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16 July 2012 Section e off One One Volume e 31 Number r 28


Your Weekly Connection to Agriculture

Farm News • Equipment for Sale • Auctions • Classifieds

An old dog teaches new tricks ~ Page 4 Columnist Lee Mielke

Mielke Market Weekly


FEATURES Auctions Classifieds Markets Small Ruminants

24 27 22 8

Cattail Classic Livestock Judging Contest an East Coast gem ~ Page 3 I will listen to what the LORD God is saying, for he is speaking peace to his faithful people and to those who turn their hearts to him. ~ Psalm 85:8


Big H Livestock has grown into an important Katahdin breeder by Karl H. Kazaks MARION, VA — Big H Livestock has become a significant registered Katahdin breeding operation in a short period of time. In 2008, “Big Jim” Hash and his wife Sally, looking to diversify from their commercial cow-calf operation, started a Katahdin flock. Last year, at the Performance Tested Ram Lamb Sale at the lamb test station in Steeles Tavern, VA, one of their ram lambs set a record as the highestselling ram, pulling in $1,025. The Hashes’ original flock numbered 17, sourced from three breeders, in Virginia, Iowa, and Indiana. Seeing those breeding operations (and others) led “Big Jim” Hash to think, “Why can’t I do that? “I didn’t start with 50 ewes, though. And anyone buying from me, I wouldn’t recommend buying that many to start. You’ve got to start small and see what you’re getting into.” Hash attributes his success as a breeder to choosing the right genetics, which requires both being aware of what lines are out there and being willing to invest in a good ram when it becomes available. Earlier this year, before selling 40 ewes (to two buyers), Big H’s flock numbered about 80 ewes. Hash expects to build back up to a 100-ewe flock. Before starting their flock, the Hashes knew they wanted a hair breed, because they don’t require shearing and they have a high resistance to parasites. The Hashes do utilize rotational grazing to help control parasites in their flock. They also knew there was a growing demand for hair sheep. They chose Katahdins because they like the breed’s strong

maternal characteristics. “When I brought sheep here a lot of people in the area asked me if I was bringing in coyote bait,” Hash said. “But we haven’t lost any yet to dogs or coyotes.” He attributes that to keeping donkeys in with the Katahdins. With the exception of cull ram lambs, the Hashes exclusively sell breeding stock. They will sell at sales at the test stations (if the bids are high enough) and consign to a breeder friend’s sale in Indiana, but the bulk of their sales are off-the-farm. Their buyers come from states throughout the mid-Atlantic, including Pennsylvania, West Virginia, Virginia, and Tennessee. This year, Hash has 13 rams in test stations, in both Virginia and Pennsylvania. His rams are the only Katahdins at the Pennsylvania Furnace station. Though Big H does currently have 10 commercial ewes, Hash expects he will sell them this year and convert his flock to 100 percent purebred Katahdin. The Hashes still keep a commercial cow-calf operation (and run a few steers), but running sheep has allowed Sally and their two daughters, Jocie, 7, and Emily, 5, to be more involved with the livestock. “They help when we’re worming, trimming feet and separating ewe lambs,” Sally said. “They like to be out here with the baby donkeys, too.” Big H currently is home to two baby donkeys. While on vacation last year, Hash bought 48 ewes from a breeder in coastal North Carolina. He knew they were for sale, so he brought along to the beach his Stoll trailer in case he liked the ewes.

“Big Jim” Hash used this trailer to bring 48 Katahdin ewes from coastal North Carolina to his home in southwest Virginia by adding an upper deck on the trailer, built from framing lumber and OSB. Photos by Karl Kazaks

Emily, left, and Jocie Hash enjoy month-old Muffin, one of two baby donkeys on their family farm. To accommodate all 48 ewes, Hash built an upper deck inside the trailer out of framing lumber and OSB. To get the ewes on the top level, Hash recalled, “I had to set them up there. I was a total mess when I was done. Luckily I was able to take a shower before driving home. “Every place we stopped on the way back people would ask us about it.” The upper level of the trailer has

since been removed, but Hash has kept it for possible future use. This year, Hash doesn’t expect to buy any sheep on his annual trip to the beach. But soon after they return from the coast, the Hashes will go to Ohio for the annual Katahdin Hair Sheep International Expo. To find out more about Big H Livestock, check out their facebook page or e-mail

Robert J. Bondi and family, who own and operate a beef farm in Pulteney, NY, in Steuben County, is pleased to submit these photos of their Belted Galloway heifer which is named “Domino.” Their neighbor and good friend, Mrs. Muriel Goslee, who recently passed, witnessed the birth of this heifer four years ago and suggested this name after the game design. Domino is the only cow the Bondis have ever had which exhibits this marking. Children have taken a liking to Domino. If you have an animal that sports unusual markings, Country Folks would like to print your photo in a future edition. E-mail photos to or mail them to Editorial Department, Lee Publications, P.O. Box 121, Palatine Bridge, NY 13428.

A patriotic stage in the Breeding Barn at historic Shelburne Farms, Shelburne, VT, provided the setting for this year’s National Brown Swiss Sale and concluded The National Convention activities. Seventy-four lots averaged $5,831 and sold into 12 states and Colombia, South America. Topping the day at $20,000 was Blessing Bonanza Francie “E92/32,700m”, an All American and fifth generation “EX”, consigned by Blessing Farms, Fort Wayne, IN. Looking like a contender for this fall, Francie was taken by Richman Farms and Starmark Farms, Lodi, Ohio. The contending syndicate was represented by Jerry Harkness, breeder of the foundation for this impressive family. Second high seller was the much talked about junior 2year-old prospect, Renegade Titanium Sonya ET. After spirited bidding, Ken Main and Peter Vail of Copake, NY added her to their impressive Elite string at $19,700. Sutton Rucks, Okeechobee, FL was the final contender with Wayne Sliker and Jayson

Garrett, St. Paris, Ohio the consignors. Next in line on the high seller’s list, Dublin Hills Sorina was the crowd pleasing senior 2 year old sired by Old Mill TA Starsky ET. She also headed for Elite Dairy and sports a deep Snow Storm pedigree developed by her consignors, Dublin Hills Farm, Woodsboro, MD. Contending bidders for Sorina were Frank and Susan Caverly. Hills Valley Farm, Cattaraugus, NY provided the fourth high seller with Hills Valley Tray Phoenix commanding $17,400 from Brooke M. Clark of GMC Farm, Cornish Flat, NH. Phoenix is a “VG88/2y” Tray daughter with over 1200 F at 2 years and a deep pedigree from the Priscilla family. The “Pick of Shelburne” was a feature of the sale with Elite Dairy out bidding Bruce Dearborn to gain rights in choosing from the entire Shelburne Herd. At a $12,000 price tag, Ken and Peter selected Shelburne Dusty Elizabeth, a great framed junior 3 year old from three “Excellent” dams representing the strong Elizabeth family at

Second high seller — Left to right: Lee Barber, Brian Garrison, Wayne Sliker, Sonya, Darrell Worden, Mikey Barton, Peter Vail and Ken Main, buyers.

A patriotic stage in the Breeding Barn at historic Shelburne Farms, Shelburne, VT, provided the setting for this year’s National Brown Swiss Sale.

Top seller — Left to right: Lee Barber, Jerry Harkness, representing contenders; Wayne Sliker, Francie, Darrell Worden, Lindsey Rucks, leadsman, Brian Garrison.

Shelburne. The highest selling heifer of the sale, Top Acres Wonder Bamby ET, was consigned by Bob Gould, Sale Chairman, and Bruce Dearborn, Convention Finance Director. Bamby is a large and fancy Wonderment daughter from five generations of “Excellent” dams from the “B’s” and is now the property of Gerrit DeBruin, Lake Mills, WI after selling for $11,200. The New England National Sale was managed by Modern Associates, Wayne and Connie Sliker of St. Paris, Ohio. Darrell Worden was auctioneer for the day and was assisted in the ring and on the phones by Brian Garrison, Lee Barber, Dave Wallace and Gordon DeMay. The cattle were presented in the ring by Lindsey Rucks, Michelle Funk, Nicole Hood, Kyle Barton and Mikey Barton. The preparation staff included Jason Thomas, Scott Hussey, Andrew Lenhart, Caleb Rossing, Pete Hawkes, Pat Lundy, John “EZ Money” Patrick and Marcella Guillette. They had the lineup in tip top shape for the large crowd on Friday and sale day Saturday. Decorations, clerking, and other support were provided by Jenna Hoffman, Deb Hoffman, Connie GrittonWinter, and Cindy Worden, The Shelburne staff was especially cooperative under the direction of Sam Dixon and Renee LaCoss.

Top selling heifer — Left to right: Bob Gould, Brian Garrison, Wayne Sliker, Bamby, Nicole Hood, Darrell Worden, Lee Barber.

Third high seller — Left to right: Brian Garrison, Dave Wallace, Lee Barber, Wayne Sliker, Sorina, Darrell Worden, Michell Funk, Peter Vail and Ken Main, buyers.


New England National Brown Swiss Sale averages $5,831


An old dog teaches some new tricks by Stephen Wagner “I guess I’m the old dog in the region now,” says Arvydas “Arv” Grybauskas, a University of Maryland pathologist, as he climbed down from the wagon he was traveling on with the participants in the final leg of Farming for Success 2012. “I’m actually going to retire in a week and a half,” he said. With that offhand announcement, Grybauskas expressed the hope he still had some information that might be of relevance to the participants at this hands-on seminar at the Penn State research station in Lancaster County, PA. “You know from Roundup Ready situations — using Roundup on every crop, essentially

“What’s great about strobies is that whenever we run trials, whenever we have disease pressure, we do get the best yield response from strobies. Strobies are the king in terms of yield response when we have disease.” ~ Arvydas “Arv” Grybauskas — that you now have resistant weed problems because you’ve been using Roundup as an exclusive kind of an herbicide program, and you know that resistant pests can exist despite some of our management tools,” he begins. And he notes that the same will hold true for field crops with the increased use of fungicides. Most pesticides have become very specific during the past 30 years. Some of them

can go so far as to take out a certain class of insects. During those three decades, the pesticide industry has focused on specificity because of the advantages that come with them. Not only can specific pests be targeted, but they are much safer to non-target pests. Humans and crops are also safer. What about disadvantages? “There is an increased risk to developing resistance to a specific,”

Cover photo by Karl Kazaks Just five years after buying their first ewes, the Hash family – Jim, Sally, and daughters Jocie, 7, and Emily, 5, – have become important registered Katahdin breeders. Mid-Atlantic Country Folks


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Grybauskas says. “That specificity allows the organism to find another way to do that process, and you end up with resistance and more tolerance for that pesticide.” This has begun already in field crops. “If you read the label, you’ll find that there is resistance management language that is in there already.” The most prominent suggestions include rotating your products, the class of chemistries that you have, or blend them when you use them. Many pesticide companies are already blending them. A recent development which is gaining in popularity asks the question “is there any advantage to using a fungicide early in the program in wheat and barley?” In other words, putting on the fungicide at green-up, or corn at V3 or V5? “The reason everyone is interested in that,” Grybauskas told his audience, “is the obvious one. You can go along with your own farm equipment and spray it on; you can tank mix it with an herbicide or your side dressed materials so you are saving yourself a trip over the field; you’re getting the product out there without having to hire a plane to come in later on, or something like that. There are obvious advantages to that particular system.” For the sake of argument let’s assume that you are used to herbicides being rather systemic. Ditto with insecticides. This sparks the question “how systemic are fungicides?” Grybauskas answered it with another question: “If I use Quadris or Headline and spray it on the plant, does that move into any new tissue that is forming later on in the growing season, during the vegeta-

Arvydas “Arv” Grybauskas of the University of Maryland gave a presentation on herbicides and fungicides at Farming for Success 2012 at Penn State’s Southeast Agricultural Research & Extension Center in Lancaster County, PA. In the background is Dr. Alyssa Collins, director of the research station. tive state? If I use Tilt, is it moving into new tissue after vegetative growth continues on the plant?” Answering his own question, Grybauskas said “all of our fungicide products are locally systemic. In other words, with the trisols, when a spray droplet hits a leaf, it will move to the outer part of that leaf. So it does a very good job of protecting that leaf; it will not move into any new tissue.” A question is asked from the wagon: “Have you heard of any research being done on a new chemistry, a new type of fungicide that might be available commercially in the next three to five years?” Yes, Grybauskas has! “There is a new class of chemistry that’s coming out and all of the chemical companies are pursuing this,” he says. “There is, for example, already registration for Priaxor from BASF which is a combination of Headline and this third class of chemistry. Syngenta also has one. And Dupont has one that’s coming out, too. This class of chemistry is going to give us a new option. They

don’t have the same kind of response as strobilurins do.” Strobilurins represented a major development in fungusbased fungicides. They were extracted from the fungus Strobilurus tenacellus. They have a suppressive effect on other fungi, reducing competition for nutrients; they inhibit electron transfer in mitochondria, disrupting metabolism and preventing growth of the targeted fungi. “What’s great about strobies,” Grybauskas said, “is that whenever we run trials, whenever we have disease pressure, we do get the best yield response from strobies. Strobies are the king in terms of yield response when we have disease. The new class of chemistry does not compare alone. Again, most companies, partly because of the disease resistance management picture, are just going to be combining these in their products. Another disadvantage to the blends, from the standpoint of strobies and their yield response, is that you are getting less of the strobilurin in there.”

by Glen Cope Two things in life that often bring about the most grief are death and taxes. So when these two are combined, it makes for a cocktail of anxiety. Isn’t it enough that a family must deal with the grieving that comes from the passing of a loved one? Yet, political leaders in Washington, D.C., find it necessary to exacerbate that grief by taxing the occasion. Most young farmers and ranchers have worked from an early age alongside their parents on the family farm, making it a joint effort to improve the farm, pay bills and reduce debt. Not only do young farmers have a vested interest in the farm, but they consider themselves co-owners. So, you can imagine our frustration knowing that the inevitable is lurking behind the barn door. After our parents pass on, the Internal Revenue Service will demand a sizable portion of the family farm. Farmers are, as the old phrase goes, “asset rich and cash poor.” Unfortu-

nately, when parents pass, the estate tax is triggered because of high land prices. A fact that most people in this country don’t understand. The average age of the American farmer is 57. So, at an age when most Americans are preparing for retirement, farmers are still hard at work. As the average age of farmers increases, the need for permanent repeal of the estate tax is all that much more important. Especially if we want young people to return to the farm. Stifling their ambitions by imposing a death tax that penalizes their achievement is not an incentive. On January 1, 2013, the death tax will fall back to its original position of having only a $1 million exemption toward the value of the estate and then it will be taxed at a rate of 55 percent. To give you an idea how little a $1 million exemption will go toward easing the mind-numbing pain felt by this hideous tax; if a farm

valued at $3,000 per acre fell under the death tax, only roughly 333 acres would be exempt. However, many farmers will tell you in today’s world, 333 acres will not go very far to support one family, let alone two and sometimes three generations that may rely on the farm to provide their livelihoods. There are many events in which taxation can come into play throughout a person’s life. For example, sales tax when we make a purchase and capital gains tax when we sell something at a higher price than what we paid. When we own something, we even pay a property tax. We pay Social Security taxes toward our retirement. So the question must be asked; if we are taxed in this country seemingly every time we make a move when it comes to spending, saving and making money, should we be taxed simply because we have taken our last breath? Should we make it more difficult for our children to continue the family farm? The ma-

jority of farmers and ranchers would argue the answer is most definitely NO! Glen Cope, a fourth

FOCUS ON AGRICULTURE American Farm Bureau Federation generation beef producer in Southwest Missouri, is chair of the American

Farm Bureau Federation’s Young Farmers and Ranchers Committee.

PASA appoints director of finance and operations MILLHEIM, PA — The Pennsylvania Association for Sustainable Agriculture (PASA) has announced the appointment of Carrie Ryan as its new director of finance and operations. An accomplished CPA and president of the State College Rotary Chapter, Ryan most recently served as the chief financial officer for Easter Seals Central Pennsylvania for the past six years. “We couldn’t be happier to find someone with Carrie’s skills and experience at a time when we are planning even more growth and expansion of programming,” said PASA Executive Director Brian Snyder. “The sustainable food movement is really taking off across the country, and this will help PASA maintain the national leadership role we have filled for the past two decades.” A graduate of San Diego State University with a major in accounting, Ryan has held several key leadership positions in the financial sector of both for-profit and nonprofit institutions. In her new role as director of finance and

operations at PASA, Ryan will be responsible for all financial management of the organization, as well as developing new levels of business activity and service on behalf of its growing list of members and business partners. “I am delighted to have the opportunity to join PASA,” said Ryan. “It is a great opportunity for me to share my experience and skills with an organization that focuses on promoting healthy food for all people. We are so fortunate to live in a region with so many fresh food options, and so lucky to have PASA right here in our backyard working to assure the continuance of sustainable agriculture.” Ryan has also made community service a top priority for many years, making her a great fit for PASA’s service-oriented mission. In addition to her leadership role at Rotary, Ryan has also volunteered extensively with The Children’s Miracle Network, the Multiple Sclerosis Society and the Central PA 4th Fest.


Should death really be taxed?


Delaware state veterinarian takes reins of state vets’ group DOVER, DE — Delaware State Veterinarian Dr. Heather Hirst has been elected president of the Northeast District of the United States Animal Health Association, the professional group of state livestock regulatory officials. Hirst will serve a two-year term leading the district organization. She was previously vice-president of the Northeastern U.S. Animal Health Association from 2009 to 2011, when Delaware hosted the 2011 district conference in Rehoboth Beach. Hirst said her priorities will address the top challenges facing state veterinarians in the region, including emergency planning and response and animal welfare issues. “I am honored to serve my colleagues by leading this valuable organization,” Hirst said. “We work on the front lines of animal health and disease issues around the country, and work closely with our parent organization, the USAHA, which

is a vital resource for sharing information and new innovations. I will continue regional collaboration on secure food supply projects and other emergency response planning activities.” The Northeast District includes representatives from Connecticut, Delaware, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island and Vermont. New Jersey State Veterinarian Dr. Manoel Tamassia is district vice-president. Hirst succeeds Dr. Kristin Haas, Vermont state veterinarian, as Northeast District president. Hirst, who has headed the Delaware Department of Agriculture’s Poultry and Animal Health Section since 2008, holds a doctor of veterinary medicine degree from Ohio State University, a master’s degree in clinical sciences from Colorado State University and a bachelor of science degree from Rutgers University.

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CERCLA and EPCRA regulations intended for hazardous, not animal, waste WASHINGTON, D.C. — Congress needs to make clear that regulations designed to protect the environment against toxic waste do not ensnare dairy farmers and others who raise farm animals, the House Subcommittee on Environment and the Economy was told June 27. The hearing on Capitol Hill reviewed legislation introduced by Representative Billy Long (R-MO), designated as H.R. 2997, or the Superfund Commonsense Act. It would clarify that manure is not included in the meaning of “hazardous substance” as defined by the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA) regulations, and also would eliminate the reporting requirement for releases associated with manure

under the Emergency Planning & Community Right to Know Act (EPCRA) regulation. The National Milk Producers Federation has been working for several years with Congressman Long and others to provide greater regulatory assurances to dairy farmers that these laws and regulations are not designed or intended to impact dairy farmers. The CERCLA law was created more than 30 years ago to regulate Superfund sites, and the EPCRA law was created after that for similar purposes. Testifying on behalf of the dairy industry, Walter Bradley, who works for Dairy Farmers of America, reminded committee members that concentrated animal feeding operations (CAFOs) and their environmental releases are

subject to both state and federal laws. Bradley told the panel that “we are not seeking an exemption from the federal Clean Water Act (CWA) or the Clean Air Act (CAA) or similar state laws including any federal or state worker protection laws. We are merely seeking clarification un-

der CERCLA and EPCRA that animal manure does not necessitate an emergency response nor does it create a Superfund site.” Without the clarity provided in Rep. Long’s legislation, Bradley told the House panel that “the courts are left to redefine the regulation. Animal

manure has been safely used as a fertilizer and soil amendment all over the world for centuries.” “In recent years, however, we have seen litigation challenge the use of animal manure as a fertilizer by claiming contamination and damage to natural resources. The issue of CERCLA/

EPCRA’s applicability to the livestock industry has been discussed in Congress several times in the last decade. I believe congressional intent is clear. When the law was passed, Congress did not intend for manure to be regulated as a hazardous substance,” Bradley said.

U.S. farmers plant the largest corn crop since 1937 U.S. farmers planted 96.4 million acres of corn, up 5 percent from last year, making it the highest corn acreage in the last 75 years, according to the Acreage report released June 29 by the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS). This marks the fourth year in a row of increases in corn acreage in the United States. Favorable field conditions across much of the major corn-producing region helped corn growers get off to a fast start in 2012. By May 20, the planting was nearly complete, representing the quickest planting pace on record. Virtually all of the acreage had emerged by June 3. U.S. soybean growers

also reported a significant acreage increase this year. According to the report, 76.1 million acres have been planted to soybeans, up 1 percent from 2011. This is the third-largest soybean acreage on record. Just as with corn, the weather allowed soybean growers to get off to a quick start this year. By June 3, 94 percent of this year’s crop was planted, 30 percentage points ahead of last year’s pace. Nearly 80 percent of the crop had also emerged by that time, 40 points ahead of the 2011 pace. A significant acreage increase was also reported for wheat. The report showed that growers planted 56 million acres for all wheat, including spring, Durum and win-

ter, a 3 percent increase from 2011. More acres were seeded to winter wheat this year due to expectations of better net returns compared with last year. Unlike the other major crops, cotton growers reported a decrease in acreage this year. According to the report, there are 12.6 million acres planted to cotton, down 14 percent from 2011. Farmers planted 12.4 million acres of Upland cotton, down 14 percent from last year, and 235,000 acres of American Pima variety, 24 percent down from 2011. NASS also released the quarterly Grain Stocks report, showing corn stocks down 14 percent from June 2011, soybean stocks up 8 percent and all wheat stocks down 14 percent. With a total dis-

appearance of 2.87 billion bushels between March and May of this year, this is the highest disappearance on record for corn during this quarter. The soybean disappearance of 707 million bushels is also the second largest disappearance on record. Acreage, Grain Stocks and all other NASS reports are available online at

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How to plan your breedings to target specific holidays by tatiana Stanton Many holidays such as Roman and Greek Easter, and Ramadan occur on different dates each

pounds live for Western Easter on March 31 in 2013. We’ll assume that your kids average about 7 pounds at birth and

most of your kids grow about 1/2 pound daily. However, your twin kids from yearling does and some of your kids from triplet litters only grow 1/3 pound daily. Goats are generally purchased and shipped to slaughter about 7 to 10 days before Easter so you want your kids to weigh 30-40 pounds by March 21. When should your kids

be born? Growthy kids: 40 pound target weight - 7 pound birth weight = 33 pounds of gain. At 1/2 pound of gain daily your growthy kids will need about 66 days to be ready to market. Slower growing kids: 30 pound target weight -

Breedings 9

Daily weight gains for baby goats from kidding to weaning at 3 months of age range from about 1/3 to 1/2 pound daily in many meat goat herds.

year. It takes planning and skill to time your breedings to meet the demands of specific holidays. Daily weight gains for baby goats from kidding to weaning at 3 months of age range from about 1/3 to 1/2 pound daily in many meat goat herds although some kids can grow as slow as 1/4 pound daily and some big singles as much as 2/3 pound daily. Kids from large litters will tend to grow slower than kids from small litters and kids born to yearling does often grow slower than kids born to mature does. Most herds count on their kids gaining about 10 to 15 pounds per month from birth to weaning and from 8 to 12 pounds per month from weaning on. It is good to know the average weight gains for kids in your herd because it can vary widely depending on breed and management. Let’s pretend you want to market suckling kids weighing 30 to 40

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maceutical companies will not market a dewormer unless it is essentially 100 percent effective. As long as dewormers remain effective at the manufacture’s recommended dosage, control is relatively easy and cost-effective. However, resistance to almost all dewormers has been developed by many worm species. Therefore, reliance on the use of dewormers has become limited. Only FDA-approved dewormers (see Classes) can be used legally without restrictions. All other dewormers, if used, are extra-label and are subject to specific regulations as outlined by the FDA. Because of public concern over food product residues and environmental contamination with chemicals that may be harmful, the FDA has recently revised the rules and regulations governing use of chemicals in food-animal production. In summary, producers and veterinarians have to pay attention to extra-label use, which means using a product for a purpose other than what it was approved for. Because goats are a relatively minor livestock species, pharmaceutical com-



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Dewormers 11

from 8

7 pound birth weight = 23 pounds of gain. At 1/3 pound of gain daily, these kids will need about 69 days to be ready. Count backwards on a calendar 66 to 69 days before March 21 to see when your kids need to be born. March, 21 days; February, 28 days = 49 days. Thus, you want your kids born about 17 to 20 days before the start of February, i.e., around Jan. 11-14. Now you need to figure

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panies cannot recover the costs that would be incurred for them to pursue approval and labeling. For a veterinarian to use a dewomer extra-label, a valid veterinarian-client relationship is necessary. The veterinarian has to have contact with the animals and make a diagnosis that the parasite situation is potentially life-threatening. The veterinarian has to establish that none of the approved dewormers will work through fecal egg count reduction testing. Once the approved dewormers have been tested and if none works, then other dewormers can be used extra-label. The Food Animal Residue Avoidance Databank (FARAD) provides the recommendations on the dosage and withdrawal times for commonly used dewormers. The veterinarian has to take responsibility for prescribing the dewormer, and the producer has to take responsibility for using it properly. In the absence of a valid veterinarianclient relationship, the producer is re-

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out when to breed your does to get the vast majority to kid around Jan 11 to 14. The gestation period for goats is about 150 days so ideally you want your does bred about Aug. 11 to 14. The heat cycle is about 18-21 days but early in the season most does will be stimulated to come into heat about 4-7 days after you put the buck in with them. This is called the “buck effect”. Thus, the vast majority of your herd will likely get bred within 2 weeks of the buck’s introduction. However, Easter is pretty early in 2013 and not all your does may be cycling initially. You will want to bring the buck into the herd by July 20 and hope that your does have begun to cycle by then. If your buyer is tolerant of kids weighing more than 40 pounds you should move your breeding date forward accordingly and introduce your buck into the herd even earlier in July. You can also lead him through the herd starting in early July to “tease” the does. This can help to stimulate the does to start coming into heat. Greek Easter is not until May 5 in 2013 so it is going to be hard to breed for both markets. In fact you may even want to pull the buck out for a week in mid to late August depending on how tolerant your Western Easter market

is of underweight kids and your Greek Easter Market is of overweight kids. In contrast, both Western and Greek Easter are on April 20th in 2014. Please keep in mind that the best time to put your bucks in with your does will depend on 1) your market’s weight preferences, 2) the expected birth weight of your kids, and 3) the expected daily growth rates of your kids. Be sure to talk to potential buyers in advance to find out their weight preferences for Easter kids and at what weight they will start paying you less per pound live weight. If they buy kids by the hanging carcass, do you have past experience knowing what size carcasses your suckling kids will usually produce? A very rough estimate (if you have nothing else to go on) is that the hanging carcass weight will be about 50 percent of the live weight. Targeting holidays when the demand for goats and lambs is high can help make marketing easier for you. However, a little advanced planning will help increase the chances that your animals are in the optimum weight range for you with regard to earnings yet still satisfy your buyer’s demands.


Goat dewormers


Home,, Family,, Friendss & You Upping the apple ante The old adage, “an apple a day keeps the doctor away,” is on the chopping block. Instead of one apple a day, experts are now recommending two. Coined a “miracle fruit,” the unassuming apple stunned a team of researchers at the Florida State University. They found that eating two apples a day for six months can reduce artery-blocking LDL by 23 percent. According to Bahram H. Arjmandi, Ph. D., director for the Center for Advancing Exercise and Nutrition Research on Aging at the Florida State University, “I buy a bag a week and try to eat two per day. I am convinced this is what I should do if I want to remain healthy.” According to the U.S. Apple Association (USApple), mounting research suggests that powerful antioxidants in apples and apple products may play an essential role in reducing the risk of many of the world’s most prevalent diseases, including cancer and Alzheimer’s disease. To encourage consumers to eat even more apples, USApple offers the following ”Delicious Duos,” teaming apples and apple products with other powerhouse ingredients that help support specific health and nutrition goals. Superfood Duo: Apples + Salmon Benefit: Helps ward off heart disease In the study conducted at the Florida State University, women who ate apples experienced a 23 percent decrease in LDL “bad” cholesterol, and a 3 to 4 percent increase in their HDL “good” cholesterol — “a boost difficult to achieve with drugs or exercise,” says Arjmandi, who led the study. Combine the power of apples with good-cholesterol-raising omega-3-rich salmon in

this Apple Balsamic Salmon dish.

Apple-Balsamic Salmon Yield: 4 servings Prep Time: 25 minutes Baking Time: 8 to 12 minutes Special Tools: 4 12-inch-long pieces parchment paper 4 4-ounce skinless salmon fillets, 3/4 to 1 inch thick 1/4-1 teaspoon fine sea salt (normal table salt can be used) 1/4 cup apple jelly 2 teaspoons aged balsamic vinegar 3/4 cup julienne-cut, unpeeled, Granny Smith or other green apple (1/4 x 1 1/2-inch-long slivers) 3/4 cup julienne-cut, unpeeled Fuji or other reddish apple (1/4 x 1 1/2inch-long slivers) 1/3 cup very thin sliced and quartered leek (white and light green portion only) Rice pilaf (optional) Course-ground black pepper 1. Preheat oven to 450° F. Fold each piece of paper crosswise in half. Cut 4 half-heart shapes 7 inches longer and 4 inches wider than the fillets (the folded edges will be the centers of the hearts). Open each paper or foil heart; set aside. 2. Lightly sprinkle salmon with 1/4 teaspoon salt. Place each fillet near the center on one side of each heart. 3. Heat apple jelly over low heat or in a microwave oven just until melted. Remove from heat; stir in balsamic vinegar. Spoon mixture evenly over fillets. Toss together apples and leek. Place mixture evenly on top of fillets. 4. Fold opposite side of each heart up and over the fish and apple mixture. Starting at top of heart, fold edges to seal open sides by making small tight folds. Twist tip of hearts to close packets. Place packets on baking sheet. Bake in preheated oven for 8 to 12 minutes until fish flakes easily. (Carefully open packets to check doneness.)

5. To serve, cut packets open by slashing a large X on the top of each, then fold back paper. Transfer packets to dinner plates and serve with rice. Or, if desired, remove fish with apples from packets and place slightly on top of rice; spoon over juices. Season to taste with additional salt and the pepper. Recipe Note: This recipe makes enough balsamicapple juice for serving over a rice or barley pilaf. If you prefer less juice, decrease the apple jelly to 3 tablespoons and balsamic vinegar to 1 1/2 teaspoons. Superfood Duo: Apples + Oats Benefit: Helps improve brain health A clinical trial found that that consuming two 4-ounce servings of apple juice daily significantly improved mood and behavior among a group of patients diagnosed with moderate-to-severe Alzheimer’s disease. Also, Cornell University research suggests that quercetin may be the compound in apples that protects brain cells against oxidative stress associated with Alzheimer’s. Craving some brainfood? Try these Apple–Cran Granola Bars with dried apples, apple juice and other smart ingredients, like oats.

Apple-Cran Granola Bars Yield: 16 bars Nonstick cooking spray 1 1/4 cups coarsely chopped dried apples 1/4 -1/3 cup apple juice or cider 1/3 cup dried cranberries, coarsely chopped 2 cups quick-cooking oats 1 cup slightly chopped walnuts 1/2 cup toasted wheat germ 1/3 cup steel-ground oats 1/2 cup Agave Nectar* 1/4 cup packed light brown sugar 2 tablespoons canola oil 1 teaspoon vanilla extract 1/4 teaspoon salt 1/8 teaspoon baking soda *Light Corn Syrup may be substituted for Agave Nectar, using same measurement 1. Preheat oven to 300°F. Line the inside of a 9-inch-square baking pan or dish with heavy foil, extending foil over edges of pan. Generously coat foil with cooking spray. Set pan aside. 2. Combine apples, juice and cranberries in small saucepan. This week’s Sudoku solution

Bring to a boil; reduce heat. Simmer, uncovered, over medium-low heat about 4 minutes or until juice has evaporated and fruit is softened. Remove from heat; set aside. 3. Place quick-cooking oats, walnuts, wheat germ and steel-cut oats in a single layer in a large, shallow baking pan. Bake in preheated oven about 15 minutes or until lightly brown, stirring once halfway through baking. Remove from oven; cool slightly. 4. Meanwhile, stir together agave nectar, brown sugar and oil in medium saucepan. Bring to a boil; reduce heat. Gently simmer over medium heat for 1 minute. Remove from heat. Stir in vanilla. 5. Immediately, stir in salt and baking soda until mixture just begins to foam. Then stir in oat mixture until evenly coated. Then stir in the apple mixture. Transfer to the prepared baking pan. Press mixture down firmly with the back of a spatula or metal spoon lightly sprayed with nonstick coating. 6. Bake about 20 minutes or until top begins to lightly brown. Cool completely in baking pan. Use foil to lift granola out of pan. Cut into bars; remove from foil. Store in a single layer in a tightly covered container at room temperature for up to 3 days. Superfood Duo: Apples + Greek Yogurt Benefits: Helps protect bone health A study published in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition suggests that older women who eat plenty of fruits, including apples, may have a lower chance of bone fractures than those not getting their fill. Create your own apple and yogurt parfait for breakfast. Superfood Duo: Apples + Ginger Benefits: Helps fight inflammation Inflammation in the body can cause or contribute to obesity, diabetes, cardiovascular disease, Alzheimer’s disease and many types of cancers. Fortunately, the polyphenols found in apples have been shown to suppress inflammation and remove cell-damaging free radicals from the body. For even more healthful reasons to eat apples daily, USApple has developed “The Delicious Dozen” – 12 ways apples and apple products can positively impact your health. For more recipes or to learn more about the U.S. apple industry, visit

UPPER MARLBORO, MD — The Maryland Horse Industry Board (MHIB), a program within the Maryland Department of Agriculture, presented its June Touch of Class Award to three U.S. Dressage Federation gold medalists, a national coach and one horse who have helped propel Maryland’s dressage community into the national spotlight. The awards were presented June 23 during the Potomac Valley Dressage Association’s (PVDA) Ride For Life and Dancing Horse Challenge — a fundraiser for the Johns Hopkins Avon Foundation for Breast Cancer, held at the Show Place Arena at the Prince George’s Equestrian Center. “The five recipients we honor here today not only represent some of the best trainers and competitors in dressage, they represent our state with pride and distinction on the national and international stage,” said MHIB Chairman Jim Steele. “We congratulate them for their accomplishments and look forward to many more years of success from each of them.” Dressage, sometimes referred to as “dancing horses,” develops the horse’s natural athletic ability. At the peak of a dressage horse’s development, the horse will respond smoothly to cues from a skilled rider. Competitive dressage involves nine progressive levels incorporating multiple tests within each level. Special tests are also written for musical freestyle, sport horse breeding and performances incorporating multiple horses and riders. Tests are revised every four years by the United States Dressage Federation (USDF), the United States Equestrian Federation (USEF) and the International Equestrian Federation. The five award recipients are: • Scott Hassler (Cecil County) — Na-

tional Coach for the U.S. Dressage Federation (USDF). Hassler, having already served as national coach for three terms, recently signed a new contract to remain as national coach through 2015. He founded the U.S. Equestrian Federation (USEF) Young Horse program that has been producing excellent results over the past decade. Since 1999, Hassler has been a member of the USEF Dressage Committee, the USEF Breeding Committee, and, since 2001, has chaired the USDF Sporthorse Committee. As the sole representative for the sport of dressage, he now serves on the USEF Strategic Planning Committee, assisting in the long-term planning for the country’s national horse sport organization. He, along with his wife Susanne, are developing Hassler Dressage at Riveredge, a world class training, breeding and education operation in Chesapeake City, into an international venue. For more information about Hassler Dressage see • Royal Prince, who is stabled at Hilltop Farm (Cecil County) and owned by Jane MacElree, has been the USEF Dressage Breeding Sire of the Year every year from 2008 to 2011, a distinction awarded based on the success of his early offspring in the show ring. Royal Prince was a successful dressage competitor and finished fourth at the FEI World Championships for Young Horses in Germany and winning with high-scores through Prix St. Georges. Royal Prince’s oldest offspring are now winning under saddle in dressage, eventing and hunter competitions. For a complete history of Royal Prince, see Maryland’s three 2011 USDF’s Gold

Medalists also received Touch of Class Awards. To qualify for a USDF Gold Medal, riders must earn at least • Christine Betz of Thurmont (Frederick County) — Betz is a USDF gold, silver and bronze medalist. She has trained and competed successfully in all the sport horse disciplines and regularly coaches riders who compete in all the horse sports. She trains and teaches out of Dark Horse Dressage in Frederick County. For a complete biography, see • Jaralyn Finn of Poolesville (Montgomery County) — Finn is a USDF gold, silver and bronze medalist, and a graduate with distinction of the USDF "L" judge program. She has been teaching and training since 1993 and is currently based out of Wyndham Oaks dressage facility in Boyds. She and her husband also own Shepherd’s Run Farm, a small private training farm in Poolesville. For a complete biography, see teamfinesse/aboutjaralyn.html. • Susanne Hassler of Chesapeake City (Cecil County) — Hassler is a USDF gold, silver and bronze medalist. She became an international dressage competitor in 2004 when she rode Hilltop Farm’s Royal Prince to a fourth place finish at the World Championships for Young Horses in Germany, the highest placing result for the U.S. to date. She and her husband Scott Hassler built the foundation for the top breeding program at Hilltop Farm and currently run their own business, Hassler Dressage at Riveredge, which is based in Chesapeake City. Hassler Dressage is dedicated to the fulfillment of individual potential for both the horse and the rider and offers many educational events throughout the

year. For a more complete biography, see www.hasslerdressage. com/team/susannehassler.html. The Touch of Class Award is presented every month to honor Maryland horses, individuals, teams, organizations or events that have garnered national or international recognition. The award is named after “Touch of Class,” the Maryland-bred mare who won two Olympic Gold Medals in Show Jumping at the 1984 Games in Los Angeles. MHIB named its first award recipient in September 2011. After this month’s award were distributed, Touch of Class total recipients included 19 people and 12 horses from nine Maryland counties who are involved in 10 varieties of horse sport. For a complete list of Touch of Class recipients, see nners_To_Date.pdf. For more information about the PVDA Ride for Life, see

approved for use. Administration Oral administration is preferred; and with drenches, it is very important to make sure the product is delivered over the base of the tongue. By doing so, the dose is delivered to the rumen where it will be mixed with the ingesta and then distributed evenly throughout the gastrointestinal tract. If the dose is delivered into the front part of the mouth, the animal may spit all or part of it out. Additionally the swallowing or “gag” reflex may stimulate closure of the esophageal groove, causing the product to bypass the rumen. When the rumen is bypassed, the dose goes directly into the omasum (third stomach) and moves quickly through the gastrointestinal tract, thus not allowing sufficient time for the anthelmintic to achieve full effectiveness. The other form of oral administration is in feed products, which does not ensure that all animals will receive an effective dose because individual animals utilize these products differently. Some animals eat more or less than others due to their appetite, their place

in the pecking order or their distaste for the formulation — specifically pelleted dewormers, supplement blocks and mineral mixes. Although it is not recommended to do so, if one elects to use injectable products, injections are subcutaneous and best administered in an area of exposed skin, usually under the front legs, so that it’s possible to see the dose being delivered. It is best to not “tent” the skin. Just lay the needle on the skin and insert it quickly. If the skin is tented, the needle may come out the other side and the injected material will be administered on the skin surface. If the injection is given in an area covered by hair, it can be difficult to ensure that the needle actually penetrates the skin and the dose is delivered appropriately. Sometimes the injected material will run back out of the needle hole, so make sure to press a finger over the injection site for a few seconds to prevent leakage. If one elects to use a pour-on product, which is also not recommended, the material has to be delivered on to the skin. Parting of the hair may be necessary to

achieve this, particularly if the hair is long. There are mixed reports as to whether pour-ons, approved for use in cattle only, work on goats. For the most part, they do not seem to be that effective in goats and may also cause skin irritation. Resistance The major problem encountered in controlling nematode parasitism in goats is the genetic resistance that many worm populations — specifically H. contortus (barber pole worm) — have developed to essentially all of our dewormers. Resistance has developed primarily because dewormers have been used and rotated too frequently and many times under-dosing occurs. Continuing to use such a dewormer will increase the selection of more resistant worms which will eventually result in a population of “superworms” that can’t be controlled with drugs. There is no silver bullet one can rely upon. Resistance is genetically controlled, and once established, it is set in the population, and those dewormers can no longer be used effectively. Source:

Dewormers from 9 stricted and cannot legally use an unapproved product extra-label. Classes The three general classes of dewormers are benzimidazoles, imidazothiazoles and macrolides. The more commonly used benzimidazole dewormers are fenbendazole (Safeguard, Panacur) and albendazole (Valbazen); imidazothiazole dewormers are levamisole (Levisol, Tramisol) and morantel tartrate (Rumatel); and macrolide dewormers are ivermectin (Ivomec) and moxidectin (Cydectin). Of these, only fenbendazole, albendazole and morantel tartrate are currently approved for use in goats. All others would be used as extra-label. A number of these dewormers have gone off-patent and are now marketed under different generic names. Formulations Formulations of dewormers include drench, injection and pour-on. In addition, some dewormers are marketed in feed supplement blocks, mineral mixes, pellets and cubes. For goats, only the drench formulation of fenbendazole and albendazole, and the feed formulation of morantel tartrate are


Maryland Horse Industry Board honors five with Touch of Class Awards


WRAPPED ROUND bale baleage processed with rotocut baler. Cut June 15th, $35. per bale, 60 available. Between Little Falls and Middleville NY. 315-7964374.(NY) 15K- PTO GENERATOR, antique hay rake, 12ft. hyd. dump, 6- produce wagons, scales, 1/2 bu. baskets, Oliver 77 manual, Allis cultivator + plow manuals, B.O. 315853-5889.(NY) HAY AND STRAW first cutting hay, mixed grasses $3.50/bale, bleached straw $4.25/bale, regular straw (good for construction or garden) $3.50/bale. 518-6732669.(NY) 3-BURNER OIL stove $275. Well broke black miniature Pony with harness $365. David A. Slabaugh 5644 Klein Rd. Fill, NY 14735. JD 5300 2WD Tractor collar shift trans dual remotes, canopy, 4,955 hours, good working condition $7,900. A-R compound bow $90. 315-536-6406.(NY) ORGANIC HOLSTEIN Springers and fresh Hfrs. 20,000lb. herd Ave- low SCC AI Sired delivery available $2,000. each. 518-6388357.(NY) CASE MODEL 430 tractor loader, excellent condition $4,500. Ford-8N, 1951 with Sherman, nice condition $2,800. Hay elevator 24ft. new $750. 814-848-9936.(PA) YOUNG GUINEA’S and Chickens for sale choice $5. each, large fowl, Bantams, Lavender Pearl or Purple GUINEA’S. 315843-7563.(NY)

8 BALE ACCUMULATOR, made by Hay Master, like new. Also John Deere mower conditioner, model 1217 in good condition. 802-254-5069.(VT) 2007 VERMEER 5400XL round baler, restrictor plates for silage or dry bailing, auto chain lube, excellent condition, twine tie $8,000. 413-624-3012.(MA) HORSE DRAWN potato plow, new handles made by Craw & Dennis. Schuylerville, NY. Pat. 1848, also Lynchburg LH plow, new handles. 315-376-6386.(NY) DODGE 2001, 3500 Diesel 4x4 dually pickup Bomag 120 vibratory roller. International TD15C dozer 3pt. hitch 6’ broom box scraper. 585-599-3401.(NY) WANTED: STEEL BELTING COMBINE wheels, singles or duals; JD 4-row corn head; Grain swather; Batch dryer; Double spinner hay rake 518-529-7470.(NY)

TUNIS EWE LAMBS for sale $175. each. 8 Available Aug. 1st. and trucking is available. Call 585-394-5814.(NY) JOHN DEERE 2840, good rubber, good condition, new Hi-Lo, new PTO, 5,000 hours 48,900. Steel 9x18 hay wagon $1,800. 315-866-1131.(NY) FOR SALE: 1 Jersey Holstein cross Heifer due date is July 21 1,100. Tioga, NY. 607687-0616 JOHN DEERE A new battery, rear tires, good runner $3,295. M with cult. $2,250. L restore or parts $900. 585-975-9435.(NY) FOR SALE: JD-MT N.F.E. 3pt. hitch, good engine and drive train tires match and good $1,850. 607-368-4572.(NY) 200’ OF BARN CLEANER CHAIN with Berg drive 16” chain, 7 years old, chain clockwise, 315-531-9315.(NY)

FORD 5000 CRANK, pistons rods VA case truck disk, plows, Allis engine block 301ci bale spear ground driven spreader 607538-1654.(NY)

ROUND AND SQUARE bales first, second cut, Westfield, MA. area, reasonably priced. 413-887-8880 or 413-374-9165

2003 24’ EBY Ruff neck trailer 8K axles 2 gates 8’ wide 7’ high, like new shape $20,000. 860-334-7031.(CT)

NEW HOLLAND HAY BALER with kicker for sale, always kept undercover, very good condition, 315-717-7286.(NY)

10 YEAR OLD Percheron Gelding sound. Works good, $1,075. or trade for dairy cow. 4831 State Hwy. 10 Fort Plain,NY 13339

SKINNER HAY MOW elevator, power curve, approximately 80’ long, asking $1,000. or best offer. 607-988-6348.(NY)

1,000 GAL OIL tanks, 10gal. 5’x8’ & 4’x11’ @ 495. 3,000Gal. oil tank 3/16 steel, 5’x18’ @ 1,495. Excellent condition. 203-8806814.(CT)

WANTED: Disc brake assembly for International OS4. 716-434-7278.(NY)

39- ACB WIDE front runs and looks good $1,000. 49- JDM runs and looks good $3,100. SS JD 40C with loader, new motor $4,000. 585-526-5347.(NY)

FARMALL SA restored cultivators front, rear, like new $3,000. obo. 716-9423994.(NY)

SHEEP DOWNSIZING flock. Dorset cross Ewes and Lambs. Registered border Cheviot Rams. Corriedale, Romney, Border Leicester grade Ewes. Colored Fleeces. 585-526-5393.(NY)

1986 INTERNATIONAL MODEL 674 dump truck 300 Cummings, double frame, positive lock rear end trailer, air, 9 speed transmission. 607-865-5057.(NY)

200+ 3’ TALL BLUE plastic tree tubes, used, awesome tree starter, still round with plastic straps, extra bamboo poles $200. 607-863-4928.(NY)

2000 DODGE DIESEL DUALLY, good condition, runs excellent, $7,000/or trade for IH diesel tractor? Case 8’ side rake 315939-9336.(NY)

FOR SALE: 6” Irish Setter shoes by Red Wing, size-10 new. Also storage shed. John Hershberger 440 Mcilwee Rd. Huevelton,NY 13654. HOLSTEIN JERSEY CROSS Bull 6mo. 3wk. old $350. 820 Lawn mower transmission $40. WANTED: Forage wagon, very good condition. 315-536-8919.(NY) WANTED: 3-Bottom plow, prefer White high clearance. FOR SALE: 4-Bottom plow 720 IH $1,900 + 3-bottom 535 IH $500. 585-526-5954.(NY) 1915 WILLIAM’S GRAIN thresher, good original condition, needs minor work done. Comes with original paper work $600. 315719-4227.(NY)

FOR SALE: McConnell forage side dump 14’ long $3,500. 99 Gehl blower $500. 315688-4488.(NY) WANTED: Certified organic oats, Yates or Ontario Co. area. 585-554-6419.(NY)

13.6x38 GOODYEAR 4PLY tires with 70% tread on 8 bolt tin rims. 315-568-5042.(NY)

WANTED: Young buck Angus Bull, 15-20 months old, registered and reasonable. 607-829-5435.(NY) TEDDER KUHN model 5000T 17’ $3,500. PTO post hole auger 6” auger $200. 413584-3291.(MA)

JOHN DEERE 14T baler, working condition, always covered. 315-699-5349.(NY)

FOR SALE: Male Alpacas $200. to $500. each. Please call 315-823-1605.(NY)

WOODEN HAY WAGON 8’x16’ on JD running gear, extendable tongue, front and side unloading, good condition $700. 315525-3084.(NY)

WANTED: 2 or 3 Cheviot Ewes. Leave message with phone number. 585-6576076.(NY)

SOUTHDOWN EWE Lambs - purebred, replacement quality, 4 months old $150. each. Oakham, MA. 508-882-1234

DEMCO 500 GALLON sprayer 45’ hydraulic fold booms. Case-IH 1660 combine G.C. Chevy C70 diesel single axle grain dump truck. 315-789-0882.(NY)

CHEVY C60 TRUCK with dump box, hydraulic tailgate. Silage dump table excellent shape, works great, no longer use. 607-627-6245.(NY)

I AM PARTING OUT MY IH 105 COMBINE 12’ grain head, stored inside, Boonville 315-942-5167.(NY)

469 NH HAYBINE, good working order, used this year $950. WANTED: Gravity boxes. 585-703-2001.(NY)

WANTED: Rear mount sickle bar mower for Allis Chalmers D-14 tractor snap coupler hitch, good condition only. 540-7633670.(VA)

WANTED: Old culvert pipe 2’x5’ around or old metal tanks. Also wanted, manual shift riding mower, doesn’t need deck. 315-3647847.(NY)

KATAHDIN LAMB and Yearlings, Ewes and Rams, $150. Also Ford 501 sickle mower, 7 feet long $850. Call leave message. 973726-9381.(NJ)

MENSCH SELF PROPELLED VACUUM truck Feterl grain auger 60’ Huchingson grain auger 50’ 24’-7-ring drying bin 27’9ring holding bin 315-364-8569.(NY)

2000 GRAND CARAVAN, good condition, 3.3V6, recent inspection, high miles, $1,250. Well maintained and cared for. 315-845-8341.(NY)

85 4X4 ROUND BALES, feed lot hay. $20. each, loaded on your truck. Cash. Knox, NY. 518-872-0077

THREE SHORT BRED Holstein Heifers. New Idea ground driven spreader. Terratrac dozer 10-38 rear tire. Five restored John Deere tractors. 607-369-7656.(NY)

ALLIED HAY MOW elevator with motor and 4 trips, 72ft. length, asking $400. 315865-5958.(NY)

JD 210 DISC 1 season on new bearings $3,000. IH 6-row cultivator frame w/rolling shields, no teeth G.O. Penn Yan,NY 315536-3515

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WHEAT STRAW OUT OF FIELD about 20 acres, Newark area 315-573-3121.(NY) 2012 WELL’S CARGO 5’x8’ trailer V-front, S-door, ramp door, Niagara Co $3,995 have small animals or mowers. 716-7315732.(NY) FOR SALE: JD 327 square baler with kicker, extra wide pickup, excellent condition, field ready, always stored inside $8,500. obo. 716-731-4021.(NY)

TROYBILT CHIPPER 7-HP runs excellent $550. Used motor oil for heat $1.50gal. Truck van 8’x19’ roll up door back side. 585-991-8489.(NY)

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Composites may trade predictability for simplicity by Miranda Reiman A good crossbreeding program takes some background in genetics, a big enough herd and land base, good bull suppliers and time to figure all that out. Producers looking for a simpler route to heterosis often opt to use a composite bull. “In order for a crossbreeding operation to maximize heterosis, it takes a lot of different pasture, a lot of management, which because of size and time a lot of people can’t devote to it,” said Jarold Callahan, president of Express Ranches, Yukon, OK. “You basically have to have different herds within your herd.” So the composite bull market was born, where breeding stock is billed as already having that built-in hybrid vigor. “Implementing crossbreeding can be somewhat daunting,” said Nevil Speer, Western Kentucky University animal scientist. “Many operations would rather forgo such effort if production can be maintained while also ensuring relative absence of problems. As a result, producers are often encouraged to utilize composite bulls as a simplified means to boost heterosis and subsequent production.” But Callahan says it’s not always a “quick fix.” Express has sold hundreds of Limousin-Angus crosses over the years, but recently decreased the number of composites (F1) offered on an annual basis. “A lot of people we sent F1 bulls to were very disappointed because of gene segregation and what was being transmitted from each parent,” he

said. “Some progeny of these bulls really favored traits of one breed and some favored traits of the other, some looked Angus and some looked Continental. You ended up with a set of calves that were not only visually different, but a lot different in terms of outcome and how you needed to manage them.” Geneticist Bob Weaber, Kansas State University, says that’s partly because what works on average for the whole calf crop varies among individuals. That may shift the balance of traits toward one breed or the other. “Even though the F2s [composite progeny] have half of their genetic material from each breed on average, some re-pairing of chromosomes from the same breed occurs,” he said. “When we make an F2 we see a decrease in heterosis, because on average one-half of the animals’ chromosomes consist of pairings from the same breed of founder.” Data from the U.S. Meat Animal Research Center (MARC) suggests that the progeny from matings of F1 parents are no more variable than either of their purebred founder breeds for traits like weaning weight or yearling weight. However, for traits controlled by a single gene, these progeny are noticeably less consistent than the F1 parents, especially if the founder breeders were very divergent, Weaber says. Speer says that makes it hard to measure how much productivity they should add to the herd: “In many instances composite bulls actually repre-

sent backcrossing and may reduce heterosis potential versus using a breed that serves as a total outcross.” From a seedstock producer’s perspective, it can be much more difficult to create a reliable composite compared to a purebred bull. “I have 27 years of objective breeding decisions that harness the power of the AAA [American Angus Association] database,” said Brian McCulloh, Viroqua, Wis. The registered breeder, who makes 350 of those decisions each spring, says the predictive power is strengthened by the broad use of artificial insemination (AI) by Association members, who submit within-herd data that ties all animals together. “Simply put, I am not comfortable ‘experimenting’ with data from other breeds to create a composite bull for our commercial customers. I have more confidence predicting the outcome of our pure line Angus bulls,” he said. The Angus database updates weekly with more than 20 million performance measures and 17 million pedigrees. That data volume explains why, after dabbling in the composite market to try offering customers an outcross, McCulloh abruptly stopped. Using the MARC across-breed EPD (expected progeny difference) adjustment factors help in comparing data, Callahan said. “But there is still a little bit of an unknown as to where that animal is going to come out. “The purebred cattle evaluations give you better insight in terms of predictability of individuals and their off-

spring,” he said. Genomically-enhanced EPDs hone that ability. “You can make more progress — because you have greater access to performance information — than you can in most crossbreeding operations, unless they’re extremely well designed.” To date, the DNA technology can only effectively sort out straightbred populations, he adds. “That precludes it from being useful in composites and crossbreds,” Callahan said. When selecting hybrids, commercial producers may face another challenge: “There’s an increasing need to purchase bulls in volume that provide both uniformity of calf crop and deliver on the various traits of interest,” Speer said. “Commercial bull buyers have access to larger sale offerings when shopping for Angus bulls compared to other breeds.” Purchasing siblings in bulk is routine. “That opportunity doesn’t exist when considering composite bulls,” he said. Callahan doesn’t dispute the advantages of genetic diversity, but says he’s concerned with those who are “crossbreeding just for the sake of crossbreeding.” His typical composite customer is in a terminal program, purchasing rather than raising replacement heifers. Otherwise, many have switched back to straightbreds. “They really enjoy the uniformity of their calf crop and the predictability in their genetics,” he said. There are no shortcuts to that.

New partnership between Farm Bureau and Universal Fairs will help build State Fair of Virginia To help preserve the tradition of the State Fair of Virginia, the Virginia Farm Bureau Federation has entered into a formal partnership with Universal Fairs LLC of Cordova, TN. The Richmond-based nonprofit agricultural organization will be involved in developing the agricultural component of the fair, which Universal Fairs purchased at auction in May. The fair’s former operators declared Chapter 7 bankruptcy earlier in the spring. Called Commonwealth Fairs and Events LLC, the new partnership will run the state fair as well as other shows and events at the 331-acre property in Caroline County. The first order of business will be to hold an exciting new state fair this fall from Sept. 28 through Oct. 7. “Virginia Farm Bureau Federation and Universal Fairs have put together a partnership that we feel will help retain and grow the agricultural component of the fair,” explained VFBF President Wayne F. Pryor. “Universal Fairs has a proven track record of putting on successful fairs in several locations around the country. We are very excited and look forward to working with them for many years.” UF’s events include large fairs in Tennessee, Georgia and Washington state, a festival in Ari-

zona and a variety of shows and expos throughout the United States. “Universal Fairs has extensive experience in running family-friendly, entertaining fairs, and Virginia Farm Bureau brings an exciting agricultural component to the mix,” said UF President Mark Lovell. “We are new to Virginia, but we know how to run a fair. With Virginia Farm Bureau, a trusted organization that has been around for more than 85 years, we will be able to bring together the best of both worlds. I think that by working together we can help strengthen Virginia’s agricultural stature and visibility through various shows, events and exhibits.” Virginia Gov. Bob McDonnell extended congratulations to Farm Bureau on the partnership, which he said “will further enrich the commonwealth’s long-standing tradition that is the State Fair of Virginia. For more than 100 years, the state fair has educated and entertained millions of Virginians. Today’s announcement helps to ensure that future generations of Virginians will continue to experience the best of what the fair has to offer. In addition, the Farm Bureau’s investment will guarantee that agriculture, Virginia’s largest industry, will be featured prominently — as it should be —

at the fair for years to come.” New agriculture-related events being planned include a 5-kilometer race sponsored by the Virginia Foundation for Agriculture in the Classroom, which strives to improve the farm literacy of schoolchildren, as well as the Real Virginia Virtual Farm Tour. The tour will engage families at the fair and at home with a live online discussion about farming practices. Viewers will have their questions answered by a panel of farm experts and will “tour” a half-dozen Virginia farms via video. At each farm, the owners will be on camera to describe their operations. “Being the state’s largest farm organization, and having as part of our mission the preservation of agriculture, we felt it was paramount to step up to the plate and assist with the fair,” Pryor said. “It is a vital tool for helping the public understand the importance of the agriculture industry. We plan to carry this out through teaching exhibits, shows and competitive events that include livestock, poultry, fiber and produce. “Equally important to us is retaining the scholarship programs for youth who compete in livestock and equine shows through the FFA and 4-H organizations,” Pryor added. “We also plan to

continue competitions in photography, arts and crafts and other disciplines.” Caroline County Board of Supervisors Chairman Wayne Acors said the county “is gratified that its monthslong recruitment of the Farm Bureau to participate in the State Fair of Virginia has resulted in the announced partnership. The Farm Bureau is the premier agricultural organization in the commonwealth and brings with it stability, integrity and a large membership that will be welcome in Caroline County at the state fair and at many other events. The State Fair of Virginia will be better than ever at The Meadow Event Park.”


Crossbred bull ‘fix’


Home-based food production certification class offered It happens all the time. Someone makes Grandma’s pickles or Aunt Betty’s chow-chow and people admire it and say, “You should sell this.” But producing acidified foods such as pickles may not be as easy as it sounds, and if not done properly, harmful bacteria may be present in the foods. Thanks to the Food Science and Technology Department of Virginia Tech and Virginia Cooperative Extension, there is help on the horizon. The Virginia Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services (VDACS) is offering a training workshop designed for those home-based cooks with a must-sell product: the Better Process School Aug. 15-16 at the Virginia Tech Richmond Center at 2810 Parham Road, Suite 300, Room 333, Richmond, VA. The deadline for registration and submission of full payment is Aug. 1. The registration fee includes a student textbook, training, lunch on both days and examinations. The cost is $250 per person and space is limited to 40 people. Certificates of completion will be prepared and mailed to each person who successfully completes the course. Topics include Microbiology of Thermally Processed Foods, Acidified Foods, Food Container Handling, Equipment Instrumentation and Operation for Thermal Processing Systems,



Principles of Food Plant Sanitation, Principles of Thermal Processing, Recordkeeping for Product Protection and Container Closure Evaluation for Glass, Flexible and Semi-rigid Containers. Instructors will give examinations throughout the course and will grade them quickly so that students are aware of their progress. Successful completion of the Better Process Control School certifies supervisors in the requirements of the Code of Federal Regulations, Title 21, Part 114, which states: “All plant personnel involved in acidification, pH control, heat treatment, or other critical factors of the operation shall be under the operating supervision of a person who has attended a school approved by the Commissioner (of Agriculture) for giving instruction in food handling techniques, food protection principles, personal hygiene, plant sanitation practices, pH controls, and critical factors in acidification.” “During the previous legislative session, several producers expressed an interest in having this training available,” said Matthew J. Lohr, VDACS Commissioner. “I am delighted that Virginia Tech is able to offer these courses at a lower than normal cost and to offer a course in central Virginia. This will be a terrific benefit for those wanting to sell pickles or other acidified foods.”

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UNIVERSITY PARK, PA — Penn State’s Ag Progress Days exposition, Aug. 14-16, will provide entertaining yet educational activities for horse lovers of all ages and experience levels, according to Ann Macrina, senior instructor in the Department of Animal Science. The event’s annual Equine Experience will offer a full schedule of training and breed clinics, demonstrations, informational displays and lectures. “This year, Ken and Karen Sandoe, of Sunny Hill Farm, will present an eighthorse hitch of Belgian draft horses,” said Macrina, who coordinates the

Equine Experience events. “These ‘gentle giants’ will be hitched and driven once each day, plus once for a special performance during the Wednesday Evening Extravaganza.” “The Evening Extravaganza also will feature ‘mini’ versus ‘giant’ as youth volunteers with the Capital Area Therapeutic Riding Association demonstrate the amazing abilities of miniature horses.” She said the miniature horses, always a hit with children, will be on display all three days. Highlights of Wednesday’s schedule also include Training from the Ground Up, a workshop by Ward Studebaker,

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well-known trainer and retired manager of the Penn State Horse Farm. In addition, Suzanne Myers, trainer and owner of Next Level Horsemanship, will demonstrate problem-solving solutions and will help riders understand their horse’s language by using the round pen. Ben Nolt, a certified riding instructor, horse trainer and clinician with more than 50 years of involvement with the horse industry, will present Horse Mastership Essentials on Tuesday and will be on hand all three days to answer questions. Other events will feature drill-team performances, horseback racing games and Pennsylvania State Police Mounted Patrol demonstrations of crowd control using horses. Penn State faculty, staff and students also will conduct handling demonstrations geared toward helping horse owners learn skills to work with their horses more safely and confidently. Breed demonstrations will feature Paso Finos, Andalusians, Appaloosas and — although not a horse breed — llamas. In addition to the riding and training demonstrations, a series of lectures will be presented in the Equine Learning Center. Topics will include pasture management and weed control, nutrition, equine massage, acupuncture and routine horse health-management skills every horse owner should know.

The Pennsylvania Equine Council’s Learning Station will allow visitors to groom a horse, visit with council members and learn what issues are at the forefront of Pennsylvania’s equine industry. New this year is the Penn State Equine Science Horse Quiz Bowl competition, which will take place on Thursday. Penn State Equine Science faculty and staff will be available all three days at the Equine Arena and Equine Exhibits Building to answer questions and provide information. On Wednesday, an ask-the-experts booth will feature Ed Jedrzejewski, Penn State horse unit manager, who will answer questions about parasites from 11:30 a.m. to 12:30 p.m., and Donna Foulk, equine extension educator, who will identify weeds from 2 p.m. to 3 p.m. Sponsored by Penn State’s College of Agricultural Sciences, Ag Progress Days is held at the Russell E. Larson Agricultural Research Center at Rock Springs, nine miles southwest of State College on Route 45. Hours are 9 a.m. to 5 p.m. on Aug. 14; 9 a.m. to 8 p.m. on Aug. 15; and 9 a.m. to 4 p.m. on Aug. 16. Admission and parking are free. For more information, visit the Ag Progress Days website at Twitter users can find and share information about the event by using the hashtag #agprogress.


Ag Progress Days offers new events for horse enthusiasts


Virginia announces Certified Farm Seeker program In a reversal of trends over the past couple of generations, young people today seem to be returning to the farm, or they would if they could just find one. Farming is an occupation that is asset heavy — land, equipment, buildings, machinery, livestock — and all of those assets are expensive. A mid-size farm, if you can find one for sale, can run into hundreds of thousands or even millions of dollars. Some farmers are making a living on 30 acres or fewer. But if a wouldbe farmer really wants a farm with all the acreage, barns, sheds, tractors, planters, sprayers, combines and harvesters, what is he or she to do? Thanks to a new program offered by the Virginia Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services (VDACS) and the Virginia Farm Bureau’s Young Farmers Committee, would-be farmers can become a Certified Farm Seeker, a designation that lets landowners know you are serious about farming. The Certified Farm Seeker (CFS) program is designed for farmers at all levels: beginning, established or transitioning. The program’s goal is to provide individuals who want to farm with the tools needed to successfully demonstrate their farming commitment and vision to interested landowners. Those who earn the title Certified Farm Seeker stand out from the crowd. Landowners know these individuals are serious about establishing a farm enterprise and have completed the planning necessary for long-term success. Agriculture is a business; in fact, it is Virginia’s largest industry. And like any other business, would-be farmers need a sound business plan as a first step on the road to their goal of farm ownership. The CFS Program is designed around helping interested farmers produce a business plan and resume, as well as demonstrate on-farm experience. Five Whole Farm Planning Modules are available as resources to

guide seekers through this process. Each module contains objectives, questions and possible activities to help beginning farmers reach their goals. The curriculum is designed to be flexible and can be applied to farmers at every experience level. When aspiring farmers complete the CFS program, they gain many rewards. They receive professional review of their business plan at reduced or no cost. They receive priority in the Virginia Farm Link database, an online resource designed to link farm owners interested in exiting agriculture with those seeking farms and farm businesses, thereby increasing the farm seekers’ chances of being contacted by a landowner. They receive invitations to numerous networking and social opportunities to interact with other farmers and landowners. And they may even receive time with a transi-

tion mediator or attorney at reduced or no cost. “I was one of the lucky ones,” said Matthew J. Lohr, VDACS Commissioner. “I grew up on a family farm and retain an interest in that farm today. But not everyone is so lucky, and for those who want to turn their childhood fascination with machinery, plant and animals into a viable business, the Certified Farm Seeker Program is just the tool to get them started and to ensure their success.” The Certified Farm Seeker Program will be officially unveiled at the Virginia Farm Bureau’s Young Farmers Summer Expo July 27-29 in Lynchburg. One of the Expo components is an informative session on the Certified Farm Seeker Program. Registration is free and information is available by contacting Ron Saacke at 804-514-4202 or Additional information on the Certified Farm Seeker

Program can be found at reservation/seeker.shtml. The Certified Farm Seeker Program is a partnership between Virginia Farm Bureau’s

Young Farmers and the Virginia Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services, made possible by Virginia Beginning Farmer and Rancher Coalition Pro-

ject through Virginia Tech and revenue generated from the Virginia Agriculture specialty license plate.

HACCP workshop geared to non-meat processors BURLINGTON, VT — By law commercial food processors, including those who produce and sell meats, poultry, juice and certain vacuumpacked products are required to develop and implement a Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Points (HACCP) plan to ensure the safety of their products. In addition, more food buyers are now requiring food producers to have a HACCP plan in place. On Aug. 8 University of Vermont (UVM) Extension will offer an Introduction to HACCP workshop, geared specifically to food processors who sell non-meat products. It’s scheduled from 9 a.m. to noon at the Vermont Department of Health, 108 Cherry St., Burlington. Registration is $15 per person. The workshop will focus on the basics of HACCP, including how to con-

duct a hazard analysis and identify critical control points in a food processing operation. Participants also will pick up pointers on monitoring procedures, establishment of critical limits and corrective actions and verification and recordkeeping procedures, all critical to the development and implementation of a HACCP plan. Registrations will be accepted online at until Aug. 3. To request a disability-related accommodation to participate, contact Rose Crossley at the UVM Extension office in Berlin at 866-8601382, ext. 201, toll-free in Vermont or 802-223-2389, ext. 201, by July 18. For questions, contact Dr. Londa Nwadike, UVM Extension food safety specialist and workshop instructor, at

by Karl H. Kazaks ABINGDON, VA — The Virginia Forage and Grassland Council (VFGC) together with Virginia Cooperative Extension held a trio of workshops across the commonwealth recently to illustrate some of the prin-

ciples and techniques of fencing for controlled grazing systems. The events were held in Chatham, Roseland, and Abingdon. Sponsors were Stay-Tuff Fence Manufacturing, Gallagher USA, and other local sponsors. The made-in-

Virginia fence post driver company Extreme Driver was also on hand to demonstrate its top-ofthe line self-propelled heavy duty post driver. Soon thereafter, the New River Highlands RC & D Council followed up on those meetings with

additional information sessions in Washington, Montgomery, and Carroll counties. Because the material covered in the workshops was extensive, only select highlights will be reviewed here, particularly those related to

the practical application of installing fencing. For more information or assistance, contact your local extension agent. One tip emphasized by all presenters at the workshop is the importance of taking time to lay out where you want a

fence to go before you start setting posts. Billy White, Virginia and North Carolina sales manager for Stay-Tuff Fence said, “When you’re planning out a fence you need to buy a marker and surveyor flags.” Use a marker — like those used by Miss Utility, with replaceable cans of spray paint — to mark the path of the fence. Use surveyor flags to mark where the posts will go. When planning a 90-degree turn in fencing, make sure that no more than 15 degrees of turn occurs between any pair of adjacent fence posts. “Spend the time to lay it out and plan it,” said Extreme Driver’s Rusty Tanner, “because you’ve got to look at the fence for the next 25 years. Spend the time to put up a good product.” “It’s a lot easier to pull out a flag than dig up a post,” White added. Lee Ellsworth, territory manager for the electric fence company Gallagher USA, echoed that sentiment. “The most important part of fence building is getting the posts in.” Tanner proceeded to demonstrate his selfpropelled driver. Capable of driving posts up to 14 feet in length, it has a holder arm that prevents a post from popping outward when being driven (and thus reduces the risk that the operator or someone else will be injured by a wayward post). Hydraulically operated — and made in the U.S., in Madison, VA — the driver can set a post in most ground in less than a minute. When positioning a post to be driven, put the narrow point down. There typically is no need to sharpen the bottom of the post, however. The one exception would be when you are driving into rock. In that case, use the auger on the machine to drill a pilot hole, then sharpen the bottom of the post. That will allow the post to slip into the pilot hole. “If you’re going to put in a tight fence,” Tanner said, “you need to drive posts.” That’s because driven posts are nine times tighter than dug posts.



VFGC, Cooperative Extension hold series of fencing field days


Milk Prices Are Headed Back Up But They Better Be Issued July 6, 2012 Farm milk prices have bottomed out and reversing gears. The Agriculture Department announced the June Federal order Class III price at $15.63 per hundredweight (cwt.) up 40 cents from May, $3.48 below June 2011, 98 cents above California’s comparable 4b price, and equates to about $1.34 per gallon. That put the 2012 Class III average at $15.90, down from $17.06 at this time a year ago and compares to $13.58 in 2010 and $10.19 in 2009. Looking ahead, Class III futures were trading late Friday morning as follows: July $16.71; August, $17.50; September, $17.82; October, $17.80; November, $17.55; and December was at $17.44 per cwt. That would result in a second half average of $17.47 versus $15.90 in the first half. The June Class IV price is $13.24, down 31 cents from May and $7.81below a year ago. The four week AMSsurveyed cheese price averaged $1.5846 per pound, up 6.3 cents from May. Butter averaged $1.3991, up 3.3 cents, nonfat dry milk $1.1023, down 5.3 cents, and dry whey averaged 50.13 cents, down 3.8 cents from May. California’s comparable June 4b cheese milk price is $14.65 per cwt., up $1.09 from May but $4.14 below a year ago. The 4a butter -powder price is $13.17, down 28 cents from May and $7.62 below a year ago. The 4b price average for 2012 now stands at $13.83, down from $15.67 a year ago and compares to $12.29 in 2010. The 4a price average now stands at $14.73, down from $18.94 a year ago and compares to $13.69 in 2010. Dairy margins were mixed over the last two weeks of June, holding steady in the third quar-

ter of 2012, but weakening in deferred periods as strength in milk was more focused on nearby contracts and only partially helped to offset surging feed costs, according to the latest Dairy Margin report from Commodity & Ingredient Hedging, LLC and reported by Dairy Profit Weekly (DPW). Affecting margins, the second half of June featured a blistering corn rally brought on by sharply deteriorating crop conditions due to expanding drought across the Midwest. USDA’s Cold Storage report showed May 31 American cheese stocks totaled 623.2 million pounds, down 9.5 million from April and only slightly above a year ago. Given that stocks normally tend to increase between April and May (with 2007 being the only other exception in recent times), the data suggest better demand and supports the firming cheese price trend during June. Cash block cheese closed the 4th of July week at $1.64 per pound, down a penny on the holiday-shortened week, 47 cents below a year ago, and 3 1/2-cents below the barrels. The barrels held all week at $1.6750, 42 3/4-cents below a year ago. Three carloads of block traded hands on the week and none of barrel. The AMS-surveyed U.S. average block priced hit $1.6346, up 1.2 cents, while the barrels averaged $1.6220, up 4.1 cents. Cheese prices across the country continue to show strength, according to USDA’s Dairy Market News. Retail sales are good. Cheese production continues to hold fairly steady with marginal declines, due to declining milk production. There have been few concerns from cheese manufacturers about milk availability. Production has been geared to build inventories in case of shorter milk supplies later in the summer, according to

USDA, but increasing price levels are beginning to impact export sales. Cash butter closed Friday at $1.5325, up a half-cent on the week but 49 3/4- cents below a year ago. Three cars found new homes. AMS butter averaged $1.4695, up 7.1 cents. Butter churns are operating on busy schedules although cream volumes are tightening. Class II demand continues to pull significant volumes of cream, especially for ice cream and mix needs. Butter demand is steady at generally good levels coast to coast. Retail ads indicate that butter ranges from $1.49 in the Central part of the country to $3.99 per pound in the Northeast and Southeast with a national average of $2.48. May butter production totaled 163 million pounds, according to USDA’s latest Dairy Products report, down 3.8 percent from April but 4.8 percent above May 2011. Nonfat dry milk output hit 195 million pounds, up 1.7 percent from April and 31.4 percent above a year ago. American type cheese output, at 376 million pounds, was up 1.1 percent from April and just 0.9 percent above a year ago. Total cheese production hit 916 million pounds, up 1.4 percent from April and just 0.4

percent above a year ago. The Daily Dairy Report says declining cheese production is likely to limit downside risk in the domestic cheese market. Cash nonfat dry milk was unchanged, with

Grade A remaining at $1.2275 and Extra Grade at $1.1950. AMS powder averaged $1.0977, down 1.1 cent. Dry whey averaged 48.68 cents, also down 1.1 cent. Milk production across

the country is being impacted by an array of factors ranging from nearly perfect conditions, tropical storm Debbie, too much moisture, not

Mielke 19

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ANNAPOLIS, MD — The Maryland Department of Agriculture (MDA) has detected the invasive, highly destructive emerald ash borer (EAB) beetle in Montgomery County — the seventh county in the state to have a positive identification of the pest. Last summer, MDA concluded that the pest was likely present throughout the western shore and imposed a quarantine on all 14 counties west of the Chesapeake Bay and Susquehanna River, making it illegal to move ash products to the Eastern Shore. MDA reminds residents and businesses that it remains illegal for anyone to move regulated EAB material to the Eastern Shore. Those materials include: all ash wood with the bark and sapwood remaining, ash nursery stock, all hardwood firewood, and hardwood chips larger than 1 inch in two dimensions. Historically, the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) has treated EAB quarantine areas (also called “regulatory areas”) in different states as individual quarantines, even if the adjoining states were also quarantined. Moving ash products from one area to the next required a federal permit. APHIS, however, has issued a Federal Order (or policy change), effective July 1, that treats contiguous quarantine areas as a single quarantine area, even if it crosses state borders. This change in policy allows companies and people to move ash materials within the quarantine area, including across state

lines, as long as the entire trip, from start to finish, remains within a contiguous federal quarantine boundary. If, at any point, the trip leaves a quarantine area, the shipment will need a permit. A map of the expanded quarantine area can be found at nt_pest_info/emerald_ash_b/downloads/eab_quarantine_map.pdf Moving ash materials from a quarantined area to a location outside the quarantine area, like the Eastern Shore, may only be done with a properly issued federal certificate or limited permit. “The ash tree is one of the most important urban trees in Maryland and an important woodland tree in the Chesapeake Bay watershed,” said Agriculture Secretary Buddy Hance. “The emerald ash borer is destroying these trees all across the state. This new federal quarantine will make it easier for those in the nursery industry — our second largest agriculture sector — to move within the quarantine area more freely while still protecting those areas, like the Eastern Shore, that, as far as we can tell, are still free of the pest.” Entomologists with MDA and USDA positively identified the pest in Charles, Prince George’s, Howard, Anne Arundel, Washington and Allegany counties before finding it in Montgomery County in June. The state quarantine is designed to protect the Eastern Shore ash trees from becoming infested. MDA works closely with APHIS to

manage the invasive EAB using the best science and tools available, with emphasis on activities that are most effective in stopping/slowing the spread of EAB to new areas. APHIS is modifying its policy to focus its regulatory efforts on the perimeter of quarantined areas. In Maryland those areas include the nine Eastern Shore counties, as well as St. Mary’s, Calvert, Anne Arundel, and Harford counties. This will allow for the best use of available resources and reduce the complexity of the requirements for affected stakeholders. EAB is an invasive wood-boring beetle, native to China and eastern Asia, which targets ash trees. EAB probably arrived in North America hidden in wood packing materials commonly used to ship consumer and other goods. It was first detected in the United States in July 2002 and has since been found in 15 states. It arrived in Maryland in 2003. Everyday human activities can facilitate the spread of EAB and expand the extent and range of the infestation in North America. For this reason, MDA continues to encourage homeowners, campers, vacationers, and outdoor enthusiasts not to move firewood. The movement of untreated wood products made of ash has been found to advance the spread of EAB, which has been responsible for the death and decline of tens of millions of ash trees in the United States. In May, Governor Martin O’Malley

declared May 20-26 EAB Awareness Week while MDA began releasing biocontrol agents in Anne Arundel, Charles, Howard, Prince George’s, Washington and Allegany counties to help kill the invasive pest. For more information, see: www.mda.state. USDA Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) designated April “Invasive Plant, Pest and Disease Awareness Month — the same month MDA began hanging EAB traps, which are used to track the movement of the invasive pest. For more information, see us/article.php?i=38651. For information about EAB in Maryland, see For more information on APHIS’s EAB program, see

milk powder. Back on the home front and always a concern to dairy producers are feed prices. Much of the recent strength in corn has been associated with very hot dry conditions in the central and eastern Corn Belt, with indications that yield prospects have been reduced substantially in those areas, according to Darrel Good, University of Illinois ag economist and reported by DPW. As the market continues to try to determine production prospects, it’s also assessing the likely strength of demand. Corn exports continue to lag the pace needed to reach previous USDA projections. Ethanol production is now slowing, as the combination of lower gasoline prices and higher corn prices has squeezed margins. Due to an early spring, and early harvest (pre Sept. 1) will skew domestic use figures. The dilemma is it is far from clear how much corn will be available next year, warns DPW. Based on recent and upcoming weather, there is considerable risk that the yield will be below forecast levels. If so, even higher prices are possible. In dairy politics; the House of Representatives Thursday made available its Discussion Draft of the 2012 Farm Bill. As expected, the dairy title contains provisions of the Dairy Security Act, authored by Rep. Peterson (D-MN) and based on National Milk’s “Foundation for the Future program.” Processors continue to oppose its supply management provisions and, in

a press release this week stated that the stabilization program is “designed to limit milk supplies and to periodically raise milk prices. It will reduce dairy farmers’ incomes at the same time that a new subsidized revenue insurance plan enhances their incomes. Taxpayer organizations, consumer groups, dairy food manufacturers, and many dairy producers, including the second largest dairy coop in the country, have all spoken out against supply management programs.” The International Dairy Foods Association urged the committee to “provide revenue or margin insurance for dairy farmers without also mandating that they participate in a program that will impose government control over the supply and demand for milk. National Milk praised the Farm Bill Draft and said “The bill reflects the best-possible outcome for America’s dairy farmer community, which is in great need of a better federal safety net than what we have now.” The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved the growth hormone rBST (bovine somatotrophin) for use in 1994. Six years after adoption, approximately 18.3 percent of the U.S. dairy herd was treated with rBST, according to USDA survey data and reported in the June 29 issue of the Daily Dairy Report. Since then, the percent of U.S. dairy cows treated with rBST has fallen from 15.5 percent in 2005 to 8.8 percent in 2010. USDA tracks rBST use along with milking frequency and

organic milk production as part of the periodic Agricultural Resource Management Survey (ARMS). The 2010 ARMS data provided rBST use by herd size and state. While rBST is used on farms of various sizes, it is not used in every state. For example, 2 percent of the cows in herds with less than 50 cows were treated with rBST. However, it might be more surprising to learn that the greatest use of rBST at 21.9 percent occurred on dairies with 500 to 999 cows, while just 6.8 percent of cows in herds of more than 1,000 received rBST. Kansas had the most prevalent use of rBST in 2010 with 31percent of the state’s herd treated followed by Wisconsin with 21.5 percent. However, Pennsylvania ranked third in rBST use with 20.4 percent of the state’s herd treated. Minnesota was fourth in use and New York was fifth, with 18.6 percent and 13.4 percent of the cows treated, respectively. Iowa roundedout the states with double-digit rBST use at 13.3 percent. California, the largest milk-producing state, reported that 5 percent of its herd received rBST in 2010. States that reported no use of rBST include: Florida, Georgia, Indiana, Maine, Michigan, Oregon, Tennessee, Virginia, and Washington. Analyst and Editor, Mary Ledman, discusses the study in the “Daily Dairy Discussion audio file at

Mielke from 18 enough moisture, and hot, record setting, temperatures. All of these factors have occurred in various areas from coast to coast at varying rates during the past week causing milk production to be irregular for all Class needs. I got a personal reminder of how hot it can get in the Midwest, making a quick trip to Wisconsin to visit family this week. Temperatures topping 100 sent me packing for my cooler and greener home in the Pacific Northwest. Cooperatives Working Together (CWT) accepted 14 requests for export assistance this week to sell a total of 2.2 million pounds of cheese to customers in Asia-Pacific, North Africa, Central America and the Middle East. The product will be delivered through October and brings CWT’s 2012 cheese exports to 66.3 million pounds, plus 45.2 million pounds of butter and anhydrous milk fat. Speaking of the world dairy market, FC Stone’s July 3 eDairy Insider Closing Bell reports that GlobalDairyTrade (GDT) prices dropped this week, with the trade-weighted average for all products and contract periods down 5.9 percent. Anhydrous milk fat led the declines, down 10.4 percent across all contracts, and skim milk powder prices dropped an average 9.8 percent. Average prices fell 4.1 percent for whole milk powder, 4.5 percent for rennet casein, 3.8 percent for lactose, 3.6 percent for milk protein concentrate, and 0.7 percent each for cheddar cheese and butter


Emerald Ash Borer discovered in Montgomery County


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HAGERSTOWN, MD FEEDER CATTLE: Feeder Steers: Plain 400-500# 80; Feeder Heifers: Plain475-580# 80-94 Feeder Bulls: BWF 486# 113. MT. AIRY NC FEEDER CATTLE: 493 Feeder Steers: M&L 1-2 383-383# 145; 458-460# 158; 525-547# 140-142; S 12 265-285# 121-129; 323323# full 99; 355-390# 111141; 365-390# yearlings 107-113; M&L 3 255-290# 113-138; Hols. L 3 350-365# 101-103; 473-495# 97-108; Feeder Heifers: M&L 1-2 352-390# 153-157; 410446# 126-142; 450-485# 139-144; 525-547# 133-135; 600-630# 121-126; 658658# 127; 724-740# 104105; M&L 3 355-365# 110139; 420-420# 98-110; Feeder Bulls: M&L 1-2 400-430# 115-123; 453485# 120-132; 505-534# 124-128.50; 558-563# 120145; 630-632# 114-121.50; 705-730# 94.50-105; 758758# 94.50; S 1-2 420-448# 100-118; 465-495# 101-120; 505-535# 87-109; 555-580# 90-120; 550-590# fleshy 8894; 585-590# full 86-90; 641-641# fleshy 80; 700728# 88-96; M&L 3 455460# 97-100; 720-735# 8597; 800-815# 96-103; Bred Cows: M&L middle aged 975-1040# 820875/head 4-6 months bred SILER CITY, NC FEEDER CATTLE: 766 Feeder Steers: M&L 1-2 150-195# 162-187.50; 210245# 170-190; 250-265# 175-180; 300-345# 150196; 355-395# 147-177; 400-440# 130-164; 460485# 145-153; 515-545# 135-148; 555-585# 143146; 600-645# 125-144; 665-695# 124-132; 710736# 126-128; 825-835# 118-119; S 1-2 215-247# 125-148; 250-265# 106107.50; 310-315# 116-134; 360-392# 110-135; 410440# 112-124; 490# 123; 512# 108; 598# 124. Feeder Heifers: M&L 1-2 150-160# 160-167.50; 210225# 132.50-160; 255-285# 150-164; 305-345# 150-167; 355-395# 140-166; 400445# 130-163; 450-495# 130-150; 500-545# 120-152; 550-595# 120-146; 605635# 120-135; 650-685# 115-128; 705-745# 100-117; 760-790# 110-118; 892# 110; S1-2 305-345# 120130; 350-375# 114-133;

410-440# 102-120; 465470# 113-121; 525-535# 115-117; 555-590# 100-118; 605-645# 101-117; 655685# 95-106. Feeder Bulls: M&L 1-2 450-495# 130-159; 500545# 120-149; 550-595# 120-146; 600-645# 110125; 650-690# 115-135; 700-747# 110-120; 755790# 100-114; 810-825# 105-111; S 1-2 450-490# 110-128; 505-540# 101-118; 550-590# 100-118; 610630# 100-104; 665-695# 100-110; 810-840# 94-100; 865-895# 90-95. BLACKSTONE, VA FEEDER CATTLE: 172 Feeder Steers: M&L 1 400-500# 148; 500-600# 138.50; 600-700# 129.50; 700-800# 124; M&L 2 400500# 149.50; 500-600# 140143; 600-700# 127; 700800# 120; 800-900# 116; 900-1000# 117; M&L 3 300400# 137; 400-500# 138; 500-600# 132-134; 600700# 118; S 1 400-500# 135; 500-600# 120; Feeder Heifers: M&L 1 400-500# 108; 500-600# 121-126.50; 600-700# 119120.25; M&L 2 300-400# 134; 400-500# 126-148 mostly 148; 500-600# 136138; 600-700# 124; M&L 3 300-400# 118; 400-500# 139; 500-600# 124; S 1 300400# 116; 400-500# 115120; 500-600# 118; 600700# 119; Feeder Bulls: M&L 1 400-500# 134-136; 600700# 110; M&L 2 300-400# 149; 400-500# 133.50-138; 500-600# 116; 600-700# 110; S 1 400-500# 109-110; N VA FEEDER CATTLE: 899 Feeder Steers: M&L 1 300-400# 169; 400-500# 1.56-150; 500-600# 141150; 600-700# 132..50-149; 800-900# 127.50-128.50; M&L 2 300-400# 136; 400500# 124-141; 500-600# 124-136; 600-700# 133; 700-800# 132-138; 800900# 123.50; Feeder Holstein Steers:L 2-3 400-500# 97; 500-600# 84-101; 600-700# 98; 700-800# 94; 800-900# 80-81; 900-1000# 83; 10001100# 84.50; 1100+ 87.25; Feeder Heifers: M&L 1 300-400# 131-135.50; 400500# 118-142; 500-600# 126-137; 600-700# 124139.50; 700-800# 120-130; M&L 2 300-400# 117; 400500# 116-124; 500-600# 115-125; 600-700# 121; 700-800# 107-110; 800900# 108; Feeder Bulls: M&L 1

200-300# 165; 300-400# 166; 400-500# 123-144; 500-600# 131-155; 600700# 110-120; 700-800# 103;M&L 2 300-400# 121138; 400-500# 117-129; 500-600# 119-120; 600700# 105; 700-800# 104107.50; S 1 400-500# 101; SW VA FEEDER CATTLE: 462 Feeder Steers: M&L 1 200-300# 170-180; 300400# 165-170; 400-500# 138-165; 500-600# 138-155; 600-700# 139-149; 700800# 130-142; 800-900# 124-134; 1000-1100# 92; M&L 2 200-300# 151-173; 300-400# 134-157; 400500# 135.50-173; 500-600# 135.50-150; 600-700# 132143; 700-800# 134.50-138; 800-900# 120; 900-1000# 112; S 1 400-500# 110-159; 500-600# 150.50; 600-700# 146; 700-800# 125; Feeder Holstein Steers: L 2-3 200-300# 200-300# 130; 300-400# 80-129; 400500# 110; 500-600# 94-122; 600-700# 75; 800-900# 75; 900-1000# 80; Feeder Heifers: M&L 1 200-300# 138-179; 300400# 140-150; 400-500# 135-144; 500-600# 130-139; 600-700# 125-130.50; 700800# 118-127; M&L 2 200300# 139-143; 300-400# 134-150; 400-500# 120-145; 500-600# 127-137; 600700# 128; 700-800# 123124; 800-900# 98-100; M&L 3 400-500# 115-134; 500600# 120; Feeder Bulls: M&L 1 200-300# 150-151; 300400# 135-147; 400-500# 131.50-149; 500-600# 131.50-143; 600-700# 122133.50; 700-800# 121-124; M&L 2 200-300# 146-152; 300-400# 126-140; 400500# 123-135; 500-600# 130-141; 600-700# 116-143; 700-800# 100-121; M&L 3 300-400# 114-122; 400500# 114-118; 500-600# 108-121; 600-700# 93-94; S 1 400-500# 120-121; 500600# 124; 600-700# 118; FREDERICKSBURG, VA FEEDER CATTLE: 28 Feeder Steers: M&L 1 500-600# 140-149. Feeder Heifers: M&L 1 400-500# 142; M&L 2 600700# 133-135. Feeder Bulls: M&L 1 400-500# 150-160; 500600# 150-154; M&L 2 500600# 150. FRONT ROYAL, VA FEEDER CATTLE: No report. HOLLINS, VA

FEEDER CATTLE: 178. Feeder Steers: M&L 1 300-400# 156-161; 500600# 135.50-137; 600-700# 133-134.50; 700-800# 132134; M&L 2 400-500# 139; 500-600# 127-133; 600700# 120; Feeder Holstein Steers: L 2-3 400-500# 130; 500600# 125.50; Feeder Heifers: M&L 1 300-400# 146; 400-500# 125-128; 500-600# 122-124; 600-700# 118-122.50; 700800# 108; M&L 2 300-400# 143; 500-600# 119.50120.50; 600-700# 119119.50; 700-800# 111; Feeder Bulls: M&L 1 300-400# 171; 400-500# 128; 500-600# 116.50; 600700# 114; 700-800# 109; LYNCHBURG, VA FEEDER CATTLE: 760 Feeder Steers: M&L 1 300-400# 178; 400-500# 155; 500-600# 130-149; 600-700# 133-141.25; 700800# 123; M&L 2 300-400# 178; 400-500# 139-151; 500-600# 129.50-141; 600700# 133-140; 700-800# 123; M&L 3 300-400# 172; 400-500# 123-131; 500600# 128-132.50; 600-700# 120-125; S 1 300-400# 169; 400-500# 137.50; 500-600# 129; 600-700# 121; 700800# 115; Feeder Heifers: M&L 1 300-400# 162.50-165; 400500# 144-146.50; 500-600# 124-125.25; 600-700# 120120.50; 700-800# 115; M&L 2 300-400# 163; 400-500# 147-149.25; 500-600# 124.25-125.75; 600-700# 125-128; 700-800# 108; M&L 3 300-400# 158162.25; 400-500# 141145.50; 500-600# 120123.75; 600-700# 121124.50; 700-800# 102; S 1 300-400# 154; 400-500# 144; 500-600# 122.50; 600700# 100; Feeder Bulls: M&L 1 400-500# 148-172.50, mostly 148; 500-600# 114-136, mostly 121; 600-700# 114; M&L 2 00-400# 177; 400500# 149.50-179.50, mostly 179.50; 500-600# 124.25144.50, mostly 124.25; 600700# 118; S 1 300-400# 170; 400-500# 131-168; 500-600# 116 MARSHALL, VA FEEDER CATTLE: Feeder Steers: Feeder Heifers: M&L 1 400-500# 143; M&L 2 127.50-134.50; S 400-500# 135.50; Feeder Bulls: M&L 1 300-400# 159-170; 500600# 129-136; 600-700# 124-128;

NARROWS, VA FEEDER CATTLE: No report. ROCKINGHAM, VA FEEDER CATTLE: 42. Feeder Steers: M&L 2 400-500# 158; Feeder Holstein Steers: No Report Feeder Heifers: M&L 1 200-300# 140-145; 300400# 122-147; M&L2 400500# 132; Feeder Bulls: M&L 1 500-600# 146; STAUNTON, VA FEEDER CATTLE: 107. Feeder Steers: M&L 1 400-500# 156; 500-600# 145-150; 600-700# 132.50149; Hols. L 2-3 500-600# 101; 600-700# 98; 700-800# 94; 800-900# 80-81; 10001100# 84.50; Feeder Heifers: M&L 1 400-500# 135.50-142; 500600# 131; 600-700# 124; M&L 2 500-600# 115-121; Feeder Bulls: M&L 1 400500# 123-127; 600-700# 110-119; 700-800# 103; M&L 2 600-700# 105; S 1 400-500# 101; TRI-STATE, VA FEEDER CATTLE: 288 Feeder Steers: M&L 1 200-300# 154; 300-400# 145; 400-500# 130.50-134; 500-600# 136-143; 600700# 142.50; 700-800# 143.50; 800-900# 129.50; M&L 2 200-300# 144-153; 400-500# 116-120; 500600# 126-155.50; 600-700# 124-128; 700-800# 129; 800-900# 110-115; M&L 3 500-600# 123; Feeder Heifers: M&L 1 200-300# 154; 300-400# 134-138; 400-500# 130134.50; 500-600# 132-136; 600-700# 128-138; 800900# 110; M&L 2 200-300# 148; 300-400# 120-130; 400-500# 131-137; 500600# 132-133; 600-700# 110-130; M&L 3 400-500# 126; Feeder Bulls: M&L 1 200-300# 149; 300-400# 135; 400-500# 129-136; 500-600# 124-134.50; 600700# 115-128; 700-800# 109-115; M&L 2 300-400# 123; 400-500# 120-130; 500-600# 120-126; 600700# 104-106; 700-800# 98100; M&L 3 500-600# 110; S 1 500-600# 110; 600-700# 94; WINCHESTER, VA FEEDER CATTLE: 394 Feeder Steers: M&L 1 300-400# 160; 400-500# 146-152; 500-600# 150; 600-700# 141-145; 800900# 127; 900-1000# 119.50;M&L 2 500-600#

135; 600-700# 136-139; 800-900# 120.50; Feeder Heifers: M&L 1 200-300# 130-145; 300400# 141-145; 400-500# 140.50; 500-600# 126135.75; M&L 2 400-500# 131; 500-600# 135; 600700# 129-139; S 1 300400# 116; Feeder Bulls: M&L 1 300-400# 153-160; 400500# 141-158; 500-600# 135-148; 700-800# 120-123; M&L 2 300-400# 136-146; 400-500# 126-137; 500600# 127-130; 700-800# 105; WYTHE COUNTY, VA FEEDER CATTLE: 82 Feeder Steers: M&L 1 300-400# 173; 400-500# 160-172; 500-600# 140-149; 600-700# 140-149.50; 600700# 131; 700-800# 122124; 800-900# 114; 9001000# 101; 1000-1100# 96; M&L 2 400-500# 171; 500600# 150; 600-700# 130; 700-800# 118; Feeder Heifers: M&L 1 400-500# 142; 500-600# 132.50; 600-700# 127-129; 800-900# 106.50; M&L 2 300-400# 155; 400-500# 142; 500-600# 120-132.50; 600-700# 126-128; Feeder Bulls: No Report SLAUGHTER CATTLE HAGERSTOWN, MD SLAUGHTER CATTLE: Slaughter Cows: Breakers, 78-85; lo dress 73-77, 75-82; Boners, Lean 66-72; Thin & light 66 down. Slaughter Bulls:No Report. Fed Steers:Hi Ch. 1360# 115; Lo. Ch. 1140-1400# 111-112; Ret. to feed 12001300# 100-109; Fed Heifers: Hi Ch 1484# 114; Dairy Culls 91 Calves: Hols. Bull Ret. to Farm No. 1 95-120# 110125; 85-94# 100-110; No. 2 95-120# 90-110; 80-94# 7995; No. 3 76# 100; Hols. Hfrs. 92# 150; #1 70-98# 125-165; GD 80-100# 6075; Thin & Rough 50 down. Butcher Hogs: No Report SILER CITY, NC SLAUGHTER CATTLE: Slaughter Cows: Slaughter Cows: Breaker 70-80% lean 1415-1790# 85.50-93; 1435-1670# hi dress 94-99; Boner 80-85 % lean 855-890# 83-86; 9251210# 80-89.50; 10051360# hi dress 91-99; 9151360# lo dress 71-79; Lean 85-90% lean 610-750# lo dress 53-65; 825-1180# lo dress 59-69.

Slaughter Bulls: YG 1-2 1510-2115# 100-110; 17701880# hi dress 110.50-118. Cows/Calf Pairs: 1. M 12 975# middle age cows w/80# calves 925/pr. Baby Calves, per head: Holsteins 65-120. MT. AIRY SLAUGHTER CATTLE: Slaughter Cows: Breaker 70-80% Lean 975-1390# 79-88; 1005-1270# lo dress 59-77.50; 1400-1900# 84.50-87.50; Boner 80-85% Lean 805-835# 84.50-89.50; 915-1385# 77-89.50; 9151370# hi dress 90-97.50; 1410-1895# 77-89; Lean 8590% Lean 1070-1375# 7781.50; 840-1275# lo dress 67-73.50; Slaughter Bulls: YG 1-2 1100-1360# 93-103.50; 1665-2065# 90-103.50; 1580-1925# hi dress 107.50-110; Cows/Calf Pairs: S 1 & 2 665-700# middle aged cows w/135-190# calves 825850/pair; M 1-2 825# middle age cows with 125 calves 1100/pair; L 1-2 1160# middle age cows w/460# calves 1400/pair. SW VA SLAUGHTER CATTLE: 305 Slaughter Cows: Breaker 75-80% lean 850-1200# 7086; 1200-1600# 78-90; HY 1200-1600# 90-97; Boner 80-85% lean 800-1200# 73.50-83; 1200-2000# 7488; HY 1200-2000# 87.5092.50; Lean 85-90% lean 750-850# 42-74.50; 8501200# 60-79.50. Slaughter Bulls: YG 1-2 1000-1500# 87-104.50; 1500-2500# 102-117; HY 1000-1500# 99; 1500-2500# 105; Cows Ret. to Farm: L 1, 5yrs. old 1020-1125# 8751000/hd; M&L 1 5 yrs old 1220# 1125/hd; Cows w/Calves at side: M&L 1 5yrs old with 150# calf 1150# 1225/pair. Holstein Bulls: 70-100# 50-110/head; 100-130# 135190. N VA SLAUGHTER CATTLE: 311. Slaughter Steers: Ch 23 1100-1300# 106-115.75; 1300-1500# 109-114; 1500+# 106.50-110; Sel 2-3 1100-1300# 105; 13001500# 99.50-106.50; Hols. Ch 2-3 1100-1300# 96.50103.50; 1300-1500# 99.50102.50; Hols. Sel 2-3 11001300# 98; 1300-1500# 94.50-99; Hfrs. Ch. 2-3 9001000# 102.50; 1000-1200# 109-114.50; 1200-1300# 96.50-114.75; 1300-1500# 107-111;

Slaughter Cows: Breaker 75-80% lean 850-1200# 6982; 1200-1600# 73-87.25; HY 1200-1600# 85-95; Boner 80-85% lean 800-1200# 68-87.50; 1200-2000# 70.50-85; HY 1200-2000# 83-90.50; Lean 85-90% lean 750-850# 65-77; 850-1200# 58.50-79. Slaughter Bulls: YG 1-2 1000-1500# 92-107; 15002500# 97.50-113.25;HY 1000-1500# 96.50-97.50; Cows Ret. to Farm: 21. M&L 1 few 2 3-10yrs. old bred 2-8mo. 895-1375# 6851160/head. Cows w/Calves at Side: 17. M&L few 2 3-12yrs. old w/80-260# calves 8401410# 800-1485/pair. Calves Ret. to Farm: Hols. Bulls 70-100# 10170/head; 100-130# 77.50160; BLACKSTONE, VA SLAUGHTER CATTLE: 44. Slaughter Cows: Breaker 75-80% lean 850-1200# 7883; 1200-1600# 83.50-86; HY 1200-1600# 82-92; Boner 80-85% lean 800-1200# 83-89.50; 1200-2000# 7489; Lean 85-90% lean 750850# 58-73; 850-1200# 6474; . Slaughter Bulls: YG 1-2 1000-1500# 88.50; 15002500# 84-104. FREDERICKSBURG, VA SLAUGHTER CATTLE: 70 Slaughter Cows: Steers Ch 2-3 1100-1300# 105116.25; 1300-1500# 110.25118.25; Hfrs Ch 2-3 10001200# 113.75-116; 12001400# 114.50-117. FRONT ROYAL, VA SLAUGHTER CATTLE: 12. Slaughter Steers: Ch 2-3 1000-1200# 112; 13001500# 120.50-124.75; 15001850# 122.75; Slaughter Heifers: Ch 23 1000-1200# 108; 12001400# 120-126.75; 14001600# 118.50; HOLLINS, VA SLAUGHTER CATTLE: 35. Slaughter Cows: Breaker 75-80% lean 1200-1600# 79-84; HY 1200-1600# 87.50-88; Boner 80-85% lean 800-1200# 75-80.50; 1200-2000# 77-81; Lean 8590% lean 750-850# 64; 850-1200# 63-72.50 Slaughter Bulls: YG 1-2 1500-2500# 88-91; HY 1500-2500# 99 LYNCHBURG, VA SLAUGHTER CATTLE: 228. Slaughter Cows: Breaker 75-80% lean 850-1200# 73-

84; 1200-1600# 70-92; HY 1200-1600# 93-109; Boner 80-85% lean 800-1200# 73.50-79.50; 1200-2000# 53-79; HY 1200-2000# 7982; Lean 85-90% lean 750850# 51-61; 850-1200# 5568; Slaughter Bulls: YG 1-2 1000-1500# 87-106; 15002500# 93.50-101.50; HY 1500-2500# 102-107.50. MARSHALL, VA SLAUGHTER CATTLE: Slaughter Cows: Boner 80-85% Lean 800-1200# 57.50-83.50; 1200-2000# 80.25-81; Boner HY 12002000# 86.50-90; Lean 8590# Lean 850-1200# 7079.50 Slaughter Bulls: YG 1-2 1500-2500# 93-105. Calves Ret. to Farm: Hols. Bulls 70-100# 1050/hd; 100-130# 60-70; ROCKINGHAM, VA SLAUGHTER CATTLE: 99. Slaughter Cows: Breaker 75-80% Lean 850-1200# 69-82; 1200-1600# 73-84; HY 1200-1600# 85-86; Boner 80-85% Lean 800-1200# 70-81; 1200-2000# 74-82; HY 1200-2000# 83-84.50; Lean 85-90% Lean 750850# 65-77; 850-1200# 6879; Slaughter Bulls: YG 12 1000-1500# 92-106.50 Calves Ret. to farm: Hols. Bulls 70-100# 10117.50; 100-130# 147. STAUNTON, VA SLAUGHTER CATTLE: 67. Slaughter Cows: Breaker 75-80% lean 850-1200# 7182; 1200-1600# 76.5085.50; HY 1200-1600# 86; Boner 80-85% lean 8001200# 75-81; 1200-2000# 74-83; HY 1200-2000# 8385; Lean 85-90% lean 8501200# 68-77. Slaughter Bulls: HY 1000-1500# 96.50-97.50 TRI-STATE, VA SLAUGHTER CATTLE: 131. Slaughter Cows: Breaker 75-80% lean 850-1200# 7884.50; 1200-1600# 8189.50; HY 1200-1600# 95; Boner 80-85% lean 8001200# 70-81.50; 12002000# 80-88; HY 12002000# 90.50-91.50; Lean 85-90% Lean 750-850# 50; 850-1200# 61-68. Slaughter Bulls: YG 1-2 1000-1500# 109-111; 15002500# 105-116. WINCHESTER, VA SLAUGHTER CATTLE: 57.

Slaughter Cows: Breaker 75-80% Lean 850-1200# 73.50-82.50; 1200-1600# 74.50-84; Boner 80-85% Lean 800-1200# 73-81; 1200-2000# 75-81; HY 1200-2000# 83-85; Lean 85-90% Lean 750-850# 6063.50; 850-1200# 64.50-74. Slaughter Steers: No Report Slaughter Bulls: YG 1-2 1000-1500# 89; 1500-2500# 94-98; HY 1500-2500# 106; Cows Ret. to Farm: 21. M&L 1, few 2, 5 yrs old to aged, bred 2-6 mos. 9651170# 875-1125/hd. Cows w/Calves at Side: 17. M&L 1, few 2, w/100300# calves 905-1090# 1030-1250/pair WYTHE CO SLAUGHTER CATTLE: 82. Slaughter Cows: Breaker 75-80% lean 850-1200# 7687; 1200-1600# 78.50-88;Hi Yield 1200-1600# 89.5095.50; Boner 80-85% lean 800-1200# 73-79.50; 12002000# 82-90; Lean 85-90% lean 850-1200# 70-73. Slaughter Bulls: YG 1-2 1000-1500# 96.50-103.50; 1500-2500# 108-111. Cows Ret, to Farm: No Report. HOG REPORT HAGERSTOWN, MD PIGS Pigs & Shoats (/hd): 35. 50-60# 55-68; 60-70# 65-72; 1 lot 74# at 75; few 96# at 92; (/#) 100-160# 94-101; 180-190# 89-91. Butcher Hogs: 1-3 240300# 62-64.25; No. 2-3 215290# 58-61; 300-330# 61.50-63; few 200-210# 6768.25. Sows: 350-550# 53-56. Boars: 600#at 24.25. NC SOWS: 300-399# 39.10-51; 400-449# 39.1052; 450-499# Prices not reported due to confidentiality; 500-549# 42-58.34; 550# & up Prices not reported due to confidentiality.

HOGS: No report. S VA HOGS: 2. Barrows & Gilts: US 1-3 190-210# 56; 210-230# 50. STAUNTON, VA HOGS: No report. WINCHESTER, VA HOGS: No report. WYTHE CO, VA HOGS: Barrows & Gilts: US 1-3 190-210# 56; 210-230# 50.

LAMB & GOAT MARKET N VA SHEEP: 81. Slaughter Lambs: Spring, Wooled, Ch & Pr 60-80# 117-124.50; 80-110# 126.50-150;Spring Wooled Good & Ch. 1-3 30-60# 120130; 60-90# 128-136.50; Slaughter Rams: Ch 2-4 57; Gd. 2-4 62-84; S VA SHEEP: 11. Feeder Lambs: Wooled, M&L 1-2 40-60# 168; 6090# 169; Wooled, S&M 1-2 90-110# 105. Slaughter Ewes: Ch 2-4 70 HAGERSTOWN, MD LAMBS: Gd Ch 90-120# 167-170; 40-85# 175-185; Sheep Ewes 120-170# 72-80; 200# 62-70. HAGERSTOWN, MD GOATS: No report. N VA GOATS: 40. Kids: Sel 1-2 20-40# 150; 40-60# 160-170; 6080# 120-160; Bucks: No Report Does: Sel 1-2 70-100# 126-159; 100-150# 84 MT. AIRY SHEEP: Slaughter Lambs: No Report.


MT. AIRY GOATS: Slaughter and Replacement Classes: Kids: Sel 1 20-40# 62.50-67.50; Sel. 220-40# 40-50, 40-60# 3557.50, 60-80# 60-75; Does/Nannies Sel 2 100140# 50-70;

HOLLINS, VA HOGS: No report.


MARSHALL, VA HOGS: Barrows & Gilts: US 1-3 270-300# 65-66. N VA HOGS: Barrows & Gilts: US 1-3 270-300# 65-66.


FREDERICKSBURG, VA GOATS: No report. HOLLINS, VA SHEEP/GOATS: 22. Feeder Lambs: Wooled M&L 1-2 40-60# 168; 6090# 169; Wooled S&M 1-2 90-110# 105. Slaughter Rams/Ewes:

Ewes Ch 2-4 70. MARSHALL, VA SHEEP: No report. MARSHALL, VA GOATS: Slaughter Does: Sel. No. 1-2 100-150# 320/hd. ROCKINGHAM, VA GOATS: ROCKINGHAM, VA SHEEP: 120 Slaughter Lambs: Spring, Wooled Ch & Pr 80110# 115-131; Spring, Wooled Gd & Ch 1-3 30-60# 129-135; 60-90# 121-136. Slaughter Rams/Ewes: Ewes Ch 2-4 41-46.50; Gd 2-4 41; Util 1-3 55. SHENANDOAH SHEEP: Slaughter Lambs: Spring, Wooled Ch & Pr 6080# 117-124.50; 80-110# 126.50-150; Slaughter Lambs: Spring, Wooled Gd & Ch 1-3 30-60# 120-126; 60-90# 128-136.50; Slaughter Rams/Ewes: Ewes Ch 2-4 57; Gd. 2-4, 62. SILER CITY, NC GOATS: 119. Slaughter and Replacement Classes: Kids: Sel 1 under 20# 35-45; 20-40# 5060; 40-60# 65-72.50; 60-80# 85-90; Sel 2 20-40# 4047.50. Yearlings: Sel 1 60-80# 95-110; 80-100# 120-200. Does/Nannies: Sel 1 5070# 100; 70-100# 110122.50; 100-140# 175. Wethers: Sel 1 100-150# 110-177.50. Bucks/Billies: Sel 1 100150# 142.50-170; 150-250# 192.50-220. SILER CITY, NC SHEEP: No report. STAUNTON, VA SHEEP: No report. STAUNTON, VA GOATS: No report. TRI-STATE, VA GOATS: No report. WINCHESTER, VA SHEEP: 18. Slaughter Lambs: Spring, Wooled Gd. Ch. 1-2 30-60# 135-143; 60-90# 135-171; 90-110# 135;; Slaughter Rams/Ewes: No Report Slaughter Rams: No Report WINCHESTER, VA GOATS: 23. Kids: Sel No. 1-220-40#




AUCTIONS 150; 40-60# 170-177; 6080# 162-185; No 3 40-60# 170; Bucks: No. 1-2 150-250# 100-113; Does: Sel 1-2 50-70# 110; 70-100# 126; WYTHE CO SHEEP: No report. WYTHE CO GOATS: No report. CASH GRAIN MARKET NC GRAIN US 2 Yellow Corn was 23¢ lower. Prices were 5.806.55, mostly 5.80-6.10 at the feed mills and 5.59-6.29, mostly 6.25 at the elevators. US 1 Yellow Soybeans were 9-13¢ lower. Prices were 14.13 at the processors, 14.03 at the feed mills and 13.43-13.78, mostly 13.78 at the elevators. US 2 Soft Red Winter Wheat was 3¢ lower. Prices were 5.606.19, mostly 6.14 at the elevators. Soybean Meal (f.o.b.) at the processing plants was 444.90/ton for 48% protein.

NC BROILERS & FRYERS The market is steady & the live supply is adequate to meet the moderate demand. Average weights are mostly heavy. NC EGGS: The market is steady on all sizes. Supplies are moderate. Retail demand is good. Weighted average prices for small lot sales of grade A eggs delivered to nearby retail outlets: XL 120.79, L 116.14, M 84.86 & S 78. NY EGGS Prices are steady on all sizes. Supplies range light to heavy on L&M, light on XL. The New York shell egg inventory is 1% less than a week ago. Retail demand is light to moderate. Distributive demand is moderate to good. Market activity is slow to mostly moderate. Prices to retailers, sales to volume buyers, USDA Grade A & Grade A white eggs in ctns, delivered to store door, cents per dz. XL 106-110, L 104-108, M 77-81. FARMERS MARKET

Feed Mills: Bladenboro 6.11, -----, ----; Candor 6.63, -----, 5.88; Cofield 6.18, -----, ----; Laurinburg 6.11, -----, ---; Monroe 6.38, -----, ----; Nashville 6.43, -----, ----; Roaring River 6.43, -----, ---; Rose Hill 6.11, -----, ----; Selma ----, -----, 5.88; Statesville 6.18, -----, 6.47; Warsaw 6.11, -----, ----; Pantego #2 5.87, -----, 5.37. Elevators: Cleveland ----, -----, ----; Belhaven ----, -----, ----; Chadbourn ----, -----, ---; Clement ----, -----, ----; Creswell 5.59, 13.53, 6.03; Elizabeth City 5.90, 13.78, 6.14; Greenville ----, -----, ---; Lumberton ----, -----, ----; Monroe ----, 13.77, 6.11; Norwood 6.25, 13.43, 5.60; Pantego ----, -----, ----; Register ----, -----, 6.14; Warsaw #2 6.29, -----, 6.19. Soybean Processors: Fayetteville, 14.13; Raleigh, 14.13. RUSHVILLE SEMIMONTHLY HAY AUCTION Prices/ton FOB unless otherwise noted. Delivery beyond 10 miles mostly 2.50 /mile. No report


NC STATE FARMERS MARKET Beans, Green (25# bx) 30; Beets (25# bg) 12.95; Greens (bu ctn) Collards 9, Turnips 11.55-12, Spinach (25# bx) 18; Peas, Crowder (bu bg) 12-20, Crowder (bu shelled) 24; Peas, Garden (25# bx) 20; Sweet Potatoes (40# bx) 14-20.05; Squash, Yellow Crookneck (1/2 bu) 15; Tomatoes, Greenhouse (25# bx) 25. Wholesale Dealer Price: Apples (tray-

pack ctn 100 count) WA Red Delicious 32.95-34.55, WA Golden Delicious 33-34.50, Granny Smith WA 34-36.50, Gala WA 32-36, WA Fuji 34.50-38, WA Pink Lady 3841.50; Asparagus (11# ctn) 32.95-34.35; Bananas (40# ctn) 21-23; Beans, Round Green (1-1/9 bu ctn) 22.1524, Pole (1-1/9 bu) 25-27; Beets (25# sack) 15.7521.15; Blueberries (flat 12 1pt cups) 24-34; Broccoli (ctn 14s) 19.15-20; Cabbage (50# ctn) 12.15-12.95; Cantaloupe (case 12 count) 22.15-32.15; Carrots (50# sack) 19.65-21.45; Cauliflower (ctn 12s) 19.0523.45; Cherries (16# bx) 48; Celery (ctn 30s) 29.5035.65; Cilantro (ctn 30s) 17.95-18.65; Citrus: Oranges CA (4/5 bu ctn) 26.1530.65, FL (4/5 bu ctn) 21-22; Pink Grapefruit CA (4/5 bu ctn) 28.65-33.15; Tangelos FL (80 count bx) 25-26.95; Lemons (40# ctn) 34-44.35; Limes (40# ctn) 22-27; Oranges CA Navel (4/5 bu ctn) 31.45-33.95, FL Navel (64 count) 23.55-26.15, Tangerines (120 count) 24; Corn, Yellow & White (ctn 4 ?-5 dz) 15-21.45; Cran-berries (24 12-oz pkg) 24.50; Cucumbers, Long Green (40# ctn) 23-25, Pickles (ctn 40#) 2630; Eggplant (25# ctn) 2024; Grapes, Red Seedless (18# ctn) 33-36, White Seedless 31-52, Black Seedless 28, Red Globe 28; Grapefruit (40# ctn) 28.65; Greens, Collard (bu ctn/loose 24s) 10, Kale (ctn/bunched 24s) 11.5514.15; Turnips, topped 11.85-14.65; Honey-dews (ctn 5s) 29; Kiwi (ctn 117s)

12.75; Lettuce, Iceberg, wrapped (ctn 24s) 26.5030.45, Greenleaf (ctn 24s) 24.50-25, Romaine (ctn 24s) 24.50-26; Nect-arines, Yellow/White Flesh (1/2 bu ctn) 24; Onions, Yellow (50# sack) Jumbo 16.45-20, White (25# sack) 18-19, Red (25# sack) 15-22.50, Green (ctn 24s) 14.35-19.65; Sweet Onions (40# ctn) 2425.75; Peach-es, Yellow/White Flesh (1/2 bu ctn) 20; Peanuts, Green (35# bg) 53-69; Pears, Bartlett (16# ctn) 34; Peppers, Bell Type Green (1-1/9 bu ctn) 22.95-25, Red (11# ctn) 32, Yellow (11# ctn) 32; Potatoes, Red Size A (50# ctn) 15-17.95, Red Size B 25-28, White size A 1826.15; Russet ID 21.8523.85; Radishes (30 6-oz film bgs) 12.95-15; Plums, Red (28# ctn) 27; Squash, Yellow Crookneck (3/4 bu ctn) 15-18.45, Zucchini (1/2 bu ctn) 14-16; Strawberries CA (flat 8 1-qt conts) 2026.45, NC (flat 8 1-qt conts) 17.95-20; Sweet Potatoes, Orange (40# ctn) 16-21.45, White (40# ctn) 20-20.75; Tomatoes, vine ripened XL (25# ctn) 18.55-20, Cherry (flat 12 1-pt conts) 18.5522.95, Roma (25# ctn) 1619, Grape (flat 12 1-pt conts) 19-21; Turnips, topped (25# film bg) 11.55-17.15; Watermelon (bin) 175-200. WESTERN NC FARMERS’ MARKET Apples (traypack ctn) Red Delicious 30-31.50, Golden Delicious 30-31.50, Granny Smith 30-34.50; Bananas (40# bx) 19.50-20; Beans (bu) Halfrunners 32-38,

Snaps 18.50-24; Broccoli (ctn) 15-18.75; Cabbage (50# ctn/crate) 12-14; Cantaloupes (ctn 9-12 count) 18.75-20; Cauliflower (ctn) 18-20; Citrus: Lemons (ctns 95 count) 31.50, (165 count) 32.50-34; Corn (crate) BiColor & White 14-15; Cucumbers (1-1/9 bu) Long Green 15.75-22, Pick-lers (1-1/9 bu crate) 27.50-30; Grapes (18# ctn) Red & White Seedless 35-49; Lettuce (ctn) Iceburg 21-22.75, Green Leaf 16-18.75, Romaine 18-21; Okra (1/2 bu) 24-26; Onions (50# bg) Yellow Jumbo 16-16.50, Vidalia 23-26, (25# bg) 15-16;

Peaches (1/2 bu basket) Clingstone 14-16; Bell Pepper (1-1/9 bu ctn) L & XL 1619.50; Potatoes, Irish (50# bg) White 15-26, Red 16-24, Russet 18-20; Squash (3/4 bu) #1 Yellow Crookneck 1618, (1/2 bu) Zucchini #1 1214; Straw-berries (4 qt cont) NC & SC 11-13; (8-1# conts) CA 21.50; Sweet Potatoes (40# bx) Red or Orange #2 12-15; Tomatoes, vine ripe (25# bx) XL & Larger 15-18, Green 17.50; Turnips (25# sack) 15; Watermelons (ea) 5.50-8, (bin 35/45 count) Seeded 160, Seedless 200. MARKET

To Have Your Auction Listed, See Your Sales Representative or Contact Dave Dornburgh at 518-673-0109 • Fax 518-673-2381 • e-mail: Monday, July 16 • 1 PM: Monthly sheep lamb goat & pig sale. 1 PM dairy followed by sheep, lamb, goats, pigs & feeders. Calves & cull beef approx. 5-5:30 PM. Tom & Brenda Hosking, 607-699-3637, 607847-8800, cell 607-972-1770 or 1771.

Tuesday, July 17 • 10 AM: Lee, NH. Ath-Mor Registered Holsteins complete dispersal 350 head sale. The Cattle Exchange 607-746-2226,

sell lambs, goats, pigs & feeders immediately following the dairy. Calves & cull beef approx. 5-5:30 Tom & Brenda Hosking, 607699-3637, 607-847-8800, cell 607-972-1770 or 1771.

Wednesday, July 25 • West Addison, VT. Bodette Farm Complete Equipment Dispersal. Sale Managers, Northeast Kingdom Sales, 802-525-4774,, Auctioneer Reg Lussier 802-626-8892. • 1 PM: Finger Lakes Livestock, 3 mi. E. of Canandaigua, NY on Rt. 5 & 20. Regular Livestock Sale. 585-394-1515.

Wednesday, July 18

Thursday, July 26

• 10 AM: Poultney, VT. Selling real estate, all livestock & farm and barn equipment, tools & misc. for Bill Lyle and Charlen Grobbens. Wright Auction Service, 802-334-6115. • 10:30 AM: Cherry Creek Market, 6732 Pickup Hill Rd., Cherry Creek, NY. Monthly Heifer Sale. Followed by our regular Wednesday sale at 1:30 pm. Empire Livestock Market, 716-296-5041 or 585-4473842, Sue Rudgers, Manager 716-2965041, Lonnie Kent, Auctioneer & Sales Manager 716-450-0558. • 1 PM: Finger Lakes Livestock, 3 mi. E. of Canandaigua, NY on Rt. 5 & 20. Regular Livestock Sale. 585-394-1515. • 3 PM: D.R. Chambers & Sons, 76 Maple Ave., Unadilla, NY. Dairy Day Special Feeder Sale. Every Wednesday following Dairy. D.R. Chambers & Sons, 607-369-8231

• 6 PM: County Highway Maintenance Facility, Geneseo, NY. Livingston County Tax Title Auction. Thomas P. Wamp/Pirrung Auctioneers, Inc., 585-728-2520

Friday, July 27 • 10 AM: Haverling Central High School, Bath, NY. Steuben County Tax Title Auction. Thomas P. Wamp/Pirrung Auctioneers, Inc., 585-728-2520

Saturday, July 28 • 9:30 AM: Martins Country Market. 3rd Annual Large Summer Equipment Auction. Hilltop Auction Company, Jay Martin 315521-3123, Elmer Zeiset 315-729-8030 • 10 AM: Finger Lakes Livestock, 3 mi. E. of Canandaigua, NY on Rt. 5 & 20. Saturday Horse Sales. Tack at 9 am, sale at 10 am. Finger Lakes Livestock, 585-394-1515

Thursday, July 19

Sunday, July 29

• 7 PM: Batavia, NY. Genesee County 4H Meat Animal Sale - Come support the local 4H youth by bidding on their 4H animals! See our website for more information. William Kent, Inc., 585-343-5449

• 10:00 AM: Washington Co. Fairgrounds, Rt. 29 & 392 Old Schuylerville Rd., Greenwich, NY. Tri-State Antique Tractor Club Inc. antique Wheels and Iron Showw. 1st time consignment auction. Selling antique & modern farm, construction, gas engine, signs, toys, literature and related items. Show: SatSun July 28-29. Dann Auctioneers, Delos Dann, 585-396-1676

Saturday, July 21 • Middleburgh, NY. Reflections of Maple Downs Sale. Hosted by Maple Downs Farm II. Held in conjunction with the NY Holstein Summer Picnic. The Cattle Exchange, 607746-2226, • Leyden, MA. Selling trucks, trailers, shop tools & farm equip. including pay loader and farm tractor for Zimmerman Livestock Trucking. Sale Managers, Northeast Kingdom Sales, 802-525-4774,, Auctioneer Reg Lussier 802-626-8892

Monday, July 23 • 12:30 PM: Hosking Sales, 6096 NYS Rt 8, New Berlin, NY (30 miles S. of Utica & 6 miles N of New Berlin). Misc. & small animals. 12:30 produce, 1 PM dairy. We now

Friday, August 3 • 11 AM: Lakeview Holsteins, 2456 Rt. 14, Penn Yan, NY. Selling complete dairies and registered & grade cattle. Hilltop Auction Company, Jay Martin 315-521-3123, Elmer Zeiset 315-729-8030 • 6:00 PM: Finger Lakes Livestock, 3 mi. E. of Canandaigua, NY on Rt. 5 & 20. Feeder Sale. Finger Lakes Livestock, 585-394-1515

Saturday, August 4 • 10 AM: 1507 Pre-Emption Rd., Penn Yan, NY (Yates Co.). Real Estate Absolute Auction. 103 acre DeWick farm w/100 acres tillable, farmhouse, shop 2 machine sheds. Thomas P. Wamp/Pirrung Auctioneers, Inc., 585-728-2520

Monday, August 6 • 12:30 PM: Monthly feeder sale. Hosking Sales, 6096 NYS Rt 8, New Berlin, NY (30 miles S. of Utica & 6 miles N. of New Berlin). Misc. & small animals. 12:30 produce, 1 PM dairy. We now sell lambs, goats, pigs & feeders immediately following the dairy. Calves & cull beef approx. 5-5:30 Tom & Brenda Hosking, 607-699-3637, 607-847-8800, cell 607-972-1770 or 1771.

Wednesday, August 8 • 1 PM: Finger Lakes Livestock, 3 mi. E. of Canandaigua, NY on Rt. 5 & 20. Regular Livestock Sale. 585-394-1515. • 2 PM: Gehan Rd., off Rts. 5-20, 5 mi. E. of Canandaigua, NY. NY Steam Engine Assoc. 4th Annual Consignment Auction. 1st day of pageant of Steam Show Aug. 8-11. Dann Auctioneers, Delos Dann, 585-396-1676

Thursday, August 9 • 1 PM: Route 414, Seneca Falls, NY. Farm & Equipment Auction. Next to Empire Farm Days Show. Farm Equipment, Tractors, Antique Equipment, Construction Equipment. Roy Teitsworth, Inc., Professional Auctioneers, 585-243-1563

Monday, July 30

Friday, August 10

• 12:30 PM: Hosking Sales, 6096 NYS Rt 8, New Berlin, NY (30 miles S. of Utica & 6 miles N of New Berlin). Misc. & small animals. 12:30 produce, 1 PM dairy. We now sell lambs, goats, pigs & feeders immediately following the dairy. Calves & cull beef approx. 5-5:30 Tom & Brenda Hosking, 607699-3637, 607-847-8800, cell 607-972-1770 or 1771.

• 10 AM: North Java, NY. Dairy Farm Machinery Auction - Selling a full line of farm machinery including Case IH 7140, IH 1566, IH 886, NH 1900 forage harvester, Kenworth W900B 10 wheeler, Claas 180 RotoCut baler, plus truck parts, tillage, planting, harvesting and more! See our website for more information. William Kent, Inc., 585-3435449

Wednesday, August 1

Monday, August 13

• 1 PM: Finger Lakes Livestock, 3 mi. E. of Canandaigua, NY on Rt. 5 & 20. Regular Livestock Sale. 585-394-1515.

• 12:30 PM: Monthly heifer sale. Hosking Sales, 6096 NYS Rt 8, New Berlin, NY (30 miles S. of Utica & 6 miles N. of New Berlin).

Misc. & small animals. 12:30 produce, 1 PM dairy. We now sell lambs, goats, pigs & feeders immediately following the dairy. Calves & cull beef approx. 5-5:30 Tom & Brenda Hosking, 607-699-3637, 607-847-8800, cell 607-972-1770 or 1771.

Wednesday, August 15 • Pike, NY. Wyoming County 4H Meat Animal Sale - Come support the local 4H youth by bidding on their animals! See our website for more information. Jacquier Auctions, 413-569-6421 • 10 AM: Lee, NH. Ath-Mor Registered Holsteins, complete equipment dispersal. Sale managers, Northeast kingdom Sales, Bar ton, VT 802-525-4774, Auctioneer Reg Lussier, 802-626-8892. • 10:30 AM: Cherry Creek Market, 6732 Pickup Hill Rd., Cherry Creek, NY. Monthly Heifer Sale. Followed by our regular Wednesday sale at 1:30 pm. Empire Livestock Market, 716-296-5041 or 585447-3842, Sue Rudgers, Manager 716296-5041, Lonnie Kent, Auctioneer & Sales Manager 716-450-0558

Wednesday, August 22 • 11 AM: Cherry Creek Market, 6732 Pickup Hill Rd., Cherry Creek, NY. Feeder Sale. Empire Livestock Market, 716-2965041 or 585-447-3842, Sue Rudgers, Manager 716-296-5041, Lonnie Kent, Auctioneer & Sales Manager 716-4500558 • 1 PM: Finger Lakes Livestock, 3 mi. E. of Canandaigua, NY on Rt. 5 & 20. Regular Livestock Sale. 585-394-1515.

Friday, August 24 • Barton, VT. Important Holstein Dispersal. More info soon. Sale Managers, Northeast Kingdom Sales, 802-525-4774,, Auctioneer Reg Lussier 802-626-8892

Saturday, August 25 • 9 AM: Penn Yan, NY. Finger Lakes Produce Auction Farm Machinery Consignment Auction. Pirrung Auctioneers, Inc., 585-728-2520

Wednesday, August 29 • 1 PM: Finger Lakes Livestock, 3 mi. E. of Canandaigua, NY on Rt. 5 & 20. Regular Livestock Sale. 585-394-1515.

Wednesday, September 5 • 1 PM: Finger Lakes Livestock, 3 mi. E. of Canandaigua, NY on Rt. 5 & 20. Regular Livestock Sale. 585-394-1515.

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OWNBY AUCTION & REALTY CO., INC. Mechanicsville, VA 804-730-0500 VA A.F. 86 EXCELLENCE IN SERVICE since 1946 Real Estate • Livestock Machinery • Business Liquidations “Satisfied customers are our top priority”

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CALL TOLL FREE 1-800-228-5471 THE SCABBLER MAN: 2” & 1” wide scabbling. Dan Martin 434-454-7018 Home, 434579-0705 Cell

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Dealers wanted in select areas Also Available at: Martinsburg, PA Moravia, NY Ft. Plain, NY Penn Yan, NY New Holland, PA Honey Grove, PA Shippensburg, PA Baltic, OH Watsontown, PA Millmont, PA Lykens, PA Shelby, OH

Beef Cattle (6)BLACK BALANCER HEIFERS, Angus/Gelbvieh, preg-checked open, sell as group, $6,000.00. Delivery available. 866-580-5335, 540460-0526 FOR SALE: Registered Angus, 12 cow/calf pairs, top quality show prospects, AI sired by well known bulls (Prosperity & Bismarck). Call Triple B Angus 607-525-6358

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50 WELL GROWN Freestall Heifers due within 60 days. Joe Distelburger 845-3447170.

FOB Wytheville, VA $150.00 ~ 8’ sections CATTLE GUARDS (deliverable locally) Call for Details!

U BUNK $150.00


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Sell Your Your Items Reader Ads Ads Sell ItemsThrough Through Reader P.O. Box 121, Palatine Bridge, NY 13428


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We Need Good Used Tanks • 100-8,000 ga. - Call Us SOLD NJ • 1000 Gal. DeLaval • 500 Gal. • 6000 Gal. Storage Majonnier • 1000 Gal. Mueller M • 3000 Gal. Storage • 415 Gal. Sunset • 2000 Gal. Mueller OH • 900 Gal. Mueller OH • 400 Gal. Jamesway • 800 Gal. Majonnier SOLD NH OE Mueller • 2000 Gal. • 400 Gal. Majonnier • 2000 Gal. Mueller OE • 800 Gal. Mueller OH • 300 Gal. DeLaval SOLD NY • 735 Gal. Sunset • 2000 Gal. Surge • 300 Gal. Majonnier • 735 Gal. Sunset • 1600 Gal. Surge • 300 Gal Mueller M • 700 Gal. Mueller OH • 1500 Gal. Mueller OHF • 300 Gal. Sunset • 700 Gal. Mueller V • 1500 Gal. Mueller OH • 700 Gal. Mueller M SOLD PA • 200 Gal. DeLaval • 1250 Gal. Surge • 200 Gal. Mueller RS • 600 Gal. Mueller OH • 1250 Gal. Mueller OH • 600 Gal. Mueller M • 200 Gal. Sunset SOLD PA • 1250 Gal. Majonnier Majonnier • 600 Gal. DeLaval Rnd • 150 Gal. • 1250 Gal. DeLaval • 150 Gal. Mueller RH • 545 Gal. Sunset • 1000 Gal. Sunset F.T. • 500 Gal. Mueller MW • 100, 180, 250 Gal. Milkeeper Self-Cont. • 1000 Gal. Mueller OH • 500 Gal. Mueller M

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Farm Machinery For Sale



NOLT’S EQUIPMENT 403 Centerville Rd., Newville, PA 17241 off 81 Exit 11, 2 mi. N of 233

(717) 776-6242

Farm Equipment JD 5730 CHOPPER, 4WD processor hay & 4 row chain heads, $25,000. 585-7465050

Farm Machinery For Sale $1,000 OFF corn heads & grain heads. Huge selection 15’-30’, 4, 6, 8 row corn heads. Zeisloft Eq. 800-9193322

Big Tractor Parts Steiger Tractor Specialist 1. 10-25% savings on new drive train parts 2. 50% savings on used parts 3. We buy used or damaged Steigers 4. We rebuild axles, drop boxes, transmissions with one year warranty.


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Farm Machinery For Sale DRY WEATHER CLEARANCE: 1 each. New Bush Hog 15’ batwing, model 2715, $15,750; new 10’ model 2010, $6,595. Brown Motor Parts, Goochland, VA 804-457-4495 FOR SALE: Super 1049 New Holland bale wagon, excellent condition, $19,500; Scotchman Ironworker, 35Ton single phase, $1,500. 804-690-1549 GREAT PLAINS 1500, 15’ no till drill, new tires, $10,000; 2 John Deere 716A silage wagons with tops, $2,000 each; 980 Gehl silage wagon, $2,000; Farmtools heavy duty dump wagon, $4,000. 804769-3509 after 6pm LARGEST SELECTION of combines on Est coast. Most all sell with 1 year motor & trans. warranty. 3.7% Fin. Delivery. Bloomsburg, PA 800-9193322 PEOPLE WILL PAY TO HUNT on your land. Earn top $$$ for hunting rights. Call for a FREE quote and info packet toll free 1-866-309-1507 or request at

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Farm Machinery For Sale

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Hardi 210 3pt Hitch Sprayer Sitrex 17’ Tedder MF 1835 Baler Woods 121 Rotary Cutter Woods RM660 Finish Mower Case IH 8330 Windrower White 445 Disc Chisel Vicon Fertilizer Spreader MF 245 Tractor White 285 Tractor Miller 1150 Rake Farmall 460 Tractor MF 246 Loader Case IH 8830 SP Mower Cond. MF 285 Tractor Int’l. 20x7 Grain Drill Miller Pro Forage Boxes In Stock STANLEY’S FARM SERVICE

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RD Box 46 Klingerstown, PA

NEW McCormick CT 65, cab, LDR, Special Closeout Price! NEW McCormick CT36, 4x4, LDR, Special Closeout Price!

Farmall H w/3Pt.Hitch, Ex.Cond........$2,000 ’08 McCormick MTX135, 4x4, Cab, 800 Hrs., Pristine Cond.............................Coming In! ’01 Vermeer 5400 Round Baler, Elec. Tie, Good Cond........................................$8,900 ’08 Vermeer 5410 Round Baler, Net, 244 Bales, Exc. Cond........................$16,900 JD 14T Square Baler, Fair Cond........$500 Vermeer 605M, w/Net and Bale Ramp, Complete Rebuild (Belts, Chains, Sprockets) Wide Pickup..............$19,900 Fanex 833T byVicon 6 Rotor Tedder, Field Ready, Pull Type...........................$5,000 ’05 McCormick CX85 Tractor, 1,400 Hrs., w/New Loader, Cab, 4x4 Dual Remotes . ....................................................$35,000 Kuhn GMO 77 HD, 3Pt.Disc Mower, Good ......................................................$3,500 ’73 Ford 3000 8 Speed Manual, 1 Remote, Diesel, Good Rubber, No Rust!....$5,500 ’09 Vermeer 555XL w/Net Wrap, Good Condition ....................................$12,900 NEW! HayMag 4 Rotor Tedders w/Hyd. Fold & Tilt, 18’...............................$4,995 Massey Ferguson 4225, 2WD, 1036 Massey Loader, Cab, Air, 2 Remotes, 1,500 Hours, Bale Spike .......$19,900

Tractor Care, Inc.

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NOBODY beats our prices on Voltmaster PTO Alternators, Sizes 12kw-75kw. Engines Sets and Portables Available.

MOELLER SALES 1-800-346-2348 Grain Handling Equip. Bins & Dryers

50’ - 10” U-Trough 20’ - 10” U-Trough Call 585-370-5366 For Sale: 2 Steel 30-ton Grain Bins, cone bottom, $4,000/each. Contact Dave 845-701-2737 Sullivan Co.,NY



Myers Tower Dryer


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Farm Machinery For Sale

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Hay - Straw Wanted Giorgi Mushroom Company, located in Berks County now buying the following materials:




All bale sizes and types, including ROUND BALES, accepted.

Parts & Service New Installations


Pre Cut Rye Straw 50 to 75 Lb. Bales

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810 South 14th Ave., Lebanon, PA 17042

HAY * HAY * HAY 100% Alfalfa or Grass Mix 100-240 RFV Western * Organic * Conventional BEST QUALITY / PRICES / SERVICE We’re #1 - Financing Available WE DELIVER! Certified Organic Growers Association $50 CASH for REFERRALS CALL RICK (815) 979-7070

Hay - Straw For Sale

Hay - Straw For Sale

CERTIFIED ORGANIC HAY: 25 round bales, 180 square bales. Louisa, VA 540-7485099


FOR SALE: Quality first & second cut big & small square bales. Delivered. 315-264-3900

Try Selling It In The




Wet and Dry

Farmer to Farmer

or email

Round & Square Bales

1st, 2nd & 3rd Cut Hay

Hoof Trimming

1685 Cty Hwy 35 Milford, NY

Help Wanted

Help Wanted

Maine to North Carolina Got free time? Sign up now to become a weekend warrior Or submit a resume for full time employment with

EQUIPMENT OPERATOR/ TRUCK DRIVER With Mechanical Skills Needed on CNY Dairy Farm

315-729-3220 Territory Manager Wanted Animal Medic Inc. is a Mid-Atlantic distributor of animal health products to dairy farms and dealers. We are seeking a territory manager for an established territory encompassing northeast PA, Orange county NY, and accounts in New Jersey. Responsibilities include, but are not limited to, selling products to established customers, soliciting new customers in the area, achieving sales objectives and working in a team environment. This is a base salary plus commission position. The job requires a goal oriented, competitive sales person with a strong work ethic. Solid inter-personal skills and organizational abilities are also needed. Experience with livestock is desired.

Send resume via e-mail to: Or via mail: PO Box 575, Manchester, PA 17345, Attn: Bob Henry


Hay - Straw Wanted

DOEBLER’S is searching for professional seed sales men and women in all of its Eastern regions from New York State into Ohio and as far south as North Carolina. Ideal candidates must demonstrate an ability to quickly learn new seed product information, a desire to not only grow Doebler’s business but also the businesses of his or her customers, and a thorough understanding of and ability to communicate Doebler’s reputation in agribusiness as “Your Regional Advantage”.


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Sawmills 3 POINT UNIFOREST Log Tree Winch: I will pay the shipping. Look at them at or call 800765-7297 FIREWOOD or MULCH Conveyors: 10 foot to 32 foot. or 800765-7297 SAWMILL COMPLETE UNIT: Brand new $2,495. I will pay shipping. Made in the USA. Video or more info at or 800765-7297 USED FOREST EQUIPMENT: Sawmill, firewood processor, edger, conveyor, tree skidding log winch. Call 315-941-7083. MUST SELL.

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NEW AND USED TRACTOR PARTS: John Deere 10,20,30,40 series tractors. Allis Chalmers, all models. Large inventory! We ship. Mark Heitman Tractor Salvage, 715-673-4829



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Calendar of Events MID-ATLANTIC REGION NOTE: Calendar entries must arrive at the Country Folks office by the Tuesday prior to our publication date for them to be included in the Calendar of Events. Email:

JUL 17 Grain Marketing Meeting Higgy’s Restaurant, 5306 Church Hill Rd., Church Hill, MD. 6:30 am. JUL 17 Robeson Co. Area Beekeepers Assoc. Monthly Meeting O.P. Owens Ag. Center, 455 Canton Rd., Lumberton, NC. 6:30 pm meal, 7 pm educational meeting.. Contact Nelson Brownlee, 910-6713276. JUL 18 Maryland Young Farmers Advisory Board to Meet Maryland Department of Agriculture, 50 Harry Truman Parkway, Annapolis, MD. 8:45 am. Contact Rachel Melvin, 410-8415882.

JUL 19 Organic Field Crop Farm Tour Hickory Meadows Organics. 5 pm. Registration deadline is July 16. Contact Lisa Forehand, 919-513-0954 or JUL 19-21 Kent County Fair Kent Ag Center. Call 410778-1661. On Internet at JUL 20 Sorghum Grower Meeting O.P. Owens Ag. Center, 455 Canton Rd., Lumberton, NC. 8-10 am.. Contact Mac Malloy, 910-671-3276. JUL 20-28 Cecil County Fair Call 410.996.5280. JUL 21 Tree Farm Field Day Eagleville Gap, Blanchard, PA. 10 am - 3 pm. Questions? Program Details Contact: John Hoover, Tree Farmer 203-736-4385 or Registration information contact Dave Jackson, Forest Resources Educator, Penn State Extension of Centre County at 814-3554897 or The registration page can be d o w n l o a d e d a t Hoover-Tree-Farm-FieldDay-Brochure-7-12.pdf. JUL 23 MD Nutrient Management Regulations Public Meeting Talbot Community Ctr., Easton, MD. 7-9 pm. JUL 24 Pesticide Recertification Class, Private Category V & X O.P. Owens Ag. Center, 455 Canton Rd., Lumberton, NC. 5-9 pm. Commercial class TBA.. Contact Mac Malloy, 910-671-3276. JUL 26 14th Annual Maryland Commodity Classic 124 Wye Narrows Dr., Queenstown, MD. Tours at the Wye Research and Education Center will run from 9-11 am. with the Maryland Commodity Classic following at the Queen Anne’s 4-H Park. Lunch and informational displays will be set up at 11 am. The business meeting begins at 1 pm, followed by speakers and concluding with the famed Crab Feast, Pork and Chicken Barbecue. Entry prior to 2:30 pm is $10 and after 2:30 pm the entry fee is $20, there is no entry after 3:30 pm. Contact Lynne Hoot, 410-956-5771. JUL 31 Grain Marketing Meeting Higgy’s Restaurant, 5306 Church Hill Rd., Church Hill, MD. 6:30 am. AUG 2 The 2012 Virginia Ag Expo Grainfield Farm operated by Chuck McGhee in Mechanicsville, VA. 7:30 am. Field tours starting at 8 am will include the Virginia on farm corn and soybean variety plots; corn and soybean planting dates; weed, insect and nematodes control; population studied in both corn and soybeans; row width in full season soybeans and seed treatments in soybeans. Also on the tour will be a stop at the blackberry and raspberry operation and a stop at a pre-Civil War cemetery. There is no pre-registration or registration fee for attendees. Lunch will be available from local civic organizations and vendors.. Contact John Smith, e-mail AUG 3-4 First Annual Pennsylvania Organic FarmFest Grange Fair Grounds in Centre Hall, Pennsylvania. For more information call 814-422-0251 or visit our website at www. Call 814-4220251. On Internet at http:// AUG 4 Fourth Annual Heritage Festival William Campbell Middle/ High School and Community Park, 474 William Campbell Drive, Naruna, VA. Contact J.D. Puckett, 434-376-5780. AUG 6-11 Queen Anne’s County Fair 4-H Park, Centreville, MD. On Internet at www. AUG 9 Twilight Meeting for Organic Vegetable Growers 2005 Largo Rd Upper Marl-

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1 Week $13.45 per zone / 2+ Weeks $12.45 per zone per week 1 Week $13.75 per zone / 2+ Weeks $12.75 per zone per week 1 Week $14.05 per zone / 2+ Weeks $13.05 per zone per week boro, MD 20774. Upper Marlboro Research & Education center. Dinner at 5:30 & the tour at 6:30 pm. No advance registration is needed. Contact Jerry Brust, 301-627-8440. AUG 10-12 NOFA Summer Conference University of Mass, Amherst. NOFA Summer Conference August 10-12 University of

Mass, Amherst To regist www. or call 413-362-2143 AUG 14 Grain Marketing Meeting Higgy’s Restaurant, 5306 Church Hill Rd., Church Hill, MD. 6:30 am. AUG 14-16 Ag Progress Days 9 miles SW of State College,

PA. Admission and parking are free. Call 814-865-2081. AUG 21 Robeson Co. Area Beekeepers Assoc. Monthly Meeting O.P. Owens Ag. Center, 455 Canton Rd., Lumberton, NC. 6:30 pm meal, 7 pm educational meeting. Contact Nelson Brownlee, 910-6713276.

Follow Us On

WASHINGTON, D.C. — National Farmers Union (NFU) President Roger Johnson sent a letter to Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid, D-NE, and Senate Minority Leader, R-KY, outlining the amendments to the Agriculture Reform, Food and Jobs Act of 2012 that the organization strongly supports or opposes. The letter also outlined the amendments that NFU will score for year-end Gett mid-week k updatess andd onlinee classifieds, pluss linkss too otherr agriculturall organizations.


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JD 9500 1990, 2WD, Approx,. 5100/3500 Hrs., Level Land, Heads Available $34,900 (CA)

JD 9610 1999, 4200/2720 Hrs., 4WD, Very Nice $69,000 (CA)

JD 9750 2003, 2WD, CM, 4000/2650 Hrs. $89,000 (M)

JD 6420 2003, Cab, 4WD, IVT, 3 Rear SCV Coming In (M)

JD 6430 4wd, cab, TLS, IVT, SHARP $75,000 (M)

JD 4560 cab, 4wd, duals, powershift, 5700 hours $48,900 (H)

Check Out These Great Prices HAY & FORAGE EQUIPMENT

JD 330 Round Baler, 4x4, Single Twine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .$5,900 (CH) JD 457 SS Round Baler, 4x5, net wrap, hyd pickup . . . . . . . . . . .$16,800 (M) JD 458 SS Round Baler, net hyd pkp . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .$23,900 (M) JD 467 Round Baler, 540 PTO, 4x6 Bales, No Surface Wrap . . . . . .$14,100 (M) JD 558 round baler, net wrap, ramps, megawide . . . . . . . . . . . ..$22,200 (H) JD 5730 SPFH, 4WD, 7’ Pickup & 4RN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .$36,000 (M) JD 6850 SPFH, 4WD, KP, Approx. 2400/1800 Hrs. . . . . . . . . . . . .$78,900 (M) JD 7350 SPFH, 4WD, KP, Approx. 1,000 Eng. Hrs., 750 Cutter Hrs. . ..Call For Details! (M)

JD 960 Backhoe for SS Loader . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .$5,900 (M) JD 260 SS Loader, Series 2, 2 Sp., Foot Control, 1400 Hrs . . . . . . .$17,900 (M) COMBINES

JD 9660 STS 2004 yr model, 2WD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Just Arrived (M) TRACTORS

JD 4560 cab, 4WD, 5700 hrs., duals, powershift . . . . . . . . . . . . . .$48,900 (H) JD 5075M 2WD, 12/4 trans, approx 600 hrs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $25,000 (CH) JD 6430 4WD, cab, TLS, IVT, SHARP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .$75,000 (M) MF 165 Utility Tractor, Gas, 2WD, Loader . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .$5,900 (H)

Various Corn Heads & Hay Pickup Heads Available


FR DM1140 disk mower, 5’ cut, 3pt hitch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .$4,400 (H) NH 1431 Discbine w/Roll Conditioner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10,000 (M) NI 483 round baler, twine tie . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .$3,500 (H) H&S B12 Folding Wheel Rake . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .$3,000 (M)

JD 521 NSL loader to fit 5000 Series tractors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .$2,500 (M) *NEW* Sno-Way 90” snowplow, JD 500 series loader mounts . . .$2,950 (M) Polaris 6x6 utility vehicle, roof, 350 Hrs., sharp! . . . . . . . . . . . .$6,900 (CH) 4-N-1 Bucket, As Is . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .$1,800




1750 1760 1990 1590 1590

6 Row Planter, Liquid, Insecticide . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $24,900 (CA) 12 row 30” folding, liquid, nice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $42,400 (CH) 30ft air seeder w/central tank fill . . . . . . . . . . . . .Coming In (M) 15’ Drill, 2008 yr model, Grass, 2pt Hitch . . . . . . . . . . .$31,900 (H) 10’ No till drill, dolly hitch, grass . . . . . . . . . . . . .Coming In (CA) SKID STEERS

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Smith’s Implements, Inc. Your Forage Harvester Specialist

(M) Mercersburg, PA 12258 Buchanan Trail West 717-328-2244

Locations in

(CH) Chambersburg, PA 3213 Black Gap Road 717-263-4103

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(H) Hagerstown, MD 13115 Cearfoss Way Pike 301-733-1873

voting records. NFU supports and will score the following amendments: • Senators Durbin and Coburn #2439 (limits crop insurance premium subsidy provided to farmers with an adjusted gross income greater than $750,000) • Senator Chambliss # 2438 (establishes conservation compliance requirements for the federal crop insurance program) NFU opposes and will score the following amendments: • Senator Ayotte #2192 (drastically modifies the Value-Added Producer Grant program by conducting an Office of the Inspector General audit before the distribution of funding) • Senator Lee #2314 (eliminates the Conser-

vation Reserve Program and the Conservation Stewardship Program) • Senator Toomey #2226 (eliminates funding for important energy title programs) • Senator Toomey #2443 (eliminates the no-cost sugar program) • Senator Chambliss #2432 (eliminates funding for the Farmers Market and Local Food Promotion Program) “The Agriculture Reform, Food and Jobs Act of 2012 represents a bipartisan effort that helps family farmers and ranchers in times of need and provides nutritional support to millions of disadvantaged Americans while making a significant contribution to deficit reduction,” said Johnson.

VFGC from 17 “We test every day,” said Tanner. That’s because, in addition to being a post driver manufacturer, he is a veteran fence contractor and is thus able to perform research and development on his machines in the field. Before he started manufacturing in earnest, Tanner perfected his prototypes while at fencing jobs. “Then I’d take it home at night and work on making it better,” he said. “It’s hard to perfect something you’re not using.” Tanner sources almost all of the parts in the machine (except some hydraulic fittings) from American manufacturers. “You pay more, but it’s worth it,” he said. The wheels and hubs, for example, are manufactured for NASCAR vehicles, and thus are capable of withstanding extreme forces. Stay-Tuff fencing is a heavy-duty, high quality woven wire fence that uses 12.5 gauge, hi-tensile, class 3 galvanized wire. Because it does not stretch much compared to low tensile wire, the fence will remain tight even after being subjected to animal pressure, snow load, or a fallen tree limb — once that weight is removed, the fence will snap back into its original shape.

The fence uses a fixed knot to fasten the vertical stay and horizontal line wires rather than the conventional hingejoint design, in which separate vertical wires are wrapped together at the horizontal wire to fasten the two components together. The fastening in the fixed knot design comes from a third wire that wraps the horizontal and vertical wires tightly together. With the solid vertical stay wire, there is no sagging, and the fence will actually stand up on its own, thus permitting fewer posts between bracing (and thus saving on fencing costs). What’s more, Stay-Tuff fencing is available in rolls that come prestripped — with 18 inches of horizontal line wire without vertical stay wires at the start and end of each roll, to permit wrapping around end posts. Overall, a great deal of information was shared with the conference attendees, helping them both improve their management practices and their profitability. As Wayne Campbell, a cattleman from Abingdon said, “If you can pick up a little bit of knowledge and save a dollar it’s worth it.”


NFU: Upcoming amendments critical to family farmers and ranchers


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