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LATITUDES LATITUDES GLOBAL GLOBAL EXHIBITION EXHIBITION


curated by Eduardo Pizarro exhibited at CEPT University, in Ahmedabad, India, July 2018

FAUUSP,

Sao Paulo, Brazil, August 2018

MEASI Academy of Architecture, Chennai, India, September 2018

University of Westminster, London, UK, September 2018


local curators Urvi Desai and Hiren Patel [CEPT University] Eduardo Pizarro and Joana Gonรงalves [FAUUSP] Altaf Ahmed, Monsingh David Devadas and Joseph Thomas [MEASI Academy of Architecture] Lucy Anne McWeeney, Mehrdad Borna and Rosa Schiano-Phan [University of Westminster]

academic committee

Rosa Schiano-Phan [University of Westminster] Joana Gonรงalves [FAUUSP] Mehrdad Borna [University of Westminster] Eduardo Pizarro [FAUUSP]

sponsored by the University of Westminster


the Latitudes Global Exhibition unveils research and design experiences developed in Partner Universities in Ahmedabad, Bologna, Chennai, London and Sao Paulo, and collected through an open call drawn to celebrate the achievements of the Latitudes Network’s academic community throughout the years. This catalogue summarizes the 57 works submitted in two categories:

RESEARCH CATEGORY DESIGN CATEGORY


RESEARCH CATEGORY


the Latitudes Global Exhibition is composed by 24 Research Experiences submitted by students from CEPT University [Ahmedabad], FAUUSP [Sao Paulo], MEASI Academy of Architecture [Chennai] and University of Westminster [London]. The entries were assessed by an international jury and acknowledged as follows:

1ST PRIZE 2ND PRIZE 3RD PRIZE + TWO MENTIONS + FIVE SHORTLISTED + OTHER SUBMISSIONS


1ST PRIZE

RESEARCH CATEGORY


SPATIAL MAPPING OF THERMAL COMFORT I.E. COMFORT MAPS AS DESIGN TOOL


latitude_51°50’74’’ city/country_ London/UK university_ University of Westminster authors_ Salome Berechikidze supervisors_ Rosa Schiano-Phan year_ 2018

RESEARCH!


COMFORT MAPS INTRODUCE A STRONG VISUAL LANGUAGE THAT FILLS A GAP BETWEEN COMFORT GRAPHS AND DETAILED MAPPING OF SPACE PERFORMANCE. THIS AIDS DECISION-MAKING AMONGST ARCHITECTS AND OCCUPANTS.


CALCULATION

PLOTTING COMFORT VARIABLES AS WELL AS COMFORT INDEX ITSELF

VISUALIZATION

INTRODUCTION TO MICROCLIMATE MAPS_IN COMPARISON WITH TRADITIONAL ASSESSMENT AND VISUALIZATION METHODS OF ONE/MULTI NODE COMFORT MODELS


SPATIAL MAPPING OF Top IN HONEYBEE

SPATIAL MAPPING OF Top IN AUTODESK CFD

Final Design Happy!

ADVANTAGE OF WORKING IN ONE INTERFACE >> COMPARISON BETWEEN WORKFLOWS OF MICROCLIMATE COMFORT MODEL AND CFD MODEL, WHICH ALSO CREATES 3D MAPS OF COMFORT VARIABLES SUCH AS Top OR MRT


DESIGN OPTIMIZATION WITH SP OF TC: WINDOW GEOMETRY STUDIES


DESIGN OPTIMIZATION WITH SM OF TC: CONSTRUCTION MATERIAL AND DIURNAL CYCLE STUDIES


TC Spatial Mapping for Free Running or Mixed Mode Buildings and Adaptive Occupants

ADAPTIVE MICROCLIMATE MAPS SAO PAULO, SUMMER, JULY STUDIO APARTMENTS (4mX10mX6m)

OPERTIVE TEMP.

SM OF TC FOR LAYOUT DESIGN: WHAT IF INSTEAD OF LOOSING SPACE DUE TO ‘UNCOMFORTABLE’ CONDITIONS, WE COULD USE THEM WISELY: MAKE IT TRANSITIONAL, SHORT TERM STAYS, ETC – WHERE DIFFERENT COMFORT CONDITIONS MAY APPLY


PHILIPPE RAHM ECAPORATED ROOMS, LYON, 2011

ENERGY,PEOPLE AND BEHAVIOUR KEVIN BURCHELL AND TOM WATSON - PSI

UNCOMFORTABLE

MOVE

IN TEN YEARS, BEHAVIOR CHANGE/ENERGY EFFICIENCY CAN DELIVER: • 20% REDUCTION ON HOUSHOLD EMISSIONS (US, INCLUDEING CARS) • 7% REDUCTION ON TOTAL EMISSIONS

COMFORTABLE

ADJUST

BEHAVIOR

SM OF TC FOR ADAPTIVE OCCUPANTS – A SHIFT FROM THE PASSIVE RECIPIENT TO THE INHEBITANT, WHO CAN PLAY MORE ROLE IN THE MAINTENANCE AND PERFORMANCE OF THEIR BUILDING


STUDIO ARCHETYPE ST. LUKE’S PRIMARY SCHOOL, WOLVERHAMPTON

“ MAN IS THE MEASURE OF ALL THINGS.”—PROTAGORAS : POE AFTER ARCHITECTS INTRODUCED SPACE TO SCHOOL PUPILS & STAFF MEMBERS


SPATIAL MAPPING IS NOT ONLY FAST AND DETAILED MONITORING OF THE SPACE THERMAL CONDITIONS, BUT IT CAN ALSO BECOME A VERY EFFECTIVE LANGUEGE OF COMMUNICATION WITH OCCUPANTS. ULTIMATELY, BETTER INFORMED INHABITANTS CAN BECOME MORE ENVIRONMENTALY CONSCIOUS CITIZENS.


2ND PRIZE

RESEARCH CATEGORY


“UNIVERSITIES AS SUSTAINABLE ACTORS: THE CASE OF THE ENVIRONMENTAL PLAN OF THE UNIVER SITY OF SÃO PAULO”


latitude_-23°32’51’’ city/country_São Paulo/Brazil university_Faculty of Architecture and Urbanism of the University of São Paulo – FAUUSP authors_Mariana Auad Proença supervisors_Professor Roberta Consentino Kronka Mülfarth year_2018

SUSTAINABILITY. ECOCAMPUS. UNIVERSITIES. ENVIRONMENTAL PLAN.


“THIS RESEARCH IS BASED ON THE CONCEPTION OF A BASE GUIDE: WHICH ENBRACES THE ECOCAMPUS CONCEPT, THE UNIVERSITIES AND THEIR ENVIRONMENTAL PLANS AND THE DIRECTION TO THE RESEARCHES THAT ARE LINKED TO SUSTAINABLE BUILDINGS”


ECO CAMPUS

CONCLUSIONS AND DEVELOPMENTS

ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT PLAN: THE WORKING GROUP OF SUSTAINABLE BUILDINGS

INTERNACIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL PLANS

ACTIVITY FLOWCHART

UNIVERSITY NETWORK

SUSTAINABLE INDICATORS

ENVIRONEMTAL PLAN OF UNIVERSITY OF SÃO PAULO (USP)

DISSERTATION STRUCTURE FLOWCHART


17 OBJECTIVES OF SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT

IMAGE OF THE CHART DEVELOPED BY USP IN ONE OF WC2`S ACTIVITIES


ILLUSTRATIVE IMAGE OF THE CONCEPTS APPLIED TO THE ECOCAMPUS


GRADUATED PROFESSIONALS INSTITUTION OF HIGH EDUCATION

EDUCATION

PARADIGMS SOLUTIONS CRITICAL CONSCIENCE

RESEARCH

COORDINATION AND COMMUNICATION

UNIVERSITY CAMPUS - LIFE

SOCIETY CONFERENCE EXAMPLE AND MODEL

THE INTERFACE BETWEEN UNIVERSITIES AND SOCIETIES IN RELATION TO SUSTAINABLE ISSUES


TIMELINE OF THE SUSTAINABLE ACTIONS INSIDE OF UNIVERSITY OF SÃO PAULO (USP)


GENERAL OBJECTIVES

FIRST GENERAL OBJECTIVE: BUILDING REQUALIFICATION

SECOND GENERAL OBJECTIVE: DESIGN

THIRD GENERAL OBJECTIVE: CONSTRUCTION

FOURTH GENERAL OBJECTIVE: POSTOCCUPANCY OF CAMPUSES BUILDINGS

SPECIFIC OBJECTIVES

ACTIONS AND DEADLINES FOR IMPLEMENTATION

SUSTAINABLE INDICATORS

GOALS AND DEADLINES FOR IMPLEMENTATIONS

RANKING

MEMBERS IN CHARGE

DIAGRAM OF THE PHASES OF USP ENVIRONMENTAL PLAN

STRUCTURAL DIAGRAM OF THE ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGMENT PLAN OF THE CHAPTER OF SUSTAINABLE BUILDINGS


RESEARCH CLOSURE


“IT IS IMPORTANT TO EMPHASIZE ONCE AGAIN HOW UNIVERSITIES ARE ACTING AS SUSTAINABLE URBAN ACTORS THROUGH THE IMPLEMENTATION OF ENVIRONMENTAL PLANS AND HOW THESE PLANS ARE BECOMING PRACTICE. FURTHERMORE, PLAYING THE ROLE AS LIVING LABS FOR OTHER UNIVERSITIES AND CITIES INSIDE THE SUSTAINABLE CONTEXT”


3RD PRIZE

RESEARCH CATEGORY


“ARTICULATING SPANNING SYSTEMS THROUGH MAKING”


latitude_23°2’1.9068’’N city/country_Ahmedabad / India university_CEPT authors_Vicky Achnani / Workshop team WS2017 supervisors_ Vicky Achnani / Rudra Pal / Alisha Raman year_2017

RESEARCH!


“FORM IS AN OUTCOME OF MATERIAL MANIPULATION UNDER FORCE. MAKING OF SPANNING SYSTEM USING LINEAR AND PLANAR MATERIALS_THROUGH PHYSICAL AND DIGITAL FABRICATION”


SPANNING SYSTEMS


SPANNING SYSTEMS


DETAILS


DETAILS


SPANNING SYSTEMS


MAKING


PROTOTYPING


ARTICULATION


“ TO UNDERSTAND CONCEPT OF JOINERY THROUGH MAKING WHILE DEVISING SEQUENCE OF CONSTRUCTION” “ TO UNDERSTAND MATERIAL BEHAVIOUR AND PROPERTIES IN RELATION TO FORM” “ TO SPAN WHILE ARTICULATING FORCES”


MENTION

RESEARCH CATEGORY


PEDESTRIAN THERMAL AND ACOUSTIC COMFORT IN SÃO PAULO AND OTHER ENVIRONMENTAL VARIABLES INFLUENCE


latitude_23°32’51’’ city/country_brazil university_university of são paulo authors_gabriel bonansea de alencar novaes supervisors_leonardo marques monteiro year_2015

RESEARCH!


SEARCH FOR THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THERMAL AND ACOUSTIC SENSATIONS COMPLEMENTED BY EXTERNAL FACTORS RELATED TO LIGHTING, MOBILITY, QUALITY AND WIDTH OF THE SIDEWALKS, QUALITY OF URBAN ATMOSPHERE AND THE PRESENCE OF URBAN FACILITIES.


THE RESEARCH WAS CONDUCTED IN THE CITY OF SÃO PAULO, BRAZIL


FIRST CITY CENTRE AVENIDA PAULISTA AND SURROUNDINGS

REPÚBLICA

BERRINI / VILA OLÍMPIA AND SURROUNDINGS

SÃO PAULO CITY CENTRE DEVELOPMENT. THE RESEARCH CONDUCTED 25 EVENTS OF MICROCLIMATIC AND ENVIRONMENTAL VARIABLES MEASUREMENTS IN ALL FOUR SEASONS OF THE YEAR. SIMULTANEOUSLY, 2535 PEOPLE WERE INTERVIEWED ON THEIR CONDITIONS OF COMFORT AND PERCEPTION OF THE ENVIRONMENT.


EXAMPLES OF SOME OF THE MEASUREMENT POINTS. EQUIPMENTS IN THE SIDEWALKS MEASURING AIR TEMPERATURE, GLOBE TEMPERATURE, AIR HUMIDITY, WIND SPEED, SUN RADIATION, NOISE LEVEL, LUMINANCE CONTRASTS.


TEP – “TEMPERATURE OF EQUIVALENT PERCEPTION”

TEP

FEEL

TEP > 50

EXTREMELY HOT

42,5 < TEP < 50,0

VERY HOT

34,9 < TEP < 42,4

HOT

27,3 < TEP < 34,9

LITTLE HOT

25,4 < TEP < 27,3

LIGHT HEAT

Tair = Air Temperature (ºC)

21,5 < TEP < 25,4

NEUTRAL

MRT = Mean Radiant Temperature (ºC)

19,6 < TEP < 21,5

LIGHT COLD

RH = Relative Humidity (% - use decimal value from 0 to 1)

12,0 < TEP < 19,6

LITTLE COLD

Vair = Air Speed (m/s)

4,4 < TEP < 12,0

COLD

-3,2 < TEP < 4,4

VERY COLD

TEP < -3,2

EXTREMELY COLD

TEP₁ = -3,777 + 0,4828.Tair + 0,5172.MRT + 0,082.RH – 2,322.Vair

The values M = 1,3 MET and Icl = 0,6 clo were adopted as standard

FOR THERMAL COMFORT, IT WAS USED “TEP – TEMPERATURE OF EQUIVALENT PERCEPTION” (MONTEIRO, 2008), A THERMAL COMFORT INDEX SPECIFIC FOR THE CITY OF SÃO PAULO FOR OUTDOORS STREET ENVIRONMENTS.


Leq < 83 dB(A): SMALL INTERACTION BETWEEN ACOUSTIC AND GENERAL COMFORT WHEN IN HIGH INFLUX AVENUES. Leq > 83 dB(A): RADICAL DECAY OF ACOUSTIC COMFORT AND GENERAL COMFORT


% OF PEOPLE IN ACOUSTIC COMFORT

NOISE EQUIVALENT LEVEL IN LOW INFLUX STREETS

NOISE EQUIVALENT LEVEL IN HIGH INFLUX STREETS AND AVENUES

95%

51 DB(A)

60 DB(A)

90%

52 DB(A)

61 DB(A)

85%

52,5 DB(A)

62 DB(A)

80%

53 DB(A)

63 DB(A)

75%

54 DB(A)

64 DB(A)

70%

55 DB(A)

65 DB(A)

NOT ONLY THE EQUIVALENT NOISE LEVEL MATTERS, ALSO NOISE SOURCE AND EXPECTATIONS WITH THE STREET CHANGE DRASTICALLY THE TOLERANCE. THERMAL DISCOMFORT LEADS TO LOWER TOLERANCE TO NOISE LEVEL AND QUALITY: FOR A SAME NOISE LEVEL, ACOUSTIC COMFORT WILL BE HIGHER WHEN THERMAL COMFORT IS HIGHER.


THE MOST INCIDENT FACTOR ON PEDESTRIAN COMFORT WAS THERMAL COMFORT, AND GLOBE TEMPERATURE WAS THE MOST RELIABLE NUMBER TO UNDERSTAND IT. ALSO, SOLAR RADIATION WAS THE MOST INCISIVE SUBFACTOR OVER PEDESTRIANSâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; COMFORT.


20 < TEP < 34 (NEUTRAL AND LIGHT HEAT) AND GLOBE TEMPERATURE > 20°C: BIGGEST THERMAL COMFORT RATES TEP > 34 (HOT) AND GLOBE TEMPERATURE > 30°C: THERMAL COMFORT AND GENERAL SATISFACTION DECAY RAPIDLY


25 < TEP < 30: HIGHEST THERMAL AND GENERAL COMFORT RATES WHEN 25 < TEP < 35 AND SPECIALLY WHEN TEP IS AROUND 27 TO 30, ACOUSTIC COMFORT IS HIGHER


% OF PEOPLE IN THERMAL COMFORT

TEP

95% OR HIGHER

27,5 ~ 28,5

95% OR HIGHER

90% OR HIGHER

26,0 ~ 30,0

AIR SPEED (M/S | MPH)

85% OR HIGHER

80% OR HIGHER

24,0 ~ 32,0

75% OR HIGHER

1,0 M/S (2,2 MPH)

70% OR HIGHER

0,6 ~ 1,5 M/S (1,3 ~ 3,4 MPH)

% OF PEOPLE IN GENERAL COMFORT

TEP

AIR TEMPERATURE (°C)

GLOBE TEMPERATURE (°C)

90% OR HIGHER

AROUND 27,5

AROUND 28°C

AROUND 30°C

85% OR HIGHER

24,0 ~ 32,0

25°C ~ 30°C

25°C ~ 36°C

80% OR HIGHER

18,0 ~ 36,0

18°C ~ 31°C

20°C ~ 41°C

AIR SPEED (M/S | MPH)

1,0 ~ 1,5 M/S (2,2 ~ 3,4 MPH)

THE STREET SHALL PROVIDE SHADING AND PROTECTION AGAINST OVEREXPOSURE TO THE SUN AND INDIRECT RADIATION AND PERMIT AIR MOVEMENT, BUT PREVENTING THE FORMATION OF WIND CORRIDORS


IN SÃ&#x192;O PAULO, THE MOST INCIDENT FACTOR ON THE PEDESTRIAN COMFORT IS THE THERMAL COMFORT. THERMAL COMFORT INTERFERES IN ACOUSTIC COMFORT: THERMAL DISCOMFORT APPEARED TO CAUSE LOWER TOLERANCE TO NOISE, WHILE ACOUSTIC DISCOMFORT HAS NOT SHOWN THE SAME INTERFERENCE IN THERMAL TOLERANCE.


MENTION

RESEARCH CATEGORY


HOW CAN PLANTS AND NATURAL VENTILATION IMPROVE INDOOR AIR QUALITY WITH IOT DEVICES ?


latitude_51°30’36’’ city/country_London_UK university_University of Westminster authors_Minh Van supervisors_Rosa Schiano-Phan, Francesco Anselmo year_2018

RESEARCH!


THE PROJECT DEVELOPS A METHODOLOGY TO INVESTIGATE INDOOR AIR QUALITY THROUGH STUDIES AND EXPERIMENTS. WITH THE USE OF SENSORING DEVICES, WHAT IS THE IMPACT OF PLANTERS AND WINDOWS ON INDOOR AIR QUALITY?


LITERATURE REVIEW: REGUIDE TO AIR-FILTERING HOUSEPLANTS BY CLAIRY BASE ON NASA 1989 STUDY


PROCESS: THIS PROJECT IS A COLLABORATION BETWEEN WESTMINSTER AND ARUP, STARTING WITH AN IOT DESK AS INFRASTRUCTURE FOR IOT DEVICES.


FIELD WORK 1 â&#x20AC;&#x201C; INDOOR POLLUTANT STUDIES WITH DYSON PURIFIER


FIELD WORK 2 â&#x20AC;&#x201C; IMPACT OF PLANTER AND WINDOW VENTILATION ON INDOOR CO2


FIELD WORK 2 â&#x20AC;&#x201C; RESULTS


THE PROJECT CONTINUES TO STUDY THE BEHAVIOUR OF INDOOR POLUTANTS SUCH AS NOx AND PARTICULATE MATTER. IT AIMS TO DEVELOP A METHODOLOGY TO QUANTIFY AND CONTROL INDOOR POLLUTION IN CONJUNCTION WITH PROVIDING ENOUGH CO2 IN EXPERIMENT ROOM 516 OF MARYLEBONE CAMPUS.”


RESEARCH CATEGORY


SHORTLISTED RESEARCH CATEGORY


“GREEN POCKETS” AS MICROCLIMATIC MODIFIERS IN THE UK URBAN SCHOOLS


latitude_51.5074° N, 0.1278° W city/country_London, UK university_University of Westminster authors_Urszula Bajcer supervisors_Dr Rosa Schiano-Phan year_2017

RESEARCH!


LONDON SCHOOLS ARE MECHANICALLY VENTILATED & HAVE NO CONTACT WITH NATURE. THIS HAS A DETRIMENTAL EFFECT ON THE PHYSICAL & MENTAL DEVELOPMENT OF STUDENTS. “GREEN POCKETS” STRATEGY AIMS TO INVERT THIS & MAKE THE OUTDOOR MATTER.


ENVIRONMENTAL SECTION OF THE “GREEN POCKET” STRATEGY.


SUBTITLE (KEEP SIZE, TYPE, COLORâ&#x20AC;¦) RESEARCH


“GREEN POCKET” CONCEPT


MEGA COURTYARD


MIDI BREAK OUT


MINI CLASSROOM

APPLICABILITY


THE “GREEN POCKET” STRATEGY PROVIDES A YEAR-ROUND THERMALLY COMFORTABLE SEMI+ INDOOR SPACES WITH IMPROVED AIR QUALITY & REDUCED ENERGY CONSUMPTION WHILE BRINGING THE STUDENTS BACK IN CONTACT WITH THE NATURAL ENVIRONEMNT, IMPROVING THEIR DEVELOPMENT.


SHORTLISTED RESEARCH CATEGORY


BUILDING PERFORMANCE EVALUATION OF UOW ARCHITECTURAL STUDIOS


latitude_51°50’74’’ city/country_ London/UK university_ University of Westminster authors_ Minh Van, Salome Berechikidze, Sana Aleem, Sana Munir supervisors_Rosa Schiano-Phan, Juan Vallejo, Joana Gonçalves Year_2017/2018

RESEARCH!


THE DOUBLE HIGHT OPEN PLAN STUDIOS ILLUMINATED BY TOP & SIDE LIGHT, AND THE EXPOSED CONCRETEâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;S THERMAL MASS CREATE A UNIQUE THERMAL & DAYLIGHTING ENVIRONMENT, WHICH LENDS ITSELF TO ANALYTIC EXPLORATION


CITY CLIMATE AND OUTDOOR MICROCLIMATE STUDIES WITH CFD SIMULATION


STUDIOS IN THE 70’S

INDOOR ENVIRONMENT STUDIES – WITH CONTEXT, SPOT MEASUREMENTS AND PREDICITONS OF AIR MOVEMENT


INDOOR ENVIRONMENT STUDIES WITH POST OCCUPANCY EVALUATION VIA QUESTIONNAIRES AND INTERVIEWS


INDOOR MICRO CLIMATE STUDIES WITH BMS DATA AND SOFTWARE SIMULATIONS FOR TEMPERATURE VARIATION, DAYLIGHT & AIR QUALITY


THERMAL & ENERGY PERFORMANCE STUDIES

THERMAL & ENERGY PERFORMANCE STUDIES


DESKTOP STUDIES OF DAYLIGHT WITH SECTIONAL PHYSICAL MODEL & DAYLIGHT METER


DESKTOP STUDIES OF DAYLIGHT WITH SECTIONAL PHYSICAL MODEL & DAYLIGHT METER


DESKTOP STUDIES OF SOLAR ACCESS WITH SECTIONAL PHYSICAL MODEL & SUN ROSE


DESKTOP STUDIES OF SOLAR ACCESS WITH SECTIONAL PHYSICAL MODEL & SUN ROSE


THE ANALYSIS SHOWED THE GREAT POTENTIAL FOR PASSIVE OPERATION OF THE STUDIOS. IMPROVEMENTS THROUGH RETROFIT OF THE SPACE AND ADJUSTMENTS IN THE BUILDING MANAGEMENT SYSTEM WERE SUGGESTED, TO GIVE GREATER CONTROL TO OCCUPANTS OVER THEIR IMMEDIATE ENVIRONMENTAL COMFORT.


SHORTLISTED RESEARCH CATEGORY


TRADITIONAL COURTYARD HOUSES OF LAHORE, PAKISTAN


Latitude_ 31°32′59″N City/Country_ Lahore/Pakistan University_ University of Westminster, London Author _Sana Aleem Supervisors _ Rosa Schiano-Phan, Benson Lau Year _ 2018

RESEARCH!


LAHORE, WITH ITS HOT-ARID CLIMATE, HOLDS OPEN COURTYARD BUILDINGS, DUE TO SOCIAL AND RELIGIOUS BELIEFS, WHICH ALLOW MORE SUN PENETRATION TO THE BUILDING. BUT, HOW THE SOCIAL AND CULTURAL ASPECTS BEHIND THE DESIGN OF THESE COURTYARDS PROVIDE THE ENVIRONMENTAL DELIGHT IN THESE TRADITIONAL DWELLINGS?


BASE CASE : BAROOD KHANA HAVELI, ( Walled city ) Lahore-Pakistan 4 1

2

3 6

5

7

6

8 VIEWS ALONG ENTRANCE SEQUENCE IN CASE STUDY BAROOD KHANA HAVELI- GROUND FLOOR


BASE CASE : BAROOD KHANA HAVELI, ( Walled city ) Lahore-Pakistan

9

10 11

12

13

14

15

VIEWS ALONG ENTRANCE SEQUENCE IN CASE STUDY BAROOD KHANA HAVELI- FIRST FLOOR


‘’SPATIAL SEQUENCE’’

Inner courtyard 1

Inner courtyard 2

Main courtyard

Top terrace

‘’COURTYARDS WHICH LIVE’’

Entrance

Narrow

BLOW UP A

Shrink

constrict

BLOW UP B

enlarge

constrict

enlarge

constrict

enlarge

stairs

enlarge

stairs

enlarge

BLOW UP C SOURCE: GOLDEN RATIO-RABIA QURESHI

SPATIAL SEQUENCE AND DEEP BEAUTY IN COURTYARDS OF CASE STUDY BAROOD KHANA HAVELI


MIGRATION STRATEIGIES IN BAROOD KHANA HAVELI DURING SUMMERS AND WINTERS


26th April 2018

10 â&#x201E;&#x192;

Sheesh mahil/ sitting room basement

FIELDWORK: TEMPERATURE GRAPH FROM DATA COLLECTED BY TEMP. LOGGERS FOR SITTING ROOM IN INNER COURTYARD 2 OF CASE STUDY BAROOD KHANA HAVELI

0.38 M BRICK WALL


No thermal stress

Moderate thermal stress

Strong thermal stress

Very Strong thermal stress

SUN PENETRATION IN THE COURTYARDS

THE TEMPERATURES IN COURTYARDS ON A HARSH SUMMER DAY AND RESPECTIVE UTCI ALONG WITH SUN PENETRATION INTO THE COURTYARDS


THE MULTIPLE OPEN COURTYARDS PROVIDED WITH HEAVY VEGETATION BLOCK DIRECT SUN RADIATIONS REACHING THE GROUND.THE WATER BODIES AID EVAPORATIVE COOLING &THE PLANTS, EVATRANSPORTATION, WHICH HELP IN COOLING THE SPACES. A DIFFERENCE OF UPTO 3-5 C° IS SEEN IN COURTYARDS WITH MORE VEGETATION & WATER BODIES.


SHORTLISTED RESEARCH CATEGORY


“THE ENVIRONMENT OF HIGH-DENSITY TALL BUILDINGS - BRAZILIAN BIOCLIMATIC MODERNISM: THE COPAN BUILDING-1966 ”


latitude_23° são paulo/brazil faculty of architecture and urbanism of the university of são paulo - fauusp joana carla soares gonçalves, mônica dolce, roberta c. kronka mulfarth, eduardo gasparelo lima, amanda ferreira 2014-2016

RESEARCH!


“LOOKING BACK TO THE GLORY YEARS OF BRAZILIAN MODERNISM BETWEEN 1930 AND 1964, THE COUNTRY´S ARCHITECTURAL HERITAGE REVEALS AN ENVIRONMENTAL DESIGN APPROACH STILL RELEVANT TO THE LOCAL BUILDING SECTOR OF TODAY”


THE RESIDENTIAL TALL BUILDING COPAN, 1966, IN THE CITY CENTRE OF SÃ&#x192;O PAULO, NORTH AND NORTHWEST ORIENTATIONS.


DIAGRAM AND FLOOR PLAN OF THE COPAN BUILDING WITH THE LOCATION AND INTERNAL VIEWS OF THE FOUR CASE-STUDY FLATS (KITNETS) NUMBERED FROM 1 TO 4.


CLOSER VIEW OF THE NORTHWEST FACADE


ON THE LEFT CLOSER VIEW OF THE SOUTHEAST FACADE, ON THE RIGHT THE PERFORATED CONCRETE EXTERNAL WALL (THE COBOGÃ&#x201C;)


MEASUREMENTS OF DRY BULB AIR TEMPERATURE DURING WARM DAYS (MARCH 2016) IN THE FOUR CASE-STUDIES WITH EXTERNAL TEMPERATURES.


MEASUREMENTS OF DRY BULB AIR TEMPERATURE, GLOBE TEMPERATURE AND AIR VELOCITY IN KIRNETS 1 AND 4 DURING THE WARM PERIOD (MARCH 2016).


MEASUREMENTS OF DRY BULB AIR TEMPERATURE DURING COOL DAYS (AUGUST 2016) IN THE FOUR CASE-STUDIES WITH EXTERNAL TEMPERATURES AND GLOBAL SOLAR RADIATION ON THE HORIZONTAL SURFACE.


KITNET, 27TH FLOOR, NORTHEAST

KITNET, 27TH FLOOR, SOUTHEAST


“THE EFFECT OF THERMAL INERTIA

COUPLED WITH EXTERNAL SHADING THAT CHARACTERIZE THE BUILDING FEATURES OF THE BRAZILIAN BIOCLIMATIC MODERNIST RESULTED IN STEADY THERMAL CONDITIONS DURING WARM AND COLD DAYS, WITH FIGURES OSCILLATING BETWEEN 24 AND 26OC.”


SHORTLISTED RESEARCH CATEGORY


THE ENVIRONMENTAL PERFORMANCE OF GOLDEN LANE ESTATE, LONDON


latitude_51°31’28’’N city/country_London/United Kingdom university_University of Westminster authors_Gabriela Krebs Cipriani, Giulia Koeler, Samy Firad supervisors_Rosa Schiano-Phan and Juan Vallejo year_2018

RESEARCH!


THE STUDY ANALYSES A VERY GOOD EXAMPLE OF BRITISH MODERNIST HOUSING PROJECT AND ITS ENVIRONMENTAL STRATEGIES.


E HOUS 2

T COUR

ELD ERFI

E

N LAW

HOUS

E

ING

USE

IMM POO L

CEN

ITY MUN COM ILDING BU

UM CULL

THUR AT AR E GRE HOUS

OAD

SE OU TH

R ELL SW GO

CRES

R BAYE

E GAM BALL EA AR

E HOUS

CUTH

Golden Lane Estate location in City of London

HOUS

HO HEN Y CO

BAST

SW

IS TENN

337

UND

LANE

GRO

LE STAN

PLAY

BERT

POND

ATER BOW

HARR

HOUS

E

ING OW

2_BH_Thermal_confort_analysis__future_heat_on.jpg Golden Lane Estate 2_BH_Thermal_confort_analysis_heat_on.jpg The Golden Lane Estate contains 559 homes: •

385 Flats

174 Maisonettes

In 7 acres of land

2, BASTERFIELD HOUSE (Maisonette)

URBAN URBAN CONTEXT AND HISTORICAL CONTEXT

October 2017

IELD

December 1940

HOTF

LDEN GO

City of London location in London

337, CRESCENT HOUSE (Flat)

References


2_BH_Thermal_confort_analysis__future_heat_on.jpg 2_BH_Thermal_confort_analysis_heat_on.jpg

BASTERFIELD HOUSE

BASTERFIELD HOUSE

STANLEY COHEN HOUSE

BAYER HOUSE

MICROCLIMATE ANALYSIS - FIELDWORK

CRESCENT HOUSE


>2,5H 2,5H 90% acceptability Tn ± 2,5°C Tn = 0,31 Tav +17,8°C July : Tn = (0,31)18,94 +17,8°C ~ 21,17°C and 26,17°C February : Tn = (0,31)6,81+17,8°C ~ 17,41°C and 22,41°C

H Secondary flow

2_BH_Thermal_confort_analysis__future_heat_on.jpg 2_BH_Thermal_confort_analysis_heat_on.jpg 2H H

CLIMATE AND MICROCLIMATE ANALYSIS

4H

H


22 September

20 March

21 December

20 March 22 September

21 June

21 December 21 June

2_BH_Thermal_confort_analysis__future_heat_on.jpg 2_BH_Thermal_confort_analysis_heat_on.jpg

SEASONAL SUNLIGHT HOURS ANALYSIS

SEASONAL SUNPATH ANALYSIS

CLIMATE AND MICROCLIMATE ANALYSIS

22 September

21 June

20 March

21 December

SEASONAL WIND PROFILE


HOT

FIEL

OU DH

D E RF

IELD

HO U

SE

N LAW

EN

SC E NT

CU T

THE ESTATE

Y NIT MU COM ILDING BU

SE

SE

UR RTH AT A E G RE HO US

U HO

HOU

HBE

H RT

SE HOU

PON

D

R ATE BOW

ARR

OW

SE

ER BAY

AM E LG B A L RE A A

HOU

L OO GP

CRE LUM CUL

CO H

RT

MIN

OU IS C E NN

T BAS

IM SW

T

SE

Y NLE STA

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“AT GOLDEN LANE THE SPACES AND THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THE BLOCKS ARE AS IMPORTANT AS THE ACTUAL BUILDINGS, SO THAT THE WHOLE STATE IS A SINGLE PIECE OF ARCHITECTURE”

HO U

SE

ING

THE CITY

IDENTIFIED STRATEGIES USED BY DESIGNERS


West façade

Illuminance (Lux) (MEASURED ON SITE)

East façade

Air Temperature (°C) (MEASURED ON SITE)

2_BH_Thermal_confort_analysis__future_heat_on.jpg 2_BH_Thermal_confort_analysis_heat_on.jpg

Illuminance (Lux) – Winter (COMPUTER SIMULATION)

INDOOR CLIMATE ANALYSIS – CRESCENT HOUSE FLAT

Illuminance (Lux) – Summer Daylight Factor (COMPUTER SIMULATION) (COMPUTER SIMULATION)

Glare Analysis on West Façade


Passive Solar Heating/Protection from sun

Air Flow

IDENTIFIED STRATEGIES USED BY DESIGNERS

Cross Ventilation 1

Cross Ventilation 2


A

A

ILLUMINANCE 0-99

100-199 200-299 300-499K 500-1K 1K-2K

2K-5K

5K-10K 10K-25K >25K

Lux 260

N

112

150

145 128

302

9°C wunderground

161

39,000 lux

BEDROOM 0 2 137

269

260

KITCHEN

215

136

377

64

06 November 2017

34,000 lux

BATH ROOM

24,100 lux

30,700 lux

404

HALL

881

2,250 lux

1,050 lux 140 lux

499

499

1,000 lux

1,590 lux

1000

961

890

1,300 lux 1,698 lux 82

665

839

406

LIVING ROOM

617 lux

BEDROOM 0 1 325

510 lux

260 lux

377

1,300 lux

100 lux

300 lux

North façade

460 lux 135

53

1,750 lux

120

90

262

930 lux

250 lux

280 lux 1,010 lux

BALCONY

Air Temperature (°C) (MEASURED ON SITE)

253

South façade

A

A

452

Illuminance (Lux) (MEASURED ON SITE)

2_BH_Thermal_confort_analysis__future_heat_on.jpg 2_BH_Thermal_confort_analysis_heat_on.jpg

Illuminance (Lux) – Winter (COMPUTER SIMULATION)

Illuminance (Lux) – Summer (COMPUTER SIMULATION)

INDOOR CLIMATE ANALYSIS – BASTERFIELD HOUSE MAISONNETE

Daylight Factor (COMPUTER SIMULATION)

Glare Analysis on South Façade


Heat On

Free Running

Total Monthly Energy (kWm2)

Total Monthly Energy (kW/m2)

2_BH_Thermal_confort_analysis__future_heat_on.jpg 2_BH_Thermal_confort_analysis_heat_on.jpg Operative Temperature (Hourly) – 01 Jan/21 Dec

Global Horizontal Radiation (Wh/m2)

Operative Temperature (Hourly) – 01 Jan/21 Dec

Global Horizontal Radiation (Wh/m2)

INDOOR CLIMATE ANALYSIS – BASTERFIELD HOUSE MAISONNETE


Passive Solar Heating/Protection from sun

Thermal bridge

Cross Ventilation - Buoyancy

Cross Ventilation – Wind Driven

IDENTIFIED STRATEGIES USED BY DESIGNERS AND IMPROVEMENT SUGGESTIONS AND RESULTS

“BY ADDING A DOUBLE GLAZING FROM THE INSIDE, THERMAL COMFORT WAS REACHED AT EVERY SEASON, WITH A RISK OF OVERHEATING WITHOUT PROPER VENTILATION”


THE STUDY REVEALED THAT IN 1957 CPB ARCHITECTS WERE CONCERNED ABOUT DAYLIGHT HOURS AND PASSIVE HEATING AND COOLING SYSTEMS. SUGGESTIONS FOR IMPROVEMENT WERE MADE AND TESTED, PROVING THAT WITH MINOR ADJUSTMENTS, THE BUILDING CAN REACH STILL THERMAL COMFORT.


RESEARCH CATEGORY


OTHER ENTRIES RESEARCH CATEGORY


“MAKING OF A FLOOD RESILIENT PROTOTYPE” IN CONTEXT OF MAJULI_ASSAM


latitude_24°54’4.97’’N city/country_Majuli, Assam / India university_ Individual research based workshop authors_Vicky Achnani, Participants, Design Build team supervisors_Vicky Achnani, Design + Build team year_2018

RESEARCH!


“DEVISING A CLAIRVOYANT ARCHITECTURE, PARSED IN A BUILDING LANGUAGE THAT AIMS TO MITIGATE THE EFFECT OF NATURAL DISASTER THROUGH BUILT ENVIRONMENT ORDONNANCE”


PROTOTYPE


PROCESSES


FOUNDATION


FLOOR TRUSS


PROTOTYPE


PROTOTYPE


DETAILS


DETAILS


MAKING


OCCUPATION


“THE DESIGN + BUILD PROTOTYPE

SENSITIVELY INCORPORATE INNOVATIVE BUILDING METHODOLOGIES BY ENHANCING RESILIENCE OF SUSCEPTIBLE AREAS IN THE VULNERABLE YET BEAUTIFUL CONTEXT OF MAJULI”


â&#x20AC;&#x153;Pedestrian Pathways: walkability, comfort and subjective pedestrian experiencesâ&#x20AC;?


latitude_23°32’51’’S city/country_são paulo/brazil university_university of são paulo (usp) authors_paula lelis rabelo albala supervisors_roberta consentino kronka mülfarth year_2018

RESEARCH!


â&#x20AC;&#x153;contributing to the formulation of urban design strategies concerning pedestrian mobility in free urban spaces, focusing on walkability, comfort and pedestrian subjective experiences while walkingâ&#x20AC;?


WALKING IN OPEN URBAN SPACES IS THE HUMAN ACT THAT MOST INTERRELATES WITH OTHER ELEMENTS OF THE LANDSCAPE, AND IT SHOULD PROVIDE WELL-BEING AND SAFETY TO THE PEDESTRIAN.


HOW CAN WE ACHIEVE A WALKABLE AND COMFORTABLE CITY FOR PEDESTRIAN IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES? HOW TO IMPLEMENT PEDESTRIAN COMFORT AND WALKABILITY STRATEGIES IN URBAN DESIGN AND PUBLIC POLICIES?


AT THE ACADEMIC FIELD, THE URBAN DESIGN TOWARDS A PEDESTRIAN SCALE HAS BEEN STRONGLY DEBATED, AND LEARNINGS FROM THAT DISCUSSIONS SHOULD BE INCORPORATED TO PUBLIC POLICIES STRATEGIESâ&#x20AC;¦


ALSO, IN BRAZILIAN CASE, THE NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF PUBLIC TRANSPORT OF BRAZIL SHOWS THAT 36% OF THE POPULATION MOVES ON FOOT TO THEIR DESTINATIONS (ANTP, 2013).


SO, IT IS NECESSARY TO START CONSIDERING WALKING AS A REAL MEAN OF TRANSPORTATION, INTEGRATED TO THE CITY TRANSPORT NETWORK AND CITIZENSâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; EVERYDAY LIFE.


CITIES OF DEVELOPING COUNTRIES URGES FOR AN URBAN DESIGN INNOVATION TOWARDS A PEDESTRIAN SCALE, AIMING TO ACHIEVE INTEGRATED AND SUSTAINABLE DESIGN SOLUTIONS IN THEIR CHALLENGING REALITY.


“CLIMATE RESPONSIVE/ RESILIENT COMMUNITIES OF SOUTH INDIA”


latitude_13.0827° N city/country_Chennai/India university_MEASI Academy of Architecture author_S.F.Salma year_2017

RESEARCH!


“STUDY ON CLIMATE RESPONSIVE/ RESILIENT COMMUNITIES OF SOUTH INDIA -TIPPIRAJAPURAM & GANDIKOTA. DESIGNED TO ACHIEVE HUMAN COMFORT BY USING AVAILABLE MATERIALS WHICH WERE MORE RESPONSIVE TO PREVAILING TOPOGRAPHY, CLIMATE AND NATURAL FORCES”


STUDY REGION

I. GANDIKOT

II.TIPPIRAJAPURAM ANALYZED COMMUNITY SETTLEMENTS MARKED ON MAP OF SOUTH INDIA


CASE I- GANDIKOTA VILLAGE, ANDHRA PRADESH

14° 48′ 48.36″ N, 78° 17′ 5.12″ E

GANDIKOTA IS AN EXTENSIVE LANDSCAPE THAT ENDEAVOR THE HISTORY AND NATURE ON ITS LAP. TELUGU WORDS, ‘GANDI’ A GORGE, AND ‘KOTA’ A FORT.

SUBTITLE (KEEP SIZE, TYPE,COLOR…)


AERIAL VIEW OF GANDIKOTA VILLAGE AND THE GORGE THE GORGEOUSLY ENVELOPED FOLK OCCUPANTS HAVE AN EXTENSIVE LIVING HERITAGE.

THEY HAVE A NARRATIVE THAT EMBODIES THEIR BUILT AND LANDSCAPES. THE INTRICACY WOVEN BUILT STRUCTURES WITHIN THE MONUMENTAL STRUCTURE MAKES ITS CHARACTER.

FLEXIBLE TO NATURE, IT NEVER MADE ANY DRASTIC CHANGES TO THE NATURAL TOPOGRAPHY AND THE SURROUNDINGS WHILE SETTING

A WHOLE VILLAGE EXISTS INSIDE THE COMPLEX


THE FORT WAS CONSTRUCTED DURING 12TH CENTURY

LOCALLY AVAILABLE MATERIAL - GRANITE,

THE ENTIRE SETTLEMENT AND THE HISTORIC MONUMENTS HAS STRUCTURES MADE UP OF DIFFERENT LAYERS OF GRANITE WITH DRY STONE STACKING METHOD OF CONSTRUCTION

STRUCTURES IN GANDIKOTA CAMOUFLAGED WITH THE LANDSCAPES


FOLLOWING THE SUSTAINABLE STRATEGIES, CLIMATE RESPONSIVE FACTORS AND ALSO TO MATCH WITH THE FORT, VILLAGE AND CULTURAL LANDSCAPES, THE WHOLE COMPLEX IS BUILT IN STONE

HERITAGE RESORT IS ADAPTED FACTORS BETWEEN VARIOUS ACTIVITIES OF INHABITANTS AND THEIR SPATIAL ENVIRONMENT OF GANDIKOTA.

GANDIKOTA APTDC COMPLEX-HERITAGE RESORT


CASE II- TIPPIRAJAPURAM, TAMIL NADU INDIA 10° 55′ 0″ N, 79° 24′ 0″ E

ARRANGEMENT OF THE SETTLEMENT IS INFLUENCED BY THE OCCUPATION PATTERN WHICH ALSO RESEMBLES A GARLAND AROUND THE TEMPLE

SETTLEMENT MERGING WITH LANDSCAPES OF TIPPIRAJAPURAM


THE ORIENTATION OF THE STREET IS EAST-WEST AND THIS FOLLOWS THE HOUSES TO FACE NORTH-SOUTH AND THUS REDUCING HEAT IN FRONT AND BACKYARD.

TIPPIRAJAPURAM’S – RIVER, PADDY FIELDS, VEGETATION & PONDS

CULTURAL LANDSCAPES OF TIPPIRAJAPURAM

THE TRADITIONAL ARCHITECTURAL STYLES OF THEIR HOUSES WERE SHAPED BY PARAMETERS SUCH AS CLIMATE, OCCUPATION AND THE PREVAILING SOCIOECONOMIC AND SOCIO-CULTURAL FACTORS


THESE COMMUNITIES HAVE RESPONDED WELL FORMING THE BACK BONE OF SOCIAL AND CULTURAL SET UP OF THE PLACE. THEY ARE WELL BLEND WITH NATURAL SETTINGS WHICH SHOULD BE UNDISTURBED IN THE FUTURE & RETAIN ITS INTEGRITY; CONTEMPORARY IDEAS SHOULD BE INTEGRATED WELL WITH THE TRADITIONAL SET UP WHICH HAS STOOD TILL TODAY.


BUILDING PERFORMANCE EVALUATION OF THE UNIVERSITY OF WESTMINSTERâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;S MARYLEBONE CAMPUS (PODIUM LEVEL)


latitude_51.5074ยบ N city/country_London, UK university_University of Westminster authors_Simona Bukowska, Giuliana Pappalardo, Felisa Padilla. supervisors_Rosa Schiano-Phan, Juan Vallejo, Joana Gonรงalves year_2017/2018


FOLLOWING THE COVERING OF THE CENTRAL COURTYARD, USERS COMPLAINED ABOUT THE LACK OF DAYLIGHT, NATURAL VENTILATION AND OUTDOOR VIEWS IN THE CAMPUS. THIS PROJECT AIMED TO ANALYSE THE POSSIBLE FACTORS INFLUENING THIS PERCEPTION.


Monthly Average Climate Data m/s

30,00 DBT mean max

25,00

kW/m2

20,00

DBT mean min

15,00

Global Horizontal Radiation

oC

10,00 5,00

Wind Velocity 0,00

CLIMATE, LOCATION AND HISTORY

Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec


PROPORTIONS AND DAILY AVARAGE SUNLIGHT HOURS ANALYSIS COURTYARD AND SURROUNDINGS - 1970 CONFIGURATION


WIND VELOCITY MAGNITUDE AND STATIC PRESSURE SIMULATION IN CFD AUTODESK - MARYLEBONE CAMPUS 1970 CONFIGURATION


MARCH 8:00 – 18:00

MARCH 8:00 – 18:00

WINTER SOLSTICE 21 December JUNE 8:00 – 18:00

DECEMBER 8:00 – 18:00

JUNE 8:00 – 18:00

DECEMBER 8:00 – 18:00

SOLAR RADIATION AND SHADOW ANALYSIS – ACTUAL CONFIGURATION

SUMMER SOLSTICE 21 June


2 1 1

2

DAYLIGHT FACTOR AND GLARE ANALYSIS â&#x20AC;&#x201C; ACTUAL CONFIGURATION


18/10/2017 19/10/2017 20/10/2017

TEMPERATURE AND RELATIVE HUMIDITY reception 25 25,5 25 21/10/2017 22/10/2017 cafeteria 28,5 28,8 29,3

23/10/2017 24/10/2017

18:00:00

12:00:00

6:00:00

0:00:00

18:00:00

12:00:00

6:00:00

0:00:00

18:00:00

12:00:00

47%

6:00:00

0:00:00

18:00:00

12:00:00

6:00:00

0:00:00

18:00:00

12:00:00

6:00:00

0:00:00

18:00:00

12:00:00

6:00:00

0:00:00

18:00:00

12:00:00

6:00:00

0:00:00

18:00:00

12:00:00

6:00:00

0:00:00

ยบC

AIR TEMPERATURE RELATIVE HUMIDITY

35 30 25 20 15 10 5 0

25/10/2017


AVARAGE DURING THE NIGHT: 588,84 ppm

AVARAGE DURING THE DAY: 764.12 ppm

CO2 - 1:00pm (lunch time)

MARYLEBONE ROAD: 573 ppm COUTYARD: 428 ppm

AIR QUALITY. LEVELS OF CO2 IN OCCUPIED AND UNOCCUPIED HOURS

CO2 - 9:00pm

MARYLEBONE ROAD: 538 ppm COUTYARD: 412 ppm


DUE TO THE DEEP PLAN AND SMALL ROOFLIGHTS, LEVELS OF ILLUMINANCE ARE BELOW BENCHMARKS AND ARTIFICIAL LIGHT IS REQUIRED AT ALL TIMES. AT PICK OCCUPANCY HOURS OVERHAEATING CAN BE EXPERIENCED AND AIR QUALITY DIMINISHES BUT THE BMS AND THE MECHANICAL SYSTEMS ARE SET TO COUNTERACT THIS PROBLEMS.


“BOSSA SYSTEM”

BUILDING OCCUPANTS SURVEY SYSTEM AUSTRALIA


latitude_23°32’56’’ south city/country_são paulo/brazil university_university of são paulo authors_cida bou ghosn supervisors_prof. dr. alessandra prata shimomura year_2017

INDOOR SPACES ENVIRONMENTAL EVALUATION FOR OFFICE BUILDINGS AT CUASO


ACCESSING THE USER PERCEPTION OF THE INDOOR ENVIROMENTAL QUALITY OF WORKSPACES IN OUR CAMPUS, BY MEANS OF THE APPLICATION OF THE BOSSA

TIME LAPSE SYSTEM


BOSSA WAS DEVELOPED IN 2011 BY:

AUSTRALIA

BOSSA TIME-LAPSE


1.Web-Based Questionnaire

BOSSA TIME-LAPSE TOOLS

2.BOSSA Building Metrics


20

20 MIN. TO BE COMPLETED

ACCESSED THROUGH A LINK (PHONE OR LAPTOP)

MULTIPLE CHOICE 7 POINT SCALE QUESTIONS

STRUCTURED ALONG 9 IEQ DIMENSIONS

1. BOSSA TIME LAPSE QUESTIONNAIRE


Indoor Air Quality

Connection to Outdoor Environment

Spacial Comfort

Building Image and Maintenance

Thermal Comfort

9 DIMENSIONS OF INDOOR ENVIROMENTAL QUALITY

Visual Comfort

Noise Distraction and Privacy

Individual Space

Health and Productivity


2. BOSSA BUILDING METRICS


Satisfeito

Neutro

Insatisfeito

RESULTS: IEQ SATISFACTION RATINGS TO SPECIFIC DESIGN FEATURES, FIT-OUT DETAILS AND BUILDING SERVICES FEATURES.


BOSSA TIME-LAPSE QUESTIONNAIRES Source of Image: Candido, C.; Kim J.; De Dear, R.; Thomas, L. (2015). BOSSA: A multidimensional post-occupancy evaluation tool. Building Research & Information, 44:2, 214-228, DOI: 10.1080/09613218.2015.1072298. Link de acesso: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09613218.2015.1072298, Published online: 21 Aug 2015.

7 point scale


BOSSA TIME-LAPSE REPORT


MORE INFO:

WWW.BOSSASYSTEM.COM


“REVIVAL OF THEATRE AMBIENCE THROUGH NATURAL VENTILATION”


latitude_51°30’35’’ city/country_Nottingham, UK university_University of Westminster authors_Sana Munir supervisors_Juan Vallejo, Rosa Schiano-Phan year_2018

RESEARCH!


“TO STUDY NATURAL VENTILATION IN THEATRE DESIGN FOR BETTER PERFORMANCE AND THERMAL COMFORT IN THE LIGHT OF HISTORICAL BACKGROUND, FIELDWORK & COMPUTER ANALYSIS.”


IS NATURAL VENTILATION POSSIBLE IN THEARE?

HISTORICAL DEVELOPMENT OF THEATRE

FIELD WORK & CASE STUDY

CAN NATURALLY VENTILATED THEATRE ACHIEVE THERMAL COMFORT

EFFECT OF THEATRE VOLUME ON THERMAL COMFORT

COMPUTER ANALYSIS

CHALLENGING DESIGN, COMPLEX OPERETIONAL REQUIREMENTS, HIGHER HEAT GAINS & LIFE CYCLE COSTS


THERMAL IMAGING OF THE THEATRE UNDER STUDY BEFORE & AFTER IT WAS OCCUPIED


EVOLUTION OF THEATRE DESIGN FROM 15TH CENTURY TO 19TH CENTURY


52°, -1.17°Coordinates

England

Nottingham

Nottinghamshire

SITE & LOCATION OF CASE STUDY-NOTTINGHAM GIRLS HIGH SCHOOL THEATRE


Monthly Average Dry Bulb Temperature

Monthly Average Relative Humidity

30,00 mean max/min

25,00 20,00 oC

%

mean average

15,00 Adaptive Comfort EN 15251:2007 (Class II)

10,00

5,00 0,00

100,00 90,00 80,00 70,00 60,00 50,00 40,00 30,00 20,00 10,00 0,00

mean max/min mean average

Jan Mar May Jul

Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec

Cumulative Rainfall

Sep Nov

Daily Average Horizontal Radiation

CLIMATE OF NOTTINGHAM

Dec

Nov

Oct

Sep

Aug

Jul

Jun

May

Apr

Feb

Mar

5,00 4,00 Rainfall Days

kW/m2

30 27 24 21 18 15 12 9 6 3 0

days

90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0

Jan

mm

6,00

3,00

Global

2,00

Diffuse

1,00 0,00 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec


16°C Outdoor Temperature

f

23.5 °C Indoor Operative Temperature ΔT = 7.5 °C

22.7°C Exhaust

23°C Above lights

d 21°C Top of raked seating

18°C North Inlet 19°C Plenum

e

g

b

a

AVERAGE TEMPERATURES ON MAY 22ND DURING A CONCERT BETWEEN 7PM-9PM

a) b) c) d) e) f) g)

c

North Inlet South Inlet Plenum Stage Auditorium Exhaust Foyer


AVERAGE TEMPERATURES ON MAY 22ND DURING A CONCERT BETWEEN 7PM-9PM


WINTER WEEK PERFORMANCE OF THEATRE


NGHS PREDECTED AIRFLOW ANALYSIS


“THE THEATRE UNDER STUDY PERFORMS WELL. THERMAL MASS OF THE BUILDING AND PLENUM HELPS TO MAINTAIN CONSTANT TEMPERATURES. NATURAL VENTILATION REVIVES THE THEATRE AMBIENCE BY PROVIDING THERMAL COMFORT & BETTER AURAL EXPERIENCE.”


DESIGNING HEALTHY CITIES: THE IMPACT OF URBAN FORM ON MICROCLIMATE AND HUMAN HEALTH


latitude_51° 30’ 30.7080’’ city/country_London/United Kingdom university_University of Westminster authors_ Mehrdad Borna supervisors_ Dr Rosa Schiano-Phan & Dr Krystallia Kamvasinou year_2016-2020

RESEARCH!


MANIPULATION OF URBAN FORM CAN CREATE A DESIRABLE MICROCLIMATE WHICH IS CAPABLE OF MITIGATING AIR POLLUTION CONCENTRATION IN URBAN AREAS & RESPECTIVELY REDUCE ITS ADVERSE IMPACT ON HUMAN HEALTH


VISIBLE AIR POLLUTION IN LONDON: 23 NOVEMBER 2016 (LEFT) & JANUARY 2017 (RIGHT)


GREENPEACE ACTIVISTS PUT GAS MASK ON NELSON'S COLUMN IN POLLUTION PROTEST, APRIL 2016


1950

2030

ALMOST 70% OF POPULATION WILL LIVE IN CITIES BY 2050 (UNITED NATIONS POPULATION DIVISION, 2014)


HIGH POPULATION DENSITY AFFECTS TRAFFIC VOLUME, IT ALSO ESCALATE ENERGY CONSUMPTION DRAMATICALLY, AND A REDUCED AVAILABILITY OF LAND AND GREEN SPACES. THEREFORE, MADE URBAN AIR QUALITY AS THE MOST SIGNIFICANT STRUGGLE AND CHALLENGES OF OUR CURRENT AND FUTURE CITIES.


AIR POLLUTION AND SOURCES OF AEROSOLS AND PARTICULATE MATTER IN THE ENVIRONMENT (KEMP, 2012)


HEALTH IMPACT OF AIR POLLUTION


GENERIC RELATIONSHIP MODEL ILLUSTRATION OF STREET LEVEL AIR POLLUTANT CONCENTRATION OF A PLACE AND THE MOST RELEVANT FACTORS INFLUENCING THE CONCENTRATION


FACTORS INFLUENCES ON LONDON'S AIR QUALITY, LONDONâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;S AIR QUALITY IS AFFECTED BY A NUMBER OF FACTORS, INCLUDING THE WEATHER, GEOGRAPHY AND EMISSIONS SOURCES FROM BOTH INSIDE AND OUTSIDE LONDON (GREATER LONDON AUTHORITY, 2010)


DEVELOPMENT OF THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK


FILED SURVEY: MEASUREMENTS & SIMULATION


URBAN PHYSICAL FORM AND ITS RELATION TO URBAN MICROCLIMATE AND AIR POLLUTION


IMPROVING AIR QUALITY IN CITIES IS NO EASY AND SIMPLE FEAT. A MULTIDISCIPLINARY APPROACH IS NEEDED. THE IMPACT OF URBAN FORM ON POLLUTION CAN BE ANALYSED AND SIMULATED FOR FUTURE SCENARIOS. THIS CAN PRODUCE MORE COMPREHENSIVE URBAN DESIGN GUIDANCE TO MITIGATE AIR POLLUTION CONCENTRATION.


RESEARCH ASSISTANCE FROM MEASI ACADEMY TO LUND UNIVERSITY FOR MASTER THESIS IN SUSTAINABILITY SCIENCE


latitude_13°.08’N city/country_CHENNAI/INDIA university_MEASI Academy of architecture Author_Neha Satheesan – LUCSUS (Lund university centre for sustainability studies) Sweden Supervisor – Wim Carton External assistance as faculty /architect of Two projects – Joseph N Thomas year_2017

RESEARCH!


TO DETERMINE THE FEASIBILITY AND EXTENT TO WHICH TRADITIONAL INDIAN VERNACULAR ARCHITECTURE CAN BE INCORPORATED INTO MAINSTREAM CONSTRUCTION PRACTICES WITHIN THE HOUSING SECTOR IN URBAN INDIA


RECTANGULAR COURTYARD IN EAST WEST DIRECTION ROOMS ARE BUILT IN NORTH SOUTH DIRECTION

VENT OPENING ABOVE ARCH OPENING FOR WARM AIR TO ESCAPE

TO REDUCE DIRECT SUNRAYS

BRICK ARCHES USED TO SPAN OPENINGS INSTEAD OF RCC LINTELS

BRICK JALLIES HAVE BEEN USED AS FENESTRATION FOR PARAPETS. WATER POOL FOR EVAPORATIVE COOLING

PROJECT 1-VIZHINJAM RESIDENCE, TRIVANDRUM- Ar. JOSEPH N THOMAS


VENT OPENING ABOVE ARCH OPENING FOR HOT AIR TO ESCAPE

FILLER SLAB CONSTRUCTION TECHNIQUE USED IN THIS PROJECT (INTRODUCED BY LAURIE BAKER) TO MINIMIZE CONSUMPTION OF STEEL AND CONCRETE FOR ENERGY EFFICIENCY

OPEN TO SKY COURT AS EXTENDED LIVING SPACE HAS BEEN PROVIDED

DINING HALL ARCH WITH BUILT IN BRICK RESTING

PLATFORM BY A POOL WHICH COOLS THE COURTYARD AND HOUSE INTERIOR

CORBELLING TECHNIQUE HAS BEEN USED FOR THE BRICK FURNITURE


BRICK ARCHES USED TO SPAN OPENINGS INSTEAD OF RCC LINTELS

OLD VENTILATOR FROM SCRAP SHOP USED TO FORM A WINDOW TO PROVIDE LIGHT TO THE WORKING COUNTER (AND ALSO PROVIDE VIEW TO POOL )

WHEREVER POSSIBLE BUILT IN BRICK FURNITURE HAS BEEN USED INSTEAD OF WOODEN AND STEEL FURNITURE CORBELLING TECHNIQUE HAS BEEN USED FOR THE BRICK FURNITURE


uses courtyard , jallies-for passive design and concrete filler slab instead of conventional rcc slab, ferrocement slabs instead of wood shelves, brick arches instead of beams, corbels for built in seating, precast conc.slabs for stairs, dismantled old ventilators and other locally available materials are used for minimizing energy . . . . .


PROJECT 2 - ADAPTIVE REUSE REMODEL/INTERIOR DESIGN PROJECT FOR DR. VISWANATHAN OLD 4 BEDROOM SPACIOUS BUNGALOW AT CHENNAI

Corner windows/gable glazed openings were designed taking in to account of eastern sun angle and designed with light shelf slabs to reflect light and bring it into the room with out affecting Dr's privacy.(both horizontally and vertically).This was done in all four corners of the study.Since, the room faces east and book shelves were added with terracotta mural to retard the flow of heat.

newly formed court


Western verandah replaced by thick arch walls shaded by pergola on western side

Stair room was given skylights to set up warm air convection currents to improve natural ventilation and improve natural lighting at the centre of the house.

WPC pergola

Lamps suspended in new car porch made from recycled wooden panels of door with LED.


MOST OF THE MATERIALS USED WERE NATURAL BUILDING MATERIALS. LIKE STONES, FERROCEMENT, RECYCLED WOOD, SUSTAINABLE COMPOSITES OF WOOD FIBRE AND WASTE PLASTIC (WPC) ETC. 99% OF WOOD HAS BEEN RECYCLED FOR NEWER USES.OLD FASHIONED HEAVY CROCKERY SHUTTERS WERE CONVERTED TO DOOR SHUTTERS


SUSTAINABLE RETROFIT FOR FLOODING RESILIENCE


latitude_38° 50’ 34” N city/country_El Verger, Spain university_University of Westminster authors_Jose Puchol-Salort supervisors_Rosa Schiano-Phan, Nasser Golzari, Juan Vallejo, Zhenzhou Weng year_2016

RESEARCH!


EL VERGER WAS TRAGICALLY AFFECTED BY THE GIRONA RIVER FLOODS IN 2007. THE AIM OF THIS RESEARCH WAS TO SEEK SUSTAINABLE ADAPTATION TO THE DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION OF HOUSING AFFECTED BY PAST AND FUTURE FLOODING EVENTS.


CONCEPT DIAGRAM OF THE MAIN PROBLEM, CONSEQUENCES AND PROPOSED SOLUTIONS OD EL VERGER 2007 FLOODS


RIVER OVERFLOWED – FLASH FLOOD

NEXT DAY – DAMAGES AND CONSEQUENCES

VALENCIA CLIMATE ANALYSIS IN TWO DIFFERENT SCENARIOS (PRESENT AND A1B SCENARIO IN 2050) + CATASTROPHE PICTURES


1 st Solution: Move houses away + Green areas around the river

2 nd Solution: Adapt and Retrofit existing houses

Case Study 1

1955

Case Study 2

URBAN PLAN AND SECTIONS OF EL VERGER INDICATING FLOOD ZONES BY COLOUR, TWO PROPOSED SOLUTIONS AND TWO CASE STUDIES


1 st Case Study: Terraced Single-Family House (Refurbished after the floods)

2 nd Case Study: Terraced Apartment Building (Only refurbished GF)

FIELDWORK CARRIED OUT INTO THE CASE STUDIES + DATA LOGGER GRAPH WITH RELATIVE HUMIDITY ON TWO REPRESENTATIVE DAY


STRATEGIES TABLE WHICH SUMMERIZES THE MAIN PROBLEMS, STRATEGIES FOLLOWED AND REASONS TO BE BASED ON


FLOOD RESISTANCE STRATEGY DRAWINGS (PLAN, ELEVATIONS AND SECTION) INTO TERRACED SINGLE-FAMILY HOME CASE STUDY


FLOOD RESILIENCE STRATEGY DRAWINGS (PLAN, ELEVATION AND SECTION) INTO THE TERRACED APARTMENT BUILDING CASE STUDY


Present Ventilation Strategies

Daylight factor and sun rays

Proposal

CURRENT AND PROPOSED SECTIONS WITH DAYLIGHT FACTOR PERCENTAGES AND SOLAR RADIATION PLOTTED + VENTILATION STRATEGIES


THERMAL PERFORMANCE IN SOME OF THE INTERIOR ROOMS OF THE TERRACED APARTMENT BUILDING CASE STUDY (10-17TH JANUARY AND 20-27TH JULY) SOFTWARE â&#x20AC;&#x201C; TAS MANAGER


VIRTUAL IMAGES OF THE PROPOSED FLOOD RESILIENCE DESIGN FOR CASE STUDY 2: TERRACED APARMTNET BUILDING, WITH AND WITHOUT FLOOD WATER


Performance of Commercial Buildings Representative of Modernist Architecture in SĂŁo Paulo: Evaluation of Italia Building under Ergonomic Approach


LATITUDES GLOBAL EXHIBITION JULY/2018 SÃO PAULO/BRAZIL FAU - USP Sheila Regina Sarra Prof.ª Dr.ª Roberta Consentino Kronka Mülfarth 2018 The central idea of this research was to study the architectonic solutions used in modernist buildings, designed between 1930 and 1965, in São Paulo, under current conditions of use.


This is a starting point to uphold a new architectural pattern for commercial buildings, increasing the value of passive techniques and the concept of adaptive model.


ITALIA BUILDING


ITALIA BUILDING


THE MODEL OF ITALIA BUILDING

40 STORY TOWER

8 STORY SIDE BLOCKS

4 STORY BASE


CONSTRUCTIVE STRATEGIES IN ITALIA BUILDING

INDEPENDENT STRUCTURE

CONCRETE CONSTRUCTION

WIDE OPENINGS

FLEXIBLE SPACES

BRISE SOLEIL

NATURAL VENTILATION

MULTIPLE FAÃ&#x2021;ADE ORIENTATIONS


LOCATION POINTS OF REFERENCE: •

REPUBLIC SQUARE

ITALIA BUILDING

COPAN


MATERIAL AND METHOD

MATERIAL: 9 OFFICES IN ITALIA BUILDING

METHOD: DATA WAS COLLECTED IN 3 STAGES

PROJECT ANALYSIS

ERGONOMIC EVALUATION

COMPUTER SIMULATION


FACTORS THAT AFFECTED THE RESULTS

INTERNAL CONDITIONS

OPEN-PLAN OFFICE OR CELLULAR OFFICE NATURAL VENTILATION OR AIR CONDITIONING OCCUPATION DENSITY LAYOUT USERS’ CONDITIONS

EXTERNAL FACTORS

FAÇADE ORIENTATION FLOOR IMMEDIATE SURROUNDINGS: SHADING NOISE


OFFICE A

INTERNAL CONDITIONS

EXTERNAL FACTORS

OPEN-PLAN: VISUAL CONTACT

FAÇADES TO NW AND NE

AIR-CONDITIONING

33º FLOOR

6M²/WORKSTATION

NO EXTERNAL SHADINGS

WELL-BALANCED LAYOUT

BRISE SOLEIL: INSUFFICIENT

USERS MAY NOT INTERFERE IN THE FACILITIES

NATURAL LIGHT: GLARE


OFFICE A

INTERNAL CONDITIONS

EXTERNAL FACTORS


OFFICE B

INTERNAL CONDITIONS

EXTERNAL FACTORS

CELLULAR OFFICE

FAÇADES TO SW AND SE

AIR-CONDITIONING AND NATURAL VENTILATION

32º FLOOR

5 A 14 M²/WORKSTATION

VARIABLE LAYOUT NOT ALL USERS MAY INTERFERE IN THE FACILITIES

NO EXTERNAL SHADINGS

BRISE SOLEIL: INSUFFICIENT NATURAL LIGHT: GLARE IN SOME ENVIRONMENTS

ABSENCE OF NATURAL LIGHT IN OTHERS


OFFICE B

INTERNAL CONDITIONS


OFFICE C

INTERNAL CONDITIONS

EXTERNAL FACTORS

OPEN-PLAN OFFICE

FAÇADES TO SW

NATURAL VENTILATION

5º FLOOR

12 M²/WORKSTATION

EXTERNAL SHADINGS

NOT WELL-BALANCED LAYOUT ALL USERS MAY INTERFERE IN THE FACILITIES

PROXIMITY TO OTHER BUILDINGS POOR NATURAL LIGHT POOR VENTILATION HOT AND UNPLEASANT


OFFICE C EXTERNAL FACTORS


TO MAKE A BETTER USE OF THE MODERNIST BUILDINGS IT IS NECESSARY TO ADAPTATE THEIR LAYOUT AND OPERATING MODEL TO THE PASSIVE STRATEGIES OF THE ORIGINAL ARCHITECTURE PROJECT AND TO THE TRENDS OF THE REAL STATE OFFICE MARKET


THE ENVIRONMENTAL RETROFIT OF BUILDINGS WHICH APPLIES ADAPTIVE STRATEGIES, REDUCES PAVED SURFACES, CREATES MORE INTERIOR COURTYARDS, ETC. CAN SIGNIFICANTLY IMPROVE COMFORT AND REDUCE RISKS OF FLOOD; AND, MOST IMPORTANTLY, WITHOUT RELOCATION OF LOCAL INHABITANTS.


“ARCHITECTURAL REQUALIFICATION GUIDELINES FOR AFFORDABLE HOUSING IN EXISTING BUILDINGS IN SAO PAULO”


latitude_23°32’56’’S city/country_São Paulo/Brazil university_University of São Paulo author_Monica dos Santos Dolce Uzum supervisor_Joana Carla Soares Gonçalves year_2018

ARCHITECTURAL REQUALIFICATION GUIDELINES FOR AFFORDABLE HOUSING IN EXISTING BUILDINGS IN SAO PAULO


THE THERMAL PERFORMANCE OF AFFORDABLE HOUSING IN EXISTING BUILDINGS FROM THE PERIOD OF 1930 AND 1964 IN THE CITY CENTRE OF SAO PAULO: ANALYTICAL STUDIES OF COMPUTATIONAL SIMULATIONS FOR ARCHITECTURAL REQUALIFICATION GUIDELINES


VIEW OF SAO PAULO CITY CENTRE_photo: monica dolce


Republica District

Brazil Sao Paulo State

Sao Paulo City

LOCALIZATION OF BUILDINGS SAMPLING


FACADES OF BUILDINGS SAMPLING


MONTREAL BUILDING SAMPLE

CONSTRUCTION TECHINIQUES

EXTERNAL WALL

U= 1,61 W/m2°K

INTERNAL FLOOR

LEARNING OF BUILDINGS SAMPLING

DIFERENTS ORIENTATIONS DIFERENTS TYPES OF OBSTRUCTION SAME CONSTRUCTION TECHNIQUES SAME TYPE PLAN: STUDIO POSSIBILITY FOR CROSS VENTILATION

ROOF

U= 2,20W/m2°K


REPRESENTATIVE MODEL


50% aperture

July

March

January 70% aperture

50% aperture

50% aperture

TE<20°C

TE<20°C

TE<20°C

TE<20°C

20°C<TE<30°C

20°C<TE<30°C

20°C<TE<30°C

20°C<TE<30°C

TE>30°C

TE>30°C

TE>30°C

TE>30°C

REPRESENTATIVE MODEL - APERTURE WINDOW INPUTS

10% aperture

2,3% aperture


EXPOSITURE

EXPOSITURE AND OBSTRUCTION


EXAMPLE OF RESULTS


EXAMPLE OF RESULTS


BACK TO THE WINDOW: THE ENVIRONMENTAL PERFORMANCE OF ADAPTIVE FENESTRATION IN HOTHUMID CLIMATE.


latitude_19°04’33’’ ; 16°41’28’’ city/country_Mumbai & Kolhapur, India university_University of Westminster, U.K author_Sharmeen Khan supervisors_Rosa Schiano-Phan, Nasser Golzari, Benson Lau year_2017-21

RESEARCH!


THE AIM OF THIS RESEARCH IS TO PORTRAY ‘WINDOW’ AS AN ADAPTIVE TOOL, SINCE IT HAS THE POTENTIAL TO CREATE DIVERSITY, FLEXIBILITY AND SOCIAL INTERACTION ALONG WITH PROVIDING THERMAL AND VISUAL COMFORT FOR ITS USERS.


THE CONTEMPORARY URBAN BUILT FORM, MUMBAI


Window – For View Outside

WINDOWS - THE URBAN BUILT FORM, MUMBAI

Window – As Storage Space


Window – As Drying Space

WINDOWS – APARTMENT BUILDING, MUMBAI

Window – For Light & Ventilation


Courtyards â&#x20AC;&#x201C; that act as a space to socialize as well as helps in achieving cross ventilation.

CHAWLS, MUMBAI


WINDOWS â&#x20AC;&#x201C; CHAWLS, MUMBAI Window + Ventilator + Door Concept


In wadas, the composition and design of windows changes with every level.

WADA, KOLHAPUR


WADA, KOLHAPUR

It was observed that apart from the main purpose of providing the users with natural ventilation and daylight, there were various other factors that contributed to the way windows are used in all 3 typologies, such as: 1. To maintain privacy (Addition of curtains / blinds etc. 2. In providing security (Addition of metal grills). 3. Protection from birds/insects (mosquito nets, bird nets). 4. Windows act as storage spaces 5. Windows widely act as drying spaces in most homes in India.


THIS IS AN ONGOING RESEARCH AND THROUGH THIS STUDY THERE IS A HOPE TO SHIFT THE FOCUS FROM MECHANICAL SYSTEMS AND MAKE AN EMPHASIS ON WINDOW AS A COMFORT REGULATING ADAPTIVE TOOL, TO PROVIDE THE USERS WITH THE FLEXIBILITY TO CONTROL THEIR INDOOR ENVIRONMENT AND SYNCHRONIZE WITH THE OUTDOOR WEATHER CONDITIONS.


â&#x20AC;&#x153;Re-inhabiting the City: bringing new life to city centres of emerging economies in a changing climate: The case of Sao Pauloâ&#x20AC;?


latitude 23° são paulo/brasil university of são paulo, university of nottingham, university of birmingham carolina oliveira bley, daniel ferrara bilesky, guilherme reis, joana carla soares gonçalves, lauren andres, leonardo marques monteiro, lucélia rodrigues, mariana silveira vitti, peter kraftl, ranny l. x. n. michalski, renata tubelo, roberta c. k. mulfarth 2017-2018

RESEARCH!


“ THE RE-INHABITING THE CITY PROJECT IS FOCUSED ON THE SUPPORT OF ENVIRONMENTALLY AND SOCIALLY SUSTAINABLE REOCCUPATION OF UNDERUSED SPACES IN SÃO PAULO’S CITY CENTRE, PREPARING FOR A LARGER PROJECT OF BOTTOM-UP, TRANSDISCIPLINARY APPROACH.”


REFERENCE: SOCIAL-ECONOMIC ACTIVITIES OF BRIXTON POP-UP, EAST SUBTITLE (KEEP SIZE, TYPE, COLORâ&#x20AC;¦) LONDON


REFERENCE: SOCIAL ECONOMIC ACTIVITIES OF BRIXTON ARCHES, EAST LONDON

SUBTITLE (KEEP SIZE, TYPE, COLOR…) SUBTITLE (KEEP SIZE, TYPE, COLOR…)


VIEW OF THE DERILICTED GROUND CONDITIONS OF TYPICAL URBAN SUBTITLE SIZE, TYPE,CENTRE COLOR…) OF SÃO BLOCKS IN(KEEP THE CITY PAULO.


SUBTITLE (KEEPOF SIZE,THE TYPE,UNEVEN COLOR…) OVERVIEW BUILT ENVIRONMENT OF A TYPICAL URBAN BLOCK IN THE CITY CENTRE OF SÃO PAULO


THE CULTURAL AND CLIMATIC OPPORTUNITY FOR BEING OUTDOORS

SUBTITLE (KEEP SIZE, TYPE, COLORâ&#x20AC;¦)


CULTURAL COMPLEX IN THE CITY CENTRE: THE CONTAINER THEATHER, OPENED TOSIZE, ALL (NON-GOVERNAMENTAL ORGANIZATION). SUBTITLE (KEEP TYPE, COLORâ&#x20AC;¦)


PLAY-GROUND OF THE CONTAINER THEATHER, OPENED TO THE LOCAL KIDS SUBTITLE (KEEP SIZE, TYPE, COLORâ&#x20AC;¦)


“ESTABLISHING POTENTIAL FOR CHANGE: INSTITUTIONAL COOPERATION TO ESTABLISH A FRAMEWORK TO PROVIDE URBAN RESILIENCE THROUGH REGENERATION OF THE BUILT ENVIRONMENT AND IMPROVEMENT OF COMMUNITY´S SOCIAL ENGAGGEMENT, CULTURE AND QUALITY OF LIFE.” https://www.reinhabitingthecity.com/teamequipe.html


TOWARDS NEARLY ZERO ENERGY BUILDINGS IN LEBANON: BIOCLIMATIC DESIGN & EXPERIMENTAL STRATEGIES


latitude_34°23’20’’ city/country_Beirut/Lebanon university_University of Westminster, U.K. author_Philippe H. Saleh supervisors_ Dr. Rosa Schiano-Phan, Dr. Colin Gleeson year_2014-18

DESIGN!


WHAT IS THE BEST THERMALLY PERFORMING WALL COMPOSITION (MATERIALITY AND CONSTRUCTION) PRODUCING MINIMAL INTERNAL OVERHEATING AND COOLING LOADS, FOR IMPROVED SUMMER COMFORT IN COASTAL LEBANON?


Western Express Highway

Western Line

Central Line

Eastern Express Highway

CONTEXT â&#x20AC;&#x201C; LEBANON CLIMATE


1st METHOD EXTENDED SUMMER TEMPERATURE MONITORING IN FOUR DIFFERENT APARTMENTS.


2nd METHOD SOFTWARE BASED SIMULATION & CALIBRATION.


Living

Clostra

BedRoom

Weighted

2nd METHOD SOFTWARE BASED SIMULATION & CALIBRATION

Rounds

5 /Week 32

5b /Week 40

CVRMSE

15.9

22.3

NMBE

-1.2

-1.7

CVRMSE

4.5

17.5

NMBE

0.4

-1.4

CVRMSE

7.7

9.1

NMBE

-0.6

-0.7

9.4 -0.5

16.3 -1.3

CVRMSE NMBE


3rd METHOD THREE TEST CELLS WITH DIFFERENT DOUBLE WALLS AND INSULATION CONFICGURATION BUILT AND SUMMER TEMPERATURE MONITORED


3rd METHOD THREE TEST CELLS WITH DIFFERENT DOUBLE WALLS AND INSULATION CONFICGURATION BUILT AND SUMMER TEMPERATURE MONITORED


COMPARATIVE RESULTS OF THE DIFFERENT METHODS USED


UN-INSULATED DOUBLE MASONRY WALLS HAVE SHOWN MINIMUM OVERHEATING, FOLLOWED BY AN EXTERNALLY INSULATED WALL WITH A 40% DIFFERENCE IN OVERHEATING DEGREE-HOURS, DUE TO THE FACT THAT UN-INSULATED HEAVYWEIGHT CAN STORE AND RELEASE HEAT MORE FREELY THAN INSUALTED.

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LATITUDES GLOBAL EXHIBITION - RESEARCH CATEGORY  

The LATITUDES GLOBAL EXHIBITION was curated by the Brazilian architect Eduardo Pizarro (https://www.eduardopizarro.com/) and digitally launc...

LATITUDES GLOBAL EXHIBITION - RESEARCH CATEGORY  

The LATITUDES GLOBAL EXHIBITION was curated by the Brazilian architect Eduardo Pizarro (https://www.eduardopizarro.com/) and digitally launc...

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