Page 1

winter 2013 |

Coinstar Creates Change | CNG Jitneys Up to the Challenge Idle Free Utah | TX AltCar Expo | EcoRide at NASA


Catch up on what our partners have to offer.




8:04 PM

Green Auto Market

ECODUAL We cut your fuel costs. TM


Powering Class 8 Diesel Trucks with Natural Gas • EPA approved Dual Fuel systems • Local Installation • National product support • Financing available

Looking for a clear perspective about Alternative Fuels... we can help.

The Business of Green Cars, Fuels & Technologies Free monthly newsletter and more information at

The natural resource for ethanol information.

The Renewable Fuels Association is the leading resource for ethanol information. It’s just natural to call our experts first if you need authoritative answers about ethanol. Call (202)289-3835 or visit 425 3rd St. SW, Suite 1150 Washington, DC 20024 Copyright © 2012 Renewable Fuels Association. All Rights Reserved.


Winter 2013 |


Bioenergy Insight now comes out six times a year subscribe now to receive the magazine at 2011 prices! For just £120/€185/$ 240 a year subscribing to Bioenergy Insight will keep you on top of ● ● ● ● ● ● ●

Bioenergy news Regulations and legislation Technical and bioenergy updates — including pellets, biogas, biopower, biofuel plants and more Regional insights Interviews with leading biomass users and producers A dedicated insight into energy feedstocks A list of biopower and pellet plants under construction

For subscriptions please contact Lisa Lee, Subscription Manager +44 (0) 20 8687 4160 •

Webasto Idle Reduction Solutions: n

Save Fuel


Reduce Idling


Reduce Exhaust Emissions


Reduce Carbon Footprint


CARB Approved & EPA SmartWay Verified

For more information call 1-800-215-7010 or visit

There's finally one place where you can buy and sell Alternative Fuel Vehicles (AFV)! w w w. a f v re s a l e. co m Winter 2013 |



National Guard E85 Use | p. 35 Iowa Clean Cities

Coinstar Creates Change | p. 37 Western Washington Clean Cities

Algae-Based Biodiesel | p. 33 East Bay Clean Cities

Idle Free Utah | p. 17 Utah Clean Cities

EV Owners Survey | p. 7 San Diego Clean Cities

Tucson Brings the Grease | p. 16 Tucson Clean Cities


Winter 2013 |

Year-Round Biodiesel Blending| p. 10 Twin Cities Clean Cities

Kwik Trip Offers Alternative Fuels | p. 14

CNG Station Opening | p. 30 Greater Long Island Clean Cities

Wisconsin Clean Cities

Plug-In Ready Michigan | p. 25 Michigan Clean Energy Coalition

CNG Jitneys | p. 40 New Jersey Clean Cities

Virginia Plugs In | p. 21 Virginia Clean Cities

NGV Update | p. 18 North Florida Clean Cities

AltCar Expo | p. 27

Dallas-Fort Worth Clean Cities

EcoRide at Kennedy Space Center | p. 11 Central Florida Clean Cities

Winter 2013 |


contents up front The Quick Fix | 1 Editor’s Letter | 6

focus features Energy Independence Summit 2013 | 19 Incentives Help Alternative Fuels | 24 Alliance AutoGas Helps Georgia Police Fleet | 31

special features Clean Cities TV | 15 Question of the Month | 39

advertisers index AAFVI Bioenergy Insight Chevrolet EcoDual EMI Genera Energy Innovation Drive NGV America Ravin Energy RFA Roush CleanTech Simpkins Energy TEP Uncle Sam Webasto

9 36 29 18 32, 36 22 28 24 2 1 13 23 5,20 26 27

editor’s letter It’s Our Children’s Future Alternative fuels aren’t just something I do at work; I live them. And since he was old enough to understand, I’ve been relaying the basics to my now 8-year-old son, Conner. It started about six years ago when he was two and learning to say “biodiesel.” At that time, I drove a 2001 Dodge Ram 250 that ran on B20 to B100. Conner would sit in the middle of the rear seat with a king’s view of the world. Later I transferred to a diesel Jetta, and in January of 2012 I received my 2012 Nissan Leaf. Not only does he plug in the car when we use public charging, but he can readily tell people we meet what the car runs on and that it has no tailpipe. He even did a presentation to his third grade class this year explaining that I drive an electric car. His friends came to me after school saying, “Hey, we heard all about your electric car today. Does it really run on electricity?” With all the great stories that are included in this first nationwide edition of the Fuel Fix—from natural gas on long Island, to recycled turkey grease biodiesel in Tucson, to hybrids in Seattle— allow me to encourage you to use your iPad, desktop, or printed copy and show some of these stories of action with the younger ones in your family. Share some of the good news of what is taking place across the country with those who will be taking our place as advocates and focused citizens for a smarter USA. Sincerely,

Jonathan G. Overly

Conner gives a thumbs for our hike along Indian Gap Trail in the Smoky Mountains. That is our Blink level 2 charger attached to our home in the background.

publisher & editor Jonathan G. Overly East TN Clean Fuels Coalition

designer & editor Kristy Keel-Blackmon East TN Clean Fuels Coalition

The Fuels Fix is published quarterly thanks to the DOE Clean Cities coalitions across the United States. Advertising information may be obtained by visiting the website or contacting the editors. Advertising revenue goes towards helping coalitions maintain activities focused on putting alternative fuel and efficient transportation technologies on the ground.

Publication Date: January 10, 2013

Winter 2013 |


Survey of California Electric Vehicles Owners has National Implications California is a national and worldwide leader in advanced technology, zero-emission automotive transportation. As of November 2012, Californians owned more than 16,000 plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs), roughly 25% of all plug-in vehicles in the United States. Moreover, more than 1,000 new PEVs are being sold in the state every month. The lessons learned from the highly successful first wave of adoption in California can help to inform PEV market development efforts across the nation. Plug-in vehicles represent a key strategy to secure our nation’s transportation energy future. In early 2012, the California Center for Sustainable Energy (CCSE), in coordination with the California Air Resources Board (ARB), launched the first in a series of surveys aimed at the state’s plug-in electric vehicle owners. With the second survey completed in November 2012, the research project has collected data from more than 2,000 PEV owners who provided information on vehicle usage, charging behavior, access to public and residential charging infrastructure, and household demographics. The results of the statewide surveys of California PEV owners confirm both the early market success as well as the considerable consumer and environmental benefits of electrified vehicles. CCSE is the host organization of the San Diego Regional Clean Cities Coalition, and will continue to share results from this research with Clean Cities coalitions across the nation.


Winter 2013 |

Survey highlights include:

• Although 94% of respondents report also owning an

internal combustion engine vehicle, an overwhelming majority choose their PEV for daily activities, such as commuting, shopping and personal errands. The use of non-PEVs dominates activities that require a longer range, such as business and vacation travel.

• Survey respondents reported high levels of satisfaction

with their vehicles across a wide range of characteristics. Although there was some dissatisfaction with all-electric range, 93% of owners gave their vehicles an overall rating of either satisfied or extremely satisfied.

PEV owners rated environmental benefits and energy independence as extremely important in their decision to purchase a PEV (72 and 67% respectively). Economic factors, including rebates, tax credits and fuel savings, were reported as being extremely important by only around 50% of respondents. The lowest rated factor was the ability to use High Occupancy Vehicle (or carpool) lanes, rated as extremely or moderately important by a combined 57% of owners; however, 74% of owners report displaying an HOV sticker on their vehicles.

• 39% of plug-in electric vehicle owners polled have also

invested in home solar energy systems, helping to “fuel” their vehicles with renewable solar energy.

In addition to these highlights, CCSE has prepared in-depth analyses based on survey results. Please visit: www. for complete results. The data collected by CCSE, in support of the state’s Clean Vehicle Rebate Project (, highlights California’s commitment to promoting clean transportation solutions that improve urban air quality, reduce greenhouse gas emissions, and offer the state’s consumers viable alternatives to conventional gasoline vehicles. Finally, CCSE and the California Air Resources Board, in partnership with other key stakeholders, will be conducting additional surveys in order to collect valuable data that will help inform local, state and national stakeholders how best to promote and accelerate the market for PEVs, and maximize consumer and environmental benefits.

kevin wood 858.244.7295

Winter 2013 |



Realistic | Solutions | Delivered | Now ||| Education | Training | Safety | Security

Energy Freedom matters today…

Who We Are

AAFVI is an Instructional, Technical Support, and Informational/Familiarization group of professionals with decades of experience in many areas of transportation and management. Our team of industry professionals brings Alternative Fuels Vehicles and Facilities training sessions to emergency responders, public officials and private businesses. All offerings can be customized to address specific fuels, power technologies, and operational requirements for private and public sector organizations working to go green. The sessions are informative, tracking with current industry standards, government requirements, and can minimize liability for companies and agencies. First Responders can get critical information to insure their safety and the ability to execute rescue missions safely. The safety of an incident scene relies on good information and informed First Responders. Working with OEM’s, manufacturers, and regulators allows AAFVI to bring current and specific information to allow the greatest levels of acceptance, adoption, economic benefit, and safety.

What We Do

AAFVI provides training sessions and resources for various aspects of Alternative Fuels and Advanced Technology transportation options. • First Responders/EMS and Troopers — Alternative Fuels/Power Vehicles and Stations • Trainer -the-Trainer — Alternative Fuels/Power Vehicles and Stations • Public Officials and Private Business Owners — o Familiarization and information on alternative fuel/power and their safe use o Economic impacts of Alternative Fuels and Advanced Technology Vehicles in non-attainment areas • Multiple programs for Drivers, Inspectors, Technicians…

What Now?

If you have interest in learning more about practical training for today’s (and tomorrow’s) Alternative Fuels and Advanced Technology Vehicles, Alternative Fuel Facilities, call our lead trainer Louis Fernandez at 803-351-3397 or email at

Coast to Coast— because Safety & Security matter — for American Safety and Security… and for the generations to come.

New Sioux Falls Blending Facility Provides Biodiesel Year-Round

A Harms Oil Company truck receives the first load of biodiesel

A grant from the Clean Cities program, along with the partnership of the National Biodiesel Foundation, Minnesota Soybean Research & Promotion Council and South Dakota Soybean Research & Promotion Council, has made biodiesel blends available yearround in a tri-state region near Sioux Falls, South Dakota. Harms Oil Company celebrated the grand opening of its biodiesel blending facility in November 2012 with representatives from the Twin Cities Clean Cities Coalition joining others at the Sioux Falls facility. Among those who spoke at the opening were Jill Hamilton of the National Biodiesel Foundation; Bob Metz, a South Dakota soybean grower and a director of the state’s soybean research & promotion council; Jim Willers, a Minnesota soybean grower and a director of the state’s soybean research and promotion council; and Jason Harms, vice president of Harms Oil. Jeremy Freking, executive director of South Dakota Soybean, emceed the event.

eastern South Dakota will have greater access to biodiesel blends year-round,” said Lisa Thurstin, coordinator of the Twin Cities Clean Cities Coalition. “This investment completes an important link in the alternative fuel infrastructure in the upper Midwest and is another step toward cleaner and more renewable transportation fuels.” In 2005, Minnesota became the first state to require virtually all diesel sold within its borders to be a biodiesel blend. Currently, the blend is five percent (B5) with the goal of reaching 20 percent (B20) in 2015. The area’s colder climate has posed a challenge for southwestern Minnesota residents who wanted to sell and/or use the cleaner-burning fuel because the region lacked the heated tanks needed to properly store pure biodiesel during the cold weather months. The opening of the Sioux Falls facility resolves this issue and will make the alternative fuel a more convenient choice in the tri-state area Harms Oil serves.

“The opening means that fuel retailers and consumers in southwestern Minnesota, northeastern Iowa, and

lisa thurstin

Twin Cities Clean Cities Coalition 651-223-9568 Winter 2013 |


ecoride at kennedy space center Visitors View Launch Complex on Zero-Emission Bus A zero-emission electric passenger bus traveled to Kennedy Space Center (KSC) and the Florida Solar Energy Center (FSEC) this past autumn. Bus manufacturer Proterra was on-hand at both events to explain their innovative technology and allow passengers to experience the “EcoRide” first hand. The bus demonstration was hosted by the Central Florida Clean Cities Coalition (CFCCC) and the Space Coast Energy Consortium (SCEC). The bus visit to KSC was closed to the public as it was intended to acquaint NASA and KSC Visitor Complex leadership with this clean energy option for transporting visitors through the Space Center. NASA has adopted an ambitious sustainability plan for KSC that includes an increased deployment of alternative fuel vehicles. The EcoRide followed a route similar to that a typical KSC tour bus would 11

Winter 2013 |

follow, but absent were the noise and emissions that come with using diesel buses. The bus riders glided silently through the launch complex, giving riders rare glimpses of launch pads and operation centers including the famous Vehicle Assembly Building where the Shuttle Atlantis was being held prior to its relocation to its new home on the Visitors Center grounds. The bus charges in ten minutes and can run for 30 miles before it has to be recharged. That rate was improved during the KSC tour when the bus drove 30 miles on a third of its charge, reported Dale Hill, founder of Proterra. The EcoRide is as durable as it is efficient, being the only all-electric bus to pass a rigorous vehicular stress test known as “Altoona” which simulates years of use over the course of 15,000 miles.

Proterra EcoRide makes a stop at the NASA Propellants North facility, one of several LEED certified buildings that also features several solar arrays and a solar canopy over their electric vehicle charging area.

“We’re the only battery electric bus to do that,” said Hill. “You’re trying to break the bus. We actually drove the bus nearly 500 miles in one 24-hour period.” Additional features of the EcoRide that set it apart include its composite body and the bank of batteries housed in the floor of the bus, insulated from the passenger compartment. It also uses a fuel cell auxiliary power unit, but the design could easily accommodate a diesel, propane, CNG, or gasoline generator as well. When a range extension auxiliary power unit (APU) is used, it serves as an on-board battery charger and only runs when needed until the energy storage system reaches a desired state of charge resulting in significant gains in energy efficiency over competing designs. After the KSC visit, the bus left for a journey to Florida’s capitol of Tallahassee where the city’s transit agency became the first city in Florida to add the bus to its fleet.

About Proterra With manufacturing in Greenville, S.C., Proterra is a leading designer and manufacturer of heavy-duty electric drive systems, energy storage systems, vehicle control systems, transit buses, and fast-charging stations. Proterra’s systems are scalable to commercial buses of all sizes. For more information on Proterra and its technology, please visit

colleen kettles

Central Florida Clean Cities Coalition 321-638-1004 Winter 2013 |






$14,500 savings

60,000 lbs of CO2



$5,667 savings

7,200 lbs of CO2

thySSENKrupp ElEvAtOr

thySSENKrupp ElEvAtOr

$4,152 savings

6,917 lbs of CO2

per shuttle per year

per shuttle per year

per bus per year

per bus per year

per vehicle per year

per vehicle per year

RO U SH CleanTech has propane autogas fuel systems for a varety of light- and medium-duty Ford commercial vehicles. So you don’t have to compromise quality to increase your savings.

Now Available

2012 - newer Ford F-250/ F-350 (6.2L V8)

2009 - newer Ford E-450 DRW Cutaway (6.8L V10)

Coming Soon

2007-2010 Ford E-350 DRW Cutaway (5.4L V8)


2012 – newer Blue Bird vision (6.8L V10)

2012 – newer Micro Bird G5 (6.8L V10)

2012 - newer Ford F-450 / F-550 Chassis Cab (6.8L V10)

2012 - newer Ford F-650 Chassis Cab (6.8L V10)

Wisconsin Retailer Efforts Boost Alternative Fuel Market Kwik Trip, a member of Wisconsin Clean Cities, is the one of the largest convenience store chains in the upper Midwest. Headquartered in La Crosse, WI it operates in excess of 400 stores in three states: Wisconsin, Minnesota, and Iowa. Kwik Trip has been selling alternative fuels since it first began dispensing E85 in 2006. In addition to E85, Kwik Trip also offers multiple grades of biodiesel at many retail locations. Kwik Trip built the nation’s first truly alternative fuels station in La Crosse, WI—a personal investment of three million dollars. The design of the station itself incorporates ten transportation fuels under a single

canopy to achieve a one-stop fueling experience for the general public. The station offers fueling for compressed natural gas (CNG), liquefied natural gas (LNG), propane, multiple grades of biodiesel, and electric rapid chargers. Kwik Trip’s Beyond Green Solution is complete from design/build and implementation of a green fleet to the fuel and services needed to maintain and operate green vehicles. The convenience store industry has asked what Kwik Trip is going to sell in the future for fuel. For Kwik Trip, the answer is the only sustainable, abundant, and domestic fuel source: natural gas. Kwik Trip has committed to developing a functional Natural Gas infrastructure throughout WI, MN, and IA. While Kwik Trip believes Natural Gas is the fuel of the future it is committed to all alternative fuel options, as illustrated by their unique fueling station in La Crosse. As of December 2012, Kwik Trip had four Wisconsin locations offering CNG which sold for between $1.59 and $1.79 per gasoline gallon equivalent (GGE). They planned to open two more before the end of 2012. An additional ten stations are slated to open this year within their three-state territory. Kwik Trip’s own natural gas vehicle (NGV) fleet will serve as part of the anchor load. Kwik Trip’s transportation division, Convenience Transportation, maintains a fleet of about 400 vehicles which travel over 18 million miles annually. They have just begun to transform their fleet and currently operate over 20 NGVs ranging from light-duty vehicles to Class 8 trucks. Kwik Trip is an activist for the natural gas industry and strongly advocates the nationwide adoption of natural gas to be a standard fuel instead of an alternative fuel.

heather goetsch

Wisconsin Clean Cities 414-221-4487 Winter 2013 |


clean cities tv Clean Cities TV (CCTV) is the educational Internet channel of the U.S. Department of Energy’s Clean Cities program. The channel features live and recorded content about Clean Cities and its mission to reduce U.S. petroleum consumption through the use of alternative and renewable fuels, idle reduction and fuel economy measures, and emerging technologies. Alternative Fuel Use & Public Transit Efficiency Fort Collins, CO Click video to view!

Michigan Clears the Air Lansing, MI Click video to view!


Winter 2013 |

Tucson brings the grease Colleen Crowninshield, manager of Tucson Clean Cities Coalition and Laura Fairbanks, Community Relations Manager of Pima County Regional Wastewater Reclamation Department

For the last eight years, Tucson Regional Clean Cities Coalition has teamed up with the Pima County Wastewater Reclamation Department, Grecycle, and the Environmental Development Group (EDG) to host what we call “the Day-After Thanksgiving Grease Recycle Event.” The event provides collection points across Tucson and Sierra Vista (a city to the southwest of Tucson) for the disposal of grease. Our partners, Grecycle and EDG, turn the collected grease into biodiesel. The two companies then use the biodiesel to run heavy duty diesel trucks that operate in our community. Pima County Department of Wastewater Reclamation states that grease contributes to approximately 50 percent of all sanitary sewer overflows, so it only makes sense to partner with others to educate the public about this problem and show them how biodiesel can be part of the answer. The annual event educates more than 10,000 people in our community by including information inserts with our sewer bills and conducting interviews with local media. All in all, we have collected more than 22,000 pounds of grease since 2005. We collected more than 3,000 pounds in this year alone.

This has become one of our most popular annual outreach events. The community and our Tucson Clean Cities Coalition members fully support the event. Our members call us weeks in advance to make certain we are running the collection, to ensure our drop-off locations remained the same, and to schedule large drop-offs if necessary. It’s a win-win for everyone. The event leads to reduced sanitary sewer overflows, reduced consumption of diesel fuel, and an increase in outreach and education on the value of alternative fuels. It all takes place due to a clever event that excites both the private and public sector. O’Rielly Chevrolet, our first location to participate, still collects the most grease among our sites with over 50 percent of the collected grease coming from this location. O’Rielly helps us advertise the event by posting fliers in their windows and sending emails to their database weeks in advance to let people know that they are participating. This has truly become a memorable event that benefits the entire community.

colleen crowninshield Tucson Regional Clean Cities Coalition 520-792-1093

Winter 2013 |


Idle Free Utah Utah is known for the most Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) refueling stations per capita in the nation, but when it comes to petroleum reduction strategies the state has a more diverse portfolio. Utah Clean Cities Coalition (UCCC) has been working with stakeholders to develop Idle Free Programs since 2007. The initial idle free campaign, “Get on the Bus for Clean Air,” educates and encourages school bus drivers to limit bus idling time. The pilot program created and implemented a driver curriculum, educating 3,000 bus operators at 40 schools. The project was developed through a collaborative effort with UCCC, the National Energy Foundation, and the Environmental and Energy Study Institute with the support of the U.S. Department of Energy and assistance from the National School Board Association.

Unites States. As part of their commitment to sustainable development, they implemented an idle reduction program in 2008. The program has saved over 2.5 million gallons of fuel, 25,000 tons of greenhouse gas emissions, and over $7.9 million in fuel costs. UCCC is proud to partner with Kennecott Utah Copper to host the Idle Free Fleets Conference on January 15, 2013. At the conference, Kennecott Utah Copper will formally release their Idle Free Toolkit for fleet managers interested in implementing an idle reduction program. This is a great opportunity for fleet managers and leaders from government, business, industry, and education to come together and learn how to be idle free. More conference information can be found here: jan-15-2013/idle-free-fleets-conference

By 2009, the campaign had grown beyond an education program to a true advocacy effort, winning nonpartisan support from state and local leaders. Salt Lake City, Salt Lake County, and the State of Utah declared the first week of September as “Idle Free Awareness Week.” Governor Gary R. Herbert urged all Utahns to “turn your key—be idle free.” The Idle Free program now thrives throughout the state. The “Idle Free Awareness” campaign spans the entire month of September and involves approximately 300 schools. More than forty mayors across the state have pledge their support on the annual declaration, and many municipalities have adopted anti-idling policies for their fleets and jurisdictions. Many UCCC stakeholders have also answered the call to be idle free by making it a part of their company policy and culture. One example is Kennecott Utah Copper, the second largest copper producer in the

irene rizza

Utah Clean Cities Coalition 801-535-7736


Winter 2013 |

ECODUAL We cut your fuel costs. TM


Dual Fuel Conversion Systems Powering Heavy Duty Diesel Trucks with Natural Gas EcoDual products are EPA approved for application to a growing list of heavy duty truck engine models. The EcoDual system pays for itself in 12 months of typical operation. Local installation, national product support, and financing are available. Contact us for the latest updates on available systems at

north florida tpo update Bringing Assistance with CMAQ Funding The North Florida TPO is the supporting agency for the North Florida Clean Cities coalition encompassing Baker, Clay, Duval, Nassau, Putnam, and St. Johns counties. For the past three years, the TPO has provided Congestion Mitigation and Air Quality (CMAQ) funds to support the North Florida Clean Cities Coalition and assist member counties, municipalities, and regional partners with fleet conversion to alternative fuels. Working with the Florida Department of Transportation, the TPO is programming additional CMAQ funds under guidance of the Moving Ahead for Progress in the 21st Century Act (MAP-21) which highlights support for natural gas-fueled vehicles. The North

Florida TPO Regional Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Conversion Initiative will provide $732,464 in funding to convert/upgrade newly purchased municipal fleet vehicles to CNG compatible fuel systems. This initiative will assume all upgrade costs and allow fleets to realize immediate cost savings when converting to CNG. Recognizing that the availability of CNG fueling stations remains limited in the region, the CNG conversion under this initiative will provide bi-fuel systems in the vehicles. This will allow them to operate on diesel fuel in the interim while the TPO and Clean Cities coalition continue to pursue partnerships with fuel providers to install the necessary CNG fueling stations.

wanda forrest

North Florida Clean Cities Coalition 904-306-7514 Winter 2013 |


Partner Focus

Energy Independence Summit 2013

Navigating Policies and Opportunities in the Post-Election Landscape Article courtesy of Transportation Energy Partners

Transportation Energy Partners (TEP) recently announced that Energy Independence Summit 2013 will take place April 7–10 in Washington, DC. The Energy Independence Summit is widely regarded as the nation’s premier gathering to address alternative fuels policy. The Summit brings together Clean Cities coordinators and clean transportation stakeholders to educate government leaders about policies to promote the widespread use of cleaner vehicles and fuels.

Organizers say the 2012 Summit was the best yet, with more than 50 Clean Cities Coordinators and 100 industry leaders in attendance. Keynote speakers included White House Council on Environmental Quality Chair Nancy Sutley and Connecticut Governor Dannel Malloy. Roundtables featured top leaders from the electric vehicle, natural gas, propane, and biofuels industries, the Obama Administration, and state and local governments. “This year is going to be even better,” said Stephanie Meyn, Coordinator of Western Washington Clean Cities and EIS2013 Outreach Chair. “Meeting other coordinators, spending time with your stakeholders in Washington, learning about policy issues, and making the rounds on Capitol Hill provides a tremendous opportunity to build strong bonds, which will strengthen your work at home.” “The stakes in Washington are high,” said Phillip Wiedmeyer, Chairman of Alabama Clean Fuels and Vice President of TEP. “As Congress and the Administration focus on reducing the deficit, all federal programs and tax incentives are under scrutiny and vulnerable to significant cuts. The Summit provides a critical opportunity to demonstrate broad-based grassroots support among business leaders, state and local government officials, and community leaders for clean transportation energy policies that enhance energy security and create new jobs.”

Meredith Webber of Tulsa Area Clean Cities, Connecticut Governor Dannel Malloy, Suresh Jayanthi of AeroVironment at EIS 2012

“The Summit provides an opportunity to sit down across the table and build relationships with federal decision-makers who place high value in learning directly from people in communities about what is needed and what’s working and not working,” said TEP President and Executive Director of Ohio Clean Fuels Sam Spofforth in a letter to Clean Cities Coordinators. “This puts local, real-world context into the messages about energy security, economic development, and the promise of advanced fuels and vehicles.” 19

Winter 2013 |

Transportation Energy Partners is an independent, national non-profit organization that brings Clean Cities coalition leaders together with the clean transportation industry to advance policies that will reduce American dependence on petroleum-based fuels. TEP works closely with and provides policy support to the nearly 100 Clean Cities coalitions and their 10,400 stakeholders that voluntarily participate in the U.S. Department of Energy Clean Cities program. More information about the Summit can be found online at

Congressman Steve Israel (D-NY) with Clean Cities Coordinator Rita Ebert of Greater Long Island Clean Cities Coalition at EIS 2012

Meeting other coordinators, spending time with your stakeholders in Washington, learning about policy issues, and making rounds on Capitol Hill provides a tremendous opportunity to build strong bonds, which will strengthen your work at home.

virginia plugs in

Official Plug-In at First Hotel Charging Station in Richmond, Virginia Mayor Dwight C. Jones performed the first official plug-in at the first hotel charging station in Richmond at the Richmond Omni Hotel last October following the Business Case for Electric Vehicle Charging Station Forum, hosted by Virginia Clean Cities. The forum provided an overview of electric vehicles and made the case for installing electric vehicle charging stations through local case studies. The charging station installed at the Omni Hotel has already paid for itself in revenue generated by guests that have chosen the hotel based on access to a charging station during their stay. In addition to generating revenue, Chris Alto, General Manager of the Omni Richmond Hotel, looks at the charging station as a way to generate community exposure and reduce the hotel’s environmental impact. The first official plug-in and forum event itself generated

a statewide “buzz” about electric vehicle charging stations. “Electric vehicles and infrastructure represent an opportunity for individuals and businesses to advance energy, economic, and environmental security through reducing petroleum,” said Alleyn Harned, Executive Director of Virginia Clean Cities. “The Omni Richmond Hotel’s business story is a compelling one.” The City of Richmond has been an important partner in the Richmond Electric Vehicle Initiative—a planning grant for electric vehicles through the Clean Cities Community Readiness and Planning for Plug-In Electric Vehicles and Charging Infrastructure grant. Richmond Mayor Dwight Jones said of the initiative, “These planning efforts fit into Richmond’s triple bottom line goals of sustainability and will help lower greenhouse gas emissions in the city.”

(L to R) Chris Alto, Omni Richmond Hotel; Michael Phillips, Virginia Clean Cities; Mayor Dwight C. Jones; Alicia Zatcoff, City of Richmond Sustainability Manager; Jason Tucker, Richmond Ford perform the official plug-in at the first charging station at a Richmond hotel

michael phillips Virginia Clean Cities Coalition 804-482-1790


Winter 2013 |

All Grass is NOT Created Equal ...

ock Integrated feedst s supply solution

Feedstock innovation


value fro m biomas s

Turning American Agricultural Crops into Affordable, Domestic Energy Genera Energy provides a robust and integrated biomass supply solution for the advanced biofuels, biopower and biobased products industries. To talk to the industry leaders, contact us and find out why Genera is your biomass supply partner.

Sign up for an email notification when the Fuels Fix is published each quarter


12’ Hose With Break-Away And Fill Nozzle Continuous Duty 5 GGEs per hour Weight 850 Pounds 4 Stage Reciprocating Compressor Oil Sump Crankcase 2.5 QTS 12 SCFM @ 5500 PSI 2 Year Warranty

Explosion Proof 7.5 HP Motor, 3 Phase 240 — 480 Volt

Length 38” X Width 25 1/2” X Height 58”

Durable & Reliable Model SE 200 — The Complete System The system comes complete with compressor, remote electrical panel with PLC, enclosure, 8-foot fill pole with 12-foot CNG fill hose, break-away protection and fill nozzle; this configuration is the standard package for a time fill system. Simpkins Energy can supply storage tanks with multiple compressor units, as well as multiple fill poles, intake gas dryers and fuel management systems for a complete fast fill station. There are no limits — the system can grow with your needs and protect your investment. Designed to the standards of the National Fire Protection Association Code 52 for Vehicular Gaseous Fuel Systems. These rigorous standards are developed through a consensus development process approved by the American National Standards Institute.

Innovative Provider of CNG Solutions

Call or see us online today to learn more! 800-633-8643 • 615-831-1234 •

Specifications and claims are subject to change without notice.

Legislation Focus

incentives help alternative fuels The American Taxpayer Relief Act of 2012 was recently passed by Congress and signed by the President. This legislation enacted, and in many cases made retroactive, credits that are for alternative fuels or alternative fuel vehicles or infrastructure. Below is a summary of some of the credits from that legislation. Sec. 402. Extension of credit for alternative fuel vehicle refueling property

• Previously, this credit only applied to vehicles with at

least 4 wheels; this is now extended to “qualified 2- or 3-wheeled plug-in EVs” 2013 and effective to property placed in service after • The credit is the lesser of: 10% of the cost of the December 31, 2011 qualified 2- or 3-wheeled plug-in EV or $2,500 This credit is equal to 30% of the cost of any qualified • • Vehicle must be capable of achieving a speed of 45 mph alternative fuel vehicle refueling property placed in or greater and manufactured for primary use on public Jan 7, 2013 — 1//3 square ad: 4.785” x 4.785” service during the taxable year and is up to a maximum streets, roads, and highways Ad placed requested by: of $30,000 Stephe Yborra • The following were treated as clean-burning fuels: Director of Marketing Review the shortened yet detailed summary byAd designed by & Communications 1. Any fuel at least 85 percent of the volume of which NGVAmerica DRPollard & Assoc In South Shore Clean Cities. consists of one or more of the following: ethanol, 301-829-2520 tel 703-716-0071 natural gas, CNG, LNG, propane/autogas, or hydrogen to coordinators Alleyn Harned from Virginia 240-446-2584Thanks cell 2. Any mixture of biodiesel blends with at least 20% Clean Cities and Carl Lisek of South Shore Clean Cities biodiesel in a blend with diesel or kerosene for their contributions to this article. 3. Electricity

• Extended from December 31, 2011 to December 31,

Sec. 412. Extension of alternative fuels excise tax credits

• Extended from December 31, 2011 to

December 31, 2013 • This appears to bring back the $0.50/gallon credit for propane, the $0.50/GGE credit for natural gas, and the $1.00/gallon of B100 in a blend credit for biodiesel; an ethanol credit is included, see the full language for specifics

Sec. 405. Extension of incentives for biodiesel and renewable diesel

• Extended from December 31, 2011 to

December 31, 2013 • Renews the $1/gallon of B100 used and appears to add a potential $1 for pure biodiesel use, and has a $0.10 credit for “eligible small agri-biodiesel producers”

Sec. 403. Extension of credit for 2- or 3-wheeled plug-in electric vehicles

• The must be acquired after December 31, 2011 and before January 1, 2014

The Definitive Experts Regarding NGV Technologies and Markets Your Source for Accurate Information About: ■ Vehicle/Engine Emissions and Certifications ■ Comparative Power and Performance Data ■ Fuel Station Development, Design and Operations & Maintenance Options ■ Economic Analyses ■ Legislative and Regulatory Information ■ Vehicle, Station and Facility Safety, Codes & Standards and O&M Best Practices ■ Market Analysis, Technical Education and Program Implementation

Relied on by government agencies, fleet organizations and clean-air /clean-transportation advocates. Visit us at:

Plug-In Ready Michigan

Plan Released to Help Prepare State for Influx of Electric Vehicles

Clean Energy Coalition, NextEnergy, and Greater Lansing Area Clean Cities have released Plug-In Ready Michigan, a road map to help the state’s municipal leaders, consumers, and private companies prepare for increased plug-in electric vehicle (PEV) use. The plan—created with input from more than 40 stakeholders, including Michigan municipalities, automotive manufacturers, utility providers, and non-profit organizations—is available for download on Clean Energy Coalition’s website at Plug-In Ready Michigan explores the opportunities and issues related to PEV readiness and the necessary considerations for PEV infrastructure planning. With the ultimate goal of simplifying the process of PEV charging infrastructure implementation, the plan is divided into two sections:

The narrative provides an overview of the existing conditions and key findings related to PEV infrastructure in Michigan.

The toolkit offers PEV fundamentals and examples of best practices based on the experience of several Michigan cities that have already begun developing networks of charging stations.

According to Pike Research, the state of Michigan is expected to rank seventh in PEV sales through 2020, and conditions are favorable for the state to continue as a PEV leader. Factors that contribute to Michigan’s high adoption rate include its proximity to the automotive industry; rising gasoline prices, which will continue to drive demand for fuel-efficient vehicles; and strong government investments in PEV technology. Greater availability of PEV options is also a factor. In fact, nearly every major American, European, and Asian auto manufacturer either already has or will soon introduce at least one PEV model. Production of Plug-In Ready Michigan was managed by Clean Energy Coalition in partnership with NextEnergy and Greater Lansing Area Clean Cities. OHM, Governing Dynamic, and Pike Research provided consulting services. Development of the plan was funded by the U.S. Department of Energy through its Clean Cities program. Michigan was one of 16 locations granted funding to create a PEV preparedness plan.

mark rabinsky

Michigan Clean Energy Coalition 734-585-5720 x 24


Winter 2013 |

There’s only one thing you need to worry about...

select the american, alternative fuel you want to use...

and usE it. Natural gas - ethanol - electricity - propane - biodiesel

don’t waste anyone’s time by decrying another alternative - select yours, use it, and join in local efforts to move that alternative forward. help america truly change!

Brought to you by americaNS FOR CLEANER AMERICAn fuels, jobs and energy independence, otherwise known as your local clean cities coalition.

Your local

coalition works hard to to reduce petroleum use.

working on a project, serving on a coalition co Your partnership means the

Make Your Fleet Green Webasto has been providing engine-off comfort and environmental

Webasto Idle Reduction Solutions:

solutions for over 60 years. Our “Green” vehicle heating systems


Save Fuel

pre-heat engines, interiors and hydraulic systems – all without


Reduce Idling

idling. They are a perfect fit for public, private or municipal fleets.


Reduce Exhaust Emissions


Reduce Carbon Footprint


CARB Approved & EPA SmartWay Verified

Make your fleet “Green” with Webasto.

For more information call 1-800-215-7010 or visit

to us.

utilize Please support us through membership, mmittee... or however you can!

Click here to see a map of all ~90 coalitions with links to information for each one.

Bringing light to the road ahead as we move to a more secure transportation energy future with Alternative Fuels...American Fuels

WHAT’S BETTER, MORE MILES PER GALLON OR ZERO GALLONS PER MILE? Ever seen a Volt at a gas station? It happens, but not a lot. On average, by charging regularly, Volt owners fill up only about once a month.1 When you can commute 38 miles 1 gas-free, there isn’t a whole lot of need to stop for anything more than coffee. But for those times when you have to go a little farther, it has an onboard gas generator to do that too. It’s electric when you want it, gas when you need it. The 2012 Volt was recognized by J.D. Power and Associates as the “Highest Ranked Vehicle Appeal among Compact Cars, Two Years in a Row” in the APEAL Study 2 — a study based on factors like styling, comfort and convenience, among others. What could be better than that? Learn more at

Volt is available at participating dealers.

1 Based on EPA-estimated 98 MPGe (electric); 35 MPG city/40 highway (gas). Actual mileage may vary. 2 The Chevrolet Volt received the highest numerical score among compact cars in the proprietary J.D. Power and Associates 2011 and 2012 Automotive Performance, Execution and Layout (APEAL) Study.SM Study based on responses from 74,759 new-vehicle owners, measuring 233 models and measures opinions after 90 days of ownership. Proprietary study results are based on experiences and perceptions of owners surveyed February–May 2012. Your experiences may vary. Visit

2013 Chevrolet Volt. Chevy Runs Deep

Rita Ebert, GLICC coordinator; Dominick Longobardi, GLICC chairman; and Steve Labriola, Oyster Bay Town Clerk fill up with CNG

Cng station opening on long island The U.S. Department of Energy, Greater Long Island Clean Cities Coalition (GLICCC), and the Town of Oyster Bay will be hosting the grand opening of a new compressed natural gas (CNG) station on Long Island. The station was funded by The American Recovery and Reinvestment act of 2009. A portion of GLICC’s $15 million award from the U.S. Department of Energy was used for the project.

The station was built by Engineered Energy Solutions (EES) and uses ANGI Energy Systems fueling equipment. Owned and operated by the Town of Oyster Bay and maintained by EES for use by the Town’s CNG fleet, the station will also be open to municipal fleets. P.W. Grosser Consulting designed the station, which includes three fast-fill pumps with six hoses and 50 time-fill posts.

I’m on a mission to make Long Island the clean energy capital of America, and the Greater Long Island Clean Cities Coalition is an invaluable partner in that mission. - Congressman Steve Israel

rita ebert

Greater Long Island Clean Cities Coalition 631-504-5771 Winter 2013 |


Partner Focus

Alliance AutoGas helps Georgia police fleet save on fuel costs

Article courtesy of Alliance AutoGas

ATLANTA – The Sandy Springs Police Department in Georgia switched 25 Ford Crown Victoria cruisers to propane autogas, saving more than $11,000 in fuel costs and displacing nearly 10 tons of greenhouse gas emissions over a period of three months. Alliance AutoGas is providing vehicle conversions and fueling for a total of 65 cruisers, with funding through the Southeast Propane Autogas Development Program. “The City of Sandy Springs needed a reliable fuel source in case of natural disasters, and propane autogas offers the most viable combination of an American-made clean fuel that also helps reduce our fuel budget,” said Captain Bart Humble, who originally researched alternative fuel in his former capacity as Lieutenant Commander of Homeland Security. “Because of the rising cost of gasoline, our fleet fuel costs nearly doubled in six years. Now, we’re saving $1.70 per gallon or more filling up our patrol cars with autogas.”

fleet. Capt. Humble reports that his fleet drives on autogas 96 percent of the time, displacing thousands of gallons of gasoline every month. “Some officers only had one gasoline receipt for the entire second quarter of 2012,” said Humble. “Feedback from officers driving the propane vehicles has been extremely positive. The key to the program’s success has been strong commitment from the top of City administration all the way down to the officers in the field.”

Some officers only had one gasoline receipt for the entire second quarter of 2012.

Alliance AutoGas partner Force 911 handles the bi-fuel autogas vehicle conversions for Sandy Springs, and Alliance also installed a centrally located autogas station for the 31

Winter 2013 |

Autogas-powered fleets like Sandy Springs help reduce our nation’s dependence on foreign oil because 98 percent of the U.S. autogas supply is made in America. Propane autogas produces significantly fewer harmful pollutants and greenhouse gas emissions than gasoline, and many autogas fleets report their vehicles require less maintenance. Autogas is also more affordable to implement and offers better range compared to other alternative fuels like compressed natural gas.

Feedback from officers driving the propane vehicles has been extremely positive. The key to the program’s success has been strong commitment from the top of City administration all the way down to the officers in the field. “There’s no comparison between propane autogas and compressed natural gas,” said Humble. “We tested CNG vehicles when I was in another department, and the performance was not nearly like running on autogas. You had to refill every 100 miles, and the trunk space was non-

existent. With autogas vehicles, you have a very similar experience to driving traditional gasoline vehicles, and my officers can still carry around the equipment they need.” Alliance AutoGas enables fleet managers to use clean, economical, American-made autogas through vehicle conversions, on-site fueling and ongoing safety training and technical support. For fleets interested in new propane autogas-powered vehicles, Alliance also provides OEM vehicles through partnerships with automotive experts at ROUSH CleanTech as part of the complete program. The Alliance AutoGas partner network of propane marketers and conversion centers is experiencing tremendous growth, now spanning 40 states, Washington D.C., and the Canadian provinces of Ontario, Quebec, Manitoba, Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Prince Edward Island, and Newfoundland & Labrador.

Algae Based Biofuel Makes Retail Debut in the Bay Area November 13th, 2012 was a landmark day for clean air vehicles across the nation, but especially so in Northern California. On the same day that Fremontbased EV manufacturer Tesla had their Model S sedan loudly proclaimed “Car of the Year” by Motor Trend Magazine, across the bay in Redwood City, two other Bay Area companies partnered to launch the nation’s first publicly available algae-derived biodiesel at Propel stations throughout the Bay Area. East Bay Clean Cities Coalition stakeholder Propel Fuels has teamed up with biofuel company Solazyme Inc. in a one-month pilot program designed to make

algae-based diesel available to consumers at retail pumps across the Bay Area. According to Solazyme, this is believed to be the first time in U.S. history that retail customers can power their vehicles with an algae-based fuel. This one-month demonstration project hopes to introduce consumers to algae based biodiesel and survey their perceptions of advanced biofuels while paving the way towards broader adoption of domestically produced petroleum fuel substitutes. The algae-derived fuel will be sold at the same price as conventional diesel and will be available exclusively at Propel’s Clean Fuel Points in Redwood City, San Jose, Berkeley, and Oakland, California.

The Solazyme Jeep at the pump | Photo courtesy of Propel Fuel

Solazyme’s algae-based Soladiesel is compatible with existing diesel engines and meets or exceeds ASTM quality specifications. It has also shown performance enhancements, including cold temperature operating performance, which will be good news for fleets operating in colder climates. Testing undertaken by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) shows a 20% blend of Soladiesel significantly outperforms ultra-low sulfur diesel in total hydrocarbons (THC), carbon monoxide (CO) and particulate matter tailpipe emissions. This includes an approximate 30% reduction in particulates, a 20% reduction in CO, and an approximate 10% reduction in THC. Solazyme’s unique process makes this clean burning fuel by greatly accelerating the process by which algae naturally convert sugars into oils. What formerly took millennia to occur in nature can now be replicated in a matter of days. Propel Fuels was the logical choice for a partner to distribute the algae-based biodiesel in this unique venture. Founded in 2004, Propel has quickly established a network of renewable gas stations and fuel points throughout the states of Washington and California. Through an American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) from the US Department of Energy (DOE), Propel Fuels is currently partnered with East Bay Clean Cities, California Department of General Services (DGS) and the California Energy Commission (CEC) to build and operate 75 retail renewable fuel stations throughout California. With 30 existing locations, including seven in the Bay Area, Propel has demonstrated a strong commitment to making renewable fuels available to consumers. “Propel is committed to providing our customers with access to the highest quality, most sustainable, domestically produced fuels, so we’re proud to introduce the next generation of fuels to the retail market,” Matt Horton, CEO of Propel Fuels, said in a released statement.

- Matt Horton, CEO of Propel Fuels

Matt Horton of Propel Fuels pumps the first gallon of retail algae-based biofuel

richard battersby East Bay Clean Cities Coalition 530-752-9666

Winter 2013 |


Iowa Army National Guard Launches E85 Mission The Iowa Army National Guard is a force to be reckoned with when it comes to the deployment of ethanol. More than half of its 577 non-tactical vehicles at Camp Dodge now run on E85 thanks to a concerted commitment to meet or exceed Department of Defense (DOD) sustainability goals for the U.S. Army. Camp Dodge, located in central Iowa where the Iowa Army National Guard’s fleet of vehicles is housed, has been incorporating flexible fuel vehicles (FFVs) into its operations for the past three years. To do so, the base began by converting some of its existing conventional vehicles to be able to operate on highlevel ethanol blends. Camp Dodge shop foreman Jim Russell worked with Chicago-based Flex Fuel U.S., which offers EPA-certified conversion kits that government fleets can order through the U.S. General Services Administration. Flex Fuel U.S. provided training and certification on kit installations. Russell can now install a kit in two hours. As of July, he and two technicians had completed 50 conversions at the cost of about $900 per vehicle. Initially, some drivers were hesitant about the switch to E85, so Russell took time to give tours under the hood and show side-by-side fuel samples of E85 and gasoline. The drivers were quickly won over once they understood E85 and experienced its performance. “The performance of the patrol cars is awesome. We took our military police off E85 during the coldest winter weather, and they were beating down our door to get back to it,” Russell said.


Winter 2013 |

This positive experience with Flex Fuel U.S. conversion kits’ performance has continued to be validated. Rigorous testing of the kits by Oak Ridge National Laboratory was completed with conclusions that became available in April 2012. This testing was more thorough and comprehensive than what the EPA Certification for conversion kits requires. The Iowa Army National Guard has purchased more E85 vehicles and now over half of the 577 non-tactical vehicles at Camp Dodge run on E85. The FFVs are saving about $200,000 annually in fuel costs. The vehicle technicians have also found that they no longer have to clean out the carbon build up from the intakes of vehicles that run on E85. With Iowa being the nation’s top ethanol producer, their increased use of E85 is a win-win for Iowa’s economy and leadership in energy independence. Iowa Clean Cities Coordinator Stephanie Weisenbach said, “They are ‘walking the talk’ in terms of reducing petroleum use and advancing alternative fuel markets. Their leadership serves to inspire others to follow in their footsteps.”

stephanie weisenbach Iowa Clean Cities Coalition 515.725.3007

February 2011 Issue 1 • Volume 2

High standards

A new fuel standa rd will boost assurance in the US pellet market in 2011

A special relationshi

p Why US pellet makers so sweet on Europe are The number one

Regional focus: bioen ergy

source of informatio

n internationally

in North America

for biomass, biopower,

bioheat, biopellets

and biogas!

Bioenergy Insight now comes out six times a year — subscribe now to receive the magazine at 2011 prices! For just £120/€185/$240 a year subscribing to Bioenergy Insight will keep you on top of ● Bioenergy news ● Regulations and legislation ● Technical and bioenergy updates — including pellets, biogas, biopower, biofuel plants and more ● Regional insights ● Interviews with leading biomass users and producers ● A dedicated insight into energy feedstocks ● A list of biopower and pellet plants under construction Can you afford to miss out? For subscriptions please contact Lisa Lee, Subscription Manager +44 (0) 20 8687 4160 or at

coinstar creates change Amidst a climate of ever-rising and unreliable fuel prices, commercial fleets are increasingly interested in finding ways to stretch their mileage and save at the pump. Coinstar is one such example. This fleet, headquartered in Bellevue, Washington, operates and services the coin counting kiosks at grocery stores and retail locations across the country. With each of Coinstar’s 300 vehicles travelling several thousand miles per month, finding ways to maximize fuel economy simply made business sense. Coinstar began by implementing a right-sizing and hybrid replacement program. This primarily involved replacing passenger vehicles with hybrid electric vehicles. To date, Coinstar has updated over 60% of its 175 passenger vehicles with hybrids like the Toyota Prius and Ford C-MAX with plans to switch out the entire fleet of passenger vehicles.


Winter 2013 |

Another significant component of Coinstar’s fuel economy enhancement project was the creation of a driver incentive program in which drivers received cash rewards for fuel mileage improvements. All of Coinstar’s 300+ drivers participated in the “Fuel Miser” program with awards of up to $500 in cold hard cash going to the driver of each vehicle class achieving the best improvement in mileage. To keep the drivers motivated, fleet manager Sam Besser emailed drivers fuel saving tips each week and provided monthly status updates via a company leaderboard. Coinstar then added a team competition to the Fuel Miser program. Pitting the 20 districts nationwide in competition against each other, Coinstar awarded $2,000 to the best district in each of its three regions. This allowed drivers to compete on two levels—as a team and as individuals, resulting in even more effort to improve fuel economy.

Savings galore!

After the first year of the program, Coinstar was amazed by the savings that could be achieved simply by changing driver behavior. Overall, the driver incentive program boosted average fuel economy across all light- and heavy-duty vehicles by 4% and saved Coinstar over $50,000 in fuel costs in 2011. Coinstar further reports that through the Fuel Miser program and the gradual right-sizing of vehicles, it saved over 77,000 gallons of fuel in 2011 compared to 2010.

What’s next?

Coinstar seeks continuous improvement in the efficiency of its fleet operations through vehicle selection, driver education and motivation, routing, vehicle equipment, and any other innovative programs they learn about through the Clean Cities community. Coinstar is proud of its success in conserving fuel and protecting its bottom line but also in cultivating a corporate culture of caring about their environment and their community.

Additionally, Coinstar estimates that its efforts helped reduce greenhouse gas emissions by approximately 185 tons from 2010 to 2011—a decrease of over 8%.

stephanie meyn

Western Washington Clean Cities Coalition 206-689-4055

Winter 2013 |


question of the month From January 2013

How are vehicle fuel economy ratings determined? What factors impact fuel economy? Vehicle fuel economy is tested under controlled conditions using a standardized test procedure. Original equipment manufacturers (OEMs) are required by federal law to test at least one representative vehicle for each light-duty model and must report the results to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). EPA reviews the results and confirms about 10% to 15% of the vehicles through tests at the National Vehicles and Fuel Emissions Laboratory (NVFEL). In the laboratory, the vehicle is placed on a machine called a dynamometer that simulates the driving environment and can be adjusted to account for wind resistance and the vehicle weight. A professional driver runs the vehicle through a prescribed driving routine at various speeds to simulate typical trips in the city or on the highway.

exempt from fuel economy testing requirements, including: • Pickup trucks and cargo vans with gross vehicle weight ratings (GVWR) over 8,500 pounds; • Passenger vehicles, such as SUVs and passenger vans, with GVWR of 10,000 or more; and • Motorcycles.

Fuel economy test procedures are designed to replicate typical driving conditions and behavior, but there are many factors that influence a vehicle’s fuel economy. Quick acceleration Quick acceleration and and heavy braking, excessive idling, driving at high speeds, heavy braking, excessive cold weather and frequent idling, driving at high short trips, heavy cargo, towing a trailer, running electrical speeds, cold weather accessories, driving on hilly and frequent short trips, or mountainous terrain, and using four-wheel drive, can all heavy cargo, towing a have a significant impact on trailer, running electrical miles per gallon. New vehicles generally will not attain optimal accessories, driving on fuel economy until they reach hilly or mountainous terrain, 3,000 to 5,000 miles. Because and using four-wheel drive, of these variations, fuel economy ratings should only be used can all have a significant as estimates for comparison impact on miles per gallon. between vehicles.

To measure the fuel economy of the vehicle, a hose is connected to the tailpipe to collect the engine exhaust. The carbon in the exhaust is then measured to calculate the amount of fuel burned during the test. This process is more accurate than using a fuel gauge. For details on NVFEL vehicle fuel economy testing procedures, refer to the Fuel Economy Tests website and the EPA Fuel Economy Data & Testing website. Federal law requires fuel economy testing for most light-duty vehicles. Some vehicle types, however, are

To improve fuel economy, vehicle owners can drive less aggressively, observe the speed limit, reduce cargo, and avoid excess idling. In addition, maintenance rituals like keeping tires fully inflated, keeping the engine properly tuned, and using the recommended grade of motor oil, can improve vehicle fuel economy.

Please contact the Technical Response Service (TRS) with other questions, or if you have suggestions for a future Question of the Month. Clean Cities Technical Response Service Team | | 800-254-6735


Winter 2013 |

jitneys up to the challenge

In the Face of Hurricane Sandy, CNG Vehicles Shuttle People to Safety Atlantic City, New Jersey, is typically known for its boardwalk, casinos, and inspiration for the board game Monopoly. But last October, none of that mattered as it faced the fury of Hurricane Sandy. With a record 13 foot storm surge along the Jersey Coast, many residents needed to leave the shore for the mainland. Although most people took personal vehicles, some of the area’s most vulnerable residents rode in clean-fuel vehicles supported by the Department of Energy through the Recovery Act. In 2009, the New Jersey Clean Cities coalition received $15 million in Natural gas jitneys like this are Atlantic City’s main form of public transportation. These vehicles Recovery Act funding to purchase were used to evacuate vulnerable residents during Hurricane Sandy. This vehicle is fueling up at a more than 270 compressed natural natural gas station built, owned, and operated by Clean Energy Fuels, who kept the station running gas vehicles, including 190 Atlantic City despite widespread shortages of gasoline and diesel elsewhere. | Photo courtesy of Clean Energy “jitneys.” The jitneys, minibuses run by Even in non-emergency situations, natural gas offers owner-operators, have been Atlantic City’s main form of many benefits over petroleum-based fuels. Replacing public transportation since 1915. By paying for the gasoline minibuses with those running on natural gas cost difference between gasoline and natural gas helped the small business owner-operators reduce vehicles, the award allowed the Jitney Association to their reliance on foreign oil and lower their operational replace their entire aging fleet with a cleaner alternative. costs. The natural gas vehicles also produce less smog-forming pollution than the conventional counterAs a major transit fleet, Atlantic City naturally included parts they replaced. the jitneys in its emergency plan. As the hurricane approached, the vehicles were pressed into action. Thirty of the jitneys evacuated people who could not transport themselves, including elderly and disabled residents living along the Boardwalk, protecting them from catastrophic flooding and wind. Other jitneys transported clinic patients to medical treatments and helped those staying behind gather emergency goods such as food and water. Despite the unusual circumstances, the natural gas powered jitneys served their community well in its time of need. In fact, the use of compressed natural gas for vehicles is an asset in the aftermath of natural disasters, as gasoline and diesel fuel are often in short supply.

When Hurricane Sandy threatened people’s lives, New Jersey took action to protect its residents. We’re proud that vehicles we supported helped in the effort and demonstrated that alternative fuel vehicles are up to meeting any challenge.

chuck feinberg

New Jersey Clean Cities Coalition 973-886-1655 Winter 2013 |


Do you know about the


that are

available to


Check out the Alternative Fuel Data Center’s Tools page to help assist fleets, fuel providers, and stakeholders. Click here to get started!


Winter 2013 |

altCar expo held in dallas-fort worth The Texas AltCar Expo and Conference made its first appearance in the Dallas-Fort Worth (DFW) Metroplex on November 1-3, 2012 at the Plano Convention Center in Plano, TX. The DFW Clean Cities Coalition planned the event which featured an expo hall, alternative fuel training, fleet-focused panel discussions, biking and transit panel discussions, and a “Ride and Drive.” Attendees were treated to an inspirational keynote speech by Jim Evanoff, retired Environmental Protection Specialist with Yellowstone National Park. The expo hall was packed with electric, natural gas, propane, and hybrid-powered vehicles as well as idle-reduction technology. Numerous vendors had displays showing the latest in clean and sustainable technology. Vehicles such as the Chevy Volt, Nissan Leaf, Coda all-electric sedan, Honda Civic GX, Toyota Prius, and several other fuel efficient vehicles were available for test drives. The first day of the conference was petroleum reduction training for Clean Cities coordinators and college instructors offered through the Clean Cities Learning Program. This train-the-trainer workshop covered the basic information for all the alternative fuels and even had an in-depth look at natural gas vehicles.

currently having success with alternative fuel vehicles. Also, a discussion on the latest funding and incentives informed attendees on the options available from the Department of Energy and other state and federal agencies. Representatives from Nissan, Honda, and Roush were on hand to provide an outlook for the next 18 months regarding the alternative fuel industry. The fleet day concluded with an awards reception for outstanding stakeholders based on the 2011 DFW Clean Cities Annual Survey. The final day of Texas AltCar was open to the public. Jim Evanoff once again provided a keynote speech followed by the City of Dallas presenting on biking and transit. Attendees kept the “Ride and Drive” busy all day by driving and learning from industry experts. The first year for Texas AltCar in DFW proved to be a tremendous success. The positive response from the public showed that DFW will continue to be a leader in reducing the use of foreign sources of petroleum and improving air quality.

The second day of the conference focused on fleet management and how to integrate alternative fuel vehicles into fleets. A room full of fleet managers from around North Texas heard from national fleets

kenneth bergstrom

Dallas-Fort Worth Clean Cities Coalition 817-704-5643 Winter 2013 |


Fuels Fix Winter 2013 Edition  

Nationwide coverage of alternative fuels, vehicles, and technologies. Brought to you by Clean Cities coalitions across the U.S.

Fuels Fix Winter 2013 Edition  

Nationwide coverage of alternative fuels, vehicles, and technologies. Brought to you by Clean Cities coalitions across the U.S.