VOCABULARY AND A FEW LINKERS B1-B2-C1

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VOCABULARY:




MORE VOCABULARY

TECHNOLOGY 1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

Smartphone Mobile phone Tablet /tablit/ Device = gadget = aparato electrónico Be hooked on sth = be addicted to sth = estar enganchado a algo, ser adicto a algo 6. Be keen on sth = like = gustar, estar entusiasmado con algo 7. Social networks = social networking sites 8. Ebook 9. Piracy /pairasi/ 10. Hackers 11. Download /daunloud/ 12. Upload /upload/ 13. Wi-fi /uai-fai/ 14. Surf the Internet = navegar por internet

CRIME AND PUNISHMENT

1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

Minor crimes = offences = delito menor Offender = infractor Pickpocket = carterista Speeding – verb = exceder el límite de velocidad Fine sb = multar a alguien. Ejemplo: I was fined = fui multado (me multaron) 6. Rape = violación 7. Kidnapping = rapto, secuestro 8. Sentence – verb = sentenciar. Ejemplo: I was sentenced to 5-year imprisonment 9. Release – verb = dejar en libertad 10. probation = libertad condicional 11. Hackers 12. Internet piracy 13. Corruption – noun /corapshon/ 14. Corrupted – adj 15. Vandalism 16. Vandal 17. Community service 18. Commit a crime 19. Bribery /braibery/ = soborno 20. Blackmail = chantaje


21. Commit fraud /froood/ = cometer fraude 22. Drug dealer = traficante de drogas 23. Drug dealing = tráfico de drogas 24. Charge sb with sth = acusar a alguien por algo 25. Be accused of 26. Domestic violence 27. Tax haven /heivn/ = paraíso fiscal

SHOP / CONSUMERISM

1. Retail /ritail/ = venta al por menor 2. Retailer = vendedor al por menor, tienda al por menor 3. Wholesale trade = comercio al por mayor 4. Wholesaler = vendedor al por mayor 5. Purchase -noun and verb = compra / comprar 6. Discount /discaunt/ 7. Sales 8. Items /aitems/ 9. Bargain /baaagin/ 10. Online shopping 11. Window shopping 12. Local shops 13. Shopping centre 14. Back up = respaldar (local business) 15. Globalisation 16. Brand name = marca 17. Flea market = mercadillo 18. Shopping habits 19. Shopaholic = adicto a las compras 20. Be on a tight-budget = ir ajustado de dinero tener un presupuesto ajustado 21. Shop online 22. Shop assistant 23. Loyalty 24. Excessive consumerism 25. Responsible consumption 26. Shop around = comparar precios 27. Best deals = ganga

WORK

1. 2. 3. 4.

Work timetable = horario laboral Shifts = turnos de trabajo Take holidays = cogerse vacaciones Take a day off = cogerse un día libre


5. Be under pressure = tener mucha presión 6. Pay rise = subida salarial 7. Wages = sueldo 8. Salary = salario 9. Offer sb a pay rise = ofrecerle a alguien una subida salarial 10. Working conditions 11. Be on sick leave / be on maternity leave = estar de baja por enfermedad / de maternidad 12. Be on the dole = estar cobrando prestación por desempleo 13. Be in charge of sth / sb = estar a cargo de algo/alguien, ser responsable de algo/alguien 14. Be promoted = ser ascendido / get a promotion = ser ascendido

INVENTIONS / MEDICINE / SCIENCE

1. Hybrid cars /haibrid/ 2. Laser eye surgery /leisa/ 3. GPS = Satnav 4. Human cloning 5. Flying cars 6. Video casette recorder 7. Vaccines = vaccinations = vacunas 8. AIDS /EIDS/ = SIDA 9. Diabetes /daiabiiitis/ 10. Cholesterol 11. Eating disorders = trastornos alimenticios 12. Cancer 13. GP = General Practitioner = médico de familia / cabecera 14. Alternative Medicine 15. Acupuncture 16. Needles = agujas 17. Homeopathy 18. Osteopathy 19. Have an operation = operarse. Ejemplo: She had an operation = la operaron 20. Discover /discava/ 21. Discovery /discavery/ 22. Have sth done. Ejemplo: I have a massage done 23. Cure 24. Mainstream medicine = medicina tradicional 25. Placebo 26. NHS = National Health Service = Sistema Nacional de Salud (la Seguridad Social) 27. Ethical / unethical /ezikal/ /anezikal/ 28. Moral issues = cuestiones morales 29. Development = desarollo 30. Genetic modification /ginetic/ 31. Viruses /vairusis/


32. Bacteria 33. Dilemma 34. Genome /ginoum/ = genoma 35. 3D printers = impresoras 3D 36. Eradicate 37. Diseases = illnesses 38. Manipulation of genome 39. Gene /giiin/ = gen 40. Genetics /ginetics/ = genética (como ciencia) 41. Genetically modified food = GMO 42. Organisms 43. Alteration 44. Metabolism

RELATIONSHIPS

1. Social media /midia/ 2. Keep in touch with sb = mantener el contacto con alguien 3. Lose touch with sb = perder el contacto con alguien 4. Share interests 5. Loneliness = soledad 6. Unsocial vs social 7. False sense of connection 8. Share posts 9. Read posts 10. Google – verb = buscar en Google 11. Disconnect 12. Be hooked on = be addicted to 13. Anxiety /ansaieti/ 14. Online dating 15. Marriage 16. Divorce 17. Get divorced 18. Get married 19. Common-law partner = pareja de hecho 20. Cohabit = vivir juntos (sin casar) 21. Be aware of fake profiles = ser consciente de perfiles falsos 22. Speed dating 23. Blind dates = citas a ciegas 24. Swinging = intercambio de parejas 25. Single-parent family = familia monoparental 26. Fly the nest = volar del nido (independizarse y dejar la casa de los padres) 27. Devote my time/ my life to sth / sb = dedicar mi tiempo/ mi vida a algo / alguien 28. Ups and downs = altibajos (en una relación sentimental o de amistad) 29. Love at first sight = amor a primera vista 30. Be just good friends


31. Have a lot in common 32. Get to know sth / sb= tener la oportunidad de conocer algo/ a alguien 33. Get on well with stb = llevarse bien con alguien

EDUCATION

1. Kinds of learning: blend learning (online + tradicional learning al mismo tiempo) / e-learning / traditional learning / online learning 2. Qualifications = títulos académicos 3. Skills = destrezas, habilidades 4. Have a way with sth/ sb = tener buena mano con algo/ alguien, darse bien 5. Subjects = asignaturas 6. Cognitive abilities = habilidades cognitivas 7. Mental exercise 8. State education vs private education 9. Boarding school = colegio internado 10. A school run by nuns / priests = un colegio dirigido por monjas / curas 11. Mixed school 12. Single-sex school 13. Language learning 14. Career vs degree 15. Vocational training = formación profesional 16. Internship = periodo de prácticas, prácticas preprofesionales 17. Intern = becario 18. Grant = beca de estudios. Ejemplo: Erasmus grant 19. College vs university 20. Discipline 21. Behaviour = comportamiento 22. Behave = comportarse (bien o mal)

MONEY 1. Wealthy – adj = rico 2. Earnings = ingresos = Incomes – ingresos 3. Expenses = gastos 4. Overdraft = descubierto bancario 5. Be in the red = estar en números rojos 6. Be in the black = tener saldo a favor 7. Fare = tarifa de billete (train, bus, etc.) 8. Fees – tasas (university) / honorarios (lawyers…) 9. Pay by credit card 10. Pay in cash = pagar en metálico 11. Current account 12. Withdraw money = retirar dinero 13. Bank statement = extracto bancario 14. Pocket money – paga (para los niños)


15. Tip – noun = propina 16. Tip sb – dar una propina alguien 17. Mortgage = hipoteca. Ejemplo: a 30-year mortgage 18. Loan /loun/ = préstamo 19. Be in debt – tener una deuda 20. Be on a tight budget = tener un presupuesto ajustado 21. Tighten your belt – apretarse el cinturón 22. Live beyond your means – vivir por encima de tus posibilidades 23. Currency – moneda (euro, pound, dollar…)

ENVIRONMENT 1. Natural world 2. The Earth 3. Habitat 4. Biodiversity /baiou- dai- ver- si- ti/ 5. Reforestation 6. Fossil fuel = combustible fósil 7. Rain forest = bosque tropical 8. Solar energy 9. Wind farm = parque eólico 10. Hybrid cars /haibrid/ 11. Ozone layer /leia/ = capa de ozono 12. Recycling = reciclaje 13. Alternative energy 14. Renewable energy 15. Ultraviolet radition 16. Earthquake = terremoto 17. Tornado /toooneidou/ 18. Hurricane /harriken/ 19. Hail /heil/ – noun and verb = granizo y granizar 20. Storm 21. Tsunami 22. Drought /draut/ = sequía 23. Blizzard = tormenta de nieve, ventisca 24. Carbon footprint = impacto ecológico 25. Global warming = calentamiento global 26. Environmetally-friendly – adj. = respetuoso con el medio ambiente 27. Eco-friendly – adj. = ecológico 28. Bags 29. Waste = desechos, residuos, desperdicios 30. The 3 Rs: reuse, reduce, recycle 31. Containers /konteiners/ 32. Landfill = vertedero 33. Threat /zret/ = amenaza – noun 34. Threatening /zretening/ = amenazador – adj. (Nota: sth = something / sb = somebody)


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