Page 1

ARTS Page 19

FORUM Ignore cannabis misinformation 12


SPORTS Track team runs at Snowflake Classic 13 The Independent Student Newspaper



B r a n d e is U n i v e r sit y S i n c e 1 9 4 9


Volume LXVI, Number 24

Tuesday, April 1, 2014



Board approves budget increase ■ Students will see a 3.7

percent increase in the overall cost of attendance for the next academic year. By MARISSA DITKOWSKY JUSTICE EDITOR

The Board of Trustees approved the University’s budget for the next fiscal year on Thursday, including a 3.7 percent increase in total undergraduate tuition and fees. “While we know very well that no increases are welcome, this keeps


On Sunday, May 18 at the 63rd commencement ceremonies, Geoffrey Canada, an entrepreneur and social advocate, will deliver an address to the graduating Class of 2014 and receive an honorary degree along with four other recipients. Canada is the president and chief executive officer of the Harlem Children’s Zone, an organization dedicated to assisting the struggling families of Harlem, N.Y. He has been with the organization since 1990 and, in his time there, it has grown from offering a part-time community center to serving more than 10,000 children and 7,400 adults. The organization works to create a safer neighborhood through offering educational, social and medical services and covers more than 100 blocks. U.S. News and World Report named Canada one of “America’s Best Leaders,” and the New York Times Magazine called the organization, “one of the most ambitious social experiments of our time.” Due to Brandeis’ dedication to equality and social justice, University President Frederick Lawrence said in a press release that “[i]t is fitting to honor the work of Geoffrey Canada, whose life work has focused on making this a reality for thousands of children from Harlem’s most challenging neighborhoods.”


Catalyst Fund targets donors one-third of its $100 million goal for December 2016. By MARISSA DITKOWSKY JUSTICE EDITOR

The University has already raised over one-third of its $100 million goal to be reached by December 2016 for the Catalyst Fund, a fundraising initiative that was launched in January in support of primarily need-based


ingF r p S s e dlin

scholarships for undergraduate students and fellowships for graduate students. According to Senior Vice President for Communications Ellen de Graffenreid in an email to the Justice, the Catalyst Fund is a part of the University’s ongoing capital campaign. De Graffenried wrote that the idea to initiate the fund arose from broad discussions led by University President Frederick Lawrence, Senior Vice President of Institutional Advancement Nancy Winship, Chair of the Board of Trustees Perry Traqui-


na ’78 and several other members of the Board. According to information on the Catalyst Fund provided by Director of Development Communications David Nathan in an email to the Justice, the University’s goal is to raise $75 million to reserve for endowment and designate $25 million for current use. According to Nathan, endowment gifts will be invested. However, approximately five or six percent of this will be used each year for student


featuring American Authors, Atmosphere and RJD2 p. 23

See BUDGET, 7 ☛

In addition to Canada, Brandeis will honor four other recipients with honorary degrees at the commencement ceremony in May. J i l l Canada Abramson, executive editor of the New York Times; Ayaan Hirsi Ali, Somaliborn scholar and women’s rights activist; Eric Lander, the founding director and president at the Broad Institute of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Harvard University; and Malcolm L. Sherman, a business leader and philanthropist who served on the Brandeis University Board of Trustees for the past 33 years, six of them as chair, before stepping down last year. Prof. Wendy Cadge (SOC), chair of the Women’s and Gender Studies program, wrote in an email to the Justice that she’s “excited to see such a diverse group of honorary degree recipients representing a range of backgrounds, professions and passions. "WGS remains committed to working with the administration to continue to diversify the individuals awarded these important degrees,” she added. —Hannah Wulkan

African advocate

Smooth swing

Sexuality center

An alumnus reforms society in his home country and beyond.

 The men’s and women’s tennis squads fell in tight matches to nationally ranked Bowdoin College.

 The University included a full-time gender and sexuality position in this year’s budget.

FEATURES 8 For tips or info email

the increase substantially below the level envisioned in the strategic plan; both the Board and the administration are very sensitive to the need to control, insofar as possible, the cost of a Brandeis University education,” reads a statement that Senior Vice President for Communications Ellen de Graffenreid provided to the Justice. Although the fiscal year is not yet complete, de Graffenreid wrote that the University projects the deficit has been reduced to less than $3.5 million. “[I]t is important to note that this is an annual deficit and is very

University chooses 63rd annual commencement ceremony speaker

The inaugural recipient of the Richman Distinguished Fellowship Angela Glover Blackwell spoke on equity in Rapaporte Treasure Hall last Tuesday. For full coverage see News page 4.

■ The University has reached

Waltham, Mass.

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COPYRIGHT 2014 FREE AT BRANDEIS. Email for home delivery.





Senate approves Sustainabilty Pledge The Senate voted to recognize one club, approved a nonbinding paperless campaign pledge and received an update from the Constitutional Review Task Force at its Sunday meeting. The Senate approved the CRTF proposal, allowing the constitutional changes to be sent to students for a vote in the coming weeks. The Senate voted in favor of a nonbinding paperless campaign pledge proposed by Class of 2015 Senator Anna Bessendorf. Bessendorf said the proposal would save about 4,000 sheets of paper, as each candidate is allotted 100 sheets. The pledge stated: “Any candidate who voluntarily adopts the Sustainability Pledge as a component of their platform demonstrates their commitment to reducing the amount of waste the Student Union, and Brandeis University, as an institution committed to social justice, produces.” There was some debate in the Senate about whether the Senate’s vote of approval would improperly bestow a Senate endorsement upon those who take the paperless pledge. Fourteen senators voted in favor of the pledge, one opposed and four abstained. The Senate voted to recognize a chapter of the Jubilee Project, which uses video and social media to increase awareness of social issues, including disaster relief and cancer research. The Senate also passed a Senate Money Resolution for $285 to fund a cultural potluck in the Intercultural Center. In his executive report to the Senate, Student Union President Ricky Rosen ’14 emphasized ’Deis Day, which is scheduled for this Sunday, April 6, and the upcoming Union elections. Rosen said that a committee of International Business School students tasked with finding a solution to the problematic shortage of parking on campus would present its findings to the administration within the next two weeks. The Union is also looking to hire course evaluation guide editors and will be sponsoring vouchers for the Take your Professor to Lunch program. Rosen and Senate Dining Committee Chair and Class of 2017 Senator David Heaton both said that they have met with Senior Vice President for Students and Enrollment Andrew Flagel and Sodexo’s Resident District Manager of Dining Services Jay DeGioia to discuss meal plans.

POLICE LOG Medical Emergency

Mar. 23—University Police received two separate reports of athletes who suffered injuries at the Athletic Fields. BEMCo responded and transported the persons to Newton-Wellesley Hospital for further treatment. The community development coordinator on call was promptly notified. Mar. 23—University Police received notice of a student in Usdan Student Center who reported a lower leg injury. BEMCo responded. While the student struggled to walk, he refused further care. Mar. 25—University Police received notice of a female student at the Charles River Apartments who claimed to have experienced a panic attack. BEMCo responded and treated the student, who refused further care. Mar. 25—A student at Usdan Student Center called University Police to request a psychological evaluation. BEMCo responded and assisted in transport of the student to

Newton-Wellesley Hospital. The CDC on call was promptly notified. Mar. 25—University Police received a call from a nurse who reported that a student in Farber Library experienced great trouble breathing. Officers and BEMCo units responded, and after treatment, the student refused further care. Mar. 29—University Police received a report of an intoxicated female in front of the Charles River Apartments. BEMCo responded and facilitated the transport of the student to NewtonWellesley Hospital for alcohol intoxication. The CDC on call was promptly notified.


Mar. 27—A staff member at the Gosman Sports and Convocation Center reported theft of cash from the administrative office. University Police compiled a report of the incident. Mar. 29—A student in the

Foster Mods reported a stolen iPhone. He tracked the phone off-campus and University Police advised the student to file a report with the Waltham Police Department. Officers at Brandeis also compiled a report of the incident.


Mar. 29—University Police received a report that a bicyclist near Mailman House lost control of her bicycle and struck a parked car. The owner of the car was contacted and BEMCo arrived to treat the cyclist who later refused further care. Officers also compiled a report of the incident.


Mar. 25—University Police received a report of a fire alarm in Deroy Hall. The cause of the alarm was a burning microwave. Waltham Fire Department, a Brandeis electrician and the CDC on call were all promptly notified. No persons suffered injuries and officers compiled a report of the

The following students from the Class of 2014 were elected to Phi Beta Kappa:

ORLANDO, Fla.—A young musician who has been described by prosecutors as the "most enthusiastic" hazing participant in a Florida A&M University drum major’s beating death was sentenced Friday to a year in jail and five years’ probation for manslaughter. Jessie Baskin, 22, pleaded no contest to manslaughter in November. He is one of several FAMU band members who have pleaded to charges in connection with the hazing death of Robert Champion. The 26-year-old drum major was bludgeoned to death Nov. 19, 2011, during a hazing ritual known as “Crossing Bus C,” in which he ran from the front to the back of the percussion bus while being beaten. State Attorney Jeff Ashton described Baskin as “the one person who is most consistently identified as the most enthusiastic participant” in the hazing landing “blows with hands and feet.” The ritual was carried out after the 2011 Florida Classic football game on a band bus that was parked at the Rosen Plaza Hotel in Orlando, where the band was staying during the Classic weekend. Champion’s death rocked FAMU and the university's Marching 100 band. Five other former band members, including Dante Martin, who was regarded as the “Bus C president,” are awaiting trial.

Laili Amighi, Kochava Ayoun, Benjamin N. Barber, David J. Benger, Ariana L. Boltax, Aliza D. Braverman, Daniel Brog, Jenny Cheng, David Meir Clements, Rebecca M. DeHovitz, Katherine Gordon Doody, Katey Duchin, Charlotte Rose Erb, Kara Lynn Faktor, Gabriella E. Feingold, Avital Batsheva Fagen Friedland, Heather G. Friedman, Philip Meyer Berlin Gallagher, Adam P. Gelman, Katharine P. Glanbock, Jack Z. Hait, Shafaq Hasan, Jeffrey Michael Herman, Leah Meryl Igdalsky, Joseph R. Jacobowitz, Chunhui Ji, Anita Lee Kao, Rafi Kohen, Margo Louise Kolenda, Michael S. Kosowsky, Cindy Kui, Sarah Sue Landau, Rebecca Tamara Loewenstein-Harting, Jacob Michael Lurie, Yael B. Marks, Laura Ben Marger Moore, Dillon T. Morris, Kerry Morse, Anthony Huy Nguyen, Ryan James Nicoll, Zoe Fay Oppenheimer, Samuel L. Porter, Isaac Jonathan Rabbani, Richard Dylan Rosen, Julia Rosner, Danielle I. Sackstein, Mara Alyssa Sassoon, Suzannah Lee Scanlon, Jeremy Michael Schmidt, Martha R. Schwarz, James L. Shen, Abigail Michelle Simon, Christopher M. Stanton, Helen Stolyar, Abraham B. Troen, Kyle J. Van Gorkom, Andrea Verdeja Vicente, Naomi L. Volk, Samantha R. Weinerman, Andrew E. Wingens, Qiyu Zhang, Rebecca Lan Zhang.





The Justice is the independent student newspaper of Brandeis University. The Justice is published every Tuesday of the academic year with the exception of examination and vacation periods. Editor in chief office hours are held Mondays from 2 to 3 p.m. in the Justice office. Editor News Forum Features Sports Arts Ads Photos Managing Copy Layout

The Justice Brandeis University Mailstop 214 P.O. Box 549110 Waltham, MA 02454-9110 Phone: (781) 736-3750

—compiled by Adam Rabinowitz

The Brandeis chapter of Phi Beta Kappa elected 62 new members from the Class of 2014. Seven members from the Class of 2015 were also elected. The Brandeis chapter of Phi Beta Kappa elects about 10 percent of the senior class and about one percent of the junior class each year. Selection is based on three criteria: the quality of academic record, breadth of interest and letters of recommendation from faculty and senior administrators.

FAMU band member sentenced

The Justice welcomes submissions for errors that warrant correction or clarification. Email editor@

Mar. 26—University Police were notified of a suspicious male wearing a white jacket and acid-washed jeans in a Village common room. Upon further investigation, it was discovered that the male was a guest of a resident. No further action was taken. Mar. 27—University Police received a report from a student in Deroy Hall who expressed concern about an email requesting assistance with money laundering. Officers discovered it was spam and advised the student to delete future emails like this.

Phi Beta Kappa chapter elects 69 new members


n An article in Sports incorrectly identified a type of bow used as a compound bow. It is, in fact, a composite bow. (March 25, p. 13)




—Andrew Wingens

n An article in News should have identified Margaret Hoffman ’15 as a residential Eco-Rep. In addition, the Eco-Reps did not negotiate the 45-cent discount for using reusable mugs on campus, but rather educated the community on these initiatives. (March 18, p. 5)

incident. Mar. 26—A student reported the appearance of smoke in front of the Shapiro Campus Center. University Police arrived on the scene and reported a possible fire from the trash disposal. Officers extinguished the fire and discovered no damage to University property.

GRACE KWON/the Justice

Student Events hosted an event in Levin Ballroom with Paul Germain, the brain behind Rugrats, Recess and The Simpsons, Monday evening who spoke about the ideas behind his creations.

The following students from the Class of 2015 were elected to Phi Beta Kappa: Isabel S. Ballan, Michael Benjamin Kahn, Jessica Gorman Kramer, Jeffrey M. Lowenstein, Melissa Faith Tannenbaum, Meredith Hope van der Walde, Benjamin Bo Wang.

ANNOUNCEMENTS Five College Speak Back Panel

Brandeis students from the Queer Resource Center, Triskelion and Queer Policy Alliance traveled to Amherst, Mass. to attend the Five College Queer Gender and Sexuality Conference in March, and will share what they took away with the entire Brandeis community. Tomorrow from 3 to 4 p.m. in the Intercultural Center multipurpose room.

The Media: A Serviceman’s View

On Wednesday, April 2, the American Studies department invites you to a very special event. Major General Tony Cucolo of the United States Army War College will be presenting “The Media: A Serviceman’s View.” Cucolo will provide a unique military perspective of the relationship of war and service and the news outlets that provide us with information. Tomorrow from 5 to 6:30 p.m. in the Mandel Center for the Humanities Room G03.

Johnny Cupcakes Lecture Series

Why have thousands of customers from around the world chosen to get the Johnny Cupcakes logos tattooed on themselves? How does Johnny get hundreds of people to camp outside his fake bakeries? Over the past decade, Johnny Cupcakes, founded by speaker Johnny Earle, has grown from a “joke” to a multi-million dollar, highly exclusive t-shirt brand driven by a community of world-wide collectors. Johnny shares his story of how he took his T-shirt brand from the trunk of his rusty car at age 19, with a learning disability, to some of the world’s most sought-after retail locations. During his traveling presentations, Earle pieces together how his success reinforces the power of details, experience and loyalty. Through his inspiring and certainly unpredictable journey, Earle exudes the fundamental connection between the person and the brand. Earle’s presentation provides comprehensive blueprints

for getting any small business, passion or idea off the ground, while also expanding the way existing creators think. Free entrance. Free sweets. Free gifts for everyone. Tomorrow from 8 to 9 p.m. in Hassenfeld Sherman Conference Center.

’Deis Day

Watch some of Brandeis’ best clubs and sports teams featured on golf cart floats and in our walking group in the first ever Brandeis University school spirit parade through campus. Enjoy all the hot dogs, hamburgers and grilled chicken that you can eat (kosher and vegetarian options available), plus Brandeis-themed desserts. Listen to your favorite student performance groups duke it out for the title of number-one musical artist at Brandeis during the battle of the bands. We are bringing a special comedian to campus, and will announce who it is very soon. Sunday from 12 to 6 p.m. on Chapels Field.


approved further progress on the creation of a gender and sexuality center. By Marissa Ditkowsky JUSTICE EDITOR


MAKING REVISIONS: Student Union President Ricky Rosen ’14 and Vice President Charlotte Franco ’15 present their proposal.

Student body will vote on approved proposals to change Union constitution Constitutional Review Task Force proposed a series of constitutional amendments that were approved by the Senate on Sunday. By Andrew Wingens JUSTICE Editor

A revised list of proposed changes to the Student Union Constitution will go to the student body for a vote in the coming weeks, following the constitutional changes that received the signatures of more than 10 senators Sunday night. The revised Constitutional Review Task Force proposal tempers the initial expansion of authority for the Senate over the allocation of funds from the Student Activities fee. It no longer grants the Senate approval power over decisions made by the Finance Board, which will be renamed the Allocations Board. The proposal, however, still places a Senate representative on the ABoard and requires the A-Board to publish its allocation decisions within one week of the distribution of the funds to clubs. As exists in the current constitution, the president holds veto power over the A-Board. After consultation with various groups on campus, Student Union President Ricky Rosen ’14 and Vice President Charlotte Franco ’15— both members of the Constitutional Review Task Force—presented a revised list of proposed changes to the constitution at the Senate meeting on Sunday night. Franco said in her presentation that she hoped the new constitution would bring the “clean start we so desperately need.”


The proposal calls for the Capital Expenditures fund—which is currently reserved for “finance emergencies or capital expenditure projects”—to be renamed the Community Enhancement and Emergency Fund. The CEEF would hold $250,000 as opposed to CapEx’s current $200,000 amount. Of the CEEF, $200,000 would be reserved for allocation for community enhancement projects and $50,000 would be reserved for emergencies. The proposal established a CEEF

Allocations Board

The current Finance Board will be renamed the Allocations Board, according to the proposal. The proposal also requires the A-Board to publish a report of its allocations after the marathon period for inspection by students and the Senate, said Rosen. The original proposal gave the Senate the authority to confirm all A-Board decisions. However, Rosen said that individuals objected to the change, as it would be “adding unnecessary layers of bureaucracy to the process.” The new proposal does not give the Senate approval authority. Kahn said it is an improvement

that the Senate no longer has approval power over the A-board, and that students should trust the elected representatives on the A-board. “It would take a tremendous amount of time for the Senate to go through all of the allocations without really enough prior knowledge of how it works and why certain allocations were allocated,” she said. As stipulated in the original proposal, the Senate will appoint a senator to serve on the A-Board. That senator will go through all the same training as other A-Board members.

Secured Clubs


Plans proceed for new center ■ The administration has

Board, to which students can apply to receive funding for their projects. The CEEF Board would consist of two senators, one executive board member and one A-Board member. In the original constitutional review proposal, distribution of the CEEF funds would fall on the newly minted A-Board (previously FBoard). However, Rosen expressed at the Senate meeting that the additional responsibility would place too much strain on the workload of A-board members: “Their workload is too high for them to take on another responsibility like this,” he said. F-Board Member Aliza Kahn ’15 said the proposal was a positive step because it takes the burden off of A-Board members, but allows for an A-Board perspective with one member on the CEEF board. “I think the CEEF in general is a great idea because it allows individuals who are not necessarily affiliated with a certain club to get their ideas out and get funding,” said Kahn in an interview with the Justice. The proposal to add money to the CEEF for community enhancement projects emerged from the fact that there is often a large amount of Student Activities fee money leftover after the allocation periods end. The SAF creates a pool of about $1.5 million for allocations each year he said. A-Board would be responsible for inputting the CEEF information into Student Union Management System while getting feedback from the other branches of the Union. “It’s more inclusive because you get representative bodies in on that conversation in addition to [the] Finance Board,” said Rosen.


student life


■ The Student Union

Under the new proposal, funding for secured clubs would be set within a certain range of funds for each secured club. The range was determined using current club funding as a benchmark. For example, Student Events can receive between $200,000 and $250,000, according to the proposed change. WBRS can receive between $55,000 and $65,000. The original constitutional review proposal had set allocations for each secured club in a percentage range. For example, Student Events would have received 12 to 15 percent of the SAF. The percentage option was disavowed because it would mean increasing funding for each club each year. The SAF amount is currently equal to one percent of tuition, so setting club funding as a percent of a percent would mean that funding will increase as long as tuition increases. Other minor changes to the constitution include mandatory intraUnion meetings, a reduction in the document’s word count, removing the petitions section and moving the definitions of clubs from the Senate bylaws to the constitution. More than the required 10 senators signed on to constitutional changes, allowing them to be put to a vote before the student body. The date for the vote is April 7, according to a campus-wide email from Union Secretary Sneha Walia ’15 sent on March 31. The Constitutional Review Task Force—composed of Rosen, Franco, Chief of Staff David Clements ’14, Class of 2014 Senator Andre Tran, North Quad Senator Brian Hough ’17 and former senator Ben Beutel ’12, an alumnus—was formed to address changes that need to be made to the constitution last fall.

The University is moving forward with a proposal to create a full-time staff position and center in the interest of gender and sexuality. According to Senior Vice President of Students and Enrollment Andrew Flagel at a March 20 roundtable discussion, the University is looking for a space for the center in the Usdan Student Center. According to Flagel in an email to the Justice, “the LGBTQIA position and Gender and Sexuality Center that students requested through a campus-wide vote was my top priority in this year’s budget.” Flagel wrote that the budget that the Board of Trustees approved last week includes the funding for this full-time position. He added that, with the approval of the budget, he will ask Dean of Students Jamele Adams to begin working with our community to “craft the specifics of the position and center.” In regard to whether the position will be a director or coordinator position, Flagel wrote that “[d]ecisions about the nature of the position will be made collaboratively with our community members, and timelines will follow those decisions.” The initial proposal for the center and full-time position was put forth by Alex Thomson ’15, junior representative to the Board of Trustees. The task force that created the proposal also included Margaret Bouchard ’14 of the Queer Resource Center, Molly Gimbel ’16, representing Triskelion, Michael Pizziferri ’15 of the Queer Policy Alliance and Sara Brande ’15 from TransBrandeis, according to an Oct. 15, 2013 Justice article. The Senate voted unanimously in support of the proposal in October. After receiving the Senate’s statement of support, the administration was left to incorporate and implement the proposal for the center, which would provide support for the lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and queer communities by way of education and outreach programming, as well as a full-time directorial position for the center. According to the Oct. 15 article, Thomson estimated the cost for this project would fall between $85,000

to $90,000 annually, an amount to be taken from the department of Students and Enrollment’s budget. As it stood, the plan would allocate $30,000 annually for the center and $55,000 to $60,000, which was described as a “competitive salary,” for the director of the center, according to Thomson. According to Thomson in an interview with the Justice, he purposely brought the idea up to the Board in October, about six months before they were to finalize the budget, in order for it to be incorporated in the budget for the following fiscal year. “The way it was discussed in October was [under] the impression that it was moving forward. I mean, that was certainly the way it was presented to the board,” said Senior Representative to the Board of Trustees Jack Hait ’14 in an interview with Justice. Although Thomson said that he has been involved in the process since the beginning, he said that, other than the fact that the position’s existence has been officially announced to the Provost Diversity Committee and that the University is looking for a space for the center, he is not aware of the current status of the project. “That is as much as I know as of now, honestly,” said Thomson. “I’m unaware of if there will be space this year or a center this year. I’m just aware of the official announcement for the fulltime position.” According to Hait, neither the position nor the center was discussed at the March Board meeting. Thomson said that the proposal was written before Jessica Pedrick filled the position for part-time sexuality and gender diversity coordinator at the Intercultural Center, according to the Oct. 15 article. Pedrick filled the position after it was vacated by Jessamine Beal at the end of the last academic year. However, he said that “we envision that, from our interactions with her, she’s very great, already a great resource, so we would envision her taking on the full-time role.” In response to questions about whether or not Pedrick would be considered for the position or how her current position would relate to the center, Flagel returned to his initial statement, holding that “decisions about the nature of the position will be made collaboratively with our community members.” Adams did not respond to requests for comment regarding how he plans to accomplish this task and how he sees his role in establishing the center and the position by press time.

Foster Mods and Ziv Quad will undergo summer renovations The University will begin renovations to Ziv Quad buildings 129 and 130 and all of the Foster Mods this summer, said Casey Russo, the assistant project manager for Facilities Services, in an interview with the Justice. The budget for the Mods renovation is two million dollars, and the budget for the Ziv renovations is $800,000, according to Russo. The funding will come out of the University’s capital fund. “Right now we’re just trying to understand what that amount gets us,” said Russo. The exact nature of the renovations will depend in part on the cost of bids received by the University. Administrators are pricing a range of options to see which they can afford. In the two Ziv buildings, the plan is to renovate the bathrooms and install new carpet, window shades and furniture. The Ziv renovations

are “more of a repair project that the University wants [in order] to get some more life out of those buildings,” said Russo. The Mods will undergo more extensive renovations to make them “feel really refreshed,” said Russo. The University is pricing a list of items that includes new roofs, windows, shades, siding and bricks on the exterior. Inside the Mods, fixes may include drywall repair, new carpet and new furniture. Bids are due back in the next few weeks, and work will begin over the summer. Only two of the four Ziv buildings will undergo renovations because of funding constraints and prior agreements with summer camps, which may house campers there during the renovation period said Russo. —Andrew Wingens


TUESDAY, april 1, 2014




MSA handles vandalism with more security ■ The University will install

security cameras in response to a recent theft that occurred outside of the Muslim Student Association Suite in the Usdan Student Center. By ZACHARY REID JUSTICE SENIOR WRITER

This week, the University is expected to install a security camera outside of the Muslim Students Association Suite in the Usdan Student Center in response to a recent incident of vandalism, during which a thief cut out and took a portion of a sign outside the suite. The sign bore the words “Enter here in peace and security” in Arabic. In response to the vandalism, the University has chosen to install the camera in the hallway outside of the MSA suite. In an interview with the Justice, Imam Talal Eid, the Muslim chaplain, said that when he presented the idea to the administration he received a very positive response. “I communicated with the Dean of Students [Jamele Adams], who communicated with the Chief of Police [Ed Callahan], and they agreed that this was a good solution.” When asked about when the camera would be installed, Eid said that he hoped it would go up within the week. “It is a very high priority,” he said. He also praised the University’s supportive response, saying he is “very proud of the administration.” He mentioned that both University President Frederick Lawrence and Adams have been very attentive to the Muslim community, and expressed his gratitude for this. Muslim students “must be taken care of and feel comfortable at the University,” he said. “I want every student to be free to come and pray, meditate or study in a peaceful atmosphere.” According to MSA Co-President Alina Cheema ’15, it was Eid who first noticed that the words on the sign were missing. In an interview with the Justice, she said that the perpetrator used tools to remove the glass covering the sign and cut the words out with a sharp blade. “Once we realized that none of the MSA members or graduate stu-

dents knew what had happened, we asked Eid to speak with Jamele Adams and claim it as vandalism,” said Cheema. “This was very hurtful to our community … and we couldn’t understand why someone would want to do this.” The sign was a gift to the MSA from a former graduate student, according to Cheema. In an interview with the Justice, she said that the student, who had a background in calligraphy, had created the sign for the MSA during his time here at Brandeis. When describing the event, the imam told the Justice that the perpetrator “need[s] to be educated about the nature of life” and the necessity to understand that with the Muslim community, one cannot judge the entire community “by the acts of a bad Muslim who is abusing the religion.” The vandalism has left some students outraged and uncomfortable. Student Union Vice President Charlotte Franco ’15 said in an interview with the Justice that she was “very disappointed that this behavior happened on the Brandeis campus.” She also told the Justice that she found it “very disheartening” that the University’s focus on social justice is “not [being] carried out in every community.” Franco also expressed discomfort with the response from the student community. “You would think that, on this campus, there would be a rally in solidarity with this group. It’s disappointing that this event has flown under the radar for a lot of people.” The MSA Suite has also been vandalized in the past. On March 5, 2010, the suite was ransacked, with the perpetrators “unplugging electronics, bending silverware as they attempted to use it to open a sealed door and stealing the Imam Eid’s Quran containing two years of notes and sermons,” according to a March 16, 2010 Justice article. “This suite was targeted twice so far, in a period of two years,” said Eid. “I don’t think we need to wait for a third time.” Following on the heels of this event, this week is Islam Awareness Week, a week-long event put on by the MSA to “promote education about Islam and Muslim students at the University,” according to Cheema.


Profs. Chandler Rosenberger (IGS), David Engerman (HIST) and Steven Burg (POL) discussed the recent crisis in Crimea last Thursday. For full coverage of the event, see News page 6.


Blackwell addresses equity ■ The Richman Distinguished

Fellow spoke in the Rapaporte Treasure Hall last Tuesday. By Jaime Kaiser JUSTICE Editor

Last Tuesday, Angela Glover Blackwell was honored as the inaugural recipient of the Richman Distinguished Fellow in Public Life. Blackwell has more than 30 years of experience in public service and equitable policymaking, including her role as chief executive officer and founder of PolicyLink, a research and action organization for economic equity. The title of Blackwell’s lecture “AllIn for an America That Works for All” is derived from All-In Nation: for an America That Works for All, the recent collaborative effort of PolicyLink and the Center for American Progress which presents an argument in favor of empowering African-American communities for the benefit of the nation as a whole. Daniel Terris director of the International Center for Ethics, Justice and Public Life, and Lisa Lynch, the dean of the Heller School of Social Policy and Management, formally presented Blackwell with the Richman Fellowship certificate at the event. In her lecture, Blackwell spoke about improving access and economic opportunity for low-income citizens, emphasizing solutions that empower minority communities in particular around issues like housing, employment and access to education. Terris said in his introductory remarks that the Richman fellowship was created to honor individuals active in public life who have made “significant contributions to American society, advanced social justice objectives or increased opportunities for all citizen to realize and share in the


promise of the United States.” The $25,000 fellowship was originally proposed by Carol Richman Saivetz ’69 in honor of her parents Rita and Fred Richman, both of whom have been active members of the Brandeis community since the 1970s. Blackwell’s lecture was the culmination of a two-day visit to the University, during which she met with students, faculty and the extended community and participated in a panel discussion on regional economic equity efforts in Boston. Prior to the lecture, Lynch provided a short introduction about Blackwell’s life and her accomplishments, stating that Blackwell “truly exemplifies all the many dimensions of the Richman fellowship.” In her lecture, Blackwell cited “stalled economic mobility, a shrinking middle class and an economy too based on low wage work” as indicators that the American economy has not recovered from the “Great Recession” of 2009. One of the biggest policy blunders of the United States, according to Blackwell, is its failure to “invest in the future.” Blackwell explained that the rapidly shifting demographics of the nation to people of color has not been met with an equally swift effort to create opportunities for their economic mobility. “The very people that we need to be preparing for the future are the very people being left behind,” said Blackwell. Commenting on the way some seem to “pit social security against early childhood education” and imagine other such tradeoffs as necessary, Blackwell stated that “we are not a poor country and we need to stop acting like one. We have the ability to do it all.” Blackwell highlighted three major solutions to the issues of income inequality and future growth. “We need to grow good jobs, build capabilities,

erase barriers and expand opportunities,” she said. Blackwell explained that despite decreasing poverty levels, the wealth gap has remained static. She expressed strong disagreement with the belief held by some economists that inequality stimulates growth. “Equity is the superior growth model,” she said. Following the lecture, Prof. Dolores Acevedo Garcia (Heller) of the Institute for Child, Youth and Family Policy moderated a question-and-answer session with the audience. In response to a question posed by Naomi Volk ’14, who attended the event, about how to change the conversation surrounding the issues at hand, Blackwell cited journalists as one group that plays a pivotal role in shaping the national conversation. In response to an attendee’s question about ecological destruction associated with economic growth, Blackwell said that “for people concerned with climate change and the environment, it is people of color and low-income who suffer the most and suffer first,” and cited the environmental agenda and the equality agenda as a “common cause.” The event was hosted by the International Center for Ethics, Justice and Public Life on behalf of the Office of the President. Blackwell holds a Bachelor of Arts in sociology and a law degree from University of California, Berkeley. In addition to founding PolicyLink in 1999, Blackwell serves on President Barack Obama’s advisory council on faith-based and neighborhood partnerships and was recently appointed to his advisory commission on education excellence for African-Americans, whose stated goal is to “improve student achievement, and developing a national network that shares these best practices,” according to the initiative’s website.


Students receive grant to initiate dialogue at Al-Quds ■ Eli Phillip ’15 and Catie

Stewart ’16 received the Davis Project for Peace grant for their project proposal titled “Al-Quds University Student Dialogue Initiative.” By GLEN CHAGI CHESIR JUSTICE EDITOR

This past week yet another development occurred in the suspended relationship between Brandeis and AlQuds University as a Davis Project for Peace grant was awarded to Eli Phillip ’15 and Catie Stewart ’16 for their project proposal entitled “Al-Quds University Student Dialogue Initiative.” According to the written proposal, “[t]he project will create a framework for long-term student dialogue between Brandeis University and Al-Quds University.” This project has also been deemed consistent with University policy by the administration, despite the current suspension from this past

November. The Projects for Peace program, now in its eighth year, began when benefactor Kathryn W. Davis committed one million dollars on her 100th birthday for 100 peace projects. Each project, according to the Davis website, provides an opportunity for undergraduate students from any member school to design a grassroots peace-building project to be implemented over the summer. Each chosen project receives a $10,000 grant. According to Prof. Gordon Fellman (SOC), who is the campus liaison for the program, in an interview with the Justice, “Brandeis used to get one [grant award] a year but three out of the past five or six years we’ve managed to get two awards.” In a Skype interview with the Justice, Phillip, who is currently studying abroad in Morocco, expressed his excitement about receiving the grant. “The ability to interact with Palestinians and Palestinian students would be very informative, very interesting and very positive for both campuses,” said Philip. According to Phillip, the crux of the

program will be “an intensive five-day program, where Brandeis students will be based in Jerusalem with the bulk of the sessions actually taking place at Al-Quds University, with different sessions working with Al Quds students.” Phillip said that the grant money “would primarily be used toward logistical transportation, housing, sessions and other costs.” In an interview with the Justice, Stewart said that the inception of the idea behind this project occurred even before the formal suspension of the relationship between the two schools in November. According to Stewart, both she and Phillip “had never even heard about Al-Quds and the partnership with Brandeis. ... As soon as we saw it existed we did some research and saw that at one point there had been student exchanges.” Once the institutional relationship was suspended, they realized they would have to acquire funding from an outside source, like the Davis grant, in order to bring their idea to fruition. According to the Davis Project for Peace page on Brandeis’ website,

“undergraduate students at any of the Davis [United World College] Scholar schools (including seniors who would complete their projects after graduation) are eligible—so long as the president of their institution has signed and returned the grant agreement form.” Senior Vice President for Communications Ellen de Graffenreid wrote in the email to the Justice that, after reviewing the matter with University President Frederick Lawrence, this peace project “is consistent with Brandeis University’s principles of academic freedom and open dialogue on challenging issues.” De Graffenreid added that “[t]his project is consistent with Brandeis’ policy of keeping the lines of communications between faculty and students at Brandeis and Al-Quds.” However, de Graffenreid did specify that “President Lawrence’s role is to agree to the terms of the grant from the Davis Foundation, but he did not sign off on the proposal, nor would he expect to do so—these projects are evaluated independently through a process established by the Peace, Conflict and

Coexistence Studies Program.” Fellman echoed this same sentiment in an email to the Justice. “[T]he president’s office is not involved in this process. The PAX committee that assesses Davis applications makes the final decisions, and I, as chair of PAX and that committee, send them on to the Davis folks.” In regard to what Stewart and Phillip would like to see after the conclusion of the summer program, Stewart said that “[o]ne of the things we thought about but obviously didn’t have the money for is the idea to bring Al-Quds students to Brandeis. That would be really crucial for us following through on this.” Stewart also emphasized AlQuds’ willingness to participate in a student relationship with Brandeis; “Although there was some hurt when the partnership was suspended, there is definitely a desire to work with Brandeis.” Stewart added, “I think the partnership was really beneficial to the Al-Quds campus, and they realized that. There is a real opportunity to empower the moderate students, and I believe this would be the opportunity for that.”



a survey to gauge the effects of gender and race on pursuing science courses. By SARA DEJENE AND PHIL GALLAGHER JUSTICE EDITORS

The results of a survey administered by the Justice to students in a large University Chemistry course over the past month indicated that women in the sample appeared to perceive their class performance in a poorer light than men did. Over half of men who responded estimated their current grade to be at an A+, A or A-, compared to 36 percent of women, while a larger percentage of women estimated their grade to be in the B+ to B- range than men. As of press time, 80 students had completed the survey. The respondents received the survey in an email from their professor. Out of those, 58 respondents identified as female, making up 62 percent of the sample. The remaining 35 respondents were male. Only four respondents identified as black or African-American, 33 as Asian or Asian-American, three as two or more races, 42 as white and three identified ethnically as Hispanic or Latino/a, making it difficult to draw conclusions about differences in confidence among racial groups.

Confidence: Gender and Race

A University event organized by the Women in Science Initiative during the fall 2013 semester drew attention to a newly-emerging phenomenon known as “imposter syndrome,” in which students feel insecure and incompetent in their academic abilities despite often being quite successful and capable in their field of study. As the panel specifically focused on an imposter syndrome for women in the sciences, the Justice surveyed students in an undergraduate Chemistry lecture to determine how confident students were about their ability to succeed in a science course, particularly looking at historically underrepresented groups in the sciences: female students and students of color. The survey administered by the Justice inquired what grade the participants received in their previous semester of Chemistry. Those results did not point to any difference in competency in the subject between men and women, although women in the sample did appear to earn slightly lower grades than men. Nearly three-fourths of men in the sample reported that they did not at all feel less academically capable than their peers, compared to slightly under 50 percent of women. Additionally, a much smaller percentage of women than men in the sample indicated that they believed they were definitely smart enough to succeed in this course. Despite these results, women in the sample did not appear to be any less enthusiastic than men about continuing in the sciences. According to the survey results, women were actually slightly more likely than men to enroll in further science and math courses, major in a science, technology, engineering or mathematics field and write a thesis for that major, suggesting that they are committed to studying science despite current feelings of insecurity. As for race, given the very low number of respondents who identified as people of color, differences among racial groups were more difficult to interpret. However, in an interview with the Justice, Afzal Ullah ’14, a science Posse scholar majoring in Biology and Psychology, said that while he feels that he is




Gender impacts confidence in academic ability ■ The Justice administered

as capable as his classmates, he felt inadequately prepared academically entering college. Ullah, who identifies racially as Bengali, noted that many students from economically disadvantaged backgrounds, who are often students of color, face a gap compared to their wealthier, often white, classmates—which can impact their performance and confidence.

A professor’s perspective

Three professors who sat for interviews with the Justice expressed differing views about the current issues that women face in science. Prof. Judith Herzfeld (CHEM), the only female full professor in the Chemistry department, expressed a belief that women today are equally active in science as men. “There are plenty of women who are energetically engaging in the classroom, so I don’t see that problem,” Herzfeld said in an interview with the Justice. ““In chemistry, the women are doing great straight through to the Ph.D. in proportionate numbers, and that’s very different from the way it used to be,” she added. Prof. Eve Marder ’69 (BIOL), the head of the University’s Division of Science, said that in the classes she teaches now, she sees overconfidence and lack of confidence in both men and women, though men, she noted, are somewhat more likely to raise hands to answer questions in class, regardless of whether or not their answers are correct. Prof. Ruth Charney ’72 (MATH), the University’s first tenured mathematics professor and the current president of the Association for Women in Mathematics, acknowledged that female students may feel like “imposters” but should remember that their mentors had similar experiences. “We all felt that way, but look, we kept going and we were successful and we felt just like you do,” said Charney in an interview with the Justice. “So don’t let that—don’t just be scared away. Don’t just assume just because you’re unsure of yourself, because somebody else seems better than you, that you’re no good. That’s the wrong conclusion.” Charney and Herzfeld both emphasized that they got through graduate school because they simply weren’t very concerned with what others thought of them. Charney recalled that any gender discrimination that was present “went over our heads. We didn’t see any of it and that’s probably why we were successful. I’m not saying it wasn’t there. We were blind. We were doing what we wanted to do.” Similarly, Herzfeld noted that she “tended not to compare myself with other people very much.”

Faculty: Then and Now

When Marder eventually returned to the University in 1978 as a faculty member, she was the fifth woman to join the Biology department faculty, which was unusual at the time. “Most of my peers were being hired into department as the first [woman],” she said. Today, Marder said there is relatively little trouble recruiting women for positions in the department. Charney, who returned to the University in 2003 after many years at Ohio State University, explained that the Math department has few opportunities to diversify its faculty. “We don’t hire very often—we’re a small department. Then there was the financial crash, you know, we haven’t done much hiring in the last few years. When we have, we always have female candidates,” she said. Charney

See SCIENCE, 7 ☛


FOUNDATION FELLOWS: Jay Ruderman ’88 (right) posed with the Ruderman Fellows and Prof. Susan Parish (Heller) on Thursday.

Ruderman Foundation announces 2014 fellows ■ Ruth Zeilicovich ’14 and

Danielle Sackstein ’14 were named Ruderman Social Justice in Disability Scholars. By RACHEL HUGHES JUSTICE EDITOR

After many months of negotiations with the Ruderman Family Foundation, the University will accept a monetary award from the foundation in order to further work in disability policy at Brandeis. Jay Ruderman ’88, an alumnus who heads his family’s foundation, visited campus on Thursday to meet with Prof. Susan Parish (Heller) and two students whose work the award will benefit. Acting Director of the Corporate Foundational Relations Office in the Office of Development Richard Levitt introduced Parish and the students who were awarded the fellowship this year, Ruth Zeilicovich ’14 and Danielle Sackstein ’14, to Ruderman at a morning meeting, which was followed by a luncheon with Sharon Ruderman, a trustee of the foundation, and Elizabeth Zwick, the administrator of the foundation. “After many, many months of negotiations with the Ruderman Family Foundation… they made a very generous award of $450,000 over four years to support, in large part, the work of Dr. Parish, primarily to cultivate among undergraduates a deeper understanding, appreciation and engagement with disability policy,” said Levitt at the morning meeting. Ruderman, who graduated with ma-

jors in Politics and African and AfroAmerican Studies, served as Student Union president during the 1987 to 1988 academic year. “Now I run the family foundation, which is based … in Newton[, Mass.] and also in Israel,” he said at the meeting. “Our focus is the inclusion of people with disabilities in the Jewish community, globally.” Parish commented on her excitement at the University’s reception of the award, detailing that the money will be used to fund scholarships as well as a research assistantship in disability policy for the students chosen. In addition to new courses being developed in disability at the Heller School for Social Policy and Management, the award will provide support for stipends for students to intern with community organizations that work in the field of disability policy, she said. “To the best of our knowledge, it’s the only program of its kind for undergrad[uates] in the United States. We’re really excited to have this. Brandeis has a really long history of distinguished leadership in disability,” said Parish. Ruderman and Parish met a couple years ago, said Ruderman, and he was impressed with her work and national impact. “That led to a number of discussions, and one of the needs that we spoke about was to develop a cadre of students that would pursue this area and make a career based on the inclusion of people with disabilities,” he said. Parish has been working with Zeilicovich and Sackstein to complete an intervention program for caregivers to women with intellectual disabilities, an effort that is in line with the Ruder-

man Family Foundation’s values, she expressed. After their introduction, Ruderman asked the students about the details of their project. Sackstein began, telling Ruderman that what they are focused on is “an intervention to educate and empower caregivers to women with disabilities.” The two have been developing an interactive online tool, complete with articles as well as dialogue, video and audio components, to make caregivers “feel like they are empowered, informed and capable of advocating for the needs of women with disabilities, and in particular, for the women that they represent,” said Sackstein. “The project is part of Dr. Parish’s Women Be Healthy research campaign. It’s research for women with intellectual disability,” Zeilicovich continued, noting that, often times, doctors neglect to offer preventative screenings to women with disabilities. Parish added that a study she conducted in the past year with a sampling of female patients from North Carolina corroborated this claim. Zeilicovich said that the intervention program they are developing aims to “increase awareness of cervical and breast cancer and how preventable it is now, and to educate these women about the cancers and how to prevent them through screenings, [as well as] how to educate them to advocate for themselves.” Ruderman remains optimistic about the relationship between the foundation and Brandeis. He told Zeilicovich and Sackstein, “I think substance is investing in scholarship … the sky is the limit in where you guys go, and the impact that you guys can have in society.”


Nusseibeh steps down as president ■ The president of Al-

Quds’ retirement has been planned for quite some time, according to Daniel Terris. By PHIL GALLAGHER JUSTICE EDITOR

Al-Quds University, a university in East Jerusalem with which Brandeis has a suspended academic partnership, experienced two significant events in the past week. Last Wednesday, Sari Nusseibeh, the president of Al-Quds, announced his retirement from the university presidency. The previous Sunday, a large group of students staged a pro-Hamas rally on the Al-Quds campus. The rally, according to a March 27 article from the Jewish Telegraphic Agency, lasted almost two hours and involved students wear-

ing black ski masks and carrying replicas of rockets. Nusseibeh announced his retirement that Wednesday, a decision that “has been planned for a long time,” said Daniel Terris, the director of Brandeis’ International Center for Ethics, Justice and Public Life, in an interview with the Justice. Imad Abu Kishek, who is currently Al-Quds’ executive vice president, will succeed Nusseibeh and serve as the acting president in the coming academic year. Nusseibeh will continue to serve on the faculty of Al-Quds. Profs. Susan Lanser (ENG) and Daniel Kryder (POL), who traveled to Al-Quds in November with Terris to investigate and understand an earlier student demonstration, similarly wrote in an email to the Justice that there was no connection between the timing of the proHamas rally and Nusseibeh’s re-

tirement. “It has been in the works for months, and the timing was tied to a [B]oard of [T]rustees meeting which had to approve the transition to an acting president,” she wrote. Lanser also wrote that she knew Abu Kishek, the incoming acting president of Al-Quds, quite well. “Indeed, he spent two years at Brandeis studying university administration; he knows us well and we know him well,” Lanser noted. Senior Vice President for Communications Ellen de Graffenreid wrote in an email to the Justice that the partnership between the two schools remains suspended. “There are ongoing conversations between faculty members at both institutions regarding the future of this partnership and we are seeking further information on recent events,” she wrote. “However, we will not respond to specific issues in the public media,” she added.


TUESDAY, april 1, 2014


Campus speaker

Professors hold event on politics of Crimea ■ The panelists said that

Ukraine moving closer to the Western world concerned Russia, and Ukraine will not regain Crimea now that it has been lost to Russia. By Kathryn Brody JUSTICE Editorial assistant

The Politics and History departments, the Center for German and European Studies, the Russian Studies program and the International and Global Studies program co-hosted an event titled “Crimea and Beyond: Russia and Its Neighbors” on Thursday. During the event, a panel consisting of Profs. Steven Burg (POL), David Engerman (HIST) and Chandler Rosenberger (IGS). The panel discussed the recent international crisis in Ukraine and the referendum held in Crimea on whether the peninsula would remain part of Ukraine or become integrated into the Russian Federation as a federal subject. The panel was held in order to create a discussion on campus about how to look at this ongoing series of geopolitical events. The peninsula is in a strategic place historically, by the mouth of the Dnieper River, a major waterway that ultimately connects the Black Sea and the Baltic, going through Europe. Crimea was in the possession of Russia until 1954 when Nikita Khrushchev, the first secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, gave the peninsula to Ukraine. There was no official statement at the time as to why the Soviet Union transferred Crimea to Ukraine. As of late, Crimea has been the center of international attention. In November 2013, former President of Ukraine Viktor Yanukovych rejected an association agreement that was to be signed with the European Union. This led many Ukrainians to take to the streets of Kiev in protest, resulting in Yanukovych fleeing the country on Feb. 22. On March 16, the citizens of Crimea voted to join Russia with an overwhelming 96.8 percent in favor. However, Andrey Illarionov, Russian President Vladimir Putin’s former senior economic adviser, stated that the results were falsified and that the referendum had a turnout of only 34.2 percent of

the population of Crimea instead of the 83.1 percent turnout that Putin claimed. When the United Nations Security Council voted on a resolution that would declare the referendum invalid, 13 members voted in favor of the resolution. China abstained but Russia exercised its right to veto, causing the resolution to fail. Engerman started off the discussion by pointing out that the act of Ukraine moving closer to Western Europe was a “cause of legitimate concern on the part of Russia.” Ukraine, prior to the revolution, had a complicated, but not entirely negative, relationship with Russia according to Engerman and Burg. For instance, as Burg later brought up, Russia has gone out of its way to give Ukraine a rather large discount on oil and gas from Russian companies. Continuing, Engerman said that the crisis in Crimea should be partially attributed to the “inability of U.S. policy makers” to acknowledge the fact that Russia is not conforming to Western powers by seeing democracy as a sign of progress. Russia, he went on, is a powerful country in international politics, but this does not necessarily mean the Russian government would see democratization in a positive light. The Cold War was a largely ideological war between communism and the Soviet Union ,and democracy and the United States. Engerman said that the assumption of Western Powers revealed a certain “blindness” to how Russia might interpret the European Union moving into a Russian-friendly state. Engerman acknowledged that the crisis that occurred in Crimea concerns not only Crimea and Ukraine, but all former members of the Soviet Union. In his speech on March 18, Putin focused on how the temporary Ukrainian government removed Russian from the country’s official languages, using statements such as “the Russian nation,” was the largest “ethnic group ... to be divided by borders” and saying that it was in an attempt to gain sympathy from the rest of the world. Engerman said that Putin’s push for a Russian ethnic identity in his speech is making countries with large populations of Russians including Kazakhstan, Latvia and Estonia nervous, especially since Russia seems to be pushing for the ability to go into a country based on a Russian population. Engerman alluded to the infamous precedent of

one nation invading another with the claim of protecting ethnicity, for example when Nazi Germany invaded Czechoslovakia. Burg began by noting that “Crimea is most certainly now lost,” and there is no real way to return the peninsula to Ukraine. Furthermore, Burg said that now the real danger of the Crimean crisis is from possible clashes between “Ukrainian nationalists and neofascists and the opposing Moscow backed pro-Russian volunteers.” If violence escalates, Burg said, there are risks of a “serious global economic crisis,” especially concerning Russian oil in the stock market, but also, in the long run, Russia would face economic collapse. Going on, Burg noted that until a few weeks ago, Ukraine “wasn’t worth a 15 billion dollar loan” from the EU, the denial of which, in his analysis, jump started the crisis in Ukraine. So, in his opinion, the “best achievable deal” currently would be to make Ukraine neutral in a state of “non-NATOness.” This refers to the fact that Ukraine became a candidate for membership in the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, an alliance with roots in the Cold War, and designed to contain the Soviet Union, in 2008. By denying Ukraine membership in NATO as well as in the EU, Burg argued that there will be less likelihood of a real clash between Russia and the West. Rosenberger argued against doing nothing about the situation between Russia and Ukraine. He cited a poll published in October 2013 by the Gesellschaft für Konsumforschung Group, a market research institute. The poll asked how Ukranians felt about Ukraine signing the EU-Ukraine Association Agreement, an agreement that would commit the Ukraine to economic, judicial and financial reforms in exchange for access to financial and political support from the EU. This pact would hopefully allow for Ukraine to at some point become an EU member, 45 percent of the Ukrainian respondents replied affirmative to seeing the agreement take place. According to the will of the sovereign people of Ukraine, Rosenberger said, Ukraine should have been part of the EU. In his opinion, Russia’s invasion in Crimea proved to not only be a case of bullying a smaller nation but also a case of invading a sovereign country.


Film highlights Brazilian “pickers” ■ Three academic

departments collaborated to show a film that depicted the exploitation of Brazilian migrant workers at landfills. By Zachary Reid JUSTICE sENIOR WRITER

A team of undergraduate department representatives screened the film Waste Land, a film about the largest landfill in the world, Jardim Gramacho and the people who worked there on Thursday evening. The event was attended by students as well as Prof. Moises Lino e Silva (IGS). The film, which first premiered in 2010, follows the story of Vik Muniz, a Brazilian artist who travels to Jardim Gramacho to produce pieces of art about the people who work in the landfill, colloquially known as “pickers.” These “pickers” sift through the trash brought to the landfill to find recyclable materials, which are then sold to specialized companies in the recycling industry. After assessing the situation of

the pickers, Muniz worked with the Association of Garbage Pickers at Jardim Gramacho to choose a handful of pickers to be his models, and took their photographs. He then constructed renditions of their portraits with material from the landfill with the assistance of pickers—a process that took over a year. After his works were finished, Muniz donated the over $250,000 that the pieces earned at auction to the association, which was able to open a learning center for its members. The film’s conclusion also included the news that Jardim Gramacho was going to be closed in 2012 and that the association had spent its last days focused on helping pickers find new places of employment. One of the main issues the film tried to convey was the conditions in which that the pickers lived. Their village lay on the outskirts of the landfill, bordering on favelas, or Brazilian slums run by drug lords, and massive piles of garbage. \ The workers were also largely uneducated and earned roughly 56 Brazilian real (equivalent to $25) per day, a wage that placed them

solidly in the lower class of Brazil. According to Lino e Silva, this situation is not uncommon in what is considered to be a burgeoning Brazilian economy. “These people are lower middle class, but they are not the worst off,” he said. He further explained that many in Brazil’s lower classes are forced to turn to drug lords for employment, an endeavor that present a host of complications that include arrest and prosecution. Following the event, Environmental Studies UDR Esther Mann ’15 said in an interview with the Justice that she felt the film was important to see because it was a “[combination] of many areas of study at Brandeis” and helped to show how “many of [the programs of study] here at Brandeis are all intertwined.” The screening was co-sponsored by the Latin American and Latino Studies program, the Environmental Studies program and the Fine Arts department, all of which had a different areas of specific interest in the film: for Environmental Studies, the landfill itself; for LALS, the location in Brazil and for FA, Muniz’s work.


GRACE KWON/the Justice

ADDRESSING STEREOTYPES: Claudia A. Fox Tree speaks on Native American culture.

Speaker confronts traditional biases

■ Claudia A. Fox Tree

discussed the negative impact of Native American stereotypes with students. By Hannah wulkan JUSTICE editorial assistant

This past Wednesday, the FirstYear Leadership in Health and Medicine Leader Scholar Community hosted an event called “Eliminating Stereotypes: Native American Culture and Medicine Through a New Lens.” It examined Native American history, contributions and myths through a presentation by Claudia A. Fox Tree, a speaker and workshop presenter for the Massachusetts Center for Native American Awareness. The event was co-sponsored by the International Center for Ethics, Justice and Public Life, the Brandeis Pluralism Alliance and Brandeis AHORA! Fox Tree began the event with a song, inviting the 30 or so audience members in attendance to participate in a traditional song and giving everyone rattles to use along with her drum. “We are an oral tradition culture,” she said, explaining why singing is so important to Native American culture. “We pass on things by talking about it, pass along the stories.” She then began by clarifying exactly who Native Americans are as “indigenous people of the Western hemisphere before 1492.” She said that providing this definition was important because defining who the people are makes them more than simply stereotypes in people’s minds. After she made this distinction clear, Fox Tree began to speak about the contributions that Native Americans have made to modern life. When speaking of a group of people for which oppression is a big part of their story, she said that “it’s really important to know what wonderful things that group did.” She explained that an estimated 60 percent of food eaten in the world today is of Native American origin, such as potatoes, corn and much more. She also told of many medical advancements made by the native people, including treatments for malaria and optic surgeries, among others. Following the positive contributions, Fox Tree described many of the issues surrounding Native American culture today. On reservations, where only about 22 percent of Native Americans live today, the mortality rate from alcohol abuse is 627 percent greater than that of all other

races combined. As well, one in six teens attempt suicide and only about half even graduate from high school. Though she said that these statistics were about 10 years old, she said they had not changed much over the years. Fox Tree spent the rest of the event talking about different stereotypes and myths about Native Americans and how they are still extremely prevalent and harmful. Fox Tree had participants engage in a discussion of common stereotypes, beginning by speaking of several of the most common ones. She mentioned that some of the most common are that all Native Americans look the same, that they all wear the same clothing, that they are all violent warriors and that they live in teepees. She then had people engage in a freeassociation exercise, naming several words—including Winnebago, Pontiac and Redskins—and discussing what we associate with them and how that can be problematic. Winnebago and Pontiac are both Native American words that are more often associated with vehicles than with their original meanings, and Redskins refers to the tradition of scalping Native Americans, yet is now used to name a football team. She then discussed the negative representation of Native Americans in popular culture as well, citing a statistic that 91 Massachusetts schools had “Indian” mascots or logos for their sports teams as of 2011. Fox Tree also told the group how they are rarely portrayed in film or on the news. From 1990 to 2000, there were 5,868 blockbuster films made, and only 12 of them included Native Americans at all, and they were often extremely stereotyped as savage or alcoholics. From 1990 to 1999, there were 175,889 news reports, and only 98 of them were about Native American. Of those 98, the majority of them were negative, speaking of problems with Native American culture rather than anything positive about it. Fox Tree ended by presenting ways to help rectify these problems, primarily by becoming an ally and standing up against pejorative representations of Native Americans. Organizer Irene Wong ’17, a member of the Leadership in Health and Medicine Leader Scholar Community, said that the community chose to bring Fox Tree to campus because she said that there is such a low representation of Native Americans among the student body. “We want people to be more aware of the culture and… many stereotypes that we don’t normally think of,” Wong said in an interview with the Justice.


BUDGET: $331 million allotted for fiscal year CONTINUED FROM 1 small, just slightly over [one] percent of the total annual budget, which is easily covered from reserves,” she wrote in an email to the Justice. According to de Graffenreid, next year’s total operating budget is about $331 million “and projects a very small annual budgeted deficit” at approximately $1.8 million. Senior Representative to the Board of Trustees Jack Hait ’14 said in an interview with the Justice that the University has been working to rebid contracts, make the campus more energy-efficient with upgrades and increase revenues from Students and Enrollment in order to reduce the deficit. Two semesters of tuition for students who first enrolled after spring 2012 will be $46,022, while tuition for those who first enrolled before summer 2012 will be $45,608, according to statistics provided by Dean of the Office of Student Financial Services Peter Giumette. Required fees for all students will cost $1,536. Board, using the 12-meal plan with $875 in points, is $5,700 for all students. The overall cost will be $60,336 for students who enrolled before summer 2012 and $60,750 for students who enrolled after spring 2012. Giumette did not respond to questions about how these prices and breakdowns compare to last year’s by press time. De Graffenreid wrote that she could not provide information about the percentage by which financial aid will increase for next year, as those numbers are dependent upon the students who choose to enroll at Brandeis. Although there will be an increase in the overall cost of attendance, the releases stated that “[t]he University is working hard to improve efficiency and cost effectiveness in our operations and increase private support.” Hait said that the board is sympathetic to and shares student concerns about raising the cost of attendance. In addition, he said that the share concerns regarding budget transparency, explaining why tuition is rising, where student dollars are going and the direction in which the University sees the overall cost of attendance going. Although, according to Hait, the Board shares these concerns, Hait also said that the University only has a “certain number of levers to pull.” Hait said that one of the biggest costs

to the University is financial aid, so one of the easiest ways to address this cost would be to instate a quota that would determine how many accepted students would have to pay full tuition. However, he said that is “not at all what the Board wants to do.” He said that the University wants economic diversity and believes that it “should accept students without regard to their financial capabilities.” Another “lever,” he said, would be to raise tuition, and to raise the scholarship and financial aid rate equally. A final option would be to ignore deferred maintenance, although he said that if these issues are addressed when they become crises, they are actually more expensive to repair than if they were addressed before. Hait said that he believes the board has the same goal in mind: to “maintain Brandeis as a good academic institution and make it as accessible as possible.” “Everyone agrees on this goal. All the disagreement happens in the details,” Hait said. “From our perspective, I think the resounding experience from sitting in on the Board meetings is that’s exactly what they’re trying to accomplish. They’re trying to say, ‘how do we make this institution affordable without losing who we are in terms of our identity and our excellence.’” The increase, according to the release, accompanies several “critical” initiatives, including “maintaining our historic commitment to financial aid.” Other initiatives include accelerating employer outreach in the Hiatt Career Center, “as we seek to build on our exceptional 95 percent placement rate within six months of graduation;” expanding student offices in community services and lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and queer services in response to requests and proposals from the student body; a renovation of the Usdan Student Center; a refurbishment of the Foster Mods and part of Ziv Quad; and several “dynamic” faculty hires to “maintain our low faculty to student ratio that is essential to maintaining our tradition of highly personalized and engaged educational opportunities.” The faculty positions that were added include the two new faculty members in African Diaspora studies for next fall, according to de Graffenreid.

FUNDRAISING: University goals for 2016 in sight CONTINUED FROM 1 scholarships, “making the money available as a permanent fund and available for future generations,” he wrote. “As the investment grows in value over the years, even more becomes available to distribute to students.” Although Nathan wrote that it is too early to speculate on how the Catalyst Fund will impact individual student financial aid packages, he wrote that the “[s]uccessful completion of the campaign will allow Brandeis to continue to change the arc of [the] lives of young people by offering an accessible education; maintain its historic commitment to educating the best students without regard to financial need; and ensure a diverse student body.” De Graffenreid wrote that the amount of funds that go to undergraduate financial aid compared to the amount that will be used toward graduate aid will, to some extent, depend on donor requests. She main-

tained, however, that the focus of the fund is on undergraduate financial aid. “As our alumni demonstrate, these individuals go on to change the world for the better in many large and small ways,” said Lawrence of the fund, in a statement provided by Nathan to the Justice. “Accessibility and affordability of higher education has been a core commitment of Brandeis since its founding.” Nathan wrote that alumni, parents, trustees, friends and members of the Brandeis National Committee will all be asked to support the initiative. He wrote that the fund has received gifts from trustees, who are also alumni, of $7.5 million and five million dollars, and two separate five million dollar gifts from “friends of the University.” Nathan wrote that in the last academic year, Brandeis awarded $54.5 million in grants and scholarships to undergraduate students. “Nearly two out of every three students receives financial aid,” he wrote.



A LOOK AT THE NUMBERS Students in a large chemistry course were asked about their current performance and plans to pursue a STEM education. The following statistics are based on percentages of the sample.

If you were to estimate your grade in the class right now, what would it be?

Male Female



















Do you feel that you are smart enough to succeed in this course?

Male Female



A little bit

Not at all









How likely are you to major in a STEM field?

Male Female

Very unlikely



Very likely








81.63 REBECCA LANTNER/the Justice

GAPS TO BRIDGE: Men had a more positive perception of their performance, but women were as likely to major in a STEM field.

SCIENCE: Race plays a role in educational experience CONTINUED FROM 5 mentioned that the department is currently hiring a female postdoctoral fellow, who would be at the University for three years. Herzfeld joined the University’s Chemistry department in 1985 after teaching at Harvard Medical School and Amherst College, where she was the first female faculty member in the physical sciences. At Brandeis, Herzfeld joined Prof. Emerita Emily Dudek (CHEM), who retired in 2003, and was later joined by Prof. Christine Thomas (CHEM) in 2008, who was awarded tenure last year. The department also includes Prof. Claudia Novack (CHEM), who does not conduct research but regularly teaches the large lecture classes CHEM 11a: “General Chemistry I” and CHEM 11b: “General Chemistry II.”


Brandeis has taken note of the low numbers of minority groups in the sciences and, with support from Prof. Irving Epstein (CHEM), launched the first science program in the nation, bringing in its inaugural class in 2008. As for representation of people of color in faculty, Marder said, “the landscape for minorities and people of color has been very complicated.” She said that students from disadvantaged backgrounds have often opted to pursue professional degrees rather than academic ones to achieve financial stability. “There was a real wave of trying to create options for people of color in professional schools and graduate schools. That first wave happened as a consequence of the '60s, so many of the people in that first wave came from relatively disadvantaged backgrounds and therefore they enriched into professional schools where they would be guaranteed financial opportunities,” she explained. “So people went to law school.

People went to medical school. People went to dental school. People went to engineering school. Relatively few of them had the luxury to just go into academics,” she added. Ullah also said that the ability to choose a career based solely on interest is “a luxury.” “You have to understand that that’s already a statement of privilege,” he said. “[People of color] have learned that, because we’re of economically disadvantaged backgrounds, we can only achieve so much in life. We should only try to achieve so much for practical reasons,” Ullah later added. For undergraduate students of color, race plays a significant role in their experiences at Brandeis. “I was the only black student in my Physics class, my second semester. In my first semester there was only one [other] girl and she dropped,” said Bethlehem Seifu Belaineh ’16, an International Wien scholar from Ethiopia who is a Biological Physics major, in an interview with the Justice. “I never really realized it until someone pointed it out and by the time I realized it I felt extremely self-conscious to the point where I started to question, ‘Am I actually in the right major? Am I setting myself up for failure or something?’” “You don’t feel isolated but you feel different, because you are different. You do look different. You have a different cultural background,” Belaineh added later. “You just are different but that difference does not mean you are less. It just means you are a different kind of person, but it took me a while to recognize that.” Nicholas Medina ’14 made a similar point, acknowledging his position as one of a few Hispanic science students. “Because there are so few Hispanic students in the sciences, I feel like I more wholly represent my ethnicity in

the sciences and Hispanic science students in general,” he said. “It makes me feel like when I achieve higher grades, it’s more of an accomplishment.” However, said Marder, the number of students from underrepresented groups entering graduate school is now increasing, at Brandeis and across the country. For now, recruiting people of color to the department is a challenge, given how small the pool is, according to both Marder and Herzfeld. “Part of what makes it not easy is when the pool is small and all of us really want that diversity. The big, rich places win out in the recruiting,” said Herzfeld. “It’s not entirely satisfactory, but that’s not for lack of trying or lack of interest,” she later added.


Ullah said he believes that “there is a lack of conversation” about the issues students of color face and that the University should “become more comfortable” discussing them. “It’s going to be very important for me to make sure that, whatever field I go into, to make the space more accessible and accommodating for people of color, regardless of their background and preparation,” he said. “Once you provide the tools for people of color to actualize their full potential, they are just as likely to be very successful in any career as anyone else,” he added. Despite the fact that female students in the sample of the survey seemed to feel less confident in science classes than their peers, they nonetheless showed a commitment to pursuing an education in science. Such an enthusiasm fits well with Charney’s goal: “I think the message we need to be getting out there is to tell people that careers in science are great for women. Do it!”






VERBATIM | FRIEDRICH NIETZSCHE The essence of all beautiful art, all great art, is gratitude.



In 1979, Iran officially overthrew the Shah and became the Islamic Republic of Iran.

The word “nerd” was coined by children’s author Dr. Seuss in If I Ran the Zoo.

Social reform for

Tanzania Rakesh Rajani ’89 became a civil society leader of his home country By Rose gittell Justice editorial assistant

For Rakesh Rajani ’89, access to reliable information is an essential component of human life — on par with access to food and potable water. Rajani is the head of a human rights campaign in Tanzania called Twaweza, a word which means “We can make it happen” in Swahili. Twaweza has a twopart mission: the first is access to basic resources such as food and water, and the second is the free flow of information. To increase the flow of information in Tanzania, Twaweza works directly with mass media outlets to try to shape their practices. Rajani encourages them to practice investigative journalism as opposed to what he calls “descriptive journalism.” When asked, Rajani gives the scenario of the president holding a press conference. Descriptive journalists would provide an account of what the president said, whereas investigative journalists would research what he said to hold him accountable, as well as gather commentary from different viewpoints in order to provide a more comprehensive picture. In addition, he advocates for the presence of a wider variety

of voices, in order for the media to be representative of voices beyond the Tanzanian elite. According to Rajani, the free flow of information is important to societal well-being because it puts citizens in a position where they can assess and question the decisions made by their government. The government makes decisions about the collection and spending of resources that directly affect each citizen, and the free flow of information through mass media outlets is essential to maintaining a transparent and accountable political system. “If you grew up poor and discriminated against all your life, and you have no way of seeing anything else, then you just get used to it,” Rajani said in an interview with the Justice. Twaweza seeks to change this phenomenon by fostering conditions that allow millions of citizens access to media outlets. “Through information, you get to see how other people are living. It allows you to reframe your own reality, change your aspirations and desire to change the way things are.” Knowledge, according to Rajani, is the difference between life and death. For example, the budget for health care in Tanzania allows the urban elite to receive care at a lower cost than the urban poor. If the rural population

had access to this information, they could advocate for the same low costs available in urban hospitals, potentially decreasing infant mortality rates and deaths during childbirth. Rajani brought to Twaweza years of experience as a civil rights leader. Upon graduating from Harvard University with a masters in liberation theology, Rajani founded his first organization, HakiElimu, meaning “The right to education.” The organization is specifically devoted to primary education in Tanzania. A core problem in Tanzania 15 to 20 years ago was low primary school enrollment. Schools were too expensive, and there were not enough of them. HakiElimu advocated to ensure that kids went to school, and the government responded by building many schools in 2002, expanding educational opportunity as well as reducing the cost of education. Rajani was pleased with this victory, but remained skeptical that kids were learning despite increased enrollment. He was interested in the ability of primary school-aged children to read, both in Swahili and in English. Therefore, following the lead of an organization in India, Rajani and HakiElimu devised a survey to distribute across the entire country.


LEADERSHIP LEGACY: Rakesh Rajani ’89 is a Tanzanian civil rights advocate and founder of the social non-profit, Twaweza.

The survey served as a milestone for the organization as they now had solid evidence showing that seven out of every 10 children in grade three were not able to read at a grade two level. “We are able to show that there were some districts that were truly disadvantaged, and some that really weren’t. We have been able to reframe policy discussions taking place around these issues,” Rajani said. Most recently, Rajani co-founded the Open Government Partnership in 2011, a project involving 63 countries that provides an international platform from which domestic reformers can advocate for transparency and accountability from their governments. President Barack Obama was a co-founder of OpenGov, and in 2011, Rajani returned to the United States to work on this project. “It’s a nice story, because I went to school in the states, I went back to Tanzania and helped there using the skills I had gained in the states, then developed a body of work which then allowed me to return to the U.S. to set up this initiative,” Rajani said. Rajani grew up in Mwanza, Tanzania and was able to attend Brandeis through the Wien International Scholarship Program. This scholarship program pro-

vides exceptional international students the opportunity to study at Brandeis for no cost, enriching the community with an international perspective. At Brandeis, Rajani majored in English and Philosophy and is adamant about the role of creativity and imagination in reaching social goals. “To me, literature is important because it transports you into all kinds of worlds, it allows you to reflect deeply,” Rajani said. “It allows you to connect, gives you a window into society that then makes you think about your own life and the effect of your own life. Literature has helped me to construct my own view of the world,” he said. “[Brandeis was] a wonderful combination between serious study and serious engagement and activism. We fought hard, there was a lot of demonstrating,” Rajani said. Rajani was a student at Brandeis during the height of the Cold War, before the fall of the Berlin Wall. “The kind of values that Justice Brandeis stood for infused the faculty’s thinking, which then infused our thinking,” Rajani said. “I learned about what matters in the world, about how to live a meaningful life, how to live a life that is engaged in caring about things.”

EDUCATION AGENDA: In keeping with Rajani’s commitment to education, he visits the Simbani secondary school laboratory. PHOTO COURTESY OF FIDELIS KISUKILO


FAMOUS OFFICIALS: Rajani has a lively conversation at the state house in Tanzania with Tanzanian President Jakaya Kikwete.




Chinese history


CORAL CONTAINER: This coral snuff bottle is one of over 50 in a collection of bottles featured in the Brandeis University Archives.


Owning and traveling with a perfume-sized, ornate bottle containing a powder you intend to inhale seems to most modern citizens as a foreign and probably illegal concept. In 18th and 19th century China, however, this practice was considered a social norm. On Wednesday, March 26 in Rapaporte Treasure Hall, Profs. Aida Yuen Wong (FA) and Yu Feng (GRALL) presented in-depth lectures on Chinese snuff bottles, spotlighting Brandeis’ own collection in the University Archives. The event was cosponsored by the Jack, Joseph and Morton Mandel Center for the Humanities, Special Collections in the Brandeis Library and the Rose Art Museum. The event was part of a Close Looking Series that occurs three times a semester and takes an indepth look at some of the Universities’ most treasured collections from the library’s Special Collections and the Rose Art Museum. Chinese snuff bottles are small, vessel-like bottles made to hold powdered tobacco. They were used by the Chinese to inhale tobacco during the Qing dynasty when smoking tobacco became illegal. “[Snuff bottles were] all the rage in China during the last imperial dynasty, especially in the 18th and 19th century,” Wong said. Snuff bottles became increasingly popular because snuff was thought to cure a variety of illnesses. A similar fever swept over Europe with the use of the snuffbox. It served the same purpose as the Chinese snuff bottle of holding powdered tobacco. “In Europe it was fashionable to put their snuff in a canister or small box, but it was not so in China. Chinese preferred little bottles with a smaller ration and bottles with a sealable cap that would prevent drying up too quickly, or caking up too quickly,” Wong said. The Chinese snuff bottle collection was originally owned by Jack and Therese G. Katz. They donated it to Brandeis in 1964. The collection contains around 50 bottles. Snuff bottles are made of many different materials such as glass, porcelain, wood, ivory, jade and ceramic. The bottle contains a tiny spoon inside for inhaling the snuff. They are typically decorated with intricate paintings or Chinese calligraphy. Highly detailed and ornate snuff bottles were a sign of wealth and status. “They have been compared to luxury watches today. They are objects that not only have a

function but also can be carried around with pride,” Wong said. The bottles are not complete without an intricately carved stand. “The idea of bracing an object on a stand immediately transforms it into a work of art, just like putting a frame around a picture,” Wong said. Snuff bottles were intentionally constructed to fit in the palm of a hand. “In the West there is a tendency to dismiss small objects as trinkets. Not so in China. Very fine works of arts can come in small and dainty sizes, encouraging playful handling. The experience for touch rather than a purely optic experience is important for Chinese art,” Wong said. Snuff bottles crucially do not have a distinct back or front because all sides are equally important. One side can portray an ornate painting and the other can contain a poem in ancient Chinese calligraphy. The sides and tops of bottles can also be critical to the overall masterpiece. Many snuff bottles are symbolic and provide insight into Chinese culture. For example, one of the snuff bottles in the Brandeis collection is made of coral, a rare material to be used for a snuff bottle. Coral has profusions that look like shadows of trees that were said to last forever, therefore symbolizing longevity. In addition to their symbolism, many different stylistic techniques classify each bottle. One common carving style is called “Suzhou style,” named after the Chinese city of Suzhou. “We imagine that people from Suzhou demanded high quality works. Because jade is as hard as steel, the difficulty of carving into jade makes the snuff bottles intrinsically valuable,” said Wong. Feng focused his presentation on the significance of Chinese snuff bottle calligraphy. The text includes poems or parallel phrases, and can also provide information about the date and place of creation, the name of the artist or the name of the original recipient. “The text is art, Chinese calligraphy. They’re beautiful and at the same time we can get very important information from those texts. We can trace history,” said Feng. Some of the most skilled craftsmen of these bottles practiced interior painting. Many texts and ornate paintings were painted from the inside of the bottle, demonstrating a remarkably high skill level. Some scholars believe that this became popular during the period of the Jiaqing Emperor (1796 to 1820) and others believe that it

A lecture series brings the past to life with a collection of ancient tobacco artifacts became popular during the period of the Guangxu Emperor (1875 to 1908). Elaborate calligraphy is painted on the interior of the bottles to prevent the ink from wearing away since bottles were intended for touching. “Chinese calligraphy inside bottles was a really, really difficult skill,” Feng said Kexin Jin M.A.T.’14 explained that her favorite piece from the collection is the bottle with the calligraphy on the inside. “The writing style is very beautiful, I’m from China and I didn’t know that Brandeis had this collection,” Jin said. According to Feng, Ma Shaoxuan was arguably considered the greatest master of inside bottle painting. He was a native to Beijing and his works can be divided into three time periods of different subjects. His early works range from photo-like portraits to landscaping of flowers and birds. It is not uncommon for collectors to have hundreds of different bottles. The Katz collection has 50 bottles. The process of making a snuff bottle was extremely timeconsuming, making bottles highly desired by some collectors in the modern day. “The golden age of collecting snuff bottles was in the 1960s and ’70s when supply was in abundance and then prices were incredibly cheap compared to today’s standards,” Wong said. Today, collectors choose objects that have unique qualities or special value. Styles that belonged to the imperial family are especially treasured and drive the prices to impossible heights. Although, the exact value of Brandeis’ collection is unknown, Feng speculated that in the past the masterpieces of Shaoxuan have gone for $60,000 each. Most of his pieces are rare to China and located in Europe and the U.S. The Katz collection represents a diversity of styles and symbolism used to make Chinese snuff bottles. Interior paintings, calligraphy, coral bottles, intricate scenery and ornate symbolism are only some of the snuff bottles that make up this prized collection. These small bottles have a powerful influence in Chinese culture. Wong described the significance of each bottle, saying, “snuff bottles are miniaturist art. There is a Chinese phrase about the sensibility behind miniatures which means perceiving grandness through smallness.” Gillian Boulay M.A.’15, who studies in the Chinese program, she said “I was really surprised that we have this collection. I think it’d be really great if more students knew about it.”


CHINESE CALLIGRAPHY: Prof. Yu Feng (GRALL) lectures on the significance of snuff bottle calligraphy, placing ancient Chinese art in a historical context.


MINIATURE TREASURE: In Chinese culture, a work of fine art small enough to fit in the palm of a hand is not dismissed as a trinket due to its diminutive size.


10 TUESDAY, april 1, 2014 ● THE JUSTICE

Justice Justice

the the

Established 1949, Brandeis University

Brandeis University

Established 1949

Tate Herbert, Editor in Chief Andrew Wingens, Senior Editor Adam Rabinowitz, Managing Editor Phil Gallagher and Rachel Hughes, Deputy Editors Rachel Burkhoff, Glen Chagi Chesir, Sara Dejene, Shafaq Hasan, Joshua Linton, Jessie Miller and Olivia Pobiel, Associate Editors Marissa Ditkowsky, News Editor Jaime Kaiser, Features Editor Max Moran, Forum Editor Avi Gold, Sports Editor Emily Wishingrad, Arts Editor Josh Horowitz and Morgan Brill, Photography Editors Rebecca Lantner, Layout Editor Celine Hacobian, Online Editor Brittany Joyce, Copy Editor Schuyler Brass, Advertising Editor

Support independent Al-Quds project Since the formal suspension of Brandeis’ relationship with Al-Quds University last November, the question of whether the two schools will resume their partnership has remained looming and unanswered. A pair of Brandeis students have decided to take the debate into their own hands. Eli Philip ’15 and Catie Stewart ’16 have applied for and received a Davis Project for Peace grant to begin a new independent program between Brandeis students and Al-Quds students. Their proposal, titled “Al-Quds University Student Dialogue Initiative,” is not formally affiliated with Brandeis administration, but “will create a framework for long-term student dialogue between Brandeis University and Al-Quds University,” according to the written proposal. This board supports the drive and motivation that Philip and Stewart have demonstrated in enacting their program, but urges that their program include a diverse group of Brandeis students with multiple viewpoints on the suspended partnership. The partnership between Al-Quds and Brandeis was founded on an ideal of multicultural discourse and academic cooperation. This ideal has been rejuvenated through the “Student Dialogue Initiative,” which will feature Brandeis students spending an intensive five-day program at the Al-Quds campus. Brandeisians will learn from, interact with and work alongside Al-Quds students. The program will feature more actual peer-to-peer interaction than the formal partnership had for several years, which had merely become an exchange of research between professors. We are excited to hear that this initiative prioritizes student dialogue, as the original partnership intended.

Present all views on campus However, it must include Brandeis students who both favor and oppose a reinstatement of the formal partnership. There are strong feelings on both sides of this debate on campus, and this independent initiative must not misrepresent the Brandeis community. Indicating to Al-Quds that Brandeis is unified in favor of restarting the partnership would only make the issue more complex. In order for Philip and Stewart to receive the grant supporting their project, University President Frederick Lawrence “agreed to the terms of the grant from the Davis Foundation,” according to Senior Vice President for Communication Ellen de Graffenreid. However, Lawrence did not sign off on their particular project proposal. The University must recognize the significance of students who are invested enough in the Al-Quds partnership that they seek independent grants and develop independent mechanisms for continuing the dialogue. The student body has vocally expressed their sentiments toward the Al-Quds partnership in the past months, a change from its fairly unknown status when it was in effect. It is the University’s responsibility to recognize student voices as it decides how to move forward in the Al-Quds partnership. While this board commends Philip and Stewart for their determination, we stress that they make clear to Al-Quds that they only represent themselves, and not the Brandeis administration. Conversely, the administration must consider the interests of the student body as it decides how to move forward on the issue.

Applaud financial aid fund Across the nation, college affordability has been an area in dire need of attention. As tuition continues to rise, so too does student debt and the inability to foster a diverse socioeconomic makeup of students. Brandeis is a premier example of this conundrum: we faced a deficit of less than $3.5 million this past year, and have seen cost increases of approximately four percent over each of the past few years. This year will be no exception with a 3.7 percent increase in cost, with a continued, albeit shrinking, deficit. It is because of this predicament though that this board is excited to see the University place a greater emphasis on college affordability for its students, most notably with its new Catalyst Fund. The University launched the Catalyst Fund as a fundraising initiative this past January in support of scholarships for undergraduate students and fellowships for graduate students. Financial support for the fund has been substantial; over one-third of the $100 million goal has been reached in just three short months. Most notably, the fund has received separate gifts of $7.5 million and five million dollars from alumni trustees. Moreover, according to a previous interview with Senior Vice President for Institutional Advancement Nancy Winship, the ongoing capital campaign will emphasize gifts for student scholarships and fellowships. The affordability of Brandeis to its stu-

Consider tuition costs dents must continue to be a focal point for the University. This problem though is not limited to offering financial aid, but also at the very least stabilizing the cost of attendance. In May 2012, the Boston Business Journal ranked Brandeis as the second-most expensive college in Massachusetts and in its most recent rankings, the online publication Campus Grotto placed Brandeis at the number 40 spot in tuition and fees, and 36th for total cost of attendance (tuition, fees and room and board), nationwide. As an institution committed to social justice, and by extension accessibility for a diverse set of socioeconomic backgrounds, these numbers are staggering. Brandeis must make a concerted effort to better these statistics by both reducing the deficit and eventually reducing tuition, as well as by increasing financial aid. Therefore, it is encouraging to see the University place an emphasis on financial aid. More important than asking for ostentatious new buildings, offering premier food options, more convenient parking locations or even paying administrative salaries is the need for a college education at an affordable price. We are pleased to see the University acknowledge this same sentiment, and we hope that it continues to prioritize this in the future.


A few words our


ombudsman Maura Jane Farrelly The editors of the Justice have received a couple of anonymous notes this semester that echo an attitude expressed in similarly anonymous notes sent to them last semester. The four notes seem to have been written by different people, and this concerns me. I don’t think the notes represent a “trend.” But they do reveal what I would call an “illiberal tendency” among some members of the Brandeis community—along with a fundamental misunderstanding about what a newspaper is, how its editorial pages are not the same thing as its “news” and what its function is in a free society. I devote my column this week, therefore, to educating what I hope is a handful of readers. A newspaper has not committed a journalistic lapse when it reports on an event that you wish had not happened or runs an editorial that you disagree with. The Justice did not “go far beyond legitimate bounds” or “glorify the terror of civilians” when it reported on Max Blumenthal’s visit to our campus last month and then ran two editorials about Blumenthal’s work—one that was critical of Blumenthal and another that defended his ideas. It was also not “disgusting” of the editors to run two guest editorials last semester in which Brandeis students offered what I would consider to be flawed, but nevertheless refreshing (and possibly even necessary) alternatives to the understanding of “social justice” that has come to dominate the culture on this campus. The reader who wrote that the Justice should have “refused to publish” those editorials is just plain wrong, and his or her time would have been better spent crafting a response that the editors could have run on the editorial pages of a later issue, rather than anonymously calling for censorship. The first obligation of a newspaper is to inform citizens about their community—who its members are, what they are doing and why, how and when they are doing it. There are students on this campus who believe the Israeli government’s treatment of Palestinians in Israel amounts to “apartheid.” Because of their belief, these students recently participated in a national, week-long protest that uses the word “apartheid” to describe the Israeli government’s policies. That participation involved bringing a controversial journalist to Brandeis who spoke, then, about his book in which, I am told, he compares the situation in modern-day Israel to the situation in Nazi Germany (full disclosure: I have not read Blumenthal’s book). There are also students on this campus who believe it is hyperbolic, inaccurate, dangerous and even bigoted to use the word “apartheid” to describe the complex political and cultural situation on the ground in modernday Israel. These students are well aware of the national movement that uses that word, and they believe the Brandeis students who participated in Israel Apartheid Week are un-

informed. These students insist that “all citizens of Israel are fully equal under the law,” and that Israel is “the exact opposite of the institutional discriminatory system of actual apartheid that was in effect in South Africa.” I know this, because I read those quotes in the Justice’s coverage of the Max Blumenthal visit. I have spoken with the editors of the Justice about the article they ran on Blumenthal’s talk. One reader wrote with dismay about the “many articles” the Justice’s reporters wrote about the activities of Israel Apartheid Week, insisting that “this should be fixed.” Actually, there was just one article—in the March 4 edition. And I believe there really should have been two. The editors tell me that because of deadline restraints and a staff shortage, they elected to collapse the coverage of Blumenthal’s visit into an article that examined the controversy surrounding the very idea of an “Israel Apartheid Week.” I thought their reporter produced a very balanced piece on the national movement and its manifestation on our campus. I would have liked to have read more, however, about the actual reaction to Blumenthal’s talk—after the fact. But because the article was already running long, that reaction got short shrift.

The first obligation of a newspaper is to inform citizens about their community... . I believe the reader who lamented the “many articles” in the Justice about Israel Apartheid Week may have been unaware of the difference between news and editorials. He or she spoke of the biased “wording of articles” in the paper and insisted that the Justice had an obligation to be “neutral.” While there was only one news article about the protest week—and its language was quite objective— there were two editorials, and understandably, the writers of those editorials did not use disinterested language. This brings me, then, to the second obligation of a newspaper in a free society. A newspaper should stimulate respectful conversation among the members of a community about the ideas that animate that community. To that end, the Justice published an editorial by Associate Editor Glen Chesir ’15 (who has a regular column in the paper), criticizing Israel Apartheid Week and the greater Boycott, Divestment and Sanctions movement (March 11). Chesir provoked readers to consider the extent to which the inflammatory language and actions of these movements inhibit the peace process. The following week (March 18), the editors published a guest editorial from Prof. Harry Mairson (COSI), in which Mairson called attention to the numerous centers on our campus that are “devoted to institutionally supporting Israel.” He suggested that the contrarian sentiments of Max Blumenthal were a necessary ingredient in any meaningful dialogue about the difficult situation in Israel. To have a productive conversation, in other words, people have to be willing to hear and consider ideas that make them uncomfortable. This is precisely the attitude that a good newspaper tries to cultivate.


TUESDAY, April 1, 2014


True economic development requires equitable distribution Jassen

Lu A Judge’s View

Social scientists commonly propose that a growing economy is an important part in improving people’s living standards. An economy that possesses and creates enough goods and services can theoretically fulfill the basic needs of its people, such as food and clothing. Thus, many developing and underdeveloped countries have set up systems of maximizing their potential income in whatever way possible, assuming the profits will eventually reach the masses. The results have been mixed. A plan of merely developing the economy to generate the highest amount of absolute income and goods can still fail in improving living standards for a greater number of people. Although many countries worldwide have experienced unprecedented economic development since the end of the 20th century, that development has still failed in many cases to greatly improve the lives of lower income people in developing and underdeveloped countries. In a study documenting economic growth and development against child nutrition standards, Harvard School of Public Health social epidemiologist S.V. Subramanian noted that national economic growth does not always equate to a higher standard of living. Among 36 developing and underdeveloped countries he and his team studied from 1990 to 2011, Subramanian found that despite national gross domestic product and per capita income growth, the positive effects of the growth has been negligible on reducing malnutrition on national levels. An updated UNICEF report documented that as of 2011, more than 25 percent of children worldwide at or below the age of five suffered malnutrition-induced stunted growth, with 16 and 11 percent being underweight or “wasted,” respectively. For instance, in Ethiopia, despite a nearly $300 growth in the per capita gross national income to $400 from 2000 to 2011, an excess of five million children still suffered stunted growth in 2011. Notably, in many of those countries, even where the national economy is booming and absolute national prosperity is increasing, satisfying basic needs such as food has been problematic. Although the economy may be generating more income and output, this new prosperity often does not reach the poverty-stricken areas and populations of the country because the money is trapped in regions or industries that are already developed and prosperous. The economic growth in India demonstrates this paradox. According to Subramanian, tourism fuels a large part of the Indian economy and

ALISON SIMON/the Justice

the sector keeps developing every year. To that end, India has invested heavily in developing infrastructure supporting the tourism sector, such as expansive new roads and modernized airports. But how does a family living in the slums benefit from a five lane highway? Sanghamitra Bandyopadhyay of the London School of Economics and Political Science has also said that much of the wealth is concentrated along India’s western coastal regions because industry and manufacturing are concentrated there. The more inland northern regions, on the other hand, do not enjoy such high economic activity and remain poor as a result. Unfortunately, political corruption can also exacerbate the problem, when corrupt politicians purposely funnel wealth toward already wealthy individuals, population sectors or industries after receiving bribes. According to Oxfam International, a nongovernmental organization dedicated to reducing world poverty, wealth is concentrated among a limited number of individuals in India partly because of corrupt political dealings. The government provides certain business leaders with exclusive access to profitable industries such as mining and telecommunica-

tions. These leaders profit, while their employees feel none of the benefits of globalization. It is true that an economy needs to develop revenues and output to benefit the people. However, when development and its outputs are only concentrated and locked within specific economic sectors, they cannot reach the people who need them most. A steady and requisite level of income, which many families in the developing world and even in developed countries lack, is necessary for providing basic needs such as food, clothing and shelter. Of course, the governments should also do their part by investing in more public goods and services that would provide much needed long-term benefit to their poor populations. As with India, perhaps the government should invest more national economic output into providing potable drinking water, sanitation services and other social assistance programs. In a developing country, the economy should be developing for the overarching purpose of ensuring that the country as a whole can enjoy the benefits of prosperity. In countries where people have trouble securing basic needs, a booming economy should first and foremost address those needs so that people can at least stay alive and

healthy. Many people may want to participate in the economy, but they cannot due to factors beyond their individual control, such as a lack of jobs and services in their impoverished areas because of developmental disparities. A nation’s continuing economic growth and social stability will depend on the well-being of the people. If they cannot secure at least a basic living standard, they will likely be impeded in their future economic contributions. Developing countries worldwide have lifted themselves from the most extreme levels of poverty by growing their economies. While growing an economy in the absolute sense is necessary for the resources gained to benefit the general population, without distributing those resources to where they are needed most, the real benefits for the people will be limited. Developing an economy is like baking a cake: The baker can make a bigger cake by adding more batter, but if it is not actually shared among the diners, then there might as well be no cake at all. There is no magic bullet for economic development, but economic distribution should at least be considered when governments draft their economic plans.

Consider the media portrayal of shooters to prevent mass shootings Max

Moran The Bottom Bunk

The first day of April marks an interesting accomplishment for our country. It hasn’t been written about anywhere in the news, which is exactly what makes it notable. America has officially gone a full six months without a single nationally newsworthy mass shooting. Not one “horrifying national tragedy” or “senseless slaughter” to read about, not a single presidential speech vowing solemnly to not let it happen again. Not even a photo of wailing parents or somber police officers shedding one tear of rage. It’s a milestone that’s worth considering. What’s both curious and exciting was that I struggled to remember when and where the last of these tragedies took place. The last time we had a mass shooting notable enough to get national attention was in September, when a gunman killed 12 people at the Washington Navy Yard. After the alleged gunman committed suicide, reporters forced themselves on the shocked witnesses of the tragedy, President Barack Obama said a few remorseful words and that was the end of that. Just another in a long line of senseless tragedies that shock us to the core,

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force us to ask hard questions about the role of guns and violence in our culture and demand that we find an answer to this problem now to prevent it from happening again. And then, well, it happens again. But in this case, it hasn’t—at least not for a little while. We’ve all moved on, and other issues have taken up the headlines. When Obama proposed a multi-million dollar gun safety program early this month, it received practically no attention from any news organization. Why should it? The proposed program’s more stringent background checks and school safety pilot projects are similar to the policies of a 2013 bill that didn’t pass in the wake of the Newtown, Conn. shooting, perhaps the most shocking of these events in recent history. Now, there was no impetus for the country to pay attention to yet another bill that only drags up painful memories. The surprising thing about this almost uniquely American issue is that we aren’t surprised by it anymore. As a nation, we simply no longer have the emotional space to watch more Katie Couric interviews with mourners, or to hear Mother Jones and the National Rifle Association scream at each other for the 100th time over. The grief of a nation has become routine and clichéd. And as strange as it is to say, that is possibly the best thing that could have happened. We have grown exhausted, and perhaps even bored, with talking about the issue. Thus, we don’t want to give it attention. Among the many theories as to why America has a shooting problem, one of the most dominant is that the media promotes it. After each

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The opinions stated in the editorial(s) under the masthead on the opposing page represent the opinion of a majority of the voting members of the editorial board; all other articles, columns, comics and advertisements do not necessarily. For the Brandeis Talks Back feature on the last page of the newspaper, staff interview four randomly selected students each week and print only those four answers. The Justice is the independent student newspaper of Brandeis University. Operated, written, produced and published entirely by students, the Justice includes news, features, arts, opinion and sports articles of interest to approximately 3,500 undergraduates, 900 graduate students, 500 faculty and 1,000 administrative staff. In addition, the Justice is mailed weekly to paid subscribers and distributed throughout Waltham, Mass. The Justice is published every Tuesday of the academic year with the exception of examination and vacation periods. Advertising deadlines: All insertion orders and advertising copy must be received by the Justice no later than 5 p.m. on the Thursday preceding the date of publication. All advertising copy is subject to approval of the editor in chief and the managing and advertising editors. A publication schedule and rate card is available upon request. Subscription rate: $35 per semester, $55 per year.

tragedy, journalists try to find out every detail of a shooter’s life and background in search of an explanation, which may earn plenty of money, but perpetuates a very real problem. Eric Hickey, Dean of the California School of Forensic Studies, states in his book Serial Murderers and Their Victims that massacre shooters often construct elaborate inner narratives of how and why the world has wronged them, and use their shootings as a theater to express this story, what is to them a revenge tale against an uncaring world. The more attention they can get, the more people know their supposed truth. And if we put the alleged Boston Marathon bomber on the cover of Rolling Stone, it sends a clear message to other potential attackers. In a 1999 study, Paul Mullen, director emeritus of the Victorian Institute of Forensic Mental Health, found that gun massacres often occur in “clusters,” since perpetrators are inspired by each other. He describes speaking to one imprisoned killer who claimed to be “going for the record,” by killing more bystanders than any other similar criminal. Mullen’s findings were reaffirmed in a 2002 study in Germany, examining violent crimes across multiple countries. Over and over, the most senseless and inexplicable tragedies occurred close to each other in time, especially when killers became aware of each other’s actions through the media or some other source of information. Is the media single-handedly responsible for mass shootings? Of course not. To oversimplify a criminal and mental issue that no one fully understands does a disservice to everyone. To

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fix this problem, significant arms reform will likely be necessary (look at Australia’s drop in crime since banning assault weapons), and our culture’s unhealthy obsession with fictional violence will need to be seriously considered and controlled. But the more we can abstract these debates from the issue of mass shootings, the better capable we will be of not only preventing violence, but of thinking deeply and logically about the implications of potential changes in Second Amendment or censorship laws. These are issues unto themselves, and we should not allow either side to use cheap and exploitative emotional appeals. The best preventative measures to take with gun violence is simply to not give it more attention. Eventually, at some point somewhere, a group of people will be killed for no clear reason. The person who does this will be horribly troubled and in desperate need of someone to talk to. It will be a tragedy. When it happens, the media ought not to discover the life history of the murderer, or print hundreds upon thousands of pictures of the terrified masses. The media is responsible for providing a forum for the public to mourn, showing people ways they can help the grieving and then moving on. Nobody benefits from lingering on pain, and the less time we spend around exploitative shock stories and images, the longer it seems to be before they appear again. It appears that America may be on the way out of its current “cluster” of mass shootings. I hope we’re better prepared for the next one.

Editorial Assistants

Alexandra Zelle Rettman, Mara Sassoon, Nate Shaffer

News: Kathryn Brody and Hannah Wulkan

Photography: Zach Anziska, Jenny Cheng, Annie Fortnow,

Features: Rose Gitell

Annie Kim, Abby Knecht, Bri Mussman, Leah Newman,

Photos: Grace Kwon

Chelsea Polaniecki, Abigail Rothstein, Rafaella Schor, Olivia Wang, Xiaoyu Yang


Copy: Brianna Majsiak, Kathleen Guy, Aliza Braverman,

Senior Writers: Jacob Moskowitz, Henry Loughlin, Zachary Reid

Melanie Cytron, Angie Howes, Grace Lim, Mara Nussbaum

News: Jay Feinstein, Ilana Kruger, Sarah Rontal, Samantha

Layout: Shayna Hertz, Jassen Lu, Abigail Pearlman, Maya Riser-


Kositsky, Lilah Zohar

Features: Rose Gittelli, Rebecca Heller, Hee Ju Kang, Elior

Illustrations: Hannah Kober, Marisa Rubel, Tziporah Thompson

Moskowitz, Casey Pearlman, Aditi Shah Forum: Jennie Bromberg, Aaron Fried, Kahlil Oppenheimer, Jassen Lu, Catherine Rosch Sports: Elan Kane, Daniel Kanovich, Dan Rozel Arts: Carly Chernomorets, Aliza Gans, Kiran Gill, Rachel Liff,


TUESDAY, April 1, 2014



Use free market solutions to protect the environment By Jesse Freedman JUSTICE contributing WRITER

As a kid, I was often told “to leave a place better than how I had found it,” and as someone who lives on this planet, I want to make sure that when I leave, our planet is in a better state than when I arrived. Brandeis is filled with passionate people who care about reducing our country’s impact on the environment. However, simply caring about the environment is not enough. Actions need to be taken. I believe the best way to give people the opportunity to reduce our damage to the environment can be found through the free market. Free market environmentalism is a philosophy that believes that property rights, tort law and the free market are the best way to preserve our environment. Before I explain why Free market environmentalism is the best option for protecting the environment, I need to clear up several assumptions people make about the free market. Firstly, in a free market, people are not going to automatically choose the option that produces the greatest profit, regardless of the societal costs. Rather, capitalism is a system in which people have the freedom to choose what they desire. For some, this is choosing the option that maximizes profits, but for others, it is about using your money to buy products that reflect your values. Secondly, there are assumptions that a free market conflicts with environmental protections. It is assumed that companies will pollute more because it is cheaper to do so. In reality, several studies have been done which illustrate that countries that are more economically free have a stronger economic performance. A study done in 2012 by Yale University and the Heritage Foundation proved that “Economically freer countries throughout the world continue to outperform their repressed counterparts on environmental protection.” Moreover, it is important to note that in a free market, the government has a role, which is to protect the private property of individuals. This does not conflict with the free market because this is not interference in the market, rather guaranteeing that people are free to choose what course of action they wish insofar as it does not harm another. One of the biggest questions revolving around environmental damage is who takes responsibility for a common good. For example, what is stopping a company from polluting a river that feeds through a major town because it is cheaper to dispose of their waste as opposed to finding a greener alternative? In a totally free market, which protects everyone’s private property, companies would invest money in controlling their pollution so they do not harm someone else’s property. Currently, regulations serve as an excuse to pollute. As long as the company passes its inspections, its pollution is considered acceptable. In a private market, companies would be held directly responsible for their actions and would have to pay for the excessive damages. The liability that companies face because of their pollution is a strong deterrent against


harming the environment, as long as the entity is privately owned. Once the good becomes a common good, there is no longer as strong of an incentive to protect the environment. If someone owns something, he or she is going to do whatever is necessary to protect it and prevent it from harming others. They feel responsible for it. People care about things that they have a claim to. By eliminating private property, the individual’s stake in maintaining his or her property is reduced. A perfect example of this is the Love Canal neighbourhood in Niagara Falls, N.Y. In the late 1940s and early 1950s, the Love Canal was a waste dump operated by the Hooker Chemical Company. The company was so concerned about making sure that the waste did not run onto other people’s property, so that it would not have to pay the damages, that its environmental protections at the time met the 1980 standards of the Environmental Protection Agency. In 1953, the Niagara Falls City school district needed to build new schools for a booming city. It decided that its school would be located on this dumpsite. When the school board approached the HCC to buy the land, HCC declined, citing the safety concerns of having a school on a toxic waste dump. However, the school board threatened HCC with condemning or expropriating the proper-

ty. HCC then agreed to sell the property to the school board, but only for one dollar and with a large caveat in the sale about the dangers of building on the site. The government not only ignored this statement, but also built low-income and single family residences on adjacent properties. The building of these properties unearthed toxic waste that had been buried for safety. The damage this caused was unknown for about 25 years, until studies found horrifying statistics about the people living around this area. One study found that 56 percent of children born near Love Canal between 1974 and 1978 had at least one birth defect. Another found that 33 percent of the residents had chromosomal damage. Voles in the area were found to have a lifespan of about half as long as compared to voles that were not exposed to this toxic waste. All of this was caused by government interference in the marketplace. If not for the government, HCC would have continued to protect its property from harming others because its welfare was concerned. Its aim may not have been to protect the environment, but because of a free market system, in which the only role of the government is to protect property, the environment and the people were better off. While I sincerely and honestly wish that this were just a onetime occasion of government interference

destroying an ecosystem, that is not the case. Overwhelmingly, private interests are better at caring for the environment than government bureaucrats. In 1920, a government bounty was put on seals and sea lions on the Oregon coast. Bounty hunters would have earned over $120,000 a year in 2010, directly because of this government incentive. After all, the sea lion and seal populations were eating a lot of fish that was needed to feed people, which was hurting their economy and environment. This was just the government interfering in the economy and the environment to help the environment and economy. In 1927, R.E. Clanton purchased the largest sea cave and protected sea lions from bounty hunters. A few years later, he opened up the Sea Lion Caves to attract visitors. Now, each year over 200,000 people visit the Sea Lion Caves, and since 1964 the sea lion population has quadrupled. By privatizing a cave, previously a “common good,” one person has been able to essentially save sea lions in Oregon. This freedom to acquire and protect private property has been both economically and environmentally beneficial. I was often told to leave a place better than how I had found it, and as a free market environmentalist, I plan on leaving this world both economically and environmentally better than when I arrived.

Don’t be fooled by myths about cannabis as legalization spreads Aaron

Fried Free Thought

Someday soon, marijuana will be legal everywhere. Prohibition, which has ruined the lives of millions of innocents, will be brought to an end. Over a trillion dollars has been wasted prosecuting a “War on Drugs,” which, according to the Washington Post, has led to the quadrupling of United States’ prison population since 1980. The public has turned against this abhorrent practice. In fact, a Gallup poll taken in October 2013 showed that 58 percent of Americans favor the legalization of marijuana; in 1969, 84 percent supported prohibition. Despite the recent political sea change towards marijuana, there is still meaningful opposition to its reintroduction to legality in American society. This stems mainly from a prohibitionist disinformation campaign that warped the public’s view of marijuana from the 1930s until very recently. The most conspicuous misconception is the word “marijuana” itself—the plant now known as marijuana is actually called cannabis. In order to gain popular support for outlawing the plant, Harry Anslinger—the lead prohibitionist—popularized its Mexican

Spanish name “marijuana” to evoke xenophobic reactions toward a new, foreign-sounding drug. In fact, however, cannabis was anything but foreign; it was frequently found in doctors’ medical bags and was ubiquitous as a home remedy to many Americans. Cannabis even remained in the U.S. pharmacopoeia until 1942, five years after its effective prohibition; it was regarded like any other plant with known medicinal properties. Now, cannabis’ medical benefits are constantly making news. While its analgesic effects have been known for centuries—Queen Victoria used cannabis to relieve menstrual cramps—many new uses for the plant have come to the forefront. The plant’s dual abilities to prevent nausea and stimulate hunger create a powerful tag-team to fight eating disorders and chemotherapy-induced vomiting. A shocking case this year involved Charlotte Figi, an eight-year-old girl, whose violent and life-threatening seizures were effectively treated by cannabis. More shocking, yet, are Harvard and Stanford Medical School studies which have shown that cannabinoids—the active chemicals in cannabis which get people high—seem to make cancer cells kill themselves. To prevent patients from accessing a medicinal plant this versatile is barbaric. Many advocates of prohibition have recognized this, and have directed the remainder of their effort toward the continued prohibition of recreational cannabis use. The prohibitionists have no scientific grounds to attack cannabis as a deadly toxin. According to the Schaffer

Library of Drug Policy, cannabis is 10,000 times less toxic than alcohol, and no one has ever overdosed from it. Instead, the tip of their argumentative spear is to demonize cannabis as a “gateway drug,” which, upon ingestion, leads users to experiment with new drugs like cocaine or heroin, which are both addictive and deadly. This argument is misleading. Cannabis has never been shown to cause the use of other drugs, by chemical means or otherwise. Cannabis use and usage of other drugs are correlated, but there are legitimate outside causes for this. Jacob Sullum of Reason Magazine, in a piece called “High Road,” explains these. First, he states that pot users are already forced to be lawbreakers, so they are not risking anything further by breaking the same law in a new way. Sullum also emphasizes that after people uses cannabis safely, they will realize that the propaganda they have been fed is wrong, and distrust what they were told about the real dangers of other drugs. Lastly, he explains that since people are buying cannabis on the black market, it is likely that their dealers will have no qualms about selling them more dangerous drugs. Note that all of these causes which contribute to the “gateway drug” theory are artifacts of cannabis prohibition and its supporting propaganda—not cannabis itself. Prohibitionists will still point to cannabis’ main effect, getting people high, as a problem itself. They worry that American youth will turn into drug-addled bums. This boils down to a fear of a Cheech & Chong sort of caricature of stoners, with no regard to the

actual reality of this situation. According to the National Organization for the Reform of Marijuana Laws, over 14 million Americans consume cannabis regularly; many of these people are working professionals who function normally. Burnout stoners, who make up a small portion of this group, should be viewed the same way that alcoholics are—as substance abusers. The vast majority of cannabis users, similarly, should be looked at the same way that Friday night drinkers are—as innocent people seeking enjoyment. Many other problems, such as the issue of drivers being impaired by cannabis, will have to be solved over time. Recent studies performed by CBS Seattle and Fox Denver, in collaboration with their local police authorities, attempted to explore what it means to be “too stoned to drive.” They found that it varied tremendously between person to person, with novice smokers being impaired by just a small quantity of cannabis, and medical patients able to drive satisfactorily at well over 12 times the legal limit of five nanograms per milliliter of urine. Despite the growing pains that will come from learning how to properly manage things like high driving, there will be many great things to come out of the end of cannabis prohibition. We will witness the rebirth of an entire industry. Entrepreneurs will create interesting new products, and will employ many people in the process. Organized crime will be cornered out of the cannabis market by legitimate businesses. Most importantly, innocent and peaceful people will no longer be thrown into cages for ingesting a plant.


placed 15th in the men’s 800-meter run at the Tufts University Snowflake Classic, with a finishing time of two minutes, 3.97 seconds. By HENRY LOUGHLIN JUSTICE SENIOR WRITER

JOSHUA LINTON/Justice File Photo

ON THE OUTSIDE: Cori Coleman '15 watches a pitch sail outside the strike zone in the team's victory over Clark University last April.

SOFTBALL: Women win one of two road games ance runs in the sixth on the first of her two home runs of the day. After a pair of singles from Nolan and right fielder Danielle Novotny ’16, Coleman had the ability to put the game away for the Judges. She brought home Nolan and Novotny with her sixth-inning home run, giving her 11 RBIs on the season. “It goes without saying that Amanda Genovese is truly an exceptional athlete and softball player,” said Moss. “I have all the faith in the world that she will extend her record for steals by a Brandeisian this season. Amanda is highly competitive, incredibly motivated, and a wonderful teammate.


Squads run well in rainy weather ■ Matthew Becker ’16

“She can steal bases at will and leaves our opponents reeling every time she gets on base. She is an extremely valuable asset to this team.” The nightcap featured a similar start after Coleman brought Genovese to home plate on an RBI single. However, Nolan failed to hold the lead, giving up an RBI single in the bottom of the second inning to tie the game. The game remained tied until the fourth inning when pitcher Emma Krulick ’17 took over in relief, surrendering a run on an RBI double by Eagles freshman catcher Casey Lopes. Melissa Soleimani ’17 then took the mound but the Eagles were able to tag her for two more runs in the sixth inning, the last runs of the day for the home squad.

APril 1, 2014




Coleman’s second home run of the day, a solo shot in the top of the sixth inning, was not enough to close the gap and the final score of 6-2 stuck. Even with the loss, Moss said the team has their practice cut out. “We will be working on fine-tuning some defensive communication that will be vital in our upcoming games against Wellesley [College],” she said. “We are a very close team that excels when we are relaxed and having fun.” After a long road trip and many weather postponements, the Judges are slated to make their first set of home appearances—weather permitting—in doubleheaders versus Wellesley tomorrow beginning at 3 p.m. and versus Endicott College on Thursday beginning at 3 p.m.

Given that the majority of the snow has finally melted from the ground, Saturday’s Snowflake Classic at Tufts University proved to be somewhat of a misnomer. However, with the persistent rain, adverse weather conditions still threatened to pose a challenge to Brandeis’ track and field squads. The Judges overcame the obstacles, though, to turn in fast times at their first outdoor track and field meet of the season. “It was the first outdoor meet this year, so it was good for the team to get back into the routine of competing after indoor season finished,” said Matthew Becker ’16, who competed in the men’s 800-meter run. “The rain and cold weather made it difficult to compete at our highest level, but everyone did a great job supporting one another and cheering though the tough weather conditions,” he continued On the men’s side, the 800-meter run featured a trio of competitors sporting Brandeis blue-and-white. Becker led the charge for the Judges, taking 15th in the event in two minutes, 3.97 seconds. Mohamed Sidique ’15 was 17th, just .09 seconds behind, in 2:04.06. Trevor Tuplin ’16 also competed in the event for the Judges, placing 30th and running 2:09.49 for the distance. In the men’s 1500-meter run, two Brandeis competitors turned in nearly identical finishes. Grady Ward ’16 completed the distance, dubbed the “metric mile,” in 4:11.09, which put him in 20th place. Matt Doran ’17 was right behind in 21st, going 4:11.20. Mark Franklin ’17 tied for 11th place in the men’s high jump with a leap of 1.73 meters. Meanwhile, Jonathan Gilman ’15 took ninth in the javelin, throwing 46.34 meters. The men’s 100, 200 and 400-meter dashes featured a host of competitors, many of whom also competed in other events. In the 100, Chi Tai ’17 took 53rd, running the length of the straightaway in 12.18 seconds. Adam Berger ’15 was 75th, completing the distance in 12.90 seconds. There was a role reversal, though, in the 200. Berger led the way for

Brandeis, finishing in 24.12 seconds for 27th place. Meanwhile, Tai took 60th in 25.55. Franklin also competed, placing 73rd in 26.95. Nick Wactor ’17 was Brandeis’ top runner in the 400, completing the one-lap race in 52.73 seconds for a 12th place finish. Jeremy Wilson ’17 managed 28th, timing in at 54.35. Berger completed his personal trio of events here, completing the distance in 55.71. Brandon Odze ’16 also took part, rounding out the field with a time of 1:00.37. While the women didn’t have a full team like their male counterparts— as only four members competed in two events—they managed to put forth some good performances. Maggie Hensel ’16 just missed cracking the five-minute barrier in the 1500, running 5:01.50 for 25th place. Teammate Molly Paris ’16 was 50th in the event, completing the distance in 5:28.19. Alyssa Fenenbock ’15 and Selena Livas ’16 put forth efforts of 29.60 meters and 19.03 meters in the javelin, which put them in 21st and 40th places, respectively. Though outdoor track features many of the same events as its indoor counterpart, Becker made it clear that there are a lot more variables in outdoor that can alter precompetition preparation. “With outdoor track the weather is random which really can affect you as an athlete whether it's hot or cold,” he said. “With indoor track, the conditions are always the same wherever you go, so you know exactly how to prepare for your race and what to prepare in. “Also, outdoor tracks are twice as long as indoor tracks, which means you have more time on the straights to build up your speed, turns that are not as sharp which allow you to keep your speed.” Following an indoor season in which the Judges hosted the University Athletic Association Indoor Track and Field Championships, Becker believes that the team’s experience and desire to improve will result in consistent progress throughout the outdoor season. “Our team is growing both in size and talent,” he said. “With three new and young coaches, we set high expectations for ourselves each and every day. “The team improves every week and with a lot of new runners being recruited to the team we certainly have a bright future ahead of us.” The Judges will be back at it this Saturday, competing at the American International College Yellow Jacket Invitational, which will be held at the University of Massachusetts, Lowell.


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Tuesday, APRIL 1, 2014





Runs Batted In

Not including Monday’s games. UAA Conference Overall W L W L Pct. Case 6 2 14 4 .778 Emory 6 2 19 8 .704 WashU 4 4 7 11 .389 JUDGES 2 6 7 9 .438 Rochester 2 6 5 10 .333 Chicago 0 0 3 9 .250

UPCOMING GAMES: Today at Tufts Tomorrow at Endicott Thurs. at at Rhode Island College

Tom McCarthy ’15 leads the team with 12 RBIs. Player RBIs Tom McCarthy 12 Brian Ing 11 Connor Doyle 9 Max Hart 7

Strikeouts Kyle Brenner ’15 leads all pitchers with 24 strikeouts. Player Ks Kyle Brenner 24 Elio Fernandez 12 Colin Markel 7 James Machado 6



Not including Monday’s games.

Runs Batted In

UAA Conference W L Emory 5 3 WashU 5 3 Case 5 3 JUDGES 3 5 Rochester 2 6 Chicago 0 0

W 29 16 12 10 5 10

Overall L Pct. 6 .829 9 .640 8 .600 6 .625 7 .417 0 .1000

Anya Kamber ’15 leads the squad with 16 RBIs. Player RBIs Anya Kamber 16 Liana Moss 13 Danielle Novotny 13 Cori Coleman 12

Strikeouts Samantha Wroblewski ’17 leads all pitchers with 25 strikeouts.

UPCOMING GAMES: Tomorrow vs. Wellesley (DH) Thurs. vs. Endicott (DH) Tues., Apr. 8 at Lasell (DH) *DH=Doubleheader

Player Ks Samantha Wroblewski 25 Emma Krulick 17 Nikki Cote 16 Melissa Nolan 15

TRACK AND FIELD Results from the Snowflake Classic at Tufts University.



400-METER DASH TIME Nick Wactor 52.73 Jeremy Wilson 54.35 Adam Berger 55.71 Brandon Odze 1:00.37

1500-METER RUN TIME Maggie Hensel 5:01.50 Molly Paris 5:28.19 JAVELIN THROW LENGTH Alyssa Fenenbock 29.60m Selena Livas 19.03m


The men’s and women’s track and field teams will travel to the AIC Yellowjacket Invitational at the University of Massachusetts Lowell on Sat.

TENNIS Updated season results.



MEN’S SINGLES Michael Secular




MEN’S DOUBLES Arguello/Lubarsky


WOMEN’S DOUBLES Bernstein/Lazar


UPCOMING MEET: The men’s and women’s tennis teams will both travel to Babson College for their next meets, with the women playing tomorrow at 3 p.m. and the men playing on Thursday at 3 p.m.

GRACE KWON/the Justice

OUT AND ABOUT: Karina Patil ’16 rides in the Walk-Trot-Canter division at the Regional Championships held this past Saturday.

Equestrian Team sends seven to regional event ■ The team sent seven riders to this past weekend’s Regional Championships against Boston-area schools. By Avi Gold Justice EDITOR

In many ways, the Equestrian Team stands apart from all other club sports. Few allow their members to compete as individuals at an intercollegiate meet, square off against a host of riders from different divisions or are expected to host an all-day meet. The Equestrian Team, however, has the chance to do all three. The club, which competes against other equestrian teams from the Boston area as part of the Intercollegiate Horse Show Association meets twice a week at August Farm in Holliston, Mass. to build skills and prepare for the year’s seven shows. Club president Maddy Brown ’14 explained the reasoning behind the trip. “Each member is required to take one lesson a week … and we try to group [lessons] based on riding experience,” she said. “Our coach, Katie [Bobola], teaches all the lessons and it’s great to have such a knowledgeable person help us.” The Equestrian Team took part in

five shows last semester and four during the spring semester, all of which led toward a spot in last weekend’s Regional Championships. Seven members of the team attended the competition and Hannah Wulkan ’16 walked away with a toptwo finish in the Walk-Trot-Canter division. With her finish, she secured a spot in next weekend’s Zone Championships, a hopeful stepping stone to the national competition. In an equestrian show, riders compete at five levels: Walk-Trot, WalkTrot-Canter, Novice, Intermediate or Open. Each successive level increases in difficulty. Walk-Trot requires a rider to only ride a walking or trotting horse while Open is divided between flat class, similar to Walk-Trot, and jumping class, which challenges a rider to traverse a predetermined course involving anywhere from six to 10 jumps. “Based off how much experience [a rider] has coming into college, they get placed into one [level,]” said Brown. “[Riders] accumulate points at each horse show and once they get 36 points [total across all events] they get to move up to the next division.” As part of the IHSA, the club is expected to host a yearly meet—the Brandeis Horse Show—which took place last October at the August Farm. Brown took fourth in the flat class

of the open division, riding in a course against the top level of riders defined by its lack of jumping requirement. “Most of the day for us is just keeping the horses ready and making sure [the horses] are in the right classes” said Brown. “We have to both run the show and get on and ride.” “It’s super fun, but it’s a really long day because warm ups start at 7:30 in the morning and we get to the barn at 6 a.m. and we’re there until 4 p.m.” Although the majority of the team has completed their events for the year, Brown has gained much more from the Equestrian Team than just a chance to compete. “Our relationship with other teams in the region is really cool … I’ve become really good friends with people on the other teams,” she said. “That sense of camaraderie not only between the team but between everyone competing is something I’d like to see continue.” Even as her time with the club comes to an end, Brown has confidence in the clubs ability to grow. “It’s not so much that we have people in a higher division, it’s that the people we have are more dedicated,” she said. —Editor’s Note: Hannah Wulkan ’16 is an editorial assistant for the News section of the Justice.

PRO SPORTS BRIEF Boston Bruins clinch Atlantic Division title with wins over Washington Capitals and Philadelphia Flyers The Boston Bruins clinched the inaugural Atlantic Division title with a pair of road wins over the weekend, extending a franchise-best road winning streak to nine games in the process. The Bruins traveled to Washington, D.C. on Saturday afternoon and left with a 4-2 win over the Washington Capitals to clinch the division title. The team followed the divisionclincher with a 4-3 shootout victory over the Philadelphia Flyers on Sunday afternoon. Center Patrice Bergeron led the way for Boston on Sunday with his 27th goal of the season, a wrist shot at 11 minutes, five seconds into the second period that handed the team a 3-2 lead over the Flyers. Defensemen Zdeno Chara and Andrej Meszaros also scored for

the Bruins. Meanwhile, the team could not stop Flyers center Vincent Lecavalier, who registered two goals for the hosts. Meszaros was acquired from the Flyers just prior to last month’s trading deadline, adding a new dimension to the Bruins defense. Right wing Reilly Smith took a shot at 10:43 of the first period that deflected wide of the net. Defenseman Dougie Hamilton then picked up the puck along the half boards and poked it toward left wing Brad Marchand near the net. Marchand fired off a pass to an isolated Meszaros in the slot, who then ripped a snap shot past Flyers goalie Steve Mason to tie the game at one goal apiece. While neither team could break through during regulation or over-

time, Bruins goalie Tuukka Rask nearly coughed up the game in the fifth round of the shootout. Rask, in facing a quickly approaching Flyers right wing Jakub Voracek, attempted to poke the puck away from the approaching winger. Voracek successfully pulled the puck away from Rask’s stick—causing the Bruins goalie to fall to the ice—but could not get the puck around Rask’s right skate. Rask calmly kicked the puck back toward center ice to keep the shootout tied at one. The save proved to pay dividends as Smith registered a goal in the Bruins’ half of the round to hand the road team the win. For the Bruins, following a pair of goals from right wing Jarome Iginla to lead the way, Saturday’s victory

over the Capitals was much smoother than the shootout victory. Iginla scored both goals in the second period—part of a three-goal outburst for the Bruins—the second of which led him to eclipse the 30-goal mark for the 12th time in his 17 year National Hockey League career. Center Carl Soderberg added a power play goal for the Bruins while backup goalie Chad Johnson stopped 31 of 33 Capitals shots in the win for Boston. More importantly, the Bruins kept the league’s most efficient power play off the scoreboard. The Capitals went scoreless on eight shots over three power-play opportunities. With the game scoreless early in the second period, Soderberg took a slashing penalty that set up the Capitals’ best scoring opportunity

on the power play. Capitals center Alexander Ovechkin received the puck near the left circle and sent a blistering wrist shot at Johnson, who calmly caught the puck and corralled it into his chest, preventing any rebound. Iginla scored just two minutes later to give the Bruins the lead, one that would not be challenged over the course of the game. Bergeron netted his 26th goal of the season on the power play at the 13:17 mark of the third period to give the Bruins a 4-1 lead. The Bruins continue their road trip with divisional games against the Detroit Red Wings tomorrow and the Toronto Maple Leafs on Thursday evening. —Avi Gold



Page 16

GALLOPING AHEAD Maddy Brown ’14, president of the Equestrian Team, reflected on the team’s season thus far, p. 15.

Tuesday, April 1, 2014

Waltham, Mass.



Judges bested by late-inning rally ■ Cori Coleman ’15

smashed five hits, including a pair of home runs, over the course of the doubleheader to lead the team’s offense on the day. By DAN ROZEL JUSTICE STAFF WRITER

SHAYNA HERTZ/the Justice

HUGGING THE BASELINE: Simone Vandroff '15 sends a shot against Trinity College in the Judges 5-4 loss to the visiting Bantams.

Teams unable to gain a victory in home meets ■ Brian Granoff ’17 needed

all three sets in his singles match against Bowdoin College sophomore Luke Trinka, taking the final-set tiebreaker 10-8. By DANIEL KANOVICH JUSTICE STAFF WRITER

After the men’s and women’s tennis teams both surged to a No. 24 national ranking, the Judges failed to find success in their weekend matches at home, stumbling to a combined 0-3 record for the week. Both teams had their work cut out for them heading into the weekend. The women fell to No. 7 ranked Bowdoin College 5-3 on Sunday and to No. 14 ranked Trinity College 5-4 on Saturday while the men struggled against No. 12 Bowdoin on Saturday in a 6-2 loss. Sunday’s match at Babson College, however, was cancelled for the men due to inclement weather. With the losses, the women drop to 3-7 overall while the men fall to 5-4 overall on the season. The women, in a home match against Bowdoin on Sunday, fell behind early in the match. Carley Cooke ’15 and Simone Vandroff ’15 managed to pull off the only doubles victory for the women on the day, winning 8-5. In the next three singles matches, the women managed just one more victory. Cooke rallied back and defeated Bowdoin sophomore Tiffany Cheng—ranked seventh in the region in singles competition—by a

score of 4-6, 6-0, 6-2. Emily Eska ’16 then brought the women to within a point with her victory in singles play over Bowdoin freshman Samantha Stalder by a score of 6-3, 3-6, 6-4. However, the Judges dropped the next match and fell to Bowdoin 5-3. The men also hosted Bowdoin a day earlier and likewise struggled to find success against their higherranked opponent—even though the match got off to a promising start. Michael Arguello ’17 and Danny Lubarsky ’16 found themselves in a heated doubles match to start the day. They repeatedly jumped ahead by significant margins in the match, leading 4-1 and 7-4 at two different points, only to watch Bowdoin storm back and cut the lead in both instances against the Judges. Lubarsky thought their inability to put away the match might have been due to lapses in focus. “The mindset was really the same as any other match,” he said. “We know we are a very solid team as long as we do the little things well. Return low, high first serve percentage and move freely at the net. We started off very well but lost a little focus at some points.” The duo, locked in an 8-8 tie, moved into a tiebreaker where the Judges jumped out to a quick lead yet again. This time, though, they held on and won the first match of the day 9-8, 7-5 in the tiebreaker. Arguello shared the key factors that allowed them to persevere through the nearly two-hour match. “My doubles partner and I try to keep our game plans simple and focus on a few things,” he said. “This mindset, along with our

competitive spirits, helped us finally close out the match.” The men could not capitalize on the momentum from the win and dropped their next two doubles matches. The squad then fell in straight sets at the first, fourth and sixth singles courts to give Bowdoin the match-clinching fifth win over the Judges. Lubarsky thought that despite the tougher challenge against a higher seed, they could have performed better against Bowdoin. “I think that Bowdoin was a real tough team; they are ranked that high for a reason,” he said. “At the same time, I think they were beatable, but it would have required a solid team effort. We could have performed better as a group. Against a good team like that we need all seven starters at top form.” The women also played on Saturday, going up against Trinity College in a match that went back and forth between the two teams. Allyson Bernstein ’14 and Marissa Lazar ’14 earned the women’s only doubles victory on the day, an 8-1 victory on the second court. The Judges, trailing 2-1 after doubles play, traded victories until the match was tied at 4-4, setting up a deciding match between Eska and Trinity senior Elizabeth Gerber. After three sets, Gerber came out on top 6-4, 5-7, 7-5, giving Trinity the victory over Eska. The women look to bounce back in a road match at Babson on Wednesday, and then host the Nor’easter Bowl this Friday to Sunday. The men will next compete at Clark University on Friday and Wheaton College on Sunday.

The softball team fought their way to a split in their latest doubleheader against Husson University on Saturday in Orono, Maine—their only game of the week due to weather postponements. The Judges took the first game by a score of 9-4 but fell in the second game 6-2, moving to 10-6 overall on the season. The Judges had several standout players throughout both games, highlighted by an offensive outburst from catcher Cori Coleman ’15, who had five hits on the day. Coleman played catcher in the first game and took second base in the second game, going five for seven on the day with five RBI and four runs scored, including a pair of home runs. The pair of home runs were her first and second on the season. Outfielder Amanda Genovese ’15 also contributed a standout performance, hitting four for eight and adding three more stolen bases to extend the Brandeis record for stolen

bases to 98. Genovese’s three steals brought her season total to 19 in just 16 games. Second baseman Liana Moss ’17 said she thought the two games showed the offensive capabilities of the Judges. “We consistently prove that we are one of the best hitting teams in the Northeast,” she said. “From the top of our lineup to the bottom, we perform offensively. Hitting is incredibly mental and I believe that everyone is in a very good mindset at this point in the season.” Brandeis scored the first run of both games but had to come from behind to grab the victory in the opener of the doubleheader. Husson junior pitcher Kayla Merrill and sophomore right fielder Allison Hill broke a 1-1 tie in the bottom of the second with an RBI triple and an RBI single to give Husson a 4-1 lead. From there, pitcher Melissa Nolan ’14 surrendered just two more hits and pitched a stellar game to give Brandeis the opportunity to win. The Judges narrowed the gap in the top of the third inning after a tworun single by shortstop Anya Kamber ’15. Nikki Cote ’15 then provided the game-tying hit. Merrill fell apart in the top of the fifth after surrendering back-to-back singles and consecutive walks, one of which led to the game winning RBI. The Judges then never looked back. Coleman added some insur-

See SOFTBALL, 13 ☛


Men split road games at regional opponents ■ The squad could only

muster six hits in Friday’s loss to MIT. By ELAN KANE JUSTICE STAFF WRITER

The baseball team ran its record to 7-9 overall last week with a 6-0 road loss to the Massachusetts Institute of Technology on Friday and a 8-2 road win over Salem State University this past Monday. The Judges fell behind early in Friday’s contest, surrendering four runs over the course of the first three innings. Though each of the top five batters in the Brandeis lineup registered a hit, the Judges were unable to string together a run. MIT, on the heels of a two-out RBI single from freshman catcher Kendall Helbert, added two more insurance runs in the seventh inning to increase its lead to six runs. That was more than the Engineers would need in an eventual 6-0 victory. The Judges used seven pitchers in the loss and no pitcher threw more than two innings. First baseman Kyle Brenner ’15 explained that the team’s fundamentals were lacking in Friday’s loss. “We were trying to do too much and fell away from the little things,” Brenner said. Last Monday’s game against Salem State was a different story for Brandeis. The Judges took the lead in the second inning when right fielder Max Hart ’16 drove in second baseman Rob Trenk ’15 on a groundout. Brandeis added another run in the

fourth inning but Salem State responded with a run of their own to make the score 2-1. The Judges then broke the game open with three runs in the top half of the fifth inning. Center fielder Liam O’Connor ’16 hit an RBI double to score designated hitter Dan Gad ’14 while Hart followed right after with a single to drive in a pair of runs. Brandeis added another run to their lead in the sixth inning when third baseman Greg Heineman ’16 hit a RBI triple to bring home first baseman Tom McCarthy ’15. Though Salem State responded in the bottom half of the sixth inning with a run, Brandeis kept their offense going, scoring two more runs in the seventh to put the game away at 8-2. Brenner, who started the game, was dominant throughout, pitching eight innings, allowing just one earned run and striking out two batters to gain his second win of the season. Brenner said that he simply focused on throwing strikes. “I felt pretty good. It's difficult to make the transition from Florida to the cold in terms of your arm so I just tried to throw strikes and we hit when we needed to and played a pretty clean game defensively,” Brenner said. Though Brandeis has three games in as many days this week, Brenner said he is confident the team will play well in the upcoming games. “We got a lot of reps this weekend in practice and are ready for hopefully a week full of games,” Brenner said. The Judges are back in action today in a road game against Tufts University at 3 p.m.

JustArts Volume LXVI, Number 24

Your weekly guide to arts, movies, music and everything cultural at Brandeis and beyond

Tuesday, April 1, 2014

Waltham, Mass.

‘Lights, camera, Latex: The show Without Boundaries’ takes art to a new level, P.20


Brandeis Players stage a version of


The Rose sees the opening of Maria Lassnig and Mary Reid

WBRS and Student Events announce annual festival lineup » 23





TUESDAY, April 1, 2014 | THE JUSTICE




What’s happening in Arts on and off campus this week

ON-CAMPUS EVENTS Love Between the Covers

Filmmaker and Women’s Studies Research Scholar, Laurie Kahn will present her almost-finished film about the global community of women who write, read and love romance fiction. After screening segments of the film, she will take the audience behind the scenes into the making of the film, showing the audience how the film fits into the larger Popular Romance Project. Today from 12:30 to 2:30 p.m. at the Women’s Studies Research Center in the Epstein Lecture Hall.

Curator Talk: Katy Siegel

Curator-at-large Katy Siegel discusses her curatorial practice and how it relates to the first iteration of the Rose Projects series, The Matter That Surrounds Us: Wols and Charline von Heyl. Tuesday from 5 to 7 p.m. at the Rose Art Museum.

Gabby Lamm ’17 Producer of ‘1984’ discusses her process JOSH HOROWITZ/the Justice

A Reading by Caleb Crain

This week, justArts spoke with Gabby Lamm ’17, the producer of Brandeis Players’ production of 1984, written by Michael Gene Sullivan and adapted from the novel by George Orwell.

Caleb Crain’s Necessary Errors was widely praised as one of the best first novels of 2013. The New York Review of Books hailed it as “a powerful entry in the great fictional exploration of the meanings of liberation,” and the Los Angeles Review of Books called it “one of the best American novels of the past decade.” Crain is also the author of the scholarly work American Sympathy: Men, Friendship, and Literature in the New Nation and a regular contributor to the New York Times Book Review, The Nation and The New Yorker. Crain’s reading from Necessary Errors will be followed by an interview with Prof. John Plotz (ENG), chair of the English Department. Several copies of the novel will be given away in a drawing, and the event will be followed by a signing. Wednesday from 2 to 5 p.m. in the presentation room of the Shapiro Campus Center Admissions Center.

JustArts: Is this your first show at Brandeis? Gabby Lamm: It’s one of the first shows that I’ve had such a leadership role in. I assistant stage-managed a show last semester and assistant produced a show last semester but this semester was the first time I had a real role as a producer. JA: What goes into producing a show? GL: It’s funny that you ask that. Because a lot of people [say to me], “Oh, you’re a producer. What do you do?” Producers do most of the behind-the-scenes things. We reserve rehearsal spaces, we make sure tickets are working out; we’re in charge of the budgets. We organize the coffeehouse (which is a big role), we put together the programs and make sure we have programs and posters and things like that. So we do a lot of the advertising things and a lot of the technical [aspects]. [We deal with] what’s necessary for the actors to rehearse. JA: Did you run into any problems with the producing aspects? GL: There are always little things where you have to mediate conflicts. For me it was a little bit hard because I am a first-year. A lot of our [production] staff was firstyears so it wasn’t too bad. But I had to make sure to balance respecting people who have more experience in theater than I do and who know more than I do [with] making sure that they recognize that there are certain situations where I need to be in charge and I need make sure they’re doing their jobs. We also struggled a little bit finding people to fill positions in the [production] staff. JA: What was your favorite part of being a producer? GL: I really liked being able to be involved in everything. I got to sit in rehearsals; I got to be involved in tech week. It really depends on who’s producing. For me, I’m really hands-on because I really love theater and I really want to be involved in the production. So I did try to go to rehearsals once a week and I organized meetings with the [production] staff once a week. So my favorite part was being able to do everything. But [I also liked] having the flexibility—not having to be at rehearsal from 7 to 11 [p.m.] every day of the week. I could fit it into my schedule so it would be easier for me to do other things as well. JA: Have you read the book? How do you think it compares? GL: I have read the book. It’s actually one of my favorite books so I was really excited when Sarah Waldron [’17], the director, asked me to produce it. The story is the same but the construct is entirely different. So the book walks you through the story, it goes chronologically…. where as [in] the play, all of it takes place in the interrogation room that you only see at the end of the novel. And the party members re-enact all of Winston’s experiences and his dreams and so it’s much more immediate (I think) and as one of the [assistant stage managers] put it, “psychologically thrilling.” So while the story is the same it’s entirely two different things. JA: Where do you plan on going after this in terms of doing other shows and trying out other aspects of theater? GL: I’m already on a couple proposals for next semester that people are proposing to different groups. I am definitely going to stay involved in theater. I am already over committed for next semester. But I just love it so much and I love the people and I love being able to see a production from start to finish and literally go from before auditions. [Going] from talking about ideas for the show to today [this Sunday], taking down the set after a week of performances. It’s just so cool to see that process and it makes me feel very productive. But just seeing how good people are at what they do, especially at the college level, it’s just such a cool thing to be able to witness. I might branch out into other things. I did direct this semester. I might stage manage at some point but right now for next semester the only things people have asked me to do are produce so that’s mostly what I’ll be doing.

—Emily Wishingrad

Artist Talk: Charline Von Heyl

Artist Charline von Heyl discusses her work in conversation with curatorat-Large Katy Siegel. Von Heyl’s paintings and collages are featured in the first iteration of the Rose Projects series, The Matter That Surrounds Us: Wols and Charline von Heyl. Wednesday from 6 to 7 p.m. at the Rose Art Museum. This event is free and open to the public.

‘Killer and Me’

The story follows Rachel and Ted, two very opposed people in their views and professions, who by coincidence end up meeting. =This dark romantic comedy will make people laugh, sometimes when they don’t want to, and throws into disarray and mocks the well-worn tropes of the romantic comedy. The show is produced by Brandeis Ensemble Theater. Friday from 8 to 11 p.m. in the Shapiro Campus Center Theater.

Mr. Brandeis Pageant

The event, organized by Relay for Life and Student Events will raise proceeds for Brandeis Relay for Life. Judges and contestants will be announced through Facebook. Thursday from 7 to 10 p.m. in Levin Ballroom.

‘Interrupted, a Theater Piece in Pieces’

Interrupted, a Theater Piece in Pieces is an original piece by Sarah Bedard MFA ’14 inspired by Susanna Kaysen’s Girl, Interrupted, as well as the stories of other women who spent time in McLean Hospital. This event is part of the department of Theater Arts Studio Series and is free and open to the public. Seating is limited so we suggest you arrive early to secure a seat. The house generally opens 15 to 30 minutes prior to the performance time. Thursday, Friday and Saturday at 8 p.m. and Sunday at 2 p.m. in

the Merrick Theater of the Spingold Theater Center


To Be Global/ Prácticas


Permission To Be Global/Prácticas Globales debuts in New England 60 contemporary Latin American works from the collection of Ella FontanalsCisneros, founder of the CIFO Art Foundation in Miami. Featuring sculpture, painting, photography, video, installation and performance art from 1960 to the present, the exhibition explores how avant-garde artists from the Caribbean and Central and South America have become integral to discourses on international contemporary art after years of exclusion from institutions at home and abroad. Four thematic sections—Power Parodied, Borders Redefined, Occupied Geometries and Absence Accumulated together offer critical understandings of what it means to be global today. Showing until July 13 in the Lois Foster Gallery at the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston. Admission is $25 for adults, $23 for seniors and free with a Brandeis ID.

‘The Shape She Makes’

An ensemble of 10 fuse movement and dialogue in this intriguing theatrical hybrid that explores the continual impact of childhood experiences on our adult lives in this world-premiere piece as Quincy, a precocious 11-year old seeks to understand what she’s inherited from her absent father and neglectful mother. Showing through April 27 at the OBERON in Cambridge. The show has mature content and is appropriate for ages 14 and up. Tickets range from $25 to $45.

Pop Culture n !

ww Though there seemed to be a lull in big Tinseltown news these past couple weeks, it looks like the gossip mill has finally started churning again. First things first, folks—Mila Kunis is pregnant! Last Sunday, E! Online broke the news that the actress and her fiancé Ashton Kutcher, 36, are expecting a child together. Kunis, 30, reportedly attended a prenatal yoga class in Hollywood just prior to E! Online’s confirmation of her pregnancy. You may recall that this pop culture column had traced all of the false-alarm engagement rumors that had plagued the Kutcher/Kunis romance until last month’s revelation that they became engaged for real. The two were first linked back in April 2012, and they have never been all that shy about their public displays of affection. Kutcher was still legally married to Demi Moore (their divorce was not finalized until this past November) when he started dating Kunis. He and Kunis go way back, however—they starred as characters Kelso and Jackie in the popular sitcom That ’70s Show in the early 2000s— though they did not begin dating until years after the series ended. From onscreen couple to engaged and expecting, I can almost hear the collective swooning of all those That ’70s Show fans. In other celebrity baby news, celebrity gossip outlet JustJared reported that Christina Aguilera finally confirmed her pregnancy on Friday while attending an event in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. At the same time, the singer, 33, revealed that she is expecting a girl with her fiancé, film producer Matt Rutler, 28. Though news outlets began reporting on Aguilera’s pregnancy last month, this is the first time she has confirmed the news herself. Aguilera already has a sixyear-old son, Max, with her ex-husband Jordan Bratman. Last Tuesday, Gwyneth Paltrow and Coldplay front man Chris Martin announced their separation after more than 10 years of marriage. Paltrow, 41, officially broke the news on her lifestyle website, under the title “Conscious

By Mara Sassoon


FIST FIGHT: People magazine reported that Zac Efron got involved in a fight on Skid Row. Uncoupling.” Paltrow and Martin, 37, married back in 2003 in a secret wedding. Together, they are parents to daughter Apple, 9, and son Moses, 7. The couple’s split was made all the more surprising after they were spotted vacationing together on the island of Eleuthera in the Bahamas. Our last piece of Hollywood gossip gets a bit bizarre. Months after Zac Efron broke his jaw (supposedly from slipping on a puddle and falling), the actor suffered yet another injury. On Thursday, People Magazine confirmed that, around midnight on Sunday, March 23, Efron became embroiled in a fight with two vagabonds in the Skid Row area of downtown Los Angeles and

was punched in the jaw in the process. But what was Efron doing there? The Los Angeles Police Department confirms that the actor and another male (who numerous media outlets claim was Efron’s bodyguard) allege that their vehicle ran out of gas and they were waiting for a tow truck. Supposedly, a bottle was thrown out of Efron’s vehicle and landed near the two transients, which spurred the fight. No one was arrested. Efron, who completed rehab treatment almost a year ago for drug and alcohol abuse, was seen in good spirits the following evening at a comedy show with friends. There you have it—this week’s roller coaster of pop culture news.

ARTS COVER IMAGES: MORGAN BRILL, JOSH HOROWITZ and BRI MUSSMAN/the Justice, Creative Commons and Photo Courtesy of Maria Lassnig. DESIGN: MORGAN BRILL/the Justice.


THE JUSTICE | TUESDAY, April, 1 2014


art exhibit

‘Rose Video 03’ opens with artist lecture By emily wishingrad justice editor

On Tuesday, the Rose Art Museum saw the openings of four video installation pieces, introduced together under the name Rose Video 03: Maria Lassnig and Mary Reid Kelley. The installations are staged in and directly outside of the Lee Gallery, replacing Josephine Meckseper’s “Mall of America,” which closed on March 16. Lassnig’s “Chairs” (1971) and “Art Education” (1976) are displayed right outside the gallery, shown on two small, adjacent screens. The viewing stations are also equipped with wireless headphones for their respective soundtracks. “Chairs” portrays four minutes of playfully animated chairs. The chairs sway, bend and morph into different forms. Prof. Lori Cole (FA), the curator of the exhibit, said in the pamphlet accompanying Rose Video 03 that in the video, “the chair is not just a receptacle, but a stand-in body itself, freely moving, eroticized and playful.” At times, the chairs look humanlike—one chair’s legs turn into the elongated, graceful legs of a dancer. The chairs, all various shapes, sizes and colors, seem to have different personalities as they each move to their own beat. At one point, the cushion of one of the chairs lifts up and becomes something like an animate occupant of the chair, a huge of the occupant popping out from over the backrest. At the end of the film, the jubilant images are interrupted by live-action footage of a menacing human figure wearing a gas mask. Cole comments in the pamphlet that through this sudden change in aesthetics, “The violence of the mask, an appendage as alien as those in Lassnig’s wiggling animations, is mimicked in the quick cut that concludes the film.” The 16-minute video “Art Education” presents a humorous contrast to the slightly frightening ending of “Chairs.” The video depicts iconic works of art, animated so that the figures depicted were able to move and speak. Lassnig’s video was incredibly humorous as she imagined what the figures like Leonardo da Vinci’s “Mona Lisa” and Michelangelo’s “The Creation of Adam” would say if able to speak.

Inside the Lee Gallery are Reid Kelley’s video installations “Queen’s English” (2008) and “You Make Me Iliad” (2010). The two videos are presented on adjacent walls and screenings alternate between the two. “Queen’s English” is narrated by a military nurse during the World War I, speaking completely in prose poetry, relaying her experiences. The film looks completely hand-drawn with extremely prominent shading techniques that make the images, especially the nurse, disconcerting. Reid Kelley’s signature use of unmoving and bulging eyes on her characters creates an even more creepy feeling as the characters stare straight into the audience. Kelley creates these eyes by attaching spherical goggles to her actor’s eyes, allowing for a pop-out effect. Kelley’s “You Make Me Iliad” portrays a military brothel during the war. Reid Kelley’s characters faces are painted white and decorated with black geometric shapes. And yet again, the characters had the same creepy, bulging eyes. Although the figures looked like cartoons, their voices were very realistic and clear. As Reid Kelley would note in her lecture on Tuesday evening at the Rose, it was through these cartoonish faces that she attempted to “[remove] the individual and [replace] it with stereotype or cliché.” On the evening of the opening of Rose Video 03, artist Mary Reid Kelley and her husband, Patrick Kelley, gave the audience an inside look into the inspiration to her videos as well as a glance into the process of creating them. While Reid Kelley is credited with the videos—she creates the ideas for the images that go on the screen—her husband deals with the technical aspects of filming and editing computerized images of the film. Reid Kelley began by talking about their trip to France and Belgium, a trip which sparked her interest in World War I, her inspiration for the videos. Embarking on her journey, she did not know the outcome of the project she would eventually produce. “It was an open-ended experiment,” she explained. The Kelleys visited memorials commemorating the lost soldiers and their graveyards, mak-


EYE SEE YOU: Mary Reid Kelley’s “You Make Me Iliad” portrays a woman working in a brothel during World War I. In the slightly disconcerting video, characters with bulging and static eyes speak in prose poetry. ing rubbing prints of the text displayed. Reid Kelley used the words she rubbed in her videos—integrating the language into the poems spoken by her characters. During her research in Europe, Kelley often came across records discussing military brothels, inspiring the brothel scene in “You Make Me Iliad.” However, Reid Kelley noted that she could find absolutely no first person records of the sex workers themselves. The information that she was able to acquire came from male soldiers, medical officers and the accounts of the women, years later, reflecting on their time in brothels. Reid Kelley noted that although her project shed light on the subject of brothels during the war, the story is not complete. In the final portion of the lecture, Reid Kelley discussed the production process. All the filming was conducted in the couple’s living room against a green screen in order to allow more

creativity with the sets. Kelley demonstrated his digitally constructed three-dimensional graphics that were substituted as backgrounds. He explained that the digital sets allowed them to create an ambiance that mimics German expressionist film. Reid Kelley’s approach to the lecture—explaining her inspiration, journey and process— gave context to her videos and created a basis for understanding them. The new installations at the Rose represent some of the newest in the modern art scene and University is extremely lucky to be able to acquire these innovative pieces in their infancy. The additional privilege of having these new upin-coming artists come speak to the community is an additional benefit not to be overlooked, as the lectures can add substantially to our understanding of these complex and innovative pieces.


Edmiston directs ‘Brundibar & But the Giraffe’ This week, JustArts spoke with Scott Edmiston, the director of the Office of the Arts. Edmiston is directing Brundibar & But the Giraffe, a production which combines Brundibar, an opera performed in the concentration camp Terezin during World War II, with a short play by Tony Kushner that aims to give historical context to the opera. The play is showing at the Central Square Theater in Cambridge from March 6th to April 6th.

Brundibar was smuggled into the camp. It’s inspired by real people and situations. A conductor named Rudolph Freudenfeld took the score to Terezin and the character of Rudy is based on him. I think But the Giraffe is extraordinary—it’s a simple story for children but can be simultaneously experienced by adults as “Theatre of the Absurd.” I visited Prof. Gannit Ankori’s (FA) “Art and Trauma” class and discussed it with Brandeis students. They had many

the production. So I’ve included the characters from Giraffe (act one) in Brundibar (act two). After intermission, Rudy conducts the performance as he actually did in Terezin. I hope the audience experiences the evening as one continuous story in a way that deepens their emotional journey. JA: What message do you imagine Brudibar sent to the people in Terezon and what purpose do you think it could have served?

JustArts: How did you get involved in directing Brundibar? Scott Edmiston: I usually direct two to four professional productions a year in Greater Boston. The Central Square Theater has approached me a few times before and, this time, the timing worked out. JA: What attracted you to the production? SE: I spent a day with playwright Tony Kushner when he received an honorary degree from Brandeis in 2006. He was the commencement speaker for the arts, and I introduced him. I mentioned his new translation of Brundibar and remembered it. He is so brilliant and funny and a deeply moral artist— I think he is our greatest living playwright. So I would eagerly direct anything associated with him. The story of Brundibar is really just a simple fairy tale, but the story surrounding the opera being performed at Terezin was compelling and very moving to me. I was intrigued by the challenge of finding a way to dramatically capture what it meant to the children in the camp. The idea that a work of art—music, theater—can sustain our humanity even in the most dehumanizing situation deeply resonates with me. JA: What do you think Tony Kushner’s But the Giraffe adds to the opera? SE: Kushner wrote this short play to help provide the historical context of the opera. In the play, which he calls “a curtain warmer,” he imagines how the score for

who oppresses the children. She said that, to them, he clearly represented Hitler. In the end, the children in the opera unite to defeat the bully. I believe its depiction of the triumph of good over evil helped give the prisoners courage and hope. JA: What are some of the creative licenses you took with directing Brundibar? SE: I gave our production what I call a frame. It begins in Terezin as if you were actually there and watching the children perform. Then, moment by moment, the fairy tale becomes more vivid and the audience is transported away from reality into the children’s imagination. The final moments return us to Terezin. Another thing that’s unique to our production is that there are three animal characters—a dog, cat and a bird—and I chose to have them performed as puppets rather than people in animal costumes. I think it adds to the sense of magic. JA: What can we learn from this performance today?


THEATRICAL DUO: Director of the Office of the Arts, Scott Edmiston (right) stands next to playwright Tony Kushner (left). Edimstion is directing a show that combines the opera Brundibar with Kushner’s short play, But The Giraffe, that is playing at the Central Square Theater in Cambridge. wonderful insights that helped me shape our interpretation. JA: In terms of integrating But the Giraffe, can you tell us how it fits into the opera? Is it presented separately or integrated into the performance? SE: Unique to our production, I was interested in connecting the two pieces. As a director, part of my role is to give unity to

SE: Ela Weissberger, a survivor of Terezin who performed Brundibar 55 times in the camp, came to our production. It was a great honor. She spoke to us about how the opera helped the children forget where they were for a while. When they were onstage, it was the only time they were allowed to take off their gold stars. And the symbolism of the piece resonated with them. Brundibar is the tale of a cruel organ-grinder, a bully,

SE: I hesitate to try to sum up all the possible meanings of the work—I hope each audience member will have a unique personal response. But there is something timeless and essential that Brundibar has to say about being diligent, about fighting cruelty, about the importance of standing up to injustice. Because in real life, bullies are not as easily defeated as they are in fairy tales. JA: Do you have any future plans to direct shows? SE: I have two projects lined up for next season—a new musical and an American classic. But of 60 or so plays and operas I’ve directed in Boston, Brundibar will always have a special place in my heart. I loved working with the 32 children in the cast and the opportunity to honor the musicians, artists and children whose lives and deaths are part of its legacy. It’s been a privilege.

—Emily Wishingrad


TUESDAY, april 1, 2014 | THE JUSTICE


Lights, Camera, Latex! Pirates of the Caribbean FernGully – Magický Prales RUNWAY: The World of Pixar Prince of Egypt Grease The Rocky Horror Picture Show The Veldt: The World that the Children Made RUNWAY: And the Oscar Goes To… Adurna Snow White and the Three Divas

Annual Liquid Latex show goes to the movies for 2014 By Alexandra zELLE Rettman justice Staff writer

When the doors of Levin Ballroom opened last Tuesday night at 7:30 p.m., hundreds of members of the Brandeis community were already waiting outside. Over 500 students, faculty, staff, parents and friends crowded in to see Lights, Camera, Latex!: The Show Without Boundaries. Founded in the early 2000s as part of the Leonard Bernstein Festival of the Arts, the formerly titled “Body Art Fashion Show,” features models covered almost entirely in liquid latex paint. This seldom seen exhibition is a key aspect of what sets this show apart from other prominent arts performances on campus. “The artwork acts as the costumes for the different pieces. We use body paint because it is part of what makes Liquid Latex so unique. … The paint opens up our freedom for creativity and every year the performers consistently look different from the last. We can do things with the paint that we can’t do with clothing,” said coCoordinator Emily Beker ’15 in an interview with the Justice. Fourth year participant and current

board member Josh Waxenbaum ’14 added in his interview, “The artists who design the ‘costumes’ love to get to see their work come to life like this. It is rare that they get this kind of opportunity.” For over 12 years the Liquid Latex performance has been one of the most anticipated events of the year, drawing large audiences because of its innovative and bold artistry as well as its messages of unity and liberation. “Liquid Latex is important to the community because it emphasizes freedom and creativity. The club allows anyone to participate in some facet. The inclusivity is one of my favorite things about the club and why I think it is so important for our campus,” explained Beker. Waxenbaum elaborated on the importance of Liquid Latex to the Brandeis community stating, “Another important aspect is that it encourages people to accept themselves for who they are. We have a number of models with body types you would never see in a swimsuit magazine, but those people are the strongest inspiration for others.” Putting together the performance begins in the fall semester with the applications for individual piece ideas. These submissions are chosen based on a number of factors. “These include the qual-

ity of the application—how well thought out it is, the amount of effort they put into the designs and backstory—this is a strong indicator of how much effort the person will put into making the idea come to life. We also choose based on the mood of the piece. We like to have a balance of moods to suit everyone in the audience,” explained Waxenbaum. It needs to be clear that the applicants have meticulously crafted the movement and design of their pieces to fit within the show. This year the show had a very specific theme: movies. Lights, Camera, Latex! had a total of 11 pieces, each with its own designers, choreographers and models. The pieces included (in order of appearance): “Pirates of the Caribbean,” “FernGully—Magický Prales,” “RUNWAY: The World of Pixar,” “Prince of Egypt,” “Grease,” “The Rocky Horror Picture Show,” “The Veldt: The World that the Children Made,” “RUNWAY: And the Oscar Goes To…,” “Adurna” and “Snow White and the Three Divas.” From childhood fantasy to horror all the way to the Oscars, each audience member had a piece that they could recognize and enjoy in a new light. Through its noteworthy presentation, Liquid Latex has become

a campus favorite, allowing for artistic expression through dance and art as well as a providing a unique opportunity for models to strip off their clothes in public. When asked why Liquid Latex is important to her, Publicity Coordinator Nellie Spener ’17 answered, “It’s so fun and unique. When else will I have the opportunity to have my [naked body] out on stage with everyone I know cheering me on?” This year’s Liquid Latex was one of the best I have seen during my time at Brandeis. The theme pulled the individual pieces together into a cohesive performance with gorgeous designs and choreography that left the audience in awe. Adding to the beauty of the show was the amazing confidence that the models projected when they got on stage and the fun overall atmosphere that came with cheering on the models. The models, choreographers, designers and volunteers bring the art to life and make Liquid Latex the remarkable show that it is. Editor’s note: Associate Edditor Jessie Miller’15 is the treasurer of Liquid Latex, Rachel Hughes ’15, Deputy Editor, performed in the show and staff member Lilah Zohar designed a piece for the show.

THE JUSTICE JUSTICE || TUESDAY, TUESDAY, April, April 1, 2014 THE 1 2014



Photos by JOSH HOROWITZ/the Justice

IN THE SPOTLIGHT: Reno Kersey ’17 as Winston stands in the center of party members (from left to right): Samantha LeVangie ’15, Raustin Hernandez ’14, Ryan Millis ’15 and Gabe Guerra ’14.

‘1984’ depicts raw and intense emotions By BrittAny joyce justice editor

PARTY POLITICS: Three party members played by (from left to right): Samantha LeVangie ’15, Raustin Hernandez ’14 and Ryan Millis ’15 demonstrate the metaphorical suffocation of Big Brother’s reign.

REACH UP: Reno Kersey ’17 starred as Winston Smith, the subject of the violent interrogations of O’Brien and four party members.

Brandeis Players staged 1984 this weekend, a play production of the classic George Orwell novel written by Michael Gene Sullivan. While the cast conveyed the intensity and emotion required for the serious material, the execution of the play at times left me baffled. The play centers on Winston Smith (Reno Kersey ’17), as four “party members” and their diabolical leader O’Brien (Brian Dorfman ’16) interrogate him. Winston lives in the “future” year 1984 in the state of Oceania, which is run by the omnipotent Big Brother. The play begins at the point in the novel in which the thought police capture and interrogate Winston. As Winston recounts his “thought crimes” and his treasonous actions, four party members re-enact the past events of the novel, as Winston tells them or as they read them from Winston’s diary. All the while, an acerbic voiceover reminds Winston to “be precise.” The voice felt most jarring the first time Winston was electrocuted, as strobe lights flickered and Kersey writhed on the floor, with the voice still using the same flat, condescending tone. Director Sarah Waldron ’17 wrote in her director’s note, “This is not the play for the faint hearted,” which proves to be true— as the show progresses, Winston is tortured more and more, and it becomes harder and harder to watch. By the end, O’Brien massages a broken Winston, as he drools and mumbles. Kersey was committed to his role, giving a visceral performance. One of the problems presented by the strong emotions and intensity of the play was that this often made the dialogue incomprehensible. Each

cast member would occasionally have this problem, but the one who suffered from this most was Kersey. At times the dialogue was not as important as the emotion Kersey was trying to display as Winston, and his wild speech reflected Winston’s loss of control over his life and mind. However, any time Kersey would yell or cry, what he was saying was hard to hear. In one scene, he describes the root of his huge fear of rats, but through his mumbled ranting I missed the story. Similarly, as one party member read aloud from Goldstein’s book, the infamous, evil and continuous enemy of Big Brother, which detailed the tenets behind Oceania’s foundation, the other party members stomped around the stage to act it out. Their actions did not match what was being read aloud, and it distracted from the important material discussing this dystopian society. The use of the party members also was convoluted and confusing at times. At first, the party members would act out passages from Winston’s diary in a flashback style. The flashbacks were indicated as the second party member, played by Samantha LeVangie ’15, would let down her hair to indicate a flashback was occurring. It became clear later, as Winston and the other party members joined in, that these scenes were taking place within the jail room, not just solely as an enactment of a past event. Whether this involvement with the re-enactment scenes developed over time or was always present was unclear, but the sudden transition left me feeling whiplashed. Some of the richer moments of 1984 came from this greater involvement between the party members and Winston. The party member

playing Winston during the flashback scenes once accidentally says, “I love her” of his fellow party member, who is playing Winston’s lover, instead of saying “he loves her.” This causes a fight to break out among the party members. At another moment, a party member is instructed to read from the illicit Goldstein book, and his fear is apparent. Others take their goal to “heal” Winston’s mind to heart, and show extreme discomfort as O’Brien tortures him. These emotional outbursts add another dimension to the otherwise interchangeable, unnamed characters. Turning to 1984’s logistics, the set, designed by Jessica Pizzuti ’15, was a simple design that did not change throughout the play. The stage was decorated with tall gray walls, a few low benches and the monitoring “telescreens” for Big Brother’s messages. The plain, gray walls reflected the prison setting that Winston remained in throughout the show. The screens were used rather awkwardly, however, as a party member would stand on a bench so that his face was in front of the screen, while a red or green light was projected on him. He would then speak as Big Brother, while the other party members congregated around to hear his message. At one point, one party member stood on a bench to speak and there was no light, leaving me unsure if this was a Big Brother speech with an error or just a zealous party member. 1984 was an unashamedly dramatic and intense show, with actors who were consumed by their characters’ raw emotions, but some difficulties caused the play to miss its mark. The message came through the torture scenes at full force with little subtlety—it truly was not for the faint of heart.

TUG OF WAR: Gabe Guerra ’14 and Samantha LeVangie ’15 playing two of the party members interrogating Winston act out a flashback scene of one of Winston’s crimes.

Do you enjoy museums, music, theater or movies?

Write for Arts! Contact Emily Wishingrad at

THE JUSTICE | TUESDAY, April 1, 2014



Icona Pop will headline 2014 Springfest By ADAM RABINOWITZ justice EDITOR

At the conclusion of its latest Thirsty Thursday event at the International Lounge in Usdan Student Center, Student Events rolled out the much anticipated lineup for Springfest 2014. Swedish disk jockey duo Icona Pop, featuring Caroline Hjelt and Aino Jawo, will headline the annual endof-year festival on Sunday, April 27. Hip-hop group Atmosphere, indie rock band American Authors and electronic music artist RJD2—a holdover from Student Events’ postponed winter concert—will round out the set list. Director of Concerts for Student Events Stefani Gospodinova ’14 explained in an interview with the Justice that the signing of Icona Pop for the concert fulfilled two of Sudent Events’ goals: to recruit a female headliner and to steer away from showcasing hip-hop artists who have typically taken the SpringFest stage. “We didn’t want a hip-hop artist because we’ve done that a lot in the past… and we knew we wanted a female headliner so we weren’t sure


I LOVE IT: This Thursday, WBRS and Student Events revealed the lineup for this year’s Springfest. The concert will be beach themed.

who, but then this was kind of like a perfect situation,” Gospodinova said. “They’re just getting off their tour with Miley Cyrus the week before, and then they’re free our weekend before they go home to Sweden… so we got super, super lucky.” In addition to the lineup of acts, Student Events also decided to break the traditional mold this year by introducing its new beach party theme. Chapels Field will be transformed into a beach village for the concert. According to Gospodinova, the field will be covered in sand, there will be water activities and an assortment of beach-inspired giveaways will be distributed to students throughout the course of the event. With a varied set list and plans to implement a large-scale theme, Student Events strives to not only provide a concert for the student body but actually something far greater. “We’re really adding a lot of new things and it’s not just going to be a concert… it is going to be an experience,” Gospodinova said. —Emily Wishingrad contributed reporting


‘Divergent’ follows a post-apocalyptic excursion By ilana kruger justice Staff writer

Based on Veronica Roth’s bestselling novel of the same name, the new film Divergent premiered last weekend, and now holds the top box office spot for the second weekend in a row, according to Rotten Tomatoes. Despite mixed critical reviews, the film is riding a recent wave of dystopian teenage-rebellion movies following the highly successful Hunger Games franchise. Divergent is set in a post-apocalyptic Chicago, where society is divided into five factions: Dauntless, Abnegation, Candor, Amity and Erudite. Each faction is introduced to viewers through voiceovers, but it is hard at first to keep them straight. The most important ones end up being Abnegation, Dauntless and Erudite. In this universe, each teenager takes a test to determine for which faction he or she is best suited. They are told to “trust the test,” but also that they are free to choose to join a different faction than the one their test tells them. Beatrice Prior, later known simply as Tris, has grown up with her parents and brother in Abnegation, not knowing if she fits into the selfless, charity-oriented faction. Played by The Descendants’ Shailene Woodley, Tris appears to be an observer rather than an active participant in her own life. Tris’ test results are inconclusive, and she is told that she is Divergent. She doesn’t fit into any faction, and the Erudite, who are trying to wrest control of the government from Abnegation, find these few abnormal minds dangerous. The next day at the choosing ceremony, after her brother shockingly chooses Erudite, Tris joins Dauntless, the city’s fearless protectors. It is in these scenes where the visual imagery of the movie is the most striking. The color scheme of the film is mostly grey, white and

black, in concordance with its dystopian theme. Dauntless members, dressed in all black, run through the streets like a demented army, jump on and off trains and hang out in their stronghold, “the Pit.” Once Tris joins Dauntless, her real personality begins to show. Despite some clichés, including the romantic tension between Tris and


her instructor, Four, watching Tris prove herself worthy of being part of Dauntless is entertaining. At first, Tris doesn’t have one specific skill to set her apart from the others. Her strength is in her mind rather than her body, and this is especially apparent when she begins mental training in the Fear Landscape. This is a sort of virtual reality in which

the trainees are put into a trance and forced to face their fears while one of the trainers watches their experiences on a screen. The visual effects here are impressive, and not overthe-top. Viewers are able to feel Tris’ fear from a flock of demonic crows and a wildfire, without any out-ofplace visuals. The sparse landscape, dusty and punctuated by barbed


CLIMBING THE LADDER: In post-apocalyptic Chicago, Tris (Shailene Woodley) tries to find her place even as she is labeled “Diver-

the Justice

wire fences, enhances the post-apocalyptic feel. Four, played by Theo James, who viewers might recognize from his brief but memorable role as the Turkish Kamal Pamuk on Downton Abbey, is the quintessential bad boy. He is technically Tris’ teacher, which adds some interesting intrigue to their romance, but is virtually ignored later. Little is known about Four until Tris joins his Fear Landscape, but even then, he comes across as an attractive love interest with a tough past. The two do have chemistry, but the romance seems contrived at times in the middle of the conspiracy plot. At the same time, the film drags on for almost two-and-a-half hours. After each new twist the film seemed like it would end to save some of the story for the next films, based on the novel’s sequels, since it is a projected trilogy. The film stays relatively close to the plot of the book until the ending. In the novel, the ending showcases Four’s intelligence, but in the film the ending scenes showcase his bravery and strength instead. Also unlike the novel, Tris’ fear of intimacy is played down in the film and her Dauntless friends are portrayed as cool instead of as awkward misfits. The score and soundtrack, which feature a few songs from Ellie Goulding, fit well with the film and do not detract from the story. Overall, the film is enjoyable, even if predictable. Tris’ transformation from weakling to Dauntless, as well as her romance with Four, is expected. The film, however, lacks the conventional love triangle, adding a refreshing change to the plot. Divergent is obviously directed toward a teenage audience—from the soundtrack to the casting choices. Fans of the books should enjoy the faithful interpretation, as well as those who are still anxiously waiting the next Hunger Games installment.



TUESDAY, April 1, 2014 | THE JUSTICE

TOPof the


Brandeis TALKS


Quote of the week

for the week ending March 30

“From our perspective, I think the resounding experience from sitting in on the Board meetings is exactly what they’re trying to accomplish. They’re trying to say, ‘how do we make this institution affordable without losing who we are in terms of our identity and our excellence.’”


1. Noah 2. Divergent 3. Muppets Most Wanted 4. Mr. Peabody & Sherman 5. God’s Not Dead 6. The Grand Budapest Hotel 7. Sabotage 8. Need for Speed 9. 300: Rise of an Empire 10. Non-Stop

— Jack Hait, ’14 senior representative to Board of Trustees.

What do you think about the Springfest lineup?


Fiction 1. Missing You—Harlan Cohen 2. Raising Steam—Terry Pratchett 3. The Goldfinch—Donna Tartt 4. Power Play—Danielle Steel 5. The Invention of Wings—Sue Monk Kidd JOSH HOROWITZ/the Justice

A LIGHT IN THE DARK: Justice editor Josh Horowitz ’14 took this ominous photo of a lamp among the tree brances outside the Goldfarb Library on a trip to Usdan Student Center with friends last month.

the justice wants to see your original artwork! Sydney Miller ’17 “Very excited. I haven’t had the chance to go to that many concerts and I’m actually familiar with their songs!”

Emily Greenwald ’16 “I didn’t know who they were, but then my friend told me so now we’re good. I think I’ll go!”

Noah Newberger ’15 “Pretty sweet. There’s something that everyone can groove to.”

Molly Gimbel ’16 “I’ve heard Icona Pop isn’t so good live, but I’m really excited for Atmosphere and American Authors.”

Submit your photography or a photo of your original drawings, sculptures, paintings or works in other mediums to to be featured in the next issue!

CROSSWORD ACROSS 1 Auto club offering 4 Gregory Peck role 8 Foster on a screen 13 Stretches of history 15 He actually played the lyre 16 Amherst sch. 17 Two-time NBA MVP Steve 18 Component of ocean H2O 19 Lawn game using lobbed missiles 20 Buff ancient ruler? 23 Attorney general before Thornburgh 24 Yank’s foe 25 Dudes 28 Own a few James Brown albums? 33 Fez, e.g. 36 Bankruptcy factor 37 Polynesian island nation 38 “Break __!” 40 Fare named for its shape 43 Fabric quantity 44 Mother of three French kings 46 Shiny fabric 48 Arctic coast explorer 49 Leaps over an oily mud puddle 53 DSL user’s need 54 Mao’s successor 55 Sticky-footed lizard 59 Beef baloney? 64 Botanist’s category 66 Dweeb 67 Size measure 68 Competitor’s dream 69 A bit off the ground, “up” 70 Sound like an ass 71 Bobbin 72 Ketel One competitor 73 NFL stats DOWN 1 Common break hr. 2 Speak 3 Refuse 4 “Pitch Perfect” costar Kendrick 5 Summer phenomenon 6 Curved support 7 Short jacket 8 Concession stand candy 9 Easternmost Arabian Peninsula country 10 “Dr. Strangelove” feature 11 Adherent’s suffix 12 Start to stop? 14 With 52-Down, grilled fare 21 Take control 22 Bottom line? 26 __ Gay 27 Ray in the ocean 29 Boxer’s attendant


1. Pharrell Williams—“Happy” (from Despicable Me 2) 2. John Legend—“All Of Me” 3. Idina Menzel—“Let It Go” (from Frozen) 4. Aloe Blacc—“The Man” 5. Katy Perry feat. Juicy J—“Dark Horse”


1. Soundtrack—Frozen 2. YG—My Krazy Life 3. Foster the People—Supermodel 4. Skrillex—Recess 5. The Pretty Reckless—Going to Hell

6. Pharrell Williams—Girl 7. Rick Ross—Mastermind 8. Enrique Iglesias—Sex and Love 9. Lorde— Pure Heroine 10. Taking Back Sunday— Happiness Is

30 Fall back 31 It’s a wrap 32 “Terrif!” 33 Pilgrim to Mecca 34 Diamond clan 35 Trophy case memento 39 Econ. measure 41 Bug 42 Earthbound bird 45 Crewman for 4- Across 47 Tech sch. grad 50 Slow boat 51 Hangs around the house? 52 See 14-Down 56 Pungent Thai dish 57 Play with, as clay 58 Gives the goahead 60 First name in folk 61 Cause wrinkles, in a way 62 Joel of “Wicked” 63 Water whirled 64 Some mil. bases 65 Edge

Top of the Charts information provided by Fandango, the New York Times, Billboard. com and


Ke$ha’s New Name Solution to last issue’s crossword Crossword Copyright 2013 MCT Campus, Inc.

SUDOKU INSTRUCTIONS: Place a number in the empty boxes in such a way that each row across, each column down and each small 9-box square contains all of the numbers from one to nine.

Barry Sasson ’16 “Wait, who’s playing?” —Compiled by Lilah Zohar and photographed by Morgan Brill/the Justice

Nonfiction 1. 10% Happier—Dan Harris 2. The Promise of a Pencil—Adam Braun with Carlye Adler 3. Uganda Be Kidding Me—Chelsea Handler 4. Killing Jesus—Bill O’Reilly and Martin Dugard 5. David and Goliath—Malcolm Gladwell

Solution to last issue’s sudoku

Sudoku Copyright 2013 MCT Campus, Inc.

By rachel hughes justice EDITOR

If you’re like me and you troll pop culture stories on the Internet when normal people are eating breakfast, you’ve probably heard by now that everyone’s favorite pop tart, Ke$ha, has officially removed the dollar sign from her name. In remembrance of the single-name enigma that is “Ke-dollar-sign-ha,” here are 10 things that Kesha should put in her name instead. 1. Put a bird on it 2. A heart 3. A lightning bolt 4. A birthday cake 5. An ampersand 6. An umlaut 7. Glitter 8. The letter Z 9. Any Wingding character 10. A hyphen

The Justice, April 1, 2014 Issue  

The independent student newspaper of Brandeis University since 1949.

The Justice, April 1, 2014 Issue  

The independent student newspaper of Brandeis University since 1949.