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flinders street station: macro micro 1


This project is called the Flinders Street Station: Macro / Micro.The aim of this project is to produce a bold and viable vision for the redevelopment of the Flinders Street Station precinct in Melbourne, at both urban and architectura scales. The scheme is to create a shopping mall within the masonry fabric of the Eastern Concourse. The clock (entrance to the station) and some of the facade on the Eastern Concourse will be maintained while at the same time creating a contemporary interior to provide a timeless experience. The main concept of this project is friction in which can be categorized into two different type; kinetic and static. Addressing the issue of heavy traffic flow on the Swanston Street (the street adjacent to the Eastern Concourse) in which friction between the kinetic (moving ojects such as pedestrian, vehicles and public transport) and static (buildings surrounding) is occurring, friction need to be either pare back to solve the problem or it need to be dramatised and embrace the existing friction. I chose the later one. By embracing the already existing friction, more friction is added.

CONTENT

Phase 1 // melbourne tracing 7 // urban strategies 16 // precedent studies 22 // masterplanning 28 Phase 2 // initial ideas development 39 // conceptual and technical development 47 Phase . // conceptual and technical resolution 62 // montages 74

The idea of friction does not necessarily mean physical friction, it can be something invisible. Through a number of analysis and diagrammatic approach, friction of perception of view was adapted to further develop the idea. This is done by cladding the facade affected by the “line of view� with reflective material and thus reflecting the opposite building which allow the activity of voyeurism to occur. Voyeurism is then applied into the scheme of the interior of the building. IRENE // 310171636

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1

phase // melbourne tracing // urban strategies //masterplaning

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// melbourne tracing Undertaking a trip to Melbourne for the weekends is an opportunity to become familiar with the with the Flinders Street Station precinct as well as the rich urban life of Melbourne. By doing tracing, it helps to interprete the experience of Melbourne city in an unique way. Tracing involves macro and micro. Macro; the experience of drifting through every corner of the precinct; encounters; deviation. Micro; locating a single place somewhere or adjacent to the station; setting for a small moments of life to occur.

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The collage shows one of the busiest laneways in Melbourne. This street is called the Delgrave Street. It is a short, narrow laneway, running north from Flinders Street to Flinders Lane in the central business district of Melbourne. The lane features bars, cafes, and restaurants and many of the taller old buildings have been converted into loft style apartments in the 1990s, adding further life to the street.

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As the major railway station, Southercross Station has a very innovative design that features undulating roof. The central features of the design include a wave-shaped roof, a new entrance and concourse on Collins Street, a new bus interchange, a new food court, a bar/restaurant, separate retail outlets inside the station and a separate shopping complex between Bourke and La Trobe Streets. This station is also linked with the Flinders Street Station.

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In one of the platforms of Flinders Street Station, there is a railway that’s not functioning anymore. This platform is located directly north of Yarra River, Looking out from this platform, the outline of the high buildings across the river can be seen clearly and in fact, it adds up to the beauty of the Melbourne skyline.

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These sketchings are the micro tracing of the precinct. Standing on the eastern concourse of the Flinders Station, the Federation Square can be viewed clearly. The detail of the facade consist of a triangulated structure which also creates a beautiful pattern.

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// urban strategies Urban strategies involve diagramming the Melbourne city through different aspect such as street frontage, heritage, and transportation. By addressing these characteristics of the precinct, deeper understanding can be achieved in terms of scale, movement and orientation. Apart from diagramming, analysis of the diagram need to be carefully thought so ideas can be carried out for the masterplanning.

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religion n tso Wa

385 Bourke St - 169 m

ce Pla

Hyatt Hotel - 104 m

t

tree

sS

rave

Deg

t

tree

Bourke Place - 224 m

Federation Square

S nd Bo

Australian Stock Exc - 167 m

Southern Cross Station

AMP Square - 113.5 m

r Rive a r r Ya

ts Wa

333 Collins St - 129.2 m

on

360 Collins St - 142 m

Pla ce

Mapping of public interaction with the site’s surrounding

parking taxi shops

459 Collins St - 129 m

places of interest

Yarra River

ve gra De

theatre

religious place

tre

sS et

Street frontage mapping

nd

Bo

Federation Square

Str eet

on

ts Wa ce

Pla

Southern Cross Station

Rialto Tower - 251 m

tree

sS

rave

Deg

r e v i R

nd

Bo eet

Str

Yarra

t

Eureka Tower - 297.3 m Southern Cross Station

IBM Australia cntr - 131 m

Federation Square

r Rive a r r Ya

Southbank Blv - 161 m Freshwater Pl - 205 m Mapping of public and private road surrounding site

private road

Yarra River public road

enlarged area

Private and public road mapping

Yarra River

Crown Towers - 152 m

The Sentinel - 113 m

Mapping of the building level around the Flinders Street Station.

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Heritage distribution

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Subculture division

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// precedent studies Along the process, precedent studies help in giving ideas and inspiration. In this project, the precedents used are Zaha Hadid’s Nordpark railway station and Tadao Ando’s shibuya station. Apart from studying similar project, this precedent studies also look up on the graphic style for masterplanning.

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The Northpark Railway Station is designed by architect Zaha Hadid and comprised of 4 stations that are suspended across the bridge using cable. Each station has its own unique context, topography, altitude, and circulation. Natural phenomena such as glacial moraines and ice movements are studiedas each station wanted to use the fluid language of natural ice formations, like a frozen stream on the mountainside.

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Shibuya’s connection to the city’s other attractions, including the two fellow shopping precincts of Ikebukuro and Saitama, the sub- way station stands as an architectural attrac- tion in itself. The ‘spaceship’ structure stretches over three main floors, and in its middle a covered atrium slices down, creating an open, airy feel. ncorporating natural elements, such as light, water and wind. Accordingly, Shibuya Station incorporates a world-first in subway ventilation strategies, whereby the hot air produced by the trains flows up through the central atrium and out into the open air. Counterpoint to this, cool air from outside flows down into the space providing natural aeration.

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This graphic style is more to the use of bright colour to emphasize the important and significant content.

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This masterplan has successfully convey the idea through collages.

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// masterplanning Urban strategies involve diagramming the Melbourne city through different aspect such as street frontage, heritage, and transportation. By addressing these characteristics of the precinct, deeper understanding can be achieved in terms of scale, movement and orientation. Apart from diagramming, analysis of the diagram need to be carefully thought so ideas can be carried out for the masterplanning.

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N N

H U B H U B

N

H U B

M A S T E R P L A N N I N G

M A S T E R P L A N N I N G

M A S T E R P L A N N I N G

WESTERN CONCOURSE + RIVER LOOKOUT

WESTERN CONCOURSE + RIVER LOOKOUT

HERITAGE AND CULTURAL Tangents

HERITAGE AND CULTURAL Tangents

Market WESTERN CONCOURSE + RIVER LOOKOUT

r Market

Heritage and cultural tangents HERITAGE AND CULTURAL Tangents

Market

ART PRECINT EXTENSION PRECINCT TANGENTS

Plantation Filtration System

ART PRECINT EXTENSION

Precinct tangents PRECINCT TANGENTS

Plantation Filtration System

ART PRECINT EXTENSION PRECINCT TANGENTS

Plantation Filtration System

Grid extensions

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N

GRID EXTENSION

N

GRID EXTENSION

N

GRID EXTENSION

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GRID EXTENSION

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PLan 1:1000

GRID And SOUTH BANK STItching Diagrams of tangens being extended towards different places of interest

J o n a t h a n

I r a w a n ,

I r e n e

I r e n e ,

J o a n n a

C h e n

Diagrams of different scheme in Melbourne

City CityCity Grid GridGrid

City Grid City Grid City Grid

City Grid

City Grid

City Grid

Laneway System Laneway System

Laneway System

Southbank fabric

32Melbourne Fissure

City Grid

Melbourne fissure

Melbourne Melbourne Melbourne Fissure Fissure Fissure

SouthBank SouthBank SouthBank Fabric Fabric Fabric

SouthBank Fabric SouthBank SouthBank FabricFabric SouthBank Fabric

Melbourne Fissure

Laneway Laneway Laneway System System System

Melbourne Fissure Melbourne Melbourne FissureFissure Melbourne Fissure

Laneway System Laneway Laneway System System Laneway System

SouthBank Fabric

City Grid

Distinct Distinct Distinct Zones Zones Zones

Distinct Zones Distinct Distinct ZonesZones Distinct Zones

Distinct Zones Distinct Zones

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WESTERNWESTERN CONCOURSE CONCOURSE + + RIVER LOOKOUT RIVER LOOKOUT

HERITAGE AND HERITAGE CULTURA A

BArter Market BArter Market

Structure Structure feature feature

ART PRECINT ART PRECINT EXTENSION EXTENSION

PRECINCT TANGENTS PRECINCT T

Plantation Plantation FiltrationFiltration System System

// MASTERPLAN The idea of the masterplanning is to extend the grid lines to the southbank of the Flinders Station. By addressing different aspect of the city such as heritage spot, subculture distribution and art precincts, tangents are drawn across the station. These tangents will result in friction and thus create a subdivision within the station itself. The scheme is to create a plaza within the station and having a plantation filtration system on the yarra river linking it to the promenade.

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N

N

GRID EXTENSION GRID EXTEN

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v

phase

// initial ideas development // conceptual and technical development

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// initial ideas development After doing the masterplan’s phase as a group, the project moved on to individual work where ideas are further developed by choosing a specific site within the station. The site chosen for this project is on the eastern concourse with the area of 5300 square metres.

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St Paul’s Cathedral n st nsto swa

rs st

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d st kil

a rd

Fed Square

rs st

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st kil

d da r

st

rd da k il

prin

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Flinders St Station

St Paul’s Cathedral n st

rs st

swa

nsto

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This diagram addresses the issue on the eastern concourse and taken into account the three significant buidling at this junction, which are the easter concourse of Flinders station, St. Paul’s Cathedral and Federation Square. The idea of friction (from the masterplan) is adapted for further development. As a result of this friction between vehicles, pedestrian and public transport, heavy traffic on Swanston street (adjacent to the eastern concourse) is unavoidable especially during peak hour. It is very dangerous for pedestrian to cross from the eastern concourse to the Federation Square and St Paul’s Cathedral (vice versa) during this hour due to the heavily populated road.

st kil

da rd

Fed Square

rs st

e flind

n st nsto swa

st kil

d da r

st

d kil

d ar

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ss b

ridg

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Flinders St Station

St Paul’s Cathedral

ers

flind

st

st kil

da rd

Fed Square

t

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flind

st kil

40

d da r

st

da k il

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Flinders St Station

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  

     

    

 

           

In order to solve the problem addressed on the previous diagram, the initial idea is to provide a pathway for pedestrian to cross from the eastern concourse to the Federation Square and St. Paul’s Cathedral. The pathway will involve installation that reflect on the Melbourne’s culture.

  

 

  

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// precedent studies

This precedent is called the Water Light by Antonin Forneau. Water Light Graffiti is made of thousands of LED lights that light up when they come into contact with water. Participants can use paintbrushes, sponges, fingers or spray cans to sketch out words and pictures. Water Light Graffiti is a wall for ephemeral messages in the urban space without deterioration. A wall to communicate and share magically in the city.

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// conceptual & technical development Ideas are further developed to achieve a more conceptual and technical result. More analysis on the site are made and the idea of friction is pushed further to dramatise the concept. In this phase, friction is acknowledge in two types; kineti and static.Kinetic friction presented by the moving objects (vehicles, public transport, and pedestrian); static friction presented by the three buildings at the junction of Swanston Street and Flinders Steet, which are the eastern concourse of the Flinders Station, St. Paul’s Cathedral, and Federation Square.

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ST. PAUL’S CATHEDRAL

FEDERATION SQAURE

//FRICTION DIAGRAM Focusing on the static friction, lines are drawn from each of these building. These lines represent the perception of view from each spot (easter concourse, fed square, st. Paul’s cathedral). The lines are drawn as such that when one stands in the building, they can view the opposite building unobstructed. Although these lines create invisible friction, it is actually there. After lines are drawn, those frictioned lines tthat touch the facade of the eastern concourse result in the substraction of this facade in the form of curves. The reason is because this cruved facade will be cladded with reflective material. Therefore, not only this substraction provide bigger circulation for the pedestrian, it also allow people to view the opposite building through the refelctive facade without having to cross the the street. The reflection irepresent a dynamic urban facade and thus it reflects a distorted view of the buildings surrounding. As a result of this, the idea of voyeurism is adapted where one can see the people on the opposite through the reflective facade without being known. 48

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// VOYEURISM Voyeurism is caused by design that sometimes not intended. It is a situation where person vulnerability is greater than other’s & offer them the opportunity to be caught up in the act of voyeurism. Generally in the act of voyeurism, there’s a “screen of anonymity” that allows the voyee being seen withouth them feeling threatened.

1. voyeurs - voyee. This type is the most common type of voyeurism where the voyeurs can observe the voyee without being known.

2. voypas Voypas is the situation where the role of voyeurs and voyee is ambiguous. In this kind of situation, normally both has an equal vulnerability.

3. voyeur - voyeur This happen when a voyeur looks at another voyeurs who is observing a voyee.

// REFLECTION

The diagram model interpretes the curved facade reflecting the opposite buildings.

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The reflected view will be distorted reflecting the dynamic urban facade.

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Chinese precinct

Spanish precinct

// INDEFINITE FLOOR To allow the voyeurism to occur, floor is made indefinite and random. The diagram shows the vertical walls made of refelctive material, glass, and wire mesh. These vertical planes symbolise the screen of anonymity.

Italian precinct

Greek precinct

// INTERIOR SCHEME The initial scheme for the interior will be a shopping centre of different subcultures. These subdivision is adapted from the subculture division mapping and through the tangents that drawn across the station are used as the guidelines for the subdivision of the space within the eastern concourse.

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SITE PLAN

// SITE PLAN

BB

AA

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r rec

rm

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t to

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s rea

al a

ion

t rea rec

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ts ran

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ms

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A

A B

SITE PLAN 1 : 250

t g poin

meetin

restrooms restrooms

spanish

spanish

rm

platfo to the

ts stauran

greek re

shops

nts

restaura

restrooms s a al are

// FLOORPLAN

nts

restaura

shops

on recreati

spanish

nts

restaura

shops market market

market

void

shops shops

market void

market void

et tsmark stauran

asian re

void ms

/ storage

restroo

/ storage

GroundGround FloorFloor

IRENE IRENE 310171636

ms

restroo

void

ms

italian

italian

restroo

First FloorFirst Floor

nts

restaura

nts

restaura

Second Floor Second Floor

Third Floor

Third Floor

void

/ storage

ms

restroo

italian

nts

restaura

restrooms

spanish

restaurant

s

market greek rest au

rants

shops

void

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market

shops

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int

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t rea rec

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section AA Section AA || scale 1:500

s

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sho

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nts ura

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// SECTION

s

section BB

om

tro res

Section BB || scale 1:500

A

East Elevation NorthNorth East Elevation || scale 1:500

B

SITE PLAN 1 : 250 s taurant

es greek r s taurant

es greek r shops

shops

restrooms

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restrooms

s taurant

es greek r urants

resta spanish

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phase // conceptual & technical resolution // montages

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// conceptual & technical resolutoin Improvise and develop the ideas further. Finalising the function of the building by dismissing the scheme of having subdivided cultural space within the shopping mall. The curved facade is devised to work well with the dome on the clocktower (above the eastern concourse). Studying the work of Alvaro Siza also helps in getting a deeper understanding in the ideas.

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The diagram model showing the skewers that represent the perception of view. It is there although these lines of perception are visually invisible.

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The diagram model showing the substraction of the facade in the form of a sphere. The space substracted creates an accidental shelter and the curves resulted a unique outdoor/indoor space.

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substraction & addition

entrances

//diagrams

m

ris

u ye vo

m

ris

u ye vo

m

ris

u ye vo substracted space for pedestrian

Studying the work of Alvaro Siza . this diagram shows the extension of view from one of Siza’s building.

scheme

m

ris

u ye vo

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// SITE PLAN

BB

AA

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entrance to platforms cafe

toilet restaurant station gate meeting point / waiting area transit / waiting area

station office

Ground Floor

shops

gym gym

void

// FLOORPLAN lookout

First Floor

um

ri at

Second Floor

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section AA

// SECTION

section BB

North East Elevation

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// montages

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// REFERENCE: page 7: http://www.google.com/imgres?q=alvaro+siza&um=1&hl=en&sa=X&biw=1305&bih=732&tbs=isz:l&tbm=isch&tbnid=VUG_ JhwmVyKgYM:&imgrefurl=http://lsp41011-garcialeticia.blogspot.com/2011/03/centro-metereologico-en-la-villa.html&docid=iKIG3e6 7heTkIM&imgurl=http://1.bp.blogspot.com/-OgYWAHEbx8g/TYDFjApS-OI/AAAAAAAAAak/1J_sa1lliJw/s1600/P8120198.JPG&w=1417& h=1063&ei=5N6XUMyqNdGUiQebqIDgDA&zoom=1&iact=hc&vpx=197&vpy=159&dur=391&hovh=194&hovw=260&tx=180&ty=90&sig= 105406743560070970006&page=4&tbnh=155&tbnw=213&start=76&ndsp=30&ved=1t:429,r:69,s:20,i:408 page 17: http://www.google.com/imgres?q=alvaro+siza&um=1&hl=en&sa=X&biw=1305&bih=732&tbs=isz:l&tbm=isch&tbnid=lOch9T 22e_PyVM:&imgrefurl=http://www.designboom.com/weblog/cat/9/view/22074/alvaro-siza-vieira-awarded-golden-lion-atvenice-biennale.html&docid=mrQumImUb1xT5M&imgurl=http://www.designboom.com/weblog/images/images_2/lauren/ alvaro%252520siza%252520vieira/alvarosiza01.jpg&w=818&h=979&ei=5N6XUMyqNdGUiQebqIDgDA&zoom=1&iact=rc&dur=278&sig= 105406743560070970006&page=2&tbnh=143&tbnw=114&start=18&ndsp=30&ved=1t:429,r:8,s:20,i:225&tx=83&ty=61 page 21: Mapping done by Joanna Chan page 26 ,27, 29: http://www.google.com/search?hl=en&q=alvaro+siza&bpcl=37189454&ion=1&bav=on.2,or.r_gc.r_pw.r_ qf.&biw=1305&bih=696&um=1&ie=UTF-8&tbm=isch&source=og&sa=N&tab=wi&ei=396XUMP1CqiwiQfJ8IDwBQ#q=alvaro+siza&um=1 &hl=en&tbm=isch&source=lnt&tbs=isz:l&sa=X&ei=4d6XUPOMFfCTiQeH8oGoAQ&ved=0CCMQpwUoAQ&bav=on.2,or.r_gc.r_pw.r_qf. &fp=6ad073029b552086&bpcl=37189454&biw=1305&bih=732 page 31-25: Group work Page 38, 45, 46: http://www.google.com/imgres?q=alvaro+siza&um=1&hl=en&sa=X&biw=1305&bih=732&tbs=isz:l&tbm=isch&tbnid=rIXHlPgkuccr8 M:&imgrefurl=http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Fundacao-Ibere-Camargo01.jpg&docid=ruwMYVIm6DwZlM&imgurl=http://upload. wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/8/83/Fundacao-Ibere-Camargo01.jpg&w=1632&h=1224&ei=5N6XUMyqNdGUiQebqIDgDA&zoo m=1&iact=hc&vpx=1009&vpy=241&dur=590&hovh=194&hovw=260&tx=175&ty=125&sig=105406743560070970006&page=2&tbnh=14 3&tbnw=187&start=18&ndsp=30&ved=1t:429,r:9,s:20,i:228 Page 63: www.dezeen.com

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year 3 semester 2