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Finals + Grad Issue P. 04 - 11



TUESDAY, DEC. 03, 2019




TUESDAY, DEC. 03, 2019


NEWS @kaleoohawaii



A live, learn and work environment for students Transforming the Atherton YMCA


The color of the Charles Atherton House building will remain the same after the student innovation center opens, according to University of Hawai‘ i Ventures Director Susan Yamada. CHAVONINE RAMOS EDITOR IN CHIEF

Student entrepreneurs will soon have a place to showcase their talents and utilize resources on a larger scale: The Atherton YMCA building across the street from the University of Hawai‘i at Mānoa will be transformed into an innovation and entrepreneurship center within the next few years. “It’s important for students to have resources like the Atherton because it surrounds people with like-minded individuals,” Austin Yoshino, a senior mechanical engineering major, said. “Entrepreneurs are entrepreneurs because they think differently, and it’s important for them to surround themselves with people who also think differently.” The current sPACE (Shidler Pacific Asian Center for Entrepreneurship) already serves as a coworking and study space for students, but UH Ventures Director Susan Yamada, who is the lead on the Atherton project, said that she wants students to have a larger area. “We want classrooms where we can teach entrepreneurship classes, as well as offices or incubation spaces where startup companies can kind of actually work,” she said.

According to Yamada, some of the inspiration for the project came from the Lassonde Studios, a fivestory home for student entrepreneurs, innovators and creators at the University of Utah. The UH Foundation bought the Atherton YMCA in 2016, with plans of using it for student housing. In 2017, UH Mānoa and the UH Foundation started “Project 1.0” for the student housing plans, but it was suspended in early 2018 due to financial constraints. April 2018 was when “Project 2.0,” the current proposal for the center, started. The cost for the project is still in flux because they have not finalized the actual drawings of the project with its developer, according to Yamada. The plan is to create around 300 dormitory beds, coworking spaces, prototype labs and rentable office spaces for UH startups in the Atherton YMCA. The Pacific Asian Center for Entrepreneurship plans to run the programs that will be there as well. She hopes that students will take more ownership and use the center once it is built since it will be on “neutral ground.” “I have discovered that many students and professors are not even aware that it (PACE) exists on

campus,” Savannah Adler, a senior fashion design and merchandising major, said. “I believe that the Atherton project will ensure a more encompassing reach to both our university and community.” Yamada said that one of PACE’s hardest jobs is identifying students on campus who are interested in innovation and entrepreneurship. She says when students find out about the opportunities with PACE, they are already juniors or seniors. With the living component of the Atherton YMCA project, Yamada hopes that they will get a “nice cross-section of majors” from freshmen to seniors. “If we can create this, and if I can touch as many UH students prior to graduation with at least one program or class to teach them the 21st century workforce skills, that would be my dream at the end of the day,” Yamada said. Any UH Mānoa student can apply to live at the center once it is built, but will have to meet certain criteria that will be set by PACE. For example, a student will have to indicate how they will best contribute to the working environment, and if they have experience starting a company, brand, business or entrepreneurship skills. PACE will then pick students who they think

Ka Leo O Hawai‘i is the campus newspaper of the University of Hawai‘i at Mānoa. It is published by the Student Media Board biweekly except on holidays and during exam periods. Circulation is 10,000 during the academic year and 5,000 during summer sessions. Ka Leo is funded by student fees and advertising. Its editorial content reflects only the views of its writers, reporters, columnists and editors, who are solely responsible for its content. No material that appears in Ka Leo may be reprinted or republished in any medium without permission. The first newsstand copy is free; for additional copies, please visit Ka Leo. The Student Media Board, a student organization chartered by the University of Hawai‘i Board of Regents, publishes Ka Leo O Hawai‘i. Issues or concerns can be reported to the board via ©2019 Student Media Board

fit the community. For Yoshino, he credits PACE for for his company’s success. “Through their competitions we won funding to help jump-start our business,” Yoshino said. “They provide us with programs to educate us, and they connect us to well respected individuals in the community.” Yoshino founded Manaola Innovations, Inc., which was inspired by his younger brother Brandt, who has cerebral palsy. The company is developing medical products such as an assisted walking device, or a “G-Trainer,” as Yoshino calls it. Although students like Yoshino will have graduated by the time  LET’S HAVE A CHAT the center opens, he says that he is “excited knowing that there is going to be a dedicated center for entrepreneurs to work together and KA LEO O HAWAI‘I UNIVERSITY OF HAWAI‘I AT MĀNOA facilitate world-changing ideas.” “I think this energy of what we 2445 CAMPUS RD., create with homegrown talent, from HEMENWAY HALL 107 people around the world, all these HONOLULU, HAWAI‘I 96822 different majors, I mean, that is a soup that I wanted to cook for a really long time,” Yamada said. “In NEWSROOM (808) 956-7043 this center, we’re kind of enabling ADVERTISING (808) 956-7043 FACSIMILE (808) 956-9962 it to happen.” The plan is to have the center KALEO@KALEO.ORG open by August 2022. Ka Leo O Hawai‘i



TUESDAY, DEC. 03, 2019


FINALS AND GRAD TABLE OF CONTENTS 04 Man on the street: You’re graduating


Important info you need to know for the Fall 2019 Commencement


Student Speaker Josh Claudio Keynote Speaker Mazie Hirono


Is it okay to take more than four years to graduate? / Lei Guide


Cram Jam / Stressing about finding a job after college?


Tea / Study Rooms


Driver’s License Gold Star / Need your driving permit?



YOU’RE GRADUATING! WHAT’S NEXT? With graduation a few weeks away, Ka Leo asks Fall 2019 graduates what their plans are after graduation. CASSIE ORDONIO | MANAGING EDITOR

I’m planning on going straight back to school and work on a second degree. I definitely want to be a nursing major next, and I want to do travel nursing. I have to do a couple more prereqs (prerequisites), then I want to go to UC San Francisco. I plan on continuing French and potentially get a master’s degree in both French and nursing.


I’m moving to California. I’m probably going to have to take a gap year, gain residency and try to apply for medical school. During my gap year, I’m hoping to find a job in the medicine field, otherwise I’m considering teaching. My advice to next year’s seniors is that you shouldn’t get stuck into senioritis and don’t procrastinate.

SUE PARK Biology

I’m going to be taking the entrance exam for medical school, and I’m ideally applying for this summer. While I’m waiting for the application and interview process, the goal will be to get more experience in the medical field, enjoy my time off from school, and get ready for the next part of my life. Right now, I’m a little nervous because it’s a lot to handle, especially with graduating, but I think it’s an exciting time for new opportunity.



Fall 2019 Commencement What you need to know KAILANIANNA ABLOG || OPINIONS EDITOR


The 2019 Mid-Year Commencement Ceremony will have an estimated 1,100 participants.

The 2019 Mid-Year Commencement Ceremony will be on Dec. 21 at the Stan Sheriff Center. Whether you are graduating or seeing someone receive their degree, here are some things to keep in mind for the ceremony and events thereafter.


The commencement ceremony is set to begin at 9 a.m. and estimated to conclude at 11:30 a.m. Degree candidates will meet at the Security Entrance of Stan Sheriff Center. The event is free and open to the public. The keynote speaker is U.S. Senator Mazie Hirono and the student speaker is Josh Claudio, a graduating senior majoring in electrical engineering. The lei ceremonies will be held at the Clarence T.C. Ching and Les Murakami Baseball Stadium fields. The ceremony will be live broadcasted online at hawaii. edu/itunesu/vlive/?s=manoagrad. sdp. The stream will be available for viewing for several months after the ceremony. TRANSPORTATION: PARKING, RAINBOW SHUTTLE SERVICES AND MORE

Campus parking will be free on the day of commencement, but stalls are limited. Due to this and possible increased traffic, guests are encouraged to carpool. The areas behind the Stan Sheriff Center and around the Les Murakami Baseball Stadium are restricted for parking. Stalls near student housing are for permit holders and guests are not allowed to park in reserved parking spaces. Areas near

the ROTC buildings are reserved. The road from the Wai‘alae gate entrance to the Stan Sheriff Center will be closed before and during the ceremony. The lower campus parking structure will open at 5 a.m., but is expected to fill quickly. Accessible parking spaces are available on the third floor of the Diamond Head side and throughout the Ewa side of the structure. Attendants are able to give directions to these spaces. When stalls are no longer available, drivers will be directed to park in other lots around campus. Shuttle services will be provided from 10:30 a.m. to 2 p.m. Shuttles are wheelchair accessible and run from the Biomedical Science Building to Krauss Circle. The route stops at the following areas: Biomedical Science Building near Sherman Laboratory, Moore Hall, Kennedy Theatre, the Physical Science Building, Art Building, Krauss Circle, Kuykendall Hall, Watanabe Hall, Jefferson Hall and the Center for Korean Studies. These stops are marked with “Rainbow Shuttle Stop” signs. Those wanting a return trip may board at Krauss Circle. The designated passenger drop-

off area is on the ground floor between the lower campus parking structure and the Athletic Complex. This area will close when the structure fills up and/or during exiting. Signs will direct drivers to this area. The secondary designated passenger drop-off area is located at the Bachman Hall parking lot; the entrance is from University Avenue. Guests and students arriving via taxi may also be dropped off and picked up from here. The ADA passenger drop-off and pick-up area will be behind the Les Murakami Baseball Stadium in Zone 18. Passengers may not be dropped off in the restricted parking area behind Stan Sheriff. Post-ceremony, there will be a passenger pick-up area on the first base side of the Les Murakami Baseball Stadium. ENTERING STAN SHERIFF CENTER

Entrances at Gates A and B will open at 7:45 a.m. Seating is open to the public and on a first-come, first-served basis. For security and safety reasons, large signs, balloons and strollers are not permitted. Attendees are encouraged to arrive early, as Stan Sheriff will close once it reaches maximum capacity. Guests are restricted to

the general seating areas and not allowed to sit on the arena floor; the floor is reserved for graduates. Those with mobility needs can enter the arena using the elevators located in the parking structure and the Athletic Complex. You will arrive on the mezzanine level of the main concourse once you enter the arena. The seats around this concourse are reserved for persons with disabilities. Ushers will be able to assist guests as needed. The university advises that those who need wheelchairs make arrangements prior to commencement, as it does not provide them. Programs will be distributed upon venue entry. Graduates will have their own copies given at their seats. Large-type programs are available and may be requested from an usher. Electronic copies will be available on the commencement home page as the ceremony date comes closer. DURING THE CEREMONY

Attendees are allowed to take photos and record videos from their seats. A photographer will also be taking pictures of graduates as they go up on stage. After commencement, graduates will receive an email from the photographer with a link to view their photos. Interested parties may order additional pictures at this time. A sign language interpreter will be positioned on stage and be visible on the Jumbotron. Although

they will not interpret individual student recognitions, they will interpret the beginning remarks to the commencement address and the closing remarks. POST-COMMENCEMENT BUSINESS: LEI-ING THE GRADUATES

Once the commencement ceremony has concluded, guests can meet their graduates by the appropriate alphabetical signs posted around the athletic fields. Those with last names starting with A to K will be on the Clarence T.C. Ching field. Last names starting with L to Z will be stationed at the Les Murakami Baseball Stadium. Commencement programs will have maps to help attendees find the correct location to meet their graduate. Guests with special needs might consider meeting their graduate at a location closer to Stan Sheriff. UH Mānoa encourages families to assist in its sustainability efforts by using reusable bags and leaving plastic lei containers elsewhere to help reduce the amount of trash that builds up in the garbage cans. Those who need leis may purchase some from various vendors that will be located on the Clarence T.C. Ching field the day of commencement. Attendees may want to keep an eye on the time, as they will be asked to clear the fields at 12:30 p.m. Ka Leo O Hawai‘i


TUESDAY, DEC. 03, 2019



Fall 2019 student speaker Josh Claudio is a 2016 graduate of Waipahu High School.

Student Speaker: Josh Renzo Claudio Jonz V. Stoneroad [Features Intern] As the fall semester comes to an end, the University of Hawai‘i at Mānoa is busy preparing for its commencement ceremony on Dec. 21. One person looking forward to this event is senior and student speaker Josh Renzo Claudio. Claudio will be receiving his Bachelor of Science in electrical engineering after three and a half years of study on campus. One of his favorite experiences at UH Mānoa was being a part of the Smart Campus Energy Lab. The research lab records data across the campus with a focus on renewable energy and sustainability. He learned much more than just data research while in the program: Claudio was engaging with his fellow students. “The classes were rough, but we bonded over the difficulties of the assignments to get them on time,” Claudio said. He credits the introductory 100 prerequisite courses for preparing him for the student diversity on campus. There were students from all around the world, many different age groups and personalities. He was able to build teamwork among them for the class projects. As he continued in his 300 and 400 courses, Claudio was able to communicate with the variety of engineering students more effectively. Another experience he mentioned was his involvement with Circle K International, a collegiate service organization on campus. Through this organization, Claudio was able to do community volunteer work off campus.

All community service work is voluntary, but his motto became “while we may volunteer, we are paid in emotions.” He and members of the UH chapter were cleaning a local homeless shelter when the manager mentioned that this was the first time the shelter received ample lighting. This moment made his time with the community service even more important. Claudio wishes to continue with the Smart Campus Energy Lab as he begins his master’s degree in electrical engineering in the spring. While his physics courses in the 500 and 600 levels will be more challenging, he still shares the same enthusiasm for his studies and work.  His emphasis as the student speaker at the commencement ceremony will be to pursue and follow one’s dreams. Claudio feels that too many students take classes and study majors they are not suited for or interested in because of traditional roles (family, social status) and they do not succeed as a result. When a student follows what they are passionate about, the studies feel less like work and more enjoyable. He wants to inspire people from all walks of life to go after their dreams no matter how old they are or their experience in the discipline.  Claudio wishes to share in his speech this sentiment: “To the 60-year-old who wishes to take piano lessons for the first time, I stand with you. Don’t let anybody tell you that you can’t.”

Talk Story with U.S. Senator Mazie Hirono Fall 2019 Commencement Speaker Chavonnie Ramos Editor in Chief



United States Senator Mazie Hirono will be attending the University of Hawai‘ i at Mānoa’s graduation ceremony this fall – something she did not do when she was at the college in 1970. “It didn’t seem particularly necessary to go to my graduation at that time,” Hirono said. Hirono explained that it was during a climactic point in the Vietnam War, and that she was involved in the anti-war movement. She said that a lot of her other classmates decided not to attend graduation at that time as well. According to UH, 1968 was when there was a 10-day student and faculty sit-in protesting the Vietnam War following the denial of tenure for a political science professor that served as an advisor to an anti-war student group. “It (the Vietnam War) was the first time I questioned what my own government is doing,” Hirono said. “It is what led me to political activism. Not many local kids protested the war. It was the UH campus that came outside of the state. And that speaks to … in some ways, the conforming culture that came from it.” Hirono emphasized that it is important for students to question not only their government but other things as well. “I think it’s a good thing for people to express themselves,” she said. “I think it’s really important to not remain quiet when things around you are not quite right.” Hirono said that when she was younger, she was never outspoken. She said this was because of her childhood, where she lived with her mother and siblings in tough living conditions in Japan. She had an abusive father, who had problems with gambling and alcohol.

When Hirono was almost 8, her mother was plotting their escape along with her siblings. They finally immigrated to Hawai‘ i in 1955. Hirono said that when she first started elementary school in Hawai‘ i, she did not know how to speak or read in English. She credited her time at UH as the reason for her “political awakening” and as a path that eventually led her to elected office. “Being vocal and outspoken was a journey for me,” Hirono said. “Our culture here is very supportive, very ohana. Aloha is more than just a word. It’s about caring for other people.” She graduated from UH with a bachelor’s degree in psychology. Eventually, she went to Georgetown University and obtained a law degree in 1978. At first, Hirono thought about becoming a therapist or counselor because she wanted to help others. But when she became involved in the anti-war movements at UH, she decided to pursue a career in law and politics. “One thing about going to a university, if you’re allowed to do things that are a little different, you can learn things,” Hirono said of her time at UH. “I was exposed to people who were anti-war activists. I wouldn’t have had that experience (otherwise).” Hirono also shared this piece of advice for upcoming graduates: “Do the thing that fulfills you, and that’s not easy sometimes to do something meaningful or purposeful. But whatever it is, do it. Life is short. I’m really grateful that I got to be an advocate and a voice, and do a lot of listening.” Ka Leo O Hawai‘i


MAZIE HIRONO RESIDENCE: Honolulu, HI EDUCATION: ● Kaimuki High School ● University of Hawai‘i at Mānoa ● Georgetown University Law Center SWORN IN: January 3, 2013 POLITICAL BACKGROUND ● Hawai‘i House of Representatives: 1981-1995 ● Hawai‘i’s 9th Lieutenant Governor: 1994-2002 under Ben Cayetano ● Member of the U.S. House of Representatives for Hawai‘i’s 2nd congressional district: 2007-2013 FUN FACTS ● First elected female senator from Hawai‘i ● First Asian American woman elected to the Senate ● First U.S. senator from Japan ● Nation’s first Buddhist senator (But she considers herself a non-practicing Buddhist) ● Third woman to be elected to Congress from Hawai‘i (after Patsy Mink and Pat Saiki)


It’s going to happen eventually Why it’s okay to take more than four years to graduate


As children, our conception of life’s plans and goals were simple: high school diploma at 18, college degree by 22, career by 23, and perhaps a house and kids by 30. Were we naive? What happens when things do not go according to plan? Your college degree took you eight years. That is not okay. Or is it? Success is not measured by the length of time it takes to reach a goal. Instead, it may be measured by how our knowledge and training are used to benefit our lives and positively impact our communities. There are many reasons students depart from the traditional path. College is an investment that many of us cannot afford. Students must be resourceful in how they fund their education. Some may take fewer classes at a time to make room in their schedule

to work, while others may take an educational hiatus to work fulltime, further delaying graduation. Sometimes those other opportunities are so good that people quit schooling altogether. Katherine Villanueva, a public health student at the University of Hawai‘i at Mānoa, believes that what matters is that people pursue what makes them happy while also allowing time for various responsibilities such as family and children. Villanueva’s mother, Emily Villanueva, took five years to achieve her associate degree, which was a tremendous achievement in the eyes of her family. They believed her perseverance allowed more opportunities to provide for her family. “At the time of [my mom’s] enrollment, my brother and I were both in elementary school and [watched her] balance … family life with work and school.” Some of us may find a way to get ahead of the game and others

might fill in with summer classes. Villanueva’s mother was the source of her inspiration to enroll in the “Running Start” program, which allows high school juniors and

My very first instructor challenged me to graduate at least a year early and ever since that day it became a goal of mine. Now, my graduation date is set for Dec. 21, 2019.”

At the time of [my mom’s] enrollment, my brother and I were both in elementary school and [watched her] balance … family life with work and school. KATHERINE VILLANUEVA PUBLIC HEALTH STUDENT AT THE UNIVERSITY OF HAWAI‘I AT MĀNOA

seniors to enroll and attend college classes and receive college credits. Because of Running Start, Villanueva is graduating one year earlier than expected. “Originally, my graduation was set for 2021 [since I graduated] high school … in 2017. However, my college journey began … at the University of Hawai‘ i Maui College in 2014,” Villanueva said. “My first day of college occurred at 15 years old.

Ultimately, everyone finishes at their own time due to personal circumstances. Jason Higa, a UH Mānoa College of Social Sciences academic advisor, says that although graduating in four years is a goal, it isn’t a requirement. “There are some students who take longer to complete their degrees,” Higa said. To share things from a personal perspective of my own, Higa added:

“In your case it’s a combination of double majoring, having lower division major requirements, and not having all of your general education requirements completed prior to transferring.” I am trying to earn journalism and political science degrees. I have a set goal to graduate by spring of 2021 and that means summer classes and 18 credits until that very day. To be quite honest, I would like to get a move on this “career” thing. However, we can all keep in mind that it is okay to take longer to reach our destinations. Life steps in the way, and circumstances change. Remember that everyone’s life trajectory and situation are unique. The real message is to keep our goals in mind, and not be deterred by delays or interruptions. With perseverance, grit and willpower, our educational goals are within reach.



It is a local tradition to give a lei to a graduate at ceremonies on the islands, and this tradition has spread past the Pacific and into many different corners of the world. Getting in on the fun and festivity that comes from bestowing a lei on a graduate is for anyone who wants to add to the graduate’s special day. Graduation leis are a way to show your love, support and admiration for loved ones. Flower leis are a beautiful way to celebrate a graduation, but there

are many other types of leis that are traditional for celebrating the day. The graduation money lei creates the look of a classic flower lei but uses paper money instead of flowers or leaves. There is also the candy lei, where the candy stands in for the flowers and leaves. The maile lei is a popular choice for male graduates and haku leis are worn on the head of female graduates. Lastly, the kukui nut lei is a common long lasting lei that is worn by either gender. Here are some places on O‘ahu where people can get a good value for a variety of fresh specialty leis.

This flower shop uses flowers from all over the islands. They sell traditional special leis starting at $25. They have a $65 Glamour Haku lei for female graduates. Nick Lee, grandson of shop founder Cindy Lau, said, “I’ve spent half my childhood here at this flower shop, we believe if you receive a lei it means you have a special connection with Hawai‘ i.” They often use the crown flower, Queen Lili‘uokalani’s favorite flower, in leis for good luck.


This flower shop is close to the University of Hawai‘i at Mānoa campus, which makes it convenient for family and friends attending commencement. Candice Le, founder and owner, says the shop has been open for over 25 years. They sell leis ranging from $6 to $35.


Walgreens gets its leis from the Aloha Island Lei Shop. They sell a variety of leis but charge a little more. Leis range from $8 to $60.


TUESDAY, DEC. 03, 2019


A SNEAK PEEK AT CRAM JAM How students can unwind during finals week KAILANIANNA ABLOG OPINIONS EDITOR

Students at the University of Hawai‘ i at Mānoa are feeling it: finals week is two weeks away. Whether you are pushing deadlines or scavenging YouTube for videos to explain a semester’s worth of content, the Campus Center Board Activities Council is offering examtime solace with the Cram Jam, a week-long event held every semester during finals week. For Fall 2019, Cram Jam will be from Dec. 15 to 19 from 9 p.m to 2 a.m. on Sunday and 10 p.m. to 2 a.m. Monday through Thursday. SAME JAM, DIFFERENT MOVES

This event offers students the chance to destress during one of the most hectic times of the semester. Although Cram Jam is held every term, there are new changes being implemented, including a change to “Midnight Breakfast,” which gives students sustenance to fuel their latenight studies, according to CCBAC event coordinator Moana Kimura. “We have ‘Midnight Munchies’; it’s no longer ‘Midnight Breakfast,’” Kimura said. “We’re implementing different kinds of food this time; it’s not going to be breakfast food. It’s going to be all different kinds. I know we have dim sum on the menu.” Kimura mentioned that she believes fellow CCBAC event coordinator Angelica Fajardo, who is in charge of organizing “Midnight Munchies,” wanted to add a cultural theme to this year’s food options. Along with an expansion of the menu, Kimura said CCBAC is aiming to include vegan and vegetarian options. “We are trying our very best to implement vegan and vegetarian options,” Kimura said. “It’s difficult sometimes to find a substitute but we try our best to do that.” Snacks will also be available. Hand-in-hand with “Midnight Munchies,” this semester’s Cram Jam will also have a nap room, a gaming room called “Wii Sesh” where students can play video games on the Nintendo Switch, board games, dog therapy and the chance to partake in do-it-yourself projects. Students must bring a valid UH ID to participate in the activities. Kimura also mentioned that CCBAC will be working with UH Mānoa’s

Mortar Board Honor Society, which, according to their official Facebook page, recognizes “college seniors that have excelled in academics and service,” to hold “Finals Push,” where members of the Mortar Board Honor Society give away items. Cram Jam may be seeing small location changes due to the construction at Campus Center. “We do have to figure out ways to have places for people to study. The cafeteria is still going to be open so they can head on in there. They can also stay around Starbucks, but I think upstairs will be closed - the third floor,” Kimura said. “I think the ballroom is going to be open, so ‘Midnight Munchies’ will still be there. Hopefully it won’t be too bad; there’s just going to be less space.” When asked about the planning process for Cram Jam, she said that organizing has not been too much of a hassle. “We’re trying a new thing this semester where there are four leads on Cram Jam. There’s usually two,” Kimura said. “We’re delegating different tasks to different people. I think that it’s made the process much smoother and easier.” Kimura hopes that people will attend and enjoy the Cram Jam. She is also excited to hear any feedback students may have to offer.

We do have to figure out ... places for people to study. There’s just going to be less space. – MOANA KIMURA CCBAC EVENT COORDINATOR

“We have surveys that go out with one of the e-blasts, which students can give feedback through. We accept any email, you can go to our website for our email address. Another way is through Instagram DM, too. We’re starting to be more interactive on Instagram,” Kimura said. For more information, students may visit or @uhmccbac on Instagram. A list of “Prohibited Items” can also be found on the CCBAC website. Ka Leo O Hawai‘i

There’s no such thing as easy money GENEVA DIAZ NEWS EDITOR

Whether you are looking to jumpstart a career or just make some extra cash on the side, don’t be swayed by promises of easy money and ‘getting rich quick.’ If you’re graduating from college or continuing your education and want to earn extra income, there are a few things you need to know about direct sales companies and how to spot a scam. College students have become a compelling target for direct sales companies, also known as multilevel marketing companies or MLMs, looking to recruit new distributors. A survey at Hamline University in Minnesota found that nearly 40% of students polled said they had been approached by a “multi-level business opportunity.” Stacie Bosley, assistant professor of economics and person behind the survey, says that percentage is probably a “gross underestimate of the actual presence of MLMs on campus.” According to a story on, Bosley said even more students say that they were approached by recruiters once she explained the characteristics of an MLM in presentations to students. “Almost every single person will raise their hand,” she said. WHAT IS AN MLM?

In short, MLM, also called pyramid selling, network marketing and referral marketing, is a marketing strategy in which independent representatives distribute products or services from a company. The multi-level approach refers to the individual sellers’ ability to recruit and train other representatives to start selling that same product or service. Income earned in MLM comes from commission from sales as well as percentages of sales earned by other reps recruited into your “downline” team. COLLEGE STUDENTS AS A PRIME TARGET AUDIENCE

The Hamline survey found that 38% of students said “yes” to the question: “Have you ever been approached about a multi-level business opportunity?” Nearly a quarter of students who answered yes said the pitch from a company representative was made on campus. Thirty percent said it happened via Facebook. So why are students main targets? A typical college student’s flexible schedule, social media savvy-ness and broad network of family and friends make a student the seemingly perfect candidate for an MLM pitch. The promise of extra money for tuition, books and beer helps, too. Some go as far as saying that it will “set them up for retirement before the age of 35.”

These particular companies that make these claims made these programs tailored for college students. Bosley is not alone In her efforts to draw more attention to potentially questionable companies recruiting across the nation’s campus communities. William Keep, once the dean of the business school at The College of New Jersey and an expert on pyramid schemes, issued a warning to students and colleagues of the institution in 2013 about a company known as Vemma Nutrition, whose business structure resembled that of a pyramid scheme. He said that the company was heavily focused on recruiting college-aged people as distributors for their products. “College-age young people are drawn to the notion of building something of their own (no matter how improbable) as a means of both expressing their independence and possibly shaping their future,” Keep wrote in a guest blog on Moneylife. “Unlike their parents, college students have had little exposure to the MLM message and little basis for understanding the ‘opportunity.’” PURE ROMANCE DIRECT SALES AT UH

University of Hawai‘ i at Mānoa 2012 alumna Lauren Baumgarten was a client of a company called Pure Romance for four years until becoming a distributor herself. Pure Romance, a direct sales company that specializes in at-home parties for women, sells products that cover everything from bath and body to bedroom accessories. “It is partially an MLM, and I say partially because most MLMs rely on sales from those you sign up onto your team for earnings, but Pure Romance is one direct sales company where you can get your earning primarily from selling products. Bonuses, however, can be earned with team and downline sales,” Baumgarten said. Baumgarten learned about the company from a sister from the campus sorority, Alpha Gamma Delta, which hosted a Pure Romance party. “I loved their products and remained a loyal client for four years until I decided to sign up as a consultant to take advantage of the discounts. Since then, I have been an active consultant for about four years,” she said. Baumgarten now lives in Haslet, Texas and is a full time teacher in a local school district while keeping Pure Romance as more of a hobby to earn some side cash. “I know that recently, in the media, representatives of certain MLM companies have come out to say that their company is a scam,

but I definitely don’t feel that way with Pure Romance. I sell products, and I make a commission - no scam there,” she said. “There’s nothing hidden and there’s no catch to it. For other companies, I would encourage people to really look into the company before just signing on.” Baumgarten’s target audience is women 18 years or older and usually uses word of mouth from customers and social media to spread knowledge of the products. “The immediate profit will be from the sale of products, and many consultants rely on product sales as their source of income. However, as you recruit more and more people to your team, you get different bonuses. There is a monthly lifestyle bonus the company pays you just for having an active team. It’s pretty great,” she said. When asked if it was risky to rely solely on an MLM product or service to replace a steady income, she warned students to do their research and be prepared to put in the work like any other job. “Most people who fail at direct sales/MLM are because they go in with a ‘get rich quick’ mentality. Be prepared to hustle to see reliable income - be prepared to put in work! Any MLM telling you that you can make big bucks with little work is lying to you!” MONEY MAKER OR SCAM?

Before you get involved with any direct sales company, do your homework and take time to research the company you’re interested in working with. Pyramid schemes look very similar. Here are seven things to watch out for according to a Truth in Advertising brochure: • High pressure sales tactics trying to get you to join immediately. • Promises of making money, loads of money, FAST! • Suggestions of long-term passive income: money that flows in with little effort once you’ve built a team, or recruited more people to join the company. • Compensation and leadership structures that are difficult to understand. • Push for upfront or monthly purchases of goods and services. • Focuses on recruiting family and friends to join the business. • Large emphasis on recruitment. Do your research, look up the company, do your math factoring costs and time, and ask as many questions as possible.

What do you think? Let us know @KaLeoOHawaii



TUESDAY, DEC. 03, 2019




Caffeine may be a college student’s best friend, but the coffee grind is not for everyone. Whether you are looking for an alternative for the classic cup of joe or simply not a coffee fan, here are some teas to add some flare to your favorite mug.





Want to spice up your relationship with tea? Chai tea will do the trick. According to, the name “chai” is Hindi for “tea.” Although the recipe for this spiced drink varies among cultures, its traditional ingredients include a mixture of black tea with spices such as cinnamon, cardamom, cloves and ginger. To prepare a mug, this spice blend is brewed with milk. One may add honey or sugar for sweetness. notes, however, that the chai “we order in coffee and tea shops today has very little in common with the origins of Indian chai.” Healthline mentions that chai tea may improve heart health, lower cholesterol and reduce nausea. One can purchase chai tea bags at most supermarkets and stores on-island, or make it at home using black tea and an assortment of spices.

Seen in Japanese desserts and boba tea, matcha is a finely-ground green tea powder prepared from the tencha leaf, according to Matcha is used in “sado,” or “chado,” a traditional Japanese tea ceremony. Buddhist monks considered this tea a “health elixir” due to “its potential to heighten the concentration and enhance metabolism.” Stated by, matcha is rich in vitamins such as A, C and E, has more antioxidants than regular green tea, and boosts energy thanks to theophylline, a form of caffeine that offers an energy boost without the crash. Matcha green tea can be purchased in tea bags and its powder form in stores and online. If you would like to try your hand at using matcha powder, investing in a “chasen,” a whisk, and a “chashaku,” a tea scoop, which are two utensils used in the “sado” ceremony according to, can turn the tea drinking process into a learning one.

It would be “berry” sweet to give raspberry leaf tea a try. Despite the name, mentions that this tea does not have the distinct taste of raspberry. In fact, raspberry leaf tea’s flavor is evocative of “floral black tea.” It is packed with nutrients, vitamins and antioxidants, including iron, magnesium and vitamins B, C and E. Due to these benefits, this tea is thought to be helpful for those with colds, flus, constipation and inflammation. also mentions that raspberry leaf tea is known for aiding pregnant women by stimulating labor and easing childbirth due to its effects on the uterine wall; however, no evidence has been found to support this claim. Raspberry leaf tea can be purchased in stores and online.

According to, Butterfly Pea, also known as “Asian Pigeon Wings,” is an herb native to tropical equatorial Asia. In traditional Chinese and Ayurvedic medicine, it was used to enhance memory, alleviate stress and induce calmness. The herb’s most notable feature is its bluish, indigo color, which is used to naturally dye Thai desserts and other Southeast Asian dishes. The benefits of consuming Butterfly Pea include improved eyesight, less anxiety and increased collagen, as detailed by One can make Butterfly Pea flower tea by steeping about seven to ten Butterfly Pea flowers in hot water for about five minutes. Using a loose leaf tea infuser can make this process easier. Toss the used flowers into the compost bin once the tea has steeped and enjoy. Butterfly Pea flowers can be purchased online at

Reserving a group study room at Hamilton Jolie Ching | Web Editor


One of the group study rooms located in Hamilton Library.

Finals week is just around the corner and with it comes the rush of students trying to find a place to settle down and study. Be sure not to add unnecessary stress to these last few weeks by securing a place to study early. If you are seeking a quiet yet collaborative place to study, Hamilton’s group study rooms may be the perfect option for you. The Hamilton Library houses ten group study rooms on its second floor. Each room can be booked for a maximum of three hours everyday and can hold up to eight people. However, you only need a minimum of two people to reserve a room. Each room comes stocked with a white board (bring your own markers), a central table, four to eight chairs and power outlets. Some even contain a monitor that students can use to broadcast their computer screens to the room. Although the study rooms provide a more private and collaborative atmosphere than the rest of the general library, students are still expected to follow library rules. This includes no smoking, eating or drinking (water in covered bottles is permitted).

The Hamilton Library website provides an online reservation system in which users can reserve a time slot lasting anywhere from a half hour to up to three hours at any of the ten group study rooms. Time slots are either colored green or red depending on their availability. The group study rooms may see more use than usual as finals week approaches. To ensure you are able to reserve a room, be sure to plan early. You can reserve a room up to two weeks in advance. Once you have reserved a time, you will need to provide the name and email address of one member from the group. The library will then send that person an automated email, asking them to confirm their booking within 30 minutes by visiting the first URL contained within the email. Otherwise, they may cancel the booking via the email’s second URL or wait for the 30 minutes to expire. “I would recommend as soon as you think you need it, to go online and schedule. You can always cancel,” interim library Director Monica Ghosh said.

Once your reservation time has arrived, you will need to visit Hamilton’s circulation desk in the main lobby. The student who made the online reservation must present their valid UH ID to the staff and upon confirming that there are at least two people present in your group, the staff will open the room for you. In the event that there are no available reservations for the group study rooms, be sure to visit other areas of the Hamilton Library. Ghosh notes that there are several places in the library for groups to utilize as well. All five floors including the addition provide large tables for collaborative study. “There’s the quiet study spaces for somebody who just wants to sit quietly and work on a project. Then there’s these collaborative spaces where you can have conversations and people won’t shush you,” Ghosh said. “I encourage [students] to explore all of those environments in the library for whatever it is that they need to do.”


Are you REAL ID compliant? How to get that gold star on your ID ALEXA GUTIERREZ | CONTRIBUTING WRITER


By Oct. 1, 2020, Hawai‘i residents must have a REAL ID compliant Hawai‘i driver’s license or state identification card with the “star in a gold circle” marking to get on a domestic airline flight and to enter certain federal buildings and military bases. The Hawai‘i Department of Transportation says the “star in a gold circle” on a Hawai‘i driver’s license or identification card indicates that the credential is REAL ID compliant. If people want to continue using their driver’s license as their ID, for example when boarding a commercial aircraft, it must have that gold star. Hawai‘i began issuing REAL ID compliant licenses and state identification cards on Jan. 16, 2018. These renewed driver’s licenses and state IDs

bearing the star indicates full compliance with new Department of Homeland Security guidelines. If your driver’s license or state ID is not nearing expiration, there is no rush to apply. Until Oct. 1, 2020, valid Hawai‘ i driver’s licenses and state ID cards are compliant with Department of Homeland Security standards. However, you may no longer possess both. Residents must choose either a compliant driver’s license or state ID. Licenses and state ID cards already issued will remain valid through their expiration dates. To order your exact driver’s license duplicate with the star, visit The online fee for a duplicate license or permit is $6. You must have proof of legal presence, legal name, date of birth, a Social Security number and Hawai‘i principal residence address on file. You may also visit one of O‘ahu’s five Driver Licensing Centers or select Satellite City Hall for Hawai‘i driver’s license or state ID duplicate or renewal transactions.

The Transportation Security Administration accepts multiple forms of identification at the security checkpoint including: • Driver’s licenses or other state photo identity cards issued by the Department of Motor Vehicles (or equivalents) • U.S. passport or U.S. passport card • Department of Homeland Security trusted traveler cards (Global Entry, NEXUS, SENTRI, FAST) • Permanent resident card • Border crossing card • State-issued enhanced driver’s license • Federally recognized tribal-issued photo ID • HSPD-12 PIV card

• Foreign government-issued passport • Canadian provincial driver’s license or Indian and Northern Affairs Canada card • Transportation worker identification credential (TWIC) • U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services Employment Authorization Card (I-766) • U.S. Merchant Mariner Credential

For additional information, visit



Being able to drive on the islands is very helpful and a good skill to have. In the state of Hawai‘i, it is required to get your instruction permit before you can practice driving. An instruction permit is also helpful to have because it can serve as a form of identification. Here are some helpful tips for getting your instruction permit.






To get your instruction permit, you must first pass a written exam. Just like with any test in school, the key to passing this exam on the first try is to study. The test covers a range of questions, from identifying what different signs symbolize to knowing what different lines on the road mean. Hawai‘i’s written test features 30 questions; in order to pass, you cannot get more than five wrong. There are helpful online resources that aid the studying process. One helpful resource is the “Hawai‘i Driver License” app by Kulana Media Productions LLC, which is available on the App Store and Google Play Store. This app cycles through the various multiple choice questions that will be on the written test. The app even features different practice modes, such as “study mode” or “exam mode.” Using this app to master all the questions is one great way to prepare for the written test. Another great resource is the Hawai‘i Driver’s Manual. This manual is published by the Department of Transportation and includes complete test questions and answers from the written test. The manual is available for sale at common stores such as Longs or Walgreens, and can even be found in PDF format online. Going through and mastering the questions in this manual is good preparation for the written test as well.

In order to obtain your permit, there are some documents that you must bring on test day. First, make sure to bring a document that proves your social security number, such as your original social security card. Next, make sure to bring two documents that show your Hawai‘ i address and your full first and last name as the addressee. Some good options for these documents include a payroll or check stub issued by an employer or a mailed financial statement. For more information on exact valid documents, visit this helpful document guide at www2. Make sure to also bring at least $7 to cover the $2 fee for the written test and the $5 fee for the permit itself. Bring cash to avoid the credit card service fee.

There are five places around O‘ahu where you can take your written test: Kapalama Driver Licensing Center, Kapolei Driver Licensing Center, Ko‘olau Driver Licensing Center, Wahiawā Driver Licensing Center and Wai‘anae Driver Licensing Center. Make sure to check online for the hours of each location before you go to take your test. Depending on the time of year, written tests are in high demand and the center may be crowded. Calling the Driver Licensing Center ahead of time is a good idea, and inquiring beforehand about how busy the center has been is helpful in determining what time to take your test. For example, May tends to be a busy time at the Kapalama Driver Licensing Center and people sometimes begin lining up as early as two hours before the center opens. Make sure to go to the Driver Licensing Center early enough to make sure that you can get your test done. The Driver Licensing Centers also usually stop issuing written tests at a certain time of day. Therefore, taking your test early in the day is the safest option to ensure that you get to take your test. With proper preparation, getting your Instruction Permit on your first try is definitely doable. Just make sure to bring the proper documents, study the questions beforehand, and plan ahead for what time you will take the test, and you will do just fine.


TUESDAY, DEC. 03, 2019


FEATURES @kaleofeatures






CAMPUS The University of Hawai‘ i at Mānoa provost position was approved by the Board of Regents in March. Michael Bruno, who was the vice chancellor for research and interim vice chancellor for academic affairs, has since then served as the provost since the position was approved by the board. Under the new leadership structure, there is no longer a UH Mānoa chancellor. The UH system president now leads the flagship campus. The UH Mānoa provost will serve as a full chief academic officer for the campus and as deputy to the president in leading the campus. The provost was also named by the BOR as an officer of the UH System alongside the UH vice presidents and four-year university chancellors.






The construction of the Thirty Meter Telescope on Maunakea has been a key topic of 2019. Since the announcement of the planned construction of TMT on July 15, it has brought many people together whether it was in support or opposition. The students and faculty at the University of Hawai‘i at Mānoa have been conducting a sit-in protest in Bachman Hall opposing the construction of TMT. A nonviolent protest, students and faculty have occupied the lobby of the administrative building 24/7 since the beginning of the semester. Events were also held to spread awareness and inform the community about TMT. To engage with the community, UH is holding Maunakea seminars for all to attend to foster a dialogue on TMT. The next seminar will be held in January 2020.

KTUH started FM broadcasting on July 7, 1969, running on scheduled air times until they began live broadcasting as a 24-hour station in 1972. As a college radio station, many DJs have come and gone as students at UH Mānoa over the years. Past DJs like Richard Lenox and co-founder Fred Barbaria, KTUH’s first alumni, have said it was a stepping stone and a family to them. “There’s a lot to be said about curated music that’s by the taste and whim of the person who’s putting the show together,” Barbaria, who was the station’s first general manager, said. Staying on trend, KTUH is developing more opportunities for students and the community. This year, they launched KTUH Online, a new podcast to engage with the community and grow their online listenership. “We try to create a warm learning environment of broadcasting and communications. Possibilities are infinite, and we will have an open mind to accommodate new members’ creativity,” Smee Wong, former KTUH general manager, said.



UH WINS WEST DIVISION TITLE CAMPUS The University of Hawai‘ i Rainbow Warrior football team won the West Division championship on Nov. 23 against San Diego State, 14-11. The Rainbow Warriors will be going to Boise, Idaho to play against Mountain Division champion Boise State at the title game on Dec. 7. This is the first time the ‘Bows will appear in the Mountain West Conference’s championship game since joining the league in 2012.



The Board of Regents voted 13-2 in favor of freezing University of Hawai‘ i undergraduate tuition at all rates for a three-year period starting in Fall 2020. The board passed the proposal during its May 16 meeting at Windward Community College, with the amendment that UH will report annually on any adjustments made to the tuition schedule. This is to “prevent significant negative economic or enrollment impact to the university.” UH will maintain the 2019-2020 tuition rates for the next three years, except graduate tuition at UH Mānoa. Resident graduate student tuition will decrease by 2%, and nonresident by 10%.


TUESDAY, DEC. 03, 2019


FEATURES @kaleofeatures




CLIMATE STRIKES WORLD Thousands of people across the world protested about climate change on Sept. 20, three days before the UN Climate Summit. The event was part of the school strike for climate movement, spearheaded by Swedish climate activist Greta Thunberg.

Hong Kong citizens are facing protests daily as protesters rally for freedom and democracy. Protests started in June in opposition to the extradition law, which people feared would interfere with their independence. The bill was withdrawn in September but people are demanding more. Hong Kong used to be ruled by Britain as a colony until 1997 before returning to China. However, Hong Kong citizens feel that going back to China has resulted in less freedom, and protesters have been expressing this by vandalizing all things related to Mainland China. Stores and the Mass Transit Railway have been damaged and set on fire by protesters in the past months. Violence still continues between police and the protesters. MTV INTERNATIONAL - DESCENDANTS 2 CAST PLAY WOULD YOU RATHER! 

TOO YOUNG TO DIE WORLD Disney Channel star Cameron Boyce died on July 7. The 20-year-old was known for his roles in “Descendants” and the TV show “Jessie.” He also had roles in “Mirrors,” “Eagle Eye” with Shia LeBeouf and “Grown Ups” with Adam Sandler. The cause of death was an epileptic seizure.




GOVERNMENT SHUTDOWN WORLD The United States federal government was shutdown from Dec. 22, 2018 until Jan. 25, 2019. This was the longest U.S. government shutdown in history, and second federal government shutdown involving furloughs during Donald Trump’s time as president.

House Speaker Nancy Pelosi initiated an impeachment inquiry against President Donald Trump on Sept. 24 following reports of him abusing his presidential powers by pressuring Ukraine’s president into releasing information that could harm Trump’s opponents in the 2020 election.


TUESDAY, DEC. 03, 2019


SPORTS @kaleosports

rainbow warriors win big on senior night

 Junior defensive back Eugene

Ford cheering in the endzone.

photographers alexander wong, christine wakuzawa, zach oglesby The University of Hawai‘ i Rainbow Warrior football team has done it all this season. They became bowl eligible for the second straight year, won the West Division of the Mountain West Conference and beat Army on Nov. 30. UH won 52-31 over the Black Nights on senior night and picked up its fourth straight win. It is the longest win streak for UH since winning six straight games in 2010. Now the ‘Bows head to Boise, Idaho on Dec. 7 for the Mountain West Conference championship game. The team will make its firstever appearance in the title game when they face Boise State. Kickoff is at 11 a.m. HST.

 A University of Hawai‘ i cheerleader holds

UH baton twirler Callyn Marvell performing with the marching band.

up a “noise” sign to encourage the fans in the stands to cheer.

 Redshirt junior quarterback Cole McDonald addresses the media  Redshirt senior running back Dayton Furuta

after the Rainbow Warriors won 52-31 against Army. McDonald came off the bench to throw for 250 yards and three touchdowns.

plows through Army defenders for a carry.

 UH senior wide receiver Cedric Byrd II

catches a 25-yard pass and brings it in for a touchdown in the second quarter against Army. Byrd eclipsed 1,000 yards for the season after posting eight catches for 122 yards and the touchdown.


TUESDAY, DEC. 03, 2019


SPORTS @kaleosports

 Redshirt senior wide receiver Jason-Matthew Sharsh hauls in a 26-yard catch

for a touchdown in the first quarter against Army. Sharsh finished the game with 80 yards and two touchdowns.

 The crowd at Aloha Stadium cheering

in support of the Rainbow Warrior football team on senior night.  A total of 23 seniors were honored in

the annual “Senior Walk” ceremony after the conclusion of the Rainbow Warriors’ game against Army.

 Redshirt senior

University of Hawai‘ i Athletics Director David Matlin and UH President David Lassner congratulate the UH Marching Band seniors during the Rainbow Warriors’ last home game of the regular season.

defensive back Rojesterman Farris II hauls in a school-record 100yard interception return against Army to put the ‘Bows up 52-31 with 1:34 left in the game.

 Redshirt sophomore running

back Miles Reed finished the night with 93 rushing yards on 10 carries and one touchdown against Army.


TUESDAY, DEC. 03, 2019




TUESDAY, DEC. 03, 2019



One in a million How understanding Hawai‘i’s unique natural history highlights the importance of conserving its native plants SOURCE: GOOGLE COMMONS 



The biodiversity observed in the Hawaiian Islands is a breathtaking sight on any given day. Hawai‘i boasts a rich variety of plants and animals that inhabit the land and carpet the lush, green mountain ranges. Each island harbors unique vegetation distinct to its home landscape. Much of this plant life is endemic to Hawai‘ i, meaning that they are native organisms that don’t naturally occur anywhere else on earth. Yet among the islands, at least 586 native plants and animals are currently facing extinction. While conservation efforts and initiatives have been proposed, the full extent of what Hawaiian culture and native ecosystems would lose if these species were to go extinct is incalculable. Such a loss would be devastating for culturalists and ecologists alike. Understanding the entirety of Hawai‘i’s formative and natural history becomes a paramount factor in conserving native plants, as the severity of the consequence of losing native plant life is further illustrated. Understanding the depth of these conservation issues begins with tracing Hawai‘i’s ecological and geological history. The presence of the rare natural beauty found among the island landscapes begs the question, how did such rich, diverse life come to thrive on some of the most geographically remote islands in the world? That’s where Hawai‘i’s geological history and island biogeography become relevant. Geology is a field of study that observes the Earth through all of its natural processes, such as volcanism, tectonics and hydrology. Biogeography examines the contributing factors among diversification in isolated environments (namely among islands), and the two are used in tandem to understand the creation and maintenance

‘Ōhi‘a lehua colonizing a young lava flow.

of Hawai‘i’s delicate ecosystems. So, how did the islands become what we recognize today? The Hawaiian Islands are one of the best examples of hotspot volcanism. Over a span of 70 million years, volcanic eruptions broke the surface of the ocean as magma rose out of a relatively fixed plume in the Earth’s crust. As the magma welled out of the hotspot, the Pacific plate slowly drifted in a Northwest trend, creating a chain of islands. However, these islands were just bare rocks when they formed. So how did plants get here? The native plants we see today originally descended from organisms that made their way to the islands through wind dispersal or along ocean currents. These tiny spores made landfall and were able to

ly-fledged ecosystems arose from the changing environments as new plant species began to appear and spread. As this process repeated itself, new species would move into uncharted areas and adapt to each new environment, oftentimes replacing their predecessors. This process, known as evolutionary radiation, is where organisms increase diversity through a series of speciations. More simply put, species undergo rapid diversification as a result of their new surrounding environment. In Hawai‘ i, plant species were able to branch out from a common ancestor and develop traits based on the new locations where they became established. In time, they evolved into an entirely new plant species with different features. As a result,


Center tree experiencing ROD.

Death, which is a fungal pathogen that has plagued plant populations on the four major islands. The foreign fungus that causes ROD and destroys ‘ōhi‘a, called ceratocystis, can travel through soil and is often spread via contaminated gear and automobiles. Efforts to promote awareness of the loss of this native plant have been demonstrated through film, local activism and outreach aware-


colonize the newly formed a‘a and pāhoehoe lava. Pioneer species, as they are known, are able to thrive in barren conditions like the Hawaiian lava flows. These durable plants, like Hawai‘i’s lichens, aided in breaking down the mineral-rich lava into habitable soil for other non-pioneer plants to evolve. Along with lichen species, ‘ōhi‘a lehua, a foundational forest tree, was also one of the first early colonizer species of the newly formed land. As these plants grew and died, their decomposing organic material enhanced soil fertility. The contribution of new soil from these hardy pioneer species laid the foundation for other plants to begin to form in the new, more forgiving conditions. Over time, ful-

The lush green coastline of Kaua‘ i.

the number of different plant species grew. This process allowed for plants to become native to the islands long before they were first settled by humans. Unfortunately, of the life facing extinction threats in Hawai‘ i, many of them are the native plant species that are the product of tens of thousands of years of evolution. Take for example one of the first pioneer species, ‘ōhi‘a lehua, an endemic flowering tree that produces beautiful bright red blossoms. ‘Ōhi‘a has intrinsic significance in Hawaiian culture as it is an integral part of Hawaiian legends, and a component of hula practices. It is now facing extinction from what is known as Rapid ‘Ōhi‘a

ness. However, there are currently no direct solutions, leaving ample room for more research to be done to understand how to fully cure or strengthen resistance against ROD. Already rampant on Hawai‘ i Island, ROD has the potential to spread and produce similarly devastating effects on outer islands. However, ‘ōhi‘a is just one out of the 366 listed Hawaiian plant taxa that fall under the endangered or

threatened category by federal and state governments. Others include silversword and dwarf naupaka. Extending conservation research and awareness for native species becomes even more significant when the origin of these plants are profiled within the unique ecosystem and foundational history of Hawai‘ i. The geological processes that generated a host of islands also gave life to many diverse species. This process curated those organisms over thousands of years, yielding highly adapted and unique species. When the ecological history of the Hawaiian Islands is thoroughly examined, each native plant becomes a marvel of geographic evolution. Each native species is alive on the islands because it has undergone thousands of years of specific adaptation to its one-in-a-million environment. Few places on the planet are home to the same scale of biodiversity, given its relative geographic isolation, as Hawai‘ i. Studying the organisms that live on these islands as a result of millions of years of geological processes and geographic evolution highlights the innate uniqueness and importance of further conserving the native species recognized in Hawai‘ i today.



TUESDAY, DEC. 03, 2019




TUESDAY, DEC. 03, 2019





TUE. 03

10:30AM – 2:00PM



THU. 05

2:00PM – 4:00PM



FRI. 06

11:30AM – 1:30PM



SAT. 07

8:00AM - 12:00PM



SUN. 08

2:00PM - 3:00PM


SUN. 15

10:30AM - 1:30PM



WED. 18

12:45PM – 4:45PM




Communications Assistant


Para-Professional Tutor

PART-TIME ENGLISH DEPARTMENT $13.05/hour Close Date: When filled

PART-TIME MANOA ELEMENTARY SCHOOL $13.88/hour Close Date: 12/6/19 or when filled

Perform a variety of tasks in support of the department and faculty members. Work includes aspects of publicity, event planning, social media outreach, production of PR materials and basic data collection. You will benefit from working with authors, professors and publishing professionals and gain knowledge of literary event planning, community outreach and academic programming.

Looking for a collaborative and responsible individual providing instructional support for children with special needs at a high-performing public elementary school near the University of Hawaii at Manoa campus. Para-Professional Tutors (PPTs) must have a minimum of a high school diploma or an alternative to a high school diploma. Maximum 19 hours a week. Hours are flexible between 8 am and 2:30 pm.

JOB NUMBER: 251738

JOB NUMBER: 249846


Digital Engagement Consultant


Data Visualization and Analytics Intern

FULL-TIME CENTRAL PACIFIC BANK Salary: $18.00 - $20.00/hour Close Date: 1/31/20 or when filled

SERVCO Compensation: $15.00/hour Close Date: 01/17/2020 or when filled

Calling all enthusiasts with a high degree of passion for embracing technology! Central Pacific Bank is looking for highly motivated, savvy tech users who want to make a difference in today’s banking world as we launch of our Digital Engagement program within our branch network. The ideal candidate is proficient in these core competencies: active listening, communication (oral and written), is action-orientated and a self-starter who is very thorough and has the ability to effectively solve problems by thinking through complex situations and scenarios.

Applicants must currently be enrolled in, or have graduated from, a Bachelor’s program in Applied Mathematics, Statistics, Accounting, or a related field. Interns will have the opportunity to participate in a structured learning program that offers exposure for different career opportunities. This program will include tasks such as developing visualizations and reports; comprehending, extracting, and modeling data from multiple channels; and interfacing with multiple project teams and business stakeholders.

JOB NUMBER: 251735

JOB NUMBER: 251790

For more job and event listings, download our app TO APPLY, VISIT HAWAII.EDU/SECE


TUESDAY, DEC. 03, 2019


OPINIONS @kaleoopinions

The Juul controversy Why restrict the healthier alternative to smoking but not smoking itself ? SOPHIA COMPTON STAFF WRITER

While it may look like a flashdrive, the crackling sound it creates is a dead giveaway. It is a vaping device. And according to the Food and Drug Administration, it is an epidemic. As fatal consequences of vaping surfaced for the first time this year, action was taken and laws were enforced. The legal age to vape was raised to 21 in many states. Places such as New York, Michigan and Massachusetts began banning vape products and flavors. Juul, an e-cigarette company, pulled its popular flavors of mango and mint off the market. President Donald Trump came close to signing a law to ban flavored vapes altogether. When millions of people have died from complications related to smoking cigarettes, the immediate response and subsequent banning of many different aspects of vaping seemed extreme, especially considering that vaping is supposedly the safer alternative. IS VAPING ACTUALLY THAT BAD?

The primary concern regarding vapes today is that they often deliver high concentrations of nicotine. Nicotine is an addictive chemical and can be toxic in high doses. Popular brands of vapes such as

Juul have fallen into the hands of minors through the facade of fun flavors, leaving them addicted. About two-thirds of Juul users between the ages of 15-24 do not know that Juul always contains nicotine. Use of e-cigarettes went up among both middle and high school students from 2011 to 2019. This year, 10.5% of middle school students and 27.5% of high schoolers reported using electronic cigarettes in the last 30 days, according to studies from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Nicotine can harm the developing adolescent brain and affect attention, learning, mood and impulse control. Nicotine use can also increase users’ risk for future addiction to other drugs. For a long time, the implications of vaping were misunderstood or not known at all. But a new lung illness related to vaping has been making national headlines these last few months. Dozens of people have now unfortunately fallen ill as a result of vaping. As of November 2019, 42 deaths and over 2,000 cases of serious lung illness have been reportedly related to e-cigarettes. CEO and president of the American Lung Association Harold Wimmer said in a statement: “E-Cigarettes are not safe and can cause irreversible lung damage and lung disease. No one should use e-ciga-

rettes or any other tobacco product.” Dr. Elizabeth Tam is a pulmonologist affiliated with Queen’s Medical Center. She has been in practice for more than twenty years. “These e-cigarettes are not under FDA regulation and we don’t know what is going to happen in the long run with them. These products are not anywhere near safe,” Tam said. Smoking kills more than 480,000 people in the United States annually. A vaping illness pops up and the whole country reacts. It’s all over the news, teachers and parents are warned, flavors are taken off the market, and President Trump nearly banned flavored e-cigarettes entirely. Meanwhile, smoking has faced seemingly minimal repercussions over the years. So why is smoking still legal after all this time and vaping is facing backlash? According to Johns Hopkins Medicine, vaping is harmful, but not as much as smoking. WHY THE EMPHASIS ON VAPING BUT NOT MORE HARMFUL THINGS?

Smoking has killed millions but you can buy cigarettes at nearly any convenience store. Decades of gun violence in schools with thousands affected and guns are still legal. Lawmakers have made countless excuses for why gun laws and tobacco laws cannot be changed.


According to the, “44.3% of young adult current e-cigarette users were never smokers before trying e-cigarettes.”

Exposure to secondhand smoke leads to lung cancer and cardiovascular and respiratory diseases in non-smokers. But only 26 states have laws that completely prohibit smoking in public areas like restaurants and bars, according to the CDC.

still wouldn’t drink it,” Tam said. The electronic vaping products that have been marketed to help people quit smoking are under the control of the big tobacco industry, which is not in the business of helping people stop smoking at all, according to Tam.



According to Tam, there are a few factors that distinguish vaping from smoking. The flavoring in vapes are particularly attractive to young children and can easily get them addicted to nicotine for a lifetime. Unlike cigarettes, many vape products can also easily be purchased online by young children. “One Juul pod is equal to a whole pack of cigarettes in terms of nicotine content. Toilet bowl water is cleaner than sewer water but you

There is some hypocrisy to the idea that cigarettes are believed to be more harmful than vaping, but vaping is facing significantly greater backlash. While vaping is definitely not good for you at the end of the day, the quick push-back on certain vape products just goes to show that when enough people care about an issue, significant societal changes can be made. Ka Leo O Hawai‘i

The effects of toxic masculinity A ref lection on ‘The Mask You Live In’ JOHANNA LEO STAFF WRITER

In my “Research Methods for Psychology” class, we watched a documentary called “The Mask You Live In.” The film focused on toxic masculinity and included interviews with different men. It made me realize how much toxic masculinity affects us, and how there is not enough awareness or conversation about it. According to Aylin Kaya, a researcher focused on gender studies, toxic masculinity involves ideals such as “boys don’t cry,” avoiding looking feminine, tendencies to use aggression when feeling threatened and the idea that men should be dominant over women. MENTAL ILLNESS AMONG MEN

When researching suicide, it is found that although women attempt suicide more often than men, more men commit suicide. This is because suicide methods

used by men are more violent than those used by women, which leads to more effective completion. An important statistic to look at is that firearms account for over half of suicides, and in the United States, six out of 10 gun owners are men. But why do men use more violent ways to commit suicide? According to an article in BMJ Open, an online medical research journal, men seek mental health aid less often than women. This can tie into toxic masculinity. Telling them that “boys don’t cry” conditions men from their youth to keep their emotions in, because expressing them equates to “being weak.” Another potential reason is that traditional gender roles pressure men to be the “breadwinner,” which means that losing their job or financial stability could lead to a higher rate of mental illness and suicidal tendencies. These topics could exacerbate any mental health issues not only for men but for everybody. However, the fact

that men are “expected” to deal with these pressures without being able to express potential frustrations or pain makes it a prevalently male problem. THE COMMON DENOMINATOR AMONG MASS SHOOTERS

The part about the documentary that most stood out to me was a part in which they mentioned that, when looking at mass shooters, the common denominator among most of them is their gender; they were men. According to the FBI, only nine out of 250 shooter incidents in the period between 2000 and 2017 involved female shooters. Dewey G. Cornell, a psychologist at the University of Virginia, says that, “Men commit the overwhelming majority of mass shootings for basically the same reason they commit most violent crimes. [They] tend to be more aggressive and less inhibited by empathy, and men in distress seem to be less willing to turn to others for help.”

When watching this section in the documentary, interviewees mentioned abusive backgrounds in which they felt powerless, and how hurting others or themselves seemed to return a sense of power, something that is part of “being masculine.”

commit intimate partner violence. This makes a lot of sense if we consider that aggression could be used as a way to feel in control of relationships while maintaining sexist beliefs and a feeling of dominance over women. If you are a man who strays away from toxic masculine ideals, it is less likely that you would seek dominance over women in any way, even less so through violence. IN CONCLUSION


A panel from the first issue of the 1939 comic Blue Beetle. DOMESTIC VIOLENCE

This can also be connected to domestic violence. According to the organization Domestic Shelters, men who follow strict gender roles are indeed more likely to

Toxic masculinity is something that affects us all, regardless of your gender. It is important for us as a society to understand that the value of men does not rely on things such as power, emotional repression or dominance over women. Men, just as anyone, are human beings that should be allowed to experience a wide range of emotion without being looked down upon for it. This most likely will make for a healthier society and happier humans.

Profile for Ka Leo O Hawai‘i

December 3, 2019  

December 3, 2019