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Important aspects to be taken into account to teach English in the public schools in Ecuador


Important
Issues


   The
nature
of
teaching
→



methods,
teaching
skills,
strategies,
 techniques.
   The
role
of
the
teacher
   Classroom
Management
→


 lesson
planning,
grouping,
 classroom
dynamics,
graphic
 organizers.
   Teaching
the
skills
→
Reading,
 Speaking,
Listening,
Writing.



Important
Issues


   Addressing
Linguistic
 Competence
→

Grammar,
 Vocabulary
and
Pronunciation.
   Curriculum
Factors
→

 Syllabus
design,
materials
 development.
   Assessment
of
Learning
→

 tests
and
exams
   The
role
of
technology
→

 Media,
Internet
   Global
Issues



Teaching
English
in
a

 Globalized
World
 UNASUR
meeting
takes
 place
in
Bariloche
 The
communication
between
Cuenca
 and
Loja
is
better


Militar
Bases
in
 Colombia


Quito
is
getting
cleaner
 Imbabura’s
holiday
is
 My

 coming
 LOCAL
 neighborhood
 El
nuevo
aeropuerto
recibe
dos
premios
Discrimination
 against
women
in
 Afghanistan
 The
new
airport
receives
2


REGIONAL
 NATIONAL


prizes


Ecuador
celebrates
its
 Independence
Bicentenary


Miss
Universe
is
 from
Venezuela
 AH1N1


INTERNATIONAL



Students
 15‐20

YEARS
AGO


  Less
access
to
electronic


devices
   Less
possibilities
to
travel
 abroad
   Traditional
families
   Followed
established
rules
 more
easily
   Respect
for
the
elderly
   Valued
parent’s
authority
   Traditional
schools
   Restricted
information
 from
the
media


2009


  Major
access
to


information
technology
   More
opportunities
to
 travel
abroad
   Different
family
 organization

   Against
establishment
   Question
the
elderly

   Question
parent’s
authority
   School
innovation
   Widespread
information



Teachers
 15‐20
YEARS
AGO


  Less
access
to
electronic


2009


  Major
access
to


information
technology
 devices
   Less
possibilities
to
travel
   More
opportunities
to
 travel
abroad
 abroad
   Different
family
   Traditional
families
 organization
   Less
questioning
students
   Students
who
question
 authority
   Less
economic
pressure
   Increased
economic
   Restricted
information
 pressure
(teachers
work
in
 from
the
media
 more
than
one
place)
   Less
access
to
professional
   Innovation
in
schools
 development
opportunities
   Widespread
information



  Knowledge
society.‐
A
society
where
individuals
take
in
information
and


then
through
the
process
of
constructivism
in
education
transform
it
into
 knowledge.

This
knowledge
can
be
used
in
new
situations
to
make
 connections
and
therefore
to
make
meaning
,
solve
problems
and
make
 decisions.
   Information
Society.‐
Sometimes
this
term
is
used
interchangeably
with


that
of
knowledge
society
,
but
such
a
term
is
misleading
because
 information
is
more
related
to
facts
and
figures.
   University
of
life.‐
Refers
to
the
fact
that
nowadays
,
students
for
instance


have
access
to
a
huge
amount
of
information
and
they
generally
know
how
 to
get
at
it
without
much
help
from
us
.
It
is
said
that
a
lot
of
knowledge
is
 acquired
in
the
University
of
life
rather
than
in
the
classroom.



Curriculum
needs
for
students
 and
teachers



Teaching
and
training
 methodology
 Communication
 for
real
life


English
teachers
 must


the
four
skills


with


of


interrelate

 the
teaching


the
new
 dimensions
of
 terms


such
as


Metacognition
 Input
 Output



Teaching
and
training
content
 
Attitudes


Global
 issues


Critical
 thinking


The
new
 language
 itself
 Values



Teachers´and
trainers´attitudes
 Monitor


Good
Role
 Models


Guide


are


not
any
longer
the
owners
of
truth
and
our
 word
is
not
the
last
word


need


to
guide
our
students
and
trainers
to
 transform
information
in
knowledge
and
 recognize
that
the
students

should
be
the
 center
of
the
educational

act


WE


Our
classes
should
reflect
more
 democracy
and
less
authoritarism



Teaching
Techniques
 Induction


Deduction


Discussing


FOR
THE
USE
OF


Role
play
 Pair
and
group
 work


Analyzing


TO

 USE


Create
 opportunities



FOR


Making
inferences
 
Criticizing


Information
gap
 activities


Encouragement
of

 creativity
and
 self‐reflection



Global
Issues
 Culture


Democracy


Racism


Gender


Literacy


Values


Environment


Iliteracy


Politics


All
these
issues
are
opportunities
to
develop
critical
thinking
and
in
our
case
to
do
so
though
 English
(which
is
the
global
language)
means
a
significant
advance
and
challenge.



How
to
become
a
global
 English
teacher
 Take
baby
steps
before
giant
strides
 See
the
world
through
eyes
other
than
yours
 Keep
a
record
of
your
developing
awareness
 Start
with
yourself
and
examine
your
beliefs,
 aspirations,capabilities,situation
and
context.
 Work
on
the
student
self
before
the
bigger
issue
of
the
group
,
the
 community,
the
city
the
country
and
the
world.



Read
,
read,
read…….!


Ask
students
what
they
want

to
 talk
and
learn
about


Collect
poems,
short
stories,
quotations
 songs,
music,
which

will
help
you
to
touch

 the
matter



Become
informed.
Watch
the
news,
buy
magazines,
 read
an
English
language
daily
paper.


Look
at
local
issues
in
relation
to
the
global
ones.
Don’t
expect

 students
to
immediately
see
the
point.



  THANK
YOU
SO
MUCH
   CONTACT
INFORMATION:

 rociolic@yahoo.es



Important aspects to be taken into account