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Outline Sophomore  Research  Paper  

What is  it?   •  Serves  as  an  organiza3onal  plan  for  your  paper   •  Ar3culates  what  you  plan  to  say   •  Shows  how  you  will  get  to  where  you  want  to  go  

Importance •  Ar3cula3on  in  point  form  for  a  superior  dra<     •  Chance  to  fix  structural  problems  more  easily   •  Direc3on  and  substance   •  Confidence   •  Ability  to  tackle  smaller,  more  manageable   chunks  

How to  construct  yours   •  Take  a  deep  breath.   •  Read  through  your  notes.   •  Classify  your  findings  /  look  for  paGerns  and   trends.     •  Do  some  more  research  where  needed  or  see  if   two  "weak"  sec3ons  might  fit  under  one   stronger  heading.     •  Re-­‐evaluate  your  thesis.    

Starting the  outline   •  MLA  heading  and  headers   •  Title:  Research  Paper  Outline  –  Major  Grade   •  I.    Introduc3on   •  A.  Interest  grabber   •  B.  Thesis  statement:  Write  it  out  as  a   complete  sentence  here.   •  II.    Topic  heading  1   •  III.    Topic  heading  2   •  IV.    Topic  heading  3  (could  have  2-­‐4  topics)   •  V.  Conclusion  

Organizing information   •  Using  colored  index  cards,  write  down  your   (revised)  topics  from  your  preliminary  outline.   This  is  your  “star3ng  outline.”   •  Once  you  feel  you  have  a  good  set  of  topics,  take   out  your  note  cards  and  try  to  find  a  place  for   them  in  your  “star3ng  outline.”  Insert  them   where  they  belong.      

Forming a  topic  outline   •  Give  topic  names  to  all  of  the  pieces  of   informa3on  (do  not  just  write  the  quote  in  the   outline!)  and  document  them  with  appropriate   cita3ons  in  your  outline.   •  End  with  the  Conclusion.  

Citations •  Use  the  first  word  of  the  Source  Card  cita3on   (usually  the  author’s  or  editor’s  last  name)  and   the  page  number  (if  available).   •  If  the  first  word  is  an  ar3cle  name,  put  quotes   around  it.   •  If  it’s  a  book  3tle,  italicize  it.  

•  Simply put  the  page  number  -­‐  no  p.,  nor  pp.,  nor   pg.,  nor  pgs,  nor  #  signs.   •  If  there  is  no  page  number,  you  do  not  put   anything  but  the  first  word  of  the  cita3on.  

Works Cited   •  Using  your  source  cards,  list  each  entry   alphabe3cally  by  the  first  important  word  (not  a,   an  or  the)  of  the  entry.   •  Use  a  hanging  indent.  

Important structural  things   •  Every  I  has  a  II;  every  A  a  B;  every  1  a  2.   •  Go  over  parallelism.  Change  any  inconsistent   parts  of  speech  on  the  outline.   •  Go  over  capitaliza3on.  Adjust  capitaliza3on.