Summer is almost here! Most schools are on summer break or will be soon. That means your summer has already started, but summer officially starts June 20. June is a great time to spend time outside! I love to play outside and go swimming. There are all sorts of fun things to do during the summer. In this issue, read about a super shark that lives deep in the ocean, and find out the exciting things a marine biologist does. Also, Father’s Day is June 17, so be sure to do something fun with your dad on Father’s Day. Maybe you could go fishing with your dad to celebrate Go Fishing Day, or you could go canoeing. When you are outside this summer, be sure to wear sunscreen and a hat to help protect yourself from the sun. Bug spray is a good idea, too! Have a joyous June! Your friend,
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Kidsville News! Summer Safety Ensures Summer Fun!
It’s summer time and time for fun in the sun — and water! But it’s important to remember to keep safety first so your summer stays fun! Here are a few tips to make sure you and your friends stay safe this summer. Fun In the Sun It’s fun to be out in the sun, but too much sun can be bad for you. Be sure to wear sunscreen. I know it’s hard to remember, but it’s really important. You might not think so now, but protecting your skin now will serve you well later in life. Sun exposure, and especially sunburns, as a kid can increase chances of skin cancer, premature aging (wrinkles!) and cataracts as a grown-up. And, sunburns are not fun! They hurt! It’s best to use a sunscreen with an SPF factor of at least 15. Reapply sunscreen every two hours, even on cloudy days, and after swimming or sweating. Wearing a hat and sunglasses will help protect you, too, and you’ll look cool! For more information on being sun wise, check out this cool site for kids: www.epa.gov/ sunwise/kids/index.html Fun in the Heat It’s hot out there! So remember to stay cool. Normally our bodies are cooled through sweating and by radiating heat through our skin. But when it is really hot outside, and you are active, you can just get too hot. That may result in heat illness, like heat cramps, exhaustion or, at its worse, heat stroke. You can prevent heat illness by drinking lots of water (even if you are not thirsty!), staying out of the heat during the hottest part of the day, wearing light-colored clothing and going inside to take a break. Fun in the Water One super fun way to cool off is to get wet! Pools, lakes, ponds and beaches are fun ways to beat the heat. But water can also be dangerous for kids. It’s easy to stay safe in the water, if you take a few precautions. First of all, learn to swim! It’s fun, great exercise and a great skill to have. If you are not a strong swimmer, do not go in the deep end of the pool. But even if you know how to swim, it’s important to have a grown-up
supervision when you are in the water. If you have a younger brother or sister, it’s important that he or she is watched every second when near the water. If you like boating — kayaking, canoeing, paddle boarding — always be sure to wear a life vest. Even if you are a great swimmer, accidents can happen. As the Boy Scouts say, “Be prepared.” Other simple rules, like not running around the pool and using the buddy system, can help keep you safe. Never dive in areas that are not marked for diving. And never dive in lakes or ponds — you don’t know how deep the water is, or what rocks or other obstacles are in the water. The water may be too shallow, and you could end up with a severe injury. Whether you are at the pool, lake or beach, always get out of the water if the weather turns bad, especially if there is lightning. At the beach, it’s especially important to swim where a lifeguard is on duty. The beach has special dangers, like currents and tides, which pools don’t have. Large waves and undertows can be very dangerous. If you are ever caught in a rip current or undertow, you should swim parallel to the shore or should tread water and call for a lifeguard’s help. Another danger at the beach is the wildlife under the sea. Stings from jellyfish can be painful, so avoid them in the water and don’t mess with them when they are washed up on shore either. For more information about staying healthy this summer, check out the Nemours Foundation/Kids Health, Children’s Healthcare of Atlanta, www.choa. org; U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, www.epa. gov/sunwise/kids/index.html.
Did you know that the flag of the United States consists of 13 equal horizontal stripes of red alternating with white, with red stripes at the top and bottom? The blue rectangle in the upper hoist-side corner has 50 small, white, five-pointed stars arranged in nine offset horizontal rows of six stars alternating with rows of five stars. The 50 stars on the flag represent the 50 states, and the 13 stripes represent the
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Father’s Day Celebrate Dad on June 17
There are an estimated 70 million fathers in the United States! The first Father’s Day was celebrated in 1910. Father’s Day didn’t become an “official” holiday until 1966, when President Lyndon Johnson declared the third Sunday in June as Father’s Day. Father’s Day isn’t just an American tradition. It is celebrated in other countries all around the world. In most countries, like England, India, China, France and Japan, it is celebrated on the third Sunday of June. In Australia, it is held in September, and Thailand celebrates it in December. 79 million Americans had a backyard barbecue in 2010. A lot of those were probably on Father’s Day! There are more than 16,000 hardware stores in the U.S. Dads love their tools!
13 original colonies. Did you know that there are certain rules of etiquette that apply to the flag of the United States? The United States Flag Code outlines these rules. Some of the rules are that the flag should never touch anything beneath it — like the ground — and that it should be taken down during bad weather.
UND THE W
The Dragon Boat Festival in China is on the 5th day of the 5th month according to the Chinese lunar calendar. This year it is on June 23. The festival has been held for more than 2,000 years. It commemorates the poet Qu Yuan, a hero of China. Legend has it that Qu Yuan drowned himself in the river in protest against injustice and occupation. The Dragon Boat Festival is celebrated by dragon boat racing and eating zongzi (rice dumplings wrapped in bamboo leaves).
Flag Day is held on June 14. It’s an American holiday celebrating our flag, showing respect for the people who created it and honoring America. The week in which June 14 falls is proclaimed by the President as National Flag Week. During this week, Americans are urged to display the flag and to participate in ceremonies to celebrate the flag and recite the “Pledge of Allegiance.”
June 17 is Independence Day in Iceland. This is the anniversary of Iceland’s independence from Denmark in 1944. The day also commemorates the birthday of national hero Jón Sigurdsson, who was the leader of Iceland’s independence movement. It is a major festival in Iceland, especially in the capital of Reykjavik. There are parades, athletic competitions, music and street dances.
Whale Shark Is it a whale? Is it a shark? It’s a whale shark! The whale shark is a shark — and the largest fish species in the world! The largest confirmed whale shark was more than 41 feet long and weighed more than 47,000 pounds — that’s larger than a full-size school bus! These incredibly large fish are slow moving and are found in tropical and warm oceans. It can be found throughout the Atlantic Ocean, from New York through the Caribbean to central Brazil. In the Pacific Ocean, it is found from Japan to Australia, off Hawaii and from California to Chile. The whale shark is known to migrate to the western coast of Australia in March and April. They can live to be about 60- to 70-years-old. The whale shark has a flat head with two small eyes towards the front of its head. Their bodies are mostly grey with a white belly. They appear spotted, but it is more of a checkerboard pattern of spots and stripes. It has a pair of dorsal fins (the fins on the back that stick up) and a pair of pectoral fins (the fins on each side). Although they do have very large mouths, whale sharks are filter feeders. This means they don’t eat great big things, but they feed mostly on plankton, which are microscopic plants and animals that drift along in the ocean and get swallowed up by the whale shark. The large mouth, which can be almost five-feet wide, can take in lots of plankton. It also has more than 300 rows of tiny teeth. It feeds by opening its mouth, jutting out its jaws and sucking in everything in its path. When it closes its mouth, the water flows out its gills (it has five large pairs of gills). The plankton is trapped inside, with its teeth and filter pads working like a strainer. Although it is a shark, the whale shark is harmless to humans. It is a gentle animal and has even been known to let a diver hitch a ride (but this is not recommended!). The Georgia Aquarium is the only aquarium to display whale sharks outside of Asia. Photo courtesy of the Georgia Aquarium.
Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Chordata Class: Chondrichthyes Subclass: Elasmobranchii Order: Orectolobiformes Family: Rhincodontidae
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WHERE IN THE WORLD IS... MADAGASCAR?
It’s time to get out your globe! You need to know about the imaginary lines on globes and maps. These lines are called lines of latitude and longitude, and they tell a pilot or ship’s captain exactly where in the world a certain place is located. Basically, latitude lines (also called parallels) are the horizontal lines on your map. Lines of longitude (also called meridians) are the vertical lines that run from the North Pole to the South Pole. This mapping system is written in degrees and uses the symbol °. Get ready to travel the world! If you take out your globe and locate longitude 47° E, latitude 20º S, you will find the country of Madagascar. You’ve probably seen the movie, but what do you really know about this island nation? Madagascar is technically in Southern Africa, but it is an island in the Indian Ocean. It is located to the east of Mozambique and is about twice the size of our state of Arizona. In fact, it is the world’s fourth-largest island! The island has coastal plains with tropical climates, but also a high plateau and mountains in the center of the island. The climate inland is temperate (not extremely hot or cold) and arid (or dry) in the south part of the island. The island is home to inactive volcanoes. From January to March, some areas get extremely heavy rainfall and sometimes experience cyclones (hurricanes). The Malagasy people come from Malaysian, Indonesian, Arab and African heritage. There are also French, Indian, Creole and Comorian ethnic groups. French and Malagasy are the official languages, but many people speak English as well. Madagascar became a French colony in 1896. It regained its independence in 1960 from France and celebrates Independence Day on June 26. Madagascar is an amazing island, with some of the planet’s most unique flora and fauna. There are more than 250,000 species there, and 70 percent of those are endemic — which means they are not found anywhere else on Earth. Madagascar is home to more than 12,000 plant species – and up to 80 percent of those are endemic. Some of the plants are quite amazing! The Madagascar rosy periwinkle is even used to make a cancer-fighting drug. More than 70 different varieties of lemur live in Madagascar. It is also home to both the world’s smallest and largest chameleons! And, half of the world’s 150 species of chameleons live in Madagascar. It is believed to have more than 300 species of frogs — and 99 percent of those live only in Madagascar! But, there are no toads, salamanders or newts. Hmmm — what a strange but wonderful place! Agriculture, including fishing and forestry, is the main producer of revenue for the country. Most of the people, up to 80 percent, work in agriculture. However, deforestation is also one of the main concerns for the country. Conservation efforts to save the forests are important to protect the amazing and varied wildlife that are native to Madagascar. Sources: “Madagascar,” CIA – The World Factbook, www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ma.html; www.Wildmadagascar.org.
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AN AQUARIST? One of my favorite things to do in the summer is to take a family trip to the beach. I love the ocean! And I love to visit the aquarium and learn about all the amazing animals that live in the ocean. This month, I talked to Mike Daniel, an aquarist with the Georgia Aquarium in Atlanta. Originally from a small town in Northwest Georgia, with no ocean nearby, Daniel still found an early love for the ocean and the creatures in it. His mother was a science teacher, so she always encouraged him to pursue science avenues. Now he gets to spend his days taking care of tens of thousands of fish and animals in the Ocean Voyager exhibit at the world’s largest aquarium! He’s been with the Georgia Aquarium for more than seven years and really loves his job! Truman: What is an aquarist? Daniel: In some ways, you can use the two terms aquarist and marine biologist interchangeably. An aquarist is a more specialized version of a marine biologist. You would only find that title in an aquarium. I’m a caregiver of the animals at the aquarium and part of our husbandry staff.
to observe and learn about them. Other parts of my job include animal observations, preparing the food and feeding it out to individual animals and cleaning up after the animals (lots of fish means lots of poop!). Truman: What’s the hardest part of your job? Daniel: One of the hardest parts of working with animals is that they do not keep to a 9 to 5 workday. Sometimes I have to work really early in the morning, coming into the aquarium to participate in physical exams on whale sharks (the largest fish in the world!) at 5 a.m. It gets tough at times, but it is worth it!
Truman: What does it take to become a marine biologist? Daniel: To become a marine biologist, you need to have an adventuresome spirit — the desire to discover and learn about things that live in a world that is totally different from the one that you see every day on land. I have a degree from the University of Georgia in biology with an emphasis in marine biology. I also became a scuba diver when I was in high school so that I could begin to visit and explore the waters. Being comfortable on a boat is also very important. One week I might be in Atlanta, and the next I might find myself free diving for jellyfish off of a boat in Oregon!
Truman: What’s the best part of your job? Daniel: Getting the chance to work with so many amazing animals in some really cool places. One of the highlights for me has been going to Taiwan to help bring two of the whale sharks back to Georgia. I spent a couple of weeks getting to see the animals in the wild and working with the Taiwanese fishermen who lived there. They were great people and had great food!
Truman: When, and why, did you first become interested in this profession? Daniel: My dad first introduced me to the ocean when I was 8- or 9-years-old. It was love at first sight. We would spend hours fishing and snorkeling — I guess you could say I was “ hooked.” As a family, we would also spend our weekends on the Tennessee River fishing, swimming and skiing. My family loved the water, and I always did, too. All of those days above and below the water as a kid spilled over into college. I decided to take as many marine biology-related classes as I could when I was at UGA, even though they did not have a marine-biology undergraduate degree, and that in turn took me to the Georgia Aquarium’s doorsteps. Truman: What do you do every day? Describe a typical day on the job. Daniel: I work in our quarantine and acquisitions department. This means that every time the aquarium brings a new fish, snake or turtle into the aquarium it becomes my job to work with our veterinarians to make sure these animals do not have any diseases or parasites that could harm other animals. We examine the animals and use a variety of medications to treat whatever is found. After 45 days or more, we re-examine the animals, and if we don’t find any parasites or indications of disease, the animal is termed “clean” and will go to exhibit where our guest will be able
Truman: What was your favorite subject in school when you were a kid?
Above: Mike Daniel gets to play with amazing sea creatures every day! Left: Aquarist Mike Daniel feeds a whale shark — the largest fish in the world — at the Georgia Aquarium.
Daniel: Science was my favorite subject. My mom is a middle-school science teacher and was a big inspiration to me. Truman: What’s your favorite animal?
Daniel: My favorite animal is the hammerhead shark. I have been lucky enough to work with several of them, and they constantly amaze me. They are huge animals that are very curious about things but have never been threatening to me before. Truman: What advice would you give to kids who are interested in this profession?
Daniel: The best advice I can give is to chase your dreams. If you have a passion for the oceans and rivers, go out and play in them, and when it comes to school, you have to put in the effort and study hard. I know a lot of times when I was younger, I would think that I would never use the things that I was studying. I remember thinking, When will I ever need to know how to calculate the volume of a cube? Well, now I have to do it almost every day to figure out volumes for systems and calculate how much medication that a tank full of animals will require! Truman: That does sound important! It sounds like you have a wonderful job. Thanks for telling me all about it! Learn more about the Georgia Aquarium, the world’s largest aquarium, at www.georgiaaquarium.org.
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Whatâ€™s the Difference?
There are four things different between Picture A and Picture B. Can you find them all?
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Truman’s Tricky Picture Find these items! Be sure to find Truman’s hat! Look for more fun and games at www.kidsvillenews.com.
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Story Time with Truman
Chapter Nine DAVY: Garrett ran to shore, crying on the way. About 30 feet from the water, he dropped his crutch in the sand and hopped on one leg toward the water, whistling for Quetzalcoatl. When he was knee-deep in the surf, he fell forward and began to swim out into the waves. In moments, Quetzalcoatl was beneath him. Garrett hugged him and continued to cry as they drifted away from the island. CATHERINE: Who could that be? FRED MUNROE: Hi. Is Garrett here? I was wondering if he could play. CATHERINE: No, I’m afraid not. He’s gone down to the beach. FRED MUNROE: Oh, ok. Thank you. CATHERINE: Certainly! And thank you for stopping by. DAVY: Where was Fred before Garrett found the armor? CATHERINE: Garrett said he wouldn’t leave because he finally had a friend. Maybe that’s the boy. JAMES: Somehow, that doesn’t seem right. DAVY: Garrett rolled off Quetzal’s back and swam toward his head. To a casual observer, it would appear as the most terrible sight imaginable: Quetzalcoatl’s massive blood-red mouth opening and engulfing Garrett. Unlike previous dives, Quetzalcoatl paused on the surface for several moments. His great nostrils flared as he took in enough air to fill his massive lungs. DAVY: In a single graceful motion, Quetzalcoatl disappeared beneath the waves and sped toward the bottom. In about
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60 feet of water, Quetzalcoatl turned into a small opening and then swam horizontally under the island, zigging and zagging back forth for what seemed to Garrett like an eternity. Then Quetzalcoatl took another turn straight down for several minutes. Garrett knew how fast Quetzalcoatl could swim. He could only guess as to how deep they were under the island now. Then suddenly, Quetzalcoatl took another sharp turn, and they were moving horizontally again. The air was getting thin, and Garrett was getting scared. GARRETT: How much further? Good. We’re running out of air. DAVY: Suddenly Quetzalcoatl broke the surface and gulped in air through his nose and opened mouth. Garrett went from pitch black to complete and absolute darkness. GARRETT: Where are we? Step onto what? Oh, ok. I can feel it. You say there’s a lantern? Ok. There. I think I’ve got it, wait, here we go. Wow! Does that oil smell bad. It is, oh my, a treasure room. It’s gigantic! I can’t even see how far it goes. What? But I just got the lantern lit. We just got here. What do you mean grab something we have to leave? Sea dragon’s lair? Oh, no! No! Here? Now? DAVY: Quetzalcoatl grabbed Garrett and began dragging him away. Garrett reached out and hurriedly managed to grab a small leather pouch, as Quetzalcoatl engulfed him and they prepared to retreat. Garrett reached out to grab anything he could lay his hands
on. It was an old leather strap. DAVY: The skeleton it was attached to broke in several pieces as Garrett tugged. After the bones had fallen into the water, Quetzalcoatl opened his teeth just enough for the strap to slip through. GARRETT: Is there any other way out of here other than the way we came? Great! DAVY: Quetzalcoatl’s great body heaved as his massive lungs filled with air and they began to dive. Then Garrett heard the worst, most terrifying, ear-splitting screech he could ever have imagined. SEA DRAGON: Screeeechhh! GARRETT: Oh no! We are gonna die! SEA DRAGON: Screeechhh! DAVY: Quetzalcoatl took a ferocious thump on the right side, knocking him sideways against the tunnel wall. Garrett’s head slammed against one of Quetzalcoatl’s teeth. It hurt terribly, and Garrett lost
consciousness for a moment. He could feel the blood trickling down his neck. GARRETT: Are you ok? Don’t lie to me. I can feel it. You’re hurt. DAVY: Quetzalcoatl’s breathing was fast and heavy. By the movement of Quetzalcoatl’s tongue, Garrett knew that he was nervous. There was another terrible series of thumps, and again Quetzalcoatl was hammered against the tunnel wall. A breath of air was knocked from Quetzalcoatl’s giant mouth, and Garrett could almost see the precious bubbles of air floating upward. DAVY: Quetzalcoatl’s legs were clawing and kicking. Quetzalcoatl rolled over several times, causing Garrett to become dizzy and sick to his stomach. Garrett was already nauseated. Now he was ready to vomit right there in Quetzalcoatl’s mouth. Then Garrett felt another terrible thump. GARRETT: We’re past him, aren’t we? Yes, I know. I’ll hold my breath. To listen and read along with the rest of this month’s episode of QUETZALCOATL, go to www.talesofdavyjones.com or www.kidsvillenews.com. A Teacher’s Guide to accompany this 12chapter story is available at www.KidsvilleNews.com. An audio version CD set and workbook are also available online. Copyright 2011 by Carl F. Gundestrup. All rights reserved. Now Available: Get the “Digital Download” audio adventure for $1.99 for Kidsville News kids, teachers and parents at www.talesofdavyjones.com. Use the code word DAVY JONES.
My Body Talks without Saying a Word
By Barbara Gilmour “Hi, everyone.” said Ms. Gilmour to her students Nicole, Tanner, Stephen, Rudy, Carmen and Truman the Dragon. “Hello, Ms. Gilmour.” “Today we are going to find out how our bodies can talk without saying a word,” she said. All the kids had funny looks. Nicole raised her hand and asked, “How can our bodies talk without saying a word?” Rudy suggested,“Maybe we wave our hands around and jump up and down to talk.” Truman had a smile on his face and said, “I think I know how that can be.” All the kids turned to Truman, who had a really mean look on his face, and his arms were at his sides, with fists clenched. Stephen jumped up and said, “I know; you’re mad.” Then Truman hung his head, shuffled his dragon feet and mumbled. Carmen said, “Now you look like you’re sad.” Next, Truman put his nose in the air and wouldn’t look at anyone. Tanner said, “Now you look like you’re better than us and don’t want to be our friends.” “All the things Truman just showed us are called body language. That’s how your body tells someone what you’re thinking or feeling, without using words. Who can give us another example of body language?” she asked. Nicole said, “My mom tells me to lean forward and look people in the eye to show that I am interested in them.” “Your mom is right,” said Ms. Gilmour. “What would your body language be like if you were not interested in someone?” Tanner was first to say, “I might look all around, or at the ceiling; looking bored.” Carmen added, “Or, you lean back, or face away from the person. Some people look like they have fallen asleep. But that’s just plain rude.” Rudy added, “A kid in my class likes to get in my face and glare at me. He’s a bully, but I just walk away when he does that.” “Did you know that when you roll your eyes at someone you are showing them disrespect?” Ms. Gilmour asked. “Oh boy, I need to stop doing that to my older brother,” admitted Stephen. “The great thing about learning social skills is that when you find out something you were doing wasn’t kind, caring or respectful, you can change it,” explained Ms. Gilmour. “Now, how can our body language show others that we are confident?” Tanner jumped up saying , “Stand straight and tall, with shoulders back.” Rudy added, “Hold your head high.” ”Look alert, like you are paying attention, and listening to others,” shared Nicole. “Last time we talked about first impressions. How can your body language help you make a good impression?” asked Ms. Gilmour. Truman stood up and said, “The Cool Kind Kid Challenge can help us remember that positive body language equals a good first impression.” “How can your body language affect your friendships?” asked Ms. Gilmour. Tanner replied, “If we are showing others that we are mean, bored or disrespectful, no one will want to be our friends. Good body language equals many good friends.” Barbara Gilmour, Tanner’s grandmom, is the creator and developer of the Tanner’s Manners: Be a “Cool Kind Kid” Social Skills, Character Values and Anti-Bullying educational materials and the award-winning “Cool Kind Kid” Audio CD. © Cool Kind Kid. 866-KID-KIND. www. CoolKindKid.com.
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Conservation o r n e r
Summer vacation is right around the corner, and so many fun summer activities, like swimming, involve water. However, water is important to all living things for so much more than summer fun. Plants and animals need water to survive. But did you know nearly 97 percent of all the worldâ€™s water is salty or otherwise undrinkable? Another two percent is locked in ice caps and glaciers. That leaves one percent for all our needs. That means we all need to do our share to conserve water to make sure we all have the water we need. Here are some easy tricks that you can use to save water: 1. Turn off the water while brushing your teeth or washing your hands. 2. Always turn off your taps tightly so they donâ€™t drip. 3. Keep a pitcher of water in the refrigerator instead of running the tap for a cold glass of water. 4. If you water your lawn, do it in the cool mornings to avoid evaporation, and be careful not to water the pavement. 5. Use a bucket of water to wash your bike or car, and then rinse quickly using a trigger nozzle on your hose.
Water makes up 70 percent of the human body. Each day we must replace 64 ounces of water, some through drinking water and the rest through food (all foods contain water). With these simple tips, you can do your part to conserve water for the future.
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Sir Peter Paul Rubens
Peter Paul Rubens was a 17th-century Flemish Baroque clothing and music. Baroque was so popular that the entire cultural period of painter. His portraits, landscape paintings and religious time is called the Baroque period! pieces were very popular throughout Europe. In fact, Like other Baroque artists, Rubens used big, exaggerated lines in Rubens was considered such an important artist that both his paintings. He was well known for using a lot of color and often King Philip IV of Spain and King Charles I of England painted his models moving in some way. Rubens was also very drawn made him an honorary knight. That is why he is called Sir to light and darkness, so there were a lot of shadows in most of Peter Paul Rubens. his paintings. Activity Rubens was born on June 28, 1577, in what is now One of his contributions to the world of art was his use of small paintings Germany. His father was a lawyer who died when he was still as outlines for bigger pieces. He would first make a small painting of a boy. The family then moved to the whatever person or scene he was working on. Then he would copy Flemish area of Antwerp, Belgium. this one exactly, only much larger, for his finished work. Now, many At 14, he began apprenticing artists work like, this but back then, it was a first! (training) with local artists. When he Try doing this yourself and see what you think of the technique. graduated from school in 1598, he What You Need: Small piece of painting paper, large sheet of became a professional artist. construction paper,colored tempera paints,paintbrush, water and From 1600 to 1608, Rubens paper plate. traveled to Italy and Spain, where Directions: Find something you want to paint! It could be a person, he studied classical art and a landscape scene or a still life of a flowerpot on a table. Choose produced many works of his own. whatever you want! As he traveled, he also worked as a Set up an easel or painting area for yourself in front of your subject. diplomat, trying to negotiate peace Use the colored paints to paint a small picture on the painting paper between the rulers of different first. If you want to, try to paint like Rubens by using a lot of colors lands. One of his most famous and shadows in your painting. works during this time, The When you are finished, let the painting dry. Then, try to recreate Allegory of Peace and War, showed it on the larger piece of paper! Instead of looking at the subject his commitment to peace. He gave it to King while painting this second piece, look at the smaller painting you’ve Charles I of England as a gift to help end a already made. territorial battle between England and Spain. As you work, think about Rubens. Is it easier or harder for you to Rubens died on May 30, 1640. He left behind paint this way? Why do you think Rubens used this technique? many great works, including a painting that sold for a Sources: Peter Paul Rubens: Biography on The Complete Works, www. record $76.2 million in 2002! He painted in the Baroque style, which came from Rubens was famous for his portaits of peterpaulrubens.org/biography.html: Peter Paul Rubens on Wikipedia, poeple such as the one above; notice en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Peter_Paul_Rubens, NGA Tour: Sir Peter Paul Rubens Italy and spread throughout Europe during the 1600s. the bright colors and dark shadows. (Flemish 1577-1640), www.nga.gov/collection/gallery/gg45/gg45-over1.html It was not only a style of painting, but also a style of
Celebrate Father’s Day in a Picture Perfect Way! Our parents are very important to us. Mother’s Day was last month. Did you take the time to thank your Mom for all that she does for you? This month, it’s time to honor the special father figures in our lives. We give Sonora Smart Dodd of Spokane, Washington, credit for celebrating the first Father’s Day. In 1910, she created the first Father’s Day celebration to honor her father, a Civil War veteran, William Jackson Smart, who was a single parent who reared his six children. Dodd originally wanted to celebrate Father’s Day on June 5, which was her father’s birthday. However, the celebration was postponed to the third Sunday of June, the same Sunday we celebrate Father’s Day today. This worked out better because event coordinators had more time to organize the first Father’s Day and Dodd’s dad got his special day. Just like William Smart, our fathers do so much for us all year long, so let’s be sure to make their day special. Make a family storybook to show how much you care. Materials • Hole punch • Your own artwork • 3 brown paper lunch bags • Glue stick • Rubber band • Small stick
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Instructions 1. Fold the bags in half; punch two holes 3/4-inch in from the fold and the side. 2. On each side of the holes of the paper bag, glue artwork or family photos that show your dad how much you care. Your artwork and pictures may need to be cut down to less then 4-inch squares. Or make original art just for the book. 3. Once pictures and artwork are attached, fold the paper bags together to create a book. 4. Feed a loop of a 3 1/2-inch rubber band through each hole, and slide a small stick through the loops. 5. You can add stickers or markers to decorate the front cover. Now you have a wonderful storybook to give your dad for Father’s Day. Information about Father’s Day from http://en.wikipedia.org/ wiki/Father’s_Day
AT THE MOVIES Madagascar 3: Europe’s Most Wanted In Theaters June 8 After six long years, Alex the Lion (Ben Stiller), Marty the Zebra (Chris Rock), Gloria the Hippo (Jada Pinkett Smith) and Melman the Giraffe (David Schwimmer) still need to get back to their long-lost home at the New York City Zoo. The colorful group of wild animals don’t really know about maps, much less how to read one if they did. An unexpected layover in France introduces the assorted gang to a group of traveling circus animals headed for America. French police Captain Chantel DuBois (voiced by Frances McDormand) takes a special interest in tracking down and capturing our animal pals as they traverse Europe. With some help from the pesky penguins, Alex and the gang just might make it back to the States. One thing’s for sure, they’ll have to “move it, move it.” Madagascar 3: Europe’s Most Wanted will be presented in both 2D and 3D versions. Rated PG for some mild action and rude humor. 113 mins. (3D Entertainment Distribution) Brave In Theaters April 13 Tenth-century Scotland’s rugged Highlands provide the fairytale setting where a little redheaded girl named Merida (voiced by Kelly Macdonald) comes face to face with her destiny. Merida is quite good with a bow and arrow. She can hit a bull’s eye from 50 paces away. Merida also happens to be a daughter of royalty in the kingdom of DunBronch. Her father is King Fergus (voiced by Billy Connolly), and her mother is Queen Elinor (Emma Thompson). In a land of traditions, Merida chooses to follow her own path. Trouble follows, and Merida seeks the help of a local witch (Julie Walters). But the wish that the witch grants Merida might not be the best thing for the stubborn young woman, or for her beloved kingdom. Pixar’s “Brave” is directed by Mark Andrews (“Ratatouille”) and will be
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presented in 2D and Disney Digital 3D versions. Rated PG for some scary action and rude humor. 89 mins. (Disney•Pixar)
Movies on DVD Journey 2: The Mysterious Island Available June 5 Since visiting the center of the earth back in 2008, Sean Anderson (Josh Hutcherson) is now ready for an adventure to the Mysterious Island of Jules Verne fame. Sean’s grandpa (Michael Caine) has been sending coded distress signals from the mysterious island where strange creatures roam free. Along with his stepfather Hank (Dwayne Johnson), Sean takes helicopter pilot Gabato (Luis Guzman) and the pilot’s daughter Kailani (Vanessa Hudgens) on the adventure of a lifetime. The Mysterious Island is the home of the lost city of Atlantis. It also has a mountain of gold and bees so big, you can fly on them. Journey 2: The Mysterious Island is going to be one very wild ride of a movie for kids and their parents to go on. Rated PG for some adventure action and brief mild language. 94 mins. (New Line Cinema/Warner Bros. Pictures) The Gold Rush Available June 12 Way back in 1925, a talented British comedian named Charlie Chaplin captured the imaginations of kids and adults all over the world with his second feature-length comedy. The oldtimey, black-and-white look of the silent movie doesn’t make it any less fun or entertaining than new movies. You might even like it better. You’ll giggle when you see what Chaplin’s “Little Tramp” character does with two forks and a couple of dinner rolls; he makes the rolls dance! The story is set in the Yukon, near Alaska, during the gold rush, when people travelled from all over in search of riches hidden beneath the frozen ground. Chaplin’s Tramp gets stuck in a snowy mountain cabin where the only thing to eat is his leather shoe. If you’ve never seen a silent movie before, The Gold Rush is a great place to start. Chaplin’s sense of humor might seem simple, but there’s a lot of magic in everything he does to make his audience laugh. The DVD includes both the original 1925 version and the 1942 version, for which Chaplin added new music and narration. Not Rated. 160 minutes. (Criterion)
Cole Smithey, also known as “the smartest film critic in the world”, has been a film critic for 11 years and writes for over 50 publications, in print and on-line. Truman loves to watch movies and has the highest appreciation for great popcorn.
Together Time — Ask an adult for help with projects!
Cool Down with an Icy Summer Treat Summer officially kicks off in June, and the warm weather can make you drained after a long day of fun. Rejuvenate and cool down with these delicious recipes for freezer pops.
Be Green Truman Popsicle
4 ripe bananas 2 cups of blueberries 2 cups of kale 2 teaspoons of honey (optional) water Directions Steam the kale and let it cool; then add the blueberries, bananas and kale into a blender. Blend ingredients together until smooth. Add the honey to sweeten the mixture to your taste buds. Then add enough water to make the mixture pourable. Finally, pour the mixture into popsicle molds and chill in the freezer until frozen.
Orange Dream Popsicle
1 quart of orange juice 2 cups of vanilla yogurt 1 teaspoon of honey (optional)
Directions Blend ingredients together until smooth. Pour the mixture into popsicle molds and chill in the freezer until frozen. Tip: If you don’t have a popsicle mold, you can use ice-cube trays. Pour the mixture into the ice cube trays and then cover with plastic wrap. Poke toothpicks through the plastic wrap into every cube.
Like a Good Mystery? When you throw a baseball up, you expect it to fall back down. That’s gravity at work. No matter how hard you throw the ball, gravity wins. The ball comes back down. Many scientists used to think that would happen to the whole universe — a very, very, very long time from now. Some scientist believe the universe began with a “Big Bang” 137 billion years ago. They don’t know how it happened. The scientists believe space, matter and energy popped into being. Although they call this event the “Big Bang,” it wasn’t really an explosion. Space has been expanding ever since then. Stars and galaxies have been growing farther and farther apart. It is as if the Big Bang flung the “baseballs” of matter so high into the sky that it is still “climbing.” It’s as if matter is still able to resist the pull of gravity from other matter. But, just as the baseball reaches the top of its arc, stops for a tiny instant, then falls back to the ground, scientists thought the initial expansion of the Big Bang would someday stop. Then the universe would begin to collapse. The gravitational forces attracting matter to all other matter would take over. Eventually, a “Big Crunch” would occur. Space and matter would shrink back to the way they were at the Big Bang, just as a ball you throw up comes down at the same speed it left your hand. But then scientists discovered something astounding. Not only is the universe still expanding after all these billions of years, but galaxies are flying apart faster and faster. The “baseball” is acting as if a mysterious energy is continuously pushing it higher and higher in the sky, even though Earth’s gravity is trying its darnedest to pull it back to the ground. So, what’s up with that? It’s a mystery. No one knows what this strange gravity-defying force could be. Scientists have named it “dark energy.” But just because it has a name doesn’t make it any less mysterious. So, instead of a “Big Crunch,” the universe may end in a “Big Freeze,” slowly getting darker and colder, and colder and darker. But this would not happen for many, many billions of years. It’s certainly nothing for you and me to worry about! Instead, listen to a real NASA astrophysicist answer other mind-boggling questions about space and the universe at http:// spaceplace.nasa.gov/dr-marc-space. This article was written by Diane K. Fisher and provided through the courtesy of the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, under a contract with the National Aeronautics and Space Administration.
Pick of the Month:
Kale is a rich source of vitamin C and vitamin A that helps your immune system stay strong, and kale has a lot of vitamin K, which is important for healthy bones. Also, kale contains carotenoids for eye health. This leafy green packs a powerful punch to keep you growing strong and mighty.
Delicious and Nutritious
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Save on Your Summer Vacation Over the last several years, families have increasingly focused on stretching every dollar they have. Rising fuel costs and an economy that is still struggling have inspired many families to adopt a thriftier lifestyle permanently. While it’s good to be financially prudent, families don’t have to give up luxuries like summer vacations. Instead, parents can employ a few simple saving strategies that can reduce the cost but not the quality of a summer vacation with the family. • Find accommodations that provide a kitchen. A significant portion of a family’s summer vacation budget goes toward food. Families will need to eat no matter where they go, but cost-conscious parents should find accommodations that include a private kitchen. You won’t need to eat in every night, but cooking two or three times over the course of a week-long vacation can save a substantial amount of money. If you can’t find a room with its own kitchen, try to find one with its own refrigerator and microwave. • Stay local. Staying close to home for summer vacation can save families a good deal of money. Rising fuel costs have made both driving and air travel more expensive. Finding affordable ﬂights has become increasingly difficult, especially for families who don’t have the luxury of planning their summer vacation several months in advance. Staying local for summer vacation reduces the need for costly hotel accommodations and saves money on fuel. • Visit a major city or tourist area. For families who simply must get away, keep in mind that the further you go off the beaten path, the more costly it will be to get there. For example, a remote locale is likely nowhere near a major airport, and it can be expensive to get from the airport to the resort. In addition, it’s harder to find affordable flights to remote locales, as there are typically fewer flights available to such destinations, than flights to major cities or more popular tourist destinations. So while vacationing in the middle of nowhere has its benefits, cost-conscious families might be better off choosing a destination that’s much more accessible and affordable. Taking a summer vacation is a tradition for many families. This summer, families focused on saving money can do so in a number of affordable ways. Content and photo provided by Metrocreativeconnection.com.
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K ID S MART
Ahorrar En Las Vacaciones De Verano Durante los últimos años, las familias han aumentado su enfoque en estrechar cada dólar que poseen. Con el costo de la gasolina aumentando y con la economía que sigue batallando muchas familias se han inspirado a adoptar un estilo de vida ahorrativo permanentemente. Mientras es bueno ser financieramente prudente, las familias no tienen que renunciar a lujos como las vacaciones de verano. En lugar, los padres pueden emplear estrategias simples para ahorrar, que pueden reducir los costos pero no la calidad de las vacaciones de verano familiares. • Buscar alojamiento que contenga una cocina. Una parte significante del presupuesto de vacaciones se gasta en comida. A donde quiera que vallan las familias tienen que comer, pero los padres que son consientes de los costos deben encontrar alojamiento que incluya una cocina privada. No es necesario quedarse a comer todos los días, pero cocinar de dos a tres veces durante unas vacaciones de una semana puede ahorrar una cantidad substancial de dinero. Si no encuentra alojamiento con cocina integrada, trate de buscar una con su propio refrigerador y micro-ondas. • Mantenerse locales. Quedare cerca de casa en las vacaciones de verano puede ahorrarle a las familias mucho dinero. Con el costo de la gasolina aumentando puede hacer el manejar o volar más caro. Encontrar vuelos baratos se ha hecho más difícil, especialmente para las familias que no tienen el lujo de planear sus vacaciones familiares con meses de anticipo. Mantenerse locales durante las vacaciones de verano reduce el costo del alojamiento y ahorra dinero en gasolina. • Visitar una ciudad grande o una zona turística. Para las familias que simplemente tienen que alejarse, tienen que recordar que entre más lejos se vallan más costoso será. Por ejemplo, lo más probable es que en un lugar remoto no allá un aeropuerto cerca y puede que salga caro el transporte del aeropuerto al hotel. Además, es más difícil encontrar vuelos más baratos a localidades remotas, porque hay menos vuelos disponibles a esos destinos, a comparación de vuelos a ciudades grandes o destinos más turísticos. Mientras que el vacacionar en el medio de la nada tiene beneficios, familias consientes de costos puede que les convenga escoger un destino que es más accesible y barato. Tomar vacaciones de verano es una tr adición para muchas familias. Este verano, las familias que se enfocan en ahorrar dinero, lo pueden hacer de muchas maneras accesibles.
P ARENTOWN’S K ID S HAPE Travel Easily with Kids in Tow
Many people enjoy traveling. The opportunity to spend free time experiencing other cultures or visiting faraway lands appeals to many people’s inquisitive and adventurous natures, and it’s no wonder retirees often devote so much time traveling the world. Yet traveling as a carefree retiree and traveling as a parent to young children are two entirely different things and parents’ love of travel is often put to the test when the kids are in tow. But traveling with kids doesn’t have to be a logistical nightmare. The following are a few travel tips for parents about to go on vacation with their little ones. * Check your flight status. Flights are commonly rescheduled, which can be inconvenient for adult travelers who don’t have a couple of kids tagging along. For parents, though, extra time waiting at the airport with kids can be stressful and tough to handle. Before leaving the house, check your flight status to ensure you won’t be spending extra time sitting and waiting at the airport and looking for things to quell your child’s boredom. When booking the flight, sign up for flight updates that are sent directly to your mobile phone. These will keep you posted and save you the hassle of going online and checking your flight status everyfew hours. * Check in ahead of time. Many airlines allow passengers to check in ahead of time, typically within 24 to 36 hours of the flight’s scheduled departure. When kids are coming along, the less time you spend in line at the airport, the better, and checking in ahead of time can save you from waiting in long check-in lines at the airport. * Confirm what you’re allowed to bring on board. Parents of very young children, be it infants or toddlers, should confirm what they’re allowed to pack
and bring on board in advance of their flight. Sterilized water, for instance, might be acceptable to bring on board, but the airline might insist that it be stored in a baby bottle. Contact the airline a few days before you plan to pack to learn the company’s guidelines. Different airlines might have slightly different guidelines. * Explore the airport. Depending on whether you will be flying a domestic or international flight, you might be spending a considerable amount of time waiting to board or even dealing with a layover. These waiting periods and layovers are boring for adults and kids alike, so use the airport to your advantage and go exploring. Kids are often fascinated by airplanes, so take them to gates or terminals where flights are about to depart. * Separate kids on the plane. If you have two or more children in tow, avoid seating them next to one another on the plane. This can lead to spats that will almost certainly upset your fellow passengers. Let mom sit with one child and dad with another, and give kids the window seat so they can entertain themselves by looking out the window when the plane is in flight. * Bring your own entertainment. Kids are going to get bored on the flight, so be sure they have plenty to do while in the air. Bring along a tablet with video capability to keep kids occupied with a movie or television show. This will help reduce the restlessness and boredom they’re likely to feel in the air. Or buy kids a new book or magazine at the airport so they have something new to occupy their time until the plane lands. Traveling with children is seldom easy. But a few tricks of the trade can make the trip go more smoothly. Photo and article provide by Metro Creative Graphics, Inc., www. metrocreativegraphics.com.
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