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LATITUDES LATITUDES GLOBAL GLOBAL EXHIBITION EXHIBITION


curated by Eduardo Pizarro exhibited at CEPT University, in Ahmedabad, India, July 2018

FAUUSP,

Sao Paulo, Brazil, August 2018

MEASI Academy of Architecture, Chennai, India, September 2018

University of Westminster, London, UK, September 2018


local curators Urvi Desai and Hiren Patel [CEPT University] Eduardo Pizarro and Joana Gonรงalves [FAUUSP] Altaf Ahmed, Monsingh David Devadas and Joseph Thomas [MEASI Academy of Architecture] Lucy Anne McWeeney, Mehrdad Borna and Rosa Schiano-Phan [University of Westminster]

academic committee

Rosa Schiano-Phan [University of Westminster] Joana Gonรงalves [FAUUSP] Mehrdad Borna [University of Westminster] Eduardo Pizarro [FAUUSP]

sponsored by the University of Westminster


the Latitudes Global Exhibition unveils research and design experiences developed in Partner Universities in Ahmedabad, Bologna, Chennai, London and Sao Paulo, and collected through an open call drawn to celebrate the achievements of the Latitudes Network’s academic community throughout the years. This catalogue summarizes the 57 works submitted in two categories:

RESEARCH CATEGORY DESIGN CATEGORY


DESIGN CATEGORY


the Latitudes Global Exhibition is composed by 33 Design Experiences submitted by students from CEPT University [Ahmedabad], FAUUSP [Sao Paulo], MEASI Academy of Architecture [Chennai], University of Bologna [Bologna] and University of Westminster [London]. The entries were assessed by an international jury and acknowledged as follows:

1ST PRIZE 2ND PRIZE 3RD PRIZE + TWO MENTIONS + FIVE SHORTLISTED + OTHER SUBMISSIONS


1ST PRIZE DESIGN CATEGORY


“KHADI WEAVERS’ PLACE”


latitude_23°03’44’’ city/country_Ahmedabad/India university_CEPT University authors_Viral Mehta supervisors_Leo Pereira, Uday Andhare, Kiran Pandya year_2018

DESIGN!


“SIMPLICITY, TRUENESS OF THE STRUCTURE, HONESTY OF MATERIALS AND MINIMAL.”


SPIRIT OF PLACE


ELEMENTS


YOU MAY INSERT UP TO 10 SLIDES WITH IMAGES + SUBTITLES. NO MORE TEXTS!

OLD VADAJ, AHMEDABAD


STRATEGIES


MODULES AND ARRAGEMENT


ROOF


INTERVENTION PLANS


INTERVENTION SECTIONS


DETAILS


INSIDE-OUTSIDE


“IF ARCHITECTURE IS A PROCESS OF STIMULATING ARTIFICIAL EXPERIENCE THROUGH SPACE, WHY EVEN MATERIALS USED TO MAKE THAT SPACE HAVE TO BE ARTIFICIAL? ALTHOUGH, WHEN WE DISCUSS ARCHITECTURE; WE OFTEN TALK ABOUT EXPERIENCE, WHICH IS NATURAL IN ITS KIND.”


2ND PRIZE DESIGN CATEGORY


SUSTAINABLE RAILWAY ARCHITECTURE IN CAMEROON


latitude_3°87’N,11°51’E’’ city/country_Yaounde, Cameroon university_The University of Westminster authors_Daniel N Buban Ngu supervisors_Rosa Schiano-Phan year_2016

DESIGN!


THIS STUDY PROPOSES AN EXEMPLARY DESIGN OF A SUSTAINABLE TRAIN STATION MODEL THAT COULD BE REPLICATED THROUGHOUT THE COUNTRY.


SUSTAINABLE RAILWAY ARCHITECTURE IN CAMEROON


CLIMATE COMARISONS, ANALYSIS AND PROJECTIONS, THE RESULTING DESIGN GOALS AND PROPOSAL


Ngaoundere, 1975

Douala, 1969

Yaounde, 1968

UNDERSTANDING AFRICAN MODERNISM – ANALYSING THE EXISTING TRAIN STATIONS OF CAMEROON


2

1

1

3 5 6 4

2

1. Platform 2. Ticket Office 3. Main Hall 4. Staff Offices 5. Parking 6. Market

2

3 1

ANALYSIS OF EXISTING STATIONS

4


Moundang

Pygmy

Mofu

Kotoko

Musgum

Tikar

Foulbe

Bantu

CULTURAL AND REGIONAL ARCHITECTURAL ANALYSIS REGION ADAPTIVE DESIGN – EXAMPLE OF ALTERNATIVE DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION IN NORTHERN REGIONS

Fulani

Baumam


Sun rays

Stratification of hot air MATERIALS DEPEND ON REGION

Cross ventilation in hot humidzone

Cooler shaded courtyard earth absorbs heat

LOCAL MATERIALS USED

Fully open windows at night in both zones to allow for ventilation

REGION ADAPTIVE DESIGN – CHANGE IN PRIMARY MATERIALS BASED ON REGION

Release of earth heat at night via re-radiation


CONCLUSION – FINAL DESIGN


THE PROPOSED MODEL WAS ULTIMATELY ONE WHICH WAS CLIMATE ADAPTIVE WITHOUT LOSING TOO MUCH OF THE CULTURAL IDENTITY FOUND THROUGHOUT THE COUNTRY. THE MATERIALS ARE LOCAL AND THE SIMPLICITY IN THE DESIGN MEANS THE STRUCTURES COULD EASILY BE ERECTED BY THE DIFFERENT LOCAL COMMUNITIES


3RD PRIZE DESIGN CATEGORY


“PUBLIC | SHARED | PRIVATE. A MIXED-USE COMPLEX IN THE AREA EX-MERCATO ORTOFRUTTICOLO IN BOLOGNA”


latitude_44°30’27’’ city/country_Bologna / Italy university_University of Bologna authors_Gianluca Bertoli, Marco Marchetti, Giulia Turci supervisor_Prof. Jacopo Gaspari year_2018


“Mixité, flexibility and energy efficiency are the basic principles that have led to the choice to create a building in which public, shared and private spaces follow each other in a fluid and dynamic way, ensuring a gradual transition.”


MANIFACTURING AREAS


PROJECT AREA


CONCEPT


PUBLIC SPACES


PUBLIC SPACES


SHARED SPACES


SHARED SPACES


PRIVATE SPACES


PRIVATE SPACES


NZEB BUILDING


“IN A CONTEXT WHERE ENVIRONMENTAL SUSTAINABILITY AND SOIL MANAGEMENT PERFORM A KEY ROLE FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF OUR CITIES, THE RECOVERY OF DISMISSED MANIFACTURING AREAS IS RELEVANT NOW MORE THAN EVER.”


MENTION

DESIGN CATEGORY


UNIFESP’S INSTITUTE OF LEGAL SCIENCES WILTON PAES DE ALMEIDA BUILDING RETROFIT


latitude_23°32’51’’S city/country_São Paulo/Brazil university_University of São Paulo authors_Amanda Ferreira, Larissa Luiz, Renan Kolda and Rose Raad supervisors_Joana Carla S. Gonçalves year_2017

DESIGN!


The focus of this project was requalify a modernist building in SĂŁo Paulo to shelter a faculty of law using passive strategies to improve energetic performance. The main goal was design a sustainable building full of light and air that provide us a healthier, friendly and comfortable life.


BUILDING PERSPECTIVE


PRODUCTION OF ENERGY AND REDUCTION IN EMISSION OF CO²


ACTION OF ENVIRONMENTAL VARIABLES ON THE VOLUMETRY OF THE BUILDING


ORGANIZATION OF INTERNAL SPACES


CIRCULATION OF THE AIR BY OPENINGS AND BRISES


SHADING FACADE

CONTRIBUTION OF FACADE SHADING ON HEAT REDUCTION


ILLUMINANCE SIMULATION


VIEWS OF THE INTERNAL SPACES


THE BUILDING IN THE URBAN CONTEXT


THE PROJECT SHOWS THAT THE RETROFIT OF THIS BUILDING CAN INCREASE THE ENERGETIC EFFICIENCY AND ENVIRONMENTAL PERFORMANCE COMPARED TO THE ORIGINAL USE, BESIDES ALLOWING THE PRESERVATION OF A CONSTRUCTION THAT REFLECTS THE MEMORY AND THE CHARACTERISTICS OF A MODERN ARCHITECTURE FROM SÃO PAULO.


MENTION

DESIGN CATEGORY


REDEVELOPMENT OF AN ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS RESEARCH CENTRE, NAINITAL (HILLSTATION)


latitude_13°.08’N city/country_ Chennai/India university_ Measi Academy of Architecture ( Anna University) author_Ankita Alessandra Bob supervisor_Dr. Monsingh David Devadas year_B.arch 5Th Year 2018

DESIGN!


THE AIM IS TO PROVIDE A HOLISTIC ENVIRONMENT FOR ASTRONOMY AND ASTRO-PHYSICS WHICH INCLUDES THE INSTITUTE AND HOUSING FOR SCIENTISTS+ENERGY EFFICIENT METHODS FOR HEATING AS THE CLIMATE CAN BE COLD AND HARSH DURING WINTERS.


LOCATION:NAINITAL ALT: +2084m above MSL LAT: 29.395 ° N

HOUSING

INSTITUTE


CONCEPTUAL SKETCHES . . .

VIEWS . . . . . .


HOUSING UNITS HEATED BY RADIANT HEATING SYSTEM USING SOLAR HEATED WATER IN COPPER PIPINGS

+ EXTRACT HEAT FROM SOIL LAYER BELOW

HOUSING -SECTION


DETAILS


GALLERY FLOOR PLANS

INSTITUTE FLOOR PLANS


EXPLODED VIEWS


• EXTRACTING HEAT FROM SOLAR SOURCE AND SOIL SURFACE BELOW (GEOTHERMAL HEAT) AND TRANSFERRING IT TO THE BUILDING STRUCTURE VIA COPPER TUBES • BUILDING DESIGNED TO PREVENT LOSS OF HEAT


DESIGN CATEGORY


SHORTLISTED DESIGN CATEGORY


oVALE


latitude_23°55’05’’ city/country_Sao Paulo/ Brazil university_University of Westminster authors_Noemi Futas supervisors_R. Schiano-Phan, J. Goncalves, B. Lau year_2018

DESIGN!


oVALE IS A CONTEMPORARY LANDMARK IN THE DENSE CENTRE OF SAO PAULO, THAT CREATES THERMAL AND SOCIAL COMFORTABLE SPACE BY MUTUAL INTERACTION BETWEEN BUILDING, ENVIRONMENT AND USER AS WELL AS PASSIVE DESIGN STRATEGIES.


RUA DA CONSOLACAO 2336, SAO PAULO RESIDENTIAL BUILDING IN HUMID-SUB TROPICAL CLIMATE


CLIMATE & MICROCLIMATE ANALYSIS


DESIGN GOALS


DESIGN DEVELOPMENT, STRATEGIES AND ENVIRONMENTAL PERFORMANCE


FINAL ELEVATIONS AND FLAT TYPES


THERMAL COMFORT - OUTDOOR


THE VALLEY - oVALE


BEING AN ARCHITECT WHO BELIEVES IN AESTHETICAL, BIOCLIMATIC ARCHITECTURE, I TRIED TO INTEGRATE THE DESIGN OF COMFORTABLE, DELIGHTING SPACE WITH THE ENVIRONMENTAL AND SOCIAL UNDERSTANDING OF THE SITE. THE RESULT IS A PLEASANT AND FREERUNNING BUILDING AT HUMAN SCALE.


SHORTLISTED DESIGN CATEGORY


DWELLING IN THE DESERT: PROJECT OF A RESIDENTIAL PROTOTYPE FOR THE SOLAR DECATHLON MIDDLE EAST


latitude_25°16’11’’ city/country_Dubai/United Arab Emirates University_University of Bologna Authors_Teresa Cancellari / Giulia Corazzi / Vincenzo Vodola supervisors_Jacopo Gaspari Year_2017

DESIGN!


OUR WORK AS ARCHITECTS AND DESIGNERS CAN HAVE A SIGNIFICANT IMPACT ON A GLOBAL SCALE. IT'S TIME FOR A CHANGE, IT'S TIME TO RETHINK AND CHALLENGE THE DESIGN PROCESS, IT'S TIME TO RAISE OUR AWARENESS.


THE DESIGN PROCESS POSTER


THE USE OF BPS TO SUPPORT ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN


VARIABLE CONFIGURATION

WINTER SCENARIO

WIND CORRIDORS

SUMMER SCENARIO

WINTER SCENARIO

SUMMER SCENARIO


NOWADAYS ARCHITECTS ADDITIONALLY HAVE TO FACE ENVIRONMENTAL AND CLIMATIC ISSUES. RESEARCH MUST BECOME WIDE AND DIVERSE IN ORDER TO FIND SOLUTIONS THROUGH BOTH TRADITIONAL AND INNOVATIVE TECHNIQUES. PROJECTS HAVE TO BE INSPIRED BY THE FEATURES OF THE SPECIFIC ENVIRONMENT AND BECOME AN INTEGRANT PART OF IT.


SHORTLISTED DESIGN CATEGORY


CARTAS ALTAS


latitude_23°55’05’’ city/country_Sao Paulo/ Brazil university_University of Westminster authors_Simona Bukowska supervisors_R. Schiano-Phan, J. Goncalves, B. Lau, year_2018

DESIGN!


THIS MULTI-STOREY RESIDENTIAL BUILDING DESIGN IN SAO PAULO IS ECO-FRIENDLY, EFFICIENT AND ADRESSES THE PRESENT AND FUTURE NEEDS OF THE LOCAL PEOPLE WHILST FITTING IN THE RICH ARCHITECTURAL TRADITION OF THE PLACE.


MULTI-STOREY RESIDENTIAL BUILDING IN SAO PAULO - STRATEGIES


Copan11111

ICONIC BUILDINGS Italian building Bradesco Nova Central

Copan Ipiranga 165 STREETS 5. Maj. Sertorio

6. Benito Freitas 7. Epitacio Pesso

SITE INTRUDUCTION

8. Ipiranga


SITE

HIDE THE BLANK FASADE

KEEP DISTANCE FROM WINDOWS

DO NOT OVERSHADOW AND HIDE FROM EAST SUN

GOOD VIEW ON ICONIC BUILDINGS

CREATION OF THE FORM

COOLING THROUGH WIND

COOLING THROUGH COURTYARDS

GREENERY AND SUSTAINABLE SYSTEMS


SITE PREDICTIONS OF HOW THE BUILDING WOULD BE AFFECTED BY SUN AND NEIGHBOURS

SITE

SITE 88.88°

SUN ALTITUDE

18.76° SUN AZIMUTH

SITE

75.89° SUN ALTITUDE

PRE-DESIGN STUDIES - SUMMER


SITE PREDICTIONS OF HOW THE BUILDING WOULD BE AFFECTED BY SUN AND NEIGHBOURS

SITE

SITE 43.02°

Roof garden with pool designed by Roberto Burle Marx

SUN ALTITUDE

3.58° SUN AZIMUTH 45.46°

PRE-DESIGN STUDIES - WINTER

SUN ALTITUDE


DESIGN OPTIMISATION - OUTDOOR


DESIGN OPTIMISATION - INDOOR


MASTER PLAN

COBOGO TILES COATED WITH TIO2

GROUND FLOOR IN CONTEXT

THE DESIGN


1 ACCESS TO RESIDENTIAL PART 2 ACCESS TO RETAIL AND OFFICES LEGENT: RETAILS OFFICES TOILETS STORAGES RUBBISH GARDEN GROUND FLOOR 485m2

LEVEL 3 780m2

THE DESIGN

LEVEL 1 AND 2 600m2

LEVEL 4 ROOF GARDEN


STUDIOS AND 1BEDROOMS

1B

1B S

LEVEL 5 LEVEL 8 LEVEL 14

1B

S

S

S

4 X STUDIOS

UPPER PART OF THE FLAT

LOWER PART OF THE FLAT

3BEDROOMS AND 4BEDROOMS

2B

2B 3B

THE DESIGN

LEVEL 6 AND 7 LEVEL 9 AND 10 LEVEL 12 AND 13

2B 4B

1 X 3BEDROOM 1 X 4BEDROOM


THE RESIDENTIAL CONSTRUCTION TREATS ITS RESIDENTS EQUALLY, BY GIVING EACH FLAT (EVEN STUDIOS): *A BALCONY *SAFE COMMUNAL GARDEN *ICONIC VIEWS *NEARBY AMENITIES *FRESH AIR *REDUCED BILLS FOR ELECTRICITY AND WATER


SHORTLISTED DESIGN CATEGORY


FROM FEET TO HEAD AND FROM HEAD TO FEET: FOR A FREEDOM ON FOOT! – A URBAN DESIGN OF SIDEWALK


latitude_23°32’56’’ city/country_são paulo/brazil university_fauusp authors_andré eiji sato supervisors_roberta consentino kronka mülfarth year_2016

DESIGN!


HERE, IT IS PROPOSED A DESIGN EXPERIENCE BASED ON A URBAN DESIGN OF SIDEWALK FOCUSING ON THE ERGONOMICS WITH SOCIAL-URBAN,ENVIRONMENTAL AND HISTORIC QUALITY AT LIBERDADE, SÃO PAULO, BRAZIL.


PICTURE TAKEN AT LIBERDADE, SP, BRAZIL


SCHEME EXPLAINING THE DESIGN


SCHEME OF THE USED DESIGN PRINCIPLES


SITE ANALYSIS


PHASE 1 - BEFORE


PHASE 1 - AFTER


PHASE 2 - BEFORE


PHASE 2 - AFTER


PHASE 3 - BEFORE


PHASE 3 - AFTER


THIS DESIGN EXPERIENCE WAS DONE TO CALL PEOPLE’S ATTENTION OF OUR OWN IMPORTANCE IN THE CITIES AS PEDESTRIANS. WALKABILITY NEEDS TO GAIN MORE IMPORTANCE IN THE URBAN DESIGN FIELD IN ORDER TO OBTAIN MORE LIVABLE AND SUSTAINABLE CITIES, GIVEN THE URBAN WORLD POPULATION TREND.


SHORTLISTED DESIGN CATEGORY


COMFORT-AIDED DESIGN FOR SUSTAINABLE RETROFITTING


latitude_44°30’27’’ city/country_Bologna/Italy University_University of Bologna Authors_Federico Cucchi / Giacomo Macrelli supervisors_Jacopo Gaspari Year_2017

DESIGN!


WE BELIVE IN A DESIGN APPROACH BASED ON MICROCLIMATE SIMULATIONS, THAT ASSESS INDOOR AND OUTDOOR COMFORT CONDITIONS TO DESIGN MORE SUSTAINABLE AND LIVEABLE BUILDINGS.


MESH DEFINITION FOR CFD ANALISYS


URBAN CHARACTERISTICS

ENVIRONMENTAL ANALYSIS

Historical passage

Volumetric difference

SOLAR RADIATION Lack of green

Incoherent block In relation with the context

Connections

SUN HOURS


BOLOGNINA DISTRICT

NEW EX-TELECOM BUILDING

OUTSIDE

IN-BETWEEN


VARIABLE CONFIGURATION

WINTER SCENARIO

WIND CORRIDORS

SUMMER SCENARIO

WINTER SCENARIO

SUMMER SCENARIO


COURTYARD

DESIGN PROCESS

PEDESTRIAN FLOW

WIND FLOW

GROUND FLOOR – DECEMBER 21

BEFORE

AFTER

SOUTH ELEVATION


WIND CORRIDORS

COMFORT-AIDED DESIGN

CLOSED WIND CORRIDORS

FIRST FLOOR – DECEMBER 21

OPEN WIND CORRIDORS

SEASONAL WIND CORRIDORS


SKYLIGHT

COMFORT-AIDED DESIGN WIND CORRIDOR DESIGN PROCESS

SKYLIGHT SIMULATION


2017

2020

2050

2100?


CAN THIS DESIGN APPROACH, APPLIED TO THE URBAN SCALE, MAKE OUR CITIES MORE LIVEABLE, COMFORTABLE AND RESILIENT PLACES?


DESIGN CATEGORY


OTHER ENTRIES DESIGN CATEGORY


“SUSTAINABLE MIXED USE DEVELOPEMENT IN CHENNAI, TAMILNADU”


latitude_13 ° 08’ N city/country_ Chennai/India university_ Measi Academy of Architecture ( Anna University) author_Agalya .S/Divya raga/Zameerul Iqbal supervisor_ Dr. Monsingh D Devadas & Ar.Anjali year_M.Arch (Gen) 1ST Year 2018

DESIGN!


“ THE DESIGN IS AIMED TO PROVIDE A SELF-SUSTAINABLE TOWNSHIP UNDERSTANDING THE MERITS OF THE SITE.”


SITE PLAN THE DESIGN CONCEPT WERE MAINLY FOCUSSED ON SUN PATH AND WIND DIRECTION , ALSO CONSIDERING THE EXISTING SITE FEATURES(CONTOURS,NALLA,VEGETAT ION)


SITE PLAN THE ORIENTATION OF THE BUILDINGS RESPONDS TO THE WIND DIRECTION AND THE SUNPATH ,WITH AN ANGLE TILTED AT 10DEG. FROM ORIGINAL NORTH. THE CENTRAL ZONE HAS BEEN DENSIFIED WITH TALL STRUCTURES AND GRADUALLY LOWERS TOWARDS SOUTH. TO MAKE IT MORE SUSTAINABLE,THE TOWNSHIP HAS BEEN DESIGNED MORE PEDESTRIAN FRIENDLY IN SUCH A WAY THE TALL STRUCTURES SHADE THE PEDESTRIAN PATH AND THE BOULEVARDS IN THE PEDESTRIAN PATH ENHANCES TO THE STREET CHARACTER.


THE VILLA HAS BEEN DESIGNED WITH COURTYARD THAT EXTENDS AND CONNECTS TO THE EXTERNAL VEGETATION

TYPOLOGY : VILLA


TYPOLOGY : MEDIUM INCOME GROUP APPARTMENTS

TYPOLOGY :MIDDLE INCOME GROUP


TYPOLOGY : SCHOOL TYPOLOGY :SCHOOL


SUSTAINABLE MIXED USE TOWER TYPOLOGY: 3BHK and 4 BHK APPARTMENTS FLOOR PLAN , EXTERIOR AND INTERIOR VIEW


SECTION & ELEVATION APPARTMENT BLOCK


FLOW DESIGN ANALYSIS OF THE APPARTMENT BLOCK


“THE DESIGN IS PRESENTED USING

FLOW DESIGN AND ECOTECT SOFTWARE TO DERIVE A CLIMATE RESPONSIVE SOLUTION. THE

INDIVIDUAL TYPOLOGIES ARE STUDIED UNDER THE SOFTWARE TO ARRIVE AT BEST POSSIBLE SOLUTION”


ADAPTIVE RETROFIT OF PROTECTED BUILDINGS IN THE KASBAH OF ALGIERS


latitude_36°47'08.5" city/country_Algiers, Algeria university_The University of Westminster authors_Samy Firad supervisors_Nasser Golzari – Kartikeya Rajput year_2018

DESIGN!


VERNACULAR ARCHITECTURE HAS CONTINOUSLY EVOLVED FOLLOWING OCCUPANTS’ NEEDS, BUT CURRENT REFURBISHMENT PRACTICES HOLD HISTORICAL CITIES IN THE PAST, HINDERING A NEED FOR TRUE RETROFIT AND ADAPTION TO NEW CONDITIONS AND TO CLIMATIC CHANGE.


THE MEDINA IS PROTECTED FROM THE DUSTY SOUTH WEST WIND AND FACE THE SEA BREEZE


3 STOREY BUILDING TYPICAL BUILDING SUBSTRACT PRINCIPLES AND STRATEGIES FROM

200m

The Casbah Gate 1912, Henri Matisse •

TWO STOREY MODIFIED BUILDING TO BE RETROFITED

CASE STUDIES: THE METHODOLOGY CONSIST ON EXTRACTING PRINCIPLES AND RECOMMENDATION FROM A TYPICAL BUILDING AND APPLYING A REVISITED VERSION ON THE NEW DESIGN

PROTECT FROM SOLAR RADIATIONS IS ESSENTIAL


FIRST FLOOR PLAN BEDS

WINDOW / FLOOR RATIO : • BEDROOM 11% • KITCHEN 5% • GALLERY 6%

GROUND FLOOR PLAN

VENTILATION OPENING / FLOOR RATIO : • BEDROOM 2% WINDOWS

COURTYARD / FLOOR RATIO : • BEDROOM 10%

COURTYARDS DOORS VENTILATION OPENINGS

BASEMENT FLOOR PLAN

STUDY OF A TYPICAL KASBAH BUILDING IN ORDER TO EXTRACT RECOMMENDATIONS AND RATIOS THAT WILL BE TESTED AND REAPPLIED IN THE NEW BUILDING


Troglodytes villages Douars in North Africa Baghdad Courtyard KASBAH OF ALGIERS

Los Angeles Patio Indian Courtyard

Chinese Courtyard

1

5

5

10

10

15 m²

60

100

100 - 140

Greek Peristyle

Roman Atrium

Northern Europe Courtyard

THE COURTYARD HAS ALWAYS BEEN AROUND…IS THERE A TYPE OF COURTYARD MORE SUITED FOR OUR CLIMATE ? THE COURTYARD / BUILDING RATIO IN THE KASBAH OF ALGIERS STAYS AROUND 10%

140

-

+


URBAN CANYON

TURBULANCE

SEA BREEZE

URBAN

FABRIC


AIR MOVEMENT SHADED AND COOL PATHWAY COOL AND DENSE AIR WITH HIGHER PRESSURE

CONVECTION

LIGHTER WARM AIR IN THE COURTYARD

1.5 – 2

SOLAR RADIATION’S EXPOSITION SEQUENCES TO CREATE AN AIR FLOW THE ORIENTATION OF A COURTYARD AND ITS IMPACT ON THE TEMPERATURE OF WEST FACING INTERIOR SURFACES.

0.8 – 3.2

2–4

4 – 5.6

4–6

6 – 7.2


HOW CAN WE ADAPT THE KASBAH BUILDINGS TO THE NEEDS AND CHANGES OF OUR TIME? THE CHALLENGE IN DESIGNING A BUILDING IN A WORLD HERITAGE CITY IS TO FIND THE BALANCE BETWEEN TRADITION AND INNOVATION IN THE FACE OF THE ENVIRONMENTAL, SOCIAL AND CLIMATIC CHANGES AHEAD.


“SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN JESHTWARI, UTTARAKHAND”


latitude_13 ° 08’ N city/country_ Chennai/India university_ Measi Academy of Architecture ( Anna University) author_Amhrithavalli.M supervisor_Dr. Monsingh David Devadas year_B.arch 5Th Year 2018

DESIGN!


“TO STUDY THE VERNACULAR STYLE OF ARCHITECTURE THAT EXISTS IN UTTARAKHAND AND HOW THE NATIVE STYLE RESPONDS TO THE CLIMATE OF THE AREA ”


SITE PLAN

latitude_ 30 ° 06’ N altitude_ 7816 m Above sea level

SITE LOCATION - UTTARAKHAND


SUBTITLE (KEEP SIZE, TYPE, COLOR…)

SITE ANALYSIS

PROXIMITY ANALYSIS


IDENTIFYING NEEDS : DISPENSARY, COMMUNITY CENTRE, RESORT

SITE ZONING


CONSTRUCTION DETAILS


SITE SECTION


RESORT - VILLA 1


RESORT - VILLA 2


SCHOOL – SECTION

SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN JESHTWARI - UTTRAKHAND


SUBTITLE (KEEP SIZE, TYPE, COLOR…)


“THE VENACULAR STYLE OF UTTRAKHAND SUITS THE CLIMATE AND NEEDS OF PEOPLE TODAY AND FOR THE FUTURE. THE CONSTRUCTION INVOLVES LOCAL SKILLS AND LOCALLY AVAILABLE MATERIALS WHICH MAKES IT TRULY SUSTAINABLE ONE.


RRM ALPHA HOUSE IN GRANJA VIANA, SÃO PAULO, BRASIL


latitude_23°33’52’’ Cotia_ São Paulo_ Brasil University of São Paulo Authors_Studio Symbios_ arq. Juliana Pellegrini Mixed Structure_ Concrete and Metal_Ycon Engenharia_ eng. Yopanan Rebello Electrical and Hydraulic Engineering_Engeplot Area_448M2 / Site_551 M2 Year_2015

DESIGN!


“Designed for a couple with two young children, aiming to achieve: ENERGY EFFICIENCY – using passive strategies design for its microclimate zone, as natural light and cross ventilation. SUSTAINABILITY, the mixed structure (concrete and metal) hold a green roof and reuse of rainwater. ”


ENERGY EFFICIENCY - PASSIVE STRATEGIES – ENVIROMENTAL SITE LOCATION


ENERGY EFFICIENCY - PASSIVE STRATEGIES: NATURAL LIGHT AN D CROSS VENTILATIONC


SUSTAINABILITY : SOLAR WATER HEATEARS AND GREEN ROOF


SUSTAINABILITY WATER CYCLE: RAIN WATER REUSE


PLANTS LAYOUT:


SECTIONAL DRAWINGS:


VIEW FROM MAIN STREET _ ACCESSES OF PEOPLE AND CARS


VIEW OF THE BACK WARD WITH SWIMMING POOL


ENTRANCE HALL_WATER MIRROR


VIEW OF LIVING ROOM


MIXED-USE BUILDING IN PADDINGTON, LONDON


latitude_51°31’18’’ city/country_London/United Kingdom university_University of Sao Paulo authors_Amanda S. Ferreira; Barbara Iamauchi; Denis I. Shiki; Gabriel B. de A. Novaes; Íngrid Rabenda; Rose Raad supervisors_Joana Carla S. Gonçalves Roberta C. Kronka Mülfarth Leonardo Marques Monteiro year_2017


Mixed-use residential building using passive strategies to improve energetic performance, thermal and lighting comfort. The building design respects the surrounding area and guarantees accessibility in all internal areas.


1

view 1

SITE LOCATION

view 2

view 3


Co-Working Area

Residential Units

Leisure Area

Cafe

VOLUMETRY WITH INDICATION OF PROGRAMME

Residential common area


Ground Floor Top Floor

Standard Floor Plan

FLOOR PLAN LAYOUT


CONSTRUCTIVE STRATEGIES FOR ENVIRONMENTAL PERFORMANCE


CHARACTERISTICS OF THE ENVIRONMENTAL COMFORT OBTAINED WITH THE BUILDING DESIGN


The influence of the wall U-value on the space heating

HIGHLIGHT FOR THE BEST VALUES OF WALL CHARACTERISTICS


The influence of the window/floor ratio on the space heating

USEFUL DAY LIGHT SIMULATIONS TO DETERMINE THE BEST OPENING HEIGHT


The influence of the window/floor ratio on the space heating

HIGHLIGHT FOR THE BEST HEIGHT AND WINDOW/FLOOR RATIO


The influence of the use of the night shutter in the space heating

IMPORTANCE OF NIGHT SHUTTER IN REDUCING HEAT LOSS


INTERNAL VIEWS OF THE RESIDENTIAL UNIT AND NIGHT SHUTTER


CONSTRUCTION WORKSHOP BAMBOO PAVILION ST (1 YEAR UG)


latitude_13°.08’N city/country_ Chennai/India university_ Measi Academy of Architecture ( Anna University) Workshop _ B.Arch 1ST Year bamboo pavilion Supervisors_ Dr. Monsingh David Devadas Joseph N Thomas Dhivyashree

year _ 1ST Year B.Arch 2018 (Basic design)

DESIGN!


BAMBOO WORKSHOPENCOURAGING USE OF BAMBOO OVER WOOD IN CONSTRUCTION....


THE PAVILION CONSTRUCTION WORKSHOP FOR UG B.ARCH.FIRST YEAR WAS TO EXPLORE BAMBOO AS A VERSATILE MATERIAL TO BUILD A PAVILION .BAMBOO AS A MATERIAL WAS USED FOR STRUCTURE, SKIN ETC .AS IT IS A LOCAL MATERIAL AND IT SUITS THE HOT AND HUMID TROPICAL CLIMATE OF CHENNAI

JOINERY

BAMBOO JAALI SKIN


REASONS WHY BAMBOO CAN HELP US MITIGATE/ADAPT TO THE IMPACTS OF CLIMATE CHANGE: • STRONG • CARBON SEQUESTRATION • REDUCING CARBON RELEASE • LOCALLY AVAILABLE & ECONOMICAL


“ADAPTATION OF THE RESIDENTIAL SPACE FOR THE AGED DWELLER”


latitude_23°32’56’’ S city/country_Sao Paulo/Brazil university_University of Sao Paulo authors_Claudia Ferrara Carunchio supervisors_Roberta Consentino Kronka Mülfarth year_2017

DESIGN!


“THIS PROJECT AIMS TO ADAPT A TWO FLOOR RESIDENCE TO COMPENSATE THE CHANGES RESULTANTS OF THE AGEING PROCESS, IN ORDER THAT THE ELDERLY DWELLER IS ABLE TO DEVELOP DAILY LIFE ACTIVITIES AUTONOMOUSLY ”


SITE PLAN


UPPER FLOOR AND GROUND FLOOR PLANS – ORIGINAL BUILDING


SECTIONS – ORIGINAL BUILDING


MAP OF INADEQUACIES AND RISK AREAS


PLANS – 1ST DESIGN PROPOSAL (LOW COST AND ESSENTIAL INTERVATION)


SECTIONS – 1ST DESIGN PROPOSAL


PLAN – 2ND DESIGN PROPOSAL (ACCESSIBILITY ON THE GROUND FLOOR)


SECTIONS – 2ND DESIGN PROPOSAL


PLANS – 3RD DESIGN PROPOSAL (ACCESSIBILITY ON BOTH FLOORS)


SECTIONS – 3RD DESIGN PROPOSAL


“THE ADEQUACY OF RESIDENCE TO AGED DWELLER MAKES POSSIBLE NOT ONLY TO REDUCE RISKS OF FALLS AND DOMESTIC ACCIDENTS, BUT ALSO TO COMPENSATE THE LOSS OF FUNTIONAL CAPACITY THAT OCCURS NATURALY DUE TO THE AGEING PROCESS”


RESILIENT URBAN EDGES


latitude_13°4’ 2.7804’’ city/country_Chennai, India university_University of Westminster authors_Vaishali Marlene Enos supervisors_R. Schiano-Phan year_2016

DESIGN!


THE DESIGN PROPOSED STRATEGIES USING RECYCLED MATERIALS FOR PERMEABLE SURFACES - TO BE EMBEDDED INTO EXISTING ARCHITECTURAL OBJECTS OR AS NEW FLOATING STRUCTURES TO MITIGATE/ADAPT TO EL NINO CLIMATIC DISTURBANCES


Site and flood extents

THE EFFECT OF THE EL NINO IN CHENNAI CHENNAI - RIVERS, SITE AND FLOOD EVENT


Climate Analysis - Monthly Average Climate Parameters – IPCC Scenario A1B 2050 showing a rise in temperatures by 2°C

CLIMATE CHENNAI

Growth of Chennai Metropolitan area - 2000, 2010 and 2026 . Heat Islands where red represents ‘SEVERE’ (42-45°C day / 32-33.5°C night - MAY 2013)

GROWTH AND HEAT ISLANDS


SCOPE OF WORK – OUTDOOR CANYONS, G+3 STREETSCAPE TYPE AND GROUND TYPE

HYPOTHESES – EDGE AND RIVER RECYLCED MATERIAL APPLICATION FROM WASTE IN CHENNAI


OUTDOOR MICROCLIMATE - STREET BASED analysis of canyons CONCLUSION : LESS SKY VIEW RATIO – COOLER (DAY) LESS SKY VIEW RATIO – WARMER (NIGHT) 180° ORIENTATION ALLOWS WIND , 90° BLOCKS IT. MORE EDGES = MORE TURBULENCE WATER MODIFIES TEMPERATURES.

Ground + 3 concrete typology (80%) and Ground (temporary) typology

Daily Average Solar Radiation Analysis (Ladybug) - MAY (SUMMER)

INDOOR - UNIT BASED analysis - Ground + 3

CONCLUSION : Stack + night time ventilation POTENTIAL

Typical block organization

Typical unit

TAS Analysis - MAY 20-27 Wunderground : Temperature - 41 / 26.3˚C , Wind speed 1.6 m/s (south-west)

-UNITS RECORDED 62% OUT OF COMFORT HOURS, STAIRWELL 47% AND IN BETWEEN ZONES 42%. -WHEN COMPARED TO THE EXTERNAL TEMPERATURES WHICH ARE 31% OF THE TIME OUT OF COMFORT: A) URBAN MORPHOLOGY + MATERIALITY + ANTHROPOGENIC HEAT CAUSED HEAT RETENTION; B) SEMI-OPEN SPACES NEED APPROPRIATE VENTILATION REGIMES. PRINCIPLES FOR INDOOR COMFORT

ANALYSIS


SITE STRATEGIES Floor layouts

Live-work recycling system

Streetscape type – heavy materials

STREETSCAPE TYPOLOGY

Envimet Analysis (15 May -14:00 hrs A - existing B - proposed Monthly average daily solar radiation (1, 2) and wind studies (3) testing concepts

DESIGN STRATEGIES

Floating type – light weight


FLOATING TYPOLOGY

Organization

Comparison in Summer (May 20-24) between: Floating units with context and vegetation and without (TAS) Wunderground Temperature - 41 / 26.3ËšC , wind speed - 1.6 m/s (east , south-west)

CONCLUSIONS

DESIGN STRATEGIES


DESIGN INTERVENTIONS WERE TO BE: - LOCAL - BUILT BY COMMUNITY - PRODUCTIVE - ALLEVIATE SOCIAL + ECONOMIC POLARISATION ALONG RIVERFRONTS - COMFORTABLE - LOWER 42°C TEMPERATURES ENSURING COMFORT IN INDOOR AND OUTDOOR SPACES; - ADAPTIVE AND MITIGATIVE OF DROUGHT AND FLOOD EVENTS


MINI: A DESIGN STUDY FOR COMPACT HOUSING IN SÃO PAULO


latitude_-23°32’51’’ city/country_São Paulo / Brazil university_FAUUSP authors_Eduardo Gasparelo Lima supervisors_Joana Carla Soares Gonçalves year_2017

DESIGN


“THE PURPOSE OF THE WORK WAS TO DESIGN A COMPACT UNITS HOUSING FOR ONE OF THE STRUCTURING AXES OF SÃO PAULO - CONSOLAÇÃO STREET. TO ACHIVE THIS AIM, PRINCIPLES OF THERMAL COMFORT AND NATURAL VENTILATION WERE TAKEN INTO ACCOUNT.”


SITE LOCATION – SÃO PAULO


NEIGHBORHOOD PROFILE AND SOME STUDIES


DESIGN PROCESS


SCHEMATIC SECTION AND SITE PLAN


PROJECT DRAWINGS - PART 1


PROJECT DRAWINGS - PART 2


PROJECT DRAWINGS - PART 3


SECTIONS


FAÇADES AND DETAILS


PROJECT IMAGES


“AN ENVIRONMENTAL PROJECT ADDS ISSUES RELATED TO A GOOD PERFORMANCE OF THE BUILDING AGAINST THE PARAMETERS IMPOSED BY A PARTICULAR CLIMATE TO THE DESIGN PROCESS, IMPROVING THE QUALITY OF THE CONSTRUCTIONS.”


BASIC DESIGN (1ST YEAR UG) JAALI DESIGN


latitude_13°.08’N city/country_ Chennai/India University _ Measi Academy of Architecture ( Anna University) Workshop _ B.Arch 1ST Year programme(Exploration) supervisors_ Dr. Monsingh David Devadas Prof. Balaji Joseph N Thomas, Shoonya, Saniya and

Febina

year_B.arch 1ST Year 2018 (Basic design)

DESIGN!


JAALI, AS A TRADITIONAL,FEATURE OF INDIAN ARCHITECTURE, HAS BEEN AN EFFECTIVE TOOL IN ADDRESSING THERMAL COMFORT BESIDES PRIVACY. IT HAS BEEN TESTED ENOUGH TO PROVE COMFORT IN HOT DRY AS WELL HUMID CLIMATIC ZONES


Jaali design exercise

Jaali is a part of Indian traditional architecture


How a jaali works

VENTURI EFFECT THIS CAN BE USED AS A PASSIVE METHOD TO COOL AIR IN INDOOR, BESIDES AESTHETICS.

OUTDOOR

INDOOR


INSTEAD OF LARGE WINDOW OPENINGS MADE OF WOOD, STEEL,ALUMINIUM AND GLASS WITH CONCRETE SUNSHADE, JAALI OFFERS AN CLIMATE RESPONSIVE SOLUTION AS A FINE LATTICE SCREEN. THEY CAN BE DESIGNED WITH MUD BRICKS, STONE,BAMBOO, ETC WHICH USE MINIMAL ENERGY WITH LESS CARBON FOOTPRINT.


FABFEST '17 PAVILIONS THE RAY CATCHER


latitude_51° 30’ 30.7080’’ city/country_ London/United Kingdom university_ University of Westminster authors_ Daniel Owen, Karan Patel, Ula Bajcer, Jin Lee, Kristel Zarate Leon, Cecilia Santos, Hassan Jafri supervisors_ Dr Rosa Schiano-Phan & Mehrdad Borna year_ 2017

DESIGN!


THE ‘RAY CATCHER PAVILION’ IS AN INVERSE SUN CLOCK FOR THE LATITUDE OF LONDON, INTENDED AS AN EDUCATIONAL POP-UP CITY PAVILION THAT SHOWCASES THE IMPORTANCE OF CONSIDERING AND UNDERSTANDING THE ENVIRONMENT IN ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN.


EACH HOUR OF THE DAY, THE PAVILION WILL RENDER A DIFFERENT INTERNAL APPEARANCE


DIFFERENT INTERNAL APPEARANCE, CREATING INTEREST FOR VISITORS AND REPLICATING THE TIME OF DAY, SIMILAR TO THAT OF A SUN CLOCK.


PRECEDENT STUDY & INSPIRATION


INITIAL IDEA PRESENTATION


TUTORIAL & TEAM MEETING - THROUGH THE CAREFUL POSITIONING OF OPENINGS WITHIN THE PAVILION PANELS, THE POSITION OF THE SUN IS TRACKED THROUGHOUT THE DAY, DEMONSTRATING HOW THROUGH THE USE OF DIGITAL TECHNOLOGIES AND FABRICATION TECHNIQUES BOTH ARCHITECTURAL DRAMA AND DELIGHT CAN BE ACHIEVED


USING PARAMETRIC MODELLING AND ENVIRONMENTAL SOLAR & TEMPERATURE SIMULATION BASED ON WEATHER DATA FOR LONDON IN ORDER TO MAXIMISE SOLAR GAIN


LASER CUTTING & ASSEMBLY


THE RAY CATCHER PAVILION HIGHLIGHTING THE IMPORTANCE OF UNDERSTANDING OUR NATURAL ENVIRONMENT IN ORDER TO IMPROVE THE COMFORT AND PERFORMANCE OF BUILDINGS


FABFEST ’17, POP-UP CITY CELEBRATION EVENT


THE CLOCK IS TICKING FOR HUMANITY WITH THE THREAT OF CLIMATE CHANGE. WE MUST EMBRACE NEW TECHNOLOGIES AND DRAW ON OUR KNOWLEDGE OF THE ENVIRONMENT TO CREATE BEAUTIFUL ARCHITECTURE THAT RESPONDS BETTER AND IS ADAPTABLE TO OUR CHANGING WORLD, BUT STILL, MAINTAINS THE ABILITY TO INSPIRE AND EMPOWER US.


BETWEEN CITY AND UNIVESITY


latitude_44°29’48,76’’ city/country_Bologna/Italy university_University of Bologna authors_Giorgia Ferretti, Lorenzo Indio supervisors_Jacopo Gaspari, Kristian Fabbri, Marco Foglieri, Giovanni Poletti year_2018

DESIGN!


THE ERCOLE’S COURTYARD, CORNERSTONE OF THE POGGI’S FAMILY’S RENAISSANCE PALACE, NOW UNIVERSITY HEADQUARTERS, BECOME A SPACE FOR THE SOCIETY AND THE LINK BETWEEN CITY AND UNIVERSITY.


VIA ZAMBONI, BOLOGNA


THIS PROJECT’S AIM IS TO DEVELOP A DEVICE THAT, BEING ABLE TO ADAPT ITSELF TO WEATHER CHANGE, COULD PROMOTE THE COURTYARD AREAS DURING ALL THE YEAR, REINFORCING THE IDEA OF «PALAZZO POGGI» AS THE CENTER OF THE UNIVERSITY INSTITUTION AND AS SPACE FOR THE CITY.


INCLUSIVE COMMUNITIES_ AN EXTENSION TO A SCHOOL IN DHRANGADHRA, GUJARAT


Latitude _ 22° 59' 0" city/country _ Dhrangadhra,India University _CEPT University Authors _Keshava Narayan K Supervisors _Prof.Urvi Desai year _2017

DESIGN!


THE PROJECT EXPLORES TO REJUVENATE THE SCHOOL AS A CELEBRATED DAILY PUBLIC SPACE, WHICH CAN BE USED BY THE COMMUNITY AFTER SCHOOL HOURS. THE USAGE OF STONE AND FLY ASH BRICKS IN A MANNER TO DISTINGUISH ITSELF FROM THE EXISTING SCHOOL CAMPUS.


THE KEY CONSIDERATIONS IN THE PROJECT HAS BEEN TO INTEGRATE THE DIFFERENT PARTS OF THE CAMPUS BUILT ACROSS DIFFERENT TIME PERIODS SO AS TO COMMUNICATE AS A WHOLE THROUGH VISUAL AND SPATIAL CONNECTIONS, AND TO LEAVE THE LAND FREE FOR COMMUNAL SPACES.


SUBTITLE (KEEP SIZE, TYPE, COLOR…) DESERATATION IN DHRANGADHRA


COLLAGE OF THE SITE SHOWING THE CONTEXT


EXPLORATION OF CLASSROOMS

SITE PLAN : THE EXISTING SCHOOL BUILDING AND THE PROPOSED SITE


EXPLORATION IN THE MASSING UNDERSTANDING RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THE NEW AND THE PROPOSAL


EXPLORATION THROUGH SKETCHES

FINAL SITE PLAN


SECTIONS AND ELEVATIONS


SECTIONAL MODEL OF THE PROPOSAL


SECTIONAL MODEL

FINAL PROPOSAL


EXPLORATION OF ARCHITECTONICS


THE EXISTING SCHOOL IS VISUALIZED AS A CORE FOR THE WHOLE CAMPUS WHICH IS ACCESSIBLE FOR THE PUBLIC AND THE PROPOSED CAMPUS OPEN TO THE STUDENTS OF THE COMMUNITY.


“PADDING’S HOUSING”


latitude_51°30’30’’ N city/country_London/England university_Faculty of Architecture and Urbanism of the University of São Paulo – FAUUSP authors_Claudia Ferrara Carunchio_Eduardo Gasparelo Lima_Marco Ranzoni_Mariana Auad Proença_Nicole Filipini supervisors_Joana Carla Soares Gonçalves_Roberta Consentino Kronka Mülfarth year_2017

DESIGN!


“THIS PROJECT HAS THE AIM TO CONTEMPLATE THE ENVIRONMENTAL COMFORT AND THERMAL CONCEPTS WITH ARCHIETCURE DESIGN FOR THE CONCEPTION OF A HOUSE BUILT FOR A RESIDENTIAL AREA IN THE CITY OF LONDON”


SITE LOCATION: PADDINGTON SITE: 20 LORD HILLS ROAD W2 6PD


FIRST DESIGN STUDIES


CONCEPT DEVELOPMENT – CLIMATE STUDY WITH ARCHITECTURE DESIGN


CONCEPT DEVELOPMENT – PROJECT IMPLEMENTATION – FACADES – SECTIONS - DETAILS


PERFORMANCE EVALUATION– ERGONOMIC STUDIES


PERFORMANCE EVALUATION – THERMAL STUDIES – INSOLATION STUDIES


DESIGN CONCLUDED – PERSPECTIVES - INSIDE


DESIGN CONCLUDED – PERSPECTIVES - INSIDE


DESIGN CONCLUDED – PERSPECTIVES - INSIDE


DESIGN CONCLUDED - PERSPECTIVES


“IT IS IMPORTANT TO HIGHLIGHT THAT THE CHALLENGE TO DEVELOP A PROJECT FOR THE CITY OF LONDON BY ENCOMPASSING THE COMFORT AND THERMAL ASPECTS, AS NATURAL LIGHTING AND VENTILATION, AND ALSO THE STUDIES OF THE LOCAL CLIMATE WERE SIGNIFICANT TO CREATE A BETTER PROJECT FOR THE CONCEPTS OF SHAPE AND FUNCTION”


LIVING DESIGN


latitude_23°55’05’’ city/country_Sao Paulo/ Brazil university_University of Westminster authors_Hrabrina Nikolova supervisors_R.Schiano-Phan, B.Lau, J. Carla Soares Gonçalves year_2018

DESIGN!


THE PROJECT AIMS TO CHALLENGE ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN DECISIONS THROUGH MEANS OF ENVIRONMENTAL ANALYSIS. TAKING MODERNISM TO THE EXTREME, IS ENVIRONMENTAL BRUTALISM POSSIBLE?


WHEN FORM MEETS FUNCTION – TO WHAT EXTEND BIOCLIMATIC DESIGN CAN BE COHESIVLY INCORPORATED INTO THE ARCHITECTURAL LANGUAGE BY FULFILLING SIMULTANIOUSLY CULTURAL, PRACTICAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL FUNCTIONS?


CLIMATE ANALYSIS OF THE SITE BASED ON THE INTERGOVERNANTIAL PANEL ON CLIMATE CHANGE (IPPC) FOR 2050 IN THE REGION – INCREASE IN TEMPERATURE, SOLAR RADIATION AND HUMIDITY


MASSING OPTIMIZATION BASED ON THE CONTEXTUAL AND CLIMATIC PARAMETERS – KEEPING THE PROPOSED ARCHITECTURAL APPEARANCE, WHILE BEING SENSITIVE TO NEIGHBOURING BUILDINGS AND MICROCLIMATE


ENVIRONMENTAL ANALYSIS OF TWO HYPOTHETICAL WORST CASE SCENARIOS – FOR A TYPICAL SUMMER AND WINTER DAY. EVIDENCE SHOW ACCEPTABLE RESULTS FOR THE TWO UNITS. NO CHANGE TO INITIAL DESIGN INTENT – WINDOWS OPENINGS ONLY TOWARDS INNER COURTYARD.


GROUND FLOOR LEVEL - PEDESTRIAN ACCESS ACROSS R.D.CONSOLAÇAO AND AV. ANGELICA. ADDED VALUE – INTERACTIVE WATER BASIN AT GROUND LEVEL, PART OF RAIN WATER GATHERING SYSTEM RESERVOIR.


VIEWS


INITIAL DESIGN INTENT, SUGGESTING A RESIDENTIAL BUILDING SEALED FROM THE STREET, WITH VIEWS ONLY TOWARDS AN INNER COURTYARDS, DID PERFORM ENVIRONMENTALLY ACCORDING TO DATA, BUT A FURTHER RESEARCH SHOULD BE DONE ON THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN STRONG ARCHITECTURAL LANGUAGE AND THE OCCUPANT’S PERCEPTION OF IT.


ST DESIGN(1

BASIC YEAR UG)NATURAL OBJECT STUDY – FAN PALM (BISMARCKIA NOBLIS) LEAF,ASHOKA (POLYALTHIA) LEAF


latitude_13°.08’N city/country_ Chennai/India university_ Measi Academy of Architecture ( Anna University) Workshop _ B.Arch 1ST Year program(Exploration) supervisors_ Dr. Monsingh David Devadas Prof. Balaji Joseph N Thomas, Shoonya, Saniya and Febina year_B.arch 1ST Year 2018 (Basic design)

DESIGN!


STUDENTS UNDERTOOK A VISIT TO NEARBY HORTICULTURAL FARM.IN THE STUDIO THE PROPERTIES OF STRUCTURAL STIFFNESS FOUND IN FAN PALM AND ASHOKA LEAF WHERE STUDIED W.R.T. GEOMETRY AND WAS TRANSFORMED TO THE DESIGN OF ROOFS TO USE LESS MATERIAL IN TERMS OF THICKNESS AND THEREBY IS RESOURCE EFFICIENT


FOLDED PLATE DESIGN USING PRINCIPLES OF PALM LEAF DESIGN


ROOFS INSPIRED BY PALM LEAVES

CORRUGATION PATTERN MESH INCREASES TENSILE STRENGTH AND STIFFNESS FOR A LATTICE WALL

WALL INSPIRED BY ASHOKA(POLYALTHIA ) LEAVES


THE EXPLORATION WAS ON HOW 1.FOLDS IN THIN PLATES COULD BE DONE CREATIVELY WITH REPETITIVE MODULES FOR THE DESIGN OF ROOFS AND LATTICE WALLS 2. OPENINGS FOR NATURAL LIGHT AND VENTILATION COULD BE ACHIEVED WITH LEAST IMPACT TO STRUCTURAL STIFFNESS


BASIC DESIGN WORKSHOP ST (1 YEAR UG) ENERGY EFFICIENT PAVILION STRUCTURE


latitude_13°.08’N city/country_ Chennai/India university_ Measi Academy of Architecture ( Anna University) workshop _ B.Arch 1ST Year programme (Exploration) supervisors_ Dr. Monsingh David Devadas Prof. Kesavalu Joseph N Thomas Salma year_B.arch 1ST Year 2018 (Basic design)

DESIGN!


IDEA WAS TO EXPLORE THE MOST ENERGY EFFICIENT EXHIB- ITION PAVILION STRUCTURE POS- SIBLE WITH WASTE MATERI- ALS WITHIN A 6 MX 6 M X 3.5 M INTERIOR VOLUME. THE WASTE MATERIALS FOR ASSEMBLING WAS GATHERED FROM THE VICI- NITY OF CAMPUS IN CHENNAI


BASIC DESIGN STUDIO -CARDBOARD TUBULAR PAVILION RE-USING LOCALLY AVAILABLE WASTE MATERIALS


WASTE MATERIALS HAVE BEEN USED IN ORDER TO REDUCE ENERGY USE AND THEREBY MINIMIZING THE CARBON FOOTPRINT

`


WORKING ON JOINERY DETAILS . . . . . .


HEXAGONAL AND PENTAGONAL PAVILION STRUCTURE .

FLEX BANNERS AS SKIN. . . . . .


ASSEMBLED PAVILION STRUCTURE . . . . .


REUSED MATERIALS •WASTE CARDBOARD TUBES (75mm dia)AVAILABLE IN LOCAL PLOTTING CENTRES. •WASTE FLEX BANNERS FOR SKIN` FROM LOCAL CINEMA THEATRE. •WASTE PERFORATED STEEL PLATES FOR JOINTS FROM NEARBY METAL WORKSHOPS • EMPTY SPRAY PAINT CANS FOR SEAT INGS AND EARTH FILL FOR BASE FRAME


WBG HOSTEL


latitude_23°32’51’’S city/country_São Paulo/Brazil university_University of São Paulo authors_Beatriz Nascimento, Guilherme Reis, Larissa Luiz, Manuel Monroy and Sylvia Segovia supervisors_Joana C. S. Golçalves, Roberta C. Kronka Mülfarth and Leonardo M. Monteiro year_2017

DESIGN!


THE PROJECT IS A REQUALIFICATION OF A SITE WITH A LISTED FAÇADE IN CENTRAL LONDON. THE GOOD ENERGETIC PERFORMANCE WAS THE CHALLENGE AND THE NATURAL LIGHTING THE MAIN QUALIFYING OBJECT. THE DESIGN OF SHARED SPACES WAS KEY TO A COMFORTABLE, MIXED, DYNAMIC AND FRIENDLY BUILDING


SECTION AA’ AND BB’


ELEVATIONS. ORIGINAL LAYOUT AND BEFORE AND AFTER


SUN ACCESS IN SUMMER SOLSTICE 10AM


THERMAL LOADS, TEMPERATURE PROFILES: WINTER AND SUMMER


DAYLIGHT AUTONOMY. DIVA4RHINO.


DAYLIGHT FACTOR. DIVA4RHINO.


INTERIOR PERSPECTIVE


INTERIOR PERSPECTIVE


INTERIOR PERSPECTIVE


DESABROCHAR PAVILLION


latitude_23°32’51’’ S city/country_São Paulo/Brazil university_University of São Paulo authors_Amanda Ferreira, Barbara Iamauchi, Beatriz Nascimento, Cláudia Ferrara, Denis Shiki, Eduardo Gasparelo, Gabriel Bonansea, Guilherme Reis, Larissa Luiz, Manuel Monroy, Mariana Auad, Nicole Filipini, Rose Raad, Sylvia Segovia supervisors_Joana C. S. Golçalves, Roberta C. Kronka Mülfarth and Leonardo M. Monteiro year_2017

DESIGN!


THE PAVILLION IS INSPIRED IN BRAZILIAN TROPICAL FLOWERS AND NATURAL LIGHTING. IT IS THOUGHT AS A SYMBOL OF NATURE IN THE MIDDLE OF A CITY, AS A GREEN SPOT IN THE MIDDLE OF THE CONCRETE JUNGLE, ADAPTED TO THE POP UP CITY’S FLUID MOTION.


FIRST DIGITAL MODELS MADE IN RHINO


MODEL TO TEST FITTINGS AND STABILITY


PAVILLION BEING BUILT


PAVILLION AT THE EXHIBITION


PEOPLE INSIDE THE PAVILLION


PAVILLION DETAIL


PAVILLION DETAIL


THE GROUP AND PAVILLION AT THE EXHIBITION


CONCEPTUAL SOLUTION FOR PARAISOPOLIS FAVELA


latitude_13°08’ city/country_Chennai/India university_MEASI Academy of Architecture (Anna University) authors:_M.S.Srinidhi and S.M.Syed Akib supervisors_Ar.Joseph and Prof.Dr.Monsingh Devdas year_2018

DESIGN!


TO ARRIVE AT DESIGN SOLUTIONS TO IMPROVE SPACE BETWEEN AND WITHIN BUILDINGS IN PARAISOPOLIS FAVELA.


FAVELA’S OBSERVATION/STUDY Congested | Organic Growth | Lack of Infrastructure | Buzz with commercial activity | Dynamic Networks of Pathways | Vibrant and versatile facade


SHADING OF ROADS – SIMPLICITY AT ITS BEST A COLORFUL SHADING DEVICE SIMILAR TO FESTOONS THAT COULD BE OPENED AND CLOSED USING A PULLEY MECHANISM. THESE COULD BE MADE USING REUSED PLASTIC SHEETS.


SHADING OF WALLS : ANGLE IS ALL WE NEED

USING SELF SHADING TRIANGULAR BRICKS ON THE SURFACES OF FACADES THAT ARE EXPOSED TO DIRECT SOLAR RADIATION HELP IN CUTTING DOWN THE HEAT GAIN


WINDOWS OF HOMES ALONG THE MAIN ROADS AND WIDER ALLEYWAYS FACING EAST, WEST AND NORTH COULD BE MADE FOUR SHUTTERED SO THEY COULD BE OPENED ACCORDING TO SKY CONDITIONS AND LIGHT REQUIREMENT.


UPPER FLOORS HAVE THE ADVANTAGE OF BRINGING IN LIGHT FROM THE TOP. BUT INSTEAD OF SKYLIGHTS THAT CAUSE A LOT OF HEAT GAIN, SMALL GLASS BLOCKS SET INTO THE ROOF SLAB COULD BE USED IN CASE OF CONCRETE ROOFS. PLASTIC WATER BOTTLES FILLED WITH SALINE WATER THAT DIFFUSES LIGHT COULD BE SET INTO THE ROOFS IN CASE OF SHEET ROOFING


MIDDLE FLOORS CANNOT BE LIT FROM TOP, BUT THEY CAN UTILIZE BAMBOO LATTICE WINDOWS HAVING AN ANGLED TRANSPARENT PLASTIC SHEET THE LATTICE WINDOWS BEING FULLY OPEN ALSO FACILITATE VENTILATION AND INCREASE ROOM VOLUME WITHOUT COMPROMISING ON FLOOR SPACE OR PRIVACY.


RE-USE OF GREY WATER : SAVING FOR EVERYONE WATER FROM KITCHEN SINKS AND WASH BASINS COULD BE TAKEN USING PIPELINES TO PLASTIC TROUGHS ON THE ROOFTOPS THAT GROW REEDS (TYPHUS ETC.). THE FILTERED WATER COULD BE SENT TO TOILET FLUSH TANKS OR BE CARRIED TO THE TANKS BENEATH THE ROADS.


PROPOSED HOUSING TYPOLOGIES

KEY PLAN


PROPOSED HOUSING TYPOLOGIES

KEY PLAN


PROPOSED HOUSING TYPOLOGIES

KEY PLAN


• SHADING TO PREVENT EXCESSIVE SOLAR GAIN

• IMPROVING VENTILATION AND LIGHT QUALITY • STORAGE OF EXCESS RUNOFF FRESH WATER AND USE OF GREY WATER


AFFORDABLE AND ADAPTABLE PREFAB MODULES FOR SHELTERS


latitude_51°34’22’’N city/country_London/UK university_University of Westminster, UK authors_Gabriela Krebs Cipriani supervisors_Benson Lau, Rosa Schiano-Phan year_2018

DESIGN!


THE RE-DESIGN AND ADAPTATION OF RECYCLED SHIPPING CONTAINERS, AS A HOUSING SOLUTION FOR HOMELESS FAMILIES, CAN BE APPLIED IN DIFFERENT CLIMATES, IMPROVING COMFORT WITH PASSIVE STRATEGIES.


CONTEXT - HISTORICAL DIAGRAM


CONTEXT - SITE


CLIMATE AND MICROCLIMATE SITE ANALYSIS


CONTAINER LIFE SPAN AND EMBODIED CO2


SITE ARRANGEMENT


FLOOR PLANS AND VOLUMES


ENVIRONMENTALSTRATEGIES STRATEGIES ENVIRONMENTAL


THERMAL SIMULATIONS COMPARISON FOR INTERNAL AND EXTERNAL INSULATION


SHELTER VIEWS


DESIGN STUDIES DRIVEN BY ENVIRONMENTAL CONCERNES REVEALED THAT CONSIDERABLE IMPROVEMENT IN THE CLIMATE OF LONDON CAN BE ACHIEVED WITH NATURAL VENTIALTION AND EXTRNAL INSULATION. COMBINATION STRATEGIES USING MULTIPLE CONTAINERS CAN BE USED TO IMPROVE OUTDOOR MICROCLIMATE.


FISHING HARBOUR AND HOUSING IN THENGAPATTANAM KANYAKUMARI, SOUTH INDIA


latitude_13°.08’N city/country_ Chennai/India university_ Measi Academy of Architecture ( Anna University) author_EVELYN RACHEL supervisor_Dr. Monsingh David Devadas year_B.arch 5Th Year 2018

DESIGN!


THE AIM IS TO DESIGN A FISHING HARBOUR TO CATER TO THE FISHING COMMUNITY WITH HOUSING NEEDS ADDRESSED.


FISHING HARBOUR AND HOUSING BUILDINGS HAVE BEEN ORIENTED TO THE WIND DIRECTION WITH AMPLE CROSS VENTILATION COMPRESSED STABILISED EARTH BLOCKS MADE PRIMARILY FROM SOIL THAT HAS BEEN DUG WITHIN 8KM RADIUS BAMBOO REINFORCED CONCRETE USED AS BAMBOO GROWS IN ABUNDANCE IN THE LOCALITY FERROCEMENT REINFORCED WITH WEAVED BAMBOO MATS ARE USED ALL BUILDING MATERIALS GOT FROM 8KM RADIUS FROM SITE


BASIC STRUCTURE ALLOWS WIND TO PASS THROUGH AND ALSO CONTROLS LIGHT AT APPROPRIATE TIMES

PLANTS GROWN IN PANDHAL MADE FROM BAMBOO SECTIONS


THE ENERGY EFFICIENT BUTTERFLY ROOF STRUCTURE ALLOWS WIND TO FLOW THROUGH. GUTTER DETAIL ALLOWS RAIN WATER HARVESTING


THE BUILDING USES CONSTRUCTION MATERIALS AND TECHNIQUES THAT HAVE CARBON FOOTPRINT LESSER THAN THAT OF RCC CONSTRUCTION

COCONUT SHELL (AFTER GRINDING) IS MIXED WITH CEMENT TO REDUCE COST WITHOUT COMPROMISING ON THE STRENGTH . COCONUT IS AVAILABLE IN ABUNDANCE IN THE LOCALITY.


PLANTS GROWN ON BAMBOO FRAME

DRY TOILETS USED SINCE WATER IS SCARCE IN THE LOCATION. SPECIAL DETAIL IS MADE TO AVOID FOUL SMELL


AUCTION HALL


VIEWS


DETAIL AT EDGE OF WATER TO PREVENT FLOODING AND AT THE SAME TIME PREVENT SOIL FORM GETTING ERODED


THE WATER QUALITY IN THE BASIN IN MAINTAINED BY CULTIVATING FILTER FEEDERS LIKE OYSTERS THAT NATURALLY CLEAN OUT THE WATER AND ALSO CAN BE USED AS FOOD


• SEA WEED AND BEACH GRASS(NATIVE SPECIES) USED TO STABILISE SOIL • SEWAGE IS TREATED WITHIN THE COLONY WITH DEWATS SYSTEM AND TREATED WATER IS CIRCULATED FOR SECONDARY USAGE


THE RETROFIT OF INFORMAL SETTLEMENTS IN INDIA: STRATEGIES TO IMPROVE THERMAL & VISUAL COMFORT


latitude_19°04’33’’ city/country_Mumbai/India university_University of Westminster, U.K. author_Sharmeen Khan supervisors_Rosa Schiano-Phan, Nasser Golzari year_2014-15

DESIGN!


THE DESIGN ACKNOWLEDGES THE EXISTING LIVING CONDITIONS OF OCCUPANTS OF THE INFORMAL SETTLEMENTS AND OFFERS ITS INHABITANTS PASSIVE COMFORT ALTERNATIVES TO THE INCREASINGLY WIDESPREAD USE OF MECHANICAL OPTIONS.


INTO THE LANES OF DHARAVI


Western Express Highway

Western Line

Central Line

Eastern Express Highway

CONTEXT – DHARAVI, MUMBAI


Chimney is not open both ways since that would have acoustical problems as well as cross air-flow

Yearly Average Conditions – Mumbai – Current Scenario

Yearly Average Conditions – Mumbai - Future Scenario

Proposed Plan (Zoomed-In)

Wind Velocity - January

CLIMATE

Wind Velocity - May

Wind Velocity - July

DESIGN PROPOSAL


Case B – Stack Ventilation

Typical Monsoon Days - 26th to 29th July

Case A – Hybrid Downdraught Cooling

Existing Case

Typical Summer Days - 26th to 29th July

DESIGN DEVELOPMENT – THERMAL ANALYSIS


Ground Level

1.7m*0.35m Openable Windows

Top Level

Hybrid Downdraught Cooling

Ground Level

Top Level

Stack Ventilation 1.7m*0.65m Fixed Windows 1.7m*0.35m Openable Windows

DESIGN DEVELOPMENT – DAYLIGHT ANALYSIS

Ecotect


Existing Case

Case A – Hybrid Downdraught Cooling

Computational Fluid Dynamics Simulation for Case A

Case B – Stack Ventilation

Computational Fluid Dynamics Simulation for Case B

CONCLUSIONS – PERCENTAGE HOURS IN COMFORT ZONE DURING OCCUPIED HOURS


THE FIELDWORK AND COMPUTATIONAL ANALYSIS AIDED IN CONCLUDING THAT, THE INFORMAL SETTLEMENTS HAD HIGH SCOPE FOR IMPROVEMENT, HENCE ADOPTING CAREFUL ADAPTIVE STRATEGIES WOULD CONSIDERABLY AMELIORATE THE HABITABLE CONDITIONS OF ITS OCCUPANTS ALONG WITH SUSTAINING ITS SOCIOCULTURAL IMPORTANCE.


catalogue edited by Eduardo Pizarro realized by


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LATITUDES GLOBAL EXHIBITION - DESIGN CATEGORY  

The LATITUDES GLOBAL EXHIBITION was curated by the Brazilian architect Eduardo Pizarro (https://www.eduardopizarro.com/) and digitally launc...

LATITUDES GLOBAL EXHIBITION - DESIGN CATEGORY  

The LATITUDES GLOBAL EXHIBITION was curated by the Brazilian architect Eduardo Pizarro (https://www.eduardopizarro.com/) and digitally launc...

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