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Thomas Del Mar Ltd

In association with Sotheby’s

Property Sold by Order of the Trustees of the

JOHN WOODMAN HIGGINS ARMORY COLLECTION To Benefit its Ongoing Study and Display

London Wednesday 20th March 2013


Auction EnquiRiEs AnD infoRmAtion Sale Number: Code name:

16 Higgins

Enquiries:

catalogue

Thomas Del Mar Ian Eaves Peter Smith

ÂŁ15 plus postage

George Duckett Sarah Ingoldby Amy-Lynn Kitchen

Thomas Del Mar Ltd 25 Blythe Road London W14 0PD Tel: +44 (0) 207 602 4805 Fax: +44 (0) 207 602 5973 Email: enquiries@thomasdelmar.com

Thomas Del Mar Ltd gratefully acknowledges the following for their assistance in the preparation of this catalogue: Jean-Baptiste Bacquart Matthew Barton George Duckett Arthur Millner Chantelle Rountree Max Rutherston

Front cover: Detail of lot 278, 280, 281 and 282 Back cover: Detail of lot 5, 4, 3 and 9

Photography: Rolant Dafis


Thomas Del Mar Ltd In association with

Sotheby’s PROPERTY SOLD BY ORDER OF THE TRUSTEES OF THE JOHN WOODMAN HIGGINS ARMORY COLLECTION TO BENEFIT ITS ONGOING STUDY AND DISPLAY TO BE SOLD BY AUCTION AT Thomas Del Mar Ltd 25 Blythe Road London W14 0PD

PUBLIC EXHIBITION Sunday 17th March 12 noon to 4pm Monday 18th March 10am to 7pm Tuesday 19th March 10am to 5pm

DAY OF SALE

Wednesday 20th March 2013 at 12 noon, precisely Listen to the auction live on tel. +44 (0) 20 7806 5535

This auction is conducted by Thomas Del Mar Ltd in accordance with our Conditions of Business printed in the back of this catalogue. All questions and comments relating to the operation of this sale or to its contents should be addressed to Thomas Del Mar Ltd and NOT to Sotheby’s.

View the catalogue online at www.thomasdelmar.com www.the-saleroom.com/thomasdelmar i


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Important Information for Buyers All lots are offered subject to Thomas Del Mar Ltd’s Condition’s of Business and to reserves. The Conditions of Business for Buyers are published at the end of the catalogue. Please note that all measurements including bore sizes are approximate. Estimates are published as a guide only and are subject to review. The actual hammer price of a lot may well be higher or lower than the range of figures given and there are no fixed “starting prices”. A Buyer’s premium of 20% is applicable to all lots in this sale. Excepting lots sold under Temporary Import rules which are marked with the symbol ‡ (see below), the Buyer’s Premium is subject to VAT at the standard rate (currently 20%). Lots offered for sale under the auctioneer’s margin scheme and VAT on the Buyer’s Premium is payable by all buyers. Lots marked with the symbol ‡ have been imported from outside the European Union (EU) to be sold at auction under Temporary Import Rules. When released to buyers within the EU, including the UK, the buyer will become the importer and must pay VAT at the rate of 5% on the hammer price. The Buyer’s premium will be subject to the standard VAT rate at 20%. Buyers outside the EU will normally be eligible to obtain a refund in respect of VAT, upon satisfactory documentary evidence of exportation. Further information on this matter is available on request. Thomas Del Mar Ltd. will be pleased to execute bids on behalf of those clients unable to attend the sale in person, subject to our Conditions of Business. All bids must be submitted in writing in good time and lots will always be purchased as cheaply as possible (depending on any other bids received, reserves and competition in the saleroom). This service is offered free of charge. Thomas Del Mar Ltd. can supply quotations for shipping of purchases, including transit insurance and VAT refund administration fees, and will assist in the application for any export licenses which may be required. Administration fees may be applicable for this. Buyers are reminded that it is their responsibility to comply with UK export regulations and with any local import requirements.

SPECIAL NOTICE FOR THIS SALE Please note that the armour stands and many of the display mounts used in the catalogue and the sale exhibition may be made available at cost price to the successful buyer of the relevant lot. Please contact us for prices and further details. Items will be stored at 25 Blythe Road, London W14 0PD for two weeks after the sale. Collection must be made within two weeks of the auction date, after which they will be transferred to a third party for storage. A transfer fee of £20 per lot plus all incurred transfer and storage costs will be payable prior to release. If you would like us to organise shipping please contact us to arrange a quote. For many of the lots copies of original bills of sale to John Woodman Higgins, and related correspondence, will be made available to purchasers.

Payment Payment is due in sterling at the conclusion of the sale and before purchases can be released. Please note that we require seven days to clear sterling cheques unless special arrangements have been made in advance of the sale. We are pleased to accept major credit cards (regrettably we are unable to accept American Express), for which a surcharge will be made of 3% of the transaction total. International debit cards attract a 3% surcharge. There is no charge for payments made by UK registered debit card. Cash payments and credit card payments above £6,000 will not be accepted without prior arrangement. Electronic transfers may be sent directly to our Bank: HSBC Bank Plc 38 High Street, Dartford, Kent DA1 1DG IBAN No.: Sort Code: Account Name.:

GB78MIDL40190481632140 40-19-04 Thomas Del Mar Ltd

BIC.: Account No.:

MIDLGB22 81632140

Storage On receipt of cleared funds, lots can be collected from Thomas Del Mar Ltd’s premises at 25 Blythe Road, London W14 0PD. Please note that collection is BY APPOINTMENT on +44 (0) 207 602 4805. See Special Notice for this sale above.

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Select Bibliography L. and R.A. Adkins 1982

L. and R.A. Adkins, A Thesaurus of British Archaeology, Totowa 1982

D. Alcouffe 1993

Daniel Alcouffe, Les Chasses de Maximilien, Musée du Louvre department des Objects d’art, Editions de la Réunion des Musées Nationaux, Paris, 1993 

H. R. d’Allemagne 1968

Henry Rene d’Allemagne, Decorative Antique Ironwork, a Pictorial Treasury, New York, 1968

I. Anstruther 1963

Ian Anstruther, The Knight and the Umbrella, Sutton, 1963

C. Ariès and M.Petard 1966-1978

Christian Ariès and Michel Petard, Armes Blanches Militaires Françaises, n°4, 1969

Arlington Cemetery

Arlington Cemetery website, http://www.arlingtoncemetery.net, Arlington, accessed January 2013

C. Avery 1981

Charles Avery, Studies in European Sculpture, London, 1981

L.G.Boccia and E.T. Coelho 1975

Lionello G. Boccia and Eduardo T. Coelho, Armi Bianche Italiane, Milan, 1975

E. J. Brett 1984

Edwin J. Brett, Pictorial and Descriptive Record of…Arms and Armour…Drawn from the Author’s Collection, London, 1984

T. Campbell 2001

Thomas Campbell, Tapestry in the Renaissance, Art and Magnificence, Metropolitan Museum of Art Exhibition, March-June 2002, Yale University Press, 2002

W. Fanger 1981

Walter Fanger, “Stilmerkmale Braunschweige Plattnerarbeiten”, in Brunswick 1031 – Braunschweig 1981, Städtisches Museum, Brunswick, 1981

C. Ffoulkes 1913

Charles Ffoulkes, Decorative Ironwork of the XIth to the XVIIIth Century, London, 1913

O. Gamber 1978

Ortwin Gamber, Waffe und Rüstung Eurasiens. Frühzeit und Antike Bibliothek für Kunst- und Antiquitätenfreunde, Braunschweig, 1978

E. A. Gessler 1928

Dr. E. A. Gessler, Führer durch die Waffensammlung, ein Abriss der Schweizerischen Waffenkunde, Zurich, 1928

J-A.Godoy and S. Leydi 2003

José-A. Godoy and Silvio Leydi, Parures Triomphales, Geneva, 2003

S. Grancsay 1961

Stephen V. Grancsay, The John Woodman Higgins Armory, Worcester, 1961

S. Grancsay 1966

Stephen V. Grancsay, Made of Iron, University of St Thomas Museum, Houston, September-December 1966, cat. No. 391

S.Grancsay 1986

Stephen V. Grancsay, Arms & Armor. Essays by Stephen V. Grancsay from the Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin 1920-1964, New York, 1986

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W.J. Karcheski Jr. and T.Richardson 2000

Walter J. Karcheski and Thom Richardson, The Medieval Armour from Rhodes, Leeds, 2000

R. T. W. Kempers 1998

R. T. W. Kempers, Eprouvettes, A Comprehensive Study of Early Devices for the Testing of Gunpowder, Leeds, 1998

C.O. von Kienbusch 1963

Carl Otto von Kienbusch, The Kretzschmar von Kienbusch Collection of Armor and Arms, Princeton, 1963

P. Krenn and W.J. Karcheski Jr. 1992

Peter Krenn and Walter J. Karcheski Jr., Imperial Austria, exhibition catalogue Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, 1992

E. A. Mowbray 1966

E. Andrew Mowbray, Arms & Armour from the Atelier of Ernst Schmidt Munich, Providence, 1966

J.L. Myres 1914

J.L. Myres, Handbook of the Cesnola Collection of Antiquities from Cyprus, New York, 1914

K. Pechstein 1985

K. Pechstein, Plaketten in Wenzel Jamnitzer und die Nürnberger Goldschmiedekunst 1500-1700, Nuremberg, 1985

J. R. Planché 1869

J. R. Planché, Catalogue of the Armour and Miscellaneous Objects of Art Known as the Meyrick Collection…exhibited at the South Kensington Museum, London, 1869

Sir S. Rush Meyrick and J. Skelton 1830

Sir Samuel Rush Meyrick and Joseph Skelton, Engraved Illustrations of Ancient Arms and Armour from the Collection at Goodrich Court, Herefordshire, Vol. I, London, 1830

I. Sinkevic 2006

Ida Sinkevic (ed.), Knights in Shining Armor, Myth and Reality, 1450-1650, Allentown, 2006

G. C. Stone 1934

George Cameron Stone, A Glossary of the Construction, Decoration and Use of Arms and Armour in all Countries and in all times, together with some closely related subjects, New York, 1934

M. Trömner 2005

Michael Trömner, Behältnissefür Kostbares 1500-1700, Verden, 2005

K. Ullmann 1961

Konrad Ullmann, “Lübeckische Plattner-Kunst”, Zeitschrift des Vereins für Lübeckische Geschichte und Altertumskunde, Vol. 4, 1961

K. Ullmann 1963

Konrad Ullmann, “Zur Frage der Stilmerkmale an Niederdeutschen Plattnerarbeiten”, Waffen- und Kostümkunde, Vol. 5, 1963

K. Ullmann 1968

Konrad Ullmann, Die Schönsten Harnische in der Emder Rüstkammer, 1968

I. Weber 1975

Ingrid Weber, Deutsche, Niederlaendische und Franzoesische Renaissance Plaketten, Munich, 1975

G. M. Wilson 1985

Guy M. Wilson, A Halberd-Head from the River Thames, published in The Second Park Lane Arms Fair catalogue, UK, 1985

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When I took over full curatorial responsibilities for the Higgins Armory in 2001, I inherited an important but complex legacy in the world of American museums. Arms and armor collections are highly desirable for museums in this country, where they are extremely popular with visitors, but where significant collections are few and far between. The Higgins collection, as the second largest of its kind in the western hemisphere, must be regarded as a national-level resource in the museum sphere. Yet at the opening of the twenty-first century, that collection was burdened by its own history in ways that were increasingly at odds with the museum’s mission and environment. John Woodman Higgins (1874-1961) was a steel industrialist who lived and worked in Worcester, Massachusetts. Nurtured in the arts-and-crafts culture of late nineteenth-century America, he felt that modern industry should be informed by the heritage of traditional craftsmanship. His formative years also corresponded to the height of Victorian medievalism in the United States, and from boyhood he had a romantic attachment to tales of knights and chivalry. These two strands of Higgins’s personality intersected in the suit of plate steel armor, which he felt embodied the pinnacle of craftsmanship in his chosen field of work. When he and his father founded the Worcester Pressed Steel Company in 1905, the young John Higgins selected an armored knight for the company’s logo (see lot 364, illustrated facing) During World War I, Higgins was engaged as an industrial consultant for the armor development project headed by Dr. Bashford Dean, curator of arms and armor at the Metropolitan Museum of Art. After the war, Dean encouraged Higgins to pursue armor collecting, and by the late 1920s Higgins was aggressively acquiring armor through venues like the Hohenwerfen sale of 1927 and through dealers such as Sir Joseph Duveen. By this time, Higgins had already decided to found a museum of metalcraft on the campus of his WPS factory: the articles of incorporation of the museum were signed early in 1928, and the John Woodman Higgins Armory Museum opened its doors on January 12, 1931. Higgins’s museum of metalcraft was an art deco glass-and-steel structure from the outside, while the inside was designed as a Gothic great hall. One wing of the galleries was dedicated to modern examples of the craft—a Piper Cub airplane, an automobile chassis, decorative ironwork by Edgar Brandt. The other wing was dominated by the “100 Steel Knights” that Higgins proudly promised to his visitors. After Higgins’s death, leadership of the museum passed to his family, and ultimately to an independent board of trustees by 1980. By this time it was clear that Higgins’s idiosyncratic mélange of objects and messages did not make for a well-defined museum, and the museum had begun to refocus its mission on the armor that was the jewel in the crown of the Higgins collection. A major project of deaccessioning disposed of much of the museum’s modern material, and the Armory proper took over both wings of the Great Hall. While the museum professionalized its collections stewardship during the 1980s and 90s under the curatorship of Walter J. Karcheski, Jr., museum practices were themselves evolving. The charmingly jumbled cabinet of curiosities was giving way to a more focused approach to curation. Hard financial realities helped push this process forward: in an environment of shrinking resources, museums have had to become more strategic in their thinking, ensuring that limited assets are deployed to maximum effect. This is especially true of an institution as dependent on earned income as the Higgins Armory: with an endowment that generates less than ten percent of the institution’s operating expenses, this museum has to ensure that its mission of stewardship works hand-in-hand with the income-generating activities that make stewardship possible. The objects offered in the present sale therefore represent a strategic initiative undertaken to complete a process of refocusing initiated in the 1970s, and intended to ensure long-term stewardship of this precious collection. Higgins created a museum packed with objects in a mere four years, the better part of a century ago. Much of what he collected is no longer relevant to the museum’s mission: reproduction works by early twentieth-century craftsmen; multiple duplicates of military equipment of the 1500s and 1600s; items of household metalcraft from ancient Greece and Rome. While these objects may not support the mission of the Higgins Armory, for modern collectors they offer a remarkable opportunity: they are eminently collectible in their own right, and offer a rare chance to tap into the market of Higgins’s collecting days. There are many pieces in this catalogue that it grieved me to see leaving the building, but I am glad to think that they will find new homes where they will be appreciated as they deserve.

Dr. Jeffrey L. Forgeng Paul S. Morgan Curator The Higgins Armory Collection March 2013

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Eastern Arms, Armour and Works of Art 1 A JAPANESE SO-CALLED SWORD BREAKER AND THREE ARROW SHAFTS, EDO PERIOD the first with robust blade of hexagonal section and polyhedral tip, iron hilt comprising down-curved quillons, faceted pommel matching the blade tip, and cord-bound wooden grip and the arrows of wood, with integral nocks (worn, heads and flights missing the first: 39.5cm; 15 1/2in blade (4) Provenance JWHA Inv. Nos. 2129.1, 3311 ‡ £250-350

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2 A JAPANESE LONG SPEAR (OMI NO YARI), AND THREE FURTHER SPEARS (YARI) the first with long double-edged blade of triangular section tapering to a sharp point, cut with a single fuller, five-sided shank, signed long tang, on a wooden haft decorated in black lacquer with a banded pattern, fitted with copper ferrule, and iron shoe; the second with short steel head, on its haft (losses); the third decorated with mother-of-pearl at the top (head missing) the first 71cm; 28in head (3) Provenance The first: Edward E. Shedd, Allston, Massachusetts The second: Samuel Spanierman, New York, 6th December 1934 The third: Louis Bachereau, Paris, 3rd September 1933 JWHA Inv. Nos. 2168.a, 2227, 63 Exhibited The first: Worcester Art Museum, 5th April-22nd June 2003, “Samurai Spirit” The tang of the first is signed Sagami (no) kami Masatsune nyudo, implying that it is made by the first Owari Masatsune, originally of Mino, active 1535-1619. ‡ £700-1,000

2 signature

2

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3 A JAPANESE PART ARMOUR (TOSEI GUSOKU), EDO PERIOD comprising eight-plate russet iron kabuto, inlaid in silver and gold with dragons and cloud ornament, with extensive inscription at the rear, fitted with one-piece mabizashi with kuwagata-dai, the former decorated en suite with the skull, shikoro of four lames (three detached and disarticulated), the uppermost with fukigaeshi decorated with a gilt mon at the front, well modelled mempo signed ‘Yasunari saku’ on the chin and with detachable nose (burnished bright), russet iron dō of eleven plates, the front plate inlaid in silver with a scene involving a female figure in combat with a dragon, the backplate with a lengthy inscription, a pair of lacquered kosode each of seven lames, haidate composed of numerous faceted rectangular plates joined by mail on fabric, and a pair of lacquered iron eight-plate kogake (areas of wear throughout) See note at front of catalogue for information concerning stands Part of the long inscription reads: ‘Naito Hachinojo Showaden roshin Sato Mataichiro konomi, Bushu (Musashi) Hitachi Shimousa sankakoku ko-suki-gane juugo rentan, Tobu seisaku kore ima no yoni e gatashi makotoni juho nari, Ichikuze Ken zo, Kaei sichi kinoe-tora nigatsu kichi, Shinmei Heisaburo Shin’ei’ [This is a rare and precious treasure and was reputedly made by utilizing fifteen ancient hoes from the three counties of the Shimousa region of Hitachi Province in Musashi . This was made for Sato Mataichiro, a senior Tokugawa government official at the Naito Hachinojo Showaden office. Shinmei of Ichikuze Kenzo and Shin’ei of Ichikuze Heisaburo, an auspicious day in the second month of Kaei 7th year of kinoetora, equivalent to 1854]. We assume Shinmei and Shin’ei to be the names of the makers. Myochine Yasunari was active circa 1850 Provenance JWHA inv. no. 1695 ‡ £1500-2500

3

3 backplate

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4 A JAPANESE ARMOUR (TOSEI GUSOKU), EDO PERIOD comprising twenty-four plate lacquered iron kabuto, shikoro of six lames, lacquered iron mempo with detachable nose, lacquered red on the inside and carrying a yodarekake of four lames, lacquered dō, kusazuri of five lames, a pair of mail and lacquered iron kote, and mail and lacquered iron haidate and suneate en suite with the kote (some wear and minor losses) Provenance JWHA Inv. No. 2809 See note at front of catalogue for information concerning stands ‡ £1500-2500

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5 A JAPANESE ARMOUR (TOSEI GUSOKU), EDO PERIOD comprising twenty four plate hoshi-sujikabuto profusely studded over its outer surface, fitted with mabizashi lacquered red on its underside, engraved brass maedate in the form of a vajra and decorated with flowers and foliage, shikoro of three lacquered iron lames, the uppermost with fukigaeshi, finely modelled russet iron ressei style mempo lacquered red on the inside, fitted with a pair of pierced ears, detachable nose and with traces of a moustache, yodarekake of three lames, russet iron lamellar dō lacquered on the inside, kusazuri of five lames, a pair of ko-sode each of seven lames, the middle lames applied with an engraved gilt-brass plaque (one with four detached lames, a pair of russet iron and mail kote, lacquered iron haidate, suneate and kogake Provenance JWHA Inv. No. 2032 See note at front of catalogue for information concerning stands Literature Stephen V. Grancsay, The John Woodman Higgins Armory, Worcester, Massachusetts, 1961, p. 124 (ill.) ‡ £1000-1500

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6 A COMPOSITE JAPANESE PART ARMOUR (TOSEI GUSOKU), EDO PERIOD comprising lacquered iron yokohagi-dō, fitted at the front with a pair of gilt-brass butterfly mon, the interior lined with gilt lacquered leather kusazuri of five lames, a pair of redlacquered iron and mail kote, and lacquered iron and mail haidate (worn throughout, losses) Provenance JWHA Inv. No. 2810 See note at front of catalogue for information concerning stands The mon is that of the Ikeda family ‡ £1000-1500

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7 A COMPOSITE JAPANESE ARMOUR (TOSEI GUSOKU), EDO PERIOD comprising lacquered skull embossed in imitation of thirty-two plates, fitted with mabizashi, kuwagata-dai and shikoro of four lames with fukigaeshi, lacquered iron lamellar dō formed of horizontal plates with cusped upper borders and gilt mon at the top (losses), kusazuri of five lames highlighted with gold, a pair of lacquered leather ko-sode, mail and lacquered iron kote, mail and lacquered iron haidate, and a pair of suneate (worn throughout, losses) See note at front of catalogue for information concerning stands Provenance Thomas Woroniecki, New York, 9th May 1945, no. 5097 JWHA Inv. No. 2813 ‡ £800-1200

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8 A JAPANESE ARMOUR (TOSEI GUSOKU), EDO PERIOD comprising five plate lacquered iron kabuto, shikoro of six lames (four in two pieces and disarticulated), the uppermost with lacquered fukigaeshi, mempo, of russet iron, realistically modelled, inscribed in red lacquer 10th generation Muneyasu [Myōchin Muneyasu was working 1833-38], the inside lacquered red (losses), the exterior fitted with a pair of pierced ears, provision for a detachable nose (missing), and a rosette stud on the chin, the lower border decorated with a roped pattern and studded with two demi rosettes and a central rosette, and associated yodarekake of five red lacquered iron lames, the lower four fitted with a hinged panel on each side, lacquered iron dō of horizontally overlapping plates, a pair of mail and lacquered iron kote, haidate of patterned fabric with lacquered gilt leaves, and a pair of mail and lacquered iron suneate (worn throughout) See note at front of catalogue for information concerning stands Provenance The mempo: Metropolitan Museum of Art, deaccessioned, Parke-Bernet Galleries Inc., New York, 15th November 1956, part of lot 195 JWHA Inv. No. 2191, the mempo inv. no. 3139 ‡ £700-900

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9 A COMPOSITE JAPANESE ARMOUR (TOSEI GUSOKU), EDO PERIOD comprising sixteen plate kabuto lacquered red on the inside, fitted with mabizashi, kuwagata-dai and shikoro of three lames (one detached), the upper most with fukigaeshi, well detailed iron mempo with stylised ears, fitted with detachable nose (painted black), lamellar dō, kusazuri of five lames, a pair of ko-sode, lacquered iron and mail kote, lamellar haedate, and a pair of russet iron suneate (worn throughout, losses) See note at front of catalogue for information concerning stands Provenance Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York Parke-Bernet Galleries Inc., New York, 15th November 1956, lot 189 JWHA Inv. No. 3138 ‡ £700-1000

10 ELEMENTS OF A JAPANESE ARMOUR (TOSEI GUSOKU), EDO PERIOD comprising lacquered iron mempo (incomplete), leather dō with gilt fittings, kusazuri of five lames, a pair of ko-sode each of six lames, and further small elements (almost entirely disarticulated, losses) Provenance JWHA Inv. No. 2812.1-6 See note at front of catalogue for information concerning stands ‡ £400-600

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11 12

11 signature

11 A JAPANESE HELMET (KABUTO), EDO PERIOD with ten piece russet iron skull, signed Kaname Hideshige on the inside at the rear, dented at the front and the back, probably a proof mark, fitted with mabizashi lacquered red on the underside, large decorated tehen-kanamono formed of differing layers of shakudo and gilt metal, kuwagata-dai, a pair of brackets for wakidate, and four lugs and a ring at the rear (shikoro missing) 17.8cm; 7in high The maker is probably Nakatani Kaname, active in the mid-Edo period, i.e. early 18th century Provenance Mortimer J. Downing, Upper Stepney, Connecticut, 24th January 1930

12 A JAPANESE HELMET (KABUTO), EDO PERIOD with eighteen piece skull joined by numerous rivets with spiked heads, signed SaotomeIechika [working circa 1650] inside at the rear, fitted with mabezashi retained some red lacquer on the inside, kuwagata-dai and shakudo tehenkanamono (shikoro missing) 22.5cm; 8 3/42in high Provenance Giulia Morosini, sold American Art Association, New York, 10th15th October 1932, part of lot 160 JWHA Inv. No. 1867 ‡ £1000-1500

JWHA Inv. No. 1060 ‡ £1500-2000

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13 A JAPANESE HELMET (KABUTO), EDO PERIOD, EARLY 17TH CENTURY with four piece russet iron skull rising to a very tall rounded point, fitted with mabizashi lacquered black on the outer face and decorated with three fujii-mitsubishi-monin mother-ofpearl, shikoro of five iron lames, lacquered black on the outside and gilt on the inside, and fukigaeshi decorated with gilt mon en suite with the mabizashi (the lacquer with losses throughout) 50cm; 19 3/4in high Provenance Kano Oshima, New York, 15th October 1932, part of lot 168 JWHA Inv. No. 1752 ‡ £600-800

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14 A JAPANESE HELMET (KABUTO), EDO PERIOD, 16TH/17TH CENTURY with six plate russet iron momo-nari skull formed with four radiating ribs each reinforced with an engraved shaped panel on the outer surface, the frontal plate embossed in imitation of eyebrows, fitted with kuwagata-dai, shikoro of five lacquered iron lames, and a pair of fukigaeshi (losses) 28cm; 11in high Provenance Kano Oshima, New York, 14th December 1932, no. 19636 JWHA Inv. No. 1884 ‡ £500-700


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15 A JAPANESE HELMET (KAWARI-KABUTO), EDO PERIOD, 18TH/19TH CENTURY with five piece russet iron skull with red interior, the front plate beak-shaped and swept rearward, the crown fitted with a large demi-chrysanthemum-kanamono, a pair of further chrysanthemum on each side, mabizashi with cabled fukurin and kuwagata-dai (shikoro missing) 30cm; 11 7/8in high

16 A JAPANESE HELMET (KABUTO), EDO PERIOD with ten piece russet iron skull joined by numerous rivets with spiked heads, signed Katsushige inside at the rear, the front plate of faceted beak shape, fitted with mabizashi retaining some red lacquer on the underside, and kuwagata-dai (shikoro missing) 23cm; 9 1/8in high

Provenance Giulia Morosini, sold American Art Association, New York, 10th15th October 1932, part of lot 158

Provenance Kano Oshima, New York, 15th October 1932, part of lot 169 JWHA Inv. No. 1756 ‡ £400-600

JWHA Inv. No. 1865 ‡ £400-600

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18

17 signature

17 A JAPANESE HELMET (KABUTO), EDO PERIOD eight piece russet iron skull joined by two ring-shaped washers around its circumference, each pierced with numerous inome, fitted at the base with two studs at the front and a pierced strap at the rear for fixing to the base, the base formed of twelve plates, signed ‘Kōsei saku’ at the rear, fitted with mabizashi embossed with a pair of stylised antlers, and fitted at each side with a pair of planar ‘horns’ (shikoro missing) 25cm; 9 7/8in high

18 A JAPANESE HELMET (KABUTO), EDO PERIOD, 18TH/19TH CENTURY with five piece russet iron skull of ‘beetle-wing’ form, the top of the skull covered with two plates each chased in low relief with traditional dragons with brass eyes against a cloudy background, the brow plate clumsily inscribed on the left, embossed in imitation of eyebrows and with kuwagata-dai, and a rosette washer left and right (shikoro missing) 15.5cm; 6 1/8in high

Provenance Kano Oshima, New York, 15th October 1932, part of lot 169

Provenance JWHA Inv. No. 1059

JWHA Inv. No. 1757

‡ £400-600

‡ £400-600

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19

20

20 signature

19 A JAPANESE HELMET (KABUTO), EDO PERIOD with nine piece russet iron skull of momo-gata (peach-pattern) form, fitted with mabizashi, with silver fukurin, kuwagata-dai and a pair of pegs for wakidate (shikoro missing) 15cm; 6in high Provenance Kano Oshima, New York, 14th December 1932, no. 19553 JWHA Inv. No. 1880 ‡ £300-500

20 A JAPANESE HELMET (KABUTO), EDO PERIOD with seven piece russet iron skull of zukinnari (old man’s hat) form, retained by a series of rivets with pronounced heads, inscribed ‘Myochin’ [working 1800] in red lacquer on the inside, the frontal plate embossed with an eyebrow patterns and with integral peak 18cm; 7 1/8in high Provenance Yamanaka & Co., New York, 21st October 1935 JWHA Inv. No. 2278 ‡ £300-500

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22

21 TWO JAPANESE HELMETS (KABUTO), EDO PERIOD the first with one piece skull embossed in imitation of sixty two plates, petal shaped mabizashi lacquered red on the underside, shakudo three-stage tehen-kanamono, fitted with a shakudoagemaki no kan at the back, fitted with contemporary lining (shikoro missing); the second with thirty four plate skull, shaped mabizashi with kuwagata-dai, (central washer and lining missing), and with four protruding studs (shikoro missing) 17cm; 6 3/4in and 15cm; 6in high (2)

22 TWO JAPANESE STIRRUPS (ABUMI), A JAPANESE FLANCHARD (AORI), AN UNDER SADDLE BLANKET, AND A SHABRAQUE, EDO PERIOD the first two of characteristic form, each decorated in soft metal, the earlier one with repeated stylised flowers within rondel frames and the other with peonies (losses); together with a saddle blanket, of red cloth covered with string netting, gilt doe-skin borders, a series of very long string tassels along each side and the top set with three fabric bosses; pair of saddle pads and a shabraque, of dark blue cloth with embroidered silver wire border the first: 24cm; 9 1/2in high the second: 25cm; 9 7/8in high (4)

Provenance The first: Kano Oshima, New York, 14th December 1932, no. 19634 The second: Giulia Morosini, sold American Art Association, New York, 10th-15th October 1932, part of lot 160 JWHA Inv. No. 1883, 1866 ‡ £500-800

16

Provenance JWHA Inv. Nos. 168-170, 1071.2, 2140.b ‡ £350-450


23

24 23 A 16 BORE JAPANESE SNAP MATCHLOCK MUSKET (TANEGASHIMA TEPPO), EDO PERIOD, CIRCA 1835-40 with tapering sighted barrel strongly moulded at the muzzle, formed with a long flat, and integral pan, incised signature of Suzuki Norinao beneath the breech, inlaid in nunome over the greater part of its surface in silver with a dragon and cloud ornament, a further inscription over the breech ‘Matsudaira Hoki no kami’ and a mitsudomoe-mon in gold, retained by a single brass breech band and a series of bolts (the bolts now missing), iron serpentine with silver scrollwork (fence and pivot pan-cover missing), and black lacquered full stock (cracked ahead of the lock, small losses), decorated with seven differing gilt mon (ramrod missing) 75.5cm; 29 3/4in barrel Provenance Giulia Morosini, sold American Art Association, New York, 10th15th October 1932, part of lot 154

24 A 50 BORE JAPANESE SNAP MATCHLOCK MUSKET (TANEGASHIMA TEPPO), EDO PERIOD, CIRCA 1840-80 with tapering octagonal sighted barrel strongly moulded at the muzzle, block-shaped back-sight, inlaid with a silver line at the breech (losses) and signed beneath: jigane makihari Osaka ju Uryu Sahei saku [the body of steel and makihari finish, made by Uryu Sahei of Osaka], integral pan with brass pivot cover, brass lock with serpentine, cherrywood full stock of characteristic form (cracked about the tang), and brass mounts including engraved butt plate and rosette washers for the barrel bolts (ramrod missing) 100cm; 39 1/2in barrel Provenance JWHA Inv. No. 2084 ‡ £700-1000

JWHA Inv. No. 1863.1 Exhibited Worcester Art Museum, 5th April-22nd June 2003, “Samurai Spirit” ‡ £1200-1800

24 detail

23 detail

17


25 A JAPANESE MODEL CARP (JIZAI), LATE EDO/EARLY MEIJI PERIOD of articulated russet iron, finely detailed, the body formed of numerous sections cut in imitation of scales, fitted with moveable fins, gills and set with a pair of naturalistic (possibly glass) eyes 26.7cm; 10 1/2 in Provenance Yamanaka & Co., New York, 30th October 1941 JWHA Inv. No. 2637 ‡ £1000-1500 26 A JAPANESE MODEL HERMIT CRAB AND A PRAWN (JIZAI), MEIJI PERIOD each of articulated russet iron, finely detailed, the first with spiralling top shell, signed body and segmental limbs; the second with fixed naturalistic body, articulated legs, pincers and gills the first: 14.5cm; 5 3/4 in Provenance The first: Kano Oshima, New York, 14th April 1939 JWHA Inv. No. 2507, 2015.10 Exhibited University of St Thomas, Houston, Texas, “Made of Iron”, September-December 1966 ‡ £500-800

18

27 A JAPANESE MYŌCHIN MODEL SNAKE (JIZAI), MEIJI PERIOD of articulated russet iron, finely detailed, signed ‘Munekazu’ beneath the lower jaw, with tapering body formed of approximately two hundred and eight shaped segments, well detailed head with articulated mouth, signed on the underside, the eyes set with brass pellets, and retaining traces of blued finish 96cm; 37 3/4in long Provenance Yamanaka & Co., New York, 15th April 1936, no. K3646 YT6412 JWHA Inv. No. 2307 ‡ £2000-3000


25

26

27

19


28 A PAIR OF JAPANESE ARTICULATED CRICKETS (JIZAI), LATE MEIJI PERIOD each of articulated russet iron and well detailed, each signed Kōzan beneath the left inner wing (one missing a horn) the first: 7.5cm; 3in long (2) Takase Kōzan was active in Kyoto in the early years of the 20th century. Provenance Yamanaka & Co., New York, 20th November 1933 JWHA Inv. Nos. 2015.1, 2015.5 ‡ £400-600

31 THREE JAPANESE ARTICULATED FIGURINES (JIZAI), LATE MEIJI PERIOD each of articulated russet iron and well detailed, the first formed as a horned beetle, signed Kōzan beneath the inner right wing; the second formed as a grass hopper, signed Kōzan beneath the inner left wing; and the third formed as a dragonfly 4.8cm; 1 3/4in to 7cm; 2 3/4 in (3) Takase Kōzan was active in Kyoto in the early years of the 20th century. Provenance Yamanaka & Co., New York, 21st October 1935 JWHA Inv. No. 2280.1-3 ‡ £500-700

29 A PAIR OF JAPANESE ARTICULATED FIGURINES (JIZAI), LATE MEIJI PERIOD each of articulated russet iron and well detailed, comprising a cricket and a praying mantis, each signed Kōzan beneath the left inner wing the first: 12cm; 4 3/4in long (2) Takase Kōzan was active in Kyoto in the early years of the 20th century. Provenance Yamanaka & Co., New York, 20th November 1933 JWHA Inv. Nos. 2015.3, 2015.6 ‡ £400-600

30 TWO JAPANESE ARTICULATED FIGURINES (JIZAI), LATE MEIJI PERIOD each of articulated russet iron and well detailed, comprising a butterfly, and a dragonfly, each signed Kōzan beneath (2) The first: 11.5cm; 4 1/2in wide Takase Kōzan was active in Kyoto in the early years of the 20th century. Provenance Yamanaka & Co., New York, 20th November 1933 and 21st October 1935 JWHA Inv. Nos. 2015.4, 2015.2 ‡ £600-800

20

32 A LARGE JAPANESE MYŌCHIN MODEL DRAGONFLY (JIZAI), EDO PERIOD of articulated russet iron, well detailed, with fixed body formed with a rectangular lug and signed beneath, two pairs of engraved hinged wings, six legs and characteristic bulging eyes 20.5 cm; 8 in Provenance Kano Oshima, New York, 1st June 1939 JWHA Inv. No. 2517 ‡ £300-500


28

29

30

31

32

21


33

33 A PAIR OF JAPANESE MIXED METAL WHIST OR BEZIQUE COUNTERS AND A SMALL TINDER BOX NETSUKE, MEIJI PERIOD (1868-1912) with floral sprays in good quality iroe-takazogan; together with a Japanese black lacquer box, the lid with gilt leafy tendrils and a bird; and the last of steel, one face decorated with soft metal flowers (rubbed), the other with a ting for suspension and a rosette, and the interior with sprung mechanism (defective) the first two: 9cm; 3 1/2in long the third: 14cm; 5 1/2in wide the last: 3.5cm; 1 3/8in long (4)

22

Provenance The first: Mrs Sumner Pingree, Boston, 27th March 1943 The last: Kano Oshima, New York, 1st June 1939 JWHA Inv. No. 2718, 2513 ‡ £200-300


34

34 TWO CHINESE BRONZE SWORDS (JIAN), A SWORD HILT, ZHOU DYNASTY AND TWO HALBERD DAGGER-AXES (GE), ZHOU DYNASTY OR EARLY WARRING STATES (1050-221 BC) in excavated condition, the first cast in one piece, with broad double-edged of flattened diamond section, moulded guard, and the grip with two raised bands (pommel missing); the second with tapering blade of flattened diamond section, moulded grip similar to the first, and later chiselled pommel; the third with near cylindrical grip formed with three raised slender bands, and elliptical pommel; the fourth and fifth of characteristic form, each pierced with rectangular slots, and the fifth decorated with a raised central ridge on each side of the head the first: 32.5cm; 12 3/4in blade (5)

Provenance The first and the third: Sumner Healey, New York, 30th April 1929 The fifth: Sunglin, no. H301, sold Herbert J. Devine, New York, 14th May 1936 JWHA Inv. Nos. 238.9, 292, 238.31, 2318, 2325 Exhibited The first: Worcester Polytechnic Institute 23rd October-20th December 2007 ‥ £1000-1200

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35 A CHINESE BRONZE DAGGER, HAN DYNASTY (206BC220AD), A BRONZE KNIFE AND AN ISLAMIC BRONZE BUCKLE, PROBABLY PERSIA, 11TH/12TH CENTURY in excavated condition, the first cast in two longitudinal sections, with sharply tapering blade formed with a medial ridge, the hilt with a pair of short quillons, pierced grip cast with a spiralling pattern in imitation of fabric, pierced compressed globular pommel; the second with slender fullered blade, recessed ricasso incised with brief inscriptions, and faceted D-shaped ring pommel; the third with shaped terminal incised with seven circles each filled with a further concentric circle, and D-shaped ring the first: 13cm; 5 1/8in blade (3) Provenance The first: Yamanaka & Co., New York, sold Parke-Bernet Galleries, New York, 15th June 1944, lot 508 The third: Sumner Healey, New York, 27th March 1928 JWHA Inv. Nos. 2769, 2457, 518.5 ‥ £150-250

35

24


36

36 A CHINESE BRONZE HELMET, PROBABLY ZHOU DYNASTY (1050-221 BC) in excavated condition, with one piece skull, reinforced around the rim (losses), pierced at the top for a finial, each side for cheek-pieces, and at the back for a neck-guard, and patinated green-brown throughout 17cm; 6 3/4in high Provenance Yamanaka & Co., New York, 15th April 1936 JWHA Inv. No. 2310.1 ‡ £1000-1200

25


37 THREE CHINESE BRONZE MIRRORS, TANG DYNASTY (618-922) AND LATER one in the form of an eight petal lotus, the recessed central roundel with moulded relief decoration comprising a pair of cranes and various plant forms, the second of square form with silvered reflecting face, the other side with two column inscription in Chinese, and another, probably a late cast, of circular form, with moulded dragon design in relief the first: 17cm (6 3/4in) diameter (3) Provenance Yamanaka & Co., New York, the first and second sold by order of the Alien Property Custodian of the United States; ParkeBernet Galleries Inc., New York, 15th June 1944, lots 515 & 500, the third purchased directly from Yamanaka & Co., New York, 16th April, 1936. JWHA Inv. Nos. 2759, 2310.2, 2762 ‡ £700-900

37 38 THREE CHINESE BRONZE MIRRORS, TANG DYNASTY (618-922) each of circular form, one with dragon design in moulded low relief and silvered reflecting face, the second with incised silvered stylised lotus motif, the third with silvered reflecting face and dual handle(?) attachment The first: 13cm (5 1/8in); the second 18cm (7 1/8in); the third 19.5cm (7 3/4in) diameter Provenance Yamanaka & Co., New York, the sold by order of the Alien Property Custodian of the United States Parke-Bernet Galleries Inc., New York, 15th June 1944, part of lots 500 & 515 JWHA Inv. Nos. 2763, 2765, 2758 ‡ £250-350

39 A PAIR OF CHINESE STIRRUPS, 18TH/ 19TH CENTURY of iron, with oval treads, slender side bars rising to a pierced loop for suspension, the principal surfaces decorated in silver with linear designs, foliage and a fish (rubbed) 15.5cm; 6 1/8in high (2)

38

Provenance Mrs C. W. Amner, Somerville, Massachusetts JWHA Inv. No. 1670.1-2 ‡ £100-150

26


40

40 NINE CHINESE HAFTED WEAPONS, 18TH AND 19TH CENTURIES comprising three tridents, or so-called tiger spears, each with central spike, and a pair of arms forming a u-shaped projection of flattened diamond section, the first decorated with gold, each on its wooden haft; three glaives (kan), the fourth with broad blade formed with a near straight tip, and tapering socket, on a wooden haft; the fifth with clipped back point, and tapering faceted socket, on its wooden haft with tassel; the sixth with knife like blade, tapering socket, on its wooden haft; two hooked spears (Qiang), of characteristic form, each on its wooden haft; and a painted haft, finely decorated with foliage and traditional motifs in polychrome (10)

Provenance The first: Thomas Woroniecki, New York, 8th April 1944 The second: Fenton & Sons Ltd, London, 27th April 1930, no. 32883 The fourth and eighth: Dr. Bashford Dean, Riverdale, New York, 28th September 1929 The sixth: Giulia Morosini, sold American Art Association, New York, 10th-15th October 1932, part lot 199 The ninth: Louis Bachereau, Paris, 3rd September 1933 JWHA Inv. Nos. 2740.1, 1160, 2081.4, 2801.1, 868, 2081.3, 1835, 863, 1253, 1973 ‥ £400-600

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41

42

41 THREE CHINESE SHORTSWORDS, A TALISMANIC COIN SWORD, A FALCHION AND TWO SCABBARDS the first from a set of two, with tapering single-edged blade, engraved brass hilt, and carved wooden grip; the second similar; the third with tapering double-edged blade formed with a spear point, brass hilt and fluted wooden grip; the fourth of sword shape and composed of numerous coins, the fifth with broad spatulate blade with a clipped back point, brass guard, and banded wooden grip; the sixth with wooden body and brass mounts, and the last with chased silver mounts the first: 72cm; 28 1/2in head (7)

42 TWO CHINESE PARRYING WEAPONS, 19TH CENTURY the first formed of a circular ring of flattened diamond section, partially bound to form a grip, fitted with a concentric inner crescent; the second formed of a long blade with a hooked terminal, the lower portion bound and fitted with a projecting shallow crescent for blade catching the first: 36cm; 14 1/4in diameter (2)

Provenance The first Milton R. Macintosh, Rhode Island, acquired December 1970 JWHA Inv. Nos. 3783, 3514, 3304, 3509, 2076, 3296, 209 ‡ £250-350

Provenance The first: ‘Blue Wave’, Kennebunk, Massachusetts, 7th September 1937 The second: Francis Bannerman & Sons, New York, 10th May 1944 JWHA Inv. Nos. 2456, 2747.2 A similar example to the first is illustrated in G. C. Stone 1934, p. 348, illus 436 ‡ £120-180

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43

43 SIX SOUTHEAST ASIAN EDGED WEAPONS FROM THE PHILIPPINES CAMPAIGN OF 1898-1906, AND LATER PRESENTED TO THE HIGGINS MUSEUM BY THE DESCENDANT FAMILY OF BRIGADIER GENERAL WILLIAM HAMDEN SAGE (1859-1922) the first three Moro kris, the blades encrusted with silver bands at the base, the grips overlaid with sheet silver and silver wire in alternating bands, and two with silver pommels formed as a stylised dragon; the fourth a barong, with broad leaf-shaped blade, and carved bone grip encased with chased copper at the base; the fifth a parang, with cleaver shaped blade and carved wooden grip, the sixth an Igorot headsman’s axe, of characteristic form, with long wooden haft the first: 56.5cm; 22 1/4in blade Provenance Donated to the John Woodman Higgins Armory Collection 9th May 1957 by Nathaniel Sage, Jr. and William H. Sage III, grandsons of Brigadier General William Hamden Sage (1859-1922). JWHA Inv. Nos. 3143.10, 3143.13, 3143.6, 3143.15, 3143.12, 3143.7 Sage was born at Centerville, New York, 6th April 1859. He graduated from West Point in 1882; from the Army War College

in 1907. He was commissioned a Second Lieutenant, 5th United States Infantry, June 13, 1882 and was promoted through the grades to Colonel, 12th U.S. Infantry, June 13, 1915; temporary Major General, National Guard, August 5, 1917. He was professor of Military Sciences and Tactics, Central University of Kentucky, Richmond, Kentucky, 1892-93; on garrison duty in Texas, 189495; Aide-de-Camp to General Ovenshine in the Philippines in 1898; served as Adjutant General, 1st and 2nd Brigades, 1st Division, XIII Army Corps; Adjutant General, 3rd District, Mindanao and Jolo, Philippines; Malsbang, Philippines, 1906; at the War College, 1906-07; Adjutant General, Department of the Columbia, 1907; Mexican Border Service, 1916-17; Commander, Camp Shelby, Hattisburg, Mississippi, September 1917-March 1918; served with the American Expeditionary Forces in France in World War I. He was awarded the Medal of Honor for service during the Philippine Insurrection, at Zapote River, Philippines, June 13, 1899. The citation reads as follows: “With nine men volunteered to hold an advanced position and held it against a terrific fire of the enemy estimated at 1,000 strong. Taking a rifle from a wounded man, and cartridges from the belts of others, Captain Sage himself killed 5 of the enemy.” He died on June 4, 1922 and is buried in Arlington National Cemetery. Abridged from http://www.arlingtoncemetery.net ‡ £500-700

29


44 44 A RARE MORO TRIBESMANS SHIRT 19TH CENTURY formed of thick brass butted links extending to the upper thigh and the top of the arms, the front and back with rows of horn plaques, a single row of brass plaques towards the base, the main frontal plates enriched with small chased silver plaques, and fitted with a pair of catches for closure (one incomplete, some plaques cracked, small losses) Provenance Donated to the John Woodman Higgins Armory Collection 9th May 1957 by Nathaniel Sage, Jr. and William H. Sage III, grandsons of Brigadier General William Hamden Sage (18591922). JWHA Inv. No. 3521 See footnote to previous lot. ‥ £600-800

30


45

46

45 THREE SOUTHEAST ASIAN DAGGERS (KRIS), PHILIPPINES AND MALAYSIA, 19TH CENTURY of characteristic form, the first three Moro, the first with wavy blade engraved with a serpent along a short medial ridge, carved wooden grip with brass ferrule, in its scabbard; the second with wavy blade widening at the base, and carved wooden hilt with bird’s head pommel; the third Sumatran with wavy blade, and carved wooden hilt with beaked pommel of kingfisher form, and three various scabbards the first: 59cm; 23 1/4in blade (6)

46 THREE MORO SHORTSWORDS (BARONG), AND TWO MALAY KAMPILAN, MORO OR DYAK, 19TH CENTURY the first with leaf shaped blade, carved hardwood hilt with birds head pommel, the lower portion encased in sheet silver, in its two-piece scabbard bound with cane, inscribed in ink ‘From a Moro village……..bought by Carl Birch, April 4th1900’; the second similar (scabbard missing); the third with cleaver blade and carved hardwood grip; the fourth and fifth with tapering single-edged blades clipped back at the point, and carved hardwood grips (hilts with small chips throughout) the first: 41cm; 15 1/4in blade (5)

Provenance JWHA Inv. Nos. 2289, 3494, 3326, 178, 180, 210 ‡ £200-250

Provenance The first two: Milton R. Macintosh, Rhode Island, acquired December 1970, nos 61 and 65 The fourth: Frank Gair Macomber, sold American Art Association, Anderson Galleries, New York, 10th-12th December 1936, lot 288 The fifth: Burghard Steiner, Riverdale-on-Hudson, New York, sold Walpole Galleries, New York, 26th January 1927, lot 208 JWHA Inv. Nos. 3553, 3554, 3473, 2410, 106 ‡ £200-250

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47

48

47 TEN SOUTHEAST ASIAN EDGED WEAPONS COMPRISING A GOLOK, TWO DYAK PARANG LATOK, THREE PARANG, A TALIBON, A MORO PANABA,AND TWO FURTHER PIECES, MALAYSIA AND PHILIPPINES, 19TH CENTURY the first with engraved blade and carved wooden grip including a stylised bird’s head, in its scabbard; the second and third with characteristic angular blades swelling towards the tips, and carved wooden grips one bound with rattan and the other with brass; the fourth with broad blade and shaped wooden grip; the fifth and sixth with sickle-shaped blades and long wooden grips; the seventh with long slender tapering blade; the eighth with curved blade formed with an angular tip, and long wooden grip, together with a sword cane and a Malay knife with pattern welded blade and pistol grip (small chips and losses throughout) the first: 37.5cm; 14 3/4in blade (10)

48 THREE SOUTHEAST ASIAN SPEARS, PROBABLY MALAYSIA, 19TH CENTURY the first with wavy etched pattern-welded blade, moulded at the base, and long tapering tang; the second with leaf shaped blade, short socket, on its wooden haft (now in three pieces); the third with etched steel broad leaf-shaped head the socket enclosed by sheet brass, on its bamboo haft the first: 32cm; 12 5/8in head (3)

Provenance The second, third, sixth: Andover Newton Theological School, Massachusetts, 22nd March 1946 The fifth: Milton R. Macintosh, Rhode Island, acquired December 1970, no. 54 The seventh: Walpole Galleries, New York, 31st May 1927, lot 363 The eighth: Francis Bannerman & Sons, New York, 9th May 1944 JWHA Inv. Nos. 2113, 3476, 3483, 2172, 3557, 3324, 332, 2747.1, 1978.03.05, 3308 ‡ £200-300

32

Provenance The second: Milton R. Macintosh, Rhode Island, acquired December 1970, no. 314 The third: Fenton & Sons Ltd, London, 20th April 1931 JWHA Inv. Nos. 3314, 3550, 1479 ‡ £100-150


49

50

49 A MALAYSIAN CANNON (LANTAKA), 19TH CENTURY with bronze barrel flaring towards the muzzle and formed with a raised moulding behind, decorated with triangular panels filled with traditional foliage at the median, a pair of trunnions fitted with a swivel bracket, decorated with matching panels of foliage at the vent and with provision for a cover, and tubular cascabel for a tiller 122cm; 48in barrel 10cm; 4in bore Provenance Giulia Morosini, sold American Art Association, New York, 10th15th October 1932, part lot 290 JWHA Inv. No. 1816.2

50 A MALAYSIAN CANNON (LANTAKA), 19TH CENTURY with bronze barrel swelling towards the muzzle, decorated with triangular panels filled with traditional foliage behind the muzzle, octagonal first reinforce with a raised foliate panel, a pair of trunnions fitted with a swivel bracket, vent field with provision for a cover, and tubular cascabel for a tiller 98.5cm; 38 3/4in barrel 3cm; 1 1/2in bore Provenance Albert R. Louis, sold Walpole Galleries, New York, 22nd February 1927, lot 347 JWHA Inv. No. 135 ‡ £400-600

‡ £400-600

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51 A SOLOMON ISLANDS HARDWOOD CLUB, 19TH CENTURY of tapering oval section, the upper portion of each face carved with a slender raised central rib 124.8cm; 49 1/8in Provenance William Ockelford Oldman, London, 1st May 1931 JWHA Inv. No. 1575 ‡ £300-350

52 AN EAST AUSTRALIAN (QUEENSLAND) CLUB (BAGGORO), 19TH CENTURY of flattened oval section, stone carved over its surface, integral grip flaring at the pommel (incomplete) 134cm; 52 3/4in Provenance William Ockelford Oldman, London, 1st May 1931 JWHA Inv. No. 1577 ‡ £300-500

53 A MAORI CLUB (TEWHATEWHA), 19TH CENTURY with paddle shaped head pierced at the base for feathers, and long tapering haft carved with stylised tiki face towards the base 99.5cm; 39 1/8in Provenance William Ockelford Oldman, London, 1st May 1931 JWHA Inv. No. 1578 ‡ £300-500

54 A SOUTH EAST AUSTRALIAN HARDWOOD PARRYING SHIELD (TAMARANG), 19TH CENTURY of near symmetrical tapering diamond section, pierced in the centre with a rectangular aperture for grip, and carved over its outer surface with traditional motifs (cracked) 79.5cm; 31 3/8in Provenance William Ockelford Oldman, London, 1st May 1931 JWHA Inv. No. 1573 ‡ £200-400

36

55 A SOLOMAN ISLANDS DANCE PADDLE, POLYNESIA AND ANOTHER, SAMOAN, 19TH CENTURY the first with angular head carved with a slender raised rib rising from a ‘W’ shaped moulding on each face, and long slender haft with carved base; the second of broad tapering form, carved over the upper section and the leading edge cut with a robust pattern of pyramidal nodules, 132cm; 52in (2) Provenance The first: William Ockelford Oldman, London, 1st May 1931 The second: Milton R. Macintosh, Rhode Island, acquired December 1970, no. 318 JWHA Inv. Nos. 1625.2, 3627 ‡ £400-600

56 A TONGAN HARDWOOD CLUB AND AN AXE, NEW GUINEA HIGHLANDS, 19TH CENTURY the first of tapering section rising to a blunt point, and carved over much of its surface with linear patterns (chipped, cracks); the second Bismark range, of characteristic form, bound over much of its surface with contrasting colours of rattan (stone head and the lower haft missing) 92.7cm; 36 1/2in (2) Provenance The first: William Ockelford Oldman, London, 1st May 1931 JWHA Inv. No. 1576, 3031 ‡ £150-250


51

52

53

54

55

56

37


JWHA Inv. No. 3490

59 THREE CONGOLESE DAGGERS, 19TH CENTURY the first probably for the Tetela tribe of Kuba, with triangular blade waisted at the base, the lower portion bound with copper, and tapering grip; the second for the Ngombe, So or Bango tribe, with pierced tapering three-stage blade chased with linear designs, and bound hardwood grip; the third probably from a spear, with leaf shaped blade and hardwood hilt bound with brass the first: 42.5cm; 16 5/8in blade (3)

The Ikul was, by tradition, introduced as a symbol of peace by King Shyaama Mbula Ngoog in the early 17th Century.

Provenance William Ockelford Oldman, London, 1st May 1931

‡ £300-500

JWHA Inv. Nos. 1616, 1604, 1609

57 A KUBA SHORTSWORD (IKUL), 19TH CENTURY with broad tapering iron blade, blackened over a central profusely grooved triangular panel, hardwood grip inset with numerous brass nails on the top, in its wooden scabbard, profusely studded with brass nails 35.8cm; 14in blade Provenance Newton Theological School, Massachusetts, 22nd March 1946

‡ £150-250 58 TWO KUBA WAR SWORDS (ILWOON) AND TWO AZANDE SHORT SWORDS, 19TH CENTURY the first two with characteristic blades expanding towards a blunt tip, hardwood grip with disc-shaped pommels and attenuated buttons, the second hilt encased in steel ribbon; the third and fourth engraved with linear designs on the blades, and with waisted wooden hilts the first: 36.5cm; 14 3/8in blade (4) Provenance The second: Newton Theological School, Massachusetts, 22nd March 1946

60 THREE CENTRAL AFRICAN THROWING KNIVES, 19TH CENTURY the first for the Zande, Avungara or Abarambo tribe, with four projections, and cord-bound grip; the second for the Banda tribe, with three projections, and cord-bound grip; and the third possibly Gabon, with three projecting point and carved wooden grip the first: 43cm; 17in (3)

The third: Walpole Galleries, New York, 31st May 1927, lot 380

Provenance The first: Donnin’s Arms Museum, Florida, acquired 3rd March 1961

The fourth: William Ockelford Oldman, London, 1st May 1931

The second: acquired by Higgins 27th May 1930, in Paris

JWHA Inv. No. 3489, 3486, 337, 1614

JWHA Inv. Nos. 3180, 1244, 3491

The Ilwoon was the principal Kuba sword, in addition to its military use it was also an important part of dance costume worn at funerals of high ranking Kuba officials.

‡ £150-250

‡ £200-300

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58

59

60

39


61 TEN AFRICAN EDGED WEAPONS, 19TH CENTURY the first Fang tribe, with double-edged engraved steel blade, recessed ricasso, and carved hardwood grip, the second similar, the forte incorporating two points and the grip bound with brass wire; the third Zaire, with cleaver shaped blade, hardwood hilt including mushroom shaped pommel studded with brass nails; the fourth possibly Kru tribe, with cleaver shaped partially blackened double-edged blade formed with a hooked point, and carved hardwood grip with conical pommel; the fifth Nigerian, a Munshi archer’s dagger; with loop shaped hilt; the sixth a Bornu dagger, with brass hilt, in its leather scabbard; the seventh Central African probably made from a cut-down spear, with leafshaped steel head, brass bound socket and wooden grip, in its leather scabbard; and three further daggers and a scabbard the first: 41.5cm; 16 1/4in blade (11) Provenance The first, third, fourth: Newton Theological School, Massachusetts, 22nd March 1946 The second, sixth, seventh: Milton R. Macintosh, Rhode Island, acquired December 1970, nos. 24, 98, 69 The fifth: William Ockelford Oldman, London, 1st May 1931 JWHA Inv. Nos. 3484, 3670, 3487, 3480, 1621, 3773, 3760, 194, 1602, 3479, 1612 ‡ £300-500 62 A SUDANESE SWORD (KASKARA), ARM DAGGER, A UGANDAN WRIST KNIFE, A MASSAI SWORD (OL ALEM) , AND TWO NORTH AFRICAN DAGGERS (JAMBIYA), 19TH CENTURY the first with straight double-edged blade etched with an inscription on each face, brass hilt of characteristic form with traces of silver plating, and leather-covered wooden grip rising to a disc-shaped pommel; the second with straight tapering doubleedged blade, carved wooden grip, disc shaped pommel, in its scabbard complete with leather loop; the third, formed of a steel disc enriched with brass, and the inside lined in leather; the fourth with slender double-edged blade, rudimentary wooden hilt bound with brass wire, in its matching scabbard; the fifth with curved blade stamped with a dagger mark on one side, carved horn grip, in its engraved white metal scabbard; the fifth Moroccan, of characteristic form, with hardwood grip applied with engraved silver and brass, in its brass scabbard enriched with silver, and a further scabbard for a Moroccan flyssa the first: 89.2cm; 35 1/4in blade (7) Provenance The second, fifth and sixth: Milton R. Macintosh, Rhode Island, acquired December 1970, nos. 74, 93, 72 The third and fourth: William Ockelford Oldman, London, 1st May 1931 JWHA Inv. No. 2058, 3776, 1597, 1620, 3780, 3762, 181 ‡ £300-400

40

63 THREE SONGYE CEREMONIAL AXES, 19TH CENTURY each with crescentic steel blade supported by a series of projecting arms from the haft, the arms decorated with chiselled masks, and tubular copper hafts with bulbous finials the first: 34.5cm; 13 1/2in (3) Many of these axes were made by Nsapo tribe who were known for their iron and copper working industry. Axes of this type were carried by Songye chiefs. Provenance The first: Donnin’s Arms Museum, Florida, acquired 3rd March 1961 JWHA Inv. Nos. 3117, 3320, 3492 ‡ £150-250 64 FOUR AFRICAN AXES, 19TH CENTURY the first South African, with swallow-tail iron head, and wooden haft with bulbous finial; the second a Zulu axe, with long slender head with curved blade, on its carved wooden haft; the third with crescentic axe head, down-curved rear spike, on its wooden haft; the fourth Tsonga, with tall iron blade joined to its wooden haft by a short stem near the base; and an African Adze, perhaps Dahomey, on its wooden haft and a detached adze head the first: 78cm; 30 3/4in overall (6) Provenance The first: Newton Theological School, Massachusetts, 22nd March 1946 The fourth: William Ockelford Oldman, London, 1st May 1931 JWHA Inv. Nos. 3317, 3495, 3497, 1603, 2832, 3322 ‡ £150-250


62

61

63

64

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65 SEVENTEEN AFRICAN SPEARS, 19TH/EARLY 20TH CENTURY the first South African, with broad leaf-shaped blade, on its wooden haft bound with brass wire; the second similar; the third with leaf-shaped blade, bound with rattan at the top of the haft; the fourth with leaf-shaped blade extending to a tapering tang, on a wooden haft; the fourth with leaf-shaped blade formed with a low medial ridge, on its wooden haft; the fifth with slender leaf-shaped blade, on its haft; the eighth with partially blackened head, perhaps Somalian; the tenth with leafshaped blade and tapering tang (haft missing); the eleventh with leaf-shaped blade, on its shortened wooden haft; the twelfth with barbed head and tapering socket (haft missing), the thirteenth with leaf-shaped blade, tapering tang, on its wooden haft bound with brass wire; the fourteenth perhaps Congo, with leafshaped blade formed with a medial ridge, decorated on each side with a pair of large blackened panels, and tapering socket; the fifteenth probably Congo, with leafshaped blade of flattened diamond section, and tapering writhen socket, the sixteenth with barbed head; and the last with long spike broadening at the base, and tapering socket decorated with a serpent head (17) Provenance JWHA Inv. Nos. 61, 62, 3551, 971, 3548, 3552, 90, 3549, 215, 540, 1296, 536, 91, 3929, 3305, 3332, 1482 ‡ £250-350

65 66 A SOMALI HIDE SHIELD, 19TH CENTURY of strongly convex circular form, the outer surface tooled and rising to a pronounced finial, fitted with an enarme on the inside 52cm; 20 1/2in diameter Provenance Angelo Peyron, Florence, Italy, sold Savoy Art & Auction Galleries, New York, 6th November 1954, lot 564 JWHA Inv. Nos. 3079 ‡ £80-120

66

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67 68

67 A NORTH AFRICAN MAIL SHIRT, 18TH OR 19TH CENTURY of great weight and formed of alternating rows of welded and riveted rings of oval-section wire, with a short upstanding collar stiffened with leather thongs and opening at the front, short elbow-length sleeves and a centrally-divided knee-length skirt Provenance Sumner Healey, New York, 6th June 1932 JWHA Inv. No. 1734 ‡ £400-600

68 A NORTH AFRICAN MAIL SHIRT, 19TH CENTURY, INCORPORATING EARLIER ELEMENTS its short-sleeved upper half formed of butted rings of circularsection wire, its upstanding, centrally-opening collar formed of smaller riveted rings of similarly-sectioned wire stiffened with buff-leather thongs, and its centrally-divided knee-length skirt formed with a mixture of welded, punched, riveted and butted links, variously of round, oval or flat section and in some cases decorated with knurling Provenance Fenton & Sons Ltd, London, 30th April 1927, no. 2185 JWHA Inv. Nos. 212 ‡ £300-400

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69

70

69 A NEAR OR MIDDLE EASTERN MAIL SHIRT, 18TH CENTURY, LENGTHENED IN THE 19TH CENTURY formed entirely of riveted rings of circular-section wire, with a short upstanding collar divided at the front (its rear slightly damaged), short sleeves and a centrally-divided skirt, originally extending to mid-thigh length but later extended to the knees with a lighter mail turned inside-out (some working-life repairs and later holing) Provenance Fenton & Sons Ltd, London, 1926 JWHA Inv. Nos. 46.b The shirt may have been lengthened for use in North Africa ‡ £200-300

70 A 25 BORE NORTH AFRICAN (KABYLE) SNAPHAUNCE MUSKET, 19TH CENTURY AND A 6 BORE OTTOMAN GUN BARREL, TURKEY, LATE 17TH/18TH CENTURY with short tapering barrel engraved with scrolls of foliage enriched with brass and retained by three brass bands, stamped with a white metal lined barrelsmith’s mark at the breech (rubbed), flat lock of characteristic form, overlaid with engraved brass panels, hardwood full stock inlaid with engraved bone and brass nails and bone butt-plate; the second swamped, swelling at the muzzle chiselled with panels of foliage and scrollwork at the muzzle, breech and median, retaining traces of gilding, signed over the breech (indistinct, perhaps Muhammed and “Son” of Omar) and standing back-sight the first: 77cm; 37 3/8in barrel (2) Provenance The first: Milton R. Macintosh, Rhode Island, acquired December 1970, no. 222 JWHA Inv. Nos. 3620, 3064 ‡ £150-300

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71

72

73

71 AN OTTOMAN SILVER-MOUNTED SWORD (YATAGHAN), BALKANS, 19TH CENTURY with slender slightly curved blade stamped with a mark on one side, silver hilt cast and chased with traditional scrolls and trophies-of-arms in low relief, eared pommel, in its wooden scabbard encased in two sections of silver, the lower decorated with architectural and maritime scenes, and bouquets all within scrollwork frames, and the upper section banded 45.5cm; 18in blade Provenance Burghard Steiner, Riverdale-on-Hudson, New York, sold Walpole Galleries, New York, 26th January 1927, lot 90 JWHA Inv. No. 70 ‡ £350-450 72 AN OTTOMAN SWORD (YATAGHAN), 19TH CENTURY, PROBABLY BALKANS with curved single-edged blade, cut with an inscription within a foliate frame on one face, and further scrollwork on the other, nielloed silver hilt extending over the forte on each side, decorated over its surface with linear patterns and foliage, and eared pommel 48.5cm; 19 1/8in blade Provenance Giulia Morosini, sold American Art Association, New York, 10th15th October 1932, part of lot 198

The inscription on the blade is a benedictory couplet in Ottoman Turkish. It reads: darbından bu bıça ın cümle dü man tar ü mar intikam alır aduvvdan sanki misli zalfikar “This sword’s stroke shatters the entire enemy, it takes revenge on the enemy like Dhu’l-Fiqar” ‡ £250-300 73 AN OTTOMAN SWORD (YATAGHAN), TURKEY, DATED 1218 AH (CIRCA 1803/4) with slightly curved single-edged blade, inlaid with a brief inscription including the date in silver on one face and a shamshir design on the other, gilt hilt chased with beadwork and expanded flowerheads, extending in a pair of shaped panels over the forte, and fitted with a pair of eared horn gripscales of characteristic form (cracked) 63cm; 24 7/8in blade Provenance Giulia Morosini, sold American Art Association, New York, 10th15th October 1932, part of lot 35 JWHA Inv. No. 1843 The inscription reads: sahib ahmad sana 1218 “Owner Ahmad year 1218” (1218 AH = 1803-4 AD) ‡ £400-600

JWHA Inv. No. 1832

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75

74

74 AN OTTOMAN DAGGER, BALKANS, LATE 19TH/20TH CENTURY with curved double-edged blade formed with a medial ridge, decorated with gold koftgari on each face at the forte, wooden hilt of characteristic form, encased in thin sheet silver, decorated with flowers and foliage, in its wooden scabbard encased in silver decorated en suite with the hilt 34cm; 13 1/2in blade Provenance Giulia Morosini, sold American Art Association, New York, 10th15th October 1932, lot 61 JWHA Inv. No. 3294 ‡ £250-350

75 TWO OTTOMAN DAGGERS (JAMBIYA) AND TWO SCABBARDS, BALKANS AND PERSIA, LATE 19TH/20TH CENTURY the first small, with double-edged blade decorated with silver koftgari flowers, hilt of characteristic form profusely overlaid with silver beadwork and twisted wire, in its scabbard decorated en suite; the second with curved double-edged blade formed with a medial rib, and steel hilt etched with foliage inhabited by birds; the third for a shamshir, formed of a wooden core covered with green leather (broken); and the last for a short shamshir or kilig, covered with brown leather the first: 11.5cm; 4 1/2in blade (4) Provenance The first and second: Milton R. Macintosh, Rhode Island, acquired December 1970, nos. 97, 75 JWHA Inv. No. 3767, 3659, 191, 195 ‡ £100-150

46


76

76 AN OTTOMAN SADDLE COVER, LATE 17TH/EARLY 18TH CENTURY of crimson silk velvet embroidered with silver wire arabesques, carnations, lotuses and other foliate motifs, of bell-shaped form, with square opening at the top, and blue cloth lining 170cm; 67in long Provenance Parke-Bernet Galleries Inc., New York, 9th March 1950 JWHA Inv. No. 2854 ‡ £2000-3000

47


77 77 AN OTTOMAN SHAFFRON, TURKEY, FIRST QUARTER OF THE 16TH CENTURY formed of a main plate lightly embossed into four sections, flaring towards the nose, the eyes and the ears, embossed beneath the latter with a low rib on each side, stamped with the mark of the Ottoman Court Arsenal at Hagia Irene, rounded cheek-pieces flared en suite for the eyes (one perhaps an early association), small hexagonal pol-plate, and the plates all joined by mail of rivetted links (small chips, mail with minor repairs) 57.8cm; 22 3/4in high

48

Provenance Sotheby, Wilkinson & Hodge, London, 1st March 1923 William Randolph Hearst, sold Gimbel Brothers, Hammer Galleries, New York, 4th December 1942 JWHA Inv. No. 2705 ‥ £6000-8000


78 78 AN OTTOMAN SHAFFRON, TURKEY, FIRST QUARTER OF THE 16TH CENTURY formed of a main plate lightly embossed in four sections, flanged at the eyes and fitted with an applied angular ridge across the brow, stamped with the mark of the Ottoman Court Arsenal at Hagia Irene, rounded cheek-pieces slightly flared for the eyes, small pendant shaped pol-plate, and the plates all joined by mail of rivetted links (the mail with restorations) 57cm; 22 1/2in high

Provenance Theodore Offerman, sold American Art Association, Anderson Galleries, New York, 5th February 1938, lot 26 JWHA Inv. No. 2475 Exhibited Berkshire Museum, Pittsfield, Massachusetts, 19th November31st December 2005 Jamestown-Yorktown Foundation, Williamsburg, Virginia, January-May 2008 ‥ £6000-8000

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79 AN OTTOMAN STEEL BOSS FROM A SHIELD (KALKAN), TURKEY, FIRST QUARTER OF THE 16TH CENTURY of circular concave form, the outer face decorated around the border with a band filled with engraved foliage and punched ornament, at the centre with traces of further decoration (worn, chips and holes) 16.5cm; 6 1/2in diameter Provenance Dr. Bashford Dean, Riverdale, New York, 28th September 1928, lot 3 JWHA Inv. No. 928 ‡ £100-150

79

80 A PAIR OF OTTOMAN STIRRUPS, TURKISH, LATE 18TH/19TH CENTURY AND A SADDLE, PROBABLY NORTH AFRICAN, 19TH CENTURY the stirrups of steel, each with flared basal plate, a pair of near triangular side panels decorated with silver flowers and foliage on one side, and rising to a characteristic loop for suspension; the second of wood, with two side panels each pierced with a slot for the stirrups, arched cantle with shaped pommel, carved over much of its outer surface with scrolls and foliage the stirrups: 19cm; 7 1/2in high (3) Provenance The first: Angelo Peyron, Florence, Italy, sold Savoy Art & Auction Galleries, New York, 6th November 1954, part of lot 675 The second: Max Williams, New York, sold Anderson Galleries, New York, 7th March 1928, lot 6 JWHA Inv. Nos. 3088.3, 3088.4, 453

80

‡ £350-450

81 A NEAR OR MIDDLE-EASTERN MAIL SHIRT, 18TH CENTURY formed of alternating rows of welded and riveted rings of ovalsection wire, the former thicker than the latter but in both cases thicker over the chest than elsewhere, with a central opening at the front, short sleeves and a hip-length skirt divided at its centre rear (light rusting in places) Provenance William Ockelford Oldman, London, 1st May 1931 JWHA Inv. No. 395 ‡ £250-350

81

50


82 A NEAR OR MIDDLE-EASTERN MAIL SHIRT, 18TH CENTURY formed entirely riveted rings of circular-section wire, with a central opening at the front, short sleeves and a hip-length skirt divided at its centre rear (some holing at the rear with pitting overall) Provenance William Ockelford Oldman, London, 1st May 1931 JWHA Inv. Nos. 1533 ‡ £200-300

82 83 A NEAR OR MIDDLE-EASTERN MAIL SHIRT, 18TH/19TH CENTURY formed entirely of riveted rings of circular-section wire except over the chest where the riveted links alternate with heavier welded links, with a central opening at the front, wrist-length sleeves and a mid-thigh-length skirt divided at its centre rear (extensively holed and showing substantial losses at its edges) Provenance William Ockelford Oldman, London, 1st May 1931 JWHA Inv. No. 1536 ‡ £150-200

83 84 TWO NEAR OR MIDDLE-EASTERN MAIL SHIRTS, 18TH/19TH CENTURY the first formed of alternating rows of welded and riveted rings of oval-section wire, those over the chest being of a thicker gauge than elsewhere, with a short, overlapping, central opening at the neck, short sleeves and a mid-thigh-length skirt divided at its rear centre (some working-life repairs and much later holing); the second formed of alternating rows of welded and riveted rings of circular-section wire, with a central opening at the front, long wrist-length sleeves and a hip-length skirt centrally-divided at its rear (extensively holed and patinated overall) (2) Provenance Fenton & Sons Ltd, London, 1926 JWHA Inv. Nos. 46.a ‡ £250-350

84

51


85 85 A PERSIAN HELMET (KULAH KHUD), LATE 19TH/EARLY 20TH CENTURY of hemispherical form, embossed at the front with a stylised mask, down-turned brim extending over the front and back, etched over its surface with calligraphic cartouches and scrolling foliage inhabited by exotic beasts and demi-figures in traditional dress, fitted at its top with a forked spike, on either side of the brow with a plume-holder, and the interior lined in padded red silk (torn) 34cm; 13 1/2in high Provenance Frank Gair Macomber, sold American Art Association, Anderson Galleries, New York, 10th-12th December 1936, part of lot 229 JWHA Inv. No. 2401 ‡ £250-350 86 AN INDO-PERSIAN HELMET (KULAH-KHUD), SECOND HALF OF THE 19TH CENTURY with hemispherical skull, fitted with a central boss for a spike (missing), a pair of plume-holders and sliding nasal bar with thumb-screw, etched over its outer surface with figurative scenes including numerous mounted bowmen, all enriched with gold koftgari, and retaining a small number of butted mail rings around the base 16cm; 6 1/4in high Provenance Edward Hubbard Litchfield, sold Parke-Bernet Galleries, New York, 6th December 1951 JWHA Inv. No. 2974.3 ‡ £400-500

52

86 87 TWO INDO PERSIAN VAMBRACES (BAZU BAND), 19TH CENTURY each formed of a tapering gutter-shaped mainplate, the first etched with a central panel filled with scrolling foliage inhabited by beasts and a series of cartouches enriched with silver koftgari, the borders with calligraphic panels, complete with its padded hand defence with outer covering of butted mail links, and two side-plates decorated with gold koftagri (small losses); the second decorated with a vertical arrangement of mounted warriors within a frame of flowers and foliage, with a portion of its red lining (worn, hand defence missing) the first: 54.5cm; 21 1/2in long (2) Provenance The first: Edward Hubbard Litchfield, sold Parke-Bernet Galleries, New York, 6th December 1951 The second: Angelo Peyron, Florence, Italy, sold Savoy Art & Auction Galleries, New York, 4th November 1954, part of lot 834 JWHA Inv. No. 2974.2, 3092.5 The inscriptions on the vambrace are repetitions of Arabic titles, al-sultan al-’ali , “The exalted Sultan” and al-sultan al’alim, “The learned Sultan” ‡ £200-300


88 89 87 88 AN INDO PERSIAN (DHAL) AND A PARRYING SHIELD (MADU), LATE 19TH/20TH CENTURY the first of circular convex form, etched over the outer surface with calligraphic cartouches enclosed by foliate frames, fitted with brass border, four bosses for enarmes (enarmes and lining missing); the second of rudimentary construction, comprising iron shield and a pair of recurved iron ‘horns’ the first: 47cm; 18 1/2in diameter (2) Provenance Burghard Steiner, Riverdale-on-Hudson, New York, sold Walpole Galleries, New York, 26th January 1927, lot 492 JWHA Inv. No. 103, 2135 ‡ £120-180 89 A NORTH INDIAN MAIL SHIRT, 19TH CENTURY formed entirely of riveted rings of circular section, with a central opening at the front, wrist-length sleeves, and a midthigh-length skirt divided at the centre rear Provenance Giulia Morosini, sold American Art Association, New York, 10th15th October 1932 JWHA Inv. No. 1850 ‡ £400-500

90 TWO NORTH INDIAN MAIL LEGGINGS, 18TH OR 19TH CENTURY each formed of alternating rows of welded and riveted rings, respectively of lozenge-shaped and round-sectioned wire, and each tapering to its lower end and remaining open at the inside of the thigh (extensively holed and showing substantial losses at its edges) (2) Provenance Dr. Bashford Dean, Riverdale, New York, 28th September 1929 JWHA Inv. Nos. 954.1 & 2 ‡ £80-120 91 A PAIR OF NORTH INDIAN MAIL SLEEVES, 19TH CENTURY; AND A PIECE OF NORTH INDIAN MAIL, 19TH CENTURY each extending to the wrist and formed of alternating rows of small butted links of circular-section wire, and punched flat rings of Φ-shape extensively holed and patinated overall); and the second with irregular outline and formed of alternating rows of welded and riveted rings, respectively of oval and circular-section wire, the former slightly larger than the latter (extensively holed and patinated overall) (3) Provenance JWHA Inv. Nos. 1540.1 & 2 and JWHA 527 ‡ £50-80

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92 AN INDIAN CUIRASS (CHAR-AINA), 18TH CENTURY of watered steel, comprising four rectangular plates, those at the sides with arched recesses for the arms, each chiselled over much of the outer surface with elaborate symmetrical arrangements of scrolling foliage and lotus flowers, the borders enriched with gold koftgari scrolls of foliage and flowers (losses, areas of minor lamination), fitted with reinforced borders, buckles for closure and suspension, later leather straps, and retaining an early padded lining 27.5cm; 10 7/8in high (4) Provenance Fenton & Sons Ltd, London, 20th April 1931 JWHA Inv. No. 1491

94 AN INDIAN CUIRASS (CHAR-AINA), EARLY 19TH CENTURY of steel, comprising four rectangular plates, those at the sides with arched recesses for the arms, each with gold koftgari border decorated with a running frieze of conventional foliage and a broad scrolling design of carnations (losses), fitted with reinforced borders, buckles for closure and suspension (one missing), some later leather straps, and retaining an early padded lining with silver brocade 30.5; 12in high (4) Provenance Fenton & Sons Ltd, London, 20th April 1931 JWHA Inv. No. 1492 ‡ £500-700

‡ £1200-1800

93 A COMPOSITE INDO-PERSIAN CUIRASS (CHAR-AINA), 19TH CENTURY of watered steel, comprising four rectangular plates, those at the sides with arched recesses for the arms, three etched with calligraphic panels at the borders and a central foliate cartouche, all enriched with gold koftgari, fitted with reinforced brass borders, and buckles for closure and suspension, and the remaining panel engraved 29cm; 11 1/2in high (4) The inscriptions include verses in Persian and the phrase in Arabic: fi zamin khilafat al-sultan al-a’zam malik muluk al-’arab wa’l’ajam mur [aww] ij shari’at [al]-a’immah “In the age of the caliphate of the Greatest Sultan, King of the Kings of the Arabs and Persians, the propagator of the Shari’ah of the Imams”. Further verses in Persian, including lines from 2 ghazals of Hafiz; verses from the story of Rustam and Isfandiyar from the Shahnameh; Verses from a ghazal of Hafiz and half of an Arabic inscription ... al-’arab wa’l-’ajam murawwij madhhab al-a’immah alma’sum sallu ‘alayhi wa alihi al-tahir ajma’in “[King] of the Arabs and Persians, propagator of the spotless religion of the Imams, Bless Him (i.e. the Prophet) and all His pure family” Provenance Louis Bachereau, Paris JWHA Inv. No. 1997 ‡ £800-1200

54

95 AN INDIAN CUIRASS (CHAR-AINA), 18TH CENTURY of steel, comprising four rectangular plates, those at the sides with arched recesses for the arms, each with a raised moulding (pitted), fitted with reinforced borders, buckles for closure and suspension, and retaining an early green padded lining 27cm; 10 5/8in high (4) Provenance Fenton & Sons Ltd, London, 20th April 1931 JWHA Inv. No. 1493 ‡ £400-600

96 AN INDIAN LARGE CUIRASS (CHAR-AINA), LATE 18TH/ 19TH CENTURY of steel, comprising four rectangular plates, those at the sides with arched recesses for the arms, fitted with cusped reinforced borders cut with lengthy inscriptions, perhaps Urdu, and fitted with buckles for closure and suspension 45cm; 17 3/4in high Provenance JWHA Inv. No. 206 ‡ £400-600


92

93

94

95

55


97 97 A NEPALESE SHORTSWORD (KORA), FOUR NEPALESE SHORTSWORDS (KUKRI), 19TH AND 20TH CENTURIES the first of characteristic form, with broad blade swelling to a double-cusped tip, chiselled on each side with foliage on the back-edge, at the tip with a rondel filled with a mounted figure and a sun-in-splendour respectively, and with a chiselled brass figure in low relief on one face at the forte, and iron hilt of talwar form; the kukris of characteristic form, the second with chased white metal grip; the third chiselled with figures in traditional dress on the broad blade, and khanjar hilt decorated en suite; the fourth with hardwood grip, in its scabbard; the fifth of characteristic form, with carved hardwood grip, and a scabbard for a Ghurka kukri knife, with pierced and chased silver locket the first: 57cm; 22 1/2in blade (6) Provenance The second: R. McAlpine Woods, Miami, Florida, 31st March 1953 The third: Walpole Galleries, New York, 22nd January 1927, lot 521 The fourth: Dr. Bashford Dean, Riverdale, New York, 28th September 1929, no. 13 JWHA Inv. No. 2050, 3198, 105, 957, 3481; 823.b ‡ £200-300 98 AN INDIAN DAGGER (JAMBIYA), AN INDIAN DAGGER (BICHWA), AND A COMBINED CRUTCH AND CONCEALED DAGGER (FAKIR’S CRUTCH), 19TH/20TH CENTURY the first with curved double-edged blade decorated with silver scrolls at the forte, steel hilt decorated en suite, in its matching scabbard; the second with a pair of recurved double-edged blade, and engraved brass loop-shaped hilt chiselled with a

56

98

99

panel of foliage top and bottom, and retaining an early padded lining; the third with very slender blade, and characteristic steel body and scabbard with traces of silver decoration the first: 22.5cm; 9in blade (3) Provenance The first: Milton R. Macintosh, Rhode Island, acquired December 1970, no. 76 The second: L. H. Auron, Dorchester, Massachusetts, 12th February 1958 JWHA Inv. Nos. 3768, 3149, 2124.1 ‡ £150-200 99 TWO INDIAN DAGGERS AND AN INDIAN NAGA SWORD (DAO), 19TH/ EARLY 20TH CENTURY the first with katar blade decorated with a pair of feeding elephants in silver koftgarin one side and a zebra and elephant on the other, iron hilt of jambiya form, decorated with flowers on one side in silver (worn); the second with etched tapering double-edged blade, chiselled iron hilt decorated with exotic beasts and foliage enriched with gold koftgari; the third with blade of flattened diamond section widening towards the pierced tip and inlaid with two brass and two copper rondels, carved hardwood hilt; and a scabbard for a Ceylonese piha kaeta, with fluted wooden body and silver mounts the first: 28cm; 11in blade (4) Provnance JWHA Inv. Nos. 3291, 2123, 2055, 183 ‡ £400-600


100

101

100 A DETACHED HILT FOR A NORTH INDIAN SWORD (TALWAR) AND A SILVER CHAPE FOR A NEPALESE KUKRI, 19TH CENTURY the first: of russet iron, formed with a pair of short swelling quillons, shaped langets, integral grip, large disc-shaped pommel and moulded bud-shaped button, decorated over its entire surface in gold koftgari with symmetrical arrangements of flowers and foliage within linear frames (light wear, small areas of pitting and losses); the second chased with scrollwork and foliate frames the first: 16.5cm; 6 1/2in high (2) Provenance The first: Daniel Z. Noorian, New York, 3rd April 1929 JWHA Inv. Nos. 737, 208

101 AN INDIAN SWORD (TALWAR) with single-edged blade of watered steel decorated with gold koftgari flowers and foliage at the forte (the upper third of the blade missing), steel hilt decorated over its surface with elaborate patterns of flowers and foliage within linear frames, in its fabric-covered wooden scabbard encased in steel, pierced with a running pattern of foliage enriched with gilding and some blued finish 51.5cm; 20 1/4in blade Provenance Edmund C. Converse, sold American Art Association, 26th November 1927, lot 265 JWHA Inv. No. 399 ‡ £250-350

‡ £250-350

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102 THREE DETACHED PERSIAN SPEARHEADS, 19TH CENTURY each of bifurcated form, with wavy blades and tapering sockets, the first etched over its head with foliage inhabited by fish and birds, and with a silver bouquet at the base; the second and third chiselled with flowers and foliage, enriched with a central bouquet in silver the first: 60.5cm; 23 7/8in head (3) Provenance The first and second: Milton R. Macintosh, Rhode Island, acquired December 1970, no. 262 JWHA Inv. Nos. 3607, 3608, 2105 ‡ £300-400

102 103 TWO DETACHED INDIAN SPEARHEADS, 19TH/EARLY 20TH CENTURY the first of trident form, decorated with silver on each side (worn), and with tapering socket; the second formed of three prongs, interlocking at the base and with short tapering socket the first: 43cm; 17in head (2) Provenance The first: Sumner Healey, New York, 20th March 1931 The second: Burghard Steiner, Riverdale-on-Hudson, New York, sold Walpole Galleries, New York, 26th January 1927, lot 43 JWHA Inv. Nos. 1427, 59 ‡ £40-60

103 104 SEVEN INDIAN AND OTHER SPEARS, 18TH/19TH CENTURIES the first with etched leaf-shaped head, on its wooden haft; the second with leaf-shaped head inlaid with copper, and openwork base including and architectural moulding; the third with bifurcated wavy blades, on its wooden haft; the fourth and fifth each weighted base (heads missing); the sixth and seventh Indian or South East Asian, with broad wasted leafshaped blades, moulded sockets, each on its haft Provenance JWHA Inv. Nos. 3094, 3534, 3394, 897. 898, 1479, 2473 ‡ £250-350

104

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106 105

105 THREE INDIAN DAGGERS (KATAR), 19TH CENTURY the first with narrow tapering blade formed with a reinforced point, cut with two pairs of converging fullers and retaining traces of watered pattern on each face, iron hilt of characteristic form, retaining some gold decoration including a band of scrolling flowers, in its wooden scabbard with gilt copper chape and some green fabric covering (scabbard worn); the second with sharply tapering blade formed with a reinforced point, cut with a pair of converging fullers chiselled with leafy borders and a central slender panel of leafy foliage on each face, characteristic steel hilt including a pair of faceted grip bars joined by small globular moulded arms; the third with tapering fullered blade formed with a reinforced tip. iron hilt extending over the forte in a shaped foliate panel, formed with a pair of pierced tapering side bars, and a pair of moulded grip bars (patinated) the first: 23cm; 9 1/8in blade (3) Provenance The first: Clapp & Graham Co. Inc., 514 Madison Avenue, New York, 12th January 1927 The second and third: William Ockelford Oldman, London, 8th January 1947

106 AN INDIAN FOLDING DAGGER (KATAR) AND AN INDIAN DOUBLE DAGGER (KATAR), LATE 19TH CENTURY the first with concealed tapering double-edged blade, a pair of outer blades enclosing the former, decorated with a central panel filled with exotic bests in gold koftgari, steel hilt decorated en suite, including a pair of moulded grip bars, the lower opening the scabbard; the second with tapering blade decorated with a central panel filled with silver foliage, characteristic hilt decorated with silver en suite, in its matching scabbard formed as a larger katar the first: 20.5cm; 8in blade (2) Provenance The second: Frank Gair Macomber, sold American Art Association, Anderson Galleries, New York, 10th-12th December 1936, lot 265 JWHA Inv. Nos. 64, 2406 ‡ £200-250

JWHA Inv. Nos. 21, 1555, 1554 ‡ £500-700

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107 108 109 107 TWO INDIAN PARADE AXES, 19TH CENTURY each with large crescentic axe blade pierced along the cusped upper and lower borders, decorated on each face with figures in traditional dress within an architectural framework on a ground of engraved foliage, central spike; a pair of architectural rear spikes (one missing), and each on its wooden haft with steel shoe (one broken) 23.5cm; 9 1/4in head (2) Provenance The first: Irving N. Donnin, Miami, Florida, 19th April 1956 The second: Theodore Offerman, sold Gimbel Brothers, Kende Galleries, New York, 10th May 1945 JWHA Inv. Nos. 3119, 2818 ‡ £200-250

109 FOUR PERSIAN PARADE MACES (GORZ), 19TH CENTURY the first with horned bull’s head decorated with scrollwork, on its steel haft; the second with horned demonic head decorated with silver koftgari, on its haft; the third with large etched bull’s head, decorated over its surface with exotic animals and a panel of calligraphy, on its etched steel haft; the fourth with large horned demonic head decorated with silver koftgari scrollwork, (dented), on its haft the first: 75cm; 29 1/2in overall (4) Provenance The first and second: James Graham & Sons, New York, 9th May 1945 The fourth: Fred Spanierman, New York, 17th October 1953 JWHA Inv. Nos. 2821, 2822, 2102, 3029 ‡ £300-400

108 TWO INDIAN THROWING QUOITS (CHAKRAM) of characteristic form, each with flat inner edge and sharpened outer, stamped on one side with a series of decorative marks 28cm; 11in, the largest diameter Provenance The second: Joseph Garnier Co., Kennebunkport, Maine, 12th September 1958 JWHA Inv. Nos. 1967.1, 3155 ‡ £100-150

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110

Antiquities 110 A GREEK CORINTHIAN BRONZE HELMET, 6TH CENTURY BC formed in one piece with a rounded crown turned outwards at its rear to form a neck-guard, and projecting downwards at its front to form a deep face-defence cut with a broad Y-shaped opening formed at its centre with a sturdy forward-sloping spatulate nasal-bar and extended cheek-guards, the brow finely embossed in low relief with a ‘horn’ motif beneath a palmette, and the main edges border by raised trios of ribs (the whole heavily patinated throughout, showing extensive losses due to corrosion, and repaired cracks at each cheek) 26.5cm; 10 1/2in

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Provenance M. Mikalides, Greece, sold 14th August 1928 E. Chachati, Paris, 29th May 1931 JWHA Inv. No. 1449 The helmet is transitional in form between types 12 and 13 of Peter Connolly, The Greek Armies, London, 1977, p. 35. ‡ £1500-2000


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111 A GREEK CORINTHIAN BRONZE HELMET, FIRST HALF OF THE 6TH CENTURY BC formed in one piece with a rounded crown turned outwards at its rear to form a neck-guard, and projecting downwards at its front to form a deep face-defence cut with a Y-shaped opening formed at its centre with a sturdy forward-sloping nasal-bar, its main edges pierced with small stitch-holes for the attachment of a lining (the whole heavily patinated throughout, showing extensive losses due to corrosion, a few glued repairs and some later pairs of holes, perhaps in part for the attachment of chin-straps) 22.5cm; 9in

Provenance William Ockelford Oldman, London, 4th January 1929 JWHA Inv. No. 567 For a similar helmet preserved in the Kunsthistorishes Museum, Vienna, see O. Gamber, 1978, fig. 286. ‥ £1000-1500

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112

112 A GREEK CORINTHIAN BRONZE HELMET, 6TH CENTURY BC formed in one piece with a rounded crown turned outwards at its rear to form a neck-guard, and projecting downwards at its front to form a deep face-defence cut with a broad Y-shaped opening formed at its centre with a sturdy forward-sloping nasal-bar, the brow embossed in low relief with a ‘horn’ motif beneath a scallop-shell, with raised shaped eyebrows either side (the whole heavily patinated throughout, showing numerous perforations due to corrosion, and several glued repairs) 26.5cm; 10 1/2in

Provenance Sumner Healey, New York, 27th September 1927 JWHA Inv. No. 56 Literature Stephen V. Grancsay, The John Woodman Higgins Armory, Worcester, Massachusetts, 1961, p. 18-19 (ill.) Exhibited Michael C. Carlos Museum, Atlanta, Georgia, 14 July 1999-14 July 2001 ‘A Show of Power: Talons, Swords and Samurai’, Berkshire Museum, Pittsfield, Massachusetts, 23 January-6 June 2010 ‘Armed and Dangerous’ sent by the Berkshire Museum, Pittsfield, Massachusetts, to the Memphis Brooks Museum, Memphis, Tennessee, November 2011-March 2012 ‡ £1000-1500

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113

113 AN ILLYRIAN BRONZE HELMET, 6TH-7TH CENTURY BC formed in one piece with a rounded crown decorated medially with a pair of embossed parallel ribs, flanged outwards at its rear to form a short neck-guard, and projecting downwards and forwards at each side to form integral cheek-pieces bordering a rectangular face-opening, its edges decorated with repeated punched circles enclosed at the inside by an incised line (the whole heavily patinated throughout, showing numerous cracks and perforations, and several glued repairs) 22.5cm; 8 3/4in

Provenance William Ockelford Oldman, London, 4th January 1929 JWHA Inv. No. 566 Compare a helmet in the Olympia Museum, see O. Gamber, 1978, fig. 279 ‥ £800-1200

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115

114

114 EIGHT BRONZE AXEHEADS, BRONZE AGE-IRON AGE AND LATER each of wedge-shaped form, comprising four of flanged palstave type, one small looped celt, another axe-head with lateral flange and loop, and two elongated palstaves with long ridged edges the first: 16cm; 6 1/4in (8) Provenance The first: Comtesse de Broussiere, until circa 1913, said to have been found by her father Julian Greau, in the Rhone Valley towards the end of 19th century, Karl Freund (Anderson Galleries), 16th May 1928 The second to eighth: Sumner Healey, New York, 30th April 1929 JWHA Inv. Nos. 238.50, 238.49, 551, 238.55, 238.53, 238.47, 238.52, 238.51 ‡ £200-300

115 ONE BRONZE AND THREE IRON AXE HEADS, BRONZE AGE-IRON AGE AND LATER the bronze axe-head probably from the Iberian Peninsula, the blade with pronounced flare, two small projections on either side, two of the iron axe heads with wrapped socket, the larger with remains of wood shaft, the fourth a fragmentary flared blade the first: 17cm; 6 3/4in (4) Provenance The first: Marques de Valderrey, Castellana 14, Madrid, 6th May 1931 The third: Comtesse de Broussiere, until circa 1913, said to have been found by her father Julian Greau, in the Rhone Valley towards the end of 19th century, Karl Freund (Anderson Galleries), 16th May 1928 The last: Azeez Khayat Sale at Samuel T. Freeman and Co. of Philadelphia, 11th April 1933 JWHA Inv. Nos. 1654.1, 238.77, 550, 1962 ‡ £200-300

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117

116 116 A CENTRAL EUROPEAN BRONZE SWORD, BRONZE AGE, 1000-800BC with elongated leaf-shaped blade formed with a rounded medial rib, the hilt with spreading guard and pierced disc pommel with cylindrical finial (repaired) 61.5cm; 24 1/8in Provenance Parke-Bernet Galleries Inc., New York, 17th November 1944, lot 111a JWHA Inv. No. 2780 ‡ £400-600

117 FOUR ANCIENT DAGGER BLADES, EASTERN MEDITERRANEAN comprising two long tapering blades, Bronze Age, 3000-1500 BC, a triangular flat blade, Greek or Republican Period Roman, 500-300BC, and a fragmentary Bronze Age dagger blade, 2500-1500BC the first 27cm; 10 5/8in; the second, 29.2cm; 11 1/2in; the third 18.5cm; 7 1/4in, the last 16.5cm; 6 1/2in (4) Provenance The first and second: Sumner Healey, New York, 30th April 1929 The third: Azeez Khayat, New York, 8th February 1929 JWHA Inv. Nos. 238.6, 238.7, 712, 238.36 ‡ £150-250

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118

119

118 A GROUP OF TEN BRONZE AND IRON SPEARHEADS AND AN ARROWHEAD, LATE BRONZE AGE-IRON AGE AND ROMAN, 1000BC-500AD in excavated condition, the two bronze items comprising a leaf-shaped Greek or Northern European spearhead, and an arrowhead, probably Eastern Mediterranean, and nine iron spear points of various shapes and sizes, Greek or Roman, the first with leaf-shaped blade, broken in two, the second with faceted hollow blade, the third with diamond shaped blade, the fourth with large leaf shaped blade, severely corroded, the fifth tapered and ridged, in fragmentary condition, the sixth and seventh with long and short leaf-shaped blades respectively, the eight with faceted tapered blade, the last small diamond-shaped blade the first: 13.5cm; 5 3/8in (11)

119 A MISCELLANEOUS GROUP OF SIX BRONZE AND IRON IMPLEMENTS, FIRST MILLENIUM BC AND LATER comprising an iron sickle blade, Europe, 16th century or earlier, of crescent shaped form with integral ring socket, a Roman bronze strigil, 1st-2nd century AD, an Indian bronze elephant goad blade (ankus), probably 15th/16th century, a bronze tool, with flared chisel blades at either end, possibly Roman, and two serpentine knife blades, one iron, the other bronze, probably Iberia, 1st millennium BC 45cm; 17 3/4in and smaller (6)

Provenance Bronze and iron spearheads: Sumner Healey, New York, 30th April 1929 Arrowhead: Azeez Khayat, New York, 5th June 1928 JWHA Inv. Nos. 238.42, 561, 238.61, 238.75, 238.63, 238.66, 238.67, 238.70, 238.71, 238.73, 238.74 ‡ £150-250

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Provenance The fourth: Comtesse de Broussiere, until circa 1913, said to have been found by her father Julian Greau, in the Rhone Valley towards the end of 19th century, Karl Freund (Anderson Galleries), 16th May 1928 The last: Note on the old file card states: “Purchased from the store room of the Egyptian collection of the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York, September 1, 1958, by Richard C. Higgins and present [sic] to JWHA. their gift catalogue number, 219”. A later record states that no records have been found at the Metropolitan Museum to verify this statement. JWHA Inv. Nos. 238.25, 238.14, 299, 553, 3154, 285 ‡ £250-350


121

120

120 FOUR ETRUSCAN AND ONE ROMAN BRONZE FIBULA, ITALY AND ROMAN EMPIRE, 800-600BC AND 200-400 AD the first four of crescent-shaped form, the first with hollowed body decorated on the outside with incised geometric designs, the pin missing, the second, third and fourth of similar but more slender solid form, with coiled hinge, tapering pin and catch plate, of decreasing size, all with incised decoration the last of “crossbow” type with ball finials and traces of gilt The first 9.5cm; 3 3/4in, the others smaller (5) Provenance The first three: Vester and Co. Inc., New York, 28th November 1933 The last: Comtesse de Broussiere, until circa 1913, said to have been found by her father Julian Greau, in the Rhone Valley towards the end of 19th century, Karl Freund (Anderson Galleries), 16th May 1928 Exhibited: the last, Early Christian and Byzantine Art, Walters Art Gallery, Baltimore, April-June 1947 JWHA Inv. Nos. 2019.4, 2019.1, 2019.2, 2019.3, 552.1 ‡ £300-400

121 SIX PIECES OF BRONZE AND SILVER JEWELLERY, 1300BC AND LATER comprising a bronze necklet, probably mediaeval, of circular form, with tapered ends, the attachment missing, a small bronze bracelet, probably of later date, with cobra-head finials and twisted rope work decoration, a Luristan bronze anklet, 13th-7th century BC, of circular form, with removable hinged section, decorated with zoomorphic designs in relief, and three fragmentary silver bracelets, of ascending size, each corroded and cleaned, with parts missing, the last with detached uncleaned fragment the first 12cm; 4 3/4in diameter, the others smaller (8,including separate pieces) Provenance The second: Parke-Bernet Galleries Inc., New York, 9th March 1950 The third: Nasli M. Heeramaneck, sold Parke-Bernet Galleries, New York, 19th October 1950, The last three: Anderson Galleries Inc., New York, 20th April 1928, lot 173 JWHA Inv. Nos. 298, 2853.1, 2864, 407.9, 407.5, 407.3 ‡ £250-300

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122

123

122 A BRONZE CORNER MOUNT, GREECE, 600-300BC probably from a chariot, in the form of a right angle with flanged edges, with two animals, probably a lamb and a dog at each end of the top 6cm; 2 3/8in high; 10.2cm; 4in wide

123 A GROUP OF ETRUSCAN AND ROMAN BRONZE VESSELS AND OBJECTS, EIGHTH CENTURY BC AND LATER comprising an Italic pilgrim flask, circa 800BC, in fragmentary condition with embossed circle and dot decoration; two hemispherical bronze bowls, Roman Imperial Period, 1st-3rd century AD; a Roman Jug, probably 1st century AD, with associated handle; a Roman Jug-Handle with leaf-shaped terminal decorated with a mask; and a Greco-Roman WaterVessel (situla) Handle, with fir-cone (?) finials the first 28cm; 11in max length, and smaller (6)

Provenance Nasli M. Heeramaneck, sold Parke-Bernet Galleries, New York, 19th October 1950, lot 9 JWHA Inv. No. 2863 ‡ £300-500

Provenance The first: Gift from Cyril Andrade Ltd., London, 16th May 1930 The second, third, fifth and sixth: Sumner Healey, New York, 30th April, 1929 The fourth: Azeez Khayat, New York, 8th February 1929 JWHA Inv. Nos. 1146, 238.1&2, 715, 238.29, 238.32 ‡ £250-350

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125

124 124 A GROUP OF TEN PINS AND THREE NAILS, MEDITERRANEAN OR EUROPE, BRONZE AGE AND LATER comprising four bronze pins with pointed knop finials, two small bronze pins with solid ball finials, two long bronze pins with hollow ball finials, a bronze implement with spherical knop and iron pin, a Cypriot bronze pin with central eyelet, and three Roman iron nails, 83-87AD 33cm; 13in long and smaller (14) Provenance The first six: Sumner Healey, New York, 30th April 1929 The ninth: M.A. Durand, Paris, 29th August 1933 The tenth: Azeez Khayat, 366 Fifth Avenue, New York Anderson Galleries Inc., New York, 11th-12th April 1928, lot 405 The nails: From a hoard excavated at site of Pinnata Costra (Inchtuthil), Scotland in 1960 Given to the Armoury by Dow Chemical Company, (Midland, MI), 25th July 1966 JWHA Inv. Nos. 238.110, 238.114, 238.109, 238.104, 238.111, 238.108, 300, 301, 1969, 528.9, 3202.1-3 Pins of this type were used as dress pins. For a similar eyelet pin, see J. L. Myres, 1914, p.475. ‡ £150-250

125 A GROUP OF SAXON AND MEDIAEVAL BRONZE BUCKLES AND OTHER ITEMS, NORTHERN EUROPE OR BRITAIN comprising a pair of bronze belt fittings, circa 1000AD, of triangular form, with five domed studs bordered by silver gilt, the central area with incised abstract designs and silver-gilt looped projections on the short edge and on the reverse, two quatrefoil buckles, probably 500-1000AD, the larger with curved bar on one end, a fragmentary mediaeval badge or ornament, 15th century or earlier, two oval buckles, 450-1000AD, of oval section, one with ridged, the other incised geometric decoration, and a ball finial of later date, with traces of gilt the first 9.2cm; 3 5/8in long and smaller (8) Provenance The fourth (larger quatrefoil buckle), fifth (badge) and sixth (larger oval buckle): Sumner Healey, New York, 30th April 1929 JWHA Inv. Nos. 238.116a&b, 238.59, 238.60, 238.119, 238.13, 238.4, 138 Exhibited Early Christian and Byzantine Art, Baltimore Museum of Art, 25th April-22nd June, 1947 Badges of circular openwork form were worn by pilgrims during the mediaeval period as mementoes and proof of pilgrimage. See L. and R. A. Adkins, 1982, p.180. ‡ £300-400

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126 TWO MAMLUK STEEL HAND-MIRRORS AND PART OF A ROMAN BRONZE HAND-MIRROR the larger with incised arabesque design around a rope work border on the reverse of the reflecting face, the slightly flared handle with chevron fluting and bud finial, the other of similar form, the body plain on each side, the handle with spiralled fluting and traces of gilt, the bronze mirror plate of balloonshaped form, with projecting wire attachment for handle, now missing The first: 9.5cm; 11 5/8in long and smaller (3)

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Provenance The first and second: Theron Damon, New York, May 15th, 1936 The third: Azeez Khayat, New York, given to the Armoury, July 1st, 1954 JWHA Inv. Nos. 2330, 2331, 713 ‡ £600-800

127 A BRONZE FIGURE OF OSIRIS, EGYPT, LATE PERIOD (600-30BC) with stylised long beard, a crown with cobra, his hands holding a flail and crook 11.2cm; 4 3/4in Provenance JWHA Inv. No. 297 ‡ £200-300

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128 A MISCELLANEOUS GROUP OF ANTIQUITIES comprising a Roman lead pyxis (cylindrical box), 3rd-4th century AD, an Iron Razor, probably Roman, the rectangular blade with tapered handle and plate finial, a Bronze Ferrule, Britain, probably late Bronze Age, a Bronze Key, Byzantine or later, and a Grey Stone Celt, of rounded triangular form the second: 12.5cm; 5in and smaller (5) Provenance The third: Sumner Healey, New York, 30th April, 1929 The fourth: Azeez Khayat, New York, 5th June 1928, found by him in Nazareth The last: gift to the Armoury by H. C. Hosier, Braeside, Wyoming Avenue, South Orange, New Jersey JWHA Inv. Nos. 711.1&2, 2358, 238.30, 554, 549 ‡ £300-400

128

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131 reverse

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European Works of Art 129 FIFTEEN MISCELLANEOUS ANCIENT AND ISLAMIC COINS including: a Fatimid billon dirham, an Arab Byzantine fals of Hims, a glass weight depicting a lion (possibly Mamluk) and miscellaneous Greek Imperial and Byzantine bronze issues including some of Egyptian interest, mixed lower grades; together with six late Roman bronze coins including a Follis of Constantius I (21) Provenance The fifteen miscellaneous coins collected by Charles O. Chaplin ‘in the Orient’ in 1870-71. Gifted to the Museum by Mrs R. Sanford Riley, 12th March 1932 JWHA Inv. Nos. 1725, 2002.02.1, 2002.02.3, 564, 2979.4, 2980.30, 2980.38 ‡ £250-350 130 A LEAD PORTRAIT MEDALLION OF NICHOLAS COUNT OF SALM, PROBABLY GERMAN, LATE 19TH CENTURY the hatted bust in high relief profile surrounded by the inscription: ‘Niclas.Graf.zu.Salm.der.Elter’ and beside the date 1521 in Roman numerals, reverse scratched: J.W.H. Armory No.692, 6cm, 2 3/8 in diameter; together with a “In Tempestate Securitas” silver medal, the talisman based upon a Thaler coin, well worn; and an apparently Louis XIII brass coin (3)

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Provenance Medallion: Frédéric Spitzer, Paris, sold Anderson Galleries, New York, 10th January 1929, lot 291 Medal: A. Swatek, Grosstes Antiquataten Lager, Salzburg, sold 2nd May 1930 JWHA Inv. Nos. 692, 1190, 1725.104 ‡ £80-120 131 A POLISHED IRON PORTRAIT MEDALLION, PROBABLY GERMAN, PERHAPS BRANDENBURG, CIRCA 1700 the bust in high relief profile above a splay-winged eagle and flanked by tendril and leaf sprays, the reverse with a possibly associated engraved panel centred by a monogram above initials CBF within a scroll foliate and grotesque mask cartouche and below a coronet held aloft by putti 7.3cm, 2 7/8in diameter Provenance Frédéric Spitzer, Paris, sold Anderson Galleries, New York, 9th January 1929, lot 105 JWHA Inv. No. 687 ‡ £500-800


132

132 SEVEN SMALL LEAD PLAQUETTES, 16TH CENTURY NUREMBERG STYLE the relief moulded rectangles personifying the following: Justice, Hope, Saturn, Venus, Jupiter, Luna and Mercury 8.5 x 5.5cm, 3 3/8 x 2 1/8in (7) Provenance Frédéric Spitzer, Paris, sold Anderson Galleries, New York, 10th January 1929 JWHA Inv. Nos. 695.1-7 ‡ £600-900

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133

133 A LEAD ROUNDEL OF ‘DE BOURS DRIVING MERVILLE AND TRESLONG OUT OF THE CITADEL OF ANTWERP’, AFTER THE MODEL ATTRIBUTED TO JACQUES JONGHELINCK (1530-1606) relief moulded with a scene from the Spanish Fury of 1576, to the foreground with battling halberdiers, musketeers off to the left, the background with soldiers crowding the moat bridge to the artillery mounted citadel below a figure of Justice amidst clouds, within a guilloche border 18cm, 7in diameter Provenance Frédéric Spitzer, Paris, sold Anderson Galleries, New York, 10th January 1929, lot 328 JWHA Inv. No. 694 This roundel is one from a set of six depicting events surrounding the ‘Spanish Fury’ of 1576.For a full set of the series in bronze see Victoria & Albert Museum, A3338/1975.The ‘Tericos’, mercenaries in the service of the Spanish authorities, had not been paid, following Spain’s declaration of bankruptcy. Their consequent rampage through Antwerp in November saw three days of horror: the massacre

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of over 2500 citizens as the Tericos looted and burnt countless buildings, including the magnificent Town Hall. In August the following year a Netherlandish coalition overthrew the Spanish troops in the Citadel and it was subsequently demolished by the citizenry, as shown in the present roundel. Five of the subjects, including this scene, are derived from engravings by the Wierix brothers after drawings by Martin de Vos (1532-1603). Four of the drawings can be found in the Ashmolean at Oxford and one at the Metropolitan in New York. The fine detail and modelling of the figures on this series of circular plaquettes has led to the attribution to Jacques Jonghelinck, the medalist and sculptor who was Antwerp’s Master of the Mint at this period. For other lead roundels from this series see Morton & Eden, London, 14 June 2007, lot 589, Matthew Barton Ltd, London, 25 May 2012, lot 101, and Sotheby’s, New York, Cyril Humphris Collection, 11th January 1995, lot 324. See, C. Avery, London, 1981, pp.133-147 I. Weber, 1975, pp.307/8, cat. nos. 709.1/4, pl.195. ‡ £800-1200


134

134 A LEAD ROUNDEL OF MINOS AND SCYLLA, AFTER THE MODEL ATTRIBUTED TO THE WORKSHOP OF HANS JAMNITZER (MASTER ‘HG’ 1538-1603) relief moulded with the central equestrian figure of the besieging King Minos before classical maidens and a tower topped by Scylla gazing down at him, a block of pike-men to his rear, the coastal town and shipping to the background, a tree stump to the foreground dated and initialled ‘1569 / HG’ 17cm, 6 3/4in diameter

Provenance Frédéric Spitzer, Paris, sold Anderson Galleries, New York, 10th January 1929, lot 325 JWHA Inv. No. 693 Scylla, the daughter of King Nisus, fell in love with the Cretan King Minos, when she watched from the battlements as Hebe sieged her father’s city. On the head of King Nisus grew a lock of purple hair, which protected his kingdom. Scylla cut this off while he slept and gave it to Minos. Inevitably Minos was now victorious, but he abandoned Scylla, disapproving of her treachery. As Minos sailed away, the wretched Scylla swam after him, only to be attacked by her father in the guise of a sea eagle. Her fate was to be transformed into a sea bird, eternally preyed upon by her sea eagle father. For further Jamnitzer lead plaquettes of this subject see: Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam, Inv. No. BK-1954-36, Historisches Museum, Basel, Inv. No. 1904.1044, and Koller Auctions, Zurich, 20 March 2006, lot 1006. See I. Weber, 1975, pl. 271 and K. Pechstein, 1985, p.420. ‡ £800-1200

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135

135 A WOOD FIGURE OF ST. FLORIAN, GOTHIC STYLE showing the saint in darkened ‘transitional’ Germanic armour under a belted green overgarment holding a lance with furled white standard and a bucket dowsing the flaming church at his feet, later polychrome 144cm, 56in high Provenance Plaza Curiosity Shop, New York, 12th July 1930 JWHA Inv. No. 1221 ‡ £1200-1800

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136 A WOOD FIGURE OF A WARRIOR SAINT, PERHAPS ST. FLORIAN, GOTHIC STYLE the coroneted figure in armour, left arm missing, right arm holding a church, traces of polychrome, heavily restored 126cm, 49 1/2in high Provenance Anderson Galleries Inc., New York, 21st March 1927, ex Earl of Lytton sale, apparently lot 124, where catalogued as ‘Gothic Polychrome and carved wood statue of St. Leopold, Duke of Austria, Danube School, 15th century’. Brummer Gallery Inc., New York, inv. no. N-2279, 25th October 1929 JWHA Inv. No. 757 ‡ £1000-1500

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137

137 A POLYCHROME AND GILDED FIGURE OF ST. GEORGE, SPANISH, PROBABLY 17TH CENTURY the caped saint in typical pose with raised sword and a foot on the dragon, extensive later gilding and polychrome 77cm, 30 1/4in high Provenance J. Valenciano, Barcelona, 21st May 1931 JWHA Inv. No. 1505 ‡ £500-800

138

138 A PAIR OF POLYCHROME AND GILTWOOD FIGURES OF SOLDIERS, AUSTRIAN, 17TH/18TH CENTURY each shown wearing a Baroque interpretation of Roman armour, extensive later polychrome 63, 68cm, 24 3/4, 26 1/2in high (2) Provenance Josef Berger und Sohn, Vienna, 8th May 1930 JWHA Inv. No. 1208, 1209 These figures may be from a Crucifixion group, possibly including the popular St Florian. See F. Tschochner, 1981, figs. 116 & 167. ‡ £800-1200

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139

139 FIVE GILT-METAL FIGURAL CABINET FINIALS, PROBABLY GERMAN, 16TH CENTURY STYLE three apparently gilt-brass armoured soldiers, one apparently silver-gilt armoured soldier and one apparently silver-gilt figure of St George largest 6cm, 2 3/8in high excluding wood stands (5) Provenance Frédéric Spitzer, Paris, sold Anderson Galleries, New York, 11th January 1929, lots 138 & 335 JWHA Inv. Nos. 690. 1-4, 696 ‡ £600-800

140

140 A FRUITWOOD RELIEF OF A BATTLE SCENE, SOUTH GERMAN, POSSIBLY LATE 17TH OR EARLY 18TH CENTURY in the manner of Ignaz Elhafen, with mounted turbaned figures to the left and equestrian ‘Roman’ figures to the right, reverse of panel later inscribed ‘… Spitzer Collection 1893’, in a circa 1900 carved walnut deep frame, reverse with damaged Collection Spitzer No.1893 label and other inscriptions panel 10.5 x 14.5cm, 4 x 5 1/2in Provenance Frédéric Spitzer, Paris, sold Anderson Galleries, New York, 11th January 1929, lot 58 JWHA Inv. No. 684 ‡ £500-800

80


141

141 A SPANISH POLYCHROME AND GILT WOOD RELIEF OF THE ARCHANGEL MICHAEL, 16TH CENTURY the armoured and winged Archangel with raised sword, the other hand weighing the souls of the dead represented as diminutive naked figures, one pan of his balance surreptitiously pulled down by an inverted demon at his feet beside two kneeling figures praying with rosaries for a soul’s redemption, showing traces of estofado, some old restoration 84 x 43.5cm, 33 x 17in

Provenance Arthur Byne, Madrid, 8th June 1931 JWHA Inv. No. 1525 Exhibited Assumption College, Worcester, Massachusetts, 1 May-27 June 1961 ‡ £2000-3000

81


142 AN IRON METALWORKER’S TRADE SIGN, PROBABLY CENTRAL EUROPEAN, 18TH CENTURY STYLE the ribbon-tied roundel including nails, a horseshoe, a wheel and a key 72cm, 28 1/4in high Provenance Collector’s Corner, New York, 12th June 1941 JWHA Inv. No. 2625 For related examples see H.R. d’Allemagne, 1968, fig. 170. ‡ £400-600

142

143 A PAINTED METAL ARMORIAL SHIELD, GERMAN, 19TH CENTURY the arms below a banner inscribed in Gothic script apparently reading ‘Zwerschinn’ 14cm, 5 1/2in high Provenance Ernst Schmidt, Munich, 5th June 1930 JWHA Inv. No. 1118.1 ‡ £60-80

143

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144

144 A SET OF FOUR WROUGHT IRON GRILLES, PROBABLY GERMAN OR AUSTRIAN, 16TH/17TH CENTURY each square of scrollwork with chiselled leafy embellishments centred by a seraph 96cm, 27 1/2in square (4)

Provenance Brummer Gallery Inc., New York, 19th October 1935 JWHA Inv. No. 2275.1-4 For a related grille see P. Krenn & W. J. Karcheski Jr., 1992, figs. 94/95 and C. Ffoulkes, 1913, p.61, fig.43. ‡ £1500-2500

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145

145 A SOUTH GERMAN MINIATURE CASKET, NUREMBERG, LATE 16TH CENTURY the iron etched with scroll bands surrounding male and female portrait profiles within quatrefoils, on probably later ball feet, the lid with gilt-copper stiff leaf engraved rim mounts and sliding central bar obscuring the keyhole, gilt-copper handle, with key operating a sprung lock shooting two bolts 11cm, 4 3/8in wide

Provenance Giulia Morosini, sold American Art Association, New York, 10th15th October 1932, part of lot 212 JWHA Inv. Nos. 1800.a, 1800.b For comparable Nuremberg etched iron miniature caskets of this date, one also with gilt-copper rim mounts, see M. Trömner, 2005, Nos. 21 and 22. See also another etched iron casket, Christie’s, London, 19th July 2012, lot 146. ‡ £700-1000

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146

146 A POLISHED IRON STRONGBOX, PROBABLY FRENCH, CIRCA 1700 with free-standing leaf-wrapped columns to the corners and end drop loop handles, embellished overall with applied scroll tendrils and foliage, the front with applied trelliswork panels and a central mask, the lid with raised central section with sprung keyhole cover, the lid interior with a grille pierced and engraved with birds and vases amidst foliage over the lock mechanism shooting multiple bolts, later baize lining 44 x 64 x 40cm, 17 1/4 high x 25 1/4 wide x 15 3/4in deep

Provenance Parke-Bernet Galleries Inc., New York, 9th March 1950, lot 158 JWHA Inv. No. 2857 ‥ £3000-4000

85


148

147

149

147 AN IRON LOCK, SPANISH, 16TH CENTURY GOTHIC STYLE the plate bordered on three sides by pierced trailing foliage and three pilasters, the central pilaster swinging to reveal the keyhole to one side of the hasp, laid on a red felt and wood backing; together with another iron door lock, perhaps Spanish, 17th century style, shield shaped, initialled LKM, with elaborate tower casing, with a chained key operating the sprung bolt first lock: plate 19.5cm, 7 3/8in high, second lock: 34cm, 13in long (2) Provenance First lock: American Art Association, New York, Deans Armor Sale, 23rd November 1928, lot 5 Second lock: Symons Inc., New York, sold 28th June 1935 JWHA Inv. Nos. 596, 2254 a & b ‡ £250-350

148 AN IRON LOCK, SPANISH, PROBABLY 17TH CENTURY the flared plate applied with decorative scrolls and a pierced foliate band, shooting two latches; with an associated later key on chain Provenance Symons Inc., New York, sold 28th June 1935 JWHA Inv. No. 2253 a & b ‡ £400-600

86

150 149 A GROUP OF THREE IRON KEYS: a folding key with elaborate bit, perhaps 18th century; a key with circular pierced bow and later shaft and bit, perhaps 17th century; and a key with pierced decorative bow and elaborate bit in late 17th century style (3) Provenance First key: Sumner Healey, New York, 27th December 1930 Second key: St. Christopher’s Church, Worcester, Massachusetts, given to Higgins Armory Museum 9th April 1968 JWHA Inv. Nos. 1358, 3449.b, 558 ‡ £200-300

150 A LARGE IRON PADLOCK AND KEY, 17TH /18TH CENTURY STYLE the lock of shield shape, the chained key with elaborate bit; together with a group of three iron padlocks, two with keys large padlock 44.5cm, 17 1/2in long (4) Provenance Large padlock: Francisca Reyes, New York, sold 15th September 1968 JWHA Inv. Nos. 2363.a & b, 2730.8, 2729.2, 1976 ‡ £200-300


151 A LARGE PAIR OF DIVIDERS, LATE 17TH/18TH CENTURY formed of a pair of arms hinged at the top and retained by a pierced scrolling foliate bracket on each side, tapering faceted terminals issuant from a serpent mask, one arm stamped ‘F.B.D.D.’ in rudimentary letters and fitting within the other (pitted) 72.5cm; 28 1/2in overall Provenance Sumner Healey, New York, 11th December 1926 JWHA Inv. No. 224 ‡ £120-180

152 TWO PAIRS OF DIVIDERS, 18TH/19TH CENTURIES the first of polished steel, the top portion left open and decorated with simple filed ornament beneath; the second of robust form, decorated with simple mouldings at the top the first: 15.5cm; 6 1/8in (2)

151

Provenance Sumner Healey, New York JWHA Inv. Nos. 1909, 1920 ‡ £30-50

153 A PAIR OF SHEARS, 18TH/19TH CENTURY formed of a pair of blades of flattened triangular section, struck with a ‘P’ mark on each side, and small ring-shaped apertures for the fingers decorated with simple filed mouldings (one tip chipped, patinated) 31cm; 12 1/4in

152

Provenance Theodore Offerman, sold York Galleries, New York, 6th March 1931 JWHA Inv. No. 1399 ‡ £40-60

153 154 THREE HAMMERS AND TWO PUNCHES, 17TH/19TH CENTURIES the first a detached hammer head, with square hammer face and claw rear terminal, chiselled over its surface with scrolls; the second a small hammer, comprising a small head at each end with wedge shaped terminal and integral handle; the third with square hammer face and claw-shaped rear terminal, engraved on one face with a dog and the other with a cockerel; the fourth for impressing a floral pattern; and the fifth for an anthemion design the first:10cm; 4in across (5) Provenance Sumner Healey, New York, various dates JWHA Inv. Nos. 1906, 1939, 1895, 1949.1, 1949.2 ‡ £80-100

154

87


155 A SCREW-PLATE, DATED 1714 AND A FOLDING RULE the first formed of two arms, centrally divided and pierced, when closed, with eighteen threaded apertures, integral grips fitted with a spring, and a tightening thumb screw; the second formed of a pair of folding arms, engraved with centimetres on one side and inches on the other Provenance The first: Sumner Healey, New York, 1st February 1933 The second: Nicolas E. Landau, Paris

155

JWHA Inv. Nos. 1916, 2494 ‡ £50-80 156 A DECORATED SMALL SAW, PERHAPS FOR HORTICULTURAL USE, 18TH CENTURY AND A SMALL STEEL YARD BALANCE, 18TH/19TH CENTURY the first formed of an open steel box, fitted with blued ratchet wheel, engraved and gilt with flowers and fitted with later saw string and beam; the second of characteristic form, with two hooks for suspension (the adjustable hook missing) the first: 5.5cm; 2 1/4in, mechanism length (2)

156

Provenance The first: Frédéric Spitzer, Paris, sold Anderson Galleries, New York, 9th January 1929 lot 122 The second: Sumner Healey, New York, 1st February 1933 JWHA Inv. Nos. 688, 1928 ‡ £70-90 157 A SAW, 17TH CENTURY, PROBABLY FRENCH OR GERMAN of rectangular form, fitted with tubular handle with knop-shaped terminal and a pierced lily-shaped finial (chipped, areas of pitting) 45cm; 17 3/4in

157

Provenance Sumner Healey, New York, 20th March 1933 JWHA Inv. No. 1951 ‡ £40-60

158

158 A DOUBLE VICE, A WRENCH AND A CLAMPING TOOL, 17TH/19TH CENTURIES the first formed of a pair of sprung jaws, and a threaded rod with crank handle (basal nut missing); the second of two scrolling bars decorated with filed ornament, and the terminal incorporating a 1 1/8 in diameter hexagonal nut aperture; and the third for gripping tube, with a pair of slender arms with pierced terminals the first:11.5cm; 4 1/2in high (3) Provenance Sumner Healey, New York, various dates JWHA Inv. Nos. 2563, 1425, 2459 ‡ £80-120

88


162

161 159 A MATTOCK HEAD AND TWO ANVILS, 18TH/19TH CENTURIES the first stamped with a series of marks on the head and tapering socket; the second with near conical terminal and pierced flat wedge-shaped terminal; the third with conical and near flat terminals, and moulded base decorated with a vacant panel on each side the first: 14.5cm; 5 3/4in high (3) Provenance The first and second: Sumner Healey, New York, The third: Julio Pascual, Toledo, Spain, May 1931 JWHA Inv. Nos. 1419, 1718.8, 1632 ‡ £80-120 160 A MOULD FOR A SPOON, 18TH/19TH CENTURY of copper alloy, formed in two pieces, the bowl with so-called rat tail, the exterior with integral funnel for metal and two lugs for cast mounting Provenance Charles F. B. Wilding, 29th December 1943 JWHA Inv. No. 2736 ‡ £20-30 161 TWO LARGE THUMB SCREWS, 19TH CENTURY the first comprising an iron plate with four knurled blocks acting on a piece of semi-circular knurled wood bound by iron and fitted with two threaded

163

rods, each with its tightening nut; the second formed entirely of steel, formed on an M-shaped bar, threaded in the centre, with pierced tightening nut, and two additional pierced collars the first: 20.5cm; 8 1/8in high (2) Provenance William Randolph Hearst, sold Gimbel Brothers, New York, 31st October 1941 JWHA Inv. Nos. 2643, 2644 ‡ £100-150 162 TWO THUMB SCREWS, POSSIBLY 17TH AND 19TH CENTURIES formed entirely of iron, the first of moulded bars shaped for the fingers, two with threaded terminals, complete with a globose padlock; the second shaped for the fingers, and with a central screw thread the first: 9cm; 3 1/2in high (2) Provenance The first: William Randolph Hearst, sold Gimbel Brothers, New York, 31st October 1941 The second: Sumner Healey, New York, 6th June 1932 JWHA Inv. Nos. 2645, 1743 ‡ £120-180 163 TWO THUMB SCREWS, 19TH CENTURIES formed entirely of iron, each shaped for the fingers, and with a central screw thread, one fitted with a block-shaped lock the first:7cm; 2 3/4in high (2) Provenance The second: Sumner Healey, New York, 20th March 1931 JWHA Inv. Nos. 1443, 1429 ‡ £120-180

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164

165

164 TWO CORSETS, 18TH/19TH CENTURY the first formed of sheet steel, pierced with a trellis pattern and a solid plate over the left of the chest, fitted with a vertical hinge at the front and a steel buckle for closure at the rear, and pierced at the edges for a lining; the second formed of large riveted plates, a pair of kidney-shaped plates at the base, hinged at the front and with two catches for closure at the rear (pitted) the first: 42cm; 16 1/2in high (2)

165 A CHASTITY BELT, 19TH CENTURY formed of a pair of hinged basal plates of characteristic form, each pierced with holes for a lining at the borders and a heart-shaped aperture, fitted at the top with a pierced slender shaped belt, hinged at the back and secured by a pair of padlocks at the front 21cm; 8 1/4in high

Provenance The first: Giulia Morosini, sold American Art Association, New York, 10th-15th October 1932, 11th October 1932 lot 437 The second: William Randolph Hearst, sold Gimbel Brothers, New York, 31st October 1941, no. 623-11 JWHA Inv. Nos. 1760, 2649 ‡ £500-800

90

Provenance Clarence H. Mackay, sold Jacques Seligman & Co., New York, 18th July 1939 JWHA Inv. No. 2531 ‡ £150-250


166 TWO LEG SHACKLES, A RUDIMENTARY PAIR OF HAND CUFFS AND A WAIST RESTRAINT, 17TH/19TH CENTURIES the first with oval base incorporating a lock, and hinged Ushaped arm; the second similar (repaired); the third formed of two U-shaped bars joined by a thumb screw; and the fourth hinged at the back and fitted with an integral lock at the front the first:11.5cm; 4 1/2in high (4) Provenance The second: Estate of Sumner Healey, sold Coleman Auction Galleries, New York, 14th February 1940, part of lot 846a The third: Jean Bachereau, Paris, 27th May 1930 The fourth: Maison Julien, Carcassonne, France, May 1931 JWHA Inv. Nos. 468, 2576.4, 1257, 1637 ‡ £200-300 167 THREE PAIRS OF HAND CUFFS AND A SINGLE SHACKLE, 19TH CENTURY the first formed with adjustable ratchet arms, and robust chain between; the second by Thompson; the third similar, and the fourth with chain retained by a spring clip (4)

166

Provenance Estate of Sumner Healey, sold Coleman Auction Galleries, New York, 14th February 1940, part of lot 846a JWHA Inv. Nos. 2574.1, 2574.2, 2576.3, 2576.2 ‡ £80-120 168 A DILATING TORTURE DEVICE IN 16TH CENTURY STYLE, 19TH CENTURY of pear-shaped form, cast in four sections, each decorated with stylised strapwork (one loose), fitted on the inside with a screw thread and corresponding arms, and pierced decorated thumb-screw 15cm; 6in overall

167

Provenance Sumner Healey, 20th March 1933 JWHA Inv. No. 1945 ‡ £80-120 169 A SPIKED COLLAR IN 17TH CENTURY STYLE, 19TH/EARLY 20TH CENTURY for a hound, formed of four pierced rectangular plates each joined by four bars, fitted throughout with long pyramidal spikes, and three rings 53.5cm; 21 1/8in long Provenance Max Gluckselig, New York, 26th September 1941 JWHA Inv. No. 2633 ‡ £40-60

168

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170

170 AN OAK COFFER, PROBABLY NORTHERN FRANCE, LATE 15TH CENTURY/EARLY 16TH CENTURY the hinged rectangular top above five Gothic tracery carved panels to the front and twin linen-fold panels to the sides 77.5 x 156.5 x 52.5cm, 30 1/2 high x 61 1/2 wide x 30 1/2in deep

92

Provenance Leon Medina, New York, sold 18 October 1929 JWHA Inv. No. 998 ‡ £2000-3000


171

171 A STAINED GLASS PANEL, PROBABLY GERMAN, EARLY 20TH CENTURY COMPOSITE with earlier unrelated fragments, composed to show a figure of a Holy Roman emperor surrounded by some landscapes and other pieces 90 x 69cm, 35 1/2 x 27 1/8in Provenance Duc de Valencay collection Arnold Seligmann, Rey & Co. Inc., New York William Randolph Hearst Parke-Bernet Galleries Inc., New York, 8th December 1951, lot 1294 JWHA Inv. No. 2975

172

172 A STAINED GLASS PANEL, SOUTH GERMAN OR SWISS, 16TH CENTURY STYLE depicting two soldiers in ‘Maximilian’ style armour; together with another stained glass panel, South German or Swiss, 16th century style, centred by a shield flanked by martial figures, inscribed: Die Statt Fryburg 47.5 x 36.5cm, 18 3/4 x 14 3/8in; 34.5 x 25.5cm, 13 1/2 x 10in (2) Provenance First panel: Josephine M. Hodskins, South Hadley, Massachusetts, sold 9th November 1939 JWHA Inv. Nos. 2552, 3047 ‡ £400-600

‡ £400-600

93


173 A LARGE STAINED GLASS WINDOW, PROBABLY FRENCH, 13TH CENTURY STYLE, INCORPORATING PROBABLY EARLY ELEMENTS comprising a segmental quatrefoil of a Christ figure flanked by angels surrounded by foliage above spandrels with further angels flanking a large arched panel of a king and a knight, a central panel of two knights being blessed by a monk and a lower panel of the Massacre of the Innocents panels 76.5cm, 30 1/8in wide, approximately 270cm, 104in high overall (10)

94

Provenance William Randoph Hearst, No. 1102-8 Gimbel Brothers, New York, sold 1st November 1943 JWHA Inv. No. 2735 The museum archives state that Dr Virginia C. Raguin believes the window was from the church of Saint-Julien-du-Sault, Burgundy ‡ £4000-6000


173

95


174

175

174 TWO GERMAN STAINED GLASS PANELS, ERNST SCHMIDT WORKSHOP, MUNICH, 1920s one depicting a battle scene, the other of St. George 35 x 27cm, 13 3/4x 10 1/2in; 36 x 25cm, 14 1/4 x 10in excluding wood frames (2)

176 THREE GERMAN STAINED GLASS ARMORIAL PANELS, ERNST SCHMIDT WORKSHOP, MUNICH, 1920s one rectangular and two roundels, one roundel damaged panel 23.5 x 17cm, 9 1/4 x 6 3/4in excluding metal frame, undamaged roundel 14cm, 5 1/2in diameter (3)

Provenance Ernst Schmidt, Munich, 5th June 1930

Provenance Ernst Schmidt, Munich, sold 5th June 1930

JWHA Inv. Nos. 6091, 6085

JWHA Inv. Nos. 6112.2, 6112.1, 6108.2

‡ £400-600

‡ £200-300

175 TWO GERMAN STAINED GLASS PANELS, ERNST SCHMIDT WORKSHOP, MUNICH, 1920s one depicting a feast, the other of a lady proffering a cup to a martial figure 30 x 20cm, 11 3/4 x 8in; 32 x 22cm, 12 1/2 x 8 3/4in excluding wood frames (2) Provenance Ernst Schmidt, Munich, 5th June 1930 JWHA Inv. Nos. 6093, 6098 ‡ £400-600

176

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177

178 177 A RARE SILK APPLIQUE ARMORIAL HANGING, POSSIBLY LATE 17TH CENTURY depicting a central coat of arms (Papal arms – Papal tiara and crossed keys – possibly Augsburg) within strapwork surround, with a border surround incorporating scrolling motifs and small figures, and fleur-de-lys in each corner, worked with applied sections of green, blue, yellow, black and salmon coloured silk, onto a silk gauze backing, and some highlighting ink work; applied with inventory tag in the lower corner  Approximately 270cm. high, 241cm. wide; 8ft. 10in., 7ft. 11in. Interesting historical piece. Used as a hanging in throne rooms, behind the throne or beds in the 17th century in particular Provenance Walpole Galleries, New York, 31st May 197, lot 463A JWHA Inv. No. 346 The arms are those of Este, Duke of Modena.

178 A SPANISH CHOIR BOOK (GRADUAL), IN LATIN, DECORATED MANUSCRIPT ON VELLUM, SPAIN, PROBABALY 17TH CENTURY 136 leaves, 815 x 603mm, five lines of text per page with accompanying music on five line red stave, 98 large decorated initials, with ornamental post renaissance designs, binding contemporary or near contemporary of brown leather over heavy wooden boards with brass fittings (leave with some splashes and stains, binding with areas of wear) This colossal choir book was made for a Praemonstratension Monastic house. Provenance Sr. D. Raimundo Ruiz, Madrid American Art Association, New York, 8th December 1927 JWHA Inv. No. 409 ‡ £800-1200

‡ £100-150

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179 179 A PAIR OF JACQUARD MACHINE LOOM WOVEN HUNTING TEXTILE PANELS, NORTHERN EUROPEAN MANUFACTURE, 19TH CENTURY one panel woven depicting figures and hound heading towards the hunt, with wintry landscape above, the left hand section depicting a hunter and hound taken from the original tapestry depicting the Month of September, and combined with an equestrian figure armed for the hunt, taken from the left hand side of the original design of the Month of December, woven with identifying text across the bottom of the panel, De Schoone Jagten Van Maximiliaan Door Van Orley 3, the other panel depicting the hounds attacking the boar, and showing the armour on the hound for protection, taken from the right hand side of the original design of the Month of December, with entablature, De Schoone Jagten Van Maximiliaan Door Van Orley 4, and applied with inventory tag in the lower corner

both panels applied with twisted braid to four edges and not lined Each panel is taken from a famous Renaissance series of twelve woven tapestries, The Hunts of Maximilian, which were designed by Bernaert Van Orley (ca.1528-1531), originally woven in Brussels, in the Dermoyen workshop (1531-1533), originally woven in wool, silk and metal-thread. Each panel was placed under a sign of the zodiac and in turn associated with a month of the year. They were devoted to hunting, set in the Soignes forest (Imperial hunting ground near Brussels), and many of the emblems used in the original series referred to members of the imperial entourage around Charles V. They entered the collection of Louis XIV in 1665 (now in the Louvre) and were one of the few surviving sets with metal-thread not to be destroyed to recover the precious metal used in the weave.

both panels approximately 295cm. high, 152cm. wide; 9ft. 8in., 5ft. Provenance JWHA Inv. Nos. 433 & 434 See D. Alcouffe, Paris, 1993 and T. Campbell, 2002, pp.329-337. ‡ £120-180

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180

Pictures 180 FOLLOWER OF JACOPO BASSANO (1510-1592) AN ALLEGORY OF FIRE oil on canvas 128cm x 152.5; 50 1/2in x 60

Provenance J. Leger & Son Inc., New York, 7th October 1931 JWHA Inv. no. 6148 This is one of the many copies of the work, the original is found in the John and Mable Ringling Museum of Art, Florida, United States of America. ‡ £4000-6000

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181

181 MANNER OF SIR ANTHONY VAN DYCK (1599-1641), 18TH CENTURY A PORTRAIT OF A GENTLEMAN, SAID TO BE EDWARD SOMERSET oil on canvas laid down on board 123cm x 94.5; 48 1/2in x 37 1/2 The body and pose of this portrait is derived from Van Dyck’s portrait of Count Hendrik van den Bergh (1573-1638) in the Prado in Madrid. See S.J. Barnes et al, 2004, p. 302, no.III.69, reproduced.

100

Provenance Van Brink’s Broadway Art Galleries, New York, 18th January 1929, lot 455 JWHA Inv. no. 6046 ‡ £2000-3000


183

182

182 AFTER JEAN-BAPTISTE VAN LOO (1705-1765) PORTRAIT OF LOUIS XV oil on canvas 73cm x 59; 28 3/4in x 23 1/4 Provenance M. Grieve Co., New York, 31st May 1929 (no.938P, no.240). JWHA Inv. no. 6050 ‡ £1000-1500

183 TONY-FRANCOIS DE BERGUE (FRENCH, 1820-1890) THE ARMOURER AND HIS CAVALIERS signed ‘Tony De Bergue’ l.r. oil on panel 47cm x 39; 18 1/2in x 15 1/2 Provenance Donated to the John Woodham Higgins Armory Collection by Mr & Mrs Samuel Mixter, Brookline, Massachusetts, USA, 17th September, 1950 JWHA Inv. no. 6209 ‡ £1000-1500

101


184 GERMAN SCHOOL, 19TH CENTURY - THEODORIC I, KING OF THE OSTROGOTHS inscribed ‘THEODRICH I. König der Ostgothe DXVI’ u.r; oil on panel 109cm x 52; 43in 20 1/2 Provenance Plaza Curiosity Shop, New York, 10th May 1927. JWHA Inv. no. 6010 ‡ £400-600 185 LOUIS BRAUN (GERMAN, 1836-1916) - A STUDY OF FIVE KNIGHTS bears inscription and attached to the reverse are the details of purchase oil on board (unframed) 45cm x 65; 17 3/4in x 26

184

Provenance Ernst Schmidt, Munich, 5th June 1930 JWHA Inv. no. 6113 ‡ £100-150 186 EMILY BURLING WAITE (AMERICAN, 1887-1962)- A GERMAN ARMOUR WITH THE ORDER OF THE GOLDEN FLEECE AND SCULPTURE IN THE BACKGROUND signed u.l; oil on canvas 80cm x 64.5; 31 1/2in x 25 1/4

185

Provenance JWHA Inv. no. 1979.01 The German armour (JWHA no.938) is displayed in the John Woodman Higgins Armory and is illustrated wearing the “Order of the Golden Fleece”. In the background is a sculpture, offered in this sale as lot 136 ‡ £200-300 187 HELEN MEYROWITZ (AMERICAN) - ‘TOURNAMENT HELMET’ signed and inscribed with title l.r; gouache and charcoal on paper 76cm x 55.5; 30in x 21 3/4

186

Provenance Donated to Higgins Armory Museum by the artist on 10thOctober 2006 JWHA Inv. no. 2006.109 ‡ £150-200 188 H. OAKES JONES, 2OTH CENTURY- A POSTER FOR THE TATTOO AT ALDERSHOT, 17TH-21ST JUNE 1930 colour lithograph on paper 102cm x 62; 40in x 24 1/2 Provenance JWHA Inv. no. 389

187

102

‡ £60-80


189

189 IGNAZ-MARCEL GAUGENGIGL (GERMAN, 1855-1932) POLISHING ARMOUR signed ‘I.M.GAUGENGIGL’ l.l, in an ornate frame marked on the reverse ‘Prendergast 1909’ u.c; oil on canvas 58cm x 39; 23 3/4in x 15 1/4

Provenance Adelson Galleries Inc., Boston, 30th April 1968 JWHA Inv. no.6237 Gaugengigl was born in in Passau, Bavaria. He specialised in intimate genre scenes, studio interiors and portraits. He was the son of a professor of languages and trained in Munich at the Royal Academy. In 1878, after his studies in Italy and Paris, he went to Boston where he died in 1932. ‡ £1000-1500

103


European Edged Weapons 190 A COMPOSITE GERMAN TWO-HAND PROCESSIONAL SWORD WITH 16TH CENTURY BLADE, LATE 19TH CENTURY with broad wavy blade cut with a short fuller on each face, stamped with a latten lined stylised running wolf mark on one face and a cross on the other, short ricasso, iron hilt formed of a pair of pierced down-curved quillons, inner and outer ring-guard pierced en suite, pierced pommel, and two-stage wooden grip 102cm; 40 1/4in blade Provenance Metropolitan Museum of Art, deaccessioned, Parke-Bernet Galleries Inc., New York, 15th November 1956, lot 146

193 A GERMAN TWO HAND PROCESSIONAL SWORD, LATE 19TH CENTURY with wavy blade incised 1609 on one side, iron hilt including inner and outer ring-guards each filled with a fleur-de-lys, faceted pommel, and wooden grip carved with a central moulding 127cm; 50in blade Provenance Angelo Peyron, Florence, Italy, sold Savoy Art & Auction Galleries, New York, 4th November 1954, lot 45 JWHA Inv. No. 3061 ‡ £600-800

JWHA Inv. No. 3132.2 ‡ £1000-1500 191 A GERMAN TWO HAND PROCESSIONAL SWORD IN 16TH CENTURY STYLE with double-edged blade swelling slightly towards the tip, iron hilt of ribbon like bars, including inner and outer ring-guards, and two-stage wooden grip 132.5cm; 52 1/8in blade Provenance Edmund C. Converse, sold American Art Association, 26th November 1927, lot 274

194 A GERMAN CROSS-GUARD FROM A TWO-HAND PROCESSIONAL SWORD, LATE 16TH/EARLY 17TH CENTURY formed of a pair of slightly drooping quillons with tightly scrolling terminals, each with an additional pair of scrolling lugs behind, inner and outer ring-guard each filled with a fleur-de-lys, rectangular blade aperture, chiselled over its surface with scrolls 47.5cm; 18 3/4in wide

JWHA Inv. No. 402

Provenance The Armoury of Archduke Eugen, Fortress Hohenwerfen, Salzburg, Austria, sold Anderson Galleries, New York, 1st - 5th March 1927, lot 854

‡ £1000-1500

JWHA Inv. No. 176

192 A GERMAN TWO-HAND PROCESSIONAL SWORD WITH 16TH CENTURY BLADE, LATE 19TH/EARLY 20TH CENTURY with straight double-edged blade cut with a long fuller, stamped with a mark on each face, rectangular ricasso, iron hilt comprising a pair of straight quillons with swollen writhen terminals, inner and outer ring-guards, spirally moulded plumet-shaped pommel and wooden grip 119cm; 46 7/8in blade

‡ £300-500

Provenance Metropolitan Museum of Art, deaccessioned, Parke-Bernet Galleries Inc., New York, 15th November 1956, lot 146 JWHA Inv. No. 3132.1 Exhibited Beaumont Museum, Texas, 5th December 1977 – 23rd January 1978 Monmouth Museum, New Jersey, 27th February – 6th May 1978 Schnectady Museum, New York, 4th June- 13th September 1979 Lowe Museum, Florida, 1st December 1979 – 13 January 1980 ‡ £700-900

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190

192 193 191

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195 195 A SWEPT-HILT RAPIER IN EARLY 17TH CENTURY STYLE, 19TH CENTURY with late 16th/early 17th century blade, stamped ‘IHS’ within a short fuller and with the letter ‘S’ ahead on each face, rectangular ricasso, steel hilt of faceted bars interrupted by writhen central mouldings, including inner-and outer-guard each of three bars, knuckle-guard fluted pommel, and spirally carved wooden grip 114.5cm; 45 1/8in blade ‡ £400-600 Provenance Parke-Bernet Galleries Inc., New York, 6th December 1951, lot 325 JWHA Inv. No. 3281 Exhibited Children’s Museum, Hartford, Connecticut, March-April 1976 Lowe Museum, Miami, Florida, 1st December 1979-13 January 1980 ‡ £300-500

196

197 196 A HAND-AND-A-HALF SWORD IN 16TH CENTURY STYLE, LATE 19TH/EARLY 20TH CENTURY with broad double-edged blade stamped with an ‘A’ mark on each face, iron hilt including faceted quillons, faceted plummet-shaped pommel, and wooden grip 90.5cm; 35 3/8in blade Provenance George L. Maxwell, sold Anderson Galleries, New York, 30th November 1928, lot 273 JWHA Inv. No. 669 ‡ £400-600 197 A COMPOSITE RAPIER, 17TH/18TH CENTURY with tapering blade of hollow diamond section engraved ‘Vive Le Roy’ on one face and with the French Royal arms within a pair of crowned fronds on the other, iron hilt of rounded bars including a pair of straight faceted quillons swelling towards the terminals (one replaced), an upturned faceted bar at the front, knuckle-guard, tall faceted ovoid pommel, and wirebound grip between iron collars 95.5cm; 37 5/8in blade Provenance Ernst Schmidt, Munich, 9th December 1930, no. 127 JWHA Inv. No. 1362 ‡ £400-600

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198

199

198 A COMPOSITE RAPIER, 18TH AND 19TH CENTURIES with fullered blade stamped with ‘Ynte Domine en Petavi Ano 1720 no con Fundan Ynetexnu Solige’ within a pair of fullers on each face, iron hilt of rounded bars, including a pair of straight quillons, knuckle-guard and trifurcated inner-guard, barrelshaped pommel and wire bound grip with ‘Turk’s heads’ 97cm; 38 1/4in blade Provenance George L. Maxwell, sold Anderson Galleries, New York, 30th November 1928, lot 123 JWHA Inv. No. 637 Exhibited Schnectady Museum, New York, 4th June- 13th September 1979 Lowe Museum, Miami, Florida, 1st December 1979-13 January 1980 ‡ £300-500 199 A COMPOSITE RAPIER, PARTLY 17TH CENTURY with broad fullered blade cut-down from a two-hand sword, with traces of a cross and orb mark on one face and cut with three slender fullers, leather bound recessed ricasso, iron hilt of rounded bars with swollen central mouldings, including upper and lower ring-guard, a pair of horizontally recurved quillons, large spherical pommel, and wire bound grip with ‘Turk’s heads’ 88.5cm; 34 7/8in blade

200

200 TWO ITALIAN RAPIERS WITH SO-CALLED ‘CRAB-CLAW’ HILTS, SECOND QUARTER OF THE 17TH CENTURY the first with shortened tapering rapier blade stamped ‘M*O*M*O*M*O*’ within a short fuller on the respective faces, steel hilt comprising a pair of down-curved moulded quillons (one shortened) with a pair of matching lugs beneath, outer ring-guard en suite, curved triangular guard engraved with a bold lily, and later ovoid pommel (grip missing); the second with tapering blade of flattened hexagonal section, steel hilt similar to the preceding, including curved triangular outer guard (split) engraved with scrolling foliage, faceted ovoid pommel, and wooden grip with ‘Turk’s heads’ the first: 73cm; 28 3/4in blade (2) Provenance The first: Giulia Morosini, sold American Art Association, New York, 10th-15th October 1932, part of lot 246 The second: Angelo Peyron, Florence, Italy, sold Savoy Art & Auction Galleries, New York, 4th November 1954, lot 39 JWHA Inv. Nos. 1806, 3059 For related swords, including an example ascribed to the Medici armoury, see L. G. Boccia and E. T. Coelho 1975, nos. 588-590. ‡ £700-1000

Provenance JWHA Inv. No. 3846 ‡ £500-800

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201

202

201 A VENETIAN SCHIAVONA, LATE 17TH/18TH CENTURY with associated broad fullered polished blade, iron hilt including basket-guard formed of a trellis arrangement of bars, quillon with bud-shaped finial, brass pommel chiselled with four relief masks, and early wooden grip bound with leather 89cm; 35in blade Provenance Giulia Morosini, sold American Art Association, New York, 10th15th October 1932, part of lot 191 JWHA Inv. No. 1828 ‡ £400-500 202 A DECORATIVE SWORD IN 17TH CENTURY STYLE, LATE 19TH CENTURY/EARLY 20TH CENTURY with long blade of flattened-diamond section, recessed ricasso, steel hilt including wavy quillons chiselled as stylised monsters at the terminals, large upturned shell-guard and studded wooden grip 117.4cm; 46 1/4in blade Provenance Acquired with an armour and shield in Venice, 4th November 1907 JWHA Inv. No. 1 ‡ £120-180

110

203 203 A COMPOSITE RAPIER, SECOND QUARTER OF THE 17TH CENTURY with tapering blade of flattened diamond section stamped’ Johannes’ and ‘Zuchni’ within a slender fuller on the respective faces, steel hilt including cup-guard formed of numerous scrolling bars and fitted at the base with a later scalloped plate, a pair of curled quillons, associated faceted pommel, and moulded grip 86.5cm; 34in blade Provenance Giulia Morosini, sold American Art Association, New York, 10th15th October 1932 JWHA Inv. No. 1804.2 ‡ £400-600


204 A HIGHLY DECORATED SWORD GRIP, EARLY 17TH CENTURY, PROBABLY FRENCH of russet iron, with tapering body formed with two slender raised bands at the base and a further band at the top, decorated over its surface with encrusted silver trophies-ofarms, grotesques, foliage, flowers, fruit and a dragonfly, and all enriched with gold (lightly rubbed) 9.2cm; 3 5/8in high Provenance Frederic Spitzer, Paris, sold Anderson Galleries, New York, 12th January 1929, lot 704 JWHA Inv. No. 704 The style of decoration and manner of execution is related to that of Gasparo Mola, who worked for the Medici in Florence. See A.V.B. Norman 1980, p362 and 328. ‡ £700-900

205 A GERMAN SCABBARD LOCKET, DATED 1679, PERHAPS SAXONY of tapering gutter section, the outer face boldly chiselled with scrolling foliage and a miner in contemporary dress, the inner face with two crossed loops for suspension, chiselled with the date and a crossed axe device 10.5cm; 4 1/8in high

204

Provenance Sumner Healey, sold Coleman Auction Galleries Inc., New York, 14th February 1940, lot 760 JWHA Inv. No. 2573 The crossed axe device is similar to that found on Saxon miners axes of the period. ‡ £150-250

206 FOUR STEEL GRIPS FROM SMALL-SWORDS, LATE 18TH CENTURY three decorated with diaper patterns and the fourth with bands of hatching divided by horizontal bands (4) Provenance JWHA Inv. Nos. 87, 88, 367, 368 ‡ £80-120

205

111


207 207 TWO FRENCH SMALL-SWORDS, MID-18TH CENTURY with tapering blade of hollow-triangular section, etched and gilt with scrolls on a blued panel over the greater part of its length (worn), steel hilt chiselled in low relief and enriched with gilding, including double shell-guard, globular quillon, knuckleguard and pommel, decorated throughout with scenes from the chase, and later grip; the second with hollow-triangular blade etched over its lower quarter, steel hilt including double shell-guard, globular quillon and near rectangular knuckleguard, and wooden grip the first:82cm; 32 1/4in blade (2) Provenance The first: American Art Association, Anderson Galleries, New York, 22nd May 1935 The second: Louis Julian, Carcassone, France, 3rd June 1928 JWHA Inv. No. 2245, 36 ‡ £400-600

208 208 THREE CONTINENTAL SMALL-SWORDS, MID-18TH AND 19TH CENTURIES the first perhaps German, with tapering blade etched with scrolling foliage over the lower two thirds (worn), steel hilt including double shell-guard chiselled with scrolls, rococo shells and foliage in low relief against a punched gilt ground, globular quillon, knuckle-guard and near spherical pommel, and wooden grip with copper binding and ‘Turk’s heads’; the second for court dress, with petal shaped shell-guard set with faceted beads, and ovoid pommel (incomplete); and the third with slender blade, steel hilt comprising outer ring-guard swelling toward the centre, knuckle-guard, pommel and grip all decorated with a faceted pattern the first: 75cm; 29 1/2in blade (3) Provenance The second: Louis Julian, Carcassone, France, 3rd June 1928 JWHA Inv. No. 3503, 37.1 ‡ £400-600

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209 209 A TRANSITIONAL RAPIER, LATE 17TH CENTURY with tapering blade of flattened diamond section, stamped with a series of letters within a short fuller on each face (rubbed), steel hilt comprising chiselled dish-guard decorated with a radiating pattern of lines and a series of small eye lash marks on the outside, moulded quillon with button terminal, a pair of slender arms, knuckle-guard, and compressed pommel en suite with the guard, and wire-bound grip with ‘Turk’s head’s’ 88cm; 34 3/4in blade Provenance Giulia Morosini, sold American Art Association, New York, 10th-15th October 1932, part of lot 244 JWHA Inv. No. 1804.1 ‡ £350-450 210 A COMPOSITE SWORD, 19TH CENTURY AND A NORTH EUROPEAN CAVALRY SWORD, SECOND QUARTER OF THE 17TH CENTURY the first with tapering blade formed with a full-length medial ridge, iron hilt including down-turned scalloped guard, outer ring, a pair of quillons, pommel and wire-bound grip; the second with straight double-edged blade, iron hilt comprising down-turned globular quillon, outer ring-guard filled with a pierced sprung-in plate, frontal guard and knuckle-guard formed en suite with the quillon, globular pommel, and the grip bound with plaited brass wire the first: 85cm; 33 1/2in blade (2)

210

211

Provenance The first: Ernst Schmidt, Munich, 9th December 1930 The second: Mrs Horace L. Mayer, 26th September 1979 JWHA Inv. Nos. 1377, 1979.04.04 ‡ £700-1000 211 A FRENCH SILVER-HILTED SMALL-SWORD, PARIS SMALL CHARGE MARK FOR 1768-74 with slender blade of hollow triangular section, etched with scrolls and foliage over the lower portion, silver hilt, cast, pierced and chased in low relief (loose), comprising double shell-guard decorated on each side with a central oval filled by a classical urn, all on a pierced trellis ground of small flower heads, globular quillon, and knuckle guard en suite with the guard, quillon-block decorated with a bouquet of flowers and signed around the base (perhaps Michel Gerard), matching ovoid pommel, wooden grip, and retaining a small portion of silver wire binding and ‘Turk’s heads’ 82.5 cm; 32 1/2 in blade Provenance George L. Maxwell, sold Anderson Galleries, New York, 30th November 1928, lot 134 JWHA Inv. No. 640 ‡ £600-800

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212

212 A HUNTING SWORD, MID-18TH CENTURY, POSSIBLY ITALIAN AND ANOTHER, MID-18TH CENTURY the first: with shortened blade of flattened-diamond section, stamped ‘PNMPN’ within a short fuller on each face, brass hilt comprising langet formed as a green man mask, down-turned foliate quillon, moulded knuckle-guard, slender back-strap rising to form a foliate pommel cap, and carved horn grip (light worm damage); the second with double-edged blade stamped with the spurious date ‘1441’ within a short fuller on each side and with a running wolf mark ahead, brass hilt comprising down-turned scalloped shell-guard, knuckle-guard, cap pommel and faceted horn grip (bleached) the first: 57cm; 22 1/2 in (2) Provenance The first: Angelo Peyron, Florence, Italy, sold Savoy Art & Auction Galleries, New York, 4th November 1954, part of lot 131 The second: Albert R. Louis, sold Walpole Galleries, New York, 22nd February 1927, lot 122 JWHA Inv. Nos. 3076.1, 117 ‡ £150-200

114

213

213 TWO GERMAN HUNTING SWORDS, MID-18TH CENTURY the first with hollow diamond section blade etched with a spurious inscription at the forte, steel hilt including a pair of quillons with ovoid terminals, and spirally carved horn grip; the second with tapering double-edged blade with the spurious date 1616, engraved brass hilt including a pair of quillons with flattened globular terminals, and later spirally carved wooden grip, in contemporary style the first:73.5cm; 29in blade (2) Provenance Albert R. Louis, sold Walpole Galleries, New York, 22nd February 1927, lot 93 Alfred Marsden Scott, New York, sold Parke-Bernet Galleries, New York, 25th November 1953 JWHA Inv. Nos. 114, 3284 ‡ £250-350


214 A HUNGARIAN MAGNATE’S SABRE, MID-19TH CENTURY with curved fullered polished steel blade double-edged toward the point, gilt-brass hilt cast in low relief, comprising a pair of writhen quillons issuant from gaping masks and with flaming terminals, langets with the crowned Hungarian arms within a wreath, grip with a sun-in-splendour in the centre, and the pommel formed as a deity, in its fabric-covered wooden scabbard (worn), with gilt-brass mounts comprising locket, chape and two bands for suspension rings all decorated with scrolls, flowers and foliage, retaining traces of original enamelled decoration, and with an additional applied spray of foliage decorated en suite (chipped) 82cm; 32 1/4in blade Provenance JWHA Inv. No. 3080 ‡ £700-1000

214

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215

216

215 FOUR VARIOUS AXES AND A BILL, CENTRAL EUROPE, 15TH TO 18TH CENTURIES the first in excavated condition, of shallow bearded wedgeshaped form, and with hollow socket; the second with rectangular blade formed with a slightly curved edge, stamped with a shield-shaped mark on one side (laminated), flattened rear pan, and socket of D-shaped section; the third, in excavated condition, with H-shaped head formed with a rectangular blade, slightly curved leading edge, slender neck, and shaped socket; the fourth, in excavated condition, with curved broad blade, adze-shaped rear fluke, and shaped socket; the fifth with long tapering flat blade formed with a beaked terminal, open socket, and a pair of very short straps, with a short wooden grip the first: 8.5cm; 3 3/8in head (5) Provenance The second: Parke-Bernet Galleries Inc., New York, 25th November 1953, lot 154 The third and fourth: Sumner Healey, New York, 20th March 1931 The fifth: Giulia Morosini, sold American Art Association, New York, 10th-15th October, 1932, part of lot 198 JWHA Inv. Nos. 370, 3042.3, 1420, 1416, 1831 ‡ £250-350

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216 FOUR CENTRAL EUROPEAN AXES (DOLOIRE), 17TH CENTURY the first with head of goose wing form, struck with a mark, socket with flattened rear face, and later short wooden haft; the second with head of goose wing form, rounded at the base, stamped with a series of dots, lines and ‘Hocher’, and the socket with flattened rear face; the third with head of goose wing form, rounded at the base, stamped with a series of decorative marks, socket with flattened back, on a later short wooden haft; the fourth with head of goose wing form, rounded at the base, stamped with a series of decorative marks, socket with flattened back, on a later short wooden haft the first: 26.5cm; 10 1/2in head (4) Provenance The first: Albert R. Louis, sold Walpole Galleries, New York, 22nd February 1927, lot 304 The second, third and fourth: Theodore Offerman, sold American Art Association, Anderson Galleries, New York, 5th February 1938, lot 180 JWHA Inv. Nos. 133, 2485, 2486, 2487 ‡ £350-450


217

217 A GERMAN AXE (DOLOIRE), 17TH CENTURY with head of goose wing form, rounded at the base, stamped with a series of crosses and talismanic marks, socket with flattened back, and associated wooden haft 50.5cm; 19 7/8in head Provenance Frank Gair Macomber, sold American Art Association, Anderson Galleries, New York, 10th-12th December 1936, lot 394 JWHA Inv. No. 2425 Exhibited Charleston Art Gallery of Sunrise, Charleston, West Virginia, January - 1st May 1975, West Virginia Schnectady Museum, New York, 4th June - 13th September 1979 ‡ £300-400 218 A HALBERD (BERDICHE) IN RUSSIAN 16TH/17TH CENTURY STYLE, LATE 19TH CENTURY with characteristic tall crescentic blade stamped with a mark, reinforced tip, near rectangular shaped socket, on a carved wooden haft 67 cm; 26 1/2 in head

218

219

Provenance Ernst Schmidt, Munich, 9th November 1929 JWHA Inv. No. 1046 £300-500 219 A SO-CALLED HEADSMAN’S AXE, 19TH CENTURY with heavy bearded head pierced at the base with three holes, tapering faceted socket stamped with a mark, a pair of tongs in a shield-shaped recess, on a wooden haft with rough hewn ‘aged’ surface 27.5cm; 10 3/4in head Provenance William Ockelford Oldman, London, 4th January 1929 JWHA Inv. No. 578 Exhibited Rensselaer County Jr. Museum, New York, 1 October 1974 - 5 September 1975 Children’s Museum, Hartford, March - April 1976 Beaumont Art Museum, Texas, 5th December 1977 - 23 January 1978 Monmouth Museum, New Jersey, 27 February - 6 May 1978 Schnectady Museum, New York, 4th June - 13 September 1979 ‡ £200-300

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220

221

220 A SAXON MINERS GUILD AXE, DATED 1701 with flat head formed with a characteristic spike, pierced with a slipped trefoil and a six holes arranged in two groups, the haft profusely inlaid with engraved stag horn pellets and rectangular plaques (losses, repairs), the latter decorated with flowers and figures in contemporary dress, horn basal cap engraved with the arms of Saxony on one side and the initials ‘HGB’ , crossed mining implements, and the date on the other (cap missing) 81cm; 32in overall Provenance Giulia Morosini, sold American Art Association, New York, 10th15th October 1932, lot 266 JWHA Inv. No. 1809 Exhibited Schnectady Museum, New York 4 June - 13 September 1979 Lowe Museum, Miami, 1 December 1979 - 13 January 1980 ‡ £700-1000 221 AN UNUSUAL MACE, PROBABLY EAST EUROPEAN 17TH CENTURY; AN ITALIAN MACE HAFT FORMED ENTIRELY OF STEEL, SECOND QUARTER OF THE 16TH CENTURY AND ANOTHER, GERMAN, SECOND QUARTER OF THE 16TH CENTURY the first with cylindrical head fitted with six near rectangular flanges, long steel haft decorated with linear patterns and swelling slightly towards the base; the second formed in two

118

222 stages, the lower section pierced for a thong, chiselled with scrolling foliage within a strapwork frame all on a punched ground, fluted basal cap and retaining a portion of its head; and the third formed in two stages, pierced for a thong, and spirally moulded grip the first: 62cm; 24 3/8in overall (3) Provenance The first: Andover Newton Theological School, Massachusetts, 22nd March 1946 The second and third: Dr. Bashford Dean, Riverdale, New York, 28th September 1929 JWHA Inv. Nos. 3318, 902, 903 ‡ £800-1200 222 A MACE, 17TH CENTURY, EAST EUROPEAN OR OTTOMAN with cylindrical steel head fitted with six flat near rectangular flanges, domed finial, cylindrical socket (pitted), and later wooden haft 61cm; 24in overall Provenance Dr. Bashford Dean, Riverdale, New York, 28th September 1929 JWHA Inv. No. 904 Exhibited The Children’s Museum, Jamaica Plain, Massachusetts 19 June - 1 November 1947 ‡ £500-800


223

224

223 A SPIKED FLAIL IN 17TH CENTURY STYLE, EARLY 20TH CENTURY with tapering head studded with fifteen robust quadrangular spikes, fitted at the base with a steel collar and two steel chain links joining it to a long wooden haft 47.5cm; 18 3/4in head Provenance Ernst Schmidt, Munich, 9th November 1929 JWHA Inv. No. 1043 Probably part of a series made by Lorenz Kilian for Schmidt ‡ £150-200 224 A LUCERNE HAMMER, PROBABLY 17TH CENTURY, GERMAN OR SWISS with tapering central spike, four-pronged hammer head, long slightly down-curved rear spike, a pair of transverse spikes, and a pair of straps, on a wooden haft 52 cm; 20 1/2 in head Provenance Giulia Morosini, sold American Art Association, New York, 10th15th October 1932, lot 592 (part)

225 225 THREE LUGGED SPEARS, PROBABLY GERMAN, 16TH CENTURY the first with tapering blade of flattened-diamond section, formed with a pair of slightly upward pointing basal lugs, one stamped on each face with a mark, perhaps three pellets in a shield (rubbed), tapering faceted socket, on a later wooden haft; the second with leaf-shaped blade formed with a pair of basal lugs and two pairs of short scrolls beneath (pitted, chipped), tapering socket, on a wooden haft with tassel; the third with long tapering blade of flattened-diamond section, recessed at the base and fitted with a pair of lugs (later), tapering socket, and tapering socket with a pair of straps, on a wooden haft the first: 41cm; 16 1/4in head (3) Provenance The first: Giulia Morosini, sold American Art Association, New York, 10th-15th October 1932, lot 593 (part) The second: Ernst Schmidt, Munich, 5th June 1930, no. 37 The third: Max Williams, New York, sold Anderson Galleries, New York, 7th March 1928, lot 71 JWHA Inv. Nos. 1795, 1119, 496 ‡ £500-700

JWHA Inv. No. 1790 ‡ £500-600

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226

228

227

229

226 AN ITALIAN SPEAR, FIRST HALF OF THE 16TH CENTURY with sharply tapering triangular blade of flattened-diamond section, rounded shoulders, tapering faceted socket, and a pair of very short straps, on a later wooden haft with shoe 81cm; 32in head

228 A LUGGED SPEAR, PROBABLY ITALIAN, 16TH CENTURY with tapering central blade of flattened diamond section, formed with a pair of long triangular basal lugs, faceted tapering socket, on a wooden haft with tassel 45cm; 17 3/4in head

Provenance Fenton & Sons Ltd, London, 27th April 1930, no. 2948

Provenance Liberty & Co Ltd, London, 2nd March 1928

JWHA Inv. No. 1159

JWHA Inv. No. 515

‡ £250-350

‡ £350-450

227 AN ITALIAN SPEAR, FIRST HALF OF THE 16TH CENTURY with sharply tapering triangular blade of flattened-diamond section, stamped with a crowned crossbow mark on each side (rubbed), rounded shoulders, tapering faceted socket (chipped),on a later wooden haft 62cm; 24 1/2in head

229 AN ITALIAN ‘LANGUE DE BOEUF’, 17TH CENTURY with straight sided blade of flattened-diamond section, stamped ‘Fevre’ on one side, sharply tapering towards the tip, tapering socket, on a wooden haft 48.5cm; 19in head

Provenance JWHA Inv. No. 2436.1 ‡ £250-350

Provenance Worcester Art Museum, Massachusetts 19th June 1947 JWHA Inv. No. 2546.2 Exhibited Children’s Museum, Hartford, March - April 1976 Beaumont Art Museum, Texas, 5th December 1977 - 23rd January 1978 ‡ £300-500

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230

230 FOUR GERMAN INFANTRY PIKES, LAST QUARTER OF THE 16TH AND EARLY 17TH CENTURIES the first with tapering head drawn out to a long point, faceted conical socket, and a pair of long langets; the second, third and fourth with leaf-shaped heads each formed with a medial ridge, tapering sockets, a pair of straps, and each on its short haft the first: 38.5cm; 15in head (4) Provenance The second: Dr. Bashford Dean, sold Parke-Bernet Galleries Inc., New York, 26th October 1950, lot 1186 The third: Max Williams, New York, sold Anderson Galleries, New York, 7th March 1928, part of lot 70

231

231 FIVE GERMAN INFANTRY PIKES, EARLY 17TH CENTURY with leaf-shaped heads each formed with a medial ridge, tapering sockets, a pair of straps, and each on its very long haft the first: 16.5cm; 6 1/2in head (5) Provenance The first and second: Anderson Galleries Inc., New York, 3rd March 1927, lot 684 The third and fourth: Max Williams, New York, sold Anderson Galleries, New York, 7th March 1928, lot 71 JWHA Inv. Nos. 282, 278, 494, 493, 481 ‡ £350-450

JWHA Inv. Nos. 65, 2882.5, 485, 1299 ‡ £350-450

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232

232 AN ITALIAN GLAIVE (FAUCHARD), LATE 16TH CENTURY with curved knife-like blade formed with a sharp back edge and elongated rear spike, stamped with a scorpion mark and the letter M twice, arranged vertically (rubbed) on one face, a pair of short basal lugs, tapering faceted socket, on a wooden haft with tassel 83.5cm; 33in head Provenance French & Co, New York, 18th January 1949 JWHA Inv. No. 3474 ‡ £400-600

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233

233 AN ITALIAN GLAIVE (FAUCHARD), LAST QUARTER OF THE 16TH CENTURY with knife-like blade formed with a low lobe on the back edge at the top and elongated rear spike, a pair of short basal lugs, tapering faceted socket, and a pair of straps, on a wooden haft 88cm; 34 3/4in head Provenance Worcester Art Museum, Massachusetts, 19th June 1947 JWHA Inv. No. 2546.19 ‡ £400-600


234

236

235

237

234 AN ITALIAN BILL (RONCONE), POSSIBLY THIRD QUARTER OF THE 16TH CENTURY with long flat head formed with a triangular spike, hooked blade, short rear spike and a pair of basal spikes, tapering rectangular socket, and a pair of vestigial straps, on a wooden haft (loose) 74.5cm; 29 1/4in head

236 AN ITALIAN BILL (RONCONE), POSSIBLY THIRD QUARTER OF THE 16TH CENTURY with long flat head (brazed repair) formed with a triangular spike, stamped with a mark, perhaps a crossbow, hooked blade, short rear spike and a pair of basal spikes, tapering rectangular socket, on a wooden haft 65.5cm; 25 3/4in head

Provenance Parke-Bernet Galleries Inc., New York, 25th November 1953

Provenance Giulia Morosini, sold American Art Association, New York, 10th15th October 1932, part of lot 592

JWHA Inv. No. 3036.2 ‡ £600-800

JWHA Inv. No. 1793 ‡ £300-500

235 AN ITALIAN BILL (RONCONE), POSSIBLY THIRD QUARTER OF THE 16TH CENTURY with long flat head formed with a triangular spike, stamped with a series of decorative marks along one edge, hooked blade, short rear spike and a pair of basal spikes, tapering rectangular socket, on a wooden haft 66cm; 26in head Provenance Giulia Morosini, sold American Art Association, New York, 10th15th October 1932, lot 593

237 AN ITALIAN BILL (RONCONE), POSSIBLY THIRD QUARTER OF THE 16TH CENTURY with long flat head formed with a medial ridge on each face, trifurcated rear spike, hooked blade, and a pair of basal spikes, tapering rectangular socket, and a pair of straps, on a wooden haft 72cm; 28 3/4in head Provenance Liberty & Co Ltd, London, 17th April 1928, no. 14

JWHA Inv. No. 1799

JWHA Inv. No. 408

‡ £300-500

‡ £350-450

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238 238 A GLAIVE IN THE STYLE OF THOSE CARRIED BY THE GUARD OF MAXIMILLIAN II, HOLY ROMAN EMPEROR AND AN ETCHED PARTISAN AFTER THOSE MADE FOR THE GUARD OF PARIS LODRON, PRINCE ARCHBISHOP OF SALZBURG (1619-53) with broad knife-like blade, etched against a stippled ground with the spurious date 1563, the Imperial arms, the collar of the golden fleece, mirror monogram ‘M’, the ragged staves of Burgundy and the fire steels of the Empire, tapering rectangular socket formed with a basal moulding, on its wooden haft (shortened); the second with broad fullered central blade and a pair of flat basal lugs, etched with the spurious date 1620 and the Archbishop’s arms on a ground of foliage, on a wooden haft (shortened) the first: 76cm; 30in head (2) Provenance The first: Giulia Morosini, sold American Art Association, New York, 10th-15th October 1932, lot 470 The second: Ernst Schmidt, Munich, 9th November 1929 JWHA Inv. Nos. 1779, 1051 ‡ £300-500

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239 TWO NORTH EUROPEAN HALBERDS, LATE 16TH AND 17TH CENTURY the first with long central spike of diamond section, curved axe blade formed with a low projection behind the edge at the top and the bottom (one side holed), rear fluke, tapering socket and a pair of long straps, on a wooden haft; the second with long central spike of stiff diamond section, crescentic axeblade pierced with three vertically arranged holes, rear fluke, and a pair of long straps, on a wooden haft the first: 62cm; 24 1/2in head (2) Provenance The first: Clarence H. Mackay, sold Gimbel Brothers, New York, 1st June 1942, J14, The second: Dr. Bashford Dean, Riverdale, New York, 28th September 1929 JWHA Inv. Nos. 2696, 860 Exhibited The first: Charleston Art Gallery of Sunrise, January 1975 1 May 1975 ‡ £300-500


240

239 240 AN ITALIAN HALBERD, EARLY 17TH CENTURY with long central spike of diamond section, forward leaning crescentic axe head with reinforced tips, pierced with a saltire top and bottom, formed with a pierced lug at the top and the bottom, pierced down-curved rear fluke with reinforced tip, and a pair of long straps, on a studded wooden haft with a tassel 64.5 cm; 25 1/2 in head Provenance Liberty & Co Ltd, London, 2nd March 1928, no. 8142 JWHA Inv. No. 508 Exhibited Rensselaer County Jr. Museum, New York, 13 January - March 1964 ‡ £350-450

241 THREE NORTH EUROPEAN HALBERDS, 17TH CENTURY, PROBABLY NETHERLANDS the first: with tapering double-edged central blade pierced with four rondels with three rectangular panels between, globose basal moulding, pierced crescentic axe-blade and rear fluke, the centre fitted with a pair of transverse spikes, with traces of punched ornament over its surface, and a pair of long straps, on a wooden haft (shortened); the second with tapering central blade of flattened-diamond section, swelling towards the base and cut with a pair of notches, small crescentic axe blade with a pair of lugs behind, rear fluke with an upper lug en suite, conical socket, on a wooden haft; the third with tapering central blade formed with a long medial ridge on each side, moulded at the base and formed with a pair of serpent head lugs, pierced crescentic axe blade with a pair of matching lugs, pierced rear fluke en suite, conical socket, and a pair of long straps, on a wooden haft (shortened) the first:56cm; 22in head (3) Provenance The second: March Brown, Surrey, England, 14th April 1930 The third: Ernst Schmidt, Munich, 3rd December 1931 JWHA Inv. Nos. 2968.2, 1270, 1707 ‡ £600-800

125


242 242 TWO ITALIAN HALBERDS, 17TH/18TH CENTURY the first with tapering central blade of hollow diamond section, moulded at the base, forward leaning axe-blade, down-turned rear fluke, a pair of short straps, on a wooden haft (shortened); the second with tapering central blade formed with a medial ridge, rebated at the base and formed with a pierced onion shaped moulding, crescentic axe blade pierced with a lozenge and formed with a pair of lugs, pierced rear fluke, the head and blade etched with trophies and a central coat of arms (rubbed), tapering socket, and a pair of long straps, on a wooden haft with woollen tassel the first: 43cm; 17in head (2) Provenance The first: Sumner Healey, New York, 20th March 1931, lot 138 The second: Theodore Offerman, sold American Art Association, Anderson Galleries, New York, 13th November 1937, lot 119 JWHA Inv. Nos. 1428, 2469 ‡ £400-600

126

243 243 AN UNUSUAL HALBERD, CIRCA 1750 with tapering central blade of flattened-diamond section, crescentic blade incorporating an elaborate pierced framework enclosing a crucifix, pierced rear fluke decorated en suite, long tapering socket (chipped), on a wooden haft with a tassel 68.5cm; 27in head Provenance JWHA Inv. No. 3546 ‡ £200-300


244 244 A GERMAN HALBERD, LATE 16TH/EARLY 17TH CENTURY, PROBABLY STYRIA with broad leaf-shaped central blade, small crescentic axe blade with a pair of lugs, rear fluke stamped with a mark on one side, faceted tapering socket, and a pair of short straps, on a wooden haft carved with pair of lines 42cm; 16 1/2in head Provenance Dr. Bashford Dean, sold American Art Association, New York, 23rd November 1928, lot 28 JWHA Inv. No. 598 ‡ £300-400 245 A GERMAN HALBERD, PROBABLY 17TH CENTURY, GERMAN OR SWISS with central blade formed with wavy edges (tip chipped), crescentic axe blade with scalloped back edges, pierced with four hearts, rear fluke pierced with three rondels and formed with an upturned lug, a pair of straps, on a wooden haft 44cm; 17 3/8in head Provenance Ernst Schmidt, Munich, 9th December 1930, no. 119

246 246 AN ITALIAN HALBERD, EARLY 17TH CENTURY with long central spike of diamond section, forward leaning crescentic axe head with reinforced tip, formed with a pierced lug at the top and the bottom, pierced down-curved rear fluke with reinforced tip, decorated with pointillé over the head (worn), and a pair of long straps, on a studded wooden haft with silk tassel 52cm; 20 1/2in head Provenance Edward Hubbard Litchfield, sold Parke-Bernet Galleries, New York, 6th December 1951, Lot 1293 JWHA Inv. Nos. 2966.2 Exhibited Charleston Art Gallery of Sunrise, January - 1 May 1975 Holy Cross College, Worcester, 25-26 September 1981 Lowe Art Museum, Miami, 1st December 1979 - 13 January 1980 A number of hafted weapons decorated in this manner are associated with the arsenal of Henry VIII. See G. M. Wilson 1985, pp.15-20. ‡ £300-400

JWHA Inv. No. 1366 ‡ £250-350

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247 247 A NORTH GERMAN HALBERD, EARLY 17TH CENTURY with long central spike of diamond section swelling at the base to a broad leaf-shape, pierced with a pair of quatrefoils beneath a pair of scrolls, s-shaped axe blade pierced with arrangements of hearts and slipped circles, rear fluke formed with a slender curved spike above and below, a pair of straps, on a wooden haft 67.5cm; 26 5/8in head Provenance Giulia Morosini, sold American Art Association, New York, 10th15th October 1932, lot 593 JWHA Inv. No. 1794 A halberd of related type, formerly in the arsenal of the Dukes of Brunswick and latterly in the Royal Hanoverian collection, was sold Sotheby’s Hanover, 5-15th October 2005, lot 258. ‡ £400-600 248 AN ETCHED SAXON HALBERD FOR THE GUARD OF CHRISTIAN II, ELECTOR OF SAXONY (591-1611), CIRCA 1602 with robust central spike, curved axe blade formed with a pair of lugs top and bottom, down-curved rear spike, tapering socket, and a pair of straps, etched on each side of the head with the Saxon arms within a scrollwork cartouche, a strapwork panel in the centre, and the abbreviated inscription ‘CDAHZSC’ for Christian der Andere Herzog zu Sachsen

128

248

249 Churfurst (extensively pitted and worn, etching obscured), on a wooden haft 70cm; 27 1/2in head Provenance The Saxon Electoral Armoury, Dresden March Brown, Surrey, England, 14th April 1930 JWHA Inv. No. 1275 ‡ £400-600 249 A SWISS HALBERD OF THE ZURICH TOWN GUARD, 18TH CENTURY with broad leaf-shaped central blade, formed with a moulded waist at the base, triangular head pierced with the rampant lion of Zurich and the letter ‘Z’, pierced down-turned rear spike, moulded socket, a pair of long straps, on its wooden haft, and iron shoe 28cm; 11in head Provenance Clarence H. Mackay, sold Gimbel Brothers, New York, 1st June 1942, J1 JWHA Inv. No. 2682 A similar example is preserved in the Schweizerisches Landesmuseum, Zurich. See Dr E. A. Gessler 1928, taf. 21. ‡ £200-300


251

250 250 THREE GERMAN HALBERDS IN 15TH CENTURY STYLE, 19TH CENTURY the first with head of goose-wing form, stamped with a series of marks, punched with dots arranged in two groups of three, and pierced with a quatrefoil, scalloped at the base and formed with an integral rear spike at the top, an additional stout rear spike beneath, a pair of long straps, on a wooden haft; the second with head of goose-wing form, pierced with three groups of rondels and a slipped trefoil, formed at the rear with two integral spikes at the top and one at the bottom, an additional stout rear spike, and a pair of long straps, on a wooden haft; the third with head of goose-wing form, stamped with a mark three times on one side, pierced with rondels and a slipped trefoil, formed at the rear with an upper and lower integral spike, an additional stout rear spike, and a pair of long straps, on a wooden haft the first: 48.5cm; 19in head Provenance The first: F. Schnittjer & Son, New York, 12th October 1936 The second: Clarence H. Mackay, sold Gimbel Brothers, New York, 1st May 1942, J193 JWHA Inv. Nos. 2374, 2685, 23

251 A HALBERD IN NORTH GERMAN 17TH CENTURY STYLE, ANOTHER IN 16TH CENTURY STYLE; A HALBERD OF SOCALLED SEMPACH TYPE IN SWISS 17TH CENTURY STYLE; A HALBERD IN ITALIAN 16TH CENTURY STYLE; AND A GERMAN HALBERD IN 17TH CENTURY STYLE, 19TH/20TH CENTURY the first with broad tapering central blade formed with a medial ridge (tip chipped) and pierced with numerous shaped apertures, curved axe blade pierced en suite and formed with a scalloped back-edge, slender rear fluke formed with a wavy upturned lug, tapering socket, and a pair of straps; the second with robust central spike widening and stamped with a mark at the base on one side, forward leaning axe blade pierced with a slipped quatrefoil and cut with a scallop pattern along the back edges, rear fluke scalloped en suite, tapering socket, and a pair of long straps, on a wooden haft; the third with pierced axe head, rear fluke stamped with a mark on one side, and a pair of long straps, on a wooden haft; the fourth with long slender central spike, axe blade pierced with three groups of holes, pierced rear fluke, and a pair of short straps, on a wooden haft; the fifth with central spike formed with a moulding at the base, pierced axe blade formed with a series of shaped lugs, rear fluke en suite, a pair of long straps, on a wooden haft the first:79cm; 31 1/8in head (5) Provenance The first: Edward Hubbard Litchfield, sold Parke-Bernet Galleries, New York, 6th December 1951 The second: Ernst Schmidt, Munich, 5th June 1930 The third: perhaps Ernst Schmidt, Munich The fourth: Clapp & Graham Co. Inc., 514 Madison Avenue, New York, 11th January 1927 The fifth: Ernst Schmidt, Munich, 9th November 1929

Exhibited The second: Rensselaer County Jr. Museum, New York, 1 October 1974 - 5 September 1975

JWHA Inv. Nos. 2963, 1092, 2693.1, 42, 1045

‡ £400-600

‡ £400-700

Exhibited The first: Detroit Institute of Arts, 17th March 1948-27th July 1949

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253 252 A VENETIAN PARTISAN AND AN ITALIAN PARTISAN, MID-17TH CENTURY the first Italian, with broad double-edged blade tapering to a sharp point, etched on each side with trophies-of-arms, fronds, scrolls and a coat-of-arms, formed with a pair of short basal lugs, tapering moulded socket, and a pair of short straps, on a wooden haft; the second of similar form (one basal lug chipped), stamped ‘I. Perrin’ (rubbed) on one side, tapering moulded socket, and a pair of short straps the first:48.2cm; 29 3/4in head (2) Provenance The first: Clarence H. Mackay, sold Gimbel Brothers, New York, 1st May 1942, J45 The second: Liberty & Co Ltd, London, 17th April 1928 JWHA Inv. Nos. 2683, 470 The arms on the first appear to be those of the Michiel family of Venice. ‡ £600-800

254 253 AN ITALIAN PARTISAN, 16TH CENTURY with tapering blade formed with a medial ridge, swelling at the base to form a pair of short lugs, faceted socket, and a pair of short straps, on a wooden haft with a portion of its velvet covering and tassel 75.5cm; 29 3/4in head Provenance Albert P. Louis, sold American Art Association, 25th February 1927, no. 61 JWHA Inv. No. 109 ‡ £300-400 254 A PARTISAN, PROBABLY ITALIAN, LATE 16TH CENTURY with tapering blade formed with a medial ridge, formed with two pairs of upturned basal lugs at the base, with minute traces of etched decoration, tapering faceted socket, a pair of straps, on a wooden haft 72cm; 28 1/2in head Provenance George L. Maxwell, sold Anderson Galleries, New York, 30th November 1928, lot 255 JWHA Inv. No. 663 ‡ £500-700

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255 255 AN ITALIAN PARTISAN, 16TH CENTURY with tapering blade formed with a medial ridge, swelling at the base to form a pair of short lugs, decorated with scrolls and a wreath on each side in pointillé, faceted socket, and a pair of short straps, on a wooden haft 87.5cm; 34 1/2in head Provenance Giulia Morosini, sold American Art Association, New York, 10th-15th October 1932, lot 592 (part) JWHA Inv. No. 1791 A number of hafted weapons decorated in this manner are associated with the arsenal of Henry VIII. See G. M. Wilson 1985, pp.15-20. ‡ £400-600 256 AN ETCHED PARTISAN OF THE GUARD OF THE ELECTOR FRIEDRICH AUGUST I OF SAXONY (1694-1733) ‘THE STRONG’, CIRCA, 1694-97 with central blade of flattened-diamond section, broad base formed of a pair of flat notched flukes, etched at the base with a pattern of scrolling foliage on each side and surmounted on the respective faces with the crowned electoral arms and the initials CFA for Friedrich August Churfürst, moulded collar, faceted socket, and a pair of long straps, on a wooden haft 47.5cm; 18 3/4in head Provenance The Saxon Electoral Armoury, Dresden

256

257 Liberty & Co Ltd, London, 1st July 1954 JWHA Inv. No. 514 Friedrich August I ruled as Elector of Saxony (1694-1733) and twice as King August II of Poland (1697-1704 and 1709-1733). ‡ £500-700 257 A FRENCH HALBERD FOR THE SWISS ROYAL GUARD, CIRCA 1773-4; AND A FRENCH HALBERD FOR THE SWISS CHURCH GUARD, 18TH CENTURY the first with tapering central blade formed with a medial ridge and moulded at the base, crescentic axe blade, rear fluke formed of a central projection with a crescentic lug above and beneath, the head etched with the French Royal arms and a sun-in–splendour on the respective faces, faceted tapering socket numbered ‘N40’, on a wooden haft; the second with tapering central blade formed with a medial ridge, near symmetrical double head etched with bold scrolls of foliage, tapering socket, on a wooden haft with a tassel the first: 53cm; 21in head (2) Provenance The first: Anderson Galleries Inc., New York, 28th November 1928, lot 40D The second: Giulia Morosini, sold American Art Association, New York, 10th-15th October 1932, part of lot 593 JWHA Inv. Nos. 628, 1798 For the first see C. Ariès 1969, n°4 ‡ £500-700

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258

259

258 A FRENCH OFFICER’S PARTISAN, EARLY 18TH CENTURY with tapering central blade formed with a medial ridge, waisted at the base and formed with a pair of upturned lugs, a pronounced oval moulding on each side, etched with the crowned French Royal Arms and the crowned elaborately mirrored monogram ‘L’ on the respective faces (worn), on a wooden haft 40cm; 15 3/4in head

259 A GERMAN ETCHED PARTISAN, 17TH CENTURY with tapering broad blade (repaired) formed with a pair of short basal lugs, and a further pair of larger shaped lugs beneath, etched over its surface with military trophies and a coat-ofarms, a shield per fess the base per pale, the upper charged with a bird and the lower quarters each filled with a fleur-delys, and crested with a matching bird, all enclosed by a wreath of laurel (worn), faceted socket formed with a moulding at the top, and a pair of long straps, on a wooden haft 40cm; 15 3/4in head

Provenance Fenton & Sons Ltd, London, 27th April 1930 JWHA Inv. No. 1162 ‡ £250-350

Provenance Ernst Schmidt, Munich, 3rd December 1931 JWHA Inv. No. 1706 Exhibited Loaned to Lowe Art Museum, Miami, Florida, 1st December 1979 – 13th January 1980 ‡ £300-400

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261

260 AN ITALIAN CORSECA, SECOND HALF OF THE 16TH CENTURY with tapering central blade of flattened diamond section, formed with a pair of ‘bat-wing’ basal lugs, tapering faceted socket, with a sweated-on band of brass top and bottom (the latter chipped), on a wooden haft 60cm; 23 5/8in head Provenance Theodore Offerman, sold American Art Association, Anderson Galleries, New York, 5th February 1938, lot 60 JWHA Inv. No. 2481

262

261 AN ITALIAN BRANDISTOCK, POSSIBLY FIRST HALF OF THE 16TH CENTURY with long tapering central blade of hollow diamond section, a pair of upturned crescentic basal lugs, tapering socket, on its wooden haft (shortened) 71cm; 28 1/4in head Provenance Albert R. Louis, sold Walpole Galleries, New York, 22nd February 1927, lot 137 JWHA Inv. No. 118 ‡ £400-500

‡ £300-500 262 AN ITALIAN SPETUM, LATE 16TH/EARLY 17TH CENTURY with robust tapering central blade of flattened diamond section, a pair of upturned basal arms, tapering faceted socket, the socket and the base of the blade with traces of punched ornament decoration, and a pair of straps, on a wooden haft 68.5cm; 27in head Provenance JWHA Inv. No. 22 ‡ £350-450

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263

263 THREE ITALIAN SPETUMS IN LATE 16TH/EARLY 17TH CENTURY STYLE each with robust central spike, a pair of double-edged basal arms, tapering faceted socket, and a pair of straps, on a wooden haft the first: 73cm; 28 3/4in head (3) Provenance The second: Liberty & Co Ltd, London, 20th August 1929 The third: Giulia Morosini, sold American Art Association, New York, 10th-15th October 1932, lot 593 JWHA Inv. No. 25, 755, 1796 ‡ £300-350

264

264 TWO TRIDENTS AND A CORSECA IN ITALIAN 16TH CENTURY STYLE the first and second with robust central spikes formed with a pair of long down-turned basal spikes, tapering socket, on a wooden haft; the third of pronounced form, with triangular head formed with a medial ridge, a pair of crescentic basal arms each formed with an additional short lug beneath, tapering faceted socket, and a pair of short straps, on a wooden haft the first: 51.5cm; 20 1/4in head (3) Provenance The first: Parke-Bernet Galleries Inc., New York, 18th February 1942, lot 7 The second: Theodore Offerman, sold American Art Association, Anderson Galleries, New York, 5th February 1938, lot 43 The third: Edward Hubbard Litchfield, sold Parke-Bernet Galleries, New York, 5th December 1951, part lot JWHA Inv. No. 2671, 2478, 2959.2 ‡ £400-700

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265

266

265 TWO SPONTOONS, LATE 16TH CENTURY AND LATER the first probably from a cut-down buttafuochi, with pierced etched and gilt triangular head (worn), cut with a series of grooves at the base, a pair of basal arms, and faceted tapering socket, on a wooden haft; the second with leaf-shaped blade, moulded tapering socket, on a wooden haft the first:32cm; 12 1/2in head (2)

266 THREE DECORATED SPEARS, 17TH/19TH CENTURIES the first with leaf-shaped blade formed with a pair of upturned basal lugs with curled terminals, tapering socket, on a wooden haft; the second with pierced leaf-shaped blade, a vertically recurved cross bar at the base, and long tapering socket, on a wooden haft; the third with pierced leaf-shaped blade tapering to a sharp point, tapering socket, on a wooden haft (3)

Provenance The first: Fenton & Sons Ltd, London, 27th April 1930 The second: Dr. Bashford Dean, Riverdale, New York, 28th September 1929, no. 155

The first: George L. Maxwell, sold Anderson Galleries, New York, 30th November 1928, lot 244 The second: Louis Bachereau, Paris The third: Ernst Schmidt, Munich, 9th November 1929

JWHA Inv. No. 1165, 968

JWHA Inv. Nos. 660, 1981, 1029

‡ £300-350

‡ £300-400

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267

268

267 A MUSKET REST, MID-17TH CENTURY with rudimentary steel fork with scrolled terminals, cylindrical socket, on its wooden haft with iron spike; and a musket rest haft, 17th century (the head and spike missing) the first: 132cm; 52in head (2) Provenance George L. Maxwell, sold Anderson Galleries, New York, 8th January 1947, lot 10 JWHA Inv. Nos. 623.1, 623.2 ‡ £200-300 268 A COMPOSITE LINSTOCK, 18TH CENTURY formed of a German spontoon head, fitted with a pair of later arms each terminating in a bifurcated tip fitted with a screw for retaining cord, tapering socket on a wooden haft 43.5cm; 17 1/8in head Provenance Ernst Schmidt, Munich, 9th November 1929 JWHA Inv. No. 1042 ‡ £200-300

136

269 269 A SO-CALLED MAN-CATCHER ALMOST CERTAINLY CONSTRUCTED FROM A NORTH GERMAN LINSTOCK, CIRCA 1580 AND LATER, ANOTHER, LATE 19TH/20TH CENTURY the first with U-shaped head formed with recurved terminal delicately chiselled as scrolling monstrous masks, a pair of chiselled basal scrolls, later tapering socket, and fitted with later moulded spring-catches, on a wooden haft; the second with characteristic spiked head with spring catches, on a wooden haft (now in two pieces) the first: 27cm; 10 5/8in head (2) Provenance The first: Carhart sale, Parke-Bernet Galleries Inc., New York, 18th February 1942, lot 7 The second: probably Ernst Schmidt, Munich JWHA Inv. Nos. 2673, 1083 ‡ £500-700


270 270 AN ITALIAN BUTTAFUOCHI, LAST QUARTER OF THE 16TH CENTURY with pierced leaf shaped-central blade, the lower portion chiselled with scrolling serpents and fitted with a brass grotesque mask boss on each side, two curved basal arms each terminating in a gaping mask, engraved tapering socket fitted with a pierced collar with vertical arms each centring on a mask (two missing), on a portion of its original wooden haft (extended) 37.5cm; 14 3/4in head Provenance Edward Hubbard Litchfield, sold Parke-Bernet Galleries, New York, 5th December 1951 JWHA Inv. No. 2957 See L. G. Boccia and E. T. Coelho 1975 nos. 452-453. ‡ £500-700 271 A SAVOYARD DECORATED SPEAR, FIRST HALF OF THE 18TH CENTURY with leaf-shaped head formed with a medial ridge, etched with flowers and foliage above the crowned arms of Savoy, moulded socket with short crossbar, traces of original gilding, on its wooden haft 24.5cm; 9 5/8in head

271

272

Provenance Angelo Peyron, Florence, Italy, sold Savoy Art & Auction Galleries, New York, 4th November 1954, part of lot 37 The second: probably Ernst Schmidt, Munich JWHA Inv. Nos. 3065.2 Another example is preserved in the Poldi Pezzoli museum, Milan, cat. No. 553. ‡ £250-350 272 AN ITALIAN BUTTAFUOCHI, LAST QUARTER OF THE 16TH CENTURY with leaf shaped-central blade pierced with three central slots, etched with crowned fleur-de-lys, a figure in classical costume and the motto ‘Sine Dolo’, chiselled with acanthus at the base and with a pair of up-curved arms chiselled with foliage each terminating in a gaping mask, tapering socket with a pierced moulding at the top (chipped), a pair of straps, on a wooden haft 43cm; 17in head Provenance Clarence H. Mackay, sold Gimbel Brothers, New York, 31st October 1941, J39 JWHA Inv. No. 2654 The arms are probably those of Este, Dukes of Modena. ‡ £400-600

137


273 SEVEN LANCES AND THREE DECORATIVE GUIDONS, 17TH-19TH CENTURIES the first perhaps for the carousel, with fluted body, recessed grip, retaining traces of paint, and fitted with a pierced brass leaf-shaped head; the second perhaps for the carousel, fluted over the greater part of its length (shortened, head missing), with short grip and painted with a spiralling pattern in red and white; the third probably by Lorenz Kilian for Ernst Schmidt with fluted body, recessed grip, and leaf-shaped head pierced as an eagle; the fourth with bulbous body, carrying a relic Spanish flag; the fifth fluted over the greater part of its length (incomplete) and with recessed grip; the sixth the forward portion fluted (shortened, head missing), retaining traces of painted finish, and fabric covered grip; the seventh fitted with a painted flag decorated with the Bavarian arms; the eight of wood faced with leather and trimmed with gold bullion, painted in polychrome with the arms of Pappenheim on one side and those of Bavaria on the other; and the eighth of painted fabric, quartered with lions rampant and the arms of Bavaria on each face and trimmed with bullion (9) Provenance The first: Parke-Bernet Galleries Inc., New York, 26th October 1950 The second: Louis Bachereau, Paris, 28th May 1931 The third: Ernst Schmidt, Munich, 9th November 1929 The fourth: Clarence H. Mackay, sold Gimbel Brothers, New York, 1st June 1942 The fifth: Ernst Schmidt, Munich, 5th June 1930 The sixth: Dr. Bashford Dean, Riverdale, New York, 26th October 1950 The seventh: Bashford Dean, 26th October 1950 The eighth: Zschille Collection, sold Parke-Bernet, 4th December 1952, lot 146 & lot 647 to Hearst JWHA Inv. Nos. 2882.8, 1511, 1025, 2692, 1088, 896, 2882.6, 3019, 1024 ‡ £700-1000 274 THREE DECORATIVE GUIDONS, LATE 19TH/EARLY 20TH CENTURY the first of canvas, trimmed with gold bullion, retaining a portion of its suspension ribbon and painted with a rampant lion in polychrome; the second similar, decorated with the Imperial eagle; and the third similar, with the arms of Bavaria on each face the first 21 x 17 1/2in (3) Provenance Almost certainly Ernst Schmidt, Munich JWHA Inv. Nos. 45, 46, 47 ‡ £50-80

273

138


275 A RARE LANCE FROM THE EGLINTON TOURNAMENT, CIRCA 1830-9 with long slender wooden body, no provision for a grip, fluted over part of its length, and with characteristic button terminal Provenance Fenton & Sons Ltd, London, 27th April 1930, no. 904 JWHA Inv. No. 1152 For an account of the Eglinton Tournament of 1839 see I. Anstruther 1963. A number of these lances were included in the Eglinton Armour exhibition held at the Gothic Armoury on 3 Grosvenor Street shortly after the event. ‡ £350-450

275

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276 SIX LANCES, 19TH CENTURY the first with steel coronel, on its fluted wooden haft with recessed grip; the second with tapering steel head, on its grey painted fluted haft with recessed grip; the third with recessed grip (worn, cracked and separated); the fourth with 16th Century steel head from an infantry spear, on a fluted wooden haft; the fifth with leaf-shaped blade formed with a medial ridge, tapering socket, and studded wooden haft; the sixth formed of tapering wooden sections, fluted over the rear portion (head missing) and a halberd haft (7) Provenance The second: Sumner Healey, Coleman Auction Galleries Inc., New York, 14th February 1940, lot 489 The third: Dr. Bashford Dean, sold Parke-Bernet Galleries Inc., New York, 26th October 1950, part of lot 1186 The fourth: Ernst Schmidt, Munich, 9th November 1929 The fifth: Ernst Schmidt, Munich, 9th November 1929 The sixth: The Armoury of Archduke Eugen, Fortress Hohenwerfen, Salzburg, Austria, sold Anderson Galleries, New York, 1st - 5th March 1927, lot 1239 JWHA Inv. Nos. 2881.1, 2567, 2881.2, 1023, 1056, 252, 2080 ‥ £400-600

276

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Armour 277 A COMPOSITE ETCHED NORTH ITALIAN CAP-A-PIE FIELD ARMOUR, CIRCA 1540 comprising close helmet with one-piece skull rising to a high roped medial comb and fitted at the nape with a later plumeholder, visor, upper bevor and bevor attached by common pivots, in each case fitted beneath its head with a rosette washer (replaced), the visor with stepped centrally-divided vision-slit, fitted at its right with a lifting-peg (replaced), the markedly prow-shaped upper bevor pierced at its right with nine circular ventilation-holes in rosette-formation and fitted with a swivel-hook (replaced) to secure it to a pierced stud projecting from the bevor, and two rounded gorget-plates front and rear (the articulation-points of the lowest rear one patched), collar (restored) of three lames front and rear (restored), rounded and medially-ridged breastplate formed of a main plate fitted at each side with a rigidly-riveted side-plate and a movable gusset, at the right of the chest with three holes of which two serve to attach a hinged lance-rest (associated), and flanged outwards at its lower edge to receive a fauld of two lames (associated), and a pair of long, pendent tassets (the right restored) each of seven lames, one-piece backplate flanged outwards at its lower edge to receive a culet of two lames (restored), large asymmetrical pauldrons each formed of six lames, the third of the left flanged upwards to form a high haute-piece (the first and fourth to sixth of the left and the second of the right restored, and the third to fourth of the latter associated), fully articulated vambraces each formed of a one-piece turner, a tubular upper cannon, a winged couter of four lames, and a tapering tubular lower cannon, the couter open at its rear and decorated medially with a roped transverse rib, left mitten gauntlet (modern) formed of a short rounded tubular cuff fitted with a separate inner plate, five metacarpal-plates, a knuckle-plate formed with a roped transverse rib, five finger-plates and a hinged thumb-defence of five scales, a pair of short gutter-shaped cuisses (the right restored) each of one plate boxed medially and at the outside, and fitted with a winged poleyn of five lames (those of the right restored), and a pair of ankle-length greaves each fitted at its outside with a hinged side-plate and open at its inside rear (the main plate of the right patched at it lower edge, and its side-plate restored), the main edges of the armour formed with boldly-roped inward turns bordered, except on the collar, the backplate and the gauntlet by bands of finely etched linear arabesque ornament involving at either side of the comb of the helmet and the top of the haute-piece of the left pauldron a cross within a circular cartouche, that of the helmet, the right pauldron, the second and third lames of the left pauldron, the left tasset, the left cuisse and left greave original, and the remainder restored See note at front of catalogue for information concerning stands

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Provenance William Randolph Hearst, sold Parke-Bernet Galleries Inc., New York, 4th December 1952 JWHA, Inv. No. 3017 a-p Exhibited G. R. Marshall & Co, Canada, 1954 Worcester Pressed Steel Co., Worcester, Massachusetts, 1954 John Woodman Higgins’s summer home, 1954, 1956, 1958 and 1959 Pressed Metal Institute, 1955 Smith College, Northampton, Massachusetts, 18-19 November 1954 and 17-18 November 1959 Natwick Q M Corps, 20 November 1964-31 January 1966 Worcester Polytechnic Institute, Worcester, Massachusetts, 12-14 November 1966 The helmet, the right pauldron, parts of the left pauldron, the left tasset, the left cuisse, the left greave and possibly the main plate of the breastplate form the remains of a finely decorated homogenous armour. The restoration of the armour was carried out in part by George Donaldson, armourer to William Randolph Hearst. The armour can be compared in style with the slightly later Italian armour of Cosimo de Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany (1519-73), in the Hofjagd-und Rüstkammer, Vienna, Inv. No. A 406 (Gamber & Beaufort 1990, p. 125, pl. 61) ‡ £20000-30000


277

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278 A COMPOSITE ETCHED NORTH ITALIAN CAP-A-PIE FIELD ARMOUR, LATE 16TH CENTURY comprising close helmet with one-piece skull (patched at the rear) rising to a high roped medial comb and fitted at the nape with a plume-holder of brass, visor, upper bevor and bevor (the first two associated) attached by common pivots (replaced), the visor pierced beneath its stepped, centrally-divided vision-slit with six vertical ventilation-slots, the prow-shaped upper bevor trimmed to fit its present context, the skull and bevor fastened to one another at the left of the neck by a pierced hasp and turning-pin, and formed at their lower edges with a hollowed rim serving to lock over and rotate on the upper edge of the collar, the latter formed of two lames front and rear, breastplate formed of a main plate of deep “peascod” fashion, fitted at is arm-openings with movable gussets, pierced at the right of the chest with a pair of holes for the attachment of a lance-rest and flanged outwards at its lower edge to receive an associated fauld of one lame and a pair of pendent tassets each of six lames (the first two of the left restored and the third patched), one-piece backplate (patched) flanged outwards at its lower edge, two large symmetrical pauldrons (not a pair), each of seven lames, the third of which is fitted with a detachable haute-piece (the left associated and the right restored), that of the left extending over the entire front of the pauldron, pair of fully articulated vambraces formed of a tubular turner and upper cannon (the right associated) linked by a winged bracelet couter of three lames to a tapering tubular lower cannon opening at the front, two gauntlets (not a pair) each formed of a flared and pointed one-piece cuff closed by rivets at the inside of the wrist and fitted with five metacarpal-plates, the last of the left shaped between the knuckles and the last of the right fitted with the greater part of its transversely-ribbed knuckleplate, long one-piece cuisses (the right restored) each fitted with an associated poleyn of four lames, the third furnished with a small centrally-puckered side-wing and decorated at the point of the knee with a roped medial rib, ankle-length greaves (with various corrosion losses and perforations), each fitted at its outside with a hinged side-plate, open at its inside rear, and pierced at its lower edge with holes for the attachment of mail shoes, now represented by fragments of Oriental mail, and a pair of later toe-caps (restored) pierced around its edges with similar holes, the main edges of the armour otherwise formed with inwards turns, mostly roped and bordered at points by roped ribs terminating, in the case of those decorating the neck of the cuirass and the front and rear of each pauldron, in volutes, and its surfaces etched and gilt overall (the latter surviving only as traces) with bands and borders of classical trophies and dolphins on a stippled and blackened and ground enclosed in each case by narrower bands, mainly of guilloche, and enclosing in the interspaces of the fronts and rears of the main plates of the pauldrons cartouches framing figures of classical warriors (the etching of the visor and upper bevor of the helmet, the top three lames of the right pauldron, the vambraces, the gauntlets, the right cuisse, the poleyns and all restored elements later) See note at front of catalogue for information concerning stands

144

Provenance: Baron de Viga de Hoz, Madrid Senor Don Alberto Gonzales, Abreu, Seville Duveen Bros, New York, 18th January 1928 JWHA Inv. No. 429.a-t Exhibited Worcester Art Museum, Worcester, Massachusetts, 1928-30 Springfield Museum of Fine Arts, Springfield, Massachusetts, March 1943-June 1944 Science Fair, Worcester Polytechnic Institute, Worcester, Massachusetts, 19-21 April 1956 ‡ £20000-30000


278

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279 A COMPOSITE GERMAN CAP-A-PIE FIELD ARMOUR, CIRCA 1560-90, WITH LATER ETCHED DECORATION comprising close helmet with one-piece skull rising to a high roped medial comb and pierced at each side with five circular auditory-holes in a cross formation (the top of the face-opening trimmed and patched), visor (associated), upper bevor and bevor attached by common pivots (replaced) and in each case secured at their right sides by spring-catches (their pushbuttons replaced), the visor pierced at each side, beneath its stepped and centrally-divided vision-slit, with ten rhomboidal ventilation-holes arranged in two-tiers, the prow-shaped upper bevor pierced at each side with three vertical ventilation-slots and struck at its upper edge, to the right of centre, with a row of four small circles, possibly serving as garniture-markings, and two rounded gorget-plates front and rear (the front ones restored), heavy collar of four lames front and rear, Italian breastplate formed of a main plate of “peascod” fashion, fitted at is arm-openings with moveable gussets (both patched), at the right of the chest with a folding of a lance-rest (restored) attached by two screws, and at its lower edge with an associated fauld of two lames divisible between the first and second (the latter patched at its centre and right) and fitted with pair of integral pendent tassets each of eleven lames divisible between the fourth and fifth and the ninth and tenth respectively, and terminating in winged poleyns of three lames, one-piece backplate flanged outwards at it lower edge to receive a culet of three lames (restored), narrow-fronted pauldrons each of six lames extending downwards to just above the elbow and pierced at the front of the second of them with a pair of lace-holes fitted with brass eyelets for the attachment of a besague, vambraces each formed of a tubular upper and lower cannon linked by internal leathers to an intervening winged bracelet couter decorated with a roped transverse rib, the upper cannon in each case surmounted by a turner of three lames and the lower cannon opening at the rear, mitten gauntlets (restored) each formed of a long pointed tubular cuff closed at the inside by an overlapped and riveted join and fitted at the outside with a wrist-plate, four metacarpalplates (partly original), a knuckle-plate, scaled finger-defences and a scaled and hinged thumb-defence, and full-length tubular greaves (restored), the main edges of the armour formed with boldly roped inward turns accompanied in part by recessed borders, the surfaces of the armour, except for those of the gauntlets, etched on a blackened ground and heavily fire-gilt in the case of the collar, with bands and borders of running foliage involving, on the helmet and breastplate, trophies and fabulous beasts, and the surfaces of the gauntlets etched and gilt on a stippled and gilt ground (the gilding much worn) with trophies of arms partly occupying strapwork and enclosed in each case by narrower bands of guilloche See note at front of catalogue for information concerning stands

146

Provenance Probably Philip Rhinelander II, New York, sold Parke-Bernet Galleries, New York, 17th November 1944 James Graham & Sons, New York, 27th December 1944 JWHA Inv. No. 2797.a-q Exhibited Worcester Art Museum, Worcester, Massachusetts, 13 February 1945 The collar, the second lame of the fauld and first four lames of the tassets are of notable weight. The construction of the fauld and tassets is typical of that employed by armourers of the Brunswick school. With its fauld reduced to a single lame, the cuirass could be worn as part of light cavalry armour (Trabharnish). Adding the short tassets allowed it to be worn, in conjunction with full leg harness, as part of a heavy field armour (Feldsküriss). Extending the tassets to just above the knees allowed it to serve as part of light infantry armour (Landsknechtharnish), while further extending them to the knees would allow the armour to be adapted to medium cavalry use (Trabharnisch). ‡ £20000-30000


279

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280 A COMPOSITE GERMAN CAP-A-PIE FIELD ARMOUR IN THE SO-CALLED ‘MAXIMILIAN’ FASHION, CIRCA 1515-30 comprising close helmet with rounded one-piece skull (extensively patched) rising to a low roped medial comb, bellows visor and bevor (both associated and reworked) attached by common pivots (replaced), the visor stepped beneath its centrally-divided vision-slit and pierced with eight horizontal ventilation-slots arranged in two rows and, at its right side, with a circular hole for a missing lifting-peg, and a single gorget-plate front and rear (associated), collar of four lames front and rear (restored), heavy breastplate formed of a rounded main plate fitted at each of its arm-openings with a moveable gusset, at the right of the chest with a detachable folding lance-rest (restored), at each shoulder with a pierced stud for the attachment of a reinforce (a plugged hole at the centre of its lower edge probably the site of a further such stud), and within its lower edge with a waist-lame (associated) flanged outwards to receive a fauld of four lames and a pair of integral tassets each of four lames (both the fauld and tassets restored), heavy backplate en suite with the breastplate, formed of a main plate fitted within its lower edge with a waistlame flanged outwards to receive a culet of four lames (restored), large asymmetrical pauldrons (the right partly disarticulated) formed in each case of five lames (the first two of each and the fifth of the left restored), fitted at the front of the second of them with a large detachable reinforce (restored) extending upwards as a haute-piece, and connected at its lower end, via a turner, to a fully articulated vambrace formed of tubular upper and lower cannons linked by a couter of three lames of which the second is fitted at the front with a detachable reinforce (restored) extending over the otherwise open inside of the elbow, mitten gauntlets each formed of a short straight-ended cuff pierced around its edges with paired stitch-holes and fitted with a separate inner plate (that of the right restored), five metacarpal-plates, a knuckle-plate, five finger-plates and hinged thumb-defences (the last restored) each formed of three scales of which the first and largest is pierced around its edges with holes matching those of the cuff, cuisses (restored) each formed of a gutter-shaped main plate fitted at its upper edge with three short extension-plates and at its lower end with a winged poleyn of five lames, and fulllength tubular greaves each formed of a front and a rear plate opening at the inside (the upper end of each front plate and the lower end of the right rear plate extended by patched repairs), the rear fitted at its upper end with a staple to accommodate the strap of the poleyn and at its lower end with a moderatelylong spur (restored) terminating in a rowel of six slender points, and the front fitted within its arched lower end with a broadtoed sabaton of seven lames, the main edges of the armour formed with boldly roped inward turns accompanied in most cases by single or double recessed borders, and the armour decorated overall, except on the greaves, with bands and panels of flutes emphasised by pairs of incised lines (the flutes later added on the vambraces and gauntlets) See note at front of catalogue for information concerning stands

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Provenance Frédéric Spitzer, Paris, sold Anderson Galleries, New York, 9th-12th January 1929, lot 617 JWHA Inv. No. 701.a-l Literature Stephen V. Grancsay, The John Woodman Higgins Armory, Worcester, Massachusetts, 1961, p. 124 (ill.) Exhibited Rev. Seweall Emerson, Boston, Massachusetts 1957 Mrs Kenneth L. Whitney, Leicester, Massachusetts, 1 July 1957 Renseslaer County Junior Museum, New York, February-April 1959 Williams College, Williamstown, Massachusetts, 26 April-10 May 1960 Army Quartermaster, Natick, Massachusetts, 10-18 May 1962 Childrens Museum, Boston, Massachusetts, 6 January -9 July 1964 Ayres Agency, Worcester, Massachusetts, 3 November-7 May 1965 Rockefeller Centre, New York, 1-30 June 1965 Worcester Polytechnic Institute, Worcester, Massachusetts, 7 September-30 June 1966 Clarke Art Institute, Williamstown, Massachusetts, 17 October30 November 1980 ‘The Armorer and the Printmaker’, Higgins Armoury Museum in conjunction with the Worcester Art Museum, Worcester, Massachusetts, 2 June-6 September 1998 (helmet only) The fine cuirass of the armour is of notable weight and capable of receiving, in addition, a reinforcing breastplate. ‡ £16000-22000


280

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281 A COMPOSITE BLUED AND GILT WESTERN EUROPEAN CAP-A-PIE FIELD ARMOUR, CIRCA 1550-80, WITH LATER DECORATION comprising Italian close helmet with one-piece skull rising to a high roped medial comb and struck at the nape with a maker’s mark involving a monogram, visor, upper bevor and bevor attached to it by common pivots and secured in each case by a spring-catch (the visor restored, the upper bevor associated and the spring-catches and pivots replaced), the visor pierced beneath its stepped and centrally-divided vision-slit with fourteen circular ventilation holes and fitted at its right with a lifting-peg also serving as the release for its spring-catch (broken), the prow-shaped upper bevor pierced at its left and right sides respectively with thirteen and fourteen circular ventilation-holes in rosette formation, and two rounded gorgetplates front and rear (those at the rear associated, those at the front restored using old metal), German breastplate of ‘deepbellied’ fashion formed of a medially-ridged main plate fitted at its neck-opening with an integral collar of two lames (restored), at its stepped arm-openings with movable gusset (restored) in each case pierced with a pair of holes for the attachment of a besague, at the right of the chest with a rigid lance-rest (restored), and at its flanged lower edge (patched) with an integral fauld of three lames (restored) supporting long tassets each of seven lames (associated and in part modified to fit their present context), the lowest lame of the left tasset struck with the Vienna arsenal-mark and the fauld pierced with a hole to receive a one-piece-German codpiece (patched at its upper edge), backplate formed of a main plate fitted at its neckopening with an integral collar of two lames (restored) and flanged outwards at its lower edge to receive a culet of three lames (restored, probably using old metal), two large asymmetrical German pauldrons (not a pair) each formed of six lames (several showing patching and plugging, and one removed from between the fourth and fifth of the right), a pair of fully articulated Italian vambraces each formed of a onepiece turner (the left with some plugged holes), a tubular upper cannon, a winged bracelet couter of three lames and a tapering tubular lower cannon opening at the rear, German mitten gauntlets each formed of a flared and obtusely-pointed one-piece cuff closed by a riveted join at the inside of the wrist, four metacarpal-plates, a knuckle-plate decorated with a roped transverse rib, four finger-plates and a hinged thumbdefence of four scales (the metacarpal-plates and the finger-plates associated and reworked to their present context, the knuckle plates-and thumb-defences restored), short cuisses each of four lames terminating in a winged poleyn of four lames (the left cuisse and the first three lames of its left poleyn restored), and a pair of full-length tubular greaves each formed of a separable front and rear half (the front of the right and the rear of the left restored) and furnished with an integral sabaton of four lames connected by strips of Oriental mail to

150

rounded toe-caps (restored), the main edges of the armour formed with file-roped inward turns, the couters and poleyns each decorated on the points and wings respectively of their main plates with raised quatrefoils and confronted volutes (the quatrefoils of the couters and the volutes of the poleyns later), and the remainder of the armour decorated overall with recessed borders and vertical bands (the bands later except on the codpiece), all gilt on an overall heat-blued ground (the gilding and bluing later) See note at front of catalogue for information concerning stands Provenance Dr. Bashford Dean, Riverdale, New York, sold Parke-Bernet Galleries, New York, 26th October 1950, lot 110 JWHA Inv. No. 2879.a-o Exhibited Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, prior to 1950 Berkshire Museum, Pittsfield, Massachusetts, 6 January-21 February 1966 New England Museum of Science, Boston Massachusetts, 1-11 December 1966 Winterfest, Boston ‘Art of the Armorer’, Flint Institute of Art, Missouri, 1 December 1967-1 April 1968 Worcester Pressed Steel Co., for New England Museum of Science, Boston, Massachusetts, 2-6 December 1968 Lowe Art Museum, Miami, Florida, 1 December 1979-13 January 1980 ‘Road Warriors: Knight Riders’, Norton Museum of Art, , West Palm Beach, Florida, 24 June-4 September 2000 Literature Stephen V. Grancsay, The John Woodman Higgins Armory, Worcester, Massachusetts, 1961, p. 60 (ill.) The inside of the right greave inscribed ‘Toe-caps, waste [sic.] armor / parts of cuissards, 1 knee, 1 back / of lower leg modern. /Restored by R. Bartel 1916’. The rear of the lance-rest is similarly inscribed on its rear, ‘piece faite par / Julien Arrechea / 1916’. Raymond Bartel subsequently became armourer to William Randolph Hearst at St Donat’s Castle, Glamorganshire, Wales. The recessed vertical bands that decorate codpiece were clearly the inspiration for the embellishment of the remainder of the armour. The embossed volutes on the couters served as the inspiration for those of the cuisses, and the embossed quatrefoils of the cuisses, for those of the couters. ‡ £15000-20000


281

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282 A COMPOSITE NORTH ITALIAN CAP-A-PIE FIELD ARMOUR, LATE 16TH CENTURY comprising close helmet with rounded one-piece skull (trimmed at the right of its face-opening) rising to a low roped medial comb (patched at its apex) and fitted at the nape with a plume-holder of brass (replaced), visor, upper bevor and bevor attached by common pivots (replaced), the visor with centrally divided vision-slit fitted at its right side with a moulded liftingpeg (replaced), the prow-shaped upper bevor pierced at its right side with nine small ventilation-holes in rosette-formation and secured to the bevor proper by means of a pierced stud and swivel-hook, and two short gorget-plates front and rear (the former associated), German collar of three lames front and rear, the lowest at the front struck with the fir-cone qualitycontrol mark of the city of Augsburg (the second lame in each case restored, the lowest in each case associated), breastplate formed of a main plate of deep “peascod” fashion, decorated at the neck with a roped V-shaped rib struck there with the serial number 18 , fitted at its arm-openings with movable gussets (restored), at the right of the chest with a hinged lance-rest (restored) and flanged outwards at its lower edge to receive an associated fauld of two lames (detached) and a pair of pendent tassets (not a pair) each of nine lames (the first of the left associated), German backplate formed of a main plate fitted within its lower edge with a waist-plate flanged outwards at its lower edge to form an integral culet, both parts retaining traces within them of former ‘black-and-white’ embossed decoration, the waist-lame with welded repairs and patches at each end), two large asymmetrical pauldrons (not a pair), each of seven lames (the lowest of the left with a patched repair) connected by a turner to a fully articulated vambrace formed of a tubular turner and upper cannon linked by a winged bracelet couter of three lames to a tapering tubular lower cannon, two gauntlets (not a pair) each formed of a flared and pointed one-piece cuff closed by a riveted join at the inside of the wrist and fitted with four metacarpal-plates, a shaped knuckle-plate, scaled finger-defences and a scaled and hinged thumb-defence (the last two restored), two cuisses (not a pair and the left extensively patched) each formed of a single medially-ridged plate, boxed at the outside and fitted with an associated poleyn of four lames, the third furnished with a small centrally-puckered side-wing, and tubular greaves connected in each case by four ankle-lames front and rear to a pair of integral round-toed sabatons formed of eight lames at the front and one at the rear (the rear plate of the left greave, the ankle-lames and the sabatons restored), the main edges of the armour formed with roped inwards turns accompanied at points by recessed borders, in some cases enclosed by roped ribs, and its subsidiary edges variously decorated with similar ribs or with single or double incised lines See note at front of catalogue for information concerning stands

152

Provenance Dr. Bashford Dean, Riverdale, New York, sold American Art Association, New York, 23rd November 1928, lot 149 JWHA Inv. No. 611.a-p Exhibited Schenectady Museum Association, Schenectady, New York, 22 September 1959-June 1960 George T. Brown, Vive-President of the Whitinsville Spring Ring Co., 17-20 May 1963 Baptist Church at Adams Square, Worcester, Massachusetts, 28 June-15 July 1963 John Masters, Holden, Massachusetts, 10-16 September 1963 Atlantic Union College, Lancaster, Massachusetts, 7-19 February 1964 Literature Stephen V. Grancsay, the John Woodman Higgins Armory, Worcester, Massachusetts, 1961, p. 79 (ill.) ‡ £14000-20000


282

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283 A COMPOSITE ETCHED NORTH ITALIAN CORSLET, LATE 16TH CENTURY comprising morion in the ‘Spanish fashion, with tall one-piece crown of almond shape rising to a short stalk at its apex (patched), and ‘swept’ integral brim rising to an acute point front and rear (the latter patched), collar of one lame front and rear, one-piece breastplate of late ‘peascod’ fashion flanged outwards at its lower edge to receive a pair of pendent onepiece tassets (restored), one-piece backplate (restored), large symmetrical pauldrons each formed of eight lames connected by a turner to a fully articulated vambrace formed of tubular upper and lower cannons (the inner plate of the latter restored) and a winged bracelet-couter of three lames, and two gauntlets (not a pair), the right formed of an obtusely pointed one piece cuff (its upper edge damaged) and a single metacarpal-plate (associated), and the right (restored) formed of a rounded cuff with a separate inner plate, five metacarpalplates, a shaped knuckle-plate and detached finger-scales, the main edges of the armour formed with inward turns, mostly roped, and its surfaces

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etched with bands and borders of classical trophies on a stippled and blackened ground enclosed in each case by narrow bands of an guilloche, and enclosing in the interspaces of the morion and of the fronts and rears of the main plates of the pauldrons cartouches framing busts and figures of classical warriors (the etching of the rear plate of the collar, the cuirass, the right turner, the inner plates of the lower cannons, the metacarpal-plate of the right gauntlet and all restored elements later, and that on the points of the pauldrons refreshed) See note at front of catalogue for information concerning stands Provenance Philip Rhinelander II, New York, sold Parke-Bernet Galleries, New York, 17th November 1944, lot 77 JWHA Inv. No. 2777.a-j ‡ £8000-12000


283

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284 A COMPOSITE NORTH EUROPEAN CAP-A-PIE CUIRASSIER’S ARMOUR, EARLY 17TH CENTURY comprising close helmet with a rounded two-piece skull formed in two halves joined along a high medial comb, forward-sloping visor (restored) stepped beneath its paired vision-slits and fitted at its right with a short lifting-peg, prowshaped upper bevor pierced at its left with nine circular ventilation-holes in rosette formation, bevor fitted at its right with a swivel-hook to secure the visor, and one-piece gorgetplates front and rear, each decorated at its centre with five rivets in cross-formation and trimmed at its upper edge to adapt it to its present context, collar of one lame front and rear, heavy one-piece breastplate of late ‘peascod’ fashion struck at its right with the proof-mark of a bullet and flanged outwards at its lower edge to receive two long tassets (not a pair), the left and right respectively formed of fourteen lames and in each case terminating in a winged poleyn of five lames (the right associated and its lowest two lames restored) decorated at the point of the knee with an embossed hexafoil, heavy one-piece backplate en suite with the breastplate, two large symmetrical pauldrons (not a pair), each formed of eleven lames decorated at the front and rear of the sixth with later embossed hexafoils and connected by a turner and integral upper cannon to a winged couter and tubular lower cannon (in neither case a pair), two gauntlets (not a pair, the right later), each form of an elbow-length cuff with a separate inner plate, a wrist-plate, five metacarpal-plates and a shaped knuckleplate, a pair of later demi-greaves each formed of ten plates (the lowest two cut and reworked from pieces of 17th century armour), and square-toed sabatons of nine lames each (cut and reworked from pieces of 17th century armour), the main edges of the armour formed with narrow inward turns, those of the helmet roped, and its subsidiary edges decorated with double or single incised lines (the armour heavily pitted overall, showing some cracks, patches, losses and disarticulation) See note at front of catalogue for information concerning stands Provenance The Bradshaw family, Marple Hall, Cheshire, England Fenton & Sons Ltd, London, 23rd April 1930 JWHA Inv. No. 1151.a-l ‡ £6000-8000

284

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285 A COMPOSITE GERMAN LIGHT FIELD ARMOUR IN THE ‘BLACK-AND-WHITE’ FASHION, CIRCA 1570-1610 comprising comb morion with rounded crown formed in two halves joined along a high medial comb, and ‘swept’ integral brim rising to an acute point front and rear (the rear chipped), the base of the crown encircled by twelve lining-rivets with rosette-washers of brass and fitted at the nape with a slender tapering plume-holder, ‘Almain’ collar formed of three lames front and rear and fitted at each side with an integral spaudler of seven lames (associated), breastplate formed of a heavy main plate projecting forward over the belly, and fitted with moveable gussets at the arm-openings and a fauld of three lames (the lowest two associated) supporting on straps two short one-piece tassets (not a pair), one-piece backplate en suite with the breastplate, fitted with a culet of one lame, and gauntlets with slightly flared and rounded cuffs fitted in each case with a separate inner plate, four metacarpal-plates, a knuckle-plate with roped transverse rib, a hinged thumb-defence and, in the case of the right, some finger-scales (partly detached), the main edges of the armour formed with roped inward turns, and each side of the crown of the morion and each tasset decorated with a large fleur-de-lis, the outside of each gauntlet decorated with stylised foliage involving fleur-de-lis, and the remainder decorated with plain bands and borders in all cases embossed and burnished bright against a blackened ground (refreshed); the armour accompanied by a heavy oval shield (modern) fitted at its front with a central spike and at its rear with a pair of enarmes, its surface decorated with three bright embossed fleur-de-lis against a blackened ground en suite with the armour itself See note at front of catalogue for information concerning stands Provenance Philip Rhinelander II, New York, sold Parke-Bernet Galleries, New York, 17th November 1944, lot 97, cat. No. 603 JWHA Inv. No. 2778.1.a-j (armour) and 2778.2 (shield) The decoration of the cuirass, the tassets and the gauntlets is characteristically North German in style. Similarly decorated pieces are to be found in the former arsenals of Brunswick, Emden, Lübeck and Munster (K. Ullmann, 1961, figs 7 & 14; K. Ullmann, 1963, pt. 1, p. 38, figs 8, 11, 15-18 & 25; K. Ullmann, 1968, pp. 14-17 & 30-1; W. Fanger, 1981, figs 2-3, 7, 21 & 23) ‡ £6000-8000

285

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286

286 A COMPOSITE SOUTH GERMAN INFANTRY ARMOUR IN THE ‘BLACK-AND-WHITE’ FASHION, PARTLY NUREMBERG, CIRCA 1570-90 comprising burgonet with a one-piece skull formed with four facets, rising to an acute point and fitted at the brow with an obtusely-pointed pivoted peak (patched at its upper edge), at the nape with a separate plate flanged outwards at its lower edge to receive a one-piece neck-guard, and at each side with a hinged cheek-piece decorated at its centre with an embossed rosette and flanged outwards at its lower edge to continue the line of the neck-guard, ‘Almain’ collar formed of two lames front and rear (the top one in each case associated) and fitted at each side with a spaudler (likewise associated) of seven lames, breastplate formed of a medially-ridged main plate projecting forward over the belly, struck at the neck with the quality-control mark of the city of Nuremberg, and fitted at its arm-openings with moveable gussets, and at its lower edge with a fauld of two lames, the lowest of which (partly disarticulated) is struck with the Vienna arsenal-mark and supports on straps two long tassets each of six lames terminating just above the knees, and one-piece backplate flanged outwards at its lower end to receive a culet of one lame, circular besagues (modern), each decorated at its centre with a large embossed rosette matching those of the burgonet, two vambraces (not a pair) each formed of a tubular upper and lower cannon (the inner plate of the left lower cannon restored) linked by internal leathers (those of the left partly disarticulated) to an intervening winged bracelet couter decorated with a roped medial rib, the upper cannon in each case surmounted by a turner of two lames (the uppermost restored), and gauntlets (the right restored) each formed of a short roundedended tubular cuff fitted with a separate inner plate, five metacarpal-plates, a knuckle-plate decorated with a roped transverse rib, a finger-plate, scaled finger-defences and a hinged thumb-defence of five scales, the main edges of the armour formed with roped inward turns accompanied,, except in the case of the burgonet, besagues and cannons of the vambraces, by recessed borders burnished bright against a blackened ground (refreshed), along with the rosettes of the burgonet and besagues, and the roped ribs of the turners and couters See note at front of catalogue for information concerning stands Provenance Dr. Bashford Dean, Riverdale, New York, sold American Art Association, New York, 23rd November 1928, lot 146 JWHA Inv. No. 608.a-k ‡ £5000-8000

158


287 A COMPOSITE NORTH GERMAN LIGHT INFANTRY ARMOUR IN THE ‘BLACK-AND-WHITE’ FASHION, CIRCA 1570-1610 comprising comb morion with rounded crown formed in two halves joined along a high medial comb, and ‘swept’ integral brim rising to an acute point front and rear (the front one bent), the base of the crown encircled by fourteen (originally sixteen) lining-rivets with rosette-washers of brass and fitted at the nape with a slender tapering plume-holder, ‘Almain’ collar formed of three lames front and rear (partly disarticulated, the left of the lowest front one patched) and fitted at each side with an integral spaudler of six lames, breastplate formed of a medially-ridged main plate projecting forward over the belly and fitted at its arm-openings with moveable gussets and at its lower edge with a fauld of two lames (associated) supporting on straps two long tassets of each of six lames (the right partly disarticulated) terminating just above the knees, and one-piece backplate boxed at either side and flanged outwards at its lower end to receive a culet of one lame, the main edges of the armour formed with inward turns decorated, other than on the helmet, with roping, the breastplate decorated with three diverging bands enclosed in each case by a pair of narrower bands, the crown of the morion decorated at each side with a large fleur-de-lis enclosed within a circle surrounded by stylised acanthus foliage repeated in the borders of each of the remaining elements of the armour, and in all cases embossed and burnished bright against a blackened ground (refreshed) See note at front of catalogue for information concerning stands Provenance J. Glueckselig & Sohn, Vienna, 1st December 1936 JWHA Inv. No. 2384.a-f Exhibited Fort Devens Service Club, Ayer, Massachusetts, 8 August-30 October 1941

287

The decoration of the armour is characteristically North German in style. Pieces of the same fashion can be seen in the former arsenals of Emden, Lübeck and Munster (K. Ullmann 1961, figs 7, 14 & 24; K. Ullmann 1963, figs 8, 15 & 24-25; and K. Ullmann 1968, pp. 18-19) ‡ £4000-6000

159


288 A CUIRASSIER’S ARMOUR IN THE EARLY 17TH CENTURY GERMAN STYLE comprising close helmet with rounded two-piece skull formed in two halves joined along a low medial comb and fitted at its nape with a plume-holder, two-piece peak (its left terminal restored) and bevor attached by common pivots and secured in each case by swivel-hooks (that at the left the neck missing), the underside of the peak fitted with a U-shaped face defence cut at the top with a pair of vision-slits and over the mouth with a lozenge-shaped ventilation-hole, the bevor pierced at each side with small circular ventilation-holes in a rosette formation, and a single gorget-plate front and rear, collar of two lames front and rear, heavy one-piece breastplate of the second half of the 17th century struck at the neck with the mark A(?)M , pierced around its edges with stitch-holes and flanged outwards at its slightly V-shaped lower edge to receive a fauld of one lame and a pair of long pendent tassets each of eight lames terminating in a poleyn of three lames, one-piece backplate flanged outwards at its lower edge to receive a culet of three lames, large symmetrical pauldrons each of seven lames connected by a turner to fully articulated vambraces formed of a tubular upper and lower cannon connected by a winged bracelet couter of three lames, and gauntlets each formed of an acutely-pointed one-piece cuff closed by a riveted join at the inside of the wrist, four metacarpal-plates, a shaped knuckle-plate, scaled finger-defences (the greater part of the fourth of the right missing) and a hinged and scaled thumbdefence (that of the left detached), the main edges of the armour formed with plain inward turns, and its surfaces decorated with bright bands and bright subsidiary edges against a black-painted ground See note at front of catalogue for information concerning stands Provenance: Mrs Willis D. Wood, Long Island New York, given to the Higgins Museum 15th June 1968 JWHA Inv. No. 3167

288

Exhibited Oneida County Junior Museum, New York, 11 September-8 January 1968 ‡ £2500-3500

160


289

290

289 A NORTH ITALIAN COMB MORION, CIRCA 1570, WITH LATER ETCHED DECORATION with rounded one-piece crown rising to a high roped medial comb, and integral brim turned down at each side and rising to an acute point front and rear, the edge of the brim formed with a roped inward turn and the base of the crown encircled by fourteen (originally sixteen) round-headed lining-rivets with brass caps and brass rosette-washers (partly missing or incomplete) and fitted at the nape with a later brass plumeholder, etched on each side of the crown within an overall pattern of a scrolling foliage inhabited by dragons, fabulous birds, rams’ heads and a central female nude supporting a vase of flowers, on each side of the comb with trophies of arms involving in a circular central cartouche a classical bust, and at each side of the brim with acanthus foliage, all on a stippled and blackened ground (the left of the comb showing a small rustperforation and brazed repair, the left of the brim a crack, and the right of the brim a small patched repair at its edge) 24.5cm; 9 3/4in

290 A COMB MORION WITH EMBOSSED DECORATION, 19TH CENTURY IN THE FRENCH OR FLEMISH STYLE OF ABOUT 1550-60 with rounded one-piece crown rising to a high roped medial comb (perforated to the rear of its apex), and integral brim turned down at each side and rising to an acute point front and rear (the rear one chipped and the front one pierced with three later wiring-holes), the edge of the brim formed with a fileroped inward turn and the base of the crown encircled by fourteen holes for lining-rivets of which three are preserved, in one case fitted with its brass rosette-washer, the left and right sides of the crown of the helmet respectively embossed and chased in relief within borders of strapwork and grotesques with a representation of mounted classical warriors crossing a river leading to a landscape occupied by two fortresses in the background, and engaged in combat in that landscape, and the comb and brim with foliate strapwork occupied by classical busts, masks, grotesques and fabulous beasts 19.5cm; 7 3/4in

Provenance Giulia Morosini, sold by the American Art Association, New York, 10th-15th October 1932, lot 328

Provenance Edwin J. Brett, Thanet and London, sold Christie’s, London, 22nd March 1895, lot 689

JWHA Inv. No. 1822

Samuel J. Whawell, London

Exhibited Beaumont Art Museum, Texas, 5 December 1977-23 January 1978 Monmouth Museum, New Jersey, 27 February-6 May 1978

Sumner Healey, New York, 24th February 1932

Schenectady Museum, New York, 13 September 1979 Lowe Museum, Miami, Florida, 1 December 1979-13 January 1980 ‡ £1200-1600

JWHA Inv. No. 1717 Exhibited ‘Medieval and Renaissance Splendor’, Ringling Museum, Sarasota, Florida, and other venues, 9 February 1984-1 November 1985 Literature Edwin J. Brett, Pictorial and Descriptive Record of…Arms and Armour…Drawn from the Author’s Collection, London, 1984, pl. LI, 3 ‡ £3000-4500

161


291 291 A FINELY ETCHED NORTH ITALIAN CLOSE HELMET FOR THE FOOT TOURNEY, MILANESE, CIRCA 1590 with rounded one-piece skull rising to a low medial comb, and visor, prow-shaped upper bevor and bevor (the first two restored) attached to it by dome-headed common pivots (replaced), the visor formed with a stepped and centrallydivided vision-slit and fitted at its right side with a projecting lifting-peg, the bevor pierced at the right of the chin with a large hole to receive a locking-screw that projected from the original upper bevor, the skull and bevor fastened to one another at the right of the neck by a pierced hasp and turning-pin, and formed at their lower edges with internally hollowed rims intended to lock over and rotate on the upper edge of a collar, the armour finely etched overall with alternating bands of strapwork and trophies in each case set on a stippled ground respectively gilt and blackened (the gilding only preserved as traces), and separated by plain narrow triple bands 26.5cm; 10 1/4in Provenance Dr. Bashford Dean, Riverdale, New York, sold American Art Association, New York, 23rd November 1928 JWHA Inv. No. 890

Exhibited ‘Faerie Tale Festival of Trees’, Berkshire Museum, Pittsfield, Massachusetts, 19 November-31 December 2005 The decoration of the helmet is of a style employed by the distinguished late 16th century armourer Pompeo della Chiesa (recorded 1571-93) who had his workshop in the Castello Sforzesco, Milan (Norman 1986, p. 31).His signature occurs on similarly decorated armours in the collections of the Earls of Pembroke at Wilton House, Wiltshire, the Museo Stibbert, Florence, the Philadelphia Museum of Art, and the Armoury of the Knights of St John at Malta, the helmet of which is in the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York. The design was also employed by several of Pompeo’s Milanese contemporaries, including one who signed himself with the initials IFP on an armour in the Art Institute, Chicago, one who signed himself with a triple-towered castle on pieces in the same collection and an armour formerly in the collection of the Earl of Harrington, one who signed himself with a double-towered castle on an armour in the Museo Civico L. Marzoli, and several detached pieces in thee Wallace Collection, London. (For a fuller discussion of these armours, supported by published references, see Thomas Del Mar Ltd in association with Sotheby’s, Antique Arms, Armour & Militaria, London 26 June 2007, lot 263) ‡ £7000-10000

162


291

163


292

292 A SOUTH GERMAN CLOSE HELMET, CIRCA 1530, WITH LATER GROTESQUE VISOR with rounded one-piece skull rising to a low, boldly roped comb, fitted at its rear with two broad neck-lames and at each side, by means of replaced common pivots, with a grotesque visor and bevor in each case secured at the right by a springcatch, the visor embossed in high relief with eyes, a hooked nose, projecting moustache and mouth caricaturing a Turkish warrior, the moustache emphasised by engraved hairs and the eyes set beneath the stepped and roped vision-slits forming the warrior’s eyebrows, and the bevor flanged outwards at its lower edge to form a neck-guard 30cm; 10 3/4in

164

Provenance Gimbel Bothers, New York, 4th December 1942 JWHA Inv. No. 2702.1 Exhibited Sonya Hemlin, WGBH Television, Boston, 10-12 January 1968 Lowe Museum, Miami, Florida, 1 December 1979-13 January 1980 ‡ £3000-5000


293

294

293 A SOUTH GERMAN COMB MORION, NUREMBERG, CIRCA 1580, WITH LATER ETCHED DECORATION with rounded one-piece crown rising to a high roped medial comb, and integral brim turned down at each side and rising to an obtuse point front and rear, the edge of the brim formed with a roped inward turn accompanied by a recessed border struck within its right rear end with the quality-control mark of the city of Nuremberg (the right of the brim cracked and each side of it pierced with a later wiring-hole), and the base of the crown encircled by fifteen (originally sixteen) round-headed lining-rivets with rosette washers of iron (one missing), etched to either side of the crown with a circular cartouche enclosing at the left and right respectively the Sacrifice of Isaac and a mounted huntsman, and overlaying in each case a design of alternating bands of arabesque interlace and scrolling foliage inhabited by birds, the latter repeated on the comb and the brim, and in the former case involving at each side an oval cartouche enclosing at the left and right respectively a drummer and a soldier holding a banner, the etching in all cases set against a blackened ground, in part stippled 25.5cm; 10in

294 A SOUTH GERMAN COMB MORION, NUREMBERG, CIRCA 1580, WITH LATER ETCHED DECORATION with rounded one-piece crown rising to a high roped medial comb, and integral brim turned down at each side and rising to an obtuse point front and rear, the latter struck at its right with the quality-control mark of the city of Nuremberg, the edge of the brim formed with a roped inward turn and the base of the crown encircled by sixteen round-headed lining-rivets and brass rosette-washers retaining a quilted lining (replaced) of wool covered with faded crimson velvet, etched to either side of the crown with a strapwork cartouche enclosing at the left and right respectively a coat of arms depicting a demi-lion rampant in chief separated by a fess from a hunting horn in base, and a cherub riding a dolphin, overlaying in each case an overall pattern of scrolling foliage on a stippled and blackened ground, repeated on the comb and the brim, in the former case involving at each side an oval cartouche enclosing at the right and left respectively a female nude accompanied by fabulous birds of prey and a mermaid accompanied by dolphins (the left of the helmet showing several small brazed repairs, the crest of the comb bruised, and the brim pierced at each side with a later wiring-hole) 23.0cm; 9in

Provenance Clapp & Graham Co. Inc., 514 Madison Avenue, New York, 7th May 1930 JWHA Inv. No. 1078

Provenance Parke-Bernet Galleries Inc., New York, 13th December 1950, lot 1208

Exhibited Assumption College, Worcester, Massachusetts, 1 May-27 June 1961

JWHA Inv. No. 2898

Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C., 1 February 1979 Schenectady Museum, New York, 4 June-13 September 1979 Literature Ida Sinkevic (ed.), Knightsin Shining Armor, Myth and Reality, 1450-1650, Allentown, Pennsylvania, 2006, p. 28

Exhibited Denholme & McKay Co, 22 April-5 May 1952 Wonder Workshop, Bridgeport, Connecticut, 19 February-28 June 1954 ‡ £1000-1500

‡ £1200-1600

165


295

296

295 A SOUTH GERMAN COMB MORION, CIRCA 1600-20 with rounded two-piece crown joined along the crest of a high medial comb, and integral brim turned down at each side and rising to an acute point front and rear, the edge of the brim formed with a plain inward turn (each side of the brim pierced with a later wiring-hole and the turn at the left with slight cracks), and the base of the crown encircled by eight (originally ten) round-headed lining-rivets with brass rosette-washer and fitted at the nape with a later plume-holder, the surface of the helmet blackened overall 25.5cm;10in

296 A BLACK-AND-WHITE COMB MORION, EARLY 20TH CENTURY IN THE NORTH GERMAN STYLE OF THE LATE 16TH CENTURY with rounded two-piece crown joined along the crest of a high roped medial comb, and integral brim turned down at each side and rising to an acute point front and rear, the edge of the brim formed with a roped inward turn (accompanied at each side by a small wiring-hole), and the crown encircled at its base by ten round-headed lining-rivets with brass rosettewasher, decorated in relief at each side of the crown with a fleur-de-lis encircled by stylised acanthus foliage, and at each side of the comb with radiating lobes, burnished bright in both cases against a blackened ground 29.0cm; 11 1/2in

Provenance Angelo Peyron, Florence, Italy, sold Savoy Art & Auction Galleries, New York, 4th November 1954, lot 131

Exhibited Choate School, Wallingford, Connecticut, 29 March-May 1961

Provenance Stated to be from The Armoury of Archduke Eugen, Fortress Hohenwerfen, Salzburg, Austria, sold Anderson Galleries, New York, 1st - 5th March 1927

‡ £700-900

J. Glueckselig & Sohn, Vienna, 1st December 1936

JWHA Inv. No. 3069.1

JWHA Inv. No. 2383 ‡ £350-500 297 A SOUTH GERMAN COMB MORION, CIRCA 1600-20 with rounded two-piece crown joined along the crest of a high medial comb (split at front), and integral brim turned down at each side and rising to an acute point front and rear (the front cracked and pierced with small wiring-holes), the edge of the brim formed with a plain inward turn and the base of the crown encircled by ten round-headed lining-rivets with brass rosette-washer retaining the greater part of a leather liningband, the surface of the helmet blackened overall 26.5cm;10 1/2in

297

Provenance The Armoury of Archduke Eugen, Fortress Hohenwerfen, Salzburg, Austria, sold Anderson Galleries, New York, 1st - 5th March 1927, lot 139 JWHA Inv. No. 146 ‡ £700-900

166


299 298 298 A SOUTH GERMAN COMB MORION, NUREMBERG, CIRCA 1580-90 with rounded one-piece crown rising to a high roped medial comb, and integral brim strongly turned down at each side and rising to an obtuse point front and rear, the edge of the brim formed with a roped inward turn accompanied by a recessed border struck within its left rear end with the quality-control mark of the city of Nuremberg (each side of the brim pierced with a later wiring-hole), and the base of the crown encircled by twelve holes for lining-rivets (missing) 28cm; 11in Provenance William Randolph Hearst, sold Gimbel Brothers, New York, 31st October 1941

300 A SOUTH GERMAN BLACK-AND-WHITE COMB MORION, CIRCA 1600-20 with rounded two-piece crown joined along the crest of a high roped medial comb, and integral brim turned down at each side and rising to an acute point front and rear, the edge of the brim formed with a notched inward turn (chipped at the right and accompanied by a small wiring-hole at each side), and the crown encircled at its base by ten round-headed lining-rivets with brass rosette-washer and decorated at each side with a raised band burnish bright, like the comb, against an otherwise blackened ground (slightly worn) 23.5cm; 9 1/4in Provenance Fenton & Sons Ltd, London, 8th July 1954

JWHA Inv. No. 2639

JWHA Inv. No. 1404

Exhibited Charleston Art Gallery of Sunrise, Charleston, West Virginias, January-1 May 1975

‡ £800-1000

‡ £1000-1300 299 AN ITALIAN MORION, CIRCA 1600 with two-piece almond-shaped crown rising to a short stalk, integral brim, the base of the skull encircled with ten roundheaded lining-rivets with brass rosette-washer, retaining a portion of a leather lining-band, and the surface of the helmet blackened overall 23.5cm; 9 1/4in Provenance Anderson Galleries Inc., New York, 11th February 1928, lot 342 JWHA Inv. No. 443 ‡ £400-600

300

167


301

302

301 A GERMAN ZISCHÄGGE, MID-17TH CENTURY with one-piece hemispherical skull embossed with six radiating ribs and fitted at its apex with a transversely-pierced finial and circular washer, at its brow with a flat obtuselypointed peak, at its nape with a flaring neck-guard of four lames, and at each side with a pair of pendent scutiform cheek-pieces each pierced with seven circular auditory holes in rosette-formation, the peak struck on its underside with three groups of five dots and a further single dot, and pierced at its rear with a rectangular hole to accommodate a sliding nasalbar struck on its leaf-shaped upper terminal with the letter L and retained by a staple and locking-screw at the brow, the main edges of the helmet formed with plain inward turns and its surfaces showing a mottle patina overall 22.5cm; 8 1/2in high

302 A ZISCHÄGGE, EARLY 20TH CENTURY IN THE MID-17TH CENTURY POLISH STYLE with one-piece hemispherical skull embossed with six radiating ribs and fitted at its apex with a transversely-pierced finial and rosette-shaped washer, at its brow with a flat obtusely-pointed peak pierced at its rear with a rectangular hole to accommodate a sliding nasal-bar, at its nape with a flaring neck-guard of four lames, at each side with backwarddirected fan-shaped ‘wings’ decoratively fretted between radiating ribs, and below them with a pair of pendent scutiform cheek-pieces each pierced with five circular auditory-holes in rosette-formation, the main edges of the helmet formed with plain inward turns and its surfaces coloured black except on the ‘wings’ which are burnished bright 41cm; 16in high

Provenance Fenton & Sons Ltd, London, 8th July 1926

Provenance JWHA Inv. No. 1048

JWHA Inv. No. 786

Similar helmets were sold by Ernst Schmidt of Munich about 1930 (E. A. Mowbray, 1966, p. 9, pl. 84, no. 554)

‡ £900-1200

‡ £200-350

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304

303

303 A GERMAN ZISCHÄGGE , MID-17TH CENTURY with one-piece hemispherical skull embossed with six radiating ribs and fitted at its apex with a transversely-pierced finial and circular washer (the latter pierced with a later hole), at its brow with a flat obtusely-pointed peak, at its nape with a flaring neck-guard of four lames, and at each side with a pair of pendent scutiform cheek-pieces (the left partly detached) each pierced with five circular auditory-holes in a cross-formation, the peak struck on its underside with a series of short lines and crosses, and pierced at its rear with a rectangular hole to accommodate a sliding nasal-bar struck on its leaf-shaped upper terminal with the letter M and retained by a staple and lockingscrew at the brow, the main edges of the helmet formed with plain inward turns and its surfaces coloured black overall 26.5cm; 10 1/2in high Provenance The Armoury of Archduke Eugen, Fortress Hohenwerfen, Salzburg, Austria, sold Anderson Galleries, New York, 1st - 5th March 1927 JWHA Inv. No. 173

304 A GERMAN ZISCHÄGGE, MID-17TH CENTURY with one-piece hemispherical skull embossed with six radiating ribs and fitted at its apex with a transversely-pierced finial and circular washer, at its brow with a flat obtuselypointed peak, at its nape with a flaring neck-guard of four lames, and at each side with a pair of pendent scutiform cheek-pieces (the right partly detached) each pierced with seven circular auditory holes in rosette-formation, the peak pierced at its rear with a rectangular hole to accommodate a sliding nasal-bar struck on its leaf-shaped upper terminal with the number 3 and retained by a staple and locking-screw at the brow, the main edges of the helmet formed with plain inward turns and its surfaces coloured black overall 27.5cm; 10 3/4in high Provenance The Armoury of Archduke Eugen, Fortress Hohenwerfen, Salzburg, Austria, sold Anderson Galleries, New York, 1st - 5th March 1927 JWHA Inv. No. 190 ‡ £900-1200

‡ £900-1200

169


305

305 A CLOSE HELMET, 19TH CENTURY IN THE SOUTH GERMAN STYLE OF ABOUT 1510 with rounded one-piece skull formed with a low medial keel made up of three near contiguous ridges each enclosed by a pair of incised lines and decorated, in the case of the central one, with file-roping, the nape fitted with an inverted L-shaped bracket pierce at its distal end with a circular hole, and visor and bevor attached to the skull by common pivots with slotted and radially incised heads, both the visor and bevor secured at their right sides by a pierced stud and swivel-hook, the hook of the visor issuing from a moulded lifting-peg and its stud forming part of a spring-catch, the blunt ‘sparrows-beak’ visor with lobated rear terminals and three rows of circular and rectangular ventilationholes, decorated in low relief on the upper surface of its ‘beak’, just below its stepped vision-slits, with stylised eyes, nose and mouth, at its upper edge with ‘Wolf’s tooth” ornament, and at its lower edge with scalloping and punched trios of dots, the bevor fitted at the chin with a transversely-pierced staple, perhaps for the attachment of a reinforce, and pierced over each ear with five holes in a cross-formation, and the skull and bevor each formed at its lower edge with an inward-directed and file-roped flange designed to lock over and rotate on the upper edge of the collar 24.5cm; 9 3/4in

170

Provenance American Art Association, Anderson Galleries, New York, 10th12th December 1936, lot 424 JWHA Inv. No. 2429 Similar helmets, in some cases of a size for a boy, and possibly made in Munich in the late 19th century, were to be found in the collections of Edwin J. Brett [Brett 1984, pl. XLVII,4] sold Christie’s, March 1985; Consul Leiden collection sold Cologne, 19-21 June 1924, lot 109; Carl Otto von Kienbusch [Kienbusch 1963, pl. 67], now Philadelphia Museum of Art; and Sir Edward Barry sold Sotheby’s 5th July 1965, lot 97) ‡ £2000-3500


306

307

306 AN ENGLISH FUNERARY HELMET, LATE 17TH CENTURY, INCORPORATING EARLIER ELEMENTS with rounded two-piece skull rising to a low medial comb, separate nape-plate, fixed peak from a mid-17th century harquebusier’s pot, bevor and deep one-piece gorget plates front and rear, the latter originally forming an early 17th century pikeman’s collar and formed at its main edges with plain inward turns accompanied in the case of the lower of them by a recessed border, the peak and bevor connected by five vertical bars forming a prognathous face-guard, and the skull fitted at its apex with a pair of rivets formerly serving to retain a spike for the attachment an heraldic crest (heavily pitted and painted black overall; the gorget-plates and the centre of the peak showing rust-perforations) 37cm; 14 1/2in

307 AN ENGLISH FUNERARY CLOSE HELMET, LATE 17TH CENTURY, INCORPORATING EARLIER ELEMENTS with rounded two-piece skull joined medially by an overlapped and riveted join, fitted at its apex with a distally-pierced vertical rod for the attachment of an heraldic crest, at its rear with a separate nape-plate, and at its front with a visor, upper bevor and bevor attached by common pivots, the forward-projecting visor pierced with a pair of vision-slits and the upper bevor pierced at each side with nine circular ventilation-holes in rosette formation, and deep one-piece gorget-plates front and rear originally forming an early 17th century pikeman’s collar, the rear one possibly of early 17th century Greenwich make and decorated with cascaded bands and borders occupied by decorative round-headed rivets, and the rear one later decorated en suite with it (the helmet pitted and blackened overall, the left of the crown, the centre of the bevor and the right of the rear gorget-plate repaired with internal patches) 59cm; 23 1/4in

Provenance Henry Griffiths Keasby, sold American Art Association, New York, 5th-6th December 1924, lot 119

JWHA Inv. No. 574

Provenance Anderson Galleries Inc., New York, 13th December 1931, lot 127

‡ £400-600

JWHA Inv. No. 194

Sumner Healey, New York, 30th April 1929

‡ £400-600

171


308

308 AN ENGLISH OR FLEMISH CLOSE HELMET, MID-16TH CENTURY, CONVERTED TO FUNERARY USE IN ENGLAND IN THE 17TH CENTURY with one-piece skull rising to a high roped medial comb, fitted at its apex with a distally-pierced vertical rod for the attachment of an heraldic crest, and at its front with a pivoted bevor contemporarily patched at its upper rear corners and fitted with a pivoted, forward-sloping visor pierced with a single broad, stepped and roped vision-slit, and deep onepiece gorget-plates front and rear, originally constituting an early 17th century pikeman’s collar and each formed at its lower edge with a plain inward-turn accompanied by a recessed borders (the helmet heavily pitted and blackened overall, and showing large rust-perforations at the left of the skull and the right of the bevor) 43.5cm; 17 1/4in Provenance Cyril Andrade Ltd, London Sumner Healey, New York, 30th April 1929, no. 1 JWHA Inv. No. 575 ‡ £350-450

309

309 A FRENCH OR FLEMISH SKULL OF A BURGONET, CIRCA 1620-30 of two-piece construction joined medially by an overlapped and riveted join, projecting forward to a down-turned obtuselypointed integral peak pierced at its rear with a slot to accommodate a missing nasal-bar, flanged outwards at its rear to receive a deep one-piece gorget-plate, fitted at each side with a fragmentary hinge for the attachment of a cheek-piece and at its apex and the nape respectively with a later finial and plume-holder, each of brass, the main edges of both the peak and gorget-plate formed with file-roped edges, the skull decorated with a series of shallow V-shaped flutes radiating from a central group of embossed concentric circles, emphasised in each case by incised lines and roping, and on the gorget-plate with a large rosette surrounded by trios of punched circles and pairs of incised lines (the skull extensively perforated by corrosion, the main edges of the peak and neckguard bruised in places) 24cm; 9 1/2in Provenance Dr. Bashford Dean, Riverdale, New York, sold Parke-Bernet Galleries, 26th October 1950 JWHA Inv. No. 2876 ‡ £150-250

172


310

310 A NORTH ITALIAN SKULL OF A CLOSE HELMET, CIRCA 1560-70; A NORTH ITALIAN OR FLEMISH SKULL OF A CLOSE HELMET, CIRCA 1560 AND A SOUTH GERMAN SKULL OF A BURGONET, NUREMBERG, CIRCA 1580-90 of one-piece construction rising to a high roped medial comb flanked to either side by a pair of divergent roped ribs, its rear flanged outwards to receive a single gorget-plate decorated at its upper edge with a pair of incised lines, and its sides pierced over small auditory holes with a pair of larger holes for the attachment of missing visor-pivots; the second similar to the last except that it lacks a gorget-plate, auditory holes and decorative roped ribs but is fitted at its nape, beneath a pair of holes for the attachment of a missing plume-holder, with a series of lining rivets and brass rosette-washers (with some cracks and perforations, and a mottled patina overall); and the third of one-piece construction rising to a high roped medial comb (enclosed to either side by a series of later holes), boxed at each side, projecting forward to an obtusely-pointed integral

peak formed at its main edge with a roped turn accompanied by a recessed border struck with the quality-control mark of the city of Nuremberg, flanged outwards at its rear to receive a missing neck-defence and cut away at each side to receive a missing cheek-piece (heavily patinated overall and showing several cracks and perforations) the first 27cm; 10 3/4in; the second 25.5cm; 10in; the third 25cm; 10in (3) Provenance The first and third: Dr. Bashford Dean, Riverdale, New York, 28th September 1929 The second: George L. Maxwell, sold Anderson Galleries, New York, 28th November 1928, lot 164 JWHA Inv. Nos. 885, 648 & 888 ‥ £300-500

173


311

311 A SALLET, 19TH CENTURY IN THE LATE 15TH CENTURY GERMAN STYLE with rounded one-piece skull rising to a low broad medial keel, projecting backwards over the nape as a short pointed ‘tail’, and fitted at the front with a full visor attached at each side by a pivot with a quatrefoil head, the crown pierced at its apex with two pairs of lace-holes and encircled at its base by nine lining-rivets surmounted at each side by a pair of rivets (one in each case missing) for the attachment of chin-straps, and the visor pierced with a single broad vision-slit projecting forward beneath its lower edge as a prominent ‘lip’, and secured to the skull at each side by a spring-catch, the lower edge of both elements formed with a plain outward turn 20.5cm; 8in Provenance Stated to have been in the collection of Ralph Bernal, London, sold by auction 1955 Frank Gair Macomber, Boston, Massachusetts, sold American Art Association, Anderson Galleries, New York, 10th-12th December1936, lot 391 JWHA Inv. No. 2424 Exhibited Oneida County Junior Museum, Utica, New York, 11 September 1967-8 January 1968 ‘The Triumphal Arch of ‘Maximilian I’, Sterling and Francine Clark Art Institute, Williamstown, Massachusetts, 17 October30 November 1980 ‡ £400-700

174

312

312 A KETTLE-HAT BY ERNST SCHMIDT OF MUNICH, BEFORE 1929, IN THE MID-15TH CENTURY GERMAN STYLE formed in one piece with a low crown flaring to its domed and medially-ridge apex, and a broad brim slightly turned down at the front and rear, the base of the crown encircled by twelve dome-headed lining-rivets and the brim formed with a plain inward turn 18.5cm; 7 1/4in Provenance Ernst Schmidt, Munich, 9th November 1929 JWHA Inv. No. 1009 Exhibited Detroit Institute of Art, 17 March 1948 Similar helmets are shown in a catalogue of the stock of Ernst Schmidt dating from about 1910. See E. A. Mowbray, 1966, pl. 34, no.137 & pl. 84, no. 539 ‡ £350-500


313

314

313 AN ELECTROTYPE COPY OF AN ITALIAN BURGONET WITH EMBOSSED AND CHASED DECORATION, THE ORIGINAL MILANESE, CIRCA 1560-5 of one-piece construction rising to a high medial comb, projecting forward and backwards respectively as an obtusely pointed peak and a matching neck-guard, the latter stuck at its left side with an indistinct inscription surrounding the crowned Wittelsbach arms, and cut out between them to receive missing cheek-pieces, the left and right of the crown respectively decorated with scenes depicting the Raising of Helen and the Judgement of Paris, the comb with trophies of arms, and the edges of the peak and neck-guard with scrolls 28.5cm; 11 1/4in

314 AN ARMET IN THE WESTERN EUROPEAN STYLE OF CIRCA 1530 with rounded two-piece skull rising to a low boldly roped comb and fitted at its lower edge with two short gorget-plates, at its nape with a large plume-holder, at each side with hinged cheek-pieces fastening to one another at the chin and in each case flanged outwards at its lower edge to form an integral gorget-plate, a visor formed with a stepped pair of vision-slits and a markedly concave upper bevor pierced at each side with four diagonal ventilation-slots, the last two elements attached by common pivots, the first of them decorated at its rear terminals with patterns of rivets, and the second of them secured at the right of the chin by a spring-catch, and the skull and cheek-pieces each fitted with a lining of canvas stuffed with wool and faced with buff-leather 26cm; 10 1/4in

Provenance Würtembergische Metalwarenfabrik, Geislingen, No. 8329, 20th May 1930 JWHA Inv. No. 1082 The helmet is copied from that preserved in the Deutsches Historisches Museum, Berlin, Inv. No. W 1004-5.Its decoration is taken from the engravings of Jean Mignon (active at Fontainebleau between 1537 and 1547 to circa 1556), after Luca Penni (1500-1556). See J.A. Godoy & S. Leydi, 2003, pp. 154-5 & 435-7, figs 16-19.

Provenance Henry Furmage, London, 21st April 1931 JWHA Inv. No. 1466 ‡ £350-500

‡ £200-300

175


315

315 A ‘HOUNSKULL’ BASINET, 19TH CENTURY IN THE ITALIAN STYLE OF THE LATE 14TH CENTURY with tall conical skull struck three times at its right with the mark of a crowned Lombardic V, pierced around its lower edge and face-opening with holes for the attachment of vervelles and a lining, and fitted with a pivoted visor of ‘hounskull’ form with boxed diagonal slits over the eyes and mouth, and small circular ventilation-holes beneath the latter and the projecting snout, the arms of the visor connected to their pivots by hinges with removable pins (that at the left missing) which would originally have been connected by chains-guards to pierced staples riveted to either side of the skull just behind the pivots 30.5cm; 12in

176

Provenance Frank Gair Macomber, Boston, Massachusetts, sold American Art Association, Anderson Galleries, New York, 10th-12th December 1936, lot 457 JWHA Inv. No. 2434 The helmet can be compared to some made near Paris about 1890. See Laking 1920-2, Vol. V, pp. 144-6, figs 1567-8 ‡ £350-450


316

316 A STEEL TARGET WITH EMBOSSED AND GOLDDAMASCENED DECORATION, 19TH CENTURY IN THE ITALIAN STYLE OF THE SECOND HALF OF THE 16TH CENTURY of convex circular form rising slightly at its centre to a fluted ogival finial, formed peripherally with a boldly roped inward turn accompanied by a broad recessed border, fitted at its rear with a rectangular frame of iron for the attachment of enarmes and a lining, and finely embossed, chased and damascened in gold on its front surface, around a central rosette, with classical warriors in lively combat and, in its borders, with trophies of arms and grotesque masks 68cm; 27 3/4in diameter

Provenance Frank Gair Macomber, Boston, Massachusetts, sold American Art Association, Anderson Galleries, New York, 10th-12th December1936, lot 471 JWHA Inv. No. 2439 Exhibited Art Gallery of Sunrise, Charleston, West Virginia, January to 1 May 1975 Holy Cross College, Worcester, Massachusetts, 26-9 September 1975 Lowe Art Museum, Miami, Florida, 1 December 1979-13 January 1980 ‡ £4000-£5000

177


317

317 AN ITALIAN SHOT-PROOF STEEL TARGET, SECOND HALF OF THE 16TH CENTURY, WITH LATER EMBOSSED, ETCHED, GILT AND SILVER-ENCRUSTED DECORATION of convex circular form rising markedly at its centre to a hole for a missing finial, formed peripherally with a boldly roped inward turn accompanied by a broad recessed border, struck with the proof-mark of a bullet, fitted at its rear with a grip and the remains of an enarme in each case etched and gilt with foliate ornament, and finely decorated on its front surface between panels of silver-encrusted dots with radiating bands and a border of gilt foliate interlace involving cartouches occupied by trophies and masks 61cm; 24in diameter

Provenance Frédéric Spitzer, Paris, sold Anderson Galleries, New York, 9th12th January 1929, lot 669 JWHA Inv. No. 699 Exhibited Rensselaer County Junior Museum, Troy, New York, FebruaryApril 1959 Schenectady Museum, Schenectady, New York, 4 June-13 September 1979 The shield matches a close helmet formerly in the Spitzer collection. See E. Molinier & A. Giraude, 1892, Paris, no. 91, p. 20, pl. 32 ‡ £3500-£5000

178


318

318 AN ENGLISH SHOT-PROOF STEEL TARGET OF NOTABLE WEIGHT, 17TH CENTURY of convex oval form, fitted at its centre with a low rosetteshaped boss and pierced at its upper end, just below the proof-mark of a bullet, with a flanged horizontal vision-slit, the flanged edge of the target turned outwards at its upper end to form a loop, cut with a horizontal slot at it right side and notched at its lower end, its rear fitted with a quilted lining of buff-leather and the remains of a pair of enarmes 59.5cm; 23 1/2in high Provenance Sir Samuel Rush Meyrick, Goodrich Court, Herefordshire Leonard Brassey, Apethorpe Hall, Northamptonshire, sold Christie’s, 21st February 1923, lot 152, purchased by Dr Bashford Dean acting on behalf of Clarence Mackay of Long Island, New York (Cat. No. C-32) William Randolph Hearst, sold Gimbel Brothers, New York, 31st October 1941

Literature Sir Samuel Rush Meyrick & Joseph Skelton, Engraved Illustrations of Ancient Arms and Armour from the Collection at Goodrich Court, Herefordshire, Vol. I, London, 1830, pl. LXV, 1 J. R. Planché, Catalogue of the Armour and Miscellaneous Objects of Art Known as the Meyrick Collection…exhibited at the South Kensington Museum, London, 1869, Cat. No. 866 Exhibited South Kensington Museum (now the Victoria & Albert Museum), London, 1869-71 The shield can be compared with one from the armoury of the Earls of Warwick at Warwick Castle (Francis Grose, Military Antiquities respecting a History of the English Army from the Conquest to the Present Time, Vol. II, London, 1812, p. 358, plate 48) sold in these rooms on 25 June 2008, lot 345. Its weight suggests that it was intended for siege use. ‡ £1200-1600

JWHA Inv. No. 2668

179


319

319 A STEEL TARGET WITH EMBOSSED DECORATION, 19TH CENTURY IN THE ITALIAN STYLE OF THE SECOND HALF OF THE 16TH CENTURY of convex circular form rising to a large boss at its centre, formed at its edge with a plain inward turn, and fitted at its rear with four large copper-plated rivets for the attachment of enarmes, its surfaces embossed in high relief overall with a representat, in its central boss, of St George and the Dragon flanked by coats-of-arms and, around it, in four panels of which the upper and lower ones representation the siege of Troy, and the other two, classical warriors in combat amid scrolling foliage, mask and fabulous beasts 60.5cm; 23 3/4in diameter

180

Provenance Giulia Morosini, sold by the American Art Association, New York, 10th-15th October 1932, lot 278 JWHA Inv. No. 1812 Exhibited Sanger Bros, Dallas,Texas, 25 September-14 November 1956 Lowe Art Museum, Miami, Florida, 1 December 1979-13 January 1980 Plymouth State College, Plymouth, New Hampshire, 2-24 April 1984 ‥ £1500-2500


320

320 AN ENGLISH ELECTROTYPE COPY OF A PARADE SHIELD BY M. MOREL-LADEUIL, LATE 19TH CENTURY IN THE FRENCH OR FLEMISH STYLE OF CIRCA 1560 of slightly convex oval form, composed of several separate panels of copper, in some cases silvered, joined by screws with star-shaped heads, decorated overall with embossed and chased ornament involving in the central panel the Expulsion of Adam and Eve from the Garden of Eden, and elsewhere, within a pattern of foliate strapwork, with God, St Michael vanquishing the Devil, the Fall of the Angels and other religious subjects, incised at it lower right border with the signature ‘M. Morel-Ladeuil’, and struck within its upper edge with the characters ‘L.1287’ and four goldsmith’s marks, just above the seal of Elkington & Co Ltd of Birmingham involving at its centre the cipher of Queen Victoria 86cm; 33 3/4in diameter

321

321 A EUROPEAN SHOT-PROOF STEEL TARGET OF NOTABLE WEIGHT, 17TH CENTURY, WITH LATER PAINTED DECORATION of strongly convex oval form, later altered to a display-piece by flattening its outward-flanged edge, plugging the rivet-holes for the attachment of its enarmes and lining, painting its front, in gold on a blackened ground, with a male bust in profile beneath the inscription IOSEPHA D.G.R.I., and fitting it at the rear with a staple for suspension 61.5cm; 23 1/4in high Provenance Dr. Bashford Dean, Riverdale, New York, 1st July 1954 JWHA Inv. No. 931 ‡ £700-1000

Provenance Anderson Galleries Inc., New York, 11th February 1928, lot 214 JWHA Inv. No. 436 Exhibited Holy Cross College, Worcester, Massachusetts, 27-8 September 1968 The shield relates to a well-known group of armours and elements of them referred to the so-called ‘Louvre School’. See G.F. Laking 1920-2, Vol. 4, figs 1321-4; and B. Thomas, 1973, figs 4-9 ‡ £300-£500

181


322

322 A STEEL TARGET WITH EMBOSSED AND COPPERDAMASCENED DECORATION, 19TH CENTURY IN THE ITALIAN STYLE OF THE 16TH CENTURY of angular comma-shaped outline, fitted around it edges with applied strips of steel retained by rivets with prominent pyramid-shaped heads, and to either side with a pair of large round-headed screws retaining, at the rear, the fragmentary remains of leather enarmes, the front decorated at its centre with a trapezoidal panel occupied by four copper-damascened fleur-de-lis, and enclosed to the top, sides and bottom, respectively, by a dog’s head, a pair of wings and a ladder, the last forming the device of the Italian hero Can Grande della Scala, and in each case embossed and chased in high relief on a diaper pattern of copper-damascened quatrefoils, and the lower end decorated with a copper-damascened coronet on a pointillé ground (some light patination and wear throughout) 75.5cm; 29 3/4in diameter

182

Provenance Giulia Morosini, sold by the American Art Association, New York, 10th-15th October 1932, lot 181 JWHA Inv. No. 1875 Exhibited Holy Cross College, Worcester, Massachusetts, 26-29 September1975 Beaumont Museum, Beaumont, Texas, 5 December, 5 December 1977-23 January 1978 Monmouth Museum, Monmouth, New Jersey, 27 February-6 May 1978 Schenectady Museum, Schenectady, New York, 4 June 13 September 1979 ‡ £2000-3000


323

323 A STEEL TARGET BY ERNST SCHMIDT OF MUNICH, BEFORE 1931, IN THE GERMAN STYLE OF THE EARLY 17TH CENTURY of slightly convex circular form, fitted at its centre with a stout pyramidal spike, around its outward-flanged edge with a series of round-headed lining-rivets retaining large brass rosette washers, and to either side of the spike with two pairs of rivets for the attachment of enarmes, the bottom of the shield engraved beneath the date 1625 with a quartered coat-ofarms, showing in the first and four quarters a ram, and in the second and third quarters with a bend charged with three conical devices 63cm; 24 3/4in diameter Provenance Ernst Schmidt, Munich, 3rd December 1931 JWHA Inv. No. 1711 Exhibited Holy Cross College, Worcester, Massachusetts, 26-8 September 1968 and 26-7 September 1969 The design of the shield is stated to have been based on that of the ‘Loffelholz’ example belonging to the Bayerisches National Museum, Munich. ‡ £250-400

324

324 A GERMAN PAVISE BY LORENZE KILIAN, BEFORE 1919, IN THE GERMAN OR BOHEMIAN STYLE OF THE LATE 15TH CENTURY AND A GERMAN PAVISE BY LORENZE KILIAN, BEFORE 1919, IN THE GERMAN OR BOHEMIAN STYLE OF THE LATE 15TH CENTURY the first of sub-rectangular outline with rounded upper corners and a gutter-shaped medial ridge, formed of wood covered at the front and rear respectively with leather and canvas, the former painted on a dark red ground with a border of green enclosed within a black line, and at the centre of its medial ridge with a shield bearing a pattern of blue and white lozenges, the Wittelsbach arms, all on a dark red ground (the left side of the medial ridge cracked and the whole scuffed and discoloured throughout); the second similar to the last but with less rounded upper corners and tapering to its lower end, its front painted on a black ground, within a white border, with a large white prancing horse, the arms of Hanover (the rear braced with a pair of transverse metallic struts, and the whole scuffed and discoloured throughout) the first: 72cm; 28 1/4in high. Provenance Ernst Schmidt, Munich, 1st July 1954 JWHA Inv. No. 1013 & 1004 Exhibited The first lent to Howard W.Bennett, Boston, Massachusetts, 6-13 November 1962 ‡ £300-500

183


325

325 A NORTH ITALIAN INFANTRY BREASTPLATE, CIRCA 1520, WITH LATER ETCHED AND GILT DECORATION formed of a globose medially-ridged main plate flanged outwards at it lower edge to receive a missing fauld and fitted at its arm-openings with a movable gusset in each case possessing a boldly-roped inward turn en suite with that of its broad nearly straight neck-opening, the main plate etched and gilt on a blackened ground (now partly worn) with bands of lozenge-shape interlace connected at intervals by chain-links, and the gussets similarly decorated with a continuous pattern of such links (the main plate pierced just above the waist with a later pair of holes and its flange cracked at the right) 34.5cm; 13 1/2in

184

Provenance Dr. Bashford Dean, Riverdale, New York, 1st July 1954 JWHA Inv. No. 799 Exhibited ‘Faerie Tale Festival of Trees’, Berkshire Museum, Pittsfield, Massachusetts, 19 November-31 December 2005 ‡ £1500-£1800


326 A COMPOSITE NORTH ITALIAN INFANTRY CUIRASS, CIRCA 1590-1600, WITH LATER ETCHED DECORATION comprising breastplate of late ‘peascod’ fashion, and backplate, each made in one piece and formed with file-roped inward turns at its neck and arm openings (the left armopening of the latter cracked), and flanged outwards at it lower edge, in the case of the former, pierced with rivet-holes for the attachment of a missing fauld and tassets, and in that of the latter formed at its edge with a plain inward turn, the surfaces of each piece later etched around the neck and in seven diverging vertical bands with classical ornament involving foliate strapwork, trophies, fabulous beasts and, in cartouches, human subjects and busts, in all cases executed on a stippled and blackened ground enclosed by narrower bands, partly cabled (lightly pitted and worn overall) 36.5cm; 14 1/2in Provenance Dr. Bashford Dean, Riverdale, New York, sold Parke-Bernet Galleries Inc, New York, 26th October 1950 JWHA Inv. No. 2871.a & b Exhibited Clark University Players, for use in their production of ‘Mary of Scotland’, 13-30 November 1953 ‘The Wonder Workshop’, Bridgeport, Connecticut, 19 February26 April 1954

326

‡ £2000-£3000

327 A NORTH ITALIAN LEFT PAULDRON, CIRCA 1590-1600, WITH LATER ETCHED DECORATION formed of nine lames, the uppermost of which is fitted at its apex with a buckle (replaced) serving to suspend it from an underlying collar, and the lowest pierced with a rectangular slot to accommodate the turning-pin of an accompanying vambrace, its main edges formed with file-roped inward turns and its surface later etched with bands and borders of classical ornament involving foliate strapwork, trophies and, in cartouches, human subjects and busts, in all cases executed on a stippled and blackened ground enclosed by narrower bands, partly cabled (one articulating-rivet broken out, the rear rusted) 31 cm; 12 1/4 in Provenance JWHA Inv. Nos. 2009.102 ‡ £600-900

327

185


328 A GERMAN INFANTRY BREASTPLATE, CIRCA 1550-60, WITH LATER BLACK-AND-WHITE DECORATION formed of a heavy medially-ridged main plate projecting forward over the belly, possessing a broad shallow neckopening, fitted at its arm-openings with movable gussets and flanged outwards at its lower edge to receive a fauld of two lames and a pair of integral tassets each of four lames (the first three of the right and all those of the left restored), the main edges of the breastplate formed with boldly roped inward turns and its surfaces later decorated with bright bands and borders on a blackened ground, the main bands in each case enclosed by narrower ones (the main plate patched at its left side) 61cm; 24in Provenance Liberty & Co Ltd, London, 20th August 1929 JWHA Inv. No. 770 ‡ £1000-£1400

328

329 A NORTH GERMAN BLACK-AND-WHITE INFANTRY BREASTPLATE, CIRCA 1570 formed of a heavy medially-ridged main plate projecting forward over the belly, possessing a broad moderately shallow neck-opening, fitted at its arm-openings with movable gussets (the right holed and the left fitted with a modern buckle), and flanged outwards at its lower edge to receive a fauld of one lame, its upper edge struck to the left of centre with three dots, and its main edges formed with file-roped inward turns accompanied by bright borders, of which that at the neckopening is of ogee form, set against a blackened ground 38cm; 15in Provenance Dr. Bashford Dean, Riverdale, New York, 28th September 1929 JWHA Inv. No. 801 ‡ £1200-£1500

329

186


330 A SOUTH GERMAN INFANTRY BREASTPLATE, CIRCA 1540, PROBABLY NUREMBERG formed of a medially-ridged main plate projecting forward over the belly, possessing a broad shallow neck-opening, fitted at its arm-openings with movable gussets, and at its lower edge with an associate waist-plate shaped above its connecting rivets and flanged outwards at its lower edge to receive a fauld of four lames (composite), the lowest of them cut with a shallow arch over the crotch, the edges of the neck-opening and the gussets formed with boldly roped inward turns and the upper edge of the main plate bordered by a narrow recessed band (the main plate patched at its lateral edges, the waist-plate cracked and patched along its angle, and the fauldlames patched at several points) 44.5cm; 17 1/2in Provenance William Randolph Hearst, sold Parke-Bernett Galleries Inc., New York 24th November 1939, lot 124 JWHA Inv. No. 2556 ‡ £1200-£1600

331 A SOUTH GERMAN INFANTRY BREASTPLATE, CIRCA 1560-70 formed of a medially-ridged main plate projecting forward over the belly, possessing a broad shallow neck-opening, fitted at its arm-openings with movable gussets, and flanged outwards at its lower edge to receive a missing fauld, its upper edge struck with an indistinct mark, the edges of its neck-opening and gussets formed with file-roped inward turns and its surfaces decorated with recessed bands and borders set within a formerly blackened ground 31.0cm; 12 1/4in

330

Provenance Giulia Morosini, sold by the American Art Association, New York, 10th-15th October 1932, lot 312 JWHA Inv. No. 1817 Exhibited Worcester Craft Free Public Library, Worcester, Massachusetts, 6-27 March 1952 Worcester Craft Centre, Worcester, Massachusetts, 27 March12 September 1952 Schenectady Museum, Schenectady, New York, 4 June-13 September 1979 ‡ £1200-£1500

331

187


332

332 A NORTH GERMAN SHOT-PROOF INFANTRY BREASTPLATE, CIRCA 1560-70 formed of a heavy medially-ridged main plate projecting forward over the belly, possessing a broad shallow neckopening, fitted at its arm-openings with movable gussets, struck at its left side, externally and internally respectively, with the proof-mark of a bullet and five wedge-shaped serial marks, and fitted at its lower edge with an rigidly-riveted associated waist-plate flanged outwards at its lower edge to receive a missing fauld, the edges of its neck-opening and gussets formed with file-roped inward turns accompanied in the case of the former by an ogee border formed of a trio of incised lines, and the border, gussets and waist-plate burnished bright against a later black-painted ground 33cm; 13in

188

Provenance Dr. Bashford Dean, Riverdale, New York, sold American Art Association, New York, 23rd November 1928 JWHA Inv. No. 602 ‡ £1200-£1500


333 AN ITALIAN INFANTRY BREASTPLATE, EARLY 16TH CENTURY, MODIFIED FOR LIGHT CAVALRY USE IN EASTERN EUROPE IN THE LATE 16TH CENTURY formed of a medially-ridged main plate with file-roped angular outward turns at its neck and arm-openings, and fitted at its lower edge with three upward-overlapping waist-lames of late ‘peascod’ fashion, the lowest of which is flanged outwards and formed with a file-roped inward turn 42.5cm; 16 3/4in Provenance Dr. Bashford Dean, Riverdale, New York, sold American Art Association, New York, 28th September 1928 JWHA Inv. No. 804 ‡ £1200-£1500

334 A EUROPEAN BREASTPLATE FOR SIEGE USE, CIRCA 1600 of great weight and formed in one piece in the ‘peascod fashion’, with a short flange at the waist and plain outward turns at its neck and arm-openings, each shoulder pierced with a pair of holes for the attachment of a shoulder-strap and its surface bearing the impact-marks of five bullets (showing a mottle pitting overall and some delamination of the metal) 37.0cm; 14 1/2in

333

Provenance Dr. Bashford Dean, Riverdale, New York, 28th September 1929 JWHA Inv. No. 796 ‡ £700-£1000

334

189


335 A GERMAN BREASTPLATE, LATE 17TH CENTURY of shot-proof weight and formed in one piece with a pronounced medial-rib and shallow V-shaped waistline, its narrow neck-opening, arm-openings and lower edge in each case flanged outwards and bordered by large stitch-holes, each side of the chest fitted with a mushroom-headed stud to receive the shoulder-strap of the accompanying backplate, and each side of the waist fitted with a hook to restrain a waistbelt, the surface of the piece blackened overall and struck at the lower end of its medial rib with the proof-mark of a bullet 37cm; 14 1/2in Provenance The Armoury of Archduke Eugen, Fortress Hohenwerfen, Salzburg, Austria, sold Anderson Galleries, New York, 1st - 5th March 1927, lot 937

335

JWHA Inv. No. 262 ‡ £300-£450

336 A GERMAN BREASTPLATE, LATE 17TH CENTURY of shot-proof weight and formed in one piece with a medialridge and shallow V-shaped waistline, its narrow neck-opening, its arm-openings and its lower edge in each case flanged outwards and bordered by large stitch-holes, each side of the chest fitted with a mushroom-headed stud to receive the shoulder-strap of the accompanying backplate, and each side of the waist, with a hook to restrain a waist-belt, its surface blackened overall and struck beneath the right arm-opening with an indistinct rectangular mark, at the upper end of the medial ridge with the letter ‘M’ and, below it, with the proofmark of a bullet 35cm; 13 3/4in

336

Provenance The Armoury of Archduke Eugen, Fortress Hohenwerfen, Salzburg, Austria, sold Anderson Galleries, New York, 1st - 5th March 1927, lot 937 JWHA Inv. No. 184 ‡ £300-£450

337 A GERMAN BACKPLATE, CIRCA 1600 formed in one piece with a broad centrally-cusped neckopening, shallow arm-openings and an outward-flanged lower edge, in each case formed with a file-roped inward turn formerly burnished bright to contrast with an otherwise overall black finish (refreshed), and retaining a pair of later shoulderstraps and part of a waist-belt of buff leather 37.5cm; 14 3/4in Provenance JWHA Inv. No. 2869.a

337

190

‡ £300-£450


338 THE UPPER PART OF A NORTH ITALIAN BACKPLATE WITH ETCHED DECORATION, CIRCA 1570-80 formed in one piece with a broad shallow neck-opening and semi-circular arm-openings (each of the latter now incomplete at their lower ends) in both cases formed with roped inward turns border by matching roped ribs, that at the neck diverging at its centre to form a pair of adorsed volutes in each case enclosing an etched classical bust, the remainder of the surface etched with bands and borders of trophies of arms on a stippled and blackened ground (pitted overall and with a ragged lower end) 25cm; 9 3/4in high.32cm; 12 1/2in wide Provenance Angelo Peyron, Florence, Italy, sold Savoy Art & Auction Galleries, New York, 4th November 1954, lot 579 JWHA Inv. No. 3084.21 ‡ £100-200

338

339 A EUROPEAN PARTIAL BACKPLATE AND CULET OF A CUIRASSIER’S ARMOUR, EARLY 17TH CENTURY the backplate, now comprising only its lower end, pierced with later rivet-holes at its upper edge and flanged outwards at its lower edge to receive an associated culet of five lames (partly disarticulated) attached by keyhole slots engaging, at its left and right ends respectively, a mushroom-headed stud and a turning-pin, and flaring to its lower end, the first lame of the culet boxed and the remainder formed in two medially-riveted halves, the main edges of both elements formed with plain inward turns, the backplate decorated at its centre with a pair of diverging incised lines, and the culet with single incised lines and patterns of round-headed brass rivets 35cm; 13 3/4in Provenance JWHA Inv. Nos. 1991.a & b ‡ £200-300

339

191


340

340 THE LEFT SIDE-PLATE OF A GERMAN BACKPLATE, CIRCA 1500; THE RIGHT SIDE-PLATE OF AN ITALIAN BACKPLATE, CIRCA 1510; THE UPPER CANNON OF AN ITALIAN LEFT VAMBRACE, CIRCA 1510-20; TWO ITALIAN COUTERS, CIRCA 1510; A FRAGMENTARY ITALIAN LEFT POLEYN, EARLY 16TH CENTURY; AND A LAME OF COUTER, PROBABLY ITALIAN LATE 15TH OR EARLY 16TH CENTURY the first with a concave upper edge bordered by two flutes (patchily patinated overall); the second similar to the last but taller and with a plain outward turn at its upper edge (much patched and extensively pitted overall); the third of tubular form, fitted at its upper edge with a boldly roped turner and at its lower edge with two short articulating-lames; the fourth nearly forming a pair, each made in one piece and of subrectangular outline, shaped to the point of the elbow and decorated at its upper and lower edges with a recessed border (heavily pitted overall with extensive rust-perforations); the fifth formed of the outside and part of the wing of its main lame and small fragments of the two articulating-lames below it (heavily patinated with ragged edges); and the sixth (heavily patinated with ragged edges) (6)

192

Provenance Dr. Bashford Dean, Riverdale, New York, 28th September 1929 JWHA Inv. Nos. 828.11, 3084.19, 927.26.a & b, 927.21 & 928.40 The poleyn and probably all other elements of this lot aside from the upper cannon were obtained in the 19th century from the armoury of the Knight of St John at Rhodes which fell to Turkish invaders in 1522 (see W. Karcheski and T. Richardson 2000, pp. 66-9, 114-16 & 129 for similar pieces from the Rhodes Armoury). The poleyn is illustrated in a photograph of the stock of the Parisian dealer Louis Bachereau, taken about 1919 (ibid., p. xiiii, fig.10) ‡ £400-700


341

341 THE MAIN PLATE OF A GERMAN ‘MAXIMILIAN’ BACKPLATE, CIRCA 1520-30; THE LOWEST LAME OF A ‘MAXIMILIAN’ CULET, CIRCA 1520-30; AND A FURTHER FOUR PIECES OF ARMOUR OF THE SAME FASHION, ONE CIRCA 1520 AND THE REMAINDER 19TH OR EARLY 20TH CENTURY the first with later-rounded upper corners, formed at its neck and arm-openings with boldly roped inward turns accompanied by double-recessed borders, later pierced towards its upper end with an internally-reinforced threaded hole, and at its lower edge with a series of rivet-holes, and decorated overall with a continuous pattern close-set flutes enclosed in each case by pairs of incised lines (some pitting and bruising); the second lacking its outer ends and formed with turns and borders similar to the last; the third comprising three fauldlames (two broken at their centres) and a saddle-steel (the latter and one fauld-lame patinated) (6)

Provenance The first: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, sold by Parke-Bernet Galleries Inc., New York, 1 November 1956, lot 174. The third: in part, Angelo Peron, Florence, Italy, sold by the Savoy Art and Auction Galleries, New York, lot 597 (fauld-lame of c.1520), and the remainder, the estate of Dr Bashford Dean, Riverdale, New York. JWHA Inv. Nos 3135.1, 927.3, 3084.6.a & b, 828.52 & 53, 929.21 & 929.61 ‡ £300-500

193


342 A PAIR OF DUTCH CUIRASSIER’S TASSETS OF NOTABLE SIZE, CIRCA 1610-20 each formed of twenty upward-overlapping lames divisible between the tenth and eleventh, and terminating in a winged poleyn of five lames, originally detachable, the uppermost lame of each tasset fitted at its outer end with a later buckle, and the eleventh pierced with a pair of lace-holes, the main edges of the cuisses and their poleyns formed with finely file-roped inward turns, bordered in the case of the uppermost lame of the cuisse with a matching roped rib, and their subsidiary edges bordered by pairs of incised lines (lightly patinated overall with some small patches of active corrosion) 75cm; 29 1/2in (2) Provenance Cyril Andrade Ltd, London, No. 398, 16th May 1930 JWHA Inv. Nos. 1145.a-d ‡ £2000-3500

342 343 AN ITALIAN RIGHT CUIRASSIER’S TASSET WITH BLUED AND GILT DECORATION, CIRCA 1610-20 formed of sixteen upward-overlapping lames divisible between the ninth and tenth, and terminating in a winged poleyn of five lames, the boxed first lame of the tasset pierced at its inner and outer ends respectively with a transverse keyhole-slot and a smaller rectangular slot, the latter accompanied by a swivel-hook (replaced),the main edges of both the tassets and poleyns formed with plain inward turns, and the subsidiary edges, with a series of five low cusps, in each case bordered by a trio of incised lines repeated as patterns of saltires and chevrons on the poleyn, the decoration gilt throughout on a blued ground and the points of the cusps enlivened by gilt brass-capped round-headed rivets (pitted and worn throughout, and showing some patching, bruising and disarticulation; the fourteenth lame fitted at its rear with a later welded strip) 61cm; 24in Provenance Dr. Bashford Dean, Riverdale, New York, 28th September 1929 JWHA Inv. Nos. 927.4.a & b

343

194

‡ £400-700


344 A PAIR OF TASSETS FOR THE ‘JOUSTS REAL’, 19TH CENTURY IN THE FLEMISH STYLE OF THE LATE 15TH CENTURY each formed in one piece strongly curved to the thigh and cut away at its inner edge to clear the crotch, its upper edge pierced at either end, beneath a truncated cusp, with a large hole to fit over a stud, and at its lower end with eight vertically-aligned pairs of holes (lightly pitted overall) 23cm; 9in each (2) Provenance JWHA Inv. Nos. 927.62.a & b

344

‡ £150-300

345 A COMPOSITE ITALIAN OR FLEMISH RIGHT PAULDRON AND VAMBRACE, MID-16TH TO EARLY 17TH CENTURIES: A COMPOSITE ITALIAN LEFT PAULDRON AND VAMBRACE, LATE 16TH TO EARLY 17TH CENTURIES AND A COMPOSITE DUTCH RIGHT CUIRASSIER’S PAULDRON, EARLY 17TH CENTURY the first comprising a large pauldron of six lames cut away at the armpit and connected by a turner (restored) to a fully articulated tubular vambrace with a winged bracelet couter of three lames, the main edges of the pauldron formed with roped inward turns and those of the vambrace with plain inward turns bordered by single incised lines (patinated overall); the second comprising a large pauldron of seven lames (the lowest four restored) connected by a turner to a three-piece tubular vambrace with a one-piece bracelet couter (holed at its upper edge) connected to the cannons above and below it by internal leathers, the main edges of both elements formed with roped inward turns (the roping of the upper cannon and couter later, the whole patinated overall); and the third of large angular outline, formed of nine lames, the uppermost of which is fitted beneath a rectangular slot with a buckle for a suspension-strap, and the lowest with a turner, its main edges formed with plain inward turns, its subsidiary edges bordered by single incised lines and its surfaces variously decorated with patterns of brasscapped round-headed rivets (patinated throughout and extensively repaired with internal patches) The first: 60cm; 23 1/2in (3)

345

Provenance JWHA Inv. Nos. 55.b & 9, 55a ‡ £700-1000

195


346

346 A COMPOSITE SOUTH GERMAN ‘ALMAIN’ COLLAR, CIRCA 1600; A PARTIAL SOUTH GERMAN ‘ALMAIN’ COLLAR, CIRCA 1600; THE REAR OF AN ITALIAN COLLAR, LATE 16TH CENTURY; AND A PARTIAL GERMAN RIGHT SPAUDLER, CIRCA 1600, PROBABLY FROM AN ‘ALMAIN’ COLLAR the first of two lames front and rear, fitted at each side with an integral spaudler of six lames (the first in each case restored and the whole showing a mottled patina overall); the second comprising its main front and rear plates, each bordered by a pair of incised lines and showing the remains of a black-fromthe-hammer finish; the third, comprising its lowest two lames, the second considerably deeper than the first and each bordered at its upper edge by a single incised line (pitted and patinated overall); and the fourth formed of five black-from-thehammer lames of which the second is boxed at its front end (4) Provenance The first: Anderson Galleries Inc., New York, 4th March 1927 The second and third presented: Keeper of the Tower of London Armouries, April 1930 The fourth acquired by Higgins from the estate of Dr. Bashford Dean, Riverdale, New York JWHA Inv. Nos. 174, 1187, 1188 & 828.33 ‡ £600-900

347

347 A PAIR OF CUISSES, LATE 19TH OR EARLY 20TH CENTURY IN THE GERMAN ‘GOTHIC’ STYLE OF CIRCA 1490; A PAIR OF SPAUDLERS, EARLY 20TH CENTURY IN THE ITALIAN STYLE OF CIRCA 1400; A PAIR OF BESAGUES, LATE 19TH OR EARLY 20TH CENTURY IN THE GERMAN ‘GOTHIC’ STYLE OF THE LATE 15TH CENTURY; AND SIXTEEN FURTHER PIECES OF ARMOUR, LATE 19TH OR EARLY 20TH CENTURY IN THE LATE 14TH TO LATE 15TH CNTURY STYLES; AND A BRIGANDINE IN 15TH/EARLY 16TH CENTURY STYLE the first formed in each case of a gutter-shaped main plate and a hinged side-plate, each surmounted by five extension-lames, and fitted at the lower end of the former with a winged poleyn of five lames; the second formed in each case of a single medially-ridged plate flange outwards at its front edge and fitted at its lower edge with an applied border of latten; the third in each case of radially-fluted circular form with a scalloped edge; and the fourth including the fore-ends of four ‘gothic’ sabatons, two pairs of besagues and elements of five vambraces (some pieces pitted or patinated and one heavily corroded); and the fifth of leather faced with numerous overlapping shield-shaped plates (worn) (21) Provenance JWHA Inv. Nos. 1122.4.a & b, 927.11.a & b, 828.3 & 9, 828.97. a & b, 1974. 2, 929.12, 828.5 & 6, 828.1.a & b, 927.74, 828.34 & 35, 3084.18, 828.66, 3084.18, 828.51 & 929.9, 3086 ‡ £800-1400

196


349

348

348 A PARTIAL NORTH ITALIAN COLLAR, CIRCA 1600, WITH LATER ETCHED DECORATION; A SOUTH GERMAN CULET, CIRCA 1560, WITH LATER ETCHED AND GILT DECORATION; AND THIRTEEEN FURTHER PIECES OF ARMOUR, VARIOUSLY OF THE LATE 16TH, EARLY 17TH AND 19TH CENTURIES the first comprising its lowest front plate formed with a flange at it upper edge and a plain inward-turn at it lower edge, later etched in three bands on a stippled and blackened ground with strapwork interlace, and in its lower border with trophies, masks and fabulous beasts on a similar ground; the second formed of a single lame (broken at its centre)with a short flange at its upper edge and a file-roped, centrally-notched lower edge, etched and gilt on a stippled and gilt ground in three diverging bands and a border with running foliage involving fabulous beasts and birds; and the third including four with embossed and chased ornament, seven with etched ornament and three with incised-line ornament (some pitted or patinated) (15)

349 A CODPIECE, 19TH CENTURY IN THE GERMAN MID-16 TH CENTURY STYLE; AND TWO OTHERS, 19TH CENTURY IN THE GERMAN MID-16 TH CENTURY STYLE the first formed in one piece with a flanged edge pierced at its upper end with a hole to receive a missing suspension-stud, and projecting forward to a domed end embossed with a trio of recessed bands, the outer ones of engrailed form; and the second similar to the last but formed in two pieces with separate forward ends and decorated only with medial ribs, in one case roped, the latter retaining its suspension-stud and blued finish (3) Provenance JWHA Inv. Nos. 2530, 951 & 994 ‡ £500-800

Provenance JWHA Inv. Nos. 3135.3, 3084.5.a & b, 828.60, 928.59, 928.52, 8328.125, 929.29, 913, 928.42.a & b, 252, 3084.10, 417 & 3084.16 ‡ £400-600

197


350 A VAMPLATE, 19TH CENTURY IN THE GERMAN MID-16 TH CENTURY STYLE of conical form with a puckered edge bordered by large roundheaded rivets (one missing) Provenance JWHA Inv. Nos. 948 ‡ £200-300

350

351 THE LOWEST FRONT GORGET-PLATE OF A SOUTH GERMAN CLOSE HELMET, MID-16TH CENTURY; A COUTER, 19TH CENTURY IN THE GERMAN ‘GOTHIC’ STYLE OF CIRCA 1500; AND THIRTY-FIVE FURTHER PIECES OF ARMOUR, 16TH, 17TH AND 19TH CENTURIES the first of V-shaped form decorated at it lower edge with a file-roped inward edge accompanied by a double recessed border and at its upper with a pair of incised lines (extensively patinated); the second formed in one piece shaped to the point of the elbow between two pair of flutes converging to its inside, pierced at the centre front with a hole and fitted at its rear with a pair of straps (lightly patinated overall); and the third including a besague, the wing of a ‘Maximilian’ couter, part of a gauntlet and numerous elements of vambraces (in some cases pitted, patinated or later altered) (37) Provenance JWHA Inv. Nos. 927.77, 828.40, 828.2, 828.42, 828.117, 1444.5, 250, 929.33, 828.83,929.34, 929.27, 929.28, 929.32, 929.48, 929.49, 929.30, 929.31, 929.45, 929.51.a & b, 929.53, 927.28, 929.39, 929.2, 928.56.a & b, 929.17, 929.19, 929.8, 929.56.a-f, 928.2, 929.34.a & b, 929.61, 929.44 & 929.23 ‡ £150-300

351

198


353

352 A NORTH ITALIAN BREASTPLATE, CIRCA 1560, LATER CUT DOWN TO FORM A REINFORCE; THE PEAK OF AN ENGLISH HARQUEBUSIER’S POT, MID-17TH CENTURY; AND TWENTY-NINE FURTHER PIECES OF ARMOUR, MID16TH TO EARLY 17TH CENTURY the first of one piece protecting the left of the chest only, its right side pierced with two rectangular holes to fit over staples, its upper edge formed with a file-roped inward turn bordered by a pair of divergent roped ribs, and its arm-opening and lower edge bordered by a pair of incised lines (heavily pitted and pierced with two small rust perforations); the second struck at the centre of its obtusely-pointed front edge with an indistinct mark probably representing the crowned IR government-ownership mark of the time of King James II, and pierced just in front of the brow with three holes for the attachment of a missing triple-barred face-guard, its surface blackened; and the third, including four gussets, three turners and parts of two collars (some pitted or patinated) (31) Provenance JWHA Inv. Nos. 928.3, 3037, 927.67, 1256.1, 929.60, 828.81, 1256.2, 1256.3, 1256.4, 1256.5,929.57, 928.55,928.46, 928.48, 927.63, 927.54, 927.70, 929.36, 3084.30, 928.53.a-c, 927.27, 927.45, 929.40, 929.41, 929.38, 828.122, 929.54, 929.76 & 928.50.a-c ‡ £200-350

353 THE REAR OF A NORTH EUROPEAN PIKEMAN’S COLLAR WITH PUNCHED DECORATION, CIRCA 1620-30; THE RIGHT CHEEK-PIECE OF A EUROPEAN BURGONET, LATE 16TH CENTURY; TWO LAMES OF A GERMAN RIGHT SPAUDLER OF AN ‘ALMAIN’ COLLAR, EARLY 17TH CENTURY; AND TWENTY-ONE FURTHER PIECES OF ARMOUR, 16TH, 17TH AND 19TH CENTURIES the first formed in one piece with plain inward turns at its main edges accompanied in the case of the lower one by a recessed border, and in both cases by round-headed liningrivets (one at the neck missing) enclosed by a repeated chevron-and-bead design formed of punched lines, circles and dots (pitted and worn ); the second formed in one piece projecting forward and downward to the chin, fitted at its upper rear corner with a hinge to attach it to a skull, and formed at its main edges with file-roped inward turns accompanied at the front by a recessed border (bruised at its centre and showing a mottled patina overall); the third decorated on an overall blackened ground with a medial band of punched and silvered running foliage; and the fourth including numerous fauld-lames and elements of vambraces (in some cases pitted, patinated or later altered) (24) Provenance JWHA Inv. Nos. 819,828.21, 828.79, 828.74, 828.63, 1122, 828.93.a & b, 828.129, 828.130, 828.94, 828.95, 828.109, 828.109, 828.77, 828.106, 828.107, 828.111.a & b, 828.75, 828.101, 929.59, 828.120 & 828.23 ‡ £350-500

199


354 A LEFT CUISSE, 19TH CENTURY IN THE ITALIAN STYLE OF THE LATE 16TH CENTURY; THE FRONT OF A GREAVE, 19TH CENTURY IN THE ITALIAN STYLE OF THE SECOND HALF OF THE 16TH CENTURY; AND FIFTY-TWO FURTHER PIECES OF ARMOUR, 16TH, 17TH,19TH AND EARLY 20TH CENTURIES the first formed of a gutter-shaped main plate rising to a rounded upper end and furnished at its lower end with a winged poleyn of four lames, the lowest pierced with two keyhole-slots for the attachment of a greave, and the main edges of both elements formed with inward turns partly fileroped; the second well shaped and formed at its lower end with a file-roped inward turn; and the third including a bevor, three visors and numerous elements of vambraces and splints (in some cases pitted, patinated, later altered or unfinished) (54)

354

Provenance JWHA Inv. Nos. 3084, 929.4, 828.30, 828.28, 828.56, 828.78, 828.105, 828.114, 927.72,2961.7, 2961, 928.58, 828.73, 927.44, 828.50, 828.44, 828.174, 828.150, 828.135, 828.140, 828.141, 828.131, 828.132, 828.133, 828.134, 828.144, 828.145, 828.139, 828.146, 828.136, 828.137, 828.138, 828.12, 828.143, 828.32, 828.62, 929.52, 927.51, 927.55, 927.57, 3084.9, 3084.14, 3084.15. 928.54, 828.127, 828.128, 929.55, 828.84, 929.47, 927.53, 47 & 828 ‡ £100-130

355

355 THE VISOR OF A NORTH EUROPEAN ‘TODENKOPF’ HELMET, CIRCA 1620; THE RIGHT CHEEK-PIECE OF A GERMAN BURGONET, MID-16TH CENTURY; AND SIXTEEN FURTHER PIECES OF ARMOUR, MID-16TH TO EARLY 17TH CENTURIES the first formed in one piece cut at its upper edge with semicircular openings for the eyes, in each case decorated with a file-roped inward turn accompanied by an incised line, also bordering all other edges, and pierced beneath them with a pair of semi-circular slots and a horizontal slot respectively representing eyes and a mouth (heavily patinated overall with some chips and delamination); the second formed in one piece projecting forwards and downwards to the chin, flanged outwards at its front and lower edges to continue, respectively, the lines of the peak and neck-guard of the burgonet, and embossed in low relief at its centre with an eight-pointed star (retaining the remains of a ‘black-from-thehammer’ finish); and the third including a couter, the lowest front gorget-plate of a close helmet and parts of several faulds, tassets and a culet (variously pitted and patinated, and in some cases showing damage or repair) (18) Provenance JWHA Inv. Nos. 949, 828.20, 828.49, 929.2, 929.26, 927.73.a & b, 928.47, 828.66, 828.116, 828.27, 828.54. a& b,920.20, 928.57, 828.45, 828.47 & 828.55 ‡ £350-500

200


356 THE VISOR OF A EUROPEAN CUIRASSIER’S CLOSE HELMET, EARLY 17TH CENTURY; A BESAGUE, 19TH CENTURY IN THE GERMAN MID-16TH CENTURY STYLE; AND THIRTY-NINE FURTHER PIECES OF ARMOUR, PARTLY LATE 16TH TO EARLY 17TH CENTURIES, BUT MAINLY 19TH TO EARLY 20TH CENTURY the first formed in one piece pierced at its upper end with a pair of rectangular vision-slits (later enlarged) possessing flange-like roped outward turns at their lower edges, at its lower end with a rectangular ventilation-slot for the mouth and at each side with eight further circular ventilation-holes in rosette-formation (its right arm restored, the centre of its lower edge patched, and its surface lightly patinated overall); the second of flat circular form rising to a conical boss, pierced above it with a large suspension-hole and formed at its edge with a roped inward turn border by a raised rib roped en suite with it, and the third including parts of vambraces, faulds and culets and a pair of lightly etched gauntlets (variously pitted and patinated, and in some cases damaged, altered or unfinished) (41) Provenance JWHA Inv. Nos.29621.8, 1445, 928.44, 828.48, 828.88, 828.76, 828.69, 828.65.a & b, 828.64, 828.99, 828.46,3084.29.b, 828.43, 229a & b, 828.82, 929.35, 1122.2, 1122.3, 929.3.a & b, 828.25, 828.26, 828.29, 3084.12, 929.13, 929.50, 828.58, 927.49, 828.31, 927.29, 927.50, 927.65, 927.66, 929.22.a & b, 927.83, 3127.6a & b & 828.24

358 A MAIL SKIRT CUT FROM A NEAR OR MIDDLE-EASTERN SHIRT OF THE 18TH OR 19TH CENTURY; AND ANOTHER SIMILAR the first of rectangular outline with a large projecting dag at the centre of its lower edge, and formed of alternating rows of welded and riveted rings respectively of oval and circularsection wire, the former slightly larger than the latter; and the second having no dag at its lower edge and formed of slightly flatter rings (a few small holes) (2) Provenance JWHA Inv. Nos. 473 & 482. ‡ £80-120 359 TWO EUROPEAN BUTCHERS’ APRONS, LATE 19TH OR EARLY 20TH CENTURY each of square outline, formed of small butted links of circularsection wire, and fitted at their upper edges with fourteen iron suspension-rings (one with a small hole; the other with two large and one small hole) (2) Provenance JWHA Inv. Nos. 480a & b ‡ £50-80

‡ £80-150

357 TWO MAIL VOIDERS FOR THE ARMPIT CUT FROM NEAR OR MIDDLE-EASTERN SHIRTS OF THE 18TH OR 19TH CENTURY each with short sleeves and formed of alternating rows of welded and riveted rings of oval-section wire, the welded rings in one case slightly larger than the riveted rings (2) Provenance JWHA Inv. Nos. 494 & 505 ‡ £120-180

356

201


360

360 A MODEL BREASTPLATE, TASSET AND SHIELD, 19TH CENTURY IN THE GERMAN LATE 15TH CENTURY ‘GOTHIC’ STYLE; AND ANOTHER BREASTPLATE the first comprising a breastplate of rounded form decorated, like its accompanying metal shield, with a roped medial ridge between two sprays of flutes, and flanged outwards at its lower edge to receive a fauld of one lame retaining, at its left side, a tasset of four lames formed at its main edges with roped inward turns en suite with those of the neck and armopenings of the breastplate; and the second similar to the last but formed with a separate low cusped plackart over the belly, a central cusp at the lower edge of its tasset and lacking fluted decoration (lightly patinated at points) (5) Provenance JWHA Inv. No. 246.1, 246.2, 246.3, 246.4, 246.5 ‡ £250-400

361 TWO MODEL ARMOURS, POSSIBLY ITALIAN LATE 19TH OR EARLY 20TH CENTURY IN THE WESTERN EUROPEAN STYLE OF THE 16TH CENTURY each comprising rounded one-piece breastplate furnished at its lower edge with a waist-lame, fauld-lame and one-piece tassets, the latter flanking a scutiform central plate embossed with a fern-pattern, one-piece backplate, large symmetrical pauldrons each of three lames articulated by its lowest to a three-piece vambrace open at its inside, one-piece gauntlets with integral finger-defences, and one-piece cuisses connected by winged poleyns to a tubular two-piece greave terminating in an integral one-piece sabaton, the cuirass and tassets in each case etched on a blackened ground with scrolling foliage involving at the centre of the breast a coat-ofarms identifiable in one case as the winged Lion of St Mark, and mounted on an iron stand (both armours lightly patinated in most parts), the first 26.5cm; 10 1/4 in; the second 27.0cm; 10 1/2 (in each caseincluding stand) (2) Provenance Armatura Norsa, Venice, 4th November 1907 JWHA Inv. No. 38 & 562 ‡ £200-300

202


362 A FINE MODEL ARMOUR BY E. GRANGER, PARIS, CIRCA 1850, IN THE GERMAN STYLE OF THE SECOND HALF OF THE 16TH CENTURY comprising burgonet with high-combed skull, fixed peak, fixed peak and neck-guard and hinged cheekpieces, collar of two lames front and rear, one-piece breastplate of ‘peascod’ fashion fitted at its lower edge with a fauld of two lames carrying at its centre a hinged codpiece and, at each side, a long tasset of six lames articulated by a winged poleyn of three lames to a full-length tubular greave with integral broad-toed sabaton of nine lames, one-piece backplate with fixed culet of one lame, large symmetrical pauldrons each of six lames fitted at its apex with an upstanding hautepiece and connected at its lower end, via a turner, to a tubular vambrace with a winged bracelet couter of three lames, and fingered gauntlets (the fourth fingerdefence of the left detached and the end of the thumb-defence missing), each with flared and pointed cuff, decorated throughout with copper rivets and rosette-washers, and mounted on an articulated mannequin with bronze head, clothed in buff leather (small split at inside of right thigh) and a dagged skirt of mail, and accompanied by a sword with straight quillons and an oval side-ring, contained in a red leather scabbard with chape and locket of iron 32.5cm; 12 3/4in (with mounting-screws projecting from feet) Provenance JWHA Inv. No. 3845 The maker of this armour, E. Granger of 70 Rue de Bondy (now Rue René Boulanger) Paris, exhibited models of this type as early as 1844 in the Exposition des Produits de L’Industrie Française, Paris. He later showed his work, as part of the firm of GrangerLeblanc, at the London International Exhibition on Art and Industry and Art held in the gardens of the Royal Horticultural Society, South Kensington, in 1862. Granger also made full-sized armours for some of Madam Tussaud’s waxwork figures and for stage use by the Paris Opéra, and was further listed as a maker of gilt jewellery, bronzes and occult objects. ‡ £4,000-6,000

362

203


363

363 A FINE MODEL HARQUEBUSIER’S ARMOUR, 19TH CENTURY IN THE POLISH STYLE OF THE SECOND HALF OF THE 17TH CENTURY comprising Zischägge with hemispherical skull decorated with thirty-two flutes radiating and spiralling from a central rosette washer of brass, and fitted at the brow with a broad obtuselypointed peak pierced at its centre rear with a rectangular slot to receive a missing sliding nasal-bar originally retained by a brass staple riveted just above it, and at the nape with a broad obtusely-pointed neck-guard of five lames, and a cuirass with one-piece breastplate and backplate, each flanged outwards at the waist and fitted to either side of the chest in the case of the former with a stud to receive the shoulder-straps of the backplate, the main edges of the armour, except at the waist, formed with plain inward turns bordered on the cuirass by raised ribs (3)

204

Provenance Giulia Morosini, sold American Art Association, New York, 10th-15th October 1932, part of lot 420 JWHA Inv. No. 1775, 1774.1 & 1774.2 ‡ £800-1200


364

364 AN ETCHED BREASTPLATE AND TASSETS IN 16TH CENTURY STYLE, EARLY 20TH CENTURY comprising rounded one-piece breastplate furnished at its lower edge with a waist-lame, two fauld-lames, tassets each of four lames, the latter flanking a central defence of three lames, shaped en suite, the principal edges with roped turns, etched over its surface with bold scrolls of foliage, and the centre of the breastplate carrying an oval panel inscribed ‘Worcester Pressed Steel Company’ 35cm; 13 3/4in high Provenance Armatura Norsa, Venice, 4th November 1907 JWHA 246.6 ‡ £500-700

205


365

365 A FINE SILVER-MOUNTED CENTRAL AMERICAN KNIFE OF PRESENTATION QUALITY, CIRCA 1865-86 with tapering blade double-edged for its upper half, inscribed ‘Por Rufino Flamenco En Sn Salvador’ on the back-edge, chiselled with elaborate scrolls of foliage within a recessed panel on each face and set with two gilt plaques, one inscribed ‘JMM’ (small areas of light staining, chiselled metal ferrule decorated with animals including hounds, a squirrel and a horse, two-stage faceted silver grip, finely chased with alternating panels of scrolling foliage and conventional flowers, in its silver scabbard, finely chased with bold scrolls of foliage and differing flowers inhabited by birds and a hound, one side with a rondel filled with the arms of Columbia enclosed by the inscription ‘Bogota Estados Unidos de Columbia’, and on the other with two rondels, one with the American eagle charged with a shield and the inscription ‘United States of America’ and the other with the arms of El Salvador and the abbreviated inscriptions for Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Guatemala and Honduras, the outer face wit h belt hook chased en suite, and remaining in fine condition throughout 37.8cm; 14 7/8in overall

206

The initials on the blade are almost certainly those of José Maria Medina, president of Honduras for eleven terms during the period 1863-76. El Salvador only supported Medina during his first period as president. In 1865 Honduras and El Salvador signed the Tratado de Defensa Centroamericana which included a defence agreement between Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Guatemala and Honduras.  It is likely that the knife was intended for presentation at this time, though for reasons now obscured, this never happened which would explain the absence of further initials on the reverse gold escutcheon. Medina was clearly held in high regard by his contemporaries, a letter dated 1st June 1864 to him from William H. Seward on behalf of President Abraham Lincoln records the good relations that Medina strived to maintain between the United States and Honduras, and their desire to maintain this for the foreseeable future.  However, Medina’s fortune was not to last, he was ousted from power in 1872 and executed by firing squad four years later.   ‡ £3000-5000


366

366 A RARE PAIR OF MEXICAN STIRRUPS OF SO-CALLED ‘CONQUISTADOR’ STIRRUPS, 17TH CENTURY/EARLY 18TH CENTURY of characteristic T-shaped form, decorated throughout with pierced chiselled panels of trellis pattern enclosing rococo flower and scroll medallions, the treads formed with long tapering panels each pierced and chiselled en suite, decorated at the base with a panel each chiselled in low relief with a rococo flower, fitted on the inside with a small pierced panel decorated with a pair of scrolls at the base and a lion like beast above (one inner panel chipped), the upper wings fitted with a fluted silver button at each corner, and integral loops for suspension 45cm; 17 3/4in (2) Provenance Theodore Offerman, sold American Art Association, Anderson Galleries, New York, 5th February 1938, lot 128 JWHA Inv. No. 1410

Exhibited ‘Made of Iron’, University of St Thomas Museum, Houston, Texas, September-December 1966 Beaumont Art Museum, Texas, 5th December 1977-23rd January 1978 Monmouth Museum, New Jersey, 27th February-6th May 1978 Lowe Art Museum, Miami, Florida, December 1979-13th January 1985 ‘Saddle up’ National Ornamental Metal Museum, Memphis, Tennessee, 4th January-7th April 1985 Literature Stephen V. Grancsay (ed.)1966, Made of Iron, University of St Thomas Museum, Houston, Texas, September-December 1966, cat. No. 391 A pair of very similar stirrups are preserved in the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, inv. no. 08.56.11. For a discussion of this group see S. V. Grancsay 1986, pp. 207-209. ‡ £4000-6000

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367 TWO PERUVIAN STIRRUPS AND A SINGLE SOUTH AMERICAN STIRRUP, 19TH CENTURY the first two almost forming a pair, of characteristic shoe-shaped form, decorated with scrolls and with a mask on each side, and a loop for suspension; the third formed of a large plate pierced and engraved with a large stylised bird on each side, chiselled with a panel of foliage beneath the tread, and with a lop for suspension the first:11cm; 4 3/8in high (3)

367

Provenance The first: Burghard Steiner, Riverdale-on-Hudson, New York, sold Walpole Galleries, New York, 26th January 1927, lot 115 The second: Giulia Morosini, sold American Art Association, Theodore Offerman, Anderson Galleries, New York, 5th February 1938 JWHA Inv. Nos. 76, 1898 ‡ £150-250 368 A PAIR OF STTIRRUPS IN 17TH CENTURY STYLE; A PAIR OF STIRRUPS, 18TH CENTURY; AND FIVE FURTHER STIRRUPS, 18TH/19TH CENTURY the first with broad treads formed with a down-turned plate pierced with three groups of rondels, tapering side-bars, loops for suspension with a pierced moulded panel in front; the second with open treads filled with a single bar, slender side-bars, and a loop for suspension; and five further stirrups the first: 26.5cm; 10 1/2in high (9)

368

Provenance The first: Louis Bachereau, Paris, 3rd September 1933 JWHA Inv. Nos. 1986, 993, 1008, 236, 237, 238 ‡ £200-300 369 FIVE EUROPEAN HORSE BITS, 17TH/19TH CENTURIES the first and second perhaps Italian, 18th century, with curved moulded side-bars decorated with filed mouldings, and U-shaped mouth-piece, each fitted with rings for attachment; the third probably German, late 17th century, with curved side bars decorated with filed mouldings, fixed two-piece mouth-piece, and a pair of rings; the fourth French, fitted with a brass fleur-de-lys boss on each side; and the fifth with solid mouth-piece; together with an iron link, probably from a harness the first: 22cm; 8 3/4in (6)

369

Provenance The first, second and third: Angelo Peyron, Florence, Italy, sold Savoy Art & Auction Galleries, New York, 4th November 1954, part of lot 675 The fourth: George L. Maxwell, sold Anderson Galleries, New York, 28th November 1928, lot 173 The fifth: Albert R. Louis, sold Walpole Galleries, New York, 22nd February 1927, lot 286 JWHA Inv. Nos. 3088.8, 3088.9, 3088.7, 652, 132, 277 ‡ £250-350

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370 A SADDLE IN GERMAN MID-16TH CENTURY STYLE, LATE 19TH/20TH CENTURY with iron-clad wooden frame, covered with stitched padded leather on the inside (areas of wear, lifting at the front on one side), fitted with three bow plates, the left and right each with an upturned peg and the cantle with a hook, large shaped cantle with an additional plate either side, the bow and cantle each with recessed border and roped edge, and retaining a seven buckles for attachment 35.5cm; 14in high Provenance JWHA Inv. No. 294 ‡ £400-600

370 371 AN AUSTRIAN SADDLE, 17TH CENTURY with wooden frame, covered with padded fabric on the inside and stitched padded leather on the outside, the bow and cantle each bound with brass, the former with brass-covered horn and the latter with a large central plate embossed with the crowned Imperial Eagle, fitted with a pair of buckles for suspension, and retaining a single stirrup 35cm; 13 1/4in high Provenance The Armoury of Archduke Eugen, Fortress Hohenwerfen, Salzburg, Austria, sold Anderson Galleries, New York, 1st - 5th March 1927, lot 861 JWHA Inv. No. 450 ‡ £400-600

371

209


372 A PAIR OF SPURS AND A FURTHER SPUR IN LATE 15TH CENTURY STYLE, LATE 19TH/EARLY 20TH CENTURY each with long tapering neck of diamond-section, fitted with shaped five-point rowel, pierced moulded heel band, each retaining its buckles for attachment, and two with their leather straps the first:33cm; 13in (3) Provenance The first pair: Ernst Schmidt, Munich, 5th June 1930, no. 34

372

JWHA Inv. Nos. 232, 1116.1 & 1116.2 ‡ £80-120

373 A PAIR OF SPURS IN LATE 15TH CENTURY STYLE, LATE 19TH CENTURY each with tapering neck of diamond-section, moulded at the base, fitted with pierced shaped seven-point rowel, broad heel band, and each retaining its buckles for attachment 27.5cm; 10 7/8in (2) Provenance Hollingworth Magniac Collection Joseph Duveen Oliver H. P. Belmont

373

Clarence H. Mackay, sold Jacques Seligman & Co., New York, 9th November 1940 JWHA Inv. Nos. 2610.8a & b ‡ £80-120

210


374

374 AN EMBROIDERED HORSE CAPARISON IN EARLY 17TH CENTURY STYLE, 19TH CENTURY of red velvet, embroidered in gold with bold sprays of foliage over its surface, trimmed with bullion, comprising two large panels for the torso, with further smaller panels for the reins, breastplate, and harness (areas of light wear, losses); together with a saddle pad and saddle lining

Provenance The first: Hollingworth Magniac Collection Joseph Duveen Oliver H. P. Belmont Clarence H. Mackay, sold Seligmann& Co., New York, 9th November 1940 JWHA Inv. Nos. 2610.10, 2604.5 The museum archives state that the first was formerly in the collections of the Counts Czarpary and also Ca’ Morosini, Venice. Literature Stephen V. Grancsay, The John Woodman Higgins Armory, Worcester, Massachusetts, 1961, p. 70-71 (ill.) ‡ £500-700

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375

375 A DECORATED HORSE CAPARISON IN 16TH CENTURY STYLE, EARLY 20TH CENTURY of stitched fabric trimmed with bullion borders, to cover the head, entire body and extending almost to the ground, decorated with a bold diamond pattern for the Wittelsburg family, and an inscribed scroll on the rear, for the Dukes in Bavaria over a rampant lion (worn, losses)

212

Provenance Ernst Schmidt, Munich, circa 1906 JWHA Inv. No. 1008 ‡ £500-700


376

376 NINE IRON CALTROPS, PROBABLY 16TH/17TH CENTURIES each of characteristic form, comprising two tapering bars hammer welded in the centre the tallest: 8cm;3 1/8in high (9)

Provenance Dr. Bashford Dean, sold Parke-Bernet Galleries Inc., New York, 26th October 1950, part of lot 33 JWHA Inv. Nos. 28671, 3-10 ‡ £200-300

213


377

British and European Military Edged Weapons 377 A BRITISH COMPOSITE OFFICER’S SWORD; AN 1853 PATTERN CAVALRY TROOPER’S SWORD AND AN 1885 PATTERN CAVALRY TROOPER’S SWORD the first with etched regulation Naval blade based on the 1845 pattern, steel triple-bar hilt, and wire-bound fishskin-covered grip; the second of regulation type, in its scabbard; and the third of regulation type, stamped with War department and inspector’s marks at the forte, in its scabbard the first: 69cm; 27 1/8in blade (3)

214

Provenance The second and third: Milton R. Macintosh, Rhode Island, acquired December 1970, nos. 6, 10 JWHA Inv. Nos. 2068, 3611, 3582 ‡ £300-500


378

379

378 AN OFFICER’S SWORD, PROBABLY BRITISH EARLY 19TH CENTURY; A BRITISH LIFE-GUARD OFFICER’S SWORD, SECOND QUARTER OF THE 19TH CENTURY; A BRITISH 1897 GEORGE V INFANTRY OFFICER’S SWIRD; AND AN OFFICER’S SPADROON, EARLY 19TH CENTURY the first with curved fullered single-edged blade etched and gilt with foliage and trophies on a blued panel at the base (worn), brass stirrup hilt (restored), and horn grip; the second with associated blade of regulation type, gilt-brass hilt including boatshell guard engraved with an expanded flowerhead in the centre and a border of foliage on the inside, the outer face reinforced with a steel and, engraved pommel, and wire-bound grip, with scabbard (incomplete, now in two pieces); the third with etched blade, plated hilt, in its leather field service scabbard; and the fourth with earlier fullered blade struck with a mark (probably the running fox of Shotley Bridge), brass hilt and fluted hardwood grip the first:75.5cm; 25 3/4in blade (4)

379 A POST 1902 NAVAL OFFICER’S SWORD BY S.W.SILVER & CO., CORNHILL, LONDON of regulation type, with etched blade (areas of pitting), giltbrass hilt, bullion sword knot, in its brass-mounted leather regulation scabbard 79.5cm; 31 3/8in blade Provenance Milton R. Macintosh, Rhode Island, acquired December 1970, no. 7 JWHA Inv. No. 3571 ‡ £250-350

Provenance The third: Milton R. Macintosh, Rhode Island, acquired December 1970, no. 18 JWHA Inv. Nos. 3501, 3278, 3598 ‡ £250-350

215


380 380 A FRENCH MODEL A.N. XI HEAVY CAVALRY SWORD, DATED 1814 of regulation type, with tapering blade cut with a pair of fulllength fullers, engraved with Klingenthal Royal arsenal inscription and the date on the back edge, stamped with three marks at the forte including that of Etienne-Louis Borson (Director from 1st August 1814), a further mark, B within a wreath, and the mark of Francois Louis Lobstein, regulation brass hilt numbered ‘274’ in its steel scabbard numbered en suite 96.5cm; 38in blade Provenance Irene Garson Strauss, Brookline, Massachusetts, 13th September 1951 JWHA Inv. No. 2913 ‡ £400-600

216

381 381 TWO FRENCH MODEL 1822 LINE CAVALRY TROOPERS SABRES the first of regulation type, inscribed ‘Coulaux Aîné’ and with Klingenthal Royal arsenal inscription on the back-edge, stamped with inspector’s marks at the forte, in its steel scabbard; and the second similar (scabbard missing) 97.5cm; 38 3/8in blades (2) Provenance Giulia Morosini, sold American Art Association, New York, 10th15th October 1932, part of lots 120, 125 JWHA Inv. No. 1852, 1858 ‡ £400-600


382

383

382 TWO FRENCH OFFICER’S SWORDS, CIRCA 1790 with curved single-edged blades cut with a long fuller on each face, brass stirrup hilts cut with a notched pattern on the langets and the cross-guards, five-ball knuckle-guards, scaly back-straps rising to a plumed helmet forming the pommels, and wire-bound leather-covered grips, each in its brassmounted leather scabbard (worn, one chape missing) 77.5cm; 30 1/2in blades (2)

383 TWO FRENCH OFFICER’S SWORDS, LATE 18TH/EARLY 19TH CENTURY the first with earlier curved blade formed with a hatchet point, cut with a pair of long slender fullers and stamped with a series of indistinct marks on each face, regulation brass hilt, comprising down-turned quillon chiselled with foliage, quillonblock cast with trophies-of-arms in low relief, eagle head pommel engulfed with a ring forming the upper part of the knuckle-guard, and wire-bound leather-covered grip; the second with curved blade cut with a long broad fuller on each face, brass hilt including down-turned quillon and lion head pommel the first: 80.5cm; 31 3/4in blade (2)

Provenance The Armoury of Archduke Eugen, Fortress Hohenwerfen, Salzburg, Austria, sold Anderson Galleries, New York, 1st - 5th March 1927, part of lot 5 JWHA Inv. Nos. 267, 268 ‡ £400-600

Provenance The Armoury of Archduke Eugen, Fortress Hohenwerfen, Salzburg, Austria, sold Anderson Galleries, New York, 1st - 5th March 1927, part of lot 5 The second: Milton R. Macintosh, Rhode Island, acquired December 1970, no. 13 JWHA Inv. Nos. 264, 3619 ‡ £300-400

217


384

385

384 A FRENCH OFFICER’S EPEE, FIRST EMPIRE with slender blade of flattened-hexagonal section, etched and gilt with scrolls of foliage on a blued panel over the lower portion of the blade, gilt-brass hilt cast and chased in low relief, comprising down-turned shell-guard decorated with an elaborate scalloped pattern, knuckle-guard with a central lion mask moulding (quillon chipped), pommel incorporating crested classical mask, and fluted grip-scales, in a gilt-brass U.S. scabbard, engraved with bold sprays of foliage and the American eagle and a shield charged with twenty one stars 80.5cm; 31 3/4in blade

385 A FRENCH MODEL 1854 OFFICER’S SWORD FOR A MEMBER OF THE CENT GARDES AND A FRENCH NAVAL ACADEMY OFFICER’S SWORD the first of regulation type, with straight fullered blade brass hilt stamped with the maker’s name on the underside, cast with laurel foliage in low relief, including four outer bars carrying a rondel filled with the Imperial arms on a white metal star, and banded horn grip in its steel scabbard; the second of regulation type, the blade with Klingenthal arsenal inscription, brass hilt, horn grip, in its scabbard (now in two pieces) the first: 95cm; 37 1/2in blade (2)

Provenance JWHA Inv. No. 126 ‡ £200-300

Provenance The first: Irene Garson Strauss, Brookline, Massachusetts, 13th September 1951 The second: James P. Silo, New York, 13th February 1929, lot 15 JWHA Inv. No. 2914, 258 The Cent–Gardes were formed in March 1854 as a mounted bodyguard for Napoleon III. The revived Imperial Order was disbanded following the French defeat in the Franco-Prussian war of 1870. ‡ £500-800

218


386 386 A FRENCH MODEL 1896 CAVALRY OFFICER’S BACKSWORD, APRIL 1914 of regulation type, the blade with full details including Châtellerault arsenal inscription and the date, brass hilt, in its leather field service scabbard Provenance Joseph Masquelier, Cambridge, Massachusetts, 29th August 1967 JWHA Inv. No. 3407 ‡ £250-300

387 387 A PRUSSIAN INFANTRY OFFICER’S SWORD, EARLY 19TH CENTURY; TWO FRENCH OFFICER’S SWORDS; AND A DANISH MODEL 1858 OFFICER’S SWORD with regulation blade etched on one side with the Prussian order of the Eagle device and the cypher of ‘FR’ on the other, and regulation brass hilt; the second with two-stage fullered blade engraved ‘Honneur et Patrie’ on one side, and regulation brass hilt including boatshell guard, in a brass-mounted leather scabbard; the third with sparsely etched blade double-edged towards the point, brass hilt including boatshell-guard, plumed helmet pommel, and retaining a portion of its plaited wire binding; the fourth with curved blade by J. Herazcek & Søn, and white metal regulation hilt stamped en suite the first: 85.5cm; 33 3/4in blade (4) Provenance JWHA Inv. Nos. 3461, 345, 37.2, 3565 ‡ £250-350

219


388

389

388 A PRUSSIAN MODEL 1735 DRAGOON SWORD with broad double-edged blade stamped ‘Potsdam’ and with an eagle mark on the respective sides at the forte, regulation brass hilt, comprising short quillon, basket-guard incised ‘189’ on the underside, thumb-loop, and eagle head pommel, and leather-covered wooden grip (small losses) 94cm; 37in blade

389 A PRUSSIAN MODEL 1735 DRAGOON SWORD with broad double-edged blade stamped with an eagle mark on one side at the forte, regulation brass hilt, comprising short quillon, basket-guard, thumb-loop (one bar detached), and eagle head pommel, and leather-covered wooden grip (small losses) 92.5cm; 36 1/2in blade

Provenance Mrs Francis Welch, Boston, Massachusetts, 29th May 1934

Provenance Mrs Francis Welch, Boston, Massachusetts, 29th May 1934

JWHA Inv. No. 2157

JWHA Inv. No. 3263

‡ £1200-1800

‡ £1200-1500

220


390

390 A LIGHT CAVALRY SABRE OF PRUSSIAN MODEL 1811 TYPE with slightly curved fullered regulation blade double-edged towards the point, steel stirrup hilt with rounded langets, leather-covered wooden grip, in its steel scabbard, with two rings for suspension and steel suspension clip 84.5cm; 33 1/4in blade Provenance The Armoury of Archduke Eugen, Fortress Hohenwerfen, Salzburg, Austria, sold Anderson Galleries, New York, 1st - 5th March 1927, lot 287 JWHA Inv. No. 271 ‡ £300-500 391 A GERMAN (SAXON) OFFICER’S SWORD, EARLY 20TH CENTURY AND A GERMAN CAVALRY SWORD, FIRST HALF OF THE 19TH CENTURY the first with etched regulation blade, brass stirrup hilt cast with the Saxon arms on the knuckle-guard, in its steel scabbard (worn); the second with curved regulation blade etched with trophies, foliage and a cornucopia, brass triple-bar hilt, shield-shaped langet and wire-bound grip the first: 77.4cm; 30 1/2in blade (2)

391

Provenance The first: Joseph Rosenbaum, Worcester, Massachusetts, August 1959 JWHA Inv. Nos. 3161, 3299 ‡ £400-600 392 A GERMAN INFANTRY SHORTSWORD, SECOND QUARTER OF THE 19TH CENTURY AND A COMPOSITE MILITARY SWORD, MID-18TH CENTURY the first with broad double-edged blade, brass hilt comprising cross-piece incised ‘R.V.M.”.11.0’, integral grip and lion head pommel; the second with broad straight double-edged blade, stamped ‘XX IN XX MENE XX’ within a short fuller on each face, steel half-basket-guard, incised ‘RA’ on the outside of the shell, and spirally moulded tapering brass grip the first:45cm; 17 3/4in blade (2) Provenance The first: Joseph Rosenbaum, Worcester, Massachusetts, August 1959 JWHA Inv. Nos. 115, 654 ‡ £250-350

221


393 393 A GERMAN MODEL 1889 INFANTRY SWORD AND A PRUSSIAN MODEL 1852 CAVALRY SWORD of regulation type, the first with fullered blade by W.K & C, blackened steel hilt and blackened scabbard; the second with blade by the same, plated hilt, in its scabbard, and each with its sword knot the first 84cm; 33in blade (2) Provenance Andrew Yess, Worcester, Massachusetts, 1978 JWHA Inv. Nos. 1978.03.1, 1978.03.3 ‡ £300-500

222

394 394 A GERMAN SABRE, EARLY 20TH CENTURY, NAVAL OR ARTILLERY with curved single-edged blade (ground) stamped with a series of inspection marks at the forte, steel stirrup hilt, banded grip, in its steel scabbard 76cm; 30in blade Provenance Milton R. Macintosh, Rhode Island, acquired December 1970, no. 16 JWHA Inv. No. 3577 ‡ £400-700


395 395 TWO AUSTRIAN MODEL 1850 INFANTRY OFFICER’S SABRE AND AN AUSTRIAN MODEL 1861 INFANTRY OFFICER’S SABRE the first with earlier curved fuller blade inscribed ’Frince.’ (rubbed) on one side and with celestial motifs on the other, regulation steel hilt, fishskin-covered grip, in a contemporary steel scabbard; the second with 18th century Turkish blade retaining traces of gold decoration (erased), regulation steel hilt, fishskin-covered grip, in a contemporary steel scabbard; and the third with earlier Hungarian broad fullered blade double-edged towards the point, etched with the figure of Mary on one face and a Patriarchal cross on the other, and with pious inscriptions including ‘Maria Mater Dei Patronia Hungaria Sub tuum Pace sicium confugio [sic]’, regulation hilt, fishskin-covered grip, in a contemporary steel scabbard with two loops for suspension the first: 73.5cm; 29in blade (3)

396 396 AN AUSTRIAN MODEL 1845 CAVALRY OFFICER’S SWORD with minor variations, with curved ‘kilig’ style blade formed with a reinforced back-edged, etched with trophies, a sun-insplendour, scrolls of foliage and celestial motifs on each face and retaining traces of early gilding, regulation steel hilt pierced with two slots at the top, engraved ‘FI’ probably for Ferdinand I (reigned 1835-48), wire-bound fishskin-covered grip, in its steel scabbard 83.5cm; 32 7/8in blade Provenance The Armoury of Archduke Eugen, Fortress Hohenwerfen, Salzburg, Austria, sold Anderson Galleries, New York, 1st - 5th March 1927, part of lot 487 JWHA Inv. No. 272 ‡ £350-450

Provenance The Armoury of Archduke Eugen, Fortress Hohenwerfen, Salzburg, Austria, sold Anderson Galleries, New York, 1st - 5th March 1927, part of lot 487 JWHA Inv. Nos. 269, 270, 161 ‡ £400-700

223


397 397 A HUNGARIAN MODEL 1811 INFANTRY OFFICER’S SWORD AND AN EAST EUROPEAN OR RUSSIAN SWORD, LATE 18TH/EARLY 19TH CENTURY the first with curved fullered blade double-edged towards the point, regulation brass stirrup hilt cast with fluted floral patterns, fishskin-covered grip, in its leather scabbard (in two pieces), with brass mounts en suite; the second with slightly curved fullered blade double-edged towards the point, brass stirrup hilt, and spirally carved wooden grip the first: 85cm; 33 1/2in blade (2) Provenance The first: The Armoury of Archduke Eugen, Fortress Hohenwerfen, Salzburg, Austria, sold Anderson Galleries, New York, 1st - 5th March 1927, lot 5 JWHA Inv. Nos. 26, 2070 ‡ £300-500

398 398 A SPANISH SWORD, DATED 1740; A SPANISH OFFICER’S SWORD DATED 1863; A SPANISH MODEL 1895 MOUNTED TROOPER’S SABRE, DATED 1897; A SPANISH MODEL 1867 INFANTRY OFFICER’S SWORD; AND A SPANISH MODEL 1844 CIVIL GUARD SARGEANT’S SWORD the first with double-edged blade etched ‘Carlos III’ and ‘Dragones Toledo 1740’ on the respective faces, iron hilt formed of a down-curved quillon, three-ring outer-guard, knuckle-guard, and inner-guard all secured by threaded bolts, moulded pommel and wire-bound spirally carved grip; the second with etched regulation blade, decorated with a running pattern of foliage, the date the Royal arms and crowned cypher ‘Y2’, folding side-guard, in its scabbard; the third of regulation type, with etched blade including Toledo inscription and the date, in its scabbard; the fourth with shortened Toledo blade and regulation brass hilt; the fifth with dated Toledo blade and regulation brass hilt the first: 80.5cm; 31 3/4in blade (5) Provenance The third, fourth, fifth: Milton R. Macintosh, Rhode Island, acquired December 1970, nos. 21, 15, 20 JWHA Inv. Nos. 2066, 355, 3566, 3602, 3605 ‡ £600-800

224


400

399 THIRTEEN DETACHED SWORD BLADES, 17TH TO 19TH CENTURIES the first five of kilig form, one etched with the crowned cypher of Christian V of Denmark; the second with the crowned Imperial arms of Austria for the reign of Maria Theresia, and an officer of the reverse; the third, fourth and fifth plain; the sixth cut-down from a 16th/17th century broadsword; the seventh from a rapier (pitted); two regulation blades, single-edged and cut with a pair of almost full length fullers; and four further blades (13) Provenance Max Williams, New York, sold Anderson Galleries, New York, 7th March 1928

400 A NORTH ITALIAN INFANTRY SAPPERS AXE, 19TH CENTURY with wedge-shaped head formed with a flat hammer head pean, etched on one side with an infantry horn enclosing the number ‘4’, and ‘Paolo Landi, Mfr di Brescia’ on the other, robust leaf-shaped central spike, a pair of langets, on its wooden haft (shoe missing) 109.5cm; 43 1/8in overall Provenance Albert R. Louis, sold Walpole Galleries, New York, 22nd February 1927, lot 306 JWHA Inv. No. 134 ‡ £250-350

JWHA Inv. Nos. 466.1-5, 467.1-2, 467.4-9 ‡ £400-700

225


401 401 AN AUSTRIAN PARTISAN, DATED 1628 with tapering central blade formed with a medial ridge and a pair of shaped upturned basal lugs, decorated on one face with portrait busts, and a crowned double eagle, and the date on one face, moulded socket, a pair of straps, on a wooden haft 28cm; 11in head Provenance Ernst Schmidt, Munich, 9th December 1930 JWHA Inv. No. 1364 ‡ £400-600 402 AN AUSTRIAN MILITARY PARTISAN, LATE 17TH/EARLY 18TH CENTURY with broad central blade of flattened diamond section, a pair of basal lugs, etched on each side with portrait rondels and brief inscriptions (worn), tapering socket formed with raised mouldings, and a pair of straps, on a wooden haft 32.5cm; 12 3/4in head

226

402

403

Provenance Liberty & Co Ltd, London, 4th May 1930 JWHA Inv. No. 1177 ‡ £250-350 403 AN AUSTRIAN PARTISAN, LATE 17TH/ FIRST HALF OF THE 18TH CENTURY with broad tapering blade of flattened diamond section, a pair of shaped basal lugs, tapering socket formed with raised mouldings, a pair of long straps, on its wooden haft 28cm; 11in head Provenance The Armoury of Archduke Eugen, Fortress Hohenwerfen, Salzburg, Austria, sold Anderson Galleries, New York, 1st - 5th March 1927, lot 899 JWHA Inv. No. 182 ‡ £200-300


404 404 A PARTISAN, EARLY 18TH CENTURY, PROBABLY AUSTRIAN with broad central blade of flattened diamond section, a pair of close upturned basal lugs, moulded rectangular socket, and a pair of straps, on a wooden haft 33.5cm; 13 1/4in head Provenance The Armoury of Archduke Eugen, Fortress Hohenwerfen, Salzburg, Austria, sold Anderson Galleries, New York, 1st - 5th March 1927, lot 900 JWHA Inv. No. 183 ‡ £200-300 405 AN AUSTRIAN DECORATED SPONTOON HEAD DATED 1744, PROBABLY AUSTRIAN AND TWO DETACHED SPEARHEADS, 18TH/19TH CENTURY the first with broad leaf-shaped head formed with a low medial ridge, pierced at the base with a pair of holes, etched with bold scrolls of foliage against a punched ground, with the date on one face and the monogram ‘CR’ on the other, retaining some gilding on one face, moulded neck, a pair of straps, on a portion of its wooden haft; the second with tapering head of flattened-diamond section, pierced with a series of slots and circles, tapering moulded socket (pitted); and the third with tapering leaf-shaped blade of flattened-diamond section, and tapering moulded socket the first: 20.5cm; 8 1/8in head (3)

406

Provenance The first: Parke-Bernet Galleries Inc., New York, 25th November 1953, lot 67 JWHA Inv. Nos. 3353, 3331, 539 ‡ £300-400 406 TWO AUSTRIAN SPONTOONS, EARLY 18TH CENTURY the first with tapering central blade, a pair of shaped basal lugs, tapering socket formed with three raised mouldings, a pair of straps, on a wooden haft; the second of regulation type, with leaf-shaped head wasted at the base, etched with the crowned Imperial eagle on each face, and tapering socket the first: 26cm; 10 1/4in head (2) Provenance The first: The Armoury of Archduke Eugen, Fortress Hohenwerfen, Salzburg, Austria, sold Anderson Galleries, New York, 1st - 5th March 1927, lot 977 The second: Ernst Schmidt, Munich, 5th June 1930 JWHA Inv. No. 188, 1120 ‡ £300-400

227


407 THREE MILITARY SPONTOONS, SECOND QUARTER OF THE 18TH CENTURY, PROBABLY AUSTRIAN the first with leaf-shaped blade decorated on each face with the crowned Imperial double eagle, moulded at the base, tapering socket with moulded crossbar, a pair of straps, on its wooden haft (shortened); the second with triangular blade, pierced base decorated with a central heart, retaining traces of etched decoration, perhaps including the Imperial eagle, moulded tapering socket, on its wooden haft; the third with tapering head formed with a central ridge, a pair of basal lugs and a further pair of down-turned crescentic lugs, tapering socket, on a wooden haft the first: 27cm; 10 5/8in head (3) Provenance The first: Liberty & Co Ltd, London, 4th May 1930 The second: Max Williams, New York, sold Anderson Galleries, New York, 1st July 1954, lot 71 The third: Dr. Bashford Dean, New York, 28th September 1929 JWHA Inv. No. 1178, 497, 858 ‡ £400-700

407

408 FOUR MILITARY SPONTOONS, 18TH CENTURY the first Prussian with leaf-shaped blade formed with three pairs of basal lugs, etched on each face with the crowned royal cypher ‘FWR’ above a vacant panel, moulded tapering socket, a pair of straps, on a wooden haft; the second Saxon, circa 1730, for a sergeant of infantry, with leaf-shaped blade, pierced at the base and formed with a pair of lugs, moulded socket, a pair of straps, on a wooden haft; the third perhaps Hanoverian, circa 1740-60, with leaf-shaped blade, tapering socket fitted with moulded crossbar, a pair of langets, on a wooden haft; the fourth Prussian, etched with the crowned Royal cypher ‘FR’ and the regimental title ‘Reg: F:Z: Hohenloe’ on one side and ‘Lieut: V: Raven’ on the other, on a wooden haft the first: 34cm; 13 3/8in head (4) Provenance The first: George L. Maxwell, sold Anderson Galleries, New York, 28th November 1928, lot 45 The second: March Brown, Surrey, England, 14th April 1930 The third: E. Shell, Allston, Massachusetts 21st June 1934 The fourth: Giulia Morosini, sold Parke-Bernet Galleries Inc., New York, 25th November 1953, part of lot JWHA Inv. Nos. 629, 1269, 2166, 3034.1 ‡ £600-800

408

228


409 EIGHT VARIOUS LANCES AND PIKES, 19TH/EARLY 20TH CENTURY the first an American boarding pike, with robust steel head, on its wooden haft; the second an American model 1816 boarding pike, with regulation steel head, and bulbous wooden haft; the third for the Indian Army, with regulation steel head, on its bamboo haft; the fourth and fifth with steel spike, each on its wooden haft (one strap losses); the sixth probably German, with steel head and shoe each struck with arsenal markings, and wooden haft; the seventh of regulation type, adapted for a flag or pendant; and the eighth with spear blade of hollow triangular section, formed with a medial ridge, tapering socket, on its wooden haft

(7) Provenance JWHA Inv. Nos. 52, 3235,3082.2, 1052, 1028, 254, 1006, 867 ‥ £200-300

409

229


410

411

American Edged Weapons 410 A RARE CONFEDERATE STATES FOOT OFFICER’S SWORD, CIRCA 1863-65 with curved single-edged blade cut with a long broad fuller on each face, stamped ‘C. Roby, W. Chelmsford., Mass.’, brass hilt pierced and cast in low relief, including the letters ‘CS’ beneath a five-point star on the outside, leather-bound grip retaining a very small portion of plaited wire binding, in a contemporary steel scabbard 89cm; 35in blade Provenance JWHA Inv. No. 3460 Christopher Roby is recorded 1814-99.It has been suggested that the sword was assembled by Boyle & Gamble or Boyle, Gamble & Mitchell, Virginia. ‡ £1000-2000

230

411 A RARE CONFEDERATE STATES BRASS TRIPLE-BAR HILT SABRE, CIRCA 1862-3 based on the model of 1850, with curved fullered blade double-edged towards the point, brass triple-bar hilt (loose), stamped ‘756’ inside the guard, moulded cap pommel, and the grip bound with leather and simple copper wire binding 78cm; 30 3/4in blade Provenance Walpole Galleries, New York, 31st May 1927, lot 290 JWHA Inv. No. 315 James Winner is recorded 1790-1824 and was a highly regarded bladesmith ‡ £800-1200 Thomas Del Mar Ltd gratefully acknowledges the assistance of John Thillman in preparing the catalogue entries for lots 410 and 411.


412

412 A U.S. 2ND MODEL CAVALRY SABRE, VIRGINIA MANUFACTORY, CIRCA 1806-8 of regulation type, with strongly curved blade cut with a narrow and broad long fuller on each face, stamped ‘J. Winner Fecit’ on the back edge, slotted steel stirrup hilt, wire-bound wooden grip (chipped at the top), in its steel scabbard 100cm; 39 3/8in blade Provenance Milton R. Macintosh, Rhode Island, acquired December 1970, no. 51 JWHA Inv. No. 3616

413

413 A U.S. MODEL 1833 DRAGOON SABRE of regulation type, with curved fullered blade double-edged towards the point, etched on each face with trophies and foliage, and with the motto ‘E. Plurebus Unum’, and the American eagle on one face and ‘U.S.’ on the other, regulation steel hilt (surface rust), fishskin-covered grip, in its steel scabbard 81.2cm; 32in blade Provenance JWHA Inv. No. 3300 ‡ £250-350

James Winner is recorded 1790-1824 and was a highly regarded bladesmith ‡ £600-800

231


414

414 A U.S. MODEL 1833 CAVALRY SABRE, DATED 1838 with pipe-backed blade formed with a hatchet point, engraved ‘N. P. Ames, Cutler, Springfield 1838’ on one face and ‘United States’ on the other, brass triple-bar hilt stamped ‘MPL.’ and ‘Ord’ above the quillon, wire-bound leather-covered grip, in its steel scabbard, stamped ‘MPL/ord’ and ‘WS’ on the drag 86.3cm; 34in blade Provenance JWHA Inv. No. 74 ‡ £300-400 415 A U.S. MODEL 1840 LIGHT ARTILLERY SABRE, DATED 1865 of regulation type, with curved blade stamped ‘US/ADK’ with the date at the forte on one face and with Ames manufacturing inscription and the serial number ‘252’ on the other, brass hilt, leather-covered wire-bound grip, in its steel scabbard 83cm; 32 3/4in blade

232

415

416

Provenance Milton R. Macintosh, Rhode Island, acquired December 1970, no. 11 JWHA Inv. No. 3574 ‡ £150-250 416 A U.S. MODEL 1840 HEAVY CAVALRY DRAGOON SABRE, DATED 1847 of regulation type, stamped ‘N.P. Ames/Cabotville’ and with the date at the forte, brass hilt, leather-covered wire-bound grip, in its steel scabbard 91.5cm; 36 1/8in blade Provenance Milton R. Macintosh, Rhode Island, acquired December 1970, no.19 JWHA Inv. No. 3574 ‡ £250-350


417

417 A U.S. MODEL 1850 STAFF AND FIELD OFFICER’S SWORD with curved regulation blade etched with scrolls of foliage and trophies on each face, the letters ‘US’ on one face, and ‘E. Pluribus Unum’ and an American eagle charged with a thirteen star shield on the other, etched with the maker’s details ‘W.H. Horstmann & Sons, Philadelphia’ at the forte and ‘iron proof’ on the back-edge, regulation brass hilt pierced with foliage and ‘US’, wire-bound fishskin-covered grip, in its steel scabbard 85.4cm; 33 5/8in blade Provenance JWHA Inv. No. 3458 ‡ £350-500 418 A U.S. MODEL 1850 STAFF AND FIELD OFFICER’S SWORD with curved regulation blade etched with scrolls of foliage and trophies on each face, the letters ‘US’ on one face, and ‘E. Pluribus Unum’ and an American eagle charged with a thirteen star shield on the other, etched ‘iron proof’ on the back-edge, regulation brass hilt pierced with foliage, cap pommel

418

419

engraved with the American shield enclosed by nineteen stars, wire-bound fishskin-covered grip, in its steel scabbard with brass mounts, the middle band and locket each punched with stars 80.5cm; 31 3/4in blade Provenance JWHA Inv. No. 3297 ‡ £350-550 419 A U.S. MODEL 1860 CAVALRY SWORD, DATED 1864 with regulation blade stamped ‘Ames Mfg/Chicopee/Mass’ and the date at the forte, regulation brass hilt, wire-bound leathercovered grip, in its steel scabbard 89cm; 35in blade Provenance Milton R. Macintosh, Rhode Island, acquired December 1970, no.45 JWHA Inv. No. 3586 ‡ £200-300

233


420

420 A U.S. MODEL 1860 CAVALRY SWORD, DATED 1864 with regulation blade stamped ‘Ames Mfg/Chicopee/Mass’ (rubbed) and the date at the forte, regulation brass hilt, wirebound leather-covered grip, in its steel scabbard 89cm; 35in blade Provenance Milton R. Macintosh, Rhode Island, acquired December 1970, no.5 JWHA Inv. No. 3576 ‡ £250-300

421

422

422 A U.S. MODEL 1872 CAVALRY OFFICER’S SABRE Of regulation type, with etched blade including the maker’s name ‘Henry D. C. Dubois’ on one face and with the maker’s details ‘ Oak Hall Clothing Co., Boston MA’ at the forte, regulation brass hilt, wire-bound fishskin-covered grip, in its scabbard 86cm; 33 7/8in blade Provenance Milton R. Macintosh, Rhode Island, acquired December 1970, no.4 JWHA Inv. No. 3604 ‡ £150-250

421 A U.S. NON REGULATION OFFICER’S SABRE, CIRCA 18615 with curved German blade double-edged towards the tip, etched with the American eagle above the inscription ‘E. Pluribus Unum’ on one side and ‘US’ on the other (rubbed, indistinct), the forte marked ‘iron proof’ on the back edge and ‘Solingen’ on one face, steel gothic hilt including the American eagle charged with a thirteen star shield beneath ‘E Pluribus Unum’ and above ‘US’, and wire-bound fishskin-covered grip 81.5cm; 32 1/8in blade

423 A U.S. NAVAL SHORT SWORD, SECOND QUARTER OF THE 19TH CENTURY with curved single-edged blade (edge nicks), steel hilt comprising figure-of-eight shaped guard, stamped ‘US’ (rubbed) on the outer face, and cast ribbed grip 70cm; 27 1/2in blade

Provenance JWHA Inv. No. 3546

‡ £150-200

‡ £200-300

234

Provenance JWHA Inv. No. 2073.1


426

424 A U.S. MODEL 1852 NAVAL OFFICER’S SWORD with etched regulation blade (edge nicks, worn), regulation pierced brass hilt, and wire-bound fishskin-covered grip 73.4cm; 28 7/8in blade Provenance Anderson Galleries Inc., New York, 31st May 1927, lot 290 JWHA Inv. No. 316 ‡ £120-180 425 FOUR SCABBARDS AND TWO SWORD KNOTS, 19TH CENTURY the first probably German, of brass-mounted leather; the second and third for a U.S. staff and field officer’s swords (chapes missing); the fourth for a U.S. naval officer; the fifth for a US society sword; the fifth with ribbon embroidered with silver wire, and bullion know with three silver stars; and the sixth of gold ribbon, with bullion knot and two stars (the third star missing) (6)

426 A HALBERD, FIRST HALF OF THE 18TH CENTURY, PROBABALY AMERICAN AND AN AMERICAN MILITARY LANCE, 19TH CENTURY the first of rudimentary construction, with leaf-shaped central blade of flattened diamond section, small axe-blade formed with three low projections top and bottom, down-curved rear spike, and tapering socket (chipped); the second with leafshaped head formed with a medial ridge, stamped ‘ARNACHELLOM SALEM’ on one side, tapering socket, on its bamboo haft (shortened) the first: 32cm; 12 3/8in head Provenance The second: Dr. Bashford Dean, Riverdale, New York, 28th September 1929, no. 184 JWHA Inv. Nos. 24, 973 ‡ £150-250

Provenance JWHA Inv. Nos. 100,116, 117, 118, 3561, 107, 108 ‡ £150-250

235


427 427 A TRENCH PIKE; TWO SPEARS; AND A PIKE PROBABALY AMERICAN, LAST QUARTER OF THE 18TH/EARLY 19TH CENTURY the first with tapering blade flat on one face and formed with a medial ridge on the other, tapering socket, on a wooden haft; the second with leaf-shaped blade of flattened rounded section (tip chipped), tapering socket, on a wooden haft; the third European or American with leaf-shaped head pierced with two longitudinal panels, on its haft bound with steel ribbon and the fourth with long spike formed with a pair of basal lugs, tapering socket, on a velvet-covered wooden haft the first: 56.5cm; 22 1/4in head (4) Provenance The first: Samuel Spanierman, New York, 6th December 1934 The second: March Brown, Surrey, England, 14th April 1930 The third: The fourth: Burghard Steiner, Riverdale-on-Hudson, New York, sold Walpole Galleries, New York, 26th January 1927 JWHA Inv. Nos. 2230,1268, 51, 75 ‡ £150-250

236

428 428 A SO-CALLED JOE BROWN OR GEORGIA RETRACTING BLADE PIKE, CIRCA 1862 with retracting leaf-shaped blade (areas of pitting), two-piece wooden haft retained by two brass and one iron band, weighted base, and iron blade lever with spring catch 38cm; 15in blade Provenance William M. Locke, Cincinnati, Ohio, 15th August 1944 JWHA Inv. No. 2774 ‡ £300-500


429

430

Militaria 429 A GEORGIAN GORGET, CIRCA 1810-20 of unmarked silver, with plain turned edges, engraved with the crowned Royal cypher ‘GR’ between fronds of foliage Provenance Theodore Offerman, sold York Galleries, New York, 20th April 1928 JWHA Inv. No. 368 ‡ £500-700

430 A FRENCH OFFICER’S GORGET, SECOND REPUBLIC AND ANOTHER, FOR A MARINE OFFICER the first of gilt brass, fitted with white metal cockerel above crossed fasces, retaining its lining; and the second applied with a silver anchor the first: 11.5cm; 4 1/2in across (2) Provenance The second: Dr. Bashford Dean, Riverdale, New York, 28th September 1929 JWHA Inv. No. 222, 3526 ‡ £200-300

237


431 A CAVALRY BREASTPLATE, SECOND HALF OF THE 18TH CENTURY, AUSTRIAN OR GERMAN formed in one piece of blackened steel, with medial ridge, extending over the shoulders, fitted with a stud on each side of the chest for straps, a down-turned hook on each side and a central stud for a belt, retaining its buff leather lining and the neck and arm openings, and original hessian lining 40.5cm; 16in high Provenance The Armoury of Archduke Eugen, Fortress Hohenwerfen, Salzburg, Austria, sold Anderson Galleries, New York, 1st - 5th March 1927, part of lot 666 JWHA Inv. No. 3067.1 ‡ £500-700

431 432 A CAVALRY BREASTPLATE, LATE 18TH/EARLY 19TH CENTURY, AUSTRIAN OR GERMAN formed in one piece of blackened steel, with medial ridge, extending over the shoulders (one with an early repair), fitted with a stud on each side of the chest for straps, a down-turned hook on each side and a central stud for a belt, retaining its buff leather lining and the neck and arm openings, and pierced at the basal flange for a lining 40.5cm; 16in high Provenance The Armoury of Archduke Eugen, Fortress Hohenwerfen, Salzburg, Austria, sold Anderson Galleries, New York, 1st - 5th March 1927, part of lot 666 JWHA Inv. No. 261 ‡ £350-450

432

433 A CONTINENTAL CAVALRY CUIRASS, 19TH CENTURY the breastplate formed with a medial ridge and flanged out at the base, fitted with a pair of brass studs at the front for the attachment of shoulder straps, the back-plate formed en suite (straps and belt missing), studded throughout with brass studs and with brass lined edges 35.5cm; 14in high (2) Provenance JWHA Inv. No. 223 ‡ £300-500

433

238


434 A CONTINENTAL CAVALRY HELMET AND CUIRASS, LATE 19TH CENTURY comprising helmet with steel skull, fitted with gilt-brass crest with white fur plume, brass helmet plate with white metal star, leather-backed chin-scales, and brass-bound peak, breastplate formed with a medial ridge and recessed border, fitted with a pair of studs for shoulder straps, studded throughout with brass studs, matching backplate, complete with its shoulder scales and leather belt the helmet:30cm; 11 3/4in high (3) Provenance Giulia Morosini, sold American Art Association, New York, 10th15th October 1932, part of lot 123 JWHA Inv. No. 1853, 1854 ‡ £400-600

435 A FRENCH CAVALRY CUIRASS, EARLY 19TH CENTURY AND ANOTHER, PROBABLY FRENCH EARLY 19TH CENTURY the first formed with a medial ridge, flanged out at the base and signed ‘Perelle a Paris’ (indistinct), fitted with a pair of brass studs for shoulder straps, studded throughout with brass rivets, and with plain turns at the arms and neck; the second similar, unsigned, and with brass lined borders throughout the first: 32cm; 12 5/8in high (2)

434

Provenance The first: The Armoury of Archduke Eugen, Fortress Hohenwerfen, Salzburg, Austria, sold Anderson Galleries, New York, 1st - 5th March 1927, part of lot 666 The second: Fenton & Sons Ltd, London, 1926 JWHA Inv. Nos. 23, 250 ‡ £300-500

435

436 A CAVALRY BREASTPLATE, GERMAN OR AUSTRIAN, EARLY 19TH CENTURY formed with a medial ridge, flanged outwards at the base, fitted with two studs on each side of the chest for shoulder straps, two down-turned hooks and a central stud for a belt, struck with the proof mark of a bullet, and pierced for a lining at the borders 32.5cm; 12 3/4in high Provenance The Armoury of Archduke Eugen, Fortress Hohenwerfen, Salzburg, Austria, sold Anderson Galleries, New York, 1st - 5th March 1927, part of lot 670 JWHA Inv. No. 166 ‡ £300-500

436

239


437 A RARE ARTICULATED BREASTPLATE, PROBABALY FRENCH W.W.I formed of seven rounded articulated plates, with curved neck and arm openings, rounded at the base, and with provision for shoulder straps (missing) 57cm; 22 1/2in high Provenance Sumner Healey, New York, 10th December 1926 JWHA Inv. No. 17 ‡ £200-300

437 438 A GERMAN MODEL 1917 BREASTPLATE of regulation type, retaining its three lower plates attached by straps (one broken), and its original pads 61cm; 24in high Provenance Fenton & Sons Ltd, London, 27th April 1930 JWHA Inv. No. 1169.1 ‡ £400-600

438

439 A GERMAN (HESSE) FIELD ARTILLERY OFFICER’S PICKELHAUBE, CIRCA 1897-1915 with black leather skull, brass helmet plate and chin-scales, brass screw in central finial retained by three fluted rivets (one missing, leather neck defense loose), and leather head band, with its lining 21cm; 8 1/4in high Provenance Ethel Slawsby, 8th February 1982 JWHA Inv. No. 1982.01.1 ‡ £300-400

439 440 A GERMAN (PRUSSIAN) OFFICER’S PICKELHAUBE, CIRCA 1897-1915 with black leather skull, brass helmet plate and chin-scales, brass central finial retained by four fluted rivets, leather head band, with its lining; together with a detached pickelhaube spike the first: 9cm; 23in high Provenance The first: Ethel Slawsby, 8th February 1982

440

JWHA Inv. Nos. 1982.01.2, 2126 ‡ £400-600

240


441 A GERMAN MODEL 1916 STAHLHEM, CIRCA 1916-18 pierced by a bullet twice through the brow, and a further hole at the base on the right side 16.5cm; 6 1/2in high Provenance Taken from the battlefield at Verdun by Higgins in August 1926

441

442

JWHA Inv. No. 223 ‡ £100-150 442 A GERMAN MODEL 1916 STAHLHEM, CIRCA 1916-18 pierced by a bullet through the bow and exiting at the back 17cm; 6 3/4in high Provenance Taken from the battlefield at Verdun by Higgins in August 1926

443

JWHA Inv. No. 222 ‡ £150-200 443 A GERMAN MODEL 1916 STAHLHEM, CIRCA 1916-18 17cm; 6 3/4in high Provenance JWHA Inv. No. 229 ‡ £150-200 444 AN ITALIAN FARINA TRENCH HELMET, CIRCA 1916-18 of characteristic form, with reinforce of four layered plates, retaining its chinstrap and some paint 12.5cm; 5in high

444

Provenance JWHA Inv. No. 425 ‡ £150-200 445 TWO FRENCH MODEL 1915 STEEL HELMETS each with ‘RF’ flaming grenade helmet plate (one incomplete, chinstraps missing) 14cm; 5 1/2in high (2)

445

Provenance Taken from the battlefield at Verdun by Higgins in August 1926 JWHA Inv. Nos. 221.1, 221.2 ‡ £80-120 446 A GERMAN MODEL 1935 STEEL HELMET retaining some painted decoration and with its leather liner 15cm; 6in high

446

Provenance JWHA Inv. No. 411 ‡ £150-250

241


447

447 EIGHT EXPERIMENTAL HELMETS, SOME PART CONSTRUCTED, CIRCA 1917-18 almost certainly made by the Worcester Pressed Steel Company, including an experimental ‘Liberty Bell’ model 1918 helmet, two British American type helmets, four production stage helmets, unfinished, and another, perhaps a failed pressing (8) Provenance JWHA Inv. Nos. 2138, 413, 2596.2, 424, 456, 455, 412, 454 ‡ £200-300

242

448

448 A U.S. W.W.I TRENCH KNIFE, DATED 1917 with blued tapering blade of triangular section, spiked blued steel knuckle-guard, and beech wood grip 36cm; 14 1/4 overall ‡ £250-400


449

449 WORCESTER PRESSED STEEL COMPANY: ELEVEN STAGES OF BAYONET SCABBARD PRODUCTION FOR THE MODEL 1915 WINCHESTER BAYONET FOR RUSSIA, CIRCA 1915 comprising solid former and eleven developmental stages of bayonet production (13) ‡ £100-150

243


450

Miscellanea 450 A GERMAN LARGE FLASK OF TINNED IRON, 17TH CENTURY of short rounded bottle-shaped form, with four feet, faceted neck with hinged lid , the sides with four rectangular loops for straps and applied with embossed brass bands, carrying chain of large links with a rounded handle, and retaining much tinned finish throughout 31cm; 12 1/4in high

244

Provenance The Armoury of Archduke Eugen, Fortress Hohenwerfen, Salzburg, Austria, sold Anderson Galleries, New York, 1st - 5th March 1927, part of lot 457 JWHA Inv. No. 160 ‥ £500-700


451

451 A FLEMISH TARGET CROSSBOW, LATE 17TH/18TH CENTURY with robust steel bow stamped with three star marks on the inside and a further mark, retained by a pair of moulded irons with shaped finials (cord missing), walnut tiller with flaring rest of characteristic form, applied with a large brass panel of shaped outline on each side of the nut cavity (nut missing), fitted with later steel cord release, double set trigger, brass lined bolt channel, brass trigger-guard, heart-shaped iron stirrup, and the rear of the tiller fitted with an adjustable steel rest (losses) 96cm; 37 3/4in tiller Provenance Anderson Galleries Inc., New York, 16th March 1927, lot 313 JWHA Inv. No. 196

452

452 A FLEMISH TARGET CROSSBOW, LATE 17TH/18TH CENTURY with robust steel bow retained by a pair of moulded irons (loose, cord missing), walnut tiller with rest of characteristic form, applied with a large steel panel on each side of the nut cavity, steel nut, bolt channel with later copper lining, the upper portion of the tiller inlaid with two foliate shaped panels (one missing), fitted with an additional finger rest, moulded iron trigger-guard, and iron stirrup 92.5cm; 36 1/2in tiller Provenance Parke-Bernet Galleries Inc., New York, 17th November 1944 JWHA Inv. No. 2279 ‡ £250-350

‡ £1000-1200

245


453 A CONTINENTAL EPROUVETTE, LATE 17TH CENTURY based on the design of Surirey de Saint-Remy, with low tubular iron pan, moulded cover incorporated as an extension of the numbered ratchet wheel (numbering rubbed), robust mainspring with thumbscrew for adjusting tension, on a wooden base retained by a pair of early bolts with lever nuts 24.4cm; 9 5/8in long Provenance Sumner Healey, New York, 1st February 1933, no. 41 JWHA Inv. No. 1942

453

Literature R. T. W. Kempers, Eprouvettes, A Comprehensive Study of Early Devices for the Testing of Gunpowder, Leeds, 1998, p. 91, fig. 72 ‡ £250-350

454 A LIÈGOIS PERCUSSION EPROUVETTE, CIRCA 1840-5 with very short barrel stamped with Liège proof mark on the left, fitted with numbered ratchet wheel with lever release beneath, scroll-engraved box-lock action, and associated butt 13.5cm; 5 3/8in overall Provenance Albert R. Louis, sold Walpole Galleries, New York, 22nd February 1927, lot 22 JWHA Inv. No. 113 ‡ £150-200

454 455 A FLINTLOCK TINDER LIGHTER, 18TH CENTURY formed entirely of steel with box-shaped body with hinged side panel on the left for tinder, fitted at the front with a steel and on the right with external mechanism, extending at the rear to a globular finial, and with a pair of legs at the front (patinated overall) 20.2cm; 8in overall Provenance Dr. Bashford Dean, Riverdale, New York, 23rd November 1928, no. 1 JWHA Inv. No. 595 ‡ £100-150

455

246


456 THREE BULLET MOULDS, 17TH/19TH CENTURIES the first of iron, with provision for twelve balls of approximately 14 bore, slotted terminal for a locking wedge, and a pair of integral handles with curved terminals (pitted); the second with brass mould for four balls of approximately 40, 28, 20 and 14 bore, marked ‘IM’ on the outside, and turned wooden handles; and the last for a single 20 bore ball, with integral spru-cutter and handles the first: 50cm; 19 3/4in overall (3) Provenance The first: Robert Abels, New York, 21st April 1949 The second and third: Milton R. Macintosh, Rhode Island, acquired December 1970, nos. 274, 279 JWHA Inv. No. 2199, 3745, 3750 ‡ £120-180

456

457 A RARE LENGTH OF FUSE-ROPE, 17TH CENTURY, AUSTRIAN OR GERMAN for use with a linstock, of spun fibre, probably straw, approximately finger thickness, and preserved in good condition Provenance The Armoury of Archduke Eugen, Fortress Hohenwerfen, Salzburg, Austria, sold Anderson Galleries, New York, 1st - 5th March 1927, part of lot 959 JWHA Inv. No. 244 ‡ £200-300

457 458 A RARE LENGTH OF FUSE-ROPE, 17TH CENTURY, AUSTRIAN OR GERMAN for use with a linstock, of spun fibre, probably straw, approximately finger thickness, and preserved in good condition Provenance The Armoury of Archduke Eugen, Fortress Hohenwerfen, Salzburg, Austria, sold Anderson Galleries, New York, 1st - 5th March 1927, part of lot 959 JWHA Inv. No. 185 ‡ £200-300

458

247


459 AN IRON CANNON BALL, BY TRADITION FROM THE BATTLE OF LEXINGTON, 19TH APRIL 1775 of cast iron, together with a modern hand written label 6cm; 2 3/8in diameter The inscription reads: ’brought home from Revolutionary War by our ancestor, Benjamin Parker (1723-1801). He fought in battle at Lexington, April 19th 1775 at Merriam’s Corner and Hardy’s Hill. Lived at Chelmsford now Lowell, Mass., at 137 Pine Street’ Provenance James Baird, Petersham, Massachusetts JWHA Inv. No. 2006 ‡ £80-120

460

460 AN ITALIAN COMBINED TURNSCREW AND WHEEL-LOCK SPANNER, CIRCA 1620-50 AND A WHEEL-LOCK SPANNER, 17TH CENTURY the first with moulded stem decorated with file roped mouldings (turn-screw tip missing), fitted in the centre with a rotating bar, and T-shaped head with a spanner aperture at each end; the second with recurved moulded body, and pierced head the first:13.7cm; 5 3/8in long (2) Provenance The first: Fenton & Sons Ltd, London, 20th April 1931 The second: Louis Bachereau, Paris, 27th May 1930 JWHA Inv. Nos. 1246, 1477 ‡ £100-150

461 AN AUSTRIAN MUSKETEER’S POWDER-FLASK, EARLY 17TH CENTURY formed of wooden panels bound by iron strips, with curved body of rectangular section, fitted with tapering nozzle with spring cut-off, four rings for suspension, belt hook and the outer face with a stylised flowerhead panel (two iron strips missing, worn) 32cm; 12 5/8in overall

461

Provenance The Armoury of Archduke Eugen, Fortress Hohenwerfen, Salzburg, Austria, sold Anderson Galleries, New York, 1st - 5th March 1927, part of lot 229 JWHA Inv. No. 148 ‡ £250-350

248


462 AN ITALIAN POWDER-FLASK FORMED ENTIRELY OF STEEL, LAST QUARTER OF THE 16TH CENTURY with tapering body of ‘D’ section, elaborately fluted outer face enriched with very narrow engraved panels and ropework, engraved with scrollwork on the inner face and the base, fitted with engraved belt hook, engraved moulded nozzle hinged at the base for refilling, decorated en suite with the body, and with spring cut-off (spring loose, areas of pitting) 24.5cm; 9 3/4in high Provenance Angelo Peyron, Florence, Italy, sold Savoy Art & Auction Galleries, New York, 4th November 1954, lot 198 JWHA Inv. No. 3075 ‡ £1000-1200

463 A FLINTLOCK SPRING TRAP GUN, EARLY 19TH CENTURY with steel barrel belled at the muzzle, rounded lock of military type, operated by a long pivoted lever projecting towards the muzzle and fitted with two rings, iron-bound wooden stock formed in two pieces encasing most of the barrel, and fitted with adjustable iron pivot mount beneath (the steel parts pitted)  46.2cm; 18 1/4in

462

Provenance Louis P. Harm & Co. London, purchased by Charter S. Higgins and given to John Woodman Higgins on his birthday, 1st September 1938 JWHA Inv. No. 2503 ‡ £400-500

463

249


464 A GERMAN DETACHED WHEEL-LOCK, LAST QUARTER OF THE 17TH CENTURY with flat lockplate formed with a shaped terminal, fitted with internal wheel, sliding pan-cover (button release missing), flash-guard (bent) and pierced engraved dog, decorated on the plate with deer pursued by hounds and a hunter in an enclosure, and with a pelican in piety on the dog (worn) 23.5cm; 9 1/4in Provenance Fenton & Sons Ltd, London, 20th April 1931

464

JWHA Inv. No. 1474 ‡ £250-350

465 A GERMAN DETACHED WHEEL-LOCK FROM A MÜLLERBÜCHSE BY NEHLER DESSAU, LATE 17TH CENTURY with stepped bevelled lock plate fitted with internal wheel, flash-guard, sliding pan-cover mechanism (cover missing), and dog, engraved with Diana, cupid and foliage (worn), and signed beneath the wheel 17.5cm; 6 7/8in Provenance George L. Maxwell, sold Anderson Galleries, New York, 28th November 1928, lot 49

465

JWHA Inv. No. 630 ‡ £200-250

466 A BOHEMIAN DETACHED WHEEL-LOCK BY J. G. BOLTZ, CARLSBAD, CIRCA 1700 with stepped bevelled lock plate formed with a shaped finial at the rear, fitted with internal wheel, flash-guard, sliding pancover, and dog, signed on the fence (indistinct), decorated over its surface with an enclosed hunting scene with a town in the background, and the dog decorated with a hound and a monster (worn) 20.5cm; 8in

466

Provenance George L. Maxwell, sold Anderson Galleries, New York, 28th November 1928, lot 53 JWHA Inv. No. 631 ‡ £200-250

250


467 469

468 470

European and American Firearms 467 A .44 CALIBRE COLT MODEL 1860 MODEL ARMY REVOLVER, NO. 166134 FOR 1868 of standard production specifications, the barrel with traces of address, revarnished walnut butt, and with matching numbers (refinished throughout) 20.5cm; 8 1/8in barrel Provenance Milton R. Macintosh, Rhode Island, acquired December 1970, no. 180 JWHA Inv. No. 3647 ‡ £400-600 468 A 50 BORE BELGIAN SIX-SHOT PIN-FIRE REVOLVER, LIÈGE PROOF, NO. 16285, CIRCA 1860 with two-stage barrel (fore-sight removed) stamped ‘E. Lefaucheux Brevete’ on the left, engraved cylinder decorated with neo-rococo ornament and retaining traces of blued finish, engraved frame numbered on the left, with loading gate and clearing rod on the right, folding trigger, and chequered butt 15.5cm; 6 1/8in barrel Provenance Milton R. Macintosh, Rhode Island, acquired December 1970, no. 202

469 A 120 BORE D.B. FLEMISH FLINTLOCK POCKET PISTOL IN THE ENGLISH TASTE, EARLY 19TH CENTURY with turn-off barrels, engraved box-lock action decorated with flowers carrying vacant escutcheons, sliding thumb-piece safety-catch, figured walnut butt, brass pommel formed as a monsterhead, and engraved steel trigger-guard (the steel parts cleaned) 4cm; 1 1/2in barrels Provenance Walpole Galleries, New York, 31st May 1927, lot 469 JWHA Inv. No. 347 ‡ £400-500 470 AN 80 BORE ENGLISH FLINTLOCK POCKET PISTOL BY PARKES, BIRMINGHAM PRIVATE PROOF MARKS, CIRCA 1790 with turn-off cannon barrel, box-lock action signed on a rococo scroll on the left and engraved with further scrolls on the right, flat-sided walnut butt inlaid with silver wire rococo scrolls, silver escutcheon engraved with the owner’s initials ‘JW’ and crest, and engraved steel sliding trigger-guard safety-catch 4.8cm; 1 7/8in barrel Provenance Milton R. Macintosh, Rhode Island, acquired December 1970, no. 133 JWHA Inv. No. 3694

JWHA Inv. No. 3791

The maker is probably John Parkes, recorded 1766-88

‡ £250-300

The owner’s crest is that of Wentworth. ‡ £250-300

251


471

472

471 AN AUSTRIAN TUBE-LOCK BLUNDERBUSS, THE LOCK DATED 1854 with earlier barrel formed in two stages, flaring to an elliptical muzzle and grooved over the breech and tang, Austrian regulation lock dated 1854, walnut half-stock of regulation type (shortened, cracked opposite the lock), and associated steel butt-plate 65.5cm; 25 3/4in barrel Provenance The Armoury of Archduke Eugen, Fortress Hohenwerfen, Salzburg, Austria, sold Anderson Galleries, New York, 1st - 5th March 1927, part of lot 226 JWHA Inv. No. 291 ‡ £300-500 472 A 28 BORE ENGLISH PERCUSSION UNDERHAMMER WALKING STICK GUN, BIRMINGHAM PROOF MARKS, CIRCA 1860 of Day’s patent type, with tapering sighted barrel threaded at the breech, rounded under-hammer action with folding trigger, stamped ‘2’ on the left, and figured hardwood grip inset with a threaded steel collar, perhaps for a spare hammer (missing, worn) 70cm; 27 5/8in barrel Provenance JWHA Inv. No. 3218 ‡ £200-300

252

473 A 20 BORE AUSTRIAN FLINTLOCK RIFLED SPORTING CARBINE BY ANTON KLEIN IN WIENN, CIRCA 1740-60 with heavy octagonal barrel rifled with seven grooves, signed over the breech and engraved with scrolls, engraved tang numbered ‘2’, signed rounded lock, double set trigger, figured walnut full stock (fore-end chips, small cracks and repairs), carved with foliage behind the rear ramrod-pipe and about the barrel tang, the butt carved with further foliage, carved raised cheek-piece on the left and patchbox with carved sliding cover on the right, steel mounts including trigger-guard with wooden scrolling rear portion, butt-plate, solid side-plate and three ramrod-pipes (ramrod missing) 63.5cm; 25in barrel Provenance Dr. Bashford Dean, Riverdale, New York, 28th September 1929, no. 73 JWHA Inv. No. 958 ‡ £800-1000


473

474

475

474 A .71 CALIBRE U.S. MODEL 1795 FLINTLOCK MUSKET FOR THE CHARLESTON CITY GUARD of regulation type, with sighted barrel retained by three steel bands, stamped ‘Charleston City Guard’ over the breech, regulation lock signed ‘Miles’, walnut full stock (fore-end cracked), marked ‘21’ (filled) on the left of the butt, regulation steel mounts and steel ramrod 113.7cm; 44 3/4in barrel Provenance Milton R. Macintosh, Rhode Island, acquired December 1970, no. 223 JWHA Inv. No. 3572 John Miles took over Robert McCormick’s uncompleted contract of 1799 and delivered 3,025 muskets of this pattern in 1801-2. ‡ £800-1000

475 A .400 CALIBRE AMERICAN PERCUSSION LONG ‘KENTUCKY’ RIFLE, SECOND QUARTER IOF THE 19TH CENTURY with heavy octagonal barrel stamped with a series of stars around the muzzle face, stamped ‘L*L’ over the breech and fitted with German silver- fore-sight, the tang pierced with two holes and retained by a single screw (cracked), flat lock signed ‘Henry Parker Warranted’ and engraved with a game bird, double set trigger, figured maple full stock, slender butt with raised cheek-piece on the left, brass mounts of shaped outline, comprising faceted trigger-guard, vestigial side-plate, buttplate, three ramrod-pipes, and fore-end cap(later ramrod, the steel parts cleaned with chemicals) 86cm; 33 7/8in barrel Provenance Milton R. Macintosh, Rhode Island, acquired December 1970, no. 239 JWHA Inv. No. 3617 ‡ £500-800

253


476

477

476 A 16 BORE COMPOSITE GERMAN FLINTLOCK SPORTING GUN, CIRCA 1760 with two-stage swamped sighted barrel, rounded lock, walnut half-stock carved with rococo scrolls in low relief, including a stag in a foliate frame behind the cheek-piece, brass mounts, and steel ramrod of regulation type 93.5cm; 36 7/8in barrel

477 A 20 BORE GERMAN BUTT RESERVOIR AIRGUN, MID18TH CENTURY with tapering barrel moulded at the muzzle, threaded breech fitted with a moulded brass washer, brass action incorporating the valve and an integral v-shaped back-sight, fitted with steel flintlock mechanism with lever trigger release (probably a working replacement), and large brass butt reservoir (early repairs, reservoir valve loose) 104cm; 41in barrel

Provenance The Armoury of Archduke Eugen, Fortress Hohenwerfen, Salzburg, Austria, sold Anderson Galleries, New York, 1st - 5th March 1927, part of lot 226

Provenance JWHA Inv. No. 2095

JWHA Inv. No. 147

‡ £400-600

‡ £300-500

254


478

478 A MASSIVE PERCUSSION PUNT GUN, MID-19TH CENTURY with tapering multi-stage barrel retained by robust brass bands and formed with chiselled mouldings, octagonal breech formed with a moulding ahead of the percussion bolster, backaction lock, figured hardwood three-quarter stock with carved butt, and brass fore-end cap 322.5cm; 127in barrel 4.5cm; 1 3/4in bore

Provenance Max Williams, New York, sold Anderson Galleries, New York, 7th March 1928 JWHA Inv. No. 499 ‥ £1000-1400

255


479

480 479 A 40 BORE AUSTRIAN COMPOSITE WHEEL-LOCK SPORTING RIFLE, CIRCA 1730-50 with swamped octagonal sighted barrel rifled with eight grooves, engraved flat lock decorated with a stag pursued by a mounted hunter and a hound, and bold scrolls of foliage, fitted with external wheel, flash-guard and sliding pan, dog engraved en suite, figured walnut full stock (fore-end chipped), carved with scrolls and foliage matching the lock, the butt with raised cheek-piece on the left, brass-lined thumb recess on the spine and patchbox with brass-mounted sliding cover on the right, brass mounts including engraved shaped side-plate, triggerguard shaped for the fingers (the forward portion detached), and associated horn-tipped ramrod 91.5cm; 36in barrel Provenance JWHA Inv. No. 2087 ‡ £500-800

480 A 14 BORE GERMAN WHEEL-LOCK SPORTING RIFLE, SECOND QUARTER OF THE 17TH CENTURY AND LATER with octagonal swamped sighted barrel rifled with eight grooves, engraved with a symmetrical pattern of scrolling foliage over much of its surface, an eagle displayed, and grooved over the breech, flat lock engraved with a seated male figure playing a lyre, surrounded by exotic beasts including a unicorn, stamped on the inside with an unidentified mark, fitted with external wheel, sliding pan-cover, flash-guard and dog, chip-carved full stock moulded over the fore-end and inlaid with segmental lines of staghorn, the butt carved with scrolls of foliage against a punched recessed ground in the manner of the so-called Meister der Tierkopfranke, inlaid with a plaque engraved with a mounted hunter and a stag on the left and with patchbox (cover missing) on the right, iron triggerguard shaped for the fingers, staghorn butt cap (chipped) and fore-end cap (ramrod-pipe missing, the decoration extensively reworked), and associated ramrod 89.5cm; 35 1/4in barrel Provenance JWHA Inv. No. 2001.108 ‡ £2000-2500

256


481

482 481 A .750 CALIBRE AUSTRIAN MATCHLOCK MUSKET, THIRD QUARTER OF THE 17TH CENTURY with tapering sighted barrel formed in three stages, stamped with Wiener Neustadt mark (Neue Støckel 1759) at the breech and with a further mark on the left, lightly engraved ‘PS’ on the top, square pan fitted with pivot-cover and fence, rounded rectangular lock with shaped serpentine, full stock (cracked ahead of the action, small chips), paddle-shaped butt, iron mounts of characteristic type, comprising trigger-guard, buttplate, two bands forming ramrod-pipes and fore-end cap, and steel tipped ramrod perhaps the original 134.5cm; 53in barrel Provenance Max Williams, New York, sold Anderson Galleries, New York, 7th March 1928, part of lot 34 JWHA Inv. No. 463

482 A .650 CALIBRE GERMAN MATCHLOCK MUSKET, THIRD QUARTER OF THE 17TH CENTURY with octagonal tapering sighted barrel, stamped with traces of a mark at the breech, square pan fitted with shaped pivotcover and fence, rounded rectangular lock with shaped serpentine, blackened full stock (repaired beneath the lock), fish tail shaped butt, iron mounts of characteristic type, comprising rounded trigger-guard, butt-plate, a single band forming a ramrod-pipe and fore-end cap 100cm; 39 1/2in barrel Provenance Max Williams, New York, sold Anderson Galleries, New York, 7th March 1928, part of lot 34 JWHA Inv. No. 461 ‡ £1000-1200

‡ £1500-1200

257


483

484

483 A .750 CALIBRE AUSTRIAN MATCHLOCK MUSKET, THIRD QUARTER OF THE 17TH CENTURY with tapering sighted barrel formed in two stages, stamped with two marks over the breech, Wiener Neustadt mark (Neue Støckel 1759) and the letters ‘HM’, square pan fitted with shaped pivot-cover and fence, rounded rectangular lock with shaped serpentine full stock (small cracks and chips, cleaned down), steel mounts comprising trigger-guard of regulation type (modified in its working life), butt-plate, two bands for ramrod-pipes and fore-end cap, and steel tipped ramrod perhaps the original 109.5cm; 43 1/8in barrel Provenance Probably The Armoury of Archduke Eugen, Fortress Hohenwerfen, Salzburg, Austria, sold Anderson Galleries, New York, 1st - 5th March 1927 JWHA Inv. No. 455 ‡ £800-1000

484 A .700 CALIBRE AUSTRIAN MATCHLOCK MUSKET, LATE 17TH CENTURY with tapering sighted barrel formed in two stages, stamped with two marks over the breech, Wiener Neustadtmark (Neue Støckel 1759) and the letters ‘CP’ in a rosette-shaped recess (rubbed, back-sight removed), rounded lock fitted with pan with pivot-cover and fence, full stock (the fore-end with cracks and chips), steel mounts of regulation type, including triggerguard and two ramrod-pipes, and steel tipped ramrod perhaps the original 110cm; 43 3/8in barrel Provenance The Armoury of Archduke Eugen, Fortress Hohenwerfen, Salzburg, Austria, sold Anderson Galleries, New York, 1st - 5th March 1927 Max Williams, New York, sold Anderson Galleries, New York, 7th March 1928 JWHA Inv. No. 462 ‡ £800-1000

END OF SALE

258


Thomas Del Mar Ltd In association with Sotheby’s

Antique Arms, Armour & Militaria 26th June 2013


Sale Results for 5th December 2012 Prices following prices are the hammer prices GBP/£. Unsold lotas are not shown. Thomas Del Mar Ltd is not responsible for typographical errors or omissions 1

£1000

50

£200

94

£400

145

£350

189

£1300

234

£750

286

£350

334

£1400

2

£750

51

£200

95

£450

146

£1900

190

£1200

235

£1500

287

£27000

335

£550

3

£350

52

£250

96

£150

147

£500

191

£300

236

£600

290

£12000

336

£1300

4

£600

53

£200

97

£258

148

£150

193

£550

237

£300

291

£4800

337

£900

5

£400

54

£150

100

£3200

149

£300

194

£20

238

£480

292

£2600

338

£2400

6

£400

55

£500

101

£1700

150

£200

195

£160

239

£800

294

£1000

339

£1300

8

£220

56

£500

102

£1700

151

£100

196

£220

240

£2800

295

£6500

340

£3800

10

£700

57

£300

103

£5500

152

£240

197

£70

241

£1200

296

£900

11

£750

58

£350

104

£950

153

£300

198

£38

243

£700

297

£1600

341

£13000

12

£550

59

£300

105

£600

154

£2300

199

£30

244

£3800

298

£1000

342

£500

343

£500

13

£250

60

£500

106

£500

155

£250

200

£80

245

£260

299

£1200

15

£400

61

£420

107

£200

156

£650

201

£140

248

£650

301

£600

344

£400

16

£500

62

£350

108

£1000

157

£2200

202

£300

250

£650

302

£34000

345

£500

17

£850

63

£300

109

£450

158

£800

203

£80

251

£400

303

£22000

346

£500

19

£950

64

£1300

110

£480

159

£700

204

£80

252

£500

304

£30000

347

£450

20

£950

65

£250

111

£350

160

£170

205

£38

253

£2500

305

£28000

348

£700

21

£750

66

£1300

112

£400

161

£100

206

£550

254

£2400

306

£22000

349

£3500

22

£500

67

£750

113

£1300

162

£250

207

£22

255

£1100

307

£900

350

£3500

23

£700

68

£350

114

£1500

163

£300

208

£32

256

£700

308

£8000

351

£1200

25

£900

69

£600

115

£7000

164

£380

209

£80

257

£1600

309

£850

352

£380

27

£900

70

£750

116

£320

165

£240

210

£20

258

£1000

310

£350

353

£400

28

£680

71

£1000

117

£400

166

£220

211

£100

259

£1600

311

£200

29

£700

72

£500

118

£320

167

£150

212

£20

260

£1300

312

£450

354

£400

30

£500

74

£100

119

£2600

168

£150

213

£25

262

£7000

313

£220

355

£550

31

£600

75

£1500

120

£2500

169

£220

214

£30

263

£2800

314

£780

356

£3000 £280

32

£340

76

£400

121

£1300

170

£150

215

£15000

265

£1000

315

£1050

357

33

£280

77

£150

123

£250

171

£260

216

£10000

267

£380

316

£380

358

£750

£1600

172

£360

217

£13000

269

£2000

317

£700

359

£450

34

£320

78

£1300

124

35

£250

79

£450

125

£400

173

£320

218

£14000

271

£2500

318

£350

360

£5500

36

£380

80

£400

126

£90

174

£180

219

£10000

272

£3000

319

£100

361

£200

37

£150

81

£420

127

£100

175

£1600

220

£7500

273

£380

320

£140

362

£800

38

£1500

82

£300

128

£3500

176

£1400

222

£5000

274

£1200

322

£24000

363

£2800

39

£400

83

£180

129

£2800

177

£1400

223

£1800

275

£350

323

£2000

364

£1800

40

£350

84

£14000

130

£800

178

£550

224

£1200

276

£170

324

£2800

365

£1900

41

£220

85

£600

131

£1800

179

£60

225

£650

277

£280

325

£2800

366

£1900

42

£380

86

£280

134

£800

180

£200

226

£800

278

£2600

326

£4000

43

£250

87

£4800

135

£850

181

£750

227

£950

279

£2200

327

£5500

367

£1800

368

£400

369

£1000 £1800 £400

44

£250

88

£1000

136

£5000

182

£190

228

£140

280

£300

328

£3200

45

£340

89

£800

138

£800

183

£35000

229

£100

281

£200

329

£2500

46

£320

90

£200

140

£550

184

£300

230

£1400

282

£180

330

£950

370

47

£300

91

£2500

141

£2400

185

£350

231

£500

283

£2400

331

£1800

371

48

£400

92

£200

142

£2000

186

£300

232

£1300

284

£100

332

£3200

49

£300

93

£450

143

£350

187

£300

233

£400

285

£2200

333

£3800


Conditions of Business for Buyers 1.

Introduction (a) The contractual relationship of Thomas Del Mar Ltd. and Sellers with prospective Buyers is governed by:(i) these Conditions of Business for Buyers; (ii) the Conditions of Business for Sellers displayed in the saleroom and available from Thomas Del Mar Ltd.; (iii) Thomas Del Mar Ltd.’s Authenticity Guarantee; (iv) any additional notices and terms printed in the sale catalogue, in each case as amended by any saleroom notice or auctioneer's announcement. (b) As auctioneer, Thomas Del Mar Ltd. acts as agent for the Seller. Occasionally, Thomas Del Mar Ltd. may own or have a financial interest in a lot.

2. Definitions “Bidder” is any person making, attempting or considering making a bid, including Buyers; “Buyer” is the person who makes the highest bid or offer accepted by the auctioneer, including a Buyer’s principal when bidding as agent; “Seller” is the person offering a lot for sale, including their agent, or executors; “TDM” means Thomas Del Mar Ltd., 25 Blythe Road, London, W14 0PD, company number 5368339. “Buyer’s Expenses” are any costs or expenses due to Thomas Del Mar Ltd. from the Buyer; “Buyer’s Premium” is the commission payable by the Buyer on the Hammer Price at the rates set out in the Guide for Prospective Buyers; “Hammer Price” is the highest bid for the Property accepted by the auctioneer at the auction or the post auction sale price; “Purchase Price” is the Hammer Price plus applicable Buyer’s Premium and Buyer’s Expenses; “Reserve Price” (where applicable) is the minimum Hammer Price at which the Seller has agreed to sell a lot. The Buyer’s Premium, Buyer’s Expenses and Hammer Price are subject to VAT, where applicable. 3. Examination of Lots (a) TTDM’s knowledge of lots is partly dependent on information provided by the Seller and TDM is unable to exercise exhaustive due diligence on each lot. Each lot is available for examination before sale. Bidders are responsible for carrying out examinations and research before sale to satisfy themselves over the condition of lots and accuracy of descriptions. (b) All oral and/or written information provided to Bidders relating to lots, including descriptions in the catalogue, condition reports or elsewhere are statements of TDM’s opinion and not representations of fact. Estimates may not be relied on as a prediction of the selling price or value of the lot and may be revised from time to time at TDM’s absolute discretion. 4. Exclusions and limitations of liability to Buyers (a) TDM shall refund the Purchase Price to the Buyer in circumstances where it deems that the lot is a Counterfeit, subject to the terms of TDM’s Authenticity Guarantee. (b) Subject to Condition 4(a), neither TDM nor the Seller:(i) is liable for any errors or omissions in any oral or written information provided to Bidders by TDM, whether negligent or otherwise; (ii) gives any guarantee or warranty to Bidders and any implied warranties and conditions are excluded (save in so far as such obligations cannot be excluded by English law), other than the express warranties given by the Seller to the Buyer (for which the Seller is solely responsible) under the Conditions of Business for Sellers; (iii) accepts responsibility to Bidders for acts or omissions (whether negligent or otherwise) by TDM in connection with the conduct of auctions or for any matter relating to the sale of any lot. (c) Without prejudice to Condition 4(b), any claim against TDM

and/ or the Seller by a Bidder is limited to the Purchase Price for the relevant lot. Neither TDM nor the Seller shall be liable for any indirect or consequential losses. 5. Bidding at Auction (a) TDM has absolute discretion to refuse admission to the auction. Before sale, Bidders must complete a Registration Form and supply such information and references as TDM requires. Bidders are personally liable for their bid and are jointly and severally liable with their principal, if bidding as agent (in which case TDM’s prior and express consent must be obtained). (b) TDM advises Bidders to attend the auction, but TDM will endeavour to execute absentee written bids provided that they are, in TDM’s opinion, received in sufficient time and in legible form. (c) When available, written and telephone bidding is offered as a free service at the Bidder’s risk and subject to TDM’s other commitments; TDM is therefore not liable for failure to execute such bids. Telephone bidding may be recorded. 6. Import, Export and Copyright Restrictions TDM and the Seller make no representations or warranties as to whether any lot is subject to import, export or copyright restrictions. It is the Buyer's sole responsibility to obtain any copyright clearance or any necessary import, export or other licence required by law, including licenses required under the Convention on the International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES). 7.

Conduct of the Auction (a) The auctioneer has discretion to refuse bids, withdraw or reoffer lots for sale (including after the fall of the hammer) if (s)he believes that there may be an error or dispute, and may also take such other action as (s)he reasonably deems necessary. (b) The auctioneer will commence and advance the bidding in such increments as (s)he considers appropriate and is entitled to place bids on the Seller’s behalf up to the Reserve Price for the lot, where applicable. (c) Subject to Condition 7(a), the contract between the Buyer and the Seller is concluded on the striking of the auctioneer's hammer. (d) Any post-auction sale of lots shall incorporate these Conditions of Business. 8. Payment and Collection (a) Unless otherwise agreed in advance, payment of the Purchase Price is due in pounds sterling immediately after the auction (the "Payment Date"). (b) Title in a lot will not pass to the Buyer until TDM has received the Purchase Price in cleared funds. TDM will generally not release a lot to a Buyer before payment. Earlier release shall not affect passing of title or the Buyer's obligation to pay the Purchase Price, as above. (c) The refusal of any licence or permit required by law, as outlined in Condition 6, shall not affect the Buyer’s obligation to pay for the lot, as per Condition 8(a). (d) The Buyer must arrange collection of lots within 10 working days of the auction. Purchased lots are at the Buyer's risk from the earlier of (i) collection or (ii) 10 working days after the auction. Until risk passes, TDM will compensate the Buyer for any loss or damage to the lot up to a maximum of the Purchase Price actually paid by the Buyer. TDM’s assumption of risk is subject to the exclusions detailed in Condition 5(d) of the Conditions of Business for Sellers. (e) All packing and handling of lots is at the Buyer's risk. TDM will not be liable for any acts or omissions of third party packers or shippers. 9. Remedies for non-payment Without prejudice to any rights that the Seller may have, if the


Buyer without prior agreement fails to make payment for the lot within 5 working days of the auction, TDM may in its sole discretion exercise 1 or more of the following remedies:(a) store the lot at its premises or elsewhere at the Buyer’s sole risk and expense; (b) cancel the sale of the lot; (c) set off any amounts owed to the Buyer by TDM against any amounts owed to TDM by the Buyer for the lot; (d) reject future bids from the Buyer; (e) charge interest at 4% per annum above HSBC Bank plc Base Rate from the Payment Date to the date that the Purchase Price is received in cleared funds; (f) re-sell the lot by auction or privately, with estimates and reserves at TDM’s discretion, in which case the Buyer will be liable for any shortfall between the original Purchase Price and the amount achieved on re-sale, including all costs incurred in such re-sale; (g) Exercise a lien over any Buyer’s Property in TDM’s possession, applying the sale proceeds to any amounts owed by the Buyer to TDM. TDM shall give the Buyer 14 days written notice before exercising such lien; (h) commence legal proceedings to recover the Purchase Price for the lot, plus interest and legal costs; (i) disclose the Buyer’s details to the Seller to enable the Seller to commence legal proceedings 10. Failure to collect purchases (a) If the Buyer pays the Purchase Price but does not collect the lot within 20 working days of the auction, the lot will be stored at the Buyer's expense and risk at TDM’s premises or in independent storage. (b) If a lot is paid for but uncollected within 6 months of the

auction, following 60 days written notice to the Buyer, TDM will re-sell the lot by auction or privately, with estimates and reserves at TDM’s discretion. The sale proceeds, less all TDM’s costs, will be forfeited unless collected by the Buyer within 2 years of the original auction. 11. Data Protection (a) TDM will use information supplied by Bidders or otherwise obtained lawfully by TDM for the provision of auction related services, client administration, marketing and as otherwise required by law. (b) By agreeing to these Conditions of Business, the Bidder agrees to the processing of their personal information and to the disclosure of such information to third parties world-wide for the purposes outlined in Condition 11(a) and to Sellers as per Condition 9(i). 12. Miscellaneous (a) All images of lots, catalogue descriptions and all other materials produced by TDM are the copyright of TDM. (b) These Conditions of Business are not assignable by any Buyer without TDM’s prior written consent, but are binding on Bidders' successors, assigns and representatives. (c) The materials listed in Condition 1(a) set out the entire agreement between the parties. (d) If any part of these Conditions of Business be held unenforceable, the remaining parts shall remain in full force and effect. (e) These Conditions of Business shall be interpreted in accordance with English Law, under the exclusive jurisdiction of the English Courts, in favour of TDM.

Thomas Del Mar Ltd.‘s Authenticity Guarantee If Thomas Del Mar Ltd. sells an item of Property which is later shown to be a “Counterfeit”, subject to the terms below Thomas Del Mar Ltd. will rescind the sale and refund the Buyer the total amount paid by the Buyer to Thomas Del Mar Ltd. for that Property, up to a maximum of the Purchase Price. The Guarantee lasts for one (1) year after the date of the relevant auction, is for the benefit of the Buyer only and is nontransferable. “Counterfeit” means an item of Property that in Thomas Del Mar Ltd.’s reasonable opinion is an imitation created with the intent to deceive over the authorship, origin, date, age, period, culture or source, where the correct description of such matters is not included in the catalogue description for the Property. Property shall not be considered Counterfeit solely because of any damage and/or restoration and/or modification work (including, but not limited to, recolouring, tooling or repatinating). Please note that this Guarantee does not apply if either:(i) the catalogue description was in accordance with the generally accepted opinions of scholars and experts at the date of the sale, or the catalogue description indicated that there was a conflict of such opinions; or reports produced by the Buyer, and reserves the right to seek additional expert advice at its own expense. In the event Thomas Del Mar Ltd. decides to rescind the sale under this Guarantee, it may refund to the Buyer the reasonable costs of up to two mutually approved independent expert reports, provided always that the costs of such reports have been approved in advance and in writing by Thomas Del Mar Ltd. (ii) the only method of establishing at the date of the sale that the item was a Counterfeit would have been by means of

processes not then generally available or accepted, unreasonably expensive or impractical; or likely to have caused damage to or loss in value to the Property (in Thomas Del Mar Ltd.’s reasonable opinion); or (iii) there has been no material loss in value of the Property from its value had it accorded with its catalogue description. To claim under this Guarantee, the Buyer must:(i) notify Thomas Del Mar Ltd. in writing within one (1) month of receiving any informationthat causes the Buyer to question the authenticity or attribution of the Property, specifying the lot number, date of the auction at which it was purchased and the reasons why it is believed to be Counterfeit; and (ii) return the Property to Thomas Del Mar Ltd. in the same condition as at the date of sale and be able to transfer good title in the Property, free from any third party claims arising after the date of the sale. Thomas Del Mar Ltd. has discretion to waive any of the above requirements. Thomas Del Mar Ltd. may require the Buyer to obtain at the Buyer's cost the reports of two independent and recognised experts in the relevant field and acceptable to Thomas Del Mar Ltd. Thomas Del Mar Ltd. shall not be bound by any reports produced by the Buyer, and reserves the right to seek additional expert advice at its own expense. In the event Thomas Del Mar Ltd. decides to rescind the sale under this Guarantee, it may refund to the Buyer the reasonable costs of up to two mutually approved independent expert reports, provided always that the costs of such reports have been approved in advance and in writing by Thomas Del Mar Ltd.


Thomas Del Mar Ltd In association with Sotheby’s

Catalogue Subscription Form In order to avoid missing a sale why not subscribe and receive the catalogue directly from the printer’s mailing house. Subscribers receive at least two catalogues per annum and are kept up-to-date to sale-related events at Thomas Del Mar Ltd. Name [Block Capitals] .............................................................................................................................................................. Address ................................................................................................................................................................................... ................................................................................................................................................................................................. ................................................................................................................................................................................................. Post/Zip Code ...................................................................... Telephone Number ............................................................. Signature ............................................................................. Date .................................................................................... E-mail .................................................................................. SUBSCRIPTION COSTS FOR TWO CATALOGUES AND POSTAGE UK

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Please make cheques payable to THOMAS DEL MAR LTD and send to Thomas Del Mar Ltd, 25 Blythe Road, London W14 0PD, United Kingdom, or alternatively fax your details to us on +44 (0) 207 6025973 Credit/Debit Card Information Mastercard Visa Debit/Switch Card Number ...................................................................... Expiry Date ......................................................................... 3-Digit Security Code .......................................................... Please debit my card for the amount shown above SIGNED .............................................................................


Absentee Bid Form

Thomas Del Mar Ltd Sale Title Property Sold by the Order of the Trustees of the John Woodman Higgins Armory Collection To Benefit its Ongoing Study and Display Date: 20th March 2013

(Please print or type)

Name Address

Code: Higgins Please mail, fax, or scan and email to: Thomas Del Mar 25 Blythe Road London W14 0PD Fax +44 (0) 207 602 5973

Important

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Please bid on my behalf at the above sale for the following Lot(s) up to the hammer price(s) mentioned below. These bids are to be executed as cheaply as is permitted by other bids or reserves and in an amount up to but not exceeding the specified amount. The auctioneer may open the bidding on any lot by placing a bid on behalf of the seller. The auctioneer may further bid on behalf of the seller up to the amount of the reserve by placing responsive or consecutive bids for a lot.

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I agree to be bound by Thomas Del Mar Ltd’s Conditions of Business. If any bid is successful, I agree to pay a buyer’s premium on the hammer price at the rate stated in the front of the catalogue and any VAT, or amounts in lieu of VAT, which may be due on the buyer’s premium and the hammer price.

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Methods of Payment Thomas Del Mar Ltd. welcomes the following methods of payment, most of which will facilitate immediate release of your purchases. Wire Transfer to our Bank Electronic transfers may be sent directly to our Bank: HSBC Bank Plc 38 High Street Dartford Kent DA1 1DG IBAN No.: GB78MIDL40190481632140 BIC.: MIDLGB22 Sort Code: 40-19-04 Account No.: 81632140 Account Name: Thomas Del Mar Ltd Credit/Debit Card A 3% surcharge is payable on all credit card transactions; there is no charge for UK debit cards. International debit cards attract a 3% surcharge. By signing this form you are authorizing payment for this sale. Sterling Bankers Draft Drawn on a recognised UK bank Sterling Cash or Cheque Cheques must be drawn on a recognised UK bank. Werequire seven days to clear a cheque without a letter of guarantee from your bank.

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Thomas Del Mar Ltd


Thomas Del Mar Ltd In association with Sotheby’s 25 Blythe Road London W14 0PD Tel: +44 (0) 207 602 4805 Fax: +44 (0) 207 602 5973 Email: enquiries@thomasdelmar.com www.thomasdelmar.com

Thomas Del Mar - Higgins Armory Collection - 20th March 2013  

Thomas Del Mar JOHN WOODMAN HIGGINS ARMORY COLLECTION 20th March 2013