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Cultivate Thought Cultivate Compassion

Cultivate Yourself

Learn how the choices you make about the way to play a scene affect the interpretation. ‘Staging’ doesn’t just mean the set or stage itself; it’s everything you do onstage to bring the drama to life. Come see how alternate staging, cutting, and acting affect the meaning in a piece.

Music - Theatre - Dance Experience YOUR Leeward Theatre For More information or to buy2Tickets visit: or call 455-0380 KA MANA‘O



contents 6


24 entertainment

6 // Mixed Plate 8 // Parking Stalls 12 // Uncommon Traditions 14 // InkTober 20 // #LuckyweliveHI 24 // Mixed Reviews 26 // Horror Games 28 // Monochrome Fashion 32 // Activated Charcoal 33 // Bold Lip Colors 34 // Off the Eaten Path: Chinatown 37 // Campus Voices 38 // Comics 39 // Student Showcase



28 fashion

34 food






editor’s note For someone who never planned on getting involved in journalism, I realize now that it has become a significant part of my life — you could say that it set me on the right path as a college student. I joined Ka Mana‘o back in Fall 2013 as a way to get more involved, and despite my interest in what the publication had to offer, I was admittedly more interested in getting paid. I started off as a staff writer, gaining experience and learning the tools of the trade. Eventually, I began working in photography, design and worked my way up to editor-in-chief. Now, three years later, I take my leave. Since writing my first article, I’ve witnessed the publication undergo significant change. From staff turnovers to a complete design overhaul, Ka Mana‘o has come a long way — earning three Pa‘i awards, one national award and cultivating the talents of what I believe to be the most dedicated group of students at Leeward. Working for Ka Mana‘o has taught me more about myself and life than perhaps any college

course ever could. And no matter how much we complained about the late work and late hours, it was still a fun, enlightening and rewarding experience. The Ka Mana‘o staff, and college students in general, all have differing thoughts and opinions about what goes on in daily life and society as a whole. Part of the publication’s mission is to consolidate these thoughts and opinions, present them in as unbiased a manner as possible and encourage healthy discussion. This issue’s aim was no different and resulted in the theme: “Dark Winter.” As the name suggests, Dark Winter is somewhat obscure and outside of the norm. Several articles capture this obscurity with a wide range of unorthodox topics. Dark Winter is reminiscent of the idea that Ka Mana‘o means “the thought” and some of our best issues have been produced by rolling with totally outlandish ideas. by Chance Nakazato illustration by Lily Chan







01 2 R E T N WI

DISMALAND The dystopian-themed park known as Dismaland, founded and organized by Banksy, an English-based graffiti artist and political activist was open to the public from August 21 to September 27. Once housed at the Weston super-Mare in Somerset, England, Dismaland put a dark twist on the happiest place on earth: Disneyland. Banksy and other contributing artists took popular Disney themes such as “It’s A Small World,” “The Little Mermaid,” and the iconic Disney castle and altered them to match themes like the apocalypse, anti-consumerism, immigration, law enforcement and celebrity culture. The employees also took on disheartening personalities, personifying Dismaland’s overall darker and depressing theme. An official brochure from the park provided disclaimers while playing to humor. “This event contains adult themes, distressing imagery, extended use of strobe lighting, smoke effects and swearing. The following items are strictly prohibited: knives, spraycans, illegal drugs, and lawyers from the Walt Disney corporation.”

CORPSE FLOWER The smell of death is present throughout botanical gardens across the nation, as a result of one peculiar species of flower. Titan arum, popularly known as the “corpse flower,” is the largest and arguably smelliest plant in the world. As its name entails, its scent has been compared to that of decomposing flesh. Needing almost a decade to fully develop, there have only been 157 recorded blooms between 1889 to 2008. However, in 2016 alone, at least seven flowers in the U.S. have bloomed, a phenomena that has sparked scientific and general discourse. “A few of us are saying, ‘Well, wait a minute, how did six or seven happen all at once?’” Marc Hachadourian, director of the Nolen Greenhouses at the New York Botanical Garden, said. One theory, by Daniel Janzen, a professor of biology at the University of Pennsylvania, proposed that these particular flowers are “siblings.” Evolution-wise, having maturation rates that are in-sync may improve the chances of cross-pollination.



A BOTTLE OF GARDEN: VINTAGE 1960 Gardens are usually kept in backyards, greenhouses, and many other practical places. In an English village called Cranleigh, average resident David Latimer took a different approach and grew one in a bottle. What started as an experiment quickly turned into a curious spectacle for many. In 1960, Latimer created a garden in a bottle. After filling a cleaned globular bottle with compost he planted a spiderworts sapling by lowering it with a wire. He then added a quarter of a pint of water and sealed the top with a greased bung to keep it airtight. While it might seem that such an enclosure would make the plant harder to maintain, the opposite seems to be true. The only time additional water was added to the garden was in 1972 and this is because the bottle creates a self-sustaining ecosystem. Water is absorbed by the plant and then water vapor is released through the leaves. Once the vapor condenses on the glass, it trickles down into the soil causing the cycle to repeat. Along with the energy gained by sunlight, it also can gain energy from itself by using the carbon dioxide from the fallen and decaying leaves. Today, the bottled garden sits under the stairs inside Latimer’s house. A nearby window provides enough sunlight for the plant to grow and many gardening experts believe this experiment is a good example of the persistent and self-sustaining nature of plants. NASA even enthused the idea of creating self-sustaining space stations due to plants ability to clean pollutants from the air.

IUCN: PLANET AT THE CROSSROADS Once every four years, the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN) hosts a world conservation congress to discuss and devise solutions to worldwide issues ranging from climate change to gender equality. This past September marked the first time the United States, and Hawai‘i, hosted the congress with the theme being “Planet at the Crossroads.” This focused the congress on environmental conservation matters like species extinction, global warming and the ecosystem economy. As the world’s largest environmental conservation congress, the IUCN brings together thousands of world leaders, business executives, scientific frontrunners and non-governmental organizations (NGOs). Spanning a total of 10 days, the congress was broken down into two parts: the Forum and Members Assembly. The forum served as a discussion hub to exchange information and network with others of like mind to develop solutions to conservation and sustainability issues. Since the forum was open to the public, its 1,500-plus sessions and exhibits provided valuable opportunities to identify and implement useful sustainability strategies in personal and community life. The Members Assembly consists of over 1,300 different member organizations who meet every IUCN congress to make joint decisions on the most important, and often the most controversial, issues in sustainability. Through motions put forth by the members, the larger assembly adopts recommendations and resolutions which not only affect current and future IUCN policies and programs, but influence the workings of organizations around the world. “The IUCN Congress will set the course for using nature-based solutions to help move millions out of poverty, creating a more sustainable economy and restoring a healthier relationship with our planet,” World Bank Group president Jim Kim said.



PARKING STALLS by Chance Nakazato | photos by Marcel Saragena Parking at Leeward Community College seems to be a constant struggle. For students, faculty and staff, finding stalls at reasonable times and at convenient locations often proves difficult. With so much construction occurring simultaneously, and during the busiest hours of the day, some drivers take close to half an hour to even one hour to find parking, and in the most extreme cases students will skip class entirely. Even before the rail broke ground in August 2015, parking has been an outspoken issue. For many students, the situation has become the norm. Leeward student and Student Government intern Rawley Riccio spoke to that notion. “I feel there is a general sense of frustration with the whole parking situation,” Riccio said. “You come to school and then you’re trying to find a parking spot for your car and that really shouldn’t be a priority, especially when you’re trying to ascertain a higher level of education. But it’s an unfortunate reality that we have to deal with, and you know it’s kind of always been like this, so I feel like people want something to be done but it’s very hard to get something that’s


practical, and addresses all of the issues.” Rail construction projects are affecting the campus in different ways. The realignment of Leeward’s only access road, Ala Ike, creates a gridlock for drivers going in and out of campus during the school’s peak hours. The development of a new rail station and train platform in the Ewa-side parking lot—which Kiewit and eventually Hawaiian Dredging will occupy for equipment and materials—has eliminated what seems to be a significant portion of available parking spaces. And the campus theatre, which recently began renovations, is creating campus accessibility issues in itself. To compensate for this loss of parking, and as part of rail project improvements to the campus, the Honolulu Authority for Rapid Transportation (HART) produced 175 additional stalls in the form of the new OCEWD overflow lot located on the Diamond Head side of campus. As reported by Ka Mana‘o’s survey, many students consider the current parking to be insufficient, or that it causes a multitude of other problems with ADA parking, pedestrian safety and accessibility. With a student population of approximately 7,200 students,

not counting faculty and staff this is understandable, however, it’s important to consider all the facts. According to Leeward’s ViceChancellor of Administrative Services Mark Lane, the rail construction has only eliminated approximately 75 parking stalls. Furthermore, the current student population of 7,200, according to Lane, is less than that of recent years where Leeward housed close to 8,000 students. A portion of that number, and today’s demographic take online classes, and approximately 500 other students are enrolled in Leeward’s Early College program, which doesn’t require attending on-campus classes. “So we’ve had worse parking situations before, just not in recent past,” Lane said. “That’s not to say that we don’t have challenges today, but it’s been worse but the good thing is the end is in sight and that’s what we’re trying to promote and make people understand.” Despite the fact that the student population has lessened in recent years, and that only a small number of stalls were lost to construction, parking remains an issue of concern for many. What Lane and others in Administration want to

“The parking situation, this semester in particular, has been extremely stressful. I’ve adjusted my routine to ensure I’m on time to classes and other commitments; however, in the three years I’ve been a student that’s never been necessary. It’s taken me over thirty minutes to find parking some days. In previous semesters I’ve given myself thirty minutes to get to campus and be on time. But this semester, it’s crucial that I leave at least an hour in advance since parking is so unpredictable.”



emphasize though, is that construction is moving along and that the end is in sight. “They broke ground in August 2015 and a lot has happened in just that short time period,” Lane said. “So what I think is the positive of all that, after a little more than a year of construction, is the light at the end of the tunnel is in sight. The major issues that we’re dealing with are short term in nature. So that’s the most important thing, we’ve got some short term challenges, or pain to work through, but at the end of the day long term benefits I think for everybody with rail and the service to the campus.

Proposed Solutions

From a student standpoint, Leeward’s

“Since I get to campus at 8am and no one really goes to the Overflow parking, I have an easy time getting a parking space, but peak times where the overflow parking has no space would be noon. Also the road to get to the overflow parking is very bumpy and muddy. I’m hoping that the rail would be a great alternative.”

Student Government (SG) body is tackling the issue in the form of a proposal. During the semester, SG brainstormed several strategies to solve the parking predicament. One solution that shows promise is a proposed carpooling system. If approved and implemented, this system will reward students who carpool (one driver plus one or more additional vehicle occupants) with designated campus parking stalls and other incentives. Along with incentivizing the act of carpooling, SG hopes to create student jobs which will help maintain and enforce the carpooling initiative. To get the initiative off the ground and have access to other possible solutions, SG is working with Lane who deals heavily in

campus facility affairs. Student Government senator Lindsay Jones is particularly excited about the proposal and what it could do to help alleviate some of the stress attached to parking on campus. “With our proposal, we’re not relying on (Lane) to fix the problem. We’re taking it into our own hands, we’re being the voice of the students and we’re trying,” Jones said. “Now that we’ve come to him with a solution, we have an idea, we just need the help to get there, and he’s the help. He definitely seemed like he was excited about what we proposed.” Other proposed solutions to the parking situation include increasing bus routes to and from campus, as well as its

“We are stressing to find parking on a daily basis, some students canʻt come earlier to diagnose the problem due to their work schedule. We pay money to go to class but our teachers count us late and deduct us from test and quizzes if we are late. The professor says it’s our kuleana to be on time, I understand that, but it’s the schools kuleana to provide appropriate and adequate parking for students to succeed.”



overall availability, increasing awareness regarding the overflow parking options, walking or riding bikes and increasing spaces available for moped/motorcycle patrons. Students have also suggested the development of a multi-level parking structure on campus, however this would entail further discussion and planning.

Lines of Communication

The establishment of clear communication is necessary to solve any problem and the parking dilemma is no different. Student Government President Raezheen Pascua described how establishing communication with Lane helps to keep the process moving forward and keeps both parties receptive and open to change. “I think that’s just because of the approach before,” Pascua said. “Because before, from my understanding, it was more of like ‘this is a problem, what are you going to do about it Mark?’ Now it’s more of like ‘we have one solution, what do you think about it?’ It’s more collaborative, and I think that’s why he’s

more receptive and open, and willing to communicate because it’s not just putting more pressure on him to like solve every single problem that’s going on in the school. I think he really appreciates that.” Another group that has expressed concern over the parking situation is the Academic and Institutional Support Committee (AISC). A sub-committee of the faculty senate at Leeward, AISC also approached Lane regarding accessibility issues for the campus, with parking at the top of their list. Other issues like vehicle ticketing and motorcycle parking also came up, however, no formal proposal was made. Lane praised SG for taking that next step in terms of identifying a problem and searching for a solution. This is something he hopes all students will consider, not only with parking, but any campus issues that may arise. “Sometimes a bigger impact is when the student voice is heard,” Lane said. “So that’s sort of what I encouraged Student Government to look at is, ‘hey, you know it’s okay to send around a petition saying “fix the parking,” but maybe one

of the solutions is for those same kinds of people to get mobilized and say ‘hey, can we do something with The Bus?’ and whether it’s a more frequent route or extend the hours… But I think having conversations and stuff from the user is certainly important too. As far as furthering the proposal, Lane believes a campus-wide discussion involving both entities and the general population of Leeward as a whole is the next step. “I think where this will end up going is that we’ll probably hold a campus-wide kind of discussion,” Lane said. “And I think the timing is going to be appropriate given the bigger issue that I’ve talked about in that we’re going to have to sort of bring all those issues up to light. These are certainly: the carpooling, the motorcycle expansion, The Bus, they’re all part of the solution I think and so I think that opens the door for the campuswide conversation that we need to have… And maybe it’s up to us, meaning the administration, and then definitely me pulling it all together.”

Ala Ike:


• To be widened, resurfaced and restriped • Makai-side shoulder (grass area) to be paved • Parking stalls to be added to newly paved area

Historic Trail:

• Connect Leeward to Pearl Harbor historic trail • Completion will allow walking or biking between Leeward and the Waipahu High School area.



ADA Stalls:

Vehicle Ticketing:

• 36 total (exceeds federal requirements) • Stalls relocated to front of campus to compensate for theatre construction • More stalls should be added due to greater demand

• No vehicle towing • Parking is allowed along curbs/undesignated stalls (if marked stalls aren’t available) • Administration, security and patron collaboration a priority



Uncommon Traditions

by Chance Nakazato illustrations by Lily Chan and Nicholas Jones

Thaipusam In places like India, Singapore and Malaysia, a popular Hinduism festival known as Thaipusam takes place in the month of Thai (January or February) on the night of the full moon. Thaipusam, which is a combination of the words “Thai” — the name of the month in which the festival is held — and “pusam” — the name of a star — is held over several days, drawing thousands of Hindu devotees. A major theme behind the festival is asceticism, or strong self-discipline and devotion to the avoidance of all forms of indulgence. According to the website, Thaipusam holds a slight commemorative atmosphere in the sense that participants use the festival to laud the fulfillment of previously made vows. Also featured during the event are ritual sacrifices in the form of various food offerings (i.e. pots of milk), a four kilometer walk between temples and the transport of Kavadi poles, which themselves hold offerings.

One of the more unique practices is the Kavadi Attam or “Burden Dance.” As the name suggests, it is a type of ritual sacrifice, where devotees partake in self-sacrifice through the piercing of their bodies, often times with hundreds of hooks and needles. This capacity for physical endurance is often said to be made possible through a trance-like state, where the devotee is directly connected to Lord Muruga, who in Hindu culture is the “giver of blessings.” This devotion symbolizes one’s spiritual devotion to both their religion and vows, and no Kavadi is ever the same, because each devotee has their own vows.





The “Christmas Devil”

According to German Christmas tradition, there is a being who epitomizes the notion of an antiSt. Nick. This character, known as Krampus or “Krampusnacht” in German, is also said to be the counterpart to St. Nick and the son of Hel in Norse mythology. Also according to tradition, Krampus possesses the qualities of a demon, goat and various mythological beasts. He also carries a chain, bells and birch sticks used to beat naughty children as opposed to St. Nick’s reward of treats. The “Christmas Devil,” as Krampus is sometimes referred to, is often stated to appear the night before December 6, also known as Krampus Night, where children await the reward of presents

(for good behavior) or a rod (for bad behavior) in footwear placed outside their door. Today, more contemporary adaptations of Krampus are seen around the world. In places like Austria, Hungary, Slovenia and the Czech Republic, Krampus tradition often involves drunken men dressed as devils taking to the streets to participate in “Krampus Runs.” In the United States, a popular trend regarding Krampus involves parties surrounding the character as a form of anti-Christmas celebration.



Christmas is an extremely popular holiday, and it’s celebrated all over the world. However, not all countries celebrate Christmas, at least not in the way the United States does. In South Korea for example, Christmas is celebrated as both a national and romantic holiday. As part of South Korea’s popular culture, Christmas is a holiday proportionate to Valentine’s day, where participants — specifically couples — prefer to go out on dates or clubbing. A large part of popular culture in Korea is the prevalence of K-pop music. Much like western Christmas songs, K-pop during Christmas emphasizes the notion of cultivating relationships and love. Examples might include MBLAQ’s “White Forever,” Boyfriend’s “I’ll Be There,” and Pledis Family’s “Love Letter.” Despite the fact that western culture and Korean culture differ in the overall celebration of Christmas, the idea and spirit of the holiday are essentially the same: to spend time with family and loved ones.

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Hoping to improve his inking capabilities and adopt healthier drawing habits, Utahbased illustrator Jake Parker established InkTober in 2009, a month-long, ink-based drawing challenge that, to this day, thousands of artists participate in annually.

by Chance Nakazato illustrations by Lily Chan and Matthew McAngus






hirty-day challenges have become extremely popular methods to enact change in a person’s life, develop healthier habits or just try something new. In the span of 30 days, participants can choose any activity—exercise regimens, eating healthier food, meditation etc., and as long as the practice is maintained, the challenge is completed. Similar to other 30-day challenges, InkTober requires participants to draw consistently. Each day, artists create one ink-based illustration, then, utilizing social media, post their work with the hashtag #inktober. Challenges can also be altered to match comfort level or follow a theme. InkTober routines can consist of the full 31 days, a half-marathon (every other day) or what Parker calls a “5k” (illustrations

once a week), so long as artists work throughout October. Upon learning of InkTober, Leeward assistant professor of fine arts Michael Harada, decided to incorporate the challenge into his ART 213 Intermediate Drawing course. In place of daily journal illustrations, Harada had each student complete the challenge, encouraging the use of ink-based tools and instilling confidence in students’ abilities. “The whole thing of drawing everyday is just, I believe, … a necessity if you’re doing this (drawing) seriously,” Harada said. “I am a big fan of drawing with ink. I love ink. That’s my go-to because I always tell people when they ask me why I ink, ‘It keeps you honest, because it does not lie. It lets you know right away where you’re at. It just stares back at you when you get those marks.’ It’s



intimidating because it’s permanent so all of those things challenge you in ways that it should challenge you.” Harada also put his own twist on the challenge. Throughout the month of October, he had students utilize a variety of different tools and techniques ranging from regular pens, ink washing, quill tips, fountain pens and constructible bamboo pens. Leeward student Johnnyss Martinez is a three-time veteran of the InkTober challenge as well as a former ART 213 student. She first discovered it through social media where several of the artists that she follows participate in InkTober themselves. Upon seeing this, she decided to participate, and employing both ink and pencil, found it to be a beneficial practice. “You come face-to-face with your mistakes,” Martinez said. “And so



you get to learn from them because you obviously can’t erase them, and it’s just like you learning (about) yourself, where you’re at, and you can see each day, if you were to do it in a sketchbook. You can see what you need more help on. … I recommend it to most people that I know who draw.” Unlike the lofty tradition of New Year’s resolutions, 30-day challenges are much smaller commitments. With only one month, participants are not bound to a drastic lifestyle change. This freedom allows the participant room to adopt the positive behavior into their lives versus being overwhelmed. Since the creation of InkTober, Parker has partnered with a company called ArtSnacks which provides customers — pending a monthly $20 subscription — high-quality art supplies shipped via Art Boxes. These boxes include items ranging from

notepads and sharpeners to Swedish Fish candy. In addition to receiving materials, ArtSnacks subscribers have the opportunity to participate in the #ArtSnacksChallenge, which calls for the artist to use only those provided materials in ordered Art Boxes to create illustrations. Using ink to illustrate is a practice many people shy away from, most likely due to the permanence of the marks and the patience and precision it requires. However, it can also free an artist in the sense that practice and getting comfortable with making mistakes helps one to grow. “With pen, it has to be used so that it really is clear as to how you are organizing the page, what’s going to be where and that mark is there, it’s undeniable,” Harada said. “It forces you to be decisive, you have to be confident. It should be and will be clear: your decisiveness or indecisiveness.”



It keeps you honest, because it does not lie. Michael Harada



#LuckyweliveHI structural integrity 20



beach pictures strewn across instagram. However, there are more dimensions to the beauty of the islands than simply its earthly attributes. There is also a cultural aspect that is uniquely diverse and more easily accessible in Hawai‘i than, arguably, anywhere else.

by Melany McAngus



NAME: Byodo-In Temple LOCATION: Valley of the Temples, Kaneohe

Built in 1968, this small-scale replica of the 950-year-old temple in Kyoto, Japan was erected in honor of the 100th anniversary of the first Japanese immigrants to land in Hawaii. Surrounded by a cemetery, this is a place of peace where people can reflect on loved ones, connect with nature, meditate and pray. Upon entering the grounds of this temple, guests are privy to a gorgeous overview of the large reflection pond, abundant foliage,



and roaming wildlife. Along the path to the temple stands a bell house holding a three-ton brass bell that was cast in Japan. The bell’s toll is low and resonant. Customarily, it is rung to clear the mind of those who enter. Since the original Byodo-In Temple was a Buddhist temple, the hallmark of the Oahu-based replica is a nine-foot, carved, golden Buddha sitting on a lotus.

NAME: Kaniakapupu Ruins LOCATION: 4295 Nuuanu Pali Dr, Honolulu

Located off the Pali Highway are the ruins of King Kamehameha’s summer home. Constructed in 1845, this home was used as a get-away for the King and his family, as well as a gathering place and entertainment venue. In 1847, on Hawaiian Restoration Day, a luau was thrown that had an estimated 10,000 guests in attendance. Originally called Luhukaha or “place of relaxation”, the house was later renamed Kaniakapupu or “song of



the sand shell” after the heiau located nearby that was once a place of healing used by the Kahuna. Little is known as to why the dwelling was abandoned, which adds to it’s eerie beauty.

K DAR ER T WIN 16 20


REVIEWS compiled by Ka Mana‘o staff

Mixed Reviews contains some staff opinions about art, music, and entertainment. This time around, Mixed Reviews covers some of the bleaker pieces that the staff have picked up recently.


TEN BILLION With an active, no nonsense approach, Stephen Emmott, the author of “Ten Billion” introduces readers to a stark truth: humans are killing the planet. Utilizing a combination of powerful statistics and images, Emmott poses numerous issues concerned with industrialized society that are damaging the earth’s biosphere, such as deforestation, acidification of the oceans and the potential for large-scale resource wars. He also identifies what he believes is the root of said issues: a rising global population that is projected to reach ten billion by 2050. Throughout the book, Emmott dissects each issue, while providing different solutions mostly dealing with technological change or alterations of behavior. Visually, “Ten Billion’s” layout is effective at balancing a copious amount of statistical information and slightly depressing images, however, its use of page space

can be seen as hypocritical. The pages that do have text only hold one to two paragraphs; some just have one sentence. From an environmental sustainability standpoint, this can be seen as extremely ineffective. Altogether, this issue of overpopulation, and the others previously mentioned, are too critical to ignore. Emmott’s overarching goal with “Ten Billion” is to bring these issues to light and to educate readers at all levels of consciousness. Despite this intention, Emmott does take a satirical stance on whether people will really act. “We urgently need to do— and I mean actually do—something radical to avert a global catastrophe,” Emmott wrote. “But I don’t think we will. I think we’re fucked.” “Ten Billion” is available through Amazon in electronic and paperback form.



Cover art courtesy of Penguin Pubilshing



Image courtesy of

“Gay Apathy,” a 23-page zine by J Bearhat, examines the unexplored ennui in LGBTQ+ experiences — gay men in particular, as this zine is centered around their experience — using both page-long, stream-of-consciousness narratives and impactful one-liners set over bleak, blurry, black-and-white photos. Bearhat explains “Gay Apathy” at the end. They explain that gayness has been commercialized, politicized, ostracized — so much so that gay people have been disenfranchised from the experience. Bearhat writes mostly about gay social media presence and how gay men interact with other people. The oversexualization of the gay identity and the mainly white representation are a few of the topics that Bearhat

A SERIES OF UNFORTUNATE EVENTS With the premiere date looming ever closer, Netflix has dropped a few teasers for its newest and most expensive original series, one of particularly unfortunate events. Never one to promote his own books, Lemony Snicket (Patrick Warburton) instead warns his audience of the bleak and miserable events to come in his signature, serious-yet-humorous tone. Ending with a sinister line sung off-screen by the series’ antagonist Count Olaf, this teaser is sure to spark excitement among long-time fans of the books. In the second teaser, a glimpse into the series’ artfully somber world and a reveal of Olaf’s (Neil Patrick Harris) face is shown along with bits of dialogue attesting to the lengths of his treachery.

covers in the zine. Because of the way that Bearhat switches between the two so quickly and effortlessly, the candor and the satire are muddled into a single, dizzying experience. On one page, Bearhat links being gay to alcoholism and, almost instantly, turns around to playfully jab at the frequent creation of gay slang. At the end of “Gay Apathy,” Bearhat explains: gayness and the gay experience are being dissected and reproduced over and over again, so much so that it’s almost been taken away from them completely. Whether or not Bearhat intended for “Gay Apathy” to be a call to action, readers may feel the urge to evaluate their identity as LGBTQ+ people and take steps to reclaim it.


The books chronicle the lives of the three Baudelaire orphans, thrust by the murder of their parents into both the custody of the Count and a world of turmoil. As they attempt to escape his schemes and learn more about the secretive lives of their late guardians, their exploits are chronicled by Snicket. His distinct narrative style is known for its wry, dark humor that makes light of otherwise despondent situations. Warburton’s brief appearance faithfully employs Snicket’s tendency to contextualize vocabulary through the phrase, “a word which here means...” The season will consist of eight episodes and is slated to premiere on a very appropriate Friday, January 13.

Image courtesy of Netflix




A pharmaceutical company known as “Umbrella,” released several viruses and parasites into the world. These antigens transformed normal, everyday people into grotesque biological abominations that wreaked havoc on civilization. The “Resident Evil” franchise has seen a lot of change over the years. After the release of “Resident Evil 4,” the games have become more action-orientated. Combat is more intense, the plot mirrors most of its live-action movies, and there are plenty of quick time events and button-mashing sequences. This attracted new action fans, but lost others because it the lacked that signature scary atmosphere that made the first three games so memorable. In response, Capcom went back to their horror roots with “Resident Evil 7.” To signify the dramatic switch, a classic thirdperson perspective has been

swapped for a more intimate firstperson experience. This was done further immerse the player in the game. There’s also a new cast of characters. Usually, the classic protagonists of older games would be given a cameo, but that’s not the case in this installment. A new cast creates a whole new story, which compliments the classic character decision-driven “Resident Evil” storylines. Aside from these changes, there has been no further information and it looks like Capcom intends to keep it that way. It seems Umbrella isn’t the only one keeping secrets.

Outlast 2

An interesting scoop on a mysterious murder leads two reporters to a desert in Arizona. On their way to the location, the helicopter they were flying in crashed causing them to split up and get trapped in the middle of nowhere. While trying to regroup with each other, the two quickly



find out the horrific truth behind the murder. Now, they must run for their lives lest they end up like the victim they were investigating. The first “Outlast” was lauded for its maniacal enemies, intense chase sequences, and chilling environment. All of which were made possible due to the game’s mental institution setting, and the unique mechanic of using a night vision camera. This gameplay style puts players constantly on edge. From the looks of its demo, the mechanics of “Outlast 2” remain the same as the first, however its new setting definitely sets it apart. In what seems to be a canyon, shoddy buildings, fields of dirt and crops give the player a false sense of security as their pursuers are more than capable of navigating the terrain and utilizing it as well. It appears that the best course of action is to not only outwit the enemy, but to outlast them as well.

by Gerick Banga illustrations by Matt McAngus


rom slasher villains to starving zombies, horror games are coming back in full swing. This masquerade of horror cliches can be found in upcoming titles ranging from existing series, such as “Resident Evil, to new intellectual property (IP). While all these new titles boast different gameplay elements, gamers can expect the same heart thumping and blood curdling experience.

Little Nightmares

A girl is trapped in a mysterious place. Everything is gigantic in size. Her stature comparable to a mouse. Six must now must escape this gargantuan world, but there’s some less than friendly creatures wanting to make her acquaintance. The visual style of “Little Nightmares” is comparable to that of a Tim Burton movie. The environments and characters have a childlike element, but there’s an added aspect about them that makes them a bit creepy. This choice of design is most likely due to one of game’s themes: childhood fears. What may seem scary might just be figment of the player’s imagination. “Little Nightmares” also gets comparisons to the game “Limbo,” a puzzle-platform game that makes players find creative and sometimes dangerous solutions to advance forward. “Little Nightmares” takes this concept and uses its setting to create its own unique dynamic. The

huge world makes exploring the area a daunting task, but it’s size also makes it an unconventional ally. Players will have to use the environment to their advantage to elude potential foes. One thing is certain about this game. Although it’s a small competitor, it definitely has enormous potential.

Friday the 13th

Jason Vorhees. One of the most recognized slasher villains to ever grace the big screen is now headed towards game consoles and PCs. His most notable iconography being his trademark hockey mask and signature machete. While the machete is his weapon of choice, he is capable of using anything in the environment to his advantage. And if anyone dares to even harm him, it will all be futile because of his supernatural resiliency. The game takes an interesting approach that sets itself apart from most horror games. Players can



challenge others online where they can take control of either Jason or a camp counselor. Jason wants all to meet an untimely end while all the counselors want is to escape. While most horror games place the player in the “hunted” role, “Friday the 13th” lets the player do the hunting for a change. Because of this new approach, there are two different gameplay styles. Players who control Jason are given an arsenal of weapons to find, as well as supernatural abilities that help stalk other players. Counselors must use only their cunning to evade Jason. How the counselors win over Jason is also up to them, they can either work together or fend for themselves. This dynamic makes players sweat and make rash decisions causing friction in groups. It begs the question whether the real danger is each other and not Jason, creeping in the woods.

MONOCHROME by Melany McAngus

Monochromatic fashion is a current and very prevalent fashion trend, worn by celebrities and fashion bloggers alike. The term refers to separates of the same color, but with a mixture of different textures, tones and patterns to create a streamlined, tonal look. This look adds depth and dimension to any outfit and makes people look taller and leaner by creating an uninterrupted line from head to toe. Monochromatic fashion can be incorporated into any style and can be used with any color palette. It’s sophisticated and eye-catching while also being an easy and effortless outfit to put together. Here are a few tips and tricks to make this trend really work.



OMBRE Draw the eye up by creating an gradient with your clothes (dark hues on the bottom, light hues on top). Utilizing this tip can make one look slimmer and taller, because the eye will naturally be drawn up by lighter colors.



SEASONAL COLOR PALETTES Utilize the season’s color palette to make any outfit look up-to-date and in season.

Don’t be afraid to go for patterns. Bold patterns can break up the monotony of a one-tone outfit and small detailed patterns add texture. Mixing patterns is also a great way to add a quirky touch.



MIX TEXTURES Tough leather and delicate lace, crinkly tulle and soft cashmere. Mixing and matching different fabric textures creates a contrasting look that is dynamic and interesting.



ACTIVATED CHARCOAL: by Kayla Bradley | illustration by Leah Halferty

WHY YOU NEED THIS IN YOUR LIFE: Using activated charcoal for beauty and health is not new. It has been around for years but is only now becoming widely known due to many beauty bloggers. Charcoal usually brings up thoughts of barbecues and grilled chicken, so when I first heard about a mask made with charcoal, I was understandably skeptical. However, the craze behind this new, unconventional skincare trend

had my interest piqued, so I decided to give it a go. When charcoal is activated, it means oxygen is present. Activated charcoal is made with either hardwood trees or coconut shells. The charcoal is carbon and 100 percent alkaline. It is important to know that activated charcoal can be made with other substances as well, including petroleum coke, sawdust


or bone char, so be sure that the charcoal is organic. According to contributing editor Sable, the alkaline component of activated charcoal creates rotating negative charges. These negative charges attract positively charged atoms like toxins while the oxygen within the charcoal removes the toxins from your skin.

Blemish treatment: Mix 1 capsule with 8 drops of water and leave on for 30 minutes. Bug bites: Mix 1 capsule with a few drops of water and apply to bite. Leave on overnight. Teeth Whitening: Add some activated charcoal powder to toothpaste and brush thoroughly. Skin brightener: 1 tablespoon of raw honey and 3 capsules of activated charcoal. Blend thoroughly and leave on skin for 20 minutes. Skin Mask: Combine two capsules of activated charcoal with ½ teaspoon of bentonite clay and 1 ½ teaspoons of water. Mix until dissolved.



FREEDOM LIES IN BEING BOLD by Kayla Bradley | illustrations by Leah Halferty

Bold lip colors may not be the most practical for everyday use but it doesn’t matter. Practical means boring. Step up and stand out with these lip colors.



Deborah is a chestnut color with a warm undertone. This color has a luminous touch to it so applies slippery yet evenly. With one swipe, you’ll get lots of pigment, this is perfect for a night out on the town when you want chic but sexy.

NARS created a velvet matte lip pencil, which is genius because this lip pencil then becomes a liner and a lipstick. It has a matte finish but goes on the lips with a velvety texture to prevent drying so it’s perfect for long wear and comfortability



StingRAYE (named after its’ collaborator, Raye Boyce) is a mauve and cool toned neutral. This color looks good on many skin tones due to its brown undertone. It’s great to have this in your collection for the days you need a little confidence boost.

Vamp is actually sort of maroon. It has a dark and warm undertone and works great with any skin color. It is great for those winter parties coming up. Pair it with a nice smokey eye to really break necks.

COLOURPOP TEENY: Don’t let that name fool you; this bold look is dark and fierce. This is a deep grey-plum color. With neutral to warm undertones, it tends to look brown on lighter skin tones.


COLOURPOP LADY: Lady is a plum-brown with a slight gloss texture as opposed to the matte lipsticks. It also has a pleasant vanilla scent.

This is the dynamic duo for conquering the world. The mixture between red and brown creates a warm neutral, a must for any winter look.

COLOURPOP TULLE: This matte finish will have lips looking flawless. This color is more mauve and neutral to warmer skin tones. Great for more seasons than just winter, can be used for fall too.



Off the Eaten Path by Melany McAngus

night out on chinatown 34


Grondin 62 N Hotel Street, Honolulu, HI 96817 Weekdays (lunch): 11am to 2pm Weekends (brunch): 10 a.m. to 3 p.m. Daily (dinner): 5 p.m. - 10 p.m. First Fridays (dinner): 5pm to midnight Daily Happy Hour: 5 p.m. - 6 p.m.


estaurant owners David and Jenny Segarra established this restaurant two years ago and are serving French-Latin cuisine, inspired by the dishes they enjoyed growing up. The indoor dining is a place where camaraderie and casual dining meet. It’s an inviting space that provides the perfect atmosphere for larger get-togethers or just meeting a new friend over drinks. This greatly contrasts from the more serene and quiet atmosphere of the outdoor courtyard. The lovely, outdoor courtyard features a koi pond, waterfall, exposed brick, and a willow tree strung with lights that really set a relaxing, immersive atmosphere

perfect for getting to know that special someone. It’s definitely worth making a reservation. The service is superb. The wait staff are attentive and can guide any novice through the menu to choose from their many great food selections. Almost immediately after ordering, the wait staff brought a complimentary amuse-bouche to cleanse the palate and ramps up the appetite. A lot of recommended dishes featured duck, and that is because they do it well. The charcuterie board was a singular, interactive experience. Portions of freshly cured ham, pickled onion, whole-grain mustard, duck liver pate, duck rillette



(salted duck slow cooked in its own fat), flat-leaf cilantro and pickles along with a basket of fresh crostini. There are no bad combinations. The crepes mole negro is a light small-plate option that features two delicate crepes filled with a duck confit that melts in the mouth. The acidity of the lime creme fraiche, combined with the freshness of the cilantro, cuts through the duck fat. The duck breast is medium-rare, with crisp skin and tender meat. Served with kale and a puree of ginger and carrots over a spiced honey gastrique, this dish is a crowd favorite.

Fete 2 North Hotel Street, Honolulu, HI 96817 Monday - Thursday: 11 a.m. – 10 p.m. Friday: 11 a.m. – 11 p.m. Saturday: 5 p.m. – 11 p.m.


ete is a newer addition to the Chinatown scene, having opened its doors just this past year. This restaurant does have a 40-table capacity, so the wait time can be extreme. Consider opting for the chef’s counter, which has a shorter wait time and has a great view of all the kitchen action. Another plus for the counter seating is that it is much quieter and more intimate than the hustle and bustle of the main dining area. Wait staff is attentive to customers from the moment they arrive, even those waiting for table. While waiting for a seat at the counter, one can enjoy a drink and some snacks at little window with a street view. The in-house seating has a very upbeat energy and a laid-back, minimal aesthetic. Exposed brick walls, dark wood accents, mood lighting, and potted succulents make this place look like it came straight out of a Pinterest interior design board. Overall, the restaurantwide, almost-too-cool atmosphere will distract from the fact that there isn’t a table ready for you yet. The centerpiece of the evening is definitely the food. The menu features a small but delicious selection of farm-to-table appetizers and entrees. One of the most delicious menu item is the risotto. It’s bright and creamy, with a lemony flavor that is a surprisingly perfect compliment to the rich cheesiness — borderline life changing.



Campus Voices Q: What are your end of the year plans? photos by Millicent Alvarez

“ “

Well, I like to hang out with my good friend Christopher Manahan, he picks me up sometimes and we go to party, bowling.

Normally we go to Kaua‘i for my family because they’re all from there but recently we’ve just been having gathering here with the family that’s just on this island. So for Thanksgiving, we’ll go to the country club because my aunties are members over there. And then Christmas, everybody comes over to our house and it’s a big thing. - Kylie Yamamoto, Kinesiology

- Cale Guillermo, Television Production

Probably just a lot of sleep and a lot of dieting because school has taken up a majority of my time. - Tomi V. Danielson, Nursing




by Leah Halferty

by Tanner Isaacs



instagram showcase #kamanaoleeward to get featured! Follow @Ka_Manao on Instagram for news and updates.












Kaepernick’s Right and Wrong submitted by Ikaika Nakagawa illustration by Trina Sisomvang


olin Kaepernick is a name not in headlines too much due to the 2016 election. But with him possibly returning to start as quarterback for the San Francisco 49ers, we all have to wonder will he continue to kneel towards the United States anthem and flag. Kaepernick’s stated his reasons for protesting, “I am not going to stand up and show pride in a flag for a country that oppresses black people of color.” Kaepernick also stated, “To me, this is bigger than football and it would be selfish on my part to look the other way. There are bodies in the street and people getting paid leave and getting away with murder.” While I agree this is clearly a righteous and justified motive, I disagree with his targeting of the United States flag and anthem. Kaepernick has the freedom to do what he wants, the First Amendment is one of our rights as a citizen of the United States. But how can he not pledge to the flag that gives him this right. In an article published by The New York Times, Harvard economics professor Roland G. Fryer Jr., stated that while police are more likely to touch, handcuff, or pepper spray a black person, when it comes to lethal force, the police has no racial bias. I agree that cops need to

stop being racially biased, but they aren’t just going around shooting black people. Kaepernick may have done this stunt with good intentions but the feedback he received on Twitter and other social media outlets was a barrage of insults, slander, and death threats that was more distracting and detrimental to the issue. So while I agree with Kaepernick’s message, I disagree with how he chose to show his support of the issue.

Written submissions can be sent to



Loss of Culture is a Loss of Sustainability submitted by Lacey Kon illustration by Trina Sisomvang


t is reasonable to conclude that there aren’t enough resources to support Hawai‘i’s residential population and unfortunately, this has been a problem since the large influx of plantation farmers in the 1830s. Although Hawai‘i seems like the perfect island get-away, we know that surviving here is dependent on larger nations who import our daily necessities. On windward Oahu, local families grew kalo, ‘uala, mai‘a, etc. and many more crops to provide food for their families. In 1866, O‘ahu’s stream flows were diverted; rather than feeding the family foods, the water flowed to leeward O‘ahu and to this day, waters the golf courses, waterfalls, resorts, as well as residential and commercial developments on the west side. With the water restored to its natural course, our cousins in windward O‘ahu can restore their fields and in time, the resources can be revitalized and our local families will be sustained through the food from our ‘āina. In an attempt to measure sustainable island communities, a UH study group studied 52 islands with a population over 50,000 residents. When food and water

was taken into consideration, O‘ahu received an overall score of 140 on a scale of 30 to 300 (30 being “very bad” and 300 being “very good”). Considering how sustainable our ancestors were, every day is a downgrade from yesterday. Instead of depending on larger nations to transport basic needs to us, we should aim to support ourselves, taking advantage of the fertile lands found on our island home. The British adventurer, writer and televised survival expert, Bear Grylls, notes the main principles of survival as shelter, water, fire, and food. After centuries of living independently, our kūpuna were fully capable of living a comfortable, sustainable life before the arrival of foreigners. Today, Hawai‘i is digging deeper holes, metaphorically and physically, making a level of sustainability more difficult to achieve. It is time for sovereignty as Uncle Calvin Hoe teaches, “plant da taro, catch da fish.”

Written submissions can be sent to



NOTE TO Wildfi

Ka Mana‘o staff

is the student publication of Leeward Community College. It is published quarterly, funded by student fees and advertising, and administered by the Board of Student Communications. Editorial content reflects views only of staff. Ka Mana’o welcomes students interested in being staff members, as well as submissions of creative works. Ka Mana’o reserves the right

to edit for length and content, and publication is not guaranteed. All content published in Ka Mana’o and its website may not be reprinted or republished in any form without permission. Copies of Ka Mana’o are available at newsstands throughout campus. Copyright 2016 Board of Student Communications

Stanley Lee adviser

Lily Chan Leah Halferty Matthew McAngus Trina Sisomvang illustrators

Chance Nakazato editor-in-chief

Note: Last issue, a photo from Tea on Fleek was used in “Off the Eaten Path” that was pulled from their website without attribution. We apologize for the incident.

Melany McAngus Nate Jaramillo associate editors

Gerick Banga Kayla Bradley Tanner Isaacs writers

Jasmine Bautista layout editor

Aaron Pila Aryss Peralta Milli Alvarez photographers

Melany McAngus Marcel Saragena photo editors

Nick Jones Megan Ridings designers 42



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Winter 2016  

Dark winter

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