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The Official Publication of Lake Mainit Development Alliance ISSUE NO. 6

JANUARY – JUNE 2009

Featured Cover Photo

Spearfishing boy and his catch This boy catches fish at Lake Mainit in simply sustainable wa y. LMDA encourages this kind of sustainable fishing to reduce the gradual extinction of fish and other natural resources in Lake Mainit.

2

Training on Sustainable Fisheries

1 Lake Mainit ‘s pijanga under threat?

4 Lake Mainit Aquatic Resources

6 5 Coco coir at Paco, Mainit, S.D.N

PACAP Project Assessment


INSIDE THIS ISSUE MSU Naawan Completes Comprehensive Resource Assessment of Lake Mainit

3

Aquatic Resources in Lake Mainit

4

PCFMPC Launches its Coco Coir & Peat Production

5

LMDA-FMC conducts PACAP Project Assessment

6

PACAP Project Photos

7

Issue No. 6

January-June 2009

EDITORIAL STAFF KAISER B. RECABO, JR Editor OMAR C. BARILLO Assistant Editor

JOHNY S. NATAD Lay-out Design

JONATHAN M. NATONIO Finance/Circulation

GILBERT P. LEOPOLDO Production/Databank

CONTRIBUTOR VICTORIA ROWENA D. YUMOL

Published by Lake Mainit Development Alliance—PMO and Lake Mainit FOCAS Management Committee with funding support from the Philippines-Australia Community Assistance Program (PACAP) The Lake Mainit Chronicle welcomes any suggestions, commentaries, development updates and information especially those which concern advocacy, protection and preservation of Lake Mainit ecosystem and its watershed. Kindly send it to the Lake Mainit Development Alliance, Program Management Office, Kitcharao, Agusan del Norte. You may also send them to our official e-mail address at lakemainit_lmda@yahoo.com.ph or at lake.mainit.lmda@gmail.com. The chronicle will be posted at http://lmda.wordpress.com. The Editorial staff reserve the right to edit any submitted articles for clarity and space. ۩

Is Lake Mainit’s Pijanga under threat? By: Johny S. Natad

P

ijanga, local name for freshwater white goby is the major fish specie in Lake Mainit. However, the latest report shows that pijanga size is reduced. Is pijanga now in danger? Lake Mainit has been identified to have rich biodiversity particularly on aquatic resources. The Foundation for the Philippine Environment (FPE) who assessed Lake Mainit biodiversity through the Lake Mainit Community-Based Biodiversity Conservation and Sustainable Development project affirms that the Lake Mainit is the habitat of rare and endemic species. According to the latest study on the Sustainable Fisheries Management Program (SFMP) for Lake Mainit conducted by the MSU-Naawan Foundation for Science and Technology, Inc. researchers from November 2007 to September 2008, it was found out that there were 41 species of finfish of which 14 species are freshwater fish while the rest are migratory; 5 crustaceans; 10 mollusk; and 15 aquatic plants. And out of 41 kinds of finfish species, the freshwater white goby, locally known as pijanga, pidjanga or pedianga is commonly identified from the catches in Lake Mainit area. Continue Page 3 “Lake Mainit Pijanga” 1


JANUARY – JUNE 2009

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LMDA Organizes Training on Sustainable Fisheries Management By: Gilbert P. Leopoldo

T

he Lake Mainit Development Alliance (LMDA) organized 5day Training on Sustainable Fisheries Management in the Context of Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries on June 1519, 2009 at Balanghai Hotel and Convention Center, Butuan City. Said training was funded by Department of Agrarian Reform International Fund for Agricultural Development Northern Mindanao Community Initiatives Resource Management Program (DAR/IFADNMCIREMP) through the Sustainable Fishery Program for Lake Mainit Phase II in collaboration with Philippine Council for Aquatic The participants and resource person of the recent training on SFM-CCRF and Marine Research and Development (PCAMRD) and MSU-Naawan Foundation for Science & Technology Development, Inc. Mr. Isidoro Lagahit, the NMCIREMP NRM Specialist facilitated the open forum after the Final Report Engr. Kaiser Recabo, Jr, the LMDA Program presentation. Director opened the program. Dir. Antonio B. Menor of DAR/IFAD-NMCIREMP delivered welcome message to Municipal Agriculturists and Fishery Technicians from the participants. The first day of the training devoted for 6 LGUs in Lake Mainit, representatives from Provincial the Final Report Presentation and action planning on Fishery Office, BFAR, DENR and included also are Sustainable Fishery Program for Lake Mainit on June 15, representatives from Lanuza Bay Development Alliance 2009. The expected participants of the Final Report (LBDA) were the major participants throughout the Presentation and Action Planning were the Provincial training course which adopts the Training Manual on Agriculturist Officer of Agusan del Norte and Surigao del Sustainable Fisheries Management in the Context of the Norte, Chief of Capture Fisheries Division of BFAR-13, Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries (SFM-CCRF). the LMDA, Municipal Mayors and Sangguniang Bayan Cesario Pagdilao, the Deputy Director of Philippine Members of six (6) municipalities, Coastal Resource Council for Aquatic and Marine Research and Officer and Municipal Agriculturist. Dr. Asuncion B. de Development (PCAMRD) and Dr. de Guzman were the Guzman, Project Leader of MSU-Naawan Foundation for principal resource speakers of the training course Science and Technology, Inc. presented the Final Report. presenting the following modules: Module 1- Scenarios & Issues on the State of Fisheries Resources” Module 2- Relevance of CCRF to Sustainable Fisheries Management” Module 3- National and Local Adaptation of CCRF in the Philippines” Module 4- Sustainable Fisheries Management” Module 5- Integration of SFM to Coastal Resource Management” The training highlighted with the presentation of the modules, workshops, discussion and open forums. The activity culminated with the training course evaluation conducted by Ms. Maan Acedera of PCAMRD and distribution of the Certificate of Completion to the participants on June 19, 2009. ۩

Participants of the training on their group workshop

This article was also published at LMDA weblogs: • http://lmda.wordpress.com • http://lmda.blogspot.com 2


JANUARY – JUNE 2009

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MSU Naawan completes Comprehensive Resource Assessment of Lake Mainit

A

s part of the Phase II of Sustainable Fisheries Management Program (SFMP) for Lake Mainit, the Mindanao State University (MSU) Naawan Foundation for Science and Technology Development, Inc. successfully completed the Comprehensive Resource Assessment of Lake Mainit. The Comprehensive Resource Assessment was successfully conducted in February–July 2008 through ocular survey, actual field collections, interviews with the fisherfolk and surveys to the local markets. The report shows that based on the 28 monitored landing areas, it yields an estimated annual fish production of 620.0 tons, which is only about 4.1% of the 1980-1981 yields (15,108 tons) reported by Paul et. al (1990). A total of 41 species of fish, 5 crustaceans, 10 mollusks and 15 species of aquatic plants have

been identified in the present survey. Lake Mainit and Kalinawan River are distinct ecosystems in terms of fisheries and vegetation. Pijanga or freshwater white goby is predominant in lake while lampohon is prevalent in the Kalinawan River. The lake is dominated by submerged plants such as lusay and dugman while the river is dominated by the floating plants (water lilies). The report also describe that the fishing gears used are also unique in both ecosystems. The complete details of the Comprehensive Resource Assessment is published at http://lmda.wordpress.com/research/. The SFMP Phase II is funded by IFAD/DARNorthern Mindanao Community Initiatives and Resource Management Project (NMCIREMP) and Lake Mainit Development Alliance with a total amount of Php 1,800,313.00. ۩ jsn

Melania sp (suso) Corbicula sp. (bibe)

Kumong

Anodontia woodiana (Taiwan shell)

Viviparia angularis (ige)

Pomacea canaliculata (kuhol)

Lake Mainit’s Pijanga (continue from Page 1)

Deep water (top) and shallow (down) Pijianga from Lake (Source: SFMP)

water Mainit

Freshwater White goby (Glossogobius giuris) or pijanga belongs to Family Gobiidae. It is one of the native endemic fish species found in Lake Mainit. Accordingly, pijanga is characterized by having fused ventral fins which is used functionally to anchor on substrates. There are two identified Lake Mainit others types of pijanga: the deep water Olang 7.3% pijanga and the shallow water pijanga Bugwan3.4% based on the characteristic of its 4.2% habitat. The SFMP inception report Carpa said that pijanga is found in littoral 5.5% Pijanga Luyab and limnetic zones. Galicia and Lopez 51.4% 10.6% in 2000 reported that pijanga size ranged from 25 to 305 mm. but SFMP reported that pijanga now only ranges Tilapia from 57 to 242 mm. 17.7%

The reduction of the pijanga size is quite alarming. What the next finding Relative abundance of major finfish would reveal might be the reduction of pijanga catches. The continuous species in Lake Mainit (Source: SFMP) illegal catching of sagoyun (fingerlings of pijanga) and over fishing using “baling” (seine) are some of the many reasons of the gradual and continuous declining of pijanga size. This indicates that pijanga might be disappearing in the next generations if unsustainable fishing practices cannot be avoided. ۩ 3


ISSUE NO. 6

Page 4

Other Fishes (some are found at Kalinawan River) Local Name Common / Species Name 1. Agok-ok; Pantat; Hito 2. Aha-an 3. Aso-os 4. Bangkok 5. Bangus 6. BAnak, Bayanak 7. Bilbigan 8. Bod-bod/ salmoyete 9. Bogok 10. Bugaong 11. Bul-a 12. Buras 13. Danggit 14. Durod 15. Gabot

A. PIJANGA (White Goby, Glossogobius giuris) B. BUGWAN (Goby, Hypseleotris agilis) C. TILAPIA(Nile Tilapia, Oreochromis nilotica) D. CARPA (Common Carp, Cyprinus carpio) E. HALUAN (Chevron snakehead,Channa striata) F. GISAW (Long-Arm Mullet, Valamugil cunnessius G. KASILI (Eel, Anguilla sp.) H. BOLINAO (Priapium fish, Neostethus thessa)

16. Gingaw 17. Ibis 18. Ibis 19. Ibis pangan A.

WATER NYMP

B.

COONTAIL, HORNWOOT

C.

DUCK LETTUCE

D.

EEL GRASS OR TAPE GRASS (LUSAY)

E.

EEL GRASS ROSETTE TYPE (LUSAY)

F.

HYDRILLA (DUGMAN)

G.

LOTUS LILY, SACRED LOTUS (PAGUSI)

20. Kikilo 21. Lampohon 22. Langub

Native catfish/ Clarias sp Snapper/ Lutjanus sp Common whiting/ Sillago sihama Thai catfish/ Clarias batrachus Milkfish/ Chanos chanos Flathead mullet, Mugil cephalus Emperor red snapper/ Lutjanus sebae Goatfish/ Upeneus sp Caranx/ Caranx sp 2 Convex-lined therapon/ Therapon jarbua Goby/ Glossogobius sp. Rabbit fish/ Siganus punctatus Rabbit fish/ Siganus sp Snakehead gudgeon/ Ophiocara aporos Spotted barb/ Puntius binotatus Red snapper/ Lutjanus argentimaculatus Glassfish / Ambassis sp Glassfish / Ambassis sp Glassfish/ Ambassis commersonii Spotted scat/ Scatophagus argus Mullet/ Mugil sp Trevally/ Caranx sp 1

23. Latab

Spotted mojarras/ Gerres filamentosus

24. Laya

Giant sea perch/ Lates calcarifer Mosambique Tilapia / Oreochromis mossambica

25. Lipunan 26. Mawalay; Sap-sap

Common slipmouth/ Leiognathus equulus

27. Mole

Anchovy/ Engraulis sp

28. Pigok

Cross-barred grunt/ Mesopristis cancellatus Goby/ Glossogobius celebius

H.

RED LOTUS

I.

WATER HYACINTH (WATER LILIES)

29. Pijanga; Pedianga 30. Pot-pot

Slipmouth/ Leiognathus sp

J.

WATER LETTUCE

31. Puyo; Bakang

Gourami/ Anabas testudineus

K.

POND FERN

32. Samin-samin

Caranx/ Ulua mentalis

L.

WATER SPINACH (KANGKONG)

M.

NEPTUNIA

N.

UNIDENTIFIED

33. Suloy-suloy

Halfbeak/ Hemiramphus sp

Bakoko Bungusan Subok

Unidentified Unidentified Unidentified

Anga; Bunog

Unidentified

Source: SFMP Phase II: Comprehensive Resource Assessment Final Report, June 2009 4


ISSUE NO. 6

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PCFMPC Launches its Coco Fiber and Peat Production By: Rowena Victoria D. Yumol, Executive Director

O

nce more the Paco Coconut Farmers Multi-Purpose Cooperative (PCFMPC) has taken the next steps in modeling a strategy for sustainable upland development through the establishment of a decorticating machine which will help in their solid waste management program and earn incomes for the coop as well. This is a component of the Philippines-Australia Community Assistance Program (PACAP) assisted project “Increasing Upland Farmers’ Competencies for Sustainable Livelihood” which is implemented by Kasanyangan Rural Development Foundation, Inc. (KRDFI) under the FOCAS Management Committee facilitated by the Stakeholders of PCFMPC, LGU, KRDFI and LMDA during the project Lake Mainit Development Alliance (LMDA). launching on coco coir & peat production. This component has a twin target of earning incomes and contributing to the health of the environment by reducing solid wastes. It targets to assist the coop earn Php 23, 400 per 2-month cycle; and reduce coco husks wastes by 312,000 per 2-month cycle.

Having completed the preparations, the members of PCFMPC and the LGU invited the resident minister of the United Church of Christ in the Philippines, Rev. Fe Onde, to officiate the blessing rites of the decorticating machine and multi-purpose building on The fabricated coco coir machine established at PCFMPC March 31, 2009. The occasion was graced by LMDA Director and PACAP FOCAS The decorticating machine was installed in the Secretariat Chairperson, Engr. Kaiser B. Recabo, Jr., multi-purpose building of PCFMPC and has made trial and members of the Barangay LGU. runs using the coconut husks gathered by the members. The machine has the capacity to decorticate 11,000 The machine was fabricated by Regwill husks in an 8-hour shift with a single pass. The fibers Industries Inc. Mr. Ramon Barbosa, OIC of the produced in the trial run were of good quality. Philippine Coconut Authority of Agusan del Sur assisted Operations will officially start on the first day of April to KRDFI in contacting Regwill Industries Inc. The package give time for the foundation or base area on which the consists of one decorticating machine (capacity: 11,000 machine was set to completely harden and become husks per day, single pass) one unit 4DR5 engine with strong enough to stand the vibrations of the machine. .۩ transmission and radiator and uses diesel fuel, one sieving machine powered by ½ hp electric motor. It (published at http://lmda.wordpress.com) included transport and installation of the unit in the area.

The coconut husks

Women of PCFMPC separate fine coco fiber

The coco dust 5


JANUARY – JUNE 2009

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LMDA-FMC conducts PACAP project field assessment

E

ight community-based projects funded by Philippines-Australia Community Assistance Program (PACAP) is about to complete its project implementation by June or August 2009. In order to achieve a feasible exit strategy and sustainability mechanism, the Lake Mainit FOCAS Management Committee (FMC) conducted a final project field assessment to all Focal Community Assistance Scheme (FOCAS) in Lake Mainit cluster on April 1-30, 2009. The activity mainly aims to monitor, evaluate and assess the FOCAS project implementation, assess the maturity level of PO and determine the exit strategy and sustainability mechanism at the PO level. Using Organizational Maturity Evaluation (OME) tool, a focus group discussion and key FMC team (right) conducts focus group discussion with informants interview were the methodologies applied in the members of the PCFMPC (left) during the project field the conduct of project assessment to each partner assessment on April 14, 2009, Paco, Mainit, S.D.N People’s Organization (PO). Among the partner PO undergoing OME for the project assessment were the following: 1. San Isidro Upland Farmers Multipurpose Cooperative (SIUFMULCO) 2. Bobonaon Farmers Multipurpose Cooperative (BFMPC) 3. Paco Coconut Farmer Multipurpose Cooperative (PCFMCP) 4. Binga Farmer Multipurpose Cooperative (BIFAMCO) 5. Budlingin Multipurpose Cooperative 6. Cuyago Farmers Association (CUFA) 7. Bangonay Developer’s Farmers Association (BANDFA) 8. San Roque Multipurpose Cooperative (SAROMCO) 9. Marga Farmers Irrigators Association (MAFIA) 10. Canaway Farmers & Fisherfolk Association (CAFFA) 11. Capayahan Agrarian Beneficiaries Organization OME-FGD to CAFFA, Canaway, Kitcharao, Agusan del (CABO) Norte 12. San Isidro Lihok sa Kalambuan, Inc. (SILKA) 13. Sison Hungos Multipurpose Cooperative (SIHUMCO) 14. Dayano Farmers Association (DFA) 15. Tapian Developers Association (TADEAS) 16. Tagbuyawan Lakeshore Association (TLA) and 17. Camp Eduard Multipurpose Cooperative ۩ jsn

OME-FGD to BANDFA, Bangonay, Jabonga, Agusan del Norte

OME-FGD to DFA, Dayano, Mainit, Surigao del Norte

OME-FGD to CABO, Capayahan, Surigao del Norte

Tubod,

6


Copra buying of a Production Collective in San Isidro, Tubod, S.D.N

Hog raising project at Kitcharao & Jabonga, Agusan del Norte

Project Coordinator Omar Barillo measures the height of 8 months old lacatan of Bobonanon, Mainit, S.D.N Nursery abaca seedling Stocked Abaca fiber ready for delivery of SIUFMULCO at San Isidro, Santiago, A.D.N

Ms. Hernandez visits the Falcata trees at Tagbayani, Sison, S.D.N

Workshop discussion during the Multi Stakeholder Meeting last May 19, 2009

An EFASS Community Nursery in Tubod, S.D.N

FMC Secretariat and AADC at SBKitcharao last May 22, 2009

43rd Lake Mainit FMC Meeting last June 5, 2009 held at Mainit, S.D.N 7

The Lak Mainit Chronicle (January June 2009)  

Official Publication of Lake Mainit Development Alliance

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