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October 2018


Calendar of Events

To list your group’s event on a space available basis, please send your event notice with date, time, place w/city and state, contact name, and phone number to: Calendar, In Flight USA, P.O. Box 5402, San Mateo, Calif. 94402, or email



5—6 5—7



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Q Las Vegas, NV: Commercial UAV Expo American, The Westgate, reservations (774) 247-4002, Q Carbondale, IL: AOPA 2018 Fly-In, Southern Illinois Airport, Q San Francisco, CA: Fleet Week Air Show, Waterfront, noon to 4 p.m., Q Ranger, TX: Old School Fly-In & Airshow, gates 9 a.m., Ranger Municipal Airport, (254) 433-1267, Q Prescott, AZ: Wings Out West Air Show, 8:15 a.m. to 2 p.m., Prescott Municipal Airport, (800) 888-3728, Q Lufkin, TX: Angelina Air Fest, gates 9 a.m., Angelina County Airport, (936) 633-0349, Q Livermore, CA: Open House & Air Show, 10 a.m. to 4 p.m., Livermore Municipal Airport, (925) 960-4000, Q Georgetown, DE: Wings & Wheels/A Georgetown Fall Festival, shuttles begin 9 a.m., Delaware Coastal Airport, (302) 856-1544, Q Redding, CA: Benton Air Faire/Fly-In/Car Show, 8 a.m. to 5 p.m., Benton Airpark, (530) 241-4204, Q Shawnee, OK: Planes, Trains & Automobiles, 11 a.m. to 7 p.m., Santa Fe Depot, Q Ramona, CA: Air Fair & Fly-In, 9 a.m. to 3 p.m., Ramona Airport, (760) 788-3366, Q Chino, CA: Living History Flying Day, 10 a.m., Planes of Fame Air Museum, (909) 597-3722, Q Groton, CT: AOPA 2018 Fly-In “Gateway for Exploration,” Q Baltimore, MD: Air Show Baltimore (part of Fleet Week 10/3-9), noon to 4 p.m., Fort McHenry, Q Indianapolis, IN: Red Bull Air Races, open 10 a.m., Indianapolis Motor Speedway, Q Virginia Beach, VA: Biplanes & Brews Airshow, 9 a.m. to 5 p.m., Military Aviation Museum, (757) 721-7767, Q Medford, NJ: Flying W Airshow, 10 a.m., Flying W Airport, (609) 267-7673, Q Santa Maria, CA: Central Coast AirFest, Sat. 10 a.m./Sun. 11 a.m., Santa Maria Public Airport, Q Fairfield, NJ: Wings & Wheels Expo, gates 9 a.m., Essex County Airport, (201) 288-6344, Q Mound, LA: Southern Heritage Air Foundation Airshows, Fri. 4 p.m./ Sat. 9 a.m., Vicksburg-Tallulah Regional Airport, Q Gainesville, TX: Texas Antique Airplane/Fall Festival of Flight, gates Fri. 1 p.m./Sat. 8 a.m., Gainesville Municipal Airport, Q New Orleans, LA: WWII Air, Sea & Land Festival, 9 a.m. to 5 p.m., Lakefront Airport, (504) 528-1944, Q Apple Valley, CA: Apple Valley Airport Airshow, 9 a.m. to 3 p.m., (760) 247-2371, Q Brandy Station, VA: Culpeper Air Fest, gates 9 a.m., Culpeper Regional Airport, (877) 261-8499, Q Louisville, MS: Wings over Winston, gates 9:30 a.m., LouisvilleWinston Airport, Q Redding, CA: Benton Air Center Historical Aircraft Display Day/Tax Sign-off, 9 a.m. to noon, Benton Airpark, (530) 241-4204. Q Fort Worth, TX: Alliance Air Show, 9 a.m. to 5 p.m., Fort Worth Alliance Airport, (800) 318-9268, Q St. Louis, MO: Spirit of St. Louis Air Show, 9 a.m. to 5 p.m., Spirit of St. Louis Airport, (636) 530-2300, Q Hampton, GA: Atlanta Air Show, gates 10 a.m., Atlanta Motor Speedway, Q Rome, GA: Wings over North Georgia, gates 10 a.m., Richard B. Russell Regional Airport, (706) 291-0030, Q Charleston, WV: Yeager Airport & WV Air Guard Air Show, Yeager Airport, (304) 344-8033, Q Minden, NV: Minden-Tahoe Aviation Roundup, gates 10 a.m., MindenTahoe Airport, (775) 782-9871, Q Orlando, FL: NBAA/BACE, Orlando Executive Airport, Q Huntington Beach, CA: The Great Pacific Airshow, flying noon to 4 p.m., Q Punta Gorda, FL: Florida Int’l. Air Show, gates Fri. 5 p.m./Sat. & Sun. 9 a.m., Punta Gorda Airport, (833) 743-3427, Q San Luis Obispo, CA: Vintage Aircraft Associate’s Airport Day, San Luis Obispo Airport, (805) 801-7641. Q Riverside, CA: Aircraft Display Day Fly-In, 8 a.m., Flabob Airport, (951) 683-2309, Q Houston, TX: Wings over Houston Air Show, gates 8 a.m., Ellington Field, (713) 266-4492, Q Hammond, LA: Hammond Northshore Regional Airport Airshow, gates 8 a.m.,


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In Flight USA Celebrating 35 Years



October 2018


here’s tremendous freedom in being a private pilot. You can select exotic airplane camping getaways, fly to small local airfields to get away from the crowd – and then what? You’ve got limited mobility to leave the airfield once you land. For years, pilots have struggled with the next step. A full-size bike offers a lot of mobility, as long as you are willing to sacrifice vacation time in disassembling for transportation and reassembling it for riding. A folding bike saves time, but the pothole-sized wheels, small frame, and limited gearing also limit it as an enjoyable transportation solution. A full-size bike that folds in half bypasses this dilemma. The full-size CHANGE frame from Flatbike optimizes for the riding experience, while the ability to fold it in half eliminates the need to spend an hour breaking down and reassembling your bike. “Private pilots like adventure and freedom, so the CHANGE bike is a favorite among them,” notes Bob Forgrave, the only U.S. distributor of the CHANGE bike and accessories. Forgrave was close to completing his

All CHANGE bikes from Flatbike have the ability to fold in half in 30 seconds, including a folding frame and convenient pop-off pedals. Yet they are also the only folding bikes in the world to be certified for ruggedness (EN 14766 for mountain bikes), thanks to a patented design that retains the familiar and time-tested “triangle” shape of a standard bike frame. (Courtesy Flatbike)

own folding bike model but then came across the CHANGE bike. Having tried it out, he liked it well enough to become the

U.S. distributor, eliminating all the work of manufacturing his own models. His company, Flatbike, is based in Kirkland,

Wash., and ships throughout the United States for free and generally within five business days. The bikes are often taken to bike shows where they gain a great deal of attention. Pilots are quick to understand how the CHANGE bike gives them greater flexibility and mobility once they reach their destinations. In fact, Forgrave notes, that many pilots often buy two bikes, since they travel with a companion often and they “can now fit two bikes where only one would fit.” Before stating all the advantages of the Flatbike, Forgrave noted their durability. Take customer Randy, for example, who called Forgrave while on an adventure to ask him what to do about “thorns.” Thorns? Seems this adventurous Flatbike customer took his bike on a ride through a Southwestern desert and came upon cactus plants and their thorns. Fortunately, the full-sized bike can accommodate tires for any standard fullsize bike and so the customer was quickly back on his adventure, following a short trip into town to the local bike shop. Other folding bikes are optimized Continued on Page 22

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TABLE Volume 35, Number 2



650-358-9908 • Fax: 650-358-9254 • E-mail: •

October 2018





And the adventure begins...

Story and Photos by Pete Shirk Story begins on Page 45 Photo Essay on Page 49

By Victoria Buonocore Story begins on Page 4

(Cover Photo courtesy of Flatbike)

NEWS AOPA Rusty Pilots Course Goes Online..............................................8 EAA Hosts Department of Transportation’s TSI Course....................8 EAA Shares Update on Completing NTSB’s E-AB Recommendations ................................................................11 Red Bull: Sonka Wins Three In A Row................................................16 Air Force Releases Operational Safety Review Findings................19 Jack Roush to be Inducted into EAA Warbirds of America HOF ..24 NBAA to Honor Aviation Legend Sean Tucker at NBAA-BACE......25 Long Beach Airport Completes Runway Redesignation ................26 NATA Commends House Small Business Committee ....................34 EAA Aviation Museum Named to Top 100 Military Sites List ........34 GA Groups Applaud Senate Approval of FAA Renewal Legislation ........................................................................41 Julie Clark Announces Farewell Tour ................................................46 Aircraft Spruce Opens New Alaska Store..........................................47

COLUMNS FEATURES Editorial: Single Source By Ed Downs..................................................................6 Hops and Props: How One Pilot is Sharing Aviation a Pint at a Time By Collin Callahan ............................................................9 Air Force’s First Invisible Wounds Center Opens By Ikla Cole, Eglin AFB ..................................................13 Warbirds On Parade By Nick Viggiano ..........................................................14 Got Your Goat? San Clement Island Navy Style By Donia Moore ............................................................20 Northern Illinois Airshow By Larry Nazimek ........................................................32 Edwards AFB Creates Aerial Refueling Test Tool By Kenji Thuloweit ........................................................36

Flying into Writing: Smoke in the Cockpit By Eric McCarthy ............................................................17 Flying with Faber: Fun and Easy Cooking By Stuart J. Faber ............................................................29 Homebuilder’s Workshop: Selling the RV8 By Ed Wischmeyer ..........................................................38 Callback: What Would You Have Done By Marilyn Dash ..............................................................42

DEPARTMENTS Calendar of Events ..........................................................3 Classifieds ......................................................................48 Index of Advertisers ......................................................50


In Flight USA Celebrating 35 Years

October 2018



2008 Aviat Husky A-1C

1946 Piper J-3 Cub

325 TTAF. 325 SMOH. AirplanesUSA proudly presents this immaculate, low time Aviat Husky A-1C to the market. One owner since new, she has been meticulously maintained and hangared in the midwest her entire life! Taxiing to the dock is simplified with a reversing propeller functional as a brake - this was a $40,000 upgrade. This aircraft needs nothing! Land or splash down at your home airport today! ....................$235,000

Complete restoration in 1997. One owner during & since. Completely disassembled, cleaned, sandblasted, painted, powder coated, and recovered. Numerous alterations, new hardware, switches, control cables, and new parts installed. Wings were overhauled with new spars and leading edges. This low time classic is ready for the airshow and fly-in season and will make the next owner truly proud. This is an ideal airplane for sunset flights, and building tailwheel proficiency. Currently based in Los Lunas, NM. .................................................................... $59,000

1976 Piper Arrow II

1999 Socata TB-21

9750 TTAF. 357 SFRM. Low time factory reman engine, customized panel with the finest avionics upgrades. Used for many years as a test platform for King Radio Corporation and Honeywell Aerospace, then a training airplane with Honeywell. The engine zero timed in 2016, installed in the airplane in 1/17. ....$69,900

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t was a dark and stormy night. This aviator had just departed the primary routing and initiated my approach to destination in worsening weather. My advanced GPS should have helped, but something was not right. Having carefully reviewed charts prior to departure, I had a good mental image of how things should look. Clearly, something was wrong. Was it the GPS program, or had I selected an incorrect mode? An immediate missed approach was executed to give time for thought. My oldfashioned paper charts were quickly clipped in place, and the approach tried one more time, being hand directed with no help from automation or satellites. All ended well. Now for the “rest of the story.” This “aviator” was not in an airplane, but in a car, arriving to a downtown hotel/convention center where I was to speak the following day. It was dark and stormy, and and an advanced GPS was being used. The convention complex was new, in a redeveloped area with highly stylized roadways, curving three-way intersections, and center mediums filled with plant life, blocking the view of any vehicle smaller than an 18-wheeler. Clearly, this complex, however artful, was designed by someone who had never driven a car, especially after a long, tiring work day and even longer drive. My “holding pattern” was a pull-off into a lit, but deserted, parking lot, where previously downloaded and studied maps were called into play. Key buildings were named, and those buildings with lit logos now provided landmarks to use as a guide post to locate my destination. And yes, a re-check of my GPS program showed that the address of the hotel in question and convention center were the same, with the GPS taking me to a convention center service entrance, over a quarter mile away from the hotel. GPS navigation can be, and sometimes is, programmed incorrectly. So, what is the connection or relevance of this story to the title of this editorial opinion? Simple, the successful outcome was based upon the fact that I was not depending solely upon a single source of information for navigation. But this CFI is finding that single-source navigation is becoming the norm in aviation, with safety statistics pointing to an increasing accident rate associated with advanced technology navigation systems leading to loss of situational awareness. This includes not only technically advanced aircraft but also the use of tablet and cell phone programs. Knowledge, conclusions, and so called “facts” are being based more and

more upon a single source of information. To be fair, this is not just in aviation but in our general society. A single, anonymous, newspaper article is now received as “fact” with no thought given to verifying quotes, statistics, or claimed events. If it is fallacious enough, it is good for at least a week of prime-time coverage. Accusations do not need evidentiary back up. Having been made, they are fact. Many now live on the web, believing virtually everything they read, especially in the social mediums. Most schools today, even those of “higher learning,” require less and less deductive reasoning, based upon core knowledge, but simply allow students to “look up” information on the web, often accepting that single source as fact. It appears that the stubborn Missouri mule, you know, the “show me” guy, has gone into retirement. This CFI/ground instructor works with more than 300 students each year and has noted a definite trend over the last 15 years, especially when it comes to flight planning. The FAR’s are quite concerned about flight planning, clearly stating that one must have a “an alternative course of action,” and “all available information.” These two simple, yet not well defined, statements strongly imply that having only one plan is not a good idea. But it is becoming increasingly common for crosscountry planning to begin after the radio master switch is turned on, with a “direct to” command doing all the navigational work. Tablet programs (and some cell phone apps), once programmed for a specific aircraft, departure and destination points, can do all the flight planning, including pulling up NOTAMS and weather considerations. Indeed, such modern marvels are single sources of information. Just two things are missing, a back-up plan and the needed mental involvement that allows an aviator to be thinking out in front of the airplane. Studies of ancient (even pre-historic) cultures tell us that traveling and navigating are something we bi-peddle critters just do. It is in our DNA. Cave paintings and stone carvings disclose images of celestial objects, landmarks, and other geographic points that clearly indicate an awareness of identifiable locations. Ancient mariners, utilized a combination of maps, star knowledge, moon and sun readings, ocean currents, and landmarks got to where they wanted to go. They never relied on a single source of data. The wonderful Disney animated feature “Moana” very accurately portrayed some Continued on Page 12

October 2018


Calendar of Events Continued from Page 3

20 — 21


26 — 27 26 — 28 27

27 — 28

Q Santa Rosa, CA: Open Cockpit Day, 10 a.m. to 4 p.m., Pacific Coast Air Museum, Sonoma County Airport, (707) 575-7900. Q Napa, CA: Vintage Aircraft Display, 10 a.m. to 2 p.m., Napa Airport, (707) 944-9236. Q LaVerne, CA: Antique & Special Interest Aircraft Display, 10 a.m to 2 p.m., Brackett Airport, (909) 593-1395. Q San Diego, CA: Historic Aircraft Display, noon to 2 p.m., Montgomery Field, (619) 301-2530. Q Gulf Shore, AL: AOPA 2018 Fly-In “Gateway for Exploration,” Jack Edwards Airport, Q Dallas, TX: CAF Wings over Dallas WWII Airshow, gates 9 a.m., Dallas Executive Airport, (888) 945-3008, Q Mesa, AZ: Copperstate Fly-In. CANCELED until February 2019. Q Bonham, TX: Festival of Flight, 8:30 a.m. to 5 p.m, Jones Field Airport, Q Fredericksburg, VA: Harvest Festival Fly-In/Airshow, 10 a.m. to 4 p.m., Shannon Airport, (540) 373-4431, Q Chino, CA: Halloween Hunt, 10 a.m. to 3 p.m., Yanks Air Museum, (909) 597-1735, Q Tampa, FL: AOPA 2018 Fly-In, Q Jacksonville, FL: NAS JAX Airshow, gates 9 a.m., NAS Jacksonville, Q Jacksonville, AR: Thunder over the Rock Air Show, Vandenberg Gate 8:30 a.m. to 4:30 p.m., Little Rock AFB,


1—3 2—3 3



10 — 11 17

17 — 18


Q DeLand, FL: Sport Aviation Showcase, DeLand Municipal Airport, (386) 736-5016, Q Pensacola, FL: NAS Pensacola Open House/Blue Angels Homecoming Air Show, gates 8 a.m., Sherman Field, Q Lakeview Terrace, CA: American Heroes Airshow, 9 a.m. to 4 p.m., Hansen Dam Recreation Area, (818) 631-8132, Q Cullman, AL: Veteran’s Day Celebration, 9 a.m. to 5 p.m., Cullman Regional Airport, Q Chino, CA: Living History Flying Day, 10 a.m., Planes of Fame Air Museum, (909) 597-3722, Q Homestead, FL: Wings over Homestead, 8 a.m. to 5 p.m., Homestead ARB, Q San Bernardino, CA: San Bernardino Fest, 12:30 to 8 p.m., San Bernardino Int’l. Airport, Q Redding, CA: Benton Air Center Historical Aircraft Display Day/Tax Sign-off, 9 a.m. to noon, Benton Airpark, (530) 241-4204. Q Fairview, OK: Fairview Fly-In & Air Show, 7 a.m. to 5 p.m., Fairview Municipal Airport, (417) 389-7440. Q Las Vegas, NV: Aviation Nation. CANCELED. Q Monroe, NC: Warbirds over Monroe Air Show, Charlotte-Monroe Airport, (704) 282-4542, Q Andalusia, AL: South Alabama Airshow, 9:30 a.m. to 5 p.m., South Alabama Regional Airport, Q San Luis Obispo, CA: Vintage Aircraft Associate’s Airport Day, San Luis Obispo Airport, (805) 801-7641. Q Riverside, CA: Aircraft Display Day Fly-In, 8 a.m., Flabob Airport, (951) 683-2309, Q Fort Worth, TX: Red Bull Air Race, time TBA, Texas Motor Speedway, Q Santa Rosa, CA: Open Cockpit Day, 10 a.m. to 4 p.m., Pacific Coast Air Museum, Sonoma County Airport, (707) 575-7900. Q LaVerne, CA: Antique & Special Interest Aircraft Display, 10 a.m to 2 p.m., Brackett Airport, (909) 593-1395. Q San Diego, CA: Historic Aircraft Display, noon to 2 p.m., Montgomery Field, (619) 301-2530.

BASICMED – 40,000 STRONG AND CLIMBING Since BasicMed took effect in May of last year more than 40,000 pilots are now qualified to fly under the new alternative to third class medical certification. This new process is the most significant change in aeromedical certification since the early 1960s. And in the next few years, BasicMed is expected to reach so many more pilots while also saving them thousands of dollars in unnecessary tests and doctors’ visits. AOPA’s BasciMed Fit to Fly resources can be accessed at and are available to help pilots and their physicians understand everything there is to know about BasicMed. Pilots can find step-by-step instructions along with an AOPA BasicMed Pilot and Physician Guide to share with your doctor ahead of your appointment. At the AOPA headquarters, our aviation and medical certification specialists in the Pilot Information Center are available to help members interested in learning more about BasicMed and its benefits. If you still have questions regarding BasicMed, you can reach the AOPA Pilot Information Center at 888-462-3976, Monday through Friday, 8:30 a.m. to 6 p.m. Eastern. If you’ve had a positive experience with the BasicMed process and have a doctor you’d like to recommend to AOPA and other pilots, please send us their information through AOPA will be following up with each doctor for their approval to share their information when the Pilot Information Center receives a request to connect a pilot with a BasicMed friendly physician.

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In Flight USA Celebrating 35 Years

By Mark Baker

October 2018

In Ernest Hemmingway’s The Sun Also Rises, one of the characters was asked how he went bankrupt and responded, “gradually, then suddenly.” That’s also how winter arrives in my native Minnesota, and with cold winter air from the north comes the conclusion of another summer season of flying. And while many pilots like myself are beginning to think about when to make the transition from floats and tires

to skis, we are also getting ready to gather with family and friends for Thanksgiving. The holiday gives us an annual opportunity to take stock of the past year and offer our gratitude to those who helped us along the way. Nothing we do would be possible without our members, and your dues are going a long way to preserving and promoting the freedom to fly. I know many of you share a deep commitment to the future of aviation, which is why we have seen such an incredible outpouring of support in the form of contributions to the

AOPA Foundation. Thanks to this year’s You Can Fly Challenge by the Ray Foundation, the AOPA Foundation raised more than $3.6 million from 3,800 generous donors. We are so grateful for supporters who believe in what we do and understand how important it is to fuel the future of general aviation. We also wouldn’t be where we are today without the more than 200,000 members and supporters who contacted Congress to oppose the so-called privatization of air traffic control. The airlines

came closer than ever before to taking over ATC, but thanks to your calls and letters, we were able to stop it. As the saying goes, “If you find a job you love, you’ll never work a day in your life.” I am fortunate to work in an industry that I’ve been passionate about for a long time. Being able to wake up every day and make a positive impact on the way people fly is something that makes me truly grateful. Each accomplishment we achieve together reinforces my passion for aviation and our great community of pilots – and for that I am thankful.

The Aircraft Owners and Pilots Association (AOPA) Rusty Pilots Program, the popular free seminar that has helped thousands of lapsed pilots get back in the air, is now available for free online to AOPA members. Rusty Pilots Online (www.rusty is a fun, interactive refresher program giving you the information you need to get ready to return to flying as pilot in command. Covering the major elements of a flight review, the course will bring you back up to speed on radio communications, weather briefings, and preflight planning, while highlighting what’s changed – from medical certification and regulations to airspace and more – since you last flew. The debut of Rusty Pilots Online, brought to you by PilotWorkshops, gives pilots who have been unable to attend a Rusty Pilots Seminar in person the opportunity to join the more than 23,600 pilots who have participated in more than 700 seminars, and join the ranks of more than

5,800 pilots who have gone on to fly with an instructor, take a flight review, and resume flying as PIC. The Rusty Pilots Program and the other initiatives of You Can Fly, AOPA’s multi-pronged initiative to get more pilots flying and keep them flying, are made possible by generous donations to the AOPA Foundation. “We are very excited to be able to share this new online course with pilots who are unable to attend our seminars in person,” said AOPA Vice President of Aviation Program Operations Elizabeth Tennyson. “The response to the Rusty Pilots seminars that have been held at local airports and major aviation events since the program was launched in 2014 has been tremendous. We are confident that making it available online will help many more pilots get back to active flying and make general aviation stronger for everyone.” In addition to presenting the big picture of the aviation system today, the Rusty Pilots Online course takes a hands-

on approach, guiding you through a review of all the major steps in a crosscountry flight scenario, from preflight planning to landing at the destination. Engaging videos help you get reacquainted with real-world radio communications and provide a 3-D review of airspace. Quizzes you can correct and review as you progress through the course help you focus on the topics that will be most helpful. After taking the course you will receive a completion certificate and can be credited for your work in the FAA Proficiency Wings program. You will also be eligible to participate in the AOPA Accident Forgiveness insurance program. Best of all, you will be ready to schedule some proficiency flying with a certificated flight instructor at your local airport – and when you are ready, take a flight review. There’s no FAA checkride required for your return to flying. Like many pilots who attended Rusty Pilots seminars in person, you may quick-

ly find that you are a lot closer to regaining PIC status than you expected. That was the experience of Ted Malone, a 300-hour pilot who had been away from flying for 17 years until he let the Rusty Pilots program help him get back out there. “Well, the fact of the matter is you already did all the hard work going through the student program and all of that, and honestly, even though you might feel there’s been a lot of change and everything else, you’ll be so surprised how quickly everything comes back,” he said in a recent AOPA interview. Malone’s return to flying made him number 5,000 on the list of pilots who have resumed flying after completing the Rusty Pilots program, and several hundred more pilots have done so since he finished up. Let AOPA’s Rusty Pilots Online course start you on your way to getting back out there, too.

EAA hosted the Transportation Safety Institute (TSI)’s Experimental Accident Investigation course last month in Oshkosh, Wisconsin. The three-day course is one of three that EAA is hosting this year in partnership with TSI, a research and educational arm of the Department of Transportation. The course includes lectures from EAA staff and community representatives, site visits to several aviation busi-

nesses in Oshkosh, and a behind-thescenes tour of the EAA Aviation Museum. The audience is mostly FAA field office staff who work with the certification of experimental and light-sport aircraft and investigate accidents. “EAA has been participating in this course for more than 15 years,” said Tom Charpentier, EAA government relations director and one of the course instructors. “Every time we host TSI, it is a tremen-

dous opportunity to speak directly to the front-line FAA field staff that will be interacting with our members. We hope that the accident investigation skills we are teaching will rarely be used in practice, but we are confident that they will lead to more accurate reports and insights when accidents do happen.” TSI reports that the Oshkosh course continues to be one of its most popular offerings, and four classes are already

AOPA, President & CEO







planned for 2019.

(Courtesy EAA)

Visit In Flight USA’s website for the latest aviation news...


October 2018


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Become An Aircraft Broker Ben Cook started his brewing career while studying biology at Cal State San Bernardino. He used lab equipment and his biology skills to enhance his homebrew kit. As he expanded his brewing skills, he traded his homemade beer for flying lessons and then his two passions came together at Hangar 24. (Courtesy Hangar 24/


By Collin Callahan

ountless pilots got their start washing airplanes in exchange for flight time. When Ben Cook began his flight training, he had something better to trade: home brewed beer. Cook, owner and brewmaster at Hangar 24 Craft Brewing in Redlands, Calif., has been interested in aviation, “since my earliest memories,” he said. His parents took him to the annual MCAS Miramar Air Show, not far from his home in Southern California. For a time, he considered a career as a pilot. It was in college that he found his other passion: beer. But his interest wasn’t just in drinking it. Soon after he turned 21, Cook bought a home brew kit and made a batch of beer – the first of many. At the same time, he started working toward his pilot’s license, and his two passions merged. “I wanted to learn how to fly, but I couldn’t afford it as a college student,” Cook said. “I was home brewing at the time, so I started making beer for my flight instructor and traded flight time for home brew.” After trading several kegs worth of beer, Cook soloed in May of 2007 at the Redlands Municipal Airport. He was flying a 1946 Commonwealth Skyranger that he restored for his flight training. “I bought the plane old and unflyable, and ultimately re-skinned it and rebuilt a bunch of the ribs with the help of a local AMP.” Learning to fly in a taildragger was a point of pride for Cook. “My pilot’s license essentially just

cost me the beer I traded to my flight instructor,” he added. When Cook was ready to open a brewery, he didn’t need to look far for the right location. Good beer starts with good water. Nestled at the foot of the San Bernardino Mountains east of Los Angeles, Redlands offered the best water around. In 2008, Hangar 24 opened across the street from Redlands Municipal Airport. Everything about its brand screams aviation. The name is a tribute to hangar number 24 at the airport, where Cook and his friends used to meet for barbecues on Thursday nights. Beer labels are adorned with airplanes – a B-17 and its nose art on Betty IPA, a Stinson Reliant on Orange Wheat, and a DC-3 on Wheels Up Helles Lager. One beer, Pugachev’s Cobra, is named for famed Sukhoi test pilot, Victor Pugachev. Cook calls his staff “the flight crew.” Even the production house marries aviation and beer. The building was moved from nearby Norton Air Force Base, now San Bernardino International Airport, in 1960 by a biplane builder. Before Cook moved into the space, it was being used by a nonprofit aviation organization. Each year, Hangar 24 celebrates its birthday with an airshow. Its 10th anniversary show in May drew more than 25,000 people to the airport. Performers included the F-16 Viper Demo Team, Royal Canadian Air Force’s CF-18 Continued on Page 10

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In Flight USA Celebrating 35 Years

The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) has signed separate agreements with Brazil’s Agência Nacional de Aviação Civil (ANAC) and Transport Canada Civil Aviation (TCCA) that will make it easier to approve each country’s aircraft and aviation products for their growing aviation markets. For many years, the FAA and Brazil’s ANAC have been cooperating to enhance aviation safety, security, and other areas. Brazil is a member of the quadrilateral Certification Management Team (CMT) (PDF). They have responsibility for Embraer, the preeminent Brazilian aircraft manufacturer. The first FAA-ANAC Implementation Procedures Agreement (IPA) was signed in September 2006, with two amendments

Hops and Props

Continued from Page 9 Hornet Demonstration Team, warbird flights, and aerobatic pilot, Jon Melby, who flies a modified Pitts with a Hangar 24 livery. Cook hopes that the annual show at Redlands will help bring new people into the aviation community and foster an appreciation for the role the airport plays in the city. “The International Council of Air Shows talks about the importance of airshows to keeping airports around,” he said. “The moment that airports are only used by a select few is when they start getting targeted for redevelopment.” Nowhere is this more evident than in Southern California, where large plots of land for new homes and businesses are scarce. Over the last decade, general aviation has had several setbacks in the region. Although the fight over the proposed closure of the Santa Monica Airport has taken the lion’s share of the public’s attention, it’s not the only airport in the region to face setbacks. In 2014, the Rialto Municipal Airport closed for good; it is being redeveloped into housing and commercial properties. Last year, the city council in Banning, just east of Redlands, began the process of closing its airport. Other facilities in the region have seen their traffic drop, raising questions about their futures as well. By and large, it appears Redlands has avoided this turmoil. Operations have been relatively stable over the last decade, and several projects have improved the facility. Last year, the airport’s lighting system received a million-

October 2018

thereafter, most recently in February 2016. The revision signed last month expands the IPA to include Part 23 (General Aviation Aircraft) and provides risk based decision criteria for the U.S. and Brazil to validate each other’s aviation products. The latest revision maximizes reliance on each country’s certification authorities and reduces redundant validation activities and resources. It also more closely aligns the IPA with the bilateral agreements of the other CMT partners (the European Union and Canada). The ANAC IPA revision has a three-month implementation period, which provides much-needed time to familiarize all stakeholders with its content. The FAA and TCCA also continued Continued on Page 12

dollar overhaul thanks to an FAA grant. The last decade has also brought significant expansion to the brewery. When Hangar 24 opened in 2008, there were two beers on tap. Now, more than 40 varieties are brewed each year, and the brewery has won accolades for several of them. Last year, more than 1.1 million gallons of beer were brewed; 188,420 cases were shipped throughout Arizona, Nevada, and California; and tap handles were pulled more than 357,000 times as patrons watched some of the 44,000 takeoffs and landings at the airport. Cook is confident that Hangar 24’s success will translate into success for the aviation community too. “We get a lot of people through the brewery that are sitting there experiencing aviation firsthand – people that would have never sat and looked at small planes coming and going,” he said. “It would be really cool to know how many pilots have come out of that, of just being there and seeing it and being so close.” In 2016, Hangar 24 opened a second tap house at Lake Havasu City Airport in Arizona. Just off the ramp, it boasts a swimming pool and restaurant, where a biplane hanging over picnic tables. Cook, a 300-hour pilot, often flies his 1980 Cessna TR182 between Redlands and Havasu. He wants to expand to other airports around the country, sharing his awardwinning brews and love for aviation. “Having brick and mortar locations allows people to experience our brand, not just see it on a package or online,” he explained. “They get to experience aviation. See it. Smell it. Dream about it.”


October 2018

EAA recently sent a letter to the NTSB updating progress on a series of safety recommendations issued in a 2012 report. The NTSB studied the root causes of fatal experimental amateur-built aircraft accidents in 2011, and came back with 16 safety recommendations; 12 for the FAA, and, uniquely, four for EAA. “In the past six years, EAA has been actively working to address the recommendations directed at us in this study,” EAA Vice President of Advocacy and Safety Sean Elliott stated in the letter. “We have made significant progress, and are continually working to improve the experimental safety record.” In response to the first recommendation that EAA support and promote flight test training, the letter outlines multiple safety initiatives that EAA has developed: • The Additional Pilot Program (APP) was developed by EAA as an Advisory Circular that offers a way to bring more experience into the cockpit as an aircraft goes through Phase I flight testing. • The Experimental Amateur-Built Safety Pledge calls EAA members to sign on to using best practices for fuel flow testing, as well as evaluating angle of

attack and lift information systems. • EAA’s Flight Test Manual, on track for release later this year, is a curriculum that will provide builders and pilots with a clear path to completing flight test training. The second recommendation calls EAA to promote the use of electronic data recording in homebuilt aircraft. EAA is working closely with three major avionics manufacturers to develop this kind of technology and to make it readable as aircraft go through the flight-testing process. EAA previously completed the third recommendation with the publication of its list of Letter of Deviation Authority (LODA) holders, and the NTSB closed out the item in 2013, noting that EAA’s work exceeded the recommended action. EAA is currently undertaking a major update to the list and is seeking policy improvements to the LODA program to make it even more useful in amateur-built aircraft training. The fourth and final recommendation led EAA to establish the Type Club Coalition (TCC), a stand-alone body of type club and safety experts from 38 member organizations that represent all facets of fixed-wing aviation. The TCC offers these

organizations a place to work together to establish the best possible training programs and operating practices for their members. “EAA continues to commit itself deeply to improving the safety of recreational aviation activities in all of its forms, particularly experimental and amateur-built aircraft,” Elliott wrote. “We appreciate our unique ability to work col-



laboratively with the National Transportation Safety Board members, as well as [their] staff. This relationship has allowed us to make meaningful improvements in safety, and we look forward to continuing our work together.” For more information, visit EAA at

P.O. Box 5402 • San Mateo, CA 94402 (650) 358-9908 • Fax (650) 358-9254

Founder ..................................................................................................................Ciro Buonocore Publisher/Editor................................................................................................Victoria Buonocore Managing Editor..........................................................................................Annamarie Buonocore Production Editors ..............................................................................Anne Dobbins, Toni Sieling Associate Editors .................................... Paul T. Glessner, Nicholas A. Veronico, Sagar Pathak Staff Contributors..................................................................................................S. Mark Rhodes, ....................................................................Denise Rae Donegan, Larry Nazimek, Joe Gonzalez, Columnists ..................Stuart Faber, Larry Shapiro, Ed Wischmeyer, Marilyn Dash, Ed Downs Copy Editing ............................................................................................................Sally Gersbach Advertising Sales Manager ........................................Ed Downs (650) 358-9908, (918) 873-0280

In Flight USA is published each month by In Flight Publishing. It is circulated throughout the continental United States. Business matters, advertising and editorial concerns should be addressed to In Flight USA, P.O. Box 5402, San Mateo, Calif. 94402 or by calling (650) 358-9908–fax (650) 358-9254. Copyright © 2008 In Flight Publishing. In Flight USA is not responsible for any action taken by any person as a result of reading any part of any issue. The pieces are written for information, entertainment and suggestion – not recommendation. The pursuit of flight or any action reflected by this paper is the responsibility of the individual and not of this paper, its staff or contributors. Opinions expressed are those of the individual author, and not necessarily those of In Flight USA. All editorial and advertising matter in this edition is copyrighted. Reproduction in any way is strictly prohibited without written permission of the publisher. In Flight USA is not liable or in any way responsible for the condition or airworthiness of any aircraft advertised for sale in any edition. By law the airworthiness of any aircraft sold is the responsiblity of the seller and buyer.


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October 2018

Editorial: Single Source Continiued from Page 6 of these ancient navigational techniques, especially the use of hands and fingers for celestial navigation, still in use today. Discovery of the compass, and later a variety of navigational devices, kicked in around the 15th century, adding to the multiple navigational resources available to those seeking far-off places. It should be mentioned that ancient navigators had a knowledge of mathematics that would shame the modern computer-dependent pilot. This use of multiple data inputs evolved into a basic standard used today that goes something like “always have at least three methods of navigation in play.” This means that two good ones can vote out one that might be giving you bad info. For amateur aviators, this falls into the categories of dead reckoning, pilotage, and electronics. Each holds equal influence. But more and more, this active CFI encounters students attending two-day ground school programs, many ready for check rides, that have never seen a sectional chart, cannot use a plotter, and hold distain for an E6B. They have no idea how to work the VOR. They have never filled out a flight log or filed a flight plan, and as in a recent case, were taught to ask “radar” where their destination is if they get lost. I am not making this up! And these are students who have completed their solo cross-country time! One recent student challenged the need to know anything about basic navigation skills, claiming that his phone app could quickly do everything being taught in class, with no need for him to understand how that information was calculated. IFR students who have never used the VOR are now common, not realizing that the FARs require a full-ground-based (read that VOR) backup for any GPS based IFR flight. GPS direct routing in the IFR environment requires the choice of a route that includes VOR backup, knowing VOR range, ground clearance needs and identification of radials that may be unusable, gleaned for the Chart Supplement.

Obviously, they should be accomplished in the use of the ground-based system. These students are good folks who think they know how to navigate but are being let down by their instructors, most of whom have been trained by CFIs knowing as little as they do. Regrettably, the new Airman Certification Standard (ACS) is not tough on nav skills and allows a single electronic form of navigation to be used. No, this old CFI does not hate technology or think the old ways are best. I will fight you off with a rolled-up sectional chart if you try to take my GPS away from me! But this CFI does believe in the concepts of Aeronautical Decision Making (ADM), which stresses knowledge and risk analysis, along with situational awareness. These ADM objectives are met through correct flight planning. The simple fact is, a pilot who has not pre-thought every aspect of a flight is behind the machine and will end up being a passenger, not a pilot, when the going gets tough. We are not talking about electronic failures but changes in the flight environment that require alternative plans and/or possible nav system re-programing that overwhelm the aviator who has been totally dependent upon the single source. It is a fact that unexpected circumstances can overload cognitive thinking to the point of panic and mental paralysis. Having a backup, couple with a four-dimensional image (three spatial plus time) of a flight rolling around in your head can make a big difference. So, is this just a scolding? Of course not. For our old-time readers, brush up and share your experience. For newbies, give reverence to the basics and take pride in your ability to name every town, lake, and river you fly over. And what about CFI readers? Step it up, get back to basics. If you do not know the basics, learn them. But perhaps most important of all, take pride in your skills, not those of some unknown programmer who has probably never flown a plane. You need to be the PIC, not your cell phone or tablet.

FAA Inks Aviation Agreements Continued from Page 10 their long tradition of cooperation. The two agencies signed a Shared Surveillance Management Plan that defines the process by which they recognize each other’s surveillance of manufacturers and their suppliers in the United States and Canada. The Plan ensures manufacturers, certificate holders, production approval holders and suppliers are complying with the responsible countries’ applicable regulatory

requirements. The plan requires manufacturers to comply with an approved quality system and ensure their subcontractors and suppliers also meet the applicable requirements and adhere to quality standards. The result will be less need for FAA and TCCA aviation inspectors to travel to each other’s facilities to do surveillance. Previously this was done on a case-bycase basis.


October 2018

By Ilka Cole

Eglin Air Force Base Public Affairs

The 96th Medical Group opened the Air Force’s first Invisible Wounds Center Aug. 30, at Eglin Air Force Base in Florida. More than 120 people attended the event and toured the new facility, including Air Force Surgeon General, Lt. Gen. Dorothy Hogg, 96th Test Wing installation commander, Brig. Gen. Evan C. Dertien and members of the local community. Hogg, the guest speaker for the ceremony, thanked everyone who helped standup the center and also reaffirmed the Air Force’s commitment to providing ‘Trusted Care’ to our military members. “Standing up this facility is just the first step of many in our commitment to care for our warriors with invisible wounds,” she said. “We owe these brave men and women the very best treatment possible. Today, we make good on that commitment.” The center will serve as a regional treatment center for post-traumatic stress, traumatic brain injury, associated pain conditions and psychological injuries. “The center is ready to treat retirees, Guard, Reserve, and active duty members from our sister services who carry the weight of invisible wounds,” said Hogg. “Our goal is to eliminate barriers to care. We want to treat our service members with dignity through every phase of their recovery.” The IWC, modeled after the best practices of the Intrepid Spirit Centers, will assemble a team of 18 specialties under one roof, providing treatment in an individually tailored, holistic and integrated fashion, using a combination of conventional and complimentary therapies. “We’re here for you, we’re ready to serve you,” said Dertien. “The facility and the capabilities we are building here have the impact and the potential to change people’s lives. This sends the message that we can talk about invisible wounds. It’s okay to ask for help.” Art and music therapy, yoga, acupuncture, physical and occupational therapy and mental health services will also be included in treatment. “Having all these services under one roof, complimenting each other, provides treatment and healing in ways that are only now being recognized,” said Hogg. “The providers will also address physical, spiritual, mental and social well-being to further ensure positive health outcomes.” Hogg shared positive accounts from wounded warriors she met at Intrepid Spirit Centers on military installations around the

Lt. Gen. Dorothy Hogg, Air Force surgeon general, Brig. Gen. Evan C. Dertien, 96th Test Wing commander , and Col. Pamela Smith, 96th Medical Group commander, smile as they cut the ribbon during a ceremony for the Air Force’s first Invisible Wounds Center Aug. 30, 2018, at Eglin Air Force Base, Fla. The IWC will serve as a regional treatment center for post-traumatic stress, traumatic brain injury, associated pain conditions and psychological injuries. (U.S. Air Force photo by Ilka Cole)

country. She attributed their success to the mind and body approach to treatment and community involvement. She also noted patient, caregiver and family education is key component in the healing process. “We learned the best outcomes occur when a host of people are involved in the healing process,” she said. “Complete healing and reintegration requires healing the patient as well as the family.” The ceremony concluded with a good news, momentous announcement for the military community. Hogg said the Department of Defense recently accepted a proffer from Arnold Fisher, honorary chairman of the Intrepid Fallen Heroes Fund, to build an Intrepid Spirit Center at Eglin AFB, making it the tenth of its kind and the first on an Air Force base. Plans for the ground breaking are underway, and officials expect a completion of the facility in 2020. Fisher described these facilities as “centers of hope,” and adds that these center are not built by the government, but by donations from the American people. He said that thought is reassuring because Americans believe this is the right model to treat invisible wounds, according to Hogg. “Fisher is determined to continue his mission to build Intrepid Spirit Centers,” said Hogg. “Today the Air Force is forever grateful to him and all the donors who will make the Intrepid Spirit Center here a reality.” For more information about the Invisible Wounds Center visit the Air Force website at or the Eglin Air Force Base website at


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In Flight USA Celebrating 35 Years




October 2018

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Bud Granley Family Airshows Makes the Difficult Look Easy, the Easy Look Spectacular!

arbirds on Parade is a great little airshow and classic car show held at the Dallas suburban airport in Lancaster, Texas. It is fundraiser for the Dallas Ft. Worth Wing of the Commemorative Air Force. I have attended this event in the past and thought it would be a great subject for an article here in In Flight USA. After talking to Wing Leader Keith Barrett and clearing my work schedule, I was all set up to attend the show on Saturday. Well, life gets in the way, and I had a family item that required me to be on call all day Saturday! I failed to mention that this show is a one-day show, on Saturday! Keith extended an invitation to come on Friday. He explained that it would be set-up day, and there might be some aircraft arriving. This will work I thought, but I would miss the classic car show. And this car show is a show that you do not want to miss! When you combine classic cars with classic airplanes, one day is not long enough to view all this eye candy! For a small fee, people could get a picture of their car alongside a warbird. One year,

(Nick Viggiano)

Volunteers working on the T-41A. (Nick Viggiano)

the warbird was a P-51 Mustang. I think it attracted every Ford Mustang in the area, or at least it seemed that way as a line of cars went by to get photographed! Friday morning, I arrived at the CAF DFW Wing’s hangar where Wing Commander Col. Keith Barrett greeted me. Keith advised me of the aircraft that had to cancel (due to weather) and that the only aircraft that was more than likely to arrive Friday would be a P-51 Mustang. So, I set out to explore the Wing’s facilities. I have been to the show several times, but I was so busy photographing out by the runway that I have never had time to tour their hangar and museum that houses many great artifacts. The Wing’s centerpiece Ready 4 Continued on Page 18

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October 2018


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October 2018

Hat-Trick Hero Martin Sonka Leads the World Championship After Winning in Wiener Neustadt

Martin Sonka on Sept. 16 in Wiener Neustadt, Austria, won Red Bull’s sixth round in epic style beating Yoshihide Muroya’s time by just 0.036s and in doing so, became the first pilot to win three races in a row since Hannes Arch in 2010. This was one of the closest finishes to an air race ever with all four pilots finishing withing 0.8s of each other. Muroya flew first in the Final 4 and set a fantastic time of 59.324s – the fastest of the day up until that point. When Sonka entered the track it looked like Muroya had done enough for the win. Sonka was behind Muroya’s time at the split times, but they were shrinking with every advance, and when Sonka passed through the Finish Gate he had clawed the time back and pushed his Japanese rival into second place. Mika Brageot, in only his second Final 4 appearance, flew cleanly and

smooth, but wasn’t able to top the more experienced pilots. His time of 1:00.088, although penalty free, saw him finish fourth in the Final 4. This was the first time this season that all four pilots in the last round didn’t pick up any penalties. Last into the track was Matt Hall. He was behind Sonka in the split times, but was gaining at the halfway point where he was just 0.021s behind Sonka and was

looking to catch the Czech pilot. But he was unable to, and crossed the finish line just 0.083s behind the leader, which saw him finish third. This result sees both Martin Sonka and Matt Hall leapfrog over Michael Goulian with Sonka on top of the standings on 64 points and Hall six points behind on 58. Goulian now finds himself nine points off the leadership.

Martin Sonka of the Czech Republic meets the fans during the Pilots Parade at the sixth round of the Red Bull Air Race World Championship in Wiener Neustadt, Austria on September 16, 2018. (Courtesy Red Bull/Predrag Vuckovic) With two races left, both in the United States, it’s going to be an exciting climax to the 2018 season: Oct. 6-7 in Indianapolis, Indiana and Nov. 17-18 in Fort Worth, Texas. For more information, visit the Red Bull website at

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October 2018


Flying into Writing By Eric McCarthy


t was a hot, humid August day in the year 2000. My wife, youngest son, and I decided to take a quick flight over Massachusetts’ North Shore. I had done this flight many times: we’d depart Lawrence Municipal Airport (KLWM) to the east, climbing to 2,500-3,000 feet, following the Merrimack River as it winds its way 15 miles or so to the Atlantic, passing the quaint town of Newburyport before reaching the mouth of the river. There, I would usually proceed out to sea a couple of miles before executing a 270-degree, descending left turn to align the aircraft with the coastline at an altitude of 1,000 to 1,500 feet. We’d fly southbound along the beaches of Plum Island, past the majestic Crane Estate and its magnificent grounds, then Crane’s Beach before turning east to round Cape Ann, the nub of land that projects into the Atlantic north of Boston. We’d pass the aptly named and picturesque town of Rockport, and Thacher Island, a small island just off the coast and home to the twin, 124-foot tall, lighthouses known as Ann’s Eyes, built in 1861. Then southwest past Good Harbor Beach and Bass Rocks, turning north around Eastern Point, over Gloucester Harbor and past Hammond Castle, up the Annisquam River, past Wingaersheek Beach, then we’d retrace our steps up the coast for the return to the airport. My wife, boys, and I had spent many a summer day at the various beaches and towns we’d be flying over; this flight would provide a fresh perspective on these familiar sites. It’s a pleasant, scenic flight and only takes about 45 minutes to fly. At least, that was the plan… I had recently checked out in an F33A (N1932N), the straight-tail, short fuselage version of the Beechcraft Bonanza. I suppose it could be argued that it has been displaced from its pedestal by the Cirrus aircraft, but at the time, the Bonanza was pretty much a top dog of the single engine aircraft. It was roomy and comfortable, powerful and fast, and I was looking forward to introducing my wife to the comfort and speed of the Bonanza. It was a significant step up from the Cessnas and Piper I had been flying. I got the plane preflighted, loaded


everyone into the plane, and taxied to the active runway 23. Runup complete, tower cleared us for takeoff; I advanced the throttle and she accelerated quickly to rotation speed. Just as I lifted off, I saw something; I’m still not exactly sure of what I saw – a mist or puff of something that dissipated as quickly as it had materialized. “Did you see that?” I asked my wife. “See what?” Well, I guess not then… But I had an uneasy feeling about it. With my wife and son on board, I didn’t want to take any chances. It would be disappointing to cancel the flight at this point, but safety trumps all… I called the tower and told them I wanted to come back, I thought I had seen a puff of smoke… “Are you declaring an emergency?” an excited controller asked. Maybe I should have, but at the time I had all the traditional fears of FAA inquiry and reams of paperwork designed to trip you up and find fault if you declared an emergency; besides, everything seemed okay, I just wanted to err on the side of caution. I kept it all pretty lowkey – I didn’t want to alarm my wife and son, and to their credit, they remained quiet and let me deal with the situation with minimal interference. “Negative, just want to make a precautionary landing…” Lawrence is a pretty small airport. It has some business jet activity, a couple of repair facilities, and two or three FBO/flight training facilities. The Massachusetts State Police and an air ambulance service kept helicopters there, and over the years, Mike Goulian kept his airshow and Red Bull Air Race planes hangared there, and Terrafugia would soon test fly their flying car from the Lawrence runways, but most of the traffic was small GA aircraft. And most of the time, like most airports I suppose, it was pretty quiet, and there wasn’t a lot of excitement… “All aircraft clear the pattern. N1932N cleared to land whatever runway you’d like. Wind 250 at 4. We’ve got the equipment rolling for you.” This was clearly going to be a bigger deal than I had anticipated…


Turning northwest on crosswind from runway 23 pretty much sets you up for a right downwind for runway 14. “Okay, we’ll take 14, 32November.” As long as we’re heading back with a potential problem, no sense extending our time airborne, not to mention our parking space was over there… I got the plane squared away for landing, did a quick GUMPS check and turned final. Oh boy, here they come! I don’t recall how many fire trucks, police cars, and ambulances they had scrambled, but it was an impressive display of flashing lights lining taxiway Delta awaiting our arrival. I don’t know how they got there so quickly, but had I actually needed them, they would have been ready to do what was necessary, and I’m grateful for that. The landing was uneventful and as I rolled to a stop on the runway, the flashing entourage descended on our plane. After an initial inspection to determine that we weren’t on fire, Tower called seeking my intentions. “I guess we’ll taxi back to parking…” And so, trailing several emergency vehicles, I cleared at Delta, taxied to the north ramp, and parked. We got out, discussed what had happened with the emergency services guys, thanked them for their service, and packed it in for the day. I don’t specifically recall, but I think I went to the tower to talk with the controllers as well. I hadn’t actually declared an emergency, but I had clearly received preferential treatment as if I had. And yet, no reams of paper, no castigation, not even a call from the FAA. The North Shore tour would wait for another day… The next day, a brief article appeared in the local paper, The Lawrence Eagle Tribune, with the heading: Scared Pilot Returns to Airport Wow, I guess I should have been brave and just flown around for a while… I notified the aircraft owner who ordered an inspection to see if there was anything to be concerned about. Spoiler alert: there was! The inspection revealed a shocking discovery: the entire backside of the left side exhaust manifold – all three pipes – had corroded away! Hot exhaust


gases were flowing freely under the cowling, introducing the potential for fire, carbon monoxide poisoning, and who knows what other potential problems! As I indicated, I’m still not sure what I had seen, but I’m glad it prompted me to return to the airport post haste! I don’t know how close we were to disaster, but it was a lot closer than I’d like to be!

Say again?

We recently departed Fallbrook Air Park (L18) bound for Imperial (KIPL) and climbing to get over the mountains at Julian VOR (JLI). As we usually do, we had requested Flight Following and were listening to SoCal when we heard the parachute operation in Oceanside (KOKB) check in with their standard notification: “Go Jump 1, jumpers away in two minutes, Oceanside.” SoCal relayed their announcement to all the traffic in the area, followed shortly thereafter by Go Jump 1 again: “Go Jump 1, jumpers away! It’s raining men… and women! Oceanside.” I’m not sure if that’s standard phraseology, but it got the message across!

Back to the Future

In another humorous incident, this time in my old stomping grounds in the Northeast, an aircraft overran the 1,760foot runway at Cranland Airport (28M) in the small town of Hanson, Mass. It probably wouldn’t have made the news if there hadn’t been another crash just a few days before at the same airport, that one involving a fatality, but there it was all over the local news. One reporter, attempting to do her job, interviewed the pilot who had apparently maintained his sense of humor through the ordeal, telling her he believed it was a “defective flux capacitator” (sic) that contributed to the crash – which, of course, she dutifully reported to everyone in the greater Boston area and beyond! Doc Brown must be enjoying a good laugh in his DeLorean somewhere in the space/time continuum! That’s all for this month. Until next time, fly safe!

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In Flight USA Celebrating 35 Years

October 2018

Warbirds on Parade

prised a surfaced German U-Boat off the coast of Brazil and sank it! It was about this time that some of the staff and volunteers were off to place the traffic cones to guide and designate the parking area in the field next to the hangar. This is a job I had no envy of with temps rocketing to 100 degrees! To stay cool, I decided to step into the museum, which is a large room off to the side of the hangar. It is jammed with outstanding military artifacts, from uniforms, posters (loose lips sink ships kind), manuals, and my favorite, the Norden Bombsight! By the time I finished perusing the museum, the Vultee BT-15 Valiant was being tugged out to the ramp. Vultee designed the BT-13, which was equipped with a Pratt & Whitney 450hp R-985 engine. Due to the demand on the Pratt & Whitney power plants, later marks of the Valiant were equipped with the Wright 450hp R-975 radial. The Wright powered Valiants were designated BT-15. The Navy adopted the P&W-powered aircraft as their main basic trainer, designating it the SNV. One volunteer I met was Hugh “Radar” Hunton. He is a retired Air Traffic Controller, hence the call-sign

Continued from Page 14 Duty was out on the ramp soaking in some of the hot Texas sun. Ready 4 Duty is a RD4-6S, the Navy’s designation of the Douglas DC-3/C-47. This aircraft was modified to carry depth charges on external racks mounted under the fuselage between the main landing gear. During a patrol in Feb. 1945, Ready 4 Duty was part of a squadron that surRight: The newly stripped T-41A, waiting to be painted with the markings of the USAF T-41A Mescalero a military version of the Cessna 172. (Nick Viggiano)


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Volunteers on their way to set up the traffic cones. (Nick Viggiano)

radar. He gave me a tour of the now defunct “Cold War Museum.” In past years, the show was put on in conjunction with the Cold War Museum. The Cold War Museum’s focus was on Soviet aircraft, MiGs & Hinds helicopters. This is the first year without the participation of the CWM, but by all accounts, the Saturday show was a success. Next, the volunteers were cleaning off the masking of the newly acquired (donated) Cessna 172. The first step was stripping off the old paint, then it will be painted in the markings of a USAF T-41A Mescalero a military version of the Cessna 172. It is always fun to meet new aviation/warbird friends. I got to talk to many that Friday and although I left at 4 p.m. without even hearing a Merlin engine, I had a great time at the Dallas Ft. Worth Wing of the CAF. I hope to be able to take in the show next year! Check them out at .


October 2018

Air Force units across all levels of command are addressing the issues identified by an Air Force-wide operational safety review, initiated this spring by the Air Force Chief of Staff. “The review (released on Sept. 10) proved tremendously helpful as we continue to seek both high levels of safety with intense and realistic training,” said Chief of Staff of the Air Force Gen. David L. Goldfein. “As air superiority is not an American birthright, our training must continue to be challenging and meaningful. But I also want commanders to have the decision authority to determine how far to push,” he said. Secretary of the Air Force Heather Wilson agrees. “We lean forward every day to get the mission done – it’s what we do – but we must also know when risks associated with leaning forward outweigh the benefit,” she said. “Gen. Goldfein and I will continue to empower leaders to take care of their people as we build the ready force we need.” Air Force safety officials said the review identified several factors that require commanders’ continued focus. The Air Force disseminated the findings to the field and flying and maintenance leaders at every level are addressing the issues and using the findings to inform their decisions. The review pointed to several potential safety risks: Stress posed by high operations tempos; a lack of time to properly focus on flying basics; mission activities and training; the pressure to accept risk; cultural tendencies to always execute the mission; decreased aircraft availability; and the potential for complacency during routine tasks. “We’re taking necessary steps to ensure our Airmen operate as safely as possible in an inherently dangerous business,” Goldfein said. Goldfein recounted a story from Operation Desert Storm in 1991 that he said helps calibrate his approach to training and safety. “On my first combat mission in Desert Storm as a captain and F-16 (Fighting Falcon) flight commander, we crossed into enemy territory and the first thing we saw was anti-aircraft fire. Then we had a few surface-air-missiles launched at us. Then an F-15 (Eagle) shot down a MiG-29 and I watched it descend and hit the desert and explode,” he said. “I’ll never forget that moment in combat. I realized that nothing I was seeing was new. It was the same formation, the same radio calls, the same threats, just real this time. I realized at that moment

that I can do this. I had trained for it and it was just like Red Flag,” he said. Whether flying fighters, bombers, tankers or engaged in high-tempo ground operations of weapons loading or aircraft maintenance, Goldfein said he wants all Airmen to train so realistically that their preparation, experience and discipline protects them and the mission in both peace and in combat. With this mindset, Air Force leadership provided wing commanders with

focus areas to facilitate safety review discussions. The review examined leadership and supervision engagements; training; mission planning, briefings and debriefings; risk management; flightline operations; experience in the force; and fundamental focus. According to Maj. Gen. John Rauch, Jr., Air Force Chief of Safety and Commander of the Air Force Safety Center, the Air Force sought to help commanders identify gaps and seams in each


focus area. Commanders then provided feedback through each major command, to ensure senior leaders were aware of concerns across the force. The Air Force has already initiated efforts to address some of the concerns, to include adding support capabilities back into the squadron, reducing additional duties, enhancing information processes for aircrew mission planning, and reducing staff requirements. Continued on Page 22

In Flight USA Celebrating 35 Years



October 2018

By Donia Moore

San Clemente Island is like a neighbor’s fenced backyard. We can see part of it. We can hear activities in it. But the truth is that most of us don’t know anything about it. If we’ve heard about San Clemente Island at all, we think that it is used only for bombing practice for the Navy, and that it has goats roaming all over it; not a good combination for either Navy or goats.

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Most of us don’t know, for example, that the non-native goats were probably brought to the island in the late 1800’s from nearby Santa Catalina Island. Or that by 1860, the island was used extensively for sheep ranching. During the Civil War, Tom Gallagher was stationed on Santa Catalina Island. He is thought to be the first person to raise sheep on San Clemente Island. When he first set foot on the island, the grass grew down to the tideline. After 20 years, he had increased his flock to 20,000 sheep and the grasslands had decreased accordingly from over-grazing. In 1900, official leasing of the island began by the San Clemente Wool Company (Staffordshire sheep), which was bought out in 1903 by Charles T. Howland. According to the San Clemente Island Goat Association, Howland sold the sheep operation, including 25,000 sheep, stallions, mules, and jacks to Lewis Penwell (San Clemente Island Sheep Company) in 1916. When the Navy took over the island in 1934, the sheep were removed to Delano, Ca. but the goats were allowed to remain, for a while. Ridding the island of the feral goats became a complicated problem. The almost indestructible herds continued to thrive despite attempts to remove them. In 1955, the Navy proposed importing mule deer and wild pigs to the island for hunting, all eating the same plant life as the goats. The Navy’s objective was not to kill the goats, but to try to restore the island’s native ecosystem, which did not include feral goats. By this time, many of the native plants were decimated and plant life was in danger of becoming extinct. The goats were thriving. In 1972, the Navy hired a series of cowboys, wranglers, ranchers and rescue groups to try to remove the goats, which were reproducing too fast for a healthy environment. Many rescued goats ended up at Ranch San Diego in California and Black Beauty Ranch in Texas, both owned by the Fund for Animals. Most of the remaining

View of the island. (Courtesy Donia Moore) goats were neutered. Some are now living at the Santa Ana Zoo Petting Farm. As a final resort, the Navy hired a group of civilians to exterminate the remaining goats. They managed to eradicate about 3,000 of the sturdy animals. The last feral goat was eliminated from the island in 1991.

Hotel and Recreation Spots

The goats gave way to a tight little community at Wilson Cove, on the northeast shore of the island. Naval personnel can reach the airstrip there after a 25minute flight from Naval Base Coronado. About five miles from the air terminal on the island are residential barracks, a store, galley for meals, bowling alley, and other amenities. 12.5 miles from the airstrip is Mount Thirst – San Clemente Island’s highest point at 2,000-feet above sea level. The Navy Gateway Inn and Suites on San Clemente Island is similar to the popular chain small hotels you might find on your next road trip. It offers two types of pleasant rooms – standard or a suite. Amenities include free laundry, computer access, hair dryers, coffee makers, refrigerators, microwaves, and cable TV. As man/woman does not live by mess hall munchies alone, the Salty Crab serves up great hamburgers, pool tables and a full bar. Snacks, microwaveable meals, phone cards, personal necessities, and San Clemente Island souvenirs are available at the Ship’s Store. The Fitness Center, Sour Apple Bowling Lanes, Liberty Recreation Center, and The Billy Mills Outdoor Sports Complex offer spare time activities, including a driving range. Residential housing is provided for nearly 200 people staffing the facilities, including research biologists and other scientists studying the endangered or threatened wildlife and plant species inhabiting the Island. Commander Brian Flick serves as the erstwhile “Mayor” of this island outpost.

Fueling Facts

Part of the island’s mystique is fueled by the fact that you can’t go there Continued on Page 21

October 2018

Got Your Goat

Continued from Page 20 without the Navy’s permission. To see its 56 volcanic square miles first hand, you need to be on active duty, a civilian contractor assigned to the island, or a visitor on official business. Speaking of fueling, the Island Fuel Facility recently underwent a $31 million dollar renovation project replacing the fuel storage facilities and pipeline to ensure that Navy aircraft will have the essential fueling support they need to keep flying into the future. The Navy-owned island still serves as a live-fire range as well as a research facility. It plays a pivotal role in tactical training for both fixed-wing and helicopter aircraft squadrons assigned to Navy Region Southwest. Because of this, enhanced aircraft fueling capabilities are critical. The San Clemente Island fuel facility dispenses more than 80,000 gallons of jet fuel for hundreds of Navy, Joint Services, and Allied Forces aircraft each month.

San Clemente Island kit fox. (Courtesy Donia Moore)

Wildlife Preservation Program

Naval personnel and visitors are not the only population on the Island. According to Melissa Booker, Navy wildlife biologist, the Navy spends more than $7 million a year to protect the island’s endangered or threatened wildlife. The fragile habitats of island wildlife and plants are monitored carefully, even in areas reserved for military exercises. Sniper training has been reconfigured to avoid nesting areas. Bombing targets, including plywood replicas of enemy tanks and missiles, have been relocated away from known populations of endangered species. Bombardment ranges remain on the southern end of the island. Beaches on the north will still be used for amphibious assault training.

A $30 Million Bird

Once considered the most endangered bird in North America, the San Clemente Loggerhead Shrike is found only on San Clemente Island. The Shrike recovery program has cost the Navy more than $30 million since 1991, and is the third most expensive species conser- vation program within the Pentagon. Navy - employed biologists study these songbirds whose total population dropped to 14 in 1998. They have been bred in captivity since 1991, and about 15 -20 of the tiny birds are released back into the wild each year. The biologists must carefully match the small black and gray birds for mating, or the female may kill the male. The program has shown a high degree of success as the bird’s population


rose steadily to peak at 82 pairs in 2009. However, the Southern California drought took its toll on the population, which has decreased to 41 pairs this year. Ten federally protected species of animals and plants live on the Island. Three of them have recently been downgraded. The Navy petitioned to have the San Clemente Island Night Lizard taken off the endangered species list in 2014 and it was de-listed that year. An estimat-

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In Flight USA Celebrating 35 Years

October 2018

Cover Story: FlatBike

Continued from Page 4

for folding, not riding, said Forgrave. To fold down really small, they give up normal-sized wheels and the stability of a normal-sized frame. They may be zippy at low speeds for short distances; but for any regular riding, the weight, wobble, and effort of pedaling a bike without enough gears gets old fast. The CHANGE bike, averaging a mere 23 pounds, is suitable for the commuter and the mountain (and apparently desert) adventurer. The 700c or 26-inch wheels, brakes, gearing, and index-shifting componentry are reliably certified and are on a par with mid- to high-end aluminum bikes, notes Forgrave. Further, the CHANGE bike, which is based in Taiwan, also includes an internationally patented latch that allows the bike to fold in half in seconds whenever you need the bike to fit in a smaller space. More specifically, CHANGE bikes fold in half quickly, with just two cam levers. Removing the quick-release front wheel and the pop-off pedals (which come standard with every bike), and the bike folds down to just 35-inches by 30inches by 10-inches in less than a minute. In terms of reliability certification, the CHANGE bike is put through several

Got Your Goat

Continued from Page 21 been downgraded to “threatened”, and the San Clemente Bell Sparrow’s population has increased 150 percent, spreading across most of the island. In spite of its cautionary action, the Navy still maintains a balancing act with the island’s wildlife. According to Melissa, the U.S. Pacific Fleet was limited for a decade in the numbers of days it could use the island. Some incendiary devices were banned in certain conditions

tests. “You want the frame and entire bike to be overstressed enough in testing that it can handle whatever you throw at it without cracking or failing,” said Forgrave. That stress includes these intensive tests: • Falling mass: Hold a 50-pound steel weight a yard above the frame and drop it. • Falling frame: Load the frame with 176 pounds of mass and tip it over, onto an anvil. • Fatigue/pedals: Apply 270 pounds of pedaling force 100,000 times. • Fatigue/horizontal: Apply 270 pounds of horizontal force 50,000 times. It’s like standing on a lying-down bike (if you’re heavy enough). • Fatigue/vertical: Apply 270 pounds of vertical force to the frame 50,000 times. That’s a lot of jumps! Passing these tests assures the rider of durability measures that can sustain the bike for years of use and enjoyment. By the way, CHANGE bike offers a oneyear warranty on all components, and a three-year warranty on the frame. Flatbike extends this frame warranty into a lifetime warranty. For more information, visit Flatbike at

because fires sparked might burn shrike habitat. “Thanks to the Navy’s conservation efforts, primarily the removal of the goats, habitat is recovering and listed species are gaining ground,” she says. With these advances, the Navy has been able to remove restrictions on training that lasted a decade. That $7 million annual pricetag now buys more than birds, lizards and plants. It buys continued training for the Navy SEALS and the Navy’s Pacific Fleet.

Air Force Safety Review



U P TO 7 2 M O N T H S . 0 % D OW N F O R Q UA L I F I ED B U Y ER S .



Continued from Page 19 “This review gave commanders the opportunity and time to focus on ensuring operations were safe by identifying hazards that could lead to mishaps,” Rauch said. “Our commander-led forums identified our Airmen’s unique concerns.” Safety statistics in the past decade show Air Force Class A and B aviation mishaps trended downward. However, the manned aviation mishap rate increased since the beginning of fiscal year 2018. “So I want to train hard and I want commanders to push themselves and

their Airmen to achieve high levels of readiness. Sometimes the right answer is knock it off ... sometimes it is push it up,” Goldfein said. “Confidence in the air, safety on the ground and in the air, it’s commander business.” He also said that anyone on the team, no matter the rank or experience, can make that safety call without fear of reprisal. The safety review reinforced that message and continued to help integrate safety into the Air Force culture. This review is an example, Rauch said, of Airmen taking care of Airmen to ensure operational safety and operational effectiveness.

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In Flight USA Celebrating 35 Years

October 2018

Renowned NASCAR Team Owner Also Passionate Warbird Owner, Restorer




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Jack Roush, the champion NASCAR race team owner who has become known as the “Cat in the Hat” on the racing circuit, will have his aviation passion recognized on Nov. 8 when he is inducted into the EAA Warbirds of America Hall of Fame as part of EAA’s annual induction of notable people from throughout the sport aviation community. The induction dinner on Nov. 8 will be held in the EAA Aviation Museum in Oshkosh, Wisconsin, and also includes inductees from the homebuilt and vintage aircraft areas, as well as those involved in aerobatic flight and in ultralight flying. Roush, a self-proclaimed “custodian of history,” has made major contributions to the preservation and advocates for the restoration of warbirds everywhere. His passion began with restoring his own P51 Mustang that led to the creation of Roush Aviation, an FAA Certificated Repair Station that specializes in restoring Warbird Merlin engines while introducing new technology. In his own words, Roush says Roush Aviation is committed “to keeping the Merlin engine in the sky powering the iconic aircraft of WWII for many generations to come, to honor all those who flew or worked on this historic engine and the aircraft that it powered.” He is perhaps best known for the restorations of the P-51 Mustangs named “Old Crow” in honor of World War II triple ace Clarence “Bud” Anderson. During that war, Anderson was credited with 16¼ air victories as part of the famed 357th Fighter Group. “Jack Roush’s patriotism and appreciation for the service of all veterans is evidenced by his generous sharing of


Jack Roush (right), shown here with World War II ace Bud Anderson at Oshkosh, will be inducted into the EAA Warbirds of America Hall of Fame on November 8. (Courtesy EAA) resources, and his participation in the Warbird community and support of the EAA Warbirds of America and its members. He is an invaluable keeper of the legacy of warbird aircraft,” said Connie Bowlin, president of the Warbirds of America and a regular pilot of Roush’s aircraft. “He believes these airplanes must be kept flying as pieces of living history and a reminder of the sacrifice and heroism of those who flew them.” As a race team owner, Roush has won 137 races and two championships in NASCAR’s top series. He began his career at Ford Motor Company in the 1960s before moving to full-time racing development work. Roush has also claimed team championships in sports car and drag racing during his career. He was inducted into the International Motorsports Hall of Fame in 2006. For more information on EAA and its programs, call 800-JOIN-EAA (800564-6322) or go to For continual news updates, connect with

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October 2018



The National Business Aviation Association (NBAA) on Sept. 25 announced that aviation legend and air show performer Sean D. Tucker has been named the 2018 recipient of the Al Ueltschi Award for Humanitarian Leadership. The award will be presented during the Oct. 16 Day 1 Keynote at NBAA’s Business Aviation Convention and Exhibition (NBAA-BACE), which runs Oct. 16-18 at the Orange County Convention Center in Orlando, Fla. The award recognizes Tucker and the Bob Hoover Academy, which Tucker cofounded in 2016, to inspire underprivileged youth through exposure to aviation. “We are honored to recognize Sean Tucker for his humanitarian efforts to help underprivileged youth through his work with The Bob Hoover Academy,” said Ed Bolen, NBAA president and CEO. “Through his many aviation and humanitarian efforts, Sean has long established himself as a proven leader whose positive attitude encourages others


shortly before his passing in 2016, and asked if the program could be renamed after him. Hoover was an airshow pilot, U. S. Air Force test pilot and fighter pilot. Known as the “pilot’s pilot,” Hoover revolutionized modern aerobatic flying and has been referred to in many aviation circles as one of the greatest pilots ever to have lived. Learn more about the Bob Hoover Academy at their website at Tucker began his airshow performance career in the mid-1970s, and has won numerous aerobatic competitions, having flown more than 1,275 performances at more than 525 airshows worldwide before more than 135 million fans. He has logged more than 20,000 hours flying time, which is equivalent to flying 24 hours a day for more than two years. Created in 2006, NBAA’s Al Ueltschi Award for Humanitarian Leadership is named for Albert L. Ueltschi, who has been widely recognized for his lifetime of Continued on Page 28

The Bob Hoover Academy is the brainchild of aviation legend and virtuoso air show performer, Sean D. Tucker, who is best known for his airshow performances in the Oracle Challenger. On Oct. 16, he will be presented with NBAA’s Al Ueltschi Award for Humanitarian Leadership. (Courtesy NBAA) to pursue their passions.” the Hoover Academy flight training proThe Salinas, Calif.-based Bob gram by completing its extensive ground Hoover Academy, which Tucker cotraining curriculum. They work toward a founded with his son Eric, is a nonprofit solo flight, and along the way learn to corporation that seeks to inspire at-risk become accountable to themselves and and underserved teens to engage in their teammates. STEAM (science, technology, engineerOriginally named “Every Kid Can ing, arts and mathematics) education and Fly,” the Tuckers approached long-time learn to fly. Students earn admission into friend and aviation legend Bob Hoover


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In Flight USA Celebrating 35 Years

DIVORCE – PATERNITY MEN’S RIGHTS If you are Involved in a Divorce or Paternity Case... Should Know That: 1. You may have an excellent chance of obtaining child custody; 2. It’s your child...she doesn’t own it; 3. There are numerous legal methods of avoiding alimony; 4. There are numerous legal methods of avoiding loss of your property; 5. If properly represented, you won’t be “taken to the cleaners”, 6. Courts can be legally required not to favor the woman; 7. You can fight against false charges of child abuse or spousal abuse. 8. You can emerge from a divorce emotionally and financially sound; 9. Men do have rights! 10. California cases only.

Contact: Lawyers For Men’s Rights 213-384-8886 or visit us at LAW OFFICES OF STUART J. FABER

Mark Solper of Fort Pierce, Fla., who has years of experience in ultralights and a variety of other aircraft types, has been named chairman of EAA’s Ultralight and Light-Sport Aircraft Council. He succeeds Carla Larsh, EAA 245755, who is retiring after having held the position for the past decade. Mark, EAA 1098006, is a member of the Wisconsin Powered Parachute Association and also a member of EAA Chapter 1622 based in New Holstein, Wisconsin. He will chair the council that guides EAA policy and programs for ultralight and light-sport aircraft enthusiasts. “Mark’s background in ultralight flying, flight safety, and pilot training makes him an excellent choice to chair that valuable EAA member-based council,” said Jack J. Pelton, EAA CEO and chairman of the board. “We also thank Carla Larsh for her many years of dedicated service to EAA and the ultralight/light-sport aircraft community. Her leadership put this council in a very good position for the future.” Mark built on his childhood fascination with flight by earning his flight instructor certificate in Green Bay, Wisconsin. He later operated a flight school in Pulaski, Wisconsin, while also

October 2018

Mark Solper has been named Chairman of EAA Ultralight/Light Sport Aircraft Council. (Courtesy EAA) building a career that included experience with the FAA, line captain and training standards manager for a major airline, and chairman of the Air Line Pilots Association accident investigation board. “Ultralight and light-sport aircraft flying offers a wonderfully fun, simple, and affordable way to be engaged in flight,” Mark said. “Our council is dedicated to preserving that accessibility, as well as working with EAA to enhance programs and activities that will enhance safety and fun for our members.” Among the aircraft Mark currently flies are a Powrachute Sky Rascal, a Santos Dumont-inspired Skonkwerks 24M, and an Aerolite 103.

LONG BEACH AIRPORT COMPLETES RUNWAY REDESIGNATION After 66 years, Long Beach Airport (LGB) has redesignated two runways for the first time. The runways were redesignated to account for natural shifts in the earth’s magnetic field. Runway 7R-25L is now 8R26L, and Runway 7L-25R is now 8L-26R. Runway numbers are based on magnetic headings. For example, the runways are known as 8-26 because they face 80 degrees on a compass in one direction and 260 degrees in the opposite direction. Since these are parallel runways at Long Beach Airport, they are marked appropriately as Left and Right. Pilots and air traffic controllers rely on navigational aids and flight procedures that are based on magnetic headings to find their takeoff and landing runways. The $14.5 million reconstruction began in Jan. 2018 and included a new taxiway connector, widening of the runway, new run-up areas and blast pads to prevent flying debris during takeoffs and landings.

(Courtesy Van Nuys Airport)

While the runways were closed, the crews at LGB worked for five consecutive nights in order to update pavement markings and electrical signage to reflect the new runway designations. Both of the runway names were changed on Thursday, July 19, 2018, at 12 a.m. Although the runways have been redesignated, Runway 8R-26L remained closed until Oct. 7, 2018 to improve pilot safety and pavement conditions. An official “grand opening” of the runways took place on Oct. 11.


October 2018


The International Skydiving Museum & Hall of Fame has announced Jerry Bird, skydiving legend and 2010 Hall of Fame inductee, will serve as Meet Director for the 10-Way Speed STAR WARS Competition. The 10-Way Speed STAR WARS event will take place Nov. 3, 2018 during the Hall of Fame Celebration. No name is more synonymous with 10-Way speed stars than Jerry Bird, D3299. Jerry was a founding member of the Arvin Good Guys and participated in the first 10-man star ever built. He formed the 10-way team Jerry Bird’s All-Stars which later became the U.S. Skydiving Freefall Exhibition Team. In 1970, the USFET demonstrated what was then called


Relative Work at the World Parachute Championships in Bled, Yugoslavia and inspired skydivers from all over the world. Now you can dive into nostalgia and form your own 10-Way Speed Star team or sign up as an individual. Pick-up teams will be available. Teams are already signing up and setting the stage for a STAR WARS blast. The registration cost is only $100 per team and Skydive City is comping the Team Captain and Videographer slots on each of the three competitive jumps. Jump prices are $26.50 per jump. Manifest is through the Burble Booking Software and team registration is on the museum’s website

To get more information and to register for both the 10-Way competition and the Weekend Celebration, go to Or, call 407/900-9997. Marylou Laughlin is handling registrations, judging and other preparations for the competition and can answer questions The International Skydiving Hall of Fame Celebration, Nov. 1, 2, 3, 2018, at Skydive City/Zhills (Zephyrhills, Fla.) includes skydiving and non-skydiving activities starting with the Early Bird Registration and Reception on Thursday evening and culminating in the highlight of the weekend – the Hall of Fame Induction Ceremony on Saturday evening.


The International Skydiving Hall of Fame Celebration, Nov. 1, 2, 3, 2018, at Skydive City/Zhills (Zephyrhills, Florida) includes skydiving and non-skydiving activities. (Courtesy Sky Diving Museum) Go to to learn more about the weekend festivities and the organization.



Peggy Whitson, Ellen Ochoa, Brad Tilden, Bruce Whitman, Lloyd “Fig” Newton, Richard I. Bong. Corporate Angel Network / Air Charity Network and other aviation and space legends to be honored at San Diego Air & Space Museum’s annual star-studded celebration.

Peggy Whitson, the first female commander of the International Space Station (ISS) and holder of the record for most days in space by a NASA astronaut; Ellen Ochoa, the first Hispanic woman in the world to go into space; Brad Tilden, Chairman/CEO of Alaska Air Group, parent company of Alaska Airlines; Bruce Whitman, Chairman, President and CEO of FlightSafety International; Lloyd “Fig” Newton, the first African American pilot in the United States Air Force Thunderbirds; Richard I. Bong, America’s Ace of Aces and recipient of the Medal of Honor, America’s highest military award; and the Corporate Angel Network / Air Charity Network, national charitable organizations whose missions are to transport those in serious need; to be enshrined at this year’s International Air & Space Hall of Fame Celebration. The San Diego Air & Space Museum will celebrate the honorees on Wednesday, Oct. 3, 2018, in the Edwin D. McKellar Pavilion of Flight. Guests from around the world are assembling for a spectacular evening of fun and extraordinary recognition, as each guest is treated to an experiential peek into the lives of these air and space legends. Since 1963, the International Air & Space Hall of Fame has honored more than 200 of the world’s most significant pilots, crew members, visionaries, inventors, aero-

space engineers, business leaders, preservationists, designers and space explorers. “We’re especially pleased to honor this exemplary Class of 2018 because these men and women are amongst the most talented figures in air and space history,” said Jim Kidrick, President & CEO of the San Diego Air & Space Museum. “Aviation and space exploration, as embodied by the honorees in the International Air & Space Hall of Fame, directly represents the human pioneering and exploring spirit. Oct. 3 is the day of the year every guest will remember for the rest of their lives. Guests come from all over the globe just to be in the room with our Honorees and join in this celebration.” The International Air & Space Hall of Fame is the most prestigious induction of its kind in the world and is composed of hundreds of air and space pioneers, engineers, inventors, and innovators, along with adventurers, scientists, and industry leaders. NASA Mercury, Gemini and Apollo astronauts and Russian cosmonauts are honored in the Hall, as well as famous legends such as the Wright Brothers, Charles Lindbergh, Neil Armstrong, and Amelia Earhart. Notable inductees include Buzz Aldrin, Chuck Yeager, Igor Sikorsky, Wernher von Braun, Jack Northrop, Jackie Cochran, William

Boeing, Sr., Reuben H. Fleet, Glenn Curtiss, Walter Zable Sr., Fran Bera, Wally Schirra, Bill Anders, Jim Lovell, T. Claude Ryan, Jimmy Doolittle, Bob Hoover, Linden Blue, Patty Wagstaff, and many more. Proceeds from the International Air & Space Hall of Fame celebration benefit the Museum’s youth education programs. “Inspiring kids to undertake tough science and engineering challenges is a critical first step for our future,” Kidrick said. “We must also give them the resources and impetus they need to pursue science education degrees.”

The International Air & Space Hall of Fame Class of 2018:

Peggy Whitson

Whitson holds the record for most days spent in space by any NASA astronaut – with a total of 665 days. Whitson was the first female commander of the International Space Station (ISS) with Expedition 16, and in 2017 became the first female astronaut to command the ISS twice.

Ellen Ochoa

Ochoa became the first Hispanic woman in the world to go to space in 1993, serving on a nineday mission aboard the Space Shuttle Discovery. A veteran of four flights, Ochoa logged nearly 1,000 hours in space. She retired as the Director of Johnson Space Center in May 2018. She was the JSC’s first Hispanic director, its second female and 11th overall director. Brad Tilden

Tilden’s passion for Alaska Airlines has redefined travel fare expectations for airline customers – and ensured the highest quality air travel experience. A 25-year veteran of Alaska Airlines, he now serves as Chairman/CEO of Alaska Air Group, parent company of Alaska Airlines, Horizon Air and the recently acquired Virgin America. Continued on Page 28



October 2018

Rule Change Ends Need for EAA Warbirds of America Exemption 10588

In 2012, EAA Warbirds of America petitioned for, and received, an exemption from 14 CFR, Part 91.531, permitting the operation of large airplanes that possess experimental (and later limited category) airworthiness certificates for the purpose of exhibition, and which have been designed with only one pilot station, to be operated without a pilot who is designated as second in command (SIC) of that airplane. Large turbine and piston-powered warbirds were affected by the old rule. Through the advocacy efforts of EAA and the Warbirds of America Government Affairs Committee, the FAA has edited FAR 91.531 with language that permanently provides the appropriate relief. See paragraph (b) in the rule below.

§91.531 Second in command requirements. (a) Except as provided in paragraph (b) of this section, no person may operate the following airplanes without a pilot designated as second in command: (1) Any airplane that is type certificated for more than one required pilot. (2) Any large airplane. (3) Any commuter category airplane. (b) A person may operate the following airplanes without a pilot designated as second in command: (1) Any airplane certificated for operation with one pilot. (2) A large airplane or turbojet-powered multiengine airplane that holds a special airworthiness certificate, if: (i) The airplane was originally designed with only one pilot station; or (ii) The airplane was originally designed with more than one pilot station, but single pilot operations were permitted by the airplane flight manual or were otherwise permitted by a branch of the United States Armed Forces or the armed forces of a foreign contracting State to the Convention on International Civil Aviation. (c) No person may designate a pilot to serve as second in command, nor may any pilot serve as second in command, of an airplane required under this section to have two pilots unless that pilot meets the qualifications for second in command prescribed in §61.55 of this chapter. [Docket FAA-2016-6142, Amdt. 91-351, 83 FR 30282, June 27, 2018]

NBAA to Honor Aviation Legend Sean Tucker

Continued from Page 25 dedication to philanthropic causes, most notably in the development of the international nonprofit organization, ORBIS, which is dedicated to preventing blindness. Past recipients of the award include: participants in the Cessna Citation Special

Olympics Airlift; the Veterans Airlift Command; Corporate Angel Network; those involved in relief efforts following the Haiti earthquake, and hurricanes Harvey, Irma, Maria, and Nate; FedEx Founder, Chairman, President and CEO Fred Smith and ORBIS. Learn more about the award at

Air & Space Hall of Fame

Continued from Page 27 Bruce N. Whitman

Whitman joined FlightSafety International in 1961 and since 2003 serves as C h a i r m a n , President & CEO. He is Chairman of the USO of Metropolitan New York and Chairman of the Audit Committee and member of the Executive Committee of Orbis International. Bruce is a Trustee of the Air Force Academy Falcon Foundation and of Kent School. He is also a Trustee and founding member of the Board of the National World War II Museum, a member of the Board and Audit Committee of Business Executives for National Security, and serves on the Boards of the Aerospace Industries Association, Corporate Angel Network, General Aviation Manufacturers Association and National Aeronautic Association. He is Chairman Emeritus of

the Congressional Medal of Honor Foundation, Director Emeritus of the Civil Air Patrol and an Emeritus Board Member of the Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum.

General Lloyd W. “Fig” Newton - USAF Newton was the first AfricanAmerican pilot in the U.S. Air Force Thunderbirds. A retired United States Air Force four-star general, he served as Commander, Air Education and Training Command from 1997-2000. Newton was a superb command pilot with more than 4,000 flying hours, including in the F-117 stealth fighter. Currently, Newton is Chair of the National Business Aviation Association. Major Richard I. Bong - USAAF America’s all-time Ace of Aces, Bong downed 40 enemy planes in the

(Courtesy EAA)

Pilots who currently hold the EAA Warbirds of America Exemption (No. 10588) are advised the exemption is now obsolete and will not be renewed. No further action is required of the exemption 10588 holders. This is a good example of EAA and Warbirds of America working collaboratively with FAA officials to resolve issues on behalf of our membership. NBAA-BACE is business aviation’s most important annual event, where participants have an unequaled opportunity to view the latest business aircraft, products, technology, and services the industry offers. Held this year at the Orange

County Convention Center and Orlando Executive Airport, the event also offers a premier networking venue and dozens of educational sessions. Learn more about NBAA-BACE at

Pacific theater of WWII while flying the P-38 Lightning fighter. His many decorations for outstanding skills and extraordinary courage included America’s highest award – the Medal of Honor. He died on Aug. 6, 1945 at the young age of 24 while testing one of our first fighter jets (P80). Thousands attended his funeral, and many more lined the route to the Wisconsin cemetery where he is buried.

care facilities or distant destinations due to family, community or national crisis. More than 600 regional, national and international business, air and space leaders are anticipated to attend the 2018 International Air & Space Hall of Fame Celebration, including prominent representatives and Hall of Fame members from prior years. The San Diego Air & Space Museum is California’s official air and space museum and education center. The museum is an affiliate of the Smithsonian Institution and it was the first aerothemed museum to be accredited by the American Alliance of Museums. Now showing: SPEED: Science in Motion, a fun interactive special exhibition for adventurers of all ages. The museum is located at 2001 Pan American Plaza, Balboa Park, San Diego, CA 92101. The Museum and gift store are open daily from 10 a.m. to 5 p.m. with admissions until 4:30 p.m. Closed Thanksgiving Day and Christmas Day.

Corporate Angel Network / Air Charity Network National charitable organizations whose missions are to transport those in serious need. Corporate Angel Network’s sole mission is to transport cancer patients to hospitals, at no cost, in order to receive a specialized form of treatment. Air Charity Network provides free air transportation to specialized health

October 2018


Flying With Faber



or some reason, many folks are reluctant to cook their own meals. As a matter of fact, I’ve met many people who are downright intimidated by the thought. I’ll let you in on a secret – cooking a meal is easy, and almost as much fun as flying an airplane. In my travels around the world, I’ve met numerous world-class chefs. The best of the best will admit that the most sumptuous dishes – the ones for which they receive the most raves – are the simple ones with the fewest ingredients and the absence of fussiness. I’ve lost count of the number of dishes I’ve sampled where the chefs employ incongruous ingredients, dance around the kitchen and rhapsodize over how the dish resembles an artistic masterpiece in a gilded frame. True, some of these dishes are beautiful to look at-but they often taste terrible. When I am home, I prepare a scratch dinner almost every night. I have several reasons for this practice. First, I resent paying exorbitant prices for mediocre or poorly prepared restaurant cuisine. Second, I know exactly what our family likes to eat, so the best way to satisfy their culinary demands is to prepare the food myself. Third, the cost and time devoted to preparing the nightly meal is a fraction of the cost of a restaurant meal often delivered with poor service. Fourth, and most important, I love to cook. It’s extremely fun. I never cease to enjoy the great feeling of accomplishment when the dish turns out great and everyone raves about it. Great cooking is no secret. Select the best ingredients you can find. Keep it simple. Follow a few elementary rules. You will soon be able to prepare great meals for two or an entire family in about a half hour per meal. Here is a list of a few of my favorite family meals.

Sautéed Halibut or Cod in Tomato Sauce

Not only is this dish easy and quick to prepare, it’s quite healthy. Select the freshest fish you can find. A hot skillet is the secret to a finely browned fish that does not stick to the pan. 4 (6-oz.) halibut or cod fillets, 1/2-inch thick (2 filets, about 1 lb. for 2 people) 1/2 teaspoon kosher salt 1/4 teaspoon pepper

(Stuart J. Faber)

2 teaspoons extra virgin olive oil 2 large shallots or 1/2 onion, chopped 2 garlic cloves, minced 3 tablespoons drained capers 2 tablespoons chopped olives 1/4 teaspoon dried basil 1/4 teaspoon thyme 1/4 teaspoon dried oregano 1 (14.5-oz.) can petite diced tomatoes 1/4 cup chopped Italian parsley Pat fish dry on both sides. Season fish with 1/4 teaspoon salt and 1/4 teaspoon pepper. Heat oil over medium-high heat in large, heavy skillet. Wait until oil begins to simmer. Sauté fish 3 to 4 minutes on each side or until fish flakes with a fork and is opaque throughout. Do not overcook! Transfer fish to a plate and keep warm. Add shallot or onion to skillet, and sauté 1 to 2 minutes or until opaque and tender. Add garlic at sauté for 30 seconds. Do not brown. Add capers, olives, basil, thyme and oregano, and remaining 1/4 teaspoon salt; cook 1 minute. Reduce heat to low, add tomatoes, and cook, stirring occasionally until sauce is hot. . Sprinkle with parsley. Check for seasonings. Place fish on top of sauce. Scoop some sauce over fish. Serve over steamed rice.

Home Grilled Baby Back Ribs & Santa Maria Beans

I’ll confess that some dishes just can’t be made as well at home as they can in a restaurant. BBQ ribs are an example. Properly prepared ribs require an elaborate smoker, cords of wood and plenty of time. That being said, my recipe comes as close as it is possible to prepare in the average home kitchen. Start off with my homemade rub and homemade BBQ sauce. Start by making your own rub and sauce.

Fabe’s Extraordinary BBQ Rub

Mix the following ingredients together.

2 tablespoons paprika 1 1/2 teaspoons chili powder 1 1/2 teaspoons cumin 1 1/2 teaspoons brown sugar 1 1/2 teaspoons kosher salt 3/4 teaspoons oregano 1 teaspoon thyme 1/4 teaspoon celery salt 1/2 teaspoon granulated onion 1/2 teaspoon granulated garlic 3/4 teaspoon black pepper 1/4 teaspoon cayenne pepper

Fabe’s Extraordinary BBQ Sauce

1 cup ketchup 1 cup tomato sauce 5/8 cup brown sugar 5/8 cup red wine vinegar 1/4 cup unsulfured molasses 2 teaspoons hickory-flavored liquid smoke 1 tablespoon butter 1/4 teaspoon garlic powder 1/4 teaspoon onion powder 1/4 teaspoon chili powder 1/2 teaspoon paprika 1/4 teaspoon celery seed 1/8 teaspoon ground cinnamon 1/4 teaspoon cayenne pepper 1 teaspoon salt 1/8 teaspoon cumin 1 teaspoon coarsely ground black pepper

Fabe’s Extraordinary BBQ Ribs #2

1 rack pork baby back or St. Louis ribs 1/2 cup canola oil 1 tablespoon Dijon mustard 1 tablespoon ketchup 1 tablespoon Worcestershire sauce 1 tablespoon soy sauce 1 tablespoon Fabe’s BBQ sauce 2 tablespoons Fabe’s BBQ rub 2 teaspoon oregano 2 tablespoons brown sugar 1 small chipotle chili 2 garlic cloves, chopped Kosher salt and freshly ground black pepper Preheat grill to 375 degrees. For less cleanup, use a flat, nonstick griddle on top of grill. Heat griddle. You can also cook these in the oven at 350-375 degrees for about 2 hours or until they are tender and turning black on the edges. You can use a heavy roasting

Stuart J. Faber and Aunt Bea

(Stuart J. Faber)

pan or griddle. Cut each rack into single ribs. (No, I’m not kidding). Place the single ribs in a large bowl. Combine oil, mustard, ketchup, Worcestershire sauce, soy sauce, BBQ sauce, chipotle, garlic, brown sugar & oregano. Whisk until combined. With your hands, place ribs in bowl of sauce and rub sauce on all of the ribs until they are entirely covered with a coat of sauce. Then sprinkle all the ribs with Fabe’s BBQ rub. Drizzle with salt and pepper. Place ribs, one meaty side down, on griddle. Close cover of grill and cook for 15 minutes. Turn ribs, other side down, and baste with oil mixture. Baste and turn every 15 minutes. When the sides of the ribs start to caramelize to a dark brown, turn grill down to 300 degrees. The ribs will start to turn black – don’t worry – that’s where the flavor is. Continue to grill until ribs are tender and they have formed a nice bark on the outside-about 1 ½ -2 hours total. During last 10 minutes, brush with Fabe’s BBQ sauce and sprinkle with Fabe’s BBQ rub, salt and pepper. Serve with more BBQ sauce.

Santa Maria Beans

Santa Maria, Calif. is famous for BBQ tri-tip roast and superb beans. 1 medium onion, chopped 1 pound dry pink beans (pinquito) 4 slices bacon, diced 1/2 cup diced smoked ham 2 cloves garlic, minced 1 (14.5 ounce) can diced tomatoes 1/2 teaspoon oregano Continued on Page 30


In Flight USA Celebrating 35 Years

Flying With Faber

Continued from Page 29 1/2 teaspoon liquid smoke 1/2 cup water 1/4 cup ketchup 1- 6-oz. can tomato paste 2 teaspoons brown sugar 1 teaspoon dry mustard 1/2 teaspoon chipotle chili powder Place pink beans into a large pot and cover with several inches of cool water; soak 8 hours or overnight. Drain. Place drained beans in a large stockpot with enough cold water to cover. Bring to a simmer and cook until almost completely tender, about 1 hour 45 minutes. Meanwhile, in heavy saucepan, sauté diced bacon until cooked but not crispy. Remove with slotted spoon and set aside. Sauté onion until translucent. Sauté ham for 2 minutes. Add garlic and sauté for 30 seconds. Do not brown. Add tomatoes, 1/2 cup water, ketchup, tomato paste, sugar, dry mustard, paprika, chili powders, salt, oregano and liquid smoke. Bring to a simmer, cover and cook for about 30 minutes. Reserve 1/2 cup of bean’s cooking liquid, then drain beans. Return beans and reserved cooking liquid to stockpot and add tomato mixture. Bring to a simmer, cover and cook until beans are tender, about 30 minutes more. Re-season.

has its risks. Who knows what portions of the animal have been incorporated in that package? Take a few extra moments and grind the meat yourself.

Many restaurants purchase bags of frozen patties, toss them on a flattop grill and serve an atrocious burger. Purchasing packaged ground beef in the supermarket

1 pound chuck roast 1/2 pound bone-in short ribs 1/4 pound ground pork sausage 2 cloves garlic 1/2 onion, chopped 1 onion, sliced into 1/4” slices 3 tablespoons butter, chopped salt, pepper, thyme 3 tablespoons olive oil The secret to these burgers is to grind the meat yourself. Cut chuck roast into 1-inch pieces. Retain the fatty portions, but remove the tough gristle. Remove bones from short ribs. Save bones – they are great for making soup. If you have a meat grinder (or a grinder attachment on your KitchenAid mixer), that will work best. If not, meat can be ground in a food processor. If using a meat grinder, grind short ribs and chuck roast along with garlic cloves into a bowl. Add ground sausage and mix well. If using a food processor, place chuck roast and short ribs into processor bowl and pulse about 10 times. Add to bowl with ground sausage. Add chopped onion. Season meat mixture with kosher salt, freshly ground pepper and ground thyme leaves. Tear off a piece of the ground meat about the size of a quarter. Fry until done, taste and adjust seasonings. If you are satisfied with the flavor, add the chopped pieces of butter to the meat and mix well. Form meat into 5ounce patties. Do not pack patties too tightly. Place patties on a working board and gently flatten to about ½-inch thick. Place 2 tablespoons of the oil into a 12-inch skillet. Insert a toothpick through the rings of each onion slice. Place the slices in the skillet, season with salt and pepper and fry for about 2-3 minutes on

In 2016, EAA worked with the FAA to update the hangar use policy to formally recognize noncommercial aircraft construction as a sanctioned “aeronautical activity.” This was a major clarification that benefited EAA members and aircraft builders throughout the country. “The FAA recognizes that the construction of amateur-built aircraft differs from large-scale commercial aircraft manufacturing,” the FAA’s Policy on the NonAeronautical Use of Airport Hangars

(Docket FAA-2014-0463) states. “Accordingly, the FAA will consider the construction of amateur-built or kitbuilt aircraft as an aeronautical activity.” Since the updated policy was issued, EAA – in a statement released last month – says it has advocated for members at numerous federally funded airports across the country where policies do not comply with Federal Grant Assurances. In those cases, EAA works with local stakeholders to ensure that the local airport policies are

(Stuart J. Faber)

Arguably, the World’s Best Hamburger




each side-just until they soften and start to brown. Remove and set aside on a plate. Add remaining 1 tablespoon of the oil to the skillet. Place each patty in the skillet. Do not press patties with a spatula! Cook on one side for about 3 minutes, then flip and cook the other side almost to desired doneness. Add a slice of the onion to the top of each patty. If desired, add a slice of cheese. Cover for about 1 minute until cheese just starts to melt. Remove patties. Remove toothpick from each onion slice. Serve on buns with desired pickles, mayo, ketchup, Fabe’s BBQ sauce, mustard, etc. I guarantee you that this will become your burger of choice.

October 2018

(Stuart J. Faber)

Filling 7 ounces bittersweet or unsweetened chocolate 1/2 cup strong brewed coffee 1 1/4 cups heavy cream 1 teaspoon vanilla extract pinch salt Crust: Preheat oven to 350 degrees F. Chop walnuts, then place in a small skillet. Roast in oven until fragrant, about 8 minutes. Cool. Chop butter into small pieces. Place the walnuts and the pow-

dered sugar in a food processor and process until the walnuts are finely ground. Add the flour, cocoa and salt and process just until blended. Add the butter to the flour mixture and pulse just until it starts to come together. Press a small amount between your fingers. If it holds together, that’s enough. Do not allow the mixture to form into a ball. Butter a 9-inch springform pan. Place the dough in the pan and press the dough evenly on the bottom and up the sides of the pan. Prick dough all over with a fork. Bake 15-18 minutes just until the crust starts to pull away from the sides of the pan. Place on a wire rack and cool completely. Filling: Melt the chocolate and the coffee in a bain marie set over a saucepan of boiling water over medium heat. Do not allow the bottom of the bain marie to touch the water. When chocolate is smooth, remove from the heat. Cool to room temperature. Whip the cream, vanilla and salt in an electric mixer just until the cream holds stiff peaks. With a whisk or rubber spatula, gently fold the chocolate mixture into the whipped cream in 3 batches-just until well blended. Best folding technique is to turn the bowl while turning mixture over with the whisk. Transfer the mousse to the pan and smooth over with an offset spatula. Cover and refrigerate for at least 3 hours or overnight. If desired, pipe more whipped cream over the top of mousse. Before releasing the springform, gently run a knife around the edges where the mousse meets the sides of the pan. Remove the sides of the pan and cut pie into wedges. Enjoy!

crafted to allow homebuilding in hangars, as the new policy dictates is permissible. The 2016 update reversed prior FAA policy and case law, which asserted that aircraft construction was not aeronautical in nature. Despite that change, some airports continue to follow outdated policies and restrict these activities by requiring aircraft to meet certain criteria such as being airworthy. Airports are where EAA members gather to fly together, and EAA maintains that local rules and regulations should

encourage a sense of communal gathering space. Keeping airports accessible to homebuilding is critical to the health of recreational aviation. EAA is regularly working on individual hangar use policy cases that are brought up by members in their hometowns by clarifying and ensuring compliance with FAA policy at federally obligated airports. For more information or to make an advocacy request, email

Easy As Chocolate Mousse Pie

An old joke: A man asks the waiter: “What’s the difference between chocolate pudding and chocolate mousse?” Waiter: “About five dollars.” This pie is extremely easy to make and your guests will be astounded. A slice would easily cost 10 bucks in a fancy restaurant. Crust 1/2 cup powdered sugar 1/4 cup walnuts, toasted 3/4 cup flour 1/4 cup unsweetened cocoa powder 1/4 teaspoon salt 1/2 cup butter (cold)



October 2018





TO SCHEDULE CALL (209) 418-0004 , ext 101

















By Larry E. Nazimek

Missing Man formation in their T-28s in honor of the 9/11 victims (as the 11th was only three days away) and former airshow president, Jim Stanczak, who recently passed on. The “SkyDoc” broke off to fly a solo routine, showing the crowd the capabilities of the T-28. A jet parade, consisting of a pair of T33 Shooting Stars, an F-86 Sabre Jet, and a T-2 Buckeye, owned by the Warbird Heritage Foundation (www.warbirdheri, based at the Waukegan Airport. The Foundation was a major participant in the Show. Skyraider Flight, a pair of A-1 Skyraiders, made several passes, with pyrotechnic accompaniment on the ground. Skyraiders saw a lot of action in Vietnam. The planes had dummy rockets and Mark 82 bombs on the wings. For the sake of realism, the bombs had yellow stripes near the tips, instead of light blue, which would indicate inert ordnance. The Military Propeller Aircraft Parade consisted of a T-6 Texan, three Yak52s, a P-51 Mustang, and a F4U Corsair. A TBM Avenger was impressive, demonstrating the speed and aerobatic capability that many did not expect of an aircraft of that size. After landing, it showed how the wings folded, something that was necessary for parking on aircraft

he Northern Illinois Airshow/ Wings Over Waukegan was held on Saturday, Sept. 8, 2018, at the Waukegan, Ill., Airport (UGN). It is not the type of airshow where you see the very latest in military aircraft. Area residents who wanted to see those planes went to the Chicago Air & Water Show several weeks earlier. This is an airshow where attendees can see various aircraft from World War II, the Korean War, and the Vietnam War. Attendees can, however, walk up to the planes and talk to the pilots… something that people cannot do at some of the major airshows such as the one in Chicago. As for present day military aircraft, the Air Force had training aircraft T-1 Jayhawk and T-6 Texan II on static display, where their aircrews discussed the Air Force flight training programs with attendees. The show was not all about small fighters and trainers, as a Boeing 737, owned by Boeing, and a Cessna Citation X were on static display. Aerobatic demonstrations were put on by Dave Scott in his Pitts S1S Special and Mike Vaknin in his Extra 300. Trojan Thunder, North America’s newest civilian warbird team, flew a

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October 2018

L-29 Delphin

(Larry E. Nazimek)

Dragon's Fyre Jet Truck

(Larry E. Nazimek)

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Dragon’s Fyre on the runway. (Larry E. Nazimek)

carriers. While the wings of the Corsair and Skyraiders simply fold up, the Avenger’s wings fold and rotate, so that the wing tips are not pointed straight up. The wings come within inches of the ground but do not touch it. The A-4 Skyhawk, flown by Paul Wood of the Warbird Heritage Foundation, flew an impressive routine accompanied by ground pyrotechnics. The announcer made a point of relating how the A-4 was the plane flown by the late Sen. John McCain, when he was shot down over North Vietnam. Not all of the performers moved in the air, however, as the Dragon’s Fyre Jet Truck got the crowd’s attention. This 1940 Ford Truck is powered by a GE J85 jet engine, the type used on Air Force T-38s. It

The Flight Line at the Wings over Waukegan Airshow. (Larry E. Nazimek)

let out huge flames and smoke several times before taking the runway for a highspeed run, deploying a drag chute at the end of its run. ( Airshows conclude with a formation aerobatic team, and this show’s feature was the Phillips 66 Aerostars. They flew in the show’s opener, encircling members of the Quad Cities Jumpers, who jumped with the American Flag as the National Anthem was sung. The Aerostars recently traded in their Yak-52s for Extra 300s, surprising attendees who, at first, looked for their prior aircraft and wondered if the Aerostars were present. We expect to see a lot more of them in the future. For additional information on the show:

October 2018



In Flight USA Celebrating 35 Years


October 2018

The House Small Business Committe Hears Aviation Industry Review of Pilot and Mehanic Shortages

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On Sept. 26, the House Small Business Committee’s Subcommittee on Contracting and Workforce convened a hearing with industry stakeholders to examine the pilot and mechanic shortage and its impacts on small businesses. In a letter submitted for the record, National Air Transportation Association (NATA) President Gary Dempsey praised the subcommittee for bringing this important issue to light in a time where the decline of pilots and mechanics can be felt across the industry. “Aviation businesses are continuously seeking to hire skilled pilots and mechanics, however the gap between supply and demand is increasing and small aviation businesses are finding fewer opportunities to support the activity needed to maintain business,” stated Dempsey. He noted that this shortage is putting a strain on aviation businesses that support the 1.2 million general aviation jobs and that most of them are small businesses. Discussing the pilot shortage, Dempsey noted the intrigue younger generations have with becoming an airline pilot over a general or business aviation pilot, and that students entering the workforce have more opportunities to accept and reject job offers. However, “the general aviation community continues to find ways to attract pilots to the industry – from NATA’s Young Aviation Business

Professionals’ events to support of industry programs and grant opportunities – to broaden the horizons of the next generation of aviation professionals who seek a small business-oriented lifestyle,” Dempsey stated. Looking at the mechanic shortage, Dempsey noted that a mass retirement of aviation maintenance technicians is looming, “and without the number of qualified replacements, airplanes will not be able to fly and small businesses around the country will lose money and opportunities.” Dempsey highlighted the work Congress is doing to aid in closing the pilot and mechanic shortage gap with legislation aimed at supporting those who wish to pursue a job in the aviation industry. He also noted NATA’s collaboration with groups like the Civil Air Patrol “to explore options to provide CAP Cadets education and experiences within the GA industry.” The subcommittee heard testimony from the Aeronautical Repair Station (ARSA), Eastern Iowa Airport, EmbryRiddle Aeronautical University, and CI Jets. For more information about the hearing and to read witness testimony and other documents, visit the House Small Business Committee website ( r/eventsingle.aspx?EventID=401153) or visit the NATA website at

EAA AVIATION MUSEUM NAMED TO TOP 100 MILITARY SITES LIST IN NEW BOOK Book by Renowned Historian L. Douglas Keeney Lists Top Military History Locations

The EAA Aviation Museum, one of the nation’s top aviation museums, has added another honor to its résumé as it has been included as one of America’s leading military history locations in the new book, The Top 100 Military Sites in America. The book by renowned historian L. Douglas Keeney, one of the co-founders of The Military Channel in 1992, chronicles the best U.S. military history sites that are both famous and not-so-famous. Keeney has also produced numerous other historical documentaries for The

(Courtesy EAA)

History Channel, A&E, and Discovery, as well as writing numerous books covering many aspects of military history. “EAA’s dedication to the story of Continued on Page 39

October 2018

CONTACT INFORMATION Doug Crowther Business Development Director Cell: (714) 469-0515 Office: (909) 606-6319

Threshold Aviation Group




Darryl Murphy of Chilliwack, British Columbia, Canada, whose aircraft designs cover a wide spectrum of recreational flight possibilities, will be recognized on Nov. 8 when he is inducted into EAA’s Homebuilders Hall of Fame as part of the annual program lauding notable people from throughout the sport aviation community. The induction dinner on Nov. 8 will be held in the EAA Aviation Museum in Oshkosh, Wisc., and also includes inductees from the vintage and warbird aircraft areas, as well as those involved in aerobatic flight and in ultralight flying. Darryl, EAA 293368, got his start in the late 1970s by designing and building a rigid-wing hang glider, a rarity at that time. His first powered aircraft design, a single-seat biplane, first flew in 1984. Using innovative construction techniques, he upgraded his designs and



Darryl Murphy of Chilliwack, British Columbia, Canada, whose aircraft designs cover a wide spectrum of recreational flight possibilities, will be recognized on Nov. 8 when he is inducted into EAA’s Homebuilders Hall of Fame. (Helena Zukowski, courtesy EAA)

founded Murphy Aircraft in 1985. His subsequent designs included such

notable aircraft as the Renegade biplane series, the all-aluminum Rebel, the

October 2018

Maverick, the Elite, and the sturdy Moose bushplane. Along with the aircraft designs, Murphy aircraft were the first to use the venerable Rotax 914 engine, and Murphy also designed a series of amphibious floats as well as wheels and brakes. In 2003, Bombardier used a Murphy Moose to demonstrate its 300-hp V-6 engine at EAA AirVenture Oshkosh. Even after Murphy’s official retirement in 2014, he continued designing aircraft by introducing the short takeoff and landing (STOL), bike-rack equipped Murphy Radical. “Darryl Murphy brought his curious, insatiable mind to the world of amateur-built aircraft designs,” said Charlie Becker, EAA’s director of chapters and homebuilding. “Throughout his aviation career, he has always been exploring new ideas and concepts to make recreational aviation more fun and accessible.”


By Kenji Thuloweit

412th Test Wing Public Affairs

Leadership across the Air Force wants their workforce to focus on innovation everyday, whether it is making things better, more efficient, or saving money. A small team at Edwards Air Force Base can now check off all those boxes with their custom-built test tool designed to cut down test costs and time. Members from engineering and technical support company JT4, the 812th Aircraft Instrumentation Test Squadron and the 418th Flight Test Squadron, created the Receiver Simulation Tool, which is a ground-based system designed to simulate events that happen during aerial refueling between receiver aircraft and new tankers such as the KC-46 Pegasus, Australian KC-30 and Italian 767. “The RST has two elements, the mobile control room and the fuel rig element, which is modular so it can be transported in a KC-10 all over the world in case we want to go test foreign customers,” said Hans Lambrecht, JT4 lead project engineer for RST. According to Lambrecht, the primary role of the RST is to measure surge events that can occur during mid-air refueling. If the refueling surge pressure during a tank valve shut-off is not properly dampened by the tanker surge suppression design/equipment, then a wet or flowing disconnect of the refueling boom could occur. If surge pressures exceed the design limitations of the fuel components

Members from engineering and technical support company JT4 and the 418th Flight Test Squadron use the newly created Receiver Simulation Tool on a KC-10. The RST is a ground-based system designed to simulate events that happen during aerial refueling between receiver aircraft and new tankers such as the KC-46 Pegasus, Australian KC30 and Italian 767. The team has been testing the RST with legacy tankers such as the KC-10 and KC-135 to get baseline data before testing on the new aerial refuelers. (U.S. Air Force photo by Brad White)

on either aircraft, a catastrophic failure might occur. To avoid this situation, flow rates might be throttled down or shutoff early, which could result in receiver aircraft not getting a full exchange of fuel. “The main thing for global reach is to top off the fuel tanks on a receiver aircraft,” Lambrecht said. “Mission planning works a lot better if you get a full jet in the air with full-range capability. The goal is to be able to test this on the ground without having to instrument every receiver aircraft in the air and collect the data in flight, which would be more expensive when you can do it on the ground and get a good picture of what’s going on.” Lambrecht added the RST has the ability to select one of four different line diameters then throttle using valves controlled by the operator inside the RST’s

mobile control room to get different flow rates and fuel line velocities. Once “steady state” is achieved at the desired test point, testers then can conduct a “closure event” at different rates and measure the surge pressure wave that occurs during and after that event to characterize the surge suppression response of both legacy and new tankers to compare threshold deltas. The RST was built at Edwards AFB with mostly customized parts. Lambrecht said even the tires of the mobile control room are custom made. About two years ago, the RST was born when Air Force Materiel Command and Department of Defense required testing of coalition tankers, according to Lambrecht. He said AFMC asked Edwards AFB if this was something the test center could handle. Steve Parker,

418th FLTS Instrumentation flight chief, went to JT4 (at the time called JT3) and asked if this was in their capacity. “We asked our brothers at JT3 if they had the resources to support and they did,” Parker said. “From the beginning through development, JT3 engineered, designed, procured, built, tested, documented, and validated RST, and now we have a fully functional RST system ready for use on universal tanker assets.” Lambrecht said the 418th FLTS has been using the RST with legacy tankers such as the KC-135 and KC-10 to get baseline data before testing on new tankers coming soon such as the KC-46. “It will help bring new tankers online in a cost-effective, rapid way,” Lambrecht said. “It saves money because you don’t have to instrument all the different aircraft when conducting aerial refueling tests. You now have a ground-based rig that is fully instrumented where tankers can just back up into and conduct tests. You can knock out those data points in three days where in the past you had to fly for months with different receiver aircraft to get the same, if not lower-level, data.” Lambrecht added that his team worked on building the RST part time while supporting other test missions. “It was a lot of work, but it was fun to bring a new capability to the Air Force,” Lambrecht said. “A lot of my engineers learned a lot through the process and we’d love to do something else to help save the taxpayers lots of money or enhance mission capability for the warfighter.”

October 2018


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In Flight USA Celebrating 35 Years


Homebuilder’s Workshop


he time has come to sell the beautiful RV-8. My spine now complains at more than two Gs sustained, and the sporty RV-8 flies like a sport plane. It responds to every little bump in the sky, unlike a sedate airliner or truck-like Cessna 210 or even an RV9A. There was a time when it was great fun herding the RV-8 through the sky, but now it is something that I mostly tolerate. It’s time for her to go to somebody who can exercise her properly and get the exhilaration that I used to get. So I advertised her a few places on the web, getting responses from Spain, Australia, California, and Florida. All got pictures and full specifications, but as of now, only the Florida prospect has been what you might call serious. As he lives less than two hours away, we arranged for him to come see the plane, and that meant making her look her best. The first step was to clean the belly, and then remove those few bugs that had escaped the last wing cleaning. Next was off to the wash rack with soap and water and then once around the pattern to dry her off. Back in the hangar, I cleaned the windshield and gave the painted surfaces a mist coat of Perfect Detail wax, and she gleamed. Absolutely gleamed. The next step was to take absolutely everything out of the plane and arrange on the hangar sofa everything that would come with her – spare spark plugs, manuals, documents, tie-down kit, everything. But the rest of the hangar needed to be cleaned too, so I got out the leaf blower and cleaned everything out until a gust of wind blew half of it back in five minutes later. I also arranged everything on the shelves, etc., so it looked like a beautiful plane in a loving home, which, of course, it really was. Is. The buyer had texted me his arrival


The beautiful RV-8 in flight.

time, and I finished just five minutes before his arrival. I wheeled the plane out into the sunlight, straightened the tailwheel, and opened the canopy halfway. She glistened in the sunlight. After meeting the buyer at the FBO, I drove us back toward the hangar. As we came around the last corner, there she was, resplendent in the sunlight, her polished wings reflecting her surroundings, a perfect first impression. Even I was impressed. And the prospect was impressed too. He went over to her, stem to stern, with flashlight and inspection mirror. Then we pushed her into the hangar, took off the top cowling, and he looked at the engine. Finally, there came the logbooks. He absolutely loved the airplane, but not everything was well in inspection land. The propeller had not been overhauled since new, 15 years ago, but that wasn’t a big deal. However, he really did not like conical-mount engines nor nar-

October 2018


plane was packed with Ed unapproved material, that Wischmeyer material would be yanked out, and the plane put back in the shipping container, probably not to survive the rest of the trip undamaged. This has happened. So, it is best to let the folks who know what they’re doing do the shipping. An outfit in Lakeland, Fla., ships about one container to Oz every week. If the plane goes alone, it costs about 10 grand, but if it is in a shared container, the cost drops to about seven. And they handle all the paperwork and financials, so the buyer in Oz would only write one check. I’d kind of hate to see her go down under, but I do want her to find a good new home. (Ed Wischmeyer)

row-deck engines. In reality, the engine is fine; it’s just not what he wants, and there’s a strong preference there. There’s an AD on the cylinders, but they’re holding up just fine. No sale. So I still have a gorgeous RV-8 in my hangar instead of money in my bank account. But I do have a new friend.


I did some homework about shipping the RV-8 to Australia. One friend on the web suggested I should put it in the shipping container myself, but I knew better than to enter the world of customs, agents, brokers, insurance, and shipping companies. And if I packed it and it arrived damaged, then what? It turns out I was more right than I knew. An Ozzie on one of the aviation bulletin boards posted that Australia has strict laws on fumigation and such, and that if the


So this morning, I took her out in the light breeze. I had to wait for two flights of F-16s to land, so I got a little bit of an airshow. Then it was four times around, and all of the landings were good. The third one, in a slight crosswind, was the best landing I think I’ve ever made in that plane. With power off and full flaps, the RV8 decelerates quickly in the flare, and as speed bleeds off, the sink rate comes in, and RV-8s can bounce like a basketball if you drop one in from even a few inches up. It takes experience, skill, and a little luck to get a gentle power-off touchdown with no bounce, but that’s what I did on this landing. Squeak from the right wheel, squeak from the left wheel, fly the tail down smoothly to the ground, flaps up, reset the trim, slow down to a walk, then add power and go around for another. And it’s every bit as satisfying to make an excellent landing in the RV-8 as it’s ever been.

APOLLO 15 ASTRONAUT AL WORDEN HEADLINES OCTOBER 6 ‘SPACE DAY’ AT EAA AVIATION MUSEUM Event Also Features 17-Year-Old with Goal of Flying on Mars Mission

From full-size replicas of Mercury and Gemini space capsules to hands-on fun activities showing the physics of space flight, the EAA Aviation Museum will be “Mission Control” for its annual Space Day on Saturday, Oct. 6. All Space Day activities are included with regular museum admission.

The Space Discovery for Kids experiences will be available from 10 a.m. until 4:30 p.m. It includes a new virtual reality space experience, the popular “Houston, We Have an Omelet” space capsule-building activity, construction of straw and fizzy rockets, space-themed flight simulators, and a full-size replica of

a Mercury project space capsule. Aviore, the Stan Lee Foundation-donated superhero for the EAA Young Eagles program, will also be present throughout the day. Along with the hands-on activities, two guests from two generations who share a passion for space flight will be the scheduled speakers: Continued on Page 39

(Courtesy EAA)


October 2018

Piper Aircraft, Inc. has completed delivery of the 100th Piper Archer to go to ATP Flight School. The delivery comes as part of an original agreement made in April of 2013 for up to 100 aircraft to the flight school. ATP, Americaâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s largest flight school, specializes in airline pilot training and pilot career development. The school initially agreed to purchase a fleet of 15 Piper Archer TX single-engine, pistonpowered advanced training aircraft for delivery in late 2013 and since then has exercised all options for an additional 85 Archers. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Piper Aircraft is proud of our con-

Space Day

Continued from Page 38 3 p.m. â&#x20AC;&#x201C; Alyssa Carson, a 17-year-old with a goal of flying on a manned mission to Mars, will share her already-formidable experiences with NASA. She began five years ago by being the first person to visit all 14 NASA visitor centers as part of a NASA Passport program. Since then, she has participated in numerous NASA programs, including national programs discussing future flights to Mars. Carson also already has her own NASA call sign, â&#x20AC;&#x153;Blueberry.â&#x20AC;? 5 p.m. â&#x20AC;&#x201C; This yearâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s keynote presenter is Al Worden, command module pilot for the Apollo 15 mission in 1971 that included David Scott and James Irwin. Worden is the holder of two unique Guinness World Records: The first person to perform a â&#x20AC;&#x153;deep spaceâ&#x20AC;? walk outside the low Earth orbit, and a record as the â&#x20AC;&#x153;Most Isolated




(Courtesy Piper Aircraft) tinuous partnership with ATP Flight School. ATPâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Airline and Commercial Pilot Training programs together with the advanced Piper training aircraft are made to support and provide each student with the knowledge, skills, and hands-on Continued on Page 40

â&#x20AC;˘ Aircraft Theme Items â&#x20AC;˘ Books, Toys & Models â&#x20AC;˘ Aviation Art â&#x20AC;˘ Jackets & Clothing * *

In-store sale only ~ exp.12/31/1 Excludes discount on Memberships

9LVLW XV OPEN: Sun-Fri: 10-5, Sat: 9-5 (Closed Thanksgiving & Christmas)

Humanâ&#x20AC;? that occurred when he was piloting the Apollo 15 command capsule some 2,235 miles from his fellow astronauts on the moon and more than 250,000 miles away from any other human. As part of the special Space Day activities on Oct. 6, lunch will be available for purchase at the museum from 11 a.m.-2 p.m.

About EAAAviation Museum

The EAAAviation Museum is located just off Interstate 41 at the Highway 44 exit in Oshkosh. The museum is open daily from 10 a.m. to 5 p.m. EAA members receive free museum admission year-round. For more information, call the EAA Aviation Museum at 920/4266108 or visit

Planes of Fame Air Museum Chino Airport â&#x20AC;˘ (909) 597-3722 14998 Cal Aero Drive, Chino, CA 91710 (Corner of Merrill & Cal Aero Dr., Chino Airport)


Why Pilots Prefer CHANGE Bikes

EAA Aviation Museum

Continued from Page 34 personal flight includes the unique role that military aviation played in the evolution of flying over that past 115 years,â&#x20AC;? said Bob Campbell, EAA Aviation Museum director. â&#x20AC;&#x153;To be recognized as one of the nationâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s top military history sites is a great credit to EAAâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s founder, Paul Poberezny, and EAA members and museum employees who through the years were keepers of this legacy and paid tribute to the people and aircraft that changed world history.â&#x20AC;? Particularly noted in the new book is the EAA museumâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Eagle Hangar, which opened in 1988 as an addition to the museum. More than a dozen vintage military aircraft are on display in that area, along with artifacts and historical interpretations of the World War II era. The Eagle Hangar also presents unique perspectives on how

military aviation of the era affected other segments of the nation, from industrial production to the homefront. The EAA Aviation Museum also features presentations and programs throughout the year that highlight the contributions and sacrifices of our veterans, focusing on the aviation community. The museum also welcomes traveling exhibits that provide further depth and knowledge of American aviation and military history. EAAâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Timeless Voices oral history program, which is featured in the museum, has captured the stories of more than 1,000 people involved in aviation at all levels. The Top 100 Military Sites in America is now available for purchase at bookstores nationwide and through many online outlets, including Amazon and Barnes & Noble.

Picture the perfect bike. It rides like a â&#x20AC;&#x153;normalâ&#x20AC;? bike, whether youâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;re enjoying

ruggedthe mountain destination or exploring a new part of thewith country Picture perfecttrails bike.atItyour rides like a â&#x20AC;&#x153;normalâ&#x20AC;? bike. Itâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s lightweight, on a packed touring expedition. Itâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s lightweight, with excellent gearing and an excellent gearing and an for international certification bike30reliability. international certification mountain bike reliability. for Butmountain thenâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;in just secondsâ&#x20AC;&#x201D; it folds to30 fit in your plane with in room Whenplane a bikewith is that convenient, But theninâ&#x20AC;&#x201C; half, in just seconds, it folds half,totospare. fit in your room to spare. you can share adventures with your partner! When a bike is that convenient you can share adventures with your partner! ,E' Ä?Ĺ?ĹŹÄ&#x17E;Ć? Ä&#x201A;Ç&#x20AC;Ä&#x201A;Ĺ?ĹŻÄ&#x201A;Ä?ĹŻÄ&#x17E; Ĺ?ĹśÍ&#x2014; DŽƾŜĆ&#x161;Ä&#x201A;Ĺ?Ĺś Ĺ?ĹŹÄ&#x17E; ÍŽ ZĆľĹ?Ĺ?Ä&#x17E;Ä&#x161; ,Ç&#x2021;Ä?Ć&#x152;Ĺ?Ä&#x161; ÍŽ ŽžžƾĆ&#x161;Ä&#x17E;Ć&#x152; ,Ç&#x2021;Ä?Ć&#x152;Ĺ?Ä&#x161;

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In Flight USA Celebrating 35 Years

October 2018

New Software, Flight Simulation Technology and Long-Endurance Aircraft Keep Embry-Riddle the Leader in UAS Training and Education

Inside Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University’s Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UAS) Training Laboratory at the Daytona Beach Campus, new, cutting-edge flight simulation technology and software is being installed, assuring that the lab remains one of the most advanced unmanned aircraft simulation facilities in the country. Using much of the same simulation technology provided in U.S. military training, students will soon train with more detailed virtual environments and with the same unmanned aircraft used in the industry. The new simulation stations are also being equipped with an autonomous autopilot system for the aircraft to fly more independently within the virtual environment. “We will have realistic geographical data that will represent as close to the real world that we can provide,” said Billy Rose, UAS Simulation and Flight Instructor for Embry-Riddle’s Daytona Beach Campus. “The technology is more representative of what is currently used in the industry of UAS. The students will have more advanced and automated features than what are used on actual unmanned aircraft.” The simulators in the lab will use software developed by the NextGeneration Advanced Research (NEAR) Lab at Embry-Riddle; a Microsoft DirectX-based render engine; and Piccolo Command Center Interface Software, an autonomous autopilot system for flying UAS before the students train in the field with the program’s

Billy Rose, center, UAS Simulation and Flight Instructor, trains Lab Assistant, Justin Krupinski, on the new simulation stations and software in the Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UAS) Training Laboratory at Embry-Riddle's Daytona Beach Campus. (Embry-Riddle/David Massey) advanced unmanned aircraft. MetaVR visuals are used in the U.S. In the UAS lab, geographically Army’s UAS training simulators. The highaccurate real-time virtual environments resolution VRSG systems are also used by with game quality graphics will be renother branches including the U.S. Navy and dered with MetaVR’s Virtual Reality U.S. Air Force, making MetaVR one of the Scene Generator™ (VRSG). VRSG’s largest suppliers of commercial licensed 3D features include a simulated UAS camera visualization software for UAS simulation view, physics-based simulated sensor training in the U.S. military. modes, environmental settings, high-resW. Garth Smith, CEO and co-founder olution geospecific 3D terrain, and ocean of MetaVR, Inc. with Richard Rybacki, simulation. MetaVR VRSG also includes said the installation at Embry-Riddle is substantial libraries of 3D content with their largest to date for any educational more than 7,000 models. institution. Smith said students will train The geospecific terrain virtual envion the most current military and commerronments will contain replicas of areas of cial applications. interest, such as several local airports Daytona Beach Campus students with detailed models of runways, buildwill also receive live flight training using ings, and other airport structures. new, state-of-the-art Penguin C UAS

ATP Takes Delivery of 100th Piper Archer

Continued from Page 39 experience needed to meet the demands of the airline industry.” said Simon Caldecott, Piper President and CEO. ATP Flight School, which holds the distinction of being the largest flight school in the United States and the leading supplier of pilots to the nation’s regional airlines, is now the largest Piper fleet operator in the world. With 95 Piper PA-44 Seminoles and 100 Piper Archer TXs making up more than half of their fleet, this new delivery of Archer TXs will bring them to more than 250 Piper trainers. “The Piper Archer has been a proven asset in the Airline Career Pilot Program, with 92,000 hours flown in the last 12 months,” said ATP president Justin Dennis. “Providing our students and

instructors with access to safe and technically advanced aircraft is key to ensuring they are positioned for successful airline pilot careers. With ATP’s next Piper order, we remain committed to investing in our students’ success and in our ability to meet the unprecedented airline demand for professionally trained pilots.”

About the Archer TX

The Archer TX includes the Garmin G1000 NXi avionics package, which incorporates modern processing power that supports faster map rendering and smoother panning throughout the displays. Saving valuable time in the cockpit, the displays initialize within seconds after start-up, providing immediate access to frequencies, flight plan data,

and more. The Archer TX comes standard equipped with a 180 hp Lycoming engine, offers 128 ktas / 237 km/h cruise speed. The aircraft is offered with multiple engine configurations designed to meet the operational and regional needs of the training provider. In addition to the standard Lycoming O-360-A4M, an optional fuel injected LycomingIO-360B4A engine is available as well as diesel option utilizing the Continental CD-155 engine.

About ATP Flight School Training Pilots Since 1984

ATP’s Airline Career Pilot Program prepares pilots for airline careers from zero time to 1,500 hours, with CFI jobs and airline employment. Addressing the

from UAV Factory, used by UAS professionals around the world. The Penguin C aircraft, which are being integrated into the UAS program and new curriculum next year, are longendurance, long-range professional unmanned aircraft systems, considered one of the most capable surveillance and inspection UAS flying today. The runway-independent, fixed-wing aircraft are capable of flight times in excess of 20 hours and able to operate at distances up to 60 miles (100 kilometers) beyondvisual-line-of-sight (BVLOS) from a two–person ground control station. “We are excited about offering this real-world UAS flight training as part of our regular curriculum,” said Michael E. Wiggins, professor and Aeronautical Science department chair. “Operating these aircraft utilizing industry standards of practice will allow us to educate our students using the highest levels of safety and professionalism expected by the industry. By blending advanced UAS simulation training with actual UAS flight operations, we are sending the best prepared graduates we can to enter the workforce with the skillset necessary to meet tomorrow’s needs.” For more information, visit, follow them on Twitter (@EmbryRiddle) and, and find expert videos at EmbryRiddleUniv.

pilot shortage, airlines attract new pilots to the industry with ATP’s Tuition Reimbursement Program, where airlines sponsor a portion of pilots’ flight training loan repayment. ATP also provides typerating and ATP CTP certification. ATP’s 337 aircraft fly more than 268,000 hours annually to provide nearly 6,900 FAA pilot certificates and ratings each year. For more information about ATP, visit

About Piper Aircraft

Piper Aircraft Inc., headquartered in Vero Beach, Fla., offers aviators throughout the world efficient and reliable singleand twin-engine aircraft. For more information, visit


October 2018

The U.S. Senate on Wednesday, Oct. 3 passed a bipartisan FAA reauthorization bill, sending the measure to the White House for the presidentâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s expected signature. The legislation authorizes the FAA programs and revenue collection for the next five years, providing stability for the agency and activities important to general aviation. The House of Representatives passed the measure as House Resolution 1082 late last month after a House-Senate conference committee agreed on a long list of specifics within the legislation. The one-week extension was also passed to allow the Senate to schedule floor time for the vote. EAA and other general aviation organizations had worked to ensure that provisions that supported and encouraged GA were included in the bill. One of the most important specifics was keeping any ATC privatization or user fee language out of the bill, which EAA CEO and Chairman of the Board Jack J. Pelton noted last month was because of a â&#x20AC;&#x153;strong coalition of all of the GA stakeholdersâ&#x20AC;? and EAA members who made

their voices heard and â&#x20AC;&#x153;got the facts on the table with regards to privatization and its impact on general aviation.â&#x20AC;? The bill is large â&#x20AC;&#x201C; more than 500 separate sections â&#x20AC;&#x201C; but included notable positives for general and recreational aviation. Some of those address such areas as aircraft certification reform, Part 91 review, GA airport funding, designated pilot examiner reform, and more. It also included provisions that had been previously offered in separate bills, such as improving pilot access to NOTAMs and expansion of the Pilotâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Bill of Rights. The National Air Transportation Association (NATA) made this statement regarding the bill: â&#x20AC;&#x153;The legislation includes many provisions, sought by NATA, that benefit general aviation businesses across the country, including â&#x20AC;&#x201C; regulatory consistency, aircraft certification reform, FAA delegation expansion, a review of flight standards reform, the formation of the Aviation Workforce Development Pilot Program to address aircraft maintenance issues, and the establishment of a centralized database to review outdated or conflicting material on a cur-



rent and ongoing basis. NATA also praises the inclusion of language, supported by Senator Catherine Cortez Masto (D-NV), that directs the FAA to report on its efforts to combat illegal charter, which will help the industry to understand the scope of the issue and what future steps might be needed to protect passengers and legitimate businesses.â&#x20AC;? The General Aviation Manufacturers Association (GAMA) praised the bill. â&#x20AC;&#x153;We thank the Senate and the bipartisan leadership of the Senate Commerce, Science and Transportation Committee, including Chairman John Thune (R-SD), Ranking Member Bill Nelson (D-FL), Aviation Subcommittee Chairman Roy Blunt (R-MO) and Ranking Member Maria Cantwell (D-WA), for their work on this important reauthorization,â&#x20AC;? said GAMA President and CEO Pete Bunce. H.R. 302, which reauthorizes the FAA through Sept. 30, 2023, includes numerous provisions that will improve aviation safety, streamline regulatory burdens, strengthen job creation, encourage competitiveness and innovation, and stimulate exports. Specifically, as report-


ed by GAMA, the bill: â&#x20AC;˘ Requires the U.S. Department of Transportation Secretary establish a Safety Oversight and Certification Advisory Committee that includes representatives of commercial and general aviation, including aircraft, engine, and avionics manufacturers and maintenance, repair and overhaul organizations. The Committeeâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s work will focus on certification and regulatory process reform, safety management systems, rulemaking improvements and enhancing global competitiveness; â&#x20AC;˘ Strengthens the effectiveness of the Organizational Designation Authorization (ODA) process and oversight to enhance the predictability and efficiency of the certification process for new products and technology; Sends a clear message to the FAA to improve safety cooperation with international partners, facilitate improvements and end delays in the validation and acceptance of aviation products; Requires the FAA establish a comprehensive regulatory database and a Regulatory Communications ConsisContinued on Page 43

Covers all 48

Contiguous States! Covers all 48 Contiguous States!





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In Flight USA Celebrating 35 Years

October 2018

It has been said that the only voluntary act in aviation is the decision to take-off. Every action after take-off involves the skillful management of risk, the enjoyment of flight and a continuous stream of decisions that result in a safe landing. In 1974, NASA created the Aviation Safety Reporting System (ASRS) to allow aviation professionals to share experiences in a frank, non-punitive manner. The ASRS structure allows pilots and other aviation professionals to file an anonymous report of an incident, error or occurrence that the contributor feels might be of value to others. These reports are gathered, analyzed and data based by NASA experts and made available to all interested parties as a tool for creating proactive aviation safety programs. Additionally, NASA distributes an electronic publication, CALLBACK, which contains selected, de-identified, reports on a free subscription basis. In Flight USA is proud to reprint selected reports, exerpted from CALLBACK, for our readers to read, study, occasionally laugh at, and always learn from. Visit to learn how you can participate in the ASRS program.

This month, CALLBACK again offers the reader a chance to “interact” with the information given in a selection of ASRS reports. In “The First Half of the Story,” you will find report excerpts describing an event up to a point where a specific decision must be made, an immediate action must be taken, or a non-normal situation must be actively managed. You may then exercise your own judgment to make a decision, determine a possible course of action, or devise a plan that might best resolve the situation to a successful conclusion. The selected ASRS reports may not provide all the information you want, and you may not be experienced in the type of aircraft involved, but each incident should give you a chance to refine your aviation judgment and decision-making skills. In “The Rest of the Story…” you will find the actions that were taken by reporters in response to each situation. Bear in mind that their decisions may not necessarily represent the best course of action, and there may not be a “right” answer. Our intent is to stimulate thought, training, and discussion related to the type of incidents that were reported.

The First Half of the Story

Close and Closer Air Carrier Captain’s Report

During the takeoff roll into darkness, an aircraft taxied onto our runway from Taxiway Delta, just past midfield. I noticed it after making the 100-knot callout and about 200 yards away from us, and called it out to the flying pilot.

What Would You Have Done? Twin Throttle Technique Duchess Instructor’s Report

My student and I were practicing a simulated single engine approach… We crossed the IAF at 2,000 feet, and then I reduced the left throttle to start the simulation. My student started to practice the


emergency procedure: maintain directional control and altitude, full mixture, full props, full power (right throttle), flaps up, gear up, auxiliary pumps on, identify and verify “dead foot dead engine.” He identified the dead engine [as] the left one, so we [set] zero thrust and continued the maneuver. At this time, everything was all right. Then we crossed the FAF. My student tried to decrease the manifold pressure of the good engine (right one)… to descend.… Then I realized that the manifold pressure in the right [engine] did not decrease. I took the controls and I canceled the maneuver, putting back the left prop and throttle. When I tried to decrease both throttles, I saw that manifold pressure of the right engine did not decrease.

What Would You Have Done? Trust but Verify Air Carrier Captain’s Report

We were on a left downwind south of the field at 9,000 feet on a 090 degree heading for vectors for the ILS DME 1 Runway 28 [at Guadalajara, MMGL]. The First Officer was flying. Approach instructed us to turn left to a heading of 340 degrees and descend to 8,200 feet. As the approach was built, I extended off of the 12 DME fix at 8,200 [feet]. I had progress page 2 of 2 up, and we were about 3.5 miles from the course intercept. I am not sure, but I believe we were about 14 DME from the airport. Approach then said, “Turn left to a heading of 310 and descend and maintain 7,100 feet, on that heading join the localizer, cleared the ILS Runway 28.” This heading took us to just outside the eight DME fix by about one mile. I extended off of the eight DME [fix] at 7,100 [feet]. It was VFR, I could see the runway, and the First Officer said he had the terrain in sight to the north. We both had the Terrain Awareness and Warning System [TAWS] displays up. Because Approach gave such a precise vector and instruc-

tions, I assumed…terrain clearance would not be a factor. Both the First Officer and I had reviewed and discussed the high terrain in the MMGL area on the leg down. As we were being vectored from the south, it appeared the high terrain would be mostly to the north of our heading. The FO was in a slow descent toward 7,100 feet. Out of about approximately 7,200 feet, I heard “CAUTION, TERRAIN,” and then it went immediately to a hard warning of “PULL UP.”

What Would You Have Done? An Approach to Remember B737 Captain’s Report

On short final, inside the FAF, visual with the runway about 1,700-1,500 feet AGL, I commented, “We need gear down.” The First Officer called, “Gear down, flaps 15.” I got the gear down, armed the speed brakes, and [selected] flaps to 15. I last noticed speed decreasing around 181 [knots]. I was trying to get fully configured by 1,000 [feet] AGL. I called, “Flaps 30,” and moved the handle to 30...The First Officer saw above 175 knots…and called, “Flaps 25.” I reversed the flap handle to 25...I saw the airspeed below 175 knots, and the First Officer called, “Flaps 30.” I moved the flaps to 30 and pulled out the checklist. As I ran the checklist, I saw the flaps [indicating] 25. I cycled [the flap lever from] 25 to 30 again, but the flaps locked out. We got a “TOO LOW FLAPS” warning.

What Would You Have Done? The Rest of the Story... Close and Closer Air Carrier Captain’s Report The Reporter’s Action

A second later I took control, added Takeoff/Go-around [TO/GA] power, and rotated. I suspect we cleared the aircraft by about 150 feet vertically. More of the Story from the

Controller’s Report: n Aircraft X was departing Runway 4. I was working Clearance Delivery/Controller in Charge [CD/CIC] and monitoring Local Controller-1 [LC-1] as required. As the Aircraft X became airborne, he asked LC-1 “Tower, did you see that?” The LC1 asked if Aircraft Y, who was supposed to be turning at Taxiway Q, had entered the runway. At that point, I looked at Aircraft Y, and the aircraft was moving slowly forward as if they were crossing the runway. However, it was night, and depth perception can be difficult at night. Aircraft X responded to LC-1 by saying yes he did enter the runway, and they had to maneuver to the left to avoid Aircraft Y. The Ground Controller [GC] then told Aircraft Y that they were supposed to be turning on Taxiway Q, but they had missed the turn. Aircraft Y replied, asking if he should turn right on Taxiway N on the other side of Runway 4. GC then explained that there was an aircraft departing and Aircraft Y replied, “Ok, um, obviously we missed it.” The GC then continued taxiing Aircraft Y towards Runway 13R.

Twin Throttle Technique Duchess Instructor’s Report The Reporter’s Action

I was talking with Tower at this time… They asked me if I wanted to take Runway 32 or circle for Runway 28. The conditions were VFR, so I canceled the approach and started to align the plane for landing on Runway 28… My right engine was [operating] with full power due to the throttle level [being] unable to control… I [flew] with the left…engine at idle…to maintain a safe and stable approach. On short final when I was sure about my landing and everything was safe with usable runway, I killed both mixtures at the same time and feathered [both] of the engines.… I landed and vacated the runway in the protected area and shut down the plane. Continued on Page 43


October 2018


By Bud Granley





just returned from attending the Reno International Air Races. It was truly an international gig with pilots and planes from Britain, Australia, Austria, Sweden, Switzerland, Japan, Canada, and USA. The races were celebrating their 55th year. I flew my first race in Reno on their 20th anniversary, 35 years ago in Miss America, a P-51 owned by Ron and Jeanette Smyth of Everett, Wash. It was great to see her flying again this year where she finished second in the Gold at 410.9 mph. My old T-6 ride, Lickety Split was back and looking good as the original Gotcha. I shared keeping the fun meter up near 10 with the team for around 10 years. The races appear to be surviving very well after the horrendous accident in 2011, with good attendance and safe flying. My airshow history began on June 6, 1961, as a Harvard demonstration pilot. I was an instructor, based in Penhold, Alberta. The RCAF had decided to designate demonstration pilots, who would then practice and perform planned maneuvers. No more, “Hey Joe, can you take an airplane to such and such place and give them an airshow.” This year marked 57 years of airshows for me, 60 or so if I counted the many low passes in

Bud and his son Ross by the noses. (Courtesy Bud Granley) Bud Granley with the T-6.

Ross Granley with the Yak-18.

FAA Renewal Legislation

Continued from Page 42 tency Board to reduce regulatory inconsistency at the agency; • Calls for the FAA to establish a Task Force on Flight Standards Reform to help drive needed improvements in the FAA Flight Standards Office. The Task Force includes manufacturers and will look at how the certification, operational evaluation and entry into service of newly man-

Safe Landings Continued from Page 43

Trust but Verify Air Carrier Captain’s Report The Reporter’s Action

The FO turned off the autopilot and began to initiate the Controlled Flight into Terrain (CFIT) recovery maneuver. As soon as he rotated, the warning stopped and he continued to climb to about 7,500


(Courtesy Bud Granley)

(Courtesy Bud Granley)

Bud with the Yak-55 (Courtesy Bud Granley) the F-86 while on squadron in Germany. My Yak-55 and T-6 kept me busy flying solo and dual formation shows with my son, Ross, in his Yak-18. I’m looking forward to the 2019 season. Make the difficult look easy, the easy look spectacular, and never attempt the impossible.

ufactured aircraft can be improved; • Asks the Government Accountability Office to conduct a review of the FAA’s Part 23 rulemaking implementation to ensure the agency is working with industry to maximize the rulemaking’s effectiveness; • Mandates the FAA Aircraft Registry Office in Oklahoma City remain open in the event of a government shut-

down or emergency furlough; and • Addresses the aviation workforce shortage by establishing a “Youth Access to American Jobs in Aviation Task Force” and a “Women in Aviation Advisory Board;” directs the Government Accountability Office to initiate a study on the current and future supply of aviation and aerospace workforce; and establishes a pilot grant program to train pilots

and maintenance and technical workers. “The major victory is that the FAA will now be able to plan for five years and we will not have the difficult uncertainty of continuing resolutions and extensions,” Pelton said. “We appreciate the leadership of lawmakers who saw the importance of this measure and worked against a difficult deadline to get it done in a bipartisan manner.”

feet – the Minimum Vectoring Altitude (MVA) for this sector. At this point, there was no terrain indicated on the TAWS, and then there were no warnings. The terrain alert was momentary, and we were clear of terrain. We continued the approach at 7,500 feet and landed without event. There were several underlying factors that contributed to this event: 1. Approach giving very precise instructions on vectors and altitudes for the approach clearance.

2. It was a very clear night, we could see the airport, and there appeared to be no terrain between us and the airport. 3. The First officer stating he had the terrain to the north in sight. I was aware and reviewed the MVAs for our sector. However, I allowed myself to become misled by assuming Approach had information on terrain clearance that I did not have, based on his instructions. This was a mistake. I should not have accepted a

clearance. I will never again accept an altitude below MVA while on a radar vector.

An Approach to Remember B737 Captain’s Report The Reporter’s Action

The FO suggested the Flap Inhibit Switch. I concurred… I knew we had a long runway and could safely land… We landed uneventfully and taxied in.

Have an event coming up? Submit it for publication in the In Flight USA Events Calendar online at



This ultra-contemporary California project, the creation of the award-winning architectural firm of M•Designs Architects and a Silicon Valley tech entrepreneur, is an example of architectural design and engineering at the forefront of smart, sustainable living in the 21st century. The home is owned by Malika Junaid, principal at M•Designs, and

Junaid Qurashi, a tech entrepreneur and engineer, and is situated in a very scenic location overlooking the San Francisco Bay and northern Silicon Valley in Los Altos Hills, Calif. The soaring ceilings of the Great Room of this 9,000-plus square foot new home is where every aspect of modern living can be experienced. And at the center of the Great Room is a circular glass-


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The circular dining table is situated just above the pool beneath it. (Courtesy Schweiss Doors)

floored dining area cantilevered over a 60-foot long indoor swimming pool. The floor of the indoor pool is made of miniature mosaic tile, inspired by Michelangelo’s “Hand of God and Adam” in the Sistine Chapel. The north-facing front façade of the Great Room has a Schweiss Doors hydraulic door measuring 23 feet tall by 36feet, 7 inches wide. The glass curtain walldoor allows the entire façade of the home to be opened like an aircraft hangar door. The moving wall is equipped with electric photo eye sensors and a door base safety edge. “The beauty of this is the sun never hits the door and the view overlooks the bay so you always have shade without the sun in your eyes,” Junaid says. “It’s just magical when the door opens up. We decided on a hydraulic door because we needed nearly a 90-degree opening for an unobstructed view and the wall to simply disappear. When the door is open, the majestic oak trees and breathtaking Bay Area views make the indoors an outdoor living experience.” Triple glass from Viracon was used on the door, adding approximately 10,000 pounds to the frame. It’s double pane where one side is laminated and the other side is tempered on the bottom in case the glass would ever break. The door was installed by ABS Builders of Maxwell, Calif., and MB Construction of Hayward, Calif. “When we decided to do this feature, we looked into different companies, but at the end settled on Schweiss Doors,” Junaid says. “Brent and the Schweiss team were extremely helpful throughout the process. It was a complex project; a great deal of credit goes to Schweiss engineers and Hohback Lewin Engineers of Palo Alto, Calif., to

The Great Room of this ultra-contemporary 9,991-square-foot Silicon Valley home has soaring ceilings and natural light flowing uninterrupted through a glass Schweiss Doors hydraulic system curtain wall measuring 23 feet tall by 36 feet. It can be opened fully to create a true indoor/outdoor experience. (Courtesy Schweiss Doors)

help us achieve our design vision.” Being in the Silicon Valley, this residence is the epitome of the next generation smart home automation and state-of-theart audio/visual experience. The residence takes sustainable living to the next level. Green elements include highly efficient aluminum floor heating, rainwater harvesting, gray water recycling, solar photovoltaic panels, dehumidification and a fresh-air circulation system for optimal health and comfort for the family. Interior circulation is achieved through the use of stainless steel staircases, glass bridges and a Jetsons-style clear vacuum elevator. After two years of construction, the home was featured in the Silicon Valley Modern Home Tour and is being submitted for various architectural awards. Schweiss Doors is the premier manufacturer of hydraulic and bifold liftstrap doors. Doors are custom made to any size for any type of new or existing building for architects and builders determined to do amazing things with their buildings, including the doors. Schweiss also offers a cable to liftstrap conversion package. For more information, visit



By Pete Shirk

he results for the 2018 Reno National Championship Air Races are briefly summarized below. An overview of the results showing all classes for all four days of racing is posted on the Reno Air Race Association (RARA) websites starting with and There is a lot of other info such as history, people stories, and diagrams of the race courses for the various classes as well as great photos and history. The Unlimited Class was quite scrambled this year in the sense that both of last year’s top contenders, Strega Race 7 and Voodoo Race 5 did not race and were not even present. Whether both are permanently retired or just taking a year off is not clear. Understandably, speeds were down this year. The interesting thing about the 2018 Unlimited class is the reappearance of

Race 41, currently flown under the name Lady B, was flown as Bardahl Miss, Race 49 in 1969 by E.D. Weiner. (Pete Shirk)

several veterans plus the debut of a very rare Bell P-63A Kingcobra (P-63A-1BE, Army Air Corp serial 42-68864) from the Palm Springs Air Museum. See If reciting serial numbers seems wonkish, consider this: Most warbirds’ FAA registrations get changed during their lifetimes, so keeping track of them by FAA registration N-number won’t work. It can only be done by knowing Army Air Corps (USAF) and Navy Bureau of Aeronautics Number (“BuAer Nos”), or manufacturer’s serial, which never change. Then there is the matter of “parts airplanes” as with the CAF Hellcat described below, which is a composite of F6F-3 and F6F-5 parts, but that is what makes the hobby interesting. Bell P-39s and P-63s were prominent in the 1946-1949 Cleveland Air Races, and again during the revival of air racing in the 1960s at the Reno National Championship starting in 1964. The Palm Springs P-63 has never raced before this year. Although not competitive, it was great to see this type in the air again. A “rare-bird” sighting if you like that sort of thing. To fully understand and enjoy the Unlimited class, here is one way of looking at it: There are two opposite ends of Warbird entrants. At one extreme are the highly modified, fully competitive racers like Strega and Voodoo. You know they are going to be fast, and the only question is whether they can run at those power settings for six laps. The other end of the spectrum are the stock Warbirds, some of which still have their armor. Palm Springs’ P-63 is a fine example. You know they’re not going to be fast, but it is so great to see them on the ramp and flying. The only question with them is will their authentic paint get scratched. Thank you, Palm Springs, for bringing this great example of a World War II stock fighter. I hope the paint didn’t get scratched. The notable returning veterans included Hawker Sea Fury Dreadnaught Race 8, P-51 Miss America Race 11, and P-51 Lady B, now flown as Race 41. Race 41 has an interesting history and was formerly flown by E.D. Weiner at Reno as Race 49, Bardahl Miss in 1969. Reader is encouraged to visit MustangsMustangs site for good info on P51s: This airplane has really been around and its interesting journey back to Reno makes good reading. Back in the 1960s, when it was a prominent


Race 41 at Pylon 2 in the Unlimited Class at the 2018 Reno National Championship Air Races at Stead Field. (Pete Shirk)

competitor, it sported a distinctive blackand-yellow-checker paint scheme. My flightline photo taken in Sept. of 1969 accompanies this article. If you see two aircraft with the same paint scheme, don’t think your eyes are going bad. Weiner had both at the race with identical paint schemes. E.D. was an interesting guy. E.D. Weiner’s two entries in 1969. Race 49 is now owned by Fred Telling, and now is Race 41. Dreadnaught is the well known and unique Hawker Sea Fury, which has had the original 18-cylinder Bristol Centaurus engine replaced by a huge 28cylinder Pratt & Whitney R-4360 engine. Dreadnaught took the Gold this year with an average speed of 417.735 mph.

An interesting side story emerged in Formula One. During the past several years, F1 has been developing into an international event and races were held in several countries such as Spain and Thailand. As a result, seven of the 21 entrants were foreign (Australia, Sweden, Spain, Guam, Thailand, New South Wales, and the UK). International competition in this class was to continue next in China in October, but as of Monday, Sept. 17 the event has been delayed. The fastest F1 qualifier was Steve Senegal (245.319 mph) in Race 11, Endeavor. Due to an electrical problem in Heat 2A on Friday, Endeavor’s radio was in-op and therefore was not allowed Continued on Page 49



Throughout the years, Julie Clark has entertained countless millions with her beautifully choreographed routine, touching her fans with her special blend of skill, artistry, music, humor, and patriotism with every performance! Julie has always and continues to directly interact with her fans after each performance. She answers questions, poses for pictures, and signs autographs until the last one leaves. It is remarkable that Julie is still flying the same, beautifully restored

Beechcraft T-34 Mentor… an unparalleled accomplishment. During her airshow career, Julie maintained a record 19-year association with Mopar, five years with Chevron Global Aviation, two years with Juice Plus+, and is currently entering her fourth year with the Tempest Aerogroup. It is important to note that 2019 also marks Julie’s 50th year flying. A retired Northwest Airlines Captain, Julie has now flown more than 34,000 accidentfree hours. This amazing accomplish-

October 2018

ment has been made possible because of Julie’s commitment to safety, high standards, and professionalism. In recognition of her achievements, Julie has received more than 40 individual awards from her peers, fans, government, and industry. Among them are the Crystal Eagle, the Art Scholl and Bill Barber showmanship awards, and she has been inducted in the Women in Aviation, Pioneer Hall of Fame, the ICAS Foundation Air Show Hall of Fame, and the Minnesota Aviation Hall of Fame.

Imagine A Crowd Of Over 15,000 Aviatiors And Aviation Enthusiasts And YOU.. JaJanuary nuary 224-27, 3-26,2018 2019 RESERVE YOUR EXHIBITOR SPACE TODAY.

For more information or to become a part of Julie Clark’s “Farewell Tour,” please contact Carol Hampton at (530) 677-0634 or visit her website at

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October 2018

Aircraft Spruce has announced the opening of it’s newest location is Wasilla, AK on Sept. 17, 2018. This exciting development gives the parts supplier a local presence in the active flying community of Alaska for the first time in company history. The company plans to inventory the branch with all of the latest and greatest items pilot’s, mechanics, or aircraft owners might need. “Aircraft Spruce & Specialty Company has been serving the Alaskan general aviation market since 1965 by shipping orders from our California and Georgia warehouses. We will still ship orders direct from those two warehouses on request, but we will also be able to ship from our new Wasilla facility. In addition to shipping anywhere in Alaska, we also look forward to serving walk-in customers at our Wasilla store,” said Jim Irwin,


Aircraft Spruce opened its newest location in Wasilla, Alaska. (Courtesy Aircraft Spruce)

President of Aircraft Spruce and Specialty. Alaskan customers are encouraged to stop into the store or call the branch to inquire about parts, pricing and ordering: Aircraft Spruce Alaska, 4851 E Blue Lupine Dr., Suite D Wasilla, AK 99654, Toll Free: 800-824-1930. For more information, visit Aircraft Spruce online at


The Aircraft Owners and Pilots Association (AOPA) has announced that members who are opted-in for drone content are now eligible for discounted fees and special recognition from PrecisionHawk’s on-demand drone pilot network, Thanks to an agreement announced in July at EAA AirVenture in Oshkosh, Wisconsin, the world’s largest airshow, members of the world’s largest organization of pilots, AOPA, will have several advantages when flying under Part 107 through, a division of North Carolina-based PrecisionHawk. is a drone network that provides information for those needing services of a drone and those providing commercial drone services. “The details of this exclusive, firstof-its-kind agreement are now in place,” said AOPA Senior Director of UAS Programs Kat Swain, who negotiated the pact with PrecisionHawk. “This is exactly the kind of benefit that our members have been asking for.” AOPA members, including thousands who have joined since AOPA first welcomed drone pilots to the fold in 2017, are eligible for a discounted commission (7 percent, compared to the 10 percent charged to non-AOPA pilots who fly Part 107 jobs through the network), along with preferred access to enterprise jobs offered directly to selected, qualified


pilots, such as long-term or large-scale infrastructure inspection jobs not posted on the job board. Any AOPA member who opts in for drone-related content and offers through their membership preferences on the AOPA website and also participates in the network will be given a badge that identifies them as an AOPA drone pilot. There’s also an incentive for members who don’t already belong to AOPA to join: a $25 (one-time) discount on AOPA Drone Pilot Plus membership. AOPA members who already belong to the network are eligible for a one-time $20 discount on an AOPA membership renewal at the Drone Pilot Plus level, which includes legal services protection for their Part 107 remote pilot certificate, expert attorneys who consult members facing FAA enforcement or civil penalties resulting from unmanned flight activities. (Details on AOPA drone membership options and benefits are available on their website at AOPA members also enjoy a choice of monthly publications, various discounts on UAS training and gear, free education and safety content, access to AOPA’s Pilot Information Center, and more. Ready AOPA’s story. To learn more about AOPA, visit

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October 2018

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AVIATION RESOURCES Fly into the future with Wings Over Kansas. Voted one of the 500 Best McGraw-Hill Aviation Web Sites. Visit 17100:9

AVIATION CONSULTANTS Aircraft Sales & Corporate Aircraft Management NAAA-certified appraisals, FDIC & RTC approved. Sterling Air, Carson City, NV, (800) 770-5908, (775) 885-6800, www. 11601:TFN

AIRCRAFT FINANCING Get Top Retail for Your Aircraft Aircraft sales, jet sales, management, financing. USA Aircraft Brokers, (877) 417-3069. 51218:TFN


FLYING CLUBS West Valley Flying Club, San Francisco Bay Area. Palo Alto (650) 856-2030, San Carlos (650) 595-5912,

AVIATION TRAVEL The original "Self-Fly Safari." Selfpiloted bush flying in Southern Africa. Hanks Aero Adventures, (518) 234-2841, 7/15 Golden Age Air Tours of beautiful San Francisco Bay and Napa/Sonoma Wine Country., (707) 935-3690. 12/17

ART/VIDEOS/PHOTOGRAPHY Denise Donegan Photography or (650) 665-0721. 5/18 Specializing in aviation photography. 1/15

Last Man Club DVD, an all-American adventure featuring WWII Gulf Coast CAF B-17 Warbird. or 11/17

One-piece doors. Hydraulic or bifold., (800) 746-8273.1/15 Aviation Building Systems, custom designed hangars for 44 years. R&M Steel Co., Caldwell, ID, (208) 454-1800, (866) 454-1800, www.

HOMES/AIRPARKS The Valley Airport, Cotter, Ark. Homes & lots for sale in scenic airport community on the White River. Unique location for outdoor adventures. Contact Glennis Sharp, (870) 430-5088, 18100:12 Spruce Creek Residential Airpark. Many activities, including fly-ins and community events. Spruce Creek Fly-In Realty, Daytona Beach, FL, (386) 788-4991, (800) 932-4437, 8/18

Aviation heaven on earth. Heaven's Landing, in Blue Ridge Mountains of No. Georgia, (800) HEAVEN2. 10/18

AIRCRAFT INSURANCE Specializing in personal, business and charter aircraft. Best price, coverage & customer service. Zanette Aircraft Insurance Center, (650) 593-3030, (888) 723-3358. 10/06 Aircraft Insurance WARNING! Need insurance? Call us first for access to the entire market. Best rates. Broadest coverage. All markets. Aviation Insurance Resources, (877) 247-7767, 1716:TFN

BUSINESS OPPORTUNITIES #1 Largest Network of Aircraft Brokers in the United States Become an Aircraft Broker — Available in Your Area Start today with USA’s proved system for listing and selling everything from high-performance single-engine airplanes, cabin class through jets, and helicopters & jet fractional shares. Includes multi-million-dollar inventory from which to start selling. Complete turn-key proved system. No experience necessary. Will train. Licensed USA Aircraft brokerage.

Call today (504) 723-5566. Visit Business Opportunity Section at 4208:TFN

Unique Merv Corning Lithograph "Ancient Warrior," Atmospheric and nostalgic. Signed and numbered, $400/ OBO. rosemarypreissler@sbcglobal. 181000:11

PUBLICATIONS Avionics Checklists & Quick Reference gudes. Available in book, card & new iPad editions. or from your favorite supply shop. 8/14 The World Beneath Their Wings, A New Millennium of Female Aviators" by Julie Jervis. Dealer inquiries invited. Call (650) 358-9908. 51108:TFN

Things My Flight Instructor Never Told Me & other lessons for aviators of all levels. (561) 752-3261, www.tmfintm. com. 11/07

HELP WANTED Gavilan College, San Martin, CA, hiring certified part-time instructor. Contact Dean Sherrean Carr, (408) 848-4757 or 10/18

IN FLIGHT USA, the leading source of general aviation news, seeks writers and photographers to cover all aspects of aviation. Send an SASE for writer’s guidelines to: In Flight USA, P.O. Box 5402, San Mateo, CA 94402. TFN

MUSEUMS Yanks Air Museum Chino, CA Military Aviation Museum Virginia Beach, VA, (757) 721-7767

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Reno National Championship Air Races

Continued from Page 45 to race. An operating radio is a requirement following a 2016 accident when Endeavor struck a stalled aircraft on the runway during the start. As a result of “no radio,” Steve lost his pole position but was put in the Sliver race. High winds caused cancellation of the Silver on Saturday, but the race was run early Sunday morning at 8. Steve was so much faster that he passed everyone once and two of the field twice. The Silver win put him up to being alternate in the Gold Race, which was one hour after the Silver. This is an incredibly small amount of time to turn around an airplane from racing flat-out hard to doing it again an hour later, but Race 11’s crew did it. In the F1 Gold race, one airplane did not start so Race 11 became an alternate. After being held for five seconds, Steve was released after everyone else took off, dead last. Again, things were running smoothly, Steve flew well, and he ended up finishing second to Justin Meaders of Fort Worth, Texas who turned 239.521 mph. Quite a comeback. “It’s all about the recovery,” said Steve’s Crew Chief, Cash Copeland. Cash figures that in another lap, Race 11 could have overtaken the winner. The Jet class had some unwanted excitement. In Heat 2B on Friday Race 37 (an L-39) flown by Alexandre Eckmann of Rio De Janeiro, Brazil had a mid-air with Race 13, another L-39 flown by Nathan Harnagel from Friendswood, Texas. The incident happened on the back of the course approximately in the vicinity of pylon 4. At a distance it appeared that Race 13 was overtaking and struck Race 37. It was potentially catastrophic, a Mayday was called but as both aircraft assessed damage and condition, normal landings appeared possible and were executed. Neither pilot was injured, but it was a close call. Fairly extensive damage to the vertical stabilizer, right aileron, and left horizontal stabilizer of Race 37 was evident, and it settled noticeably on final approach, raising dust in the overrun of runway 8, but the jet rolled out safely. It appears that the damage and loss-of-wing area almost caused it to land short. The other jet also landed safely. One of the great parts about Reno is the added attractions. One of my favorites, the CAF So Cal Wing (Commemorative Air Force), performed a spirited aerial demonstration of World War II aircraft Thursday through Sunday. It included the Wing’s North American Aviation PBJ-1 (the very rare U.S. Navy version of the B-25), Grumman F8F-2 Bearcat, Grumman F6F Hellcat, and a Mitsubishi A6M-3 Zero. The performance featured a mock dogfight and aero-

Biplanes close in on Pylon 2. (Pete Shirk)

Three T-6s approach Pylon 2. (Pete Shirk)

batics. This is worth seeing. The Hellcat in particular has an interesting story. According to the CAFSo Cal website, “It is a parts airplane, consisting mainly of an F6F-3 fuselage mixed with a considerable number of F6F-5 parts and modifications. It even has the brakes off its arch rival the F4U Corsair.” The reader is encouraged to visit the site for more information on their aircraft: Right: A biplane rounding Pylon2. (Pete Shirk)

Two T-6s at Pylon 2.

(Pete Shirk)

The P-63 and a Mustang P-51.

(Pete Shirk)


In Flight USA Celebrating 35 Years

October 2018

AD INDEX AIA ......................................6

Aircraft Specialties Service 19 Aircraft Spruce ..................15

AirplanesUSA ....................6

Airport Shoppe ..................20

Airtronics ..........................31


American Aircraft Sales ....47

AOPA ..................................7

Arizona Type Ratings........33

Art Nalls Aviation..............25

Attitude Aviation ..............51 Aviation Ins. Resources ....22


Bud Granley Airshows ......14

CFI Academy ....................24

Columbia State Park............2

Constant Aviation ..............52

Corona AirVentures ..........44

Cruiser Aircraft..................14

Divorce for Men................26

Dr. Susan Biegel................12

Flatbike ............................39

Gavilan College ................37


Heavenâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Landing..............24

HME Watches....................21

J.T. Evans ............................4

Kitfox ................................11

Schweiss Doors ................26

Sebring Expo ....................46

Senior Care Authority ......34

Signature Aviation ............16

Last Man Club ..................50

Sterling Air ........................13

Pacific Coast Avionics ......10

TJ Aircraft Sales................23

Mountain High Oxygen ......3

Pacific Oil Cooler................9

Planes of Fame ............20, 39

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Ranching USA ....................7

Threshold Aviation ............35 USA Brokers ......................9

Vans Aircraft......................34

Victory Girl ......................26

Zanette Insurance ................5

San Carlos Flight Center ..32

An Award Winning Family Film Written and directed by Bo Brinkman Produced by Linda Pandolph Starring: James MacKrell, Kate French, Barry Corbin, Morgan Sheppard and Richard Riehle

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SUPER DECATHLON 8KCAB (N78GC, 2001,180HP) ....................................................$175 CESSNA 182S SKYLANE (N374TC, 230HP, Garmin 750, Aspen, Coupled 2 Axis Autopilot) ..$200 CESSNA 182S SKYLANE (N9506W , Garmin 430, Coupled 2 Axis Autopilot) ......................$200 CESSNA T182T (N35206, 2001, O2, Garmin 750, Coupled 2 Axis Autopilot) ....$220 PIPER SARATOGA PA – 32R – 301T (N8403D, Garmin 750, All Glass Panel, 2 Axis Autopilot, O2) ..$250 PITTS S-2C (N15TA) ........................................................$285 PIPER SENECA PA-34-200 (N5051T, Garmin 650, Multiengine Trainer!) ....................$300 PIPER TURBO AZTEC PA-23T-250 (N200DF, GPS, 2AX AP, 6 Place, O2) ..............................$380 EXTRA 300 (N98TJ) ........................................................$385 CESSNA 414A (N410NF, 1978, Garmin 750, Fully Coupled Autopilot, AC ) ............$660 CESSNA 421C (N207FM, 1977, Gamin 750, Fully Coupled Autopilot, AC ) ............$760

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In Flight October 2018  

The monthly general aviation news magazine with a recap of the Reno Air Races.

In Flight October 2018  

The monthly general aviation news magazine with a recap of the Reno Air Races.