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DSEi 2011

Latest technologies and solutions to hit the market


Responsibilities of states toward their people


      

   •  •  •          


DSEi 2011

The world’s largest fully integrated defence and security exhibition returns to London’s ExCeL in September The first Electronic Warfare Pavilion at DSEi will show the latest developments in information technology







The Defence Exports conference is designed to provide up-to-date information on all the latest export controls and reforms from North America and Europe



Kees van Haperen, CEO of the UK National Defence Association, reflects on how the UK government safeguards its populace from adverse events The Defence Support Group provides high-quality and cost effective support to the UK Armed Forces





DSEi 2011

Latest technologies and solutions to hit the market


Responsibilities of states toward their people



The British Security Industry Association outlines what steps should be taken to ensure national borders are effectively protected

In association with... PUBLISHED BY PUBLIC SECTOR INFORMATION LIMITED 226 High Rd, Loughton, Essex IG10 1ET. Tel: 020 8532 0055 Fax: 020 8532 0066 EDITOR Sofie Lidefjard ASSISTANT EDITOR Angela Pisanu PRODUCTION EDITOR Karl O’Sullivan PRODUCTION DESIGN Jacqueline Grist PRODUCTION CONTROL Reiss Malone


ADVERTISEMENT SALES Rachael McGahern SALES ADMINISTRATION Jackie Carnochan, Martine Carnochan ADMINISTRATION Victoria Leftwich PUBLISHER Sally Brockman GROUP PUBLISHER Barry Doyle REPRODUCTION & PRINT Argent Media

© 2011 Public Sector Information Limited. No part of this publication can be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system or transmitted in any form or by any other means (electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise) without the prior written permission of the publisher. Whilst every care has been taken to ensure the accuracy of the editorial content the publisher cannot be held responsible for errors or omissions. The views expressed are not necessarily those of the publisher. ISSN 1362 - 2541



Chili – DF

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Configurable alarms and alerts shown visually and/or audibly

Simple HMI allows soldiers, as well as SIGINT experts, to obtain signals intelligence




Chili – Analyst

The Chili Analyst system delivers a sophisticated ESM analysis system for the skilled operator in a compact and lightweight format.

Chili - Intercept

The Chili intercept system is a single receiver, low power consumption and low operational footprint capability delivering threat warning and signal activity to the frontline warfighter.

Protecting critical infrastructure and assets worldwide Our mission is to be a leading global supplier of integrated surveillance and security systems which are a fundamental part of our customers’ operations. We aim to provide both visual and electronic surveillance systems that help protect national, civil and commercial critical infrastructure and assets. With over 20 years experience in delivering sophisticated surveillance and security solutions, Synectics is ideally placed to be your partner of choice. |

DSEi 2011



THE WHOLE DEFENCE AND SECURITY SUPPLY CHAIN A brand new feature for DSEi 2011, a series of free to attend seminars will be held on the exhibition floor. Get a preview of the latest technologies and solutions to hit the market, and understand how they will affect your business

From 13-16 September, Defence & Security Equipment International (DSEi 2011) takes place at ExCeL in London’s Docklands. The exhibition is well-known as a leading event for land, sea and air applications for the defence sector, but will this year include a much greater focus on security. The borders between defence and security have become more and more blurred over the last five years and the show has seen an increasing participation from companies specialising in areas such as border security and national security; this has resulted in DSEi focusing more on these issues and nations’ responses to them. Plans include a Security Showcase and Demonstration area hosting live scenario and product based demonstrations. This platform allows exhibitors to promote their technology and services to a highly targeted audience including security and military delegations.

From the security sector, leading specialist companies exhibiting at DSEi include G4S, Explora Security, Smiths Detection, Cristanini and Avon Protection. The latter specialises in the supply of advanced CBRN, hazmat and riot control respiratory solutions to the world’s military and security services. Silver Sponsor Chemring EOD will be running a thought leadership session at the event and leading security prime contractors including Northrop Grumman, Lockheed Martin, Finmeccanica and Raytheon will also be exhibiting. The US Department of Homeland Security is lending its weight to DSEi 2011 and will be giving a briefing on its latest national security requirements and technologies. DEBATING TODAY’S SECURITY CHALLENGES In addition to a high profile series of keynotes, an on-floor seminar series will include

speakers covering the most pressing topics facing national security around the world today. Combating cyberwarfare, for example, will be high up on the agenda here. Western governments are taking threats in cyberspace very seriously and there are rising expectations that they will be able to build and sustain effective cyber defences. E-CRIME Over the summer of 2010 the international news media picked up on a computer worm, known as Stuxnet, that had been attacking the computer systems controlling Iran’s controversial nuclear programme. The Stuxnet affair reinforced concern across the world that computer networks could be deliberately targeted to cause massive damage to societies that have come to rely on the internet and its associated technologies. These range from the simple infection of a business’s computers, E



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In addition to a high profile series of keynotes, an on-floor seminar series will include speakers covering the most pressing topics facing national security around the world today. E to e-crime and e-espionage through to the disruption of the computers that control electricity power and other essential utilities. Many governments have now moved to set up cyber operations centres to monitor, on a real-time basis, the operation of computer networks in their country. While in the past many countries were able to separate crucial military and national security networks from the mainstream civilian internet, the ubiquitous nature of the internet in the 21st century means that it is very difficult to separate out government and military networks from purely civilian networks. For example, many of the cyber domains that the western armed forces use, run on commercial networks that reside in several countries so individual governments do not have a dominant say in the structure and operation of the internet anymore.

The view is also growing that the defence of civilian cyber resources and infrastructure is a proper role of governments, as part of its duty to protect their nation’s populations and economic interests. VIP VISITORS DSEi 2011 will be looking to increase the number of international security delegations attending the show. The DSEi VIP engagement team is already working closely with the UKTI Defence & Security Organisation, which is extending invitations to national security/paramilitary forces and border security organisations, that will form top level international security delegations. The last time that DSEi was held, in 2009, 70 official military delegations attended, from 49 countries. The organisers are hoping to increase this number for DSEi

DSEi 2011


2011 – again working with UKTI DSO. DSEi is also renowned for attracting senior military personnel outside the remit of the official delegations – and the programme of invitations has been expanded for this year. Recognising that one of the main reasons Tier One and Tier Two suppliers, as well as SMEs, participate in DSEi is to meet and network with prime contractors, the DSEi VIP engagement team is also putting together Prime Contractor Industry Delegations. While these prime contractor personnel – including purchasing directors, chiefs of engineering and heads of supply chains – traditionally attend DSEi anyway, this will be the first time that they will be involved in specifically programmed delegations. NEW FEATURES DSEi is a major springboard for the introduction of cutting edge technology, as well as the equipment already being used in today’s operations. In 2009 there were 1,280 companies exhibiting from 40 countries and this included whole supply chains covering a variety of programmes. Spanning the whole supply chain, the event brings together everyone from the largest prime contractors E




BMT Defence Services – engineering design, design support and technical services for the defence sector BMT Defence Services contributes to the delivery and management of land capability for the UK MOD and industry partners in the UK and overseas. Our independence ensures our impartiality through our freedom from investor interests. We help our customers achieve engineering success and meet critical deadlines on a wide range of programmes, delivering through-life solutions to complex acquisition, design and engineering problems. The design and through-life management issues faced by modern protected vehicles are becoming increasingly complex and challenging. Delivering an enduring, cost-effective capability with the flexibility to adapt to emerging threats and changing scenarios requires: • a deep understanding of user needs and the operational environment into which new systems must be integrated • detailed knowledge of current and future technologies that could help meet user needs • design innovation to develop integrated solutions within stringent cost, size and weight constraints • a whole-life view of technology insertion opportunities to manage obsolescence and meet new challenges. BMT uses the core skills of our systems

engineers, designers, information systems developers and supportability, safety and environmental consultants to solve customer issues. Our naval heritage allows us to bring cutting-edge ideas from our ship and submarine design and through-life support teams to solve complex problems. We apply our expertise through: • providing impartial expertise to government acquisition agencies, acting as a “critical partner” and helping them achieve key acquisition milestones by leading activities encompassing all Defence Lines of Development across the whole system lifecycle • supporting industry suppliers with design innovation and pragmatic advice on through-life aspects • acting as an intelligent interface between industry and the UK MOD to identify and help

Procuring a land vehicle needn’t be a battle

deliver all necessary evidence throughout the acquisition and In-Service Support processes. Where has our knowledge taken our customers? We support UK MOD Delivery Teams on Urgent Operational Requirements and core programmes across the protected patrol vehicle, counter IED, dismounted soldier and battlefield power domains. We help technology providers with little understanding of the defence domain to develop innovative ideas into militarily useful products with the supporting evidence needed by acquisition programmes. Defence capability and programme management staff use our knowledge management and strategic roadmapping expertise to help them understand competing technologies and plan their research and development, acquisition and through-life capability management programmes. We have developed information systems to help manage the complexities of acquisition and interactions with parallel acquisition programmes and legacy systems. FOR MORE INFORMATION Tel: 01225 473600 Fax: 01225 448714

When it comes to the nation’s security, you need outstanding engineering partners with the highest levels of experience, integrity and creative thinking. BMT has all these, which is why we’ve worked with Government departments and defence agencies, major defence and industrial contractors in the UK and overseas since 1985. Our extensive experience of complex naval systems, combined with our subject matter expertise, enables us to provide comprehensive acquisition support, technology management and design support in the land domain, giving you a watertight business case, ongoing support and valuable peace of mind.

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BMT_DSEi_half page.indd 1


26/07/11 11:25:47

EVENT PREVIEW E right down to the SMEs producing the smallest of electrical components, whose role, although small, is none the less vital in a programme’s performance. For this reason, DSEi 2011 will feature a dedicated electronics pavilion to provide specialist electronics companies with a powerful platform for presenting their products and services – to the benefit not only of visitors, but other exhibitors as well. Drawing on the expertise of NEW Events – which organises the highly successful National Electronics Week – and supported by Intellect, the DSEi Electronics Pavilion will allow electronics companies to exploit the potential of the defence and security market. The pavilion will act as a focus area for electronics companies of all sizes; it will include a lounge area for the use of all those exhibiting in the pavilion and will be designed to allow exhibitors an easy way to promote what can be complex products, many of which are too small to be viewed by the naked eye alone. Leading international electronics players such as XJTAG, Vicor, Lauterbach, Humiseal and Phaedsys have already committed to exhibit. UNMANNED SYSTEMS ON SHOW The Association for Unmanned Vehicle Systems International (AUVSI) is supporting a new Robotics & Unmanned Systems Showcase this year. AUVSI, which is dedicated to advancing

the technology of unmanned systems, is helping to create a dedicated area that will be used for live demonstrations of unmanned ground vehicles (UGVs) and unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) during the show. A football pitch-sized area, located in one corner of the North Halls, has been set aside for the demonstration and viewing arena, making it the largest showcase of this type of technology at an exhibition in the world. NAVAL PROWESS DSEi continues its strong maritime focus. Visiting ships provide a valuable platform for the demonstration of new systems and equipment, which visitors can inspect on specially conducted tours. The UK MOD is planning to allocate a modern Frigate or Destroyer and an Offshore Patrol Vessel to DSEi, while the Royal Netherlands Navy will be sending a vessel as well. Waterborne demonstrations are always a highlight and for 2011 the plan is to further develop the waterside area alongside the venue to include a larger space for exhibitors to showcase their products. There will also be a larger grandstand viewing area to allow more visitors to watch at any one time. Demonstrations will recreate possible naval operational scenarios allowing exhibitors to showcase a range of equipment, such as RIBs, pontoon equipment and offshore raiding craft.

Electronic solutions for the military from Altera The drive in military electronic systems for higher performance and bandwidth, but at lower cost and lower power has made Field Programmable Gate Arrays (FPGAs) a prime solution for next generation applications. Altera® has developed a range of FPGA families on the 28nm process node to meet the requirements of military and security applications, including: • Enhanced packet processing, deep packet inspection, traffic management, Optical Transport Networking and 40G/100G Ethernet systems, using dedicated IP, high-speed serial transceivers, and high bandwidth memory interfaces. • Portable low power communications and cryptographic solutions featuring high-security, small form factors and flexible waveform integration using partial reconfiguration. • High-throughput and high-

performance computing, graphics and DSP applications with processing performance greater than one teraFLOP. Products are only the starting point. Altera also provides simplified development tool flows and reference designs to help reduce development times. These include dedicated DSP tools for applications using intensive DSP design including floating-point. FOR MORE INFORMATION Marcus Ward, European Sales, Altera Europe, Holmers Farm Way, High Wycombe, HP124XF Tel: +44 7876040807

DSEi 2011


The highly popular British Army Demonstration Area returns for DSEi 2011. Showcasing some of the equipment used by the British Army, the area is organised and staffed by members of the British Export Support Team, who are able to talk to visitors about the capabilities of the equipment on display. DSEi has also created a new Land Vehicle Park so that visitors can see some of the vehicles that are being used around the world by military and security forces. IMPROVED VISITOR EXPERIENCE Since DSEi last took place the venue has expended in size so visitors will be able to access the exhibition from ExCeL’s East Entrance as well as the West. This, combined with an enhanced registration procedure, means that visitors will be able to access the exhibition floor with minimum delay. All the major demonstrations are also being scheduled so the times do not clash with other feature areas, thus maximising audiences and improving the experience for all. The last DSEi attracted 25,000 visitors from 98 different countries; this year’s event is on course to beat both targets. L FOR MORE INFORMATION For the latest information on what is taking place at DSEi 2011 please visit

Digital Assurance – defending critical communications Increasingly the understanding that communications need to be protected is accepted and there are now a plethora of secure voice and data communications systems on the market. Despite this there is still a reliance on the use of insecure or non-resilient technologies and deployments for critical communications with many organisations either unaware of the issues or unwilling to address them. A common theme is how open to attack and abuse most of these communications technologies can be. Attacks include interception of communications to extract information or location details, denial of communications (jamming) and modification of communications to inject false signals into a communications system. Very few systems out there can be said to be “secure”, at least not once they have been

taken out of the manufacturers demo facility and deployed to real world operational environments. The bottom line is to understand how important and critical your communications are, what the key threats to those communications may be and decide upon an appropriately robust and secure communications mechanism. Digital Assurance, with offices in Westminster and Cheltenham, specialises in information and communications security. We work throughout HMG and private sector providing security services and expertise. FOR MORE INFORMATION Tel: +44 (0)20 70609001




DSEi 2011


HIGH TECH WARFARE FOCUS Electronic warfare has been, and remains, a critical enabling capability in military operations in both peace and war. This will be recognised at this year’s DSEi with the first Electronic Warfare Pavilion This year’s Defence & Security Equipment International (DSEi) exhibition has partnered with the world’s premier networking organisation in the electronic warfare (EW) and information operations arena, the Association of Old Crows (AOC). AOC promotes the exchange of new ideas and information, and the dissemination of new research and knowledge in the fields of electronic warfare and information operations. It is sponsoring DSEi’s first Electronic Warfare Pavilion during the exhibition, which takes place at ExCeL London, 13-16 September. The pavilion provides a venue for international AOC and UK chapter members to meet with industry specialists in the field to further global cooperation in electronic warfare and is a further example of DSEi partnering with leading companies and organisations in the important growth areas of defence technology and military operations. INFORMATION OPERATIONS The growing importance of electronic warfare is becoming increasingly related

with information operations as nations seek to dominate both the electro-magnetic spectrum and the information space on the battlespace of both today and tomorrow. With the evolution of digital/computer technology, electronic warfare, information operations, and related disciplines are being seen as necessary to achieve knowledge superiority, strategic and tactical dominance, and asset protection in a wide spectrum of operations from humanitarian relief missions to full war fighting. Visitors to the AOC Pavilion at DSEi 2011 will be able view the latest developments in information technology that enables electronic

warfare and information systems to cover both the analogue and digital domains, including the entire acoustic, magnetic, seismic, and electromagnetic spectrums. This is an opportunity to network with members of the AOC and key industrial sponsors of the not for profit organisation in an exhibitor lounge, as well as to visit many of the key companies and organisations involved in the field. Exhibitors will include UK company ESROE, which was set up in 2010 to commercialise software developed by the UK MOD. It specialises in electronic surveillance and support software solutions. US-based EWA Government Systems covers E

The importance of electronic warfare is becoming increasingly related with information operations as nations seek to dominate both the electromagnetic spectrum and the information space on the battlespace of both today and tomorrow.



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EXPERIENCE Waterborne Demonstrations

NEW Static Vehicle Display for Land, Air & Naval Sectors

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CLOSE UP Variety of Visiting Naval Ships Available to Tour

INTERNATIONAL Suppliers and Delegations

FREE Seminars Covering Defence and Security Topics

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NEW Security Focused Exhibitors

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Infinite opportunities. One world-leading event.

ENHANCED Increased Air Offering

NEW Robotics & Unmanned Systems Showcase

DSEi is the world’s leading Defence and Security exhibition. REGISTER BEFORE SEPTEMBER FOR EARLY BIRD DISCOUNT WWW.DSEI.CO.UK/EARLY Platinum Sponsors Organised by


E a number of EW areas including developing EW simulation tools and Norwegian company IPSAS, which is an expert in all aspects of radiofrequency (RF) equipment from radars for Radar Cross Section (RCS) measurements to custom design RF equipment and radar/ RF/RCS measurement assistance. Other exhibitors in the pavilion are ESL Defence, EW Simulation Technology, Smith Myers, Amplifier Technology, Communications Audit, Chemring Countermeasures and Miles Industrial Electronics. PROTECTING THE SOLDIER A large part of the equipment on display at DSEi is centred on force protection. Whether that takes the form of the latest protected vehicles for land operations or cutting edge body armour and personal safety equipment, there is much for DSEi’s more than 25,000 visitors to see during the four-day event. Protected equipment for the land systems arena plays a pivotal role in conducting asymmetric warfare. A new feature for 2011 – the Vehicle Display Area – adds depth to an already strong land systems showing. In the display area will be a Husky protected logistics vehicle fitted with Chemring’s ground penetrating radar (GPR) and its Resolve communications EW system, both of which play a significant role in reducing the IED threat. Route clearance is another important capability on display, with Pearson Engineering showing its mine clearance ploughs. Humanitarian relief equipment featured will include Faun Trackway’s medium-weight portable roadway system. Named MGMS, the roadway is ideal for tackling adverse terrain conditions, including snow, marsh, mud and sand in a variety of climates. MGMS is also highly suited to beach landings and can be deployed by a medium wheeled tractor. For logisticians there will be an Iveco vehicle fitted with a WEW tank, showing the versatility of the solution and how the module can be changed to meet the operational need. Also on display will be the Future Local Area Defence System (FLAADS) from MBDA; BAE Systems’ RG35 mine protected 4x4; and

Iveco’s Light Multirole Vehicle. In addition to this Lockheed Martin’s Warrior will be on show. Demonstrating the way ahead for the Warrior Armoured Fighting Vehicle, this upgraded vehicle delivers enhanced fighting capability, increased mobility, soldier survivability and firepower, along with an open Electronic Architecture. Outside the Vehicle Display Area, Force Protection Europe’s light protected patrol vehicle – known as Foxhound by the British Army – will be on show. The company will also have two alternative variants of this modular vehicle on its stand – a utility variant and a weapons pod variant. LATEST TECHNOLOGY In the Robotics and Unmanned Systems Showcase there will be a twice daily demonstration of how a variety of UVs, both air and ground, can play their part in asymmetric warfare. Among the companies involved will be Allan Vanguard, BCB, iRobot, Marshall Land Systems, Northrop Grumman Remotec, QinetiQ, Recon Robotics and Selex Galileo. Other land systems technology, products and equipment will include command and control, electronic warfare, uniforms, helmets, protected workspace environments such as shelters, armour and survivability solutions, electro optics and IR surveillance, tank tracks, CBRNE detection, training systems and parachutes. Security on the high seas remains crucial to the movement of world trade and social interaction. This fundamental principle is at the heart of the maritime exhibits and waterborne demonstrations at DSEi. On display will be one of the world’s most advanced destroyers – a Type 45 – from the British Royal Navy, which is also allocating a River Class Offshore patrol vessel to the event. Other features in this impressive display of naval capability will be a brand new K130 Class corvette from the Federal German Navy, FGS BRAUNSCHWEIG, which will only just have completed her sea trials, and the Dutch survey ship, HMNS SNELLIUS. Twice daily waterborne demonstrations,

DSEi 2011


which will take place in front of a grandstand on the jetty, will include performance demonstrations from a number of small Special Forces craft, and a coordinated operation to cover equipment used in maritime security and boarding operations. This demonstration, called Operation Vision, will feature not only boats, such as the revolutionary advanced rescue craft from Nautilus, but also small unmanned surveillance helicopters with video links to a large screen. Other equipment on display will include command and control systems for seaborne operations and maritime rescue. Companies taking part include Northrop Grumman, Marlborough Communications, Advanced UAV Technology, SAAB, Ultra and BCB which will be demonstrating a line-thrown boat arresting system. Live demonstrations of diver detection sonars, and an underwater hull surveillance crawler from Seabotix, operating from the warships alongside, are also part of the programme. Inside the main hall will be a comprehensive range of maritime security equipment from companies including Babcock; BAE Systems; Daewoo; Thrustmaster, with its sonar training system; Selex; and Automatic Sea Vision, which is showing its auto watch-keeping solution. Among the unmanned systems on display will be Go Science’s RHyVAU, a low energy, unmanned underwater sensor platform. INTERNATIONAL APPEAL DSEi provides exhibitors with a highly valuable platform for presenting their products and technologies to customers not just in the UK but also key markets around the world. The last DSEi, which was held in 2009, was visited by 70 official delegations from 49 countries, with the Middle East and Asia Pacific regions strongly represented as well as western nations. The official delegations programme is organised in conjunction with the British Government’s UK Trade & Investment Defence & Security Organisation. For this year’s DSEi the visitor programme has been expanded to include gendarmerie, border patrol and military police forces, reflecting the increase in exhibitors displaying solutions to counter such threats as organised crime, piracy and drug trafficking. Other new features for DSEi 2011 include a seminar programme where visitors can find out about the latest technologies in the industry; panel debates and keynote sessions where top level MOD and key industry figures will share their thoughts on current challenges and future opportunities for the defence industry. DSEi will also launch a new phone app which features an interactive floorplan, networking tools, up to the minute information on seminars and show news, and multi faceted product and service supplier search functionality. The app can be downloaded from the DSEi Visitor Network from the middle of August, but to do so visitors must first register for the event at L



“Good conference, many of the presenters gave examples of issues & problems seen rather than quoting laws & rules.” Defence Exports Conference delegate 2010

SMi’s 6th Annual Conference…

Maximise your Future Export Capabilities 3rd and 4th October 2011, Austria Trend Savoyen, Vienna, Austria DON’T MISS PRESENTATIONS FROM: • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •

Kevin Wolf, Assistant Secretary for Export Administration, U.S. Department of Commerce Tony Aldwell, Deputy Director of the Defence Technology Security Administraton (DTSA), U.S. Department of Defense Robert. S. Kovac, Managing Director, Directorate of Defence Trade Controls, U.S. Department of State Meir Shalit, Director of Defence Export Control, Ministry of Defence, Israel Ambassador Sune Danielsson, Head of Secretariat, Wassenaar Arrangement Jill Morris, Head of Counter Proliferation Department, Foreign and Commonwealth Office David Hall, Deputy Head of Counter Proliferation, Foreign and Commonwealth Office Matti Tarvainen, Head of Nuclear Trade and Technology Analysis Unit (TTA), International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) Iciar Rodriguez Miranda, DG Enterprise, European Commission Tom Smith, Head of Export Control Organisation, Department for Business Innovation & Skills, UK Walter Werner, Head of Unit, V, B, 3 - Defence Export Policy, Control of Acquisitions, BMWi - Federal Ministry of Economics and Technology (Germany) Jan-Erik Lovgren, Deputy Director General, Swedish Inspectorate of Strategic Products (ISP) Anne Diaz de Tuesta, Head of Dual-Use Export Controls, Department of Economy, Industry and Employment, France* Josephine Frantzen, Chairman (Designated), Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG) Gary Stanley, President, Global Legal Services Susan Griffiths, Export Control Manager, MBDA Joyce Remington, Director of Exports and Imports, BAE Systems Matt Henson, Manager, Trade Automation and Systems Integration, ITT Corporation Nancy Fischer, Partner, Pillsbury Winthorp Shaw Pittman Peter Lichtenbaum, Partner, Covington & Burling Sunwinder Mann, Partner, Baker & McKenzie Gordon Low, Partner, Baker & McKenzie Harald Hohmann, Partner, Hohmann & Partner *subject to final confirmation

REASONS TO ATTEND: • Meet senior representatives from U.S Departments of Commerce, Defence and State • Discuss the latest regulations and export controls from around the world • Analyse the modernization of the ITAR and US and EU Export Controls • Assess the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT), Arms Trade Treaty (ATT) and UK Bribery Act


US Export Control Reform Initiative: Where Are We Now? Wednesday 5th October 2011 8.30am – 12.30pm In association with:

• Network with senior policy makers

Sponsored by Register online or contact Teri Arri on: +44 (0)20 7827 6162 or email or Shilan Chandi: +44 (0)20 7827 6738 or email


DEFENCE EXPORTS Introducing a first class platform for export control professionals

Every year, new export controls and regulations are carried forward and it is pivotal that companies comply diligently with these new requirements. Because of this, SMi’s Defence Exports conference is designed to provide up-to-date information on all the latest export controls and reforms from North America and Europe. Delegates will get the opportunity to meet senior representatives from US Departments of Commerce, Defence and State and to discuss the latest regulations and controls that govern exports. The conference will analyse the modernisation of ITAR, US and EU Export Controls and also assess the Nuclear NonProliferation Treaty (NPT), Arms Trade Treaty (ATT) and UK Bribery Act. Attendees will also

get the chance to network with key senior policy makers, to participate in interactive panel discussions, and to listen to exclusive industry-led examples of how to comply with and adapt to the differing export controls. LEADING KEYNOTE ADDRESSES The organisers proudly present David Hayes, director of David Hayes Export Controls, who will chair the conference. Along with David, an esteemed panel of key export control professionals will present a variety of themes which include: Safeguard implications of the growth in Civil Nuclear Industry; M&A Due Diligence and National Security Approvals in Defence Deals; Israel and its adherence to Defence Export Controls

Trade & Export


and Recent EAR and ITAR Enforcement Trends: Compliance Enhancements to Avoid Being the next Case Study. The conference will introduce an exceptional agenda, featuring keynote addresses from expert industry speakers. This includes an update on US Defense Trade Controls, presented by Robert.S. Kovac, acting deputy assistant secretary and managing director, Defense Trade Controls, Directorate of Defense Trade Controls, US Department of State, as well as an address by ambassador Sune Danielsson, head of secretariat, Wassenaar Arrangement, who will discuss The Wassenaar Arrangement - Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies. Visit to view the full speaker line-up, which includes presentations from US Department of Defense, European Commission, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, The Hague, Ministry of Defence Israel, and British Foreign & Commonwealth Office (FCO). INTERACTIVE PANEL DISCUSSIONS AND WORKSHOPS The conference also features three unique panel discussions, led by key industry specialists. Day one will discuss an overview of the US export controls and the future ahead, and an overview of the NPT and the importance of civil nuclear. Day two’s discussion panel will examine European Export Controls and the future ahead. This conference also offers a post-conference workshop on 5 October, where workshop leaders David Hayes, BSc (Hons) FRAeS and Sunwinder Mann, partner at Baker & McKenzie will present on ‘US Export Control Reform Initiative: Where Are We Now?’. The workshop will cover topics including possible impacts on non-US company compliance programmes and how US changes may render the EU export control system comparatively less competitive. Attendees will benefit from the workshop, which will help them understand the latest developments in US export control reform and the implications, both positive and negative, for non-US businesses, as well as be prepared to manage these implications for your own business and not be disadvantaged by the pace and extent of change. Defence Exports 2011 is an exciting forum, serving as a platform for delegates to meet and network with a variety of international specialists and professionals from the export industry. Policy makers and those involved with present operations will keep attendees updated in terms of the latest challenges, threats and solutions, and issues that surround the defence export community. L FOR MORE INFORMATION Don’t miss out and register today by visiting or contact Shilan Chandi on +44 (0)20 7827 6738 or e-mail: for more information.



National Security




Kees van Haperen, CEO of the UK National Defence Association and managing director of Koios Group, reflects on how the UK government safeguards its populace from adverse events With the death of Osama Bin Laden earlier this year and the flux of uprisings, ongoing rumbling of the Arabian spring and the recent terrorist attacks in Norway, it seems appropriate to take stock and reflect on the manner in which governments safeguard their populace from adverse events. Responsibilities of states toward their people is perhaps better described as national security, which comprises a collection of activities aimed at protecting people and national interests, both at home and abroad. Independent think tank Demos has defined it as: “The confidence and capacity of the individual, community and state to anticipate and respond effectively to threats or hazards that may endanger their safety.” In this context the role of a national security strategy should be “to integrate preventative and contingency measures in order to anticipate and respond to significant threats or hazards to the nation”. NATIONAL SECURITY STRATEGY From 2008-2010 three national security strategies have seen the light. Following last year’s publication of yet another national security strategy, the accompanying strategic defence and security review and its hasty implementation, have earned the government few positive marks. The onset of real world events have sown serious doubts and lead us now to question whether they are fit for purpose. I wish to argue that the latest version of the strategy and its accompanying review fall short of their aim to provide an ‘integrated’ or ‘joined-up’ view. However, this short article will not offer enough time or space to discuss all issues at hand. But by reflecting on several issues I may be able to convince you that we urgently require a more reliable guide to future threats and one which will enable the government to act in a manner that is effective and yet provides the value for money so needed in austere times. A JOINED-UP APPROACH Although the recent strategy document proposes that the answer is to call for a joined-up approach, UK government remains



structured with separate budgets for home, defence, foreign affairs, intelligence and development. It could be argued that time has stood still for a long time and that very little has changed to the way in which the state manages its affairs. Yet the world has become a continually, fast changing densely populated place. The demise of the Iron Curtain not only heralded the end of the Cold War, it announced the onset of a transformation whose pace and interconnectedness had never been experienced before, while new uncertainties are offering both tremendous opportunities as well as posing dangerous threats. A CHANGING WORLD National economies have grown into becoming an interwoven worldwide phenomenon with people living in what could be termed a global village. Commercial activities have stitched the fate and fortunes of nations together while more and more individuals are being able to determine their own destiny, and are able to communicate and share ideas beyond traditional boundaries of state. It is no surprise that such advances have been accompanied by difficult and persistent problems. Conflicts over ideologies have given way to those concerning religion, ethnicity and tribal identity. Furthermore, we have seen nuclear dangers proliferating and weapons of mass destruction have become available to poorest nations. Inequality and economic instability have intensified while climate change and a dependence on natural resources are causing great damage to the environment, resulting in food insecurity and dangers to public health. The US National Security Strategy (2010) states that the same tools that empower individuals to build enable them to destroy. Rather than an approach that is based on the appraisal of trends, threats and risks, this time the government seemed to have used the financial crisis as the main basis for its national security strategy. Why is it so incomprehensible that the safety and security of the citizen and protection of national interest are part of a continuum? Rather than applying a rational holistic approach that

covers that entire continuum, the Treasury has been demanding very deep and narrow cuts which have made very little strategic sense. SOCIAL MEDIA Then during the first days of the release of the National Security Strategy, it was explained that it would bring together disparate foreign policies into one, coherent whole as a grand strategy to handle the challenges of the coming century. Surprisingly, a few months into the new year, the onset of an Arabian spring came as a complete surprise. As a nation, acting individually or collaboratively within international structures we simply do not possess the capabilities to monitor, assess and anticipate changes in public opinion and intentions. Yet, BBC World’s Nik Gowing warned for this shortcoming back in 2009 in reflecting E

citizens. It will also be required to accommodate the needs for cooperation with non-profit and international organisations. But equally important, one does need to ask how to activate the private sector without financial underpinning from government. We live in a more complex society with an increased dependence on complex systems. We face ever-changing interdependent threats with international dimensions surpassing national boundaries which manifest earlier and in a more complex fashion. It will therefore not be possible to single out any particular threats – which was sadly proven again with the recent Norwegian terror attacks. To be effective calls for an all-hazard approach. For the populace to feel safe and secure there must be greater transparency and openness. The fact that the National Security Strategy tier 2 and 3 risks have become reality within a couple of months of publication means that the development of such a framework cannot be limited to the efforts of a national security council. It must focus on the potential disruption of society throughout and encompass all security domains, e.g. territorial, security, economical, ecological, social and political stability. It should not only be shown which threats we face and what their impact is, it should show how authoritative sources are used as a sound basis for planning. It should define the objectives and the tasks, i.e. what the nation needs to do and provide planning assumptions to assist in defining what we need to have. This should then be laid down and articulated as clearly defined policy with aims and roles and responsibilities. We must heed the traditional departmental stove-pipe based approach and instead clearly focus on development of capabilities and realisation of benefits that have the citizen and national interest in mind rather than the machine of government. This would offer both increased and lasting effectiveness as well as a method to prevent the traditional incoherent ‘salami slicing’ approach to cost cutting. L

National Security


parts in plastic and metals e.g. Titanium (Ti64) and other high performance alloys E on the potential of social networks and proliferation of smart phone and video technologies which has turned every citizen into a journalist with immediate access to an audience. But search and exploitation technologies have been developed to explore the power of social media. Closer collaboration and involvement from academia and industry in national security capability development could make these available and offer real solutions to next generation intelligence challenges. DIFFERENT DEMANDS Our world is changing in a rapid tempo. Revolutions across the Middle East, increasing challenges of climate change and resource scarcity, and the persistence of transnational threats such as state fragility, weapons proliferation and terrorism are accelerating the complexity of our international affairs which can no longer be seen as independent from our internal affairs. I confirm that there is a need for a more coordinated and integrated approach on national security, which breaks through the traditional boundaries of individual departments. It should come as no surprise that in a complex world responsibilities are shared between all tiers of government, the private sector and

Aerospace Casing produced in collaboration with “Assystem”

Experts in Additive Manufacturing Concept Heat Exchanger produced in collaboration with “Within”

+44(0)1635 580284 Issue 3 | DEFENCE BUSINESS MAGAZINE



GPS Perimeter Systems – specialists in high security, perimeter intrusion detection systems GPS Perimeter Systems Ltd is a supplier of high security intruder detection products for external applications. The company has been operating in the UK high security perimeter detection market for more than 11 years. The group overall has more than 35 years’ experience in the design, development and application of perimeter detection products and have helped install thousands of systems all over the world since its inception in 1974. Continuous research and development has lead to the use of new technologies and techniques in the wide range of detection systems designed and manufactured in house. The range of products we supply is diverse enough to ensure that we have a cost effective solution to virtually any high risk perimeter. There are multiple technology buried detection systems, used for covert or aesthetic reasons, fence mounted fibre optic and cable technology intrusion systems and free standing microwave and infrared sensors for high security applications. We also have a complete range of management and integration systems, which allows simple integration of the different technologies into a simple, seamless management environment. Matching

different technology detection techniques to the correct areas of a large site is now easily achieved. Integration of other security systems such as CCTV control and recording is also possible using our modular SCS Security Management software suite. The range is the subject of continuous development and enhancement and recent new products include fibre optic based systems for the protection of very long perimeters, fences, pipelines and underground cable ducting and a covert,

single cable, buried detection system. Of particular interest is the new system, Miles, used to detect interference with cables in underground ducts. The theft of cable from ducting can cause significant disruption and loss of revenue to a large number of companies and individuals. It can also be used to detect attempts to intercept communications on existing copper or fibre optic infrastructure. Such diversity allows us to specify for virtually any type of application, from the most secure government sites to prestige residential properties. Current major customers in the UK include the prison service, nuclear and other power generation plants, oil and gas distributors and new systems for solar panel parks. In short, if you have something to protect, property, assets or people, GPS Perimeter Systems can supply the solution. FOR MORE INFORMATION GPS Perimeter Systems Ltd 14 Low Farm Place, Moulton Park Northampton NN3 6HY, UK Tel: +44 (0)160 4648344

Another 5 reasons why you should use our detection systems to secure your perimeter . . . 1

GPS Perimeter Systems provide a complete range of external detection systems and the range is continuously updated with new technology as it becomes available. Expert advice on the correct, most cost effective solution to

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All the systems can be integrated with CCTV surveillance

3 systems to provide fully confirmed alarms. 4

Systems have been long term performance tested by independent government test facilities achieving high security classifications.

This property is protected by one of our buried detection systems, which are completely invisible once installed.

to operate, with extreme reliability, a well designed 5 Simple system can reduce manpower requirements for large sites.

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Our rapid deployment, portable systems can be used to provide short term protection for high value assets in many different locations.



National Security


As a strategic capability to the Ministry of Defence, the Defence Support Group aims to provide high-quality and cost effective support to the UK Armed Forces The ever changing defence environment is a constant challenge for the Defence Support Group (DSG) – aside from just meeting the challenging deadlines in the UK, DSG also has a team in the harsh environment of Afghanistan operating the Equipment Sustainability System Regeneration Capability facility under contract from Permanent Joint Headquarters. The work and contribution DSG employees make in supporting the current operations of the Armed Forces was recently under the media spotlight when the team at Camp Bastion hosted a visit by UK Prime Minister, David Cameron. Mr Cameron’s flying visit for talks with the Afghan Governor of Helmand, Gulab Mangal, allowed the Prime Minister time to meet with troops as well as seeing DSG employees in action and meeting the DSG team. The high profile visits to the regeneration facility in Helmand is helping cement DSG’s positive and important role in supporting the troops and gaining an enviable reputation for its positive and committed attitude in providing support where it is needed most; at the front line. PROTECTION FOR VEHICLE CREWS It is not only the sterling work of DSG employees in Bastion making the news, the work of a team at DSG Donnington providing additional protection under the Warrior Theatre Entry Standard programme made headlines too. To enhance protection to the vehicle crews, Donnington’s upgrade work included the installation of over 1,000 component parts to each vehicle. This resulted in enhanced transmission and drive line; internal vehicle crew protection; enhanced seating design and cushioning to further improve mine protection and comfort; an improved driver vision system; increased low-speed mobility and climbing performance, enabling the vehicle to tackle tough terrain and get closer to a target. Understanding the evolving complex support environment, DSG is actively pursuing the status of strategic support supplier, ensuring that it is involved throughout the vehicle life cycle activity. Renowed for its legacy of providing maintenance, repair and overhaul, DSG is adapting its skills base by exploring complementary wider opportunities. It recently signed a contract with Force Protection Europe for the assembly of the pod of the Foxhound Light Patrol Protection Vehicle and anticipates formally acquiring the management of vehicle activity from the Joint Support Chain Services sites before the end of the year. LAND SUPPLY BUSINESS UNIT DSG’s Land Supply Business Unit (LSBU) is moving away from just buying spares

Photo taken by Sergeant Alison Baskerville RLC © Crown Copyright/MOD

A soldier from 3 Mercian with a Warrior TES(H) © Crown Copyright/MOD

having recently secured a contract from the Defence Equipment & Support (DE&S) Deployable Support and Test Equipment Project Team to manage all its General Purpose Test Equipment from introduction into service, through life support and disposal. Critical to this contract is for LSBU to demonstrate impartiality. Instead of automatically referring any engineering activities to a DSG workshop, LSBU must activate a firewall to restrict, manage and record access to commercially sensitive information, including pricing information from DSG and outside industry. This undertaking demonstrates LSBU’s commitment to protecting the legitimate interests of MOD, industry and taxpayers in the pursuit of best value for defence. “We have a proud heritage of supporting the British Army’s vehicle fleet and an

outstanding pedigree of military capabilities. Our growing contribution in the land support environment and supporting our Forces in Afghanistan is further evidence of our commitment and competence,” said Archie Hughes, DSG chief executive. “Changes in the way the Army trains are opening up new opportunities for us and testing our ability to respond to change. We want to retain our integral and pivotal role throughout the supply chain so we are flexible and open to adapt. DE&S is examining a new support paradigm for the vehicle sector, our aim is for DSG to be at the heart of combat and support fleet maintenance and the associated mission systems.” L FOR MORE INFORMATION





UNIQUE TECHNOLOGY PROENGIN biological and chemical detection for the field (and real life) Proengin has developed biological and chemical warfare agents field detectors using flame spectrophotometry. The wellknown and widely used AP2C has proven the capacity of that technology to be the most reliable on the field with the lowest false alarm rate and the simplest ease of use. HANDHELD CHEMICAL DETECTOR AP4C New developments such as the AP4C have extended the capacity of that technology to include chemical warfare agents and toxic industrial material in a simultaneous mode. There is no limitation in number of gas detected by the AP4C. All nerve agents, all blister agents and all blood agents can be detected by AP4C within the requirements of response time and sensitivity of NATO recommendations. The AP4C has extended the range of chemicals that can be detected by Proengin chemical detectors. All dangerous compounds containing Sulfur, Phosphorous, Arsenic and/ or HNO chemical bond can be detected in a simultaneous way. Of course, as for the AP2C, the AP4C has the capacity to work in very severe environmental conditions (explosive areas) and the measurements are unaffected by high humidity levels or by the presence of other organic chemical compounds such as paint. The AP4C technology allows the simultaneous detection of an unlimited number of gas and the identification of the chemical elements that constitute these chemicals. It is therefore possible to detect impure agents or chemicals manufactured by terrorists that would not fit into traditional libraries of other detectors. Moreover AP4C will detect without upgrade new agents that will be developed in the future, as well as still not precisely known agents like Novichok agents (or non traditional agents). The response time is among the shortest on the market, but what makes the AP4C unique is the recovery time after a positive detection. The AP4C is therefore the chemical detector that has the highest level of availability of the field. AP4C has been derived on other detectors, dedicated to the following uses: • use on reconnaissance vehicles and battle tanks • use aboard naval ships • use for critical buildings and areas protection AP4C-V FOR USE ON RECONNAISSANCE VEHICLES AND BATTLE TANKS Based on the same detection technology and the same internal design, air entrance has been designed to face high wind: AP4C-V is

able to take in representative sample of the outside air, even with a direct cumulated wind and speed of 100 km/h. Data are shown on an easy to understand control box or directly on the control computer of the vehicle. Sensitivity, short time to answer, low false alarm rate and short recovery time are the same as for AP4C, making AP4C-V the perfect detector for all kinds of reconnaissance missions and battle field exploration. AP4C-F FOR USE ABOARD NAVAL SHIPS At sea, ANEP-57 recommendations stipulate the availability of both fixed and mobile means of chemical detection. As AP4C is the perfect mobile chemical detector for contamination control, the use of AP4C-F provides the naval ships with reliable and efficient chemical detection. This ruggedised detector shows the same detection performances as the AP4C, with two supplementary features. It produces its consumable gas by electrolysis, thus lightening daily maintenance, and more than an alarm, is able to trigger the ventilation of the vessels, thus protecting the citadel from the chemical danger. The AP4C-F is able to be operated on open deck, with the same performances. AP4C-F FOR CRITICAL BUILDINGS AND AREAS PROTECTION National palaces, courts and parliaments are more and more equipped with fixed chemical detectors. AP4C-F, being able to be operated on naval citadels, is of course able to provide the same detection and protection on terra firma, for this kind of critical buildings. BIOLOGICAL AND CHEMICAL DETECTION The MAB is a new generation of biological field detector. MAB has the unique capacity of detecting and categorising biological particles with a proven extremely low false alarm rate and the unique capacity to discriminate dangerous or suspicious biological particles such as Anthrax spores from natural background. The very liable MAB has been designed to be mounted on track vehicles. It is insensitive to diesel exhausts. As all Proengin products, and thanks to the flame spectrophotometry technology, MAB is able to run in very severe outside conditions, shows the lowest false alarm rates (negative and positive) and requires reduced maintenance. It shows such a high level of availability. Government premises, courts and parliaments are also increasingly equipped with fixed chemical and biological detectors.

AP4C-FB combines both chemical detection as for the AP4C-F, and biological alarm as for the MAB. This detector may be associated with a radiological probe, featuring the all in one full CBRN detector. L

Images courtesy of JP. Lagiewski FOR MORE INFORMATION



Border Security



INTELLIGENCE-LED BORDER MANAGEMENT Andrew Preistley, business development director at Arinc, looks at how intelligent-led border management is fundamental to fighting terrorism Every time there is an aviation-related terrorist incident – whether successful or not – it is airlines and airports that take the flak. Then come demands for tougher security measures, swiftly followed by passengers complaining of increasingly intrusive procedures. Yet with equipment ranging from e-passports to full body scanners, we already have highly sophisticated methods of identifying and apprehending criminals. To be really effective though, this cutting edge technology needs to be backed up by a system of international standardisation and collaboration that enables information to be shared – speedily, reliably and securely. In other words, intelligence-led border management that collects and processes information to all relevant national and international agencies, harmonising standards of identifying, verifying and authenticating passengers. COMMON-LANGUAGE DATA SERVICE Technical problems created by the varying data sources and formats used by different agencies is cited as the main problem to such standardisation. This is easily overcome by using ARINC’s

provide a cost-effective solution. The combined use of iAPIS and PNR allows security resources to be employed more effectively to target undesirables for screening whilst enabling faster processing of low-risk passengers. BCAs, law enforcement organisations and intelligence services get a valuable headstart on checking names against watch lists, highlighting suspect travel patterns, assessing potential risks and locating suspects. SECURE DATA PROTECTION Data protection is a concern for many passengers, particularly where Advance Passenger Information (API) messages are transmitted by e-mail and over the internet. This is not an issue with a fully-managed IP network like ARINC’s AviNet, which provides a level of reliability and end-to-end security that is absent from a public internet connection. Airlines, too, have concerns regarding data collation. Those using legacy systems find government demands to extract data, particularly in the absence of standards harmonisation, can entail budget-breaking costs. With a long and successful track record

The combined use of iAPIS and PNR allows security resources to be employed more effectively to target undesirables for screening whilst enabling faster processing of low-risk passengers. Electronic Borders – a common-language immigration data service combining items such as interactive Advance Passenger Information System (iAPIS) with Passenger Name Records (PNR). Translating messages from disparate agencies and systems, it provides a unique screening solution that enables airlines to meet their legal obligations whilst maintaining passenger privacy. ARINC’s private, highly secure AviNet global communications network, with its 99.999 per cent availability, provides seamless, efficient and reliable communications between airlines and border control agencies (BCAs). More and more governments require airlines to use iAPIS and impose hefty fines for those that fail to do so. Electronic borders, requiring little or no new system development, or even the modification of existing systems,



in systems integration, ARINC recognises the need for software flexibility to accommodate varying border regime requirements. BIOMETRIC TECHNOLOGY Complementing API and PNR is biometric technology, which helps prevent a range of criminal activities made possible with forged documents and stolen identities. ARINC’s fully-integrated Identity Management System (IdMS) is designed to be applicable in many critical settings and can collect, verify, and maintain biometric and biographical information – ensuring that biometric systems integrate with existing airline and airport processes – as well as supporting all phases of the identity management lifecycle. Over 80 per cent of passengers now use

mobile devices, the internet and self-service kiosks to check in away from traditional, dedicated airport workstations. The downside is that passengers taking only hand luggage need have no interaction with the airline until they reach the gate. Since the ability to track the progress of each passenger in the airport is crucial, this self-service travel has boosted demand for Passenger Reconciliation Systems (PRS) such as ARINC’s VeriPax, which is designed to maximise security checkpoint operations while optimising passenger flow. VeriPax not only complements ARINC’s IdMS but also has links to watch lists, assisting government agencies responsible for border control. VeriPax validates the authenticity of barcodes on boarding passes using 2D scanners, automatically screens passengers against airline host systems in real time and determines clearance, providing audio and visual status alerts to agents when necessary. INFORMATION SHARING IS CRITICAL Information-sharing is a crucial element in the fight against terrorism and ARINC’s Multi-User System Environment (MUSE) family of passenger and flight information systems allows airlines to share vital passenger and baggage information in real time on high-speed multi-user networks. Whether from off-site locations, CUSS kiosks or traditional check-in desks, airlines can access the information they need whenever they need it. Since each transaction – from ticketing and baggage handling to car rental and hotel reservations – can be processed over the common network, communications barriers are completely eliminated and security is enhanced. We have the tools – what’s missing is international harmonisation of standards and reliable intelligence-sharing with every effort made to eliminate opportunities for human error. Border control agencies must use all the available information at their disposal, including that which is in the public domain on personal websites, blogs and on social networking sites. Analysing and correctly interpreting this information is fundamental to intelligence-led border management. L FOR MORE INFORMATION



Border Security


James Kelly, chief executive of the British Security Industry Association, reminds us of what steps should be taken to ensure vulnerable borders are effectively protected Since the devastating terrorist attacks of 9/11, and, closer to home, the 7/7 bombings in London, security has been at the forefront of the national agenda. Almost ten years on since the tragic New York attack and the security landscape has changed dramatically, with these changes most apparent in the transport sector, particularly at country borders. For many of us, it’s hard to believe that almost ten years have passed since the World Trade Centre attacks of 9/11 shook the world, renewing the focus on border control and security, and bringing industries such as the aviation security one firmly into the spotlight. TECHNOLOGY Security personnel have come to rely heavily on technology to support them in ensuring the safety of passengers, crews, equipment and airport staff. CCTV and Video Content Analysis, intruder alarms and physical protection enhanced with electronic elements such as mounting fence vibration detectors that trigger an alert in the security control room, are all essential to the protection of UK borders. This is

particularly true for the perimeter of these borders, where trespassers and unauthorised entry may otherwise go unnoticed. However, when considering open premises such as airports and ports – where a large, transient population, high volumes of luggage and easy access by members of the public mean security measures are always tested to their limits – arguably the most important part of border security is ensuring that persons or goods seeking permission to enter the UK territory are adequately screened. These checks commence before passengers or goods even enter the country, with in depth processes being carried out prior to departure. PASSENGER SCREENING Ensuring the security of items carried onboard commercial vehicles travelling across the border, paricularly via airports, combines technology with procedures for inspection and screening in the four categories of hand baggage, luggage checked into the hold, travellers themselves and cargo. These measures were intially introduced to ensure no illegal items were carried across, such as drugs

and weapons, and to deter from contraband. The most visible of these measures is the security check conducted on all passengers and their hand baggage before they are allowed to board an aircraft. All hand baggage, including items such as coats, handbags, laptop computers, mobile phones and cameras, undergoes X-ray examination before passengers are allowed to enter the departure lounge. In addition, travellers pass through metal detectors or, following recent developments, full-body scanners and they may also be subject to a physical search. These procedures have been augmented in recent times by the introduction of regulations governing the maximum size of permitted hand luggage and the prohibition of certain items carried by passengers that are subject to individual inspection. This move is designed to prevent the carriage of objects capable of being used or combined to create weapons or explosives, following the experiences of terrorist plots to destroy aircraft in flight. Prohibited items include liquids in quantities greater than 100ml, scissors, razor blades, knives, tools, sporting bats, and toy or E



Border Security


SECURITY MEASURES About BSIA The British Security Industry Association is the trade association covering all aspects of the professional security industry in the UK. Its members provide over 70 per cent of UK security products and services and adhere to strict quality standards.

unscreened cargo is termed ‘unknown’ cargo, while screened cargo is considered as ‘known’. It is essential that known cargo secure storage areas that are protected using modern access control systems and CCTV technologies.

E replica guns. In addition to these restrictions, an absolute ban has been imposed on the carriage of certain items, either on the person or in the aircraft’s hold, including flammable liquids and solids, oxidisers, gas cylinders, lighter fuel and radioactive materials. USE OF BAR CODES The security industry is working to enhance the performance of technology for screening luggage and for monitoring the movement of bags from the check-in desks to the aircraft. This latter area is a critical aspect of flight safety, and includes the use of bar code readers to scan the labels of bags, automatically linking them to individual passengers at the time they board to ensure that unaccompanied luggage is not loaded onto an aircraft. Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) chips can also be used for this purpose and can be particularly useful in moving freight around the airport. Tag identification and location information is instantly forwarded over a network to a host computer running software to provide real-time management solutions via powerful reporting, display, and decision and control functions. Linked assets and people can be tracked and located within close proximity, thus providing an automatic, non-invasive asset protection solution while enabling freedom of movement. Security of baggage does not stop at the aircraft, with airlines now installing covert



CCTV systems in their baggage holds. Although these systems are primarily used to detect theft from passenger luggage, they also provide security against contraband items being added to a bag either for criminal or terrorist reasons. With advances in technology, CCTV can now provide evidence of any tampering that occurs, ensuring prosecutions can be carried out. AIR CARGO Air cargo security is in many ways the most difficult to address, and following the exposure of a plot by Yemen-based members of terrorist group Al Qaeda to smuggle explosive materials within innocuous-looking printer cartridges on US cargo planes in 2010, it has come under increased scrutiny. The Department for Transport says that UK airlines alone transport over two million tonnes each year, a huge and complex operation involving tens of thousands of people in a host of industries across the country. All cargo to be carried on a domestic or international flight originating in the UK must now be screened to ensure that it does not carry a prohibited article, for example an incendiary or explosive device. The screening process involves different techniques, which can be conducted by the airline or a security approved air cargo agent. Once screened, cargo must be stored and transported in secure conditions until it is placed on an aircraft. In this process,

SECURITY OFFICERS With the terrorist threat level for the transport industry in the UK set to remain at ‘substantial’, passengers often find reassurance in the thoroughness of the security checks and measures employed at borders. In particular, the physical presence of security officers manning access points and security patrols carrying out random rounds both in the buildings and in the perimeter area heighten this sense of security and protection. At airports and ports, manned guards are also a source of information and guidance for the inexperienced travellers, and play a vital part as they are often responsible for managing technological aspects of a site’s security strategy, such as CCTV or access control. It is not easy to plan security for borders, where open and multifaceted spaces characterise the area in question, but the key is to have in place a number of security measures that can complement each other. Combining CCTV with access control and physical security measures such as fencing, bollards, doors and locks, backed up with security patrols can provide an overall security solution that is robust, effective and intimidating to would-be criminals. Whether the border secured is part of a larger publicly available site such as an airport or port, or whether it concerns the perimeter of these areas, careful planning and consideration is a must to ensure no unauthorised access to the country is granted. If you are new to procuring security solutions, or would benefit from some additional advice, enlisting the help of an expert on all aspects of security can be a great place to start. The unbiased advice of a security consultancy will provide a useful overview of the broad-based challenges faced by each individual premise, and can provide a tailored solution based on each client’s challenges, taking into account budgetary and resource limitations. To find out more about the products and services offered by BSIA members, visit our website. L FOR MORE INFORMATION




MIRA Ltd has been sought by world-leading blast and ballistic experts NP Aerospace to apply its knowledge in the development of a new protected defence vehicle The vehicle is designed around a revolutionary lightweight composite monocoque pod that delivers extremely high levels of occupant protection from a range of threats faced by modern military tactical vehicles. A team from MIRA’s Defence division at its

underneath the vehicle in a blast, with potentially fatal consequences. Our team was therefore keen to minimise the metalwork under the cab to offer the maximum protection possible should they encounter a roadside bomb. “There are many innovative features we have

Experience shows that occupants of military vehicles become exposed to components located underneath the vehicle in a blast, with potentially fatal consequences. headquarters near Nuneaton, developed the automotive systems, including the unique subframes, chassis, powertrain, transmission and ultra-lightweight ergonomic user interface. MINIMUM WEIGHT “From the start we wanted to match the ground breaking composite pod with a highly capable and reliable, high mobility automotive solution which enhances the whole vehicle and crew survivability for absolute minimum weight,” says Nigel Skellern, business development manager - Defence at MIRA. “Experience shows that occupants of military vehicles become exposed to components located

designed into this vehicle, such as the modular front and rear subframes containing all the automotive components. This not only provides a very capable vehicle structure, but also enables soldiers to rapidly and easily replace whole powertrains and chassis systems in the field, ensuring a high level of vehicle availability. “Other novel features included moving the transfer box to the rear module of the vehicle which not only reduced the risk of monocoque penetration in an explosion, but also delivered a better weight distribution to the vehicle. “Mobility is also a key requirement for all defence vehicles, so we selected and worked with ‘best in class’ suppliers to deliver world-

beating automotive systems such as the bespoke independent suspension design giving each wheel station 500mm of travel. “The vehicle was designed from the outset to deliver through-life growth, and a range of powertrains and transmissions can be fitted. For this demonstrator we specified a Mercedes four cylinder diesel derivative combined with an ZF automated manual gearbox which offered the best possible power to weight ratio.” MAJOR STEP FORWARD Roger Medwell, CEO at NP Aerospace, said: “We have been building composite armoured vehicles for over 15 years and these models are significantly lighter than steel versions. The materials and processes used in this particular concept defence vehicle however represents an additional major step forwards in composite armour protection. “Having sought the advice of MIRA’s experienced team, we now have a realistic alternative to the current choice of products in the market with evidence of a 20 per cent weight reduction in comparison to standard vehicles, and enhanced survivability by minimising behind armour effects and secondary projectiles. “The next stage is to work with the right stakeholders to bring this battlewinning technology to the front line.” L FOR MORE INFORMATION Tel: +44 (0)24 76355000



Ballistic Absorption Barrier Systems

blocks are a revolutionary new product utilizing ‘green technology’ to manufacture a new method of protection against ballistic and blast events

During blast survivability testing conducted at the Aberdeen Test Center (Maryland, USA) a wall constructed of BABS blocks showed 99% blast attenuation

Testing performed December 2009 - US Army Aberdeen Test Center, Maryland Demonstrated at Quantico Marine Base - Virginia USA 2009

are custom designed and installed for each unique application for use in perimeter protection, embassy protection, airport security, major event security, pipeline protection, military installations, blast and ballistic protection have been designed for ease of movement and quick deployment. They are constructed to be positioned similar to building blocks. They are portable, reusable, and protective.

Innovative Concepts International SBMM R&D Center - 605 Laurel St. - Mishawaka, Indiana 46544 USA (+1) 574-968-3011 toll free (+1) 877-315-BABS (2227) please direct inquiries to:

Ballistic Absorption Barrier Systems utilize recycled scrap tires to create blast absorption barriers for use in perimeter and check point security, embassy fortification, pipeline protection, and major event security Scrap tires are one of the world’s largest environmental problems. Hundreds of millions of tires are produced each year increasing the total number of tires worldwide. Most current applications for scrap tires involve burning or burying tires. These options can have a large environmental impact.



At 30lbs (13.6kgs) per block, the Eco-Blok has been developed as a durable and reusable alternative to standard sandbags

Each BABS block uses 260 scrap tires

Ballistic protection Erosion control Major event security Flood control Crowd control

Military uses Civil engineering Parks and recreation Emergency response

Innovative Concepts International SBMM R&D Center - 605 Laurel St. - Mishawaka, Indiana 46544 USA (+1) 574-968-3011 toll free (+1) 877-315-BABS (2227) please direct inquiries to:

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Security is not just something we do at ARINC–it’s part of who we are For years, we’ve helped develop and implement solutions for commercial, government, and defense industries to help strengthen security around the globe. Whether it’s sending and receiving information securely, providing mobile wireless networks, supporting systems that guard nuclear power plants, or developing the latest biometric tools, ARINC delivers. As a capabilities-driven company with communications, engineering, and integration as our core competencies—you can trust us to handle your greatest security challenges.


A protected environment for every mission.

Iveco DV’s range of Multirole Vehicles, Tactical and Logistic Trucks and Armoured Fighting Vehicles covers the full spectrum of on- and off-road military requirements and represents a well thought through, comprehensive and effective response to the needs of the military customer. Iveco recognises that this needs change in response to the evolving operational environment, developing doctrine and changing threat. As a part of the company’s commitment to our custo-

Iveco S.p.A. Defence Vehicles I-39100 Bolzano - via Volta, 6 +390471905111 -

mers’ needs, we aim to identify or anticipate at an early stage how requirements are likely to develop. As a result, the whole product range is subjected to a continuous development process. Evolving needs are fed back to Engineering, who in turn develop a steady stream of enhancements in terms of payload, mobility and protection. Where necessary, complete new vehicle families are developed.

Iveco Defence Vehicles UK Iveco House, Station Road - Watford WD17 1SR Hertfordshire +44 1923259728

Defence Business Magazine issue 3  
Defence Business Magazine issue 3  

The Business Magazine for Defence