Constructing Environments – week 4 What we did: for this week we went to the workshop. We were then separated into groups and given specific pieces of equipment. For my group we received 3 pieces of timber and one piece of pine wood. We were then given the task to build a span which was greater than 1m and able to withstand the greatest amount of force in its middle. Our group decided to go for more solid and compact design with two timbers nailed to each other and another one on the top where as everyone else sort of did the same design which was two pieces of timber on the sides with little pieces in the middle, with the pine on top. Other groups
Although my group wasn’t didn’t have the most innovative design and it did look as good as the other groups it was able the second largest force of 400N and it was only about 60N less the first place group who received more equipment than our group in comparison with the group who got the exactly the same material and was only able to withstand a downwards force of 100N.
One of the reasons that I think that our span structure wasn’t able to withstand a greater force is because we used nails to stick the timber together and that created cracks in the timber weakening the whole structure and if we had used screws that might not have happened enabling the structure to withstand a greater force and maybe winning the challenge for us .
Before the workshop we were also asked to analyse a few drawings of a building and answer a few questions about the drawings, which I found very interesting as it was very similar to what an engineer would do on a day to day basis and the questions were really helpful for me to understand a little more in how drawings actually work and how to read them.
TUTORIAL #: 17
GROUP MEMBERS: Joe, Dom, Vuk, Jorge CASE STUDY BUILDING NAME: Ormond College 1
List the types of information found in the title block on the floor plan page.
- Is there a grid? What system is used for identifying the grid lines? Yes, alphabetical and numerical.
- Title - Status - Scale - drawing number - Project number
- Why is some information found in General Notes? To provide other useful information.
- Revision number - Date - Orientation
- What is the purpose of the legend?
Why might this information be important?
To identify more details on the drawings without cluttering them.
For builders to understand what stage of what project they are working on as well as the scale and orientation.
DRAWING CONTENT - PLANS
- What type of information is shown in this floor plan? Doors, walls, room uses, external building dimensions, lighting types.
- Why are some parts of the drawing annotated? Illustrate how the annotations are associated with the relevant part of the drawing. To give extra details on specific parts of the building. Raking
- Provide an example of the dimensions as they appear on this floor plan? What units are used for the dimensions?
Illustrate how the locations of sections are identified on the plan. What do these symbols mean?
Measurements are in millimetres
A number on the bottom half of the circle, e.g. A4.01 refers to the drawing number, and letters on the top, e.g. EE the specific drawing
- Illustrate how references to other drawings are shown on the plan. What do these symbols mean?
3 The white arrows within the map provide references on another page in the direction the arrow faces. The codes identify the page.
- How are windows and doors identified? Provide and example of each. Is there a rationale to their numbering? What do these numbers mean? Can you find the answer somewhere in the drawings?
The D. 01 means door number 1 in room S 09, if there was a second door in the same room it would be D.02
- Illustrate how floor levels are noted on the plan?
Are some areas of the drawing clouded? Why? Yes, the clouded areas containing codes of an “A” in the triangle are linked to the parts clouded in the legend.
DRAWING CONTENT – ELEVATIONS
- What type of information is shown in this elevation? How does it differ from the information shown on the plan? The elevations show which face of the structure is displayed on the page e.g. North, East, South, West. The elevations also have annotation mentioning specific materials being used and special features to the structure such as water features.
- Are dimensions shown? If so, how do they differ from the dimensions on the plan? Provide an example of the dimensions as they relate to the elevation. Yes, the lengths and heights of various aspects of the structure are shown. They differ slightly from those shown in the plans as there are more of them. Each gap and
The letter in front of the room number depicts what level the floor is. On ground level the rooms begin with G, and on the first floor they begin with F, e.g. G.09 is the office on ground floor. d space is labelled and given dimensions.
- What types of levels are shown on the elevations? Illustrate how levels are shown in relation to the elevation.
- Illustrate how the doors and windows are identified on the elevations.
The first and second levels are shown.
- Is there a grid? If so, how / where is it shown?
- Are any parts of the elevation clouded? Why?
The elevation is separated into several numerical sections. The numbers are located along the top of the drawing
Existing buildings, as these are irrelevant to the construction of the new part of the building.
- Illustrate where this elevation is located in relation to the plan?
- Is there a legend? What does it identify and how is it used? Yes, it identifies which fixtures were used as well as various materials used.
- What types of information on the elevations are expressed using words? Illustrate how this is done. Words are used to annotate the elevation are used to provide notes on how to create parts of the structure in a particular way
DRAWING CONTENT â€“ SECTIONS
- What type of information is shown in this section? How does it differ from the information shown on the plan and elevation? Whereas the plan view is a horizontal section, this view shows a vertical plane cut through the building. This differs from an elevation as it
shows the internal structures of the building such as walls, floors and doors. - Provide examples of how different materials are shown on the sections.
- Are dimensions shown? If so, how do they differ from the dimensions on the elevation?
Different materials are shown by different density/patination of lines. For example the zinc cladding on the second level has wider sheets that represent the size of the zinc sheets whereas the wooden cladding has thinner spaced lines.
There are dimensions, however they appear to be the same as those in the elevation views, placed along major walls or structural components. - Find where this section is located on the plans. The number A2.05 represents the drawing number it refers to, and the different sections AA, BB, CC, DD are shown via the circular symbols on the corresponding drawings. - What types of information on the sections are expressed using words? Illustrate how this is done. The only information expressed in words is the use of the rooms or spaces, such as ‘Large Office’, ‘Male WC’, ‘Gallery’ etc.
- Illustrate how the section drawing differentiates between building elements that are cut through and those that are shown in elevation (beyond). Building elements that are cut through are shaded grey to represent this, whereas those that are shown beyond in elevation are left white.
DRAWING CONTENT â€“ DETAILS
- What sorts of things are detailed? The types of material used, the width and length types of support and how and where specific structures are made. - Are the details compressed using break lines? Why? No they arenâ€™t, because there is no need for them as each section which is detailed has a section symbol under it. - Provide examples of how different materials are shown on drawings at this scale. Glass block wall
- Find the locations of these details on the plans, elevations and sections.