of His Majesty's
manner in which His Majesty's gracious purpose hath been conveyed to us by your Excellencies, who have thereby evinced, that humanity is inseparable from that true magnanimity and those enlarged sentiments which form the most shining characters, beg leave to represent to paternal goodness, and encouraged by the affectionate
That we bear true allegiance the Third, as well as dignity
That we esteem the
tain over these Colonies and other
dominions, as essential to the
to our rightful
affection to his sacred person,
supremacy of Great
depending parts of His Majesty's
union, security, and welfare of the
and sincerely lament the interruption of that harmony
which formerly subsisted between the parent
and these her
That many of the the calamities of
loyal inhabitants have been driven
the spirit of persecution
vailed, or sent prisoners to
England and other distant parts. sufferings which our fellow-
therefore, hoping that the
inhabitants undergo for their attachment to the Royal cause,
plead in their behalf,
pray, that your Excellencies
county to His Majesty's protection and
Signed by 614 persons.
To His Excellency Win. Tryon, Esq., Capt. Gen. and Governor -in-Chief in and over the Province of Neiv-
York, and the Territories depending thereon in rica, Chancellor
and Vice Admiral of the same.
please your Excellency
We the inhabitants of the coun-
ty of Suffolk, beg leave to congratulate your Excellency on your
return to the capital of your government, and to assure you, that sincerest joy on this
happy event, which opens a prospect
once more experience the blessings of peace and se-
curity under His Majesty's auspicious government and protection
formerly enjoyed under your Excellency's mild
which we ardently wish to have renewed: perour loyalty and unshaken attachment to our gracious
time of distress and
our affection for Him, petition the
have embraced the
and anxious to
earliest opportunity to
King's Commissioners that they would restore this Coun-
ty to His Majesty's peace, although
of the most respectable
number of the
been driven off by the calamities of war, or sent prisoners to
inhabitants and a
England or other ing,
distant parts, yet
we hope the number still remainmay be deemed sufficient
to entitle this district to
His Majesty's grace, whilst the sufferings
which our absent fellow-citizens undergo in their behalf with the Commissioners,
for the royal cause, plead
humanity, benevolence and enlarged sentiments,
Nov. 28, 1776.
whose well known we have the most
in behalf of the inhabitants
THOMAS FANNING, FRED'K HUDSON. Neiu-York, Dec.
to the request in the address delivered
you, in behalf of the inhabitants of Suffolk Co., I have pre-
sented their very dutiful and loyal petition and representation to His
one of the King's Commissioners for re-
storing peace to His Majesty's Colonies,
pleased to say
take the earliest opportunity of communicating with
Every public testimony of
on the occasion."
our most Gracious Sovereign, and attachment to the British Con-
stitution, is at this
season particularly commendable, and the inhab-
of Suffolk Co.
be assured of
completion of their desires, as expressed in their petition and representation, the granting of
happily committed to the
and discretion of His Majesty's Commissioners. I
am, with regard, Gentlemen.
WM. TRYON. To Major Richard Floyd, Mr. Tho's Fanning, Mr. Frederick Hudson, of Suffolk Co.
copy of what ivas sent through Suffolk Co. by order of
Gov. Try on. 620.
of the Province
to the inhabi-
tants of Suffolk Co., the following measures, as the best
who have been
active in the rebellion, to preserve their lives
estates, viz. that all offensive
arms, indiscriminately, be forth-
with collected, in each manor, township and precinct, as soon as possible, to deliver
at head-quarters, to the
chief of the King's troops.
That those who have been
active in the rebellion, if
arms, forthwith to wait on the Gen'l, and enlist in the regular service for the term of the present
one of their sons
signal service, that
inhabitants of each
to enlist in their stead
to bear arms, to send
no sons, then
to associate, to prevent
ing to the Main, and secure those coming thence deliver
merit the protection of Gov't.
any person go-
and to secure and
be active enemies to the rights of
the several townships to furnish as
SUBMISSION OF to bear arms, to invite those
to enlist in
who have fled from the county, And lastly, thei nhabitants to
Gen. Delancey's brigade.
the wood, forage, and provisions they can spare, to N.
market or such place as the Gen'l
[Can the above (taken from a
paper) be genuine
â€”Ed.] The County Committees and Committees folk Co.,
meet respectively as soon as
permission, for the purpose of revoking
Townships of Sufby the Governor's
the Congress, and formally to dissolve their unlawful associations
the County having
submitted to the King, his laws and Gov't.
WM. TRYON. Note.
accomplished, the Gov'r will review
N. Y. Gaz., Nov.
Committees of Suffolk and from to
following declarations from the
His Ex. Gov. Tryon on Thursday
Corn's were delivered by Major Richard Floyd
and Mr. Tho's Fanning, who were deputed by the inhabitants
sent the same.
Huntington, Oct. 21,
The Committee injurious
and inimical tendency of our former meetings and
to manifest our hearty disapprobation of all
measures, do hereby dissolve this committee, and as far as in us
voke and disannul
of Huntington, being thoroughly convinced of the
former orders and resolutions of all committees and
Congresses whatsoever, as being undutiful to our lawful Sovereign, re-
to the principles of the British Constitution,
extreme, to the happiness and prosperity of this country.
Brookhaven, Oct. 24, 1776.
Committee of the County of Suffolk, being assembled by permission of His Ex. the Hon. Wm. Tryon, Esq., Gov. of N. Y., and the Territories depending thereon in America, do hereby dissolve ourselves, and do disclaim and reject the orders of Congress and Corn's ; and totally refusing obedience to them revoking all our proceedings the
under the Congress, and being desirous to obey the legal authority of Gov't, rely upon your Excellency's clemency, hoping that you will pass
by our former conduct, and be graciously pleased bly to the laws of the Province.
to protect us, agreea-
Signed by order of the Committee.
SUFFOLK COUNTY. Declarations of Smithtown
South Hampton and of East Hampton (Oct. 21), were in
61 (Oct. like
Nov. 28, '76. The Dissolution of the Committee of Suffolk Co, and the Committees of the several townships, with the revocation of
proceedings and orders under the Congress, was particular recommendation.
ARMED OCCUPATION OF SUFFOLK COUNTY.
621. Oct. 28, '76.
Gov. Trumbull directs 6 R.
Smith, Caleb Brewster, and D.
Bay, to Canoe Place
as far as Mastic,
(best acquainted with the situa-
and make the best of their
tion of places), to take three transports
Cols. Livingston and
thence across into South
and bring off the
effects of Col.
others of our friends, and return as soon as possible.
Mary and Lily), Howe, and Brookhaven Harbor. They also surprised
Instead of this they, captured 2 sloops (Princess
order of Capt. Smith, for Gen.
lying at the dock, head of
Capt. Smith and part of his company, but declined marching to
of Delancey's Brigade
N. Haven, Nov. 6, '76. A few nights since, between 300 and 400 Rhode Island crossed the Sound and landed near Setauket, where they engaged a party of the troops newly enlisted into Gen.
Howe's army, commanded by one Smith 5 or 6 of his men were killed in the action, and himself and 23 of his company made prisoners, who ;
with 75 excellent muskets.
ley herd, half being negroes
prisoners are a mot-
and one wounded. N. London, Nov. 8, '76. A number of troops from R. I., E. End of L. I. and Con't, embarked at New Haven and landed at Setauket, on L. I., with a view of bringing off some tories, and the effects of a gentleman friendly to the American cause being interrupted by some tories, who fired upon them, they killed 10, and brought off 23 two of the
from our army.
in our party
Benj. Birdsall, Thos. Brush, and Carll 622. Nov. 9, '76. Ketcham, rec'd from Convention £10. 1. 6. for guarding and conveying, from Norwich to Fishkill, 2 prisoners, (brought from L. I.)
Thos. Wicks and Eliph. Brush received of
623. Nov. 23, '76.
Nov. 15. letters
conveying counterfeiters to N.
[Wicks had removed
(See 542.) 3, '77.
at the east
end of L.
rob them of their effects.
There are two companies of Tories stationed
ton, but not a
'Tis said the inhabitants have
Several transports belonging to
are loading with
under guard of some men-of-war. suffered
to Saybrook, before
for riding express to
about 10 or a doz. regular
are billeted on the inhabitants,
them without pay, and have plundered, stole, and destroyed to such a decree, that the inhabitants must unavoidably starve in a little time, for want of food. Sundry of the principal men have been beaten in an unheard of manner for not complying with their unrighteous requests, particularly good Dr. Piatt and Mr. John Brush. The Meeting-House made a storehouse of, no public worship allowed of, and the good people assembled 5 miles out of town, at (British) followed them, and broke
British troops at
Huntington took possession of the it
as a depot for military stores.
carried on board a British ship, but restored afterwards, so in-
their assembling together
Gaine, Feb. 17, '77.
church, tore up the seats and used bell
N. London, March
Last Sunday the British Fleet
took from John Brown, on Fisher's Island, 106 sheep, 8 oxen, 11
cows, 22 yearlings, 26 swine, 24 turkies, 48 fowls, 123 bushels corn,
5i tons pressed hay. and 3 cords wood.
barrel of pork out of the cellar, blankets, sheets, and shot
Stock chiefly paid Bav.
There are 20 ships
anchor in Gardiner's
ARMED OCCUPATION OF
robbed him of
the clothing of his family and
before last, a party of rebels
house of Solomon Smith, of Smithtown, and
their return, the boat overset,
party perished, as the boat and
supposed the whole
some dead bodies were found on the Gaine, Ap.
shore near Mr. Smith's within a day or two afterwards. 7, '77.
628. E. Dayton, under Capt. John Clark, by order of Putnam, seized (Ap. '77), a
wagon and goods on
the property of Oba.
Wright, of Saybrook. 629. Levi Allen (brother of Ethan) posted at Mrs. Hubbard's,
counterfeit bills (as a warning to the public)
gave one to Rufus Tuthill, at Oyster Pond, and one to John Brown,
on Fisher's Island 630.
of the Council of Safety,
power of the enemy. Parsons
from acting, as he has a family and estate on L. Jour. 911.
Trumbull, N. Haven, May, 25,
631. I sincerely congratulate your honor on the success of our
arms on L.
Sachem's Head on Friday
M., with 160 men, and landed within 3 miles of Sag H. the night following
at 1 P.
and having made the proper dispositions for
enemy in 5
order and silence
proceeded with the greatest
within 20 rods of the enemy,
with fixed bayonets upon the different barracks, guards, and quarters of the at the
enemy whilst Capt. Troop, with a party under his command, same time took possession of the wharves and vessels lying :
The alarm soon became
general, and an incessant fire of
grape and round shot was kept up from an armed schooner of 12 guns, which lay within 120 yds. of the wharves, for near an hour notwithstanding which the party burnt killed
the vessels at the wharf,
belonging to them, destroyed about
100 tons of hay, large quantities of grain, 10 hhds. of rum, and other
India goods, and secured
wounded on our
with the greatest order and bravery.
Chew and Mr. Bell not The officers and men behaved N. London, May 30, '77.
90 prisoners, among them Mr.
Gen. Parsons having received intelligence that the enemy were col-
Sag Harbor, on L. I.; last Friday, 23d, who had previously rendezvous'd at embarked on board a number of whale-
lecting large quantities of forage at
about 200 of the Continental troops,
Sachem's Head, boats,
Lt. Col. Meigs, to destroy
afternoon, they arrived at the beach (Southold), this side of Plumgut,
transported their boats about 50 rods over the beach,
embarked, and landed within 4 miles of Sag Harbor, where, ing a suitable guard
to protect the
with such secrecy as not
stationed there, were entirely off their guard, our troops
on them, but happily did no damage.
with their small arms, but whether with
schooner of 12 guns, which lay not far from the
shore, kept an incessant
people returned the
within a few rods of the
about destroying the forage, &c.
boats hid in the woods,) they
when they again
enemy on shore were destroyed, and three others were made prisoners. Our people set fire to the hay (about 100 tons), which was on board transports, and on the wharves, which was entirely destroyed, with 10 transport vessels, mostly sloops and schooners, and one armed vessel of 6 or 8 guns, 2 or 3 hogsheads of rum, &c. Our troops are all returned, having pernot or
5 or six of the
24 hours. [The enemy's troops on this part marched to New York two days before, but it was party was at Sag Harbor.] Sparks, IV. 441.
their expedition in
of the Island had
Capt., 2 Commissaries, (one, Jos.
Chew, formerly of N. LonSeamen
don), 3 Sergeants, 53 Privates, 10 Masters of transports, 27
Our people brought
the Provost where Hart
off fifty muskets.
[See Prime, 210
Smith and Rev. Mr. Hart, were brought to and lay at death's door. Col. Ethan
down and made
so fervent a prayer by his side,
erwise cheered him up, that he recovered and was admitted on parole in
633. David Hawley, in the Schuyler, took the sloop Peggy, Chas.
Thomas, master, and sloop Ann, Ezekiel Bishop, master. Aug. 634.
from 3 Privateers
"Last Friday, Gen. Parsons landed 500 men
Setauket with several pieces of brass cannon,
and summoned the small Fort there to surrender. Col. Hewlett, desired one
hour to consider of the matter, when he
ARMED OCCUPATION OF
was allowed only 10 minutes. His answer was, he would defend King George the 3d, as long as he had a '
the Fort for his Majesty
were soon obliged
but the rebels
embark, several of them being killed and
wounded, as much blood was seen in their encampment after they went away. We had 1 killed and 2 or 3 wounded. On this occa-
Queens Co. turned out
sion the militia of
Royal cause, but the Rebels went
in order to support the
such precipitation, that
the Militia were ordered to return before they reached Setauket."
Commanders on the above occasion. Aug. 22. Commanding officer of the troops of the
Letters that passed between the two
Brig. Gen. Parsons, the
now investing the enemy's Post at Setauket, human blood, requires the immediate surthe officers and soldiers, and those who are under
United American Army,
to prevent the effusion of
render of the Post
their protection, shall be entitled to their baggage,
humanity which prisoners are in 10 minutes.
whole strength and
fully sensible of
oblige to the effusion of blood
and treated with that
your condition, and as
soon be here,
your refusal should
you must charge
your own ob-
Col. Hewlett's compliments to Gen. Parsons, and requests half
to consult his officers
on the subject of his summons.
Gen. Parsons' compliments to Col. Hewlett, and grants 10 minutes only for consideration
will not be granted.
Col. Hewlett presents his compliments to
determined to defend the Fort while he has a
Gen. Parsons, and
Gen. Parsons' compliments to Col. Hewlett, and should have been
have done himself the pleasure of paying him a longer
but the extreme heat of the weather prevents him.
was one of the
British outposts. Col. Hewlett, with Capts.
and 260 men, was stationed here. As a place of resort in case of attack, he inclosed the Presbyterian Church at the distance of 30 ft. with an earthen mound 6 ft. high and 5 ft. thick laid with
Lister, Hewlett, Allison,
fascines so as to be ball-proof.
the top were set pickets 6
Pickets also projected from the outer side over the ditch.
of earth were
inside the wall for the
SUFFOLK COUNTY. fire their
muskets between the pickets.
Americans landed high
Four swivels were mounted
67 double gate
at the gallery
Misery from sloops, before daylight.
3 or 4 miles N. E. from
on the inhabitants,
to escape into^the
The It is
guard here which gave the alarm and enabled the soldiers, billeted
was on the
Fort and send off expresses
Col. H. was quartered at Col. Floyd's, and jumped out of his bedroom window with clothes in hand, and by a circuitous route barely reached the fort. The Americans advanced from the East, and at 5 A. M., summoned the garrison. Col. H. addressed his men: Soldiers!
as long as there's a lery
on a rock in
was the response. Then I'll stick to you The Americans' then planted their artil
view of the church, 300 or 400 yds.
the attack with 3 pieces.
force into action nor use musketry, but kept
church was perforated with
did not bring their grand
up a brisk cannonade. The
rafter split its
was very active in elevating and firing his piece. Chas. Wilson (who was soon after shot through the head) said, I will kill that red-breeched man, and he was a mark for others but as the assailants carried off the fallen, it is not known what became of him. The fire from the Fort was through the pickets with small arms, but with one
far off. The principal fire was from and we kept them warm," says S. Verity. Chambers Townsend, of Duchess Co., was shot through the body. Three others were killed and 2 or 3 wounded. Thos. Pigeon, Oba. Verity, Wm. Covert, and Tim. Moore, of O. B. were in the action. The at-
Americans being too
the swivels, "
tack lasted 2 or 3 hours,
had they remained 3 hours longer they would have been cut off by reinforcements approaching from all parts. Capt. Dan'l Youngs,
of O. Bay, had reached Smithtown, and the ships of war at Huntington,
were under way.
Six months after this the garrison
The General spirited behavior
and the Fort
desires particularly to express his approbation of the
and good conduct of Col. Hewlett, and the
command, in the defence of the redoubt at Setauwhich Col. Hewlett was attacked by a large body of
ket upon L. L, in the
enemy with cannon, whom he
with disgrace, Aug.
STEPHEN KEMBLE, Dep. Adj. Gen.
ARMED OCCUPATION OF $5 Reward and charges paid by Thos. Place, of Eastwoods., Widow Burk's plantation at Long Swamps.
Stolen or strayed from
Huntington, a bay horse, a feather each side of his neck, &c.
Sep. 22, '77,
636. Gaine, Dec.
a sloop from Hunt-
N. Y. with wood, was taken by 2 whale boats
of rebels, soon after she sailed.
Capt. Kendal in a small schooner
with 2 swivel guns being in sight, gave chase to the whale boats and plied
them so warmly with his little artillery that they relinquished made for the shore with the greatest expedition.
the prize and
In exploring the territories of Zephaniah
637. Dec. 22, '77. Piatt, of
Smithtown, father to Sam'l Broom's partner, there was found
snugly concealed in a barn, 2 whale boats, which were instantly
committed to the flames, and Mr. Piatt in propria persona, secured
in custody of the captors,
drove off the cattle and live stock
from his farm.
Zephaniah Piatt was imprisoned in N. Y., and restored
through the personal application of his daughter Dorothea to Sir Henry Clinton
but having caught the small-pox while confined, he died, Jan.
638. Gen. Parsons and Col.
to destroy timber
formed a plan of descent on
and boards on the E. end, prepared
racks in N. Y., to destroy the shipping lying there for
Newport, to attack a Reg. stationed 8 miles E. of Jamaica, and re-
move or destroy whatever public stores could be found. Col. Meigs was to land at Hempstead harbor and attack the Reg. [at Herricks ?] near Jamaica
land near Huntington, to
Meigs and afford aid to the eastern division under Parsons. Meigs was to cross from Sawpits, but the weather prevented. The other 2 divisions sailed fell in
from Norwalk, Dec.
with the Falcon, grounded and could not land, as the surf ran
With Webb, 4
20 Continentals and 40
N. London, Dec.
Sparks, V. 211.
plan having been formed to bring off or
enemy had at Setauket, some shipping loaded with timber at Southold, on Tuesday night of last week, part of 2 Battalions of troops embarked
destroy a magazine of military stores which the
SUFFOLK COUNTS. from
under convoy of the sloop Schuyler, and Spy and Mifflin
Unfortunately next morning, just before
a British Frigate, in her passage from N. Y. to Newport,
and 2 smaller
the latter run ashore on the
Island, but the former in attempting to get in with the land, run on a spit of
sand (called Old Man's) and was taken with about 60 troops on
among them Cols. Ely, and Sam'l B. Webb, &c. On Thursday, men under Capt. Hart, marched to Southold and were very Hear making prisoners of Capt. Ayscough and upwards of 20 men belonging to the. ship Swan, who were in a house in Southold, but they board,
a party of
getting intelligence of Capt. Hart's approach hasted
and as they were getting on board, were fired upon, when most of them were killed or wounded 7 marines and Beamen were made prisoners. Our troops after tarrying several days on closely pursued,
returned to the Main, without opportunity to effect any thing con-
zine at Setauket
has been removed.
13, '77. Last
Dec. 24, '77.
a party of rebels landed at
Setauket and proceeded to plunder the well-affected inhabitants, and in the afternoon a reinforcement of troops
Dec. 20, we
lately driven ashore
get away, as,
sent to Col. Hewlett in Suf-
Suffolk Co., had not been able to
His Majesty's Ships,
informed that the party of 200 rebels
vigilance of the
the boats have been secured,
and the invaders betaken themselves to the woods. Major Greene marched on Thursday with a reinforcement of 100 men and 200 of the Hempstead militia all
are likewise gone
under Col. Hewlett
advance body of horse and foot
Dec. 15, '77, Gaine. their
appearance off Setauket
(one a Privateer) made
ven ashore and taken by one of His Majesty's Ships miles east
and the crew with
made prisoners among them Cols.
the rebels on board
of war, consisting of 64 privates and some officers,
Ely. The same day the other two Sloops run into Stony Brook (4 miles west of Setauket) and being unacquainted got on a bank. They then landed two hundred men, who immediately marched to
Setauket and returned the same evening to get off their sloop, but
miles from where they
The next day
and about 12 o'clock passed Wading River first
ARMED OCCUPATION OF
Col. Hewlett with a party of Gen. Delancey's Brigade, Col.
Newtown, and Capt. Hewlett with
ton with a troop of horse from
troop of horse from Hempstead, are gone in pursuit of the rebels, and
will give a
his it is
good account of them.
Ensign Benj. Titus
639. Jan. 4, '77.
Lieutenancy by Capt'sDan'l
John Davis, Dan'l Roe, and Lts.
Benj Marvin and Silvanns Conklin. All refugees from Suffolk. Jan. 10, '77. Abm. Hand, Jer. Miller and Col. Mulford's negro Jack were permitted to return to L. I., also Jos. Osborn and family. Feb. 20, Ezekiel and Dan'l Howell petition to get iheir effects from L.
Mulford Esq., resident
and took one horse and cow. John Tuthill was
Mathews Nathan Fordham John Gelston Aaron Isaacs, Jr. Maltby Gelston Abm. Rose Jos. Tillinghast Sam'l L'Hommedieu Tim. Mathews John Miller Dan'l Whelden David Pierson
wool, stock &c. from L.
Stonington, returned with his wife to his estate
Ezekiel Howell Dan'l Howell
Zebedee Osborn Elisha Osborn Silas Norris
petition Gov. Turnbull to '11.
in Haddam, E. Haddam, Lyme, Saybrook, Killingworth and Guilford, April, 10, '77, was presented to N. Y. Legislature. They want to be represented in Con-
Petition of 170 voters, refugees from
Saybrook, June 12, '77. Petition of 45 Suffolk Co. refugees for relief
to pass over to L.
for forage for their families
corn growing on their land which otherwise will
Nathan Benjamin and Jos.
Zeb. and John Cooper
and John King Paine
Jacob, Nath'l, Benj., and
Ephraim Fordham Oba. Havens; Robert Harlow; Recompense and Elias Howell;
Oliver North John Lewis Stanborough and Pederick Tabor Tho's Ter-
and Dan'l Rackett
Nath'l, Ephraim, Jeremiah, Joel, Benj.
and Sam'l Tuthill
and Craveit Wells
John, Jos. and
Richard Youngs. 640. July 3, '77. Oba. Jones, John Hurlbut and Tho's Dering
refugees going to L.
SUFFOLK COUNTY. 641. Jan.
Selah Strong, was incarcerated with others in
N. Y., where he was detained some time, and suffered severely for
Cunningham not even allowing him
of the food sent to him by his wife from his
1.419. Jan. 3, '78. Riv. Last Monday, Selah Strong
care of the Provost, on a charge of treasonable correspondence with the
130 tories from west end of L.
and robbed the honest inhabitants to a large amount in clothing,
From one man
Game. About two
Thursday morning, a party of 12 rebels seized at Coram, 2 wagons loaded with dry goods, the property of Oba. Wright of South Hampton. These marauders had been several days on the Island, visited most parts of the County and committed many robberies, especially at the 643.
Feb. 16, '78,
house of Col. Floyd, which they robbed of goods and cash, to a considerable amount,
and took thence some property of Mr. Dunbar,
the Island occasionally and happened to lodge in the
house that night. 644. Riv. Feb. 26, '78. Last Friday evening a small party of re-
to Mattituck, rapaciously seized
Conn, a quantity of goods, landed from one of the vessels
Next day a gang of ruffians ( John Clive Symes, Peter Griffen, Wilmot Goldsmith, and Tuthill, late residents of Southold,) brought wagons from the east end of the Island, stripped the schooner Clio, Capt. Simmons, of her sails, rigging, &c, which they carried off, and have no doubt sent across ven ashore
in the late storm.
645. Fishkill, Mar. teers,
night a party of 30 volun-
from Col. Meigs' Reg., in 4 whaleboats under command of
Major Humphrey's, Lts. Lay and Burret, made a descent on L.
the neighborhood of Smithtown, for the purpose of destroying several
of the enemy's shipping, particularly a large ship of 20 guns,
aground near that place.
preceding day, but they set
was unfortunately got
and destroyed a
burthen, a large schooner and an armed sloop,
200 tons employed in the brig, of
4RMED OCCUPATION OF
They brought off 2 Capt's, and several seamen, many sails, rigging, and furniture, as the boats could
enemy's service. together with as contain
effected without loss,
Main, next morning.
and the party returned to the
was well planned and con-
ducted, and such a one as in Gaine and Rivington's papers, would have filled a column with " immenses " and " infinites, " and ex-
hausted Johnson's Dictionary, of terprise, conduct,
646. N. London, Mar.
taking in wood, came to
of the ene-
and stood eastward.
came over from
bed the farm of
Last Sabbath 21
those terms which express en-
Con. Gaz. Mar. 11. '78.
my's shipping, which have
Moses Sawyer, who formerly
the Main, a few days since, and rob^
Nicoll, Esq., of said Island, of
of wheat, and carried off grain, belonging to Tho's Dering, of Suffolk Co.
648. Phineas Fairbank,
escaped from Worcester
was taken by P. Griffing, on L. I. On him was found a Tryon for the farm, with buildings and utensils thereon,
now in rebellion, and To whom it may concern
en, to take (
Permit Phineas Fairbank and Jer. Bow-
possession of the house and premises
in rebellion) at Southold,
their present use
the Governor's reply
of Joshua Wells,
on condition they occupy the same, provided
does not interfere with,
not wanted for the King's service.
seal at arms,
N. Y., March 31,
WM. TRYON, By
was taken from Stonybrook Harbor by 2 whale manned with 13 Continental troops, a sloop and schooner,
649. Ap, 11, boats,
loaded chiefly with wood.
with 4 swivels prisoners.
N. Haven, Ap.
the sloop of 40
of 60 tons, and armed
both arrived in safe ports with 4
Blydenburgh's, at the Branch, Smithtown. Ap. 22, '78, se-
veral pieces of Taffetas, Calicoes, 6 pieces of ble dry goods, together with
Linen and other valua-
SUFFOLK COUNTY. Warned
take notice of this advertisement.
Other small parties
ÂŁ40 Reward. Taken away by the Rebels from Mark Langdon, May 12 and 20th, at Smithtown, a large quantity of DRY GOODS and CASH, to the amount of ÂŁ1000.
by signals from
rebels have constant information
disloyal Islanders residing
ton and Setauket of every vessel passing up the Soundj as well as of the situation of persons and things in several parts of L. I.
and they also convey
information their emissaries daily
procure of the several occurrences in N. Y. City.
the evening of
a party of rebels landed at a harbor in Huntington, and attacked the
house of Shubael Smith, situated near the w.ster
Mr. Stone, a gentleman belonging
veral other persons.
and carried off
Ludlow's Reg't, and se-
afterwards passed the houses of Jos.
Lewis and Nath'l Williams, without molesting them, and proceeded to that of
Hindford, a refugee, used his house and store in the
same manner they had done Mr. Smith's, and then returned
Con't with the prisoners and booty.* * Shubael Smith of Huntington, joined the
his ferry boat at
seized by the Americans, Jan. 16, '77.
Sunday night, 10th inst, 2 whale boats, came to Blue Point, and took thence 5 boats lying there with oysters, owned by Tho's Myng, Amos Underhill, John Rapalje, Sam'l Toby, and Mr. Cameron. This party was commanded by one Dayton from Corum, and were all well armed. They 653. Riv.,
brought their boats from the N. side of the Island and sent their prizes to
They put some women and
of the Banditti
captured 5 vessels loaded with lum-
ber and produce for the market of N. Y., was Ebenezer Dayton, a
who had taken
the benefit of
Clark, formerly a rebel Lt,
Howe's Proclamation and after taking the oaths to Government, he kept a shop near B. Haven, where, by making private lotteries, &c, he converted his effects into cash, and about 4 or 5 weeks ago eloped ;
ARMED OCCUPATION OF
This party (14
number) are a species of plunderers
from the rebel troops.
654. Eben'r Punderson, a noted Tory, who made his escape some time ago from Groton, Was employed and sent by the commis-
sary at N. Y. to exact of the inhabitants at E. grain which
at different places in each town and what grain they had but his conhim, and fearing he should be met by people from
N. England, he ran
meeting the inhabitants according to
parish, to give an account of
science so terrified
and had ordered them
E. Punderson, at Newport, Oct. 14, '78, wants his family to come in the King's lines on L.
and he was
Pt. Bay, and intend to prevent
they lay on the beach and get necessaries from the
inhabitants in that neighborhood.
E. Hampton, Sept. 21, '83.
4 more whale-boats have again made
Ju. 15, '78.
Eben. Dayton, with 6
by stratagem, took Mr. M'Intire's sloop whilst they lay
near Blue Pt., and stripped a sloop of Lindley Murray.
another party composed of Rogers, Halsey, Sayer, and White, collected at S.
ing sent to N. Y.
a no. of others, to prevent provisions be-
and that night a party from the Main
boat seized a sloop at the entrance of
in a whale-
Brook Haven harbor, with a
quantity of goods from N. Y. for the use of the inhabitants of that
Philip Roe, at
and the same night they plundered the house of
3 miles east, of a considerable
quantity of goods and cash.
Last Sat. night a party of 14 armed tered the house of
Nicoll, Esq., Islip,
and robbed him of a
of money, plate, some arms, a quantity of clothing, and other properties to
a very considerable amount.
acquainted in the family, as they
they wanted. 657.
They appeared to be very well knew where to find every thing
2 boats under the
Dayton and Chester, with 14 men
and carrying one of the boats across a narrow
part of the island
SUFFOLK COUNTY. at S.
Hampton, they went about 60 miles up the
and took possession of 5
More might have been brought
S. side of the island
of coasting vessels
laden with lumber, oysters, household furniture,
some dry goods,
prizes are all safe arrived.
could they have
a British Sergeant.
Dayton and others, were filed before R. Law, Judge of the Maritime Court, N. London county, against the following vessels, taken between high and low water mark, viz. Peggy, Cha's Cameron, Commander Polly, Geo. Hallock George, Sam'l Tobey Libels in favor of
Dalancey, Tho's Ming JV.
Tuesday night 8 whale-boats arrived
here taken by Dayton, S. side of L.
Jacob, Ja's Smith.
N. London, June 12,
Capt. E. Dayton, in an armed
boat, carried 3 prizes (coasters) into
N. Haven, which he took near
Fire Island Inlet.
Last Thursday night a party of rebels assembled at the house of
one Weser, 8 miles E. of Huntington, where one Robertson, a pedler, had lodged,
they robbed of
of Mr. Weser.
659. June 15, '78.
Allen, at Soulhold, a horse.
660. June 27, '78.
and took a sum of
Gaine. the Revenge, took from one
Peter Griffing took 6 oxen from Tho's
Seaman and Mat. Smith, July
Tho's Fanning, of South Hampton, brother
Edmund Fanning, was
rebels from Conn.
June 20, '78. J. Youngs, of Stirling, writes to Nath'l Shaw in beFanning says he got Youngs out of prison in N. Y. T. F., and Q. M., was exchanged for Jos. Chew, Esq.
half of Lt.
N. Haven, Aug.
Last Friday about
Levies arrived at Huntington, from N. Y., said to be a foraging party.
N. London, Aug. at the E.
end of L.
hear 1000 troops from N. Y. were
a few days ago, collecting provisions for the British
army. 662. Fairfield, Island,
Gov. Tryon has marched down the
Setauket with 1200 men.
ARMED OCCUPATION Of
farmers to thresh out the grain immediately. is
stock on L.
expected, will be taken for the Kings's use.
N. London, Aug.
and 5 privates, deserters from
Tryon's plundering party, arrived here from L.
on their return, on Tuesday
to set out
29. '78, Riv.
se'night, a party of
crossed over from Con't, having concealed themselves in a
wood below Huntington,
3 light dragoons, returning from
E. end of the Island, and killed one of them on the spot
two, with the horses, got off unhurt.
patched from Huntington in quest of these assassins
caped over to their brethren, on the other side of the Sound. days after
but they es-
a Lt. and a few of the hands belonging to the Pri-
vateer lately wrecked on E. end of L.
were apprehended and pro-
664. Sep. 5, '78.
I arrived last
fat cattle for
the oath I administered to
Not one of the whole chose the latter rebels said my proposal was generous, which
on the north side of the Island, giving them the
alternative, either to take the oath,
to secure the peaceable behavior of the disaffected inhabit-
ants in that quarter, and assist the
evening from the East end of
with a detachment of near 1000 Provincials, where
that the acrimony of opposition
the late concessions of Government.
665. Last Sat. sundry inhabitants of Huntington were brought to
piloting the rebels in their different excursions
Gaine, Sep. 14, '78.
666. Oct 8, '78.
have, in a 2d excursion, brought
habitants on the E. end of L.
as far as
Point, under an
oath of peaceable behavior to his Majesty's Government, and with
[Major Isaac Reeve was informed against by Maj. Parker Wickham.
When the light horse, led by Tories, first came to his house, he escaped. Soon after he was taken and pinioned at his own house, and carried before Tryon at Mattituck, 2 miles distant, and threatened to be hung on
SUFFOLK COUNTY. a big tree there. his father
give up, but at the solicitation of
James, he took the oath, but spurned the Bible from his
Major Reeve was afterwards appointed Commissary, a post that gave him an opportunity of favoring many poor Whigs.
John Benjamin said to Mr. Reeve, " Are you going to take the V " Yes." " I wont." " You must." " No, I wont." When
Benjamin's turn came, he was asked his occupation. " I mean, what is your business " rian. "
do you bring
here for 1"
Tryon, " Take him
N. London, Sep.
Major Eben'r Gray, with a party
of Col. Meigs' Reg., went to Huntington on L.
and brought off
16 prisoners, disaffected, (who had gone over to the enemy from this state)
w ere T
and 2 made
Last Tues. se'nnight, a number of armed rebels in
Sep. 19, '78, Eiv.
20 whale-boats came over from Norwalk and landed
Huntington, and attacked the house of the
Chichester, in which
25 refugees were quartered, who made some resistance, but were soon overpowered. r
668. Oct. 10, '78.
2 of them, Capt. Coffin and
Buel writes to Gov. Trumbull that Tryon
exchange rum, sugar, molasses,
please the ladies, for beef.
669. N. London, Newport from L. I.
Oct. 16, '78.
670. Last Tuesday afternoon 3
in a small schooner, with
was attacked by 2 whale-boats with about 10 Fire Place. The boats went up with full resolution
swivels and a cohorn,
to board the schooner,
and when within about 20 yards, they received off, when most who were spec-
such a dose from the cohorn, as obliged them to sheer of their oars were seen to drop by the people on shore tators of the action,
which was well fought on both
having 9 of their
obliged to return to the shore.
671. David 6, '78, in
Landon took dry goods on L.
possession of David Howell,
and several wounded, were
near Southold, Nov.
ARMED OCCUPATION OF
From 672. " fested
a Privateer off Smithtown, Nov. 28,
of the piratical crew that in-
and look upon the greater part of the inhabitants to be dis-
affected to Gov't,
and believe they give every intelligence, as well as Riv. Dec.
subsistence to the rebel party."
673. 14 days since a prize Brig
opposite St. George's
Friday following a privateer sloop and
Manor, loaded with tobacco.
4 whale-boats from N. London appeared in the Bay, and were seen to ply
between the prize and privateer, and 'tis supposed, carried off Next day the boats made an attack on a schooner
part of the cargo.
and a sloop that had arrived from N. York, but were repulsed by both
when Mr. Dayton, who, 'tis said, commanded the boats, carwounded men ashore to the house of Capt. Josiah Smith, of
Moriches, and the privateer sloop driving ashore, was taken by the people belonging to the 2 small vessels from N. Y.
674. Dec. 2, '78. Riv.
Last Friday night, a few minutes after
Col. Benj. Floyd, of Setauket, had
George, son of Job
Smith, of Smithtown, and Isaac, son of Epenetus Smith, with 12 others beset the house, and
where the Col.
waiting at the door.
George obliged a domestic
he surprised and led
to the thieves
triumphantly hurried him over to
Norwalk. 675. Capt. Eben. Dayton, in the sloop
Ranger of 45 men, 6
riage guns, and 12 swivels, blunderbusses, muskets, hand grenadoes (to
throw on the deck of the vessel attacked as they run her aboard
with whale-boats), was taken in South Bay, [Nov. 20, "78] by Capt. Stout of a N. Y. Privateer, and brought to N. Y.
Seaman, was taken near Oyster
with cargo of wood, plank,
Petitions of Suffolk Co. Refugees, in Conn.
Jona. Havens, Dan'l and
Nathan Fordham, Benj. Conklin,
Paul and Step. Howell, Francis Furnier and Son, and Thos. Currier refugees from L. Oct. '78.
brought over their
in service of
SUFFOLK COUNTY. from S. Hampton
his family off,
but can exchange for salt or steel
Capt. Jer. Rogers, of L. L,
—has wheat he
— has liberty to go.
6, '78,) at Killingworth, in
Jas. Sayre, of
Saybrook, wants to engage in the
Hampton, Silvanus Howell, and want
Capt. David Howell, of S.
Youngs, who over to L.
to Killingworth, in the fall of '76,
They were plundered
and pray Gov. Trumbull
Oct. 12, '78.
of produce on L.
late of L. I., at
John Hudson, of Sag Harbor,
by Capt. Grif-
Miller, at E.
Thos. Dering, of
Oba. S. Hampton are on the Main Benj. Paine, of Southold B. Y. Sag Harbor Prime, at N. Haven Oba. Haven, of Shelter I. at Saybrook Ezekiel Sandford, at E. Haddam Thos. Lester, killed by a wad at N. London Mary King, at Middletown Mr. Burnet Miller, at Stonington Josiah Smith, at N. London. Nov. 1, '76, to Oct. 1, '78. Shelter
and Rich. Howell, of
Thos. Dering, Middletown, wants to go to L.
Aug. 24, L.
[H. V. D., taken prisoner by Capt. Fitch, before
with his family.
Henry Booth, of L.
Sep. '79. Gaitis Gardiner and
Nov. '79. Hugh and Wm.Gelston, petition
2, '79. Jona.
winter their horses on L.I.
Osborn, of Southold, seized and brought over by
Peter Griffin, June 14, as a person unfriendly to U. S., wishes his apparel
24, '79. Jas. Curren, of Southold, to Guilford, asks relief from
John Hubbard, from Southold, makes a deposition respecting Dan'l
Dibble, a refugee.
Gershom Culver and Thos. Tapping, have permits, Nov. 16, '79, to bring off from L. I. some flour and grain, the produce of their land. Dec. 3, '79.
300 bushels of salt,
without carrying goods, produce or money.
Hartford, June 10, for proceeds of his
petitions to go to S.
Floyd's and Ezra L'Hommedieu's effects
the effects of his father.
Hampton, for horse for his own, and Col.
Isaacs to E.
ARMED OCCUPATION OF
678. Riv. Jan. 20, '79. Last Sat. se'nnight, 3 whale-boats with
detachments from Meigs and Willis's Continental Reg., under com-
of a Capt. and Lt.,
came from Greenwich,
Cont., with intention
themselves in Huntington Bay, until an opportunity offered
on their passage to this city but a violent gale them to make for the nearest part of L. I., in attaining which one of their number containing 7 privates and a Capt. was lost, and the crew perished. The other 2 as soon as they struck the ground, hauled up their boats and covered them with branches. After lying 26 hours concealed, they were discovered by a soldier of Gen. to interrupt vessels
who immediately got assistance and secured them at off. They were brought
the very instant they were ready to push to
town on Thursday
Capt. Elderkin took the sloop
Mary Ann, 28
by Stent Raymond, in Huntington Harbor, below
high- water mark.
N. London, Feb.
Last Sat., the Ranger, a British
Privateer Brig of 12 guns that had been cruising in the Sound,
taken from a wharf at Sag Harbor, after a short resistance, by the
Brig Middleton, Capt. Sage, sloop
Beaver, Capt. Havens, sloop
Eagle, Capt. Conklin.
these 3 again sailed for
discovered 7 British vessels just arrived
Sag Harbor, where they
â€” one a brig of 8 or 10 guns,
a fair prospect appeared of making capture of the whole but wind ahead, the Middleton struck on the Middle Ground, in beating up the harbor, ^ of a mile from the shore, where she was bravely de;
fended for 4 or 5 hours by her crew against an incessant the brig and several field-pieces on shore shots, several
after being hulled
under water, and the vessel careening by the
guns could not be worked, all except 4 left the ship and were taken on board the other 2 vessels. These on their return, took 2 brigs from Cork, via. N. Y. with rum, wine, and 12,000 bushels of oats for the troops on the East end ing, the
Hog Neck, Sir
â€” At daybreak
11 o'clock at night, Feb.
the Brig Middleton
guns each, were seen standing in
and 2 Sloops of 14 and 10
Betwixt 8 and 9
they came within cannon shot of the King's armed vessel, which fired
3 shots ahead of them, neither of which being answered, the Neptune fired at
them, which was returned on their side, hoisting rebel colors,
standing on until they came within reach of the guns on shore,
which having thrown a few 12 pound shot the
Harbor, towards the end of
them, they stood out from long shot was then ex-
Brig having the appearance of
being aground, or having met with some accident, a 12 pounder was
end of Long Wharf, which being nearly on a
with the water, had the effect of deterring the sloops from giving her
crossed over to
of the British Legion, and the 3 pounder attached to
with the infantry
bore with such advantage on her, that she struck to us, but unfortunate-
whale boats on board,
ly having 5
off except 3,
met with but one
corporal being wounded.
CHAS. COCHRAN, Maj. B. Legion, Commanding Troops
[Maj. Cochran was killed at Yorktown.
party of Rebels have a place of resort at Bread and Cheese
Hollow, on a bye road that leads from the houses of 2 bellion, viz.
men now in
Nath'l Piatt and Thos. Treadwell, to that of the noted
Sam'l Philips, near the Branch. said Philips' to the
They extend along
the road from
well-known Piatt CarlPs, and have stopped several
persons on horseback and in wagons, and robbed a number of houses
Smithtown, and Islip, within the last 10 days. They are said to be commanded by a rebel Maj. Brush, formerly of Huntington. Two of these thieves are known to be Nich. Tillotson and Steph. Woodhull, in
(the former) son of Dan'l Tillotson of the Branch, ow^ner of the barn
formerly mentioned in this paper, which the Rebels look-out to waylay passengers.
of as a
unfortunate Loyalists in this
part of the country are greatly exposed to the savage cruelty of these
number, and unable
selves from the frequent incursions of the parties
harbored and supplied with provisions and
above mentioned. Riv. Mar. 10, '79.
ARMED OCCUPATION OF
14 companies light infantry (700)
682. Feb. 16, '79.
ampton. Gen. Clinton at Southampton with about 2500 troops
and near Sag Harbor
12 or 14 driven on Gardener's
N. London, Mar. 25,
N. London, Mar. 5/79. flat
boats for the invasion of this State.
arrived there from N.
and went, it Mar. 31,
marched from N. Y.
end of L.
A reinforcement of 1500
came down Sound from N. Y.
hear Gen. Clinton, with 3 or 400 troops, lately
end of L.
to the E.
been there several weeks, said
and joined those who had whole to 3 or 4000.
Ap. 7, '79. 10 days since, Gen. Clinton in haste returned to N. Y. accompanied by a small guard, for fear the French would attack New York. British troops on L. I., 'tis said, are commanded by General
by permission, was carrying a white bag of peaches from the orchard of Mrs. Hunting, at E. Hampton, when Nath'l D., supposing he had a goose under his arm, fired and killed him. Domini at first
(conscious of his innocence,) but by advice
of his friends, fled.
N. London, Ap.
5 French prisoners escaped here from L.
who say there are only 500 foot and 50 horse at Southold, and 100 men at Sag Harbor with 2 field-pieces, which force is kept there to faciI.,
wood and hay from Sag Harbor.
and a 12 gun brig
from N. Port.
poor milch cows
Gen. Clinton was returning
A fleet of
6 sail of
and a ship with provisions lately
Before her arrival provisions were so scarce, that the in-
habitants were obliged to sickly.
and the troops
throwing up some
in consequence of a report that
Gen. Parsons was
preparing for an attack on Sag Harbor with 4000 troops.
Mr. Buel was on friendly and intimate terms with Gov. Tryon his lively disposition, ready wit, and fondness for the chase, was a favorite with Sir Wm. Erskine, and often had it in his power to ;
soften the severity of war.
Sir William, one
Saturday, said to Mr.
Buel, " I have ordered the people of your parish to appear with their teams at Southampton to-morrow." Mr. B. replied, " I know it, but as
commander-in-chief on the Sabbath, Sir
William did not
have annulled the or-
Mr. Buel frequently joined the parties of the British
he enlivened by humorous anecdotes and agreeable conversation.
when he was behind
the appointed hour for a deer-hunt, Sir
to receive him.
now mounted, when men to dis-
Tired of waiting, they had
detained the party.
seeing his friend Buel approaching, Sir
Lord Percy, an aid, while impatiently pacing to Mr. Buel, who thereupon asked him what
portion of His Majesty's forces he had the honor to
have the honor of addressing Beelzebub, the prince
His lordship put his hand on his sword.
restored to good
" Then," said Mr. Buel with a low
legion of devils just from hell."
the laugh turned
on Percy, who,
This was rebuked after a while,
attention of the parson.
16 sail came out of Gardiner's
N. London, stood for N. Y.
ter Griffing recovered
684. Gaine, Islip,
David Gardiner of Southold, was robbed of and her son of goods and clothes. Pe-
and restored them. 31, '79.
of sundry sorts of goods to the
Nicoll, Esq., of
amount of many
hundreds, by a party from Conn, a fortnight ago,
Eben'r Drake and Capt. Peter Foster. 685. Riv. Ju. parture of Sir this place, ter,
Erskine and the troops under his command from
have been continually plundered both by land and wa-
set of (worse than savage) rebels.
They are become so bold The great quantity
as to attack us at noonday as well as at midnight.
of goods carried from N. Y. to this county, I think,
the cause of
what we call your town (N. Y.), who are concerned with a number of
inviting the rebels over.
a set (of
traders) in disaffected
persons in carting goods to the different parts of this county."
Loyal Subject. 686. Gaine, Ju. 14, '79.
of rebels and plunderers entered the house of
the furniture and clothing that were valuable
which they proceeded to the house of Ob. and John Greene, and robbed them of about £140 value. These villains are commis-
ARMED OCCUPATION OF
sioned by Gov. Trumbull to take every thing below highwater mark.
There being no vessels
at present in
rather than return without booty, they have robbed old Mr. Nicholl's
family several times to a considerable amount.
Every 6th man drafted on L. I. from 16 Sandy Hook.
687. June 16, '79.
60, in consequence of our fleet [French] off
688. Riv. July
" Suffolk Co., Ju. 21.
ous Rebels boast they can have goods from N. Y. as usual.
our inhabitants entertain and join with the plundering parties.
party of Rebels had a feast at the house of Benj.
Moriches, (a most pernicious attended at this
and several of the inhabitants
Benajah Strong, (who was
privy to the murder of Maurice Seaman, at Islip,) and Caleb Brewster,
Government here have been
greatly distressed ever since the King's troops left the E. end of L. I.
the rebellious part of the inhabitants in this town,
were stationed E. of
who were kept now become
insolent than ever, and publicly threaten to have
off to Con't.
of these miscreants are
Nath'l Williams, Stephen Kelsey, Eliphalet Chichester, John Brush,
Jonas Rogers, Marlboro Burtis, and Israel
smuggled goods out of N. Y.
to this place for the sole purpose of
supplying the rebels in Con't.
live in perfect safety,
scarcely a night
passes but some of their loyal neighbors are plundered by the sons
and other relations of those rebels troops landed on the Island.
hope you will keep a good look-out for
they should have the assurance to return again to
any troops quartered
should be so happy as to have
in this part of the
these perjured villains will be
rebellion against the best of kings.
to rue the
day they entered into
Gaine, Ju. 28, 1779.
The British put powder in the cellar and 690. July 21, '79. blew up the house lately improved by John Brown, on Fisher's I., fired the out-houses, hay, &c.
SUFFOLK COUNTY. 691. Spies on L.
madge 10 guineas
will replace the guineas.
to Col. Tall-
Culper, Jr., whose accounts are clear, intelligent, vi.
lost his letter,
T. must notify H. in the Bowery, of the
Sep. 24, '79.
spies to write their information
on margin of almanacs, reviews, pamphlets, &c, or on blank leaves at the end or write a familiar letter in tory style, and interline with a ;
stain their private intelligence.
Feb. 5, '80.
sends 20 guineas and 2 vials of stain and counter-
part of stain, for Culper, Jr.
Washington) with some Y. and Abraham Woodhull of Setauket, which lasted war. He kept, one or more boats constantly employed in Sound on this business. Thomspon, ii. 483.
Col. T. opened a secret correspondence (for
persons in N.
went to N. Y. under sanction of a flag, those who had transmitted intelligence of the
of '83, Major T.
to grant protection
enemy's doings from time
who, on entering the Isaac
insults of their
Whippo, Geo. Smith, Silvanus Dickerson, refugee Whigs from last two obtained pensions for secret service as spies. They access to the city of N. Y., bought goods. Stratford, notori-
for illicit trade,
exported to L.
cheese, and small stock of
set at liberty.
supposed by 3
boats were captured and
sold all kinds of goods. 18, Morris
who occupied the farm of one villains, who first wounded him with
gee from Duchess Co., rebel,
might have treated them with indignity
stead of merited respect.
time during the war.
and private emissaries were saved from the
Strong, a a pistol in
the knee, stabbed him in several places, and then beat his brains out
with an axe. Gaine, July
lived alone, he
was not found
notice to quit.
Ed.] Suffolk Co.,
a late proclamation,
Y„ must have a pass
I find several
persons going to and from N. persons have surreptitiously ob-
ARMED OCCUPATION OF
the loyalists of this county not daring to oppose, as
their lives and property lie entirely at the
mercy of the Con't
Several persons from Queens, (notoriously disaffected,) have lately
purpose of trading with their rebel
connections in the Con't towns. 694. Riv.,
blacked, entered the house
party of rebels, with their faces
Fred. Hudson, Esq., of
Co., on Friday night, 6th inst, and robbed
amount of £200 and upwards, scarcely leaving
the family their wearing apparel.
the fourth time Mr.
has been plundered since his captivity.
out of the lots of Dan'l Blatsy, one
mile from Piatt Carll's, Huntington, a horse and mare, &c.
or Tx¥th part of the Privateer sailed from Huntington, 14th inst., on a cruise,
be sold at Auction,
14 six-pounders, completely victualled and manned, and
owned by Tory refugees, comN. London, Aug. 25, '79.
697. 40 privateers at Huntington,
manded by one Hatch, of Mass.
698. Riv., Oct. 2, '79.— N. Lond., Sep. 22.
ing been made to Gen. Delancey, of L.
lyn, to be
Militia, to furnish
with their blankets on Aug. 23, to march for Brook-
employed in repairing and constructing new works there ; to be from Suffolk County, who were also to
210 of which were
furnish and send to the magazine at Brooklyn, 5,000 fascines, 9 long, and stripped of leaves
25,000 pickets, from 3 to 4
5,000 fraisings or stockades, from 9 to 10 thick
5,000 railing of 6 or 7
long, and 6 to 8 in.
inhabitants having refused to comply, the following letter
sent to Gen. Delancey
Y. Aug. 26, '79.
will signify to the people of Suffolk Co. that if the requi-
not immediately complied with a detachment of troops will be
sent into that district, and every person
out of L.
farms will be
have suffered from real attachment
shall refuse shall be turned
for the support of those
SUFFOLK COUNTY. N. London Gaz.
Sep. 22, '79.
men came homes on account of being or-
Last Friday 35 young their
dered to work on the fortifications on the west end of L.
ing they should be ordered thence to the West Indies.
Aug. 14, a party of about 20 rebels Corum, and took 2 of Isaac [or Isaiah]
28, '79. Riv.
their appearance at
Thence they proceeded 6 miles westward
house of Isaac Smith, and also made him and 3 more of his sons
prisoners. his escape. at
threw one of the rebels over the stoop and made
Thence they proceeded
Haven Town and stopped time. Thence they
John Baley's, where they remained some
Crane Neck, 3 miles west of B. Haven, where
The same day
were seen near Crane
a party of militia were in motion, and their
Drowned Meadow, known Eben. Dayton was
orders were to march to
and Crane Neck one of Mr. Smith's sons
party, 2 of the sons of Israel Conklin, of
3 miles east of B. at the
Huntington South, Stephen
Woodhull, of B. Haven, the noted Isaac Smith, of Corum, ( commonly called Petticoat Isaac, ) and one of his sons the two latter joined the rebels about 3 months ago. Mr. Petticoat Isaac has been :
remarkably industrious in harboring and supplying the Rebels with provisions and intelligence.
their appearance at
and ordered Isaac Smith's family
from that place, by Tues-
day following, otherwise their house should be destroyed by I.
S. is the only Loyalist in the
700. Capt. Elias Glover
after the passage of
Act, Sep. 10, '79, and was captured by Major Talmadge, at Lloyd's
Neck.â€” Sep. 701.
Chatham, Sep. 28.
number of men from every county, visit
from the French, our
blue, a gun,
to fortify the Island.
mounted and gold touch-hole
clothes, gilt oval buttons
Stolen, Sep. 15, from Jos. Ketcham's,
40 miles east of N. Y., by 7 or 8 armed silver
702. Gaine, Oct. 11, '79. at Nesiscop,
General Clinton has demanded a
a suit of green
a suit, light-colored silk jean, solid silver
AR3IED OCCUPATION OF
a suit nankeen.
The above made
Also, 4 ruffled shirts, 4 cravats, 4 handkerchiefs, fowling bag,
10 gallons shrub, 18 Madeira wine, also a gun of Major [John]
AntilFs, [of Skinner s Brigade].
every other of the robbers.
N. B. Any of the gang who will inform, may depend on every means being used to obtain his pardon, by Richard Deane, distiller, N. Y.
On the night of Oct. 2, a party of men attempted to break into Widow Piatt, Huntington, where Jas. Houston and John Stewart kept store, but was prevented by Mr. Stewart, who 703.
the house of
night following they returned with
a greater force and attacked the house in like manner,
were again prevented. On 5th returned a third time, at 12 at night, broke up a window with a sledge, and fired several shot into the house, when a hot engagement commenced. Mr. John Stewart, Mr. Piatt, and a negro, prevented their getting into the
house for some time, but one of the
where John Stewart
villains got into the
The firing alarmed
immediately took to their arms, and drove the robbers
into the woods.
in the head, the only
damage done. Oct. 18, '79. Game. (100 guineas reward.) A most daring robbery was committed at the house of Jesse Conklin, Bushy Plains, by persons unknown, on the night of Oct. the 6th. 100 guineas reward, and a (free) pardon from the Commander in Chief, ( is offered ) to any accomplice
shall prove evidence against the rest.
We hear from B.
day evening, a party of 20 rebels, in 3 whale-boats, arrived near the house of Col. Benj. Floyd. They attacked the house, and robbed
him of £600, and the most valuable the party had their faces blacked
Andrew Seton was robbed (by effects
part of his household goods. 2 of
and the same night the house of
same party) of the most valuable
and on the preceding evening the house of Capt. Solomon
Davis (see 767)
Old Man's was attacked.
shot through the house, but Capt. Davis stood ready to receive the first
them he was accustomed
should dare enter, either at the doors or windows.
to having balls fly around him, and
SUFFOLK COUNTY. some of the
inhabitants being alarmed, the rebels
doing any more damage in that quarter.
have been committed on the south 705. Nov.
2 guineas reward.
6, '79, Riv.
Several other robberies
nut brown horse run
disembarking at Brooklyn ferry, belonging to the
Major of the Hess. Reg. of Ditfourth, marching
Not easy caught. 706. N. London, Dec. L.
5 green coats arrived here, from
Petitions of Suffolk Co. Refugees 707. Ap. 24, '80. Gilbert Fanning,
Stonington, wants to return to L.
also to get
Carolina, and '80.
Lt. Palmer, at
about land in Stonington,
to his father (at his death in June last),
power of attorney from Phineas and
to dispose of estate of
Jas. F., at Southold,
Richard F., who died 8 years ago in North
David Palmer wants permit
produce of Col. Gardi-
Plumb I. Ap. 11, '80. Thos., Amaziah, and Selah Corwin, Peter Halliock, Israel Youngs, David Vail, Daniel Tuthill, at Lyme, are permitted to
ner, his father-in-law, off
for grain, wool, flax,
are to carry over
and 1^ bushels
for their families.
no provisions nor bring off any British goods.
Capt. John Conklin, refugee, has a pass to cross
wishes a pass
for his wife
late of S.
Hampton, now of Saybrook, to go and stay on L.
his mother's estate.
Andrew Ward wants permit
Rev. Mr. Rose to
and procure proof that certain captured goods, worth jÂŁ800,
were bought and not captured on L.
and Elizabeth Simmons
to return after settling
July 12, visit
10, '80. Doctor
trade seized, but
Howell and Mr. Leavenworth in the
a permit from President of Congress.
Capt. Zach. Rogers, Jacob Titus and Thos. Conklin, of L. taken in a wood-boat on the Sound before Aug. 26, '80.
Before Sep. 14, '80. Capt.
Lockwood took from
Cable and Lud-
Storrs, Hartford, Oct. 25, '80,
and bring back presents.
go and preach on L.
Capt. Gamaliel Baley to
ARMED OCCUPATION OF
90 Oct. 31, '80.
Saybrook, wishes to bring his
12 months ago.
Jacob Titus, Thos. Conklin, Zach. Rogers, taken 10 weeks ago in a wood-boat and ford, will aid the
Geo. Smith, at Hartford, wishes
Smithtown now and then
His father lately died.
to see to his estate.
large family to sup-
Geo. Howell wishes
bring over from L.
his secreted effects.
No Mar. go
13, '80. Oba. Johnes, Nath'l
Tuthill, pray to
to L. I. at all times for provisions for their families.
Reeve and Nath'l,
10, '80. Eben'r
Chelsea, were refugees from L.
Mar. 20, L.
King and Daniel
at school at
wishes to return to
Groton, wants to return to
John Franks, Elias Howell, Dan'l Fordham, Henry Hopping, Silas Jessup, David Woodruff, Geo. Fordham, Dan'l Rackett and Capt. Paul
Reeve, want permits
to cross to L. I.
Joshua Smith and Capt. D. Roe, of B. Haven, D. Roe at Woodbury, '80
Lt. Caleb Brewster of Continental
Seth and Ephraim Marvin, of B. Haven, at Norwalk, '80
and Eben'r Conklin, Alex, and Carll Ketchum, W. Sammis, Jas. Hubbs, Benj. Blachly, Pearson Brush, Epenetus Smith, Jos. Titus, Tim. Williams, at Norwalk
Isaac Smith at N. Haven.
Jan. 24, '80. John Hulbert, David Sayre, Theoph's Halsey, Maltby Gelston, David Pierson, Zeb. Osborn, Uriah Rogers and Stephen ell, all
to go to L.
Haddam, and Gamaliel Bayley,
Nathan, from Southold
Hannah Cupper and from Southold to
year with the children and back one year since,
asks to take over 2 or 3
of Hartford, have permits
P. Tillenness, widows, fled with their husbands
Eben. Edwards, Southampton
support their families
— granted. Farmington
go over and bring back avails of his farm.
Wm. Floyd from L. I.
— Gen. Tryon allowed two
SUFFOLK COUNTY. to take his estate,
send over for
cattle for continental
Jona. Havens, from L.
— allowed, with
East Haddam, 1776
— in need
asks to return
negro boy, family stores, furniture, &c.
Havens, from L.
— sold his grain and Ap.
—property gone — out
return as the east end of the Island
a family in want,
Dr. Silas Halsey, Southampton to Killingworth of business
Zeb. Hallock, Southold to
wish his return
support his family at Saybrook
David and Silvanus Hoel, and Jer. Rogers, Southampton to Killingworth, 1776 ask to go over to rent their farms and bring back
Sam'l Landon and Barnabas Horton
possessed E. end of Island
Seth Overton asks to bring over from Southold to parents
are insulted by the British
Elias Pelletreau, goldsmith, and
Southampton ed him, 1776
can't support his family
Major King, Oyster Pond wants
to bring over avails of his
Ap. '80. army and dis-
Saybrook, with his aged parents
—allowed under inspection. Date
Abigail and Bethiah Terry, Southold in decline of
with goldsmith's tools
— was Captain and asks
— enemy made a store of his house
May, '80. Chatham his aged
Paul Reeve, L.
— can't obtain support —
Durham, 1776 single and want to return granted. to
Sep. '80. Jos. Topping, L.
—in need— a large family—has
— an aged father on the Island —allowed
Rufus and Christ'r Tuthill, widow Dolly Baley and John King Southold
ARMED OCCUPATION OF
Benj. Vail, Jona. Conklin, Jona. and Joshua Horton, and Joshua
return and take over cattle
David Welden, L. aged mother
support their families
1776— in want
John Preston, and Tim. Welles, large estates at
Henry White wishes
take no part against U. S.
Rev. Mr. "White, at
to return to his father,
Thos. Topping, tanner and shoemaker, South Hampton to Wethersfield
he brought over
Jan. '80. John, Cornelius, and Selah Conklin, Sam'l Vail, Rob't
Brush, Conklin Shaden, Ezekiel Wickes, Carll and Alex. Ketcham,
Henry Scudder, Joshua and Jarvis Rogers, Jesse Arthur,
Josiah Buffet, Seth Marvin,
which had been taken by the
relief of Poll
Feb. '80. Eph. and Benj. Marvin, Zebulon Williams, Gabriel Smith, Benj. and Gabriel North, L.
they brought over
Smith, Smithtown to Stratford
Oct. '80. Geo.
to return to
bring off the avails of the sale of his estate in merchandise.
off effects of
own, (and get =£600 then due Col. F. from Dan'l Philips was Floyd's overseer and had resided 2 years at his
New Haven, Feb.
were attempting drowned 709.
Last week, as 3 Hessian soldiers Sound from Lloyd's Neck, 2 were
to cross the
the 3d got safe ashore
on the Main.
$20 Reward and Charges. Stolen
out of the barn of Zo-
phar Rogers, Huntington, Feb. 19, '80, 2 horses, &c. 710. Public thanks are hereby rendered to His Ex. Brig. Gen.
for his amiable
by a vote (nem.
his stay at
con.) of the inhabitants, at a
711. July 19, '80.
town meeting, held
SUFFOLK COUNTY. marched
Huntington, where 100 of the
This corps was destined
Island joined him.
between the Fleet which lay
cavalry of the
to secure the
East end of the
The Queen's Rangers remained about the
Island and N. Y.
on the E. end of the Island till Aug. 9, when they fell back to Corum, whence they returned Eastward, Aug. 15, being joined by
Amer. Reg., which Symcoe was ordered
to detach to
Riverhead, and he himself met the Commander-in-Chief (Clinton),
who was now on
journey by the Admiral's invitation, to hold a
conference with him.
Bay, but sailed before Clin-
The Queen's Rangers
ton could arrive.
returned to Oyster Bay,
This march of near 300 miles had been made very
fatiguing by the barren, through
uncommonly hot weather, which rendered which the roads
the night as in the daytime.
on the country. Adj. Gen. [Andre
principally lay, as close
and sultry in
The troops had been obliged to subsist who was sent express to the
inform him what difficulty there was in pro-
the hardships which conupon the inhabitants, was waylaid, taken and robbed As this had been at Smithtown, by a party from the Rebel shore. formerly the case, and it was obvious no party could remain se-
curing provisions for the troops, and
inhabitants, Lt. Col.
of Clinton, to raise a contribution from the inhabitants of rency, one-half to reimburse the militia
what was taken
from him, and the other to recompense him for the chagrin he must have been under
not being able to execute his orders. Jour. 149, 150.
712. Last Friday night a party of Rebels surrounded the house of
Dr. Punderson of Setauket, took him prisoner and carried him to Con't:
in that night the
same party took
rebels told Mrs. P. they had taken the Dr. to exchange for John
Smith and Mr. Jayne town, at
seized at Smith-
Blyenbury's, on a trading expedition.
Gaine, July 17, '80. 713. Sep.
N. L. Tw o deserters from the Queen's Rangers Sunday from L. I., who say Gen. Clinton was at E.
ARMED OCCUPATION OF
Hampton, Wed. before, and that day set out with his attendants for N. Y., and that the rest of the Troops set out on Thursday.
Taken up by John Hill,
714. Riv. Sep. 16, '80.
lyn Ferry, a dark bay horse and 2 mares, in the possession of John
on suspicion of
715. Ship Watt, struck on \ moon shoal, Montauk Pt, sunk 2 hours, Capt. Coulthart and 20 of the crew drowned.
Gaine, Sep. 20,
716. Sep. 26, '80. Col. Ludlow writes to Gen. Silliman, that " plundering inhabitants and taking off innocent farmers, is a mode
Outrages are committed by mercenary
of our people plundering on the Main,
will be returned to
717. Those Refugees desirous of locations in Suffolk Co. will Oct. 5, '80.
leave their petition with P. J. Livingston, Hellgate.
718. Capt. Elisha Elderkin in the True Blue, took the Betsey,
Dan'l Pardue, master, in South Bay. Oct. 9, '80.
Michael Veal, Joshua Rogers, Cor. Conklin,
John Conklin, and Jesse Brush, weather on L.
(see 722) of the
were forced by
in a whale-boat,
shore, and are
Royal Refugees, and
lowing rebel gentry,
Oct. 8, '80.
prisoners in N.
safely lodged in Provost, the fol-
Capt. Cornelius Conklin,
Conklin, Capt. Rogers, and Lt. Farley,
long practised in coming from the N. England shore to murder and plunder the King's loyal subjects, on L.
They were taken
by Lt. Pendergrass and a party of Col. Cuyler's Refugees, at Smith-
town, with their whale-boat, and considerable booty. Capt.
killed in attempting to escape."
Oct. 10, '80, Bob. Roy.
Jesse Brush had sent the following warning " to John
Quarters, Aug. 25, '80.
have repeatedly ordered you, especially Ap. 15, is
the last invitation.
not, your next landfall will be in
SUFFOLK COUNTY. a warmer climate than any you make your escape. "
95 20 days you have to
ever lived in yet.
Riv., Oct. 21, '80.
was a dark, moonless midnight in Sep. '80, that Maj. Brush, a man, with red hair, sandy complexion, and a bright
eye, strong as Hercules,
and bold as a Lion, 2 brothers Conklins, from whose farm had been ravaged
Virginia, Capt. Rogers, a hardy old fellow,
by Cornwallis's army, Lt. Ketcham, a polished gentleman and brave
Tim. Williams,* a noble, generous fellow, full of vivacity and humor, and Abm. Leggetj landed from a whale-boat on a Beach near officer,
boat was hauled up in a cove, and carefully covered
with branches of trees, seaweed,
Then they proceeded to who had been apprized
as to prevent
owner of which was a True Blue, Maj. Brush was about to be dispatched on
a house, the that
a secret mission by Gov. Clinton to raise a loan of specie on L.
For 3 weeks they passed
various disguises, generally
choosing the night for their peregrinations, sometimes venturing out by
broad daylight, with assumed names, and some pretended business
which they would puisue with a great deal of seeming earnestness. After they
weather forced them back to North Swamp,
they hauled up their boat, capsized
In the afternoon
cleared up, they
and crawled under
surprised by a shout from a neighboring height "
There they are
on the sand.
and a volley of musketry followed, which laid 2 dead Legget and Williams escaped in a swamp, and recrossed
in the night to
Conn, in a large whale-boat which Gen. Washington kept
cruising in the Sound, and
N. York, Dec. 1845. * At the close of the war, a merchant
Huntington, where he died,
Late of N. Y. City, and father of
Editor of Evening
Gen. Parsons wants H. Scudder
to negotiate the
change of Maj. Brush, Capt. Joshua Rogers and other refugees from L.
Oct. 19, '80.
720. Ft. St. George
built at a point projecting into
Bay, on Smith's Manor, being the enemy's easternmost defence.
triangular inclosure of several acres of ground, at
of which was a strongly barricaded house, and at the third, a
with a deep ditch and wall, encircled by an abattis of sharpened pickets, projecting at
an angle of 45 degrees.
ARMED OCCUPATION OF
A Plan of Ft. St. George, were
taken by Col. Tallmadge, Nov. 22,
entirely connected with a strong stockade,
12 feet high,
every piece sharpened, and fastened to each other by a transverse rail,
strongly bolted to each.
The work was
nearly finished, and
The Fort was 96
had embrazures for 6 guns, and but 2 mounted. ft.
square, and had one gate and sally port, leading into the grand
The Fort and
days, and had 50
other works had been completed only a few
The above information, and a draft, was who lived near the Fort, and actually The Fort was the depository of stores,
guided Tallmadge to
dry goods, groceries, and arms, whence Suffolk Co. could be supplied.
Nov. 21. barked
At 4 P. M., with 8
boats and a fair wind, I
detachment, consisting of 2 companies of dismounted
avoid a large body of the cinity, partly in
and the same evening
our direct route from Stamford.
landed, say 10 o'clock, I put the troops in motion to cross L.
had not gone
far east to
say 4 or 5 miles, before the wind began to blow
from S. E. and rain soon followed.
faced the troops about, re-
turned to our boats, which were drawn up and concealed in the bushes, under guard of 20
to attacking the Fort.
must be paid as well Sound (20 miles wide) as
to a favorable time for re-crossing the
There we remained through the night and
next day, and at evening the rain abated, and
again ordered the
march (7 o'clock) for our destined place S. side of L. L At 3 next morning I found we were within 2 miles of Ft. St. George, when we halted a short time to take refreshment. Having made my arrangements for 3 different attacks at the same time, I placed 2 small detachments under command of officers of high spirit, at diftroops to
ferent positions from the Fort, with orders to keep concealed until
(4 o'clock,) I put Lt. Brewster,
Just as day began to dawn,
detachment in motion.
column had reached within 20 yds.
of the stockade before they were discovered.
sentinel in advance of the stockade halted his march, looked attentively at
our column, demanded "
comes there ?" and
Before the smoke from his gun had cleared his vision,
who marched by my trated him.
reached him with his bayonet and pros-
This was the signal
to vie with
for the other troops to
move forward, So
each other in entering the Fort.
were the men that a breach was soon made in the stockade, where the rear platoon under Mr. Simmons halted to prevent the [There was a detachment around each prisoners from escaping. house also.] I led the column directly through the grand parade against the main fort, which we carried with the bayonet in less than 10 minutes, not a musket being loaded. At the same instant that I
entered one side of the
commanding the smaller
tachments mounted the ramparts on the other
and the watch-
word, " Washington and Glory
.'" was repeated from 3 sides of the While we were standing, elated with victory, in the centre of the Fort, a volley of musketry was discharged from the windows of one of the large houses containing the main body of the enemy, which induced me to order my whole detachment to load and return the fire. I soon found it necessary to lead the column directly to the house, which being strongly barricaded,
Fort at the same time.
required the aid of the pioneers with their axes. troops could enter, the confusion and conflict erable portion of those
the colors had been struck, to the ground. all
would have been
as the consid-
had fired after the Fort was taken, and was thrown headlong from the 2d story
forfeited their lives
by the usages of war,
not ordered the slaughter to cease.
In less than 10 minutes the garrison were prisoners.
ARMED OCCUPATION OF
98 being secured,
was soon discovered
All things were
detached a party
seen the sun rise more pleasantly. the enemy's works
became necessary to demolish
shipping and their stores
and thus carried across the Island
dry goods were made up
on the prisoners' shoulders,
in bundles, placed
and an immense quantity of various goods,
also burnt up.
of the Fort were brought to bear on her
and she was soon secured. took her.)
that a vessel
the Fort, loaded with stores, wine, rum, sugar, glass,
Having given the command of the detachment
with orders to halt at a given point near the middle of the Island, selected
10 or 12
with Lt. Brewster, and mounted them on
horses taken at the Fort, with which I intended to destroy the King's
This place was nearly half way to at Corum. where a large body of British troops were encamped, E.
magazines of forage the place
an hour and a
vigorous charge upon the guard placed to protect
(say 300 tons of hay) and in about an hour and a half more reached
the place where I had ordered the troops to halt, having rode 15 or
16 miles. As I arrived I was glad to see the head of the detachment under Capt. Edgar advancing with the prisoners. As none of us had halted since we parted, we sat down for nearly an hour and After this we took up our line of march. By this time refreshed. the militia began to muster, but prudently avoided coming near us.
Some guns were
but no damage received.
reached our boats, and before sunset were
on the Sound.
midnight every boat arrived at Fairfield Beach, although
entirely lost sight of each other in the darkness of the night.
was executed entirely without the loss of one man, and only one was badly wounded and him we brought ofF. Thus in 21 hours we marched near 40 miles, took the Fort, burnt the magazines, &c. The enemy's loss was 7 killed and wounded, most of the latter mortally. We took one Lt. Col. Commandant, one Capt., one Lt., one service
Surgeon, and 50 rank and
with a host of others in the garrison
also one garrison standard.
Mr. Muirson was a volunteer, and deserves commendation.
advanced with Lt. Jackson over the
and wall into the
80 Rebels headed by Maj. Talmadge, assisted by
Heathcot Muirson, Benajah Strong, Thos. Jackson, Caleb Brewster, belonging to the same party, formerly
and landed between Wading R. and Old Man's, (suphave been concealed 2 or three days by their old friends on the
in 8 whale-boats
morning, 23d Nov., about 50 marched across
the Island (the remainder being
guard the boats) just after daylight,
arrived at Smith's Point, St. George's Manor, where they surprised a re-
spectable body of loyal refugees from R.
establishing a post to get a present subsistence for themselves
The sentry on observing them, fired, which they returned, and mortally wounded him, and rushed into a house. Mr. Isaac Hart, of N. Port, was inhumanly fired on, wounded and bayoneted in 15 different parts of his body, and beat with their muskets in a shocking manner in the very act of imploring quarter, and died of his wounds a few hours after. Four more refugees were wounded also, but are in fair way of recovery. A poor woman was also fired on at another house and barbarously wounded through both breasts, of which wound she families.
now lingers. The Rebels
carried off about 40 prisoners
their return at
they burnt a magazine of hay, about 100 tons, and same day embarked for the Con't shore.
Culloden, in pursuit of French ships from R.
Monday night, Jan. 22, '81, was Culloden Point.] Her men, guns, and masts,
dreadful storm on [at
driven on L. will be
have the inhuman consolation to hope the French have fared
722. Gaine, Jan. 21, '81.
Address by the
Refugee Volunteers established under Col.
officers of the
his auspices at
previous to his departure for England.
approve his conduct, thank him for his kind endeavors to alleviate their disagreeable situation,
their loyal attachment.
V. D. Poel, B. Dyer, Capt's
and beg him
His Majesty of
Signed by P. V. Alstyn, Maj. Com't; P.
John Huyck, Lts
Gaine, Mar. 12,
M. Pendergrass, Q. M.
party of rebels from Con't in
ARMED OCCUPATION OF
8 whale-boats and an armed schooner, to the amount, as
of 150 men, arrived at S. Hampton, last Monday, plundered the inhabitants of several thousand pounds worth of goods, and carried several of
Gardiner's Bay, set
British fleet, that
N. London, Ap.
Capt. Pierpont, in an armed
whale-boat from N. Haven, was taken by surprise at Canoe Place,
by a party of refugees who lay in ambush 726. Capt. Fitch visited Corum,
most were secreted.
and found a few
took Glover, Ap. 27, '81, on Conn,
727. Valentine Rider, with three boats duly commissioned, land-
ed at Mt. Misery, went into the country and robbed David
Taylor of furniture,
equal to ÂŁ600.
ing the coast, 17 of them landed a second time, and shot at a son of Philip Roe, beat and robbed clothing, cash,
his brother Nath'l of furniture,
broke looking-glass and windows.
Five whale-boats, containing about 50 men,
appearance in the South Bay, where they attacked and
took a sloop loaded with lumber belonging to Messrs. Keteltas
N. Y., which they dispatched with one of
their boats for
few evenings Pt.,
remaining crews, 38 in
and plundered several of the inhabitants of provisions,
and money, to a considerable amount
another small vessel of K.
and carried off
Early next morning, by the exertions of two or three principal sufferers, the militia
were assembled under command of Capt's Rose
and Baker, and marched 10 or 12 miles with cheerfulness, but
ing no prospect of overtaking the plunderers without proceeding 30 miles farther, to a place they
cross, the Capt's declined going.
must of necessity
22 men, however, on promise of
ha\ing their expenses defrayed, and a
persuasion, consented to
continue their march, and after suffering every inconvenience from
a heavy road, and want of sustenance, had the good fortune to over-
SUFFOLK COUNTY. take them, taking their
the Canoe Place, about 2 in the
undiscovered, they immedi-
15 yards distance, and so completely sur-
prised them, as to kill one, mortally ers,
and secured their boats and plunder, with 38 stand of arms, with-
prisoners, under guard,
ordered in their boats, and arrived in N. Y. on Saturday evening,
and are safely lodged
auction, near the ferry stairs,
days since on S. side of L.
prize whale-boats, repair,
taken a few
and well found
&c. 729. May 31, '81, N. London. Some days ago Major Ayres made an excursion from Say brook to L. I., and took 2 vessels near Wading River. After taking some goods out of the vessels they went ashore and as they were cooking provisions under a bank, they were suddenly fired on, when Major A. and one or two of the party were killed. ;
730. June 11, '81. Goods and furniture, equal to £31. 19. 8, were taken from John Bayley of Brookhaven, by Ezekiel Wicks, Jacob Conklin, Benj. Nicoll and others; from Dan'l Downs, equal to £4. 2 from Capt. Wm. Brewster, equal to £68. 12. 6. ;
731. Before June 12, '81.
Martin took goods from L.
Geo. Smith, of Hartford, took corduroys, calicoes,
Eben'r Ayres, of Stamford, took goods at