!"#$%&' ()**' +%&,"-*' .#/%"' 0,-,)#& '
The University of Sydney Architecture and Enterprise Projects for the Broken Hill Film Studio The Faculty of Architecture, Design & Planning & the Business School
!"#$%&' ()**' +%&,"-*' .#/%"' 0,-,)#& ' The publication of this book has been aided by the University of Sydney: Faculty of Architecture, Design and Planning, the Business School and the Broken Hill City Council. Copyright 2012 by the University of Sydney All rights reserved, no part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted, in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without the prior written permission. All images and diagrams are the original works of students. Grpahic Design: Lilian Tuohy Main Editing Team: Kevin Liu Lilian Tuohy Main Shuang Wu With additional help from: Michael Tawa Richard Seymour Megan Donnelley
The University of Sydney Architecture and Enterprise Projects for the Broken Hill Film Studio The Faculty of Architecture, Design & Planning & the Business School
WE WISH TO ACKNOWLEDGE THE TRADITIONAL CUSTODIANS OF THE LAND ON WHICH THIS PROJECT TOOK PLACE, THE BARKINJI PEOPLE. WE ALSO WISH TO PAY RESPECT TO THE ELDERS BOTH PAST AND PRESENT.
BACKGROUND TO PROJECT
ART SPACE BROKEN HILL
MINERAL AND MINING CULTURAL CENTRE
456'7&,"#89:,)#& F R O M P R O F E S S O R M I C H A E L TAWA & D R R I C H A R D S E Y M O U R
This project was supported by the The University of Sydney's Strategic Teaching Enhancement
students’ creativity and analyses. Our visit was enriched by the many generous locals we met, and
Projects, and involved faculty and students from The Faculty of Architecture, Design and Planning
we are grateful for your contribution to the success of the unit of study. On reflection our two weeks
and The Innovation & Enterprise Program at the Business School. The project was first conceptualised
in Broken Hill were too short, and so we look forward to deepening our involvement with ongoing
in 2010, when we met and worked together in Alice Springs.
project work. We hope that our learning will continue to support your local visions for growth and renewal.
We knew that there were a rich vein of potential projects that could be mined by combining our skills in design and architecture with business and entrepreneurship. Michael was seeking to challenge
Thanks go to the 22 architecture and business students who played the major part in the success of
his students to be actively engaged with community needs and opportunities. Similarly, Richard
this project. You have exciting careers ahead of you, and we wish you all the best of luck in the future.
was seeking to challenge his students to be deeply embedded in the context of entrepreneurship,
Special thanks also to the people who pulled this together, including Debra Jones & UDRH Broken
and expose them to the complexities and realities of new business development. We wanted to
Hill, Andrea and Lydall Roberts & Broken Hill City Council, and Megan Donnelley & Remote and Rural
provide our cohorts the opportunity deliver practical and valuable contributions to communities and
Enterprise. We also gratefully acknowledge the generous support from The University of Sydney’s
businesses (be they commercial or social enterprises). But above all, we were both keen to ensure our
Strategic Teaching Enhancement Projects and the Broken Hill City Council. Finally, thank you Kevin
students were jointly engaged with problem-based learning, knowing it would provide a rich and
Liu, Lilian Tuohy Main, and Shuang Wu from The Faculty of Architecture, Design and Planning for your
safe environment in which our students could develop their functional knowledge (such as design,
work to document the project outcomes.
finance and marketing), social skills (including communication and negotiation) as well as their personal attributes and dispositions (such as social awareness, curiosity, passion for excellence etc.).
We look forward to our next collaboration.
This collaborative project delivered the opportunity to do all of the above. More importantly, it also
Professor Michael Tawa, Lecturer in Architecture: History and Theory
provided a wonderful opportunity for us to learn together. In essence, it allowed us to combine the
Dr Richard Seymour, Program Director Innovation & Enterprise,
entrepreneurial understandings of exchange with the architectural understandings of space. Our
The University of Sydney Business School
students were required to better understand the architectural approaches to design and development, as well as the entrepreneurial approaches to business development. They also witnessed how these approaches must combine if we are to realise change. Having teams of architecture and business students working together was not without its challenges. Fortunately these problems were minor, perhaps because there was so little opportunity for ‘groupthink’ and so much demand to share the different ‘ways of seeing’ the problem before us. We all benefitted from the tensions between expansive thinking and practical constraints. Though we were working to tight deadlines and were limited by available resources, we consider the four design master plans and four business plans delivered to our client (The Broken Hill City Council) to be of high quality. From this short publication we hope that you will enjoy exploring some of the
Students gather around for a group photo outside the Civic Centre, July 2012
454'7&,"#89:,)#& A P E R S P E C T I V E F R O M B R O K E N H I L L C I T Y CO U N C I L
The mission for the students was to deliver sustainable and integrated business and architectural plans for Broken Hill Studios; a captivating 2.5 hectare precinct set to become an economic and creative hub, pivotal to the future of Broken Hill. Building on existing plans and data the students took care of the vision that this community has defined for the site. They heard the local stories and delivered outcomes that were entrepreneurial, enterprising and innovative. Outcomes anchored in our core brand values to be awe-inspiring, humanistic, open, original and fearless. Importantly, their fresh and creative vision resonated with this precinct, which speaks of unlimited potential and is so physically defined by its historic infrastructure set against the Line of Lode. This ambitious project is the first tangible realisation of the Memorandum of Understanding signed between Broken Hill City Council and the University of Sydney. The project outcomes will continue to be of value as we attract increasing interest in the site. Andrea Roberts Manager Economic Development Broken Hill City Council [BHCC]
45<'7&,"#89:,)#& RARE REFLECTIONS ON BROKEN HILL
The Remote and Rural Enterprise (RARE) Program facilitates two-way learning experiences for postgraduate students at The University of Sydney. It aims to support entrepreneurship teaching and learning in a way that also benefits remote and rural enterprises and their communities. Entrepreneurship is a powerful vehicle for generating change and value (whether that be pecuniary, social, cultural or environmental). It is empowering, for both students and communities, and has the potential to address many of the challenges in remote and rural Australia. Entrepreneurial learning does, however, require additional support and collaboration, and cannot be learnt through traditional classroom methods of teaching. Since 2011, RARE has facilitated scores of visits to allow students to experience first-hand the challenges and opportunities facing remote and rural Australia, and to ensure they can contribute to the sustainable development of local enterprise initiatives. RARE and her supporters provide the additional resources, know-how and structures to ensure student engagements are valued by remote and rural enterprises. This multidisciplinary cohort was RAREâ€™s largest engagement (our typical engagement sees teams of two students working with local enterprises). As such, it posed many challenges for both students and the Broken Hill community. We embraced this as a fantastic learning opportunity for the Program, gaining experience and insights into the coordination, planning, and support required by a larger multidisciplinary cohort. The overall success of the engagement was ensured by the high calibre of the students selected, the experience in community-engaged teaching held by Prof Tawa and Dr Seymour, and the vision, flexibility and support offered by the Broken Hill City Council. I would like to thank everyone who made this project a success, and hope that this will be the first of many â€˜large scaleâ€™ cross-disciplinary projects. I am pleased that RARE could play its part in this communities of learning, and look forward to our ongoing engagements with enterprises and communities in the region, and with multiple faculties across the university. Megan Donnelley Remote and Rural Enterprise Program Coordinator USYD Business School
<56'!-:$2"#9&8 B A C K G R O U N D TO P R O J E C T
The Broken Hill Film Studio project was set up in 2012 between the Broken Hill City Council, the Faculty of Architecture, Design and Planning and the Business School of The University of Sydney. It forms part of a wider institutional engagement in the region by The University - in particular through the work of The Broken Hill University Department of Rural Health; but now extending by way of a recently signed Memorandum of Understanding between the University and Broken Hill City Council to develop engagement and research projects of mutual benefit. The project was supported by the The University of Sydney's Strategic Teaching Enhancement Projects. The aim of the project was to explore design options and feasibility studies for adaptively reusing the obsolete Line of Lode power station and site in south Broken Hill. The intention was to reuse the site, but also to generate new business activity on that site. For the Faculty of Architecture, Design and Planning and the Business School, the project offered an opportunity to establish a new, crossdisciplinary educational setting for community engaged, real-world, problem-based learning that is rare in mainstream architectural and business education. These two objectives â€“ pedagogical and professional â€“ provided the framework for the project, whose key objective was to investigate ways of building financial, vocational and regional capacity through the proposed Broken Hill Film Studio. Architecture and Business students were organized into collaborative groups of four to undertake the project. After two short orientation sessions at in Sydney, students spent ten days in the Silver City and worked intensively to investigate, test and make propositions based on the Councilâ€™s brief. Several consultations with individual and groups enabled students to appreciate in detail the design, site, social, vocational, touristic and economic contexts for the project. Students mapped and surveyed the site and buildings, spoke to local educators, artists and indigenous representatives and visited numerous key tourist sites and museums. Students developed and collectively applied their disciplinary skills in architecture and business to address the brief. Each group prepared an architectural design master plan for the site and a business plan for one of the four key components of the Broken Hill Film Museum: a film studio, an outback film museum, a minerals museum and an educational and artists in residence facility. Four themes guided the work: sustainability, education, arts, and indigenous culture. Students presented their interim and final projects directly to the Broken Hill City Council and a panel of industry experts, receiving direct feedback. This book is a record of the four master plans and business plans produced by the students.
B A C K G R O U N D TO P R O J E C T ( CO N T. )
B A C K G R O U N D TO B R O K E N H I L L
We trust that the designs documented provide Broken Hill City Council with tangible visualisations and projections of what the site could look; how it might be organized; how it might function; how it might reach out into the community and create an inclusive facility for all; and how it might contribute
to capacity building across the region. Though the business plans associated with the film studio, art space, mineral and mining museum and film tourism are not presented in detail, we are confident that the work delivered to the Broken Hill City Council can be shared with future enterprises to create significant value for those businesses and the community. We hope this project will capitalise on the rich history and landscape of Broken Hill, and look forward to developing the ideas presented in this manuscript. Broken Hill is a remote mining town on the border of New South Wales and South Australia; approximately six hours drive from Adelaide and 14 hours from Sydney. The first mine, Broken Hill Proprietary (now known as BHP Billiton) was established in Broken Hill in 1885 and helped catapult the region to the forefront of the mining industry. During the 1950s, the Broken Hill mining industry employed 6500 people and contributed to significant wealth of its residents. It is this very heritage that has made the town famous for being the birthplace of the Australian mining industry. Broken Hill now boasts a population of approximately 20,000, 35% of which are over 55 years of age. This ageing population has given Broken Hill its reputation of a retirement town, where 40% of the population receives government benefits including pension, newstart allowance, parenting payments and youth allowances. The dilapidated power station on Broken Hillâ€™s south side presents a unique opportunity to transform the town into an extraordinary cultural and educational precinct for both tourists and locals. Approximately 12,390m2 in area, the enormous site is only 1.5kms from the city centre and is adjacent to the historic Line of Lode. The location of Broken Hill in presents a few geographical issues for the site and the council. The logistics of materials and access to specialised labour to such a remote destination is restricted. At the same time, Broken Hill's isolation contributes to its identity and makes it unique in an increasingly globalised society.
<5<'0),%'F&-*G1)1 AN OVERVIEW OF THE SITE
The location of Broken Hill presents numerous challenges for the design and entrepreneurial objectives of the project. Some of these challenges include: Remoteness 1200km to Sydney, 510km to Adelaide and 849km to Melbourne. The distance and central locality of Broken Hill to key urban centres raises numerous considerations: + Centrally located, meaning Broken Hill can function as a ‘hub’ between
Figure 1: Site Access
states and cities. + Broken Hill’s isolation is a major component of what makes it unique. In an increasingly globalized society, maintaining uniqueness is increasingly a priority. + The supply of materials to the site is more expensive. + Access to specialised labour and construction services is limited and must compete with local mining operations. The Landscape of Outback Australia + The harsh climate of the landscape will affect the durability of building materials. + This should be taken into consideration when making choices about the materials
Figure 2: Sun Analysis
to be used throughout the project. + The dramatic light conditions of Broken Hill should be utilised in the organisation and orientation of existing spaces and architectural interventions. + Access to water is another consideration. Implementing appropriate landscaping and conserving and storing water directly on site should be made priority. The implementation of sustainable water conservation strategies should occur early on in site development.
Figure 3: WInd Analysis
<5='0),%'F&-*G1)1 A CITY DIVIDED
Within the context of Broken Hill there is a distinct disconnection between the Northern and Southern sides of the city. This divide may be attributed to: 1. Geographical Divide The Line of Lode creates a topographic divide between the two sides of the city. This also disconnects the site visually.
1 2. Cultural Imbalance The majority of cultural organisations (museums, art galleries, cafes etc.) are located on the Northern side of the city. 3. Insufficient Transport Linkages - Buses: Buses travel to the Southern side infrequently and along a single route. (This route does not pass or stop anywhere near the CPS site.) - Pedestrian: Distances between relevant parts of the city are too far to cover by foot. - Vehicle: There are only singular roads coming around to the Southern side 4. Tourism Imbalance All tourist facilities are located on the Northern side of the city. Currently there is no primary attraction to bring tourists to the Southern side of Broken Hill. 5. Health Concerns Prevailing Southerly winds mean the Southern side of the city is more directly affected by the
pollution generated from the operating mine.
BROKEN HILL REGIONAL ART GALLERY
BROKEN HILL ART EXCHANGE MUSEUMS
PRIVATE ART GALLERIES
=56'."#H%:,'?BA A R T S PA C E B R O K E N H I L L
Art Space Broken Hill focuses specifically on the use of the buildings on the site as the new campus for ART SPACE: Broken Hill, The Broken Hill Film Studios and the Broken Hill Museum of Heritage. The project takes inspiration from a number of international art and cultural precincts which have been instrumental in transforming the cities and communities they have been a part of. This summary outlines the process in which this master plan was developed. The project goals were informed by meetings with people actively involved in the art community of Broken Hill, people engaged in education at the local schools, the staff at the Broken Hill Regional Art Gallery and finally those who operate the private galleries that are so characteristic of the Broken Hill Art Community. An important part of the research process involved the study of numerous international art communities, which provided examples of where art and cultural precincts have had a positive impact on the local community around it. This has some bearing on the architectural response of the master plan as they provided clues and precedents which were then used to help define a brief that would later be developed on in the master plan. Following on from that was an analysis of the unique urban character of the site and places the project in the context of Broken Hill in terms of social, economical and architectural issues. Due to the rural and distant nature of the site, these were important in developing an appropriate response. The three prevailing themes of the project can be summarised as thus: concentration of spaces, programmatic flexibility, and sensitivity as a response to heritage. The proposal is broken up into three precincts which are then each broken up into 3 construction stages.
THE ART PRECINCT TEAM Architecture Students: Yuliya Chistyakova, Kevin Liu, Lilian Tuohy Main Business Students: Tom Tramby, George Hokhlov
Fig 1. Rendered impression of internal art space. Station A as an artists incubator.
=54'."#H%:,'!")%I DEFINING A BRIEF FOR THE CPS
Broken Hill City Council’s overarching objectives are clearly stated in their call for expressions of interest in the Broken Hill Film Studios and other investment related opportunities. “BHCC’s overarching objective is to utilise the Broken Hill Studios in an economically and socially productive manner. This will be done by attracting appropriate interest and investment in the further development, management and operations of the precinct.” BHCC Expressions of Interest Document
4 < =
Foster local, national and international talent while utilising Broken Hill’s unique desert, mining and rural character. Provide a physical location for the collaboration of different disciplines of creative practice. With the inclusion of an on site art library and Indigenous archive, we aim to promote education and research in the arts with an emphasis on conserving and preserving Broken Hill's natural and cultural heritage.
4 < =
Continue the redevelopment and rejuvenation of the Broken Hill Studios and precinct site. Provide economic and wider follow-on social benefits to Broken Hill, its community and the wider region. Be integrated and coordinated with broader efforts and related opportunities to continue to promote Broken Hill as a thriving tourist and cultural destination, drawing on the area’s unique heritage and environment.
!"#$%&'()*$+,&A R T S S PA C E B R O K E N H I L L
PRECINCT 3 Broken Hill Museum of Heritage
PRECINCT 2 Broken Hill Film Studio
PRECINCT 1 Art Space Broken Hill
!"!$./'0-)''$+*121'&, F I N D I N G F E A S I B L E S T R AT E G I E S
Our business plan explores the commercial feasibility of the proposed Broken Hill Art Space (BHAS) as a development within the Broken Hill Central Power Station (CPS) Site. Broken Hill is a highly cultured town with a wide variety of artistic opportunities and unique landscapes. The art scene in Broken Hill is healthy, with the town boasting more galleries than pubs. Broken Hill has a rich art making history with strong links with prominent Australian artists such as Pro Hart, Julie Hart, Howard Steer and the members of the Brushmen of the Bush. Broken Hill also has an existing art exchange program and the region also boasts several existing art retreat programs through initiatives with UNSW at Fowlers Gap. The rationale behind the facilities at the proposed BHAS is the generation of an environment where everything that is needed can be conveniently located on site. The key value proposition is that of convenience, so the artists are able to concentrate on their work. The vision is to combine rural getaway accommodation with art education workshops to create a unique space where artists can live, relax, work and finally exhibit their works. The main market segment for the proposition is made up of students. We have also proposed a scheme of governance to account for the management of the precinct's facilities and activities. A scheme of governance is highly important in making sure such a complex precinct runs well and is sufficiently financed.
MUSEUM OF HERITAGE
Fig 1: Site Governance Structure (BHAS= Broken Hill Art Space)
PUBLIC ARTS PROGRAM
EDUATION & OUTREACH
2 WEEK COURSE
Fig 2: BHAS Governance Structure & Programs
=5E'F":J),%:,9"%'0,"-,%2)%1 SMALL APPROACHES / BIG IDEAS Typical 6 bed student dorm Each bay in the annex will be converted to 6 bed dorms for student accommodation. The existing Concrete rooms which previously housed cooled air will be converted into a bathroom and provide shower and toilet facilities to each bay. The existing steel ladders will be retained for access to the concrete roof above for additional workspaces. A short verandah with stair access to the gardens in front is also provided. External blinds are used during the summer months to reduce solar heat gain during the day. Otherwise during winter, the expanse of glass provides warmth and sunlight during the colder months.
CONCENTRATED SPACES A SUSTAINABLE APPROACH TO THE CPS SITE
It is evident that resources, both economic and environmental are limited. By 'concentrating’ spatial elements, internally and externally, the site can be developed and function in a sustainable manner. Strategies of Concentration include: 1. Concentrated Landscaping: Remediation of the heavily polluted site will be a costly and time consuming procedure, therefore this requires a targeted architectural response. If emphasis is placed on smaller areas that are then developed to a higher quality, the overwhelming task of total site remediation is diminished. The Inujima Art Project in Japan provides an example of how remediation has been achieved through architectural intervention. By restricting the amount of land dedicated to landscaping and using only native, arid-landscape appropriate vegetation, water can also be conserved. 2. Limiting the number of new architectural interventions: Rather than designing new elements for the site, the strategy is to ‘work into’ the existing buildings. This saves both on material and construction costs while also preserving the strong character of the site. 3. Incorporating internal ‘hubs’ in the internal spaces of buildings:
Typical artist studio / residence The remaining 4 bays will then be converted into self sustaining artists residences. Studio accommodation is provided within the concrete rooms.
The site's overwhelming scale places its vitality at risk. If activity is distributed throughout the entire site, the energetic atmosphere of spaces would be threatened. For this reason internal ‘hubs’ have been designed to concentrate people and activity in smaller spaces that function at a more human scale.
Workspaces in the basement are also included for artists to use during the day or at night.
=5K'F":J),%:,9"-*'0,"-,%2)%1 V E H I C L E A N D A CC E S S S T R AT E G I E S
ACCOMMODATION PARKING HEAVY GOODS ACCESS
> Drop off area for coaches and buses for large groups. Additional turning circle for large vehicles to turn out of the site.
> A route for heavy trucks is provided that runs along the rear of Station A, B & C. This allows heavy machinery, sets, exhibitions and artworks to be moved around and shared between the three precincts. This access way can be shut down when required for privacy.
Gate to Film Studio > Gate to the film studio precinct. Allows the precinct to be shut down to cars and pedestrians during productions.
> To Fowlers Gap
ADDITIONAL PARKING > Additional parking would be added to the site during later stages to provide additional capacity during festival and other public events.
4L > Access to Rockwell Street
46 <6 < To the Airport, Broken Hill North
N.B Numbers indicate Vehicle Capacity
> To Sydney, Menindee Lakes
Architectural rendered impression of the Annex Building
M56'."#H%:,'NO? MINERALS AND MINING MUSEUM
The Broken Hill Minerals and Mining Museum project aims to transform the old Central Power Station and surrounding precinct into more than just a dilapidated shell of a structure, but rather, into a living, breathing, public, working institution of film, history, technology, education and entertainment â€“ the only one of its type in Australia. It is envisaged that the derelict site could eventually be integrated into and play an active role in the community. Transforming Broken Hills Central Power Station will be a catalyst for engaging with local audiences on a much deeper level, and aims to broaden its tourist market by creating a destination that people want to visit. This plan also recognises the importance of building strong links with the local community, and developing the educational capacity of the community, as well as making links to the indigenous community, and bolstering the idea of a two way learning stream. This development provides an alternative economic driver within the city, and eventually aims to replace the mining economic dominance, once resources are depleted. The Broken Hill cultural precinct intends to become a place for a vibrant community to develop and evolve. To become an artistic centre and destination for Regional Australia. A place of innovation, inspiration and regeneration. Four key aspects are woven into the scheme; Indigenous, Art, Education and Sustainability. And through our design, we have attempted to develop spaces and strategies aimed to promote an inclusive and interwoven community between all facets. The Central Power Station is located on the southern side of the Line of Lode. The mullock heap dissects Broken Hill, leaving the southern side dislocated from the town centre. As a result this area is neglected. We see the potential of this site to become a new hub of cultural activity, and bring new life to the south Broken Hill precinct. THE MINERALS AND MINING TEAM Architecture Students: Matthew Gardner, Stephanie Gotis-Graham Business: Brittany Ann Roper, Elisa Chan, Tony Huang
M54'."#H%:,'!")%I DEFINING A BRIEF FOR THE CPS
Foster local, national and international talent while utilising Broken Hill’s unique desert,
Provide a physical location for the collaboration of different disciplines of creative practice.
mining and rural character.
Promote forward thinking education and research in the arts through the conservation and
preservation of Broken Hill’s natural and cultural heritage through the inclusion of an on-site library and archive.
To be recognised as a leading rural museum where locals, tourists, educators and students can experience the history of Broken Hill’s minerals and mining industry and incorporate the following values:
4 < = M
Engagement: We aim to foster long-term, two way communication and engagement with local residents, tourists, students and strategic partners. Discovery: We encourage a sense of discovery and inspire inquisitive, creative minds. Community: We strive to enrich the vibrant community in which we operate. Sustainability: We seek to be sustainable in several aspects of the word: environmentally, socially, culturally and financially.
soft landscaping â€œartist playgroundâ€?
MINERAL & MINING MUSEUM
film studio workshop private parking for employers
artists residence film studio
outdoor garden internal rock climbing wall
exposed foundation of building A works as a 45 angled thoroughfare street parking
retail precinct cafe - restaurant
extended public landscaped area
!".$/0'1-)''$+*232'&, BUSINESS MODEL OVERVIEW
The Broken Hill Mining Association (BHMA) is a nonprofit organisation, which aims to communicate and preserve Broken Hillâ€™s unique mining heritage through a dynamic, interactive and entertaining environment. The Broken Hill Mining Experience (BHME), run under the BHMA will act as a hub where visitors will have the opportunity to discover more about Broken Hills unique mining history. PROMOTION AND MARKETING The promotion and marketing of the BHME is crucial for its success due to its remote location. This can be done in a number of ways including the standard print, online, radio and television. However, the BHME should first focus on creating an experience that will self promote through word of mouth. The business should leverage off its business network and partnerships and ensure there are strong, healthy relationships to support any promotional efforts. Our recommendation is that the BHME be run under a non-profit entity, the Broken Hill Mining Association (BHMA). The NSW Government defines non-profits as those organisations that do not operate for the profit or gain of individual members; rather they operate to reinvest any revenue back into the organisation. While the BHME will exist under a non-profit status, it should seek to selfgenerate 95% of its revenues, while the remaining 5% of required funds should be generated from government grants, corporate sponsorships and donations.
!"#$%&'()*$+,&MINERAL & MINING MUSEUM
(See Table 1)
1. Support Broken Hill Tourism and re-branding. 2. Communicate the social, cultural and economic history of Broken Hill as it relates to mining and minerals. 3. Develop a sustainable business model and
encourage the sustainability of the Power Station. 4. Increase capacity of the Power Station Precinct
ENVIRONMENT 1. Current situation, context of Broken Hill 2. Opportunities and Threats
5. Provide a forum to promote education.
Figure 1: Demonstration Broken Hill Mining Associations strategic overview. It provides five key supportive structures from which to base organisation’s strategy. The environment, mission, objectives and supporting organisational arrangements each combine to provide the framework for thorough strategy development. (Repurposed from Hambrick and Fredrickson’s 2001 article, ‘Are you sure you have a strategy?’ )
"I know not everybody sees what I see in rocks, but that's what makes them so special...beauty is in the eye of the beholder [...] one mistake people make is that they assume because minerals are rare, people will like them" - Milton Lavers
M5M'!91)&%11'."#P#1-* TA B L E O F P R O P O S A L O B J E C T I V E S Objective Objective #1 Support Broken Hill tourism and re-branding
O P E R AT I O N S , S E R V I C E S A N D O B J E C T I V E S
t*EFOUJGZBOEFOHBHFJOQBSUOFSTIJQTXJUITFMFDU metropolitan and regional museums, allowing their guests to have free access to the BH Mineral and Mining Museum t&OHBHFJOQBSUOFSTIJQTXJUIJO#SPLFO)JMMTMPDBM business community t)PTUBOOVBMNJOJOHBOENJOFSBMUSBEFFWFOU
Objective #2 Communicate the social, cultural and economic history of Broken Hill as it relates to mining and minerals Objective #3 Develop a sustainable business model and encourage the sustainability of the Precinct and Broken Hillâ€™s existing business networks
t&OHBHFDVSBUPSBOEEFTJHOFSTUPEFWFMPQJOUFSBDUJWF dynamic experiences that can be regularly updated
t&TUBCMJTIBCVTJOFTTSFGFSSBMQSPDFTTBOEUJDLFU packages with existing local mining attractions and businesses
Interactive Mining Experience
History of BH Tours
Rock Climbing Activity Centre
Gift and Retail Shop
The experience will be developed in such a way that it will engage visitorsâ€™ auditory, visual, tactile and olfactory senses. While education will play a role in the experience, it will be incidental to the entertainment factor, which we believe is what will drive higher visitor numbers. The museum
Objective #4 Increase capacity of the Power Station Precinct and Broken Hillâ€™s existing business networks
Objective #5 Provide a forum for and promote education
Objective #6 Promote and increase community engagement
Table 1: Minerals and Mining project objectives an artists incubator.
t1SPWJEFFYUSBTUBGG TUVEFOUT GPSPVSCVTJOFTT partners as required t%FWFMPQ7PMVOUFFS1SPHSBNNF XIJDIXJMMQSPWJEF volunteers for our business partners
t*ODMVEFBTQBDFEVSJOHSFOPWBUJPOGJUPVUQMBOOJOH to host school children and events t%FWFMPQ4DIPPM1SPHSBNNFXIFSFMPDBMBOE regional students can engage in inquiry and exploration based learning experiences.
t&OTVSF#)."BUUFOEBODFBUSFMFWBOUDPNNVOJUZ meetings and events t1SPNPUF1SFDJODUBOECSPBEFSDPNNVOJUZFWFOUT and programmes on social media channels
experience should display the following information in an interactive, dynamic and overall entertaining way:
4 < = M E
The history and impact of mining in Broken Hill, Australia and the rest of the world.
Personal stories and experiences of miners and minerâ€™s families. For example, long work days, working by candlelight.
A more general history of Broken Hill, as well as its current social and economic situation (including impact on health, education and the Indigenous population).
The basic origins and development process of Broken Hillâ€™s minerals.
The future of mining and developments in sustainable land use.
M5E'F":J),%:,9"-*'0,"-,%2)%1 S TA G I N G A P P R O A C H
Staging Strategy (Architecture) Some of the existing structures will be removed to allow for greater spatial relationships across the site. Southern side of Site A will be subject to demolition to allow greater access and act as a thoroughfare and provide an entry to the mining museum. Staging Strategy (Business) In addition to precinct staging, where the BHME is developed in the fourth stage, it is also recommended to stage the business. This will be done in three stages:
Some existing structures will be removed to allow for greater spatial relationships across the site. Southern side of Site A will be subject to demolision to allow greater access and act as a thoroughfare, and entry to the mining museum.
Stage 1: This is the biggest development stage of the project. In this stage the BHME will be constructed with its interactive, dynamic and entertaining displays. The visitors will be able to walk through the whole site. The rock climbing facility will remain hidden from visitor view until stage 2 is complete. This stage should only use 75% of the available budget for the mining experience. Stage 2: This step involves the development of the rock climbing facility. It will utilize 75% of the available space and activate the remaining part of the site to the public. Stage 3: This final step will begin when adequate visitor feedback has been obtained and relevant data analysed. The remaining 25% of the BHME budget will be used to make changes to the mining experience and site according to the visitor feedback. Depending on the capacity and customer feedback, part of this money will also be used to expand the rock climbing facility.
M5E'F":J),%:,9"-*'0,"-,%2)%1 1. 2.
4. 5. 6.
7. 8. 9.
30. New development 31. Demolish existing residential structures 32. Landscape old residential site + redirect truck route
MINERAL MUSEUM FILM TOURISM FILM STUDIO RETAIL + CONNECTION ARTIST RESIDENCE EDUCATION ART PRECINCT RESIDENTIAL DEVELOPMENT
13. Water tower part demolition 14. Annex for residence 15. Cleaning site elements for tourists 16. Water cooling station 17. Educational, arts, Indigenous precinct 18. Exhibition spaces 19. Indigenous infrastructure 20. Workshop 21. Landscaping 22. Basement excavation/ demolition 23. Basement redevelopment 24. Underground tunnel 25. Detox oil drums 26. Oil drum refitting 27. Oil drum climbing wall refitting 28. Landscaping film tourism area 29. Landscaping around drums
28 24 22 25 27 26 29
DEFINING A BRIEF FOR THE CPS
10. Site A clearing, partial demolition, resurfacing of site, acoustics 11. Museum type development 12. Offices and Administration
Fit-out Studio B Fit-out Site C (workshops) Convert wash house to film offices/admin Demolish site office Fit-out of gift shop Restaurant/cafe new build Adaptive reuse of Assay Carpark changed to landscaping New site parking
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E56'."#P#1-*'N(>AA BROKEN HILL FILM STUDIOS
The conceptual intention over the site is to create a series of programmatic threads, and a catalogue of physical fabrics, and begin to weave them together over the site, and over a staged development process. This interweaving is intended to strengthen the site and the community, creating a resilient relationship between site, program and community. The film studio requires direct and isolated traffic routes and parking solutions. The proposal features a service road which runs along the rear of the site. There is enough space to allow the loading and unloading of crew trucks and trailers in two lanes whilst through traffic can be maintained in a third. Provisions have been made for an educational precinct on site. The education facilities will be for local learning and external placements. An inclusive indigenous program will be integrated within the Education Precinct. The expansion of the education facility will be linked to the expansion and success of the site as a whole. As the site expands, capacity will increase and newer more discipline-specific facilities can be built. Integration of the precinct within the surrounding neighbourhood is essential. The streetscape improvements will focus along Eyre and South Streets connecting to local Patton St district. Suggested streetscape improvements include new footpaths, street lighting, branded street banners and landscaping. When the studio is being used for filming it must be isolated from the public. This also includes the associated workshop spaces as well as a post-production space. A few isolated and secure areas do allow for public viewing of the studio. This weaving occurs throughout the site. The public exclusion zone is shown in red. When filming is not in operation, it is envisioned that the public will have access to most areas, except production offices in the annex and the dedicated music and photography studio.
THE FILM STUDIO TEAM Architecture Students: Jamie Hogan, Brenton Romeo, Sebastian Tiong Business: Greer Ambrose, Brendan Baxter, Devin Periera Site Open Space Primary Road Secondary Road
E5<'."#H%:,'!")%I STAGE 1
P R O J E C T S TA G I N G A N D A P P R O A C H
Aims: To value the strength of infrastructure at the Broken Hill CPS site as a means of developing, fostering, and investing in innovative human capital in the Creative Industries. Our vision is to create a governing body, Rural Screen, that naturally encourages industry, creativity,
education and economic sustainability in the outback.
Above: Staging Diagram
Above: Different, flexible configurations are proposed to suit the various degrees of film shooting.
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!"!$./'0-)''$+,&BROKEN HILL FILM STUDIOS The business model and overarching strategy for the precinct has been designed around four major stages that can be further subdivided into timely introductions based on two factors: financial feasibility and commercial need. This strategic allocation of scarce current resources is in response to the initial available funding being lower than expected. The business model and in turn the strategy are geared towards creating a Rural Screen Body, established in Broken Hill, that operate out of the CPS site. This body is made up of a complex network of partnerships with pre-established rurally geared businesses and organisations. The precinct offers a unique selling proposition in that they provide low-cost film studio and production facilities that cater to the unique needs of directors and producers. The red-sands, made famous by movies like Mad Max, and the near-barren, green landscape in times of precipitation provide the Council with the ability to market the environment to a wider range of potential candidates. Education The proposal provides for educational facilities on the site which would cater to all types of educational partners so as to ensure that the precinct becomes a focal point of learning in the community. The establishment of satellite campuses would provide educational institutions an opportunity to develop more programs such as the University of Sydneyâ€™s RARE program and an AFTRS rural development program. Indigenous Culture & People Priority should be placed on providing opportunities to seamlessly incorporate the valued indigenous people and their unique cultures into the Broken Hill Studios Precinct. This would involve the formation of partnerships with indigenous broadcaster organisations to promote the commercial, education and cultural sides of the precinct. The precinct offers a unique selling proposition in that they provide low-cost film studio and production facilities that cater to the unique needs of directors and producers. The red-sands, made famous by movies like Mad Max, and the near-barren, green landscape in times of precipitation provide the Council with the ability to market the environment to a wider range of potential candidates. The business model and in turn the strategy are geared towards creating a Rural Screen Body, established in Broken Hill, that operate out of the CPS site. This body is
made up of a complex network of partnerships with pre-established rurally geared businesses and organisations.
Broken Hill City Council
Rural Screen Film Studio Station C Production Offices
Station A + Other Buildings on CPS Site
Left: Proposed Rural Screen Business Model
Government Bodies Screen NSW Arts South Australia Australian Television Networks Fox Studios Imparja NITV
Intermediaries to the creative industries Music and photography companies Production/advertising companies Shine Freemantle Kennedy Miller Mitchell
Complimentary small businesses Lawyers Talent Services Catering Established recognised artists Undergraduate and post-graduate creative students QUT Fine arts film and TV TAFE & Make Up courses
Individuals seeking storage solutions Individuals seeking building and/or workshop facilities
Above: Identifying market segments for the Broken Hill CPS site
Above: Pakistan landscape compared to Broken Hill
M5E'F":J),%:,9"-*'0,"-,%2)%1 SITE SECTIONS
K56'."#P#1-*'Q?R> B R O K E N H I L L F I L M AT T R A C T I O N S
The Broken Hill Film Attractions Masterplan (BHFAM) is a project focused on cultivating the existing film culture of Broken Hill. Broken Hill offers a unique range of outback and town locations which have become backdrops for a number of film, photography, television and various media productions. Some of the classic films made in Broken Hill include Mad Max 2 (1981), Priscilla (1994) and Wake In Fright (1971). The main benefit of filming in Broken Hill is the close proximity of the fantastic outback locations to the town and its facilities. The BHFAM seeks to capitalise on this by creating connections to key film sites via bus tours and/or self-guided road tours. The newly proposed tourism precinct will become a central hub that acts as a starting point for tourists looking to explore Broken Hill and its surrounding regions. There is a strong intention for the new precinct to provide a fresh and more dynamic experience of film for interested tourists (both local and international) which will potentially also increase the number of visiting tourists substantially. This Film Attractions proposal also seeks to restore and exhibit the power stationâ€™s heritage with the objectives of adaptive reuse, community, innovation, education and culture. Central to the scheme is a state-of-the-art film museum; which acts as a cultural repository, showcasing film history and innovation in Broken Hill to locals and visitors.
THE FILM ATTRACTIONS TEAM Architecture Students: Angus Henson, Zoe Mairs & Shuang Wu Business Students: Richard Kroon, Julia Sobishchanska & Senyu Zheng
K54'."#H%:,'!")%I ARCHITECTURE & BUSINESS OBJECTIVES
Adaptive Reuse: The strategy of adaptive reuse will be applied across the precinct to create new uses for the site while minimising the cost and energy consumption associated with new works and conserving the unique industrial heritage of the site. Sense of Community: The project seeks to provide new recreational and educational facilities for the community. There is also a vision to create new communities between locals, the Indigenous community as well as visiting tourists.
Education & Culture: The project supports multidisciplinary learning and collaboration by
Site Sustainability: The proposal will promote environmental technologies, art installations as
integrating innovative programs into the arts precinct, film museum, film studio and mining and mineral museum spaces.
well as native landscaping. These interventions will combine to help regenerate the current site.
BUSINESS GOALS & OBJECTIVES
Film Archiving: Gather iconic outback film material (stories, locations, objects) and to curate and showcase these treasures to inspire people to visit and stay in Broken Hill.
Public Engagement: To foster a relationship between people and the outback through the
medium of film through festivals and masterclasses. Innovative Technologies: Explore and create ways of providing a 'living museum' through a combination of interactive physical and digital technologies. This is intended to deepen the impact of the museum's physical artifacts and the stories being told about them.
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LEGEND Bar + Restaurant (Tanks)
Outdoor Art Shed
Information Lookout (Water Tower)
Indoor Art Workshops
Film Museum (Station A)
Heritage Gallery Sunken Gardens + Outdoor Displays
Film Studio Workshop (Station C)
Offices (Station C)
Storage (Station C)
Residential Park + Playground
Workshops (Station B)
Outdoor Performance Spaces
Production Offices + Residence (Annex)
Fig. 1. Landscaping approach masterplan
Fig. 2. Themed approach masterplan
Fig. 3. Masterplan of public facilities
3 10 6
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Summary This section outlines the potential for Broken Hill to access three currently untapped local tourism opportunities. These include a Broken Hill Film Museum, a Broken Hill Film Festival and Film Making Master classes. These three opportunities are evaluated in terms of economic and community benefit. The Film Museum is found to be likely to generate sufficient revenue to cover a Broken Hill market rent on the space required within the CPS site, create jobs for the community and turn a profit but would require a supportive property developer for it to be feasible. The Film Festival is found to require relatively little startup capital and ongoing investment, provided the right partners can be engaged and furthermore, may be viable without the Film Museum needing to be built first. The Master Classes rely upon sourcing high profile directors to be teachers, but if that hurdle can be overcome then the model seems sound. Of the three opportunities the Film Festival is the most attractive as it requires the least amount of start up investment and would bring significant benefits to the community of Broken Hill. Mission To gather iconic outback film material (stories, locations, objects) and to curate and showcase these treasures to inspire people to visit and stay in Broken Hill. In addition, the plan aims to foster a deep and meaningful relationship between the general public and the outback through the medium of film while attracting and inviting film makers and cineastes to engage with Broken Hill. The following proposal is divided up into four interrelated components:
The Broken Hill Digital App The app forms the centerpiece of the projects in this proposal. By allowing users to both view and create content by commenting and video blogging, it would allow visitors to engage in a more meaningful way. These arenâ€™t just the stories of the high and mighty or the rich and famous, these are the stories of your peers told through the filter of the outback. The exploration of the physical and the digital simultaneously is intended to deepen the impact of both the museums physical artifacts and the stories being told about them. It is essential to our mission.
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Large untapped tourists market
Great story to tell
Opportunity to develop new
Accommodation and food value
products Cooperation with other businesses
Weaknesses: Airport Capacity
S O W T
Threats: Existing businesses in Broken Hill
Lack of 5 star accommodation
Film Studio does not succeed
Tyranny of distance
No guarantees of film success
Seasonal dependence Fig 1. SWOT Analysis
Fig 2. Identifying how digital-physical relationships would work in the proposal.
K5E'!91)&%11'.*-& CO N T I N U E D
The Broken Hill Film Museum The Film Museum will be an exciting and dynamic exhibition space for the physical artifacts of film creation intertwined with a tablet enabled digital experience that supports visitors in their exploration of the space. In the museum building there will be spaces designed
S TA G I N G & PA C I N G
E CO N O M I C LO G I C
to invite the visitor to pause and explore the digital space of the museum, a web of the digital artifacts that have resulted from the creation of the film. The interaction between physical and digital will be facilitated by QR codes that can be read by the tablet and used as a jumping off point into the digital part of the museum.
D I F F E R E N T I ATO R S
The Broken Hill International Outback Film Festival The final component of the proposal is an annual seven day themed film festival, the first of which would be titled â€˜Broken Hellâ€™, which would showcase and rebrand Broken Hill as a horror film destination with the hopes of attracting more tourists and encourage the local
Fig 3. Hambrick and Fredrickson strategy diamond (2001)
population to participate in newly created attractions. Film tourism offers a unique experience to travellers who are willing to follow their idols and travel to places where films were made while also introducing tourists and travellers to the wonders of Broken Hill itself. It would offer much more than just seven days of horror movies by providing additional unique experiences of visiting the magnificent desert where Mad Max 2 and Wake in Fright were filmed. The main audience of this festival would be tourists, cineastes, film industry members, the media, film buffs and an assortment of the general public.
Film-Making Master Classes Since the number of tourists who visit Broken Hill in summer is less than that in winter, there is more spare space both in town and on site during summer vacation. The Film Master Class is designed for those students who intend to start their careers in the film industry. Each class will have no more than 20 students led by a well-known film professional. The master class will generally last half a month (two weeks).
Fig 4. Digital devices mediating between spaces and events.
K5K'F":J),%:,9"-*'0,"-,%2)%1 ARCHITECTURAL INTERVENTIONS
TANK BAR & RESTAURANT
The larger of the two tanks on site will be converted into a large restaurant/ function space that can be used by families & large groups.
OUTDOOR PERFORMANCE SPACE
The outdoor amphitheatre will provide an informal venue for local events to take place such as indigenous dance. It would also be suitable for large family gatherings such as picnics & parties and cultural festivals.
FILM MUSEUM WORKSHOPS
The film workshops located within the film museum will provide novice film makers and the public with a creative space for film making.
Landscaping is a significant intervention on the site. The landscaped areas within the site will make use of flora native to Australia and will be inspired by the outback qualities of Broken Hill; light quality, red earth and minimalist landscaping.
The lookout will provide a point on the site from which the geography of Broken Hill can be experienced.
We'd like to thank the following for their support in this project: The University of Sydney: Faculty of Architecture, Design and Planning The Business School The Broken Hill University Department of Rural Health Broken Hill City Council The Citizens of Broken Hill Broken Hill Regional Art Gallery Broken Hill Artist Exchange Professor Michael Tawa Dr Richard Seymour Megan Donnelley Andrea Roberts Lyndall Roberts Deb Jones Nola Whyman Louise Fowler-Smith Susan Thomas
List of participating students: Group 1 Art Space
Group 2 Minerals Mining
Group 3 Film Studios
Group 4 Film Museum
Lilian Tuohy Main Tom Tramby
Sen Yu Zheng
THE UNIVERSITY OF SYDNEY ARCHITECTURE AND ENTERPRISE PROJECTS FOR THE BROKEN HILL FILM STUDIO THE FACULTY OF ARCHITECTURE, DESIGN & PLANNING & THE BUSINESS SCHOOL
Published on Feb 21, 2013
The Broken Hill Film Studio project was set up in 2012 between the Broken Hill City Council, the Faculty of Architecture, Design and Plannin...