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Home & Garden


INSIDE: • There will likely be more vegetable gardens this year. • The hot color for this spring is honeysuckle. • Raised garden beds are the way to go. • Tips for organizing your garage. • Don’t forget to babyproof your house.

A supplement of the Lewiston Tribune



T H U R S D A Y, M A R C H 1 7, 2 0 1 1

Numbers of vegetable gardens are likely to increase this year By NORMAN WINTER



Tom and Vivian Wards new Orlando home is built in the Craftsman style, with a deep front porch with angled pillars, gently-sloping roof with wide eaves and exposed beams, and porte-cochere at the side.

Craftsman style home is reborn By JEAN PATTESON OF THE ORLANDO SENTINEL

ORLANDO, Fla. — The Craftsman-style home of Tom and Vivian Ward looks so authentic that passersby assume it is a remodeled version of a house dating back to the early 20th century. Although the home sits in Orlando, Fla.’s Lake Lawsona Historic District, where many of the homes do date from the Craftsman period (19051930), the Wards’ home is brand new. Only the distinctive new-home smell gives it away. Originally, the couple planned to remodel the old house that sat on the lot, six blocks east of downtown’s Lake Eola. Once they discovered it was too decrepit to be saved, they drew up plans for a replacement. “To blend with this neighborhood, we could have gone Mediterranean or Bungalow, but we had fallen in love with the Craftsman style,” says Vivian Ward. “It is so warm, inviting and com-


The kitchen and family room feature handcrafted cabinetry, typical of the Craftsman style. fortable. We’re very lowkey and laid-back. It’s a perfect fit.” Working with architect David Runnels and builder Carlos Posada, both of Winter Park, Fla., they designed their dream retirement home — cozy enough for two, but able to accommodate visits from their extended family. It includes two large guest suites, a master suite, a

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lot, the 3,800-square-foot house presents a modest facade to the street, but extends back quite a ways. The double garage sits behind the house, beyond a compact backyard. Typical of the Craftsman style are the deep front porch with angled pillars, gently sloping roof with wide eaves and exposed beams, and portecochere over the driveway. The interior also exhibits Craftsman styling: artistic stone, tile and stained-glass elements, 1930s-style lighting fixtures and draperies, quarter-sawn white oak floors, and exquisite cabinets. “We love the whole house,” says Vivian Ward. “But we are especially proud of the attention to detail.”

 Norman Winter is vice president for college advancement, Brewton Parker College, Mount Vernon, Ga., and author of “Tough-as-Nails Flowers for the South” and “Captivating Combinations Color and Style in the Garden.”

Author debunks myths about bird feeding By RENEE ENNA

differ. In fact, Thompson, editor of Bird Watcher’s DiCHICAGO — Bird lov- gest, has devoted a few ers occasionally run across pages of his new book, advice that it’s a bad idea to “Identifying and Feedfeed birds. On behalf of his ing Birds” (Houghton feathered friends, and the Mifflin Harcourt, $14.95, produced with Peterson folks who love to feed them, Field Guides), to debunk Bill Thompson III begs to some of the conventional wisdom. OF THE CHICAGO TRIBUNE


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wood-paneled study and a spacious, open upstairs. The large kitchen opens to a dining room with coffered ceiling and a family room with fireplace. Beyond is a tree-shaded back porch with summer kitchen. In trendy terms, it is a “multigenerational, aging-in-place home.” Because of its location in one of the city’s oldest neighborhoods, the style and scale of the home, as well as details such as the setback from the sidewalk and drainage, all had to be approved by the Orlando Historical Review Board. “It fits our extended family and also fits into the historical nature of the neighborhood,” says Tom Ward, former chief information officer for Hughes Supply. Set on a narrow but deep

There is a good chance you are among the multitude that’s considering planting a vegetable garden in 2011. Somebody on Wall Street may be hitting it big right now, but you and I both can probably count a dozen reasons why a vegetable garden seems like a winning proposition. You may find yourself wondering where to start. Over the years I have humorously said the key to the green thumb is how brown it gets first in soil preparation. To be honest soil and soil prep is everything whether you are growing flowers or vegetables. The winning formula for success whether it’s been the heavy muggy clay to a sandier soil that drains in mere minutes, is to grow the garden on raised beds. Roots of bedding plants have to penetrate soils quickly, anchor plants, and absorb water and nutrients, often under adverse conditions. What many don’t realize is that in addition to water and nutrients the plants also need oxygen for proper growth. Soil texture plays the most important role in determining whether or not those three needs are met sufficiently to allow the plant to become established and perform to expectations. Desirable soil holds water while allowing for proper drainage. It also provides adequate oxygen for root growth. The raised bed is the best way to meet these needs. If you are buying into the concept you may be asking, well OK, what do I put into the raised beds. The best gardener I know and have watched for over a decade uses one-third topsoil, onethird sand and one-third compost. I have actually had the luxury of bringing in a truckload of my own prepared mix that was basically the same although it had a good quantity of fine pine bark (pieces less than ½ inch). No matter where you live in the country there are companies who compost either tiny bark pieces mentioned above, mushroom or cotton burr

compost, or some other back gold incorporating with sand, and topsoil to give you an excellent planting-medium. They sell this material in bags or bulk to garden centers, which in turn, sell it to landscapers and/or to you. If you are able to buy a sufficient amount they will sell bulk to you the same way they do garden centers. The raised beds do not have to be enclosed but it certainly makes things easier from the standpoint of weed control or turf encroachment. A rock, brick or concrete border is considered the ultimate but I really like using 2 x 12 lumber for the frames. If you are able you can build your frames and have the soil mix dumped in the boxes or in close proximity. I have made large boxes and series of smaller ones. Smaller boxes offer you the opportunity to tend or hoe from each side without actually walking in and compacting the soil with foot traffic. Another winning trait I have watched over and over is the utilization of cages for both tomatoes and peppers. These two vegetables always rank high in popularity. The cages made from concrete reinforcing wire allow the tomatoes and peppers to grow up vertically keeping the plants sturdy and upright. The canopy of foliage protects ripening fruit from sunscald and even small sized hail. With the addition of plastic, the cages can also become like small greenhouses should young plants be threatened by late frosts. More than likely it’s not planting season where you live but it is awfully fun to start the planning process and decide where to put your raised bed garden. The best reason of all to grow a vegetable garden is the sheer delight in harvesting and tasting the vine ripened produce.

Flooring For Your Life

The food they get from backyard feeders represents “a nice compromise between our desire to see birds in our backyards and the birds’ willingness to take advantage of our largesse.”

food, so keep that in mind when you’re stocking the feeder in spring and fall.

Myth: Birds will starve if you stop feeding them in winter. “Birds have evolved over the eons as incredMyth: Feeders keep ibly adaptive, mobile birds from migrating. creatures,” he writes. “Migration is driven by That said, he does recominstinct and external fac- mend soliciting the help Myth: Bird-feeding is tors” such as the amount of a neighbor to keep your bad for birds. of sunlight and the chang- feeders filled when you’re Birds know how to ing weather, Thompson gone for, say, a two-week find food out in the “real writes. But, he adds, mi- vacation in the midst of world,” Thompson writes. grating birds do need extra winter.

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T H U R S D A Y, M A R C H 1 7, 2 0 1 1



Tribune/Steve Hanks

Paige and Brian Fraziers home in the Clarkston Heights has the look of an historic farmhouse, but its all modern.

Farmhouse is at home in Heights The Clarkston home of Brian and Paige Frazier mixes old and new By Robert C. Johnson Of Target Publications


aige Frazier grew up in the small town of Mossy Rock, Wash. She’s always loved the look of old farm houses, and when the time came for her and her husband Brian to build their own home, she knew just how she wanted it to look. In a Clarkston Heights neighborhood of 1970s-era homes, sits a green house with dormers. Rather than looking like it fell from space into the neighborhood, it looks like an old veteran encroached upon by suburbia. The exterior is HandiPlank painted sage green. Damon Construction of Clarkston built the 2,300-square-foot home in 2006 and incorporated bits of Craftsman style (Paige’s other favorite era) into the house. Modern homes have rounded interior corners. Paige wanted old-fashioned right angles, and Damon was happy to comply. The light fixtures are all modern, but they look antique. The windows, too, are of modern components, but they are a three-grid style that looks vintage. The interior paint color is called Relaxed Khaki. Damon “was excellent to work with,” Paige says. He did all the work in the construction, with a couple of exceptions. Paige and Brian both work at Clarkston High School; she teaches English and he teaches shop. The entryway floor is hardwood laminate, which is used again in the kitchen and dining area.

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Antiques fit perfectly with the vintage appearance of the house and furnishings.

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Paiges love of language is evident in the studys furnishings.

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ABOVE: Cabinets in Paiges study hide the workings of the computer. BELOW: The kitchen island features a gas range and a granite top. To the right is Paige’s office, where she corrects student papers, reflects her love of language with an old manual typewriter and examples of typography. The only modern features are a computer keyboard and screen; the workings are hidden behind the vintage-looking cabinets that Linda Boul-

ton of Design Direction designed. “She was fun to work with,” Paige says. The entryway leads into the living room. It features a short-napped carpet in an oatmealflecked color and recessed lights in the high ceiling and crown moulding. Paige found the hearth she wanted in

a magazine; she showed it to Mike Damon, and he created it. Damon did all the construction on the house. Paige likes window seats — they are great for storing seasonal decorations, and Damon put in several. To the left of the living room are two children’s rooms, with

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T H U R S D A Y, M A R C H 1 7, 2 0 1 1

Garage got you groaning? Here are tips for cleaning and organizing By DEEďšşANN DURBIN


Garages may have started out as a place to store cars, but gradually they’ve become a place to store almost everything else, from sports equipment to dog food to holiday decorations. As the weather gets warmer and the spring cleaning urge hits, it’s a good time to take stock of your garage. Is it a functional space or just a repository for junk? Are there more logical ways to store your belongings? Before you rush out and buy new shelving and cabinets, professional organizer Cindy Tyner recommends putting some serious thought into how you want to use your garage. She says the No. 1 mistake people make is pulling everything out of the garage first and then getting overwhelmed when they try to cram it all back in. “People go out and buy things, like storage systems and bins, and say, ‘This is what I need to get me organized,’ but the things don’t fit the pur-

$350 steel shelving. You can use old kitchen cabinets or buy new ones. Gladiator GarageWorks, a division of Whirlpool Corp., makes heavy-duty plastic tracks that run along the wall and can be fitted with cabinets, hooks or baskets. A two-pack of 48-inch-long tracks is $29.99; a six-pack of bins that fits into the tracks is $14.99. Kris Nielson, the CEO of Monkey Bar Storage, a Rexburg-based company that makes steel shelving systems, said people can spend as much as $10,000 on custom garages with fancy flooring, refrigerators and other perks. Associated Press His company, which has This undated photo courtesy of Monkey Bar Storage shows a garage organiza- 68 outlets in the United States and Canada, chargtion system by Monkey Bar Storage. es an average of $1,500 per garage to install steel poses they need,â€? said in a year, you need to ask fresh coat of paint can shelving systems, which Tyner, who owns an Ann yourself, does it make brighten the walls, and he says are designed for Arbor, Mich.-based or- sense to keep it? If it’s im- paints made especially durability and efficiency. “This is not your dining ganizing business called portant to keep it, how can for garage floors protect you use it? If it’s a family them from oil and gas room. It’s your garage,â€? Functional Spaces. Once you’ve decided heirloom, should it be sit- stains, and prolong the he said. ď Ź Use all your availhow to use your garage, ting in the garage where life of the concrete. Home you can have a variety of able space. For items you here are some tips to help Depot, for example, sells problems and moisture?â€? only need occasionally, you finish the job: 1-gallon cans of Rust-Olesaid Sean Hunt, president such as holiday decoraof Garage Specialists Inc., um Epoxy Concrete Floor tions, consider overhead ď Ź Pick a sunny day and a San Bernardino, Ca- Paint for $31.97. A gallon storage units. A 4-squareclear out all your belong- lif.-based company that covers up to 400 square foot Racor platform, for ings. Decide what will stay, cleans and organizes a few feet. example, holds up to 250 what can be donated and hundred garages a year. ď Ź Consider what kind pounds and can be lowwhat should be thrown ď Ź Once the garage is of storage you need. Costs ered with a cable system. away. cleared, sweep and wash vary significantly, from Hyloft makes a smaller, “If you haven’t used it the floors and walls. A $40 plastic shelving to less expensive overhead

storage system, measuring 45 square inches. If you want a workbench but don’t have a lot of room, consider one that folds into the wall. ď Ź Store things close to where you need them, and in logical places. All the gardening equipment should go together, for example, and the bike helmets should be next to the bikes. “Everything has got to have a home. Otherwise it just gets piled up and it’s a snowball effect,â€? Hunt said. ď Ź Store some things outside. Consider a deck box for children’s toys or a storage shed for gardening tools. Lowe’s sells Rubbermaid’s Roughneck storage shed for $299, for example. Tyner says you just need to make sure to use the new space properly and don’t let it become your new catchall for junk. ď Ź Consider hiring an organizer. Organizers can give you good ideas about how to use your space and keep you on task as you’re trying to decide what to keep and what to toss. Costs vary by region and project. Organizers will charge you more, for example, to buy and install storage units than to work with units you already have.

How to make wooden posts and fences last longer of dead branches and tree trunks are not so welcome at our fence posts and trelThere comes a time lises. Fortunately, many ways when every gardener needs to set wood in or on exist to slow wood rot in the garden. the ground. Perhaps it’s a solitary post stapled loosely with Chemicals Can chicken wire to which a clematis or trumpet hon- Do The Job eysuckle vine can cling. For finished lumber, Perhaps it’s one of many posts joined by high fenc- most people these days opt ing to persuade deer that for pressure-treated, or they can more conve- PT, wood. True, PT lumber niently eat from neigh- should not rot for decades, bors’ gardens. Perhaps but there are hazards asit’s the wooden sides of sociated with its use. Take your compost bin. care not to breathe any sawWherever wood is ex- dust generated when workposed to moisture, however, ing with this lumber, and it rots. Those same bacte- dispose of it in the trash, not ria and fungi that keep our the soil. planet from being overWood preservatives are run with an accumulation generally toxic to more


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creatures than just woodrotting bacteria and fungi, in varying degrees. Think twice before applying a preservative to wood, or using a wood treated with preservative near a vegetable garden or childrenâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s playground. Anything that keeps moisture out of dry wood will prolong its life. Years ago, the Forest Products Laboratory of the U.S Department of Agriculture came up with just that: an effective water repellent made by combining 1 ounce of melted paraffin wax with 1.5 cups of boiled linseed oil. (Be careful when heating and mixing â&#x20AC;&#x201D; both are flammable.) Once the mix cools, add enough paint thinner to make 1 gallon. Even better is to dip the wood into the water repellent or preservative. One reason why PT lumber is better than these home treatments is that with PT lumber, the preservative is forced into the wood under pressure at a factory. If using

a store-bought or homemade preservative, apply some to the butt ends of your wood, and some will be sucked into the wood along the grain.

Tried And Not Necessarily True Methods Long before chemical preservatives or PT lumber were available, farmers had other ways of preserving fence posts. One traditional method was to char any parts of a post that would be in or near the ground. Bacteria and fungi have a hard time digesting charcoal, so decay was put off as long as the charred coating remained intact. Another method was to stick the post-to-be in the ground upside down, on the theory that a piece of dead wood would suck in water in the same direction as it did when it was a part of a living tree. I wouldnâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t bank on it.

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Rot Resistant, Naturally Then there are woods that are naturally rot-resistant. If you are using finished lumber, you may be restricted to choosing from among red cedar, redwood, white oak, perhaps cypress. If you can use unfinished wood â&#x20AC;&#x201D; posts for a rustic pergola, for example â&#x20AC;&#x201D; you can expand your palette to include such woods as black locust, osage orange, white cedar, chestnut and walnut. Black

locust, osage orange, red mulberry and Pacific yew might be expected to last in or on the ground as long as PT lumber! Note that it is the heartwood â&#x20AC;&#x201D; the old, interior portion â&#x20AC;&#x201D; of any tree that resists decay. So even though western larch and Douglas fir are only moderately rot-resistant, the large proportion of heartwood in every log makes these woods suitable for many outdoor uses. Choose your wood carefully. And consider sticking any posts in the ground butt end up and charred.

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This photo shows an arbor built of locust, a tree whose wood is very rot resistant, in New Paltz, N.Y.




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T H U R S D A Y, M A R C H 1 7, 2 0 1 1



Tribune/Steve Hanks

The master bedroom gets plenty of light from windows and door to patio. It also features a walk-in closet with ample storage (below left.)

Tribune/Steve Hanks

The bonus room upstairs has plenty of room for games or speading out to watch TV. Note the window seat and built-in storage. continued from page 3 a bathroom between. To the right of the living room is the kitchen and dining area. Granite Concepts of Lewiston built the island, which is made of Yellow Tropic granite and features a gas range. The front of the island is beadboard, which fits perfectly with the farmhouse look, as does the laminate floor. Larson Cabinet Co. put in the kitchen cabinets; Paige showed them photos of what she had in mind and they did the rest. The antique pulls on the doors add to the effect of a vintage farmhouse, except carefully hidden are a built-in dishwasher and refrigerator. The dining area is just a few feet away, in front of French doors that lead to the patio and a hot tub.

Brian fenced the backyard and built the kids a playhouse and painted it to match the house. Off the kitchen to the left is the master bedroom. A door leads to the patio here as well. The master bath has two sinks, a linen closet and a natural tile floor. A walkin closet has plenty of room. At the top of the stairs is a bonus room, where the children can watch TV or play with friends. The family’s piano is here, too. Brian was busy teaching during most of the home’s construction, but he did the work on this room. He put in another of Paige’s beloved window seats. A small guest room is upstairs, too, with its own bathroom. The modern world may have overtaken Clarkston, but the past still feels like home.

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T H U R S D A Y, M A R C H 1 7, 2 0 1 1

Close cropping is an easy way to gain garden space By DEAN FOSDICK

For The Associated Press

Gardeners react no differently than anyone else when times are tough: They tighten spending and try to squeeze more from their budgets. Some turn to close cropping — crowding plants as a cheap and easy way to maximize yields from minimal space. Placing garden plants shoulder-to-shoulder is not a new idea. Native Americans are credited with introducing the “Three Sisters” concept, in which corn, beans and squash were planted alongside one another. The nitrogen-rich climbing beans used the corn stalks for structure, while the ground-hugging squash smothered weeds and reduced soil evaporation. The result: three interdependent and eminently edible crops produced from the same ground. If done right, massing plants in their growing beds is also an efficient way for urban gardeners to make the most of patios or decks, balconies or fire escapes. “Many gardeners find themselves in a situation of wanting to grow either more produce in the same amount of space, or grow similar amounts in a reduced area,” said Ben Sturtevant, a marketing specialist with Johnny’s Selected Seeds in Winslow, Maine. “This leads to finding ways to change methods or use new methods of production.” Traditional single-row spacing varies, but smaller crops like radishes, leaf lettuces and beets usually are assigned about a foot between the rows, Sturtevant said. Larger plants, including beans, cabbage and broccoli, generally are given 2 to 3 feet. Garden beds can be compressed, however, if managed properly. That includes letting enough air flow around the plants to prevent mildew, Sturtevant said. It also means using rich soil, said Derek Fell, author of more than 100 garden publications. “If you have a lot of nutrition in the soil, then a lot of plants won’t mind being crowded,” he said. Rather than planting in

Associated Press

This photo courtesy of Dean Fosdick shows close cropping in raised beds in New Market, Va. Close cropping is a cheap and easy way to boost yields from small plots. Spacing between plants can be tightened when using traditional row designs or vegetables can be massed in square or diamond patterns such as was done in this raised bed setup. single rows, plant in square or diamond patterns, Fell suggested. “That’s used extensively in places like Britain where you have space limitations. You can get an amazing amount of production from tight planting.” Here are some spacesaving variations: l Grow vertical. “Cucumbers, some squashes, melons and tomatoes can be trellised very nicely,” Sturtevant said. l Succession planting. Get a new crop into the ground as soon as the

cool-season crop has been harvested. Replace lettuce, radishes and peas with something like beans, beets and turnips. l Inter-planting. Grow vegetables having different maturity dates side by side. A typical pairing might be radishes, which are fast maturing, with carrots, which take longer. Space also can be gained by planting a massed row of leaf lettuce between two rows of tomatoes. The lettuce can be eaten before the tomatoes grow tall enough to shade them out. l Use containers, “a



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Shop around for ‘kit gardens,’ or comparable plant varieties that are made into salads, pizza fixings or herbal teas and seasonings.

” sure way to grow in a limited amount of space,” Sturtevant said. “Specific (plant) varieties are now being developed for this specialized environment.”

l Select “bush” or dwarf plants, which don’t take as much space or compete as vigorously for soil ingredients. “Shop around for ‘kit gardens,’ or comparable

plant varieties that are made into salads, pizza fixings or herbal teas and seasonings,” said Linda Chalker-Scott, an urban horticulturist with Washington State University’s Puyallup Research and Extension Center. “They’re also a neat way to introduce gardening to the entire family, especially children.”  For more about maximizing yields from minimal space, see this Iowa State University Web site: http://www.extension. pm870a.pdf

Pruning’s a necessary evil, but it can be done well By LEE REICH

(”breathing”) and cell division occur, during which natural antimicrobial Pruning can’t help but chemicals are released wound a plant. But the in- and new cells grow to seal jury doesn’t have to com- off the wound. promise its health. With little or no miYour job, as a pruner, is crobial growth in frigid to pinch, snip, lop or saw in weather, the plant can such a way as to facilitate wait to begin repair. your plants’ natural healing. Plants have an uncanny ability to deal with wounds. Pruning Stems, Immediately after any Pruning Large wound, whether from high wind or from the sharp Limbs edge of your pruning saw, Shortening a stem must cells around the wound burst into activity. Their be done with more care. goal: to prevent the spread Cut it back to a bud, which of infection and seal off is where a leaf is growing or grew the previous the wound. Unless the weather is season. To avoid leaving frigid, rapid respiration a dead stub, or killing the bud, shorten the stem to a little beyond the bud, at an angle, so that the cut slopes down ever so slightly behind the bud. Removing a large limb Trade in your with a single pruning cut can tear long shreds old grill and of bark from a tree as save up to the limb comes toppling down. Avoid this by mak* ing three separate cuts. First undercut the limb towards the one-quarter of the way through about 12 inches purchase of a For The Associated Press

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farther out than your eventual cut. Next, saw through from the top, near the first cut but a couple of inches farther out on the limb. After the limb falls (without tearing any bark), saw off the easily held, foot-long stub that remains. But do not cut it back flush to the trunk; cut back to just beyond the ring of bark at the base of the limb. After you have cut off a branch or limb, do nothing to the bare wound that stares you in the face. Marketing or an innate desire for nurturing has induced humans for centuries to cover wounds with dressings ranging from clay to manure to tar. Such dressings, for the most part, keep the wound moist, maintaining a hospitable environment for disease-causing microorganisms. A good pruning cut — not a poultice — allows a woody plant to seal off the wound and prevent spread of infection. Take care how you cut, and appreciate a plant’s natural ability to heal itself.

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Plant, Heal Thyself The first thing you can do to encourage healing is to make all cuts clean. Ragged edges leave more damaged cells and more surface area to close over. Sharp pruning tools are a must. Smaller cuts leave smaller wounds, so prune off that misplaced maple limb when you can do it with hand shears rather than when you need a chain saw. Pruning away small stems, rather than large ones, also removes less stored food or foodproducing tissue of a plant, which is desirable unless you are deliberately attempting to dwarf a plant. Pruning off diseased stems can be a way to thwart diseases, but watch out that you don’t inadvertently spread infection in the process. When disease transmission is a hazard — as it is, for example, with fire blight disease of pears — sterilize your pruning tool between cuts by wiping the blades with alcohol. Young, actively growing stems heal easiest and quickest, which makes pinching out a growing point between thumbnail and forefinger the least damaging method of pruning. No special instructions here, except, perhaps, to clean under your fingernails. (Just kidding.)

T H U R S D A Y, M A R C H 1 7, 2 0 1 1



Tribune/Barry Kough

Arlene and Don Worleys home east of Lewiston is a combination art gallery and museum, with plenty of natural light and high walls for display. Arlenes life in rodeo and Dons working career in aviation are displayed all over the house. Arlenes best parade saddle resides in the living room.

Couple find their place in the sun Of Target Publications

o i n c i dence is a funny thing. Sometimes what you are looking for is just what you find. Don and Arlene Worley were moving back into the area in 2003 and needed a home that would accommodate them, their many interests and their grandson. What they found in the 3,300 square-foot home at Eagle Pointe suits them perfectly. A red, stamped concrete path leads to the front door and the foyer beyond with its coat rack made of horseshoes. To the left is Don’s den, which holds mementos from his hunting trips and his career as an airline pilot. He started flying in


Tribune/Barry Kough

ABOVE: Tall walls and many halls make great photo galleries. LEFT: The combination of kitchen and two eating areas, including a large western table for 10 people, all open to the living room, makes for efficient entertaining with large groups. and the sunken floor adds to the feeling of height. Here are more mementos of a life lived in the West, with Arlene’s rodeo saddle, books, art and family photos. The ceiling fan has a rope incorporated into the fixture. On either side of the gas fireplace are cabinets and builtin bookshelves of knotty hickory. A sliding glass door leads to the patio, which

also has a stamped concrete pad that gives the impression of continuation from the front door. A barbecue is here, and the Worleys added an awning to block the fierce

Lewiston summer sun. Transom windows over the sliding glass door and the other living room windows allow plenty of air flow. To the left of the living room, and one step up,

are the kitchen and dining room, and it is here the knotty hickory cabinets take center stage. They have a richer texture than either birch or pine. No pulls or handles disturb the look of the

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1947, and the list of the planes he flew reads like a list of aviation history: the storied DC-3 and its military brother the C-46, the humpbacked four-engine Constellation and the DC 9, which was the first jet to make regular stops at Lewiston. On either side of the foyer are hallways to bedrooms, each with its own bath, and other rooms of the house. The hallway walls are lined with photos of their family and travels. The doorways are all wide and arched. The master bedroom has views to the west and a door to the patio; a gas fireplace keeps away the chill. Arlene grew up in a local rodeo family, and in 1955 she was queen of the Lewiston Roundup; in 2001, she was grand marshal. Her walk-in closet has room enough for her collection of cowboy boots; Don’s closet is slightly smaller. The master bath features a shower and jacuzzi. A single step down from the foyer brings a visitor to the living room. The room has a high ceiling,

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T H U R S D A Y, M A R C H 1 7, 2 0 1 1

Tribune/Barry Kough

ABOVE: The well-decorated den is the first museumlike room visitors see, inside the front door. RIGHT: Large west-facing windows in the spacious bedroom often light up with bright sunsets, and a fireplace keeps it warm winter nights. BELOW: Cabinets made of knotty hickory are partly covered with a long vine.

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Don and Arlene Maynard Worley wood. The exhaust fan for the gas range is enclosed in wood as well. The floor, although a laminate, is nearly the same color. The ceiling over the dining table is

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lower than that of the living room and kitchen, making the room closer and more friendly. The Worleys enjoy entertaining, and the big table can handle a crowd. There’s not much lawn to take care of, and that’s by design. There’s room for a small garden and a barn and pasture for Arlene’s horse. Sometimes what you find is just what you need.

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T H U R S D A Y, M A R C H 1 7, 2 0 1 1


White is stunning in the garden landscape By Norman Winter

such an extent that it offers what I consider to be one of the most valuable traits any color has to ofWhite reflects light to fer the landscape. I really

what Mother Nature does in the forest. The dogwoods, which have swelling buds right this minute, will soon erupt into to bloom, attracting our attention to the glistening, reflective bracts in an otherwise dark forest. When spring arrives in your area with all of its glorious colors — purples, pinks, yellows and reds, the one color guaranteed to catch your eye every time is white. We all need to use white more often. In the south every gardener loves azaleas. The Southern Indica types like Formosa, Judge Solomon and George Lindley Taber are some of the most popular, but notice a garden late in the afternoon. Those azalea flowers start to fade or drop out of sight but one Southern Indica, the Mrs. G.G. Gerbing, is still glistening. In fact on a moonlit night it will still be showing out. This is one of the best old-time white azaleas around. In the north where the Southern Indica varieties are too prone to cold damage gardeners can achieve the same look with rhododendrons like Dora Amateis, an award winner cold hardy to 15 below zero. Most everyone loves the wisteria with the fragrant bluish-purple flowers hanging down like grape clusters. In my opinion, one of the most overlooked and underused wisteria is the white one. A white wisteria draping a fence or an arbor is a sight to behold. Use a white wisteria and it will give the instant perception you knew what you were doing in the landscape. MCT Another much overA Mrs. G. G. Gerbing azalea thrills until the sun sets in the evening and will still looked white shrub is the be reflective of moonlight shining on the garden. Chinese snowball virbuOf McClatchy Newspapers

don’t want to get into that argument that white is not a color or the reflection of all colors or wavelengths together. Simply notice

num. The snowball viburnum produces 6- to 8-inch glistening white blossoms. A close examination shows the bloom is really made of dozens of 1-inch florets. The blossoms almost resemble a cheerleader’s pom-poms. While three or four flowers would make a dramatic statement, know that the Chinese snowball produces them by the scores. It might make you wonder how the plant supports all of the huge blossoms. The Chinese snowball is a large shrub, well suited for large gardens where it can be enjoyed from a distance. It can reach 10 feet tall in five or six years. It is cold hardy in zones 7-9 so another great alternative is the Blackhaw viburum, though not quite as showy it is treasured by birds. Some of my favorite roses are white selections. The Cherokee Rose, Rosa laevigata, grows wild in


much of the South and is every bit as colorful as a dogwood. The Cherokee rose is the state flower of Georgia but is actually from China. The fragrant flowers are up to 3 inches across. Lastly one must also consider Sally Holmes. Sally Holmes is classified as a shrub rose but is great when trained as a climber on lattice or on a pillar. It came out in 1976 as a result of a cross between Ivory Fashion and Ballerina. The foliage is dark glossy green that serves to contrast nicely with the large 3-inch slightly fragrant white blossoms. White flowers give definition to those shadier areas of the landscape and while red evokes passion white offers a sense of cleanliness and purity. Don’t overlook white bloomers in your landscape plan this year.

Planting apps put garden info at your fingertips 300258CQ-11

By Kathy Van Mullekom

Of the Daily Press (Newport News, Va.)

Two new useful apps assist you with plants. First, Burpee Home Gardens introduces the Burpee Garden Coach, a free app for gardeners who like to grow what they eat. Through text messages and Web-based interaction via mobile phone, you learn how to choose, grow, maintain, harvest and eat backyard-grown veggies. To get started, simply text your Zip code to 80998. Features of the Burpee Garden Coach include:

backyard, neighborhood, from your iPhone or at city park or just about iTunes. anywhere. One of the best features of this app is that it can be used anywhere regardless of cell phone coverage once it is downloaded. The app features advanced botanical illustrations of the many distinctive characteristics of more than 250 tree species found in North America. Once a tree is, the user can tag the tree at its exact location using the iPhone’s global positioning system. Cost for the app is $4.95 and can be purchased

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Gardens plants at local garden centers. To get the app, visit Secondly, the Arbor Day Foundation makes it easy to identify trees, using your iPhone or iPod Touch. The new app is called “Arbor Day Tree Identification Guide: What Tree Is That?” and is based on its similar print tree ID guide. By identifying a few basic characteristics of a tree, such as leaf size and shape and branch structure, iPhone users will be able to determine what type of tree is in their

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T H U R S D A Y, M A R C H 1 7, 2 0 1 1

Got baby? Get babyproofing Some basics for DIY or professionals



Babies and toddlers are curious creatures. Something captures their attention â&#x20AC;&#x201D; a stuffed animal, a shiny object or a noisy rattle â&#x20AC;&#x201D; and theyâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;re going after it. Just make sure they arenâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t chasing a teddy bear on top of a dresser, the blade of a knife or a pill bottle. Babyproofing is key to keeping children safe at home. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Parents should realize that injuries are the leading cause of death in children over one year of age,â&#x20AC;? and many are preventable, says Dr. Garry Gardner, chairman of the American Academy of Pediatricsâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; Committee on Injury, Violence, and Poison Prevention. The most common injuries are burns, cuts, bruises, and head and other injuries from falls, he says. For generations, new parents made homes baby-ready themselves. These days, you can do it yourself, hire a professional or both. Itâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s part

Associated Press

This product image courtesy of Dorel Juvenile Group shows the Safety 1st ProGrade Flat Screen TV Lock. Furniture or TVs that could topple should be anchored to the walls.

cess to dangerous areas, among other things. Furniture or TVs that Associated Press This product image courtesy of Regal Lager/Lascal shows a retractable baby could topple should be angate. New parents have some time before they need to babyproof, but Experts chored to the walls. Toddlers might use dresser recommend staying ahead of a babys development by a milestone. drawers â&#x20AC;&#x153;like stepladders,â&#x20AC;? and an accident of a larger trend toward peace of mind, but dili- quickly. Experts recom- can happen in an instant, more watchful, safety- gent parents are capable mend staying ahead of a says Colleen Driscoll, of babyproofing their own babyâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s development by a executive director of the conscious parenting. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Using profession- homes,â&#x20AC;? says Shannon milestone; for instance, International Association als saves time and gives Choe, who offers home blocking the top and bot- for Child Safety, a professafety assessments as tom of the stairs before a sional organization for baby- and child-proofers founder of Premier Baby childâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s on the move. Concierge in Berwyn, Pa. Eventually youâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;ll need that was founded in 1997. Proofers may be called She says her clients are to lock up cleaning prodabout evenly split. ucts, medicine and plastic for a top-to-bottom job or New parents have some bags, clear the house of just to install a single gate, time before they need to choking and strangula- she says. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Most of our clients babyproof, since newborns tion hazards (including Red, Pink, arenâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t very comfortable arenâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t going anywhere the cords of drapes and White just yet. But time passes blinds) and block ac- drilling holes in their own home and they usually have us do that,â&#x20AC;? SPECIAL says proofer Jack Smith, founder of Dallas-area VARIETY Long Blooming InfantHouse. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Some of the lighter installation they can elect to do themOptional Planting Fee selves.â&#x20AC;? â&#x20AC;˘ Great for your Lawn & The babyproofing inFree dustry began about 20 Garden delivery years ago. Driscollâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s association has about 110 â&#x20AC;˘ Helps promote strong root childproofers as members structure in the United States, she says. It is launching a cerBags available at: tification program, with first certifications exHome Depot â&#x20AC;˘D & B Farm & Home â&#x20AC;˘Erb Hardware the pected in 2011. 746-3644 Professionals are familiar with safety products (Inland Auto Glass) and can determine which ones are right for a home, saving parents multiple 548 Down River Road â&#x20AC;˘ 208-746-5947 trips to the store, Driscoll says. Pros also can teach parents about dangers they might not think of. FORSMANN DOORS LLC â&#x20AC;&#x153;Children grow and de208-746-DOOR (3667) velop very quickly, and sometimes parents are MENTION THIS AD caught off guard in what â&#x20AC;&#x153;When Only the AND theyâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;re capable of doing,â&#x20AC;? Best will do Call Fuchsâ&#x20AC;? OWNER: Driscoll says. â&#x20AC;&#x153;We want YOUR NEXT SERVICE! SCOTT them to understand and be LILLY MILLER FORSMANN ahead of their children before they find the trouble.â&#x20AC;? The cost of professional babyproofing varies. Smith charges $100 for a 28-2-3 5,000 sq.ft. room-by-room consultaReg. $22.69 tion and product recom20YEARS YEARS EXPERIENCE mendation, which clients 20 EXPERIENCE receive whether they hire Right here in the Right here in the ulbs the company to do the inB g Lewis-Clark Valley and n i r Sp stallation or not. Lewis-Clark Valley and ! e r Surrounding communities! To babyproof an entire are he Surrounding Right herecommunities! in the 4,000-square-foot house Lewis-Clark Valley and â&#x20AC;&#x201D; the average size of his clientsâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; homes, he says Surrounding communities! â&#x20AC;&#x201D; he charges $3,000 to Garage Doors and Openers $4,000, while a singlestory ranch smaller than Sales â&#x20AC;˘ Service â&#x20AC;˘ Install LILLY MILLER 2,000 square feet would Commercial â&#x20AC;˘ Residential cost around $800. The ID #RCE-2 6689 WA #FO RSMDL917C8 prices include products



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and installation. To take on the task yourself, experts recommend the age-old trick of dropping to all fours and looking for hazards from a childâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s vantage. To learn what youâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;re looking for, check online sources such as the academyâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s, babyproofing checklists and do-ityourself books. â&#x20AC;&#x153;People say itâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s very easy if you have the right tools,â&#x20AC;? says Debra Holtzman, author of â&#x20AC;&#x153;The Safe Babyâ&#x20AC;? (Sentient Publications, revised edition 2009). â&#x20AC;&#x153;It is overwhelming if you have no guidance.â&#x20AC;? Her book offers chapters on nursery, kitchen and bathroom safety, and preventing falls. No matter who does the safety improvements, she urges parents to pay attention. â&#x20AC;&#x153;If someone else does it for you and youâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;re not involved, you may not have skills to do it later on,â&#x20AC;? she said. Parents should research products, and choose those certified by the Juvenile Products Manufacturing Association, Holtzman says. Avoiding products recalled by the government is also important. Check or sign up on the site to be notified when recalls are issued, Holtzman says. And send back product registration cards to be notified of company recalls. Once the home is proofed, donâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t put your feet up for long. Safety experts suggest reassessing periodically because the hazards change as a child grows. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Itâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s wonderful to watch them grow and learn ... but their own natural curiosity can do them in if youâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;re not setting some boundaries,â&#x20AC;? says Choe. And gates, latches and locks are no substitute for a parentâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s watchful eye. As Holtzman cautions: â&#x20AC;&#x153;No child safety device is 100 percent perfect.â&#x20AC;?

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T H U R S D A Y, M A R C H 1 7, 2 0 1 1



Get ready: Spring’s hot color is honeysuckle By SARAH WOLFE

room is with a pink rug or shower curtain, such as Pottery Barn Teen’s white cotton percale shower curtain ($49) edged with a honeysuckle ribbon, Cullen says. Table runners, napkins and sheets are also showing up in shades of honeysuckle this spring.

For The Associated Press

Associated Press

Associated Press

This product image courtesy of Anthropologie shows their Ripe Melon Pull in pink. If pink walls seem a bit daunting, try a wall in the bedroom first — whether it’s paint or a luxurious wallpaper, Associated Press Vizzi Jacobs says. “Wallpaper does This file product image courtesy of Cuisinart shows wonders to warm up the the Cuisinart Frozen Yogurt, Ice Cream & Sorbet bedroom,” she adds. “I Maker in honeysuckle. like that feeling of pink surrounding you and giving you a nice warm hug.” need to be hopeful and as we can,” she says. A new wallpaper colthink of things that A striking, eye-catchlection by New Jerseysatisfy as many senses ing shade, honeysuckle based Thibaut Designs works well for day and features honeysuckle in a night, and complevariety of vibrant lattices, ments a variety of damasks and florals on blues, greens and orfrothy pastel and rich anges, Eiseman says. velvety backgrounds. “I can’t think of a Bold wall choices pink combination that like honeysuckle are a doesn’t work,” says good balance to neutral Carey Vizzi Jacobs, an furniture, particularly interior and wallpaper world would be a much white, cream and tan, designer in Maryland dirtier place. Due to says Thibaut’s Molly and Pennsylvania. “Pink several factors that are McDermott Walsh. and red. Pink and navy. affecting trees today, Pink and turquoise. Even that’s exactly what’s pink and orange. Honhappening. Deforestation Throw Pillows eysuckle pairs nicely due to industry, wildfires with so many colors.” Bright and lively and bug infestations are

Do your part and plant a tree (or two) The Charlotte Observer (Charlotte, N.C.).

Are you a tree hugger? Would you admit it if you were? The term “tree hugger” is frequently used in a less-than-favorable way to describe someone who is passionate about protecting the environment. But once you understand all the good trees do, you might be inclined to hug a tree and decide to do your part by planting a few. Trees are vitally important to our existence. We know that they produce oxygen and absorb carbon dioxide, which helps remove dangerous chemicals from the air, land and water. In fact, one acre of forest can remove almost 3 tons of carbon dioxide from the environment every year. Also, its leaves work to collect dust and other microscopic matter from the air, reducing levels of particulate matter that can damage our lungs. Another crucial element to our existence is clean water. Trees help keep our waterways clean by stabilizing the soil and slowing storm water runoff, which prevents excessive sediment from eroding and washing into the water. That’s where it can choke the life from the surrounding aquatic ecosystem. Trees are also good at removing toxic heavy metals and other pollutants from the soil, keeping those dangerous elements from entering aquifers deep underground. Without trees, the

drastically depleting our country’s forests. That’s why it’s so important to support reforesting programs and to get involved in tree planting events wherever you live. Besides the environmental benefits, there are the monetary benefits to consider as well. Trees planted close to your home can actually save you money on your utility bills. A properly placed tree will reduce your cooling cost by shading your home from the summer heat. Tree leaves also release water vapor through a process called transpiration, which also serves to cool the surrounding air. During the colder months, a row of trees can serve as a windbreak to reduce heating costs and snow drifts. Established trees can also increase the value of your home by adding ‘curb appeal.’ A recent study by the U.S. Forest Service also suggests homes with established trees are less likely to be burglarized. So you see? There are too many reasons to not hug a tree and perhaps take on the moniker of a proud tree hugger. If you want to protect the health of the planet or just want to save a few bucks at home, there are many reasons to do your part and plant a few trees in your yard or community.

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World Market, says Morgan Cullen of Austin, Texas, who created the home decor blog Casa Cullen. She also suggests heading to the fabric store and making your own pillows or chair cushions. “Honeysuckle chair covers on all chairs or just the head of the table would be quite the statement maker in the dining room,” Cullen says.

Textiles If pillows aren’t your thing, try drapes or linens in a honeysuckle print for an instant update in the kitchen or bedroom, says Vizzi Jacobs. “In the bath, honeysuckle embroidered or appliqued monograms on white towels are a pleasant surprise,” she says. Another easy way to brighten up your bath-

stated, yet updated, look. Cullen suggests painting three wall frames with honeysuckle-colored spray paint and placing them around black-and-white photos as easy do-it-yourself wall art for any room. She also suggests painting the back wall of builtins, media or bookshelves in honeysuckle for a burst of color, as well as real honeysuckle flowers in a vase on the dining room table or next to your bed. Even a strip of grosgrain pink ribbon can instantly change a lamp shade or give extra flair to curtains, says Vizzi Jacobs. Anthropologie offers whimsical touches of honeysuckle this spring in a pink poppy ceramic door knob ($8) and a melon-colored ceramic and brass drawer pull ($6), Cullen says.


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throw pillows are another cheap and easy way to pepper your home with this warm hue. Bed, Bath and Beyond is carrying several pillows with bold honeysuckle stripes and other prints for under $50, as is

This product image cour- Accents tesy of bedbathandbeHoneysuckle can be shows its Hum- popped into small accent mingbird Cream Square pieces throughout your Decorative Toss Pillow. home for a more under-

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Bright red-pink and bursting with energy, honeysuckle is dominating home decor trends in 2011 as a playful and vibrant alternative to the serene turquoise of 2010. Love it or hate it, the hue is everywhere this spring. And design experts say there are many easy ways to incorporate it into your home without breaking the bank. “Add a lively flair to interior spaces with honeysuckle patterned pillows, bedspreads, small appliances and tabletop accessories,” says Leatrice Eiseman, executive director of the Pantone Color Institute. Honeysuckle is the official color of 2011 as chosen by the institute, the research arm of the Carlstadt, N.J.-based Pantone Inc., which largely sets color standards for the fashion and home industries. This year’s reddish pink shade lights a fire to your senses and revs you up, says Eiseman. “The color says we



T H U R S D A Y, M A R C H 1 7, 2 0 1 1

Grains offer flavor, nutrition and beauty in garden By DEAN FOSDICK

For The Associated Press

Now that you’ve established a productive vegetable garden, how about growing some pancakes, pasta and home-baked breads on the side? Plant whole grains — cheap, low-maintenance grasses that produce edible seeds you can cook up raw (as you would rice), grind into flour, make into brews, or add fresh to salads and casseroles. Grains demonstrate that you don’t need blooms to beautify small spaces. Think amber waves of grain, or patches of waist-high ornamental grass swaying gracefully in the wind. Add thrift to the equation, too, because a little goes a long way. “A 1,000-square-foot plot planted with 23/4 pounds of barley seed will yield one bushel of barley,” says Sara Pitzer, author of the updated “Homegrown Whole Grains: Grow, Harvest & Cook Wheat Barley, Oats, Rice, Corn & More” (Storey Publishing, 2009). “If one bushel doesn’t sound like much, consider that one cup of raw barley cooks up to generously serve six people, and that most soup recipes — even ones making big pots of soup — call for only one-third cup of raw barley.” Grains also serve as nutri-

Associated Press

This photo shows an assortment of edible whole grains in New Market, Va. Whole grains, like this nutritious assortment of whole oats, millet, rye and wheat flakes, flax, poppy, sesame and sunflower seeds, can be grown in small spaces to augment the produce harvested from home vegetable gardens. tious recipe fillers, replacing pricier ingredients in a meat loaf or stew. “Put aside what you can’t eat for planting the next year,” Pitzer advises. Whole grains usually recom-

mended for home gardens include barley, buckwheat, corn, millet, oats, rice, rye, wheat and amaranth. Decide which grains or cereals you want to grow based on flavor, ease of harvest,


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plumes. The leaves can be cooked and eaten like spinach, while the grains have a peppery taste and are rich in protein and other nutrients. Grains, like most other grasses, are simple to grow. “They’re more adapted to dry land conditions. You don’t have to irrigate as much,” said Bob Van Veldhuizen, a research technician with the University of Alaska Fairbanks School of Natural Resources and Agricultural Sciences. “They also don’t require as many nutrients as things like tomatoes.” Van Veldhuizen has worked primarily on hull-less varieties. “They’re of more interest to hobby gardeners,” he said. “You don’t need a home threshing machine.” Most grains are very hardy, thriving in USDA Zones 3 to 8 and beyond, said Dan Jason, a seedsman from Salt Spring Island, British Columbia. “They’re fast growing — 90 to 100 days to maturity,” Jason said. “They’re not killed by frosts. You can sew some grains in September and harvest them in June, freeing the garden for another crop.” For more about whole grains and nutrition, see this Kansas State University Research and Extension guide: http://www. wholegrains.htm.


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hardiness and appearance. Here’s a Pitzer-provided primer to help get you started: l Barley: Matures faster and tolerates drought better than wheat. A fiber-rich plant known to reduce cholesterol and blood glucose levels. Frequently used for brewing. l Buckwheat: Broadleaf plant with a strong flavor that often is milled into flour for pancakes. l Corn: One of the easiest crops to grow. It can be eaten fresh, ground into cornmeal or popped into tender, bite-size puffs. l Millet: Tasty when served like rice or added to foods for its crunch. Loaded with protein, B vitamins and minerals. l Oats: Germinates quickly but difficult to harvest unless you go with hull-less varieties. Recommended for everything from biscuits to oatmeal. l Rice: Challenging to grow, but has limitless applications in recipes. l Rye: An assertive taste in flour and food. Extremely hardy. Has no hull, making it easy to harvest. Crafters find many uses for its long stems, or straw. l Wheat: Easily managed in gardens, and a recipe essential for everything from pastas to cakes. l Amaranth: A tall, broadleaf plant that forms feathery

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