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INDIA DIGEST Volume 32 - December 2015


English - Khmer


October 2015 Extula 2015

01 From the Ambassador’s desk cMNab;GarmμN_rbs;ÉkGKÁrdæTUt\NÐa 03 Incredible India Competition karRbkYtRbECg \NÐad¾Gs©arü 05 Journey of Tiranga

dMeNIrrbs; Tiranga

11 Vijayapur: A gem of art Vijayapur:


13 Bringing up the Indian palate karelIkeLIgBI»CarsGahar\NÐa 23 Luxury on The waters


33 Journalist who attended IHGF in October 2015 GñksarBt’manEdl)ancUlrYm IHGF kñúgExtula qñaM2015 35 India visit

TsSnaRbeTs\NÐa 37 Sikkim India’s First State to Go All Organic



41 Former Indian President Mr. APJ Abdul Kalam

GtItRbFanaFibtIRbeTs\NÐa elak APJ Abdul Kalam 45 Jaipur

TIRkúg Jaipur 49 Ajmer/Pushkar

53 News in pictures B½t’mankñúgrUbPaB 57 Mahabharata erOgmhaPart³

Embassy of India

Address: Villa No.5, St. 466, Phnom Penh, Cambodia Editor in chief: Mr. N.Sitlhou, First Secretary Creative & Editorial assistance: Mrs. N. Malhotra Editorial assistance in Khmer: Ms. Kunthea Editorial assistance in Khmer: Magic Group

Cover Picture

Tel: (+855-23) 210 912 Fax: (+855-23) 213 640 Email: Website:

H.E.. Mr Naveen Sreevastav, Ambassador,Embassy of India, Phnom Penh Cambodia. http://

From the Ambassador’s desk: Dear Readers and Friends of India, This is my first message since I assumed the office of Ambassador of India to this wonderful country which is a close friend of India. I would like to first of all thank all of you for supporting us through the last several years. You have contributed to the success and popularity of this magazine. India and Cambodia have enjoyed shared cultural values over the

Naveen Srivastava Ambassador of India to the Kingdom of Cambodia

past thousands of years. Testimony of this culture and friendship has been etched in the walls of the magnificent temples of Cambodia and is visible also in the daily life of the people of Cambodia. Dance, music, painting and even films portray this strong cultural link between our two countries. I have been here only a few months but I am deeply touched by the warmth and genuine friendship of the Cambodian people. This issue of India Digest brings to you many cultural events that the Indian Embassy in Cambodia has organized in its efforts to showcase a glimpse of the vast cultural heritage of India to the discerning Cambodian audience. In our continuing endeavor to further these links especially to the younger generation, we have started an “Incredible India Competition”, where everyone can participate and get a chance to win a return air ticket to visit India. The details are available in this issue of India Digest or on our Facebook page. As the new year is starting, we have planned a number of activities to promote and strengthen our cultural, people to people, economic and commercial ties. We will be putting out information of these events through our social media outreach Facebook (IndiaIn Cambodia), Twitter (@indembcam) and webpage ( and I would request you all to please follow these. I am excited to be in this Kingdom of Wonder, and look forward to working with all of you to bring our two nations and peoples closer and to ensure that our age old ties are further strengthened.


From the Ambassador’s desk

cMNab;GarmμN_rbs;ÉkGKÁrdæTUt\NÐa sUmeKarBGñkGan nigmitþRbeTs\NÐaCaTIemRtI enHKWCasaTImYy rbs;´cab;taMgBIeBl´mkkan;kariyal½ysßanTUt\NÐaRbcaMRbeTsd¾Rss; s¥at EdlCamitþd¾Citsñitrbs;RbeTs\NÐaenH. Cabzm ´sUmEføgGMNrKuNGñkTaMgGs;Kña cMeBaHkarKaMRTeyIg´na eBlb:unµanqñaMcugeRkayenH. GñkTaMgGs;Kña)ancUlrYmeFVIeGay TsSnavdþIenHeCaKC½y nigeBjniym.

Naveen Srivastava

GKÁraCTUt\NÐaRbcaM RBHraCaNacRkkm<úCa

RbeTs\NÐanigkm<úCa rIkraynwgtémøvb,Fm’EdleyIg)anEckrMElkKñarab;Ban;qñaMmkehIy. skçIPaB énvb,Fm’ nigmitþPaBRtÚv)anqøak;enAelICBa¢aMgén)aRsaTd¾rugerOgénRbeTskm<úCa ehIyeKGacemIleXIjkñúg CIvitRbcaMéf¶rbs;RbCaCnkm<úCa. karraMErk t®nþI KMnUr b¤sUm,IEt erOgPaBynþk¾)anbgðajBITMnak;TMngvb,Fm’ rvagRbeTsTaMgBIrd¾eRcInenHEdr. ´)anmkdl; TIenHEtBIrbIExeT b:uenþGarmµN_´)anditCab;nUvPaBkk;ekþA nig mitþPaBBitrbs;RbCaCn km<úCa. GtßbTenAkñúgTsSnavtþI India Digest naMmkCUnelakGñknUvRBwtþikarN_vb,Fm’CaeRcInEdl sßanTUt\NÐaRbcaMRbeTskm<úCa)anerobcMedIm,ICabTbgðajeGayeXIjBIekr’þdMENlmrtk vb,Fm’rbs;RbeTs\NÐaEdlBak; B½n§mkkan;ePJóvkm<úCa. enAkñúgkarxitxMRbwgERbgedIm,Ibnþ eTAmuxnUvTMnak;TMngenH CaBiessCamYyekµgCMnan;eRkay eyIg)ancab;epþImkarRbkYtRbECg eQµaHfa {RbeTs\NÐad¾Gs©arü} Edlmñak;²GaccUlrYmehIyman«kasQñH sMbuRtynþehaH eTAmkeTATsSnaRbeTs\NÐa. Bt’manlm¥itmanEcgenAkñúgTsSnavtþI India Digest elx enH b¤tamry³eKhTMB½r facebook rbs;eyIg. edayehtufaqñaMfµIkMBugnwgcab;epþIm eyIgmanKeRmagskmµPaBmYycMnYnedIm,IelIkkemáIg nig BRgwgvb,Fm’TaMg BIrRbeTs BlrdæTaMgBIrCnCati esdækic© nigTMnak;TMngBaNiC¢kmµ. eyIgnwg bgðajBt’manbEnßmBIRBwtþikarN_ TaMgGs;enHtamry³eKhTMB½rsgÁmmYycMnYndUcCatamry³ ehVsb‘uk (IndiaInCambodia) b¤ Twitter (@indembcam) nigtamry³eKhTMB½r ( dUecñH´sUmesñIrGñkTaMgGs;Kña tamdanTMB½r TaMgGs;enHpg. ´BitCamanGarmµN_rMePIbNas;Edl)anrs;enAkñúgRBHraCaNacRkGcäriy³enH ehIy´rMBwg fanwg)aneFVIkar CamYyelakGñkedIm,IeFVIRbeTseyIgTaMgBIr nigRbCaCneyIgTaMgBIrCitsñit Cagmun nigFanafaTMnak;TMngd¾cas;rbs; eyIgnwgRtÚv)anBRgwgeTAmux.

From the Ambassador’s desk


INCREDIBLE INDIA COMPETITION Embassy of India is launching a new competition for our Cambodian friends who have been to India as well as those who have not been to India as yet. For those who have been to India, we would like to have photographs of your visit to India. The photographs could be in the following categories: (i) Places (ii) People (iii) General These photographs could reflect your experience of ‘Incredible India’. The Embassy will shortlist the best of these photographs and plans to host an exhibition of these photographs in Phnom Penh. Also the person who has best photograph will get a return ticket to India. Those who have not been to India, we would like you to submit a small article about your expectations of a visit to India. Article should be at least 200 words and not more than 250 words. The Embassy will make a selection of best of these articles and include some of them in our quarterly “India Digest” magazine. We will also select the author of the best article for a prize of return air ticket to India. So, hurry up, submit your photographs and your article to us via email: or our facebook



karRbkYtRbECg \NÐad¾Gs©arü sßanTUtRbeTs\NÐakMBugEtcab;epþImnUvkarRbkYtRbECgfµIsRmab;mitþkm<úCarbs;eyIgEdlFøab;)aneTARbeTs\NÐa nigGñk minTan;)aneTARbeTs\NÐaenAeLIy. sRmab;GñkEdlFøab;eTARbeTs\NÐa eyIgcg;)anrUbftrbs;GñkkMLúgeBlGñkkMBugTsSnaRbeTs\NÐa. rUbPaBenaHGac CarUbkñúgRbePTxageRkam³ k/ TIkEnøg x/ mnusS K/ TUeTA rUbftTaMgenHGacbgðajBIbTBiesaFn_rbs;GñkBI \NÐad¾Gs©arü. sßanTUtnwgeRCIserIsrUbftl¥CageKmYycMnUn nigman KeRmagbgðajkñúgBiBN_rUbftTaMgenHenAkñúgraCFanIPñMeBj. ehIycMeBaHGñkEdlmanrUbftl¥CageK nwgQñHsMbuRt ynþehaHeTAmkeTAkan;RbeTs\NÐa. cMeBaHGñkEdlminFøab;eTARbeTs\NÐa eyIg´sUmeGayGñksresrGtßbTtUcmYy GMBIkarrMBwgTukrbs;GñkcMeBaHkarTsSnaRbeTs\NÐa. GtßbTenaHKYrEtmancMnYnBaküy:agtic200Bakü nigmineGay elIs 250Bakü. sßanTUtnwgeRCIserIsGtßbTEdll¥CageK nigbBa©ÚlGtßbTmYycMnYneTAkñúgTsSnavdþI kRmgGtßbTRbeTs\NÐa RbcaM RtImas. eyIgnwgeRCIserIsykGñkniBn§GtßbTl¥CageKehIypþl;rgVan;sMbuRtynþehaHeTAmkeTAkan;RbeTs\NÐa. dUecñH sUmRbjuab;eLIg bBa¢ÚnrUbftnigGtßbTrbs;Gñkmkkan;GuIEm:l b¤mkkan;TMB½r ehVsb‘uk



Journey of Tiranga A national flag is not only a country’s identity, but also a symbol of its faith and ideals. The Indian National Flag too bears testimony to the fact

Long time ago when land was not divided by

Eminent freedom fighters such as Sister Nivedi-

national boundaries, people and clans used

ta (a disciple of Swami Vivekanada), Madame

flags to identify themselves as a unit or a cult

Bhikaiji Cama, Annie Besant and Pingali Ven-

they belonged to. That piece of cloth hung on

kayya contributed to these flags to proclaim

a structure or carried by leaders represented


the ideals of the land and its people. As nations developed, the flag became more than a mere

The Indian tricolour or Tiranga eventually came

identification; it symbolised all that people val-

into being on July 22, 1947, when an ad hoc com-

ued and fought for. The ideals, goals, philoso-

mittee of the Constituent Assembly adopted it

phy, hopes, achievements, aspiration and pride

as the national flag of independent India. Tiran-

of the people gave the flag colours, symbols

ga was subsequently retained as the national

and design that encapsulated all the patriotic

flag on India’s first Republic Day in 1950. The then

emotions. The story of Indian national flag is no

Indian Prime Minister, Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru,


introduced the flag with a memorable speech, Tryst with Destiny, in the 44 INDIA PERSPECTIVES

Post 1857, the Indian independence movement

+JULY-AUGUST 2013 Constituent Assembly and

gained momentum nationally and freedom

moved the resolution to adopt the new flag for

fighters preferred to form organisations and

Free India.

come under a common flag, and so emerged the ideas that represented India. The elements

Describing the design and dimension of the flag,

used on previous Indian flags included lotus,

Nehru said, “The national flag of India shall be

charkha (spinning wheel), stars and crescent.

the horizontal tricolour of deep saffron (kesan),


Journey of Tiranga

Journey of Tiranga


Pandit Nehru while presenting Tiranga to the Constituent Assembly on July 22, 1947

is for growth and of our relation with earth. The blue signifies the boundless sky above us and the fathomless sea below. The blue also implies inner energy. After the official declaration of independence Pingali Venkayya with the flag

by the Constituent Assembly on the eve of August 14-15, 1947, a group of 72 women led by

white and dark green in equal proportions. In the

Hansa Mehta presented the tiranga to Dr. Ra-

centre of the white band, there shall be a wheel,

jendra Prasad on behalf of the women of India,

the Ashoka Chakra in navy blue to represent the

symbolising the birth of the Indian National I Flag.

charkha. There are four colours: saffron, white

It was this flag that was hoisted on the Council

and green as principal colours, and navy blue

House on August 15, 1947 at 8.30 am. Now in its

of the Ashoka Chakra as the secondary colour.â&#x20AC;?

66th year, Tiranga is still going strong, not just at home, but globally.

In terms of values, saffron stands for courage, sacrifice, valour and the spirit of renunciation. The white in Tiranga stands for purity and sunâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s rays, and so denotes the path of light. The green


Journey of Tiranga

Tiranga at Kargil War Memorial in Drass, J&K


• The national flag was hoisted for the first time on ramparts of the Red Fort on August 16, 1947 at 8.30 am, and not on August 15, 1947. It was from 1948 onwards that the flag hoisting ceremony took place at the Red Fort.

honour of being first hoisted on Mt. Everest along with the Union Jack and the Nepalese national flag by Sherpa Tenzing and Edmund Hillary, when they became the first men to climb the peak. So far, the Tiranga has gone up to Mt. Everest 38 times.

• The Parliament House , New Delhi, is the only building in India where three flags are flown at a time, representing the three distinguished office bearers: Speaker of Lok Sabha, Deputy Speaker of Lok Sabha and the Chairman of Rajya Sabha. Before 1958, when the Supreme Court was housed in the Parliament House, four flags used to fly over the circular building.

• In 1971, the Indian tricolour, for the first time, travelled in space on board Apollo-15. Cosmonaut Wing Commander Rakesh Sharma later wore it as a medallion on his space suit during the Indo-Soviet joint space flight in April 1984.

• On May 29, 1953, the Indian tricolour had the rare

• The flag was hoisted on the South Pole on January 17, 1989 by Colonel J.K. Bajaj, and on the North Pole on April 21, 1996 by Squadron Leader Sanjay Thapar.

Journey of Tiranga




Tg;CatiminEmnRKan;EtCarbs;smÁal;RbeTsmYyenaHeT vaCarUbsBaØaénCMenO nig]tþmKti. Tg;Catirbs;RbeTs\NÐak¾manskçIPaBeTAnwgerOgBitpgEdr.

CayUrNas;mkehIy RKaEdlEdndIenAminTan;maneKEck CaRBMEdnRbeTs mnusS nigbkSsm<½n§)aneRbIR)as; Tg;Cati edIm,IsmÁal;BYkeKCaRkúm b¤sasnaEdlBYkeKeCO. eday RbeTs)anGPivDÆ Tg;CatikøayCarbs;mYy elIsBIrUb sBaØa vaCanimitþrUbEdlmnusSRKb;KñaeGaytémø nigxMRbwg ts‘U. ]tþmKti eKaledA TsSn³ kþIsgÇwm sñaéd esckþIR)afña nigemaTnPaBrbs;mnusS )anpþl;CaBN’ eTAkan;Tg;Cati rUbsBaØa nigkarrcnaEdlbgðaj BIGarmµN_ GñkesñhaCati. erOgr:avrbs;Tg;CatiRbeTs\NÐavamin xusKñaenaHeT. eRkayqñaM 1857 clnaÉkraCü\NÐa)anTTYlkarelIkTwkcitþ kñúgépÞRbeTs ehIyGñkcm,aMgedIm,IesrIPaBcUlcitþ begáIt GgÁkarCaeRcIn ehIybegáIt)anCaTg;CatirYmmYy ehIyvivdæ KMnitenaHeGaykøayCaTg;CatitMNagRbeTs\NÐa. cMNuc sMxan;EdleKeRbIenAkñúgTg;CatiRbeTs\NÐamun² rYmman páaQUk Charkha (kgvil) páay nigGDÆc½nÞ. Gñkcm,aMg esrIPaBd¾l,Il,ajmandUcCabgb¥ÚnRsI Nivedita (sav½k rbs; Swami Vivekanada) elakRsI Bhikaiji Cama, Annie Besant nig Pingali Venkayya )ancUlrYmcMENk mkkan;Tg;CatienHedIm,I RbkasBIesrIPaB.

eRkaymknaykrdæm®nþI elak Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru )anENrnaMBITg;CatikñúgkarbriyaymYyBIkarNat; CYbCamYynwgeRBgvasna (Tryst with Destiny) enAkñúg TsSn³\NÐaTaMg44 (44 India Perspectives) rYmCamYy nwgsPaFmµnuBaØ Ex kkáda-sIha qñaM2013 ehIyk¾)an QaneTAdl;karseRmcykTg;CatifµIsRmab;\NÐaesrI. karBiBN’naBIkarrcna nigTMhMrbs;Tg;Cati elak Nehru )anniyayfa {Tg;Catirbs;RbeTs\NÐaRtÚvEtmanbIBN’ ExSrbnÞat;edkénBN’elµót BN’s nigBN’exovcas; EdlmanTMhMb:unKña. enAcMkNþalExSbnÞat;s RtÚvmankg; mYyEdlCa Ashoka Chakra EdlmanBN’exovcas; sRmab;tMNageGay Charkha}. vamanBN’bYn KW BN’elµót BN’s nigBN’ébtgCaBN’cMbg nigBN’exov cas;rbs; Shok Chakra CaBN’ bnÞab;bnSM.

cMeBaHtémø BN’elµóttMNageGayesckþIekøóvkøaBlIkmµ esckþIkøahan nigviBaØaNkñúgkarlHbg;. BN’senAkñúg Tiranga tMNageGayPaBbrisuT§ nigkmµrsµIRBHGaTitü nigedIm,IbgðajKnøgrbs;BnøW. BN’ébtgKWsRmab;karrIk ceRmIn nigsRmab;TMnak;TMngrbs;eyIgCamYyEpndI. BN’ exovbgðajBIemXEdlKµanRBMEdnenABIelIeyIg nig smuRT Tg;CatibIBN’rbs;RbeTs\NÐa b¤ Tiranga cab;manvtþman Edlvas;CeRmAmin)anenABIeRkameyIg. BN’exovk¾bgðaj enAéf¶TI22 Exkkáda qñaM1947 enAeBlEdlKN³kmµkar BIfamBlxagkñúgeyIg. BiessénsPaFmµnuBaØykvamkeRbIR)as;CaTg;Catién RbeTsÉkraCü\NÐa. eRkaymkeTot Tiranga RtÚv)an bnÞab;BIkarRbkasCapøÚvkarBIÉkraCüPaBedaysPaFmµnuBaØ rkSaCaTg;CatiCatienAéf¶saFarNrdæTImYykñúgqñaM1950. enAl¶acéf¶TI 14-15 ExsIha qñaM1947 Rkúm®sþI 9

Journey of Tiranga

72 nak; tMNageGay®sþIRbeTs\NÐa EdldwknaMeday ExsIha qñaM1947 naem:ag 8 knøHRBwk. bc©úb,nñenH Hansa Mehta )anCUnGMeNay liranga mkkan; enAkñúgqñaMTI66 Tiranga enAEtrwgmaM minRtwmEtenA\NÐa Dr. Rajendra Prasad enAkñúgGKarRkúmRbwkSa enAéf¶TI15 enaHeT KWenAsaklelak.


Tg;CatiRtÚv)anbgðÚtelIkdMbUgenAelIkMEpgbnÞay Everest edayelak Sherpa Tenzing nig Edmund RkhmkalBIéf¶16 ExsIha qñaM1947 evlaem:ag 8:30 Hillary CamYynwgTg;CaticRkPBGg;eKøs nigen)a:l; enA naTIRBwk minEmnéf¶TI15 ExsIha qñaM1945 enaHeT. eBlEdlBY k eKkø a yCamnu s SdM b U g Edl)aneLIgdl; cab;taMgBI qñaM1948 rhUtmk KWmanBiFIbgðÚtTg;CatienA kMBUlPñM. knøgmk elak Tiranga )aneLIgPñM Everest bnÞayRkhm. cMnYn38elIk.

sPaTIRkúgjÚvedlI KWCaTItaMgEtmYyKt;enARbeTs • enAqña1M 971 Tg;Cati\NÐa)aneFVdI eM NIrelIlhM Gakas \NÐaEdlTg;CatibIRtÚv)anbegðaHeLIgkñúgeBlEtmYy elIkdMbUgeday yanþGab:ULÚ15. eRkaymkelak EdlCatMNag[RbFankariyal½ykitþiysTaMgbIkñúgenaH Rakesh Sharma embBa¢akarGavkas )anBak;Caemday rYmman RbFansPaCan;Tab GnuRbFansPaCan; nigRbFan elIQutGavkasrbs;elakkñúgkMLúgeBlehaHehIrelI Can;x<s;. munqñaM1958 enAeBlEdltulakarkMBUlsßit GakasrYmKñaeday \NÐÚsUevot kalBIExemsaqñaM1984. kñúgsPa manTg;CatibYnRtÚv)anbegðaHeLIgenAelIGKar ragmUlenH. • Tg; C ati R tÚ v )anbegð a HenAb: U l xagt,Ü g kalBI é f¶ 1 7 mkra qñaM1989 edayelakvresnIyÉk J.K. Bajaj ehIy • enAéf¶TI29 Ex]sPa qñaM1953 Tg;Cati\NÐaman enAb:UlxageCIgenAéf¶ 21 Exemsa qñaM1996 edayelak kitþiysd¾kRmmYyEdlRtÚv)anbgðÚtdMbUgeKbg¥s;enAPñM Sanjay Thapar EdlCaT½BGakas . •

Journey of Tiranga


Vijayapur: A gem of art Established in the 1oth century AD by the Kalyani Chalukyas, the city of Vijayapur (formerly Bijapur) is known for its artistic monuments and intricate architecture

You can term it as a fascinating open-air museum that dates back to the Islamic era of the Deccan region. The rustic Vijayapur (formerly Bijapur) tells a glorious tale dating back to around 600 years. The Kalyani Chalukyas established Bijapur in the lOth century AD. The city changed hands and became a part of the Khilji Sultanate during the second half of the 13th century. In 1347, the Bahmanis of Gulbarga took over the sultanate from the Khiljis only to be split into five states, known as the Deccan Sultanates, with Adil Shah taking control over Bijapur. Blessed with a treasure of mosques, mausoleums, palaces and fortifications, the city got its major monuments during the reign of Adil Shah... There are plans to get these monuments the status of UNSECO World Heritage Sites.


Vijayapur: A gem of art



begáIteLIgkñúgstvtSTI10 AD eday Kalyani Chalukyas EdlCaTIRkugén Vijayapur (BImuneKehAfa Bijapur) EdleKeRcInsÁal;vatamry³vimand¾viciRt nigsßabtükmµk¾sµúRKsµajrbs;va.

GñkGacehAvafaCasarmnÞrI enAxageRkAEdlmanmnþesñh_EdlmanGayukalyUrlg;taMgBIsm½yGusI aø menAkñgú tMbn;Decan. Vijayapur EdleKsÁal;BImunmktamry³eQµaH Bijapur manRbvtþierOgniTanyUrNas;mkehIy RbmaN600qñaM. Kalyani Chalukyas )anbegáIt Bijapur kñúgTsSvtSTI10 AD. TIRkugenH)anpøas;bþÚr ehIy)an køayCaEpñkmYyén Khiji Sultanate kñúgkMLúgBak;kNþalstvtSTI13. kñúgqñaM 1347 Bahmanis én Gulbarga )andeNþImykkSRtcamBI Khiljis edIm,IbMEbkCardæ5eTot EdleKsÁal;vafaCa Deccan Sultanates edayman Adil Shah CaGñkRKb;RKg Bijapur. edayTTYl)anRbsiT§iBrCamYynwgrtnsm,tþi viharGuIsøam ectiy vaMg nig sMNg;karBarsRtÚv TIRkúgenHmanvimanFM²kñúgkMLúgeBleLIgRKgraCürbs; Adil Shah. eKmanKeRmagedIm,I eFVIeGayvimanTaMgenH)aneQµaHCarmnIydæanekrþ_mrtkBiPBelak UNESCO.

Good to know

Best time to visit October-March

How to reach Belgaum airport is 205km away. Take a train to Bijapur railway station, 2km away. Regular buses ply from major cities in south and west India.

Also see Chand Bawri, Mehatar Mahal

Vijayapur: A gem of art


Bringing up the Indian palate The Indian culinary atlas has been designed by restaurants known for innovative and interesting cooking styles


Bringing up the Indian palate

April 16, 2014: The iconic B Merwan announced

the same succulence minus the 160 spices used

that it is shutting shop! Social media went ber-

in the Galouti variant! Similar was the case of Poi.

serk, posting about the 100-year-old Irani eatery.

A Portuguese import, Poi was redeveloped by

No detail, no matter how frivolous - from the soft-

the Armenians- India’s first baking community –

est mawa cake to the bun maska, Czech chairs

with wheat flour and toddy, served with sausag-

to the 46 baking lines- was spared. It felt

es and egg. It was India’s first taco!

as if the curtains had fallen on yet another historic chapter, one that connected Bombay to

Even the world-famous Butter Chicken was in-


vented in Moti Mahal when Tandoori Chicken was served in a bath of gravy. It was the same

So what was it about B Merwan that demand-

tenacity of bringing in something different that

ed such a loyalty? Like many of them earlier, B

led to the birth of the Baida Paratha and Seekh

Merwan was part of history that shaped Indian

Kebab roll in 1303. The now much sought-after

cuisine we know today. In fact, Indian culinary

Tandoori King Prawn was a delicacy served in a

history is replete with such Merwans that have

Kori Roti to traders at the port way before it for-

shaped civilisations and its palates. Known then

ayed in the royal court of Patiala as one of the

as hotels or serais depending upon their location

queen’s favourites.

(serais were small motels on highways whereas hotels were located in towns or on ports). These

One among the many sweets that took shape in

places were grounds of innovations of new dish-

these hotels was the Rasmalai. Having originated

es and commonising cuisines that came down the royal kitchen and assimilated newer ones that arrived on the shores. Developed in the exotic corridors of the royal

Butter Chicken was invented in Mod Mahal when Tandoori Chicken was served in a bath of gravy

kitchens, the Galouti Kebabs reached the common man shaped as Tandoori Kebab or Bhagu Kebab, with a few variations. Bhagu Kebab had

Patatas Bravas

Chicken Kulfi

Bringing up the Indian palate


in the temple corridors of Puri in the state of

remained, new ones came up across the coun-

Odisha, Rasmalai was perfected in sweetmeat

try, especially in Delhi, Mumbai (then Bombay)

shops in Salepur before it reached the bylanes

and Kolkata (then Calcutta). Each of these

of Calcutta (now Kolkata) and then to the court

places had its unique identity. Like United Coffee

of Wajid Ali Shah.

House in New Delhi became the first restaurant to have a textured wall with seating replicating

Over the years, these standalone restaurants

the Ooty Club. The menu at these restaurants

became the hub of culinary inventions like

was a blend of English, Chinese and Indian

fafda, jalebi, imarti, chhole bhature, chaat and

delicacies. Dishes like Spanish Paella, Vegetable

samosa. What added to the charm of these

Ratatouille and Penne Alfredo with Vodka,

places was them serving as the meeting place.

Croissant, Egg Benedict, Roulade, Tea - English

This meant they could experiment effectively

and otherwise - Sandwiches and the famous

and they did. Peppered Hot Chocolate was first served on the Spice Route after chocolate arrived in India with the Spanish, and the first wine made by squashing

The Standalone restaurants became the hub of many inventions like fafda, Jalebi, immarti and chaat

grapes and beetroot together to give it that red colour. Chandni Chowk, the shopping paradise of the Mughal era, established in 1650, became the food potpourri as years passed by. The oldest and most-famed outlet here is Pt Gaya Prasad Shiv Charan, set up in 1872, and Ghantewala Halwai which served the Mughals their fill of Sohan Halwa. The restaurant business flourished between 1860 an d 1900. While the smaller hotels Murg Galouti Sangam

Peshawari Kebab


Bringing up the Indian palate

Casserole became common meal much like

emerge and cater to the working class. Such

Biryani, Yakhni, Zarda and others during

Udupi-style places provided quality food at

Mughal times.

affordable prices. Kayani, the oldest surviving bakery in Mumbai, too served a similar purpose

Calcutta (now Kolkata) saw its first Western

for mill workers who, even at the end of the

hotel- with electric fans, tubs and a restaurant

month, could afford a breakfast of two cups of

in 1880 by David Wilson.

tea and two Bun Maskas with butter for less than an anna.

Called Auckland Hotel, it had its first coffee shop serving cookies, cakes and Indian coffee. Gym-

In between all arrived the slightly upscale fine

khanas and exclusive clubs like Bombay Royal

diners that merged food, decor and aspirational

Yacht Club mushroomed everywhere.

values. Like Firpoâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Restaurant in Calcutta (now Kolkata). Established around 1917 by Italian

In fact, it would not be wrong to say the enti- -re

Angelo Firpo, it was the favourite spot for the high

Gymkhana belt at Marine Drive developed

society that served Lord Irwin, the then viceroy

during this time and so did cricket, chicken

and governor of India. Even back then, Caviar

lollipop and soda! Much like Roshanara, one of

and Foie Gras were served here.

Delhiâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s oldest clubs that later became doubly famous for being the place where the Board of

Between 1920 and 1950, little changed by way

Control for Cricket in India (BCCI) was formed in 1928. On the other side of this trend were places like

Kolkata saw its first Western Hotel built in 1880 by David Wilson called the Aukeland Hotel

Mavalli Tiffin Service (later MTR) that began to

Tandoori Sheekh Kebab Bringing up the Indian palate


of new concept restaurants or newer cuisine

Post-1970, the Indian food scene went in for a lull

though Rock culture did inspire a few to change.

for nearly two decades. Yes, there were restau-

Like Cafe Leopold in Mumbai which was a coffee

rants opening - some of the best names opened

place changed into a cool beer and buddy

during this time like the Dum Pukht, Peshwari and

hangout. Indian delicacies had suddenly taken

Bukhara - but most of these were located in hotels

over but with smidgen of the other influences in

and were inaccessible to the common man.

the coffee shops. Till 1990, it was back to Indian cuisine -mostly Chinese and the so-called Punjabi cuisines

from the North Frontier. Food business suddenly

became the usual bet, with a few exceptions. “A

became a commercially viable occupation but

handful of restaurants run by seasoned hoteliers served quality food,” says Zorawar Kalra, founder, Massive Restaurants but they were far and few. “Delhi,” adds Kalra, “however remained the hub of experimental cuisine as the city developed.

In between all came the upscale fine diners that merged food, decor and aspirational values

Suddenly, there was an invasion of Chinese and fast food dragging along North-Eastern cuisine. But that was it.” Calcutta (now Kolkata), however, says Chef Sabysachi Gorai, founder, Fabrica By Saby, continued to develop newer concepts. Blue Fox became one of Calcutta’s first bar-restaurants with live bands playing music for people to dance. It is an entertaining record of Calcutta’s nightlife from the 50s and 60s. Food here continued to be a mix of English, European and Indian.

Chicken Biryani


Bringing up the Indian palate


innovations and experiments stopped. In the early 90s, chefs took the baton of bringing interesting concepts that started with olives, grew with the likes of Pizza By The Bay and Olives, and suddenly the Indian restaurants took the biggest makeover. Such was the rise of experimental cooking and experiential eating that by the latter half of 2000, India had seen molecular gastronomy, slow Rasmalai

cooking, vegan, sous vide and the birth of progressive cuisine. And with that Indian restaurants were back to the early 1300s where innovation was the key!

Chhole Bhature

Bringing up the Indian palate


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Bringing up the Indian palate

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enHmanhagkaehVdMbUgrbs;xøÜn Bringing up the Indian palate


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Bringing up the Indian palate

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Bringing up the Indian palate


Luxury on The waters The two mighty rivers of India, Ganga and Brahmaputra, offer a way to travel through the country in total serenity and comfort aboard a river cruise

A river cruise in India gives you an opportunity to spend your holidays in the most luxurious way while exploring the beauty and historical legacy of the country. It is now possible to cruise for around 1, 750 miles on the rivers and inland waterways of India, passing through great cities, alongside wildlife sanctuaries and historical monuments.


Luxury on The waters

These cruises operate on two major rivers - Brahmaputra and Ganga, known as Hooghly in West Bengal. Be it urban mansions, monuments in towns or mangroves on remote islands - unearth the daily life steeped in generations of abiding customs, rituals, beliefs and craftsmanship which is reflected in the variety of folklores, music, weaving, pottery, foods and festivals. With options of upstream and downstream available, one can opt for either of the route they want to explore.

Luxury on The waters


Brahmaputra River Cruise

Guwahati in Assam and terminating at Silghat

Brahmaputra, called TsangpoBrahmaputra, is a

near Tezpur and Kaziranga.

trans-boundary river and one of the major ones of Asia. The upper course of the river was long

Here the spotlights are Nameri and Kaziranga

unknown and it was only in 1884-86 that its iden-

national parks and the temples of Tezpur. One

tity when, the Yarlung Tsangpo was established,

of the major highlights of this cruise, while in As-

a part of the river that flows in Tibet. The cruise

sam, is the visit to Sibsagar, the old capital of the

on the river offers a first-hand experience to ev-

Ahom kings and the Majuli Island with Hindu mo-

ery traveller. Organised between October and

nastic communities. Visit to every nook and cor-

April, the travel packages, including four-night,

ner of the country reiterates that art and craft is

seven-night and two-night options, ensure a Na-

intertwined with culture and tradition.

ture-soaked sojourn from Kolkata in West Bengal up the Brahmaputra to Dibrugarh in Assam.

Ganga River Cruise

The cruises feature visits and attractions such as

Sourced from the Himalayas, no river plays a

wildlife safaris (both by jeep and on elephant),

more important role religious, cultural, econom-

village walks, visits to tea gardensâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; exploring

ic and social- in the lives of the people than

towns on cycle rickshaws, enjoying barbecues

River Ganga. India has witnessed innumerable

on deserted river islands, dance performances

change in terms of civilisations and the holy river

and trips to craft workshops. While on this cruise, you must visit the Manas National Park on Indo-Bhutan border along with a sojourn to an archaeological site, a crafts village and a pilgrimage centre. Also, there are cruises initiating from


Luxury on The waters

The 260-KM long distributary of the Ganga river, Hooghly serves perfectly as a cruising path

Clockwise from top left: Lounge area on the deck; the courtyard of Ramnagar Fort; Sufi Mausoleum at Maner; Shahi Qila or Jaunpur Fort; snippet from Patna-Farakka cruise; votive stupas in Sarnath

Luxury on The waters



Luxury on The waters

Clockwise from top left (facing page): Snapshots from Patna to Farakka cruise; early Mughal tomb at Chunar; ghats of Vanranasi; sundeck on the cruise; Sonepur Cattle Fair; glimpses from the Patna-Farakka cruise; being camera-locked by international tourists

Luxury on The waters


Clockwise from top: Spa services offered on the cruise; sundeck area; lounge area; delicacies served on the cruise; dining area


Luxury on The waters

has been Witness to such spectacles The cruises on Ganga begin from Varanasi in Uttar Pradesh, making its way to Chuna Fort from the Mughal days to the British cemetery, sailing its way to the British cemetery and then to Ramnagar to visit Maharaja Palace and culminating the sojourn with Ganga aarti. If sailing towards Bihar, visit the Buddhist site of Sarnath, Sher Shah Suriâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Sasaram Fort and Buxar. In Bihar, tourists can plan a day trip to Nalanda or Bodh Gaya. The Inland Waterways Authority of India plans to operate more cruise sails from next year onwards. In addition, there are cruises that include Nabadwip (famous for Chaitanya Mahaprabhu), the old colonial and enriching French culture at Chandannagore, further sailing through Kolkata, Dakshineswar, Belur, Mayapur, Murshidabad (with its Mughal palaces, museums and mosques). The entire stretch of approximately 1,200 km brings forth an experience of cultural and historical precedence. While the river banks promise the site of wild boar, jackal, Bengal fox, jungle cat, rhesus macaques, grey langurs, bluebull and blackbuck, the channel itself is the abode of more than 90 species of fish, smooth Indian otters, terrapins, tortoises and river dolphins.

Hooghly River Cruise The 260-km long distributary of River Ganga, Hooghly serves perfectly as a cruising path. Operating round the year in West Bengal, it stretches from Kolkata to Farakka on a cruise up to Hooghly and covers the famous Howrah Bridge, Hazar Duari and Katgola Palace. Ecstatic views steeped into history, culture, tradition and scenic beauty supported by a well-trained crew along with a lavish spread is the perfect recipe of these luxury river cruises.

Luxury on The waters


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TUkkmSanþmandMeNIrTsSnadUcCakaremIlsahVarIstVéRB (manTaMgkarCiHrfynþhSIb nigdMrI ) karedIrkñúgPUmi kar TsSnasYnEt karKyKn;TIRkúgedayCiHeqAEk karbriePaK sac;GaMgelIekaHrehazan karsEmþgr)aM nigkareFVIdMeNIr eTAhagsib,kmµ. enAelITUkkmSanþ GñkRtÚvEteTATsSna ]TüanCati Manas tamRBMEdn\NÐÚb‘Utan CamYynwg karkmSanþenArmNIdæanburaNmYyEdlCaPUmisib,kmµ nig TUkkmSanþTaMgenHebIkdMeNIrkarenATenøFM²BIr KWTenø Gan- mCÆmNÐlFmµyaRta. dUcKñapgEdr manTUkkmSanþecj ga nig Brahmaputra EdleKsÁal;faCa Tenø Hooghly BITIRkúg Guwahati rdæ Assam nigbBa©b;enATIRkúg enArdæ Bengal xageCIg. minfavaCaTIlMenAkñúgTIRkúg viman Silghat Cit TIRkúg Tezpur nig Kaziranga. Rkúg b¤k¾éRBekagkagkñúgekaHdac;RsyalenaHeT CIk kkayCIvitRbcaMéf¶Edlcak;kb;eRCAkñúgCMnan; TMenomTMlab; TIenHkEnøgsMxan;²mandUcCa]TüanCati Nameri nig kaRbtibtþi CMenO sil,htßkmµ EdlqøúHbBa©aMBIerOgeRBgepSg² ziranga nigR)agÁR)asaT Tezpur. dMeNIrkmSanþtamTUk t®nþI tm,aj sµÚn Gahar nigBiFIbuNünana. CamYynwg d¾sMxan;mYykñúgrdæ Assam KwkarTsSna TIRkúg Sibsagar CeRmIseFVIdMeNIrBIedImTwk b¤cugTwk GñkGaceRCIserIspøÚv EdlCaraFanIburaNrbs;esþcAhom nigekaH Majuli Edl EdlGñkcg;KyKn;)an. manshKmn_TIGaramhiNÐÚ. TsSnaRKb;RCúgeRCayén RbeTsEdlsil,³ nigsib,kmµmanTMnak;TMngKñaeTAnwg TUkkmSanþtamdgTenø Brahmaputra vb,Fm_ nigRbéBNI. Brahmaputra KWCaTenøEdlqøgkat;RBMEdn ehIyCaTenø d¾FMmYyenAGasuI. EpñkxagelIénTenøenHminRtÚv)aneKsÁal; TUkkmSanþtamTenø Ganga CayUrmkehIy eTIbEtenAcenøaHqñaM 1884-86 Edl manRbPBecjBI PñMhim:aéL KµanTenøNaEdlmantYnaTI GtþsBaØaNrbs;vaRtÚv)aneKsÁal;faCaEpñkmYyénTenøEdl sMxan;Cagkñúgvis½ysasna vb,Fm’ esdækic© sgÁménCIvit hUrecjBITIeb. TUkkmSanþnwgpþl;bTBiesaFn_pÞal;dl;Gñk rs;enArbs;RbCaCnCagTenø Ganga eT. RbeTs\NÐa eFVIdMeNIrRKb;Kña. kBa©b;eFVIdMeNIrerobcMeLIgcenøaH Ex tula )anqøgkat;karpøas;bþÚrrab;minGs;rYmmanTaMgGarüFm’ ehIy nigemsa rYmmanCeRmIs 4yb; 7yb; nigFana)annUvkar Tenød¾sikþisiT§enH)ank¾)anqøgTsSnIPaBCaeRcInpgEdr. sñak;nUvEbbFmµCatisuT§saFcab;BITIRkúg Kolkata enArdæ TUkkmSanþtamTenø Gangacab;epþImBITIRkúg Varanasi Bengal xaglic rhUtdl;TRI kúg Dibrugarh énrdæ Assam. kñúgrdæ Uttar Pradesh eTAkan; Chuna Fort BI Mughal 31

Luxury on The waters

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Luxury on The waters


Journalist who attended IHGF in October 2015 in we showcase hand-made productions of high quality and we have been recognized by the International markets in the world.” He also mentioned that Cambodia is one of the market for Indian goods. The product categories on display include housewares, tableware, kitchenware, hotelware, home furnishing, home textiles, Mr. Veng Sambo

linens, cosmetics, festive decor, among others. More than 5,000 overseas buyers from leading international departmental/ chain stores, wholesalers, distributors and major brands were

I was fortunate to be selected to

present at the fair. And I was so proud that I could be there. I

visit India as sponsored by Em-

noticed that every Indian product exhibits the unique style and

bassy of India, Phnom Penh for

art that demonstrate the strong culture of this country since

the 40th edition of IHGF- Delhi

thousand years. The event was held from 14 – 18 October, 2015

Fair which is the world’s largest

at India Expo Centre & Mart, Greater Noida, NCR Delhi cover-

fair of Indian handicrafts and

ing around 1,90,000 sq. m. Since the area is so big one cannot

Artwork. My first impression as I

visit all the stalls in one day.

landed in India on October 13, 2015, was the multitude of crowd

what I learn from Mr. Dinesh Kumar, director of the organiz-

wherever I went. I am told that

ing team, Indian Handicraft products for export to international

the population of Delhi is more

markets by the end of 2015 will amount over $3048 million. This

than the entire Cambodian pop-

is a huge amount, really. And according to Ministry of Com-

ulation. The welcome reception

merce of Royal Government of Cambodia report, business be-

was very warm and I immediate-

tween Indian and Cambodia has been increasing remarkably

ly felt at home. The food and

over the past few years and the value of import is more than

hotel were of very high standard

one million dollars.

that we all enjoyed so much and can never forget.

Relations between Cambodia and India have started since the ancient times. India’s influence in Cambodia can be seen on

The next day I visited the Fair. The

tradition, religion, language and Hindu temple. I could see our

event was organized by the Ex-

similarity as I visited India.

port Promotion Council for Hand-

great experience to remember. I thank you Embassy of India in

icrafts (EPCH) and inaugurated

Phnom Penh for this golden opportunity. I strongly believe that

by Minister of State for Textiles,

Cambodia and India will remain true friends in the future, and

Mr. Santosh Gangwar at India

business relations will grow more under bilateral agreement.

Overall, my first trip to India was a

Expo Centre and Mart. Speaking on the event, Gangwar stated “This is a successful fair where-


Journalist who attended IHGF

written by Mr. Veng Sambo

GñksarBt’manEdl)ancUlrYm kñúgExtula qñaM2015

elak ev:g sm,Úr

´BitCamansMNagNas;EdlRtÚv)an sßanTUt\NÐaRbcaMraCFanIPñMeBjeRCIs erIs]btßmÖeGayeTATsSnaRbeTs\NÐa kñúgBiBN’ IHGF kñúgTIRkúgedlI Edl CaBiBN’sib,kmµ nigvtßúsil,³ FMCageK bg¥s;enARbeTs\NÐa. cMNucd¾KYreGay cab;GarmµN½dMbUg naeBlEdl´)aneTA dl;RbeTs\NÐa enAéf¶TI 13 Extula qñaM2015 enaHKWfa manhVÚgmnusSCa eRcInminfakEnøgNaEdl´)aneTAenaH eT. maneKR)ab;´facMnYnRbCaCnenA TIRkúgedlIKeW RcInCagcMnnY RbCaCnRbeTs km<úCaTaMgmUleTAeTot. eK)anR)arBV BiFTI TYlsVaKmn_ya: gkk;ekþA ehIy´man GarmµN_ dUcCaenApÞHxøÜnÉgGBa©wg. mðÚb nigsNæaKarBitCamansþg;darx<s;Edl ´BitCarIkrayxøaMgNas; ehIynwgmin GacbMePøcbTBiesaFn_enaH)aneLIy.


manvtþmanenAÉBiBN’enaH. ehIy´BitCamanemaTnPaBNas;Edl´GaceTA TIenaH)an. ´)ankt;smÁal;faplitpl\NÐanimYy²bgðajBIrcnabfl¥Ék nigsil,³Edlbgðajvb,Fm’xøaMgxøarbs;RbeTsenHEdl mantaMgBIrab;Ban; qñaMmun. RBwtþikarN_enaHRtÚv)anerobcMeLIgcenøaHéf¶TI14 dl;éf¶TI18 Extula qñaM2015 enAÉ India ExpoCentre & Mart, Greater Noida, NCR Delhi EdlmandITMhMRbEhl190000Em:Rtkaer:. edayTItaMgenaHFMxøaMg mnusSmñak;minGac edIrTsSna RKb;hagkñúgmYyéf¶enaHeT. GVEI dl´)aneronBIelak Dinesh Kumar naykénRkúmGñkerobcM KWfaplitpl sib,kmµCnCati\NÐa sRmab;naMecjeTA kan;TIpSarGnþrCatinacugqñaM2015 KWmantémørhUteTAdl; 3048 landuløarGaemrik enHBitCacMnYneRcInNas;. ehIyebIeyagtamr)aykarN_RksYgBaNiC¢kmµrbs;RBHraCaNacRkkm<úCa vij GaCIvkmµrva\NÐanigkm<úCa)anekIneLIgKYr eGaykt;smÁal;kñúgkMLúgeBl b:unµanqñaMcugeRkayenH ehIytémø énkarnaMcUlKWeRcInCagmYylanduløar. TMnak;TMngrvagRbeTskm<úCanigRbeTs\NÐamancab;taMgBIsm½yburaNmkmk. \T§iBlRbeTs\NÐaGaceXIjenAkm<úCatamry³RbéBNI sasna Pasa vtþsasnahinÐÚ. ´GaceXIjBIPaBRsedogKña eBl´eTATsSnaRbeTs\NÐa. niyayrYm dMeNITsSnkic© elIkTImYyeTAkan;RbeTs\NÐaenH KWCabTBiesaFn_ d¾Gs©arü mYyEdl´nwgcgcaM. xJúMsUmGrKuNsßanTUtRbeTs\NÐaRbcaMPñMeBj sRmab;»kas masenH. ´eCOCak;y:agmutmaMfaRbeTskm<úCa nigRbeTs \NÐa nwgEfrkSamitþPaBenHnaeBlGnaKt nigTMnak;TMng GaCIvkmµkan;EtrIklUtlas;eRkamkic©RBmRBgeTVPaKI. sresreday³ elak ev:g sm,Úr

éf¶bnÞab;´)aneTATsSnaBiBN’. BiBN’ enaHRtÚv)anerobcMeLIgedayRkúmRbwkSa pSBVpSaynaMecjsRmab;hag Gñklk; e)aduM GñkEckcay nigyIehal,I²Edl Journalist who attended IHGF


India visit I, Booharath Duong, Director, Pluton Lifeciences Limited, cambodia, had the honor to get invitation from pharmexicil India to attend the buyer seller meet on Dec 11th - 14th 2015 at Varanasi, India. I would like to thank Embassy of India in Phnom Penh who recommended my name for this meeting. I had read about India in history and our Cambodian culture is Mrs. Rath

the boon of same. Basically Khmer language also comes from Indian language “ Sanskrit”. I have had the desire to see India through my own eyes. It worked like a “two birds with a stone” when I visited the religious and world renowned destination like Varanasi.


place where the Ganges flows and also the routing town for sarnath, Buddha place. We had buyer seller meet for herbal products and I could find some interesting suppliers for business partnership for cambodia. I have confidence that no other country can have better herbal, traditional products than India. Ayurvedic, herbal cosmetics,can be in good demand in cambodia and I find India as the biggest hub. I got better understanding about Indian manufacturing capabilities and also it is the “ pharmacy of the world”. I feel proud in propagating the Indian products in our country “Cambodia” and would refurbish the people minds of prioritizing European products. I would like to thank once again Indian Embassy in Cambodia, Pharma export council, Ministry of Commerce India, and all related officials for arranging this visit for Cambodians. I would look forward to get some other chance later in near future.

written by Mrs. Rath


India visit

TsSnaRbeTs\NÐa ´ dYg b‘Uhardæ CanaykRkúmh‘un Pluton Lifesciences Limited RbeTskm<úCa man kitþiysEdlRtÚv)anGeBa¢IjBI Pharmexicil RbeTs\NÐaeGaycUlrYm karCYbCuMGñk Tij Gñklk;naéf¶TI11dl;éf¶TI14 ExFñÚ qñaM2015 enATIRkúg v:ar:aNasuI RbeTs\NÐa. ´sUmGrKuNsßanTUtRbeTs\NÐa RbcaMTIRkúgPñMeBjEdl)anENnaMeQµaHrbs;´mk kan;karRbCuMenH. elakRsI rdæ

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Sikkim India’s First State to Go All Organic a leader in being ecofriendly tourism. Humorous signs advocating against littering, smoking and using chemical on crops, placed at tourist sights and around the town of Gangtok, the capital of Sikkim, cause observers to stop and wonder at the minds behind the words. Above the clouds and nestled in the colder Ms Nou Sotheavy had participated in the 4th International Tourism Mart 2015 in the North East India. She has published this article in the Khmer Times earlier.

temperatures of Sikkim is a holy lake which lays peacefully quiet as decorated yaks relax calmy when the delegates arrive in twos and threes in their mini cars. After a two hour ride, the Cambo-

In 2015, Sikkim announced they will be the first

dian delegate stretches quickly before the bit-

state in India to become all organic. For three

ing cold wakes her from the haze of jet lag. Ev-

days, 52 international buyers and delegates

erywhere is natural beauty of color highlighted

from tour operators and media from 23 countries

by rays of sunshine, a view that the Sikkim wants

traveled up the harrowing curved streets of the

to protect with eco-tourism.

mountains to visit the mysterious state of Sikkim for the fourth International Tourism Mart (ITM).

Tourism and Environmental Impacts The number of foreign visitors to the north-east-

Invited by India’s ministry of tourism, delegates

ern states during 2014 grew by 39.8 percent -- an

from Australia, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Brunei,

increase from the previous year. The numbers

Cambodia, France, Germany, Indonesia, Italy,

are expected to grow as expansion plans of e-vi-

Japan, Malaysia, Nepal, New Zealand, Norway,

sas to 113 countries will increase to 150 countries

Russia, Singapore, South Korea, Spain, Switzer-

by March 2016 and after the construction of Sik-

land, Thailand, UK, USA and Vietnam met with

kim’s own airport by the end of next year in Pa-

71 tour operators from eight north eastern States

kyong, 35 Km away from the capital, Gangtok.

and West Bengal from different regions of India. Currently, the only way into Sikkim is by a 3 to 4 In a swirl of colors and costumes, performanc-

hour vehicle from the Bagdogra airport. Sikkim

es from the seven sister states of Northeast In-

needs a special permit to enter, but has now vis-

dia were displayed in different cultural dances.

itors can register at the border and receive per-

From the rhythmic rituals of fire and blades to the

mission on site.

drumming echoes of a warrior’s prance, India’s Northeastern seven sister states and Sikkim (the

Stating that the Indian Prime Minister, Shri Naren-

big brother state) represented the different tribal

dra Modi, as having a positive vision to develop

groups and various heritage to its finest.

the North East which has a very high tourism potential in the country, Dr. Mahesh Sharma, the

Sikkim was chosen to hold this year’s ITM event as


Sikkim India’s First State to Go All Organic

Union Tourism Minister hopes that tourism in the

North East will continue to increase the country develops the environmental protection in that area. Sikkim’s Example Sikkim’s plans to become a fully organic state by the year’s end and will be dediciated by the prime minister when he visits in January of next year. Local products like potatoes, spinach and tomatoes are flavorful and delicately prepared in curry dishes and with local flavors -- a delight to sample.

A humorous sign at Tsomgo lake, this holy lake is 30 KM from Gangtok, Sikkim in Northeastern India. (KT Photo: Sotheavy Nou)

Describing Sikkim as a landlocked state sharing its borders with China Nepal and Bhutan while

ideal tourist state.

being is one of the 18 biodiversity hotspots in the world and home to 30 percent of the flow-

The North East shares the international bound-

ering plants in India, Dr. Sharma stated “Given

aries of India with China, Bangladesh, Bhutan,

our strength in natural resources and heritage,

Nepal and Myanmar. Known for its natural

we have made eco-friendly policies the highest

beauty, tranquility and wild flora and fauna, it

priority of the state.”

makes for an attractive area for the development of ecotourism. Gangtok, the capital and

Sikkim’s developing tourism over the past twenty

the largest town of the Indian state of Sikkim and

years has already implemented bans on various

is at an elevation of 1,650 meters in the eastern

things to preserve the ecosystem. Bans on fire-

Himalayan range. Contrary to much of India,

crackers, plastic bags, smoking in public places,

the majority of ethnicities in Sikkim are Nepali,

destruction of reserved forest areas as well as

Lepchas and Bhutia.

shooting wildlife and the use of chemical fertilizers, insecticide or pesticides have been instated. Heavy investment into the education and preservation of the environment has placed Sikkim as the first state to frame ecotourism policy in the country. After a survey in 2013 by the New Delhi-based Centre for Science and Environment(CSE) on the national air quality review, results showed that the North- eastern region of India had rapid increase in air pollution due to the increase of motor vehicles in the Indian states of Assam, Meghalaya, Manipur, Mizoram, Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Tripura and Sikkim.

A view from above near Tsomgo Lake, 30 KM from Gangtok, Sikkim in Northeastern India. (KT Photo: Sotheavy Nou)

Dr. Sharma praised Sikkim’s cleanliness and no smoking drive, as a process of becoming an

written by Ms Nou Sotheavy

Sikkim India’s First State to Go All Organic


rdærbs;RbeTs\NÐaTImYy EdlepþImeRbIRKb;plitplsrIragÁ


RtÚv)aneKeRCIserIseFVIRBwtþikarN_ ITM qñaMenH kñúg namCaGñkdwknaMedaysarEtmaneTscrN_min b:HBal;nwg brisaß n. pøaksBaØad¾kEM bøgCaeRcInelIksÞyÜ RbqaMgkarecal sMramepþspþas karCk;)arI nigkareRbI R)as;sarFatuKmI mI kelI dMNaM b¤dak;enAkEnøgeTscrN_ nigCuMvijRkúg Gangtok EdlCaTIRkúgrbs;rdæ Sikkim )aneFVIeGayGñkTsSnaQb; kBaØa nU suT§avI )ancUlrYmTIpSareTlcrN¾GnþrCatielIkTI4 qñaM2015 ehIyq¶lB; KI nM ti EdlenABIeRkayBaküTaMgM Gs;enH. Sikkim

enAPaKxageCIgRbeTs\NÐa. kBaØa)anpSBVpSayGtßbTenHtam ry³TsSnavtþI Khmer Time naeBlfµI²enH.

kñúgqñaM2015 Sikkim )anRbkasfaBYkeKnwgkøayCardæ dMbUgkñúgRbeTs\NÐaEdlkøayeRbIsrIragKÁRKb;Epñk. kñúg ry³eBlbIéf¶ GñkbBa¢aTijGnþrCaticMnYn52 nigRbtiPUmk BIRkúmh‘uneTscrN_ nigRbB½n§pSBVpSaymkBI23 RbeTs )aneFVIdMeNIrmkkan;pøÚvekagxVat;ExVgPñM edIm,ImkTsSnardæ Sikkim d¾Gaf’kM)aMgkñúgmCÆmNÐlBaNiC¢ kmµeTscrN_ GnþrCatielIkTI4 (ITM). edayGeBa¢IjedayRksYgeTscrN_RbeTs\NÐa RbtiPUmk BIRbeTsGU®sþalI bg;køaeds b‘Utg; Rb‘ÚeN km<úCa )araMg GaLWm:g; \NÐÚensuI GuItalI Cb:un m:aeLsuI en)a:l; NUEv:l hSWLg; éf cRkPBGg;eKøs shrdæGaemrik nigevotNam CamYynwgRkúmh‘uneTscrN’cMnYn71Rkúmh‘unmkBIrdæEb:k xag|sancMnYn8 nigBIrdæ West Bengal mkBIeRcIntMbn; epSg²KñaénRbeTs\NÐa. enAkñúgcMeNamBN’ nigQutsemøókbMBak; karsMEdgmkBI rdæTaMg7EdlmkBIEb:kxag|sanRbeTs\NÐaCa karraM Ebbsil,³xus²Kña. BIcgVak;ePøgsasnaénePøIgnigkaMbit rhUtdl;sMelgFugsÁrGñkRbyuT§énrdæxag |sanTaMg7nig Sikkim (rdæEdlCabgFMCageK) )antMNageGayRkúmsm<½n§ epSg²eTot nigekr’þmrtk l¥\tex©aH. 39

Sikkim India’s First State to Go All Organic

enABIelIBBk nigRCkkñúgsItuNðPaBRtCak;rbs; Sikkim manTenød¾visidæEdlsþitenAy:ags¶b;s¶at;k¾dUcCa stVcamrI sMraky:ages¶óm kMLúgeBlEdlRbtiPU)anmkdl;eday tamry³LanBIrbIrbs;BYkKat;. eRkayBICiHLanBIrem:ag mk RbtiPURbeTskm<úCaBt;xøÜny:agelOnedIm,IeGaysVag BIeKgbnÞab;BImanGarmµN_minRsÜl edaysarehaHqøgtMbn; Edlmanem:agxusKña. RKb;TIkEnøgKWCasmösSBN’FmµCati Edlpþl;eday RBHGaTitürH CaeTsPaBmYyEdl Sikkim cg;EfrkSaCamYynwgeGkUeTscrN_. \T§iBlvis½yeTscrN_ nigbrisßan cMnYnGñkTsSnabreTsmkkan;rdæEb:k|sankñúg qñaM 2014 )anekIneLIgcMnYn 39/8 PaKry elIsBIqñaMmun. cMnYn enHRtÚv)aneKrMBwgfanwgekInedaysarEtKeRmagBRgIkvIsa BIRbeTscMnYn 133 eTA 150RbeTs KitRtwm ExmIna qñaM2016 nigeRkayeBlsagsg;RBlanynþehaH Sikkim naeBlcugqñaMeRkayenAÉ Pakyong Edlman cm¶ay 35 KILÚEm:RtBITIRkúg Gangtok. naeBlbc©úb,nñ meFüa)ayEtmYyKt;edIm,IeTA Sikkim )anKW edayCiHLan3eTA4em:agBIRBlanynþeyaH Bagdogra. Sikkim RtÚvkarlixitGnuBaØatBiessedIm,IcUl)an b:uEnþ\LÚv GñkmkTsSnaGaccuHeQµaHenAÉ RBlanynþehaH nigTTYl lixitGnuBaØateBleTAdl;TIenaH)an.

cab;taMgBIeBlnaykrdæm®nþI\NÐa elak Shri Narendra Modi manTsSn³viC¢mankñúgkarGPivDÆEb:k|san EdlCa tMbn;EdlmanskþanuBleTscrN_xøaMgenAkñúgRbeTs. elak Mahesh Sharma rdæm®nþIshB½n§ eTscrN_ sgÇwmfavisy½ eTscrN_kgúñ Eb:k|sannwgbnþekInRsbeBl RbeTsenHGPivDÆ karkarBarbrisßanenAkñúgtMbn;enaH. ]TahrN_rbs; Sikkim KeRmagrbs; Sikkim kñúgkarkøayCardæmYyEdleBareBj edayplitplsrIragÁnaeBlcugqñaMenH nigkar]TÞiseday naykrdæm®nþI kMLúgeBlKat;mkkñúg Exmkra qñaMeRkay. edaysarEtkarekInénkareRbIR)as;m:UtUenAkñúgrdædUcCa AsplitplkñúgRsúkdUcCadMLÚg bEnøs<INac eb:ge)a:Hnwgman sam Meghalaya Manipur Mizoram Arunachal rsCatisMbUrEbb nigerobcMy:ageBjcitþkñúgmðÚbkarI CamYy Pradesh Nagaland Tripura nig Sikkim. nwgrsCatikñúgRsúk EdlrIkraynwgsakjúaM. elak Sharma )ansresIrBIPaBs¥atrbs; Sikkim nig Sikkim KWCardæEdlmanRBMRbTl;nwgRbeTscin en)a:l; karebIkedayKµanEpSg faCadMeNIkarénkarkøay Cardæ nigb‘Utg; ehIyk¾CakEnøgEdlmanCIv³cRmúH18 kEnøgkñúg eTscrN_d¾RbéBmYy. BiPBelak ehIyk¾CalMenAsßanrbs;edImpáa 30 PaKry Eb:k|sanmanRBMRbTl;Cab;nwgRbeTscin bg;køaeds b‘Utg; kñúgRbeTs\NÐa. elak Sharma )anelIk eLIgfa en)a:l; nigRbeTsmIy:an;m:a. edayPaB l,Il,ajBIsRms; “edayeyIgmanFnFanFmµCatimrtkeRcIn eyIg)anbegáIt PaBes¶óms¶at; rukçCatinigstVéRBrbs;va va)aneFVIeGay eKalneya)ayeGkUCasiT§iGaTiPaBrbs;rdæenH”. køayCatMbn;d¾Tak;TajsRmab; GPivDÆeGkUeTscrN_. Gangtok EdlCaTIRkúg nigtMbn;RkúgEdlFMCageKrbs; Sikkim )ankMBugGPivDÆvis½yeTscrN_kñúgry³eBl 20qñaM Sikkim EdlmankMBs; 1650Em:Rt kñúgCYrPñMehm:al½y cugeRkayenH ehIy)anGnuvtþkarXat;XaMgmin eGaynaM xagekIt. pÞúyBItMbn;epSgénRbeTs\NÐa Catisasn_PaK cUlrbs;CaeRcInedIm,IkarBarRbB½n§eGkU. karXat;XaMgmin eRcInenAkñúg Sikkim KWen)a:l; elbqa nigb‘Utg;. eGaynaMykpav fg;)aøsÞic karCk;)arIenA kEnøgsaFarN³ karkab;éRBeQIenAtMbn;GPir½kS k¾dUcCakar)aj;stVéRB nig kareRbIR)as;CIKImI KImIsmøab; stVl¥itnigstVepSg²RtÚv)an sresreday³ nU suT§avI eKelIkeLIg. karvinieyaKCaeRcInelIvis½yGb;rM nigkar karBarbrisßan)aneFVIeGay Sikkim køayCardæTImYyEdlnwg maneKalneya)ayeGkUeTscrN_TImYyenAkñúgRbeTs. Signs in Gangtok, Sikkim in Northeastern India about being a nonsmoking state. (KT Photo: Sotheavy Nou)

eRkayBIeFVIkarsÞabsÞg;kñúg qñaM 2013 edaymCÄmNÐl viTüasa®sþnigbrisßan (CSE) enARkúgjuÚedlI BIkarBinitü KuNPaBxül;RbcaMRbeTs lT§pl)anbgðajfatMbn;|san énRbeTs\NÐamankMeNInkarbMBulbrisßan y:agelOn Sikkim India’s First State to Go All Organic


Former Indian President Mr. APJ Abdul Kalam ( Late )

Former Indian President APJ Abdul Kalam has passed away at the age of 83 on July 27, 2015 after collapsing as he delivered a scientific lecture at IIM Shillong.

Mr Kalam served as India’s 11th president from

gree in aeronautical engineering from a tech-

2002 to 2007 and was popularly known as “Mis-

nology institute in Chennai (Madras).

sile Man” after pioneering the country’s military missile programme.

Mr Kalam joined the Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre in the neighbouring state of Kerala in the

APJ Abdul Kalam was born in 1931 into a mid-

1960s as one of its first three engineers. He played

dle-class family in Rameshwaram, a town well-

a major role in the centre’s evolution to a key

known for its Hindu shrines in the southern state

hub of space research in India, helping to devel-

of Tamil Nadu. Born in humble circumstances in

op the country’s first indigenous satellite-launch

a Muslim family in rural Tamil Nadu, a young boy

vehicle. He worked for the Defence Research

who sold newspapers as a boy to help his family

and Development Organization and the Indian

make both ends meet, rose to the highest office

Space Research Organization. Indian scientists

in the land. He did so not through the conven-

have hailed him as the father of the Indian nu-

tional route of a political career but through the

clear bomb and its missile delivery systems.

dint of hard work as a scientist in government service.

He also played a key role when India tested its nuclear weapons in 1998. India’s “missile man”,

His father owned boats which he rented out to

as he was dubbed in the popular press, Abdul

local fishermen, but he himself began his career

Kalam was a rocket scientist who rose to prom-

as a newspaper vendor. He then earned a de-

inence as head of the country’s successful ci-


Former Indian President Mr. APJ Abdul Kalam

vilian space and missile defence programmes.

teashop, talking to people from backgrounds

Combining idiosyncratic power-point presenta-

as humble as that which he had outgrown. In

tions of his vision for India’s future with instruction-

this simplicity lay the secret of his ability to con-

al poems for children, lecturing on everything

nect with people, across the boundaries of age,

from solar energy to the importance of broad-

class, religion and region.

band connectivity for India’s villages, Abdul Kalam “ignited minds”, to use the title of one of his

In his life and his work, APJ Abdul Kalam embod-

five bestselling books (he published 17 in all).

ied the best of what India can be.

Man of simplicity

India has never had a more beloved president.

Abdul Kalam was also, unusually for an Indian

Active till the end, he left the world in mid-

who occupied the high positions he did, a man

speech, as if to remind us that he still had some-

of great simplicity. With his long silver hair un-

thing more to say.

fashionably combed back and his thick Tamilian accent, he was an unlikely pop culture idol, but

The shock of his sudden passing has left a nation

that was what he became. The former president

bereaved. India mourns his death, but will long

was proud of his Indian education and liked to

celebrate his life.

describe himself as “Made in India”, having never been trained abroad.

“Man needs his difficulties because they are necessary to enjoy success.”

During his 25 years as a scientist based in Thiruvananthapuram, he endeared himself to ordinary

APJ Abdul Kalam

people everywhere. Legion are the recollections of his waiting patiently for a bus, having breakfast at his favourite

Former Indian President Mr. APJ Abdul Kalam


GtItRbFanaFibtIRbeTs\NÐa elak APJ Abdul Kalam

GtItRbFanaFibtIRbeTs\NÐaelak APJ Abdul Kalam )ansøab;kñúgGayu83qñaM enAéf¶TI27 Exkkáda qñaM2015 bnÞab;BI)andYleBlKat;kMBug EføgBI viTüasa®sþ enAÉ IIM Shillong

elak Kalam )anbeRmICaRbFanaFibtIRbeTs\NÐaTI11 eFVI)an minEmntamry³Tmøab;enaHeTdUcCatamry³GaCIB cab;BIqñaM2002 rhUtdl;qñaM2007 ehIyRtÚv)aneKsÁal; neya)ay EtKWtamry³karxitxMeFVIkarCaGñkviTüasa®sþ y:agl,IeRkameQµaHfa {bursmIsuIl} eRkayBI)ancab;epþIm kñúgraCrdæaPi)al. kmµviFI GPivDÆn_eyaFamuneK. «Bukrbs;Kat;manTUkCaeRcInsRmab;CYleGayGñkrkRtIkñúg APJ Abdul Kalam )anekItenAkñúgqñaM 1931 enAkñúg tMbn; EtKat;xøÜnÉg)ancab;epþImGaCIBCaGñklk;kaEsSt. RKÜsarGñkmFümmYyenAkñúgRkúg Rameshwaram EdlCa eRkaymk Kat;k¾)aneroncb;briBaØabRtEpñkvisVkrynþehaH TIRkúg Edll,Il,ajBITIskáarbUCasasnahinÐÚ EdlsßitenA mkBIviTüasßan bec©kviTüa Chennai (Madras). xagt,Úgénrdæ Tamil Nadu. ekIgenAkñúgkal³eTs³l¥kñúg RKÜsarmUsøImmYyénÉtMbn;CnbTénrdæ Tamil Nadu ekµg elak Kalam )ancUleFVIkarenAmCÄmNÐlGvkas Vikram Rbús mñak;EdlFøab;CaGñklk;kaEsStCYypÁt;pÁg;RKÜsar )an Sabhai enArdæCab;enaHKW rdæeKrala enAkñúgqñaM1960 Qandl; kariyal½yFMCageKenARbeTs\NÐa. ehIyKat; kñúgnamCavisVkrmñak;kñúgcMeNambInak;. 43

Former Indian President Mr. APJ Abdul Kalam

Kat;)anedIrtYy:agsMxan;kñúgkarGPivDÆn_mCÄmNÐleGay køayCakEnøgsMxan;kñúgkarRsavCavGvkaskñúgRbeTs\NÐa edayCYy GPivDÆyanþtararNbmundMbUgbg¥s;EdleFVIeday RbeTs\NÐa. Kat;)aneFVIkarenAGgÁPaBkarRsavRCav karBar nigGPivDÆn_. GñkviTüasa®sþ\NÐa)aneKarBKat;dUc Ca«Bukrbs;RKab;EbknuyekøEG‘r\NÐa nigRbB½n§pþl;mIsuIl.

kalKat;manGayu25qñaM kñúgnamCaGñkviTüasaRsþenA Thiruvananthapuram Kat;)aneFVIeGayeKcUlcitþRKb;TI kEnøg.

edayKYbpSMbTbgðajBITsSn³rbs;Kat;ceM BaHGnaKtRbeTs \NÐaedayGmCamYykMNaBüENnaMmkekµg² karbeRgón GVI² TaMgGs;edayrYmmanRbB½n§sULaeTAdl;sar³RbeyaCn_ én tMNrP¢ab;GuIneFIeNteTAkan;PUmi elak Abdul Kalam )andak;eQµaHesovePAEdlKat;)ansresrmYyfa {KMnit beBa©H} EdlCaesovePAmYykñúgcMeNamesovePAR)aMrbs; Kat;Edllk;dac;CageK (Kat;)ansresrsrub17k,al).

RbeTs\NÐaminEdlmanRbFanaFibtIEdlKYreGayRslaj; EbbenHeTBImunmk. Kat;skmµrhUtdl;cugbBa©b; Kat;)an cakecj BIBiPBelakeBlkMBugEføg)anBak;kNþal vaeFVI eGayeyIgcaMfa Kat;manerOgepSg²eRcIneTotRtÚvniyay. PaBPJak;ep¥Ilénkarsøab;rbs;Kat;eFVIeGayRbeTs\NÐa)at; bg;FM. RbeTs\NÐa)ankat;Tukçkarsøab;rbs;Kat; b:uEnþnig sresIBIKat;Caerogdrab.

karcgcaMmYyrbs;Kat;cMeBaHLanRkúgKWhVÚgmnusSCaeRcIn TTYlTanGahareBlRBwkenAePaCnIy_dæanEdlKat;cUlcitþ niyayCamYymnusSRKb;vNѳedaydak;xøÜn edayTaMgxøÜn Kat;)anedIrtYnaTIy:agsMxan; enAeBlEdl\NÐaeFVIkarsak Kat;elIszan³enaH. edayPaBsamBaØenHÉg EdlCaGaf’ l,gGavuFnuyekøEG‘rkñúgqñaM1998. elak Abdul Kalam kM)aMgEdlGaceFVIeGayKat;GacTak;TgedayKµanRBMEdnGñkviTüasaRsþkaMRCÜcrukEkt EdleKEtgEtehAKat;faCa Gayu vNѳ sasna nigtMbn;. {bursmIsuIl} RbeTs\NÐaenAkñúgBt’manl,I² )ankøayCa mnusSsMxan; kñúgnamCaGñkdwknaMkmµviFIGvkassuIvilnig kñúgCIvitnigkargarrbs;Kat; APJ Abdul Kalam )ankmµviFI karBarmIsuIld¾eCaKC½y. bgðaj BIPaBl¥bMputEdlRbeTs\NÐaGaceFVI)an.

bursEdlmanPaBsamBaØ {mnusSRtÚvkarCYb]bsKÁ BIeRBaHvacaM)ac;edIm,IeGay Abdul Kalam xusBICnCati\NÐadéTEdlmanzan³x<s; eyIgrIkray enAeBlEdleyIgeCaKC½y.} dUcKat; edayKat;manPaBsamBaØ. Kat;mansk;EvgBN’ R)ak; ehIyCaerOy²sitmkeRkay ehIyKat;mantugCn APJ Abdul Kalam CatitamIl Kat;emIleTAdUcminsmCaCaTIeKarBenaHeT Et karBitKat;)ankøayCamnusSd¾KYreGayeKarBEmn. GtIt RbFanaFibtIrUbenH manemaTnPaBcMeBaHkarcMNHdwg\NÐa rbs;Kat; ehIycUlcitþerobrab;BIxøÜnKat;fa {plitkñúgRbeTs \NÐa} eRBaHKat;minEdlsikSaenAbreTsenaHeT.

Former Indian President Mr. APJ Abdul Kalam


Jaipur The city of history and culture, forts and palaces, golden sands and warm people.

The origins of the beautiful city of Jaipur can be

The city is a visitor’s delight. From the intricate,

traced back to the eighteenth century, during

delicate looking Hawa Mahal to the graphic

the reign of Jai Singh II who ascended the Am-

forms of the Jantar Mantar – an open air obser-

ber Throne in 1699. He abandoned the rugged

vatory of outsized astronomical instruments, the

hills of Amber in 1727 and set about laying a

Badi Chaupar lined with shops and business es-

perfect palace-city in the adjoining plains ... Jai-

tablishments on both sides to the majestic fort

pur. It is this city that became the capital of the

-palace at Amer; from the colourful fountains-of-

post-independence state of Rajasthan.

life to the sublime Birla Temple; from the architectural delight of the City Palace to the serene

For long called the Pink City because of the ex-

Jal Mahal

tensive usage of the locally abundant pink stone, Jaipur has massive forts, magnificent palaces,

Jaipur offers so much

exquisite temples and marvellous gardens. All

Jaipur is also home to exquisite handicrafts, beau-

through, Jaipur has retained Its strong Rajputa-

tiful textiles, delicate jewellery and semi-pre-

na flavour tempered by several influences - the

cious/precious gems and stones.

Mughal being the most prominent. The region’s strong cultural heritage is distinctly evident even

Busy streets and colourful markets showcase


much of Jaipur’s vibrancy and charm. Together,



these images constitute a city of immense variety and interest for today’s traveller. No matter why you visit Jaipur, sightseeing is mandatory, for the capital is full of most exotic palaces, gardens and museums.

TRAVEL INFORMATION DELHI (Std Code: 011) Getting There By Air: New Deihl is on the cross-roads of major international a1rlines and is conveniently con-

Jaipur’s signature building is Hawa Mahal, a multi-layered palace with a pro-fusion of win-

nected to major cities of the world.

dows and stone screens. Jantar Mantar is a stone


observatory raised in the 18th century by an as-

New Delhi has two separate terminals for do-

tronomer king. The City Palace was the princi-

mestic and international flights, 4.5 km apart. The

pal residence of the fotmer ruling family, and is

two are linked by coach services. The domestic

known for its stunning architecture. It also houses

airport is used by domestic airlines whereas the

a museum. Heading out of the city is Jal Mahal,

Indira Gandhi International Airport. Delhi’s inter-

a former hunting lodge. The experience of vis-

national airport 20km away from the city centre

iting Amer Palace is one that cannot be easily

is used by Air India and other international carri-

described. You ride up on elephants to the for-

ers offline carriers and international flights.

mer capital of the royals, set to the backdrop of wooded hills. Overlooking Amer are two fortress-

By Road: Delhi is linked by the bus services of

es, Jaigarh and Nahargarh, both with motorable

Delhi Transport Corporation and state roadways

roads running up to them, and full of history of

of neighbouring states to all important cities and

the state’s martial past.

destinations in north India.

The newly built Birla Mandir is a unique monu-

Delhi is well connected by road to major cities:

ment with exquisite marble carvings. For best effect, see it on a moonlit night. The Rajasthan Tourism Development Corporation (RTDC) and

200km from Agra, 399km from Ajmer, 446km from Amritsar

India Tourism Development Corporation (ITDC)

Local Transport

operate half-day, full-day and evening tours at

Airconditioned and non-airconditioned cars

very reasonable prices.

can be hired for self-driving. Chauffeur driven cars can be hired from various car rental agen-

Other places to visit in Rajasthan are Ajmer, Push-

cies. Charges vary according to the type of car,

kar, Bikaner, Udaipur, Chittaurgarh, Jodhpur,

distance and usage.

Jaisalmer, Ranakpur, Mount Abu and National Parks. Mount Abu provides an escape from heat of the plains.

For further mformation please contact

Jaipur is also home to exquisite handicrafts, beau-

lndiatourism Jaipur

tiful textiles, delicate jewellery and semi-pre-

State Hotel, Khasa Kothi, Jaipur, 30

cious/precious gems and stones.

2001 Rajasthan Tel/Fax: 0141-2372200 Email: indtourjpr@raj.nic.ln



TIRkúg Jaipur Jaipur

CaTIRkúgRbvtþisa®sþnigvb,Fm’ manCBa¢aMgkarBarBIsRtÚv nigraCvaMg xSac;BN’mas nigmnusSd¾KYr eGaykk;ekþA.

enACYrCamYyhagepSg² nigGaCIvkmµCaeRcInenA sgxagpøÚveTAdl;CBa¢aMgkarBarsRtÚv nigvaMgenAÉ Amer. cab;BIkEnøgTwk)aj;énCIvit eTAdl;R)asaT Birla d¾éføføa. cab;BIkEnøgpþúMKñaén City Palace eTAkan; Jal Mahal d¾es¶óms¶at;.


pþl;eGayeyIgCaeRcIn ... Jaipur KWCapÞHrbs;sib,kmµd¾RbNit RkNat;d¾Rss;s¥at eRKÓgGlgáard¾eqIt nig semi-prectous/t,Úgmantémø nigeBRC. edImkMeNItrbs;TIRkúg Jaipur d¾Rss;s¥atenH GaceGay pøÚvEdleBareBjedaymnusS nigpSarcMruHBN’ )anbgðaj eyIgdwgRbvtþieTAdl;TsSvtSTI18 kñúgkMLúgraCkal Jai BIPaBrMeCIbrMCYlnigmnþesñh_rbs; Jaipur. CarYm rUbTaMg Singh II EdleLIgRKgraC Amber Throne kñúgqñaM1699. Gs;enHbgðajBIPaBcRmúHKñad¾sem,Im nigcMNab;GarmµN_ Kat;)ane)aHbg;TITYl Amber kñúgqñaM1727 ehIycab; rbs;GñkedIrelgsBVéf¶. epþImeFVITIRkúg raCvaMgenATIrabCab;KñaEdlehAfa Jaipur. vaCaTIRkúgEdlkøayCaraCFanIrbs;rdæ Rajasthan eRkay minfaehtuplGVIEdleFVIeGayGñkmkelg Jaipur karedIr TTYl)anÉkraCü. emIlkMsanþCaerOgcaM)ac; BieRBaHTIRkúgenHKWeBareBjeTA edayraCvaMgdac;Rsyal sYnc,ar nigsarmnÞIr. taMgBIyUrNas;mkehIyeKehAvafaCa TIRkúgBN’páaQUk BIeRBaHmankareRbIR)as;TUlMTUlayénfµBN’páaQUkkñúg GKar Jaipur l<Il,ajCageKKW Hawa Mahal EdlCa tMbn;. Jaipur manCBa¢aMgkarBarkarQøanBansRtÚv raC vaMgEdlmaneRcInRsTab; CamYynwgbg¥ÜcEdlkarBarrlay vaMgd¾rugerOg R)asaTd¾RbNit nigsYnc,ard¾Gcäriy³. taMg nigkBa©k;eFVIBIfµ. Jantar Mantar KWCakEnøgemIlpáay BImunrhUtdl;\LÚv Jaipur rkSa)annUvEbbbTrbs; Ra- EdlRtÚv)aneKsg;eLIgkñúgTsSvtSTI18edayGñk tara jputana x¢ab;x¢Ün EdlmanlT§plmkBI\T§iBlBIeRcIn sa®sþ. City Palace KWCakEnøgsñak;enArbs;RKÜsarkan; mCÄdæan. Mughal KWCa\T§iBlsMxan;CageK. ekrþ×tMENl GMNackalBImun ehIyvaRtÚv)aneKsÁal;tamry³ sMNg; vb,Fm’tMbn;KWsMGagEbøkeKsRmab;sBVéf¶enH. d¾Gs©arürbs;va. ehIyvak¾mansarmnÞIrkñúgenaHpgEdr. RbsinebIeyIgecjBIRkúgmkKWenA Jal Mahal KWCapÞH TIRkúgenHKWCakEnøgeFVIeGayGñkTsSnarIkrayxøaMg. cab; sRmab;Rbmaj;kalBImun. GñkGacCiHdMrIeTAkan;TIRkúgcas; taMgBIkEnøgsµúRKsµaj BIrUbPaBTn;Pøn;rbs; Hawa Mahal rbs;kSRt eTAkan;TITYleFVIBIeQI. enABIelI Amer KWman eTAdl;TRmg;CaRkahVikrbs; Jantar Mantar (kEnøg CBa¢aMgkarBarsRtÚvBIrEdlmaneQµaHfa Jaigarh nig xageRkAsRmab;]bkrN_tarasa®sþemIlpáay). Badi Nagargarh EdlCBa¢aMgTaMgBIrmanpøÚvEdl GacCiHyanþelI Jaipur



va)an ehIyvaeBareBjeTAedayRbvtþiénk,ac;KuNRbeTs kalBICMnan;mun.


EdleKeTIbEtsagsg; KWCavimanEtmYyKt; Edlmancmøak;fµEkvd¾RbNit. RbsinebIcg;emIlvaeGay c,as;RtÚvemIlvaedayeRbIBnøWRBHc½nÞcaMgvaeBlyb;. saCIv kmµGPivDÆn_eTscrN_ Rajasthan (RTDC) nigsaCIvkmµ GPivDÆn_eTscrN_\NÐa (ITDC) dMeNIrkarknøHéf¶ mYy éf¶eBj nigkaredIremIlkMsanþEbbFYrenAeBl l¶acCamYy nwgtémød¾smrmü.

edIm,IeTAdl;TIenaH edayCiHynþehaH³ Delhi KWCakEnøgqøgkat;rbs;ynþ ehaHGnþrCatiFM² ehIyGacP¢ab;y:aggayRsÜleTA kan;TIRkúg FM²enAkñúgBiPBelak.

Birla Mandir

kEnøgEdlRtÚveTAemIlepSgeTotkñúg Rajasthan KW Ajmer, Pushkar, Bikaner, Udaipur, Chittaugarh, Jodh-

PñM Abu nig]TüanCati. GacCakEnøgEdleyIgGaceKcevs BIkEnøgrab

pur, Jaisalmer, Ranakpur,

PñM Abu esµI)an.

KWCapÞHrbs;sbi ,kmµdR¾ bNit RkNat;dR¾ ss;sa¥ teRKÓg Glgáard¾eqIt nig semi-prectous/t,Úgmantémø nigeBRC.


BN’mansRmab;eFVdI eM NIr

DELHI (Std Code: 011)

Gakasyanþdæan New Delhi manRckBIr KWmYysRmab;ehaHkñúgRbeTs nigmYyeTotRmab;ehaHGnþrCati ehIyvamancm¶ay 4.5 KILÚEm:RtBIKña. TaMgBIrenHRtÚv)anP¢ab;Kñaedayesva bgVwk. GakasyandæanehaHkñúgRsúk RtÚv)aneKeRbI sRmab; ynþehaHkñúgRsúk EdlmanGakasyandæan Indira Gandhi International Airport Delhi’s Inter-

cm¶ay 25KILÚEm:RtBIcMNuckNþalTIRkúg EdlvaeRbIedayynþehaH\NÐa nigynþehaHdwkTMnij GnþrCatiepSg² nigynþehaHGnþrCati. national

tampøÚvfñl;³ Delhi RtÚv)anP¢ab;edayesvaLanRkúg rbs;saCIvkmµKmnaKmn_Rkúg Delhi nigpøÚvrbs;rdæeTA kan;rdæenAEk,r²Kña nigeTAkan;TIRkúgsMxan;² nigeTA kan;\NÐaxageCIg. Rkúg Delhi RtÚv)anP¢ab;edaypøÚvfñl;eTAkan;RkúgsMxan;³ 200 KILÚEm:RtBI Agra 399KILÚEm:RtBI Ajmer 466 KILÚEm:RtBI Amritsar. kareFVIdMeNIredayLan eyIgGacCYlLanEdlbMBak;edaym:asuInRtCak; nig minmanm:asuInRtCak;sRmab;ebIkedayxøÜnÉg. eyIg k¾CaCYl étkugLanBIPñak;garCYlCaeRcIn. témøKWsßit elIRbePTLan cm¶ay nigkareRbIR)as;. sRmab;BN’manbEnßmsUmTak;Tgmkkan; lndiatourism Jaipur State Hotel, Khasa Kothi, Jaipur, 30 2001 Rajasthan

TUrs½BÞ/Fax: 0141-2372200 GuIem:l: indtourjpr@raj.nic.ln



Ajmer/Pushkar Located within the core of the desert slate of

The Dargah

Rajasthan, the historic towns of Ajmer, Pushkar,

Popularly known as Dargah Sharif, this is the

Merta and Nagaur comprise a region which has

shrine of the Sufi mystic Khwaja Moinuddin Chish-

been a cradle as much of mighty kingdoms as

ti, better known as Gharib- Nawaz, who has his

of religious, and philosophical thought. Pushkar,

final resting place here. Pilgrims of all faiths come

since time immermorial, has been one of the

from the world over to attend the place, since

most hallowed holy spots for the Hindus. After

the shrine is considered a place of wish-fulfill-

the advent of Islam, Ajmer and Merta became

ment for those who pray with sincerity.

the major centres of Sufi philosophy, which is a unique humanistic blend of the Hindu and Muslim religious attitude and conventions. The Dargah at Ajmer is universally revered. Nagaur has stood as a sturdy bastion against invaders. Ajmer is a centre of pilgrimage for both Hindus and Muslims and is a true synthesis of Hindu and Islamic cultures. Pushkar This small township and the sacred lake of Pushkar is 11 kms. away from Ajmer. The road to Pushkar winds through the Nag Pahar (Snake Mountain) leading to the ancient lake.


Pushkar Lake, believed by the Hindus to be as

-Delhi National Highway include Alwar,

old as creation, has been a place of pilgrimage through the centuries. There are 52 bathing ghats built around the lake. The water around each ghat is supposed to have special powers. Annually on Kartik Purnima (the full moon day), the famous Pushkar fair is held. Devotees come

Alwar/Sariska: Excursions on the Jaipur known as the â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Tiger Gate of Rajasthan, 150 km from Jaipur. Sariska: Nestled in the picturesque ranges of Aravalis, this fort throbs with life. A natural habitat, it offers a unique opportunity to see a variety of animals at close range. The Sariska wildlife sanctuary is 35 km

to take a holy dip in the lake.

away from Alwar. Other places to visit in Ra-

Getting there

Jodhpur, Jaisalmer, Ranakpur, Mount Abu

Hourly bus service to Pushkar front near the old bus stand at Daulat Bagh in Ajmer, 14 km away. Jeep taxis take passengers as well. Ajmer is also the nearest railhead.



jasthan are Bikaner, Udaipur; Chittaurgarh, and National Park etc.

The Palace on Wheels

For a different kind of experience, enjoy India

Udaipur, Day 7 - Bharatpur, Agra. Day 8 - Return

through journeys in superb-luxury tourist-trains ...

to Delhi. Accommodation is mainly in coupes,

cocooned in the comfort of the luxurious, perks

with each carriage having a lounge, a mini bar,

of modern-day travel! Liveried waiters at your

kitchenette and modern toilets.

beck and call, modern comfort rooms - find them all in some of the best-preserved and reg-

Tarrif includes cost of travel, full catering, con-

ularly â&#x20AC;&#x201C; used railway cars in the world.

ducted sightseeing tours in deluxe coaches, entrance fee for monuments, cultural entertain-

The Palace-on-Wheels

ment and boat ride etc.

An extraordinary train for extraordinary people. It is a unique experience offered by the Indian

Note: Half fare for children between 5 and 12

Railways. Running between September to April.

years of age. The tariff does not include liquor,

Day 1 - The train leaves every Wednesday from

laundry and an) other items of personal nature.

Delhi Cantonment Railway station. Day 2 - Jaipur, Day 3 - Jaisalmer, Day 4 - Jodhpur, Day 5Sawai Madhopur, Day 5-Chittaurgarh, Day 6-

For information and booking Sr. Manager, Palace on Wheels, Tourist Reception Centre, Bikaner House, Bandara Road, New Delhi-110011. Tel: 91-l 1-23381884, 23383837, 23386069 Fax: 91-11-23382823 Email: Website: www.palaceonwheel .com Ajmer/Pushkar


Ajmer/Pushkar manTItaMgCasñÚlenAkEnøgEdleKFøab;e)aHbg;ecalkñúg Rajasthan TIRkúgRbvtþisa®sþrbs; Ajmer. Pushker, Merta nig Naguar rYmmantMbn;EdlCaedImkMeNIt GNacRkd¾manGMNac k¾dUcCasasna nigKMnitEbb TsSn viC¢a. kalBIeBlyUrlg;Nas;mkehIy Pushkar Føab; CakEnøgmYyd¾Bisidærbs;sasnahinÐÚ. bnÞab;BIkarmkdl; rbs;sasnaGuIsøam Ajmer nig Merta )ankøayCa mCÄmNÐlFM²énTsSn³ Sufi EdlCakarlaybBa©ÚlKñaEt mYyKt;rbs;mnusS. bnÞab;BIkarmkdl;rbs;GuIsøam Ajmer nig Merta )ankøayCamCÄmNÐlTsSn³viC¢a Sufi EdlCa karRcbl;bBa©ÚlKñarbs;mnusSEtmYyKt;rvag\riyabfnig snñi)atrbs;sasnahinÐÚnigmUsøIm. Dargah enAÉ Ajmer RtÚv)aneKeKarBCasakl. Naguar )anegIbQrCakMEBg y:agGg;GacedIm,IkarBarBIGñkQøanBan. KWCamCÄmNÐlFmüaRtaTaMMghinÐÚnigmUsøIm ehIyvaCavb,Fm’sMeyaKrbs;sasnahinÐÚnigGuIsøam. Ajmer


TIRkúgd¾tUcenH nigbwgd¾Bisidæén Pushkar mancMgay 11 KILÚEm:RtBI Ajmer. pøÚveTAkan; Pushkar RtÚvqøgkat; Nag Pahar (PñMBs;) EdlGaceTAdl;bwgburaN. bwg Pushkar RtÚv)aneCOedaysasnahinÐÚfaburaNtaMgBI edIm CakEnøgFmüaRtaCaeRcInTsSvtS. TwkenACuMvijcg¥Úr TwkRtÚv)aneKcat;TukfamankMlaMgBiess. Caerogral;qñaM enAéf¶eBjelakEx (Kartik Purnima) pSarNat; Pushkar d¾l,Il,ajRtÚv)aneKerobcMeLIg. GñkEdlmanCMenO)an mkgUtTwkenATwkvisidæenAkñúgbwg. edIm,IeTAdl;TIenaH LanRkúgmanRKb;em:ageTAkan;Eb:kxagmux Pushkar enA Ek,rcMNtLanRkúgcas;enAÉ Daulat Bagh enAkñúg Ajmer EdlmancMgay14KILÚEmRt. 51


Dargah Dargah Dargah

RtÚv)aneKsÁal;y:agl,Il,ajtamry³eQµaH Sharif. vaKWCaTIskáar³bUCarbs;GñkmanCMenO

GFiFmµCati Sufi mystic Khwaja Moinuddin Chishti EdleKeRcInsÁal;faCa Gharib-awaz EdlmankEnøg sRmakcugeRkayrbs;eKenATIenH. GñkeFVIFmµyaRtamkBI eRcInCMenO )anmkBIeRcInRbeTsedIm,ImkcUlrYm edaysar EtTIskáar³enHRtÚv)aneKcat;Tku CakEnøgbn;Rsn;Bsi di æ sRmab; GñkEdlbn;edaymanesckþIesµaH. stVéRB

dMeNIrkMsanþenA Jaipur pøÚvCati hayev Delhi edayrYmman Alwar EdleK EtgsÁal;vaCa Tiger Gate of Rajasthan cm¶ay 150KILÚEm:RtBI Jaipur. Sariska: vasßitenACYrPñM Aravalis d¾Rss;s¥at. éRBTaMgenHsm,ÚreTAeday CIvit. lMenAzanFmµCati vapþl;Ca«kasEtmYyKt; edIm,IeGayeyIgGacemIlstVCaeRcInRbePTenA Cit². CRmkstVéRB Sariska mancm¶ay 35 KILÚEm:RtBI Alwar. kEnøgepSg²eTotedIm,ITsSna kñúg Rajasthan rYmmandUcCa Bikaner, Udaipur; Alwar/Sariska:

Chittaurgarh, Jodhpur, Jaisalmer, Ranakpur, Mount Abu

nig]TüanCati .l.


edIm,IeGayTTYl)anbTBiesaFn_xus²Kña GñkGacTsSnaRbeTs\NÐatamry³karedIrelgkñúgrfePøIgd¾RbNit ehIyh‘u¿B½T§ edayRbNitPaBnigmanpasuxPaB EdlvaCakareFVIdMeNIrEbbTMenIb! GñkbeRmIEdlBak;ÉksNæanenABIeRkayGñk ehIy GñkGacehABYkeK)antambnÞb;pasuxPaBd¾TMenIb. GñkGacrkBYkeK)anenAkñúgkEnøgEdlman suvtßiPaB ehIyCaeTogTat;. raCvaMgenAelIkg; rfePøIgvisamBaØ KWsRmab;mnusSvisamBaØ. vaCabTBiesaFn_EtmYyKt;EdlGacpþl;)anedayrfePøIgRbeTs\NÐa. dMeNIkar cab;BIExkBaØa dl;Exemsa. éf¶TI1 - rfePøIgeFVIdMeNIecjerogral;éf¶BuF BIsßanIy_ Delhi Cantonment Railway. éf¶TI 2 - Jaipur éf¶TI3 - Jaisalmer éf¶TI4 - Jodhpur éf¶TI5 - Sawai Madhopur éf¶TI5 - Chittaurgarh éf¶TI 6 - Udaipur éf¶TI7 - Bharat pur, Agra éf¶TI8 - Rtlb;mkkan; Delhi vij. karsñak;enAcMbgKWsRmab;mnusSBIrnak; EdlkEnøgnimYy²manranGgÁúyelgmYy kEnøgkMsanþtUcmYy pÞH)aytUc mYy nigbgÁn;d¾TMenIb. témøKWrYmmantémøénkareFVIdMeNIr GaharRKb;eBl karnaMTsSnaenAkñúgkEnøgnimYy² témøcUlemIlviman karkMsanþ Ebb vb,Fm’ nigkarCiHTUk .l. kMNt;smÁal;³ témøBak;kNþalsRmab;ekµgGayu5qñaM eTA12qñaM. témøminrYmbBa©ÚlRsa kare)akG‘ut nigsmÖar³ epSg² sRmab;buKÁl. sRmab;Bt’manbEnßm nigkarkk;Tukmun GñkRKb;RKgCan;x<s; raCvaMgenAelIkg; kEnøgTTYlePJóv Bikaner House pøÚv Bandara TIRkúg New Delhi -110011 TUrs½BÞ: 91-l 1-23381884, 23383837, 23386069 Fax: 91-11-23382823 GuIem:l: evbsay: Ajmer/Pushkar


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Indians and friends of India watch as H.E. Vice President of India, Shri Mohammad Hamid Ansari, gives his speech to the audience on September 15, 2015.


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But Balarama observed that Krishna was sitting silent and looked quite cool as if nothing had happened. So, he suspected that Krishna had a hand in the abduction of their sister. Balarama said to Krishna, “Brother Dear! why are you sitting silent after hearing of such a disgraceful act by Arjuna? Have you decided to bear with his misdoing because you love him very much? ” Balarama further continued, “We accorded Arjuna such a rousing reception when he came to Dwarka with you. Is that the way to repay our friendly act? Everybody feels that he has heaped unbearable disgrace on us. You may tolerate it, but not me. I’ll chase him with my best soldiers and teach him a bitter lesson.” Krishna had been silent as Arjuna had carried away Subhadra with his connivance. So, he decided to pacify Balarama. He said, “Brother Dear! be calm and think over the matter with a cool mind. Isn’t it a matter of pride for us that our sister has become a bride of Indraprastha? Our aunt, Kunti, is already in that family. Moreover, you must not forget that Arjuna is invincible. What if you make war on him and get defeated? Where shall we stand in that case? Won’t



it be an even bigger disgrace?” Krishna’s words pacified and his rage melted away. He said, “My loving young brother! you are perfectly right. We should not take any step in haste. We must handle the situation tactfully and with sagacity.” Inwardly happy, Krishna said, “We should make peace with the Pandavas and perform Subhadra’s marriage to Arjuna duly in a religious manner to give it a true colour so that it is accepted socially.” Convinced to the core, Balarama praised Krishna and he decided to act as told by him. He went to Arjuna and brought him back along with Subhadra most honourably. Then their marriage was performed according to the prescribed rites and with royal pomp and show. Having stayed at Dwarka for about an year, Arjuna moved to a holy place called Pushkar near Ajmer in modem RaJasthan. Subhadra was with him and he passed the remaining years of his exile there. The period of exile over, Arjuna returned to Indraprastha along with Subhadra who was in the guise of a milk-maid. Reaching the capital, Arjuna chose to

see his elder brother Yudhishthira first of all as he knew that he would handle the matter with grace and tolerance. As for Subhadra, she went inside the palace and touched the feet of her mother-in-law Kunti who kissed her forehead and hugged her. Then she blessed her in various ways. Next, Subhadra went to Draupadi and touching her feet, she said, “Sister Dear! accept me as your maid-in-attendance.” Draupadi was very much impressed at Subhadra’s modesty and simplicity. She embraced her closely out of affection and blessed her saying, “May your husband be ever victorious!” As soon as news of Arjuna’s arrival in Indraprastha reached Dwarka after completing his exile, Balarama and Krishna reached there along with several Yadava chieftains. They had come with valuable presents for Arjuna, his brothers, Subhadra, Draupadi, Kunti and for all other relatives. As for King Yudhishthira, he held a grand reception in honour of. Atjuna’s marriage to Subhadra. After a few days’ stay at Indraprastha, Balarama returned to Dwarka along w1th the Yadava chieftains receiving return-gifts from the Pandavas. As for Lord Krishna, he

chose to stay at Indraprastha for some more time. BIRTH OF ABHIMANYU In due course of time, Subhadra gave birth to a lovely son. From the very beginning, the baby showed signs of growing up into a handsome brave virtuous graceful warrior. He was the favourite of his father, four uncles and especially of his maternal uncle Krishna. After holding the baby’s naming ceremony (namkarana), Arjuna’s son was named Abhimanyu because he was very highly (Abhi) self-willed (manyu). When he was about 6-7 years old, his father began to give him lessons in archery. By the age of 15 years, he had become a warrior to be reckoned with. Even famed warriors of the day trembled at the very mention of his name. He was indeed the pride of the entire Pandava clan. As for Draupadi, she bore five sons-one from each Pandava brother. Their names were Prativindhya, Sutasoma, Shrutakarma, Shataneeka and Shrutasena. When all the five princes had grown up a little, their hair-removing (mundana) ceremonies were performed. Some time later, their sacred-thread (yagyapavita) ceremonies were also performed. The Pandavas felt highly delighted to see the young princes growing up into warriors gradually.




b:uEnþ )alaram )anGegáteXIjfa RKisña GgÁúyy:ages¶óms¶at; nigeFVI sMdIrbs; RKisña )anlYgelam )alaram ehIykMhwgrbs;Kat;)an Fmµtahak;dUcCaKµanerOgGVIekIteLIgGBa©wg. dUecñHehIyKat;sgS½y rlay)at;. Kat;)anniyayfa “b¥ÚnRbúsCaTIRslaj;rbs;bg! b¥Ún niyayRtÚvNas;! eyIgminKYreFVIGVIRbjab;Rbjal;enaHeT. eyIg fa RKisña cUlédkñúgkarcab;BRgt;b¥ÚnRsIrbs;BYkeK. RtUvEtRKb;RKgsßankarenHedayR)aCJa nigPaBQøasév.” )alaram )anniyayeTAkan; RKisña fa “elakb¥Únsmøaj; ehtuGVI)anCa b¥ÚnGgÁúyes¶óms¶at;bnÞab;BI)anlWefakTabeFVIeLIgedayGrCun? etI RKisña niyayedaykþIeRtkGrfa “eyIgKYrEtbegáItsnþiPaBCamYy b¥ÚnseRmccitþRTaMnwgGMeBIxusqÁgenHeRBaHEtb¥ÚnRslaj;Kat;xøaMgetI nwgbgb¥Ún )aNÐv³ ehIyerobGaBah’BiBah’ sUhaRda eTA[ GrCun [)anRtwmRtÚvtamsasnaedIm,IsgÁmGacTTYlyk)an. “eRkayBI maneT?” TTYl)anbBa©úHbBa©Úl )alaram )anelIksresIr RKisña ehIyseRmc )alaram )anbnþeTotfa “eyIg)anTTYlbdisNæarkic© GrCun y:ag citþeFVItamKat;. Kat;)aneTArk GrCun ehIynaMKat;mkvijCamYy éføfñÚr enAeBlEdlKat;mk TIRkúg dVka CamYynwgb¥Ún. etIenHCaGVI sUhaRda edaykitþiysbMput. bnÞab;mkBiFIGaBah_BiBah_rbs;BYkeK EdleKsgmkelITegVIrak;Tak;rbs;eyIg? RKb;KñaKitfa Kat;)aneFVI )anRbRBwtþeTAtamk,ÜntRmaraCvgSy:ag GFwkGFm. erOgTury’s EdlminKYrelIkElgeGaymkelIBYkeyIg. b¥ÚnGacRTaM )anb:uEnþbgminGaceT. bgnwg[Tahantamcab;Kat; ehIynwgpþl; eday)ansñak;GaRs½yenATIRkúg dVka Gs;ry³eBlCag1qñaM GrCun )anpøas;eTATIkEnøgskþarmYyEdlehAfa PUsxar CitRkúg eGcEm‘r emerond¾CUrct;mYyeTA[Kat;. enA raCasßan TMenIb. sUhaRda enACamYyKat;ehIy)ancMNay RKisña enAes¶ómeRBaH GrCun )ansmKMnitCamYynwgrUbKat;cab;BRgt; eBlevlaEdlenAesssl;nireTsxøÜnenATIenaH. sUhaRda. dUecñHKat;k¾seRmccitþniyaylYgelam )alaram fa “bg Rbússmøaj; sUmeFVIcitþ[RtCak; ehIyKitelIbBaðaenHedaysRmÜl. ry³eBlnireTsxøÜn)anbBa©b; GrCun )anvilRtlb;eTAraCFanI RBH\®n etIvaminEmnCaemaTnPaBeTEdlb¥ÚnRsIrbs;eyIg)ankøayCaPriya vijCamYynwg sUhaRda EdlEtgxøÜnCaRsþIRc)ac;TwkedaH. mkdl; enAraCFanI RBH\®nÞ ? GñkmIg kunþI rbs;eyIgk¾rs;kñúgRKÜsarhñwgEdr. TIRkúg GrCun )aneTArkbgRbúsrbs;Kat;eQµaH yFisiþr³ muneK eRBaH mYyvijeTot bgminRtÚvePøceTfaKµannrNaGacvayQñH GrCun eT. Kat;dwgfa Kat;GacedaHRsaybBaðaedayGnueRKaH nigRtaRbNI. cuHebIbgeFVIs®gÁamCamYynwgKat;ehIycaj;? etIeyIgKYreFVIEbbNa bnþeTot? etIvanwgminEmnCaerOgkan;Et[Gb,ysEfmeToteT? sRmab; sUhaRda vij nag)ancUleTAkñúgraCvaMgRkabsMBH)ateCIg 59


mþayekµkrbs;nagKW nag kunþI ehIy kunþI k¾)anefIbf¶as; nig»b kMeNItrbs; GPiman nagvij. bnÞab;mk)anCUnBrnagsBVEbby:ag. mYyry³eRkaymk sUhaRda )anpþl;kMeNItdl;kUnRbúsd¾KYr[ Rslaj;mñak;. RKan;EtekItmkPøam TarkenH)anbgðaj[eXIjfa bnÞab;mkeTot sUhaRda )aneTArk RTU)aDI ehIysMBH)ateCIgrbs; rUbeKnwgkøayCaGñkcm,aMgd¾Rss;sgðamanesckþIkøahanKuNFm’eBl nagedayniyayfa “bgRsIsmøaj; sUmTTYlyk´CaGñkbeRmI.” eKFMeLIg. TarkenHKWCasMNb;citþrbs;«Buk «BukmaTaMg4 nigCa Biess«Bukmaxagmþay RKisña. RTU)aDI mankarPJak;ep¥IrCaxøaMgedayeXIjkardak;xøÜn nigPaBsamBaØ rbs; sUhaRda. nag)an»b sUhaRda y:ags¥itCUnBrnageday bnÞab;BI)anR)arBVBiFIdak;eQµaH[Tark kUnRbúsrbs; GrCun RtÚv)an niyayfa “sUm[sVamIrbs;b¥ÚnTTYl)anC½yCmñHCaerogrhUt.” RbsiT§namfa GPiman eRBaHekµgenHBitCamanqnÞHx<s;Nas;. enAeBlEdlKat;manGayu 6-7qñaM «Bukrbs;Kat;cab;epþImbeRgón Pøam²eBlEdldMNwgmkdl;raCFanI RBH\®nÞ rbs; GrCun)anelc Kat;[ecH)anFñÚ. GayuRtwm 15 qñaM Kat;)ankøayCaGñkcm,aMgd¾xøaMg lWdl;Rkúg dVka bnÞab;BIbBa©b;karnireTsxøÜn )alaram nig RKisña )an køamñak;. sUm,IEtGñkcm,aMgEdlmanekrþ×eQµaHk¾jak;sac;EdreBllW eTAdl;TIenaHEdrCamYynwgemkulsm<½n snþtivgSy:aDU. BYkeKnaMmk eQµaHrbs;Kat;. Kat;KCW aemaTnPaBrbs;RkumRKÜsar )aNÐv³ TaMgmUl. CamYynUvGMeNaymantémøCUn GrCun bgb¥ÚnRbúsrbs;BYkeK sUha Rda RTU)aDI kunþI nigsac;jatidéTepSgeTot. sRmab; RTU)aDI vij nag)anpþl;kMeNItdl;kUnRbúsR)aMnak; Edlmñak;² CakUnrbs;bgb¥Ún )aNÐv³. BYkKat;maneQµaH RBHTIv\I sRmab;RBHraCa yuFisiþr³ RBHGgÁ)anerobcMBiFITTYlsVaKmn’y:agFM NÐya, sut³esam:a Rs‘Utakmµ satnIka nig Rs‘Utaesna. éRkElgCakitþiyssRmab;mgÁlkarrbs; GrCun nig sUhaRda. enAeBlEdlbuRtaTaMgR)aMFMeLIgbnþic BiFIkat;sk;rbs;BYkeKRtÚv)an bnÞab;BI)ansñak;enAraCFanI RBH\®nÞ Gs;ry³eBlb:unµanéf¶mk )ala R)arBVeLIg. mYyry³eBleRkaymkeTotBiFIcgExSGMe)aH k¾RtÚv)an ram vilRtlb;eTARkúg dVka vijCamYynwgemkulsm<n½ edayTTYl R)arBVeLIgpgEdr. RkúmRKÜsar )aNÐv³ manGarmµN_rMePIbEdl)an )annUvGMeNaytbsñgmkvijBI )aNÐv³. sRmab; RKisña vij Kat;)an eXIjbuRtaFMeLIgkøayCaGñkcm,aMgbnþicmþg². seRmccitþsñak;enAraCFanI RBH\®nÞ mYyry³eTot. Mahabharata


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India Digest Vol 32  

India Digest Vol 32

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