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The

June 26, 2013

Countryy Editor

Volume 1 Number 11

Just good reading

Virginia site of

gardens

Bear with head stuck in jar is rescued

~ Page 13

~ Page 4

Backyard

Pocahontas

wildflower

rescue will be preserved ~ Page 18

Team Hoyt by Kelly Gates They have completed 252 triathlons, including six Ironmen distance races and seven Half Ironmans. They finished 71 marathons -31 of them Boston marathons. And that is nothing compared to the more than 1,650 half marathons, 10 mile races, 5Ks, duathlons, 20Ks and other events Dick and Rick Hoyt have done together. While these numbers might seem impressive for any duo, the fact that Dick Hoyt does all of this while pushing, pulling and carrying Rick is nothing short of amazing. Rick is Dick’s son who was born a spastic quadriplegic with cerebral palsy as a result of oxygen deprivation to his brain at the time of birth. “All of the doctors and experts told us to put him in an institution because he would never be anything but a veg-

etable,” said Dick. “But we brought him up just like any other child, just like his two brothers. Every time we looked into Rick’s eyes, we could tell he could understand us, that he was smart.” Dick and his wife tried to convince local schools in Massachusetts that their son knew his numbers and letters and should be admitted. But he was denied repeatedly until the family found a team of engineers at Boston’s Tufts University who helped give the child a voice. According to Dick, the Tufts group designed a one-of-akind, voice-activated computer system that literally spoke for little Rick. “They told us that if we raised $5,000, which was a lot of money 45 years ago, they would make him a laptop computer with a head switch that would allow him to type words

using a stick and his mouth, one letter at a time,” explained Dick. “We argued whether he would type ‘hi mom’ or ‘hi dad’ first. But the Bruin’s were going for the Stanley Cup at the time and his first words were

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by Joan Kark-Wren I’ve always wanted to visit a ghost town but had written it off as an ‘out west’ trip, so you can imagine my excitement when my husband told me about a local ghost town, Tahawus — also called Adirondac (with various spellings). During the 19th century it was the site of a major iron ore mining and smelting operation. Consisting of 16 homes and a larger building used as a school, church and general assembly area, it was a company town of the Adirondack Iron Works. In 1857, Adirondack Iron Works left the area, leaving behind what became known as the ‘deserted village.’ In 1940 a new mine opened. National Lead Industries mined titanium dioxide, an impurity in the iron ore. This impurity was part of the reason for the Adirondack Iron Works failing, as their equipment had trouble processing the iron ore with the impurities in it. In 1943 a new community called Tahawus was established for the workers, using some of the buildings from Adirondac. By 1945 the town had 84 buildings.

Dick and Rick Hoyt at a half marathon in Virginia Beach. Photos courtesy of Dick Hoyt ‘go Bruins!,’ which proved to us and the principal at a local something we already knew, school, Rick was finally allowed just how much he loved to attend class. He instantly bonded with the gym teacher sports.” After using the unique com- there, who shared his passion puterized system to answer for sports. questions asked by teachers Team Hoyt page 4

Still standing are several dwellings alongside the road and deeper in the woods is a larger building and several smaller homes. On the road into the town is the blast furnace and remnants of the water-powered air system for the blast furnace. Armed with all this knowledge and following directions from a book, my husband Dan and I found ourselves driving slowly down the road, keeping a watchful eye out for any signs of the town. A few miles down the road we saw a large sign on the left. We stopped the car and peered up at the bank, not really impressed with the sight. We were starting to think there really wasn’t much to see. Suddenly Dan laughs and says, “Look out your window.” To our right was the blast furnace, literally 20 feet from the road, towering 50-60 feet high. We got out the explore it, and closer to the river saw the remnants of a water-powered air system. Driving down the road about a mile, we came upon the ‘village’ itself. Several houses by the road were falling in on themselves, one home (Macnaughton cottage) was in the process of being restored. This is where Vice President Theodore Roosevelt stayed while hiking Mt. Marcy. It was on

Hiking page 3

This blast furnace was built circa 1854 at an estimated cost of $43,000. Photos by Joan Kark-Wren


Page 2 June 26, 2013 • THE COUNTRY EDITOR •

Whatchamacallits Speculums are medical devices that hold open any cavity in the body. This particular

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lum for horses. The arms are inserted between the horse’s lips and the screw on the handle adjusts how far the speculum will open. Veterinarians typically use this device when working on a horse’s teeth. It could also be

used for other mouth and tongue inspections. Modern speculums come in a few styles and varieties. Not all are made from metals. You can find plastic or rubber ones, as well. Most are made in a wedge shape, with the narrow

end inserted into the horse’s mouth. This angle giving veterinarians more space in which to work. ~~

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by Al Dorantes Warning labels have been around in one form or another since we started putting labels on stuff. We painted them on cave walls and carved them into the rock. Greek mythology is thick with warnings. The myth of Pandora’s box (or more accurately, jar) is the epitome of warnings. Don’t open the box or bad things will happen. In the USA it all started in 1938 when Congress passed a law requiring food products to list ingredients on labels (opened the box). 1966 saw the surgeon general’s warning being placed on cigarette packs. 1973 Congress voted to label anything with “toxic substances”. It’s been downhill ever since. In America we have three levels of warning, CAUTION, WARNING and DANGER: Caution indicates a potentially hazardous situation that, if not avoided, may result in minor or moderate injury. Warning indicates a potentially hazardous situation that, if not avoided, could result in death or serious injury. Danger indicates an imminently hazardous situation that, if not avoided, will result in death or serious injury. This word is limited to the use in the most extreme situations. All makes sense. Sort of. Do we really need: “caution: may contain peanuts” on the package of peanuts? Does my can of Budweiser

really need to warn against the perils if alcoholism? “Enjoy responsibly” cancels the need to warn about misuse. A Hungry-Man dinner warned, “this product must be cooked before eating” and a package of Fruit-by-the-foot was labeled with, “peel fruit from cellophane backing before eating.” These are all for the benefit of Darwin’s exceptions. A plastic bag had the following printed on it; “WARNING. Plastic bags can be dangerous. To avoid suffocation keep this bag away from babies and children” This is an understandable warning. But, why the quotation marks? Is the bag, literally, saying this? Or, are the quote marks more like the sarcastic air quotes that some teenagers use when replying to their mothers? Like, “Sure, Mom. I’ll get right on it.” Warning labels on food are one thing. They almost make sense even in their most bizarre forms. Even more bizarre are the warnings on things we don’t ingest. We’re warned about nearly everything we use today; from hammers to cans of compressed air for cleaning your computer keyboard. In fact, your keyboard even has a warning: “some experts believe that use of any keyboard may cause serious injury to hands, wrists, arms, neck or back. If you feel pain, numbness, weakness in these areas see a qualified health professional.” Serious injury.

Are these warnings for the evolutionary challenged? Are the warnings for the ones who can’t handle surviving because they’re not the fittest? Or are these warnings manufactured in bright yellow or red for the benefit of lawyers and insurance actuaries? The infamous 1994 McDonald’s hot coffee law suit (Liebeck v. McDonalds Restaurants) that led to: “contents may be hot” being printed on what seems like every coffee cup manufactured since wasn’t just about a simple warning label. That was about tort reform. The result was the same. Another warning label. One of the more interesting, modern, examples of warning labels are the side effect notices that pharmaceutical companies feel the need to inform us about. These warnings are so ubiquitous that we don’t even notice them anymore. The

pharmaceutical companies just tack them on the end of their commercials. Print ads have whole pages warning what might happen if you take the advertised drug. “The most common side effects of one leading allergy medicine include headache, viral infection, sore throat, nosebleeds, or cough.” Wait a minute. Aren’t those the symptoms that the prescription is supposed to treat and not cause? The bottom line is we may live in a safer world because of all these warning labels but we certainly don’t live in a smarter one. Why think when you can just look for a label? Is this good for me? Check the label. Can I take this extension cord into the bath tub? Check the label. Was this article good? Check the label.

This is an understandable warning. But, why the quotation marks? Photo by Al Dorantes

Hiking from page 1 that hike he learned President William McKinley was dying and headed back to be sworn in as president. Further back into the woods were buildings that were missing roofs and were partially caved in. A dumping site revealed old tires, parts to cars, a wringer washing machine and jugs, dishes and bottles of that era. It was fun walking through the shadowy woods, just my husband and I, wondering about the lives of the people who had called this home so many years ago. We decided it was a place our boys would enjoy and a few weeks later had the opportunity to bring up our son Christopher and a couple of his friends. We started at the largest building, walking around it, admiring the workmanship of the exposed fireplace, and wondering if the building had been a manager’s home or used as a boarding home for visitors. Dan and the others decided to hike back a bit further to see if there were any other houses. Carefully making my way around to the side of the house, I was lost in my thoughts, enjoying the peaceful surroundings and feeling just the slightest

bit nervous about being alone there, thinking of spirits and ghosts of people long gone. The quietness of the woods, the dappled sunlight and dampness of rotting wood added to the feeling of being lost in another world. Coming around the corner, I spotted a great photo op. The door to the side room had fallen off its hinges and lay in the doorway. It directed your eye to a tree growing outside of the window, making a natural double frame. I was looking through the viewfinder to get just the right shot, when suddenly there was a face in the window. I jerked the camera away from my face, half expecting to see a strange person (or ghost!) only to realize it was Christopher’s friend Adam — what a relief! The rest of trip I stayed closer to the group. Getting there From the town of Newcomb, take Route 28N to Blue Ridge Road for approximately 1.1 miles, turn left onto Tahawus Road for just under six miles. You’ll see the blast furnace first on your right, the town is about one mile down from there. There is a parking lot just past the town that is also the Upper

Many of the abandoned buildings are falling down.

Ready to explore a ‘ghost town’! L-R Michael Wren, Patrick Stuff, Bill Wren and Dan Wren. Works trailhead to Mt. Marcy. Know of a great hiking spot? Tell us For more information visit about it and we’ll pay you $25 plus $5 http://apa.ny.govpress/OSI_Tahawus. per photo for every story we print. htm Send stories and photos to

This large building is in better condition than most in the town.

jkarkwren@leepub.com

Finding items like this shoe that have long since been left behind can spark your imagination thinking of who it belonged to and how it ended up being left there.

Page 3 • THE COUNTRY EDITOR • June 26, 2013

Warning: Contents may be hazardous to your health


Page 4 June 26, 2013 • THE COUNTRY EDITOR •

Letterr too thee Editor Editor, I enjoyed reading the articles about the young moose that was saved, and the ‘animal artist’ [June 19 issue]. What was most disheartening was the misfortune of the poor shark that landed in the fisherman’s boat was hacked to death [Pair stunned when 303pound shark jumps in boat] and the raccoons [Something unexpected]. Why do people have to kill? Why not let them live?? God intended us to be stewards to his creatures: not murderers. It’s a shame that society as a rule is so accepting of this. Shame on you for ever printing such upsetting ‘news’. We need a kinder-gentler society: one that recognizes that animals have just as much right to be here as we do. Lisa Woodward & Family Frankfort

Bear with head stuck in jar rescued JAMISON CITY, PA— Four central Pennsylvania residents said they used only a rope and a flashlight during a wild chase to rescue a young bear whose head had been stuck in a plastic jar for at least 11 days. The frightened but powerful bruin fell into a swimming pool at least twice during the ordeal, according to a report Saturday in the Press Enterprise of B l o o m s b u r g (http://bit.ly/166z97k ). But the group eventually yanked off the jar and set the animal free.

“I thought, `No one is going to believe us,”’ said Morgan Laskowski, 22, the bartender at the Jamison City Hotel and a member of the impromptu bear-wrangling team. Area residents first spotted the 100-pound bruin with its head in a red jar on June 3, but it eluded game wardens. The animal was attracted to the container because it appeared to have once contained cooking oil. “He put his head in, and had a problem,” said Mike Jurbala, 68, another rescuer. “He’d

Team Hoyt from 1 The Country Editor welcomes your opinion. Please email Letters to the And when the teacher took him to a Editor to jkarkwren@leepub.com or basketball game one evening, he heard mail to Country Editor, PO Box 121, an announcement that ultimately led to a lifetime of father-son racing. Palatine Bridge, NY 13428

“During the game, the announcer told of a lacrosse player at the school who had been in an accident and The was paralyzed from the waist down,” said Dick. “Rick wanted to show the Justt goodd reading student that his life wasn’t Published weekly on Wednesday by Lee Publications over so he told me he want6113 St. Hwy. 5, Palatine Bridge, NY 13428 ed to help raise money by Publisher, President Frederick W. Lee running in a 5K charity race V.P., General Manager for him.” Bruce Button Of course, Rick couldn’t V.P., Production participate alone. He needed Mark W. Lee his father to push him. Dick sporadically ran a Comptroller........Robert Moyer mile or so, not the 3.1 miles Managing Editor......Joan Kark-Wren he needed to complete for Page Composition.......Deb Countryman the race. But he could not Production Coordinator........Jessica Mackay deny his son and he comShop Foreman...........Harry Delong mitted to entering and finJohn Snyder, Sales Manager ishing the event, no matter 518-673-0129, jsnyder@leepub.com what it took. Sue Handy, Sales Associate “We didn’t have anything 518-673-0131, shandy@leepub.com but his regular wheelchair, Kristen Lee, Sales Associate which was very hard to 518-673-0100, klee@leepub.com push walking, let alone runFred Mang, Sales associate ning,” said Dick. “I was 45 518-441-7299, fmang @leepub.com and not in the best shape, Mary Skinner, Sales associate but we managed to do the 518-673-0130, mskinner@leepub.com whole thing, finishing secBrandy Serow, Sales Associate ond to last, but not last. The 315-272-9702, bserow@leepub.com only problem was that after Beth Snyder , Sales associate 518-673-0101, bsnyder@leepub.com the race, I was disabled. I Jed Suits, Sales associate didn’t know how many mus518-673-0131, jsuits@leepub.com cles could hurt at once!” Reader ads 518-673-3011 or 800-218-5586 Rick was ecstatic. He Bruce Button-Corporate Sales Manager pecked on his keyboard, let518-673-3011, bbutton@leepub.com ter -by-letter, telling his Accounting/Billing-Alyce Moyer father that when they were 518-673-0149, amoyer@leepub.com running, he felt like his disSend all correspondence to: ability disappeared. He PO Box 121, Palatine Bridge, NY 13428 dubbed himself “Freebird” Advertising e-mail: jsnyder@leepub.com and even asked to have a Editorial e-mail: jkarkwren@leepub.com sign made with the name on Website: www.countryeditor.net 518-673-3011 Phone • 518-673-2381 Fax it so it could be permanentWe cannot GUARANTEE the return of photographs. Publisher ly attached to his chair. is not responsible for typographical errors. Size, style of type After their first race, and locations of advertisements are left to the discretion of the publisher. The opinions expressed in this publication are not Freebird and his father were necessarily those of the publisher. We will not knowingly accept hooked. Dick and his wife or publish advertising which is fraudulent or misleading in nature. The publisher reserves the sole right to edit, revise or had a new wheelchair made reject any and all advertising with or without cause being with three wheels, lightassigned which in his judgement is unwholesome or contrary to weight tubing and an insert the interest of this publication. We assume no financial responsibility for typographical errors in advertisement, but if at fault, where Rick could sit comwill reprint that portion of the ad in which the error appears. fortably. Then, they began

Countryy Editor

have died in a couple more days.” Jurbala saw the bear Thursday night as he was leaving the bar at the Jamison City Hotel. He called Jeff Hubler, a local employee of the state Game Commission who had been among those trying to capture it for days with a lasso. The two teamed up with Laskowski and her mother, bar owner Jody Boyle, to follow the bear through the darkness. “You knew where he was because you could hear him banging into things,” Jurbala said. They cornered the bear in a resident’s backyard, where it

ended up falling into a pool a couple of times. Eventually, they wrangled the animal into a position where Hubler could pull off the jar. “You’d think the bear would be weak,

entering one race after another. “Our first official race with the chair was in Springfield, MA and no one would come near us and most didn’t want us to participate,” Dick told The Country Editor. “It was 6.2 miles and we came in 150th out of 300 runners. Every weekend, we went to a different town in a different city to run and when people started to realize they could talk to Rick, they loved his sense of humor and we began to inspire them.” To date, the father and son team-Team Hoyt-has been in nearly 2,000 races, including trIathlons, marathons, Ironman events and many others. They have raced all over the United States and in Canada, Japan and Germany, to name a few locations. In order to compete in events that require swimming and biking, the Piels had to have special equipment made. And Dick had to find the most efficient and safest way to take Rick in tow. “We outfitted a wooden Boston Whaler boat with a beanbag chair where Rick can sit comfortably while I tow the boat during the swim portion of races using a rope tied to my vest,” he said. “I have to carry him out of the water when I transition him to the bike, which is no easy task.” In the early years, Dick pulled Rick in his racing chair behind his bike. Today though, Dick has a bike with a seat built in above the front wheel. The design not only allows him to keep an eye on Rick, it puts his son in position to shield him from all of the bugs, he joked. After nearly 30 years of racing together and inspiring people all over the world, Team Hoyt plans to run in one more Boston marathon as a tribute to those who lost their lives or were injured in this year’s race. They will continue running in shorter distance races as well. Dick doesn’t want to stop enjoying this special time with Rick, who is now 51 years old. He also wants to stay in shape as long as possible. “I had a heart attack in 2002, a result of a genetic cholesterol problem. My doctors said that if I hadn’t been in such great shape, I would have died,” he said. “I feel that I helped Rick have a great life and in turn, he saved mine.”

because it hadn’t eaten or drunk for a week, but it was strong,” Boyle said. Hubler said people should keep lids on food jars that they throw away.

Photo provided by www.abc3340.com

Richard Hoyt, age 73 and his son Rick, 51 competed in the 2013 Boston Marathon. In 1995, both men made the Men’s Health 100 fittest men of all time list. Dick was 24th and Rick was 25th-an achievement Dick hails as a major victory as it was the first and only time he beat his son at anything. It’s no wonder that Team Hoyt was on that list. They have drawn attention from fans all over the world, receiving letters, emails and calls from people who considered suicide, were alcoholics and drug addicts, or simply down-and-out before hearing of Dick and Rick. “The best part of what we have done is learning that other people were inspired to beat depression or to put down a harmful substance and pick up racing because of us,” noted Dick. He and Rick have reached out to help even more people through their writing. Rick has a children’s book called “Rick’s Story” for 1st through 4th graders. It tells of his story and how he overcame his disability. He also has a new release, “One letter at a Time,” a title reflective of how he first began communicating. Dick has told his story too in “Devoted: The Story of a Father’s Love for His Son.” The team also has three DVDs available on the their website, TeamHoyt.com.


Hello Again, According to Wall Street data, most of the huge international (America-based) companies are posting great profits. It could be said, “The stock market is booming.” Being a simple country boy thinker, I wonder how many of those huge profit making companies are in fact American companies in heart. The question could be, “If they are in fact making those huge profits – where is all that money going?” Is that money creating employment here in America or is it being funneled to some other business expansion in a foreign country, which in fact, will kill more American jobs – again? Are you getting rich? Do you know anyone who is getting rich? The answer should be – the owners of those stock companies. The owners are those investors – such as you and I – who have purchased shares of stock in stock companies (aka corporations.) So what is happening to all of that money? In some cases, the profit rich companies are buying other companies. In

other words, they are taking profits, which in great part should be shared with their stockholders, and buying other companies – sometimes paying more for those companies than the stock value of the company. Some companies are just plain stock-piling the money. Worded in a more simple way, they are using our money (stock holders) to purchase another company and in so doing, failing to pay us, their owners, the dividends we deserve. Then, due to the fact the parent company is considered larger, increase the salaries and perks of management. To make matters worse, by using hocus pocus camouflage, our so-called American companies are building or supporting factories in foreign countries, which cause our homeland factories to close. In nearly all cases, the top management group – board members, presidents, vice presidents, CEO’s, CFO’s, and others are receiving compensation for their so-called expertise and efforts at a basically immoral level; often millions of dollars per year in salary with perks and options worth even more. I dare not name the famous oil millionaire who says, “Most of those higher ups in America’s biggest cor-

porations do not even know what they are doing and that middle management actually runs the companies.” It would appear that we might be the most gullible working class in the world. In fact, we are the most gullible if we swallow all of the lies offered up to us by Washington. For example the June 7, 2013 payroll jobs report released states that 179,000 new jobs were created in the month of May. That certainly sounds good, too good to be true? You decide. Let’s back track for a bit so that we can make an intelligent decision. Let’s say that here in our valley a hotdog stand operator hires a waiter to serve up his hot dogs. Can that job be considered a source of new money for our area? Or will nearly all of the hot dogs be sold to native valley residents who will pay for the hot dogs with money already in their pockets, which was already here in the valley? Has any new money been created or merely swapped from one valley pocket to another valley pocket? Is that job creation? Nearly every job that was created and reported in the jobs report was similar in one way or another to our hot dog job. Nearly none manufac-

tured a product here and sold it out of the U.S.A. The only new job figure that would truly make sense would be to manufacture some item here in our valley and sell it to a user in say Colorado, or New Mexico. Better yet, sell it to some user in a foreign country: China, Japan, England, or Germany. Now that would be real job creation. Washington keeps suggesting we create jobs by hiring teachers, police officers and government workers. The only thing that accomplishes is to create additional drain on the tax dollar, and up go your taxes. That makes about as much sense as a married man hiring his wife to work in their home and claim he has created a job. Let’s take a look at the year 1967. Montgomery County had its own daily newspaper, the Amsterdam Evening Recorder and Daily Democrat. It was a fine local daily owned by a family. Now in the 2013 the name has been changed to The Recorder – no reference to Amsterdam or the political word democrat. I wonder why? However, with the loss of subscribers which the daily newspaper industry

is facing, we are fortunate to still have our own daily, and it is still printed in Amsterdam. Utica lost its morning newspaper –The Press – and changed the moniker of its remaining daily newspaper to just plain Observer. The Herkimer Telegram, The Little Falls Times, and The Observer are no longer printed in Oneida County. Over recent years three Oneida and Herkimer county daily newspapers have closed their print shop doors and now are printed in southern New York. Even though OneidaHerkimer counties lost those valuable jobs – let’s be thankful the three papers are not products of China, Japan or elsewhere. An August 21, 1967 Associated Press release stated President Johnson holds a slim 15-13 margin of support for his Vietnam War policies among 28 senators whose seats will be at stake in the 1968 elections. Is it possible that President Obama will lose support from members of his own democrat party, such as L.B. Johnson did in 1967 when democrats fear losing their seats due to the much feared health program?

should not be there to start with. Little Billy threw his school books on the kitchen counter. “What did Mama’s little baby learn in school?” asked his mother. “I larned two six grade punks to not call me ‘Mama’s little baby!’” he proudly said. It has been reported that in Washington, two groups were hired on the same day: one group to dig up facts on our economy and the other to bury them. They were both taught to say, “I can’t remember.” In the first verse of the Holy Bible, it says, “God created the Heavens and the Earth.” Who would be better at giving us advice on government, business, and personal life than he who created it in the beginning? Read the Bible – it’s God’s way of communication. Well until next time, keep on smiling and saying your prayers. Say howdy to your neighbors and wave to the red three-wheeled Spyder when it putts by. Remember, two hands. Fred Lee and Family

Would you back a party policy that you may not believe in, which could cost your seat as a U.S. senator or representative? I believe if either did support a policy they did not believe in, their moral fiber is so weak that they

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Page 5 • THE COUNTRY EDITOR • June 26, 2013

June 26, 2013


Page 6 June 26, 2013 • THE COUNTRY EDITOR •

Texas governor signs 'Merry Christmas' bill into law by Will Weissert AUSTIN, TX — Surrounded by sleigh bellringing Santa Claus impersonators, Governor Rick Perry signed a law protecting Christmas and other holiday celebrations in Texas public schools from legal challenges — but also stressed that freedom of religion is not the same thing as freedom from religion. It was a serious tone for an otherwise fun billsigning and should bolster the governor’s Christian conservative credentials before he travels to Washington for the Faith & Freedom Coalition’s “Road to Majority” conference with the likes of tea party darlings and U.S. Senators Marco Rubio of Florida, Kentucky’s Rand Paul and fellow Texan Ted Cruz. Dubbed the “Merry Christmas bill,” the bipartisan measure sailed through the state House and Senate to reach Perry’s desk. It removes legal risks of saying “Merry Christmas” in schools while also protecting traditional holiday symbols, such as a menorah or nativity scene, as long as more than one religion and a secular symbol are also reflected. “I realize it’s only June. But it’s a good June and the holidays are coming early this year,” Perry said. “It’s a shame that a bill like this one I’m signing today is even required, but I’m glad that we’re standing up for religious freedom in this state. Religious freedom does not mean freedom from religion.” During the last Sunday of the legislative session on May 26, Representative Donna Howard, an Austin Democrat, gave the Texas House’s daily prayer. “We are fortunate to live in a country where we have the freedom to exercise the religion of our

choosing while also being free from having any religion imposed upon us,” said Howard, herself a Unitarian Universalist. Her words prompted some conservative lawmakers to hold their own, separate prayer session moments later. Perry did not mention Howard or her prayer, but invited to the signing ceremony cheerleaders from Kountze High School in East Texas. They were briefly barred by their school district from displaying banners with bible verses at football games. Perry decried the ban and a judge eventually ruled it violated students’ free speech rights. The governor said the law was for believers such as the Kountze cheerleaders, who wore red “I cheer for Christ” T-shirts. The bill’s sponsor, Republican Rep. Dwayne Bohac of Houston, said he drafted it after discovering that his son’s school erected a “holiday tree” in December because any mention of Christmas could spark litigation. “We hope that this is a fire that will take off and become laws in the other 49 states,” said Bohac. The proposal has drawn little public opposition. Tom Hargis, a

spokesman for the American Civil Liberties Union of Texas, declined to comment beyond a statement that “we hope administrators and teachers remain mindful that it’s an important role of parents to teach their children about matters of faith, not our public schools.” Bohac said Perry “is not a governor that shirks away from the tough issues. And this should not be a tough issue, which is what’s even amazing about all this. But this is just political correctness that’s run amok and our brains have completely fallen out as a result.” As Perry signed, 10 members of a group called the Lone Star Santas — with long white beards but wearing colorful summer garb rather than their traditional red suits — cheered and rang bells. Standing behind Perry’s desk was Glenn Westberry, or “Santa G” from Houston, and Rabbi Zev Johnson of the Rohr Chabad Jewish Center at the University of Texas. Both cheered the measure, with Westberry saying he has been “persona non grata in Texas schools for too long.” Johnson joked, “I thought this was the ‘Happy Hanukkah’ law.”

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by Alex Veiga, AP Business Writer Even with low interest rates that make buying a car more affordable, many consumers are leasing a new car or truck instead. New vehicle leasing climbed in the first three months of 2013 to the highest level in seven years, according to Experian Automotive, a unit of credit data tracker Experian. Leasing made up nearly 28 percent of all new vehicles financed in the quarter — the great-

est proportion in records that go back to 2006. “Lenders have seen overall stability come back to the market since the recession, and leasing has gradually returned as a larger part of many lender strategies,” said Melinda Zabritski, senior director of automotive credit at Experian. Leasing has its perks, especially if you want to drive a new car every couple of years while keeping monthly payments low. But understanding whether leasing is right

for you and how complex lease agreements work is essential to avoid ending up paying more than you bargained for. Here are six tips to get a good deal when leasing a new car or truck: • Understand the difference between leasing and buying Generally, buying a car and holding onto it for many years is the least expensive way to own a vehicle. While cars and trucks depreciate, or lose value over time, the vehicles re-

tain some value that you can always turn around and apply toward your next purchase. But if you lease, you only get to drive the car for a fixed period of time. Your monthly lease payments go toward paying for the depreciation in the vehicle, not ownership. And there are restrictions on how many miles you can rack up on the car during the lease period. When the lease term expires, you can buy the car or lease another new vehicle.

Automotive Leasing offers many benefits, particularly when it comes to payments. While some dealerships will ask for some money down, the monthly payment will typically be less than what you’d pay if you borrowed money to buy the car. And the short-term commitment opens the door for you to drive a newer car after a couple of years. “If you’re really focusing on your short-term financial situation, lease has much appeal,” Jeff

Bartlett, deputy editor at ConsumerReports.org. “But if you have the luxury of looking long-term, buying will be a better investment.” Still not sure whether it lease or buy? Try running the numbers through online calculators like this o n e : www.bankrate.com/calculators/auto/lease-buycar.aspx • Don’t forget to haggle Consumers have become accustomed to haggling over the price of a

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Page 7 • THE COUNTRY EDITOR • June 26, 2013

Six tips on getting a good deal on an auto lease


Page 8 June 26, 2013 • THE COUNTRY EDITOR •

Six from 7 car, down payment or interest rate on a loan when buying a car, but few realize you can employ the same strategy when you lease. “Many people fall into the allure of the low monthly price that is being offered to them,” Bartlett says. “You’re just handing over to the dealer more money.” As in a purchase transaction, experts recommend someone contemplating a lease take steps to familiarize themselves with the sticker price and any factory incentives being offered on the car.

Then haggle with the sales staff to get a lower price before applying the lease terms. • Be realistic about mileage Lease contracts include limits over how many miles you can put on the vehicle. Once you go above the limit set forth in the lease, you’ll be charged a per-mile rate. A common annual limit is 12,000 miles, though some drivers may be tempted to opt for as low as 10,000 miles to save money. Be realistic about how much you’ll need to drive, or you could face

hundreds of dollars in fees at the end of the lease term. One option is to prepay for additional miles at a lower rate. But make sure you have it built into the lease agreement that you’ll be credited for any unused miles. • Avoid leases longer than three years More than half of all new auto leases are for between two and three years, according to Ex-

perian. Dealerships are increasingly offering longer lease periods, but you should resist leases that run for more than three years, advises Philip Reed, senior consumer advice editor for car research site Edmunds.com. That’s because longer lease terms can expose you to having to pay for repairs such as tire and brake replacements.

• Think twice about buying your leased vehicle At the end of the lease term, you’ll have the right to buy the car you’ve been leasing for a predetermined amount known as the residual value. With few exceptions, you’ll generally end up paying more than if you had just bought the car to begin with, says Bartlett. Reed advises that driv-

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Artist aims to inspire children by Beth Reese Cravey Jacksonville, FL — In much of his art, George E. Miller II likes to weave hidden messages for children to find. The words and phrases are meant to inspire and encourage them to embrace learning, build character, stay in school and aim high. His illustration called “Caught Reading” pictures a girl on the floor, sitting against a wooden bookcase, open book in hand, a look of joy on her

face. In the wood grain of the bookcase, “read” appears. Above, below or beside each of the six faces in “It’s Cool to Have Character” are the words trustworthiness, respect, responsibility, fairness, caring and citizenship. And in “The Thrill of Technology,” which shows a group of children huddled around a computer, the word curiosity is on the computer cord. Miller, 52, who lives in OakLeaf in Clay County and works out of his home, calls himself a

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child advocacy artist. He coined the term himself. “That just happened... kind of a natural fit,” he said. “My art has always had children in it ... That’s what I became.” He specializes in multicultural, child advocacy illustrations for schools and offices. His work addresses many children’s issues, such as education, foster care, autism, character education, leadership and dropout prevention. He travels across the country, attending conferences of agencies, non-

profits and other organizations that work with children. He sets up a booth, sells his art and frequently donates a piece to be raffled off, with proceeds going to help children. In April in Jacksonville, he attended the 20th annual Child Abuse Prevention Luncheon and Conference held by the Exchange Club Family Center of Northeast Florida. He first signed up as a vendor and later donated a piece of art. Exchange Club officials were impressed.

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“George Miller offers a fresh, unique vision as an artist that is inspiring to children and adults alike. His passion for his work is apparent through the quality of his art,” said Jack Morison, Exchange Club Family Center’s board chairman. “As an organization that works to prevent child abuse, we were proud to showcase his talent at our event and look forward to working with him again.” In addition to conferences, he is frequently invited to schools as a speaker or to offer art instruction. Miller figures his art is in every school in Duval County and one, “It Takes A Village,” was used in the movie “The Preacher’s Wife.” He also does commemorative posters and custom illustrations and is leading Community Connections youth as they paint a mural at the A.L. Lewis after-school center on the Northside. Miller has also been to Arkansas, Colorado, Washington, D.C., in recent months and is headed to Utah in June. Although the Pittsburgh

native is used to moving around, having been in the Air Force, he said the frequent travel can be a grind. And he’s not likely to get rich. But he said he continues because of his love for children and respect for the people who educate and care for them. Also at work is his passion to bring awareness to the growing problem of illiteracy. Knowing that his art may help those causes keeps him going. “It’s everything. That’s why I keep doing it. As hard as the work is ... it is so important. I can’t imagine doing anything else.”

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Page 9 • THE COUNTRY EDITOR • June 26, 2013

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It is often difficult to stick to a project when you don’t see any results, or worse yet, you only experience opposition. How can we continue doing something hard with no encouragement? The important word is “endurance.” Where do you get the stamina, fortitude and staying power to endure in the face of opposition? By keeping your eye on the goal. How many racers with burning lungs and painful joints would have finished the marathon if they didn’t have the finish line fixed firmly in their minds? Endurance implies working hard now for a reward that will come sometime in the future. Regarding our lives, the Bible says, “let us run with endurance the race that is set before us, fixing our eyes on Jesus, the author and finisher of our faith . . . consider Him who has endured such hostility by sinners against Himself, so that you may not grow weary and lose heart.” (Hebrews 12:1-3) Ideally, we should be like Christ (Romans 8:28, 29) and this is how we can achieve that.

Page 11 • THE COUNTRY EDITOR • June 26, 2013

S h o p ‘ Til Y o u D ro p I n H er k im er !


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Travel almost any roadway in our region during the summer or fall, and you'll be treated to a colorful display of wildflowers. Although the spring “ephemerals” (those can grow, bloom, then die back) of woodlands such as trillium are wildflowers too, it is those of meadows we often think about first. It is these that the National Garden Bureau are promoting in 2013 as Year of the Wildflower (www.ngb.org). If you'd like to duplicate the wild in your own backyard, here are some guidelines for seeding a wildflower garden. The most important part is the planning. You need to think about selecting suitable species, soil preparation, and environmental requirements for germination and

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seedling establishment. Taking the time to plan now will allow you to enjoy the benefits of your labor later when plants are established and require little

rainfall, pH, and type of soil. Whenever possible, try to select native species as they often perform better than non-natives (which you may see

bergamot, common evening-primrose, lupines, stiff goldenrod, smooth white beardtongue, black-eyed Susan, three-lobed rud-

Travel almost any roadway in our region during the summer or fall, and you'll be treated to a colorful display of wildflowers. maintenance. You don’t have to devote a huge parcel of land and recreate a meadow. Wildflower gardens may be a bed or border, or used to replace small areas of turfgrass. The first step in starting a wildflower area is choosing an appropriate site and matching plant species to environmental factors such as climate,

called “aliens” or “exotics”). Native species generally are more beneficial to pollinators and beneficial insects too. Try and select species for bloom through the season. Some good choices for the Northeast are Eastern red columbine, swamp milkweed, lanceleaf coreopsis, oxeye sunflower, blazing star, wild

beckia, and New England asters. Some that we commonly see along roads in fields, such as the blue chicory and white Queen Anne’s lace and oxeye daisy, actually are not native. They came from other temperate areas originally, and have become naturalized in

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Page 13 • THE COUNTRY EDITOR • June 26, 2013

Backyard wildflower gardens


Page 14 June 26, 2013 • THE COUNTRY EDITOR •

Backyard from 13 North America. Seed mixes that contain non-native species such as California poppies may sound appealing, but what will happen is that after the first year, these species will no longer germinate, leaving space for undesirable plants to grow. Research also supports a higher rate of germination and survival for native species, an important factor in establishing wildflower gardens. You can find much more on native plants, lists, and sources from the Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower C e n t e r (www.wildflower.org). Determining a species' desirability as a backyard plant is also important. Remember, your wildflower garden will become part of your landscape.

Ask yourself if the species you are considering has desirable characteristics such as showy vegetation or attractive flowers. Does it have a good root system? Or is the species a poor choice because it is considered a noxious weed, such as purple loosestrife (L ythrum), which is actually banned in some areas? If making a small garden, you can find and plant potted perennials during the summer from many specialty nurseries. Early autumn's typically cool, wet months makes that the optimum time to sow seeds for next spring's wildflowers. Some species germinate in the fall, and this gives them time to establish a root system and grow into leafy rosettes before overwintering. Other seeds

may require the winter cold to break their dormancy before they will germinate. Seedlings can establish more easily in late summer or early fall without the competition from weeds. Use summer to get the site prepared. You will need a good seed bed, just as you do when you are planting a vegetable garden or establishing a lawn. Rake out all debris and stones to prepare a smooth surface for planting. A common myth is that wildflower seeds can be scattered to the four winds on unprepared soil, and they'll produce a lovely patch. Not so. Broadcast seed uniformly over the seed bed, cover with a light sprinkling of straw, and push the seeds in firmly. Then water gently. Fertiliza-

tion, in most cases, does not benefit the plants and can cause excess vegetative growth at the expense of the flowering. Next spring, help your garden along by weeding out unwanted plants and weeds. Your garden will also benefit from an application of fertilizer, either organic or commercial, to provide extra nutrients to the growing plants. Finally, be patient! Time is needed for your wildflower patch to become established, but once it is, it should reward you with continual blooms with some, but

minimal, maintenance. You can find more on establishing and maintaining wildflower meadows in a companion article (pss.uvm.edu/ppp/ articles/meadow.html). If you’d just like to learn

some of our common wildflowers, or identify ones in particular, check out the simple and visual key online of the New England Wildflower Society (gobotany.newenglandwild.org/simple).

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Page 15 • THE COUNTRY EDITOR • June 26, 2013

S h o p ‘ Til Y o u D ro p I n H er k im er !


Page 16 June 26, 2013 • THE COUNTRY EDITOR •

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One of the great mysteries of home buying, at least to those who have never been through the process, is closing costs. While nearly everyone has heard of them, few who haven’t had to pay them really understand them. Even some people who have paid them aren’t sure what they spent all that money on. Closing costs are the various fees that a homebuyer must pay before the mortgage lender

will finalize the mortgage. Generally speaking, these costs are about 3 to 6 percent of the amount borrowed. That is in addition to your down payment. Following are some of the components of your total closing costs. The lender will charge an application fee to cover the costs of completing your mortgage application. This may or may not include the fee for your credit report. They will also

charge a loan origination fee, also known as points. This covers the administrative costs of processing your mortgage. One point is equal to 1 percent of the total amount loaned. Many lenders offer the option to purchase without points, but keep in mind that this will result in a higher interest rate. There are also lenders who will let you pay additional points to lower the interest on your loan.

Title insurance will be required by your lender. This protects you and the mortgage company in case the seller does not have the legal right to sell it. There could be unknown co-owners of the property, or it could have an unpaid lien against it that would prevent the seller from legally selling it. An appraisal is also required by lenders. This is to ensure that the home is worth the amount loaned to you to purchase it. A home inspection is not usually re-

quired, but it’s a good idea to have one. The cost of the inspection could also be considered part of closing costs. Homeowners insurance is a standard requirement of mortgage lenders. They will require proof of it and may require you to pay the first year’s premium before closing. Private mortgage insurance may also be required depending on the amount of your down payment, and part of the fee will be included in your closing costs. Taxes associated with

the transfer are usually the buyer’s responsibility, unless other arrangements are agreed upon. You may also have to pay for a survey of the property. You will likely be required to pay the interest accrued between the time your mortgage was originated and the due date of your first payment. Attorney and notary fees may also be a part of your closing costs. Closing costs are comprised of all of the expenses that must be paid before the purchase of your new home is finalized. Points are a fee charged by your lender that may be somewhat flexible and directly affect your interest rate. Knowing what these terms mean and what fees they consist of can help you be more prepared for them when the time comes. Source: Sir William Johnson Realty

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Page 17 • THE COUNTRY EDITOR • June 26, 2013

Closing costs and points explained


Page 18 June 26, 2013 • THE COUNTRY EDITOR •

Virginia site of Pocahontas rescue will be preserved by Steve Szkotak

GLOUCESTER, VA— A farm field overlooking the York River in Tidewater Virginia is believed to be where Pocahontas interceded with her powerful father Powhatan to rescue English Capt. John Smith from death. That’s a fanciful footnote for many Virginia Indians, historians and archaeologists, who say the real story is that this land was the center of a complex, sprawling empire ruled by Powhatan long before the first permanent English settlement in American was founded in 1607. It was called Werowocomoco, which roughly translates to a “place of chiefs.” “This is like our Washington,” said Kevin Brown, chief of the Pamunkey tribe. “History didn’t begin in 1607 and there are a lot of people who overlook that.” On loan to archaeologists for more than a decade, these 57 privately owned acres will be preserved forever under an agreement years in the making. The deal is important for Native Americans because they believe their story has been overshadowed for centuries by the narrative of Smith and

his fellow Europeans. In a departure from past digs involving native sites, archaeologists sought the counsel of Indian leaders before and during the exploration, honoring their wishes that burial grounds not be disturbed and helping interpret what was discovered. For Ashley Atkins, a College of William & Mary doctoral candidate who has worked at the site since 2005, “recovering things out of the ground” was secondary to working with her fellow Pamunkey. “Unfortunately, native people in the past have had no involvement at all in the way that their history has been investigated, uncovered and presented to the public,” said Atkins, who is 28. “Most people would think, ‘They wouldn’t be involved in uncovering your own history?’ But the reality is that has not been the common practice.” Jeff Brown, a Pamunkey and Kevin Brown’s brother, worked at the site for years. He recalled Indians visiting the sweeping expanse overlooking the York River and being overcome. “It gets emotional,” he said. “And when you’re digging you can really

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feel it.” Martin Gallivan, a William & Mary anthropologist, said the involvement of native people “enhanced the project immensely.” Only a fraction of Werewocomoco has been explored, perhaps just 2 percent. After decades of research, archaeologists used the writings of Smith and others, ancient maps and detective work to conclude with near-certainty that this was Powhatan’s seat of power about 15 miles from Jamestown. Powhatan’s chiefdom covered 30 political divisions and a population of 15,000 to 20,000 people while Jamestown settlers struggled to survive. Excavations have yielded the outline of the largest longhouse ever found in Virginia and a system of ditches that may have separated sacred and secular areas. Randolph Turner, a retired state archaeologist whose hunt for Werewocomoco dates to the 1970s, said Powhatan’s empire was “one of the most complex political entities in all of eastern North America.” The leader “had the power of life and death” and expanded his empire through warfare or the threat of warfare.

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ment: the state of Virginia,” he said. Lynn Ripley said, “It’s their heritage, their history. We felt a huge responsibility to protect it.” She hopes her collection of artifacts can be displayed someday in a museum on the site. Centuries after Powhatan ruled, L ynn Ripley said, this place still resonates with what it once was. “It’s definitely a sacred place,” she said. “It’s serene, it’s spiritual, it’s beautiful. I feel very good about what we’ve done.”

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Park Service, William & Mary, the Virginia Department of Historic Resources and the Association for the Preservation of Virginia Antiquities. Virginia Indians hope work at the site will continue to build on what is known about Powhatan and the centuries before him, dispelling myths about what the first European settlers found when they arrived. “I want people to understand there was a real civilization, a complex cultural community that existed prior to European colonization,” Atkins said. “Europeans didn’t bring civilization. They brought a lot of other things, some good, some bad.” Kathleen Kilpatrick, executive director of the state’s historic resources agency, said the site “certainly tells an aspect of a story that often goes untold. In tangible ways, it is their Jamestown.” When Kilpatrick approached them with the idea of preserving the site, “We decided it really is the best thing,” Robert Ripley said. “If we do nothing else for Virginia Indians, we’ve done the very best because we have preserved it for all time with an entity that has the power to enforce its ease-

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“He’s one of the most interesting political and military figures that I’ve ever read about,” Turner said. “And we’re just getting hints in the historical records of all he accomplished in his lifetime.” The discovery of Werewocomoco can be credited to a purebred dog belonging to the land’s owners, Lynn and Robert Ripley. Lynn Ripley used to walk around their land with her Chesapeake Bay Retriever, an American Kennel Club competitor named Mobjack Rhett Master Hunter. She would remove debris that could cut her dog’s paws, and found arrowheads, spear tips, pipe stems and pottery shards. “I just seemed to have an eye for it,” she said. “That’s how it all began, so our dog wouldn’t cut his feet. It’s like we were meant to be there and I was meant to find these things.” The clincher was the discovery of copper, which was valued by the Indians as gold is today. “I am absolutely convinced this is Werewocomoco,” Turner said. “It makes no sense for it to be anywhere else.” That conclusion is supported by the U.S.

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by Alex Veiga, AP Business Writer Finding a job in a slowgrowing economy is daunting enough without new financial obligations. Yet that’s the challenge many graduating university students will face before too long. The clock on their student loans will begin counting down to their first payment due date. Both federal and private student loans give borrowers a six-month grace period before they’re required to begin making payments. Grads also have options to defer payments in certain situations, or even have their balance reduced if they qualify. But eventually the bill will come due, and it won’t be insignificant. A study released in January by credit reporting agency TransUnion found that the average student loan debt rose 30 percent between 2007 and last year to $23,829. And even missing a few payments early on can hamper credit scores —

not a good scenario when you’re just venturing out on your own and looking to land a job. Here are six tips on how new grads can manage their student loan debt: 1. Understand your loans It’s essential to know the terms of your loan in order to evaluate your options for repayment, or to request a deferment when your grace period expires. For example, Stafford loans have a six-month grace period, while Perkins loans give you nine months before your first payment is due. Grace periods for other types of federal loans and private student loans can vary. Ask your lender or check out nslds.ed.gov, which shows loan details on federal loans. If you have private student loans, you’ll have to contact the lender directly. 2. Know your payment options Federal loans are set up to be paid back over a 10-

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year period. But there are other options if you can’t afford your monthly payments under that standard plan. You can extend the length of time to pay back the loan beyond 10 years, which will lower the monthly payment, but you will pay more over the life of the loan. Some may qualify for plans that peg the monthly payment to a certain percentage of their annual income. And if they’re on such a plan for 25 years, anything they still owe will be forgiven. The Project on Student Debt has more information on income-based repayment plans on this site: Ibrinfo.org. On private student loans, repayment options will vary from one lender to the next. Check the loan documents or contacting your lender. 3. Consider deferments and forbearance Can’t find a job? Can’t afford any student loan payments? If you have federal student loans, you can temporarily postpone your payments by asking for a deferment or forbearance. In the case of a deferment, you’re allowed to temporarily put off making payments on your loans. During this period, interest does not build up on three types of federal loans: direct subsidized loans, subsidized federal Stafford loans and Federal Perkins loans.

On other types of federal loans, your payments will be put on hold, but the balance of your loan will continue to rack up interest. Several factors may qualify you for a deferment once you’re done with school, including economic hardship, unemployment or serving in the military on active duty during a war. If you don’t qualify for a deferment, you may request a forbearance, which can generally buy you up to 12 months without making payments. However, you’ll continue to pile up interest on your balance, even with subsidized loans. For more details on how these options work, go to this U.S. Department of Education website: Studentaid.ed.gov 4. Avoid racking up missed payments Missing payments on your federal student loans can seriously hamper your ability to get credit, especially if you’re starting out and don’t have much of a credit history. In the case of federal student loans, you will be declared to be in default if you miss nine payments in a row. At that point, the government will ask you to pay back your entire loan balance immediately, and will resort to garnishing your wages or taking it out of your in-

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extra payment every few months. That will help bring down the principal. Include a written request to the lender to ensure the extra payment amount is applied to the principal, not interest or other fees due. 6. Weigh a loan consolidation Consolidating several of your student loans can help you manage your debt because you only need to keep track of a single monthly payment. You can also extend the repayment period. However, if your federal loan predates July 1, 2006, it’s likely it has a variable interest rate, which means you can probably get that rate lowered now. Consolidating loans issued after that date may not save you as much money on interest payments, however. Keep in mind that if you take out a private student loan to consolidate federal loans, you will lose access to the borrower protections built into those loans, such as unemployment deferments.

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come tax refunds if need be. The default threshold is generally crossed far sooner with private student loans. Experts recommend contacting your lender as soon as payments become a problem to discuss options. Keep in mind, unloading your student loan debt via bankruptcy is very difficult, though not impossible. You’ll need to persuade the court that what you owe on your loan will result in an undue hardship on you and your dependents. Of course, even if you succeed, filing for bankruptcy has steep and longstanding consequences on your ability to get credit. For more details on this option, see the National Consumer Law Center’s website on student loans: www.studentloanborrowerassistance.org/bankruptcy . 5. Go beyond minimum payments One way to lower the total cost of your loan is to pay a little extra every month, or even make an

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Page 19 • THE COUNTRY EDITOR • June 26, 2013

Six tips to manage student loan debt


Page 20 June 26, 2013 • THE COUNTRY EDITOR •

Country Editor

Number / Classification 20 Air Compressors 25 Air Tools 35 Announcements 45 Antiques 55 Appraisal Services 75 ATV 80 Auctions 82 Auto Body 110 Bedding Plants 120 Bees-Beekeeping 130 Bird Control 140 Books 155 Building Materials/ Supplies 157 Building Repair 160 Buildings For Sale 161 Bulk Foods / Spices 165 Business Opportunities 170 Butchering Supplies 173 Carpentry 175 Cars, Trucks, Trailers 180 Catalogs 182 Catering 190 Chain Saws 195 Cheesemaking Supplies 205 Christmas 214 Clocks & Repair 215 Collectibles 216 Clothing 235 Computers 253 Consignment 265 Construction Equipment For Rent 275 Construction Machinery Wanted 277 Construction Services 280 Construction Supplies 312 Crafts 325 Custom Butchering 330 Custom Services 360 Deer-Butchering & Hides 370 Dogs 410 Electrical 415 Employment Wanted 440 Farm Machinery For Sale 445 Farm Machinery Wanted 447 Farm Market Items 460 Fencing 470 Financial Services 480 Fish 483 Flooring 495 For Rent or Lease 500 For Sale 510 Fresh Produce, Nursery 525 Fruits & Berries 527 Furniture 529 Garage Sales 530 Garden Supplies 535 Generators 537 Gifts 575 Greenhouse Supplies 585 Guns 587 Hair Styling 589 Hardware 600 Health Care/Products 605 Heating 610 Help Wanted 653 Hotel / Motel 683 Jewelers 700 Lawn & Garden 711 Lessons 760 Lumber & Wood Products 790 Maple Syrup Supplies 805 Miscellaneous 810 Mobile Homes 811 Monuments 812 Multi Media 813 Music 815 Motorcycles 817 Nails 820 Nurseries 910 Plants 950 Real Estate For Sale 955 Real Estate Wanted 960 RVs & Motor Homes 975 Rentals 980 Restaurant Supplies 1040 Services Offered 1075 Snowblowers 1080 Snowmobiles 1096 Sports 1109 Thrift 1140 Trailers 1147 Trains 1148 Travel 1165 Trees 1170 Truck Parts & Equipment 1180 Trucks 1187 Vacuum 1190 Vegetable 1200 Veterinary 1205 Wanted

Announcements

Announcements

ADVERTISING DEADLINE Friday • 2:00 PM For as little as $4.00 - place a classified ad in

The

Country Editor

Call Peg at 1-800-836-2888

or 518-673-0111 or email classified@leepub.com Announcements # # # # #

ADVERTISERS Get the best responses from your advertisements by including the age, condition, price and best calling hours. Also, we always recommend insertion for at least 2 issues for maximum benefits. DEADLINE for placing ads is FRIDAY prior to edition date. Call Peg at 1-800-836-2888 or 518-673-0111 CHECK YOUR AD - ADVERTISERS should check their

ads on the first week of insertion. Lee Publications, Inc. shall not be liable for typographical, or errors in publication except to the extent of the cost of the first weeks insertion of the ad, and shall also not be liable for damages due to failure to publish an ad. Adjustment for errors is limited to the cost of that portion of the ad wherein the error occurred. Report any errors to 800836-2888

PHOTO ENLARGEMENTS 8x10 - $2.00 • 11x17 - $5.00 • 12x18 or 13x19 - $7.00. Come see us at Lee Publications, 6113 State Rt. 5, Palatine Bridge, NY 13428 518-673-3237 VENDORS & CRAFTERS WANTED for Medieval Fair at Windfall Dutch Barn, Salt Springville, August 10-11. Contact Barbara at DragonsCreek@hotmail.com or call 518-993-2002 for more info

Appliances WANTED: OLD FASHIONED washing machine and tubs in good working condition. Call 1-518-779-3959.

Building Materials/Supplies INSULATION: All Types. New/ Existing Buildings. Free Estimates. Fully Insured. Call Upstate Spray Foam Insulation 315-822-5238. www.upstatesprayfoam.com

Cars, Trucks, Trailers 1998 TOYOTA CAMARY V6, 127,000 miles, well maintained car, $3,200. Call 315895-0156 2002 HONDA ACCORD LX, 87,000 miles, nice car, asking $5,800. 315-742-0734

2003 CHEVY 1500 cargo van, V-6 auto, 148K, no rust, runs 100%. $2,900. 315894-4411 2007 FORD FREESTAR mini-van, V-6, automatic, DVD/loaded, 70,000 miles. Asking $7,100. 315-8944411. ’98 FORD Taurus 3.0 V6 For Sale: Parts or repair. Needs transmission. $400/obo. 518774-8726

Collectibles WANTED - CA$H PAID: For old jewelry, books. Dolls toys, even if broken, 1970s older. 1960s & older: Clothing. Old frames, Christmas, Halloween items. Interested in almost anything old. Shirley 315-8949032.

Custom Services FRAN’S PAINTING & STAINING. Lead Certified. Spray or brush. Free estimates. 315717-2061

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DOLGEVILLE: Apartment For Rent, 1 bedroom, security & references required, $395/mo. Please call 315-868-3939 or 518-568-2776

JUNE 28TH & 29TH, Large Indoor Sale: Collectibles, comic books, toys, furniture, vintage books & more. 10 W. Main St., Little Falls, across from Bank of America

FOR SALE: 2000 LS Suzuki Savage, 11,000 miles, leather saddle bags, color green, excellent condition. 518-573-7468, 518-5732969. Or trade for 4 wheeler or snowmobile.

FOR RENT: HERKIMER 2 apartments, both on first floor, 1 bedroom & 2 bedroom: both w/washer & dryers/stoves & refrigerators, off street parking: take a visual tour www.crossettres.com. Applications available, smoke free property, no pet policy. 315894-8557.

SALE: 213 S. Main Street, Herkimer, June 29-30. Collectibles, toys, records, comic books, tools, books, furniture, sports cards, CDs, old bath tub, Christmas items.

Generators

TWO BEDROOM ILION upstairs, private parking, $450/month plus security and utilities. 315-894-4411

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ALL NEW IN BOXES: Dining Table & 6 Chairs. Must Sell, $475.00/firm. Call 315-2256673

BANKRUPTCY, Uncontested Divorce. Attorney Fees $425.00. Licensed Attorney To Handle Your Case. Call Richard Kaplan 315-724-1850

CEDAR SWING SET w/10’ slide, tower, sandbox, climbing wall, rope, ladder, excellent condition, $650.00. 315429-7301, 315-868-5973

Magnets

CRIB w/mattress, $100; Strollers: Peg Perego $50, Inglesina $100; 20” bike, like new, $55; Carseats $5. 315823-1824

NEED BUSINESS CARDS? Full color glossy, heavy stock. 250 ($45.00); 500 ($60.00); 1,000 ($75.00). Call Beth at Lee Publications 518-673-0101 or bsnyder@leepub.com

SUMMER LONG SALE: Something for Everyone. Tools, car hauler, ‘78 Chevy Malibu, toys, knick knacks, collectors items, 1970 Harley Davidson 100cc. 191 Spring Street, Fort Plain (off Route 80)

Fruits & Berries BEV’s BEST BERRIES U-PIC FARM: Senior discount. Call before you come for availability and picking days & times. 315-429-9425

Furniture AWESOME DEAL: Queen Plush Mattress Set. New in plastic. Must sell, $150.00. Call 315-225-6673

BUSINESS CARD MAGNETS only $75.00 for 250. Free Shipping. Call Beth at Lee Publications 518-673-0101 or bsnyder@leepub.com Please allow 7-10 business days for delivery

Miscellaneous MICRO FIBER SOFA: Brand New, never used, Chocolate, $290.00. Call 315-225-6673

STAG PARTY TICKETS Call Beth at Lee Publications 518-673-0101. Questions bsnyder@leepub.com Free Shipping

Motorcycles 2007 HARLEY DAVIDSON 1200 XL Custom Vance & Hines Pipes, Vance & Hines Fuel Pak, Stage 1 EFI Kit, Black, 8,500 Miles, $7,500. Excellent Condition! 518378-3279

Real Estate For Sale FAIRFIELD, SR. 169: New Home, small lot, 4 bedrooms, 2.5 baths. $147,000. Bruce Ward RE. Call David Dudgeon 315-866-7578. FOR SALE: JOHNSON RD. Town of Schuyler: Vacant land with drilled well - 11+ acres. www.crossettres.com. 315894-8557. FOR SALE: VILLAGE OF Middleville: Single family home on double lot with detached 2 stall garage. Asking price: $49,000. (Curable functional obsolescence) Exterior visual tour www.crossettres.com. 315-894-8557 FRANKFORT: ACME RD. Level building lot, commercial zoning, $32,500. Bruce Ward & Company. Call Cathy Baker, 315-866-1817. HERKIMER: SPECIAL opportunity for wise investor. Historic 5 unit Colonial. $185,900. Bruce Ward & Company. Call Cathy Baker 315-866-1817. HOUSE FOR SALE: EAST Herkimer, kitchen, living, dining & family rooms, 4BR, central air, gas heat, 3/4 acre. Call 315-866-3813.

Services Offered

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Full color, photos and more! Orders yours now! Call Beth at LEE PUBLICATIONS

518-673-0101 bsnyder@leepub.com

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CINNAMON CHERRY bedroom set. New in boxes, $290.00. Must sell. Call 315225-6673

Garage Sales JUNE 28-29, 8-5PM, Adult and baby furniture, bedding/household, mens stuff, air compressor, new furnace parts, tools, bench saw. 68 Center St, Ilion (off John).

It’s easy & economical to add a picture to your ad!

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JACK’S HANDYMAN SERVICE: Doing odd jobs of all kinds since 2004. Free estimates. 315-725-1133

COUNTRY EDITOR NOTE: Calendar entries must arrive at the Country Editor’s office by the Friday prior to our Wednesday publication date for them to be included in the calendar of events. Send events to Lee Publications c/o Country Editor, 6113 State Highway 5, P.O. Box 121, Palatine Bridge, NY 13428 or e-mail: kkelly@leepub.com.

PATRICIA’S SERVICE TO SENIORS: Make life a little easier. Reasonable rates for helping you at home in Herkimer, Madison and Oneida counties with shopping, meals, errands and housekeeping. Patricia 315-2977063

PHOTO CALENDARS now available right here at Lee Publications. 6113 State Hwy. 5, Palatine Bridge, NY 518-673-3237. Choose up to 24 photos. Only $12.00 for digital photos and $15.00 if we scan them. TED’s PAINTING and Home Repairs, Residential and Commercial, Interior and Exterior. Summer Specials on all single family homes and decks. Call TED at 315-4293253

JUN 28 - SEP 3 “Betsy” Concert Series Lock 20 Canal Park, Rte. 49, Marcy, NY.

MAIL L L A C OR

FOR SALE: 184x42 Tractor Tires, radial, 25%. $250 each. Call 518-857-9404

USED TIRE SALE: Huge Inventory, mounting & balancing FREE. No appointment necessary! Save money call Auto World, 534 North Perry Street, Johnstown 12095 518762-7555

• Jun 28 - 6:30 pm: Fritz’s Polka Band • July 5 - 6:30 pm: Country Traditions with The Streators • July 12 - 6:30 pm: The Clef Dwellers w/Don Cantwell featuring TJ Howard • July 19 - 6:30 pm: Dharma Burns String Band • July 20 - 6:30 pm: Pick ‘n EZ • July 26 - 6:30 pm: Old Country Music featuring the Nelson Brothers • Aug. 2 - 6:30 pm: Diamond Some Day w/Ed Vancott • Aug. 9 - 6:30 pm: Holidaye • Aug. 16 - 6:30 pm: Mardi Gras Five w/TJ Howard • Aug. 17 - 6:30 pm: The Roots of Rock & Roll • Aug. 23 - 6 pm: The Trinkaus Manor Quartet w/George Staley • Aug. 24 - 6 pm: Double Image • Aug. 30 - 6 pm: Country

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MASSEY FERGUSON 65 tractor/ backhoe with front end loader and extra rims, $4,000 or best offer. Dan 518-706-0249

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Gospel w/Julian & Bonnie George • Aug. 31 - 6 pm: The Mark Bolos Band • Sep. 3 - 1 pm: Floyd Community Band, 3 pm Irish Day at Lock 20 featuring the Johnston School of Irish Dancing and the Butler Sheehan Academy, The Big Band sound of Easy Money and Koltis plus a fireworks extravaganza at dusk. All events are free. Bring your own blankets and/or lawn chairs. JUN 29 Cameras on Safari for Butterflies Shawangunk Nature Preserve 255 Shawangunk Rd., Cold Brook, NY. 9-11 am. If your camera has a close up setting, you can improve your pictures by learning some techniques for photographing the small wonders of nature - flowers, insects, butterflies, dragonflies and put it to use photographing the beautiful residents of Shawangunk. Shawangunk Nature Preserve. Bring your camera manual if you can. Tripods are optional. No Fee. Register by June 27. Call 315-826-7405 or e-mail shawangunk@ntcnet.com. JUL 6 Chicken BBQ, Strawberry Fest, Garage Sale & Cow Plop Bingo German Flatts Town Park, Rte. 5S, between Mohawk & Little Falls, NY (Near the historic Fort Herkimer Church). Chicken BBQ from noon until sold out. $8 Strawberry Fest from noon to 4 pm. $3. Cow Plop bings. Square can be purchased at the town office on Main St. in Mohawk. Contact Town Clerk, 315-866-1370. AUG 24 Fifth Annual Reign Fest: NY Dolgeville Central School auditorium, 38 Slawson St., Dolgeville, NY. 2-10 pm. Grammy nominated “The Rhett Walker Band” headlines this year’s amazing lineup, that includes hot new artist “All Things New,” ReignFest mainstay “Everyday Sunday” with special guest “Grant Woell,” along with Christian rock bands “Kardia,” “Life Band,” “Deeper Still” and the “New Hope Worship Team.” The event’s guest speaker will be Pastor Dave Hayner. Tickets are $15 in advance and $17 at the door. Group pricing is available. For tickets and information, call 315-8685815 or e-mail bobby@ rkpsportinggoods.com. You can also follow ReignFest: NY on facebook. SEP 5 Rabies Clinic Salisbury Fire Dept., 2549 St. Rt. 29, Salisbury Center, NY. 6-7:30 pm. All cats, dogs & ferrets 3 months old or older must be vaccinated even if they stay indoors. Bring proof of the pet’s vaccination history to receive a 3 year certificate. Dogs should be on a leash, cats & ferrets in a carrier. No exams will be given. Owners are responsible to clean up after their animals. $5 donation per pet

is suggested to defray cost. Pre-register online. Contact Herkimer County Public Health, 315-867-1176. On Internet at www. herkimercounty.org SEP 12 Rabies Clinic Cedarville Fire Dept., 960 St. Rt. 51, Cedarville, NY. 67:30 pm. All cats, dogs & ferrets 3 months old or older must be vaccinated even if they stay indoors. Bring proof of the pet’s vaccination history to receive a 3 year certificate. Dogs should be on a leash, cats & ferrets in a carrier. No exams will be given. Owners are responsible to clean up after their animals. $5 donation per pet is suggested to defray cost. Pre-register online.. Contact Herkimer County Public Health, 315-867-1176. On Internet at www.herkimer county.org OCT 3 Rabies Clinic Little Falls Town Garage, 478 Flint Ave. Ext., Little Falls, NY. 6-7:30 pm. All cats, dogs & ferrets 3 months old or older must be vaccinated even if they stay indoors. Bring proof of the pet’s vaccination history to receive a 3 year certificate. Dogs should be on a leash, cats & ferrets in a carrier. No exams will be given. Owners are responsible to clean up after their animals. $5 donation per pet is suggested to defray cost. Pre-register online. Contact Herkimer County Public Health, 315867-1176. On Internet at www.herkimercounty.org OCT 24 Rabies Clinic East Herkimer Fire Dept., 193 Main Rd., East Herkimer, NY. 6-7:30 pm. All cats, dogs & ferrets 3 months old or older must be vaccinated even if they stay indoors. Bring proof of the pet’s vaccination history to receive a 3 year certificate. Dogs should be on a leash, cats & ferrets in a carrier. No exams will be given. Owners are responsible to clean up after their animals. $5 donation per pet is suggested to defray cost. Pre-register online. Contact Herkimer County Public Health, 315867-1176. On Internet at www.herkimercounty.org

Page 21 • THE COUNTRY EDITOR • June 26, 2013

Country Editor

PO Box 121, 6113 State Hwy. 5 Palatine Bridge, NY 13428 800-836-2888 • Fax: 518-673-2381


Page 22 June 26, 2013 • THE COUNTRY EDITOR •

Plants to attract butterflies by Dr. Leonard Perry, Extension Professor, University of Vermont If you love to watch butterflies in summer, perhaps you should think about the plants that attract them. More importantly, realize that these and moths (together termed “lepidopterans”) don’t exist for our enjoy-

ment, but to pollinate flowers and their larvae (caterpillars) to provide food for birds. In fact, such larvae are one of the main sources of food for birds. With an abundance of lepidopterans in your landscape, you’ll likely attract many birds as a benefit too. These birds, in addition to their sights and songs, provide an “ecological service” by eating many other insects. Professor Doug Tallamy of the University of Delaware, has written a book — Bringing Nature Home — describing in some detail the benefits of insects in our landscapes, as well as how most are attracted to and prefer native plants. He and assistants have compiled a very complete and extensive listing of species of plants and lepidopterans from the midAtlantic states, which of these insects are attracted to which plants, and they ranked the most important plants (udel.edu/~dtallamy/hos t/). While these numbers all won’t fit exactly in northeastern states, most of the plants grow here as well, and many of the key plants are likely important here too.

While there are many other insects that pollinate plants (such as bees), and provide food for birds, they chose to focus on this large group of moths and butterflies (about 3,500 species in the mid-Atlantic states). In their lists they considered 1385 plant genera (the large groupings of plants such as asters,

goldenrod, bee balm, and the like). Of these, there were 884 native plant genera, and 501 non-natives or introduced plants from elsewhere (“exotics” or “aliens”). In their ranking list of woody plants, only one non-native (pears) was in the top 50 most attractive to moths and butterflies. In their listing of herbaceous plants, 16 non-natives were in the top 50 most attractive, while the rest were native plants. Of the introduced herbaceous plants that attract moths and butterflies, these non-natives included a few “weeds” such as dandelion (87 different lepidopterans attracted to this in the mid-Atlantic states, including both native and non-native species) and burdock (27); only one common garden flower — the hol-

lyhock (22); some common vegetables such as corn (120), Brussel’s sprouts (68), beets (44), peas (38), and asparagus (32); and main agronomic crops such as alfalfa (69), wheat (36), and soybean (33). In the top 50 most attractive list of native herbaceous plants, fruits and vegetables included

strawberries (81), beans (66), and lettuce (51). Native “weeds” that you might consider leaving, at least in a few out-of-sight or controlled areas, that attract moths and butterflies, include plantain (66), horsenettle (61), ragweed (48), lambsquarters (42), nettle (35), pigweed (29), and thistle (29). If your garden gets weedy, just tell visitors it is providing an “ecological service”, or that it is a butterfly garden. Agronomic crops with native origins that attract lepidopterans include clover (122, the highest of all herbaceous plants), rye (31), and hops (27). Native flowers you should consider to attract butterflies include goldenrod (115), aster (109), sunflower (75), morning glory (39), lupine (33), willowherb (32), violet (30),

false indigo (24), geranium (24), and chrysanthemum (22). The top dozen native trees you could plant in North Country landscapes to attract moths and butterflies are oaks (532), willow (455), birch (411), cottonwood or poplar (367), crabapple (308), maple (297), alder (255), elm (215), pine (201), spruce (150), ash (149), and basswood (149). A dozen of the most important native shrubs for lepidopterans include beach plum (456), blackberry (163), rose (135), serviceberry (124), viburnum (104), currant (99), spirea (89), grape (79), witchhazel (63), rhododendron (51), juniper (42), and elderberry (42). Of course, in each of these plant genera there are several if not many species, not all of which may be most attractive, nor even all native. But these are a good selection to choose from with a good chance of helping and attracting butterflies more than many other plants. For the total species listed attracted to these plants, you’ll find many more native moths and butterflies in the lists than non-natives. For instance, for oaks, of the 532 species attracted, 14 are exotic and 518 are natives. For clover, of the 122 species attracted, 7 are exotic and 115 are natives. In addition to the flowers already listed, other favorite plants for butterflies and moths include Joe-pye, honeysuckle, black-eyed susan, iris, evening primrose, milkweed, verbena, penstemon, phlox, bee balm, speedwell, and lobelia. You can read much more on why native plants are

important in our landscapes, and what to plant in landscapes, at Professor Tallamy’s website (bringingnaturehome.net) . Lists, searchable by

state and trait, for not only moths and butterflies but bees too, can be found from the Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center (www.wildflower.org).

STEEL ROOFING SALE

525 E. Mill St., Little Falls

(315) 823-1709 40 McKinley Rd., Dolgeville

HARDWARE STORE

(315) 429-9962

Full line of Building Materials - Customer Steel Orders including Garages, Pole Barns, House Packages. Complete line of Treated Lumber for your deck projects.

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Introducing DBZ Guitars our new line of premium electric guitars and 4force amplifiers. Bring this ad in and get a $170 4force amp for just $75 with the purchase of a new DBZ Guitar. Imagineering Drum & Guitar 27 West Main St., Little Falls, NY 13365 (315) 823-1500 Hours: 12:30-5 Mon-Fri; 10-4 Sat Chicken BBQ!!

JR’s s Auction

The Auction Way!!

56 Willett St., Fort Plain, NY 13339 For information Call JR (518)) 993-4668

Gun, Ammunition & Sportsman Auction Wednesday, June 26th • 6:00pm

ALREADY CONSIGNED: Many makes of guns, some with scopes, Honda 3 Wheeler, 4 person paddle boat, 4 mounted deer heads, fishing lures, fishing rods, ammunition and more still coming!!!! Watch for pictures at auctionzip.com ID# 29324 or call JR’S Auction 518-993-4668

Retail Public Flowers & Perennials Consignment Auction

Saturday, June 29th • 10:00am Bring your Flowers, Perennials, Vegetable Plants, Hanging Baskets, and more!! Don’t Miss This Auction!! 1 Load of Trees and Shrubs from Lancaster County!!

HOSKING SALES • WEEKLY SALES EVERY MONDAY Weekly Sales Every Monday starting at 11:30 with Misc. & small animals, 1:00 Dairy. Call for more info and sale times. Our Volume is increasing weekly - join your neighbors & send your livestock this way! Monday, June 17th sale - cull ave. .72 Top cow $.93, bulls/steers $.81 - $.9250, bull calves top $1.25, heifer calves top $1.00, Dairy feeders $.77 - $.84, Feeder bulls $1.13, Feeder Steers $.84 - $.95, Dairy - Milking age top $2275, Short Bred Heifers top $1000, Open heifers top $780, started heifer calves top $350. Goats $25 - $385, Lambs up to $1.50, cull Sheep $.46 - $.50. Monday, July 1st - Monthly Fat Cow & Feeder Sale. Monday, July 8th - Monthly Heifer Sale. Monday, July 15th - Monthly Sheep, Lamb, Goat & Pig Sale. Monday, July 22nd - Normal Monday Sale. Monday, July 29th - Normal Monday Sale. Saturday, Aug. 31st - 2PM - Empire State Farms - Total Fullblood Wagyu Dispersal. 170 Head sell, for full details contact James Danekas 916-837-1432, Mercedes Danekas 916-849-2725 or www.jdaonline.com. Saturday, Oct. 19th - sale held in Richfield Springs, OHM Holstein Club - Sale Chairman Jason Pullis 315-794-6737. Call with your consignments. NOTE STARTING JULY 1ST WE WILL BE STARTING OUR MORNING MISC. & SMALL ANIMALS AT 11:30AM DUE TO THE INCREASE VOLUME. LOOKING TO HAVE A FARM SALE OR JUST SELL A FEW - GIVE US A CALL. ** Trucking Assistance - Call the Sale Barn or check out our trucker list on our Web-Site. Call to advertise in any of these sales it makes a difference. Directions: Hosking Sales 6096 NYS Rt. 8, 30 miles South of Utica & 6 miles North of New Berlin, NY. www.hoskingsales.com Call today with your consignments.

Tom & Brenda Hosking 6096 NYS Rt. 8 New Berlin, NY 13411

607-699-3637 or 607-847-8800 cell: 607-972-1770 or 1771


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Page 23 • THE COUNTRY EDITOR • June 26, 2013

Let us show you how to SAVE MONEY on your roof! COMMERCIAL & RESIDENTIAL


June 26, 2013 • THE COUNTRY EDITOR •

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The Country Editor 6.26.13