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Serving the students of the University of Hawai‘i at Mānoa. M noa.


S av e f o o d CTAHR professor studies new way to preserve food DANIELLE G ORMAN Staff Writer University of Hawai‘i at M ā noa associate professor Soojin Jun, Ph.D., received a grant to study a new high-tech way of preserving food for storage and shipping. Jun works in the College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources’ Department of Human Nutrition, Food and Animal Sciences and wanted to do a research project to show the loss of quality in food items caused by freezing and thawing during storage and transportation, which leads to waste and a decrease in economic value. The project aims to ensure food security and sustainability in Hawai‘i and the

Pacifi c Basin. A three-year $500,000 Improving Food Quality and Value grant was awarded to Jun and co-principal investigator Peter Berkelman, Ph.D. Berkelman is also an associate professor in the School of Engineering. The grant was given through the United States Department of Agriculture’s National Institute of Food and Agriculture. Jun said the proposed technology could have an impact on the majority of food industries and business sectors in dealing with raw and frozen food products. The new technology would ensure food quality and freshness during the storage period. “Fresh produce or tropical fruits as well as grass-fed beef products can be exported fresh and unfrozen during sur-

face transportation,” Jun said. “This will help local farmers and entrepreneurs turn their raw food materials into profitable value-added food products, therefore contributing to a signifi cant economic gain for the local society.” Jun said he worked with student Jin Hong Mok, who has helped him with the designing and optimization of the prototyped supercooling device since January 2012. “(Mok) provided excellent quality of preliminary data to make our USDA proposal the most compelling case so that it could be awarded through the nationwide competition environment,” Jun said. Jun said the consequences of freezing and thawing are the signifi cant problem on the quality of food products.

“During the freezing process, water crystallization can result in irreversible damages to tissue structures,” Jun said. “When a polar liquid (i.e. water) is exposed to an external electric fi eld, it undergoes polarization that re-orientates and vibrates water molecules.” According to Jun, water is diamagnetic, which may develop a magnetic dipole moment in quick response to an applied magnetic field, leading to rearrangement of water molecules. “Thus, combination of these two field strengths would effectively interrupt critical ice nucleation in food matrices and extend the supercooling status of foods even at subzero temperatures,” Jun said. Continued on page 2

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Twitter @kaleoohawaii | | Noelle Fujii Editor | Fadi Youkhana Associate


K A LEO Food that lasts T H E


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EDITORIAL STAFF Editor in Chief Bianca Bystrom Pino Managing Editor Joseph Han Chief Copy Editor Kim Clark Assoc Chief Copy Editor Kirstie Campbell News Editor Noelle Fujii Assoc News Editor Fadi Youkhana Features Editor Jackie Perreira Assoc Features Editor Karissa Montania Opinions Editor Doorae Shin Sports Editor Joey Ramirez Assoc Sports Editor Jeremy Nitta Comics Editor Nicholas Smith Co-Photo Editor Chasen Davis Co-Photo Editor Ismael Ma Online Photo Editor Jessica Homrich Web Specialist Blake Tolentino

ADVERTISING E-mail Ad Manager Gabrielle Pangilinan PR Coordinator Tianna Barbier Ka Leo O Hawai‘i is the campus newspaper of the University of Hawai‘i at Mānoa. It is published by the Board of Publications three times a week except on holidays and during exam periods. Circulation is 10,000. Ka Leo is also published once a week during summer sessions with a circulation of 5,000. Ka Leo is funded by student fees and advertising. Its editorial content reflects only the views of its writers, reporters, columnists and editors, who are solely responsible for its content. No material that appears in Ka Leo may be reprinted or republished in any medium without permission. The first newsstand copy is free; for additional copies, please visit Ka Leo. Subscription rates are $50 for one semester and $85 for one year. ©2012 Board of Publications.

From page 1 The proposed technology will ill not re re-quire sequential freezing-thawing proi cesses for long-term food storage, so food quality can be maintained as fresh without structural damage, such as drip loss, softness and loss of valuable nutrients. The freezing process causes damage because of water cr ystallization that can result in irre versible damage to tissue structures, which causes nutritional and sensor y deterioration when thawing is completed.

Jun believes this process will make products easier to ship. He said there are numerous circumstances that can occur where fresh produce and meat are exposed to inappropriate storage conditions, which eventually leads to a decrease in food quality. “Shipping of frozen foods requires a lot of costly prep work, including packaging and speedy delivery; however, unfrozen and fresh foods kept in the special freezing chamber needs no special attention during transportation,” Jun said.

UH appoints new Executive Vice President for Academic Affairs NOELLE F UJII News Editor Linda Johnsrud, the university’s Executive Vice President for Academic Affairs/ Provost, is leaving UH on Dec. 31, and Associate Vice President for Academic Affairs Joanne Itano is stepping in as interim. “I am pleased to continue to contribute to the University of Hawai‘i,” Itano said. “I am grateful for the many opportunities I have had in my 35 years at UH. I will continue our work on the Hawaii Graduation Initiative, whose goal is to increase by 10,000, the number of degrees/certificates awarded by 2015 through a continued focus on performance outcomes, our 15 to Finish campaign and collaboration with our 10 campuses.” Itano, whose appointment was approved at the Board of Regents’ Nov. 21 meeting, said the university

ADMINISTRATION The Board of Publications, a student organization chartered by the University of Hawai‘i Board of Regents, publishes Ka Leo O Hawai‘i. Issues or concerns can be reported to the board (Rebekah Carroll, chair; Nicholas Pope, vice chair; or Mechelins Kora Iechad, treasurer) via Visit

Jun also wants to use this high-tech new way to preserve ffood d for other h purposes. He said he anticipates this technology can also be applied to medical applications in organs, tissues and cell transplants as their functions are retained as cells are kept alive. Jun said instead of freezing the food, products are in a supercooling state, which he explained is when the water temperature drops below its freezing point. There is no phase transition from water to ice while water remains in a liquid phase.

is working on the statewide 55 by 25 campaign, which aims to see 55 percent of working-class adults with a two- or four-year college degree by 2025. Itano said that according to a study, only 41 percent of Hawai‘i’s working-age adults currently have two- or four-year degrees.

THE EXECUTIVE VICE PRESIDENT FOR AC A D E M I C A F FA I R S According to Director of Communications Jodi Leong, there is no fi rm plan or timeline for the search for EVPA A. The position will not include the title of Provost, and there will be no search for a provost at this time. Itano will only hold the Executive VP position. Johnsrud said she believes she is the first and only person to hold the titles of EVPAA and Provost at UH. The title of “Provost” was given to Johnsrud by former President M.R.C. Greenwood to signify the breadth of Johnsrud’s responsibilities beyond academic affairs, which include, human resources, collective bargaining and labor relations.



Linda Johnsrud.

Johnsrud will serve as the Associate Vice Chancellor for Academic Affairs at the University of Texas System, which includes nine campuses and six health institutions, starting Jan. 1.

The Wisconsin native said her daughter and granddaughter live in Texas. “I’ve been here 25 years, and I’ve never really thought about leaving before,” Johnsrud said. “But my mom and my husband’s parents are on the mainland as well, and we just decided that it was probably time to move home.” As the Associate Vice Chancellor for Academic Affairs for the University of Texas, Johnsrud said her job will focus on student success. “I hope to bring some of what I’ve learned from the Hawai‘i Graduation Initiative to the system there because the graduation rates really vary across the campuses,” Johnsrud said. Throughout her time at UH, Johnsrud has held multiple positions, including Associate Dean for Academic Affairs, Assistant Professor and Professor in Educational Administration in the College of Education at Mā noa. She was promoted to the Executive Vice President and Provost position in January 2011. While in the position, Johnsrud developed the new tuition schedule for the system in the context of future funding needs and revised the Board of Regents’ Executive Policy on tuition assistance and financial aid. “What I’m most proud of is the Hawai‘i Graduation Initiative,” Johnsrud said.

In 2007, the university began to establish the State Higher Education Agenda, which included four points that developed into the university’s strategic directions and performance measures. The performance measures include increasing the degree attainment of native Hawaiians, increasing the number of degrees and certificates and achievements awarded and increasing the total UH output in workforce shortage areas. “I’m most proud of the strategic planning and the performance measures that we’ve put together in the system,” Johnsrud said. “Since 2008 when this started, we’ve increased the number of degrees and certificates awarded by 27 percent. And we’ve increased the number of transfer students from two-year to four-year by 30 percent in the same period.” Interim President David Lassner said the university is grateful for Johnsrud’s dedicated service and work on projects ranging from tuition setting to performance measures. “UH could always count on Linda to bring integrity, intelligence, diligence, collegiality, humor and graciousness to the hardest projects anywhere in the system,” Lassner said in a press release. “She brought UH and Hawai‘i into prominence on the national stage with the policies and practices she initiated here, and we will miss her deeply. But we wish Linda and her family the very best.” | Gabrielle Pangilinan Student Ad Manager

Page 3 | Ka Leo | Monday, Dec. 9 2013

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President’s Message Aloha students,

Happy Monday! As we enter the last week of instruction, I hope you are all ready to not only close off the semester, but are ready to soon kick off the New Year. I also want to congratulate and recognize all of our graduating seniors this semester. On behalf of the undergraduates, I wish you all luck in your future endeavors and success in wherever your journey takes you next.

This past month, ASUH passed many pieces of legislation that will positively affect students, as well as collaborated with many outside departments, offices, and student groups to serve you. We have initiated our U-PASS Survey to gather the thoughts of students on our program that allows unlimited bus rides every semester, as well as are continuing having the Angel Tree program right here on campus for the fourth year in a row. We have also appropriated funds to support various studentfocused programs and events, including the recent March on the Capitol and Sinclair Study Nights during finals week. Lastly, we have taken numerous stances through resolutions regarding supporting a sustainability policy and the establishment of a U.S. Presidential Youth Council. On behalf of the students I serve, I wish you all a Happy Holiday season and I commit to you the Senate’s continuous efforts in 2014 to represent you. Sincerely, Richard Mizusawa President, ASUH 101st Senate

Page 4 | Ka Leo | Monday, Dec. 9 2013

Twitter @kaleofeatures | |Jackie Perreira Editor |Karissa Montania Associate

Features Monday Night Live: Makana M ARINA R IKER Staff Writer

Many artists strive to create work that evokes a sense of meaning through aesthetic perfection. Makana is doing just that: His unerring slack key melodies and conscious communication through his music have earned him a place in music history. An O‘ahu native, Makana is celebrated worldwide for his skill with slack key guitar, but predominantly for his melodies’ underlying messages for social change. “I attempt to address themes of relevance to our lives, the lives of those whom we know, love and observe in our community,” Makana said. Born Matthew Swalinkavich, he learned ‘ukulele and slack key guitar. By age 14, he was performing professionally. Makana’s style, coined as “slack rock,” is built on the foundations of the traditional Hawaiian musical form of slack key. He integrates bluegrass, rock, blues and raga, classical Indian melodies, into his songs of the islands. “I have a meditation I engage while performing: I am the audience, they are not separate from me,” Makana said. “This is how I tune into


my audience. It is always very spontaneous; I work with whatever vibe is in the space. I absorb the energy of the audience and amplify it back to them with intensity and precision.” His connection with audiences has gained him recognition as one of the “greatest living players” of slack key guitar by Esquire Magazine. His song “We Are the Many” was deemed the “Occupy Anthem” by Rolling Stone Magazine and gained nearly 400,000 YouTube views during the Occupy Movement. “It seems political, but in actuality the word ‘political’ is a smokescreen, a repellant,” Makana said. “The government cannot resolve any major social infl iction because the government is merely a refl ection of what people believe about themselves. The solutions to society’s greatest problems are to be found in the individual, she or he who accepts total responsibility for their life and liberty and understands that their existence is not an entitlement, but rather a gift requiring giving back.” Makana’s journey led him to Grammy-nominated albums, “Hawaiian Slack Key Vol. 1” in 2007 and “Hawaiian Slack Key K ings Vol. II” in 2009. His sound is globally celebrated for its melodic finesse and inspirational ideas on social change. “It is an inner revolution – a revolution of perception – that is needed to reform society, not a political action or legal mandate,” he said. “It must be chosen, not dictated. And people must become their own leaders for this to happen, not in a form of some violent anarchy, but rather in a peaceful return to that of real values, pristine natural habitats, sustainable agricultural practices, healthy relationships and cultural values.” Makana released his latest album, “Ripe,” which was entirely funded by fans through Kickstarter. Tune into KTUH tonight at 10 p.m. for Monday Night Live to hear Makana’s performance. For more information, visit



Six acts of kindness for the holidays



K RISTEN PAUL BONIFACIO Staff Writer The holidays are known as the season of giving, but with busy lives and so much going on, we often forget the true meaning of the holiday season. With a few weeks left before 2014, it’s not too late to end the year on a positive note by practicing simple acts of kindness. Here are six things you can do to live in the true essence of the holidays.

PAY I T F O RWA R D The next time you order your morning coffee, surprise the next person in line by paying for their order. By adding an extra $4 to your total, you’ll make someone’s day and possibly trigger a chain reaction. In Michigan, a customer’s random act of kindness inspired more than 50 other customers to do the same.

SEND A SICK CHILD A LETTER Every day, hundreds of sick children battle life-threatening diseases. Put a smile on their faces by sending a card or a small gift showing your love and support. has a list of children living in the United States whom you can send a card to. If you want to send a card to a sick child living in a different country you can visit or

D O S OM E T H I N G F O R F R E E It’s hard to find anything for free these days, so offering a service

without any payment is something that is always appreciated. There are many things you can do, such as raking your neighbor’s yard, offering to babysit free of charge and running errands for your parents. Most of these thoughtful deeds require little work, and the people you help will always remember them.


N E V E R T O O L AT E T O D O N AT E One man’s trash is another man’s treasure, and you will always find someone who would gladly take whatever you don’t want anymore. If you have no hand-me-downs, you can donate your time. This winter break, spend a day volunteering at an animal shelter, helping out in a soup kitchen or reading to the elderly in a nursing home.



C OM P L I M E N T O T H E R S This is probably the easiest act of kindness you can practice because it’s free and universal. Whether it’s your best friend or a stranger, complimenting someone will spread positivity this holiday season and give anyone a great confidence boost. The best compliments are ones that are genuine and come from the heart.




F O RG I V E A N D F O RG E T Whether it’s someone you got into an argument with recently or someone you’ve had a grudge against for some time, the holidays are a perfect time to forgive and let go of any negative feelings you may be harboring.

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Page 5 | Ka Leo | Monday, Dec. 9 2013

Comics | Gabrielle Pangilinan Student Ad Manager

Page 6 | Ka Leo | Monday, Dec. 9 2013


UH ID Accepted Here

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OPEN LATE ACROSS 1 Gem weight unit 6 Three-line Japanese poem 11 Container for Peter Pan 14 “You __ busted!” 15 Past prisoner, for short 16 Prefix for a lifesaving “Pen” 17 “Why bother?” 19 Bit of Morse code 20 Trivial gripe 21 Stow cargo 22 “57 Varieties” brand 24 Purr former 25 Plane for a small airstrip, briefly 27 “Why me?” 33 Entire 34 Neeson of “Schindler’s List” 35 Carps at 37 Blubber 38 90-degree pipe piece 39 Clinton’s vice president 40 Johnson of “Laugh-In” 41 Island dance 42 Beast with one hump or two 43 “Why worry?” 46 Pet food brand with a ProActive Health variety 47 Chimpanzee, e.g. 48 Equally strange 51 Northwestern pear 53 Revolutionary Guevara 56 Logician’s proof ending 57 “Why not?” 61 Spoon-bending Geller 62 Musical Merman 63 Eucalyptus-eating marsupial 64 Civil War prez 65 Students’ hurdles 66 Kick out

3 Remainder 4 Residue in a smoker’s tray 5 “You missed the deadline” 6 Pay attention to 7 Wheel-supporting shaft 8 Cold bagful for a party 9 Bout enders, briefly 10 Without footwear 11 “Star Wars” warrior 12 Neat as __ 13 Big name in hotels and crackers 18 Hiker’s route 23 Stretch out 24 Phone screening service 25 Underwater experiment site 26 Tiny Dickens boy 27 Pier 28 Do-it-yourselfer’s book genre 29 Indigenous Alaskans 30 Grand Roman home 31 Judd of country music 32 “Snowy” heron 33 Fighter’s org. 36 Salt, on the Seine 41 Partner of haw 42 Baked treat often wrapped in fluted paper 44 Gizmo 45 Brewer’s kiln 48 Greenish-blue 49 Balkan native 50 Drooling toon dog 51 Red root vegetable 52 Lubricates 53 Bloke 54 Ice fishing access 55 List-shortening abbr. 58 Suffix with Wyoming 59 Old videotape type 60 Fenway team, for short

DOWN 1 Abel’s older brother 2 Class for potential painters


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We’ll Deliver To Dorms

Fill in the grid so that every row, every column, and every 3x3 box contains the digits 1 thru 9. Puzzles will become progressively more difficult through the week. Solutions, tips and computer program at Go to for this puzzle’s solution.

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guide to


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10 am - 1 am


10am - 2 am Fill in the grid so that every row, every column, and every 3x3 box contains the digits 1 thru 9. Puzzles will become progressively more difficult through the week. Solutions, tips and computer program at Go to for this puzzle’s solution. | Jessica Homrich Web Photo Editor

Page 7 | Ka Leo | Monday, Dec. 9 2013


Eddie Aikau surf contest Follow

@kaleophotos on Instagram and twitter

The Eddie Aikau Ceremony attracts many people to the beach to see their favorite surfers. As the ceremony starts, surfers are seated before their names are called. Photo by Gavin Shigesato

Interested in getting involved in a fun, on-campus position? Get involved with: Activities Council (Plan events) Campus Center Board (Make decisions and policies) Recreation Sports Council (Plan sports events) Activities Council

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*Events, dates, and times are subject to change. See website for updates.

Page 8 | Ka Leo | Monday, Dec. 9 2013

Twitter @kaleosports | | Joey Ramirez Editor | Jeremy Nitta Associate


UH grows from season’s worst loss JEREMY NIT TA Associate Sports Editor During the Rainbow Wahine basketball team’s last tournament, the ‘Bows lost a 65-60 game against Colorado State in their opener. While a five-point loss may not seem like a big deal, both the players and the coaches called it “the worst loss of the season.” “I told them they embarrassed themselves out there with their lack of effort,” head coach Laura Beeman said. “I told them that wasn’t how we play basketball, and it wasn’t how we represent ourselves, the university or the state.” That statement served as a challenge and motivation for the team in the following games. “Friday night was a real wakeup call for us,” junior guard Ashleigh Karaitiana said. “We don’t ever want to come out and play like that again.” True to their word, the ‘Bows came back and won their final two games of the tournament, including a thriller in the finale against Minnesota that featured a buzzer-beating three point basket by senior guard Shawna-Lei Kuehu to force overtime. And while the thrill from the highs and lows of the tournament may have faded, the lessons learned by the ‘Bows remain the same: Teamwork wins ball games, and effort trumps all else.


Senior guard Shawna-Lei Kuehu scored 19 points in Hawaiʻi’s game against Minnesota. JESSICA HOMRICH KA LEO O HAWAI‘I

As the team works its way through its second year under Beeman, the arrow is pointing up, even from last year’s success. The team’s victory in last week’s tournament marked the fi rst time since 2004 that the Rainbow Wahine has been named a tournament champion. Compare that to last season, when Hawai‘i won a total of four games in its three preseason tournaments and fi nished last or tied for last in two. “We set goals in the past that we wanted to win tournaments,” Beeman said. “So to lose on Fri-

day night, then come back and win on Saturday and Sunday and bring in the first tournament win since 2004 was a great vote of confidence for us.” “It’s been a huge difference maker for our team this year,” Karaitiana said. “We feel like a completely different team from last year.” Karaitiana played a key role on last season’s team. The Sydney, Australia student who was reclassified as junior this year, was named to the all-freshman team in the Big West and also received all-conference honors as an honorable mention, starting 30 of 31 games. But this season, Karaitiana has come off the bench at times, as Kuehu has moved into the starting lineup. However, Karaitiana, as well as the team as a whole, are largely unaffected by things like lineup changes. “It doesn’t change things at all,” Karaitiana said. “I know that the people in the starting lineup are there for a reason, and at the end of the day it’s not about who started, but who’s fi nishing the game. We’re a team, and like they say, there’s no I in team.” That kind of attitude is what Beeman and her staff believe makes this team special. “I think that every one of these girls is willing to either start or come off the bench without complaint,” Beeman said. “It’s not something that will affect them or how hard they work in practice. This is a true team effort.”

HEART OF CHAMPIONS Whenever any member of the Rainbow Wahine basketball team is asked about last season’s success, usually the answer is always the same: that it was a nice season, but there is still room for improvement. So far this season, those statements have been taken to heart by the ‘Bows. The scoring averages of each of Hawai‘i’s returnees is rising, and the team has also received strong contributions from multiple newcomers.

“We have a lot of respect for one another, and right now, we’re still working on getting a feel for each other and how to play with one another,” Karaitiana said. “But that’s something that comes with each game that goes by, and we’re getting better. “I’ve just been working on understanding my role and focusing on it day-in and day-out at practice. A lot of us have been getting in extra shots and staying and watching extra film. We’re doing as much of the little things that we can to understand and make ourselves better.” That desire to be better pleases the team’s head coach, and Beeman has openly praised her team numerous times for how hard they work. But Beeman points to something else as an additional driving force for the team. “Our energy comes from different people on different nights,” Beeman said. “The last couple of nights, it’s been out of Destiny (King). We’ve fed off her energy and her work ethic, and she’s been a monster out there for us. “But Mia ( Jackson) has the ability to, even when she’s having a bad game, keep pushing through and working to help us. Others like Shawna are going to go out and lead with their actions. And then our bench is energetic, and we as a coaching staff have to take responsibility as well. We can’t be flat on the bench and expect the girls to find it within themselves all the time. It truly is a team effort. Together, we find the energy, which helps us find our focus, which creates our effort, which creates our wins.”

UPCOMING GAMES Hawaiʻi at Oregon State Thursday, 5 p.m. Hawaiʻi at Pacific Saturday, 11 a.m.

2013 december 9  

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