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Serving the students of the University of Hawai‘i at Mānoa.



UH Mānoa students get chance to speak about tuition increases at campus meeting E VELYN A SCHENBRENNER Staff Writer The University of Hawai‘i at Mānoa is planning on raising tuition, and many students are strongly opposed. The university presented information about the proposed tuition hikes at a meeting on Monday, and students and faculty were given a chance to speak their minds. “I have a feeling the decision has already been established,” said Sue Hagland, a graduate student at UH, about the tuition meeting. She added that the Board of Regents has approved salary increases for administrative employees. “Where is the accountability?” Haglund said. “I strongly, strongly opposed this increase.” She, and a number of UH students, faculty and alumni, gave testimony against the proposed hikes. There will be “modest increases” for resident undergraduate students, said Linda Johnsrud, executive vice president for academic affairs and provost, who was presenting the schedule. In 2012, tuition will increase by $132 per semester for resident undergrads. In contrast, nonresident undergrads will be charged $840 more.

Four-year universities, like UH Mānoa, will be hit harder than community colleges. Similarly, different student levels will see different increases; graduate students will see larger increases than undergrads, and professional schools – such as nursing and medicine – will see the sharpest hikes. “It’s higherpriced instruction,” Johnsrud said about graduate school. According to her, graduate and professional classes cost more to hold. Johnsrud also said that UH Mānoa is considered a fl agship university, and even after the increase, undergraduate tuition will still be less than the national average of other fl agship universities. Two reasons she cited for the tuition increase are decrease in state support and also increasing costs of proEVELYN ASCHENBRENNER/ KA LEO O HAWAI‘I viding education. She explained that state appropriations have been generous in the past, but that’s changing. “This is slowly falling apart,” she said, “and it puts pressure on tuition.” The state has cut $86 million from the university’s budget since 2009. But since enrollment has jumped, she said, the university is “ tr ying to ser ve many more students with less dollars.”

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Page 2 | Ka Leo | Wednesday, Oct. 12 2011 | Kelsey Amos Editor | Emi Aiko Associate






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‘Lack of transparency’ “WE’RE HERE TO LISTEN from front page

She linked the rise in enrollment to the lack of jobs available in the current economy. Some are concerned that tuition increases will disproportionately affect certain student groups. The student group Makawalu, which represents Native Hawaiian interests, gave testimony, as well as providing the BOR a copy of their remarks. “There’s a lack of transparency regarding tuition monies,” said Z. Aki, member of Makawalu. He also said that this will “negatively affect access” for Native Hawaiian students. “I oppose the proposed hikes,” said ‘Ilima Seto-Long, a graduate student in Hawaiian







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studies. “Raising tuition further blocks access to those who need it most,” she said, calling the hikes a social justice issue. The last tuition increase, in 2005-06, doubled tuition, according to Johnsrud. “Even though we doubled tuition, enrollment continued to go up,” Johnsrud said. Also, the three groups the BOR was most concerned would be impacted by tuition increases – Filipino, Pacific Islander and Hawaiian – were not. Although tuition is going up, increase in institutional aid to fi nancial aid will go up, Johnsrud said. She also said tuition dollars will benefit students because the money will go into hiring faculty and classroom upgrades. Nick Gibson, who is pursuing his Ph.D. in sociology, shared an experience in which he and his classmates, who were cleaning out an offi ce, came across a graduate assistant check from 1991. It was the same as it is now, he said. The BOR will vote on the proposal later this month, on Oct. 26.


The new tuition schedule goes into effect in the fall of 2012. Tuition is “one of the hardest things that we as regents have to deal with,” said Eric Martinson, chair of the Board of Regents, at the beginning of the meeting. “We’re here to listen to you today.” Regents James Lee, Coralie Chun Matayoshi, Chuck Gee and Dennis Hirota were also present. All comments from students and faculty will be considered in formulating the board’s fi nal decision, said Virgina Hinshaw, chancellor of UH Mānoa. For students who were unable to attend Monday’s meeting, testimony is also accepted via email, at For a breakdown of tuition changes, visit: offi ces/app/tuition.

EDITORIAL STAFF Editor in Chief Will Caron Managing Editor Jaimie Kim Chief Copy Editor Karleanne Matthews Assc Chief Copy Editor Candace Chang Design Editor Sarah Wright Assc Design Editor Chelsea Yamase News Editor Kelsey Amos Assc News Editor Emi Aiko Features Editor Alvin Park Assc Features Editor Maria Kanai Opinions Editor Taylor Gardner

Assc Opinions Editor Boaz Rosen Sports Editor Marc Arakaki Assc Sports Editor Joe Ferrer Comics Editor Nicholas Smith Photo Editor Nik Seu Assc Photo Editor Chasen Davis Web Editor Patrick Tran Assc Web Editor Blake Tolentino Broadcast News Editor Naomi Lugo Special Issues Editor Nick Webster Blog Editor Ryan Hendrickson

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Ka Leo O Hawai‘i is the campus newspaper of the University of Hawai‘i at Mānoa. It is published by the Board of Publications three times a week except on holidays and during exam periods. Circulation is 10,000. Ka Leo is also published once a week during summer sessions with a circulation of 10,000. Ka Leo is funded by student fees and advertising. Its editorial content reflects only the views of its writers, reporters, columnists and editors, who are solely responsible for its content. No material that appears in Ka Leo may be reprinted or republished in any medium without permission. The first newsstand copy is free; for additional copies, please visit the Ka Leo Building. Subscription rates are $50 for one semester and $85 for one year. ©2010 Board of Publications. ADMINISTRATION The Board of Publications, a student organization chartered by the University of Hawai‘i Board of Regents, publishes Ka Leo O Hawai‘i. Issues or concerns can be reported to the board (Ryan Tolman, chair; Ming Yang, vice chair; or Susan Lin, treasurer) via Visit for more information. | Kelsey Amos Editor | Emi Aiko Associate

Page 3 | Ka Leo | Wednesday, Oct. 12 2011


Top five salaries on campus TINA L AM Contributing Writer The University of Hawai‘i at Mānoa employs workers ranging from administrators to student employees – and ever ything in between. But while students may be well aware of how much they are spending on


their education, many might not know how much is being spent to compensate the faculty, staff and administrators. The budgeted money for salaries for this fiscal year totaled $263 million, with $171 million going to faculty, $76 million going to staff and $16 million going to administration, according to


Head Football Coach $1.089 million McMackin was hired in 2008. His salary is not paid from general funds or tuition.



Director of Communications Diane Chang. In an ef fort to promote transparency, K a L eo has de cided to provide the students of UH Mānoa with an idea of how the state’s money is be ing spent by publishing the salaries of the f ive highest-paid employees on campus.

enewa newal process. Director So whether this is part of a the largest role in that proces cess studies stud udies Meda Chesney continuing i i takeover k b by the h system, for students, they need to b Heerr contract was up for s well, if there’s a cohereent he Board of Regents level, p p g where they want the universit rs hiss is a response to t that th t versity it are, th the more problems bl there th “Stability “St bilit iis somethin ng It’ss a natural time for her are of us ... really welcome, so oI ut, ‘should I stay or not?’” we went back to having a chancel- than a little sad that she’s ann it is ann organization known as the t board of publications. pu cation cations however, speculate lor,” Cooney continued. her departure, because it m lp overs overseeWaters, student associate publicationsvice suc such as: w’’ss decision was a pre- We help Lynne have to go through another e a ovee. “She p probably y lost p president of external affairs and univer- trative change,” said Lind.. T H E V O I C E ncee of [U UH HS Sy yysst ste te sit ela si elatio ations, tions, ns co ount un eered these hes h ese ese claims, e cla lai aaiims ms, ms, s Hinshaw’s Hin Hi announcem me .] Greeenwood en nwood s sa lor llo or Hinshaw aaw w did did n di not d detailed t iill d the work she hass do geen nts. Sh She hee p prrob ob baablyy as bably as - actually ac ual act ually ua lyy hav ha have ve a co ont nttraact. She had an apntr p- ing in ng he ng h her er ttime im ime me at Mœnoa, in me we w eren’t ’t going i g to o renew poi pointment intment from from the Board of Regents. WAS WASC W WA C reaccreditation, th he t but I can’t t, can t prove that that. You will note it was for a period of five fi tion of residence halls, the ec um me this iis a way for f her h years. It was Chancellor Ch ll Hinshaw’s Hi h ’ ti tion off new buildings, b ildi inccre Benefits: Benefits ow w out gracefully,” said decision to announce e herThe departure at financial aid, the advancem me We Execuare recruiting re ruiting as leaders, leaders dministrators Facculty Senate this time board and with enough n Grow time to en- administrators, Hawai inuis,œplanners, kea School off H communicators publishers, meet more people of t tivvee Committee chairto best transition o possible for theanddKnowledge, the opening members t sure helptheoversee ob b Cooney. incoming chancellor.”” understand how chartered ter for Microbial Oceanogra g hartered publications publicatio dWhen we want “It’s something either s and asked if the t student renewalorganiz pro- ons other advancements. organizations function errssonal on her levelstu or ents cess a factor h decision, “I’m sad to hear that sh he’s communityHinserv service sstudents ntswas like yyou!in her meetthing between her shaw instead cited sstrategic reasons for a number of reasons,” saaid A stipend! the system,” he specu- for leaving the university next year. thought it was wonderful th that w lated “Many upcoming projects will take university president and a ch c

We are the bo bop! p! What is the Bop?



Dean, John A. Burns School of Medicine $479,760 Along with overseeing the school of medicine and its 260 students, Hedges oversees the postM.D. training of 250 M.D.s, who are matched to residency programs around the country. Hedges also runs the research enterprise, which is second at UH Mānoa for bringing out-of-state dollars into Hawai‘i.

EVERY NIGHT from 9pm-Close

4 M . R .C . G R E E N WO O D President, UH System $427,512 President Greenwood is the 14th president of the University of Hawai‘i System. The president is expected to serve as a researcher, scholar and advocate for the advancement of the higher education system in Hawai‘i.




Director, UH Cancer Center $391,416 Carbone has landed several grants for the University of Hawai‘i Cancer Center, and currently leads the center in various studies on how viruses, mineral fibers and genetics interact with human malignancies.


Dean, William S. Richardson School of Law $382,992 Soifer oversees the students of the William S. Richardson School of Law.



Page 4 | Ka Leo | Wednesday, Oct. 12 2011 | Kelsey Amos Editor | Emi Aiko Associate


Seed giant Monsanto funds CTAHR students EMI A IKO Associate News Editor





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The agriculture industry has changed dramatically in Hawai‘i since the decline of the sugar and pineapple industries. Land has increasingly been bought out by biotech seed crop companies that are part of a multibillion-dollar industry that produces and sells seeds, mainly for fruits and vegetables. “The contributions of Hawai‘i’s seed crop industry are significant. By supplying seeds to the world, Hawai‘i farmers and scientists are helping to build the economic future of our state while contributing to the growing global demand for food,” said Fred Perlak, vice president of Research and Business Operations for Monsanto in Hawai‘i, according to Hawai‘i Reporter. This trend is refl ected in University of Hawai‘i at Mānoa funding. For example, last month the College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources received $500,000 from Monsanto – a seed and biotech company – to establish the Monsanto Research Fellows Fund.

S E E D C RO P S I N H AWA Iʻ I According to statistics recently released by the National Agricultural Statistics Service and the Hawai‘i Department of Agriculture, the value of the Hawai‘i seed crop industry has increased for seven consecutive years, with the estimated value for the 2010-11 season at $247.2 million, an increase of five percent since last year. Hawai‘i’s seed crop industry provided about 1,800 jobs, representing 22 percent of agricultural jobs in the state last year.

However, the value of the seed crop industry is evaluated based on farm gate value, a net value of the product when it leaves the farm, after subtracting the marketing costs such as shipping, handling, storage, marketing, etc. Farm gate value does not include the costs of damage to the environment and to health. “The seed industry is the only industry valued on this method. Value costs, such as pesticides that eventually need to be cleaned up and the potential health effects from the pesticide or GMOs [Genetically Modified Organisms] are not put into the equation. So the value of the industry has to be put into question because it comes from the studies to promote the industry itself,” said Hector Valenzuela, a specialist in the Department of Plant and Environmental Protection Sciences. Seed production primarily involves studying plant genes and properties, breeding plants with desired genes both traditionally and using biotechnology, testing the resulting plants, and growing large quantities of favorable plants to produce parent seed that is sent to the mainland for mass reproduction and sale to farmers. “The top researchers here are not from Hawai‘i, and those crops are not putting food on our table. Hawai‘i is being used by these crops,” said Paul Achitoff, an attorney working for Earthjustice in Honolulu. In the event of a disaster that would cut off shipping to Hawai‘i, there is only enough food in the islands to last for two weeks. See UH Mānoa receives $500,000 research grant , next page | Kelsey Amos Editor | Emi Aiko Associate

UH MÄ noa receives $500,000 research grant from previous page

Monsanto. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Monsanto â&#x20AC;&#x153;Agriculture is has a sorry record of essential to Hawaiâ&#x20AC;&#x2DC;i ... Monsanto money, not only does UHM imcommitting corporate because more than crimes. In pursuit of 80 percent of food plicitly endorse Monsantoâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s poisonous pracproďŹ ts, they have conis imported, and a tices, but it spreads them to our students taminated the global food much larger percentwho will be learning the Monsanto way. chain with genetically age of homegrown modiďŹ ed, cancer-causing [food] is needed,â&#x20AC;? exploited land and people. Then they crops, bankrupted farmsaid Charles Kinoshileft Hawaiâ&#x20AC;&#x2DC;i when it was no longer ers in the global North and South ta, associate dean for CTAHR. As Hawaiâ&#x20AC;&#x2DC;i faces an increase proďŹ table, but the issues of chemi- by selling sterile seeds, spread dein total acreage from seed crops, cals, depleted soil and unemployment pendence on harmful herbicides, roughly 2,230 ďŹ eld tests of geneti- remained,â&#x20AC;? said Carlos Andrade, di- and pushed out local farmers (incally modiďŹ ed crops, including rector at the KamakakĹŤokalani Cen- cluding in Hawaiâ&#x20AC;&#x2DC;i), limiting the availability of fresh food. corn, soybeans, cotton, potatoes, ter for Hawaiian Studies. Monsanto, a multinational agriâ&#x20AC;&#x153;Why would CTA HR want to wheat, alfalfa, beets, rice, safďŹ&#x201A; ower and sorghum, have been coor- cultural biotechnology corporation receive money from such a cordinated over the past 10 years in specializing in biotech corn seed poration? In taking Monsanto Hawaiâ&#x20AC;&#x2DC;i. This makes Hawaiâ&#x20AC;&#x2DC;i the crops, is one of the ďŹ ve major compa- money, not only does UHM immost genetically tested agricul- nies that operates seed production in plicitly endorse Monsantoâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s poitural region in the world, accord- Hawaiâ&#x20AC;&#x2DC;i. It is a leading producer of bio- sonous practices, but it spreads ing to Virginia Techâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Information tech corn seed crops, and provides the them to our students who will seed technology for 90 percent of the be learning the Monsanto way,â&#x20AC;? Systems for Biotechnology. â&#x20AC;&#x153;It is important to understand worldâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s genetically engineered crops. said Cynthia Franklin, a professor in the English department. that every technology comes with The founding college at UH, risks. We have to look at the ben- MO N S A N T O G R A N T The Monsanto Research Fel- established in 1907, CTAHR had eďŹ ts and the potential risk, that there is proper risk assessment lows Fund will support CTAHR one of the smallest student enrolldone before the technology is graduate students pursuing a mas- ments of all the UH colleges a debeing released,â&#x20AC;? said Anna Wiec- terâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s or doctoral degree and postdoc- cade ago. But trends show that as zorek, an associate specialist in toral researchers in plant science funding from private companies and protection-related studies. and agencies increased in recent biotechnology at UH. â&#x20AC;&#x153;We are certainly thankful to years, there was also a trend of inâ&#x20AC;&#x153;For us, this is the turning point to follow the global consensus, and Monsanto for providing support creasing enrollment in CTAHR. CTAHR is not the only instituwe should move towards more eco- to CTAHR. The support is badly logical types of farming. We know needed, especially at a time like tion that has received donations that small farms are also productive now where the federal dollars go- from Monsanto and other private and more beneďŹ cial to the communi- ing into the research is getting companies. Community colleges, public high schools and middle ty because the money will stay here. tighter,â&#x20AC;? Kinoshita said. â&#x20AC;&#x153;It is a pretty open-ended gift schools have also received funding The large-scale plantation will make to be used by the CTAHR, to help for training programs in Hawaiâ&#x20AC;&#x2DC;i. large-scale private interests. â&#x20AC;&#x153;The agriculture [industry] But in the long term, it is not faculty and students to continue good for the local community be- to excel in education. â&#x20AC;Ś The ag- and its requirements are changcause they are going to pick up and riculture industry is an important ing and challenges are becoming leave, just like Del Monte did. What part of Hawaiâ&#x20AC;&#x2DC;i, and the university more complex,â&#x20AC;? said Kinoshita. they left behind is lands that may has strong areas and focuses of â&#x20AC;&#x153;As a college, we believe that all take decades to bring back to pro- research. â&#x20AC;Ś We want to support these various technologies can the university to keep the educa- co-exist and we believe in the ductive levels,â&#x20AC;? Valenzuela said. importance of both, so we would â&#x20AC;&#x153;What happened in the past tion level high,â&#x20AC;? Perlak said. However, some are critical of like to support to the extent that with sugar plantations who came to Hawaiâ&#x20AC;&#x2DC;i is that in the long run they the universityâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s involvement with we can do every one of them.â&#x20AC;?

Page 5 | Ka Leo | Wednesday, Oct. 12 2011

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Page 6 | Ka Leo | Wednesday, Oct. 12 2011 | Alvin Park Editor |Maria Kanai Associate

Features _

‘This is a holy place’


Fall Footholds

One journalist’s experience with UH students at the Hare Krishna temple

Classic and Contemporary Dance by UHM Students

Oct 12, 13, 14, 15 at 8pm; Oct 16 at 2pm in the Earle Ernst Lab Theatre Just $5 for UHM students with validated ID!

JUDAH L ANDZBERG Contributing Writer


4pm to 8pm

On any given Sunday, a group of 10 or 20 students congregates at this large property in a residential neighborhood just off the Pali Highway, a few miles from the University of Hawai‘i at Mānoa campus. The house also doubles as the headquarters for Govinda’s vegetarian restaurant, which owns a popular food stand in UH’s Sustainability Courtyard. I went to the religious center to interview student participants out of a sense of curiosity, but my fi rst hour and a half was spent in silent observation. When I entered the temple, I was led into the main room to sit in on the end of a Bhagavad Gita study session. A few minutes later, the drums were beating from the center of the room and there were women in the front dancing in unison. The rest of us in the back swayed back and forth, working ourselves into the rhythm. By the middle of the session, everybody around me was dancing, and it was diffi cult not to be dragged in by the drumbeat. Students from all walks of life gathered in pockets of dance around the worship room. At fi rst glance, they seemed to be the closest of friends. But when we sat down together for a meal after worship, a different picture emerged. “I actually don’t really know most of these people very well,” said Nick Hargera, a UH Mānoa sophomore. “I came a lot more last year.”


The Hare Krishna temple is located on 51 Coelho Way, Honolulu, HI 96817. However, these students are linked through a deep interest in the religion, as well as a certain bond to the temple itself. “This is kind of a holy place,” said junior Narayan Higgins, looking up from across the table in the backyard of the Hare Krishna temple. Hare Krishna is a religion with of years of tradition. Like Hinduism, it is based on the text of the Bhagavad Gita. In the 1970s, a swami (Hindi for spiritual leader) named Prabhupada came to New York City from India with no money to his name to establish Hare Krishna as an international religion. Due to Prabhupada’s hard work and friendly manner, within a decade, dozens of Hare K rishna centers were established around the U.S. In his old age, Swami Prabhupada spent most of his time in his favorite temple, the very one in which we were now sitting and eating, studying and writing on the Bhagavad Gita. In addition to study, the swami was very active in bringing the virtues of Hare Krishna, like vegetarianism, to the greater

community. Some of the students I interviewed bridge their roles as religious devotees and students by becoming active in the vegetarian club on campus. “We’re not vegetarian because we love vegetables,” said Anna Nazaryan, president of the UH vegetarian club and a student of Hare Krishna. “We’re vegetarian because we love God.” A couple of other students from the vegetarian club volunteer their time helping at the Govinda’s vegetarian food stand on campus. The involvement doesn’t stop there. The students pass out literature on campus ranging from vegetarian cookbooks to books on Hare K rishna religion and philosophy. “A book is like a time-bomb. Once you give it to someone, if they’re there, somebody will eventually read it,” Nazaryan said. Dinner was over and I was getting ready to leave. I thanked Higgins for allowing me to join them and to interview them, but he wouldn’t let the night end so formally. “A lot of other religions are focused on ‘us versus them,’” Higgins said. “In Hare Krishna, there’s no ‘us versus them.’” | Alvin Park Editor |Maria Kanai Associate

Page 7 | Ka Leo | Wednesday, Oct. 12 2011


What a country’s porn says about gender equality

YUK A J. POLOVINA Contributing Writer


Each country has its own unique taste in porn, but a nation’s most popular x-rated images may also tell us about that society’s level of gender equality. Dana Arakawa, a University of Hawai‘i at Mānoa Ph.D. student in psychology, led a group of 12 undergraduate research assistants to study whether cross-cultural differences in gender equality are reflected in porn. Arakawa used the United Nation’s Gender Empowerment Measure (which rates 93 nations on gender equality) to look at three countries spanning the spectrum: Norway (1), the U.S. (15) and Japan (54).

About 300 popular, frequently consumed pornographic images were selected from each country. Of these, 60 per country were randomly selected for investigation, totaling 180 pornographic images. The original angle of the study was to look at the disempowering aspect of porn across cultures. However, Arakawa said, “because of my positive psychology interest, my take on it was that we should also look at empowering parts of this research question.” U.S. cultural dialogue around sex tends to focus on the negatives, such as censorship, abuse and violence, but Arakawa hoped to approach the sensitive topic in a different way. “There was a sex-positive movement in the 1960s where people did start to look at this issue more positively. But it was more from a philosophical point of view and not from a research-based perspective,” Arakawa said. To overcome the lack of empirical work on the empowerment aspects of porn, Arakawa developed her own 21-item scale to assess positive aspects of pornographic images. The scale looked at the opposite features of disempowerment, such as if the woman is phys-

ically unrestrained (in a neutral pose), average or above average weight, or looks natural (with cellulite or wrinkles). But, Arakawa warns, “Opposite of negative isn’t always positive.” And her research found just that. Norway had more porn depicting female empowerment compared to the U.S. and Japan, but at the same time, all three countries had equally demeaning images. In these countries, more gender equality did not necessarily translate into less degrading porn. Arakawa speculated that “in countries where it is more balanced and equitable, we think that both types of porn [empowering and disempowering] will flourish. Pornography will always include material that is degrading to women in some way. But in Norway, it did include more examples that would show an empowerment side [of porn] too.” The study found that mainstream x-rated images in Norway represented a greater spectrum of body types. The standardized ideal was not restricted to one that is young, thin and small. Women in mainstream Norwegian porn were not only varied in body type, but represented more natural features and poses. In the U.S. and Japan however, young women with thin, surgically modified bodies and flawless

skin represented societal ideals of perfection. This study is unique in that while the overwhelming research on explicit images has looked at porn through a negative lens, Arakawa’s research sheds more light on how porn can be analyzed through an anticensorship and pro-sex perspective. Traditional anti-porn arguments often attempt to form causal relationships between sexually explicit images and violent behaviors, and focus on how it is produced and consumed in a way that is abusive to women. But Arakawa’s study may lend itself to the argument that not all porn is inherently harmful. As for future research, Arakawa is not sure if she will continue to explore gender equality, porn and culture, but she acknowledges the importance of the topic. “You can’t just know the positive by just studying the negative,” she said. “The positive is something to look at in its own right … people rarely talk about how sex is natural. It’s a big part of everyone’s life, but we rarely talk about the positive aspects of it.” Arakawa’s study is currently being published in the International Journal of Intercultural Relations under the title “Are variations in gender equality evident in pornography? A cross-cultural study.”


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Page 8 | Ka Leo | Wednesday, Oct. 12 2011 | Taylor Gardner Editor | Boaz Rosen Associate


Water, water, everywhere, nor any drop to drink TREVOR R Z AK A OV O Stafff Wr W it iter err Hall f way ay b et etwe w en H aw we w ai ai‘i ‘i a nd d A us u t ralia, a small naati t on n of se s ve vera rall is ra isla laa nd ndss a nd coral atolls r ise iss e s – j ust ba bare rely ly – out u f rom the blu lue wate e r s of the Sout uth h Pa Paccifi ci fic O c ean. This natio Ocea on iss ca call led Tuv u alu u. I f you have never hea earrd off Tu Tuva valu b efore, it m ay be becau use t hi h s countr tryy is the t hi h rdleast-popu u la latt ed natiion o in thee wo w rld, d a nd is the fou ourth-smallestt in overr al alll sii ze. Nonetheless, Tu Tuva valu merits everyone’ss at attention at thiis mome men nt of great need, because thee country is current ntly exp per erie ien ncing a fu ing full-scale assault lt by Moth therr Nat atu u re ur on numerous fronts. Th he govvern nme ent nt of TuTu valu declared a state of em mergen ncy c wee e k, primar arily due to the he fact that at the h country y has no more fres esh h water for its ro roug ugh hl hly 10,0 10,0 0 0 0 total cit itiz izens, 5,000 of wh hom o res esid ide e in the in h natio on’ n’s capital Funafuti. App p roxiima m tely every 10-12 years rs, the e weather ph p enomenon La Niña re-emerge ges, a d th an thee Pa Pacci ci fi ficc Ocea cea ean’ n s no norm rmal rm al wea al eath t er patth att

tterns e s ar a e pl plag lagued d wi with ith ano nomallous us weath ther aan nd cl c im mat a e ph phen en nomen na. For muc u h of the Sout So uth P Paaci cfi ficc, the pas astt yearr hass bro rought ex xte tens nsivve d drrou ough ghtt like con nditi t io on o n ns. S pe peci c fi call ci c a lly, y, Tuv uval alu u haa s no n t ex x pe p rienced ence en cee d me me as asur urab able le r ai ain n fo for t he e pa p st six mo ont nths t hs hs. s Me M an a wh h il ile, e, t ho h us usan ands ds of mile es to t he no orr th thwe west we st,, th t e Ph Phil ilip ippii ne ness ha h s j ust b ee just ju e en slam sl a m me sl e d by t wo s ig igni n fi ca ni cant ntt t yy phoo ph oons ns i n th t he sp the p an n of on one e we week ek. Muc uch h li lik ke Haw awai ai‘i ‘i, Tu Tuva valu lu t yp ypic iccal a l ly ally y be ene nefi fits ts from m rece ceiv ivin ing g signifi fican nt raa in infall, wh whicch th then n servess as t he main n so sour urce rce of dri rink nking g wa wate ter. r. Howeverr, the re rece ceent nt sh hif ifts tss i n weathe er du d e to La Ni Niña ña havve f rced fo ed t he nation at to rely on their ir few wat ater e er desalina de e nati tion o pla lant n s. Because e of ov o er eru use, use, th these h faci cili lities es recently broke do own. wn n Tuvalu re eac acte ted d by decla lari rii ng n a staate t of emerge genc n y, a s we well as form rm m al ally req eq questting in g aid f rom Austral alia ia and New Z ea eala land nd.. nd New Ne w Ze Z alaa nd ha h s he e ed eded ed Tuv uvalu’ u s call f r help, an fo a d is now pro rovi v dii ng a id in the form fo rm of tw two o new w de esaa lii n izatiion uni nitt s and nume nu me ero rous us w at ater er con onta taa iner i nerss. in s.

Tuvval a lu l a lso l suff f fers f rom th the fa f actt t hatt most of th he co c untry is justt ab a ove e se seaa le levvel; th he h hii ghest point in the country y mea easure es a mere 4.5 meters above e sea level. In F un na futi, the combination of continued urb ba nization ban ni and rising sea levels hass resu u lt lted e in a devastated, barren l an ed ands d ca cape pe.. pe Hu m an wast Hum ste and manmade by bypr prrod ducts ts se e ep e i nt nto o th t e ground and d sink ri r gh g t in nto to t he su rr th rrou u nd n in i g coral att ol oll. l. T hi h s atol oll is whe here re mos ostt peopl op ple fi sh fo for or th heir i r me mealls. s Not o too o lon ong g ag go, o cit itiz i en ns had ha d very y few w pro robl b em ms ca catc tchi hing n a n aab bun un dant da nt sup ppl p y off lar arge ge fish, h but rec e entlly the th he fish bei ei ng ng caugh g t ar gh are e sm maller an nd fe fewe werr in numbe ber. The coral reefs are extre be emely ly y sens se nsi ivve to any changes in th ns nsit hei eirr en e vi v ro ronn ment,, an a d are now dying due e to o t he po oll lu l tants entering into the eco c syst sttem e . Probably the most alarm m in ing g aan nd time-sen nsi s tive iss sssu ue e for Tuval alu u is the he e f ac t that the country y m ig ght h s oo o n cease to exist. Climatologist stt s are arre cons n erva vati tive vely ly pre redicting a rise in se ea le level of 8 to 16 inche es in t he e next ex xt 1 10 0 0 ye year arss. s . T his h is sm hi smal alll bu al ut

ssii gn n ifi i fic a ntt ris is e mayy prove t o be t he onl nly ly im mportant fa factor in predicting Tuvalu’ss still uncertaa in fu futu ture e . As recently as 100 yearr s ago,, c it itii zen ens of Tuv uvalu were able to o usee th us theeir limiite ted d space a s a place to grow w f ruits and veg eget etables, inclu lud d i many ba-ding nana na na t rees. Yet in t he past fe few years, seaa leve vels ls havve sl slow owly ly c rept up p and saa li lini nize zed d th he la l nd d . Pl Plan ants ts qui u ckly wil iltt and turn yel el w duee to t he sal lo alty ty s oi oil.. Ass sm s alll an and d as “in in nsi s gn gnificant” as Tu-va lu va l may see eem m to som me, e, t he h re r a re e numer err ou us less lessson onss we sho houl uld d le ear a r n. n. Tuv uval alu’ u s mi mis-fo t un fort nes a re e a sma mall l pre ll review v iew of the mo or e comp co m le mp lex x pr prob oble lems ms t haat can ca n aff aff fect fect c us all. I f hu huma mans ns con onti tinu nu ue to t poll lu utte e the land d with wi th man anma m de wasste te, th the la land n w il nd il l eventu-all ly y bec eco ome ba barr r ren en n and serve ve no pu purpose.. A l ci Al citt izen ns of E arth need to take e i nto o conssid ider eratio ion th their envi v ronmental impact ctt and how w it will affect future generations.. Nature re can be un unpr p edictable, and it iss imp im por ant for people to pl port plan on being in-co convenienced co i n a world of unp npre redi d ctable e clim cl imat atee pa p tt tter erns ns a nd t he heir ir eff ffec eccts ts.. YOGENDRA174/FLICKRR

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Page 9 | Ka Leo | Wednesday, Oct. 12 2011


Occupy Wall Street: We’re angry about things and stuff TAYLOR GARDNER Opinions Editor

Hundreds or thousands currently gather in Manhattan’s Zuccotti Park, depending on the day. Some carry protest signs, some wear costumes, some pass out pamphlets and some antagonize the police force. Many are

“99 percent” they claim to be, those in the group have vastly different ideologies and agendas. This diversity is best shown by a list of demands proposed by one of the protestors (although the Occupy Wall Street NYC General Assembly recognizes no demands). On this unofficial list, Lloyd Hart records 13 demands

With so many diverse (and sometimes even conflicting) ideas, it seems unclear if even the Occupy Wall Street protesters themselves are aware of what they hope to accomplish.

heard shouting their demands as they march throughout the city. Known as Occupy Wall Street, these protests have even begun to spread elsewhere across the nation. But what is it about? Simply reading the various signs or hearing the different things being shouted from the streets, you’ll struggle to defi ne the main objective of the protests. You’ll pass a man holding a sign condemning corporate greed, who’s sitting next to a woman passing out anti-war pamphlets, as another man shouts about legalizing marijuana, a woman with a microphone talks about animal cruelty, gay men and women march for greater equality, and a topless woman dances in the street. Is this a protest, or a block party with opinions? The only theme throughout the camp is all the protesters want something. That something may be different for each individual, but they all want it – and feel they deserve it. Even on its own website, Occupy Wall Street only claims, “The one thing we all have in common is that we are the 99 percent that will no longer tolerate the greed and corruption of the one percent.” However, even if they are the

he claims “will create so many jobs it will be completely impossible to fill them without an open borders policy.” But the demands are far from realistic. First, he suggests abandoning free trade in favor of increased protectionism, as well as a federal minimum wage of $20 an hour. This single demand would cripple small business owners, unable to pay their workers such steep wages. It would also damage large business owners, as increased tariffs would drive up the prices of raw goods. Hart also demands “guaranteed living wage income regardless of employment.” Hart is not talking about lightly reforming the welfare system; he is suggesting taxpayer money should support anyone indefi nitely, regardless of whether or not they choose to work. Hart then continues to suggest “free college education.” Is that really what America needs? Our schools are already churning out graduates who are unable to find jobs. Will guaranteeing each citizen a degree somehow create more jobs? It’s much more likely that with more college graduates, employers will simply shift their demands to

employ those with master’s or doctoral degrees. Essentially, college will become the new high school, with graduate degrees becoming the equivalent of current bachelor’s degrees. And let’s not forget the huge fi nancial investment that would be required to guarantee a college education to everyone. One of the most ridiculous demands Hart makes is “immediate, across-the-board debt forgiveness for all.” We may be the all-singing, all-dancing crap of the world, Tyler Durden, but it’s a bit more complex than that. Initially – as a student facing substantial loan debt, credit card debt or medical debt – you may be thinking what a great idea that is. Obviously, debtors would not mind this demand. But what about the creditors? You might conjure up an image of an old wrinkly banker when you think of creditors, but the fact is the American public consists of both debtors and creditors. Most likely your parents’ retirement account is invested at least partially in some type of debt instrument. Those bonds your grandmother gave you that you’ve been holding for years? Well, this demand would make those worthless. Setting debts to zero would effectively cripple investment in America. The other demands are similar, but cannot be combined into one central message. This is a fundamental problem facing Occupy Wall Street. People seem genuinely interested in listening, but the protesters lack clarity. The media struggles to portray their message, as each protestor has a different one to share. With so many diverse (and sometimes even confl icting) ideas, it seems unclear if even the Occupy Wall Street protesters themselves are aware of what they hope to accomplish.

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Page 10 | Ka Leo | Wednesday, Oct. 12 2011 | Taylor Gardner Editor | Boaz Rosen Associate

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Understanding APEC As a member of the APEC intern team at UH, I think it is important to give the students a general summary of APECâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s agenda and inďŹ&#x201A;uence, while addressing the pressing concerns over how APEC will affect the people and state of Hawaiâ&#x20AC;&#x2DC;i. APEC stands for Asia-PaciďŹ c Economic Cooperation. This forum was established in 1989 to bring economic prosperity in the AsiaPaciďŹ c region through economic cooperation and balance. APEC is a non-binding organization: all of the decisions are made by consensus and discussion. Itâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s not a forum where free trade agreements are established. It is a rare occasion where leaders, government ofďŹ cials and business representatives from 21 economies get together and address the challenges of the 21st century. It is well stated that APECâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s agenda is to improve economic relationships, and to create a level playing ďŹ eld for the economies of the Asia-PaciďŹ c region. However, as with any group endorsing globalization, there will always be those opposed to the efforts of such organizations. The reasons fueling anti-globalistsâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; protests are complex and valid, deserving serious examination. However, what needs to be understood is that the objective of APECâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s meetings is to foster communications between economies with the motive to encourage positive changes for the region made â&#x20AC;&#x153;in good faith,â&#x20AC;? rather than by forced policy. There will always be trade-offs with regards to economic discussion and policy; but being a non-binding discussion forum, it is difďŹ cult to link APEC to common anti-globalistsâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; concerns, such as child labor, human trafďŹ cking, and other sensitive international occurrences. APEC seeks to ad-

dress equality disparities between and within the Asia-PaciďŹ c economies. Developing members work together to support the underdeveloped by creating investment and trading opportunities through the sharing of knowledge, expertise and technological advancements. Another important aspect of APEC is how it affects the host city for its annual meetings. With the meeting held in Hawaiâ&#x20AC;&#x2DC;i this year, there is much concern as to how the inďŹ&#x201A;ux of the estimated 17,000 people will affect the local economy and, more importantly, the local people residing in the archipelago. The state of Hawaiâ&#x20AC;&#x2DC;i has been working on logistics for over a year now to make sure that all runs smoothly the week of the conference, not only for the 21 delegates and their entourages, but also for the locals who need to go about their daily business as unaffected as possible. Approximately 1,300 volunteers have been trained and assigned to different tasks and locations to further ensure that this international conference is a success. The increased interconnectedness of the world today cries out for organizations such as APEC. The economies of the world must work together to support one another and encourage growth and prosperity. The summit being held here in November is a momentous event that will likely never return to Hawaiian soil. The state is working tirelessly to promote Hawaiâ&#x20AC;&#x2DC;i as a business port for the Asia-PaciďŹ c region. The increased exposure is thus far an unrivaled opportunity for Hawaiâ&#x20AC;&#x2DC;i to put itself on the map, not only as a vacation destination, but also as a destination for effecSee Opportunity, next page

To submit letters to the editor, email | Taylor Gardner Editor | Boaz Rosen Associate

Page 11 | Ka Leo | Wednesday, Oct. 12 2011


I have to admit that an article in the Oct. 7 issue of Ka Leo really rubbed me the wrong way. Suddenly there is alarm about Krauss Pond, and Buildings and Grounds is mentioned in the article as being concerned about the situation. Give me a break. Buildings and Grounds has not done a damn thing about Krauss Pond for almost two years. Since the Outreach College left Krauss, no one has taken care of that pond except me. For a year and a half I did the basic work that Buildings and Grounds employees should have done. Week after week I raked vegetation that fell from the bamboo and other trees there out of that pond, so that the pond could have a chance of surviving. But basically it is impossible to leave a stagnant body of water for long without it turning into a cesspit. That is exactly what ďŹ nally started to happen last spring, as algae started to grow in the pond. I went away for much of July, and when I came back the pond was entirely green. I raked it when I returned in early August, and at that time I raked up some bottles of paint that someone had thrown in one end (gold, red and silver). But I didnâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t think that the paint had turned the color of the pond green: one, because it was already turning green and two, because I couldnâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t

see how the mixture of paints I had raked up could combine to make a green color. Also, in searching the Internet for â&#x20AC;&#x153;paint-like substances on the top of ponds,â&#x20AC;? I found that bacteria can do this, so I assumed that was the case. I also didnâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t report anything, because why should I? Buildings and Grounds hadnâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t given a damn about that pond for the past year and a half, so why should I have thought that they would give a damn now? Further, Buildings and Grounds has employees who work in that area every day. It has a manager whoâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s around there all the time. He used to clean the pond for Outreach. Do you mean to tell me that he canâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t tell that the pond turned green in July? He canâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t report that? Whatâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s wrong with him? In August, there were some high school kids who went by there and vandalized the place. They wrote grafďŹ ti and killed some baby ducks who could not ďŹ&#x201A;y yet. I did report that to Campus Security, because my sense is that Campus Security is concerned and responsive. Krauss Pond should be the jewel of this campus. People love that place. Countless people walk by there every day. People have lunch there, or coffee. They love to enjoy the peaceful setting and watch the ducks or turtles. However, for the past two years in which Buildings and Grounds has let it turn into

a cesspit, people have been asking over and over and over, â&#x20AC;&#x153;Why doesnâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t anyone take care of this place?â&#x20AC;? â&#x20AC;&#x153;When is someone going to clean this pond?â&#x20AC;? People ask the janitor who works there regularly. And they have asked me this when they have seen me cleaning the pond. And Iâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;m well aware that there are people at Krauss who have also informed Buildings and Grounds that they have the money and desire to ďŹ x the pond, but they have not been allowed to do that. So now Buildings and Grounds is looking at the thousands of dollars that it will take to clean the pond. I have to wonder, if Buildings and Grounds had never abandoned the pond almost two years ago, would any of this have happened? If Krauss Pond had been maintained in the good condition that it should have been, would anyone have considered vandalizing it? Or was it the fact that it had already turned into a cesspit due to the neglect of Buildings and Grounds that led someone to throw paint bottles in it (if that is in fact what caused the water to become the way it is)? In the end, Buildings and Grounds has a tremendous amount to explain for its neglect of what should be the pride of this campus.

L IAM K ELLEY Associate Professor, History

Opportunity for Hawaiâ&#x20AC;&#x2DC;i from previous page

tively conducting business. Let us embrace this unique affair, and give APEC worthy credit for its dedication to bringing economies together to deliberate and help solve the trials and tribulations of the region. For those opposed to the missions of APEC, I would ask them to consider and examine only the issues that pertain to the Asia-PaciďŹ c. The high incidences of suicide in India, as outlined on the front of last weekâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Fri-

day issue, is shocking, but India is not directly affected by APECâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s agenda as it is not a member of the organization. India has sought membership, along with multiple other economies, but was denied entry as it would stretch the bounds of the Asia-PaciďŹ c region too far.

A SHLEY A ITKEN Senior, Economics

To submit letters to the editor, email

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Page 12 | Ka Leo | Wednesday, Oct. 12 2011 | Taylor Gardner Editor | Boaz Rosen Associate

Opinions I would just go with it. If you liked the girl enough to ask her out and you let her pick the movie, you should honor that decision. If you felt uncomfortable during the date, I would presume it was more than just the movie making you uncomfortable. I’ve actually been in a similar situation. I went out with a guy to see a movie and he just didn’t understand the movie. It was such a weird date. I never saw him again, and because he didn’t like the movie I f urther lost interest in him. In the f uture, I would come up with a plan for f irst dates that are fail safe and stick to them. Dinner at a restaurant that you know is a safe plan. Or, tr y an activit y like a hike at Makapu‘u. I think movies are better saved for third dates onward. Movies are awkward; you have to sit there in silence, and you have to worr y about personal space.


Liz &Sam Question What should you do if it is the first date and the girl plans something you don’t really want to do? For example, I planned to go to a movie, and the girl really wanted to see this particular movie. I had no interest in this movie, but couldn’t really say no. Ultimately, it just made me feel uncomfortable during the date. Have a question? Submit yours to

I think that the girl choosing the movie is insight into what the girl’s personality may be like. So presumably, if you don’t like the movie you are seeing or you’re already uncomfortable on the fi rst date, then I don’t see it being an easy relationship. If you’re already experiencing problems with her movie selection, then I would be cautious as the relationship progresses. This is really not a big deal, but if you are interested in this girl and fi nd the dating routine unfair, then maybe in the future you could pick the movie, or maybe a restaurant where you could go before or after the movie. I think that you should also lighten up. It’s only the fi rst date, and the last thing you want to do is put any type of expectations on it. At this point, since you were uncomfortable with the date, it’s up to you if you want to continue dating this girl. But for now, just have fun, open up your mind and accept the change. | Nicholas Smith Editor

Page 13 | Ka Leo | Wednesday, Oct. 12 2011


Page 14 | Ka Leo | Wednesday, Oct. 12 2011


Los Angeles Times Daily Crossword Puzzle Edited by Rich Norris and Joyce Lewis

1 2 5 8 2 Fill in the grid so that every row, every column, and every 3x3 box contains the digits 1 thru 9. Puzzles will become progressively more difficult through the week.



7 6

3 9 2 1 7

4 5 8 9 2 6

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6 4 9

Go to for this puzzleâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s solution.


3 7 4 2 MEDIUM

# 64

LARGE ONE TOPPING PIZZA $10 ACROSS 1 Skips, as stones 5 __ jure: by the law itself 9 Ancient Briton 13 Catchall survey opciĂłn 14 Like a prof. emeritus:Abbr. 15 Raw fish dish 16 *Itching for a fight 18 From years past 19 Elephant in stories 20 Prints a new edition of 22 Suffix in taxonomy 23 *Steady guy or gal 26 Gathered together 27 Objective 28 â&#x20AC;&#x153;Catsâ&#x20AC;? poetâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s monogram 29 Up to, casually 30 Author Harte 32 â&#x20AC;&#x153;Letâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s notâ&#x20AC;? 34 Like law school courts 36 *Third base, in baseball lingo 40 Gumbo thickener 42 Quite small 43 â&#x20AC;&#x153;Oedipus Texâ&#x20AC;? composer P.D.Q. __ 47 â&#x20AC;&#x153;Thereâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s no __ teamâ&#x20AC;? 48 Catâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s pajamas? 51 Man of the house 53 However, briefly 54 *Shower convenience 57 Suffix for velvet 58 Batman, for Bruce Wayne 59 Surprise hit, maybe 61 Threw verbal tomatoes 62 Football linemen, or an apt description of the last words of the answers to starred clues 65 Black hues, in poetry 66 Spread in a tub 67 Pierreâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s South Dakota? 68 A whole bunch 69 Tiny fraction of a min. 70 One of the Gilmore girls

DOWN 1 Internet failure, punnily 2 â&#x20AC;&#x2122;80s Republican strategist Lee 3 Court concerned with wills 4 Crash site? 5 E-file org. 6 Apple of oneâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s eye 7 Not easily amused 8 Most likely to raise eyebrows 9 Vital sign 10 Happens because of 11 Cracker with a hole in the middle 12 Holiday glitter 15 â&#x20AC;&#x153;What are you gonna do about it?!â&#x20AC;? 17 â&#x20AC;&#x153;__ la Douceâ&#x20AC;? 21 Mensa stats 24 Grammar class no-no 25 13-year-old Apple 31 TGIF eve? 33 Question of method 35 Ball 37 Laced dress shoes 38 Start from scratch 39 Tide table term 40 1970 John Wayne western 41 Painting the town red 44 Eroded, as profits 45 11-Down flavor 46 Lincoln forte 47 Writer Allende 49 French 101 article 50 Convertible, in slang 52 Balance due, e.g. 55 Hammer parts 56 Churns up 60 Reader of signs 63 â&#x20AC;&#x153;Go figureâ&#x20AC;? 64 Ad __ committee




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30 07 Linc oln Ave. Honolulu, HI 96816 808 -739-1355 | Marc Arakaki Editor| Joe Ferrer Associate

Page 15 | Ka Leo | Wednesday, Oct. 12 2011


Warriors to play on national television this Friday JEREMY NIT TA Staff Writer For the fi rst time this season, the University of Hawai‘i football team will enter a game with a twogame winning streak. Players and coaches alike have noticed a newfound attitude surrounding the team. “The team has shown more enthusiasm for the game,” said senior linebacker Corey Paredes.” We came out kind of dead against UNLV. We’re just trying to get that swagger and that confidence back. That’s the biggest thing with us winning.” “We’re getting better and better, and the players feel that,” said head coach Greg McMackin. “We have two goals: to win the WAC championship and to go to a bowl

game. And we still have those goals ahead of us. So every game is a must-win game in the league, if we want the WAC [Western Athletic Conference] title.”

KEEPING IT UP Despite the team’s confi dence, stemming from its recent success, McMackin and his players acknowledge that they can’t become complacent, especially coming off a bye week. Instead, the team used the bye week as an opportunity to further improve. “We’re really working hard; we didn’t just fool around during our bye week,” said McMackin. “We’re really trying to get better and improve, and we have to continue to get better every week. We were able to take the bye week to improve, work and get ready for

San Jose State a little.” John Hardy-Tuliau, a sophomore free safety, also expressed a desire for the team to continue to progress. “The team is feeling pretty good,” said Hardy-Tuliau. “But there are always some things we need to work on as a defense. So we just have to keep on working hard. The Louisiana Tech win felt good, but we need to keep building.” Hardy-Tuliau also mentioned that the defense has shown significant improvement over the season, and credits it to the team’s hard work and diligence. “In our two wins, the defense was communicating better,” said Hardy-Tuliau. “We’ve been working on the fundamentals, just going back to the basics really – like tackling and communicating

– and we’ve just been gelling and coming together.” Paredes attributes the team’s success to this synergy. “The best player on the team is when the team is together as one,” said Paredes. “We just need to keep it rolling, keep getting our confidence back, and keep playing together as one.”

UP NEXT San Jose State (2-4, 1-1 WAC) is currently tied for second place in the WAC, behind Hawai‘i, Nevada and Fresno State. The Spartans are coming off a loss to BYU, a loss that snapped their two-game winning streak, and are gunning for the top-ranked Warriors on a nationally televised matchup. Hawai‘i plays the Spartans this Friday at 3 p.m. on ESPN in San Jose, Calif.

“Against LA Tech, I really liked how the team played and how they were mentally ready,” said McMackin. “But I think they need to be even better than that against San Jose [State]. San Jose is a good football team.” “You can’t take any team lightly,” said Paredes. “San Jose is good. Their offense is better than it was last year, and so is their discipline and execution. Luckily, we’ve had two weeks to prepare and get ready for them.” Hawai‘i (3-2, 1-0 WAC) is currently ranked fi rst in the WAC, and is the only team in the WAC with a winning record overall. However, the Warriors aren’t afraid of playing with a target on their backs. “We love to rise to a challenge,” said Hardy-Tuliau. “We’re ready for anything.”

Page 16 | Ka Leo | Wednesday, Oct. 12 2011 | Marc Arakaki Editor | Joe Ferrer Associate


Rainbow Wahine head back on the road Blake sees first extended playing time M ARC A R AK AKI Sports Editor Volleyball is no longer just “fun” for freshman Elizabeth Blake. The 2011 Kahuku High School graduate appeared in 19 of Hawai‘i’s 40 sets prior to Western Athletic Conference play. However, in five conference matches, Blake appeared in 14 of Hawai‘i’s 17 sets, racking up three aces and 29 digs. “I just try to stay focused more and work on the things I need to work on,” Blake said. “[I] just try to make use of every opportunity I get, because I’m not sure how much I’ll get.” But according to Blake, volleyball is still “def initely” f un. A setter out of high school, Blake has emerged as a well-rounded player, getting the start last weekend at libero. “It was a good experience – had to work out some jitters in the beginning,” Blake said about starting against San Jose State. “But the veterans like Kanani [Danielson] and Brit [Brittany Hewitt] helped me out, so it worked out. “It’s not too much of a big change [from setter to libero]. [I] just had to work on a lot on my serve-receive.” And head coach Dave Shoji felt that Blake did well. “I thought Lizzie [Blake] had a good night,” Shoji said. “She had a couple overpasses, but I think she needs to get more reps and she’s fi ne. She is going to help us at that position.” Along with Blake, freshman middle hit-

ter Kalei Adolpho saw increased playing time, as Shoji moved sophomore middle hitter Emily Hartong out to right side. But bringing newcomers in meant a few veterans spent more time on the bench. “It’s weird for the people that aren’t in anymore,” senior outside hitter Kanani Danielson said.

“You’re congratulating your teammates for fi nally getting that time, but at the same time that means you’re on the bench. But that’s Dave’s [Shoji’s] choice, and it’s also who’s the right pieces on the court. “What needs to happen now is just the mentality of our new players coming in, Kalei and Liz [Blake], who are both freshmen. You want to expect a lot, but you can’t really just because they’re ‘babies.’ As much as I want to say they’re improving really fast

and looking great out there, you also got to step back and realize they still have a lot to improve, and I’m proud of them.”

H I T T H E ROA D No. 8 Hawai‘i (15 -1, 5 -0 WAC) heads to New Mexico State today and Louisiana Tech on Friday for a pair of two WAC road matches. The Aggies are tied for first in the WAC with a 5 -0 record, while the Bulldogs are in last place with a 0 -5 record. The match against NMSU will start at 4 p.m. HST and will be televised live on ESPNU. The match against LA Tech will start at 2 p.m. HST. “Our biggest challenge is going to be New Mexico,” Danielson said. “I’m happy it’s going to be our fi rst one of the road trip – it’s right off the bat. But then we’ve got to hit LA Tech. Hopefully we don’t let anybody think they had a chance at us. “We’ve got to fi nish. We don’t fi nish on the road, and then we put ourselves in that mindset like, ‘oh my gosh, we could lose.’ It shouldn’t ever be like that. It should be thinking positive – thinking that we’re here, we’re gonna kill ‘em, we’re gonna dominate, we’re gonna take care of business.”

Catch the Rainbow Wahine’s next home games Monday, Oct. 17, and Tuesday, Oct. 18 at 7 p.m. against the Notre Dame Fighting Irish.


Freshman Elizabeth Blake was a setter throughout high school, but got the start last week at libero.

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