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Remember we use so + adjective / adverb (that…) or such (a/an) + adjective + noun (that…) to emphasise qualities. He’s become so famous that he seems to have lost his right to privacy. She's such an enthusiastic person! They’re such great artists that their works are priceless. • In written or more literary language, we can start a sentence with so or such. In this case, the rest of the sentence takes the structure of a question (i.e. auxiliary verb before the subject). So quickly did the fire spread that it seemed impossible to put it out. Such was the force of the wind that all ships had to return to port. practice.pdf


• We can use this structure to emphasise one part of the sentence (the part underlined in the examples below). The way he dealt with the press was amazing. What was amazing was the way he dealt with the press. You need a good opportunity. What you need is a good opportunity. The encouragement from his friends gave him strength. What gave him strength was the encouragement from his friends. • If what we want to emphasise is a clause, we need to introduce it with the fact that. He sold a million copies of his book and that was amazing. What was amazing was the fact that he sold a million copies of his book. • If we want to emphasise an action, we need to use the verb do. They were trying to fool you. What they were trying to do was fool you. I can give you advice. What I can do is give you advice. Rewrite the sentences to begin with what.

1 It was incredible that he did it on his own. 2 It’s amazing that so many people want to help. 3 I think it is important to try your best. 4 They found it was impossible to do it all. 5 It’s unbelievable that no one knows what to do. 6 It was thrilling that we raised so much money. •


Adjective + preposition addicted to drugs, a game, watching TV fond of football, her boss, telling jokes afraid / terrified of the dark, making a mistake glad about your new job anxious about the meeting, losing his job glad for you (but also: glad to see you) anxious for money, your family good / bad / great / terrible at maths, giving directions aware of your surroundings, having made a mistake involved in a task, a book capable of anything, solving a problem involved with his family, their school committed / dedicated / devoted to her family, helping others keen on my neighbours, reading (but also: keen to help, accept the offer) delighted / pleased about / with the results (but also: delighted / pleased to help us) ready for school, bed (but also: ready to join the party) depressed / worried about the future responsible for our safety, breaking the vase desperate for a job (but also: desperate to find a partner) satisfied with their performance devastated / fascinated / frustrated / impressed / moved / shattered / shocked / upset by the news, the results short of money, breath disappointed in / with you, the President sick of this car, politicians, repeating the same thing disappointed at / about / by their response staggered / surprised at / by the price (but also: staggered / surprised to hear her complaints) ecstatic / excited about their new car, starting a new career suitable for children, the occasion famous for her articles, being caustic overjoyed / thrilled about / with / by their success

Which preposition cannot be used in these sentences? 1 We were all overjoyed at / in / about the safe arrival of the baby. 2 I was staggered on / by / at the violent reaction to my idea. 3 She was thrilled in / at / about winning the award. 4 Gemma was very disappointed about / at / in losing the race. 5 They expected great things, but sadly they were soon disappointed with / about / in her.

Fill in the blanks with a preposition: 1. I’m petrified __ heights. 2. I’m brilliant __ football. 3. I’m interested __ studying German. 4. I’m proud __ English cuisine. 5. I’m dreadful __ cooking. 6. I’m pessimistic __ my football team’s chances. 7. I’m famous __ making a delicious Spanish omelet. 8. I’m fond __ basketball and rugby. 9. I’m dissatisfied __ my team’s 1-1 draw at the weekend. 10. I’m allergic __ walnuts. sitions/adjectives-elementary-a1/51574



Disappointment be disappointing We were expecting a lot from this book but it was really disappointing. be disappointed about / at / by something She was disappointed about / at / by the way her company handled her requests. be disappointed in / with somebody They are very disappointed in / with their teacher because he’s been too strict with them. Subject + was/were hoping to + infinitive I was hoping to meet her at the party, but she didn’t show up. Subject + had hoped that… She had hoped that they would give her the job, but they hired someone else. Subject + didn’t live up to someone’s expectations The house we rented didn’t live up to our expectations. It was too small for the price we paid. Somebody had high hopes for… His parents had high hopes for him, but he turned out to be a very bad

student. What a pity / a letdown! My best friend turned out to be a really selfish person.What a letdown!



- The Lady with the Lamp by Laura E. Richards from Florence Nightingale: The Angel of the Crimea. Florence Nightingale (1820-1910) is considered the founder of modern nursing. Her reforms included promoting sanitary practices, giving care and compassion to patients, and stressing training and education for nurses. She gained fame as "The Lady with the Lamp" during the British Crimean War (1853-1856) because she often went around the patient wards at night carrying a lamp. During the war, she managed nurses and cared for soldiers in the British army. In the passage below, the "Lady-in-Chief" refers to Nightingale. Stamboul is the modern Istanbul, Turkey. -----------------------Look with me for a moment into one of these wards, these "miles of sick" through which the agent of the Times passed with his guide. It is night. Outside, the world is wide and wonderful with moon and stars. Beyond the dark-blue waters of the Bosporus, the lights of Stamboul flash and twinkle; nearer at hand, the moonlight falls on the white city of the dead, and shows its dark cypresses standing like silent guardians beside the marble tombs; nearer yet, it falls full on the bare, gaunt square of

building that crowns the hill. The windows are narrow, but still the moonbeams struggle in, and cast a dim light along the corridor. The vaulted roof is lost in blackness; black, too, are the corners, and we cannot see where the orderly nods in his chair, or where the night nurse sits beside a dying patient. All is silent, save for a low moan or murmur from one cot or another. See where the moonbeam glimmers white on that cot under the window! That is where the Highland soldier is lying, he who came so near losing his arm the other day. The surgeons said it must be amputated, but the Lady-in-Chief begged for a little time. She thought that with care and nursing the arm might be saved; would they kindly delay the operation at least for a few days? The surgeons consented, for by this time no one could or would refuse her anything. The arm was saved; now the bones are knitting nicely, and by and by he will be well and strong again, with both arms to work and play and fight with. But broken bones hurt even when they are knitting nicely, and the Highland lad cannot sleep; he lies tossing about on his narrow cot, gritting his teeth now and then as the pain bites, but still a happy and a thankful man. He stares about him through the gloom, trying to see who is awake and who asleep. But now he starts, for silently the door opens, and a tiny ray of light, like a golden finger, falls across his bed. A figure enters and closes the door softly; the figure of a woman, tall and slender, dressed in black, with white cap and apron. In her hand she carries a small shaded lamp. At sight of her the sick lad's eyes grow bright; he raises his sound arm and straightens the blanket, then waits in eager patience. Slowly the Lady with the Lamp draws near, stopping beside each cot, listening to the breathing and noting the color of the sleepers, whispering a word of cheer and encouragement to those who wake. Now she stands beside his bed, and her radiant smile is brighter, he thinks, than lamplight or moonlight. A few words in the low, musical voice, a pat to the bedclothes, a friendly nod, and she passes on to the next cot. As she goes, her shadow, hardly more noiseless than her footstep, falls across the sick man's pillow; he turns and kisses it, and then falls happily asleep. So she comes and passes, like a light; and so her very shadow is blessed, and shall be blessed so long as memory endures.

Questions 1. Write one metaphor or simile from the passage.

2. This passage has many references to darkness and light. What do you think the darkness and light might symbolize? Use references from the text to support your answer.

3. Explain the use of "knitting" in the following phrase: "The arm was saved; now the bones are knitting nicely..."

4. What do you think "her very shadow is blessed, and shall be blessed so long as memory endures" means?

Answer Key 1. Write one metaphor or simile from the passage. "she passes, like a light..."

2. This passage has many references to darkness and light. What do you think the darkness and light might symbolize? Use references from the text to support your answer. Student's choice: correct answers may include: Darkness: illness, despair, death Light: health, hope, life

3. Explain the use of "knitting" in the following phrase: "The arm was saved; now the bones are knitting nicely..." Knit means to join or come together. Most often used as a reference to needlework and yarn, it also may refer to broken bones mending.

4. What do you think "her very shadow is blessed, and shall be blessed so long as memory endures" means? Answers should include some reference that Florence Nightingale will always be remembered as a great heroine who helped many people.


D) WRITING - Write a blog entry abouy someone you think is an unsung hero.


That s English Module 11 Unit 8  
That s English Module 11 Unit 8